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This handout is meant to give a brief overview of basic SBL style rules. For an exhaustive list of guidelines, please see the SBL Manual in the ALPHA Center.
SOURCES There are two kinds of sources: Primary: study or data written by someone with firsthand observation. Secondary: study or data written by someone with secondary information. WHAT TO DOCUMENT All information that is new knowledge to you All paraphrased information Direct quotations It is better to over document rather than to under document. In general, you should probably document at least once per paragraph.
FOOTNOTES Microsoft Word will set up a footnote for you. When you get to a place in your text where you use an outside source, place your cursor at the end of the sentence after the period. Then, go to the Insert command and select Footnote. This gives you an option to either use footnotes or endnotes. Select your choice of either footnote or endnote, and make sure the Numbering selection is on Autonumbering and Arabic number system (1,2,3). This process will place a raised number where the cursor is in the text and move your cursor to the proper place to type in the bibliographic information on that source. A citation needs 2 things in general: the author’s full name at the start of the borrowed material and a footnote citation at the end of the borrowed material (not necessarily always the end of a quotation). For directly cited words, use quotation marks; however, footnotes must be used whether material is cited or paraphrased. Quotes that are longer than 5 lines must be blocked. Indent the block quote, singlespace it, and do not use quotation marks. Use a 10-point font for footnotes. A fine-width, 2-inch-long horizontal line should divide the text of your paper from the footnotes at the bottom of the page. The first line of each footnote entry is indented ½ inch; all other lines of that citation should be flush left. Keep entries single-spaced with a double space between them.
it is not found exactly in any source. 2. [cited 14 July 2005]. Miller.. Personal information: 15 I assume this fact. Internet Source: 31 Erik Tryggestad.: InterVarsity.For the first mention of a source. use an abbreviated note. (e. Regular Footnote. New Generation of the Church (New York: Random.g. 8. No author or page number 26 JECS. See the SBL handbook for abbreviations. Design.” BTB 32. Torgeson et al. Abbreviations with common sources: 22 Stanley T. but this is how I infer it since Augustine spoke Latin.christianchronicle. give a detailed note with the following information: • author’s first and last name • title of the source in italics • publishing information in parentheses • page numbers (comma before page numbers if it’s a book. “Life. “Bringing New Hope to the Black Hills.epnet. 85. so he used must have used a Latin form of the Bible though I highly doubt it was Jerome’s Vulgate. Online: http://www. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools. “The Early Church in Community. BTB = Biblical Theology Bulletin) A footnote may also be used to insert information not needed in the body of the paper or intrusive to the flow of the paper but helpful to the audience or to give background information. no. 1st citation: 4 Ronald Dembski. colon before page numbers if it’s an article) For each subsequent mention of that source.php?name=News&file. 127. 4 (May/June 2001): 35-36. Ill.” JCS 43 (2001): n. Worthier. Sample Entries of Footnotes: 1. “Looking Through the Open Window.p.org/modules. Subsequent citation: 7 Dembski. 2/7/07 . Database: (use n. 2004). Common sources in the scholarly world of Biblical studies are abbreviated.com. [cited 2 December 2004].” Christian Chronicle.” 2 (1994): 132-33. Online: http://0-web110. 3. 7. n. if there are no page numbers in the source) 29 Norman P.p. 238. 6.p. 5. Three or more authors (or editors): 14 Sean K. 4. 2004). Design Revolution (Downer’s Grove.
Bernard Brandon. i. Reading New Testament Greek. not underlined. Calif. Pasadena. really are the same thing. Include a subsequent page number on the Bibliography page. Double space after the word. While underlining and italicizing for books. interviews. Schreiter. Book with an editor: Collins. The Schillebeeckx Reader. 1993. ed. italicized. The word BIBLIOGRAPHY (in caps) should be centered two inches from the top of the page. Margaret Dean. or e-mails). Make sure the individual entries are single-spaced with a double space between each entry. Edward. Multiple authors: (write them all out in the Bibliography) Scott. Edited by Robert J. Gloria T. do not include the Bible as it is a standard source for SBL. 2. journals. Only include works that are recoverable in the Bibliography (no personal communications. 4.: Hendrickson. then the Bibliography should be on page 13.e. 1999. if the last page of the paper was 12. Peabody. Also. Book with an author and editor: Schillebeeckx. Faith or Doubt? A look into the Life of Thomas. you must provide a list of works cited in your paper but not those merely consulted (unless specifically indicated by your professor).BIBLGIOGRAPHY PAGE At the end of your paper. and Frances LaZar. The first line of an entry is flush left. SBL style prefers italicizing. 1992. and write out the author’s full name. 2/7/07 . Spiritual Heights: Climbing God’s Holy Mountain. all other lines are indented five spaces. 1986. Sample Entries of Bibliographies: 1. Check the SBL handbook for the abbreviations of states (usually 3-5 letters). New York: Random.: Westinghouse. 3. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. magazines. Book with one author: Fender. Kristen Sparks. or bolded and in 12-point font. Capitalize all main wording. etc.. Mass. Wesley T.
2. Cited 24 November 2004. Online: http://0-web110. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80.com or . As a general rule. Because of the fluctuation within electronic media.5. Always include the entire URL but do not underline it. Article in a Journal: Fitzer. no. include as much data as you can find on your source.epnet. Barrie A. “The Days of the Old.org (non-profit organization) are more consistently credible than Web sites ending in . Web sites ending in . Cited 8 October 2003. Buttrick. 2/7/07 . no.gov (government agency). 2005. Collingwood.com.” 15. “The Thoughts of a Skeptic. Edited by G. “Life. E-Books: Pittock. Online: http://www. Climate Change: Turning Up the Heat. 4 vols.skepticalsforlife. 6.” Journal of Modern Christian Studies 12. Michael. CITING ELECTRONIC SOURCES With electronic sources. Online: www. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools. Nashville: Abingdon. some of the data which should be included on the Reference page is frequently missing. it is important to carefully determine the credibility of electronic sources.com. Krister. and .html. 1 of The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. Carol M. Contemporary. 3. 82-85. Periodical with no author + Page number interruption: (start with journal title) Theology Today. enhancing their credibility. This is not always the case with electronic sources.net. but do not be alarmed if you cannot find everything. “Culture and Church Collide. “Biblical Theology.org. Cited 25 July 2006. Most articles that appear in journals or books have been reviewed and juried by several experts. Sample Entries of Electronic Sources: 1. . 7.netlibrary./articles/thoughts/00003847940386 /bender_michael/jumping/mind0989847960.” No pages. Norman P. Databases: Miller. Internet Articles: (try to break long URL’s at some kind of punctuation) Bender.edu (educational institution).” Journal of Church and State 43 (2001): 483-511. Vic: CSIRO. A. 1962. 1 (January 2003): 145-67. Article in an Encyclopedia or Dictionary: Stendahl.” Pages 418-32 in vol.
5 (May 2003): 32-35. “And Congress Said. Dembski. 82-85. ed.. “Darwinism Under Attack.’ Or Did It?” Education Week 21. “New Approach to Teaching Science Comes to Some Urban School Districts.html. “The Evolution of a Skeptic. Online: http://ebsocohost.netlibrary. 1992.” Church History 22.” No pages. no. and Ralph A.” Chronicle of Higher Education 48 (2001): A8. The Art in Teaching Science: Views from the Classroom. Cited 8 October 2006. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80. Cited 27 October 2006. Cited 28 October 2006. 2004.” 15. Oak Ridge. Online: www. Calif. 55-56. Benjamin N.: Westinghouse. Hoff. Cited 24 October 2006. McMurtrie. L.com.Sample SBL Bibliography Page: BIBLIOGRAPHY Behe. Michael. 47 (June 2002): 28-45. Charles. 2/7/07 . “The Days of the Old. Darwin. Ill. The Design Revolution. Downer’s Grove. “Intelligent Design Throughout History. 11 (November 2003): 59-72.org/articles/behe_evolutionofaskeptic.: InterVarsity.com. Online: http://www. no. Ronald. ‘Let There be Other Views. Dembski. Ronald. Science Education Today. no. Online: http://www. New York: Heritage.proquest. Corrine. no.” 45. Monastersky. Theology Today. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Wesley.origins. Daniel. com. 1860.
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