# AP® Statistics

2011 Free-Response Questions
Form B

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Questions begin on page 6.2011 AP® STATISTICS FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS (Form B) Formulas begin on page 3. -2- . Tables begin on page 12.

1) + (n2 .x n -1 sp = (n1 .1 Ë sx b1 = r sy sx ( Â yi .1) yˆ = b0 + b1 x ( )( Â xi .1)s22 (n1 .b1 x r = Êx 1 ÂÁ i n .yˆi sb = 1 x ˆ Ê yi .x )2 )2 -3- .1)s21 + (n2 .2011 AP® STATISTICS FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS (Form B) Formulas (I) Descriptive Statistics Â xi n x = ( ) sx = 2 1 Â xi .y b1 = ( Â xi .x )2 ) b0 = y .x yi .y ˆ ˜Á s ˜ ¯Ë y ¯ ( n-2 Â xi .

then: Ê nˆ P ( X = k ) = Á ˜ p k (1 .p)n .p) μ pˆ = p p(1 . then: μx = μ sx = s n -4- .μ x ) 2 pi If X has a binomial distribution with parameters n and p.k Ë k¯ μ x = np s x = np(1 .P ( A « B ) P ( A B) = P ( A « B) P ( B) E ( X ) = μ x = Â xi pi ( Var( X ) = s 2x = Â xi .p) n s pˆ = If x is the mean of a random sample of size n from an infinite population with mean μ and standard deviation s .2011 AP® STATISTICS FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS (Form B) (II) Probability P ( A » B ) = P ( A) + P ( B ) .

p1 ) p2 (1 .p ) Chi-square test statistic = Â -5- 1 1 + n1 n2 (observed .p2 ) + n1 n2 Difference of sample proportions Special case when p1 = p2 p (1 .p) n Statistic Two-Sample Standard Deviation of Statistic Statistic Difference of sample means s12 s 22 + n1 n2 Special case when s1 = s 2 s 1 1 + n1 n2 p1 (1 .expected )2 expected .2011 AP® STATISTICS FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS (Form B) (III) Inferential Statistics Standardized test statistic: statistic .parameter standard deviation of statistic Confidence interval: statistic ± (critical value ) ∑ (standard deviation of statistic ) Single-Sample Sample Mean Standard Deviation of Statistic s n Sample Proportion p(1 .

1. explain how you think the mean P-T ratio during the 2001–2002 school year will compare for the two groups (west and east). (c) Using your answers in parts (a) and (b). (b) Write a few sentences comparing the distributions of P-T ratios for states in the two groups (west and east) during the 2001–2002 school year. because you will be scored on the correctness of your methods as well as on the accuracy and completeness of your results and explanations. Then use this procedure to estimate the median of the west group and the median of the east group. Percent of Section II score—75 Directions: Show all your work. Visit the College Board on the Web: www.org. and the histogram on the right displays the ratios for the 26 states that are east of the Mississippi River. the ratio of the number of pupils to the number of teachers (P-T ratio) can be calculated for each state. -6- .2011 AP® STATISTICS FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS (Form B) STATISTICS SECTION II Part A Questions 1-5 Spend about 65 minutes on this part of the exam. © 2011 The College Board. The histogram on the left displays the ratios for the 24 states that are west of the Mississippi River. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. Records are kept by each state in the United States on the number of pupils enrolled in public schools and the number of teachers employed by public schools for each school year. The histograms below show the P-T ratio for every state during the 2001–2002 school year.collegeboard. (a) Describe how you would use the histograms to estimate the median P-T ratio for each group (west and east) of states. From these records. Indicate clearly the methods you use.