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Stratum and Non Access Stratum.These are the parameters that are common for all the UEs in the same cell and are traditionally broadcasted in all the wireless technologies. UEs use this information for mutliple purposes, m ainly system access and other idle mode procedures like cell selection,reselecti on etc. In LTE, main system information consists of the following: 1.Master Information Block (MIB) : MIB gives information about the most importan t parameters like SFN,system bandwidth and HICH configuration. It is transmitted every 40 ms and the scheduling information is standardised. 2. System Information Block1: SIB1 is scheduled every 80 ms. SIB1 broadcasts cel l access related parameters -cell identifier (plmn id,cell id), qrxlevmin,cell s pecific timers and the scheduling information for all other SIBs. 3.System Information Block2: SIB2 provides information about common and shared channels-rach,prach,bcch,dlsch,ulsch etc. 4.System Information Block 3 to 8 provides information required for cell resele ction. SI3 provides information on intrafrequency cell reselection except neighbour cel l information.SIB4 provides info on neighbour cell informations. SIB5 is for int erfrequency cell reselection,SIB6 is for UTRAN,SIB7 for GERAN and SIB8 for CDMA related cell reselection. UE reads the system information during the initial attach process and whenever it is camped to a new cell, it reads the relevent sysinfos.If some System Infor mation value is changed, the network pages the UE telling the UEs that system in formation is changed and UEs will read the system info during the next modificat ion cycle.Modification cycle is a cell specific parameter that is signalled in the sib2.Whenever the UE receives a paging indicating sib modification, it will invalidate all the sysinfos and retrieve all the sysinfos again. LTE INITIAL NETWORK CAMPING Initial Network Camping: ==================== What will happen when a mobile is switched on? The first thing the mobile has to do is to find a suitable network and camp to it. For LTE mobiles, camping happens through following steps: 1.Mobile scans the available frequency band for finding a suitable cell.First t hing, mobile should know is the presence of LTE cell. It is done using some pre defined sequence known as Primary Synchronisation Signal (PSS). PSS is transmit ted at a specific time during specific frequencies and at specific position (T o be mroe technical, PSS is transmitted at the last OFDM symbol in first and 11t h slots for FDD LTE and third symbol of 3rd and 13th slots for TDD). PSS is a Za doff-Chu sequence, There are three such sequences defined and the sequence trans mitted corresposnds to cells Physial cell ID group. 2. Once the mobile has got the PSS, next level is SSS-Secondary Synchronisation Signal. SSS is transmitted in the same slots as PSS. For FDD, it is transmitted one symbol before PSS. For TDD it is transmitted 3 symbols before. 168 values fo r SSS are defined each corresponding to a Physical Cell ID.Once the mobile deco des SSS, it comes to know ===>Physical Cell ID (From the pattern transmitted) ===>Frame boundaries (Different patterns for slot 0/slot11, hence can kno w the slot in which it is transmitted,from the slot boundaries already known by PSS, Frame boundaries can be detected) ===>FDD/TDD -Since the slots in which PSS/SSS is transmitted is different , once we know the slot boundary, Duplex tech can be known
PUCCH. LTE rrc connection establishment is used to make transition from rrc idle to rrc connected state 2. Max retransmission threshhold in UL. 3gpp spec 36. config index) h.This message contains the configuratio n information for SRB1 a. It gives the most important parame ters like SFN.service request. if SSS is in symbol 5 or 6 is underst ood. It gives information about the cells capabilities.Trigge red by the NAS layers on attach. common and shared channels.PBR..htm l 3. Further Reading 1. the UMTS Long term evolution:From theory to Practice http://www.. 5.access restrictions etc.===> CP length (By blind decoding.PUSCH) d.CQI reporting ( resource to send.CG c. of antennas) 5.mo signalling. Re-ordering timer & status prohibit tim er for DL b.Poll retransmission time r.T300 expiry or cell reselection before completion of the procedure 2.LTE.hbw) g.UE sends RRC connection request after the random access procedure in SRB0/CCCH /UL-SCH/PUSCH.Scheduling Request (resource index. mo data.Reference Signals: Once the UE has identified the synchronisation signals-PSS and SSS.steepestascent.no cause only a wait timer T302. pmi/ri etc) f.Network sends RRC Connection Response back to the UE in SRB0/CCCH/DL-SCH/PDSCH . mt access.Poll Byte. 4. RLC configuration for UL & DL -Poll PDU. registered mme (if available) and nas information Failure Cases ============== 1.paging. extended CP.Logical Channel Configuration : Priority.RRC connection Reject . No N300 c .detach.please refer the below link http://www. Once the SIBs are decoded. If you want a very much deep understanding on synchronisation sequences . Always initiated by UE. If it is in 6 normal CP.Till the timer expires cant send another rrc connection request Higher layers need to initiate new connection establishment procedure. Sounding Reference Signal (bw. mobile can access t he network using common channels like RACH.Bandwidth and CFICH format. high pri ority access). ( though can be triggered by nw by DL paging).101 2. it will use the reference signals for RSRP/RSRQ measurements and report ing. If it is in 5.selected pl mn id.com/LTE-UMTS-Long-Term-Evolution/dp/0470697164 RRC CONNECTION ESTABLISHMENT IN LTE 1.Uplink Power Control(p0 & delta values) e. of antenna ports. UE sends rrc connection setup complete with transation idetnifier. Arrival is informed to the UE in PDCCH.subframe. Message contents are ue identity (stmsi or a randomn identity) an d the establishment cause (emergency.amazon.Decoding SIBs: SIBs contain all the required information for initial access to the cell.com/content/mediaassets/html/LTE/Help/SynchSignals.extended servi ce request.TAU.UE starts the timer T300. no. 3. MIB is transmitted every 40 ms.Configuration Information for Physical channels (PDSCH. Antenna Configuration (no.Decoding of PBCH : PBCH corresponds to MIB.fixed s cheduling 4.
When rrc connection is terminate d.configuring and r eporting of measurements. eSM:-eSM is concerned with the EPS bearers and PDN connectivity. error detection and retransmissions. An EPS bearer is a PD N connection + a defined QOS (QCI)+Aggregate Guaranteed and Maximum Bit rate (op tional) + TFT There can be multiple EPS Bearers associated with a PDN connection. scheduling an d dynamic resource allocation. EMM Registered state:UE goes to EMM registered when the UE attaches to the netwo rk. Main procedure s supported are the activation of default and dedicated (EPS)bearers. RLC:.pdn connectivity/dsiconnect. by flow control. In ECM connected state.bearer reso urce modification.oncept What is the need for LTE technology /What are the major features of LTE? Higher bandwidth ( 300 Mbps DownLink. 75 Mbps UL) What are the states RRC-IDLE. UE moves to ECM IDLE as well. When UE goes to ECM IDLE. It happens after the UE is in RRC Connected state and UE activated a PDN Connec tion.ie attach.paging etc. What is a TFT? Traffic Flow Template is the set of all packet filter associated with an EPS bea rer.RLC is responsible for ensuring the QOS. UE can directly reached by the network.configuring the lower layers. NAS LAYERS: eMM: eMM is concerned with the mobility procedures. detach and tracki ng area update procedures. ie contexts are still maintained in P-GW. Describe the LTE protocol stack: L1-L1 is based on OFDMA in downlink and SC-FDMA in Uplink. . UE is known at cell level and there is a context availab le in eNB.direct transfer of NAS messages.There is an S1 connection present.EPS bearer contexts are still available(may be out of s ync). handovers. It will always check for sche duling assignment in the control channel. sec urity (ciphering and integrity) and storing and forwarding of the packets during handover.MAC layer is mainly concerned with the transmission of pdus. What is the difference between PDN Connection and EPS Bearer? A PDN Connection is the connection between a UE & PDN GW. Layer1 is concerned with actual transmission of the broadband signal. RRC:-RRC is used for assigning/modifying/releasing the bearers. PDCP:Packet Data Convergence protocol is responsible for header compression. there is a signalling connection between EPC and the UE.A packet filter may be associated with a protocol or an ip address or port a ddress.security.RRC-CONNECTED? EMM-REGISTERED/DEREGISTERED? ECM-CON NECTED/IDLE? In RRC Connected state. UE is known to MME in registered state and is not known in emm deregistered state. MAC:.
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