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This handout is meant to give a brief overview of basic SBL style rules. For an exhaustive list of guidelines, please see the SBL Manual in the ALPHA Center.
SOURCES There are two kinds of sources: Primary: study or data written by someone with firsthand observation. Secondary: study or data written by someone with secondary information. WHAT TO DOCUMENT All information that is new knowledge to you All paraphrased information Direct quotations It is better to over document rather than to under document. In general, you should probably document at least once per paragraph.
FOOTNOTES Microsoft Word will set up a footnote for you. When you get to a place in your text where you use an outside source, place your cursor at the end of the sentence after the period. Then, go to the Insert command and select Footnote. This gives you an option to either use footnotes or endnotes. Select your choice of either footnote or endnote, and make sure the Numbering selection is on Autonumbering and Arabic number system (1,2,3). This process will place a raised number where the cursor is in the text and move your cursor to the proper place to type in the bibliographic information on that source. A citation needs 2 things in general: the author’s full name at the start of the borrowed material and a footnote citation at the end of the borrowed material (not necessarily always the end of a quotation). For directly cited words, use quotation marks; however, footnotes must be used whether material is cited or paraphrased. Quotes that are longer than 5 lines must be blocked. Indent the block quote, singlespace it, and do not use quotation marks. Use a 10-point font for footnotes. A fine-width, 2-inch-long horizontal line should divide the text of your paper from the footnotes at the bottom of the page. The first line of each footnote entry is indented ½ inch; all other lines of that citation should be flush left. Keep entries single-spaced with a double space between them.
” BTB 32. “Bringing New Hope to the Black Hills. Design. Torgeson et al. Abbreviations with common sources: 22 Stanley T. 3.: InterVarsity. Regular Footnote. but this is how I infer it since Augustine spoke Latin. if there are no page numbers in the source) 29 Norman P. Sample Entries of Footnotes: 1. 1st citation: 4 Ronald Dembski. it is not found exactly in any source. Ill. use an abbreviated note. Three or more authors (or editors): 14 Sean K.” Christian Chronicle. 4. 4 (May/June 2001): 35-36. 2.g.p. No author or page number 26 JECS.php?name=News&file. See the SBL handbook for abbreviations. no. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools. [cited 2 December 2004]. 127. 6. 5. Common sources in the scholarly world of Biblical studies are abbreviated.p. give a detailed note with the following information: • author’s first and last name • title of the source in italics • publishing information in parentheses • page numbers (comma before page numbers if it’s a book. BTB = Biblical Theology Bulletin) A footnote may also be used to insert information not needed in the body of the paper or intrusive to the flow of the paper but helpful to the audience or to give background information.com.epnet.. (e. “Life. Online: http://0-web110. Personal information: 15 I assume this fact. 85. Worthier.For the first mention of a source. 2004). colon before page numbers if it’s an article) For each subsequent mention of that source. 8. Online: http://www. New Generation of the Church (New York: Random. Miller. “The Early Church in Community. Internet Source: 31 Erik Tryggestad. [cited 14 July 2005]. 2004). “Looking Through the Open Window. Design Revolution (Downer’s Grove.” JCS 43 (2001): n. so he used must have used a Latin form of the Bible though I highly doubt it was Jerome’s Vulgate.christianchronicle.org/modules. 7. Database: (use n. n. 238.” 2 (1994): 132-33. Subsequent citation: 7 Dembski. 2/7/07 .p.
4. interviews. and Frances LaZar. Include a subsequent page number on the Bibliography page. Book with one author: Fender.: Westinghouse. then the Bibliography should be on page 13.: Hendrickson. 1986. Reading New Testament Greek. you must provide a list of works cited in your paper but not those merely consulted (unless specifically indicated by your professor). The first line of an entry is flush left. Make sure the individual entries are single-spaced with a double space between each entry. not underlined. Edited by Robert J. 1999. italicized. do not include the Bible as it is a standard source for SBL. Peabody. Multiple authors: (write them all out in the Bibliography) Scott. Schreiter. ed. 1992. if the last page of the paper was 12. Book with an author and editor: Schillebeeckx. Book with an editor: Collins. all other lines are indented five spaces. Only include works that are recoverable in the Bibliography (no personal communications. or bolded and in 12-point font. and write out the author’s full name. Pasadena. Edward. journals. Capitalize all main wording. 2/7/07 . 1993. New York: Random. or e-mails). really are the same thing. Calif. Faith or Doubt? A look into the Life of Thomas. i. Kristen Sparks. Check the SBL handbook for the abbreviations of states (usually 3-5 letters). The Schillebeeckx Reader. etc. Also. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. Sample Entries of Bibliographies: 1.e.BIBLGIOGRAPHY PAGE At the end of your paper. Margaret Dean. Double space after the word. While underlining and italicizing for books. 3. Wesley T. Bernard Brandon. SBL style prefers italicizing. The word BIBLIOGRAPHY (in caps) should be centered two inches from the top of the page. Gloria T. magazines. 2. Mass. Spiritual Heights: Climbing God’s Holy Mountain..
Edited by G. Collingwood.com. 2. some of the data which should be included on the Reference page is frequently missing.com or . “The Thoughts of a Skeptic. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools. A. Web sites ending in . This is not always the case with electronic sources.netlibrary. Online: www. it is important to carefully determine the credibility of electronic sources. Michael. Vic: CSIRO.org (non-profit organization) are more consistently credible than Web sites ending in .net. Because of the fluctuation within electronic media. “Culture and Church Collide. 2005. no.edu (educational institution). Cited 24 November 2004. Contemporary. 6. 1 (January 2003): 145-67. Databases: Miller.skepticalsforlife. Always include the entire URL but do not underline it.” Journal of Modern Christian Studies 12. As a general rule. Article in an Encyclopedia or Dictionary: Stendahl. Online: http://www.5. Internet Articles: (try to break long URL’s at some kind of punctuation) Bender. Most articles that appear in journals or books have been reviewed and juried by several experts.” Pages 418-32 in vol. Online: http://0-web110. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80. but do not be alarmed if you cannot find everything. E-Books: Pittock.” No pages.html.gov (government agency). . Carol M. 3. Krister. 1 of The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. 2/7/07 .” Journal of Church and State 43 (2001): 483-511. “The Days of the Old.epnet. Cited 8 October 2003. 1962. 4 vols. CITING ELECTRONIC SOURCES With electronic sources.com. 82-85. Cited 25 July 2006. “Life. Norman P. and .” 15. Article in a Journal: Fitzer. Periodical with no author + Page number interruption: (start with journal title) Theology Today. Climate Change: Turning Up the Heat. no.org. enhancing their credibility. include as much data as you can find on your source. Barrie A. Sample Entries of Electronic Sources: 1. 7. Buttrick. Nashville: Abingdon./articles/thoughts/00003847940386 /bender_michael/jumping/mind0989847960. “Biblical Theology.
Downer’s Grove. “Darwinism Under Attack. “And Congress Said. Michael. Charles.: InterVarsity.” Church History 22. no. Darwin.” 45. “New Approach to Teaching Science Comes to Some Urban School Districts. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80. Dembski. Cited 24 October 2006. Theology Today. Daniel.. no. Dembski. Ronald. Online: www. 1992. no. Ill. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. The Art in Teaching Science: Views from the Classroom. Hoff. Cited 8 October 2006. “The Days of the Old. 47 (June 2002): 28-45. no. Cited 27 October 2006.origins.” 15.proquest. com. Oak Ridge. Online: http://www. Corrine.” No pages. Online: http://ebsocohost. 1860. 2004.org/articles/behe_evolutionofaskeptic. The Design Revolution. 82-85. L. 55-56. and Ralph A. ed.html. “The Evolution of a Skeptic.netlibrary. Cited 28 October 2006. McMurtrie.Sample SBL Bibliography Page: BIBLIOGRAPHY Behe. Wesley. Calif.com. “Intelligent Design Throughout History.com. Science Education Today. Online: http://www. Benjamin N.’ Or Did It?” Education Week 21. Ronald. ‘Let There be Other Views. New York: Heritage. 5 (May 2003): 32-35.” Chronicle of Higher Education 48 (2001): A8. 2/7/07 . Monastersky. 11 (November 2003): 59-72.: Westinghouse.