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.1 What is the composition of seawater? Seawater is comprised of 82 elements which mainly includes Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sodium, Chlorine, Magnesium, Sulfur, Potassium, Bicarbonate, Bromine, Borate, Strontium, Fluoride, Calcium, Sulfate and Bromine. The 3.5% salinity of seawater is due to salt ions. Freshwater are less dense than saltwater—this is because, the salt adds up in the mass and not in the volume. Not all seawater are saline and when these seawater are integrated with river water, the former will be less saline. Among all seas, the Red Sea is the saltiest,
.2 What are the three major layers (zones) found in the ocean? Describe each layer briefly. The three major layers have been categorized based on the light each one absorbs. Sunlit zone, also known as euphoric zone, is the
The following layer is the Twilight zone in which lesser light is absorbed compared with the first layer. The deepest layer is the Midnight zone that accounts to 90% of the entire zone. . Hawaiian Islands are also serener than any other places in California.4 How do oceans regulate climate? Ocean currents are regulator of climate. . Ocean current can go through miles and is the best conveying medium in the planet. Take for example this. The pressure is high in this layer that is 600-300 feet deep so no living organism can be possible in here. This is 600 feet deep where you can find 90% of the aquatic diversity. Studying ocean current is necessary to determine the temperature and forecast the fuel shipping cost. This is brought by forces like breaking waves. The darkest among the three and no life existed. wind or the Coriolis Effect. Affected by warm water from the north . It also plays a big role in the overall weather of Earth.3 What is an ocean current? Ocean current is defined as the flow of the water in the ocean. because of the state’s ocean current.top layer. the Gulf Stream makes possible a breezier weather in Europe. It is where the light deeply penetrates the water that results to photosynthesis.
That is why when the sun pulls on one end and moon on the other end that causes the daily tides in the planet. one can find flat plains and mountain chains as well. And underwater. In relation to this.7 What is the relationship between plate tectonics and the ocean floor —seafloor spreading. atmosphere and in the Earth’s crust.5 What causes a change in sea level? Sea level changes because of thermal expansion and land-based ice expansion caused by melting. for example? Ridges. Lunar tide is due to the pulling of the Earth and of the moon. The moon pulls and moves the water only. trenches and divergent boundaries are found in ocean floors. 8mm of water is added each year on the ocean level of the Antarctic and Greenland islands.6 What causes ocean tides? Ocean tide is the up and down surge of the sea level caused by the moon and sun gravitational pull. . .Atlantic to northwest Europe is the stoppage of the ice to form in the coastal area. The increase in sea level is due to climate change. Tides occur in lakes. This enable ships to get through the ports. the seafloor spreading is due to the rising . .
Lagoon is shallower. Dunes meanwhile are knolls of loose sand that heaps at the blow of winds in an inner and outer pattern. wider and longer than estuaries. motions it around the planet.9 What are the different types of shorelines? Describe each type briefly. Barriers are the offshore sand ridges and gravels which come in the main land. Another is the movement of the sea to the ocean. fresh and seawater combines. cuspate forelands are triangular points of sediments. . sands are transported into various locations. So. Estuaries are at the river opening—a place where marine. In grandiose aspect. Continental drift and sea floor spreading are the theories underlying the Plate Tectonic Theory. River delta is the dropping point of rivers and streams sediments. due to thermohaline circulation. One result is the swirling of water in a circling movement. water then. On the other hand.of the basaltic magma. Stream mouth is the intersection of the streams and creeks.8 What are different ways that earth materials are moved around in the oceans? Plate movement deep in the ocean results to various movements. . Tidal flats are non-waving sediment areas which sediments came from . This carries the water and destroys the shorelines.
oxygen and argon and some ozone. The temperature of this air is usually affected by the radiation. water vapor and carbon dioxide. .the current of tides and rivers. . One underlying reason is that the floor is shallow so the innermost part of the wave bounces on the floor and results to decreasing of its height as it approaches the shoreline. Last type of shorelines is the sandgravel beach shoreline that sediments have been a product of accumulation of waves and currents.1 What is the composition of the Earth’s atmosphere? Sea level has dry air that comprises of nitrogen.2 What are the four major layers of the Earth’s atmosphere? Describe each layer briefly. ionosphere. Atmosphere . stratosphere and troposphere.e.10 Why do waves change as they approach shorelines? Waves as it comes closer to the shorter usually decreases its height compared to when it started off. Atmosphere has various oxidizing layers i. mesosphere. The lowest layer is the . pressure and photochemical process.
4 How would you describe the ozone layer? Why is the ozone layer important? In the planet atmosphere. carbon dioxide and methane. Following is the stratosphere where altitude and temperature are rapid and abrupt.3 What is the greenhouse effect? Greenhouse effect is the result of the heating of the planet and of the atmosphere that is due to gases like water vapor. It is comprised of Ozone or (O3) and it usually absorbs 98% of the ultraviolet light of the sun. Hubble and satellites travel in—this is where huge variation in temperature happens. These gases alter the Earth’s energy through the absorption of radiation of the sun—one that is detrimental in the possibility of life in the planet. . Mesosphere is on the mid-portion where ozone is produced as the temperature decreases. one can find the ozone layer. Ionosphere is characterized with ionized particles. clouds and weather. The exosphere is the escape space of atoms and molecules while the magnetosphere is the outermost portion that holds the Van Allen radiation belt and one can find magnetic field and solar wind. .troposphere which constitute of water vapor. Thermosphere is where the Space Shuttle. Ozone is specifically located on the .
This is discovered by Charles Fabry and Henri Buisson in 1913.bottom portion of the stratosphere with thickness varying. season and weather of the planet. the sun. year.26 times and rotating in its own axis at 23.4 degrees dictates the day. The atmosphere protects the planet from too much sun and from the hazards of certain gases—which made life possible. Ozone layer is essential because it is a protector of the planet from the UV-B of the sun rays. The moon’s pulling and gravity results to tides and controls the rotation of Earth. Theoretically. the sun keeps the earth temperature livable unlike in other neighboring planets. In understanding Coriolis effect. Earth revolving in the sun 366. one has to comprehend Newton’s First Law. and the rotation of the Earth? Sun. . an object that moves from equator to north is faster than an object that moves from equator to south. And lastly. An .6 What is the Coriolis effect? Coriolis Effect explains the large scale weather patterns which makes the swirling of water deep in various motions. . atmosphere and the planet’s rotation are elements that affect life forms of the Earth.5 What is the relationship among the Earth’s atmosphere. Spherical Geometry of the Earth and the Centripetal Acceleration.
hydrosphere.7 How would you define climate? The Climate system of most commonly known as climate is defined as the numerical records from atmosphere. carbon and nitrogen are elements affecting the climate. This phenomenon happens when the atmospheric and oceanic substances meet and produces various variations in the weather. barometric pressure and other chemical processes. These figures are recorded to know the relationship of a certain temperature found in a specific place with humidity.object when one moves it faster than the rotation of the earth. object on the east will seem to fly while the object on the west will seem to fall and the gravity will keep the two objects a mile radius away from the Earth. too much carbon dioxide. . Atmospheric issues such as global warming. This resulted into a spinning vortex—thus. cryosphere and biosphere. . . the Coriolis Effect which is characterized by deflection.8 How does the atmosphere regulate climate? Atmosphere regulates climate through the direct relationship of temperature and weather. greenhouse effect and the likes usually elevate and worsen the weather condition of the planet. Example.
arid.. Mediterranean is characterized by mild winter and hot dry summer. tropical. temperate. . Tropical is where the season is hot and wet and it is 12 hours day light every day. Tundra is where floras exist closer to the ground due to the extreme cold weather and where life existence is miniscule. Mediterranean and tundra. Temperate climate is cold winter and mild summer while polar is extreme cold and extreme dry annually.9 What are the six global climate zones? What are the main climate effects on people and the environment? The six global climate zones are polar.
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