Names of the Philippines at different times in history In so far as recorded history is concerned, Ma-i seems to be the earliest name under

which the Philippines was known to the Chinese traders, who were coming here in the tenth century A.D., attracted by such articles of commerce as yellow wax, cotton, pearls, tortoise shell, betel nuts, abaca, and so forth. For these Chinese would barter porcelain, trade gold, iron censers, lead, colored glass, beads, and iron needles. The natives enjoyed the reputation of being exceptionally honest in their their business dealings with the celestials. The name Ma-i was still very frequently used in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and probably long thereafter. According to Jose Rizal (national hero), on Ptolemy's map, which was made before the second century A.D., the group of islands now known as the Philippines was called Tawalisi. Ptolemy got his knowledge from a sailor named Hippalus, the same man who discovered the monsoons in the southeastern Asiatic regions. In later editions, however, there is group of islands in about the location of the Philippine group which bears in different editions the names ofManiolas, Barusas or Baroussai and Puloan or Palawan. In connection with these different names it is often stated that they were used in turn to designate the whole group. But according to Rizal, Baroussai is the Visayas in Ptolemy's maps. The name Puloan in the edition of 1540 must have been the name originally borne by the island of Palawan, while Maniolas, whch is very similar to Maynilad, must have been the name given to the vast region around Manila. Magellan, on seeing Samar and the neighboring islands from the Ladrones on March 16, 1521, gave to the new country the name of "The Archipelago of San Lazaro," it having been discovered on the Sabbath of St. Lazarus. The Archipelago was also called Val Seu Parigne or Valley Without Peril, in view of the hospitality and brotherly love shown by the natives to the discoverers, giving signs of joy because of their arrival, as distinguished from the hostile attitude under the cover of a seemingly hospitable but dishonest entertainment received from the people of the Ladrones Islands. In Spain, however, the Archipelago, soon after its discovery by Magellan, became popularly known the Islands of the West or Islas del Poniente, because Magellan came here by a westerly route from Spain The Portuguese, on contrary, called the group the Islands of the East or Islas del Oriente, because they came here by an easterly route from Portugal. By the Japanese the Achipelago was more often called the Luzon Islands, very clearly in accordance with the name of the island most familiar, because closest, to them. This form of the name of the island was more frequently written in other countries as the Luzones or Lucones. To the south Archipelago was often identified as the Celebes Archipelago or Islas de Liquios Celebesbecause of the Celebes Sea south of Mindanao. In 1542, Rui Lopez de Villalobos conceived the beautiful and very appropriate idea of baptizing the Archipelago with the name Felipinas,or Philipinas, as recorded by Alvarado, in honor of "our fortunate Prince," the man who saved it for Christendom, Rey Felipe II or King Philip II of Spain. Tis is the name which has been rendered into English as Philippines. Montero y Vidal says that the island first to receive the name Filipinas was Leyte, and the this name was given in July or August of the year 1543 to include some of the smaller islands in the group. Urdaneta used Las Islas Filipinas as we do now, standing for the whole Philippine group. Official Name: Republic of the Philippines Ophir- Oldname - Land that supplies King Solomon with Golds. Chinese name Ma-yi - (appear in Sung Dynasty) Chin-san - Mountain of Golds Liu sum - Land adjacent to the mainland (China) San Tao - Three Island Spanish La Agunda dela Buenas Senales - watering place of the good omen Archipelago de San Lazaro - Archipelago of San Lazaro Islas del Poniente -Western Island ( due to the ancient belief that world is flat ) Islas del Oriente - Eastern Island Archipelago de Magajaes - Archipelago of Magellan Archipelago de Celebes Las Islas Filipinas Other name: Island of mortars Pearl of the Orient Sea - given by Rizal

Artemio Ricarte Maharlika . Lazarus (by Magellan) Filipinas (by Ruy Lopez de Villalobos in honor of King Philip II of Spain) Philippine Islands (by the Americans) Republic of the Philippines (after its independence from American occupation) Historical Names  Ma-i. Ma-i also consists of the islands of Pai-p'u-yen (Babuyan).[8] Aside from San-sü.[7]  Ma-i consists of the San-sü ("Three islands") group of islands: Kia-ma-yen (Calamian). 5.[5] On the other hand. It means Land Adjacent to the Mainland) San Tao (also from Chinese records. Felipinas Las Islas Filipinas Islas del Poniente San Lázaro República Filipina (Malolos Congress proclamation) Philippine Islands (by American colonial authorities) NAMES OF THE PHILIPPINES The following names refer to the Philippines:           Pearl of the Orient Seas Ma-i or Mayi (from Chinese records.[5][6]   Liu-sung was the name given by the Chinese to the present-day island of Luzon. which means "country of the Blacks" was the Chinese local name of present-day Mindoro. 4. known to local Chinese as Mait. a wooden mortar that is used to pound rice. the Greek mapmaker in 90-168 AD) Archipelago of St. historians claimed that Ma-i was not an island. Versuch einer Ethnographie der Philippinen (An Attempt to the Study of Ethnography of the Philippines) that Mait.Rizaline Republic . Pa-lau-yu (Palawan) and Pa-ki-nung (Busuanga). When the Spanish produced . P'u-li-lu (Polillo). 6.proposed by President Marcos Gems of the East Emerald Island Isles of Hope Orphans of the Pacific Land of the Morning Isles of Sorrow Isles of Fear The following are the names given to the Philippines before the country got it's official name: "Republic of the Philippines" 1.[4] This was further proved by Ferdinand Blumentritt in his 1882 book. Li-kintung (Lingayen). literally "Description of the Peoples") written around 1225 AD the Annam and South Sea islands of China during the Song Dynasty.[6] which was known to be the Chinese settlements and in constant contact with the China Government as early as the 9th century CE and earlier. 2. It means Three Islands). According to the Chao Ju-kua's Zhufan Zhi (諸蕃志. 3. It means Land of the Barbarians) Chin-San (also from Chinese records. but all the south of South Sea islands groups and Manila itself. The islands groups were later invaded and renamed and identified by the Spanish to be the island ofMindoro.[9] It was said that these islands had contacts with Chinese traders from Canton (Guangdong) as early as 982 AD. there was a group of islands Chinese found in southern South Sea China called Ma-i orMa-yi. originated from the Tagalog word lusong. It means Mountain of Gold) Liu-Sung (also from Chinese records. Maniolas (by Claudius Ptolemy. Liu-sung (Luzon) andLi-ban (Lubang). or Chu-fan-chi.

The term originated from the idea of Spanish Jesuitmissionary Fr. the Viceroy of New Spain who commissioned Villalobos expedition to the Philippines. or Luzones Islands. Named by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 when he reached the islands of Homonhon in the island ofSamar (now present-day Eastern Samar) at the feast day of St. Named by Ruy López de Villalobos in 1543 to Samar and Leyte.[20] In the 1960 revision of the Philippine national anthem"Lupang Hinirang". various sources claimed that Magellan was not the one who renamed the area.[14] Villalobos also named the littoral zone between the islands of Samar and Leyte as Tendaya. the Portuguese called the archipelago Ilhas do oriente (Islands to the East) because they approached the islands from the east ofPortugal in late 1540s.[4] Las islas de Poniente (Islands to the West). or simply Filipinas (Philippines). The name came from the fact that the islands were reached from Spain en route approaching the left part of the globe. Dr.[19] In his last poem Mi último adiós.[15][16][17] The island of Sarangani was renamed by Villalobos as Antonia.[10]   Las islas de San Lázaro (St. then Luzon. albeit with the duty to serve the ruler in battle.[12] Mindanao was formerly called ilhas de Liquíos Celebes because of the existence of Celebes Sea south of Mindanao. they called the island Luçonia which was later respelled as Luzonia. but his chroniclers instead. Portmanteau of the first syllables of the country's three major island groups: Luzon.[4]Conversely. This was named after the Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (and I ofSpain). irrevocably became the archipelago's name.[18]       Las islas Filipinas.[27] Rizalia. Lazarus' Islands). This was later used by Macario Sakay for his 1902-1906 government that was suppressed by the Americans. intended to be governed by the 1896-1897 Republika ng Katagalugan(Tagalog Republic).[28] Disputed Names  . In Pre-Hispanic Philippines. and Mindanao. Mahárlika. Andrés Bonifacio's suggested name for the Filipino nation. former President Ferdinand Marcos supported a House Bill mandating the country's renaming toMahárlika. or its semi-equivalent Katipunan ("Assembly"/"Gathering").[11] However.[27] While exiled in Japan.[12] Las islas Felipenas (Philippine Islands/Islands belonging to Philip). the then Philip II of Spain. Juan J. the mahárlika was the "noble warrior" class whose members were essentially the same as the common man. Delgado in 1751.[13][14] Caesarea Caroli was the name given by Villalobos to the island of Mindanao when he reached the sea near it.maps of the Philippines during early 17th century.[12]   The Portuguese referred the whole island of Luzon as ilhas Luções. The word mahárlika came to mean "nobility" due to its Spanish translation. José Rizal referred the country with this name. [21] Proposed Names      Haring Bayang Katagalugan (Sovereign Tagalog Nation). the Tagalog version of this phrase was included as the translation from the original Spanish. Lazarus of Bethany. Appears more nowadays as a dated female given name. in honor of Antonio de Mendoza y Pacheco. Vernacular piracy of Las islas Felipenas. In 1978. honoring thePrince of Asturias. former revolutionary general Artemio Ricarte proposed the name República Rizalina ("Rizaline Republic") and had already drafted a constitution for this attempt at a revolutionary government. Named after national hero José Rizal in a similar fashion to Bolivia being named after its hero (Simón Bolivar).[25][26] Kapatiran ("Brotherhood"). Another name from Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 when he learned that the Las islas de San Lázaroalso included Cebu and Leyte islands. Visayas.[4] Pearl of the Orient/Pearl of the Orient Seas (Spanish: Perla de oriente/Perla del mar de oriente) is the sobriquet of the Philippines.[27] Luzviminda.

This theory was further supported by José Rizal and Pedro A. According to Fr. most famous for its wealth.[32] In 1609. Trinidad Pardo de Tavera rejected this notion on his 1910 book. At the emergence of the hydrography of Spanish colonies in Asia in the early 17th century.[31] Ophir (Hebrew: ) is a region of islands mentioned in the Bible. Ophir and the islands. Maniolas was the name used by Claudius Ptolemy to refer to the group of islands south of China. which is probably Manila. Dominican Gregorio García wrote that Ophir was indeed located in the Moluccas and the Philippines. Paterno said in one of his works on conjectural anthropology that Ophir is the Philippines because the scented wood Solomon received from Ophir also exists in the Islands. [34] . later dismissed by modern historians as merely alluding and comparing the Philippines' position to the Spanish economy with that of Ophir to Solomon's kingdom—the sudden discovery and colonisation of the Islands bringing wealth and prosperity to the realm.[33] This notion was however. Rizal also said that the country was recorded to Ptolemy's maps when a sailor named Hippalus told him the existence of "beautiful islands" in southeastern Far East. Juan de Pineda wrote a diverse collection of literature relating Biblical accounts of Solomon. Paterno.[32] Former Prime Minister Pedro A. Notas para una cartografia de Filipinas (Notes for the Philippine Cartography).[24][29] Colin quoted Ptolemy's writings speaking about the Maniolas islands. Francisco Colin in 1663. Accounts mention that King Solomon received the riches of the region every three years.[12][30] However.  Maniolas. a Jesuit friar and an early historian of the Philippines.

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