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Trigonometrijski identiteti cos2 = sin2 = 1 ctg 2 = 1 + tg 2 1 + ctg 2 tg 1 = 2 1 + ctg 1 + tg 2

2 n

Tejlorov polinom Pn (x, a) =


i=0

f (i) (a) (x a)i i!

sin( ) = sin cos cos sin cos( ) = cos cos tg ( ) = sin sin tg tg 1 tg tg cos 2 2 + cos 2 2 + sin 2 2 cos2 1 + cos = 2 2 1 tg 2 2 1 + tg 2 2

sin sin = 2 sin cos + cos = 2 cos

cos cos = 2 sin sin2 1 cos = , 2 2 2tg 2 , 1 + tg 2 2 tg =

sin =

cos = 2tg 2 1 tg 2 2

Slemilh-Roov oblik ostatka s p (x )n+1 xa Rn (x) = f (n+1) () x p n! Lagranev oblik ostatka z (p = n + 1, = a + (x a) za 0 < < 1) (x a)n+1 (n+1) f (a + (x a)) Rn (x) = (n + 1)! Koijev oblik ostatka s (p = 1, = a + (x a) za 0 < < 1) (x a)n+1 (1 )n Rn (x) = f (n+1) (a + (x a)) n! Peanov oblik ostatka Rn (x) = o ((x a)n ) 2 n x x +... + + o(xn ) ex = 1 + x + 2! n! x3 x5 x2n1 sin x = x + . . . + (1)n1 + o(x2n ) 3! 5! (2n 1)! x4 x2n x2 cos x = 1 + . . . + (1)n + o(x2n+1 ) 2! 4! (2n)! x3 xn x2 + . . . + (1)n1 + o(xn ) ln(1 + x) = x 2 3 n 2 n (1 + x) = 1 + x+ x +...+ x + o(xn ) 1 2 n Integrali i integracija xr dx = ax dx = , ln |x| ,
r+1 r+1

ab arctg a arctg b = arctg 1 ab Granine vrednosti c sin x =1 x x 1 =e lim 1 + x x loga (1 + x) lim = loga e x0 x a (1 + x) 1 =a lim x0 x
x0

lim

x0 x0

lim

1 1 cos x = x2 2

ax ln a

za r = 1 za r = 1

ex dx = ex sin x dx = cos x

cos x dx = sin x

lim (1 + x)1/x = e ax 1 = ln a x0 x lim

Izvodi C =0 (x ) = x1 , x > 0, R (ax ) = ax ln a, (ex ) = ex 1 1 (loga x) = , (ln x) = x ln a x (sin x) = cos x (cos x) = sin x 1 1 (tg x) = (ctg x) = 2 cos2 x sin x 1 1 (arccos x) = (arcsin x) = 1 x2 1 x2 1 1 (arctg x) = (arcctg x) = 1 + x2 1 + x2 n n (nk) (k) (n) (uv) = u v Lajbnicova f-la k
k=0

dx dx = tg x = ctg x 2x cos sin2 x dx dx = arctg x = arcsin x 2 1 + x2 1x dx = ln x + x2 1 x2 1 dx 1 1+x = ln 2 1x 2 1x x 2t 1 t2 2dt t = tg , sin x = , cos x = , dx = 2 2 1+t 1 + t2 1 + t2 u dv = uv
n

v du
r

u = u(x), v = v(x) u = x ili u =

R(x, u m , . . . , u s ) dx

ax + b cx + d smena u = tk , za k = nzs(m, . . . , s) Prava

15. april 2002. Sva prava zadrana z Danilo Segan mm01142@alas.matf.bg.ac.yu Razdela dozvoljena ukoliko je ova poruka prisutna na svakom primerku.