Chapter 8. ELLIPSE
Definition : The locus of a point P whose distance from a fixed point S bears a constant ratio e (e < 1) to its distance from the fixed line d, is called as an ellipse. The fixed point and fixed line respectively are called as the focus and directrix of the ellipse and the constant ratio e is called as the eccentricity of the ellipse. Standard Equation of Ellipse : The equation of ellipse in 2 2 standard form is x2 + y 2 = 1 , (a > b). The graph of the a b standard form ellipse is as below
 d
B S
A
O S B
Y B
d
Z
A
S
Equation Centre Vertices Foci Relation between a, b & e Directrices Equation of Axes Length of the axes Length of L.R. Focal distance of P(x1, y1)
B

2 2 Nature of the Ellipse : x2 + y 2 = 1 , (a > b) a b 1. This ellipse is symmetric about both the coordinate axes
as well as the origin. Also origin bisects every chord through it, therefore this ellipse is a central conic. The origin is called as the centre of the ellipse. Since the ellipse is symmetic about yaxis, it has two foci and two directrices. The lines about which the ellipse is symmetric are called as the axis of symmetry or simply axes of the ellipse . The axis of the symmetry for this ellipse are both xaxis and yaxis. x axis is called as the major axis and y as the minor axis . 2. This ellipse intersects the coordinate axes at the four points A(a, 0), A (a, 0), B(0, b) and B (0, b). Generally the intersection of the ellipse with major axis are taken as the vertices of the ellipse. Here the vertices are A(a, 0) and A(a, 0). 3. The foci (plural of focus) of this ellipse are S(ae, 0) and a S(ae, 0). The corresponding directrices are x = and e a x= respectively. e 4. The curve lies completely in the rectangle bounded by the lines x = + a and y = + b. Some Important Definitions : 1. Focal distance : The distane of a point P on the ellipse from the focus is called as the focal distance of that point. Since their are two foci, therefore there are two focal distances for P given by SP = a  ex1 and SP = a + ex1, where x1 is the abscissa ( x coordinate) of P. 2. Length of the Latus rectum : The chord perpendicular to the major axis through the focus is called as the latus rectum. The length of the latus rectum for the standard 2b2 ellipse is . a

b2 = a2(1  e2)
a a x= e &x=e major axis: y = 0 minor axis : x = 0 major axis = 2a minor axis = 2b 2b a
2
a2 = b2(1  e2)
y= b b &y=e e
major axis: x = 0 minor axis: y = 0 major axis = 2b minor axis = 2a 2a 2 b SP = b  ey1 SP = b + ey1 ( a2 a2 , be), ( , be) b b
Extrimities of (ae, Latusrecta (ae, Distance between foci Distance between dirctrices Parametric equations
Parametric Equations of the Ellipse : The parametric equations of the ellipse are x = acos, y = asin , where
is called as the parameter and therefore any point on the ellipse can be written as P() = (acos, bsin)
Director Circle : The locus of point of intersection of perpendicular tangents drawn to the ellipse is called as the director circle. The director circle of the ellipse
x2 y2 + 2 = 1 is x2 + y2 = a2 + b2 a2 b
Special Form of the ellipse : 1.The equation of the ellipse with centre at (h, k) and the axes parallel to the coordinate (x  h)2 (y  k)2 axes is + =1 2 a b2 2. The equation of the ellipse whose focus is the point (f, g), directrix is ax + by + c = 0 and eccentricity is e, is (ax + by + c)2 (x  f)2 + (y  g)2 = e2 a2 + b2 Auxilliary Circle : The locus of foot of the perpendicular from the focus on any tangent to the ellipse is called as the auxilliary circle or it is also the circle drawn on the major axis as the diameter. The equation of auxilliary circle for the standard ellipse is x + y = a . General second degree equation : The general second degree equation in x and y, i.e. ax + 2hxy + by + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 represents an ellipse, if i) abc + 2fgh  af  bg  ch 0 and ii) h < ab
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Tangent in terms of Slope : The line y = mx + c touches x2 y2 the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1 , if a b c2 = a2m2 + b2 and the equation of tangent in terms of slope is y = mx + a2m2 + b2 a2m b2 and the point of contact is (, ) where c = a2m2 + b2 c c Remarks : 1.Since the radical sign on the right side side may have positive or negative value, therefore there are two tangents to the ellipse with same value of m and which are parallel to each other. 2. The line xcos + ysin = p touches the ellipse, if p2 = a2cos2 + b2sin2 3. The line lx + my = n touches the ellipse, if n2 = a2 l2 + b2 m2 4. If m1 and m2 are the slopes of the tangents drawn to the x2 y2 ellipse 2 + 2 = 1from the point (x1, y1), then m1 and m2 a b are the roots of the quadratic equation m2(x12  a2)  2mx1y1 + (y12  b2) = 0 2x y y 2  b2 m1 + m2 = 2 1 1 2 and m1m2 = 12 2 x1  a x1  a Tangent in parametric form : The equation of tangent to x2 y2 the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1, at the point whose eccentric angle a b is , is xcos ysin + =1 a b Intersection of two tangents : The coordinates of point of intersection of two tangents xcos ysin xcos ysin + = 1 and + = 1 are a b a b x = a. cos 1 ( + ) 2 cos 1 (  )
2
Position of a point relative to an Ellipse : The point (x1, y1) lies within, upon or outside the ellipse x2 y2 depending upon the quantity 1 + 1  1 is negative, zero a2 b2 or positive respectively. Length of the Radius vector : The length of the radius vector r of any point on the ellipse (i.e. distance of any point from the centre) whose inclination is is given by a2b2 r2 = b2cos2 + a2sin2 Line joining two points on the Ellipse : The equation of the line joining the points P() and Q() is y x + + ) ) = cos( cos( ) + sin ( b 2 a 2 2 Intersection of Ellipse and line : The xcoordiantes of the point of intersection of the line x2 y2 y = mx + c and the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1 are the roots of the a b quadratic equation x2(a2m2 + b2) + 2a2mcx + a2(c2  b2) = 0 The ordinates can be obtained by putting these values of x in the equation of line. Thus the straight line y = mx + c meets the ellipse in two points real, coincident or imaginary according as c2 is < = or > a2m2 + b2. Length of the intercept : The length of the intercept made by the ellipse on the line y = mx + c is 2ab (1 + m2) a2m2 + b2  c2 a2m2 + b2 Tangent to Ellipse : 1. Tangent at (x1, y1) : The equation of tangent to the ellipse at (x1, y1) of it is xx yy1 1 + 2 =1 2 a b Important : The equation of tangent to the ellipse (also to any curve) is obtained from that of the equation of the ellipse (or the curve) by substituting xx1 for x2, yy1 for y2, x + x1 for 2x and y + y1 for 2y
, y = b.
cos 1 ( + ) 2 sin 1 (  )
2
Diameter of an Ellipse : The locus of the middle points of parallel chords of an ellipse is called a diameter, and the chords are called the double ordinates.The diameters pass through the centre O, therefore the equation of diameter is in the form y = mx. Conjugate diameters : Two diameters are said to be conjuagate when each bisects all chords parallel to the other. The two diameters y = m1x and y = m2x are conjugate, if 2 m1m2 =  b2. a Properties of Conjugate diameters : 1. The tangents at the extrimity of any diameter is parallel to the chords which bisects it. 2. The tangents at the ends of any chord meet on the diameter which bisects the chord. 3. The eccentrc angles and of the ends of the cojugate diameters differ by /2. i.e.  = + 900.
4. The sum of squares of any two semiconjugate diameters of an ellipse is constant and equal to the sum of the squares of semiaxes of the ellipse. 5. The tangents at the ends of a pair of conjugate diameters of an ellipse form a parallelogram whose area is equal to the product of the lengths of the axes. Normal to the Ellipse :
2 2 1.An equation of the normal to the ellipse x2 + y2 = 1 at a b the point (x1, y1) of it is
a2y1(x  x1) = b2x1(y  y1) 2. The equation of the normal at the point whose eccentric angle is , is ax.sec  by.cosec = a2  b2 3. Equation of normal in the form y = mx + c is 2 2 y = mx  a b a2m2 + b2 Chord of Contact : The equation of chord of contact of tangents drawn from the point (x1, y1) is xx1 yy1 + 2 =1 2 a b Chord with given midpoint : The equation of chord of ellipse bisected at the point (x1, y1) is T = S1 where x12 y12 xx1 yy1 + 2  1 and S = 2 + 2  1 T = a2 1 b a b
3. The equation of an ellipse is x2/25 + y2/49 = 1. The coordinates of the foci are a) ( + 26, 0) c) (0, + 26 ) b) ( + 212, 0) d) (0, + 6 )
4. The eccentricity of an ellipse is 16x2 + 25y2 = 400 is a) 3/5 c) 1/2 the latus rectum is a) 1/2 c) 3 x2/4 + y2/3 = 1 is a) 2 c) 1 9x2 + 5y2 = 45 a) x = + 9 c) x = + 9/2 a) 3x2 + 4y2 = 12 c) 4x2 + 3y2 = 12 tricity 3 is a) 9x2 + 5y2 = 45 c) 5x2 + 4y2 = 0 tance between foci is 6 is a) 16x2 + 25y2 = 400 c) 25x2 + 16y2 = 400 b) 9x2 + 25y2 = 225 d) 16x2 + 9y2 = 144 b) 5x2 + 9y2 = 45 d) 4x2 + 5y2 = 20 b) y = + 9 d) y = + 9/2 b) 9x2 + 16y2 = 144 d) 16x2 + 9y2 = 144 b) 4 d) 3 b) 2/3 d) 5/8 b) 4/5 d) 1/7
Combined equation of pair of tangents : The combined equation of the pair of tangents from the point (x1, y1) is x2 y2 SS1 = T2, where S1, T as above and S = 2 + 2  1 a b
Properties of Ellipse :
1. The sum of the focal distances of any point on the ellipse is a constant equal to the major axis. 2. The product of the lengths of the perpendicular segments 2 2 from the foci on any tangent to a ellipse x2 + y2 = 1, is b2 . a b 3. The locus of the foot of the perpendicular from a focus of 2 2 the ellipse x2 + y2 = 1,is the auxilliary circle. a b 4. The intercept of the tangent between the point of contact and directrix subtends a right angle at the corresponding directrix. 5. The tangents at the extrimities of the latus rectum meet on the corresponding directrix. 6. Intercept of the tangent between the tangents at the extrimities subtends right angles at the foci. 7. N is the foot of the ordinate PN of the point P on the 2 2 ellipse x2 + y2 = 1, and A, A the extrimities of major a b axis, then PN2 b2 i) = 2 ii) SA.SA = b2  AN.A N a 8. The tangents and normals at any point on the ellipse bisect the angle between the focal radii of that point. Imporatnt: To find the tangent to the ellipse from the point outside it, we generally consider tangent in terms of slope through that point.
9.The equation of the ellipse whose foci are (0, + 2) and eccen
10. The equation of the ellipse having eccentricity 3/5 and dis
11. The equation of the ellipse with eccentricity 1/5 and distance between directrices is 10 is, a) 5x2 + 4y2 = 20 c) 4x2 + 5y2 = 20 is a) 3x2 + 7y2 = 115 c) 7x2 + 3y2 = 21 passing through (8, 3) is b) 7x2 + 3y2 = 1l5 d) 3x2 + 7y2 = 21 b) 4x2 + 5y2 = 1 d) 5x2 + 4y2 = 1
a) 4x2 + 9y2 + 16x  54y  61 = 0 b) 4x2 + 9y2 16x + 54y + 61 = 0 c) 4x2 + 9y2 +16x  54y + 61 = 0 d) None of these. 25. The centre of the ellipse 8x2 + 6y2  16x + 12y + 13 = 0 is at a) (1, 1) c) (1, 1) b) ( 1, 1) d) None of these. b) ( 2; 1) and ( 2,6) d) ( 1,  2) and ( 1,  6).
y2 = 1 5
26. The foci of the ellipse 25 (x + l)2 + 9(y + 2)2 = 225, are at a) ( 1, 2) and ( 1,  6) c) ( 1,  2) and ( 2, 1) ellipse 9x2 + 16y2 = 144 is a)32 c) 16 b) 18 d) 8.
x2 y2 x2 y2 c) d) + = 1 + = 1 25 36 5 6 16. If the focus of an ellipse is (3,0), eccentricity 1/2 and directrix x = 5, the equation of the ellipse is a) 3x2 + 4y2 = 12 b) 3x2 + 4y2  14x + 11 = 0 c) 3x + 4y + 14x 11 = 0 d) 3x2 + 4y2  14x 12y+ 11 = 0 17. The major axis of an ellipse is 3 times the minor axis. Then the eccentricity is a) (22)/3 c) 2/4 b) 2/5 d) 1/2 x2 y2 + = 1 36 49
2 2
27. The sum of the focal distances from any point on the
28. If P(x, y), F1(3, 0), F2( 3, 0) and 16x2 + 25y2 = 400, then PF1 + PF2 , where F1, F2 are the foci, equals a) 8 c) 10 b) 6 d) 12.
29. If the length of the major axis of an ellipse is two times the length of its minor axis, its eccentricity is a) 1/3 c) 1/2 b) 1/3 d) None of these
18. The length of latus rectum of an ellipse is a) 72/6 c) 72/8 a) 5/3 c) 25/3 b) 72/7 d) 72/9 b) 10/3 d)5/3.
30. The length of the latus rectum of an ellipse is 1/3 of the major axis. Its eccentricity is a) 2/3 c) (3/4)4
2
31. The line y = 2t meets the ellipse 4x2 + 9y2 = 36 in real points, if a)  t  < 2 c)  t  > 2 b)  t  < 1 d)  t  < 4
20. Equation to the ellipse, whose focus is (6, 7), directrix is x + y + 2 = 0 and e = 1/3, is a) 5x + 2xy + 5y  76x  88y + 506 = 0 b) 5x2  2xy + 5y2  76x  88y + 506 = 0 c) 5x2  2xy + 5y2 + 76x + 88y  506 = 0 d) None of these. 21. The eccentricity of the curve represented by the equation x + 2y  2x + 3y + 2 = 0 is a) 0 c) 1/2 a) 1/3 c) 3/4 and e = 1/3 is a) x2/9 +y2/8 = 16 c) x2/9 + y2/8 = 32 b) x2/8 + y2/9 = 16 d) None of these. b) 1/2 d) 2.
2 2 2 2 2 2
x2 y 2 32. If a > 3 and the eccentricity of the ellipse a2 + 4 = 1 , x 2 y2 3/2 then the eccentricity of the ellipse 2 + = 1, is a 9 a) 7/16 b) 7/4 c) 3/2 ity a) tends to 0 c) tends to b b) tends to a d) None of these x2 y2 34. The equation + = 1 , represents an ellipse, 2r r5 if a) r > 5 c) r > 2 b) 2 < r < 3 d) None of these x2 y2 35. The equation + = 1 , represents an ellipse, 1r r3 if a) r > 1 c) 1 < r < 3 b) r < 3 d) None of these d) 2/3 33. A circle is a limiting case of an ellipse whose eccentric
23. Equation of the ellipse whose foci are (4, 0) and ( 4,0)
24. Equation to the ellipse whose centre is ( 2,3) and whose semiaxes are 3 and 2 and major axis is parallel to the xaxis, is given by
36. Let F1 and F2 be the points (0, 4) and (0, 4). The locus of the point P such that PF1 + PF2 = 6 is
a) an ellipse
a) x2 + y2 = 13 c) x2 + y2 = 325
b) x2 + y2 = 25 d) x2 + y2 = 125
c) the st line through F1,F2 d) None of these 37. The foci of an ellipse are (0, +1) and minor axis is of unit length. Then the equation of the ellipse is a) 2x2 + y2 = 2 c) 4x2 + 20y2 = 5 a) a point if k = 0 c) an ellipse if k < 0 b) x2 + 2y2 = 2 d) 20x2 + 4y2 = 5 b) no locus if k > 0 d) None of these
50. The radius of the circle passing through the foci of the 2 2 ellipse x + y = 1 and having its centre at (0, 3) is 16 9 a) 3 b) 5 d) None of these 2 2 51. P is the variable point on the ellipse x2 + y2 = 1, with a b AA as the major axis, then the maximum value of the area of the triangle APA is d) None of these x2 y2 52. Let E be the ellipse + = 1, and C be the circle 9 4 2 2 x + y = 9. Let P and Q be the points (1, 2) and (2, 1) respectively, then a) Q lies inside C but outside E b) Q lies outside both C and E c) P lies inside both C and E d) P lies inside C but outside E 53. The eccentricity of the ellipse whose pair of conjugate diameters are y = x and 3y = 2x is a) 1/3 c) 2/3 b) 1/3 d) None of these a) 1 ab 2 c) ab b) 2ab c) 4
39. The distance of a focus of an ellipse 9x2 + 16y2 = 144 from one end of the minor axis is a) 3, c) 3/2 a) 1/4 c) 1/2 b) 4 d) None of these b) 7/4 d) None of these
41. The eccentricity of the ellipse 4x2 + 9y2 + 8x + 36y + 4 = 0 is 3 a) 5 b) 5 6 c) 2 d) 5 3 3 42. The eccentricity of the ellipse whose latus rectum is half its minor axis is a) 2/3 c) 3/2 is a) (2, 1) c) (2, 1) b) (2, 1) d) None of these (x + 1)2 (y + 2)2 44. The foci of the ellipse + 25 = 1 are 9 a) (2, 1) & (2, 6) b) (1, 2) & (1, 6) d) (1, 2) & (1, 6) 2 2 45. Sum of the focal distances of an ellipse x + y = 1, 2 2 a b (a > b) is a) 2a c) a + b b) 2b d) a  b c) (1, 2) & (2, 1) b) 1/2 d) None of these
54. An ellipse has OB as a semimimnor axis. S1, S2 are its foci and the angle S1BS2 is a right angle, then the eccentricity of the ellipse is a) 1/2 c) 2/3 4y2  8y  32 = 0 is a) x2 + y2  2y  8 = 0 c) x2 + y2  4x  5 = 0 + 2x  12y + 15 = 0 is a) x2 + y2 + 2x  6y  4 = 0 b) x2 + y2 + 2x  6y + 4 = 0 b) x2 + y2 +2x  12y + 4 = 0 d) x2 + y2 + 2x  12y  4 = 0 57. A man ruuning round a race course notes that the sum of the distances of two flag posts from him is always 10 m. and the distance between the flag posts is 8 meters. The area of the path he encloses in square meters is a) 8 c) 18 b) 12 d) 15 b) x2 + y2  8y + 7 = 0 d) None of these b) 1/3 d) None of these
46. The equation of the ellipse with foci ( + 3, 0) and vertices ( + 5, 0) is x2 y2 x2 y 2 + =1 a) 25 + 9 = 1 b) 25 16 2 2 c) x + y = 1 d) None of these 25 16 47. The curve represented by : x = 3(cost + sint), y = 4(cost  sint) is a) a circle c) an ellipse b) a parabola d) a hyperbola x2 y2 48. Ley P be a variable point on the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1, a b with foci S1, and S2. If A be the area of the triangle PS1S2, then the maximum value of A is a) ab c) e 2x + 3 y = 30 is,
2 2
58. The number of values of c such that the line y = 4x + c touches the curve x2 + 4y2 = 4 is a) 0 c) 2 ` b) 1 d) infinite
59. Chords of an ellipse are drawn through the positive end of the minor axis, then their middle point lies on a) a circle c) an ellipse 2ysin  10 = 0 is a) a circle c) an ellipse b) a parabola d) a hyperbola b) a parabola d) a hyperbola
61. The equation of standard ellipse whose axes are along the coordinate axes and eccentricity is 1 , is 2 a) x2 + 2y2 = 32 b) 2x2 + y2 = 64 c) x2 + 4y2 = 256 d) 4x2 + y2 = 64 62. The equation of conjugate diameter of the diameter x2 y2 y = x of the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1, is a b a) a2x + b2y = 0 b) ax + by = 0 d) None of these x2 y2 + = 1, is 63. The eccentricity of the ellipse 25 144 a) 117/12 b) 118/12 c) 119/12 d) 120/12 c) b2x + a2y = 0
x2 y2 x2 y2 a) 16 + 25 = 1 b) 9 + 16 = 1 2 2 c) x + y = 1 d) None of these 25 16 74. The equation of the ellipse pasing through the intersec tion of the lines 7x + 13y  87 = 0 and 5x  8y + 7 = 0 and having the length of the latus rectum 232/5, is x2 y2 x2 y2 + =1 a) b) + =1 50 32 27 8 2 2 c) x + y = 1 d) None of these 18 12 75. The equation of the ellipse having focus at (3, 3), the corresponding vertex (4, 3) and the centre at (2, 3) is
2 2 (y + 3)2 a) (x + 2)2 b) (x  1) + (y + 3) = 1 4 3 + =1 4 2 2 2 (x  1)2 (y + 3)2 c) (x + 1) + (y + 2) = 1 d) + =1 9 6 9 25
64. The difference between the length of the major axis and minor axis of the ellipse 9x2 + 5y2 = 45, is a) 6 + 25 c) 6 + 52 b) 6  2 5 d) 6  52
76.The ecentricity of ellipse is 1/2, Its centre is at origin and one directrix has the equation x = 16 calculate the distance of P on the ellipse from the associated focus with the given directrix if x coordinate of P is  4 is a) 10 c) 12 b) 11 d) 13
65. The equation of the ellipse whose vertices are ( + 5, 0) and length of the latus rectum is 32/5, is a) 25x2 + 16y2 = 400 c) 16x2 + 25y2 = 800 b) 16x2 + 25y2 = 400 d) None of these
66. The equation of the ellipse whose distance between directrices is 10 and eccentricity is 1/5 x2 y2 x2 y2 + =1 + =1 a) b) 100 125 100 225 2 2 c) x + y = 1 d) None of these 125 100 67. The position of the point (1, 2) with respect to the ellipse 16x2 + 25y2 = 400 is a) outside the ellipse c) on the ellipse b) inside the ellipse d) None of these
77. The position of the point (1, 3) with respect to the ellipse 4x2 + 9y2  16x  54y + 61 = 0 is a) outside the ellipse c) on the major axis b) on the ellipse d) on the minor axis x2 y2 78.The equation of tangent to the ellipse + = 1 5 6 at P (3, 4) is a) 3x  4y = 1 c) 27x  16y = 36 at point (1,2) is a) x + 8y = 17 c) 8x + y = 17 b) 4x + 3y = 17 d) x  8y = 17 b) 27x + 16y = 36 d) 16x + 27y = 36
68. If the eccentricity of an ellipse is 5/8 and the distance between its foci is 10, then its latus rectum is a) 39/4 c) 35/4 b) 10 d) 37/4
80. The equation of the ellipse is 4x2 + 9y2 = 72. The equation of the line that touches it at (3,2) is a) 2x  3y = 12 c) 3x  2y = 6 b) 3x + 2y = 24 d) 2x + 3y = 12
69. If the foci and vertices of an ellipse are ( + 1, 0) and ( + 2, 0), then the minor axis of the ellipse is a) 25 c) 32 25y2 = 400 are a) x = + 10 c) 3x = + 10 b) x = + 6 d) None of these 2 2 71. The foci and eccentricity of the ellipse x + y = 1, 36 9 a) ( + 33, 0); 2/6 b) ( + 23, 0); 3/6 c) ( + 33, 0); 3/6 d) None of these b) 23 d) 52
81. If the line x + y + k = 0 touches the ellipse x2 y2 + = 1 , then the value of k is 20 5 a) + 1 b) + 3 d) + 7 x2 y2 82. The equation of the ellipse is + .. = 1 .The 25 16 equations of the tangents making an angle of 60 with the major axis a) y = 3 x + 91 c) 3 x = y + 13 b) y + 3 x = + 91 d) y = 3 x + 91 c) + 5
72. The length of the latus rectum and eccentricity of the x2 y2 + = 1, is ellipse 64 39 38 6 a) 39 ; 5 b) 5 ; 7 4 8 38 6 39 5 c) d) 5 7 4 8 73. The equation of the ellipse having focus at (1, 2), directrix 3x  2y + 1 = 0 and eccentricity 1/2 is
83. The equation of the tangent to the ellipse 4x2 + 9y2 = 36 which is also perpendicular to the line 3x + 4y = 17 is, a) y = 4x + 65 c) 3y = 4x + 65 b) 3y + 4x = + 65 d) 3y = x + 25
Strength does not come from winning. Your struggles develop your strengths. When you go through hardships and decide not to surrender, that is strength.
84. If (3, 4) lies on the standard ellipse, then which of the following point also lie on the same ellipse a) (3, 4) b) (3, 4) c) (3, 4) d) All of the above. 85. The equation of the ellipse passing through the point (25, 2) and having its length of the semiminor axis 3 is x2 y2 x2 y2 b) + =1 + =1 36 9 28 14 2 2 2 2 c) x + y = 1 d) x + y = 1 36 9 28 14 86. The equations of tangents to the ellipse from the point a) (2, 2) are a) y = 2, 4x  5y = 10 b) y + 2 = 0, 8x  5y = 26 c) y = 4, 8x  5y + 26 = 0 d) y = 3 , 6x + 5y = 26 87. The equation of an ellipse having minor axis 4 and the line 3x + 10y = 25 is tangent is, 2 2 2 2 a) x + y = 1 b) x + y = 1 16 4 4 25 2 2 2 x y x y2 c) 25 + 4 = 1 d) 10 + 4 = 1 88. An ellipse is described by using an endless string which is passed over two pins. If the axes are 6 cm and 4 cm, the necessary length of the string and the distance between the pins respectively in cms are . a) 6, 25 c) 4, 25 b) 6, 5 d) None of these.
96.Length of the chord intercepted by the ellipse 4x2 + 9y2 = 1 on the line 9y = 1 is a) 22 c) 2 at the point a) (3/2, 3), c) (3/2, 5), b) (3, 2) d) None of these 16 98.If the tangent at the point ( 4cos, sin ) to the ellipse 11 b) 22/3 d) None of these
97. The line 2x +3y = 12 touches the ellipse 25x2 +16y2 = 400
16x2 + 11y2 = 256 is also a tangent to the circle x2 + y2  2x = 15, then the value of is
a) + /3 c) + /2 b) + /4 d) None of these
99. The locus of the midpoint of the portion of the tangents to the ellipse b2x2 + a2y2 = a2b2 between the coordinate axes is a) b2x2 + a2y2 = 4a2b2 c) a2x2 + b2y2 = 4 b) b2x2 + a2y2 = 4 d) b2x2 + a2y2 = 4x2y2
100. If the focal distance of an end of the minor axis of the ellipse reffered to the principle axis is k and the distance between the foci is 2h, then its equation is x2 y2 =1 2 + 2 k h  k2 2 2 x2 y2 c) x2 + 2y 2 = 1 d) 2 + 2 = 1 k h k k h 101. The eccentricity of the ellipse, which meets the straight a) b) line (x/7) + (y/2) = 1 on the axis of x and straight line (x/3)  (y/5) = 1 on axis of y and whose axes lie along the coordinate axes is : a) 2/7 c) 32/7 b) 26/7 d) None of these x2 y2 =1 2 + 2 k k + h2
89.If the straight line y = 4x + c is a tangent to the ellipse x2/8 + y2/4 = 1, then c will be equal to a) + 4 c) + 1 x /9 + y /16 = 1, if a = a) 8 c) + 10 b) + 5 d) + 6.
2 2 2 2
b) + 6 d) + (132).
91. The number of values of c such that the straight line y = 4x + c touches the curve x /4 + y = 1 is a) 0 c) 2 (2, 1) is a) 4x + y = 4 c) 4x + y = 1 b) x + 4y = 4 d) None of these. b) 1 d) 3
2 2
102. The focal chord of the parabola y2 = 16x is a tangent to the ellipse (x  6)2 + y2 = 2 then the possible values of the slope of this chord are : a) 1, 1 c) 2, 1/2 b) 1/2, 2 d) 1/2, 2 (x + y  2)2 (x  y)2 103. Centre of the ellipse , is + 9 16 = 1 a) (0, 0) b) (1, 1) c) (1, 0) d) (0, 1) x2 y2 + = 1 at the 9 5 ends of the latus rectum. Then the area of thequadrilatral a) 27 c) 27/4 b) 27/2 d) 27/55
93.Equation of the tangent to the hyperbola 2x2  3y2 = 6 which is parallel to the line y = 3x + 4 is a) y = 3x + 5 b) y = 3x  5
2 2
c) y = 3x + 5 and y = 3x  5 d) None of these. 94.The equation of the tangents to the ellipse 9x + 16y = 144 from the point (2, 3) are a) y  3 = 0, x + y = 5 b) x  3 = 0, x  y = 5 c) x + y  3 = 0, x  y +5 = 0 d) None of these. 95. The angle between the pair of tangents drawn to the ellipse 3x2 + 2y2 = 5 from tbe pomt (1, 2) is a) tan1 (12/5) c) tan1 (12/5) b) tan1(6/5) d) tan1(12/5).
105. If tangents are drawn to the ellipse x2 + 2y2 = 2, then the locus of the midpoint of the intercept made by the tangents between the coordinates axes is : a) 1 1 + =1 2x2 4y2 x2 y2 + =1 c) 2 4 1 1 + =1 4x2 2y2 x 2 y2 d) 4 + 2 = 1 b)
106. The angle between tangents drawn from the point (1, 2) to the ellipse 3x + 2y = 5 is 85 55 a) tan1( ) b) tan1( ) 3 3 125 155 c) tan1( ) d) tan1( ) 4 3 107. The line xcos + ysin = p is a tangent to the ellipse x 2 y2 + = 1, if a2 b2 a) a2cos2 + b2sin2 = p2 b) a2cos2  b2sin2 = p2 c) a2sin2  b2cos2 = p2 d) a2sin2 + b2cos2 = p2
2 2
a) 27 c) 27/4
b) 27/2 d) 27/55
118. If tangents are drawn to the ellipse x2 + 2y2 = 2, then the locus of the midpoint of the intercept made by the tangents between the coordinates axes is : 1 1 1 1 =1 =1 a) 2 + b) 2 + 4x 2y2 2x 4y2 2 2 2 2 c) x + y = 1 d) x + y = 1 4 2 2 4 119. The locus of the midpoint of the portion of the tangent x 2 y2 to the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1 intercepted between the a b coordiante axes is a2 b2 a2 b2 b) 2 + 2 = 2 + 2 =1 x2 y x y a2 b2 c) 2 + 2 = 4 d) None of these x y x2 y 2 120. If a tangent to the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1 cuts off inter a b cepts of length h and k on the coordinate axes, then the a2 b2 value of 2 + 2 = h k a) 4 b) 1 a) c) 3 d) None of these 121.If P and Q are two points on the ellipse and their ecentric angles differ by /2, then the equation of the locus of points of intersection of the tangents drawn from P & Q is x2 y2 a) 2 + 2 = 2 a b 2 2 c) x + y = 1 a2 b2 x2 y2 + 2 = 3 a2 b 2 x2 d) 2 + y = 4 a b2 b)
108. P and Q are the feet of the perpendicular from the foci
2 2 S1, S2 of an x + y = 1 on the tangent at any point on 5 3 the ellipse, then product of S1P and S2Q is
a) 3 c) 5
b) 15 d) 10
109. The value of k for which the line x  y + k = 0 touches the ellipse 2x2 + 3y2 = 1 is +5 +3 a) 6 b) 5 +5 +2 c) d) 7 3 110. The equation of the ellipse with foci at ( + 3, 0) and which touches the line x  y  5 = = is x2 y2 x2 y2 a) b) + = 1 + = 1 16 9 9 25 2 2 x y c) d) None of these + = 1 25 16 111. The slopes of the tangents drawn to the ellipse 4x2 + 7y2 = 28 from the point (3, 2) a) 1, 2 c) 0, 5 b) 1, 3 d) 0, 6
122. The equation of the tangents to the ellipse 4x2 + 9y2 = 72 which are perpendicular to the line 3x  2y = 5 is a) 2x + 4y +12 = 0 c) 3x + 5y + 12 = 0 b) 3x + 4y + 12 = 0 d) 2x + 3y +12 = 0
112. The equation of the tangent to the ellipse x2 y2 + = 1 parallel to the line x + y + 3 = 0 are 144 25 a) x + y = + 11 b) x + y = + 13 c) x + y = + 10 d) x + y = + 26 113.The equation of the tangent to the ellipse x2 + 16y2 = 16 making an angle of 600 with major axis is a) 3 x  y + 6 = 0 c) 3 x  y + 7 = 0 b) 3 x  y  8 = 0 d) None of these
123.A tangent havng slope 2 to the ellipse 3x2 +4y2 = 12, intersects X and Y axes in the point A and B respectively.If O is the origin Then the area of the triangle AOB is a) 3 Sq. Units c) 5 Sq. Units b) 4 Sq. Units
d) 6 Sq. Units
124. The equation of the tangents to the 9x2 + 16y2 = 144 making equal intercepts on coordinates axes is a) x + y = + 6 c) x + y = + 3 b) x + y = + 4 d) x + y = + 5 x2 y2 125. A tangent having slope 4/3 to ellipse + =1 18 32 intersects the Xaxis and the Y axis in the points A and B respectively. If O is the origin then the area of OAB is a) 23 Sq.Units c) 24 Sq.Units b) 22 Sq.Units d) 21 Sq.Units
114. The product of the length of the perpendiculars drawn x2 y 2 from foci on any tangent to the Ellipse 2 + 2 = 1 is a b a) a2 b) b2 c) a2 b2 Ellipse is a) x + y = a
2 2 2
d) a2/b2
d) x2 + y2 = a2  b2 x 2 y2 116. The director circle of the Ellipse 2 + 2 = 1, (a > b) is a b a) x2 + y2 = a2 b) x2 + y2 = a2 + b2 d) x + y = a  b x 2 y2 117. Tangents are drawn to the ellipse + = 1 at the 9 5 ends of the latus rectum. Then the area of the quadrilateral so formed is c) x + y = b
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
c) x2 + y2 = b2
126. The locus of point of intersection of perpendicular tanx2 y2 gents to the ellipse a2 + b2 = 1 is a) x2 + y2 = a2 b) x2 + y2 = a2 + b2 d) x2 + y2 = a2  b2 x2 y2 127. The ellipse 2 + 2 = 1 is a curve symmetric about a b a) x axis b) origin c) yaxis d) all above c) x2 + y2 = b2
128. On ellipse 4x2 + 9y2 = 1 , the points at which tangents parallel to the line 8x = 9y are a) (1/5, 2/5) c) ( +3/5, + 2/5) from the point (3, 5) is a) 1 c) 0 b) 2 d) infinite b) ( + 2/5, + 1/5) d) None of these
2 2
141. For the ellipse 3x + 4y  6x + 8y  5 = 0 which of the following is true a) centre is (2, 1) c) foci are (3, 1) & (1, 1) b) eccentricity is 1/3 d) None of these
130. The locus of the midpoint of focal chord of an ellipse x2 y2 + = 1, is a2 b2 2 x2 y2 ex x y2 ex a) 2 + 2 = b) 2  2 = a a a b a b 2 2 2 2 c) x + y = a + b d) None of these x y x2 y2 131. If + = 2 touches the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1 , then a b a b its eccentric angle of the point of contact is a) 00 c) 450 b) 900 d) 600
142. The equations of the the tangents drawn at the ends of the major axis of the ellipse 9x2 + 5y2  30y = 0 is a) y = + 3 c) y = 0, y = 6 b) x = + 5 d) None of these
143. An ellipse passes through the point (4, 1) and touches the line x + 4y  10 = 0. If its axes coincide with the coordinate axes, then its equation is x2 y2 x2 4y2 + = 1 + = 1 a) b) 16 25 80 5 x2 y2 x2 y2 c) d) + = 1 + = 1 5 20 20 5 144. The sum of the squares of the perpendiculars on any x 2 y2 tangent to the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1from two points on the a b minor axis each at distance a2  b2 from the centre is a) 2a2 c) b2 at (1, 1) is: a) x + 4y = 25 c) x + 4y = 25 b) x + 4y = 5 d) x  4y = 5 b) a2 d) 2b2 [CET2004]
2 2 132. The ellipse x + y = 1and the straight line y = mx + c 2 2 a b intersect in real points only if
133. S and T are the foci of an ellipse and B is an end of minor axis. If STB is an equilateral triangle, then the eccentricity of the ellipse is a) 1/4 c) 1/2 b) 1/3 d) 2/3
134. Two perpendicular tangents drawn to the ellipse 16x2 + 25y2 = 400 intersect on the curve a) x2 + y2 = 9 c) x2  y2 = 41 from a focus is a) a(e + cos) c) a(1 + cos) b) a(e  cos) d) a(1 + 2ecos) b) x2 + y2 = 41 d) x = a/e x2 y 2 + =1 a2 b 2
146. The sum of the squares of the perpendiculars on any x2 y2 tangent to the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1from two points on the a b minor axis each at distance ae from the centre is a) 2a2 c) b2 b) a2 d) 2b2 x 2 y2 147. If any tangent to the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1intercept equal a b lengths l on the axes, then l is equal to a) a2 + b2 c) a2 + b2 b) a2  b2 d) a2  b2
136. If C is the centre of the ellipse 9x2 + 16y2 = 144 and S is one focus. The ratio of CS to semimajor axis is a) 7 : 16 c) 5 : 7 intersect on a) Major axis b) Minor axis c) Corresponding directrix d) none of these. 138. Product of the perpendicular from the foci upon any x 2 y2 tangent to the ellipse 2 + 2 = 1 is constant and = a b a) 2a b) a2 d) none of these. x 2 y2 139. Tangents are drawn to the ellipse + = 1 at the 9 5 ends of the latus rectum. The area of the quadrilateral so formed is a) 27 c) 15 b) 13 d) 45 c) b2 b) 7 : 4 d) None of these
148. The difference between length of the major axis and the latus rectum of the ellipse is a) ae2 c) 2ae b) 2ae2 d) ae
149. The equation of the ellipse whose eccentricity is 1/2 and the vertices are (4, 0) and (10, 0) is a) 3x2 + 4y2  42x + 120 = 0 b) 3x2 + 4y2 + 40x + 130 = 0 c) 3x2 + 4y2  38x  140 = 0 d) 3x2 + 4y2  36x  150 = 0 150. The locus of points of intersection of the tangents at the extrimities of the chords of ellipse x2 + 2y2 = 6 which touch the ellipse x2 + 4y2 = 6 is a) x2 + y2 = 4 c) x2 + y2 = 16 b) x2 + y2 = 9 d) None of these