Prefixes, Suffixes, and Roots 1

English Prefixes, Suffixes, and Roots
Prefixes: pp. 1 – 3 Suffixes: pp. 4 – 6 Roots: pp. 7 - 10

ac-, ad-, af-, ag-, al-, ap-, as-, ata-, anab-, absambi-, amphi to, toward, near, adjacent to aside (adverb): to or toward the side accompany (verb): to go with someone as a companion adjust (verb): to correct, to move closer to a correct position apolitical (adjective): without interest in politics anarchy (noun): without a ruler, absence of government abrupt (adjective): unexpected change abnormal (adjective): not normal ambidextrous (adjective): able to use both hands equally well amphibian (noun): an animal with characteristics of both fish and reptiles anterior (adjective): before or near the front antiwar (noun): against war archenemy (noun): the principal enemy audiorecording (noun): a recording of sound autobiography (noun): writing about yourself automotive (adjective): related to self-propelled machines bicycle (noun): a vehicle with two wheels biped (noun): a two-footed animal bibliography (noun): a list of books referred to in a text category (noun): a class or set to which a thing belongs catalogue (noun): a book or pamphlet that lists and describes circumvent (verb): to manage to get around a situation circumference (noun): the distance around a circle cognate (adjective): related, similar in nature collaborate (verb): to work together correlation (noun): a relation between two or more things contradict (verb) to state the opposite cosmopolitan (adjective): having a worldwide rather than a limited scope decrease (verb): to grow smaller, to become less desensitize (verb): to take away sensitivity dentist (noun): a doctor specializing in teeth, jaws, and mouth diameter (noun): the distance across a cirle diagonal (adjective): passing through two non-adjacent corners

not, without

away from, off

both sides


before against chief, principal, extreme hearing, sound self



bibli-, bibliocat-, cata-, cathcircum-

book down, with


co-, cog-, col-, com-, con-, corcontracosmode-

together, with

against, opposite universe to do the opposite, to take away from tooth through, across

dent-, denti-, dentodia-

in the way all. separate. against. beyond not. and Roots 2 di-. micromismono multinonob-. ir. exclude divide (verb): to separate into two or more parts differ (verb): to be unlike distrust (verb): to have no confidence or trust disagree (verb): to not agree with someone or something emit (verb) to send out expel (verb): to force out exclude (verb): to close out of. to put into power equator (noun): a line that divides the world into two equal halves extraordinary (adjective): going beyond normal foresee (verb): to see beforehand geology (noun): the study of the earth hemisphere (noun): half of a sphere heterosexual (adjective): attracted to someone of the opposite sex homogeneous (adjective): having a uniform structure of composition hydroelectric (adjective): producing electricity using waterpower hyperactive (adjective): being excessively active illegible (adjective): cannot be read inaction (noun): lack of motion. ex- out. im-. ground. in-. to get a hold of oppose (verb): to be against. keep out ecology (noun): the study of the environment enamor (verb): to cause to love. im-. out of. opposite of. disapart.Prefixes. of-. from ecoen-. in in. forege-. Suffixes. in-. environment put into equa-. into between. to "put" someone "into" love empower (verb): to give power. geohemiheterohomohydr-. opomni- bad small wrong one many not. em- habitat. dif-. among malmicr-. soil half different same water above. oc-. not. idle instead (adverb): in place of. ilinter- equal beyond before earth. no toward. hydrohyperil-. to stand in the way of something omnivorous (adjective): eats both plants and animals e-. two. universally . equiextrafor-. an alternative import (verb): to bring into a country from another country interject (verb): to throw something between other things international (adjective): between nations malfunction (noun): when something does not work properly microscope (noun): an instrument used to see very small objects misinterpret (verb): to interpret incorrectly monolingual (adjective): using or knowing only one language multiply (verb): to increase in number nonsense (noun): something with no meaning or no sense obtain (verb): to gain or get.

above all. too keep up superimpose (verb): to place on top of something else sympathy (noun): sharing another person's feelings telephone (noun): a device to transmit sound over a distance transform (verb): to change shape tripod (noun): a three-legged stand unceasing (adjective): never ending. against. continuous uniform (adjective): having the same form or consistency utility (noun): something useful or designed for use . sus supersyn-. secretly. again backward half under. at the same time distant. beyond. from below. suc-. sur-. near. above. to delay precede (verb): to go before. opposite one use overwork (verb): to have too much work pandemic (adjective): occurring over a wide geographic area paralegal (noun): someone who works alongside a lawyer perform (verb): to carry out an act photography (noun): producing an image by exposing film to light postpone (verb): to put off to a later time. change three not. teltranstriununiutilexcessive. over a distance across. forward four back. Suffixes. beneath. completely beside through light after before for. symtele-. above together. photopostpreproquadrreretrosemi sub-. suf-.Prefixes. and Roots 3 overpanparaperphot-. sup-. to come in front of propel (verb): to push forward quadrilateral (adjective): having four sides redo (verb): to do again retrospect (noun) to look back at past events semiannual (adjective): occurring twice a year submarine (adjective): underwater support (verb): to hold up. up over.

belief. one that is names. -ent -ate -ation -dom an agent. and Roots 4 Suffixes Suffixes to Create NOUNS -acy. state. action or conduct person or member product or part state or quality baker: a person who bakes collector: a person who collects or gathers things mouthful: an amount that fills the mouth politician: a person works in politics phobia: an illogical fear of something psychiatry: branch of medicine dealing with the mind and emotions arithmetic: a branch of math dealing with non-negative numbers economics: the social science related to studying business malice: the desire to do evil swimming: the activity of swimming through water building: the result of making a structure abduction: the action of carrying someone away by force formalism: a belief in sticking to prescribed forms podiatrist: a foot doctor graphite: a black material used in making pencils novelty: something new or unusual -ion -ism -ist -ite -ity. resulting state place. fuction action.Prefixes. -cy -age -al -an -ance. -ty . diseases art of healing related to the arts and sciences act material made for. something that performs the action state. activity. quality or process state. result of an activity condition or action doctrine. -ence -ancy. state of being -er. a position or person that performs a function disinfectant: something that cleans dependent: a thing supported or determined by another candidate: a person nominated for an office or position specialization: the result of being distinguished by one quality or ability wisdom: possessing knowledge activity. result of action person action. Suffixes. or result of action action. office. quality or capacity -ant. -an -ia -iatry -ic. -ics -ice -ing person or thing that does something an amount or quanity that fills related to. -ency state or quality privacy: the state of being alone infancy: the state of being a baby or young child courage: having the spirit to overcome fear referral: the action of directing a person to another place artisan: a craftsperson resistance: the action of opposing something independence: the state of not being under the control of others vacancy: an empty room or position agency: the capacity to exert power or influence. -or -ful -ian.

-ical -ant. being resembling. describing with images or pictures fantasize: to create images in the mind conjecture: to come to a conclusion by supposition or guesswork -ify -ing -ize -ure cause present participle cause act Suffixes to Create ADJECTIVES -able. condition. -ary -ate -ed worth. -ible -al. result of an activity native: a person born in a specific place document: official paper showing proof or evidence of something kindness: the quality of being kind or nice biology: the study of life valor: bravery. function state. and Roots 5 -ive -ment -ness -ology -or -ory -ship -ure -y condition condition or result state. to pass from one stage to the next attained: something that has been reached or grasped moisten: to cause to become moist or damp ponder: to think about clamor: to make noise. -or cause to be past tense to cause to become action graduate: to give a degree to. -ial. Suffixes. related to kind of state having the quality of . courage territory: an area around a place friendship: the state of being a friend exposure: the condition of being exposed or unprotected society: companionship victory: the result of winning something Suffixes to Create VERBS -ate -ed -en -er. pure terraced: having terraces or steps quality. amazing structural: related to the physical make up of a thing territorial: related to nearby or local areas categorical: related to a category. ability solvable: able to be solved or explained incredible: not able to be believed. -ent. -ient -ar. condition act. to call for loudly specify: to name or indicate in detail depicting: showing. serves for status. condition. absolute important: indicating value or worth dependent: relying upon something else spectacular: related to something that is eye-catching or amazing unitary: related to units or single groups representing quantities inviolate: not disturbed. condition. relation indicating. process.Prefixes. quality the study of condition or activity place for.

having Suffixes to Create ADVERBS -fold -ly -ward -wise in a manner of. -ative. -itive -less -ous. -ious -y having.Prefixes. and Roots 6 -en -er -est material comparative superlative silken: made from silk. relating to marked by. recent festive: having the quality of a festival or party cooperative: being able or willing to work together sensitive: easily felt. marked by in the manner of in a direction or manner in the manner of. brave verbose: having more words than needed hungry: having hunger. almost having the quality of fanciful: marked by imagination generic: related to a whole group projectile: something thrown with an outside force cohering: the act of sticking together newish: modern. with regard to fourfold: being four times as great fluently: marked by ease of movement. Suffixes. missing having the quality of. marked by a desire without. giving. -eous. marked by quality. responsive to the senses penniless: a person without any money adventurous: characterized by the desire to seek adventures courageous: characterized by courage. relation having the qualities of activity having the character of. a fiber produced by worms brighter: more light strongest: having the most strength -ful -ic -ile -ing -ish -ive. -ose. about. effortlessly smooth homeward: toward home timewise: with regard to time .

bi bibli. to acquire exceed (vb): to go beyond a limit. cede. fas. and Roots 7 Roots A act. to identify corporate (adj): formed into a body or association. to point out docile (adj): obedient. drive (Ltn) love. to be greater than chronological (adj): arranged in order of time or sequence clamor (vb): to make noise recognize (vb): to know. ag am. cret cred cour. ceed. fic. aut aud. like (Ltn) mind. (n) . to produce through imagination incredible (adj): unbelievable occur (vb): to happen. suitable. dit doc. spirit. dict. united in one group create (vb): to originate. to increase (Ltn) hear (Ltn) good. cid ceas. age (Ltn) make do.Prefixes. cur. prove (Ltn) thought. carry (Ltn) D E -ectomy ev. anger (Ltn) yearly (Ltn) to originate. fea fer . cept. to guess B bene. gnos corp cre. dign duc. life. doct dog. audit. duct grow (Ltn) trust. Suffixes. curs dic. yield (Ltn) time (Grk) shout (Ltn) know to know (Ltn) body (Ltn) active (adj): moving about amorous (adj): loving animal (n): a living creature annual (adj): yearly augment (vb): to increase. idea (Grk) suitable (Ltn) lead (Ltn) surgical removal time.a person's behavior appendectomy (noun): the surgical removal of the appendix medieval (adj): related to the Middle Ages (500 . cap. to come to mind indicate (vb): to show. ben bio. et F fac. enni auc. cess chron clam. fact. easily taught dogma (n): an established opinion decent (adj): conforming to standards. claim cogn. good conduct (vb): to lead or guide. cresc. to seize. biblio brev C cad. to hold (Ltn) go. ami anim annu. dox dec.1500 AD) feasible (adj): capable of being done infer (vb): to come to a conclusion from looking at facts. curr. ceiv. cas. fec. aur do. believe (Ltn) run. course (Ltn) say. to add to audible (adj): can be heard benefit (n): something that gives a good advantage biography (n): a book written about a person's life bibliophile (n): a person who likes or collects books abbreviate (vb): to shorten receive (vb): to take in. well. speak (Ltn) teach. act. aug. do (Ltn) bear. gentle (Ltn) life (Grk) book (Grk) short (Ltn) to take.

leag. lust M man mem ment meter min mit. remember (Ltn) mind (Ltn) device for measuring little. select. word. and Roots 8 fict. speech. gree gram. faith (Ltn) shape.belonging to a particular place by birth nominate (vb): to name for office G gen. move (Ltn) write. plan. vividly shown adhere (vb): to stick arthritis (n): inflammation of the joints reject (vb): to throw out. fluct. unwilling to accept junction (n): a place at which two things join legal (adj): based on law collect (vb): to gather. area (Ltn) say. make. lum.a liquid format (n): the shape and size of something fracture (v): to break. nai nom. an invented story confide (vb): to trust. a smooth easy style (n) . reason. to bring together location (n): a place. a position occupied logic (n): the study of reason. leg lect. just L lex. kind (Grk) earth (Grk) to gather. drawing (vb) . action native (adj) . graph. mot N nasc. like a bone generate (vb): to produce. fashion (Ltn) belief. gin geo gor grad. jet jug. junct. fain fid fig flu. to bring together (Grk) step. do (Ltn) recall. gress. leg. hes itis H J jac. nym . frai shape. flux form fract. study (Grk) light (Ltn) hand. reasoning translucent (adj): permitting some light to come through manage (vb): to handle with skill. draw (Grk) to stick (Ltn) disease or inflammation to throw (Ltn) to join (Ltn) law (Ltn) choose. form (Ltn) flow (Ltn) shape (Ltn) break (Ltn) to give birth. lesser admit (vb): to accept. graf her. to trust another person with a secret figure (n): shape. make. decipher fluid (adj): capable of flowing. read (Ltn) place. gather. small (Ltn) send (Ltn) move (Ltn) to be born (Ltn) name (Ltn) fiction (n): something produced from imagination. mov. gnant.decide. feign. lig loc log luc. to allow entry motion (n): act of moving. nat. ject. frag. drawn. to be able to do memory (n): the ability to recall or to bring to mind mental (adj): related to the mind hygrometer (n): a device for measuring humidity minor (adj): less important. go. to create geography (n): a science that describes the earth's surface category (n): a class or set in which a thing is placed degree (n): a step or stage in a process graphic (adj): written. miss mob.Prefixes. Suffixes. pattern.

draw (Ltn) carry (Ltn) fold (Ltn) put. pond phan. sens sequ. ply pon. weigh (Ltn) show. place (Ltn) mind (Grk) seek. explain (Ltn) Q quir. secut. ask (Ltn) break (Ltn) to know (Ltn) write (Ltn) feel. make visible (Grk) love (Grk) sound (Grk) paint. and Roots 9 nov new (Ltn) work (Ltn) fasten or hold novice (n): a beginner or newcomer operate (vb): to work. quis. having knowledge of oneself script (n): handwriting. think (Ltn) follow (Ltn) to withstand. fan. to perform impact (vb): to strike together forcefully compact (vb): to press together passion (n): a strong feeling or emotion sympathy (n): sharing another person's feelings impede (vb): to hinder. push (Ltn) to hang. scio scrib. an area raised above the surrounding ground repel (vb): to drive away or push back append (vb): to add or correct phantom (n): something seen but having no physical existence. solu. phen. to demand sociable (adj): inclined to seek friendship. a ghost philosopher (n): a person who seeks (loves) wisdom phonetic (adj): related to speech sounds picture (vb): to paint or draw import (vb): to bring in from a foreign country reply (vb): to respond. companionship solitary (adj): being alone solve (vb): to find an answer O oper P pact pat. fant phil phon pict port pli. Suffixes. show. to slow down claustrophobia (n): fear of enclosed spaces podium (n): a platform. solut . puls pend. sue sist soci sol solv. scrip sent. to answer postpone (vb): to put off to a later time psychology (n): study of how the mind works query (vb): to ask questions rupture (vb): to break or burst conscious (adj): aware. phant. pass path ped phobia pod pel. pos psych feel. R S quest. phas. quer rupt sci. suffer (Ltn) feel (Grk) foot (Ltn) fear (Grk) foot (Grk) drive.Prefixes. something written sentiment (n): a thought prompted by feeling sequence (n): a continuous series insist (vb): to be firm about something needed. make up (Ltn) to join. companions (Ltn) alone (Ltn) loosen.

htm .Prefixes. to argue retain (vb): to keep. turn (Ltn) spectator (n): a person who watches respiration (n): breathing stature (n) . Suffixes. vol Last revised: October 13. to get rid of territory (n): area of land attest (vb): to provide proof. C. tors. not occupied convene (vb): to assemble. useful visible (adj): able to be seen. spect spir stab. tent. http://www. vie. spic. to put into words versatile (adj): capable of changing or adapting.change (Ltn) see (Ltn) live (Ltn) call (Ltn) roll. limit (Ltn) earth (Ltn) see. keep. tort tract. 2005 Adapted from: Caglioti. viv voc.necessary for life vocal (adj): spoken or uttered by the voice revolve (vb): to turn around T U V vac ven. vis vit. divide (vb): to separate vital (adj) . treat uni look (Ltn) breath. ting tend. pull (Ltn) build (Ltn) touch (Ltn) stretch (Ltn) hold.liu. strict. to pull down tactile (adj): related to the sense of touch contend (vb): to strive or reach for. to say something is true thermometer (n): a device for measuring heat torsion (n): twisting of the body attract (vb): to draw toward. to make narrow destroy (vb): to ruin. to arouse interest unite (vb): to make one. spi. tin term terr test therm tor. vert vid. vent ver verb.height of a standing body. volt. to join together vacant (adj): empty. tang. boundary. stat strain. voke volv. "Preparation for an American University Program: Vocabulary Workshop" Southampton College of Long Island University. ten. stroy tact.southampton. squeeze. struct. to come together verify (vb): to confirm that something is true verbalize (vb): to express in words. importance of position constrict (vb) . witness (Ltn) heat (Grk) twist (Ltn) pull. draw (Ltn) one (Ltn) empty (Ltn) come (Ltn) true (Ltn) word (Ltn) turn. tens tain. to hold in place exterminate (vb): to kill off. and Roots 10 spec. have (Ltn) end. verv trai. stige stru. tig. soul (Ltn) stand (Ltn) bind.

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