FASSI

NOTES:

Indo-Pak History
Objective Book 712-onwards
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of this material shall be solely borne by the user.

Prepared by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam
M.A (English), L.L.B – Advocate Contact: 03337089089 / 03336587420 E-mail: mfaisalulislam@yahoo.com
12/2/2012

All rights are reserved, no part of this document may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of Advocate Muhammad Faisal ul Islam

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Table of Contents
Sultante Period ........................................................................... 2
Chronological Table of Sultante ...................................................................................... 4 Objective Questions On Sultante Period ......................................................................... 6 Some More Questions On Sultante Period .................................................................... 18 Miscellaneous Questions On Sultante Period ................................................................21

Mughal Period .......................................................................... 28
Chronological Table of Mughals .................................................................................... 28 Objective Questions On Mughal Period .........................................................................31

Pre-Partition ............................................................................. 38 Post Partition ............................................................................ 54 Islamic Republic of Pakistan ..................................................... 66
Basic Knwoledge about Various Fields and things in Pakistan .................................... 66 Geography of Pakistan ................................................................................................... 75 Foreign Policy of Pakistan ............................................................................................. 90 Miscellaneous ................................................................................................................. 98

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Sultanate Period
GHAZNAVIDS
1. Alaptagin was the first Turkish adventurer whose name is associated with the story of Muslim Conquests of India. 2. Alaptagin was a slave of Abdul Malik, The Samanid king of Bukhara. 3. Alaptagin was appointed as governor of khurasan in 956 A.D. 4. Alaptagin settled in Ghazni in Afghan territory. 5. Subaktagin was slave of Alaptagin. 6. After the death of Alaptagin, he became the king of Ghazni. 7. Subaktagin was given the title of Amir-ul-Umra. 8. Subaktagin secured the province of Khorasan in 994 A.D. 9. He decided to conquer india, for which he met with Raja Jaipal, the first enemy. 10. On 986-87 A.D. Subaktagin attacked the indian territory for the first time. 11. In 997 A.D. Subaktagin died . 12. Subaktagin ruled twenty years.

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SULTAN MAHMUD GHAZNAVI
1. He was the son of Subaktagin. 2. Born in 971 AD and died in 1030 A.D. 3. His mother was the daughter of a noble of Zabalistan, a district around ghazni. 4. Mahmud Ghazni defeated his brother Ismail and imprisoned him, and became the king in place of his father. 5. At the time, Al-Qadir-Billah was Khalifah who gave him a robe of honour and also conferred upon him the title of Yamin-ud-daulah (the right hand of the empire) and Amin-ul-Millat (custodian of faith). 6. He also appointed Mahmud as his lieutenant. 7. Mahmud led as many as seventeen expeditions. however some historians gave the number as 12. It appears that the number 17 is more correct. 8. The first expedition was against the frontier towns in 1000 A.D. 9. Second expedition was in the same year against Jaipal. 10. Third expedition was against the Raja of Bhatiya who was defeated by Mahmud. 11. The fourth invasion was against Abdul fateh Daud, the ruler of Multan in 1006 A.D. 12. After some time Mahmud had to invade india to punish Sukhpal who gave up islam,

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He was defeated and impriosoned. That was his fifth expedition. 13. The sixth expedition was directed against Anandpal in 1008 A.D. 14. In 1009 A.D Mahmud led the seventh expedition against the Nagarkot in Kangrra hills. 15. In 1010 A.D. Mahmud marched towards Multan against the rebellious chief, Daud who was defeated and punished. 16. In 1014 Mahmud made his 9th expedition and captured Nananah after a brief siege. 17. In 1014, Mahmud led his 10th expedition against Thansewar. 18. In between 1015 and 1021 A.D Mahmud made two unsuccessful attempts to conquer Kashmir But on both occasions he was unsuccessful. It is called Eleventh attempt. 19. The twelfth expedition was against Kanauj in 1018 A.D. 20. In 13th expedition, Mahmud defeated Chandela, king of Kalinjar. 21. Fourteenth attempt was against Brindaban, He was defeated and Mahmud entered kanauj in 1021-1022 A.D. 22. His fifteenth attempt was against Chandela in 1022 A.D , He won an unexpected victory. 23. 1025-1026 A.D, Mahmud laid seige to Gwalior and Kalinjar, the famous fortress of Gonda, Mahmud defeated Gonda. 24. 16th expedition was most important of all, It was against Somnath in january 1025 A.D. 25. Mahmud's last invasion was against Jats who modested muslim army on return journey from Somnath in 1027 A.D

MASUD (1030 to 1040)
1. Masud was the son of mahmud. 2. Muhammad was also the son of Mahmud. 3. Masud became his successor after his death. 4. Amir maudood was the son of Masud. 5. Hasnak was the minister of Masud. 6. Ariyarak was also a minister of Masud. 7. Niyaltgin was the governor of Masud. 8. Tilak was a hindu of low birth but he was a man of great ability and courage. He was the private secretary of Masud. 9. Masud was put into prison and then to death in 1041 A.D. 10. Masud was succeeded by his son Maudood. he defeated Muhammad, his uncle, who was responsible for the death of his father.

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CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF SULTANATE PERIOD
712 Arab conquest of Sindh. 961 Alaptigin appointed Governor of Khurasan. 977-97 Sabuktgin, King of Ghazni. 986-87 Sabuktgin attacked Jaipal. 991 Jaipal organized confederacy of rules against Sabuktgin. 998-1030 Mahmud Ghazni. 1000 Mahmud’s first expedition. 1001 Mahmud’s second expedition against Jaipal. 1006 Mahmud’s fourth invasion against Daud, ruler of Multan. 1008 Mahmud’s sixth expedition against Anandpal. 1009 Mahmud’s expedition against Nagarkot. 1010 Mahmud defeated Daud of Multan again. 1014 Mahmud led an expedition against Thaneswar. 1015-1021 Unsuccessful effort to conqueror to Kashmir. 1018-19 Expedition of Mahmud against Qanauj. 1021 Unsuccessful effort to conqueror Kashmir. 1021-22 Mahmud laid siege to Gwalior. 1021-22 Trinochanpal defeated and killed. 1025-26 Mahmud’s expedition against Somnath. 1030-40 Reign of Masud, son of Mahmud. 1037 Conquest of Hansi by Masud. 1059 Ibrahim ascended the throne of Ghazni. 1117 Death of Arslan, the last ruler of Ghazni. 1155 Ala-ud-Din Hussain of Ghour attacked Ghazni and destroyed it. 1168 Death of Ala-ud-Din Hussain. 1175 Invasion against Multan by Muhammad Ghouri. 1179 Muhammad attacked and captured Peshawar. 1181 Muhammad Ghouri forced Khusrau Malik of Lahore to make peace with him. 1182 Muhammad Ghouri invaded Lowe Sindh. 1185-86 Muhammad attacked Punjab again. 1186 Lahore captured by Muhammad Ghouri. 1191 First battle of Tarain and defeat of Muhammad Ghouri by Pirthvi Raj Chauhan. 1192 Second battle of Tarain and defeat of Pirthvi Raj. 1194 Conquest of Qanauj and defeat of Jai Chand. 1195-96 Muhammad Ghouri defeated Bhatti Rajputs. 1197 Conquest of Bihar by Bakhtiar Khilji. 1197-98 Qutb-ud-Din Aibak conquered Badayun. 1202-03 Kalinjar, Mahoba and Khajuraho occupied by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak. 1204-05 Conquest of Bengal by Bakhtiar Khilji. 1205 Failure of Bakhtiar to conqueror Tibet. 1206 Death of Muhammad Ghouri. 1206-90 The Slave Dynasty. 1206-10 Qutb-ud-Din Aibak, ruler of Delhi. 1210-11 Aram Shah. 1211-36 Iltumish, Sultan of Delhi.

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1216 Defeat of Yildoz by Iltumish. 1217 Iltumish declared war against Qabacha. 1221 The Mongols appeared on banks of the Indus. 1223 Expedition of Iltumish against Bengal. 1226 Conquest of Ranthamhor by Iltumish. 1231 Gwalior besieged by Iltumish. 1231-02 Qutb Minar of Delhi completed. 1234-05 Expedition of Iltumish against Malwa. 1235 Expedition of Iltumish against Banain. 1236-40 Reign of Sultana Razia. 1240-02 Bahram Shah. 1241 Mongols attacked India. 1242-06 Reign of Ala-ud-Din Masud Shah. 1245 Mongols invaded India again. 1246-66 Reign of Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud. 1266-86 Reign of Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban. 1279 Mongol invasion of India. 1285 Mongol invasion and death of Prince Mahmud, son of Balban. 1287 Death of Balban. 1286 Kai-Khusrau. 1287-90 Kaiqubad. 1290-1320 The Khilji Dynasty 1290-06 Jalal-ud-Din Khilji. 1292 Mongol invasion under Abdullah, grandson of Halaku Khan. 1292 Ala-ud-Din invaded Malwa and captured Bhilsa. 1294 Ala-ud-Din defeated Ram Chandra, ruler of Devagiri. 1295-1316 Reign of Ala-ud-Din Khilji. 1296 First Mongol invasion of India. 1297 Second Mongol invasion of India. 1299 Third Mongol invasion of India. 1299 Conquest of Gujrat. 1301 Conquest of Ranthamhbor. 1303 Fourth Mongol invasion India. 1303 Conquest of Mewar. 1305 Conquest of Malwa. 1306 Mongol invasion of India. 1307 Conquest of Devagiri by Malik Kafur. 1307-08 Last Mongol invasion of India. 1308 Conquest of ruler of Sevana in Rajputana. 1310 Conquest of Telinganga by Malik Kafur. 1310 Conquest of Dwarsamudra. 1311 Conquest of Pandya Kingdom. 1316 Death Ala-ud-Din on 2nd January. 1316-20 Reign of Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah. 1320 Nasir-ud-Din Khusrau Shah. 1320-1412 The Taghluq Dynasty. 1320-25 Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq.

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1325-51 Reign of Muhammad bin Taghluq. 1327 Transfer of Capital to Daulatabad from Dehli. 1328-09 Invasion of India by Tarmashirin Khan, Chaghtai Chief of Transoxiana. 1329-30 Token Currency Experiment. 1336 Harihar founded the Kingdom of Vijayanagar. 1337 Conquest of fort of Nagarkot in Kangra District of Punjab. 1347 Foundation of Bahmani kingdom. 1351 Death of Muhammad Taghluq on 20th March. 1351-88 Reign of Firuz Taghluq. 1353-54 Invasion of Bengal by Firuz Taghluq. 1359-60 Another invasion of Bengal by Firuz Taghluq. 1361-62 Firuz marched towards Thatta, Capital of Jams of Sindh. 1388 Death of Firuz Taghluq on 20th September. 1388-89 Reign of Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq Shah II. 1389-90 Reign of Abu Bakr Shah. 1394 Ala-ud-Din Sikandar Shah. 1390-04 Reign of Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad. 1394-1413 Nasir-ud-Muhammad Taghluq. 1398-99 Timur’s invasion of India. 1413-04 Daulat khan Lodi. 1414-51 The Sayyid Dynasty. 1414-21 Khizr Khan 1421-34 Mubarak Shah. 1434-44 Muhammad Shah. 1444-51 Alam Shah. 1451-1526 The Lodi Dynasty. 1451-89 Bahlol Lodi. 1489-1517 Sikandar Shah. 1504 City of Agra founded by Sikandar Shah. 1508 Conquest of Marwar. 1517 Death of Sikandar Shah on 21st November. 1517-26 Ibrahim Lodi. 1526 First battle of Panipat. Ibrahim was defeated and killed. Babur founded Mughal dynasty.

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS ON SULTANATE PERIOD
Q. Qutb-ud-Din Aibak cannot be called the sovereign ruler of the sultanate because he: A. Did not assume the title of Sultan and issued no coins nor the Khutba was read in his name. Q. The part of Delhi where Qutb-ud-Din Aibak laid the foundation of the first so-called “Seven Cities” of medieval Delhi, was: A. Mehrauli

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Q. Which of the following was not a chronicler of the history of the sultanate?A. Abbas Khan Sharwani. Q. Why is the description of the dynasty founded by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak as “Slave Dynasty”. A. Because technically only Qutb-ud-Din Aibak started his career as a slave. Q. The Sultans of the so-called Slave Dynasty are also sometimes known as “ilbari Turks” because they belonged to the tribe ILBARI in Turkestan. Which of the following rulers did not belong to Ilbari tribe? a. Qutb-ud-Din Aibak b. Iltumish c. Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud d. Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban Q. The first sovereign ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi was: A. Iltumish Q. The first Sultan of Delhi to issue regular currency and declared Delhi as the capital of his empire was: A. Iltumish. Q. The Chalisa or the Group of Forty was the nick name of the: A. Forty leading slave officers of Iltumish. Q. From the death of Iltumish till the accession of Balban the actual power was wielded by: a. The army b. The nobility c. The theologians Q. The Sultan who called himself Naib-e-Khuda or Deputy of the God, was:A. Balban Q. The Diwan-e-Arz or the department of military affairs was created by:A. Balban Q. The greatest contribution of the Balban was/were: a. He propounded the theory of Kingship. b. He restored peace in the Doab. c. Both (a) and (b) above.

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Q. Which of the following was the low caste (parwari) Hindu convert who usurped the throne from the Khilijis before the establishment of the succeeding Taghluq dynasty? a. Malik Kafur. b. Khusru Khan c. Amir Khusrau d. Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak. Q. Which of the following came to the throne immediately after the death of Nasiruddin Mahmud, the last ruler of Taghluq dynasty. Ans. Daulat Khan Lodi. Q. During whose reign did Timur (Tamerlane), a Central Asian Turk, invade India and sack Delhi: Ans. Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Taghluq. Q. The dynasty founded by Khizr Khan, Timur’s nominee, is known as the Syed dynasty, because: Ans. Khizr Khan was a descendant of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Q. The rulers of the Lodi Dynasty were: Ans. Pure Afghans. Q. The reign of which of the following Sultans is said to mark the highest point of territorial expansion of the Sultanate. a. Ala-ud-Din Khilji. b. Muhammad bin Taghluq. c. Firuz Taghluq. d. Sikandar Lodi. Q. Spot the most controversial of the following: a. Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban. b. Ala-ud-Din Khilji. c. Muhammad bin Taghluq. d. Firuz Taghluq. Q. Who founded the fortress city of Taghluqabad near Delhi? Ans. Giyas-ud-Taghluq. Q. The “Chalisa” or the Group of Forty was liquidated by: Ans. Balban.

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Q. To streamline the working of the Military Department Ala-ud-Din Khilji introduced: a. Preparation of the regular muster of the armed forces. b. Introduction of the system of branding (dagh) of horses. c. Payment of cash salaries to soldiers. d. All of the above. Q. Which of the following was not one of the long-term benefits of the transfer of capital by Muhammad bin Taghluq to Daulatabad. Ans. It resulted in a new process of cultural interaction between North and South India. Q. Ala-ud-Din Khilji captured the throne after securing fabulous wealth form: Ans. Devagiri. Q. The token currency introduce by Muhammad bin Taghluq was the tanka of inferior metal in place of the prevalent silver tanka. Which of the following metal did he use for issuing the token currency? Ans. Bronze. Q. The original name of Ala-ud-Din Khilji Ans. Ali Gurshap. Q. Ala-ud-Din theory of kingship was based on the concept that: a. ‘Kingship knows no kinship’ b. As a ruler he was a law unto himself. c. The good of the state and the benefit of the people is the highest ideal. d. All of the above. Q. Who selected the site for the city of Agra as his capital? Ans. Sikandar Lodi. Q. In a formal sense, which of the following correctly describes the nature of the state during Sultanate period in India. Ans. Autocracy. Q. The Sultan who styled himself the Second Alexander was: Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji. Q. Which of the following was the first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate to put forward the view that kingship should be based on the willing support of he governed? Ans. Jalal-ud-Din Khilji.

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Q. The first Sultan who requested and obtained letters of investiture from the Caliph was: Ans. Iltumish. Q. The Sultan who refused to recognize the authority of the Caliph was: Ans. Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak. Q. To prevent the frequent occurrence of rebellion Ala-ud-Din Khilji ordered: a. Appropriation off all pensions and endowments to the state. b. Establishment of an efficient intelligence system. c. Total prohibition on the sale of intoxicants. d. All of the above. Q. The main motive of Ala-ud-Din Khilji in introducing market control measures or economics regulations was: Ans. General welfare of the people. Q. The decisive factor in the succession to the throne was: Ans. Law of primogeniture. Q. The nobility of the Sultanate was largely composed of: Ans. Turks. Q. A group of officers to be collectively known as umarahs were: Ans. Nobles. Q. Which of the following was the most well known powerful and the earliest nobility created during the Sultanate period? Ans. Turkan-e-Chahalgani. Q. Who were the bands? Ans. The news reporter and the secret spies. Q. The Diwan-e-Wizarat had under it other minor departments, each under a district officer of its own. Which of the following heads of departments did not help the wazir in the management of state finances? Ans. Dewan-e-Riyasat or department incharge, public grievances, weights and measures, markets etc. Q. The main factors that went into the making of the administrative policy and organization of the Sultanate was/were: a. The model of the government of Caliph and the Persian government. b. The practices and conventions of the race to which the Sultans belonged. c. The machinery of the government already existing in the country. d. All of the above.

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Q. A Persian Historian of the Sultanate period who accompanied Ala-udDin Khilji on his expedition to Chittor was: Ans. Amir Khusrau. Q. The story that Ala-ud-Din Khilji invaded Chittor to secure Padmini, the Queen of Rana Ratna Sing of Mewar was vividly described by: Ans. Malik Muhammad Jayasi in his epic Padmavat. Q. The fiscal policy of the Sultanate was modeled on the theory of finance of the Hanfi School of Muslim jurists. From whom did the Sultans borrow this system? Ans. The Gaznavids. Q. The provincial governors during the Sultanate period were designated as: a. Wali. b. Muqti or Muqtai c. Naib d. All of the above. Q. The administrative officer whose functions and duties are not matched properly is: Ans. Naib-ul-Mulk, Deputy Prime Minister. Q. The maximum number of Mongol invasions took place during the reign of:Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji. Q. The first Sultan to adopt the principle of measurement of cultivable land for determining land revenue was: Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji. Q. Ala-ud-Din Khilji’s market control system died instantaneously with his death because: Ans. It was based on the principle of demand and supply and the whole system was kept alive by the use of brute force. Q. Several types of IQTAS were granted during the Sultanate period. Which of the following was the most important Iqta? Ans. The administrative Iqta in the form of military grant. Q. Which of the following was the most important contribution of Balban in the evolution of Iqta system? Ans. The principle of hereditary Iqta was completely rejected by him.

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Q. Which of the following fundamental changes in the Iqta system was introduced by Sultan Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq? Ans. A drew a line between allotment of the revenues within in an iqta for the personal income of the muqta and that for the payment of salaries to the troops placed under his charge. Q. To curb hoarding and black marketing Ala-ud-Din Khilji ordered that: a. Land revenue should be collected in kind. b. Cultivator should sell the harvested crops on the field only. c. Merchants should sell all commodities in the open. d. All of the above. Q. The Sultan who is said to have raised the land revenue to one half of the produce was: Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji. Q. Why did Ala-ud-Din Khilji enjoin collection of land revenue in kind in lieu of cash? Ans. It ensured the availability of food grains in the towns and helped him in his economic regulation or market control. Q. What was the overall objective of the changes and reforms introduced by Ala-ud-Din in agrarian system? Ans. On political and military consideration. Q. At the time of Ala-ud-Din Khilji’s accession, the revenue department was notorious for corruption and bribery. Which of the following measures were taken by him to eradicate corruption from the revenue department. Ans. The barids (secret spies) were instructed to report every case of corrupt practices of revenue official. Q. Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi ascended the throne of Ghazni in ……Ans. 998 A.D. Q. Mahmud Ghaznavi invaded the sub continent for: Ans. 17 times. Q. Mahmud Ghaznavi launched his 1st invasion of Indo-Pakistan in ……. Ans. 1000 A.D. Q. Mahmud’s third expedition was directed against the ruler of Bhira: Ans. Baji Rao.

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Q. Mahmud’s fourth expedition was directed against Abdul Fateh Daud who was the ruler of: Ans. Multan. Q. After conquering Multan, Sultan Mahmud appointed …….as the Governor of Multan. Ans. Sukhpal. Q. Mahmud Ghaznavi attacked Gwalior in …… Ans. 1021 A.D. Q. The first battle of Tarain was fought between Muhammad Ghouri and……in….. Ans. Pirthvi Raj, 1191 A.D. Q. The second battle of Tarain took place in…… Ans. 1192 A.D. Q. Sultan Qutb-ud-Din Aibak founded the…….dynasty in indo-Pakistan. Ans. Slave. Q. Sultan Qutb-ud-Din Aibak died in……when he fell from the horse while playing polo. Ans. 1210 A.D. Q. Chengiz Khan led an attack of Mongols on Indo-Pakistan in……. Ans. 1221 A.D. Q. Balban suppressed the revolt of……in Bengal and appointed……..as governor. Ans. Tughni Khan, Bughre Khan. Q. In 1290 A.D……..ascended the throne of Delhi. Ans. Jalal-ud-Din Khilji. Q. Malik Kafur was the favorite minister of…….. Ans. Jalal-ud-Din Khilji. Q. Muhammad Taghluq shifted his capital to Daulatabad from……. Ans. Delhi. Q. Ibne Batuta was a famous traveler from Africa. He was born at……in……Ans. Tangier, 1304 A.D. Q. Ibne Batuta visited Indo-Pakistan in…… Ans. 1333 A.D.

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Q. Muhammad Taghluq was succeeded by: Ans. Firuz Shah Taghluq. Q. In which the year Taimur the leader of Chagtai Turks, invaded IndoPakistan…… Ans. 1398 A.D. Q. Which of the following was the greatest contribution of Ala-ud-Din Khilji in the field of agrarian administration. Ans. He was first to introduce the system of measurement of land for the assessment of revenue. Q. Which of the following agrarian measures was not taken by Ghiyas-udDin Taghluq? Ans. He made a large reduction in the scale of revenue fixed by Ala-ud-Din and brought it down to one-sixth of the gross produce. Q. Muhammad bin Taghluq created the Diwan-e-Kohi or department of agriculture primarily to: Ans. Introduce state promoted irrigation. Q. Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq attempted to improve agricultural production by: a. Discarding the system of measurement of land for the assessment of land revenue. b. Encouraging the cultivators to bring the unclaimed lands under the plough. c. Giving up the oppressive methods for the collection of land revenue. Ans. All of the above. Q. The state promoted canal irrigation system was initiated by: Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq. Q. The conquest of South India was completed during the reign of: Ans. Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq. Q. The credit for completing the conquest of South India goes to: Ans. Muhammad Jauna Khan. Q. Which of the following was not one of the revenue and agrarian measures of Firuz Taghluq? Ans. He retained only four kind of taxes sanctioned by the Quran (Kharaj, Zakat, Jeziah and Khums). Q. The sultan who first formulated the Famine Code to provide relief to famine-affected people was: Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq.

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Q. The most learned medieval Muslim ruler who was well versed in various branches of learning including astronomy, mathematic and medicine was: Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq. Q. Muhammad bin Taghluq’s experiment of introducing token currency failed on account of: Ans. Large scale minting of spurious coins. Q. What was Babur’s mother tongue? Ans. Turkish. Q. Who is Hoysals? Ans. A kingdom of south during Ala-ud-Din Khilji’s period. Q. What is Raja Tarangini? Ans. It is a book on history of Kashmir written by Pandit Kachan. Q. What is Kashak-e-Siri? Ans. This was the name of palace of Ala-ud-Din. Q. What is iqta? Ans. A piece of land granted by the ruler to some his subjects for their services. Q. Who was Malik Kafur? Ans. He was General of Ala-ud-Din Khilji. Q. Who was Kaiqubad? Ans. He was a son of Bughra Khan. Q. Who constructed Alai Darwaza? Ans. Ala-ud-Din Khilji constructed it near Qutb Minar. Q. What is Chachnama? Ans. This is a book of history of Arab conquest written by Hamid Kafi. Q. What was alar? Ans. It was capital of Raja Jai Chand. Q. Where is located Mathura and why it was famous? Ans. It is the birth place of Lord Krishna. It is located between Delhi and Agra. Q. What is Tabakat-e-Nasiri? Ans. It is a book of history written by Minhaj-us-Siraj.

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Q. Who was Tughril? Ans. During Balban period he was governor of Bengal and he revolted against Balban. Q. Who was Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zakiriya? Ans. He was a great saint of Suhrwardi branch of mysticism and flourished in Multan. Q. Who Sadi Muta? Ans. He was a saint of Jalal-ud-Din Khilji’s period and executed on charges of political treason. Q. What was Deogiri? Ans. It was the capital of Raja Ram Chander Dev in Deccan. Later on it was conquered by Ala-ud-Din Khilji and named Daulatabad by Muhammad Taghluq. Q. Who was Jauna Khan? Ans. Jauna was the original name of Muhammad bin Taghluq. Q. Who wrote “Tarikh-e-Mubarak Shahi”? Ans. It is a book of history on Syed dynasty written by Yahya Sirhindi. Q. Where is Uch and why it is famous? Ans. It is place near Bahwalpor district; it is famous because of Makhdoom Jahanian. Q. Who wrote “Fatuhat-e-Firuz Shahi”? Ans. It was written by Firuz Shah Taghluq. Q. Who was Shiqdar? Ans. This was a revenue officer who managed a revenue division called Shiq. Q. Who wrote “Fatwa-e-Jahandari”? Ans. This was written by Zia-ud-Din Barhi. Q. Who was the Shams Siraj Atif? Ans. The author of “Tarikh-e-Firuz-Shah”. Q. What is “Fawaid-ul-Faud”? Ans. This is a book written by Amir Hasan Ala Sijzi about the talks of Hazrat Nizam-udDin Aulia. Q. What is Amiri Trab? Ans. This is entertainment tax leased before the period of Firuz Shah Taghluq. Q. Who was Shaikh Jamali? Ans. He was the author of “Siyar-ul-Arifin” and he was also the tutor of Sikandar Lodi. Q. What was the famous Forty? Ans. This term refers to the forty slaves of Iltumish who played important role in

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contemporary politics. Q. Why Panipat is famous? Ans. This is a famous town near Delhi. Three important battles were fought on this ground. 1. First between Babur against Ibrahim Lodi in 1520 A.D. 2. Second was between Bairam against Hemu in 1556 A.D. 3. The third was between Ahmad Shah Abdali versus Marhata leaders in 1761 A.D. Q. Who Khawaja Moeen-ud-Din Ajmeri? Ans. He was a great saint of Chishti sect of Islamic Mysticism. Q. Who was Firdausi? Ans. He wrote Shahnama and was also a court poet of Mahmud of Ghazni. Q. Who was Baghat Kabir? Ans. He was founder of Bakhti movement and flourished in 15th century. Q. What is Masjid Jamat Khana? Ans. This is the name of a Mosque located in the Khangah of Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Aulia at Delhi. Q. What is Jainism? Ans. This is a religious movement started by Mahavirs. Q. Who was Khusrau Khan? Ans. Khusrau Khan was low born Hindu who became the governor of Deccan. Q. Who wrote “Tarikh-e-Firuz Shahi”? Ans. This was written by Zia-ud-Din Bami. Q. Who was Qutb-ud-Din Aibak? Ans. He was a great commander of Muhammad Ghouri who laid the foundation of Slave Dynasty. Q. Who was Ghari Malik? Ans. This was the original name of Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq. Q. What is Daulatabad? Ans. Deogiri was given the name of Daulatabad by Muhammad Taghluq. Q. Who was Malik Ayaz? Ans. Ayaz was favorite slave of King Mahmud of Ghazni. Q. What was Kandesh? Ans. This was the name of a small kingdom during Sultanate period.

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Q. Who was Sabuktgin? Ans. He was ruler of Ghazni. He ruled Ghazni from 977 to 997 A.D. Q. Who was Bakhtiyar Khilji? Ans. He was a celebrated slave of Mahmud Gaznavi. He conquered Bengal. Q. Where is located Tarain, why it is famous? Ans. Tarain is located 14 miles away from Thanesar. It is now called Tarqwari and is famous for the battle of Tarain. Q. Who was Ibn-e-Batota? Ans. He was a famous African Traveler who stayed in the court of Muhammad bin Taghluq for several years. He traveled over the quarter part of the world from China to India. Q. What is Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque? Ans. This is the name of a Mosque built by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak near Qutb Minar at Delhi.

SOME MORE QUESTIONS ON SULTANATE PERIOD
1. Islam was introduced in India by: Ans. The Arabs. 2. Pirthvi Raj was overthrown and killed in 1192 A.D. at Thanesar by: Ans .Muhammad Ghouri. 3. Qutb Minar of Delhi was designed as a tower of victory being the hall mark of the empire of: Ans. The Turks. 4. Ibn-e-Batota was at the court of: Ans. Muhammad bin Taghluq. 5. The famous garden Ram Bagh at Agra was laid out by: Ans. Sikandar Lodi. 6. The Lodi Dynasty was founded by: Ans. Bahlol 7. “Fawaid-ul-Faud” was compiled by: Ans. Amir Hasan Ala Sujzi. 8. The Syed Dynasty was founded by: Ans. Khizar Khan.

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9. The Buland Darwaza is situated at: Ans. Fatehpur Sikri. 10. Arhi Din ka Jhaunpra was: Ans. A Mosque. 11. “Futuh-ul-Buldan” was written by: Ans. Allama Al-Buladhuri. 12. Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya was a Sufi of: Ans. Chishtia Order. 13. Sultan Nasir-ud-Din Khusrau Khan had his origin in the dynasty of: a. The Slaves. b. The khiljis. c. The Taghluqs. d. None of the above. 14. Bagh-e-Dilkusha was: Ans. A Garden. 15. Battle of Chausa was fought in: Ans. 1539 A.D. 16. Ray Tarangini was: Ans. A Book. 17. One of the earliest coming Saints to Indian was: Ans. Qutb-ud-Din Bakhtiar Kaki. 18. Ahmadnagar State was ruled by: Ans. Nizam Shahi. 19. Sindh and Multan were conquered by Muhammad Bin Qasim under the reign of the Islamic Caliph: Ans. Walid bin Abdul Malik. 20. Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Popularly known as Hazrat Data Ganj Bux) belonged to: Ans. Soharwardi order. 21. “Fatwa-e-Jahandari” was written by: Ans. Zia-ud-Din Barani. 22. Ala-ud-Din Khilji conquered Deogiri in: Ans. 1306 A.D.

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23. In a battle near Peshawar Jaipal was defeated by Mahmud of Ghazni in: Ans. 1001 A.D. 24. Pirthvi Raj the ruler of Delhi and Ajmer was defeated by: Ans. Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghouri. 25. “Afzal-ul-Fawaid” was compiled by: Ans. Amir Khusrau. 26. At the time of Muslim invasion in 712 A.D. Babul was protected by: Ans. Pirates of Daible. 27. Alaptigin founded the Ghaznavi dynasty in: Ans. 962 A.D. 28. The first expedition of Mahmud Ghaznavi was undertaken against: Ans. Towns of the Khyber Pass. 29. Jai Chand was defeated in 1194 A.D by: Ans. Muhammad Ghouri. 30. On his accession to the throne Iltumish had to fight against: Ans. Taj-ud-Din Yalduz. 31. The “Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque” was built by: Ans. Iltumish. 32. Who contributed largely in the spread of Islam in Bengal? Ans. Shahab-ud-Din Suharwardi. 33. “Tabaqat-e-Nasiri” was written by: Ans. Minhaj-us-Siraj. 34. The “Alai Darwaza” is situated at: Ans. Delhi. 35. Baba Farid Ganj Shakar was a saint of: Ans. Chishtia order. 36. “Muntakhib-ul-Tawarikh” was written by: Ans. Mullah Abdul Qadir Bidyuni.

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MISSCELANEOUS QUESTIONS ON SULTANATE PERIOD
1. The real founder of Muslim empire in india was Muiz-ud-din Muhammad bin sam , popularly known as Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghouri. 2. The district of ghour is situated in hills between Ghazni and Heraat. 3. Malik Qutbuddin hassan, a prince was put to death by king Bahram. 4. Saifuddin Sun was the brother of Qutbuddin hassan. 5. Allauddin Hussain, the younger brother of saifuddin completely destroyed the city of Ghazni in 1155 A.D. 6. The first invasion of Muhammad Ghouri was against Multan in 1175 A.D. 7. Muhammad Ghouri captured peshawar in 1179 A.D. 8. Muhammad Ghouri besieged lahore in 1186 A.D. 9. Raja Chakra Deo was the ruler of Jammu. 10. Prithvi Raj Chouhan or Rai pithora was ruler of Delhi and Ajmeer. 11. Jai Chandra was the Rathor Ray of Kanauj. 12. Govind Raj was the brother of Prithvi Raj. 13. Prithvi raj was defeated in 1192 A.D. 14. Ghouri marched against Kanauj in 1194 A.D. 15. Raja Indruman was the ruler of Bihar. 16. Lakshmansen was the ruler of Bengal. 17. Maulana Fakhruddin Razi was a scholar of his time. 18. Qazi Fakhruddin was the author of Tarikh-e-Mubarak shahi. 19. Hassan-un-Nizami was the author of Taj-ul-ma'thir. 20. Aram Shah was put to throne after the death of Aibak. 21. Aram shah was defeated by Iltutmish, he reigned from 1210-1211 22. Iltutmish reigned fro 1211-1236 A.D. 23. Iltutmish was a slave and was Turk of Ilbari tribe of Turkistan. 24. Iltutmish marched against Yildoz and defeated him in the battle of Tarain near Thanesar. 25. Qubacha refused to recognise Iltutmish as overlord, so Iltutmish declared war against him in 1217 A.D and he was successful in driving him out of punjab. 26. Ali Mardan was the ruler of Bengal, he was against Iltutmish. 27. Hisam-ud-din was the son of Ali Mardan. 28. Iltutmish conquered Bengal in 1229 A.D. 29. Iltutmish led an expedition to Malwa in 1234-1235. 30. In 1221 Mangols appeared for the first time on the banks of river indus under their famous leader Changiz khan. 31. The Dynasty founded by Qutbuddin is known as Slave dynasty. 32. Qutbuddin was born of Turkish parents in Turkistan. 33. Qutbuddin was purchased by a Qazi but after his death he was purchased by Muhammad Ghouri. 34. Qutbuddin married the daughter of Tajuddin Yalduz . 35. Tajuddin Yalduz was the governor of Kirman. 36. In 1192 A.D Qutbuddin crushed a rebellion in Ajmer and Merut. 37. In 1194 A.d Qutbuddin crushed a second rebellion in Ajmeer. 38. Ikhtiyaruddin was a lieutenant of Qutbuddin Aibak.

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39. Formal corronation of Qutbuddin took place on 24th June 1206 A.D. 40. Aibak died in 1210 while playing Polo. 41. Aibak was given the title of Lakhbakhsah . 42. Ruknuddin Feroz Shah was the eldest son of Iltutmish. 43. Ruknuddin ruled only six months and seven days and then was put to prison due to his behaviour. 44. sultana Razia ruled from 1236- 1240. 45. She was the daughter of Iltutmish. 46. After the death of Rukh nu ddin feroz , She was put to thorne. 47. Muhammad sunaidi was her honest Wazir. 48. Jalal uddin Yaqut was an Abyssian slave who was raised to the post of master of stables. 49. His rising annoyed the prominent courtiers of Razia Sultana. 50. Malik Ikhtiyaruddin Altunia was the governor of Bhatinda. 51. Malik Altunia murdered Yaaqut. 52. On 13th october 124o, she was defeated by bahram. 53. On the next day she was put to death along with her husband Altunia. 55. Muiz-ud-din Bahram shah was the third son of Iltutmish. 56. Allaudin masud Shah was the grandson of Iltutmish and he was the son of Rukhnuddin Feroz Shah. 57. Allauddin Masud Shah ruled for four years from 1242 to 1246. 58. Nasiruddin Mahmood ruled for twenty years from 1246-1266. 59. Sher khan was the cousin of Balban and was the governor of Uch and Multan. 60. Naseeruddin Mahmood died in 1266. 61. Ghiyas ud din balban was the greatest of slave Kings. 62. His original name was Bahauddin. 63. Tughril Khan was the deputy of Balban in Bengal. 64. Balban ruled from 1266 to 1286. 65. Sher Khan was a great warrior and also once a governor of Bhatinda, sunam and Sumara. 66. Taimur khan was also put in charge of sunam and Sumara. 67. Balban proved to be a strong wall against Mangols. 68. In 1286, Mangols, reappeared and this time prince Muhammad was killed. 69. The death of prince did not permit Balban to live long and he died in 1286. 70. BAlban took up the title of Zill-i-Illahi or shadow of God. 71. Balban introduced the sajda or prostration and paibos or kissing the feet of the monarch in the court as the normal form of salutation to the king. 72. Balban introduced the system of Noroz to add to the dignity of his court. 73. Kaiqubad was the son of Bughra khan. 74. Kai Khusrou was the son of prince Muhammad 75. Fakhruddin was the Kotwaal of Delhi. 76. Nizam uddin was the son-in-law of Fakhruddin Kotwal of Delhi. 77. The forty or Umra Chahal Ghani were forty Turks who exercised great influence on the affairs of state. 78. Balban destroyed the forty and reduced them to nothingness. 79. Balbalan believed sultanate the Vicegerent on earth.80. The Khilji dynasty was from 1290 to 1320.

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81. Jalal ud Din feroz Khilji was the founder of Khilji Daynasty. 82. Jalal ud Din feroz was put on the throne in place of Kiloghiri on 13 june 1290. 83. Malik Chahaju was a nephew of Balban. 84. Original name of Malik Chahaju was Khishu khan. 85. Allauddin was the son-in-law of Jalal ud din. 86. Siddi maula was a disciple of Shaikh farid u din Ganj shakar of Pakpathan. 87. Siddi Maula revolted against jalal uddin and he was then put to death. 88. Ram Chandra Deva, the ruler of Devagiri was defeated by jalal uddin. 89. Abdullah was the grandson of Halaku, he attacked India in 1292. 90. Ulugh Khan was the decendant of Changaiz Khan. 91. Ulugh khan was the brother of Sultan Allauddin. 92. Allaudin Khilji ruled froms 1296 to 1316. 93. After the death of jalaluddin, Malika Jahan put her youngest son Qadir khan Rukunud-Din Ibrahim on the throne. 94. Allauddin had to face more than a dozen Mangol invasions. These invasions started from the end of 1296 and continued upto 1308 A.D. 95. First invasion was in 1296, second in 1297, third in 1299 , fourth in 1303, then continued upto 1308 A.D. 96. Raja Karan Deva was the ruler of Gujrat and was defeated by Ulugh khan and Nustrat khan. 97. Malik Ala-ul- Mulk was uncle of Ziauddin barani. 98. Allauddin defeated Hamir deva in 1298 and occupied Rathambor. 99. Padmani was the wife of Rana Ratan Singh of Chittor. 100. The fort of Chittor was captured by Allauddin in august 1303. 101. Khizr khan was the eldest son of allauddin. 102. Khazain-ul-Futuh was written by Amir Khusrau. 103. Allauddin conquered Malwa in 1305. 104. Allauddin captured Jator in 1308. 105. Allaudin marched against Deogir under malik kafuur in 1307 . 106. In 1310, Tellingana came under control of Allauddin after a tough resistance. 107. After 1310, he marched against vera Ballala-III, Hoysala ruler, His capital Dwar samundra was captured. 108. In 1311, malik Kafur marched against the Randya Kingdom, and got succession. 109. The twenty years rule of Allauddin came to an end with his death on 2nd january 1316. 110. Hajjaj bin Yousaf was the Umayyad viceroy of eastern provinces during the Abdul Malik and Walid bin Abdul Malik period. 111. Chach was the father of Raja Dahir. 112. Imad-ud-Din Muhammad bin Qasim was the son-in-law of Hajjaj and he attacked sindh in 712 A.D. 113. Arus was the name of manjaneeq which was used in attack on sindh. 114. Sikka was the name of the fortress near Uchh on the bank of the river Ravi. 115. Meds were the group of people lived near modern Multan. 116. "Kalilah-wa-Dimmah" is a book of indian fables. 117. Sisakar was the minister of Raja Dahir. 118. Moka was the minister of Raja Dahir. 119. Waihind was the capital of hindu shahi dynasty near modern Attock.

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120. Abdul malik Bin Nauh was the samanid ruler during the Mahmud period. 121. Utbi and Baihaqi were the historians of Mahmud. 122. The old name of Pakpathan was Ajodhan. 123. Tilak was the noble of Masood. 124. Arslan was the last independant ruler of Ghazni and was defeated by saljuk Turks. 125. Damik is a place in jhelum District where Muhammad Ghauri was assasinated by an ismaili fanatic. 126. Lakghman sena was the ruler of Bengal at the time of Muhammad Ghuri's invasion. 127. Fakhruddin Razi was famous philosopher of Ghuri's time. 128. Nizami Aruzi was a court poet of Muhammad Ghuri. 129. Qazi Minhaaj Siraj was a great historian who wrote the book "Tabqat-e-nasri". 130. In 1010 A.D the pricipality of Ghur lay in the hills between Ghazni and Heraat conquered by Mahmood Ghaznnavi. 131. In 1163 A.d, Allaudin Jahansoz died and succeeded by his nephew. 132. In 1175 A.D. Muhammad Ghuri occupied Uchh and Multan. 133. In 1178 A.D. Muhammad Ghuri annexed the Anhilwara, the capital of Gujrat. 134. In 1179 A.D Muhammad Ghuri occupied Peshawar. 135. In 1182 A.D Muhammad Ghuri advanced towards sindh and captured Daibul. 136. In 1186 A.D Muhammad Ghuri made last expedition in the punjab and directed against lahore. 137. In 1191 A.D the battle of Tarrain was fought between Muhammad Ghuri and Rajputs under the command of Govind Rai brother of Prithvi Raj. 138. In 1192 A.D the second battle of Train was fought between Muhammad Ghuri and Rajputs, later defeated badly in this battle. 139. In 1194 A.D The battle of Chandwar was fought . 140. In 1196 A.D Qutbuddin Aibak captured Gawalior. 141. In 1202 A.D Qutbuddin Aibak invaded Kalinjaur which was the milittary capital of Parmardi Deva, the Chandhela king of Bundlekhand. 142. In 1203 A.D Muhammad Ghuri became the undisputed king of Ghaur and Delhi. 143. In 1204 A.D Muhammad Ghuri attacked the Shah of Khwarzim in central asia, but was badly defeated. 144. In 1206 A.D Muhammad Ghuri was assasinated by a fanatic of the Khokar tribe near Jhelum. 145. Muhammad Ghuri was commonly known as Muiz-ud-din Muhammad bin sam. 146. Changiz khan was the founder of Mongol Empire. 147. Changiz khan was born in 1155 A.D on the right bank of Onon in the didtrict of Dulun. Boldaq which is now in the Russian territory. 148. Tata Tamuchin (Tughrul) was the father of Changiz Khan and belonged to Black Tatar. 149. Sultan Muhammad was the ruler of Khwarazm. 150. Udantapure Vihara was a Buddhist monastery in Bihaar. 151. Malik Qutbuddin Hassan, a prince was put to death by King Bahram. 152. Saifuddin Sun was the brother of Malik Qutbuddin Hassan. 153. The District of Ghour is situated in hills between Ghazni and Herat. 154. Muhammad Ghouri captured Peshawar in 1179. 155. Muhammad Ghouri beseiged lahore in 1186 A.D. 156. Raja Chakra Deo was the ruler of Jummu.

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157. Prithvi raj Chauhan or Rai Pithora was the ruler of Delhi and Ajmeer. 158. Jai Chandra was the rathor rai was Kanauj. 159. Govind raj was the brother of Prithvi Raj. 160. In 1192 A.D Ghouri marched against Prithvi Raj. 161. Prithvi Raj was defeated in 1192 A.D. 162. In 1195-96 A.D, Muhammad Ghouri invaded india and defeated Jadon Bhatti Rajput. 163. Ghauri marched against Kanauj in 1194 A.D. 164. Ikhtiyaruddin Muhammad Bin Bakhtiar Khilji was the commander of Qutbuddin Aibak. 165. Raja Indruman was the Ruler of Bihaar. 166. Lakhshmansen was the ruler of Bengal. 167. At the close of 1205 A.D, the combined forces of Muhammad Ghouri and Aibak inflicted a crushing defeat on Khokhars. 168. Muhammad Ghauri reached Lahore in February 1206 A.D. When he was going back to Ghazni he was assassinated on the banks of river Indus on 15th March 1206, by some shia rebels and a fanatic hindu Khokhars. 169. Hassan-un-Nizami was the author of Taj-ul-Maathir. 170. Qazi Fakhruddin was the author of " Tarikh-e-Mubarak Shahi. 171. Aram Shah ruled from 1210 to 1211 A.D. 172. Aram Shah was put on the throne after the death of Aibak, but later on was defeated by Iltutmish. 173. Iltutmish ruled from 1211 to 1236 A.D. 174. Iltutmish was slave who rose to eminence by sheer dint of merit. 175. Iltutmish was a Turk of Ilbari tribe in Turkistan. 176. As Qabacha refused to recognize Iltutmish as overlord, Iltutmish declared war against him in 1217 and he was successful in driving him out of the punjab. 177. Ali Mardan was the ruler of Bengal who was also against Iltutmish, but soon died. 178. Hisam ud din was the son of Ali Mardan. 179. Iltutmish conquered Bengal in 1229. 180. In 1226, Iltutmish besieged Ranthambor, captured it and regarrisoned it. 181. In 1234-35 , he led an expedition to Malwa. 182. In the year 1221, the Mangols appeared for the first time on the banks of river Indus under their famous leader Changaiz khan who overrun the countries of central and western asia with lightening rapidly. 183. The dynasty founded by Qutbuddin Aibak is known as Slave Dynasty. 184. Aibak was born of turkish parents in Turkistan. 185. Aibak was purchased by a Qazi but after his death, he was re-purchased by Muhammad Ghouri. 186. He married the daughter of Tajuddin Yalduz. 187. Tajuddin Yalduz was governor of Kirman. 188. He married his sister to Nasiruddin qabacha. 189. To Iltutmish he married his daughter. 190. In 1192 A.D he crushed a rebellion in Ajmir and Meerut. 191. In 1194, Aibak crushed a second rebellion in Ajmeer. 192. In 1197, Aibak punished Bhinder of Gujrat and came back to Delhi. 193. Ikhtiyaruddin was lieutenant of Aibak.

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194. Formal coronation of Aibak took place on 24th june 1206. 195. Aibak died in 1210 while playing POLO. He fell from his horse and recieved serious injuries. 196. Aibak was given the title of Lakhbakhsh. 197. Lakhbaksh means the giver of lakhs. 198. Rukn ud din Feroz shah was the eldest son of Iltutmish. 199. Ruknuddin ruled for only six months and seven days and then was put to prison due to his behaviour. 200. Sultana Razia ruled from 1236-1240. 201. Razia was the daughter of Iltutmish. 202. After the death of Ruknuddin feroz shah, she was put to throne. 203. Muhammad Sunaidi was Honest Wazir of Sultana Razia. 204. Jalal uddin yaqoot was an abyssinian slave who was raised to the post of master of stables. His rising annoyed the prominent courtiers of Razia. 205. Malik Ikhtiyaruddin Altunia was the governor of Bhatinda. 206. Malik Altunia murdered Yaqut. 207. On 13th october 1240 A.D, Sultana Razia was defeated by Bahram and on the next day she was put to death alongwith her husband Altunia. 208. Bahram shah ruled from 1240-1242. 209. Moizuddin Bahram Shah was the third son of Iltutmish. 210. Allauddin Masud Shah ruled from 1242 to 1246. 211. Allauddin Masud Shah was the grandson of Iltutmish and the son of Ruknuddin Feroz. 212. Naseeruddin Mahmood ruled from 1246 to 1266. 213. Sher Khan was the cousin of Balban and was the governor of multan and Uch. 214. Naseer uddin mahood died in 1266. 215. Ghiyas ud Din Balban ruled from 1266-1286. 216. Balban was the greatest of slave kings. 217. Original name of Balban was Bahauddin. 218. Tughril Khan was the deputy of Balban in Bengal. 219. Balban proved to be a strong wall against Mangols. 220. In 1286, Mangols reappeared and this time prince Muhammad was killed. 221. The death of prince did not permit Balban to live long and atlast he died in 1286 A.D. 222. Balban took up the title of Zille ilahi or Shadow of God. 223. Balban introduced sajda or prostration and paibos or kissing the feet of the monarch in court as the normal form of salutation for the king. 224. Balban introduced the system of Noroz to add to the dignity of his court. 225. Kaiqabad was the son of Bughra khan. 226. Kai Khusru was the son of prince Muhammad. 227. Fakhruddin was the Kotwal of delhi. 228. Nizamuddin was the son-in-law Fakhruddin Kotwal of delhi and Kaiqabad was puppet in his hand. 229. "The Forty" or "Umra Chahal Ghani" were forty Turks who exercised great influence on the affairs of state. 230. Balban destroyed the forty and reduced them to nothingness. 231. Balban believed Sultan the vicegerant on earth.

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232. Jalal ud Din Feroz Khilji was the founder of Khilji Dynasty. 233. Jalal ud Din Feroz Khilji was put on throne in place of Kiloghiri on 13 june 1290. 234. Allauddin was the son-in-law of Jalal ud Din. 235. Siddi Maula was a disciple of Sheikh Farid ud Din Ganj i Shakar of Pakpathan. He revolted against Jalal ud Din . He was put to death by Jalal ud Din. 236. Ram Chandra Deva, the ruler of Devagiri was defeated by Jalal ud din. 237. Abdullah, the grandson of Halaku attacked India in 1292. 238. Ulugh Khan was the descendant of Changaiz Khan. 239. Jalal ud Din was murdered by Jalal ud Din. 240. Ulugh khan was the brother of Sultan Allauddin. 241. Allaudin Khilji ruled from 1296-1316. 242. After the death of Jalal ud Din, Malika Jahan put her younger son Qadir Khan Ruknuddin Ibrahim on the throne. 243. Malik Alau ul Mulk was uncle of Ziauddin Barani. 244. Allauddin defeated Hamir Deva in 1298, and occupied Rathambor. 245. Padmani was the wife of Rana Ratan Singh of Chittor. 246. The fort of Chittor was captured by Allauddin in August 1303. 247. Khizar Khan was the eldest son of Allauddin. 248. " Khazain ul Fatooh" was written by Amir Khusru. 249. Allauddin conquered Malwa in 1305. 250. Allauddin Captured Jaitor in 1308.

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Mughal Period
CRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF MUGHAL RULE
BABUR (1483-1530) 1483 Babur was born at Andijan on 24th February. 1496 Babur led expedition to Samarkand for the first time. 1498 Babur captured Farghana. 1501 Babur recaptured Samarkand. 1504 Babur captured Kabul. 1510 Babur defeated Shaibani Khan. 1512 Ubaidullah defeated Babur. (1505-24) Babur’s five attacks on Indo-Pakistan. 1526 First battle of Panipat on April 21. 1527 Battle of Kanwah. 1528 Battle of Chanderi. 1529 Battle of Chagra. 1530 Death of Babur. HAMAYUN (1530-1556) 1508 Hamayun was born. 1530 Succeeded to throne. 1531 Expedition of Kalinjar. 1532 Battle of Dowrah and siege of Chunar. 1533 War against Afghans. 1535 War with Bahadur Shah. (1537-40) Wars with Sher Khan. 1539 Battle of Chausa 28th June. 1540 Battle of Kanauj 17th May. (1540-55) Humayun’s period of exile. 1556 Death of Hamayun. SHER SHAH SURI AND HIS SUCCESSORS (1540-1556) 1472 Sher Shah Suri was born at Bajwara. 1522 Sher Khan joined services as Bihar ruler. 1527 Sher Khan joined services of Babur. 1528 Sher Khan left the Mughal court. 1534 Sher Khan defeated Jalal Khan and Mahmud Shah. (1537-40) Wars with Hamayun. 1539 Sher Khan defeated Hamayun at Chausa. 1540 Sher Khan defeated Hamayun at Kanauj.

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1542 Conquest of Malwa. 1543 Conquest of Raisin. 1543 Conquest of Jodhpur. 1545 Conquest of Kalinjar. 1545 Death of Sher Shah on May 22. (1545-53) Islam Shah ruled the throne of Delhi. (1553-57) Muhammad Adil. AKBAR THE GREAT (1556-1605) 1542 Akbar was born at Amarkot. 1556 Crowned on 14th February. 1556 Second battle of Panipat. 1558 End of Sur Dynasty. (1556-60) Regency of Bairam Khan. (1560-62) The Petticoat Government. 1561 Conquest of Malwa. 1564 Conquest of Gondwana. 1568 Conquest of Chittor. 1569 Conquest of Ranthambhor. 1570 Conquest of Jodhpur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer. 1573 Conquest of Gujrat. 1576 Conquest of Bengal. 1581 Din-e-Elahi. 1585 Conquest of Kabul. 1586 Conquest of Kashmir. 1591 Conquest of Sindh and Balochistan. 1595 Conquest of Qandhar. 1600 Conquest of Ahmadnagar and Asirgarh. 1602 Abul Fazl murdered by Bir Singh Bundela. 1605 Akbar died of diarrhoea. JAHANGIR (1605-27) 1569 Jahangir was born to Joda Bai. 1586 Jahangir married to daughter of Bhagwan Das. 1601 Jahangir revolted against Akbar. 1605 Jahangir ascended the Mughal throne. 1606 Revolt of Prince Khusrau. 1615 Conquest of Mewar. (1610-26) War with Ahmadnagar. 1620 Conquest of Kistwar. 1622 Secession of Qandhar. 1623 Rebellion of Shah Jahan. 1626 Revolt of Mahabat Khan. 1627 Jahangir died near Rajore.

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SHAH JAHAN (1628-58) 1592 Shah Jahan born to Balmati Jodha Bai at Lahore. 1607 Shah Jahan granted Mansab of 8000 zat and 500 sawar. 1610 Shah Jahan capture fort of Kangra. 1628 Shah Jahan ascended the throne. (1630-32) Famine of Gujrat, Khandesh and Deccan. 1632 War with Portuguese. (1636-44) Aurangzeb’s first Viceroyalty of Deccan. (1653-58) Aurangzeb’s second Viceroyalty of Deccan. 1653 Loss of Qandhar. 1658 War of succession between four sons of Shah Jahan vis Aurangzeb, Dara, Shuja and Murad. 1658 Aurangzeb was crowned emperor of India. (1658-66) Detention of Shah Jahan in Agra. 1666 Death of Shah Jahan. AURANGZEB ALAMGIR (1658-1707) (1636-44) Aurangzeb’s first viceroyalty of Deccan. (1653-58) Aurangzeb’s second viceroyalty of Deccan. 1658 War of succession. 1659 Aurangzeb’s accession to Mughal throne. 1672 Revolt of Santnamis. 1672 Afridis rose in revolt. 1679 Annexation of Mewar. 1681 Submission of Mewar. 1686 Conquest of Bijapur. 1687 Conquest of Golkondo. 1707 Death of Aurangzeb. SUCCESSORS OF AURANGZEB (1707-12) Bahadur Shah. (1712-13) Jahandar Shah. (1713-19) Farrukh Siyar. (Feb-June 1719) Rafi-ud-Darajat. (June-Sept. 1719) Rafi-ud-Daulah. (1719-48) Muhammad Shah. (1739) Nadir Shah’s invasion of India. (1748-54) Ahmad Shah. (1754-59) Alamgir II. (1759-1806) Shah Alam II. (1762) Third Battle of Panipat. (1806-37) Akbar II. (1837-57) Bahadur Shah II.

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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON MUGHAL RULE
Q. Who was Durgavati? Ans. She was the ruler of Gondwana and was defeated by Akbar in 1564. Q. Who was Maham Anga? Ans. She was the foster mother of Akbar the Great. Q. Who was Himu? Ans. A Hindu commander of Adil Shah Suri. Q. Who was Gulbaden Begum? Ans. She was the author of “Hamayun Nama” and sister of Mughal King Hamayun. Q. What was infallibility Decree? Ans. It was a document signed by Akbar in 1597, which authorized him to act as the supreme arbiter in civil and religious affairs. Q. What is “Ain-e-Akbari”? Ans. It is the renowned work of Abul Fazal about the government of Akbar the Great. Q. What is Sadr-us-Sadr? Ans. It is an officer of Mughal Administration. He served as a liaison officer between the emperor and the people. Q. What was the “Fatwa-e-Jahangiri”? Ans. This is Zia-ud-Din Barni’s book on statecraft. Q. Who was Shams Siraj Afif? Ans. He was the author of “Tarikh-e-Firuz Shahi”. Q. Who was Mirza Haider Dughtat? Ans. He was a cousin of Babur and author of “Tarikh-e-Rashidi”. Q. Who was Nadir-ul-Asr Mansur? Ans. This was a title that Emperor Jahamgir conferred upon his court painter Mansur. Q. Who was Muhammad Masum Nami? Ans. He was the governor of Qandhar. He wrote “Tarikh-e-Sindh”. Q. What is Madrassa Rahimia? Ans. This Madrassa was established by Shah Abdur Rahim at Delhi. Q. Why Nagar Kot is famous? Ans. It is a sacred Hindu town located in Kangra district.

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Q. What was Din-e-Elahi? Ans. This was a new religion invented by Akbar to create tolerance and love among the people of India. Q. Who was Bairam Khan? Ans. He was a tutor of Hamayun and Akbar. He was chiefly instrumental in the victory of Mughals over Hamu in 1556. Q. Who was Noor Jahan? Ans. She was beloved Queen of Jahangir. She was an accomplished lady and assisted her husband in the affairs of state. Q. Who was Abul al Fazl? Ans. He was a son of Sheikh Mubarak. He was one of the Nau Ratans of Akbar the Great. He wrote “Akbar-Nama”. Q. What is Fatwa-e-Alamgiri? Ans. This is a famous work of Islamic Jurisprudence compiled by a board of Ulema, during the reign of Aurangzeb. Q. Who was Sheikh Saleem Chishti? Ans. He was a Muslim Saint of Fatehpur Sikri, who was contemporary of Akbar the Great. Q. Who was Francis Bernier? Ans. He was a European traveler, who visited India during Shah Jahan’s period. Q. Who wrote “Muntakhbat Tawarikh”? Ans. Abdul Qadir Badayuni. Q. Who is Khan-e-Saman? Ans. He was incharge of emperor’s department of manufactures and good for military and democratic purposes. Q. Who was Baqi Billah Bairang? Ans. He was a renowned Saint of Naqshbandia order and was the spiritual guide of Hazrat Mujaddad Alfsani. Q. Who wrote “Kitab-ul-Hind”? Ans. It was written by Al-Baruni. This is an authentic source about Indian culture and social. Q. The follies that Hamayun had committed during the conduct of two military campaigns, on account of which he lost his empire to Sher Shah Suri, were against: Ans. Gujrat and Bengal.

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Q. Battle of Chausa was fought in: Ans. 1539 A.D. Q. After recapturing Delhi and his second coronation in Delhi, Hamayun could only rule for: Ans. Six months. Q. At the time of his coronation at Kalanaur the age of Akbar was: Ans. Thirteen and a half. Q. Akbar’s marriage with the princess of Amber was unique because: Ans. This was a voluntary alliance different from the forced marriages of Muslim rulers with the Rajput princesses. Q. Within two years of his marriage with the Amber Princess (1562) the liberal measures taken by Akbar were: a. Prohibition on the enslavement of prisoners of war and their forcible conversion to Islam (1562). b. Withdrawal of pilgrim taxes throughout the Mughal Empire (1564). c. Total withdrawal of Jeziah from the Hindus (1564) Ans. All of the above. Q. Akbar wanted to establish friendship with the Rajputs because: a. Friendship with the Rajputs was politically immensely fruitful. b. With the Mughal links with Central Asia having been completely snapped, Akbar had to made friendly alliances in India. c. He wanted to make peaceful Rajputana a stepping-stone for his Gujrat and Deccan conquests. d. All of the above. Q. The main elements of Akbar’s Rajput policy were: a. Establishment of matrimonial alliances with the Rajputs. b. Grant of full autonomy and protection to the Rajput states. c. Appointment of Rajput chiefs as Mansabdars and governors. d. All of the above. Q. Mewar refused to accept the friendship of the Mughals because: a. Mewar had hostility with the Mughals since the days of Rana Sanga. b. There were hostile relations between Mewar and Amber, which had entered into matrimonial alliance with the Mughals. c. Mewar considered it dishonorable to accept friendship of the Mughals. d. All of the above.

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Q. The Mughal troops captured Chittor in 1568 after defeating: Ans. Rana Uday Singh. Q. According to Abul Fazl the decisive battle between Rana Partab was foght at: Ans. Haldighat. Q. The most valuable acquisition of Akbar in the Northwest frontier was: Ans. Qandhar. Q. Akbar was hostile to the Portuguese because: a. They were cruel and aggressive pirates. b. They interfered with Hajj pilgrimages. c. They had formed political alliances with the rulers of the Deccan states. d. All of the above. Q. After the conquest of Asirgarh in 1601, Akbar renamed Khandesh as: Ans. Danadesh. Q. The Jesuit missionary who held personal discussions with Akbar and has written interesting account of him was: Ans. Antony Monserrate. Q. A contemporary Mughal historian who prepared a list of charges against Akbar and called him the enemy of Islam, was: Ans. Badayuni. Q. The well know work “Tabaqat-e-Akbari” was written by: Ans. Khawaja Nizam-ud-Din Ahmad Q. Which of the following was considered the head of the nobility in Mughal administration? Ans. Mir Bakshi. Q. Which of the following officers were guardian of Islamic Law and spokesman of the Ulema? Ans. Sadr-us-Sudur. Q. Which of the following officers was the Auditor General? Ans. Mustaufi. Q. Which of the following officer in charge of petitions presented to the emperor? Ans. Mir Arz.

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Q. Which of the following was the Superintendent of the Imperial Workshop? Ans. Nazir-e-Bayutat. Q. Which of the following has given the correct description of the subdivisions of the Mughal Empire in the proper descending order? Ans. Subah, sarkar, pagana. Q. Who divided the Mughal Empire into provinces for the first time? Ans. Akbar. Q. Manuehi was a European traveler who came to the court of: Ans. Jahangir. Q. The European travelers who visited Indian during the reign of Jahangir and left valuable account of his reign was/were: a. William Finch b. William Hawkins. c. Francisco Palsaert. d. All of the above. Q. The Marathas came to be admitted to the nobility during the reign of: Ans. Jahangir. Q. A Mansab was allotted to: Ans. All officers of the state. Q. The range of the Mansabs as organized by Akbar was: Ans. 10 to 10,000. Q. Who after raising a successful rebellion, made Jahangir captive in his own camp? Ans. Mahabat Khan. Q. Each grade in Mansabdari system had two aspects to it: (i). Zat (personal) and (ii). Sawar (cavalryman). Which of the following statements correctly describes their significance? Ans. Zat fixed the personal status of a person and his salary, while Sawar rank indicated the number of cavalryman he was required to maintain. Q. A Mughal Queen whose name was written to all the Mughal Farmans and inscribed on the coins, was: Ans. Noor Jahan. Q. The clique of four persons who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1611 to 1621 comprised:

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Ans. Noor Jahan, Asaf Khan, Itmad-du-daulah and Asaf Khan. Q. Which of the following was incharge of law and order in the villages? Ans. Muqaddam. Q. The Mughal Emperor who allowed a chain with bells to be hung outside his place to enable petitioners to bring their grievances to the notice of the emperor was: Ans. Jahangir. Q. Under the Zabti system the most fertile land was classified as: Ans. Polaj. Q. What portion of actual produce was fixed as the demand of the state under the Zabti system? Ans. One-third. Q. Akbar founded the city of Fatehpur Sikri to commemorate: Ans. Victory of Gujrat. Q. The Buland Darwaza or the gateway to the Jamia Masjid in Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar to commemorate his victory of: Ans. Gujrat. Q. Which of the following building was not constructed by Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri? a. Jodha Bai’s palace. b. Moti Masjid. c. Turkish Sultana’s palace. d. Panch Mahal. Q. Prince Dara Shikoh was one of the greatest scholars that Mughal India produced. Which of the following was not one of the Sanskrit works to be translated into Persian under the patronage of Dara Shikoh? Ans. Bhagavata Purana. Q. Why did Khafi Khan’s “Muntakhab-ul-Lubab” have to be written in secrecy during Aurangzeb’s period? Ans. Aurangzeb was opposed to the writing of histories of his reign. Q. Which of the following is not a historical work of Aurangzeb’s period? Ans. Amal-e-Saleh by Muhammad Salih Kazim. Q. Monserrate and Aquaviva were sent to Akbar’s court by the: Ans. Portuguese.

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Q. Which of the following foreigners present in India during Jahangir’s time was the chief of the Dutch factory of Agra? Ans. Francisco Pelsaert. Q. Mughal Garden was constructed by: Ans. Shah Jahan. Q. Petticot Government was headed by: Ans. Maham Angha. Q. Sir Thomas Roe was sent as the British Ambassador to the court of: Ans. Jahangir. Q. The third battle of Panipat was fought in: Ans. 1760 A.D. Q. One of the foreign travelers who was an eye witness to the public disgrace in Delhi of Dara Shikoh after his defeat by Aurangzeb in the was of succession was: Ans. Munucci. Q. Under the Mughals, capital of the lower Sindh was: Ans. Thatta. Q. A foreign that visited India during Aurangzeb’s time and described the letters regulation issued to promote general morality was: Ans. Niccolao Munucci. Q. Murshid Kauli Khan was a genius revenue officer of: Ans. Aurangzeb Alamgir. Q. Kashmir was included into the Mughal Empire of Delhi in: Ans. October 1586 A.D. Q. Dara Shikoh finally lost the war of succession of Aurangzeb in the battle of: Ans. Samugarh. Q. Hajjat-ul-Baligha was written by: Ans. Shah Waliullah. Q. Jahangir was imprisoned by: Ans. Muhabbat Khan. Q. Hamayun left for Persia to get support of Shah in: Ans. 1543 A.D.

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PREPRE-PARTITION
• Who amongst the following were the first to invade India? Arabs • Real name of Mohammad-bin-Qasim was Amadudin Mohammad (Pillar of Deen). • Mohd: Bin Qasim was nephew and son-in-law of Hajjaj bin Yousuf the Governor of Iraq (Omayad Period). He came to Sindh with 12 thousand men. • Mohd: bin Qasim conquered Sindh during Ummayads. • Siskar was Waziir of Dahir. • Mohd: bin Qasim tortured to death in Iraq by Sulaiman. • The Abbasid governor Hisham came to Sindh in 757 A.D. • Shabudding Ghori was the founder of Islamic State in India. • Qutubudin Aibk was the founder of slave dynasty after Ghoris. • Ghiyasuddin Tughluq was the first sultan of Tughluq dynasty. • Aurangzeb reimposed ‘Jaziya’? • Ibn Batutah visited India in reign of Muhammad-bin Tughluq • Babur used artillery in warfare. • Emperor Shahjahan= Khurram Shihab-ud-din • Akbar prohibited the practice of Sati? • Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya’s Dargah is located at Delhi. • Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet. • Waris shah is called the ‘Shakespeare of Punjabi literature’. • Tomb named Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti is in Ajmer. • Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. His tomb is in the city of Kasur. • Thatta was the capital city of Sindh during Argons and Turkans • Mohd: bin Tughlaq introduced tokens currency firstly. • Akbar the Great was born in Umar Kot. • Shalamar Bagh was built by Shah Jahan (Shahabuddin Mohd: Shah Jahan) (also called Shahzada Khuram) • Jahan Ara begum was the daughter of Shah Jahan • Mehmood set out on Somnath on17 Oct: 1024 A.D. • 1st battle of Tarrin was fought b/w Mohd: Ghouri & Rajput (1191), Ghori was defeated. In 1192 A.D, the 2nd battle of Tarrin, Ghori wins. • Ahmed Shah Abdali was the King of Kabul. • Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated Marhatas in 1761. • Pan Islamism introduced by Jamaludding Afghani. • Nadir Shah of Iran invaded Delhi during the period of Mohd: Shah Rangila (The Moughal Emperor). • Original name of Tippu Sultan was Nawab Fateh Ali. • 4th May 1799 was the day of Shahadat of Tippu Sultan. • The original name of Sultan Siraj Doullah (the Nawab of Bengal) was Mirza Mohd: • Battle of Plassey was fought in 1757 b/w Clive and Siraj-ud-Daula which established British rule in Bengal. • Sindh was annexed by Birtish in 1847 and was separated from Bombay in 1935 vide

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India Act 1935. • First war of freedom was fought in 1757 b/w Siraju Doullah and Rober Clive. •Sheikh Ahmad Sarhindi is known as Majaddid Alf Sani. • Sheikh Ahmad Sirhandi was born in 1564. • Mausm Khan, soldier of Titu Mir was sentenced to death. • Hajatullah al-Balaghah written by Shah Waliullah. • Shah waliullah born in 1703. Shah Waliullah died in 1763. • Shah Alam II was an ally of Mir Qasim in the Battle of Buxar. • During Jehangir’s reign Sir Thomas Roe and Captain Hawkins visited Moghul court to secure commercial privileges. • Real name of Shah Waliullah was Ahmed and his historical name was Azimuddin. • Haji Shareetullah of Bengal was the founder of Farazi Tehriz in 1802. Farazi Tehriz meant to pay more attention on fundamental of Islam. • Syed Ahmed of Rai Brelli (Oudh) was the founde of Jehad Tehrik against Sikhs. He was martyred at Balakot (NWF) in 1831. • Battle of Buxar was fought in 1764. • Haji Shariat Ullah was born in 1781( Faraizi Movement 1830-57) • The main aim of Brahma Samaj was Reform in Hinduism. • Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded Brahma Samaj. • Ani- Muslim Arya Samaj (1877) was founded by Dayanand Sirasoti. Arya Samaj was founded in 1875 (chk) • In 1805, British made Sri Lanka a colony. • British annexed KPK in 1849. • Wardha scheme written by Zakir Hussain. • Sati was abolished by Lord William Bantink. • First census in India made during the period of Lord Mayo. • Moen-jo-DAro & Herapa discovered in 1922. • Sir John Marshal ordered digging of Moen jo Daro in 1922. • East India Company was formed in 1600 in London. • In India French East India company was established in 1664. • Raishmi Romal campaign started by Ubaidullah Sindhi before war of Independence. • War of Independence started on 7th May, 1857 from Delhi. • Lord Canning was the Governor General of India during Sepoy Mutiny. • In India the first gate of enterance of Europeans was Bengal. • At Meerath firstly the war of independence was fought. • War of independence started on 9th May, 1857. • The first Viceroy of the subcontinent was Lord Canning. • Queen’s Proclamation was made in 1858. • Indian National Congress made by Allan O. Hume in 1885. • First president of Congress was W.C. Benerjee. • 72 members attended the first meeting of Congress at Bombay out of them only 2 were Muslims. • Warren Hastings was the first Governor General of Bengal. • Hindi-Urdu controversy started in 1867. • Mohsin-ul-Mulk founded Urdu Defence Association. • Syed Ahmed Khan born on 17th Oct: 1817 in Delhi & died March 241898 at Ali Gargh. • Sir Syed is buried in Ali Garh Muslim University.

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• Tahzibul Ikhelaque was published in 1870. (1867 chk) • Asrar-us-Sanadeed was compiled by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. • Sir Syed wrote Loyal Mohammandan’s of India & Causes of Indian Revolt. • Hayate-e-Javed is written by Maulana Hali about Sir Syed. • In Indai English education was first initiated in Bengal in 1835. • Shah Waliullah was born in Delhi. • Madressah Rahimiya was established by Shah Abdul Rahim. • Scientific society was established in 1863. • Albert Bill was presented in 1883 • KPK was separated from Punjab by the British in 1901, Lord Curzon was then the viceroy and GG of British India. • Mohammadan Educational Conference was formed on 27 Dec: 1886 by Sir Syed. • Muhammadan Literacy Society of Calcutta founded in 1860. • “Indian Patriotic Association” was founded in 1861. • Nidwatul Ulema (1884) was founded by Molvi Abdul Ghafoor Qasim Nativi. Nadvatul-Ulema was founded in 1894 and Maulvi Abdul Ghafoor was its founder.(chk) • Darul-ul Deoband (1867) was founded by Mohd: Qasim Nanavatavi. • MAO College founded on Jan: 8, 1877 and inaugurated by Governor General Lord Lyton. • Present Sindhi alphabets made by Sir Barter Frere in 1883. • Anjuman-e-himayat-Islam was founded in 1884. • Sindh Madrasa built by Hassan Ali Afandi on 1st Sep: 1885. • DJ (Diwan Dayaram Jethmal) Science College was opened by Governor of Bombay Lord Reay on 17th Jan: 1887. • Islamia High School Peshawar was founded in 1890. • Muslim Aligargh University was established in 1920. • Treaty of Amritsar took place in 1876. • Kashmir was sold to Gulab Singh in 1845. • KPK was given status of province in 1901. • Shakespeare (not William Shakespeare) was the governor of Banarus. • Mohammadan Political Association was formed in 1903. • Partition of Bengal announced on 1st Sept: 1905 & implemented on 16 Oct: 1905 by Lord Curzon. • Partition of Bengal annulled: 10th Dec: 1911 by Lord Hardinge. • Swadeshi movement was started against Partition of Bengal. • Bengal divided in East Bengal (Muslim Bengal) & West Bengal (Hindu Bengal) in July 1905 by Lord Curzon. Capital of Muslim Bengal was Dacca and that of Hindu Bengal was Calcutta. • The partition of Bengal was annulled on 12th Dec: 1911 by King George-V and Queen Marry. • The president of Simla Deputation (1st Oct: 1906) was Agha Khan III and secretary was Mohsanul Mulk. • Muslim League founded on 30 Dec: 1906 at Decca. • ML was formed in the annual session of Muslim Educational Conference in Decca with the proposal of Nawab Salimullah. • The HQ of ML was established at Lucknnow. • Initial membership of ML was 400.

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• Mohd: Ali Johr wrote the constitution of ML: The Green Book. • Inagural session of ML was presided by Nawab Samiullah. • Inagural address was delivered by Nawab Vikarul Mulk. • First session of ML was held on 30th Dec: 1907 at Karachi. • First session of ML held in Karachi 31st Dec: 1907 was presided over by Adamjee Pri Bhai of Bombay. • The original name of Mohsanu-ul-Mulk was Mehdi Ali Khan. • Original name of Waqaul Mulk was Molvi Mohd: Shah. • 1st President of ML was Agha Khan III. (upto 1913). • Sir Agha Khan remained permanent president of ML till 1913. • First VC of Aligarh University was Agha Khan 3. • Agha Khan III was born in Karachi and was buried in Egypt. • Real name of Agha Khan III was Sultan Mohd: Shah. • First secretary general of ML was Hussain Bilgrami. • 2nd President of ML was Sir Ali Mohd: Khan when Agha Khan III resigned in 1913. • Sir Mohammad Shafik was the second general secretary of Muslim League. • Syyed Amir Ali established ML London in 1908. • Quaid attended 1st time Muslim League session in 1912. (chk) • Quaid resigned from Imerial Legislative Council as a protest against Rowlatt Act in 1919. • Quaid became ML president 1919-1924 (chk it). • Quaid joined ML 10 Oct 1913. • Syed Amir Ali resigned from ML in 1913. • Quaid resigned from Congress and Home Rule League in Dec: 1920 (Nagpur Session) became ML president in 1916. (chk it) • Quaid held joint membership of ML & Congress for 7 years i.e from 1913-1920 • He presided the ML Lucknow session of 1916 and Delhi session of 1924, became permanent president of ML in 1934. • Lord Minto came to India as viceroy in 1915. • Minto Morley reforms 1909: introduced separate electorates. • Minto Morley reforms: Minto was Indian Viceroy and Morley was state secretary for India. • Montague Chemsford Reforms came in 1919. • ML demanded principle of self rule for India in 1913. • Kanpur mosque incident took place in 1913. • Jillanwalla Bagh is in Amritsar. It was place where a number of Indian killed by the English on 13th April, 1919. • General Dair was the army commander of Amritsar during Jullianwala bagh slaughter (1919). • Lucknow Pact came in Nov: 1916. • Home Rule Movement was founded by Mrs. Annie Basent an English Parsi lady in 1916 after Lucknew pact. • Rowalt Act was passed in 1919. • Khilafat Movement started in 1919 and ended in March 1921. • All Indai Khilafat committee was founded in Bombay on 5th Juley 1919 and Seth Chuttani became its first president. • First meeting of All Indai Khilafat Movement was held on 23rd Nov: 1919 and was

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presided over by Molvi Fazal Haq of Bengl. Its headquarter was at Bombay. • Khilafat day was observed on 27th October, 1919. • Indian Khilafat Delegation met with Lloyd George. • Mopala uuprising in Malabar 1921. • Chauri Chuara incident tookplace in 1922. • Non-cooperation movement was called off by Gandhi because of Chauri-Chaura incident 1922. • Shuddi and Sangathan movement was started at the end of Tahreek Khilafat. • Sangathan movement was started by Pandit Malavia. • Treaty of Lausanne was signed in 1923. • Mustafa Kamal: first president of Turkey on 23rd Oct: 1923. • Atta Turk means the father of Turks. • Khilafat was abolished in 1924. • Last caliph of Turkish State was Abdul Majeed Afandi. • Hijrat Movement took place in 1924 • Reshimi Roomal movement of 1915 started by Maulana Mehmood-ul-Hassan. • Lord Rippon is associated with the Hunter Commission. • Lord Dalhousie is associated with Wood’s Dispatch. • Lord Cornwalls is associated with permanent settlement of Bengal. • Delhi proposals presented by Quaid-e-Azam in March 1927. • Nehru Report was produced by Motilal Nehru in 1928. • Shoaib Qureshi was one muslim member who took part in writing the Nehru Report. • Fourteen-Points-of-MA Jinnah came in March 1929 from Delhi. • Simon-Commission-1927 visited India in 1928 and consisted of 7 members. • British cabinet minister Cripps came to India in March 1942. • Civil Disobedience Movement started by Gandhi on 12th March, 1930. • Simon Commission submitted its report in 1930. • Ist Session of Round-Table-Conferences from 12Nov1930 to 19Jan1931. (Mohd: Ali Johar participated in it, Congress was absent.) • Congress absent in 1st RTC, leaders were in jail due to civil disobedience. • Leader in the 1st RTC was Agha Khan III. • Quaid attended RTC 1, not attended RTC 2&3. After RTC 1, he renounced politics and persued lawyership. • The PM of England during 1st Roundtable was Ramshy Macdonald. • 2nd Session of RTC from 7Sep1931 to 31stSep1931. Gandhi represented Congress. • Gandhi-Irwin pact was made on March 5, 1931. • 3rd Session of RTC from 17Nov:1932 to 24Dec: 1932. • British opposition did not participate in RTC III. • Communal award published in 1932. • White Paper of RTC published in Marchi 1933. • Begum Shahnawaz attended one RTC. • Mohd: Ali Johar Started Comrade & Hamdard (1912) from Calcutta. • Name of Bi-Aman was Abidi Begum. (chk afridi begum) • Mohd: Ali Johar borin in1878 at Rampur and died at the age of 54 on 4ht Jan: 1931 at London and was buried in Bait-ul-Mukadas (Jerusalem). • Wife of Mohd: Ali Johar was Amjadi Begum. • Moulana Shoukat Ali, the elder brother of Mohd: Ali was born in 1872 and died on

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28th Nov: 1938 and buried at Jamia Mosque Delhi. • Zamidar (1903) started by Zafar Ali Khan from Lahore. • Daily Dawn (1942) by Quaid. • Daily Jang (1940) by Mir Khalilur Rehman. • Daily al-Halal by Abdeul Kalam. • Ch: Rehmat Ali is associated with Delhi Darbar. • IN 1908, Iqbal was awarded Ph.D from Munich University for Persian Philosophy. • Allama Iqbal born on 9th Nov: 1877 at Sialkot and died on 21st April, 1938 • Allama Iqbal was tutored by Moulvi Syed Mir Hassan. • Iqbal was elected as a member of Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1926 and chosen president of ML in 1930. • Jinnah means Lion. • Jinnah means Thiner. He was 5 feet, 11 ½ inches in height. • Quaid got education of law from Lincolin’s Inn. • “Quaid” used by Molvi Mazharul Haq in newspaper Al-Aman. • Wife of Quaid was Ratan Bai. • Quid’s father was Jinnah Poonja. • Jinnah Poonja was born in 1850 and married with Mithi Bai. • Poonja was grand father of Quaid. • Jinnah joined Congress in 1906& in 1913 ML in London. • Quaid born on 25th Dec: 1876 and died on 11 Sep: 1948. • Jinnah joined ML on the insistence of Mohd: Ali Johar and Syed Wazir Hassan. • Jinnah got admission in at Gokal Das Teg primary school Bombay at the age of 10 he studied for 5 ½ months. • Jinnah went to London and got law degree at the age of 18 form LINCONINN. • Sir Dinsha was the father of Ratna (the wife of Jinnah). • Ratna embrassed Islam on 18th April 1918 and married Jinnah on 19th April 1918. before that she was Parsi. She died on 20th Feb: 1929 and was buried in Aram Bagh Bombay. • Dinna, the daughter of Jinnah was born on 14th August, 1919. • Dinna married a Parsi boy named Navel Wadya. • Jinnah left the lawyership after 23rd March, 1940 nd returned to India in April 1934. • Pakistan national movement was founded by Ch: Rahmat Ali. • Lilaquat Ali Khan Joined Muslim League in 1924. • Sindh separated from Bombay in 1935. • The system of Dyarchy (Two authorities) was in operation from 1921-1937. (chk it). • Dyarchy introduced in 1919 reforms and removed in 1935 Act. • Dyarchy was introduced as a constitutional reform by E.S. Montague and Lord Chelmsford. • Dyarchy divided India into 8 major provinces (excluding Burma.) • Jinnah-Rajendra Prasal formula came in 1935. • Provincial elections held in 1937. • Pirpur Report about congress ministries came in 1938. • Shareef report about Bihar came in 1939. • Muslims observed “Day of Deliverance” on 22nd Dec: 1939. • A committee under the chairmanship of Raja Mohd: Mehdi was appointed to inquire into congress ministries.

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• August Offer was offered by Viceroy Lord Llinthgow in 1940. • Cripps visited India in 1942. • Quit India movement started in1942. • Simla conference (June, 1945) was presented by Lord Wavel. • Wavel plan was made in 1945. • In 1945, Labour Party came to power. • In 1945 elections ML won 428 out of 492 seats. • In 1946, Quaid decided to join Interim govt in India. • In interim govt: ML got portfolis of Finance & Liaquat Ali was Finance Minister. • J.N.Mandal was the non-Muslim member who became a minister in interim govt: on ML behalf. • On the arrival of Simon Commission, ML was divided in to Mohd: Shafee & Quaid groups. • Unionist’s Ministry was in Punjab. • Fouinder of Unionist Party in Punjab was Sir Fazle Hussain. • Sir Siney Rollet was the president of Rollet Committee whose objective was to check Home Rule Movement. • Real name of Gandhi was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi. • Burma separated from India in 1935 and was made independent in 1947. • Sindh asssembley passed the resoluation for the creation of Pak: firstly on June 26, 1947. • Lahore Resolution was presented in 27th Session of Muslim League at Monto Park (now Iqbal Park) on 23rd March, 1940 by Fazal-al-Qaq of Bengal. Quaid presided the session. • The book ‘last dominion’ was written by Carthill. • “Divide and Quit” is wtitten by Penderel Moon. • “Mission with Mountbatten” written by Campbell Johnson. • Liaquat Desai pact was concluded in 1946. • Cabinet mission announced its plan on 16th May, 1946. • Cabinet Mission consisted of 8 members. • ML accepted Cabinet Mission but Congress rejected it. • Muslim League observed direct action day on 16th August 1946. • On 18th July, 1947, British parliament passed Indian Independence Bill. • MP of England at the time of independence of Pak: was Lord Cunet Iteley. • Redcliffe Award announced on 15th August 1947. • On April, 1947, All India State’s Conference was held in Gawalior. • Inquilab Zindabad slogan was given by Mohammd Iqbal.

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OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS ON PRE-PARTITION
Q. In which year War of Independence was fought: Ans. 1857. Q. Where Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental school was established: Ans. Aligarh. Q. Who established Indian National Congress? Ans. A.Hume. Q. When Congress was established?Ans. 1885. Q. When Sir Syed was born? Ans. 1817. Q. When Sir Syed died? Ans. 1898. Q. When was Bengal partitioned? Ans. 1905. Q. When the partition of Bengal was annulled? Ans. 1911. Q. When did Quaid-e-Azam join Muslim League? Ans. 1913. Q. When did the First World War started? Ans. 1911. Q. When did the First World War came to an end? Ans. 1918. Q. When did the Muslim League came into existence? Ans. 30 September 1906. Q. Who was the first President of Muslim League? Ans. Sir Agha Khan. Q. When did Simla deputation call on Viceroy Lord Minto? Ans. 1906. Q. When Minto-Morley Reforms were enforced? Ans. 1909. Q. When was Lucknow Pact agreed? Ans. 1916.

Notes:

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Q. When Jallianwala Bagh incident occurred? Ans. 13 April 1919. Q. When did Khilafat Movement start? Ans. 1918. Q. Who was secretary of Khilafat deputation? Ans. Hasan Muhammad Hayat. Q. Who was the editor of “Comrade”? Ans. Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar. Q. Who was the editor of “Hamdard”? Ans. Muhammad Ali Jauhar. Q. Who was the editor of “Al-Hilal”? Ans. Maulana Azad. Q. Name the newspaper of Maulana Zafar Ali Khan? Ans. Zamindar. Q. When treaty of Severs was signed? Ans. 20 August 1920. Q. Who was Khalifa of Turkey? Ans. Sultan Abdul Majid. Q. Non-cooperation Movement was started during the days of? Ans. Khilafat Movement. Q. Who was Prime Minister of England during the period of Khilafat Movement? Ans. Llyde George. Q. Who issued Fatwa in favour of Khilafat Movement? Ans. Maulana Azad and Maulana Abdul Bari. Q. Who announced the end of Khilafat Movement? Ans. Gandhi. Q. When Princess of Wales visited India? Ans. November 1921. Q. When did Tragedy of Chora Churi happen? Ans. 4 February 1922.

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Indo-Pak Objective Series by Muhammad Faisal ul Islam--03336587420
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Q. How many Policemen were burned to death in the Tragedy of Chora Churi? Ans. 21. Q. When did Montague visit India? Ans. 10 November 1917. Q. When did Montague-Chelmsford Reforms were introduced in India? Ans. 1919. Q. How many members were in the council of state in the MontagueChelmsford Reforms? Ans. 60. Q. When Diarchy was introduced in Indian Act? Ans. 1919. Q. When Diarchy was introduced in the 8 provinces of India? Ans. February 1921. Q. When Diarchy was introduced in KPK? Ans. 1932. Q. How long Diarchy remained in force in India? Ans. 1921-1937. Q. Rowlett Act was enforced on: Ans. 18 March 1919. Q. When was the formation of Simon Commission announced? Ans. 8 November 1927. Q. When Quaid-e-Azam said, “This is Parting of Ways”? Ans. All Parties Conference in Calcutta. Q. When Quaid-e-Azam presented his 14 points? Ans. On Muslim League Delhi session 1929. Q. When did Allama Iqbal Delivered his famous Address in “Allahabad”? Ans. 30 December 1930. Q. When Labour Party came in power in England? Ans. May 1929. Q. When First Round Table Conference was called in London? Ans. 12 November 1930.

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Q. How many total delegates were in the First Round Table Conference? Ans. 89. Q. Who presided over the First Round Table Conference? Ans. George 5th. Q. When did Second Round Table Conference was called? Ans. 7 September 1931. Q. When Third Round Table Conference started? Ans. 17 November 1932. Q. When Pona Pact was signed? Ans. 25 September 1932. Q. Who were the signatories of Pona Pact? Ans. Ambidkar and Gandhi. Q. How many seats were in 1937 Elections of Provincial Assemblies? Ans. 1535. Q. What was the total number of representative? Ans. 1771. Q. How many seats were capture by Congress? Ans. 706. Q. How many seats were in Provinces for Muslims? Ans. 491. Q. How many seats were captured by Muslim League? Ans. 211. Q. When congress ministries came to an end? Ans. 14 November 1939. Q. When day of deliverance was solemnized? Ans. 22 December 1939. Q. When Pakistan Resolution was passed? Ans. 23 March 1940. Q. When Cripps Mission came into India? Ans. 23 March 1942. Q. Quit India Movement was started in? Ans. 1942.

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Indo-Pak Objective Series by Muhammad Faisal ul Islam--03336587420
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Q. When Nadir Shah invaded on India? Ans. 1739. Q. When the Battle of Plasy was fought? Ans. 1758. Q. Sultan Tepu was defeated by the British in the year: Ans. 1799. Q. “Hujjat-al-Baligha” was written by: Ans. Shah Wali Ullah. Q. Who started Faraizi Movement? Ans. Haji Shariat Ullah. Q. Who wrote Asrar-Sanadeed? Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Q. When Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was designated as a member of Imperial Council? Ans. 1877. Q. When Sir Syed was designated as member of Viceroy’s Legislative Council? Ans. 1878. Q. Who wrote “Khutbat Ahmedia”? Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Q. Who wrote “Taiban-ul-Qalam”? Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Q. Who started “Tehzib-ul-Akhlaq”? Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Q. M.A.O College was established in the year: Ans. 1875. Q. When Mohammedan Educational Conference was formed? 1866. Q. When British Indian Association was formed? Ans. May, 1866. Q. When Indian National Congress was formed? Ans. 1885. Q. Who formed Indian Patriotic Association?

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Indo-Pak Objective Series by Muhammad Faisal ul Islam--03336587420
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Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in 1888. Q. Who was the founder of Mohammedan Defense Association? Ans. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Q. Who was the founder of Indian National Congress? Ans. Allen Octivian Hume. Q. Who was the founder of Brahmoo Samaj? Ans. Raja Ram Mohan Ray. Q. Who was the founder of Parathna Samaj? Ans. Dr. Atama Ray Pand Ring. Q. Who was the founder of Deo-Samaj? Ans. Sita Mand Agnihotri. Q. Who was the founder of Ram Krishan Messia? Ans. Ram Krishan Persat. Q. Who was the founder of Arya Samaj? Ans. Dianand Sarswati. Q. When Anjuman Himayat Islam was established? Ans. 24 September 1884. Q. Who were the founders of Anjuman Himayat Islam? Ans. Khalifa Hamid-ud-Din, Dr. Din Muhammad Nazir, Munshi Chiragh Abdul Rahim. Q. Who was the first President of Anjuman Himayat Islam? Ans. Khalifa Hamid-ud-Din. Q. When Islamia College Railway Road was established? Ans. 1907. Q. When Islamia College for Girls Copper Road was established? Ans. 1939. Q. When Hindi-Urdu Controversy started? Ans. 1867. Q. When Indian Council Act was enforced? Ans. 1861 and 1892. Q. When Bengal was partitioned? Ans. 1905.

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Q. Who was the head of Simla Deputation? Ans. Sir Agha Khan. Q. Majlis Khadam-e-Kaba was established in? Ans. 1913. Q. What was ‘Muslim Outlook’? Ans. This was the name of a Journal that was started by Khilafat Deputation in London. Q. When Treaty of Severs was signed? Ans. 10 August 1920. Q. Was Moplas against British? Ans. Yes, they supported Khilafat Movement. Q. Who was General Dyre? Ans. General Dyre ordered to shoot in Jalianwala Bagh. Q. Who founded Cow Protection Society? Ans. Bal Ganga Dhar Tilak. Q. Who wrote Bande Mathram? Ans. Bamkin Chander Chiterji. Q. Who founded Mahasabah? Ans. Madan Mohan Maluir. Q. Who was the chief protagonist in Shudi? Ans. Swami Sharad Nand. Q. Who was Bankin Chaterji? Ans. He was the writer of “Anand Nath” a novel. Q. Who is writer of ‘Toward Pakistan’? Ans. Waheed-uz-Zaman. Q. Who is the writer of “Emergence of Pakistan”? Ans. Chaudry Muhammad Ali. Q. Who wrote the “Struggle for Pakistan”? Ans. I.H.Qureshi. Q. Why Pirpur Report was prepared? Ans. To investigate the tyrannies of Congress on Muslims. Q. Why Shraf Report was prepared? Ans. To investigate the cruelties on Congress in Bihar.

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Indo-Pak Objective Series by Muhammad Faisal ul Islam--03336587420
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Q. Who wrote “India Wins Freedom”? Ans. Abul Kalam Azad. Q. When Muslims solemnized day of deliverance? Ans. 22 December 1939. Q. Who wrote “Verdict on India”? Ans. B. Nicholson. Q. Who published “Tehzib”? Ans. Abdul Haleem Sharar. Q. Who is the author of “Foundation of Pakistan”? Ans. Sharif-ud-Din Pirzada. Q. Who wrote “Evolution of Pakistan”? Ans. Sharif-ud-Din Pirzada. Q. Who were Khari brothers? Ans. They were Professor Abdul Satter Khari and Dr. Abdul Jabbar Khari. Q. Who wrote “The Making of Pakistan”? Ans. K.K.Aziz. Q. Who wrote “Now or Never”? Ans. Chaudry Rehmat Ali. Q. Who wrote “A Federation of Cultural Zone for India”? Ans. Dr. Abdul Latif. Q. Who wrote “A Path Way to Pakistan”? Ans. Chaudry Khaliq-uz-Zaman. Q. Who wrote “Pakistan Naguzir Tha”? Ans. Syed Hasan Riaz. Q. Who was Master Tara Singh? Ans. He was the leader of Sikhs. Q. When “Quit India Movement” was started? Ans. 1942. Q. Who wrote “Father and Daughter”? Ans. Begum Shah Nawaz. Q. When Simla Conference was held?

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Ans. 25 June 1945. Q. Who wrote “Transfer of Power in India”? Ans. V.P.Menon. Q. Who were Members of Cabinet Mission? Ans. i. Straford Cripps ii. A.V.Alexander iii. Sir Pathic Lawrence. Q. When Quaid-e-Azam called for Direct Nation Day? Ans. 16 August 1946. Q. Who was the last Viceroy of Britain? Ans. Lord Mountbattan. Q. Who were the members of Punjab Boundary Commission? Ans. i. Justice Muhammad Munir ii. Justice Shah Din iii. Justice Tega Singh iv. Justice Mehar Chand Mahajan. Q. Who proposed the resolution in the meeting and by whom meeting was presided over? Ans. the meeting was presided over by Quaid-e-Azam and Maulvi Fazl-ul-Haq proposed the Resolution. Q. Who confirmed the Resolution as a representative of Punjab? Ans. Zafar Ali Khan. Q. Who supported the Resolution as a representative of Sindh? Ans. Sir Abdullah Haroon. Q. Who confirmed the Resolution as a representative of Balochistan? Ans. Qazi Muhammad Essa. Q. Who supported the Resolution as a representative of KPK? Ans. Aurangzeb. Q. In which election Muslim League won all the seats reserved for the Muslims? Ans. December 1945. Q. When an interim Government was established in the Sub-Continent? Ans. September 1946. Q. The plan of division of sub-continent was declared on: Ans. June 3, 1947.

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POSTPOST-PARTITION
• National anthem of Pak: was played for first time on 13th August, 1954 in front of Raza Shah Pahlavi of Iran. • Plan of division of Indo-Pak: announced on 3rd June, 1947. • Population of Pak: at it birth was 32 million. • First head of state to visit Pak: in 1947 was Ameer of Kuwait. • First president to visit was of Indonesia. • First opposition party of Pak: Jinnah Awami league it was founded by Abudl hameed Bhashwani in 1950. • Area of Pakistan 796,096 sq: km. • National anthem written by Hafiz Jalundri in Charage Sahar in Sinf of Makhmas. • Music composed by Ahmed Ali Chagla. • Flag of Pakistan designed by Ameeruding Qadwani. • Ch: Kahliquzaman became president of ML after Quaid. • Ayub khan laid down foundation stone of Quaid’s Mosulem. • Which airline helped movement of 35000 people from Pakistan to India between Oct. 20 to Nov. 30, 1947? (The same airline also moved 7000 Muslim Govt. officials and the families from Delhi to Pakistan). British Overseas Airways Corporation • Pakistan's share 700 million was actually paid. • Unanimously elected Quaid as President of the Pakistan's first Constituent Assembly on Aug. 11, 1947 • 27th August, 1947: Pakistan admitted as Member of the Food and Agriculture Organization of UN • U.S. embassy in Karachi was established August 15, 1947 • The first US ambassador to Pakistan, Paul H. Alling, was appointed on September 20, 1947. • Who was the British Prime Minister at the time of the partition of India? Attlee • When was it announced by that June 1948 had been determined as the date of withdrawal of British power from India? Feb. 20, 1947 • Secretary of State for India in 1947: Lord Listowel • Viceroy of India from 1943 to 1947: Lord Wavell • Mountbatten arrive in Delhi: March 22, 1947 • Jinnah meet Lord Mountbatten first time: April 5, 1947 • When did Lord Mountbatten announced the partition plan? June 3, 1947 • Mountbatten address the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan? 14th August, 1947 • Indian Independence Bill moved in the British Parliament? July 4, 1947 • Time of creation of Pakistan12 a.m. at the night between 14th and 15th August, 1947? • Who first time announced in English "This is Pakistan Broadcasting Service" at the time of creation of Pakistan? Mr. Zahoor Azar • Who first time announced in Urdu "This is Pakistan Broadcasting Service" at the time of creation of Pakistan? Ghulam Mustafa Hamdani • Egypt announced its recognition of Pakistan 16th August, 1947 • Pakistan applied for membership of UNO: 16th August, 1947

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Indo-Pak Objective Series by Muhammad Faisal ul Islam--03336587420
Notes:

• What is the estimated number of people who migrated on partition of India in 1947? 8,500,000 (dubbed as "largest migration in history" by Information office Delhi) • When did the Pakistan Assembly pass the resolution for changing the name of West Punjab to Punjab? 07-01-1948 • When was it announced that Jinnah would be the Governor General of Pakistan? July 10, 1947 • The last Governor of the undivided Punjab? Sir Evan Jenkins • What does RSS stand for? Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh • Who was the Finance Minister in the first cabinet of the Dominion of Pakistan? Ghulam Muhammad • When did Liaquat Ali Khan move in the Constituent Assembly that the title of "Quaide-Azam" be used for Jinnah in official correspondence? Aug. 12, 1947 • When was Jinnah's name was read in Khutaba at the Pakistan colony mosque by the Sindh Education Minister Pir Illahi Bukhsh? Aug. 22, 1947 • when was it announced that Jinnah would act as Legal Guide to the Assembly in drafting the Constitution? Aug. 23, 1947 • When was the announcement made from Delhi for setting up a Constituent Assembly for Pakistan? July 26, 1947 • When did Jinnah reach Karachi to take part in the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly? Aug. 7, 1947 • 79 members in the first Constituent Assembly for Pakistan? • When did Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah take oath as the first Governor General of Pakistan? Aug. 15, 1947 • Who administered the oath of M.A. Jinnah? Chief Justice of Lahore High Court, Justice Abdur Rasheed • Who administered the oath of Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan? Muhammad Ali Jinnah • What was the venue of the oath taking ceremony of Quaid-e-Azam and Liaquat Ali Khan? Karachi • Sir Francis Maudi took oath as First Governor of West Punjab? • Who took oath as the First Governor of East Bengal? Sir Frederick Bourne • George Cunningham took oath as First Governor of N.W.F.P. • Sheikh Ghulam Hussain oath as the First Governor of Sindh? • Geoffrey Prior took oath as Chief Commissioner Baluchistan. • Last Governor of the undivided Punjab? Sir Even Jenkins • Who took oath as the Chief Minister of Sindh? MA Khuro • Iftikhar Hussain Mamdot took oath as chief Minister of West Punjab • Who was the first Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Army? General Frank Walter Messervy, 15-08-1947 to 10-02-1948 • Who was the First Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Navy? Rear Admiral James Wilfred • Who was the First Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Air Force? Air Marshal L. Parry Cane • Hafiz Abdul Majeed was appointed as Chief Secretary, West Punjab on 18th August, 1947. • Friday was declared as half working day: 22nd August, 1947 • Iran & Pakistan established diplomatic relations: 22nd August, 1947

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Indo-Pak Objective Series by Muhammad Faisal ul Islam--03336587420
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• When was the Governor George Cunningham directed by the Government of Pakistan to dismiss the KPK Congress Ministry headed by Khan Sahib? 22nd August, 1947 • Who was invited to form the KPK Government after dismissal of the Congress Ministry headed by Khan Sahib? KPK Muslim League head, Khan Abdul Qaiyum Khan • First Pakistani documentary film was shown in the cinemas in Karachi on 30-08-1947. What was it about? Events from 2nd to 15th August, 1947 • On 2nd September, 1947 the first Pakistani film was released. What was its title? "Teri Yadd" • Which actors played the lead roles in the first Pakistani film? Asha Bhonslay and Nasir Khan • Who was appointed as Head of the Pakistani delegation to the UN? Mrs.Tasaddaq Hussain on 13th September, 1947 • Who was the first US ambassador to Pakistan? Paul H. Ealing (assumed charge on 23rd September, 1947) • Which country sent 4750 tons rice for making up shortage of food in East Bengal on Sept. 19, 1947? Burma • When was Karachi linked by air with all the provincial capitals? 6th October, 1947 • From which date Postage Stamps were made available in Post Offices? 6th October, 1947 • Who was appointed as the First Muslim Advocate General of the West Punjab? Sheikh Shabbir • When was Pakistan admitted as member of the United Nations? 30th September, 1947 • Who was the Minister for Food and Agriculture in the first Cabinet of Pakistan? Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan • Urdu restarted its publications from Karachi on October 15, 1947 as Pakistan's First National daily in Urdu • Who was appointed Pakistan's ambassador to Iran? Qazi Issa • Pakistan's ambassador to USA? A. H. Isphahani • Indian Dy. Prime Minister in its very first cabinet after partition? Sardar Patel • the Secretary of the Indian Ministry of States? V.P. Menon • Elections to First Constituent Assembly of Pakistan 1946. • Pakistan’s constituent assembly made on July 20th, 1947. • 69 members in the first constituent assembly of Pakistan. • 10 members were later added to the constituent assembly. • Quaid-e-Azam addressed to the constituent assembly for the first time on 11th August, 1947. • Pakistan’s first cabinet was sworn in 15th August, 1947. • Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar held the portfolion of Communications in the first cabinet of Pakistan. • Besides being PM of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan held the portfolios of Defense and Commonwealth. • First cabinet of Pakistan consisted of 7 members including Prime Minister. • Besides PMship, Liaquat had portfolio of Defence and common wealth. • Quaid had portfolio of State and Frontier region. • Zafarullah Khan had Foreign Affairs. • I.I.Chundrigar had Trade, Industry & Public Works. • Malik Ghulam Mohad: had Finance.

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Indo-Pak Objective Series by Muhammad Faisal ul Islam--03336587420
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• Raja Ghazanfar had Food, Agriculture and health. • Abdul Rab Nishtar had communication. • Fazal ur Rehman had Internal Affairs, Information & Education. • Objective Resolution was presented in the Constituent Assembly on 7th Mrach 1949 by Liaquat Ali. • Mountbatten addressed the constituent assembly of Pak: on 14th August, 1947. • Constituent Assembly declared Urdu & Bengali as official languages on 3rd Jan: 1954. • On 24th October, 1954, constituent assembly was dissolved by the governor general of Pakistan Mr. Ghulam Mohammad. • Pakistan became member of UNO on 30th Sep: 1947and the member of NAM in 1979. • Pakistan became member of World Bank in 1950. • Liaquat visited India in April 1950. • Referendum in KPK held 6-17 July, 1947. • Azad Kashmir govt: was setup on 24 Oct: 1947. • Basic democracy system came in May 1959. • 2nd Constitution made by Ayub came in March 1, 1962. • First martyr of Pak: Khuwaja Mohd: Sharif of Ludhiana • Canal water Pact with India=4th May, 1948. • The first governor of Bengal Province was Sir Fredrick Boran, second was Malik Feroz Khan Noon. • First CM of Bengal Province was Khuwaja Nazimuddin, the second CM was Noor-alAmin. • Urdu made national language on 25th Feb: 1948 (chk it) • The second constituent assembly consisted of 80 members. • When did Jinnah visit East Pakistan as Governor General? March, 1948 • When did the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan adopted a resolution presented by the Government for formally proclaiming Karachi as Capital of the Dominion of Pakistan? May 1948 • First C.M of Sindh: Mr. Muhammad Ayub Khuhro • Muhammad Ayub Khuhro was dismissed in April, 1948? • E. De V. Moss was appointed as Chief Pakistan Refugee Commissioner? • The first Chief Minister of East Bengal? Khawajah Nazimuddin • Quaid-e-Azam died on Sept. 11, 1948 due to Cardiac Arrest • Jannah passed away at 72 at 10:20 p.m in G.G House Karachi and buried on 12th Sep: 1948 A.D. • Funeral prayer of Quaid: Shabir Ahmed Usmani. • 40 days of mouring was announced on Quaid’s death. • Who was the successor of Quaid-e-Azam as Governor General? Khawajah Nazimuddin • Jinnah had portfolio of Frontier States and Regions after him Liaquat Ali Khan took over this portfolio. • Objective Resolution presented by Liaquat Ali Khan 13th March, 1949 • Basic Principles Committee set up by the Constituent Assembly to frame a draft Constitution. • Basic Principles Committee presented its report in September, 1950 • Planning Board turned into Planning Commission:1951 • Landlordism abolished in East Bengal: 1950 • Liaquat Ali Khan visited USA:1951

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• Liaquat Ali Khan spend in USA: Three weeks • Te title of the published collection of Liaquat's speeches meant to introduce Pakistan to the West? Pakistan, Heart of Asia • Conspiracy to overthrow Liaquat Government come to light Rawal Pindi: March 1951 • Liaquat Ali khan was assassinated in Rawalpindi on 16th October, 1951. Was buried in Karachi near Quaid. • Liaquat ali Khan born in Kernal (East Punjab) on 1st Oct: 1895. • Who replaced Liaquat Ali Khan as Prime Minister? Khawajah Nazimuddin • Who replaced Nazimuddin as Governor General? Ghulam Muhammad • Jamilla was the first Muslim girl who hoisted Muslim League flag onteh Punjab Secreterat, Lahore (1946) • Rawalpindi became the temporary capital of Pak: in 1960. • First commissioner of Sindh Charles Napier. • Sindh assembly proclaimed Sindhi as official language of Sindh in 1972. • Baluchistan got status of province on 1st July, 1970. • Pak: bought Gawader (1958) & Jiwani from Oman. • Pak: came into being on 27 Ramzan, 1366 A.H Thursday. • Pak: standard time was adopted on Oct:1, 1951. • Population Census-1951, 61,72,81,98. • The only vice-president of Pak: Noorul Amin. • Father’s name of Quaid= Jinnah Poonja • Father’s name of Iqbal=Shaikh Noor Mohd: • 27 Oct: 1947 was observed “Black Day” as Indian forces landed in Azad Kashmir. • Sheikh Abdullah was called founder of National Conference. • Indian Forces occupied Kashmir the state of Jammu and Kashmir on October 27, 1947. • Distance of Kashmir from Pakistan is 250 miles. • Hari Singh was the maharaja of Kashmir in 1947. • % of Muslim population in Kashmir in 1947 was 78%. • UN commission members for India & Pak: were 3 (later 5) visited in July,1948. • Sir Owen Dixon was UN Representative for demilitarization of Kashmir. • National anthem of Pakistan was played for the first time on August 13, 1954. • Urdu made National Language in April 1954 it has 37 letters. • Birth place of Quaid Wazir Mension. • House of Quaid Mohata Palace. • Allama Iqbal’s tomb was built in 1951. • Liaquat Nehru Pact= April 1951. • 17th Oct: 1951 Liaquat shot dead in Rawalpindi by Syed Akbar. • Liaquat visited USA in 1951. • Pakistan issued it first coin on 3rd Jan: 1948. • Quaid inaugurated State Bank on 1st July’1948. • National Bank of Pakistan formed in 1948. • First postal stamp issued in 1948. • Karachi radio station inaugurated by Liaquat on 14th August’1948. • Pakistan recognized China in 1949. • In 1949 July, Pak: got Siachen under Karachi agreement. • Siachen is located in Baltistan. • Siachen is world’s 2nd highest glacier.

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• 22 points of Ulema put on 24th Jan: 1951 by 31 Ulema. • BBC started its first Urdu service on 13th April, 1949. • In 1950, Iftikhar Hussain Mamdot founded Jinnah Muslim League party. • PIA founded: 1954 started international service: 1955 to Jordan via Cairo. • Pakistan got status of Test cricket in 1952. • Sui gas founded in 1952. • First five year plan launched in1955. • National Anthem first broadcasted on radio: 13 August, 1954. • Pakistan signed CENTO (Baghdad Pact) on 23Sep: 1955. • West Pakistan declared “one unit” in 1955 by Mohd: Ali Bogra. • “One unit” repealed on 1st Jan: 1971. • First acting Governor General of Pak: was Major General Sikandar Mirza 17th August 1955 to 16th Oct: 1955. • President Iskandar Mirza visited Afghanistan in 1956. • One unit bill passed during the period of Chaudhry Mohd: Ali 14th oct: 1955 and cancelled on 25th March 1969 by Yahya . • During one unit first GG of west Pak: was Nawab Mushtaque Ahmed Gormani and first CM was Dr. Khan Sahib In 1956. • Pakistan became Islamic Republic on 23rd March, 1956. • 1956 constitution was presented in assembly in Feb 29, 1956.(Early-Governmentsand-Constitution) • Martial law was imposed in Lahore in 1953. • Ch: Rehmat Ali is buried in Cambridge (London) • Pakistan joined SEATO in Sep: 1954. • In Sept: 1958 Gawadar was bought by Khan of Kalat at 40 lacs pounds from Oman • 1st Martial Law= 7 Oct: 1958 ( Gen Ayub Khan-regime ) • 2nd Martial Law=26 March 1969(Gen Yahya-khan-regime) • 3rd Martial Law=7 July 1977 (Gen-zia-regime) • Ayub became first elected president on 17 Feb: 1960. • Ayub transferred capital from Karachi to Islamabad on 1st August 1960. • Indus Basin Treaty signed under World Bank in Sep: 1960. • Pakistan made boundary agreement with Iran on 21st May 1960. • U2 incident happened in 1960. • Ayub khan appointed Ameer Muhammad Khan as Governor of West Pakistan. • Ayub visited US & Queen Elizbeth visited Pakistan in 1961. • Ayub Khan visited USSR on 3rd April, 1965, US in 1961. • Television started on 26 Nov: 1964. • Zafarullah Khan served as president of UN General Assembly’s 7th session in 1962. • Boundary agreement with China was signed in 1963. • Agreement with Canada on first nuclear power station in Karachi was signed in 1965. • Z.A Bhutto served as F.M in Ayub Govt: • Convention League was formed by Ayub. • 1965 war started from 6 to 22 Sept: 1965.(Indo-pakistani-wars) • Defense day is celebrated in Pakistan since 1966. • Major Aziz Bhatti was martyred in 1965 war. • Tashkent Pact was signed by Ayub Khan & Shastri on 3 Jan:, 1966 (USSR, Kosijin) • Fatima Jinnah died in 1967. She was born on 1st August, 1893.

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• Kashmir valley is b/w Big Hamalia and Little Hamlia. • Length of Indus from Hamalia to Arabian Sea is 1980 miles. • Ancient name of India was Arya Warat. • LFO was promulgated on 30th March, 1970 by Yahya Khan. • The post of C-in-C was converted into the post of Chief of Staff in 1970. • 2nd war between India & Pakistan: 3 to 17 Dec: 1971. • Last commander of Pak: in East Pak: Abdullah Khan Naizi. • PNSC established on 1st March 1979. • PTV started its color transmission on December 20th, 1976. • Pakistan signed PTBT in 1978. • Post of Commander-in-Chief changed to Chief of Staff in 1970. • Post of Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff was created in 1976. • East Pakistan became Bangladesh on 16 Dec: 1971. • Simla Agreement signed b/w Bhutto and Indra Gandhi on 2nd July’1972. • Nationalization of educational institutions & industries in 1972. • Nationalization of banks made in 1974. • Denationalization of banks make on Jan:9, 1991 (First MCB). • Pak: Broadcasting Corporation established on Dec: 20, 1972. • The constitution of 1973 was enforced on 1 March 1973. • PM under the 1973 constitution is the head of the cabinet. • The first general elections under the 1973 constitution were held in 1977. • First biogas plant established in 1974. • Ahmadis declared non-Muslims in 1974. • Colour transmission started on 20th Dec: 1976. • First electric train started in 1970. • Steel Mill founded in 1973 (USSR aided) in Bin Qasim. • Pakistan recognized Bangladesh in 1974. • Pakistan joined OIC in 1974, NAM in 1979, PTBT in 1978, SAARC in 1985. • Hudood ordinance enforced on 10 Feb: 1979. • Dr. Abdul Salam awarded Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979. • Faiz Ahmed Faiz got Lenin Prize. • Gen-Zia successed ex-President Fazal Ellahi Choudhri. • In dec: 1981, Ziaul Haq announced Majlis-e-Shoora with 350 members. • Zakat & Ushr ordinance promulgated in 1980. • Wafaqui Mohtasib was created in 1983. • 8th amendment introduced in 1985. • Gen.Zia lifted Martial Law on 30th December, 1985. • Nuclear cooperation pact with China was made on 15th Sep: 1986. • Ojri camp tragedy occurred on 10 april 1988. • The Junejo government was dismissed on 29th May, 1988. • Zia died on 17 August, 1988. • US ambassador who died with Zia was Arnold Raphael. • Ghulam Ishaque Khan became president of Pakistan in 1988. • Pakistan’s re-entry in common wealth in 1989. • First test tube baby at Lahore in 1989. • PTV2: 1992, PTV Morning: Jan 6, 1988, PTV:Sep: 2000. • Kargil Crisis in 1999.

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• Musharaf elected president (10th) on 20 June, 2001. • Durand Line agreement b/w Sir Martimur Durand the FS of Britain and Amir •Abur Rehman, the Afghan ruler November 12, 1893 at Kabul (2050 km, 1300 miles) • HBFC was set up in Nov: 1952. • First satellite Badr-I launched on 16 July, 1990. • On 28 May, 1998 five blasts made at Chagi, the day is known as Yum-e-Takbir. • On 17 May, 1998 India blasted in Pokhran (Rajistan). • Pak: entered nuclear club on 28 May, 1998. • First bank of Pak: = Habib Bank. • Defece day=6th Sep: • Defence day of Pakistan is celebrated on Sep: 6 since 1966 • Airforce day= 7th Sep: • Navy Day=8th Sep: • Kashmir Day=5th Feb: • Friday was declared holiday in Jan: 1977. • EBODO promulgated in 1959. • PRODA came in 1949-1954. • Wheat crisis occurred in 1952. • Number of basic democratc was 80,000. • Ghuauri is Surface to Surface missile. • Anza is Surface to Air missile. • Age of senator is 30. • Age of PM is 35. • Number of tribal areas is 11. • Pakistan Withdrew from SEATO in 1973. • Pakistan left CENTO in March 1979. • Nasir Shabir was first Pakistani to conquer Mount Everest. • Capital of was shifted from Karachi to Islamabad on 1 August 1960. • Indus Basin Treaty was concluded on 19th Sep 1960. • KANNUP was established in 1971. • Tashkent Declaration was signed on 10 Jan 1966. • Saudi King Shah Faisal visited Pakistan in the year of 1966 and 1974. • Pakistan was suspended from commonwealth on 18 Oct 1999. • Mr. Ghulam Muhammad was finance minister before becoming governor general of Pakistan. • Badr I launched on 16th July 1990. • First Agriculture University was established in Faisalabasd. • Pakistan joined SEATO in 1954 but later withdrew from it in the year 1973. • Moraji Desai, former PM of India was the only Indian leader awarded the highest award of Pakistan for a civilian.

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OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS ON POST PARTITION
Q. What was the name of that committee which was formed by Constituent Assembly? Ans. The Committee of Basic Principles. Q. Soon after Independence Pakistan went against India over Kashmir? Ans. 19th October 1947. Q. When Quaid-e-Azam died? Ans. 11 September 1948. Q. When Kashmir cease-fire was agreed under U.N.O? Ans. 26 July 1949. Q. When Liaquat Ali Khan was murdered? Ans. 16 October 1951. Q. When Army took over in bloodless coup d’etat? Ans. 7 October 1958. Q. Who and when first Pakistan Constituent Assembly was dissolved? Ans. Malik Ghulam Muhammad dissolved the Constituent Assembly on 21 December 1954. Q. How the Islamic Identity of Pakistan had been declared in the 1956 Constitution? Ans. Pakistan had been declared as Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Q. When Ayub Khan announced “Basic Democracy”? Ans. 26 October 1959. Q. When Presided Ayub Khan signed 1962 Constitution? Ans. 1st March 1962. Q. When Martial Law of Presided Ayyub Khan was lifted? Ans. 8 June 1962. Q. When war broke out between India and Pakistan? Ans. 6 September 1965. Q. When cease-fire was announced? Ans. 23rd September 1965. Q. When Tashkent Agreement was signed? Ans. 10 January 1966.

Notes:

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Q. When government announced Agartala Conspiracy case against Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman and thirty-four others? Ans. 6 January 1968. Q. When assassination attempt was made on President Ayyub? Ans. 7 November 1968. Q. When President Ayyub resigned? Ans. 25 March 1969. Q. When Yahya Khan took over? Ans. 25 March 1969. Q. When political restrictions were lifted by Yahya khan? Ans. 1st January 1970. Q. When Legal Framework Order was issued? Ans. 28 March 1970. Q. On what date elections were held? Ans. 7 December 1970. Q. When provincial assembly results were held? Ans. 17 December 1970. Q. When Bhutto threatened to withdraw from constitution making? Ans. 17 February 1971. Q. When Yahya khan dismissed civilian cabinet? Ans. 21 February 1971. Q. When Pakistan was dismembered? Ans. 16 December 1971. Q. What name has been given to the Upper House in 1973 Constitution? Ans. Senate. Q. What name has been given to the Lower House in 1973 Constitution?Ans. National Assembly. Q. Who is Chief Executive by the National Assembly in accordance with the Constitution of 1973? Ans. Prime Minister. Q. When Objectives Resolutions was passed by the Constituent Assembly? Ans. 12 March 1949.

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Q. When first Martial Law was declared in Pakistan? Ans. 7 October 1958. Q. In which Constitution East Pakistan had been given the representation in accordance with the proportion of its population? Ans. 1956 Constitution. Q. When 1956 Constitution was abrogated? Ans. 1958. Q. When did General Zia Imposed Martial Law? Ans. 5 July 1977. Q. Who suspended the Constitution of 1973? Ans. General Zia-ul-Haq. Q. When “Eighth Amendment” was introduced by the Constitution? Ans. 1985. Q. When Zia’s plane crashed? Ans. 17 August 1988. Q. When Second Constitution was implemented? Ans. 1962. Q. When was the third Constitution implemented? Ans. 14 August 1973. Q. When first Martial Law was withdrawn? Ans. 9 June 1962. Q. When was the Third Martial Law lifted? Ans. 30 December 1985. Q. When did President Ayyub resign from his office? Ans. 25 March 1969. Q. General Zia held Presidential Referendum in: Ans. 1984. Q. When were four units merged into one unit? Ans. 1955. Q. Who abrogated first Constitution? Ans. Ayyub Khan.

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Q. Who were the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Governor-Generals of Pakistan? Ans. Quaid-e-Azam, Khawaja Nazim-ud-Din, Malik Ghulam Muhammad. Q. Who were the 1st , 2nd and 3rd Prime Ministers of Pakistan? Ans. Liaquat Ali Khan, Khwaja Nazim-ud-Din, Muhammad Ali Bogra. Q. When did second Martial Law was imposed? Ans. 25 March 1969. Q. Pakistan became Nuclear Power on: Ans. 28 May 1997.

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Islamic Republic of Pakistan
• • • • • • Father of the Nation Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) National Poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) Head of the State Asif Ali Zardari, President Head of Government Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, Prime Minister Capital Islamabad Area Total 796,095 Sq. km. Punjab 205,344 Sq. km. Sindh 140,914 Sq. km. KPK 74,521 Sq. km. Balochistan 347,190 Sq. km. FATA 27,220 Sq. km. Islamabad (Capital) 906 Sq. km. Population 190.03 million Religion 95% Muslims, 5% others. Currency Pak. Rupee.

Notes:

• • •

Ratio of languages of Pakistan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Urdu ( 7.6 ) Punjabi ( 44.1 ) Pushto ( 15.4 ) Sindhi ( 14.1 ) Balochi ( 3.6 ) Saraiki ( 10.5 ) Others ( 4.7 )

Economics of Pakistan (Five Year Plans)
So far the government of pakistan has launched the following nine five year plans. ( 1975 to 1978 ) is regarded as no plan period 1. First five year plan (1955-60) 2. Second five year plan (1960-65) 3. Third five year plan (1965-70) 4. Fourth five year plan (1970-75) 5. Fifth five year plan (1978-83)

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6. Sixth five year plan (1983-88) 7. Seventh five year plan (1988-93) 8. Eighth five year plan (1993-98) 9. Ninth five year plan (1998-2003)

Administrative Setup:
Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., North West Frontier Province (KPK), Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining KPK is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Divisions and Districts KPK 7 , 24 Punjab 8 , 34 Sindh 5 , 21 Balochistan 6 , 22 While FATA consist of 13 Areas/Agencies and Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have 7 and 5 Districts respectively.

Parliament:
Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House). The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college. The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).

Pakistan National Flag:
Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolises Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious miniorities.

National Anthem:
• • • • • • • Approved in June, 1954 Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri Words: 50 Lines: 15 Music Composer: Abdul Karim Chhagle Duration: 80 seconds First Played: on 13th august,1954 before "Shah of Iran Raza Shah Pehlavi"

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State Emblem:
The State Emblem consists of: 1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam 2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops 3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and 4. Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Unity Faith, Discipline · Pakistan's Official Map: Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999) · National Flower: Jasmine. · National Tree: Deodar (Cedrus Deodara). · National Animal: Markhor. · National Bird: Chakor (Red-legged partridge) · Flora: Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry · Fauna: The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls · Popular games: Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash. · Tourist's resorts: Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit · Archaeological sites: Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai. · Major Cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot · Major Crops: Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane · Agricultural Growth Rate: 4.15% in 2012-2013 · Total cropped area: 22.0 million hectares · Industry: Textiles, Cement, Fertilizer, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding · Energy Major sources: Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas Power Generating Capacity: MW

National Holidays:
1. Pakistan republic day (23rd march) 2. Labour day (1st may) 3. Bank Holiday (1st july) 4. Independence day (14th aug) 5. Defence day (6th sep) 6. Death Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam (11th sep) 7. Birth Anniversay of Allama Iqbal (9th nov) 8. Birth Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam (25th dec) In addition, The govt of pakistan notifies holidays on Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid -ulUzha,Ashura Muharram and Eid Milad-un-Nabi according to islamic Calendar

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Seaports
International: 2 (Karachi and Bin Qasim.) Fish Harbours-Cum-Mini Ports: 3 (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)

Famous Mountain Peaks:
K-2 (Mt. Godwin Austin) – 28,250 ft./8611 m (2nd in World) Nanga Parbat – 26,660 ft./8126 m (8th in World) Gasherbrum-I – 26,470 ft./8068 m (11th in World)

Famous Mountain Passes:
1. Muztagh Pass 2. Karakoram Pass 3. Khan kun Pass 4. Zagar Pass 5. Kilik Pass 6. Khunjrab Pass 7. Mintaka Pass 8. Dorath Pass 9. Babusar Pass 10. Shandur Pass 11. Lowari Pass 12. Buroghil Pass 13. Khyber Pass 14. Shimshal Pass 15. Ganshero Pass 16. Tochi Pass 17. Gomal Pass 18. Durgai Pass 19. Malakand Pass

Important Rivers Of Pakistan
PUNJAB: Jhelum , Chenab , Ravi , Sutlej SINDH: Hub , Mir Nadi , Arl Nadi KPK: Indus , Kabul , Swat , Bara , Chitral , Zhob , Panjkora , Gomal , Kurram BALUCHISTAN: Hangol , Nari , Bolan , Dasht , Mula , Rakhshan , Pashin Lora

Famous Glaciers:
Siachin – 75 km Batura – 55 km Baltoro – 65 km

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Deserts:
Thar Sindh Cholistan Punjab Thal Punjab

Lakes:
Manchar Sindh Keenjar Sindh Hanna Balochistan Saif-ul-Maluk KPK Satpara Northern Areas Kachura Northern Areas

Major Dams:
Mangla Dam – Punjab Tarbela Dam – KPK Warsak Dam – KPK

Press Organization of Pakistan
1. APNS : All-Pakistan News Agency 2. PFUJ : Pakistan Federal Union of Jounalists 3. APNEC : All-Pakistan News Employees Confederation 4. NECP : Newspapers Editors Council of Pakistan NEWS AGENCIES OF PAKISTAN 1. APP : Associated Press of Pakistan 2. INP : Independent News of Pakistan 3. IPS : Islamabad Press Service 4. PPI : Pakistan Press International

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Metallic Minerals In Pakistan:
Alum : Kalat , Khairpur , Peshawar , Quetta Antimony : Karangli , Qila Abdullah , Shekran Arsenic : Gilgit , Londku Bauxite : Dhamman , Jhal , Muzaffarabad , Niazpur Chromite : Lasbela , Malakand , Muslim bagh , Raskoh Copper: Koh Marani , Kalat , Maranj , Pishin , Saindak Gold : Chitral , Gilgit , Karak , Mardan , Lasbella Iron Ore : Chitral , Chilgazi , Kalabagh, Rashkoh Lead : Chiral , Khuzdar , Lasbella , Mardan Magnesite : Kalat , Khumhar , Abbottabad , Zhob Manganese : Haji Mohd Khan , Abbottabad , Zhob Silver : Saindak (baluchistan)

Non-Metallic Minerals In Pakistan:
Asbestos : Char Bagh , Chitral , D.I Khan , Zhob Calcite : Lasbella , Zhob China Clay : Hazara , Multan , Peshawar , Rawalpindi Coal : Dandot , Degari , Makarwal Dolomite : D.I Khan , Jhimpir , Rawal pindi Flourite : Chitral , Dir , Hazara Glass sand : Bande sadiq , Mianwali , Salt Range Graphite : Chitral , Hazara , Khyber Gypsum : Dadu , D.I khan , Hyderabad , Kohat , Sibi , Quetta Limestone : Daudkhel , D.I Khan , Hyderabad , Kalat , Rohri Marble : Attock , Chagi , Gilgit , Hazara , Mardan, Swat Natural Gas : Dhurnal , Kandhkot, Mayal , Mari , Sui ,Tut , Uch Precious Stones : Chitral , Hunza , Malakand , Swat Salt : Bahadur Khel , Khewra , Kalabagh Silica : Dandot , Hazara , Jangshahi , Makarwal Sulphur : Chitral , Hyderabad , Kalat , Koh sultan

First in Pakistan:
• First country to recognize Pakistan is Iran. • Pakistan opened its first embassy in Iran. • Egypt was first to open its embassy in Pakistan. • First governor of State Bank Zahid Hussain. • First Lady Governor Rana Liaquat Ali (Sindh) 1973-1976. • First lady federal minister Vikarun Nisa Noor (Tourism). • First state to join Pakistan was Bahawul Pur, 1954. • Pak: cricket team first visited England.(chk: India) • First captain of cricket team Abdul Hafeez Kardar. • First century Nazar Mohammd against India in 1954 in Lacknow. • First Woman University is located in Rawalpindi.

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• First governor of Punjab=Francis Moody. • First CM of Punjab=Iftikhar Hussain Mamdot. • First Governor of Sindh=Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah. • First CM of Sindh=Ayub Khoro. • First Governor of Baluchistan=Lt: General Riaz Hussain. • First CM of Baluchistan=Attaullah Mengal. • First Chief Justice of Pak: Sir Abdur Rasheed. • First PM of Azad Kashmir=Abdul Hamid Khan. • First President of AJK=Sardar Ibrahim Khan. • First Commander-in-Chief of Pak: Army was Frank Miservi. • First chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee was General Mohd: Sahrif. • First chief of Staff of armed forces was General Tikka Khan. • First governor State Bank was Zahid Hussain. • First daily newspaper is Amroz 1947. • First lady pilot was Shukriya Khanum. • First museum of Pak established in Karachi in 1950. • First Bank was United Bank (7th August, 1947) • First Agriculture Reforms in Pak: Jan: 24, 1959. • First Chief Election Commissioner of Pak: Mr. Khan F.M.Khan (25th March, 1956) • Election Commision was created on 23rd March, 1956 under Article 137 of 1956 consititution. • First Muslim Commander in Chief of Pak: Ayub Khan. • First Radio Station established was of Karachi. • First T.V station was setup at Lahore on Nov: 26, 1964. • First lady Lady Major General in Pak: Dr. Shahida Malik. • First Space satellite was launched by Pak: in 1990. • First private TV Channel STN launched in 1990. • First Chairman Senate was Habibullah Khan. • First woman judge of High Court: Majida Rizvi. • First constructed barrage of Pak: Sukkur Barrage. • First Secretary General of Pak: Ch: Mohd: Ali. • Agro museum is at Lailpur. • First bio-gas plant was installed in 1974. • First woman bank established on Dec: 1, 1989. • Largest Hockey stadium is National Hockey Stadium Lahore. • First minority minister of Pak: Joginder Nath Mandal held the portfolio of law. • First Atomic Reactor established in Islamabad in 1956. • First census of Indo-Pak: 1881. • First Medical College was Nishtar Medical College. • First to receive Nishan-e-Hyder was Mohd: Sarwar Shaheed. • First private airline of Pakistan is Hajvari. • First TV station in Pakistan started at Lahore. • Pakistan’s first radio station was set up at Karachi. • The first atomic power station of Pakistan was installed in Karachi. • The First President of America who made an official visit to Pakistan was Dwight D. Eishenhower • The first woman bank was established in the year 1989.

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The Largest in Pakistan
Air Lines : PIA Air Port : Quaid-e-Azam International Airport , Karachi Bank : State bank Of pakistan.The largest commercial bank is Habib bank Ltd with Rs. 194.6 billion desposit Barrage : Sukkur Barrage City : Karachi, Estimated population 9.9 million Canal : Lloyd Barrage Canal Cement Plant: Lucky Cement Plant near Luki Marwat Coal Mine: Quetta. Coast: Coast is of Baluchistan (771 km) Dam : Tarbela Dam (vol 148 million cubic metres) Desert : Thar (sindh) Division : Kalat division (Balochistan),Area 1,38,633 sq km District : Khuzdar (Balochistan) Fort : Rani Kot (sindh) Gas Field : Sui Gas Field, Baluchistan Hospital: Nishtar Hospital , Multan Hydro-Electric Power Station : Tarbela (3478 MW) Industrial Unit : Pakistan Steel Mills , Karachi Industry : Textile Industry Island : Manora (karachi) Jungle : Chhanga Manga (Kasur) Lake (Artificial) : Keenjhar Lake (sindh) Lake (natural): Manchhar Lake, Dadu (sindh) Library : The Punjab Public Library, Lahore (Punjab) Mine : Salt Mines , Khewra (punjab) Mosque : Shah Faisal Mosque , Isl Motorway : Lahore-Islamabad, motorway Mountain Range: Karakoram. Museum : National Museum, Karachi Newspaper : Jang (Urdu) ; The news (English) Nuclear Reactor : Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP) Oil Field : Dhurnal Oil Field Park : Ayub National Park , Rawalpindi Radio station : Islamabad Road: Shahrah-e-Pak: Railway Station: Lahore Railway Platform: Rohri Railway Tunnel: Khojak Railway Track: Karachi to Landi Kotal. River : Indus river University : Punjab University , Lahore

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The Longest in Pakistan
Longest tenure as Governor General was Ghulam Mohammad. Longest tenure as President was Ayub Khan. Longest period of rule was of Zia. Longest tenure as PM was of Yousuf Raza Gillani Coast : Balochistan (771 kms long)Frontier : Pak-Afghan border (2252 kms) Railway Platform : Rohri (sindh),Length 1894 feet Railway track : Karachi to Landi kotal Road : Karachi to Peshawar Tunnel (railway) : Khojak baluchistan (2.43 miles) Tunnel (road) : Lowari (5 miles) Tunnel (water) : Warsak Dam Tunnel (3.5 miles)

The Tallest in Pakistan:
Tower : Minar-e-pakistan (height 196 feet 8 inches) Minart : Four Minarets of Shah faisal Mosque with height of 286 feet each Mountain pass : Muztagh Pass (Height 19030 feet) Mountain peak : K-2 (karakoram) height 28269 feet

More Information of Pakistan
• Badshahi mosque built in 1670 A.D. • Designataion of GG changed into President on 23rd March, 1956. • Smallest dam of Pak: Warsak dam. • Nishan-e-Pak: is the highest civil award of Pak • Second highest civil award is Hilal-e-Pak: • Lahore Museum is the biggest in Pak: (chk) • Shortest river is Ravi. • Smallest division is Karachi. • Minar-e-Pak: is 196 ft, 8 inches high. • Pakistan is 34th largest country in the world, 6th population wise. • Smallest civil award is Tamg-e-Khidmat. • Highest dam is Mangla dam. • Pak: expedition to Antarctica reached on 5 Jan, 1991 established Jinnah Research Station • Shortest tenure as PM of Ayub Khan (3 days) then Shujaat Hussain (47 days). • Shortest tenure as President is of Bhutto. • Shortest tenure as Governor General is of Quaid. • Longest tenure as Governor General is of Ghulam Mohd: • The only non-military shaheed to receive Nishan-e-Haider was Subaidar Lalik Jan he belonged to NLI. • Smallest city is Jehlum. • Rainiest city is RawalPindi. • Rainiest place is Muree.

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Geography of Pakistan
• Steel Mill is in Bin Qasim • Old name of Jacobabad is Khangharh. • Kot Digi Fort is in Khairpur district. • Peshawar means city of flowers. • Warsak dam (near Peshawar) is built on Kabul River. • Tirich Mir mounts of Hindu Kash separate Afghanistan and Tajistan from Pak: • Islamia College Peshawar was founded in 1914 by Sahibzada Abdul Qayum. • Quaid Azam Medical College is in Bahawalpur. • Choukundi toms are located near Karachi. • Atock Fort was built by Akbar. • The land b/w Indus & Jehlum river is called Thal Desert or Sindh Sagar Doab. • Ruins of Harapa found in Sahiwal. • Lahore Fort was built by Akbar. • At Toonsa Sharif the borders of three provinces meet. • With Gilgit & Baltistan the frontiers of three counties meet. • Tochi pass connects Pak: with China. • Pak: has 6 international airports. • Pak: has 27 Radio Stations. • ---- district, ---- divisions. • Pak: railways factory is in Risalpur. • Chitral is famous for gold. • Port Qasim is the largest seaport of Pak: smallest is Gawadar • The chairman of National Economic Council is PM. • National flower of Pakistan is Jasmine. • National bird of Pakistan is Chakore. • National tree of Pakistan is Deodar. • National animal of Pakistan is Markhor (a type of goat). • National emblem of Pakistan is Cresent. • National sport of Pakistan is land Hockey. • Oldest cantonment of Pak: is Kohat. • HQ of Pak: Army is at RawalPindi. • HQ of Airforce is at Chaklala. • HQ of Navy is at Islamabad. • Islamabad is 8 miles from Rawalpindi. • Photograph on the coin of one rupee is Quaid’s photo. • “ ::two rupee is Badshahi Mosque (chk) • “ ten rupee note is Khyber Pass. • “ 5 rupee note is

Notes:

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• “ 50 rupee note is • “ 100 is Quaid’s Residecy, Ziarat Quetta. • “ 500 is Badshahi Mosque, Lahore. • “ 100 is Jehangir’s Tomb. • “ 5000 is of Faisal Mosque, Islamabad. • 4.8% of total area of Pak: is forests (standard is 25%) • Hub dam and Thadho Dam are in Malir Karachi near Gadap Town. • Map of Shah Faisal Mosque was made by Wahdat Diloky of Turkey. • Largest radio station of Pak: is Islamabad. • Tarbela dam is in Abot Abad. • Raeewind is in Kasur. • Baitul Maal established in 1992. • General sales tax, under the constitution 1973 is a Federal subject. • Pak: national flag was adopted on 11 August, 1947 • Jasmine adopted on July 5, 1961. • National drink is Cane Juice. • Railway stations in Pak: = 965. • Rabi crops are grown b/w months of Oct-March. • Under Indus Water Basin Treaty Pak: got Jehlum, Chenab & Indus. India got Ravi, Sutlaj. • Chenab and Jehlum flow from Kashmir. • Tirchmir is the highest peak of Hindukash. • A bicameral legislature was proposed for the first time in 1973 constitution. • Length of Pak-India border is 1,610 km. • Length of Pak-Iran border is 805 km. • Length of Pak-China border is 595 km. • Length of Pak-Afghan border is 2052 km or 1300 miles. • 5 rivers flow in Punjab Ravi, Sutlaj, Chenab, Indus & Beas. • Warsak dam is on Kabul River. • Rawal Dam is on Kurrang River. • Khanpur dam is on Haro River. • Tanda dam is in Baluchistan. • Tarbela deam was completed in 1969. • Length of Indus is 2900 km. • Source of Indus is Mansoorowar Lake in Gilgit. • Muztag pass connects Gilgit-Yarkand (China). • Khankum Pass connects Chitral-Wakhan (Afghanistan) • The Shandur Pass connects Chitral and Gilgit. • Khyber Pass connects Peshawar-Kabul • Kulk pass connects Gilgit-China. • Bolan pass connects Queta-Afghanistan. • Tochi pass connects Pak:-China. • Length of Silk Rourte (Korakorum Route) is 965 km. • Geneva Pact was signed on 14th April, 1988. • Simpla Pact was singed on 3rd July, 1972. • Numb: of words in anthem=50. • Numb: of lines in anthem=15.

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• Numb: of ammendements made 17. • Numb: of troops in a division are 12000 to 20,000. • Numb: of troops in brigade is 4000 to 5000. • Barrages built on Indus = 8. • Tarbela dam is in KPK (Abotabad) on Indus river.(Largest) • Mangla dam is in AJK on Jehlum River(Highest) • Warsak dam is in KPK near Peshawar on Kabul river. • Direct dialing system was introduced b/w Lahore and Rawalpindi for first time in 1964. • Rivers of Pakistan----- Punjab== Ravi+Chanab+Sutlaj. • :::: Sindh ===Indus, Hub. • KPK==Kabul, Sawat, Zhob. • Baluchistan==Bolan. • Baluchistan is 43% of total Pak:. • Geographical divisions of Pak: are 1.Northern Mountains, 2. Western off-shoots of Himalayas, 3. Baluchistan Plateau, 4. Potohar Plateau & Salt range, 5. Lower Indus Plain, 6. Thar desert. • Pak: has 3 stock exchanges (confirm it). • Broad Peak I is on Karokarum range. • Colonel Sher Khan belonged to Sindh Regement. • Kot Diji is a fort in Khairpur. • Ancient mosque of Pak: is at Bhambhor. • Time taken to sing National Anthem is 1 minute, 20 sec. • Instruments used are 38. • Texila is in Punjab and KPK. • Rashid Minhas martyred in August 1971. • Mangla dam is on river Jehlum. • Old name of Supreme Court is Federal Court. • 10 persons have received Nishan-e-Hyder. • Kharif (Summer Season) crops include—Cotton, rice, sugar cane, maize, Jaur and Bajra. • Rabi (Winter OCT-March) crops are wheat, gram, barley and tobacco. • Jhat Pat is the old name of Dera Allah Yar. • There are 7 rivers in Baluchistan. • Mast Tawakkal was the poet of Balochi. • Khanpur dam is near Haripur. • Skardu is also called “Little Tibet”. • Swat became part of Pakistan in 1969. • The most precious gemstone “Emerald” are found in Swat. • Gilgit is the capital of Northern Areas of Pak: • Khushhal Khan belonged to English period. • The alphabet of Pushto was prepared by Saifullah. • First poet of Pushto was Amir Karar. • Saiful Maluk is near Naran. • Dera Adam khan is famous for Gun factory. • Durand line is b/w Peshawar and Afghanistan. • Pakistan Forest Institution is located in Peshawar.

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• Bala Hassan Fort was built by Babrat at Peshawar. • Saidu Sharif is a lake in KPK. • British took Peshawar from Sikhs. • Population-wise KPK stands 3rd. • Area-wise it is 4th. • Lands down Bridge connect Sukkur with Rohri. • Guddu Barrage was completed in 1932. • Real name of Qalandar Lal Shahbaz is Shaikh Usman Marvindi. • In 1973 constitution there are 290 articles. • Pak: comprises of 61% of mountainous area. • National Assembly has 342 seats & Senate has 100 seats with 14 for each province. • Provincial Assembly seats Punjab=371, Sindh=168, KPK=124, Baluchistan=65. • Name of Ustad Bukhari is Syed Ahmed Shah. • Real name of Shaikh Ayaz is Shaikh Mubarak. • Barrages on Indus are Toonsa, Jinnah, Sukkur, Gudo, Kotri & Ghulam Mohd:. • Ports and harbours are Kimari (Kar: ), Bin Qasim (Kar: ), • Jinnah Naval Base (ormara), Gawadar (Baluc: ), Panjgore (Baluch: ). • Deserts of Pak: Thar (Sindh), Thal (Punjab), Cholistan (Punjab). • Famous glaciers are Siachen, Batura, Baltoro. • K2 (Karakurum Range) with 8610 meters. • Mountain Ranges are Himaliya, Koradoram, Hindu Kash, Sulaiman and Salt Range. • Tomb of Babur is in Kabul. • Real name of Noor Jahan (Wife of Jahangir) was Mehrun Nisa. • NADRA was setup in Feb: 16, 2000. • The master plan of Islamabad was prepared in 1960 by MIS Constructinos Doxiades (of Greek). • National Institute of Oceanlogy Karachi =1982. • Pak: test fired Ghauri missile in April 6, 1998. • First nuclear reactor was setup in Karachi. • Pak:’s first agriculture university setup in Faisalabad. • Chomas festival is held in Kalash valley near Chitral. • Nearest provincial capital from Islamabad is Peshawar. • Tomb of Hamayoon is in Delhi. • Tomb of Jahangir is at Lahore. • National Assembly has 60 women seats. • National anthem was written in 1954. • Gandhara civilization discovered from Texila. • Social Action Plan launched in 1992-93. • Rahmat Ali suggested name of Pakistan on 28th Jan: 1933 in “Now or Never” pamphlet in London. • Rehmat Ali was born in 1893 in a village Mohar district Hoshiyarpur (East Punjab). • Rahmat Ali died at the age of 58 in 1951 and was buried in Cambridge University. • Ancient name of Peshawar was Phushkalvati. • India framed its constitution in 1950. • Kara korum Highway (Silkroute) B/w Pak: & China was completed on 18th June, 1978. • Jamrood Fort (Peshawar) was built by General Hari Singh Nalwa in 1836. • Landi Khani is the end of the main line of Railway system of Pakistan.

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• Cholistan desert is in Bahawlpur district. • Harpa is in Sahiwal. • Bhambhore is in Thatta. • Firdousi, the Persian poet (Shah Nama) was the member of Sultan Mehmood’s court. • Tomb of Baba Farid is in Pak Patan. • Tomb of Sachal is in Ranipur. • Nishtar Hospital is the largest hospital in Pakistan and was built in 1953. • A.H means Anne Hegirae (Latin Term) =13th Sep: 622 A.D. • Nanga Parbat is situated in Himalayan. • Total arable land of Pakistan is 27%. • Pakistan is situated at the West End of the Indo Gangetic. • Wakhan separates Pakistan from Tajikistan. • Hindu-kush range is also known as Little Pamirs. • Sub-Himalya is also known as Siwaliks. • The Sindh Sagar Doab is also known as Thal Desert. • Takt-I-Suleman is the highest peak of Sulaiman Mountains. • The length of Indus River is 2900 km. • Six barrages are constructed on the River Indus. • Hispar Glacies is located in Hunza. • The famous Umar Kot fort was built in 1746. • Katch and Gawadar are the districts of Makran Division. • Punjgore is the district of Makran division. • Meaning of Quetta is fort. • Gomal River is in KPK. • The total length of coastline of Pakistan is 1046. • Cease Fire line came into existence in 1949. • Pakistan can be divided into six natural regions. • High of K2 is 8611 Meters. • The coldest place in Pakistan is Sakardu. • Most of the Hosiery Industry is located in Karachi. • The Heavy Mechanical complex was established with the help of China at Taxila. • The first Census in the subcontinent took place in the year 1901. • Wheat is the major Kharif Crop of Pakistan. • Kotli is the city of Azad Kashmir. • The SOS village built in Faisalabad. • Pakistan celebrated Quaid’s year in 2001. • Pakistani Cricketer Saeed Anwar declared to join Afghan Jehad. • Maulana Shibly wrote books on Islamic History. • The first translation of the Holy Quran was in Sindhi. • Qutab Minar is in Delhi. • Cholistan Desert is in Bahawalpur. • Pakistan can be divided per climate into 4 regions. • Hashim Shah wrote Sassi Punnu. • The British Communal Award was announced in 1932. • Land between two rivers is called Do, aba. • Shah Jahan Constructed Jamia Masjid Thatta. • Sindh River flows from Bolan River.

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Notes:

• Kohat is the oldest cantonment of Pakistan. • Muslims were interested in the art of Calligraphy. • The length of Durand Line is 2240 km. • The length of Pakistan’s common border with Iran is 805 km. • Chinese province adjoining Pakistan is Sinkiang. • Jinnah Barrage is originated on the river Sindh. • The height of Tarbela Dam is 500 feet. • Wah city of Pakistan is linked with cement, arms and ammunition industry. • Sukkur barrage is completed in 1932. • Khanpur Dam is near Islamabad. • Simly Lake is near Islamabad. • Tanda Dam is located in KPK. • Khanpur Dam irrigates Attock and Abbotabad. • Sassi was born in Bhutta Wahan. • Baba Farid Shakar Gunj died at Pakpattan in 1265. • Nishtar hospital is the largest hospital in Pakistan. • Sahiwal is the new name of ‘Montgomery’. • Noor Mahal is located at Bahawalpur. • The founder of Suharwardi silsila in Pakistan is Rukn-e-Alam. • Baheshti Darwaza is located in Pakpattan. • The tomb of Anarkali is situated in at Lahore. • Shahjehan built Shalimar Garden. • Hazrat Data Gunj Baksh came in Lahore in 1039 A.D. from the city of Ghazni. • Minar-e-Pakistan is also called Minto park • Data Ganj Baksh is the author of Kashful Mahjoob. • Badshaahi mosque was built in 1674. • The construction of Islamabad began in 1952. • Sher Shah built G.T. Road. • Imperial Highway is the old name of G.T. Road. • Karakoram highway passes through 3 ranges. • Nanga Parbat is commonly known as Killer Mountain. • Karakoram highway was completed in 1978. • Karakoram was completed in the total period of 20 years. • The word Karakoram means ‘crumbling rock’. • Karakoram is a Turkish word. • Karakoram highway passes through khunjrab pass. • Punial is said to be the place where ‘heaven and earth meet’. • Siachin glacier is located near Astor. • Hunza is called real Shangrilla. • Khyber Pass connects Gilgit with Chitral. • Totally Punjab has 8 divisions. • The contribution of forestry to the agriculture sector is 0.4%. • Use of Boron and Zink can improve cotton yield. • National Arid and Land Development and Research Institute is located at Islamabad. • Arid Zone Research Centre of PARC is situated at Quetta. • Thar Coalfield is the biggest coalfield of Pakistan. • An M-1 motorway is Islamabad-Peshawar.

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Notes:

• NEC (company) set up Pakistan’s first T.V. station. • 3 radio stations were working at the time of partition. • Total length of Indus Highway is • The new name of Debal is ‘Bhanbhore’. • Gharo Creek is a lake. • Kalakot Fort is situated near Thatta. • Ranjit Singh sold Kashmir for 75 Lakhs. • Poonch, a state of Kashmir, fought with Dogra by obtaining arms from tribal areas. • 10 seats are reserved for non-muslims in National Assembly. • Frank Meseri was the first C-in-C of Armed Forces. • The religion of Tamil is Hinduism. • There is only one female university in Pakistan. • Kohat is the oldest cantonment of the country. • Shalimar Garden was built in 1642 A.D. • Faisalabad is commonly known as little Manchester. • Harrappa is located at Sahiwal. • The tomb of jehangir is located a Shahdara. • Tomb of Noor Jehan is located at Lahore. • Attock Fort was built byAkbar. • Heer Ranjha was written by Waris Shah. • Sohni Mahiwal was written by Hashim Shah. • Sindh is called Bab-ul-Islam. • Chack was the father of Raja Dahir. • Keti Bunder is the name of a coastal area. • French Beach is located at Karachi. • Ranikot Fort is located near Hyderabad. • Kotri barrage was built in 1955. • Al Mawardi was born in Basra. • Nizam-ul-Mulk tusi was famous for his wisdom. • “USA is ruled by a power elite,” said C.Wright Mills. • Hub dam supplies electricity to Sindh. • The number of divisions in the province of Sindh is five. • Total districts in the province of Sindh are 22. • Naib Subedar is the lowest commissioned officer of Pakistan Army. • River Kabul joins Indus river at Attock. • Meerani Dam is under construction near Turbat. • Chashma right bank canal on the Indus River provides water for Jhelum River. • Jinnah station was established in continent Asia on January 25th, 1991. • National institute of silicon technology was established in 1991. • Rawalpindi, a region of Punjab, is free from the problem of water logging. • Jhelum River joins Chenab River near Trimmu. • River Ravi originates in the Indian state of Hamachel Pradesh. • Chashma barrage was built in 1971 on river Indus. • Warsak dam was built in 1960 on river Kabul. • Rawal dam was built in 1965 on river Kurang. • Pakistan’s oldest archaeological site is situated near Larkana. • Ayoub Park covers an area of 2300 acres.

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Notes:

• Khewra is the main source of gypsum in Pakistan. • Sainadak is famous for copper, silver and gold. • Attock oil refinery is located in Rawalpindi. • 43% of the gas is obtained from Sui. • Peshawar means ‘city of flowers’. • Lahore Fort was built in 1560. • National singer, Noor Jehan, died on 23rd December, 2000. • Taxila is located b/w Jehlum and Indus. • Mahbub-ul-Haq Human Development Center is locates at Islamabad. • Nasirabad region of Balochistan will be irrigated through Kachi cananl. • The district of the country having lowest population density is: Kharan • In violation of lndus Basin Treaty 1960, India has constructed Wullar barrage on River Jhelum. • Water -flows of the river are diverted to Wuller Barrage through the construction of Kishanganga Dam. • India is constructing Kishanganga Dam in Baramula. • India has constructed “Baglihar Dam” in occupied Kashmir`s district of Doda. • AKHORI DAM. Location. Across Nandnakas near Akhori village about 28 KM east of Attock Punjab. • Wakhan is a narrow strip of land which separates Afghanistan from Pakistan. • Hoysals was a Kingdom of South during Ala-ud-Din Khilji’s period. • Raja Tarangini is a book on history of Kashmir written by Pandit Kachan. • Koshak-e-Siri was the name of the Palace of Ala-ud-Din. • Ustad Isa was the Chief Architect of Taj Mahal Agra. • Mahabat Khan was a renowned General of Jahangir. He arrested Jahangir and Noor Jahan. • Malik Kafur was a General of Ala-ud-Din Khilji. He conquered Deccan. • Alai Darwaza was the structure constructed by Ala-ud-Din Khilji near Qutb Minar in 1311 A.D. • Tehrik-e-Alfi was a history written by a team of historians during the reign of Akbar. • Nasir-ud-Din Qubacha was a lieutenant of Muhammad Ghouri and served as Governor of Multan. • Durgavati was the ruler of Gondwana and was defeated by Akbar in 1564 A.D. • Maham Anaga was the foster mother of Akbar the Great. • Gulbadan Begum was the sister of Mughal King Hamayun. She wrote “Hamayun Nama”. • Infallibility Decree was a document signed by Akbar in 1597, which authorized him to act as the supreme arbitrator in civil and ecclesiastical affairs. • Battle of Plassey (1757) was fought between:The Ruler of Bengal and East Indian Company. • Lucknow Pact (1916) provided for the representation of Muslims in the Provincial Lagislative Councils in the proportion of One-Half of the elected members in Bengal to the Muslims. • The August Offer (1940) was aimed at Offering greater share to Indians in Services. • Nadir Shah, King of Persia, marched into Delhi in 1739. • Diarchy was introduced in the government of Indian Act of 1919. • Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zakariya:

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Ans. He was a great saint of Suharwardi branch of mysticism and flourished in Multan. • Sidi Maula was a saint of Jalal-ud-Din Khilji’s period and was executed on charges of political treason. • Juna Khan was the original name of Muhammad bin Taghluq. • Ain-e-Akbari is the renowned work of Abul Fazl about the Government of Akbar the Great. • Tarikh-e-Daudi A history of Lodi Dynasty written by Abdullah during the Mughal period. • In order to inquire into the injustice done to the Muslims during congress ministries, the Muslim League appointed a committee under the chairmanship of Raja Muhammad Mehdi. • Uch: A place near Bahawalpur district. It is the burial place of Makhdoom Jehanian. • Tabaqat-e-Akbari was the name of history written by ‘Nizam-ud-Din’ in 1593. It contains detailed account of Ghaznavids to the 36th year of Akbar’s reign. • Buland Darwaza was built by Akbar the Great at Fatehpur Sikri to commemorate his conquest of Gujrat. • Fatawa-e-Jehandari was ‘Zia-ud-Din Barani’s’ book on state craft. • Shams Siraf Afif: Author of ‘Tarikh-e-Firuz Shahi”. • Fuwaid-ul-Faud was written by Zia-ud-Din Barani. • Mirza Haider Dughlat: Ans. He was a cousin of Babur and author of ‘Tarikh-e-Rashidi’. • Nadir-ul-Asr Mansur: The title was conferred by Mughal Emperor Jahangir upon his Court Painter Mansoor. • Muhammad Masum Nami: A Governor of Qandhar. He lies buried at Sukkur. He wrote “Tarikh-e-Sinkh” • Muslim League was founded under the leadership of Nawab Saleemullah Khan. • Allama Iqbal was elected as a member of Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1926 and chosen President of Muslim League in 1930. • Iqbal’s early poems were composed mainly in • Bang-e-Dara and published in the year 1924. • Mr Mountbattan announced the Partition of India into two independent states on 3rd June 1947. • The Cabinet Mission Scheme was placed before Quaid-e-Azam in April 1946. • The Forty: This term refers to the forty slaves of Iltumish who played important role in contemporary politics. • Panipat is a famous town near Delhi. Three important battles were fought on this ground. • Moeen-ud-Din Ajmeri was a great saint of Chisti sect of Islamic Mysticism. • Syed Brothers: Hussain Ali and Abdullah Khan who flourished in the early part of the 18th century are historically known as Syed Brothers. They were King Makers for few years. • Rohtas Fort was built by Sher Shah near Jehlum. • Firdausi wrote “Shahnama” and was also a court poet of Mahmud of Ghazni. • Auqaf: Muslims Holy religious places are termed as Auqaf. • Bahagar Kabir: Founder of Bakhti Movement. He flourished in 15th century. • Kashful Mahjub is renowned work on mysticism by Ali Hajveri (Data Sahib). • Abul Fazl: A leading light of Akbar’s reign. He wrote “Akbarnama” which is the most

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authentic history of Akbar’s period. • Mudrasa Rahimia was established by Shah Abd-ur-Rahim at Delhi. • Jainism is a religious movement started by Mahavirs. • The year when the Quaid-e-Azam decided that the Muslim League would join the Interim Government in India was 1946. • The name of a person who has been the Governor General as well as the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Khuwaja Nazim-ud-din. • Tahmasap: The King of Persia who helped Hamayun to recapture his throne. • Qutb-ud-Din Aibak was a great commander of Muhammad Ghouri who laid foundation of Slave Dynasty. • Ghazi Malik: was the original name of Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq. • Amir Khusrau: A great poet and singer. He was a disciple of Khawaja Nizam-ud-Din Aulia. He flourished during the Sultanate Period. • Dara Shikohwas son of Shah Jahan, he fought against Aurangzeb Alamgir. He was mystic and writer. • Bairum Khan was tutor of Hamayun and Akbar. He was chiefly instrumental in the victory of Mughals over Hemu in 1556. • Madrasa-e-Rahimia: A famous religious institution started by Shah Abdul Rahim (Father of Shah Waliullah). • Noor Jahan was a beloved Queen of Jahangir. She was an accomplished lady and assisted her husband in the affairs of the state. • The Objectives Resolution was accepted by the Constituent Assembly on 12 March 1949. • Sikandar Mirza was the last Governor General of Pakistan. • Zill-e-Elahi means: Shadow of Allah. • Sabuktgin was the ruler of Ghazni. He ruled Ghazni from 977 to 997. • Ibn-e-Batuta was a famous African traveler who stayed in the court of Muhammad bin Taghluq for several years. He traveled over the quarter part of the then world from China to India. • Kanwaha is the historical place in North India where Babur defeated the Rajputs in 1527. At this historical place, Babur broke his wine vessels. • Sarus Sadur: Guardian of Islamic Law and Spokesman of Ulema. • Qutbat-ul-Islam Mosque was built by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak near Qutb Minar at Delhi. • Francis Bernier was a European traveler who visited Indian during Shahjehan’s Period. • H. Kh. Baqi Billah Bairang was renowned saint of Naqshbandia order and was the spiritual guide of Hazrat Majadded Alf Sani. • Kitab-ul-Hind was written by Al-Bairuni. This is an authentic source about Indian culture and social life. • The ‘Objectives Resolution’ was passed at Karachi by the Constituent Assembly in 1949. • The “One Unit” bill was accepted by the Parliament on 19th October 1955 when M. Ali Bogra was Prime Minister of Pakistan. • Pirthvi Raj was overthrown and killed in 1192 A.D. at Thanesar by Muhammad Ghouri. • Qutb Minar of Delhi was designed as a tower of victory being the hallmark of the Empire of the Turks. • The famous garden Ram Bagh at Agra was laid out by Sikandar Lodi.

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• The Lodi Dynasty was founded by Bahlol. • Dara Shikoh in his religious thought was influenced by Mullah Shaida. • The famous manuscript “Shikasta” and “Nastaliq” were written by Aurangzeb. • In India, the legal status of the provinces was for the first time recognized under the Govt: of India Act 1935. • The proposal of Union of India embracing both British India and the states was put forward by the Cabinet Mission. • The JUP was set up in1948. • The Syed Dynasty was founded by Khizar Khan. • The Buland Darwaza is situated at Fatehpur Sikri. • Jahangir was imprisoned by Mahabat Khan. • Champaner is a General. • Mukhdum Jehanian Jalal-ud-Din Jehangasht was a saint of Suhrwardiya Silsilah. • Petticoat Government was headed by Maham Angah. • I will tear it or burn it or throw it away but never accept it. Who stated this about the Government of India Act 1935? Ans. M. K. Gandhi. • The Rashmi Roomal Movement of 1905 was initiated by Muhammad Ali Jauhar. • The Indian Independence Act was passed in the British Parliament on 18th July. • Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya was a Sufi of Chishtia Order. • Manachi was a European traveler who came to the court of Jahangir. • One of the earliest coming Saints to India was Khawaja Qutb-ud-Din Bakhtiar Kaki. • Home Rule League was founded in 1916. • The Baghdad Pact was signed in 1955. • The System of Basic Democracy was first introduced in 1959 • Hazrat Mehal’s real name was Umrao. She valiantly took part in 1857 War of Independence. She was the wife of Wajjid Ali Shah of Oadh. • Syed Ameer Ali was an intellectual of high caliber. He worked as a lawyer, a Judge of Calcutta High Court, founded Central National Mohammedan Association and remained President of the Hughlie Imambara. He worked hard for Muslim League and Khilafat Movement. He settled down in London and died there. • Manzoor Qadir was son of Sheikh Abdul Qadir. He was a seasoned advocate. He represented Pakistan at the International Law Association in Yugoslavia. He worked as Foreign Minister of Pakistan and Chief Justice of West Pakistan High Court. • Lala Lajpat Rai was a great Arya Samajist. He took a most prominent part in the Congress affairs and along with Tilak and Bebin Pal took a prominent part in changing the Congress method from one of petition to that of application of direct sanction. He incurred displeasure of the British Government and was deported to Burma in 1907. He took part in non-cooperation movement and boycott movement. • Divide & Quit written by Penderel Moon. • Foreign Policy of Pakistan: A Historical Analysis is written by S. M. Burk. • Name the person who negotiated the Canal Water Dispute between India and Pakistan: Ayyub Khan. • Sindh and Multan were conquered by Muhammad bin Qasim under the reign of the Islamic Caliph Walid bin Abdul Malik. • Hazrat Ali Hajveri (popularly known as Hazrat Data Ganj Bakhsh) belonged to Suharwardia Order.

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• Fatawa-e-Jahandari was written by Zia-ud-Din Barani. • Under the Mughals capital of the lower Sindh was Thatha. • Kashmir was included into the Mughal Empire of Delhi in October 1586. • In a battle near Peshawar, Jaipal was defeated by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1001. • The Battle of Plassey firmly established the British Rule in Bengal. • When presidential form of constitution was imposed 1st March 1962. • The Qutb-ul-Islam mosque was built by Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban. • Who contributed largely to the spread of Islam in Bengal Shahab-ud-Din Suharwardi. • Syed Ahmad Shaheed fell martyr in 1831 at Balakot (KPK). • The Scientific Society was founded in 1864 at Ghazipur. • In 1946 Elections, the All India Muslim League got 100 percent seats in the Central Assembly and over 88.8 percent seats in the Provincial Assemblies. • The Second Summit Conference of the OIC was held in 1974 at Lahore. • The “Asrar-us-Sanadeed” was compiled by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. • The Central Muhammadan Association was founded by Syed Amir Ali. • The Muhammadan Literary Society of Calcutta was founded by Syed Amir Ali. • Mr. Jinnah returned from England in year October 1935 to reorganize the AIML. • The Indus Water Basin Treaty was signed in the year 19th September 1960. • The Alai Darwaza is situated at Delhi. • Baba Farid Ganj Shakar was a saint of Chishtia Silsila. • Arhai Din Ka Jhonpara was a mosque. • Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam was established in the year1884. • Islamabad was made capital of Pakistan in the year 1959. • Muhammad bin Qasim was called back by Walid bin Abdul Malik. • Pirthvi Raj was defeated by Muhammad Ghouri in 1192 A.D. at the battle of Tarain. • Khilji Dynasty was founded by Jalal-ud-Din Firuz Khilji. • The R.C.D. was brought about in 1964 among Pakistan, Iran, Turkey. • The first and second Presidents of the First Constituent Assembly of Pakistan were M. A. Jinnah and Ch. Muhammad Ali respectively.. • PARODA and EDBO were promulgated in 1949 and in 1958 respectively. • The All Indian Muhammadan Educational Conference was founded in 1886. • Tahzeeb-ul-Akhlaq was started in 1867. • The Queen’s Proclamation was made in 1858. • The author of “Mission with Mountbattan”: Compbell Johnson. • The Federal Shariat Court was established in 25th June 1980. • Khusrau Malik was the Governor of Lahore. • Sindh was conquered by Muhammad Ghauri in 1182. • Hamayun was born at Kabul. • Peacock throne was erected by Shahjehan. • Pirpur Committee was formed in 1937 and was headed by Raja Muhammad Mehdi of Pirpur. • Bahadur Shah II was the Supreme Commander of the rebellious armies in the War of Independence, 1857. • Hyderabad Deccan surrendered to India on 17 September 1948. • Peshawar was captured by Syed Ahmad Shaheed in 1830. • Government of Indian Act, 1935 came into operation in 1937. • Muhammad bin Qasim captured the city Daibul in 712 A.D.

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• The Temple of Somnath was situated near the peninsula of Gujrat. • Arabic coinage was first introduced in Indian by Jalal-ud-Din Firuz. • Khilji Dynasty was established by Ala-ud-Din Khilji. • Babur the founder of Muhgal Dynasty, died in 1530 A.D at Delhi. • The biggest Mosque built by Shahjehan in located at Delhi. • Red Fort of Delhi was built by Shahjehan. • Shabbir Ahmad Usmani was the first president of Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam. • My life……..A Fragment was written by Muhammad Ali Jauhar. • Yayha Khan became the Chief Martial Law Administrator on 25 March 1969. • The institution of the Federal Ombudsman was created in 13 January 1983. • The Lovely Moti Masjid is located at Agra. • Mahmud Ghaznavi is described as “the first pioneer and path-finder for Islam in this country” by Lane Poole. • Buland Darwaza commemorates Akbar’s conquest of Gujrat. • Behzad was a famous Persian painter. • The real names of Nawab Mohsin-ud-Mulk and Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk are Mehdi Ali Khan and Mushtaq Hussain respectively. • The “Zamindar” and “Comrade” newspapers were edited by Maulana Zafar Ali Khan and Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar respectively. • Liaquat Ali Khan was martyred by Said Muhammad. Punjab was given the status of a province on 1st April 1970 • The Kaunpur Mosque incident took place on 3 August 1913. • Police firing on Khaksars in Lahore took place on 19 March 1940. • Lal Bahadur Shahstri was the Prime Minister of India at the time of Tashkent Declaration. Muhammad bin Qasim appointed Alafi as his advisor. • Old name of Pakpatan was Ajudhan. • The tomb of Babur is situated at Kabul. • Akbar was born at Umar Kot. • The author of “Safinat-ul-Auliya” was Dara Shikoh. • Mumtaz Mahal gave birth to 14 children. • Maulana Azad’s real name was Abu-al-Kalam. • Hamdard was published by Ali Jauhar. • Lord Linlithgow was the viceroy of Indian during the 2nd World War. • Defense Council was formed on 1st April 1948. • Liaquat Ali Khan went to America in May 1950. • The Simla Agreement was signed on 3rd July 1972. • Myth of Independence was written by Z. A. Bhutto. • Author of My Brother is Miss Fatima Jinnah. • The First Constituent Assembly was dissolved on 24th October 1954. • 8th Amendment in the Constitution of 1973 was made in 1985. • The real name of Noor Jehan was Mahr-un-Nisa. • Haren Minar was built by Jehangir. • The tomb of Qutb-ud-Din Aibak is in Lahore. • Sir Syed Ahmad Khan went to England along with his son named Syed Mahmud. • Nawab Abdul Latif founded Muhammadan Literary Society in the year1863. • The founder of “Islamia College Peshawar” was Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum.

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• The author of the book “Two Nation Theory” is: Shafiq Ali Khan. • The author of the book “Political System of Pakistan” is Khalid bin Saeed. • The Canal Water Dispute was solved through the good offices of World Bank. • The site for Islamabad was selected in 1960. • Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto inaugurated the new Education Policy in 1974. • Bombay came to British possession through Dowry. • The High Courts in Indian were established under the Act of 1861. • Bee Amma’s real name was Abida Bano. • Quaid-e-Azam visited KPK in his life time: Twice. • Bande Mathram was composed in Bengal. • Who was the president of Muslim League in 1932 Aziz Ahmad. • Chaudry Rehmat Ali was a student at Cambridge’s college called Trinity. • Mahatma Gandhi returned to India in 1915. • KPK got the status of the Governor’s province in 1937. • Sir Syed Ahmad Khan retired from service in: 1876. • The Fraizi Movement was founded by: Hajji Shariat Ullah. • The first Central Office of Muslim League was established in Lucknow. • All India Muslim Students Federation was founded at Aligarh. • Quaid-e-Azam reached Pakistan on 7th August, 1947. • Nizam-e-Islam Party was founded by Chaudry Muhammad Ali. • The famous book “ Hayat-e-Javed” was written on the life of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. • How many times Mahmud invaded India? Seventeen. • Who is the author of the book titled “Last Days of Quaid”? Col: Elahi Bakhsh. • The oldest regional language of Pakistan is Sindhi. • Pakistan joined Non-Aligned Movement at Bandung in 1979. • Under the Constitution of 1956 which language was declared as the National Language? Urdu and Bengali. • Under which Constitution, “Bicameralism” was introduced in Pakistan.1973. • When was the first SAARC Conference held? Ans. 1985. • Qutb-ud-Din Aibak died during the game of: Ans. Polo. • Cahngez Khan came to India during the reign of Iltumish. • Razia Sultana Married with Altunia. • Ibn-e-Batuta visited Indian in14th Century. • The color of the marble of “Taj Mahal” is: White. • Aurangzeb Alamgir had: Three sons. • Tadar Mal was the revenue minister of: Ans. Akbar • Which of the European nations came first to South Asia? Portuguese. • Lahore Resolution was presented by:

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Fazl-ul-Haq. • Sikandar Mirza declared Martial Law on: October 1958. • Pakistan People’s Party was founded in: 1967. • Akbar’s tomb is situated at:Sikandra. • William Hawkins secured many trade facilities for the English by Emperor Jehangir. • Hameeda Bano was mother of: Akbar. • At the time of his coronation at Kalanour the age of Akbar was: Thirteen and Half. • Waqar-ul-Mulk died in 1917. • Who took the oath of Governor-General of Pakistan from Quaid-e-Azam? Justice Mian Abdul Rashid. • When Pakistan gave an application to the United Nations to become its member which country opposed it? Afghanistan. • Who was the author of ‘My India Years’: Lord Hardinge • Sanghata Movement was started by: Dr Moonje • The book ‘verdict on India’ was written by : Beverlay Nickolas • Famous Wardha scheme was about : Education • Raja Dahir’s wife name is Rani Bai • Raja Dahir wife committed suicide • Razia Sultana was the daughter of Iltumish. • Ibn-e-Batuta was A Moorish • Fateh Pur Sikri was declared the capital of his kingdom by Akbar. • The Chain of Justice was hanged fro the convenience of people for quick justice by Jehangir. • British India Company was granted permission of trade with India by Jehangir. • The First British Governor General of India was Warren Hastings. • Sir Syed Ahmad Khan retired from the British service as Judge. • During Hijrat Movement the Muslims of India migrated to Afghanistan. • All-India National Congress participated in the 2nd Round Table Conference. • Sharif Report highlighted the atrocities of Congress Ministries. • The President of the 1st Constituent Assembly at the time of its dissolution was Maulvi Tamiz-ud-Din • Pakistan-China boundary Dispute was settled during the government of General Ayub Khan. • During the Tashkent Agreement the Foreign Minister of Pakistan was Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto

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PAKISTAN’S FOREIGN POLICY
Q. What is the length of common border between India and Pakistan? Ans. 2200 Km. Q. How many wars were fought between India and Pakistan? Ans. Three viz 1948, 1965 and 1971. Q. When Treaty of Tashkent was signed? Ans. 1965. Q. When Simla Pact was signed? Ans. 1972. Q. When SAARC was established? Ans. 1980. Q. When India exploded its first nuclear device? Ans. 1974. Q. What is the length of common border of China and Pakistan? Ans. 600 Km. Q. What is the name of Chinese province to which join the borders of Pakistan? Ans. Sankiang. Q. When Peoples Republic of China was established? Ans. 1949. Q. When were the common borders of China and Pakistan duly demarcated? Ans. 1965. Q. How much area was gained by Pakistan as a result of his demarcation? Ans. 750 square meters. Q. Did Pakistan supporter China to make her permanent of UNO? And. Yes.

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Q. How long is Pakistan’s border with Afghanistan? Ans. 1800 Km. Q. Khyber connects Pakistan with: Ans. Afghanistan. Q. When Russia invaded over Afghanistan? Ans. December 1979. Q. When Russia signed withdrawal agreement? Ans. 1988. Q. When did Russia withdraw its forces from Afghanistan? Ans. 1989. Q. What is the length of common border of Pakistan and Iran? Ans. 900 Km. Q. When R.C.D. was signed? Ans. 1964. Q. When did R.C.D. converted into E.C.O? Ans. 1985. Q. When did Pakistan become the member of U.N.O? Ans. 30 September 1947. Q. When did U.N.O start functioning? Ans. 24 October 1945. Q. What are the important organs of U.N.O? Ans. i. General Assembly. ii. Security Council. iii. Economic and Social Council. iv. Trusteeship Council. v. World Court of Justice. vi. Secretariat. Q. What are the total members of Security Council? Ans. 15 members. Q. When and where did OIC come into being? Ans. 1965, in Morocco. Q. When and where was the Second Islamic Conference held?

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Ans. 1974, in Lahore. Q. Where atomic explosions were carried out in Pakistan? Ans. Chaghai (Balochistan). Q. When did Pakistan join the Non-aligned Movement? Ans. 1979. Q. What is the Pakistani major export? Ans. cotton. Q. When Munir Report was prepared? Ans. 1953. Q. When Pakistan launched Ghouri Missile? Ans. 6 April 1998. Q. When Pakistan exploded its nuclear device? Ans. 28 May 1998. Q. How many devices were exploded on 30th May 1998? Ans. One device. Q. When did Pakistan rejoin Commonwealth? Ans. 1989. Q. When did the State Bank of Pakistan established? Ans. 1st July 1948. Q. When did Quaid-e-Azam die? Ans. 11 September 1948. Q. When did Indian occupy Jundgadh? Ans. 8 November 1948. Q. When did Objective Resolution pass? Ans. 12 March 1949. Q. When National Bank of Pakistan was formed? Ans. 8 November 1949. Q. When did Liaquat Ali khan visit USA? Ans. May 1950. Q. When Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated? Ans. 16 October 1951.

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Q. When Martial Law was imposed in Lahore? Ans. 6th March 1953. Q. When Muhammad Ali Bogra became Third Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 17 April 1953. Q. When Defense Pact between USA and Pakistan was signed? Ans. May 1954. Q. When constituent assembly was dissolved by Governor General Ghulam Muhammad? Ans. 24th October 1954. Q. When Chaudry Muhammad Ali took over as the 4th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 11 August 1955. Q. When West Pakistan turned into One Unit? Ans. 14th October 1955. Q. When first constitution of Pakistan was introduced? Ans. 23rd March 1956. Q. When Sikandar Mirza dissolved East Pakistan Cabinet? Ans. 26th May 1956. Q. When H.S. Suhrwardy took over as 5th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 12th September 1956. Q. When I.I. Chandrigar was appointed 6th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 17th October 1957. Q. When Malik Firuz Khan Noon took over as the 7th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 16th December 1957. Q. When Noon-Nehru agreement was signed? Ans. 11th September 1958. Q. When Martial Law was imposed in the country? Ans. 7th October 1958. Q. When EBDO was promulgated? Ans. 25 March 1959. Q. When System of Basic Democracies was introduced? Ans. 26th October 1959.

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Q. When Capital was shifted to Islamabad? Ans. 26th November 1959. Q. When Field Martial Ayyub Khan was elected President by 80,000 Basic Democrates? Ans. 14th February 1960. Q. When Constitution of 1962 was enforced? Ans. 1st March 1962. Q. When Basic Democracy Election was held in East Pakistan? Ans. 10th November 1964. Q. When Ayyub Khan defeated Miss Fatima Jinnah in Presidential Election by 49,951 to 28,691 votes? Ans. 2nd January 1965. Q. When Six Points of Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman were announced? Ans. 5th February 1965. Q. When Rann of Kuch War between Indian and Pakistan was fought? Ans. April 1965. Q. When Indo-Pakistan was started? Ans. 6th September 1965. Q. When Tashkent Declaration was signed? Ans. 10 January 1966. Q. When did Field Martial Ayyub Khan relinquish office of President and General A.M.Yahya Khan imposed Martial Law in Pakistan? Ans. 25 March 1969. Q. When One Unit was cancelled? Ans. 1st April 1970. Q. When National Assembly Election held? Ans. 7th December 1970. Q. When Provincial Assemblies Election held? Ans. 17th December 1970. Q. When Indian Army attacked East Pakistan? Ans. 22nd November 1971. Q. When State of Emergency was declared?

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Ans. 23rd November 1971. Q. When Indian attacked West Pakistan? Ans. 3rd December 1971. Q. When cease-fire in East Pakistan was announced? Ans. 16th December 1971. Q. When Z.A.Bhutto took over as the 4th President of Pakistan? Ans. 20 December 1971. Q. When Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission on East Pakistan was appointed? Ans. 24th December 1971. Q. When Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman was freed? Ans. 3rd January 1972. Q. When Simla Agreement was signed? Ans. 3rd July 1972. Q. When Constitution of 1973 was enforced. Ch. Fazal Elahi was sworn in as the 5th President and Mr.Z.A. Bhutto as the 10th Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 14th August 1973. Q. When National Assembly declared the Ahmadis as a minority in Pakistan? Ans. 7th September 1974. Q. When Awami Party was banned after the assassination of Hayat Sher Pao and on 20th October 1975 Supreme Court upheld this decision? Ans. 10th February 1975. Q. When National Assembly Elections held. PPP won sweeping victory but other parties refused to accept the results? Ans. 7th March 1977. Q. When PNA started country wide movement against Bhutto Government? Ans. 14th March 1977. Q. When talks between PNA and Bhutto Government held. An agreement was reached but could not be implemented? Ans. 3rd to 15th June 1977. Q. When General Zia-ul-Haq imposed Martial Law in Pakistan. Mr. Z.A.

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Bhutto and other leaders were taken in custody? Ans. 5th July 1977. Q. When Supreme Court announced that Martial Law was legal? Ans. 10th November 1977. Q. When Hadood Ordinance was promulgated? Ans. 10th February 1979. Q. When Wafaqi Shariat Court was established? Ans. 26th May 1980. Q. When Zakat and Ushr Ordinance was issued? Ans. 20th June 1980. Q. When Zia-ul-Haq addressed U.N.O.? Ans. 1st October 1980. Q. When Islamic University was established? Ans. 10th November 1980. Q. When Ramazan Ordinance was promulgated? Ans. July 1981. Q. When Majlis-e-Shoora was formed? Ans. 4th December 1981. Q. When Qazi Courts were established? Ans. February 1983. Q. When 6th Five-Year Plan was made? Ans. May 1983. Q. When Wafaqi Mohtasib was appointed? Ans. August 1984. Q. When Interest Free Banking was introduced? Ans. July 1984. Q. When Nizam-e-Salat was introduced? Ans. August 1984. Q. When Presidential Referendums held? Ans. 19th December 1984. Q. When Election Schedule for 1985 elections announced? Ans. 12th January 1985.

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Q. When National Assembly Elections held? Ans. February 1985. Q. When Provincial Assembly Elections held? Ans. 8th February 1985. Q. When Zia-ul-Haq nominated Muhammad Khan Junejo as Prime Minister of Pakistan? Ans. 10th March 1985. Q. When Muhammad Khan Junejo sworn-in as Prime Minster of Pakistan? Ans. March 1985. Q. When Martial Law was lifted and Fundamental rights restored? Ans. December 1985. Q. When President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National and Provincial Assemblies? Ans. 6th August 1990. Q. When National Assembly elections held in 1990? Ans. 24th October 1990. Q. When Provincial Assembly elections held in 1990? Ans. 27th October 1990. Q. When Mian Nawaz Sharif was elected leader of the Parliamentary group? Ans. 1st November 1990. Q. When Member of National Assembly sworn-in? Ans. 3rd and 4th November 1990. Q. When Mian Nawaz Sharif elected as the 13th Prime Minister of Paksitan? Ans. 6th November 1990. Q. When President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National Assembly and Nawaz Sharif’s Government was dismissed. Mir Balakh Sher Mazari was sworn-in as caretaker Prime Minister in 1993? Ans. 19th April 1993. Q. When President appointed Nazim Hasan Shah as permanent Chief Justice of Pakistan? Ans. 27th April 1993. Q. When Nawaz Government and National Assembly was restored. Supreme Court declared Presidential Order ultra vires Judgment passed? Ans. 26th May 1993.

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Miscellaneous
1. He was the Governor – General of Indo-Pakistan before Mountbatten: Lord Wavel 2. Mountbatten came to India in March 1947 3. Mountbatten was an officer in British Navy 4. Plan for the Separation of Indo Pakistan was announced on 23rd June 1947 5. Election to the First Constituent Assembly of Pakistan took place in: 1946 6. The first Cabinet of Pakistan consisted of 7 members. 7. Finance Portfolio in the first Cabinet was held by Malik Ghulam Muhammad. 8. The Chief Minister of the following province refused to salute the Pakistani flag in 1947: KPK 9. CM of KPK Doctor Khan Sahib was dismissed by Quaid e Azam who was his successor? 10. Chief Minister of the following Province was dismissed by Quaid e Azam Bengal 11. Approximate population of Pakistan at the inception in 1947 was 7 crores 12. First census of Pakistan was held in 1951 13. Population of west Pakistan in 1951was 34 million 14. The only country to oppose Pakistan's entrance into the UNO in1947 was Afghanistan

Notes:

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15. Total area of Jammu and Kashmir in 1947 was 84,471 sq. miles 16. India stopped the passage of water from the rivers Ravi and Sutluj in April 1948 17. Madhupur Head works is located on the river Ravi 18. Ferozpur Head works is located on river Sutluj 19. Muslim majority Tehsil Zira was handed over to India in Redcliff award it was a tehsil of Ferozepur District. 21. He was the first head of state to visit Pakistan in 1947 Amir of Kuwait 22. Quaid e Azam relief fund was set up in September 1947 23. At the time of division the cash balances of undivided India stood at about Rs. 4,000 million 24. India and Pakistan mutually came to an agreement that Pakistan would get Rs. 750 crore as her share. 25. Only Rs. 200 crors had been paid as an interim installment 26. Referendum in 1947 in KPK province was held in July. 27. On 15th August 1947 the state of Junaghadh announced that it had acceded to Pakistan. 28. He was the first Governor of Punjab Francis Moody. 29. Governor Moody imposed the Governor Rule in Punjab in January 1949. 30. Pakistan Fund was setup by Quaid in June 1947. 31. State Bank of Pakistan was inaugurated by Quaid in July 1948.

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32. The initial assets of SBP were equal to three Crore 33. Karachi was declared Federal area by the legislative Assembly in May 1948. 34. He was the only Muslim to oppose the Objectives Resolution in the Assembly. Mian Iftikhar –ud- din 35. "The Myth of Independence" was written by Z.A. Bhutto 36. Muslim yesterday and today was written by A.B.Rajput 37. Pakistan's flag was designed by two brothers and name of one of them is Altaf Hussain. 38. White strip in the flag was added in August 1947. When was moon and star added in the flag February 1949. 39. Ayub Khoro ministry in Sindh was dissolved by Quaid in April1948. 40. The Quaid delivered his last message to the nation on: 27th August, 1948. 41. He was called the iron man of KPK Khan Qayyum Khan 42. Peer Sahib Manki Shareef founded the following party in September 1949 Awami Muslim League 43. In the East Bengal elections were held in 1954 44. He is the only man to be prosecuted under PRODA Khoro 45. It was the first opposition party of the country Jinnah Awami League 46. Awami League was found by Abdul Hameded Bhashani in 1950 47. Rawalpindi Conspiracy was unearthed in

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March 1951 48. The accused of the conspiracy were prosecuted in the following jail Hyderabad Jail 49. Liaqat Nehru Pact announced at Delhi in April 1950. 50. Liaquat ali Khan visited America in May 1950 51. "Wheat Crisis" in Pakistan took place in 1952 52. Martial Law in Lahore was imposed in MARCH 1953 53. MALIK GHULAM Muhammad dissolved the Govt. of Nazi mud Din in April 1953 54. Shortage of Salt took place in 1952 in East Bengal 55. Pakistan became member of Baghdad pact in September 1955. 56. The Manila Pact is the other name of SEATO 57. The Manila Pact was signed in September 1954 58. Muhammad Ali Bigra formula was put forward in October 1954 59. According to Bogra formula the Lower house consisted of 300 seats 60. Out of the total 309 sears muslim League secured only 9 seats in 1954. 61. PRODA was replaced in September 1954 62. Ghlam Muhammad dissolve dthe Constituent assembly on: 24th October, 1954. 63. Ghulam Muhammad resigned in

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August 1954 64. One unit bill was brought intp effect on 14 October, 1955 65. He became the first Governor of West Pakistan Gormani 66. The First Five Year Plan was announced by Chaudhary Muhammad Ali on 18th May 1956 67. Principal of joint Electorate was accepted by the Assembly on 10th October 1956 at Dacca 68. Suez Canal Crisis took place in the reign of: Soharwardy 69. Pakistan bought Gwadar from King ofmaskat at the cost of 40 lakh pounds on 8th September 1958 70. Deputy spleaker of East Pakistan was killed during a rumpus in the Assembly in 1958. 71. After the promulgation of MARTIAL Law in 1958when did the new cabinet take oath? 24th October 1958 72. Z.A.Bhutto had the following portfolio in the Ayub Khan's cabinet Trade. 73. According to the agriculture Reforms announced in January 1959, maximum limit of non irrigated lands was fixed at: 1000 acres. 74. How many land farm holders were affected by the Ayub Reforms 902 75. Which ordinance contributed a great deal towards generating public resentment against Ayub regime: Muslim family Law Ordinance. 75. In the Basic Democratic System introduced by Ayub the number of basic Democrats was 80,000 76. Ayub lifted the Martial Law in June 1962

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77. Presidential Elections between Ayub Khan and miss Fatima Jinnah held in January 1965 78. Pakistan launched an operation in Kashmir in 1965 which was called operation Gibralter 79. India mounted upon a three pronged attack against Pakistan along Lahore on 6ht September 1965 80. China issued an ultimatum to India on 17th September 1965 81. Sheikh Mujeeb ur Rehman presented his 6 points for the first time in February 1966 at the house of Former premier Ch. Muhaamad Ali in a meeting of All Parties Conference. 82. What was the name of opposition alliance against Ayub in 1965 elections? Combined Opposition Parties 83. In 1967 five parties formed an alliance against Ayub Khan which was called PDM 84. The Ayub regim celebrated tis 10 years of rule in October 1968 85. As a result of boundary settlement between Pakistan And China Pakistan got 750 sq. miles of land out of a total of: 3400 sq. miles 86. U- 2 incident took place in 1960 87. The old name of Round garden was changed into Nasir garden in 1966 after the visit of Egyptian President Nasir. 88. Sardar Abdul Rab Nishtar died in 1958 89. EBDO was promulgated in 1959 90. Ayub Khan took oath as President of Pakistan in February 1960 91. I.I. Chandaraker died in

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92. Muhammad Ali Bogra died in 1963 93. Soharwardy died in 1963 in Bairut 94. Islamabad was completed in 1966 95. Bhutto was arrested in November 1968. 96. States of Dir, Chitral and Swat were incorporated in KPK in August 1969. DEVELOPMENTS FROM 1969 TO 1977: 97. Yahya khan became C-in-C in March 1966. Who was C-in-C before him. Musa Khan 98. Ayub Khan handed over the reins of Government to Yahya Khan on 25th March 1969. 99. In April 1969 yahya regime announced Labour Reforms 100. One Unit Scheme was done away with on 1st January 1971 101. Total number of National Assembly seats in the L.F.O. was 313 102. East Bengal has 169 seats in the L.F.O. 103. Punjab had 85 seats in L.F.O. 104. Elections could not be held on fixed date and had to be postponed till 7th December due to Floods in East Pakistan 105. In the 1971 elections out of total 162 common seats in East Bengal Mujeeb ur Rehman won 160 seats 106. In the elections of 1971 PPP got 62 seats out of total 82 common seats in Punjab

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107. Agartala conspiracy was about Kidnap and murder of Ayub Khan 109. Kashmir Mujahideen hijacked an Indian plane "Ganga" in 1971 110. Army action was started in Easr Pakistan from March 1971 Mother of Z.A.Bhutto was Hindu 111. Z.A. Bhutto studied in the following university Southern California University 112. Bhutto was appointed Foreign Minister in 1963 113.EAST Pakistan BECAME AN INDEPENDENT ENTITIY in December 1971 114. A commission was appointed by Bhutto to probe into the 1971 crisis. It was called Hamood ur Rehman commission 115. In March Mr. Bhutto dismissed 1300 service men 116. The banks were nationalized in May 1972 117. In his agricultural reforms Bhutto put ceiling to land holding at 150 acres of irrigated land. 118. Bhutto announced second package of agricultural reforms in 1977 119. In April 1974 Bangladesh agreed to release 195 held up POWs 120. Mr. Bhutto announced to dissociate Pakistan from the Commonwealth of Nations in 1972 121. Martial Law was imposed in Balochistan in May 1973 122. The Qadyanis were declared non Muslims in Semptember1974 123. He is the only person who resigned from national Assembly on this decision

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Ahmaad Raza Qasuri 124. Elections to the National Assembly were held under Z.A. Bhutto in March 1977 125. Martial Law was imposed in the country on 5th July 1977 in the morning 126. Pakistan announced to delink from SEATO in November 1972 Chaudhary Khaleeq uz Zaman died in 1973 127. Ayub Khan Passed away in 1974 128. Friday was declared a weekly holiday in January 1977 129. How many constitutions have been tried in in Pakistan so far? 3 130. 1973 constitution was promulgated in 14th August 131. How many amendments have been made in1973 constitution up to 1999 16 132. The 16th amendment is about the expansion of Quota 133. Quota has been extended to the year 2013 134. The Quran and Sunnah are declared the Supreme law of Pakistan under this Amendment 9th. 135. The Qaduanis were declared non Muslims in this amendment 2nd 136. The first Constituent Assembly of Pakistan consisted of 79 members objectives resolution was passed in 12th March 1949 137. The Ulmas offered 22 points for the future constitution of Pakistan.

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138. The 2nd Basic principle Committee Report was published on 22nd December 1952. 139. The following constitutional draft was called as the Bengali Punjab Crisis Report 2nd BPC Report 140. Muhammad Ali Bogra formula was put forward in the Assembly on: 7th October, 1953 141. Bogra Formula offered a bicameral legislature wherein every unit had 10 seats in the Upper House 142. The number of East Bengal Seats in the Lower House in the Bogra Formula was: 165 143. The First constituent assembly of Pakistan was dissolved by Ghulam Muhammad on; 24th October 1954 144. The Sindh chief court restored the 1st Constituent Assembly 145. He was the first governor of the West Pakistan Mushtaq Ahmed Grmani 146. It was necessary for both the President and the Prime Minister to be Muslims in this Constitution. 1973 147. The Objectives Resolution was made the part of the Constitution instead of being merely a document of guiding Principles in 8th Amendment 148. Bicameral legislature was provided for in the 1973 constitution. 149. The minimum age of a Senator is 30 years. 150. The minimum age of Prime Minister under the constitution is 35 years. 151. The age of President is 45 152. The retirement age of justice of High court is 62 years

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153. The retirement age of justice of Supreme Court is 65 years 154. How much practice as a lawyer is must for becoming Justice of a High Court 8 years.

1. The Swadeshi movement means Boycott of goods (British goods) 2. Simla Deputation was led by Sir Agha Khan 3. Who moved the resolution for establishing Muslim League? Nawab of Dacca 4. Who delivered the Presidential address in which the Muslim League was established? Nawab Waqr ul Mulk 5. Separate electorate was awarded to Muslims in 1909 6. Annulment of partition of Bengal was announced in 1911 7. Jinnah was formally enrolled in All India Muslim League in 1913 8. "Comarade" was started by Moulana Muhammad Ali 9. Al Hilal was started by Moulana Muhammad Ali 10. Jinnah was the Principle architect of Lucknow pact 11. The most important change brought about by Minto Morley Reforms was Separate Electorate 12. Turkey in the First World War was chose to fight on the side of Germany

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13. Treaty of Severes was announced in 1920 14. Shuddhi and Sangthan movements were started at the end of Tehrik e Khilafat 15. "Zamindar" was brought about by Zafar Ali Khan 16. Report of Rowlatt Committee was published in 1918 17. Jallianwala Bagh tragedy took place in: 1919 18. Jinnah resigned from congress during Nagpur session in 1920 19. Moplah rising in Malabar took place in 1921 20. The Moplah rose against the British and Hindu Zamindar. 21. Which movement was started by Sir Swami Shradhnand? Shuddhi 22. Sangthan was started by Pandit Malavia 23. Swami Shradhnand was murdered in 1926 24. Chauri Chaura incident took place in 1922 25. Khilafat was abolished by Mustafa Kamal Pasha in 1924 26. Simon Commission was sent to India in 1927 27. On the arrival Simon Commission Muslim League was Split into two groups one was led by Sir Muhammad Shafee and the other was led by Quaid e Azam 28. Which party was divided into pro changers and changers?

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29. Nehru Report was an answer to the challenge given by Lord Birkenhead 30. Nehru Report accepted the following demand a separate province for North-West Frontier and Sindh 31. Jinnah Fourteen points were offered in 1929 32. Which member of Simon Commission resigned and replaced by another member Stephen Walsh 33. Dyarchy was scrapped in 1919 Reforms 34. The first session of Round Table Conference was opened in London 35. Which party was not present in First Round Table Conference Congress

Federal form of Government for India was approved by British in First Round Table Conference Who was the Prime Minster of England during First Round Table Conference?Ramsay Macdonald Second Round Table Conference was held in 1931 Communal award was published in 1932 What was the reaction of Congress and Muslim League over Communal Award? Both Disliked The recommendation of Round Table Conference was published in

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The whole of India Act of 1935 came into operation in provincial part in 1937 Anandhnath is a novel Nagri is a Script Pirpur Report was about Congress ministries Shareef Pur report was about Bihar Who wrote" Muslim Suffering under Congress Rule"? Fazl ul Haq Wardha scheme was about Education The author of Wardha Scheme was Zakir Hussain Band e Matarm was an anthem Day of Deliverance was celebrated on 22nd December 1939 "Now or Never" pamphlet was written in 1933 by Ch. Rehmat Ali "Pakistan National Movement" was founded by Ch. Rehmat Ali "Outline of a Scheme of Indian federation" was written by Sikandar Hayat Khan

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Lahore resolution was introduced by Fazl ul Haq "Thoughts on Pakistan" was written by Ambedkar. The British August offer was made in 1940 What was the response of Muslim League over British offer? Neither accepted nor rejected Which Congress leader thought after Lahore Resolution that the partition was unavoidable? Raja Gopal Acharia Sapru proposals were offered in 1945 Liaquat – Desai Pact was concluded in 1945 Wavell plan was made in 1945 Parity was the issue in Wavel Plan Simla Conference was held in 1945 In1945 elections, out of total 102 seats of Central Assembly, Congress won 57 And Muslim league won 28 seats In the provincial elections of 1946 Congress won 930 seats and Muslim League won 428 seats In Provincial elections of 1946 total seats of Muslim League were

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In the Cabinet mission who many Cabinet Ministers were present 3 The name of the Cripps Mission was made after Sir Stafford Cripps who was The President of the Board of Trade The Cabinet Mission members were parleyed with how many Muslim members 4 Under Satyagarh Tehreek people chose by Gandhi were to Offer arrest Cripps Mission Published its report on 30th March 1942 The main emphasis in Cripps Mission was on Creation of new Dominion Non accession clause was mentioned in Cripps mission "Quit India" movement was started in 1942 In the Cabinet Mission provinces were divided into how many sections? Three Quaid e Azam, for the continuation of Cabinet mission, demanded how many portfolios? Five In Cabinet Mission plan total portfolios were Sixteen Congress was awarded how many portfolios? Six How many portfolios were given to Muslim League? Five

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Indo-Pak Objective Series by Muhammad Faisal ul Islam--03336587420
Notes:

How many portfolios were reserved for minorities? Three Lord Wavell was replace by Lord Mountbatten The only Indian on the Viceroy lord Mountbatten staff was V.P. Menon V.P. Menon prepared the final draft of the transfer of Power Lady Mountbatten is said to be the close friend of Nehru What was the name of the daughter of Nehru? Indra Who wanted to become the joint Governor General of India and Pakistan? Mountbatten Who decided, at the time of partition, the fate of Baluchistan? Shahi Jirga By which method fate of KPK was decided? Referendum Jinnah was by origin a Khoja "Dawn", the Muslim League newspaper was started in 1942 Besides Jinnah who was the ex-officio member of Muslim League Working Committee Liaquat Ali Khan Direct Action resolution was passed in July 1946 Jinnah's speeches were translated into Urdu often by Nawab Bahadur YAr Jung Who gave Fatwas in 1945 and forbade to joining Muslim League?

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Indo-Pak Objective Series by Muhammad Faisal ul Islam--03336587420
Notes:

Maulana Hussain Ahmad Which party leader labeled Quaid e Azam as "Kafre azam"? Jamiyat al Ulema-i- Hind Which magazine criticized Jinnah's decision to become the Governor General? Economist Whom Jinnah appointed the Governor of KPK? Sir George Cunningham Whom Jinnah appointed the Governor of PUNJAB? Why Jinnah appointed British Governors in four Provinces? They were more experienced Soon after the establishment of Pakistan which Prime minister had been the Ambassador to Burma also? Muhammad Ali Bogra

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