British 21 inch torpedo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

There have been several British 21-inch (53 cm) diameter torpedoes used by the Royal Navy since their first development just before the First World War. They were the largest size of torpedo in common use in the RN. They were used by surface ships and submarines rather than aircraft which used smaller 18 inch torpedoes.

1 21 inch Mark I 2 21 inch Mark II 3 21 inch Mark IV 4 21 inch Mark V 5 21 inch Mark VII 6 21 inch Mark VIII 7 21 inch Mark X 8 21 inch Mark XI 9 21 inch Mark 12 10 21 inch Mark 20 Bidder 11 21 inch Mark 21 Pentane 12 21 inch Mark 22 13 21 inch Mark 23 Grog 14 Mark 24 Tigerfish 15 Spearfish 16 See also 17 Notes 18 References 19 External links

The first British 21 inch torpedo came in two lengths "Short" at 17 ft 10.5 in (5.45 m), and "Long" at 23 ft 1.25 in (7.04 m). The explosive charge was 200 lb of gun cotton increased later to 225 lb.

The Mark II, chiefly used by destroyers, entered service in 1914. Apart from some older British ships, it was used with the old US (destroyers for bases agreement) destroyers provided to the UK during the early part of the Second World War. The running speed was reduced from 45 knots (over 3,000 yards) for better reliability. The Mark II*, an improved Mark II was used by battleships and battlecruisers. A wet heater design, it could run for 4.1 km (4,500 yd) at 45 knots (83 km/h)

21 inch Mark II
Type Place of origin heavy torpedo United Kingdom

Service history
In service Used by Wars c. 1914- Second World War RN First World war, Second World War

Production history

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1916- Production history Designed c.896 m) 21 inch (533 mm) TNT 515 lb (234 kg) Burner cycle 8. 1910 Specifications Diameter Warhead Warhead weight Engine Operational range Speed 21 inch TNT 400-515 lb wet heater 8. used by destroyers and other surface ships and was an important weapon in the first World War. by the Kent-class heavy cruisers. In the Second World War they were carried on HMS Hood.000 . the free encyclopedia http://en. 1912 Specifications Weight Length Diameter Warhead Warhead weight Engine Operational range Speed 3.500 yards 25 .000 yards max depending on model 29 to 35 knots From 1912. Type Place of origin 21 inch Mark V torpedo United Kingdom 1917 Production history Designed Specifications 2 dari 6 18/11/2012 1:31 . with modification.5 in (6.British 21 inch torpedo Designed c.Wikipedia.35 knots The Mark V was used by the A and B destroyers and.206 lb (1. 21 inch Mark IV Type Place of origin torpedo United Kingdom Service history In service c.454 kg) 22 ft 7.

200 m) 35 knots Specifications:[1] Mark VIII Entered Service: 1927 Weight: 3.000 yd) to 12. cruisers with 8-inch guns. 21 inch Mark VII Type Place of origin heavy torpedo United Kingdom Service history In service Used by Second World War RN Production history Designed 1920s Specifications Length Diameter Warhead Warhead weight Engine Operational range Speed 25 ft 6 in (7.e.570 m) / 45.6 ft) (6.77 m) 21 inch TNT 740 lb (336 kg) oxygen enriched air 5. The power came from the use of oxygen enriched air.566 kg) Length: 259 inches (21.58 m) Explosive Charge: 750 lb (340 kg) TNT Range & Speed: 5. i.452 lb (1. the free encyclopedia http://en.600 yd) 40 knots (74 km/h) to 25 knots (46 km/h) The Mark VII was issued for use on the British heavy cruisers.700 yards (5.4 km (13.1 m (23 ft 4 in) 21 inch wet heater 4.British 21 inch torpedo Length Diameter Engine Operational range Speed 7.6 km (5.Wikipedia.570 m) / 40 knots Early Mark VIII** Range & Speed: 5.6 knots 3 dari 6 18/11/2012 1:31 .000 yards (4.000 yards (4. though torpedo stocks were converted to run on normal air at the start of the Second World War. Designed in the mid 1920s the County-class cruisers were built at the same time in the post Washington Naval Treaty period.

Wikipedia. The Mark VIII** was used in two incidents:On 9 February 1945 the Royal Navy submarine HMS Venturer (P68) sank the German U-boat U-864 with four Mark VIII** torpedoes. One such engine explosion. From 1952. This led to several of frigates intended to use them (Rothesay and Whitby classes) never being fitted with torpedo tubes or having them removed. motor torpedo boats and destroyers.[2] This is the only sinking of a surface ship by a nuclear powered submarine in wartime (And only the second sinking of a surface ship by any submarine since the end of WWII). the Mark 12 never reached production. the free encyclopedia http://en. On 2 May 1982 the Royal Navy submarine HMS Conqueror (S48) sank the Argentine cruiser ARA General Belgrano with three Mark VIII** torpedoes during the Falklands War.500 yd).British 21 inch torpedo . giving it a speed of 28 knots (52 km/h) for 5 km (5. caused enough damage to have the submarine taken permanently out of service. This is the only intentional wartime sinking of one submarine by another while both were submerged. 21 inch Mark 20 Type Place of origin torpedo United Kingdom Service history In service 1955-1980s 4 dari 6 18/11/2012 1:31 . the Mark 20 was a passive-seeker battery-powered torpedo for use by surface ships (the Mark 20E .4% of the total number). Entering service during the Second World War it was used by destroyers.732 being fired by September 1944 (56. The torpedo was still in service with the Royal navy as late as 1983.for "Escort") and submarines (Mark 20S).400 m) / 41 knots Explosive Charge: 805 lb (365 kg) Torpex Mark VIIIs loading to Polish Navy submarine ORP Sokół The Mark VIII was designed around 1925 and was the first British burner-cycle design torpedo. Mark 12 torpedoes were out of service in 1959 and the programme was cancelled. The principal World War II version was the improved Mark VIII**. There were accidents during testing caused by the unstable nature of HTP. From Explosive Charge: 722 lb (327 kg) Torpex Late Mark VIII** Range & Speed: 7. 3.000 yards (6. The E variant was not long in service due to problems with its programming. Codenamed first "Ferry" then "Fancy". Powered by high test peroxide. after loading on the submarine HMS Sidon. It was used from 1927 on submarines of O class onwards and motor torpedo boats. a warhead of 340 kg (750 lb) Torpex. Electric battery powered torpedo with a 322 kg (710 lb) TNT warhead.wikipedia.[3] Developed under the codename "Bidder". used by submarines. and with the Royal Norwegian Navy (Coastal Artillery: Kaholmen torpedobattery at Oscarsborg fortress) until 1993.

1950 Specifications Weight Length Diameter Warhead weight Engine Propellant Operational range Speed Guidance system 1. Tigerfish was removed from service in 2004. Entered service in the 1971 although already obsolescent.British 21 inch torpedo .Wikipedia.[4] It was cancelled after protracted work but the seeker development was used in Tigerfish.000 m) 20 knots passive sonar A project for an autonomous active/passive sonar torpedo to be carried by the Short Sturgeon anti-submarine It was replaced in the submarine service in the 1980s by Tigerfish. There were several models of Tigerfish due to the modifications made to tackle deficiencies. Designed Production history c.000 yards (11. A wireguided version of the Mark 20 produced by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering (VSEL) as a private venture A wireguided version of the Mark 20. the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia. Mark 24 Mod 0 Tigerfish Mark 24 Mod 1 Tigerfish Mark 24(N) Tigerfish Mark 24 Mod 2 Tigerfish Main article: Spearfish torpedo 5 dari 6 18/11/2012 1:31 . serving only as an interim before Tigerfish entered service.810 lb (821 kg) 6.46 m 21 inches 196 lb (89 kg) electric battery 12. Main article: Mark 24 Tigerfish The first Tigerfish (Mod 0) entered service in 1980.

^ / "British Torpedoes of World War II" (http://www.htm</ref|Title=Navweaps 2.php?title=British_21_inch_torpedo&oldid=517588620" Categories: Torpedoes of the United Kingdom This page was last modified on 13 October 2012 at 15:51. Kim Sengupta (2012-04-03).htm) .htm Retrieved from "http://en. "British Torpedos post World War II" (http://www. Archived from the original ( . The Independent (London).org/67MXXmil5.independent.htm) .org/wiki/British_21_inch_torpedo British 18 inch torpedo List of torpedoes 1.htm Tony DiGiulian. Tony DiGiulian. http://www. 3.navweaps. ^ Brown.htm. Inc.u-net. 4. ^ http://www.Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia http://en. ^ http://www.navweaps. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 6 dari 6 18/11/2012 1:31 . Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Colin. "British torpedoes Pre World War II" (http://www. additional terms may apply. Tony / /WTBR_PostWWII.navweaps.wikipedia.British 21 inch torpedo . a non-profit organization. "Sinking the Belgrano: the Pinochet connection" (http://www.htm) . http://www.html?origin=internalSearch) on 2012-05-02. See Terms of Use for details. Retrieved 2012-05-02.

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