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This handout is meant to give a brief overview of basic SBL style rules. For an exhaustive list of guidelines, please see the SBL Manual in the ALPHA Center.
SOURCES There are two kinds of sources: Primary: study or data written by someone with firsthand observation. Secondary: study or data written by someone with secondary information. WHAT TO DOCUMENT All information that is new knowledge to you All paraphrased information Direct quotations It is better to over document rather than to under document. In general, you should probably document at least once per paragraph.
FOOTNOTES Microsoft Word will set up a footnote for you. When you get to a place in your text where you use an outside source, place your cursor at the end of the sentence after the period. Then, go to the Insert command and select Footnote. This gives you an option to either use footnotes or endnotes. Select your choice of either footnote or endnote, and make sure the Numbering selection is on Autonumbering and Arabic number system (1,2,3). This process will place a raised number where the cursor is in the text and move your cursor to the proper place to type in the bibliographic information on that source. A citation needs 2 things in general: the author’s full name at the start of the borrowed material and a footnote citation at the end of the borrowed material (not necessarily always the end of a quotation). For directly cited words, use quotation marks; however, footnotes must be used whether material is cited or paraphrased. Quotes that are longer than 5 lines must be blocked. Indent the block quote, singlespace it, and do not use quotation marks. Use a 10-point font for footnotes. A fine-width, 2-inch-long horizontal line should divide the text of your paper from the footnotes at the bottom of the page. The first line of each footnote entry is indented ½ inch; all other lines of that citation should be flush left. Keep entries single-spaced with a double space between them.
n. See the SBL handbook for abbreviations. “Looking Through the Open Window. 2. use an abbreviated note. 3. New Generation of the Church (New York: Random. 7.org/modules. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools.” 2 (1994): 132-33. Subsequent citation: 7 Dembski.” BTB 32. 6. Sample Entries of Footnotes: 1. give a detailed note with the following information: • author’s first and last name • title of the source in italics • publishing information in parentheses • page numbers (comma before page numbers if it’s a book. [cited 2 December 2004].epnet. [cited 14 July 2005]. Internet Source: 31 Erik Tryggestad.p. 2/7/07 . Miller.: InterVarsity. Design. 1st citation: 4 Ronald Dembski. (e. Regular Footnote.com. it is not found exactly in any source.php?name=News&file. Design Revolution (Downer’s Grove.christianchronicle.” JCS 43 (2001): n. Common sources in the scholarly world of Biblical studies are abbreviated.For the first mention of a source.. Worthier. 4 (May/June 2001): 35-36. Online: http://www. No author or page number 26 JECS. 8. “Life. 2004). Ill. “Bringing New Hope to the Black Hills. but this is how I infer it since Augustine spoke Latin.g. Online: http://0-web110. 4. if there are no page numbers in the source) 29 Norman P. no. Torgeson et al. so he used must have used a Latin form of the Bible though I highly doubt it was Jerome’s Vulgate. “The Early Church in Community. 2004). BTB = Biblical Theology Bulletin) A footnote may also be used to insert information not needed in the body of the paper or intrusive to the flow of the paper but helpful to the audience or to give background information.p. colon before page numbers if it’s an article) For each subsequent mention of that source. Database: (use n. 127. Three or more authors (or editors): 14 Sean K. 238. Personal information: 15 I assume this fact. 5. 85. Abbreviations with common sources: 22 Stanley T.p.” Christian Chronicle.
Include a subsequent page number on the Bibliography page. Make sure the individual entries are single-spaced with a double space between each entry. Margaret Dean. Only include works that are recoverable in the Bibliography (no personal communications. and write out the author’s full name. Peabody. really are the same thing. 4. Book with one author: Fender. Book with an author and editor: Schillebeeckx. Spiritual Heights: Climbing God’s Holy Mountain. Also. Book with an editor: Collins. 1992. Edited by Robert J. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. 3. ed. Kristen Sparks. magazines. Wesley T. or e-mails). Gloria T. Calif.: Westinghouse. Pasadena. i. italicized. Capitalize all main wording.e. 1999. or bolded and in 12-point font. then the Bibliography should be on page 13. Reading New Testament Greek. Double space after the word. 1986. SBL style prefers italicizing. Sample Entries of Bibliographies: 1. etc. Multiple authors: (write them all out in the Bibliography) Scott. Faith or Doubt? A look into the Life of Thomas. The word BIBLIOGRAPHY (in caps) should be centered two inches from the top of the page. Check the SBL handbook for the abbreviations of states (usually 3-5 letters). do not include the Bible as it is a standard source for SBL. The first line of an entry is flush left. all other lines are indented five spaces. Edward.: Hendrickson. Mass. 2/7/07 . if the last page of the paper was 12. 2. 1993.. interviews. While underlining and italicizing for books. Bernard Brandon. you must provide a list of works cited in your paper but not those merely consulted (unless specifically indicated by your professor). Schreiter. The Schillebeeckx Reader. and Frances LaZar. New York: Random.BIBLGIOGRAPHY PAGE At the end of your paper. journals. not underlined.
epnet. Because of the fluctuation within electronic media.com or .” 15. some of the data which should be included on the Reference page is frequently missing. it is important to carefully determine the credibility of electronic sources. Article in a Journal: Fitzer. Periodical with no author + Page number interruption: (start with journal title) Theology Today.netlibrary.” No pages.5.” Journal of Modern Christian Studies 12.skepticalsforlife.” Journal of Church and State 43 (2001): 483-511. 1 (January 2003): 145-67. 7.org (non-profit organization) are more consistently credible than Web sites ending in . Contemporary. 2005. CITING ELECTRONIC SOURCES With electronic sources.gov (government agency). no. Cited 8 October 2003.org. Krister. Always include the entire URL but do not underline it. Norman P. enhancing their credibility. Cited 25 July 2006. 2/7/07 . Michael. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80. “The Days of the Old.com. Online: www. Vic: CSIRO. Web sites ending in . Edited by G. Nashville: Abingdon. E-Books: Pittock. 4 vols. “The Thoughts of a Skeptic. .edu (educational institution). A.net. Online: http://www. no. This is not always the case with electronic sources./articles/thoughts/00003847940386 /bender_michael/jumping/mind0989847960. Carol M. Sample Entries of Electronic Sources: 1. Buttrick. Internet Articles: (try to break long URL’s at some kind of punctuation) Bender. “Life. “Culture and Church Collide. and . Cited 24 November 2004. Article in an Encyclopedia or Dictionary: Stendahl. As a general rule. Climate Change: Turning Up the Heat. 2. 3. Barrie A. 6. 1962. Most articles that appear in journals or books have been reviewed and juried by several experts. “Biblical Theology. 82-85.html. Databases: Miller.com. but do not be alarmed if you cannot find everything. 1 of The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. Online: http://0-web110.” Pages 418-32 in vol. Collingwood. include as much data as you can find on your source.
Charles.proquest. Darwin.” No pages. Online: http://www.org/articles/behe_evolutionofaskeptic. Online: http://ebsocohost. Dembski. “The Days of the Old. 5 (May 2003): 32-35. 2/7/07 . com. Cited 24 October 2006. Oak Ridge. 2004. Michael. 82-85. Ronald. Ill. Cited 28 October 2006. Cited 27 October 2006. 55-56.: Westinghouse.” Church History 22. Cited 8 October 2006. 1860. “Intelligent Design Throughout History. Downer’s Grove. Online: www. and Ralph A.: InterVarsity. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. “And Congress Said.html.Sample SBL Bibliography Page: BIBLIOGRAPHY Behe. no. Daniel. 11 (November 2003): 59-72. Ronald. “The Evolution of a Skeptic. no. The Design Revolution. New York: Heritage.com.netlibrary. 1992. Monastersky. ‘Let There be Other Views.” 45. no. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80. ed. “Darwinism Under Attack. Theology Today. Wesley. 47 (June 2002): 28-45. Calif. Benjamin N. McMurtrie.” 15.origins.” Chronicle of Higher Education 48 (2001): A8.’ Or Did It?” Education Week 21. The Art in Teaching Science: Views from the Classroom. Corrine. no.com. “New Approach to Teaching Science Comes to Some Urban School Districts. Dembski. Hoff. Science Education Today.. L. Online: http://www.
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