Name: SHRIPRASAD Roll number: 521124048 Learning centre: 03248 Subject: MB 0051- Legal Aspects of Business Assignment No.

: Set 1&2

Q1. Discuss the nature and significance of business law? Ans:-The term law is used in many senses: you may speak of the law of physics, mathematics, science, or the laws of the football or health. In its widest sense, law means any rule of conduct, standard or pattern, to which actions are required to conform; if not conformed, sanctions are imposed. When we speak of the law of a State, we use the term law in a special and strict sense Significance of law 1.Law is a body of rules:These rules prescribe the conduct, standard or pattern to which actions of the persons in the state are required to conform. However, all rules of conduct do not become law in the strict sense. We resort to various kinds of rules to guide our lives. For example, our conduct may be guided by a rule such as “do not be arrogant” or “do not be disrespectful to elders or women”. These are ethical or moral rules by which our daily lives are guided. If we do not follow them, we may lose our friends and their respect, but no legal action can be taken against us. 2.Law is for the guidance or conduct of persons :– both human and artificial. The law is not made just for the sake of making it. The rules embodied in the law are made, so as to ensure that actions of the persons in the society conform to some predetermined standard or pattern. This is necessary so as to ensure continuance of the society. No doubt, if citizens are self –enlightened or self –controlled disputes may be minimized, but will not be eliminated. Rules are, therefore, drawn up to ensure that members of the society may live and work together in an orderly manner. Therefore, if the rules embodied in the law are broken, is used to enforce obedience, and certain consequences ensue. 3.Law is imposed :- Law is imposed on the members to bring about an order in the group, enabling it to continue and prosper. It is not something which may or may not be obeyed at the sweet will of the members of society. If you cannot impose a rule it is better not to have it. Thus, law is made obligatory on the members of the society. 4.Law is enforced by the executive :Obviously, unless a law is enforced it ceases to be a law and those persons subject to it will regard it as dead. For example if A steals Bs bicycle, he may be prosecuted by a court and may be punished. Also, the court may order the restitution of the bicycle to its rightful owner i.e., B. If the government passes many laws but does not attempt to enforce them, the citizens lose their respect for government and law, and society is greatly weakened. The force used is known as sanction which the state administers to secure obedience to its laws. 5.The state :- A state is a territorial division, with people there in subject to a uniform system of law administered by some authority of the state. Thus, law presupposes a state. 6.Content of law :-The law is a living thing and changes throughout the course of history. Law responds to public opinion and changes accordingly. Law can never be static. Therefore, amendments are made in different laws from time to time. For example, the Monopolistic and Restrictive Trade Practices Act,1969, has been subjected to many amendments since its inception in 1969. 7.Two basic ideas involved in law :The two basic ideas involved in any law are: (i) to maintain some form of social order in a group and

(ii) to compel members of the group to be within that order. These basic ideas underlie formulation of any rules for the members of a group. A group is created because first, there is a social instinct in the people to live together and secondly, it helps them in self-preservation. Rules are made by the members of the group, so that the group does whither away 8.Law is made to serve some purpose which may be social, economic or political :Some examples of law in the widest sense of the term. Law in its widest sense may include: (i)Moral rules or etiquettes, the non-observance of which may lead to public ridicule, (ii)Law of the Land the non-observance of which may lead to arrest, imprisonment, fines, etc., (iii)Rules of international law, the non-observance of which may lead to social boycott, tradesanctions, cold war, hot war, proxy war, etc.
2. Define contract of indemnity. Describe the rights of the indemnifier and the indemnity holder. 3. What is Partnership? Briefly state special features of a partnership on the basis of which its existence can be determined under the Indian Partnership Act? 4. What remedies are available to a seller for breach of contract of sale? 5. Examine the rights of a consumer enshrined under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986. 6. Write short notes on the following: a. Copy right b. License Fall/August 2012

Master of Business Administration - Semester 3 MB 0051: “Legal Aspects of Business (4 credits)
(Book ID: B1207)

Marks 60 Note: Each Question carries 10 marks 1. “All agreement are not contracts but all contacts are agreements”. Comment. 2. What do you mean by bailment? What are the requisites of a contract of bailment? Explain. 3. What do you mean by del credere agent? 4. What do you mean by Memorandum of Association? What does it contain? 5. Name the instruments which are recognized as negotiable instruments by the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881. 6. Write short notes on the following: a. Digital Signature b. Information Technology Act
Fall/August 2012

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