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THE BEST Plays of the Old Dramatists.

Christopher Marlowe.

In Half-Crown Monthly Volumes uniform with the present Work.

THE MERMAID
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SERIES.

BEST PLAYS OF THE OLD DRAMATISTS.

Th: follmving will

be

among the

earlier

Volumes of the Series
Eli.is.

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MARLOWE.
MASSINGER.

Edited by

Havelock

With

a General

Introduction by J. A. Symonds.

Edited by

Arthur Symons.
C.

MIDDLETON.

With an Introduction by A.

Swinburne,
J.

BEAUMONT
DEKKER.
SHIRLEY.

and

FLETCHER

(2 vols.).

Edited by

St.

LoE Strachey.
Edited by

Ernest Rhys.
Editedby J. A. Symonds.

WEBSTER & CYRIL TOURNEUR.
Edited by

Edmund

Gosse.

OTWAY.
FORD.

Edited by the Hon.

Roden Noel.
Ellis.
J.

Edited by

Havelock

THOMAS HEYWOOD.

Edited by

A. Symonds.

Digitized by the Internet Archive
in

2007

with funding from

IVIicrosoft

Corporation

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http://www.archive.org/details/cmarloweOOmarliala

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The Best Plays of the Old Dramatists.

CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE
Edited by Havelock Ellis.
WITH A

GENERAL INTRODUCTION ON THE ENGLISH DRAMA DURING THE REIGNS OF ELIZABETH AND JAMES I.

By

J.

A. Symonds.

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Mhrmaid

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UNEXPURGATED EDITION.
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CATHERINE
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Francis Beaumont

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" Souls of Poets dead and gone, What Elysium have ye known, Happy field or mossy cavern,
Choicer than the Mermaid Tavern
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LONDON
BRADBURY, AGNEW,

&

CO., i-RINTERS,

WHITEFRIARS.

.. Part the Second of Doctor Faustus . vii _ xxix Tamburlaine the Great — . 423 . Part the First i . PAGE General Introduction Christopher Marlowe ..CONTENTS.. 87 169 The Tragical History The Jew of Malta 229 321 Edward the Second Appendix "..

.

might rather be regarded as immense action. of which we possess several well-preserved specimens. ON THE DRAMA OF ELIZABETH AND JAMES CONSIDERED AS THE MAIN PRODUCT OF THE RENAISSANCE IN ENGLAND.GENERAL INTRODUCTION. that will suffice to touch but briefly on this topic. epics scenically presented to an audience. Nativity of our Lord. the Sacrifice of Isaac. from Creation of the World to the Last Judg- ment. than as plays with a plot and Yet cer- tain episodes in the lengthy cycle. such for example as the Entrance of Noah into the Ark. these Miracles. like other Euronations. composed and Miracle Plays upon the the main Embracing the the events of sacred history and doctrines of the Church. whole drama of humanity. the story of the Woman taken . The pean acted English. O much has been written about of the it the origins Drama in England.

the Devil real and Death. From the Interlude to Farce and Comedy there was but a . . and became the In this subjects of free dramatic handling. marking and painting the incidents of led life. however. way the English people were familiarized at an early period with tragedy and comedy in the rough. three characteristic figures among contemporary vagrants and impostors. Thus the Morality religious to the Interlude. yet their authors found impossible to deal dramatically with Youth and Pleasure. The intervened the Morality and former was a peculiar species of representation. able specimen of this The most remarkkind now extant may be Heywood's Three P's. Grace. specific form Before this happened. and a Palmer. The tone and their it machinery was clumsy Sin. are vividly delineated. without developing dialogue. Between the Miracle Play and the the Drama Interlude. . while preparation was made for the emergence of the secular Drama as a of art. character. mentioned. and Repentance. which completed the disengagement of the drama from aims. a second stage had to be accomplished. and the Repentance of Magdalen. a Pedlar. in which abstract conceptions and the personages of allegory were introduced in action under the forms of men and women. of such pieces remained purely didactic. Adultery. and brought various types of human nature on the stage. It is the elder in which a Pardoner. in detached themselves from the main scheme.viii GENERAL INTRODUCTION.

and had traced the outlines of what was afterwards become the Romantic or this point the attention Shakespearian drama.GENERAL INTRODUCTION. tragedy began to form out of serious pieces detached in detail from the Miracle Plays. ^nd the incongruous blending of rude farce with pathetic for " or passionate incident. At of cultivated people was directed to the Latin and Italian theatre. Paul. ix and in England the earliest plays. the involved roughly versified for declamation by actors yards of inns. The aris- tocracy and learned coteries delighted in tragedies . and so forth. The Conversion of St. King Darius. tried by their precepts and their practice to introduce the classical style of dramatic composition into England. The people were accustomed to to scenic representations. smoothed the way for secular dramas upon subjects have chosen from history and legend. these " It seemed makers a time as though courtly its might divert the English Drama from spontaneously chosen path into the precise and formal channels of pedantic imitation. The new process of dramatic evolution which I briefly sketched. They severely in criticized the rhymed plays tales in the which the populace delighted. Godly Queen Esther. had reached this point before the learning of the Italian Renaissance penetrated English society. properly so-called. poets like Lord Buckhurst and Thomas Norton. short step to take . cription. Essayists like Sir Philip Sidney. itself were of a humorous des- At the same time.

X like GENERAL INTRODUCTION. What men like Sidney. and competed with famous Italian masterpieces. One of these . a possession of the people ." The phrase. . Norton and Hughes. art. effected. use it. certain heightening of the sense of dramatic They forced playwrights to regard princi- ples of composition. as the proper metre for the stage. or The Misfortunes of Arthur which followed the model of Seneca." but " representations of histories without any decorum.observes that in though plays are represented every day don. That had already become and the people remained true to the traditions of their native though un- cultivated type of Sackville. although contempwas accurate for the Romantic Drama observed no rules and cared for no scholastic tuous. Furthermore. was in the main a dignity. to of some extent tragedies at least. and harthe mony of parts. must pause to explain in what sense earlier Three personages one of the comedies preserved to us are introduced discussing the English theatre. or the unrhymed decasyllabic iambic. Meanwhile our drama continued to advance upon the romantic as opposed to the classical type of art and I since the phrase romantic I is one of great in importance. in construction both and comedies. But neither the nobility nor the universities were destined to control the theatre in England. . Gorbodnc. they are " neither right comedies Lon- nor right tragedies. propriety of diction. they indicated blank verse.

by a succes- He did not mind mixing tragedy with comedy or kings with peasants. It xi only aimed at presenting a tale or . Roman history and Italian on domestic crimes' of recent from Latin occurrence. enumerated as chronicle plays on English tragedies borrowed from novels. and life make his the living reality of exceedingly. broad realistic farces. came amiss to the romantic playwright and his manner did not greatly differ in the treatment of pure farce. precedents. and to excite their curiosity sion of entertaining incidents. Nothing that had the shape and interest of a story .GENERAL INTRODUCTION. which playwright steadily in view. comedies imitated literature. and set at naught the so-called unities of His paramount object was to audience feel classical feel tradition. classical mythologies. and modern European or Ballet. The one the point. biographical plays on the lives of English worthies. Thus there sprang in up several species of These may be briefly dramatic composition England. as I already remarked. tragedies based history. and to evoke men and women from the miscellaneous mass of fables which lay . was to sustain the interest of his audience. or chronicle of past events. history in scenes and the most accurate it definition of the plays which stories told produced is that they were in dialogue by actors on the stage. marked by a common artistic handling. pathetic episode. fanciful pieces partaking of the nature of the Masque and have kept pastorals of the Arcadian type.

" A group of cultivated men. As As tracts no history our pens have been dipped . Deliver up the Furies. form of high art to our romantic These were Richard Edwards. further. and Thomas Nash. whether read or sung In our domestic or more foreign tongue . Robert Greene. no number can be scanned Which we have not given feet to. in classical. well in opening each hid manuscript. chiefly members of 1580 to give like the the Universities. more vulgar. and some are cast. (Saving the Muse's rapture). George Whetstone. and modern Some spirited lines Haywood may here be quoted. since they will probably be in made the subjects Their chief of special treatment this series. as ardour ranged To in search of the younger aptly describing the vast tracts over which the dramatists in their first of subjects : — " give content to this most curious age. Dived low as to the centre. nymphs of the sea and land. of which some live. Of fairy elves. . 'tis known That when our chronicles have barren grown Of story. the stage. It is not my business to characterize their works in detail. all have passed Censure. The gods themselves And figured them in planets we have brought down to made even Hell . we have all invention stretched. open to him literature.xii GENERAL INTRODUCTION. The lawns and groves. we Have trafficked by their help We have left unrifled. These have been acted often. Thomas Lodge. nay. (Nor 'scaped things intermediate) for your love . John Lyly. by no spell. medieval. began soon after something drama. George Peele. and then reached Unto \h& primuin f/iodi/e above.

cably decided the destinies of the romantic drama and the whole subsequent evolution of that species. rectification and of the artistic ennoblement years from type fixed by Marlowe's little epoch-making fifty tragedies. In very more than the publication of Tanihiirlaine. This con- having contributed to the formation of style. I can- not attempt to sketch the history of the drama. can be regarded as the expansion. Ford. like a maiiy-petalled flower of marvelit Expanding lous complexity and varied colours. Heywood. sists in their xiii may be It indicated. but without the multifarious excellences of Jonson. Marlowe's dramatic was he who irrevo. the student would have to regard Shakespeare as an inexplicable prodigy. developed to the utmost every form of which the romantic species is capable. Beaumont. our its drama had run course of unparalleled energy and splendour. He stands alone. over which of course the genius of Shakespeare rules supreme. must be enough me to indi- what way the genius of the English nation . and a score whom it would be tedious to enumerate. instead of as the central sun of a luminous sidereal system.GENERAL INTRODUCTION. and left to Europe a mass of work invariably vivid. and has no second . Massinger. importance. however. including Shakespeare's work. though extremely unequal. or to criticize the various schools of style which were formed cate in in the course of its It passage from maturity for to decadence. In the short space of this prefatory essay. Webster. Fletcher.

the emancipation of the reason and we call Renaissance. and new philosophies. the attacks of Spain repulsed. Western nations. the revival of learning for their motive force . . science .xiv GENERAL INTRODUCTION. have to be regarded as distinct because their issues were different. both effected a liberation of the spirit from authority. religious In the other case it assumed a more and political aspect. and they were severally accomplished by Latin and Teutonic races. new learning England. arts. It and assertion of national indewas the emancipation of the concall it and we Reformation. received the influences of both Renaissance and Reformation These two great movements of modern intellect. than they entered on a phase of mutual hostility not indeed . Yet both Renaissance and Reformation had a common starting-point in humanism both needed . theories of the state. superstition and decadent ideals. spirit In the one case expressed itself this liberation of the modern through new conceptions of social culture. itself expressed through this form of art at the epoch when the Reformation had been accomplished. force. alone of European nations. No . and the of the Renaissance assimilated. the and opened a new period of mental culture for the simultaneously. sooner had these two movements been defined. issuing in the revival of pure Christianity. new systems of education. which closed the Middle Ages. revolt against the Papacy as a dominant pendence. It new new was it new sciences.

Europe was involved in a series of religious wars. Lords and state-religion. The Catholic reaction. because xv they were essentially antagonistic. though and this change in the was not confirmed without . who were so started the things Reformation. set in.GENERAL INTRODUCTION.Reformation. reaction. cast off obedience to sumed Italian Rome in doctrine. led by Rome and championed culture of the Renaissance. origin. and ashumanism. agitation. comparatively little The new learning. Some action. The Commons it Reformation had been adopted by the consent of King. which impeded the tranon either line. simultaneously. time before the Catholic Powers assumed their attitude of panic-stricken and belligerent re- testantism Henry VIII. the intellect So much had to be prefaced in order to explain the mental position of England. . by Spain. or because they could not show a common but because they expressed the tendencies of broadly differing races. The English people began to . The Germans. to whom we owe the restoration the Renaissance. reform. careless ecclesiastical and sceptical its as to of Christianity primitive sources. they sacrificed the Then Reformation generated Counter. The were from Italians. and bloodshed. of preoccupied that with deeper mom. and had about in view divergent ideals.ent. cost the nation disturbance. committed the nation to Proand at the same time the new learning penetrate society. quil evolution of.

matized the sonnet introduced . . began at once to translate the poets and historians of antiquity and of Italy into the vernacular. and supplied the laity at once with the original sources of sacred erudition. the best authors of Spain were assi- and Germany supplied her legendary satires to the and grotesque growing culture of our race. had already- permeated Italian and French erudition Classical thought been had been adapted to the needs of modern the chief Greek and Latin authors had modern languages the translated into . . French books were widely read milated stores . needed . Bible. Meanwhile the authorized version of the which had recently been given to the public. conscious of a great deliverance from Rome. Before the date of Marlowe these vast collections all had been made. ful But the people in its youth- vigour under Tudor Sovereigns. trained upon the new method by private tutors or in. English scholars. masterpieces of antiquity were interpreted and made intelligible.xvi GENERAL INTRODUCTION. proved the dignity and flexibility of the mothertongue. accli- It is true that Wyat. and art. and of a bracing struggle with reactionary powers in Europe.the now regenerated public schools. Surrey and Sidney had . we were in possession of the materials for buildLittle at ing up a mighty edifice of literary this period had been accomplished in pure poetry. derived from the revival of antiquity. literature. that blank verse had been and that Spenser was just giving his noble epic to the world.

a portion of the hall being devoted for the nonce to wandering actors. stood to the English nation It in the place of all the other arts. notwithstanding it the efforts of students and polite persons. and this it found romantic drama. became for us given embodiment of that Renaissance which had and a sculpture. which were set up in the marketplaces of towns. or on the turfed enclosures of abbatial buildings. adhered its with the pertinacity of instinct. needed no gesthetical outlet but the drama. a picture way /' in . or privately at the request of companies assembled some noble dwelling interesting . own the original creation. and material conditions of the It stage. . to which. some more comprehensive sphere its for the display of native genius . Moralities and Interludes were civic shown publicly during in entertainments. painting. This drama. had been customary during the Middle Ages to exhibit Miracles upon wooden platforms or moveable waggons. municated to thought by southern Renaissance and northern Reformation. The More history -play lively of of Sir the TJioinas gives Miir. architecture England. some in the xvii wider. were eminently homely. so the method of presenting plays London. the Romantic in Drama was a homethe product of the English people. sharing the impulse com- gorgeous undergrowth of highly-coloured poetry to the Italians.GENERAL INTRODUCTION. and had to expend her forces upon no distracting struggles of Just as religion.

were . and fields the toward Shoreditch. to the establishment though they were violently opposed by the municipal authorities. goers who could afford this luxury. Even the round best London 'theatres between the years 1580 and 1630 were simple wooden buildings. in shape. in pulpit. when secular dramas. contrived to root along the further bank of the Thames. Meanfor which the Moral Interlude was exhibited before a select audience of the Chancellor's family. open to the air the smaller were roofed of public. a sign-post bore the or Verona name upon a tower of lath and plaster. while. just above the heads of the groundlings standing . was called. it became customary to use the yards of inns. and such places for This led ky gradual degrees of regular theatres. The the larger stood in.xviii GENERAL INTRODUCTION. The former had of private the name Per- latter houses. which. accommo- dated with stools upon the stage others might take boxes or rooms. as they were then termed. that the actors were brought close Play- to the spectators beneath and around them. began to emerge from the Moralities. bear-gardens. formances took place three o'clock. intended the delectation of the people at large. and inveighed against from the themselves in the suburbs. in the afternoon. The stage as it itself projected so far into the pit or yard. their performance. usually at : Scenery was almost wholly lacking to be thus if Thebes or Verona had imagined by of Thebes the audience. or hexagonal .

was also usual for the choristers of St. and It all female parts were played by boys.' piece of the Elizabethan In reading any master- and Jacobean periods. and eloquent appeals by descriptive passages to the imagination. hastily produced and readily neglected. It was a golden time. in xix the circular space of the yard. these facts should never be forgotten. 2. b i . may force. Act 2. for entrance Prices varied from threepence shillings for the only to about two in the best most expensive places theatres. No actresses appeared upon the English boards. variety. between the perils of the Armada and ' Hamlet. These considerations explain the extraordinary and imaginative splendour of the prolific works poured forth with such the humble theatres of energy for fifty London during the years which followed the great date of 1587. Its marvellous fecundity in second-rate artistic work. To the simplicity of the theatres. Some of Jonson's colossal Comedies " were . first given to the public by these Children " and I may remind students of Shakespeare's Hamlet that the companies of adult actors regarded them as formidable competitors. sc. and the close contact of the players with peculiarities their audience. of we may ascribe many our Romantic Drama notably its — disregard of its the unities of time and place.GENERAL INTRODUCTION. also be referred to similar circumstances. the absence of scenical resources. Paul's or of the Chapel Royal to perform whole dramas.

contemporaries. but of the greater or less degree same lineage each of whom in was inspired with the like possessed a clairvoyance it genius into . country-folk. comprehend the must learn to sucin English Renaissance. inferior to him stature. and captains from the wars. by no academical propriety. this The men who wrote for mixed audience were hampered by no cumbrous stage-properties. pickpockets. by no interference from agents . by no crushing gorgeousness of scenery. citizens and prentices. We know his predecessors. . just long enough to round and complete a monument of representative brilliant art of our national In order to life at its most period. lords and ladies. sailors and working-men. from Elizabeth upon the throne down to the lowest ragamuffin of In the same wooden theatres met the streets. What made the play-wrights of that epoch so great as to " deserve the phrase which Dryden found for thefn — " Theirs was the giant race before the flood was that they lived and wrote in fullest sympathy with the whole people. by no courtly etiquette. The public to which they appealed was the English nation. the convulsions of the Great RebelHon. we must not be satisfied with studying only Shakespeare. and cessors that multitude of men .XX • GENERAL INTRODUCTION. each of whom human nature and a power of presenting vividly to the imagination which can be claimed by no similar group of fellow-workers in the history of any literature now known to us.

their hands were free . use of language. copying . servility to scholastic from observance . an art-product indigenous and native to our though all the culture of the Classics it and the It Renaissance contributed to make wealthy. of foreign or antiquated models freedom from the dread of . moulding of character. the freedom of a land bounded upon of high-spirited sonified for Its all sides by the ocean. of police or spies of a jealous hierarchy. a Webster Jonson grew and a Fletcher climbed the clouds at times and took their seat among the gods. not to be wondered in these circumof minor talents rose above their like stances that men or mediocrity to . the freedom to a mistress men devoted who per- them the power and majesty of is Britain- freedom freedom from pedantry. we may answer in two words spon: taneity and freedom. political or ecclesiastical oppression freedom from In courtly obsequiousness and class. If we now ask what is the distinctive mark of this Drama. that sturdy giants that Titans . from rules. the freedom of combatants victorious in a struggle only less momentous than that of Hellas against Persia.prejudices. has the freedom of a great race conscious of their adolescent vigour. and they had the whole It is spirit of a vividly their alive and warmly interested race to stimulate genius. as xxi So long they preserved decorum in the elementary decencies of morals and religion. It has the spontaneity of soil.GENERAL INTRODUCTION.

the same keen insight into human pieces motives of . when the majority of will Shakespeare's plays have been excefpted. art as those rarer accomplished which . and emotions. To deny an would be underlying truth in idle. We are bound to acknowledge that the fine qualities of spontaneity and freedom. criticism. have their corresponding faults of carelessness. incomplete- and indifference to form. liberally. the same the same frank touch on nature.xxii GENERAL INTRODUCTION. than in the minor technicalities of versification. same life and freshness. and treatment of dramatic themes." Yet it remains true that even the rank jungle of mediocre work surviving from that epoch is permeated with the juvenile audacity. so few indeed that they represented in the be adequately "Mermaid Series. who appreciate the niceties and proprieties which can to some extent be secured by Academical super- vision. are few in number. of manners. The masterpieces of our Romantic Drama. no less each writer stamps a recognizable mint-mark on his own work. may complain that the English Drama suffered from this spontaneity it and freedom — that if would have attained to fairer proportions the playwrights had aimed more at correctness. and that posterity could have foregone seven-tenths of their performances if the remaining three-tenths art had exhibited maturer and more patient this execution. without regard to precedent or what Critics the lettered world will think of him. here displayed so ness.

nor over-valuing each special product. . What would not the scholar give if he could interpret the superiority of . editions and in spite of maimed at atrocious printers' errors.^schylus. assimilate their audacities. Sophocles. imperfecfions. which makes our Drama unique. of which have been speaking. and do not shun their We fifty must. which us in the records of any other national Drama of equal magnitude.GENERAL INTRODUCTION. in spite of Warburton's too-celebrated cook. neglect. but recognizing the fact that here we possess a quite excep- tional set of specimens for the scientific investigation of a vigorous artistic epoch. en masse. deserve to be classed with the tragedy. again. and must it study each type of too attentively— not demanding many masterpieces from the total aggregate. in spite of the fire of In spite of time and London. poets turn their eyes instinctively to the old dramatists. accept the whole crop of the years from 1587 onwards. I The spontaneity and freedom. as may be seen at large in the history of the present century. we have fail still our disposal documents for building up the English Drama as a whole. form so conspicuous a note of Elizabethan literature that when the genius of our race and language takes a new direction under conditions favourable to liberty. in spite lastly of Puritanical animosity. therefore. evolved upon the same lines and vivified by one national spirit. It is xxiii monuments of Attic this stupendous mass of plays.

those grim examples of the touch poignant his realistic manner. in the he can interpret the superiority Jonson. to Marlowe. with facile easy-going sensibilities and on . expressive of one patriotic impulse. Peele. who represent the prime and art. A YorksJdre Tragedy. through Lyly. by the light of a long series of supple- mentary tragedies and comedies. because from the dominant spirit What a crowd of ! worthy coadjutors gather round them The unand named authors of Arden of Feversham. who broke a path for himself. type of the Romantic here the first Marlowe fixes the specific Drama in for England. Greene. lesser spirit and humorous Titan. Honest Dekker. Dramatic style is created and defined. same way as of Shakespeare and Euripides. from which the greater no in less than the minor dramatists of the age their productive energy ? question derived Regarding then this total mass of plays as the subject-matter of a single critical enquiry. And chapter our history of the period may be said to close. and Aristophanes. employing the highest human genius to give the most perfect form to Marlowe's type. A second chapter opens with a new set of playwrights. and Lodge. first we find a stage of preparation leading up from the Moralities. Next him towers the saturnine and ranged only he separated his of the age. accomplishment of English theatrical Shake- speare reigns supreme here. than the greatest. Nash. Ben Jonson.xxiv GENERAL INTRODUCTION.

that and tense sententious builder of . human feeling. xxv Ponderous Chapman. all Massinger. Day invents own delicate domain of genial allegorical fancy. blank verse. brings these to a focus in his work of lucid but less pungent craftsmanship. Heywood. gifted with inexhaustible resources tragical the rhetoric of and comical rises to situations. As we advance. Middleton plays with searching over the broad dramatic lambent field. and unerring truth to life in its most thrilling moments. Webster Shakespeare's shoulder by his sincerity. delves with style of steel on plates of bronze his monumental scenes of equable student of spiritual anguish. literary manners. Randolph. of Marmion in proclaim special themselves followers Jonson his a kind of comedy. with richer vein. Shirley. biting satirist Marston.GENERAL INTRODUCTION. the gentlest of all poets who have swept the chords of passion. smouldering into flame by flashes. the crowd thickens and a third stage their predecessors. light of talent Cartwright. behind them. Tourneur. approaches him in sombre force while Ford. infected by some rankling plague-spot of the soul. Brome. the master of homely English life. more of follows inspiration and a the same track as Massinger. . nobility. abounding in ex- quisite lyrical outpourings of unpremeditated song. inventors of heroical romance. Sturdy . in the evolution of the Drama all discloses for us writers who have learned from Here we meet with Beaumont in and Fletcher.

when we remember mutations were accomplished in some that every chord in human nature had Lastly. Renaissance was permeated with the free pure honest stalwart spirit Only in . we shall pause vigour astonished by the prodigality of mental epoch. can be counted almost by the score. one of decadence — in which the Crownes and Davenants and Wilsons warn us by genuine its their incoherent and exaggerated workof art manshipj illuminated with occasional sparkles of talent. the truth of have attempted to is namely. if the English of the Victorian age be induced to study the best pieces of Shakespeare's fellow-workers. to a fourth stage And thus we are led onward — this time. that the Drama in the chief artistic utterance of the Renaissance England. the reading I Only way can what public understand establish. the Rowleys. that the resources of our language had been tried. that less every growth has declining no than its ascending and flourishing periods. that these fifty years. in that fruitful The object of the series to which this inadequate essay forms an introduction.xxvi GENERAL INTRODUCTION. and to comprehend how full and in how superb noble this life a picture they present of the large and of our Elizabethan ancestors. and that the English heroic metre of blank verse had been adapted to the expression of a myriad varying thoughts and feeHngs. will have been accomplished. and that in England the of the Reformation. like journeymen. all been touched.

voluptas. and ? gorgeously What other national Drama can John pretend to any com- petition with this Addington Symonds. timor. draped.GENERAL INTRODUCTION.' drunk with exhibited in tears cally Dance of and laughter. suffering. scenicoloured. life mask and anti- mask. moving. acting. such a carnival display. may here be reviewed. not excepting even that of Athens. De Quincey who says : " No literature. of impassioned — breathing. discursus all this. whose words It is shall form an apt conclusion to this essay. has ever presented such a multiform theatre. this xxvii way too will they be able to appreciate the panegyric written of our drama by one of England's greatest rhetoricians. . laughing Quicquid agunt homines Gaudia. but far more truly and more adequately in than was or could be effected composition which the plated that field of gloomy satirist contem- —whatsoever the ' in fact our medieval ancestors Death. : votum. ira.

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Like another Tamburlaine. was born Christopher." ." the sweet music of the belfs heard from afar. Could ne'er attain beyond the name of Kit. the " spacious majesty " of the newly completed nave. Henry VHI. At the head of the movement was set by Providence. Marlowe. ARLY in the sixteenth century- Erasmus. fifty years later.^ Meanwhile the spirit of Erasmus. the figure of Henry VHI. accompanied by Colet. had heralded a revolutionary influx of new life.CH\lSTOTHE\ £MA^LOWE. sometime called Kit. the gold and the 1 Thomas Heywood wrote in 1635 : — " Mario. had carried off the rich treasures of Canterbury. renowned for his rare art and wit. Here. and still more the ruder spirit of Colet. Long after- wards he remembered the cathedral and its vast towers that rise into the sky " so as to strike awe even at a distant approach. in a mood of Rabelaisian gaiety. visited Canterbury.

"^ We only cannot hills tell the boy's dreams fields. the quintessence of youthful and youthful dreams. and Lyly were all. and nothing of Shakespeare's gentle laughter. with the antique which Colet had laughed. things touched the youth Perhaps these his own life was too vivid to be concerned sanctities at much . But peculiarly intense every page he wrote reveals a he mixed largely . probably.XXX jewels. and . . Nor had Avith men he rarely describes the actual external world of men and women he had little of Ben Jonson's precise observation. but was also the chief halting-place of princes and ambassadors who journeyed from little . Elizabethan men had a trick of speaking of the near past as remote and antique. "was christened Christofer. continent to the court of Elizabeth. six-and-twenty carts. Thomas but much as we see them now. of . George the Martyr. Chapman. in CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. Nash and Chettle about the same time as Marlowe Heywood about 1570 Ren Jonson in 1573. pilgrims no longer passed along the familiar roads nothing remained of the shrine of the bare stones. born some ten years earlier . Green. . His father. full-blooded inner desires life. 1564. among the Kentish still and or beneath the jewelled in windows of the great church bore about it the city that not its the lustre of former the sanctity. Peele. it has ^ Shakespeare was christened exactly two months later. The stream St. worn away by the adoration of so many ages. All that was long ago in those days events came fast. according to the register of the parish church of St. thesonne of John Marlowe. On the 26th day of February.

like Ben Jonson. especially in Tamlnirlaine. now been xxxi ascertained. it seems. He in 1589. It There was asserted. The this youthful Marlowe. Maries." and and Sidney to the " his the very track of the bold spirits 1585] followed Leicester wars of the Low Countries. could not fail to fall under the influence of audacious Francis Kett. conjectured. a fellow of Marlowe's" college. ^ By Colonel Cunningham. however. In 1583 he obtained his Bachelor's degree. and shoemakers have sometimes possessed and left to their children a strangely powerful endowment of was educated at the King's School. His interest in military affairs and in the geography of the world were both manifes'a'ions of the spirit of adventure then in the air. were the years after 1583 spent. ." It may also be pointed out.CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. besides being " Clarke of St. Six years later. who that at points at out that Marlowe's "familiarity with military terms and his fondness for using them are most remarkable. that Marlowe displays. on the unsupported evidence of a late and often inaccurate It has been authority. 1581. not having been elected." was a shoemaker (Ciiristopher appears to have been the second child and eldest son). that he became an actor. In March.'' is How no reliable evidence. at was burnt Norwich for heresies in regard to certain articles of the Christian faith. idealism. a remarkably extensive (though not always accurate) knowledge of Llizabethan geograpliy. he matriculated as Pensioner of Benet College (now Corpus Christi). Francis Kett. that he trailed a pike The Elizain the Low Countries. with his thirst for emancipation. Cambridge to either of the scholarships recently founded at Benet College for King's School boys.^ as of Chapman. home who [in Canterbury he was in . Canterbury. such as the Trinity and Christ's divinity.

organised verse.' There is no hesitation in this first work. whose name is so intimately associated with Marlowe's works. The young "god of undaunted verse." set free . About the year 1588." " great and thunderGorboduc had been written in blank verse twenty-five years before. in For a brief account of the part of Tamburlaine. have been touched by the impulse of adventure which at that time drew Englishmen into all parts of the world. possibly. Tamburlaine wdA acted. with its large swelling till music. " the broad " From And is jigging veins of rhyming mother wits. sprang from actual contact with the life around them. it had remained cold and artificial and ill-received. such conceits as clownage keeps in pay. It was not the is later. and young Marlowe's bold spirit may. power and variety of The strong melody of little simple and of varied . the chief variation being a kind blank verse couplet. ^ AUeyn took this . however. see Appendix. bethan dramatists had the full Renaissance delight in facts and in the grasp of technical detail they appear to have been nearly as careful about their . famous actor. however. that Marlowe realised full which blank verse his early verse is capable.xxxii CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. of Tambiirlame. generally introduced near the end of a speech. documents " as contemporary French novelists and genial realism of men like Ben Jonson and Middleton and Dekker. and there had been at once a perfect master of his ing speech. It is an immense leap from the tame pedestrian linesof Gorboduc to the expression ." other essays in the use of this new medium of on the whole.

the chief creation it. literary art Shakespeare absorbed its and gave it out again with Juliet.CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. show the swift and extraordinary popularity of the new play. and his pulses still in our He chiefly obtained his material for Tamburlaine from Pedro Mexia's Spanish life of Timur. French and English. Marlowe's of English "mighty line" . The English Foreste. . with the novelty of the play's scenical effects and many Mar." later more is developed form. — — of for the Scythian conqueror . including Shake" speare. Marlowe appears to have supplemented this source by the help of the Vita Magni Tamerlanis is of to Petrus Perondinus. not less. translation. familiar cadences in Romeo and lovely and later It . known as Fortescue's appeared in 1571. has become the life-blood of at the heart of thrill our literature verse. overcome. which a tumultuous crescendo and severely iambic line : xxxiii is followed by a grave "And In sooner shall the sun fall Than Tamburlaine be its slain or from his sphere. with many broad and is modifications." as Nash called it There abundant evidence . the work of the first great poet who uses our modern English speech for Spenser was archaic even in his own day. Marlowe's place English poetry. which was published at Seville in 1543. and translated into Italian. The public were intoxicated with the high astounding terms " the swelling bom" bast of a bragging blank verse. years a host of writers. perhaps. laughed at those royal and pampered jades c .

and the sanhe asks him- guinary Scythian utters the deepest secrets of the artist's self. Which into words no virtue can digest.xxxiv CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. The new of Asia that could not draw but twenty miles a however grateful to the For us. as in a mirror. And all combined in beauty's worthiness. with which he has clothed the dry bones of his story. but he freely them to his turns own ends . Marlowe nearly always clings to his story. its heels. but he makes it alive with his own soaring passion. He had no power of creative imaginaShakespeare borrows his stories. What beauty . Yet should there hover in their restless heads One thought." Tamburlaine career. perfection. mostly series of scenes held together dramas are by the poetic energy of his own dominating . He " is his own is hero. The highest reaches of a If these had human wit made one poem's period. is a divinely strong and eager- hearted poet. one wonder. however.-* " " If all the pens that ever poets held every sweetness that inspired their hearts. old. and these words are the key to his He sees for ever an unattainable loveliness . the wonder of Tamburlaiiie. one grace. If all the heavenly quintessence they still From their immortal flowers of poesy. at the least. personality. With the exception of Edivard which stands alone. and muses on admired themes . lies in the vivid and day. could not help treading on passionate blood. heart. tion . we perceive Had And fed the feeling of their masters' thoughts. in the intensely imaginative form. Their minds. Marlowe's 11. Wherein. and of Marlowe's work generally.

and never Until we reach the ripest fruit of all. . climbing after knowledge infinite. faint and destitute ? " Our souls. Techelles not passing brave to be a king. of bassoes clothed in crimson silk. to attain the "sweet fruition" of his crown. some prior state " Besmeared with blood that makes a dainty show. song of radiant joy in the unattainlike another Christopher. " ' cities." He is intoxicated with the physical splendours of imagination. with the vast and mysterious charm of old-world Bagdad and Babylon and Samarcand. always moving as the restless spheres." of naked negroes. And measure Still And every wandering planet's course. xxxv his beckoning him across the world. in of existence he had loved an Antigone. rest. " Like Shelley. Is ' it And triumph through Persepolis?'" With able. ride in ? Usumcasane and Theridamas. of milk-white steeds laden with the heads of slain men. sailed to discover countries yet unknown. whose faculties can comprehend The wondrous architecture of the world. But like Keats also he has an intense feeling for the imaginative show and colour of things. and is the rest Scythian bathos. Will us to wear ourselves.CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. of Turkey carpets beneath the chariot wheels. and how can ardent blood rest " attemptless. of And Is it ride in triumph through Persepolis ! not brave to be a king. this young Kit Marlowe. and he cannot stay. and of a hundred kings or more with " so many crowns of burnished gold.

Trithemius." licensed to be printed in Feb. The writer of the ballad passes by the most impressive scenes in the play. in Wurtemberg. was probably founded on the play. although and interesting notes to his valuable striking edition of the play) while recognising the discrepancies. The ballad tells us that Faustus was educated by his uncle. and we cannot assume that he Professor Ward (in the full was acquainted with it. who practised necromancy. Bullen. Faustus born far Melanchthon restore them knew a Johannes at Knlitlingen. but they occur in the original prose History of Dr. Conrad Muth the Humanist called came across a magician at Erfurt Georgius Faustus boasted that if Hemitheus of Heidelthe works of Plato and berg. Mr. in his generally admirable edition of Marlowe. in 1506. puts them aside with the curiously inadequate argument that ballads were often founded on plays. Prodigioso. after Not long Tamburlaine. who studied magic" at * The exact date is very doubtful. and was the friend of Paracelsus and Cornelius Agrippa.xxxvi CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. Faustus. and gives details of his death. not from his own home. The services rendered to science by Paracelsus and Agrippa are scarcely yet generally recognised. who left his wealth These and other points are to him. and to have in floated down the Middle Ages in many forms one form it was used by Calderon in El Magico . In the early part of the sixteenth identified with a century it became Doctor Faustus. not mentioned in the play. thinks that the " Ballad of the life and death of Doctor Faustus the great Cungerer. 1589 (and supposed to be identical with the Roxburghe ballad with this title). appeared the Tragical History of Doctor Faustns} The legend of a man who sells his soul to the Devil seems to have appeared about the sixth century. on which the ballad was certainly founded. . 2 It must be recollected that frequently included in the sixteenth century "magic" chemistry and other sciences. found a Faustus junior all who Aristotle were burnt he could from memory.

and talked first » The literary version of of Faust was the Volksbuch which published by Spiess in 1587. Marlowe's play was probably the tion of the Faust legend . Faust-book Marlowe generally adhered that is to in the incidents of the drama. and remained a favourite Vienna throughout the seventeenth and at eighteenth centuries. as well as the Jew of Malta.' The three chief versions its of the old legend —- the Volksbuch with medieval story in a Protestant garb. which Marlowe may first or may not have written. Faustus was remodelled into a sort of Don Juan by the Jesuits. dramatisa- became immediately England but abroad. during the Carnival. The Volks- buch records Faust's histor'" from his birth to his final . Marlowe's Renaissance rendering and Goethe's modern Faust — are all representative. he followed his authority. thought of translating it when it was mentioned he burst out with an exclamation of . fohn Fanstits. not only in Faustus." the story " xxxvii roamed about. soon after appeared in England as The History of tJie Damnable Life and Deserved Death of Dr. are copied with special fidelity. To this translation of the say.CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. it is said. was acted in German by an English company in 1608. and their sequence. Goethe's opinion of Marlowe's Faustus we know. who disliked his scepticism and in this form he came it — — into Goethe's hands. and afterwards of secret things. some comic passages. at Frankfort-on-the- Main. popular. The weari. He had : praise ' How greatly it is all planned. Cracow. at Graetz.

thinks otherwise : " Emperors and kings Are but obeyed in their several provinces . realising what magic promises. but the general atmosphere is moral and Protestant. think the pleasure they enjoy in Heaven in earth." who an earthly crown. . in his study. power without bound. Faustus. is by the vanity of knowledge . but a living " ride in man thirsting for the infinite . dominion that exceeds in this Stretcheth as far as doth the mind of man A sound magician is a demigod. a Tamburlaine. at the thought of vaster delights has ceased to care for the finite splendours of " A god I is not so glorious as a king. and omnipotence. dismemberment by the fashion of a medieval legend all his clownish tricks are narrated with great enjoyment. like Goethe's. it power. Marlowe's Faustus is not impelled like the Faustus of the legend by the desire of " worldly pleasure. in the calmly epical . Nor can they But his raise the wind or rend the clouds . " a world of profit and delight of honour. the sinner becomes a hero. is all that in the world. that he desires." Cannot compare with kingly joys once exclaimed Tamburlaine's follower. .xxxviii CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. . the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the pride of life. Mar- lowe changed the point of view Faust is no longer an unintelligible magician looked at from the outside. Theridamas." nor." Of power. no longer eager to triumph through Persepolis. Devil.

with which.." In nothing has he shown himself so much a child of the Renaissance as in this repugnance Perondinus to touch images of physical ugliness. In being deprived of everlasting bliss?" reticence as this was entirely out of the line of dramatic tradition. insists on Tamburlaine's lameness. contrived to bring in a plentiful supply of horrors. sops of flaming 1 Professor Ward. points out the II. " . sceptical and complex Faust magic was a possible lacks. not only in the account of the death of Faustus. tasted the eternal joys of Heaven.CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. A been very remarkable characteristic of Marlowe's Faiistus. art forks. broiling live quarters. in loath- Edward some. nor I Think'st thou thai am I out of it who saw the face of God." Marlowe avoids exciting "the sense of the . and even the able revisers of the edition oi Fausttis published in 1616. lowe's conception of Hell is loftier than Dante's : or Milton's. For Marlowe. an emotional sensibility which Goethe's more shifting. . also. " In reply to the question of Faustus it How " comes Why And then that thou art out of Hell : " . however. xxxix This gives him a passionate energy. but as a description of Hell— souls toasted on burning fire. reality. and of his work generally.^ material horror. of which Marlowe says no word the Volksbuch is crammed with details concerning the medieval Hell Mar- sufficiently emphasised. Am not Such tormented with ten thousand Hells.-" Mephistophilis replies this is Hell. which has not is the absence of His raptures were all air and fire.

lips as red as any cherry .xl CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. as the opening scene in the study. a smiling and wanton and slender of personage in countenance. sum. there was no imperfect place in her. not the awful and intense scene with which the poem closes. but that they persuaded them- selves she was a spirit. and of such length that reached with down to her hams. corresponds outlines exactly to that chapter of the prose History in which the Doctor. The bare scene that contains this wonderful passage. costly imbroidered fair as her hair hanging down loose. which near-hand inflamed the hearts of all the students. having most amorous cole-black eyes. It is in the selection of the serious incidents from the placid prose narrative that Marlowe's genius for the tragic poetry of intense revealed. : pass away such fancies which made them lightly and thus fair Helena and . . after dinner one day under- takes to brings Helen of Troy before the students." according to the narrative. but the address to Helen. swan . . as it the beaten gold. her cheeks of a rose- colour. a sweet and pleasant round face. she looked round about her with a rolirig hawke's eye. aflame in its with impassioned loveliness. " This lady appeared before them. I have already mentioned how closely Marlowe adhered to the incidents of the prose History and their sequence such slight additions as he makes are always for the better. rich gown of purple velvet. her neck white like a . in which Goethe follows him. " in a most . emotion is especially Perhaps the passage of Marlowe which most profoundly influenced Shakespeare and other poets is. her tall mouth small.

himself free of the legend. Swinburne has somewhere after remarked. Only Milton. who. first to . together with his mother. humanity and humour. In Goethe's great and complex work the story Goethe was compelled to treat is refined away magic and Hell with irony. as Mr. easily rises to a much higher pitch of art. with his intense . after the That was all. took up the same subject. Marlowe set his spirit." Afterwards Helena becomes his " common concubine and bed-fellow. extravagant caricature. as with Goethe. Barabas. and Marlowe seems to have over into and when Shakespeare. a few years later. xli Faustus went out again one with another. although he treated it in the same spirit. The vigorous design and rich free verse of the Jew of Malta show a technical advance on Faustus. Marlowe was the death of Faustus vanished away. the Merchant of Venice by force of his sweetness. It was to this material that . The Jeiv of Malta shows the transition between Marlowe the youthful tragic poet. who flings soon old. has surpassed the opening soliloquy of But lust of the second act the play his for the large conception of the immense his wealth only rivalled topples Jew with by his love harsh daughter. revealing the conflicting stress of remains a chief artistic new and embodiment of an intellectual attitude dominant at the Renaissance." and has a child called Justus Faustus. spiritualise as well as to dramatise the story at the same time its substance has not become a symbol merely.CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. declines . Marlowe's Faustus. worked hastily here.

The ' Henry III. . It was not till ten years later that Shakespeare came near to this severe reticence. in which Marlowe had a considerable share. all But when It allowance has been scarcely made it remains. It has been suggested that the existing version of this play is one of those short-hand piracies which seem to have been common. The Massacre at Paris deals. the melodramatic murder of Richard cannot be mentioned in presence of the chastened tragedy and highlywrought pathos of Edward's last days the whole and . In Edward II. It has long been a custom among critics This to compare Edward II. died on the 2nd August. with contemporary French history. with Richard II. and fascinating personality. distincly inferior to and diffuse poetry. two short and fragmentary plays.xlii CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. Marlowe's. Besides the three parts of Henry VI. with whose assassination the play ends. could not have been an early work it has come to us in a mutilated and corrupt condition. 1589. as Mr. with its facile its is exuberant eloquence. his charachis passionate poetry is subdued teristic note with severe self-restraint in a supreme tragic creation. and Marlowe the mature dramatist. There is little here of that amour de I'iinpossible. remain to notice. these deep and solemn tragic tones. very freely. by general consent. and ^ . is scarcely fair to Shakespeare careless . Symonds observes. the very worst of Marlowe's dramas. both in organic structure and in dramatic characterisation. not included in this volume. contains one powerful passage. Marlowe reached the summit of his art. which is. of Shakespeare's play. ..

what is it that Dido may desire And not obtain. would I were . was It is probably an early work of Marlowe's. sparkles fire./. quench these flames An.CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. Whenas he butts his beams on Flora's bed. Dido. Dido. be it in human power ? Dido. W'hat. ^neas ! ! yEn. hath larbus angered her in aught ? And will she be avenged on his life ? Dido. like Paean. then of all so cruel may he be That should detain thy eyes in his defects ? Dido. And yet desire to have before It is not aught iEneas may achieve ? Dido. and it must have been elaborated and considerably enlarged by Nash in a manner that is sometimes a caricature. O i^ilneas. yEneas no . as Mars and Venus met. published a year after the former's death. how found you out this cave ? ^. Why. Dido must be compared to Hero and Leatider rather than to any of Marlowe's dramas. yEn. ! Whose amorous face. ALn. sweet queen. Tell me. Prometheus hath put on Cupid's shape. Not sick. Why that was in a net. Who. What ails my queen ? is she fain sick of late ? Dido. I must perish in his burning arms ^neas. By chance. O. although his eyes do pierce. And : ! — . but sick I must conceal The torment that it boots me not reveal And yet I'll speak. Dido Dido. and yet I'll hold my peace. my love . xliii Tragedy of Dido. The thing that I will die before I die. There is a certain mellifluous sweetness in the best scenes. so far as it is his at all. written by Marlowe and Nash. dear love. — ! Alu. I ask. perhaps not quite unconsciously. of Marlowe's manner. And yet I am not free. where we are loose . such as that in which Dido makes love to ^neas in the cave in which they had sought shelter from the storm. The man that I do eye where'er I am Ain. except in angering thee. Not angered me.

lacked altogether the tender humanity. Only a few days before Bame his death. but there seems resei*vations no reason — while making judicious — to doubt the substantial accuracy of ." Marlowe. Do shame her worst. reproaches Groafs attracted especial atttentioft as a freethinker. and at this time it appears that lowe. I will disclose ^neas. and is replaced by no sane and It life . At the same time the thirst after the infinite and impossible dies out. Greene. is Edward II. who died just before Marof his — response to Tamburlaine's him in the death-bed ravings Worth of Wit for his life and Marlowe was always outspoken. one opinions. he gathers. a fiercely ironical supreme desire " the sweet fruition of an earthly crown. cheerful content with earth's limits.xliv CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. unlike the very careful and even work of the immature Tamburlaine. the sweet and genial humour which saved the sensitive Shakespeare from the bitter pride of genius. one Richard sent in a note " contayninge the opinion of one Christofer Marlye concernynge his damnable opinions and judgment of Relygion and scorne of God's worde.) show signs of swift and over-hasty workmanship. thou art he what did I say ? Something it was that now I have forgot." This informer was hanged at Tyburn next year for some degrading offence. and which marked even lesser men like Dekker and Middleton. — my grief seems likely that the last years of Marlowe's grew careless and irregular his later plays (putting aside Edward II. like Cyril Tourneur.

. living an after-life in our memory " Drayton's wellapostrophe of the . A. of his time. whose living subject stood to the chin in the Pierian flood. Had in : : Which rightly should possess a poet's brain. Mr. " It is certain men Walsingham was his patron . bathed in the Thespian him those brave transhinary things That our first poets had his raptures were All air and fire. Dyce) made some important omissions. whigh made his verses clear For that fine madness still he did retain. . to in Probably his unorthodox views had much " do with the accusation of "yices sent from hell he had friends among the finest-natured an anonymous play written shortly after his death. " wrote an elegy " on Marlowe's untimely death which has not survived an anonymous writer in 1600 speaks lovingly of " kynde Kit Marloe Edward Blunt.^ It is xlv noteworthy that Marlowe's heroes are usually heathens or infidels. As you Like It Nash. Bullen (following the Rev. " Marlowe. inspired lines are familiar : — ." Chapman Up also wrote concerning "his free soul. Marlowe's friend and publisher. springs. and he takes every opportunity of insinuating a sceptical opinion. There is no alloy of blame in the words of these 1 This very interesting document is given in fiiU in the Appendix. writes. his statements. in words that have a genuine ring.CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. there seems a touch of tenderness in Shakespeare's dead shepherd " m. . of " the impression of the man that hath been dear unto us. who had sometimes been a jealous rival.

" drunk with gladness. Even as delicious meat is to the taste. is. above in the bodies of men and women . So was his neck in touching." like Hero who " stayed not for her robes. cannot afford to pass by. and they were among the gravest as well as the best-loved of their time. be included in a supplementary volume of the series. It is the brightest flower of the English Renaissance. It is a free it some and eager song. . one precious fragment which we for it bears Marlowe's in- Without this fragment of Hero and Leander ^ we should not have known the full sweetness and range of his genius. One lingers over the faintest traces of this perso- which must have been so fascinating. apart from the passion of beauty. Jove might have sipped out nectar from his hand. for we have no further trustworthy indications of the manner of man that he was in the eyes of those nality who knew There him." but straight arose to open the — and fresh door to her lover all — full of ideal beauty that finds its expression in the form and colour of things. 1 notice here because they will. men. tensely personal impress. Drayton and Chapman. at last. apart from that moral energy of the Reformation of which Chapman. for the passion of love. afterwards gave faint tincture. and surpassed Marlowe's poems and translations have not received further I hope.xlvi CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. Marlowe failed to grasp. together with something less than usual of his elaborate obscurity. No Elizabethan had so keen a sense of physical loveliness as these lines reveal : " His body was as straight as Circe's wand .

" A Mad O her wanton pamphlets. like in each respect The reason no man knows. And one do we affect Of two gold ingots. the colour and light. resting They had a wide popular all on their supposed licentiousness. Where both deliberate. the other We wish that one should especially win : . lose. the swift and various music of Marlowe's poem. let it suffice. its close and sensual atmosphere. married wife. is For will in us over-rilled by fate. though so much less felicitous than that of Hero and Lcander . Shelley has poem. my Masters. long e'er the course begin. that loved not at first sight " ? The ^ peculiar beauty of these lines seems to have reputation. scarcely surpassed verse of " " the sweet gravity which " the our elder Shelley here reaches : It lies not in our power to love or hate. at a later day.^ . to the free and open air. . When two are stripped." How Shakespeare could not have been younger than Marlowe when he wrote his Venus and Adonis. the love is slight : Who ever loved. two luscious marrow-bone pies for a young . and how white his belly And whose immortal fingers did imprint That heavenly path with many a curious dint That runs along his back. which has ever since been coupled with Marlowe's Vcjius and Adotiis is oppressive with its unexpanded power its workmanship is perhaps more searching and thorough.CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. " I have conveyed away Middleton's Venus and Adonis. but we turn away with delight from its massive monotonous energy. smooth his breast was. " as Hero and Leander. as. The white of Pelops' shoulder : xlvii I could tell ye." says Harebrain in World. What we behold is censured by our eyes. Mademoiselle de Maupin.

not ."^ They buried him in an unknown spot. slain by ffrancis Archer. wrote. as his enthu- young admirer. varying considerably from each other. still dark night In the spring of London. Here Marlowe was slain." Havelock Ellis. There are other more suspected narratives. Nicholas. . 1598). — : ' So the brief account of Francis Meres {Palladis Tamia. and wine there were courtesans and daggers. beneath the grey towers of St. of Deptford. . Petowe. a rival in a quarrel over bought kisses "a bawdy serving-man. It was these " sweet- according rimes siastic " of Marlowe's. The that actors 1593 the plague raged in went into the provinces in the country. many miles from London. which. many authors we know sought refuge In May Marlowe was at the little village There was turbulent blood there.xlviii CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE. It is little dwelt in Shakespeare's memory. the i of June 1593. men were not easily tired of Hero and Taylor the water-poet tells us how his fellow scullers used to sing it as they plied their occupation on the Thames. and they wrote in the parish-book " Christopher Marlow. killed by a serving-man. " moved such delight. prising that sur- Leander. and with a marked bias in favour of moral edifi- cation. That men would shun their sleep in To meditate upon his golden lines.

TAm'BUTiLAIVXiE THE G^EAT.
•i^e^f.

Mar.

HE
in

play of Tatnburlaine, which had been
in,

Alley n, in this

or before, 1588, was published There were subsequent editions in 1592, 1593, 1597, 1605-6. Its popularity was very great. According to Thomas Hey wood, the famous actor play and in The Jew of Malta,

acte^
1

590.

" won

The

attribute of peerless

"
;

and

in

Henslowe's Diary we read of Tamburlaine's crimson-

velvet breeches

and copper-laced coat. address to the reader prefixed by the printer to the edition of 1 592, it appears that the play originally con" I have purposely omitted and left tained comic scenes. out," he tells us, " certain fond and frivolous gestures,

From an

matter, which

in my poor opinion, far unmeet for the thought might seem more tedious unto the wise than any way else to be regarded, though haply they

digressing, and,
I

have been of some vain-conceited fondlings greatly gaped at, what time they were shewed upon the stage in -their nevertheless now to be mixtured in graced deformities print with such matter of worth, it would prove a great disgrace to so honourable and stately a history. The sources whence the play of Tainburlaine was derived have been already pointed out.'
:

See ante,

p. xxxiii.

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.
Part the
First.

THE PROLOGUE.
From jigging veins of rhyming mother wits, And such conceits as clownage keeps in pay,
We'll lead you to the stately tent of war,

Where you

shall hear the Scythian

Tamburlaine

Threatening the world with high astounding terms,

And
And

scourging kingdoms with his conquering sword.
his picture in this tragic glass,

View but

then applaud his fortune as you please.

-£::^^ir3

.

-f

DRAMATIS PERSONS. -------——---——
Mycetes, King of Persia, COSROE, his Brother. Ortygius, Ceneus,
I

^

Meander, Menaphon,
!

Persian Lords and Captain's.

Theridamas, Tamburlaine, a Scythian Shepherd.
Techelles, USUMCASANE, S ^^^ followers. BajAzeth, Emperor of the Turks. King of Arabia.

King of Fez. King of Morocco. King of Argier (Algiers). Soldan of Egypt. Governor of Damascus.
Agydas,
\
)

Magnetes,

^. aMedian r a Lords.

Capolin, an Egyptian Captain. Philemus, a Messenger.

Zenocrate, Daughter

of the Soldan of Egypt.

Anippe, her Maid. Zabina, Wife of Bajazeth. Ebea, her Maid. Virgins of Damascus.

No

list

of the characters

is

given in the early editions

;

the

omission

is

frequent in plays of this period.

rAm'BUT^AI^E THE G^EAT.
Part the
First.

ACT THE
SCENE

FIRST.
I.

Enter Mycetes, Cosroe, Meander, Theridamas, Ortygius, Ceneus, Menaphon, with others.

YC.
Yet

Brother
aggrieved.

Cosroe,

I

find

myself

insufficient to express the
it

For

requires a great

same and thundering
;

speech

Good brother, tell the cause unto my lords I know you have a better wit than I. Cos. Unhappy Persia, that in former age
Hast been the
seat of

;

mighty conquerors,

That, in their prowess and their policies.

Have triumphed over Afric and the bounds Of Europe, where the sun scarce dares appear
For freezing meteors and congealed
cold,

6

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.

[act

t.

Now to be ruled and governed by a man At whose birthday Cynthia with Saturn joined, And Jove, the Sun, and Mercury denied
To
shed their influence in his
fickle brain
!

Now Turks

and Tartars shake their swords at thee, Meaning to mangle all thy provinces. Myc. Brother, I see your meaning well enough,
think

And through your planets I perceive you I am not wise enough to be a king But I refer me to my noblemen
;

That know
I

my

wit,

might

command you
I

and can be witnesses. to be slain for this
so

:

Meander, might

not?
small
a
fault,

Meand.
lord.

Not

for

my

sovereign

Myc.

I
;

mean
yea

it

not, but yet I

know
it

I

might

Yet

live

live,

Mycetes

wills

so.

Meander, thou,

my

faithful counsellor,

Declare the cause of

my

conceived

grief,

Which

is,

God

knows, about that Tamburlaine,

That, like a fox in midst of harvest time,

Doth prey upon my flocks of passengers And, as I hear, doth mean to pull my plumes Therefore 'tis good and meet for to be wise.
Meand. Oft have
I

heard your majesty complain

Of Tamburlaine,

that sturdy Scythian thief,

That robs your merchants of Persepolis Trading by land unto the Western Isles,

And

in

your confines with his lawless train
incivil
^

Daily commits

outrages.

Hoping (misled by dreaming prophecies)

To

reign in Asia,

and with barbarous arms
'

Brutal.

SCENE

I.]

PART THE FIRST
himself the monarch of the East
in Asia, or display

7

To make

But ere he march

His vagrant ensign

in the Persian fields,

Your grace hath taken order by Theridamas, Charged with a thousand horse, to apprehend And bring him captive to your highness' throne. Myc. Full true thou speak'st, and like thyself, my
lord,

Whom

I

may term a Damon
'tis

for thy love

:

Therefore

best, if so

it

like

you

all.
^

To send my thousand horse incontinent To apprehend that paltry Scythian. How like you this, my honourable lords ?
Is't

not a kingly resolution
It

?
it

Cos.

cannot choose, because

comes from you.

Myc. Then hear thy charge, valiant Theridamas,

The chiefest The hope of
Whereon our

captain of Mycetes' host,
Persia,

and the very

legs
staff.
:

State doth lean as on a

That holds us up, and foils our neighbour foes Thou shalt be leader of this thousand horse, Whose foaming gall with rage and high disdain

Have sworn

the death of wicked Tamburlaine.
;

Go

frowning forth

but come thou smiling home.

As did

Sir Paris with the

Grecian

dame
swift

;

Return with speed

— time passeth

away
light.

Our

life is frail,

Ther. Before the

and we may die to-day. moon renew her borrowed

and gracious sovereign, But Tamburlaine and that Tartarian rout. Shall either perish by our warlike hands, Or plead for mercy at your highness' feet.

Doubt

not,

my

lord

'

Forthwith.

a

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.
with thy looks thou conquerest
all

[act

I.

Myc. Go, stout Theridamas, thy words are swords,

And
That

thy foes

;

I long to see thee
I

back return from thence,

may

view these milk-white steeds of mine

All loaden with the heads of killed men,

And

from their knees e'en to
that

their hoofs

below

Besmeared with blood

makes a dainty show. Ther. Then now, my lord, I humbly take my leave.
!

Myc. Theridamas, farewell

ten thousand times.
{^Exit

Theridamas.

Ah, Menaphon, why

stay'st

thou thus behind.

When
And
Fits

other

men

press forward tor

renown ?

Go, Menaphon, go into Scythia
foot

by foot follow Theridamas.
let

Cos.

Nay, pray you

him

stay

;

a greater task

Menaphon than
'

warring with a thief

Create him Prorex of all Africa, That he may win the Babylonians' hearts

Which

will revolt

from Persian government.

Unless they have a wiser king than you. Myc. " Unless they have a wiser king than you."

These are
Cos.

his

words

;

Meander,

set

them down.
all

And add

this to

them

— that
it

Asia

Laments
Cos.

to see the folly of their king.
I

Myc. Well, here

swear by this
well to kiss
silk as

my

royal seat,

You may do

then.

Myc. Embossed with

best beseems

my

state,

To

be revenged
is

for these

contemptuous words.

Oh, where

duty and allegiance

now?
?

Fled to the Caspian or the Ocean main

What

shall I call

thee? brother?
!

Monster of nature

— Shame unto thy stock
'

no, a foe;

Viceroy.

SCENE
That

I.]

PART THE
:

FIRST.
for to

9

dar'st

presume thy sovereign
I

mock

!

Meander, come

am

abused, Meander.
all but

\Exeunt

Men.

How

now,

my lord ?

What, mated
not
^

Cosroe and Menaphon. and amazed
'

To

liear the

king thus threaten Hke himself
I pass

Cos.

Ah, Menaphon,
is

for his threats

',

The

plot

laid

by Persian noblemen

And Captains of the Median garrisons To crown me Emperor of Asia
:

But

this

it is

that doth excruciate

The very substance of my vexed soul To see our neighbours that were wont to quake And tremble at the Persian monarch's name,

Now
And Men

sit

that

and laugh our regiment^ to scorn which might resolve ^ me into tears.
line

from the farthest equinoctial
their ships with gold
their spoils

Have swarmed
Lading

in troops into the Eastern India,

and precious
all

stones,

And made

from

our provinces.
to rejoice,

Men. This should entreat your highness
Since Fortune gives you opportunity

To By

gain the

title

of a conqueror

curing of this

maimed empery.

Afric

and Europe bordering on your land,
continent to your dominions.
easily

And

How
And

may

you, with a mighty host,

Pass into GnTecia, as did Cyrus once.
cause them to withdraw their forces home,

Lest you subdue the pride of Christendom.

\Trnmpet within.
Cos. But,

Menaphon, what means

this trumpet's

sound ?

Men. Behold, my lord, Ortygius and the Bringing the crown to make you Emperor
'

rest

1

Confounded.

-

Care

not.

^

Rule.

issolve.

lo

lAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.
Enter Ortygius and Ceneus, with a crojiin.

[act

i.

others, bearing

Orty. Magnificent and mighty Prince Cosroe,

We,

in the

name

of other Persian States

'

And Commons

of the mighty monarchy,

Present thee with the imperial diadem.
Cen. The warlike soldiers and the gentlemen, That heretofore have filled Persepolis With Afric captains taken in the field, Whose ransom made them march in coats of gold. With costly jewels hanging at their ears, And shining stones upon their lofty crests.

Now

living idle in the walled towns.
discipline,

Wanting both pay and martial
Begin

in troops to threaten civil war,

And

openly exclaim against their king
all

Therefore, to stop

sudden mutinies,

We will

invest your highness Emperor,
soldiers will conceive

Whereat the

more joy

Than did the Macedonians at the spoil Of great Darius and his wealthy host.
Cos.

Well, since I see the state of Persia droop

And

languish in

my
it

brother's government,

I willingly receive the imperial

crown.

And vow
Orty.

to

wear

for

my

country's good.
^

In spite of them shall malice

my

estate.

And

in assurance of desired success.

We

here do crown thee monarch of the East,
of Asia and Persia
;

Emperor

Great Lord of Media and Armenia

Duke

and Albania, Mesopotamia and of Parthia,
of Africa
'

i.e..

Persons of
"

state.

2

" Malice

was frequently used

as a verb.

laine often invokes Jove. doubt not shortly but And To with the army of Theridamas. Intending your investion so near The The residence of your despised brother. my lord. I all you from hence. my lord. (Whither we presently rest secure against Orty. lords - To Or. And of the ever-raging Caspian lake. . Sound up the trumpets then. All. We knew. ii East India and the late-discovered Chief Lord of the wide." was sometimes used as a verb by our early writers. my lords) my brother's force. God save the King ^ Meaning "And may Jove. and thank you [ all. vast Euxine sea. suspected enemies." like "malice." &c. And cause the soldiers that thus honour me To triumph over many provinces ! By whose I desire of discipline in arms to reign sole king. mighty Emperor ! And Jove may never let me longer live Than I may seek to gratify your love. Long live Cosroe. ! Trumpets sound. it know well. brought the crown. All. . \_Examt. Cos.] PART THE all FIRST. there are in readiness Ten thousand horse In spite of Cos. Marlowe had very vague Tamburideas respecting the Persian and Mahommedan religions. isles . before we will fly. injury if would not be too exasperate or suppress your worthy title to carry ." Injury.SCENE I. Orly. and seems to be well versed in the Greek mythology. they would.

Zeno. But. Come. And If you intend to keep your treasure safe. Than if you were arrived in Syria. And since we have arrived W^e have his highness' letters to Besides rich presents from the puissant Cham. as thou seem'st. Bearing his privy signet and his hand To safe conduct us thorough Africa. ! pity my distressed plight. shepherd (If. thou art so mean a man. . lords Who travelling with these Median To Memphis. Where all my youth I have been governed. if we stand in need. through my provinces you must expect Letters of conduct from my mightiness. Agydas. and you in better state. Even in the circle of your father's arms. Enter Tamburlaine leading Zenocrate. Lords. let not this appal Tanib. Have passed the army of the mighty Turk. But now you see these and com- mands Are countermanded by a greater man . laden with treasure. The jewels and the treasure we have ta'en Shall be reserved. SCENE II. Techelles. your thoughts .12 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.) And By seek not to enrich thy followers silly lawless rapine from a maid. The mighty Soldan of ^gyptia. UsuMCASANE. from my uncle's country of Media. since I love to live at liberty. in Scythia. and Soldiers. Tamh. lady. Mag. [act T. Magnetes. command letters Aid and assistance. Ah.

Tech.SCENE II.\e. 13 As easily may you get the Soldan's crown As any prizes out of my precinct For they are friends that help to wean my state 'Till men and kingdoms help to strengthen it. tell maintain my is life exempt from servitude. lady. Spurning their crowns from off their captive heads. I your grace betrothed am — my lord — for so you do import. whatsoever you esteem Of this success and loss unvalued. ^ The curtle-axe (Fr. As princely lions. Tamb. as Phoebus doth his course. . Stretching their paws. coutelasse) was not an sword. and threatening herds of So in his armour looketh Tamburlaine. limits of his Measuring the empery By east and west. ? me. madam. I Lie here ye weeds that disdain to wear this curtle-axe ^ This complete armour and Are adjuncts more beseeming Tamburlaine. tilt within the earth. when they rouse themselves. And must But. I am a lord. a. to be a terror to the world.] PART THE FIRST. but a short curved - Invaluable. And he with frowning brows and fiery looks. And. Zeno. : But. which survives in the modern cutlass.^ Both may invest you Empress of the East And May these that seem but silly country swains have the leading of so great an host. for so my deeds shall prove And yet a shepherd by my parentage. this fair face and heavenly hue Must grace And means his bed that conquers Asia. As with their weight shall make the mountains quake. Even as when windy exhalations Fighting for passage. beasts. I Methinks see kings kneeling at his feet. madam.

me? my lords. to live with Tamb. That in conceit bear empires on our spears. Techelles. Thy Than person is more worth Tamburlaine. Mag. Usum. kings. they view us emperors. Affecting thoughts coequal with the clouds. to be my followers ? Think you I weigh this treasure more than you Not all the gold in India's wealthy arms Shall buy the meanest soldier in my train. Till with their eyes Zeno. The Will never prosper your intended That thus oppress poor friendless passengers. Disdains Zenocrate you. perhaps do scorn our estimates. Therefore at least admit us Even as thou hopest to be eternised. They shall be kept our forced followers. . gods. liberty.14 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. And making thee and me. sweet friends and followers These lords. I May serve for : Where her betrothed Expects th' arrival lord Alcidamas. That even to death will follow Tamburlaine. ourselves. Brighter than is the silver Fairer than whitest Rhodope. And wheresoever we repose We Or will report but well ofTamburlaine. drifts. [act i. Agyd. ! And think we prattle with distempered spirits . hope our ladies' treasure and our own. Zenocrate^ lovelier than the love of Jove. the possession of the Persian crown. Nobly resolved. defenders of the innocent. Tamb. By living Asia's mighty Emperor. But since they measure our deserts so mean. ransom to our liberties Return our mules and empty camels back. of her highness' person. That we may travel into Syria. snow on Scythian to hills.

Tech.SCENE II. Sent from the king to overcome us Ta7nb. My martial prizes with five hundred men. Sold.] PART THE shall attend FIRST. And I. that triumphed so. Mounted on steeds swifter than Pegasus Thy garments shall be made of Median silk. Enchased with precious jewels of mine own. How now — what's the matter ? at A thousand Persian horsemen are all. We five hundred foot thousand horsemen lords. Enter a Sold. and Zenocrate ! How! — must your jewels be restored again. women must be But this is whom I am in love. And scale the icy mountains' lofty tops. fair ! And then myself to Zenocrate. Such hope. — is not this your hope? will willingly restore Agyd. be overcome ? How say you. How now. Soft ye. ! my forced from ! — > ! Valuable. What now she with — in love } flattered : Tamb. hand. my lords of Egypt. Which with thy beauty will be soon resolved. Techelles. With milk-white harts upon an ivory sled. Thou shalt be drawn amidst the frozen pools. 15 birth. Won on the fifty-headed Volga's waves. lordings. News ! news ! Tatnb. You must be A and sweet Zenocrate me ere you go. We hope yourself them. have the thousand horse. Soldier. Which gracious stars have promised at my A hundred Tartars on thee. Tamb. such fortune. Shall we all offer to Zenocrate. . More rich and valurous ^ than Zenocrate's.

Fine. Usum. Keep all your standings and not stir a foot. I hear them Come Tamb. all their Drive horses headlong let down the hill. us march ! ! Tamb. yet guard Lay out our golden wedges That their reflections the treasure sure to the view. Trunks.i6 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. . And with a sudden and a hot alarum. either lance his greedy thirsting throat. And And Or 'gainst the general we will lift our swords. shall we encounter them ? Tech. odds too great ? [act t. ? Nq : cowards and faint-hearted runaways : Look for orations when the foe is near Our swords shall play the orator for us. Come ! let us meet them at the mountain top. Their swords enamelled. down to the waist. and his chain shall serve For manacles. And But look we friendly on them when they come if they offer word or violence. Stay. An for us to stand against. —and is their armour good ? Their plumed helms are wrought with beaten gold. malles. Open the mails. till he be ransomed home. But are they rich Sold. The Soldiers enter. Before we part with our possession. Myself will ' bide the danger of the brunt. Tech. Tamb. We'll fight five hundred men-at-arms to one. Come. In every part exceeding brave' and rich. may amaze the Persians . Techelles ask a parley first. Fr. Then shall we fight courageously with them Or look you I should play the orator ? Tech. take him prisoner. . and about their necks Hang massy chains of gold.

With what a majesty he rears his looks ! In thee. Than Tamburlaine be slain or overcome. Tamburlaine ! A Scythian shepherd so embellished ! With nature's pride and richest furniture His looks do menace Heaven and dare the gods His fiery eyes are fixed upon the earth. See how he Mar. 17 Enter Theridamas and Ther. and do but join with me. Whom seek'st thou. Or meant to pierce Avernus' darksome vaults To pull the triple-headed dog from hell. Persian ? — I am Tambur laine. Ther. That by characters graven in thy brows. ? Where is this Scythian Tamburlaine Tamb. rains down heaps of gold in showers. Art thou but captain of a thousand horse. His deep affections make him passionate. And Jove himself will stretch his hand from Heaven To ward the blow and shield me safe from harm. I.SCENE ir. c . And we I will triumph over all the world . hold the Fates bound with fast in iron chains. And by thy martial face and stout aspect. Tamb. see the folly of thy emperor. others. And And my hand turn Fortune's wheel about fall sooner shall the sun from his sphere. Draw forth thy sword. Tamb. man. Intending but to raze my charmed skin. thou mighty man-at-arms. Tech. Deserv'st to have the leading of a host Forsake thy king. Noble and mild this Persian seems to If outward habit judge the inward be. thou valiant man of Persia.] PART THE FIRST. : As if he now devised some stratagem.

To be my Queen and portly Emperess. renowned man. J oin with me now in this my mean estate. Tamb.) name and honour shall be spread As far as Boreas claps his brazen wings. prolocutor to the gods. ^ Lower their flags. Then shalt thou be competitor^ with me. Could use persuasions more pathetical. . Nor are Apollo's oracles more true. Both we will reign as consuls of the earth. Jove sometimes masked in a shepherd's weed. That I shall be the monarch of the East. He sends this Soldan's daughter rich and brave. Both we will walk upon the lofty cliffs. Than thou shalt find my vaunts substantial. Thsi: * Merchantmen. The nations far And when my removed admire me not. If thou wilt stay with me. As he meant to give as a sure my soldiers pay ! and grounded argument. Tech. as lords of all the lake. if [act I.i8 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. spoil And Christian merchants ^ that with Russian stems Plough up huge furrows Shall vail ^ in the Caspian sea. Or fair Bootes sends his cheerful light. And And lead thy thousand horse with my conduct. And mighty kings shall be our senators. We are his friends. Not Hermes. Besides thy share of this Egyptian prize. (I call it mean because being yet obscure. to us. and if the Persian king Should offer present dukedoms to our state. And by those steps that he hath scaled the Heavens May we become immortal like the gods. And sit with Tamburlaine in all his majesty. ^ Associate. Those thousand horse shall sweat with martial Of conquered kingdoms and of cities sacked .

Won with thy words. Ther. . welcome him Tech. statues we adore in Scythia. I yield myself. Which is as much as if I swore by Heaven. in whom crown. my men. Besides the honour in assured conquests.] PART J HE it FIRST. and conquered with thy looks. And both our souls aspire celestial thrones. Usum. To be partaker of thy good or as life As long maintains Theridamas. ! Techelles and Casane. Theridamas. to thee. renowned Persian. I more re- Than doth the King of Persia in his And by Whose Before the love of Pylades and Orestes. What strong enchantments tice my yielding soul! These are resolved. Welcome. And Thus called the gods to witness of shall my vow. for that 19 We We think loss to make exchange are assured of by our friend's success. These are the men that all the world admires. to us all Usum. And kingdoms at the least we all expect. Tamb. noble Scythians But shall I : prove a traitor to my king ? Tavib. my heart be still combined with thine Until our bodies turn to elements. When kings shall crouch unto our conquering swords And hosts of soldiers stand amazed at us When with their fearful tongues they shall confess. Thyself and them shall never part from I me c 2 crown you kings in Asia. take here my hand. my friend. Long may Theridamas remain with us ! Tamb. These are joice my friends. No.SCENE II. and horse ill. Ther. but the trusty friend of Tamburlaine.

[act r. Zeno. heart to be with gladness pierced. and my noble remain with lords.20 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. I am out of doubt. I Tamb. security. happy Tamburlaine. Nor thee nor them. And they will never leave thee till the death. Ther. A thousand thanks. Wretched Zeno\Exeu7it. thrice noble Tamburlaine. And now If fair madam. must be pleased perforce. madam. Shall want my To do you honour and Tamb. We yield unto thee. you will willingly me You shall have honours as your merits be Or else you shall be forced with slavery. worthy Theridamas. For you then. gentle Theridaraas. Make much of them. crate . Agyd.

Menaphon. that hast seen him. 'twixt his manly pitch. Of his desire and what personage? and straightly fashioned.^ A pearl. tall. Ortygius. hence for height . Thus damas. — ' in general.ACT THE SECOND. with Soldiers. upward and divine So large of limbs. But tell me. stature lift What Like stature wields he. Whose fiery circles bear encompassed A heaven of heavenly bodies in their spheres. is placed. Originally the height to which a falcon soared Here it means the shoulders. Menaphon. SCENE I. . Enter CosROE. his joints so strongly knit. far are we towards Theri- And valiant Tamburlaine. more worth than all the world. Wherein by curious sovereignty of art Are fixed his piercing instruments of sight. The man fortune that in the forehead of his Bears figures of renown and miracle. the man of fame. Such breadth of shoulders as might mainly bear Old Adas' burthen-. Men. • OS. and Ceneus.

Proud is his fortune if we pierce it not. And when the princely Persian diadem Shall overweigh his weary witless head." Marlowe ^^S the **cinA\A'\7 *^lcf»\ji7Viprf> Gate. . On which the breath of Heaven delights it Making dance with wanton majesty. fingers. long. A thousand sworn and overmatching foes. Cos. With reasons of his valour and his life. and personage of a wondrous man Nature doth strive with Fortune and his stars To make him famous in accomplished worth And well his merits show him to be made His fortune's master and the king of men.' . Well hast thou pourtrayed in thy terms of . Though strait the passage and the port^ be made The face That leads to palace of my brother's life. That could persuade at such a sudden pinch.22 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. as fierce Achilles' was. About them hangs a knot of amber hair. And in their smoothness amity and life . Then. His arms and and sinewy. [act II. Dyce's emendation W'^*''^^ "snowy "or "snowy-white. Thirsting with sovereignty and love of arms . And ' fall like mellowed for fruit with shakes of death. Where honour sits invested royally Pale of complexion. Betokening valour and excess of strength In every part proportioned like the man life Should make the world subdued to Tamburlaine. Wrapped in curls. wrought in him with passion. That guides his steps and actions to the throne. when our powers in points of swords are joined And closed in compass of the killing bullet. His lofty brows in folds do figure death. to play.

1 What will he do supported by a king. Come. I tell you true. Leading a troop of gentlemen and And stuffed with treasure for his highest thoughts Cos. 23 fair Persia. And with unwilling soldiers faintly armed. Enter Mycetes. with other Lords aifd Soldiers.] PART THE FIRST. I will. In joining with the man ordained by Heaven. not grieve a king to be so abused . lords. in disdain of and a little wrong and tyranny. To further every action to the best. He his that with shepherds Durst. Our army will be forty thousand strong. sweet Menaphon.SCENE In II. is That now marching near to Parthia. noble Tamburlaine Shall be my regent and remain as king. And such shall wait on worthy Tamburlaine. Me7i. Tamburlaine. Have met all conjoined to meet the witless king. heart is let us to this gear. my traitorous brother. direct me straight. my lord. [^Exeunt SCENE II. And on Would that false Cosroe. Orty. spoil Defend freedom 'gainst a monarchy. my my Meander. swoln with wrath On this same it thievish villain. To whom. Meander. When And Tamburlaine and brave Theridamas us by the river Araris . Myc. Cen. To seek revenge on me and Tamburlaine. In happy hour we have set tlie crown Upon your kingly head that seeks our honour.

which is worse. Meaiid. ? And rid the world of those detested troops Lest. And That pitched our tents under the Georgian Whose tops are covered with Tartarian thieves. And proud Tamburlaine with point of sword. And make him false his faith unto his king. Then having passed Armenian deserts now. if we let them linger here awhile. 2 be reclaimed with princely 1 Scurvy. ? But I will kill have Cosroe by the head. Theridamas. And have a thousand horsemen ta'en away ? And. lenity. He that can take or slaughter Tamburlaine : Shall rule the province of Albania Who Shall brings that traitor's head. Aurora shall not peep out of her doors. What should we do but bid them battle straight. . (as our spials say. That live Will quickly win such as be like himself. by Heavens I swear. waiting for a prey. rhey gather strength by power of This country swarms with vile outrageous men by rapine and by lawless spoil. [act ii. prepare to fight. Fit soldiers for the wicked Tamburlaine And he that could with gifts and promises Inveigle him that led a thousand horse. . fresh supplies. Meander : I have said. Spies. lie in ambush. is His highness' pleasure that he should live. And And as we know) remains with Tamburlaine. to have his diadem Sought for by such scald ^ knaves as love him not I think it would well then. bave a government in Media. Tell you the rest.34 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. all his train : Beside the spoil of him and But if Cosroe. hills. Therefore cheer up your minds .

my lord. Sprung of the teeth of dragons venomous. fighting more honour than for gold. That sprung of teeth of dragons venomous ? say. . I have a jewel sure. The old way of spelling "champaign. So poets Myc. soldiers Which you be but common Shall fling in every corner of the field And while the base-born Tartars take for it up.] PART THE A FIRST. And having thee. Go on. And you march on their slaughtered carcases. Meand. Shall massacre those greedy-minded slaves And when their scattered army is subdued. Was there such brethren. And make us triumph in their overthrow. Suppose they be in number infinite. Then. and give your charge. And more regarding gain than victory. Meand. hundred horsemen of my company ^ Scouting abroad upon these champion plains Have viewed the army of the Scythians." Fr. All running headlong greedy after spoils. thou art deeply read. Their careless swords shall lance their fellows' throats. Well. champagne. If wealth or riches may prevail with them.SCENE II. 25 A Spy. Which make report it far exceeds the king's. Share equally the gold that bought their 1 lives. Yet being void of martial discipline. And 'tis a pretty toy to be a poet. noble soldiers. sweet Meander. You. to entrap these live confounded in disordered troops. well. Thy That wit will I say \ make us conquerors to-day. Meand. Myc. all We have our camels laden that with gold. my lord. say. Like to the cruel brothers of the earth. Meander. thieves.

shaking in the air. And so mistake you not a whit. And Strike gentlemen in Persia. I take thy doom for satisfaction. And bullets. SCENE III. worthy Tamburlaine. UsuMCASANE. if you favour me. And doubt you not but. Tamburlaine. up the drum and march courageously ! ! Fortune herself doth sit upon our crests. The world will strive with hosts of men-at-arms.26 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Enter CosROE. as from assured oracle. : more than Cyclopian wars . why sound ye not. Cos. my lord For fates and oracles of Heaven have sworn To royalise the deeds of Tamburlaine. a7id Ortygius. shall come For even Tamb. when Meander speaks ? \Exeunt^ drums sojwding. Was but a handful to that we will have. man. : Myc. Theridamas. like Jove's dreadful thunderbolts. have all I reposed In thy approved fortunes my hope. of our attempts? What think'st thou. which by fame said To have drank the mighty Parthian Araris. fiery Enrolled in flames and Shall threat the gods smouldering mists. my masters so he docs. And let my fortunes and my valour sway To some direction in your martial deeds. Techelles. Now. Our quivering lances. And make them blest that share in his attempts. I To swarm The unto the ensign support is host of Xerxes. with others. Drums. live like [act ii. He tells you true.

Your speech will stay or so extol his worth As I shall be commended and excused For turning my poor charge to his direction.\. Enter a Messenger. we have discovered the enemy Ready 1 to charge allusion is you with a mighty army. what working words he hath But when you see his actions top his speech. at our admired arms. Heaven and dim their That stand and muse T/ier. Tamb. to be king alone. 27 And We'll with our sun-bright armour as chase eyes from we march. my lord. Would make one thirst strive to be retained In such a great degree of amity. my lord. . You see. and rid your royal shoulders Of such a burthen as outweighs the sands all now hard And the craggy rocks of Caspia. Which I esteem as portion of my crown.\\z^. And makes a passage for all prosperous arms. at hand Meet with the fool. Then shall your meeds and valours be advanced To rooms of honour and nobility. and all my men ^ May The triumph in our long-expected king. your brother. Tech. With duty and with amity we yield Our utmost service to the fair Cosroe. The who had a temple at Rhamnus in h. My lord.—Biillen. to Nemesis.] PART THE the stars FIRST. Usumcasane and Techelles both. When she that rules in Rhamnus' golden gates. Cos. is fate. Shall make me solely Emperor of Asia. Mes. Cosroe. That I with these. And these his two renowned and friends. my friends.SCENE III. Then haste.

For kings are clouts that every man shoots at. Usumcasane and Techelles. ! [act ii. TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Go. the keenest curtle-axe That e'er made passage thorough Persian arms. Thy words assure me of kind success go before and charge army of that foolish king. . And set it safe on my victorious head. ah they knew not.28 Cos. like How those were hit by pelting cannon shot. Enter Mycetes crown in his hand. Tafub. . come We are enow to scare the enemy. Our crown the pin that thousands seek to cleave ' 1 The "clout" was the white mark in the butts at which the archers aimed. simple men. Cos. valiant soldier. See where it is. invented war Myc. These are the wings shall make it fly as swift As doth the lightning or the breath of Heaven. In what a lamentable case were I If Nature had not given me wisdom's lore. And more than needs to make an emperor. The fainting ! [^Exeunt to the battle. And kill as sure as it swiftly flies. Accursed be he that first They knew not. arm into the clouds. Stand staggering a quivering aspen leaf Fearing the force of Boreas' boisterous blasts. SCENE xuith his IV. and the "pin" was the peg in the centre which fastened it. That it may reach the King of Persia's crown. Tamburlaine now whet thy wingbd sword. And Uft thy lofty Tajnb. Come.

villain I ! darest give me . stratagem. straggling from the camp. Well mean I let you keep it. go touch me not. You Myc. I would entreat you speak but three wise words. Ay. give I . Here will I hide it in this simple hole. Tamb. Then 'tis No take . Such another word and I will have thee executed. Myc. it me it ! No ." Tamb. . Tamb. Thou break'st And cry me " the law of arms. I mean you shall have a while : it again. Enter Tamburlaine. marry am I have you any suit to : me ? Tamb. noble king. They cannot take away my crown from me. What. lie gave mine. Tamb. you. I Myc. Come. is So shall I not be known . took I prisoner. 29 Therefore in policy I think good a fool if To hide it close a goodly And far from any man that . will you ? Myc.] PART THE it FIRST. unless thou kneel mercy. I . Are you the witty King of Persia ? Myc. didst thou ever see a fairer ? Tamb. Thou Tamb. : no match for {Exit Tamburlaine. Ay. Is this your crown not Myc. Base Myc. fearful coward. ? When kings themselves are present in the field liest. Tamb. 'Till I may shalt art see thee Then Thou thou see hemmed with armed men me pull it from thy head mighty Tamburlaine. So can when I see ? my time. it Myc. You will sell it.SCENE IV. the lie ? am the king. Tatnb. or I be. it for I lend it thee. Here . Away.

And none shall keep the crown but Tamburlaine. Most happy Emperor. And And general lieutenant of my armies. SCENE V. let them know the Persian king is changed. is Since he yielded to the stroke of war. vow my Cos. Thee do I make my regent of Persia. good Meander to thy then. O gods ! Is this Tamburlaine the thief? it I marvel much he [ stole not away. Enter Cosroe. reign. : Thanks. Usumcasane. Hold thee. As if as many kings as could encompass thee With greatest pomp. Cosroe. Trumpets sou?id and he runs out. And give you equal place in our affairs. So do I. To one that can command what 'longs thereto. ! Tatnb. . Theridamas. Ortygius. From one that knew not what a king should do. Meander. I in humblest terms. service to your majesty. thrice renowned man-at-arms. chiefest counsellor in all his acts. On your submission we with thanks excuse. with others. you. virtue of With utmost my faith and duty. Cos. Even by the mighty hand of Tamburlaine. to the battle. Meand. Techelles. Menaphon. Tamburlaine. Meander. Cosroe wear two imperial crowns Think thee invested now as royally.30 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. had crowned thee emperor. that were our brother's guide. Myc. [act ii. And govern Persia in her former send embassage pomp ! Now And neighbour kings.

0. 'tis sweet and full of pomp. my trusty friends. Orty. to all those Then we march Indian mines. And ransom them with fame and usury. " ! Techelles. And as we And sought your state honour it deserved. Usumcasane and Theridamas. my lord. follow will me to fair Persepolis. ever aimed at your behoof. " Is it And ride in triumph through Persepolis ? not brave to be a king. and captains of my brother's camp slaughter take Meander's course. my brother's camp I leave to thee and to Theridamas. Your majesty shall shortly have your ride in triumph through Persepolis. Is it " And ride in triumph through Persepolis ? " Tech. 31 And now we The With lords little With twenty thousand expert soldiers. lord regent I long to sit and his happy friends upon my brother's throne.SCENE v. And till thou overtake me.) ! Farewell. And To now. My witless brother to the Christians lost. . Techelles not passing brave to be a king. lives it So will we with our powers and our Endeavour to preserve and prosper Cos. all grace your calling with a greater sway. I will not thank thee. Tamb. Lord Tamburlaine. Now And will I gratify your former good. Theridamas. And gladly yield them to ray gracious rule. And [Exeunt all but Tamburlaine. wish. (Staying to order all the scattered troops.] PART THE FIRST will to fair Persepolis. sweet Ortygius Better replies shall prove my purposes. and Usumcasane. Ortygius and Menaphon. Meand. Tamburlaine.

I. And my masters. Then thou And. with my heart. Why Theridamas. T/ier. I know they would with our Tamb. What say Tech. To wear a crown enchased with pearl and gold. if I for Parthia they for Scythia and Media prosper. I think the pleasure they enjoy in Heaven. Usum. ? And bid him batde for his novel crown Usujfi. my lord ? so would you. Usum. Casane. should desire the Persian crown. all shall be as sure As if the Turk. faint : and I destitute ? Methinks we should not if I am strongly moved. Nay. it I could attain with a wondrous ease. attractive shines in princes' eyes say. persuasions. so would ? I. Techelles. all And would If not our soldiers soon consent. command and be obeyed . I praise it. wilt I thou be a king? live Nay. if I my other friends all Will you be kings ? could. When looks breed love. my lord. . shall we wish for aught The world affords in greatest novelty. Cannot compare with kingly joys in earth. Ther.32 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Tamb. To be a king is half to be a god. Whose virtues carry with it life and death To ask and have. ! Such power Tamb. Came creeping to us with their crowns apace. to myself. would you not Tamb. Afric and Greece. that's well said. Why then. before his room be hot. Theridamas. though can ? without it. What then. we should aim at such a dignity ? T/ier. Then shall we send to this triumphing king. Tech. Tamb. I'll first assay To get the Persian kingdom . with looks to gain the prize. And That rest attemptless. Why. Why then. the Pope. A god is not so glorious as a king. [act ii. quickly then.

We will not steal upon him cowardly. \Exit Techelles. Enter CosROE. Cos. ! A jest on twenty thousand men far. That only made him king to make us sport. in faith. SCENE VI. And bid him turn him back to war with us.SCENE VI. - Plunder or loot. take a thousand horse with thee. Techelles. Meander." thou see this Scythian Tamburlaine. Judge by thyself. Requite. But give him warning and more warriors. So will I send this monstrous slave to hell. And lose more labour than the game will Then shalt quite. with Soldiers. Menaphon. D . And dare the force of angry Jupiter ? But as he thrust them underneath the hills. . Ther.] PART THE to charge FIRST. my friends. Techelles. What saith Theridamas ? Ther. ^L^r. \Exeunt. I 'Twill prove a pretty jest. What means this devilish shepherd to aspire With such a giantly presumption To cast up hills against the face of Heaven. not For presently Techelles here shall haste me \ To bid him battle ere he pass too far. 33 Tamb. Ortygius. Make but a jest to win the Persian crown. we. Go on for me. And pressed out fire from their burning jaws. Where flames shall ever feed ' upon his soul. will follow thee. Theridamas. judge the purchase* more important Tamb. Haste thee.

That thus opposeth him against the gods. and all the stars that make The loathsome Direct circle of my dated life. Nobly resolved. He dare so doubtlessly resolve of rule. or hell. Or of what mould or mettle he be made. Heaven. my lords and loving soldiers. That grievous image of ingratitude. For he was never sprung of human spirit race. And burn him in the fury of that flame. earth. mixed Their angry seeds Since with the conception . my weapon to his barbarous heart. ! drums and fru?nj>efs sounding. Let us put on our meet encountering minds .34 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. And by Orty. And scorns the powers that govern Persia \Exeiint . . Some powers divine. Cos. or else infernal. And in detesting such a devilish thief. Whether from earth. or. That fiery thirster after sovereignty. of his fearful pride. Meand. now To save your king and country from decay. profession be ambitious. Resolve. right. or fiend. drum . at his [act ii. Let's cheer our soldiers to encounter him. Then strike up. or spirit of the Or monster turned to a manly shape. What star or fate soever govern him. What god. he grow. And with the same proportion of elements Resolve. That none can quench but blood and empcry. my good Ortygius And since we all have sucked one wholesome air. In love of honour and defence of Be armed against the hate of such a foe. . I hope we are resembled Vowing our loves to equal death and life.

Who. And place himself in the empyreal Heaven. morning of Scarce being seated in my happy state. Ejiter Cosroe. Tam- BURLAINE.^ : ? Doth teach us all to have aspiring minds Our souls. To thrust his doting father from his chair. Moved me to manage arms against thy state. woimdeJ. Artery. ! To work my downfall and untimely end An uncouth pain torments my grieved soul.SCENE VII. Will us to wear ourselves. entering at the breach thy sword hath made. Warring within our breasts for regiment. And death arrests the organ of my voice. What better precedent than mighty Jove Nature that framed us of four elements. Barbarous and bloody Tamburlaine.] PART THE SCENE FIRST. - Rule. . 35 VII. and never Until we reach ^ the ripest fruit of all. ThERIDAMAS. rest. And measure Still every wandering planet's course. Cos. artier ^ Sacks every vein and of my ! heart. TeCHELLES. 7vitli others. Bloody and insatiate Tamburlaine Tamb. whose faculties can comprehend The wondrous architecture of the world. my royal throne. UsUMCASANE. climbing after knowledge And always moving as the restless spheres. Thus Even to deprive me of my crown and life ! Treacherous and at the false Theridamas. infinite. Alarms of battle within. The thirst of reign and sweetness of a crown That caused the eldest son of heavenly Ops.

And with my my life slides through my wound . nor by princely deeds Doth mean to soar above the highest sort. For want of nourishment to feed them both. Theridamas. Not all the curses which the Furies breathe. other. Ther. For as when Jove did thrust old SiUurn down. Are dry and cold and now doth ghastly death. I die : heart. Shall — upon you both ! make me think you leave so rich a prize as rest. I The not strangest men that ever nature made I know how to take their tyrannies. And fearful vengeance light [CosROE dies. Tamburlaine takes his cro7vn and puts it on. With greedy talons gripe tires ' And like a harpy on my bleeding my life. and the Who now is ! King of Persia ? Tamburlaine ! All. The sweet fruition of an earthly crown. Cos. bliss [act ii. Theridamas and Tamburlaine. Tamburlaine ' Preys. this. And is that made me like the to join witli Tamburlaine : For he gross and massy earth. To lift our swords against the Persian king. The heat and moisture. Usiwi. which did feed each . Techelles. That moves not upwards. chill My My bloodless body waxeth blood and cold. And that made us the friends of Tamburlain?. If Tamburlaine be placed in Persia. ' And summons all my senses to depart. soul begins to take her flight to hell. Tech. . So do we hope to reign in Asia. That perfect and sole felicity. Tamb.36 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Neptune and Dis gained each of them a crown. A term in falconry.

the angry god of arms. Long live Tamburlaine and reign in Asia Tamb. All. And all pronounced me King of Persia. 37 Tamb. . As If great commander of this eastern world. \Exeiint.] PART THE FIRST. And all the earthly potentates conspire To dispossess me of this diadem. Though Mars himself. if Than the gods had held a parliament. you but say that Tamburlaine shall reign.SCENE VII. Yet will I wear it in despite of them. So now it is more surer on my head.

Morocco.^ As hath the ocean or the Terrene sea^ Small drops of water when the moon begins To join in one her semicircled horns. Under the conduct of one Tanibur- laine. and mighty general. SCENE Enter Bajazeth. * • The Mediterranean. Renowned Emperor.ACT THE THIRD. the I. of Fez. . Kings of Fez. Presume a bickering with your emperor. renier. and others in great pomp.^ my We hear the Tartars and tlie eastern thieves. Fr. Argier/ with A J. lie before the city walls. K. . 1 Algiers. . Nor raise our Or breathless siege before the Grecians yield. And warlike bands of Christians renied. Yet would we not be braved with foreign power. You know our army is invincible As many circumcised Turks we have. And think to rouse us from our dreadful sie^e Of the famous Grecian Constantinople. Great Kings of Barbary and portly bassoes. Christians who have abjured their faith.Bashaws or Pashas.

him say. Most great and puissant monarch of the earth. Bus. And mean to fetch thee in despite of him.^ The high and highest monarch of the world Wills and commands (for say not I entreat). : mad With triple circuit. Europe. True. fast to Persia. 1 . Baj. And show your pleasure to the Persian. Your basso will accompUsh your behest. thou regreet us not.] PART THE FIRST. K. Or else to threaten death and deadly arms As from the mouth of mighty Bajazeth. Not once to set his foot on Africa.SCENE What. him thy Lord. 39 if you sent the bassoes of your guard To charge him to remain in Asia. at my looks. the Turkish Emperor. I bid thee so before the sun have measured Heaven to . . I I am content to take a truce. Lest he incur the fury of Tell my wrath. Hie thee. of Arg. ' yExit. Argier and trembles The Black Sea. Baj. We mean to take his morning's next arise For messenger he will not be reclaimed. They say he is the King of Persia But. Dread Lord of Afric. . I. Great King and conqueror of Graecia. and the Coal-black sea. manage arms with me. He be so Then stay thou with And if. : Because hear he bears a valiant mind silly But presuming on his power. The ocean. Terrene. Tell my basso. and Asia. For all flesh quakes at your magnificence. if he dare attempt to stir -your siege. fwere requisite he should be ten times more. Or spread his colours once in Grsecia. him if. As fits the legate of the stately Turk.

7C'//// Madam Zenocrate. succour come by land Two And And And thousand horse shall forage up and down. Hath seemed to be digested lon^ ago. SCENE Agyd. The ground is mantled with such multitudes. To know the cause of these unquiet That work such trouble to your wonted rest ? 'Tis more than pity such a heavenly face Should by heart's sorrow wax so wan and pale. K. Agvdas. II. I will city's overthrow ? the captive pioners of Argier Cut off the water that by leaden pipes Runs to the city from the mountain Carnon. The spring ing host. K. (Which of your whole displeasures should be most. Enter Zenocrate. and we will enter in thus the Grecians shall be conquered. with their cannons mouthed Batter the walls. Fez. may I presume fits. Baj. . oj Mor.40 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. is [act hi. hindeied by your smother- For neither rain can fall upon the earth. . All this is true as holy Mahomet And all the trees are blasted with our breaths. When your offensive rape by Tamburlaine. like Orcus' gulf. lie Then shall our footmen within the trench. [Exeunt. Nor sun reflex his virtuous beams thereon. of What thinks your greatness best to be achieved In pursuit of the Baj. Anippe. ei/iers. relief or : That no ail the sea my galleys countermand.

and ! others.SCENE II. man so vile and barbarous. Techelles. Tamburlaine.] PART THE it FIRST. And all that pierceth Phoebus' silver eye. With Tamburlaine Let not a Ah. life to Zenocrate soul. Although be digested long ago. still ! and hover in his breast And Or That leave my body you live senseless as the earth. Your highness needs not doubt but in short time He will with Tamburlaine's destruction this Redeem you from Zeno. Suljjection. That holds you from your father And keeps you from the honours of a queen. fall Before such hap Zeno.) Be honoured with your love but for necessity. 41 Zeno. as well hath changed my first conceived disdain. Which dyes my looks so lifeless as they are. Agyd. Agydas leave to wound me with these words. And speak of Tamburlaine as he deserves. if my extremes had full events. Ah. and die with Tamburlaine to his life ! Enter. . The entertainment we have had of him Is far from villany' or servitude. Agyd. in And might noble minds be counted ' princel}'.. (Being supposed his worthless concubine. fair Zenocrate. else unite I may and soul. And it might content the Queen of Heaven. Eternal heaven sooner be dissolved. Make me the ghastly counterfeit of d. So. in despite.ath. behind. Yet since a farther passion feeds my thoughts With ceaseless and disconsolate conceits. now the mighty Soldan hears of you. And might. deadly servitude. As As his exceeding favours have deserved.

- Astonished. His talk much sweeter than the Muses' song 'gainst Pierides . Being a shepherd. but most astonied' Deeds. Agyd. Betrayed by fortune and suspicious love. Threatened with frowning wrath and jealousy. Those words of favour. Will tell you how many thousand men he slew And when you look for amorous discourse. when he shall embrace you in his arms. Than Juno. Or when So looks As looks the Sun through Nilus' flowing the Morning holds him in her arms. seemed to love you much. Surprised with fear of hideous revenge. I stand aghast * . Exeunt all but Agyd as. Agyd. looking wrathfully on Agyd AS. fair Tamburlaine . Will rattle forth his facts ' oiF war and blood. Too harsh a subject for your dainty ears.42 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. : They sung for honour Or when Minerva did with Neptune strive And higher would I rear my estimate god. see though first . Zeno. Agyd. If I were sister to the highest matched with mighty Tamburlaine. How can you fancy one that looks so Only disposed to martial stratagems ? Who. And gives no more than common courtesies. Yet be not so inconstant in your love But let the young Arabian live in hope After your rescue to enjoy his choice. ill. Thence rise the tears that so distain my cheeks Fearing his love through my unworthiness. and those comfortings. You the King of Persia. stream. [Tamburlaine goes io her atid takes her many lovingly by the hand. Now in his majesty he leaves those looks. . my lordly love. [ACT fierce. A common word with our early writers. Zeno.

Agydas. tilt As when about the watery Heavens. Tech. For words are vain where working tools present The naked action of my threatened end : It says. See you. how it the king salutes you imports. And cast a pale complexion on seaman sees the Hyades Gather an army of Cimmerian clouds. and prevent the plagues die To by this resolved . Than stay the torments he and Heaven have sworn. And wrapt in silence of his angry soul. Upon his brows was pourtrayed ugly death And in his eyes the furies of his heart That shone as comets. thou shalt surely pain die. Then haste. Agydas. .] PART THE FIRST. menacing revenge. With shivering spears enforcing thunder And from their shields strike flames of lightning. He needed not with words confirm my fear. That sent a tempest to my daunted thoughts.) All-fearful folds his sails and sounds the main. Techelles with a naked dagger. Lifting his prayers to the Heavens for aid Against the terror of the winds and waves.SCENE II. and now I prove killing frowns of jealousy and love. Agydas. ? He The bids you prophesy what I Agyd. And of extremities elect the least less it More honour and may procure hand of thine. the All sweating. 43 To see his choler shut in secret thoughts. prophesied before. followed by USUMCASANE. (Auster and Aquilon with winged steeds. So fares Agydas for the late-felt frowns. his cheeks. And make my Re-enter soul divine her overthrow. claps.

And crave his triple-worthy burial. the body. ! and fetch thee hence I poor Turk well his fortune is too weak To encounter with the strength of Tamburlaine. we will honour him. And let Agydas by Agydas die. 'Faith. and speak indifferently my captains and my soldiers look ? they meant to conquer Africa Bas. And menace more than they can well perform. Removed from the torments and the hell. Enter Tamburlaine. thy prolonged fates free [act hi. from fear of tyrant's rage.lf. View Do As not if my camp. And cannot terrify his mighty host. wander. Usumcasane. Your men are valiant. Tech. Agreed. Usumcasane. [Exeunt bearing out SCENE III. Tamb. by I this thy lord : and master knows mean to meet him in Bithynia See how he comes tush.'ith others. Let us afford him now the bearing hence. Hath hit the Usum. And with this stab slumber eternally. 7i. Basso. ThtriDAMAS. and Techelles. Techelles. Casane . Wherewith he may excruciate thy soul. ! He meet me Alas ! in the field. the king. Go. it was manly done And since he was so wise and honourable. Turks are full of brags. but their number {z\v. Anippe. see. Tech. \Stahs hlins. how right the man meaning of my lord. . Which may draw on thee. a Basso.44 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Zenocrate.

Hath now in arms ten thousand Janissaries. Well said. In two set battles fought in Graecia for the expedition of this war. he think good. and pursue till His scattered army Ta?/ib. But those kings Bas. To rule the provinces he late subdued. That made me Emperor of Asia. Thcr. Brought to the war by men of Tripoli Two hundred And If thousand footmen that have served . Whose smiling stars give him assured hope Of martial triumph ere he meet his foes. [To their his Ofiicers.] Then fight courageously : crowns are yours This hand shall set them on your conquering heads. can from as his garrisons Withdraw many more to follow him. Yet we assure us of the victory.] PART THE commander FIRST. the great Besides fifteen contributory kings. More mighty than Shall rouse the Turkish emperor. Such as his highness please accompany your lord ? but some must stay . The more he brings the greater is the For when they perish by our warlike hands.SCENE III. Tech. Tamb. 45 My lord. of the world. Let him bring millions infinite of men. . they yield or die. . rifle all those stately Janisars. Usum. will Tamb. We mean And to set our footmen on their steeds. spoil. Theridamas fitteth speak in that mood For 70/71 and shall best Tamburlaine. Even he that in a trice vanquished two kings. The only fear and terror of the world. Mounted on lusty Mauritanian steeds. him out of Europe. I that am termed the scourge and wrath of God. Unpeopling Western Africa and Greece.

Burthening their bodies with your heavy chains. and He calls me Bajazeth. Have to their names titles of dignity. Zabina and Ebea. . These are the cruel pirates of Argier. whom you call lord Note the presumption of this Scythian slave ! I tell thee. those that lead my horse. the scum of Africa. the Kings of Fez. Enter Bajazeth with his Bassoes. ! Baj. And when chance to rest or breathe a space. bastonc. Inhabited with straggling runagates. Moroccus. Baj. And dar'st thou bluntly call me Bajazeth ? Tamb. Bassoes and Janissaries of my guard. they. villain. and Argier. . thou Turk. ^ Are punished with bastones so grievously. rest. and the prepare your swords . Morocco. Art^ier. . Ital. Attend upon the person of your lord. that those which lead Shall lead thee captive thorough Africa And dar'st thou bluntly ^ call me Tamburlaine ? Sticks. That make quick havoc of the Christian blood But as I live that town shall curse the time That Ttoiburlaine set foot in Africa. subdue the Turk. and then enlarge captives. Those Christian which you keep as fare slaves. That they lie panting on the galley's side.46 Will first TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. That damnbd train. And know. Tamb. Kings of Fez. And strive for life at every stroke they give. [act ill. The I greatest potentate of Africa. my horse. mean to encounter with that Bajazeth. Techelles. And feeding them with thin and slender That naked row about the Terrene sea.

To K. Whose hands ^ made to gripe ^ a warlike lance. make me famous through the I will not tell thee how I'll handle thee. And And Shall my tend my concubines all his captains that thus stoutly stand. renowned. Why stay we thus prolonging of their lives ? Thcr. and my words are oracles. ^ Seraglio. sepulchre.] PART THE FIRST. threefold my stout contributory kings : army and my hugy .' But every common soldier of my camp shall Shall smile to see thy miserable state. Fight all courageously. What coward would not fight for such a prize Tamb. Ye Moors and valiant men of Barbar}'. I Whom Thy have brought to see their overthrow. of Arg. . What means the mighty Turkish emperor. can ye suffer these indignities ? let How K. 47 Baj\ By Mahomet my kinsman's I sivear. That we may rule as kings of Africa. that conquered Persia. Usum. Fr. . and mighty Tamburlaine.SCENE III. Puissant. this Tamb. talk with one so base as Tamburlaine ? K. I long to see those crowns won by our swords. Well said. world.host Shall swallow up these base-born Persians. Zabina. Leave words. of Mor. Baj. mother of three braver boys ? Than Hercules. that in his infancy ^ Did pash the jaws of serpents are venomous . Tech. Dash to pieces. strati. of Fez. draw the chariot of my emperess. Baj. Huge. and points them feel your lances' Which Your glided through the bowels of the Greeks. By fall my sword. and be you kings I speak it. And by the holy Alcoran He shall in be made a chaste and sarell ' lustless eunuch.

fit. Zeno. Me march victoriously with all my men. Till then take thou Return with victory and free from wound Baj. Zenocrate. crown. Will batter turrets with their manly Sit fists . [act hi. Triumphing over him and these his kings Which I will bring as vassals to thy feet my crown. Their shoulders broad for complete armour Their limbs more large. her. bring this sturdy Tamburlaine. calm the rage of thundering Jupiter. have of Turks. to cover all Bithynia. vaunt of my worth. The only paragon of Tamburlaine. And may my love the King of Persia. Arabians. And manage words with her. Such good success happen to Bajazeth Tavtb. when they come unto their father's age. Enough Let thousands die their slaughtered carcasses Shall serve for walls and bulwarks to the rest And as the heads of Hydra. as we will arms. . here upon this royal chair of state. Whose eyes are brighter than the lamps of Heaven. Fairer than rocks of pearl and precious stone. thy head wear And on Until I my imperial crown. ! Zab. Than all the brats ysprung from Typhon's loins Who. Zenocrate.48 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. until thou see Stir not. and jof a bigger size. so my power. the loveliest maid alive. . And And Sit speech more pleasant than sweet harmony clear the That with thy looks canst darkened sky. Moors. and Jews. Now shalt thou feel the force of Turkish arms. captains And all his bound in captive chains. down by if adorned with my As thou wert the Empress of the world. I Which I lately made all Europe quake for fear.

had the appearance of a flying bird. That ' am must thou be placed by me. Brave horses bred on white Tartarian hills My camp is like to Julius Csesar's host.SCENE III. willingly ^ would have. Tamb. and which. ? lure. Thy soldiers' arms could not endure to strike So many blows as I have heads for thee. my followers. signifying a decoy. Our conquering swords shall marshal us the way We use to march upon the slaughtered foe. their Trampling bowels with our horses' hoofs th' . when thrown into the air. Baj. the Turk. Resting herself upon my milk-white tent let — my lords. Mar. That thirst to drink the feeble Persians' blood. Thou know'st not. may E . What 'tis to meet me in the open field. his wife and \_Exit ivith his Jollowers." refer to a (Fr. shall stand as mighty as before. let us glut our swords. formed of leather and feathers. points. Base concubine. used to call the young hawks. hardy Tamburlaine. The field is ours. That never fought but had the victory Nor in Pharsalia was there such hot war. 49 Subdued. still well-known term in falconry. Zab.] PART THE FIRST. \Exit with his followers. to weapons us fall all. That leave no ground fpr thee to march upon. the empress of the mighty Turk ? Floating. begins to take her flight. Then Victory But come. "^ Legions of spirits fleeting in the air Direct our bullets and our weapons' And make And when your strokes to wound the senseless she sees our bloody colours spread. " it Here "lure" most probably means "light. Come. foolish. As these. If they should yield their necks unto the sword. kings and bassoes. liieiir) .

And make Zcfio. To Tamburlaine. for their sauciness shall menaceth be employed To dress the will common soldiers' meat and drink. scorn they should let come near Yet sometimes your highness. Thou shalt lik'st be laundress to my waiting maid How But thou her. To dash the Scythians' brains. that am betrothed Unto the great and mighty Tamburlaine ? Zab. she thinks she is Ebea. Now And That strengthen him against the Turkish Bajazeth. how thy drudge doth talk ? ? And how my Both slave. And made my lordly love her worthy king. utie cache. That dare 1 manage arms with him has:— "A fat bosse. Mahomet. Madam. I shall turn her into other weeds. Disdainful Turkess [act hi. me to be your And sue to thee ! advocate. mercy at his kingly feet. for For we A/lip. Anippe. her mistress. I angry looks. Ebea ?~Will she serve? perhaps. like flocks fly his of fearful roes Pursued by hunters.so TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. I tell thee. Zeno.'' Fcnune lien grasse . Zeno. Cotgrave in his Dictionary et grosse . for When And thy great basso-master and thyself Must plead sue to Zab. Ye gods and powers that govern Persia. Hear'st thou. and to strike them dead. them To do the work my chambermaid 'iT/iey sound to the battle within.send disdains. Zeno. — shameless ! girl. let his foes. ! and unreverend boss Call'st thou me concubine. solicit God himself. ourselves. And make him rain down murdering shot from Heaven may Zab. the great Tartarian thief! Thou wilt repent these lavish words of thine. her dainty fingers fall to work. ! see him issue conqueror Now. too fine.

1 Defeat. Zenocrate. Now let my treasury. Thou shalt not yet be lord of Africa. Mahomet should come from Heaven and is swear My royal lord slain or conquered. ! When first he warred against the Christians [ They sound again to the battle within. is Tamb. Tandh Each man a crown Deliver them into Zeno. is they fight and Bajazeth overcome. into Africa. I —Why kingly fought gracious lord i' faith.' damned Tamb. And Tamburlaine Zab. 51 That offered jewels to thy sacred shrine.SCENE III. me offer to my His royal crown again so highly won. Tamburlaine of Africa. and Usumcasane. Yet should he not persuade But that he lives me otherwise and will be conqueror. take the crown from her. have their We crowns — their bodies strow the field. who Baj. by the fortune of this conqueror? foil. Techelles. And crown me Emperor Zab. Re-enter Bajazeth. I Thou art deceived. Lord of Africa. Where are your stout contributory kings ? Re-enter Tech. : though now thou gat the best. By this the is Turks lie weltering in their blood. Theridamas.] PART THE FIRST. And led them captive I Straight will use thee as thy pride deserves live — Prepare thyself to Zeno. Tamb. E 2 . Zeno. king of bassoes. Now. pursued by Tamburlaine. — heard the trumpets sound. Nay. As when my emperor overthrew the Greeks. No. Thou. If and die my slave.

52 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. And making But. And hover in the Straits for Christians' wreck. fair Zabina we have lost the field ! And never had the Turkish emperor foil So great a by any foreign foe. Ringing with joy their superstitious bells. ' PlunderiniT. Not now. past. Baj. her time The Are pillars that have bolstered up those terms. . ill. Afric and Greece have garrisons enough To make me And sovereign of the earth again. Those walled garrisons So from the East unto the Shall Tamburlaine extend subdue. Shall lie at anchor in the fleet isle Asant. Give her the crown. Now will the Christian miscreants be glad. Here. Theridamas . fallen in clusters at my conquering feet. he may be ransomed. Zab. BulUn. I die. Not all the world shall ransom Bajazeth. will I Tamb. Have fetched about the Indian continent. Tamh.^ of war. Tamb. Ah. Zenocrate. write myself great lord of Africa. That yearly the Venetian gulf. Turkess : [act best. you are Empress. ! — thieves — runagates my majesty ? is How dare you thus abuse Ther. furthest West his puissant arm. madam. those foul idolaters bonfires with their filthy bones. Thcr. Until the Persian and men Sailing along the oriental sea. ^ The galleys and those sail to pilling brigandines. make me For though the glory of this day be lost. ^ Zante. Injurious villains ! ! takes it from her. she \Gives it to is none. ere Shall bonfires for my overthrow. Though he be prisoner. you were \He Zah.

Come. 53 Even from Persepolis to Mexico. O cursed Mahomet. and for this happy Triumph and solemnise Gibraltar. Tamb. Tamb. villains ! !— dare you touch my arms? O Mahomet — O sleepy Mahomet Zab. [ They bind sacred ihetn.] PART THE straits FIRST. \_Excwif. a martial feast. i Where they Keeping in shall meet and join their force in one awe the bay of Portingale/ And all the ocean by the British shore And by this means I'll win the world at last. Tamburlaine. . Biscay.SCENE III. . Ah. Come. And thence unto the of Jubalter . And dig for treasure to appease my wrath. bring them conquest. and one lead in the Turk The Turkess let my love's maid lead away. ere I die. Baj. Offer their mines to sue for peace to me. think'st thou Tamburlaine esteems thy gold? I'll make the kings of India. Baj. that makes The slaves to Scythians rude us thus ! and barbarous in . What. bind them both. Yet set a ransom on me.

ACT THE FOURTH. faint-hearted. Mess. Sold. The Soldan's daughter. Lords. mighty Soldan. base Egyptians. Nay. Lie slumbering on the flowery banks of Nile. Awake. SCENE I. That with his terror and imperious eyes. ! And with a troop of thieves and vagabonds. the fabulous serpent of that name. ye men of Memphis hear the clang ! Of Scythian basiUsks. Enter the Soldan of EcvrT. Commands the hearts of his associates. Villain. Capolin. As crocodiles that unaffrighted rest. It might amaze your royal majesty. shake Damascus' turrets down The rogue of Volga holds Zenocrate. While thundering cannons rattle on their skins. Hath spread While you. so called from their fancied resemblance to Cunningham. iOLD. were that Tamburlaine ^ Pieces of ordnance. did your greatness see The frowning looks of fiery Tamburlaine. and a Messenger. roaring. I tell thee.^ trumpets ! — hear the That. . his colours to our high disgrace. for his concubine.

and iron bills. us. Capo. i. shroud his shame in darkness of the night. That not a man should live to rue their fall. 55 As monstrous Gorgon ^ prince ? The Soldan would Mess. Pleaseth your mightiness to understand. that stood As bristle-pointed as a thorny wood : Their warlike engines and munition Exceed the Sold. Shaking their swords. Upon their prancing steeds disdainfully. stars. revenge of fair Zenocrate. Environing their standard round. The first day when he pitcheth down ' his tents. Yet would the Soldan by his conquering power So scatter and consume them in his rage. But speak. exceedeth Mess. Whom To he detaineth in despite of This arm should send him down to Erebus. .] PART THE as FIRST. not start a foot from him. what power hath he Mighty in lord. had you time to sort Your fighting men. His resolution far all. were he in he is no man.e. their spears. Let him take devil. by expedition. as all the advantages he can. Sold. : With wanton paces trampling on the ground Five hundred thousand footmen threatening shot.SCENE I. Or withered leaves that Autumn shaketh down. could numbers countervail the Or ever-drizzling drops of April showers. and raise your royal host . But Tamburlaine. So might your highness. . Were Yet all the world conspired to fight for him. forces of their martial their men. Advantage takes of your unreadiness. Nay. Demogorgon. Nay. Three hundred thousand men armour clad. of hell.

Not sparing any Black are that can manage arms these threats move not submission. And jetty feathers. See. Tamb. .h following him. his shield. Bring out Baj. black pavilion His spear. Ye holy priests of heavenly Mahomet. [act iv. and Tj\'^w. \_Exeiint. his colours. his horse. ignorant ! Of lawful arms Pillage or martial discipline and murder are his usual trades. Techelles. That hath been disappointed by this slave Of my fair daughter. plumes. his armour. Enter Tamburlaine. Merciless villain — peasant. Capolin. He razcth all his foes with ! and sword. menace death and fire hell Without respect of sex. satiate with spoil. That. snowy feather spangled white he bears. The slave usurps the glorious name of war. Sola'. degree. SCENE II. White A To signify the naildness of his mind. . refuseth blood. And be revenged for her disparagement. the fair Arabian king. is their hue. my footstool. is [Bajazeth taken out of the cage.56 TAMDURLAINE THE GREAT. Anippe. and his princely love. May have fresh warning to go war with us. and on his silver crest. Zenocrate. UsumCASANE. or age. Theridamas. two Moors dratci/ig Bajazeth in a cage. . But when Aurora mounts the second time As red as scarlet is his furniture Then must But if his kindled wrath be quenched with blood.

The chiefest God. flesh. vassal. villain. Before I yield to such a slavery. ! And make it swallow both of us at once [Tamburlaine steps upoji him to mount his throne. Base villain. Than it should so conspire ! my overthrow. ! And dim the brightness of your neighbour lamps 1 Boastful. first mover of that sphere. . And That be the footstool of great Tamburlaine. villain thou that wishest me. this to But. Enchased with thousands ever-shining lamps. Smile stars. ! for so he "bids That may command thee piecemeal to be torn. Tamb. dread god of hell. Fall prostrate on the low disdainful earth. my bowels and with thy sword. With ebon sceptre strike this hateful earth. First shalt thou rip my royal throne. Then. ! stoop ! — Stoop . And pour it in this glorious ^ tyrant's throat Tamb. Fiends look on me and thou. that reigned at my nativity. And let the majesty of Heaven behold Their scourge and terror tread on emperors. 57 That.] PART THE FIRST. Now clear the triple region of the air. Will sooner burn the glorious frame of Heaven. And sacrifice my soul to death hell. sacrificing. as I look ! down to the damned fiends.SCENE II. Baj. That bears the honour of my royal weight Stoop. Tamb. slice and cut your Staining his ahars with your purple blood Make Heaven to frown and every fixM star To suck up poison from the moorish fens. Or scattered like the lofty cedar trees Struck with the voice of thundering Jupiter. slave to Tamburlaine Unworthy to embrace or touch the ground. I may rise into Baj.

Keeping his kingly body in a cage. That roofs of gold and sun-biight palaces Should have prepared to entertain his grace ? And treading him beneath thy loathsome feet. my husband in the field. And cause the sun to borrow light of you. Being thy captive. casts a flash of lightning to the earth But ere I march to wealthy Persia. when I took this Turk As when a fiery exhalation. That almost brent the axle-tree of Heaven. Tamb. To make me Zab. \ Even in Bithynia. ! [act IV. Disdain to borrow light of Cynthia For But I. lord. Or leave Damascus and the Egyptian fields. that Unworthy by thy cruelty seat. Wrapt in the bowels of a freezing cloud Fighting for passage. makes the welkin cracic. king. and our shot the sky shall I Fill all the air with fiery meteors Then when It shall wax as red as blood be said made it red myself. Unlawfully usurp'st the Persian Before thou met Dar'st thou that never saw an emperor. Will send up fire to your turning spheres.58 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. look better to your slave. think of nought but blood and war. First rising in the East with mild aspect. my To make these captives rein their lavish tongues. As was the fame of Clymene's brain sick son. Whose feet the kings of Africa have kissed. : So shall our swords. You must devise some torment worse. . thus abuse his state. Tech. fire My sword struck from his coat of steel. our lances. And. fixbd now in the meridian line. the chiefest lamp of all the earth. Zenocrate.

: look Ajiip. Baj. . For he that gives him other food than Shall sit is by him and starve I will to death himself This my mind and the kings have it so. \They put him back i?ito Baj. Techelles. shall Bajazeth be kept . be thus in triumph drawn And thou.^ Shall talk how I have handled Bajazeth These Moors. ' See Plato's Thuicus. as low. Tamb. There. Shall ransom him. Even from this day to Plato's wondrous year. else I swear to have you whipt. Put him in again. you abuse the person of the king my slave. and thy dignities Are fled from Bajazeth and remain with me. She is my handmaid's slave.SCENE II. Confusion light on him that helps thee thus Tamb. . That will maintain it 'gainst a world of kings. and she That these abuses flow not from her tongue Chide her. If they would lay their crowns before my feel. Ambitious pride shall make thee fall For treading on the back of Bajazeth. Not all and emperors of the earth. his wife. Anippe. that drew him from Bithynia. or take him from his cage. shalt feed servitors shall bring thee him with the scraps from My my board this. stark-naked.] PART THE FIRST. Shall lead him with us wheresoe'er we go. whiles he live?. and my loving followers. and titles. great in my overthrow. where we now remain. Thy names. To fair Damascus. Great Tamburlaine. Is this a place for mighty Bajazeth ? ! the cage. where I go. shall- 59 Zeno. That should be horsed on four mighty kings. The ages that sh'all talk of Tamburlaine. And. How Or Let these be warnings for you then.

And when they see us march in black array. and did. see Damascus' lofty towers. ^Exeunt. And I gentle flags of amity displayed. Yet would you have some it is pity for father's. SCENE Enter the Soldan. King of Arabia. Your now pitched will yield. the III. all But Tamb. the treasure. Not for the world. doubt not but the governor Offering Damascus to your majesty. Not one should 'scape. He and those that kept us out so long. Capolin. Come j bring in the Turk. Zenocrate I've sworn. And every house is as a treasury The men. [act iv. before the gates. . and my Tamb. With mournful streamers hanging down their heads. and the town tents of white is ours. the rest Be once advanced on my vermilion tent. Soldiers with colours flying. my sake. So shall he have his life and if he stay until the bloody flag dies. Now may we That with Like to the shadows of Pyramides. their beauties grace the Memphian fields : The golden statue of their feathered bird city's walls : That spreads her wings upon the Shall not defend it from our battering shot in silk The townsmen mask and cloth of : gold. Ther. Were in that city all the world contained. SohL Methinks we march as Meleager Environed with brave Argolian knights. Because my country. . Zeno. but perish by our swords.6o TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.

or wear a princely crown. My lord. Against the wolf that angry Themis sent To waste and spoil the sweet Aonian five A monster of hundred thousand heads. and spoil. Or Cephalus Theban youths fields. By murder raised to the Persian crown. 6i To chase the savage Calydonlan boar.SCENE III. Let us unite our royal bands in one. And It is hasten to remove Damascus' siege. have you of mighty Bajazeth lately heard The overthrow About the confines of Bithynia? The slavery wherewith he persecutes The noble Turk and his great emperess Sold. That dares control us To tame the pride of this presumptuous beast. I have. the hate and scourge Raves in ^gyptia and annoyeth it is us. Join your Arabians with the Soldan's power. Compact of rapine. piracy. That such a base usurping vagabond Should brave a king. shivered against a craggy rock in compassion to his wretched state. a blemish to the majesty And high estate of mighty emperors. Renowned Soldan. . A sturdy the bloody Tamburlaine. Than in the haven when the pilot stands. of God. K. in our territories. Be so persuaded that the Soldan is No more dismayed with tidings of his fall. ? and sorrow for his bad success But noble lord of great Arabia. And And Yet views a stranger's ship rent in the winds. The scum of men. of Arab. I A sacred vow to Heaven and him make.] PART THE with lusty FIRST. felon and a base-bred thief.

62

TAMDURLAINE THE GREAT,
it

[act

iv.

Confirming

with Ibis' holy name.

That Tamburlaine shall rue the day, the hour, Wherein he wrought such ignominious wrong

Unto the hallowed person of a prince. Or kept the fair Zenocrate so long As concubine, I fear, to feed his lust.
K. of Arab. Let
Let Tamburlaine
grief

and fury hasten on revenge
him.

;

for his offences feel

Such plagues
I

as

we and Heaven can pour on

long to break

my

spear

upon

his crest,
;

And

prove the weight of his victorious arm
I fear,

For Fame,
Sold,

hath been too prodigal

In sounding through the world his partial praise.
Capolin, hast thou surveyed our powers
?

Capol. Great

Emperors of Egypt and Arabia,
is
;

The number

of your hosts united
fifty

A hundred
Two
As

and

tliousand horse
foot,

hundred thousand
full

brave men-at-arms,

Courageous, and
frolic as the

of hardiness.

hunters in the chase

Of savage

beasts

K. of Arab.

My

amid the desert woods. mind presageth fortunate success;

And
The

Tamburlaine,

my

spirit

doth foresee
thee.
;

utter ruin of thy

men and

Sold.

Then
drums

rear your standards

let

your sounding

Direct our soldiers to Damascus' walls.

Now, Tamburlaine,

the mighty Soldan comes,
king.

And leads with him the great Arabian To dim thy baseness and obscurity,
Famous
for

nothing but for theft and spoil
scatter thy inglorious crew
slavish Persians.

To

raze

and

Of Scythians and

^Exeunt.

SCENE

IV.]

PART THE
SCENE

FIRST.

6j

IV.

A

Banquet

set

out ;

to it

come Tamburi.aine, all in scarlet

Zenocrate, Theridamas, Techelles, UsumcaSANE, Bajazeth in his cage, Zabina, and others.
Tamb.

Now

hang our bloody colours by Damascus,
their city walls,

Reflexing hues of blood upon their heads,

While they walk quivering on
Half dead

for fear before they feel

my

wrath,

Then

let

us freely banquet and carouse

Full bowls of wine unto the

god of war That means to fill your helmets full of goldj And make Damascus spoils as rich to you. As was to Jason Colchos' golden fleece. And now, Bajazeth, hast thou any stomach?
Baj. Ay, such a stomach, cruel Tamburlaine, as
I

could willingly feed upon thy blood-raw heart.

Tamb. Nay thine own
out that: and
'twill

is

easier to

come by; pluck
wife
:

serve thee

and thy

Well, Zeno-

crate, Techelles,

and the

rest, fall to

your

victuals.

Baj. Fall

to,

and never may your meat

digest

Ye

Furies, that can
to the in

mask

invisible.

Dive

bottom of Avernus' pool,
in the

And And

your hands bring hellish poison up
it

squeeze

cup of Tamburlaine

!

Or, winged snakes of Lerfta, cast your stings,
Anj;i leave

your venoms in
this

this tyrant's dish

!

Zab.

And may
^

banquet prove as ominous

As Progne's to the adulterous Thracian king, That fed upon the substance of his child. Zeno. My lord, how can you tamely suffer these
Outrageous curses by these slaves of yours
^

?

i.e.

Procne.

64

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT,
Tamb.

[act

iv.

To

let

them

see, divine

Zenocrate,

I glory in the curses of

my

foes,

Having

the

To
is

turn

Tech.

power from the imperial Heaven them all upon their proper heads. I pray you give tliem leave, madam
let

;

this

speech

a goodly refreshing to tliem.

Ther. But if his highness would would do them more good. Tamb. Sirrah, why fall you not to ?

them be

fed,

it

— are you so daintily
flesh ?

brought up, you cannot eat your own
BaJ.
First, legions

of devils shall tear thee in pieces.

Usiim. Villain, know'st thou to

whom

thou speakest
take
it

?

Tamb. O,

let

him

alone.
I'll

Here;
it

eat, sir;

from

my

sword's point, or

thrust

to thy heart.
it

[Bajazeth
Ther.

takes

attd stamps upon

it.

He

stamps
it

it

under

his feet,

my
it
;

lord.

Tamb. Take
eat them.

up, villain,

and

eat

or I will

make
'

thee slice the brawns of thy arms into carbonadoes

and

Usu?n. Nay, 'twere better he killed his wife,

and then

she shall be sure not to be starved, and he be provided
for a

month's victual beforehand.
is

Tamb. Here
fat, for if

my

dagger

:

despatch her while she
fall

is

she live but a while longer, she will
fretting,

into a

consumption with
the eating.

and then she

will

not be worth

Ther. Dost thou think that
Tech. 'Tis like he will

Mahomet

will suffer this ?

when he cannot

let'

it.

Tamb.
drink.

Go

to

;

fall

to your meat.

— What,

not a bit

Belike he hath not been watered to day; give him
\_They give
it
1

some

Bajazeth water

to drink,

and

he flings

upon the ground.
2

Rashers.

Hinder.

SCENE

IV.]

PART THE
and welcome,

FIRST.
sir,

65

Tamb. you
wife
eat.

Fast,

while'

hunger make
his

How
Yes,

now, Zenocrate, do not the Turk and
?

make

a goodly show at a banquet

Zetio.

my

lord.
'tis

Ther. Methinks,

a great deal better than a consort

^

of music.
Tixmb. Yet music

would do well
art so

to cheer
?

up Zenocrate,
wilt

Pray thee,
song, the
Zeno.

tell,

why thou

sad

— If thou

have a

Turk

shall strain his voice.

But why

is it ?

My
it

lord, to see

my

father's

town besieged,

The

country wasted where myself was born,

How
If

can

but

afflict

my

very soul

?

any love remain
if

in you,

my

lord.

Or

my

love unto your majesty

May
Then

merit favour at your highness' hands.
raise

your siege from

fair

Damascus'

walls,

And

with

my

father take a friendly truce.

Yet would

Tamb. Zenocrate, were Egypt Jove's own land, I with my sword make Jove to stoop.
geographers
triple

I will confute those blind

That make a

region in the world.
I

Excluding regions which

mean

to trace,

And
After

with this pen ^ reduce them to a map.

Calling the provinces cities

and towns,
the point
;

my name
at
shall

and

thine, Zenocrate.
will I

Here That

Damascus

make

begin the perpendicular

And

would'st thou have
loss ?

me buy

thy father's love

With such a
Zcno.

—Tell me, Zenocrate.
wait on happy Tamburlaine

Honour

still

Yet ^ive

me

leave to plead for
:

him my

lord.

Tamb. Content thyself
^

his person shall

be

safe

Until.

2

Band.

•''

Meaning

his sword.

Mar.

F

66

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT,
all

[act

iv.

And

the friends of

fair

Zenocrate,
yield,

If with their lives they

Or may be

forced to

may be pleased to make me Emperor

For Egypt and Arabia must be mine. Feed, you slave ; thou may'st think fed from my trencher.

thyself

happy

to

be

Baj, My empty stomach, full of idle heat, Draws bloody humours from my feeble parts,
Preserving
life

My veins are pale my sinews hard My joints benumbed unless I eat,
;

by hastening cruel death. and dry ;
I die.

Zab.

Eat, Bajazeth

:

and

let

us live

In spite of them,

— looking some happy power
us.
;

Will pity and enlarge

Tamb. Here, Turk Tamb.
ing will
Thcr.
Soft, sir

wilt

thou have a clean trencher

?

Baj. Ay, tyrant, and more meat.
;

you must be dieted

;

too

much

eat-

make you
So
it

surfeit.

would,
little

my

lord, 'specially

having so small

a walk and so

exercise.

\A second

course of cro7i>ns

is

brought

in.

Tamb. Theridamas, Techelles, and Casane, here are the cates you desire to finger, are they not ? Ther. Ay, my lord but none save kings must feed
:

with these.
Tech. 'Tis

enough
here

for us to see

them, and for

Tam-

burlaine only to enjoy them.

Tamb. Well

;

is

now

to the Soldan of Egypt, the

King of Arabia, and
kings.

the Governor of Damascus.

Now

take these three crowns, and pledge me,

my

contributory

I

Techelles,

crown you here, Theridamas, King of Argier; King of Fez and Usumcasane, King of
;

Moroccus.

How

say you to

this,

Turk

?

These are not

your contributory kings.

SCENE
Baj.

IV.]

PART THE
shall they long

FIRST.
I

67

Nor

be thine,

warrant them.

Tamb. Kings of Argier, Moroccus, and of Fez,

You

that have

marched with happy Tamhurlaine
'

As far as from the frozen plage of Heaven, Unto the watery morning's ruddy bower,

And
By

thence by land unto the torrid zone,
titles I

Deserve these

endow you

with.

valour and by magnanimity.
births shall
is

Your
For

be no blemish to your fame.

virtue

the fount whence honour springs,

And

they are worthy she investeth kings.

Ther.

And
;

since your highness

hath so well vouch-

safed
If

we deserve them not with higher meeds

Than erst our states and actions have retained Take them away again and make us slaves. Tamb. Well said, Theridamas when holy fates
;

Shall 'stablish

me

in strong

^gyptia,

We mean

to travel to the antarctic pole.

Conquering the people underneath our feet, And be renowned as never emperors were.
Zenocrate, I will not crown thee yet,
Until with greater honours I be graced.
1

\Exeunt.

Shore

:

Fr. plage.

ACT THE FIFTH.
SCENE
Enter
I.

the Governor of Damascus, with several Citizens, and four Virgins, having branches of laurel in their
ha?ids.

;0V.

Still

doth

this

man, or rather god

of war.

Batter our walls and beat our turrets

down

;

And

to resist with

longer stubborn-

ness

Or hope of rescue from the Soldan's power, Were but to bring our wilful overthrow, And make us desperate of our threatened lives. We see his tents have now been altered
With terrors to the last and cruellest hue. His coal-black colours everywhere advanced,
Threaten our
city with

a general spoil
rites of

And

if

we should with common

arms

Otfer our safeties to his clemency,
I fear the custom, proper to his sword,

Which he

observes as parcel of his fame.
terrify

Intending so to

the world,

By any innovation

or remorse
lill

Will never be dispensed with

our deaths

SCENE

I.]

PART THE

FIRST.

69

Therefore, for these our harmless virgins' sakes,

Whose honours and whose

lives rely

on him,

Let us have hope that their unspotted prayers, Their blubbered' cheeks, and hearty, humble moans,
Will melt his fury into

some remorse,

'-^

And

use us like a loving conqueror.
If

\st Virg.

humble

suits or imprecations,'

(Uttered with tears of wretchedness and blood

Some made your

Shed from the heads and hearts of all our sex, wives and some your children) Might have entreated your obdurate breasts

To

entertain

some care of our

securities
walls.

Whiles only danger beat upon our

These more than dangerous warrants of our death

Had

never been erected as they be,
helps as we.

Nor you depend on such weak
Our

Gov. Well, lovely virgins, think our country's care,
love of honour, loath to be inthralled

To

foreign powers

and rough imperious yokes,

Would not
(Before
all

with too

much cowardice

or fear,

hope of rescue were denied)
to servitude.

Submit yourselves and us

Therefore in that your safeties and our own,

Your honours,
Endure

liberties,

and

lives

were weighed

In equal care and balance with our own.
as we the malice of our stars. The wrath of Tamburlaine and power of wars j Or be the means the overweighing heavens Have kept to qualify these hot extremes.

And

bring us pardon in your cheerful looks.
Virg.

2nd

Then here

before the majesty of

Heaven

And
*

holy patrons of ^gyptia,
formerly conveyed no kind of ludicrous impression.
^

The word
Pity.

*

Prayers.

70

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.
hearts submissive

[act

v.

With knees and That
this

we entreat

Grace to our words and pity to our looks
device

may prove

propitious,

And

through the eyes and ears of Tamburlaine
to his heart

Convey events of mercy

Grant that these signs of victory we yield May bind the temples of his conquering head,

To hide the folded furrows of his brows. And shadow his displeased countenance
With happy looks of ruth and lenity. Leave us, my lord, and loving countrymen
;

What

simple virgins

may

persuade,

we

will.

Gov. Farewell, sweet virgins, on whose safe return

Depends our
\_Exeunt

city, liberty,

and

lives.
;

Governor and

Citizens

the Virgins ranain.

Enter Tamburlaine, all in black and very melancholy, Techelles, Theridamas, Usumcasane, with others. Tamb. What, are the
Alas, poor fools
1

turtles frayed out of their nests ?

must you be first shall feel The sworn destruction of Damascus? They knew my custom could they not as well
;

when first my milk-white flags. Through which sweet Mercy threw her gentle beams,

Have

sent ye out,

Reflexing them on your disdainful eyes, As now, when fury and incensed hate
Flings slaughtering terror from

my

coal-black tents,

And

tells for

truth submission

1st

Virg. earth,

comes too late ? Most happy King and Emperor of the

Image of honour and nobility, For whom the powers divine have made the world, And on whose throne the holy Graces sit; In whose sweet person is comprised the sum

SCENE

I.]

PART THE
skill
!

FIRST.

71

Of Nature's

Pity our plights

and heavenly majesty; O pity poor Damascus

!

Pity old age, within whose silver hairs

Honour and

reverence evermore have reigned

!

Pity the marriage bed, where

many

a lord.

In prime and glory of his loving joy, Embraceth now with tears of ruth and blood The jealous body of his fearful wife. Whose cheeks and hearts so punished with conceit,

To

think thy puissant', never-stayed arm.

Will part their bodies, and prevent their souls

From heavens of comfort yet their age might Now wax all pale and withered to the death, As well for grief our ruthless governor Hath thus refused the mercy of thy hand,
(Whose sceptre angels kiss and furies dread,) As for their liberties, their loves, or lives O then for these, and such as we ourselves, For us, our infants, and for all our bloods.
!

bear,

That never nourished thought against thy Pity, O pity, sacred Emperor,

rule,

The

prostrate service of this wretched town,

And

take in sign thereof this gilded wreath

;

Whereto each man of rule hath given his hand, And wished, as worthy subjects, happy means

To be

investers of thy royal brows
!

Even with the

true Egyptian diadem Tamb. Virgins, in vain you labour to prevent That which mine honour swears shall be performed.

Behold
\st

my
Virg.

sword

!

what see you
fear,

at the point ?
fatal steel,

Nothing but
fearful

and

my lord.
;

Tamb. Your

minds are thick and misty then
there
sits

For there

sits

Death

;

imperious Death

Keeping

his circuit

by the

slicing edge.

Btdlen. I will not spare these proud Egj^ptians. " An antidote distilled from poisons. Sitting in scarlet Virgins. Away with them. [Exeunt fair is all except ! Tamburlaine. ' fear to see thy kingly father's harm. And And. and show them Death. my lord. I [act v. Death. Or for the love of Venus. A sight as baneful to their souls. Ah. That in thy passion'^ for thy country's love. virgins Death ? and on Damascus' walls What. AVith hair dishevelled wip'st thy watery cheeks like to Flora in her morning pride. Sorrow. Fair my lords. I say. and show my servant. I think. put the rest to the sword. Have As hoisted up their slaughtered carcases. death. And know my customs are as peremptory As wrathful planets. Re-enter Techelles. their points his fleshless body feeds. ^ : are Thessalian drugs or mithridate But go.72 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. O pity us Tamh. would she leave The angry god of arms and lie with me. or destiny. . Zenocrate ! —divine Zenocrate too foul an epithet for thee. They have. • Nor change my For all martial observations the wealth of Gihon's golden waves. \_The Virgins are taken out. He now And on To is my horsemen's spears. They have refused the offer of their lives. Techelles. straight go charge a few of them charge these dames. have your horsemen shown the Tech. But am pleased you shall not see him there seated on . Tamb. . on their ! arm^d spears.

SCENE I. Wherein. the means and the end. Where Beauty. then ? If all the pens that ever poets held Had And fed the feeling of their masters' thoughts. What is beauty. For Egypt's freedom. Rain'st on the earth resolved pearl in showers.] PART THE FIRST. we perceive highest reaches of a human wit *' ^ vSwinburne has written of the lines which follow the above In the most glorious verses ever fashioned by a poet to express with subtle and final truth the supreme aim and the supreme limit of his art. Their minds. Taking instructions from thy flowing eyes Eyes that. the planets. Marlowe has summed up all that can be said or thought on the office and the object. of this highest form of : spiritual ambition. in the mantle of the richest night. In silence of thy solemn evening's walk. every sweetness that inspired their hearls. soul. And sprinklest sapphires on thy shining face." 2 i.e. Distil. Jight armours fight There angels in their crystal A doubtful battle with my tempted thoughts life . and muses on admired themes If all the heavenly quintessence they still From The their immortal flowers of poesy. Whose sorrows lay more siege unto my Than all my army to Damascus' walls : And neither Persia's sovereign. when Ebena steps to Heaven. and the meteors. 73 Shaking her silver tresses in the air. The moon. . saith my sufferings.. Make. as in a mirror. . sits And comments volumes with her ivory pen. mother to the Muses. and the Soldan's His life that so consumes Zenocrate. nor the Turk Troubled my senses with conceit of foil So much by much as doth Zenocrate.

combined in beauty's worthiness. I thus of valour. Must needs have beauty beat on his conceits : conceiving and subduing both chiefest of the gods. To feel the lowly warmth of shepherds' flames. one grace. one wonder.E/z/^rTECHELLES. Theridamas. Tamb. That which hath stooped the Even from the fiery-spangled veil of Heaven. Bring him forth and let us know if the town be ransacked. The town is ours. Shall give the world to note for all my birth. And One had made one poem's period. With whose man is touched And every warrior that wrapt with love Of fame. fed to-day ? my lord. Ay. My discipline of arms and chivalry. That's well. my lord. and fresh supply Of conquest and of spoil is offered us. Hath Bajazeth been Atten. and the terror of my name. And mask in cottages of strowed reeds. Techelles . . and of victory.74 If these TAMDURLAINE THE GREAT. And fashions men with true nobility. {Exeunt Attendants. Which into words no virtue can digest. . what's the news ? . Tamb. To harbour thoughts effeminate and instinct the soul of is faint Save only that in beauty's just applause. My nature. Yet should there hover in their restless heads thought. But how unseemly is it for my sex. That virtue solely is the sum of glory. UsuMCASANE. at the least. Who's within there ? Enter Attendants. all [act v. and othevs Tech.

SCENE I. ! Making thee mount as high as eagles soar Zab. Pray for us. As if there were no way but one with us. is We know the victory ours. my masters. my life. Tamb. Let all the swords and lances in the field Stick in his breast as in their proper ^ rooms 1 /. I warrant thee. You hope and restitution ? Here let him stay. The Soldan and tlie Arabian king together. forked arrows light upon thy horse Furies from the black Cocytus lake. from the tents. . and with their firebrands ! Enforce thee run upon the baneful pikes Volleys of shot pierce through thy charmed skin. For sweet Zenocrate.folloiued by Zabina. and Persians. never to return with victory. Till we have made us ready for the field. Go. if I lose the field. Ther. Baj. As if we must lose our lives. roaring cannons sever thy joints. Millions of men encompass thee about. whose worthiness Deserves a conquest over every heart. And now. Attendants bring in Bajazeth in his cage. March on us with such eager violence. That we chiefly see unto.* Tamb. Theridamas.] PART THE FIRST. my footstool. And every bullet dipt in poisoned drugs all ! Or. Techelles. And gore thy body with as many wounds ! Sharp. of liberty . 75 Tech. Techelles. Bajazeth we are going. No more there is not. lord ' But let us save the reverend Soldan's For fair Zenocrate that so laments his will state. the}i exeunt. \_Excunt Tamburlaine. e. UsumCASANE. Break up the earth.

Gape and let the fiends infernal view A and as full of fear As are the blasted banks of Ji^rebus. hell as hopeless Where shaking ghosts with ever-howling groans Hover about the ugly ferryman. Which fills the nooks of hell with standing air. With shame.76 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. O life. Vomit. Infecting all the ghosts with cureless griefs ! O dreary engines of 1 my loathed sight. earth. That lingering pains may massacre his heart. all That In the world will see and laugh to scorn The former triumphs this of our mightiness ? obscure infernal servitude Baj. To get a passage to Elysium ! Why should we live ? O. Why live we. Ah. Bajazeth. Then no is there No To fiend. the earth for anger quake : hath influence on his sword. At every pore let blood come dropping forth. As rules the skies and countermands the gods More than Cimmerian Styx or destiny And then shall we in this detested guise. And have no hope to end our ecstasies. more loathsome to my vexed thoughts Than noisome parbreak" of the Stygian snakes. Zab. fortune. and build up nests So high within the region of the air slaves ! By living long in this oppression. no God. wretches. Griping our bowels with retorqued' thoughts. And madness send his damnbd soul to hell Baj. nor no hope of end left our infcimous monstrous slaveries. no Mahomet. [act v. beggars. fair Zabina we may curse his power ! The heavens may But such a star frown. and with horror stay. . with hunger. '' Bent back.

That may be ministers of my decay. whose moaning intercourse Hath hitherto been stayed with wrath and hate Of our expressless banned inflictions. highest lamp of ever-living Jove. (That would with pity cheer Zabina's heart. Zab. and gripes the From whence Fetch the issues of ! my thoughts do break ! poor Zabina O my me queen my queen ! me some in the water for my burning breast. . abridge thy baneful days. Queen of fifteen contributory queens. whose words of ruth. To 1 cool and comfort with longer date.SCENF. disdain. Brought up and propped by the hand of fame. I. Smeared with blots of basest drudgery. And make our souls resolve^ in ceaseless tears root. Hide now thy * stained face in endless night. my honour. Accursed day ! infected with my griefs. I will prolong thy life. to Now And thrown rooms of black abjection. shame. Baj. As long as any blood or spark of breath Can quench or cool the torments of my grief. Now. villainess^ to Accursed Bajazeth.) Sharp hunger bites upon.] PART THE FIRST yj That see my crown. \^Exit. And beat thy brains out of thy conquered head. Why feed ye still on day's accursbd beams And sink not quite into my tortured soul ? You see my wife. That shortened sequel of forth my life may pour my soul into thine arms With words of love. O. and my name Thrust under yoke and thraldom of a thief". and emperess. Sweet Bajazeth. . my queen. and misery. all Since other means are forbidden me. Dissolve. 2 Slave. Bajazeth.

78 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. face — Tamburlaine. ball wild-fire it. The brains of Bajazeth. — Hell Death. wrapt in pitchy clouds. May still excruciate Then let resolved in liquid tormented thoughts the stony dart of senseless cold Pierce through the centre of my withered heart. Smother the earth with never-fading mists And let her horses from their nostrils breathe ! Rebellious winds and dreadful thunder-claps ! That in this terror Tamburlaine may his live. save speak —The sun was down — even him! — black — here — Fling streamers white. air. — Tamburlaine the meat be buried. my ! husband and my ! Bajazeth O Turk ! O Emperor I. ! in his ! soldiers ! ! chair. red. and bring him again. ! And my pined soul. shut the [act ! v.^ my — blood I Give him his liquor? not Bring milk and in fire. save Away Away — Ah. jewels. my lord and sovereign: lord ! O O Bajazeth. ! ! to ! ! ! ! that infant ! I. Tamburlaine. Engirt with tempests. here. to her. this passage in his mind when he my coach/' &c. —Tear me pieces—give my of upon — Down me the sword with a my child Away with him Down with him — Go save him. What do mine eyes behold ! ? my husband dashed dead ! His skull all riven in twain his brains out. Zah. life ! And make a passage for my loatht^d \He brains himself against Re-enter Zabina^ the cage. here. made Ophelia Shakespeare apparently had exclaim. . come ! I come ! I come ! \She runs against the cage ' and brains herself. " Come. Let the my Hell Make ready my coach. And windows of the lightsome heavens Let ugly Darkness with her rusty coach. I.

to see the sun-bright troop Of heavenly virgins and unspotted maids. see. the enemies of tales of my heart. How And are ye glutted with these grievous objects. wretched eyes. Thy The father's subjects and thy countrymen streets strowed with dissevered joints of bodies gasping yet for life : men And wounded But most accurst. That stampt on others with their thundering hoofs. Gazing upon the beauty of Ah Tamburlaine ! wert thou the cause of this That term'st Zenocrate thy dearest love ? Whose lives were dearer to Zenocrate Than her own life. ! And wet thy cheeks their untimely deaths Shake with weight in sign of fear and grief! Blush. nor Anippe. nor motion in them both. sense. their looks.] PART THE FIRST. Zeno. that gave them honour at their birth . (Whose looks might make the angry god of arms To break his sword and mildly treat of love) On horsemen's lances to be hoisted up And guiltlessly endure a cruel death . For every fell and stout Tartarian steed. they breathe or no. Ah. Anippe. tell my soul more if bleeding ruth ! See. Heaven. Ah. to check the ground and rein themselves. 79 Enter Zenocrate wilh Anippe. or aught save thine own But see another bloody spectacle ! love. cast up fountains from thy for their entrails. Earth. madam this their slavery hath enforced. No ! breath. And ruthless cruelty of Tamburlaine. Zeno.SCENE I. When Began all their riders charged their quivering spears. Wretched Zenocrate ! that liv'st to see Damascus' walls dyed with Egyptians' blood.

That she shall stay and turn her wheel no more. that in conduct of thy happy stars Sleep'st every night with conquests on thy brows. Comes now. the king. and be resolved Your love hath Fortune so at his command. And And them die a death so barbarous ! Those that are proud of fickle empery Emperess place their chiefest good in earthly pomp. what may chance Afiippe. Behold the Turk and his great Emperess ! Thou. your father. mighty Jove and holy Mahomet. a Messenger. as Turnus 'gainst ^neas did. his great ! Behold the Turk and Ah. What other heavy news now brings Philemus? Madam. let [act v. The first afifecter of your excellence. And yet would'st shun the wavering turns of war. content yourself. Pardon my love O. Phil. like distress ! In fear and feeling of the Behold the Turk and his great Emperess Ah. equally against his this great incensed ! Turk and hapless Emperess not And pardon me that was To see them live so long Ah. Ready for battle 'gainst my lord. and the Arabian king. Arm^d with lance into the Egyptian fields. .8o TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. moved ! with ruth in misery to thee. Zenocrate ? Madam. Enter Philemus. Tamburlaine ! my love ! sweet Tamburlaine ! That fight'st for sceptres and for slippery crowns. As long as life maintains his mighty arm That fights for honour to adorn your head. pardon his contempt ! — Of Be In earthly fortune let and respect of life pity. And not conquest. Z£no. ruthlessly pursued.

to end the Trojans' Prevented Turnus of Lavinia toil the world And So fatally enriched ^Eneas' love. Leaving thy blood Zeno. for a final issue to my griefs. of Arab. K. What cursed power guides the murdering hands Of this infkmous tyrant's soldiers. as the Powers divine have pre-ordained. Then. And makes my deeds infamous through But as the gods. Arabia. With happy safety of my fair father's life Send like defence of the Arabia. Now should duty. ! my lord. Behold Zenocrate Mar. as for thou bear'st these wretched arms. U . To pacify my country and my love Must Tamburlaine by their resistless pow'rs With virtue of a gentle victory Conclude a league of honour to my hope .] PART THE shame and I FIRST. And Even let Zenocrate's \\tx fair eyes behold That. for witness of thy love. Whom wish the duty from fatal victory When my poor And racked by pleasures are divided thus my cursed heart ? My father and my first-betrothed love Must fight against my life and present love Wherein the change I use condemns my faith. so for her thou diest in these arms. That no escape may save their enemies. Nor fortune keep themselves from victory ? Lie down. wounded to the death. Too deaf a witness for such love. love A thousand sorrows to my martyred soul. and fear present 8l Zeno.SCENE I. to the battle \Trumpets sound within : afterwards^ King i/ Arabia enters wounded. the cursed object.

82

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.
fortunes never mastered her griefs
in conceit, for thee,
;

[act

v.

Whose

Behold her wounded,

As much

as thy fair body is for me. K. of Arab. Then shall I die with Having beheld divine Zenocrate,

full,

contented heart.

Whose sight with joy would take away my life As now it bringeth sweetness to my wound. If I had not been wounded as I am.

Ah

!

that the deadly pangs I suifer now,

Would lend an hour's licence to my tongue, To make discourse of some sweet accidents Have chanced thy merits in this worthless bondage

;

And
Of
But,

that I might be privy to the state
;

thy deserved contentment, and thy love

making now a
all

virtue of thy sight,

To

drive

sorrow from

Since death denies

Deprived of care,

my fainting soul. me farther cause of joy. my heart with comfort dies,
\He
dies.

Since thy desired hand shall close mine eyes.
Re-enter

Tamburlaine, leading the Soldan, Techelles, Theridamas, Usumcasane, ivith others.

Tamb. Come, happy father of Zenocrate,

A

title

higher than thy Soldan's name.
right

Though my

hand have thus enthralled
fury of

thee,
;

Thy
She

princely daughter here shall set thee free
that hath

calmed the

my

sword.
of blood

Which had ere this been bathed in streams As vast and deep as Euphrates or Nile.
Z£no.

O

sight thrice

welcome

to

my

joyful soul,

To

see the king,

my

father, issue safe

From dangerous
Sold.

battle of

my

conquering love

!

Well met,

my

only dear Zenocrate,

Though

with the loss of Egypt and

my

crow

n.

SCENE

I.]

.

PART THE
I,

FIRST.

83

Tamb. 'Twas

my
all

lord, that got the victory,

And

therefore grieve not at your overthrow,
I shall

Since

render

into your hands,

And add more

strength to your dominions

Than ever yet confirmed the Egyptian crown. The god of war resigns his room to me, Meaning to make me general of the world
:

Jove, viewing

me

in arms, looks pale

and wan.
his throne.

Fearing

my
I

power should

pull

him from

Where'er

come

the Fatal Sisters sweat,

And grisly Death, by running to and fro, To do their ceaseless homage to my sword And here in Afric, where it seldom rains.
Since
I

;

arrived with

my

triumphant host,

Have
Been

swelling clouds,
oft

drawn from wide-gasping wounds.

resolved in bloody purple showers,
terrify the earth,

A

meteor that might
it

And make

quake
sit

at every

drop

it

drinks.

Millions of souls

on the banks of Styx

Waiting the back return of Charon's boat
Hell and Elysium swarm with ghosts of men.

That

I

have sent from sundry foughten

fields,

To spread my fame through hell and up to Heaven. And see, my lord, a sight of strange import, Emperors and kings lie breathless at my feet
The Turk and Have
his great

Empress, as

it

seems.

Left to themselves while

we were

at the fight,
:

desperately despatched their slavish lives
too, hath left his life
to grace
fit
:

With them Arabia, All sights of power

my

victory
;

And

such are objects
in

for

Tamburlaine
seen

Wherein, as

a mirror,

may be
in

His honour, that consists

shedding blood,
G 2

When men presume

to

manage arms with him.

84
Sold.

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.

[act v.

Mighty hath God and Mahomet made thy hand,
!

Renowned Tamburlaine to whom all kings Of force must yield their crowns and emperies And I am pleased with this my overthrow,
\{,

;

as

beseems a person of thy
state

state,

Thou

hast with honour used Zenocrate.

Tamb. Her

and person want no pomp, you see

;

And

for all blot of foul inchastity
:

I record Heaven her heavenly self is clear Then let me find no farther time to grace Her princely temples with the Persian crown.

But here these kings that on

my

fortunes wait,

And have been crowned
Even by
this

for j)roved worthiness,

hand

that shall establish them,

Shall now, adjoining all their

hands with mine,

Invest her here the

Queen

of Persia.

What

saith the
I yield

noble Soldan and Zenocrate
with thanks and protestations

Sold.

Of

endless honour to thee for her love.

Tamb. Then doubt
Zeno. Else should
T/ier.
I

I

not but

fair

Zenocrate

Will soon consent to satisfy us both.

much

forget myself,

my

lord.

Then

let

us set the crown

upon her head,

That long hath lingered for so high a seat. Tech. My hand is ready to perform the deed For now her marriage-time shall work us rest. Usum. And here's the crown, my lord ; help set Tamb. Then sit thou down, divine Zenocrate And here we crown thee Queen of Persia, And all the kingdoms and dominions That late the power of Tamburlaine subdued.
;

it

on.

As Juno, when the

giants were suppressed,

That darted mountains at her brother Jove, So looks my love, shadowing in her brows

SCENE

I.]

PART THE
for

FIRST.
victories

85

Triumphs and trophies

my

Or, as Latona's daughters, bent to arms,

Adding more courage

to

my

conquering mind.
of Asia,

To

gratify the sweet Zenocrate,

Egyptians, Moors, and

men

From Barbary unto

the western India,
:

Shall pay a yearly tribute to thy sire

And

from the bounds of Afric to the banks
shall his

Of Ganges

And now, my

lords

mighty arm extend. and loving followers,

That purchased kingdoms by your martial deeds. Cast off your armour, put on scarlet robes,

Mount up your

royal places of estate,

Environed with troops of noblemen,

And there make laws to rule your provinces. Hang up your weapons on Alcides' post,
For Tamburlaine takes truce with
all

the world.

Thy
Shall

first-betrothed Ipve, Arabia,

we with honour, as beseems, entomb With this great Turk and his fair Emperess. Then, after all these solemn exequies,

We

will

our

rites

of marriage solemnise.

W>Gt^

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.
Part the
Second.

THE PROLOGUE.
The general welcomes Tamburlaine received, When he arrived last upon the stage,
Hath made our poet pen his Second Part, Where death cuts ofif the progress of his pomp,

And murderous And
with

fates

throw
fair

all his

triumphs down.

But what became of

Zenocrate,

how many

cities' sacrifice

He

celebrated her sad funeral,
in

Himself

presence shall unfold at large.

DRAMATIS PERSONS.
Tamburlaine, King
of Persia.

^

Calyphas, \ His sons. / Amyras, Celebinus, ' Techklles, King of Fez. Theridamas, King of Argier. Usumcasane, King of Morocco. Orcanes, King of Natolia. King of Jerusalem. King of Trebizond.

King King

of Soria.^

of Amasia.

Gazellus, Viceroy of Byron. Uribassa. SiGlSMUND, King of Hungary, Frederick, „ Lords of Buda and Bohemia.

Baldwin,

1

Callapine, Son of Bajazeth.

Almeda,

his Keeper.
to Calyphas. Babylon.

Perdicas, Servant

Governor

of

Maximus. Captain of Balsera.
His Son.
Physicians.

Another Captain.
Lords, Citizens, Soldiers, &c.

Zenocrate, Wife of Tamburlaine. Olympia, Wife of the Captain of Balsera.
Turkish Concubines.
^

Cunningham and Bullen have

Syria,

and Dyce,

Soria.

The

latter points out that

has been

known

Tyre, since the Arab dominion in the East, as Sor ; hence Soria, which is several times referred

to in the play.

TAm^BUT^LAIU^E THE G^EAT.
Part the Second.
-ir%%^-

ACT THE
SCENE

FIRST.
I.

Enter Orcanes, King of Natalia, Gazellus, Viceroy of Byron, Uribassa, arid their Train, with drums and
trumpets.

RC. Egregious
parts,

viceroys of these eastern

Placed by the issue of great Bajazeth,

And
"\\'ho

sacred lord, the mighty Callapine,
lives in

Egypt, prisoner to that

slave

Which kept his father in an iron cage Now have we marched from fair Natolia
;

Two

hundred leagues, and on Danubius' banks

Our warlike host, in complete armour, rest. Where Sigismund, the king of Hungary,
Should meet our person
!

to

conclude a

truce.
?

What shall we parley with the Christian Or cross the stream, and meet him in the

field ?

93

TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.
Gaz. King of Natolia,
let us treat

[act

i.

of peace

;

We

are

all

glutted with the Christians' blood,
to fight against,

And

have a greater foe

Proud Tamburlaine, that, now in Asia, Near Guyron's head doth set his conq'ring feet, And means to fire Turkey as he goes. 'Gainst him, my lord, you must address your power. Uri. Besides, King Sigismund hath brought from
Christendom,

More than

his

camp

of stout Hungarians,

Sclavonians, Almain rutters,i Muffes, and Danes.

That with the
Ore.

halbert, lance,

and murdering
surety hold.

axe,

Will hazard that

we might with

Though from
tall

the shortest northern parallel,

Vast Grantland^ compassed with the Frozen Sea,
(Inhabited with

and sturdy men,

Giants as big as hugy Polypheme,)
Millions of soldiers cut the arctic line,

Bringing the strength of Europe to these arms,

Our Turkey blades

shall glide

through

all their throats,

And make

this

champion^ mead a bloody

fen.

Danubius' stream, that runs to Trebizon,
Shall carry, wrapt within his scarlet waves,

As martial presents to our friends at home. The slaughtered bodies of these Christians. The Terrene Main, wherein Danubius falls,*
Shall,

by

this battle,

be the Bloody Sea.
of proud Italy

The wandering
Shall

sailors

meet those
fair

Christians, fleeting with the tide,

Beating in heaps against their argosies,

And make
^

Europe, mounted on her

bull,

• Greenland. ^ Champaign. Germ. Reiter. hardly necessary to remark that the Danube falls into the Black Sea, and not into the Mediterranean.

Troopers
It is

:

SCENE

I.]

PART THE SECOND.

91

Trapped with the wealth and riches of the world, Alight, and wear a woful mourning weed.
Gaz. Yet, stout Orcanes, Prorex of the world,

Since Tamburlaine hath mustered

all his

men,

Marching from Cairo northward with his camp. To Alexandria, and the frontier towns.

Meaning

to

make

a conquest of our land,

'Tis requisite to parley for a

peace

With Sigismund the King of Hungary,

And

save our forces for the hot assaults
Natolia.

Proud Tamburlaine intends

Ore. Viceroy of "Byron, wisely hast thou said.

My

realm, the centre of our empery.
lost, all

Once

Turkey would be overthrown,
cause the Christians shall have peace.

And

for that

Sclavonians, Almain rutters, Muffes, and Danes,

Fear' not Orcanes, but great Tamburlaine

;

Nor

he, but fortune, that hath

made him

great.

We

have revolted Grecians, Albanese,
Jews, Arabians, Turks, and Moors,

Sicilians,

Natolians, Syrians, black Egyptians,
Illyrians, Thraciacs,

and Bithynians,
encounter Tamburlaine.
field,

Enough

to swallow forceless Sigismund,
to

Yet scarce enough

He

brings a world of people to the
the oriental plage

From Scythia to Of India, where

raging Lantchidol'^

Beats on the regions with his boisterous blows,

All Asia

That never seaman yet discovered. is in arms with Tamburlaine,

Even from
'

the midst of fiery Cancer's tropic,

i.e..

Frighten.

^

Lantchidol

Java and

New

is that part of the Indian Ocean which YioW&nd.—Broug/iion.

lies

between

Waggons of gold were set before my Stampt with the princely fowl. . for as Romans . with our have crossed Danubius' stream. . Enter Sigismund.) peers. and offer war ? Vienna was besieged. I here present thee with a naked sword Wilt thou have war. Sigismund am he That with the cannon shook Vienna walls. tents. Then county palatine. As when the massy substance of the earth Quivers about the axle-tree of Heaven ? Forget'st thou that I sent a shower of darts. viceroy. the Christians must have peace. which basely on their knees your names desired a truce of Forget'st thou. Sent heralds out. All Afric is in arms with Tamburlaine . their drums and trumpets. Frederick. with Sig. thou And I will sheath to confirm the same.92 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. The King In all of Boheme. then shake this blade at If peace. restore it me . this. To Amazonia under Capricorn And thence as far as Archipelago. to it. and the Austric Duke. and I was there. Mingled with powdered skot and feathered steel. then county palatine. that to have me raise me? my siege. ? Carries the fearful thunderbolts of Jove How canst thou think of Sig. my ! hands again. We. (as our legates promised thee. Baldvi'in. Stay. peace or deadly war. used. Therefore. but now a king. and Train. [act i. the To treat of friendly Take which thou wilt. Orcanes. So thick upon the blink-eyed burghers' heads. that in her wings. That thou thyself. And made it dance upon the continent. forget'st I Ore.

and seems as vast and wide. let peace be ratified ' \ — I On these conditions. Fred. Sigismund. to the same intent. confirm with an oath. or it. from Europe.] PART THE SECOND. Sig. and stand not upon terms. And we \Vhich if your general refuse or scorn. if Sigismund Speak as a friend. . But whilst Ore. treat of peace with the Natolian king. So prest are we but yet. I solemnly protest And vow to keep this peace inviolable. Ore. it But. By him soul. We A came from Turkey And not to dare each other to the friendly parley might become you both. Drawn Sig. our men stand in array. manage arms Against thyself or thy confederates. And Or me should stoop so low. Orcanes. 93 And what we But now. ' • Ready. specified before. And swear in sight of Heaven and by thy Christ. That hides these plains. Ready to charge you ere you stir your feet. did was in extremity. view my royal host. Gaz. P'r. As doth the desert of Arabia To those that stand on Bagdet's lofty tower Or as the ocean. that made the world and saved my The Son of God and issue of a Maid. to confirm a league. I live will be a truce with thee.SCENE I. field. to the traveller rests tell That upon the snowy Apennines whether I . Sweet Jesus Christ. Our tents are pitched. Then here to sheathe Never draw it out. with advice of our ambassadors. and give thee my hand. Kings of Natolia and of Hungary. pret. Here is his sword.

. mounted up the air. when I war. each shall retain a As memorable witness of our league. stout lanciers of And backed by Ore. scroll Signed with our hands. the friend of God. TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. thank thee. glorious body. quick retreat If any heathen potentate or king will Invade Natolia. Now. sound a am I feared among all nations. Closed in a when he left the world. And Come. Mecca's temple-roof. Sig. stay my coming 'gainst proud Tamburlaine. Sigismund send A hundred thousand horse trained to the war. and Greece. And hung on I stately swear to keep this truce inviolable Of whose conditions and our solemn oaths. Friend Sigismund. So And they will. Sigismund. coffin [act i. Send word. Africa. By sacred Mahomet. trembling.94 Ore. while. and peers of Hungary. . banquet and carouse with us a then depart we to our territories. Sigismund standard and . but. Whose Whose holy Alcoran remains with us. Follow my let my thundering drums. [Exeunt . Orcanes of Natolia Confirmed this league beyond Danubius' stream. if any Christian king Encroach upon the confines of thy realm. I Germany. I'he strength and sinews of the Imperial seat. I will us go and banquet in our tents despatch chief of my army hence To To fair Natolia and to Trebizon. All Asia Minor. Come.

but he whose wrath is death. were I now but half so eloquent I'll To 1 paint in words what perform in deeds.] PART THE SECOND. what of this ? By Cairo runs to Alexandria bay lies Darote's streams. I tell you. A little farther. sir. We quickly may in Turkish seas Then shalt thou see a their knees. would'st depart from hence with me. Call. Aim. Ah. gentle Almeda. will hoist up sail. Cyprus and of Crete. No speech to that end. Call. I pity it. Call. by your favour. Where. Well. My sovereign lord. Waiting my coming to the river side. sir. sir. arrive. Call. wherein at anchor A Turkish galley of my royal fleet. Forbids you farther liberty than Call. pity the ruthful plight Of Callapine. this. SCENE 95 II. bid me welcome home. Sweet Almeda. of burnished gold. my gentle Almeda. his Keeper. By Cairo runs Aim. No talk of running.SCENE II. Hoping by some means I shall be released. the son of Bajazeth. Aim. all Upon hundred kings and more. Amongst so many crowns . renowned Tamburlaine. Yet here detained by cruel Tamburlaine. when I come aboard. And soon put forth into the Terrene 'twixt the isles of sea. My lord. know thou Al/n. Aim. Enter Callapine with Almeda. Born to be monarch of the western world. and with all my heart A\'ish you release . Which. Call. Yet hear me speak. for all Afric : Not therefore move me not.

Betwixt the hollow hanging of a hill. clothed in crimson silk. I like Aim. would you be good ? as your word ? made a king for my labour • Musi. my lord. Descendeth downward to the Antipodes. Call. sails lies wrapt up. scarce half a league from hence. which shine that fair veil that covers all the world. Shall ride before thee on Barbarian steeds And when thou goest. And bring armados from the coasts of Spain Fraughted with gold of rich America The Grecian Skilful in virgins shall attend in on girl thee. And The She let crooked bending of a craggy rock. A thousand galleys. if I should shall I you go. . a golden canopy Enchased with precious stones. all [act 1.96 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. manned with Christian slaves. — Aim. And as thou rid'st in triumph through the streets The pavement underneath thy chariot wheels With Turkey carpets shall be covered. which shall cut the Straits. as bright As When Phoebus. say you ? Sweet Almeda. the mast and tacklings down. leaping from the hemisphere. And more than this for all I cannot tell. . be that well : but as tell me. As Or fair as was Pygmalion's ivory shall thy lovely lo metamorphosed. wilt. A hundred bassoes. Aim. so close that none can find her out. Fit objects for thy princely eye to pierce. But need^ we not be spied going aboard? Call. I freely give thee. Choose which thou are at thy command . How far hence lies the galley. With naked negroes coach be drawn. music and amorous lays. And cloth of Arras hung about the walls.

Then here I swear. Abn. \Exeunt. H . Call. and lingering let^ . us both. and their three Sons. III. Now go revenge my father's death. eye. Zenocrate. And clothe in a crystal livery Now rest thee here on fair Larissa plains. Tamb. Thanks. Whose cheerful looks it do clear the cloudy air. Now. SCENE Etiter III. Mar. and Celebinus. and be my mate. When you Even I to will. my and lord I am ready. the world's fair Whose beams illuminate the lamps of Heaven. And every one commander Zeno. And die before I brought you back again. as I am Almeda Your keeper under Tamburlaine the Great. that be emperors. straight farewell.SCENE Call. when wilt thou leave these arms. I Yet would venture to conduct your grace. Calyphas. . Lest time be past. Where Egypt and the Turkish empire part shall Between thy sons. with drums and trumpets. .) Although he sent a thousand armed men To intercept this haughty enterprise. 1 Hinder. gentle Almeda . I 97 As the am Callapine the Emperor. Call. Tamburlaine. cursed Tamburlaine.] PART THE SECOND. And by Thou shalt hand of Mahomet I swear be crowned a king. (For that's the style and title I have yet. then let us haste. of a world. Amvras. Sweet Tamburlaine. Aim. bright Zenocrate.

. When Heaven shall cease to move on both march. That never looked on man but Tamburlaine. Not long ago bestrid a Scythian steed. [act I. the youngest of the three. the poles. This lovely boy. And when And So. Than all the wealthy kingdoms I subdued. my sons. think them bastards not they issued from thy my womb sons. Which when he * tainted - with his slender rod. my sweet Zenocrate. : But yet methinks their looks are amorous. and tilting at a glove. they have their mother's looks. Their legs to dance and caper in the air. But when they list their conquering father's heart. this line. ^ BuUen (following Cunningham) omitted Touched. now she pomp and When more precious in mine eyes. being symbolised in one.98 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. My gracious lord.^ Would make me But that I know Zeno. look on their mother's face these. Sit up. And And dangerous chances of the wrathful war ? Tamb. Their fingers made to quaver on a Their arms to hang about a lady's neck. save thy sacred person free from scathe. Trotting the ring. not before. Placed by her side. and rest thee like sits in a lovely queen majesty. whereon my soldiers Shall rise aloft and touch the hornbd moon. Argue their want of courage and of wit Their hair as white as milk and soft as down. (Which should be like the quills of porcupines As black as jet and hard as iron or steel) Bewrays they are too dainty for the wars lute. : Not martial -as the sons of Tamburlaine Water and air. the ground.

They enough to conquer all the world. Bastardly boy. Be thou the scourge and terror of the world.SCENE III. Amy. And you have won enough for me Tamb. Well done. These words assure me. boy. Thou shalt not have a foot unless thou bear A mind courageous and invincible : H 2 . 99 He As reined him straight and I cried out for fear he should have Tamb. fallen. helm. As all the world shall tremble at their view. art Tamb. thou When I am old and cannot manage arms. my boy. Why may not I. my me accompany my gracious mother are lord. Of all the provinces I have subdued. Let But while my brothers follow arms. sprung from some coward's And not the issue of great Tamburlaine . my son. if I live. be king before them. as well as he. Or else you are not sons of Tamburlaine. Thou Cel.] PART THE SECOND. Be all a scourge and terror to the world. lance. and curtle-axe. Keeping If thou in iron cages emperors. Thou shalt be made a king and reign with me. and thy seed Shall issue crowned from : their mother's shall see womb. Have under me as many kings as you. Be termed the scourge and terror of the world ? Tamb. made him so curvet. horse. Yes. to keep. harmless run among the deadly pikes. And And how to charge thy foe. And march with such a multitude of men. loins. exceed thy elder brothers' worth And shine in complete virtue shalt more than they. I will teach thee If thou wilt love the wars and follow me. my lord. Cal. thou shalt have shield and Armour of proof. father you me.

And I would strive to swim through pools of blood. such speeches to our princely sons Dismay their minds before they come to prove The wounding troubles angry war affords. if you mean to wear a crown. or I'll cleave For we will march against them presently. whose breast most wounds. that My lord. I will strike And him to the channel^ with my sword. these are speeches fit for us. Theridamas. Hold him. Tamb. Techelles. snatch it from his head. Or make a bridge of murdered carcases. madam. shall [act i. whose superficies Is covered with a liquid purple veil And sprinkled with the brains of slaughtered men. If Cal. Stretching your conquering arms from East to West j And. chair of state shall be advanced My royal And he Zeno. Which being wroth sends lightning from his eyes. and cleave him too. sirrah. . Well. For I if his chair were in a sea of blood sail to it. Amy. means to place himself therein. any man will hold him. Collar-bone. death. No. and cruelty For in a field.loo TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. And in the furrows of his frowning brows Harbours revenge. and Casane cleave ' thee. Cel. Tamb. ye shall be emperors both. Must armed wade up to the chin in blood. And cleave his pericranium with thy sword. lovely boys. I would lose the title of a king. Whose arches should be framed with bones of Turks. For he wear the crown of Persia Whose head hath deepest scars. would prepare a ship and I Ere would lose the title of a king. Ere When we shall meet the Turkish deputy And all his viceroys. war.

And batter down the castles on the shore. Zenocrate . Well said. Will quickly ride before Natolia. . Under my colours march ten thousand Greeks . Argier. In all affection at thy kingly feet. Enter Techelles and Usumcasane Tamb. Enter Theridamas and his Train. My lord. Twice twenty thousand All which have sworn to sack Natolia. the great and mighty Tamburlaine. with drums and trumpets. Thanks. Tamb. Meet for your service on the sea. my lord. Kings of Moroccus and of Fez. Theridamas. good Theridamas. welcome. they come. Tamb. Usum. unpeopled 1 A maritime town of MoroccQ. together. Five hundred brigandines are under sail.] PART THE SECOND. Tamb. And of Argier's and Afric's frontier towns valiant men-at-arms. loi Promised to meet me on Larissa plains With hosts apiece against this Turkish crew For I have sworn by sacred Mahomet To make it parcel of my empery The trumpets sound. Argier receive thy crown agnin. : A hundred Is Barbary From Azamor ^ Tunis near the sea for thy sake. King of Ther. I offer here My crown.SCENE III. . Welcome. Magnificent and peerless Tamburlaine ! I and my neighbour King of Fez have brought thousand expert soldiers to To aid thee in this Turkish expedition. That launching from Argier to Tripoli. myself. Arch monarch of the world. Ther. and all the power I have.

is situated southward of the Barbary State?- . loving friends. Tamb. he should be overcome. Jove hell And quake Meaning for fear. To It see the state and I might enter in and majesty of Heaven. Tamb. If all the crystal gates of Jove's high court again. as if infernal to aid thee in these Turkish arms. Thanks. And. That though the' stones. could not more delight will me than your sight. Which with my crown I gladly offer thee. and fellow kings. an impregnable village of Morocco. Biledulgerid (the land of dates). faces make their foes retire. And the men in armour under me. lies to the south of Mogador. ' Tesella. Whose looks make this inferior world to quake. . Such lavish will I make of Turkish blood. Should pierce the black circumference of With ugly Furies bearing fiery flags. fall. i. Were opened wide. Now And we banquet on march to these plains awhile. and Biledull. after Turkey with our camp. Tech. From strong Tesella unto Biledull is ^ All Barbary unpeopled for thy sake. Thanks. all [act I. King of Fez take here thy crown Your presence. . In number more than are the drops that When Boreas rents a thousand And proud Orcanes of Natolia swelling clouds With all his viceroys shall be so afraid. now Tesegdelt. our earthly god. And with an host of coal-black Whose Moors trained to the war. I here present thee with the crown of Fez. as at Deucalion's flood. mighty Tamburlaine. Makes me to surfeit in conceiving joy.T02 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. King of Moroccus. Were turned to men. take your crown again. And millions of his strong tormenting spirits.e.

let me examine ye How have ye spent your absent time from me ? Usion. Called John the Great.^ a milk-white robe. Prester John. Whose triple mitre I did take by force. eastern part of Afric. From thence unto Cazates did I march. Where Amazonians met me in the field. And I have marched along the sits in river Nile To Machda. rivers The Ethiopian But neither Therefore 1 and lakes. And made Canaria call us kings and lords . since we left you at the Soldan's court. Casane. My lord. Or cease one day from war and hot alarms. I vouchsafed a league. ' We We have subdued the southern Guallatia. With whom. where the mighty Christian priest. Shall hide his head in Thetis' watery lap.SCENE III. I my course to Manico. And made him swear obedience to my crown. our men of Barbary have marched Four hundred miles with armour on their backs. shall. being women. kept the narrow Strait of Jubalter. And lain in leaguer fifteen months and more For. . where I viewed sea. my lord. Yet never did they recreate themselves. all man took nor child in the land . They Tech. And leave his steeds to fair Bootes' charge shall perish in this fight. For half the world But now. i' Tamb. . my friends. And therefore let them rest awhile. all And the land unto the coast of Spain . and 'tis time faith.] PART THE SECOND. ^ The camp of a besieging force. And The with my power did march to Zanzibar. shall 103 That Jove send his winged messenger the field 3 To bid me sheath my sword and leave The sun unable to sustain the sight.

a Greek colony in Scythia. Manica. and Codemia. banquet and carouse . Bornu. have pensions to provide us cates. let us banquet and carouse the whiles.e. Techelles. Yet shall my soldiers make no period.e. Lachryma Christi and Calabrian wines Cooks shall Shall common soldiers drink in quaffing bowls. at last to Cubar. is a Oblia. Ay. is now Stomogil on So called by Marco Polo. 3 The old name of the Black Sea. Where by the river Tyras I subdued Stoka. came to Oblia - And Nigra Sylva. where the negroes dwell. Olbia. and Thence crossed the sea and Codemia. that. Come. And glut us with the dainties of the world . And by came the coast of Byather.I04 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. confluent of the Bug. Podolia is a Russian province. Tamb. I [ACT i. Podolia. And I conquering made haste to Nubia. Unto Damasco. unresisted. the Bug. name Until Natolia kneel before your feet. From thence I crossed the gulf called by Mare Majore^ of the inhabitants. [Exeunt. took the king and led him bound in chains Avhere I stayed before. Tamb. the Which in despite of them. liquid gold (when we have conquered him) Mingled with coral and with orient pearl. Where I removed my camp . now Kodyma. is in the Mozambique territory by Byather supposed to have been meant. the Dniester. Biafra is an extensive 2 to the above places on Techelles' line of march. And thence I made a voyage into Europe. in the eastern part of Central Africa. kingdom Tyras is now . having sacked Borno the kingly seat. i. where the devils dance.e. Stoka is a confluent of the Danube. What saith Theridamas Ther. ^ There. Then will we triumph. i. I set on fire. Manico. I left the confines and the bounds of Afric. 1 With regard i. while Borno. is . Well done.

advantages of time and power. in Transylvania. massacred our camp. Probably Armenyes. Frederick. my is it lords of Buda and Bohemia. Baldwin. Enter Sigismund. It resteth all now. not long since. Natolia hath dismissed the greatest part Of all his army. Betwixt Cutheia and Orminius' mount. SCENE Train. And work That Your highness knows. that inflames your And Fred. have. arms ? Your majesty remembers. strikes a terror to all Turkish hearts.ACT THE SECOND. Now say. for Tamburlaine's repair. then. What cruel slaughter of our Christian bloods These heathenish Turks and Pagans lately made. that your majesty revenge upon these infidels. Betwixt the city Zula and Danubius How through the midst of Varna and Bulgaria. What motion thoughts. I am sure. . stirs your valours to such sudden .' And sent them marching up ^ to Belgasar. And They Take almost to the very walls of Rome. atid their IG. pitched against our power. I.

[act ii. But as the Is not which they profanely plight. And calling Christ for record of our truths ? This should be treachery and violence Against the grace of our profession. holy laws»of Christendom enjoin faith.' Antioch. To stand so strictly on dispensive faith And should we lose the opportunity That God hath given to venge our Christians' ' death Query Acanthus. . 'tis Fred. Religious. That dare attempt to war with Christians. strength to our security. We may discourage all the pagan troop.io6 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. In No whit. issue suddenly upon the in the fortune of their overthrow. infringe Though I confess the oaths they undertake Breed little Yet those infirmities that thus defame Their faiths. Sig. for with such whom no faith nor true religion rests. and inviolate. Sig. To and Jerusalem. Our faiths are sound. are not infidels. near Mount Athos. by necessary policy esteemed assurance for ourselves. But calls not then your grace to memory The league we lately made with King Orcanes. We The bound to those accomplishments . and Caesarea. and must be consummate. Should not give us presumption to the like. Confirmed by oath and articles of peace. my lord. their honours. Acantha. Bald. then. rest Now And That my lord. To be So that we vow to them should not Our liberty of arms or victory. righteous. Assure your grace superstition . aid the Kings of Soria. and their religion. advantage take thereof.

And with the thunder of his martial tools Makes earthquakes in the hearts of men and Heaven. An hundred kings. Giving commandment to our general host. And jealous anger of His fearful arm. T07 And As scourge their foul blasphemous Paganism. Gazellus. Then arm. And hundred thousands subjects to each score. Yet should our courages and steeled .SCENE II. If we neglect this offered victory. That nigh Larissa sways a mighty host. And In fall as thick as hail upon our heads. Enler Orcanes. Gaz. to fell That would not So surely kill and curse at God's command. by scores. SCENE Trains. and issue suddenly. fair Natolia. And take the victory our God hath given. Now To will we march from proud Orminius' mount. Uribassa.] PART THE SECOND. crests. will bid him arms. and the rest. where our neighbour kings Expect our power and our royal presence. Which. Be poured with rigour on our sinful heads. and Uribassa. And now come we to make his sinews shake. \Exeunt. With expedition to assail the Pagan. Balaam. With greater power than erst his pride hath felt. Gazellus. Ore. with their and the rest. if a shower of wounding thunderbolts Should break out of the bowels of the clouds. II. will the vengeance of the Highest. to Saul. Sig. To encounter with the cruel Tamburlaine. my lords. partial aid of that proud Scythian.

And If hath the power of his outstretched arm ." was the boast of the French at the battle of Nicopolis. if figure of the highest God ! there be a Christ. Mess. Taking advantage of your slender power. Can there be such deceit in Christians. Arm. He by his Christ. Oic. Christ Ore. and determines straight To bid us battle for our dearest ! lives. and my noble lords The treacherous army of the Christians. we'll uphold it on our lances. \ able to withstand and conquer him. Traitors villains ! damnbd Christians ! Have I not here the articles of peace. the fleshly heart of man. is Or treason in Whose shape Then. as Christians say. dread sovereign. . If he be son to everliving Jove. at which Sigismuncl was defeated by Bajazet. of men. Hell and confusion light upon their heads. That with such treason seek our overthrow. And care so little for their prophet. Methinks I see how glad the Christian king Is made. As is our holy prophet. . than infinite. • Enter a Messenger. for joy of your admitted truce. Comes marching on us. That could not but before be terrified With unacquainted power of our host.io8 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. And solemn covenants we have both confirmed. and I by Mahomet ? Gaz. And numbers. But in their deeds deny him for their Christ. If the sky fall. Mahomet Take here these papers as our sacrifice And ^ witness of thy servant's perjurj'. more Be Uri. \He " tears to pieces the articles of peace. [act ii. he be jealous of his name and honour.

To arms. ! Behold and venge this traitor's perjury Thou Christ. life ! let this Conceive a second in endless mercy ! [He dies. End And my mortal well-deserved wound.) Sufficient to discomfort and confound The trustless force of those false Christians.SCENE III. veil 109 Open. If thou wilt prove thyself a perfect God.] PART THE SECOND. SCENE Alarms of battle Sig. the Christian host. Be now revenged upon this traitor's soul And make the power I have left behind. — E/itcr Sigismund. just and dreadful punisher of Let the dishonour of the pains In this all I feel. III. But everywhere fills every continent With strange infusion of his sacred vigour. wit/iifi. ' May in his endless power and purity. sin. that art esteemed omnipotent. my accursed and hateful perjury. Discomfited is all And God For hath thundered vengeance from on high. O. Nor in one place is circumscriptible. my penance in my sudden death death. we shall have victory. wherein to sin I die. Worthy the worship of all faithful hearts. (Too little to defend our guiltless lives. wounded. my lords ! On Christ still let us cry ! If there be Christ. And make a passage from the empyreal Heaven. . thou shining of Cynthia. That he that sits on high and never sleeps.

. is often proved a miracle. Ore. Shall lead his soul through Orcus' burning gulf. upon the baneful tree of hell. Bloody and breathless Ore.^ that fruit of bitterness. end. And And since this miscreant hath disgraced his faith. Yet flourishes as Flora in her pride. others. Now lie the Christians bathing in their bloods.no TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. injury. to his foil Which we referred to justice of his Christ. friend. for his villany. That in the midst of fire is ingraffed. and [ACT ii. my lord. Now And scalds his soul in the Tartarian streams. Gazellus. 37. Whose power Ore. in chains of quenchless flame. whose change shall never What say'st thou yet. Uribassa. With apples like the heads of damned fiends. which here appears as full As rays of Cynthia to the clearest sight ? Gaz. give * it straight in charge. chap. Go. feeds The devils there. From pain to pain. died a traitor both to Heaven and shall earth. And Christ or Mahomet hath been my traitor Gaz. That Zoacum. and all the winds shall breathe Through shady leaves of every senseless tree Murmurs and hisses for his heinous sin. his trunk We will both watch and ward keep Amidst these plains for fowls to prey upon. See here the perjured Hungary. Uribassa. Now shall his barbarous body be a prey To beasts and fowls. Enter Orcanes. Yet in my thoughts shall Christ be honoured. Not doing Mahomet an Whose power had share in this our victory . is The description of this tree taken from the Koran. And to his power. 'Tis but the fortune of the wars. Gazellus.

sentinels to warn the immortal souls To entertain divine Zenocrate. Now As walk the angels on the walls of Heaven. And now. Uri. I will. SCENE IV. And tempered every soul with lively heat. to darken earth with endless night. Now by the malice of the angry jealousy admits Whose Draws no second mate. and for foul disgrace. Techelles. Cynthia. with Tamburlaine sitting by her. He binds his temples with a frowning cloud. Black is the beauty of the brightest day The golden ball of Heaven's eternal silver fire. Tamb. and her three Sons. Around are TheriDAMAS. Zenocrate is discovered lying in her bed of state. now let us celebrate Our happy conquest and his angry fate. Now And wants the all fuel that inflamed his beams . Ore. Trebizond. and the ceaseless lamps That gently looked upon this loathsome earth. [^Exeunt. my lord. and our brothers of Jerusalem. Of Soria. Apollo. let in \_Exit. and Amasia. life. Usumcasane.] PART THE SECOND. with full Of Greekish wine. with faintness. Gazellus. in the comfort of her latest breath. Natolian bowls And happily. that gave him light and Whose eyes shot fire from their ivory bowers skies. . That danced with glory on the waves. All dazzled with the hellish mists of death. About her bed are three Physicians tempering potiotis. Ready Zenocrate. us haste and meet Our army.SCENE IV.

Tell me. opposed and moon as dark one diameter. how Zeno. I fare. crystal springs. stars ! Phoebus and the fixed the sun in Whose absence makes As when. as other empresses. now no more. The God that tunes this music to our souls. ? Tamb. May never such a change transform In whose sweet being I my love. my fair lord. . Shine downward but deck the Heavens. when this frail and transitory flesh Hath sucked the measure of that vital air That feeds the body with his dated health. That. Tamb. Jlolds out his hand in highest majesty To entertain divine Zenocrate. Up As to the jDalace of th' empyreal this That my life may be as short to me ? : are the days of sweet Zenocrate. Phys.112 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. My lord. Their spheres are mounted on the serpent's head. my shall is soon perceive Zenocrate And if she pass this the worst fares past. That sing and play before the King of kings. will no physic do her good your majesty fit. repose my life. Whose heavenly Gives light to presence. taste illuminates sight. Physicians. To The Like Refined eyes with an eternal tritid silver. let Then some holy trance convey my thoughts Heaven. whose entertain divine Zenocrate. Use all their voices and their instruments To entertain divine Zenocrate. The cherubins and holy seraphins. run through Paradise. beautified with health. Wade with enforced and necessary change. [act ii. To entertain divine Zenocrate. And in this sweet and curious harmony.

And scourge the scourge of the immortal are those spheres. Sweet sons. With love and patience let your true love Your grief and fury hurts my second life. would break my me wretched breast. my present me my love . my ! death let my lord O. my lord. rest. \They and intolerable fit. Wounding the world with wonder and with love. . ! Some music. And of my lords. And But fury let would confound die. ! Or. Sadly supplied with pale and ghastly death. Live still. yet let die . die ! me die with kissing of my lord. my sovereign live And sooner let the fiery element in the sky. my love. my life is lengthened yet a while. whose true nobility Have merited my latest memory. and so conserve my life. Let me take leave of these my loving sons. Turned to despair. Tavib. And had she lived before the siege of Troy. Proud fury. Dissolve and make your kingdom I Than this base earth should shroud your majesty but suspect your death by mine. And hope to meet your highness in the Heavens. Live still.] PART THE SECOND. That dares torment the body of my love.SCENE IV. and my fit will cease. dying. Yet let me kiss my lord before I die. be the author of Zeno. his 113 Or else descended to winding train. Whose darts do pierce the centre of my soul. God : Now where Cupid used to sit. Her sacred beauty hath enchanted Heaven . For should The comfort of my future happiness. call for music. And let But since In death resemble me. farewell And in your lives your father's excellence.

draw thy sword And wound the earth. [act ii. What God Behold soever holds thee in his arms. Of every epigram ! or elegy. Helen (whose beauty summoned Greece to arms. Casane and Theridamas. for whose birth Old Rome was proud. Zenocrate What is she dead ? Techelles. 2 Cavalier is the word still used for a mound . p. and mad. Giving thee nectar and ambrosia. desperate. For amorous Jove hath snatched my love from hence. And we descend into the infernal vaults. Breaking my steeled lance. Batter the shining palace of the sun. as a horseman is raised Cunningham. For taking hence my fair Zenocrate. but gazed a while on her. And with And the cannon break the frame of Heaven . Nor Lesbia nor Corinna had been named Zenocrate had been the argument . that it may cleave in twain. To hale the Fatal Sisters by the hair. me here. And throw them in the triple moat of hell. " Doctor Faiistus" scene xiv. divine Zenocrate. Letting out Death and tyrannising War. Her name had been in every line he wrote. impatient. And drew a thousand ships to Tenedos)^ Had not been named in Homer's Iliad . shiver all the starry firmament. rusty 1 "Was this the face that launched a thousand ships?" See for cannons elevated above the rest of the works of a fortress. above a foot-soldier. \_The mtisic sounds. Raving.. Or had those wanton poets. 223. to arms ! Raise cavalieros ^ higher than the clouds. Meaning to make her stately queen of Heaven.U4 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. with which I burst The beams of Janus' temple-doors. — dies.

I 2 . murdered hearts have strained forth blood . Nothing prevails. Then in as rich a tomb as Mausolus' We As both will rest and have one epitaph Writ in as many several languages I have conquered kingdoms with will I this place my sword. Ah. sweet Theridamas ! Where'er her soul be. good my lord. ! . This cursed town consume with fire. but in a sheet of gold. yet let me think she lives. and Hve with me again Ther. body'] shalt stay with Embalmed Not with cassia. till And I die thou shalt not be interred. is my lord. our . thou [71? the me. If words might serve. be patient she is dead. And march about it with my mourning camp Drooping and pining for Zenocrate. Tamb. our voice hath rent the air If tears. Come down from Heaven.SCENE IV. And all this raging cannot make her live. will look as they mourned And here will I set up her statua. for she is dead. " For she soul dead ! " Thy words do pierce my say so no more Though she be dead. lapt in lead. ambergris.] PART THE SECOND. and myrrh. Ah. Because bereaved me of if my love : The houses. our eyes have watered all the earth If grief. burnt. ! 115 To march with me under this bloody flag And if thou pitiest Tamburlaine the Great. [ T/ie scene closes. And feed my mind that dies for want of her.

Carmania. and the him the sceptre. Long rest. cursed fate hath so dismembered ./^ bearing a and the other a sceptre . afid after him other <?/ the King others give Lords and Almeda. Illyria. Emperor of Turkey Thrice worthy kings of Natolia. after them enters Callapine. ^^S!~-~=^ i ' l^''lO=^ IL^ii " "? ^ ACT THE THIRD. Orcanes and Jerusalem croivn Callapine. Jerusalem. Emperor of NatoHa. otherwise heir to and successive his friend the late mighty emperor. Callapinus Cybelius. it. SCENE I. son Cyricelibes. Trebizond. imperial crown . RC. ^ ^^^^ yfA y^_^^^ r7 if-"''^ ' IS. Maho- met. and the I will requite your royal gratitudes With all the benefits my empire yields were the sinews of the imperial seat So knit and strengthened as when Bajazeth And My royal lord Whose and father filled the throne. ^^^^^^^ WM Enter Kings <?/" Trebtzond and Soria. Thracia. Bajazeth. (?.. Amasia. and all the hundred and thirty king- doms late contributory to his mighty ! father. Call. by the aid of God and Soria. live Callapinus. next Orcanes King of Natolia and the King of Jerusalem with the the sword.

in Scourging the pride of cursed Tamburlaine. Do us such honour and supremacy. who hath followed long The martial sword of mighty Tamburlaine. i. From all the cruelty my soul sustained. That Jove. And now Have I doubt not but your royal cares so provided for this cursed foe. As all the world should blot his dignities Out of the book of base-born infamies. Ascalon. that in conquest of the perjured Being a handful to a mighty host. (An emperor Revives the In grievous so honoured for his virtues. * Scalonia. Judsea. Gaza.e. I have a hundred thousand men arms Some.J PART THE SECOND. surcharged with Will pour it pity of our wrongs. father's Bearing the vengeance of our wrongs. Ore. K. And In raise our honours to as high a pitch. proud fortune. And I as many from Jerusalem. 117 Then should you This proud. down in showers on our heads.SCENE l. ofJer. shall We But that Will now retain her old inconstancy. not need to nourish any doubt. and Scalonia's' bounds. .) spirits of all true Turkish hearts. That on Mount Sinai with their ensigns spread. since the heir of mighty Bajazeth. Christian. memory of his father's shame. And for their power enow to win the world. this our strong and fortunate encounter For so hath heaven provided my escape. usurping King of Persia. Think them in number yet sufficient To drink the river Nile or Euphrates. see this thief of Scythia. That. By this my friendly keeper's happy means.

Tripoli. K. Whose courages are kindled with the flames. and Amasia. From Soria with seventy thousand Ta'en from Aleppo. Aim. And vow to burn the villain's cruel heart. Chio.^ Sancina. . And I as many bring from Trebizond. of/ej: Your majesty may choose some 'pointed time.ii8 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Look clouds of Heaven That show fair weather to the neighbour morn. ^ The Black Sea. . at least. of Sor. Evidently Rizeli. Our battle then in martial manner pitched. ^ thank your majesty. and the bordering towns That touch the end of famous Euphrates. Performing 'Tis all your promise to the full nought for your majesty to give a kingdom. to make him king. Whose horns shall sprinkle through the tainted The poisoned brains of this proud Scythian. [^Exeunt. air my noble lords. K. Soldino. for being a king for Tamburlaine came up of nothing. According to our ancient use. Famastro. Then will I shortly I keep my promise. The cursed Scythian sets on all their towns. Riso. like the parti-coloured [act hi. Why. shall bear The figure of the semicircled moon. And bring him captive to your highness' feet. That is a gentleman. a town near Trebizond. Ahn. All bordering on the Mare Major sea. Call Well then. for this my friend That freed I think it me from the bondage of my foe. K. Almeda. requisite To keep my promise and and honourable. Call. march meet and aid my neighbour kings All which will join against this Tamburlaine. sir. I know. of Treb. Ore. That's no matter. strong And I so on to to my city of Damasco.

Greek.^ . ! That may endure till Heaven be dissolved. the town burnifig.four Attendants bearing the hearse of Ze^o- CRATE . Tamb. fearful thunderclaps. placed. That being fiery meteors may presage Death and destruction to the inhabitants Over my zenith hang a blazing star. This pillar. So burn the turrets of this cursed town. To show her beauty which the world admired Of Sweet picture of divine Zenocrate. Styx. And here this table as a register all her virtues and perfections. Because my dear'st Zenocrate is dead. Flame to the highest region of the air. Hebrew. Amy. And kindle heaps of exhalations. Forbids the world to build it up again. Fed with the fresh supply of earthly dregs. Cel. This town. lightning. And here the picture of Zenocrate. SCENE 119 II. Enter Tamburlaine. And here this mournful streamer shall be Wrought with the Persian and th' Egyptian arms. To signify she was a princess born. the drums sounding a doleful march.. And wife unto the monarch of the East. of her. being burnt by Tamburlaine the Great.] PART THE SECOND. placed in memory is Where in Arabian. Tamb. this Threatening a dearth and famine to Singe these land ! Flying dragons.SCENE 11. and Phlegethon. writ : Cal. Compassed with Lethe. fair plains and make them seem as black As is the island where the Furies mask. with his three Sons and Usumca- 5A^'E.

Besiege a undermine a town. Threw naked swords and sulphur-balls of fire Upon the heads of all our enemies. goddess of the war. That. And sorrow stops the passage of my speech. If I had wept a sea of tears for her. And now. will [act hi. my boys. travel to our hemisphere. to a castle wall. leave off and list That mean to teach you rudiments of war I'll have you learn to sleep upon the ground. my lords. Hunger and thirst. Being burnt to cinders for your mother's death. advance your spears Sorrow no more. right adjuncts of the war. Those looks will shed such influence in my camp As if Bellona. And cause the stars fixed in the southern arc. At every town and castle I besiege. Only to gaze upon Zenocrate. It would not ease the sorrows I sustain.) (Whose That have not passed the As pilgrims. My mother's death hath mortified my mind. so for is my heart consumed and sorrow my mother's death. now ! again : Boys. me. Thou shalt not beautify Larissa plains. is that town. But keep within the circle of mine arms. Cal. cities And make whole caper in the air. . And after this to scale fort. Thou shalt be set upon my royal tent And when I meet an army in the field. Amy. March in your armour thorough watery fens. lovely faces never any viewed centre's latitude.I20 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. my sweet Casane. draw the gods from Heaven. to Tamb. Sustain the scorching heat and freezing cold. But now. As With grief Cel. hanging here. leave to mourn this town shall ever mourn.

what figure serves you best. must have privy And It secret issuings to defend the ditch must have high argins . flat more Whereas the fort may fittest be assailed.and covered ways. Casemates to place the great store of ordnance.] PART THE SECOND. For which the quinque-angle form Because the corners there may fall meet. and here means the glacis. And And May parapets to hide the musketers artillery . Invincible by nature of the place. When this is done then are ye soldiers. and little seas. When this is learned for service on the land. Murder the foe. . pools. And worthy sons of Tamburlaine the Great. that from every flank fort. men is 121 Then next the way to fortify your In champion grounds. By plain and easy demonstration I'll teach you how to make the water mount. . counterforts. the counterscarps Narrow and steep the walls made high and broad The bulwarks and the rampires large and strong. Argine (Ital. That side of the ditch nearest the besiegers. creeks. That you may dry-foot march through lakes and Deep rivers. countermines. ditches. havens. Fenced with the concave of monstrous rock.SCENE II. To keep the bulwark fronts from battery. ^ must be deep . 1 " — . ) is an earthwork. And make a fortress in the raging waves. is And The sharpest where the assault ditches desperate. scour the outward curtains of the Dismount the cannon of the adverse part. The covered way is the protected road between the argin and the counterCunningham. With cavalieros and thick And room It within to lodge six thousand men. and save the walls from breach. scarp.

Shot through the arms. being tossed as high Hang in the air as thick as sunny motes. My We may be dangerous to be done ere slain or ! wounded we learn. lined through with shot. his artn. enamelled. And yet at night carouse within my tent. his horse. That by the wars lost not a drop of blood. And fear'st to die. thy And. Tainb. with Quite void of father. mingled with shot ^ and horse. lord. cut overthwart the hands. their lances with their streaming blood. That. and this wound great a grace and majesty to me. Filling their empty veins with airy wine. stand in fear of death ? Hast thou not seen Dyeing my horsemen charge the foe.122 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Enchased with diamonds. turns to crimson blood. Heaven. and make a gaping wound ? A Hast thou beheld a peal of ordnance strike ring of pikes. being concocted. a chain of gold. Villain Art thou the son of Tamburlaine. 1 means with musketeers. marched round about the earth. and clear from any wound. but this is [act ill. And wilt thou shun the field for fear of wounds ? View me. And canst thou. as Whose shattered limbs. shall I fear to charge them ?" . sapphires. when I am mounted Upon my injuries." but the alteration is unnecessary. Now As As if look I like a soldier. Biillen proposed "Mingled to read "foot" instead of "shot. \He cuts A wound is nothing. or with a curtle-axe To hew thy flesh. Blood is the god of war's rich livery. coward. And see him lance his flesh to teach you all. scars. be it ne'er so deep . Neiv Way to Pay Old Debts (near the end) Massinger uses the In word shot " in a similar sense with shot " A ' ' : " Say there were a squadron Of pikes. that hath conquered kings. Cal. rubies.

faint-heart runaway. And With hunt that coward. That hath betrayed my gracious sovereign. And let the burning of Larissa-walls. and with your all fingers search my wound. now come let us march Towards Techelles and Theridamas. my lord. thou darest abide a wound My boy. that accursed traitor Till fire Almeda. of bloody wounds. 'Tis nothing give me a wound. Dreadless of blows. That we have sent before to fire the towns The towers and cities of these hateful Turks. thou shalt not lose a drop of blood : Before we meet the army of the Turk But then run desperate through the thickest throngs. Here. and this my wound you see. And Now. Fit for the followers of great Tamburlaine ! Usumcasane. Tamb. father. I sit smiling to behold the sight. of wealthy India. sirrah. Tamb. brought bound unto Damascus' walls. in my blood wash your hands at once. And me another. My speech of war. father.SCENE II. as you did your own. adorned the Afric potentate. Cel. While Cal. my boys. Whom Come. cut It shall suffice it bravely. my I boys. Teach you. and death . Usum. And I sate down clothed with a massy That late I robe. Amy. That cursed and damned traitor Almeda. to bear courageous minds. 123 And fairest pearl Were mounted here under a canopy. . know a not what I should think of methinks it is pitiful sight. and sword have found them at a bay. : Cel. boys. Come. what think ye of a wound ? it .] PART THE SECOND. give me your arm. I long to pierce his bowels with my sword.

the walls. Thus have we marched northward from Tam- burlaine. we or not ? let's Sold. thou weary of thy life.^ is all And Wherein Tech. That we may tread upon his captive neck. yes . Captain. weary of it ? art Nay. Enter Techelles. SCENE Ther. the friends to Tamburlaine. Unto the frontier point of Soria this is Balsera. Yes. And treble all his father's slaveries. A parley sounded. And enter in to seize upon ? the hold. Then let us see if coward Callapine Dare levy arms against our puissance. captain. To you ! Why. at the walls with such a mighty power. do you think me. come. soldiers shall . falc'nets. that thou yield Capt. Minions. let Then us bring our light artillery. may be they will yield Knowing two Stand kings. the treasure of the land. \Exeunt. ! thou withstand the friends of Tamburlaine Fortress. Theridamas. If * up thy hold to us. Tamb. . III. and their Train. Tech. my lord. Capt. and sakers ^ to the trench. ^ These were all small pieces of ordnance. about it. quietly. drum. What require you. How say you. [act hi. Fining the ditches with the walls' wide breach. Ther.124 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. my masters ? Ther. But stay awhile It summon it a parley. their chiefest hold. and his Son. — The Captain appears on with Olympia his Wife.

That bring fresh water to thy men and thee.SCENE III. And lie in trench before thy castle walls. Intrench with those dimensions I prescribed. these Moors shall cut the leaden Shall play Volleys of ordnance. intrench. Theridamas. A hundred horse \Exeunt Pioners. ^ A mathematical instrument. and so farewell. Olympia. shall scout about the plains To spy what force comes to relieve the hold. not Heaven itself Shall ransom thee. and undermine. captain. yield it quietly. thy wife. my lord. And when we enter in. till it may defend you. Captain. And few or none shall perish by their shot. himself. Cast up the earth towards the castle wall.measure the height * " Can " in the old editions. in Africa. shall raise a hill Of earth and faggots higher than the fort. labour low. Pio. pipes. And with the Jacob's staff. These pioners of Argier Even in the cannon's face. Both we. therefore. and family. Cut Yet off the water. Nor any issue forth but they shall die . 125 Ther. all I convoys that come.] PART THE SECOND. That no supply of victual shall come in. Which. Were you. Capt. would not yield therefore do your worst Raise mounts. We will. batter. Brothers of holy I Mahomet it . . that are the friends of Tamburlaine. Son retire from Ther. and the walls. And over thy argins and covered ways upon the bulwarks of thy hold till the breach be made That with his ruin fills up all the trench. away ! and where I stuck the stake. Tech. [Captain.^ their am resolute. Tech. will entrench our men. Pioners. And.

and all my entrails bathed In blood that straineth from their orifex. and the soldier's cry. [ Olyjnp. play the men . That there begin and nourish every part. and my veins. Trumpets and drums.126 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Mangled and torn. good my lord. ear and dim the crystal sky. fire. alarum presently And. And That we may know Will carry Thcr. Olymp. SCENE Alarm within. conquered hold. Come. farewell ! ! I die. gliding through my side. ~ IV. — Enter the Captain. sweet Death. with Olympia. A deadly bullet. see the bringing of our ordnance into the battery. forth. sweet wife sweet son. whither art thou gone. full our artillery point-blank unto their walls. we live ? ! Come back again. \Exeu7if. that both He dies. Lies heavy I feel on my heart . if [act in. Betwixt which shall our ordnance thunder And with the breach's fall. and his Son. six feet Then will Along the trench Where we have gabions of broad To save our cannoniers from musket shot. I cannot all live. my liver pierced. smoke. and let us haste from hence Along the cave No hope is left Capt. the hold is yours. Farewell. Death. The crack. soldiers. and One minute end our days and one ! strike us both sepulchre . echo. distance of the castle from the trench. the Make deaf the Tech. and dust. that leads to save this beyond the foe .

stretch out thy sable wings. full of cruelty. like a soldier's wife. Whose body. Thou shalt with us to Tamburlaine the Who. as have done I my son. purge my soul before come to thee. And Moors. life. Mother. . Who And gently now will lance thy ivory throat. Will hew us piecemeal. strike. And carry both our souls where his remains. good mother. put us to the wheel. Olymp. have burnt. ! 127 Contain our bodies Death. and. sweet boy. quickly rid thee both of pain and Son.SCENE IV. \_S/ie stabs him and he I can live : dies. And. this must be the messenger for thee [Drawing a Now. hi whom was never pity found. For think you and see him dead ? Give me your knife. Ah. or strike home The Scythians shall not tyrannise on me Sweet mother. 'Twas bravely done. why com'st thou not ? : Well. How now. art thou content to die ? These barbarous Scythians. when he hears how resolute thou Great. Techelles. God it of Heaven. that 1 may meet my father.] PART THE SECOND. despatch me. art. madam. Or else invent some torture worse than that Therefore die by thy loving mother's hand. Killing myself. their Train. or I'll kill myself. Entreat a pardon of the if this be sin. \She burns the bodies of her Husband and Son and then attempts to kill herself. dagger. with his father's. ? Enter Theridamas. and all Ther. Tell me. ugly Death. what are you doing I Olymp. Will match thee with a viceroy or a king. Tech. Lest cruel Scythians should dismember him. sacred Mahomet.

Take pity of a lady's ruthful tears. That to the adverse poles of that straight line. lady. Fame hovereth. clothed in windy air. That feeds upon her son's and husband's flesh. greater than Mahomet. or emperor And And for his sake here will I end my days. And strews the way with brains of slaughtered men By whose proud side the ugly Furies run. Tech. The name of mighty Tamburlaine is spread. . Rhamnusia bears a helmet full of blood. skill In frame of which Nature hath showed more . But. go with us to Tamburlaine. me Than any viceroy. And eagle's wings joined to her feathered breast. Which measureth the glorious frame of Heaven. In whose high looks Tike lovely Thetis. sounding of her golden trump. Madam. Come ! fair lady. Olymp. And him. Unto the shining bower where Cynthia sits.128 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Ther. shall thy eyes behold. Than scorch a face so beautiful as this. Olymp. . That humbly craves upon her knees to stay And cast her body in the burning flame. in a crystal robe That treadeth fortune underneath his feet. king. the empyreal orb. is much more majesty Than from the concave superficies Of Jove's vast palace. mounted on a lion's back. Hearkening when he shall bid them plague the world Over whose zenith. sooner shall fire consume us both. thou shalt see a man. My lord deceased was dearer unto [act hi. And makes the mighty god of arms his slave On whom Death and the Fatal Sisters wait With naked swords and scarlet liveries Before whom.

Olymp. but the beginning of your joy Come willingly therefore. My royal and overrun the land. Renowned emperor. am so far in love with you. she gave eternal chaos form. numbers m-ore than are the quivering leaves Of Ida's forest. with a host of men. King of Persia. K . madam. where you will. That you must go with us —no remedy. army is as great as his. Almeda. Lies Tamburlaine. ! Mes. Trebizond. \Exeunt. a)id Trains. ivith their To them enters a Messenger. Soldiers.) Who means to girt Natolia's walls with siege. Call. Ther. Rifling this fort. divide in equal shares : This lady shall have twice as much again Out of the coffers of our treasury. this Fire the town. now is let us meet the general. Orcanes. Then carry me. Kings of Jerusalem. and Soria. No. it 129 Than when Ther. the Enter Callapine. end to my accursed Hfe. And Be let the end of this my fatal journey likewise Tech. The gold and silver.SCENE v. Drawing from the shining lamps of Heaven. where your highness' hounds. we got. pursue the wounded stag. Ready to charge the army of the Turk. Who by this time at Natolia. I care not. Afar. and the pearl.] PART THE SECOND. Callapine. mighty all God's great lieutenant over the world Here (In at Aleppo. With open cry. SCENE V. I Madam.

Of Hebrews threescore thousand fighting men Are come since last we showed your majesty. we numbered to your majesty. . and the plains. end the warlike progress he intends. That. to mangle Tamburlaine. the soul. K. of Treb. fighting. and earthly god. Call.130 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT.) All brandishing their brands of quenchless Stretching their monstrous paws. full fifty Naturalised Turks and stout Bithynians Came to my thousand more retreat (That. the valleys. whose brave metropolis Re-edified the fair Semiramis. So from Arabia Desert. he Jove. from the bounds of Phrygia to the sea Which washeth Cyprus Covers the hills. in Natolia. Ore. in Asia the bands. by your highness' hands. offer. and his followers live By Mahomet not one of them shall The field wherein this battle shall be In memory of Ore. Where legions of devils. [act hi. this fought For ev?r term the Persian's sepulchre. Came Since forty last thousand warlike foot and horse. his captains. Here. Less. our victory that calls ! Now. with his brinish waves. And what our army royal is esteemed. From Trebizond. know not what doth mean. viceroys. and the bounds Of that sweet land. K. (knowing he must die fire. grin with their teeth And guard the gates to entertain his Tell me. ! His sons. play the men ! Whet all your swords. And travel headlong to the lake of hell. himself the scourge of The emperor Shall of the world. number of your men. Viceroys and peers of Turkey. From Palestina and Jerusalem.

let us to the field. Of Sorians from Halla is repaired. were near. : My lord. K. as Hector did Achilles. And fly my glove as from a scorpion. Six hundred thousand valiant fighting men. unto Come.) and sacrifice Mountains of breathless men to Mahomet.] PART THE SECOND.SCENE v. Who To now. opens the firmament see the slaughter of our enemies. if their death . I see how fearfully ye would refuse. And set his warlike person to the Of fierce I Achilles. view : As Hector did into the Grecian To overdare the pride of Grsecia. I am come. Sitting as if they were a-telling riddles. Usum. (The worthiest knight that ever brandished sword). of Sor. Since last we numbered to your majesty So that the royal army is esteemed thy death. camp. puissant viceroys. here slaves. with Jove. and thirty thousand foot. Call. Tamb.) 131 Nor e'er return last Since we numbered to your majesty. How now. Challenge in combat any of you all. and others. Tamb. And Casane I am But yet I'll save their lives. your presence makes them pale and wan ! Poor souls they look as so he is. Tamburlaine. And neighbour cities of your highness' land. Casane ? See a knot of kings. and make them Ye petty kings of Turkey. Then welcome. Enter Tamburlaine with his three Sons. (The Persians' sepulchre. rival of his fame do vou honour in the simile For if I should. . Ten thousand horse. but with the victory. UsuMCASANE.

Tamb. Thou But. us. And when I'll ye stay. shepherd's issue. that slave. Nay. And. Now would'st with overmatch of person fight [act iii. neck for Sirrah. Shall so torment thee That. you shall not trouble me thus to come and you .) that Callapine. And humbly crave a pardon for thy . suborned That villain there. And sit in council to invent some pain That most may vex his body and his soul. thou art fearful of thy army's strength. ! Rail not. Callapine ! I'll hang a clog about your shall running away again fetch . Villain the shepherd's issue (at whose birth Heaven did afford a gracious aspect. ! ! And And joined those stars that shall be opposite till Even the dissolution of the world. By Mahomet he shall be ! tied in chains. Ore. shall curse the birth of Tamburlaine. of Je7: and mine own. first thou shalt kneel to life. never meant to as is make and a conqueror So famous mighty Tamburlaine. Tamburlaine. all we will meet. base-born Tamburlaine. But as for you. TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. his service to his sovereign. viceroys. draw my coach wire. Rowing with Christians in a brigandine About the Grecian isles to rob and spoil. : Tamb. be lashed with whips of have you learn to feed on provender And in a stable He upon the planks. proud Scythian I shall now revenge My father's viie abuses. To /alse As ye Call. Call. K. harnessed my horses. when the battle ends. that Turkish dog.132 Ore. like a roguish runaway. But. And turn him to his ancient trade again Methinks the slave should make a lusty thief. like you have bits. Think of thy end this sword shall lance thy throat.

and rend out thy heart ! To appease my wrath or else I'll torture thee. No. villain. Cel. soldiers of our 133 K. man. of Sor. K. not any element Shall shroud thee from the wrath of Tamburlaine. I here invest thee king of Ariadan Bordering on Mare Roso. Tavib. Almeda . take it. Villain traitor ! damned fugitive ! make thee wish' the earth had swallowed thee. let him hang a bunch of keys on his standard to put him in remembrance he was a jailor. I may knock out his brains with » The Red Sea. father. Tamb. Tamb. receive this crown of me. and wear thy head in his scutcheon. What Take it. while all thy joints Be racked and beat asunder if with the wheel thou liv'st. drops of scalding lead. Well. And have jointly sworn thy cruel death. Tamb. Aim. diet yourselves Or bind thee in eternal torments' wrath. cast thee headlong from a rock. sirrah.] PART THE SECOND. Good my lord. you know I shall have occasion shortly See. of Treb. . Or rip thy bowels. let me take it. in despite of thee he shall be king. See'st thou not death within my wrathful looks ? Go. Come. So. sirs. Call Dost thou ask him leave ? Here . How Almeda ril the jailor looks ! upon us. The common Shall bring thee mighty host bound unto the all general's tent. Call. to journey you. take your crown. Searing thy hateful flesh with burning irons And For. sirrah. . you ! must give arms.SCENE v. Go to. that when I take him. So he shall. Ore. and ma e up the half dozen.^ near to Mecca. Ore. Well. now you are a king. \To Tamburlaine.

No we will meet thee. both See ye this rout. when this field is fought And rich Natolia ours. You shall their backs. our men shall sweat With carrying pearl and treasure on Tamb. Well. I smile to think how. my lord . Tamburlainc he . prepare whips and bring is my chariot to ride in my tent. immediately Come. Tamb. Tai7ib. The glory of this happy day yours. let us to the field. Tech. my chariot. Bugbears. You know not. Fight as you ever did. My stem aspect shall make fair victory. for as soon as the battle done. shall not be put to that exigent. Ore. now ye see he is a king . when we are as the foolish fighting. and ? their Train. Theridamas and Techelles. his Theridamas. No. . I'll triumph through the camp. light on me Loaden with laurel wreaths to crown us all. E?iter Theridamas. lest he hide crown K. sir But now. or yield us victory. my followers and my is loving friends. VExeunt. [act ii them. Techelles. ^ How Will now. ! Welcome. King of Persia did. like conquerors. and know ye this same king ? Ther. Away may be slain. fight ye Turks. he was Callapine's keeper. . look to him. Sirrah. . of Treb. Hovering betwixt our armies. . and lock you in the stable. that the villain Tajub. slavish Tamburlaine. Ay.134 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. of Sor. I warrant thee. here are bugs make the hair stand upright on your heads. when you shall come sweating from K. be princes all. ye petty kings Lo. And cast your crowns in slavery at their feet.

ACT THE FOURTH. My father were enough to scare the foe. the tent I. follow flies we our father's sword. Now Of their glories shine the golden crowns these proud Turks. Wrath. Nor you in faith. when our enemies' drums our ears foil ? ruin and our father's fools ! Away. kindled in the furnace of his breast. . Amy. That brother. majesty of Now. —Amyras and Celebinus where Calyphas in issue from sits asleep. if Call forth our lazy brother from the tent. And For cuts down armies with his conquering wings. ho it. much like so many suns That half dismay the Heaven. ! what given so much to sleep in ! You cannot leave And rattling cannons thunder Our proper Cal. Will send a deadly lightning to his heart. SCENE Alarums within. my father miss him in the field. with fury swifter than our thoughts. Cel. If half our camp should sit and sleep with me. but that you will be thought More childish-valorous than manly-wise. ye my father needs not me. f MY. Brother.

[act iv. And oft hath warned thee to be still in field. As if I lay with you for company. made a He comes and Tn all victor in these haughty arms. — ' out. What. O cowardly boy Fie ! for ! ' And take my other toward brother here. our taintless swords to kill a ? know. You do dishonour to his majesty. Go. Were When. For person like to prove a second Mars. finds his sons have had no shares the honours he proposed for us. Cal. Brave. all the lofty mounts of Zona Mundi That fill the midst of farthest Tartary Turned into pearl and proffered for my stay. You will not go then ? Cal. bold. works remorse of conscience in me I take no pleasure to be murderous. . To think our helps will do him any good. My I go into the field before I need \^Alarums. the field. Take you the honour. Amy. shame come forth Thou dost dishonour manhood and thy house. It he himself amidst the thickest troops down our I foes. Amy. I will take my ease wisdom shall excuse my cowardice. Amvras and Celebinus run Cal. tall stripling. will quench my thirst. I would not bide the fury of my father. Amy. what it is man . go.136 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. as well to hear 'Twill please my mind you both Have won a heap of honour in the field And left your slender carcases behind. dar'st thou then be absent from Knowing my father hates thy cowardice. You say true. When Beats Cal. to flesh sir. fight you for us both. Nor • care for blood when wine ! Cd.

Perd. thou and go to cards to drive away the time. conquered them. my lord. See now. done anon amongst them. and Celebinus. SANE. Perdicas Enter Perdicas. . Cal. [Alarms within^ What a coil they keep I believe there will be some hurt [Exeunt. I would my father would let me be put in the front of such a battle once to try my valour. Trebizond. ye slaves. Amyras. iS'w/dfrTAMBURLAINE. Bends. when my i' father hath - Perd. ! SCENE II. and. ThERIDAMAS. but what shall we play for ? Who shall kiss the fairest of the Turk's concu- bines first. Perd. my lord . and I fear as their taratantaras. for fear I should afraid. 137 The bullets fly at random where they list And should I go and kill a thousand men. TeCHELLES.SCENE II. Perdicas. little faith. I will Come. Such a fear. Cal. Cal. my lord. aiid Soria. would never make ye retire. as I be do a naked lady in a net of gold. [They play. Here. all might have harm which the good I have. Cal. They say I am a coward. would put it off and come to bed with me. to cards. I were as soon rewarded with a shot.] PART THE SECOND. Joined with I'll my father's ! crown. their swords or their cannons. sooner far And And I than he that never fights should I go and do no harm nor good. would never cure. Agreed. Perd. ^ my children stoop' your pride. Tamb. Content. leading in UsUMCAOrcanes and the Kings ^Jerusalem.

No. And Bring them. O Samarcanda (where joyed the fire breathed first And of this martial fiesh). And But glut it not with stale and daunted foes. and tell me if the wars Be not a life that may in let illustrate gods. Tech. unworthy soldiers ye not yet the argument of arms ? lord. I pray your majesty. Amy. Shroud any thought may hold my striving hands From martial justice on thy wretched soul ? Ther. Wounded with shame and killed with discontent. we my lord. lead your bodies sheeplike to the sword. my boys. at thine honour's 1 foil. [act iv. and Usum. Stand up. this But where's coward villain. That they may say it is not chance doth this. thus fired with mine sloth ! eyes. let ! Amy. all of us entreat your highness' Know Tamb. To gather greater numbers 'gainst our power. traitor to my name and majesty S^He goes in and brings Calyphas oul. Image of and picture of a slave. Amyras tempt not fortune so . Yet pardon him.138 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. fair city. no. : Cherish thy valour still with fresh supplies. And we will force him to the field hereafter. Stand up. And what the jealousy of wars must do. But matchless strength and magnanimity ? Tamb. ye base.' Soil. Tamb. The obloquy and scorn of my renown How may my heart. Blush. not my ? son. I will teach ye arms. Let pardon. blush. Good my him be and forgiven for once. . And tickle not your spirits with desire Still to be trained Shall arms and chivalry? go these kings again. my I boys.

Which makes me valiant. \^Stabs Calyphas. ! might move the turning spheres of Heaven all this airy For earth and region Cannot contain the state of Tamburlaine. my issue such a soul. for being seen : And now. And. Created of the massy dregs of earth. Jaxartes. Made of the mould whereof thyself consists. I By Mahomet In sending to ! thy mighty friend. . Thou show'st the difference 'twixt ourselves and thee. by the state of his supremacy. Ore. ye cankered curs of Asia. Shaking the burthen mighty Atlas bears Clothed with a pitchy cloud hid'st thee in the air. strength. which Jaertis' ^ stream. swear. or But folly. receive his fainting soul again A form not meet to give that subject essence Whose matter is the flesh of Tamburlaine Wherein an incorporeal spirit moves. Jove. 139 And shame of nature. Jaertis.SCENE II. Thou hast procured a greater enemy Than he that darted mountains at thy Whereat thou trembling head. . i.] PART THE SECOND. wit. Embracing thee with deepest of his love. The scum and tartar of the elements. In this thy ^ barbarous damned now tyranny. Can never wash from thy distain^d brows ! Here. Although it shine as brightly as the sun Now you shall feel the strength of Tamburlaine. the Ser-Daria in Bokhara. and damned idleness. proud. Approve the difference 'twixt himself and you. That will not see the strength of Tamburlaine. Ready That I to levy power against thy throne. ambitious. . Wherein was neither courage.. sloth.e.

my lord. and take their concubines. . Thy victories are grown so violent. The I scourge of God. Making them bury this effeminate brat. Tamb. in blood. Nor yet imposed with such a bitter hate Ore. Then bring those Turkish harlots to I'll my best tent. \_Exetmt zvith the body of Cal\'PHAS. K. To scourge the pride of such as Heaven abhors Nor am I made arch-monarch of the world. We will. and terror of the world. offer. Techelles. revenge our bloods on thee. That shortly Heaven. In war.140 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. with our bloods. filled with the meteors Of blood and fire thy tyrannies have made. Villains these terrors and these tyrannies ! (If tyrannies war's justice ye repute. ! . must apply myself to fit those terms. enjoined me from above. offer. Crowned and invested by the hand of Jove For deeds of bounty or But since I exercise nobility . For not a common soldier shall defile His manly fingers with so faint a boy. in cruelty. plague such peasants as resist in And me. a greater name. K. Will pour down blood and fire on thy head. Theridamas. And dispose them as in. Whose scalding drops will pierce thy seething brains. it likes me Meanwhile.) I execute. Rhadamanth and ^acus. O damned monster ! Nay. Whose cruelties are not so harsh as thine. in death. Revenge it. And. The power of Heaven's eternal majesty. and Casane. a fiend of hell. Ransack the tents and the pavilions Of these proud Turks. [act iv. take him Sold.

For hot consumption of his country's pride And. extended in his pains. composed of fury and of fire. But. the air about the females' miss. souls. Dry up with anger. K. feed The cursed substance of that cruel heart and remorseful 1 blood. And break their burning lances in the * air. wanting moisture Down I'll to the channels of your hateful throats . .SCENE II. that earth may echo forth The far-resounding torments ye sustain As when an herd of lusty Cymbrian bulls : Run mourning round And. of Sor. Incense the Heavens. May never spirit. with the pains my rigour shall inflict. Are seen to march upon the towers of Heaven). sack. bark. with engines never exercised. Tamb. Run tilting round about the firmament. like armed men. and consume with heat. my Tamburlaine. As if they were the tears of Mahomet. Whose sight. I'll bridle all your tongues. And bind them close with bits of burnished steel. Loss." a terror to the world. Well.^ fury of their following. and make the stars to melt. ye dogs . with troublous bellowing. May never day give virtue to his eyes. and utterly consume Your cities and your golden palaces And. till by vision or by speech I hear . stung with Fill all. Excel the hate wherewith he pains our K. ^ Compassionate. I will persist. I will. or artier. Doth send such stern affections to his heart.] PART THE SECOND. with the flames that beat against the clouds. of Treb. Immortal Jove say " Cease. 141 And let your hates. vein. make ye roar. And. Conquer. Making the meteors (that.

But closed within the compass of a tent Hath stained thy cheeks. Olympia. Olympia I sought thee in my tent. Affords no herbs whose taste may poison thee. whose weeping eyes Since thy arrival here behold no sun. [act iv. Etiter Theridamas. Devise some means to rid thee of thy Rather than yield to his detested suit. his son. . light. For honour of my wondrous victories.142 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. discovered alone. . Distressed Olympia. which torment Forbids my heart. ran about the fields for thee. bring them in to our pavilion. SCENE Olympia III. and that fear is past Tell me. wilt thou grant my suit? Olym. Olym. Supposing amorous Jove had sent The winged Hermes. My lord and husband's death. to convey thee hence But now I find thee. since this earth. and made thee look life. thy close cave a sword to murder thee this invention be the instrument. Ther. But when I saw the place obscure and dark. \^Exeunt. like death. Whose drift is only to dishonour thee And Nor Nor Let dewed with thy brinish tears.) my mind to entertain a thought . yet this air. Which with thy beauty thou was't wont to I Enraged. beat often with thy sighs. Well met. Contagious smells and vapours to infect thee. with my sweet son's I (With whom buried all affections Save grief and sorrow. Come.

to be an emperess. Spending Olym. then. my lord and draw your sword. Stay now. But that where every period ends with death. yield : Such I the sudden fury of will my must and be pleased. in whom Have Than greater operation and more force full. ! Olym. Nay. Cynthia's in the watery wilderness. For with thy view my joys are at the And ebb again as thou departest from me. Ther. cannot love. Nothing but still thy husband and thy son Leave this. Ther. Ah.SCENE III. What is it ? Olym. Venus all in her chair of state. Which beats against this prison to get out. my life in sweet discourse of love. all my honour. lady. and you shall yield : Come I'll to the tent again. my love. will you save give your grace a present of such price.] PART THE SECOND. my lord . pity me. but meditate 143 That tends on death. I'll use some other means to is make you love. . thy looks A fitter subject for a pensive soul. pity him. and. Making a passage for my troubled soul. to love. Commanding thy princely eye desires And I will cast off arms to sit with thee. An ointment which a cunning alchymist. and listen more to me. No such discourse is pleasant in mine ears. As the world cannot afford the like. if nothing will prevail. Ther. Olym. Olympia. And meet my husband and my loving son. And I every line begins with death again. Thou shalt be stately queen of fair Argier ! And clothed in costly cloth of massy Upon the marble turrets of my court Sit like to gold. Ther.

who. Why gave you not your husband some of it you loved him. Cut In off this arm that murdered thy love. nor lance. Ther. madam. try Ther. can pierce your think you to Ther. With which pistols.'^ Olym. and will keep dissemble not.144 Distilled TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. it for The richest present of this eastern world. . anoints her neck with a decoction of herbs which she pretends will render it invvdnerable she then presents her throat to the Pagan. My purpose was. to save herself from the lawless passion of Rodomont. it. stab thyself. Which. And Nor spells of if magic from the mouths of spirits." . Olympia. and so precious ? it Olym. from the purest balsamum all [act iv. Collier showed that this incident is borrowed from Ariosto's Orlando Fnrioso. \She anoints her throat. flesh. whom the learned rabbis of this age Might find as many wondrous miracles As 1 in the theoria of the world. . I will. Now stab. it on me. Book xxix. my lord. when you stab. you but 'noint your tender skin. ^ And you Ther. to spend But was prevented by his sudden end so. Why. To prove it. have I slain her ! Villain. What. If shall see't rebated with the blow. ? mock me thus pal- pably Olym. look on your weapon's point. Tempered by science metaphysical.. be blunted if That will the blow be great. Blunted. I will 'noint my naked throat. And That for I a present. and mark your weapon's point. Olympia. And simplest extracts of minerals. " where Isabella. \Stabs her. sword. In which the essential form of marble stone. Here then. believing her assertion aims a ^ : blow and stiikes off her head. easy proof thereof. my lord.

/^ Celebinus with Mi? Kings <?/"Natolia a7id Jerusalem. To Byron The But from Asphaltis. For every Fury gazeth on her looks Infernal Dis is courting of my love. Amyras. Inventing masks and stately shows for her. greater A And now the damned souls are free from pain. with the body. while his left hand hslds the reins . And blow the morning Making their fiery gait Mar.Theridamas. Holla. of ! What Tamb. such a coachman as great Tamburlaine. than Elysium 145 Now hell is fairer lamp than that bright eye of Heaven. Opening the doors of his rich treasury entertain this queen of chastity Whose body shall be tombed with all the pomp The treasure of my kingdom may afford. . where thus I honour you ! horse that guide the golden eye of Heaven. above the clouds. then come Techelles. here. I» . Usumcasane. Tamburlaine drawn in his chariot by the Kings Trebizond and Soria. with bits in their mouths in his right hand he has a whip with which he scourgeth thon. from their nosterils. From whence the stars do borrow all their light. ! And And have so proud a chariot at your heels. To \Exit. ye pampered jades of Asia can ye draw but twenty miles a day.SCENE IV. where I conquered you. Wanders about the black circumference .. d!. led by five or iix common Soldiers.] PART THE SECOND. SCENE Efiter IV.

and fit my appetite. Tavib. Surveying all the glories of the land. O thou that sway'st the region under earth. . So for just hate. Are not so honoured As you. my kingly boy . Come once in fury and survey. and to make her queen. fruit Jo} ing the of Ceres' garden-plot. And art a king as absolute as Jove. Haling him headlong to the lowest hell.146 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. shall to-morrow draw my chariot. [act iv. his pride. That King Egeus fed with human flesh. And They thus be drawn by these two idle kings. * Scudding. in mighty Tamburlaine. you can then live. While these their fellow-kings Ore. Were not subdued with valour more divine Than you by this unconquered arm of mine. that I may ride. may be refreshed. love. scourge of highest Jove I right the And see the figure of my dignity ! By which I hold my name and majesty Amy. And made so wanton that they knew their strengths. for honour. Thy youth forbids such ease. in their governor. And For as thou took'st the fair Proserpina. then die like beasts. my lord. and draw ' My chariot Thus am swifter than the racking clouds . You shall be fed with live with flesh as raw as blood. Let me have coach. ye slaves. And If drink in pails the strongest muscadel it. and to subdue This proud contemner of thy dreadful power. for shame. To make you fierce. If not. But perches for and fit for naught the black and fatal ravens. Come as thou didst in fruitful Sicily. The headstrong jades of Thrace Alcides tamed.

SCENE IV. Break through the hedges of their hateful mouths. my Tai7ib. Your majesty already hath devised fit A mean. Usu7n. Here." - Brave. Above Before the threefold astracism of Heaven. sprung from a tyrant's loins How To like his cursed father he begins ! practise taunts and bitter tyrannies Tamb.] PART THE SECOND. conquer the triple world.e. ' And pull their kicking colts out of their pastures. hrottght. tall - Sold. I tell thee. . never-broken jades. Ah. as as may you be. Ay. That. fetch me out the Turkish concubines for the funeral I will prefer them They have bestowed on my [ abortive son. already compared to "jades. that fought lion-like Asphaltis' plains ? lord. Cunningham and Bullen consider that "kicking colts" i. soldiers. and "kicking colts" to tongues. tongues. offer. The Concubines are Where So are my common upon soldiers now. in. Turk. like unruly. Your majesty must get some To bridle their contemptuous. Tec//. ? How like that." and shortly afterwards spoken of as "coltish coach-horse applies to colt's teeth. If Jove. . cruel brat. this same boy is he That must (advanced in higher pomp than this) Rifle the kingdoms I shall leave unsacked. cursing tongues. we will break the hedges of their mouths. I Hold ye. bits for these. but "hedges " evidently refers to teeth. esteeming me too good for earth. fair Raise me I to match the all Aldeboran. Nay. first teeth . Now. sir king why speak you not ? ! K. coltish coach-horse tongues from blasphemy. And pass their fixed bounds exceedingly. 147 T/ier. take ye queens apiece mean such queens ^ as were kings' concubines Dyce. to restrain These Cel.

Save your honours 'Twere but time indeed. Let them take pleasure soundly in their we prepare our march to Babylon. And now themselves make our spoils. with your spoils ? \_They run away with the Concubines. at your slothful heels. Tamb. Tamb. treasure to Adding their wealth and my store. It seems they meant to conquer us. infernal cruelty Tamb. north-north-east . tremble when ye hear cities this scourge will come That whips down and controlleth crowns. But presently be prest' to conquer it. And common Till soldiers jest with all their trulls. man that so offends shall die. jewels too. . And make us jesting pageants for their shall trulls. . Live continent then. ! ! Lost long before ye knew what honour meant. pageants. K. O pity us. ye slaves. ye jades. and their And let them equally serve all your Sold. To exercise upon such guiltless dames The violence of thy common soldiers' lust Tamb. north to Natolia. Techelles. offer. wilt thou so defame The hateful fortunes of thy victory. Now And crouch. We thank you. not. my lord. west the Caspian. Are ye not gone. Let us not be idle then. O merciless. [act iv. turns. Ther. my lord.148 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Take them divide them. Brawl warn you. Tech. for your lechery : For every Ore. We will. Tamb. my lord. Forward then. ye villains. The Euxine sea. 1 Ready. ye kings of greatest Asia. I Tamb. Injurious tyrant. and save our honours. The Terrene. Whither we next make expedition. ? and meet not me With troops of harlots Con.

to Babylon [Exeunt. dissevered from this flesh.SCENE IV. For there . 1 This and the five following lines are borrowed with slight variaBuUen suggests that tions from the Faerie Qtieene. his shining chariot gilt with fire. Samarcanda. mount the milk-white way. 7 (stanza 32). Marlowe must have seen the passage in MS. And I'll cast the fame of Ilion's tower to hell. air. waves of fresh Jaertis' stream. crystal my soul. The Faerie Quectte was published in 1590. dancing in the note me emperor of the threefold world. my native city. And drawn with princely eagles through the path Paved with bright When So Until Shall all the gods stand gazing at his will I ride and enchased with stars. And crystal The pride and beauty of her princely seat. Thorough the streets with troops of conquered kings. Whose shining turrets shall dismay the Heavens. Spangled with diamonds. my palace-royal shall be placed. my coach.] PART THE SECOND. 149 And on the south. ride in golden in armour like the sun And To my helm a triple plume shall spring. Be famous through the furthest continents. through Samarcanda streets. pomp. Like ^ to an almond tree y-mounted high Upon the lofty and celestial mount Of ever-green Selinus quaintly decked With blooms more white than Erycina's brows. . little At every in breath through Heaven is blown. i. To Babylon. and meet him ! there. Whose Then tender blossoms tremble every one. Sinus Arabicus Shall all be loaden with the martial spoils We will Then shall convey with us to Persia. my lords . like Saturn's royal son Mounted.

others O V. Governor of Babylon. I. for all our battered walls. Maximus. my lord. Gov. And satisfy .the people's general prayers. respects thou more thy slavish Than honour of thy country or thy name ? Are not my life and state as dear to me. The city. life As anything of price with thy conceit ? Have we not hope. and my native country's weal. More strong than are the gates of death or hell ? . Villain. Then hang out flags. When this our famous lake of Limnasphaltis Makes walls afresh with everything that falls Into the liquid substance of his stream. That Tamburlaine's intolerable wrath May be suppressed by our submission. and upon the ivalls. the breach enemy hath made the Gives such assurance of our overthrow That little hope is left to save our lives.ACT THE SCENE Enter the FIFTH. What saith Maximus ? Max. My lord. Or hold our city from the conqueror's hands. To live secure and keep his forces out. of humble truce.

That Tamburlaine may pity our distress. cowards. if ever you will win our hearts. ! Gov.SCENE I. That legions of tormenting spirits may vex Your slavish bosoms with continual pains I care not. with Soldiers. . Though this be held his last day's dreadful Wherein he spareth neither man nor child. Enter above a Cit. . terror 151 What faintness should When we are And have no but his threatening looks. hang up flags of truce. And this eternized Babylon. siege. My lord. As long as any life is in my breast. Yield up the town and save our wives and children For I will cast myself from off these walls Or die some death of quickest violence I Before bide the wrath of Tamburlaine. dismay our courages thus defenced against our foes. ! How my soul environed with cares cit}'. state was ever pitied and if is relieved. My lord. 27id Cit. Ther. Citizen.] PART THE SECOND. Thou desperate governor of Babylon. traitors to our state Fall to the earth and pierce the pit of hell. Yet are there Christians of Georgia here. get his pardon your grace would send. work a refuge for our lives. if ever you did deed of ruth. who kneels to the Governor. Villains. Techelles. Enter Theridamas. will And now And use us like a loving conqueror. Whose Would Gov. nor the town will ever yield. Filled with a pack of faint-heart fugitives That thus entreat their shame and servitude ! Enter another Citizen. Offer submission.

where brave Assyrian dames ^ A slow stately dance. and Usumcasane. in despite of thee. Whose lofty pillars. Now Hath in the place where fair Semiramis. Whose chariot wheels have burst the Assyrians' Drawn with these kings on heaps of carcases. ever traitor I it turn the traitor in thy throat. we such proud . felt. The stately buildings of fair Babylon. Yield. Tamb. triumphs Tamburlaine. trod the measures. and they scale the walls. Now fill the mouth of limnasphaltis' lake walls. parley. Or els« be sure thou More exquisite than Gov. Courted by kings and peers of Asia. ivith the two spare Kings ^Natolia and Jerusalem led by Soldiers and others.152 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. save thy life. Ninus. and great Alexander bones. Enter Tamburlaine drawn in his chariot by the Kings ^t/Trebizond and Soria. foolish governor Than ever yet we did to slaves As durst resist us till our third day's siege. Thou seest us prest to give the last assault. And make Where a bridge unto the battered Belus. Yield speedily the city to our hands. . [act v. ! And Call will defend up the soldiers to defend these walls Tech. offer more And that shall bide no more regard of . . Tyrant ! be forced with pains. Being carried thither by the cannon's force. Celebinus. Assault and spare not [A/ar/fis : we will never yield. higher than the clouds. Were wont to guide the seaman in the deep. Have rode in triumph. Amyras.^ do my soldiers march And in the streets. Gov. To and us a shalt little labour.

The triple-headed Cerberus would howl And make black Jove to crouch and kneel to me .] PART THE SECOND. That with his sword hath quailed all earthly kings. wrathful messenger of mighty Jove. Could not persuade you to submission. . Go. 1 Gates. Whose The flaming trains should reach affright down to the earth. But still the ports ^ were shut . or courage faint. cruel Tamburlaine. the view of our vermilion tents. Nor. villain I say. in the Who have ye there. Sirrah. the anger of the Highest. Nor yet thyself. villain . Gov. bringing Governor of Babylon. For though thy cannon shook the My heart did never quake.SCENE 1. Re-enter Theridamas and Techelles. nor I myself. if my body could have stopt the breach. ! Should'st thou have entered. pomp like rich Saturnia. 'Tis not thy bloody tents can make me yield. Should I but touch the rusty gates of hell. my lords ? The sturdy governor of Babylon. Tamb. city walls. But I have sent volleys of shot to you. no. 153 Have rid in With furious words and frowning visages My horsemen brandish their unruly blades.) Could not you . And used such slender reckoning of your majesty. That made us all the labour for the town. Yet could not enter till the breach was made. (Which threatened more than if the region Next underneath the element of fire Were full of comets and of blazing stars. T/ier. bind the he shall hang in chains Upon the ruins of this conquered town.

in Limnasphaltis' lake There lies more gold than Babylon life worth. and take his gold . Well. [Attendants unharness the Kings of Trebi- ZOND and Soria. Under a hollow bank. right opposite Against the western gate of Babylon. Tamb. Tamb. my and I will give it thee. I hid. my . slave to death. ! — [Exeunt some of the Attendants. can daunt Tatnb. city walls. of Treb. nor Tamburlaine. Gov. These jades are broken-winded and half tired. the Governor ^Vhen this is done. Which when Save but the city was besieged. Tavib. some of you. \Exeunt other Attendants with of Babylon. Vile tyrant laine ! ! barbarous bloody Tambur- . presently. now their best is done to honour me. and let me have fresh horse. Torture. it [act V. Take them and hang them both up K. Do all thy worst nor death. The rest forward with execution Away with him hence. Unharness them. .IS4 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. Gov. go draw him up. then his body is shall be scared. And sent from hell to tyrannise on earth. dreadless mind. And make our greatest haste to Persia. Go thither. Vile monster ! born of some infernal hag. But. let him speak no more. we'll march from Babylon. now I'll make Hang him in chains upon the And let my soldiers shoot the quake . So. Up with him. Tamburlaine. Then life? for all your valour you would save your Whereabout lies it ? Gov. I think I make your courage something quail. nor pain.

See now. Come. Rather than we should draw thy chariot. Yet should'st thou Shoot him all at once. . offered And me as ransom die. And take such fortune as your fellows Ore. Bridle them. and let this wound appease lord. Rather lend me thy weapon. \Exit with the Kings ^Trebizond and . my lord. . for thy at life. Then have at him to begin withal. First let thy Scythian horse tear both our limbs. And like base slaves abject our princely minds To vile and ignominious servitude. I my lord. Tamburlaine. Shoot first. [Theridamas shoots at the Governor. felt. 'Tis brave indeed. \They bridle the Kings of Natolia and Jerusalem and harficss them to the chariot. They will talk still. though Asphallis' lake were liquid gold. That I may sheathe it in this breast of mine. K. The Governor is seen hanging in chains on the walls. \Tliey shoot. if you don't them. Ther. Gov. see them de- spatched. Amy.] PART THE SECOND. Asian viceroys to your tasks awhile. Ther. Tamb. Soria. A thousand deaths could not torment our hearts More than the thought of this doth vex our souls. how brave the captain hangs. So now he hangs like Bagdet's governor. Take them away. Theridamas will. Yet save my life. my The mortal fury of great Tamburlaine. my boy well done. Tamb. my Tamb. bridle Tamb. and then the rest shall follow.SCENE I. No. and let me to my coach. offer. lord. Re-enter Theridamas. Amy. . 155 Tainb.

And yet I live untouched by Mahomet. and bind the burghers hand and foot. full of revenging wrath. man. where's the Turkish Alcoran. fling them if in the fire. \Exit with Soldiers. Casane. . Whose scourge I am. shall ? all. soldiers. straight. there be a presently. me tribute for in Babylon. Well said In vain. \They burn the books. Which hath been Shall pay Tech. Having as many bullets in his flesh As there be breaches in her battered wall. and him will I obey So. Techelles. woman. my lord Tamb. subject to the Persian king. Mahomet. [act V. drown them child. Now. And to command the city. men worship Mahomet hell. Go now. Come. From whom the thunder and the lightning breaks. There is a God. Casane. his kinsmen. I will build A lofty citadel that all Africa. And Tamb. Come down Thou art not thyself and work a miracle : worthy to be worshipped. And cast them headlong in the city's lake. all the heaps of superstitious books in the temples of that I Found Whom have thought a god are.156 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. and his friends. \They light a fire. Tartars and Persians shall inhabit there. let ? Mahomet. They shall be fire burnt. I will about it in the town. My Slain sword hath sent millions of Turks to all his priests. and Leave not a Babylonian Tech. Here they my lord. I see. Tamb. Usum. . Now. thou have any power. What be done with their wives and children.

Which makes them fleet aloft and gape for air. God is that sits in Heaven. Techelles 1 but I know not what Float. Why send'st thou not a furious whirlwind down To blow thy Alcoran up to thy throne. soldiers . But stay Tech.SCENE I. ' . 1 have fulfilled your highness' will. What is it ? Tamb. Re-enter Techelles. Tamb. Tech. swim up and down upon the waves. soldiers. Where men report thou sit'st by God himself? Or vengeance on the head of Tamburlaine That shakes his sword against thy majesty. . As when they swallow assafoetida. my friendly lords. Amazed. ? And spurns the abstracts of thy foolish laws Well. He •The cannot hear the voice of Tamburlaine . Taj)ib. Ay. Seek out another Godhead to adore. what now remains. I feel myself distempered suddenly. my Thousands of men. ^ And presently depart to Persia To triumph after all our victories ? Ther. Mahomet remains in hell . Let . . Something. drowned in Asphaltis' lake. But that we leave sufficient garrison. Have make the waters swell above the banks. dares distemper Tamburlaine . good my lord let us in haste And let this captain be removed the walls To some high hill about the city here. if any God For he God alone. lord. Well then. to Persia. And fishes. it be so . 157 That suffers flame of fire to burn the writ Wherein the sum of thy religion rests. about it.. fed by human carcases. and none but he.] PART THE SECOND.

but we him. mine own captivity. K. Call. * shall And so revenge our latest grievous loss. a Captain and Soldiers. SCENE II. King of Amasia. my lord. If God or Mahomet send any aid. 1 Methinks could sustain a thousand deaths To be revenged of Recall. My viceroy's I bondage under Tamburlaine. for Shall grace this base-born tyrant Tamburlaine. of Ama. with drums and trumpets. all his villany. \_Exmnt. Marcheth Circled about with Limnasphaltis' lake Where Tamburlaine with all his army Which being faint and weary with the We may lie ready to encounter him Before his host be full lies. And here may we behold great Babylon Call. .158 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. [act v But ye vassals ! whatsoe'er it be. Their cruel death. the King of Amasia. from Babylon. And The that vile carcase drawn by warlike kings never sepulchre fowls shall eat . And yet gapes still for more to quench his thirst. Doubt not. When I record' my parents' slavish life. Sickness or death can never conquer me. Our Turkish swords shall headlong send to hell. Enter Callapine. siege. now our mighty host in Asia Major where the streams Of Euphrates and Tigris swiftly run. conquer The monster that hath drunk a sea of blood. forth.

and so shall his. and on his head A chaplet brighter than Apollo's crown. Yet might your mighty host encounter all. Callapine. Kingdoms made waste. sacred Mahomet thou that hast seen Millions of Turks perish by Tamburlaine. Come. I hope . is great. Turkey is in arms with Callapine And This never will we sunder camps and arms the time that must eternise Before himself or his be conquered. my lord . is me For conquering the tyrant of the world. Call. mighty Callapine. And make him after all these overthrows To triumph over cursed Tamburlaine. nor merchant. For we have here the chief selected men Of twenty several kingdoms at the least Nor ploughman. Though God himself -and holy Mahomet Should come in person to resist your power. let us lie in wait for him.] PART THE SECOND. ! 159 Ah. brave cities sacked is left and burnt And but one host to honour thee. I see great Mahomet Clothed in purple clouds. And pull proud Tamburlaine upon his knees To sue for mercy at your highness' feet. at home . Capt. And if we find him absent from his camp. She wanes again. Captain. . Aid thy obedient servant. the force of Tamburlaine greater. Fear not. All priest. of A/na. and the victories Wherewith he hath so sore dismayed the world His fortune Are greatest to discourage all our drifts . soldiers. Yet when the pride of Cynthia is at full. Marching about the air with armed men To join with you against this Tamburlaine. stays . Renowned general. K.SCENE II.

And shed their feeble influence in the air Muffle your beauties with eternal clouds. So honour. and vanish govern his nativity. ! These cowards invisible assail his soul. Heaven. t ! . And Death with armies of Cimmerian spirits Gives battle 'gainst the heart of Tamburlaine Now in defiance of that wonted love Your sacred virtues poured upon his throne And made his state an honour to the Heavens. Weep. and Usumcasane. heavens. For Hell and Darkness pitch their pitchy tents. . you retain desert of holiness As your supreme estates instruct our thoughts. and majesty in his fall Triumphing But as whom his birth. ye powers that sway eternal seats And If guide this massy substance of the earth. Earth droops and says that hell in Heaven Tech. into liquid tears ! Fall. his life.Were strangely blest and governed by Heaven. III. And But threaten conquest on our sovereign if he die your glories are disgraced . that it it [act v.es. stars that And summon all the shining lamps of Heaven To cast their bootless fires to the earth. \_Exeunt. Be not inconstant. is placed.i6o TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. his health. life. Or Assail be rejoined again at full. (till Heaven dissolved be) His birth. Enter TheridamaSj Techelt. and majesty . and be sure of victory. SCENE Ther. careless of your fame. O then. health. Bear not the burthen of your enemies' joys you advanced.

take your swords. leave these impatient words. let us charge our spears and pierce his breast. Ah. to lose the honour of thy name set upon thy head 1 in thy haughty breast shame of such inexcellence. Yet make them feel the strength of Tamburlaine. And set black To signify the Ah. seeks to conquer mighty Tamburlaine ? Shall sickness prove me now to be a man. us march against the powers of Heaven. good my lord. i6i To see tliy footstool And let no baseness Sustain a Usum. strike the drums. shall I sit and languish in this pain ? No. Heaven. To see the devils mount in angels' thrones. Amyras. Come. M . Why. Blush. terror of the come. and in revenge of this. What daring god torments my body thus.) Is greater far than they can thus subdue is : For if he die thy glory disgraced in . And angels dive into the pools of hell And though they think their painful date is And that their power is puissant as Jove's. slaughter of the gods.] PART THE SECOND. out. Tajnb. Which makes them manage arms against thy state. Ther. Mar. Celebinus. friends. And Tamb. streamers in the firmament. Come. Earth droops and says that hell Heaven is placed. Which add much danger to your malady.SCENE III. afflicts And threaten let him whose hand my soul. war against the gods That thus envy the health of Tamburlaine. shall I what Come carry me to do ? I cannot stand. world ? That have been termed the Techelles and the rest. Enter Tamburlaine drawn in his chariot by the captive Kings as befo7-e. and Physicians. (Thy instrument and note of majesty.

I perish. Heaven and earth may fade. Tell \st Phy. Not Techelles ?— No ! for I shall die. Shaking and quivering. And cause some milder govern you. comes stealing on. which some hold -Is not a parcel of the elements. Because I stay Techelles. Look. it is last. Sit still. my lord. The humidum and calor. my gracious lord so violent. Tech. away. haste to the court of Jove. myself. shoulders bear the axis of the world. Who flies away I at every glance I give.i62 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. or I'll fetch him down . let us march And weary Death with bearing souls to hell. when I look away. Death. Which. this day is critical. Will him to send Apollo hither straight. To cure me. cannot last. Tamb. he comes again. Whose That. being the cause of Besides. and hie thee to the field and mine army come to load thy back With souls of thousand mangled carcases. this grief will cease. life. if [act v. doth make your danger great Your veins are full of accidental heat. Which abate the fury of your spirits fit. and the hypostasis Thick and obscure. Dangerous to those whose crisis is as yours . where he goes but see. Theridamas. : \st Phy. I me what think you of my sickness now ? viewed your urine. And. Taml). Whereby the moisture of your blood is dried. And See. pale and wan Stands aiming at for fear. But of a substance more divine and pure. where my slave. ! Villain. . Is almost clean extinguished and spent imports your death. the ugly monster. me with his murdering dart. Pleaseth your majesty to drink will this potion.

That Callapine should be I my slave again. . the field. in that lately fled from your majesty. In vain I strive and against those powers. the villain's power fight. Tamburlaine and the rest. my physicians now. you slaves In spite of death. all I follow. Thus are the villain cowards fled for fear. your highness so strong. above a day. in spite of death. that the soul. which alongst the veins convey which the heart engenders. Enter Messenger. is Live to give offer of another my lord. Yet. Which only Tamb. all presently re-enter.SCENE III. with the exception of the Physicians. Casane. My looks shall make them fly. See. That can endure so well your royal presence. I will dismay the enemy.] PART THE SECOND. it know will. how Jove hath sent A present medicine to recure my pain. The lively spirits Are parched and void of spirits. Wanting those organons by which it moves. Mes. offers to set upon us Tamb. My lord. I joy. is perceive my martial strength rail spent. young Callapine. Then will I comfort my vital parts. They Tamb. by argument of art. if your majesty may escape this day. Draw. [^Alarms within. I will [A/arums. — Exit go show my face. 163 Your artiers. Cannot endure. hath now gathered a fresh army. all. and might There should not one of Ustcm. . Like summer's vapours vanished by the sun And But could I but awhile pursue the field. and hearing your absence presently. . And live. No doubt but you shall soon recover all Tainb.

not far from Alexandria. to have the Venetian Republic at the beginning of the led to its ruin sixteenth century wished. The project was started. who reigned 1394 1328 B. Marlowe's lines. indeed. however. the Cape of Good Hope in 1497 having dealt a terrible blow to the commercial prosperity of Venice it may be said.^ From thence to Nubia near Borno lake. restored and extended it in the direction of Old Cairo. Egypt and Arabia. and its course is partly followed by Arabia the existing Suez Canal. That men might quickly sail to India. where his great I into I took The Turk and Thence marched Empress prisoners. my boys. if possible. to hinder the passage of the rebel troops from but traces of it remain. Mansour in 775. Give me a map then let me see how much . Being distant less than full a hundred leagues. but the Mameluke Sultans of Egypt opposed it. Arab conqueror of Egypt..C. me to conquer all the world. Along Armenia and the Caspian Sea.i64 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. — It had become partly silted up when Amrou. . That these. I meant to cut a channel to them both. ^ Bullen (following Cunningham) points to this as an anticipation of the present Suez Canal. He wanted to bring the end of it directly into the Mediterranean instead of into the Nile. fearing that the Mediterranean corsairs would then be able to sail It was filled up by All direct into the Red Sea. the about 277 B.C. and was completed by Ptolemy Philadelphus II. forbade this. [act v. Whereas the Terrene and the Red Sea meet. And here. As much too high for this disdainful earth. to pierce the Isthmus of Suez according to a plan laid before them by Niccolo da Conti. — — . That mean to invest me in a higher throne. vuip. may finish all my Is left for wants. \One brings a Here I began to march towards Persia. but Omar the Caliph. and the Republic not being strong enough to carry it out by force. were evidently inspired by the followVasco de Gama's discovery of the sea route to India by ing fact. And thence unto Bithynia. it had to be given up. but a canal extending from the most eastern branch of the Nile in the neighbourhood of Bubastis to Arsinoe (Suez) on the Red Sea was commenced by Sesostris.

and this unconquered? Lo. is Whose matter Cel. is where I stay against my five will Which Look Unto from Scythia. how should our bleeding with your highness' life? grief. Backwards and forwards near here. declining from our sight. my sons.e. fiery spirit it contains. thousand leagues. and . Lies westward from the midst of Cancer's the rising of this earthly globe . no hope survives. here. Then. by the northern part of I came at iast to Graecia. your Alas. this subject. which never was descried. command in spite of death. hearts. Africa. Wounded and broken Your Retain a thought of joy or spark of soul gives essence to our wretched subjects. where I first began. Cutting the Tropic line of Capricorn. sons. Whereas the sun. and from thence To Asia. Wherein are rocks of pearl that shine as bright the lamps that beautify the sky ! And That shall I die. lives Amy. lovely boys let what death forbids my life. not of force enough To hold the part. my boys . are all the golden mines. For by your life we entertain our lives. see what a world of ground line. But. Begins the day with our Antipodes And shall I d. conquered all as far as Zanzibar. Your pains do pierce our souls. Tamb. 165 And I so along the Ethiopian sea. my lord. More worth than Asia and the world beside And from the Antarctic Pole eastward behold As much more As all land. incorporate in your flesh. this unconquered ? Here.SCENE III.] PART THE SECOND. Inestimable drugs and precious stones. Must imparting his impressions .

Leading a life that only strives to die. that I to Then now remove me. Nor bar thy mind that magnanimity reins That nobly must admit necessity. the ruin of our proper souls ! More than Tamb. Sit up. still . Ther. A woful change. [act v.j66 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. and with those silken Bridle the steeled stomachs of those jades. And plead in vain unpleasing sovereignty? son. my boy. Let not thy love exceed thine honour. Aviy. take my scourge crown. Deny my soul fruition of her joy I step. my son. how well become thy father's majesty. And mount my royal chariot of estate. my lord. though I die. my lords. With what a flinty bosom should I joy The breath of life and burthen of my soul. How should or stir my hateful feet Against the inward powers of my heart. my son. that daunts our thoughts. retain Shall my spirit. Sit up. live in all your seeds immortally. . and let me see Thou wilt If not resolved into resolved pains. to make my last remove. That I may see thee crowned before I die. may resign • My place and proper title First. and my imperial [T/iey lift Jdin from the chariot. Help me. By My And divided in your precious shapes. Tamb. And that the spiteful influence of Heaven. My body's mortified lineaments Should exercise the motions of my heart. ! Pierced with the joy of any dignity O father ! if the unrelenting ears hell Of death and be shut against my prayers. equal portions into both your breasts flesh.

Heavens witness me with what a broken heart And damned spirit And send my soul. And when my soul hath virtue of your sight. Then feels your majesty no sovereign ease. Nor may our hearts. Usiim. Cannot behold the tears ye shed for me. My you must obey his majesty. Pierce through the coffin And glut your longings with a . Then let ! \_T/iey bring in the hearse ^Zenocrate. And therefore still augments his cruelty. As precious is the charge thou undertakest As that which Clymene's brain-sick son did guide. That his tear-thirsty and unquenched hate May be upon himself reverberate Tech. Joy any hope of your recovery? Tamb. all drowned in tears of blood. fire learn with awful eye To sway a throne as dangerous as his . some God oppose his holy power Against the wrath and tyranny of Death. my son Guiding thy chariot with thy and the sheet of gold.] PART THE SECOND. Casane. Now fetch the hearse of fair Zenocrate Let it be jilaced by this And serve as parcel of my fatal chair. Tamb. Amy. Since fate commands and proud I necessity. 167 Ther. father's hand. were scorched. lord. then . ! his burning agony \They crown Amyras. no . ascend this seat. heaven of joy. breathing Be warned by him. like -^tna.SCENE III. my funeral. scourge and control those slaves. When wandering Phoebe's ivory cheeks And all the earth. before my father die. the monarch of the earth. Now eyes enjoy your latest benefit. His anguish and Tainh. So reign. And eyeless monster that torments my soul.

\He and here all let all dies.i68 TAMBURLAINE THE GREAT. The nature of these proud rebelling jades Will take occasion by the slenderest hair. And Heaven consumed For both * his choicest living Let Earth and Heaven his timeless^ death deplore. die. the pride of Phaeton. my soul doth weep to see Your sweet desires deprived my company. things For Earth hath spent the pride of her fruit. their worths will equal him no more. - Probably a form of " Pythius. For Tamburlaine. And draw The thee piecemeal like Hippolitus. . clifts. my dearest friends farewell My body feels. fire. the scourge of God. my boys . Through rocks more steep and sharp than Caspian nature of thy chariot will not bear of baser temper than myself." Untimely. Earth. Meet Heaven and end. if [act v. must Amy. A guide More than Heaven's coach Farewell. For thy body thrive not full of thoughts As pure and fiery as Phyteus" beams.

THE JT^aiCcAL HISTORY OF V\ FcAUSTUS. .

[HE

earliest

known

edition of

The Tragical

History of Doctor Faiestus is that of there is a second edition with 1604
;

date of 1609, agreeing in ahnost every
particular with the
first
;

a third edition

with

was published in 1616. with some readings adopted from the edition of 1616, in general agreement with the texts of Dyce and BuUen. It is very doubtful if any of the additions in the edition of 1616 are by Marlowe Mr. Bullen thinks that soxTie of them are. They are often ingenious, and sometimes they are improvements. They appear to be written by a clever and facile imitator of Marlowe's style. The comic additions are taken
;

new scenes and many alterations, The text here given is that of 1604,

from the prose History of the damriable Life and deserved-

Death of Dr. John Faustus ; the serious additions are closely moulded on Marlowe's early work. We know that in 1602 William Bride and Samuel Rowley received four pounds for making " adicyones " to Faustus. I have retained the excellent plan, introduced by Professor Ward and adopted by Mr. Bullen, of dividing the play into scenes only it is a
:

dramatic

poem

rather than a regular drama.

DRAMATIS PERSON/E.
The
Pope.
of
of

Cardinal

Lorrain.

Emperor

Duke

of

Germany. Vanholt.
)

Faustus. Valdes, Cornelius,

}

Fnends

^

.

,

to

Faustus.

Wagner,
Clown.

Servant to Faustus.

Robin.

Ralph.
Vintner, Horse-Courser, Knight, Old Man, Scholars,
Friars,

and Attendants.

Duchess

of

Vanholt.

Lucifer. Belzebub. Mephistophilis.

Good

Angel.
Sins.

Evil Angel.

The Seven Deadly
Devils.
Spirits in the

his

shape of ALEXANDER THE Great, of Paramour, and of Helen of Troy,

Chorus.

THE TT^GICqAL HISTORY OF

VOCTO\
E/iter

FcAUSTUS.

Chorus.
marching now
in fields

HORUS. Not

of Trasymene,

Where Mars did mate'
nians
;

the Carthagi-

Nor

sporting

in

the

dalliance

of

love,

In courts of kings where state is overturned ; Nor in the pomp of proud audacious deeds,
Intends our

Muse

to

vaunt his heavenly verse

:

Only

this,

gentlemen,

—we must perform
good or bad
;

The form

of Faustus' fortunes,

To patient judgments we appeal our plaud, And speak for Faustus in his infancy.

Now

is

he born,

his parents base of stock,
;

In Germany, within a town called Rhodes Of riper years to Wertenberg he went,
^ Confound. Trasimenus.

The Carthaginians were, however,
Duchy
of Saxe-Altenburg.

victorious at

Lake

'

Roda,

in the

Bulkn,

174

THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF

[scene

I.

Whereas his kinsmen^ chiefly brought him up. So soon he profits in divinity,

The

fruitful plot

of scholarism graced,

That shortly he was graced with doctor's name. Excelling all whose sweet delight disputes
In heavenly matters of theology
Till swollen with
;

cunning- of a self-conceit,

His waxen wings did mount above his reach, And, melting, Heavens conspired his overthrow
For, falling to a devilish exercise,

And

glutted

now

with learning's golden

gifts.

He

surfeits

upon cursbd necromancy.
is

Nothing so sweet as magic

to him.

Which he

prefers before his chiefest bliss.

And

this the

man

that in his study

sits

!

\Exit.

SCENE
Faustus

I. '

discovered in his Study.

AUST.

Settle thy studies, Faustus,

and

begin

To sound
profess

the depth of that thou wilt

Having commenced, be a divine
show,

in

Yet

level at the
live

And
1

end of every art. and die in Aristotle's works.

Perhaps "kinsmen" should be "kinsWhereas, i.e. where. " it is " uncle " in the prose History. The word occurs throughout the play in the i.e. Knowledge. sense of knowledge or skill. Dyce suggests that probably the Chorus, before going out, drew

man
2
•*

;

a curtain, and. disclosed Faustus sitting in his study.

SCENE

I.]

DOCTOR FAUSTUS.
'tis

175
[^Re.xds.

Sweet Analytics,

tiiou hast ravished

me,

Bene

disserere est finis logices.

Is to dispute well logic's chiefest

end?
?

Affords this art no greater miracle

Then

read no more, thou hast attained the end

A

greater subject fitteth Faustus' wit
;

Bid on cai me on ^ farewell

Galen come,

Seeing Ubi desinit Philosophus ibi incipit Medicus ; Be a physician, Faustus, heap up gold.

And

be eternised for some wondrous cure. Summuni bonum medicince sanitas, The end of physic is our body's health. Why, Faustus, hast thou not attained that end
Is not thy

[^Reads.

?

common
bills ^

talk

found Aphorisms

}'

Are not thy

hung up as monuments,
have escaped the plague.
?

Whereby whole

cities

And
Yet

thousand desperate maladies been eased
art

thou

still

but Faustus and a man.

Couldst thou make

men

to live eternally,
life

Or, being dead, raise them to

again.

Then

this profession

were to be esteemed.
is

Physic, farewell.

—Where
res

Justinian ?

{^Reads.

Si una eademqiie
valorem

legatur

duobus, alter rem,

alter

rei, cs^c.
!

A

pretty case of paltry legacies

[Reads.
nisi, &=€.

Ex

hxreditare filium non potest pater

1 This is Mr. Ed. 1604 reads " OncayBullen's emendation. mseon," by which Marlowe meant the Aristotelian oc roi fi^ ov The later 4tos. give (with various spell(" being and not being "). ing) " CEconomy," which is nonsense. ^ Maxims of medical practice. 3 Prescriptions by which he had worked his cures. Professor

Ward

thinks the reference is rather to " the advertisements by which, as a migratoiy physician, he had been in the habit of announcing his advent, and perhaps his system of cures, and which

were now

'

hung up

as

monuments'

in per/ietictcm."

—Bulkn.

176

THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF
is

[scene

I.

Such

the subject of the Institute

And

universal
fits

Body of the Law.
a mercenary drudge,

This study

Who
Too

aims at nothing but external trash
servile
all is

When

and illiberal for me. done divinity is best
it

Jerome's Bible, Faustus, view
Stipendiutn peccati mors
est.

well.
!

\Reads.
6^r.

Ha
et

SHpendium,

The reward
If

of sin

is

death.

That's hard.

[Reads.

Si peccasse negatnus fallimiir

nulla esl in nobis Veritas.

we

say that

we have no

sin

we deceive
then, belike

ourselves,

and
sin,

there's

no

truth in us.

Why

we must

and so consequently die. Ay, we must die an everlasting death. What doctrine call you this, Che sera seta,

What

will

be

shall

be

?

Divinity, adieu

!

These metaphysics of magicians And necromantic books are heavenly Lines, circles, scenes, letters, and characters
:

;

Ay, these are those that Faustus most desires.

O
Is

what a world of

profit

and

delight,

Of power,

of honour, of omnipotence
!

promised to the studious artisan

All things that
Shall be at

move between
:

the quiet poles

my command
raise the

emperors and kings

Are but obeyed

in their several provinces.

Nor can they
But
his

wnnd or rend the clouds
in this

dominion that exceeds

Stretcheth as far as doth the

mind

of man,

A

sound magician
tire

is

a mighty god

Here, Faustus,

thy brains to gain a deity.

Wagner

!

I

The

old form of spelling for "sara."

SCENE

I.J

DOCTOR FAUSTUS,
Enter Wagner.

177

Commend me
The German Valdes and
Request them earnestly
to visit

to

my
;

dearest friends,

Cornelius

me.
\Exit.

Wag.

I will, sir.

Faust. Their conference will be a greater help to

me

Than

all

my

labours, plod I ne'er so

fast.

Enter Good Angel and Evil Angel.
G. Aug. O Faustus lay that damned book And gaze not on it lest it tempt thy soul, And heap God's heavy wrath upon thy head.
!

aside,

Read, read the Scriptures
E. Ang.

:

that

is

blasphemy.
art,

Go

forward, Faustus, in that famous
:

Wherein all Nature's treasure is contained Re thou on earth as Jove is in the sky, Lord and commander of these elements. [Exeunt Angels.
Faust.
Shall I

How am
me
of
all

I glutted

with conceit of this
I please,

!

make

spirits fetch

me what

Resolve

ambiguities.
I will ?

Perform what desperate enterprise
I'll

have them
search

fly to

India for gold.

Ransack the ocean

for orient pearl.

And
I'll

all

corners of the new-found world

For pleasant

fruits

and princely

delicates;

have them read
tell

me
all

strange philosophy
all

And
I'll

the secrets of

foreign kings
brass,

have them wall
swift

Germany with
circle fair

And make
I'll

Rhine

Wertenberg,
silk,

have them

fill

the public schools with
shall

Wherewith the students
I'll

be bravely clad

levy soldiers with the coin they bring,
Mar.

K

178

THE Tragical history of
chase the Prince of Parma from our land,
reign sole king of
all

[scene

i.

And And

the provinces

;

Yea, stranger engines for the brunt of war

I'll

Than was the fiery keel at Antwerp's make my servile spirits to invent.
Etiier

bridge,^

Valdes and Cornelius."
Cornelius,

Come, German Valdes and

And make me

blest with your sage conference.

Valdes, sweet Valdes, and Cornelius,

Know that your words To practise magic and

have won

me

at tlie last
:

concealed arts

Yet not your words only, but mine own fantasy That will receive no object, for my head
* This refers to an incident at the blockade of Antwerp by the Prince of Parma in 1585, which is thus described in Grimestone's '• They of Getierall Historic of the Nethei-laiids p. 875, ed. 1609 Antuerpe knowing that the bridge and the Stocadoes were finished, made a great shippe, to be a meanes to breake all this work of the prince of Parmaes ; this great shippe was made of mason's worke vpon the hatches there within, in the manner of a vaulted caue were layed myll-stones, graue-stones, and others of great weight and within the vault were many barrels of powder, ouer the which there were holes ; and in them they had put matches, hanging at a thred, the which burning vntill they came vnto the thred, would fall And for that they could not into the powder, and so blow vp all. haue any one in this shippe to conduct it, Lanckhaer, a sea captaine of the Hollanders, being then in Antuerpe, gaue them counsell to tye a great beame at the end of it, to make it to keepe a straight In this sort floated this course in the middest qf the streame. shippe the fourth of Aprill, vntill that it came vnto the bridge ; where (within a while after) the powder wrought his effect, with such violence, as the vessell, and all that was within it, and vpon it, flew in pieces, carrying away a part of the Stocado and of the bridge. The marquesse of Roubay Vicont of Gant, Gaspar of Robles lord of Billy, and the Seignior of Torchies, brother vnto the Seignior of Bours, with many others, were presently slaine ; which were torne in pieces, and dispersed abroad, both vpon the land and vpon the water." - This is the famous Cornelius Agrippa. German (possibly meant for " Hermann") Valdes is not known. Various improbable persons have been brought forward. In Scene II. it is said "they two are infamous through the world." I can only suggest that Marlowe
:

,

:

may have meant

Paracelsus.

SCENE

I.]

DOCTOR FAUSTUS.
skill.

179

But ruminates on necromantic
Philosophy
is

odious and obscure,
for petty wits
;

Both law and physic are
Divinity
is

basest of the three,
vile
:

Unpleasant, harsh, contemptible, and
'Tis magic,

magic that hath ravished me.
friends, aid

Then, gentle

me

in this

attempt

And

I that

have with concise syllogisms

Gravelled the pastors of the

German

church,

And made the flowering pride of Wertenberg Swarm to my problems, as the infernal spirits On sweet Musseus,^ when he came to hell,
Will be as cunning as Agrippa^ was,

Whose shadow made

all

Vald. Faustus, these books, thy wit,

Europe honour him. and our experience

Shall make all nations to canonise us. As Indian Moors obey their Spanish lords,

So

shall the spirits of every

element

Be always
Like lions

serviceable to us three
shall they

guard us when we please
^

Like Almain rutters

with their horsemen's staves

Or Lapland
Sometimes

giants,^ trotting

by our

sides

;

like

women

or

unwedded maids,
brows
:

Shadowing more beauty

in their airy

Than have the white breasts of the queen of love From Venice shall they drag huge argosies,

And

from America the golden fleece
stuffs

That yearly
If learned
1

old Philip's treasury
will

;

Faustus

be resolute.

Ain. vi. 667. Cornelius Agrippa whom he is addressing, here spuken of as another person. " In Booki. of his work De Occulta Fhilosophia, Agrippa gives directions for the operations of sciomancy." IVard. Germ, /betters. Troopers. * On the contrary, Laplanders are almost dwarfs. Marlowe falls
Cf. Virgil,
i.

2

e.

"*

into a similar error in Tambwiaijie.

See

ante, p. 90.

N

2

first let Corn. And ^ then wilt thou be perfecter than Dlintzer suggests that Marlowe refers to Pietro d'Abano. an and alchemist who narrowly escaped burning by He was born about 1250 and died about 13 16. him know the words of art And then. therefore object not. The Hebrew and is New Testament. Valdes. . Then doubt not. And more frequented for this mystery Than heretofore the Delphian Oracle. First instruct thee in the rudiments. to live . Then Within the massy entrails of the earth tell me. all other ceremonies learned. Vald. Will The miracles that magic will perform make thee vow to study nothing else. whose works were considered to possess magical Italian physician the Inquisition. the wealth that our forefathers hid . Nothing. Faustus. may conjure in some bushy grove. I. tus. And Ay. in full possession. properties. try his I'll Faustus may cunning by himself." the schoolman. ^ bear wise Bacon's and Albanus' Psalter works. Then haste thee to some solitary grove. but to be renowned. and wrote a work called Conciliator Differentiaritm Philosophorum "Albanus" was changed by Mitford into " Alberet Medicorum. Valdes. as resolute As thou Corn. well seen Hath all the principles magic doth require. The spirits tell me they can dry the sea. Faustus. And And And have these joys Vald. fetch the treasure of all all foreign wrecks. whatsoever else requisite We will inform thee ere our conference cease. Enriched with tongues. in minerals. Faust. is He that grounded in astrology. Cornelius ! ? O this cheers my soul Come show me some That I demonstrations magical. what shall we three want Faust.l8o THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF am I in this it [scene I.

and I'll We'll canvas every quiddity thereof For ere I sleep I'll try what I I can do : This night conjure tho' die therefore.J DOCTOR FAUSTUS. t7vo Scholars. 2nd Schol. that you. \_Exeunt. ! Go to. Then come and dine with me. . sirrah Where's thy master? ! Wag. for see here comes Efiter ist Schol. should stand upon : therefore acknowledge your error and be attentive. know. I ? heard you. Well. dost not thou know I ? Wag.^ wonder what's become of Faustus schools ring with sic probo shall ? that was his wont to make our 2?id Schol. sir. sirrah. wherefore should you ask 1 me such a question ? But that It as Wagner has been suggested that the scene is before Faustus's house. you would never ask me such a question not he corpus naturale ? and is not that mobile 1 then . God 2Jid Schol. ist Schol. Yes. you will not tell . That we know. Yes. and tell us where he is. sirrah leave your jesting. That follows not necessary by force of argument. us ? Wag. I will tell you yet if you were not for is dunces.SCENE ii. Ask 2}id Schol. didst thou not say thou knewest Wag. Wagner. But that follows not. l8i after meat. Yes. presently speaks of his master being within at dinner. being licentiates. ! How in now. Wag. Have you any witness on't ? ist Schol. I II. heaven knows Why. Why. SCENE Enter ist Schol. Wag. my fellows if I be a thief. Faust.

if let us go and inform the Rector. and keep you. to conjure. Bullen points out that the above four lines are repeated verbatim '^ in the first scene of Taming of a Slirew. nance Thus having triumphed over you. but I fear me nothing can reclaim him. See the conversation between Faustus and Valdes towards the end of Scene I. if it . Leaps from the antarctic world unto the sky. begin thine incantations. as this wine. Nay. my my master is within at dinner. But come. were not for you to come I within forty feet of the place of execution. my dear brethren. and see he by his grave counsel can reclaim him. although do not doubt to see you both hanged the next sessions. and begin to speak dear brethren. I fear he has fallen into that damned 2nd Art. could speak. 1594. my dear brethren. 1 The scene is supposed to be a grove. set my : counte- thus — Truly. Were he yet should I grieve for him. and not allied to me. and prone to lechery (to love. 27id Schol. \s4 Schol. Yet let us try what we can do. am by nature phlegmatic. preserve you. III. And dims the welkin with her pitchy breath. with Valdes and Cornelius. I would say). .^ Now that the gloomy shadow of the earth Longing to view Orion's drizzling look. slow to wrath. for which they two are infamous through a stranger. • \st Schol. would inform your worships and so the Lord bless you. I will like a precisian." Faustus. Schol. O.i8z I THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF it [scene hi. SCENE Enter Faustus Faust. the world. then. \Exit. {^Exeunt.

SCENE III. propitiamus tos. By which the spirits are enforced to rise Then fear not. Forward and backward anagramraatised. my heavenly words art ? Who would not be proficient in this How pliant is this Mephistophilis. Fleay and Mr. aquatajii spiritus. The breviated names of holy saints. suggested by Mr. inferni a7'dentis monarcha. BuUen. Thou art too ugly to attend on me. i. Full of obedience Such is the force of magic and humility and my ! spells Now Faustus.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. I charge thee to return and change thy shape friar . salvetc ! priticrps Belzebub. Quin ^ thou art conjuror laureat. surgat Mephisto- secratam Quid tu inoraris 1" per Jehovain. but be resolute. Wandering. in place of 'quod tumeraris. And characters of signs and erring ^ stars.e. And try the uttermost magic can perform. \Exit Mephis. obey thy best. Orientis et Si7it mihi Dei Acherontis propitii I Valeat numen triplex aerii. JehovcB ! Ignei. Faustus. et Demo- gorgon. sigmimque crucis quod ?iobis nuncfacio. 2 "Quid ' . et per vota nostra^ ipse nunc surgat dicatus Mephistophilis I Enter Mephistophilis. Within this circle is Jehovah's name. ut appareat philis. . tu moraris?" preparatory to a weightier invocation. et co?iaquam qiiam nunc spargo. : That canst command great Mephistophilis regis Mephistophilis fratris imagine. Gehennam. 183 And try if devils will Seeing thou hast prayed and sacrificed to them. Figures of every adjunct to the Heavens. Go. and return an old Franciscan That holy shape becomes a I see there's virtue in devil best.

Did not he charge thee to appear to me ? Meph. with a bell in his hand like Saint Anthony. that he might know of his certaine coming. her sphere. and to ring it once or twice before he appeared. in the morning betimes he called the spirit before him. Already done So Faustus hath and holds this . For when we hear one rack the name of God. : And may not follow thee without his leave No more Faust. sljall Faust. That was the cause. a Franciscan Friar/ Meph. Meph. There is no chief but only Belzebub. To whom Faustus doth dedicate himself. but yet per accldens . We fly in hope to get his glorious soul Nor will we come. Faustus. ^ : — his . " After Dr. Abjure the Scriptures and his Saviour Christ. Faust. and commanded him that he should alwayes come to him like a fryer after the order of Saint Francis. And pray devoutly to the Prince of Hell. ? Meph. am a servant to great Lucifer. principle. I charge thee wait To do Be Or it whatever Faustus command. No. This word " damnation " terrifies not him. to make I the moon drop from the ocean to overwhelm the world. than he commands must we perform. Faust. Faustus had made In the prose History we read promise to the devill. Now. I came hither of mine own accord. Did not my conjuring speeches raise thee Speak. unless he use such means Whereby he is in danger to be damned : Therefore the shortest cut for conjuring Is stoutly to abjure the Trinity.1 84 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF Re-enter Mephistophilis like [scene iir. what would'st thou have to me do? upon me whilst I live.

and most dearly loved of God. Faust. Faust. Letting him live in all voluptuousness .SCENE III. Where hell. And what are you that live with Lucifer ? Meph. Arch-regent and commander of all spirits. Faust. . and twenty years. : Seeing Faustus hath incurred eternal death desperate thoughts against Jove's deity. For which God threw him from the face of Heaven. Meph. O. Am O not tormented with ten thousand hells. 185 For he confounds hell in Elysium His ghost be with the old philosophers But. In being deprived Faustus 1 of everlasting bliss ? leave these frivolous demands. Which strike a terror to is my fainting soul. Was not that Lucifer an angel once ? Mfph. leaving these vuin Tell trifles ! of men's souls. to Say he surrenders up So he will spare him four him his soul. by aspiring pride and insolence . Unhappy spirits that fell with Lucifer.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. Faust. nor am I out of it it Think'stthou that I who saw the face of God. ? Conspired against our God with Lucifer. How comes then that thou art out Why this is hell. damned ? of hell? Meph. And tasted the eternal joys of Heaven. Yes. How comes it then that he is Prince of devils Meph. Faustus. What. great Mephistophilis so passionate ? For being deprived of the joys of Heaven Learn thou of Faustus manly fortitude. And scorn those joys thou never shalt Go bear these tidings to great Lucifer By possess. In Faust. And are for ever damned are you with Lucifer. Faust. ? me what is that Lucifer thy lord Meph.

\^Exit. Inform me. And then resolve ^ me of thy master's mind. boy ! I hope you have ^ many boys with such pickadevaunts as I have boy." ! ! Wag. Now I'll that I have obtained what I desire.e. pic-d-devant).:i86 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF [scene iv. Spain. . By him I'll be great Emperor of the world. . Meph. To tell me whatsoever I demand. Having thee ever to attend on me To give m e whatsoever I shall ask. The Emperor shall not live but by my Nor any potentate of Germany. Fausi. And meet me in my study at midnight. To pass the ocean with a band of men : I'll join the hills that bind the Afric shore. quotha * i. Clown. Enter Wagner and Clown. To slay mine enemies. SCENE IV. boy. And make a bridge thorough the moving air. leave. live in speculation of this art \Exit. and aid my friends. Go and return to mighty Lucifer. How. all for Mephistophilis. Till Mephistophilis return again. And always be obedient to my will. boy Swowns. I'd give I will. And make that country continent to And both contributory to my crown. Had them I as many souls as there be stars. Faustus. 2 It is •'' suggested by Dyce that the scene is probably a Beards cut to a sharp point (Fr. seen Sirrah. come hither. street.

SCENE IV. and I'll make Qui ?)iihi discipulus Cloccni. and chiefly inhabited by dealers in old goods and glass bottles. Ay.first Dyce words of W. Knave's left acre ^ I. Lily's '^ Ad discipidos carmen de moribus. how. I had need have -sauce to it. ! ! ! belike if Wag. and goings out too. in verse ? .] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. or familiars. Alas. wilt Wag.^ I Huw. Do you hear ? I would be sorry to rob you of your living. No. and good thee go if I pay so dear. thought that was all the land his father him. though 'twere blood-raw. ^ii^'"Clo7vn. points out that these are the . soul to the Devil for a shoulder of ! How ? My mutton. it well roasted good friend. sirrah in beaten silk and 1 stavesacre. shalt. and "they shall tear thee in Do you hear. I say in stavesacre. leave your jesting. V- Cloxvn. Cloivn. How. like thou serve ? ^ us. Sirrah. Well. sirrah. Wag. sirrah. poor slave nakedness ! ! see how poverty jesteth in his the villain I is bare and out of service. So thou no. Not so. whether thou beest with turn me or But. You may see else. and bind yourself I'll presently unto me all the lice about thee into pieces. still used for destroying lice. ^ Knave's Acre (Poultney Street) described by Strype as narrow. Wag. for seven years. I were your Why then Oho Oho Stavesacre man I should be full of vermin. A . and so give his soul to fhe devil hungry that Clorun. Wag. though 'twere blood-raw By'r Lady. Tell me. sir ? You may already : save that labour : they are too familiar with as bold with me swowns ! they are my flesh as if they had paid for their meat and ^ drink. know he would for a shoulder of mutton. thou any comings in ? Clown. hast 187 Wag." 2 ranunculageous plant (Delphinium staphisagria).

but in the as man were — ! would folks say ? " round slop^ he has Do you see yonder tall fellow in the I — killed the devil. they have vile long nails she-devil he-devils ! What. Wag. Wag. take your gridirons again. they were never so knocked since Say I should kill one of them. Clown. There was a he-devil." So should be called Kill-devil all the parish over. if I Clown. Clown. whensoever and wheresoever the Devil shall fetch thee. thou art at an hour's warning. French crowns. Gridirons ! what be they ? Wag. Wag. away! \ExeuntT)Qs'\\%. : Clown runs up and down crying. the Enter two Devils Wag. do you guilders. Hold. Wag. Here. and all she-devils has clifts and cloven feet. Clojvn. Clown. and a I'll tell you how you shall know them . [scene iv. Clown. No. Let your Baliol and your Belcher come here. trunk hose. Baliol and Belcher! Spirits. take these [Gives money. sirrah ? . and I'll knock them. Well. Well. Bear witness I gave them him. And what should I do with these ? Wag. But. Clown. I will cause two devils presently to fetch thee away Baliol and Belcher. Wag. Well. Truly I'll none of them. no. are they gone ? A vengeance on them. sirrah. all ! has horns. do you hear — should serve you. what they were devils Clown. Why. would ? me to raise * up Banios and Belcheos breeches. Why. Wide . now.i88 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF hear. Bear witness I give them you again. a good have as many £nglish counters. name of French crowns. you teach sirrah. Mass. Truly but you shall. follow me.

or anything. come. Faustus. do you hear. Cloivn. If you turn me into any- be in the likeness of a little pretty frisking that I may be here and there and everywhere. . Wag. I will teach thee to turn thyself to cat. Wag. Clown. turn to God again Ay. and despair Despair in God. V. fustian. that's SCENE Faustus Faust. I'll be amongst them. no. Wag. Wagner ? How Baliol and Belcher O Lord I pray. Now go not backward Why waver'st thou ? O. Well. Oh. or a rat.xit. anything . God follow forgive me. Clown. Faustus. 189 to Wag. cat. let flea. Now. To God? He loves thee not — . faith. and eye be diametarily fixed upon vestigiis nostris insistere. sir. How rat ! a Christian fellow to a dog or a a mouse or a thing. {^Exit. sir. and Faustus will turn to God again. no. Villain— call me Master Wagner. must Thou needs be damned. and trust in : Belzebub . or a a mouse. and canst thou not be saved What boots it then to think of God or Heaven ? Away with such vain fancies.SCENE v. be resolute something soundeth ! in mine ears "Abjure this magic. But. tickle the pretty i' wenches' plackets . sirrah. Well. thy left my right heel. I'll him : I'll serve him. let Banio ! ! ! and BelCher go let sleep. with quasi \E. I'll it No.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. he speaks Dutch flat. or ! a dog. discovered in his Study. Clown.

they are means to bring thee unto Heaven. tliee. Ang. Wherein is fixed the love of Belzebub To him I'll build an altar and a church. repentance ! What of them ? G. Ang. But. Ang. \Exmnt Faust. Mephistophile ! Enter Mephistophilis. — E. If thou deny I will back to hell.I90 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF serv'st is thine [scene v. Contrition. Already Faustus hath hazarded that for Meph. No. Angels. The God thou own appetite. When Mephistophilis shall stand by me. buy my service with his soul. prayer. Stay. Sweet Faustus. think of honour and of wealth. Mephistophilis Veni. Eiiter Good Angel and Evil Angel. what says Lucifer thy lord I shall ? Meph. art. illusions fruits of lunacy. thou must bequeath it solemnly. it. E. Ang. Mephistophilis. Now So he • tell me. And offer lukewarm blood of new-born babe?. That makes men foolish that do trust them most. Faustus. ! Faust. Ang. thou art safe : What God can Cast no more doubts. Mephistophilis and tell me what good Will my soul do thy lord. Rather. O. . Faust. . And Is't bring glad tidings from great Lucifer ? not midnight Come. hurt thee Faustus. And write a deed of gift with thine own blood. G. and heavenly things. That will wait on Faustus whilst he lives. G. Sweet Faustus. For that security craves great Lucifer. Come. Of wealth ! Why the signiory of Embden ? shall be mine. Faustus. think of Heaven. veni. leave that execrable Faust.

Meph. and wait on thee. But tell have thy soul ? And And I will be thy slave. for love proper blood of thee. I cut mine arm. . Ay. [ of gift Faust. thou must Write it in manner of a deed will. But. so I Writes?^ But. And let it be propitious for my wish. Why. "You" is of course the antecedent of " that. Lo. Is that the reason why he tempts us thus ? Meph. Faustus. Is it fetch thee fire straight. his 191 Meph. Faust.. ? Ah. Solamen miseris Faust. and I'll can write no more. Mephistophilis.SCENE v. [stabbing his arm. Faustus. Faustus. Then. socios habuisse doloris. stab thine at And And bind thy soul that arm courageously." Bullcn. Faustus gives to thee his soul. to dissolve it Meph. some certain day as his Great Lucifer may claim it own then be thou as great as Lucifer. have you any pain me. As great as have the human souls of men. shall I that tortures ' others ? Meph. What might it the staying of my blood portend ? unwilling I should write this bill ? Why streams not that I may write afresh ? Faustus gives to thee his soul. Ay. Chief lord and regent of perpetual night View here the blood that trickles from mine arm. Mephistophilis. give thee more than thou hast wit to ask. and with my Assure my soul to be great Lucifer's. Why Then 1 should'st thou not Is not thy soul thine own ? write again. Enlarge Faust. Mephistophilis. \Exit. there it stayed. I give thee. I My blood congeals. Meph.] Fajist. it Faust.] DOCTOR FAUSrUS. kingdom.

But show thee what magic can perform. ^ The sixth chapter of the prose History is headed "How Dr. and do greater things than these. Faustus. \Exit. Mephistophilis. Faustus. plain throw . Consu7nmatiim est : this bill is ended. and rich apparel to Faustus. may I raise up spirits when I please ? Meph. Meph. Then there's enough for a thousand souls. I swear by hell and Lucifer To effect all promises between us made. dance. fuge ! Meph. Faustus. with a chafer of coals. Nothing. Re-entsr Mephistophilis with Devils. here's nothing writ is I see here in this place writ fly.'' . : My senses are deceived it . Faust. \Aside. [ Meph. O what will not I do to obtain his soul. receive A deed of gift of body and of soul But yet conditionally that thou perform All articles prescribed between us both. on. Homo. Here's Faust. set it Meph. Ay. who give cro7vns and depart. Faust. fire. to this scroll.^ . So now the blood begins to clear again Now will I make an end immediately. Faustus set his blood in a saucer on warme ashes and writ as 'ol- — loweth. Here. And Faust. is ! But what If unto this inscription on mine arm I fly ? ? Homo^ fuge Whither should he'll God. Mephistophilis.192 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF Re-enter Mephistophilis [scene v. And Faustus hath bequeathed his soul to Lucifer. IVrites. I'll Yet fetch shall not Faustus him somewhat to delight his mind. me down to hell. but to delight thy what means this show ? mind withal. Come. Meph. Speak. Faustus. Faust.

following. or goods. when the world dissolves. Doctor. Faustus. Secondly^ that Mephistophilis shall be his and at his command. do you deliver this as your deed? Faust. on't Meph. Dyce pointed out that in the prose History of Dr. first : The words " he — — . Where we In one are tortured limits. that he servant. at all times. and his minister. Within the bowels of these elements. Hell hath no nor circumscribed is hell. ask what thou Tell Faust. Faust. Faustus. body and soul. me where is the place that men call hell ? Meph. soei'er and in what form or shape he pleases. First will I question with thee about hell. shall do for him and bring him tohatsoever he desires.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. Then hear me read them On these conditions Firsts that Faustus may be a spirit in form and substance." and another "he requireth. power to fetch er carry the said fohn Faustus.SCENE v." O Mar. John Faustus. and the Devil give thee good wilt. Prince : Mephistophilis of the East. Speak. that he shall appear to the said fohn Faustus. I. Thirdly. and remain is for ever. take it. the inviolate. but whereabout ? Meph. • where hell is there must we ever be to conclude. into their By me^ habitation wheresoever. blood. of Wertenberg. : self place for where we are all And And. Now. shall be in his chamber or house invisible. that articles above written twenty four years being expired. full Meph. John Faustus. : 193 Faust. the third article runs thus That Mephistophilis should bring him anything and do for him whatsoever " a later edition adding " he desired. Lastly. . desires " are not in the old quartos. Faustus. Under the Heavens.^ Fourthly. Ay. flesh. Ay. by these presents do give both body and soul to Lucifer. and furthermore grant unto thejn.

a fable. how dost thou » like thy wife ? Foolish. Ay. is any pain ? and mere old wives' tales. Faustus. live And cannot without a wife. and am now Faust. And All places shall be hell that Faust. with fireworks. Sit there till I come : I'll fetch thee a wife in the Devil's name. and body too . Come. Meph. But. Faust. How—a wife ? me one. for I I prithee. but what of is that ? so fond ^ to imagine That. after this life. talk not of a wife. an this be hell. sweet Mephistophilis. fetch will have one. these are trifles. Well — thou wilt have one. Meph. Meph. I think hell's still. Faust. Nay. think so mind. leaving off fairest me have a I maid in Germany . Re-enter Mephistophilis with a Devil dressed like a wof?ian. Meph. am wanton and lascivious. . What The For ? walking. not Heaven. I'll willingly be damned here wife. let But. disputing. &c. there Tush . ? this. Faustus. Ay. of necessity. to prove tlie For I am damned. till experience change thy Why. contrary. Faust. How now ! in hell ? Nay. for here's the scroll Wherein thou hast given thy soul Think'st thou that Faustus to Lucifer. Faustus. Tell me. think'st thou then damned ? that Faustus shall be Meph. Meph. {Exit.194 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF every creature shall be purified. . is [scene v. Ay. I am an instance in hell.

i. that I might know their motions and dispositions. thou art deceived.^ or as beautiful As was bright Lucifer before his fall. for a hot 195 A plague on her Meph. whom thine eye shall like. thunder and lightning . Faustus. Thanks. Queen of Sheba. The iterating . Meph. in this book. think no more of out the fairest courtesans. ' I warrant thee. As wise as Saba. Faust. And men Ready armour shall appear to thee. yet fain would I have a book wherein I might behold all spells and incantations. in to execute Meph. tempests. Mephistophilis . Pronounce this thrice devoutly to thyself. the to them. Here. Be she as chaste as was Penelope. and Faust: Nay. take this book. Faust.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS.e. it. Now would I have a book where I might see all characters and planets of the heavens. that I might raise up spirits when I please. let me have one book more. Faust. Faust. .SCENE v. - Repeating. Tut. peruse it thoroughly : \Gives abook. Here they be. whore ! Marriage is but a ceremonial toy . \Turns to them. Exeunt. herbs. wherein I might see all plants. [^Turns to them. cull thee And She bring them every morning to thy bed . Here they are. and then I have done. And I'll if thou lovest me. thy heart shall have. \_Turfis Sabaea. what thou desir'st. O. Tut. earth. Here they are too. Meph.of these lines brings gold The framing of this circle on the ground Brings whirlwinds. — — trees that grow upon the Meph.

earth. I behold the heavens. 'twas made me renounce magic and repent. . faith. man.196 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF SCENE When VI. And long ere this I should have slain myself. 'Twas made excellent. [scene I. Faustus. repent yet God will pity thee. Or any man Faust. Faustus. Faust. Enter Good Angel and Evil Angel. Who buzzeth in mine ears I am a spirit ? . G. therefore for is man more for Faust. thou art Poison. and damned " Then swords and envenomed steel ! knives. Thinkest thou Heaven is such a I tell glorious thing ? thee 'tis not half so fair as thou. wicked Mephistophilis. ^ The scene is supposed to be a room in Faustus's house. . Thou art a spirit God can not pity thee. E. then I repent. Be Ay. I a devil. gun. Had not sweet pleasure conquered deep despair. halters. Ang. Scarce can I name salvation. Ang. But fearful echoes thunder in mine ears " Faustus. And curse thee. E. yet God will pity God may pity me me if I repent. If I will it were made this man. [Exeunt Angels. Why. My heart's so hardened I cannot repent. Meph. Enter Faustus and Mephistophilis. shall repent. or heaven. Are laid before me to despatch myself. . Ay. that breathes on How prov'st thou that ? for Meph. Because thou hast deprived me of those joys. but Faustus never Faust. Ang. Faust.

As are the elements. thus : as Saturn in thirty years . : or basely despair ? am resolved Faustus shall ne'er repent Come. these are freshmen's suppositions. and Mercury a year. are there all celestial many heavens above the moon ? bodies but one globe. And Are argue of divine astrology. situ et tempore. such are the spheres Mutually folded in each other's orb.SCENE VI. Made music with my Mephistophilis ? Why I should I die then. Tush These slender trifles Wagner can decide . the moon twenty eight days. All jointly move from east to west in twentyupon the poles of the world. But tell me. Mars. or Jupiter Feigned. but differ in their motion upon the poles of the zodiac. As is the substance of this centric earth ? Meph. . Jupiter in in Mars in four in the Sun. four hours Meph. Venus. All jointly move upon one axletree Whose terminine is termed the world's wide pole Nor are the names of Saturn. Faustus. hath every sphere a dominion or intelligentia ? . stars.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. Hath Mephistophilis no greater skill ? Who knows not the double motion of the planets ? The first is finished in a natural day The second twelve .' ! Faust. Tell me. And. Tush. have they one motion both. Mephistophilis. all But tell me. let us dispute again. but are erring Faust. 197 Have not I made blind Homer sing to me Of Alexander's love and Q£non's death ? And hath not he that built the walls of Thebes With ravishing sound of his melodious harp.

Tell me who made the Meph. Ang. in some less? Meph. Meph. Ay. Faust. soul. Meph. . spirit. G. Repent. Ang. incequale?n motuin respectu totius. me. aspects. and the empyreal heaven. resolve me in this question : Why have we not conjunctions. G. that is not against our kingdom but this is. have I not bound thee to tell me any- Meph. oppositions. tear F. eclipses. [Fxeunt Angels. world. Faust. Faust. Ang. the firmament. Faustus. accursed thou hast damned distressed Faustus' not too late ? Re-enter Good Angel and Evil late. devils shall thee in pieces. Villain. upon God that made the . Too late. Remember 'Tis Is't this. Ang.198 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF How many : [scene vt. and they shall never raze thy skin. to ugly hell. Faust. tell Faust. Ay. Faustus. Sweet Mephistophilis. Move thing ? me not. Think. Well. all at one time. Never too Faustus can repent. \Exit. Faust. are there ? Meph. Nine the seven planets. for thou art damned. Ay. If thou repent. Ah. or spheres. E. Faust. Seek to save distressed Faustus' soul . Well. for I will not tell thee. I am answered. Faust. Think thou on hell. but in some years we have more. if Angel. I will not. Christ my Saviour. heavens. Meph. Per world. go.

Faust. Belzebub. disdain to have any parents. ' 1 I venture to relegate the meaningless line which follows : And of his dam too. Luc. Luc." for which no editor considers Marlowe responsible. I am Pride. Faust. show : and nothing else : come away Enter the Seven Deadly Sins. Nor will I henceforth pardon me in this. to a foot-note. O. : we are come from hell to down. That sight will As Paradise was Of his creation. Faustus. but mark talk of the Devil. examine them of the'r several names and dispositions. What art thou — the I first ? Pride. O Faustus We come to they are tell come to fetch away thy soul . and thou shalt Faust. who art thou that look'st so terrible ? Luc. Thou Thou talk'st of Christ contrary to thy promise should'st not think of God : : think of the Devil. Christ cannot save thy soul. Now.SCENE VI. I And this am Lucifer. the first appear in their proper shapes. show thee some pastime sit see all the Seven Deadly Sins be as pleasing unto me. Never to name God. thee thou dost injure us . And Faustus vcws never to look to Heaven. .^ Faust. and Mephistophilis. Lttc. Luc. Do so. for he is just.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. to Adam day this ! Talk not of Paradise nor creation. is my companion-prince ! in hell. slay his ministers. Faustus. Faust. or to pray to him. 199 Enter Lucifer. And make my spirits pull his churches down. There's none but I have interest in the same. . and we will highly gratify thee. To burn his Scriptures.

my sweet gold Faust. ? fumed. Away. I kiss her lips indeed I do what do I not ? But. books were burnt. or like a fan of.200 I THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF like to Ovid's flea : [SCENE vi. Who. feathers. and I live alone ! then thou should'st ! see how fat I would be. . What I art thou —the fourth ? Envy. am Wrath. Glut. am ^ I can creep into every corner I sit upon her . except the ground were perarras. and covered with cloth of Faust. O. for some of you shall be my father. What I art thou —the second am Covetousness. that all might die. I. Faust. look to it. . that I desire that this house and might I have my wish I would and all the people in it were turned might lock you up in my good chest. begotten of a chimney sweeper and I cannot read. what a scent is here I'll of a wench sometimes. am Envy. and ever since I have run up and down the world with this case^ of rapiers. and therefore wish all an oyster-wife. envious rascal What art thou— the fifth ? My parents are I am Gluttony. begotten of an old churl in an old leathern bag to gold. What I art thou — the third I ? : had neither father nor mother I leapt out of a lion's mouth when I was scarce half an hour old . Covet. sir ? ! ! all dead. 2 pair of rapiers A worn in a single sheath. brow . to Ovid. O that there would come a famine through all the world. — ! not speak another word. . I am lean with seeing others eat. . and used one in each hand. formerly ascribed Bullen. Wrath. wounding myself when I was born in hell and I had nobody to fight withal. but a 1 An allusion to the medieval Carmen de Ptilice. fie. But must thou sit and I stand Come down with a vengeance Faust. like a periwig. and the devil a penny they have left me.

where I have lain ever since and you have done : great injury to bring thither again me from thence let me I'll by Gluttony and Lechery. My grandfather was a Gammon of .' all Now. this feeds ^ my soul ! Refreshments taken between meals. but my godmother. is . Faust. another word for a king's ransom. as it is Germany at the present time. wilt thou me Faust. Glut. Martlemas or Martinmas was the customary time for hanging up provisions. Then the Devil choke thee Choke thyself.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. she was a gentlewoman. how dost \_Fxeunt the Sins. and Mar- Martlemas-beef . her jolly O. 201 bare pension. which had been previously salted. the seventh and last? Lech. * All the quartos have " Lechery. The March brewing was much esteemed in those days. Martin's day November nth. grandmother was a Hogshead of Claret-wine my tin godfathers were these. What VVho. Faustus. to hell Now. and well beloved in every good town and bid name was Mistress Margery March-beer. come of a royal parentage Bacon. O." The change which was first proposed by Collier has been adopted by Dyce and other editors. to dry. Faust.SCENE VI. in . thou hast heard to supper ? I'll my : progeny. and that bevers ' thirty meals a day and ten O. Mistress Minx. .* ! Luc. glutton Who art thou ! ! — the sixth? me be carried not speak I am Sloth. No. thou like Faust. see thee hanged thou wilt eat up all my victuals. sir ? I am one that loves an inch of raw . Our ancestors 2 lived chiefly ^ upon fit salted meat in the spring. are you. I. city. Faustus. Sloth. Peter Pickleherring. to hell. I was begotten on a sunny bank. owing is to the winter-fed cattle not being for use. mutton better than an letter of ell of fried stockfish and the first my name Away this ? begins with L. I — a small my trifle ! to suffice nature. St.

in the book of Jove's to scale high firmament. Enter Chorus. A. That 1 to this day is highly solemnised. in hell Faust. the secrets of astronomy. Olympus' Being seated in a chariot burning bright. In meantime take this book . and think on the ! Devil. Tut. is gone cosmography. ingeniously In the edition of l6l6 the speech of the Chorus : expanded as follows Chor. How happy were then . Mephistophilis. Faust.^ is \_Extt. Come. arrive at as I guess. . To find the secrets of Astronomy Graven in the book of Jove's high firmament. Farewell. Faustus. . HORUS. Farewell. Luc.nd thou shalt turn thyself into what shape thou Faust. To know Graven Learned Faustus. Faustus. Thou shalt I will send for thee at midnight. to prove first Drawn by the strength of yoky dragons' necks. \^Exeunt. mighty Lucifer ! Tsnlt.202 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY is all C/'^ [scene vi. To see the Pope and manner of his court. great Lucifer \ExeuTit Lucifer and Belzebub. manner of delight O might I I see hell. Did mount himself top. And take some part of holy Peter's feast. Luc. and return again. Learned Faustus. ! Luc. peruse it throughly. This will I keep as chary as my life. will Rome. He now And. Great thanks.

This represents the revisers of the play The scene is the Pope's Privy Chamber. The tropic zones. To see the Pope and manner of his court. With walls of flint. my good Mephistophilis. From the bright circle of the horned moon Even to the height of rrimum Mobile .^ Faust. He now is gone to prove cosmography. Within the concave compass of the pole. and paved with finest brick. From east to west his dragons swiftly glide. Whose banks are set with groves of fruitful vines. and quarters of the sky. Did mount him up to scale Olympus' top Where.' Then up to Naples. and the stars. The which ^ this day is highly solemnised. again. And. 203 Enter Faustus and Mephistophili?. sitting in a chariot burning brighi-.SCENE VII. Passed witli delight the stately town of Trier. . Drawn by the strength of yoked dragons' necks.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. Not to be won by any conquering prince . He views the clouds. whirling round with this circumference. And. Treves. Not long he stayed within his quiet house. Having now. the planets. And take some part of holy Peter's feast. as I guess. at their best. Whose buildings fair and gorgeous to the eye. rest his bones after his weary toil But new exploits do hale him out again And. ^ S^Exit. rich Campania. That with his wings did part the subtle air. . Quarter the town in four equivalents : There saw we learned Maro's golden tomb. mounted then upon a dragon's back. And To in eight days did bring him home . From Paris next.^ Environed round with airy mountain-tops. coasting the realm of France. The streets straight forth. river We saw the Maine fall into Rhine. SCENE VII. and deep entrenched lakes. will first arrive at Rome. That measures coasts and kingdoms of the earth : .

3 In the edition of i6i6 the two following lines are added : Virgil ^ The " Whose frame is paved with sundry coloured stones." . will not be unprovided. wherein we read " how all the pavement was set with coloured stones. 'tis no matter. I have and because we : . night' s space ^ . and all the rood or loft of the church double gilded over. I hope his Holiness will bid us welcome. And The rooft aloft with curious work in gold. From thence to Venice. Padua. The way he cut. and Ih e rest. we'll be bold with his And now. Tut. that thou may'st perceive What Rome containeth to delight thee with. my Faustus. Know that this city stands upon seven hills That underprop the groundwork of the same : : Just through the midst runs flowing Tiber's stream. In one^ of which a sumptuous temple stands.^ Thus hitherto has Faustus spent his time But tell me. now. good cheer. for I have taken up his Holiness' privy-chamber our use. Mark's at Venice. an English mile Thorough a rock of stone in one in length. That threats the stars with her aspiring top. what resting-place is this ? Hast thou.204 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY Ci^ [scene Vii. man. are. prose History shows the "sumptuous temple " to be St. as erst I did command. With winding banks that cut it in two parts Over the which four stately bridges lean. Faust. Meph. That make safe passage to each part of Rome Upon the bridge called Ponte Angelo Erected is : a castle passing strong. Conducted me within the walls of Rome ? Meph." addition is an interesting example of the close fashion in which the revisers clung to the prose History. Faustus. Within whose walls such store of ordnaface 1 was regarded as a magician in the Middle Ages.

SCENE VII. Then charm me.^ Which Julius Caesar brought from Africa. set of notes on the trumpet or cornet. Fall 1 Lord of Lorrain. thou shalt not be discerned. Well. that I May be invisible. " Evidently obelisks are here meant. although the word "pyramides " was formerly applied to church spires. see the Pope. Sound a sotinet? Enter the Pope and tJie Cardinal of LoRRAiN to the banquet^ with Friars attending. ' 205 And double cannons formed of carved brass. Signet and Signate. Senet. wilt please you draw near ? to. Of Styx. of Acheron. Two cannons with triple bores were taken from the French at Malplaquet. stay. And by their folly make us merriment. I'm content to compass friars.splendent Rome Come therefore. As match the days within one complete year Besides the gates and high pyramides. now Do what thou wilt. cannon with double bores. let's away. Pope. and the fiery lake Of ever-burning Phlegethon.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. [Mephistophilis charms him. So. Nay. I : know you'd feast. 3 Written in half a dozen other forms Sennet. and the devil choke you an you spare large cannons. Now by the kingdoms of infernal rule. them some sport. Nares defines it as "a particular Cynet. Mephistophilis. Meph. or as ! This may mean simply Ward points out. to do what I please Unseen of any whilst I stay in Rome. Faust. I swear That I do long to see the monuments And situation of bright. And take some part of holy Peter's Where thou shalt see a troop of bald-pate Whose su?n>tmm bomim is in belly-cheer. Faustus. different from a flourish." — . Meph. and are now in the Woolwich Museum. Faust. Faustus. Synnet. My Faust.

2o6 Pope. a dirge to lay the fury of this ghost. that which snatched the Pope. Pope. and bell. ! [scene vii. \The Pope crosses himself again. sir. again My it lord. Here's nobody. Faust. You I'll this dish meat was Faust. Because it is — Saint Peter's holiday. you fair warning. ! We shall be cursed with How bell. \Snatches the cup. I'll ha't. crosses \The Pope Well. lord. book. book. What. use that trick Faust. Pope. what shall Come we do ? Meph. a calf bleat. and candle. Forward and backward to curse Faustus to hell Anon you shall hear a hog grunt. What. there's the second time. \st Friar. of Lor. my lord. may be some ghost newly come to beg a pardon of your Friars. I thank you. pledge your grace. \The Pope Well. Who's that which spake ? — Friars. book. me from the Cardinal of Florence. an ass bray. My lord. THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF How now look about. candle. I know not bell. say true ! . \Snaiches the dish. fall to. I'll Pope. Faust. C. and Faustus hits him a box of the ear. Aware the third. are you crossing of yourself? no more I would advise you. My a dainty dish was sent me from the Bishop of Milan. Mephistophilis. \^Snatches the dish. and they all run away. prepare Holiness. crept out of purgatory. drink to your grace. here is if it like your Holiness. and candle. How now ! Who's from sent me ? Will no man look? My Lord. . crosses himself. Faust. Once again. It may be so. Nay. on. I give himself again.

home Where such mean his friends.SCENE VII. air. Come. [Mephistophilis and Faustus fling fireworks l/eat the Friars. skill. brethren. let's about our business with good devotion. with kind words. . When Faustus had with plea- sure ta'en the view Of rarest things. and Did gratulate his safety I as bear his absence but with near'st companions. They sing: Cursed be he that the table ! stole away his Holiness' ! meat from Maledicat Dominus Cursed be he that struck his Holiness a I blow on the face ! Maledicat Dominus Cursed be he that took Friar Sandelo a blow on the pate ! Maledicat Dominus ! ! Cursed be he that disturbeth our holy dirge Maledicat Dominus I Cursed be he that took away ! his Holiness' wine ! ! Maledicat Dominus Et omnes : sancti ! Amen exeunt. 207 Re-enter the Friars to sing the Dirge. HORUS. and royal courts of kings. and among them and so Enter Chorus. He stayed his course. ist Friar. And in their conference of what befell. and so returned [grief. Which Faustus answered with such learned As they admired and wondered at his wit.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. Touching his journey through the world and They put forth questions of Astrology.

prithee come away there's a gentle- man with tarries to have his horse. or saw yet.2o8 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY . the Ostler with a book in his hand} I i' admirable ! here ha' stolen faith I one of Dr. mistress about and made clean it and she has sent . O. : Robin. he for his forehead. {Exit. Robin. . she for her private study she's born to bear with me. I leave untold — your eyes shall see performed. what dost thou with that same book ? Thou can'st not read. . SCENE Enter Robin Robin. keep out. Ralph keep out. Ralph. my master and mistress shall find that I . and he would have his he keeps such a chafing me to look thee out prithee come away. Yes. Ralph. Keep out. and search all some circles for my own that use. or else my art fails. What there he did in of his art. this is VIII. at is Emperor is one. <9/=^ [scene viii. can read. ' The scene is supposed to be an inn-yard. Robin. Faustus's conjuring books. whose palace now trial feasted 'mongst his noblemen. Now is his fame spread forth in every land Amongst Faustus the rest the Carolus the Fifth. Come. stark I shall see the maidens in our parish dance at my naked before than me e'er I felt and so by . means more Enter Ralph calling Robin. or else you are blown up you are dismembered. mean to Now will I make pleasure. : things rubbed my . for I am about a roaring piece of work.

did not I ever tell thee we were . our kitchenmaid. It was a Mar. Bnllen. here come the vintner. silver goblet. Ralph . and then to let's our conjuring in the Devil's name. Robin. But.SCENE IX. True. I can make thee drunk with ippocras^ any tabern'^ in Europe for nothing . then turn her and wind her to thy own use as often as thou wilt. shall I have Nan Spit. " Hippocrates. Ralph. thou hast any Nan Spit. horse-loaves. Ralph. that? What book ! why the most intolerable book for conjuring that e'er was invented by any brimstone devil. Robin. ? ecce signum. \Exeunt. Robin. Come. Our Master Parson says Robin. V . '^ common practice among our ancestors to feed horses on bread." Nares. Enter Robin and Ralph with a Robin. with the addition of sugar and spices. O brave Robin. first. ** Tavern. if and more. and to mine own use? On that condition I'd feed thy devil mind to with horsebread^ as long as he Robin. for made by this Doctor Faustus' book as this lasts. and at midnight. Hush ! I'll gull him supernaturally. Nares quotes from Gervase Markham a recipe for making * Booty. No more. Ralph. is 209 Ralph. lives. what book Robin. : of free cost. sweet Ralph lie our boots.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. Ralph. Can'st thou conjure with it? Robin. SCENE IX. that's one of my conjuring works. I can do all these things easily with at it . that's nothing. which foul go and make clean upon our hands. here's a simple purchase^ for horsekeepers shall eat our horses no hay as long Ralph. a medicated drink composed usually of red wine. Ralph. ' but sometimes white. Why.

O no7nine Domini I what meanest thou.] teach you to impeach honest ! men . ' ' . you what mean. Vint. you may be ashamed this goblet honest men with a matter of truth. afore me. mean so. What mean I'll tell Robin. [Reads\ Polypragmos Belseborams framanto pacostiphos tostu. Vtfit. goblet. a goblet search me. sets squibs at thei? backs. come. sir me. must yet have a I scorn you. Vint. I hope all is paid : God be I with you . Vint. a goblet.210 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY Enter Vintner. drawer. I &c. — I — stand by to I'll scour you for a goblet — stand aside you had best. Ralph.ph. t'one of you hath 'tis about you. Enter Mephistophilis. goblet paid from you. ere you go. the Try all of Chevalry (1605). tion occurs. Mr.] I'll tickle you. Mephistophilis. the stage direc" Exit Clown. Ralph. Robin. sir. &-r. I. [Aside you. Me. a word with you. sir. Periphrasticon — Nay. sir . and They run about. Well. you. sirrah I ? Ralph. Soft. with your favour. I. Ralph a^ . Robin? thou hast no goblet. \Searches him. sir ! must say somewhat to your fellow. I. Robin. Ralph. Sirrah . Look to the charge you in the name of Belzebub. I How say you now ? You. Bullen mentions that in an old play. [Aside. Look to the goblet. Vint.'\ Now. then exit. Drawer. a goblet ! ! and you are but Vint. speaking anything. sir search your fill. [Reads from a book. Ralph. I'll You lie. ' The actor was at liberty to supply the abuse. Robin. Sandobulorum vintner. [Aside to Rai. 07^ [scene xi. ! ! [Vintner to burden searches hitn.

{Exeunt. how that none ' The scene is an apartment in the Emperor's palace. and thee into a dog and so begone. Robin.SCENE X. and never rob thy library Re-enter Mephistophilis. How from : Constantinople You have had in a great journey pay for you take sixpence your supper. SCENE X. into an ape I'll .] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. Miserlcordia pro nobis I I'll What shall I do ? Good more. Faustus. Enter Emperor. Here's thy goblet. I have heard strange report of thy knowledge in the black art. ! 211 Ralph. How am I vexed with these villains' charms ? From Constantinople am I hither come Only for pleasure of these damned slaves. Much of the text of this scene is closely borrowed from the prose History. good [ Gives the goblet to Vintner. for your purse to transform Meph.^ Emp. who exit. . get nuts and apples enow. And I Robin. P 2 . I'll Robin. Master Doctor Faustus. under whose black survey Great potentates do kneel with awful fear. Peccatum peccatorum vintner. Well. your presumption. Meph. \Exit. forgive me now. Monarch of hell. that's brave ! have fine sport with the boys. ? Robin. and begone ? will villains. never be out of the Ralph. Upon whose altars thousand souls do lie. and a Knight with Attendants. thy head will pottage pot. How. Devil. I thee into an ape. I'faith must be a dog.

thou shalt be no ways pre: judiced or endamaged. I'faith he looks Faust. My gracious sovereign. shall (I fear me) ne'er attain to that degree . Got such riches. therefore thou this Canst raise by cunning of thine art man from hollow vaults below. mark what I shall say. whose glorious acts . that thou let me see some proof of thy skill. Of high renown and great authority Amongst which kings is Alexander the The bright shining of Great. \_Aside. As when It grieves If I hear but motion made of him my soul I never saw the man. won by prowess such exploits. that.212 in THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF [scene x. they say thou hast a by whom is thou canst accomplish what thou This therefore my request. much like a conjuror. that mine eyes may be witnesses to confirm what mine ears have heard reported and here I swear to thee by the honour of mine imperial crown. or they that shall they had How Hereafter possess our throne. honour of your imperial majesty. was sometime solitary set Within my closet. whatever thou doest. sundry thoughts arose About the honour of mine ancestors. Then. Lightens the world with his reflecting beams. my empire nor in the whole world can compare with : thee for the rare effects of magic familiar spirit. yet for that love and duty binds me thereunto. though I must confess to the report to the myself far inferior and nothing answerable men have published. Emp. Knight. Chief spectacle of the world's pre-eminence. Doctor As I Faustus. list. subdued so many kingdoms As we that do succeed. I am content to do whatsoever your majesty shall com- mand me. .

let me see them pre- Knight.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. I far forth I live. gesture. when you will confess the truth. to. Ay. for you. \_Exit Mephisto. 213 Where lies And Both bring with in entombed this famous conqueror. manner that they both . but when Actaeon died. rfaith that's just nothing at Faust. if it like your grace. I as by art. Emp. and power of all. Faust. of grace in you. he I'll the horns Mephistophilis. my able to perform. Master Doctor? then. which long since are con- sumed to dust. their right shapes. Nay. Knight. an you go to conjuring. sir You ! bring Alexander and his paramour before the Emperor Faust. stag ! I'faith that's as true as Diana turned left me to a Faust. Here they are. . Master Doctor. in their most flourishing estate which I doubt not shall sufficiently content your imperial majesty. But. Go sently. Faust. I'll meet with you anon for interrupting me so. Knight. begone. Master Doctor. \^Aside. Do you hear. marry. now there's a sign \^Aside. and attire They used to wear during their time of life. it is not in my ability to present before your eyes the true substantial bodies of those two deceased princes.SCENK X. Thou shalt both satisfy my just desire. My am am ready to accomplish your request so Spirit. But such spirits as can lively resemble Alex- ander and his paramour in that shall appear before your grace lived in. Faust. {Exit. begone. How ? Knight. sir. Knight. No. him his beauteous paramour. And give me cause to praise thee whilst gracious lord. my gracious lord.

One of you call him forth \Exit Attendant. good. How now. Good Master him he : Doctor. sir knight. not so much for the injury offered me here in your presence. sir knight why I had thought thou had'st been a bachelor. Bred in the concave of some monstrous rock. I heard this : lady while she shall I had a wart or mole it in her neck how know whether Faust. not so sir there's no haste . hath injurious knight to release : Faustus worthily requited this all I desire. are you remembered how you ? crossed me in my conference with the Emperor I think I have met with you for it Emp. at my entreaty release he hath done penance sufficient. as to delight you with some mirth. these are no spirits. but now I see thou hast a wife. Knight. Master lived Doctor. but the true two deceased princes. now to send for the ? knight that was so pleasant with me ! here of late Emp. O.214 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF [scene x. How darest thou thus abuse a gentleman ? Villain. Will't please your highness Spirits. but makes thee wear them. My gracious lord. Faust. that not only gives thee horns. Thou damnbd wretch and execrable dog. hereafter . being his am content him of horns : and. I which. Emp. done ! Faust. Re-enter the Knight with a pair of horns on his head. stantial bodies of those \Exeunt Faust. I say. be so or no ? sub- Emp. Sure Your highness may boldly go and see. but. Re-enter Mephistophilis with Spirits in the shape of Alexander and his Paramour. hast . ! Feel on thy head. undo what thou fast.

Expect from me a bounteous reward.SCENE xr. Etiter a Horse-Courser. Faust. : Calls for the payment of my latest years let Therefore. That Time doth run with calm and Shortening my days and thread of vital life. Alas. What. I have been all this is day seeking one Master ! mass. Master Doctor . What.l Now.^ Fatist. and where the latter supposed to change to a room in Faustus's house asleep in his chair.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. Mephistophilis. forty Horse-C. speak well of scholars. SCENE Now. sir. see where he God You save you. sell sir? I have brought you thou likest dollars for your horse. my good lord. sweet Mephistophilis. will Meph. [Exeunt. horse-courser ! are well met. . yet. ere you go. the restless course silent foot. falls Horse-dealer. us Make haste to Wertenberg. for ' have no more. Faust. The scene is "a is fair and pleasant green. Enter Faustus and Mephistophilis. Farewell. having done my duty I humbly take my leave. I Horse-C. — I pray you speak me. straight.^ Horse Fustian : C. Nay. 215 Mephistophilis. Do you hear. Ejup. him so : if him for take him. I cannot fifty. Master Doctor ! Faust. XI. walk on foot. I'll till I'm past you go on horseback or on foot ? this fair and pleasant green." presently alluded - to by Faustus. transform him [Mephistophilis removes the horns.

he could hardly have written this. Dr. Faust. slick^ as God b' wi' ye. Well. dost think I am a horse-doctor? [^a/V Horse. alas! Doctor Fustian quotha? mass. Faust. all wet.Courser. —Now am I made man : for ever not leave my horse for twice forty if he had but the quality of hey-ding-ding. I must tell you one thing before you him not into the water at any hand. if my horse be sick or at ease. fellow. sir. will he not drink of all waters? to you. I'll sir. Away. but a man condemned Thy fatal time doth draw to final end . to die ? What art thou. I'd make a an eel.] My boy will deliver him have him Faust. \Sleeps in his chair. crying. come. Alas. I pray you let him have him he is an honest and he has a great charge. you villain .2i6 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY : 07=- [scene xi. give me your money. but not into the water. Horse-C. Re-enter Horse-Courser. your boy will deliver ill him me : but hark you. Christ did call the thief upon the cross Then rest thee. ^ . Faustus. but ride him not into the water him over hedge or ditch. Meph. . you'll tell me what it is. : Doctor Lopus^ was never such a doctor a purgation has purged 1 has given . Despair doth drive distrust unto my thoughts : : Confound these passions with a quiet sleep Tush. if I bring his water to you. Horse-C. quiet in conceit. : he has a buttock as sir. or where thou wilt. Horse-C. physician to Queen Elizabeth.\ Well. Faustus. But ride O yes. Lopez. Why. he will : drink of ride all waters. Well. as Marlowe was dead before the doctor came into notoriety. sir. He was hanged in 1594 for havang received a bribe from the court of Spain to poison the Queen . [Horse- Courser gives Faustus the money. hey-ding-ding. neither wife nor child. what. brave living on him \Aside. me me of forty dollars I shall never Smooth.

C.C. fly!" Hence applied to the juggler himself. and I sat upon a bottle of hay. Horse-C. Ay. Horse.] No. Why. God save hay ! you. this is is. Why. DOCTOR FAUSTUS. Come. but my my horse vanished away. what would you You cannot speak Horse. * the constable. to Help. in the like a venturous youth. ho [Hollas ! — ! in his ear. shall I ! make you wake ere I go. will you not wake ? I'll [Fulls Faustus by ! the leg. . Why.' where's your master with him. Meph. But yet. for he bade into no water : now I.SCENE XL] see them more. So ho. Mephistophilis ! ! call Meph. A juggler's term.] Alas. Meph. my leg villain. like "presto. or I'll break his glass \vindows about his ears. See where he Horse-C. sir. But his seek out I'll Doctor. Meph. would not be ruled by him. Master Doctor Fustian forty dollars for a bottle of —Forty dollars. Meph. and pulls it away. But I will speak with him. rid him into the deep pond at I the town's end. was no sooner middle of the pond. What the O my leg. fast asleep. An he have not slept this eight weeks I'll speak with him. and have my ! forty dollars again. never so near I'll drowning in my life. I'll he's fast asleep. Meph. Horse-C. My leg. he. I do ? am undone Faust. my leg officers. thou seest he hears thee not. speak with him now. — Do — O. I tell thee he has not slept this eight nights. Come some other time. like 217 I an ass as I was. yonder is you hear ? you ? hey-pass. thinking rare quality that he I. ! Master Doctor. Master Doctor. would not me I should ride him my horse had had some have had me known of. or make ? it the dearest horse snipper-snapper. ho so ho. Bullen.

The scene is the Court of the Duke of Anhalt. is he gone ? Farewell he Faustus has his leg again. SCENE Enter the XII.2i8 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF O lord. and I'll give you forty- dollars more. gracious lord. Enter Wagner. the Duchess. Faust. Where be they ? Horse-C. I take it. long for me. . Meph. What. to whom I must be no niggard of let's my cunning. Faustus. Well. Horse. madam. hath Master Doctor. good Master Doctor ^ and for I see Hostelry. Anholt in the prose History. ? Wag. Faust. the Duke of Vanholt. Thanks. I have none about me. this merriment much pleased me.doth earnestly entreat your company. away to him. The Duke of Vanholt ! an honourable gentle- man. How now. Come to my ostry^ and them you. Meph. and shall have it. I Faust. \Excunt. me go. what's the news with thee Sir. let [scene xii. Mephistophilis. 2 3 Anhalt in the Volksbuch. Begone quickly. and the horse-courser. [Horse-Courser runs away. Come. this trick shall cost him I'll give ! forty dollars more. Wagner. this. sir. women do madam ? tell . DucJuss. Duke of Vanholt.^ Duke. My it am glad it contents you so delight in —But I may be. you take no : have heard that great-bellied some you dainties or other what is it. and Mephistophilis.C. well. Believe me. a bottle of hay for his labour.

Duchess. Duke. Master Doctor. And so I will. Believe me. madam. a greater thing it. .] Were than this. wilt please you taste this Duke. If it like your grace. Faust. not hide and were it now summer. swift spirit that I had them them. in the contrary circle when it is here it is summer with have I them. winter with us. and farther countries in the East. as it is January and the dead time of the winter. madam . that being in the dead time of and in the month of January. so.SCENE XII. they be the best grapes that e'er I tasted in Faust. and by means of a brought hither. Believe me. I would desire no better meat than a dish of from you the thing heart desires . you should have Re-enter Mephistophilis with grapes. Come. Alas. reward this where you must well learned man for the great kindness showed to you. winter. madam. Faust. [Exit Mephistophilis. and. Master Doctor. as . — How life do you like madam be they good Duchess. 1 [Exeufit. Beholden. Master Doctor. you ? see. my lord . whilst I live. that. follow us and receive your reward. I my us before. Come. Here they be. the year is divided into two circles over the whole world. madam. how you should come by these grapes. I 2ig will your courteous intent to pleasure me. it begone. as in India. that's nothing ! Mephistophilis. he hath Duke. Faust. I humbly thank your grace. am glad they content you let in. rest beholding^ for this courtesy. Saba. on them makes ? me wonder above the rest. so it would content you.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. my ripe grapes.

And yet. let there- Master Doctor. dame of Greece. with two or and Mephistophilis. and carouse and the students. No otherways for pomp and majesty. For that I know your friendship is is unfeigned. . behold that peerless dame of Greece. doth. swill He would not banquet. you. i^^ Schol. as to us see that peerless world admires for majesty. fair ladies. This and the following scene are inside Faustus's house.^ Wag. as even Amongst now he life. Who are at supper with such belly-cheer ne'er beheld in all his ! As Wagner See where they come belike the feast is ended. Enter Wagner. if that death were so near.220 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF SCENE XIII. Than when * Sir Paris crossed the seas with her. which was the beautifullest in all the we have determined with if ourselves that Helen of : Greece was the admirablest lady that ever lived fore. since our conference about world. you will do us that favour. \Exit. [SCENE xiv. I think my master shortly means For he hath given to me all his goods : to die. whom all the we should think ourselves much beholding unto Faust. Master Doctor Faustus. And The You Faustus' custom not to deny just requests of those that wish shall him well. methinks. Gentlemen. three Scholars Enter Faustus. SCENE XIV.

in words. . and mingle it with tears. But mercy. despair and die and with a roaring voice " Says " Faustus come thine hour is almost come And Faustus now will come to do the right. Whom the world admires for majesty. By which sweet path thou may'st attain the goal That shall conduct thee to celestial rest Break heart. Ah. 2nd Schol. blest be Faustus evermore. silent. Doctor Faustus. that I might prevail guide thy steps unto the way of life. Let us depart and for this glorious deed I Happy and Faustiis. \st Schol. No marvel though the angry Greeks pursued With ten years' war the rape of such a queen. Faust. Faustus. what hast thou done damned . The stench whereof corrupts the inward soul With such flagitious crimes of heinous sins As no commiseration may expel. Gentlemen. Enter an Old Man. drop blood. [Mephistophilis gives him a dagger Damned Hell art thou. Faustus.SCENE XIV. all Too my wit to tell her praise. of thy Saviour sweet. danger simple is 221 And Be brought the spoils to rich Dardania. Old Man. ! calls for right. for \_Music sounds^ and Helen passeth is over the stage. then. ! ! ! . farewell — the same wish to you. And only paragon of excellence. Whose blood alone must wash away thy guilt. 3^/ Schol. Since we have seen the pride of Nature's works. Whose heavenly beauty passeth all compare. ? Faustus ? wretch. \Exeunt Scholars. Where art thou. To Tears falling from repentant heaviness Of thy most vile and loathsome filthiness.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS.

Thou traitor. Faustus. is not in the early editions : it was sug- . where I mercy now? do repent . Accursed Faustus. soul. His faith is great I cannot touch his soul But what I may afflict his body with I will attempt. my sweet friend. Torment. Offers to pour the same into thy soul : Then call for mercy. which is but little worth. I feel Thy words do »Leave comfort my distressed soul. and avoid despair. drift. with unfeigned heart. Ah. let me crave of thee. Revolt. Faust. Faust. I arrest thy soul For disobedience to my sovereign lord . my sins. sweet friend. Do it then quickly. good servant. One thing. sweet Faustus. Meph. Ah steps I see good Faustus. that base and crooked age. [scene xiv. and yet do to I do despair Hell strives with grace for conquest in my breast ? What shall I shun the snares of death Meph. Old Man. arm and writes on a paper with his Faust. Faust. And. but with heavy cheer. That durst dissuade me from thy Lucifer. or I'll in piecemeal tear thy flesh. With greatest torments that our hell affords. : 1 gested This stage direction l)y Dyce. Lest greater danger do attend thy [Faustus stabs his blood. Sweet Mephistophilis. me a while to ponder on I go. with a vial full of precious grace. stay thy desperate an angel hovers o'er thy head. is Fearing the ruin of thy hopeless \Exit. I made to Lucifer. entreat thy lord To pardon my unjust presumption. Old Man. Faust.222 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF stay. And with my blood again I will confirm My former vow Meph.

And all is dross that is not Helena. of Shakespeare surely remembered in Troilus Helen and Cressida. thou art fairer than the evening air Clad in the beauty of a thousand stars Brighter art thou than flaming Jupiter When More he appeared to hapless Semele lovely than the : monarch of the sky : In wanton Arethusa's azured arms And none but thou shalt be my paramour. for Heaven is in these lips. she is a pearl price hath launched above a thousand ships. combat with weak Menelaus. which I saw of late. kiss. Whose sweet embracings may extinguish clean These thoughts that do dissuade me from my vow. I will be Paris. Faust. this or what else thou shalt desire Shall be performed in twinkling of an eye. And then return to Helen for a Oh. give me my soul again. shall Wertenberg be sacked And And Yea. my heart's desire. wear thy colours on my plumed crest I will I will wound Achilles in the heel.SCENE XIV. come. \Kisses her. Faustus. ! Her lips suck forth my soul see where it flies Come. make me immortal with a . and for love of thee. Re-enter Helen.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. 14 . 1 Bullen. And keep mine oath I made to Lucifer. Meph. ii. " Why. 1 [Exeunt. 2 : — this line when he wrote Whose See anie. : Instead of Troy." p. Was this the face that launched a thousand ships'' And burnt the topless towers of Ilium? Sweet Helen. Helen. kiss. 223 To glut the longing of That I might have unto my paramour That heavenly Helen. Here will I dwell.

comes he not. As in this furnace me God see with his pride shall try my faith. it sickness by SchoL If 'Tis but a surfeit. Look. Accursed Faustus.224 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF SCENE Enter the [SCENE xvi. Ah. Old Man. deadly sin that hath to cure him.^ Heaven. state hence I fly for unto my o?i God. Old Man. had I lived with ! had I lived still but now ? I die eternally. be so. shall ! triumph over thee. My faith. gentlemen 15/ XVI. hell ! and laugh your. Ah. thee. comes he not 2nd SchoL What means Faustus ? T^rd SchoL Belike he is grown into some being over ist solitary. * Dyce supposes the scene to be a room in the Old Man's house. vile hell. and BuUen " a room of Faustus's house. . we'll have physicians Never fear. repulse. A surfeit of damned both body and soul. the heavens smile to scorn ! Ambitious fiends how At your Hence. miserable man. SCENE Faust. then my sweet chamber-fellow. whither the Old Man has come to exhort Faustus to repentance. That from thy soul exclud'st the grace of And fly'st the throne of his tribunal seat Enter Satan begins to sift Devils. XV. Faust." . [Exeunt on one side Devils the other. man.The scene is a room in Faustus's house.^ ! SchoL What ails Faustus ? Faust. Enter Faustus with Scholars.

gentlemen. hell. is hath Faustus bill lost eternal joy I writ . the seat of God. Ah. and must remain in hell for ever. Faustus? and Mephistophilis. done so : but the Q . but not me with patience. would I had never seen Wertenberg. I All.SCENE xvr. Yet. them a with own blood he : the date expired the time will come. call on God. hell. yea. Yet. ! Who. and Though my heart pants tremble not at my speeches and quivers to remember that I have been a student here the serpent that tempted Faustus.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. my tongue ! I my hands. for ever ! Sweet friends ? ! what shall become of Faustus being in hell for ever 2^rd Schol. ! On God. but see. Heaven : remember God's mercies are Faust. I God. the throne of the blessed. Gush Faust. life and soul ! Oh. ah. my God. Faustus. Heaven. Why did not Faustus tell us of this before. . ? that divines might have prayed for thee Faust. them my soul for my cunning gave Faust. But Faustus' offences can never be pardoned Eve may be saved. look infinite. would lift up they hold them. whom Faustus hath blasphemed would weep. I : never read book ! and what wonders have done. ! forth blood instead of tears ! Yea. yea Heaven itself. the kingdom of joy. Faustus. Faust. Oft have I thought to have Mar. all the world which Faustus hath lost both Germany and the world. \st Schol. they hold them he stays All. for all Ger- many can witness. but Faustus hath done for vain pleasure of twenty-four years felicity. gentlemen. it : God forbid! God forbade and it indeed . oh. whom Faustus hath abjured on Ah. hear ! these thirty years. Lucifer ! Ah. up to 225 2nd Schol. mine and will fetch me. but the Devil draws in my tears.

farewell." /. Now And hast thou but one bare hour to live. The clock strikes eleven. rise.226 THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF me in pieces if I [sckne xvi. lefile. 13. for nothing can pray that rescue me. God will strengthen me. 11. a month. — — . stay with yd Schol. farewell visit : if I live till morning you : if not Faustus is gone to hell. a week. and depart. Pray thou. or let this hour be but A O year. away lest you perish with me. and we will God may I'll have mercy upon thee. Faustus. Ay. damned perpetually you ever-moving spheres of Heaven. A. rise again and make Stand Perpetual day . quern malis. sweet friend and there pray for him. Faustus. pray for me ! and what noise soever ye hear. 2)id Schol. Ovid's Amores. All. ! then thou must be still. I will Tempt into the next room. but let us Faust. come not unto me. 39-40. Oh. Gentlemen. Faustus. . 2nd Sc/iol. but save yourselves. \st Schol. Talk not of me. Faust. his soul I That Faustus may repent and save lente. Cephalum complexa teneres. not God. Ah. Symonds. . what shall we do to save Faustus ? Faust. pray for me. Faust. and midnight never come Fair Nature's eye.' " i. " By an exquisite touch of nature the brain involuntarily summoning words employed for other purposes in happier hours Faust cries aloud the line which Ovid whispered in Corinna's arms. That time may cease. [^Exeunt Scholars. body and soul if I once gave ear to divinity and now 'tis too late. to : Devil threatened to tear fetch both named God ! . ciirrite noctis ' equi ! ' " At si. ' Claniares lente currite noctis equi. a natural day. Gentlemen.

it will not harbour me You stars that reigned at my nativity. stars move time runs.] DOCTOR FAUSTUS. leap up to I'll my God ! Who pulls me down ? : See. my Christ naming of my Christ on him O spare me. 227 will strike. and I be changed Q 2 . Pythagoras' metempsychosis were that true. Whose influence hath allotted death and hell. be past anon ! my soul may is but ascend to Heaven. and Faustus must be damned. \The clock Ah. and is — at last —be saved ! ! O. still. ! ! . strikes the half hour. The The O.SCENE XVI. ! ! Now draw up Faustus like a foggy mist Into the entrails of yon labouring clouds. Yet for Christ's sake whose blood hath ransomed me. rend not my Yet will I call is it my soul —half a drop ah. This soul should fly from me. Impose some end my incessant pain . That when they vomit forth into the air. gone . Mountain and hills and see where God and bends his ireful brows come. Lucifer !— save heart for : Where now ? 'tis Stretcheth out his arm. My limbs may So that issue from their smoky mouths. the clock Devil will come. 'Let Faustus live in hell a thousand years A hundred thousand. come and fall on me. no end limited to damned souls Why wert thou not a creature wanting soul is ? Or why this immortal that thou hast ! ? Ah. I ! And hide me from the heavy wrath of God No no Then will I headlong run into the earth Earth gape O no. half the hour past ! 'twill all O God: If thou wilt not have mercy on to my soul. see where Christ's blood streams in the firmament One drop would Ah.

air. Unto some brutish beast when they die. turn to Or Lucifer will bear thee quick to \Thunder and lightning. Faustus curse thyself curse Lucifer That hath deprived thee of the joys of Heaven. [Exit. But mine must live. let ! breathe awhile Ugly I'll hell. Lucifer ! \Enter Devils. For. Cut grown is the branch that might have full straight. it strikes. Whose Only fiendful fortune may exhort the wise to wonder at unlawful things. body. O. regard his hellish fall. gape not come burn my books ! — Ah Mephistophilis [Exeunt Devils ! it'ith Faustus. this That sometime grew within Faustus is learned gone . Enter Chorus. still to be plagued in hell. : : [ The hell. fall be changed into into the ! little water-drops. all beasts are happy.228 DOCTOR FAUSTUS.nf. Their souls are soon dissolved in elements . me not. My God my God Adders and look not so fierce on me ! ! serpents. Whose deepness doth entice such Tforward wits To practise more than heavenly power permits. HO. O soul. it strikes ! Now. clock strikes twelve. xvi. ! Curst be the parents that engendered me No. is And burnbd Apollo's laurel bough. . And ocean ! —ne'er be found. ! [scf.

THE JEW OF mALTA .

Mr. age hoiight second unto none." ' ' The source of the story is unknown . cruelty. who Thomas tells the public that by the best of poets in that age ' the play was And in that writ many years agone. the dramatist. thinks may be taken . 1 588 and The Jew of Malta was written 1 592. there is no earlier of the play than the quarto of This was furnished with a brace of Prologues and Epilogues by Heywood.LTHOUGH between edition 1633. Symonds. arguing it chiefly from its unrelieved from some Spanish novel.

To view this land. Who smiles to see how full his bags are crammed.' then most sure in blood. Of great Let me Of the poor petty wights ones' envy. I. Guise. And now the Guise ^ is dead. I crave but this And let him not be entertained the worse Because he favours me.-' 1 come not. Birds of the air will tell of murders past I am ashamed to hear such fooleries. Admired I am of those that hate me most. ^^-| Machiavel. When like the Draco's they were writ it Hence comes that a strong-built citadel . and laws were : . ^ The Due de in 1572. be envied and not pitied ! But whither am I bound . But to present the tragedy of a Jew. Which money was not got without my means. To — \^Exit. He had never bellowed. tholomew who had organised the Massacre of and was assassinated in 1588. read a lecture here in Britain. Yet they will To I Peter's chair read me. in a brazen bull. and therefore not men's words. is come from P>ance. and thereby attain and when they cast me : off. St. And ! Many will talk of title to a crown What right had Caesar to the empery Might first made kings. grace him as he deserves. Though some speak openly against my books. Bar- . But such as love me guard me from their tongues And let them know that I am Machiavel. Albeit the world thinks Machiavel is dead. To some perhaps my name is odious. Commands much more than letters can import Which maxim had but Phalaris observed. and frolic with his friends. And weigh not men. Are poisoned by my climbing followers. count religion but a childish toy. Enter Machiavel. hold there is no sin but ignorance.THE PROLOGUE. . Yet was his soul but flown beyond the Alps.

Bassoes. degraded into a personification of unscrupulous policy. a Gentleman. Mathias. LODOWICK. Merchants. Barabas' slave. Two Nuns. Guard. Selim Calymath.— Malta. Machiavel. Vice-Admiral of Spain. Two Knights. Martin del Bosco. mother of Mathias. Messengers. a wealthy J ew. his Son. Three Jews. Daughter of Barabas. and Carpenters. Barnardine.^ Speaker of the Prologue. Officers.Fernezr. ^ ^"^'^• PiLiA-BORSA. Abbess. Katharin£. Jacomo. Slaves. Abigail. Ithamore. . Scene. Son of the Grand Seignior. a Courtesan. was frequently appealed to on the Eliza- bethan stage. Bellamira. ^ This distinguished Florentine. Barabas. Governor of Malta. a Bully.

Fie what a trouble 'tis to count this trash Well fare the Arabians. So that made of thus much that return was And of the fied. 195]. •f»*H« ACT THE SCENE Barabas FIRST. third part of the Persian ships. who so richly pay The things they traffic for with wedge of gold. AR. * Old ed. . I. nection. "Samintes.^ and the men of Uz.THE JEW OF mALTA. Whereof a man may easily in a day ." modern editors print " Samnites." between whom and the " men of Uz" there can be no possible conWe have Saba for Sab^a in Faiistus [see p. Here have I purst their paltry silverlings. ivith heaps of gold before him. That bought my Spanish oils and wines of Greece. discovered in his counting-house. satis- There was the venture summed and As for those Sabans. Bulleii.

how I stand the vanes ? East and by south Count. [act I. Would make a miracle of thus much coin But he whose steel-barred coffers are crammed : full. it. And seld-seen . Would in his age be loth to labour And Give for a pound to sweat himself to death.234 Tell ^ THE JEW OF MALTA. Receive them and sell them oy the weight Bags of fiery opals. Seldom seen. Jacinths. sapphires. And all his lifetime hath been tired. hard topaz. As one of them indifferently rated. This is the ware wherein consists my wealth . ^ . Beauteous rubies. And of a carat of this quantity.costly stones of so great price. that which may maintain him all his life.«. that in the eastern rocks his riches up. The needy groom that never fingered groat. It why then hope my ships . May serve in peril of calamity To ransom great kings from captivity. bill ? »- But now how stands the wind ? Into what corner peers my halcyon's Ha ! to the east ? yes : : see. kingfisher) would indicate the quarter from which the wind blew. like pebble-stones. grass-green emeralds. the merchants of the Indian mines.i. The wealthy Moor. Wearying his fingers' ends with telling so.e. in metal of the purest me That trade mould . amethysts. as their wealth increaseth. Without control can pick And in his house heap pearls free. so inclose Infinite riches in a little room. was an ancient belief that a suspended stufted halcyon (/. sparkling diarrionds. And And \ thus methinks should traffic men of judgment frame Their means of from the vulgar trade.

I go. say'st. there's somewhat come. Will serve as well as were present there. through our Mediterranean sea. How now? Merch. . Go send 'em threescore And twenty waggons to But art is thou master in a ship of mine. : 235 I sent for Egypt and the bordering isles Are gotten up by Nilus' winding banks Mine argosy from Alexandria. now under sail. and richly fraught. THE JEW OF MALTA. They are. : Bar. which of ' my ships art thou master of ? at the i. Barabas. Why then go bid them come ashore. bring up the ware.] . Bar. Are smoothly gliding down by Candy shore To Malta. Sirrah. Bar. Loaden with spice and silks. thirty nmles. ? But who comes here Enter a Merchant.e. Enter them custom-house. Riding in Malta-road : and all the merchants With other merchandise are safe arrived. thy ships are safe. And Will have sent me to know whether ' yourself come and custom them. Bar. sir. thy credit not enough for that ? And Merch. ! 'em the Jew of Malta sent thee. bills And I bring with them their credit in the I of entry : hope our custom-house camels.SCENE I. And Tush therefore far exceeds my credit. man who amongst 'em knows not Barabas ? tell Go Merch. So then. The very custom barely comes to more Than many merchants of the town are worth. The ships are safe thou Merch.

Sir. That had the galleys of the Turk in chase. Where Nilus pays Thou needs must Merch. Belike they coasted round by Candy shore About their oils. go thou thy ways. at the entry there into the sea.road. we were wafted by a Spanish That never left us till within a league. But 'twas ill done of you to come so Without the aid or conduct of far their ships. Bar. riches. strength. or other businesses. Bar. at this argosy. Merch. Know. or by Caire. yet I wonder Efiter a second Merchant. Thine argosy from Alexandria. Tush. discharge thy And And bid my factor bring his loading in. How ships chance you came not with those other That sailed by Egypt ? 2nd Merch. O they were going up to Sicily ! — : Well. Bar. we saw 'em not. They wondered how you durst with so much wealth But this Trust such a crazed vessel. Barabas. 2nd Merch. nor inquired of them we heard some of our seamen say. 2nd Merch. they are wise ! I know her and her ship. \_Exit Merch. and orient pearl. Laden with and exceeding store Of Persian of gold. Bar. sail by Alexandria. sir. fleet. Of the Speranza. But go. his tribute to the main. : I neither saw them. doth ride in Malta. go.236 THE JEW OF MALTA. silks. Bar. and so far. [act i. . Sir. And saw'st thou not ? Mine Thou But argosy at Alexandria could'st not come from Egypt.

cannot but we have scambled up - More wealth by far than those that brag of faith. and see the fraught discharged. Ay. Scrambled. . some in Italy. Obed in Bairseth. and excessive pride. Myself Many I in Nones in Portugal. our number's few. And herein was old Abram's happiness What more may Heaven do for earthly man : Than thus to pour out plenty in their laps. ' 237 And bid the merchants and my men despatch And come ashore. But malice. France. the great Jew of Greece. to must confess we come not : be kings That's not our fault alas. Bar. Making the seas their servants. And They I for his conscience lives in beggary. \_Exit. There's Kirriah Jairim. And crowns come either by succession. znd Merch. Which methinks fits not their profession.SCENE I. in Malta. falsehood. and wealthy every one far . Haply some hapless man hath conscience. Thus I go. : Than pitied in a Christian poverty For I can see no fruits in all their faith.] THE JEW OF MALTA. wealthier than any Christian. for Ripping the bowels of the earth them. are a scattered nation : say we tell. force : Or urged by ^ and nothing violent - P'reight. and the winds ? To drive their substance with successful blasts ? Who hateth is me I but for my happiness Or who honoured now but a for his wealth ? Rather had Jew be hated thus. trowls our fortune in by land and : sea. And thus are we on every side enriched These are the blessings promised to the Jews.

Give us a peaceful rule. That I thirst much for principality. make Christians kings. I St. how now. tell not And here he comes. For he can counsel best in these affairs Tush. Why.men what dream you of their multitudes. ^ Why. 2ndJew. and kill all So they spare me. . They would not come in warlike manner thus. I [act i. I fear their coming will afflict us all. so we be conquerors Nay. ! What need they treat of peace that are in league ? The Turks and those of Malta are in league. my daughter. let 'em come. i. ? Enter ist /e7v. Why.238 THE JEW OF MALTA. me 'twas done of policy. is some other matter in't. Were it for confirmation of a league. Tut. whom hold as dear : As Agamemnon did his Iphigen hers. Jew. A fleet of warlike galleys. Come. nor many children. war. tut. there is istjew. therefore. Or let 'em war. ! Bar. And all I have is But who comes here three Jews. I But one sole daughter.e. [^Aside. have no charge. Barabas. conquer. The scene here supposed to be shifted to a street or to the - Exchange. countrymen Why What flock you thus to me in multitudes ? accident's betided to the Jews ? 1st Jew. Bar. Fond. : Are come from Turkey. let 'em combat. can be permanent. so they come not to war . . and my wealth. they come for peace or Foolish. let us go to Barabas. Bar. Oft have heard so tell. 2nd Jew. and lie in our road And they this day sit in the council-house To entertain them and their embassy. Barabas.

But never could 2. Haply for neither.rd Jeui. why then every man Provide him. good Barabas. Zaareth . be " Proximus sum egomet mihi. \_Exeunt Jews. And. all the Jews in Malta must be there. With whom they have attempted many times. 111 make sure for one. let \Aside. Bar. The words should . . now search this secret out : Summon These thy senses. And very wisely said. The Turks have let increase to such a sum As all the wealth of Malta cannot pay And now by that advantage thinks belike To seize upon the town ay. : And seek in time to intercept the worst. 2nd Jew. Bar. But meeting in the senate-house. like Hum . let 'em take the town. If anything shall there concern our state. I ha' got. call thy wits together silly men mistake the matter clean. that he seeks. leaves. all the Jews in Malta must be there let ? enough. 1 Misquoted from Terence's Andria. but to pass along Towards Venice by the Adriatic Sea. iv. take ou Farewell." \Exit. Temainte. Farewell. 239 Bar. us go. Warily guarding that which Ego mihimet sum semper proximiis} Why. all in policy I fear. know you Let's will.] THE JEW OE MALTA. i. there's a It may be so. And Ay. let 'em enter. Howe'et the world go. and be there for fashion-sake. 2nd Jezo. Well. 12. brethren. Assure yourselves \st Je^v. . Barabas. effect their stratagem. farewell.SCENE I. Long to the Turk did Malta contribute Which tribute. I I'll look —unto myself.

and those other Isles To us. [ Consults apart with the Knights. nay.. And send to keep our galleys under •' For happily we : shall not tarry here Now. Candy. hope your highness Cal. Now. I wish. Let's know 'tis perhaps it is not long And more kingly scene is to obtain by peace ^ The - Bashaws or Pashas. xst Bas. let Cal. Thus That you will say. that we came from ^Rhodes. Stand all aside. Haply. What's Cyprus.^ i. I may not. the will sum is over-great. Bas. Bassoes. Fern. Cal. SCENE II. Wherein Fern. I dare not dally. Alas I my lord. and the knights determine. ! a little courtesy. . Fern. or Malta ? What at our hands demand ye ? Cal. [act i. The ten years' tribute that remains unpaid. great Selim Calymath. Knights of Malta. Candy. 'twere in 'tis my power To favour you. Then give us leave. What. From That Cyprus. That's more than in our commission. Callipine their time.240 THE JEW OF MALTA. . sail.e. governor. but my father's cause. Fern. and Officers met by Calymath atid Bassoes of the Turk} . needs have ten years' tribute We may Amongst \st have time to make collection the inhabitants of Malta is for't. supposed to be inside the council-house. us. Enier Ferneze. Governor of Malta Knights. consider grave governor.what demand you at our hands ? Know. how are you resolved ? since your hard conditions are such past. and those other Isles lie betwixt the Mediterranean seas. ! Fern.

governor J^ern. attend the respite you have ta'en. me leave : —and. then. it That we have but cannot compass reason of the wars that robbed our store therefore are And we to request your aid. by constraint. 1st Knight. to keep your quiet still. seek.SCENE II. Then. for the Where money send our messe^iger.] THE JEW OF MALTA. ? 241 Than What to enforce conditions respite ask you. Barabas. Cai. and brave Knights of Malta. ! Farewell. jst Knig/it. amount. Tut. Yes. more 'longs to 't than let so. To what By this ten years' tribute will cast. Si And 'tis thy money. there's them have it. Bar. we are no soldiers : And what's our aid against so great a prince ? . lordship shall do well to Fern. To levy of us ten years' tribute past. but see you keep your promise. . And all good fortune wait on Calymath [Exeunt Calymath a/id Bassoes. those Jews of Malta hither : Go one and call Were they not summoned to appear to-day? Off. we know we thou art no soldier Thou art a merchant and a moneyed man. Mar. Soft. give near. now come From the Emperor of Turkey arrived Great Selim Calymath. my lord. Enter Bar abas and three Jews. his highness' son. Jew. here Now Your know that it concerneth us Bar. Alas. and here they come. my lord. Barabas. They were. good my lord. But a month. We grant we'll a month. Have you determined what to say to them ? Fern. Now And launch our galleys back again to sea. is Hebrews. great governor Fern.

No. Off. like infidels. Off. Bar.242 THE JEW OF MALTA. and each of them pay one half of his estate. his estate ? I hope you mean not \_Aside. half mine. Are strangers with your tribute to be taxed 2nd Knight. we will give half O earth-mettled villains. the tribute-money of the Turks to shall all be levied amongst the Jews. Barabas. {reading). Bar. How." The Bar. and no Hebrews born And will you basely thus submit yourselves To leave your goods to their arbitrament ? Fern. my lord. Fern. "Secondly. he that denies^ to pay shall Christian. Read on. Hum. Thine and the For. Why. wilt thou be christened ' ? Refuses. Alas. ? Fern. to be short. . denies this shall absolutely lose all he has. my money ? rest. Then let the rich increase your portions. ! Bar. For through our sufferance of your hateful lives. How equally ? Fern. How. These taxes and therefore thus we are determined. Who And stand accursed in the sight of Heaven. my lord ! [act I. isi Jew. amongst you't must be had." Bar. Fern. afflictions are befallen." ? straight become a Bar. Have wealth ? strangers leave with us to get their Then let them with us contribute. Read there the articles of our decrees. the most of us are poor. Officer (reads) " First. Jew. three Jews. {reading). How ! a Christian " Lastly. O my lord. he that what's here to do ? [^Aside.

we if will not banish thee. No. the penalty of our decree. it was not got so half Nor will I part so slightly therewithal. I will 243 Bar. Dio ! stay you shall have ! the half. I Bar. Why. wealth. know you what you did by Half of my substance is a city's wealth. me be it used but as my brethren are. No. No.' this device ? Then pay thy half. Either pay that. From naught at first thou cam'st to little From little unto more. Will you then Is theft the steal my goods ? ground of your religion ? Fern. or Bar. is Ftrn. 'Tis not our fault. Bar.SCENE II. get more. thou canst. easily Governor.e. but thy inherent sin. [Exetmt Oncers. and. what or how can multiply ? Of naught ist is nothing made. Jew. all And make thee poor and scorned of the world. gott'st But here Live still in Malta. . governor. Bar. Jew. thou hast denied the articles. where thou thy wealth. Convert. Barabas.] THE JEW OF MALTA. from more to most curse fall : If your first heavy on thy head. Christians. we take particularly thine : To save the ruin of a multitude And better one want for the common good Than many perish for a private man : Yet. And now cannot be recalled. bring wrongs Preach ? you Scripture to confirm your me not out of ' my i. What. Corpo di Let we will seize on all. . on a sign from Ferneze. Feni. Knight. Fern. Bar. be no convertite. possessions.. Sir.

a monstrous : sin. It shall be Re-enter Officers. My ships. Then we'll take order for the residue. ! Convert his mansion to a nunnery . \st Knight. You have my goods. wretched Barabas ! Sham'st thou not thus to justify thyself. Bar. Now. listen not to his exclaims. which being valued. and thy is Be patient riches will increase. are you my money. Amount to more than all the wealth in Malta. Fern. and my satisfied ? wealth. Bar. Excess of wealth cause of covetousness 'tis : And covetousness. having all. theft is worse tush ! take not from me For that is theft and if you rob me thus. my lord. and all that I enjoyed you can request no more \ flinty heari:s Unless your unrelenting . but then. Fern. are wicked.24+ THE JEW OF MALTA. His house will harbour so. Well then. As if If thou rely we knew not thy profession ? upon thy righteousness. Off. my And. Ay. store. have you done ? we have seized upon the goods And wares of Barabas. Out. as tribe that I all [act i Some Jews But say the Christians are : descended Of Were all in general cast away for sin. Ay. many holy nuns. O. And of the other we have seized half. officers. my lord. I must be forced to steal and compass more. Grave governor. Shall I be tried by their transgression ? : The man that dealeth righteously shall live And which of you can charge me otherwise ? Fern. say.

in. my children's hope. esteem the injury far less To take the lives of miserable men Than be the causers of their misery. and die in this distress ? \st Jew. thou great Primus Motor ! And here upon my knees. Fern. \st Knight.] THE JEW OF MALTA. \Exeunt Bar. That thus have dealt with \st Jew. and all men's hatred upon them. Inflict And extreme tortures of the fiery deep. Come. us and gather of these goods be looked unto league. Ferji. policy ! Barabas and the Jews. The comfort of mine age. Bar. Why. And The not simplicity. as hardly can we brook . Ay. gentle Barabas. O yet be patient. No. You have my wealth. Your extreme right does me exceeding wrong But take Fern. . we break the all except And that will prove but simple policy. 'Tis necessary that : we break our day. Bar. that's their profession. I ban their souls to everlasting pains Earth's barrenness.SCENE II. pity in 245 Suppress all your stony breasts. to stain our hands with blood from us and our profession. thou hast naught but right. striking the earth. The money For if for this tribute of the Turk. Why. me in my distress. Barabas. plagues of Egypt. it to you. let i' the devil's name. Content thee. the labour of my life. I Bar. Barabas. And therefore ne'er distinguish of the wrong. Barabas. to bereave And now Is far shall move you my life. as they suggest. O silly brethren. and the curse of Heaven. born to see this day Why stand you thus unmoved with my laments ? Why weep you not to think upon my wrongs? Why pine not I.

That clouds of darkness may inclose my flesh. himself disarmed. 2nd Jew. What tell you me of Job? I wot his wealth Was written thus : he had seven thousand sheep. Great injuries are not so soon forgot. : Had I they been valued at indifferent rate. \st Jew. [act I. And painful nights. at had home.246 THE JEW OF MALTA. and two hundred yoke Of labouring oxen. remember Job. have been appointed me. That in a field amidst his enemies Doth see his soldiers slain. and I but one And of me only have they taken all. Why did you yield to their extortion : ? You were a multitude. . and in mine argosy. Were ne'er possessed of wealth. . And knows no means of his recovery Ay. let me sorrow for this sudden chance 'Tis in the trouble of my spirit I speak . forlorn Barabas . leave me in my patience. Ay. The cruel handling of ourselves in this Thou seest they have taken half our goods. You. Bar. brother Barabas. And henceforth wish for an eternal night. Three thousand camels. And hide these extreme sorrows from mine eyes : For only I have toiled to inherit here The months of vanity and loss of time. Yet. but I may curse the day. Good Barabas. Bar. Bar. and five hundred She-asses but for every one of those. As much as would have bought his beasts and And yet have kept enough to live upon : So that not he. I pray. are pleased with liberty at least to want But give him mourn. Thy fatal birth-day. be patient. And other ships that came from Egypt last. him.

And framed of finer mould than common men. On. for myself. ! Farewell. suggests that on the Jews' departure the scene to shift to a street near Barabas's house.. Repair. And For cunning for the time to come : evils are apt to happen every day. Barabas is born to better chance. then but trust me 'tis a misery To see a man in such affliction. But whither wends O ! what has made ! my beauteous Abigail ? my lovely daughter sad ? not for a little What. his ireful mood Our words 2?id Jeiv. us leave him .e. is Violent emotion.^ . will let 247 in Jew. ^ i. With fierce exclaims run to the senate-house. And. Barabas \Exeiint the three Jews. for the villains have no wit themselves. urged thereto with my afflictions. but aged Barabas : : Father. Bar.SCENE ist II. That measure naught but by the present time. fare you See the simplicity of these base slaves. my father. Abig. but increase his ecstasy. A reaching thought cast with will search his deepest wits. Think me to be a senseless lump of clay That will with every water wash to dirt No. for thee lamenteth Abigail But I will learn to leave these fruitless tears. And in the senate reprehend them all. And rend their hearts with tearing of reduce^ the wrongs done to Till they ^ my hair. Ay. Who. woman moan Not loss : Thy father hath enough in store for thee.^ well.] THE JEW OF MALTA. Come. Etiter Abigail. * Dyce supposed .

Where. my think me not all so fond ' As negligently to forego so much and nie. That I may vanish o'er the earth in that e'er I I this air. My gone ! gold my gold ! and my wealth is You partial heavens. my girl. And time may yield us an occasion Which on Besides. my house. Without provision for thyself Ten thousand Rich portagues. luckless stars. was? I will live Foolish. this before Abig. it fell. Fearing the worst of I closely hid. girl. a nunnery. To go into my house. And No. . where none but their in . nor loathe - my life : Portuguese gold coins. Think me so mad as I will hang myself. father? Bar. I trow. Then shall they ne'er be seen of Barabas For they have seized upon thy house and wares. Bar. Bar. * leave no memory .248 THE JEW OF MALTA. In Abig. That may they not I left the For there governor placing nuns. ? To make me desperate in my poverty ? And knowing me impatient in distress. daughter.e. costly jewels. things past recovery Are hardly cured with exclamations. Sex. the sudden cannot serve the turn. But they will give me leave once more. No. of thy house they Displacing me and . sufferance breeds ease. mean own all sect ^ Must enter men ! generally barred. Abig.^ besides great pearls. [act i. ^ i. have I deserved this plague you thus oppose me. Abigail. To make Bar. will What. Be silent. and stones infinite.

] THE JEW OF MALTA. for religion Hides many mischiefs from Bar. Then. my girl Entreat the abbess to be entertained. And seem to it done of holiness. Ay. Well. some nuns Bar. shall follow ? shall follow What then Bar. there must Abig. I'll rouse my ! senses and awake myself. Abigail. hypocrisy. and put me to my shifts.SCENE II. Tush ! As good dissemble that thou never mean'st. father. Daughter I have it : thou perceiv'st the plight : Wherein these Christians have oppressed me Be ruled by me. me there. daughter. for in extremity We ought to make bar of no policy. What Then will not Abigail attempt . A counterfeit profession is better Than unseen Abig. I did. As first mean truth and then dissemble it. they will suspect . Bar. as a nun ? suspicion. Abig. ? Bar. but be thou so precise As they may think Entreat 'em fair. father. since you leave me in the ocean thus To sink or swim. Bar. and Abig. but. Ay. Till thou hast gotten to be entertained. thou told'st me they have turned are there ? my house Into a nunnery. whate'er it be to injure them That have so manifestly wronged us. How. This then . shall I much dissemble. Why. Let 'em suspect Abig. Thus. so thus. father. them as if thy sins were great. and give them friendly speech. Father. Abig. ' 249 And. say that I be entertained.

wretched Barabas Sometime the owner of a goodly house. [ They retire. Then. The gold and jewels which I kept for thee. Fearing the afflictions which my father feels Proceed from I'd pass sin. seem offended with thee for't my girl. The Jew of Malta. Abigail. [act I. Abbess. Pity the state of a distressed maid. The better for we love not to be seen : 'Tis thirty winters long since some of us Did stray so far amongst the multitude. madam. Abig. go with me. is Abb. are almost at the new-made nunnery. Abb. Grave abbess. or want of faith in us. Jac. Well.250 THE JEW OF MALTA. What art thou. say. Friar Barnardine. and you. . It is not necessary I be seen I will : For Be close. happy virgins' guide. Sisters. But here they come be cunning. for this must fetch my gold. Abb. Jac. Abigail. Abb.chamber floor. daughter ? The hopeless daughter of a hapless Jew. But. father. and a Nun. Will much It delight you. Abig. Bar. Abig. Which they have now turned to a nunnery. this house And waters of this new-made nunnery F. but who comes here ? [Abigail comes foru>ard. in this . . No. what thy suit with us ? Abig. Enter Friar Jacomo. There have I hid. daughter. F. close underneath the plank That runs along the upper. life away my in penitence. we now . may be so .

may be entertained. although thou art in misbelief. ^^She goes to him. but this proceedeth spirit. ? For she has mortified herself. of the F. upon the jewels and the gold. thy daughter be no longer blind. and of a moving spirit too. First let Abb. we admit you for a nun. My And I solitary life to let me lodge where I was wont to do not doubt. father's Bar. Hinder her not. No doubt. Barabas. brother.SCENE II. as all I hid is worth. by your divine precepts And mine own industry. Jac. forgive me Bar. How mortified ? ! F. back. . Child of perdition. Well. think F. Nay. but come. follow us. daughter. Jac.] THE JEW OF MALTA. daughter. but to profit much. And is admitted to the sisterhood. Jac. (And in a whisp. how now. thou man of Httle faith.) Away. Bar. Bar. my blessing that thou leave These and damned heresy. I hope. and thy shame ! What I wilt thou do among their these hateful fiends ? charge thee on devils. me as a novice learn to frame your strait laws. brother . F. from thy father's sight. And Yet wilt not see thine let own afflictions. {^Aside to Abigail The board is marked thus that covers it. Come. Barn. Abigail. \^Aside. lie. As much. Let us entreat she Abig. Abigail. Father. Ay. Jac.r. Abb. Bar. Abig. accursed. 251- And be a novice in your nunnery. To make atonement for my labouring soul. Why. {co?mng forward). What makest thou amongst these hateful Christians F.

Lod. Who's this? ! fair Abigail. she were fitter for to this : a tale of love. my opinion.) a whisper.) \^Asideinaivhisper. . on the other side Friars. noble Lodowick. Nun. and so be gone. have seen The strangest sight. see (Farewell. as they are going out. That ever * The old edition has f inserted here. Enter Lodowick. I [act I. Don Mathias ! in a 1 dump ? Math. in I beheld. Than rise at midnight to a solemn mass. Math.252 THE JEW OF MALTA. Blind reck not thy persuasions. Abbess. out. forget not. me not. Believe me. come not at me . Wilt thou forsake me too in my distress.) \Aside to Abigail in a whisper.) \Asidcinaivhispcr. had rather die than see her thus. friar. ' (The board For I is marked thus that covers it. thou wretch ! {Exeunt. Seduced daughter? (Go. Forget me. Embraced in a friendly lover's arms. : Than to be tired out with orisons And better would she far become a bed. Why. Becomes it Jews to be so credulous ? (To-morrow early I'll be at the door. No. Bar. how now. the rich Jew's daughter. Out. presumably to indicate the sign that Barabas was to make with his hand. Become a nun her father's sudden fall Has humbled her and brought her down Tut. \_Aside in remember to-morrow morning. Enter Mathias. and Abigail . if thou wilt be damned. on one side Barabas.

I prithee ? fair 253 What Math. 'Twere time well spent to go and visit her : How say you. Math. II. . Farewell. Barabas. 'twould have moved your heart. And metamorphosed nun. Though countermined with Or at the least to pity. Lod. or it go hard. Lod. scarce fourteen years of field. walls of brass. shall I we ? . Why.SCENE Lod. Farewell. And matchless beautiful As. must and will. was't. age. What. Lod. whose goods were strangely lately seized } Is she so fair ? Math. A young maid. to love. And if she be so fair as you report. the rich Jew's daughter. what was she ? Math. Lodowick. The sweetest flower in Cytherea's Cropt from the pleasures of the fruitful earth. had you seen her. Math.] THE JEW OF MALTA. But say. Mathias. \^Exeimt src'erauy. Lod. sir there's shall no remedy. And so will I too.

ACT THE SECOND. ivith a light. and direct the hand or let the day ! Turn to eternal darkness after this No Nor sleep can fasten quiet enter on my watchful eyes. O thou. But bare remembrance. And in the shadow of the silent night Doth shake contagion from her sable Vexed and tormented runs poor Barabas With fatal curses [wings towards these Christians. like the sad presaging raven. SCENE Enter Barabas I. Thus. . that tolls The sick man's passport in her hollow beak. . that with a fiery pillar led'st The Of sons of Israel through the dismal shades. and left me in despair And of my former riches rests no more like a soldier's scar. my distempered thoughts. Light Abraham's offspring Abigail this night . ^ AR. That has no further comfort for his maim. now turned into a nunnery. The before Barabas's house. Till I * have answer of scene is my Abigail. The uncertain pleasures of swift-footed time Have ta'en their flight.

here receive thy happiness. and of the sudden wake. Bar. above. walk. as sit so sadly thus. O my my girl. Come and receive the treasure I have found. and jewels.] THE JEW OF MALTA. I live. rests. where I have found The gold. My gold. [T/iroii's down the bags] hast thou't ? There's more. which he hid. Now my I remember those old women's words. when Abig. tell Who And in wealth would spirits me winter's tales. Bueno para todos mi ganado no era As good go on But stay. and more. fortune. father. here lives here I die. my felicity ! . Now have I happily espied a time To search the plank my father did appoint And here behold. Then. gentle sleep. Bar. and more. Abigail. : Bar. Who's Abig. Abig. and ghosts that glide by night About the place where treasure hath been hid And now methinks that I am one of those speak of : For whilst And. Then.SCENE I. what star shines yonder in the east ? The loadstar of there ? my life. Peace. Who's that ? 'tis I. where'er his body Give charge to Morpheus that he may dream A golden dream. He said he would attend me in the morn. if Abigail. Bar. Now to that my yet father's fortune were so good As but be about : this Tis not so happy when we parted last. the pearls. my soul's shall my spirit happy place sole hope. unseen. 255 Enter Abigail Abig. Hast thou't ? Abig. Bar. Here.

\_Exit. 'Tis true. for the I raven wake the morning lark. that I had thee here too : ! Then my But girl ! desires were fully satisfied I will practise thy enlargement thence Ogold!' it O beauty ! O my bliss ! \_Hugs the lags. this in Shylock's ^ i. us part. as she does o'er her young. O Treat. is is of Spain. xst Knight. Enter Ferneze. the Flying Dragon. begin to wake let And 'bout this time the nuns To shun suspicion. captain. therefore. Father. Jfermoso placer de los dineros. Strength to death to mine enemy Welcome the first beginner of my bliss ! O O Abigail. Now.e. Martin del Bosco. I bound My ship. 1 my lord. And so am I : Del Bosco my name Vice-admiral unto the Catholic King. . my joy. therefore entreat^ him We have a kind of echo of " &c. Now And That Phoebus ope the eyelids of the day. JEW OF MALTA. Abigail. with her in the air may hover Singing o'er these. and Knights. Governor of Malta. Bar. SCENE Fern. ! [act ii. tell us whither thou art bound ? ? Whence is thy And why thou ship that anchors in our road ? cam'st ashore without our leave Bosc. and by it my fingers take A kiss from him that sends from his soul. draweth towards midnight now. " My daughter. w«ll. \_Exit Abigail aboi^e. hither am .256 THE my soul. II. Farewell. Abig.

we dare not By reason of a tributary league. to My The Was lord.] THE JEW OF MALTA. For late Their creeping galleys had us in the chase : But suddenly the wind began to rise. the rest remain our Of whom we would make sale in Malta Welcome But to Malta. Will Knights of Malta be in league with Turks. nay.e. ^ Old ed.* and fought at eas^: Some have we fired.SCENE Bosc.And he means quickly to expel you hence Therefore be ruled by me. Del Bosco.not to the Turkish ' fleet. sum that Calymath requires ? this isle. Persuade our governor against the Turk This truce we have is but in hope of gold. Fern. to admit a of these thy Turks give consent We may \si not. Christian Isle of Rhodes. Captain. Bosc. And buy it basely too for sums of gold ? that. Fern. . and keep the gold 1 : Freight. whence you came. and many have we sunk But one amongst the rest became our prize : The captain's slain. '" and you were stated here To be at deadly enmity with Turks. but our force is small. Fern. . Did not lower our flags. and Afric Moors. Martin del Bosco. * <» Old ed. Because we vailed . 257 Our fraught^ is Grecians. "left and tooke. as thou lov'st and honour'st us. Mar. A hundred thousand crowns. II. I have heard of thee and to all of us . What is the we know it. My lord and king hath title to . from lately lost. s.ile slaves. Bosc. And then we luffed and tacked." made by Dyce. craves might And with that sum he we wage war. upon the coast of Corsica. Bosc. Turks. Knight. S Established. " i. remember Europe's shame. here. " The correction was " Spanish.

258 I'll THE JEW OF MALTA. . Honour is bought with blood and not with gold. come. So will we fight it out . and not a man survived To bring the hapless news to Christendom. here let 'em stand Fear not their sale. Efiter Barabas. had not for goods been He'd given us present money them all. Here comes the Jew. And Go. Ithamore and other Slaves. [act ii. 2nd Off. Fern. for they'll be quickly bought. Bosc. In spite of these swine-eating Christians. instead of gold. They fought it out. his ist Off. write unto his majesty for aid. On this condition shall thy Turks be sold set officers. : \_Exeunt. Bar.— ^ The scene is the market-place. [^Exeunt Officers. Ever}' one's price is written on his back. we are resolved. We'll send thee bullets wrapt in smoke and fire Claim tribute where thou wilt. they yield or not be sold. This is the market-place. let's away Proud daring Calymath. Small though the number was that kept the town. So shall you imitate those you succeed For when their hideous force environed Rhodes. Bosco. thou shalt be Malta's general We and our warlike Knights will follow thee Against these barb'rous misbelieving Turks.* ist Of. not depart until I see you free. SCENE Enter Officers 7oith III. and them straight in show. : Fern. And so much must seized.

That can so soon forget an injury. I. and his son's too. and so insinuate. the governor's son.^ And duck as low as any barefoot Hoping to see them starve upon a stall. me dog. I am not of the tribe of Levi. or it shall go hard. Having Ferneze's hand. We Jews can fawn like spaniels when we please And when we grin we bite.SCENE III. Even for charity I may spit into't. and fair as is I have bought a house . whose heart I'll have \ Ay. That. yet are our looks : As innocent and harmless I learned in as a lamb's. never circumcised. Such as (poor villains !) were ne'er thought upon Till Titus and Vespasian conquered us. Heave up my shoulders when they call . Or else be gathered for in our synagogue. when the offering-basin comes to me." . great and the governor's And there in spite of Malta will I dwell. I That may have Mathias a sight of Abigail tells For Don me she is fair. Here comes Don Lodowick. to kiss Florence how my friar hand. Am As I become as wealthy as I was They hoped my daughter would ha' been a nun : .] THE JEW OF MALTA. One that I love for his good father's sake. Lod. 259 Unchosen nation. I'll I hear the wealthy Jew walked this way : seek him out. ^ Now will I show myself I This recalls Shylock's "Still have borne it with a patient S 2 shrug. Enter Lodowick. Bar. But she's at home.

Lod. it sparkles bright and fair. O. Well. now for fair Abigail. let me know. . . your father had left me to a diamond ? my diamonds. Bar. canst help Bar. Bar. Yond' walks the \Aside. Bar. We turn into the air to purge ourselves : For unto us the promise doth belong. \Aside. And the white leprosy. thou know'st I am the governor's son. : have one that will serve your turn : mean my daughter sacrifice but ere he shall have her I'll her on a pile of wood. \Aside. What sparkle does it give without a foil ? Bar. Outshines Cynthia's rays You'll like better far o' nights than days. That is^-more knave than fool. much too. no doubt but she's at your command. ay. To have more of the serpent than the dove. And what's tlie price? 1 Defiled. Lod. Lo7i. Barabas : \Aside. it the better. That's I all the would you were his father. Jew . Whither walk'st thou.26o THE JEW OF MALTA. \Aside. Is it square or pointed. too. I How it shows by night ? : Bar. So do Lod. The diamond that I talk of ne'er was foiled \Aside. Lod. [act ii. Lod. I like it good sir — but not for you. it will be foiled L^od. Bar. Barabas. sir harm I wish you. Barabas. Pointed Lj)d. Ay. ? Bar. Lod. Vet I I sir. The slave looks — Like a hog's-cheek neAv singed. But when he touches it. No farther 'tis a custom held with us. That when we speak with Gentiles like to you. pray it is. : — : Lord Lodowick. \Aside. I ha' the poison of the city for him.

. it . come to my house And I will give't your honour I will —with a vengeance. Against my will. in fulness of perfection. part. And as it were in catechising sort. [Aside. Christian truth. [Aside. No doubt your soul shall reap the fruit of it. bear thee company. And made my house a place for nuns most chaste. the harvest is far ofC And yet I know the prayers of those nuns And holy friars. glance not at our holy nuns.L No. But now Bar. Lo. I Bar. — . III. I will see your death. it. . — : 'Tis likely they in time I may reap some fruit. sir. you have [Aside. having money for their pains. go hard I but. and thrust me out o' doors. Bar. for the [Asi^e.' mean Lod. Are wondrous and indeed do no man good And seeing they are not idle. Earabas. but do it through a burning zeai. Lod. Come then — here's the market-place. slave. Ay. my lord.. Seized all I had. of. . 261 Your lord. To make me mindful of my mortal sins. To bring me to religious purity. . Hoping I'll ere long to set the house afire For though they do a while increase and multiply. but still doing. deserve Bar. Barabas. of mere charity and at my hands. We will not jar about the price . As diamond.SCENE Bar. I told you Come home and Even for It shall there's no price shall make us. have a saying to that nunnery. but.] THE life JEW OF an if MALTA. Good sir. [Asuie. must be gone to buy a I'll Lod. Good Barabas. it first. Your father has deserved Who. . No. your honourable father's sake.] O my . and whether I would or no. And.

Some wicked trick or other. colour of shaving. to Bar. thou'lt cut my throat ? my Tell me. Sir. sir ! I am a very youth. Slave. the town-seal might be got for his lifetime To keep him sessions from the gallows : The day is critical to thieves. I will serve you. ? \st Off. allegorical character in the old moralities. No more. Why should this Turk Because he is be dearer than that Moor qualities. Let me see. Vanity. that's his price. and marry you sir. : beef a day will maintain you in these chops leaner. sir Bar. And few or none 'scape but by being purged. hast thou thy health well Slave. break my head with it. an't I must have one that's So much the worse be but for sparing victuals 'tis not a stone of . being bought.- A youth ? if I'll buy you. \st Off. No. Alas. sirrah. under goods. \ let me see one that's somewhat \st Off. Here's a leaner. Ay.* that. Moor but at two hundred plates ? Bar. Bar. Lady you do well. I can cut and shave. can he steal that ? BeHke he has some new trick for a purse And So if he has. . Rat'st thou ist Off. What. What. It may for be. this Lod. Where wast thou born * 2 An Pieces of silver coin. passing well Bar. he is worth three hundred plates. Slai'e. Bar. I'll forgive thee. hast the philosopher's stone an thou hast. Slave. my lord. young and has more ? Bar. this slave ? [act ii. sickly. What's the price of Two hundred crowns I Do the Turks weigh so much ? you demand so much . how ? like you him ? Bar.262 THE JEW OF MALTA. are you not an old shaver ? .

Bar. you are mine. This Moor is comeliest. But wherefore talked Don Lodowick with you ? Bar. have it. In brought up in Arabia. we talked of diamonds. i. Yonder comes Don Mathias. Kath. That by my help shall do much villainy. farewell. As for the diamond. for the Bar. My lord.. Break off our conversation. He But loves I my daughter. Thrace . mark him. Math. sirrah. Enter Mathias and his Mother Katherine. farewell Come. No. \st Off. and take him hence. let us stay [Exit Lodowick. this is the better. \_Aside. madam.] THE JEW OF MALTA. Mathias. and 'tis at your command. Then mark him. \Gives money. and she holds frustrate him dear : have sworn to both their hopes. it shall be yours . Seem not to know me here before your mother. Tush man. . better. : All that I have shall be at your command. I pray. sir. Tell me. my turn. 263 Itha. sir. be no stranger at my house. So much the thou art for . Math. and my talk with him was but is Kath. -^ Bar. mother in view this well. for this is he \^Aside. I'll Bar. . is Lest she mistrust the match that hand : When you have brought her home. Ay. sir. Bar.SCENE III. come to my house Think of me as thy father . And be revenged upon the governor. you were best. As About the borrowing of a book or ' two. ! • I not that the Jew ? comment on the Maccabees. An hundred crowns ? have him there's the coin. What makes the Jew and Lodowick so private I fear ? me 'tis about fair Abigail. Math. Math. not of Abigail. Yes.e. son. son. is he not ? speak.

sir. and heartless fear. Kath. - And always kept the sextons' arms in ure With digging graves and ringing dead men's knells : ^ Barabas was represented on the stage with a large false nose. thy name. to cherish Christian thieves. Hast thou no trade? then my : words. my profession what you please. In Rowley's Search for Money {1609) allusion is made to the " artificial! Jewe of Maltaes nose. Now me know Thy birth. I worship your nose ' for this. . listen to Bar. Bar. away. Be moved Itha. love. thou pity none. vain hope. Faith. I studied physic. That I may. Jew. . See 'em go pinioned along by my door." 3 Use. and therewithal and profession. But to thyself smile when the Christians moan. he's cast off from heaven. fellow Sirrah. Mathias and his Mother. Bar. see Compassion. let Bar. Math. O brave ! master. and began To practise first upon the Italian There I enriched the priests with burials. And First I will teach thee that shall stick by thee affections. sir. OJf. my but mean : my name's Ithamore.264 THE JEW OE MALTA. Thou . Marry will I. [act ii. come. condition. be thou void of these at nothing. I walk abroad o' nights : And kill sick people groaning under walls Sometimes I go about and poison wells And now and then. let's away. remember \_Exeu7it the book. birth is Itha. hast thy crowns. Being young. I have made reasonable market let's \_Exeu?it Officers 7vi/h Slaves. As for myself. . Come. Converse not with him. I am content to lose some of my crowns. walking in my gallery.

the Fifth. Bar. Chaining of eunuchs. was I 265 And And after that an engineer. we hate Christians both fellow Be true and secret. And every moon made some or other mad. strewed powder on the marble stones. I And That have laughed a-good' to see the cripples Go limping home this . cozening. where the pilgrims kneeled. Under pretence of helping Charles Slew friend and enemy with my stratagems. But me now. to is Christendom on something : stilts. And And with extorting. ' i. how hast thou spent thy time ? Itha. And in the night-time secretly would I steal To travellers' chambers. much coin as will buy the town. Pinning upon his breast a long great scroll How I I with interest tormented him. and there cut their throats Once I : at Jerusalem.] THE JEW OF MALTA. In good earnest.SCENE III. 'Faith. here comes Don Lodowick. I filled the jails with bankrupts in a year. forfeiting. And with young orphans planted hospitals. Why make account : : of me As of thy we are villains both Both circumcistid. binding galley-slaves. therewithal their knees would rankle so.e. . And now and then one hang himself for grief. tricks belonging unto brokery. thou shalt want no gold. master. in the wars 'twixt France and Germany. One time I was an ostler in an inn. But stand aside. Then after that was I an usurer. I But mark how have as tell am blest for plaguing them . In setting Christian villages on fire.

Entertain Lodowick the governor's son With all the courtesy you can afford Provided that you keep your maidenhead. Abigail. bid him welcome for my sake. pray pardon me. of scene here to the outside of Barabas's ^ Affianced. I'll think upon the account. Abig. speak him fair. Lod. He I is not of the seed of Abraham. well met the Where Bar. Use him as if he were a Philistine. it is my factor's hand ijito But go you in. me the letters. Abigail ! open the door. father . Dissemble. That ye be both made sure " ere you come out. and Bar. diamond you it told . Bar. . a word more kiss him . O father Don Mathias is my love. I say. sir please you walk in with me What ho. vow love to him. a little am busy. swear. Bar. sir. Enter Abigail with Abig. letters.266 THE JEW OF MALTA. \Exeunt Abigail and Lodowick the house. Give the post stays here within. Daughter. here are letters come From Ormus. on my life. . Do. me of? I have for you. In good time. protest. like a ! And \Aside. I know it : yet I say. [act ii. it is requisite it should be so Nay. for Lodowick he dies. The account is made. Enter Lodowick. — Daughter. O is Barabas. make love to him [^Aside. . cunning Jew so cast about. Abig. \Aside. do you hear. For your sake and his own he's welcome hither. My ^ factor sends me word a merchant's fled Dyce supposes a change house.

he slipt me in. my love Abigail ? this is Bar. Thou know'st. I weep whether I will or no. £n/er Mathias. for 367 That owes me I a hundred tun of wine : weigh it thus much \_Snappi/ig his fingers'] . Not your sword j you love me. When you Math.] THE JEW OF MALTA. rings. have Abigail He sends her letters. Math. And when he comes. should come and hale him from the door. Even now as came home. Heaven forbid I : should have such a thought. and he to her. but sends them back. but true. Does she receive them Bar. While she runs to the window looking out. or else thou wrong'st me much. the governor's son Pardon me though Will. treacherous Lodowick I ! O Bar. For now by this has he kissed Abigail And As she vows love to him. Math. I have wealth enough. Bar. and seem to see him not I'll \ give him such a warning ere he goes .SCENE III. fair Math. bracelets. Whither goes Don Mathias to ? stay awhile. But steal you in. no quarrels in my house . : So sure shall Don Mathias die His father was my chiefest enemy. Barabas. And I am sure he is with Abigail. Mathias. therefore sheathe Bar. Math. If I'll rouse him thence. she locks herself up fast 3 Yet through the keyhole will he talk to her. jewels. and Heaven can witness That I intend my daughter shall be thine. Ay. no. She ? ? No. O. Whither. sure as Heaven rained manna he and for the Jews. for all Malta.

Lod. yet let me talk to her. ? He has my heart I smile against my will. have small hopes of Abigail. Lod. my mind. thou know'st I've loved thy daughter long. hand Math. O ! but Win it. silly girl. \Exit into the Lod. a paltry Lod. is the base-born peasant in fear mad ? Bar. Nor Lod. it is yet unsoiled. no. ne'er dream upon. let hand ! I cannot suffer this. another time shall serve. in Math. ring. Lod. Doth she not with her smiling answer you Abig. come. and take heed. he hath sworn your death. No. What. My death ? what. Bar. Well. but happily he stands Of that which you. Bar. \^Aside. tell me shall I have it ? Bar. not a word. Barabas. and wear it. I think. I know your lordship would disdain ^ To marry with the daughter of a Jew And yet I'll give her many a golden cross With Christian posies round about the Yet crave I thy consent. And now I can no longer I the affection that I is even from a hold child. its ' piece of money with a cross marked on one of the Portuguese cruzado. as thou lovest me. Mathias ? Bar. Bar. is house. 'Tis not thy wealth. Why. And so has she done you. it pass.Z6S THE JEW OF MALTA. This bear to you. like . And mine you have. A sides. for here they Re-enter Lodowick and Abigail. thy diamond. loves she Don . My daughter here. Barabas. Mathias. shall [act II. but her that I esteem. Lod. Bar. not that the w^idow's son for ? Bar. Ay. As he Away.

SCENE in. \_Aside. and thou shalt be mine heir. So have not Abig. Bar. my I love and me.] THE JEW OF MALTA. ! Mute o' the sudden here's a sudden change. Nor our Messias Must be deluded -But that is yet to come I . I have entreated and she will grant Lod. Stay Lod. ? let till him have thy hand. this Jebusite. Satisfied. shall I be betrothed Lodowick j Bar. I shall. Why on know is your colour changed ? Abig. seeing my father bids. I Bar. Lodowick. but farewell. Abig. 269 This offspring of Cain. Don Mathias comes. but yet hope O wretched Abigail. her not speak one word more. the custom ? then I am resolved : But rather let the brightsome heavens be dim. plight thy faith to me. is't Lod. depart : She is thy wife. therefore. : mean. daughter. Nor e'er shall see the land of Canaan. Faith is not to be held with heretics are heretics that are not well. sweet Lodowick. This follows and her. Nothing but death Lod. . That maidens new betrothed should weep awhile : Trouble her not . O. Lod. Now have which my soul hath longed. ? Bar. And nature's beauty choke with » stifling clouds. her. what hast thou done the sudden \Aside. \Aside. This gentle maggot. I not. It's no sin to deceive a Christian For they themselves hold it a principle. 'tis the Hebrews' guise. keep thy heart What. O. muse not at it. That never tasted of the Passover. fear not. \Aside. Then. but let must be gone. shall part I that for I. to Abig. But all Jews \Aside. I cannot choose. gentle Abigail.

But thou must doat upon a Christian ? Abig. Bar. that. but not a pass. Here must no speeches Bar. What's that Abig. She'll die with grief. as you went You had been stabbed. There comes the now I'll be revenged. let Lod. villain. Bar. but No . in at doors That I have made thee sure to Abigail. \Exit. word on't now . he is Bar. Well. lo here I give thee Abigail. You'll make 'em friends ! Are there not Jews enow in Malta. Than my Abigail should frown on me. AVhat. Math. you shall my love.270 THE JEW OF MALTA. For this I'll have his heart. I cannot stay for if my mother come. I will have Don Mathias. him for go. Bar. Yes. What greater gift can poor Mathias have Shall Lodowick rob me of so fair a love ? My life is not so dear as Abigail. Nay. but me. Barabas. if any hurt be done. Suffer me. if is he gone unto will. Be quiet. in. ? Math. nor swords be drawn. Bar.? make 'em friends again. him for tears Father. heart misgives me. next. have him : go put her . why have you thus incensed them both ? Abig. Do so . . I'll to thee . Math. fair [act ii. to follow him. I cannot take my leave of Bar. j Bar. My He's with your mother therefore after him. Re-enter Mathias. Bar. Lodowick. Well. my mother ? you stay till she comes herself. Math. it is enough \Exit. so shall I. to cross your love. Be made an accessory of your deeds Revenge it on him when you meet him Math.

] THE JEW OF MALTA. {^Puts Abigail this ? in. Itha. Itha. Take this. have 'em both at enmity. but do it cunningly. Bar. Away then. not ? : Bar. \Exit. Ay. it hand in this. by this You purchase both Bar. No. no. that I might have a shalt. how is it lik'st thou Faith. some lie. I'll 271 Itha. . As I behave myself in this. Fear not . is it it Itha. I cannot choose but like thy readiness Yet be not rash. : Bar. That he shall verily think it comes from him. and yet It is might be done that way a challenge feigned from Lodowick. True Itha. and bear that it to Mathias \_Gives a letter. O master. Now tell me. Itha.SCENE III. 'Tis poisoned. Bar. I think their lives it . . Ay. put her in. master. Ithamore. : So. I will so set his heart afire. Till I like a cunning set spirit. not so ? and shall be cunningly performed. so thou 'tis thou must do the deed straight. Bar. employ me hereafter \_Exit Ithamore. And tell him comes from Lodowick. now will I go in to Lodowick. feign And.

And > I will Ay. have it. : my gain grows cold time has been that. . Hold thee. And yet I know my From Venice merchants. Enter Pilia-Borsa. . Filia. SCENE ELL. Pilia. be chaste. learned and And And And now. I a bag of silver. he is very seldom from my house here he comes. and it is suggested or on a balcony. a Courtesan} Since this town was besieged. there's something for thee to [ Sheios snen d. is The scene that she makes her appearance on the verandah the outside of Bellamira's house. or it shall go hard. 'Tis silver.ACT THE THIRD. The I. A hundred ducats have been freely given But now against my will I must fail. save Pilia-Borsa. liberal mean. but the Jew has gold. Enter Bellamira. wench. but for one bare night. comes there none. disdain it. Bell. and Were wont Scholars I beauty doth not from Padua to come rare-witted gentlemen.

so I took only and run my way . [Exeunt Bellamira and Pilia-Borsa. Filia. Enter Ithamore.SCENE 11. What. Look not towards . but here's the Jew's man.^ Math. The scene is a street. [They 'fight. O the sweetest face that ever I beheld attire : ! I I know she is a courtesan by her now would I give a hundred of the Jew's crowns cubine. Tell me. As meet they will. [Exit. that had such a con- Well. Mar. I chanced taking my choice. I villain write in such base terms? [Reading a did it . . T . walking the to cast through the mine eye up to the Jew's counting-house. how cam'st thou by this back-lanes. zoons. where I saw some bags of money. Bell. ? 273 Court. This is the place now Abigail Whether Mathias holds her dear or no. as I was gardens. dares the Lod. brave sport. I have delivered the challenge in such sort. shall see Enter Lodowick. let's away 's . . Enter Mathias. letter. him. Itha. and in the night I clambered up with my hooks. 'Faith. I heard a rumbling in the house this. what a looking thou keep'st thou'lt betray anon. and. Hide the bag.] THE JEW OF MALTA. Pilia. and revenge ' it if thou dar'st. and fighting die .

! Who is this ? my son Mathias slain O Lodowick had'st thou perished by ! the Turk. Katherine. that he Who made them enemies ? know not. And murder me. Fern. Enter Barabas. Bar. my son's. and Attendants. Enter Ferneze. weapon that did kill my son. part 'em now they are dead. Nay. fare- {Exit. on . Lodovico now. their That we may 'venge blood upon their heads. What sight is this shall ! —my Lodowick slain ! These arms of mine Kath. to be tall ' fellows. Fern. Wretched Ferneze might have 'venged thy death. Kath. Kath. Fern. Lend me that Lodowick him.'] Part 'em. I and that grieves me most of all. . might live.374 THE JEW OF MALTA. O ! bravely fought ! and yet they ! home. Fern. above. my tears to blood. a balcony. so did Kath. Katherine. well. Kath. let's inquire the causers of their deaths. Kath. {^Both fall. that my sighs could turn to lively breath And these Kath. Farewell. Fern. Now. [act hi. be thy sepulchre. part 'em. Hold. Look. and I'll revenge his death. Mathias So So now they have showed themselves {Cries within. and them be . My And son loved thine. interred Within one sacred monument of stone > Brave. look thy son gave mine ! — these wounds. O O leave to grieve me. ! I am grieved enough. Thy son slew mine. Fern. thrust not Bar. it shall . let Then take them up. Fern. Fern. Ay. stay that weapon was And on that rather should Ferneze die. madam.

Know ^ you not of Mathias' and scene is Don Lodowick's disaster ? The a room in L'arabas's house. why laugh's]: thou so ? O mistress.^ Why. ha ! ha ! ha ? ! Abig. knave. Itha. bottle-nosed knave my master. Abig. Itha. Itha. and so well performed Both held and flatly both beguiled ? Enter Abigail. Itha. there ever seen such villainy.] THE JEW OF MALTA. Abig. Itha. 'Come. O mistress ! I have the bravest. Why. \_Exeiint with the bodies. . So neatly plotted. Wherein? ? Why. Enter Ithamore. was in hand. O. ? . gravest. know you not Abig. altar I will offer 275 Upon which My And daily sacrifice of sighs up and tears. III. T 2 . Itha. Katherine. our .SCENE III. Say. upon my that ever gentle- man had. Ithamore. Abig. : with my prayers pierce impartial heavens. what ail'st ! thou O my Ha! master ' • Abig. how now. Why. why rail'st father thus ? my master has the bravest policy. Why. secret. no. our smarts. Then of true grief let us take equal share. to subtle. Till they reveal the causers of Which forced their hands divide united hearts losses equal are. SCENE Itha.

A very feeling one have not the nuns fine sport with the Abig. friars now and then ? sauce. question ? Abig. and BuIIen is ^ " Prior " in the old editions. mistress." which follow. Well. Itha. sirrah this your question ? get ye gone. I will. it. And was my father furtherer of their deaths ? ? Am I Ithamore Abig. : Don Mathias ne'er offended thee set But thou wert upon extreme revenge. . I carried first to Lodovvick. what was Itha. Well. my master writ it. it [act hi. Abig. No. and the devil invented a challenge. forsooth. ? Why. I pray. and impiimis to Mathias.276 THE JEW OF MALTA. which both Dyce Cunningham substituted "governor. and. sirrah. unkind Barabas Was this the pursuit of thy policy To make me show them favour severally. So sure did your father let write. And then they met. ! Abig. will you answer me but one is't? . evidently correct. me request thee this. is Go to. Abig. And say. Go to the new-made nunnery. mistress. \_Exit. ' Because the governor dispossessed thee once. That by my favour they should both be slain Admit thou Yet lov'dst not ? Lodowick for his sire. them come and speak with me. Ithamore. Itha. and 1 carry the challenge. what Itha. I pray Itha. as the story says. and inquire friars For any of the of Saint Jaques. Jtha. In doleful wise they ended both their days. Yes. Abig. Hard-hearted father.

Ttha. Abigail. it. . but see thou change no more. To get me be admitted it is for a nun. But here comes cursed Ithamore. Jacomo. of that sisterhood. begone. When Abig. F.Jac. {^Exit Ithamore. Know.SCENE III. I am bold F. Wherein? Abig. Jac. but but upon his son j Nor on Nor on But I by Mathias' means Mathias. Jac. will. Virgo.Jac. Although unworthy. to thy soul. Why. Enter Ithamore and Friar Jacomo. My The sinful soul. purchased with Has made me see the difference of things. For that will be most heavy Abig. Jac. And then thou did'st not like that holy Abig. not yet long since That I did labour thy admission. F.onition I embrace let O. grave friar ! ! . Pity in Jews. therefore. alas. : But now experience. is perceive there no love on earth.] THE JEW OF MALTA. fatal labyrinth hath paced too long of misbelief. Abigail. And I was chained world grief. to solicit thee. Who taught thee this ? Abig. but by murdering me. The abbess of the house. with the friar. : Whose zealous adm. F. Far from the sun that gives eternal F. holy sir. life. That was my father's fault. duck you Welcome. I me be one. salve. Then were my thoughts to follies of the so frail and uncon- finned. life. Ithamore. 277 And could'st not 'venge his son. or piety in Turks.

Though thou Yet never F.e. Come. Jac. my love . Jac. thy master's self: My For trusty servant. Nay. shall we go ? \Exeunt. Art thou again got to the nunnery ? Now here she writes. I my second have now no hope but even in thee. IV.^ • Bar. and wills me to repent. doth dislike of ? something done. is built. Repentance Spurca 1 what pretendeth . Abig.this L fear she knows 'tis so of my device In Don Mathias' and Lodovico's deaths all ! — ? — : If so. how ? Abig. My duty waits on you. readi>ig a letter. you shall pardon me. — But who comes here Enter Ithamore. is still within Barabas's house. Ithamore. . — O Barabas. Abigail become a nun again False and unkind . come near. and unconstrained of me. SCENE Fnter Barabas. hands. THE JEW OF MALTA. What. Thy father's ! [act ill. ! what. O Come near. come near life. 'tis time that it be seen into For she that varies from me in belief Gives great presumption that she loves me not Or loving. but an interval of time ' i. And on that hope my happiness When saw'st thou Abigail ? ^ The scene has elapsed. nay. deservest hardly at my shall these lips bewray thy \_Aside.17» F. Portendeth. life. hast thou lost thy father ? And unknown.

A friar. but my friend : here adopt thee for mine only heir. Why. How. no I servant. from hence Ne'er shall she grieve me more with her disgrace . sir. And And I she 'less hateful to my soul and me hat'st thou yield to this that master I entreat. that thus thou art to do But first go fetch me in the pot of rice That for our supper stands upon the fire. I throw myself headlong into the sea I'll do anything for your sweet sake. ? Why. Be blest of me.'\ I \Exit. ThaPs no lie. \Aside. To-day. Adam ! for his brother's death. my life. credulous. whom ? ! 279 Itha. Bar. Ithamore. I hold my head my master's hungry. cannot think but that thou Itha. I'll : give 'em thee anon : Go buy thee garments but thou shalt not want : Only know this. he hath done the deed. Ne'er shall she live to inherit aught of mine. Itha. for him. O unhappy day ! False. Bar. for she sent me Bar. But perish underneath Like Cain by Itha. And whilst I live use half. my bitter curse. And Why. nor come within my gates. I : am moved. entreat not for her. O is master Bar. Who. I'll run to some rock. made mine Itha. A friar false villain. . go. I. . Here take my keys.SCENE IV. All that O I trusty Ithamore. Itha. ! Abigail a nun. With Itha. sir ? Bar. have is thine when am dead.] THE JEW OF MALTA. inconstant Abigail But let 'em go : and. Bar. spend as myself. Ithamore.

How so ? . infect. Well Itha. master? Bar. rice porridge ? that will preserve make her round and plump. freely live to That thou may'st Itha. Whose operation powder that I bought in Ancona. once. yet not appear it is In forty hours after Itha. Itha. Ithamore. whom I so dearly love. husht ! Re-enter Itha. master. Thus every villain ambles after wealth. master. what. hast thou brought Tlie ladle with thee too sir. Why. the proverb says he that eats with the I had need of a long spoon. Bar. and set it there There's a dark entry where they take it in. And poison deeply. seest thou It is a precious this ? Of an Italian. messenger. Ithamore ? . ta'en. have brought you a secret Bar. Ithamore with the pot. be my heir. Although he ne'er be richer than in hope : But. Here 'tis. Yes. Where they must neither see the. Now shalt thou see the death of Abigail. Thus. said. will you poison her with a mess of life. and batten more than you are aware. Bar. is to bind.28o THE JEW OF MALTA. Ithamore. This even they use in Malta here. Saint Jacques' Even. then now be And for thy sake. Bar. How. — 'tis called —and then I say they use : To send their alms unto the nunneries Among the rest bear this. well. devil ladle. Ay. but. [ACT iii. Very Ithamore. Nor make inquiry who hath sent it them.

Here's a drench to poison a whole stable of I'll Flanders mares ^ : carry 't to the nuns with a powder. Bar. Pray let me taste Bar. Sta)^. Pray do. : In few. What a blessing has he given't so ! was ever pot of shall I porridge sauced ! [AsiWe. I go.] What it do with it? Bar. let Itha. O. In short. Prythee do [Ithamore tastes\ : what say'st thou now ? Itha. My purse. and first. i. juice of ebony.^ the blood of Hydra. and myself is thine. master.all and Cocytus' breath. some ceremony in't. is 281 Bar. And come For I again so soon as thou hast done.SCENE IV. Itha. 'tis better so than spared. have other business Itha. master. go set down. ^ The . Troth. my sweet Ithamore. Ithamore. Well. As fatal be it to her as the draught Of which great Alexander drunk and died : And with her let it work like Borgia's Avine. Itha. Whereof his sire. my coffer. Assure thyself ihou shalt have broth by the eye. Peace. let me help you. Belike there Stay. first let me stir it.] THE JEW OF MALTA. Lerna's bane The juice of hebon. Ithamore. the Pope. I'm loth such a pot of pottage should be spoiled. There. must thou go place this pot me spice it first. master. for thee. Ithamore. And the poisons of the Stygian pool 3 fiery kingdom and in Vomit your venom and invenom her Break from the this That rice like a fiend hath left her father thus..e. was poisoned. formerly regarded as a deadly poison. Bar.

The wind that bloweth all the world besides. away ! Itha. I'll pay thee with a vengeance. SCENE V. — Desire of gold. Fern. Bas. Enter Ferneze. \_Exit. city walls. Lay waste the island. Ithamore. And Nor for the tribute-money I am sent. . [act ill. since thou hast broke the league By flat denial of the promised tribute. Well. 'shalt have no tribute here. Basso. For the performance of your promise passed. Bar. Fern. ^ Fern. . Sicily. . Del Bosco. shall the heathens live upon our spoil First will we raze the city walls ourselves. Martin. Bas. I \^Exit. off hew the temples down. Governor. To you of Malta thus saith Calymath for respite is : The time you took at hand. Pay me my wages. atid Basso. Desire of gold. for my work is done. Welcome. great basso how fares Calymath ? What wind drives you thus into Malta-road ? Bas. And the horse pestilence to boot am gone. Knights. Shall overflow it with their refluence. . Whose billows beating the resistless banks. Bar. shipping our goods to Open an entrance for the wasteful sea. And. Talk not of razing down your * The scene is the interior of the council-house. great sir ? : That's to be gotten in the Western Ind In Malta are no golden minerals.282 THE JEW OF MALTA. in brief.

And physic will not help them they must die.SCENE VI. Enter Abigail. Where is conversed with p. F. turn proud Malta to a wilderness . . F. sa^-e only Abigail ? Abig. what a sad confession F. ye men of Malta. SCENE E7ifer Friar VI. Jacomo and Friar all : Barnardine. What. Fern. : And let's provide to welcome Calymath Close your portcullis. And now. brother. Jac. And naught And naught to be looked for now is but wars. And And And with brass bullets batter down your towers. \_Exeunt. For these intolerable wrongs of yours so farewell. So now courageously encounter them For by this answer. O. 283 You shall not need trouble yourselves so For Selim Calymath shall come himself. is 2 The scene the interior of the convent. Jac. the nuns are sick. is broken is the league. The abbess sent for will me to ! be confessed : O. 54.] THE JEW OF MALTA. for I feel friar that death coming. And the ^ I shall die too. Fern. all dead. look about. me ? Cannon. far. See note. I'll there be And so did fair Maria send for : me : to her lodging hereabouts she lies. to us more welcome than wars. Barn. \_Exit.* F. charge your basilisks. Barn. brother. Farewell \^Exit Basso.' And as you profitably take up arms.

I much ? sorrowing for my sins came F. F. : As I am almost desperate for my sins And one offence torments me more than You knew Mathias and Don Lodowick? F. Barn.284 THE JEW OF MALTA. Yes. Barn. O. F. which is there slain. Barn. Both jealous of my love.e. Barn. therefore keep : it close. Barn. So. Abig. And for his sake did I become a nun. Hated. Death seizeth on my heart ah gentle friar. Convert my father that he may be saved. What then Abig. common use in thi sense. i. in And ^ witness that I die a Christian. The canon law forbids and the priest That makes it known. being degraded first. and then sent to the fire. Chaste. I did offend high Heaven so grievously. Barn. father did contract . My First to . And by my Set father's practice. {^Dies. envied - each other. all. and devout. he gone to see the otlier nuns. Shall be condemned. . for then my it. Abig. pray. say how was their end ? ^ Abig. F. F.i Formerly the word was " Artifice. Know that confession must not be revealed. father dies. O monstrous villainy ! To work my it peace. what of Abig. I sent for him. Abig. Be you That in But ere my this ghostly father : and first know. the gallants were both [^Gives a written paper. So I have heard . down at large. but seeing you are come. is [act hi. them ? : me to 'em both Don Lodowick him I never loved Mathias was the man that I held dear. house I lived religiously. this I confess to thee Reveal not.

F Jac. but a worse thing : 'twas told me in Thou know'st 'tis death an Come. And make him stand in fear of me. . F. shrift. Barn. \_Exeitnt. F. what has he done ? A thing that makes me tremble ? ^ to unfold. has he crucified a child F. O brother. Why. Jac. No. ' if it be revealed. Jac. Ay. Barn.] THE JEW OF MALTA. then go with me And help me to exclaim against the Jew. Barn. let's away. Re-enter Friar Jacomo. First help to bury this.SCENE VI. This was a crime of which the Jews were often accused. What. espeaccording to Tovey (in his Auglia Judaica). to the 285 grieves F. let's bury them. F. F. all the nuns are dead. when the king happened to be in want of money. and a virgin too . cially. Barn. that me most: But I must Jew and exclaim on him.

e. is Bells within. and yet they live Now all are dead. for now the nuns are dead They'll die with grief. if we two be secret ? my part fear you not. But here's a royal monastery hard by Good master. And reason too. Itha. Do scene you not sorrow for your daughter's death I grieve ? Bar. Bar. For every year they swell. ^ i. master. SCENE AR. but think you it will not was afraid the poison it Or. ? How For can it. . That's brave.. ^ no music to^ a Christian's How sweet the bells ring now the nuns are dead. Thou Itha. There knell: I. let me poison all the monks. I'd cut thy throat if I did. shalt not need. Enter Barabas and Ithamore. though wrought. it be known Bar. Bar. No. Equal to. but * because she lived so long. The is a street in Malta. Itha. Itha. not one remains alive. That sound pans I ! at other times like tinker's had not wrought would have done no good.ACT THE FOURTH.

Stay. but. I must needs say that have been a great usurer. what of them F. nose come. Jac. . Fornication — but that was in another country is \ And besides.] THE JEW OF MALTA.SCENE I. sent the poisoned broth. What needs F. True. Ay. I say. Ilha. and we are both undone. F. Remember that that I F. Itha. and Cdzzo^ diabolo. F. that thou hast Bar. Thy daughter ! F. Look. Bar. . Barn. Bar. I have money. here come I smelt two religious caterpillars. Barn. Barn. And do master therefore speak 'em F. Ay. that thou a I • Bar. Bar. Barn. thou hast F. Ilha. Barabas. Jac. Ay. F. would become a Christian ! 287 An Hebrew born. repent. master. thy daughter Bar. Barabas. ! God-a-mercy. and stay. what though art I have ? Thou a art. She has confest. • F. O speak not of her then I die with grief. F. 'em ere they came. all this ? know 1 am a Jew. therefore must be damned. the wench dead. wicked Jew. Barn. Barn. Barn. I will ? not say that by a forged challenge they met. Ay. I fear they know we I. fair. Thou so hast offended. Enter Friar Jacomo and Friar Barnardine. My bosom inmate ! but I must dissemble. F. Jac. Jac. Bar. \Aside. Jac. Remember Mathias and Don Lodowick. Ay. look. let's begone. Barn. remember Bar. Why. F. Thou hast committed Bar.

merchandise unsold But yesterday two ships went from this town. [ACT iv. So I may be baptized. serve to atone for this my sin. London. I and in coin. and therefore am Would penance Itha. Antwerp. Barabas. not too late now to turn Christian ? in the 1 have been zealous Jewish faith. In Florence. . Cellars of wine. but what I lost. have within my : house At Alexandria. Their voyage will be worth ten thousand crown?. to death And so could I but penance will not serve. O no. and live therein. in bullion. good Barabas. A That would for lucre's sake have sold hundred for a hundred I have ta'en my soul. Lubeck. solarium). and where not. Moscow. F. Venice. * Attics. Orient and round. know not how much weight I in pearl.288 THE JEW OF MALTA. Bar. Jac. come to our house And. Great sums of money lying in the banco All this I'll give to some religious house. Seville. And now With I all for store of wealth may I compare is the Jews of Malta . Whole Besides chests of gold. To fast. wealth ? am a Jew. Have I debts owing and in most of these. The parts of England and in legal documents. Hard-hearted to the poor. Warehouses stuft with spices and with drugs. Barn. come to our house. then pray you me. And on my knees creep to Jerusalem. holy the burthen of my sins tell Lie heavy on Is't my soul . and wear a shirt of hair. word is still in use in some . friars. and sollars^ full of wheat. . a covetous wretch. to pray. Frankfort. F. O good Barabas. I could afford to whip myself . you know . lofts (Latin.

F. F. you have all my wealth. brethren . Come You my house at one o'clock this night. Good Barabas. U . and you get you away. I F. I. hear your answer. Then not for me and . dost call me rogue ? is go. come to me. F. Jac. F. Why give does he go to thy house? Barnardine. \Aside to F. and I will be with you. O Jacomo. I'll be with you to to-night. You see I answer him. Friar \_Exit I Ithamore with Barnardine. but come. Bar. Jac. F. \To Friar Barnardine. know they are. I You shall confess me. They wear no shirts. Itha. go I will not go for thee. fail not. know that I 289 I have highly sinned. : Friar Barnardine. let me alone with him. F. go you with Ithamore You know my mind. never heard of any man I but he : Maligned the order of the Jacobins But do you think that believe his words ? Why. Not then I'll make thee How. their laws are strict. and go you home with me. Jac. part 'em. Jac. Why. F. brother. too. Barn. and yet he Rid him away. Barn. Bar. This mere frailty. Part 'em. be content. F. I'll him something and so stop his mouth. Jac. I you converted Abigail in charity to requite it. And And am bound so I will. and they go 'tis barefoot Bar. ! F. Bar. Barn. stays . Bar. Bar. Mar. let him be gone. O Barabas.SCENE Bar. Jac. Jac. \They fight. may be gone.] THE JEW OF MALTA. master. and have all am resolved my goods. shall You shall convert me.

my Til goods.\Exit. any of your covent. Nor go I fear to bed. Jac. But. I know not what the reason Do what I can he will not strip himself. Barabas. F. now the fear is past. To I'll fast and be well whipt ? none of that. and am safe. . who • [act ? iv. No. could he 'scape ? • The Ithamore. and me. shall be your godfathers For presently you But not a word to shall be shrived. That I will leave my house. Ithamore. I warrant thee.^ tell is the friar asleep ? is. Jac. I you words. shall Bar. . Enter Barabas and Ithamore. but sleeps in his own clothes . But are not both these wise men to suppose die . \^Exit. fair Now And Friar Barnardine I come to you. 1 if 'tis an order which the friars use he knew our meanings. Itha. For he that shrived her is within my house What if 1 murdered him ere Jacomo comes lives ? Now I have such a plot for both their As never Jew nor Christian knew the like: One turned my daughter. Yes . Marry. Therefore 'tis not requisite he should live. lodge you. Yet. but so it must and shall SCENE Bar. and all. No more. me he mistrusts what we intend. 11. and : my trusty Turk be done. 1 F. So. therefore he shall The other knows enough to have my life. scene ^ is Convent (as in " Covent Garden"). a room in the house of Barabas.290 THE JEW OF MALTA. Bar. Barabas. : Bar. feast you. the Turk be one of my godfathers. give after that.

{^Stands the its Itha. now. will you have ^ my life ? Bar. ^ It would appear from the following scene that the body was stood up outside of the house. therefore pull amain. . thus ? Bar. Ay. Off with your girdle." the word is most likely a misprint." but from Barabas's retort. will Bar. [Exeunt. Why. Itha. master. Barn. takes off his girdie and ties a noose awake ! \They put the noose round the Friar's neck. What. master wherefore stay we O how I long to see him shake his heels. Pull hard. true.] THE JEW OF MALTA. none can hear him. and our sir. U 2 . Then not Jacomo be long from hence. sweet Ithamore Towards one. Bar. let hand. \They strangle him. Nay. Blame not us but the proverb. Come on. 'cause mean to strangle me ? you use to confess. it. What. Who o' would not think but night is't that this friar lived ? ? What time Itha. Confess and be hanged pull hard . Itha. "You would have had my goods. up. excellent ! he stands as he were begging of bacon. be ruled by me a body upright against the wall and puts a staff in So. make a handsome noose. You loiter.] if him lean upon his staff.SCENE Itha. 'Tis neatly done. I say . therefore 291 No.^ Bar. Barn. F. place him there : The other chambers open towards the street. you would have had my goods. ! F. all. Then it is as should be take him little. sirrah. did I Bar. ' The old edition has "save. II. Yes. [Ithamore in Friar. lives too. do you Itha. here's it no print at . Bar. cry he ne'er so loud.

292 THE JEW OF MALTA. he's slain Itha. F. SCENE III. stop force my way : And see. let us bear him to the magistrates. Why. Barnardine Wilt thou not speak ? thou think'st I see thee not : Away.' F. must be forced to give in evidence. Jac. \Takes the staff arid strikes the body. I'd wish thee. No. let F."^ happy hour wherein I shall convert An infidel. I have done't. the law must have course. Jtha. Good sirs. Why. ! now look out. Stands here a purpose. what hast thou done ? F. Enter Barabas and Ithamore. he's slain how his brains drop out on's nose. how now. ready for the purpose As thou me another time. meaning me some wrong. ! And intercept ! my going to the Jew. its Bar. Ay. Barabas. [act iv. . master. then. is not this Barnardine ? it is . and bring his gold into our treasury But soft. Jac. Jac. but nobody knows it but you two — I may escape. stricken him that would have struck at me. Bar. No. and let me go by I'll wilt thou not ? nay. No. This is the hour wherein I shall proceed. I Bar. alas. And. which falls down. Jacomo. * The scene is outside Barabas's house. Good me go. a staff stands lik'st that. pardon 1 me . " Succeed. Bar. Who is it ? Barnardine . Jac. understanding I should come this way. Enter Friar Jacomo. So might my man and hang with you for company.

master. to keep my word. I could shall touch you. thou meet with Ithamore ? I did. F. touch me not. \Exetint. shall Itha. for that must be shown : Law wills that each particular be known. ? Bi/ia. . for this example I'll bless me ! what.SCENE IV. Be//. . Villains. I did. Fie upon friars turn devils and you turn Christian murder one another ? remain a Jew : Bar. The law 'Las. To-morrow is the sessions you shall to Come. this 293 That being importuned by Barnardine To be a Christian. a Turk could ha' done no more. I shut him out. And there he sat now I. a friar a murderer ? When you see a Jew commit the like ? Why. because you stayed. Enter Bellamira and Pilia-Borsa. Be//. Bar. The scene is a veranda of Bellamira's house. SCENE IV. Bar. And give my goods and substance to your house. I think so. did'st Bi/i'a. Was up thus early. we'll but lead you. let's help to take him hence. 'em. with intent to go : Unto your when holy Heaven friary. Ithamore. it. but yet I cannot for at the read- ing of the letter he looked like a ^ man of another world. And did'st thou deliver my letter? Bi/ia. And what think'st thou ? will he come tell . I am a sacred person . No.' Be//. we weep at your calamity Take in the staff too.] THE JEW OF MALTA. Pilia-Borsa. Jac. will Itha.

the gallows. THE JEW OF MALTA. clean my boots with his lips. ^ Sermon. I never . from such a beautiful dame Pilia. within forty feet of it. and so I left hempen him to the mercy of the hangman but the exercise" being done. Looking on.e. And where didst meet him? Upon mine own freehold. go whither he and. * Mustachios. only gave me a nod. about his neck hempen tippet. that I should come to her house. see where he comes. and a dagger with a hilt like a warming-pan. as if he had had another cure to serve. "Is it even so?" and so I left him. Enter Ithamore. going to the execution. saluting to me a letter from if one Madam me in such sort as he had meant make is . Why so ? [act iv. and he gave Bellamira. knew a man take his death so patiently as this friar he was ready to leap .." and which was usually the first verse of the 51st Psalm.294 Bell. And what said he ? Not a wise word. Bell. Filia. Bell. as who should say. a fellow met me with a muschatoes^ like a raven's wing. That such a base slave as he should be saluted by such a tall man as I am. Well. now I will. •* i. being driven to a non-plus at the critical aspect of my terrible countenance. Hodie iibi. . eras mihi. Jtha. it wonder what the reason ' may be she sees more in me ' than Brave. execution. off ere the halter was and when the hangman had put on his he made such haste to his prayers. ^ The verse which criminals had to read to entitle them to ' benefit of clergy. ' as you. the I effect was. Pilia. I'll be none of his followers in haste : think on't.I take looking of'' a friar's whom : I saluted with an old proverb. conning his neck-verse.

? poor Turk of tenpence be gone. under the earth. bring the sweet youth a letter I J^i'lm. and who would not requite such love Here's her house. what gentry can be \Aside. [Aside. as your myself. Itha. welcome. that she loves me saw me. who. I and here she comes. my master to I make me handsome — Pray pardon me. Nay. find it out ? A derogatory expression often found in writers of this period. is were gone . sir loves me Sweet Bellamira. Bell. above ground. This the gentleman you writ I Itha.] ? Bell. must go and see a ship discharged. — Did not you. I am to. and to look now would her. . Bell. not a sweet-faced youth. go steal some money from [Aside]. as partridges do their eggs. [Aside. not worthy upon Pilia. care know how she loves not how much she I you. did. Whither so soon? I'll Itha. hale me back. would thy sake Bilia. and from this gentlewoman. to leave me thus ? An ye did but I Itha. Bilia. service. Canst thou be so unkind Bilia. 1 And is't not possible to By no means possible. sir. If 'twere it . if you please. or rather foully out of the way.SCENE I IV. ever since she ? 295 can find in myself: for she writes further. it I could and would have but he hides and buries up. ! had my an master's wealth for And you can have it. I and the rest of the family. sir. Again. in a Gentleman Is't he flouts ? ' me I'll . Bell. Now am I clean. Itha.] THE JEW OF MALTA. "sweet youth!" sir. sweet love. Pilia Itha. can withhold no longer /fka. stand or fall at Though woman's modesty should .

Itha. and such as Go to. I'll Pilia. me alone . do you but speak him \Aside to her. Jtha. and return in a twinkle." will confess. Itha. Send for a hundred crowns at least. Jtha. Jew ! gentle Ithamore. Tell Itlia. if they were revealed. . ? Shall Ithamore. send me a hundred crowns." Pilia. But sir Itha. Let me alone .2. tvith the letter. Content but we will leave this paltry land. Barabas. lie in my lap. Bell. Write not so submissively. I'll use him in his kind. What shall [act iv. \writi>ig\ "I charge thee send me three hundred : by not this bearer. go such rags And I bid the jeweller come . Itha. Put in two hundred this shall at least. to lovely Greece. but \ivriting\ " so.96 THE JEW OF MALTA. ! — . Which. And sail from hence to Greece. I'll have no husband." —Vanish. you know some secrets of the Jew. are him. but threatening him. sweet : marry thee. and be your warrant if you do —no more. no more I'll make him send me half he has. him you Otherwise confess all. Ten hundred thousand crowns. Ay. I'll write unto him we'll have money straight. my love. would do him harm. we do with this base villain to then ? \Aside Pilia. J Hasty." Pilia. Let Pilia-Borsa. Where Send my maids? provide a running' banquet to the merchant. Pilia. [ " Master Barabas. Writing.] Jtha. Bell. hither too. and glad he 'scapes so too. fair. [Exit PiLiA-BoRSA Hang Now. [zvritins] " Sirrah. Bell. Pilia. bid him bring me in silks.

' Write for five hundred crowns. and looked upon him thus Itha. thou Where painted carpets o'er the meads are hurled. And I'll Bacchus' vineyards overspread the world forests Where woods and go in goodly green. here's goodly 'parel. he stared and stamped best to send and turned I took him by the beard. ! hast thou the gold ? Itha. .] THE JEW OF MALTA. \Gives the money to Ithamore. by Dis above. Then. which was often written without the "1. A quibble upon "realm" and "kingdom. Give me 't. Thou Instead of sedge and reed. . letter. But ten a ? ^ I'll not leave him worth a grey groat. my golden fleece . . bear sugar-canes in those groves. the orchards. then he hugged and embraced me. Pilia. had been. To conclude. be Shalt live with me and will I my love. The more villain he there not ? to keep me thus ." being commonly pronounced ream. and said what a servant you Itha.SCENE I'll IV. and the primrose-lanes. ream of paper we'll have a kingdom of gold fox Pilia. Bell Whither not go with gentle Ithamore ? Re-enter Pilia-Borsa. be Adonis. Rather for fear than love. like a Jew. he laughed and jeered. 297 be thy Jason. But came ? it freely ? did the cow give down her milk freely Filia. and faith- told ful me he loved me for your sake. How now Yes. is Pilia. thou shalt be Love's Queen. . told him he were it . At reading of the aside. he gave me ten crowns. : The meads." realm. Pilia. Itha. Itha.

Bell. I*tVta. ! — Plain Barabas O. Itha. but thyself of gold. weigh Thus Bellamira esteems But thus of Itha. reading a me me three hundred crowns. [Exeunt. jPiVi'a. let's in and sleep together. ! That kiss again she runs division of my lips. . their meeting probably takes place in the street. there goes : But. - A musical Dyce .] [act iv. Jew. and give the bearer one Tell him I must have 't I warrant your worship I shall have 't.298 Itha. It/ia. it Or else I will confess " ay. Take thou the money spend . What an eye Bell. [writing. she casts on me ! It twinkles like a star. first banquet. \Kisses him. that wicked courtesan to call : He " was not wont if I Barabas. term. letterr Enter Barabas. tell him I scorn to write a line under a hundred crowns. send ! V. sir. coupe de gorge for that. * Tattered. O. and then ! sleep. " Barabas. my dear love. [£xit my sake. suggests that the scene is a room in Barabas's house. Itha. ^ He 1 sent a shaggy tottered staring slave. Come. [Thrmus ^ it aside. as you love your life hundred crowns. thee. send me hundred. — five " "Sirrah. I it am for I gone. that we might sleep seven years together afore we wake Bell. THE JEW OF MALTA. get him. And if he ask why demand so much. You'd make a rich poet. but as Barabas presently enquires of Pilia-Borsa when he shall see him at his house. that ten thousand nights were put in one. Come. 'Tis not thy money. SCENE Bar. amorous wag.

there's his letter. sir . I'll rather O good words. — and you be most [^Aside. Jew. Why. . Knavery (from cazzo). me. . Who. my hope is. Pilia. ^ Reckoning.SCENE v.] THE JEW OF MALTA. grunts Hke a hog. Pilia. Shall I have these crowns Bar. No No. I must have more gold. some fingers cut quite off. I must have five hun- dred more. ^ Swindling. O. and looks Like one that is employed in catzerie ^ And As is crossbiting. Bar. fetch it . God-a-mercy. I cannot do it. Pilia. his grisly beard. but three hundred his turn. or else I Bar. that he were but here the : ! ! Enter Pilia-Borsa. sir ? will not serve his turn. Might he not as well come as send pray bid him come and straight. when he speaks. Bar. and send it you were best \Gives ? letter. therefore. Bar. Ay. I can pick ope your locks. and the rest too. what he writes for you.- —such a rogue : husband to a hundred whores And I by him must send three hundred crowns Well. Bar. . shall Please you dine with heartily poisoned. and. sir. sir . Whose face has been a grindstone for men's swords His hands are hacked. it 299 That when he speaks draws out And winds twice or thrice about his ear . I have lost my keys. {Aside. want'st thou any of thy tale ? * Pilia.see. Pilia. if that be all. must make this villain away. ? No. he will not stay there still And when he comes O. ye shall have Pilia. Not serve Pilia.

to thine own cost. Commend me Speak. Bar. I should part with so much gold ! [Aside. Pray. villain. Pilia. love stops my Never man servant loved Pilia. O. Pilia. most humbly. that here they are. 'Tis not five hundred crowns that : esteem. Or climb up to my counting-house window you know my meaning. Fare you well. to I hang thee. and then five hundred crowns Well. take 'em. I must seek a means to rid 'em all. sir. but no crowns : the crowns Bar. Jew. . it is in my : ! power Bar.300 THE JEW OF MALTA. sir. have 'em. I am not moved at that That he. Bar. with as good a will As I would see thee hanged breath as I [Aside'] . I know enough. Nay. when. for in his villainy He will tell all he knows. O. ! know it. [act iv. and unto whom sir. — ! And presently . to him. sir ? And unto your good mistress. Was ever Jew tormented as I am ? if thou com'st To have a shag-rag knave to come. Here's ! many words. The gold or know. [Aside. who knows I love him as myself. Should I leave all but unto Ithamore ? Pi/ia. and therefore talk not to me of your counting-house. [Exit. force from me Three hundred crowns. Bar. this angers me. I do Ithamore you sir. Bar. shall I see at my house ? Soon enough. as unknown. Why. I am betrayed. You know I have no child. I Filia. Should write in this imperious vein. \_GiTes money. sir. and I shall die for't. shall Sir. fellow. to your cost. Here.

I'll pledge thee. ' Here's to thee Bell. love. What would'st thou do he should send thee none ? Itha. Nay. You knew Mathias and O. the governor's son . Bell. had not thought he had been so brave a man.SCENE I VI. Itha. he's a murderer. And how the villain revels with my gold. Rivo Castiliano ^ a man's a man Itha. to the Jew.' Bell. if thou lov'st me do not leave a drop. I'll have all or none. and do you [ hear ? Bell. and Pilia-Borsa. and therefore drink it off.] THE JEW OF MALTA. Pilia. Itha. Knavely spoke. it that condition 1 will drink up. origin. best. Hey. - On.e. Itha. ! . Go Of ^ to. Bell. is he and I killed 'em both. Now lia ! to the Jew. Say'st thou me be so ? have at it . but I know what I know . bravely done. disguise 301 have it I will in some go see the slave. There. SCENE VI. \^Exit. ' The i. Itha. and like a knight-at-arms. and yet never touched 'em. Love thee fill me three glasses. Whispers. Itha. and send me money he were if Pilia. it shall so. Uo I nothing . scene a verandah or open porch of Bellamira's house. . ^ A familiar BacchanaHan exhortation of doubtful . I'll pledge thee. Enter Bellamira^ Ithamore. Pilia.' ! Bell. Three and fifty dozen. Itha.

And fit it should but first let's ha' to Bellamira. and 'twas never known. hollyhock. Bell. hard and fast. Must tuna first. sweetheart Pilia. my lute sound. Sirrah. viadame. with a and a nosegay iji his hat. all. \Aside to Bell. We two . for let's hear your skill. A voire conunandement. Bell. it. Come. lute. \Aside. Bar. love ^ my lap. Bar. you must give my mistress your posy. How sweet. A French musician ! come. Frenchman? ! here's to thee with a Pox on this drunken hiccup Bar. I. disguised as a French musician. more gold. Wilt drink. This shall with me : unto the governor. lie in Love me little. monsieur. Foh methinks they stink like a Bar. gentle Ithamore. liha. Gramercy. Itha. snickle hand too alone ? fast/ strangled a friar. and he and Bell. my Ithamore.302 THE JEW OF MALTA. and to snares Cunningham proposed to read " Snickle set for hares and rabbits. the flowers smell . " Snickle " is a noose or slipknot. and the 1 A corrupt passage. . Pilia-Borsa. sweet. Pilia. Enter Barabas. \Aside Pilia-Borsa. Pilia. let music rumble Whilst I in thy incony lap do tumble. So. me long ." 2 Dainty. twang. nor never shall be for me. Prythee. bid the fiddler give me the posy in his hat there. [ACT IV. Bell. Itha. ! no violet like 'em. You two Itha. twang. I carried the broth that poisoned the nuns . Like thy breath. now I am revenged upon 'em The scent thereof was death I poisoned . Itha. word is commonly applied to the hangman's halter.

Bar. Itha. A musty slave he is . hast been in Malta long three. so now. 'Twas sent me for a present from the great \_Aside. Musician.SCENE VI. Bar. be no all in tune yet . Itha. Bar. slave's this ? the He never put on clean shirt since he was cir- cumcised. He knows it already. Bell. and fill me . O rascal ! I change myself twice a day. gives me mine own then plays. Two. Pilia.] THE JEW OF MALTA. stole Bar. tell him so. my gold. now be in. me be no fiddler ? Bar. How swift he runs ! Bar. . 'Tis a strange thing of that Jew. So did you when you Pilia. ' well. Pilia. Barabas Pilia. under the elder when he hanged Cham. madame. fiddler. Pardonnez nwi. four \Aside. peasant . one Barabas ? . Bar. Methinks he fingers very well. Bar. Judas is said to have hanged himself on an elder-tree. Itha. Pardonnez moi. \Aside. There's two crowns for thee play. Very mush Pilia. You run swifter when you threw my gold out ? of my window. ^ The hat he wears. left \^Aside. Itha. gold ! How liberally the villain [^Aside. Give him a crown. out more wine. Play. you no be his His man ? I scorn the man ? Itha. — Whither now. Judas himself. governor feeds not as \Aside. What a do. Dost not know a Jew. he lives upon I pickled grasshoppers and sauced mushrooms. month. I'll 303 Itha. Itha. cut your cat's guts into chit- Bar. \Aside. Bar. monsieur. Bar. or terlings. monsieur.

by the same token. sweet love. and write it Itha.304 Filia. a Come let's in : To undo Jew is charity. me alone to urge now I know the mean- Itha. Bell. rice. Filia. \_Exeun/. letter Farewell. I'll send by word of mouth now — Bid him deliver thee a thousand crowns. ing. and not sin. . one more. JEW OF I MALTA. [act'iv. that the nuns loved clothes . Prythee. it. fiddler \_Exit Barabas] one more sharp. No. that Friar Barnardine slept in his own any of 'em Let will do it. THE to the Jew. The meaning has a meaning.

O. Whate'er am. Fern. Knights. and Officers. Poisoned his own daughter and the nuns. Who. was the Jew. SCENE I. hear me : speak I bring thee news by it whom it thy son was slain Mathias did Pilia. not . Had we ' but proof of is this The scene inside the council-house. Bell. Strangled a friar and I know not what Mischief besides. And die he shall. governor. Mar. or die before the walls. behoves you to be resolute For Calymath. betake you to your arms. for we will never yield. \st Knight. And And gentlemen. see that Malta be well fortified it .! ERN. besides the slaughter of these gentlemen. Will win the town. having hovered here so long. Enter Ferneze. Enter Bellamtra mid Pilia-Borsa. Now.ACT THE FIFTH. Bell. Away with h^r I ! she is a courtesan. yet. Eern. bring us to the governor. . Martin del Bosco.

Strong proof. my lord. confess. . Bar. ! go alone . : Nor me neither. damned slave was I Fern. Bar. ? Itha. For what. Once more. 'twas you that slew my son. Devils.3o6 Bell. do your worst I'll live in spire . heat irons. away with him you ! shall have law. I always feared that Jew. Go fetch him \Exeiint Officers]. One dram of powder more had made sure . lodging. Your son and Mathias he forged a counter- were both contracted unto Abigail feit challenge. his man's now my That was Fern. lords thy who should Fern. Confess confess ? ! what mean you. let the rack be fetched. a \st {Aside. constable O my What belly all Bar. Knight. Guilty. THE JEW OF MALTA. dogs do not hale me thus. Away with him ! his sight is death to me. stay. you men of Malta thief. my lord 't may be he ? will Bar. Itha. For none of Fern. I confess. he'll confess straight it all. my lord . poisoned the nuns and his Fern. I'll Officers with Barabas and Ithamore. and he a Let this And he my bondman. Thou and Turk . I carried I confess . but who writ it ? Marry. speak : Bar. Make fires. Enter Bar. his agent . ? hear me She is a courtesan. Who carried that challenge it. [act at v. I cannot outrun you. my life. Itha. own daughter. even he that strangled Barnardine. . . Nay. \Aside. can prejudice me have law. of you.

then think not of 'em. it was he made them fight is Kath. them be buried For the Jew's body. Re-enter Officers carrying Barabas as Heavens dead. So now away. My lord. To be a prey for vultures and wild beasts. In prison the law has passed on him Re-enter First Officer. Be patient. let lives. sir. . This sudden death of his is very strange. Dead. Bellamira and Pilia-Borsa. [Exeunt all leavt7ig Barabas on the floor. Fern. . the are just Their deaths were like their Since they are dead. Fern. the courtesan and her man are dead So is the Turk and Barabas the Jew. gentle He forged the daring challenge is madam.] THE JEW OF MALTA. and fortify the town. Dead ! 1st Off. Where the till Jew ? where that murderer ? Fern. ^Asidc. 'twas thy son that murdered him. [Exeunt Officers 7mth Barabas and Ithamore. ist Off. and here they bring his body Bosco. my lord.SCENE I. so be I to their souls hope the poisoned flowers will work anon. Kath. Fern. Wonder not at it. Was my Mathia's murdered by the Jew ? Ferneze. Enter Katherine. it 307 ! As these have spoke. throw that o'er the walls.

. my good : one that can spy a place Where you may enter. but 'scaped Caly. threw is me o'er the walls : so. For by I'll my means Calymath help to slay their children and their wives. Whom have we here. Yes. sleepy drink. Bar. Caly. I drank of poppy and cold mandrake juice being asleep. whipt to death. I'll all alone this ? well fare. SCENE Bar ABAS II. and surprise the town My name is Barabas I am a Jew. their hands. Enter Calymath. a spy ? lord. over which in accordance with Ferneze's orders. Art thou that Jew whose goods we heard were sold For tribute-money ? Bar. Bassoes. Take my goods too. And. The Jew ^ here.3o8 THE JEW OF MALTA. or how else. What. my lord : And since that time they have hired a slave. and seize upon my I hope to see the governor a slave. To I accuse me of a thousand villanies : was imprisoned. Barabas has The scene been thrown is outside the city walls. No. no . lands. and Turks. Did'st break prison ? Bar. and rests at your command. belike they thought And And me dead. be revenged on accursed town shall enter in. discovered rising} Bar. rowing in a galley. The very same. pull their houses down. Caly. fire To the churches. my man. [act v.

] THE JEW OF MALTA. and Barabas.^ The rock is hollow. And if it be not true. villains. S^Exeiint. III. What should I say ? We are captives and must yield. ours ? Canst thou. Barabas. Fear not. done : 309 Caly. with Ferneze and Knights prisoners? Caly. make Malta Bar. as thou report'st." an open place in the city. whilst you give assault unto the walls. ^ Lower. SCENE Alarums within. let Bar. I'll channels of the city. i' And rise with them the middle of the town. Open the gates for you to enter in And by this means the city is your own. for here agamst the sluice." 2 The scene is Dyce printed "trench. lead five hundred soldiers through the vault. If this be true. and under Turkish yokes Shall groaning bear the burden of our ire * Old edition — " truce. Caly.SCENE III. Turks. I'll make thee governor. : And kneel for mercy to your conquering foe Now Where's the hope you had of haughty Spain ? it Ferneze. and of purpose digged. Caly. had not been much better ? T'have kept thy promise than be thus surprised Fern. Ay. it Caly. Bassoes. you must yield. To make a passage for the running streams And common Now. Efiter Calymath. then me die. my lord. Now vail ^ your pride. Thou'st doomed thyself Assault presently. you captive Christians. 'Twas bravely but tell me. . speak.

this must be looked into And since by wrong thou got'st authority. as erst we promised thee. in hating me. now am governor true. No I simple place. with Ferneze and Knights. brave Jew . be at their Whenas thy life shall command ? . Maintain 1 it bravely by firm policy." Thus hast thou gotten. — But Malta hates me. i. [Exeunt Turks. scene is here supposed to shift to the governor's residence inside the citadel. Heaven will be revenged on thee. of Malta . Thanks. to fall into the hands ! Of such a traitor and unhallowed Jew What greater misery could Heaven inflict ? Caly. No. Bar.e. with the governor and these Captains. and see the wreck we made : : : Farewell. And now. and what boots it thee. to be the governor. Barabas. Away no more let him not trouble me. Bar. no small authority. as entrance to our safety. we'll walk about The ruined town. 'Tis our command and. Poor Barabas. Barabas. great Barabas Bar.310 THE JEW OF MALTA. Barabas. his consorts and confederates. ! ! And now. And. For thy desert we make thee governor Use them at thy discretion. by thy policy. [act v. O villain ! ! . My life's in danger. as we have used thee. - The . O fatal day. Treat. come. and. May all good fortune follow Calymath [Exeunt Calymath and Bassoes. To prison Fern. farewell. brave bassoes. my lord. Fern. we give To guard thy person these our Janizaries Entreat them well.

as once you said. which can avail me aught live. occasion's bald behind Slip not thine opportunity. Governor. Within here Enter Ferneze. And neither gets him friends. wait within. . At his discretion tell may dispose of both . . and plainly too. nor fills his bags. good words 'Tis not thy life . 'tis in this isle. Lives like the ass. "lord . think you not 'Twere slender policy for Barabas To dispossess himself of such a place ? Yet you do For sith. nor will I flatter thee. be not so furious. think'st it and thee ? Fern. 311 At least unprofitably lose it not For he that liveth in authority. the reason that I sent for thee life Thou Are at seest thy my arbitrement and Malta's happiness and Barabas ." thus slaves Now. of. but canst not compass it. Fern. Now What I see me. with a Guard. thou shall become of .SCENE III. as for Malta's ruin. Nor hope of thee but extreme cruelty Nor fear I death. for fear too late Thou seek'st for ! much. Ay. \Exeunt Guard. Bar. governor.4£sop speaketh That labours with a load of bread and wine. Bar. . Barabas since things are in thy power. and live for me you shall And. no reason but of Malta's wreck. My lord ? will learn. governor This is — stand by there. that . Begin betimes. .] THE JEW OF MALTA. And leaves it off to snap on thistle-tops : But Barabas will be more circumspect. This.

Deal truly with us as thou intimatest. And in this city still have had And now at length am grown Yourselves shall see For. Bar. . shall not be forgot rear up Malta. and be free live enlarge thee city. send not letters to 'em. Do but bring this to pass which thou pretendest. . And I will warrant Malta free for ever. Will Barabas recover Malta's loss Will Barabas be good to Christians Bar. Ferneze. go thyself. What wilt thou give me. now remediless. your governor. do thou this. and thou governor with me. that have got my goods. as a friend not I'll it success. And by my letters privately procure Great sums of money for thy live recompense : Nay more. . And I will send amongst the citizens. And Here let is me see what money thou canst make my hand that I'll set Malta free : And thus we I will invite cast it to a solemn feast young Selim Calymath. to procure A dissolution of the slavish bands ? Wherein the Turk hath yoked your land and you What will you give me if I render you The life of Calymath. governor. I [act v. In Malta here. : Where be thou present only to perform One stratagem that I'll impart to thee. known but in distress. do Governor. Nay.312 THE JEW OF MALTA. Wherein no danger shall betide thy life. Go walk about the see thy friends Tush. surprise his men all And His in an outhouse of the till city shut soldiers. ? ? Fern. I this. will I have consumed 'em with fire ? you give him that procureth this ? What Fern. still.

And thus far roundly goes the business : Thus loving neither. my secret purpose drives. about this coin. reason too. presently For Calymath. SCENE IV. and they \Exit. and do as thou desirest. Thus have we viewed the city.^ Caly. Will take his leave and sail towards Ottoman. to thee in the evening. the life And Well. Enter Calymath and Bassoes. I will Here there. Barabas. for Christians do the like. be is my hand believe me. When the time ? Bar. Do so. Ferneze ! — \Exit Ferneze. now farewell. Fern. And bring with me Bar. And This he from whom my we Jews most advantage comes are used to lead Shall be is my friend . 1 The scene is outside the city walls. will I live with Making a profit of my policy both. . now about then to at effecting this device . Barabas. but fail not . shall witness with their lives. First to surprise great Selim's soldiers. when he hath viewed the town. Then it will I. Governor. And That make provision for the feast. all one instant event things may be done : My I policy detests prevention To what know . .SCENE IV. is 313 Fern. And caused the ruins to be new-repaired.] THE JEW OF MALI A. seen the sack.

Enter a Messenger. and withal so it valued but indifferently. From Barabas. backed by Sicily. Strong-countermined with other petty isles .314 THE JEW OF : MALTA. And. to feast my train Within a town of war so lately pillaged. Which with our bombards" shot and We rent in sunder at our entry I And now And how see the situation. basilisks [act v. for that. be in his store a pearl so big.) Two I lofty turrets that it command the town wonder how could be conquered thus. He humbly would entreat your majesty To come and see his homely citadel. orient. ' Cannons. Selim. (Where Syracusian Dionysius reigned. I bring A message unto mighty Calymath his sovereign Hearing was bound for sea. . Caly. That he hath As. For well has Barabas deserved of us. So precious. thus saith the governor. messenger. Mess. To banquet with him in his citadel ? I fear me. : Will be too costly and too troublesome Yet would I gladly visit Barabas. Malta's governor. The price thereof will serve to entertain all his Selim and soldiers for a month . Therefore he humbly would entreat your highness Not to depart till he has feasted you. to great Ottoman. And banquet with him ere thou leav'st the isle. Mess. toward Calabria. To sail to Turkey. secure this conquered island stands Environed with the Mediterranean Sea.

let Mess. Which standeth his tables in the streets. - The The scene stick is a street in Malta. Have Till special care that shall no man sally forth you hear a culverin discharged . For happily I shall Or you \st released of this servitude. By him that bears the linstock. We'll in this summer evening feast with him.^ Fern. tell Caly. I shall. my lord. town : There will he banquet them but thee at home. be ruled by me.SCENE v. ^ which held the match used by gunners. Except he place Mess.. \_Exeunt. Knights. live as Knight. that there is a monastery as an outhouse to the . On Knights. cannot feast 315 Coly. bold bassoes.] THE JEW OF MALTA. Well. ? Fern. And now. And meditate how we may grace us best To solemnize our governor's great feast. the governor we grant his suit. Enter Ferneze. us to our tents. begone. grave governor ! \Exeunt on one side Knights and Martin del Bosco ^ . I my men in Malta-walls. In this. Caly. With all thy bassoes and brave followers. Know.kindled thus Then issue out and come be in to rescue distress. Selim. SCENE my V. Rather than thus to will Turkish thralls. . Slaves. and Martin del Bosco. \_Exit. me. Farewell. countrymen. on the other Ferneze.^ What we not adventure then.

SCENE and VI. and march through Malta streets. above. come ? and has commanded all his men To come ashore. Then now are all things as my wish would have Mess.316 THE JEW OF MALTA. Leave nothing loose. what. And. Enter Messenger. will he will . The scene is . Bar. my lord. drink your fill and die : For so I live. 'em. carpenters. Enter. governor. Barabas. all levelled to my mind. with a gallery at the end. [act V. divide that gold amongst you [ Gives money. them. taste of all my wines. \st Carp. if you like \Exeunt Carpenters. Enter Ferneze. very busy Carpenters. Bar. a hall in the citadel. Why now I see that you have art indeed. and I me word am satisfied. : There. with a hammer. All fast. he brings it. sirrah. We shall. That thou mayest feast them in thy citadel. Now. How fast? stand the cords How ? hang these hinges ? Are all the cranes and pulleys sure ist Carp. Now. Bar.^ ? . And see. perish may all the world ! Now Selim Calymath return wilt That thou come. Bar. Go swill in bowls of sack and muscadine Down to the cellar. and thank ! you. 1 the sum. He There wanteth nothing but the governor's pelf.

Bar. And with his bassoes shall be blithely set. Here. governor. O excellent ! here. Bombards. Barabas. keep ? well. and when thou seest he comes. I'll satisfy if I myself with that . No. Entered the monastery. so that it doth sink Into a deep pit past recovery. I trust thy word. hold thee. governor. it still. his consorts. for his army . For keep not promise. a hundred thousand pounds. this cable fall being cut. say'st thou. worldlings. trust not me. satisfy thee Thou Stand shalt not live in doubt of anything. now partake my policy First. 317 Fern. be brave ? Fern. will not . and underneath In several places are field-pieces pitched. for here they is come [Ferneze retires]. cut the cord this To give thee knowledge wheo to And fire the house say. Whence none can Now The as for Calymath and I Here have made a dainty gallery. Witli free consent.SCENE VI. And batter all the stones about their ears. floor whereof. close. Doth asunder . take what I'll I promised thee. they are sent before. Bar. And. Why. hold that knife \_Throzvs down a knife]. whole barrels full of gunpowder That on the sudden shall dissever it. first. underneath the sun If greater falsehood ever has been done ? . not this A kingly kind of trade to purchase towns By treachery and tell sell 'em by deceit ? Now me. possibly escape alive. A warning-piece shall be shot off from the tower. Pounds governor nay.] THE JEW OF MALTA. since it is no more.

fly ! Fern. help Fern. Knight [within. Sehm help me. You will not help me. Should pity of thy plaints or thee. my companion is bassoes . Caly.3i8 THE JEW OF MALTA. Selim. and fly then ! if thou canst. Barabas ! ! • Bar. I pray. ! Fern. do not See his end first. help Caly. Ay. No. \coming forward\ Stay. Save thee. great Calymath How 't the slave jeers at him. Christians so pitiless ? Governor. Will please thee. Caly. mighty Selim Calymath. Calymath show thee greater courtesy Than Barabas would have afiforded thee. \Aside. base Jew. see. Caly. But wish thou hadst behaved thee otherwise. See. this was devised for thee ! ! treason ! bassoes. ascend. O help me. Barabas Come. How To busy Barabas there above entertain us in his gallery Let us salute him. Accursed Barabas. Bar. Treason me ! Christians. Welcome. Help. Enter Martin del Bosco and Knights. relent ? No. Come. Calymath. Enter Calymath and Bassoes. For bassoes. fly . why stand you I in all Fern. stairs ? To ascend our homely . thus I'll see thy treachery repaid. I Bar. [act v. Bar. and Bahamas falls into a caldron. How now ! what means this ? ! Bar. then? . Sound a charge there I will '\ ! \_A charge sounded within. Ferneze cuts the cord : the floor of the gallery gives 7oay. Fern.

Caly. No. 319 Fern. Intended. forth thy latest hate. framed the challenge that did make them meet I Know. But I have rather chose to save thy life. curse thy fill. Why heard'st thou ? not the trumpet sound a charge Caly. all's one. know you cannot help Then. Calymath. we should thee go. Selim. We will let thee part so suddenly let Besides.SCENE VI. Was this the banquet he prepared for since for us ? Let's hence. note the unhallowed deeds of Jews: Thus he determined to have handled thee. Without fresh men to rig and furnish them. For with thy galleys could'st thou not get hence.e. Barabas.' Nay. Tell me. Yes. 'twas I that slew thy son . villain. My men And do Fern. there attend my coming by this. governor. you Christians. Bar. would have brought confusion on you Christian dogs ! Damned To pinch life ! and Turkish infidels But now begins the extremity of heat me fly. lest further mischief Ferji. me now. This train he laid to have entrapped thy life Now. take thou no care for that. I strive . ! And had I I but escaped this stratagem. and die ! \_Dies. no. aimed thy overthrow. Tush. are all aboard. breathe. And. Caly. And in the fury of thy torments To end thy life with resolution.] THE JEW OF MALTA. . Selim. all. villains. with intolerable pangs soul ! : Die. stay not if . Caly. what of that ? * i. governor. tongue. what doth this por- tend ? Fern. be pretended. we have : thee here. Know.

Christians. : By treason hath delivered thee to us Know.. and thy soldiers massacred. \Exeunt. or endanger us. . Caly. . Fern. Thou canst not part for Malta shall be freed. but to Heaven. And live in Malta prisoner for come all To rescue thee. here thou must stay. to Turkey. Calymath. So march away. let me go . Fer7i. Blown up.320 Fern. rather. till thy father hath made good The ruins done to Malta and to us. Or Selim ne'er return to Ottoman. In person there to meditate your peace To keep me here will not advantage you. fired. O monstrous treason A Jew's courtesy : For he that did by treason work our fall. . THE JEW OF MALTA. Content thee. and let due praise be given Neither to Fate nor Fortune. the world As sooner shall they drink the ocean dry Than conquer Malta. Why then the house was all [act v. Nay. ! Caly. therefore. so will we guard us now.

ET)WA\V THE SECO^U Mar .

.

and 1876 in the library text is The modern subsequent founded of 1598. the editions They differ very slightly. in dated 1594. on 1612. and are fairly free from corruptions. y 2 . Chronicle.HE tragedy of Edward it II. Marlowe used the narratives of Stowe and Holinshed. in the Stationers' earliest edition of Books is in The was discovered at Cassel. was entered 1593. and was also slightly indebted to Fabyan's and 1622.

the Third. Trussel. ^W^ King Edward the Second. the younger. Archbishop of Canterbury. Baldock. and Attendants. Queen Isabella. James. his Nephew. King Edward the Second Warwick. Soldiers. Bishop of Coventry. Niece to King Edward the Second. Prince Edward. Bishop of Winchester. Messengers. the elder. Sir John of Hainault. Spenser. Mortimer. Leicester. LiGHTBORN. daughter of the Duke Ladies. Brother Gaveston. his Son. Leyune. Beaumont. Berkeley. Pembroke. GURNEY. Wife of King Edward the Second. . the elder. of Gloucester. Rice ap Howel. Abbot. Arundel. Matrevis. Spenser. Lords. Lancaster. Poor Men. his Son. Herald. Mortimer. Champion. Mower.DRAMATIS PERSONAL. the younger. Monks. afterwards King of Edward Earl of Kent.

eander. And. in thine arms. Enter Gaveston. these thy amorous lines Might have enforced me to have swum from France. like I.o\J^^^A^Q. and take me . ! .ondon to my exiled eyes Elysium that I to a new-come soul Not love the city.^^^r?^^S^^^ Jfefe ^^^ >M#:i< ^S^smiK^l^ mm '^^ EVWA\V THE SECO^n ACT THE SCENE My FIRST. letter. or the men. So thou would'st smile. * The scene is a street in London . reading a x\V. I." Ah ! words that make me surfeit with delight What greater bUss can hap to Gaveston Than Uve and be the favourite of a king Sweet prince. with Gaveston. And share the kingdom thy dearest friend. I come these. gasped upon the sand. ' " father is deceased ! Come. The Is as sight of I.

I can ride. Man. 2nd P. A traveller. that hath served against the Scot. That would'st reward them with an Gav. Gav. what are these? Enter three Poor Men. in embers of first their poverty . have no war. Why. and perish by a hospital. harbours him I hold so dear upon whose bosom let me lie. Men. ay. sir. . at dinner- time And as I like your discoursing. and flieth away. I'll fawn on the wind That glanceth at my lips. And what art thou ? T^rd I'll have you. Such \st P. hand. I [act i But that The king. dart her plumes. What art thou ? Gav. P. Gav. and therefore. Let To wait at me see — thou would'st do well my trencher and tell me lies . that are but sparks. What need the arctic people love starlight. begone. thinking to pierce And my breast. still And with the world be at enmity. Ay. What canst thou do Man. But I have no horse. Man. multitude. But how now. ? To whom the sun shines both by day and night ! Farewell base stooping to the lordly peers My knee shall bow to none but to the king. as desire your worship's service. As for the Raked up Tanti . ? Gav. Farewell.326 EDWARD THE it SECOND. there are hospitals for such as you I . A soldier. soldier's yd P. these words of his move me as much As if a goose would play the porcupine. Man.

that with touching of a string May draw Therefore way I please. . Like sylvan nymphs my pages shall be clad My men. by. to die And running in the likeness of an hart By yelping hounds pulled down. With hair that gilds the water as it glides. And in his sportful hands an olive-tree. and the nobles From the parliament. Gav. ' I'll stand aside. have some business.SCEi^E I. no pain to speak men fair and make them Uve in hope. I [Aside. [Retires. comedies.] EDWARD THE SECOND. Shall bathe him in a spring and there hard One Shall like Actseon peeping through the grove. A//. Music and poetry I'll his delight have Italian masks by night. Here comes my lord the king. [Exeunt. You know that And yet I have If I came lately out of France. We here about the court. and pleasing shows And in the day. pleasant the pliant king which is wits. Musicians. Leave will wait . delight to see. To hide those parts which men . Such things as these best please his majesty. shall seem . speed well. Gav. We I thank your worship. not viewed I'll my lord the king all. Or heydeguy. me : to myself. like satyrs grazing on the lawns. a rural dance. entertain you AU. by the angry goddess be transformed. I Do these are not men for me must have wanton poets. 3^7 But yet I'll it is flatter these. Crownets of pearl about his naked arms. Shall with their goat-feet dance the antic hay. Sweet speeches.' Sometime a lovely boy in Dian's shape. when he shall walk abroad.

shall know I am displeased. Lan. My lord. Warwick. That he should ne'er return into the realm And know. Enter King Edward. My lord. I Gav. \Aside. Mor. That villain Mortimer ! I'll be his death. \^Aside. Well. Pembroke. for that base and obscure Gaveston Four earldoms have besides Lancaster Derby. Beseems it thee to contradict thy king ? Frown'st thou thereat. ! That But naturally would love and honour you ? I. I'll make thee rue these words. aspiring Lancaster? The sword shall plane the furrows of thy brows. And underneath thy banners march who will will.328 EDWARD THE SECOND. Gav. Young Mortimer. Mor. ' Gav. I will have Gaveston. If you love us. Leicester. and Attendants. my lord. hate Gaveston. Mortimer. and I myself. K. This sword of mine. Lancaster Lan. Y. that should offend your Shall sleep within the scabbard at thy need. why do you thus incense your peers. Lincoln. Ned \Aside. f/ie Elder Mortimer. Mort Dieu \_Aside. this earl. ere I will break my oath. me thus. my will and these two Mortimers. Were sworn to your father at his death. foes. Will you not grant I'll me this ? In spite of them have That cross E. Edw. Mine uncle here. K. Edw. That Earl of Lancaster do abhor. And hew these knees that now are grown so stiff. K. Kent. and you shall know What danger 'tis to stand against your king. . \Aside. For Mortimer hang 1 his armour up. . Well done. Edw. [act i. Salisbury. Lancaster. my lord. Gav.

Lord Percy of the north. Kent} Barons and earls. Or look to see the throne. and therefore I would wish you War. henceforth parley with our naked swords. Adieu. Mor. I hope. — . had not his highness loved . ^ Cunningham and BuUen have inaccurately given King Edward. : And Moubery and Brother. And northward Gaveston hath many friends. in my father's days. our hands I hope shall fence our heads. 329 These will I sell. being highly moved. him well. Y. yours grant . uncle.J EDWARD THE SECOND. Kent. O. let us leave the brain-sick king. your pride hath made me mute But now I'll speak. I must speak. Ediv. All Warwickshire Lan. my lord and either change your mind. To wanton head. Ere Gaveston shall stay within the realm . Therefore. I cannot. ! War. to give my soldiers pay. his face. us. where you should sit. this . for trespass of their tongues. and let these their heads Preach upon poles. float in blood . and to the proof. Gavespeech to ston and Attendants. nor I will not. Braved Moubery in presence of the king For which. Wiltshire hath men enough to save our heads. Mor. revenge he were reconciled Yet dare you brave the king unto it. . will love him for my sake.SCENE I. gentle Mortimer. He should have lost his head spirit but with his look The undaunted of Percy was appeased. The glozing head of thy base minion thrown. Ay. Bridle thy anger. War. our heads K. I do remember. Cousin. E. if he be come. expel him straight. and at thy \Exeiint all except King Edward. And And strike off his that makes you threaten Come.

Comes forward. Than bear the ship that shall transport thee hence. display ^ my ensigns in the field bandy with the barons and the I earls. [act I. know'st thou not ! who I am ? another Gaveston Not Hylas was more mourned of Hercules. Gaveston ! welcome thee. no soul Hath more torment than poor Gaveston. not K. : K. Edw. : that high-minded Earl of Lancaster I have my wish. Gav. Edw. Edw.33- EDWARD THE I I SECOND. which was similar to golf. hast been of since I me since thy exile. felt — Now And let the treacherous Mortimers conspire. — Kiss my hand Embrace me. What. I here create thee Lord High Chamberlain. K. the least of these may well For one of greater words. Brother. Edw. in that I joy thy sight. cannot brook these haughty menaces and must be overruled ? — . brother for I cannot brook these Thy worth. Than thou Gav. thyself. And either die or live with Gaveston. Therefore. is far above my gifts. Cease. Earl of Cornwall. welcome home my friend. Brother. King and Lord of Man. And sooner shall the sea o'erwhelm my land. Brother. to equal ' receive my heart he old Contend. in hell And went from hence. . it. My lord. Gav. sweet friend. Gaveston as I ? do Why Thy should'st thou kneel friend. K. I know it. sufllice Kent. game The expression is no doubt borrowed from of bandy-ball. Am I'll a king. . Chief Secretary to the state and me. these titles far exceed my worth. can no longer keep me from my [ ! lord. birth than Gaveston.

or fancy likes. K. It shall suffice me Which whiles I have. Whither goes my lord of Coventry so B. Ay. give thee but to honour thee. 'Tis true . be revenged on him for my exile.SCENE I. SECOND. Gav. That wert the only cause of his exile. priest. I did no more than I was bound to do And. Gaveston. Saving your reverence. Edtv. Kent. 31 If for these dignities I'll thou be envied. to enjoy your love. and thou shalt back to France. Wouldst thou be loved and feared? receive my Save or condemn. of Cov. Ah. Gav. spare his life. for. you must pardon me. K. . and lives to be revenged on thee. Thou should'st not plod one foot beyond this place. As then I did incense the parliament. Let him complain unto the see of hell. Edw. brother. kingly regiment* Is Edward pleased with ? Fear'st thou thy person ? thou shalt have a guard Wantest thou gold go to my treasury seal. Enter the Bishop ^Coventry. I think myself as great As Caesar riding in the Roman street. of Cov. But is that wicked Gaveston returned ? K.] EDWARD THE more . unless thou be reclaimed. B. lay not violent hands on he'll him ! complain unto the see of Rome. affects. No. and but for reverence of these robes. Ediv. And For I'll in the channel" christen him anew. rend his stole. - Gutter. Edw. So will I now. but seize upon » his goods Rule. With captive kings at his triumphant car. fast ? K. To celebrate your father's exequies. Gav. and in our name command Whatso thy mind Gav. Throw off his golden mitre.

True. serve thee as thy chaplain —here. Mor. of Cov. and bring thee safe again. and there die Fleet. or in bolts. wicked king accursed Gaveston This ground. use him as thou to the wilt. He shall to prison. B. two Mortimers . Edw. away. scene is at Westminster. Shall be their timeless* sepulchre or mine. What will they tyrannise upon ! Ah. SCENE Enter on one side the II. his rents. Edw. fair ? Gav. ' Untimely. Ay. Gaveston. Edw. it Come. . For this offence. the where thou wilt. Well. sure.332 EDWARD THE lord bishop SECOND. the church? And goods and body given to Gaveston. of Cov. 'Tis true.^ War. Warwick and Lancaster. Mor. Tower. Y. K. What should a priest do with so A prison may best beseem his holiness. But in the meantime. be thou accurst of God K. [act I. \Exeunt. which is corrupted with ! ! their steps. the bishop is in the Tower. • B. Be thou I give and receive And make him him thee Gav. shalt And take possession of his house and goods. and thou have my guard a house To see done. Lan. true. Wherefore is Guy of Warwick discontent? villain Gaveston is made an earl. Who's there? Convey this priest to the Tower. E. K. on the other. let that peevish Frenchman guard him Unless his breast be sword-proof he shall die. That The Mor. How now! why droops the Earl of Lancaster? K ' Lan. follow me.

Thus leaning on the shoulder of the king." now at every word And happy is the man whom he vouchsafes. Mor. All stomach. What need I? you take arms against the king ? God himself is up in arms. Lan. Ay.] EDWARD THE SECOND. the guard upon his lordship waits . - i. My lord. Were We'd Mor. Then This laid they violent hands upon him his . take [Exit Attend. Doth no man take exceptions Y. swoln venom of ambitious pride. Why post we not from hence to levy men ? Lan. and Lord of Man. .him. arm in arm. E. And Secretary too. of Cant. Mor. nor we will not suffer this. —away. When ^ violence it is offered to the church. Mor. at those that pass. An earl War. Y. at the slave ? Lan. ! : And all the court begins to flatter him. He nods and scorns and smiles E. Will be the ruin of the realm and us. JVar. War. Enter the Archbishop <?/" Canterbury and an Attendant. Here comes my lord of Canterbury's grace. next : Himself imprisoned. Mor. and certify the goods asseized horse. but none dare speak a word. Lancaster all the earls and barons of my mind. For vailing of his bonnet. of Cant. A. Feel resentment. Pope . that bewrays their baseness. Ah. hale And at the court-gate him from the bosom of the king. and besides Lord Chamberlain of the realm. 333 E. First were his sacred garments rent and torn. the king and he doth march Nay more. Thus. " My Lord of Cornwall. hang the peasant up. Removing as a mark of respect.' one good look. His countenance bewrays he is displeased. with Who. La?i.SCENE II. We may not. will A.e.

or he'll stay still. And war must be the means. Then let him stay. of Cant. Madam. A. But yet lift not your swords against the king. Shall be oppressed with civil mutinies. Will meet. to ease all this. War. Madam. to be revenged at full. EDWARD THE Mor. us. but hear A. Lan. of Cant. And when I come he frowns. . Mot. Y. my lord. Isab. and whispers in his ears. be his peers. Is Y. gentle fast ? Q. Isab. Enter Queen Isabella. What near . But doats upon the love of Gaveston. as who should say. To live in grief and baleful discontent For now. whither walks your majesty so forest. and with a general consent Confirm banishment with our hands and seals. Unto the Mortimer. that [act i you join with else. I will And let him frolic with his minion. return unto the court again That sly inveigling Frenchman we'll exile. " Go whither thou wilt. seeing I have Gaveston. that are his counsellors. The king shall lose his crown for we have power. and yet. it not strange that he is thus bewitched ? Mor. speak : My me We and the his rest. but we will lift (Gaveston from hence. Q. No. . the king regards me not. lords. of Cant.334 Y. Then will SECOND. Mor. ere that day come. and hangs about his neck. Smiles in his face. And courage too." E. for rather than my lord endure a melancholy life. Or lose our lives . To banish or behead that Gaveston? A. He claps his cheeks. my lords ? for it concerns me The bishopric of Coventry is his.

the Elder Mortimer. And both the Mortimers. To A. SCENE III. Forbear arms against the king.SCKNK HI. Here the form of Gaveston's exile May ' it please your lordship to subscribe your name. if Mor. Young Mortimer. as proposed by the archbishop. Gav. Pembroke. of Cant. farewell I K K Mor. I must. and there stay with me. the Archbishop of Canterbury and Attendants. let's away. and. that redoubted knight. At the Y. — SCENE IV. where shall this meeting be A. 335 Lan. for my sake. if not. all Come then. But say. I'll entreat you cross to Lambeth. And. Warwick. to levy Q. War.* is Lan. Mar. Farewell. sweet Mortimer. Then may we lawfully revolt from him. ? New Temple. two goodly men. words will serve. the mighty Prince of Lancaster. will frustrate. With Guy of Warwick. Isab.] EDWARD THE SECOND. Content. . Edmund. Mor. Are gone toward Lambeth there let them remain. Enter Lancaster. That hath more earldoms than an ass can bear. of Cant. in the meantime. What we confirm the king }. \Exeiint. Lati. The scene than the New is more probably the king's palace at Westminster Temple. Madam. Enter Gaveston and Kent. Ay. my lord.

or ye shall let — E. Mor. and Kent. Mor. What man of noble Qiiam male conveniunt birth can brook this sight? See what a scornful look the peasant casts Pent. \^He subscribes. Your grace doth well to place him by your side. War. That hardly art a gentleman by birth ? K. Ediv. For nowhere else the new earl is so safe. What. Enter King Edward. my lord . Can kingly lions fawn on creeping ants ? ! War. The name of Mortimer Unless he be declined from that base peasant. are you moved that Gaveston here It is ? . shall fright the king. Give the paper. But Y. quick.336 EDWARD THE me SECOND. Is this the duty that you owe your king ? War. We are no traitors . my lord. therefore threaten not. Gaveston. K. Were he a peasant. I a king villain. We know our duties will K. I long more to see him banished hence. I'll make the proudest of you stoop to him. Their downfall is at hand. Edw. Ignoble vassal. A. I long to write my name. Gav. that like Phaeton ! Aspir'st unto the guidance of the sun Y. K. their forces down: We will not thus be faced and over-peered. Lay hands on that traitor Gaveston Kent. Lay hands on that traitor Mortimer E. but pay them home Were Y. Mor. E. [act t. him know his peers. Quick. threaten not. . of Cant. Mor. Ediv. being my minion. Lan. as do the others after him. you bear him ? Stay. Mor. Whither die. No. Mor. sits our pleasure we will have it so. Lan. Ediv. Thou wherefore talk'st thou of a king.

Curse him. Y. And And Ere A. Edw. either have our wills. . ! Y : ! Or I will presently discharge these lords Of duty and allegiance due to thee. to his exile. What we have done. our heart-blood War. for this. K. K. you may not thus disparage us.] EDIVARD THE SECOND. K. ' i. and the realm. And with the Earl of Kent that favours him. On A. my lord Mor. ! Here. my lord. with hateful Gaveston E. Float. shall Mor. Ay. Why are you moved ? be patient. of Cant. . [Attendants remove Kent and Gaveston. of Cant.SCENE IV. Then linger not. Edw. 337 Lan. This isle shall fleet' upon the ocean. Ed7v. Learn then maintain. Think you that we can brook this upstart's pride? K. Anger and wrathful fury stops my speech. Remember how the bishop was abused Either banish him that was the cause thereof. to rule us better. do the worst you can. Mortimer. And wander to the unfrequented Inde. Subscribe. ever king thus over-ruled as I ? Lan. Mor. Nay. You know that I am legate to the Pope your allegiance to the see of Rome. Edw. My lord. Mor. A. My lords. of Cant. then. now let us all be resolute. lay violent hands upon your king. see what we your counsellors have done. wear you my crown Was Y. depose me. Meet you proud overbearing peers? my sweet Gaveston shall part from me.e. . if he refuse and then may we Depose him and elect another king. but do it straight. there it goes but yet I will not yield Curse me. sit thou in Edward's throne : : Warwick and Lancaster. Away. as we have done. or lose our lives. Lan. I say.

So I . A. subscribe. Edw. And so is mine. Y. Mor. Because he loves me more than all the . and let the lown depart. War. E. Edw. It boots me not to threat The legate of the Pope will be obeyed. High Admiral of our fleet Young Mortimer and his uncle shall be earls And you. 'Tis done and now.338 EDWARD THE SECOND. and therefore am content Instead of ink Y. Mor. —we are resolved. — — K \_Exetint all except King Edward. If this content you not. my lord. Ah. none but rude and savage-minded men Would seek the ruin of my Gaveston You that be noble-born should pity him. E. A. And share it equally amongst you all. whom the world Why ? should you love him hates so K. of Cant. Edw. Pern. you shall be Chancellor of the realm Thou. Now is my heart at ease. War. Be it or no. — I must speak fair : \Aside. [^Subscribes. K. Give it me I'll have it published in the streets. world. of Cant. I'll ? write it with my tears. You that are princely-born should shake him off For shame subscribe. I'll see him presently despatched away. A. K. [act i. To frolic my dearest Gaveston. Nothing shall alter us Lan. Mor. he shall not linger here. I see I must. Come. Make several kingdoms of this monarchy. come. Lancaster. accursed hand. may have some nook with or corner left. The king is love-sick for his minion. My lord. Mor. Lord Warwick^ President of the North And thou of Wales. Urge him. Ediv. Are you content to banish him the realm K. fall off Lan. Mor. of Cant. This will be good news to the common sort. .

Edw. I from myself am banished. my wretched soul z 2 That. he felicity. Is my : hope turned to this hell of grief? K. and must fly the land. 'Tis true. I'll fire thy crazed buildings. ! And banks As If I raised higher with their sepulchres ! for the peers. Gav. K. take wilt. or I will I shall be deposed. were it to do me good. Rend not words 'I'hou my heart with thy too-piercing from this land. Gav. in whose gracious looks : The blessedness of Gaveston remains else seeks For nowhere K. Edw. Gav. be king. To go from hence grieves not poor Gaveston But to forsake you. Why should a king be subject to a priest ! ? Proud Rome that hatchest such imperial grooms. Wherewith thy antichristian churches blaze. clame to thee all my love shall ne'er decline. And But thou must hence. sweet friend. sweet Gaveston have it —O ! were it false ! The legate of the Pope will so.] EDWARD THE SECOND. or . That I am banished.SCENE IV. and enforce The papal towers to kiss the lowly ground With slaughtered priests make Tiber's channel swell. And I only this torments will or no. . Re-enter Gaveston. that back the clergy thus. not one of them shall live. Edw. whether thou must depart. I'll it Live where thou send thee gold enough if long thou shalt not stay. reign to be revenged of them patiently. My lord. I hear it whispered everywhere. How fast they run to banish him They would not stir. I 339 love ! K. And And I'll therefore. Ediv. For these thy superstitious taper-lights. thou dost.

Edw. The peers will frown. my lord. give me leave But come. might I picture. and then 'twill grieve me more. Thou Gaveston. and me wear [^J'hey thine exchange pictures. we might as well return as go. Isab. not hence — I'll hide thee. Edw. Seeing I must go. I shall be found. Here take my O. Gav. : do not renew my K. And there abide till fortune call thee home. Be governor of Ireland my let stead. On Mortimer with whom.340 EDWARD THE in SECOND. For every look. let us part Stay. I cannot leave thee thus. altered by Dyce to " love. let's go . French strumpet get thee" gone Q. sweet friend. The time is little And. Gaveston not enough that thou corrupt'st ' my lord. therefore. On whom but on my husband should I fawn ? Gav. I. Gaveston. " Lord Care. [act. ! ! — Q. to look my fill bear thee on thy way. Kind words and mutual talk makes our grief greater Therefore. keep thee here as I ! I do this. Isab. my love ^ drops down a tear sorrow. Edw. ! Happy were but now most shalt miserable Gav. 'Tis something to be pitied of a king. Whither goes my lord ? ! 1 K. Edw. Gav. In saying Is't this. Fawn not on me. K. thou wrong'st me. with dumb embracement." - . " in the old editions . Q. that I pass not for their anger — Come. ungentle queen say no more judge you the rest. Gav. K. I'll that thou hast to stay. - K. Isab. • Enter Queen Isabella. Edw.

call SECOND. The king my lord thus to and not lived to see abandon me cries Like frantic Juno will I fill the earth With ghastly murmur of my sighs and For never doated Jove on Ganymede . when I left sweet France and was embarked. let my lord. or at the marriage-day The cup of Hymen had been full of poison. K. That charming Circe walking on the waves. breaks. your grace must pardon me.] EDWARD THE bawd to his affections. Edw.SCENE IV. lord. 'tis you that rob me of . Away then Q. my lord is to poor Isabel. How dear K. I mine honour thus in question ? mean not so . have I deserved these words Witness ? Witness the tears that Isabella sheds. K. Speak not unto her Q. my sight. . Or with those arms that twined about my neck I had been stifled. me of my my lord. lies Q. that sighing for thee. Gaveston. O miserable and distressed queen Would. ! Q. K. And by But I thy means is Gaveston exiled would wish thee reconcile the lords. Isab. Had changed my shape. Thou art too familiar with that Mortimer. Villain ! me not — Come. Edw. And witness Heaven how : : dear thou art to me There weep for till Assure thyself thou com'st not in my Gaveston be repealed. her droop and 'tis thou that robb'st Gav. pine. Isab. Or thou shalt ne'er be reconciled touch to it me. Isab. 341 And art a But thou must Gav. Isab. Madam. Your highness knows ! not in my power. Edw. [Exeunt Edward and Gaveston. this heart. . Edw. Wherein.

: [act I. the Elder Re-enter Lancaster. I know 'tis 'long of Gaveston she E. be quickly 1 O my never. and this must I perform. ' " Injury. Y. his minion's gone. must entreat him. Isab. madam will now ! His wanton humour Q. Why. . Mor. and beats her breast king. Mortimer ! a saint. And to behold so sweet a sight as that." as before pointed out. Hard is the heart that injuries such Y. Mor. I must speak him fair And be a means to call home Gaveston : And And yet he'll ever doat on Gaveston so am I for ever miserable. . For his repeal. he is gone. rather will I die a thousand deaths : And yet I love in vain . Warwick. Lati. Look where the Sits of the King of France wringing of her hands. And he Y. Unless the sea cast up his shipwrecked body. left. confesseth that he loves quittance. king's hate forth. — he'll ne'er . Cry him. Mor. Lan. was formerly used as a verb. then and love not Q. me not. Madam. No. Isab. and Young Mortimer. Mor. Isab. weeps. how fares your grace ? now breaks the Q. So much as he on cursbd Gaveston But that will more exasperate his wrath I . Mortimer. The Pein. Pembroke. sister Lan. Fear ye not. else be banished from his highness' presence. love me. War. * War. madam ! he comes not back. T^ancaster all for his am enjoined To Or sue upon you wills repeal This lord. There's none here but would run his horse to death. I fear. hath ill-entreated her. Ah. I madam.342 EDWARD THE SECOND.

But. floats on the Irish seas. Mortimer. Isab. aj)art. coldly his looks War. for Be thou my advocate unto these peers. What ! Gave- ston ? E. Q. hope. the queen's War. My lords. No speaking will prevail. Not I. Lan. Mor. sit Q. O Lancaster will him dissuade For 'tis against he should return. IV. of necessity must be . Isab. being caught. I am resolved. I. madam. No Lan. Mortimer Lan. Isab. peasant go. Isab. 'Tis for myself I speak. Mor. Fair queen. than grant. And so am my my ! lord let : dissuade the queen. It is impossible but speak your mind. for him. him home? Q. . the court The angry king hath banished me And. against my nephew.- Will you be resolute. Mor. would you have me plead Y. Gaveston. as thou lov'st and tender'st me. Then thus. Q. and hold with me ? E. Mor. let the War. so. him that will. but none but ourselves. ? words cannot alter him. Plead Lan. And Y. Y. and not for him. Well. I mean that vile torpedo.] EDWARD THE SECOND. shall hear it Q. down by me awhile. She smiles now for my life it make denial his mind is changed ! ! rather lose his friendship. Ay. Mor. albeit the queen win Mortimer. Fe/n. I That now. do but mark how earnestly she pleads ! And I'll see how . therefore. Mor. forbear to angle for the fish Which. the king. Isab. for he be restored. Sweet Mortimer. Then speak not Fern.SCENE Y. and therefore cease. strikes him that takes it dead Y. [^Talks to Y. Fear not. would you have us till 343 call Mor. for I. I will tell thee reasons of such weight As thou wilt soon subscribe to his repeal.

Isab. ' Consideration. that. [act I. All that he speaks is nothing we are resolved. mark the respect. Mortimer. Y. is. and for the king's. dishonour not thyself good to banish him ? him home again ? Such reasons make white black. 'Tis hard for us to work his overthrow. hear what he can . my lord. to call Lan. Yet. Which may in Ireland purchase him such friends Y. give me but leave to speak. allege. good true. but for our avail Nay Can for the realm's behoof. And none so much as blame the murderer. hope your honours make no question.344 EDWARD THE SECOND. My 'Tis not for his sake. But rather praise him for that brave attempt. Fie. nephew. Y. my lord. Mor. Mor. But were he here. He saith true. In no respect can contraries be Q. Mor. Do you not wish that Gaveston were dead ? Fern. But. detested as he How easily might some base slave be suborned To greet his lordship with a poniard. and do our country good. 'twas And is this true. Y. Why then. I would he were ! Mor. though I plead for his repeal. Y.^ this be true. do not play the sophister. . . War. E. Zan. As he will front the mightiest of us all ? live And whereas he shall and be beloved. Mor. I lords. Mor. Know you not Gaveston hath store of gold. My lord of Lancaster. and dark night day. This which 1 urge is of a burning zeal To mend the king. Mark you but my lord of Lancaster. And in the chronicle enrol his name ! For purging of the realm of such a plague Fern. that I abhor base Gaveston. War. And therefore.

Mor. And I. And so will Pembroke and I. Should bear us down of the nobility. Then may we with some colour fear to offend the it rise in arms For howsoever we have borne 'Tis treason to out. count me highly gratified. in . In this I Then But let her live abandoned and forlorn. Lancaster will grant War. this I him from the perform be slack.SCENE IV. when he shall know it lies To banish him. But cannot brook a night-grown mushroom. Isab. And Mortimer will rest at your command. my lords. was not done before in us 345 ? Lan. Ay. And when this favour Isabel forgets. Y. And when We'll pull the commons and the nobles join. Having brought the Earl of Cornwall on his way. my lord the king. I love him more Than he can Gaveston would he love me see. And meanest nobleman. . . happy time. more. Nay. But half so much.] EDWARD THE this it SECOND. lords. 'Twill make him vail ^ the top-flag of his pride. But how if he do not. and then to call him home. E. So we shall have the people of our Which for his father's sake lean to the king. Lan. Such a one as my lord of Cornwall is. be up against the king side. 'Tis not the king can buckler Gaveston strongest hold he hath. Mor. On that condition. this news will glad him much Is new returned Yet not so much as me. but how chance Y. Mor. Think me as base a groom as Gaveston. Q. Mor. Because. nephew ? K Mor. if to My E. was not thought upon. then were ' I treble-blessed ! Lower.

Edw. K. Did never sorrow go so near my heart As doth the want of my sweet Gaveston . my lord. My heart as an anvil unto sorrow. Repealed ! true ? Q. think I gained. ! What passions call you these ? My gracious lord. the news is too sweet to be K. If it be so. No other jewels hang about my neck Than these. For thee. Once more receive my hand and . Isab. and absence thus mourn. Isab. let this be A second marriage 'twixt thyself and me. I would freely give it to his enemies. And with the noise turns up my giddy brain. Isab. And makes me frantic for my Gaveston. Edw. for his K. Q. I come to bring you news. what will not Edward do thou Q. my lord nor let me have more wealth . Isab. Edw. Than I may fetch from this rich treasury O how a kiss revives poor Isabel K. shall be repealed. Seeing thou hast pleaded with so good success. . K. I'll fair queen. Diablo Q. And could my crown's revenue bring him back. having bought so dear a friend. When I was forced to leave my Gaveston ! ! Lan. Edw. But will you love me. Isab. Isab. if you find it so ? ? K. but not for Isabel. Which beats upon like the Cyclops' hammers. He's gone. Ah had some bloodless Fury rose from hell. K. And with my kingly sceptre struck me dead. mourning. That Gaveston. For Gaveston. That you have parleyed with your Mortimer Q. King Edward. Hark ! how he is it harps upon his minion. Edw. I [act I. Edw. if lov'st Gaveston . Edw. hang a golden tongue about thy neck. And Q_.346 EDWARD THE Rt-enter SECOND.

E. As England shall be marshal so your enemies. nor mean reward . my lord. make Y. Live thou with me as my companion. when I offend your grace. K. aside ? Or. For with my nature war doth best agree. ! K. Q. I if that lofty office like thee not. and in public shows. Edw. K. That now are ready to assail the Scots. prove more happy than the fair. And on their knees salute your majesty. bespeak these nobles That wait attendance for a gracious look. Even so let hatred with thy sovereign's smile. Edw. War. In solemn triumphs. Pembroke Pern. Chide me. Having the love of his renowned peers. My gentle lord. And as for you. K. thee here Lord Marshal of the realm. K. or rich embroidery.] EDWARD THE And may it SECOND. and you safe. . embrace thy king And. In this your grace hath highly honoured me. Be you the general of the levied troops. ne'er was my heart so light. Whose great achievements in our foreign war Deserves no common place. Isab. as gross vapours perish by the sun. Mor. Now is the King of England rich and strong. This salutation overjoys my heart. quiet. My lord. I'll Mor. if I go astray. Ay. Isab. K. And with this sword Pembroke will fight for you. Isabel. Lord Mortimer of Chirke. Slay me. Edw. shall bear the sword before the king. Courageous Lancaster. Edw. Ediv. Edw. Warwick shall be my chiefest counsellor These silver hairs will more adorn my court Than gaudy silks. 347 first Q. But wherefore walks young Mortimer Be thou commander of our royal fleet . sweet Warwick. Lan.SCENE IV.

seeing his mind so doats on Gaveston. : The had their minions Great Alexander loved Hephestion The conquering Hercules for Hylas wept mightiest kings have . fly As fast as Iris or Jove's Mercury. direct our warrant forth For Gaveston Enter Beaumont with warrant. cousin. Eihv. must to Scotland . let's in K. gentle Warwick revel. [act i. my gracious lord. Spare for no cost we will requit your love. the Earl of Gloucester's heir ? Such news we hear. I E. Clerk of the crown. In this. and tournament ' And then his marriage shall be solemnised. we leave you Now let us in. Let him without controulment have his will. Against our friend the Earl of Cornwall comes. We'll have a general tilt to your charge. if not for him. come. Nephew. Beaumont. my lord. or aught your highness shall : command us. I For wot you not that have made him sure Unto our Lati. Edw. And. and feast it royally. here. Thanks. yet in the triumph will be challenger. Affianced him . my sake. and \_Exeunt all except the Mortimers. for Who K. . not kings only. Lord Mortimer. but the wisest men . That day.e. And And for Patroclus stern Achilles drooped. K. Edw. thou stayest Leave now t'oppose thyself against the king. War. Thou seest by nature he is mild and calm. \_Exit. It shall be done. Bea.348 EDWARD THE to Ireland : SECOND. : The Roman Tully loved Octavius ^ i. Mor.

yjetter. for While soldiers mutiny want of pay. Y. And flout our train. -I will not yield to any such upstart. You know my mind . E. ^ Scoundrels. 349 Grave Socrates wild Alcibiades. the king and he From out a window laugh at such as we. is flexible. I have not seen a dapper Jack so brisk He wears a short Italian hooded cloak. and. wanton humour grieves not me one so basely born \ But this I scorn. a hand. He wears a lord's revenue on his back. light-headed earl. While others walk below. that Should by his sovereign's favour grow so pert. Freely enjoy that vain. god of shapes. - And riot it with the treasure of the realm. As if that Proteus. Yx. riper years will Y. Mor. now you see the king is changed. let's away. Mor. Then so am I. Then let his grace. nephew. Mor. in the court. 'tis this makes me impatient. Midas-like. \_Exeunt. But. Whose proud fantastic liveries make such show. his wean him from such toys.] EDWARD THE whose youth as SECOND. Uncle.SCENE IV. Uncle. in his Tuscan cap. and jest at our attire. more value than the crown. and live to do him service But whiles I have a sword. come. appeared. And For promiseth as much we can wish. he jets ^ And it With base outlandish cullions ^ at his heels. . Larded with of A jewel : ^ Struts. a heart. uncle. pearl.

fortune Spencer's hopes depends. for he loves me well. Seeing that our lord the Earl of Gloucester's dead. of the nobles dost thou mean . Spencer. But he that hath the favour of a king. Young Spencer and Baldock. learn this of me. me to the king. Not Mortimer. Which Y. May with one word advance us while we The liberal Earl of Cornwall is the man live : On whose good Bald. there's small hope of Spen.' ALD. Ay. mark the end. but. Baldock. Spen. to serve ? [his side Spen. What. nor any of Because the king and he are enemies.^/'^r I. Y. for a while. Baldock. But he is banished . No. much less us . SCENE ^. Y. him.ACT THE SECOND. his companion And would have once preferred Bald. a factious lord Shall hardly do himself good. . A friend ' of mine told me in secrecy ' Dyce supposes the scene to be a hall in Gloucester house. mean you then to be his follower ? .

back again the court . .SCENE That I. smelling to a nosegay all And the day. Y. Bald. attire. . which makes me think about her lover Gaveston. And use them but of mere hypocrisy. Or holding of a napkin in your hand. pleasant. Spen. Bald. And even now With letters to a post came from our lady from the king And It is as she read she smiled. you must cast the scholar-off." . A velvet-caped coat. Or looking downward with your eyelids close. Spen. faced before with serge. 351 he's repealed. Which made me curate-like in mine Though inwardly licentious enough. Mine old lord whiles he lived was so precise. Then hope I by her means to be preferred. Our lady's first love is not wavering My life for thine she will have Gaveston. Bald. as occasion serves. That he would take exceptions at my buttons. Then. Spencer. an't may please your honour. Y. that his banishment had changed her mind. She neither walks abroad. And being like pin's heads. 'Tis like-enough for since he was exiled in sight. Or saying a long grace at a table's end. . nor comes But I And had thought the match had been broke off. And now and then stab. Having read unto her since she was a child.] EDWARD THE and sent for SECOND. thou know'st I hate such formal toys. Or making low legs to a nobleman. Baldock. " Truly. And apt for any kind of villany. resolute. little 'Tis not a black coat and a band. bold. Can get you any favour with great men You must be proud. And learn to court it like a gentleman. And saying. blame me for the bigness .

Y. Spencer. If all things sort* out. I knew the king would have him home again. thus to excuse thyself? I know thou could'st not come and visit me : \Reads?\ " I will not long be from thee. this jesting. \Puts the letter into her bosom. It shall be done. be at the court as soon as we. And meet my Gaveston ? why do I stay. stay you and bear me company. though I die. Niece. Spen. will. I." This argues the entire love of my lord \Reads^ " When I forsake thee. [act ii. And hath a special But one of those that saith. For I have joyful news of Cornwall is to tell thee of. That cannot speak Wiihowi propterea quod. Seeing that he talks thus of my marriage-day? Who's there See that Bald. Enter King Edward's Niece. I must hence. My lord And will a-coraing over. shall ' be thought upon. Spencer. Spen. . Now to the letter of my lord the king. He wills me to repair unto the court. death seize on my heart : But stay thee here where Gaveston shall sleep. ? Baldock ! my coach be ready. The grief for his exile was not so much. As is the joy of his returning home. I am none of these common pedants. Y. here Bald. quandoquidem. Niece. : This letter came from my sweet Gaveston What need'st thou. gift to form a verb.352 EDWARD THE SECOND. Turn. madam. as I hope they Thy service. And meet me {Exit Baldock. Leave off my lady comes. at the park-pale presently. love. Niece.

my lord. And gets into the highest bough of all The motto.SCENE II. Warwick. humbly thank your ladyship. ' K. Spen. let K. ! But tell me. Mortimer. K. seeing you are so desirous. good. Edw.] EDWARD THE SECOND. II. Pembroke. Mar. How now what news ? is Gaveston arrived ? K Mor. Lancaster. Nothingbut Gaveston whatmeansyour grace ! ! You have matters of more weight to think upon The King of France sets foot in Normandy. K. And what is yours. And by the bark a canker creeps me up. my lord of Lancaster ? Lan. I Niece. telling. And still his mind runs on his minion Lan. \Exeunt. Edw. Mor. A trifle we'll expel him when we please. me know not worth the it. thus it is : A lofty cedar-tree. 353 Y. Edw. caster. . Pray thee Y. I and Attendants. Mor. how passionate' he ! is. K. what's thy device ? Against the stately triumph we decreed Y. My lord. Queen Isabella. yEque tande?n. Come. Edw. * Sorrowful. stays me he is wrecked upon the Q. Look. On whose top-branches kingly eagles perch. . Isab. My lord. fair flourishing. A homely one. But. Kent. Lan- Young Mortimer. SCENE Enter King Edward. mine's more obscure than Mortimer's. lead the way . The wind I fear is wonder why he sea. I long till I am there. A A . Edw.

K. they love you. it And therefore. . is it it. Edw. Isab. I bear. be content. harpy that shall swallow him.354 EDWARD THE is SECOND. me me not that hate not too my Gaveston. If in his absence thus shall Y. much . but there's a fowl this fish. being pursued. ! The motto this Undique mors Kent. est. That we see . Enter Gaveston. I have the jesses^ that will pull you down And ALqiu tandem shall that canker cry Unto the proudest peer of Britainy. fall. [act ii. my brother ? all Sweet husband. That seizeth my ! lord. Mor. shake And you the eagles soar . Edw. to which ^he falconer's leash was fastened. My Gaveston ! ! Welcome to Tynemouth welcome to thy friend Thy absence made me droop and pine away ! ^ The straps round a hawk's legs. And Nor threatenest death whether he rise or 'Tis not the hugest foulest monster of the sea. Proud Mortimer Is this the love ungentle Lancaster ? you bear your sovereign Is this the fruit your reconcilement bears ? Can you in words make show of amity. ye ne'er so high. will he favours him. Though thou compar'st him to a flying fish. Pliny reports there a flying fish Which all the other fishes deadly hate. this And in your shields display your rancorous minds What call you but private libelling Against the Earl of Cornwall and Q. ? What he do whenas he shall be present Lan. : takes the air : No sooner up. look where his lordship comes. K. with rings attached. They love I am that cedar.

Still will these earls and barons use me Gav. Desired her more. as the lovers of Danae. earls.] EDWARD THE fair SECOND. ! ! \^Draws his stvord and ! ! . Ediv.e. Lan. Will none of you salute ? my Gaveston ? ! Lan. Yet I disdain so low not to do this for you. K. Gav. Lord Chamberlain Mor. my sobbing heart. your speech preventeth Yet have I words left to express my joy : The shepherd Frolics not nipt with biting winter's rage to see the painted spring. leaden glory in your birth. more to Than J<r. offers to stab Gaveston. Isab. I do behold your majesty. Salute him yes . Sweet lord and king. to scoff at Gaveston. K.SCENE II. Whose mounting thoughts did never creep As to bestow a look on such as you. 355 For. Lord Governor of the Isle of Man K ! Welcome. Welcome. When So did Bitter she was locked up in a brazen tower. Brother. Master Secretary Kent. poor soul. Edw. welcome. Ay me. do you hear them ? K. Go sit at home and And come not here eat your tenant's beef. Here here K. My lord. Return it I'll be thy warrant. when these begin to to their throats. Pe7n. Edw. I cannot brook these injuries. and waxed outrageous. Anticipatelh. it fare with me to : and now thy sight Is sweeter far than was thy parting hence and irksome mine. Edw. Gav. ! thus. . \Aside. Welcome is the good Earl of Cornwall War. Treason treason where's the traitor ? Pern. Edw. Q. ' i. Base. Convey hence Gaveston they'll murder him. that jar.

Y. [act ii. Mor. Lan. if you back him thus. or die in seeking it. all of them conspire to cross me thus But if I live. I'll tread upon their heads That think with high looks thus to tread me down. Lan. To persecute that Gaveston to the death. these words do ill beseem thy years. War. Edw. Kent. K. were he slain. live ! The like oath Pembroke takes. He means to make us stoop by force of arms And therefore let us jointly here protest. Edmund. . Let's to our castles. Look to your own heads hisls sure enough. ! . War. Warwick. Now send our heralds to defy the king the people swear to put And make him down. War. Pern. Gav. The y. let's away and levy men. And so doth Lancaster. K. Mor. Moved may he be. what hast thou done ? Mor. and Kent. Queen Isabella. Q. Edw. unless I miss mine aim. Tsab. K. \_Exeunt King Edward.356 EDWARD THE life SECOND. K. Come. Out of my presence come not near the court. though live Dear shall you both abide this riotous deed. and perish in his wrath it is Lan. [ Wounds Gaveston. he Yes. We'll hale him by the ears unto the block. of thee shall salve this foul disgrace. Villain thy life. Ah furious Mortimer. Mor. Cousin. No more than I would answer. I'll not be barred the court for Gaveston. the abject villain shall not I'll have his blood. ! Mor. ! \Exit Gaveston with Attendants. Nay. Look to your own crown. ! Y. Y. no dealing with him now. By heaven. more than thou canst answer. 'Tis war that must abate these barons' pride. Edw. for the king is moved.

Y. From Scotland. if he will not ransom him. About it then. Ay. We'll have him ransomed. Mor. Meantime. Why. Guard. is't K. and bear thee company. War.] EDWARD THE SECOND. thousand pound. War. Mor. Guard. thunder such a peal into his bear ears.SCENE II. but we speak to him. Lan. Edward and Kent. my part — Holla ! who's there ? Enter Guard. Be resolute and Y. You Y. Whither will yoiir lordships ? Y. Letters ! from whence ? Mess. Why. how now. My uncle's taken prisoner by the . May we not ? Enter King lord. and we Lan. and gather head. the king. there. Lan. How now is ! What noise this ? who have we you? [Going. 357 Enter a Messenger. cousin. is Guard. Scots. how fares all our friends ? Y. my Mor. I'll Lan. marry. Mor. Content. may not in. Cousin. \Giving letters to Mortimer. Y. Whither else but to the king. His highness disposed to be alone. Ediv. Mor. so he may. Lead on the way. will Lan. cousin. my lord of Pembroke and myself will follow you. Y. . They rate his ransom at five should defray the is money but Seeing he taken prisoner in his wars to the king. such a guard as this doth Lan. Mor. and \Exit with Pembroke. my lord. I'll full of secrecy. As never subject did unto his king. well. Mor. ? K Who I'll Mor. Will to Newcastle here. man be of good cheer. I warrant you. I'll Lan. Do.

farewell. Lan. Edw. Mor. witli groaning at the gates. masks. Lan. unresisted drive York the Scots make road.' swarms of Lives uncontrolled within the English pale. Inroad. Edw. 'Twas in your wars Y. wild Oneyl. Irish kerns. Nay. I still be haunted thus ? Mor. the family of the Mortimers land. And so will I. lie And. " Foot soldiers. or else . Are not so poor. Quiet you shall have the broad seal. i. I you news. K. ransom him. and then. Then ransom him. Lan. What ! Mortimer. Thy gentle queen.e. would they sell their 'Twould levy men enough to anger you.^ away rich spoils. break. Unto And Y. look to be deposed . my lord. Y. Lan. Nay. To gather for him throughout the realm. you yourself. the walls of in the harbour ride thy ships unrigged. lascivious shows. Lan. Shall Y. lame and poor. sole sister to Valois. Your minion Gaveston hath taught you Y. . Mor. Mor. Have drawn thy treasury dry. overstretched. my lord. And prodigal gifts bestowed on Gaveston. EDWARD THE Mor. . left Complains that thou hast 1 her all forlorn. Look for rebeUion. but. Mine uncle's taken prisoner by the Scots. I'll speak my mind. but a sort of flatterers ? Laji. Thy The garrisons are beaten out of France.358 Y. K. will not threaten him ? K. this. We never beg. Edw. but use such prayers as these. stay. and made thee weak The murmuring commons. Mor. The haughty Dane commands the narrow seas. SECOND. What foreign prince sends thee ambassadors Mor. now you're here alone. Kent. My lord. come to bring [act ii. ? While Y. And you shall you should ransom him. The idle triumphs. Who loves thee.

But once ? ' To England's high disgrace. Y. Wigmore fly. Bedaubed with gold. revenge it as you can Look next to see us with our ensigns spread. that the fleering Scots. lost For your lemans^ you have at Bannocks- What weeneth So soon Y. If ye And when more. Where women's favours hung like labels down. When wert thou in the . run up and down. And therefore came it. made this jig ^ may you mourn. the battle of Bannock^ Lovers. The Northern borderers seeing their houses burnt. Mor. * Wigmore was the name of young Mortimer's estate.'* to set my uncle free. rode laughing at the rest. field with banner spread. Lan. \Exit with Young Mortimer. Edw. - This jig or ballad is Chronicle. and then thy soldiers marched like players. have " Maids of England. with slight variations. whom thou should'st dearly love of thy overthrow. I mean the peers. from Fabyan's refers to. gone.Mor. burn had not been fought. Thy court is naked. our swords shall purchase be moved.] EDWARD THE SECOND. being bereft of those That make a king seem glorious to the world . sore bourn. Nodding and shaking of thy spangled crest. Their wives and children Cursing the slain. not armour and thyself. With garish robes. : Libels are cast again thee in the street Ballads and rhymes made Lan. 359 Y. name of thee and Gaveston. taken. With a heave and a ho the King of England.SCENE II. ! to have won Scotland " ! ? W^ith a rombelow shall 'tis Mor. ' My swelling heart for very anger breaks ! Jeering. Lan. At the time the scene . K.

'tis thought the earls are up in arms. banish him for ever. So will I. What care I though the earls begirt us round ?— Here cometh she Enter that's cause of all these jars. Q. shall the crowing of these cockerels Affright a lion ? Edward. And therefore. How And have I been baited by these peers. Ay. is dare not be revenged. Edw. and rue too late. so I walk with him about the walls. My lord. begone whine thou with Mortimer. Edw. When I thy brother am rejected thus. Edw. Edw. K. My lord. ! Kent. Sweet uncle ! Gav. K. Gaveston. Pardon me. Isab. Ay. Poor Gaveston.36o EDWARD THE oft SECOND. Now let them thank themselves. [act ii. sweet. we'll live in Tynemouth here. brother. two Baldock and Young Spencer. Q. Edw. and 'tis likewise thought you favour 'em. . Kejit. IsHb. and it grieves me that I favoured him. Traitor. My lord. Isab. Thus do you still suspect me without cause ? speak more kindly to the queen. I had forgot myself. blood slake thy fury's hunger. speak her fair. that has no friend but me. Out of my sight. for their power great Yet. rather than with Gaveston. I see your love to Gaveston Will be the ruin of the realm and you. For now the wrathful nobles threaten wars. And. and trouble me no more Kent. Q. Your pardon is quickly got of Isabel. And If I let their lives' be cruel and grow tyrannous. Queen Isabella Ladies. with King Edward's Niece. K. dissemble with her. ! K. K. \_Exit K Edw. Art thou an enemy to my Gaveston ? Kent. Niece. Do Away ! Kent. what they can. unfold thy paws. No marvel though thou scorn thy noble peers.

my lord . the only heir the Earl of Gloucester late deceased. Edw.] EDWARD THE SECOND. Ay. think that I love thee w^ell. to ! And. For sake. To wed Unto Gav. Gav. let I'll my for his sake grace thee with a higher style ere long. my lord. be favoured of your majesty K. and tell me what are these. ! Niece. Cousin. Tell me. and my gentry from Oxford. That my face he threatens civil wars. is 361 Edw. Edw. K. Y. Baldock. Gaveston. where wast thou born ? what is thine arms Bald. Edw. I fetch ? is My name Baldock. K. The headstrong barons me He that I list to favour shall be great. for my Wait on me. K. . many will stomach me. EdiiK Would Lancaster and he had both caroused A bowl of poison to each other's health But let them go. I dare not. The younger Mortimer to grown so brave. then we'll have him privily made away. ? His name is Spencer. Edw. and I'll see thou shall not want. this day shall be your marriage-feast. him wait upon your grace Scarce shall you find a man of more desert. Edio. I humbly thank your majesty. hate. K. Than No greater titles happen unto me. wait upon me . Edw. May't please your grace to entertain them now. Then. I know. thee to our niece. not from heraldry. Spencer. Why. Why do you not commit him to the Tower ? K. Gaveston Gav. K. Knowest thou him. Bald. for the people love him well. The fitter art thou. turn. he is well allied . Two of my father's servants whilst he liv'd. Spen. shall not limit But I respect neither their love nor K.SCENE K. II. Gav. Edw.

Lan. I My lords. In all Latin deeds the Mortimers are called " de Mortuo mari. therefore have we cause truth To cast Kent. away . Pembroke. is Now. Conjecture. And I'll Mor. Let us with these our followers scale the suddenly surprise them unawares Mor. you are sent of policy. know this. I'll give the onset follow thee.362 EDWARD THE let's SECOND. and others. my lords. and doubt of your revolt. [act ii. Young Mortimer. the worst. never was Plantagenet False of his word. Stay. Mine honour shall be hostage of my : If that will not suffice. Mor. Come. Have at the rebels. Lan. walls. and their 'complices \Exeunt. ^ Tattered. of love to this our native land ." . And And 1. £n/er Kent. ^ Which swept 1 the desert shore of that dead sea The * ^ — Cunningham scene is in the neighbourhood of Tynemouth Castle. Y. Warwick. show of love. I have informed the Earl of Lancaster. come in And you and leave the king your quarrel and the realm's behoof to join with first Will be the that shall adventure life. This ensign of my ancestors. ? But what's the reason you should leave him now Kent. tottered ^ War. Edmund . Lancaster. we thee. That Gaveston secretly arrived.^ Kent. ^ He ^ is your brother. and when the marriage ends. farewell. I fear me. And it sufficeth. Y. here in Tynemouth with the king. and therefore trust Pe7n. ! SCENE III. us with a To undermine War. my frolics lords.

away ! Gav. and Q. K. K. Edw. : Heaven can witness I love none but you \_Exeunt all but Queen Isabella. not injure you. my lord. No. King Edward and Young Spencer. Edw. where he is slain. O stay. fly. Isab. Fly. here he comes. we meet again. K.SCENE IV. Lady. O tell Gaveston ? Spen. Isab. O that mine arms could ^ close this isle about. None be so hardy as to touch the king Bi:t neither spare you Gaveston nor his friends. let K. I fear me my gracious lord. \Exeuni. And ring aloud the knell of Gaveston ! Lan. farewell. inside The scene is Tynemouth castle. Edw. Yes. me. ajid Nobles. I will not trust them Gaveston. Edw. Gav. them spoil and Enter Queen Isabella. your lover's sake. No farewell to poor Isabel thy yes. till Farewell. for queen ? K. upon this castle's walls. Niece. Q. farewell. From my embracements thus* he breaks away. they will . Farewell. Edia. my lord. sport. Drums. Mortimer. strike alarum.] EDWARD THE SECOND. sweet Gaveston. King Edward's Niece. now kill. the earls have got the hold Take shipping and away to Scarborough Spencer and I will post away by land. SCENE Enter severally IV. niece. Edw. . Farewell. is K. Spencer. sweet uncle. my lords. 363 Will I advance Whereof we got the name of Mortimer. raise them from their . Gaveston.

We would but realm of Gaveston : Tell us where he remains. Mor. Be easily suppressed therefore be gone. the miserable queen. ? Y. sweet Lancaster it . Ay. eyes. Who's this ? the queen ! Q. madam. Y. Cease seek? Q. Might be of lesser force and with the power That he intendeth presently to raise. Alarums ! ivithhi. I [act ! ii. and others. let's is march. and he shall die. and he cannot 'scape. Lan. That might pull him to me where would Or that these tears. That thus your army.364 EDWARD THE I SECOND. with continual mourning wasted tired with haling of Whose pining heart her inward sighs have blasted. Isab. No. : And body These l^nds are my lord From Gaveston. Isab. but that cursbd Gaveston. 1 Delay. that drizzle from mine part. How comes that the king and he parted Q. Y. Isab. Had power to mollify his stony heatt. his minion. Far be it from the thought of Lancaster rid the To offer violence to his sovereign. fair. from wicked Gaveston. Young Mortimer. Mortimer. and smiles upon to lament. He's gone by water unto Scarborough Pursue him quickly. Q. And all in vain for. I wonder how he 'scaped Mor. : . What would you with the king and tell us where's the king ? ? is't him you Lan. The king hath left him. when I speak him . Warwick. War. Foreslow no ^ time. Mor. Isab. . going several ways. He turns away. That when I had him we might never Enter Lancaster. and his train is small.

Your threats. So well hast thou deserved. The wind that bears him hence will fill our Come. and your hot pursuits ' Scene : the open country. Madam. to my lord the king. Isab. and follow him amain. Yet. SCENE Gav. I In vain look for love at Edward's hand. IV. You know I the king so suspicious. K K Mor. gentle Mortimer. Tsab. : My son and I will And to the king my How Gaveston hath robbed I me of his love : But yet hope my sorrows will have end. Here in the river rides Let's all aboard. No. \Exeunt all except Queen Isabella. As if he hear Mine honour have but talked with you. your larums. Whose eyes are fixed on none but Gaveston. 'tis but an hour's sailing. K Mor. And therefore.] EDWARD THE SECOND. brother there complain. will be called in question . Mortimer. As Isabel could live with thee for ever. Nay. I have escaped your hands. Mor. sails : Lan. Isab.SCENE Y. come aboard. stay you within I'll this castle here. I cannot stay to answer you. a Flemish hoy 365 Mor. pursued} lords. But think of Mortimer as he deserves. Enter Gaveston. rather sail with us to Scarborough. Q. I'll Yet once more If he be strange importune him with prayer and not regard my words. over into France. . lusty V. Q. And Gaveston this blessed day be slain. Madam. sweet Mortimer. \_Exit. is Q. be gone.

in which that Gaveston shall be beheaded. But for Soldiers. why talk'st thou to the slave Go. ^ Dyce Warwick says . ! disturber of thy country's peace. than death King Edward is not here to buckler thee. Look no other fortune.anr/ other Attendants of Pem- broke. execute at a That here severely we will Upon thy person. by my sword. Gaveston unsurprised. has dropped out. Pembroke. have him away . ]AUES. take him hence.366 EDWARD THE liveth Pierce of SECOND.. To see his royal sovereign once again. Lancaster. Thou * shalt have so much honour spite of. soldiers. [act ii. for. Young Mortimer. Upon him. Monster of men And bloody wars so for here should'st thou ! That. Upon my weapon's point And welter in thy gore. wretch. War. Enter Warwick. That muster rebels thus against your king). Soldiers. broils. short warning ! ? : Shall serve thy turn : it is our country's cause. Corrupter of thy king flatterer. all Breathing. Base Thou proud . suggests that a line following this." trained to arms many valiant knights . Lan. War. thou wert the favourite of a king. fall. like the Greekish strumpet. My lord War. yield cause of these it and were not for shame. Lancaster. His head shall off Gaveston. Hang him ! bough. And though Yet divorced from King Edward's eyes. Shame and dishonour to a soldier's name. in hope (malgrado^ your beards. K Mor. Gav. take away his weapons. meaning "in Helen of Troy. soldiers." at our hands ^ - Ital.

My now. he says. lords. And And sends you word. .] EDWARD THE thank you is all. it is this life this. Renowned Edward. War. What we shall grant ? Thus we'll gratify the His tears away with him him bestow : king. my lords. Arun. . Arundel. my lord of Arundel ? King Edward greets you all by me. Lan. No. Lan. And death is all. it. Arundel. War. Entreateth you by me.SCENE v. How Arun. you aim at. I my lords then I perceive. Why. we will gratify . How now ? Gav. He will be mindful of the courtesy. for why. Yet grant King Edward Mor. SECOND. lest he bestow more In burying him than he hath ever earned. it needeth not the king in this. We'll send his head by thee let on that. His majesty. Not so. : 367 Gav. Enter Arundel. how thy name Revives poor Gaveston War. Hearing that you had taken Gaveston. and hanging is the other. Will not these delays beget I my hopes ? know Y. say your message. for that is all he gets cost Of Gaveston. lords. he knows that die he shall if you gratify his grace so far. he must pardon us ! away with him Gav. yet but he may See him before he dies . In other matters Soldiers. Shalt thou appoint Soldiers. or else his senseless trunk. That heading one. my lord of Warwick.

To gratify the king's request therein. Mor. 1 ? My lords. and bring him back again Provided this. this Touching the sending of Because Desires to see the I will Gaveston. . tion. Cunningham made this altera- " Seize " in the old editions. Away. Pembroke. I will not over-woo your honours. his majesty's request. robber of king's renown Question with thy companions and mates. if For Gaveston. My Lord Mortimer. to make away A true man for a thief. it is SECOND. upon mine honour undertake To carry him. and send him back. if you not trust his grace in keep. that the care of his realm remits. what wilt thou do ? Cause yet more bloodshed ? is it not enough That we have taken him. 'Tis honourable in thee to offer this for we know thou a noble gentleman. And in the He He will honour of a king he swears." ^ and let him go Pern. Will join with me. * An exclamation implying repentance of a rash deed —Dyce. How mean'st thou. Arun. is over-base. ! Mor. Mortimer ? that Y. War. War. We will not wrong thee so. but talk with him. Gav. My But lords.368 EDWARD THE My lords. we wot. I will be pledge art Y. and you. no . Then he sees' him once. will Violate any promise to possess him. that you my lord of Arundel . but must we now Leave him on " had I wist. for his return. his majesty so earnestly man before his death. Arun. And drives his nobles to these exigents will. When ? can you tell ? Arundel. each one. Pern. [act ii. base groom. my lords.

my lord of Pembroke Your honour hath an adamant of power To draw I a prince. away Pembroke. but our men go along. prisoner. y. Pern. \Exeunt. my lord. 'Tis very kindly spoke. War. Horse-boy. Pem. Arun. James : do commit this Gaveston to thee. Gav. 369 you dare Upon mine Arun. GaveSTON. whither goest thou now ? \Exit with James and the other Attendants. Sweet sovereign. If Warwick's wit and policy prevail. So. and other Attendants of Pembroke. I know how 'twill prove. out of the way A little. that have pretty wenches must not come so near to baulk their lips. My house not far hence shall . We Sir. Mar . Then give him me. my lord of Warwick ? War.] EDWARD THE trust SECOND. let My Lan. Mor. Why. My is lord of Arundel. yet I come To see thee ere I die. My lord of Pembroke. I will return Pembroke with the him back. we deliver ! him you Return him on your honour. you shall go with me. Yet not perhaps. Pern. James. We will discharge thee of thy charge Gav. Pern. we'll quickly be at Cobham. lord of Lancaster. Come keeper hither. what say you in this ? him go on Pembroke's word. \Aside.SCENE But if v. And you. . do your pleasures. Mor. to our wives. \Exeunt all except Sound. I say. How say you. Lord Mortimer? Y. Nay. Arundel. My lord. Unhappy Gaveston. Be thou this night his in the : morning be gone. oath.

soldiers. The him that I watched it well. James. I see is your Ufe these arms pursue. Ghost. . Enter Warwick and Soldiers. SCENE I. No. /a?nes. Your lordship does idishonour to yourself. Strive My lord of Pembroke's men. make quick work. Go. James. you no longer — I will have that Gaveston. Weaponless must in I fall.' > AV. to your master. And wrong our lord. Speed to the king. War. it ! thus to wrong thy James. O treacherous Warwick friend. and other Attendants <?/" Pembroke. come away. your honourable friend. let Come. ' scene changes to another part of the country. Gav. thy shadow parley with King Edward. and tell Commend me My ' friend. Enter Gaveston mourning. take the We'll villain . it is my country's cause I follow.ACT THE THIRD. and die bands ? O ! must this all day be period of my life ? Centre of my bliss ! An ye be men. War.

pardon my speech Did you retain your father's magnanimity. sovereign. In mine own realm ? My lord. he is marked to die I know the malice of the younger Mortimer. and Soldiers with drums and fifes. I long to hear an answer from the barons Touching my friend. \_Exeunt. "^ K.SCENE 11. Edw. Ah ! Spencer. Y. and I shall never see My lovely Pierce of Gaveston again ! The barons overbear me with their pride. Away ! \_Exeunt Warwick and it Soldiers with Gaveston.. fellows. my dearest Gaveston. and Nobles of the King's side. this rage. no other king. Did you regard the honour of your name. arid let 1 them preach on poles The scene is near Boroughbiidge. and suffer uncontrolled These barons thus to beard me in my land. England's Son to the lovely Eleanor of Spain. booted not for us to strive. Edward and Young Spencer. not the riches of ! my realm ! Can ransom him ah. B B 2 . Spen. : You would Be not suffer thus your majesty counterbuft of your nobility. in Yorkshire. Strike off their heads. Warwick I know is rough. Great Edward Longshanks' would I bear These braves. shall I SECOND.] EDWARD THE earl. and Lancaster Inexorable. The king of Heaven perhaps. Baldock. Come. not see the king ? 371 Gav. James. Treacherous War. issue. We will in haste go certify our lord. SCENE Enter King II. Were I King Edward.

And daily will enrich thee with our favour. gentle Spencer. before your princely feet K. As though your highness were a schoolboy still. and what thou art. Spencer. on Not to be tied to their affection. Enter the Elder Spencer. Argues thy noble mind and disposition. unto us all. Welcome. again. father. this love. And must be awed and governed like a child. old man. Spen. my lord. in him. com'st thou aid? in Then tell thy prince of whence. Bound to your highness everlastingly. come person to your majesty. this kindness to thy king. Edw. in lieu of all your goodness shown. four hundred strong. such lessons they will teach the As by preachments they will profit much. Edw. . Baid. E. the noble ! Edward Edward's In peace triumphant. [act hi. Brown bills and targeteers. with his live friincheo?i and Soldiers. Spcn. His life. old man. And if they send it me not my Gaveston. Thy Y. Welcome ten thousand times. K. That pours. K. Yea. No doubt. Spencer. Spen. the father of Hugh Spencer there. rest. fortunate in wars K. Edw. For favour done. Too kind to them but now have drawn our sword.372 EDWARD THE their SECOND. Spencer ? an it like your grace. This haught resolve becomes your majesty their crest. E. Sworn I to defend in King Edward's royal right. Lo. Spencer. Edw. True. with a band of bowmen and of pikes. I here create thee Earl of Wiltshire. . We'll steel and poll their tops. And learn obedience to their lawful king. Long my sovereign. we have been too mild.

Madam. That Lord Valois our brother. . 373 That. lord. Beside. Ah. My lord. Than your charge committed to ! my trust. .] EDWARD THE SECOND. Commit not fits my youth things of more weight Than a prince so young as I to bear. what news Q. and thrice welcome all Y. see you bear you bravely to the king. Enter Queen Isabella. Q. Tush. — in this matter. K. a largess. Isab. Valois and I will soon be friends again. as the sunshine. Edw. lay it on. Heaven's great beams On Atlas' shoulder shall not lie shall more safe. and full of trust. here comes the queen. King of France. We employ you and your little son You shall go parley with the King of France. Spencer. ? News us.SCENE ir. And do P. Levune. friend Levune. of dishonour. Edw. the more to manifest our love. will Boy. your message with a majesty. K. to Edw. Because we hear Lord Bruce doth sell his land. boy fear this towardness makes thy mother Thou art not marked to many days on earth. : of us outbid the barons And. And that the Mortimers Thou shalt have crowns are in hand t' withal. shall reflect o'er thee. and Levune. Soldiers. lord and father. Sib. if this be all see. But to my Gaveston shall I never Never behold thee now ? Madam. and by words. Hath seized Normandy into his hands. Prince Edward. faithful Our Informeth by letters Because your highness hath been slack in homage. spare them not. Spen. And fear not. and discontent. this the messenger. These be the letters. Isab. Welcome.

Arun. ! leave. Or didst thou see Begirt with weapons for as he was surprised. I did your highness' message to them all Demanding him of them. Lord Arundel. Arundel. Unnatural wars.374 EDWARD THE will that SECOND. The " Earl of Pembroke mildly thus bespake lords. K. [act hi. and with enemies round. would undertake to carry him I Unto your highness. traitors ! have they put my friend to death? Tell me. my friend my lord to take his death ? And That upon the honour of my name. My because our sovereign sends for him. Spen. Yea. And Levune shall follow you With all the haste we can despatch him hence. K. for Gaveston is dead. . Yea. traitors all. Edw. And tell me. ? K. we you with speed be shipped. and to bring him back. Spencer. Ah. And go in peace. ! K. God end them once My lord. Edw. K. Edw. entreating rather. Arun. Mortimer hardly . \_Exit with Efiter Prince Edward. where subjects brave this our son . Choose of our lords to bear you company . my good lord. Edw. their king. Arundel. Neither. : Refusing to receive me pledge for him. Q. leave us in wars at home. Proud recreants said. would the rebels deny me that? Y. Pembroke and Lancaster Spake least and when they flatly had denied. Madam. died he ere thou cam'st. I found them at the first inexorable The Earl of Warwick would not bide the hearing. I take my To make my preparation for France. . Edw. Isab. dost thou come alone Arun. What.

Warwick And bare him to his death Strake oft" in . was the cause. And As If I I all the honours 'longing to my crown. The Earl of Warwick seized him on his way For being delivered unto Pembroke's men. the common mother of us all. And That stain so. Edward. Edw. in lakes of gore Your headless trunks. or shall I sigh and die My lord. ! Treacherous Warwick traitorous and towers! Mortimer ! — [Rises. my royal my bloody standard with the same. Y. Arun. and quaff in blood. and by my father's sword. Spen. By Heaven. as many castles. came not ? Some treason.SCENE II. 3^5 And promiseth he shall be safe returned. be England's king. bloody part. flatly 'gainst Y. By this right hand. villains." it K. that You have slain my Gaveston ! . towns.] EDWARD THE SECOND. in the field. O shall I speak. and have manors. I will have heads. K. lives for him. ! Let them not unrevenged murder your friends Advance your standard. Their lord rode home thinking his prisoner safe lay. your bodies will I trail. That you may drink your fill. Edw. hearten up your men . Spen. or some villany. [kneeling\. By earth. A law of arms ! K. and all the moving orbs thereof. Well. and how fortunes Y. And march to fire them from their starting holes. refer your vengeance to the sword ! Upon these barons . colours may suggest Remembrance of revenge immortally On your accursed traitorous progeny. ambush his and in a trench head. But ere he came. that he And see him re-delivered to your hands. Edw. and marched unto the camp. to have him hence. I will this undertake. Spen.

adopt thee here And merely of our love we do create thee Earl of Gloucester. say thy message. as plainer to your grace. live King Edward. And honour and of Spencer. Edw. And have old servitors in high esteem. To cherish virtue and nobility. England's lawful K. A ranker rout of rebels never was. a messenger from the barons Despite of times. Are to your highness vowed and ! consecrate. And shake off smooth dissembling flatterers This granted. tarry no answer. Admit him near. Her. that sent thee Thou com'st from Mortimer and his 'complices. And That bid if me say. your diadem. whose golden leaves Empale your princely head. here's Desires access unto your majesty. despite of enemies. without effusion of blood You have ease and remedy. Away. Long his coat of arms. [act ill. K. will they appoint their sovereign . with Her. they. So wish not they. Whose brightness such pernicious upstarts dim. trust. Edw. but be gone Rebels. their honours. Well. and Lord Chamberlain. That deads the royal vine. My lord. Say they . traitors will they display their pride ? ! K. sweet Spencer. I wis. and their lives. That from your princely person you remove will this grief This Spencer. Edw. by me salute Your highness with long life and happiness . Enter the Herald. Spen.376 EDWARD THE in this place of I SECOND. and lovingly advise your grace. Y. still Y. as a putrifying branch. Spen: Ah. lord ! hither. The barons up in arms.

or Warwick's sword . good hearts. I doubt it not.] EDWARD THE how SECOND. to thy lords. This day Why do we sound retreat ? upon them. Spencer from me. get thee gone Edward with fire and sword follows at thy heels. Mor. Yet. Y. [Exeunt. Away For now. My lords. the Elder Spencer. Spen. we march to make them stoop. Till And there let him be company. shall smite in vain. And shall. Spen. Alarums. is Edward Among Lan. —Now get thee And tell them I will come to chastise them For murdering Gaveston . rebels. King Edward. E. ere thou go. right will prevail. with sweat and dust horse and man. right. for either part To breathe awhile our men.SCENE His II. Young side. yonder his flatterers. e. All choked well near. even now. perceive you how these rebels swell defend your sovereign's ? Soldiers. Here come the Enter Young Mortimer. And do confront and countermand their king. Lancaster. within. a great fight. ! and a Re-enter retreat sounded. Edw. Y. Look. ! [Exit Herald. begin to faint for heat And this retire refresheth Y.xcursions. lords ! I shall pour vengeance with my sword On those proud rebels that are up in arms. hie thee. his pleasures. Spen. Warwick. Spencer. see and his company ? I do divorce [Embraces Spencer. my liege. and Noblemen of the King's K. my lord. . he pay dearly for their War. and others. Pembroke. Lancaster. 377 sports. 'Tis not amiss.

But ^ justice of the quarrel - now. Saint George for England. not by chance of war. To appease the wrath of their offended king.3/8 EDWARD THE What. George for England. Edward. bravest thou nobles thus ? E. [act III. Edw. and their trains. do you shrink and sound retreat ? Mor. and honourable deed.^ Barons and Kent. K. . Lan. traitors as they are. rather than thus be braved. Spen. A desperate and unnatural resolution Alarum to the fight St. Away. Edward. Exeunt the two parties severally. ! War. SCENE Enter King III. rebellious Lancaster ! Pem. thy flatterers faint and fly. Edward and lusty lords. thou wilt fight it to the last. Is it not. Y. Ay. Now. and ! King Edward's right. Traitor on thy face. his followers^ with the captives. traitors all. SECOND. For which ere long their heads shall satisfy. They'd best betimes forsake thee. rebels. base upstart. The scene another part of the battle-field. Make England's civil towns huge heaps of And ploughs to go about our palace-gates. is Stratagems. Edw. No. and the barons' right. Spen. Edw. K. Than banish that pernicious company ? K. A noble attempt. Y. Edw. no. trow ye. stones. {^Alarums. And levy arms against your lawful king ! K.* For they'll betray thee. and the cause. Y. to assemble aid. K. Mor. And rather bathe thy sword in subjects' blood. Then. Echv.

! K. unkind to thy nobility. was't When we had sent our messenger to request us. And Pembroke undertook That thou. and of thy land. So. I War. in regard of us. you roundly I charge — ofl" with both their heads ! Away War. take that haughty Mortimer to the Tower.SCENE Vailed III. . . Poor Pierce. And for the murder of my dearest friend. in regard of thee. England. scorn thy threats and menaces inflict. Accursed wretches. Did they remove K. Tyrant. Edw. ! farewell. Sweet Mortimer. As much It is as thou in rage outwent'st the rest. The worst death. sir. Edw. but temporal that thou canst is Lan. There see him safe bestowed . behold how thou art maimed K. But we'll advance them. traitors now 'tis time To be avenged on you for all your braves. vain world Lan. Warwick and Lancaster. watched the prisoner. and headed him 'gainst law of arms? For which thy head shall overlook the rest. 379 ' is methinks you hang the heads. presence ! you have spoke. He might be spared to come to speak with for his return. rebels recreants you made him away. Away with them. To whom right well you knew our soul was knit. that flatterer from thy throne. my lord of Winchester lusty leaders. proud Warwick.] EDWARD THE your pride . Brother. my sweet favourite. away. Groan for this grief. Go. and for the rest. Good Pierce of Gaveston. Edw. ! 1 Humbled. Y. Farewell. avoid our \Exit Kent. SECOND. Ah. and better die to live Than These live in infamy under such a king. Mor. . ! ! Kent.

That's these barons and the subtle queen Long levelled at. Have you no doubt. tears. thou seest These barons lay their heads on blocks together frustrates clean. \_The captive Barons are led off. Begone can ragged stony Y. 1 — Rule. Spen. that now in France Makes friends. Levune. shall That Isabel Y. Mor. it may not be Mortimer's hope surmounts his fortune far. the hangman Levune. Proclaim King Edward's wars and victories. Edw. Y. my clap so close Among the lords of France with England's gold.^ it Levune. Therefore begone in haste. Sound drums and trumpets ! March with me. \_Exennt all except Young Spencer. What. . K. but. iVnd France shall be obdurate with her Then make for France. make her plaints in vain. we repose in thee. and with advice Bestow that treasure on the lords of France. Bal. England's scourge. amain Levune. Spen. my Edward friends. the trust that Begets the quiet of King Edward's land. to cross the seas with her young son. I'll What they intend. all aid may be denied To Isabel. [act 111. therewith all enchanted. like the guard That suffered Jove to pass in showers of gold To Danae. Levune. lords. Do speedy execution on them all. and Baldock. That. And step into his father's regimen t. Mortimer Immure thy virtue that aspires to Heaven ? No.38o ' EDWARD THE ! SECOND. Levune. away \Exeunt. the queen. Edward. ! walls . Yea. this day hath crowned him king anew.

. Mor. blow gentle Edmund be ! arrived for England's good Nature. I But hath thy potion wrought so happily ? Y. a butcher of thy friends Proud Edward. my lord ? Ke7it. Enter Kent. And certify what Edward's looseness is.ACT THE FOURTH. I stay And cherish flatterers Thy sweet escape stand gracious. and cheer the wronged queen. It hath. SCENE ?ENT. yield in this. Mortimer. to my ! country's cause A brother ? no. ^ The scene is in the neighbourhood of the Tower of London. dost thou banish me thy presence But I'll to France. Holla ! who walketh 'tis there you. ! : night.^ Fair blows the wind for France. . Y. Enter Young Mortimer. . all asleep. gale. Till I. ? Mor. gloomy To his device. Is't disguised. Unnatural king to slaughter noblemen ! ? Mortimer. my lord the warders .

Enter Queen Isabella and Prince Edward. say you. what cheer ? Q. Madam. But hath your grace got shipping unto France ? Kent. win his highness quickly 'A loves me better than a thousand Spencers. thank them. father well. Ah. Isab. So pleaseth the queen. boy. all in France. ' my mother. The What F. gave me leave to pass in peace. sweet lady. [act iv. SCENE Q. Sir J. Unkind Valois Unhappy Isabel when France rejects. noble minds contemn will your grace with me to Hainault. ? And there stay time's advantage with your son How And F. at least in To think that we can yet be tuned together ! No. Isab. Isab. Ah. Sir/. . of the king's unkindness But droop not. nor so far distrest. I hear. will you go with your ? friends. Edw. I'll I warrant you. no. shall vft and the king unkind do ? return to England. this. [Exeunt. boy II. please And For my and then a fig all my uncle's friendship here in France. me it likes : The scene is in Paris. ! Whither.382 I EDWARD THE SECOND. lords are cruel. Ah ! good Sir John of Hainault. Fear it not. my all lord. Never so cheerless. thou art deceived. Q. shake off our fortunes equally Edw. oh ! whither dost thou bend thy steps ? Enter Sir John of Hainault.' ! our friends do fail us . Despair : madam . we jar too far. Madam.

good my lord. Not.SCENE II. Isab. son But. Isab. or very near your death. how do I moan ! thy wrongs. but. my joy Sir even to the utmost verge Hainault Of Europe. : Hath shaken And No. long may you Much happier than your friends in England do Q. That you were dead. Kent and Young Mortimer. ? will welcome me. advance your standard. Lancaster. ! Madam. Mortimer. all the new^s hard the nobles. are in France. . though a many friends Are made away. Y. as Warwick. gentle lords. But who are these Enter Ketit. We will with thee to is — so we will — : The marquis His grace. how unkind the king Hath showed himself. I dare presume. my gracious mother's side. Told us. my lord. Sir J. How . And then have at the proudest Spencer's head. right makes room Where weapons want and. lives ! P. O. Q. How mean you? and the king.] EDWARD THE me from SECOND. at Monsieur our Grand. Q. madam. the last was truest of the twain But Mortimer. Well said. or the shore of Tanais. Isab. a noble friend of yours. Mor. my sweet John ! heart. my lord. 383 The King Shall have Till I of England. not ! my Lord I. arrival. K Mor. reserved for better hap. Lord Edmund and Lord Mortimer ! alive ! Welcome to France the news was here. Lady. lives t' off the thraldom of the Tower. be strong enough to break a staff. friendless why not ? we le I would it were no worse. live. I trow. Ediv. sweet in the hope of thee. Yet triumph Ah. a noble gentleman . my father. nor the court of France.

Have been by thee restored and comforted. But by the sword. son. that are so forward in your aid. will ne'er forsake his flatterers.e. ' i. doubt ye not. \^Exeunt. in arms. and ctap ' hands foes. young prince ? what think you of the match P. forward born. their in England for joy. gentle brother . This noble gentleman. peace. 't must be deserved Kent. We will find men and friends Ere long. Y. . and you my lords. That England's queen. and the God of heaven Kent. Sir John of Hainault. assure SECOND. John of Hainault. For England's honour. I think King Edward will outrun us all. and nobles in distress. My lords of England. good Sir John. - . with her to Hainault comfort. along. to bid the English king a base. 3 i. Challenge an encounter. and quietness. Sir/. And others of our party and faction Yet have we your grace. my lord. be it thy renown.^ How say'st. not so. Would cast up caps. Q. sith th' ungentle king Of France refuseth to give aid of arms To this Go you distressed queen his sister here.e.384 EDWARD THE friends. and you must not discournge Your friends. appointed for our and Edward well reclaimed. Nay. with me. The king Sir J. Q. refers to the old game of prison bars or prisoner's base. [act iv. Earned. all Would were well. where a player runs out of bounds and challenges an opponent to pursue him. Madam. Mor. ? Edw. . Yea. K Was Sir Mor. The phrase . * Ready equipped. I pray These comforts that you give our woful queen Bind us in kindness all at your command. That England's peers may Hainault's welcome see. To see us there. pardon us. to be our anchor-hold. I see. money. Isab. Isab. Prosper your happy motion.

so they barked apace a month ago Now. with his friends uncontrolled ! My lord of Gloucester. for . Edw. K. And triumph. [Takes ihe note. 385 III. Now. Edw. : I trow The lords of France love England's gold so well As Isabella gets no aid from thence.~\ What have we there ? Read it. dost thou say . have you not ? Arun. my lord. Edw. What news. Arundel. sirs. [Hands the note to Young Spencer. If. they say there great execution Done through the realm my lord of Arundel. do you hear the news . on my life. E/iter King Edward. Edward. man. How now. I pray let us see it. Spen. From the Lieutenant of the Tower. Enter a Messenger. ? Spencer. they'll neither bark nor bite. as true as death. the news from France ? Gloucester. I doubt it not. %vho reads the names. . Thus after many threats of wrathful war. K. what news with thee ? ' from whence come these? Westminster. them can bring in Mortimer ? My lord. and the Elder and others} K. Spen. we have and if he be be had ere long.'' Y. Reward 'A will Y. You have the note. in England. Why. Triumpheth England's Edward with his friends .] EDWARD THE SCENE SECOND. lord ? is K. my . is an apartment in the king's palace at C C . Edw. Why. He is in England's ground our portmasters Are not so careless of their king's command. Younger Spencer. my lord. What now remains ? have you proclaimed.SCENE HI. The scene Mar. Spencer.

Your honour's ! in all service. winds. [reads]. Edw. And dusky night. madam. [^Gives letters to Young Spencer. " My duty to your honour premised. Letters. a God's name. and tidings forth of France — To you. Edw. from Levune. if John of Hainault. [act . ! "' Bristol." X. ' Come. SECOND. K. as constant report goeth. Levune. in rusty iron car. and others and. having in their company divers of your nation. brother to the With them are gone Lord marquis. through the sky. friends. As you injurious were to bear them forth [Exeunt. into Flanders. my lord of Gloucester. discontented and discomforted. Y. I have. villains hath that Mortimer escaped ? With him is Edmund gone associate ? And will Sir John of Hainault lead the round ? Welcome. &c. Ah. Read. Gallop apace. and effected. Spen. the news of import. sooner than he can look for them. but my little boy Is thus misled to countenance their ills. Edmund. to Bristow. with Sir . they intend to give King Edward battle in This is all England. ask. . nothing grieves me. and your son England shall welcome you and all your rout. . When we may meet these traitors in the field. Mess. bright Phoebus. that the queen. as equal be to bring them in. : you is gone whither. Between you both shorten the time. That I may see that most desired day. I pray. dealt with the King of France all his lords.386 EDWARD THE my lord. according to instructions in that behalf. And. and the Lord Mortimer.' there to make us strong. iv.. Ah.

SCENE IV. and their sides With their own weapons gore But what's the help Misgoverned kings are cause of all this wreck And. We come in arms to wreak it with the sword That England's queen in peace may repossess Here for our country's cause All homage. with prosperous winds Our kindest friends in Belgia have we left. Her dignities and honours : and withal treasury. Nay. our loving friends and countrymen. Slaughter themselves in others. Mor. Edward. ! ? Whose looseness hath betrayed thy land to spoil. thou art one among them all. Who made But thou Y. c c 2 . Welcome to England all. Young John ^Hainault. his queen and land. To cope with friends at home a heavy case ! . fealty. if you be a warrior. When In force to force civil broils and sword and glaive make kin and countrymen is knit. the channel overflow with blood .' Q. Sith that not grow so passionate in speeches. madam. lords. We may remove ^ these flatterers from the king. Sir Edward. Kent. Isab.] EDWARD THE SCENE SECOND. Of thine own people patron shouldst thou be. 387 IV. That havoc England's wealth and The scene is in the neighbourhood of Harwich. swear we to him and forwardness And for the open wrongs and injuries Edward hath done to us. and armed in this prince's right. You must Lords. Enter Queen Isabella. we are by sufferance of Heaven Arrived. Prince arid Mortimer. Now.

Sir J. ! Her friends Shape we our course to Ireland. thy sovereign. Dissemble. this princely resolution Fits not the time away ! we are pursued. this rage. lord. This way he ! fled. K. [Exeunt. but I am come too late. lord. Edward. and forward us Edward will think we come to flatter him. Edw. . Proud traitor. Borne arms against thy brother and thy king ? Rain showers of vengeance on my cursed head. whom in justice it belongs To punish unnatural revolt at thy life ! Edward. with thy sword ! Vile wretch and why hast thou. Baldock. What was I born to fly and run away. Kent. Edmund. then But. alas my heart relents for thee.388 EDWARD THE my march. there to breathe. Enter Kent. SCENE Y. my lord the queen is over-strong. this Mortimer aims ! O fly him. of all unkind. SECOND. Sound trumpets. Spen. Mortimer. V. why dost thou chase ? Thy lawful king. I would he never had been flattered more! \Exeunt. calm . And leave the Mortimers conquerors behind ? Give me my horse. target. Bald. do multiply.' Fly. [act let iv. and yours do fail. with sivord and Kent. no. fly. and let's reinforce our troops ! : And in this bed of honour die with fame. and Young Spencer. O my . or thou diest ^ for Mortimer The scene is in the neighbourhood of Bristol. to this Thou God. Euter King Edward.

? Nephew. ! Fie on that love that hatcheth death and hate Edmund. fittest my loving lords. in all. your father : I dare not call him king. Since then successfully you. in this. good uncle. we have prevailed. Deal you. Mor. : 389 And And Isabel do kiss. Of love and care unto his royal person. and Sir John ^Hainault. Tell me. Lord Warden of the realm. without offence. what Edward do you mean Kent. My lord. my noble lords. shall please. \Aside to the Madam. the Mayor of Bristow knows our mind. and sith the Have made his father so infortunate. Prince Edward. and Ere farther we proceed.] EDWARD THE SECOND. nor in ours. good to look to him betimes. Q. But as the realm and parliament So shall your brother be disposed of I like not this relenting 'tis mood in Edmund. Isab. Enter Queen Isabella. Y. We here create our well-beloved son. Madam. Isab. Thanked be Heaven's great architect. . My lord of Kent. Echv. while they conspire yet she bears a face of love forsooth. Young MoRTLMEK. Successful battle gives the God of kings To them that fight in right and fear his wrath. As to your wisdoms seems Kepit. Queen. away Is false . fates my lords. what needs these questions? 'Tis not in her controlment. if I may ask.SCENE v. Q. ! Bristow to Longshanks' blood for suspect : be not found single Proud Mortimer pries near unto thy walks. How will you deal with Edward in his fall ? F.

Isab. doubt not. shipped but late for Ireland with the king. Y. But where's the king and the other Spencer fled ? nice. That. Present by me this traitor to the state. In sign of love and duty to this presence. madam. shall be started thence. fetch And Y. Spencer the son. I rue my lord's ill-fortune but alas ! Care of my country called me to this war. my lord ? Sir /. We thank you all. Yea. chased from bounds. [act easily iv. Revelled in England's wealth and treasury. muse ? Q. . created Earl of Gloucester. have done with care and sad complaint . the father to that wanton Spencer. Is with that smooth-tongued scholar Baldock gone. Baldock A goodly chancellor. K That Mor. nice. Q. Kent. save Queen Isabel. Spencer. Mor. Enter Rice ap Howell. and they 'scape not with the king. Q. Shall I not see the king my father yet? England's Kent. what why stand you in a . God the ! Madam. is is SECOND. Edward is the ruin of the realm. So are the Spencers. Some whirlwind all ! — them back it or sink them [Aside. Y. Isab. I They P. Madam. Madam. the father and the son. Isab. Sir J. Your loving care in this Deserveth princely favours and rewards. This he not. 7vith the Elder Spencer prisoner. Mor. Mor.39P EDWARD THE fled the field. like the lawless Catiline of Rome. resteth. Edw. Unhappy Edward. and Attendants. and her princely son mayor and citizens of Bristow. [Aside.

SCENE Enter the VI. 391 Your king hath wronged your country and And we must seek to right it as we may. Edw. as have your majesty in chase. Meanwhile. As danger of this stormy time requires. madam. and Yourself. have you no fear As silent we fell will be. have hence this rebel tb the block. K. Young Spencer. O ! hadst thou ever been a king. and Baldock {the three latter disguised)} Abbot. To keep Of such your royal person safe with invasion Free from suspect. Monks. To follow these rebellious runagates. .] EDWARD THE SECOND. Spencer. Shall do good service to her majesty. and those your chosen company. he prates [Exeunt Attendants zvith the Elder Spencer. You. thy face should harbour no deceit. Abbot. King Edward. Spen.SCENE VI. us. must take advice. my lord . We in meanwhile. K Mor. The scene is in the abbey of Neath. E. Rice ap Howell. Pierced deeply with a sense of my distress. Being of countenance in your country here. How Baldock. Take him away. Rebel is he that fights against the prince So fought not they that fought in Edward's right. Have you no and as careful doubt. himself. thy heart. Could not but take compassion of 1 my state. and their complices. May in their fall be followed to their end. [Exeunt. Father.

Y. my lord And all the land I know up in arms. Do you betray us and our company. . this life contemplative life Heaven. Edw. gentle monks. are chased and you. I is SECOND. and my dishonour they pursue. Yet. [act I v. on thy lap Bald. Not one alive. come. Monk. and full of pomp But what he whom . in train. gold nor fee. Arms that pursue our lives with deadly hate. Spen. — Baldock. if none but we Your lives Do wot of your abode. Spen. this drowsiness Betides no good here even we are betrayed. powerful. in our famous nurseries of arts Thou suck'dst from Plato and from is Aristotle. my lord. Your grace may sit secure. O might ! Look . in riches and Whilom was. Baldock. laden with mickle care. wretched we With awkward winds and sore tempests driven To fall on shore. ! never open these eyes again Never again lift up this drooping head O never more lift up this dying heart Y. I suspect A gloojny fellow in a mead is 'A gave a long look after us. P'ather. my friends. K. Spencer come. but shrewdly below. up. ! O that I might this alas ! in quiet lead . ! Lay I this I head. and here to pine in fear Of Mortimer and his confederates. That bloody man ? Good father. rule and empery Have not in life or death made miserable? sit Come. down by me Make That trial now of that philosophy. But we. Mortimer who talks of Mortimer ? Who wounds me with the name of Mortimer. ! We were embarked for Ireland.392 Stately EDWARD THE and proud. for treasure.

Rice ap Howell. \_Aside. Leicester. . Hunc dies vidit fugiens jacentem. all earth Centre of misfortune ! O my stars. Quern dies vidit veniens siiperbum. them may become thee yet To let us take our farewell of his grace. Stand not on 'Tis in the but obey the arrest.e. Abbot. Spen. Fellow. my company this from me ? friends ! Here. 613. ah. The queen's commission. in Isabella's Comes take my life. Leices. name Why To do you lour unkindly on a king ? Leicester. O day the last of all my bliss on lord.'^ But. — My lord. A king to bear these words and proud commands. why droop you thus ? K. Away It with Y. K. A fair commission warrants what we do. thus then must we ' part ? Tliyestes. by no I otiier narties. do arrest you of high treason titles. with Welsh hooks. these be the men ye seek. life.] EDWARD THE SECOND. " i. Too true it is. 393 Enter. I pray be short. Spencer. and hopes unseen To escape their hands that seek to reave his life. Upon my Rice. urged by Mortimer. Edw. My heart with pity earns" to see this sight. And take my heart in rescue of my Rice. a Mower. leave to grow so passionate. here. My name of Isabel the queen. Mow. and Leicester. rip up panting breast of mine. Spencer and Baldock.SCENE VI. Edw. enough. Yearns. sweet Spencer. What cannot gallant Mortimer with the queen ? Alas ! see where he sits. then. Seneca. man.

Here is a litter ready for your grace. fire. A litter hast thou ? lay me in a hearse. so is thine. Bald. with my friends. thou stay'st for me. I fear me. as stay and be benighted. and the day grows old. farewell. Edw. Edw. be : shall be. As good be gone. . \Exeiint Y. . that shorter by the heads. My lord. And For hags howl for friends hath my death at Charon's shore. . Spen. Life. Must! it is somewhat hard. Nay. Edw. part we must Hence feignbd weeds ! unfeigned are my woes . shall part we must Sweet Spencer. [act iv. Leicester. farewell ! Leicester. what shall become of us ? Leices. Here humbly of your grace we take our leaves Our lots are cast . when kings must go. And go I must. Spen. forsake thy orb Kenil worth. Well. Y. Father. so will hell and cruel Mortimer The gentle Heavens have not to do in this. Edward none but be going And these must die under a tyrant's sword. That waits your pleasure. he gone ? is noble Edward gone ? ? Parted from hence never to see us more ! ? ! Rend. We must. Edw. care not for these. K. it is in vain to grieve or storm. In Heaven we may. Edtv. My lord. For we shall see them K. Your majesty must go to Killingworth. so will the angry Heavens. Let Pluto's bells ring out my fatal knell. sphere of Heaven ' and. these. my lord. K. Rice. yrhroivs off his disguise. . say. Rice.394 EDWARD THE SECOND. K. O ! is King Edward and Leicester. And to the gates of hell convey me hence Leices. gentle Baldock. in earth ne'er shall we meet And.' K.

melt to air gone is my sovereign. return. Remember thee. Come. Make for a new life. to die. man throw up thy eyes. come. will your lordships Spencer.] EDWARD THE ! SECOND. . keep these preachments till you come to the place appointed. . 395 Earth. . . see our souls are fleeting hence life : We are deprived the sunshine of our . Spencer. sweet Spencer. Rice. have made wise work in England . will ! remember me else ? ? what Follow me [Exeunt. therefore all live live we all and rise to fall. Gone. alas ! never to I make Bald. gone. Your lordship. Ei'ce.SCENE VI. You. And heart and hands to Heaven's immortal throne Pay nature's debt with cheerful countenance Reduce we all our lessons unto this. and such as you are. away? Mow. I trust. To die. fellow to the town.

And that you lay for pleasure here a Not of compulsion or necessity. forest deer. scene is an apartment in Kenilworth Castle. Be patient. He rends and tears it with his wrathful paw. Dittany.^ EICES. SCENE I. [space. if gentle words might comfort me. fares with me. a species of Origanum. the Bishop of Winchester. Enter King Edward. and Trussel. - The being struck. Edw. Should drink so it mounts up to the air. But not of kings. when the imperial lion's flesh is gored. men are soon allayed. Thy The speeches long ago had eased griefs of private my sorrows For kind and loving hast thou always been. Imagine Killingworth Castle were your court.ACT THE FIFTH. Runs to an herb that closeth up the wounds But. cease to lament. Leicester. good my lord. Leicester. K. And And The 1 highly scorning that the lowly earth his blood. whose dauntless mind ambitious Mortimer would seek to curb. - The . Elizabethan poets often allude to the supposed virtues of this herb.

when regiment is gone.SCKNK I. but nuptial am controlled by them. it is for England's And For But princely Edward's right 'tis we crave the crown. survives. I bear the name of king . By Mortimer. wear the crown. B. Which if moment proud Mortimer do wear crown. must I now resign my crown. am I soaring up to Heaven. Who spots my Whilst I bed with infamy this am lodged within cave of care. . Methinks I should revenge me of my wrongs. To make usurping Mortimer a king? .] EDWARD THE SECOND. Where sorrow at my elbow still To company my heart with sad laments. But when I call to mind I am a king. not Edward's head abridge his this encompassed by wolves. Engirt the temples of his hateful head . of Will. That thus hath pent and mewed me in a prison For such outrageous passions cloy my soul. . But tell me. That bleeds within me for this strange exchange. 1 But Edward's name though Edward dies. But what are kings. Your grace mistakes good. Edw. No. he's a lamb. As with the wings of rancour and disdain. But perfect shadows in a sunshine day ? ' My I nobles rule. false Isabel. attends. 397 And that unnatural queen. To plain me to the gods against them both. Full often That Mortimer and Isabel have done. So shall not England's vine be perished. in a for Mortimer. . Rule. will life. fire ! Heavens turn it to a blaze of quenchless Or like the snaky wreath of Tisiphon. K. and my unconstant queen.

silent night possess this clime : you watches of the element All times and seasons. Continue ever thou Let never Stand still sun . In which extreme my mind here murdered is. Two kings in England cannot reign at once. strange despairing thoughts. take my crown . EDWARD THE My lord. SECOND. wear my crown again ! \He puts on What. the latest honour due to jointly And both yield up their wished celestial right. it. let me be king till night.398 Leices. Which fills my mind with Foolishly. and uiltless life. My head. I'll ! See. rest you at a stay. That I may gaze upon this glittering crown . [act ? v. why waste you thus the time away They stay your answer. And needs I must resign my wished crown. That Edward may be still fair England's king But day's bright beam doth vanish fast away. Inhuman creatures ! nursed with tiger's milk ! Why My gape you for your sovereign's overthrow diadem I mean. see. . Ah. 2 ^ ^ ^ q^^^ ^^^^ . will you yield your crown I ? K. weigh how hardly can brook To To lose my crown and kingdom without cause give ambitious Mortimer my right. But stay awhile. the life of Edward too \Taking of the crown. Edw. monsters. That like a mountain overwhelms my bliss. you not the fury of your king ? But. I must obey Here. . They pass not to " for thy frowns as late they did. Leicester. thou art fondly' led fear the crown. But what the heavens appoint. So shall my eyes receive their last content. But seek make a new-elected king . hapless Edward.

for rather ! than shed a I'll tear. I And And in this none. Call thou them back. Traitors. install. Call them again. the parliament must have present news. will you resign or no ? [^The King ! rageth. Edw. He of you will all that most desires my blood. being turned to steel. If he be not. let him choose. Edw. are you moved ? pity you me Then send for unrelenting Mortimer. \jGives the Here. My lord. I feel the therefore let crown upon my head me wear it yet awhile. here crown. do what you will : Their blood and yours shall seal these treacheries ! B. these innocent hands of mine Shall not be guilty of so foul a crime. and speak them fair to speak. sweet God of Heaven. ? no. This answer Leices. K. .SCENE I. B. O would I might but heavens and earth ! conspire To make me Receive it miserable ! Here receive my crown . What. And sit for aye enthronized in Heaven ! . For if they go. conspire. Now. Make me despise this transitory pomp. I have no power Leices. And therefore say. lord.] EDWARD THE torment comfort find SECOND. the prince shall lose his right. of Win. K. of Win. ? Take it. we'll return. And be called the murderer of a king. ! be gone and join you with Mortimer Elect. whose eyes. the king is willing to resign. than look on them. my and so farewell \Going with Trussel. My lord. fire Will sooner sparkle stay. but whilst I live be king. 399 Which thoughts are martyred with endless torments. Ediv. But that Trus. And Yet Isabel. I'll not resign. K.

Edw. My lord. v. Another post ! what news brings he I K. Or if I death. Unless Trus.s as expect — come. my son. of Win. my lord ? . and welcome be . it be with too much clemency ? And thus most humbly do we take our leave. let SECOND. Leices. And tell thy message to my naked Berk. Enter Berkeley. And who must keep me now ? Must you. and dried again with sighs [ Gives a handkerchief. come. away — out of my sight ! Let not that me lunatic Mortimer protect my son . Farewell \Exeunt the Bishop <?/" Winchester and Trussel. If with the sight thereof she be not moved. To do your highness service and devoir. My lord. breast. the council of the queen commands Can harbour That I resign my charge. Edw. death is felicity. K.400 EDWARD THE live. Come. Such new. and with thy fingers close my me forget myself. pardon me grief makes : . rule 'Return it back and dip to it in my blood. and bid him Yet how have I transgressed. Commend me Better than I. 7vho gives a paper Leices. B. My lord— K. And save you from your foes. Than his embracements. To wretched men. think not a thought so villainous in a man of noble birth. K. Berkeley would die. Berkeley. Bear this to the queen. it Will be my death . Wet with my tears. Edw. I know the next news that they bring shall. [act eyes. to Leicester. More safety there is in a tiger's jaws. Edw. Call me not lord Ah.

to Berkeley K. my soul as I use him. And he himself lies in captivity. Not yet. and we ' will rule the realm. and I can die but once. I'll bear you on your way. That death ends all. Your grace must hence with me straight. And that's the cause that I am now removed. now have we our desire The proud corrupters of the light-brained king Have done their homage to the lofty gallows. Favour him. Edw. K. And every earth is fit for burial. my lord. And thinks your grace that Berkeley will be Leices.] EDWARD THE SECOND. Y. Edw. my lord . Whither you will . is — written here I 1 Well may rend his name that rends my heart [Tears it. Berk. [E<xetmt. Enter Queen Isabella and Young Mortimer.'] By Mortimer. [taking the paper. Even so betide cruel? K. all places are alike. The scene is an apartment in the royal palace. and grant it too Berk. . as much as lieth in you. K. Mor. I know not but of this am I assured.SCENE II. Berk. Mine enemy hath pitied my estate. whose name Berk. Be ruled by me. immortal Jove. Leicester. Edw. So may his limbs be torn. 401 my most gracious lord so 'tis decreed. as -is this paper Hear me. Edw. This poor revenge has something eased my ! ! mind. . Ay. farewell Leices. D i. SCENE II. . Fair Isabel. Mar.

Alas. ? Q. will seize upon us both.402 EDWARD THE SECOND. \To the Messenger. From Killingworth. if he slip. Further. of Win. Etiter Letters ! Messenger. How my lord the king full Mess. my son. . poor soul.] be gone. therefore. And me alone to handle him. Isab. Whom And Y. Sweet Mortimer. Thanks. I esteem as dear as these mine eyes. In health. Be thou persuaded that I love thee well. . O happy news send for the prince. And that I be protector over him . then First let would I hear news he were deposed. Q. will willingly subscribe. Think madam. the of Isabel. of Win. \Exit Messenger. And therefore. so the prince I my son be safe. Isab. For our behoof will bear the greater sway shall Whenas a king's name be under life writ. Q. Q. B. from whence ? Mess. or this letter was sealed. B. but of pensiveness. Sirrah. Mor. that imports us much To erect your son with all the speed we may. madam. So he now is gone from Killingworth And we have heard that Edmund laid a plot that . [act v. fear. being griped himself. his father Conclude against myself what thou wilt. Isab. fares my lord. And gripe the sorer. That. gentle Winchester. In any case take heed of childish For now we hold an old wolf by the ears. would I could ease his grief Enter the Bishop ^Winchester with the crown. The king hath willingly resigned his crown. Lord ! Berkeley came. Isab.

Speak. Q. write a letter presently Unto the lord of Berkeley from ourself to thee That he resign the king and Gurney our name. safety rests for us. Mor. the king removed. But. As thou intend'st to rise by Mortimer. And none What Y. or for my son ? Mor. : Y. Mor. Isab. warrant you. Y. Y. we shall know where he Heth. my lord. Enter Matrevis Y. My lord.SCENE II. Enough. 403 To set his brother free no more but so. Let me ? alone. Writes.] EDWARD THE . Gur. * Plots. Mortimer. Y. Gurney. so 'twere not by ' my means. Seek all the means thou canst to make him droop. Q. as long as he survives. we will subscribe It shall be done. Mor. Then let some other be his guardian. Matrevis. here is the privy seal: \Exit the Bishop ^Winchester.e. The lord of Berkeley is as pitiful As Leicester that had charge of him before. and Gurney. '^ hear ' i. [ And when Mat. die? I shall he presently be despatched and Q. Mor. Gur. Sir John Maltravers. Mor. drift. To dash the heavy-headed Edmund's but Berkeley shall be discharged. Who now makes Fortune's wheel turn as he please. Isab. Who's there — Call hither Gurney and Matrevis. \^To Attendants within. my lord. That And this above the rest because we Edmund casts to work his liberty. 'tis done. would he were. D D 2 . SECOND. Isab. And neither give I him kind word nor good look.

And mine.404 EDWARD THE still SECOND. post thitherwards amain. Mat. How ? fares my honourable lord of Kent ? Kent. Use Edmund friendly as if all were well. j Kent. Do look to be protector o'er the prince. So now away. a?id Y. Q. Mor. Ah. Kent talking ivith him. \Exit ivith Gurney. Do so still. my lord. But amplify his grief with bitter words. Mat. Well. You being his uncle. Isab. Y. I will. And tell him that I labour all in vain To ease his grief. [ Gives a ring. I must talk with thee. madam. Mor. Fear not. Speak Let no curstly to him . Sweet son. come hither. to Killingworth. In health. Y. Our plots and stratagems will soon be dashed. If he have such access unto the prince. to make him fret the more. Kent. they do dissemble \Aside. Here comes Mor. [act v. Isab. Isab. The more my grief. Q. Remove him from place to place by night. Y. Isab. Till at the last he come And then from thence to Berkeley back again And by the way. Finely dissembled. . and the next of blood. Q. Y. Mor. Something he whispers in his childish ears. Mor. Q. Q. sweet queen. I hear of late he hath deposed himself. if my lord your brother were enlarged. Enter Prince Edward. and if in any case man comfort him he chance to weep. Isab. Y. . grace sweet Mortimer : how fares your Q. the young prince with the Earl of Kent. Isab. Mor. and work his liberty And bear him this as witness of my love. we'll do as you command. Whither goes this letter? to my lord the king? Commend me humbly to his majesty.

not we Isabel is nearer than the Earl of Kent. Isab. My lord. who I should protect the son. for it Q. But he repents. Isab. Edward is my son. Ediv. Not my lord . ! P. and then I will. Brother friends Mortimer strive will . uncle Kent Q. Edw. But she P. Brother. Mor. are his Edmund. Q. redeem him. Ediv. With you Y. Isab. Kent. mean the queen. Kent. 405 Kefit. son. persuade me not to wear the crown that gave him I life ? : Let him be king Q. Inconstant Edmund. — am too young to reign. Mor. God Kent. And P. youngling. now. Ay. Sister. SECOND. That wast a cause of his imprisonment ? Kent. Mother. 'tis But be content. mer ? I will carry thee thou so of Morti- Then by force away. and go with this me. and I will keep him. gentle lord and P. I would those words proceeded from your heart. is know ? it is impossible.] I tell thee. you P. sweet nephew. wrong me. Isab. Edw.] EDWARD THE I. Edio. Why. and sorrows Come. Help. Let me but see him first. Mortimer shall know that he hath wronged me ! . Edw. Kent. Y. Q. he hath betrayed the king his brother. The more cause have I now to make amends. Y. he dead forbid. dost thou favour him. 'tis not meet that one so false Should come about the person of a prince. Isab. Isab. No. 'sdain'st Mor. do. seeing his highness' P. therefore trust him not. [Aside to Q. Edward is my charge.SCENE II. but not with Mortimer. Why. Isab. pleasure. Q. I will.

. we are your friends lives. K. Enter Matrevis and Gurney and Soldiers. [act v. Friends.^ Mat. This usage makes my misery to increase. — dalliance dangereth our ? K. my liege. But can When Where all my air of life continue long my senses are annoyed with is stench ? Within a dungeon England's king I kept. It is the chiefest mark they level at. To be revenged on Mortimer and thee. Exeiint on one side Queen Isabella. all Whose loathsome to of his winged fowls ? When When If will the fury mind assuage ? will his heart will serve. and Young Mortlmer on the other Kent. Edw. \_Aside. . And give my heart to Isabel and him . Prince Edward. Gnr. Therefore come. Hence Killingworth Castle. mine be satisfied with blood ? unbowel straight this breast. the in safety queen hath given .4o6 EDWARD THE will I haste to SECOND. SCENE III. this charge To keep your grace Your passions make your dolours to increase. am ' starved for want of sustenance. Edxv. Not so. . . be not pensive. The scene is within Kenilworth castle. whither must unhappy Edward go Will hateful Mortimer appoint no rest ? Must I be vexbd sight is like the nightly bird. Men are ordained to live in misery. zvith King Edward. And rescue aged Edward from his foes. My lord.

'Twixt theirs and yours shall be no enmity. for them I'll die. Immortal powers ! that knows the painful cares soul. liege and sovereign. ! And clear ray body from foul excrements Mat. We'll enter in by darkness to Killingworth. for we'll be barbers to your grace. Lest you be known and strive Mat. No .Kennel. Edw. ! For me. water. then tush. But Why so be rescued. ' O. for thee that I am wronged. The wren may strive against the all in lion's strength. That almost rent the closet of ray heart Thus lives old Edward not relieved by any. as the " old king. ! is given .SCENE III. 1 Stow often speaks of Edward he was only forty-three . but wash your face. though pitied by many. you thus ? your labour is in vain ! K. gutter. wherever they remain. come away now put the torches out. . Come. will you murder me. That wait upon my poor distressed O level all your looks their 'tis That wrongs upon these daring men. Or choke your sovereign with puddle water ? Gur. and shave away your beard. And so must die. at the II.water. both thou and both the Spencers died And for your sakes a thousand wrongs I'll take. Traitors. Here's channel . England's king ! O Gaveston. well to mine . Edtv. K. to cool ray thirst." although time of his murder. [ They wash him with puddle water. Mat. The Wish Spencers' ghosts. vain : so vainly do I strive To seek for mercy at a tyrant's hand. gentle friends. as your charge Sit down. and shave off his beard. . 407 My daily diet heart-breaking sobs. away what.] EDWARD THE is SECOND.

to the court Kent. IV. lords keep courts. Edmund. Kent. Kent. Kent. ? Gur. O gentle brother. Lay down your weapons. Edw.* Mor. Base villains. or Mortimer goes down : . yield thou thyself. [act v. with King Edward. or thou shalt die. Keep them asunder . The scene is an apartment in the royal palace. Guard the king sure it is the Earl of Kent. sirs. for it pay when do it his son's of age And therefore will I 1 cunningly. even to my death. Kent. Seeing that my brother cannot be released. commonweal. Thither shall your honour go and so farewell. The court is where Lord Mortimer remains . wherefore do you gripe me thus Gur. ? Where is the court but here . thrust in the king. Ay. Lay hands upon the earl for his assault. Enter Young Mortimer. lead me whither you will. Kent. [Exeunt. help to rescue me Mat. let me but talk to him one word.4o8 EDWARD THE Etiter SECOND. traitors ! yield the king ! Mat. ? here is the king . SCENE Y. And I will visit him why stay you me ? . who comes there : Mat. Gur. ! K. Kent. How now. \Exeunt Matrevis and Gurney. O miserable is that Where Sol. The commons now Yet he Is sure to begin to pity him the cause of Edward's death. and kings are locked ? in prison ! Wherefore stay we on. The king must that is die. Mat. Soldiers. . Bind him and so convey him to the court.

Relent ha. 'Tis not the I learned in Well. You shall not need to give instructions I first time have killed a man." : But read ** it thus. good to fear the worst. 409 letter. What my lord ? and died. Light. ! thou wilt relent. come forth ! Enter Lightborn. pierce the windpipe with a needle's point whilst one a is asleep. and none shall know which way he else. Y. do it bravely. Light. " Edwardum occidere nolite timere. And we Within be quit that caused to be done. Contains his death. rest this room is locked the messenger That shall convey it. ay. Y. yet bids them save his life. Lightborn. bonwn est Fear not to kill the king. ? far more resolute. Matrevis and the rest may bear it the blame. chance to be found. and 'tis that's another sense Edwardum as occidere ?iolite. And hast thou cast ^ how to accomplish it ? Light. thus shall if it go. That. written by a friend of ours. Mor. I^ightborn. . \_Jieads. and perform the And by a secret token that he bears. Art thou so resolute as thou wast Light. 'tis good he die. K Mor. secret.SCENE This IV. ha ! I use much and be to relent. being dead. . Shall he be murdered when the deed is done.] EDWARD THE SECOND. But at his looks. tintere bonum est Kill not the king. to take a quill And blow little powder ^ in his ears : Contrived. Ay. Naples how to poison flowers To To Or strangle with a lawn thrust down the throat ." it Unpointed it is. Mor.

lExit. Unless thou bring Light. Or open mouth and pour quicksilver down. make all the court look pale. Take this . Farewell. Whose looks were as a breeching to a boy. I seal. — let me be feared. the queen do And with a lowly conge to the ground. yet have a braver way than these. the king Mine enemies will I plague. none shall know my Y. view the prince with Aristarchus' eyes. tricks. No! Mor. it Snscepi that provinciam as they term And am Protector now. . I is all my friends. Deliver this to Gurney and Matrevis. And not unlike a bashful puritan. The prince I rule.4IO EDWARD THE his I SECOND. Mor. ! Light. Light. it is Saying Till onus quam gravissimum . They thrust upon me the protectorship. . being interrupted by to conclude. Mor. my I lord. Y. Y. so be not spied. I cancel. Now sure : the queen and Mortimer . While at the council-table. I do what I will. Shairrule the realm. The proudest Feared am And when I I I lords salute me as I pass . [act v. care not how it is. grave enough. \^Gives letter. That will I quickly do. What's that ? you shall pardon me it . I Mor. At every ten mile end thou hast a horse. my and none rules us. more than loved frown. First I complain of imbecility. And Y. command. Nay. friends advance . \_Gives money'] away and never see me more. And sue to me for that that I desire. . me news of Edward's death. No .

'A would have taken the king away perforce. here's to Q. As we were bringing him to Killingworth. 195. now take him to your charge. he is our king. The scene is now Westminster. Strike off his vi. by the grace of God. I am the champion that will combat him. Metam. I did . Third. Edmund. Turk. of Catit. the queen. . Did you attempt his rescue. The trumpets sound. Soldiers. head - ! he shall have martial law. Queen Isabella. ! [ Trumpets sound. Archbishop of Canterbury. Y. Y. None comes. Champion and Nobles. \_Gives a purse. What hath he done ? Sol. Long live King Edward. I \Trumpets within. or Jew. Champion. dare control ? 411 And what And It command who Major sum qnam pleaseth me. Enter Y. Isab. K. Mor. K. at Ovid.] EDWARD THE I list SECOND. Edmund ? speak. Mor. If any Christian. and Isabel.SCENE IV. And will avouch his saying with the sword. Mor. Mortimer. Dare but affirm that Edward's not true king. King of England and Lord of Ireland Cham. Enter King the must go take my Edward the Third. Edw. Kent.3 A. 1 thou compell'st this prince to wear the crown. What bills? have we there with blades and Sol. sound trumpets. Lord Mortimer. cui possit fortima 7wcere} that this be the coronation-day. ivith traitor ^^^t prisoner. thee. the Earl of Kent. Edtv. Mor. Third. And Y. place. Heathen.

At our command. K. Ed7V. and yet methinks I should command But. him. I [act v. Third. Isab. he is my uncle. and shall live. He a traitor . think not on loim . Sweet mother. defy thee ! Kent. Kent. often shall I bid you bear ? him hence ? die at thy Kent. Nor I. he would have sought thy death. Edtv. Third. my Lord Protector for his . Third. Isab. thirst for Edmund's blood you hale : whither will me ? [Soldiers hale Kent away. K. I will requite when I come to age. Edw. for K How Y. traitor. \ Exeunt. My lord. K. Y. to be beheaded. Ediv. 'Tis for your highness' good. Third. your enemy. If that my uncle shall be murdered thus ? Q. And none of both them And therefore. more away with not go. — Once . Q. Entreat if I cannot pardon him. My lord. I'll entreat for him My lord. Isab. Son. . sweet boy. we'll ride a-hunting in the park. Strike off base K. Mor. Stay.412 EDWARD THE my head is ! SECOND. Kent. What safety may I look for at his hands. foes I'll guard thee from thy Had Edmund lived. Fear not. son. be content I dare not speak a word. Let me but stay and speak is I will Either my brother or his son king. life. soldiers. and the realm's. Edw. seeing I cannot. ride Come. he ! Mor. if you it will let my uncle live. Art thou king must I command ? Mor. and shall die. Third. come. villains K. And shall my uncle Edmund with us ? is Q.

The scene is within Berkeley castle. "The "moves . What's here I know not how to construe it. and Mat.i Enter Matrevis and Gurney. ancient or modern." . Gur. Gur. Being in a vault I wonder the king dies not. make away the king. ^ And when pity death-scene of Marlowe's King.^' That's his meaning. From whence a damp continually ariseth. Matrevis : yesternight 1 opened but the door to throw him meat. He hath a body able to endure : Let us More than we can inflict and assail his mind another therefore while. Ay. occidere nolite twiere. I thought as much. Know ye this token ? I must have the have answer king.^ Mat. But stay. Light. now anger him. [Aside. My Lord Protector ? greets you. Send for him out thence.SCENE v. Edwardum Light. '" it was left unpointed for the nonce . Mat." said Charles Lamb. who's this ? I will Enter Lightborn. 413 V. Mat. Mat. with which I am acquainted. Much more a king brought up so tenderly. up to the knees in water. the murder's done. . \_Gives letter. \_Aside. Gur. Gurney. That were enough to poison any man. And I was almost stifled with the savour. and terror beyond any scene. To which the channels of the castle run. Gurney. Mat. thou 'This villain's sent to shalt straight. Gur. And so do I. stay awhile.] EDWARD THE SCENE SECOND. \_Gives token.

Bulltn suggested "lock. Mat. To murder from my most gracious lord used. Gur. you are commanded by my I know what I must do. when that. Edw.414 EDWARD THE iste I SECOND. . is What else ? here is the key. with all there any be. Ay. Do as Light. Mr. Light. See how he must be handled Pereat for his labour. So now . K. \_Gives a light.- Light. And get me a spit." The scene now discloses King Edward is confined. Need you anything besides ? What else ? A table and a That's all ? . bring it in. ? ? what light wherefore To comfort you. [act V. Mat. this the lock/ lord. to see The queen For she sent me how you were : relents at this your misery * "Lake" in the old editions. 2 the interior of the dungeon in which ^ Business. Fear not thou Gtir. I shall Get you away. Let him have the king. ay so. Small comfort finds poor Edward in thy looks. to go into the dungeon. far off. and bring you joyful news. Yet be not See that need your help I in the next room have a fire. I call you. my is heart that ? K. Giir. I know thou com'st to murder me. Villain. . Light. Here's a light. Light. Ed7v. Must I about this gear ^ ne'er was So finely handled as this king shall Foh. Very well. and then exit with Matrevis. \_Aside. feather-bed. here's a place indeed. and let it be red-hot. you. ! Far is it my heart to do you harm. Who's there com'st thou Light.

see the stroke before it Yet stay let And me comes. K. O speak no more. I And whether O. in mire and puddle have lest that I I stood and. Light. 415 And what eyes can refrain from shedding To see a king in this most piteous state ? K. Tell Isabel. Light.] EDWARD THE SECOND. And there This ten days' space . is.^ and rest yourself awhile. What means your highness to mistrust me thus? 1 i. . being So that. tragedy written in thy brows. water from my tattered robes.SCENE v. filth of ! all the castle O villains K. That even then when I shall lose my life. and I my body's numbed. the queen. will it melt. The feather-bed provided by Gurney and Matrevis. a king One plays continually upon a drum. Lie on this bed. My mind may be more steadfast on my God. for want of sleep and sustenance. Edw. When for her sake I ran at tilt in France. Edw. Weep'st thou already ? list awhile to me. tears. And Or Yet then thy heart. They give me bread and water. were it as Gurney's as Matrevis'. should sleep. I looked not thus. blood dropped out from every vein. hewn from the Caucasus. ere I have done This dungeon where they keep my tale. my lord this ! breaks my heart. awhile forbear thy bloody hand.e. These looks of thine can harbour nought but death I see my . would my As doth this have limbs or no know not. Edza. And there unhorsed the Duke of Cleremont. me is the falls. My mind's distempered. sink Wherein the Light.

my lord. If you mistrust me. [^Sleeps. O. K. But sleep . gone Light. Thou wilt return again. that grief keeps me waking. Edw. art This fear Light. while . No. that which makes me therefore tell me. wherefore life. [act V. Now as I speak they fall. And And tells if I sleep I never wake tremble thus. K. Gone. Edw. and know not what's the cause. no. Something buzzeth in mine ears. [waking]. ' K. and save thy soul Know I feel that I am a king ! : O." . and do remain alive You're overwatched. Nor shall they now be tainted with a king's. come Mr. for having such a One Still jewel have fear I. my lie down and rest K. at that name is a hell of grief ! where I still my crown lord ? ? . and therefore Light. Fleay proposes to read "fault. \_Giving Jewel. stay. Edw. my lord ? still K. Let this gift change thy mind. How me is now. He ! sleeps. K.4i6 EDWARD THE SECOND. I left. Edw. thou come ? ! To ' rid thee of thy — Matrevis. O wherefore sitt'st I'll thou here ? Light. and yet with fear Open again. thou mean'st to murder me. But every joint shakes as I give it thee. I should For not these ten days have these eye-lids closed. for if begone. to dissemble with me thus? These hands were never stained with innocent blood. What mean'st thou Light. Edw. Forgive my thought thought. Edw. O let me not die yet ! O stay a Light. I receive thou this. if thou harbourest murder in thy heart.

Is't done. ? Mat. K. But not too hard.] EDWARD THE I SECOND. sweet too weak and feeble to resist God. therefore Y. and receive my soul ! : Run for the table. VI.SCENE VI. and Betray us both. and stamp on it.^ Y. Gurney. the king's to Mortimer our lord : And bear Away ! \Exeunt with the bodies. SCENE Mor. ? Light. was : it not bravely done Gur. Mat. Y. and away. now growest penitent be thy ghostly father therefore choose. Light. Excellent well take this for thy reward. [Matrevis brings in a table. Light. I'll my good I would it were undone ! Mor. . 417 Enter Matrevis and Gurney. ivho dies. is fled. Mor. Mat. stabs [Gurney Come. Whether thou wilt be secret in this. am Assist me. Enter Young Mortimer and Matrevis. So. my lord. Matrevis. [King Edward is murdered. The scene is [^Exit. Fly I 1 to the savages Mat. Or else die by the hand of Mortimer. lay the table down. £ E Mar. K. I fear me that this cry will raise the town. us cast the body in the moat. thou . Ay. I fear me ! fly. humbly thank your honour. or despatch me in a trice. lest that you bruise his body. And therefore. Edw. O spare me. an apartment in the royal palace. let will. and the murderer dead lord if . Tell me. Edw. Matrevis. let us take horse sirs. let Lightborn.

know that you are a king. \st Lord. What he have ? the king is yet a child. by thy means interred. Ah. and they with him ! . Third. but he tears his hair. Isab. Edw. huge [act tree. Isab. conspired with Mortimer. And vows Q. the king ! my son hath news ! His father's dead. Edw. and I fear none Let's see who dare impeach me for his death Enter Queen Isabella. Why speak you not unto my lord the king ? . Mortimer. begins our EnterYiv^G \st tragedy. Think not that ! I am frighted with . ! His kingly body was too soon Q. Mortimer. Lord. to be revenged upon us both. thy words My Thy father's And To thou shalt hateful murdered through thy treachery die. Isab. Mor. Forbid me not father to weep I. K. and we have murdered him if K Mor. my lord. now. Third. Ay. Edward the Third. . But you. To crave the aid and succour of his peers. my lord I^. Weep not. Third.4i8 Y. Q. Villain !— Y. EDWARD THE Mor. Ay me see where he comes. is Into the council-chamber he gone. All tremble at my name. Fear not. he was my And. and Attendants. that and accursed head shall lie. v. I fear. Edw. for myself. I stand as Jove's And compared to me. As others are but shrubs SECOND. and wrings his hands. and on his mournful hearse witness to the world. had you loved him half so well as You could not bear his death thus patiently. Ho. Lords. sweet son K. Now.

as a traveller. \_Aside. But has your grace no other proof than this ? if this be the hand of Mortimer. Mortimer. Edw. that he is And so shalt thou be too —Why stays he here . Edw. now I see. sent. Mor. Mor. Isab. Y. False I Gumey hath betrayed me and himself. What murderer? Bring forth the man I K.SCENE Y. That scorns the world. is a point. Ah. the man dares say scorn to be accused. Goes to discover countries yet unknown. Base Fortune. Q. I say. Third. That Y. Third. E E 2 . head back presently to me. murdered him ? K. They tumble headlong down that point I touched. entreat sue for life not. thou knowest slain . Isab. [^Shewing letter. Mor. and set his quarters his up But bring Y. K. Madam. I will rather die. murder cannot be hid. weep not for Mortimer. feared as much . traitor ! K. sweet son. pity Mortimer Mor. Third. to which when men : that in thy wheel aspire. thither thou didst send a murderer. 'twas thou that murder'dst him. drag him forth Hang him. to And. j Bring him unto a hurdle. Third. and. Because is think I ! it Who And Y. fair queen . Than unto a paltry boy. Edw. It is my hand what gather you by this ? K. seeing there was no place mount up fall ? higher.] EDWARD THE I SECOND. For my sake. Q. Hence with the derer Y. Why should I grieve at my declining Farewell. Edw. Mor. Y. 419 Mor. Traitor in me my loving father speaks. Edw. VI. . ! with the mur- There Mor. plainly saith. Yes. Third. \Aside.

Isab. Thus. Mother. Whenas my son thinks to abridge my days. of this \^Exit. . K. to me slack or my death. K. That rumour Is this report raised is untrue . If you be guilty. h^dL^ with her. Isab. madam. He hath forgotten me . Think not .. you the [act v. enforce these And I shall pity her I if she speak again. [Young Mortimer is taken away by ist Lord and Attendants. Q. I am his mother. for so the rumour Q. As thou receivedest thy life from me.Q. Third. Q. K. Edw. you are suspected for his death. Shall not mourn for my beloved lord. stay. for too long have I lived. Third. 2nd Lord. on poor Isabel. Third. Q. Third. Edw. What suffer traitor to delay ? Q. Isab. My lord. madam. That boots not . Isab. K. 'tis the king's will you shall hence. And therefore we commit you to the Tower Till farther trial may be made thereof. I spill his blood ? no. you runs. Edw. Edw. though I be your son. Isab. go. Edw. spilt my father's Else would you not entreat for Mortimer. her words tears. gentle Q. Isab. K. sweet death. madam. Third. for loving thee. l" fear me it will prove too true. 2nd Lord. . Ay. therefore. ? And with the rest accompany him to his grave 27id Lord. to find Nay. Then come. This argues that you blood. I do not think her so unnatural. Edw. Isab. pitiful. Third. and rid me grief. ! Spill not the blood of gentle Mortimer K.420 EDWARD THE ! SECOND.

as help I do now. \_Exeunt. Re-enter Attendants with the hearse andfuneral robes. . Sweet I offer father. distilling from witness of my grief mine and innocency.SCENE VI. Third. here is the head of Mortimer. it K. with the head of Yo\xr\g 1st Mortimer. Here conies the hearse me to mourn. where Lord. My lord. And Be let these tears. Accursed head. my lords. Could I have ruled thee then. here unto thy murdered ghost up this wicked traitor's head eyes. \Exeu7it Attendants. ! Thou had'st not hatched this monstrous treachery . father's hearse. Go shall lie fetch my And bring my funeral robes. Edw. 421 Re-enter ist Lord.] EDWARD THE SECOND.

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who acquired some first His name appears in a list of the Earl of Worcester's players in 1586. his cloke. EDWARD ALLEYN. etc. Alleyn " wan The attribute of peerless. Like Allen playing Faustus. was born in 1566 in London. The Jew of Malta." Alleyn also took the part of Faustus. and Roscius for a tongue.. property. upon his breast. into popularity This was about the time of the appearance of Tambiirlaine. for in the inventory of his theatrical apparel we find "Faustus Jerkin. gull gets With a cross on a surplice." Pierce Pennilesse. being a man Whom we may rank with (doing no one wrong) Proteus for shapes. and Alleyn came on the same wave as Marlowe. according to Fuller. near Devonshire House. in a prologue to the latter play. He was the younger son of a porter to the (2ueen. In Taniburlaine. In that manner was he drest. DWARD ALLEYN (often spelt Allen). famous both as an actor and as the founder of Dulwich College.ATTENVIX." and Samuel Rowlands " The writes. So could he speak. so vary. wherein Years previously Alleyn had been extolled by Nash in his we read " Not Roscius nor : — . as Thomas Heywood the dramatist writes in 1633.

and mastiffs. and other writers although he had now become a person of consequence. Donne. time appears as the patron of . those tragedians admired before Christ was born. Alleyn managed he personally. was purchased by Alleyn he did not however obtain the whole estate till 1614. and acquired an interest in the baiting-house at Paris Garden in Southwark. could ever perTorm more in action th-in famous Ned Allen. of the College. In the same year he married Joan Woodward. he still kept up his connection with his In 1623 he married (for old profession and his old friends. bulls. manor at a total cost of . Dekker. During the plague of 1593. when AUeyn was only twenty-six years of age. Fortune Theatre in Golden Lane. but the Paris Garden was doubtless the chief source of Alley n's wealth. and died in 1626. and Stow describes how he baited a Alleyn and Henslowe had built the lion before the King. This office was not secured. Esope. Chester. At this . leaving so far as is known no children. the friend of bishops and nobles. although before this date he had removed to Dulwich.42+ APPENDIX. we find Alleyn on a provincial tour through Bristol. Taylor the water-poet.'' This was written in 1 592. daughter by a former marriage of the then wife of Philip Henslowe. including Lord Chan- Bacon. however. during the year 1600. and in 1613 had begun the construction In 161 9 the opening ceremonies took place. the year of Marlowe's death. in the sports himself. Four years afterwards he tried with Henslowe to obtain the post of Master of the royal game of bears. ShrewsIn the year following he was back bury. till 1604. Paul's.000 when Alleyn cellor entertained the company. the year of AUeyn's last recorded appearance on the stage. the Dean of St. Cripplegate. the second time) a daughter of Dr. to which frequent allusion is made by contemporary dramatists. in London. Greatly to the advantage of the the affairs of the College new foundation.^ 10. In 1605 the of Dulwich . and appears to have been held by On special occasions he took part Alleyn till his death. and York. . at a banquet.

him acting in any of The full-length portrait at Dulwich. vol. Tune of Fortune my Foe. and I am damn'd therefore. and seems to 425 was evidently a man of great shrewdness and fine have possessed at the There can be no question concerning his high rank as an actor." refers to same time a very and lovable nature. ii." Skilful Roscius : Fuller records the general opinion these words the life : — " He was the Roscius of our age. . liv'd At Wittenburge. BALLAD OF FAUSTUS. both these graces in ihyself hast more Out-stript. Forsaking Christ. From the Roxburghe Collection. How I am plung'd in pain. " Who and grave yEsope. of the impersonator of Tanibiirlaiiie." He appears to have had no relations with Shakespeare. but cannot die I : a life the like did none before. As others speak. than they did all that went before And present worth in all dost so contract. in an epigram addressed to "Edward Allen. and we do not find vShakespeare's plays. but only thou dost act. to which Fuller alludes. so acting to made any part (especially a majestic one) to concerning Alleyn in that he becorhe him. There was I born and bred of good degree . All Christian men. Mus. Alleyn business capacity. indicates the majestic presence. Ben Jonson. reproduced as a frontispiece to this volume. a town in Germany.BALLAD OF FAUSTUS. 235. THE JUDGMENT OF GOD SHOWED UPON ONE JOHN FAUSTUS. give ear a while to me. Brit. DOCTOR IN DIVINITY.

dy'd. with much delight. when reason first began to bloom. To live in peace and do what things 1 would. yet ! Would I at first been made a beast by kind Then had not I so vainly set my mind Or would. ! Woe to Woe to Woe the day of my nativity ! the time that once did foster me ! And woe unto the hand that seal'd the to myself. the cause of all my ill bill I The time I passed away. for Faustus was In learning.426 APPENDIX. 'Mongst princes. soul's health. But studied accursed conjuration. For four and twenty years this bond was made. I my And made me Doctor And. truly paid ! And at the length my soul I was Time ran away. Twice wretchedly I soul and body sold. I sham'd nam'd. request he did agree. he left me all his wealth. . when he uncle brought up me. and many a worthy knight I wrought such wonders by my magick skill. The devil in fryars streight to And That I my weeds appear'd to me. ever after look . Twice did I make my tender flesh to bleed. That all the world may talk of Faustus still. Twice with my blood I wrote the devils deed. and How dear my never thought soul our Saviour Christ had bought. . peers. Which was the cause of my utter damnation. in Divinity . which afterwards Accurst therefore. Of honest stock. : I might have all things at my desire gave him soul and body for his hire. Whose cursed gold did hinder my Then did I shun the holy Nor on Gods word would Bible-book. loe. Some darksome den had been my deadly tomb .

The devil he carried me up into the sky.BALLAD OF FAUSTUS. Then all too late I curst my wicked deed. 427 went about the world then return'd unto in eight dales space. and none could comfort me. the devil would soon claim his right. Of earth and sea. Whereas my brains was cast against the : wall Both arms and legs in pieces torn they see. Then had my time nere come to dated end. My bowels gone this was an end of me. . all things that was past and done . . when I had but one hour turn'd my glass. with wonders manifold. Where I did see how all the world did lie I . for my last men to come. they heard a dreadful cry. hour to run. as they staid. When I four thought of that How And and twenty years was almost run. And my native place. faith was gone. All times then did wish both sun and moon to stay. Nor soul and body down to hell descend. : By 1 My grieved my glass was almost out conscience then began to doubt wisht the students stay in chamber by . And But cali'd in learned to comfort me . and seasons never to decay . Repenting I me of all things done before. Then presently they came into the hall. You conjurers and damned witches Example take by my unhappy fall all. as bond and seal did bind The secrets of the stars and planets told. twelve a clock But. The dread whereof doth make my heart to bleed All dales and hours I mourned wondrous sore. carry me to everlasting night. At I last. What pleasure I did wish to please my mind He did perform.

Hakl. ^ The words printed in italics have been scored through in the MS. Where you Embrace But hope that Christ his kingdom you may gain. That the firste beginnynge of Religion was only for to keep men in awe. it That was an easye matter Moyses. 320. and that one Heriots can do more then hee.'ho were privei to most of his subtileteis might perish.^ FROM MS. See that the smallest hair you do not sell. wher yeers. true faith that never more decays. A NOTE CONTAYNINGE THE OPINION OF ONE CHRISTOFER MARLYE. and Note delivered on Whitson eve last of the most altered as follows horreble blasphemes uttcryd by Christofer Marly who within Hi dayes after came to a sjden and fearfull end of his life. : A . JUDGMENT OF RELYGION AND SCORNE OF GODS WORDE. Adam proved to have leyved within 6 thowsande He affirineth" That Moyses was but a Juggler. Give not your soids and bodies unto hell. to the intente that those v. shall never fear such mortal pain Forsake the devil and all his crafty ways. 6853. .. beinge brought ^ The original title has been partly scored through with a pen. That Moyses made the Jewes to travell fortie yeers in the wildernes (which iorny might have ben don in lesse then one yeer) er they came to the promised lande.— 428 APPENDIX. and so an everlastinge supersticion remayne in the hartes of the people. That assuredly the Indians written is of and many Authors of Antiquitei have aboue 16 thowsande yeers agone. FOI. CONCERNYNGE HIS DAMNABLE OPINIONS AND.

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" ' Westminster Review. Yet Dostoieffsky one of the most remarkable of modem writers. with Portrait and Memoir. Stephen's Review. 'Crime and Punishment. and rejoices when she breaks free from her ' chain. and. gloomy picture are a handful of men and women taken haphazard from the crowd of the Russian capital. ." Second Edition. price Qs. Petersburg and there.me and Punishment. and shows us that even the most alwudoned are not entirely bad. Fall Mall Gazette. exult with them. Dostoieffsky is He describes sin in its most hideous shapes yet he is full of tenderness and loving-kindness for its victims. " Outside Russia the name of Fe<lor Dost<i. we are sure that it will appear rather under the mark than otherwise. to make atonement. in anguish almost too deep for words. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT. None but a Russian aiid a genius could draw such a character as Rodia Raskoluikotf. Injury.ite tart the difficult character of Natasha the incarnation and the slave of passion.sin. Translated from the Original. in the haunt of impurity ami ." Is . In croum 8i7). The author has treated with consumm. A RUSSIAN REALISTIC NOVEL. intensely realistic. The reader knows the personages— strange. and Insult' is a powerful novel few will deny. The central figure in the novel is one of those impecunious 'students. but such realism as M. and his book. " In our opinion DostoicfTsky's finest work is Crime and Punishment.' is one of the most moving of modern novels." St. his crime. By '• Fedor Dostoieffsky. To those who have.' Though never Zolaesque. and that for all there is hope hope of redeni])tion and regeneration. — ' The World. grotesque. the book t^n never be forgotten. He is constrained to live their lives. ' . and with the madness that comes upon them he is afflicted even as they. THE NOVELS OF FEDOR DOSTOIEFFSKY.' She lives and bi-eathes in these vivid l>agcs. By FEDOR DOSTOIEFFSKY. price 5*. to suffer their tortures. calls a spade a spade with the most uncompromising frankness. It is the story of a murder and of the punishment which dogs the murderer and its effect is unique in fiction.' ' . for God's sake. who has been a]itly named the Hamlet of the Madhouse. and the reader is drawn into the vortex of her anguish. . weep and laugh and despair with them he breathes the very breath of their nostrils. . " 'Crime and Punishment' is powerful. They are nearly all poor.— — " VIZETELLY h* CO:S MEW BOOKS &• NEW EDITIONS. Zola and his followers do not dream of. and wrote with the jwwer of a master. but a strong thing. INJURY AND INSULT. ' ' fffsky's The publisher has done good work in publishing Cri. the harlot and the In that same den Rodia confesses assassin meet together to read the story of Lazarus and Dives." Morning l^oist. a liare little room iii an obscure street of St. Once read. OPINIONS OF THE PRESS." The Spsotator. perhaps. It is realism. This sounds extravagant praise. Sonia is a figure of tragic pathos A strange fascination attracts Raskclnikofl" to seek her out in her own lotlgings. no doubt but only to those who have not read the volume. Dostoieffsky sounded the lowest depths of human nature. F. and not without a certain weird fascination. to scheme and resist with them. beyond all question. terrible personages they are.effsky was till lately almost unknown. " A masterpiece of fiction. Vania is a marvellous character. in crown 8vo. The Atheceenm. Third Edition.-more intimately than if he had been years with them in the flesh. the outcast girl implores the criminal. " The figures in the grand.' a translation of Dostoimuch-praised novel— a little over-praised. Translated from the Original Russian. Russian by That ' Whishaw.' the outcomes of whose turbulent brains have often been a curse Where they were intended to be a blessing to their country. 450 pages.

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" HIS CHILD FRIEND. — " Is told tenderly and with graphic Aeademy. price 3s. Minister/' "Saul Weir. By JAMES SIREE. 6d.." JLiteroii/ Wurld." Salurday Rtvitv. real agents lU In sureit'. By theophile by leox de tixseau. NEW STOKY BY THE AUTHOR OF "THE CHEVELEY In Crown 8 to. with picture covers. 6d. It is to M. Mac^. MACi5^. In crown 8vo. MY FIRST CRIME. EDJTWNS. and Other THE MONKEYS' REVENGE. 6d. Second Edition. In crown Svo. ^^ {The above work evidently suggested Doctor Jekyli and Mr. CAPITAL STORIES. gautier. and real murderers. that we are indebted for this reallj. Is. to be filled " Tue history is one that every Englishman ought to read. THE MARCHIONESS'S TEAM. As an outline up by Shortly will be jnMislied in Shilling Volumes. with eight tinted parjc engravings. former " Chef de la Suret6 " of the Paris Polick. By GEORGE AUGUSTUS SALA. By " G.— i<? — VIZETELLY ^ CO:S NEW BOOKS &» NEW M. IRISH HISTORY FOR ENGLISH By WILLIAM STEPHENSON GREGG. who has had to deal with real j-{/fS d'iniiiruction. An A BOOK FOR THE PRESENT CRISIS. COLONEL QUAGG'S CONVERSION. . READERS. by leox gozlan. price 2s. Second Edition. price 2s. By the AuTHOii of "A Modern skill. Hyde") Stories. All the characters are well and truthfully drawn. price Is. paper cover. AVATAR. attractively bound. by li^on de tinseau. or cloth. with page engravings. In Croivii 8vo. n der reading it is au admirable little book. SAVED BY A SMILE.interesting addition to a species of literature which has of late begun to pall. NOVELS." &c.' A STORY OF THE STAGE. The Earlier Volumes mill Include : THE CHAPLAIN'S SECRET. account by a real Lecoq of a real crime is a novelty among the mass of criminal novels with which the world has beun favoured since the dea'h of Ihe great originator Gaboriaxi.

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" Lamb— made in it sometliing of Montaigne.A BUCK OF THR REGENCY: /m/i " Mr.' essayist they are never tiresome." -Tailj Telegraph. the accomplished and quaint Sir Thomaa Brown. work has ' ' ' — . Sala's best ' "DUTCH PICTURES. and ready hand of the bom Papers. These Dutch Pictures and Pictures Done With a Quill should be placed alongside Oliver Wendell Holmes's inimitable budgets of friendly gossin and Thackeray's 'Roundabout They display to perfection the quick eye. a great deal of Charles deep«r and broader— and not a little of Lamb's model. good tasts.

" ROLAND. Autiiok of "TueWateus of Marah. J. full of story. a good one. FROM THE llOm FRENCH EDITION. CHEAP EH " The idea of publishing cheaji one-volume novels success. THE " It is CORSARS. situations. excursions. chaThe bcok is so rich in premise racter. and was crowned by the French Academy. OR THE EXPIATION OF A By ARY ECILAW. 6d." THIRD EDITION. SECOND EDITION. Ohuet's reputation. TRANSLATED WITHOUT ABRIDGMENT FROM THE 146th " This work. SECOND EDITION. Hill has produced a strong and lively novel. By JOHN HILL. VIZETELLY'S ONE-VOLUME NOVELS. bas already yielded its author upwards of £12.illy compact and haiinonious whole. is &» NEW EDITIONS. . By INA Courant. FIFTH EDITION. OR. Author of "The Ironmaster. WITHOUT ABRIDGMENT. ^ By GEORGES OHNET. L. &c." Londun BETWEEN MIDNIGHT AND DAWN. of the Channel. and alarms. EDITION. and is ably sustained to the conclusion." TRANSLATED. each. Tlae work is charmingly written. LOVE AND LUCRE. "An ingenious plot.c. "This excellent version is sure^to meet with large success on our side Figaro." baturdoy Jieiiew. SIN. and third editions were swept aWay in as many days. second. JOY ABROAD AND GRIEF AT HOME." The . . The first. G. By ALPHONSE DAUDET. Athenaum. BY Mrs. no weak- enkv James. LOVE AND FRENCH PRIDE. the pi'eatest literary success in any language of recent times. gold-mines. LAYARD. a perfect 11 work .— 1 — &." "Sally/' indubitable that Mr. THE IRONMASTER.'S —— — — 8 VIZETELLY NEW BOOKS ISSUE. OR. it has no fault. CASSILIS. munier. Edinburgh " The interest begins with the page." cleverly handled." — Mii. Hill a romance which will win every vote.CO." Saturday Review. PRINCE SERGE PANINE. NUMA ROUMESTAN TRANSIxA^TED " ness. OR. " A novel entitled 'Roland' js creating an immense sensation in Paris. The Book that made M. By GEORGES OHNET. Author of "Society's Queen. that we hope to receive some day from Mr. and we wish the series every 2s. 'Numa It is a Ronroestan ' is a masterpiece it is re.000." first &.

delicacy. poetically conceived. and pathos of the incident of Gwynnie Lloyd. —Society. impressivcness. difPercnt in tone from current English a very powerful study. " A striking book. 3s. " In LANGSTAFF DE IIAVILLAND." Spectator. The story is one and * THE FORKED TONGUE. BUTLER'S WARD. of power about this romance. and some of his James's Gazette. and worked out with tenderness and insight. and command of all tliat is toucliing " I Usirated Neuai. THIRD EDITION. Author deiil of "A Cruise in the Falcon. a remarkable one. FROM THE IISth FRENCH EDITION. The incident is depicted with skill and beauty. AND WITH A SPECIAL PREFACE." &c.A. " The heroine is a very h.nl literary skill. F. Moore has a capital. By MABEL ROBINSON." Society." Manchester Examiner. ' ' first-rate character studies." Grnpliic. in virtue of its vividness of presentation and re.." Alkenamm. COUNTESS SARAH. of quite exceptional force E." Spectator. The woman's character " A Mummer's Wife. " .V77/ EDITION. A7. It ia a conspicaous success of its kind. Lover. CAUEFULLY UEVISED." is GEORGE MOOIiE.— — — &- — CO:S — — — &* — — " 19 VIZETELLY NEW BOOKS NEW EDITIONS." Graphic.mmeu's Wife. By GEORGES OH NET. WITHOUT ABRIDGMENT. VIZETELLVS ONE-VOLUME HO^ EL. TIIUiD EDITION. sympathy.\ charming book. a be-autiful creation whose aflfectinar history is treated with much delicacy."— Athenunivi. their follies and their vices are paiuted in unmistakable colours. and the admirable treatment of the great sacrifice she makee." TRANSLATED. Author of "The Ironmaster. MR. It " .S—continued. LOVER." To an interesting plot is added a number of strongly-marked and cleverly drawn characters.ar^ real power of drawing character. truth. Author of "Enslaved. present a uaique position among English novels. By R. Author of "Mr." St. many respects the story is M. A By Eealistic Novel. " ' A Mnninier's Wii'o' holds at. A MODERN By GEORGE MOORE. a good knight. and with a skill that fascinates. Author of "A Moderk fiction. "A Mu. each." " Full of extraf>rdinary power and originaliti*. THIRD EDITION. A MUMMER'S WIFE. 6d. — modem THE THREATENING By "There is EYE. and the author is to be congmtuhited on having made " so full and original a haul out of the supposed to be exhausted waters of society Graphic.appy concpption. Its men and women are drawn with power and without pity. would be difficult to praise too highly the strength." descripytive scenes . may be regarded hs a representative example of the work of a literary school that has of lato years attracted to itself a good deal of uotoriotj'. " The book contains some very powerful situations and Wt-itrhiUl R-vieio. " All the characters are Jiew to fiction.

LOVE AND PRIDE. Printed Sepai^ate from the Text." said Atheuais. THE IRONMASTER. Ohnet's Celebrated Novel. 0) OR. KTAiNiNG 42 Full. beautifully printed on toned paper. In large crown Bvo. price 5s. suitable in every nay for a present.." Kiss me. dear. or handsomely bound with gilt edges. 6s. An Illustrated Edition of M. .Page Engravings by Fkench Artists.

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among ourselves. Zola would probably decline to fcike au «<*r(ei(j. each.Edition.LLE. whase acquaintance with life is severely restricted. "This fact.22 VIZETELLY S^ CO'S NEW BOOKS &^ NEW EDITIONS. any work produced \uider such unnatural conditions. considered as a composition that treats of life at large and helps us to knoie. GERMINAL.A. of course. THE "ASSOMMOIR." From the 97th (The iviutietcNANA. Portrait E.. From the 50ih (TheSociueIto"P„. From the Zlst FrencJv. a-. a great plan incontestjvble attributes of M. and M. moreover.MILE ZOL. is almost always addressed to young unmarried ladies. the i7th THE RUSH FOR THE From the Sith SPOIL." — — NANA. to a French story-teller.M. Elclicd . n pa8. Zola i. when the novel is regarded sis soniethiu.-iplejeu deiprU. ABBE MOURET'S TRANSGRESSION. OR.siMii. PIPING HOT! From the (POT-BOU.d how can a novel be worth anything that deals only with half of life? These objections are ptirfectly valid.^ more than a sir.-) French Edition. THERESE RAQUIN. French Edition. French Edition. From MASTER AND MAN. is mainly in tlie hands r>{ timid (even when very accoinplislied) women.S NOVELS.s not now to be eas ly found in Kngland or ihj United States. TRANSLATED WITHOUT ABRIDGMEXT. . Half of life is a sailed book to youuif unmarried ladies. or at least always assumes them to be a largo part of the novelist's public. wliere the stoi-y-tiUltr's art is almost exclusively (eiuinine. Mr. jtrice 6s. a damnable restriction.) &Zrd French Edition. and it may be said that our Elnglish system is a good thing for viruins and boys. In crmoi Svo. ZOLA'S POWERFUL REALISTIC NOVELS. HENRY JAMES on ZOL.ito punvictioii. appeai-n. and wlio are not conspicuous for general views.rxG hot-") French Edition. (la curee. by BocoiJRT.lczuvre. The novel.axid. The above Works are published without Illustratioiis. price 5a. From the 127 (h French Edition. " A novelist with a system. and a bi\d thing for the novel itself. THE LADIES' PARADISE.A. HIS With a MASTERPIECE? of . Illusteated with Page Ekgkavixos by Fitp:NCn Autists. each.

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Illustrated with 8 page Engravings. aud ready hand of the born essayist — they are never HIGH LIFE IN FRANCE UNDER THE REPUBLIC. By George Auoustus DUTCH PICTURES and it PICTURES DONE WITH A QUILL.S7. and other Engravings. and no less instructive if read with allowances and understanding.— 24 VI — &- — — EDITIONS. Grenville-Mitrray. Ninth 558 pages and 350 Engravings. "A very clever and entertaining series of social and satirical sketches. Bai'on Stockmar. "All of Mr. C. Told in Detail FOR the First Time. LowDELL. Grenville-Murray. PEOPLE Edition. C. Sa. By E. Essays Mainly Written in Hot Countries. Third Edition. Sala is at his best. some. " Had the most daring of our sensational novelists put forth the present plain unvarnished statement of facts as a work of fiction. Illustrated with an authentic representation of the Dianioud Necklace. UNDER THE SUN. A New " Mr. GUZMAN OF ALFARAQUE." World." Spectator. — ZE TELLY CO:S NEW BOOKS &> NEW VIZETELLY'S HALF-CROWN SERIES. startling. good taste. the accomplished and quaint Sir Thomas Brown. Mr."— DaiVj/ Telegraph. " This book is one of the most readable that has appeared for many a day. Barnard. wit. engraved on steel. A Spanish Novel." The Times. A New Edition. with two carefully engraved Portraits.' display to perfection the qui(rk eye. Grenville-Murray's portraits are clever and life-like." . " men know On subjects like those in his present work.. caustic or cynical at times. — THE STORY OF THE DIAMOND NECKLACE. Illustrated with 12 page Engravings and an etched Portrait of the Author."— .\a. which means tliat they contain plenty of excellent reading. Edition. Sala. Javies's Gazette. a great lieal of Charles ' By Qeoroe Auoustus Sala."— Notes and Queries. and some of them are not unworthy of a model who was moie before the author's eye than Addison namely. " Caroline Bauer's name became in a mysterious and almost tragic manner connected with those of two men highly esteemed and well remembered England Prince Leopold of Coburg. " A most amusing book. HAVE MET. "—TnttA." The Times. By George Augustus Sala. and a Portrait of the Countess de la Motte. Grenville-Murray's i>ages sparkle with cleverness and with a shrewd wit. Edition. E. " There are nearly four hundred pages between the covers of this volume. but by no means excluding a due appreciation of the softer viitues of women and the sterner excellencies of men. I By E. From m the German. vivacity and variety of this masterpiece cannot be over-estimated. Few Englishso much of old and modem Paris as Mr."— Truth. CAROLINE BAUER AND THE COBURGS. These 'Dutch Pictures' and Pictures Done with a Quill.s. l"hackeray. — J BOOK OF COURT SCANDAL. By Henky Vizetelly. every word of it Is trae. Yet strange. PARIS HERSELF AGAIN. Priuce Albert's trusty friend and adviser. translated by by Stahl. AND Satirical Sketches in Paris Social and the Province. A New Edition. Sala's best work has in Lamb tire- made deei)er and broader— and not a little of Lamb's model. incomprehensible as is the narrative which the author has here evolved. a New " Mr." —Contemporary Jieriew. and bia nephew. With 8 page Engravings from Designs by F. almost French in their point and vivacity. Morning Illustrated with highly finished steel Engravings from Designs "The Poet. something of Montaigne. with a Frontispiece. it would have been denounced a» 80 violating all probabilities as to be a positive insult to the common sense of the reader.

By WALTER PARKE. "Decidedly witty and original. and sure of the approval of the audience. . LEITCII. This wonderfully good shilling's worth should command a wide aa\o. 6d. Is. of the French Academy. price Is. GREENWOOD (the " Amateur Casual"). &c. IN By JAMES STRANGE COMPANY." —Scutsman. By FRANCOIS COPP^E. Translated by Luigi. price 2s. By WALTER PARKE. '"Patter Poems' include many sparkling and merry lays. GORDON AND THE MAHD An ' I. IN LONDON. In crown 8to." Whitehall Review. THE Comic Golden Legend.'^. ILLUSTRATED WITH A PORTRAIT OF THE AUTHOR. Humorous and Skuious. ENGRAVED ON STEEL.— VIZETELLY In Ss^ CO:S NEW BOOKS &> NEW EDITIONS."— Sitwrfay Timeg. In paper covers. 25 large 8w. News. "The stories are told in brigfht and luminous verses in which are dexterously wrought parodies of a good many present and some jmst poets. WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY LEITCff. or in parchment binding." "A translation exceedingly well done. price Is. . J. Is. 160 pages and 130 Engravings. WITH ILLUSTRATION!^ BY J. well adapted for recitation. and the prospects of society. or cloth gilt. 6d. NEW SATIRICAL POEM. manners. Illustrated Narrative of the Soudan War. 6d. ADMIRABLY SUITED FOR PRIVATE REPRESENTATION. BY A In crown WELL-KNOWN POET. 8 to. By WALTER PARKE. foii Readings AND Recitations. Author of "The Red Cross."— Illustrated . gilt on side. LUCIFER and his reflections on life. 2s." — Saturday Review.SSER-BY. covers. Patter Poems. Songs of Singularity. each 2s. THE PA. ILLUSTRATED WITH In paper 60 ENGRAVING. A Comedy in One Act.

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wine jitbor for great britain at the vienna and paris exhibitions of 1873 and Illustrated with 350 Engravings. A:i inte'estinsb"ok. ANCIENT MSS. A HISTORY OF CHAMPAGNE.' in wliich he has collected a large number of facts. anecdote. The engraviugs are e. How competent the iUithor was for the t. EARLY PRINTED BOOKS. Many of the woodcuts are excellent. . 27 In demy i(o.volume contains such an amf^unt f inf'irniation touching the subject which it treats as cinnut be Unuid elsewliere. and illustrated in the mo:5t alMind mt and pleasingly miscellaneous fashion. "Mr. Chrvalier oc the Ohder of Fbanz Josef.v>k he undert'ok is t be inferred from the functions he lias discharged. CARICATURES. with gilt edges. 1878. ." 'Hie Wiiu ix>id Spirit News. A — • > "A ." Sal urday Review. dealinf> witli the liistory of Clipmppgne from the time of the Romans to the present date. " very ajfreeable medley of history. ETC. FROM ORIGIXAL SKETCHES AND PHOTOGRAPHS. By henry VIZETELLY. Henry Vizetelly's handsume boi>k abimt Champasrne and other sparkliHg wines of France is full of curious information and amusement. lutndsomely printed and bound." A'lte>-n. " It is probable that this larg. and such like matter. "Mr.cideuts and details of which are very giaphically told with a good deal of wit and humour.. RARE PRINTS. priee 12«. distingxiishcd by an aociinicy n'^t orteii found in such medleys.— —— &- — VIZETELLY CO:S NEW BOOKS &* NEW EDITIONS. Henry Vizetelly has written a quarto volume on the 'History of Champagne. veritable Edition de luxe. WITH NOTES ON THE OTHER SPARKLING WINES OF FRANCE." JllustTuted Linulon Netrs. It should be widely read and appreciated.'nn.' the ii.tceedingly well executed.. and fiom the exceptional opportunities he enjoyed. . geograpliioal description." Duilu News. many of them very curious and iutei'esting.

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" Society. friend. capable of so diverting the attention and interest of his readers that not one word or line in his buolc will be skipped or read carelessly. The ability displayed is unquestionable. DOSSIER NO. Two Vols. Gaboriati is a skilful and brilliant writer. 29 In small post 8 w." SueffieLd IndependetU. and admirably translated." BumOarton Herald. and wrought out with Ox'ord and Cambridge Journal. Gaboriau's stories are Irrepages hold the mirror up to nature witu . and by a succession of unexpected turns and incidents. Gaboriau. and from never allowed to flag. consummate THE CATASTROPHE. the drama is ultimately worked out to a very pleasant result."— //ampiAtre Advertiser. Is. " A story of thrilling interest. how many and many a while Tliey've made the slow time fleetly flow. Two Vols. "Full of incident. Gaboriau's reputation as a novelist of vast resource in incident and of wonderful ingenuity in constructing aad unravelling thrilling myateriea. "To those who love the mysterious sistibly fascinating. THE GABORIAU AND DU BOISGOBEY SENS ATIONAL NO VELS. credit to M. ! And solaced pain and charmed exile. full of interest. Mr. and the sensational."— Sitnday Timtt. His marvellously clever absolute fidelity . THE LEROUGE CASE. skill. " Ah. "The interest is kept up throughout. the reader's interest is THE LITTLE OLD MAN OF BATIGNOLLES." "Sensational. THE GILDED CLIQUE. deal of art. " M. THE SLAVES OF PARIS. each." IN PERIL [OF HIS LIFE. Wilkie Collins is equalled. "'The Catastrophe' does ample THE COUNT'S MILLIONS. BoiSGOBEY and Gaboriau Ballade of Railway Novels in " LopgtiMn't Moffazint. OTHER PEOPLE'S MONEY. cleverly conceived."— Aberdeen Journal." Brighton Herald. life and action. first to last " The plot is worked out with great skill.— ''•' — — — 6- — — " — <S^ VIZETELLY CO:S NEW BOOKS NEW EDITIONS." Londmi Figaro. the art of forging a tangled chain of complicated incidents involved and inexplicable until the last link is reached and ths whole made clear. ornamental scarlet covers. Altogether this is a most THE MYSTERY OF ORCIVAL " The Author keeps the interest of the reader at fever heat. and tlie interest with which that exaggeration is he contrives to invest his oharaoters proves unnecessary to a master. . and the story is told graphically and with a good LECOQ THE DETECTIVE. and instinct with fascinating book. if not excelled. "In Two Vols." Hampshire Advertiser. by M. 113. Two Vols.

nnd powerful sensational novel. " The plot BERTHA'S SECRET. IN THE SERPENTS' "This is COILS. function Journal. du Boisgobey under his facile pen pfivos jilots full Two Vols."— /-i7?r«ry World. ' ' We WHO DIED LAST? London Figaro.ss away as rapidlj. not stop to moralise. — Gfobe.— —— 30 —— &* — — &- VIZETELLY CO:S NEW of BOOKS NEW EDITIONS.ince. by making reflection subordinate to action. He d<>es hs art cotisists in creating iiitricaeius which sliall keep the stretch." Aberdttn Lately published Vohimes. THE DAY OF RECKONING. Two Vols. Standard. -THE JAILER'S PRETTY WIFE. and close tho book with a thorough adroiratinn for the vigorous roniaucist who has the courage to fulfil the true storyteller. Two Vols.. OR THE RIGHTFUL HEIR. THE SEVERED HAND.poil the reader's pleasure in a novel which depends for all its interest ou the skilful weavmg and unweaving of mysteries. INTRIGUES OF A POISONER. The reader is kept spell- bound. Two jotimcy "Travellers at this seii. 2 Vols. for this would f.-THE CORAL PIN. Its territie excitement continues to the end. " Tho wonderful Scnsatioiml Novels Emile G. and offer a full scope to his own really wonderful Times.as they can desire with one of JJu Uoisgobey's absorbing volu volumes iu their haiid. THE IDOL OF MODERN PARIS. THE PHANTOM LEG. 2 Vois. THE DETECTIVE.»on of the year will find the time occupied by a long j pa. HIS GREAT REVENGE. •' Bertha's Stcret is a most effective rom. as Professor Owen with the smallest bone as a foundation could reconstruct the most extraordinary animals. THE RED BAND.A FIGHT FOR A FORTUNE. . " We are led breathless from the first page to the last. dram:itic. " M. THE THUMB STROKE. FERNANDE'S CHOICE "THE NAMELESS MAN. is a ninrvel of intricicy aud clpverlj' manaped surprisef!. THE GOLDEN PIG OR." THE OLD AGE OF LECOO." Bristol Mercury. THE MATAPAN AFFAIR. . -THE GOLDEN TRESS.-THE ANGEL OF THE CHIMES. a most pir-turesqnn. " Readers who like a Ihoioughly entangled itud thrilling plot will welcome this novel with av.dity. need not say how the story ends. Two Vol. of incident are quickly opened and unwovmd. of tho Vols.aboriau. . " ns no tiresome descriptions or laboured analyses of character. all reader's curiosity on tlie ingenuity for uuravell n^. who piece together the elaiiorutj details of the most coniplicated crimes." Oldham Chronicle. *' " The romances of Ga>ioriiu ixud Du Boiserohey picture the mnrvollous Lecoq and other wonders of shrewdness.-THE CONVICT COLONEL. PRETTY BABIOLE." Times." THE CRIME OF THE OPERA HOUSE. THIEVING FINGERS.-A RAILV^AY TRAGEDY. Its interest never flags.

powerful after a sledge-hammer fashion in some parts and wonderfully tender. 4. even within himself. 3. 5. most charming novelettes we have roadforalongU&ie.LECOa. " Those who have read this singular story in the origiual need not be reiuiiided of that a ipremely dramatic study of the man who lived two lives at once.—JAILERS PRETTY WIFE. VIZETELLY'S POPULAR FRENCH NOVELS.yJ:T:''" Iforld. terrible story. NEW EDITIONS OF THE GABORIAU AND DU BOISGOBEY SENSATIONAL NOVELS. AND INTRIGUES OF A POtSONER. TRANSLATIONS OF THE BEST EXAMPLES OF RECENT FRENCH FICTION OF AN UNOBJECTIONABLE CHARACTER.— THE CORAL PIN. and Samuel Brohl's final dissolution of i>artaership with himself is a remarkable stroke of almost pathetic comedy. Belot. touching. The that may he snfdi) left li/ing ahiut where the ladies of the family can pick them. . Qd. 6. By V. AND THIEVING FINGERS. AND WHO DIED LAST ? 13. interest they create is happily ujt of the vicijus sort at all.-A RAILWAY TRAGEDY. THE DRAMA OF THE RUE DE LA "A highly ingenious plot is PAIX.-DOSSrER NO. " Thev an hooks ami read them.-THE THUMB STROKE. Daudet.— THE COUNT'S MILLIONS. 11. BOOKS &^ NEIV EDITIONS. ornamental covers. 9." Illustrated Loiidjn News. 13. In small ]}ost 9. 17.i. Is. Alphonse Daiidet's masterpiece. ^ ™ ' in MAUGARS JUNIOR.-THR CRIME OF THE OPERA HOUSE. each .-THE CATASTROPHE. 15.'S NEW hound in. AND IN THE SERPENTS' COILS. and pathetic in otliei-s. The reader's discovery of his double nature is one of the most cleverly managed of surprises. the extraordinary popularity whereof may be inferred from the fact that this English version is said to be ' translated from the fiftieth French edition..^. A." Athenrrura. " The series By starts well with M. AND THE GILDED CLIQUE. 31 dctible volumes.-THE DAY OF RECKONING. 16. lO. AND OTHER PEOPLE'S MONEY. THE DETECTIVE.-THE GOLDEN PIG. 113. 12. la developed in 'The Drama Rue de Paix *• which a decidedly interesting and thrilling narrative is told with great iot^^vXIi passion. 2L. "A SAMUEL BROHL AND PARTNER. of the By A.— — — — VIZETELLY In &> CO.'*— IfSjSro .-BERTHA'S SECRET.-THE MATAPAN AFFAIR. 2.-IN PERIL OF HIS LIFE. AND THE LITTLE OLD MAN OF BA- TIGNOLLES.-THE OLD AGE OF LECOCl. AND THE CONVICT COLONEL.vo. One of the By A." The Graphic.'" Illustrated Lomlo:i News. each. FROMONT THE YOUNGER & RISLER THE ELDER." up Sheffield Independent. AND PRETTY BABIOLE. 14. price 2«. THE DETKCTIVE. relieved by sprightliness and tenderness.— THR LEBOTJGE CASE. Is. -HIS GREAT REVENGE. -THE SLAVES OP PARIS.— THE SEVERED HAND. AND ANGEL OF THE CHIMES. Theuriet. AND A FIGHT FOR A FORTUNE. 1—THB MYSTERY OP ORCIVAI. Cherbuliez. in cloth.-THE PHANTOM LEG. 23. 6rf. 18. 7. 8. scarlet cloth.

rustic personages. . COKS NEW BOOKS NEW EDITIONS. LOVE RENDERED DESPERATE. ' & SAVING A DAUGHTER'S By E. It is a bright and viv. COLOMBA. one of M.. a bright vivacious story pleasantly told. DOCTOR CLAUDE By H. " ' The Low-bom Lover's Revenge ' By V. is unequalled in its peculiar way. Gri^ville. THE GODSON OF A MARQUIS. Whitefrian. *' OR. WAYWARD DOSIA. the rural scenery and life in the forest country of Argonne." HuUtax Times. & CARMEN. cannot be said to be hurtful either mentally or morally. " The Graphic."— flampsAire "As epigrammatic as anything A NEW LEASE OF DOWRY. By " ' V." "The Ijease of Tiife is an absorhing story. of THE TOWER OF PERCEMONT & MARIANNE. The studies of human nature under various influences. vols."—lih^ffield Independent. are wonderfully effective. THE BROTHERS' By P. AND OTHER AMUSING By E. FAval. About. m^rim^e."— Hampshire Advertiser. & THE GENEROUS DIPLOMATIST." Brighton Herald. raciness of ' Colomba is quite cheering after the stereotyped threevolume novels with which our circulating libraries are crammed. which although of a slightly sensational kind." Life. ' " ' Blue-eyed Meta Holdenis A Stroke of Diplomacy ' is is a delightful tale. Agnew."— Illustrated London News. it.icious story." Civil Service Gazette. Cherbuliez. About. Bradbttiy. especially in the Illuscases of the imbappy heroine and her low-bom lover. story. Feuillet. " The By A. Cherbuliez's many exquisitely written productions. 0. Malot. full of " Crisp and movement and interest. VENGEANCE. " A ' LIFE. & A STROKE OF DIPLOMACY." DvnibarUm Herald. bright. OR." Life. Cherbuliez." Dublin Evening Mail. & THE LITTLE COUNTESS. fVom the beginning to the close the interest the story never flags. A WOMAN'S DIARY. " Is wrought out with masterly By skill and aflfords reading. "George Sand has <rf By George is a great name.— — 32 — 6- — —— &* — — — VIZETELLY By Henry Telegraph. By " The freshness and ' P. " • Carmen will be welcomed by the lovers of the sprightly and tuneful opera the heroine of which Minnie Hauk made so popular. [Printen. THE THREE RED KNIGHTS. Theuriet. BLUE-EYED META HOLDENIS. k Co. the interest of which is kept up to the Dublin Evening Mail. THE NOTARY'S NOSE." is — trated Lcnuion News. Sand. are painted with the hand of a master. New very end. artistic in Two appeal to our very first flight of novelists to find anything so English romance as these books. Lord Beaconsfield has ever written. The one thing that strikes ua in these stories Is the marvellous dramatic skill of tLe wntere. as a iiieht of brilliant and eccentiic imagination. " We have to . and the 'Tower of Percemont' not unworthy THE LOW-BORN LOVER'S REVENGE. STORIES.

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