All you need to know about “FISHING”
November 1, 2012 Compiled by: Darseet Garasia
All you need to know about “FISHING”
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Fishing Rods & Reels
In determining a fishing rod and reel one must consider the species you are fishing for along with the type of lure or live bait to be used. For instance your rod and reel set-up should match the fishing presentation. If you're pursuing panfish using light lures or small minnows your outfit should be lightweight for casting and detecting bites, not a heavy baitcaster for pike or bass. There are five main basic categories of fishing rod and reel combinations, and within each there are multiple sub-categories of specialty types of outfits used for specific fishing applications, for example Walleye fisherman use rod and reel set-ups for slip bobber, slip sinker, jigging and trolling. Bass fisherman carry pitchin', flippin', crank baiting, and soft plastics combo's. Muskie anglers have bucktail, jerk bait and top water outfits. In short, fishing rods and reels have come a long way over time, with new space age materials having been developed for rod construction making them longer and much lighter as well as reels with multiple ball bearings and one piece alloy and graphite frames.
Fishing Rod & Reel Combinations:
This is the preferred set-up for the inexperienced angler. Spincasting outfits are excellent in teaching the beginning angler and children the mechanics of casting. The spin cast reel is mounted above the rod with the reel spool enclosed with a nose cone cover, this prevents line snarling and backlash's that are associated with bait casting reels. Casting is a simple task, the angler presses and holds down a button on the rear of the reel, this disengages the line pick-up pin, upon the forward cast the line comes off the spool. Once the crank handle is turned the pick-up pin is engaged retrieving the line on the spool. Spincast reels have low gear ratios as a result of the size of the spool, which makes it difficult to fish lures that require a fast retrieve such as: inline spinners, spinner baits and buzz baits. When purchasing a spincast reel consider selecting models with anti reverse and smooth drag system versus the inexpensive all plastic models with sticky drags that result in broken line. For rods buy fiberglass their durable will hold up from abuse.
For successful casting the most important setting is the casting brake. tie on your lure and reel it to the tip of your rod. Spinning rods have large fishing line guides to minimize line friction upon casting.
Baitcasting outfits are excellent for many kinds of fishing. crappies. Tighten the knob until it feels snug. Hold the rod at the 2 o’clock position and slowly turn the knob counter clockwise until the lure starts to fall. Because of this lighter lures can be used where the weight of the lure does not have to pull against a rotating spool. perch and walleyes. Baitcasting outfits are considered the standard when using heavier lures fishing bass. Your lure should not move. In casting a spinning reel the angler opens the bail. the line is drawn off the fixed non rotating spool and not against a rotating spool such as a bait casting reel. The design was of a fixed spool reel mounted below the fishing rod with a mechanical pick-up (wire bail) used to retrieve the fishing line. grasping the line with the forefinger. The anti reverse feature prevents the crank handle from rotating while fighting a fish allowing the angler to use the drag. All bait casting reels are mounted above the rod. The
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. Spinning outfits operate best using fairly light weight limp flexible monofilament fishing lines and are used for bluegills.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Spinning reels where commercially introduced in 1948 by Mitchell Reel Company of France. and or a magnetic 'cast control' to reduce spool overrun during a cast and resultant line snare called a birds nest. (The casting brake is the small knob located in the center under the reel handle side) To set the cast control. Push the casting release button. and come in a wide variety of options and types: Round and Low Profile. then using a backward snap of the rod followed by a forward cast. Today all quality bait casting reels have a spool tension feature for adjusting the centrifugal brake. when casting the angler moves the rod backward then snapping it forward. pike and muskie. Let the lure hit the ground and watch the spool. High and Low Retrieve Speed along with anti-reverse handles and line drags designed to slow runs by large and powerful gamefish. In the early years of bait casting reels the angler used their thumb to control the amount of line travel as well as to prevent the spool overrun or backlash. the line is pulled off the reel by the weight of the lure.
Baitcasting reels offer the angler a wide variety of fishing line options ranging from the new super lines (Braided Low Stretch) to copolymer "Fluorocarbon" and nylon monofilament. The spool line capacity on trolling reels is greater than bait casting reels to accommodate heavier fishing line that is used for long line big water trolling. In learning the casting technique we recommend practicing on land with a plastic casting plug. tighten the cast control knob and repeat the procedure.
The term trolling not only reflects the type of equipment. Trolling can be as simple as just letting line off the reel with an attached lure known as flat lining or using rigging systems such as a downriggers. but a commonly used method of fishing.
The art of fly fishing has been documented going back for hundreds of years dating to ancient times. they can be intimidating but you can learn with a little time and effort. If it spins more than one revolution. Coastal saltwater anglers use wire lines made of stainless steel. Inland freshwater anglers use monofilament and lead core for walleyes and salmon.All you need to know about “FISHING”
spool should not spin more than one revolution after the lure hit’s the ground. Overall bait casting outfits are best suited for the experienced angler. Muskie & Pike anglers use low stretch braided super lines for trolling large plugs and spinners. Trolling outfits are very similar to bait casting set-ups. All trolling reels have three basic features: star drag (Line Braking System) on the reel handle for fighting large game fish. ( See our trolling section for more rigging information). the cast control is set too tight. Baitcasting rods have also evolved from the older 5-6 foot pool cue rods to 7-9 foot lengths used today allowing increased casting distance and accuracy. titanium or a combination of metal alloys to prevent toothy fish from severing the line.
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. Loosen the knob and repeat the procedure. Trolling is a productive fish catching technique by presenting multiple lures covering a lot of water. as the trolling reels are mounted above the rod. it is also illegal in some area’s of the country so please check your local fishing regulations. If the spool does not spin after the lure hit’s the ground. planer/trolling boards and dipsey divers. Trolling is a form of angling where lines with hook-rigged lures are dragged behind a boat to entice fish to bite. an on/off line release lever and a line out alarm (Clicker) other options are a line counter allowing the angler to replicate the amount of line used on successful fish catching patterns. Trolling rods range from long and limber for downriggers and planer boards to stiff for large crank baits. Trolling reels are designed to offer the most versatility when it comes to fishing line options.
or curve cast and the tuck cast. foam. The angler starts by stripping line off the reel with one hand while whipping the rod in a series of back a forth motions over the shoulder. As a general guideline the lighter the line and smaller the game fish the best reel choice for the novice anglers and children is a spincast reel. determines casting. a reel that is too light for a rod will make it feel tip heavy. roll cast side. There are several types of casts in fly fishing. reel and fly lures as well as receiving lessons on casting. and angling technique? Will you be casting lures using live bait or trolling. Fly fishing reels are mounted below the rod with the basic design of line storage. what kind of fish will you be catching? What is the average size. attached on the end of the fly line is a leader of monofilament or fluorocarbon fishing line called a tippet in whichthe fly lure is tied to. carbon/graphite and boron/graphite) ranging from 6ft to 14ft in length. minnows and other aquatic creatures. If you're considering fly fishing we highly recommend that you seek professional guidance by visiting your local fly fishing pro shop in selecting the rod.feathers. the angler used their hand as a line brake known as palming when fighting a fish. First. Fly lines are available in a variety of forms varying from tapered sections (double-tapered. Conversely. or other lightweight materials to mimic insects. Fly rods are long. Fly rods are sized (matched) by the weight of the fly line from size #0 rods for the smallest freshwater trout and panfish up to and including #16 rods for large saltwater game fish.
Fishing Reel Features:
In selecting the right reel for your style of fishing there are literally thousands of different reels on the market today to choose from. weight-forward. The angling method of fly fishing is casting a fly or streamer consisting of a hook tied with fur. used to cast a fly lure without landing on the water. but now are constructed from man made composite materials (fiberglass. Before we compare the features of fishing reels here are some pointers that will help you determine a list of requirements for the best type of reel to use. Other casting techniques are false casting. The correct angle is 10 o' clock to 2 o' clock. the reel must be balanced with your rod. You will have problems casting and it will take away the sensitivity from the rod tip in feeling a fish strike. the most common is the forward cast. For the best performance from your reel. For the less experienced angler this can be somewhat confusing. thin.For a properly balanced outfit hold the rod with the reel attached on the fore grip (the handle above the reel) by using a few fingers. others are single and double haul cast. The main objective is to load the rod with stored energy then transmit that energy to the fly line allowing the angler the acceptable amount of casting distance. flexible fishing rods originally made of split bamboo. the rod should sway back and forth and stay somewhat horizontal not completely moving forward or backward. not the lure. If you use a reel that weighs too much for the rod it will feel butt heavy. Early fly reels often had no drag systems just a clicker that was used to keep the reel from overrunning the line when pulled from the spool. These answers will narrow down your search and aid in purchasing the proper reel. shooting-head) level (even through out) as well as floating and sinking types. What pound test line is best suited for the fishing application. As the targeted species gets larger requiring heavier line and lures a conventional reel or bait caster will be the better choice. The fly line. by fishing for a length of time your wrist will tire by trying to hold the rod upward.All you need to know about “FISHING”
countless articles have been written regarding legendary trout stream fishing or for European salmon. The goal is to present the fly lure in such a way that the line lands smoothly on the water’s surface and appears natural. if not change reel sizes or rod length to achieve a balanced outfit. For the more proficient caster using the same set-up a spinning reel is best. Newer fly reels have incorporated disc type drag that allows the angler the adjustment range using the combination of the rod and reel to control large game fish in powerful runs.
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. The fly lure is non-weighted for which the fly rod uses the weight of the fly line in casting the fly lure.
adjustments are made by turning the wheel to the proper tension. think of it as a clutch or line braking system. but loose enough to come off of the fishing reel easily. This is the fine tuning feature found on more expensive reels that works with a internal transfer braking mechanism. machining & bearing qualities ) as comparing to other reels in determining which is the smoothest. (smooth cranking. not the type or quality of the bearings.
All types of fishing reels have a drag system. But one must consider that the amount of bearings does not necessarily mean that the reel is smoother than others with less. these descriptions will help you identify and understand the ideal reel for your angling needs.front drag and a rear drag. Spinning reels have an anti reverse on/off lever that will allow the angler the choice of engaging the drag or back reeling when fighting a fish. High quality reels that feature the number of bearings on models followed with a single number such as 7+1 indicates a anti reverse bearing which with tighter machining tolerances provides the angler with a "no play in handle" giving the angler complete control during stop and go retrieves and solid hook sets. Front drags are generally smoother than a rear drag. Baitcasting/Trolling/Spincast reels use a star-shaped wheel located on the reel handle called a star drag. The deciding factor when it comes to purchasing a new reel should not be limited to just the number of bearings but the overall performance. The drag feature is a tension setting applied to the spool of the reel. at the beginning of a cast (with the increased RPM‘s) this mechanism rotates out towards the braking magnets to slow the spool which helps reduce backlashing. The drag uses a set of multiple disc washers that compress when pressure is increased or relaxed when decreased. It is still advisable to apply light thumb pressure on the spool in order to prevent a backlash.
CASTING CONTROLS: (BAITCASTING)
All quality baitcasting reels come with built in casting control systems that help determine how fast the spool is spinning when casting. In other words a 2 ball bearing reel machined with tight tolerances and high quality factory sealed stainless steel bearings will perform longer and smoother than a reel with 6 ball bearings made of brass. While no bait casting reel is considered backlash free even with all of the casting features to help control the spool casting speed. depending on the model some have one some have both and are either externally adjustable or internal. The centrifugal casting control is located on the reel handle side and his adjusted by turning the knob forward or backward. These systems are centrifugal and magnetic. many of them are universal and found on all types of reels. For larger game fish some bait casting and trolling reels use a additional anti reverse gear along with the bearing this adds security if the bearing can not handle the strain of hard running fish. It is the generally thought that the greater amount of bearings in a reel the smoother the operation and the higher the cost.
All conventional fishing reels contain either ball bearings or bushings built within the reel to operate the spool smoothly.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Listed below are the features and components that make up fishing reels. Reel companies only list the total number of bearings for the reel.
The anti reverse function on fishing reels is so the handle does not turn backwards when the line is pulled from the reel as the drag is used. Spinning reels have two types of drags . Most baitcasting reels today have anti reverse as a standard feature. The front
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. The drag should be set tight enough for a hook set. The concept of the drag is letting the line unwind in a controlled manner off the reel when a fish pulls so hard that the line is in danger of breaking. The magnetic control braking system is located on the other side with a numbered position dial to increase or decrease the amount of magnetic force applied to the spool.
In cases where you hook a exceptional sized fish the drag should be adjusted (increased) as you feel the size of the fish. back off the drag tension setting. High speed reels are better for working lures quickly when the angler seeks speed for "burning" bucktails. On low profile and smaller round baitcasting reels the line guide will remain in its' position when casting. but they normally don’t stand up to big fish and demanding conditions like front drag reel models. It allows a reference by which anglers can consistently return a bait to the same depth or distance from the boat when flat line trolling or rigging (Downriggers. The gear ratio refers to how many revolutions the spool of the reel makes per one complete turn of the reel handle. As a rule always check your drag before your first cast. if you have a decent amount of resistance. you should be fine. which if not properly done will usually pile up in the center of the spool.
All reel manufactures list the gear ratio on their products. clicking off numbers as the spool revolves. For instance a high speed reel with a 6:1 ratio will make 6 revolutions versus a low speed reel at 3:1 with 3 revolutions per each turn of the reel handle. and lipless crank baits. and large muskie baits.1 are the best compromise if purchasing a single reel. This indicates the line rating set by the manufacturer for 8-12 lb test line to work correctly without either stressing parts or making it difficult to use. Rear drag spinning reels may offer convenience and ease of use. By varying the pound test line on the reel such as placing 40lb on a reel rated for 8lb-12lb will give you an inadequate amount of line due to the increased line thickness making the reel difficult to cast as well as increasing the stress and eventual failure on the drag (By setting the drag too tight) With the advent of new fishing lines with increased lb test and reduced diameters we still recommend that you follow guideline placed on the reel by the reel company. This chart is based on the use of monofilament line and will look like this: 8/(175) 10/(155) 12/(130) the first number is the lb test followed by the amount of yards. Lever drags are a available feature on high end (expensive) trolling and baitcasting reels. Digital line counters provide the same line usage reading as the analog but can also be programmed for
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. Another tip to reduce reel maintenance. the level wind feature automatically places the line evenly or level across on the spool upon retrieving the line. This offers the angler the convenience of not manually guiding the line on the spool. Leaving drag settings tight will cause the drag washers to become flat reducing the tension ability. Analog line counters resemble car odometers. The rear drag uses applied pressure on the drive shaft. on larger round bait casting reels the line guide will follow the line when casting.
Found on most baitcasting and trolling reels as the name implies. when storing your reels for a extended amount of time. spinnerbaits. Analog and Digital.Pull the line with your hand. Lever drags allows the tension to be adjusted in more precise smaller increments which supplies a smoother fish fighting performance.
This reel feature is found exclusively on trolling reels. multiple disc drag washers on the spool that offer a higher level of performance and durability.
Printed on the reel or it's package is a guideline of the amount of fishing line that the spool of the reel will hold. Dipsey Divers and Trolling Boards) There are two types of reel line counters. Reels with the range of 5.All you need to know about “FISHING”
drag features larger. Another alternative is a two speed reel that the angler can shift from high speed to low speed with a simple push or pull of a button. Generally low speed reels are best suited for lures that require a slow presentation and greater cranking power such as crank baits for bass and pike.
Each of these materials has its advantages and disadvantages.
REEL HOUSINGS AND FRAMES:
Most reel housings and frames are constructed of either aluminum (die-cast or forged) or graphite. some manufacturers have introduced one-piece graphite frames. from the early days using natural materials with fixed fishing lines such as sticks. bamboo and cane poles to rods using steel or fiberglass to the rods of today using graphite or composites of graphite.All you need to know about “FISHING”
differences in line thickness accounting for impressive accuracy. There are two common materials used. their bodies are composed of multiple pieces. This design increases the overall integrity and strength of the reel. Graphite-bodied reels are light and corrosion resistant. rods designed for a fishing technique or lure such as jigging. Line counters are also very useful on how much line is left on your reel after a fish makes a run. Spinning reels today feature a "skirted" spool that overlaps the reel frame.
ON / OFF FREE SPOOL LEVER:
On trolling reels there is a simple on/off lever that when switched on engages the reel for retrieving the line. elongated "long cast" spool design. using bronze or stainless steel that will offer the strength and capacity required for specialty lines such as heavy dacron or wire used for trolling. Line out alarms are available on baitcasting and spinning reels. however. used and developed by tournament and pro anglers. flippin. Other skirted spinning reel spool options offers a choice of a standard spool. preventing the line to become entangled with in the reel housing. machined anodized aluminum and graphite. fiberglass. With this development of the rod materials came the specialty rods.
LINE OUT ALARM:
This feature is a audible alarm alerting the angler of a fish strike also known as a clicker or bait alarm. the newer long-cast spool design allows for reduced line friction. for the recreational angler the catch rate will not increase based on having a specialty rod or rods. reels made of anodized aluminum are generally stronger and more durable than the graphite models. Always disengage the clicker when retrieving or casting. Many conventional baitcasting reels are also constructed in the same fashion.
Fishing Rods have evolved over the years. while maintaining the lighter weight. they are heavier. Always keep your thumb on the free spool to control the amount of line released to prevent a backlash. On many baitcasting aluminum spools holes have been drilled in to reduce the weight while increasing casting distance. crank baits.
. when switched off it is in free spool allowing the angler to let the line run off the reel using a bait or lure. A simple on-off switch is used in the free spool mode. which can break or crack under torque. top water etc… the specialty rods are a specific tool. however. or a shallower. They are mainly used for presenting live/cut bait on the ocean and freshwater muskie fishing using suckers. worm.
When selecting a reel the material type and design of the spool should be a point of consideration. Of the two the anodized aluminum spool offers greater strength and durability than graphite spools. boron and carbon. For big water heavy duty fishing large baitcasting and trolling spools are made from metal. trolling. resulting in greater casting distance. yet they normally don’t offer the same strength and durability as die-cast or forged aluminum fishing reels. Due to the nature of a spinning reel's design. pitchin. In theory. jerkbait. but place a specialty rod in the hands of an experienced fisherman in presenting a certain bait or lure and with their knowledge of fishing it will give them the edge in catching more fish.
5‘-6"-6‘-0" Spincast Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight Test Line Rating 4lb-8lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and Walleye. jerk baits.1/8oz Test line rating 4lb-6lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and early season Walleye spooled with 4lb test monofilament for Float(Bobbers) with live-bait. topwater) Length: 7’-0" Type: Baitcasting Rod Power: Extra Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight: 1-3oz Test line rating: 25lb + Fishing: Northern Pike and Muskies spooled with 50lb-80lb braided line with a leader for presenting heavy lures 1oz and up ( inline spinners. the better the rod the more sensitive it will be. rocks. With the numerous rod selections available today here’s a few suggested basic rod buying tips that will cover multiple fishing presentations. often as quietly as possible.1 oz Test line rating 10lb-17lb Fishing: Bass and Northern Pike spooled with 12lb-15lb test monofilament with a leader primarily for heavier artificial lures 3/8-1oz (spoons. you will be able to cast farther feel structure. Spooled with 6lb test. spinner baits.3/8oz Test Line rating 8lb-12lb Fishing: Walleye and Bass spooled with 8lb test monofilament for live bait and soft plastic bottom rigs. 7’-0" Spinning Rod Power: Medium Light-Medium Action: Moderate Lure Weight 1/8 . small jigs and light lures 1/16-1/8oz. gliders. crankbaits. and a good rod will definitely help you accomplish this. 7‘-0" Spinning Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight 1/32 . top water)
.All you need to know about “FISHING”
As the old cliché states: "You get what you pay for" For the recreational angler we recommend spending as much as your budget allows. inline spinners. the more responsive it will be. Good combo set-up for children and novice anglers for easy casting and bobber fishing. tubes and mid weight lures 1/8-3/8oz. crank baits. weeds and the most important feel fish strikes. 6’-6"-7’-0" Baitcasting Rod Power: Medium-Medium Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight 3/8 . spinner baits. Part of being a better angler is the ability to place your lure/bait exactly where you want it. jigs.
along with reaction lures such as crank baits. Rods with high graphite modulus ratings tend to be brittle and need to have a secondary chemical added on the blank to increase the strain/strength rate. Fast action rods are the best choice when the fishing technique requires the sensitivity of feeling light biting fish or when fishing for large game fish in heavy cover and weeds where the key is to setting the hook fast with just a snap of the wrist moving the fish’s head up and away. Action ranges from extra fast where just the tip flexes to slow or softer where the majority of the rod flexes. fast action light rods are used for jigs.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Fiberglass: Fiberglass rods have been popular since the 1950’s taking over the era of steel rods. The other term that rod companies use to identify a blank style is IM with a following number such as IM6 or 7 and currently up to 10. Fiberglass is also a very good choice for children starting out in fishing where durability is an issue. Some anglers use fiberglass when fishing crank baits for the slow action and muskie anglers use fiberglass in cold weather for quick strike rig sucker fishing where the rod sensitivity is not required but the toughness (setting the hook especially in very cold weather and not breaking the rod) is needed. at least you can compare the rods built by the same manufacturer. the cloth is measured to determine the amount and stiffness to weight of modulus fibers. For high performance rods the combination of fiber strength. soft plastic worms or twitching minnow/shad shaped crank baits for bass and walleye. in terms of performance and features fiberglass does lack the sensitivity of the newer rods today made from graphite and weighs more. For instance. but is noted for it’s toughness and soft/moderate action. Since some rod companies use the IM designation ratings to refer to their rod blanks that are not supplied by Hexcel. along with being strong and powerful to handle larger game fish. The IM rated rods are not regulated by industry standards or an indication of quality but rather a trade name for particular graphite produced by the Hexcel Corporation. the higher the rating the better the rod. sensitive and flexible. Most all quality rods today are built using graphite and have become the preferred choice for rod blank builders. Heavier fast action rods are used for Muskies & Pike in burning bucktails. In marketing graphite rods a few common terms have been developed to associate the quality of the rod. resin toughness with the amount of fiber. being assured that the higher the IM ranking the higher the graphite quality of the rod.
ROD RATINGS: ACTION / POWER
Action refers to the flex characteristics of a rod. The first is "modulus graphite rating". If your shopping for a new rod don’t base your decision solely on the modulus rating. graphite comes in what looks like sheets of cloth. spinner baits and spoons for bass and pike
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. walking top water lures or a cadence retrieve on gliders and jerkbaits. The moderate action rod is the most common choice due to the versatility of fishing applications.
Graphite rod building started in the 1970’s and has continued to this day. they're extremely light. The benefits of graphite rods are many. resin and cross-scrim construction (overlapping layers to achieve exceptional strength and action) are more important than the modulus count or rating. in casting a moderate action rod it will bend for about half of it’s length which will provide more casting distance and still have the capability for a adequate hookset. Ideal for slip bobbers/floats live bait for walleye fishing because the fish is less likely to feel resistance from the soft tip and drop the bait. in other words how much the rod bends when you put pressure on the tip and how far the rod flexes. This is called a composite blank. which is vital for light biting fish.
and when fighting a fish the energy/ stress on the rod is dispersed though out the entire rod blank. These rods are used for panfish especially for the paper thin mouths on crappies so the hook is not ripped clear on hooksets. Another alternative is cork tape to achieve the look of cork. durable. There are varying grades of cork based on the rod’s cost. It is important to follow the line test guideline limits printed on the rod since a heavy power rod will snap light lines too easily and heavy lines can snap a light rod. The thickness and type of rod material will determine this. Graphite is lighter and more sensitive. Cork is the preferred choice on rod handles as it is lightweight. which will spring back even if they're bent flat unlike the stainless guide that will break.
A rod’s power describes how much a rod will flex under a load also referred as a rod’s "backbone". Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish. the flex of the rod is considered the action. Quite often anglers get confused with rod power ratings and action. The overall purpose of the rod line guides manufactured today is to provide less friction along with reducing the line fray and wear in the guides during the cast. pike. muskie. these guides are lighter reducing the overall rod weight. as they ensure distance on the cast.
HANDLE / REEL SEATS:
The combination of a quality rod handle and reel seat are as important as the rod blank itself. Composite cork is made by combining a mixture of cork particles and resin. The total amount of line guides on a rod are a important feature as well. Slow or Soft Action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. As a example the power rating is listed on the rod. while aluminum is stronger. and bass in weeds and cover will require a strong power rod using heavier line. and heat definitely doesn’t help when it comes to fishing lines. Silicon Carbide or Hardloy.All you need to know about “FISHING”
where the slower action will not pull the lure out of the fish’s mouth. and are also popular for drift fishing spawn sac’s on trout and salmon streams.
ROD LINE GUIDES:
These are the circular loops affixed to the rod and run the length of the rod blank. this offers a smooth surface for the line to pass over. The rod handle is also referred to as "grips" and are located below and above the reel seat. The technology of rod guide designs has improved dramatically over the years from the old metal guides and the classic agate inserts of earlier rods. etc… some rod companies use a numerical system 1-10 with 1=Ultra Light-10= Extra Heavy. The newest line guide introduced is made from titanium wire. Less friction means longer casts and less heat. Depending of the rod power rating line guides are available in two different styles. Single foot guides adds less weight on the rod and help retain sensitivity.
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. The concept is simple. The double foot line guides are used when sensitivity is not required but strength is as they are wrapped twice on the rod blank. but they are not as smooth as rods using inserts. These are found on heavy to extra heavy power rods used for larger game fish. the higher amount of guides the better. on open water where hard to see light line is used for walleyes and crappies use a lighter power rod. and transmits rod vibrations even when wet better than synthetic materials using EVA foam. this combination is more durable than using straight cork. Some rods use line guides made of all stainless steel wire instead of inserts. Alconite. these are used for mainly ultra light to medium power rods. this allows the use of very light line. single and double foot. Another factor to consider is the fishing presentation. the higher the rod price the better quality of cork used. The rod’s power rating is closely related to the suggested line strength. power ratings are usually described as heavy. medium heavy. light. The reel seat is where the reel is attached to the rod and constructed of graphite and aluminum or both. Some reel seats offer a cutout that allows direct finger contact on the rod blank for greater sensitivity. medium. keeping the line from touching the rod. Most of the new guides today are made of two parts: a metal frame (stainless) attached to the rod blank and some form of a insert (inner ring) using Ceramic.
Understanding each of the line types and when to use them will increase one’s fishing success. dyneema. polyvinyl chloride. and lead. It
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. polyethylene. spectra. In choosing the best line for the type of fish being targeted one must consider many factors. Today monofilament is the most commonly used fishing line accounting most of the line sold today. melting and mixing of polymers which is formed into a strand through a die forming monofilament. flexibility. breaking strength. made public in 1938 as a new invention. fluorocarbon or copolymer fishing line. Modern day fishing lines are made entirely from artificial materials including nylon. Braided line is made by braiding or weaving man-made materials such as fibers of dacron. diameter and abrasion resistance. Using the proper line in presenting lures or live bait. dacron. No brand of line is perfect for all fishing conditions. spectra. Over the next two decades improvements where made (added flexibility. In 1939 DuPont began making nylon monofilament fishing line that was primitive by today’s standards (stiff and heavy) as braided line was considered still the popular choice by anglers.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Fishing Line & Leaders
Fishing line is by far the utmost important fishing equipment component for anglers. this created a group of synthetic super polymers that are commonly used in textile manufacturing today. as the line is the direct connection between the fisherman and the fish. uniform quality and thinner diameter) which increased the popularity with the fishing community. Wire line used on copper and stainless steel are also braided forming stranded lines Thermally fused lines are made of dyneema/spectra that is twined or clustered together to form a single line. wire. visibility. dyneema. The manufacturing of fishing lines vary from using a extrusion process. upon hooking a fish and landing the fish is the key to a successful catch. Yet many anglers are not aware about the new types of lines available today each with it’s own special use and qualities including stretch. the size and species of fish along with the type of fishing presentation and the most important matching the line to the tackle (rod-reel-lure-bait) used. knot strength. Here is a breakdown of each fishing line by type: Monofilament: In 1935 nylon was discovered by DuPont.
meaning it is heavier than water and sinks. With all of the options monofilament offers there are some line maintenance to follow. a common element that is chemically bonded with carbon. anglers began using fluorocarbon leaders. to create a polymer that can be formed by molding. Now. which will enable lures to dive deeper and faster than monofilament fishing lines. it will not weaken or increase in stretch like monofilament fishing lines
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. because fluorocarbon does not absorb water. battery acid or DEET (common ingredient found in insect repellents). so it resists deterioration by the sun and most chemicals found on fishing boats such as. The Japanese fish under heavy pressured conditions and make every attempt to make their presentations as real and lifelike as possible. primarily in saltwater and fly fishing applications. on discolored water they favor fluorescent. gasoline. When this occurs in casting it will come off the reel in loops or coils. Fluorocarbon: Fluorocarbon fishing leaders originated in Japan. It can be spooled on spinning. proper additives and attention during the manufacturing process as the premium grade lines receive. clear and fluorescent along with degrees of flexibility. baitcasting and spincast reels. Non-absorbing. However. A density of 1. Walleye and bass anglers use colored mono line when fishing jigs and soft plastic’s to detect strikes by watching the line. docks. The other is the combination of sun or heat. where the Japanese are extremely detailed about the presentation of their bait. blue. For casting lures around cover and rocky area’s abrasion resistant lower stretch clear line is recommended. storing your rod & reel outfit in a garage / shed over the hot summer months or leaving it outside exposed to the heat sun will deteriorate the line making it weak and brittle.6. Fluorocarbon is a polymer consisting of fluorine. yellow. green. the light passes through the line not reflecting back. logs etc. They pride themselves on their ability to do this. Ultimately. if the line has developed a chalky type film it is time to be replaced. extrusion or other heat processes thus the name fluorocarbon. which means if the line is stored on a reel for a extended amount of time it will form to the shape around the reel spool. leaders are stiff and very expensive. application of fishing line technologies has produced more flexible fluorocarbon at affordable prices. another common element. as the cheaper brands don’t receive the quality control. stiffness and abrasion resistant qualities. It is inert. All monofilament have a memory. and willingly spend more money to do so.S.All you need to know about “FISHING”
offers the angler versatility. as it is available in a selection of colors: red. It caught on when anglers reported catching more fish with it. U. Abrasion resistant against rocks.42 the same as water. for the same reason the Japanese were using it – low visibility. Finally in buying monofilament line stay with the known recognized brands than the cheap off brands bulk spools. conversely live bait fisherman like thin flexible translucent mono for a natural presentation. on clearer water clear or green is preferred. Monofilament is best used on shallower water presentations than deepwater fishing due to it’s high stretch and water absorption factors resulting in loose knots and lack of sensitivity. It is also almost invisible underwater with a light refractive index of 1.
The benefits of the super braids are numerous. is a combination of two or more nylon monomers to create a copolymer during the extrusion. lead core trolling lines and for ice fishing tip up lines. low stretch and absorbs less water allowing greater sensitivity even when wet unlike monofilament. pliable but yet abrasion resistant and have little stretch. The outcome of this resulted in a material that has additional benefits than monofilament. wrap a piece of electrical tape over the line and complete the spooling with tension applied. The invention of braided fishing line was also instrumental in the development as a coated or wrapped component of specialty fishing lines such as fly lines. particularly when compared to wet mono making it much more sensitive The popularity of fluorocarbon line used by anglers today is evident by the features listed above. with the low stretch it telegraphs strikes instantly to the rod tip for a immediate hook set. Over the wars years two new synthetic fibers were developed and employed as fishing line. Silk was the common used material with many maintenance issues. very abrasion resistant. higher impact and greater shock resistance. first Rayon considered at that time a artificial silk. then Dacron a polymer fiber know as polyester.Multifilament" ( by combining multiple fibers together during the process of braiding) the new synthetic fibers are thread like thin. Braided lines are extremely strong. the other option is using monofilament as a line backing spooled on the reel arbor first and tied using a uni-knot to the super braid also applying tension upon spooling. have a lower stretch factor. abrasion resistant. In the early 1990s fishing line companies began adding new man made fibers to their braiding process such as Dyneema.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Stretch resistance – fluorocarbon stretches slower and less than monofilament. Pike. high tensile strength. Braided: During the industrial period from the early 1900’s modern machinery was developed to manufacture braided fishing lines. Dacron braided line is still made today but with the advancements of monofilament along with the introduction of the new hybrid lines it has decreased in popularity by anglers and now primarily used for deep water trolling along with backing on fly reels. and Spectra this created a new category of braided lines referred as " Super Braids . Stripers. Copolymer fishing line features are smaller line diameters. Fluorocarbon offer’s the best advantage in clear water situations where fish are heavily pressured or slow to bite in finesse situations. Over the years new formulas have been added notably the addition of fluorocarbon which adds invisibility stealth factor to the line. this was considered the first commercial fishing line made in quantity. The process called copolymerization. washed and hung up to dry in order to prevent dry rot. Catfish and Saltwater anglers. If you choose to spool your reel entirely with a super braid tie the line on the reel arbor. along with the high break strength it is the primary line used by fisherman targeting big fish such as Muskie. Copolymer: In the mid 1980’s copolymer fishing line was introduced. (The lb test of mono should match the diameter of the super braid for uniformity and tying) Using a line backing conserves line usage as well as filling the spool. after a day of fishing silk lines had to be unspooled off the reel. It also has no memory so it won’t come off your reel in coils and it doesn’t weaken from direct sunlight. The common factor of all of the new super braids today is to provide the angler with the smallest diameter (ultrathin -microdiameter) with the highest break strength. better casting and less backlashes. in casting artificial lures they dive deeper and faster with longer casts due to the thin diameter. In spooling super braids on reels you have two options to prevent line slipping. take in to account that super braids have small line diameters and the line filling amounts listed on the reel are based on monofilament diameters. very strong. Use the lb/yards amount listed on your reel as
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The coating is slightly porous. depends on the condition of the coating.All you need to know about “FISHING”
a guide for spooling the super braid. As with all fishing lines the proper amount to fill a reel spool is within 1/8 of a inch from the top of the spool rim. Double Taper Shooting Taper and Level. often of PVC polyvinyl chloride. Fused: With the popularity of the new super braids incorporating the many features that Dyneema and Spectra micro fibers achieve: ultra thin diameter. Almost all fly lines are made in such a way so they have a taper that helps the casting process and presenting the fly lure for the angler.
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. With out proper care and maintenance a fly line (dependent on use) will only last one season or less. low stretch and high tensile strength. Fused line are multiple layers of microfilament gel spun polyethylene fibers fused/twined together to produce a single strand of line. The outer coating is wrapped around the core in a thick water proof sheath. Line performance. the core determines the line strength. for instance if a 50lb super braid has the diameter equivalent of 12lb mono and the line capacity on the reel is 175 yds/12lb with the filler spool at 150 yards you will need to add approximately 20 yards of mono backing. As most fly lines today are under a 100 yards this will ensure a adequate reserve in case of a run by large game fish as well as filling the spool to the proper capacity. First the fly line backing (The fly reel instructions will provide the suggested amount of backing) which is usually composed of braided Dacron using 20-30lb test. The end results are a high performance line. two are the most popular Weight Forward and Double Tapered. The inner core is made from a braid or monofilament line. Here’s a few tips and pointers to extend the life of your fly line. and next is the tippet the section of monofilament between your fly and leader. it slowly releases the lubricant. superior strength. Of the four. Cleaning your fly line: All leading fly line manufacturers build a lubricant inside of the outer coating. Be sure to replace leaders and tippets as they show any wear or abrasion. Fly line tapers have four major categories: Weight Forward . Floating line has encased micro bubbles allowing the line to float. sinking line has impregnated density micro particles such as powdered tungsten to weigh the line for a controlled sink rate. The final steps are attaching the leader (typically tapered) of monofilament or fluorocarbon using a nail knot which provides a clean and straight connection from the fly line. this will reduce the chance of knot failure. ultra thin. stretch and stiffness. In order to spool a fly reel properly there are a set of steps to follow along with a knowledge of basic fishing knots. this is secured to the reel spool by using a Arbor Knot. From casting the fly line will pick up suspended particulate in the water such as algae and dirt from stripping the line when your fishing from the shore. The next step is the main fly line this is connected to the backing using a Albright Knot. keeping the line slick and floating. Imbedded in the outer core will determine the classification of floating or sinking line. As you assemble the fly line set-up make sure you moisten all the knots when drawing them tight slowly. Since the line backing (Dacron) and the fly line (plastic) are different materials the Albright Knot will slide easily through the line guides. Fly Line Maintenance: Fly lines do have a life span. even with all of the new fly line technology prevalent today. however. Being that the leader and the tippet are two similar diameters a Double Surgeons knot is suitable. Fly Line: Today’s fly lines consist of two components the inner core and outer coating. very sensitive with good abrasion resistance. always test each knot by giving a good hard pull. Innovative fishing line companies realized this and introduced a new manufacturing process called fusion. Finally the fly lure is attached to the tippet using a Improved Clinch Knot.
the inner wire made of soft pliable lead and the outer sheath of nylon braid which is color coated every ten yards for metering purposes referred as the term colors.All you need to know about “FISHING”
This clogs the line pores preventing the lubricant from doing it's job as the line will not float as well or slide through the rod guides easily. after the weighted line is spooled a monofilament/fluorocarbon leader is tied using a Uni-knot. the weight of line and the numerous different taper configurations. The fly line. In storing your fly line on your reel if it develops line memory and comes off in coils simply remove the line and slowly give it a stretch. by wiping down the amount of line you use on a cast. Steelhead and Walleye anglers the ability to use light weight shallow running lures such as spoons. too light of line will inhibit the rod to load and will not be able to flex in the casting process causing short non controlled cast.( Note: When tying backing or a leader to lead core remove the inner wire) This entire line set-up is referred as "segmented" which when properly used places the weighted line and lure at the feeding depth of fish. Using the correct fly line matched to the rod is critical for proper fly casting. Trolling weighted (lead core) line is a technical presentation requiring a level of expertise and knowledge. Your best bet in the selection process of a fly rod outfit is first to research the fishing presentation and species you are fishing for most of the time and match the recommended set-up. The approximate rule dependent on the lb test is every two yards of weighted line will sink one foot. For instance if you intend to fish mainly for sunfish on ponds or small streams for trout a five or six weight line and rod would be the choice if you target pike and bass using larger fly lures or streamers you should consider a eight or nine weight rod. Always keep your fly line away from direct contact with insect repellants (Deet) suntan lotions. Lead Core (Weighted Trolling Line) Lead Core line came on to the fishing scene during the 1970’s as weighted trolling line.200 yard spools ranging from 12lb to 45 lb test ratings. Floating or sinking. Fortunately fly fishing tackle manufactures have adapted a universal numerical measurement scale to classify fly line weight to the specific rod and type of fly fishing. The scale ranges from 1-14 with 1 the lightest to 14 the heaviest. The amount of weighted trolling line spooled on your reel is totally dependent on the species of fish you are targeting by the depth required. Fly Line Selections: For the beginning fly fishing angler there are a multitude line choices available today which can be confusing to say the least. This allowed Salmon.
. and any type chemicals or solvents. With this information any good fly fishing pro shop will be able to assist you in setting up your fly fishing outfit. Lake Trout. Recently a new environmentally safe non lead line was introduced using a metal alloy wire in lieu of lead. fuel or excessive heat. not the lure size determines the rated fly rod and reel set-up. The only reel type to be used for weighted trolling line is a conventional level wind trolling reel. Never cast without a leader. Lead Core is constructed of two components. as a example Great Lakes walleye anglers may use 30 yards of weighted line or three colors were as a salmon angler may spool the entire 200 yards or twenty colors. In spooling the reel a line backing should always be used this also helps to fill the reel to the proper line amount. avoid stepping on the stripped line and always check your reel for pinched line between the spool and the reel frame. This can be remedied by cleaning your fly line with a clean damp cloth and some mild soap. it should revert back to perform perfectly. Weighted trolling lines are available in 100 . if you use too heavy of line this will cause "overloading" causing the leader to turn over and bounce back to the angler. the line capacity is based on the species ( smaller for walleyes larger for salmon). The most popular line backing used today is the super braids which is tied to the weighted line using a Albright knot. If your considering using this trolling technique your success would be best served if you research the fishery and species before purchasing the proper equipment. balsa and plastic minnow lures to reach depths were the fish are present.
As a general rule fishing line should be at least respooled annually. then attach various different types of leader materials. rods require hardened line guides that wire won't cut along with a roller tip or all line guides using rollers. especially if you ask a friend to help you. Line degradation is caused by numerous different effects. coated wire. some are environmental such as exposed to sunlight and heat for a extended amount of time other's are physical. reels are trolling level wind with a metal or stainless steel spool to accommodate wire line. logs. this is commonly overlooked as some angler's feel the existing line on the reel is sufficient. Stranded offers many versions made of stainless steel or copper. in asking when the line was changed the response was similar "never" or "years ago". Also with the heavier lb test it is easier to handle in cold weather and are less prone to tangle on the ice. if you feel any nicks. All fishing line needs to be replaced at one point. Depending on the amount of fishing you do will determine line changing frequency. it also has very low line stretch thus telegraphing fish strikes as they happen. Solid wire know as Monel is a metal nickel copper alloy which will go deeper than stranded based on the ultra thin line diameter and weight.
Line Maintenance / Spooling your reel: Line replacement is highly important yet often neglected. The line backing on tip ups are waterproofed by either coating a braid using Teflon or plastic vinyl wrapped over a braid. Just
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. solid and stranded. Tip-Up Line: (Backing) Tip Up’s are a fishing tool used for ice fishing. One of most popular wire line for freshwater fishing is the seven stranded six wrapped or braided around one. wire line with the weight and the ultra low diameter cuts through the water easily getting deeper using less line. 49 strand. such as seven strand wire. frays or twists remove that section of line and retie. We highly recommend if you're looking to use wire as a trolling outfit. underneath the tip up the reel is submerged in the water. periodically check this by running your line between your fingers. tournament anglers and pro guides replace line daily. Getting set-up with a wire line outfit requires all special equipment. Filling A Revolving-Spool Reel: Baitcasting and trolling reels are the easiest to spool up. three and seven strand wire some of these come with vinyl coatings used mainly as leader material. tip up’s are built from plastic or wood which lay on the ice. monofilament or fluorocarbon. Wire lines come in a variety of choices. On the reel most ice fishing anglers use a line backing of 20lb to 40lb test to fill the spool. For practical purposes most line wear occurs in the first few feet from your lure or bait. upon a strike allowing a fish to run with the bait (free spool) until the angler set’s the hook. The purpose behind the waterproof backing is not to let the line to freeze on the reel. as fishing line becomes wet and dry over time it eventually breaks down and wears out. One of the most common problems in using wire starts with correctly spooling the backing and wire on the reel to the proper level. Copper seven strand is utilized as a alternative to lead core where as the weight of copper is double than lead core this achieves the same depth of lead core with only half the amount of line. other fisherman that spend a lot of time on the water replace line weekly or monthly. go to a pro shop that specializes in wire line rods and reels. The advantages of using wire line are numerous when compared to other conventional lines such as braided or monofilament. in cable-laid wire. Fishing wire with the proper knowledge and set-up will add another dimension to your arsenal increasing your catch rate. In writing this we can attest to the numerous times trophy fish where lost due to line breakage. docks or other lake structure.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Wire: Wire is another trolling line option especially if your fishing presentation requires to go very deep. line scraping across rocks.
consistent tension on the line at all times (by gently pinching the line between your thumb and forefinger) to avoid loose wraps that might cause tangling later. 1. where other applications may require you to tie it onto your mainline or attach or tie your own lure on. stainless steel wire. Your helper should maintain slight inward pressure on the supply spool to prevent it from overrunning. titanium. Yes. If the line is twisting flip the supply spool over. Pull old line off reel through line guides until you have enough room on spool for new line. Leaders are the segment of material attached between the fishing line and the lure or bait. hard monofilament.
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. coated or uncoated. Spin-cast reels do not hold very much line. Check this periodically because spinning reels automatically put twist in your line.All you need to know about “FISHING”
remember to maintain a moderate. they are that important. you should use this method to prevent putting a twist in the line. 3. so remove the reel cover partway every now and then to make sure you do not overfill the enclosed spool. Don't overfill. It is what connects you and your equipment to the lure and hopefully with some luck. Hold line tight with hand not turning reel handle just above reel 6. except remember to thread the line through the hole in the front of the reel. Filling A Spinning Reel: Because the spool of a spinning reel does not rotate. Leaders are often one of the most overlooked pieces of equipment that we use. You must use the right application for the right type of fishing you will be doing. 1)Insert a pencil into the supply spool to allow the fishing line to feed smoothly off the spool. Leaders are made of a variety of materials today such as: single strand wire. Lay spool of new line of floor so line comes off spool just like it goes on reel spool 5. Filling a Closed-Faced Spin-Cast Reel Fill a closed-faced spin-cast reel the same way you would a spinning reel. Some are ready to tie onto your mainline and clip on a lure and start fishing. Tie new line to end of old line with a blood knot or a uni-knot 4. Reel line onto reel slowly. 2) Fill the reel within 1/4-inch of the outer rim of the revolving spool. seven strand wire. making sure it is spooled firmly 7. If your leaving existing line always leave some line from spool through rod guides and past end of rod to tie new line to. your catch. and to keep proper tension on the line. If this is a new reel or if you wish to completely place new line on the spool your reel use an arbor knot to tie your line onto the spool. They are also availible in various lengths and sizes as well. After about 12 turns allow some slack between the supply spool of line and your rod to be sure you are not getting line twist.
Leaders: Using a proper leader can be the difference between a successful fishing trip and one that ends up so to speak in the tank. 2. Have someone hold each end of the pencil while you turn the reel handle. and fluorocarbon.
take a few extra minutes to do an inspection of what you are purchasing. It might make the difference between a smiling photo or going home disapointed. Always be sure to consider what the weight limit or pound test is on the leader you may be using. If there is too much to choose from and you simply cannot figure it out ask a store employee for a hand and they can help you make the right selection. Once you determine what pound test you are going to go with. Take a look at the swivels. So the next time you are ready to go fishing and need to run into your local sporting goods supply to just grab some leaders. The last thing you want is for it to come open on that trophy fish of a lifetime. Consider the size lure you will be using and make sure the snap doesnt open and close too easily. A rule of thumb to go by is to always remember the lighter leader you use the higher your risk of being bit off or having leader failure can be. This pretty much boils down to personal preferance. Same care to be given when choosing a proper snap. Most tackle shops will carry a variety of leaders to choose from. Your leader can be the strongest or the weakest link in your set up. Not to say using a light leader is wrong. and in time you will figure out what you are most comfortable using. some are both.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Obviously you dont want to use a large musky leader to go walleye fishing nor do you want to bring a small walleye or pike leader to use when you are after trophy musky. so you must give just as important care in choosing the correct leader for the job at hand as you would determining which lure to use. Some leaders are tied. make sure they move freely and that they apear to be large enough or small enough to handle the task at hand. consider the hardware that is on the leader. however just understand that you may have to be willing to accept the consequences. some are crimped.
bait as well as a fish. When tying a knot give it a smooth strong pull to complete it on your lure. Always retie your knot before a new trip and check your knot frequently when fishing. The ability to tie a correct knot will save you from losing lures. This reduces the heat from friction that causes slight abrasions when you pull it tight. hook or leader. Always leave a little extra line before clipping the tag end after completing your knot some knots slip slightly. Better to know your knot is tied correctly than losing a big fish. Over time all knots start to weaken in some degree. By leaving a little tag is good insurance that your knot is tied correctly.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Your fishing line is only as strong as the knot used to tie it. Listed below are good choices to learn and a few tips:
Always moisten the knot before snugging it up.
Arbor Knot Improved Clinch Knot Spider Hitch Palomar Knot Dropper Loop Knot Albright Knot Float Stop Knot Surgeon's Knot Uni-to-Uni Knot Snell Knot Nail Knot Trilene Knot Blood Knot
. Don’t be timid about testing it with a couple good pulls. all knots will weaken with use.
3. Slide tight against the eye and clip the end. Hold the tag end and standing line while coils are pulled up. Pass the line through the eye of hook. thread end of line through the first loop above the eye. Holding the coils in place.
. 2. 3. making sure the coils do not overlap each other. Finally. Double back and wrap the end 5 times around the standing line. then through the big loop. given that it only takes a few seconds more to tie an Improved Clinch knot. When tightened. The tag end is then tied in an overhand knot around the running line. an overhand knot is tied in the tag end. How to Tie It: 1. swivel. the overhand knot in the tag end jams against the overhand knot tied around the running line
Improved Clinch Knot
What It Does: Ties a medium.All you need to know about “FISHING”
What it does: Its primary use is to attach fishing line to the arbor/spool of a fishing reel. In fact. Why is it useful: It secures the fishing line on your reel arbor/spool How to tie it: 1. it's much less likely to break when you've got a bigger fish on the line. swivel or lure. or hook.to heavy-weight line to a lure. Why It's Useful: Compared to a regular clinch knot. An arbor knot is tied by first passing the line around the reel arbor. there's no reason to tie a regular clinch knot on anything but the lightest line. 2.
then form a loop. 4. the knot must be perfectly tightened (no overlapping coils!) or it will cut itself. 3. Wrap the doubled end 5 times around your thumb and the loop. The one downside is that the knot could cut the line if not tightened perfectly. Pull the loop slowly and steadily so thewound sectionslides naturally off the thumb. 2. taking care not to let go. Pass the end through the loop.
. Double the line. Then pull on both ends to tighten knot. Again. holding it between your thumb and forefinger. Why It's Useful: Almost as strong (retaining over 80% of line strength) and much faster & easier than a Bimini Twist.All you need to know about “FISHING”
What It Does: Doubles a line for added strength. How To Tie It: 1.
Without closing the loop. relatively simple to tie. 4. and pull the entire leader through the loop. How to Tie It: 1. 2. wrap both the tag end of line and leader around the loop again.
.All you need to know about “FISHING”
What It Does: Securely ties together a line and a leader of very different diameters. 3. Clip closely to avoid getting caught in guides. parallel to each other. Pull both lines and both endstogether until theknot becomes tight. and less likely than most knots to damage the thinner of the two lines. as if they were a single piece of line. Align the line and leader end-to-end. with 6" to 8" of overlap. Tie both lines in an overhand knot. Why it's Useful: Strong.
Clip off the tag end. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook.
. Why It's Useful: Among the strongest knots for its purpose. swivel or lure. Double four inches of line into a loop and pass it through the eye of your hook. 5. 2 & 3. Allow the hook to dangle. How to Tie It: 1.Pulling at both ends of the line. tighten the knot. and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. being careful NOT to twist the lines or tighten the knot. 4.All you need to know about “FISHING”
What It Does: Attaches a hook or other terminal tackle to your line. the Palomar is also fairly easy to tie.
How to Tie It: 1. 3. 4. lure. 2. Why It's Useful: Used to attach a second leader. Make a circular loop in the line.without letting the twists unravel .just be sure it doesn't come out) pull on both ends of the line to bring the wraps together. or fly to a line.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Dropper Loop Knot
What It Does: Creates a loop in a line while maintaining most of the line's strength.While holding the dropper loop in place (do not pull on the loop . Where each end meets the loop. Wrap one end through the loop.pull the loopthrough the hole between the two sets of twists.
. make3 to 5 twists as shown then .
Clip off the tag end of the fly line and the backing. while sliding the knot back towards the loop with your right (but not all the way off).loopedline with your left hand. Pull gently on both ends of the heavier. 5. it's also considerably more difficult to tie. 4. Start next to your fingers and working toward the loop. Pull both ends of the lighter line. 3. Pull the standingend of the lighter line to remove the loop you were holding between your leftthumb and index finger. 6. wrapping it fairly tightly 8 to 12 times.
What It Does: Joins two lines (line & leader) of vastly different diameters. Start by doubling back a couple of inches ofthe heavierline and hold the loop with your left thumb and forefinger.Push the tag end of thelighter linethrough the loop on the opposite side from where it originally ran it through the loop.All you need to know about “FISHING” 5. How to Tie It: 1. so both strands of the lighter lineexit on the same side of the loop.
. Runabout 10 inches of thethinner line through theloop. 2. Why It's Useful: Creates a much smaller and smoother connection than a Surgeon's Knot without sacrificing strenght. then pull as tight as possible onboth strands of the heavy line with your left hand and both strands of the light line with your right hand. You now have a loop to which you may attach a bait. and use your right hand to wrap the tag end of thelighter line back over both strands of the heavier line as well as the lighter line itself. That said. fly. pinch thethinner linebetween your left thumb and forefinger (without letting go of the loop).While holding the loop. Moisten the knot.The Albright is far less likely to get caught in guides than a Surgeon's Knot. or leader using another kind of knot.
What it does: Ties two lines together.Pull ends to tighten. to joining linesof vastly differenttest strength (up to 10x different in some cases).If usingsoft monofilament. 2. Use about 5 inches of nylon.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Float Stop Knot
What it Does: Creates a barrier to stop a float from sliding past a certain point on a line. This can beprevented (or at least slowed down) by using a loop for your free end on the braided line and otherwise tying the knot as described below. the Uni-knot and variants like the Uni-to-Uni knot can be used for everything from tying hooks to light line.
.Uni-knots also provide an unbeatable100 % knot strength in most cases. 3. How to Tie It: 1. as if you're tying a Suregon's Knot. Why it's useful: Highly versatile. or else a braided line to a monofilament leader.Take either end of the line being knotted and wrap them twice around each other. Why it's Useful: Prevents a float from running up a line . Wrap the line to be knotted 2 or 3 times around the line with the float. of the same diameter as the line the float is on.essential for controlling your presentation when float fishing. just be aware that a braided line could potentially cut the leader.
4. Overlap the two linesby roughly 6". Pull both ends to get the knots tighter.
.Wrap the end six times aroundboth lines. 5. then trim if necessary. withaninch or two sticking out past your fingers. passing through the large loop on the finalpass. 2.All you need to know about “FISHING”
How to Tie It: 1. form aloop and pinch it between your thumb and forefinger. 3. Pull the end to tighten the knot.With one end. Repeatsteps1-3 withthe end of the other line.
leader. towards the barb. the nail knot has a very smooth. and nail. Grasping the end near the barb and the end on the other side of the eyelet. then wrap the leader 5 more times around the line. towards the barb. On the final wrap. and simple to tie. Take the heavier end of your leader in yourright hand and form a 2" loop around the nail and fly line. slowly pull the leader until it is almost tight. Slide the loops up against the eye. pass the end back through the looped leader. Do it
. reliable. 3. Wrap the end tightly around the leader and hook shank7 or 8times. How to Tie It: 1. 2. The nail knot is moderately complex. Just note that you can only use the Snell knot with a leader.Hold the nail/tube and the end of the fly line between the left thumb and forefinger ofyour lefthand (with roughly 2"of the fly line and the tube sticking out). and not recommended for big fish as it relies on the fly line's coating for strength. Trim the end hanging towards the barb. then hold the loop down so that enough is sticking out to wrap several times around the leader and hook shank.Pinch the hook and leader endtogether between your leftthumb and index finger right where it exits the eye.
What it does: Used to attach leader butt to fly line or to attach backing to fly line Why it's useful: The most popular knot for attaching leaders and leader but to fly line. How to Tie It: 1. a particularly thin ballpoint pen).All you need to know about “FISHING”
What it does: Connects a leader to a baited hook. Though it doesn't necessarily require a nail.. but few other knots give you this smooth a connection. so that it points towards the barb. then grip the short end with pliers and completely tighten the knot. you will need a tube of comparably narrow diameter to tie it (e. Pass one end of the leader throungh the eye of the hook so that it sticks outone or two inches past the eye.g. low profile that allows it to slide easily through guides. Why it's useful: Strong. make a large loop. Pinch the loop down with your left hand.
and the standing line in your right hand. "seat" the knot with one hard pull on the fly line. 3. then pass the end through the loopcreated where you doubled back in step 1. 2. How to tie it: 1. then fully tighten the knot by pulling on the leader until it "bites" into the fly line. Finally. and you're done. Then carefully remove the nail. check the wraps to be sure they're smooth. and you're done. Trim tag end to 1/8 inch. moistening it with water while you do so to lubricate the line (allowingthe loopsto slide together more easily). 3. Thread the line through the eye of the hook or lure.Holding the hook or lure in your left hand. 2.Grab all the loops with your left hand. running alongside the nail. Pull gently on both ends of the leader (don't pull the fly line!) to partially tighten the knot. Trim the ends. then double back through the eye a second time. so that the loops butt up against each other. Why it's useful: Easy to tie and very strong.
. hooks and lures. then carefully slide the end of the leader back into the opening.All you need to know about “FISHING” tightly. snaps.
What it does: The Trilene Knot can be used to join line to swivels. Pull gently on the tag end and the standing line to tighten.wrap the tag end around the standing line 6 times. Moisten. the Trilene Knot resists slippage better than most simple knots. and be sure to leave 1/2 to 3/4" of the end sticking out.
How to tie it: 1. 4. then pull. a blood knot can run smoothly through rod line guides.
.All you need to know about “FISHING”
What it does: The blood knot is used for joining two lines of similar thicknesses. Trim the ends. Bring the end back through the opening between the two lines. Make sure the ends are pointing in opposite directions after you pass them through the opening. 3. 2. whereas other comparably strong knots might get stuck. be advised that a blood knot will reduce overall line strength by around 40%. and there you have it� a blood knot. Cross over the ends of the lines by 6-8 inches and twist one of the lines 5 times (or more) around the other. Why it�s useful: An easy knot with a relatively low profile. However. then repeat with steps 1 and 2 with the other end of the same line.
To make it more
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. and then take a couple of quick strokes to each side of the hook Don’t be misled that new hooks out of the box are always sharp especially the cheap hooks that are made of soft poor quality steel. In this section we will review Terminal Tackle: Hooks. These hooks can be expensive compared to conventional hooks. minnow or leech will catch more fish. but the advantage is a super sharp hook right out of the package. That way you can find the appropriate hook. Small hooks also penetrate quicker than larger hooks upon the fish strike. weight. Bobbers & Basic Rigging
With all of the advancements made today in the fishing world with “new lifelike fancy expensive lures that flash and swim on their own” sometimes just a plain ol' hook. A dull hook will skate across your nail with out digging in. Weights. The bottom line is always use a sharp hook. How they are used and properly rigged for a successful set-up. To test your hook simply draw the hook point across your fingernail. reduces the ability to detect fish strikes in their fishing presentation. generally when a single number is used such as size 12 verses a size 8 the higher the number the smaller the hook.
Fishing Hooks As a rule. weight and bobber with a hunk of worm. Carry your Terminal Tackle Get organized with a rig box with small compartments. There is no standard when it comes to classifying a hook size. a sharp hook will leave a light scratch and digs in to your nail. using too large of a hook. When necessary touch up the hook point by using a hook file or sharpening stone. Another option is to use chemically sharpened hooks. simply draw the hook sharpener against the point of your hook a few times (parallel to the shank) on the bottom. use the smallest hook possible. Sinkers.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Fishing with Hooks. Even high quality hooks will dull over time and use by hitting rocks and debris in the water. The best application is to select the lightest possible terminal tackle suitable for the condition and the species of fish. The classification system ranges from 1 largest to 32 smallest. Hook Sizes When it comes to hook sizes it tends to be little confusing. Sharp hook points will catch more fish than dull hooks. Small hooks allows the live-bait presentation to look natural. Many quality hook manufactures offer a line of hooks that are made of higher grade steel and then dipped in a chemical bath which gives the hook a super sharp hook point. bobber for most fishing situations. Bobbers (Floats) and Swivels. heavier than needed weight with a oversized bobber presenting a unnatural look. Always test your hook for sharpness. One of the biggest mistakes made by the novice angler is over rigging.
The light wire limits excessive puncturing on minnows which helps them live longer on the hook. that secures the fish from unhooking.
Popular Common Hook Types:
Aberdeen Light wire long shank hook.the end of the hook that is connected to the fishing line or lure. the additional barbs on the shank holds the bait more effectively. the eye .the distance between the shank and the point. the barb .
.that portion of the hook that connects the point and the eye.the projection extending backwards from the point.All you need to know about “FISHING”
confusing hooks that are sized using a fraction type. and the gap . perfect for Panfish.
Bait Holder The bait holder hook is one of the most popular live bait hook styles today. the long shank allows the angler easy removal of the hook from panfish that tends to swallow the bait. such as night crawlers leeches and red worms. Crappie and light biting Walleyes under a slip bobber or attached bobber rig.aught) compared to a 1/0 the sizing system is reversed so the higher the number the larger the hook. for example 5/0 ( pronounced five . the bend and shank .the sharp end that penetrates the fish's mouth or flesh. 1/0 is the smallest up to the largest hook at 19/0 The Anatomy of a Fish Hook The parts fish hook are referred as: It’s point.
just maintain tension and the fish will hook itself in the corner of the mouth as the fish moves away. the inward bend of the hook point allows the hook to slide along the inside of the fish’s throat until it reaches the mouth. A sharp pulling hook set is not required. Sturgeon and Muskies anglers.
Octopus The extra gap and rounded shape of Octopus hooks are very popular and used for most species of fish. designed with a turned up eye and offset bend.
Rotating A special compound curve on the offset/rotating hook automatically turns when a fish bites on the bait. The Octopus is ideal for rigging cut bait for Catfish or Salmon. minnows for Bass.
Egg Commonly called salmon egg hook. so the hook rides upward along with the placement of a barb on the shank which holds the bait. The lip hook rate using a circle hook is about 95% it also reduces the mortality rate of fish to be released to fight another day. The salmon egg hook is used primarily for drift fishing along current by using natural or imitation salmon eggs.
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. worms and grubs for Salmon and Trout. Pike and Walleyes and are good choice for building crawler harnesses. Upon a fish swallowing your bait. Very popular hook for Catfish. They are available in a assortment of painted or metallic colors.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Circle Circle hooks are a excellent choice for live bait catch and release anglers. spawn sacs.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
The sweeping rotational curve places the point in position for penetration from any angle. Bring the hook point out of the lure. The offset/ rotating hook twists. The treble is mainly used on artificial lures and spoons attached by using a split ring. adjust the eye so it is just inside the lure. stumps. turn the hook straight and insert the hook point into the body. Treble hooks today comes in a assortment of colors as well as feathers tied on as a trailer/teaser hook on lures.
Offset/Worm Worm hooks are used for fishing soft plastic's lures. and pull the shaft of the hook through until the eye is at the head.
Weedless The weedless hook has a light wire wrapped on the shank formed in a loop that covers the point of the hook. holds bait better and hooks fish better.
. Upon a fish striking the bait the wire compresses exposing the hook point. This allows the hook to be fished in weeds logs.
Treble Treble hooks are a single eye of three hooks fused together with three shanks evenly spaced. rocks and lily pads. The front bend on a worm hook is used to lock lures such as worms and lizards from moving down the shank by simply inserting the hook point into the head of the lure down about a 1/4 inch. Used on Texas and Carolina Rigs. trees.
Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 . watch your line as well as many fish will strike the rig on the fall.
.3/16 . Tie on the hook using a Palmor or a Improved Clinch Knot Optional: Plastic or Glass Bead between the weight and hook. When casting or flipping try to let the rig enter the water with as little noise as possible and keep some controlled slack in the line. or use a screw in bullet weight.7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting. let the rig rest on the bottom and then begin to retrieve in a very slow. thumb bar line release medium line capacity. The presentation is placement as close to cover (weeds. Insert the hook about 3/8" through the nose of the soft plastic bait.4/0 .3/4 -1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 Small Soft Plastic's 3/0 . Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Texas Rig The Texas rig is adaptable to all types of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush. logs) as possible. If you don�t get a bite. To make the weight stationary peg the bullet with a piece of toothpick.1/2. In setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait. pushing hook completely through.1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 . What you need for a Texas Rig Assortment of Bullet Sinkers (Lead Brass or Steel) 1/8 .
No bass fishing arsenal is complete without knowledge and how to fish the Texas rig. The Texas rig is adaptable to all kinds of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush.5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Soft Plastic Lures Worms /Lizards/Grubs/Crawfish How to Rig Thread the Bullet Sinker on the line making sure the nose of the sinker faces the rod tip. jerk pause motion. Considered a finesse technique not a search bait such as inline spinner crank bait or spinner bait. Line: 10 lb to 14 lb testlow stretch monofilament. Always keep little tension on the line because learning this technique is a lot about learning to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish.
until it reaches the bottom thus requiring patience to fish it correctly.
Fishing Weights (Sinkers) Fishing weights (sinkers) are made from two basic materials lead and steel. This will help insure a good hook set. The two types of sinkers are: attached on the line by pinching. It is a good idea to push the hook through a couple of times to make a small hole or channel in the plastic. Insert the point of the hook into the body of the bait.
Split Shot Rig This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. The nice thing is. twisted on using rubber insert or tied directly to your line (Bottom Bouncers / Bead Chain Sinkers). you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. the split shot rig gently moves downward after a cast. just pinch it on and off.All you need to know about “FISHING” Embed the offset portion on the upper shank of the hook into the nose of the soft plastic.
This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. using line 4-8lb test on a light to medium light spinning rod and reel set-up. Removes just as easy by pinching the other end. Used for live bait and lures. Unlike the other rigs mentioned Texas. The nice thing is. This makes it weedless. The same principle applies in using sinkers for your set-up use the lightest possible sinker in order to detect fish strikes. The other is sliding: which allows the fishing line to slide or pass through the weight from a hole or a eyelet. just pinch it on and off. this locks the soft plastic lure on the hook Insert the point of the hook back into the soft plastic making sure the bait hangs straight. Fishing with the split shot rig is considered a finesse technique by adding a split shot sinker in front of your live bait offering. Popular Common Sinkers / Weights Types:
Split Shot Pinches easily onto your line where you want to set depth at. Carolina and the sliding sinker rig that are primarily fished on the bottom.
The placement of the split shot is more versatile and adjustable than most anglers think. To add depth to your lure for trolling add a split shot or for increased depth add a rubber core sinker. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. it is excellent for open water covering vertical structure. The split-shot rig is also effective around floating boat docks. The general consensus is position the split shot 18 inches above the hook. Conversely by placing the split shot 3 feet or more up the line will minimize the action of the live bait. Different size shot change the lure's sink rate and you can vary retrieve speeds to produce an enticing "up and down" action. If the slack in the line tightens or you feel a slight tick you have a bite.All you need to know about “FISHING” There is no wrong way to fish this rig. giving a pronounced action. Avoid keeping the line too tight this will take away the natural presentation of the bait. it is also surprisingly good in light timber using a weedless hook and a light split shot where the weight isn�t heavy enough to pull it down into the branches. This finesse technique is used for shallow water or clear water fish that have been seeing a lot of action. Tie on your lure of choice. How to Rig Tie a hook on the line using a Improved Clinch Knot. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers. Add split shot
. As a finesse technique this will require the angler to keep alert while using this rig. watch the line after the cast for any subtle changes or sideway movement a twitch means you have a bite. But by placing it closer to the bait like within a 12" or less the bait will react more like a jig. Tackle Suggestions Rod: 6-6 to 7-0 foot-Light to Medium Light/ Medium Action Spinning Reel: Light Spinning balanced with the rod Line" 4-8 lb test monofilament What you need for a split shot rig Weight/Sinkers All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. which gives the bait adequate freedom of movement. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. then add one or two split shot sinkers starting about 1 foot above the lure. steep breaklines sloping banks and bluffs where fish suspend. The closer the weight is to the bait the more precise your casting will be. Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Tip Add a split shot in front of a floating crankbait or a rigged soft plastic bait. where fish often hang under. upon engaging the reel beginning the retrieve keep the bait moving on a semi-tight line leaving a little slack. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. make a easy sweep upward to set the hook and keep the pressure on the fish. Rigging minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #4-#6-#8.
set the hook.
The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round
. but requires a very light touch and feel to detect what is the bottom and what is a fish. The rig is cast upstream in the current and allowed to sink to the bottom. Suggested Tackle: The basic rod and reel set-up for fishing the stream rig is light for the sensitivity. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water. this is where the angler must pay close attention to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish. Any bump. many anglers prefer longer light. Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish in the current this allows the use of light line. As the split shots on the rig and bait ticks along the bottom. The long soft action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. At this point the rig is moving slower than the dead drift portion of the drift and more fish are apt to see and strike the bait quartering than coming straight at them. by applying pressure pulls the split shot off the dropper saving the hook and swivel. The basic presentation of the rig is relatively simple. If you're unsure . The stream rig is very similar to the three way rig with the exception of the sinker dropper line which uses a series of split shots instead of a casting (bell) sinker. twitch or pulling sensation can be a fish. What you need for a stream rig Weight/Sinkers An assortment of split shots sizes 3/0-7-5 for light current 2-3-4 for faster current. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. The key here is to have enough weight attached to let the rig to bounce along the current. salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations.. Some fish are caught in this portion of the drift where the rig is bouncing. 8� to 10 foot drift rods are common. After a while. This allow the angler not to lose the entire rig if hung up. Fishing the stream rig takes some finesse and can be difficult for the new angler to pick-up.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Stream Rig The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water. you'll develop a 'sense' of what is bottom and what is a fish. soft action spinning rods with 4-8lb test line for drift fishing.. slowly towards the angler as it moves downstream. salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations. but most bites occur at the bottom end of the drift when it is quartering (The swing) back through the current towards the angler.
steelhead and salmon are octopus and egg styles size #6-#8 for salmon eggs. Popular hooks for walleye. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers and cut bait. spawn sac�s and small minnows. Add/tie the drop lines. Used when heavier weight is required. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with.All you need to know about “FISHING” case for a selection of sizes and weight or the individual packs . Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. Add the appropriate amount of split shots to the sinker dropper line. one at 6 to 10 inches and the other at 24 to 30 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel.
Rubber Core Attach to line thorugh the slot in the sinker and twisting the inner rubber core around line to secure it. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/30") and the split shots to the other at (6/10") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot. Three way swivel The three way swivel used should be of good quality and as small as possible size 8-6 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel.
The weights range from 1/8oz to 1/2oz. now shake the rod gently. It is especially good for suspended fish that requires vertical placement of the bait in front of active fish. The drop shot is a way of tying your hook up the line and putting the lead on the bottom. Fishing the drop shot is simple. when the line goes slack reel up until the line is tight with the weight on the bottom. walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. The weights range from 1/8 to1/2 oz.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Drop Shot Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights.
Drop Shot Rig The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community. round or rectangular of lead or tungsten and come with a tie on clip on the top. you just want your bait to wiggle. a side way movement or just pressure on the line. walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. Suggested Tackle : As a finesse rig the drop shot is best fished on light line and spinning outfits. Rod: Light fast action 6'-6" to 7' foot Reels: Light Spinning balanced to the rod Line: 6-8 lb monofilament What you need for a Drop Shot Rig Weight/Sinkers Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights. cast or drop the rig straight down over the side of the boat. The most
. Set the hook using a upward sweeping motion. round or rectangular of lead or tungstenthat come with a tie on clip on the top. A bite can be a subtle tug.
The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community.
A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. To tie a drop shot rig determine how far off the bottom you want your bait to be 18 to 36 inches. How to Rig The drop shot rig is a easy rig to tie as long as you become comfortable with the knot used for the hook. For rigging small soft plastic�s use a 1/0 or 2/0 offset worm hook. logs. but any small hooks will work. Another alternative is a casting sinker a bell shaped sinker with a tie on swivel molded on the top. Hooks There are many specialized drop shot hooks on the market. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook Pulling at both ends of the line. and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. Be sure the hook rides horizontally from the line. A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. crawler harness or floating spinner rigs attached to the non weighted arm via a snap swivel. make a loop at that length and pass the line through the hook eye from the point side. Leaving one end connected to the rod and the other tag end to tie on the drop shot weight using a Improved Clinch Knot . This is all attached to your rod. being careful not to twist the lines or tighten the knot.3/8 oz.
Bottom bouncers are weighted L-shaped piece of heavy wire using live bait. or open basins. Live bait minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #6-#8. We recommend first time users to practice tying this rig at home before heading out on the water. Allow the hook to dangle. Using a bottom bouncer is a search technique by covering a lot of water efficiently (trolling or drifting) in seeking active feeding fish especially walleyes that tend to related to bottom
. over mud/sand flats. Just Click Here . or open basins. Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Lures/Live bait Bait versatility is advantage of the drop shot rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” common weights used are 3/16 . if there is cover in the area you can rig it Texas style making it weedless (See Texas Rig above) Live Bait hook the minnow through it�s mouth. As a reference you should print out a copy of our knot instructions as a guide. leeches through its sucker. over mud/sand flats. The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks. The Palomar Knot . In rigging small soft plastic�s if you're fishing open water run the hook thru it�s nose with the hook exposed. logs. by tying the line to the eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer. tighten the knot.
Bottom Bouncer The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks. The bottom bouncer can be as light a1/2 oz up 3 ounces.
The Bait Walker is a trade name for a similar rig only smaller in overall size. by having the 45 angle provides enough distance for the bouncer to work correctly and gives it enough distance from the boat not to spook the fish. Line: 10-14 pound test low stretch monofilament. (use shallow to mid range running lures) or light weight trolling (flutter) spoons are also popular. Another feature is the selection of weight options 1/4 oz up to 10 ounces allowing the angler the versatility to use the lightest presentation.to 1-ounce for under 15 feet. You do not want the line to be vertical. What you need for a bottom bouncer Weight Sizes Most all fishing shops and large discount stores sells bottom bouncers. and copper. or chartreuse for darker water. the angler casts or releases the line allowing the rig to sink to the bottom. or non-fluorescent colors for clear water. twitch or pressure on the line) lean the rod tip forward slightly and use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish in setting the hook this helps eliminating any slack line ensuring a good hookset. For live bait there are prerigged: live bait snells.All you need to know about “FISHING” structure. excellent for trolling in preventing line twist. Hooks/Rigs/Lures With the hundreds of rigging options that the bottom bouncer offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter. or neutral colors for conditions in between.to 3-ounces for 30. Reels: Medium-capacity baitcasting reel. the key to a proper presentation is using the correct weight. rounded and has a concave flat top which makes the bait walker feel like a keel sinker providing little resistance as it rides across the bottom.to 2-ounces for 15 to 20 feet. Recommended Bottom Bouncer Weights: 1/2. control and feel. floating crank baits. The weight is located on the bottom tip of the lower arm than in the middle on a bottom bouncer. gold. 1 1/2. nickel. Colors/Blades The same basic fish attracting principles applies when it comes to color selection on blades or lures. floating snells. Fishing a bottom bouncer. Typically the blade sizes and types on pre rigged worm harnesses and minnow rigs are Indiana and Colorado blades sizes #3-#4-#5. Suggested Tackle: Rods 6�-6" to 7"-0" Medium-Power Medium action casting rod with a long handle for rod holder placement. these all attach to the bottom bouncer snap from a pre tied loop on the end of the leader. use hot orange. Artificial lures are all so used with good success.to 40-foot depths. this guarantees frequent bottom contact. silver. When you feel a bite ( a subtle tap. engage the reel to tighten line as close to a 45 degree angle from the boat. Weight selection depends on a combination of depth and speed. yellow. bladed worm harnesses and minnow rigs sold in shops that vary in leader lengths from 12 to 30 inches. The Indiana spins tighter to the rig than the Colorado
. The weight design is tapered. 2 1/2. small floating crank baits and flutter spoons for walleye and bass down to reaching the depths for lake trout.
Bead Chain / Trolling Great for trolling lighter lures with out having to use lead core line or downriggers
. night crawler or leech). As you can see. rig blade color and type. and length of leader. How to Rig Tie the bottom bouncer on the center eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer using a Improved Clinch Knot. artificial lures. greater thump and more vibration. Attach the appropriate rig to the top arm snap swivel. fishing a bottom bouncer presents numerous bait rigging questions: Type of live bait (minnow. colors.straight or jointed crankbaits. conversely a broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the rig producing a lift.All you need to know about “FISHING” producing less of a thump. You would be best served before heading out to do a little research with the local sport shop or local fishing guides in finding out the correct bait rigging set-up for the waters you�re fishing.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Bank Similar to the walking sinker but comes in heavier weights 1oz-6oz Squared edge design helps you keep your bait where you want it.
Carolina Rig The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass. Cast and retrieve slow is the key for a successful presentation. its only limitation is certain types of cover that you are trying to move it through. The Carolina rig is basically a modified Texas rig with a few additions and similar to a sliding sinker bottom rig used for walleyes.
The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass. Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 1/2.
Bullet As the name implies it is shaped like a Bullet used on Texas rigs in front of the worm. Areas were the bottom is made up of rocks and boulders that are very close together is another area where the rig is sure to get caught up. For example areas of extreme weeds or brush don�t lend themselves to the usage of a Carolina rig. Fishing with a Carolina rig you can see why they are so effective as the rig is drawn across the bottom the soft plastic bait will move side to side upward and downward bumping weeds and bouncing off rocks.7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting. It is a successful method of soft plastic bait presentation in all depths of water. with it’s pointed nose it slides easily through the weeds or wood with out getting snagged. Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. A bite on a Carolina rig can be a subtle tap. Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. twitch or pressure on the line in setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait.
. lizards or on Carolina rigs.
Sizes 5-6-7 Are large enough to stop the sliding weight.
. In rigging your soft plastic�s on the hook use the same procedure as the Texas Rig above. 18" to 36" is the most common. Then slip on a glass bead.Small Soft Plastic's 3/0-4/0 .
Casting All around general sinker used on many rigs. Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 . thumb bar line release medium line capacity.3/16 . Tie on the leader to the other side of the swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knot .1/2 . the top loop makes it easy to tie on or let the weight slide up and down the line. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz.3/4 .1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible. Brass or Steel) 1/8 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio. Slip on the sinker on your main line. this adds sound that attracts bass and acts as a insulator protecting the knot from the banging of the weight. the general rule is 18 inches of leader per 10 feet of water. What you need for a Carolina Rig Assortment of Sinkers Types Bullet or Egg (Lead. Line: 10lb to 14 lb low stretch monofilament.5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Lures Just about any type of soft plastic baits How to Rig Determine the leader length. if your using a bullet weight be sure the point is facing the rod tip.1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 . Tie your hook on to the leader on the other end tie on your swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knotfor both. The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist.
its time to set the hook using the upward sweeping motion of the rod. As the sinker bounces along the bottom the crank bait will ride about 20 inches above. bank and pyramid sinkers are rigged with weight sizes
. anchored in a boat or from a shoreline. This set-up is excellent for river walleyes and white bass. Trolling Options With the depth control of the three way rig some innovative anglers use this rig for a trolling presentation. they are a fixed bottom rig mainly used on river systems to place the bait at a set distance off the bottom. Unlike the sliding sinker bottom rig three-ways don�t slip. The most common used is a casting (bell) type sinker ranging in weight sizes of 1/23/4-1 oz. For rivers with extreme current. simply drop the rod tip towards the rig allowing it to collapse the rig back to the fish.
The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig. troll upstream they vibrate madly go downstream move along slightly faster than the current to make the lure wiggle. Suggested Tackle: Rod/Reel/Line Set-ups: White Bass/Stripers & Walleye 6�-6" to 7�0" Medium/Fast Action Spinning Rod and Reel with 10lb monofilament test line. The three way is used from a stationary position. They wiggle and wobble in the current. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig. release as much for the desired length from the boat. Floating crank baits are a superb way to use the three way rig on rivers. as the slack of the line tightens. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Three Way Rig The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig. free spool the line over the side of the boat until the sinker reaches the bottom. When you see a bite the tip of the rod will twitch. The bite indicator is your rod tip the key to sense a strike is to have no excess line between the three-way and the rod. instead of the hook add a snap or tie directly on a floating crank bait. Tighten up the line as much as possible to have a direct line from the rod to the rig. engage your reel keeping your finger on the line. What you need for a three way rig Weight/Sinkers The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait. River currents creates drag on the line which reduces sensitivity and control. so you don�t feed line upon a bite. The set-up for this is simple. Catfish 6�-6" to 7�-0" Medium/Fast Action Baitcasting with 20lb to 30lb monofilament test line. experiment to find what the fish prefer. In other words you do not want to have a bow in your line from the rod to the rig.
Weight Sizes 1oz to 8 oz
. reduce the drop line pound test for the sinker than the main line or hook line.
Egg The egg sinker is used on multiple rigs.
Flat Also known as a No Roll this flat sliding sinker planes right to the bottom and hold for use in heavy current. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/36") and the sinker to the other at (12/18") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot. Weight Sizes 1/2 oz to 4 oz. You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up.All you need to know about “FISHING” starting from 1 oz up to 8 ounces. this way if the sinker gets hung up. the lighter dropper line with the sinker breaks with out loosing the entire rig. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. Hooks White Bass/Stripers Walleye size #4-#6 Octopus/Aberdeen Hooks/Floating Jigs size 4 Catfish size 1/0-2/0 Circle/Octopus Hooks Swivel A three way marine brass swivel size 4 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel. Tip: If you fish in area�s with a lot of snags. one at 12 to 18 inches and the other at 24 to 36 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel. add/tie the drop lines. as a sliding sinker or pegged to function as a stationary weight.
Disc Used in fast water currents lays flat on the bottom where snags are a problem.
others include: Live Bait Rig. Walking Sinker Rig and Sturgeon Rig.hook . A rectangular sinker with rounded outside edges a top eye for the line with the bottom slightly wider and larger in size than top. Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you�re targeting it has many names the most common is the Lindy Rig a trade name.swivel/stop .floating jig.
The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing. The fishing presentation allows the sinker to rest on the water bottom with the bait suspended above.
. This allows the sinker to “walk” on the bottom over rocks and rubble reducing the chance of snagging. The basic rig is simple.
Walking A very popular walleye angler sinker.leader . weight/sinker . The bottom is also rounded and bent upwards. Catfish Rig. Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you’re targeting it has many names the most common is the trade name Lindy Rig.
Sliding Sinker Bottom Rig The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing. This feature prevents the a fish from feeling the weight as the line passes through the sinker. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 1/2 oz.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Pyramid Great sinker for fishing swift rivers and heavy surf that have a soft bottom (mud and sand) the corners dig in keeping the weight stationary.or crawler/minnow rigs all used for live bait. Walleye Rig. The semi-flat design also prevents it from rolling in faster currents. River Rig. Weight Sizes 1 oz to 8 oz. holding more weight. Slip Rig.
for 35 feet and deeper The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait. When the rod tip twitches. Walking sinkers are the most generally used and work the best over rocks and along mud bottoms. Cast the rig and reel up the line until it is tight. Fishing from a Boat When casting the sliding sinker bottom rig allow the rig to sink to the bottom.7�. After a few seconds engage the reel bring the line tight and set the hook. this adds action to your bait. this brings the sinker up to the swivel/stop. River Fishing In fishing rivers with current from a boat anchored or from a shoreline as a set line. Recommended Sliding Sinker Weights 1/8 oz. for 15-25 feet of water 3/4 oz. release or cast allowing as much line out until it is at the desired distance from your boat. casting. for 25-35 feet of water 1 oz. While holding your rod periodically give it a small pump keeping your finger on the line. If you feel a twitch or a tap release you�re finger give it a few seconds engage the reel bringing the line tight slowly and set the hook. wait a few seconds.All you need to know about “FISHING” Suggested Tackle Rod: Walleye: 6�-6" . Line: Large Catfish 20lb to 30lb test low stretch monofilament. Egg. for 6-10 feet of water 1/4 oz. engage the reel and set the hook using a sweeping motion of the rod. when a fish bites the live bait it usually pulls the line the opposite way of the sinker telegraphed by a small tug or twitch on your line. Open the free spool on your reel allowing the fish to swim away on a free line after grabbing the bait. as the slack line becomes tight. Watch the rod tip closely as this will be the bite indicator. This technique is highly successful for catfish and sturgeon on river systems. As a general rule you�ll need a 1/8 of an ounce for every 10 feet of depth for lake systems that have minimal of current. What you need for a sliding sinker bottom rig With the hundreds of options that this rig offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter. feel for bites as many times this acts as a trigger for a following fish. But here are some general guidelines to follow: Weight/Sinkers Any type of sliding sinker will work for this rig. Leave the reel in free spool and use your finger to stop and hold the line.Start with few a 1/8 -1/4 and 1/2 ounce sinkers this will cover most lake fishing techniques. and pyramid sinkers are all used for river rigging ranging in
. no roll. Walleye and catfish are notorious for picking up bait and dropping it as soon as they feel resistance.0" Foot -Light to Medium Light Power Spinning / Fast action Rod: Large Catfish: 6�-6" to 7�-0" Foot -Medium Heavy Power Bait Casting / Fast action Reel: Walleye: Light spinning balanced tothe rod Reel: Large Line capacity Bait Casting. Slowly retrieve the rig along the bottom. reel up the line until it is tight. Line: Walleye 6lb-8lb test low visibility monofilament. As the boat moves the line will become tight once the sinker reaches the bottom. for 10-15 feet of water 1/2 oz. Use a bullet sinker when weeds are present. Controlled Drifting or Trolling When front trolling. disc. the basic principles apply the same. open the free spool on your reel. Set the rod in a rod holder. back trolling or on a controlled drift. Bullet sinkers will slide through the weeds better as the taper head will not pick up bits of vegetation and floating debris.
Crawler and minnow prerigged harnesses with single or double blades work extremely well in stained or murky water by producing a loud blade vibrations helping the fish locate your bait. acts as a weight stop on your line along with spreading bottom rigs ( 3way swivel) for proper presentations. Tie the hook on one end using a Improved Clinch Knot tie the other end to the swivel using the same knot Thread the sinker onto your fishing line. Swivels are also used as a component on a leader to attach your line. and pyramid sinkers have no preference. Be sure the swivel is large enough to stop the sliding weight. The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist. Start with cutting the length of leaders at 24-to-36 inches use 6 to 8 lb test for walleye and bass . all quality hook manufactures produces them in various sizes and colors. After slipping the sinker on your line tie to the open end of the swivel on the leader using the Improved Clinch Knot. How to Rig Begin with making the leader. For small minnow and leeches use size #6-#8 for walleye crappie and bass. Hooks The octopus hook is the most widely used on this rig as a single hook or pre-rigged on a crawler/minnow rig harness. it is invisible in the water and abrasion resistant and has low stretch.20lb for medium catfish -Large catfish & sturgeon 30 to 40lb test. Note: Length of leader and size of hook will vary based on the fishing conditions. casting.8lb to 10lb for light catfish & pike . You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up. Once tied. Live Bait All live bait will work on this rig. Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible.
Swivels Swivels are a simple but yet important part on your fishing gear when it comes to rigging. Bullet sinkers face the tapered end towards the rod tip. For the walking sinker make sure the bent bottom end is facing towards the rig or away from the rod tip.All you need to know about “FISHING” weights from a 1/8 to 8 ounces. This can be purchased at quality sport shops as 10 to 20 yard spools. no roll. Catfish and sturgeon sizes range from 1 to 6/0. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers for walleye northern pike and trout. disc. we recommend using fluorocarbon monofilament as the leader material. Egg. Other hooking options include floating jigs sized by the hook #4-#6. The swivel keeps your line from twisting.
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. the slip sinker should be above the swivel and move freely.
Slip 6. There are a variety colors. Round Attached 2. Popular Common Bobbers (Floats)
1. Glow Slip 5. Weighted Spring Attached 4. Shy/Light Bite Slip 8. shapes and size bobbers available today. Lighted Slip 3. lighted or glow for night time fishing. The bobber or float presents the bait at a pre set depth and acts as a strike indicator when a fish bites. Antenna Slip 7.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Snap Swivel Fishing Bobbers (Floats) Fishing with a bobbers is one the most common and simple set-ups. Waggler Slip 9. slip bobbers that the fishing line passes through for deep water fishing and the fixed bobber that uses a spring lock or snap for shallow water fishing. Large Bait Slip
While the basic bobber set-up is simple we have witnessed over the years many anglers over-rig this set-up by using a extremely large hook. Using a bobber to hook length longer than the rod will restrict your casting ability and the fish landing as the attached bobber stops the line at the rod tip hampering your efforts to net the fish. Conventional round bobbers achieve this by attaching directly to a fixed point on the line using a snap.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Sliding Slip Bobber Rig The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. The stop point on the line is called a bobber stop. small vinyl strips and dacron knots on a tube. Thus the angler using slip bobbers can fish at any depth. but is large enough to stop the bead on a slip bobber.
. By doing this your success and catch rate will increase dramatically. it's design has a hollow tube through it and will slide freely from the hook or bottom weight to the stop. in other words the amount of line from the attached bobber to your hook should be shorter than you�re rod length. will hold the line. To properly fish a attached bobber or slip bobber rig the key is to use the smallest and lightest tackle in order to present the live bait as natural as possible. Unfortunately they never received guidance or advice for the correct presentation. there has to be some point to hold the bobber from movement on the line to float. The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. The attached to line bobbers will work but are limited to very shallow water a few feet or so. and to detect a bite from your bobber. connected to a pike leader attached to a tennis ball sized bobber.
Many anglers began their first fishing experience using a red and white bobber rig off a dock or boat for panfish. but at least they are fishing. cigar shaped floats use a spring that is pulled back with the line inserted into a slot. only limited by the depth of the water and the amount of line on the reel. especially large ones. it is designed to move (slide) up and down the line and will not interfere with casting or landing a fish. by releasing the spring. For a bobber or float to work properly. or can be tied by the angler using this knot ( Stop Knot ) The bobber stop when used correctly is small enough to pass through the rod guides and reel mechanisms when retrieved or cast. this can be purchased at a store as rubber pellets.
you�re probably on the bottom or need additional weight. After the cast wait for the bait to sink and the bobber to go upright before reeling in any slack line. Keep alert for any movements. Made of Styrofoam or balsa Pencil Slip Float This is the lightest and thinnest float used to detect a bite. The best bobber size is about 1 inch or equal to a quarter for small worms. Suggested Tackle: Any light rod & reel set-up will work but we suggest a longer rod in aiding longer casts and setting the hook. An inexpensive tool to use in setting the correct depth off the bottom is a ice fishing depth finder. Reel . made of Styrofoam or balsa. These can purchased at any fishing shop for under two dollars. crappies and bass often suspend higher. Matching the live bait. Once reeled up the slip bobber should rest above the split shot with the bobber stop on your reel. Pear Shaped Slip Float These are the most common.4 . rock pile. and will work in waves or still water conditions. indicating a bite. Rod . the slip bobber rig should be balanced with the correct amount of weight including the live bait.Any good quality spinning reel balanced to the rod with a smooth drag. For night fishing there are LED lithium battery tipped lighted floats. up. A popular float in Europe for light biting fish. Round Basic Bobber The round attached bobber comes in a rainbow of colors made of hard plastic or Styrofoam that have a spring clip on the bottom attaching to the line. What you need for a slip bobber rig/bobber Type of Floats/Bobbers There are variations in styles and types of floats. a alligator clip attached to a lead weight. hump or crib. Clip the depth finder on the hook release the line until reaches the bottom. Made of balsa. this means a fish has taken your bait and is swimming upward eliminating the weight that kept the bobber upright.7' to 8' foot plus. down. if the bobber goes flat on the water. If your bobber lays flat on the surface. Walleyes and perch relate to bottom structure. smaller for leeches and worms larger for minnows. larger bait requires a larger float or a fishing presentation such asdrifting a float over a flat or fishing a targeted piece of structure. Great for kids who fish off a dock.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing a slip bobber is an effective way to catch almost any species of fish. Adjust the bobber stop upward or add weight. Easily cast and best used when fishing calm water over structure. Upon setting the proper depth and weight balance on the slip bobber. easy to cast. In setting the hook reel in any slack line. Fishing with attached bobber limit�s the amount of line to a few feet for shallow water. light with medium action spinning rod. To began. these have a thinner profile and offer the least resistance on a bite. Start at 6" to 12" inches off the bottom and adjust the bobber stop upward from there. set/slide the bobber stop accordingly. You should have variety of floats enabling to fish in various situations and conditions. Oval Slip Floats A larger float used for larger minnows small suckers and red tail chubs. Line . It�s time to fish. They come in a variety of sizes to match the live bait. bluegills. Setting the correct depth is critical for successful slip bobbering. The bobber/float should only be large enough to hold your bait and float upright in the water. Cigar Shaped Slip Floats For light biting fish.8 pound test monofilament. They are a good choice
. often referred as a shy bite or a waggler float. use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish this helps ensuring a good hookset. sideways. that way it will be sensitive to any type of bite.
Start by placing the split shot 8 to 12 inches from the hook. Each size and type of slip bobber will require different sized split shot weights. How to rig a slip bobber Began by threading the stop knot tube on the line Push the stop knot off the tube onto the line toward the rod tip and remove tube. if more than one split shot is used always place the smaller split shot closest to the hook. The correct weight and placement will keep your line vertical through the water allowing the float to indicate even the lightest bite. the knot is pushed off the tube to the line then tighten. Weight/Sinkers Proper weighting and placement are the utmost important when using a slip bobber.All you need to know about “FISHING” for (drifting) covering an expanse of water as the increased profile will drift along pushed from the wind and waves. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. Made of Styrofoam or balsa. be sure the top of the float is facing the rod tip. Live bait Worms. Pinch on a split shot below the float and tie on the hook on using a Improved Clinch Knot. The Dacron stop is the most universally used as well as the easiest to adjust on monofilament just wet the line and slide the stop to the proper setting. The Octopus hook is the most commonly used although circle hooks are equally effective. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. size #4 for minnows for walleyes and bass. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. Bobber Stops/Stop Knots There are three common types of bobber stops that are sold in shops. All three come with stop beads if the hole on the float is too large for the stop. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. Sizes #6 and #8 for worms and leeches. Another option is using a jig 1/64 to 1/8 ounce this offers color to the bait as well as a horizontal presentation. Try this for early and mid season walleyes. Crappies and bluegills try a gold Aberdeen long shank hook size #6 or#8 tipped with a small minnow or redworm. Vinyl/Plastic strips that have small holes that you weave the line through and the Dacron knot stop that come on a small tube which is threaded onto the line. Trim off the tag ends close to the knot. this will allow your bait to appear more natural. the tag ends are trimmed off. minnows. Rubber pellets that come attached to a fine wire loop. they attach by running the line through the loop and pull the stop onto the line. leeches. Pull the loose tag ends of the knot semi-tight to be adjustable. For instance the main line is 8lb use 4lb or 6lb test from the swivel down to the hook. Thread on the bead and slip float. Minnows are the favorite during the spring and fall seasons with leeches and worm/night crawlers used during warmer summer months. Tip Add a small barrel swivel above the split shot using lighter line than the main line. If you get snagged and
and crappie to feed on. walleye. Spawning begins when the water temperature reaches 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit and repeats monthly until water cools down in the fall. "ruby red". worms and leeches catch fish. It saves you time not chasing a floating bobber. In Northern States.All you need to know about “FISHING” had to break the line. ponds and slow moving streams. Whether you buy or catch your bait it should always be kept fresh and lively. Fathead minnows are sometimes called "tuffy". The following are the most popular live bait used.
Fatheads are the most popular and universal of baitfish and are commonly used as forage for game fish. Minnows are apart of a fish family that includes over 250 species in North America. and their maximum length seldom exceed three inches in size thus making them one of the best forage fish available for bass. you would only lose the hook and split shot by breaking the lighter line. or "blackhead. fishing with live bait still produces over 50% of freshwater game fish caught in North America." They come in two different colors. They generally reach 2 to 3 inches in length and have a life span of two to three years. Most live bait are purchased at a local Sport Shop or for a rewarding experience can be caught by yourself. Shiners and Suckers. active fresh minnows. stained colored lakes. types of containers and care for inland freshwater fishing. The fathead minnow is a fresh water fish. Chub (Creek Chub)
. Dependent on the time of the year and water temperatures or when fishing slows down live bait is definitely the preferred choice for a successful catch. In Southern states it lives in silt or mud bottomed lakes ponds and slow moving rivers. black and rosy red (orange). the fathead minnow inhabits boggy. This keeps the float as the swivel acts as a stop on your main line. The most commonly used and commercially sold minnows are Fatheads. Fatheads feed on small organic organisms. it will also save you money by learning how to keep your bait alive. Fishing with Bait Fish To most anglers the word minnow means a small fish used for bait. bluegill. native to most states. Chubs.
Fishing with Live Bait
With all of the innovative and high tech features that artificial lures currently have.
some algae is also eaten. shallow sections of lakes. Young golden shiners are silvery with a dark band on the side as they mature the band fades developing a golden color with a dark bronze brown back. Creek Shiner. The male constructs a nest carrying small rocks in his mouth to the spawning site. also known as the redtail chub. Redfin Shiner. silvery on the sides. Hornyhead Chub ( Red Tail Chub)
The hornyhead chub. with the exception of a few upper Western States. Gravel in riffles is often used for spawning. The eggs are deposited into a small depression opened by the male in the nest. and smallmouth bass. Golden Shiner
The golden shiner are found throughout the U. weedy. The common shiner feeds at or just below the water surface primarily on insects. fertilized and allowed to settle into vegetation while mating fish continue to swim. such as earthworms and crustaceans. Because they often school in lakes. is olive brown on the back. This behavior is quite remarkable since largemouth bass are know to feed heavily on them. which is red. In comparison with similar species. kingfishers. It is used as a popular baitfish for walleyes and northern pike. Their native range is Midwest and Eastern States. American Roach and Pond Shiner
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. At the base of the tail. Females reach about 7"-8" weigh up to 8-10 oz. Spawning occurs from late May through June. The hornyhead feeds primarily on insect larvae. Their color is basically silvery with a dusky back. They have been observed using active nests of largemouth bass to deposit their own eggs. the head. largemouth bass. and occasionally rivers. loons. Little creek chubs even have to watch out for bigger creek chubs. brown trout. It inhabits both warm and coldwater streams and may be found in the same cooler waters as trout. Common Shiner
Common shiners average about 2 1/2 to 4 inches long. The creek chub is one of the "Big Three" native minnows (the other two are common shiner and hornyhead chub). and mergansers also commonly eat them. eyes. especially in the Northern States for ice fishing. Creek chubs can live for 7-8 years although few make it past 5. Golden shiners live in clear. Also known as Silver Shiner. Eastern Shiner. Both young and adult fish show schooling patterns in shallow depths no greater than 2-3 ft. Because it is common and readily caught it is important forage fish for many game fish as a popular bait minnow. ponds. some reach 8 inches. and mouth of the common shiner seem noticeably large. quiet. and creamy below. Males sometimes attain lengths of 10"-12" and weigh up to 12 oz.S. northern pike. river chub some males excavate their own small nests. Golden shiners spawn over an extended period from May to July. but eats other small animals. young fish have a distinct spot. Adult males reach a length of about 6 to 9 inches (females are smaller). such as walleyes. Common shiners spawn in spring.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Creek chubs are a main forage item for many predators. The finished nest is a small mound of stones 1-3 feet in diameter and a few inches high. Eggs are released. Also known as Roach. but they commonly spawn over the nest of a creek chub. This spot becomes less distinct with age.
larger suckers for muskies. some unusual specimens weighing as much as 8 pounds. Mudfish and Dogfish Suckers
Suckers are found in nearly all types of waters with 80 species native to North America. mud sucker. White suckers are usually about 10-20 inches long and weigh 1-2 pounds. a few drops goes a long way. Most bait shops or your local pet store have chlorine removers in a liquid. slender sucker. Preferred bait for many walleye anglers because of its hardiness. swamps and other wetlands over mud and debris and often found in dense vegetation. If you're on a lake or river make sure you temper the water in the minnow bucket to the same temperature as the water system you're fishing by adding small amounts of water rather than submerging the entire bucket. Keep your bait bucket in the shade and out of direct sunlight. mullet. water systems. black mullet. these fish typically inhabit lakes and reservoirs that have tributary streams. In adding or changing water from a city tap use a de-chlorinator to remove the chlorine. and they can tolerate low oxygen levels. sloughs. The white sucker is widely distributed through out most of the U. The belly is yellow to white and fins are brownish. The action of a struggling minnow/sucker on a hook with a natural scent will draw attention of nearby fish even enticing neutral or negative mood fish to a reactionary strike. and they have a cylindrical shape. coarse-scaled sucker. Young white suckers are used as bait for walleyes and northern pike. large scales. june sucker and white horse. Changing the Water…. White suckers feed on a variety of invertebrates found among stream and lake substrates. They tolerate low oxygen levels and extreme water temperatures. sucker.S. Central Mudminnows occur in quiet areas of streams. Small amounts of ice can be added periodically. The white sucker goes by a number of other names.. If the water in your bait container turns cloudy because of ammonia being released (waste) by the baitfish or they are at the top gasping for air the water needs to be changed. The most common used for bait is the White Sucker. but do not overload the ice or the temperature drop will shock the fish and kill them. Keep them Cool…. mottled throughout. like common sucker.Nothing kills minnows and suckers quicker than extreme heat. Here’s a few pointers in keeping your live bait alive long enough to be useful especially during the summer months 1. Warm water greatly reduces the oxygen content. Their color is olive brown. Water from a well or bottled water requires no de-chlorinator. with up to 14 indistinct brown vertical bars on the sides and a prominent dark vertical bar located at the base of the tail.All you need to know about “FISHING”
The upper part of the body is olive-brown in color.. Although the white sucker is found in a wide variety of water conditions. Also known as Mississippi mud minnow. 2. brook sucker. Note: (VHS) Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia is a deadly fish virus and a invasive species that is
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. gray sucker. Care and Keeping of Baitfish When fishing with minnows and suckers having fresh lively bait can make a world of difference in getting a bite. Used extensively as a bait minnow where plentiful. Rapid change in temperature will send the baitfish into shock and they eventually die.
Lip hooked baitfish are used tipped on a jig or live bait rigs. sliding weight bottom rig. The second option is hooking the baitfish through it’s back in front of the dorsal fin. and increase the toxic ammonia level from their waste. The first is in the mouth insert the point of the hook under the lower lip and push the hook through the top lip. Small ( Crappie Fathead Minnows) 3/4".
. Using this method the baitfish will keep it alive for a longer time. Please support and follow all regulations in helping the DNR stop this threat. transport and disposal of baitfish including the use of water from bait containers. Over crowding of minnows or suckers in a bait container will immediately reduce the amount of available oxygen. Lip hooked baitfish also work well on preserved baits. be careful to pierce only the skin and not through the spine. By hooking the baitfish through the lips will keep the water from circulating into the gills and it will eventually die.All you need to know about “FISHING”
threatening many game fish in North American water systems.and Up Standard 8 Qt 1-1 1/2 dozen Large Suckers 10" -18" Recommended 5 gallon bucket or larger 2-3 suckers Rigging Baitfish
There are three basic options to bait a minnow on a hook. please check your Local Sport Shop / State Department of Natural Resources fishing regulations concerning the use. Small Chubs & Shiners) 2"-3 1/2" Standard 8 Qt 4-5 dozen Large ( Chubs. 3. This hooking technique is used when stationary fishing. This allows the baitfish to look natural as it swims forward.1" Standard 8 Qt 6 dozen Medium ( Fathead’s. Proper amount of bait…. If you over fill your container with minnows by the time you get to your destination from the bait shop probably and 1/3 or more of your bait will be dead floating on the top. Before fishing with live minnows and suckers. drop shot rig or on a float/bobber set-up. Check your bait often. Suckers & Shiners) 3 1/2" . the hook shank will be facing forward with the tip of the hook facing up. bottom bouncers. Here is a recommended guide line based on minnow sizes and a standard sized minnow bucket at 8 quart capacity. a floating/bobber set-up or for ice fishing hooking a baitfish on a tip-up.
ending with the hook tip and shaft facing rearward. Trolling Buckets
Trolling style buckets are ideal when trolling as they pull easily behind boat or in current when wading. There are other styles and options available to make your fishing more efficient and convenient.All you need to know about “FISHING”
The final option is hooking through the tail for free-line fishing. Years back galvanized steel bait buckets were used and are still found in many tackle shops. It is also useful when stationary fishing in keeping bait fresh and lively by placing the inner bucket liner in the lake or off a dock as a holding container. Today the traditional minnow bucket is still used only made from hard plastic.
Standard Two Bucket Design
The traditional lift out bait bucket has a outer hard plastic bucket with a inner liner that fits inside.
Fishing Baitfish Containers The basic angling tool in keeping and transporting live baitfish to your fishing spot is the minnow bucket. The trolling bucket constantly aerates the bait as it moves through the water. air hoses. This lets the angler to select bait from the liner by lifting out of the outer bucket draining the water.
. The weighted keel design keeps the bucket from rolling over and positions the self closing bait door floating face up for easy access to your bait. Other features now include notches. holes and clips for holding dip nets. Use a simple split shot and hook rig cast the minnow gently and let it sink and drift while it swims freely. The inner bucket has a floating cover with a snap open door the bottom is perforated like a strainer. Insert the hook tip at the fleshy base of the tail and run it through. aerators and pliers. Here's a quick overview to choosing the right style of bucket for the different ways you may fish.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Plastic Insulated Buckets
By combining a foam liner and the durability of a molded plastic outer bucket you have the best portable container for baitfish. *Tip* For ice fishing foam buckets work very well in keeping the water from freezing but the lid in colder weather tends to freeze to the bucket. The water should be periodically checked and changed. To eliminate freezing lids. Foam buckets do a excellent job of keeping baitfish alive in heat or cold they insulate well and keep the water temperature consistent. For storing baitfish for several days add a battery powered aerator keeping the water oxygenated. They do come in handy when you need a extra bucket or forgot to bring yours along to the bait shop. The inner liner keeps baitfish cool during the warm months it also reduces freezing of water in colder temperatures.
. with the solid lid design trying to pour out water with baitfish inside can be a tricky in not losing bait. over time the foam liner should be cleaned from residue build up with a fine grit sandpaper and rinsed with plain water using no soap or cleaners. apply a thin layer of Vaseline around the outer edge of the lid and bucket. The drawbacks are they are fragile and changing water. Styrofoam Buckets
For the seasoned angler we can bet that you have a collection of Styrofoam buckets in your garage or fishing shed.
The night crawler is deadly and irresistible to most large game fish when used as live bait on a crawler harness. The most common and popular worms used for bait are: Night Crawlers and Red Worms. air pump. Gentle aeration is the key. pump failure will result in a bucket of dead minnows. Bait shops sell worm air injectors. and sturgeon. you do not want your baitfish churning around your bucket in waves. bluegill. this allows the bait to float off the bottom when using weighted bottom rig. largemouth and smallmouth bass. *Tip* If your using a plug in aerator always keep the pump above the water line so water can't siphon back if a power failure occurs. Some tackle companies sells 110 volt air pump systems or you can visit your local pet shop and buy the components. There are hundreds of species of earthworms in North America. Portable aerators use batteries from sizes from AA to D cells and have clips for attaching to bait bucket lids with air hoses and air stones.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Buying an aerator will quickly pay for itself by reducing the mortality rate of your baitfish along with keeping your bait fresh and lively. The other consideration is sound. remember you will be listening to the humming of the pump while fishing. secure the pump so it does not fall off into the water.
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. catfish. As a pump operates. rock bass and other Panfish as well. in the long run you will be glad you did. *Tip* To make a night crawler more visible and enticing to fish inject them with small amounts of air. invest in a high quality aerator that markets itself as whisper operation or quiet bubbles. porch or fishing cottage. This allows you to keep baitfish alive for days in your garage. all have the same general shape but differ in size and color. Other upgraded options include adapters to hook up to a 12 volt battery. Anglers that will store baitfish for an extended period of time in a cooler or a baitfish tank should look at buying a plug in aerator rather than replacing batteries. a small bottle with a needle and a protective cap. any type of hook/weight rig. it will vibrate and move around. Using a small piece of a night crawler you can have fun catching perch. trout. we can attest for this first hand. hose and stone and save money. a built in light helpful for low light and night time fishing and low and high output oxygen level adjustment controls. Night Crawlers
For years the night crawler has been the leading live bait choice among the majority of anglers. tipped on jig or under a bobber set-up for walleye. smaller bubbles carry more oxygen. Fishing with Night Crawlers & Red Worms The earthworm is the most widely used bait for freshwater fishing and is one of easiest natural bait to collect and keep.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Night crawlers are easy to keep and sold at all bait shops, some gas stations and sporting goods section at discount stores. Many anglers prefer to collect their own bait by yanking night crawlers out of their holes in the backyard. If you're night crawler hunting the best time is evening after a hard spring or summer rain, it can be as simple as picking them off the street, especially the ones that have low curbs with grass parkways, darker streets are more productive than well lit ones as they are light sensitive. Searching in grass under leaves and rocks where the soil is moist use a flashlight and cover the lens with red cellophane, night crawlers for some reason can feel white light, shine a flashlight directly on a night crawler and they will slide very quickly back into their hole. Night crawler picking is fun on a warm summer evening after a rain, just bring a container and get plenty of bait for free. Red Worms
Red worms also known as leaf worms, garden worms and red wigglers. They are very popular live bait for game fish that prefer smaller worms, such as panfish, bluegill, perch and trout. Red worms are hardy and not as sensitive to temperature as the common night crawler. They are also very active when placed on a hook as they wiggle attracting and catching fish. Red worms are especially effective when it comes to bait stealers, small mouthed sunfish that nibble at the bait, to increase the catch thread a red worm on a hook and leave the hook point uncovered. *Tip* Most youngsters are taught how to fish by starting out with hook, weight, bobber and carton of red worms off of a dock or from shore. If your looking to set-up your child with rod and reel here's a recommendation: Buy a quality 5 1/2 ft spin cast ( closed faced combo) light action spooled with 6lb test, this will be better and easier for kids than the short brightly colored fishing outfits that are available. For rigging purchase a package of size 8 aberdeen long shank hooks a pack of BB sized split shots and a few bobbers that attach to the line about the overall size of a quarter, the smaller bobber is intended to suspend your bait in the water and alert when to set the hook. Using a larger bobber the harder it will be to set the hook and detect a bite. To complete the set-up tie on the hook using a clinch knot above about 6-10 inches place a spilt shot or two then attach the bobber. Worm Care & Storage
Night crawlers and red worms are stored refrigerated in bait shops as they require a dark and cooler environment to survive. When fishing with earthworms for the day they should always be kept in the shade and out of direct sunlight especially when it‘s very warm. Nothing smells worse than a container of sun baked worms. After your day on the water to keep your bait fresh either put them in a cooler with ice, place the container on top you don’t want to drown your bait in the cooler water or place the container in a refrigerator.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”
For keeping worms in a good condition for a extended period of time you should consider buying a portable worm carrier. Most containers made of a insulated material that will maintain a cool moist environment that worms enjoy. Some models can be dipped into water to aid in keeping them moist others have external ice pack holders for hot days. To get at the worms easily many have two access doors that you can flip the container over when they burrow to the bottom, make sure the container has a snug fitting lockable doors. Another choice is what material to store them in. We recommend buying commercially made worm bedding available at most tackle shops. The cellulose organic based bedding makes temperature and moisture regulation easier. Many worm containers have kits with bedding included just follow the instructions on the package. Fishing with Leeches
Leeches are the most plentiful of all the baits. They can be left in a container of water for a long time without food. Walleyes love leeches almost all year round and they are classified as universal bait for walleyes. Fish eat many types of leeches, but only the ribbon leech is widely used as bait. The color of a ribbon leeches varies from pure black to light brown and some have a brown or olive background with many black spots. Leeches are easy to keep alive. They are not as sensitive to temperature changes as minnows, and they require relatively little oxygen. Leeches can be kept alive until fall, even without food, but they should be allowed to clean themselves. Anglers can keep the bait "cleaner" by rinsing the leeches on a daily basis and storing them in fresh, clean water in a cool place. The summer is the best time to fish with leeches; by mid-summer most of the adult leeches have deposited cocoons and die off. Also, in the summer time the leech will wiggle more below a bobber than a worm. When drifting or trolling, anglers will catch suspended walleyes on floating jigheads and slip sinker rigs.
About Fishing Lures
For the beginning angler, walking into a bait and tackle shop for the first time can be overwhelming because of the huge selection of lures by type, color and sizes. Many just buy a tackle box and fill it with a random assortment of lures and hope through trial and error one works, others just purchase a lure or two and use it all day. When building a tackle selection one must consider the species of fish you're targeting along with the season you're fishing in. Expert fishermen understand seasonal locations of fish and the proper presentation, meaning the choice of lure and how to retrieve it. This builds confidence knowing how to fish the proper lure at the proper depth to maximize your catch rate, and catching fish is the quickest way to gain confidence. When buying lures to cover multiple fishing presentations select a few of each type and color by using these factors listed below.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”
Depth Depth is a major factor in lure selection. There are three categories or lure types, surface, sub-surface and deep. Let's start with Spring, when most gamefish move into the shallow water to spawn and seek food. Surface lures and shallow running lures are the best choice. During the Summer months fish move to deeper water where deep running lures and jigs are used. When fall arrives fish tend to move back to shallower water sub-surface and surface lures will be effective. Cover Species such as largemouth bass and northern pike will be related to weeds throughout the year. When fishing thick weeds and brush use a lure with a weed guard (weedless) to prevent snagging. Always have a few surface lures on hand as well when fishing around cover especially during the early morning and evening hours. Level of Fish Activity The gamefish level of activity determines the size and action of the lure. For instance water temperature affects fish more than and other elements, and weather conditions play a major role, such as when a cold front arrives. Cold water reduces the fish activity and it is best to downsize your lure and present your lure slowly. For muskies and northern pike use lures such as jerk baits and gliders with a pause between in your retrieve, walleyes use jigging spoons twitched and paused along with small jigs tiped with live bait crawled on the bottom will work well. During warm stable weather as the fish's metabolism is active they feed readily. This is the best time to be on the water to fish, inline spinners, spinner baits, spoons and crank baits with fast retrieves will move and catch fish. Lure Colors, Light & Water Clarity Many articles have been written and theories discussed about lure color and how the water clarity affects the colors. All water acts as a light filter depending on the clarity, (clear or stained) and depth of the lure. It has been a general rule of thumb that lighter colored lures work the best in clear water in stained or murky water fluorescent colored are favored. The other cliché is light color on bright days and dark colors on overcast days no matter what the water color is. But this does not explain why dark colors such as purple or black worms for largemouth bass works so well on clear water on a bright day. Lure Sizes Sizing of lures is also apart of the proper presentation. Here is a recommended chart for length of lures for various game fish. Crappies, Perch, Bluegills-1-2" River Trout-1-3" White Bass-1-3" Smallmouth Bass-2-5" Largemouth Bass-2-6" Walleyes-3-6" Salmon, Lake Trout-3-7" Muskies, Northern Pike-4-12"
Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits Fishing Spinners Fishing Spoons Fishing Jigs
but most modern day plugs are made from hollow plastic or molded plastic. and White/Blue/Chrome for Shad and Shiners. Many avid anglers still consider wooden plugs the best lure having better action than similar ones made from plastic. Minnow Baits. Black provides the best silhouette against the sky as the fish looks upward towards the water surface. mainly balsa. frogs. Surface lures work especially well when fish are shallow and the water temperature is 60 degrees or warmer. producing sounds that draws the attention of game fish. The best hours to fish surface lures are generally early in the morning and at dusk into the evening. crayfish.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Fishing Soft Plastics
Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits
Fishing with Surface Lures. The water should be relatively calm otherwise the fish do not notice the action. It may be the vibration of a minnow bait swimming through the water. stained or dark. Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of plugs and how they are used: Surface Lures: (Topwater) There is nothing more exciting to see a fish strike a surface lure. it works well on all water types clear. A few lure manufacturers still use wood in making lure bodies. or the splash pop and gurgle of a surface plug or just the sound of hooks clicking the lure body. insects. some hardwoods and pine. Most plugs replicate some type of baitfish but some types of plugs resemble mice. Many new plastic plugs today have internal chambers filled with shot producing a rattling sound that attracts fish. Other colors will work as well dependent on the forage in the water system such as Orange/Yellow for Perch. Crankbaits & Creatures The word "Plug" was used many years ago to describe a lure that was handcarved from a block of wood. There are two category of plugs Surface (Topwater) and Subsurface (Diving). But there has been fish caught on surface lures in the middle of the day. Green/White for Frogs. Crawlers
. and snakes that fish prey on. For lure colors a very good universal color is black. Plugs attract fish by there action and flash.
The tail section rotates creating a plopping noise from the blade attached. this has been a favorite surface lure for muskie anglers for many years. A favorite of bass anglers for many years. Chuggers
Chuggers have an indented cup on the face of the lure. Center Rotating Blade
Commonly know as a Globe. it catches water when the lure is jerked over the surface producing a popping/chugging sound.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Crawlers produce a plopping/gurgling sound. (Right) A large face plate will make this crawler body move back and forth producing a wake on the surface. used on calm water with a steady slow retrieve. Commonly used for fishing pike and muskies. also known as a creeper. The center blade rotates upon the retrieve producing a bubble trail. has wings mounted on the side that will swim across the water. The tail rotating lures works well on calm water to slight chop. Surface Wobbler
. (Left) This crawler.
Work this lure slow on calm water in the evening. Propeller
The propeller lure has props on the nose and tail or on the tail. The angler must supply lure action through a series of short sharp cadence pulls upon the retrieve creating the side to side action known as "walk the dog" on the surface. pop it using a stop and go method. Used on calm water. Flaptail
The flaptail rocks back and forth while the brass blade on the tail slaps the water with a plopping sound. run it slow with a straight retrieve. or buzz it across the water to trigger aggressive feeding fish.
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. The retrieve is very slow allowing the bait to work. Excellent lure for new anglers to experience top water fishing. and the tail prop adds a wake.All you need to know about “FISHING”
The jointed surface wobbler creates a clicking sound as the lure rocks back and forth when retrieved. Also know as Propbait or Topper Bait. Also known as torpedo lure. they also have no built in wobble. Stickbait
The stickbait has no lip or propellers. this topwater lure is versatile.
The deep runners are classified as 10 feet plus. Floating.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Subsurface Plugs (Diving. All lure companies provide the running/diving depth of each lure on their box or packaging. These are classified as gliders. In selecting lures with a lip attached to the nose of the lure the angle of lip will determine the running depth of the lure. The second group of plugs refer to the action of the lure provided by the angler in the retrieve. Sinking) There are two categories of subsurface plugs.
Floating Minnow (Crankbait)
This is the most popular type and the most versatile crankbait lure designed to
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. It is wise to have a few of each to cover the fishing situations you could encounter. pointed head or a flattened curved forehead. Mid range divers will have a lip set at a 45 degree angle. jerkbaits and twitch baits. the action of the each lure is achieved through a series of cadence pulls. Diving lures will catch fish in any type of water calm or rough any time of the day. or short stop and go techniques. all have a side to side wiggle action as they travel through the water. Shallow running lures will have lip placed vertically off of the nose creating a water resistance forcing the lure to run shallow. mid range 5-10 feet and shallow are 1-3 feet. for instance a deep running lure will have a elongated lip attached approximately 90 degrees horizontal from the nose which acts as a diving plane forcing the lure downward. both have floating or sinking models. Diving lures will run at depths from just under the surface at 1 foot to 20 feet or greater. The first are diving lures that dive with attached plastic/metal lips or dive based on the lure body design such as cupped. strong jerks. these are commonly known as crankbaits.
For trolling using a midrange lip off of downrigger or lead core line the lure will maintain the set depth. The lure body design to dive is based on a cupped. Floating Lipless (Crankbait)
The series of lures shown above have been made for many years. In casting the angler can pop the lure along the surface or crank it a few feet down to 5 to 8 feet with a straight retrieve.All you need to know about “FISHING”
imitate a thin bodied baitfish. Anglers who use midrange running lures have a few more options. Vibrating (Crankbait)
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. For shallow lures running at 1-3 feet as a floater this will maintain the shallow depth. timed tested and still today catch many fish. or a flattened curved forehead all have a side to side wobble action as they travel through the water. Floating Shad/Perch (Crankbait)
Similar to the floating minnow style with a diving lip. These lures imitate the forage of shad and perch with a wider or fatter body style. Made from balsa wood and hollow plastic with and with out internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle. When casting deep running lures this allows the angler to bounce lures off of deep structure (bottom bouncing) such as rocks or wood with out getting snagged by letting the lure just float up after making contact.
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These thin bodied lures do not have a diving lip and are attached to the line with the eye on top of the head. Most are sinking models but some do float at rest. Very good lure for finicky fish that follows and don’t bite. resulting in a tight wiggle. The sinking lure uses a midrange lip to maintain the depth until the end of the retrieve. All vibrating lures have internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle.
. when stopped the lure will remain suspended and motionless in the water. Sinking (Crankbait)
Also known as a countdown this lure is weighted to sink horizontally. The angler simply cast the lure and count’s down at a rate of 1 foot per second to the specified depth and retrieves the lure. When fish suspend over 10 feet at a specific depth the sinking lure is a very good option to use. The lure is designed using an internal weight system or a weighted tape to achieve neutral buoyancy. Neutrally Buoyant (Crankbait)
Also referred as a suspending lure or a jerk bait. The presentation is an erratic jerk pause type of retrieve.
Sinking (Gliders & Twitch)
Gliders and Twitch baits are lipless and sink. up down side to side action. They float at rest and dive when given a strong jerk or pull then float upward to the surface. the action of each lure is in part provided by the angler. The Twitch bait (Top) is retrieved with a series of short taps of the rod or twitches which gives the lure a erratic motion. The Glider (Bottom) is retrieved using timed cadence short pulls causing the lure to glide side to side or a underwater walk the dog action
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. Many have a metal tail that can be bent to change the action and depth setting.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Floating (Trolling Plugs)
These are designed and used primarily for trolling as they are relatively too light to cast. Floating (Jerkbait)
These are large elongated plugs intended for fishing muskies and pike. To achieve the depth required for a successful controlled trolling depth anglers use a online diving plane (Dipsey Diver) or attached to an line release on a downrigger. Generally most trolling plugs float at rest and dive based on the flattened forehead that creates a wide erratic wobble through the water.
painted. Alewives. here’s a few top producers. photo and holographic finishes. Spinnerbaits. foil. Shiners. Minnows Black top with Gold sides (Sucker) Black top with Silver sides (Minnow) Black top with Orange sides (Perch-Crawfish) Black top with Green sides with Bars (Perch) Brown top Orange or Red sides (Crawfish) Fluorescent Colors For dark. Creatures
Freshwater game fish are predatory by nature there also opportunistic and will take advantage of any food source presented to them to fill their feeding needs. Dark Green top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Firetiger ) Blue top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Parrot ) Orange top & sides Chartreuse belly (Hot Tiger ) Red Head Chartreuse Body ( Clown )
InLine. chrome. glass. stained or muddy waters the hot colors work effective. Green. swimming rodents. water snakes. Smelt Black. Here’s a simple guideline of basic successful colors: Open Water Suspended Forage: Shad. Ciscoes. Blue. Crawfish. Suckers. amphibians and insects. Livebait Spinners
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.All you need to know about “FISHING”
creating a dart and flash of the lure. Other than baitfish they will also feed on crawfish. frogs. In building your lure assortment the best is to mimic the dominant forage in the waters your fishing. Purple top with Silver sides Black top with White sides All Silver Chrome or White Structure Orientated Forage: Perch.Buzzbaits. prism. The above photo shows lures that imitate each type. Lure Colors Crankbaits are available in a spectrum of colors and finishes.
Colorado 2. Spinners are relatively easy to use.
1.Turtle Back 5.Inline 7. Fourth are live bait spinners that use night crawlers or minnows on a hook or a series of hooks with a spinner blade in front of the live bait. some models have multiple blades that are attached on the upper arm using a clevis and a bead stop. in dark or murky water they will use their lateral-line to feel the vibration from the turning blade. this spinner is shaped like an open safety pin.Indiana 3. They will have a lead head molded on the lower arm and a spinner attached on the upper arm using a swivel. Understanding Blade Styles The main fish attracting component of a spinner is the blade. The type of blade and shape will determine the depth and sound (the thump) of a spinner upon retrieve.Willow From the image above the Colorado will run the highest in the water producing the most vibration. In using spinnerbait’s the willow blade is a good choice around vegetation and cover as they revolve tight to the upper arm catching less floating debris and weeds.French 6. The Indiana. Turtle Back and French are intermediate styles running at mid range depth levels used for slow to medium retrieves in light river current or lakes. These are good for fast retrieves in swift conditions. they will catch fish with a simple straight retrieve. and when a fish strikes a spinner usually it will usually hook itself.Indiana Fluted 4.
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. first is the standard inline that have a blade or blades that rotate around a straight wire using a clevis. Spinners will catch all types of game fish. The Inline and Willow run the deepest as they spin tightest to the wire shaft. Third are buzzbaits. Second are spinnerbaits. and deeper water presentations. Spinners have four basic designs. When the lure is in motion the blade spins creating varying degrees of flash and vibration that mimics small fish. Fish can see the flash of the revolving blade in clear or stained water. A broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the wire shaft producing a lift and thump compared to a narrow willow blade which will run tighter to the shaft and spin faster producing less sound.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Spinners refers to a family of fishing lures that have a metal shaped blade(s) attached to the wire of the lure. they are similar to a spinnerbait or a inline spinner but have a specially designed rotating propeller for surface fishing. most all inline spinners have a weight on the wire to make the spinner heavy enough to cast. Fluted. All blades have a different amount of resistance as it travels through the water.
Soft plastics are also used on traditional dressed spinners tails to change the appearance. Other options are soft plastic tail dressings such as an imitation minnow or tailed grub. Spinner bait skirts over the years also evolved from the solid living rubber colors to silicone skirts because of all the available molded-in patterns. Spinnerbaits that have 2 blades in "tandem" provide more flash which gives the image of schools of bait fish. The larger the blade size the more water resistance and vibration when compared to the same shape in a smaller version. Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spinners and how they are used:
. With the advancement of synthetics materials such as flashabou and silicone skirts adds a fluttering flash in different incandescent or solid colors increasing the total flash profile of the spinner. the most common are metallic hues with silver. Skirts and Dressings Tying materials to the tail of a inline spinner or silicone skirts on spinner baits adds a realistic appearance and increases the profile of the lure as it swims through the water. The inline spinner that has two blades is commonly referred as a bulger which rides high in the water even breaking (bulging) the surface when retrieved rapidly. Painted blades flash less but create more underwater contrast. profile and action of the lure. They can be particularly effective during low-light conditions or in murkier water. Depending on personal preferences and fishing conditions many anglers prefer to use an undressed spinner for speed and depth relying on the blade flash and vibration as the only attractors. squirrel tails and "marabou" from chickens) with a few feathers as attractors especially red. the smallest for stream trout spinners. Spinner Tails. Years back traditional hook dressings on spinners have been animal hair (deer hair. size 3-4-5 for bass and pike up to the 7-8 for muskies along with the new popular magnum 10. metal flakes. and incandescent colors. these are known as trailers. colors and combinations for spinners today on the market. Blade Colors There are countless blade finishes. Multiple Bladed Spinners Many of the spinners today offer double blade options. gold and copper which provides a flash to sight-feeding predators in clear or stained water. The dressed tail also provides lift and resistance enabling the angler to retrieve the lure at a slower rate.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Blade Sizes The sizes of spinner blades are based on a numerical system starting with 0 or 0/0.
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Types of Spinners: Inline
The traditional inline spinner shown in three variations (Top) French Blade Dressed Deer Hair Tail (Middle) French Blade Plain Undressed (Bottom) Willow Blade Soft Plastic Imitation Minnow Tail. Double Bladed Inline
By combining two blades together adds vibration and lift upon the retrieve for shallow water. Shown with double Colorado blades and marabou tail that pulses in the water, also known as a "Bulger" Flash Inline
All you need to know about “FISHING”
With the popularity of synthetic material used for spinner tails adds additional flash to the profile (body) of the lure. The top is tied with flashabou (tinsel) the bottom is a round silicone glitter skirt, both tails pulsates and sparkle upon the retrieve Magnum Double Blade Inline
Similar to the double bladed inline only with larger spinner blades (size 9-13) providing maximum vibration and lift. Very popular lure for muskies. Spinnerbaits
Versatility is what spinnerbaits are all about. With the open safety pin, weighted head and single hook design that runs vertical, it can be fished in and through vegetation (weedless) Slow rolled over cover, allowing it to sink, the blades will helicopter down to deeper water. Used for all gamefish.
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A beefed up version of the spinner bait for big pike and muskies. The magnum spinner bait comes in 1 oz and up to 6 oz’s using large blades for increased vibration and large body profiles for big fish. Buzzbaits
Buzzbaits resemble either a standard spinnerbait or inline spinner with the exception of a rotating propeller blade replacing a flat blade. Buzzbaits are a topwater spinner and must be retrieved rapidly to produce a loud clacking sound as they move across the surface. Excellent lure for bass and pike.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Live Bait Spinners
By combining the vibration and flash of a spinner blade and the attraction of live bait. Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front. muskies. jigging and the surface spoon. concave on one side that catches water producing a wobble and light reflecting flash imitating a fleeing or crippled bait fish. sinks faster and will run deeper than thinner spoons. Some spoons have a hammered or rippled finish that transmits light in multiple directions such as baitfish scales scatter light. this spinner is cast and retrieved. forged or molded from brass. A long spoon will display a wider side to side wobble than a shorter spoon. for trolling of drifting. largemouth bass.
. an oblong shape. Spoons are a simple design. the extra weight casts better. steel. The (middle) is a crawler harness with multiple hooks (2 or 3) and is also tipped with a night crawler. The (top) is a weight forward spinner that is tipped with a night crawler. salmon and trout. Spoons are stamped. The action of a spoon is based on it's shape and thickness. these produce an effective fish catching combination for most all species of game fish. copper. The long standing popularity of spoons results from ease of use as a fish usually will hook itself when it grabs a spoon. Spoons work best for larger predators such as northern pike. The (bottom) is a strip on an old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner. lead. Because spoons appeal mainly to the sense of sight they work best on clear or lightly stained water conditions.
The metal fishing spoon lure was believed to be first used back in the 1840's. Thin spoons used for trolling have an erratic wobble compared to thick spoons but thick spoons have advantages as well. A single hook version is also used for minnows. trolling. plastic or wood. walleye. weedless. There are five types of spoons: Casting. primarily used on the Great Lakes for walleyes also known as the trade name erie dearie. The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop. A deep concave spoon will also produce a wider wobble than a flatter spoon. Most are painted on one side with a polished metallic surface on at other side to reflect the sunlight making the spoon visible. this spinner is rigged on bottom bouncers and sliding sinker rigs.
pike and salmon or vertical jigging for walleyes the preferred choice when casting/jigging spoons is a stiff tipped fast action rod. For trolling spoons on the Great Lakes the universal best color is all silver or gold with including combinations of purple. Rod Action with Spoons Dependent on the species you're targeting. you should experiment to find the precise speed for each spoon to perform its best. soft action rods are not recommended as they do not telegraph the fish strike as quickly a fast action rod will accomplish. black and white with nickel back. Ultra sensitive. Each body of water or river system fish will have a tendency to favor a specific color. some spoons have additional attractors placed on the spoon or are added by the angler. holographic. For flat line trolling from behind a boat the speed and amount of line out should be the main consideration. they are: Clickers: Two small willow spinners on split rings located the end of spoon for vibration and noise. and smelt. Your success in using spoons is to immediately set the hook upon feeling a fish bite. Spoon Attractors The main fish attracting component on a spoon is the flash. On stained or darker water use. When casting a spoon anglers will cast 10 to 20 feet beyond the area they believe the fish are and retrieve through the strike zone. Spoons & Leaders Anglers using casting. blue or green hues to mimic the forage of alewives. In selecting spoon colors to build your tackle assortment. and combinations of nickel/silver . Following the same path as crank bait lure companies spoon manufactures have over the years introduced hundreds of new colors patterns and finishes using prism. it would be best to do research with local guides or the fishing pro shop for that lake or river. as well as in using depth control rigging such as downriggers and dipsey divers.This allows freedom of movement for the spoon and will keep the fishing line twist to a minimum. firetiger with brass back or orange/yellow and nickel combinations. Trailers: For added color and profile Feathers / Tied Tail / Soft Plastic or Pork Rind. larger spoons for bass.All you need to know about “FISHING”
When casting or trolling a spoon the speed is critical for success.
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. small spoons for stream trout. if fished too slow or too fast the spoon will not wobble properly.gold/brass are your best bet. Many Charter Captains on the Great Lakes use spoons as their main lure presentation and usually have a couple hundred on board in multiple color patterns (some with creative color names) and size variations to accommodate all fishing conditions. ciscoes. Flippers: A small oblong piece of plastic (red or yellow) for added color attached on the split ring and hook. Both will work better without too much play at the lure line connection. glow and glitter all to enhance vibrant colors and flash of spoons. For surface and jigging spoons the best is to tie directly to the eyelet or snap. If you're going to fish an unfamiliar water system and spoons are a part of your lure selection. For casting spoons in clear or slighty stained water the classic colors of red and white with nickel back. the choices can be overwhelming but some colors have been tried and true over the years. yellow five of diamonds in red with brass back. weedless or trolling spoons should attach their lines via a leader with a ball bearing swivel and snap or a combination snap ball bearing swivel. Spoon Colors If you ever had the opportunity to open Grand Pa’s old metal tackle box it would be safe to say you would find quite a few of the traditional red and white casting spoons that where popular back in the 1940’s .50’s.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spoons and how they are used:
Traditional Casting Spoons
Stamped metal casting spoons are also known as Traditional or Canadian spoons. walleyes and pike. a typical 3" trolling spoon only weighs about a 1/8 ounce which makes them too light for casting. With the wide fluttering action they are an excellent lure choice for salmon. trout. The most popular sizes are 1/4-3/4 ounce used for bass. All casting spoons have either a treble or a single (siwash) hook attached with a spilt ring which allows the hook to swing freely as the spoon wobbles. you can't beat using a weedless spoon to
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. All display the distinctive back and forth wobble action as they run underwater based on their oval shaped cupped bodies.. Weedless Spoons
When fishing in thick cover. pike and lake trout. Trolling Spoons
Trolling spoons are much thinner and lighter than casting spoons. They are designed to be fished using a depth control trolling system such as off a downrigger or diving plane. aquatic weeds. Casting spoon sizes range from ultra light 1/36 ounce for panfish up to over 3 ounces for big muskies. wood and logs. walleyes or other open water species.
Most surface spoons are made from plastic's with a few in wood with having an added attractor. When cast over heavy matted vegetation the spoon floats with the hook riding upward avoiding being caught up on snags. if it stops or twitches set the hook. They are designed to get down quickly reaching the deep water holding fish. one of the best presentations to reach them is vertically jigging. Jigging spoons are made of metal or tungsten. Experiment with different retrieve methods. Most feature a single hook design welded on the body with a wire guard to prevent most snags. When fishing jigging spoons all of the action is applied by the angler using short jerks to encourage strikes.All you need to know about “FISHING”
provoke a fish strike. but keep in mind many strikes happen on the fall of the jigging spoon as well. Try twitching and pausing letting the spoon settle into open holes. Jigging Spoons
When you locate a deep water school of fish such as walleye or bass on your electronics. Upon a fish strike. Weedless spoons come in 1/4 ounce up to 11/8 ounce. are flat.
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. The best tackle for jigging spoons is low stretch line of 12-20 lbs with a medium to medium heavy fast action rod. This is an ideal situation for using surface spoons. keep the lure moving even if the fish misses usually they will come back to strike again. large predator fish like bass. mainly rubber skirts. then set the hook. thick and heavy and flash when jigged. never set the hook until you feel the pressure of the fish. pike and muskies will take refuge in thick cover. Surface Spoons
When conditions are right during the summer months. Keep awatch on your line as it falls. When fishing surface spoons point the rod tip directly at the spoon whether you're retrieving straight or using a jerk pause method. Tip the hook with a trailer for added attraction using a soft plastic grub or pork rind. As with all surface lures fish have a tendency to miss the lure. Or straight retrieve over and through the cover.
3/8. Straight collars are used to tie dressings or attach on the jig such as hair. Experiment and try various colors until you find the color choice for the day. living rubber and silicone skirts. Jig heads are available in natural. stained or dark. Your selection should be based
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. 1/2. They will work for a wide variety of species in almost any type of conditions. tinsel. metallic. light wire hooks are often used in fishing around brush piles and cribs as they will bend and pull free when snagged. A jig hook is bent on the shank before the eye about 60 to 90 degrees. brown. yellow. Most jig heads are made of lead which gives the lure its weight. and 3/4 ounces. Another popular metal material for weighting jig heads is tungsten. with the most recent popular color red marketed as blood or bleeding hooks. worm or lizard bodies.orange and glow for dark water.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Many pro anglers feel jigs are the most versatile and productive of all artificial lures. 1/16. are weighted by melting a metal substance into a liquid and pouring it in a mold which shapes the head and collar. Jig Colors When choosing jig head colors one must consider the fishing conditions and type of water. In stocking your jig box start out with handful of basic colors: black. Jigs. clear. black and gold. Jig Hooks The most common hooks used on jigs are the strong wire O'Shaughnessy or light wire Aberdeen. Strong wire hooks perform well in weedy and rocky areas for bass and northern pike when you need to horse a fish out from cover. pink and red for clear to stained water. they're also a good choice when fishing for Panfish and crappies with soft mouths as the light wire will penetrate quickly upon the hook set. feathers. the bend in the hook will determine the eye placement on the jig and how it rides through the water. The hook shank length has varying applications. 1/8. green. fluorescent. white. two tone and glow finishes. with the exception of floating jigs. longer shank hooks are favored for rigging soft-plastic grubs. colors and weights. Jigs are a rather simple design and come in wide selection of shapes. Jig Weights The main consideration when selecting which jig to use is its weight. short shank hooks are mainly used for live minnows. Color of jig hooks includes bronze. 1/32. The most common weight sizes for inland freshwater fishing are 1/64. each for a specific fishing presentation from the smallest at 1/100th oz for ice fishing up to 2oz for Stripers and Muskies. Hook wire diameter is also a consideration. 1/4. Jig Collars The jig collar is positioned directly behind the jig head. Barbed collars have a small hook to attach and hold soft plastic baits stopping them from sliding down the hook other collar designs include screw locks or wire holders to hold plastic baits. with fluorescent chartreuse. tubes. which is heavier than lead and environmentally friendly.
Your jig must be heavy enough to reach the desired depth.3/8 . Here are some common type of dressed jigs: Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of jigs and how they are used: Bass Jigs
These are also known as flipping jigs and are a very popular lure for largemouth and small mouth bass. A suggested jig weight guide line per species: Panfish and Crappies 1/32 .1/2 oz. As the jig enters the water the dressing pulsates upon the drop and will quiver as the jig is hopped along the bottom.1 .1/8 oz.
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.1 1/2 . the heavier weights are used cover fishing largemouths in weeds and for flipping (an underhand toss of the jig to a specific area). minnows and amphibians. but not so heavy that it sinks too rapidly. Most all bass jigs will have some type of weed guard (strands of fiber or plastic) along with an internal rattle. The body dressing is usually a silicone or living rubber skirt with some tied with hair. Lake Trout and Stripers 3/4 . Until recently the use of pork rind were the standard trailer thus the phrase "Jig & Pig" was born. River Trout and Salmon 1/16. With the many advancements of colors and impregnated scents in soft plastics today. Bass jigs will feature a low profile stand-up head design from 1/8 oz to 3/4 oz. leeches.1 1/2 oz. which make it more difficult to reach the desired depth.1 . soft plastic. Northern Pike and Muskies 3/4 . tinsel. A widely used addition to the bass jig is a split tail trailer to replicate claws of a crawfish. feathers.1/8 . they're becoming the popular choice with many anglers. it adds bulk and profile reducing the sink rate in replicating forage such as crawfish. by increasing the water resistance on the line and lure. As a general rule use 1/8 oz for every 10 feet of water. When on the water the same steps should be taken with considering water current speed and wind velocity while fishing.1/16 . Fish prefer a slow drifting down bait than one that just plummets toward the bottom. the lighter weights are excellent for finesse fishing smallmouths. Jigs Dressed Many jigs are dressed by adding hair.1/4 oz Walleyes and Bass 1/16 . If you're fishing in fast current such as rivers additional weight is required to reach the bottom.All you need to know about “FISHING”
on type of fish and water depth.1/8 .2 oz. silicone or rubber skirts to the molded hook shank. Wind also has the same affect as fast currents.
. This presentation will be successful for any freshwater game fish. Recently many new soft plastic baits have evolved by incorporating the jig head into the body of the bait. crappies. straight retrieved or trolled the tail vibrations resembles a baitfish. Jigs tipped with reaper flat tail will imitate a leech swimming through the water. Soft Plastic Dressed Jigs
Fishing with soft plastic jigs bodies gives the angler countless choices of options from colors.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Tied Dressing Jigs
Depending on their size dressed jigs can be used for most all species including: panfish. By far the most used when fishing a jig and plastic combination is the curly tail grub. minnows. Live Bait Jigs Fishing with live bait jigged slowly at times of the year can be a deadly presentation especially when the water temperature is colder and the fishes metabolic rate reduces making them reluctant to chase faster moving lures. leeches and minnow bodies. making the bait feel more natural when the fish strikes. reapers. lizards. The subtle action of a paddle tail on minnow bodies mimics a baitfish when retrieved. walleyes. and lake trout. scents. Rigging techniques for live bait are simple. worms and leeches through the head or snout. mylar and tinsel which provides a mimicking life like action in the water of minnows and other aquatic life. worms. bass. Dressed jigs also holds fish scent well and can be tipped with live bait as an added attractant. always hook the bait. crawfish. stripers. shapes to types: grubs. tubes. when using a split tailed grub or tube hopped along the bottom with short snaps replicates a crawfish. marabou. With these new soft plastic baits life like patterns and holographic colors have been introduced to imitate the realistic look and flash of baitfish. The dressing material is tied to the jig collar to form a body they include: bucktail hair.
wobble. The hook guard is made of trimable plastic bristles. propeller. swimming. Fishing with Jigs Jigs can be a highly effective fishing presentation when the proper set-up (rod. Floating jigs are used for live bait and are a great choice when presenting the bait just off the bottom on lakes and rivers. Floating Jigs
As the name of this jig implies they float. wire or a plastic V shape and are anchored in the jig head facing upwards towards and covering the hook point allowing the jig to ride over and through underwater obstructions. stand up floating and weedless. Other live bait jig options are spinner blades mounted underneath the head to produce added vibration and flash. bottom bouncer or simple split shot rig. reel. they include: Round head. For using live minnows the preferred choice is a short shank round and floating head with the option of a stinger hook attachment for short striking fish. both require using weights or a form of rigging such as: sliding sinker. line and jig) is
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. Floating jigs come in two types hard bodied and soft bodied. the guard prevents getting snagged on weeds and brush. Weedless Jigs
Weedless jigs are an excellent choice when fishing live bait in cover.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Jigs designed for live bait have no collar hook required to hold soft plastic's.
when a fish strikes the lure and hooks itself. This will help you feel the bite on the retrieve or when the jig is sinking by keeping the line taut. when the jig sinks they watch the line for any subtle twitches signaling a strike or if the line stops indicating a fish is moving upward with the jig.All you need to know about “FISHING”
used. To detect strikes more easily jigs should be fished with stiff (fast action) sensitive rod with enough flex to cast your jig along with using the lightest possible line for the species and fishing conditions. Many expert anglers use the fishing line as a strike indicator. Unlike a spoon or inline spinner. To optimize the visual of fishing line jig fisherman prefer to use fluorescent colored line over clear monofilament and wear polarized sunglasses improving the line visibility even more. a jig bite most often is very light as the fish inhales the bait usually on the fall when the jig is settling towards the bottom. Suggested Rod & Reel Set-ups Panfish (Bluegills Crappies and Perch) Ultra light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 2-4lb test line Walleyes Light to medium light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 4-6lb test line Bass (Finesse) Medium light to medium spinning action rod and reel spooled with 8-10lb test line (Heavy Cover) Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-17lb test line Northern Pike Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-20lb test line
but yet the hook will penetrate through the soft bait when you set the hook. Species such as walleyes and smallmouth bass with a mid sized plastic’s use a medium light to medium spinning gear with 6-8lb test monofilament. In using larger plastic’s with hooks buried into the bait that requires a strong hook set for large mouth bass and northern pike use medium to medium heavy bait casting gear spooled with 14 to 20lb test low stretch monofilament line. Other significant details of soft baits today in manufacturing is to add life like realistic features like crescent rings on worms and grubs. crawfish. Another is scents. and flavors. The popular use by anglers of soft plastics has skyrocketed over the years by the increased number of new products introduced annually by lure companies this is evident with fishing tackle pro shops in store displays. scents.
. metal flakes. layered colors. During the bait making process additional ingredients can be added to appeal to the fish’s senses such as. baitfish.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Fishing Soft Plastics
The evolution of soft plastic baits has greatly advanced over the years virtually giving anglers a wide variety and selection for all game fish. catalog pages for online and print buyers guides. When a fish strikes a soft plastic bait it feels natural so fish will mouth it longer giving the angler extra time to set the hook. web feet and feelers on amphibians. the point can be buried into the body of the bait where it cannot snag underwater obstructions such as dense weeds. rocks. Soft plastics offer many advantages over hard bodied lures such as crank baits and spoons that does not have the soft texture as real food. holographic and translucent flash on shad and minnow baits replicating the scales of baitfish. Many rod manufactures specializes in making powerful fast action rods dedicated for soft plastic fishing. As a reference listed below are a few of the most commonly used soft plastics in order to help you identify each type. Soft plastic’s will hold scents much longer than hard bodied lures that wash off quickly. worm. brush and logs. Fishing set-ups with Soft Plastic’s In casting or vertical jigging the smallest soft plastic lures for panfish and crappies use ultra light spinning gear spooled with 4-6lb test monofilament. frogs. In making soft bait’s the plastic is heated into a liquid form then poured in a mold to replicate the shape. lizard. and insects. For muskies that have the largest plastic’s up to and over 1lb use heavy to extra heavy bait casting gear spooled with 50 to 80lb low stretch abrasion resistance braided line. Other benefits in fishing with soft plastics are rigging the hook. they can be treated with bottled-paste attractants or purchase them already molded in. grub. floating claws on crawfish.
The types ( floating and sinking) and the colors of worms made today are in hundreds of thousands with the multitude of color variations and scents. ribbed or smooth. lizards. or straight tails for various actions. ribbed or smooth) affecting the sink rate and the tail (ribbon. swim/baitfish all where developed based on the introduction of the soft plastic worm technology back in 1949 by a Ohio luremaker. combined with single curly tail. or using a Texas rig the most common. or straight) which provides vibrations when the worm is moved. split shot rig and Carolina rigs. double curly split tail. tubes. The most common use for grubs is tipped on a jig. twister.
. there are two options pre-rigged with a hook or series of hooks.All you need to know about “FISHING”
The invention of the plastic worm spawned more variations of soft plastic baits than any other in fishing lure history. jerk worms. Worms come in sizes from a few inches for trout and panfish up to 12 inches for bass and pike. Carolina rig. paddle. Grubs
Fishing with soft plastic grubs has been a longtime favorite among anglers for all species. The main fish attracting action components of worms are the texture (ringed. In rigging a worm. or as a trailer on a inline spinners and spinner baits. crawfish. Grubs are also popular to fish using a drop shot rig. Grubs. Grubs are composed of soft plastic round body either ringed. Grubs come in various lengths from 1" up to 12" and hundreds of colors combinations. wacky rig and the drop shot rig. paddle tail.
Most often tubes are rigged using a weighted tube jig placed within the tube’s body or to make a tube weedless anglers use a wide gap hook threading it through the nose and securing the hook into the body on the outer wall of the tube. or on a drop shot rig. Many soft plastic baitfish baits feature a paddle tail that wiggles when retrieved. Fishing soft plastic baitfish imitations are a excellent choice jigged along the bottom or brought in on a straight retrieve.
. Tubes can be rigged as bait using a Texas Rig. Determine what baitfish are in the waters you’re fishing and select a profile size and color to match. The main body is usually smooth but some have a ribbed exterior. for a natural presentation. Tubes
Tubes are rounded hollow soft plastic bodied bait open ended with a series of tentacles on the base. but others have curly tails and forked tails that give them swimming action. in jigging the tube off the bottom it will appear as a crawfish imitation especially good for feeding smallmouth bass. Usually the smaller the better. Tubes range in sizes from 1"-2" for crappies and panfish 3"-6" for largemouth and smallmouth bass up to 14" for big pike and muskies. The interior hollow design works well with holding liquid or paste scents.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Soft plastic baitfish come in numerous sizes and colors to mimic forage fish. Upon casting a tube it will display a spiral action on the fall with the tentacles undulating providing a injured baitfish look. Carolina Rig.
as bass absolutely hate lizards. abdomen and tail. they will raid a nest and eat the bass eggs even before the bass guardian has a chance to react. legs. antennae. The most common fishing techniques are similar to fishing plastic worms. scents. Crawfish soft plastic’s are available from craw trailers to the highly detailed featuring pinchers.
. using Texas and Carolina rigs or tipped on a jig for flipping and pitching. smooth. Lizards come is a wide variety of colors.All you need to know about “FISHING”
The soft plastic crawfish or crawdad is a deadly on bass when presented along rocky bottom area’s. ribbed. Lizards
Fishing with a lizard in the early season especially during the bass spawn is particularly effective. The main feature of a imitation crawfish is the pinchers when tipped on a jig it gives the bait a realistic defensive posture by raising it's claws that sends bass a signal to feed. Various lizards have a reputation as bass bed robbers. floating and sinking.
rounded head and body leading to a soft thin membrane sides. The sizes start from 3" for walleye and bass up to 12" for pike and muskies.
. so the bass will hang on to the lure longer giving more time for the angler to set the hook. they are weedless with the hooks positioned against the body. Summertime bass laying in the weeds aren’t active most of the time. After a cast let the frog sit until the ripples subside now pop or twitch the frog once or twice. To change up the presentation upon reaching weed pocket or opening let the frog sit and just barely twitch the frog so just the legs quiver. then let the frog sit for a few seconds and repeat. Reapers are a good bait to use on waters that receive a high amount of angling pressure. The best fishing tip we can offer while using a top water frog is fish slow. The advantages of soft-plastic surface frogs are. but can be enticed by a easy meal. The smaller reapers resemble a leech while the larger reapers mimic baitfish. they feel natural with their soft spongy body. Most anglers rig a leech/reaper tipped on a jig head inserting the hook through the head or use a split shot rig and a single hook. Frogs
Using a floating soft plastic frog around the lily pads for bass is exhilarating as the bass comes out of the water and engulfs your lure.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Leeches & Reapers
Leeches and reapers are a basic variation of a soft plastic grub.
some even weighing 1 lb and 15 inches in length.
. This spawned a revolution in the 1990’s regarding the soft plastic lure market as larger companies began taking notice and adding larger soft plastic baits to there product line.All you need to know about “FISHING”
From the 1950’s through the 1970’s the soft plastic bait industry was focused on worms and grubs used for bass. combinations of hard bodied soft tail baits. Today there are hundreds of variations. That changed in the 1980’s when small basement lure companies started producing larger soft plastic lures designed for pike and muskies. colors. Fishing with super sized soft plastic’s opened a new chapter and presentation for pike and muskies anglers through out the world.
In the decision process of which tackle box suits you’re needs. When using soft baits for trailers ( a soft bait attached to a hook on a inline spinner. consider the purchase of expensive fishing lures and gear as an investment. spinner bait. but if you stick to the basics. reels. rusty hooks also stains the beautiful paint finish of lures. they automatically think of rods. let the lures dry and replace. Follow these storage maintenance quick steps to ensure that your gear will be ready to go again when you are: Air Out the Tackle Box Upon return from a fishing trip open the tackle box allowing the lures to dry. We have witnessed the unfortunate experience of anglers lack of maintenance and care of their tackle only to find the condition poor and unusable upon a preparation for a trip or on the water. Rust on hooks diminishes the strength of the hook and reduces the sharpness. Soft plastics through heat. Starting you’re tackle box can seem challenging. and live bait.
. Today.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Fishing Tackle Boxes for Storage
When people think of sport fishing. baits and terminal tackle in one easy-to-find location will enable you to become a more efficient angler. which requires proper care and storage to be used for years to come. Organize all of your lures. sun or a chemical reaction have a tendency to melt on the hook affecting the paint of a spoon or the dressing on a spinner or jig. Biodegradable baits if left on will shrink onto the hook the has to be cutoff.
Soft Plastics and Biodegradable Baits: With the popularity of fishing with soft plastics and biodegradable baits we recommend for storing use the containers or bags they were sold in. Having an organized tackle box is as important fishing tool as you’re rod and reel set-up. tackle boxes and soft bags come in every size and shape imaginable. dressed jig or a spoon) remove after use. leaving the beginning angler a vast array of choices in finding one which is right for them. If you’re caught in rain and have puddles on water in the box remove all tackle. wipe out all water. you'll be able to get started with no problems. Hang the wet inline spinners with hair or hard baits on the side of the box to dry. lures. It only takes a few necessary minutes to ensure proper care and storage. as many of today’s soft baits come with scents impregnated into there bodies.
Consider having a extra storage area for gear other than lures. consider these aspects before buying: Size 1. Extra Space 4. Replace any rusty hooks. A tackle box should be able to handle the wear and tear of fishing and be strong. hook sharpener and extra reels or line spools when the need occurs. Fishing Tackle Box Features In selecting a tackle box. while panfish anglers require a smaller box to hold terminal tackle and smaller lures. It’s nice to have and you don’t forget the release tools (pliers. Most tackle boxes are made of materials that is water resistance. sinkers and bobbers. Fishing Tackle Box Types There are numerous kinds of tackle boxes. and split rings on lures. Over time you will build a collection of successful lures learning what methods and presentations work for each species of fish. jaw spreaders and bolt cutters) as well as head lamps for night fishing. Durability 2. ventilation and water drainage ports to remove any water that snuck in. Water Resistance 3.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Off Season Tips It is a wise practice every year before the new fishing season or you’re first trip to re-spool new fishing line and grease the reels. go through and organize the terminal tackle. The size and function of your tackle box should largely depend on your intended use. Time to add new lures you heard or read about for the upcoming season as well. A large drawer type or hanging box is best suited for a boat where as the soft sided carry all is best used for shoreline river fisherman or fly-in trips. Here is a description of the most common types of tackle boxes
. Once you start to enjoy fishing more regularly. or shoreline. Some of the higher priced tackle boxes come with watertight covers. Muskie and Northern Pike fisherman will require a larger box to hold lure from 6 inches and up. Any moisture left unchecked can create mold and rust on the hooks. you will find out the most productive lures and the one’s that are not. When buying a new box test the latch. The other consideration is where you fish. weight and mobility should be a factor. After organizing you’re tackle box the last thing you don’t want is the box opening on you spilling your tackle and lures out on the boat. from a boat. each having its own special advantages and design features. Check to see where the box closes and if water can still in. hooks. Tackle boxes with metal latches hold better than all plastic. It’s also time to wipe clean and organize the tackle box. leaders and terminal tackle etc. make sure it closes tight. dock or in the water.
Many anglers own several of these types set-up for species specific fishing presentations. This box has a long hinge cover when opened one two or three trays that accordion outward over the lid which lays flat. However for long trips or if you wish to take along you’re complete tackle selection the hip roof box are great. Hip-roofed boxes provides a large amount of organized storage with multiple compartmented trays giving the angler easy access and visibility to their tackle once opened. Hip-Roof Type Box:
The hip-roof type of box is a modified trunk-tray box. Trunk tray boxes are usually smaller. Many anglers use the hip-roof tackle box as their home storage and use smaller trunk tray boxes for day trips. when opened both sides have tackle trays that also accordion outward leaving a large bottom compartment for additional storage. Dependent on the size the lower half of the trunk-tray box generally is deep enough for extra storage. fit well into limited areas and are light weight allowing the angler mobility and quick access to there gear and lures.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Trunk-Tray Type Box:
The trunk type tray box is the most popular and is usually the first anglers box or received as a gift.
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where space is limited. it sits vertically and the drawers slide out. Satchel Type Box:
These briefcase type boxes come in a variety of styles and sizes. for storing reels. Extra storage is a plus on drawer type boxes with a large cover storage or a single bottom drawer. Satchels are versatile from small lightweight models that carry a dozen of lures or panfish terminal tackle up to larger models that handle dozens of larger lures. From organizing your tackle. flashlights etc… As with all large tackle boxes some anglers prefer to use the drawer type box as their home storage.
. They also are good for wet weather fishing with the exception of opening the drawers everything will stay dry.to two-sided openers.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Drawer Type Box:
Drawer type boxes are a good choice when fishing from a boat. flashers and dipsey divers) hook sharpeners. They make excellent tackle boxes in putting together separate lures and gear
for a day on a lake or river trips. and have smaller specialty utility boxes for day to day trips. release tools. drawers can be identified by lure type so you know before opening the drawer. from one. trolling tools (dodgers. The see through sides allow you to identify lures instantly.
The exterior case are available in waterproof plastic. having six to eight will be more versatile for bass. Hanging Type Box:
The hanging box has become popular by Muskie anglers as the box of choice for storing extra large lures. utility boxes can number anywhere from two to six or more. waterproof and give the angle total flexibility to hold a variety of plastic utility boxes along with having numerous storage pockets for extra reels fishing tools and a camera.trout and muskie and use the soft side bag as the carry-all. view color selection. live bait rigs or snells with storage for bottom bouncers and bait walkers. eliminates tangled hooks and allows wet lures to dry.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Soft Side Type:
Soft side bags are becoming the most popular tackle storage systems in the fishing world today. small portable over the shoulder carry on and boat seat slip over pedestal types. The interior features a set of removable dividers or a grid of square compartments made of colored plastic or clear polycarbonate (Lexan) with slots to hang lures by the rear hook.Walleye crankbaits. this helps when carrying to the boat or along the shore. Check to see if the straps and handles have reinforced stitching providing toughness and strength. If you’re crappie fishing no need to take the pike or bass gear. and with foam tubes inserts ideal for wrapping crawler harnesses. This makes it easy for easy access.
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. The convenience that soft side bags offer the angler is take only the boxes you need for that day. They are lightweight.bass & pike . tightly woven padded material or clear uv-resistant polycarbonate (Lexan). Bass spinnerbaits. The hanging box are available from magnum boat boxes. Depending on the dimensions of the bag. When making a decision to purchase a soft side bag bigger is better. Make sure the shoulder straps are padded. while two may work for panfish and crappies. A sturdy waterproof material is mandatory that resists punctures and tears. The design of hanging type box also works well for Great Lakes trolling spoons. pike and muskies. Now you can build component boxes per each species: panfish .
Algae A aquatic plant organism. All members of the salmon family have them.
Active Fish Fish that are striking and feeding actively. Angling Sport fishing for enjoyment. Anti -Reverse Reel locking system that prevents back reeling. Anal Fin A single fin located beneath the tail near the vent. catching one fish at a time using a hook. articles. publications as well as online fishing discussion forums. Aerator Powered air infusion pump adding oxygen to water. Angler Any person who fishes with a rod and reel or cane pole. Augers come in gas powered or manual back power. Adaptation Biological adjustments to the fish environment. Alkalinity Measurement of the percentage of acid neutralizing bases. Auger Used for ice fishing to drill holes through the ice. Adipose Fin A small fleshy fin on a salmon's back between the dorsal fin and the tail. phrases and terms used in written fishing reports. Alley Area’s in weed beds that lack weed growth. Anadromous Fish that live most of their adult life in saltwater but spawn in freshwater.
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.All you need to know about “FISHING”
We have assembled definitions on common and not so common types of fishing words.
Bar A lake structure consisting of a long hump or ridge. Bait Fish Main forage feed for game fish. Bay A shoreline major indentation on any type of water system. Fly Reels Nylon or dacron line tied between the fly line and the reel to act as additional line if a longer length than the flyline is required to play a fish. Bail The metal semi circular bar located on a open faced spinning reel that retrieves fishing line. food and reproduction area’s. Bag Limit State Natural Resource Department set limit on number of game fish caught daily. Belly Roll A action using minnow or glider type lure by rolling exposing the belly flash.
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Backing Line Baitcasting / Trolling /Reels Monofilament line tied between dacron or the new super braided lines to prevent line slippage. Barb The spur found on the point of fish hooks. Basic Fish Needs Security. Bait Casting A type of reel mounted on the top of the rod with a level wind revolving spool. Bite When a fish strikes or takes your bait / lure also known as a hit and strike. Bait Restrictions Limitations to the type of bait sport anglers may use.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Backlash Overrun of fishing line from reel spool when casting. Ball The weight attached to a downrigger cable for depth controlled trolling.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Blades Main fish attracting component found on inline spinners, spinner baits, buzz baits, tail spinners. Blade Baits Weighted flat metal lures used for vertical jigging. Blank Description for a unfinished fishing rod with out guides or handle. Bobber The bobber also known as a slip, cork or float serves two angling functions: A surface strike indicator and a controlled depth presentation using live bait or lure. Bobbin Tool for holding a spool of thread while tying flies, inline spinner and spinner bait tails which allows the thread to be dispensed with a controlled tension. Boga Grip Trade name for a fish landing, handling and weighting tool. Bottom Bouncer A fishing rig made of stiff metal wire with a weight and formed as a number 7. Used to present live bait or artificial lures on the bottom minimizing snagging on structure. Break / Break Line Description of abrupt change in depth, bottom type, weeds, or water clarity. Bream Term used for Bluegill / Sunfish. Bronzeback Term for Small Mouth Bass. Brushline The inside/outside edge of a brushpile. Brushpile Structure either manmade or by nature consists of downed trees, limbs and brush. Bucket mouth Term for Large Mouth Bass. Bucktail A inline spinner tied with Deer, Squirrel hair or Synthetic dressings on hook. Bulger Inline spinner with two blades also referred as twin blade and double blade. Bullet Weight A lead or steel slip sinker shaped as a bullet. Mainly used in front of soft plastic lures: worms, lizards and crawfish for bass.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”
Bumping The act of making contact using artificial lures such as crank baits or jigs on lake structure (logs/rocks) or the lake bottom to entice a strike. Buzzbait Similar to the spinner bait used on the surface with a propeller replacing the blade. Buzzing A type of fast or quick straight line retrieve, also called ripping, burning and bulging. Lures used buzz baits, spinner baits, inline spinners and surface lures.
Cabbage A common name for the submerged aquatic plant from the Potamogeton species. Carolina Rig A fishing rig used to present the lure on the bottom. The set-up is first a barrel slip weight typically ½ oz or more is threaded on the line then a swivel is tied as a weight stop, on the other end of the swivel a leader is tied from 16” to 34” to the lure. To add sound place a glass bead behind the weight before the swivel this will click upon the weight hitting the bead. Carrying Capacity The number of species a specific areas habitat can support. Catch and Release Sport angling for fish and releasing them back immediately. Some areas allow sport angling, but require release of fish, in these areas, specific types of tackle is required. Caudal Fin The tail fin. Channels The bed of a river or stream also found on flowages and impoundment lakes. Chromer Term used for steelhead or a rainbow trout. Chugger Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when pulled. Clarity Refers to the amount of visibility of viewing underwater objects or your lure. Cold Front Refers to a weather condition when a high clear sky front moves in dropping the temperature.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Contact Point A term used to regarding any lake structure that provides fishing action. Such as a bar, rock pile or weed edge. Controlled Drift Known also as drift fishing, when a trolling motor, oars or drift sock is used to control a drift along structure or direction. Colors Term used for number of color segments of lead core line. Coontail A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Hornwort species. Count Down A fishing technique by counting down a lure to fish a specific depth. Count Down Lures Weighted lures than sink approximately one foot per second. Cove A small indentation on a shoreline. Cover General term used describing any type of lake structure natural or manmade that game fish relate too. Crankbait Refers to a minnow imitating lure with a diving lip or lipless. Creatures General term used for fishing with soft plastics imitating: Lizards, Crawfish, Water Dogs, Frogs and Tadpoles. Creel Fish basket or personal fish carrier used to carry fish when fishing on or near shore. Creeper Surface lure straight or jointed with metal wings mounted on sides that provides a unique plopping sound. Used on calm water. Crib A manmade underwater fish shelter, constructed from logs 6’ x 6’ square with brush inside. Placed on ice in winter for positioning. Crimp On Fastening sleeve used on steel and nylon leaders. Cross Lock A type of snap tied directly to fishing line or as a component on a leader.
Disgorger A hook removing device that removes deeply embedded hooks from fish. Dodger A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. weeds. fly and inline spinner hook dressing to add flash and color. A footage counter is connected to the reel unit to indicate the specific amount of cable that has been released. Downrigger Used specifically for constant trolling depth. inline spinner dressings to supply body and floatation. Crystal Flash Trade name for a synthetic stringy material used in many streamer. Flasher or LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). Graph. structure. Also known as a Fish finder. A weight is attached to the end of the cable and the line release is attached to the weight. The fishing line from an independent rod is attached to the release mechanisms on the downrigger cable. and suspended fish. by species. By lowering the weight (ball). shows bottom type. Dipsy Diver The dipsy diver is a circular trolling diving device attached to the fishing line that will enable to send lures down to a set depth and out to the side of your boat. that can be caught in one day. The downrigger is a winch-type mechanism that feeds cable off a rotating reel through a guide system along an extension arm.
Daily catch and possession limits Daily catch limits is the amount of fish.
Dabbling A fishing technique in which the angler works the lure up and down “Dabbling” in the same spot for a period of time. Possession limits refer to how many an angler may have in possession while in the field or during transport. The dodger is flat attractor with bent edges that sways back and forth to mimic a feeding salmon. Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Crustacean ( Crayfish ) A aquatic animal with a segmented body and outer shell. Deer Hair Body hair from deer which is used in many fly.
. Dorsal Fin The large single fin located along the back of fish. you can drop the line down to the desired depth. Depthfinder A electronic device using sonar that measures the depth of water. At the desired depth the reel is locked into place.
Erie Dearie A trade name for a weight forward spinner blade with single hook using a night crawler. Drop Off A sudden vertical drop in water depth. Mainly used on Lake Erie. Ethics Personal code of conduct based on respect for one's self. Also known as boat brakes. others. bacteria) interacting with one another forming a functioning whole. This water is turbulently mixed throughout at least some portion of the day and because of its exposure. can freely exchange dissolved gases such as Oxygen.
Ecosystem A complex ecological community or environment that contains organisms (eg. and your surroundings. currentcompensators. Estuary The mouth of a river where fresh water meets and mixes with salt water. mesotrophic (moderately productive). Epilimnion The upper. Drop Shot A fishing rig used primarily for bass fishing. The hook is usually 16 to 24 inches above the weight and hangs at 90 degrees with the hook point up rigged with soft plastic worms or grubs. animals. boat-positioners. Eutrophication The process by which lakes and streams are enriched by nutrients.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Drag A braking device on fishing reels that allow line to feed out preventing breakage when the reel is engaged playing a fish. and the resulting increase in plant and algae. and sea anchors. The extent to which this process has occurred is reflected in a lake's trophic classification: oligotrophic (nutrient poor).
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. wind-mixed layer of a thermally stratified lake. wind fighters. Carbon Dioxide with the atmosphere. plants. Esox Term used for describing a Muskie / Musky. and eutrophic (very productive and fertile). Edge Effect Where two habitat types join together resulting in increased diversity for vegetation and wildlife. A hook tied directly to the line using a palomar knot leaving a tag end for the bell weight attachment. Drift Sock Used for controlled drifting or trolling is in effect a underwater parachute when deployed slows the boat drift rate or trolling speed.
Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid. Sunrise. Flasher A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. Feeder Creek Tributary to a stream or river. Flat Underwater area with lack of structure.
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. Flipping A underhand casting technique placing a lure to a precise spot in a quite manner. Fillet Removal of bones and skin from flesh of fish to prepare for cooking.
Farm Pond Manmade body of water. The figure eight is drawing a sideways eight in the water with your rod tip. Flat Lining A trolling presentation by releasing line and lure off the back of the boat. The flasher is flat attractor with bent edges that rotates 360 degrees to mimic a feeding salmon.
Fan Cast Systematic series of casts covering a specific area.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Eyes Term used for describing a Walleye. Sunset. Figure 8 Technique used on triggering fish to bite upon the completion of a cast. Fish Hair Synthetic hair used in tying streamers and flies. Fatheads A commercially sold minnow as live bait used for most gamefish. Feeding Cycles / Times Best fishing times of the day or night associated with the positioning of the sun and moon and are related to a solunar chart for major and minor feeding periods. Finesse Fishing A fishing technique by using very light tackle.
Low lying area’s. Fly Line A weighted line which is cast out onto the water to deliver the fly to the desired location. larva and other stream forage.
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. Floating Line A fly line design to float on the surface of the water along its entire length.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Flipping Stick A type of rod designed and used for flipping. Used behind flashers and dodgers to represent salmon and trout forage. Floatant Material applied to flies and leaders in order to cause them to float on the surface of the water. inline spinners as well spinner baits. Fly Fishing Fly’s and Streamers An artificial lure hand tied using natural animal hair and feathers to mimic insects. used as a strike indicator for live bait fishing. Forceps A surgical tool used to remove hooks from fish. Floating Jig A jig hook wrapped with a floating material of hollow plastic or foam. Flowage A water system developed by the use of a dam for flood control. although dry shake crystals have recently been found on the market. 7-8 feet long Float A term also for bobber. Fly Casting The process of casting a fly line out onto the water. existing lakes and rivers are generally used to develop a flowage. Can be found in many densities and tapers. Used with a weight to present live bait off the bottom. Typically used for dry fly fishing and shallow water nymphing. Floss Material for tying flies. Typically sold in liquid or paste form. Fly Great Lakes Fly’s Tied using synthetic materials for color and flash. Florida Rig Similar to a Texas rig for Bass with the weight attached (screwed on) to the lure Flashabou Commercial name for a colorful synthetic filament material used in fly tying for adding flash to streamers.
Gill Net A net either pulled behind a boat or set from shore with floats on top and weights on the bottom to make it hold it upright in the water. mayfly larve nymphs and zooplankton.
Game Fish Fish that are fished for as sport and subject to regulations of take. FOW Abbreviation for "feet of water. GPS (GPS) Global Positioning System is a satellite-based navigation system made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit by the U. A glider travels through the water on a horizontal plane moving side to side by using a cadence pull retrieve. anywhere in the world. The GPS system make it possible for people with ground receivers to pinpoint their geographic location in any weather conditions. standard 100-yard spool of lead core line. There are no subscription fees or setup charges to use GPS. Gear Ratio Measurement of number of times a reel spool revolves for each turn of the handle. As fish swim into the net they are caught on there gill plates. Full Core Ten colors or a full." Front Any weather system that has a effect in changing temperature. Fry Life stage of fish still very young. minnows. frogs. as water flows across the gills the oxygen within them diffuses into the fishes blood and is carried though out of the body. Gill Plate A bony protective flap that covers the gills. 24 hours a day.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Fluorocarbon A type on monofilament (clear) fishing line or leader material. crawfish.
. wind and barometric pressure.S. Gills The lungs of a fish. Forage Any type of indigenous food for game fish. Department of Defense. Glider Term used to describe a Muskie / Northern Pike type minnow lipless lure. rain.
water. shelter and space. Also called bolt cutters. or plain hooks. Hard Mono A type of leader material made from monofilament line. Hawg Term used for large fish. Hook Cutters Tool used to cut hooks from fish for releasing. Grubs comes in hundreds of colors and shapes. Grayline A depth finder feature that allows the angler to distinguish between hard and soft bottom content.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Graph Term used to describe a paper recorded depth finder.
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. Greaser A term used for a Lake Trout. Holding Area Term used for structure that habitually holds game fish. also helps separate fish and important structures on or near the bottom from the actual bottom. Holographic Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape. Honey Hole Term used for area that constantly produces fish. Grubs A short soft plastic worm with a swimming/curlytail used on jigs.
Habitat The area where organisms live. Hook Hard wire formed into semi circle with sharpened point and barbed. Must provide adequate food. Head Lamps A battery powered flashlight type attachment on your hat or headgear for night fishing. Hatchery A facility where fish and raised for stocking. Half Core Five colors or "half" of a standard 100-yard spool of lead core trolling line.
Invasive Species A species is regarded as invasive if it has been introduced by human action to a location. or region where it did not previously occur naturally. Mainly used for large game fish Muskie.
Ichthyology Study of fish. Inline Spinner Straight wire lure with blade (s) a weighted body and hook dressed or undressed. habits and history. Invertebrate An animal without a backbone. area. Northern Pike. Hump Underwater area higher than the surrounding area. It is typically the coldest layer in the summer and warmest in the winter. Isolated Structure Stand alone fish attracting structure can be a hump. brush pile or crib. such as insects. their classification. Inside Bend Term for the inside curve of structure also called inside turn. or fluctuations in water levels. It is isolated from wind mixing and typically too dark for much plant photosynthesis to occur. Inactive Fish Game fish that are non feeding caused by weather / temperature changes. structures.
.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Horizontal Movement Distance of migrating fish movements remaining at the same depth.
Jaw Spreaders A catch and release tool made from hard wire coiled to hold the mouth of a fish open in removing lures or hooks. Hypothermia The rapid and abnormal chilling of the body. and most dense layer of a stratified lake. downed tree. Hypolimnion The bottom.
Lateral line A system of sense organs in fish: a series of pores or canals running along a line on each side of the body and on the head. There are two categories of jerk baits soft plastic’s jerks and hard minnow type jerks. Jointed Lures Any lure that has a single or multiple pieces that are joined together.
Lake Modifications Environmental elements on water systems that causes changes. Larva Sub surface stage of development of an aquatic insect. marabou. including vibrations. Open Water.
Jig A hook with molded weight attached in lead or steel. Made from steel wire. Deep. rubber skirts and soft plastic’s. in the water. Hard jerks are used for most all species including the larger jerk baits for Muskie and Northern Pike. nylon
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. Jig-N-Pig A bass lure using a jig dressed with a rubber skirt and a pork rind or plastic trailer attached to the hook to mimic a crayfish.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Jerk Bait The name jerk bait refers to the retrieve the angler uses by short pulls or jerks. erosion or wind.
Laydowns A log or tree that has fallen into the water caused from beavers. Jigs come plain undressed or dressed with hair. Ice and wave erosion. First and Second Break lines and Basin. detects pressure changes.
Keeper Term used for game fish that exceeds the minimum set size limit. droughts and flooding. Soft plastic’s jerks are used primarily for bass. Leader General The leader is the connection between the main fishing line and the lure. Lake Zones Categories used to describing water zones: Shallow.
wire/nylon/mono and a swivel.
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. Logjam A collection of downed trees usually found by shore. Live well Aerated storage compartments found on boats for keeping the caught fish alive. Line Guides Rod rings in which the line is held on a fishing rod. fishing line is attached directly to the lure. Often purchased as a tapered section. Fly Fishing Section of line used between the flyline and the tippet. Lindy Rig Trade name for a popular live bait bottom rig using a walking sinker a line stop with a length of line attached to a hook or floating jig head. Leeches A commercially sold live bait known as ribbon leech not the blood sucking variety. Action is a tight vibrating wobble. but can be assembled by tying successively smaller diameter sections of monofilament. bays or backwaters on rivers caused by current. Lentic Still water systems such as lakes and reservoirs Life Vest Personal floatation devices (PFD) to be worn while boating to keep person afloat if overboard. Light Intensity Refers to the amount of sunlight that can be measured at certain depths of the water column. Used for most game fish when available during the fishing season. Lead Core Line Lead covered braided line colored every ten yards for metering purposes. some have internal rattles. releases hold the fishing line until a strike from a fish. Lotic Moving water systems such as streams and rivers.All you need to know about “FISHING”
or heavy monofilament the purpose is to minimize bite off’s from game fish. Lipless Crankbaits Minnow or shad type lures. The components of a leader is a snap . Limiting Factor A biological limitation to a self-sustaining fish population. Comes in 100/200 yard spools used for depth controlled trolling. Clip on and tension held are the most popular. Line Releases Used on planer boards and downrigger weights.
Marabou Used for hook dressing on fly’s. Marabou used today comes from young turkey feathers dyed in many colors. Fish not meeting the minimum size must be released. Suspend the trap near a dock. This layer contains the thermocline but is loosely defined depending on the shape of the temperature profile. The ball slowly breaks up providing fresh bait for long periods. or at the head of a pool where the current slows. Lure Any artificial bait used to attract and catch fish. a batterypowered aerator will keep bait alive all day. Milfoil A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Myriophyllum species. Metalimnion The middle or transitional zone between the well mixed epilimnion and the colder hypolimnion layers in a stratified lake. Fish at or above stated size must be released. on a stream. Migration Patterns Established patterns or paths that game fish use moving one area to another Minnow Bucket A metal or plastic live bait container for minnows. Known as a invasive plant species Mono Abbreviation for monofilament line. Maximum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protects larger fish.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Lunker Term used for large fish caught. The first and second quarter of the moon is rated as good fishing. double-ended wire or plastic mesh funnels that narrow in the middle. Minnow traps are baited with a sticky mix of oatmeal or cornmeal rolled into a golf-ballsized clump. For solid bait buckets. inline spinners and spinner baits. Moon Phases Moon times or phases are considered by anglers best fishing times when the fish are feeding. There are four phases of the lunar cycle. the best is three days prior and after the new of full moon. Minnow Trap Minnow traps are cylindrical.
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. Minimum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protect smaller fish. They work on the principle that a small fish will swim into the trap to find food and is unable to find the way out. Perforated floating bait buckets can be dropped over the side of a boat or dock to allow a constant flow of fresh water.
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Paper Mouth A term for crappie. used on most game fish Neutrally Buoyant In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. Pectoral Fin The paired fins located just behind the gills along the abdomen. Nets Nets serve multiple purposes for fishing. upon stopping the retrieve the bait will remain at that water level.
Night Bite Term for active fishing at night.
Off Color Refers to water color such as stained or dark water.
Pattern A repetitive series of location and presentations that consistently produces fish. landing fish. Pegging Placing a tooth pick in slip weights in order to fasten to the line. bait nets and as floating live wells.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Mud Minnow A commercially sold minnow as live bait used on most game fish. Outside Bend Term for the outside curve of structure also called outside turn. Night Crawler A earth worm used as live bait. Their function is to help the fish stop and turn. Oxbow U shaped bend in a creek or river.
water with less than 7 is acidic. Pocket Small opening in weeds or indentation on a shoreline. Poppers Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when popped.All you need to know about “FISHING”
PFD Abbreviation for Personal Floatation Device or Life Jacket. A rating of 0 to 14 is used. LCD’s display the water below by dividing the screen into thousands of pixels. keeping the board on the line. Using planer boards allows the angler to run mutltiple lines by planning the boards off each side of the boat. Pitching A fishing technique by under handing a lure to a designated spot or area. and serve as food for fish and other larger game fish. On Great Lakes rigging a single release is used and a snap. Polarized lenses may also react adversely with liquid crystal displays LCDs depth finders in reading the display screen. planer boards are flat made from plastic or a dense floating foam with a beveled edge. Planer Boards Used for trolling. Pixels Found on LCD liquid crystal depth finder display screens. Polarized Sunglasses Polarized sunglasses reduces glare from the sun and allows the angler to view into the water. Pick-Up Term for soft bite or lite hit from a game fish. PH A measurement for liquids to determine acidity or alkaline. They are attached to the fishing line by the use of a line release ( clip on / tension clip). Pit Old mine that filled with water. In purchasing a LCD depth finder the higher number of pixels the better screen resolution and clearer images. Plankton Small or microscopic plants and animals that float or drift in great numbers especially at or near the surface. Upon a fish strike the board will release to play the fish. arranged in rows and columns The pixels are so close together that they appear connected. A pixel is short for picture element a single point in a graphic image. Used for flying fishing and bass. They work on the principle blocking the horizontal polarized light reflections by the vertically oriented polarizers in the lenses. PH Meter A meter to measure acidity or alkaline.
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. Point A outcropping or finger of land projecting into a water system.
Ripple Tail Type of flat tail made on soft plastic lures that ripple or undulate in the water. Riprap A man made stretch of boulders and rocks to prevent land erosion attracting many game fish. swimming tail. impoundment and flowages. and squirrelly tail.
Quick Strike Rigs A fishing rig of multiple hooks placed on live bait in order to set the hook upon a strike of a fish. Prism Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape. water depth. natural such as rock piles or sand that vary in size and depth. Used primarily for ice fishing and muskie fishing with suckers.
Rattles Small metal balls used on inside of lures to create sound.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Pork Rind Made from pig skin pork rind attach as trailers to lures for added action. squirmin tail. Presentation A term encompassing all elements in catching fish. Reef Any submerged structure protruding off the bottom. Red Worms A earth worm mainly used as bait for sunfish and perch. structure. Found mainly on reservoirs. retrieve or trolling technique which makes a successful presentation. Reservoir A type of water system that is developed by the use of a dam. An artificial reef is man made built for the purpose of promoting a underwater ecosystem in areas of generally a featureless bottom. Also called curly tail.
. Lure types and color. Post Front The weather after cold front moves through bringing clear blue bird skies and cooler temperatures. Red Tail Chub A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike and Walleyes.
Seine A net laid out in a circle around a school of bait fish. used for Muskie and Northern Pike on jerk baits and gliders
. Shad Tail A type of tail on a lure that shakes back and forth. and spinner baits are generally used.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Rosy Reds A commercially sold minnow as live bait available in the winter months for ice fishing.
Saddle Lake structure that narrows and opens to a wide area. After the school is surrounded.
Sanctuary Area’s where fish are protected by the state Natural Resource Department. shad. Used on soft plastic lures. a handle with a strainer type scoop to clean ice fishing holes. Scents also are impregnated in manufacturing of soft plastic lures. inline spinners. minnow to spices. Scents Also known as fish formulas and attractants are marketed as sprays. Search Lures Lures used in a quick presentation such as fan casting a areain order tofind aggressive fish. salt. Single Strand Leader A leader component made from a single steel hard wire. cherry and garlic. Rubber Core Sinker A type of elongated sinker with a rubber core to attach ( twist on ) fishing line. crawfish. the bottom of the net is drawn shut to trap the fish. anise. Scents come in numerous different flavors or odors ranging from forage scents. Rough Fish Fish not considered sport fish and generally not regulated. Short Strike Term for missed fish or short bite. crank baits. Seven Strand Leader A type of leader material using seven strand flexible wire. Scoop Made in metal or plastic. fruits and vegetables. liquids and jellies applied to lures to mask the human odor and attract game fish.
weeds. Slow Roll A fishing retrieve by slow rolling a spinner bait or weedless spoon over cover. Slip Bobber A fishing rig component that uses a float/bobbermade of wood or dense foam around a hollow tube. in which the fishing line slips through to a line knot/stop above the weight and hook. When a fish strikes a trolled lure. A snubber is a length of surgical tubing with a swivel attached at both ends. A slip sinker rig is well suited when still fishing the bottom for light biting fish such as walleyes. Snubbers Used on trolling rigs from the Dipsy Diver to the leader. made from lead or steel. Slot Limit Fishing regulation which requires release of fish within a listed size range (or slot). rocks or on the bottom. Once they take in the bait they can pull the line through the sinker eye not feeling any resistance which would cause them to spit out the bait. Slough A narrow stretch of water such as a creek of stream off a lake or river system.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Sinking Line A flyline design to sink below the surface of the water for getting a wet fly or streamer down deeper. Soft Plastic’s A category classification of any lure made from soft plastic’s. Ski Short term used for describing a Muskie / Musky. Can be found with different sink rates for different fishing styles Sinkers Any type of weight used for fishing rigs. Snap A rigging component used to connect the lure from a leader or directly to the fishing line. Size Limits Fishing regulations which limits anglers to keep fish based upon size. The slip bobber is used for deep water live bait presentations mainly for walleyes and crappies and panfish. Inside the tubing is a coiled piece of heavy line. Slider A trolling rig by attaching multiple fishing lines to a single down rigger cable and weight by using sliding releases. wood. the snubber stretches out to absorb the impact and then retracts. Slit Refers to the lake bottom content also known as muck.
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. Slip Sinker Any sinker that fishing line passes through.
Spawning Reproductive activity of fish. Spinner Bait A safety pin styled lead head wire blade (s) lure with a single hook dressed with rubber skirt hair or soft plastic’s. Spinning Reel A open faced reel mounted underneath the rod. Split Shotting A finesse rig by using a small split shot above a single light wired hook using live bait or small soft plastic’s. Usual lengths approximately 4 to 5 feet.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Soft Tail Lures Hard bodied lures incorporating a soft plastic swimming or shad tail. Spoons Considered one of oldest lures used in fishing. Spawn Sac’s A effective bait used for Salmon. spoons are made from metal with hooks attached. the act of releasing eggs into the water by female fish for fertilization by male fish. Spincaster A closed face spinning fishing reel mounted on the top of a rod employing a push button release for casting. Spring Fed Water system that is supplied water through a underground spring. Spud A ice fishing metal chisel to clean frozen over holes. Splash Tail A surface lure with a bell shaped metal tail attached on the end that flaps side to side also known as a flap tail. Steelhead and Trout when spawning occurs in streams and rivers. Split Shot Type of round weight made from lead or steel that is pinched on fishing line. Spawn Sac’s are made from fish egg’s or roe tied together in using a fine mesh netting. Split Ring A lure component (wired ring) connecting the hooks to the lure. Used as bait on a drift fishing bottom rig. virtually used for all game fish with thousands of varieties and colors. Stained Water Refers to water color caused by minerals tree roots or drainage. Stick Bait
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. The line is retrieved in a spinning fashion over the bail.
. Swivels acts as a line stop and rigging connectors for bottom rigs also connects the fishing line to a leader to prevent line twist. Suspending Lures In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. making the bait go back-and-forth to resemble a wounded baitfish. Also called Neutrally Buoyant Lure. Structure Underwater structure is basically all solid objects rising from the bottom of a lake or river that isn't part of the actual bottom as in tree’s. The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop. Swivel A rigging component with many uses. upon stopping the retrieve the bait will suspend at that water level. Suspended Fish Fish that relate to open water away from structure." Stick-Ups Any above surface stationary structure such as tree stumps or limbs. Swimming Lures Any type of lures that are designed to swim as a baitfish by providing a wobble. which is called "walking the dog. Suckers A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike. Stragglers Term used when a school of fish move and a few stay behind. Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front.All you need to know about “FISHING”
A lipless slender plug or topwater lure that is given action by the angler manipulating the rod and reel. Stringer A steel or nylon cable with or without snap hooks to keep fish. Stinger Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called trailer hook. cribs and rocks which creates habitats for feeding fish. Strip On’s A old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner. Walleyes and Muskies. old bridge pilings and fence posts. vibrate or wiggle motion. Stink Bait Home made or commercially bought stink baits are concoctions of ingredients that produces a unique aroma that attract catfish and carp. brush piles.
Tippet The monofilament section of the fly rig between the leader and the fly. To rig a bullet weight is threaded on the line then a hook is tied. snap swivel and blade to a soft plastic lure or live sucker to add attraction and color. turn the hook and insert the point back into the lure with out exposing the point of the hook. baitfish hang just above the thermocline. To make the rig weedless insert the hook about 3/8 of a inch in the front of the lure. Taper Underwater structure gently slopes downward. split rings. inland stream flies as well as bucktails. Tinsel A metallic filament used in lure tying to provide flash and color on great lakes flies.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Tackle Box A container that stores fishing equipment in a organized manner for transporting and protecting the tackle from the weather elements. snaps. weights swivels. Thumper Tail Lure A jointed surface lure with a rotating rear section using a metal cupped tail blade. while larger game fish are found suspended in or just below it. These are areas underwater where warmer layers of water meet cooler layers. Generally. push the hook to the eye. Thermocline During the summer months lakes stratify into layers. and bobber stops. Texas Rig A weedless bottom rig used on soft plastic lures. Upon a fish strike the rod will follow a downward motion indicating a fish strike. shaped as a H with a base. Tail Gunner A muskie rig by attaching a combination of a single hook. Tip Down Used for ice fishing a tip down is made of wood or plastic. Terrestrial Term used to describe land-based insects which are often food for fish. Tail Spinners A tear drop weighted head jig with a blade mounted on the tail used for vertical jigging. The function of a tip down is a rod holder and a strike indicator. The ice fishing rod is held on a tip down balancing on a pivot rod at a 45 degree angle upward maintaining depth control of the bait. Terminal Tackle A category classification for rigging components such as: hooks. crawfish and lizards.
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. Used on soft plastic worms. this is the themocline and where fish are often active. Test A measurement of fishing line strength as stated on the label.
Topwater Lure Any lure that floats on the water also known as a surface lure. Trolling A fishing method where fishing lines are pulled behind a boat to attract and catch fish. Triggering The act of causing a fish to bite / strike a lure or live bait. Transition A term used when describing changing of water bottom conditions such as hard to soft. Upon a fish strike the reel will turn moving the trip rod releasing the flag. The amount of line used is held by the trip rod using the metal wire with the flag.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Tip-Up Used for ice fishing a tip up is a set rig using a cross piece of plastic or wood with a spring loaded wire and flag attached. Topper Lure A straight top water lure with propellers in front and back. Used for controlled drifting / casting and boat positioning. mounted on the bow or stern. They are drawn through the water by a connecting line from the boat or mast to the board itself unlike a planer board that is connected to the fishing line.
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. Torpedo Lure A top water lure shaped as a cigar or torpedo. Treble Hook A three pronged hook used on most all lures. Used for all game fish. The tip up rig is placed over a ice fishing hole on the cross piece with the metal tube turned vertically and placed in to the water. Tubes A hollow bodied soft plastic lure tipped with tentacles. Trolling Board A trolling board are either single ordouble in make up. rigged with a jig or hook inside. Trolling boards allows the angler to run multiple rod set-ups by placing sliding releases on the connecting line. Centered on the cross piece is a metal tube filled with anti freeze attached to a reel on the bottom and a trip bar on top. The retrieve used is “Walk the Dog” using short cadence snaps making the lure move side to side. Trailer Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called stinger hook. Trolling Motor A electric small fishing motor powered by marine batteries. weeds to rocks etc… Also used in fish migration context. Tributary A stream that flows into a larger stream.
Vertical Movement Up and down movement of fish through water columns also a fishing technique by jigging. especially in small sheltered lakes. Waxworms The wax worm is the larvae of the wax moth. This allows wind and wave action to mix the entire lake.
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. spot. fly boxes and other equipment while fishing. or destination (latitude/longitude) that can be stored in memory to be recalled and used at a later time for navigation purposes. or a Gore-Tex-like material. It's shape also prevents it from rolling and the streamlined shape resists snags. Favorite bait for panfish used year round.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Turnover Fall cooling and spring warming of surface water act to make density uniform throughout the water column. nylon.
Waders Protective outer clothing used to keep the fisherman dry when standing or float-tubing in water. Walk the Dog A fishing retrieve used on the surface by snapping a torpedo type lure with short cadence snaps to move the lure side to side. the act of popping a minnow type lure on the surface to sub surface creating a erratic motion of a distressed baitfish. Mixing allows bottom waters to contact the atmosphere. warming may occur too rapidly in the spring for mixing to be effective. Vest A piece of clothing used to hold various tools. Typically made of neoprene. Can be insulated to supply warmth. Twitching A fishing retrieve.
Walking Sinker Used on bottom rigs made from lead or steel The walking sinker is designed to pivot on it's heel and let the line slide through the eye.
Vise The tool used to hold a hooks or lures in place while tying or building lures. Waypoint A GPS term for location. However. raising the water's oxygen content. the larvae are milky white or light tan about 3/4" in length.
Worm’n A bass fishing technique using a soft plastic worm. especially at or near the surface. Wolf River Bait Rig Popular river bottom fishing rig named after the river it is used on. Wire Line Used for deep water trolling. Wobbler A international term used to describe a jointed plug or crank bait. and serve as food for fish and other larger organisms. or transition of the bottom type. Weedline A weed line or weed edge is caused by a change in depth. The basic components are a bell sinker with a length of line to a three way swivel connecting to the rod and a short leader to the hook.
. jig or hook minimize snagging on weeds or wood by using a wire. Worm Harness A fishing rig using a leader with multiple single hooks for night crawlers along with a combination of blades and or floats.
Zooplankton Small or microscopic animals that float or drift in great numbers in water. Cast drop and drag slowly. fiber or plastic guards over the hook. lizard or crawfish. wire line is available in single wire or stranded made of copper and nickel-copper alloy and stainless steel.All you need to know about “FISHING”
Weedless A term used to describe making a lure.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
All you need to know about “FISHING”