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Our solar system

How far and how big

-Scientists have calculated that the sun is one hundred times the size of earth. -Earth is four times the size of the moon. - The distance from earth to the sun is 400 times the distance from earth to the moon.

The sun and the nine planets are part of the solar system. The nine planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. The sun is in the centre of the solar system. All the nine planets move around the sun in a large oval path. The planets also spin by itself. -Asteroids are huge chunks of rocks that travel round the sun. - Comets have long glowing tails. - Meteors are tiny rocks which probably come from the asteroid belt.

The earth and the universe


Pluto Pluto is very cold because it is very far from the sun

Mercury It is too close to the sun. The temperature is too hot to support life. Venus A great amount of the heat from the sun is trapped in its atmosphere. This makes it hotter than Mercury.

Earth It has water, air and suitable temperature to support live. Mars Almost all of its water is frozen. Scientists have not found any live there. Jupiter It is so big that all the other planets could fit inside it.

Saturn Saturn has three wide rings. They can be seen with a telescope. Uranus Unlike the other planets, Uranus is lying on its side as it goes round the sun. Neptune Neptune is covered with a blue ocean of liquid methane.