SBL Documentation Tip Sheet

This handout is meant to give a brief overview of basic SBL style rules. For an exhaustive list of guidelines, please see the SBL Manual in the ALPHA Center.

SOURCES There are two kinds of sources: Primary: study or data written by someone with firsthand observation. Secondary: study or data written by someone with secondary information. WHAT TO DOCUMENT All information that is new knowledge to you All paraphrased information Direct quotations It is better to over document rather than to under document. In general, you should probably document at least once per paragraph.

FOOTNOTES Microsoft Word will set up a footnote for you. When you get to a place in your text where you use an outside source, place your cursor at the end of the sentence after the period. Then, go to the Insert command and select Footnote. This gives you an option to either use footnotes or endnotes. Select your choice of either footnote or endnote, and make sure the Numbering selection is on Autonumbering and Arabic number system (1,2,3). This process will place a raised number where the cursor is in the text and move your cursor to the proper place to type in the bibliographic information on that source. A citation needs 2 things in general: the author’s full name at the start of the borrowed material and a footnote citation at the end of the borrowed material (not necessarily always the end of a quotation). For directly cited words, use quotation marks; however, footnotes must be used whether material is cited or paraphrased. Quotes that are longer than 5 lines must be blocked. Indent the block quote, singlespace it, and do not use quotation marks. Use a 10-point font for footnotes. A fine-width, 2-inch-long horizontal line should divide the text of your paper from the footnotes at the bottom of the page. The first line of each footnote entry is indented ½ inch; all other lines of that citation should be flush left. Keep entries single-spaced with a double space between them.


8. Personal information: 15 I assume this fact. Abbreviations with common sources: 22 Stanley T. 7. so he used must have used a Latin form of the Bible though I highly doubt it was Jerome’s Vulgate.christianchronicle.g.For the first mention of a source. Ill. it is not found exactly in any source. Miller.php?name=News&file. 3. Online: http://0-web110.” 2 (1994): 132-33. Database: (use n. 2004). Design Revolution (Downer’s Grove. [cited 14 July 2005]. 2. “Life.p. 127. colon before page numbers if it’s an article) For each subsequent mention of that source. give a detailed note with the following information: • author’s first and last name • title of the source in italics • publishing information in parentheses • page numbers (comma before page numbers if it’s a book. Design. but this is how I infer it since Augustine spoke Latin. ( if there are no page numbers in the source) 29 Norman P. Torgeson et al. Online: http://www.epnet. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools. BTB = Biblical Theology Bulletin) A footnote may also be used to insert information not needed in the body of the paper or intrusive to the flow of the paper but helpful to the audience or to give background information. no. Subsequent citation: 7 Dembski. 2004). “Looking Through the Open Worthier. New Generation of the Church (New York: Random. [cited 2 December 2004]. No author or page number 26 JECS.” Christian Chronicle. use an abbreviated note. “The Early Church in Community. 85. n. 2/7/07 . 4. “Bringing New Hope to the Black Hills. Regular Footnote. 4 (May/June 2001): 35-36. Sample Entries of Footnotes: 1. 5. Internet Source: 31 Erik Tryggestad. 6..: InterVarsity. Three or more authors (or editors): 14 Sean K. 238.” JCS 43 (2001): n. Common sources in the scholarly world of Biblical studies are abbreviated. 1st citation: 4 Ronald Dembski.” BTB 32. See the SBL handbook for abbreviations.p.

not underlined. Capitalize all main wording. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. 1999. if the last page of the paper was 12. interviews. Book with one author: Fender. really are the same thing. and write out the author’s full name. Reading New Testament Greek.: Hendrickson. While underlining and italicizing for books. Book with an author and editor: Schillebeeckx. Wesley T. Include a subsequent page number on the Bibliography page. ed. Faith or Doubt? A look into the Life of Thomas. Check the SBL handbook for the abbreviations of states (usually 3-5 letters). italicized. 3. then the Bibliography should be on page 13. Also. 1992. Book with an editor: Collins. New York: Random. or e-mails). journals. Edward. Bernard Brandon. Kristen Sparks. magazines. Only include works that are recoverable in the Bibliography (no personal communications. etc. i. Gloria T. 2. do not include the Bible as it is a standard source for SBL. 1993. and Frances LaZar. Edited by Robert J. Multiple authors: (write them all out in the Bibliography) Scott. 1986.: Westinghouse. The first line of an entry is flush left. Double space after the word. 2/7/07 .e. 4. Peabody. Make sure the individual entries are single-spaced with a double space between each entry.BIBLGIOGRAPHY PAGE At the end of your paper. Schreiter. all other lines are indented five spaces. Spiritual Heights: Climbing God’s Holy Mountain. The Schillebeeckx Reader. Mass. or bolded and in 12-point font. Margaret Dean. The word BIBLIOGRAPHY (in caps) should be centered two inches from the top of the page. Calif. SBL style prefers italicizing. Pasadena. Sample Entries of Bibliographies: 1. you must provide a list of works cited in your paper but not those merely consulted (unless specifically indicated by your professor)..

A. CITING ELECTRONIC SOURCES With electronic sources. Cited 25 July 2006. no. This is not always the case with electronic sources. Krister. “The Days of the Old. 7.skepticalsforlife. Climate Change: Turning Up the Heat. Online: http://0-web110. Periodical with no author + Page number interruption: (start with journal title) Theology Today. enhancing their credibility. Article in a Journal: Fitzer. 2. (educational institution). Web sites ending in . include as much data as you can find on your (non-profit organization) are more consistently credible than Web sites ending in . Nashville: 1962. “Culture and Church Collide. As a general (government agency).com. Because of the fluctuation within electronic media. Norman P.” No pages. E-Books: Pittock. 2/7/07 . Databases: Miller. 82-85. it is important to carefully determine the credibility of electronic sources./articles/thoughts/00003847940386 /bender_michael/jumping/mind0989847960.” Journal of Modern Christian Studies 12. Buttrick. 1 (January 2003): 145-67. 4 vols. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools. Article in an Encyclopedia or Dictionary: Stendahl. Contemporary. Cited 8 October 2003. Edited by G. Online: http://www. Carol M.” Pages 418-32 in vol. 1 of The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. “Life. Michael. “The Thoughts of a Skeptic.netlibrary. Online: www. Most articles that appear in journals or books have been reviewed and juried by several experts.” Journal of Church and State 43 (2001): 483-511. Cited 24 November 2004. no. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80.5. some of the data which should be included on the Reference page is frequently missing. Barrie A. Vic: CSIRO. . Collingwood. “Biblical or . Always include the entire URL but do not underline it. 3. but do not be alarmed if you cannot find everything. Internet Articles: (try to break long URL’s at some kind of punctuation) Bender. and .html.epnet.” 15. Sample Entries of Electronic Sources: 1.

com. Ronald.” Church History 2/7/07 . Cited 8 October 2006.’ Or Did It?” Education Week 21. Dembski.netlibrary. Theology Today.. Wesley. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80. 55-56. 1992. no. ed.: InterVarsity. 5 (May 2003): 32-35. Dembski. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Hoff. The Art in Teaching Science: Views from the Classroom. no. “And Congress Said. Online: http://www. Corrine. Ronald. 11 (November 2003): Charles. Online: http://www. Oak Ridge. Cited 27 October 2006. New York: Heritage. Online: www.: Westinghouse. “Darwinism Under Attack. Calif.” 45.” Chronicle of Higher Education 48 (2001): A8. 2004. Daniel. Online: http://ebsocohost. 82-85. Michael. no. 47 (June 2002): 28-45. Ill. “The Days of the Old. “The Evolution of a Skeptic. Downer’s Grove. “New Approach to Teaching Science Comes to Some Urban School Districts. “Intelligent Design Throughout History. L. Science Education Today. 1860.Sample SBL Bibliography Page: BIBLIOGRAPHY Behe.proquest. Cited 24 October ‘Let There be Other Views.” 15. Cited 28 October 2006. Monastersky. McMurtrie. The Design Revolution. and Ralph A.” No pages. Benjamin N. no.html.

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