All you need to know about “FISHING”

November 1, 2012 Compiled by: Darseet Garasia

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Darseet Garasia

Page 1

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Fishing Rods & Reels
In determining a fishing rod and reel one must consider the species you are fishing for along with the type of lure or live bait to be used. For instance your rod and reel set-up should match the fishing presentation. If you're pursuing panfish using light lures or small minnows your outfit should be lightweight for casting and detecting bites, not a heavy baitcaster for pike or bass. There are five main basic categories of fishing rod and reel combinations, and within each there are multiple sub-categories of specialty types of outfits used for specific fishing applications, for example Walleye fisherman use rod and reel set-ups for slip bobber, slip sinker, jigging and trolling. Bass fisherman carry pitchin', flippin', crank baiting, and soft plastics combo's. Muskie anglers have bucktail, jerk bait and top water outfits. In short, fishing rods and reels have come a long way over time, with new space age materials having been developed for rod construction making them longer and much lighter as well as reels with multiple ball bearings and one piece alloy and graphite frames.

Fishing Rod & Reel Combinations:


This is the preferred set-up for the inexperienced angler. Spincasting outfits are excellent in teaching the beginning angler and children the mechanics of casting. The spin cast reel is mounted above the rod with the reel spool enclosed with a nose cone cover, this prevents line snarling and backlash's that are associated with bait casting reels. Casting is a simple task, the angler presses and holds down a button on the rear of the reel, this disengages the line pick-up pin, upon the forward cast the line comes off the spool. Once the crank handle is turned the pick-up pin is engaged retrieving the line on the spool. Spincast reels have low gear ratios as a result of the size of the spool, which makes it difficult to fish lures that require a fast retrieve such as: inline spinners, spinner baits and buzz baits. When purchasing a spincast reel consider selecting models with anti reverse and smooth drag system versus the inexpensive all plastic models with sticky drags that result in broken line. For rods buy fiberglass their durable will hold up from abuse.

Darseet Garasia

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BAITCASTING: Baitcasting outfits are excellent for many kinds of fishing. Your lure should not move. For successful casting the most important setting is the casting brake. Because of this lighter lures can be used where the weight of the lure does not have to pull against a rotating spool. and come in a wide variety of options and types: Round and Low Profile. the line is drawn off the fixed non rotating spool and not against a rotating spool such as a bait casting reel. the line is pulled off the reel by the weight of the lure. In the early years of bait casting reels the angler used their thumb to control the amount of line travel as well as to prevent the spool overrun or backlash. The Darseet Garasia Page 3 . and or a magnetic 'cast control' to reduce spool overrun during a cast and resultant line snare called a birds nest. then using a backward snap of the rod followed by a forward cast. Spinning outfits operate best using fairly light weight limp flexible monofilament fishing lines and are used for bluegills. Let the lure hit the ground and watch the spool. pike and muskie. Baitcasting outfits are considered the standard when using heavier lures fishing bass.All you need to know about “FISHING” SPINNING: Spinning reels where commercially introduced in 1948 by Mitchell Reel Company of France. grasping the line with the forefinger. All bait casting reels are mounted above the rod. tie on your lure and reel it to the tip of your rod. Push the casting release button. Today all quality bait casting reels have a spool tension feature for adjusting the centrifugal brake. Spinning rods have large fishing line guides to minimize line friction upon casting. High and Low Retrieve Speed along with anti-reverse handles and line drags designed to slow runs by large and powerful gamefish. when casting the angler moves the rod backward then snapping it forward. crappies. Tighten the knob until it feels snug. perch and walleyes. Hold the rod at the 2 o’clock position and slowly turn the knob counter clockwise until the lure starts to fall. In casting a spinning reel the angler opens the bail. (The casting brake is the small knob located in the center under the reel handle side) To set the cast control. The design was of a fixed spool reel mounted below the fishing rod with a mechanical pick-up (wire bail) used to retrieve the fishing line. The anti reverse feature prevents the crank handle from rotating while fighting a fish allowing the angler to use the drag.

Inland freshwater anglers use monofilament and lead core for walleyes and salmon. it is also illegal in some area’s of the country so please check your local fishing regulations. but a commonly used method of fishing. FLYCASTING: The art of fly fishing has been documented going back for hundreds of years dating to ancient times. Darseet Garasia Page 4 . tighten the cast control knob and repeat the procedure. Muskie & Pike anglers use low stretch braided super lines for trolling large plugs and spinners. If the spool does not spin after the lure hit’s the ground. an on/off line release lever and a line out alarm (Clicker) other options are a line counter allowing the angler to replicate the amount of line used on successful fish catching patterns. Coastal saltwater anglers use wire lines made of stainless steel. as the trolling reels are mounted above the rod. TROLLING: The term trolling not only reflects the type of equipment. Trolling outfits are very similar to bait casting set-ups. Trolling is a form of angling where lines with hook-rigged lures are dragged behind a boat to entice fish to bite. In learning the casting technique we recommend practicing on land with a plastic casting plug. planer/trolling boards and dipsey divers. The spool line capacity on trolling reels is greater than bait casting reels to accommodate heavier fishing line that is used for long line big water trolling. ( See our trolling section for more rigging information). All trolling reels have three basic features: star drag (Line Braking System) on the reel handle for fighting large game fish. Trolling can be as simple as just letting line off the reel with an attached lure known as flat lining or using rigging systems such as a downriggers. Trolling is a productive fish catching technique by presenting multiple lures covering a lot of water. titanium or a combination of metal alloys to prevent toothy fish from severing the line. Overall bait casting outfits are best suited for the experienced angler.All you need to know about “FISHING” spool should not spin more than one revolution after the lure hit’s the ground. Trolling rods range from long and limber for downriggers and planer boards to stiff for large crank baits. Trolling reels are designed to offer the most versatility when it comes to fishing line options. Loosen the knob and repeat the procedure. If it spins more than one revolution. Baitcasting rods have also evolved from the older 5-6 foot pool cue rods to 7-9 foot lengths used today allowing increased casting distance and accuracy. they can be intimidating but you can learn with a little time and effort. Baitcasting reels offer the angler a wide variety of fishing line options ranging from the new super lines (Braided Low Stretch) to copolymer "Fluorocarbon" and nylon monofilament. the cast control is set too tight.

As a general guideline the lighter the line and smaller the game fish the best reel choice for the novice anglers and children is a spincast reel. The angling method of fly fishing is casting a fly or streamer consisting of a hook tied with fur.For a properly balanced outfit hold the rod with the reel attached on the fore grip (the handle above the reel) by using a few fingers. Other casting techniques are false casting. and angling technique? Will you be casting lures using live bait or trolling. Fly rods are sized (matched) by the weight of the fly line from size #0 rods for the smallest freshwater trout and panfish up to and including #16 rods for large saltwater game fish. You will have problems casting and it will take away the sensitivity from the rod tip in feeling a fish strike. Before we compare the features of fishing reels here are some pointers that will help you determine a list of requirements for the best type of reel to use. The main objective is to load the rod with stored energy then transmit that energy to the fly line allowing the angler the acceptable amount of casting distance. or curve cast and the tuck cast. minnows and other aquatic creatures. Newer fly reels have incorporated disc type drag that allows the angler the adjustment range using the combination of the rod and reel to control large game fish in powerful runs. reel and fly lures as well as receiving lessons on casting. Darseet Garasia Page 5 . As the targeted species gets larger requiring heavier line and lures a conventional reel or bait caster will be the better choice. the reel must be balanced with your rod. What pound test line is best suited for the fishing application. For the best performance from your reel. First. The correct angle is 10 o' clock to 2 o' clock. If you use a reel that weighs too much for the rod it will feel butt heavy. For the more proficient caster using the same set-up a spinning reel is best. Fishing Reel Features: In selecting the right reel for your style of fishing there are literally thousands of different reels on the market today to choose from. The goal is to present the fly lure in such a way that the line lands smoothly on the water’s surface and appears natural. the angler used their hand as a line brake known as palming when fighting a fish. the most common is the forward cast. thin. by fishing for a length of time your wrist will tire by trying to hold the rod upward. foam. Fly rods are long. Conversely. Early fly reels often had no drag systems just a clicker that was used to keep the reel from overrunning the line when pulled from the spool. carbon/graphite and boron/graphite) ranging from 6ft to 14ft in length. For the less experienced angler this can be somewhat confusing. used to cast a fly lure without landing on the water. If you're considering fly fishing we highly recommend that you seek professional guidance by visiting your local fly fishing pro shop in selecting the rod. The fly line. others are single and double haul cast. if not change reel sizes or rod length to achieve a balanced outfit. not the lure. but now are constructed from man made composite materials (fiberglass. a reel that is too light for a rod will make it feel tip heavy. The angler starts by stripping line off the reel with one hand while whipping the rod in a series of back a forth motions over the shoulder. determines casting. roll cast side. flexible fishing rods originally made of split bamboo. what kind of fish will you be catching? What is the average size. Fly lines are available in a variety of forms varying from tapered sections (double-tapered.feathers. The fly lure is non-weighted for which the fly rod uses the weight of the fly line in casting the fly lure.All you need to know about “FISHING” countless articles have been written regarding legendary trout stream fishing or for European salmon. There are several types of casts in fly fishing. These answers will narrow down your search and aid in purchasing the proper reel. shooting-head) level (even through out) as well as floating and sinking types. attached on the end of the fly line is a leader of monofilament or fluorocarbon fishing line called a tippet in whichthe fly lure is tied to. the rod should sway back and forth and stay somewhat horizontal not completely moving forward or backward. Fly fishing reels are mounted below the rod with the basic design of line storage. or other lightweight materials to mimic insects. weight-forward.

CASTING CONTROLS: (BAITCASTING) All quality baitcasting reels come with built in casting control systems that help determine how fast the spool is spinning when casting. think of it as a clutch or line braking system. machining & bearing qualities ) as comparing to other reels in determining which is the smoothest. The drag uses a set of multiple disc washers that compress when pressure is increased or relaxed when decreased. The drag should be set tight enough for a hook set.All you need to know about “FISHING” Listed below are the features and components that make up fishing reels. High quality reels that feature the number of bearings on models followed with a single number such as 7+1 indicates a anti reverse bearing which with tighter machining tolerances provides the angler with a "no play in handle" giving the angler complete control during stop and go retrieves and solid hook sets. Spinning reels have an anti reverse on/off lever that will allow the angler the choice of engaging the drag or back reeling when fighting a fish. The deciding factor when it comes to purchasing a new reel should not be limited to just the number of bearings but the overall performance. DRAG: All types of fishing reels have a drag system. While no bait casting reel is considered backlash free even with all of the casting features to help control the spool casting speed. BALL BEARINGS: All conventional fishing reels contain either ball bearings or bushings built within the reel to operate the spool smoothly. The concept of the drag is letting the line unwind in a controlled manner off the reel when a fish pulls so hard that the line is in danger of breaking.front drag and a rear drag. It is still advisable to apply light thumb pressure on the spool in order to prevent a backlash. Front drags are generally smoother than a rear drag. This is the fine tuning feature found on more expensive reels that works with a internal transfer braking mechanism. These systems are centrifugal and magnetic. ANTI REVERSE: The anti reverse function on fishing reels is so the handle does not turn backwards when the line is pulled from the reel as the drag is used. (smooth cranking. For larger game fish some bait casting and trolling reels use a additional anti reverse gear along with the bearing this adds security if the bearing can not handle the strain of hard running fish. these descriptions will help you identify and understand the ideal reel for your angling needs. But one must consider that the amount of bearings does not necessarily mean that the reel is smoother than others with less. The centrifugal casting control is located on the reel handle side and his adjusted by turning the knob forward or backward. Most baitcasting reels today have anti reverse as a standard feature. but loose enough to come off of the fishing reel easily. In other words a 2 ball bearing reel machined with tight tolerances and high quality factory sealed stainless steel bearings will perform longer and smoother than a reel with 6 ball bearings made of brass. adjustments are made by turning the wheel to the proper tension. The front Darseet Garasia Page 6 . Spinning reels have two types of drags . Reel companies only list the total number of bearings for the reel. Baitcasting/Trolling/Spincast reels use a star-shaped wheel located on the reel handle called a star drag. depending on the model some have one some have both and are either externally adjustable or internal. The magnetic control braking system is located on the other side with a numbered position dial to increase or decrease the amount of magnetic force applied to the spool. at the beginning of a cast (with the increased RPM‘s) this mechanism rotates out towards the braking magnets to slow the spool which helps reduce backlashing. The drag feature is a tension setting applied to the spool of the reel. not the type or quality of the bearings. many of them are universal and found on all types of reels. It is the generally thought that the greater amount of bearings in a reel the smoother the operation and the higher the cost.

The rear drag uses applied pressure on the drive shaft. For instance a high speed reel with a 6:1 ratio will make 6 revolutions versus a low speed reel at 3:1 with 3 revolutions per each turn of the reel handle. GEAR RATIOS: All reel manufactures list the gear ratio on their products. and large muskie baits. The gear ratio refers to how many revolutions the spool of the reel makes per one complete turn of the reel handle. Dipsey Divers and Trolling Boards) There are two types of reel line counters. when storing your reels for a extended amount of time. and lipless crank baits. Another tip to reduce reel maintenance. Rear drag spinning reels may offer convenience and ease of use. This chart is based on the use of monofilament line and will look like this: 8/(175) 10/(155) 12/(130) the first number is the lb test followed by the amount of yards.All you need to know about “FISHING” drag features larger. LINE COUNTERS: This reel feature is found exclusively on trolling reels. On low profile and smaller round baitcasting reels the line guide will remain in its' position when casting. By varying the pound test line on the reel such as placing 40lb on a reel rated for 8lb-12lb will give you an inadequate amount of line due to the increased line thickness making the reel difficult to cast as well as increasing the stress and eventual failure on the drag (By setting the drag too tight) With the advent of new fishing lines with increased lb test and reduced diameters we still recommend that you follow guideline placed on the reel by the reel company. which if not properly done will usually pile up in the center of the spool.Pull the line with your hand. you should be fine. if you have a decent amount of resistance. Lever drags are a available feature on high end (expensive) trolling and baitcasting reels. multiple disc drag washers on the spool that offer a higher level of performance and durability. the level wind feature automatically places the line evenly or level across on the spool upon retrieving the line. This offers the angler the convenience of not manually guiding the line on the spool. As a rule always check your drag before your first cast. on larger round bait casting reels the line guide will follow the line when casting. In cases where you hook a exceptional sized fish the drag should be adjusted (increased) as you feel the size of the fish. clicking off numbers as the spool revolves. Digital line counters provide the same line usage reading as the analog but can also be programmed for Darseet Garasia Page 7 . LINE CAPACITY: Printed on the reel or it's package is a guideline of the amount of fishing line that the spool of the reel will hold. Analog and Digital. back off the drag tension setting. It allows a reference by which anglers can consistently return a bait to the same depth or distance from the boat when flat line trolling or rigging (Downriggers. Another alternative is a two speed reel that the angler can shift from high speed to low speed with a simple push or pull of a button. spinnerbaits. Leaving drag settings tight will cause the drag washers to become flat reducing the tension ability.1 are the best compromise if purchasing a single reel. but they normally don’t stand up to big fish and demanding conditions like front drag reel models. Lever drags allows the tension to be adjusted in more precise smaller increments which supplies a smoother fish fighting performance. Analog line counters resemble car odometers. LEVEL WIND: Found on most baitcasting and trolling reels as the name implies. High speed reels are better for working lures quickly when the angler seeks speed for "burning" bucktails. This indicates the line rating set by the manufacturer for 8-12 lb test line to work correctly without either stressing parts or making it difficult to use. Reels with the range of 5. Generally low speed reels are best suited for lures that require a slow presentation and greater cranking power such as crank baits for bass and pike.

yet they normally don’t offer the same strength and durability as die-cast or forged aluminum fishing reels. Many conventional baitcasting reels are also constructed in the same fashion. A simple on-off switch is used in the free spool mode. flippin. Line out alarms are available on baitcasting and spinning reels. for the recreational angler the catch rate will not increase based on having a specialty rod or rods. however. Each of these materials has its advantages and disadvantages. FISHING RODS: Fishing Rods have evolved over the years. Darseet Garasia Page 8 . while maintaining the lighter weight. preventing the line to become entangled with in the reel housing. their bodies are composed of multiple pieces. SPOOLS: When selecting a reel the material type and design of the spool should be a point of consideration. when switched off it is in free spool allowing the angler to let the line run off the reel using a bait or lure. REEL HOUSINGS AND FRAMES: Most reel housings and frames are constructed of either aluminum (die-cast or forged) or graphite.All you need to know about “FISHING” differences in line thickness accounting for impressive accuracy. or a shallower. elongated "long cast" spool design. There are two common materials used. which can break or crack under torque. Due to the nature of a spinning reel's design. however. Of the two the anodized aluminum spool offers greater strength and durability than graphite spools. machined anodized aluminum and graphite. This design increases the overall integrity and strength of the reel. using bronze or stainless steel that will offer the strength and capacity required for specialty lines such as heavy dacron or wire used for trolling. used and developed by tournament and pro anglers. Line counters are also very useful on how much line is left on your reel after a fish makes a run. ON / OFF FREE SPOOL LEVER: On trolling reels there is a simple on/off lever that when switched on engages the reel for retrieving the line. trolling. In theory. but place a specialty rod in the hands of an experienced fisherman in presenting a certain bait or lure and with their knowledge of fishing it will give them the edge in catching more fish. from the early days using natural materials with fixed fishing lines such as sticks. some manufacturers have introduced one-piece graphite frames. Other skirted spinning reel spool options offers a choice of a standard spool. resulting in greater casting distance. Always disengage the clicker when retrieving or casting. With this development of the rod materials came the specialty rods. jerkbait. reels made of anodized aluminum are generally stronger and more durable than the graphite models. boron and carbon. they are heavier. They are mainly used for presenting live/cut bait on the ocean and freshwater muskie fishing using suckers. Graphite-bodied reels are light and corrosion resistant. LINE OUT ALARM: This feature is a audible alarm alerting the angler of a fish strike also known as a clicker or bait alarm. pitchin. On many baitcasting aluminum spools holes have been drilled in to reduce the weight while increasing casting distance. crank baits. top water etc… the specialty rods are a specific tool. Spinning reels today feature a "skirted" spool that overlaps the reel frame. worm. the newer long-cast spool design allows for reduced line friction. rods designed for a fishing technique or lure such as jigging. bamboo and cane poles to rods using steel or fiberglass to the rods of today using graphite or composites of graphite. Always keep your thumb on the free spool to control the amount of line released to prevent a backlash. For big water heavy duty fishing large baitcasting and trolling spools are made from metal. fiberglass.

inline spinners. weeds and the most important feel fish strikes. jigs. 6’-6"-7’-0" Baitcasting Rod Power: Medium-Medium Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight 3/8 . spinner baits. top water) Darseet Garasia Page 9 . you will be able to cast farther feel structure. crank baits.3/8oz Test Line rating 8lb-12lb Fishing: Walleye and Bass spooled with 8lb test monofilament for live bait and soft plastic bottom rigs.All you need to know about “FISHING” As the old cliché states: "You get what you pay for" For the recreational angler we recommend spending as much as your budget allows. rocks.1/8oz Test line rating 4lb-6lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and early season Walleye spooled with 4lb test monofilament for Float(Bobbers) with live-bait. gliders. and a good rod will definitely help you accomplish this. jerk baits. tubes and mid weight lures 1/8-3/8oz. crankbaits. often as quietly as possible. Good combo set-up for children and novice anglers for easy casting and bobber fishing. spinner baits. Spooled with 6lb test. small jigs and light lures 1/16-1/8oz. With the numerous rod selections available today here’s a few suggested basic rod buying tips that will cover multiple fishing presentations. 7‘-0" Spinning Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight 1/32 . topwater) Length: 7’-0" Type: Baitcasting Rod Power: Extra Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight: 1-3oz Test line rating: 25lb + Fishing: Northern Pike and Muskies spooled with 50lb-80lb braided line with a leader for presenting heavy lures 1oz and up ( inline spinners. the more responsive it will be.1 oz Test line rating 10lb-17lb Fishing: Bass and Northern Pike spooled with 12lb-15lb test monofilament with a leader primarily for heavier artificial lures 3/8-1oz (spoons. 7’-0" Spinning Rod Power: Medium Light-Medium Action: Moderate Lure Weight 1/8 . the better the rod the more sensitive it will be. 5‘-6"-6‘-0" Spincast Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight Test Line Rating 4lb-8lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and Walleye. Part of being a better angler is the ability to place your lure/bait exactly where you want it.

If your shopping for a new rod don’t base your decision solely on the modulus rating. along with being strong and powerful to handle larger game fish. in casting a moderate action rod it will bend for about half of it’s length which will provide more casting distance and still have the capability for a adequate hookset. graphite comes in what looks like sheets of cloth. In marketing graphite rods a few common terms have been developed to associate the quality of the rod. Ideal for slip bobbers/floats live bait for walleye fishing because the fish is less likely to feel resistance from the soft tip and drop the bait. Heavier fast action rods are used for Muskies & Pike in burning bucktails. Fiberglass is also a very good choice for children starting out in fishing where durability is an issue. soft plastic worms or twitching minnow/shad shaped crank baits for bass and walleye. being assured that the higher the IM ranking the higher the graphite quality of the rod. Rods with high graphite modulus ratings tend to be brittle and need to have a secondary chemical added on the blank to increase the strain/strength rate. the higher the rating the better the rod. The first is "modulus graphite rating". The moderate action rod is the most common choice due to the versatility of fishing applications. resin toughness with the amount of fiber. the cloth is measured to determine the amount and stiffness to weight of modulus fibers. GRAPHITE: Graphite rod building started in the 1970’s and has continued to this day. Action ranges from extra fast where just the tip flexes to slow or softer where the majority of the rod flexes. The benefits of graphite rods are many. Fast action rods are the best choice when the fishing technique requires the sensitivity of feeling light biting fish or when fishing for large game fish in heavy cover and weeds where the key is to setting the hook fast with just a snap of the wrist moving the fish’s head up and away. Some anglers use fiberglass when fishing crank baits for the slow action and muskie anglers use fiberglass in cold weather for quick strike rig sucker fishing where the rod sensitivity is not required but the toughness (setting the hook especially in very cold weather and not breaking the rod) is needed.All you need to know about “FISHING” ROD MATERIALS: Fiberglass: Fiberglass rods have been popular since the 1950’s taking over the era of steel rods. they're extremely light. The other term that rod companies use to identify a blank style is IM with a following number such as IM6 or 7 and currently up to 10. Most all quality rods today are built using graphite and have become the preferred choice for rod blank builders. at least you can compare the rods built by the same manufacturer. For instance. in other words how much the rod bends when you put pressure on the tip and how far the rod flexes. along with reaction lures such as crank baits. The IM rated rods are not regulated by industry standards or an indication of quality but rather a trade name for particular graphite produced by the Hexcel Corporation. For high performance rods the combination of fiber strength. ROD RATINGS: ACTION / POWER Action refers to the flex characteristics of a rod. fast action light rods are used for jigs. walking top water lures or a cadence retrieve on gliders and jerkbaits. sensitive and flexible. but is noted for it’s toughness and soft/moderate action. resin and cross-scrim construction (overlapping layers to achieve exceptional strength and action) are more important than the modulus count or rating. in terms of performance and features fiberglass does lack the sensitivity of the newer rods today made from graphite and weighs more. Since some rod companies use the IM designation ratings to refer to their rod blanks that are not supplied by Hexcel. which is vital for light biting fish. This is called a composite blank. spinner baits and spoons for bass and pike Darseet Garasia Page 10 .

the higher the rod price the better quality of cork used. as they ensure distance on the cast. durable. Quite often anglers get confused with rod power ratings and action. the flex of the rod is considered the action. Graphite is lighter and more sensitive. The overall purpose of the rod line guides manufactured today is to provide less friction along with reducing the line fray and wear in the guides during the cast. HANDLE / REEL SEATS: The combination of a quality rod handle and reel seat are as important as the rod blank itself. The total amount of line guides on a rod are a important feature as well. Most of the new guides today are made of two parts: a metal frame (stainless) attached to the rod blank and some form of a insert (inner ring) using Ceramic. The rod’s power rating is closely related to the suggested line strength. The technology of rod guide designs has improved dramatically over the years from the old metal guides and the classic agate inserts of earlier rods. power ratings are usually described as heavy. muskie.All you need to know about “FISHING” where the slower action will not pull the lure out of the fish’s mouth. ROD LINE GUIDES: These are the circular loops affixed to the rod and run the length of the rod blank. light. Single foot guides adds less weight on the rod and help retain sensitivity. Some rods use line guides made of all stainless steel wire instead of inserts. etc… some rod companies use a numerical system 1-10 with 1=Ultra Light-10= Extra Heavy. Composite cork is made by combining a mixture of cork particles and resin. These are found on heavy to extra heavy power rods used for larger game fish. pike. this combination is more durable than using straight cork. which will spring back even if they're bent flat unlike the stainless guide that will break. this allows the use of very light line. these guides are lighter reducing the overall rod weight. Slow or Soft Action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. The concept is simple. keeping the line from touching the rod. and heat definitely doesn’t help when it comes to fishing lines. medium heavy. As a example the power rating is listed on the rod. Some reel seats offer a cutout that allows direct finger contact on the rod blank for greater sensitivity. It is important to follow the line test guideline limits printed on the rod since a heavy power rod will snap light lines too easily and heavy lines can snap a light rod. Less friction means longer casts and less heat. The newest line guide introduced is made from titanium wire. Another alternative is cork tape to achieve the look of cork. and are also popular for drift fishing spawn sac’s on trout and salmon streams. Cork is the preferred choice on rod handles as it is lightweight. while aluminum is stronger. The reel seat is where the reel is attached to the rod and constructed of graphite and aluminum or both. this offers a smooth surface for the line to pass over. but they are not as smooth as rods using inserts. Another factor to consider is the fishing presentation. on open water where hard to see light line is used for walleyes and crappies use a lighter power rod. these are used for mainly ultra light to medium power rods. The double foot line guides are used when sensitivity is not required but strength is as they are wrapped twice on the rod blank. There are varying grades of cork based on the rod’s cost. single and double foot. Alconite. and transmits rod vibrations even when wet better than synthetic materials using EVA foam. These rods are used for panfish especially for the paper thin mouths on crappies so the hook is not ripped clear on hooksets. and bass in weeds and cover will require a strong power rod using heavier line. POWER: A rod’s power describes how much a rod will flex under a load also referred as a rod’s "backbone". The rod handle is also referred to as "grips" and are located below and above the reel seat. medium. and when fighting a fish the energy/ stress on the rod is dispersed though out the entire rod blank. Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish. Depending of the rod power rating line guides are available in two different styles. the higher amount of guides the better. Darseet Garasia Page 11 . Silicon Carbide or Hardloy. The thickness and type of rod material will determine this.

Wire line used on copper and stainless steel are also braided forming stranded lines Thermally fused lines are made of dyneema/spectra that is twined or clustered together to form a single line. flexibility. upon hooking a fish and landing the fish is the key to a successful catch. In 1939 DuPont began making nylon monofilament fishing line that was primitive by today’s standards (stiff and heavy) as braided line was considered still the popular choice by anglers. Yet many anglers are not aware about the new types of lines available today each with it’s own special use and qualities including stretch. the size and species of fish along with the type of fishing presentation and the most important matching the line to the tackle (rod-reel-lure-bait) used. Today monofilament is the most commonly used fishing line accounting most of the line sold today. Understanding each of the line types and when to use them will increase one’s fishing success. spectra. made public in 1938 as a new invention. Here is a breakdown of each fishing line by type: Monofilament: In 1935 nylon was discovered by DuPont. It Darseet Garasia Page 12 . diameter and abrasion resistance. Modern day fishing lines are made entirely from artificial materials including nylon. The manufacturing of fishing lines vary from using a extrusion process. knot strength. Braided line is made by braiding or weaving man-made materials such as fibers of dacron. breaking strength.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Line & Leaders Fishing line is by far the utmost important fishing equipment component for anglers. polyethylene. polyvinyl chloride. dacron. as the line is the direct connection between the fisherman and the fish. Using the proper line in presenting lures or live bait. wire. and lead. dyneema. melting and mixing of polymers which is formed into a strand through a die forming monofilament. uniform quality and thinner diameter) which increased the popularity with the fishing community. fluorocarbon or copolymer fishing line. visibility. this created a group of synthetic super polymers that are commonly used in textile manufacturing today. Over the next two decades improvements where made (added flexibility. No brand of line is perfect for all fishing conditions. spectra. dyneema. In choosing the best line for the type of fish being targeted one must consider many factors.

which will enable lures to dive deeper and faster than monofilament fishing lines. another common element. It is also almost invisible underwater with a light refractive index of 1. as the cheaper brands don’t receive the quality control. It can be spooled on spinning. The Japanese fish under heavy pressured conditions and make every attempt to make their presentations as real and lifelike as possible. storing your rod & reel outfit in a garage / shed over the hot summer months or leaving it outside exposed to the heat sun will deteriorate the line making it weak and brittle. extrusion or other heat processes thus the name fluorocarbon. Walleye and bass anglers use colored mono line when fishing jigs and soft plastic’s to detect strikes by watching the line. application of fishing line technologies has produced more flexible fluorocarbon at affordable prices. clear and fluorescent along with degrees of flexibility. so it resists deterioration by the sun and most chemicals found on fishing boats such as. for the same reason the Japanese were using it – low visibility. It caught on when anglers reported catching more fish with it. Monofilament is best used on shallower water presentations than deepwater fishing due to it’s high stretch and water absorption factors resulting in loose knots and lack of sensitivity. They pride themselves on their ability to do this. docks. For casting lures around cover and rocky area’s abrasion resistant lower stretch clear line is recommended. Finally in buying monofilament line stay with the known recognized brands than the cheap off brands bulk spools. Ultimately. It is inert. the light passes through the line not reflecting back. it will not weaken or increase in stretch like monofilament fishing lines Darseet Garasia Page 13 . primarily in saltwater and fly fishing applications. U. Abrasion resistant against rocks. The other is the combination of sun or heat. yellow. where the Japanese are extremely detailed about the presentation of their bait. if the line has developed a chalky type film it is time to be replaced. conversely live bait fisherman like thin flexible translucent mono for a natural presentation. baitcasting and spincast reels. Non-absorbing. All monofilament have a memory. leaders are stiff and very expensive.42 the same as water. because fluorocarbon does not absorb water.6. on discolored water they favor fluorescent. stiffness and abrasion resistant qualities. and willingly spend more money to do so. Fluorocarbon: Fluorocarbon fishing leaders originated in Japan. With all of the options monofilament offers there are some line maintenance to follow. Fluorocarbon is a polymer consisting of fluorine. anglers began using fluorocarbon leaders. gasoline. as it is available in a selection of colors: red.All you need to know about “FISHING” offers the angler versatility. However. a common element that is chemically bonded with carbon. green. on clearer water clear or green is preferred. logs etc. battery acid or DEET (common ingredient found in insect repellents). meaning it is heavier than water and sinks.S. which means if the line is stored on a reel for a extended amount of time it will form to the shape around the reel spool. A density of 1. blue. When this occurs in casting it will come off the reel in loops or coils. Now. to create a polymer that can be formed by molding. proper additives and attention during the manufacturing process as the premium grade lines receive.

lead core trolling lines and for ice fishing tip up lines. higher impact and greater shock resistance. have a lower stretch factor. low stretch and absorbs less water allowing greater sensitivity even when wet unlike monofilament. Catfish and Saltwater anglers. in casting artificial lures they dive deeper and faster with longer casts due to the thin diameter. Fluorocarbon offer’s the best advantage in clear water situations where fish are heavily pressured or slow to bite in finesse situations. pliable but yet abrasion resistant and have little stretch. abrasion resistant. take in to account that super braids have small line diameters and the line filling amounts listed on the reel are based on monofilament diameters. Use the lb/yards amount listed on your reel as Darseet Garasia Page 14 . Braided lines are extremely strong. If you choose to spool your reel entirely with a super braid tie the line on the reel arbor. with the low stretch it telegraphs strikes instantly to the rod tip for a immediate hook set. high tensile strength. after a day of fishing silk lines had to be unspooled off the reel. The process called copolymerization. this was considered the first commercial fishing line made in quantity. then Dacron a polymer fiber know as polyester. The benefits of the super braids are numerous. It also has no memory so it won’t come off your reel in coils and it doesn’t weaken from direct sunlight. Silk was the common used material with many maintenance issues. The invention of braided fishing line was also instrumental in the development as a coated or wrapped component of specialty fishing lines such as fly lines. The common factor of all of the new super braids today is to provide the angler with the smallest diameter (ultrathin -microdiameter) with the highest break strength. Pike.All you need to know about “FISHING” Stretch resistance – fluorocarbon stretches slower and less than monofilament. better casting and less backlashes. Over the wars years two new synthetic fibers were developed and employed as fishing line. Dacron braided line is still made today but with the advancements of monofilament along with the introduction of the new hybrid lines it has decreased in popularity by anglers and now primarily used for deep water trolling along with backing on fly reels. very abrasion resistant. very strong. wrap a piece of electrical tape over the line and complete the spooling with tension applied. along with the high break strength it is the primary line used by fisherman targeting big fish such as Muskie. Stripers. Braided: During the industrial period from the early 1900’s modern machinery was developed to manufacture braided fishing lines. the other option is using monofilament as a line backing spooled on the reel arbor first and tied using a uni-knot to the super braid also applying tension upon spooling. The outcome of this resulted in a material that has additional benefits than monofilament. washed and hung up to dry in order to prevent dry rot. Over the years new formulas have been added notably the addition of fluorocarbon which adds invisibility stealth factor to the line. In spooling super braids on reels you have two options to prevent line slipping. (The lb test of mono should match the diameter of the super braid for uniformity and tying) Using a line backing conserves line usage as well as filling the spool. In the early 1990s fishing line companies began adding new man made fibers to their braiding process such as Dyneema. is a combination of two or more nylon monomers to create a copolymer during the extrusion. and Spectra this created a new category of braided lines referred as " Super Braids . Copolymer: In the mid 1980’s copolymer fishing line was introduced.Multifilament" ( by combining multiple fibers together during the process of braiding) the new synthetic fibers are thread like thin. first Rayon considered at that time a artificial silk. Copolymer fishing line features are smaller line diameters. particularly when compared to wet mono making it much more sensitive The popularity of fluorocarbon line used by anglers today is evident by the features listed above.

it slowly releases the lubricant. Fly line tapers have four major categories: Weight Forward . this will reduce the chance of knot failure. depends on the condition of the coating. From casting the fly line will pick up suspended particulate in the water such as algae and dirt from stripping the line when your fishing from the shore. Fly Line: Today’s fly lines consist of two components the inner core and outer coating. Here’s a few tips and pointers to extend the life of your fly line. The end results are a high performance line. Line performance. The outer coating is wrapped around the core in a thick water proof sheath. two are the most popular Weight Forward and Double Tapered. The next step is the main fly line this is connected to the backing using a Albright Knot. Darseet Garasia Page 15 . Innovative fishing line companies realized this and introduced a new manufacturing process called fusion. Fused: With the popularity of the new super braids incorporating the many features that Dyneema and Spectra micro fibers achieve: ultra thin diameter. In order to spool a fly reel properly there are a set of steps to follow along with a knowledge of basic fishing knots. As most fly lines today are under a 100 yards this will ensure a adequate reserve in case of a run by large game fish as well as filling the spool to the proper capacity. Imbedded in the outer core will determine the classification of floating or sinking line. ultra thin. Be sure to replace leaders and tippets as they show any wear or abrasion. often of PVC polyvinyl chloride. even with all of the new fly line technology prevalent today. Double Taper Shooting Taper and Level. The inner core is made from a braid or monofilament line.All you need to know about “FISHING” a guide for spooling the super braid. With out proper care and maintenance a fly line (dependent on use) will only last one season or less. First the fly line backing (The fly reel instructions will provide the suggested amount of backing) which is usually composed of braided Dacron using 20-30lb test. Finally the fly lure is attached to the tippet using a Improved Clinch Knot. for instance if a 50lb super braid has the diameter equivalent of 12lb mono and the line capacity on the reel is 175 yds/12lb with the filler spool at 150 yards you will need to add approximately 20 yards of mono backing. low stretch and high tensile strength. and next is the tippet the section of monofilament between your fly and leader. As with all fishing lines the proper amount to fill a reel spool is within 1/8 of a inch from the top of the spool rim. Floating line has encased micro bubbles allowing the line to float. The coating is slightly porous. Of the four. Almost all fly lines are made in such a way so they have a taper that helps the casting process and presenting the fly lure for the angler. Cleaning your fly line: All leading fly line manufacturers build a lubricant inside of the outer coating. superior strength. however. keeping the line slick and floating. As you assemble the fly line set-up make sure you moisten all the knots when drawing them tight slowly. Fused line are multiple layers of microfilament gel spun polyethylene fibers fused/twined together to produce a single strand of line. always test each knot by giving a good hard pull. stretch and stiffness. this is secured to the reel spool by using a Arbor Knot. sinking line has impregnated density micro particles such as powdered tungsten to weigh the line for a controlled sink rate. the core determines the line strength. very sensitive with good abrasion resistance. Being that the leader and the tippet are two similar diameters a Double Surgeons knot is suitable. Since the line backing (Dacron) and the fly line (plastic) are different materials the Albright Knot will slide easily through the line guides. The final steps are attaching the leader (typically tapered) of monofilament or fluorocarbon using a nail knot which provides a clean and straight connection from the fly line. Fly Line Maintenance: Fly lines do have a life span.

the weight of line and the numerous different taper configurations. the inner wire made of soft pliable lead and the outer sheath of nylon braid which is color coated every ten yards for metering purposes referred as the term colors. and any type chemicals or solvents. balsa and plastic minnow lures to reach depths were the fish are present. With this information any good fly fishing pro shop will be able to assist you in setting up your fly fishing outfit. not the lure size determines the rated fly rod and reel set-up. The amount of weighted trolling line spooled on your reel is totally dependent on the species of fish you are targeting by the depth required. Fly Line Selections: For the beginning fly fishing angler there are a multitude line choices available today which can be confusing to say the least. Recently a new environmentally safe non lead line was introduced using a metal alloy wire in lieu of lead. Your best bet in the selection process of a fly rod outfit is first to research the fishing presentation and species you are fishing for most of the time and match the recommended set-up. Floating or sinking. This allowed Salmon. The fly line. Darseet Garasia Page 16 . if you use too heavy of line this will cause "overloading" causing the leader to turn over and bounce back to the angler. as a example Great Lakes walleye anglers may use 30 yards of weighted line or three colors were as a salmon angler may spool the entire 200 yards or twenty colors. Always keep your fly line away from direct contact with insect repellants (Deet) suntan lotions. it should revert back to perform perfectly. after the weighted line is spooled a monofilament/fluorocarbon leader is tied using a Uni-knot. by wiping down the amount of line you use on a cast. This can be remedied by cleaning your fly line with a clean damp cloth and some mild soap. If your considering using this trolling technique your success would be best served if you research the fishery and species before purchasing the proper equipment. the line capacity is based on the species ( smaller for walleyes larger for salmon). Weighted trolling lines are available in 100 .( Note: When tying backing or a leader to lead core remove the inner wire) This entire line set-up is referred as "segmented" which when properly used places the weighted line and lure at the feeding depth of fish. The scale ranges from 1-14 with 1 the lightest to 14 the heaviest.All you need to know about “FISHING” This clogs the line pores preventing the lubricant from doing it's job as the line will not float as well or slide through the rod guides easily. In storing your fly line on your reel if it develops line memory and comes off in coils simply remove the line and slowly give it a stretch. The most popular line backing used today is the super braids which is tied to the weighted line using a Albright knot. Steelhead and Walleye anglers the ability to use light weight shallow running lures such as spoons. Lead Core (Weighted Trolling Line) Lead Core line came on to the fishing scene during the 1970’s as weighted trolling line. Using the correct fly line matched to the rod is critical for proper fly casting.200 yard spools ranging from 12lb to 45 lb test ratings. fuel or excessive heat. Trolling weighted (lead core) line is a technical presentation requiring a level of expertise and knowledge. For instance if you intend to fish mainly for sunfish on ponds or small streams for trout a five or six weight line and rod would be the choice if you target pike and bass using larger fly lures or streamers you should consider a eight or nine weight rod. The only reel type to be used for weighted trolling line is a conventional level wind trolling reel. Lead Core is constructed of two components. The approximate rule dependent on the lb test is every two yards of weighted line will sink one foot. Fortunately fly fishing tackle manufactures have adapted a universal numerical measurement scale to classify fly line weight to the specific rod and type of fly fishing. too light of line will inhibit the rod to load and will not be able to flex in the casting process causing short non controlled cast. avoid stepping on the stripped line and always check your reel for pinched line between the spool and the reel frame. Lake Trout. Never cast without a leader. In spooling the reel a line backing should always be used this also helps to fill the reel to the proper line amount.

such as seven strand wire. Solid wire know as Monel is a metal nickel copper alloy which will go deeper than stranded based on the ultra thin line diameter and weight. As a general rule fishing line should be at least respooled annually. Fishing wire with the proper knowledge and set-up will add another dimension to your arsenal increasing your catch rate. reels are trolling level wind with a metal or stainless steel spool to accommodate wire line. We highly recommend if you're looking to use wire as a trolling outfit. then attach various different types of leader materials. One of the most common problems in using wire starts with correctly spooling the backing and wire on the reel to the proper level. On the reel most ice fishing anglers use a line backing of 20lb to 40lb test to fill the spool. upon a strike allowing a fish to run with the bait (free spool) until the angler set’s the hook. some are environmental such as exposed to sunlight and heat for a extended amount of time other's are physical. periodically check this by running your line between your fingers. in asking when the line was changed the response was similar "never" or "years ago". Tip-Up Line: (Backing) Tip Up’s are a fishing tool used for ice fishing. Depending on the amount of fishing you do will determine line changing frequency. three and seven strand wire some of these come with vinyl coatings used mainly as leader material. The advantages of using wire line are numerous when compared to other conventional lines such as braided or monofilament. One of most popular wire line for freshwater fishing is the seven stranded six wrapped or braided around one. Copper seven strand is utilized as a alternative to lead core where as the weight of copper is double than lead core this achieves the same depth of lead core with only half the amount of line. Just Darseet Garasia Page 17 . Line Maintenance / Spooling your reel: Line replacement is highly important yet often neglected. if you feel any nicks. Getting set-up with a wire line outfit requires all special equipment. In writing this we can attest to the numerous times trophy fish where lost due to line breakage. go to a pro shop that specializes in wire line rods and reels. docks or other lake structure. Stranded offers many versions made of stainless steel or copper. Wire lines come in a variety of choices. other fisherman that spend a lot of time on the water replace line weekly or monthly. For practical purposes most line wear occurs in the first few feet from your lure or bait. logs. coated wire. as fishing line becomes wet and dry over time it eventually breaks down and wears out. this is commonly overlooked as some angler's feel the existing line on the reel is sufficient. it also has very low line stretch thus telegraphing fish strikes as they happen. especially if you ask a friend to help you. rods require hardened line guides that wire won't cut along with a roller tip or all line guides using rollers. frays or twists remove that section of line and retie. The line backing on tip ups are waterproofed by either coating a braid using Teflon or plastic vinyl wrapped over a braid. Also with the heavier lb test it is easier to handle in cold weather and are less prone to tangle on the ice. The purpose behind the waterproof backing is not to let the line to freeze on the reel. solid and stranded. line scraping across rocks.All you need to know about “FISHING” Wire: Wire is another trolling line option especially if your fishing presentation requires to go very deep. Filling A Revolving-Spool Reel: Baitcasting and trolling reels are the easiest to spool up. tip up’s are built from plastic or wood which lay on the ice. monofilament or fluorocarbon. in cable-laid wire. underneath the tip up the reel is submerged in the water. wire line with the weight and the ultra low diameter cuts through the water easily getting deeper using less line. All fishing line needs to be replaced at one point. 49 strand. tournament anglers and pro guides replace line daily. Line degradation is caused by numerous different effects.

coated or uncoated. It is what connects you and your equipment to the lure and hopefully with some luck. If the line is twisting flip the supply spool over. Tie new line to end of old line with a blood knot or a uni-knot 4. consistent tension on the line at all times (by gently pinching the line between your thumb and forefinger) to avoid loose wraps that might cause tangling later. making sure it is spooled firmly 7. Spin-cast reels do not hold very much line. stainless steel wire. Filling A Spinning Reel: Because the spool of a spinning reel does not rotate. and fluorocarbon. They are also availible in various lengths and sizes as well. your catch. you should use this method to prevent putting a twist in the line. You must use the right application for the right type of fishing you will be doing. Leaders are made of a variety of materials today such as: single strand wire. 3. they are that important. If your leaving existing line always leave some line from spool through rod guides and past end of rod to tie new line to. After about 12 turns allow some slack between the supply spool of line and your rod to be sure you are not getting line twist. except remember to thread the line through the hole in the front of the reel. 2. Don't overfill. If this is a new reel or if you wish to completely place new line on the spool your reel use an arbor knot to tie your line onto the spool.All you need to know about “FISHING” remember to maintain a moderate. 2) Fill the reel within 1/4-inch of the outer rim of the revolving spool. 1)Insert a pencil into the supply spool to allow the fishing line to feed smoothly off the spool. Your helper should maintain slight inward pressure on the supply spool to prevent it from overrunning. Darseet Garasia Page 18 . Leaders: Using a proper leader can be the difference between a successful fishing trip and one that ends up so to speak in the tank. Hold line tight with hand not turning reel handle just above reel 6. Yes. Filling a Closed-Faced Spin-Cast Reel Fill a closed-faced spin-cast reel the same way you would a spinning reel. Reel line onto reel slowly. Lay spool of new line of floor so line comes off spool just like it goes on reel spool 5. seven strand wire. and to keep proper tension on the line. Leaders are the segment of material attached between the fishing line and the lure or bait. hard monofilament. 1. Leaders are often one of the most overlooked pieces of equipment that we use. Have someone hold each end of the pencil while you turn the reel handle. titanium. so remove the reel cover partway every now and then to make sure you do not overfill the enclosed spool. where other applications may require you to tie it onto your mainline or attach or tie your own lure on. Pull old line off reel through line guides until you have enough room on spool for new line. Check this periodically because spinning reels automatically put twist in your line. Some are ready to tie onto your mainline and clip on a lure and start fishing.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Obviously you dont want to use a large musky leader to go walleye fishing nor do you want to bring a small walleye or pike leader to use when you are after trophy musky. Not to say using a light leader is wrong. Always be sure to consider what the weight limit or pound test is on the leader you may be using. Same care to be given when choosing a proper snap. take a few extra minutes to do an inspection of what you are purchasing. This pretty much boils down to personal preferance. Once you determine what pound test you are going to go with. Most tackle shops will carry a variety of leaders to choose from. consider the hardware that is on the leader. Your leader can be the strongest or the weakest link in your set up. It might make the difference between a smiling photo or going home disapointed. however just understand that you may have to be willing to accept the consequences. make sure they move freely and that they apear to be large enough or small enough to handle the task at hand. so you must give just as important care in choosing the correct leader for the job at hand as you would determining which lure to use. So the next time you are ready to go fishing and need to run into your local sporting goods supply to just grab some leaders. and in time you will figure out what you are most comfortable using. some are crimped. Some leaders are tied. Consider the size lure you will be using and make sure the snap doesnt open and close too easily. The last thing you want is for it to come open on that trophy fish of a lifetime. If there is too much to choose from and you simply cannot figure it out ask a store employee for a hand and they can help you make the right selection. Take a look at the swivels. A rule of thumb to go by is to always remember the lighter leader you use the higher your risk of being bit off or having leader failure can be. Darseet Garasia Page 19 . some are both.

The ability to tie a correct knot will save you from losing lures. Don’t be timid about testing it with a couple good pulls. By leaving a little tag is good insurance that your knot is tied correctly. Better to know your knot is tied correctly than losing a big fish. This reduces the heat from friction that causes slight abrasions when you pull it tight. Always leave a little extra line before clipping the tag end after completing your knot some knots slip slightly. all knots will weaken with use.    Arbor Knot Improved Clinch Knot Spider Hitch Palomar Knot Dropper Loop Knot Albright Knot Float Stop Knot Surgeon's Knot Uni-to-Uni Knot Snell Knot Nail Knot Trilene Knot Blood Knot Darseet Garasia Page 20 . Always retie your knot before a new trip and check your knot frequently when fishing. bait as well as a fish. Listed below are good choices to learn and a few tips:  Always moisten the knot before snugging it up. Over time all knots start to weaken in some degree. hook or leader. When tying a knot give it a smooth strong pull to complete it on your lure.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Knots Your fishing line is only as strong as the knot used to tie it.

to heavy-weight line to a lure. 2. making sure the coils do not overlap each other. Double back and wrap the end 5 times around the standing line. 3. 3. Holding the coils in place. Finally. given that it only takes a few seconds more to tie an Improved Clinch knot. 2. or hook. Pass the line through the eye of hook. swivel or lure. thread end of line through the first loop above the eye. the overhand knot in the tag end jams against the overhand knot tied around the running line Improved Clinch Knot What It Does: Ties a medium. an overhand knot is tied in the tag end. Slide tight against the eye and clip the end. there's no reason to tie a regular clinch knot on anything but the lightest line. Why It's Useful: Compared to a regular clinch knot. it's much less likely to break when you've got a bigger fish on the line. Hold the tag end and standing line while coils are pulled up. Why is it useful: It secures the fishing line on your reel arbor/spool How to tie it: 1.All you need to know about “FISHING” Arbor Knot What it does: Its primary use is to attach fishing line to the arbor/spool of a fishing reel. swivel. In fact. then through the big loop. The tag end is then tied in an overhand knot around the running line. When tightened. How to Tie It: 1. An arbor knot is tied by first passing the line around the reel arbor. Darseet Garasia Page 21 .

How To Tie It: 1. Wrap the doubled end 5 times around your thumb and the loop. Darseet Garasia Page 22 . Again. then form a loop. holding it between your thumb and forefinger. Double the line. 3.All you need to know about “FISHING” Spider Hitch What It Does: Doubles a line for added strength. Pull the loop slowly and steadily so thewound sectionslides naturally off the thumb. taking care not to let go. The one downside is that the knot could cut the line if not tightened perfectly. 4. Pass the end through the loop. Then pull on both ends to tighten knot. the knot must be perfectly tightened (no overlapping coils!) or it will cut itself. 2. Why It's Useful: Almost as strong (retaining over 80% of line strength) and much faster & easier than a Bimini Twist.

Why it's Useful: Strong. 4. and pull the entire leader through the loop. wrap both the tag end of line and leader around the loop again. parallel to each other. and less likely than most knots to damage the thinner of the two lines. relatively simple to tie. Pull both lines and both endstogether until theknot becomes tight. Clip closely to avoid getting caught in guides. Align the line and leader end-to-end.All you need to know about “FISHING” Surgeon's Knot What It Does: Securely ties together a line and a leader of very different diameters. How to Tie It: 1. 2. Darseet Garasia Page 23 . as if they were a single piece of line. Without closing the loop. 3. Tie both lines in an overhand knot. with 6" to 8" of overlap.

Double four inches of line into a loop and pass it through the eye of your hook. Allow the hook to dangle. 2 & 3. being careful NOT to twist the lines or tighten the knot. Darseet Garasia Page 24 . How to Tie It: 1. tighten the knot. Why It's Useful: Among the strongest knots for its purpose. Clip off the tag end. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook. 5. swivel or lure.All you need to know about “FISHING” Palomar Knot What It Does: Attaches a hook or other terminal tackle to your line. and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. the Palomar is also fairly easy to tie. 4.Pulling at both ends of the line.

lure. 3.pull the loopthrough the hole between the two sets of twists. How to Tie It: 1. make3 to 5 twists as shown then . 2.While holding the dropper loop in place (do not pull on the loop .just be sure it doesn't come out) pull on both ends of the line to bring the wraps together. Darseet Garasia Page 25 . Make a circular loop in the line. Where each end meets the loop.without letting the twists unravel .All you need to know about “FISHING” Dropper Loop Knot What It Does: Creates a loop in a line while maintaining most of the line's strength. 4. Why It's Useful: Used to attach a second leader. Wrap one end through the loop. or fly to a line.

then pull as tight as possible onboth strands of the heavy line with your left hand and both strands of the light line with your right hand. Pull gently on both ends of the heavier. You now have a loop to which you may attach a bait. pinch thethinner linebetween your left thumb and forefinger (without letting go of the loop). while sliding the knot back towards the loop with your right (but not all the way off). Darseet Garasia Page 26 .The Albright is far less likely to get caught in guides than a Surgeon's Knot. it's also considerably more difficult to tie.Push the tag end of thelighter linethrough the loop on the opposite side from where it originally ran it through the loop. How to Tie It: 1. Start next to your fingers and working toward the loop. or leader using another kind of knot. Albright Knot What It Does: Joins two lines (line & leader) of vastly different diameters. and use your right hand to wrap the tag end of thelighter line back over both strands of the heavier line as well as the lighter line itself. 2. Clip off the tag end of the fly line and the backing. 4. Why It's Useful: Creates a much smaller and smoother connection than a Surgeon's Knot without sacrificing strenght.While holding the loop. Moisten the knot. so both strands of the lighter lineexit on the same side of the loop.loopedline with your left hand. That said. Start by doubling back a couple of inches ofthe heavierline and hold the loop with your left thumb and forefinger. fly. 5. 6. Runabout 10 inches of thethinner line through theloop. 3. Pull the standingend of the lighter line to remove the loop you were holding between your leftthumb and index finger.All you need to know about “FISHING” 5. Pull both ends of the lighter line. wrapping it fairly tightly 8 to 12 times.

Uni-knots also provide an unbeatable100 % knot strength in most cases. the Uni-knot and variants like the Uni-to-Uni knot can be used for everything from tying hooks to light line. or else a braided line to a monofilament leader. just be aware that a braided line could potentially cut the leader. Why it's useful: Highly versatile. of the same diameter as the line the float is on. Use about 5 inches of nylon. This can beprevented (or at least slowed down) by using a loop for your free end on the braided line and otherwise tying the knot as described below. Why it's Useful: Prevents a float from running up a line . Darseet Garasia Page 27 . 2.Pull ends to tighten. Uni-to-Uni Knot What it does: Ties two lines together. How to Tie It: 1.If usingsoft monofilament. as if you're tying a Suregon's Knot. Wrap the line to be knotted 2 or 3 times around the line with the float.All you need to know about “FISHING” Float Stop Knot What it Does: Creates a barrier to stop a float from sliding past a certain point on a line.Take either end of the line being knotted and wrap them twice around each other.essential for controlling your presentation when float fishing. 3. to joining linesof vastly differenttest strength (up to 10x different in some cases).

form aloop and pinch it between your thumb and forefinger. Repeatsteps1-3 withthe end of the other line. Pull the end to tighten the knot. Overlap the two linesby roughly 6". 4.All you need to know about “FISHING” How to Tie It: 1. Pull both ends to get the knots tighter. passing through the large loop on the finalpass. 2. 5. Darseet Garasia Page 28 . 3.Wrap the end six times aroundboth lines. withaninch or two sticking out past your fingers. then trim if necessary.With one end.

towards the barb. reliable. make a large loop. Take the heavier end of your leader in yourright hand and form a 2" loop around the nail and fly line.Hold the nail/tube and the end of the fly line between the left thumb and forefinger ofyour lefthand (with roughly 2"of the fly line and the tube sticking out). then grip the short end with pliers and completely tighten the knot. and not recommended for big fish as it relies on the fly line's coating for strength. but few other knots give you this smooth a connection.. 2. Just note that you can only use the Snell knot with a leader. Pass one end of the leader throungh the eye of the hook so that it sticks outone or two inches past the eye. a particularly thin ballpoint pen). pass the end back through the looped leader.Pinch the hook and leader endtogether between your leftthumb and index finger right where it exits the eye. Wrap the end tightly around the leader and hook shank7 or 8times. towards the barb. 3. slowly pull the leader until it is almost tight.g. leader. The nail knot is moderately complex. the nail knot has a very smooth. so that it points towards the barb. Though it doesn't necessarily require a nail. Trim the end hanging towards the barb. and nail. Nail Knot What it does: Used to attach leader butt to fly line or to attach backing to fly line Why it's useful: The most popular knot for attaching leaders and leader but to fly line. On the final wrap. you will need a tube of comparably narrow diameter to tie it (e. then hold the loop down so that enough is sticking out to wrap several times around the leader and hook shank. Why it's useful: Strong. Pinch the loop down with your left hand. Slide the loops up against the eye. How to Tie It: 1. How to Tie It: 1. low profile that allows it to slide easily through guides. and simple to tie. then wrap the leader 5 more times around the line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Snell Knot What it does: Connects a leader to a baited hook. Grasping the end near the barb and the end on the other side of the eyelet. Do it Darseet Garasia Page 29 .

hooks and lures. 3. Trilene Knot What it does: The Trilene Knot can be used to join line to swivels. so that the loops butt up against each other.Holding the hook or lure in your left hand. and the standing line in your right hand. Darseet Garasia Page 30 . and you're done. Finally. then fully tighten the knot by pulling on the leader until it "bites" into the fly line. Pull gently on the tag end and the standing line to tighten. Trim tag end to 1/8 inch. moistening it with water while you do so to lubricate the line (allowingthe loopsto slide together more easily). How to tie it: 1. 2. snaps. and you're done. Trim the ends. 2. check the wraps to be sure they're smooth.Grab all the loops with your left hand. then pass the end through the loopcreated where you doubled back in step 1. 3. running alongside the nail. then carefully slide the end of the leader back into the opening. Moisten. Why it's useful: Easy to tie and very strong. "seat" the knot with one hard pull on the fly line. the Trilene Knot resists slippage better than most simple knots. Pull gently on both ends of the leader (don't pull the fly line!) to partially tighten the knot. then double back through the eye a second time. Thread the line through the eye of the hook or lure. Then carefully remove the nail.wrap the tag end around the standing line 6 times. and be sure to leave 1/2 to 3/4" of the end sticking out.All you need to know about “FISHING” tightly.

be advised that a blood knot will reduce overall line strength by around 40%. However. a blood knot can run smoothly through rod line guides. Make sure the ends are pointing in opposite directions after you pass them through the opening. then repeat with steps 1 and 2 with the other end of the same line. How to tie it: 1. 4. then pull. Trim the ends. Why it�s useful: An easy knot with a relatively low profile. Darseet Garasia Page 31 . 3. 2. whereas other comparably strong knots might get stuck.All you need to know about “FISHING” Blood Knot What it does: The blood knot is used for joining two lines of similar thicknesses. Cross over the ends of the lines by 6-8 inches and twist one of the lines 5 times (or more) around the other. Bring the end back through the opening between the two lines. and there you have it� a blood knot.

bobber for most fishing situations. weight and bobber with a hunk of worm. Bobbers (Floats) and Swivels. One of the biggest mistakes made by the novice angler is over rigging. Hook Sizes When it comes to hook sizes it tends to be little confusing. A dull hook will skate across your nail with out digging in. Many quality hook manufactures offer a line of hooks that are made of higher grade steel and then dipped in a chemical bath which gives the hook a super sharp hook point. In this section we will review Terminal Tackle: Hooks. Weights. Always test your hook for sharpness. weight. Bobbers & Basic Rigging With all of the advancements made today in the fishing world with “new lifelike fancy expensive lures that flash and swim on their own” sometimes just a plain ol' hook. and then take a couple of quick strokes to each side of the hook Don’t be misled that new hooks out of the box are always sharp especially the cheap hooks that are made of soft poor quality steel. Another option is to use chemically sharpened hooks. Even high quality hooks will dull over time and use by hitting rocks and debris in the water. heavier than needed weight with a oversized bobber presenting a unnatural look. generally when a single number is used such as size 12 verses a size 8 the higher the number the smaller the hook. Small hooks allows the live-bait presentation to look natural. Fishing Hooks As a rule. Carry your Terminal Tackle Get organized with a rig box with small compartments. simply draw the hook sharpener against the point of your hook a few times (parallel to the shank) on the bottom. but the advantage is a super sharp hook right out of the package. The classification system ranges from 1 largest to 32 smallest. Sharp hook points will catch more fish than dull hooks. How they are used and properly rigged for a successful set-up. That way you can find the appropriate hook. To test your hook simply draw the hook point across your fingernail. a sharp hook will leave a light scratch and digs in to your nail. When necessary touch up the hook point by using a hook file or sharpening stone. use the smallest hook possible. using too large of a hook. The bottom line is always use a sharp hook.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing with Hooks. reduces the ability to detect fish strikes in their fishing presentation. The best application is to select the lightest possible terminal tackle suitable for the condition and the species of fish. Small hooks also penetrate quicker than larger hooks upon the fish strike. To make it more Darseet Garasia Page 32 . There is no standard when it comes to classifying a hook size. minnow or leech will catch more fish. Sinkers. These hooks can be expensive compared to conventional hooks.

Crappie and light biting Walleyes under a slip bobber or attached bobber rig. The light wire limits excessive puncturing on minnows which helps them live longer on the hook. for example 5/0 ( pronounced five . perfect for Panfish.the distance between the shank and the point. such as night crawlers leeches and red worms. Darseet Garasia Page 33 . the barb . the additional barbs on the shank holds the bait more effectively. the bend and shank .the end of the hook that is connected to the fishing line or lure. Popular Common Hook Types: Aberdeen Light wire long shank hook.that portion of the hook that connects the point and the eye. 1/0 is the smallest up to the largest hook at 19/0 The Anatomy of a Fish Hook The parts fish hook are referred as: It’s point. that secures the fish from unhooking. Bait Holder The bait holder hook is one of the most popular live bait hook styles today.the projection extending backwards from the point.All you need to know about “FISHING” confusing hooks that are sized using a fraction type.aught) compared to a 1/0 the sizing system is reversed so the higher the number the larger the hook. the eye .the sharp end that penetrates the fish's mouth or flesh. and the gap . the long shank allows the angler easy removal of the hook from panfish that tends to swallow the bait.

designed with a turned up eye and offset bend. Upon a fish swallowing your bait. Very popular hook for Catfish. They are available in a assortment of painted or metallic colors.All you need to know about “FISHING” Circle Circle hooks are a excellent choice for live bait catch and release anglers. A sharp pulling hook set is not required. spawn sacs. Egg Commonly called salmon egg hook. so the hook rides upward along with the placement of a barb on the shank which holds the bait. Octopus The extra gap and rounded shape of Octopus hooks are very popular and used for most species of fish. just maintain tension and the fish will hook itself in the corner of the mouth as the fish moves away. The salmon egg hook is used primarily for drift fishing along current by using natural or imitation salmon eggs. The Octopus is ideal for rigging cut bait for Catfish or Salmon. Rotating A special compound curve on the offset/rotating hook automatically turns when a fish bites on the bait. minnows for Bass. the inward bend of the hook point allows the hook to slide along the inside of the fish’s throat until it reaches the mouth. Sturgeon and Muskies anglers. Darseet Garasia Page 34 . The lip hook rate using a circle hook is about 95% it also reduces the mortality rate of fish to be released to fight another day. worms and grubs for Salmon and Trout. Pike and Walleyes and are good choice for building crawler harnesses.

The treble is mainly used on artificial lures and spoons attached by using a split ring. trees. This allows the hook to be fished in weeds logs. The offset/ rotating hook twists. adjust the eye so it is just inside the lure. Treble hooks today comes in a assortment of colors as well as feathers tied on as a trailer/teaser hook on lures. Weedless The weedless hook has a light wire wrapped on the shank formed in a loop that covers the point of the hook. turn the hook straight and insert the hook point into the body. Darseet Garasia Page 35 . Used on Texas and Carolina Rigs. and pull the shaft of the hook through until the eye is at the head. rocks and lily pads. The front bend on a worm hook is used to lock lures such as worms and lizards from moving down the shank by simply inserting the hook point into the head of the lure down about a 1/4 inch. holds bait better and hooks fish better. stumps. Treble Treble hooks are a single eye of three hooks fused together with three shanks evenly spaced.All you need to know about “FISHING” The sweeping rotational curve places the point in position for penetration from any angle. Offset/Worm Worm hooks are used for fishing soft plastic's lures. Bring the hook point out of the lure. Upon a fish striking the bait the wire compresses exposing the hook point.

In setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait.7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting. No bass fishing arsenal is complete without knowledge and how to fish the Texas rig. pushing hook completely through.5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Soft Plastic Lures Worms /Lizards/Grubs/Crawfish How to Rig Thread the Bullet Sinker on the line making sure the nose of the sinker faces the rod tip. Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 . What you need for a Texas Rig Assortment of Bullet Sinkers (Lead Brass or Steel) 1/8 .4/0 . Line: 10 lb to 14 lb testlow stretch monofilament. The Texas rig is adaptable to all kinds of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush. Darseet Garasia Page 36 . thumb bar line release medium line capacity. logs) as possible. watch your line as well as many fish will strike the rig on the fall. let the rig rest on the bottom and then begin to retrieve in a very slow. To make the weight stationary peg the bullet with a piece of toothpick. Always keep little tension on the line because learning this technique is a lot about learning to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish.1/2. Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio. Considered a finesse technique not a search bait such as inline spinner crank bait or spinner bait.All you need to know about “FISHING” Texas Rig The Texas rig is adaptable to all types of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush. Tie on the hook using a Palmor or a Improved Clinch Knot Optional: Plastic or Glass Bead between the weight and hook. When casting or flipping try to let the rig enter the water with as little noise as possible and keep some controlled slack in the line.1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 . If you don�t get a bite. or use a screw in bullet weight.3/4 -1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 Small Soft Plastic's 3/0 . Insert the hook about 3/8" through the nose of the soft plastic bait. The presentation is placement as close to cover (weeds.3/16 . jerk pause motion.

Removes just as easy by pinching the other end. just pinch it on and off. this locks the soft plastic lure on the hook Insert the point of the hook back into the soft plastic making sure the bait hangs straight. The two types of sinkers are: attached on the line by pinching. Fishing Weights (Sinkers) Fishing weights (sinkers) are made from two basic materials lead and steel. Darseet Garasia Page 37 . Carolina and the sliding sinker rig that are primarily fished on the bottom. Fishing with the split shot rig is considered a finesse technique by adding a split shot sinker in front of your live bait offering. twisted on using rubber insert or tied directly to your line (Bottom Bouncers / Bead Chain Sinkers). Unlike the other rigs mentioned Texas.All you need to know about “FISHING” Embed the offset portion on the upper shank of the hook into the nose of the soft plastic. you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. Insert the point of the hook into the body of the bait. This will help insure a good hook set. the split shot rig gently moves downward after a cast. The nice thing is. you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. Split Shot Rig This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. The other is sliding: which allows the fishing line to slide or pass through the weight from a hole or a eyelet. This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. using line 4-8lb test on a light to medium light spinning rod and reel set-up. Used for live bait and lures. It is a good idea to push the hook through a couple of times to make a small hole or channel in the plastic. The nice thing is. Popular Common Sinkers / Weights Types: Split Shot Pinches easily onto your line where you want to set depth at. The same principle applies in using sinkers for your set-up use the lightest possible sinker in order to detect fish strikes. This makes it weedless. until it reaches the bottom thus requiring patience to fish it correctly. just pinch it on and off.

where fish often hang under. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. If the slack in the line tightens or you feel a slight tick you have a bite. Conversely by placing the split shot 3 feet or more up the line will minimize the action of the live bait. upon engaging the reel beginning the retrieve keep the bait moving on a semi-tight line leaving a little slack. make a easy sweep upward to set the hook and keep the pressure on the fish. which gives the bait adequate freedom of movement. it is also surprisingly good in light timber using a weedless hook and a light split shot where the weight isn�t heavy enough to pull it down into the branches. Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Tip Add a split shot in front of a floating crankbait or a rigged soft plastic bait. Different size shot change the lure's sink rate and you can vary retrieve speeds to produce an enticing "up and down" action. watch the line after the cast for any subtle changes or sideway movement a twitch means you have a bite. The split-shot rig is also effective around floating boat docks. Add split shot Darseet Garasia Page 38 . Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. Tackle Suggestions Rod: 6-6 to 7-0 foot-Light to Medium Light/ Medium Action Spinning Reel: Light Spinning balanced with the rod Line" 4-8 lb test monofilament What you need for a split shot rig Weight/Sinkers All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. then add one or two split shot sinkers starting about 1 foot above the lure. This finesse technique is used for shallow water or clear water fish that have been seeing a lot of action. The placement of the split shot is more versatile and adjustable than most anglers think. steep breaklines sloping banks and bluffs where fish suspend. Avoid keeping the line too tight this will take away the natural presentation of the bait. As a finesse technique this will require the angler to keep alert while using this rig. Rigging minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #4-#6-#8. it is excellent for open water covering vertical structure.All you need to know about “FISHING” There is no wrong way to fish this rig. The general consensus is position the split shot 18 inches above the hook. The closer the weight is to the bait the more precise your casting will be. giving a pronounced action. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. How to Rig Tie a hook on the line using a Improved Clinch Knot. Tie on your lure of choice. To add depth to your lure for trolling add a split shot or for increased depth add a rubber core sinker. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers. But by placing it closer to the bait like within a 12" or less the bait will react more like a jig.

As the split shots on the rig and bait ticks along the bottom. The rig is cast upstream in the current and allowed to sink to the bottom. Some fish are caught in this portion of the drift where the rig is bouncing. Fishing the stream rig takes some finesse and can be difficult for the new angler to pick-up. The key here is to have enough weight attached to let the rig to bounce along the current. by applying pressure pulls the split shot off the dropper saving the hook and swivel. soft action spinning rods with 4-8lb test line for drift fishing. The long soft action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations. The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. slowly towards the angler as it moves downstream.. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water. set the hook. salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round Darseet Garasia Page 39 . If you're unsure . but requires a very light touch and feel to detect what is the bottom and what is a fish. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water.. this is where the angler must pay close attention to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. but most bites occur at the bottom end of the drift when it is quartering (The swing) back through the current towards the angler. twitch or pulling sensation can be a fish. Any bump. What you need for a stream rig Weight/Sinkers An assortment of split shots sizes 3/0-7-5 for light current 2-3-4 for faster current. 8� to 10 foot drift rods are common. This allow the angler not to lose the entire rig if hung up. you'll develop a 'sense' of what is bottom and what is a fish. Suggested Tackle: The basic rod and reel set-up for fishing the stream rig is light for the sensitivity. At this point the rig is moving slower than the dead drift portion of the drift and more fish are apt to see and strike the bait quartering than coming straight at them. The basic presentation of the rig is relatively simple. After a while. The stream rig is very similar to the three way rig with the exception of the sinker dropper line which uses a series of split shots instead of a casting (bell) sinker. Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish in the current this allows the use of light line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Stream Rig The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. many anglers prefer longer light.

Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. Rubber Core Attach to line thorugh the slot in the sinker and twisting the inner rubber core around line to secure it. Popular hooks for walleye. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/30") and the split shots to the other at (6/10") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot. steelhead and salmon are octopus and egg styles size #6-#8 for salmon eggs. one at 6 to 10 inches and the other at 24 to 30 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel.All you need to know about “FISHING” case for a selection of sizes and weight or the individual packs . spawn sac�s and small minnows. Three way swivel The three way swivel used should be of good quality and as small as possible size 8-6 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel. Darseet Garasia Page 40 . Add/tie the drop lines. Used when heavier weight is required. Add the appropriate amount of split shots to the sinker dropper line. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers and cut bait. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with.

The weights range from 1/8oz to 1/2oz.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drop Shot Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights. when the line goes slack reel up until the line is tight with the weight on the bottom. now shake the rod gently. walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community. cast or drop the rig straight down over the side of the boat. round or rectangular of lead or tungsten and come with a tie on clip on the top. The most Darseet Garasia Page 41 . a side way movement or just pressure on the line. Fishing the drop shot is simple. you just want your bait to wiggle. Drop Shot Rig The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community. round or rectangular of lead or tungstenthat come with a tie on clip on the top. It is especially good for suspended fish that requires vertical placement of the bait in front of active fish. Set the hook using a upward sweeping motion. The weights range from 1/8 to1/2 oz. Suggested Tackle : As a finesse rig the drop shot is best fished on light line and spinning outfits. A bite can be a subtle tug. The drop shot is a way of tying your hook up the line and putting the lead on the bottom. Rod: Light fast action 6'-6" to 7' foot Reels: Light Spinning balanced to the rod Line: 6-8 lb monofilament What you need for a Drop Shot Rig Weight/Sinkers Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights.

The Palomar Knot . tighten the knot. make a loop at that length and pass the line through the hook eye from the point side. Allow the hook to dangle. A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. over mud/sand flats. or open basins. logs. The bottom bouncer can be as light a1/2 oz up 3 ounces.All you need to know about “FISHING” common weights used are 3/16 . leeches through its sucker. For rigging small soft plastic�s use a 1/0 or 2/0 offset worm hook. Just Click Here . We recommend first time users to practice tying this rig at home before heading out on the water. The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks. A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. This is all attached to your rod. Using a bottom bouncer is a search technique by covering a lot of water efficiently (trolling or drifting) in seeking active feeding fish especially walleyes that tend to related to bottom Darseet Garasia Page 42 .3/8 oz. In rigging small soft plastic�s if you're fishing open water run the hook thru it�s nose with the hook exposed. Be sure the hook rides horizontally from the line. and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. As a reference you should print out a copy of our knot instructions as a guide. Live bait minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #6-#8. Another alternative is a casting sinker a bell shaped sinker with a tie on swivel molded on the top. crawler harness or floating spinner rigs attached to the non weighted arm via a snap swivel. Leaving one end connected to the rod and the other tag end to tie on the drop shot weight using a Improved Clinch Knot . Bottom bouncers are weighted L-shaped piece of heavy wire using live bait. How to Rig The drop shot rig is a easy rig to tie as long as you become comfortable with the knot used for the hook. Bottom Bouncer The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks. being careful not to twist the lines or tighten the knot. Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Lures/Live bait Bait versatility is advantage of the drop shot rig. but any small hooks will work. logs. Hooks There are many specialized drop shot hooks on the market. or open basins. if there is cover in the area you can rig it Texas style making it weedless (See Texas Rig above) Live Bait hook the minnow through it�s mouth. by tying the line to the eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer. over mud/sand flats. To tie a drop shot rig determine how far off the bottom you want your bait to be 18 to 36 inches. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook Pulling at both ends of the line.

Suggested Tackle: Rods 6�-6" to 7"-0" Medium-Power Medium action casting rod with a long handle for rod holder placement. Bait Walker The Bait Walker is a trade name for a similar rig only smaller in overall size. Artificial lures are all so used with good success. and copper. or non-fluorescent colors for clear water. Typically the blade sizes and types on pre rigged worm harnesses and minnow rigs are Indiana and Colorado blades sizes 1-ounce for under 15 feet. control and feel. small floating crank baits and flutter spoons for walleye and bass down to reaching the depths for lake trout. Weight selection depends on a combination of depth and speed. floating snells. The weight is located on the bottom tip of the lower arm than in the middle on a bottom bouncer. You do not want the line to be vertical. gold. engage the reel to tighten line as close to a 45 degree angle from the 40-foot depths. The Indiana spins tighter to the rig than the Colorado Darseet Garasia Page 43 . Recommended Bottom Bouncer Weights: 1/2. Colors/Blades The same basic fish attracting principles applies when it comes to color selection on blades or lures. The weight design is tapered. twitch or pressure on the line) lean the rod tip forward slightly and use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish in setting the hook this helps eliminating any slack line ensuring a good hookset. yellow. Hooks/Rigs/Lures With the hundreds of rigging options that the bottom bouncer offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter. Another feature is the selection of weight options 1/4 oz up to 10 ounces allowing the angler the versatility to use the lightest 3-ounces for 30. 1 1/2. (use shallow to mid range running lures) or light weight trolling (flutter) spoons are also popular. rounded and has a concave flat top which makes the bait walker feel like a keel sinker providing little resistance as it rides across the bottom. bladed worm harnesses and minnow rigs sold in shops that vary in leader lengths from 12 to 30 inches. Reels: Medium-capacity baitcasting reel. excellent for trolling in preventing line twist. What you need for a bottom bouncer Weight Sizes Most all fishing shops and large discount stores sells bottom bouncers. use hot orange. floating crank baits. nickel. or chartreuse for darker water. For live bait there are prerigged: live bait snells. Fishing a bottom bouncer. these all attach to the bottom bouncer snap from a pre tied loop on the end of the 2-ounces for 15 to 20 feet. the key to a proper presentation is using the correct weight. by having the 45 angle provides enough distance for the bouncer to work correctly and gives it enough distance from the boat not to spook the fish. this guarantees frequent bottom contact. Line: 10-14 pound test low stretch monofilament. 2 1/2. silver. the angler casts or releases the line allowing the rig to sink to the bottom. or neutral colors for conditions in between.All you need to know about “FISHING” structure. When you feel a bite ( a subtle tap.

and length of leader. Attach the appropriate rig to the top arm snap swivel. Bead Chain / Trolling Great for trolling lighter lures with out having to use lead core line or downriggers Darseet Garasia Page 44 . How to Rig Tie the bottom bouncer on the center eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer using a Improved Clinch Knot. greater thump and more vibration. night crawler or leech). artificial lures.All you need to know about “FISHING” producing less of a thump. conversely a broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the rig producing a lift. You would be best served before heading out to do a little research with the local sport shop or local fishing guides in finding out the correct bait rigging set-up for the waters you�re fishing. As you can see. rig blade color and type.straight or jointed crankbaits. colors. fishing a bottom bouncer presents numerous bait rigging questions: Type of live bait (minnow. spoons .

It is a successful method of soft plastic bait presentation in all depths of water. twitch or pressure on the line in setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait. Bullet As the name implies it is shaped like a Bullet used on Texas rigs in front of the worm. The Carolina rig is basically a modified Texas rig with a few additions and similar to a sliding sinker bottom rig used for walleyes. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. lizards or on Carolina rigs. Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. Darseet Garasia Page 45 . Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 1/2. Areas were the bottom is made up of rocks and boulders that are very close together is another area where the rig is sure to get caught up. with it’s pointed nose it slides easily through the weeds or wood with out getting snagged. A bite on a Carolina rig can be a subtle tap. For example areas of extreme weeds or brush don�t lend themselves to the usage of a Carolina rig.7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting. Cast and retrieve slow is the key for a successful presentation. Fishing with a Carolina rig you can see why they are so effective as the rig is drawn across the bottom the soft plastic bait will move side to side upward and downward bumping weeds and bouncing off rocks. The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass.All you need to know about “FISHING” Bank Similar to the walking sinker but comes in heavier weights 1oz-6oz Squared edge design helps you keep your bait where you want it. its only limitation is certain types of cover that you are trying to move it through. Carolina Rig The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio. What you need for a Carolina Rig Assortment of Sinkers Types Bullet or Egg (Lead.3/4 . the top loop makes it easy to tie on or let the weight slide up and down the line. thumb bar line release medium line capacity. Casting All around general sinker used on many rigs. The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist. Then slip on a glass bead. Darseet Garasia Page 46 . Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. Tie your hook on to the leader on the other end tie on your swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knotfor both.Small Soft Plastic's 3/0-4/0 . if your using a bullet weight be sure the point is facing the rod tip. Tie on the leader to the other side of the swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knot . In rigging your soft plastic�s on the hook use the same procedure as the Texas Rig above. Brass or Steel) 1/8 . the general rule is 18 inches of leader per 10 feet of water.3/16 .1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible. Slip on the sinker on your main line.1/2 . 18" to 36" is the most common.5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Lures Just about any type of soft plastic baits How to Rig Determine the leader length. Line: 10lb to 14 lb low stretch monofilament. this adds sound that attracts bass and acts as a insulator protecting the knot from the banging of the weight. Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 . Sizes 5-6-7 Are large enough to stop the sliding weight.1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 .

They wiggle and wobble in the current. as the slack of the line tightens. The most common used is a casting (bell) type sinker ranging in weight sizes of 1/23/4-1 oz. The three way is used from a stationary position. When you see a bite the tip of the rod will twitch. release as much for the desired length from the boat. Floating crank baits are a superb way to use the three way rig on rivers. For rivers with extreme current. The set-up for this is simple. simply drop the rod tip towards the rig allowing it to collapse the rig back to the fish. The bite indicator is your rod tip the key to sense a strike is to have no excess line between the three-way and the rod. What you need for a three way rig Weight/Sinkers The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig. so you don�t feed line upon a bite. free spool the line over the side of the boat until the sinker reaches the bottom. Catfish 6�-6" to 7�-0" Medium/Fast Action Baitcasting with 20lb to 30lb monofilament test line. The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” Three Way Rig The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig. Trolling Options With the depth control of the three way rig some innovative anglers use this rig for a trolling presentation. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig. Unlike the sliding sinker bottom rig three-ways don�t slip. River currents creates drag on the line which reduces sensitivity and control. they are a fixed bottom rig mainly used on river systems to place the bait at a set distance off the bottom. bank and pyramid sinkers are rigged with weight sizes Darseet Garasia Page 47 . experiment to find what the fish prefer. In other words you do not want to have a bow in your line from the rod to the rig. instead of the hook add a snap or tie directly on a floating crank bait. As the sinker bounces along the bottom the crank bait will ride about 20 inches above. This set-up is excellent for river walleyes and white bass. its time to set the hook using the upward sweeping motion of the rod. Tighten up the line as much as possible to have a direct line from the rod to the rig. anchored in a boat or from a shoreline. troll upstream they vibrate madly go downstream move along slightly faster than the current to make the lure wiggle. Suggested Tackle: Rod/Reel/Line Set-ups: White Bass/Stripers & Walleye 6�-6" to 7�0" Medium/Fast Action Spinning Rod and Reel with 10lb monofilament test line. engage your reel keeping your finger on the line.

this way if the sinker gets hung up. Egg The egg sinker is used on multiple rigs. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. Disc Used in fast water currents lays flat on the bottom where snags are a problem. as a sliding sinker or pegged to function as a stationary weight. Weight Sizes 1oz to 8 oz Darseet Garasia Page 48 . reduce the drop line pound test for the sinker than the main line or hook line. Flat Also known as a No Roll this flat sliding sinker planes right to the bottom and hold for use in heavy current. Hooks White Bass/Stripers Walleye size #4-#6 Octopus/Aberdeen Hooks/Floating Jigs size 4 Catfish size 1/0-2/0 Circle/Octopus Hooks Swivel A three way marine brass swivel size 4 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/36") and the sinker to the other at (12/18") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot. one at 12 to 18 inches and the other at 24 to 36 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel.All you need to know about “FISHING” starting from 1 oz up to 8 ounces. Tip: If you fish in area�s with a lot of snags. the lighter dropper line with the sinker breaks with out loosing the entire rig. add/tie the drop lines. Weight Sizes 1/2 oz to 4 oz. You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up.

Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you’re targeting it has many names the most common is the trade name Lindy Rig. This feature prevents the a fish from feeling the weight as the line passes through the sinker. holding more weight. Catfish Rig.hook . Walking Sinker Rig and Sturgeon Rig. Sliding Sinker Bottom Rig The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing.leader .All you need to know about “FISHING” Pyramid Great sinker for fishing swift rivers and heavy surf that have a soft bottom (mud and sand) the corners dig in keeping the weight stationary. This allows the sinker to “walk” on the bottom over rocks and rubble reducing the chance of snagging. The basic rig is simple. others include: Live Bait Rig.floating jig. Slip Rig. weight/sinker . Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you�re targeting it has many names the most common is the Lindy Rig a trade name.or crawler/minnow rigs all used for live bait. Walleye Rig. The fishing presentation allows the sinker to rest on the water bottom with the bait suspended above. The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing. The bottom is also rounded and bent upwards. Darseet Garasia Page 49 . The semi-flat design also prevents it from rolling in faster currents. River Rig. Walking A very popular walleye angler sinker. A rectangular sinker with rounded outside edges a top eye for the line with the bottom slightly wider and larger in size than top. Weight Sizes 1 oz to 8 oz.swivel/stop . Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 1/2 oz.

This technique is highly successful for catfish and sturgeon on river systems. Line: Large Catfish 20lb to 30lb test low stretch monofilament. for 6-10 feet of water 1/4 oz. Walking sinkers are the most generally used and work the best over rocks and along mud bottoms. Watch the rod tip closely as this will be the bite indicator. Walleye and catfish are notorious for picking up bait and dropping it as soon as they feel resistance. for 10-15 feet of water 1/2 oz. for 35 feet and deeper The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait. for 15-25 feet of water 3/4 oz. engage the reel and set the hook using a sweeping motion of the rod. wait a few seconds. release or cast allowing as much line out until it is at the desired distance from your boat. Slowly retrieve the rig along the bottom. When the rod tip twitches. Fishing from a Boat When casting the sliding sinker bottom rig allow the rig to sink to the bottom. open the free spool on your reel. What you need for a sliding sinker bottom rig With the hundreds of options that this rig offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter.7�. If you feel a twitch or a tap release you�re finger give it a few seconds engage the reel bringing the line tight slowly and set the hook. As a general rule you�ll need a 1/8 of an ounce for every 10 feet of depth for lake systems that have minimal of current. Recommended Sliding Sinker Weights 1/8 oz. feel for bites as many times this acts as a trigger for a following fish. Leave the reel in free spool and use your finger to stop and hold the line. Line: Walleye 6lb-8lb test low visibility monofilament. this adds action to your bait. As the boat moves the line will become tight once the sinker reaches the bottom. But here are some general guidelines to follow: Weight/Sinkers Any type of sliding sinker will work for this rig. Bullet sinkers will slide through the weeds better as the taper head will not pick up bits of vegetation and floating debris. Egg. Controlled Drifting or Trolling When front trolling.0" Foot -Light to Medium Light Power Spinning / Fast action Rod: Large Catfish: 6�-6" to 7�-0" Foot -Medium Heavy Power Bait Casting / Fast action Reel: Walleye: Light spinning balanced tothe rod Reel: Large Line capacity Bait Casting. While holding your rod periodically give it a small pump keeping your finger on the line. back trolling or on a controlled drift. and pyramid sinkers are all used for river rigging ranging in Darseet Garasia Page 50 . reel up the line until it is tight. the basic principles apply the same. as the slack line becomes tight. Open the free spool on your reel allowing the fish to swim away on a free line after grabbing the bait. this brings the sinker up to the swivel/stop. Cast the rig and reel up the line until it is tight. Set the rod in a rod holder. Use a bullet sinker when weeds are present. casting. After a few seconds engage the reel bring the line tight and set the hook. no roll. disc.Start with few a 1/8 -1/4 and 1/2 ounce sinkers this will cover most lake fishing techniques. River Fishing In fishing rivers with current from a boat anchored or from a shoreline as a set line. when a fish bites the live bait it usually pulls the line the opposite way of the sinker telegraphed by a small tug or twitch on your line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Suggested Tackle Rod: Walleye: 6�-6" . for 25-35 feet of water 1 oz.

Start with cutting the length of leaders at 24-to-36 inches use 6 to 8 lb test for walleye and bass . For the walking sinker make sure the bent bottom end is facing towards the rig or away from the rod tip. Note: Length of leader and size of hook will vary based on the fishing conditions. casting. Other hooking options include floating jigs sized by the hook #4-#6. After slipping the sinker on your line tie to the open end of the swivel on the leader using the Improved Clinch Knot. For small minnow and leeches use size #6-#8 for walleye crappie and bass. it is invisible in the water and abrasion resistant and has low stretch. Swivels Swivels are a simple but yet important part on your fishing gear when it comes to rigging. Swivels are also used as a component on a leader to attach your line. Hooks The octopus hook is the most widely used on this rig as a single hook or pre-rigged on a crawler/minnow rig harness. Once tied. Bullet sinkers face the tapered end towards the rod tip. all quality hook manufactures produces them in various sizes and colors. The swivel keeps your line from twisting. Live Bait All live bait will work on this rig. acts as a weight stop on your line along with spreading bottom rigs ( 3way swivel) for proper presentations. we recommend using fluorocarbon monofilament as the leader material. Catfish and sturgeon sizes range from 1 to 6/0.8lb to 10lb for light catfish & pike . Egg. Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible. The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist. Crawler and minnow prerigged harnesses with single or double blades work extremely well in stained or murky water by producing a loud blade vibrations helping the fish locate your bait. Tie the hook on one end using a Improved Clinch Knot tie the other end to the swivel using the same knot Thread the sinker onto your fishing line.All you need to know about “FISHING” weights from a 1/8 to 8 ounces. disc. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers for walleye northern pike and trout. How to Rig Begin with making the leader. the slip sinker should be above the swivel and move freely. and pyramid sinkers have no preference. You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up. Be sure the swivel is large enough to stop the sliding weight.20lb for medium catfish -Large catfish & sturgeon 30 to 40lb test. no roll. This can be purchased at quality sport shops as 10 to 20 yard spools. Barrel Darseet Garasia Page 51 .

Shy/Light Bite Slip 8. Large Bait Slip Darseet Garasia Page 52 . There are a variety colors. Lighted Slip 3. The bobber or float presents the bait at a pre set depth and acts as a strike indicator when a fish bites. Round Attached 2. Antenna Slip 7. Popular Common Bobbers (Floats) 1. slip bobbers that the fishing line passes through for deep water fishing and the fixed bobber that uses a spring lock or snap for shallow water fishing. Waggler Slip 9. lighted or glow for night time fishing. Weighted Spring Attached 4. Glow Slip 5. Slip 6. shapes and size bobbers available today.All you need to know about “FISHING” Ball Bearing Three Way Snap Swivel Fishing Bobbers (Floats) Fishing with a bobbers is one the most common and simple set-ups.

connected to a pike leader attached to a tennis ball sized bobber. By doing this your success and catch rate will increase dramatically. cigar shaped floats use a spring that is pulled back with the line inserted into a slot. especially large ones. and to detect a bite from your bobber. For a bobber or float to work properly. small vinyl strips and dacron knots on a tube. Many anglers began their first fishing experience using a red and white bobber rig off a dock or boat for panfish. it's design has a hollow tube through it and will slide freely from the hook or bottom weight to the stop. Unfortunately they never received guidance or advice for the correct presentation. but at least they are fishing. by releasing the spring. or can be tied by the angler using this knot ( Stop Knot ) The bobber stop when used correctly is small enough to pass through the rod guides and reel mechanisms when retrieved or cast. The stop point on the line is called a bobber stop. The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. but is large enough to stop the bead on a slip bobber. only limited by the depth of the water and the amount of line on the reel. Using a bobber to hook length longer than the rod will restrict your casting ability and the fish landing as the attached bobber stops the line at the rod tip hampering your efforts to net the fish. Conventional round bobbers achieve this by attaching directly to a fixed point on the line using a snap. While the basic bobber set-up is simple we have witnessed over the years many anglers over-rig this set-up by using a extremely large hook. there has to be some point to hold the bobber from movement on the line to float. this can be purchased at a store as rubber pellets. it is designed to move (slide) up and down the line and will not interfere with casting or landing a fish. will hold the line. The attached to line bobbers will work but are limited to very shallow water a few feet or so. To properly fish a attached bobber or slip bobber rig the key is to use the smallest and lightest tackle in order to present the live bait as natural as possible.All you need to know about “FISHING” Sliding Slip Bobber Rig The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. in other words the amount of line from the attached bobber to your hook should be shorter than you�re rod length. Darseet Garasia Page 53 . Thus the angler using slip bobbers can fish at any depth.

this means a fish has taken your bait and is swimming upward eliminating the weight that kept the bobber upright. bluegills. The best bobber size is about 1 inch or equal to a quarter for small worms. You should have variety of floats enabling to fish in various situations and conditions. They come in a variety of sizes to match the live bait. set/slide the bobber stop accordingly. hump or crib. Walleyes and perch relate to bottom structure. down. After the cast wait for the bait to sink and the bobber to go upright before reeling in any slack line. often referred as a shy bite or a waggler float. easy to cast. a alligator clip attached to a lead weight. Setting the correct depth is critical for successful slip bobbering. Cigar Shaped Slip Floats For light biting fish. Easily cast and best used when fishing calm water over structure. Start at 6" to 12" inches off the bottom and adjust the bobber stop upward from there. What you need for a slip bobber rig/bobber Type of Floats/Bobbers There are variations in styles and types of floats. Matching the live bait. Reel . Round Basic Bobber The round attached bobber comes in a rainbow of colors made of hard plastic or Styrofoam that have a spring clip on the bottom attaching to the line. Once reeled up the slip bobber should rest above the split shot with the bobber stop on your reel. Oval Slip Floats A larger float used for larger minnows small suckers and red tail chubs. Suggested Tackle: Any light rod & reel set-up will work but we suggest a longer rod in aiding longer casts and setting the hook.8 pound test monofilament.4 . the slip bobber rig should be balanced with the correct amount of weight including the live bait. if the bobber goes flat on the water. The bobber/float should only be large enough to hold your bait and float upright in the water.7' to 8' foot plus. To began. If your bobber lays flat on the surface. crappies and bass often suspend higher. In setting the hook reel in any slack line. these have a thinner profile and offer the least resistance on a bite. Adjust the bobber stop upward or add weight. For night fishing there are LED lithium battery tipped lighted floats. Keep alert for any movements. rock pile.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing a slip bobber is an effective way to catch almost any species of fish. made of Styrofoam or balsa. you�re probably on the bottom or need additional weight. It�s time to fish. Upon setting the proper depth and weight balance on the slip bobber. An inexpensive tool to use in setting the correct depth off the bottom is a ice fishing depth finder. up. A popular float in Europe for light biting fish. that way it will be sensitive to any type of bite. smaller for leeches and worms larger for minnows. light with medium action spinning rod. larger bait requires a larger float or a fishing presentation such asdrifting a float over a flat or fishing a targeted piece of structure. These can purchased at any fishing shop for under two dollars. Line . Made of Styrofoam or balsa Pencil Slip Float This is the lightest and thinnest float used to detect a bite. use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish this helps ensuring a good hookset. Great for kids who fish off a dock. Pear Shaped Slip Float These are the most common. Clip the depth finder on the hook release the line until reaches the bottom. Rod . Fishing with attached bobber limit�s the amount of line to a few feet for shallow water. Made of balsa.Any good quality spinning reel balanced to the rod with a smooth drag. and will work in waves or still water conditions. They are a good choice Darseet Garasia Page 54 . sideways. indicating a bite.

Weight/Sinkers Proper weighting and placement are the utmost important when using a slip bobber. minnows. Live bait Worms. if more than one split shot is used always place the smaller split shot closest to the hook. leeches. they attach by running the line through the loop and pull the stop onto the line. Start by placing the split shot 8 to 12 inches from the hook.All you need to know about “FISHING” for (drifting) covering an expanse of water as the increased profile will drift along pushed from the wind and waves. The correct weight and placement will keep your line vertical through the water allowing the float to indicate even the lightest bite. If you get snagged and Darseet Garasia Page 55 . How to rig a slip bobber Began by threading the stop knot tube on the line Push the stop knot off the tube onto the line toward the rod tip and remove tube. Made of Styrofoam or balsa. The Dacron stop is the most universally used as well as the easiest to adjust on monofilament just wet the line and slide the stop to the proper setting. Each size and type of slip bobber will require different sized split shot weights. Vinyl/Plastic strips that have small holes that you weave the line through and the Dacron knot stop that come on a small tube which is threaded onto the line. Try this for early and mid season walleyes. the tag ends are trimmed off. size #4 for minnows for walleyes and bass. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. Bobber Stops/Stop Knots There are three common types of bobber stops that are sold in shops. Rubber pellets that come attached to a fine wire loop. Sizes #6 and #8 for worms and leeches. be sure the top of the float is facing the rod tip. Pinch on a split shot below the float and tie on the hook on using a Improved Clinch Knot. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. Trim off the tag ends close to the knot. Another option is using a jig 1/64 to 1/8 ounce this offers color to the bait as well as a horizontal presentation. this will allow your bait to appear more natural. Minnows are the favorite during the spring and fall seasons with leeches and worm/night crawlers used during warmer summer months. Thread on the bead and slip float. Crappies and bluegills try a gold Aberdeen long shank hook size #6 or#8 tipped with a small minnow or redworm. the knot is pushed off the tube to the line then tighten. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. The Octopus hook is the most commonly used although circle hooks are equally effective. Pull the loose tag ends of the knot semi-tight to be adjustable. All three come with stop beads if the hole on the float is too large for the stop. For instance the main line is 8lb use 4lb or 6lb test from the swivel down to the hook. Tip Add a small barrel swivel above the split shot using lighter line than the main line.

It saves you time not chasing a floating bobber. Spawning begins when the water temperature reaches 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit and repeats monthly until water cools down in the fall.All you need to know about “FISHING” had to break the line. ponds and slow moving streams. walleye. The fathead minnow is a fresh water fish. Fatheads feed on small organic organisms. Shiners and Suckers. Most live bait are purchased at a local Sport Shop or for a rewarding experience can be caught by yourself. stained colored lakes. Fathead minnows are sometimes called "tuffy". In Northern States. The most commonly used and commercially sold minnows are Fatheads. Chubs. active fresh minnows. Dependent on the time of the year and water temperatures or when fishing slows down live bait is definitely the preferred choice for a successful catch. Fishing with Bait Fish To most anglers the word minnow means a small fish used for bait. Fishing with Live Bait With all of the innovative and high tech features that artificial lures currently have. worms and leeches catch fish. and crappie to feed on. and their maximum length seldom exceed three inches in size thus making them one of the best forage fish available for bass. bluegill. Chub (Creek Chub) Darseet Garasia Page 56 . In Southern states it lives in silt or mud bottomed lakes ponds and slow moving rivers. it will also save you money by learning how to keep your bait alive. black and rosy red (orange). They generally reach 2 to 3 inches in length and have a life span of two to three years. native to most states. This keeps the float as the swivel acts as a stop on your main line. types of containers and care for inland freshwater fishing. Minnows are apart of a fish family that includes over 250 species in North America. the fathead minnow inhabits boggy. Whether you buy or catch your bait it should always be kept fresh and lively. you would only lose the hook and split shot by breaking the lighter line. The following are the most popular live bait used. "ruby red"." They come in two different colors. or "blackhead. fishing with live bait still produces over 50% of freshwater game fish caught in North America. Fathead Fatheads are the most popular and universal of baitfish and are commonly used as forage for game fish.

some reach 8 inches. Their native range is Midwest and Eastern States. They have been observed using active nests of largemouth bass to deposit their own eggs. brown trout. The finished nest is a small mound of stones 1-3 feet in diameter and a few inches high. The eggs are deposited into a small depression opened by the male in the nest. Golden shiners live in clear. ponds. especially in the Northern States for ice fishing. loons. Golden Shiner The golden shiner are found throughout the U. Females reach about 7"-8" weigh up to 8-10 oz. Redfin Shiner. This behavior is quite remarkable since largemouth bass are know to feed heavily on them. and smallmouth bass. and occasionally rivers. Young golden shiners are silvery with a dark band on the side as they mature the band fades developing a golden color with a dark bronze brown back. kingfishers. Hornyhead Chub ( Red Tail Chub) The hornyhead chub. young fish have a distinct spot. Golden shiners spawn over an extended period from May to July. Little creek chubs even have to watch out for bigger creek chubs. and mouth of the common shiner seem noticeably large. The hornyhead feeds primarily on insect larvae. Males sometimes attain lengths of 10"-12" and weigh up to 12 oz. Also known as Silver Shiner. weedy. river chub some males excavate their own small nests. Eggs are released. In comparison with similar species. The common shiner feeds at or just below the water surface primarily on insects. also known as the redtail chub. Because it is common and readily caught it is important forage fish for many game fish as a popular bait minnow. Spawning occurs from late May through June. The creek chub is one of the "Big Three" native minnows (the other two are common shiner and hornyhead chub). the head. such as earthworms and crustaceans. It inhabits both warm and coldwater streams and may be found in the same cooler waters as trout. northern pike. largemouth bass. Common shiners spawn in spring. Both young and adult fish show schooling patterns in shallow depths no greater than 2-3 ft. silvery on the sides. but they commonly spawn over the nest of a creek chub. Because they often school in lakes. American Roach and Pond Shiner Darseet Garasia Page 57 . with the exception of a few upper Western States. and mergansers also commonly eat them. Also known as Roach. Gravel in riffles is often used for spawning. Common Shiner Common shiners average about 2 1/2 to 4 inches long. eyes. Eastern Shiner. which is red. shallow sections of lakes. The male constructs a nest carrying small rocks in his mouth to the spawning site. It is used as a popular baitfish for walleyes and northern pike. Adult males reach a length of about 6 to 9 inches (females are smaller). is olive brown on the back. Creek chubs can live for 7-8 years although few make it past 5. Creek Shiner. At the base of the tail. but eats other small animals. and creamy below. quiet. This spot becomes less distinct with age. some algae is also eaten.All you need to know about “FISHING” Creek chubs are a main forage item for many predators.S. Their color is basically silvery with a dusky back. fertilized and allowed to settle into vegetation while mating fish continue to swim. such as walleyes.

some unusual specimens weighing as much as 8 pounds. Although the white sucker is found in a wide variety of water conditions. brook sucker. Here’s a few pointers in keeping your live bait alive long enough to be useful especially during the summer months 1. They tolerate low oxygen levels and extreme water temperatures. Small amounts of ice can be added periodically. but do not overload the ice or the temperature drop will shock the fish and kill them. Their color is olive brown. slender sucker. like common sucker. The white sucker goes by a number of other names. Keep your bait bucket in the shade and out of direct sunlight.. Young white suckers are used as bait for walleyes and northern pike.S. mullet. coarse-scaled sucker.Nothing kills minnows and suckers quicker than extreme heat. The white sucker is widely distributed through out most of the U. and they have a cylindrical shape. The belly is yellow to white and fins are brownish. black mullet. sucker. If the water in your bait container turns cloudy because of ammonia being released (waste) by the baitfish or they are at the top gasping for air the water needs to be changed. Used extensively as a bait minnow where plentiful. and they can tolerate low oxygen levels. mottled throughout. a few drops goes a long way. water systems. Also known as Mississippi mud minnow. If you're on a lake or river make sure you temper the water in the minnow bucket to the same temperature as the water system you're fishing by adding small amounts of water rather than submerging the entire bucket. sloughs. Most bait shops or your local pet store have chlorine removers in a liquid. The action of a struggling minnow/sucker on a hook with a natural scent will draw attention of nearby fish even enticing neutral or negative mood fish to a reactionary strike. Warm water greatly reduces the oxygen content. White suckers are usually about 10-20 inches long and weigh 1-2 pounds.All you need to know about “FISHING” Mud Minnow The upper part of the body is olive-brown in color. 2. Mudfish and Dogfish Suckers Suckers are found in nearly all types of waters with 80 species native to North America. large scales.. Keep them Cool…. White suckers feed on a variety of invertebrates found among stream and lake substrates. Note: (VHS) Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia is a deadly fish virus and a invasive species that is Darseet Garasia Page 58 . Water from a well or bottled water requires no de-chlorinator. swamps and other wetlands over mud and debris and often found in dense vegetation. Rapid change in temperature will send the baitfish into shock and they eventually die. mud sucker. In adding or changing water from a city tap use a de-chlorinator to remove the chlorine. these fish typically inhabit lakes and reservoirs that have tributary streams. Preferred bait for many walleye anglers because of its hardiness. june sucker and white horse. larger suckers for muskies. Care and Keeping of Baitfish When fishing with minnows and suckers having fresh lively bait can make a world of difference in getting a bite. Changing the Water…. The most common used for bait is the White Sucker. Central Mudminnows occur in quiet areas of streams. with up to 14 indistinct brown vertical bars on the sides and a prominent dark vertical bar located at the base of the tail. gray sucker.

Small ( Crappie Fathead Minnows) 3/4". Suckers & Shiners) 3 1/2" . Lip hooked baitfish are used tipped on a jig or live bait rigs. Small Chubs & Shiners) 2"-3 1/2" Standard 8 Qt 4-5 dozen Large ( Chubs. Proper amount of bait…. Using this method the baitfish will keep it alive for a longer time. Darseet Garasia Page 59 . This hooking technique is used when stationary fishing. and increase the toxic ammonia level from their waste. 3. Over crowding of minnows or suckers in a bait container will immediately reduce the amount of available oxygen. bottom bouncers. Check your bait often. Here is a recommended guide line based on minnow sizes and a standard sized minnow bucket at 8 quart capacity. be careful to pierce only the skin and not through the spine. By hooking the baitfish through the lips will keep the water from circulating into the gills and it will eventually die. If you over fill your container with minnows by the time you get to your destination from the bait shop probably and 1/3 or more of your bait will be dead floating on the top.All you need to know about “FISHING” threatening many game fish in North American water systems. The second option is hooking the baitfish through it’s back in front of the dorsal fin. transport and disposal of baitfish including the use of water from bait containers. Before fishing with live minnows and suckers. This allows the baitfish to look natural as it swims forward.and Up Standard 8 Qt 1-1 1/2 dozen Large Suckers 10" -18" Recommended 5 gallon bucket or larger 2-3 suckers Rigging Baitfish There are three basic options to bait a minnow on a hook. a floating/bobber set-up or for ice fishing hooking a baitfish on a tip-up. the hook shank will be facing forward with the tip of the hook facing up. The first is in the mouth insert the point of the hook under the lower lip and push the hook through the top lip. drop shot rig or on a float/bobber set-up.1" Standard 8 Qt 6 dozen Medium ( Fathead’s. Lip hooked baitfish also work well on preserved baits. Please support and follow all regulations in helping the DNR stop this threat. please check your Local Sport Shop / State Department of Natural Resources fishing regulations concerning the use. sliding weight bottom rig.

Insert the hook tip at the fleshy base of the tail and run it through. Other features now include notches. Today the traditional minnow bucket is still used only made from hard plastic. Trolling Buckets Trolling style buckets are ideal when trolling as they pull easily behind boat or in current when wading. Darseet Garasia Page 60 .All you need to know about “FISHING” The final option is hooking through the tail for free-line fishing. air hoses. The trolling bucket constantly aerates the bait as it moves through the water. Standard Two Bucket Design The traditional lift out bait bucket has a outer hard plastic bucket with a inner liner that fits inside. Use a simple split shot and hook rig cast the minnow gently and let it sink and drift while it swims freely. Here's a quick overview to choosing the right style of bucket for the different ways you may fish. The inner bucket has a floating cover with a snap open door the bottom is perforated like a strainer. The weighted keel design keeps the bucket from rolling over and positions the self closing bait door floating face up for easy access to your bait. Fishing Baitfish Containers The basic angling tool in keeping and transporting live baitfish to your fishing spot is the minnow bucket. Years back galvanized steel bait buckets were used and are still found in many tackle shops. This lets the angler to select bait from the liner by lifting out of the outer bucket draining the water. It is also useful when stationary fishing in keeping bait fresh and lively by placing the inner bucket liner in the lake or off a dock as a holding container. ending with the hook tip and shaft facing rearward. aerators and pliers. There are other styles and options available to make your fishing more efficient and convenient. holes and clips for holding dip nets.

Aerators Darseet Garasia Page 61 . Styrofoam Buckets For the seasoned angler we can bet that you have a collection of Styrofoam buckets in your garage or fishing shed.All you need to know about “FISHING” Plastic Insulated Buckets By combining a foam liner and the durability of a molded plastic outer bucket you have the best portable container for baitfish. For storing baitfish for several days add a battery powered aerator keeping the water oxygenated. with the solid lid design trying to pour out water with baitfish inside can be a tricky in not losing bait. The drawbacks are they are fragile and changing water. *Tip* For ice fishing foam buckets work very well in keeping the water from freezing but the lid in colder weather tends to freeze to the bucket. over time the foam liner should be cleaned from residue build up with a fine grit sandpaper and rinsed with plain water using no soap or cleaners. To eliminate freezing lids. The inner liner keeps baitfish cool during the warm months it also reduces freezing of water in colder temperatures. apply a thin layer of Vaseline around the outer edge of the lid and bucket. Foam buckets do a excellent job of keeping baitfish alive in heat or cold they insulate well and keep the water temperature consistent. They do come in handy when you need a extra bucket or forgot to bring yours along to the bait shop. The water should be periodically checked and changed.

in the long run you will be glad you did. all have the same general shape but differ in size and color. this allows the bait to float off the bottom when using weighted bottom rig. a built in light helpful for low light and night time fishing and low and high output oxygen level adjustment controls. Gentle aeration is the key. The other consideration is sound. Night Crawlers For years the night crawler has been the leading live bait choice among the majority of anglers. Using a small piece of a night crawler you can have fun catching perch. remember you will be listening to the humming of the pump while fishing. trout. The most common and popular worms used for bait are: Night Crawlers and Red Worms. any type of hook/weight rig. and sturgeon. we can attest for this first hand. you do not want your baitfish churning around your bucket in waves. it will vibrate and move around. hose and stone and save money. Fishing with Night Crawlers & Red Worms The earthworm is the most widely used bait for freshwater fishing and is one of easiest natural bait to collect and keep. air pump. catfish. Other upgraded options include adapters to hook up to a 12 volt battery. a small bottle with a needle and a protective cap. tipped on jig or under a bobber set-up for walleye. rock bass and other Panfish as well. Some tackle companies sells 110 volt air pump systems or you can visit your local pet shop and buy the components. porch or fishing cottage. largemouth and smallmouth bass. smaller bubbles carry more oxygen. secure the pump so it does not fall off into the water. There are hundreds of species of earthworms in North America. The night crawler is deadly and irresistible to most large game fish when used as live bait on a crawler harness. bluegill. invest in a high quality aerator that markets itself as whisper operation or quiet bubbles. Portable aerators use batteries from sizes from AA to D cells and have clips for attaching to bait bucket lids with air hoses and air stones. As a pump operates. *Tip* To make a night crawler more visible and enticing to fish inject them with small amounts of air. Darseet Garasia Page 62 . This allows you to keep baitfish alive for days in your garage.All you need to know about “FISHING” Buying an aerator will quickly pay for itself by reducing the mortality rate of your baitfish along with keeping your bait fresh and lively. Anglers that will store baitfish for an extended period of time in a cooler or a baitfish tank should look at buying a plug in aerator rather than replacing batteries. *Tip* If your using a plug in aerator always keep the pump above the water line so water can't siphon back if a power failure occurs. pump failure will result in a bucket of dead minnows. Bait shops sell worm air injectors.

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Night crawlers are easy to keep and sold at all bait shops, some gas stations and sporting goods section at discount stores. Many anglers prefer to collect their own bait by yanking night crawlers out of their holes in the backyard. If you're night crawler hunting the best time is evening after a hard spring or summer rain, it can be as simple as picking them off the street, especially the ones that have low curbs with grass parkways, darker streets are more productive than well lit ones as they are light sensitive. Searching in grass under leaves and rocks where the soil is moist use a flashlight and cover the lens with red cellophane, night crawlers for some reason can feel white light, shine a flashlight directly on a night crawler and they will slide very quickly back into their hole. Night crawler picking is fun on a warm summer evening after a rain, just bring a container and get plenty of bait for free. Red Worms

Red worms also known as leaf worms, garden worms and red wigglers. They are very popular live bait for game fish that prefer smaller worms, such as panfish, bluegill, perch and trout. Red worms are hardy and not as sensitive to temperature as the common night crawler. They are also very active when placed on a hook as they wiggle attracting and catching fish. Red worms are especially effective when it comes to bait stealers, small mouthed sunfish that nibble at the bait, to increase the catch thread a red worm on a hook and leave the hook point uncovered. *Tip* Most youngsters are taught how to fish by starting out with hook, weight, bobber and carton of red worms off of a dock or from shore. If your looking to set-up your child with rod and reel here's a recommendation: Buy a quality 5 1/2 ft spin cast ( closed faced combo) light action spooled with 6lb test, this will be better and easier for kids than the short brightly colored fishing outfits that are available. For rigging purchase a package of size 8 aberdeen long shank hooks a pack of BB sized split shots and a few bobbers that attach to the line about the overall size of a quarter, the smaller bobber is intended to suspend your bait in the water and alert when to set the hook. Using a larger bobber the harder it will be to set the hook and detect a bite. To complete the set-up tie on the hook using a clinch knot above about 6-10 inches place a spilt shot or two then attach the bobber. Worm Care & Storage

Night crawlers and red worms are stored refrigerated in bait shops as they require a dark and cooler environment to survive. When fishing with earthworms for the day they should always be kept in the shade and out of direct sunlight especially when it‘s very warm. Nothing smells worse than a container of sun baked worms. After your day on the water to keep your bait fresh either put them in a cooler with ice, place the container on top you don’t want to drown your bait in the cooler water or place the container in a refrigerator.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”

For keeping worms in a good condition for a extended period of time you should consider buying a portable worm carrier. Most containers made of a insulated material that will maintain a cool moist environment that worms enjoy. Some models can be dipped into water to aid in keeping them moist others have external ice pack holders for hot days. To get at the worms easily many have two access doors that you can flip the container over when they burrow to the bottom, make sure the container has a snug fitting lockable doors. Another choice is what material to store them in. We recommend buying commercially made worm bedding available at most tackle shops. The cellulose organic based bedding makes temperature and moisture regulation easier. Many worm containers have kits with bedding included just follow the instructions on the package. Fishing with Leeches

Leeches are the most plentiful of all the baits. They can be left in a container of water for a long time without food. Walleyes love leeches almost all year round and they are classified as universal bait for walleyes. Fish eat many types of leeches, but only the ribbon leech is widely used as bait. The color of a ribbon leeches varies from pure black to light brown and some have a brown or olive background with many black spots. Leeches are easy to keep alive. They are not as sensitive to temperature changes as minnows, and they require relatively little oxygen. Leeches can be kept alive until fall, even without food, but they should be allowed to clean themselves. Anglers can keep the bait "cleaner" by rinsing the leeches on a daily basis and storing them in fresh, clean water in a cool place. The summer is the best time to fish with leeches; by mid-summer most of the adult leeches have deposited cocoons and die off. Also, in the summer time the leech will wiggle more below a bobber than a worm. When drifting or trolling, anglers will catch suspended walleyes on floating jigheads and slip sinker rigs.

About Fishing Lures
For the beginning angler, walking into a bait and tackle shop for the first time can be overwhelming because of the huge selection of lures by type, color and sizes. Many just buy a tackle box and fill it with a random assortment of lures and hope through trial and error one works, others just purchase a lure or two and use it all day. When building a tackle selection one must consider the species of fish you're targeting along with the season you're fishing in. Expert fishermen understand seasonal locations of fish and the proper presentation, meaning the choice of lure and how to retrieve it. This builds confidence knowing how to fish the proper lure at the proper depth to maximize your catch rate, and catching fish is the quickest way to gain confidence. When buying lures to cover multiple fishing presentations select a few of each type and color by using these factors listed below.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Depth Depth is a major factor in lure selection. There are three categories or lure types, surface, sub-surface and deep. Let's start with Spring, when most gamefish move into the shallow water to spawn and seek food. Surface lures and shallow running lures are the best choice. During the Summer months fish move to deeper water where deep running lures and jigs are used. When fall arrives fish tend to move back to shallower water sub-surface and surface lures will be effective. Cover Species such as largemouth bass and northern pike will be related to weeds throughout the year. When fishing thick weeds and brush use a lure with a weed guard (weedless) to prevent snagging. Always have a few surface lures on hand as well when fishing around cover especially during the early morning and evening hours. Level of Fish Activity The gamefish level of activity determines the size and action of the lure. For instance water temperature affects fish more than and other elements, and weather conditions play a major role, such as when a cold front arrives. Cold water reduces the fish activity and it is best to downsize your lure and present your lure slowly. For muskies and northern pike use lures such as jerk baits and gliders with a pause between in your retrieve, walleyes use jigging spoons twitched and paused along with small jigs tiped with live bait crawled on the bottom will work well. During warm stable weather as the fish's metabolism is active they feed readily. This is the best time to be on the water to fish, inline spinners, spinner baits, spoons and crank baits with fast retrieves will move and catch fish. Lure Colors, Light & Water Clarity Many articles have been written and theories discussed about lure color and how the water clarity affects the colors. All water acts as a light filter depending on the clarity, (clear or stained) and depth of the lure. It has been a general rule of thumb that lighter colored lures work the best in clear water in stained or murky water fluorescent colored are favored. The other cliché is light color on bright days and dark colors on overcast days no matter what the water color is. But this does not explain why dark colors such as purple or black worms for largemouth bass works so well on clear water on a bright day. Lure Sizes Sizing of lures is also apart of the proper presentation. Here is a recommended chart for length of lures for various game fish. Crappies, Perch, Bluegills-1-2" River Trout-1-3" White Bass-1-3" Smallmouth Bass-2-5" Largemouth Bass-2-6" Walleyes-3-6" Salmon, Lake Trout-3-7" Muskies, Northern Pike-4-12"
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Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits Fishing Spinners Fishing Spoons Fishing Jigs
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Darseet Garasia

Most plugs replicate some type of baitfish but some types of plugs resemble mice. Other colors will work as well dependent on the forage in the water system such as Orange/Yellow for Perch. Black provides the best silhouette against the sky as the fish looks upward towards the water surface. and White/Blue/Chrome for Shad and Shiners. Green/White for Frogs. The best hours to fish surface lures are generally early in the morning and at dusk into the evening. The water should be relatively calm otherwise the fish do not notice the action. Minnow Baits. Surface lures work especially well when fish are shallow and the water temperature is 60 degrees or warmer. insects. But there has been fish caught on surface lures in the middle of the day. Many new plastic plugs today have internal chambers filled with shot producing a rattling sound that attracts fish. A few lure manufacturers still use wood in making lure bodies. it works well on all water types clear. Crawlers Darseet Garasia Page 66 . or the splash pop and gurgle of a surface plug or just the sound of hooks clicking the lure body. For lure colors a very good universal color is black. Crankbaits & Creatures The word "Plug" was used many years ago to describe a lure that was handcarved from a block of wood. mainly balsa.All you need to know about “FISHING”  Fishing Soft Plastics Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits Fishing with Surface Lures. Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of plugs and how they are used: Surface Lures: (Topwater) There is nothing more exciting to see a fish strike a surface lure. producing sounds that draws the attention of game fish. but most modern day plugs are made from hollow plastic or molded plastic. It may be the vibration of a minnow bait swimming through the water. Many avid anglers still consider wooden plugs the best lure having better action than similar ones made from plastic. crayfish. Plugs attract fish by there action and flash. some hardwoods and pine. and snakes that fish prey on. There are two category of plugs Surface (Topwater) and Subsurface (Diving). frogs. stained or dark.

Commonly used for fishing pike and muskies.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crawlers produce a plopping/gurgling sound. this has been a favorite surface lure for muskie anglers for many years. used on calm water with a steady slow retrieve. A favorite of bass anglers for many years. Center Rotating Blade Commonly know as a Globe. The center blade rotates upon the retrieve producing a bubble trail. also known as a creeper. (Left) This crawler. Rotating Tail The tail section rotates creating a plopping noise from the blade attached. (Right) A large face plate will make this crawler body move back and forth producing a wake on the surface. Chuggers Chuggers have an indented cup on the face of the lure. Surface Wobbler Darseet Garasia Page 67 . The tail rotating lures works well on calm water to slight chop. has wings mounted on the side that will swim across the water. it catches water when the lure is jerked over the surface producing a popping/chugging sound.

The angler must supply lure action through a series of short sharp cadence pulls upon the retrieve creating the side to side action known as "walk the dog" on the surface. Also know as Propbait or Topper Bait.All you need to know about “FISHING” The jointed surface wobbler creates a clicking sound as the lure rocks back and forth when retrieved. Propeller The propeller lure has props on the nose and tail or on the tail. Also known as torpedo lure. Used on calm water. run it slow with a straight retrieve. Excellent lure for new anglers to experience top water fishing. or buzz it across the water to trigger aggressive feeding fish. Stickbait The stickbait has no lip or propellers. Darseet Garasia Page 68 . The retrieve is very slow allowing the bait to work. and the tail prop adds a wake. this topwater lure is versatile. Work this lure slow on calm water in the evening. pop it using a stop and go method. they also have no built in wobble. Flaptail The flaptail rocks back and forth while the brass blade on the tail slaps the water with a plopping sound.

The deep runners are classified as 10 feet plus. the action of the each lure is achieved through a series of cadence pulls. Floating. strong jerks. Diving lures will run at depths from just under the surface at 1 foot to 20 feet or greater. The first are diving lures that dive with attached plastic/metal lips or dive based on the lure body design such as cupped. Mid range divers will have a lip set at a 45 degree angle. These are classified as gliders. Diving lures will catch fish in any type of water calm or rough any time of the day. Shallow running lures will have lip placed vertically off of the nose creating a water resistance forcing the lure to run shallow. All lure companies provide the running/diving depth of each lure on their box or packaging. both have floating or sinking models. these are commonly known as crankbaits. or short stop and go techniques. jerkbaits and twitch baits. pointed head or a flattened curved forehead. The second group of plugs refer to the action of the lure provided by the angler in the retrieve. for instance a deep running lure will have a elongated lip attached approximately 90 degrees horizontal from the nose which acts as a diving plane forcing the lure downward. Floating Minnow (Crankbait) This is the most popular type and the most versatile crankbait lure designed to Darseet Garasia Page 69 . It is wise to have a few of each to cover the fishing situations you could encounter. all have a side to side wiggle action as they travel through the water.All you need to know about “FISHING” Subsurface Plugs (Diving. mid range 5-10 feet and shallow are 1-3 feet. Sinking) There are two categories of subsurface plugs. In selecting lures with a lip attached to the nose of the lure the angle of lip will determine the running depth of the lure.

Floating Lipless (Crankbait) The series of lures shown above have been made for many years. For shallow lures running at 1-3 feet as a floater this will maintain the shallow depth. or a flattened curved forehead all have a side to side wobble action as they travel through the water. When casting deep running lures this allows the angler to bounce lures off of deep structure (bottom bouncing) such as rocks or wood with out getting snagged by letting the lure just float up after making contact. The lure body design to dive is based on a cupped.All you need to know about “FISHING” imitate a thin bodied baitfish. Anglers who use midrange running lures have a few more options. These lures imitate the forage of shad and perch with a wider or fatter body style. timed tested and still today catch many fish. Floating Shad/Perch (Crankbait) Similar to the floating minnow style with a diving lip. For trolling using a midrange lip off of downrigger or lead core line the lure will maintain the set depth. In casting the angler can pop the lure along the surface or crank it a few feet down to 5 to 8 feet with a straight retrieve. Made from balsa wood and hollow plastic with and with out internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle. Vibrating (Crankbait) Darseet Garasia Page 70 .

resulting in a tight wiggle. Sinking (Crankbait) Also known as a countdown this lure is weighted to sink horizontally. Neutrally Buoyant (Crankbait) Also referred as a suspending lure or a jerk bait. Most are sinking models but some do float at rest. The sinking lure uses a midrange lip to maintain the depth until the end of the retrieve. The lure is designed using an internal weight system or a weighted tape to achieve neutral buoyancy.All you need to know about “FISHING” These thin bodied lures do not have a diving lip and are attached to the line with the eye on top of the head. The presentation is an erratic jerk pause type of retrieve. Darseet Garasia Page 71 . Very good lure for finicky fish that follows and don’t bite. When fish suspend over 10 feet at a specific depth the sinking lure is a very good option to use. when stopped the lure will remain suspended and motionless in the water. All vibrating lures have internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle. The angler simply cast the lure and count’s down at a rate of 1 foot per second to the specified depth and retrieves the lure.

Sinking (Gliders & Twitch) Gliders and Twitch baits are lipless and sink. the action of each lure is in part provided by the angler. Many have a metal tail that can be bent to change the action and depth setting. The Twitch bait (Top) is retrieved with a series of short taps of the rod or twitches which gives the lure a erratic motion. Floating (Jerkbait) These are large elongated plugs intended for fishing muskies and pike. up down side to side action. They float at rest and dive when given a strong jerk or pull then float upward to the surface. The Glider (Bottom) is retrieved using timed cadence short pulls causing the lure to glide side to side or a underwater walk the dog action Darseet Garasia Page 72 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Floating (Trolling Plugs) These are designed and used primarily for trolling as they are relatively too light to cast. Generally most trolling plugs float at rest and dive based on the flattened forehead that creates a wide erratic wobble through the water. To achieve the depth required for a successful controlled trolling depth anglers use a online diving plane (Dipsey Diver) or attached to an line release on a downrigger.

Purple top with Silver sides Black top with White sides All Silver Chrome or White Structure Orientated Forage: Perch. swimming rodents. here’s a few top producers. The above photo shows lures that imitate each type. frogs. Other than baitfish they will also feed on crawfish. Green.All you need to know about “FISHING” creating a dart and flash of the lure. Smelt Black. Here’s a simple guideline of basic successful colors: Open Water Suspended Forage: Shad. Livebait Spinners Darseet Garasia Page 73 . Blue. water snakes. painted. chrome. photo and holographic finishes. stained or muddy waters the hot colors work effective. Spinnerbaits. Crawfish. Alewives. foil.Buzzbaits. Dark Green top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Firetiger ) Blue top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Parrot ) Orange top & sides Chartreuse belly (Hot Tiger ) Red Head Chartreuse Body ( Clown ) Fishing Spinners InLine. prism. glass. Shiners. Creatures Freshwater game fish are predatory by nature there also opportunistic and will take advantage of any food source presented to them to fill their feeding needs. amphibians and insects. Lure Colors Crankbaits are available in a spectrum of colors and finishes. Minnows Black top with Gold sides (Sucker) Black top with Silver sides (Minnow) Black top with Orange sides (Perch-Crawfish) Black top with Green sides with Bars (Perch) Brown top Orange or Red sides (Crawfish) Fluorescent Colors For dark. In building your lure assortment the best is to mimic the dominant forage in the waters your fishing. Ciscoes. Suckers.

they are similar to a spinnerbait or a inline spinner but have a specially designed rotating propeller for surface fishing.Willow From the image above the Colorado will run the highest in the water producing the most vibration. most all inline spinners have a weight on the wire to make the spinner heavy enough to cast. Spinners will catch all types of game fish. Understanding Blade Styles The main fish attracting component of a spinner is the blade. A broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the wire shaft producing a lift and thump compared to a narrow willow blade which will run tighter to the shaft and spin faster producing less sound. Fourth are live bait spinners that use night crawlers or minnows on a hook or a series of hooks with a spinner blade in front of the live bait. They will have a lead head molded on the lower arm and a spinner attached on the upper arm using a swivel.French 6.Indiana Fluted 4. Second are spinnerbaits. Turtle Back and French are intermediate styles running at mid range depth levels used for slow to medium retrieves in light river current or lakes. These are good for fast retrieves in swift conditions. Darseet Garasia Page 74 .Turtle Back 5. Spinners have four basic designs. and when a fish strikes a spinner usually it will usually hook itself.All you need to know about “FISHING” Spinners refers to a family of fishing lures that have a metal shaped blade(s) attached to the wire of the lure. first is the standard inline that have a blade or blades that rotate around a straight wire using a clevis. The Inline and Willow run the deepest as they spin tightest to the wire shaft. The type of blade and shape will determine the depth and sound (the thump) of a spinner upon retrieve. Fish can see the flash of the revolving blade in clear or stained water. Spinners are relatively easy to use. some models have multiple blades that are attached on the upper arm using a clevis and a bead stop. All blades have a different amount of resistance as it travels through the water. in dark or murky water they will use their lateral-line to feel the vibration from the turning blade. this spinner is shaped like an open safety pin.Inline 7. The Indiana. 1. Fluted.Colorado 2. Third are buzzbaits. they will catch fish with a simple straight retrieve.Indiana 3. When the lure is in motion the blade spins creating varying degrees of flash and vibration that mimics small fish. In using spinnerbait’s the willow blade is a good choice around vegetation and cover as they revolve tight to the upper arm catching less floating debris and weeds. and deeper water presentations.

profile and action of the lure. The inline spinner that has two blades is commonly referred as a bulger which rides high in the water even breaking (bulging) the surface when retrieved rapidly. squirrel tails and "marabou" from chickens) with a few feathers as attractors especially red. With the advancement of synthetics materials such as flashabou and silicone skirts adds a fluttering flash in different incandescent or solid colors increasing the total flash profile of the spinner. Spinner Tails. and incandescent colors. Spinner bait skirts over the years also evolved from the solid living rubber colors to silicone skirts because of all the available molded-in patterns. metal flakes. Painted blades flash less but create more underwater contrast. gold and copper which provides a flash to sight-feeding predators in clear or stained water. the smallest for stream trout spinners.All you need to know about “FISHING” Blade Sizes The sizes of spinner blades are based on a numerical system starting with 0 or 0/0. Skirts and Dressings Tying materials to the tail of a inline spinner or silicone skirts on spinner baits adds a realistic appearance and increases the profile of the lure as it swims through the water. Depending on personal preferences and fishing conditions many anglers prefer to use an undressed spinner for speed and depth relying on the blade flash and vibration as the only attractors. Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spinners and how they are used: Darseet Garasia Page 75 . Soft plastics are also used on traditional dressed spinners tails to change the appearance. Spinnerbaits that have 2 blades in "tandem" provide more flash which gives the image of schools of bait fish. The dressed tail also provides lift and resistance enabling the angler to retrieve the lure at a slower rate. Years back traditional hook dressings on spinners have been animal hair (deer hair. the most common are metallic hues with silver. Other options are soft plastic tail dressings such as an imitation minnow or tailed grub. these are known as trailers. Multiple Bladed Spinners Many of the spinners today offer double blade options. The larger the blade size the more water resistance and vibration when compared to the same shape in a smaller version. size 3-4-5 for bass and pike up to the 7-8 for muskies along with the new popular magnum 10. colors and combinations for spinners today on the market. They can be particularly effective during low-light conditions or in murkier water. Blade Colors There are countless blade finishes.

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Types of Spinners: Inline

The traditional inline spinner shown in three variations (Top) French Blade Dressed Deer Hair Tail (Middle) French Blade Plain Undressed (Bottom) Willow Blade Soft Plastic Imitation Minnow Tail. Double Bladed Inline

By combining two blades together adds vibration and lift upon the retrieve for shallow water. Shown with double Colorado blades and marabou tail that pulses in the water, also known as a "Bulger" Flash Inline

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All you need to know about “FISHING”

With the popularity of synthetic material used for spinner tails adds additional flash to the profile (body) of the lure. The top is tied with flashabou (tinsel) the bottom is a round silicone glitter skirt, both tails pulsates and sparkle upon the retrieve Magnum Double Blade Inline

Similar to the double bladed inline only with larger spinner blades (size 9-13) providing maximum vibration and lift. Very popular lure for muskies. Spinnerbaits

Versatility is what spinnerbaits are all about. With the open safety pin, weighted head and single hook design that runs vertical, it can be fished in and through vegetation (weedless) Slow rolled over cover, allowing it to sink, the blades will helicopter down to deeper water. Used for all gamefish.

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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Magnum Spinnerbaits

A beefed up version of the spinner bait for big pike and muskies. The magnum spinner bait comes in 1 oz and up to 6 oz’s using large blades for increased vibration and large body profiles for big fish. Buzzbaits

Buzzbaits resemble either a standard spinnerbait or inline spinner with the exception of a rotating propeller blade replacing a flat blade. Buzzbaits are a topwater spinner and must be retrieved rapidly to produce a loud clacking sound as they move across the surface. Excellent lure for bass and pike.

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for trolling of drifting. There are five types of spoons: Casting. copper. these produce an effective fish catching combination for most all species of game fish. forged or molded from brass. Spoons are a simple design. Some spoons have a hammered or rippled finish that transmits light in multiple directions such as baitfish scales scatter light. Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front.All you need to know about “FISHING” Live Bait Spinners By combining the vibration and flash of a spinner blade and the attraction of live bait. Spoons work best for larger predators such as northern pike. jigging and the surface spoon. largemouth bass. Spoons are stamped. The (middle) is a crawler harness with multiple hooks (2 or 3) and is also tipped with a night crawler. Darseet Garasia Page 79 . Most are painted on one side with a polished metallic surface on at other side to reflect the sunlight making the spoon visible. trolling. walleye. A long spoon will display a wider side to side wobble than a shorter spoon. The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop. A single hook version is also used for minnows. The (top) is a weight forward spinner that is tipped with a night crawler. primarily used on the Great Lakes for walleyes also known as the trade name erie dearie. Because spoons appeal mainly to the sense of sight they work best on clear or lightly stained water conditions. sinks faster and will run deeper than thinner spoons. the extra weight casts better. weedless. Fishing Spoons The metal fishing spoon lure was believed to be first used back in the 1840's. this spinner is rigged on bottom bouncers and sliding sinker rigs. this spinner is cast and retrieved. The (bottom) is a strip on an old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner. plastic or wood. steel. an oblong shape. Thin spoons used for trolling have an erratic wobble compared to thick spoons but thick spoons have advantages as well. concave on one side that catches water producing a wobble and light reflecting flash imitating a fleeing or crippled bait fish. The long standing popularity of spoons results from ease of use as a fish usually will hook itself when it grabs a spoon. A deep concave spoon will also produce a wider wobble than a flatter spoon. muskies. salmon and trout. The action of a spoon is based on it's shape and thickness. lead.

Spoon Attractors The main fish attracting component on a spoon is the flash. glow and glitter all to enhance vibrant colors and flash of spoons. In selecting spoon colors to build your tackle assortment. If you're going to fish an unfamiliar water system and spoons are a part of your lure selection. small spoons for stream trout. soft action rods are not recommended as they do not telegraph the fish strike as quickly a fast action rod will accomplish. ciscoes. Darseet Garasia Page 80 . yellow five of diamonds in red with brass back. Each body of water or river system fish will have a tendency to favor a specific color. and combinations of nickel/silver . pike and salmon or vertical jigging for walleyes the preferred choice when casting/jigging spoons is a stiff tipped fast action rod. firetiger with brass back or orange/yellow and nickel combinations. larger spoons for bass. it would be best to do research with local guides or the fishing pro shop for that lake or river. Ultra sensitive. if fished too slow or too fast the spoon will not wobble properly. For surface and jigging spoons the best is to tie directly to the eyelet or snap. the choices can be overwhelming but some colors have been tried and true over the are your best bet. For casting spoons in clear or slighty stained water the classic colors of red and white with nickel back. Trailers: For added color and profile Feathers / Tied Tail / Soft Plastic or Pork Rind. black and white with nickel back. For trolling spoons on the Great Lakes the universal best color is all silver or gold with including combinations of purple. On stained or darker water use. some spoons have additional attractors placed on the spoon or are added by the angler. Spoons & Leaders Anglers using casting. Spoon Colors If you ever had the opportunity to open Grand Pa’s old metal tackle box it would be safe to say you would find quite a few of the traditional red and white casting spoons that where popular back in the 1940’s . For flat line trolling from behind a boat the speed and amount of line out should be the main consideration.This allows freedom of movement for the spoon and will keep the fishing line twist to a minimum. they are: Clickers: Two small willow spinners on split rings located the end of spoon for vibration and noise.50’s. weedless or trolling spoons should attach their lines via a leader with a ball bearing swivel and snap or a combination snap ball bearing swivel. as well as in using depth control rigging such as downriggers and dipsey divers. Flippers: A small oblong piece of plastic (red or yellow) for added color attached on the split ring and hook. Following the same path as crank bait lure companies spoon manufactures have over the years introduced hundreds of new colors patterns and finishes using prism. you should experiment to find the precise speed for each spoon to perform its best. holographic. Rod Action with Spoons Dependent on the species you're targeting. When casting a spoon anglers will cast 10 to 20 feet beyond the area they believe the fish are and retrieve through the strike zone.All you need to know about “FISHING” When casting or trolling a spoon the speed is critical for success. blue or green hues to mimic the forage of alewives. Both will work better without too much play at the lure line connection. Your success in using spoons is to immediately set the hook upon feeling a fish bite. and smelt. Many Charter Captains on the Great Lakes use spoons as their main lure presentation and usually have a couple hundred on board in multiple color patterns (some with creative color names) and size variations to accommodate all fishing conditions.

They are designed to be fished using a depth control trolling system such as off a downrigger or diving plane. walleyes or other open water species.All you need to know about “FISHING” Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spoons and how they are used: Traditional Casting Spoons Stamped metal casting spoons are also known as Traditional or Canadian spoons. you can't beat using a weedless spoon to Darseet Garasia Page 81 . All casting spoons have either a treble or a single (siwash) hook attached with a spilt ring which allows the hook to swing freely as the spoon wobbles. pike and lake trout. Trolling Spoons Trolling spoons are much thinner and lighter than casting spoons. trout. The most popular sizes are 1/4-3/4 ounce used for bass. All display the distinctive back and forth wobble action as they run underwater based on their oval shaped cupped bodies. aquatic weeds. a typical 3" trolling spoon only weighs about a 1/8 ounce which makes them too light for casting. Weedless Spoons When fishing in thick cover. With the wide fluttering action they are an excellent lure choice for salmon. Casting spoon sizes range from ultra light 1/36 ounce for panfish up to over 3 ounces for big muskies.. walleyes and pike. wood and logs.

As with all surface lures fish have a tendency to miss the lure. keep the lure moving even if the fish misses usually they will come back to strike again. Or straight retrieve over and through the cover. pike and muskies will take refuge in thick cover. Tip the hook with a trailer for added attraction using a soft plastic grub or pork rind. When fishing jigging spoons all of the action is applied by the angler using short jerks to encourage strikes. then set the hook. thick and heavy and flash when jigged. Darseet Garasia Page 82 . Experiment with different retrieve methods. Upon a fish strike.All you need to know about “FISHING” provoke a fish strike. Keep awatch on your line as it falls. Jigging Spoons When you locate a deep water school of fish such as walleye or bass on your electronics. one of the best presentations to reach them is vertically jigging. Try twitching and pausing letting the spoon settle into open holes. Surface Spoons When conditions are right during the summer months. if it stops or twitches set the hook. When cast over heavy matted vegetation the spoon floats with the hook riding upward avoiding being caught up on snags. are flat. They are designed to get down quickly reaching the deep water holding fish. This is an ideal situation for using surface spoons. Most feature a single hook design welded on the body with a wire guard to prevent most snags. large predator fish like bass. never set the hook until you feel the pressure of the fish. The best tackle for jigging spoons is low stretch line of 12-20 lbs with a medium to medium heavy fast action rod. mainly rubber skirts. but keep in mind many strikes happen on the fall of the jigging spoon as well. When fishing surface spoons point the rod tip directly at the spoon whether you're retrieving straight or using a jerk pause method. Most surface spoons are made from plastic's with a few in wood with having an added attractor. Weedless spoons come in 1/4 ounce up to 11/8 ounce. Jigging spoons are made of metal or tungsten.

orange and glow for dark water. white. are weighted by melting a metal substance into a liquid and pouring it in a mold which shapes the head and collar. yellow. and 3/4 ounces. they're also a good choice when fishing for Panfish and crappies with soft mouths as the light wire will penetrate quickly upon the hook set. 1/16. two tone and glow finishes. Experiment and try various colors until you find the color choice for the day. green. The hook shank length has varying applications. 3/8. the bend in the hook will determine the eye placement on the jig and how it rides through the water. Jig Collars The jig collar is positioned directly behind the jig head. Jig Hooks The most common hooks used on jigs are the strong wire O'Shaughnessy or light wire Aberdeen. Your selection should be based Darseet Garasia Page 83 . pink and red for clear to stained water. with the most recent popular color red marketed as blood or bleeding hooks. living rubber and silicone skirts. with fluorescent chartreuse. They will work for a wide variety of species in almost any type of conditions. Jig Weights The main consideration when selecting which jig to use is its weight. brown. black and gold. The most common weight sizes for inland freshwater fishing are 1/64. Most jig heads are made of lead which gives the lure its weight. Jig heads are available in natural. with the exception of floating jigs. Jigs are a rather simple design and come in wide selection of shapes. 1/2. 1/32.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Jigs Many pro anglers feel jigs are the most versatile and productive of all artificial lures. feathers. 1/4. Strong wire hooks perform well in weedy and rocky areas for bass and northern pike when you need to horse a fish out from cover. tubes. Jigs. worm or lizard bodies. 1/8. Another popular metal material for weighting jig heads is tungsten. each for a specific fishing presentation from the smallest at 1/100th oz for ice fishing up to 2oz for Stripers and Muskies. A jig hook is bent on the shank before the eye about 60 to 90 degrees. fluorescent. colors and weights. longer shank hooks are favored for rigging soft-plastic grubs. Hook wire diameter is also a consideration. clear. Straight collars are used to tie dressings or attach on the jig such as hair. Color of jig hooks includes bronze. metallic. Jig Colors When choosing jig head colors one must consider the fishing conditions and type of water. In stocking your jig box start out with handful of basic colors: black. Barbed collars have a small hook to attach and hold soft plastic baits stopping them from sliding down the hook other collar designs include screw locks or wire holders to hold plastic baits. stained or dark. tinsel. light wire hooks are often used in fishing around brush piles and cribs as they will bend and pull free when snagged. which is heavier than lead and environmentally friendly. short shank hooks are mainly used for live minnows.

Jigs Dressed Many jigs are dressed by adding hair. As the jig enters the water the dressing pulsates upon the drop and will quiver as the jig is hopped along the bottom. leeches. Darseet Garasia Page 84 .1 1/2 . Lake Trout and Stripers 3/4 .1/2 oz.1 1/2 oz.1 . tinsel.1/8 . it adds bulk and profile reducing the sink rate in replicating forage such as crawfish. Here are some common type of dressed jigs: Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of jigs and how they are used: Bass Jigs These are also known as flipping jigs and are a very popular lure for largemouth and small mouth bass.All you need to know about “FISHING” on type of fish and water depth. Your jig must be heavy enough to reach the desired depth. feathers. Until recently the use of pork rind were the standard trailer thus the phrase "Jig & Pig" was born. the lighter weights are excellent for finesse fishing smallmouths. they're becoming the popular choice with many anglers. which make it more difficult to reach the desired depth. Northern Pike and Muskies 3/4 . Wind also has the same affect as fast currents. Most all bass jigs will have some type of weed guard (strands of fiber or plastic) along with an internal rattle.1 . but not so heavy that it sinks too rapidly.1/4 oz Walleyes and Bass 1/16 . When on the water the same steps should be taken with considering water current speed and wind velocity while fishing. A widely used addition to the bass jig is a split tail trailer to replicate claws of a crawfish. With the many advancements of colors and impregnated scents in soft plastics today.3/8 . silicone or rubber skirts to the molded hook shank. by increasing the water resistance on the line and lure. Bass jigs will feature a low profile stand-up head design from 1/8 oz to 3/4 oz. the heavier weights are used cover fishing largemouths in weeds and for flipping (an underhand toss of the jig to a specific area). River Trout and Salmon 1/16. The body dressing is usually a silicone or living rubber skirt with some tied with hair. If you're fishing in fast current such as rivers additional weight is required to reach the bottom. Fish prefer a slow drifting down bait than one that just plummets toward the bottom. A suggested jig weight guide line per species: Panfish and Crappies 1/32 . minnows and amphibians.1/8 oz.1/8 . As a general rule use 1/8 oz for every 10 feet of water.2 oz.1/16 . soft plastic.

scents. crappies. Darseet Garasia Page 85 . Jigs tipped with reaper flat tail will imitate a leech swimming through the water. walleyes. and lake trout. crawfish. straight retrieved or trolled the tail vibrations resembles a baitfish. Live Bait Jigs Fishing with live bait jigged slowly at times of the year can be a deadly presentation especially when the water temperature is colder and the fishes metabolic rate reduces making them reluctant to chase faster moving lures. always hook the bait. This presentation will be successful for any freshwater game fish. shapes to types: grubs. Soft Plastic Dressed Jigs Fishing with soft plastic jigs bodies gives the angler countless choices of options from colors. reapers. The dressing material is tied to the jig collar to form a body they include: bucktail hair. stripers.All you need to know about “FISHING” Tied Dressing Jigs Depending on their size dressed jigs can be used for most all species including: panfish. leeches and minnow bodies. Recently many new soft plastic baits have evolved by incorporating the jig head into the body of the bait. tubes. Rigging techniques for live bait are simple. when using a split tailed grub or tube hopped along the bottom with short snaps replicates a crawfish. lizards. mylar and tinsel which provides a mimicking life like action in the water of minnows and other aquatic life. Dressed jigs also holds fish scent well and can be tipped with live bait as an added attractant. worms. By far the most used when fishing a jig and plastic combination is the curly tail grub. making the bait feel more natural when the fish strikes. bass. With these new soft plastic baits life like patterns and holographic colors have been introduced to imitate the realistic look and flash of baitfish. worms and leeches through the head or snout. northern pike. minnows. marabou. The subtle action of a paddle tail on minnow bodies mimics a baitfish when retrieved.

swimming. The hook guard is made of trimable plastic bristles. wobble. bottom bouncer or simple split shot rig. For using live minnows the preferred choice is a short shank round and floating head with the option of a stinger hook attachment for short striking fish. Floating jigs are used for live bait and are a great choice when presenting the bait just off the bottom on lakes and rivers. reel. they include: Round head.All you need to know about “FISHING” Jigs designed for live bait have no collar hook required to hold soft plastic's. line and jig) is Darseet Garasia Page 86 . Fishing with Jigs Jigs can be a highly effective fishing presentation when the proper set-up (rod. both require using weights or a form of rigging such as: sliding sinker. Floating jigs come in two types hard bodied and soft bodied. Weedless Jigs Weedless jigs are an excellent choice when fishing live bait in cover. propeller. stand up floating and weedless. the guard prevents getting snagged on weeds and brush. Floating Jigs As the name of this jig implies they float. wire or a plastic V shape and are anchored in the jig head facing upwards towards and covering the hook point allowing the jig to ride over and through underwater obstructions. Other live bait jig options are spinner blades mounted underneath the head to produce added vibration and flash.

when a fish strikes the lure and hooks itself. Unlike a spoon or inline spinner. This will help you feel the bite on the retrieve or when the jig is sinking by keeping the line taut. a jig bite most often is very light as the fish inhales the bait usually on the fall when the jig is settling towards the bottom. Many expert anglers use the fishing line as a strike indicator. when the jig sinks they watch the line for any subtle twitches signaling a strike or if the line stops indicating a fish is moving upward with the jig. To detect strikes more easily jigs should be fished with stiff (fast action) sensitive rod with enough flex to cast your jig along with using the lightest possible line for the species and fishing conditions. Suggested Rod & Reel Set-ups Panfish (Bluegills Crappies and Perch) Ultra light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 2-4lb test line Walleyes Light to medium light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 4-6lb test line Bass (Finesse) Medium light to medium spinning action rod and reel spooled with 8-10lb test line (Heavy Cover) Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-17lb test line Northern Pike Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-20lb test line Darseet Garasia Page 87 .All you need to know about “FISHING” used. To optimize the visual of fishing line jig fisherman prefer to use fluorescent colored line over clear monofilament and wear polarized sunglasses improving the line visibility even more.

crawfish. brush and logs. grub. the point can be buried into the body of the bait where it cannot snag underwater obstructions such as dense weeds.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Soft Plastics The evolution of soft plastic baits has greatly advanced over the years virtually giving anglers a wide variety and selection for all game fish. When a fish strikes a soft plastic bait it feels natural so fish will mouth it longer giving the angler extra time to set the hook. rocks. For muskies that have the largest plastic’s up to and over 1lb use heavy to extra heavy bait casting gear spooled with 50 to 80lb low stretch abrasion resistance braided line. The popular use by anglers of soft plastics has skyrocketed over the years by the increased number of new products introduced annually by lure companies this is evident with fishing tackle pro shops in store displays. layered colors. As a reference listed below are a few of the most commonly used soft plastics in order to help you identify each type. In using larger plastic’s with hooks buried into the bait that requires a strong hook set for large mouth bass and northern pike use medium to medium heavy bait casting gear spooled with 14 to 20lb test low stretch monofilament line. and flavors. scents. and insects. Many rod manufactures specializes in making powerful fast action rods dedicated for soft plastic fishing. Darseet Garasia Page 88 . Soft plastics offer many advantages over hard bodied lures such as crank baits and spoons that does not have the soft texture as real food. metal flakes. baitfish. In making soft bait’s the plastic is heated into a liquid form then poured in a mold to replicate the shape. Fishing set-ups with Soft Plastic’s In casting or vertical jigging the smallest soft plastic lures for panfish and crappies use ultra light spinning gear spooled with 4-6lb test monofilament. but yet the hook will penetrate through the soft bait when you set the hook. Other benefits in fishing with soft plastics are rigging the hook. Soft plastic’s will hold scents much longer than hard bodied lures that wash off quickly. web feet and feelers on amphibians. During the bait making process additional ingredients can be added to appeal to the fish’s senses such as. Other significant details of soft baits today in manufacturing is to add life like realistic features like crescent rings on worms and grubs. catalog pages for online and print buyers guides. floating claws on crawfish. they can be treated with bottled-paste attractants or purchase them already molded in. Another is scents. worm. lizard. holographic and translucent flash on shad and minnow baits replicating the scales of baitfish. frogs. Species such as walleyes and smallmouth bass with a mid sized plastic’s use a medium light to medium spinning gear with 6-8lb test monofilament.

jerk worms. split shot rig and Carolina rigs. double curly split tail. there are two options pre-rigged with a hook or series of hooks. ribbed or smooth) affecting the sink rate and the tail (ribbon. Grubs are composed of soft plastic round body either ringed. Grubs are also popular to fish using a drop shot rig. twister. The main fish attracting action components of worms are the texture (ringed. Grubs come in various lengths from 1" up to 12" and hundreds of colors combinations. crawfish. ribbed or smooth. Grubs Fishing with soft plastic grubs has been a longtime favorite among anglers for all species. or using a Texas rig the most common. lizards. paddle tail. Darseet Garasia Page 89 . or as a trailer on a inline spinners and spinner baits. wacky rig and the drop shot rig. Worms come in sizes from a few inches for trout and panfish up to 12 inches for bass and pike. Grubs. The types ( floating and sinking) and the colors of worms made today are in hundreds of thousands with the multitude of color variations and scents. In rigging a worm. Carolina rig. The most common use for grubs is tipped on a jig. or straight) which provides vibrations when the worm is moved. swim/baitfish all where developed based on the introduction of the soft plastic worm technology back in 1949 by a Ohio luremaker.All you need to know about “FISHING” Worms The invention of the plastic worm spawned more variations of soft plastic baits than any other in fishing lure history. paddle. or straight tails for various actions. tubes. combined with single curly tail.

for a natural presentation. The interior hollow design works well with holding liquid or paste scents. Tubes Tubes are rounded hollow soft plastic bodied bait open ended with a series of tentacles on the base. Determine what baitfish are in the waters you’re fishing and select a profile size and color to match. Fishing soft plastic baitfish imitations are a excellent choice jigged along the bottom or brought in on a straight retrieve. Upon casting a tube it will display a spiral action on the fall with the tentacles undulating providing a injured baitfish look. The main body is usually smooth but some have a ribbed exterior. Carolina Rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” Baitfish Soft plastic baitfish come in numerous sizes and colors to mimic forage fish. but others have curly tails and forked tails that give them swimming action. Most often tubes are rigged using a weighted tube jig placed within the tube’s body or to make a tube weedless anglers use a wide gap hook threading it through the nose and securing the hook into the body on the outer wall of the tube. Usually the smaller the better. Many soft plastic baitfish baits feature a paddle tail that wiggles when retrieved. Darseet Garasia Page 90 . in jigging the tube off the bottom it will appear as a crawfish imitation especially good for feeding smallmouth bass. Tubes can be rigged as bait using a Texas Rig. or on a drop shot rig. Tubes range in sizes from 1"-2" for crappies and panfish 3"-6" for largemouth and smallmouth bass up to 14" for big pike and muskies.

ribbed. abdomen and tail. Crawfish soft plastic’s are available from craw trailers to the highly detailed featuring pinchers. Darseet Garasia Page 91 . floating and sinking. Lizards Fishing with a lizard in the early season especially during the bass spawn is particularly effective. The main feature of a imitation crawfish is the pinchers when tipped on a jig it gives the bait a realistic defensive posture by raising it's claws that sends bass a signal to feed. Various lizards have a reputation as bass bed robbers. smooth. antennae. they will raid a nest and eat the bass eggs even before the bass guardian has a chance to react.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crawfish The soft plastic crawfish or crawdad is a deadly on bass when presented along rocky bottom area’s. Lizards come is a wide variety of colors. The most common fishing techniques are similar to fishing plastic worms. scents. using Texas and Carolina rigs or tipped on a jig for flipping and pitching. legs. as bass absolutely hate lizards.

The smaller reapers resemble a leech while the larger reapers mimic baitfish. so the bass will hang on to the lure longer giving more time for the angler to set the hook. they are weedless with the hooks positioned against the body. The best fishing tip we can offer while using a top water frog is fish slow. Frogs Using a floating soft plastic frog around the lily pads for bass is exhilarating as the bass comes out of the water and engulfs your lure. Darseet Garasia Page 92 . Summertime bass laying in the weeds aren’t active most of the time. The advantages of soft-plastic surface frogs are. they feel natural with their soft spongy body.All you need to know about “FISHING” Leeches & Reapers Leeches and reapers are a basic variation of a soft plastic grub. Most anglers rig a leech/reaper tipped on a jig head inserting the hook through the head or use a split shot rig and a single hook. rounded head and body leading to a soft thin membrane sides. Reapers are a good bait to use on waters that receive a high amount of angling pressure. then let the frog sit for a few seconds and repeat. To change up the presentation upon reaching weed pocket or opening let the frog sit and just barely twitch the frog so just the legs quiver. The sizes start from 3" for walleye and bass up to 12" for pike and muskies. After a cast let the frog sit until the ripples subside now pop or twitch the frog once or twice. but can be enticed by a easy meal.

Darseet Garasia Page 93 . colors. That changed in the 1980’s when small basement lure companies started producing larger soft plastic lures designed for pike and muskies. combinations of hard bodied soft tail baits. some even weighing 1 lb and 15 inches in length. Fishing with super sized soft plastic’s opened a new chapter and presentation for pike and muskies anglers through out the world.All you need to know about “FISHING” Magnum From the 1950’s through the 1970’s the soft plastic bait industry was focused on worms and grubs used for bass. This spawned a revolution in the 1990’s regarding the soft plastic lure market as larger companies began taking notice and adding larger soft plastic baits to there product line. Today there are hundreds of variations.

Having an organized tackle box is as important fishing tool as you’re rod and reel set-up. In the decision process of which tackle box suits you’re needs. reels. Biodegradable baits if left on will shrink onto the hook the has to be cutoff.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Tackle Boxes for Storage When people think of sport fishing. you'll be able to get started with no problems. wipe out all water. lures. Soft Plastics and Biodegradable Baits: With the popularity of fishing with soft plastics and biodegradable baits we recommend for storing use the containers or bags they were sold in. baits and terminal tackle in one easy-to-find location will enable you to become a more efficient angler. Today. We have witnessed the unfortunate experience of anglers lack of maintenance and care of their tackle only to find the condition poor and unusable upon a preparation for a trip or on the water. It only takes a few necessary minutes to ensure proper care and storage. and live bait. When using soft baits for trailers ( a soft bait attached to a hook on a inline spinner. dressed jig or a spoon) remove after use. which requires proper care and storage to be used for years to come. Organize all of your lures. Follow these storage maintenance quick steps to ensure that your gear will be ready to go again when you are: Air Out the Tackle Box Upon return from a fishing trip open the tackle box allowing the lures to dry. sun or a chemical reaction have a tendency to melt on the hook affecting the paint of a spoon or the dressing on a spinner or jig. If you’re caught in rain and have puddles on water in the box remove all tackle. rusty hooks also stains the beautiful paint finish of lures. they automatically think of rods. but if you stick to the basics. tackle boxes and soft bags come in every size and shape imaginable. Hang the wet inline spinners with hair or hard baits on the side of the box to dry. Rust on hooks diminishes the strength of the hook and reduces the sharpness. spinner bait. consider the purchase of expensive fishing lures and gear as an investment. Starting you’re tackle box can seem challenging. let the lures dry and replace. Soft plastics through heat. leaving the beginning angler a vast array of choices in finding one which is right for them. as many of today’s soft baits come with scents impregnated into there bodies. Darseet Garasia Page 94 .

hooks. sinkers and bobbers. Over time you will build a collection of successful lures learning what methods and presentations work for each species of fish. from a boat. Fishing Tackle Box Types There are numerous kinds of tackle boxes. ventilation and water drainage ports to remove any water that snuck in. Replace any rusty hooks. jaw spreaders and bolt cutters) as well as head lamps for night fishing. consider these aspects before buying: Size 1. weight and mobility should be a factor. while panfish anglers require a smaller box to hold terminal tackle and smaller lures. Tackle boxes with metal latches hold better than all plastic. The other consideration is where you fish. Time to add new lures you heard or read about for the upcoming season as well.All you need to know about “FISHING” Off Season Tips It is a wise practice every year before the new fishing season or you’re first trip to re-spool new fishing line and grease the reels. Check to see where the box closes and if water can still in. Muskie and Northern Pike fisherman will require a larger box to hold lure from 6 inches and up. each having its own special advantages and design features. After organizing you’re tackle box the last thing you don’t want is the box opening on you spilling your tackle and lures out on the boat. hook sharpener and extra reels or line spools when the need occurs. Once you start to enjoy fishing more regularly. A tackle box should be able to handle the wear and tear of fishing and be strong. Any moisture left unchecked can create mold and rust on the hooks. and split rings on lures. you will find out the most productive lures and the one’s that are not. go through and organize the terminal tackle. Fishing Tackle Box Features In selecting a tackle box. Some of the higher priced tackle boxes come with watertight covers. dock or in the water. When buying a new box test the latch. Water Resistance 3. Durability 2. or shoreline. Extra Space 4. Most tackle boxes are made of materials that is water resistance. The size and function of your tackle box should largely depend on your intended use. Consider having a extra storage area for gear other than lures. It’s nice to have and you don’t forget the release tools (pliers. Here is a description of the most common types of tackle boxes Darseet Garasia Page 95 . It’s also time to wipe clean and organize the tackle box. make sure it closes tight. leaders and terminal tackle etc. A large drawer type or hanging box is best suited for a boat where as the soft sided carry all is best used for shoreline river fisherman or fly-in trips.

Dependent on the size the lower half of the trunk-tray box generally is deep enough for extra storage. Hip-Roof Type Box: The hip-roof type of box is a modified trunk-tray box. Darseet Garasia Page 96 . This box has a long hinge cover when opened one two or three trays that accordion outward over the lid which lays flat. Trunk tray boxes are usually smaller. fit well into limited areas and are light weight allowing the angler mobility and quick access to there gear and lures. when opened both sides have tackle trays that also accordion outward leaving a large bottom compartment for additional storage.All you need to know about “FISHING” Trunk-Tray Type Box: The trunk type tray box is the most popular and is usually the first anglers box or received as a gift. Many anglers use the hip-roof tackle box as their home storage and use smaller trunk tray boxes for day trips. Many anglers own several of these types set-up for species specific fishing presentations. However for long trips or if you wish to take along you’re complete tackle selection the hip roof box are great. Hip-roofed boxes provides a large amount of organized storage with multiple compartmented trays giving the angler easy access and visibility to their tackle once opened.

drawers can be identified by lure type so you know before opening the two-sided openers. where space is limited. From organizing your tackle. They also are good for wet weather fishing with the exception of opening the drawers everything will stay dry. Extra storage is a plus on drawer type boxes with a large cover storage or a single bottom drawer. it sits vertically and the drawers slide out. flashers and dipsey divers) hook sharpeners. flashlights etc… As with all large tackle boxes some anglers prefer to use the drawer type box as their home storage. for storing reels. from one. Satchel Type Box: These briefcase type boxes come in a variety of styles and sizes. They make excellent tackle boxes in putting together separate lures and gear for a day on a lake or river trips. Satchels are versatile from small lightweight models that carry a dozen of lures or panfish terminal tackle up to larger models that handle dozens of larger lures. trolling tools (dodgers.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drawer Type Box: Drawer type boxes are a good choice when fishing from a boat. release tools. and have smaller specialty utility boxes for day to day trips. The see through sides allow you to identify lures instantly. Darseet Garasia Page 97 .

utility boxes can number anywhere from two to six or more. The convenience that soft side bags offer the angler is take only the boxes you need for that day. Hanging Type Box: The hanging box has become popular by Muskie anglers as the box of choice for storing extra large lures. Darseet Garasia Page 98 . The interior features a set of removable dividers or a grid of square compartments made of colored plastic or clear polycarbonate (Lexan) with slots to hang lures by the rear hook. Check to see if the straps and handles have reinforced stitching providing toughness and strength. Depending on the dimensions of the bag. eliminates tangled hooks and allows wet lures to dry. tightly woven padded material or clear uv-resistant polycarbonate (Lexan). The hanging box are available from magnum boat boxes. and with foam tubes inserts ideal for wrapping crawler harnesses. small portable over the shoulder carry on and boat seat slip over pedestal types. The exterior case are available in waterproof plastic. This makes it easy for easy access. A sturdy waterproof material is mandatory that resists punctures and tears. live bait rigs or snells with storage for bottom bouncers and bait walkers. Make sure the shoulder straps are padded. while two may work for panfish and crappies. Now you can build component boxes per each species: panfish . waterproof and give the angle total flexibility to hold a variety of plastic utility boxes along with having numerous storage pockets for extra reels fishing tools and a camera. They are lightweight. having six to eight will be more versatile for bass. When making a decision to purchase a soft side bag bigger is better.trout and muskie and use the soft side bag as the carry-all. pike and muskies. Bass spinnerbaits.bass & pike . view color selection. If you’re crappie fishing no need to take the pike or bass gear. The design of hanging type box also works well for Great Lakes trolling spoons.Walleye crankbaits. this helps when carrying to the boat or along the shore.All you need to know about “FISHING” Soft Side Type: Soft side bags are becoming the most popular tackle storage systems in the fishing world today.

articles. Angler Any person who fishes with a rod and reel or cane pole. Aerator Powered air infusion pump adding oxygen to water. Adipose Fin A small fleshy fin on a salmon's back between the dorsal fin and the tail. catching one fish at a time using a hook. phrases and terms used in written fishing reports. Algae A aquatic plant organism. Anadromous Fish that live most of their adult life in saltwater but spawn in freshwater. Anal Fin A single fin located beneath the tail near the vent. Angling Sport fishing for enjoyment. Augers come in gas powered or manual back power. Anti -Reverse Reel locking system that prevents back reeling. Adaptation Biological adjustments to the fish environment. A Active Fish Fish that are striking and feeding actively. Alley Area’s in weed beds that lack weed growth. All members of the salmon family have them. Alkalinity Measurement of the percentage of acid neutralizing bases. publications as well as online fishing discussion forums. Auger Used for ice fishing to drill holes through the ice. Darseet Garasia Page 99 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Glossary We have assembled definitions on common and not so common types of fishing words.

Barb The spur found on the point of fish hooks. Bait Fish Main forage feed for game fish. Ball The weight attached to a downrigger cable for depth controlled trolling. Belly Roll A action using minnow or glider type lure by rolling exposing the belly flash. Darseet Garasia Page 100 . Bait Casting A type of reel mounted on the top of the rod with a level wind revolving spool. Backing Line Baitcasting / Trolling /Reels Monofilament line tied between dacron or the new super braided lines to prevent line slippage. Bite When a fish strikes or takes your bait / lure also known as a hit and strike. Fly Reels Nylon or dacron line tied between the fly line and the reel to act as additional line if a longer length than the flyline is required to play a fish. Bait Restrictions Limitations to the type of bait sport anglers may use. Basic Fish Needs Security. Bail The metal semi circular bar located on a open faced spinning reel that retrieves fishing line. food and reproduction area’s. Bay A shoreline major indentation on any type of water system. Bag Limit State Natural Resource Department set limit on number of game fish caught daily.All you need to know about “FISHING” B Backlash Overrun of fishing line from reel spool when casting. Bar A lake structure consisting of a long hump or ridge.

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Blades Main fish attracting component found on inline spinners, spinner baits, buzz baits, tail spinners. Blade Baits Weighted flat metal lures used for vertical jigging. Blank Description for a unfinished fishing rod with out guides or handle. Bobber The bobber also known as a slip, cork or float serves two angling functions: A surface strike indicator and a controlled depth presentation using live bait or lure. Bobbin Tool for holding a spool of thread while tying flies, inline spinner and spinner bait tails which allows the thread to be dispensed with a controlled tension. Boga Grip Trade name for a fish landing, handling and weighting tool. Bottom Bouncer A fishing rig made of stiff metal wire with a weight and formed as a number 7. Used to present live bait or artificial lures on the bottom minimizing snagging on structure. Break / Break Line Description of abrupt change in depth, bottom type, weeds, or water clarity. Bream Term used for Bluegill / Sunfish. Bronzeback Term for Small Mouth Bass. Brushline The inside/outside edge of a brushpile. Brushpile Structure either manmade or by nature consists of downed trees, limbs and brush. Bucket mouth Term for Large Mouth Bass. Bucktail A inline spinner tied with Deer, Squirrel hair or Synthetic dressings on hook. Bulger Inline spinner with two blades also referred as twin blade and double blade. Bullet Weight A lead or steel slip sinker shaped as a bullet. Mainly used in front of soft plastic lures: worms, lizards and crawfish for bass.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Bumping The act of making contact using artificial lures such as crank baits or jigs on lake structure (logs/rocks) or the lake bottom to entice a strike. Buzzbait Similar to the spinner bait used on the surface with a propeller replacing the blade. Buzzing A type of fast or quick straight line retrieve, also called ripping, burning and bulging. Lures used buzz baits, spinner baits, inline spinners and surface lures.


Cabbage A common name for the submerged aquatic plant from the Potamogeton species. Carolina Rig A fishing rig used to present the lure on the bottom. The set-up is first a barrel slip weight typically ½ oz or more is threaded on the line then a swivel is tied as a weight stop, on the other end of the swivel a leader is tied from 16” to 34” to the lure. To add sound place a glass bead behind the weight before the swivel this will click upon the weight hitting the bead. Carrying Capacity The number of species a specific areas habitat can support. Catch and Release Sport angling for fish and releasing them back immediately. Some areas allow sport angling, but require release of fish, in these areas, specific types of tackle is required. Caudal Fin The tail fin. Channels The bed of a river or stream also found on flowages and impoundment lakes. Chromer Term used for steelhead or a rainbow trout. Chugger Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when pulled. Clarity Refers to the amount of visibility of viewing underwater objects or your lure. Cold Front Refers to a weather condition when a high clear sky front moves in dropping the temperature.

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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Contact Point A term used to regarding any lake structure that provides fishing action. Such as a bar, rock pile or weed edge. Controlled Drift Known also as drift fishing, when a trolling motor, oars or drift sock is used to control a drift along structure or direction. Colors Term used for number of color segments of lead core line. Coontail A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Hornwort species. Count Down A fishing technique by counting down a lure to fish a specific depth. Count Down Lures Weighted lures than sink approximately one foot per second. Cove A small indentation on a shoreline. Cover General term used describing any type of lake structure natural or manmade that game fish relate too. Crankbait Refers to a minnow imitating lure with a diving lip or lipless. Creatures General term used for fishing with soft plastics imitating: Lizards, Crawfish, Water Dogs, Frogs and Tadpoles. Creel Fish basket or personal fish carrier used to carry fish when fishing on or near shore. Creeper Surface lure straight or jointed with metal wings mounted on sides that provides a unique plopping sound. Used on calm water. Crib A manmade underwater fish shelter, constructed from logs 6’ x 6’ square with brush inside. Placed on ice in winter for positioning. Crimp On Fastening sleeve used on steel and nylon leaders. Cross Lock A type of snap tied directly to fishing line or as a component on a leader.

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Disgorger A hook removing device that removes deeply embedded hooks from fish. By lowering the weight (ball). inline spinner dressings to supply body and floatation. shows bottom type. Depthfinder A electronic device using sonar that measures the depth of water. Dorsal Fin The large single fin located along the back of fish. Crystal Flash Trade name for a synthetic stringy material used in many streamer. Possession limits refer to how many an angler may have in possession while in the field or during transport. The fishing line from an independent rod is attached to the release mechanisms on the downrigger cable. Flasher or LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). Darseet Garasia Page 104 . that can be caught in one day. you can drop the line down to the desired depth. Graph. The dodger is flat attractor with bent edges that sways back and forth to mimic a feeding salmon. weeds. Deer Hair Body hair from deer which is used in many fly. D Dabbling A fishing technique in which the angler works the lure up and down “Dabbling” in the same spot for a period of time. The downrigger is a winch-type mechanism that feeds cable off a rotating reel through a guide system along an extension arm. by species. Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid. At the desired depth the reel is locked into place. and suspended fish. structure. Downrigger Used specifically for constant trolling depth. A footage counter is connected to the reel unit to indicate the specific amount of cable that has been released. Dipsy Diver The dipsy diver is a circular trolling diving device attached to the fishing line that will enable to send lures down to a set depth and out to the side of your boat. fly and inline spinner hook dressing to add flash and color. Dodger A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. A weight is attached to the end of the cable and the line release is attached to the weight.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crustacean ( Crayfish ) A aquatic animal with a segmented body and outer shell. Also known as a Fish finder. Daily catch and possession limits Daily catch limits is the amount of fish.

Erie Dearie A trade name for a weight forward spinner blade with single hook using a night crawler. Ethics Personal code of conduct based on respect for one's self. wind-mixed layer of a thermally stratified lake. Esox Term used for describing a Muskie / Musky. Also known as boat brakes. wind fighters. The hook is usually 16 to 24 inches above the weight and hangs at 90 degrees with the hook point up rigged with soft plastic worms or grubs. E Ecosystem A complex ecological community or environment that contains organisms (eg. Darseet Garasia Page 105 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Drag A braking device on fishing reels that allow line to feed out preventing breakage when the reel is engaged playing a fish. mesotrophic (moderately productive). and your surroundings. currentcompensators. Drop Shot A fishing rig used primarily for bass fishing. Estuary The mouth of a river where fresh water meets and mixes with salt water. and sea anchors. and eutrophic (very productive and fertile). This water is turbulently mixed throughout at least some portion of the day and because of its exposure. A hook tied directly to the line using a palomar knot leaving a tag end for the bell weight attachment. bacteria) interacting with one another forming a functioning whole. boat-positioners. Carbon Dioxide with the atmosphere. Eutrophication The process by which lakes and streams are enriched by nutrients. Epilimnion The upper. Edge Effect Where two habitat types join together resulting in increased diversity for vegetation and wildlife. and the resulting increase in plant and algae. The extent to which this process has occurred is reflected in a lake's trophic classification: oligotrophic (nutrient poor). Drop Off A sudden vertical drop in water depth. can freely exchange dissolved gases such as Oxygen. others. plants. animals. Drift Sock Used for controlled drifting or trolling is in effect a underwater parachute when deployed slows the boat drift rate or trolling speed. Mainly used on Lake Erie.

Flasher A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. Farm Pond Manmade body of water. The flasher is flat attractor with bent edges that rotates 360 degrees to mimic a feeding salmon. Flat Underwater area with lack of structure. Feeding Cycles / Times Best fishing times of the day or night associated with the positioning of the sun and moon and are related to a solunar chart for major and minor feeding periods. Feeder Creek Tributary to a stream or river. Sunset. Flipping A underhand casting technique placing a lure to a precise spot in a quite manner. Figure 8 Technique used on triggering fish to bite upon the completion of a cast. Sunrise. Fish Hair Synthetic hair used in tying streamers and flies. The figure eight is drawing a sideways eight in the water with your rod tip. F Fan Cast Systematic series of casts covering a specific area. Fatheads A commercially sold minnow as live bait used for most gamefish. Darseet Garasia Page 106 . Fillet Removal of bones and skin from flesh of fish to prepare for cooking. Flat Lining A trolling presentation by releasing line and lure off the back of the boat. Finesse Fishing A fishing technique by using very light tackle.All you need to know about “FISHING” Eyes Term used for describing a Walleye. Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid.

Typically used for dry fly fishing and shallow water nymphing. Low lying area’s. Flowage A water system developed by the use of a dam for flood control.All you need to know about “FISHING” Flipping Stick A type of rod designed and used for flipping. Floating Jig A jig hook wrapped with a floating material of hollow plastic or foam. Floatant Material applied to flies and leaders in order to cause them to float on the surface of the water. Forceps A surgical tool used to remove hooks from fish. Fly Line A weighted line which is cast out onto the water to deliver the fly to the desired location. Fly Great Lakes Fly’s Tied using synthetic materials for color and flash. Fly Fishing Fly’s and Streamers An artificial lure hand tied using natural animal hair and feathers to mimic insects. 7-8 feet long Float A term also for bobber. inline spinners as well spinner baits. Darseet Garasia Page 107 . Fly Casting The process of casting a fly line out onto the water. Floss Material for tying flies. Used with a weight to present live bait off the bottom. although dry shake crystals have recently been found on the market. Used behind flashers and dodgers to represent salmon and trout forage. Florida Rig Similar to a Texas rig for Bass with the weight attached (screwed on) to the lure Flashabou Commercial name for a colorful synthetic filament material used in fly tying for adding flash to streamers. existing lakes and rivers are generally used to develop a flowage. Can be found in many densities and tapers. larva and other stream forage. used as a strike indicator for live bait fishing. Floating Line A fly line design to float on the surface of the water along its entire length. Typically sold in liquid or paste form.

As fish swim into the net they are caught on there gill plates. 24 hours a day. Forage Any type of indigenous food for game fish. Gear Ratio Measurement of number of times a reel spool revolves for each turn of the handle. Gills The lungs of a fish. A glider travels through the water on a horizontal plane moving side to side by using a cadence pull retrieve. Department of Defense. crawfish. anywhere in the world." Front Any weather system that has a effect in changing temperature. Glider Term used to describe a Muskie / Northern Pike type minnow lipless lure. mayfly larve nymphs and zooplankton. rain. Full Core Ten colors or a full. GPS (GPS) Global Positioning System is a satellite-based navigation system made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit by the U. frogs. wind and barometric pressure. The GPS system make it possible for people with ground receivers to pinpoint their geographic location in any weather conditions.S. G Game Fish Fish that are fished for as sport and subject to regulations of take. minnows. Gill Net A net either pulled behind a boat or set from shore with floats on top and weights on the bottom to make it hold it upright in the water. standard 100-yard spool of lead core line. There are no subscription fees or setup charges to use GPS. Fry Life stage of fish still very young.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fluorocarbon A type on monofilament (clear) fishing line or leader material. as water flows across the gills the oxygen within them diffuses into the fishes blood and is carried though out of the body. Gill Plate A bony protective flap that covers the gills. Darseet Garasia Page 108 . FOW Abbreviation for "feet of water.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Graph Term used to describe a paper recorded depth finder. Holding Area Term used for structure that habitually holds game fish. Greaser A term used for a Lake Trout. Hard Mono A type of leader material made from monofilament line. Honey Hole Term used for area that constantly produces fish. Half Core Five colors or "half" of a standard 100-yard spool of lead core trolling line. also helps separate fish and important structures on or near the bottom from the actual bottom. Hatchery A facility where fish and raised for stocking. shelter and space. H Habitat The area where organisms live. or plain hooks. Holographic Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape. Grubs comes in hundreds of colors and shapes. Grubs A short soft plastic worm with a swimming/curlytail used on jigs. Hook Cutters Tool used to cut hooks from fish for releasing. Grayline A depth finder feature that allows the angler to distinguish between hard and soft bottom content. Hawg Term used for large fish. Hook Hard wire formed into semi circle with sharpened point and barbed. Head Lamps A battery powered flashlight type attachment on your hat or headgear for night fishing. Also called bolt cutters. water. Darseet Garasia Page 109 . Must provide adequate food.

Invasive Species A species is regarded as invasive if it has been introduced by human action to a location. Inactive Fish Game fish that are non feeding caused by weather / temperature changes. Inside Bend Term for the inside curve of structure also called inside turn. It is isolated from wind mixing and typically too dark for much plant photosynthesis to occur. Hump Underwater area higher than the surrounding area. J Jaw Spreaders A catch and release tool made from hard wire coiled to hold the mouth of a fish open in removing lures or hooks. downed tree. Hypolimnion The bottom. such as insects. or region where it did not previously occur naturally.All you need to know about “FISHING” Horizontal Movement Distance of migrating fish movements remaining at the same depth. their classification. Hypothermia The rapid and abnormal chilling of the body. Darseet Garasia Page 110 . brush pile or crib. habits and history. I Ichthyology Study of fish. Mainly used for large game fish Muskie. Northern Pike. Isolated Structure Stand alone fish attracting structure can be a hump. Invertebrate An animal without a backbone. area. or fluctuations in water levels. and most dense layer of a stratified lake. Inline Spinner Straight wire lure with blade (s) a weighted body and hook dressed or undressed. structures. It is typically the coldest layer in the summer and warmest in the winter.

Jig-N-Pig A bass lure using a jig dressed with a rubber skirt and a pork rind or plastic trailer attached to the hook to mimic a crayfish. Open Water. Made from steel wire. Hard jerks are used for most all species including the larger jerk baits for Muskie and Northern Pike. marabou. Laydowns A log or tree that has fallen into the water caused from beavers. rubber skirts and soft plastic’s. K Keeper Term used for game fish that exceeds the minimum set size limit. droughts and flooding. nylon Darseet Garasia Page 111 . Soft plastic’s jerks are used primarily for bass. Larva Sub surface stage of development of an aquatic insect. L Lake Modifications Environmental elements on water systems that causes changes. Ice and wave erosion. Deep. detects pressure changes. Jig A hook with molded weight attached in lead or steel. There are two categories of jerk baits soft plastic’s jerks and hard minnow type jerks. Lateral line A system of sense organs in fish: a series of pores or canals running along a line on each side of the body and on the head. Jointed Lures Any lure that has a single or multiple pieces that are joined together. Lake Zones Categories used to describing water zones: Shallow. in the water. Leader General The leader is the connection between the main fishing line and the lure. First and Second Break lines and Basin.All you need to know about “FISHING” Jerk Bait The name jerk bait refers to the retrieve the angler uses by short pulls or jerks. including vibrations. erosion or wind. Jigs come plain undressed or dressed with hair.

Clip on and tension held are the most popular. Lindy Rig Trade name for a popular live bait bottom rig using a walking sinker a line stop with a length of line attached to a hook or floating jig head. fishing line is attached directly to the lure. Line Guides Rod rings in which the line is held on a fishing rod. Lentic Still water systems such as lakes and reservoirs Life Vest Personal floatation devices (PFD) to be worn while boating to keep person afloat if overboard. Darseet Garasia Page 112 . Light Intensity Refers to the amount of sunlight that can be measured at certain depths of the water column.wire/nylon/mono and a swivel. Often purchased as a tapered section. some have internal rattles. but can be assembled by tying successively smaller diameter sections of monofilament. Fly Fishing Section of line used between the flyline and the tippet. Comes in 100/200 yard spools used for depth controlled trolling. Action is a tight vibrating wobble. Leeches A commercially sold live bait known as ribbon leech not the blood sucking variety. Limiting Factor A biological limitation to a self-sustaining fish population. Used for most game fish when available during the fishing season. releases hold the fishing line until a strike from a fish. Lead Core Line Lead covered braided line colored every ten yards for metering purposes. Logjam A collection of downed trees usually found by shore. Line Releases Used on planer boards and downrigger weights. Live well Aerated storage compartments found on boats for keeping the caught fish alive. The components of a leader is a snap . Lotic Moving water systems such as streams and rivers.All you need to know about “FISHING” or heavy monofilament the purpose is to minimize bite off’s from game fish. bays or backwaters on rivers caused by current. Lipless Crankbaits Minnow or shad type lures.

Moon Phases Moon times or phases are considered by anglers best fishing times when the fish are feeding. Milfoil A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Myriophyllum species. Fish at or above stated size must be released. Minnow traps are baited with a sticky mix of oatmeal or cornmeal rolled into a golf-ballsized clump. Metalimnion The middle or transitional zone between the well mixed epilimnion and the colder hypolimnion layers in a stratified lake. a batterypowered aerator will keep bait alive all day. This layer contains the thermocline but is loosely defined depending on the shape of the temperature profile. inline spinners and spinner baits. Fish not meeting the minimum size must be released. Perforated floating bait buckets can be dropped over the side of a boat or dock to allow a constant flow of fresh water. M Marabou Used for hook dressing on fly’s. The ball slowly breaks up providing fresh bait for long periods. or at the head of a pool where the current slows. Marabou used today comes from young turkey feathers dyed in many colors. For solid bait buckets. Minimum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protect smaller fish. They work on the principle that a small fish will swim into the trap to find food and is unable to find the way out. Darseet Garasia Page 113 . There are four phases of the lunar cycle. Maximum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protects larger fish. Minnow Trap Minnow traps are cylindrical.All you need to know about “FISHING” Lunker Term used for large fish caught. Migration Patterns Established patterns or paths that game fish use moving one area to another Minnow Bucket A metal or plastic live bait container for minnows. Lure Any artificial bait used to attract and catch fish. on a stream. double-ended wire or plastic mesh funnels that narrow in the middle. Known as a invasive plant species Mono Abbreviation for monofilament line. Suspend the trap near a dock. The first and second quarter of the moon is rated as good fishing. the best is three days prior and after the new of full moon.

landing fish. upon stopping the retrieve the bait will remain at that water level. Night Crawler A earth worm used as live bait. Outside Bend Term for the outside curve of structure also called outside turn. Pattern A repetitive series of location and presentations that consistently produces fish. bait nets and as floating live wells. Pectoral Fin The paired fins located just behind the gills along the abdomen. Their function is to help the fish stop and turn. Nets Nets serve multiple purposes for fishing. N Night Bite Term for active fishing at night. P Paper Mouth A term for crappie. used on most game fish Neutrally Buoyant In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. Darseet Garasia Page 114 . O Off Color Refers to water color such as stained or dark water. Pegging Placing a tooth pick in slip weights in order to fasten to the line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Mud Minnow A commercially sold minnow as live bait used on most game fish. Oxbow U shaped bend in a creek or river.

Poppers Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when popped. Using planer boards allows the angler to run mutltiple lines by planning the boards off each side of the boat.All you need to know about “FISHING” PFD Abbreviation for Personal Floatation Device or Life Jacket. In purchasing a LCD depth finder the higher number of pixels the better screen resolution and clearer images. water with less than 7 is acidic. Pick-Up Term for soft bite or lite hit from a game fish. Pitching A fishing technique by under handing a lure to a designated spot or area. They work on the principle blocking the horizontal polarized light reflections by the vertically oriented polarizers in the lenses. They are attached to the fishing line by the use of a line release ( clip on / tension clip). arranged in rows and columns The pixels are so close together that they appear connected. Upon a fish strike the board will release to play the fish. keeping the board on the line. Darseet Garasia Page 115 . LCD’s display the water below by dividing the screen into thousands of pixels. PH A measurement for liquids to determine acidity or alkaline. Plankton Small or microscopic plants and animals that float or drift in great numbers especially at or near the surface. PH Meter A meter to measure acidity or alkaline. Point A outcropping or finger of land projecting into a water system. Pixels Found on LCD liquid crystal depth finder display screens. A rating of 0 to 14 is used. planer boards are flat made from plastic or a dense floating foam with a beveled edge. On Great Lakes rigging a single release is used and a snap. Polarized lenses may also react adversely with liquid crystal displays LCDs depth finders in reading the display screen. Used for flying fishing and bass. and serve as food for fish and other larger game fish. Planer Boards Used for trolling. Polarized Sunglasses Polarized sunglasses reduces glare from the sun and allows the angler to view into the water. Pocket Small opening in weeds or indentation on a shoreline. A pixel is short for picture element a single point in a graphic image. Pit Old mine that filled with water.

R Rattles Small metal balls used on inside of lures to create sound. Red Worms A earth worm mainly used as bait for sunfish and perch. Reef Any submerged structure protruding off the bottom. swimming tail. retrieve or trolling technique which makes a successful presentation. squirmin tail. Found mainly on reservoirs. structure. Darseet Garasia Page 116 . An artificial reef is man made built for the purpose of promoting a underwater ecosystem in areas of generally a featureless bottom. water depth. Post Front The weather after cold front moves through bringing clear blue bird skies and cooler temperatures. Used primarily for ice fishing and muskie fishing with suckers. Riprap A man made stretch of boulders and rocks to prevent land erosion attracting many game fish. impoundment and flowages. Lure types and color. Also called curly tail. Red Tail Chub A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike and Walleyes. Ripple Tail Type of flat tail made on soft plastic lures that ripple or undulate in the water. and squirrelly tail. Presentation A term encompassing all elements in catching fish.All you need to know about “FISHING” Pork Rind Made from pig skin pork rind attach as trailers to lures for added action. Q Quick Strike Rigs A fishing rig of multiple hooks placed on live bait in order to set the hook upon a strike of a fish. Reservoir A type of water system that is developed by the use of a dam. natural such as rock piles or sand that vary in size and depth. Prism Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape.

Sanctuary Area’s where fish are protected by the state Natural Resource Department. and spinner baits are generally used. Scents also are impregnated in manufacturing of soft plastic lures. crawfish. Scents Also known as fish formulas and attractants are marketed as sprays. Rough Fish Fish not considered sport fish and generally not regulated. After the school is surrounded. anise. Rubber Core Sinker A type of elongated sinker with a rubber core to attach ( twist on ) fishing line. Shad Tail A type of tail on a lure that shakes back and forth. Scents come in numerous different flavors or odors ranging from forage scents. fruits and vegetables. crank baits. cherry and garlic. shad. liquids and jellies applied to lures to mask the human odor and attract game fish. Short Strike Term for missed fish or short bite. the bottom of the net is drawn shut to trap the fish. Used on soft plastic lures. Single Strand Leader A leader component made from a single steel hard wire. Scoop Made in metal or plastic. inline spinners. salt. used for Muskie and Northern Pike on jerk baits and gliders Darseet Garasia Page 117 . a handle with a strainer type scoop to clean ice fishing holes. Seven Strand Leader A type of leader material using seven strand flexible wire. Seine A net laid out in a circle around a school of bait fish. S Saddle Lake structure that narrows and opens to a wide area. Search Lures Lures used in a quick presentation such as fan casting a areain order tofind aggressive fish.All you need to know about “FISHING” Rosy Reds A commercially sold minnow as live bait available in the winter months for ice fishing. minnow to spices.

in which the fishing line slips through to a line knot/stop above the weight and hook. Slot Limit Fishing regulation which requires release of fish within a listed size range (or slot). The slip bobber is used for deep water live bait presentations mainly for walleyes and crappies and panfish. Size Limits Fishing regulations which limits anglers to keep fish based upon size. Slider A trolling rig by attaching multiple fishing lines to a single down rigger cable and weight by using sliding releases. Snap A rigging component used to connect the lure from a leader or directly to the fishing line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Sinking Line A flyline design to sink below the surface of the water for getting a wet fly or streamer down deeper. Darseet Garasia Page 118 . weeds. A snubber is a length of surgical tubing with a swivel attached at both ends. Inside the tubing is a coiled piece of heavy line. made from lead or steel. Slit Refers to the lake bottom content also known as muck. A slip sinker rig is well suited when still fishing the bottom for light biting fish such as walleyes. Slow Roll A fishing retrieve by slow rolling a spinner bait or weedless spoon over cover. Soft Plastic’s A category classification of any lure made from soft plastic’s. Slip Sinker Any sinker that fishing line passes through. Once they take in the bait they can pull the line through the sinker eye not feeling any resistance which would cause them to spit out the bait. Slip Bobber A fishing rig component that uses a float/bobbermade of wood or dense foam around a hollow tube. wood. Snubbers Used on trolling rigs from the Dipsy Diver to the leader. rocks or on the bottom. When a fish strikes a trolled lure. Can be found with different sink rates for different fishing styles Sinkers Any type of weight used for fishing rigs. the snubber stretches out to absorb the impact and then retracts. Slough A narrow stretch of water such as a creek of stream off a lake or river system. Ski Short term used for describing a Muskie / Musky.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Soft Tail Lures Hard bodied lures incorporating a soft plastic swimming or shad tail. Spawn Sac’s are made from fish egg’s or roe tied together in using a fine mesh netting. Split Shot Type of round weight made from lead or steel that is pinched on fishing line. Stained Water Refers to water color caused by minerals tree roots or drainage. Spinner Bait A safety pin styled lead head wire blade (s) lure with a single hook dressed with rubber skirt hair or soft plastic’s. Spincaster A closed face spinning fishing reel mounted on the top of a rod employing a push button release for casting. The line is retrieved in a spinning fashion over the bail. Splash Tail A surface lure with a bell shaped metal tail attached on the end that flaps side to side also known as a flap tail. spoons are made from metal with hooks attached. the act of releasing eggs into the water by female fish for fertilization by male fish. Split Shotting A finesse rig by using a small split shot above a single light wired hook using live bait or small soft plastic’s. Steelhead and Trout when spawning occurs in streams and rivers. Spoons Considered one of oldest lures used in fishing. Spinning Reel A open faced reel mounted underneath the rod. Split Ring A lure component (wired ring) connecting the hooks to the lure. Spawning Reproductive activity of fish. Stick Bait Darseet Garasia Page 119 . Spring Fed Water system that is supplied water through a underground spring. Used as bait on a drift fishing bottom rig. virtually used for all game fish with thousands of varieties and colors. Usual lengths approximately 4 to 5 feet. Spud A ice fishing metal chisel to clean frozen over holes. Spawn Sac’s A effective bait used for Salmon.

upon stopping the retrieve the bait will suspend at that water level. T Darseet Garasia Page 120 . Also called Neutrally Buoyant Lure. making the bait go back-and-forth to resemble a wounded baitfish. Swivels acts as a line stop and rigging connectors for bottom rigs also connects the fishing line to a leader to prevent line twist. Walleyes and Muskies." Stick-Ups Any above surface stationary structure such as tree stumps or limbs. Stragglers Term used when a school of fish move and a few stay behind. Stinger Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called trailer hook. Structure Underwater structure is basically all solid objects rising from the bottom of a lake or river that isn't part of the actual bottom as in tree’s. Swimming Lures Any type of lures that are designed to swim as a baitfish by providing a wobble. Swivel A rigging component with many uses. Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front. cribs and rocks which creates habitats for feeding fish. old bridge pilings and fence posts. brush piles. Stringer A steel or nylon cable with or without snap hooks to keep fish. vibrate or wiggle motion. The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop. Suspending Lures In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. Stink Bait Home made or commercially bought stink baits are concoctions of ingredients that produces a unique aroma that attract catfish and carp. which is called "walking the dog. Strip On’s A old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner.All you need to know about “FISHING” A lipless slender plug or topwater lure that is given action by the angler manipulating the rod and reel. Suckers A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike. Suspended Fish Fish that relate to open water away from structure.

snaps. These are areas underwater where warmer layers of water meet cooler layers. Taper Underwater structure gently slopes downward. Terrestrial Term used to describe land-based insects which are often food for fish. Upon a fish strike the rod will follow a downward motion indicating a fish strike. The function of a tip down is a rod holder and a strike indicator. Terminal Tackle A category classification for rigging components such as: hooks. weights swivels. Used on soft plastic worms. crawfish and lizards. To make the rig weedless insert the hook about 3/8 of a inch in the front of the lure. Test A measurement of fishing line strength as stated on the label. Thermocline During the summer months lakes stratify into layers. Thumper Tail Lure A jointed surface lure with a rotating rear section using a metal cupped tail blade. shaped as a H with a base. Tinsel A metallic filament used in lure tying to provide flash and color on great lakes flies. To rig a bullet weight is threaded on the line then a hook is tied. Darseet Garasia Page 121 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Tackle Box A container that stores fishing equipment in a organized manner for transporting and protecting the tackle from the weather elements. snap swivel and blade to a soft plastic lure or live sucker to add attraction and color. this is the themocline and where fish are often active. The ice fishing rod is held on a tip down balancing on a pivot rod at a 45 degree angle upward maintaining depth control of the bait. inland stream flies as well as bucktails. Tip Down Used for ice fishing a tip down is made of wood or plastic. baitfish hang just above the thermocline. and bobber stops. turn the hook and insert the point back into the lure with out exposing the point of the hook. Tippet The monofilament section of the fly rig between the leader and the fly. while larger game fish are found suspended in or just below it. Generally. Texas Rig A weedless bottom rig used on soft plastic lures. split rings. push the hook to the eye. Tail Spinners A tear drop weighted head jig with a blade mounted on the tail used for vertical jigging. Tail Gunner A muskie rig by attaching a combination of a single hook.

Used for controlled drifting / casting and boat positioning. The amount of line used is held by the trip rod using the metal wire with the flag. Trolling Motor A electric small fishing motor powered by marine batteries. Topwater Lure Any lure that floats on the water also known as a surface lure. Tributary A stream that flows into a larger stream. Topper Lure A straight top water lure with propellers in front and back. Trolling Board A trolling board are either single ordouble in make up. Used for all game fish. The tip up rig is placed over a ice fishing hole on the cross piece with the metal tube turned vertically and placed in to the water. Tubes A hollow bodied soft plastic lure tipped with tentacles. Upon a fish strike the reel will turn moving the trip rod releasing the flag. They are drawn through the water by a connecting line from the boat or mast to the board itself unlike a planer board that is connected to the fishing line. Darseet Garasia Page 122 . mounted on the bow or stern. weeds to rocks etc… Also used in fish migration context. Trolling boards allows the angler to run multiple rod set-ups by placing sliding releases on the connecting line. Treble Hook A three pronged hook used on most all lures. Trolling A fishing method where fishing lines are pulled behind a boat to attract and catch fish. Transition A term used when describing changing of water bottom conditions such as hard to soft. Centered on the cross piece is a metal tube filled with anti freeze attached to a reel on the bottom and a trip bar on top. rigged with a jig or hook inside. Torpedo Lure A top water lure shaped as a cigar or torpedo. Trailer Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called stinger hook. Triggering The act of causing a fish to bite / strike a lure or live bait. The retrieve used is “Walk the Dog” using short cadence snaps making the lure move side to side.All you need to know about “FISHING” Tip-Up Used for ice fishing a tip up is a set rig using a cross piece of plastic or wood with a spring loaded wire and flag attached.

or a Gore-Tex-like material. the act of popping a minnow type lure on the surface to sub surface creating a erratic motion of a distressed baitfish. Waypoint A GPS term for location. Typically made of neoprene. Can be insulated to supply warmth. This allows wind and wave action to mix the entire lake. warming may occur too rapidly in the spring for mixing to be effective. spot. Darseet Garasia Page 123 . V Vertical Movement Up and down movement of fish through water columns also a fishing technique by jigging. It's shape also prevents it from rolling and the streamlined shape resists snags. especially in small sheltered lakes. Vest A piece of clothing used to hold various tools.All you need to know about “FISHING” Turnover Fall cooling and spring warming of surface water act to make density uniform throughout the water column. Vise The tool used to hold a hooks or lures in place while tying or building lures. Walk the Dog A fishing retrieve used on the surface by snapping a torpedo type lure with short cadence snaps to move the lure side to side. nylon. Mixing allows bottom waters to contact the atmosphere. fly boxes and other equipment while fishing. Twitching A fishing retrieve. raising the water's oxygen content. Waxworms The wax worm is the larvae of the wax moth. Favorite bait for panfish used year round. or destination (latitude/longitude) that can be stored in memory to be recalled and used at a later time for navigation purposes. However. the larvae are milky white or light tan about 3/4" in length. W Waders Protective outer clothing used to keep the fisherman dry when standing or float-tubing in water. Walking Sinker Used on bottom rigs made from lead or steel The walking sinker is designed to pivot on it's heel and let the line slide through the eye.

especially at or near the surface. or transition of the bottom type. Darseet Garasia Page 124 . Wobbler A international term used to describe a jointed plug or crank bait. Wolf River Bait Rig Popular river bottom fishing rig named after the river it is used on. fiber or plastic guards over the hook. and serve as food for fish and other larger organisms. wire line is available in single wire or stranded made of copper and nickel-copper alloy and stainless steel. Cast drop and drag slowly. Weedline A weed line or weed edge is caused by a change in depth. Worm Harness A fishing rig using a leader with multiple single hooks for night crawlers along with a combination of blades and or floats. The basic components are a bell sinker with a length of line to a three way swivel connecting to the rod and a short leader to the hook.All you need to know about “FISHING” Weedless A term used to describe making a lure. Worm’n A bass fishing technique using a soft plastic worm. jig or hook minimize snagging on weeds or wood by using a wire. Z Zooplankton Small or microscopic animals that float or drift in great numbers in water. Wire Line Used for deep water trolling. lizard or crawfish.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Darseet Garasia Page 125 .

All you need to know about “FISHING” Darseet Garasia Page 126 .

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