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November 1, 2012 Compiled by: Darseet Garasia
All you need to know about “FISHING”
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Fishing Rods & Reels
In determining a fishing rod and reel one must consider the species you are fishing for along with the type of lure or live bait to be used. For instance your rod and reel set-up should match the fishing presentation. If you're pursuing panfish using light lures or small minnows your outfit should be lightweight for casting and detecting bites, not a heavy baitcaster for pike or bass. There are five main basic categories of fishing rod and reel combinations, and within each there are multiple sub-categories of specialty types of outfits used for specific fishing applications, for example Walleye fisherman use rod and reel set-ups for slip bobber, slip sinker, jigging and trolling. Bass fisherman carry pitchin', flippin', crank baiting, and soft plastics combo's. Muskie anglers have bucktail, jerk bait and top water outfits. In short, fishing rods and reels have come a long way over time, with new space age materials having been developed for rod construction making them longer and much lighter as well as reels with multiple ball bearings and one piece alloy and graphite frames.
Fishing Rod & Reel Combinations:
This is the preferred set-up for the inexperienced angler. Spincasting outfits are excellent in teaching the beginning angler and children the mechanics of casting. The spin cast reel is mounted above the rod with the reel spool enclosed with a nose cone cover, this prevents line snarling and backlash's that are associated with bait casting reels. Casting is a simple task, the angler presses and holds down a button on the rear of the reel, this disengages the line pick-up pin, upon the forward cast the line comes off the spool. Once the crank handle is turned the pick-up pin is engaged retrieving the line on the spool. Spincast reels have low gear ratios as a result of the size of the spool, which makes it difficult to fish lures that require a fast retrieve such as: inline spinners, spinner baits and buzz baits. When purchasing a spincast reel consider selecting models with anti reverse and smooth drag system versus the inexpensive all plastic models with sticky drags that result in broken line. For rods buy fiberglass their durable will hold up from abuse.
pike and muskie. Hold the rod at the 2 o’clock position and slowly turn the knob counter clockwise until the lure starts to fall. tie on your lure and reel it to the tip of your rod. when casting the angler moves the rod backward then snapping it forward. In the early years of bait casting reels the angler used their thumb to control the amount of line travel as well as to prevent the spool overrun or backlash. Push the casting release button. crappies. and come in a wide variety of options and types: Round and Low Profile. and or a magnetic 'cast control' to reduce spool overrun during a cast and resultant line snare called a birds nest. Because of this lighter lures can be used where the weight of the lure does not have to pull against a rotating spool. BAITCASTING: Baitcasting outfits are excellent for many kinds of fishing. In casting a spinning reel the angler opens the bail. All bait casting reels are mounted above the rod. then using a backward snap of the rod followed by a forward cast. Tighten the knob until it feels snug. Let the lure hit the ground and watch the spool. The Darseet Garasia Page 3 . The design was of a fixed spool reel mounted below the fishing rod with a mechanical pick-up (wire bail) used to retrieve the fishing line. The anti reverse feature prevents the crank handle from rotating while fighting a fish allowing the angler to use the drag.All you need to know about “FISHING” SPINNING: Spinning reels where commercially introduced in 1948 by Mitchell Reel Company of France. (The casting brake is the small knob located in the center under the reel handle side) To set the cast control. grasping the line with the forefinger. For successful casting the most important setting is the casting brake. perch and walleyes. High and Low Retrieve Speed along with anti-reverse handles and line drags designed to slow runs by large and powerful gamefish. Spinning outfits operate best using fairly light weight limp flexible monofilament fishing lines and are used for bluegills. Today all quality bait casting reels have a spool tension feature for adjusting the centrifugal brake. the line is drawn off the fixed non rotating spool and not against a rotating spool such as a bait casting reel. Baitcasting outfits are considered the standard when using heavier lures fishing bass. the line is pulled off the reel by the weight of the lure. Spinning rods have large fishing line guides to minimize line friction upon casting. Your lure should not move.
Trolling is a productive fish catching technique by presenting multiple lures covering a lot of water. titanium or a combination of metal alloys to prevent toothy fish from severing the line. The spool line capacity on trolling reels is greater than bait casting reels to accommodate heavier fishing line that is used for long line big water trolling. FLYCASTING: The art of fly fishing has been documented going back for hundreds of years dating to ancient times. ( See our trolling section for more rigging information). Trolling rods range from long and limber for downriggers and planer boards to stiff for large crank baits. Inland freshwater anglers use monofilament and lead core for walleyes and salmon. Loosen the knob and repeat the procedure. Trolling reels are designed to offer the most versatility when it comes to fishing line options. TROLLING: The term trolling not only reflects the type of equipment. as the trolling reels are mounted above the rod. Baitcasting reels offer the angler a wide variety of fishing line options ranging from the new super lines (Braided Low Stretch) to copolymer "Fluorocarbon" and nylon monofilament. Trolling outfits are very similar to bait casting set-ups. In learning the casting technique we recommend practicing on land with a plastic casting plug. it is also illegal in some area’s of the country so please check your local fishing regulations. Muskie & Pike anglers use low stretch braided super lines for trolling large plugs and spinners. All trolling reels have three basic features: star drag (Line Braking System) on the reel handle for fighting large game fish. the cast control is set too tight. tighten the cast control knob and repeat the procedure.All you need to know about “FISHING” spool should not spin more than one revolution after the lure hit’s the ground. planer/trolling boards and dipsey divers. Overall bait casting outfits are best suited for the experienced angler. Trolling is a form of angling where lines with hook-rigged lures are dragged behind a boat to entice fish to bite. an on/off line release lever and a line out alarm (Clicker) other options are a line counter allowing the angler to replicate the amount of line used on successful fish catching patterns. Coastal saltwater anglers use wire lines made of stainless steel. Trolling can be as simple as just letting line off the reel with an attached lure known as flat lining or using rigging systems such as a downriggers. they can be intimidating but you can learn with a little time and effort. but a commonly used method of fishing. If the spool does not spin after the lure hit’s the ground. Darseet Garasia Page 4 . Baitcasting rods have also evolved from the older 5-6 foot pool cue rods to 7-9 foot lengths used today allowing increased casting distance and accuracy. If it spins more than one revolution.
not the lure. For the more proficient caster using the same set-up a spinning reel is best. The fly lure is non-weighted for which the fly rod uses the weight of the fly line in casting the fly lure. attached on the end of the fly line is a leader of monofilament or fluorocarbon fishing line called a tippet in whichthe fly lure is tied to. shooting-head) level (even through out) as well as floating and sinking types. the rod should sway back and forth and stay somewhat horizontal not completely moving forward or backward. by fishing for a length of time your wrist will tire by trying to hold the rod upward. For the less experienced angler this can be somewhat confusing. or other lightweight materials to mimic insects. Darseet Garasia Page 5 . reel and fly lures as well as receiving lessons on casting. weight-forward. You will have problems casting and it will take away the sensitivity from the rod tip in feeling a fish strike. and angling technique? Will you be casting lures using live bait or trolling. Conversely. The angler starts by stripping line off the reel with one hand while whipping the rod in a series of back a forth motions over the shoulder. Newer fly reels have incorporated disc type drag that allows the angler the adjustment range using the combination of the rod and reel to control large game fish in powerful runs. Fly fishing reels are mounted below the rod with the basic design of line storage. or curve cast and the tuck cast. foam. Fly lines are available in a variety of forms varying from tapered sections (double-tapered. Fishing Reel Features: In selecting the right reel for your style of fishing there are literally thousands of different reels on the market today to choose from. but now are constructed from man made composite materials (fiberglass. the reel must be balanced with your rod. roll cast side. determines casting.All you need to know about “FISHING” countless articles have been written regarding legendary trout stream fishing or for European salmon. If you use a reel that weighs too much for the rod it will feel butt heavy. the angler used their hand as a line brake known as palming when fighting a fish. a reel that is too light for a rod will make it feel tip heavy. Other casting techniques are false casting. Fly rods are long. Before we compare the features of fishing reels here are some pointers that will help you determine a list of requirements for the best type of reel to use. flexible fishing rods originally made of split bamboo. others are single and double haul cast. These answers will narrow down your search and aid in purchasing the proper reel. The correct angle is 10 o' clock to 2 o' clock.feathers. Early fly reels often had no drag systems just a clicker that was used to keep the reel from overrunning the line when pulled from the spool. The goal is to present the fly lure in such a way that the line lands smoothly on the water’s surface and appears natural. First. if not change reel sizes or rod length to achieve a balanced outfit. used to cast a fly lure without landing on the water. As a general guideline the lighter the line and smaller the game fish the best reel choice for the novice anglers and children is a spincast reel. The angling method of fly fishing is casting a fly or streamer consisting of a hook tied with fur. what kind of fish will you be catching? What is the average size. carbon/graphite and boron/graphite) ranging from 6ft to 14ft in length. If you're considering fly fishing we highly recommend that you seek professional guidance by visiting your local fly fishing pro shop in selecting the rod. the most common is the forward cast. There are several types of casts in fly fishing. The fly line. thin. As the targeted species gets larger requiring heavier line and lures a conventional reel or bait caster will be the better choice. The main objective is to load the rod with stored energy then transmit that energy to the fly line allowing the angler the acceptable amount of casting distance. Fly rods are sized (matched) by the weight of the fly line from size #0 rods for the smallest freshwater trout and panfish up to and including #16 rods for large saltwater game fish.For a properly balanced outfit hold the rod with the reel attached on the fore grip (the handle above the reel) by using a few fingers. minnows and other aquatic creatures. What pound test line is best suited for the fishing application. For the best performance from your reel.
but loose enough to come off of the fishing reel easily. For larger game fish some bait casting and trolling reels use a additional anti reverse gear along with the bearing this adds security if the bearing can not handle the strain of hard running fish. This is the fine tuning feature found on more expensive reels that works with a internal transfer braking mechanism. These systems are centrifugal and magnetic. The concept of the drag is letting the line unwind in a controlled manner off the reel when a fish pulls so hard that the line is in danger of breaking. depending on the model some have one some have both and are either externally adjustable or internal. at the beginning of a cast (with the increased RPM‘s) this mechanism rotates out towards the braking magnets to slow the spool which helps reduce backlashing. ANTI REVERSE: The anti reverse function on fishing reels is so the handle does not turn backwards when the line is pulled from the reel as the drag is used. It is the generally thought that the greater amount of bearings in a reel the smoother the operation and the higher the cost. DRAG: All types of fishing reels have a drag system. The drag should be set tight enough for a hook set. The centrifugal casting control is located on the reel handle side and his adjusted by turning the knob forward or backward. The magnetic control braking system is located on the other side with a numbered position dial to increase or decrease the amount of magnetic force applied to the spool. BALL BEARINGS: All conventional fishing reels contain either ball bearings or bushings built within the reel to operate the spool smoothly. adjustments are made by turning the wheel to the proper tension. not the type or quality of the bearings. think of it as a clutch or line braking system. The front Darseet Garasia Page 6 . machining & bearing qualities ) as comparing to other reels in determining which is the smoothest. these descriptions will help you identify and understand the ideal reel for your angling needs.front drag and a rear drag. Front drags are generally smoother than a rear drag. many of them are universal and found on all types of reels.All you need to know about “FISHING” Listed below are the features and components that make up fishing reels. The deciding factor when it comes to purchasing a new reel should not be limited to just the number of bearings but the overall performance. But one must consider that the amount of bearings does not necessarily mean that the reel is smoother than others with less. Most baitcasting reels today have anti reverse as a standard feature. CASTING CONTROLS: (BAITCASTING) All quality baitcasting reels come with built in casting control systems that help determine how fast the spool is spinning when casting. Baitcasting/Trolling/Spincast reels use a star-shaped wheel located on the reel handle called a star drag. While no bait casting reel is considered backlash free even with all of the casting features to help control the spool casting speed. The drag feature is a tension setting applied to the spool of the reel. The drag uses a set of multiple disc washers that compress when pressure is increased or relaxed when decreased. It is still advisable to apply light thumb pressure on the spool in order to prevent a backlash. Reel companies only list the total number of bearings for the reel. High quality reels that feature the number of bearings on models followed with a single number such as 7+1 indicates a anti reverse bearing which with tighter machining tolerances provides the angler with a "no play in handle" giving the angler complete control during stop and go retrieves and solid hook sets. Spinning reels have two types of drags . (smooth cranking. Spinning reels have an anti reverse on/off lever that will allow the angler the choice of engaging the drag or back reeling when fighting a fish. In other words a 2 ball bearing reel machined with tight tolerances and high quality factory sealed stainless steel bearings will perform longer and smoother than a reel with 6 ball bearings made of brass.
LINE COUNTERS: This reel feature is found exclusively on trolling reels. LINE CAPACITY: Printed on the reel or it's package is a guideline of the amount of fishing line that the spool of the reel will hold.Pull the line with your hand. the level wind feature automatically places the line evenly or level across on the spool upon retrieving the line. Leaving drag settings tight will cause the drag washers to become flat reducing the tension ability. but they normally don’t stand up to big fish and demanding conditions like front drag reel models. The rear drag uses applied pressure on the drive shaft. Analog line counters resemble car odometers. Lever drags are a available feature on high end (expensive) trolling and baitcasting reels. GEAR RATIOS: All reel manufactures list the gear ratio on their products. This chart is based on the use of monofilament line and will look like this: 8/(175) 10/(155) 12/(130) the first number is the lb test followed by the amount of yards.All you need to know about “FISHING” drag features larger. and large muskie baits. Another tip to reduce reel maintenance. On low profile and smaller round baitcasting reels the line guide will remain in its' position when casting. Another alternative is a two speed reel that the angler can shift from high speed to low speed with a simple push or pull of a button. if you have a decent amount of resistance. and lipless crank baits. Reels with the range of 5. you should be fine. This indicates the line rating set by the manufacturer for 8-12 lb test line to work correctly without either stressing parts or making it difficult to use. Lever drags allows the tension to be adjusted in more precise smaller increments which supplies a smoother fish fighting performance. Digital line counters provide the same line usage reading as the analog but can also be programmed for Darseet Garasia Page 7 . By varying the pound test line on the reel such as placing 40lb on a reel rated for 8lb-12lb will give you an inadequate amount of line due to the increased line thickness making the reel difficult to cast as well as increasing the stress and eventual failure on the drag (By setting the drag too tight) With the advent of new fishing lines with increased lb test and reduced diameters we still recommend that you follow guideline placed on the reel by the reel company. back off the drag tension setting. As a rule always check your drag before your first cast. High speed reels are better for working lures quickly when the angler seeks speed for "burning" bucktails. In cases where you hook a exceptional sized fish the drag should be adjusted (increased) as you feel the size of the fish. spinnerbaits. The gear ratio refers to how many revolutions the spool of the reel makes per one complete turn of the reel handle.1 are the best compromise if purchasing a single reel. This offers the angler the convenience of not manually guiding the line on the spool. multiple disc drag washers on the spool that offer a higher level of performance and durability. Analog and Digital. which if not properly done will usually pile up in the center of the spool. Rear drag spinning reels may offer convenience and ease of use. It allows a reference by which anglers can consistently return a bait to the same depth or distance from the boat when flat line trolling or rigging (Downriggers. when storing your reels for a extended amount of time. For instance a high speed reel with a 6:1 ratio will make 6 revolutions versus a low speed reel at 3:1 with 3 revolutions per each turn of the reel handle. on larger round bait casting reels the line guide will follow the line when casting. Dipsey Divers and Trolling Boards) There are two types of reel line counters. LEVEL WIND: Found on most baitcasting and trolling reels as the name implies. clicking off numbers as the spool revolves. Generally low speed reels are best suited for lures that require a slow presentation and greater cranking power such as crank baits for bass and pike.
used and developed by tournament and pro anglers. Of the two the anodized aluminum spool offers greater strength and durability than graphite spools. Many conventional baitcasting reels are also constructed in the same fashion. SPOOLS: When selecting a reel the material type and design of the spool should be a point of consideration. their bodies are composed of multiple pieces. preventing the line to become entangled with in the reel housing. Line counters are also very useful on how much line is left on your reel after a fish makes a run. They are mainly used for presenting live/cut bait on the ocean and freshwater muskie fishing using suckers. Spinning reels today feature a "skirted" spool that overlaps the reel frame. elongated "long cast" spool design. or a shallower. using bronze or stainless steel that will offer the strength and capacity required for specialty lines such as heavy dacron or wire used for trolling. they are heavier. Graphite-bodied reels are light and corrosion resistant. FISHING RODS: Fishing Rods have evolved over the years. REEL HOUSINGS AND FRAMES: Most reel housings and frames are constructed of either aluminum (die-cast or forged) or graphite. rods designed for a fishing technique or lure such as jigging. flippin. which can break or crack under torque. however. top water etc… the specialty rods are a specific tool. trolling. This design increases the overall integrity and strength of the reel. yet they normally don’t offer the same strength and durability as die-cast or forged aluminum fishing reels. ON / OFF FREE SPOOL LEVER: On trolling reels there is a simple on/off lever that when switched on engages the reel for retrieving the line. On many baitcasting aluminum spools holes have been drilled in to reduce the weight while increasing casting distance. fiberglass. In theory.All you need to know about “FISHING” differences in line thickness accounting for impressive accuracy. LINE OUT ALARM: This feature is a audible alarm alerting the angler of a fish strike also known as a clicker or bait alarm. A simple on-off switch is used in the free spool mode. however. Darseet Garasia Page 8 . resulting in greater casting distance. Each of these materials has its advantages and disadvantages. With this development of the rod materials came the specialty rods. Always disengage the clicker when retrieving or casting. but place a specialty rod in the hands of an experienced fisherman in presenting a certain bait or lure and with their knowledge of fishing it will give them the edge in catching more fish. Other skirted spinning reel spool options offers a choice of a standard spool. reels made of anodized aluminum are generally stronger and more durable than the graphite models. jerkbait. when switched off it is in free spool allowing the angler to let the line run off the reel using a bait or lure. crank baits. Due to the nature of a spinning reel's design. from the early days using natural materials with fixed fishing lines such as sticks. Line out alarms are available on baitcasting and spinning reels. For big water heavy duty fishing large baitcasting and trolling spools are made from metal. Always keep your thumb on the free spool to control the amount of line released to prevent a backlash. boron and carbon. machined anodized aluminum and graphite. bamboo and cane poles to rods using steel or fiberglass to the rods of today using graphite or composites of graphite. for the recreational angler the catch rate will not increase based on having a specialty rod or rods. There are two common materials used. worm. pitchin. the newer long-cast spool design allows for reduced line friction. some manufacturers have introduced one-piece graphite frames. while maintaining the lighter weight.
crankbaits. 6’-6"-7’-0" Baitcasting Rod Power: Medium-Medium Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight 3/8 . Part of being a better angler is the ability to place your lure/bait exactly where you want it.3/8oz Test Line rating 8lb-12lb Fishing: Walleye and Bass spooled with 8lb test monofilament for live bait and soft plastic bottom rigs. you will be able to cast farther feel structure. 7‘-0" Spinning Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight 1/32 . spinner baits. rocks. topwater) Length: 7’-0" Type: Baitcasting Rod Power: Extra Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight: 1-3oz Test line rating: 25lb + Fishing: Northern Pike and Muskies spooled with 50lb-80lb braided line with a leader for presenting heavy lures 1oz and up ( inline spinners. 7’-0" Spinning Rod Power: Medium Light-Medium Action: Moderate Lure Weight 1/8 .1 oz Test line rating 10lb-17lb Fishing: Bass and Northern Pike spooled with 12lb-15lb test monofilament with a leader primarily for heavier artificial lures 3/8-1oz (spoons. and a good rod will definitely help you accomplish this. gliders. Good combo set-up for children and novice anglers for easy casting and bobber fishing. inline spinners. jigs. Spooled with 6lb test.1/8oz Test line rating 4lb-6lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and early season Walleye spooled with 4lb test monofilament for Float(Bobbers) with live-bait. spinner baits.All you need to know about “FISHING” As the old cliché states: "You get what you pay for" For the recreational angler we recommend spending as much as your budget allows. small jigs and light lures 1/16-1/8oz. 5‘-6"-6‘-0" Spincast Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight Test Line Rating 4lb-8lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and Walleye. often as quietly as possible. jerk baits. With the numerous rod selections available today here’s a few suggested basic rod buying tips that will cover multiple fishing presentations. the better the rod the more sensitive it will be. tubes and mid weight lures 1/8-3/8oz. top water) Darseet Garasia Page 9 . the more responsive it will be. weeds and the most important feel fish strikes. crank baits.
Fiberglass is also a very good choice for children starting out in fishing where durability is an issue. in other words how much the rod bends when you put pressure on the tip and how far the rod flexes. the higher the rating the better the rod. Heavier fast action rods are used for Muskies & Pike in burning bucktails. For instance. resin toughness with the amount of fiber. Action ranges from extra fast where just the tip flexes to slow or softer where the majority of the rod flexes. the cloth is measured to determine the amount and stiffness to weight of modulus fibers. in casting a moderate action rod it will bend for about half of it’s length which will provide more casting distance and still have the capability for a adequate hookset. Ideal for slip bobbers/floats live bait for walleye fishing because the fish is less likely to feel resistance from the soft tip and drop the bait. at least you can compare the rods built by the same manufacturer. sensitive and flexible. Some anglers use fiberglass when fishing crank baits for the slow action and muskie anglers use fiberglass in cold weather for quick strike rig sucker fishing where the rod sensitivity is not required but the toughness (setting the hook especially in very cold weather and not breaking the rod) is needed. Since some rod companies use the IM designation ratings to refer to their rod blanks that are not supplied by Hexcel. GRAPHITE: Graphite rod building started in the 1970’s and has continued to this day. ROD RATINGS: ACTION / POWER Action refers to the flex characteristics of a rod. The first is "modulus graphite rating". Most all quality rods today are built using graphite and have become the preferred choice for rod blank builders. The benefits of graphite rods are many.All you need to know about “FISHING” ROD MATERIALS: Fiberglass: Fiberglass rods have been popular since the 1950’s taking over the era of steel rods. resin and cross-scrim construction (overlapping layers to achieve exceptional strength and action) are more important than the modulus count or rating. walking top water lures or a cadence retrieve on gliders and jerkbaits. they're extremely light. but is noted for it’s toughness and soft/moderate action. being assured that the higher the IM ranking the higher the graphite quality of the rod. spinner baits and spoons for bass and pike Darseet Garasia Page 10 . graphite comes in what looks like sheets of cloth. If your shopping for a new rod don’t base your decision solely on the modulus rating. Fast action rods are the best choice when the fishing technique requires the sensitivity of feeling light biting fish or when fishing for large game fish in heavy cover and weeds where the key is to setting the hook fast with just a snap of the wrist moving the fish’s head up and away. fast action light rods are used for jigs. Rods with high graphite modulus ratings tend to be brittle and need to have a secondary chemical added on the blank to increase the strain/strength rate. in terms of performance and features fiberglass does lack the sensitivity of the newer rods today made from graphite and weighs more. This is called a composite blank. soft plastic worms or twitching minnow/shad shaped crank baits for bass and walleye. which is vital for light biting fish. The IM rated rods are not regulated by industry standards or an indication of quality but rather a trade name for particular graphite produced by the Hexcel Corporation. The other term that rod companies use to identify a blank style is IM with a following number such as IM6 or 7 and currently up to 10. along with reaction lures such as crank baits. along with being strong and powerful to handle larger game fish. For high performance rods the combination of fiber strength. In marketing graphite rods a few common terms have been developed to associate the quality of the rod. The moderate action rod is the most common choice due to the versatility of fishing applications.
Slow or Soft Action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. which will spring back even if they're bent flat unlike the stainless guide that will break. The double foot line guides are used when sensitivity is not required but strength is as they are wrapped twice on the rod blank. Some rods use line guides made of all stainless steel wire instead of inserts. HANDLE / REEL SEATS: The combination of a quality rod handle and reel seat are as important as the rod blank itself. medium heavy. the higher amount of guides the better. As a example the power rating is listed on the rod. Composite cork is made by combining a mixture of cork particles and resin. and transmits rod vibrations even when wet better than synthetic materials using EVA foam.All you need to know about “FISHING” where the slower action will not pull the lure out of the fish’s mouth. Graphite is lighter and more sensitive. this combination is more durable than using straight cork. and are also popular for drift fishing spawn sac’s on trout and salmon streams. pike. ROD LINE GUIDES: These are the circular loops affixed to the rod and run the length of the rod blank. power ratings are usually described as heavy. the higher the rod price the better quality of cork used. single and double foot. Less friction means longer casts and less heat. Alconite. and when fighting a fish the energy/ stress on the rod is dispersed though out the entire rod blank. but they are not as smooth as rods using inserts. as they ensure distance on the cast. Quite often anglers get confused with rod power ratings and action. The rod’s power rating is closely related to the suggested line strength. the flex of the rod is considered the action. these guides are lighter reducing the overall rod weight. These are found on heavy to extra heavy power rods used for larger game fish. this allows the use of very light line. Another factor to consider is the fishing presentation. this offers a smooth surface for the line to pass over. The technology of rod guide designs has improved dramatically over the years from the old metal guides and the classic agate inserts of earlier rods. these are used for mainly ultra light to medium power rods. Cork is the preferred choice on rod handles as it is lightweight. muskie. It is important to follow the line test guideline limits printed on the rod since a heavy power rod will snap light lines too easily and heavy lines can snap a light rod. Silicon Carbide or Hardloy. The overall purpose of the rod line guides manufactured today is to provide less friction along with reducing the line fray and wear in the guides during the cast. and heat definitely doesn’t help when it comes to fishing lines. The total amount of line guides on a rod are a important feature as well. Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish. These rods are used for panfish especially for the paper thin mouths on crappies so the hook is not ripped clear on hooksets. The rod handle is also referred to as "grips" and are located below and above the reel seat. light. The reel seat is where the reel is attached to the rod and constructed of graphite and aluminum or both. The concept is simple. Another alternative is cork tape to achieve the look of cork. Single foot guides adds less weight on the rod and help retain sensitivity. POWER: A rod’s power describes how much a rod will flex under a load also referred as a rod’s "backbone". The thickness and type of rod material will determine this. Most of the new guides today are made of two parts: a metal frame (stainless) attached to the rod blank and some form of a insert (inner ring) using Ceramic. and bass in weeds and cover will require a strong power rod using heavier line. There are varying grades of cork based on the rod’s cost. The newest line guide introduced is made from titanium wire. Darseet Garasia Page 11 . Depending of the rod power rating line guides are available in two different styles. Some reel seats offer a cutout that allows direct finger contact on the rod blank for greater sensitivity. on open water where hard to see light line is used for walleyes and crappies use a lighter power rod. while aluminum is stronger. keeping the line from touching the rod. etc… some rod companies use a numerical system 1-10 with 1=Ultra Light-10= Extra Heavy. medium. durable.
In choosing the best line for the type of fish being targeted one must consider many factors. polyethylene. wire. Here is a breakdown of each fishing line by type: Monofilament: In 1935 nylon was discovered by DuPont. dyneema. Wire line used on copper and stainless steel are also braided forming stranded lines Thermally fused lines are made of dyneema/spectra that is twined or clustered together to form a single line. knot strength. uniform quality and thinner diameter) which increased the popularity with the fishing community. Modern day fishing lines are made entirely from artificial materials including nylon. diameter and abrasion resistance. dacron. spectra. Braided line is made by braiding or weaving man-made materials such as fibers of dacron. flexibility. and lead. made public in 1938 as a new invention. visibility.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Line & Leaders Fishing line is by far the utmost important fishing equipment component for anglers. polyvinyl chloride. upon hooking a fish and landing the fish is the key to a successful catch. breaking strength. Using the proper line in presenting lures or live bait. this created a group of synthetic super polymers that are commonly used in textile manufacturing today. No brand of line is perfect for all fishing conditions. dyneema. Today monofilament is the most commonly used fishing line accounting most of the line sold today. spectra. Over the next two decades improvements where made (added flexibility. the size and species of fish along with the type of fishing presentation and the most important matching the line to the tackle (rod-reel-lure-bait) used. as the line is the direct connection between the fisherman and the fish. It Darseet Garasia Page 12 . melting and mixing of polymers which is formed into a strand through a die forming monofilament. fluorocarbon or copolymer fishing line. The manufacturing of fishing lines vary from using a extrusion process. Yet many anglers are not aware about the new types of lines available today each with it’s own special use and qualities including stretch. In 1939 DuPont began making nylon monofilament fishing line that was primitive by today’s standards (stiff and heavy) as braided line was considered still the popular choice by anglers. Understanding each of the line types and when to use them will increase one’s fishing success.
which will enable lures to dive deeper and faster than monofilament fishing lines. When this occurs in casting it will come off the reel in loops or coils. meaning it is heavier than water and sinks. Non-absorbing. because fluorocarbon does not absorb water. All monofilament have a memory. With all of the options monofilament offers there are some line maintenance to follow. Finally in buying monofilament line stay with the known recognized brands than the cheap off brands bulk spools. A density of 1. It caught on when anglers reported catching more fish with it. Walleye and bass anglers use colored mono line when fishing jigs and soft plastic’s to detect strikes by watching the line.6. Now. and willingly spend more money to do so. The Japanese fish under heavy pressured conditions and make every attempt to make their presentations as real and lifelike as possible. Ultimately. baitcasting and spincast reels. a common element that is chemically bonded with carbon. battery acid or DEET (common ingredient found in insect repellents). as it is available in a selection of colors: red. Abrasion resistant against rocks. stiffness and abrasion resistant qualities. it will not weaken or increase in stretch like monofilament fishing lines Darseet Garasia Page 13 . as the cheaper brands don’t receive the quality control. to create a polymer that can be formed by molding. so it resists deterioration by the sun and most chemicals found on fishing boats such as. another common element. proper additives and attention during the manufacturing process as the premium grade lines receive. blue.S. which means if the line is stored on a reel for a extended amount of time it will form to the shape around the reel spool. However. Monofilament is best used on shallower water presentations than deepwater fishing due to it’s high stretch and water absorption factors resulting in loose knots and lack of sensitivity. on clearer water clear or green is preferred. Fluorocarbon is a polymer consisting of fluorine. logs etc. for the same reason the Japanese were using it – low visibility. It is also almost invisible underwater with a light refractive index of 1. Fluorocarbon: Fluorocarbon fishing leaders originated in Japan. extrusion or other heat processes thus the name fluorocarbon. yellow. clear and fluorescent along with degrees of flexibility. docks. The other is the combination of sun or heat. green. if the line has developed a chalky type film it is time to be replaced. For casting lures around cover and rocky area’s abrasion resistant lower stretch clear line is recommended. They pride themselves on their ability to do this.All you need to know about “FISHING” offers the angler versatility.42 the same as water. anglers began using fluorocarbon leaders. the light passes through the line not reflecting back. application of fishing line technologies has produced more flexible fluorocarbon at affordable prices. conversely live bait fisherman like thin flexible translucent mono for a natural presentation. gasoline. leaders are stiff and very expensive. It can be spooled on spinning. where the Japanese are extremely detailed about the presentation of their bait. It is inert. on discolored water they favor fluorescent. U. storing your rod & reel outfit in a garage / shed over the hot summer months or leaving it outside exposed to the heat sun will deteriorate the line making it weak and brittle. primarily in saltwater and fly fishing applications.
in casting artificial lures they dive deeper and faster with longer casts due to the thin diameter. Copolymer: In the mid 1980’s copolymer fishing line was introduced. The common factor of all of the new super braids today is to provide the angler with the smallest diameter (ultrathin -microdiameter) with the highest break strength. It also has no memory so it won’t come off your reel in coils and it doesn’t weaken from direct sunlight. washed and hung up to dry in order to prevent dry rot. Braided: During the industrial period from the early 1900’s modern machinery was developed to manufacture braided fishing lines. then Dacron a polymer fiber know as polyester.Multifilament" ( by combining multiple fibers together during the process of braiding) the new synthetic fibers are thread like thin. lead core trolling lines and for ice fishing tip up lines. the other option is using monofilament as a line backing spooled on the reel arbor first and tied using a uni-knot to the super braid also applying tension upon spooling. In the early 1990s fishing line companies began adding new man made fibers to their braiding process such as Dyneema. high tensile strength. Catfish and Saltwater anglers. Over the years new formulas have been added notably the addition of fluorocarbon which adds invisibility stealth factor to the line. The benefits of the super braids are numerous. along with the high break strength it is the primary line used by fisherman targeting big fish such as Muskie.All you need to know about “FISHING” Stretch resistance – fluorocarbon stretches slower and less than monofilament. The outcome of this resulted in a material that has additional benefits than monofilament. have a lower stretch factor. pliable but yet abrasion resistant and have little stretch. is a combination of two or more nylon monomers to create a copolymer during the extrusion. The process called copolymerization. this was considered the first commercial fishing line made in quantity. very strong. The invention of braided fishing line was also instrumental in the development as a coated or wrapped component of specialty fishing lines such as fly lines. and Spectra this created a new category of braided lines referred as " Super Braids . very abrasion resistant. Braided lines are extremely strong. higher impact and greater shock resistance. (The lb test of mono should match the diameter of the super braid for uniformity and tying) Using a line backing conserves line usage as well as filling the spool. Copolymer fishing line features are smaller line diameters. Over the wars years two new synthetic fibers were developed and employed as fishing line. Use the lb/yards amount listed on your reel as Darseet Garasia Page 14 . abrasion resistant. wrap a piece of electrical tape over the line and complete the spooling with tension applied. Fluorocarbon offer’s the best advantage in clear water situations where fish are heavily pressured or slow to bite in finesse situations. take in to account that super braids have small line diameters and the line filling amounts listed on the reel are based on monofilament diameters. If you choose to spool your reel entirely with a super braid tie the line on the reel arbor. low stretch and absorbs less water allowing greater sensitivity even when wet unlike monofilament. first Rayon considered at that time a artificial silk. In spooling super braids on reels you have two options to prevent line slipping. particularly when compared to wet mono making it much more sensitive The popularity of fluorocarbon line used by anglers today is evident by the features listed above. Pike. after a day of fishing silk lines had to be unspooled off the reel. with the low stretch it telegraphs strikes instantly to the rod tip for a immediate hook set. Silk was the common used material with many maintenance issues. Dacron braided line is still made today but with the advancements of monofilament along with the introduction of the new hybrid lines it has decreased in popularity by anglers and now primarily used for deep water trolling along with backing on fly reels. better casting and less backlashes. Stripers.
for instance if a 50lb super braid has the diameter equivalent of 12lb mono and the line capacity on the reel is 175 yds/12lb with the filler spool at 150 yards you will need to add approximately 20 yards of mono backing. Fly Line Maintenance: Fly lines do have a life span. Double Taper Shooting Taper and Level. always test each knot by giving a good hard pull. Be sure to replace leaders and tippets as they show any wear or abrasion. Line performance. Since the line backing (Dacron) and the fly line (plastic) are different materials the Albright Knot will slide easily through the line guides. Almost all fly lines are made in such a way so they have a taper that helps the casting process and presenting the fly lure for the angler. this will reduce the chance of knot failure. The next step is the main fly line this is connected to the backing using a Albright Knot. Here’s a few tips and pointers to extend the life of your fly line. Innovative fishing line companies realized this and introduced a new manufacturing process called fusion. this is secured to the reel spool by using a Arbor Knot. In order to spool a fly reel properly there are a set of steps to follow along with a knowledge of basic fishing knots. the core determines the line strength. The end results are a high performance line. Finally the fly lure is attached to the tippet using a Improved Clinch Knot. keeping the line slick and floating. As most fly lines today are under a 100 yards this will ensure a adequate reserve in case of a run by large game fish as well as filling the spool to the proper capacity. Imbedded in the outer core will determine the classification of floating or sinking line. As you assemble the fly line set-up make sure you moisten all the knots when drawing them tight slowly. even with all of the new fly line technology prevalent today. From casting the fly line will pick up suspended particulate in the water such as algae and dirt from stripping the line when your fishing from the shore. First the fly line backing (The fly reel instructions will provide the suggested amount of backing) which is usually composed of braided Dacron using 20-30lb test. however. Fused: With the popularity of the new super braids incorporating the many features that Dyneema and Spectra micro fibers achieve: ultra thin diameter. very sensitive with good abrasion resistance. Cleaning your fly line: All leading fly line manufacturers build a lubricant inside of the outer coating. With out proper care and maintenance a fly line (dependent on use) will only last one season or less. sinking line has impregnated density micro particles such as powdered tungsten to weigh the line for a controlled sink rate. Fly line tapers have four major categories: Weight Forward . The final steps are attaching the leader (typically tapered) of monofilament or fluorocarbon using a nail knot which provides a clean and straight connection from the fly line. Being that the leader and the tippet are two similar diameters a Double Surgeons knot is suitable. often of PVC polyvinyl chloride. As with all fishing lines the proper amount to fill a reel spool is within 1/8 of a inch from the top of the spool rim. Fly Line: Today’s fly lines consist of two components the inner core and outer coating. The inner core is made from a braid or monofilament line. it slowly releases the lubricant.All you need to know about “FISHING” a guide for spooling the super braid. Darseet Garasia Page 15 . The outer coating is wrapped around the core in a thick water proof sheath. Floating line has encased micro bubbles allowing the line to float. Of the four. Fused line are multiple layers of microfilament gel spun polyethylene fibers fused/twined together to produce a single strand of line. two are the most popular Weight Forward and Double Tapered. ultra thin. depends on the condition of the coating. low stretch and high tensile strength. stretch and stiffness. The coating is slightly porous. superior strength. and next is the tippet the section of monofilament between your fly and leader.
Never cast without a leader. For instance if you intend to fish mainly for sunfish on ponds or small streams for trout a five or six weight line and rod would be the choice if you target pike and bass using larger fly lures or streamers you should consider a eight or nine weight rod. This allowed Salmon. by wiping down the amount of line you use on a cast.( Note: When tying backing or a leader to lead core remove the inner wire) This entire line set-up is referred as "segmented" which when properly used places the weighted line and lure at the feeding depth of fish. The amount of weighted trolling line spooled on your reel is totally dependent on the species of fish you are targeting by the depth required. Always keep your fly line away from direct contact with insect repellants (Deet) suntan lotions. Recently a new environmentally safe non lead line was introduced using a metal alloy wire in lieu of lead. Fortunately fly fishing tackle manufactures have adapted a universal numerical measurement scale to classify fly line weight to the specific rod and type of fly fishing. Fly Line Selections: For the beginning fly fishing angler there are a multitude line choices available today which can be confusing to say the least. the inner wire made of soft pliable lead and the outer sheath of nylon braid which is color coated every ten yards for metering purposes referred as the term colors. In storing your fly line on your reel if it develops line memory and comes off in coils simply remove the line and slowly give it a stretch. as a example Great Lakes walleye anglers may use 30 yards of weighted line or three colors were as a salmon angler may spool the entire 200 yards or twenty colors. too light of line will inhibit the rod to load and will not be able to flex in the casting process causing short non controlled cast. The approximate rule dependent on the lb test is every two yards of weighted line will sink one foot. The scale ranges from 1-14 with 1 the lightest to 14 the heaviest. Steelhead and Walleye anglers the ability to use light weight shallow running lures such as spoons. avoid stepping on the stripped line and always check your reel for pinched line between the spool and the reel frame. Using the correct fly line matched to the rod is critical for proper fly casting. balsa and plastic minnow lures to reach depths were the fish are present. If your considering using this trolling technique your success would be best served if you research the fishery and species before purchasing the proper equipment. This can be remedied by cleaning your fly line with a clean damp cloth and some mild soap. the weight of line and the numerous different taper configurations. Trolling weighted (lead core) line is a technical presentation requiring a level of expertise and knowledge. it should revert back to perform perfectly. after the weighted line is spooled a monofilament/fluorocarbon leader is tied using a Uni-knot. Floating or sinking. fuel or excessive heat.All you need to know about “FISHING” This clogs the line pores preventing the lubricant from doing it's job as the line will not float as well or slide through the rod guides easily. not the lure size determines the rated fly rod and reel set-up. The most popular line backing used today is the super braids which is tied to the weighted line using a Albright knot. the line capacity is based on the species ( smaller for walleyes larger for salmon). Lake Trout. Lead Core is constructed of two components. Weighted trolling lines are available in 100 . The only reel type to be used for weighted trolling line is a conventional level wind trolling reel. Lead Core (Weighted Trolling Line) Lead Core line came on to the fishing scene during the 1970’s as weighted trolling line. if you use too heavy of line this will cause "overloading" causing the leader to turn over and bounce back to the angler. Darseet Garasia Page 16 . The fly line. In spooling the reel a line backing should always be used this also helps to fill the reel to the proper line amount. and any type chemicals or solvents.200 yard spools ranging from 12lb to 45 lb test ratings. With this information any good fly fishing pro shop will be able to assist you in setting up your fly fishing outfit. Your best bet in the selection process of a fly rod outfit is first to research the fishing presentation and species you are fishing for most of the time and match the recommended set-up.
as fishing line becomes wet and dry over time it eventually breaks down and wears out. Stranded offers many versions made of stainless steel or copper. if you feel any nicks. in cable-laid wire. periodically check this by running your line between your fingers. wire line with the weight and the ultra low diameter cuts through the water easily getting deeper using less line. The advantages of using wire line are numerous when compared to other conventional lines such as braided or monofilament. such as seven strand wire. Copper seven strand is utilized as a alternative to lead core where as the weight of copper is double than lead core this achieves the same depth of lead core with only half the amount of line. underneath the tip up the reel is submerged in the water. three and seven strand wire some of these come with vinyl coatings used mainly as leader material. especially if you ask a friend to help you. go to a pro shop that specializes in wire line rods and reels. tip up’s are built from plastic or wood which lay on the ice. 49 strand. Tip-Up Line: (Backing) Tip Up’s are a fishing tool used for ice fishing. Getting set-up with a wire line outfit requires all special equipment. One of most popular wire line for freshwater fishing is the seven stranded six wrapped or braided around one. monofilament or fluorocarbon. Line Maintenance / Spooling your reel: Line replacement is highly important yet often neglected. other fisherman that spend a lot of time on the water replace line weekly or monthly. line scraping across rocks. rods require hardened line guides that wire won't cut along with a roller tip or all line guides using rollers. Also with the heavier lb test it is easier to handle in cold weather and are less prone to tangle on the ice. solid and stranded. some are environmental such as exposed to sunlight and heat for a extended amount of time other's are physical. then attach various different types of leader materials. this is commonly overlooked as some angler's feel the existing line on the reel is sufficient. Fishing wire with the proper knowledge and set-up will add another dimension to your arsenal increasing your catch rate. Solid wire know as Monel is a metal nickel copper alloy which will go deeper than stranded based on the ultra thin line diameter and weight. As a general rule fishing line should be at least respooled annually. Wire lines come in a variety of choices. All fishing line needs to be replaced at one point. docks or other lake structure. The line backing on tip ups are waterproofed by either coating a braid using Teflon or plastic vinyl wrapped over a braid. One of the most common problems in using wire starts with correctly spooling the backing and wire on the reel to the proper level. We highly recommend if you're looking to use wire as a trolling outfit. reels are trolling level wind with a metal or stainless steel spool to accommodate wire line. In writing this we can attest to the numerous times trophy fish where lost due to line breakage. in asking when the line was changed the response was similar "never" or "years ago". Filling A Revolving-Spool Reel: Baitcasting and trolling reels are the easiest to spool up. frays or twists remove that section of line and retie. logs. For practical purposes most line wear occurs in the first few feet from your lure or bait. The purpose behind the waterproof backing is not to let the line to freeze on the reel. Depending on the amount of fishing you do will determine line changing frequency. upon a strike allowing a fish to run with the bait (free spool) until the angler set’s the hook. Line degradation is caused by numerous different effects. coated wire. On the reel most ice fishing anglers use a line backing of 20lb to 40lb test to fill the spool. it also has very low line stretch thus telegraphing fish strikes as they happen.All you need to know about “FISHING” Wire: Wire is another trolling line option especially if your fishing presentation requires to go very deep. Just Darseet Garasia Page 17 . tournament anglers and pro guides replace line daily.
Lay spool of new line of floor so line comes off spool just like it goes on reel spool 5. coated or uncoated. If this is a new reel or if you wish to completely place new line on the spool your reel use an arbor knot to tie your line onto the spool. Darseet Garasia Page 18 . Reel line onto reel slowly. Pull old line off reel through line guides until you have enough room on spool for new line. you should use this method to prevent putting a twist in the line. After about 12 turns allow some slack between the supply spool of line and your rod to be sure you are not getting line twist. Hold line tight with hand not turning reel handle just above reel 6. seven strand wire. 1)Insert a pencil into the supply spool to allow the fishing line to feed smoothly off the spool. Some are ready to tie onto your mainline and clip on a lure and start fishing. Don't overfill. so remove the reel cover partway every now and then to make sure you do not overfill the enclosed spool. except remember to thread the line through the hole in the front of the reel. If the line is twisting flip the supply spool over. Leaders are made of a variety of materials today such as: single strand wire. They are also availible in various lengths and sizes as well. Tie new line to end of old line with a blood knot or a uni-knot 4. Yes. 2) Fill the reel within 1/4-inch of the outer rim of the revolving spool. Your helper should maintain slight inward pressure on the supply spool to prevent it from overrunning. You must use the right application for the right type of fishing you will be doing. and to keep proper tension on the line. making sure it is spooled firmly 7. and fluorocarbon. It is what connects you and your equipment to the lure and hopefully with some luck. Leaders: Using a proper leader can be the difference between a successful fishing trip and one that ends up so to speak in the tank. Check this periodically because spinning reels automatically put twist in your line. Have someone hold each end of the pencil while you turn the reel handle. 3. Leaders are often one of the most overlooked pieces of equipment that we use. Filling A Spinning Reel: Because the spool of a spinning reel does not rotate. If your leaving existing line always leave some line from spool through rod guides and past end of rod to tie new line to. they are that important. 2. titanium. consistent tension on the line at all times (by gently pinching the line between your thumb and forefinger) to avoid loose wraps that might cause tangling later.All you need to know about “FISHING” remember to maintain a moderate. your catch. where other applications may require you to tie it onto your mainline or attach or tie your own lure on. 1. hard monofilament. stainless steel wire. Filling a Closed-Faced Spin-Cast Reel Fill a closed-faced spin-cast reel the same way you would a spinning reel. Spin-cast reels do not hold very much line. Leaders are the segment of material attached between the fishing line and the lure or bait.
Take a look at the swivels. make sure they move freely and that they apear to be large enough or small enough to handle the task at hand. If there is too much to choose from and you simply cannot figure it out ask a store employee for a hand and they can help you make the right selection. Same care to be given when choosing a proper snap. Most tackle shops will carry a variety of leaders to choose from. consider the hardware that is on the leader. This pretty much boils down to personal preferance.All you need to know about “FISHING” Obviously you dont want to use a large musky leader to go walleye fishing nor do you want to bring a small walleye or pike leader to use when you are after trophy musky. Once you determine what pound test you are going to go with. so you must give just as important care in choosing the correct leader for the job at hand as you would determining which lure to use. It might make the difference between a smiling photo or going home disapointed. take a few extra minutes to do an inspection of what you are purchasing. The last thing you want is for it to come open on that trophy fish of a lifetime. Darseet Garasia Page 19 . some are crimped. A rule of thumb to go by is to always remember the lighter leader you use the higher your risk of being bit off or having leader failure can be. Not to say using a light leader is wrong. some are both. Some leaders are tied. however just understand that you may have to be willing to accept the consequences. and in time you will figure out what you are most comfortable using. Your leader can be the strongest or the weakest link in your set up. Consider the size lure you will be using and make sure the snap doesnt open and close too easily. So the next time you are ready to go fishing and need to run into your local sporting goods supply to just grab some leaders. Always be sure to consider what the weight limit or pound test is on the leader you may be using.
The ability to tie a correct knot will save you from losing lures. By leaving a little tag is good insurance that your knot is tied correctly. When tying a knot give it a smooth strong pull to complete it on your lure. all knots will weaken with use.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Knots Your fishing line is only as strong as the knot used to tie it. hook or leader. Always retie your knot before a new trip and check your knot frequently when fishing. Always leave a little extra line before clipping the tag end after completing your knot some knots slip slightly. Over time all knots start to weaken in some degree. Arbor Knot Improved Clinch Knot Spider Hitch Palomar Knot Dropper Loop Knot Albright Knot Float Stop Knot Surgeon's Knot Uni-to-Uni Knot Snell Knot Nail Knot Trilene Knot Blood Knot Darseet Garasia Page 20 . Don’t be timid about testing it with a couple good pulls. Better to know your knot is tied correctly than losing a big fish. bait as well as a fish. This reduces the heat from friction that causes slight abrasions when you pull it tight. Listed below are good choices to learn and a few tips: Always moisten the knot before snugging it up.
then through the big loop. The tag end is then tied in an overhand knot around the running line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Arbor Knot What it does: Its primary use is to attach fishing line to the arbor/spool of a fishing reel. Darseet Garasia Page 21 . Slide tight against the eye and clip the end. the overhand knot in the tag end jams against the overhand knot tied around the running line Improved Clinch Knot What It Does: Ties a medium. an overhand knot is tied in the tag end. Pass the line through the eye of hook. there's no reason to tie a regular clinch knot on anything but the lightest line. How to Tie It: 1. 2. thread end of line through the first loop above the eye. 2. it's much less likely to break when you've got a bigger fish on the line.to heavy-weight line to a lure. swivel or lure. In fact. swivel. given that it only takes a few seconds more to tie an Improved Clinch knot. Why is it useful: It secures the fishing line on your reel arbor/spool How to tie it: 1. Hold the tag end and standing line while coils are pulled up. Holding the coils in place. Why It's Useful: Compared to a regular clinch knot. An arbor knot is tied by first passing the line around the reel arbor. When tightened. 3. 3. or hook. Double back and wrap the end 5 times around the standing line. making sure the coils do not overlap each other. Finally.
Darseet Garasia Page 22 . 3. then form a loop. Again. Pull the loop slowly and steadily so thewound sectionslides naturally off the thumb.All you need to know about “FISHING” Spider Hitch What It Does: Doubles a line for added strength. taking care not to let go. Then pull on both ends to tighten knot. Why It's Useful: Almost as strong (retaining over 80% of line strength) and much faster & easier than a Bimini Twist. 2. The one downside is that the knot could cut the line if not tightened perfectly. Double the line. Wrap the doubled end 5 times around your thumb and the loop. holding it between your thumb and forefinger. the knot must be perfectly tightened (no overlapping coils!) or it will cut itself. Pass the end through the loop. How To Tie It: 1. 4.
relatively simple to tie. Pull both lines and both endstogether until theknot becomes tight. How to Tie It: 1. and less likely than most knots to damage the thinner of the two lines. 3. with 6" to 8" of overlap. Clip closely to avoid getting caught in guides. Darseet Garasia Page 23 . as if they were a single piece of line. Tie both lines in an overhand knot.All you need to know about “FISHING” Surgeon's Knot What It Does: Securely ties together a line and a leader of very different diameters. 2. 4. parallel to each other. wrap both the tag end of line and leader around the loop again. Why it's Useful: Strong. Without closing the loop. and pull the entire leader through the loop. Align the line and leader end-to-end.
swivel or lure. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook. Double four inches of line into a loop and pass it through the eye of your hook. tighten the knot. Clip off the tag end. 5. 2 & 3.All you need to know about “FISHING” Palomar Knot What It Does: Attaches a hook or other terminal tackle to your line. Darseet Garasia Page 24 . and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. the Palomar is also fairly easy to tie. 4. Allow the hook to dangle. being careful NOT to twist the lines or tighten the knot. How to Tie It: 1. Why It's Useful: Among the strongest knots for its purpose.Pulling at both ends of the line.
Darseet Garasia Page 25 . lure. 4. Wrap one end through the loop. Where each end meets the loop.without letting the twists unravel . or fly to a line. How to Tie It: 1. make3 to 5 twists as shown then . 3.just be sure it doesn't come out) pull on both ends of the line to bring the wraps together. Make a circular loop in the line.pull the loopthrough the hole between the two sets of twists. 2. Why It's Useful: Used to attach a second leader.While holding the dropper loop in place (do not pull on the loop .All you need to know about “FISHING” Dropper Loop Knot What It Does: Creates a loop in a line while maintaining most of the line's strength.
then pull as tight as possible onboth strands of the heavy line with your left hand and both strands of the light line with your right hand. Pull the standingend of the lighter line to remove the loop you were holding between your leftthumb and index finger. Why It's Useful: Creates a much smaller and smoother connection than a Surgeon's Knot without sacrificing strenght. Start by doubling back a couple of inches ofthe heavierline and hold the loop with your left thumb and forefinger. Runabout 10 inches of thethinner line through theloop. wrapping it fairly tightly 8 to 12 times. so both strands of the lighter lineexit on the same side of the loop.The Albright is far less likely to get caught in guides than a Surgeon's Knot. Start next to your fingers and working toward the loop. and use your right hand to wrap the tag end of thelighter line back over both strands of the heavier line as well as the lighter line itself. 3. Pull gently on both ends of the heavier. while sliding the knot back towards the loop with your right (but not all the way off). You now have a loop to which you may attach a bait. Pull both ends of the lighter line. Darseet Garasia Page 26 .While holding the loop.Push the tag end of thelighter linethrough the loop on the opposite side from where it originally ran it through the loop. pinch thethinner linebetween your left thumb and forefinger (without letting go of the loop). 5. it's also considerably more difficult to tie.loopedline with your left hand. How to Tie It: 1. 6. 4. or leader using another kind of knot. That said. 2.All you need to know about “FISHING” 5. fly. Moisten the knot. Clip off the tag end of the fly line and the backing. Albright Knot What It Does: Joins two lines (line & leader) of vastly different diameters.
Use about 5 inches of nylon.essential for controlling your presentation when float fishing. Darseet Garasia Page 27 .Pull ends to tighten.If usingsoft monofilament. This can beprevented (or at least slowed down) by using a loop for your free end on the braided line and otherwise tying the knot as described below. Uni-to-Uni Knot What it does: Ties two lines together.Uni-knots also provide an unbeatable100 % knot strength in most cases. the Uni-knot and variants like the Uni-to-Uni knot can be used for everything from tying hooks to light line. 2.Take either end of the line being knotted and wrap them twice around each other. or else a braided line to a monofilament leader. as if you're tying a Suregon's Knot. Why it's useful: Highly versatile. How to Tie It: 1. Wrap the line to be knotted 2 or 3 times around the line with the float. Why it's Useful: Prevents a float from running up a line . to joining linesof vastly differenttest strength (up to 10x different in some cases). of the same diameter as the line the float is on. 3. just be aware that a braided line could potentially cut the leader.All you need to know about “FISHING” Float Stop Knot What it Does: Creates a barrier to stop a float from sliding past a certain point on a line.
Overlap the two linesby roughly 6". form aloop and pinch it between your thumb and forefinger. 2. 3. then trim if necessary. 4.All you need to know about “FISHING” How to Tie It: 1.With one end. 5. Pull both ends to get the knots tighter. withaninch or two sticking out past your fingers. passing through the large loop on the finalpass.Wrap the end six times aroundboth lines. Darseet Garasia Page 28 . Pull the end to tighten the knot. Repeatsteps1-3 withthe end of the other line.
Pinch the hook and leader endtogether between your leftthumb and index finger right where it exits the eye. make a large loop. On the final wrap. How to Tie It: 1. How to Tie It: 1. and nail. then grip the short end with pliers and completely tighten the knot. then hold the loop down so that enough is sticking out to wrap several times around the leader and hook shank. Why it's useful: Strong. The nail knot is moderately complex. Pass one end of the leader throungh the eye of the hook so that it sticks outone or two inches past the eye. leader. you will need a tube of comparably narrow diameter to tie it (e. 2.g. towards the barb. Nail Knot What it does: Used to attach leader butt to fly line or to attach backing to fly line Why it's useful: The most popular knot for attaching leaders and leader but to fly line. reliable. Grasping the end near the barb and the end on the other side of the eyelet. Trim the end hanging towards the barb. low profile that allows it to slide easily through guides.Hold the nail/tube and the end of the fly line between the left thumb and forefinger ofyour lefthand (with roughly 2"of the fly line and the tube sticking out). Pinch the loop down with your left hand. and not recommended for big fish as it relies on the fly line's coating for strength. Though it doesn't necessarily require a nail. Just note that you can only use the Snell knot with a leader. Slide the loops up against the eye. the nail knot has a very smooth. a particularly thin ballpoint pen). Do it Darseet Garasia Page 29 . then wrap the leader 5 more times around the line. but few other knots give you this smooth a connection. Take the heavier end of your leader in yourright hand and form a 2" loop around the nail and fly line. 3. pass the end back through the looped leader. towards the barb. Wrap the end tightly around the leader and hook shank7 or 8times. so that it points towards the barb. and simple to tie.All you need to know about “FISHING” Snell Knot What it does: Connects a leader to a baited hook.. slowly pull the leader until it is almost tight.
then fully tighten the knot by pulling on the leader until it "bites" into the fly line. Pull gently on the tag end and the standing line to tighten.Holding the hook or lure in your left hand. 3. running alongside the nail.wrap the tag end around the standing line 6 times. Finally. check the wraps to be sure they're smooth. then double back through the eye a second time. moistening it with water while you do so to lubricate the line (allowingthe loopsto slide together more easily). Why it's useful: Easy to tie and very strong. Trilene Knot What it does: The Trilene Knot can be used to join line to swivels. Moisten. Then carefully remove the nail. the Trilene Knot resists slippage better than most simple knots. and the standing line in your right hand. How to tie it: 1. Darseet Garasia Page 30 . then pass the end through the loopcreated where you doubled back in step 1. 2. so that the loops butt up against each other. hooks and lures. and you're done. 3. Trim the ends. and be sure to leave 1/2 to 3/4" of the end sticking out. and you're done. 2.Grab all the loops with your left hand. Trim tag end to 1/8 inch. snaps. "seat" the knot with one hard pull on the fly line. then carefully slide the end of the leader back into the opening. Pull gently on both ends of the leader (don't pull the fly line!) to partially tighten the knot. Thread the line through the eye of the hook or lure.All you need to know about “FISHING” tightly.
2. Bring the end back through the opening between the two lines. then repeat with steps 1 and 2 with the other end of the same line. 3. Trim the ends.All you need to know about “FISHING” Blood Knot What it does: The blood knot is used for joining two lines of similar thicknesses. However. and there you have it� a blood knot. How to tie it: 1. Why it�s useful: An easy knot with a relatively low profile. then pull. be advised that a blood knot will reduce overall line strength by around 40%. Cross over the ends of the lines by 6-8 inches and twist one of the lines 5 times (or more) around the other. 4. Darseet Garasia Page 31 . Make sure the ends are pointing in opposite directions after you pass them through the opening. a blood knot can run smoothly through rod line guides. whereas other comparably strong knots might get stuck.
weight. Sharp hook points will catch more fish than dull hooks. use the smallest hook possible. Many quality hook manufactures offer a line of hooks that are made of higher grade steel and then dipped in a chemical bath which gives the hook a super sharp hook point. a sharp hook will leave a light scratch and digs in to your nail. minnow or leech will catch more fish. That way you can find the appropriate hook. bobber for most fishing situations. To test your hook simply draw the hook point across your fingernail. reduces the ability to detect fish strikes in their fishing presentation. Always test your hook for sharpness. Hook Sizes When it comes to hook sizes it tends to be little confusing. When necessary touch up the hook point by using a hook file or sharpening stone. Carry your Terminal Tackle Get organized with a rig box with small compartments. and then take a couple of quick strokes to each side of the hook Don’t be misled that new hooks out of the box are always sharp especially the cheap hooks that are made of soft poor quality steel. Weights. using too large of a hook. heavier than needed weight with a oversized bobber presenting a unnatural look. Bobbers & Basic Rigging With all of the advancements made today in the fishing world with “new lifelike fancy expensive lures that flash and swim on their own” sometimes just a plain ol' hook. simply draw the hook sharpener against the point of your hook a few times (parallel to the shank) on the bottom. The best application is to select the lightest possible terminal tackle suitable for the condition and the species of fish. Bobbers (Floats) and Swivels. weight and bobber with a hunk of worm. How they are used and properly rigged for a successful set-up. Even high quality hooks will dull over time and use by hitting rocks and debris in the water. Another option is to use chemically sharpened hooks. The classification system ranges from 1 largest to 32 smallest. Sinkers. generally when a single number is used such as size 12 verses a size 8 the higher the number the smaller the hook. Small hooks also penetrate quicker than larger hooks upon the fish strike. To make it more Darseet Garasia Page 32 . These hooks can be expensive compared to conventional hooks. In this section we will review Terminal Tackle: Hooks. The bottom line is always use a sharp hook. A dull hook will skate across your nail with out digging in. There is no standard when it comes to classifying a hook size. One of the biggest mistakes made by the novice angler is over rigging. Fishing Hooks As a rule. Small hooks allows the live-bait presentation to look natural. but the advantage is a super sharp hook right out of the package.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing with Hooks.
such as night crawlers leeches and red worms.All you need to know about “FISHING” confusing hooks that are sized using a fraction type. and the gap .the distance between the shank and the point. The light wire limits excessive puncturing on minnows which helps them live longer on the hook. 1/0 is the smallest up to the largest hook at 19/0 The Anatomy of a Fish Hook The parts fish hook are referred as: It’s point. the eye . the bend and shank .the end of the hook that is connected to the fishing line or lure. perfect for Panfish. Popular Common Hook Types: Aberdeen Light wire long shank hook. that secures the fish from unhooking.that portion of the hook that connects the point and the eye.the sharp end that penetrates the fish's mouth or flesh.the projection extending backwards from the point. the long shank allows the angler easy removal of the hook from panfish that tends to swallow the bait. Darseet Garasia Page 33 . the additional barbs on the shank holds the bait more effectively. the barb . for example 5/0 ( pronounced five . Bait Holder The bait holder hook is one of the most popular live bait hook styles today. Crappie and light biting Walleyes under a slip bobber or attached bobber rig.aught) compared to a 1/0 the sizing system is reversed so the higher the number the larger the hook.
Egg Commonly called salmon egg hook. Sturgeon and Muskies anglers. just maintain tension and the fish will hook itself in the corner of the mouth as the fish moves away. A sharp pulling hook set is not required. Upon a fish swallowing your bait.All you need to know about “FISHING” Circle Circle hooks are a excellent choice for live bait catch and release anglers. Darseet Garasia Page 34 . worms and grubs for Salmon and Trout. The lip hook rate using a circle hook is about 95% it also reduces the mortality rate of fish to be released to fight another day. The Octopus is ideal for rigging cut bait for Catfish or Salmon. Octopus The extra gap and rounded shape of Octopus hooks are very popular and used for most species of fish. the inward bend of the hook point allows the hook to slide along the inside of the fish’s throat until it reaches the mouth. They are available in a assortment of painted or metallic colors. Rotating A special compound curve on the offset/rotating hook automatically turns when a fish bites on the bait. spawn sacs. designed with a turned up eye and offset bend. Very popular hook for Catfish. so the hook rides upward along with the placement of a barb on the shank which holds the bait. minnows for Bass. Pike and Walleyes and are good choice for building crawler harnesses. The salmon egg hook is used primarily for drift fishing along current by using natural or imitation salmon eggs.
Treble hooks today comes in a assortment of colors as well as feathers tied on as a trailer/teaser hook on lures. Darseet Garasia Page 35 . Offset/Worm Worm hooks are used for fishing soft plastic's lures. This allows the hook to be fished in weeds logs. The treble is mainly used on artificial lures and spoons attached by using a split ring. Used on Texas and Carolina Rigs. turn the hook straight and insert the hook point into the body. The offset/ rotating hook twists. adjust the eye so it is just inside the lure. Upon a fish striking the bait the wire compresses exposing the hook point.All you need to know about “FISHING” The sweeping rotational curve places the point in position for penetration from any angle. The front bend on a worm hook is used to lock lures such as worms and lizards from moving down the shank by simply inserting the hook point into the head of the lure down about a 1/4 inch. trees. Weedless The weedless hook has a light wire wrapped on the shank formed in a loop that covers the point of the hook. Bring the hook point out of the lure. Treble Treble hooks are a single eye of three hooks fused together with three shanks evenly spaced. rocks and lily pads. holds bait better and hooks fish better. stumps. and pull the shaft of the hook through until the eye is at the head.
No bass fishing arsenal is complete without knowledge and how to fish the Texas rig.3/16 .4/0 . If you don�t get a bite. Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 .1/2. Considered a finesse technique not a search bait such as inline spinner crank bait or spinner bait. Tie on the hook using a Palmor or a Improved Clinch Knot Optional: Plastic or Glass Bead between the weight and hook. The Texas rig is adaptable to all kinds of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush. In setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait.5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Soft Plastic Lures Worms /Lizards/Grubs/Crawfish How to Rig Thread the Bullet Sinker on the line making sure the nose of the sinker faces the rod tip. When casting or flipping try to let the rig enter the water with as little noise as possible and keep some controlled slack in the line. watch your line as well as many fish will strike the rig on the fall.3/4 -1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 Small Soft Plastic's 3/0 . To make the weight stationary peg the bullet with a piece of toothpick. What you need for a Texas Rig Assortment of Bullet Sinkers (Lead Brass or Steel) 1/8 . pushing hook completely through. Line: 10 lb to 14 lb testlow stretch monofilament. Darseet Garasia Page 36 . logs) as possible.1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 . Always keep little tension on the line because learning this technique is a lot about learning to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish. let the rig rest on the bottom and then begin to retrieve in a very slow. jerk pause motion. Insert the hook about 3/8" through the nose of the soft plastic bait. or use a screw in bullet weight. thumb bar line release medium line capacity.7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting. Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio.All you need to know about “FISHING” Texas Rig The Texas rig is adaptable to all types of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush. The presentation is placement as close to cover (weeds.
The nice thing is. Popular Common Sinkers / Weights Types: Split Shot Pinches easily onto your line where you want to set depth at. just pinch it on and off. The two types of sinkers are: attached on the line by pinching. this locks the soft plastic lure on the hook Insert the point of the hook back into the soft plastic making sure the bait hangs straight. Darseet Garasia Page 37 . This will help insure a good hook set. The same principle applies in using sinkers for your set-up use the lightest possible sinker in order to detect fish strikes. you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. Used for live bait and lures.All you need to know about “FISHING” Embed the offset portion on the upper shank of the hook into the nose of the soft plastic. until it reaches the bottom thus requiring patience to fish it correctly. Removes just as easy by pinching the other end. the split shot rig gently moves downward after a cast. The nice thing is. It is a good idea to push the hook through a couple of times to make a small hole or channel in the plastic. twisted on using rubber insert or tied directly to your line (Bottom Bouncers / Bead Chain Sinkers). using line 4-8lb test on a light to medium light spinning rod and reel set-up. This makes it weedless. Insert the point of the hook into the body of the bait. just pinch it on and off. Fishing with the split shot rig is considered a finesse technique by adding a split shot sinker in front of your live bait offering. Split Shot Rig This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. Carolina and the sliding sinker rig that are primarily fished on the bottom. The other is sliding: which allows the fishing line to slide or pass through the weight from a hole or a eyelet. This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. Fishing Weights (Sinkers) Fishing weights (sinkers) are made from two basic materials lead and steel. Unlike the other rigs mentioned Texas.
then add one or two split shot sinkers starting about 1 foot above the lure. This finesse technique is used for shallow water or clear water fish that have been seeing a lot of action. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. Avoid keeping the line too tight this will take away the natural presentation of the bait. The general consensus is position the split shot 18 inches above the hook. upon engaging the reel beginning the retrieve keep the bait moving on a semi-tight line leaving a little slack. make a easy sweep upward to set the hook and keep the pressure on the fish. it is excellent for open water covering vertical structure. Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Tip Add a split shot in front of a floating crankbait or a rigged soft plastic bait. it is also surprisingly good in light timber using a weedless hook and a light split shot where the weight isn�t heavy enough to pull it down into the branches. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. giving a pronounced action. As a finesse technique this will require the angler to keep alert while using this rig. Tie on your lure of choice. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. which gives the bait adequate freedom of movement. watch the line after the cast for any subtle changes or sideway movement a twitch means you have a bite. Rigging minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #4-#6-#8. Add split shot Darseet Garasia Page 38 . The closer the weight is to the bait the more precise your casting will be. Conversely by placing the split shot 3 feet or more up the line will minimize the action of the live bait. If the slack in the line tightens or you feel a slight tick you have a bite.All you need to know about “FISHING” There is no wrong way to fish this rig. How to Rig Tie a hook on the line using a Improved Clinch Knot. Tackle Suggestions Rod: 6-6 to 7-0 foot-Light to Medium Light/ Medium Action Spinning Reel: Light Spinning balanced with the rod Line" 4-8 lb test monofilament What you need for a split shot rig Weight/Sinkers All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. But by placing it closer to the bait like within a 12" or less the bait will react more like a jig. The split-shot rig is also effective around floating boat docks. where fish often hang under. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers. steep breaklines sloping banks and bluffs where fish suspend. The placement of the split shot is more versatile and adjustable than most anglers think. Different size shot change the lure's sink rate and you can vary retrieve speeds to produce an enticing "up and down" action. To add depth to your lure for trolling add a split shot or for increased depth add a rubber core sinker.
Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish in the current this allows the use of light line. Some fish are caught in this portion of the drift where the rig is bouncing. After a while. 8� to 10 foot drift rods are common. Suggested Tackle: The basic rod and reel set-up for fishing the stream rig is light for the sensitivity. Any bump. The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. set the hook. At this point the rig is moving slower than the dead drift portion of the drift and more fish are apt to see and strike the bait quartering than coming straight at them. The stream rig is very similar to the three way rig with the exception of the sinker dropper line which uses a series of split shots instead of a casting (bell) sinker. this is where the angler must pay close attention to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish.. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water. salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations. The basic presentation of the rig is relatively simple. This allow the angler not to lose the entire rig if hung up. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round Darseet Garasia Page 39 . but requires a very light touch and feel to detect what is the bottom and what is a fish. What you need for a stream rig Weight/Sinkers An assortment of split shots sizes 3/0-7-5 for light current 2-3-4 for faster current. If you're unsure . The rig is cast upstream in the current and allowed to sink to the bottom. soft action spinning rods with 4-8lb test line for drift fishing. slowly towards the angler as it moves downstream.. twitch or pulling sensation can be a fish. by applying pressure pulls the split shot off the dropper saving the hook and swivel. The key here is to have enough weight attached to let the rig to bounce along the current. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water. but most bites occur at the bottom end of the drift when it is quartering (The swing) back through the current towards the angler. many anglers prefer longer light. As the split shots on the rig and bait ticks along the bottom. salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations.All you need to know about “FISHING” Stream Rig The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. The long soft action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. Fishing the stream rig takes some finesse and can be difficult for the new angler to pick-up. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. you'll develop a 'sense' of what is bottom and what is a fish.
steelhead and salmon are octopus and egg styles size #6-#8 for salmon eggs. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. Used when heavier weight is required. Add the appropriate amount of split shots to the sinker dropper line. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. Three way swivel The three way swivel used should be of good quality and as small as possible size 8-6 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel. spawn sac�s and small minnows. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/30") and the split shots to the other at (6/10") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot. Darseet Garasia Page 40 . Add/tie the drop lines. Rubber Core Attach to line thorugh the slot in the sinker and twisting the inner rubber core around line to secure it. one at 6 to 10 inches and the other at 24 to 30 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel.All you need to know about “FISHING” case for a selection of sizes and weight or the individual packs . Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers and cut bait. Popular hooks for walleye.
A bite can be a subtle tug. Suggested Tackle : As a finesse rig the drop shot is best fished on light line and spinning outfits. It is especially good for suspended fish that requires vertical placement of the bait in front of active fish. when the line goes slack reel up until the line is tight with the weight on the bottom. a side way movement or just pressure on the line. The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community. The weights range from 1/8 to1/2 oz. The most Darseet Garasia Page 41 . walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. Rod: Light fast action 6'-6" to 7' foot Reels: Light Spinning balanced to the rod Line: 6-8 lb monofilament What you need for a Drop Shot Rig Weight/Sinkers Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights. The drop shot is a way of tying your hook up the line and putting the lead on the bottom. Drop Shot Rig The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community. cast or drop the rig straight down over the side of the boat. The weights range from 1/8oz to 1/2oz. round or rectangular of lead or tungstenthat come with a tie on clip on the top. Fishing the drop shot is simple. walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. you just want your bait to wiggle.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drop Shot Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights. round or rectangular of lead or tungsten and come with a tie on clip on the top. now shake the rod gently. Set the hook using a upward sweeping motion.
The Palomar Knot . Bottom bouncers are weighted L-shaped piece of heavy wire using live bait. As a reference you should print out a copy of our knot instructions as a guide. Just Click Here . Leaving one end connected to the rod and the other tag end to tie on the drop shot weight using a Improved Clinch Knot . crawler harness or floating spinner rigs attached to the non weighted arm via a snap swivel. Using a bottom bouncer is a search technique by covering a lot of water efficiently (trolling or drifting) in seeking active feeding fish especially walleyes that tend to related to bottom Darseet Garasia Page 42 . How to Rig The drop shot rig is a easy rig to tie as long as you become comfortable with the knot used for the hook. Another alternative is a casting sinker a bell shaped sinker with a tie on swivel molded on the top. Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Lures/Live bait Bait versatility is advantage of the drop shot rig. Live bait minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #6-#8. or open basins. tighten the knot. This is all attached to your rod.3/8 oz. Bottom Bouncer The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks.All you need to know about “FISHING” common weights used are 3/16 . To tie a drop shot rig determine how far off the bottom you want your bait to be 18 to 36 inches. and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks. The bottom bouncer can be as light a1/2 oz up 3 ounces. For rigging small soft plastic�s use a 1/0 or 2/0 offset worm hook. if there is cover in the area you can rig it Texas style making it weedless (See Texas Rig above) Live Bait hook the minnow through it�s mouth. Allow the hook to dangle. logs. Be sure the hook rides horizontally from the line. by tying the line to the eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer. over mud/sand flats. In rigging small soft plastic�s if you're fishing open water run the hook thru it�s nose with the hook exposed. or open basins. Hooks There are many specialized drop shot hooks on the market. over mud/sand flats. being careful not to twist the lines or tighten the knot. make a loop at that length and pass the line through the hook eye from the point side. A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. but any small hooks will work. We recommend first time users to practice tying this rig at home before heading out on the water. leeches through its sucker. A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook Pulling at both ends of the line. logs.
Bait Walker The Bait Walker is a trade name for a similar rig only smaller in overall size. engage the reel to tighten line as close to a 45 degree angle from the boat. Another feature is the selection of weight options 1/4 oz up to 10 ounces allowing the angler the versatility to use the lightest presentation. floating crank baits. the angler casts or releases the line allowing the rig to sink to the bottom. or chartreuse for darker water.to 1-ounce for under 15 feet. The weight is located on the bottom tip of the lower arm than in the middle on a bottom bouncer. For live bait there are prerigged: live bait snells. Suggested Tackle: Rods 6�-6" to 7"-0" Medium-Power Medium action casting rod with a long handle for rod holder placement. Fishing a bottom bouncer. yellow. Line: 10-14 pound test low stretch monofilament. nickel. Weight selection depends on a combination of depth and speed. use hot orange.All you need to know about “FISHING” structure. small floating crank baits and flutter spoons for walleye and bass down to reaching the depths for lake trout. the key to a proper presentation is using the correct weight. 1 1/2. Recommended Bottom Bouncer Weights: 1/2.to 40-foot depths. Typically the blade sizes and types on pre rigged worm harnesses and minnow rigs are Indiana and Colorado blades sizes #3-#4-#5. these all attach to the bottom bouncer snap from a pre tied loop on the end of the leader. Hooks/Rigs/Lures With the hundreds of rigging options that the bottom bouncer offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter. Colors/Blades The same basic fish attracting principles applies when it comes to color selection on blades or lures. or neutral colors for conditions in between. twitch or pressure on the line) lean the rod tip forward slightly and use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish in setting the hook this helps eliminating any slack line ensuring a good hookset. silver. floating snells. Artificial lures are all so used with good success. and copper. rounded and has a concave flat top which makes the bait walker feel like a keel sinker providing little resistance as it rides across the bottom. gold. or non-fluorescent colors for clear water. bladed worm harnesses and minnow rigs sold in shops that vary in leader lengths from 12 to 30 inches. (use shallow to mid range running lures) or light weight trolling (flutter) spoons are also popular. The Indiana spins tighter to the rig than the Colorado Darseet Garasia Page 43 . Reels: Medium-capacity baitcasting reel. excellent for trolling in preventing line twist. When you feel a bite ( a subtle tap. control and feel. by having the 45 angle provides enough distance for the bouncer to work correctly and gives it enough distance from the boat not to spook the fish.to 3-ounces for 30. 2 1/2. this guarantees frequent bottom contact. You do not want the line to be vertical. The weight design is tapered. What you need for a bottom bouncer Weight Sizes Most all fishing shops and large discount stores sells bottom bouncers.to 2-ounces for 15 to 20 feet.
fishing a bottom bouncer presents numerous bait rigging questions: Type of live bait (minnow. spoons . colors. artificial lures. conversely a broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the rig producing a lift. As you can see.All you need to know about “FISHING” producing less of a thump. rig blade color and type. and length of leader. greater thump and more vibration. Attach the appropriate rig to the top arm snap swivel. Bead Chain / Trolling Great for trolling lighter lures with out having to use lead core line or downriggers Darseet Garasia Page 44 . How to Rig Tie the bottom bouncer on the center eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer using a Improved Clinch Knot. night crawler or leech). You would be best served before heading out to do a little research with the local sport shop or local fishing guides in finding out the correct bait rigging set-up for the waters you�re fishing.straight or jointed crankbaits.
lizards or on Carolina rigs. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. The Carolina rig is basically a modified Texas rig with a few additions and similar to a sliding sinker bottom rig used for walleyes. Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. Areas were the bottom is made up of rocks and boulders that are very close together is another area where the rig is sure to get caught up. Bullet As the name implies it is shaped like a Bullet used on Texas rigs in front of the worm. twitch or pressure on the line in setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait. The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass. with it’s pointed nose it slides easily through the weeds or wood with out getting snagged. Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. Cast and retrieve slow is the key for a successful presentation.All you need to know about “FISHING” Bank Similar to the walking sinker but comes in heavier weights 1oz-6oz Squared edge design helps you keep your bait where you want it. A bite on a Carolina rig can be a subtle tap. Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 1/2. Fishing with a Carolina rig you can see why they are so effective as the rig is drawn across the bottom the soft plastic bait will move side to side upward and downward bumping weeds and bouncing off rocks.7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting. Darseet Garasia Page 45 . For example areas of extreme weeds or brush don�t lend themselves to the usage of a Carolina rig. It is a successful method of soft plastic bait presentation in all depths of water. its only limitation is certain types of cover that you are trying to move it through. Carolina Rig The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass.
if your using a bullet weight be sure the point is facing the rod tip. Slip on the sinker on your main line. Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 .1/2 .Small Soft Plastic's 3/0-4/0 .3/4 . the top loop makes it easy to tie on or let the weight slide up and down the line.1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 . Then slip on a glass bead. Tie your hook on to the leader on the other end tie on your swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knotfor both. 18" to 36" is the most common.1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible. Darseet Garasia Page 46 . Tie on the leader to the other side of the swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knot . Sizes 5-6-7 Are large enough to stop the sliding weight. this adds sound that attracts bass and acts as a insulator protecting the knot from the banging of the weight.5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Lures Just about any type of soft plastic baits How to Rig Determine the leader length.3/16 . thumb bar line release medium line capacity. Line: 10lb to 14 lb low stretch monofilament. The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz.All you need to know about “FISHING” Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio. What you need for a Carolina Rig Assortment of Sinkers Types Bullet or Egg (Lead. the general rule is 18 inches of leader per 10 feet of water. Casting All around general sinker used on many rigs. In rigging your soft plastic�s on the hook use the same procedure as the Texas Rig above. Brass or Steel) 1/8 .
so you don�t feed line upon a bite. The most common used is a casting (bell) type sinker ranging in weight sizes of 1/23/4-1 oz. free spool the line over the side of the boat until the sinker reaches the bottom. anchored in a boat or from a shoreline. Catfish 6�-6" to 7�-0" Medium/Fast Action Baitcasting with 20lb to 30lb monofilament test line. Tighten up the line as much as possible to have a direct line from the rod to the rig. troll upstream they vibrate madly go downstream move along slightly faster than the current to make the lure wiggle.All you need to know about “FISHING” Three Way Rig The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig. simply drop the rod tip towards the rig allowing it to collapse the rig back to the fish. as the slack of the line tightens. The set-up for this is simple. They wiggle and wobble in the current. they are a fixed bottom rig mainly used on river systems to place the bait at a set distance off the bottom. What you need for a three way rig Weight/Sinkers The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait. The bite indicator is your rod tip the key to sense a strike is to have no excess line between the three-way and the rod. bank and pyramid sinkers are rigged with weight sizes Darseet Garasia Page 47 . Suggested Tackle: Rod/Reel/Line Set-ups: White Bass/Stripers & Walleye 6�-6" to 7�0" Medium/Fast Action Spinning Rod and Reel with 10lb monofilament test line. Floating crank baits are a superb way to use the three way rig on rivers. The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig. Unlike the sliding sinker bottom rig three-ways don�t slip. As the sinker bounces along the bottom the crank bait will ride about 20 inches above. Trolling Options With the depth control of the three way rig some innovative anglers use this rig for a trolling presentation. The three way is used from a stationary position. When you see a bite the tip of the rod will twitch. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig. engage your reel keeping your finger on the line. For rivers with extreme current. experiment to find what the fish prefer. River currents creates drag on the line which reduces sensitivity and control. In other words you do not want to have a bow in your line from the rod to the rig. its time to set the hook using the upward sweeping motion of the rod. release as much for the desired length from the boat. This set-up is excellent for river walleyes and white bass. instead of the hook add a snap or tie directly on a floating crank bait. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig.
All you need to know about “FISHING” starting from 1 oz up to 8 ounces. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/36") and the sinker to the other at (12/18") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot. Disc Used in fast water currents lays flat on the bottom where snags are a problem. Hooks White Bass/Stripers Walleye size #4-#6 Octopus/Aberdeen Hooks/Floating Jigs size 4 Catfish size 1/0-2/0 Circle/Octopus Hooks Swivel A three way marine brass swivel size 4 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel. You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up. Weight Sizes 1/2 oz to 4 oz. reduce the drop line pound test for the sinker than the main line or hook line. Weight Sizes 1oz to 8 oz Darseet Garasia Page 48 . Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. Egg The egg sinker is used on multiple rigs. the lighter dropper line with the sinker breaks with out loosing the entire rig. add/tie the drop lines. this way if the sinker gets hung up. Tip: If you fish in area�s with a lot of snags. Flat Also known as a No Roll this flat sliding sinker planes right to the bottom and hold for use in heavy current. as a sliding sinker or pegged to function as a stationary weight. one at 12 to 18 inches and the other at 24 to 36 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel.
Catfish Rig.leader . A rectangular sinker with rounded outside edges a top eye for the line with the bottom slightly wider and larger in size than top. Weight Sizes 1 oz to 8 oz. Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you�re targeting it has many names the most common is the Lindy Rig a trade name. others include: Live Bait Rig. River Rig. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 1/2 oz.or crawler/minnow rigs all used for live bait. holding more weight. The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing. Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you’re targeting it has many names the most common is the trade name Lindy Rig. Sliding Sinker Bottom Rig The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing. This feature prevents the a fish from feeling the weight as the line passes through the sinker. weight/sinker . Slip Rig. The basic rig is simple. Darseet Garasia Page 49 .swivel/stop . The bottom is also rounded and bent upwards. This allows the sinker to “walk” on the bottom over rocks and rubble reducing the chance of snagging. Walleye Rig.floating jig. Walking Sinker Rig and Sturgeon Rig. The semi-flat design also prevents it from rolling in faster currents.hook . Walking A very popular walleye angler sinker.All you need to know about “FISHING” Pyramid Great sinker for fishing swift rivers and heavy surf that have a soft bottom (mud and sand) the corners dig in keeping the weight stationary. The fishing presentation allows the sinker to rest on the water bottom with the bait suspended above.
back trolling or on a controlled drift. when a fish bites the live bait it usually pulls the line the opposite way of the sinker telegraphed by a small tug or twitch on your line.0" Foot -Light to Medium Light Power Spinning / Fast action Rod: Large Catfish: 6�-6" to 7�-0" Foot -Medium Heavy Power Bait Casting / Fast action Reel: Walleye: Light spinning balanced tothe rod Reel: Large Line capacity Bait Casting. What you need for a sliding sinker bottom rig With the hundreds of options that this rig offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter. casting. no roll. As the boat moves the line will become tight once the sinker reaches the bottom. for 25-35 feet of water 1 oz. disc.Start with few a 1/8 -1/4 and 1/2 ounce sinkers this will cover most lake fishing techniques. Line: Walleye 6lb-8lb test low visibility monofilament. Egg. the basic principles apply the same. Leave the reel in free spool and use your finger to stop and hold the line. for 6-10 feet of water 1/4 oz. When the rod tip twitches. If you feel a twitch or a tap release you�re finger give it a few seconds engage the reel bringing the line tight slowly and set the hook. Slowly retrieve the rig along the bottom. for 35 feet and deeper The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait. But here are some general guidelines to follow: Weight/Sinkers Any type of sliding sinker will work for this rig. Watch the rod tip closely as this will be the bite indicator. reel up the line until it is tight. Line: Large Catfish 20lb to 30lb test low stretch monofilament. As a general rule you�ll need a 1/8 of an ounce for every 10 feet of depth for lake systems that have minimal of current. release or cast allowing as much line out until it is at the desired distance from your boat. Walleye and catfish are notorious for picking up bait and dropping it as soon as they feel resistance. for 10-15 feet of water 1/2 oz. Open the free spool on your reel allowing the fish to swim away on a free line after grabbing the bait. this brings the sinker up to the swivel/stop. While holding your rod periodically give it a small pump keeping your finger on the line. This technique is highly successful for catfish and sturgeon on river systems. open the free spool on your reel. this adds action to your bait. Use a bullet sinker when weeds are present. Recommended Sliding Sinker Weights 1/8 oz. as the slack line becomes tight. Fishing from a Boat When casting the sliding sinker bottom rig allow the rig to sink to the bottom. Bullet sinkers will slide through the weeds better as the taper head will not pick up bits of vegetation and floating debris. Cast the rig and reel up the line until it is tight. wait a few seconds.All you need to know about “FISHING” Suggested Tackle Rod: Walleye: 6�-6" . for 15-25 feet of water 3/4 oz.7�. After a few seconds engage the reel bring the line tight and set the hook. Set the rod in a rod holder. and pyramid sinkers are all used for river rigging ranging in Darseet Garasia Page 50 . River Fishing In fishing rivers with current from a boat anchored or from a shoreline as a set line. Controlled Drifting or Trolling When front trolling. engage the reel and set the hook using a sweeping motion of the rod. feel for bites as many times this acts as a trigger for a following fish. Walking sinkers are the most generally used and work the best over rocks and along mud bottoms.
Hooks The octopus hook is the most widely used on this rig as a single hook or pre-rigged on a crawler/minnow rig harness. Other hooking options include floating jigs sized by the hook #4-#6. all quality hook manufactures produces them in various sizes and colors. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers for walleye northern pike and trout. This can be purchased at quality sport shops as 10 to 20 yard spools. Live Bait All live bait will work on this rig. Tie the hook on one end using a Improved Clinch Knot tie the other end to the swivel using the same knot Thread the sinker onto your fishing line. Bullet sinkers face the tapered end towards the rod tip. Be sure the swivel is large enough to stop the sliding weight. we recommend using fluorocarbon monofilament as the leader material. How to Rig Begin with making the leader. Swivels are also used as a component on a leader to attach your line.8lb to 10lb for light catfish & pike . You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up. For small minnow and leeches use size #6-#8 for walleye crappie and bass. Crawler and minnow prerigged harnesses with single or double blades work extremely well in stained or murky water by producing a loud blade vibrations helping the fish locate your bait. Egg. the slip sinker should be above the swivel and move freely. Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible. disc. Swivels Swivels are a simple but yet important part on your fishing gear when it comes to rigging.20lb for medium catfish -Large catfish & sturgeon 30 to 40lb test.All you need to know about “FISHING” weights from a 1/8 to 8 ounces. The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist. casting. Once tied. acts as a weight stop on your line along with spreading bottom rigs ( 3way swivel) for proper presentations. no roll. The swivel keeps your line from twisting. and pyramid sinkers have no preference. For the walking sinker make sure the bent bottom end is facing towards the rig or away from the rod tip. Note: Length of leader and size of hook will vary based on the fishing conditions. it is invisible in the water and abrasion resistant and has low stretch. After slipping the sinker on your line tie to the open end of the swivel on the leader using the Improved Clinch Knot. Start with cutting the length of leaders at 24-to-36 inches use 6 to 8 lb test for walleye and bass . Catfish and sturgeon sizes range from 1 to 6/0. Barrel Darseet Garasia Page 51 .
shapes and size bobbers available today. Round Attached 2. slip bobbers that the fishing line passes through for deep water fishing and the fixed bobber that uses a spring lock or snap for shallow water fishing. Waggler Slip 9. Antenna Slip 7. The bobber or float presents the bait at a pre set depth and acts as a strike indicator when a fish bites. Popular Common Bobbers (Floats) 1. Weighted Spring Attached 4. lighted or glow for night time fishing. Shy/Light Bite Slip 8. There are a variety colors. Large Bait Slip Darseet Garasia Page 52 . Lighted Slip 3.All you need to know about “FISHING” Ball Bearing Three Way Snap Swivel Fishing Bobbers (Floats) Fishing with a bobbers is one the most common and simple set-ups. Slip 6. Glow Slip 5.
but is large enough to stop the bead on a slip bobber.All you need to know about “FISHING” Sliding Slip Bobber Rig The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. it is designed to move (slide) up and down the line and will not interfere with casting or landing a fish. Thus the angler using slip bobbers can fish at any depth. The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. connected to a pike leader attached to a tennis ball sized bobber. The attached to line bobbers will work but are limited to very shallow water a few feet or so. in other words the amount of line from the attached bobber to your hook should be shorter than you�re rod length. Many anglers began their first fishing experience using a red and white bobber rig off a dock or boat for panfish. or can be tied by the angler using this knot ( Stop Knot ) The bobber stop when used correctly is small enough to pass through the rod guides and reel mechanisms when retrieved or cast. especially large ones. Unfortunately they never received guidance or advice for the correct presentation. Darseet Garasia Page 53 . The stop point on the line is called a bobber stop. it's design has a hollow tube through it and will slide freely from the hook or bottom weight to the stop. but at least they are fishing. Using a bobber to hook length longer than the rod will restrict your casting ability and the fish landing as the attached bobber stops the line at the rod tip hampering your efforts to net the fish. For a bobber or float to work properly. cigar shaped floats use a spring that is pulled back with the line inserted into a slot. by releasing the spring. Conventional round bobbers achieve this by attaching directly to a fixed point on the line using a snap. By doing this your success and catch rate will increase dramatically. this can be purchased at a store as rubber pellets. and to detect a bite from your bobber. will hold the line. While the basic bobber set-up is simple we have witnessed over the years many anglers over-rig this set-up by using a extremely large hook. small vinyl strips and dacron knots on a tube. there has to be some point to hold the bobber from movement on the line to float. only limited by the depth of the water and the amount of line on the reel. To properly fish a attached bobber or slip bobber rig the key is to use the smallest and lightest tackle in order to present the live bait as natural as possible.
4 . Made of Styrofoam or balsa Pencil Slip Float This is the lightest and thinnest float used to detect a bite. Reel . smaller for leeches and worms larger for minnows. For night fishing there are LED lithium battery tipped lighted floats. In setting the hook reel in any slack line. Great for kids who fish off a dock.8 pound test monofilament. if the bobber goes flat on the water. A popular float in Europe for light biting fish. What you need for a slip bobber rig/bobber Type of Floats/Bobbers There are variations in styles and types of floats. Suggested Tackle: Any light rod & reel set-up will work but we suggest a longer rod in aiding longer casts and setting the hook. Upon setting the proper depth and weight balance on the slip bobber. Matching the live bait. You should have variety of floats enabling to fish in various situations and conditions. Once reeled up the slip bobber should rest above the split shot with the bobber stop on your reel. light with medium action spinning rod. use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish this helps ensuring a good hookset. you�re probably on the bottom or need additional weight. They come in a variety of sizes to match the live bait. Rod . Setting the correct depth is critical for successful slip bobbering. An inexpensive tool to use in setting the correct depth off the bottom is a ice fishing depth finder. sideways. down. Walleyes and perch relate to bottom structure. up.Any good quality spinning reel balanced to the rod with a smooth drag. larger bait requires a larger float or a fishing presentation such asdrifting a float over a flat or fishing a targeted piece of structure. made of Styrofoam or balsa. The bobber/float should only be large enough to hold your bait and float upright in the water. Round Basic Bobber The round attached bobber comes in a rainbow of colors made of hard plastic or Styrofoam that have a spring clip on the bottom attaching to the line. these have a thinner profile and offer the least resistance on a bite.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing a slip bobber is an effective way to catch almost any species of fish. Fishing with attached bobber limit�s the amount of line to a few feet for shallow water. rock pile. Easily cast and best used when fishing calm water over structure. set/slide the bobber stop accordingly. this means a fish has taken your bait and is swimming upward eliminating the weight that kept the bobber upright. hump or crib. It�s time to fish. Line . indicating a bite. Clip the depth finder on the hook release the line until reaches the bottom. Oval Slip Floats A larger float used for larger minnows small suckers and red tail chubs. that way it will be sensitive to any type of bite. If your bobber lays flat on the surface. These can purchased at any fishing shop for under two dollars. Cigar Shaped Slip Floats For light biting fish. a alligator clip attached to a lead weight. Adjust the bobber stop upward or add weight. and will work in waves or still water conditions. To began. easy to cast. bluegills. Pear Shaped Slip Float These are the most common. The best bobber size is about 1 inch or equal to a quarter for small worms. Keep alert for any movements. Made of balsa. They are a good choice Darseet Garasia Page 54 . crappies and bass often suspend higher. the slip bobber rig should be balanced with the correct amount of weight including the live bait.7' to 8' foot plus. Start at 6" to 12" inches off the bottom and adjust the bobber stop upward from there. often referred as a shy bite or a waggler float. After the cast wait for the bait to sink and the bobber to go upright before reeling in any slack line.
Tip Add a small barrel swivel above the split shot using lighter line than the main line. Bobber Stops/Stop Knots There are three common types of bobber stops that are sold in shops. the tag ends are trimmed off. Rubber pellets that come attached to a fine wire loop. they attach by running the line through the loop and pull the stop onto the line. Crappies and bluegills try a gold Aberdeen long shank hook size #6 or#8 tipped with a small minnow or redworm.All you need to know about “FISHING” for (drifting) covering an expanse of water as the increased profile will drift along pushed from the wind and waves. Thread on the bead and slip float. Another option is using a jig 1/64 to 1/8 ounce this offers color to the bait as well as a horizontal presentation. Made of Styrofoam or balsa. For instance the main line is 8lb use 4lb or 6lb test from the swivel down to the hook. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. Weight/Sinkers Proper weighting and placement are the utmost important when using a slip bobber. Pull the loose tag ends of the knot semi-tight to be adjustable. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. Sizes #6 and #8 for worms and leeches. The Octopus hook is the most commonly used although circle hooks are equally effective. leeches. The Dacron stop is the most universally used as well as the easiest to adjust on monofilament just wet the line and slide the stop to the proper setting. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. Try this for early and mid season walleyes. Live bait Worms. The correct weight and placement will keep your line vertical through the water allowing the float to indicate even the lightest bite. If you get snagged and Darseet Garasia Page 55 . How to rig a slip bobber Began by threading the stop knot tube on the line Push the stop knot off the tube onto the line toward the rod tip and remove tube. be sure the top of the float is facing the rod tip. size #4 for minnows for walleyes and bass. Each size and type of slip bobber will require different sized split shot weights. minnows. Minnows are the favorite during the spring and fall seasons with leeches and worm/night crawlers used during warmer summer months. this will allow your bait to appear more natural. All three come with stop beads if the hole on the float is too large for the stop. Vinyl/Plastic strips that have small holes that you weave the line through and the Dacron knot stop that come on a small tube which is threaded onto the line. Start by placing the split shot 8 to 12 inches from the hook. Pinch on a split shot below the float and tie on the hook on using a Improved Clinch Knot. the knot is pushed off the tube to the line then tighten. Trim off the tag ends close to the knot. if more than one split shot is used always place the smaller split shot closest to the hook. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait.
Chub (Creek Chub) Darseet Garasia Page 56 . They generally reach 2 to 3 inches in length and have a life span of two to three years. In Southern states it lives in silt or mud bottomed lakes ponds and slow moving rivers. worms and leeches catch fish. or "blackhead. bluegill. types of containers and care for inland freshwater fishing. The fathead minnow is a fresh water fish. Minnows are apart of a fish family that includes over 250 species in North America. Shiners and Suckers.All you need to know about “FISHING” had to break the line. stained colored lakes. In Northern States. Whether you buy or catch your bait it should always be kept fresh and lively. and crappie to feed on. ponds and slow moving streams. Fatheads feed on small organic organisms. Dependent on the time of the year and water temperatures or when fishing slows down live bait is definitely the preferred choice for a successful catch. black and rosy red (orange). Fathead minnows are sometimes called "tuffy". and their maximum length seldom exceed three inches in size thus making them one of the best forage fish available for bass. "ruby red". The most commonly used and commercially sold minnows are Fatheads. you would only lose the hook and split shot by breaking the lighter line. Fishing with Live Bait With all of the innovative and high tech features that artificial lures currently have. fishing with live bait still produces over 50% of freshwater game fish caught in North America. Most live bait are purchased at a local Sport Shop or for a rewarding experience can be caught by yourself. Fathead Fatheads are the most popular and universal of baitfish and are commonly used as forage for game fish. The following are the most popular live bait used. active fresh minnows. walleye. This keeps the float as the swivel acts as a stop on your main line. It saves you time not chasing a floating bobber. Chubs. it will also save you money by learning how to keep your bait alive. the fathead minnow inhabits boggy. native to most states." They come in two different colors. Fishing with Bait Fish To most anglers the word minnow means a small fish used for bait. Spawning begins when the water temperature reaches 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit and repeats monthly until water cools down in the fall.
largemouth bass. eyes. This behavior is quite remarkable since largemouth bass are know to feed heavily on them. the head. ponds. northern pike. silvery on the sides. and creamy below. also known as the redtail chub. The hornyhead feeds primarily on insect larvae. Young golden shiners are silvery with a dark band on the side as they mature the band fades developing a golden color with a dark bronze brown back. The male constructs a nest carrying small rocks in his mouth to the spawning site. The finished nest is a small mound of stones 1-3 feet in diameter and a few inches high. such as earthworms and crustaceans. Gravel in riffles is often used for spawning. Also known as Silver Shiner. Adult males reach a length of about 6 to 9 inches (females are smaller). young fish have a distinct spot. and occasionally rivers. Common shiners spawn in spring. The creek chub is one of the "Big Three" native minnows (the other two are common shiner and hornyhead chub). In comparison with similar species. some reach 8 inches. Males sometimes attain lengths of 10"-12" and weigh up to 12 oz. Eastern Shiner. loons. This spot becomes less distinct with age. and smallmouth bass. Common Shiner Common shiners average about 2 1/2 to 4 inches long. with the exception of a few upper Western States. some algae is also eaten. Golden Shiner The golden shiner are found throughout the U.All you need to know about “FISHING” Creek chubs are a main forage item for many predators. Both young and adult fish show schooling patterns in shallow depths no greater than 2-3 ft. It inhabits both warm and coldwater streams and may be found in the same cooler waters as trout. which is red. Because it is common and readily caught it is important forage fish for many game fish as a popular bait minnow. They have been observed using active nests of largemouth bass to deposit their own eggs. brown trout. At the base of the tail. It is used as a popular baitfish for walleyes and northern pike. Creek Shiner. but they commonly spawn over the nest of a creek chub. such as walleyes. kingfishers. Their native range is Midwest and Eastern States. but eats other small animals. Their color is basically silvery with a dusky back. and mouth of the common shiner seem noticeably large. American Roach and Pond Shiner Darseet Garasia Page 57 . Females reach about 7"-8" weigh up to 8-10 oz. Redfin Shiner. Spawning occurs from late May through June. quiet. The eggs are deposited into a small depression opened by the male in the nest. Also known as Roach. Golden shiners live in clear. Creek chubs can live for 7-8 years although few make it past 5. Eggs are released. Little creek chubs even have to watch out for bigger creek chubs. fertilized and allowed to settle into vegetation while mating fish continue to swim.S. shallow sections of lakes. river chub some males excavate their own small nests. Because they often school in lakes. The common shiner feeds at or just below the water surface primarily on insects. weedy. is olive brown on the back. Golden shiners spawn over an extended period from May to July. and mergansers also commonly eat them. Hornyhead Chub ( Red Tail Chub) The hornyhead chub. especially in the Northern States for ice fishing.
Also known as Mississippi mud minnow. In adding or changing water from a city tap use a de-chlorinator to remove the chlorine. Young white suckers are used as bait for walleyes and northern pike. Rapid change in temperature will send the baitfish into shock and they eventually die. gray sucker. with up to 14 indistinct brown vertical bars on the sides and a prominent dark vertical bar located at the base of the tail. large scales. Warm water greatly reduces the oxygen content. The white sucker goes by a number of other names. and they can tolerate low oxygen levels. Keep them Cool…. brook sucker.Nothing kills minnows and suckers quicker than extreme heat. Care and Keeping of Baitfish When fishing with minnows and suckers having fresh lively bait can make a world of difference in getting a bite. Here’s a few pointers in keeping your live bait alive long enough to be useful especially during the summer months 1. Small amounts of ice can be added periodically.S. mud sucker. Although the white sucker is found in a wide variety of water conditions. sloughs. White suckers are usually about 10-20 inches long and weigh 1-2 pounds. The most common used for bait is the White Sucker.All you need to know about “FISHING” Mud Minnow The upper part of the body is olive-brown in color. water systems. If you're on a lake or river make sure you temper the water in the minnow bucket to the same temperature as the water system you're fishing by adding small amounts of water rather than submerging the entire bucket. Preferred bait for many walleye anglers because of its hardiness. some unusual specimens weighing as much as 8 pounds. sucker. larger suckers for muskies. black mullet. a few drops goes a long way. slender sucker. like common sucker. Water from a well or bottled water requires no de-chlorinator.. Used extensively as a bait minnow where plentiful. 2.. Keep your bait bucket in the shade and out of direct sunlight. and they have a cylindrical shape. june sucker and white horse. these fish typically inhabit lakes and reservoirs that have tributary streams. Changing the Water…. The action of a struggling minnow/sucker on a hook with a natural scent will draw attention of nearby fish even enticing neutral or negative mood fish to a reactionary strike. mullet. They tolerate low oxygen levels and extreme water temperatures. Central Mudminnows occur in quiet areas of streams. If the water in your bait container turns cloudy because of ammonia being released (waste) by the baitfish or they are at the top gasping for air the water needs to be changed. Most bait shops or your local pet store have chlorine removers in a liquid. Their color is olive brown. but do not overload the ice or the temperature drop will shock the fish and kill them. Mudfish and Dogfish Suckers Suckers are found in nearly all types of waters with 80 species native to North America. coarse-scaled sucker. swamps and other wetlands over mud and debris and often found in dense vegetation. Note: (VHS) Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia is a deadly fish virus and a invasive species that is Darseet Garasia Page 58 . White suckers feed on a variety of invertebrates found among stream and lake substrates. mottled throughout. The belly is yellow to white and fins are brownish. The white sucker is widely distributed through out most of the U.
The first is in the mouth insert the point of the hook under the lower lip and push the hook through the top lip. This hooking technique is used when stationary fishing. Lip hooked baitfish also work well on preserved baits. transport and disposal of baitfish including the use of water from bait containers. bottom bouncers. Small Chubs & Shiners) 2"-3 1/2" Standard 8 Qt 4-5 dozen Large ( Chubs. Darseet Garasia Page 59 . sliding weight bottom rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” threatening many game fish in North American water systems. By hooking the baitfish through the lips will keep the water from circulating into the gills and it will eventually die. Please support and follow all regulations in helping the DNR stop this threat. Over crowding of minnows or suckers in a bait container will immediately reduce the amount of available oxygen.and Up Standard 8 Qt 1-1 1/2 dozen Large Suckers 10" -18" Recommended 5 gallon bucket or larger 2-3 suckers Rigging Baitfish There are three basic options to bait a minnow on a hook. Proper amount of bait…. 3. Before fishing with live minnows and suckers. Here is a recommended guide line based on minnow sizes and a standard sized minnow bucket at 8 quart capacity. be careful to pierce only the skin and not through the spine. This allows the baitfish to look natural as it swims forward. Using this method the baitfish will keep it alive for a longer time.1" Standard 8 Qt 6 dozen Medium ( Fathead’s. a floating/bobber set-up or for ice fishing hooking a baitfish on a tip-up. the hook shank will be facing forward with the tip of the hook facing up. please check your Local Sport Shop / State Department of Natural Resources fishing regulations concerning the use. Suckers & Shiners) 3 1/2" . Lip hooked baitfish are used tipped on a jig or live bait rigs. and increase the toxic ammonia level from their waste. Small ( Crappie Fathead Minnows) 3/4". Check your bait often. drop shot rig or on a float/bobber set-up. If you over fill your container with minnows by the time you get to your destination from the bait shop probably and 1/3 or more of your bait will be dead floating on the top. The second option is hooking the baitfish through it’s back in front of the dorsal fin.
Standard Two Bucket Design The traditional lift out bait bucket has a outer hard plastic bucket with a inner liner that fits inside. It is also useful when stationary fishing in keeping bait fresh and lively by placing the inner bucket liner in the lake or off a dock as a holding container. Trolling Buckets Trolling style buckets are ideal when trolling as they pull easily behind boat or in current when wading. Other features now include notches. The trolling bucket constantly aerates the bait as it moves through the water. Use a simple split shot and hook rig cast the minnow gently and let it sink and drift while it swims freely. Insert the hook tip at the fleshy base of the tail and run it through.All you need to know about “FISHING” The final option is hooking through the tail for free-line fishing. air hoses. Here's a quick overview to choosing the right style of bucket for the different ways you may fish. There are other styles and options available to make your fishing more efficient and convenient. ending with the hook tip and shaft facing rearward. The inner bucket has a floating cover with a snap open door the bottom is perforated like a strainer. Today the traditional minnow bucket is still used only made from hard plastic. Darseet Garasia Page 60 . aerators and pliers. holes and clips for holding dip nets. The weighted keel design keeps the bucket from rolling over and positions the self closing bait door floating face up for easy access to your bait. Years back galvanized steel bait buckets were used and are still found in many tackle shops. Fishing Baitfish Containers The basic angling tool in keeping and transporting live baitfish to your fishing spot is the minnow bucket. This lets the angler to select bait from the liner by lifting out of the outer bucket draining the water.
For storing baitfish for several days add a battery powered aerator keeping the water oxygenated. The inner liner keeps baitfish cool during the warm months it also reduces freezing of water in colder temperatures. Styrofoam Buckets For the seasoned angler we can bet that you have a collection of Styrofoam buckets in your garage or fishing shed.All you need to know about “FISHING” Plastic Insulated Buckets By combining a foam liner and the durability of a molded plastic outer bucket you have the best portable container for baitfish. Aerators Darseet Garasia Page 61 . Foam buckets do a excellent job of keeping baitfish alive in heat or cold they insulate well and keep the water temperature consistent. The water should be periodically checked and changed. apply a thin layer of Vaseline around the outer edge of the lid and bucket. They do come in handy when you need a extra bucket or forgot to bring yours along to the bait shop. The drawbacks are they are fragile and changing water. To eliminate freezing lids. over time the foam liner should be cleaned from residue build up with a fine grit sandpaper and rinsed with plain water using no soap or cleaners. *Tip* For ice fishing foam buckets work very well in keeping the water from freezing but the lid in colder weather tends to freeze to the bucket. with the solid lid design trying to pour out water with baitfish inside can be a tricky in not losing bait.
a built in light helpful for low light and night time fishing and low and high output oxygen level adjustment controls. porch or fishing cottage. Anglers that will store baitfish for an extended period of time in a cooler or a baitfish tank should look at buying a plug in aerator rather than replacing batteries. *Tip* If your using a plug in aerator always keep the pump above the water line so water can't siphon back if a power failure occurs. secure the pump so it does not fall off into the water. catfish. Other upgraded options include adapters to hook up to a 12 volt battery. Fishing with Night Crawlers & Red Worms The earthworm is the most widely used bait for freshwater fishing and is one of easiest natural bait to collect and keep. we can attest for this first hand. remember you will be listening to the humming of the pump while fishing.All you need to know about “FISHING” Buying an aerator will quickly pay for itself by reducing the mortality rate of your baitfish along with keeping your bait fresh and lively. rock bass and other Panfish as well. Portable aerators use batteries from sizes from AA to D cells and have clips for attaching to bait bucket lids with air hoses and air stones. Darseet Garasia Page 62 . pump failure will result in a bucket of dead minnows. Some tackle companies sells 110 volt air pump systems or you can visit your local pet shop and buy the components. The most common and popular worms used for bait are: Night Crawlers and Red Worms. The night crawler is deadly and irresistible to most large game fish when used as live bait on a crawler harness. a small bottle with a needle and a protective cap. invest in a high quality aerator that markets itself as whisper operation or quiet bubbles. Using a small piece of a night crawler you can have fun catching perch. all have the same general shape but differ in size and color. Bait shops sell worm air injectors. and sturgeon. air pump. hose and stone and save money. The other consideration is sound. largemouth and smallmouth bass. There are hundreds of species of earthworms in North America. smaller bubbles carry more oxygen. it will vibrate and move around. in the long run you will be glad you did. *Tip* To make a night crawler more visible and enticing to fish inject them with small amounts of air. Night Crawlers For years the night crawler has been the leading live bait choice among the majority of anglers. bluegill. tipped on jig or under a bobber set-up for walleye. any type of hook/weight rig. trout. Gentle aeration is the key. this allows the bait to float off the bottom when using weighted bottom rig. you do not want your baitfish churning around your bucket in waves. As a pump operates. This allows you to keep baitfish alive for days in your garage.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Night crawlers are easy to keep and sold at all bait shops, some gas stations and sporting goods section at discount stores. Many anglers prefer to collect their own bait by yanking night crawlers out of their holes in the backyard. If you're night crawler hunting the best time is evening after a hard spring or summer rain, it can be as simple as picking them off the street, especially the ones that have low curbs with grass parkways, darker streets are more productive than well lit ones as they are light sensitive. Searching in grass under leaves and rocks where the soil is moist use a flashlight and cover the lens with red cellophane, night crawlers for some reason can feel white light, shine a flashlight directly on a night crawler and they will slide very quickly back into their hole. Night crawler picking is fun on a warm summer evening after a rain, just bring a container and get plenty of bait for free. Red Worms
Red worms also known as leaf worms, garden worms and red wigglers. They are very popular live bait for game fish that prefer smaller worms, such as panfish, bluegill, perch and trout. Red worms are hardy and not as sensitive to temperature as the common night crawler. They are also very active when placed on a hook as they wiggle attracting and catching fish. Red worms are especially effective when it comes to bait stealers, small mouthed sunfish that nibble at the bait, to increase the catch thread a red worm on a hook and leave the hook point uncovered. *Tip* Most youngsters are taught how to fish by starting out with hook, weight, bobber and carton of red worms off of a dock or from shore. If your looking to set-up your child with rod and reel here's a recommendation: Buy a quality 5 1/2 ft spin cast ( closed faced combo) light action spooled with 6lb test, this will be better and easier for kids than the short brightly colored fishing outfits that are available. For rigging purchase a package of size 8 aberdeen long shank hooks a pack of BB sized split shots and a few bobbers that attach to the line about the overall size of a quarter, the smaller bobber is intended to suspend your bait in the water and alert when to set the hook. Using a larger bobber the harder it will be to set the hook and detect a bite. To complete the set-up tie on the hook using a clinch knot above about 6-10 inches place a spilt shot or two then attach the bobber. Worm Care & Storage
Night crawlers and red worms are stored refrigerated in bait shops as they require a dark and cooler environment to survive. When fishing with earthworms for the day they should always be kept in the shade and out of direct sunlight especially when it‘s very warm. Nothing smells worse than a container of sun baked worms. After your day on the water to keep your bait fresh either put them in a cooler with ice, place the container on top you don’t want to drown your bait in the cooler water or place the container in a refrigerator.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”
For keeping worms in a good condition for a extended period of time you should consider buying a portable worm carrier. Most containers made of a insulated material that will maintain a cool moist environment that worms enjoy. Some models can be dipped into water to aid in keeping them moist others have external ice pack holders for hot days. To get at the worms easily many have two access doors that you can flip the container over when they burrow to the bottom, make sure the container has a snug fitting lockable doors. Another choice is what material to store them in. We recommend buying commercially made worm bedding available at most tackle shops. The cellulose organic based bedding makes temperature and moisture regulation easier. Many worm containers have kits with bedding included just follow the instructions on the package. Fishing with Leeches
Leeches are the most plentiful of all the baits. They can be left in a container of water for a long time without food. Walleyes love leeches almost all year round and they are classified as universal bait for walleyes. Fish eat many types of leeches, but only the ribbon leech is widely used as bait. The color of a ribbon leeches varies from pure black to light brown and some have a brown or olive background with many black spots. Leeches are easy to keep alive. They are not as sensitive to temperature changes as minnows, and they require relatively little oxygen. Leeches can be kept alive until fall, even without food, but they should be allowed to clean themselves. Anglers can keep the bait "cleaner" by rinsing the leeches on a daily basis and storing them in fresh, clean water in a cool place. The summer is the best time to fish with leeches; by mid-summer most of the adult leeches have deposited cocoons and die off. Also, in the summer time the leech will wiggle more below a bobber than a worm. When drifting or trolling, anglers will catch suspended walleyes on floating jigheads and slip sinker rigs.
About Fishing Lures
For the beginning angler, walking into a bait and tackle shop for the first time can be overwhelming because of the huge selection of lures by type, color and sizes. Many just buy a tackle box and fill it with a random assortment of lures and hope through trial and error one works, others just purchase a lure or two and use it all day. When building a tackle selection one must consider the species of fish you're targeting along with the season you're fishing in. Expert fishermen understand seasonal locations of fish and the proper presentation, meaning the choice of lure and how to retrieve it. This builds confidence knowing how to fish the proper lure at the proper depth to maximize your catch rate, and catching fish is the quickest way to gain confidence. When buying lures to cover multiple fishing presentations select a few of each type and color by using these factors listed below.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”
Depth Depth is a major factor in lure selection. There are three categories or lure types, surface, sub-surface and deep. Let's start with Spring, when most gamefish move into the shallow water to spawn and seek food. Surface lures and shallow running lures are the best choice. During the Summer months fish move to deeper water where deep running lures and jigs are used. When fall arrives fish tend to move back to shallower water sub-surface and surface lures will be effective. Cover Species such as largemouth bass and northern pike will be related to weeds throughout the year. When fishing thick weeds and brush use a lure with a weed guard (weedless) to prevent snagging. Always have a few surface lures on hand as well when fishing around cover especially during the early morning and evening hours. Level of Fish Activity The gamefish level of activity determines the size and action of the lure. For instance water temperature affects fish more than and other elements, and weather conditions play a major role, such as when a cold front arrives. Cold water reduces the fish activity and it is best to downsize your lure and present your lure slowly. For muskies and northern pike use lures such as jerk baits and gliders with a pause between in your retrieve, walleyes use jigging spoons twitched and paused along with small jigs tiped with live bait crawled on the bottom will work well. During warm stable weather as the fish's metabolism is active they feed readily. This is the best time to be on the water to fish, inline spinners, spinner baits, spoons and crank baits with fast retrieves will move and catch fish. Lure Colors, Light & Water Clarity Many articles have been written and theories discussed about lure color and how the water clarity affects the colors. All water acts as a light filter depending on the clarity, (clear or stained) and depth of the lure. It has been a general rule of thumb that lighter colored lures work the best in clear water in stained or murky water fluorescent colored are favored. The other cliché is light color on bright days and dark colors on overcast days no matter what the water color is. But this does not explain why dark colors such as purple or black worms for largemouth bass works so well on clear water on a bright day. Lure Sizes Sizing of lures is also apart of the proper presentation. Here is a recommended chart for length of lures for various game fish. Crappies, Perch, Bluegills-1-2" River Trout-1-3" White Bass-1-3" Smallmouth Bass-2-5" Largemouth Bass-2-6" Walleyes-3-6" Salmon, Lake Trout-3-7" Muskies, Northern Pike-4-12"
Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits Fishing Spinners Fishing Spoons Fishing Jigs
Many avid anglers still consider wooden plugs the best lure having better action than similar ones made from plastic. The water should be relatively calm otherwise the fish do not notice the action. Green/White for Frogs. frogs. crayfish. Surface lures work especially well when fish are shallow and the water temperature is 60 degrees or warmer. Plugs attract fish by there action and flash. Other colors will work as well dependent on the forage in the water system such as Orange/Yellow for Perch. There are two category of plugs Surface (Topwater) and Subsurface (Diving). The best hours to fish surface lures are generally early in the morning and at dusk into the evening. it works well on all water types clear. A few lure manufacturers still use wood in making lure bodies. stained or dark. mainly balsa. Many new plastic plugs today have internal chambers filled with shot producing a rattling sound that attracts fish. or the splash pop and gurgle of a surface plug or just the sound of hooks clicking the lure body.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Soft Plastics Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits Fishing with Surface Lures. For lure colors a very good universal color is black. producing sounds that draws the attention of game fish. But there has been fish caught on surface lures in the middle of the day. Black provides the best silhouette against the sky as the fish looks upward towards the water surface. insects. Most plugs replicate some type of baitfish but some types of plugs resemble mice. and White/Blue/Chrome for Shad and Shiners. Crawlers Darseet Garasia Page 66 . Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of plugs and how they are used: Surface Lures: (Topwater) There is nothing more exciting to see a fish strike a surface lure. Minnow Baits. and snakes that fish prey on. but most modern day plugs are made from hollow plastic or molded plastic. Crankbaits & Creatures The word "Plug" was used many years ago to describe a lure that was handcarved from a block of wood. It may be the vibration of a minnow bait swimming through the water. some hardwoods and pine.
The center blade rotates upon the retrieve producing a bubble trail. Commonly used for fishing pike and muskies. The tail rotating lures works well on calm water to slight chop. Surface Wobbler Darseet Garasia Page 67 . Chuggers Chuggers have an indented cup on the face of the lure. Rotating Tail The tail section rotates creating a plopping noise from the blade attached. (Right) A large face plate will make this crawler body move back and forth producing a wake on the surface. this has been a favorite surface lure for muskie anglers for many years. A favorite of bass anglers for many years. used on calm water with a steady slow retrieve.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crawlers produce a plopping/gurgling sound. it catches water when the lure is jerked over the surface producing a popping/chugging sound. has wings mounted on the side that will swim across the water. Center Rotating Blade Commonly know as a Globe. (Left) This crawler. also known as a creeper.
or buzz it across the water to trigger aggressive feeding fish. Stickbait The stickbait has no lip or propellers. pop it using a stop and go method. Darseet Garasia Page 68 . The angler must supply lure action through a series of short sharp cadence pulls upon the retrieve creating the side to side action known as "walk the dog" on the surface. Used on calm water. Excellent lure for new anglers to experience top water fishing. Propeller The propeller lure has props on the nose and tail or on the tail. Work this lure slow on calm water in the evening. The retrieve is very slow allowing the bait to work. they also have no built in wobble. run it slow with a straight retrieve. Flaptail The flaptail rocks back and forth while the brass blade on the tail slaps the water with a plopping sound. and the tail prop adds a wake. this topwater lure is versatile. Also known as torpedo lure. Also know as Propbait or Topper Bait.All you need to know about “FISHING” The jointed surface wobbler creates a clicking sound as the lure rocks back and forth when retrieved.
mid range 5-10 feet and shallow are 1-3 feet. for instance a deep running lure will have a elongated lip attached approximately 90 degrees horizontal from the nose which acts as a diving plane forcing the lure downward.All you need to know about “FISHING” Subsurface Plugs (Diving. Sinking) There are two categories of subsurface plugs. both have floating or sinking models. The deep runners are classified as 10 feet plus. pointed head or a flattened curved forehead. These are classified as gliders. or short stop and go techniques. Diving lures will run at depths from just under the surface at 1 foot to 20 feet or greater. It is wise to have a few of each to cover the fishing situations you could encounter. Shallow running lures will have lip placed vertically off of the nose creating a water resistance forcing the lure to run shallow. Floating. Diving lures will catch fish in any type of water calm or rough any time of the day. All lure companies provide the running/diving depth of each lure on their box or packaging. strong jerks. the action of the each lure is achieved through a series of cadence pulls. these are commonly known as crankbaits. Mid range divers will have a lip set at a 45 degree angle. In selecting lures with a lip attached to the nose of the lure the angle of lip will determine the running depth of the lure. all have a side to side wiggle action as they travel through the water. Floating Minnow (Crankbait) This is the most popular type and the most versatile crankbait lure designed to Darseet Garasia Page 69 . The second group of plugs refer to the action of the lure provided by the angler in the retrieve. The first are diving lures that dive with attached plastic/metal lips or dive based on the lure body design such as cupped. jerkbaits and twitch baits.
The lure body design to dive is based on a cupped. or a flattened curved forehead all have a side to side wobble action as they travel through the water. Floating Shad/Perch (Crankbait) Similar to the floating minnow style with a diving lip. When casting deep running lures this allows the angler to bounce lures off of deep structure (bottom bouncing) such as rocks or wood with out getting snagged by letting the lure just float up after making contact. Anglers who use midrange running lures have a few more options. Made from balsa wood and hollow plastic with and with out internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle. Vibrating (Crankbait) Darseet Garasia Page 70 . For shallow lures running at 1-3 feet as a floater this will maintain the shallow depth. Floating Lipless (Crankbait) The series of lures shown above have been made for many years. These lures imitate the forage of shad and perch with a wider or fatter body style. For trolling using a midrange lip off of downrigger or lead core line the lure will maintain the set depth.All you need to know about “FISHING” imitate a thin bodied baitfish. timed tested and still today catch many fish. In casting the angler can pop the lure along the surface or crank it a few feet down to 5 to 8 feet with a straight retrieve.
Neutrally Buoyant (Crankbait) Also referred as a suspending lure or a jerk bait. Darseet Garasia Page 71 . The lure is designed using an internal weight system or a weighted tape to achieve neutral buoyancy. Very good lure for finicky fish that follows and don’t bite. when stopped the lure will remain suspended and motionless in the water. The angler simply cast the lure and count’s down at a rate of 1 foot per second to the specified depth and retrieves the lure. resulting in a tight wiggle. Sinking (Crankbait) Also known as a countdown this lure is weighted to sink horizontally. When fish suspend over 10 feet at a specific depth the sinking lure is a very good option to use. The sinking lure uses a midrange lip to maintain the depth until the end of the retrieve. The presentation is an erratic jerk pause type of retrieve.All you need to know about “FISHING” These thin bodied lures do not have a diving lip and are attached to the line with the eye on top of the head. All vibrating lures have internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle. Most are sinking models but some do float at rest.
All you need to know about “FISHING” Floating (Trolling Plugs) These are designed and used primarily for trolling as they are relatively too light to cast. To achieve the depth required for a successful controlled trolling depth anglers use a online diving plane (Dipsey Diver) or attached to an line release on a downrigger. The Twitch bait (Top) is retrieved with a series of short taps of the rod or twitches which gives the lure a erratic motion. up down side to side action. They float at rest and dive when given a strong jerk or pull then float upward to the surface. Sinking (Gliders & Twitch) Gliders and Twitch baits are lipless and sink. Many have a metal tail that can be bent to change the action and depth setting. the action of each lure is in part provided by the angler. Generally most trolling plugs float at rest and dive based on the flattened forehead that creates a wide erratic wobble through the water. Floating (Jerkbait) These are large elongated plugs intended for fishing muskies and pike. The Glider (Bottom) is retrieved using timed cadence short pulls causing the lure to glide side to side or a underwater walk the dog action Darseet Garasia Page 72 .
stained or muddy waters the hot colors work effective. Shiners. here’s a few top producers. Alewives. Creatures Freshwater game fish are predatory by nature there also opportunistic and will take advantage of any food source presented to them to fill their feeding needs. frogs. Lure Colors Crankbaits are available in a spectrum of colors and finishes.Buzzbaits. Livebait Spinners Darseet Garasia Page 73 . glass. swimming rodents. Here’s a simple guideline of basic successful colors: Open Water Suspended Forage: Shad. Ciscoes. Minnows Black top with Gold sides (Sucker) Black top with Silver sides (Minnow) Black top with Orange sides (Perch-Crawfish) Black top with Green sides with Bars (Perch) Brown top Orange or Red sides (Crawfish) Fluorescent Colors For dark. Green. Suckers. Crawfish. Spinnerbaits. Purple top with Silver sides Black top with White sides All Silver Chrome or White Structure Orientated Forage: Perch. chrome. Dark Green top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Firetiger ) Blue top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Parrot ) Orange top & sides Chartreuse belly (Hot Tiger ) Red Head Chartreuse Body ( Clown ) Fishing Spinners InLine. Smelt Black. Blue. In building your lure assortment the best is to mimic the dominant forage in the waters your fishing. The above photo shows lures that imitate each type. amphibians and insects. water snakes.All you need to know about “FISHING” creating a dart and flash of the lure. painted. photo and holographic finishes. Other than baitfish they will also feed on crawfish. prism. foil.
Inline 7. Darseet Garasia Page 74 . Understanding Blade Styles The main fish attracting component of a spinner is the blade. These are good for fast retrieves in swift conditions. some models have multiple blades that are attached on the upper arm using a clevis and a bead stop. The Indiana.All you need to know about “FISHING” Spinners refers to a family of fishing lures that have a metal shaped blade(s) attached to the wire of the lure. When the lure is in motion the blade spins creating varying degrees of flash and vibration that mimics small fish. Spinners are relatively easy to use. most all inline spinners have a weight on the wire to make the spinner heavy enough to cast.Indiana 3. in dark or murky water they will use their lateral-line to feel the vibration from the turning blade. Spinners will catch all types of game fish. Third are buzzbaits.Willow From the image above the Colorado will run the highest in the water producing the most vibration. Fish can see the flash of the revolving blade in clear or stained water. In using spinnerbait’s the willow blade is a good choice around vegetation and cover as they revolve tight to the upper arm catching less floating debris and weeds. The type of blade and shape will determine the depth and sound (the thump) of a spinner upon retrieve. and when a fish strikes a spinner usually it will usually hook itself. they are similar to a spinnerbait or a inline spinner but have a specially designed rotating propeller for surface fishing.Turtle Back 5. this spinner is shaped like an open safety pin. They will have a lead head molded on the lower arm and a spinner attached on the upper arm using a swivel. Second are spinnerbaits. A broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the wire shaft producing a lift and thump compared to a narrow willow blade which will run tighter to the shaft and spin faster producing less sound. The Inline and Willow run the deepest as they spin tightest to the wire shaft. Fluted. Spinners have four basic designs.Colorado 2. Fourth are live bait spinners that use night crawlers or minnows on a hook or a series of hooks with a spinner blade in front of the live bait.French 6. first is the standard inline that have a blade or blades that rotate around a straight wire using a clevis. Turtle Back and French are intermediate styles running at mid range depth levels used for slow to medium retrieves in light river current or lakes. and deeper water presentations.Indiana Fluted 4. 1. they will catch fish with a simple straight retrieve. All blades have a different amount of resistance as it travels through the water.
Soft plastics are also used on traditional dressed spinners tails to change the appearance. Other options are soft plastic tail dressings such as an imitation minnow or tailed grub. and incandescent colors. squirrel tails and "marabou" from chickens) with a few feathers as attractors especially red. Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spinners and how they are used: Darseet Garasia Page 75 . the most common are metallic hues with silver. Spinner Tails. Painted blades flash less but create more underwater contrast. Depending on personal preferences and fishing conditions many anglers prefer to use an undressed spinner for speed and depth relying on the blade flash and vibration as the only attractors. With the advancement of synthetics materials such as flashabou and silicone skirts adds a fluttering flash in different incandescent or solid colors increasing the total flash profile of the spinner. Blade Colors There are countless blade finishes. Multiple Bladed Spinners Many of the spinners today offer double blade options. The dressed tail also provides lift and resistance enabling the angler to retrieve the lure at a slower rate. The larger the blade size the more water resistance and vibration when compared to the same shape in a smaller version. Spinnerbaits that have 2 blades in "tandem" provide more flash which gives the image of schools of bait fish. They can be particularly effective during low-light conditions or in murkier water. size 3-4-5 for bass and pike up to the 7-8 for muskies along with the new popular magnum 10. these are known as trailers. metal flakes. Spinner bait skirts over the years also evolved from the solid living rubber colors to silicone skirts because of all the available molded-in patterns. colors and combinations for spinners today on the market. The inline spinner that has two blades is commonly referred as a bulger which rides high in the water even breaking (bulging) the surface when retrieved rapidly. gold and copper which provides a flash to sight-feeding predators in clear or stained water. the smallest for stream trout spinners. profile and action of the lure. Skirts and Dressings Tying materials to the tail of a inline spinner or silicone skirts on spinner baits adds a realistic appearance and increases the profile of the lure as it swims through the water.All you need to know about “FISHING” Blade Sizes The sizes of spinner blades are based on a numerical system starting with 0 or 0/0. Years back traditional hook dressings on spinners have been animal hair (deer hair.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Types of Spinners: Inline
The traditional inline spinner shown in three variations (Top) French Blade Dressed Deer Hair Tail (Middle) French Blade Plain Undressed (Bottom) Willow Blade Soft Plastic Imitation Minnow Tail. Double Bladed Inline
By combining two blades together adds vibration and lift upon the retrieve for shallow water. Shown with double Colorado blades and marabou tail that pulses in the water, also known as a "Bulger" Flash Inline
All you need to know about “FISHING”
With the popularity of synthetic material used for spinner tails adds additional flash to the profile (body) of the lure. The top is tied with flashabou (tinsel) the bottom is a round silicone glitter skirt, both tails pulsates and sparkle upon the retrieve Magnum Double Blade Inline
Similar to the double bladed inline only with larger spinner blades (size 9-13) providing maximum vibration and lift. Very popular lure for muskies. Spinnerbaits
Versatility is what spinnerbaits are all about. With the open safety pin, weighted head and single hook design that runs vertical, it can be fished in and through vegetation (weedless) Slow rolled over cover, allowing it to sink, the blades will helicopter down to deeper water. Used for all gamefish.
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A beefed up version of the spinner bait for big pike and muskies. The magnum spinner bait comes in 1 oz and up to 6 oz’s using large blades for increased vibration and large body profiles for big fish. Buzzbaits
Buzzbaits resemble either a standard spinnerbait or inline spinner with the exception of a rotating propeller blade replacing a flat blade. Buzzbaits are a topwater spinner and must be retrieved rapidly to produce a loud clacking sound as they move across the surface. Excellent lure for bass and pike.
for trolling of drifting. forged or molded from brass. this spinner is cast and retrieved. Thin spoons used for trolling have an erratic wobble compared to thick spoons but thick spoons have advantages as well. the extra weight casts better. The action of a spoon is based on it's shape and thickness. lead. concave on one side that catches water producing a wobble and light reflecting flash imitating a fleeing or crippled bait fish. largemouth bass. Spoons are a simple design. salmon and trout. There are five types of spoons: Casting. Spoons work best for larger predators such as northern pike. jigging and the surface spoon. these produce an effective fish catching combination for most all species of game fish. walleye. copper. The (top) is a weight forward spinner that is tipped with a night crawler. Because spoons appeal mainly to the sense of sight they work best on clear or lightly stained water conditions. A single hook version is also used for minnows. Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front. The (bottom) is a strip on an old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner. The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop. muskies. trolling.All you need to know about “FISHING” Live Bait Spinners By combining the vibration and flash of a spinner blade and the attraction of live bait. The long standing popularity of spoons results from ease of use as a fish usually will hook itself when it grabs a spoon. an oblong shape. this spinner is rigged on bottom bouncers and sliding sinker rigs. Spoons are stamped. plastic or wood. A deep concave spoon will also produce a wider wobble than a flatter spoon. primarily used on the Great Lakes for walleyes also known as the trade name erie dearie. Some spoons have a hammered or rippled finish that transmits light in multiple directions such as baitfish scales scatter light. The (middle) is a crawler harness with multiple hooks (2 or 3) and is also tipped with a night crawler. A long spoon will display a wider side to side wobble than a shorter spoon. sinks faster and will run deeper than thinner spoons. steel. Most are painted on one side with a polished metallic surface on at other side to reflect the sunlight making the spoon visible. Darseet Garasia Page 79 . Fishing Spoons The metal fishing spoon lure was believed to be first used back in the 1840's. weedless.
Spoon Attractors The main fish attracting component on a spoon is the flash. In selecting spoon colors to build your tackle assortment. Ultra sensitive. firetiger with brass back or orange/yellow and nickel combinations. blue or green hues to mimic the forage of alewives. Trailers: For added color and profile Feathers / Tied Tail / Soft Plastic or Pork Rind. Spoons & Leaders Anglers using casting. holographic. Rod Action with Spoons Dependent on the species you're targeting. Both will work better without too much play at the lure line connection. you should experiment to find the precise speed for each spoon to perform its best. small spoons for stream trout.This allows freedom of movement for the spoon and will keep the fishing line twist to a minimum. and smelt. Spoon Colors If you ever had the opportunity to open Grand Pa’s old metal tackle box it would be safe to say you would find quite a few of the traditional red and white casting spoons that where popular back in the 1940’s . Flippers: A small oblong piece of plastic (red or yellow) for added color attached on the split ring and hook. If you're going to fish an unfamiliar water system and spoons are a part of your lure selection. if fished too slow or too fast the spoon will not wobble properly. Following the same path as crank bait lure companies spoon manufactures have over the years introduced hundreds of new colors patterns and finishes using prism. black and white with nickel back. For trolling spoons on the Great Lakes the universal best color is all silver or gold with including combinations of purple. yellow five of diamonds in red with brass back. they are: Clickers: Two small willow spinners on split rings located the end of spoon for vibration and noise. For casting spoons in clear or slighty stained water the classic colors of red and white with nickel back. When casting a spoon anglers will cast 10 to 20 feet beyond the area they believe the fish are and retrieve through the strike zone. pike and salmon or vertical jigging for walleyes the preferred choice when casting/jigging spoons is a stiff tipped fast action rod. Each body of water or river system fish will have a tendency to favor a specific color. larger spoons for bass. For flat line trolling from behind a boat the speed and amount of line out should be the main consideration.All you need to know about “FISHING” When casting or trolling a spoon the speed is critical for success.gold/brass are your best bet. the choices can be overwhelming but some colors have been tried and true over the years. some spoons have additional attractors placed on the spoon or are added by the angler. Many Charter Captains on the Great Lakes use spoons as their main lure presentation and usually have a couple hundred on board in multiple color patterns (some with creative color names) and size variations to accommodate all fishing conditions. For surface and jigging spoons the best is to tie directly to the eyelet or snap. Your success in using spoons is to immediately set the hook upon feeling a fish bite. On stained or darker water use. ciscoes. glow and glitter all to enhance vibrant colors and flash of spoons. Darseet Garasia Page 80 .50’s. and combinations of nickel/silver . weedless or trolling spoons should attach their lines via a leader with a ball bearing swivel and snap or a combination snap ball bearing swivel. soft action rods are not recommended as they do not telegraph the fish strike as quickly a fast action rod will accomplish. as well as in using depth control rigging such as downriggers and dipsey divers. it would be best to do research with local guides or the fishing pro shop for that lake or river.
wood and logs. walleyes and pike. All display the distinctive back and forth wobble action as they run underwater based on their oval shaped cupped bodies. All casting spoons have either a treble or a single (siwash) hook attached with a spilt ring which allows the hook to swing freely as the spoon wobbles. pike and lake trout. They are designed to be fished using a depth control trolling system such as off a downrigger or diving plane.All you need to know about “FISHING” Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spoons and how they are used: Traditional Casting Spoons Stamped metal casting spoons are also known as Traditional or Canadian spoons. Trolling Spoons Trolling spoons are much thinner and lighter than casting spoons. Weedless Spoons When fishing in thick cover.. trout. The most popular sizes are 1/4-3/4 ounce used for bass. aquatic weeds. walleyes or other open water species. With the wide fluttering action they are an excellent lure choice for salmon. Casting spoon sizes range from ultra light 1/36 ounce for panfish up to over 3 ounces for big muskies. a typical 3" trolling spoon only weighs about a 1/8 ounce which makes them too light for casting. you can't beat using a weedless spoon to Darseet Garasia Page 81 .
Darseet Garasia Page 82 .All you need to know about “FISHING” provoke a fish strike. Most surface spoons are made from plastic's with a few in wood with having an added attractor. Jigging spoons are made of metal or tungsten. Upon a fish strike. never set the hook until you feel the pressure of the fish. pike and muskies will take refuge in thick cover. Jigging Spoons When you locate a deep water school of fish such as walleye or bass on your electronics. As with all surface lures fish have a tendency to miss the lure. The best tackle for jigging spoons is low stretch line of 12-20 lbs with a medium to medium heavy fast action rod. but keep in mind many strikes happen on the fall of the jigging spoon as well. then set the hook. are flat. large predator fish like bass. Keep awatch on your line as it falls. They are designed to get down quickly reaching the deep water holding fish. Weedless spoons come in 1/4 ounce up to 11/8 ounce. keep the lure moving even if the fish misses usually they will come back to strike again. if it stops or twitches set the hook. Most feature a single hook design welded on the body with a wire guard to prevent most snags. Try twitching and pausing letting the spoon settle into open holes. When fishing surface spoons point the rod tip directly at the spoon whether you're retrieving straight or using a jerk pause method. one of the best presentations to reach them is vertically jigging. When cast over heavy matted vegetation the spoon floats with the hook riding upward avoiding being caught up on snags. Or straight retrieve over and through the cover. Tip the hook with a trailer for added attraction using a soft plastic grub or pork rind. Surface Spoons When conditions are right during the summer months. mainly rubber skirts. Experiment with different retrieve methods. When fishing jigging spoons all of the action is applied by the angler using short jerks to encourage strikes. This is an ideal situation for using surface spoons. thick and heavy and flash when jigged.
fluorescent. short shank hooks are mainly used for live minnows. Another popular metal material for weighting jig heads is tungsten. Your selection should be based Darseet Garasia Page 83 . 1/8. the bend in the hook will determine the eye placement on the jig and how it rides through the water. clear. Jig Colors When choosing jig head colors one must consider the fishing conditions and type of water. metallic. Jig Weights The main consideration when selecting which jig to use is its weight. 3/8. 1/4. white.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Jigs Many pro anglers feel jigs are the most versatile and productive of all artificial lures. tubes. In stocking your jig box start out with handful of basic colors: black. colors and weights. The hook shank length has varying applications. brown. Hook wire diameter is also a consideration. Jig Hooks The most common hooks used on jigs are the strong wire O'Shaughnessy or light wire Aberdeen. Jigs. Jig heads are available in natural. with fluorescent chartreuse.orange and glow for dark water. Color of jig hooks includes bronze. each for a specific fishing presentation from the smallest at 1/100th oz for ice fishing up to 2oz for Stripers and Muskies. which is heavier than lead and environmentally friendly. Strong wire hooks perform well in weedy and rocky areas for bass and northern pike when you need to horse a fish out from cover. pink and red for clear to stained water. living rubber and silicone skirts. light wire hooks are often used in fishing around brush piles and cribs as they will bend and pull free when snagged. The most common weight sizes for inland freshwater fishing are 1/64. Barbed collars have a small hook to attach and hold soft plastic baits stopping them from sliding down the hook other collar designs include screw locks or wire holders to hold plastic baits. Jigs are a rather simple design and come in wide selection of shapes. They will work for a wide variety of species in almost any type of conditions. 1/16. with the most recent popular color red marketed as blood or bleeding hooks. Jig Collars The jig collar is positioned directly behind the jig head. A jig hook is bent on the shank before the eye about 60 to 90 degrees. tinsel. yellow. two tone and glow finishes. with the exception of floating jigs. Straight collars are used to tie dressings or attach on the jig such as hair. stained or dark. longer shank hooks are favored for rigging soft-plastic grubs. worm or lizard bodies. Experiment and try various colors until you find the color choice for the day. Most jig heads are made of lead which gives the lure its weight. and 3/4 ounces. black and gold. they're also a good choice when fishing for Panfish and crappies with soft mouths as the light wire will penetrate quickly upon the hook set. feathers. 1/2. 1/32. green. are weighted by melting a metal substance into a liquid and pouring it in a mold which shapes the head and collar.
minnows and amphibians.1/8 oz.1 1/2 oz.1/4 oz Walleyes and Bass 1/16 . feathers. A suggested jig weight guide line per species: Panfish and Crappies 1/32 . River Trout and Salmon 1/16. Northern Pike and Muskies 3/4 . Wind also has the same affect as fast currents. A widely used addition to the bass jig is a split tail trailer to replicate claws of a crawfish. by increasing the water resistance on the line and lure. tinsel.1 . Darseet Garasia Page 84 . the heavier weights are used cover fishing largemouths in weeds and for flipping (an underhand toss of the jig to a specific area). As the jig enters the water the dressing pulsates upon the drop and will quiver as the jig is hopped along the bottom.1/8 .1/8 .1/16 . Bass jigs will feature a low profile stand-up head design from 1/8 oz to 3/4 oz. Your jig must be heavy enough to reach the desired depth. If you're fishing in fast current such as rivers additional weight is required to reach the bottom. Lake Trout and Stripers 3/4 . Here are some common type of dressed jigs: Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of jigs and how they are used: Bass Jigs These are also known as flipping jigs and are a very popular lure for largemouth and small mouth bass. they're becoming the popular choice with many anglers. leeches. With the many advancements of colors and impregnated scents in soft plastics today.2 oz. the lighter weights are excellent for finesse fishing smallmouths.1 . As a general rule use 1/8 oz for every 10 feet of water. The body dressing is usually a silicone or living rubber skirt with some tied with hair. silicone or rubber skirts to the molded hook shank. Until recently the use of pork rind were the standard trailer thus the phrase "Jig & Pig" was born. Most all bass jigs will have some type of weed guard (strands of fiber or plastic) along with an internal rattle. When on the water the same steps should be taken with considering water current speed and wind velocity while fishing. but not so heavy that it sinks too rapidly. soft plastic.All you need to know about “FISHING” on type of fish and water depth.1/2 oz.3/8 .1 1/2 . Fish prefer a slow drifting down bait than one that just plummets toward the bottom. Jigs Dressed Many jigs are dressed by adding hair. which make it more difficult to reach the desired depth. it adds bulk and profile reducing the sink rate in replicating forage such as crawfish.
All you need to know about “FISHING” Tied Dressing Jigs Depending on their size dressed jigs can be used for most all species including: panfish. Rigging techniques for live bait are simple. straight retrieved or trolled the tail vibrations resembles a baitfish. worms and leeches through the head or snout. By far the most used when fishing a jig and plastic combination is the curly tail grub. northern pike. scents. Darseet Garasia Page 85 . minnows. Live Bait Jigs Fishing with live bait jigged slowly at times of the year can be a deadly presentation especially when the water temperature is colder and the fishes metabolic rate reduces making them reluctant to chase faster moving lures. shapes to types: grubs. mylar and tinsel which provides a mimicking life like action in the water of minnows and other aquatic life. when using a split tailed grub or tube hopped along the bottom with short snaps replicates a crawfish. worms. stripers. tubes. The dressing material is tied to the jig collar to form a body they include: bucktail hair. Jigs tipped with reaper flat tail will imitate a leech swimming through the water. Recently many new soft plastic baits have evolved by incorporating the jig head into the body of the bait. With these new soft plastic baits life like patterns and holographic colors have been introduced to imitate the realistic look and flash of baitfish. bass. crappies. walleyes. making the bait feel more natural when the fish strikes. and lake trout. The subtle action of a paddle tail on minnow bodies mimics a baitfish when retrieved. reapers. lizards. This presentation will be successful for any freshwater game fish. Dressed jigs also holds fish scent well and can be tipped with live bait as an added attractant. marabou. Soft Plastic Dressed Jigs Fishing with soft plastic jigs bodies gives the angler countless choices of options from colors. crawfish. leeches and minnow bodies. always hook the bait.
the guard prevents getting snagged on weeds and brush. Floating Jigs As the name of this jig implies they float. For using live minnows the preferred choice is a short shank round and floating head with the option of a stinger hook attachment for short striking fish.All you need to know about “FISHING” Jigs designed for live bait have no collar hook required to hold soft plastic's. The hook guard is made of trimable plastic bristles. propeller. wire or a plastic V shape and are anchored in the jig head facing upwards towards and covering the hook point allowing the jig to ride over and through underwater obstructions. stand up floating and weedless. reel. line and jig) is Darseet Garasia Page 86 . Weedless Jigs Weedless jigs are an excellent choice when fishing live bait in cover. wobble. both require using weights or a form of rigging such as: sliding sinker. Floating jigs are used for live bait and are a great choice when presenting the bait just off the bottom on lakes and rivers. Fishing with Jigs Jigs can be a highly effective fishing presentation when the proper set-up (rod. swimming. Floating jigs come in two types hard bodied and soft bodied. bottom bouncer or simple split shot rig. Other live bait jig options are spinner blades mounted underneath the head to produce added vibration and flash. they include: Round head.
when a fish strikes the lure and hooks itself. Suggested Rod & Reel Set-ups Panfish (Bluegills Crappies and Perch) Ultra light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 2-4lb test line Walleyes Light to medium light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 4-6lb test line Bass (Finesse) Medium light to medium spinning action rod and reel spooled with 8-10lb test line (Heavy Cover) Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-17lb test line Northern Pike Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-20lb test line Darseet Garasia Page 87 . a jig bite most often is very light as the fish inhales the bait usually on the fall when the jig is settling towards the bottom. To optimize the visual of fishing line jig fisherman prefer to use fluorescent colored line over clear monofilament and wear polarized sunglasses improving the line visibility even more. This will help you feel the bite on the retrieve or when the jig is sinking by keeping the line taut. when the jig sinks they watch the line for any subtle twitches signaling a strike or if the line stops indicating a fish is moving upward with the jig. Many expert anglers use the fishing line as a strike indicator. To detect strikes more easily jigs should be fished with stiff (fast action) sensitive rod with enough flex to cast your jig along with using the lightest possible line for the species and fishing conditions. Unlike a spoon or inline spinner.All you need to know about “FISHING” used.
Soft plastic’s will hold scents much longer than hard bodied lures that wash off quickly. catalog pages for online and print buyers guides. web feet and feelers on amphibians. Another is scents. For muskies that have the largest plastic’s up to and over 1lb use heavy to extra heavy bait casting gear spooled with 50 to 80lb low stretch abrasion resistance braided line. and flavors. but yet the hook will penetrate through the soft bait when you set the hook. the point can be buried into the body of the bait where it cannot snag underwater obstructions such as dense weeds. Other significant details of soft baits today in manufacturing is to add life like realistic features like crescent rings on worms and grubs. brush and logs. As a reference listed below are a few of the most commonly used soft plastics in order to help you identify each type. scents. they can be treated with bottled-paste attractants or purchase them already molded in. layered colors. Darseet Garasia Page 88 . When a fish strikes a soft plastic bait it feels natural so fish will mouth it longer giving the angler extra time to set the hook. baitfish. During the bait making process additional ingredients can be added to appeal to the fish’s senses such as. grub.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Soft Plastics The evolution of soft plastic baits has greatly advanced over the years virtually giving anglers a wide variety and selection for all game fish. In making soft bait’s the plastic is heated into a liquid form then poured in a mold to replicate the shape. worm. floating claws on crawfish. The popular use by anglers of soft plastics has skyrocketed over the years by the increased number of new products introduced annually by lure companies this is evident with fishing tackle pro shops in store displays. Species such as walleyes and smallmouth bass with a mid sized plastic’s use a medium light to medium spinning gear with 6-8lb test monofilament. holographic and translucent flash on shad and minnow baits replicating the scales of baitfish. Many rod manufactures specializes in making powerful fast action rods dedicated for soft plastic fishing. and insects. lizard. rocks. metal flakes. In using larger plastic’s with hooks buried into the bait that requires a strong hook set for large mouth bass and northern pike use medium to medium heavy bait casting gear spooled with 14 to 20lb test low stretch monofilament line. frogs. Other benefits in fishing with soft plastics are rigging the hook. Soft plastics offer many advantages over hard bodied lures such as crank baits and spoons that does not have the soft texture as real food. crawfish. Fishing set-ups with Soft Plastic’s In casting or vertical jigging the smallest soft plastic lures for panfish and crappies use ultra light spinning gear spooled with 4-6lb test monofilament.
ribbed or smooth) affecting the sink rate and the tail (ribbon. Grubs Fishing with soft plastic grubs has been a longtime favorite among anglers for all species. paddle tail. there are two options pre-rigged with a hook or series of hooks. Worms come in sizes from a few inches for trout and panfish up to 12 inches for bass and pike. The most common use for grubs is tipped on a jig. crawfish. twister. Grubs are also popular to fish using a drop shot rig. or straight tails for various actions. Grubs. Grubs come in various lengths from 1" up to 12" and hundreds of colors combinations. combined with single curly tail. paddle. Darseet Garasia Page 89 . In rigging a worm. split shot rig and Carolina rigs. The main fish attracting action components of worms are the texture (ringed. double curly split tail. lizards. jerk worms. or using a Texas rig the most common. or as a trailer on a inline spinners and spinner baits. Carolina rig. wacky rig and the drop shot rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” Worms The invention of the plastic worm spawned more variations of soft plastic baits than any other in fishing lure history. or straight) which provides vibrations when the worm is moved. Grubs are composed of soft plastic round body either ringed. ribbed or smooth. The types ( floating and sinking) and the colors of worms made today are in hundreds of thousands with the multitude of color variations and scents. tubes. swim/baitfish all where developed based on the introduction of the soft plastic worm technology back in 1949 by a Ohio luremaker.
Usually the smaller the better. The main body is usually smooth but some have a ribbed exterior. Upon casting a tube it will display a spiral action on the fall with the tentacles undulating providing a injured baitfish look. Fishing soft plastic baitfish imitations are a excellent choice jigged along the bottom or brought in on a straight retrieve. The interior hollow design works well with holding liquid or paste scents. Tubes Tubes are rounded hollow soft plastic bodied bait open ended with a series of tentacles on the base. or on a drop shot rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” Baitfish Soft plastic baitfish come in numerous sizes and colors to mimic forage fish. Many soft plastic baitfish baits feature a paddle tail that wiggles when retrieved. in jigging the tube off the bottom it will appear as a crawfish imitation especially good for feeding smallmouth bass. Most often tubes are rigged using a weighted tube jig placed within the tube’s body or to make a tube weedless anglers use a wide gap hook threading it through the nose and securing the hook into the body on the outer wall of the tube. Carolina Rig. Darseet Garasia Page 90 . Tubes range in sizes from 1"-2" for crappies and panfish 3"-6" for largemouth and smallmouth bass up to 14" for big pike and muskies. Determine what baitfish are in the waters you’re fishing and select a profile size and color to match. but others have curly tails and forked tails that give them swimming action. Tubes can be rigged as bait using a Texas Rig. for a natural presentation.
Crawfish soft plastic’s are available from craw trailers to the highly detailed featuring pinchers. as bass absolutely hate lizards. smooth. ribbed. The most common fishing techniques are similar to fishing plastic worms. using Texas and Carolina rigs or tipped on a jig for flipping and pitching. antennae. Darseet Garasia Page 91 . floating and sinking. Various lizards have a reputation as bass bed robbers. Lizards come is a wide variety of colors. Lizards Fishing with a lizard in the early season especially during the bass spawn is particularly effective. they will raid a nest and eat the bass eggs even before the bass guardian has a chance to react. legs. scents. The main feature of a imitation crawfish is the pinchers when tipped on a jig it gives the bait a realistic defensive posture by raising it's claws that sends bass a signal to feed. abdomen and tail.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crawfish The soft plastic crawfish or crawdad is a deadly on bass when presented along rocky bottom area’s.
Most anglers rig a leech/reaper tipped on a jig head inserting the hook through the head or use a split shot rig and a single hook. they feel natural with their soft spongy body. Reapers are a good bait to use on waters that receive a high amount of angling pressure. Frogs Using a floating soft plastic frog around the lily pads for bass is exhilarating as the bass comes out of the water and engulfs your lure. but can be enticed by a easy meal. The best fishing tip we can offer while using a top water frog is fish slow. they are weedless with the hooks positioned against the body. The sizes start from 3" for walleye and bass up to 12" for pike and muskies. so the bass will hang on to the lure longer giving more time for the angler to set the hook. Darseet Garasia Page 92 . then let the frog sit for a few seconds and repeat. rounded head and body leading to a soft thin membrane sides. Summertime bass laying in the weeds aren’t active most of the time. The smaller reapers resemble a leech while the larger reapers mimic baitfish. The advantages of soft-plastic surface frogs are. After a cast let the frog sit until the ripples subside now pop or twitch the frog once or twice. To change up the presentation upon reaching weed pocket or opening let the frog sit and just barely twitch the frog so just the legs quiver.All you need to know about “FISHING” Leeches & Reapers Leeches and reapers are a basic variation of a soft plastic grub.
Darseet Garasia Page 93 . This spawned a revolution in the 1990’s regarding the soft plastic lure market as larger companies began taking notice and adding larger soft plastic baits to there product line. That changed in the 1980’s when small basement lure companies started producing larger soft plastic lures designed for pike and muskies. combinations of hard bodied soft tail baits. some even weighing 1 lb and 15 inches in length. Today there are hundreds of variations.All you need to know about “FISHING” Magnum From the 1950’s through the 1970’s the soft plastic bait industry was focused on worms and grubs used for bass. Fishing with super sized soft plastic’s opened a new chapter and presentation for pike and muskies anglers through out the world. colors.
It only takes a few necessary minutes to ensure proper care and storage. you'll be able to get started with no problems. Rust on hooks diminishes the strength of the hook and reduces the sharpness. let the lures dry and replace. If you’re caught in rain and have puddles on water in the box remove all tackle. consider the purchase of expensive fishing lures and gear as an investment. We have witnessed the unfortunate experience of anglers lack of maintenance and care of their tackle only to find the condition poor and unusable upon a preparation for a trip or on the water.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Tackle Boxes for Storage When people think of sport fishing. baits and terminal tackle in one easy-to-find location will enable you to become a more efficient angler. Today. Darseet Garasia Page 94 . rusty hooks also stains the beautiful paint finish of lures. Having an organized tackle box is as important fishing tool as you’re rod and reel set-up. Organize all of your lures. Hang the wet inline spinners with hair or hard baits on the side of the box to dry. spinner bait. but if you stick to the basics. as many of today’s soft baits come with scents impregnated into there bodies. When using soft baits for trailers ( a soft bait attached to a hook on a inline spinner. leaving the beginning angler a vast array of choices in finding one which is right for them. tackle boxes and soft bags come in every size and shape imaginable. Soft Plastics and Biodegradable Baits: With the popularity of fishing with soft plastics and biodegradable baits we recommend for storing use the containers or bags they were sold in. sun or a chemical reaction have a tendency to melt on the hook affecting the paint of a spoon or the dressing on a spinner or jig. In the decision process of which tackle box suits you’re needs. reels. lures. and live bait. Biodegradable baits if left on will shrink onto the hook the has to be cutoff. which requires proper care and storage to be used for years to come. Starting you’re tackle box can seem challenging. dressed jig or a spoon) remove after use. they automatically think of rods. Soft plastics through heat. wipe out all water. Follow these storage maintenance quick steps to ensure that your gear will be ready to go again when you are: Air Out the Tackle Box Upon return from a fishing trip open the tackle box allowing the lures to dry.
and split rings on lures. Fishing Tackle Box Types There are numerous kinds of tackle boxes. hook sharpener and extra reels or line spools when the need occurs. A large drawer type or hanging box is best suited for a boat where as the soft sided carry all is best used for shoreline river fisherman or fly-in trips. A tackle box should be able to handle the wear and tear of fishing and be strong. ventilation and water drainage ports to remove any water that snuck in.All you need to know about “FISHING” Off Season Tips It is a wise practice every year before the new fishing season or you’re first trip to re-spool new fishing line and grease the reels. Fishing Tackle Box Features In selecting a tackle box. Most tackle boxes are made of materials that is water resistance. consider these aspects before buying: Size 1. dock or in the water. Water Resistance 3. After organizing you’re tackle box the last thing you don’t want is the box opening on you spilling your tackle and lures out on the boat. or shoreline. go through and organize the terminal tackle. Some of the higher priced tackle boxes come with watertight covers. Over time you will build a collection of successful lures learning what methods and presentations work for each species of fish. Durability 2. each having its own special advantages and design features. weight and mobility should be a factor. Consider having a extra storage area for gear other than lures. It’s also time to wipe clean and organize the tackle box. make sure it closes tight. Any moisture left unchecked can create mold and rust on the hooks. It’s nice to have and you don’t forget the release tools (pliers. from a boat. Here is a description of the most common types of tackle boxes Darseet Garasia Page 95 . Extra Space 4. sinkers and bobbers. Check to see where the box closes and if water can still in. Time to add new lures you heard or read about for the upcoming season as well. The size and function of your tackle box should largely depend on your intended use. Once you start to enjoy fishing more regularly. When buying a new box test the latch. Tackle boxes with metal latches hold better than all plastic. leaders and terminal tackle etc. The other consideration is where you fish. Replace any rusty hooks. Muskie and Northern Pike fisherman will require a larger box to hold lure from 6 inches and up. hooks. you will find out the most productive lures and the one’s that are not. jaw spreaders and bolt cutters) as well as head lamps for night fishing. while panfish anglers require a smaller box to hold terminal tackle and smaller lures.
Hip-roofed boxes provides a large amount of organized storage with multiple compartmented trays giving the angler easy access and visibility to their tackle once opened. Dependent on the size the lower half of the trunk-tray box generally is deep enough for extra storage. Hip-Roof Type Box: The hip-roof type of box is a modified trunk-tray box. Many anglers use the hip-roof tackle box as their home storage and use smaller trunk tray boxes for day trips. Trunk tray boxes are usually smaller. fit well into limited areas and are light weight allowing the angler mobility and quick access to there gear and lures. Many anglers own several of these types set-up for species specific fishing presentations. This box has a long hinge cover when opened one two or three trays that accordion outward over the lid which lays flat. Darseet Garasia Page 96 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Trunk-Tray Type Box: The trunk type tray box is the most popular and is usually the first anglers box or received as a gift. However for long trips or if you wish to take along you’re complete tackle selection the hip roof box are great. when opened both sides have tackle trays that also accordion outward leaving a large bottom compartment for additional storage.
They make excellent tackle boxes in putting together separate lures and gear for a day on a lake or river trips. flashers and dipsey divers) hook sharpeners.to two-sided openers. and have smaller specialty utility boxes for day to day trips. drawers can be identified by lure type so you know before opening the drawer. it sits vertically and the drawers slide out. trolling tools (dodgers. The see through sides allow you to identify lures instantly. From organizing your tackle. Satchels are versatile from small lightweight models that carry a dozen of lures or panfish terminal tackle up to larger models that handle dozens of larger lures. Darseet Garasia Page 97 . flashlights etc… As with all large tackle boxes some anglers prefer to use the drawer type box as their home storage. release tools. Extra storage is a plus on drawer type boxes with a large cover storage or a single bottom drawer. Satchel Type Box: These briefcase type boxes come in a variety of styles and sizes. They also are good for wet weather fishing with the exception of opening the drawers everything will stay dry. where space is limited. for storing reels. from one.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drawer Type Box: Drawer type boxes are a good choice when fishing from a boat.
utility boxes can number anywhere from two to six or more. having six to eight will be more versatile for bass.All you need to know about “FISHING” Soft Side Type: Soft side bags are becoming the most popular tackle storage systems in the fishing world today. The design of hanging type box also works well for Great Lakes trolling spoons. this helps when carrying to the boat or along the shore. Make sure the shoulder straps are padded. Darseet Garasia Page 98 . pike and muskies. Check to see if the straps and handles have reinforced stitching providing toughness and strength. small portable over the shoulder carry on and boat seat slip over pedestal types. while two may work for panfish and crappies. waterproof and give the angle total flexibility to hold a variety of plastic utility boxes along with having numerous storage pockets for extra reels fishing tools and a camera. The hanging box are available from magnum boat boxes.Walleye crankbaits. They are lightweight. view color selection. tightly woven padded material or clear uv-resistant polycarbonate (Lexan). If you’re crappie fishing no need to take the pike or bass gear. eliminates tangled hooks and allows wet lures to dry. and with foam tubes inserts ideal for wrapping crawler harnesses. Bass spinnerbaits. A sturdy waterproof material is mandatory that resists punctures and tears. Now you can build component boxes per each species: panfish . The convenience that soft side bags offer the angler is take only the boxes you need for that day. The interior features a set of removable dividers or a grid of square compartments made of colored plastic or clear polycarbonate (Lexan) with slots to hang lures by the rear hook. The exterior case are available in waterproof plastic.bass & pike . live bait rigs or snells with storage for bottom bouncers and bait walkers. This makes it easy for easy access.trout and muskie and use the soft side bag as the carry-all. Depending on the dimensions of the bag. When making a decision to purchase a soft side bag bigger is better. Hanging Type Box: The hanging box has become popular by Muskie anglers as the box of choice for storing extra large lures.
publications as well as online fishing discussion forums. Angling Sport fishing for enjoyment. catching one fish at a time using a hook. articles. Algae A aquatic plant organism. phrases and terms used in written fishing reports. Adipose Fin A small fleshy fin on a salmon's back between the dorsal fin and the tail. All members of the salmon family have them. Adaptation Biological adjustments to the fish environment. Alkalinity Measurement of the percentage of acid neutralizing bases. Auger Used for ice fishing to drill holes through the ice. Anal Fin A single fin located beneath the tail near the vent. Darseet Garasia Page 99 . Augers come in gas powered or manual back power. A Active Fish Fish that are striking and feeding actively. Anti -Reverse Reel locking system that prevents back reeling. Aerator Powered air infusion pump adding oxygen to water. Alley Area’s in weed beds that lack weed growth.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Glossary We have assembled definitions on common and not so common types of fishing words. Angler Any person who fishes with a rod and reel or cane pole. Anadromous Fish that live most of their adult life in saltwater but spawn in freshwater.
Bar A lake structure consisting of a long hump or ridge. Darseet Garasia Page 100 . Bait Restrictions Limitations to the type of bait sport anglers may use. Barb The spur found on the point of fish hooks. Fly Reels Nylon or dacron line tied between the fly line and the reel to act as additional line if a longer length than the flyline is required to play a fish. food and reproduction area’s. Ball The weight attached to a downrigger cable for depth controlled trolling. Bite When a fish strikes or takes your bait / lure also known as a hit and strike. Bag Limit State Natural Resource Department set limit on number of game fish caught daily. Basic Fish Needs Security. Bail The metal semi circular bar located on a open faced spinning reel that retrieves fishing line. Bait Casting A type of reel mounted on the top of the rod with a level wind revolving spool. Bait Fish Main forage feed for game fish. Bay A shoreline major indentation on any type of water system. Backing Line Baitcasting / Trolling /Reels Monofilament line tied between dacron or the new super braided lines to prevent line slippage. Belly Roll A action using minnow or glider type lure by rolling exposing the belly flash.All you need to know about “FISHING” B Backlash Overrun of fishing line from reel spool when casting.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Blades Main fish attracting component found on inline spinners, spinner baits, buzz baits, tail spinners. Blade Baits Weighted flat metal lures used for vertical jigging. Blank Description for a unfinished fishing rod with out guides or handle. Bobber The bobber also known as a slip, cork or float serves two angling functions: A surface strike indicator and a controlled depth presentation using live bait or lure. Bobbin Tool for holding a spool of thread while tying flies, inline spinner and spinner bait tails which allows the thread to be dispensed with a controlled tension. Boga Grip Trade name for a fish landing, handling and weighting tool. Bottom Bouncer A fishing rig made of stiff metal wire with a weight and formed as a number 7. Used to present live bait or artificial lures on the bottom minimizing snagging on structure. Break / Break Line Description of abrupt change in depth, bottom type, weeds, or water clarity. Bream Term used for Bluegill / Sunfish. Bronzeback Term for Small Mouth Bass. Brushline The inside/outside edge of a brushpile. Brushpile Structure either manmade or by nature consists of downed trees, limbs and brush. Bucket mouth Term for Large Mouth Bass. Bucktail A inline spinner tied with Deer, Squirrel hair or Synthetic dressings on hook. Bulger Inline spinner with two blades also referred as twin blade and double blade. Bullet Weight A lead or steel slip sinker shaped as a bullet. Mainly used in front of soft plastic lures: worms, lizards and crawfish for bass.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”
Bumping The act of making contact using artificial lures such as crank baits or jigs on lake structure (logs/rocks) or the lake bottom to entice a strike. Buzzbait Similar to the spinner bait used on the surface with a propeller replacing the blade. Buzzing A type of fast or quick straight line retrieve, also called ripping, burning and bulging. Lures used buzz baits, spinner baits, inline spinners and surface lures.
Cabbage A common name for the submerged aquatic plant from the Potamogeton species. Carolina Rig A fishing rig used to present the lure on the bottom. The set-up is first a barrel slip weight typically ½ oz or more is threaded on the line then a swivel is tied as a weight stop, on the other end of the swivel a leader is tied from 16” to 34” to the lure. To add sound place a glass bead behind the weight before the swivel this will click upon the weight hitting the bead. Carrying Capacity The number of species a specific areas habitat can support. Catch and Release Sport angling for fish and releasing them back immediately. Some areas allow sport angling, but require release of fish, in these areas, specific types of tackle is required. Caudal Fin The tail fin. Channels The bed of a river or stream also found on flowages and impoundment lakes. Chromer Term used for steelhead or a rainbow trout. Chugger Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when pulled. Clarity Refers to the amount of visibility of viewing underwater objects or your lure. Cold Front Refers to a weather condition when a high clear sky front moves in dropping the temperature.
All you need to know about “FISHING”
Contact Point A term used to regarding any lake structure that provides fishing action. Such as a bar, rock pile or weed edge. Controlled Drift Known also as drift fishing, when a trolling motor, oars or drift sock is used to control a drift along structure or direction. Colors Term used for number of color segments of lead core line. Coontail A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Hornwort species. Count Down A fishing technique by counting down a lure to fish a specific depth. Count Down Lures Weighted lures than sink approximately one foot per second. Cove A small indentation on a shoreline. Cover General term used describing any type of lake structure natural or manmade that game fish relate too. Crankbait Refers to a minnow imitating lure with a diving lip or lipless. Creatures General term used for fishing with soft plastics imitating: Lizards, Crawfish, Water Dogs, Frogs and Tadpoles. Creel Fish basket or personal fish carrier used to carry fish when fishing on or near shore. Creeper Surface lure straight or jointed with metal wings mounted on sides that provides a unique plopping sound. Used on calm water. Crib A manmade underwater fish shelter, constructed from logs 6’ x 6’ square with brush inside. Placed on ice in winter for positioning. Crimp On Fastening sleeve used on steel and nylon leaders. Cross Lock A type of snap tied directly to fishing line or as a component on a leader.
by species. The dodger is flat attractor with bent edges that sways back and forth to mimic a feeding salmon. At the desired depth the reel is locked into place. Also known as a Fish finder. fly and inline spinner hook dressing to add flash and color. The fishing line from an independent rod is attached to the release mechanisms on the downrigger cable. Graph. you can drop the line down to the desired depth. D Dabbling A fishing technique in which the angler works the lure up and down “Dabbling” in the same spot for a period of time. Dipsy Diver The dipsy diver is a circular trolling diving device attached to the fishing line that will enable to send lures down to a set depth and out to the side of your boat. By lowering the weight (ball). A weight is attached to the end of the cable and the line release is attached to the weight. structure. The downrigger is a winch-type mechanism that feeds cable off a rotating reel through a guide system along an extension arm. inline spinner dressings to supply body and floatation. Darseet Garasia Page 104 . Flasher or LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). that can be caught in one day. Daily catch and possession limits Daily catch limits is the amount of fish. Deer Hair Body hair from deer which is used in many fly. Dodger A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crustacean ( Crayfish ) A aquatic animal with a segmented body and outer shell. Downrigger Used specifically for constant trolling depth. Crystal Flash Trade name for a synthetic stringy material used in many streamer. Possession limits refer to how many an angler may have in possession while in the field or during transport. A footage counter is connected to the reel unit to indicate the specific amount of cable that has been released. Disgorger A hook removing device that removes deeply embedded hooks from fish. and suspended fish. Depthfinder A electronic device using sonar that measures the depth of water. shows bottom type. weeds. Dorsal Fin The large single fin located along the back of fish.
animals. Also known as boat brakes. bacteria) interacting with one another forming a functioning whole. boat-positioners. and your surroundings. currentcompensators. Erie Dearie A trade name for a weight forward spinner blade with single hook using a night crawler. and the resulting increase in plant and algae. Drop Shot A fishing rig used primarily for bass fishing. Mainly used on Lake Erie. wind fighters. Drop Off A sudden vertical drop in water depth. Esox Term used for describing a Muskie / Musky. Darseet Garasia Page 105 . can freely exchange dissolved gases such as Oxygen. and sea anchors. Drift Sock Used for controlled drifting or trolling is in effect a underwater parachute when deployed slows the boat drift rate or trolling speed. Estuary The mouth of a river where fresh water meets and mixes with salt water. and eutrophic (very productive and fertile). plants. This water is turbulently mixed throughout at least some portion of the day and because of its exposure. The extent to which this process has occurred is reflected in a lake's trophic classification: oligotrophic (nutrient poor). The hook is usually 16 to 24 inches above the weight and hangs at 90 degrees with the hook point up rigged with soft plastic worms or grubs. mesotrophic (moderately productive). others. Ethics Personal code of conduct based on respect for one's self. Carbon Dioxide with the atmosphere. Epilimnion The upper. E Ecosystem A complex ecological community or environment that contains organisms (eg. A hook tied directly to the line using a palomar knot leaving a tag end for the bell weight attachment. wind-mixed layer of a thermally stratified lake. Eutrophication The process by which lakes and streams are enriched by nutrients.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drag A braking device on fishing reels that allow line to feed out preventing breakage when the reel is engaged playing a fish. Edge Effect Where two habitat types join together resulting in increased diversity for vegetation and wildlife.
Farm Pond Manmade body of water. Sunset. The flasher is flat attractor with bent edges that rotates 360 degrees to mimic a feeding salmon. Feeder Creek Tributary to a stream or river. F Fan Cast Systematic series of casts covering a specific area. Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid. The figure eight is drawing a sideways eight in the water with your rod tip. Fillet Removal of bones and skin from flesh of fish to prepare for cooking. Fish Hair Synthetic hair used in tying streamers and flies. Darseet Garasia Page 106 . Sunrise. Finesse Fishing A fishing technique by using very light tackle. Flipping A underhand casting technique placing a lure to a precise spot in a quite manner.All you need to know about “FISHING” Eyes Term used for describing a Walleye. Flat Lining A trolling presentation by releasing line and lure off the back of the boat. Fatheads A commercially sold minnow as live bait used for most gamefish. Figure 8 Technique used on triggering fish to bite upon the completion of a cast. Flasher A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. Flat Underwater area with lack of structure. Feeding Cycles / Times Best fishing times of the day or night associated with the positioning of the sun and moon and are related to a solunar chart for major and minor feeding periods.
Fly Great Lakes Fly’s Tied using synthetic materials for color and flash. Fly Fishing Fly’s and Streamers An artificial lure hand tied using natural animal hair and feathers to mimic insects. Darseet Garasia Page 107 . Typically used for dry fly fishing and shallow water nymphing.All you need to know about “FISHING” Flipping Stick A type of rod designed and used for flipping. Low lying area’s. existing lakes and rivers are generally used to develop a flowage. although dry shake crystals have recently been found on the market. Flowage A water system developed by the use of a dam for flood control. Used behind flashers and dodgers to represent salmon and trout forage. Used with a weight to present live bait off the bottom. Floatant Material applied to flies and leaders in order to cause them to float on the surface of the water. larva and other stream forage. Floss Material for tying flies. Fly Line A weighted line which is cast out onto the water to deliver the fly to the desired location. Can be found in many densities and tapers. Fly Casting The process of casting a fly line out onto the water. inline spinners as well spinner baits. Florida Rig Similar to a Texas rig for Bass with the weight attached (screwed on) to the lure Flashabou Commercial name for a colorful synthetic filament material used in fly tying for adding flash to streamers. Floating Line A fly line design to float on the surface of the water along its entire length. 7-8 feet long Float A term also for bobber. used as a strike indicator for live bait fishing. Floating Jig A jig hook wrapped with a floating material of hollow plastic or foam. Forceps A surgical tool used to remove hooks from fish. Typically sold in liquid or paste form.
minnows. crawfish. wind and barometric pressure. The GPS system make it possible for people with ground receivers to pinpoint their geographic location in any weather conditions. rain. as water flows across the gills the oxygen within them diffuses into the fishes blood and is carried though out of the body. As fish swim into the net they are caught on there gill plates. Full Core Ten colors or a full. Fry Life stage of fish still very young. 24 hours a day. Gear Ratio Measurement of number of times a reel spool revolves for each turn of the handle. Department of Defense. Gill Net A net either pulled behind a boat or set from shore with floats on top and weights on the bottom to make it hold it upright in the water. Gill Plate A bony protective flap that covers the gills. FOW Abbreviation for "feet of water. A glider travels through the water on a horizontal plane moving side to side by using a cadence pull retrieve. G Game Fish Fish that are fished for as sport and subject to regulations of take. frogs. There are no subscription fees or setup charges to use GPS. mayfly larve nymphs and zooplankton.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fluorocarbon A type on monofilament (clear) fishing line or leader material." Front Any weather system that has a effect in changing temperature.S. Forage Any type of indigenous food for game fish. Darseet Garasia Page 108 . GPS (GPS) Global Positioning System is a satellite-based navigation system made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit by the U. Gills The lungs of a fish. standard 100-yard spool of lead core line. anywhere in the world. Glider Term used to describe a Muskie / Northern Pike type minnow lipless lure.
Also called bolt cutters. Holographic Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape.All you need to know about “FISHING” Graph Term used to describe a paper recorded depth finder. shelter and space. Greaser A term used for a Lake Trout. or plain hooks. also helps separate fish and important structures on or near the bottom from the actual bottom. Grubs comes in hundreds of colors and shapes. Head Lamps A battery powered flashlight type attachment on your hat or headgear for night fishing. Hook Cutters Tool used to cut hooks from fish for releasing. water. Hook Hard wire formed into semi circle with sharpened point and barbed. Holding Area Term used for structure that habitually holds game fish. Hatchery A facility where fish and raised for stocking. Grubs A short soft plastic worm with a swimming/curlytail used on jigs. Honey Hole Term used for area that constantly produces fish. Hawg Term used for large fish. Half Core Five colors or "half" of a standard 100-yard spool of lead core trolling line. Darseet Garasia Page 109 . Grayline A depth finder feature that allows the angler to distinguish between hard and soft bottom content. H Habitat The area where organisms live. Must provide adequate food. Hard Mono A type of leader material made from monofilament line.
or fluctuations in water levels. their classification. Inactive Fish Game fish that are non feeding caused by weather / temperature changes. and most dense layer of a stratified lake. Mainly used for large game fish Muskie. Inline Spinner Straight wire lure with blade (s) a weighted body and hook dressed or undressed. structures. I Ichthyology Study of fish. brush pile or crib. Hypolimnion The bottom. downed tree. Hypothermia The rapid and abnormal chilling of the body.All you need to know about “FISHING” Horizontal Movement Distance of migrating fish movements remaining at the same depth. or region where it did not previously occur naturally. Darseet Garasia Page 110 . It is typically the coldest layer in the summer and warmest in the winter. Hump Underwater area higher than the surrounding area. habits and history. area. Invertebrate An animal without a backbone. Northern Pike. Isolated Structure Stand alone fish attracting structure can be a hump. J Jaw Spreaders A catch and release tool made from hard wire coiled to hold the mouth of a fish open in removing lures or hooks. Inside Bend Term for the inside curve of structure also called inside turn. It is isolated from wind mixing and typically too dark for much plant photosynthesis to occur. such as insects. Invasive Species A species is regarded as invasive if it has been introduced by human action to a location.
Lateral line A system of sense organs in fish: a series of pores or canals running along a line on each side of the body and on the head. Leader General The leader is the connection between the main fishing line and the lure. Ice and wave erosion. droughts and flooding. Jigs come plain undressed or dressed with hair. detects pressure changes. Larva Sub surface stage of development of an aquatic insect. Deep. Lake Zones Categories used to describing water zones: Shallow. nylon Darseet Garasia Page 111 . Soft plastic’s jerks are used primarily for bass. rubber skirts and soft plastic’s. Hard jerks are used for most all species including the larger jerk baits for Muskie and Northern Pike. in the water. Jointed Lures Any lure that has a single or multiple pieces that are joined together. L Lake Modifications Environmental elements on water systems that causes changes.All you need to know about “FISHING” Jerk Bait The name jerk bait refers to the retrieve the angler uses by short pulls or jerks. First and Second Break lines and Basin. Jig-N-Pig A bass lure using a jig dressed with a rubber skirt and a pork rind or plastic trailer attached to the hook to mimic a crayfish. Made from steel wire. Open Water. K Keeper Term used for game fish that exceeds the minimum set size limit. Laydowns A log or tree that has fallen into the water caused from beavers. Jig A hook with molded weight attached in lead or steel. marabou. including vibrations. erosion or wind. There are two categories of jerk baits soft plastic’s jerks and hard minnow type jerks.
Comes in 100/200 yard spools used for depth controlled trolling. Limiting Factor A biological limitation to a self-sustaining fish population. Lead Core Line Lead covered braided line colored every ten yards for metering purposes. Clip on and tension held are the most popular. Fly Fishing Section of line used between the flyline and the tippet. Live well Aerated storage compartments found on boats for keeping the caught fish alive.wire/nylon/mono and a swivel. Lipless Crankbaits Minnow or shad type lures. Logjam A collection of downed trees usually found by shore. but can be assembled by tying successively smaller diameter sections of monofilament. Leeches A commercially sold live bait known as ribbon leech not the blood sucking variety. Often purchased as a tapered section. Lotic Moving water systems such as streams and rivers. fishing line is attached directly to the lure. Action is a tight vibrating wobble. releases hold the fishing line until a strike from a fish. Darseet Garasia Page 112 .All you need to know about “FISHING” or heavy monofilament the purpose is to minimize bite off’s from game fish. The components of a leader is a snap . Line Guides Rod rings in which the line is held on a fishing rod. Light Intensity Refers to the amount of sunlight that can be measured at certain depths of the water column. Lentic Still water systems such as lakes and reservoirs Life Vest Personal floatation devices (PFD) to be worn while boating to keep person afloat if overboard. Lindy Rig Trade name for a popular live bait bottom rig using a walking sinker a line stop with a length of line attached to a hook or floating jig head. bays or backwaters on rivers caused by current. Line Releases Used on planer boards and downrigger weights. Used for most game fish when available during the fishing season. some have internal rattles.
on a stream. Minnow traps are baited with a sticky mix of oatmeal or cornmeal rolled into a golf-ballsized clump. Minnow Trap Minnow traps are cylindrical. Minimum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protect smaller fish. This layer contains the thermocline but is loosely defined depending on the shape of the temperature profile. Marabou used today comes from young turkey feathers dyed in many colors. a batterypowered aerator will keep bait alive all day. There are four phases of the lunar cycle. The first and second quarter of the moon is rated as good fishing. They work on the principle that a small fish will swim into the trap to find food and is unable to find the way out. Suspend the trap near a dock.All you need to know about “FISHING” Lunker Term used for large fish caught. the best is three days prior and after the new of full moon. Fish at or above stated size must be released. Known as a invasive plant species Mono Abbreviation for monofilament line. For solid bait buckets. Moon Phases Moon times or phases are considered by anglers best fishing times when the fish are feeding. Perforated floating bait buckets can be dropped over the side of a boat or dock to allow a constant flow of fresh water. Darseet Garasia Page 113 . double-ended wire or plastic mesh funnels that narrow in the middle. Lure Any artificial bait used to attract and catch fish. The ball slowly breaks up providing fresh bait for long periods. Fish not meeting the minimum size must be released. Maximum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protects larger fish. Migration Patterns Established patterns or paths that game fish use moving one area to another Minnow Bucket A metal or plastic live bait container for minnows. Metalimnion The middle or transitional zone between the well mixed epilimnion and the colder hypolimnion layers in a stratified lake. M Marabou Used for hook dressing on fly’s. Milfoil A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Myriophyllum species. or at the head of a pool where the current slows. inline spinners and spinner baits.
Their function is to help the fish stop and turn. P Paper Mouth A term for crappie. upon stopping the retrieve the bait will remain at that water level. Outside Bend Term for the outside curve of structure also called outside turn. Oxbow U shaped bend in a creek or river. Pattern A repetitive series of location and presentations that consistently produces fish. Darseet Garasia Page 114 . used on most game fish Neutrally Buoyant In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. landing fish. Nets Nets serve multiple purposes for fishing. Pegging Placing a tooth pick in slip weights in order to fasten to the line. Night Crawler A earth worm used as live bait.All you need to know about “FISHING” Mud Minnow A commercially sold minnow as live bait used on most game fish. O Off Color Refers to water color such as stained or dark water. N Night Bite Term for active fishing at night. bait nets and as floating live wells. Pectoral Fin The paired fins located just behind the gills along the abdomen.
Pitching A fishing technique by under handing a lure to a designated spot or area. water with less than 7 is acidic. Upon a fish strike the board will release to play the fish. Darseet Garasia Page 115 . They are attached to the fishing line by the use of a line release ( clip on / tension clip). Poppers Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when popped. Polarized Sunglasses Polarized sunglasses reduces glare from the sun and allows the angler to view into the water. Plankton Small or microscopic plants and animals that float or drift in great numbers especially at or near the surface. Using planer boards allows the angler to run mutltiple lines by planning the boards off each side of the boat. Used for flying fishing and bass. In purchasing a LCD depth finder the higher number of pixels the better screen resolution and clearer images. On Great Lakes rigging a single release is used and a snap. Pocket Small opening in weeds or indentation on a shoreline. planer boards are flat made from plastic or a dense floating foam with a beveled edge. PH A measurement for liquids to determine acidity or alkaline. Point A outcropping or finger of land projecting into a water system. Pit Old mine that filled with water. Planer Boards Used for trolling. and serve as food for fish and other larger game fish. arranged in rows and columns The pixels are so close together that they appear connected. Pixels Found on LCD liquid crystal depth finder display screens. Pick-Up Term for soft bite or lite hit from a game fish.All you need to know about “FISHING” PFD Abbreviation for Personal Floatation Device or Life Jacket. A rating of 0 to 14 is used. Polarized lenses may also react adversely with liquid crystal displays LCDs depth finders in reading the display screen. keeping the board on the line. A pixel is short for picture element a single point in a graphic image. PH Meter A meter to measure acidity or alkaline. They work on the principle blocking the horizontal polarized light reflections by the vertically oriented polarizers in the lenses. LCD’s display the water below by dividing the screen into thousands of pixels.
impoundment and flowages. An artificial reef is man made built for the purpose of promoting a underwater ecosystem in areas of generally a featureless bottom. swimming tail. Presentation A term encompassing all elements in catching fish. Reservoir A type of water system that is developed by the use of a dam. water depth. Red Worms A earth worm mainly used as bait for sunfish and perch. retrieve or trolling technique which makes a successful presentation. Found mainly on reservoirs. Prism Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape. R Rattles Small metal balls used on inside of lures to create sound. structure. Red Tail Chub A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike and Walleyes. squirmin tail. Ripple Tail Type of flat tail made on soft plastic lures that ripple or undulate in the water. Post Front The weather after cold front moves through bringing clear blue bird skies and cooler temperatures.All you need to know about “FISHING” Pork Rind Made from pig skin pork rind attach as trailers to lures for added action. natural such as rock piles or sand that vary in size and depth. Used primarily for ice fishing and muskie fishing with suckers. Q Quick Strike Rigs A fishing rig of multiple hooks placed on live bait in order to set the hook upon a strike of a fish. Reef Any submerged structure protruding off the bottom. Lure types and color. Darseet Garasia Page 116 . and squirrelly tail. Also called curly tail. Riprap A man made stretch of boulders and rocks to prevent land erosion attracting many game fish.
Shad Tail A type of tail on a lure that shakes back and forth. Seine A net laid out in a circle around a school of bait fish. a handle with a strainer type scoop to clean ice fishing holes. Used on soft plastic lures. Scoop Made in metal or plastic. Scents also are impregnated in manufacturing of soft plastic lures. liquids and jellies applied to lures to mask the human odor and attract game fish. used for Muskie and Northern Pike on jerk baits and gliders Darseet Garasia Page 117 . Rubber Core Sinker A type of elongated sinker with a rubber core to attach ( twist on ) fishing line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Rosy Reds A commercially sold minnow as live bait available in the winter months for ice fishing. Sanctuary Area’s where fish are protected by the state Natural Resource Department. minnow to spices. salt. S Saddle Lake structure that narrows and opens to a wide area. shad. the bottom of the net is drawn shut to trap the fish. After the school is surrounded. Short Strike Term for missed fish or short bite. cherry and garlic. anise. and spinner baits are generally used. crawfish. Single Strand Leader A leader component made from a single steel hard wire. inline spinners. Scents come in numerous different flavors or odors ranging from forage scents. crank baits. fruits and vegetables. Seven Strand Leader A type of leader material using seven strand flexible wire. Rough Fish Fish not considered sport fish and generally not regulated. Search Lures Lures used in a quick presentation such as fan casting a areain order tofind aggressive fish. Scents Also known as fish formulas and attractants are marketed as sprays.
weeds. Inside the tubing is a coiled piece of heavy line. Slit Refers to the lake bottom content also known as muck. made from lead or steel. Darseet Garasia Page 118 . Slip Sinker Any sinker that fishing line passes through. Size Limits Fishing regulations which limits anglers to keep fish based upon size. Soft Plastic’s A category classification of any lure made from soft plastic’s. Slot Limit Fishing regulation which requires release of fish within a listed size range (or slot). wood. A snubber is a length of surgical tubing with a swivel attached at both ends. Slough A narrow stretch of water such as a creek of stream off a lake or river system. Once they take in the bait they can pull the line through the sinker eye not feeling any resistance which would cause them to spit out the bait. Slow Roll A fishing retrieve by slow rolling a spinner bait or weedless spoon over cover. A slip sinker rig is well suited when still fishing the bottom for light biting fish such as walleyes. When a fish strikes a trolled lure. rocks or on the bottom. Can be found with different sink rates for different fishing styles Sinkers Any type of weight used for fishing rigs. the snubber stretches out to absorb the impact and then retracts. in which the fishing line slips through to a line knot/stop above the weight and hook. Snubbers Used on trolling rigs from the Dipsy Diver to the leader. Snap A rigging component used to connect the lure from a leader or directly to the fishing line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Sinking Line A flyline design to sink below the surface of the water for getting a wet fly or streamer down deeper. Ski Short term used for describing a Muskie / Musky. Slip Bobber A fishing rig component that uses a float/bobbermade of wood or dense foam around a hollow tube. The slip bobber is used for deep water live bait presentations mainly for walleyes and crappies and panfish. Slider A trolling rig by attaching multiple fishing lines to a single down rigger cable and weight by using sliding releases.
Spincaster A closed face spinning fishing reel mounted on the top of a rod employing a push button release for casting. Spawn Sac’s A effective bait used for Salmon. Spinner Bait A safety pin styled lead head wire blade (s) lure with a single hook dressed with rubber skirt hair or soft plastic’s. the act of releasing eggs into the water by female fish for fertilization by male fish. spoons are made from metal with hooks attached. Spinning Reel A open faced reel mounted underneath the rod. Split Ring A lure component (wired ring) connecting the hooks to the lure. Split Shotting A finesse rig by using a small split shot above a single light wired hook using live bait or small soft plastic’s. Spawning Reproductive activity of fish. Spring Fed Water system that is supplied water through a underground spring. Usual lengths approximately 4 to 5 feet. Used as bait on a drift fishing bottom rig. The line is retrieved in a spinning fashion over the bail. Spoons Considered one of oldest lures used in fishing. Steelhead and Trout when spawning occurs in streams and rivers. Stained Water Refers to water color caused by minerals tree roots or drainage.All you need to know about “FISHING” Soft Tail Lures Hard bodied lures incorporating a soft plastic swimming or shad tail. virtually used for all game fish with thousands of varieties and colors. Stick Bait Darseet Garasia Page 119 . Spud A ice fishing metal chisel to clean frozen over holes. Split Shot Type of round weight made from lead or steel that is pinched on fishing line. Splash Tail A surface lure with a bell shaped metal tail attached on the end that flaps side to side also known as a flap tail. Spawn Sac’s are made from fish egg’s or roe tied together in using a fine mesh netting.
Swivels acts as a line stop and rigging connectors for bottom rigs also connects the fishing line to a leader to prevent line twist. Stinger Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called trailer hook. old bridge pilings and fence posts. Stink Bait Home made or commercially bought stink baits are concoctions of ingredients that produces a unique aroma that attract catfish and carp. Swivel A rigging component with many uses. Strip On’s A old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner. Structure Underwater structure is basically all solid objects rising from the bottom of a lake or river that isn't part of the actual bottom as in tree’s. Swimming Lures Any type of lures that are designed to swim as a baitfish by providing a wobble. Stringer A steel or nylon cable with or without snap hooks to keep fish. vibrate or wiggle motion.All you need to know about “FISHING” A lipless slender plug or topwater lure that is given action by the angler manipulating the rod and reel. Also called Neutrally Buoyant Lure. The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop. cribs and rocks which creates habitats for feeding fish. Suspending Lures In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. upon stopping the retrieve the bait will suspend at that water level." Stick-Ups Any above surface stationary structure such as tree stumps or limbs. brush piles. which is called "walking the dog. making the bait go back-and-forth to resemble a wounded baitfish. Walleyes and Muskies. Suckers A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike. T Darseet Garasia Page 120 . Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front. Stragglers Term used when a school of fish move and a few stay behind. Suspended Fish Fish that relate to open water away from structure.
The function of a tip down is a rod holder and a strike indicator. Thermocline During the summer months lakes stratify into layers. The ice fishing rod is held on a tip down balancing on a pivot rod at a 45 degree angle upward maintaining depth control of the bait. weights swivels. Texas Rig A weedless bottom rig used on soft plastic lures. snaps. inland stream flies as well as bucktails. Darseet Garasia Page 121 . Upon a fish strike the rod will follow a downward motion indicating a fish strike. baitfish hang just above the thermocline. Test A measurement of fishing line strength as stated on the label. Used on soft plastic worms.All you need to know about “FISHING” Tackle Box A container that stores fishing equipment in a organized manner for transporting and protecting the tackle from the weather elements. turn the hook and insert the point back into the lure with out exposing the point of the hook. while larger game fish are found suspended in or just below it. These are areas underwater where warmer layers of water meet cooler layers. Tail Spinners A tear drop weighted head jig with a blade mounted on the tail used for vertical jigging. Tippet The monofilament section of the fly rig between the leader and the fly. snap swivel and blade to a soft plastic lure or live sucker to add attraction and color. Tip Down Used for ice fishing a tip down is made of wood or plastic. To make the rig weedless insert the hook about 3/8 of a inch in the front of the lure. Generally. crawfish and lizards. To rig a bullet weight is threaded on the line then a hook is tied. Terminal Tackle A category classification for rigging components such as: hooks. Taper Underwater structure gently slopes downward. push the hook to the eye. Tinsel A metallic filament used in lure tying to provide flash and color on great lakes flies. Terrestrial Term used to describe land-based insects which are often food for fish. this is the themocline and where fish are often active. and bobber stops. shaped as a H with a base. Thumper Tail Lure A jointed surface lure with a rotating rear section using a metal cupped tail blade. split rings. Tail Gunner A muskie rig by attaching a combination of a single hook.
Trolling Motor A electric small fishing motor powered by marine batteries. Centered on the cross piece is a metal tube filled with anti freeze attached to a reel on the bottom and a trip bar on top. Upon a fish strike the reel will turn moving the trip rod releasing the flag. Trolling Board A trolling board are either single ordouble in make up. Trolling boards allows the angler to run multiple rod set-ups by placing sliding releases on the connecting line. Used for all game fish. rigged with a jig or hook inside. Tributary A stream that flows into a larger stream. Trailer Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called stinger hook. Topwater Lure Any lure that floats on the water also known as a surface lure.All you need to know about “FISHING” Tip-Up Used for ice fishing a tip up is a set rig using a cross piece of plastic or wood with a spring loaded wire and flag attached. Transition A term used when describing changing of water bottom conditions such as hard to soft. Torpedo Lure A top water lure shaped as a cigar or torpedo. Triggering The act of causing a fish to bite / strike a lure or live bait. Treble Hook A three pronged hook used on most all lures. Used for controlled drifting / casting and boat positioning. Darseet Garasia Page 122 . Tubes A hollow bodied soft plastic lure tipped with tentacles. mounted on the bow or stern. Trolling A fishing method where fishing lines are pulled behind a boat to attract and catch fish. weeds to rocks etc… Also used in fish migration context. The retrieve used is “Walk the Dog” using short cadence snaps making the lure move side to side. The amount of line used is held by the trip rod using the metal wire with the flag. The tip up rig is placed over a ice fishing hole on the cross piece with the metal tube turned vertically and placed in to the water. They are drawn through the water by a connecting line from the boat or mast to the board itself unlike a planer board that is connected to the fishing line. Topper Lure A straight top water lure with propellers in front and back.
or a Gore-Tex-like material. Mixing allows bottom waters to contact the atmosphere. raising the water's oxygen content. Darseet Garasia Page 123 . Waxworms The wax worm is the larvae of the wax moth.All you need to know about “FISHING” Turnover Fall cooling and spring warming of surface water act to make density uniform throughout the water column. warming may occur too rapidly in the spring for mixing to be effective. or destination (latitude/longitude) that can be stored in memory to be recalled and used at a later time for navigation purposes. Vest A piece of clothing used to hold various tools. the larvae are milky white or light tan about 3/4" in length. V Vertical Movement Up and down movement of fish through water columns also a fishing technique by jigging. Favorite bait for panfish used year round. Twitching A fishing retrieve. Walk the Dog A fishing retrieve used on the surface by snapping a torpedo type lure with short cadence snaps to move the lure side to side. nylon. Typically made of neoprene. Vise The tool used to hold a hooks or lures in place while tying or building lures. spot. It's shape also prevents it from rolling and the streamlined shape resists snags. Can be insulated to supply warmth. Walking Sinker Used on bottom rigs made from lead or steel The walking sinker is designed to pivot on it's heel and let the line slide through the eye. This allows wind and wave action to mix the entire lake. especially in small sheltered lakes. the act of popping a minnow type lure on the surface to sub surface creating a erratic motion of a distressed baitfish. Waypoint A GPS term for location. W Waders Protective outer clothing used to keep the fisherman dry when standing or float-tubing in water. fly boxes and other equipment while fishing. However.
Z Zooplankton Small or microscopic animals that float or drift in great numbers in water. Darseet Garasia Page 124 . especially at or near the surface. Worm’n A bass fishing technique using a soft plastic worm. jig or hook minimize snagging on weeds or wood by using a wire.All you need to know about “FISHING” Weedless A term used to describe making a lure. or transition of the bottom type. fiber or plastic guards over the hook. Wobbler A international term used to describe a jointed plug or crank bait. Cast drop and drag slowly. Worm Harness A fishing rig using a leader with multiple single hooks for night crawlers along with a combination of blades and or floats. Weedline A weed line or weed edge is caused by a change in depth. Wire Line Used for deep water trolling. and serve as food for fish and other larger organisms. wire line is available in single wire or stranded made of copper and nickel-copper alloy and stainless steel. The basic components are a bell sinker with a length of line to a three way swivel connecting to the rod and a short leader to the hook. Wolf River Bait Rig Popular river bottom fishing rig named after the river it is used on. lizard or crawfish.
All you need to know about “FISHING” Darseet Garasia Page 125 .
All you need to know about “FISHING” Darseet Garasia Page 126 .
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