Renewable Energy Project

ENES 232 Solar Power Tower
Earl Beverly, Justin Hicks, Benjamin Nguyen

Lect 1 Slide 1

Summary of Design SOLAR POWER TOWER What is it? How does it work? Lect 1 Slide 2 .

no fuels required Non-polluting Operating costs are low High efficiency  Cons  Intermittent  Construction/installation costs can be high  They require a considerable amount of space Lect 1 Slide 3 .Pros and Cons  Pros     Renewable.

Power Plant Schematic *Colors represent temperature .

temperature range 140{C}-540{C}.  Calculations were performed using pump efficiencies of 80% and the calculated isentropic turbine efficiency of 89%.  Molten salt flow rate engineered so that salt enters the boiler at 535{C} and leaves at 200{C} for added freeze protection. .Engineering Considerations  The system is designed to work just below the maximum specifications for the equipment.  Hitec Salt is used.

288 W mdotW = 195.Key EES Calculations  y = (h_6-h_5)/(h_2-h_5)  QdotIN = (h_1-h_7){KJ/kg}  Wt/m = (h_1-h_2)+(1-y)*(h_2-h_3)  Pgenerator = 0.98 kW Pgenerator = 52.25 kW Wp/m = 5.385 .7 kg/h = 255 gal/h n = 0.3 j/kg Ppump = 0.8 kg/h = 52 gal/h mdotSalt = 968.95*Pturbine  Wp/m = (h_7-h_6)+(1-y)*(h_5-h_4)  mdotW = (55{kW}*3600{s/h})/(Wt-Wp)  mdotW(h_1-h_7) = mdotS(h1-h2)  n = (Wt/m-Wp/m)/QdotIN y = 0.1903 QdotIN = 2624 kj/kg Wt/m = 1011 kj/kg Pturbine = 54.

Energy Storage  Molten salt stored in a thermal tank  The surplus solar energy captured by the molten salt during the day will be kept in a storage tank  The tank would be about 4000 gallons  For the average winter day about 62% of the energy generated during the day will be put in the thermal tank  For the average summer day about 41% of the energy will be stored  This will allow our power plant to operate at night .

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