SBL Documentation Tip Sheet

This handout is meant to give a brief overview of basic SBL style rules. For an exhaustive list of guidelines, please see the SBL Manual in the ALPHA Center.

SOURCES There are two kinds of sources: Primary: study or data written by someone with firsthand observation. Secondary: study or data written by someone with secondary information. WHAT TO DOCUMENT All information that is new knowledge to you All paraphrased information Direct quotations It is better to over document rather than to under document. In general, you should probably document at least once per paragraph.

FOOTNOTES Microsoft Word will set up a footnote for you. When you get to a place in your text where you use an outside source, place your cursor at the end of the sentence after the period. Then, go to the Insert command and select Footnote. This gives you an option to either use footnotes or endnotes. Select your choice of either footnote or endnote, and make sure the Numbering selection is on Autonumbering and Arabic number system (1,2,3). This process will place a raised number where the cursor is in the text and move your cursor to the proper place to type in the bibliographic information on that source. A citation needs 2 things in general: the author’s full name at the start of the borrowed material and a footnote citation at the end of the borrowed material (not necessarily always the end of a quotation). For directly cited words, use quotation marks; however, footnotes must be used whether material is cited or paraphrased. Quotes that are longer than 5 lines must be blocked. Indent the block quote, singlespace it, and do not use quotation marks. Use a 10-point font for footnotes. A fine-width, 2-inch-long horizontal line should divide the text of your paper from the footnotes at the bottom of the page. The first line of each footnote entry is indented ½ inch; all other lines of that citation should be flush left. Keep entries single-spaced with a double space between them.


Abbreviations with common sources: 22 Stanley T. give a detailed note with the following information: • author’s first and last name • title of the source in italics • publishing information in parentheses • page numbers (comma before page numbers if it’s a book. 2004).p. Database: (use n. it is not found exactly in any source. Design Revolution (Downer’s Grove. no. 6. Miller.” BTB 32. New Generation of the Church (New York: Random. but this is how I infer it since Augustine spoke Latin. No author or page number 26 JECS. “Bringing New Hope to the Black Hills. 8. so he used must have used a Latin form of the Bible though I highly doubt it was Jerome’s Vulgate. Personal information: 15 I assume this fact.christianchronicle. 5. Three or more authors (or editors): 14 Sean K.g. 4 (May/June 2001): 35-36. Worthier. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools. use an abbreviated note.” 2 (1994): 132-33. Online: http://www.. “Looking Through the Open Window. [cited 14 July 2005]. 238. Torgeson et al.” Christian Chronicle. See the SBL handbook for abbreviations.” JCS 43 (2001): n. “The Early Church in Community. 3. BTB = Biblical Theology Bulletin) A footnote may also be used to insert information not needed in the body of the paper or intrusive to the flow of the paper but helpful to the audience or to give background information. 4. Subsequent citation: 7 Dembski. 2004). if there are no page numbers in the source) 29 Norman P. Regular Footnote.For the first mention of a source. Sample Entries of Footnotes: 1.p. Common sources in the scholarly world of Biblical studies are [cited 2 December 2004]. 2/7/07 . colon before page numbers if it’s an article) For each subsequent mention of that source.php?name=News&file. n. Design. 2. Ill. 1st citation: 4 Ronald Dembski. Online: http://0-web110. 127. “Life.epnet. (e.: InterVarsity. 85. Internet Source: 31 Erik Tryggestad.

Sample Entries of Bibliographies: 1. Book with an author and editor: Schillebeeckx. Book with one author: Fender.e.: Westinghouse. not underlined. 1992. Spiritual Heights: Climbing God’s Holy Mountain. Reading New Testament Greek. Book with an editor: Collins.: Hendrickson. and write out the author’s full name. SBL style prefers italicizing. Peabody. Capitalize all main wording. ed. really are the same thing. italicized. Edited by Robert J. 1986. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. Double space after the word. Gloria T. 3. Wesley T. The first line of an entry is flush left. Make sure the individual entries are single-spaced with a double space between each entry. Check the SBL handbook for the abbreviations of states (usually 3-5 letters). Bernard Brandon. if the last page of the paper was 12. magazines.. 1993. then the Bibliography should be on page 13. interviews. Mass. The Schillebeeckx Reader. Schreiter. 2/7/07 . Faith or Doubt? A look into the Life of Thomas. 4. 2. Include a subsequent page number on the Bibliography page. etc. The word BIBLIOGRAPHY (in caps) should be centered two inches from the top of the page. Multiple authors: (write them all out in the Bibliography) Scott. or e-mails). you must provide a list of works cited in your paper but not those merely consulted (unless specifically indicated by your professor). Kristen Sparks. all other lines are indented five spaces. Edward. Margaret Dean. 1999. New York: Random. do not include the Bible as it is a standard source for SBL. and Frances LaZar. Pasadena. journals. Calif. i. While underlining and italicizing for books. or bolded and in 12-point font. Only include works that are recoverable in the Bibliography (no personal communications. Also.BIBLGIOGRAPHY PAGE At the end of your paper.

no. the Universe and Everything Constitutional: Origins in the Public Schools. Most articles that appear in journals or books have been reviewed and juried by several experts. Online: www. Internet Articles: (try to break long URL’s at some kind of punctuation) Bender. Because of the fluctuation within electronic media. 82-85. enhancing their credibility. CITING ELECTRONIC SOURCES With electronic sources. Edited by G. Collingwood.” Pages 418-32 in vol. Always include the entire URL but do not underline it. Databases: Miller. 1 of The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. “The Thoughts of a Skeptic. 1962. Nashville: Web sites ending in . As a general rule.netlibrary. 2/7/07 . but do not be alarmed if you cannot find everything. 4 vols. . 2./articles/thoughts/00003847940386 /bender_michael/jumping/ Contemporary. Carol M. Periodical with no author + Page number interruption: (start with journal title) Theology Today. Vic: or .” 15.” No pages. 2005. (non-profit organization) are more consistently credible than Web sites ending in . 1 (January 2003): 145-67.epnet. Article in a Journal: Fitzer. it is important to carefully determine the credibility of electronic sources. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80. include as much data as you can find on your source.skepticalsforlife.” Journal of Church and State 43 (2001): 483-511. 6. Cited 8 October (government agency) (educational institution). Buttrick. Online: http://0-web110. 3. Cited 25 July 2006. Article in an Encyclopedia or Dictionary: Stendahl. Barrie A. 7. This is not always the case with electronic sources. Online: http://www. A.5. Krister. “Culture and Church Collide. “The Days of the Old. Cited 24 November 2004. no. Norman P. Climate Change: Turning Up the Heat. some of the data which should be included on the Reference page is frequently missing. Sample Entries of Electronic Sources: 1. “Biblical Theology.” Journal of Modern Christian Studies 12. “Life. and . E-Books: Pittock.

Online: http://www.” Church History 22. Benjamin N.: InterVarsity. Cited 8 October 2006. 1992. Darwin. Dembski.: The Art in Teaching Science: Views from the Classroom. McMurtrie. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. 47 (June 2002): 28-45.html. Charles.netlibrary. Cited 24 October 2006. 1860.” No pages. Wesley. Ronald. Online: Monastersky. “The Days of the Old.. Dembski. 2/7/07 . no. ‘Let There be Other Views. and Ralph A. 5 (May 2003): 32-35. no. ed. Online: www. 82-85. 11 (November 2003): 59-72. L. Theology Today. Cited 28 October 2006. no. “Intelligent Design Throughout History. Michael.’ Or Did It?” Education Week 21. Science Education Today. 3 (May/June 2001): 75-80. Daniel. Hoff. The Design Revolution.Sample SBL Bibliography Page: BIBLIOGRAPHY Behe. New York: Heritage. Cited 27 October 2006. no. Ronald.” Chronicle of Higher Education 48 (2001): A8. Downer’s Grove.” 15. com. Oak Ridge. “The Evolution of a Skeptic. “And Congress Said. “New Approach to Teaching Science Comes to Some Urban School Districts. “Darwinism Under Attack. Calif. 55-56. 2004.proquest. Online: http://www.” 45.

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