All you need to know about “FISHING”

November 1, 2012 Compiled by: Darseet Garasia

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Darseet Garasia

Page 1

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Fishing Rods & Reels
In determining a fishing rod and reel one must consider the species you are fishing for along with the type of lure or live bait to be used. For instance your rod and reel set-up should match the fishing presentation. If you're pursuing panfish using light lures or small minnows your outfit should be lightweight for casting and detecting bites, not a heavy baitcaster for pike or bass. There are five main basic categories of fishing rod and reel combinations, and within each there are multiple sub-categories of specialty types of outfits used for specific fishing applications, for example Walleye fisherman use rod and reel set-ups for slip bobber, slip sinker, jigging and trolling. Bass fisherman carry pitchin', flippin', crank baiting, and soft plastics combo's. Muskie anglers have bucktail, jerk bait and top water outfits. In short, fishing rods and reels have come a long way over time, with new space age materials having been developed for rod construction making them longer and much lighter as well as reels with multiple ball bearings and one piece alloy and graphite frames.

Fishing Rod & Reel Combinations:

SPINCASTING:

This is the preferred set-up for the inexperienced angler. Spincasting outfits are excellent in teaching the beginning angler and children the mechanics of casting. The spin cast reel is mounted above the rod with the reel spool enclosed with a nose cone cover, this prevents line snarling and backlash's that are associated with bait casting reels. Casting is a simple task, the angler presses and holds down a button on the rear of the reel, this disengages the line pick-up pin, upon the forward cast the line comes off the spool. Once the crank handle is turned the pick-up pin is engaged retrieving the line on the spool. Spincast reels have low gear ratios as a result of the size of the spool, which makes it difficult to fish lures that require a fast retrieve such as: inline spinners, spinner baits and buzz baits. When purchasing a spincast reel consider selecting models with anti reverse and smooth drag system versus the inexpensive all plastic models with sticky drags that result in broken line. For rods buy fiberglass their durable will hold up from abuse.

Darseet Garasia

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Spinning rods have large fishing line guides to minimize line friction upon casting. High and Low Retrieve Speed along with anti-reverse handles and line drags designed to slow runs by large and powerful gamefish. Baitcasting outfits are considered the standard when using heavier lures fishing bass. Tighten the knob until it feels snug. For successful casting the most important setting is the casting brake. Today all quality bait casting reels have a spool tension feature for adjusting the centrifugal brake. when casting the angler moves the rod backward then snapping it forward. The design was of a fixed spool reel mounted below the fishing rod with a mechanical pick-up (wire bail) used to retrieve the fishing line. pike and muskie. Push the casting release button. Spinning outfits operate best using fairly light weight limp flexible monofilament fishing lines and are used for bluegills.All you need to know about “FISHING” SPINNING: Spinning reels where commercially introduced in 1948 by Mitchell Reel Company of France. perch and walleyes. grasping the line with the forefinger. (The casting brake is the small knob located in the center under the reel handle side) To set the cast control. In casting a spinning reel the angler opens the bail. BAITCASTING: Baitcasting outfits are excellent for many kinds of fishing. All bait casting reels are mounted above the rod. and come in a wide variety of options and types: Round and Low Profile. In the early years of bait casting reels the angler used their thumb to control the amount of line travel as well as to prevent the spool overrun or backlash. Let the lure hit the ground and watch the spool. then using a backward snap of the rod followed by a forward cast. the line is drawn off the fixed non rotating spool and not against a rotating spool such as a bait casting reel. Your lure should not move. Because of this lighter lures can be used where the weight of the lure does not have to pull against a rotating spool. The anti reverse feature prevents the crank handle from rotating while fighting a fish allowing the angler to use the drag. and or a magnetic 'cast control' to reduce spool overrun during a cast and resultant line snare called a birds nest. the line is pulled off the reel by the weight of the lure. Hold the rod at the 2 o’clock position and slowly turn the knob counter clockwise until the lure starts to fall. The Darseet Garasia Page 3 . crappies. tie on your lure and reel it to the tip of your rod.

If it spins more than one revolution. Trolling is a form of angling where lines with hook-rigged lures are dragged behind a boat to entice fish to bite. Overall bait casting outfits are best suited for the experienced angler. tighten the cast control knob and repeat the procedure. The spool line capacity on trolling reels is greater than bait casting reels to accommodate heavier fishing line that is used for long line big water trolling. Inland freshwater anglers use monofilament and lead core for walleyes and salmon. TROLLING: The term trolling not only reflects the type of equipment. All trolling reels have three basic features: star drag (Line Braking System) on the reel handle for fighting large game fish. they can be intimidating but you can learn with a little time and effort. In learning the casting technique we recommend practicing on land with a plastic casting plug. as the trolling reels are mounted above the rod. Trolling outfits are very similar to bait casting set-ups. Trolling reels are designed to offer the most versatility when it comes to fishing line options. If the spool does not spin after the lure hit’s the ground. Trolling rods range from long and limber for downriggers and planer boards to stiff for large crank baits. Muskie & Pike anglers use low stretch braided super lines for trolling large plugs and spinners. Coastal saltwater anglers use wire lines made of stainless steel. Baitcasting rods have also evolved from the older 5-6 foot pool cue rods to 7-9 foot lengths used today allowing increased casting distance and accuracy. the cast control is set too tight. Loosen the knob and repeat the procedure. Trolling can be as simple as just letting line off the reel with an attached lure known as flat lining or using rigging systems such as a downriggers.All you need to know about “FISHING” spool should not spin more than one revolution after the lure hit’s the ground. FLYCASTING: The art of fly fishing has been documented going back for hundreds of years dating to ancient times. Trolling is a productive fish catching technique by presenting multiple lures covering a lot of water. titanium or a combination of metal alloys to prevent toothy fish from severing the line. an on/off line release lever and a line out alarm (Clicker) other options are a line counter allowing the angler to replicate the amount of line used on successful fish catching patterns. planer/trolling boards and dipsey divers. it is also illegal in some area’s of the country so please check your local fishing regulations. Darseet Garasia Page 4 . but a commonly used method of fishing. Baitcasting reels offer the angler a wide variety of fishing line options ranging from the new super lines (Braided Low Stretch) to copolymer "Fluorocarbon" and nylon monofilament. ( See our trolling section for more rigging information).

not the lure. roll cast side. The correct angle is 10 o' clock to 2 o' clock. a reel that is too light for a rod will make it feel tip heavy. Other casting techniques are false casting.For a properly balanced outfit hold the rod with the reel attached on the fore grip (the handle above the reel) by using a few fingers. The angling method of fly fishing is casting a fly or streamer consisting of a hook tied with fur. Fishing Reel Features: In selecting the right reel for your style of fishing there are literally thousands of different reels on the market today to choose from. If you're considering fly fishing we highly recommend that you seek professional guidance by visiting your local fly fishing pro shop in selecting the rod. The fly line. shooting-head) level (even through out) as well as floating and sinking types. What pound test line is best suited for the fishing application. by fishing for a length of time your wrist will tire by trying to hold the rod upward. First. if not change reel sizes or rod length to achieve a balanced outfit. reel and fly lures as well as receiving lessons on casting. what kind of fish will you be catching? What is the average size. The main objective is to load the rod with stored energy then transmit that energy to the fly line allowing the angler the acceptable amount of casting distance. but now are constructed from man made composite materials (fiberglass. others are single and double haul cast. attached on the end of the fly line is a leader of monofilament or fluorocarbon fishing line called a tippet in whichthe fly lure is tied to. There are several types of casts in fly fishing. flexible fishing rods originally made of split bamboo.All you need to know about “FISHING” countless articles have been written regarding legendary trout stream fishing or for European salmon. Fly lines are available in a variety of forms varying from tapered sections (double-tapered. foam. You will have problems casting and it will take away the sensitivity from the rod tip in feeling a fish strike. weight-forward. thin. For the more proficient caster using the same set-up a spinning reel is best. Fly fishing reels are mounted below the rod with the basic design of line storage. The fly lure is non-weighted for which the fly rod uses the weight of the fly line in casting the fly lure. Conversely. the rod should sway back and forth and stay somewhat horizontal not completely moving forward or backward. Fly rods are sized (matched) by the weight of the fly line from size #0 rods for the smallest freshwater trout and panfish up to and including #16 rods for large saltwater game fish. As the targeted species gets larger requiring heavier line and lures a conventional reel or bait caster will be the better choice. the angler used their hand as a line brake known as palming when fighting a fish.feathers. For the best performance from your reel. or curve cast and the tuck cast. As a general guideline the lighter the line and smaller the game fish the best reel choice for the novice anglers and children is a spincast reel. carbon/graphite and boron/graphite) ranging from 6ft to 14ft in length. Darseet Garasia Page 5 . Before we compare the features of fishing reels here are some pointers that will help you determine a list of requirements for the best type of reel to use. Fly rods are long. Early fly reels often had no drag systems just a clicker that was used to keep the reel from overrunning the line when pulled from the spool. minnows and other aquatic creatures. determines casting. used to cast a fly lure without landing on the water. The angler starts by stripping line off the reel with one hand while whipping the rod in a series of back a forth motions over the shoulder. and angling technique? Will you be casting lures using live bait or trolling. or other lightweight materials to mimic insects. the most common is the forward cast. The goal is to present the fly lure in such a way that the line lands smoothly on the water’s surface and appears natural. the reel must be balanced with your rod. These answers will narrow down your search and aid in purchasing the proper reel. Newer fly reels have incorporated disc type drag that allows the angler the adjustment range using the combination of the rod and reel to control large game fish in powerful runs. If you use a reel that weighs too much for the rod it will feel butt heavy. For the less experienced angler this can be somewhat confusing.

many of them are universal and found on all types of reels. ANTI REVERSE: The anti reverse function on fishing reels is so the handle does not turn backwards when the line is pulled from the reel as the drag is used. CASTING CONTROLS: (BAITCASTING) All quality baitcasting reels come with built in casting control systems that help determine how fast the spool is spinning when casting. It is still advisable to apply light thumb pressure on the spool in order to prevent a backlash. at the beginning of a cast (with the increased RPM‘s) this mechanism rotates out towards the braking magnets to slow the spool which helps reduce backlashing. Spinning reels have two types of drags . not the type or quality of the bearings.front drag and a rear drag. these descriptions will help you identify and understand the ideal reel for your angling needs. The drag uses a set of multiple disc washers that compress when pressure is increased or relaxed when decreased. BALL BEARINGS: All conventional fishing reels contain either ball bearings or bushings built within the reel to operate the spool smoothly. In other words a 2 ball bearing reel machined with tight tolerances and high quality factory sealed stainless steel bearings will perform longer and smoother than a reel with 6 ball bearings made of brass. The deciding factor when it comes to purchasing a new reel should not be limited to just the number of bearings but the overall performance. The front Darseet Garasia Page 6 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Listed below are the features and components that make up fishing reels. The concept of the drag is letting the line unwind in a controlled manner off the reel when a fish pulls so hard that the line is in danger of breaking. adjustments are made by turning the wheel to the proper tension. For larger game fish some bait casting and trolling reels use a additional anti reverse gear along with the bearing this adds security if the bearing can not handle the strain of hard running fish. think of it as a clutch or line braking system. While no bait casting reel is considered backlash free even with all of the casting features to help control the spool casting speed. But one must consider that the amount of bearings does not necessarily mean that the reel is smoother than others with less. The centrifugal casting control is located on the reel handle side and his adjusted by turning the knob forward or backward. (smooth cranking. The drag should be set tight enough for a hook set. High quality reels that feature the number of bearings on models followed with a single number such as 7+1 indicates a anti reverse bearing which with tighter machining tolerances provides the angler with a "no play in handle" giving the angler complete control during stop and go retrieves and solid hook sets. The drag feature is a tension setting applied to the spool of the reel. Spinning reels have an anti reverse on/off lever that will allow the angler the choice of engaging the drag or back reeling when fighting a fish. DRAG: All types of fishing reels have a drag system. Most baitcasting reels today have anti reverse as a standard feature. Front drags are generally smoother than a rear drag. Reel companies only list the total number of bearings for the reel. This is the fine tuning feature found on more expensive reels that works with a internal transfer braking mechanism. machining & bearing qualities ) as comparing to other reels in determining which is the smoothest. The magnetic control braking system is located on the other side with a numbered position dial to increase or decrease the amount of magnetic force applied to the spool. Baitcasting/Trolling/Spincast reels use a star-shaped wheel located on the reel handle called a star drag. It is the generally thought that the greater amount of bearings in a reel the smoother the operation and the higher the cost. These systems are centrifugal and magnetic. depending on the model some have one some have both and are either externally adjustable or internal. but loose enough to come off of the fishing reel easily.

1 are the best compromise if purchasing a single reel. LINE CAPACITY: Printed on the reel or it's package is a guideline of the amount of fishing line that the spool of the reel will hold. This offers the angler the convenience of not manually guiding the line on the spool. By varying the pound test line on the reel such as placing 40lb on a reel rated for 8lb-12lb will give you an inadequate amount of line due to the increased line thickness making the reel difficult to cast as well as increasing the stress and eventual failure on the drag (By setting the drag too tight) With the advent of new fishing lines with increased lb test and reduced diameters we still recommend that you follow guideline placed on the reel by the reel company. but they normally don’t stand up to big fish and demanding conditions like front drag reel models. This chart is based on the use of monofilament line and will look like this: 8/(175) 10/(155) 12/(130) the first number is the lb test followed by the amount of yards. Lever drags allows the tension to be adjusted in more precise smaller increments which supplies a smoother fish fighting performance. Analog and Digital. back off the drag tension setting. and lipless crank baits. you should be fine. Analog line counters resemble car odometers. Rear drag spinning reels may offer convenience and ease of use. Leaving drag settings tight will cause the drag washers to become flat reducing the tension ability. clicking off numbers as the spool revolves. Another tip to reduce reel maintenance. Digital line counters provide the same line usage reading as the analog but can also be programmed for Darseet Garasia Page 7 . The gear ratio refers to how many revolutions the spool of the reel makes per one complete turn of the reel handle.Pull the line with your hand. when storing your reels for a extended amount of time. Lever drags are a available feature on high end (expensive) trolling and baitcasting reels. Dipsey Divers and Trolling Boards) There are two types of reel line counters. and large muskie baits. the level wind feature automatically places the line evenly or level across on the spool upon retrieving the line. on larger round bait casting reels the line guide will follow the line when casting. It allows a reference by which anglers can consistently return a bait to the same depth or distance from the boat when flat line trolling or rigging (Downriggers. In cases where you hook a exceptional sized fish the drag should be adjusted (increased) as you feel the size of the fish. Generally low speed reels are best suited for lures that require a slow presentation and greater cranking power such as crank baits for bass and pike. For instance a high speed reel with a 6:1 ratio will make 6 revolutions versus a low speed reel at 3:1 with 3 revolutions per each turn of the reel handle. LEVEL WIND: Found on most baitcasting and trolling reels as the name implies. which if not properly done will usually pile up in the center of the spool. LINE COUNTERS: This reel feature is found exclusively on trolling reels. multiple disc drag washers on the spool that offer a higher level of performance and durability. if you have a decent amount of resistance.All you need to know about “FISHING” drag features larger. spinnerbaits. Reels with the range of 5. High speed reels are better for working lures quickly when the angler seeks speed for "burning" bucktails. The rear drag uses applied pressure on the drive shaft. Another alternative is a two speed reel that the angler can shift from high speed to low speed with a simple push or pull of a button. GEAR RATIOS: All reel manufactures list the gear ratio on their products. This indicates the line rating set by the manufacturer for 8-12 lb test line to work correctly without either stressing parts or making it difficult to use. As a rule always check your drag before your first cast. On low profile and smaller round baitcasting reels the line guide will remain in its' position when casting.

On many baitcasting aluminum spools holes have been drilled in to reduce the weight while increasing casting distance. They are mainly used for presenting live/cut bait on the ocean and freshwater muskie fishing using suckers. reels made of anodized aluminum are generally stronger and more durable than the graphite models. Due to the nature of a spinning reel's design. Graphite-bodied reels are light and corrosion resistant. pitchin. some manufacturers have introduced one-piece graphite frames. Line counters are also very useful on how much line is left on your reel after a fish makes a run. This design increases the overall integrity and strength of the reel. used and developed by tournament and pro anglers. which can break or crack under torque. trolling. LINE OUT ALARM: This feature is a audible alarm alerting the angler of a fish strike also known as a clicker or bait alarm. from the early days using natural materials with fixed fishing lines such as sticks. Spinning reels today feature a "skirted" spool that overlaps the reel frame. flippin. crank baits. elongated "long cast" spool design. In theory. while maintaining the lighter weight. REEL HOUSINGS AND FRAMES: Most reel housings and frames are constructed of either aluminum (die-cast or forged) or graphite. fiberglass. resulting in greater casting distance. or a shallower. rods designed for a fishing technique or lure such as jigging. With this development of the rod materials came the specialty rods. top water etc… the specialty rods are a specific tool. Always keep your thumb on the free spool to control the amount of line released to prevent a backlash. Many conventional baitcasting reels are also constructed in the same fashion. bamboo and cane poles to rods using steel or fiberglass to the rods of today using graphite or composites of graphite. the newer long-cast spool design allows for reduced line friction. A simple on-off switch is used in the free spool mode. FISHING RODS: Fishing Rods have evolved over the years. Other skirted spinning reel spool options offers a choice of a standard spool. yet they normally don’t offer the same strength and durability as die-cast or forged aluminum fishing reels. they are heavier. jerkbait. For big water heavy duty fishing large baitcasting and trolling spools are made from metal. ON / OFF FREE SPOOL LEVER: On trolling reels there is a simple on/off lever that when switched on engages the reel for retrieving the line. SPOOLS: When selecting a reel the material type and design of the spool should be a point of consideration. when switched off it is in free spool allowing the angler to let the line run off the reel using a bait or lure. but place a specialty rod in the hands of an experienced fisherman in presenting a certain bait or lure and with their knowledge of fishing it will give them the edge in catching more fish. worm. Darseet Garasia Page 8 .All you need to know about “FISHING” differences in line thickness accounting for impressive accuracy. Of the two the anodized aluminum spool offers greater strength and durability than graphite spools. boron and carbon. machined anodized aluminum and graphite. Always disengage the clicker when retrieving or casting. for the recreational angler the catch rate will not increase based on having a specialty rod or rods. their bodies are composed of multiple pieces. There are two common materials used. preventing the line to become entangled with in the reel housing. however. Each of these materials has its advantages and disadvantages. however. using bronze or stainless steel that will offer the strength and capacity required for specialty lines such as heavy dacron or wire used for trolling. Line out alarms are available on baitcasting and spinning reels.

5‘-6"-6‘-0" Spincast Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight Test Line Rating 4lb-8lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and Walleye. and a good rod will definitely help you accomplish this. With the numerous rod selections available today here’s a few suggested basic rod buying tips that will cover multiple fishing presentations. topwater) Length: 7’-0" Type: Baitcasting Rod Power: Extra Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight: 1-3oz Test line rating: 25lb + Fishing: Northern Pike and Muskies spooled with 50lb-80lb braided line with a leader for presenting heavy lures 1oz and up ( inline spinners. the better the rod the more sensitive it will be. small jigs and light lures 1/16-1/8oz. rocks. spinner baits.3/8oz Test Line rating 8lb-12lb Fishing: Walleye and Bass spooled with 8lb test monofilament for live bait and soft plastic bottom rigs. the more responsive it will be. you will be able to cast farther feel structure. Good combo set-up for children and novice anglers for easy casting and bobber fishing. weeds and the most important feel fish strikes. gliders. 7‘-0" Spinning Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight 1/32 . Part of being a better angler is the ability to place your lure/bait exactly where you want it. 7’-0" Spinning Rod Power: Medium Light-Medium Action: Moderate Lure Weight 1/8 . spinner baits. crank baits. jerk baits. Spooled with 6lb test.1/8oz Test line rating 4lb-6lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and early season Walleye spooled with 4lb test monofilament for Float(Bobbers) with live-bait. often as quietly as possible. jigs. tubes and mid weight lures 1/8-3/8oz. crankbaits.All you need to know about “FISHING” As the old cliché states: "You get what you pay for" For the recreational angler we recommend spending as much as your budget allows.1 oz Test line rating 10lb-17lb Fishing: Bass and Northern Pike spooled with 12lb-15lb test monofilament with a leader primarily for heavier artificial lures 3/8-1oz (spoons. top water) Darseet Garasia Page 9 . 6’-6"-7’-0" Baitcasting Rod Power: Medium-Medium Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight 3/8 . inline spinners.

GRAPHITE: Graphite rod building started in the 1970’s and has continued to this day. The moderate action rod is the most common choice due to the versatility of fishing applications. Action ranges from extra fast where just the tip flexes to slow or softer where the majority of the rod flexes. graphite comes in what looks like sheets of cloth. being assured that the higher the IM ranking the higher the graphite quality of the rod. resin and cross-scrim construction (overlapping layers to achieve exceptional strength and action) are more important than the modulus count or rating. The first is "modulus graphite rating". For instance. along with reaction lures such as crank baits. soft plastic worms or twitching minnow/shad shaped crank baits for bass and walleye. spinner baits and spoons for bass and pike Darseet Garasia Page 10 . at least you can compare the rods built by the same manufacturer. ROD RATINGS: ACTION / POWER Action refers to the flex characteristics of a rod. Some anglers use fiberglass when fishing crank baits for the slow action and muskie anglers use fiberglass in cold weather for quick strike rig sucker fishing where the rod sensitivity is not required but the toughness (setting the hook especially in very cold weather and not breaking the rod) is needed. Most all quality rods today are built using graphite and have become the preferred choice for rod blank builders. If your shopping for a new rod don’t base your decision solely on the modulus rating. they're extremely light. For high performance rods the combination of fiber strength. The benefits of graphite rods are many. fast action light rods are used for jigs. The IM rated rods are not regulated by industry standards or an indication of quality but rather a trade name for particular graphite produced by the Hexcel Corporation. walking top water lures or a cadence retrieve on gliders and jerkbaits. Fast action rods are the best choice when the fishing technique requires the sensitivity of feeling light biting fish or when fishing for large game fish in heavy cover and weeds where the key is to setting the hook fast with just a snap of the wrist moving the fish’s head up and away. Ideal for slip bobbers/floats live bait for walleye fishing because the fish is less likely to feel resistance from the soft tip and drop the bait. sensitive and flexible. which is vital for light biting fish.All you need to know about “FISHING” ROD MATERIALS: Fiberglass: Fiberglass rods have been popular since the 1950’s taking over the era of steel rods. Rods with high graphite modulus ratings tend to be brittle and need to have a secondary chemical added on the blank to increase the strain/strength rate. the higher the rating the better the rod. the cloth is measured to determine the amount and stiffness to weight of modulus fibers. in terms of performance and features fiberglass does lack the sensitivity of the newer rods today made from graphite and weighs more. in casting a moderate action rod it will bend for about half of it’s length which will provide more casting distance and still have the capability for a adequate hookset. Heavier fast action rods are used for Muskies & Pike in burning bucktails. Since some rod companies use the IM designation ratings to refer to their rod blanks that are not supplied by Hexcel. in other words how much the rod bends when you put pressure on the tip and how far the rod flexes. but is noted for it’s toughness and soft/moderate action. resin toughness with the amount of fiber. along with being strong and powerful to handle larger game fish. This is called a composite blank. The other term that rod companies use to identify a blank style is IM with a following number such as IM6 or 7 and currently up to 10. In marketing graphite rods a few common terms have been developed to associate the quality of the rod. Fiberglass is also a very good choice for children starting out in fishing where durability is an issue.

which will spring back even if they're bent flat unlike the stainless guide that will break. Depending of the rod power rating line guides are available in two different styles. and bass in weeds and cover will require a strong power rod using heavier line. The thickness and type of rod material will determine this. The rod’s power rating is closely related to the suggested line strength. keeping the line from touching the rod. Most of the new guides today are made of two parts: a metal frame (stainless) attached to the rod blank and some form of a insert (inner ring) using Ceramic. The overall purpose of the rod line guides manufactured today is to provide less friction along with reducing the line fray and wear in the guides during the cast. Darseet Garasia Page 11 . The newest line guide introduced is made from titanium wire. these are used for mainly ultra light to medium power rods. as they ensure distance on the cast. and heat definitely doesn’t help when it comes to fishing lines.All you need to know about “FISHING” where the slower action will not pull the lure out of the fish’s mouth. muskie. etc… some rod companies use a numerical system 1-10 with 1=Ultra Light-10= Extra Heavy. Composite cork is made by combining a mixture of cork particles and resin. pike. this allows the use of very light line. and transmits rod vibrations even when wet better than synthetic materials using EVA foam. Alconite. Another alternative is cork tape to achieve the look of cork. medium heavy. medium. while aluminum is stronger. The reel seat is where the reel is attached to the rod and constructed of graphite and aluminum or both. the higher amount of guides the better. Some reel seats offer a cutout that allows direct finger contact on the rod blank for greater sensitivity. The technology of rod guide designs has improved dramatically over the years from the old metal guides and the classic agate inserts of earlier rods. and when fighting a fish the energy/ stress on the rod is dispersed though out the entire rod blank. The total amount of line guides on a rod are a important feature as well. These rods are used for panfish especially for the paper thin mouths on crappies so the hook is not ripped clear on hooksets. Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish. these guides are lighter reducing the overall rod weight. single and double foot. Silicon Carbide or Hardloy. These are found on heavy to extra heavy power rods used for larger game fish. on open water where hard to see light line is used for walleyes and crappies use a lighter power rod. Single foot guides adds less weight on the rod and help retain sensitivity. The rod handle is also referred to as "grips" and are located below and above the reel seat. There are varying grades of cork based on the rod’s cost. the flex of the rod is considered the action. durable. The double foot line guides are used when sensitivity is not required but strength is as they are wrapped twice on the rod blank. ROD LINE GUIDES: These are the circular loops affixed to the rod and run the length of the rod blank. light. and are also popular for drift fishing spawn sac’s on trout and salmon streams. The concept is simple. Graphite is lighter and more sensitive. Some rods use line guides made of all stainless steel wire instead of inserts. the higher the rod price the better quality of cork used. Slow or Soft Action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. power ratings are usually described as heavy. Another factor to consider is the fishing presentation. this combination is more durable than using straight cork. Cork is the preferred choice on rod handles as it is lightweight. Quite often anglers get confused with rod power ratings and action. this offers a smooth surface for the line to pass over. As a example the power rating is listed on the rod. HANDLE / REEL SEATS: The combination of a quality rod handle and reel seat are as important as the rod blank itself. Less friction means longer casts and less heat. It is important to follow the line test guideline limits printed on the rod since a heavy power rod will snap light lines too easily and heavy lines can snap a light rod. POWER: A rod’s power describes how much a rod will flex under a load also referred as a rod’s "backbone". but they are not as smooth as rods using inserts.

melting and mixing of polymers which is formed into a strand through a die forming monofilament. Braided line is made by braiding or weaving man-made materials such as fibers of dacron. dyneema. diameter and abrasion resistance. breaking strength. fluorocarbon or copolymer fishing line. Using the proper line in presenting lures or live bait. uniform quality and thinner diameter) which increased the popularity with the fishing community. visibility. In choosing the best line for the type of fish being targeted one must consider many factors. The manufacturing of fishing lines vary from using a extrusion process. Wire line used on copper and stainless steel are also braided forming stranded lines Thermally fused lines are made of dyneema/spectra that is twined or clustered together to form a single line. upon hooking a fish and landing the fish is the key to a successful catch. Today monofilament is the most commonly used fishing line accounting most of the line sold today. as the line is the direct connection between the fisherman and the fish. and lead. this created a group of synthetic super polymers that are commonly used in textile manufacturing today. Yet many anglers are not aware about the new types of lines available today each with it’s own special use and qualities including stretch. Over the next two decades improvements where made (added flexibility. It Darseet Garasia Page 12 . made public in 1938 as a new invention. flexibility. dacron. polyethylene. the size and species of fish along with the type of fishing presentation and the most important matching the line to the tackle (rod-reel-lure-bait) used. Modern day fishing lines are made entirely from artificial materials including nylon. spectra. spectra. Understanding each of the line types and when to use them will increase one’s fishing success. No brand of line is perfect for all fishing conditions. wire. knot strength. Here is a breakdown of each fishing line by type: Monofilament: In 1935 nylon was discovered by DuPont. polyvinyl chloride. In 1939 DuPont began making nylon monofilament fishing line that was primitive by today’s standards (stiff and heavy) as braided line was considered still the popular choice by anglers. dyneema.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Line & Leaders Fishing line is by far the utmost important fishing equipment component for anglers.

extrusion or other heat processes thus the name fluorocarbon. so it resists deterioration by the sun and most chemicals found on fishing boats such as. conversely live bait fisherman like thin flexible translucent mono for a natural presentation. to create a polymer that can be formed by molding. a common element that is chemically bonded with carbon. Finally in buying monofilament line stay with the known recognized brands than the cheap off brands bulk spools. Fluorocarbon is a polymer consisting of fluorine. Ultimately. All monofilament have a memory. the light passes through the line not reflecting back. and willingly spend more money to do so. stiffness and abrasion resistant qualities. The Japanese fish under heavy pressured conditions and make every attempt to make their presentations as real and lifelike as possible. Walleye and bass anglers use colored mono line when fishing jigs and soft plastic’s to detect strikes by watching the line. docks. Non-absorbing. as the cheaper brands don’t receive the quality control. gasoline.All you need to know about “FISHING” offers the angler versatility.6. leaders are stiff and very expensive. if the line has developed a chalky type film it is time to be replaced. on clearer water clear or green is preferred. They pride themselves on their ability to do this. With all of the options monofilament offers there are some line maintenance to follow.42 the same as water. primarily in saltwater and fly fishing applications. When this occurs in casting it will come off the reel in loops or coils. Fluorocarbon: Fluorocarbon fishing leaders originated in Japan. It is inert. For casting lures around cover and rocky area’s abrasion resistant lower stretch clear line is recommended. However. Abrasion resistant against rocks. application of fishing line technologies has produced more flexible fluorocarbon at affordable prices. which means if the line is stored on a reel for a extended amount of time it will form to the shape around the reel spool. Monofilament is best used on shallower water presentations than deepwater fishing due to it’s high stretch and water absorption factors resulting in loose knots and lack of sensitivity. which will enable lures to dive deeper and faster than monofilament fishing lines. blue.S. green. Now. yellow. for the same reason the Japanese were using it – low visibility. proper additives and attention during the manufacturing process as the premium grade lines receive. It caught on when anglers reported catching more fish with it. It is also almost invisible underwater with a light refractive index of 1. as it is available in a selection of colors: red. A density of 1. it will not weaken or increase in stretch like monofilament fishing lines Darseet Garasia Page 13 . another common element. baitcasting and spincast reels. The other is the combination of sun or heat. because fluorocarbon does not absorb water. U. where the Japanese are extremely detailed about the presentation of their bait. It can be spooled on spinning. clear and fluorescent along with degrees of flexibility. battery acid or DEET (common ingredient found in insect repellents). anglers began using fluorocarbon leaders. storing your rod & reel outfit in a garage / shed over the hot summer months or leaving it outside exposed to the heat sun will deteriorate the line making it weak and brittle. on discolored water they favor fluorescent. logs etc. meaning it is heavier than water and sinks.

In the early 1990s fishing line companies began adding new man made fibers to their braiding process such as Dyneema. pliable but yet abrasion resistant and have little stretch. take in to account that super braids have small line diameters and the line filling amounts listed on the reel are based on monofilament diameters. Braided: During the industrial period from the early 1900’s modern machinery was developed to manufacture braided fishing lines. The outcome of this resulted in a material that has additional benefits than monofilament. and Spectra this created a new category of braided lines referred as " Super Braids . have a lower stretch factor.Multifilament" ( by combining multiple fibers together during the process of braiding) the new synthetic fibers are thread like thin. particularly when compared to wet mono making it much more sensitive The popularity of fluorocarbon line used by anglers today is evident by the features listed above. very strong. Braided lines are extremely strong. along with the high break strength it is the primary line used by fisherman targeting big fish such as Muskie. The common factor of all of the new super braids today is to provide the angler with the smallest diameter (ultrathin -microdiameter) with the highest break strength. Copolymer: In the mid 1980’s copolymer fishing line was introduced. Use the lb/yards amount listed on your reel as Darseet Garasia Page 14 . better casting and less backlashes. The benefits of the super braids are numerous. in casting artificial lures they dive deeper and faster with longer casts due to the thin diameter. Catfish and Saltwater anglers. (The lb test of mono should match the diameter of the super braid for uniformity and tying) Using a line backing conserves line usage as well as filling the spool. The process called copolymerization. abrasion resistant. is a combination of two or more nylon monomers to create a copolymer during the extrusion. Over the years new formulas have been added notably the addition of fluorocarbon which adds invisibility stealth factor to the line. Copolymer fishing line features are smaller line diameters. If you choose to spool your reel entirely with a super braid tie the line on the reel arbor. lead core trolling lines and for ice fishing tip up lines. first Rayon considered at that time a artificial silk. Over the wars years two new synthetic fibers were developed and employed as fishing line. The invention of braided fishing line was also instrumental in the development as a coated or wrapped component of specialty fishing lines such as fly lines. Pike. high tensile strength. In spooling super braids on reels you have two options to prevent line slipping. Fluorocarbon offer’s the best advantage in clear water situations where fish are heavily pressured or slow to bite in finesse situations. this was considered the first commercial fishing line made in quantity. Dacron braided line is still made today but with the advancements of monofilament along with the introduction of the new hybrid lines it has decreased in popularity by anglers and now primarily used for deep water trolling along with backing on fly reels. very abrasion resistant. It also has no memory so it won’t come off your reel in coils and it doesn’t weaken from direct sunlight. washed and hung up to dry in order to prevent dry rot. the other option is using monofilament as a line backing spooled on the reel arbor first and tied using a uni-knot to the super braid also applying tension upon spooling. low stretch and absorbs less water allowing greater sensitivity even when wet unlike monofilament. Silk was the common used material with many maintenance issues.All you need to know about “FISHING” Stretch resistance – fluorocarbon stretches slower and less than monofilament. after a day of fishing silk lines had to be unspooled off the reel. wrap a piece of electrical tape over the line and complete the spooling with tension applied. Stripers. then Dacron a polymer fiber know as polyester. with the low stretch it telegraphs strikes instantly to the rod tip for a immediate hook set. higher impact and greater shock resistance.

Here’s a few tips and pointers to extend the life of your fly line. Being that the leader and the tippet are two similar diameters a Double Surgeons knot is suitable. The inner core is made from a braid or monofilament line. Finally the fly lure is attached to the tippet using a Improved Clinch Knot. however. always test each knot by giving a good hard pull. for instance if a 50lb super braid has the diameter equivalent of 12lb mono and the line capacity on the reel is 175 yds/12lb with the filler spool at 150 yards you will need to add approximately 20 yards of mono backing. The outer coating is wrapped around the core in a thick water proof sheath. Fly Line: Today’s fly lines consist of two components the inner core and outer coating. stretch and stiffness. Darseet Garasia Page 15 . First the fly line backing (The fly reel instructions will provide the suggested amount of backing) which is usually composed of braided Dacron using 20-30lb test. Fused line are multiple layers of microfilament gel spun polyethylene fibers fused/twined together to produce a single strand of line. it slowly releases the lubricant. In order to spool a fly reel properly there are a set of steps to follow along with a knowledge of basic fishing knots. The next step is the main fly line this is connected to the backing using a Albright Knot. The end results are a high performance line. this will reduce the chance of knot failure. As you assemble the fly line set-up make sure you moisten all the knots when drawing them tight slowly. ultra thin. The final steps are attaching the leader (typically tapered) of monofilament or fluorocarbon using a nail knot which provides a clean and straight connection from the fly line. very sensitive with good abrasion resistance. Fused: With the popularity of the new super braids incorporating the many features that Dyneema and Spectra micro fibers achieve: ultra thin diameter. superior strength. The coating is slightly porous. two are the most popular Weight Forward and Double Tapered. As with all fishing lines the proper amount to fill a reel spool is within 1/8 of a inch from the top of the spool rim. Fly Line Maintenance: Fly lines do have a life span. Fly line tapers have four major categories: Weight Forward . even with all of the new fly line technology prevalent today. As most fly lines today are under a 100 yards this will ensure a adequate reserve in case of a run by large game fish as well as filling the spool to the proper capacity. Cleaning your fly line: All leading fly line manufacturers build a lubricant inside of the outer coating. Line performance. and next is the tippet the section of monofilament between your fly and leader. Imbedded in the outer core will determine the classification of floating or sinking line. the core determines the line strength. Of the four. Double Taper Shooting Taper and Level. depends on the condition of the coating. With out proper care and maintenance a fly line (dependent on use) will only last one season or less. Almost all fly lines are made in such a way so they have a taper that helps the casting process and presenting the fly lure for the angler. From casting the fly line will pick up suspended particulate in the water such as algae and dirt from stripping the line when your fishing from the shore. sinking line has impregnated density micro particles such as powdered tungsten to weigh the line for a controlled sink rate. this is secured to the reel spool by using a Arbor Knot. low stretch and high tensile strength. Floating line has encased micro bubbles allowing the line to float. Be sure to replace leaders and tippets as they show any wear or abrasion. often of PVC polyvinyl chloride. Since the line backing (Dacron) and the fly line (plastic) are different materials the Albright Knot will slide easily through the line guides.All you need to know about “FISHING” a guide for spooling the super braid. keeping the line slick and floating. Innovative fishing line companies realized this and introduced a new manufacturing process called fusion.

the line capacity is based on the species ( smaller for walleyes larger for salmon). Lead Core is constructed of two components. Trolling weighted (lead core) line is a technical presentation requiring a level of expertise and knowledge.All you need to know about “FISHING” This clogs the line pores preventing the lubricant from doing it's job as the line will not float as well or slide through the rod guides easily. Fortunately fly fishing tackle manufactures have adapted a universal numerical measurement scale to classify fly line weight to the specific rod and type of fly fishing. The amount of weighted trolling line spooled on your reel is totally dependent on the species of fish you are targeting by the depth required. Steelhead and Walleye anglers the ability to use light weight shallow running lures such as spoons. after the weighted line is spooled a monofilament/fluorocarbon leader is tied using a Uni-knot. the weight of line and the numerous different taper configurations. The fly line. Darseet Garasia Page 16 . avoid stepping on the stripped line and always check your reel for pinched line between the spool and the reel frame. Recently a new environmentally safe non lead line was introduced using a metal alloy wire in lieu of lead. The only reel type to be used for weighted trolling line is a conventional level wind trolling reel. Lead Core (Weighted Trolling Line) Lead Core line came on to the fishing scene during the 1970’s as weighted trolling line. it should revert back to perform perfectly. not the lure size determines the rated fly rod and reel set-up. This allowed Salmon. For instance if you intend to fish mainly for sunfish on ponds or small streams for trout a five or six weight line and rod would be the choice if you target pike and bass using larger fly lures or streamers you should consider a eight or nine weight rod. The approximate rule dependent on the lb test is every two yards of weighted line will sink one foot. Lake Trout.200 yard spools ranging from 12lb to 45 lb test ratings. Using the correct fly line matched to the rod is critical for proper fly casting. Weighted trolling lines are available in 100 . The scale ranges from 1-14 with 1 the lightest to 14 the heaviest.( Note: When tying backing or a leader to lead core remove the inner wire) This entire line set-up is referred as "segmented" which when properly used places the weighted line and lure at the feeding depth of fish. and any type chemicals or solvents. fuel or excessive heat. Floating or sinking. too light of line will inhibit the rod to load and will not be able to flex in the casting process causing short non controlled cast. as a example Great Lakes walleye anglers may use 30 yards of weighted line or three colors were as a salmon angler may spool the entire 200 yards or twenty colors. If your considering using this trolling technique your success would be best served if you research the fishery and species before purchasing the proper equipment. This can be remedied by cleaning your fly line with a clean damp cloth and some mild soap. by wiping down the amount of line you use on a cast. The most popular line backing used today is the super braids which is tied to the weighted line using a Albright knot. the inner wire made of soft pliable lead and the outer sheath of nylon braid which is color coated every ten yards for metering purposes referred as the term colors. Never cast without a leader. With this information any good fly fishing pro shop will be able to assist you in setting up your fly fishing outfit. In storing your fly line on your reel if it develops line memory and comes off in coils simply remove the line and slowly give it a stretch. Your best bet in the selection process of a fly rod outfit is first to research the fishing presentation and species you are fishing for most of the time and match the recommended set-up. balsa and plastic minnow lures to reach depths were the fish are present. if you use too heavy of line this will cause "overloading" causing the leader to turn over and bounce back to the angler. Fly Line Selections: For the beginning fly fishing angler there are a multitude line choices available today which can be confusing to say the least. In spooling the reel a line backing should always be used this also helps to fill the reel to the proper line amount. Always keep your fly line away from direct contact with insect repellants (Deet) suntan lotions.

Line Maintenance / Spooling your reel: Line replacement is highly important yet often neglected. go to a pro shop that specializes in wire line rods and reels. Fishing wire with the proper knowledge and set-up will add another dimension to your arsenal increasing your catch rate. The line backing on tip ups are waterproofed by either coating a braid using Teflon or plastic vinyl wrapped over a braid. Wire lines come in a variety of choices. We highly recommend if you're looking to use wire as a trolling outfit. frays or twists remove that section of line and retie. monofilament or fluorocarbon. Copper seven strand is utilized as a alternative to lead core where as the weight of copper is double than lead core this achieves the same depth of lead core with only half the amount of line. coated wire. Filling A Revolving-Spool Reel: Baitcasting and trolling reels are the easiest to spool up. in cable-laid wire. One of most popular wire line for freshwater fishing is the seven stranded six wrapped or braided around one. this is commonly overlooked as some angler's feel the existing line on the reel is sufficient. it also has very low line stretch thus telegraphing fish strikes as they happen. Stranded offers many versions made of stainless steel or copper. then attach various different types of leader materials. tournament anglers and pro guides replace line daily. if you feel any nicks. As a general rule fishing line should be at least respooled annually. in asking when the line was changed the response was similar "never" or "years ago". logs. upon a strike allowing a fish to run with the bait (free spool) until the angler set’s the hook. periodically check this by running your line between your fingers. Solid wire know as Monel is a metal nickel copper alloy which will go deeper than stranded based on the ultra thin line diameter and weight. 49 strand. other fisherman that spend a lot of time on the water replace line weekly or monthly. such as seven strand wire. three and seven strand wire some of these come with vinyl coatings used mainly as leader material. underneath the tip up the reel is submerged in the water. Depending on the amount of fishing you do will determine line changing frequency. Getting set-up with a wire line outfit requires all special equipment. solid and stranded. The purpose behind the waterproof backing is not to let the line to freeze on the reel. Tip-Up Line: (Backing) Tip Up’s are a fishing tool used for ice fishing. On the reel most ice fishing anglers use a line backing of 20lb to 40lb test to fill the spool. some are environmental such as exposed to sunlight and heat for a extended amount of time other's are physical. reels are trolling level wind with a metal or stainless steel spool to accommodate wire line. Also with the heavier lb test it is easier to handle in cold weather and are less prone to tangle on the ice. as fishing line becomes wet and dry over time it eventually breaks down and wears out. especially if you ask a friend to help you.All you need to know about “FISHING” Wire: Wire is another trolling line option especially if your fishing presentation requires to go very deep. In writing this we can attest to the numerous times trophy fish where lost due to line breakage. line scraping across rocks. rods require hardened line guides that wire won't cut along with a roller tip or all line guides using rollers. For practical purposes most line wear occurs in the first few feet from your lure or bait. wire line with the weight and the ultra low diameter cuts through the water easily getting deeper using less line. Just Darseet Garasia Page 17 . tip up’s are built from plastic or wood which lay on the ice. One of the most common problems in using wire starts with correctly spooling the backing and wire on the reel to the proper level. docks or other lake structure. Line degradation is caused by numerous different effects. The advantages of using wire line are numerous when compared to other conventional lines such as braided or monofilament. All fishing line needs to be replaced at one point.

Darseet Garasia Page 18 . 1)Insert a pencil into the supply spool to allow the fishing line to feed smoothly off the spool. Leaders are made of a variety of materials today such as: single strand wire. Spin-cast reels do not hold very much line. If this is a new reel or if you wish to completely place new line on the spool your reel use an arbor knot to tie your line onto the spool. Pull old line off reel through line guides until you have enough room on spool for new line. Don't overfill. Tie new line to end of old line with a blood knot or a uni-knot 4. Yes. they are that important. 1.All you need to know about “FISHING” remember to maintain a moderate. titanium. It is what connects you and your equipment to the lure and hopefully with some luck. where other applications may require you to tie it onto your mainline or attach or tie your own lure on. Reel line onto reel slowly. After about 12 turns allow some slack between the supply spool of line and your rod to be sure you are not getting line twist. Leaders are the segment of material attached between the fishing line and the lure or bait. Have someone hold each end of the pencil while you turn the reel handle. 2. Filling A Spinning Reel: Because the spool of a spinning reel does not rotate. If your leaving existing line always leave some line from spool through rod guides and past end of rod to tie new line to. so remove the reel cover partway every now and then to make sure you do not overfill the enclosed spool. 3. If the line is twisting flip the supply spool over. you should use this method to prevent putting a twist in the line. stainless steel wire. Lay spool of new line of floor so line comes off spool just like it goes on reel spool 5. Some are ready to tie onto your mainline and clip on a lure and start fishing. consistent tension on the line at all times (by gently pinching the line between your thumb and forefinger) to avoid loose wraps that might cause tangling later. You must use the right application for the right type of fishing you will be doing. 2) Fill the reel within 1/4-inch of the outer rim of the revolving spool. Hold line tight with hand not turning reel handle just above reel 6. your catch. seven strand wire. and fluorocarbon. and to keep proper tension on the line. hard monofilament. Leaders are often one of the most overlooked pieces of equipment that we use. Filling a Closed-Faced Spin-Cast Reel Fill a closed-faced spin-cast reel the same way you would a spinning reel. making sure it is spooled firmly 7. coated or uncoated. Your helper should maintain slight inward pressure on the supply spool to prevent it from overrunning. Leaders: Using a proper leader can be the difference between a successful fishing trip and one that ends up so to speak in the tank. except remember to thread the line through the hole in the front of the reel. Check this periodically because spinning reels automatically put twist in your line. They are also availible in various lengths and sizes as well.

Always be sure to consider what the weight limit or pound test is on the leader you may be using. consider the hardware that is on the leader. Take a look at the swivels. Your leader can be the strongest or the weakest link in your set up. take a few extra minutes to do an inspection of what you are purchasing. Some leaders are tied. Not to say using a light leader is wrong. This pretty much boils down to personal preferance. Same care to be given when choosing a proper snap.All you need to know about “FISHING” Obviously you dont want to use a large musky leader to go walleye fishing nor do you want to bring a small walleye or pike leader to use when you are after trophy musky. If there is too much to choose from and you simply cannot figure it out ask a store employee for a hand and they can help you make the right selection. some are crimped. Darseet Garasia Page 19 . and in time you will figure out what you are most comfortable using. some are both. So the next time you are ready to go fishing and need to run into your local sporting goods supply to just grab some leaders. The last thing you want is for it to come open on that trophy fish of a lifetime. Consider the size lure you will be using and make sure the snap doesnt open and close too easily. however just understand that you may have to be willing to accept the consequences. make sure they move freely and that they apear to be large enough or small enough to handle the task at hand. A rule of thumb to go by is to always remember the lighter leader you use the higher your risk of being bit off or having leader failure can be. Most tackle shops will carry a variety of leaders to choose from. It might make the difference between a smiling photo or going home disapointed. Once you determine what pound test you are going to go with. so you must give just as important care in choosing the correct leader for the job at hand as you would determining which lure to use.

By leaving a little tag is good insurance that your knot is tied correctly. Over time all knots start to weaken in some degree. Listed below are good choices to learn and a few tips:  Always moisten the knot before snugging it up.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Knots Your fishing line is only as strong as the knot used to tie it. Always retie your knot before a new trip and check your knot frequently when fishing. This reduces the heat from friction that causes slight abrasions when you pull it tight. Better to know your knot is tied correctly than losing a big fish.    Arbor Knot Improved Clinch Knot Spider Hitch Palomar Knot Dropper Loop Knot Albright Knot Float Stop Knot Surgeon's Knot Uni-to-Uni Knot Snell Knot Nail Knot Trilene Knot Blood Knot Darseet Garasia Page 20 . bait as well as a fish. Always leave a little extra line before clipping the tag end after completing your knot some knots slip slightly. all knots will weaken with use. hook or leader. When tying a knot give it a smooth strong pull to complete it on your lure. Don’t be timid about testing it with a couple good pulls. The ability to tie a correct knot will save you from losing lures.

Finally. 3.All you need to know about “FISHING” Arbor Knot What it does: Its primary use is to attach fishing line to the arbor/spool of a fishing reel. it's much less likely to break when you've got a bigger fish on the line. the overhand knot in the tag end jams against the overhand knot tied around the running line Improved Clinch Knot What It Does: Ties a medium. swivel. 3. An arbor knot is tied by first passing the line around the reel arbor. Pass the line through the eye of hook. Hold the tag end and standing line while coils are pulled up. then through the big loop. Holding the coils in place. making sure the coils do not overlap each other. there's no reason to tie a regular clinch knot on anything but the lightest line. Why It's Useful: Compared to a regular clinch knot. When tightened. swivel or lure. Slide tight against the eye and clip the end. In fact. thread end of line through the first loop above the eye. or hook. Darseet Garasia Page 21 . given that it only takes a few seconds more to tie an Improved Clinch knot. 2.to heavy-weight line to a lure. 2. The tag end is then tied in an overhand knot around the running line. How to Tie It: 1. an overhand knot is tied in the tag end. Double back and wrap the end 5 times around the standing line. Why is it useful: It secures the fishing line on your reel arbor/spool How to tie it: 1.

holding it between your thumb and forefinger. The one downside is that the knot could cut the line if not tightened perfectly. How To Tie It: 1. Then pull on both ends to tighten knot. Pass the end through the loop. Pull the loop slowly and steadily so thewound sectionslides naturally off the thumb. taking care not to let go. Again. Wrap the doubled end 5 times around your thumb and the loop. the knot must be perfectly tightened (no overlapping coils!) or it will cut itself. then form a loop. Darseet Garasia Page 22 . 3. Why It's Useful: Almost as strong (retaining over 80% of line strength) and much faster & easier than a Bimini Twist.All you need to know about “FISHING” Spider Hitch What It Does: Doubles a line for added strength. 4. Double the line. 2.

Darseet Garasia Page 23 . 4. Without closing the loop. with 6" to 8" of overlap. Align the line and leader end-to-end. and pull the entire leader through the loop. How to Tie It: 1. 2. Why it's Useful: Strong. relatively simple to tie. as if they were a single piece of line. wrap both the tag end of line and leader around the loop again.All you need to know about “FISHING” Surgeon's Knot What It Does: Securely ties together a line and a leader of very different diameters. 3. parallel to each other. and less likely than most knots to damage the thinner of the two lines. Clip closely to avoid getting caught in guides. Pull both lines and both endstogether until theknot becomes tight. Tie both lines in an overhand knot.

the Palomar is also fairly easy to tie. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook. tighten the knot. 4. Allow the hook to dangle. Why It's Useful: Among the strongest knots for its purpose.All you need to know about “FISHING” Palomar Knot What It Does: Attaches a hook or other terminal tackle to your line. swivel or lure. being careful NOT to twist the lines or tighten the knot. Clip off the tag end. Darseet Garasia Page 24 . and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. 5.Pulling at both ends of the line. How to Tie It: 1. 2 & 3. Double four inches of line into a loop and pass it through the eye of your hook.

2. Why It's Useful: Used to attach a second leader.without letting the twists unravel .pull the loopthrough the hole between the two sets of twists. How to Tie It: 1.While holding the dropper loop in place (do not pull on the loop . 4. lure. or fly to a line. Make a circular loop in the line. Darseet Garasia Page 25 . 3.All you need to know about “FISHING” Dropper Loop Knot What It Does: Creates a loop in a line while maintaining most of the line's strength. Wrap one end through the loop.just be sure it doesn't come out) pull on both ends of the line to bring the wraps together. Where each end meets the loop. make3 to 5 twists as shown then .

pinch thethinner linebetween your left thumb and forefinger (without letting go of the loop). 2. 3. How to Tie It: 1. fly. Pull the standingend of the lighter line to remove the loop you were holding between your leftthumb and index finger. Pull gently on both ends of the heavier. Runabout 10 inches of thethinner line through theloop.All you need to know about “FISHING” 5. Start by doubling back a couple of inches ofthe heavierline and hold the loop with your left thumb and forefinger. Why It's Useful: Creates a much smaller and smoother connection than a Surgeon's Knot without sacrificing strenght. Albright Knot What It Does: Joins two lines (line & leader) of vastly different diameters. and use your right hand to wrap the tag end of thelighter line back over both strands of the heavier line as well as the lighter line itself. 5.loopedline with your left hand. Clip off the tag end of the fly line and the backing. it's also considerably more difficult to tie.Push the tag end of thelighter linethrough the loop on the opposite side from where it originally ran it through the loop. Moisten the knot.While holding the loop. wrapping it fairly tightly 8 to 12 times. so both strands of the lighter lineexit on the same side of the loop. then pull as tight as possible onboth strands of the heavy line with your left hand and both strands of the light line with your right hand. while sliding the knot back towards the loop with your right (but not all the way off). 4.The Albright is far less likely to get caught in guides than a Surgeon's Knot. Start next to your fingers and working toward the loop. You now have a loop to which you may attach a bait. Pull both ends of the lighter line. That said. or leader using another kind of knot. Darseet Garasia Page 26 . 6.

Wrap the line to be knotted 2 or 3 times around the line with the float.Take either end of the line being knotted and wrap them twice around each other. or else a braided line to a monofilament leader. to joining linesof vastly differenttest strength (up to 10x different in some cases). Uni-to-Uni Knot What it does: Ties two lines together. Why it's Useful: Prevents a float from running up a line . 3.Uni-knots also provide an unbeatable100 % knot strength in most cases.Pull ends to tighten. as if you're tying a Suregon's Knot. just be aware that a braided line could potentially cut the leader. of the same diameter as the line the float is on. the Uni-knot and variants like the Uni-to-Uni knot can be used for everything from tying hooks to light line.essential for controlling your presentation when float fishing. How to Tie It: 1. Use about 5 inches of nylon. Why it's useful: Highly versatile.All you need to know about “FISHING” Float Stop Knot What it Does: Creates a barrier to stop a float from sliding past a certain point on a line.If usingsoft monofilament. 2. Darseet Garasia Page 27 . This can beprevented (or at least slowed down) by using a loop for your free end on the braided line and otherwise tying the knot as described below.

With one end. passing through the large loop on the finalpass. Darseet Garasia Page 28 . then trim if necessary. 2. Pull both ends to get the knots tighter. Pull the end to tighten the knot. 4. 5.All you need to know about “FISHING” How to Tie It: 1. 3. Overlap the two linesby roughly 6". form aloop and pinch it between your thumb and forefinger. Repeatsteps1-3 withthe end of the other line.Wrap the end six times aroundboth lines. withaninch or two sticking out past your fingers.

then wrap the leader 5 more times around the line. make a large loop.Pinch the hook and leader endtogether between your leftthumb and index finger right where it exits the eye. a particularly thin ballpoint pen). Nail Knot What it does: Used to attach leader butt to fly line or to attach backing to fly line Why it's useful: The most popular knot for attaching leaders and leader but to fly line. then hold the loop down so that enough is sticking out to wrap several times around the leader and hook shank. then grip the short end with pliers and completely tighten the knot. Just note that you can only use the Snell knot with a leader. you will need a tube of comparably narrow diameter to tie it (e. How to Tie It: 1. Pass one end of the leader throungh the eye of the hook so that it sticks outone or two inches past the eye. Wrap the end tightly around the leader and hook shank7 or 8times. Grasping the end near the barb and the end on the other side of the eyelet. Though it doesn't necessarily require a nail. Take the heavier end of your leader in yourright hand and form a 2" loop around the nail and fly line. The nail knot is moderately complex. Pinch the loop down with your left hand. leader.g. slowly pull the leader until it is almost tight. reliable. On the final wrap. 2.. Trim the end hanging towards the barb. and nail.All you need to know about “FISHING” Snell Knot What it does: Connects a leader to a baited hook. 3. Why it's useful: Strong. but few other knots give you this smooth a connection. How to Tie It: 1. towards the barb.Hold the nail/tube and the end of the fly line between the left thumb and forefinger ofyour lefthand (with roughly 2"of the fly line and the tube sticking out). Do it Darseet Garasia Page 29 . the nail knot has a very smooth. low profile that allows it to slide easily through guides. towards the barb. Slide the loops up against the eye. pass the end back through the looped leader. and simple to tie. and not recommended for big fish as it relies on the fly line's coating for strength. so that it points towards the barb.

Pull gently on the tag end and the standing line to tighten. Why it's useful: Easy to tie and very strong.Grab all the loops with your left hand. then carefully slide the end of the leader back into the opening.Holding the hook or lure in your left hand. Finally. 3. so that the loops butt up against each other. then double back through the eye a second time. 2. How to tie it: 1. 2. Moisten. hooks and lures. Trim the ends. running alongside the nail. and be sure to leave 1/2 to 3/4" of the end sticking out. and the standing line in your right hand. Trilene Knot What it does: The Trilene Knot can be used to join line to swivels. Darseet Garasia Page 30 . Thread the line through the eye of the hook or lure. the Trilene Knot resists slippage better than most simple knots.All you need to know about “FISHING” tightly.wrap the tag end around the standing line 6 times. Then carefully remove the nail. moistening it with water while you do so to lubricate the line (allowingthe loopsto slide together more easily). then pass the end through the loopcreated where you doubled back in step 1. snaps. and you're done. Pull gently on both ends of the leader (don't pull the fly line!) to partially tighten the knot. 3. and you're done. then fully tighten the knot by pulling on the leader until it "bites" into the fly line. check the wraps to be sure they're smooth. "seat" the knot with one hard pull on the fly line. Trim tag end to 1/8 inch.

Cross over the ends of the lines by 6-8 inches and twist one of the lines 5 times (or more) around the other. a blood knot can run smoothly through rod line guides. How to tie it: 1. be advised that a blood knot will reduce overall line strength by around 40%. Bring the end back through the opening between the two lines. Trim the ends. Why it�s useful: An easy knot with a relatively low profile. whereas other comparably strong knots might get stuck.All you need to know about “FISHING” Blood Knot What it does: The blood knot is used for joining two lines of similar thicknesses. then pull. 3. 2. However. then repeat with steps 1 and 2 with the other end of the same line. 4. Make sure the ends are pointing in opposite directions after you pass them through the opening. Darseet Garasia Page 31 . and there you have it� a blood knot.

Bobbers & Basic Rigging With all of the advancements made today in the fishing world with “new lifelike fancy expensive lures that flash and swim on their own” sometimes just a plain ol' hook. When necessary touch up the hook point by using a hook file or sharpening stone. That way you can find the appropriate hook. weight and bobber with a hunk of worm. bobber for most fishing situations. The best application is to select the lightest possible terminal tackle suitable for the condition and the species of fish. heavier than needed weight with a oversized bobber presenting a unnatural look. using too large of a hook. How they are used and properly rigged for a successful set-up. One of the biggest mistakes made by the novice angler is over rigging. Fishing Hooks As a rule.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing with Hooks. Even high quality hooks will dull over time and use by hitting rocks and debris in the water. and then take a couple of quick strokes to each side of the hook Don’t be misled that new hooks out of the box are always sharp especially the cheap hooks that are made of soft poor quality steel. The classification system ranges from 1 largest to 32 smallest. Many quality hook manufactures offer a line of hooks that are made of higher grade steel and then dipped in a chemical bath which gives the hook a super sharp hook point. To make it more Darseet Garasia Page 32 . Another option is to use chemically sharpened hooks. Sinkers. weight. Always test your hook for sharpness. minnow or leech will catch more fish. Small hooks also penetrate quicker than larger hooks upon the fish strike. use the smallest hook possible. Bobbers (Floats) and Swivels. Small hooks allows the live-bait presentation to look natural. generally when a single number is used such as size 12 verses a size 8 the higher the number the smaller the hook. Hook Sizes When it comes to hook sizes it tends to be little confusing. These hooks can be expensive compared to conventional hooks. Weights. simply draw the hook sharpener against the point of your hook a few times (parallel to the shank) on the bottom. There is no standard when it comes to classifying a hook size. Sharp hook points will catch more fish than dull hooks. reduces the ability to detect fish strikes in their fishing presentation. a sharp hook will leave a light scratch and digs in to your nail. Carry your Terminal Tackle Get organized with a rig box with small compartments. In this section we will review Terminal Tackle: Hooks. The bottom line is always use a sharp hook. To test your hook simply draw the hook point across your fingernail. but the advantage is a super sharp hook right out of the package. A dull hook will skate across your nail with out digging in.

the sharp end that penetrates the fish's mouth or flesh. such as night crawlers leeches and red worms. the eye .that portion of the hook that connects the point and the eye. perfect for Panfish. Bait Holder The bait holder hook is one of the most popular live bait hook styles today. the bend and shank .aught) compared to a 1/0 the sizing system is reversed so the higher the number the larger the hook. Crappie and light biting Walleyes under a slip bobber or attached bobber rig. The light wire limits excessive puncturing on minnows which helps them live longer on the hook. that secures the fish from unhooking.the end of the hook that is connected to the fishing line or lure. Popular Common Hook Types: Aberdeen Light wire long shank hook. for example 5/0 ( pronounced five . Darseet Garasia Page 33 . the additional barbs on the shank holds the bait more effectively. and the gap . 1/0 is the smallest up to the largest hook at 19/0 The Anatomy of a Fish Hook The parts fish hook are referred as: It’s point.All you need to know about “FISHING” confusing hooks that are sized using a fraction type. the barb .the distance between the shank and the point.the projection extending backwards from the point. the long shank allows the angler easy removal of the hook from panfish that tends to swallow the bait.

minnows for Bass. They are available in a assortment of painted or metallic colors. Egg Commonly called salmon egg hook. the inward bend of the hook point allows the hook to slide along the inside of the fish’s throat until it reaches the mouth. A sharp pulling hook set is not required. The Octopus is ideal for rigging cut bait for Catfish or Salmon. Darseet Garasia Page 34 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Circle Circle hooks are a excellent choice for live bait catch and release anglers. Very popular hook for Catfish. Sturgeon and Muskies anglers. spawn sacs. worms and grubs for Salmon and Trout. Rotating A special compound curve on the offset/rotating hook automatically turns when a fish bites on the bait. The lip hook rate using a circle hook is about 95% it also reduces the mortality rate of fish to be released to fight another day. Pike and Walleyes and are good choice for building crawler harnesses. Octopus The extra gap and rounded shape of Octopus hooks are very popular and used for most species of fish. so the hook rides upward along with the placement of a barb on the shank which holds the bait. The salmon egg hook is used primarily for drift fishing along current by using natural or imitation salmon eggs. designed with a turned up eye and offset bend. just maintain tension and the fish will hook itself in the corner of the mouth as the fish moves away. Upon a fish swallowing your bait.

Used on Texas and Carolina Rigs. holds bait better and hooks fish better. The treble is mainly used on artificial lures and spoons attached by using a split ring. Treble Treble hooks are a single eye of three hooks fused together with three shanks evenly spaced. rocks and lily pads. turn the hook straight and insert the hook point into the body. This allows the hook to be fished in weeds logs. The front bend on a worm hook is used to lock lures such as worms and lizards from moving down the shank by simply inserting the hook point into the head of the lure down about a 1/4 inch. Weedless The weedless hook has a light wire wrapped on the shank formed in a loop that covers the point of the hook. and pull the shaft of the hook through until the eye is at the head. trees.All you need to know about “FISHING” The sweeping rotational curve places the point in position for penetration from any angle. The offset/ rotating hook twists. stumps. Offset/Worm Worm hooks are used for fishing soft plastic's lures. Darseet Garasia Page 35 . Bring the hook point out of the lure. Treble hooks today comes in a assortment of colors as well as feathers tied on as a trailer/teaser hook on lures. Upon a fish striking the bait the wire compresses exposing the hook point. adjust the eye so it is just inside the lure.

thumb bar line release medium line capacity.3/16 . jerk pause motion.3/4 -1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 Small Soft Plastic's 3/0 . Tie on the hook using a Palmor or a Improved Clinch Knot Optional: Plastic or Glass Bead between the weight and hook. When casting or flipping try to let the rig enter the water with as little noise as possible and keep some controlled slack in the line.5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Soft Plastic Lures Worms /Lizards/Grubs/Crawfish How to Rig Thread the Bullet Sinker on the line making sure the nose of the sinker faces the rod tip. Darseet Garasia Page 36 . Line: 10 lb to 14 lb testlow stretch monofilament.7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting. Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio. let the rig rest on the bottom and then begin to retrieve in a very slow.1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 .1/2. Insert the hook about 3/8" through the nose of the soft plastic bait. pushing hook completely through. logs) as possible. or use a screw in bullet weight. Always keep little tension on the line because learning this technique is a lot about learning to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish. To make the weight stationary peg the bullet with a piece of toothpick. No bass fishing arsenal is complete without knowledge and how to fish the Texas rig. If you don�t get a bite. Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 . watch your line as well as many fish will strike the rig on the fall. In setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait. What you need for a Texas Rig Assortment of Bullet Sinkers (Lead Brass or Steel) 1/8 . Considered a finesse technique not a search bait such as inline spinner crank bait or spinner bait. The Texas rig is adaptable to all kinds of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush. The presentation is placement as close to cover (weeds.4/0 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Texas Rig The Texas rig is adaptable to all types of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush.

Fishing with the split shot rig is considered a finesse technique by adding a split shot sinker in front of your live bait offering. The two types of sinkers are: attached on the line by pinching. It is a good idea to push the hook through a couple of times to make a small hole or channel in the plastic. twisted on using rubber insert or tied directly to your line (Bottom Bouncers / Bead Chain Sinkers). This makes it weedless. The nice thing is. you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. Insert the point of the hook into the body of the bait. Carolina and the sliding sinker rig that are primarily fished on the bottom. just pinch it on and off.All you need to know about “FISHING” Embed the offset portion on the upper shank of the hook into the nose of the soft plastic. Used for live bait and lures. just pinch it on and off. The same principle applies in using sinkers for your set-up use the lightest possible sinker in order to detect fish strikes. Unlike the other rigs mentioned Texas. using line 4-8lb test on a light to medium light spinning rod and reel set-up. Popular Common Sinkers / Weights Types: Split Shot Pinches easily onto your line where you want to set depth at. until it reaches the bottom thus requiring patience to fish it correctly. Split Shot Rig This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. Removes just as easy by pinching the other end. you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. Darseet Garasia Page 37 . This will help insure a good hook set. This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. the split shot rig gently moves downward after a cast. Fishing Weights (Sinkers) Fishing weights (sinkers) are made from two basic materials lead and steel. The nice thing is. The other is sliding: which allows the fishing line to slide or pass through the weight from a hole or a eyelet. this locks the soft plastic lure on the hook Insert the point of the hook back into the soft plastic making sure the bait hangs straight.

then add one or two split shot sinkers starting about 1 foot above the lure. As a finesse technique this will require the angler to keep alert while using this rig. But by placing it closer to the bait like within a 12" or less the bait will react more like a jig. This finesse technique is used for shallow water or clear water fish that have been seeing a lot of action. If the slack in the line tightens or you feel a slight tick you have a bite. Add split shot Darseet Garasia Page 38 . Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. To add depth to your lure for trolling add a split shot or for increased depth add a rubber core sinker. it is also surprisingly good in light timber using a weedless hook and a light split shot where the weight isn�t heavy enough to pull it down into the branches. The closer the weight is to the bait the more precise your casting will be. The split-shot rig is also effective around floating boat docks. giving a pronounced action. steep breaklines sloping banks and bluffs where fish suspend. The placement of the split shot is more versatile and adjustable than most anglers think. Conversely by placing the split shot 3 feet or more up the line will minimize the action of the live bait. How to Rig Tie a hook on the line using a Improved Clinch Knot. Tie on your lure of choice. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers. The general consensus is position the split shot 18 inches above the hook. Tackle Suggestions Rod: 6-6 to 7-0 foot-Light to Medium Light/ Medium Action Spinning Reel: Light Spinning balanced with the rod Line" 4-8 lb test monofilament What you need for a split shot rig Weight/Sinkers All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. where fish often hang under. make a easy sweep upward to set the hook and keep the pressure on the fish.All you need to know about “FISHING” There is no wrong way to fish this rig. Avoid keeping the line too tight this will take away the natural presentation of the bait. watch the line after the cast for any subtle changes or sideway movement a twitch means you have a bite. upon engaging the reel beginning the retrieve keep the bait moving on a semi-tight line leaving a little slack. Different size shot change the lure's sink rate and you can vary retrieve speeds to produce an enticing "up and down" action. it is excellent for open water covering vertical structure. Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Tip Add a split shot in front of a floating crankbait or a rigged soft plastic bait. Rigging minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #4-#6-#8. which gives the bait adequate freedom of movement.

The key here is to have enough weight attached to let the rig to bounce along the current.. by applying pressure pulls the split shot off the dropper saving the hook and swivel. Suggested Tackle: The basic rod and reel set-up for fishing the stream rig is light for the sensitivity. soft action spinning rods with 4-8lb test line for drift fishing. twitch or pulling sensation can be a fish. but requires a very light touch and feel to detect what is the bottom and what is a fish. this is where the angler must pay close attention to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish. Fishing the stream rig takes some finesse and can be difficult for the new angler to pick-up.. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water. At this point the rig is moving slower than the dead drift portion of the drift and more fish are apt to see and strike the bait quartering than coming straight at them. As the split shots on the rig and bait ticks along the bottom. If you're unsure . The rig is cast upstream in the current and allowed to sink to the bottom. many anglers prefer longer light. What you need for a stream rig Weight/Sinkers An assortment of split shots sizes 3/0-7-5 for light current 2-3-4 for faster current. Any bump. Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish in the current this allows the use of light line. 8� to 10 foot drift rods are common. you'll develop a 'sense' of what is bottom and what is a fish.All you need to know about “FISHING” Stream Rig The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water. set the hook. slowly towards the angler as it moves downstream. The basic presentation of the rig is relatively simple. salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations. This allow the angler not to lose the entire rig if hung up. The stream rig is very similar to the three way rig with the exception of the sinker dropper line which uses a series of split shots instead of a casting (bell) sinker. but most bites occur at the bottom end of the drift when it is quartering (The swing) back through the current towards the angler. Some fish are caught in this portion of the drift where the rig is bouncing. The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. After a while. The long soft action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round Darseet Garasia Page 39 . salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations.

Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers and cut bait. Used when heavier weight is required. Three way swivel The three way swivel used should be of good quality and as small as possible size 8-6 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel. Popular hooks for walleye. steelhead and salmon are octopus and egg styles size #6-#8 for salmon eggs.All you need to know about “FISHING” case for a selection of sizes and weight or the individual packs . Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. spawn sac�s and small minnows. one at 6 to 10 inches and the other at 24 to 30 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel. Darseet Garasia Page 40 . Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/30") and the split shots to the other at (6/10") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot. Add/tie the drop lines. Rubber Core Attach to line thorugh the slot in the sinker and twisting the inner rubber core around line to secure it. Add the appropriate amount of split shots to the sinker dropper line.

It is especially good for suspended fish that requires vertical placement of the bait in front of active fish. round or rectangular of lead or tungsten and come with a tie on clip on the top. Drop Shot Rig The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community. when the line goes slack reel up until the line is tight with the weight on the bottom. The most Darseet Garasia Page 41 . you just want your bait to wiggle. a side way movement or just pressure on the line. The weights range from 1/8 to1/2 oz. Set the hook using a upward sweeping motion. cast or drop the rig straight down over the side of the boat. round or rectangular of lead or tungstenthat come with a tie on clip on the top.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drop Shot Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights. walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. now shake the rod gently. A bite can be a subtle tug. The weights range from 1/8oz to 1/2oz. Suggested Tackle : As a finesse rig the drop shot is best fished on light line and spinning outfits. The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community. walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. Fishing the drop shot is simple. Rod: Light fast action 6'-6" to 7' foot Reels: Light Spinning balanced to the rod Line: 6-8 lb monofilament What you need for a Drop Shot Rig Weight/Sinkers Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights. The drop shot is a way of tying your hook up the line and putting the lead on the bottom.

Live bait minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #6-#8. Bottom bouncers are weighted L-shaped piece of heavy wire using live bait. or open basins. The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks. and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. Be sure the hook rides horizontally from the line.All you need to know about “FISHING” common weights used are 3/16 . This is all attached to your rod. over mud/sand flats. Leaving one end connected to the rod and the other tag end to tie on the drop shot weight using a Improved Clinch Knot . In rigging small soft plastic�s if you're fishing open water run the hook thru it�s nose with the hook exposed. but any small hooks will work. make a loop at that length and pass the line through the hook eye from the point side. The Palomar Knot . A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. As a reference you should print out a copy of our knot instructions as a guide. Bottom Bouncer The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks. over mud/sand flats. or open basins. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook Pulling at both ends of the line. For rigging small soft plastic�s use a 1/0 or 2/0 offset worm hook. Hooks There are many specialized drop shot hooks on the market. leeches through its sucker. tighten the knot. Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Lures/Live bait Bait versatility is advantage of the drop shot rig. being careful not to twist the lines or tighten the knot. logs. Using a bottom bouncer is a search technique by covering a lot of water efficiently (trolling or drifting) in seeking active feeding fish especially walleyes that tend to related to bottom Darseet Garasia Page 42 . The bottom bouncer can be as light a1/2 oz up 3 ounces. A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. We recommend first time users to practice tying this rig at home before heading out on the water. crawler harness or floating spinner rigs attached to the non weighted arm via a snap swivel.3/8 oz. by tying the line to the eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer. Just Click Here . Allow the hook to dangle. To tie a drop shot rig determine how far off the bottom you want your bait to be 18 to 36 inches. if there is cover in the area you can rig it Texas style making it weedless (See Texas Rig above) Live Bait hook the minnow through it�s mouth. Another alternative is a casting sinker a bell shaped sinker with a tie on swivel molded on the top. How to Rig The drop shot rig is a easy rig to tie as long as you become comfortable with the knot used for the hook. logs.

Reels: Medium-capacity baitcasting reel. nickel. the key to a proper presentation is using the correct weight. The Indiana spins tighter to the rig than the Colorado Darseet Garasia Page 43 . Typically the blade sizes and types on pre rigged worm harnesses and minnow rigs are Indiana and Colorado blades sizes #3-#4-#5. these all attach to the bottom bouncer snap from a pre tied loop on the end of the leader. Suggested Tackle: Rods 6�-6" to 7"-0" Medium-Power Medium action casting rod with a long handle for rod holder placement. You do not want the line to be vertical. use hot orange. Weight selection depends on a combination of depth and speed. or neutral colors for conditions in between. bladed worm harnesses and minnow rigs sold in shops that vary in leader lengths from 12 to 30 inches. (use shallow to mid range running lures) or light weight trolling (flutter) spoons are also popular. The weight is located on the bottom tip of the lower arm than in the middle on a bottom bouncer. or non-fluorescent colors for clear water.to 3-ounces for 30. Line: 10-14 pound test low stretch monofilament. by having the 45 angle provides enough distance for the bouncer to work correctly and gives it enough distance from the boat not to spook the fish.All you need to know about “FISHING” structure. 2 1/2.to 2-ounces for 15 to 20 feet. What you need for a bottom bouncer Weight Sizes Most all fishing shops and large discount stores sells bottom bouncers. For live bait there are prerigged: live bait snells. floating snells. and copper. rounded and has a concave flat top which makes the bait walker feel like a keel sinker providing little resistance as it rides across the bottom. the angler casts or releases the line allowing the rig to sink to the bottom. gold. twitch or pressure on the line) lean the rod tip forward slightly and use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish in setting the hook this helps eliminating any slack line ensuring a good hookset. Hooks/Rigs/Lures With the hundreds of rigging options that the bottom bouncer offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter. The weight design is tapered. Bait Walker The Bait Walker is a trade name for a similar rig only smaller in overall size. Recommended Bottom Bouncer Weights: 1/2. this guarantees frequent bottom contact. yellow.to 40-foot depths. Another feature is the selection of weight options 1/4 oz up to 10 ounces allowing the angler the versatility to use the lightest presentation. Colors/Blades The same basic fish attracting principles applies when it comes to color selection on blades or lures. Artificial lures are all so used with good success. silver. 1 1/2. Fishing a bottom bouncer.to 1-ounce for under 15 feet. When you feel a bite ( a subtle tap. small floating crank baits and flutter spoons for walleye and bass down to reaching the depths for lake trout. floating crank baits. or chartreuse for darker water. control and feel. excellent for trolling in preventing line twist. engage the reel to tighten line as close to a 45 degree angle from the boat.

You would be best served before heading out to do a little research with the local sport shop or local fishing guides in finding out the correct bait rigging set-up for the waters you�re fishing. greater thump and more vibration. Attach the appropriate rig to the top arm snap swivel. night crawler or leech). As you can see. artificial lures.straight or jointed crankbaits. fishing a bottom bouncer presents numerous bait rigging questions: Type of live bait (minnow. and length of leader.All you need to know about “FISHING” producing less of a thump. spoons . conversely a broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the rig producing a lift. colors. How to Rig Tie the bottom bouncer on the center eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer using a Improved Clinch Knot. Bead Chain / Trolling Great for trolling lighter lures with out having to use lead core line or downriggers Darseet Garasia Page 44 . rig blade color and type.

Bullet As the name implies it is shaped like a Bullet used on Texas rigs in front of the worm. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. A bite on a Carolina rig can be a subtle tap. Fishing with a Carolina rig you can see why they are so effective as the rig is drawn across the bottom the soft plastic bait will move side to side upward and downward bumping weeds and bouncing off rocks. with it’s pointed nose it slides easily through the weeds or wood with out getting snagged. Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. Carolina Rig The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass. Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 1/2. its only limitation is certain types of cover that you are trying to move it through. lizards or on Carolina rigs. Cast and retrieve slow is the key for a successful presentation. The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass. The Carolina rig is basically a modified Texas rig with a few additions and similar to a sliding sinker bottom rig used for walleyes. It is a successful method of soft plastic bait presentation in all depths of water.All you need to know about “FISHING” Bank Similar to the walking sinker but comes in heavier weights 1oz-6oz Squared edge design helps you keep your bait where you want it. twitch or pressure on the line in setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait. Areas were the bottom is made up of rocks and boulders that are very close together is another area where the rig is sure to get caught up. For example areas of extreme weeds or brush don�t lend themselves to the usage of a Carolina rig. Darseet Garasia Page 45 .7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting.

What you need for a Carolina Rig Assortment of Sinkers Types Bullet or Egg (Lead. thumb bar line release medium line capacity. this adds sound that attracts bass and acts as a insulator protecting the knot from the banging of the weight.3/16 . 18" to 36" is the most common. Brass or Steel) 1/8 . Sizes 5-6-7 Are large enough to stop the sliding weight.All you need to know about “FISHING” Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio. Tie your hook on to the leader on the other end tie on your swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knotfor both. Tie on the leader to the other side of the swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knot . the top loop makes it easy to tie on or let the weight slide up and down the line.3/4 . Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 . if your using a bullet weight be sure the point is facing the rod tip. Then slip on a glass bead.5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Lures Just about any type of soft plastic baits How to Rig Determine the leader length.1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible. Casting All around general sinker used on many rigs. Darseet Garasia Page 46 . Slip on the sinker on your main line. The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist. the general rule is 18 inches of leader per 10 feet of water.1/2 . Line: 10lb to 14 lb low stretch monofilament. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz.Small Soft Plastic's 3/0-4/0 . In rigging your soft plastic�s on the hook use the same procedure as the Texas Rig above.1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 .

its time to set the hook using the upward sweeping motion of the rod. simply drop the rod tip towards the rig allowing it to collapse the rig back to the fish. Suggested Tackle: Rod/Reel/Line Set-ups: White Bass/Stripers & Walleye 6�-6" to 7�0" Medium/Fast Action Spinning Rod and Reel with 10lb monofilament test line. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig. engage your reel keeping your finger on the line. as the slack of the line tightens. As the sinker bounces along the bottom the crank bait will ride about 20 inches above. For rivers with extreme current. Unlike the sliding sinker bottom rig three-ways don�t slip. When you see a bite the tip of the rod will twitch. They wiggle and wobble in the current. Floating crank baits are a superb way to use the three way rig on rivers. Trolling Options With the depth control of the three way rig some innovative anglers use this rig for a trolling presentation. experiment to find what the fish prefer. Catfish 6�-6" to 7�-0" Medium/Fast Action Baitcasting with 20lb to 30lb monofilament test line. The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig. The most common used is a casting (bell) type sinker ranging in weight sizes of 1/23/4-1 oz. release as much for the desired length from the boat. In other words you do not want to have a bow in your line from the rod to the rig. The three way is used from a stationary position. bank and pyramid sinkers are rigged with weight sizes Darseet Garasia Page 47 . so you don�t feed line upon a bite. Tighten up the line as much as possible to have a direct line from the rod to the rig. they are a fixed bottom rig mainly used on river systems to place the bait at a set distance off the bottom. The set-up for this is simple. What you need for a three way rig Weight/Sinkers The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait. River currents creates drag on the line which reduces sensitivity and control. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig. anchored in a boat or from a shoreline. free spool the line over the side of the boat until the sinker reaches the bottom. The bite indicator is your rod tip the key to sense a strike is to have no excess line between the three-way and the rod. instead of the hook add a snap or tie directly on a floating crank bait. troll upstream they vibrate madly go downstream move along slightly faster than the current to make the lure wiggle. This set-up is excellent for river walleyes and white bass.All you need to know about “FISHING” Three Way Rig The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig.

Weight Sizes 1/2 oz to 4 oz. Flat Also known as a No Roll this flat sliding sinker planes right to the bottom and hold for use in heavy current. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. one at 12 to 18 inches and the other at 24 to 36 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel. the lighter dropper line with the sinker breaks with out loosing the entire rig. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/36") and the sinker to the other at (12/18") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot. Egg The egg sinker is used on multiple rigs. this way if the sinker gets hung up. Hooks White Bass/Stripers Walleye size #4-#6 Octopus/Aberdeen Hooks/Floating Jigs size 4 Catfish size 1/0-2/0 Circle/Octopus Hooks Swivel A three way marine brass swivel size 4 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel. reduce the drop line pound test for the sinker than the main line or hook line.All you need to know about “FISHING” starting from 1 oz up to 8 ounces. Tip: If you fish in area�s with a lot of snags. Disc Used in fast water currents lays flat on the bottom where snags are a problem. add/tie the drop lines. Weight Sizes 1oz to 8 oz Darseet Garasia Page 48 . You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up. as a sliding sinker or pegged to function as a stationary weight.

Catfish Rig. This feature prevents the a fish from feeling the weight as the line passes through the sinker. others include: Live Bait Rig. weight/sinker .All you need to know about “FISHING” Pyramid Great sinker for fishing swift rivers and heavy surf that have a soft bottom (mud and sand) the corners dig in keeping the weight stationary. The basic rig is simple. Darseet Garasia Page 49 . Walking A very popular walleye angler sinker. The fishing presentation allows the sinker to rest on the water bottom with the bait suspended above. holding more weight.hook .floating jig. Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you�re targeting it has many names the most common is the Lindy Rig a trade name. River Rig. Sliding Sinker Bottom Rig The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing. Weight Sizes 1 oz to 8 oz. The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing. Walleye Rig.swivel/stop . Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 1/2 oz.or crawler/minnow rigs all used for live bait. This allows the sinker to “walk” on the bottom over rocks and rubble reducing the chance of snagging. Walking Sinker Rig and Sturgeon Rig. Slip Rig. The bottom is also rounded and bent upwards.leader . Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you’re targeting it has many names the most common is the trade name Lindy Rig. The semi-flat design also prevents it from rolling in faster currents. A rectangular sinker with rounded outside edges a top eye for the line with the bottom slightly wider and larger in size than top.

and pyramid sinkers are all used for river rigging ranging in Darseet Garasia Page 50 . As a general rule you�ll need a 1/8 of an ounce for every 10 feet of depth for lake systems that have minimal of current. Recommended Sliding Sinker Weights 1/8 oz. when a fish bites the live bait it usually pulls the line the opposite way of the sinker telegraphed by a small tug or twitch on your line. for 15-25 feet of water 3/4 oz. this brings the sinker up to the swivel/stop. this adds action to your bait. back trolling or on a controlled drift. release or cast allowing as much line out until it is at the desired distance from your boat. Walleye and catfish are notorious for picking up bait and dropping it as soon as they feel resistance. Slowly retrieve the rig along the bottom. Bullet sinkers will slide through the weeds better as the taper head will not pick up bits of vegetation and floating debris. for 25-35 feet of water 1 oz. This technique is highly successful for catfish and sturgeon on river systems. reel up the line until it is tight. engage the reel and set the hook using a sweeping motion of the rod. Walking sinkers are the most generally used and work the best over rocks and along mud bottoms. the basic principles apply the same. While holding your rod periodically give it a small pump keeping your finger on the line. If you feel a twitch or a tap release you�re finger give it a few seconds engage the reel bringing the line tight slowly and set the hook. Line: Large Catfish 20lb to 30lb test low stretch monofilament. Controlled Drifting or Trolling When front trolling. Leave the reel in free spool and use your finger to stop and hold the line. for 10-15 feet of water 1/2 oz. River Fishing In fishing rivers with current from a boat anchored or from a shoreline as a set line.Start with few a 1/8 -1/4 and 1/2 ounce sinkers this will cover most lake fishing techniques. for 6-10 feet of water 1/4 oz.All you need to know about “FISHING” Suggested Tackle Rod: Walleye: 6�-6" . But here are some general guidelines to follow: Weight/Sinkers Any type of sliding sinker will work for this rig. Egg. Fishing from a Boat When casting the sliding sinker bottom rig allow the rig to sink to the bottom. no roll. as the slack line becomes tight. Use a bullet sinker when weeds are present. feel for bites as many times this acts as a trigger for a following fish. Line: Walleye 6lb-8lb test low visibility monofilament. open the free spool on your reel. As the boat moves the line will become tight once the sinker reaches the bottom. Set the rod in a rod holder. Cast the rig and reel up the line until it is tight. When the rod tip twitches. After a few seconds engage the reel bring the line tight and set the hook.0" Foot -Light to Medium Light Power Spinning / Fast action Rod: Large Catfish: 6�-6" to 7�-0" Foot -Medium Heavy Power Bait Casting / Fast action Reel: Walleye: Light spinning balanced tothe rod Reel: Large Line capacity Bait Casting. wait a few seconds. Watch the rod tip closely as this will be the bite indicator.7�. for 35 feet and deeper The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait. casting. Open the free spool on your reel allowing the fish to swim away on a free line after grabbing the bait. What you need for a sliding sinker bottom rig With the hundreds of options that this rig offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter. disc.

Catfish and sturgeon sizes range from 1 to 6/0. Start with cutting the length of leaders at 24-to-36 inches use 6 to 8 lb test for walleye and bass . no roll. The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist. Be sure the swivel is large enough to stop the sliding weight. and pyramid sinkers have no preference. Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible. Tie the hook on one end using a Improved Clinch Knot tie the other end to the swivel using the same knot Thread the sinker onto your fishing line. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers for walleye northern pike and trout. it is invisible in the water and abrasion resistant and has low stretch.8lb to 10lb for light catfish & pike . Swivels Swivels are a simple but yet important part on your fishing gear when it comes to rigging. Once tied. Swivels are also used as a component on a leader to attach your line. Bullet sinkers face the tapered end towards the rod tip. After slipping the sinker on your line tie to the open end of the swivel on the leader using the Improved Clinch Knot. the slip sinker should be above the swivel and move freely. This can be purchased at quality sport shops as 10 to 20 yard spools. disc. For small minnow and leeches use size #6-#8 for walleye crappie and bass. Crawler and minnow prerigged harnesses with single or double blades work extremely well in stained or murky water by producing a loud blade vibrations helping the fish locate your bait.20lb for medium catfish -Large catfish & sturgeon 30 to 40lb test. we recommend using fluorocarbon monofilament as the leader material. You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up. Hooks The octopus hook is the most widely used on this rig as a single hook or pre-rigged on a crawler/minnow rig harness. casting. Barrel Darseet Garasia Page 51 . The swivel keeps your line from twisting. Other hooking options include floating jigs sized by the hook #4-#6. Note: Length of leader and size of hook will vary based on the fishing conditions.All you need to know about “FISHING” weights from a 1/8 to 8 ounces. Live Bait All live bait will work on this rig. Egg. all quality hook manufactures produces them in various sizes and colors. acts as a weight stop on your line along with spreading bottom rigs ( 3way swivel) for proper presentations. For the walking sinker make sure the bent bottom end is facing towards the rig or away from the rod tip. How to Rig Begin with making the leader.

Slip 6. Round Attached 2. Shy/Light Bite Slip 8. lighted or glow for night time fishing. Popular Common Bobbers (Floats) 1. Lighted Slip 3. There are a variety colors. Waggler Slip 9. Antenna Slip 7. The bobber or float presents the bait at a pre set depth and acts as a strike indicator when a fish bites. slip bobbers that the fishing line passes through for deep water fishing and the fixed bobber that uses a spring lock or snap for shallow water fishing. Glow Slip 5. shapes and size bobbers available today.All you need to know about “FISHING” Ball Bearing Three Way Snap Swivel Fishing Bobbers (Floats) Fishing with a bobbers is one the most common and simple set-ups. Weighted Spring Attached 4. Large Bait Slip Darseet Garasia Page 52 .

The attached to line bobbers will work but are limited to very shallow water a few feet or so. in other words the amount of line from the attached bobber to your hook should be shorter than you�re rod length. The stop point on the line is called a bobber stop. connected to a pike leader attached to a tennis ball sized bobber. it's design has a hollow tube through it and will slide freely from the hook or bottom weight to the stop. but is large enough to stop the bead on a slip bobber. there has to be some point to hold the bobber from movement on the line to float. To properly fish a attached bobber or slip bobber rig the key is to use the smallest and lightest tackle in order to present the live bait as natural as possible. especially large ones. Darseet Garasia Page 53 . Using a bobber to hook length longer than the rod will restrict your casting ability and the fish landing as the attached bobber stops the line at the rod tip hampering your efforts to net the fish. By doing this your success and catch rate will increase dramatically. will hold the line. For a bobber or float to work properly. this can be purchased at a store as rubber pellets. Conventional round bobbers achieve this by attaching directly to a fixed point on the line using a snap. by releasing the spring. and to detect a bite from your bobber. Many anglers began their first fishing experience using a red and white bobber rig off a dock or boat for panfish. The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. cigar shaped floats use a spring that is pulled back with the line inserted into a slot. small vinyl strips and dacron knots on a tube. or can be tied by the angler using this knot ( Stop Knot ) The bobber stop when used correctly is small enough to pass through the rod guides and reel mechanisms when retrieved or cast. but at least they are fishing. Unfortunately they never received guidance or advice for the correct presentation. only limited by the depth of the water and the amount of line on the reel.All you need to know about “FISHING” Sliding Slip Bobber Rig The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. it is designed to move (slide) up and down the line and will not interfere with casting or landing a fish. While the basic bobber set-up is simple we have witnessed over the years many anglers over-rig this set-up by using a extremely large hook. Thus the angler using slip bobbers can fish at any depth.

rock pile. up. Adjust the bobber stop upward or add weight. larger bait requires a larger float or a fishing presentation such asdrifting a float over a flat or fishing a targeted piece of structure. An inexpensive tool to use in setting the correct depth off the bottom is a ice fishing depth finder. Setting the correct depth is critical for successful slip bobbering. easy to cast. light with medium action spinning rod. Made of balsa. Suggested Tackle: Any light rod & reel set-up will work but we suggest a longer rod in aiding longer casts and setting the hook. sideways. often referred as a shy bite or a waggler float. Clip the depth finder on the hook release the line until reaches the bottom. In setting the hook reel in any slack line.Any good quality spinning reel balanced to the rod with a smooth drag. Round Basic Bobber The round attached bobber comes in a rainbow of colors made of hard plastic or Styrofoam that have a spring clip on the bottom attaching to the line. a alligator clip attached to a lead weight. The bobber/float should only be large enough to hold your bait and float upright in the water. To began. Start at 6" to 12" inches off the bottom and adjust the bobber stop upward from there.4 . indicating a bite. After the cast wait for the bait to sink and the bobber to go upright before reeling in any slack line. and will work in waves or still water conditions. Pear Shaped Slip Float These are the most common. Line . Reel . you�re probably on the bottom or need additional weight. the slip bobber rig should be balanced with the correct amount of weight including the live bait. It�s time to fish. They are a good choice Darseet Garasia Page 54 .7' to 8' foot plus. smaller for leeches and worms larger for minnows. They come in a variety of sizes to match the live bait. use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish this helps ensuring a good hookset. that way it will be sensitive to any type of bite. crappies and bass often suspend higher. Walleyes and perch relate to bottom structure. Easily cast and best used when fishing calm water over structure. If your bobber lays flat on the surface. You should have variety of floats enabling to fish in various situations and conditions. down.8 pound test monofilament. Cigar Shaped Slip Floats For light biting fish. Matching the live bait. A popular float in Europe for light biting fish. These can purchased at any fishing shop for under two dollars. Great for kids who fish off a dock. these have a thinner profile and offer the least resistance on a bite. Oval Slip Floats A larger float used for larger minnows small suckers and red tail chubs. For night fishing there are LED lithium battery tipped lighted floats. hump or crib.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing a slip bobber is an effective way to catch almost any species of fish. What you need for a slip bobber rig/bobber Type of Floats/Bobbers There are variations in styles and types of floats. this means a fish has taken your bait and is swimming upward eliminating the weight that kept the bobber upright. made of Styrofoam or balsa. if the bobber goes flat on the water. The best bobber size is about 1 inch or equal to a quarter for small worms. bluegills. Keep alert for any movements. Made of Styrofoam or balsa Pencil Slip Float This is the lightest and thinnest float used to detect a bite. Rod . Once reeled up the slip bobber should rest above the split shot with the bobber stop on your reel. Upon setting the proper depth and weight balance on the slip bobber. set/slide the bobber stop accordingly. Fishing with attached bobber limit�s the amount of line to a few feet for shallow water.

Live bait Worms. The Octopus hook is the most commonly used although circle hooks are equally effective. Trim off the tag ends close to the knot. Rubber pellets that come attached to a fine wire loop. Another option is using a jig 1/64 to 1/8 ounce this offers color to the bait as well as a horizontal presentation. How to rig a slip bobber Began by threading the stop knot tube on the line Push the stop knot off the tube onto the line toward the rod tip and remove tube. Minnows are the favorite during the spring and fall seasons with leeches and worm/night crawlers used during warmer summer months. the tag ends are trimmed off. Start by placing the split shot 8 to 12 inches from the hook. Try this for early and mid season walleyes. Pinch on a split shot below the float and tie on the hook on using a Improved Clinch Knot. be sure the top of the float is facing the rod tip. If you get snagged and Darseet Garasia Page 55 . Vinyl/Plastic strips that have small holes that you weave the line through and the Dacron knot stop that come on a small tube which is threaded onto the line. Thread on the bead and slip float. this will allow your bait to appear more natural. Tip Add a small barrel swivel above the split shot using lighter line than the main line. they attach by running the line through the loop and pull the stop onto the line. Crappies and bluegills try a gold Aberdeen long shank hook size #6 or#8 tipped with a small minnow or redworm. Sizes #6 and #8 for worms and leeches. Pull the loose tag ends of the knot semi-tight to be adjustable. leeches. Each size and type of slip bobber will require different sized split shot weights. the knot is pushed off the tube to the line then tighten. Bobber Stops/Stop Knots There are three common types of bobber stops that are sold in shops. All three come with stop beads if the hole on the float is too large for the stop. size #4 for minnows for walleyes and bass. For instance the main line is 8lb use 4lb or 6lb test from the swivel down to the hook. The Dacron stop is the most universally used as well as the easiest to adjust on monofilament just wet the line and slide the stop to the proper setting. The correct weight and placement will keep your line vertical through the water allowing the float to indicate even the lightest bite. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with.All you need to know about “FISHING” for (drifting) covering an expanse of water as the increased profile will drift along pushed from the wind and waves. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. minnows. if more than one split shot is used always place the smaller split shot closest to the hook. Weight/Sinkers Proper weighting and placement are the utmost important when using a slip bobber. Made of Styrofoam or balsa.

Minnows are apart of a fish family that includes over 250 species in North America. They generally reach 2 to 3 inches in length and have a life span of two to three years. Dependent on the time of the year and water temperatures or when fishing slows down live bait is definitely the preferred choice for a successful catch. worms and leeches catch fish. In Northern States. fishing with live bait still produces over 50% of freshwater game fish caught in North America. you would only lose the hook and split shot by breaking the lighter line. The following are the most popular live bait used. or "blackhead. native to most states. and their maximum length seldom exceed three inches in size thus making them one of the best forage fish available for bass. Fishing with Bait Fish To most anglers the word minnow means a small fish used for bait. Spawning begins when the water temperature reaches 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit and repeats monthly until water cools down in the fall. It saves you time not chasing a floating bobber. Fathead minnows are sometimes called "tuffy". the fathead minnow inhabits boggy. Chubs. The fathead minnow is a fresh water fish. black and rosy red (orange). "ruby red". bluegill. walleye. Chub (Creek Chub) Darseet Garasia Page 56 . stained colored lakes. In Southern states it lives in silt or mud bottomed lakes ponds and slow moving rivers. Whether you buy or catch your bait it should always be kept fresh and lively. This keeps the float as the swivel acts as a stop on your main line. ponds and slow moving streams. Fathead Fatheads are the most popular and universal of baitfish and are commonly used as forage for game fish. The most commonly used and commercially sold minnows are Fatheads." They come in two different colors. Fatheads feed on small organic organisms. types of containers and care for inland freshwater fishing. it will also save you money by learning how to keep your bait alive. active fresh minnows. Fishing with Live Bait With all of the innovative and high tech features that artificial lures currently have.All you need to know about “FISHING” had to break the line. Most live bait are purchased at a local Sport Shop or for a rewarding experience can be caught by yourself. Shiners and Suckers. and crappie to feed on.

the head. weedy. Hornyhead Chub ( Red Tail Chub) The hornyhead chub. Young golden shiners are silvery with a dark band on the side as they mature the band fades developing a golden color with a dark bronze brown back. some reach 8 inches. Because they often school in lakes. which is red. The creek chub is one of the "Big Three" native minnows (the other two are common shiner and hornyhead chub). In comparison with similar species. The eggs are deposited into a small depression opened by the male in the nest. especially in the Northern States for ice fishing. and smallmouth bass. fertilized and allowed to settle into vegetation while mating fish continue to swim. It inhabits both warm and coldwater streams and may be found in the same cooler waters as trout. Both young and adult fish show schooling patterns in shallow depths no greater than 2-3 ft. This behavior is quite remarkable since largemouth bass are know to feed heavily on them. also known as the redtail chub. Also known as Roach. Adult males reach a length of about 6 to 9 inches (females are smaller). They have been observed using active nests of largemouth bass to deposit their own eggs. American Roach and Pond Shiner Darseet Garasia Page 57 . Golden shiners spawn over an extended period from May to July. Golden Shiner The golden shiner are found throughout the U. Common Shiner Common shiners average about 2 1/2 to 4 inches long. largemouth bass. brown trout. young fish have a distinct spot. This spot becomes less distinct with age. ponds. Creek chubs can live for 7-8 years although few make it past 5. and occasionally rivers. kingfishers. Eastern Shiner. and creamy below. Their color is basically silvery with a dusky back. The hornyhead feeds primarily on insect larvae. It is used as a popular baitfish for walleyes and northern pike. shallow sections of lakes. Little creek chubs even have to watch out for bigger creek chubs. river chub some males excavate their own small nests. some algae is also eaten. Their native range is Midwest and Eastern States. Eggs are released. Redfin Shiner. Golden shiners live in clear. and mouth of the common shiner seem noticeably large. such as walleyes. with the exception of a few upper Western States. Common shiners spawn in spring. Spawning occurs from late May through June. The male constructs a nest carrying small rocks in his mouth to the spawning site. Gravel in riffles is often used for spawning. Females reach about 7"-8" weigh up to 8-10 oz. and mergansers also commonly eat them. loons. The common shiner feeds at or just below the water surface primarily on insects. quiet. At the base of the tail. Also known as Silver Shiner. is olive brown on the back. Because it is common and readily caught it is important forage fish for many game fish as a popular bait minnow. silvery on the sides. The finished nest is a small mound of stones 1-3 feet in diameter and a few inches high. such as earthworms and crustaceans. northern pike. eyes. Males sometimes attain lengths of 10"-12" and weigh up to 12 oz. Creek Shiner.S. but they commonly spawn over the nest of a creek chub.All you need to know about “FISHING” Creek chubs are a main forage item for many predators. but eats other small animals.

water systems. The white sucker is widely distributed through out most of the U. swamps and other wetlands over mud and debris and often found in dense vegetation. mottled throughout. Water from a well or bottled water requires no de-chlorinator. a few drops goes a long way.All you need to know about “FISHING” Mud Minnow The upper part of the body is olive-brown in color. Small amounts of ice can be added periodically. The white sucker goes by a number of other names. coarse-scaled sucker. Most bait shops or your local pet store have chlorine removers in a liquid. Rapid change in temperature will send the baitfish into shock and they eventually die. but do not overload the ice or the temperature drop will shock the fish and kill them. slender sucker. Keep your bait bucket in the shade and out of direct sunlight. Although the white sucker is found in a wide variety of water conditions. Here’s a few pointers in keeping your live bait alive long enough to be useful especially during the summer months 1. They tolerate low oxygen levels and extreme water temperatures. Mudfish and Dogfish Suckers Suckers are found in nearly all types of waters with 80 species native to North America. brook sucker. Central Mudminnows occur in quiet areas of streams. and they have a cylindrical shape. june sucker and white horse. Note: (VHS) Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia is a deadly fish virus and a invasive species that is Darseet Garasia Page 58 . If the water in your bait container turns cloudy because of ammonia being released (waste) by the baitfish or they are at the top gasping for air the water needs to be changed. Also known as Mississippi mud minnow. large scales.Nothing kills minnows and suckers quicker than extreme heat. gray sucker. Keep them Cool….. The most common used for bait is the White Sucker. mud sucker. Warm water greatly reduces the oxygen content. Care and Keeping of Baitfish When fishing with minnows and suckers having fresh lively bait can make a world of difference in getting a bite. Changing the Water…. with up to 14 indistinct brown vertical bars on the sides and a prominent dark vertical bar located at the base of the tail. In adding or changing water from a city tap use a de-chlorinator to remove the chlorine. Used extensively as a bait minnow where plentiful. some unusual specimens weighing as much as 8 pounds. sucker. and they can tolerate low oxygen levels. The belly is yellow to white and fins are brownish. The action of a struggling minnow/sucker on a hook with a natural scent will draw attention of nearby fish even enticing neutral or negative mood fish to a reactionary strike. Preferred bait for many walleye anglers because of its hardiness. White suckers feed on a variety of invertebrates found among stream and lake substrates. mullet. 2.S. Their color is olive brown.. White suckers are usually about 10-20 inches long and weigh 1-2 pounds. larger suckers for muskies. Young white suckers are used as bait for walleyes and northern pike. these fish typically inhabit lakes and reservoirs that have tributary streams. black mullet. like common sucker. If you're on a lake or river make sure you temper the water in the minnow bucket to the same temperature as the water system you're fishing by adding small amounts of water rather than submerging the entire bucket. sloughs.

Here is a recommended guide line based on minnow sizes and a standard sized minnow bucket at 8 quart capacity. sliding weight bottom rig. Using this method the baitfish will keep it alive for a longer time. Please support and follow all regulations in helping the DNR stop this threat. Check your bait often. The first is in the mouth insert the point of the hook under the lower lip and push the hook through the top lip. Over crowding of minnows or suckers in a bait container will immediately reduce the amount of available oxygen. Proper amount of bait….1" Standard 8 Qt 6 dozen Medium ( Fathead’s. Lip hooked baitfish also work well on preserved baits.and Up Standard 8 Qt 1-1 1/2 dozen Large Suckers 10" -18" Recommended 5 gallon bucket or larger 2-3 suckers Rigging Baitfish There are three basic options to bait a minnow on a hook. a floating/bobber set-up or for ice fishing hooking a baitfish on a tip-up. be careful to pierce only the skin and not through the spine. Small Chubs & Shiners) 2"-3 1/2" Standard 8 Qt 4-5 dozen Large ( Chubs. Suckers & Shiners) 3 1/2" . This allows the baitfish to look natural as it swims forward. Small ( Crappie Fathead Minnows) 3/4". drop shot rig or on a float/bobber set-up. and increase the toxic ammonia level from their waste. bottom bouncers. The second option is hooking the baitfish through it’s back in front of the dorsal fin. transport and disposal of baitfish including the use of water from bait containers. This hooking technique is used when stationary fishing. Darseet Garasia Page 59 . please check your Local Sport Shop / State Department of Natural Resources fishing regulations concerning the use. the hook shank will be facing forward with the tip of the hook facing up. 3. By hooking the baitfish through the lips will keep the water from circulating into the gills and it will eventually die. Lip hooked baitfish are used tipped on a jig or live bait rigs. If you over fill your container with minnows by the time you get to your destination from the bait shop probably and 1/3 or more of your bait will be dead floating on the top.All you need to know about “FISHING” threatening many game fish in North American water systems. Before fishing with live minnows and suckers.

This lets the angler to select bait from the liner by lifting out of the outer bucket draining the water. ending with the hook tip and shaft facing rearward. There are other styles and options available to make your fishing more efficient and convenient. The inner bucket has a floating cover with a snap open door the bottom is perforated like a strainer. Trolling Buckets Trolling style buckets are ideal when trolling as they pull easily behind boat or in current when wading. air hoses. It is also useful when stationary fishing in keeping bait fresh and lively by placing the inner bucket liner in the lake or off a dock as a holding container. Here's a quick overview to choosing the right style of bucket for the different ways you may fish. Standard Two Bucket Design The traditional lift out bait bucket has a outer hard plastic bucket with a inner liner that fits inside. holes and clips for holding dip nets. Other features now include notches.All you need to know about “FISHING” The final option is hooking through the tail for free-line fishing. Fishing Baitfish Containers The basic angling tool in keeping and transporting live baitfish to your fishing spot is the minnow bucket. aerators and pliers. Use a simple split shot and hook rig cast the minnow gently and let it sink and drift while it swims freely. Darseet Garasia Page 60 . The trolling bucket constantly aerates the bait as it moves through the water. Insert the hook tip at the fleshy base of the tail and run it through. Today the traditional minnow bucket is still used only made from hard plastic. Years back galvanized steel bait buckets were used and are still found in many tackle shops. The weighted keel design keeps the bucket from rolling over and positions the self closing bait door floating face up for easy access to your bait.

The water should be periodically checked and changed. with the solid lid design trying to pour out water with baitfish inside can be a tricky in not losing bait. The drawbacks are they are fragile and changing water. over time the foam liner should be cleaned from residue build up with a fine grit sandpaper and rinsed with plain water using no soap or cleaners. For storing baitfish for several days add a battery powered aerator keeping the water oxygenated. They do come in handy when you need a extra bucket or forgot to bring yours along to the bait shop. To eliminate freezing lids.All you need to know about “FISHING” Plastic Insulated Buckets By combining a foam liner and the durability of a molded plastic outer bucket you have the best portable container for baitfish. Styrofoam Buckets For the seasoned angler we can bet that you have a collection of Styrofoam buckets in your garage or fishing shed. *Tip* For ice fishing foam buckets work very well in keeping the water from freezing but the lid in colder weather tends to freeze to the bucket. Foam buckets do a excellent job of keeping baitfish alive in heat or cold they insulate well and keep the water temperature consistent. Aerators Darseet Garasia Page 61 . apply a thin layer of Vaseline around the outer edge of the lid and bucket. The inner liner keeps baitfish cool during the warm months it also reduces freezing of water in colder temperatures.

This allows you to keep baitfish alive for days in your garage. The night crawler is deadly and irresistible to most large game fish when used as live bait on a crawler harness. Some tackle companies sells 110 volt air pump systems or you can visit your local pet shop and buy the components. trout. *Tip* To make a night crawler more visible and enticing to fish inject them with small amounts of air. this allows the bait to float off the bottom when using weighted bottom rig. Using a small piece of a night crawler you can have fun catching perch. porch or fishing cottage. The most common and popular worms used for bait are: Night Crawlers and Red Worms. hose and stone and save money. in the long run you will be glad you did. secure the pump so it does not fall off into the water. any type of hook/weight rig. Other upgraded options include adapters to hook up to a 12 volt battery. and sturgeon. *Tip* If your using a plug in aerator always keep the pump above the water line so water can't siphon back if a power failure occurs. Gentle aeration is the key.All you need to know about “FISHING” Buying an aerator will quickly pay for itself by reducing the mortality rate of your baitfish along with keeping your bait fresh and lively. remember you will be listening to the humming of the pump while fishing. largemouth and smallmouth bass. Anglers that will store baitfish for an extended period of time in a cooler or a baitfish tank should look at buying a plug in aerator rather than replacing batteries. we can attest for this first hand. As a pump operates. invest in a high quality aerator that markets itself as whisper operation or quiet bubbles. There are hundreds of species of earthworms in North America. a built in light helpful for low light and night time fishing and low and high output oxygen level adjustment controls. you do not want your baitfish churning around your bucket in waves. Portable aerators use batteries from sizes from AA to D cells and have clips for attaching to bait bucket lids with air hoses and air stones. pump failure will result in a bucket of dead minnows. all have the same general shape but differ in size and color. Bait shops sell worm air injectors. Fishing with Night Crawlers & Red Worms The earthworm is the most widely used bait for freshwater fishing and is one of easiest natural bait to collect and keep. bluegill. a small bottle with a needle and a protective cap. it will vibrate and move around. catfish. Night Crawlers For years the night crawler has been the leading live bait choice among the majority of anglers. Darseet Garasia Page 62 . air pump. The other consideration is sound. tipped on jig or under a bobber set-up for walleye. smaller bubbles carry more oxygen. rock bass and other Panfish as well.

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Night crawlers are easy to keep and sold at all bait shops, some gas stations and sporting goods section at discount stores. Many anglers prefer to collect their own bait by yanking night crawlers out of their holes in the backyard. If you're night crawler hunting the best time is evening after a hard spring or summer rain, it can be as simple as picking them off the street, especially the ones that have low curbs with grass parkways, darker streets are more productive than well lit ones as they are light sensitive. Searching in grass under leaves and rocks where the soil is moist use a flashlight and cover the lens with red cellophane, night crawlers for some reason can feel white light, shine a flashlight directly on a night crawler and they will slide very quickly back into their hole. Night crawler picking is fun on a warm summer evening after a rain, just bring a container and get plenty of bait for free. Red Worms

Red worms also known as leaf worms, garden worms and red wigglers. They are very popular live bait for game fish that prefer smaller worms, such as panfish, bluegill, perch and trout. Red worms are hardy and not as sensitive to temperature as the common night crawler. They are also very active when placed on a hook as they wiggle attracting and catching fish. Red worms are especially effective when it comes to bait stealers, small mouthed sunfish that nibble at the bait, to increase the catch thread a red worm on a hook and leave the hook point uncovered. *Tip* Most youngsters are taught how to fish by starting out with hook, weight, bobber and carton of red worms off of a dock or from shore. If your looking to set-up your child with rod and reel here's a recommendation: Buy a quality 5 1/2 ft spin cast ( closed faced combo) light action spooled with 6lb test, this will be better and easier for kids than the short brightly colored fishing outfits that are available. For rigging purchase a package of size 8 aberdeen long shank hooks a pack of BB sized split shots and a few bobbers that attach to the line about the overall size of a quarter, the smaller bobber is intended to suspend your bait in the water and alert when to set the hook. Using a larger bobber the harder it will be to set the hook and detect a bite. To complete the set-up tie on the hook using a clinch knot above about 6-10 inches place a spilt shot or two then attach the bobber. Worm Care & Storage

Night crawlers and red worms are stored refrigerated in bait shops as they require a dark and cooler environment to survive. When fishing with earthworms for the day they should always be kept in the shade and out of direct sunlight especially when it‘s very warm. Nothing smells worse than a container of sun baked worms. After your day on the water to keep your bait fresh either put them in a cooler with ice, place the container on top you don’t want to drown your bait in the cooler water or place the container in a refrigerator.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”

For keeping worms in a good condition for a extended period of time you should consider buying a portable worm carrier. Most containers made of a insulated material that will maintain a cool moist environment that worms enjoy. Some models can be dipped into water to aid in keeping them moist others have external ice pack holders for hot days. To get at the worms easily many have two access doors that you can flip the container over when they burrow to the bottom, make sure the container has a snug fitting lockable doors. Another choice is what material to store them in. We recommend buying commercially made worm bedding available at most tackle shops. The cellulose organic based bedding makes temperature and moisture regulation easier. Many worm containers have kits with bedding included just follow the instructions on the package. Fishing with Leeches

Leeches are the most plentiful of all the baits. They can be left in a container of water for a long time without food. Walleyes love leeches almost all year round and they are classified as universal bait for walleyes. Fish eat many types of leeches, but only the ribbon leech is widely used as bait. The color of a ribbon leeches varies from pure black to light brown and some have a brown or olive background with many black spots. Leeches are easy to keep alive. They are not as sensitive to temperature changes as minnows, and they require relatively little oxygen. Leeches can be kept alive until fall, even without food, but they should be allowed to clean themselves. Anglers can keep the bait "cleaner" by rinsing the leeches on a daily basis and storing them in fresh, clean water in a cool place. The summer is the best time to fish with leeches; by mid-summer most of the adult leeches have deposited cocoons and die off. Also, in the summer time the leech will wiggle more below a bobber than a worm. When drifting or trolling, anglers will catch suspended walleyes on floating jigheads and slip sinker rigs.

About Fishing Lures
For the beginning angler, walking into a bait and tackle shop for the first time can be overwhelming because of the huge selection of lures by type, color and sizes. Many just buy a tackle box and fill it with a random assortment of lures and hope through trial and error one works, others just purchase a lure or two and use it all day. When building a tackle selection one must consider the species of fish you're targeting along with the season you're fishing in. Expert fishermen understand seasonal locations of fish and the proper presentation, meaning the choice of lure and how to retrieve it. This builds confidence knowing how to fish the proper lure at the proper depth to maximize your catch rate, and catching fish is the quickest way to gain confidence. When buying lures to cover multiple fishing presentations select a few of each type and color by using these factors listed below.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Depth Depth is a major factor in lure selection. There are three categories or lure types, surface, sub-surface and deep. Let's start with Spring, when most gamefish move into the shallow water to spawn and seek food. Surface lures and shallow running lures are the best choice. During the Summer months fish move to deeper water where deep running lures and jigs are used. When fall arrives fish tend to move back to shallower water sub-surface and surface lures will be effective. Cover Species such as largemouth bass and northern pike will be related to weeds throughout the year. When fishing thick weeds and brush use a lure with a weed guard (weedless) to prevent snagging. Always have a few surface lures on hand as well when fishing around cover especially during the early morning and evening hours. Level of Fish Activity The gamefish level of activity determines the size and action of the lure. For instance water temperature affects fish more than and other elements, and weather conditions play a major role, such as when a cold front arrives. Cold water reduces the fish activity and it is best to downsize your lure and present your lure slowly. For muskies and northern pike use lures such as jerk baits and gliders with a pause between in your retrieve, walleyes use jigging spoons twitched and paused along with small jigs tiped with live bait crawled on the bottom will work well. During warm stable weather as the fish's metabolism is active they feed readily. This is the best time to be on the water to fish, inline spinners, spinner baits, spoons and crank baits with fast retrieves will move and catch fish. Lure Colors, Light & Water Clarity Many articles have been written and theories discussed about lure color and how the water clarity affects the colors. All water acts as a light filter depending on the clarity, (clear or stained) and depth of the lure. It has been a general rule of thumb that lighter colored lures work the best in clear water in stained or murky water fluorescent colored are favored. The other cliché is light color on bright days and dark colors on overcast days no matter what the water color is. But this does not explain why dark colors such as purple or black worms for largemouth bass works so well on clear water on a bright day. Lure Sizes Sizing of lures is also apart of the proper presentation. Here is a recommended chart for length of lures for various game fish. Crappies, Perch, Bluegills-1-2" River Trout-1-3" White Bass-1-3" Smallmouth Bass-2-5" Largemouth Bass-2-6" Walleyes-3-6" Salmon, Lake Trout-3-7" Muskies, Northern Pike-4-12"
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Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits Fishing Spinners Fishing Spoons Fishing Jigs
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Darseet Garasia

Surface lures work especially well when fish are shallow and the water temperature is 60 degrees or warmer. producing sounds that draws the attention of game fish. Crankbaits & Creatures The word "Plug" was used many years ago to describe a lure that was handcarved from a block of wood. Black provides the best silhouette against the sky as the fish looks upward towards the water surface. Most plugs replicate some type of baitfish but some types of plugs resemble mice. but most modern day plugs are made from hollow plastic or molded plastic. The best hours to fish surface lures are generally early in the morning and at dusk into the evening. A few lure manufacturers still use wood in making lure bodies. and snakes that fish prey on.All you need to know about “FISHING”  Fishing Soft Plastics Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits Fishing with Surface Lures. Crawlers Darseet Garasia Page 66 . It may be the vibration of a minnow bait swimming through the water. Green/White for Frogs. insects. or the splash pop and gurgle of a surface plug or just the sound of hooks clicking the lure body. Plugs attract fish by there action and flash. The water should be relatively calm otherwise the fish do not notice the action. and White/Blue/Chrome for Shad and Shiners. But there has been fish caught on surface lures in the middle of the day. Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of plugs and how they are used: Surface Lures: (Topwater) There is nothing more exciting to see a fish strike a surface lure. There are two category of plugs Surface (Topwater) and Subsurface (Diving). it works well on all water types clear. crayfish. some hardwoods and pine. Minnow Baits. stained or dark. Other colors will work as well dependent on the forage in the water system such as Orange/Yellow for Perch. Many new plastic plugs today have internal chambers filled with shot producing a rattling sound that attracts fish. mainly balsa. Many avid anglers still consider wooden plugs the best lure having better action than similar ones made from plastic. frogs. For lure colors a very good universal color is black.

Commonly used for fishing pike and muskies. has wings mounted on the side that will swim across the water. Rotating Tail The tail section rotates creating a plopping noise from the blade attached. Surface Wobbler Darseet Garasia Page 67 . Chuggers Chuggers have an indented cup on the face of the lure. The center blade rotates upon the retrieve producing a bubble trail. (Left) This crawler. A favorite of bass anglers for many years.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crawlers produce a plopping/gurgling sound. also known as a creeper. (Right) A large face plate will make this crawler body move back and forth producing a wake on the surface. it catches water when the lure is jerked over the surface producing a popping/chugging sound. this has been a favorite surface lure for muskie anglers for many years. The tail rotating lures works well on calm water to slight chop. Center Rotating Blade Commonly know as a Globe. used on calm water with a steady slow retrieve.

Excellent lure for new anglers to experience top water fishing. Darseet Garasia Page 68 . and the tail prop adds a wake. Stickbait The stickbait has no lip or propellers. Also know as Propbait or Topper Bait. they also have no built in wobble. pop it using a stop and go method. Flaptail The flaptail rocks back and forth while the brass blade on the tail slaps the water with a plopping sound. The retrieve is very slow allowing the bait to work. this topwater lure is versatile. Used on calm water.All you need to know about “FISHING” The jointed surface wobbler creates a clicking sound as the lure rocks back and forth when retrieved. The angler must supply lure action through a series of short sharp cadence pulls upon the retrieve creating the side to side action known as "walk the dog" on the surface. Propeller The propeller lure has props on the nose and tail or on the tail. Also known as torpedo lure. run it slow with a straight retrieve. or buzz it across the water to trigger aggressive feeding fish. Work this lure slow on calm water in the evening.

or short stop and go techniques. The second group of plugs refer to the action of the lure provided by the angler in the retrieve. Mid range divers will have a lip set at a 45 degree angle. It is wise to have a few of each to cover the fishing situations you could encounter. In selecting lures with a lip attached to the nose of the lure the angle of lip will determine the running depth of the lure. for instance a deep running lure will have a elongated lip attached approximately 90 degrees horizontal from the nose which acts as a diving plane forcing the lure downward. pointed head or a flattened curved forehead. Diving lures will run at depths from just under the surface at 1 foot to 20 feet or greater. Floating Minnow (Crankbait) This is the most popular type and the most versatile crankbait lure designed to Darseet Garasia Page 69 . Floating. the action of the each lure is achieved through a series of cadence pulls. these are commonly known as crankbaits. both have floating or sinking models. Diving lures will catch fish in any type of water calm or rough any time of the day. jerkbaits and twitch baits. mid range 5-10 feet and shallow are 1-3 feet. all have a side to side wiggle action as they travel through the water. Sinking) There are two categories of subsurface plugs.All you need to know about “FISHING” Subsurface Plugs (Diving. The first are diving lures that dive with attached plastic/metal lips or dive based on the lure body design such as cupped. strong jerks. The deep runners are classified as 10 feet plus. Shallow running lures will have lip placed vertically off of the nose creating a water resistance forcing the lure to run shallow. These are classified as gliders. All lure companies provide the running/diving depth of each lure on their box or packaging.

When casting deep running lures this allows the angler to bounce lures off of deep structure (bottom bouncing) such as rocks or wood with out getting snagged by letting the lure just float up after making contact. In casting the angler can pop the lure along the surface or crank it a few feet down to 5 to 8 feet with a straight retrieve. Made from balsa wood and hollow plastic with and with out internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle. Floating Shad/Perch (Crankbait) Similar to the floating minnow style with a diving lip. Anglers who use midrange running lures have a few more options. Floating Lipless (Crankbait) The series of lures shown above have been made for many years. Vibrating (Crankbait) Darseet Garasia Page 70 . For shallow lures running at 1-3 feet as a floater this will maintain the shallow depth. For trolling using a midrange lip off of downrigger or lead core line the lure will maintain the set depth. or a flattened curved forehead all have a side to side wobble action as they travel through the water.All you need to know about “FISHING” imitate a thin bodied baitfish. These lures imitate the forage of shad and perch with a wider or fatter body style. timed tested and still today catch many fish. The lure body design to dive is based on a cupped.

The angler simply cast the lure and count’s down at a rate of 1 foot per second to the specified depth and retrieves the lure.All you need to know about “FISHING” These thin bodied lures do not have a diving lip and are attached to the line with the eye on top of the head. The sinking lure uses a midrange lip to maintain the depth until the end of the retrieve. Sinking (Crankbait) Also known as a countdown this lure is weighted to sink horizontally. resulting in a tight wiggle. When fish suspend over 10 feet at a specific depth the sinking lure is a very good option to use. All vibrating lures have internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle. when stopped the lure will remain suspended and motionless in the water. Very good lure for finicky fish that follows and don’t bite. The presentation is an erratic jerk pause type of retrieve. Neutrally Buoyant (Crankbait) Also referred as a suspending lure or a jerk bait. Darseet Garasia Page 71 . Most are sinking models but some do float at rest. The lure is designed using an internal weight system or a weighted tape to achieve neutral buoyancy.

The Glider (Bottom) is retrieved using timed cadence short pulls causing the lure to glide side to side or a underwater walk the dog action Darseet Garasia Page 72 . Floating (Jerkbait) These are large elongated plugs intended for fishing muskies and pike. Sinking (Gliders & Twitch) Gliders and Twitch baits are lipless and sink. The Twitch bait (Top) is retrieved with a series of short taps of the rod or twitches which gives the lure a erratic motion. Many have a metal tail that can be bent to change the action and depth setting. They float at rest and dive when given a strong jerk or pull then float upward to the surface. Generally most trolling plugs float at rest and dive based on the flattened forehead that creates a wide erratic wobble through the water. up down side to side action.All you need to know about “FISHING” Floating (Trolling Plugs) These are designed and used primarily for trolling as they are relatively too light to cast. To achieve the depth required for a successful controlled trolling depth anglers use a online diving plane (Dipsey Diver) or attached to an line release on a downrigger. the action of each lure is in part provided by the angler.

Buzzbaits. Dark Green top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Firetiger ) Blue top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Parrot ) Orange top & sides Chartreuse belly (Hot Tiger ) Red Head Chartreuse Body ( Clown ) Fishing Spinners InLine. In building your lure assortment the best is to mimic the dominant forage in the waters your fishing. frogs. Here’s a simple guideline of basic successful colors: Open Water Suspended Forage: Shad. Purple top with Silver sides Black top with White sides All Silver Chrome or White Structure Orientated Forage: Perch. The above photo shows lures that imitate each type. swimming rodents. Other than baitfish they will also feed on crawfish. Smelt Black. Creatures Freshwater game fish are predatory by nature there also opportunistic and will take advantage of any food source presented to them to fill their feeding needs. Ciscoes. Lure Colors Crankbaits are available in a spectrum of colors and finishes. Green. Spinnerbaits. painted.All you need to know about “FISHING” creating a dart and flash of the lure. photo and holographic finishes. Blue. stained or muddy waters the hot colors work effective. Suckers. chrome. Shiners. water snakes. prism. glass. here’s a few top producers. foil. amphibians and insects. Livebait Spinners Darseet Garasia Page 73 . Minnows Black top with Gold sides (Sucker) Black top with Silver sides (Minnow) Black top with Orange sides (Perch-Crawfish) Black top with Green sides with Bars (Perch) Brown top Orange or Red sides (Crawfish) Fluorescent Colors For dark. Crawfish. Alewives.

this spinner is shaped like an open safety pin. When the lure is in motion the blade spins creating varying degrees of flash and vibration that mimics small fish. Fish can see the flash of the revolving blade in clear or stained water. some models have multiple blades that are attached on the upper arm using a clevis and a bead stop. in dark or murky water they will use their lateral-line to feel the vibration from the turning blade. A broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the wire shaft producing a lift and thump compared to a narrow willow blade which will run tighter to the shaft and spin faster producing less sound. Third are buzzbaits. most all inline spinners have a weight on the wire to make the spinner heavy enough to cast.All you need to know about “FISHING” Spinners refers to a family of fishing lures that have a metal shaped blade(s) attached to the wire of the lure. The type of blade and shape will determine the depth and sound (the thump) of a spinner upon retrieve. These are good for fast retrieves in swift conditions. The Indiana.Colorado 2. 1.French 6. Darseet Garasia Page 74 . first is the standard inline that have a blade or blades that rotate around a straight wire using a clevis. Understanding Blade Styles The main fish attracting component of a spinner is the blade. they will catch fish with a simple straight retrieve. They will have a lead head molded on the lower arm and a spinner attached on the upper arm using a swivel. Second are spinnerbaits. and deeper water presentations.Indiana Fluted 4.Inline 7.Turtle Back 5.Indiana 3. Spinners have four basic designs. and when a fish strikes a spinner usually it will usually hook itself. All blades have a different amount of resistance as it travels through the water.Willow From the image above the Colorado will run the highest in the water producing the most vibration. Fourth are live bait spinners that use night crawlers or minnows on a hook or a series of hooks with a spinner blade in front of the live bait. The Inline and Willow run the deepest as they spin tightest to the wire shaft. In using spinnerbait’s the willow blade is a good choice around vegetation and cover as they revolve tight to the upper arm catching less floating debris and weeds. they are similar to a spinnerbait or a inline spinner but have a specially designed rotating propeller for surface fishing. Spinners are relatively easy to use. Spinners will catch all types of game fish. Fluted. Turtle Back and French are intermediate styles running at mid range depth levels used for slow to medium retrieves in light river current or lakes.

Blade Colors There are countless blade finishes. profile and action of the lure. Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spinners and how they are used: Darseet Garasia Page 75 . The larger the blade size the more water resistance and vibration when compared to the same shape in a smaller version. size 3-4-5 for bass and pike up to the 7-8 for muskies along with the new popular magnum 10.All you need to know about “FISHING” Blade Sizes The sizes of spinner blades are based on a numerical system starting with 0 or 0/0. Other options are soft plastic tail dressings such as an imitation minnow or tailed grub. the most common are metallic hues with silver. Spinnerbaits that have 2 blades in "tandem" provide more flash which gives the image of schools of bait fish. metal flakes. gold and copper which provides a flash to sight-feeding predators in clear or stained water. Depending on personal preferences and fishing conditions many anglers prefer to use an undressed spinner for speed and depth relying on the blade flash and vibration as the only attractors. and incandescent colors. Spinner bait skirts over the years also evolved from the solid living rubber colors to silicone skirts because of all the available molded-in patterns. squirrel tails and "marabou" from chickens) with a few feathers as attractors especially red. With the advancement of synthetics materials such as flashabou and silicone skirts adds a fluttering flash in different incandescent or solid colors increasing the total flash profile of the spinner. Skirts and Dressings Tying materials to the tail of a inline spinner or silicone skirts on spinner baits adds a realistic appearance and increases the profile of the lure as it swims through the water. Painted blades flash less but create more underwater contrast. Spinner Tails. these are known as trailers. The dressed tail also provides lift and resistance enabling the angler to retrieve the lure at a slower rate. Soft plastics are also used on traditional dressed spinners tails to change the appearance. The inline spinner that has two blades is commonly referred as a bulger which rides high in the water even breaking (bulging) the surface when retrieved rapidly. Multiple Bladed Spinners Many of the spinners today offer double blade options. colors and combinations for spinners today on the market. Years back traditional hook dressings on spinners have been animal hair (deer hair. They can be particularly effective during low-light conditions or in murkier water. the smallest for stream trout spinners.

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Types of Spinners: Inline

The traditional inline spinner shown in three variations (Top) French Blade Dressed Deer Hair Tail (Middle) French Blade Plain Undressed (Bottom) Willow Blade Soft Plastic Imitation Minnow Tail. Double Bladed Inline

By combining two blades together adds vibration and lift upon the retrieve for shallow water. Shown with double Colorado blades and marabou tail that pulses in the water, also known as a "Bulger" Flash Inline

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All you need to know about “FISHING”

With the popularity of synthetic material used for spinner tails adds additional flash to the profile (body) of the lure. The top is tied with flashabou (tinsel) the bottom is a round silicone glitter skirt, both tails pulsates and sparkle upon the retrieve Magnum Double Blade Inline

Similar to the double bladed inline only with larger spinner blades (size 9-13) providing maximum vibration and lift. Very popular lure for muskies. Spinnerbaits

Versatility is what spinnerbaits are all about. With the open safety pin, weighted head and single hook design that runs vertical, it can be fished in and through vegetation (weedless) Slow rolled over cover, allowing it to sink, the blades will helicopter down to deeper water. Used for all gamefish.

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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Magnum Spinnerbaits

A beefed up version of the spinner bait for big pike and muskies. The magnum spinner bait comes in 1 oz and up to 6 oz’s using large blades for increased vibration and large body profiles for big fish. Buzzbaits

Buzzbaits resemble either a standard spinnerbait or inline spinner with the exception of a rotating propeller blade replacing a flat blade. Buzzbaits are a topwater spinner and must be retrieved rapidly to produce a loud clacking sound as they move across the surface. Excellent lure for bass and pike.

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an oblong shape. Spoons work best for larger predators such as northern pike. steel. Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front. these produce an effective fish catching combination for most all species of game fish. The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop. Spoons are stamped. weedless. forged or molded from brass. A long spoon will display a wider side to side wobble than a shorter spoon. Darseet Garasia Page 79 . this spinner is rigged on bottom bouncers and sliding sinker rigs. primarily used on the Great Lakes for walleyes also known as the trade name erie dearie. There are five types of spoons: Casting.All you need to know about “FISHING” Live Bait Spinners By combining the vibration and flash of a spinner blade and the attraction of live bait. lead. copper. The (middle) is a crawler harness with multiple hooks (2 or 3) and is also tipped with a night crawler. The (bottom) is a strip on an old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner. Most are painted on one side with a polished metallic surface on at other side to reflect the sunlight making the spoon visible. plastic or wood. Some spoons have a hammered or rippled finish that transmits light in multiple directions such as baitfish scales scatter light. walleye. A deep concave spoon will also produce a wider wobble than a flatter spoon. Fishing Spoons The metal fishing spoon lure was believed to be first used back in the 1840's. Thin spoons used for trolling have an erratic wobble compared to thick spoons but thick spoons have advantages as well. Spoons are a simple design. The long standing popularity of spoons results from ease of use as a fish usually will hook itself when it grabs a spoon. the extra weight casts better. A single hook version is also used for minnows. largemouth bass. salmon and trout. this spinner is cast and retrieved. The action of a spoon is based on it's shape and thickness. concave on one side that catches water producing a wobble and light reflecting flash imitating a fleeing or crippled bait fish. jigging and the surface spoon. for trolling of drifting. trolling. Because spoons appeal mainly to the sense of sight they work best on clear or lightly stained water conditions. sinks faster and will run deeper than thinner spoons. muskies. The (top) is a weight forward spinner that is tipped with a night crawler.

This allows freedom of movement for the spoon and will keep the fishing line twist to a minimum. if fished too slow or too fast the spoon will not wobble properly. Ultra sensitive. If you're going to fish an unfamiliar water system and spoons are a part of your lure selection. glow and glitter all to enhance vibrant colors and flash of spoons. as well as in using depth control rigging such as downriggers and dipsey divers. they are: Clickers: Two small willow spinners on split rings located the end of spoon for vibration and noise. For flat line trolling from behind a boat the speed and amount of line out should be the main consideration. blue or green hues to mimic the forage of alewives. Many Charter Captains on the Great Lakes use spoons as their main lure presentation and usually have a couple hundred on board in multiple color patterns (some with creative color names) and size variations to accommodate all fishing conditions. For trolling spoons on the Great Lakes the universal best color is all silver or gold with including combinations of purple. yellow five of diamonds in red with brass back. it would be best to do research with local guides or the fishing pro shop for that lake or river.50’s.gold/brass are your best bet. larger spoons for bass. Each body of water or river system fish will have a tendency to favor a specific color. soft action rods are not recommended as they do not telegraph the fish strike as quickly a fast action rod will accomplish. small spoons for stream trout. Both will work better without too much play at the lure line connection. ciscoes. Your success in using spoons is to immediately set the hook upon feeling a fish bite. black and white with nickel back. Following the same path as crank bait lure companies spoon manufactures have over the years introduced hundreds of new colors patterns and finishes using prism. pike and salmon or vertical jigging for walleyes the preferred choice when casting/jigging spoons is a stiff tipped fast action rod. When casting a spoon anglers will cast 10 to 20 feet beyond the area they believe the fish are and retrieve through the strike zone. On stained or darker water use. holographic. Spoons & Leaders Anglers using casting. and combinations of nickel/silver . weedless or trolling spoons should attach their lines via a leader with a ball bearing swivel and snap or a combination snap ball bearing swivel. In selecting spoon colors to build your tackle assortment. the choices can be overwhelming but some colors have been tried and true over the years. Flippers: A small oblong piece of plastic (red or yellow) for added color attached on the split ring and hook. firetiger with brass back or orange/yellow and nickel combinations. Spoon Colors If you ever had the opportunity to open Grand Pa’s old metal tackle box it would be safe to say you would find quite a few of the traditional red and white casting spoons that where popular back in the 1940’s . Spoon Attractors The main fish attracting component on a spoon is the flash. and smelt. For casting spoons in clear or slighty stained water the classic colors of red and white with nickel back.All you need to know about “FISHING” When casting or trolling a spoon the speed is critical for success. some spoons have additional attractors placed on the spoon or are added by the angler. For surface and jigging spoons the best is to tie directly to the eyelet or snap. Rod Action with Spoons Dependent on the species you're targeting. Trailers: For added color and profile Feathers / Tied Tail / Soft Plastic or Pork Rind. Darseet Garasia Page 80 . you should experiment to find the precise speed for each spoon to perform its best.

you can't beat using a weedless spoon to Darseet Garasia Page 81 . walleyes and pike. Weedless Spoons When fishing in thick cover. walleyes or other open water species.All you need to know about “FISHING” Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spoons and how they are used: Traditional Casting Spoons Stamped metal casting spoons are also known as Traditional or Canadian spoons. All display the distinctive back and forth wobble action as they run underwater based on their oval shaped cupped bodies.. Trolling Spoons Trolling spoons are much thinner and lighter than casting spoons. With the wide fluttering action they are an excellent lure choice for salmon. The most popular sizes are 1/4-3/4 ounce used for bass. They are designed to be fished using a depth control trolling system such as off a downrigger or diving plane. a typical 3" trolling spoon only weighs about a 1/8 ounce which makes them too light for casting. All casting spoons have either a treble or a single (siwash) hook attached with a spilt ring which allows the hook to swing freely as the spoon wobbles. aquatic weeds. trout. wood and logs. pike and lake trout. Casting spoon sizes range from ultra light 1/36 ounce for panfish up to over 3 ounces for big muskies.

but keep in mind many strikes happen on the fall of the jigging spoon as well. Most feature a single hook design welded on the body with a wire guard to prevent most snags. keep the lure moving even if the fish misses usually they will come back to strike again. then set the hook. This is an ideal situation for using surface spoons. As with all surface lures fish have a tendency to miss the lure. Upon a fish strike. never set the hook until you feel the pressure of the fish. Darseet Garasia Page 82 . mainly rubber skirts. Tip the hook with a trailer for added attraction using a soft plastic grub or pork rind. The best tackle for jigging spoons is low stretch line of 12-20 lbs with a medium to medium heavy fast action rod. Keep awatch on your line as it falls. Experiment with different retrieve methods. if it stops or twitches set the hook. Surface Spoons When conditions are right during the summer months. Most surface spoons are made from plastic's with a few in wood with having an added attractor. When cast over heavy matted vegetation the spoon floats with the hook riding upward avoiding being caught up on snags. Jigging Spoons When you locate a deep water school of fish such as walleye or bass on your electronics. Or straight retrieve over and through the cover. Weedless spoons come in 1/4 ounce up to 11/8 ounce. When fishing jigging spoons all of the action is applied by the angler using short jerks to encourage strikes. Jigging spoons are made of metal or tungsten. large predator fish like bass. Try twitching and pausing letting the spoon settle into open holes. When fishing surface spoons point the rod tip directly at the spoon whether you're retrieving straight or using a jerk pause method. are flat.All you need to know about “FISHING” provoke a fish strike. thick and heavy and flash when jigged. one of the best presentations to reach them is vertically jigging. pike and muskies will take refuge in thick cover. They are designed to get down quickly reaching the deep water holding fish.

are weighted by melting a metal substance into a liquid and pouring it in a mold which shapes the head and collar. clear. stained or dark. longer shank hooks are favored for rigging soft-plastic grubs. pink and red for clear to stained water. Jig Hooks The most common hooks used on jigs are the strong wire O'Shaughnessy or light wire Aberdeen. Jigs are a rather simple design and come in wide selection of shapes. Most jig heads are made of lead which gives the lure its weight. Jig heads are available in natural. colors and weights. Another popular metal material for weighting jig heads is tungsten. two tone and glow finishes. Jig Colors When choosing jig head colors one must consider the fishing conditions and type of water. Jigs. Experiment and try various colors until you find the color choice for the day. they're also a good choice when fishing for Panfish and crappies with soft mouths as the light wire will penetrate quickly upon the hook set. with fluorescent chartreuse. with the exception of floating jigs. fluorescent. 3/8. 1/4. green. living rubber and silicone skirts. 1/32. 1/8. worm or lizard bodies. Barbed collars have a small hook to attach and hold soft plastic baits stopping them from sliding down the hook other collar designs include screw locks or wire holders to hold plastic baits.orange and glow for dark water. Jig Weights The main consideration when selecting which jig to use is its weight. 1/2. white. Color of jig hooks includes bronze.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Jigs Many pro anglers feel jigs are the most versatile and productive of all artificial lures. They will work for a wide variety of species in almost any type of conditions. 1/16. light wire hooks are often used in fishing around brush piles and cribs as they will bend and pull free when snagged. the bend in the hook will determine the eye placement on the jig and how it rides through the water. with the most recent popular color red marketed as blood or bleeding hooks. black and gold. Straight collars are used to tie dressings or attach on the jig such as hair. Your selection should be based Darseet Garasia Page 83 . The hook shank length has varying applications. and 3/4 ounces. The most common weight sizes for inland freshwater fishing are 1/64. Hook wire diameter is also a consideration. short shank hooks are mainly used for live minnows. tinsel. Jig Collars The jig collar is positioned directly behind the jig head. In stocking your jig box start out with handful of basic colors: black. tubes. feathers. brown. which is heavier than lead and environmentally friendly. yellow. each for a specific fishing presentation from the smallest at 1/100th oz for ice fishing up to 2oz for Stripers and Muskies. metallic. Strong wire hooks perform well in weedy and rocky areas for bass and northern pike when you need to horse a fish out from cover. A jig hook is bent on the shank before the eye about 60 to 90 degrees.

As the jig enters the water the dressing pulsates upon the drop and will quiver as the jig is hopped along the bottom. Northern Pike and Muskies 3/4 . Most all bass jigs will have some type of weed guard (strands of fiber or plastic) along with an internal rattle. Lake Trout and Stripers 3/4 .1 . but not so heavy that it sinks too rapidly. minnows and amphibians. Darseet Garasia Page 84 . If you're fishing in fast current such as rivers additional weight is required to reach the bottom. which make it more difficult to reach the desired depth. soft plastic.1/16 . Your jig must be heavy enough to reach the desired depth.3/8 . it adds bulk and profile reducing the sink rate in replicating forage such as crawfish.1/8 . The body dressing is usually a silicone or living rubber skirt with some tied with hair.1/2 oz. Here are some common type of dressed jigs: Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of jigs and how they are used: Bass Jigs These are also known as flipping jigs and are a very popular lure for largemouth and small mouth bass. Bass jigs will feature a low profile stand-up head design from 1/8 oz to 3/4 oz. Jigs Dressed Many jigs are dressed by adding hair. River Trout and Salmon 1/16. tinsel. feathers.2 oz.1 1/2 . the heavier weights are used cover fishing largemouths in weeds and for flipping (an underhand toss of the jig to a specific area).All you need to know about “FISHING” on type of fish and water depth.1 . they're becoming the popular choice with many anglers.1 1/2 oz. Until recently the use of pork rind were the standard trailer thus the phrase "Jig & Pig" was born. the lighter weights are excellent for finesse fishing smallmouths. With the many advancements of colors and impregnated scents in soft plastics today.1/8 oz. by increasing the water resistance on the line and lure. As a general rule use 1/8 oz for every 10 feet of water.1/8 . Fish prefer a slow drifting down bait than one that just plummets toward the bottom. silicone or rubber skirts to the molded hook shank. When on the water the same steps should be taken with considering water current speed and wind velocity while fishing. A widely used addition to the bass jig is a split tail trailer to replicate claws of a crawfish. leeches. Wind also has the same affect as fast currents. A suggested jig weight guide line per species: Panfish and Crappies 1/32 .1/4 oz Walleyes and Bass 1/16 .

reapers. when using a split tailed grub or tube hopped along the bottom with short snaps replicates a crawfish. Darseet Garasia Page 85 . Rigging techniques for live bait are simple. scents. The subtle action of a paddle tail on minnow bodies mimics a baitfish when retrieved. walleyes. This presentation will be successful for any freshwater game fish. stripers. always hook the bait. marabou. northern pike. Jigs tipped with reaper flat tail will imitate a leech swimming through the water. The dressing material is tied to the jig collar to form a body they include: bucktail hair. straight retrieved or trolled the tail vibrations resembles a baitfish. tubes. crappies. lizards. With these new soft plastic baits life like patterns and holographic colors have been introduced to imitate the realistic look and flash of baitfish. making the bait feel more natural when the fish strikes. worms and leeches through the head or snout. and lake trout. Dressed jigs also holds fish scent well and can be tipped with live bait as an added attractant. crawfish. Soft Plastic Dressed Jigs Fishing with soft plastic jigs bodies gives the angler countless choices of options from colors. Live Bait Jigs Fishing with live bait jigged slowly at times of the year can be a deadly presentation especially when the water temperature is colder and the fishes metabolic rate reduces making them reluctant to chase faster moving lures. mylar and tinsel which provides a mimicking life like action in the water of minnows and other aquatic life. worms. shapes to types: grubs. By far the most used when fishing a jig and plastic combination is the curly tail grub. leeches and minnow bodies. Recently many new soft plastic baits have evolved by incorporating the jig head into the body of the bait. bass.All you need to know about “FISHING” Tied Dressing Jigs Depending on their size dressed jigs can be used for most all species including: panfish. minnows.

swimming. Floating Jigs As the name of this jig implies they float. bottom bouncer or simple split shot rig. the guard prevents getting snagged on weeds and brush. Floating jigs come in two types hard bodied and soft bodied. The hook guard is made of trimable plastic bristles. For using live minnows the preferred choice is a short shank round and floating head with the option of a stinger hook attachment for short striking fish. they include: Round head. both require using weights or a form of rigging such as: sliding sinker. stand up floating and weedless. Fishing with Jigs Jigs can be a highly effective fishing presentation when the proper set-up (rod. wire or a plastic V shape and are anchored in the jig head facing upwards towards and covering the hook point allowing the jig to ride over and through underwater obstructions. propeller. Weedless Jigs Weedless jigs are an excellent choice when fishing live bait in cover. wobble. reel.All you need to know about “FISHING” Jigs designed for live bait have no collar hook required to hold soft plastic's. line and jig) is Darseet Garasia Page 86 . Other live bait jig options are spinner blades mounted underneath the head to produce added vibration and flash. Floating jigs are used for live bait and are a great choice when presenting the bait just off the bottom on lakes and rivers.

when the jig sinks they watch the line for any subtle twitches signaling a strike or if the line stops indicating a fish is moving upward with the jig. Unlike a spoon or inline spinner. a jig bite most often is very light as the fish inhales the bait usually on the fall when the jig is settling towards the bottom. Many expert anglers use the fishing line as a strike indicator. This will help you feel the bite on the retrieve or when the jig is sinking by keeping the line taut. To optimize the visual of fishing line jig fisherman prefer to use fluorescent colored line over clear monofilament and wear polarized sunglasses improving the line visibility even more. when a fish strikes the lure and hooks itself.All you need to know about “FISHING” used. Suggested Rod & Reel Set-ups Panfish (Bluegills Crappies and Perch) Ultra light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 2-4lb test line Walleyes Light to medium light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 4-6lb test line Bass (Finesse) Medium light to medium spinning action rod and reel spooled with 8-10lb test line (Heavy Cover) Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-17lb test line Northern Pike Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-20lb test line Darseet Garasia Page 87 . To detect strikes more easily jigs should be fished with stiff (fast action) sensitive rod with enough flex to cast your jig along with using the lightest possible line for the species and fishing conditions.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Soft Plastics The evolution of soft plastic baits has greatly advanced over the years virtually giving anglers a wide variety and selection for all game fish. brush and logs. and insects. In using larger plastic’s with hooks buried into the bait that requires a strong hook set for large mouth bass and northern pike use medium to medium heavy bait casting gear spooled with 14 to 20lb test low stretch monofilament line. For muskies that have the largest plastic’s up to and over 1lb use heavy to extra heavy bait casting gear spooled with 50 to 80lb low stretch abrasion resistance braided line. layered colors. crawfish. Many rod manufactures specializes in making powerful fast action rods dedicated for soft plastic fishing. Soft plastic’s will hold scents much longer than hard bodied lures that wash off quickly. As a reference listed below are a few of the most commonly used soft plastics in order to help you identify each type. When a fish strikes a soft plastic bait it feels natural so fish will mouth it longer giving the angler extra time to set the hook. web feet and feelers on amphibians. and flavors. holographic and translucent flash on shad and minnow baits replicating the scales of baitfish. scents. Other benefits in fishing with soft plastics are rigging the hook. Soft plastics offer many advantages over hard bodied lures such as crank baits and spoons that does not have the soft texture as real food. Species such as walleyes and smallmouth bass with a mid sized plastic’s use a medium light to medium spinning gear with 6-8lb test monofilament. lizard. Other significant details of soft baits today in manufacturing is to add life like realistic features like crescent rings on worms and grubs. worm. floating claws on crawfish. baitfish. metal flakes. but yet the hook will penetrate through the soft bait when you set the hook. the point can be buried into the body of the bait where it cannot snag underwater obstructions such as dense weeds. In making soft bait’s the plastic is heated into a liquid form then poured in a mold to replicate the shape. grub. During the bait making process additional ingredients can be added to appeal to the fish’s senses such as. Fishing set-ups with Soft Plastic’s In casting or vertical jigging the smallest soft plastic lures for panfish and crappies use ultra light spinning gear spooled with 4-6lb test monofilament. catalog pages for online and print buyers guides. Darseet Garasia Page 88 . rocks. The popular use by anglers of soft plastics has skyrocketed over the years by the increased number of new products introduced annually by lure companies this is evident with fishing tackle pro shops in store displays. frogs. Another is scents. they can be treated with bottled-paste attractants or purchase them already molded in.

crawfish. Grubs are composed of soft plastic round body either ringed. or using a Texas rig the most common. wacky rig and the drop shot rig. The types ( floating and sinking) and the colors of worms made today are in hundreds of thousands with the multitude of color variations and scents. Worms come in sizes from a few inches for trout and panfish up to 12 inches for bass and pike. ribbed or smooth) affecting the sink rate and the tail (ribbon. split shot rig and Carolina rigs. The most common use for grubs is tipped on a jig. twister. Carolina rig. double curly split tail. The main fish attracting action components of worms are the texture (ringed. jerk worms. or straight) which provides vibrations when the worm is moved. Grubs Fishing with soft plastic grubs has been a longtime favorite among anglers for all species. combined with single curly tail. paddle. Darseet Garasia Page 89 . Grubs come in various lengths from 1" up to 12" and hundreds of colors combinations. tubes. there are two options pre-rigged with a hook or series of hooks. or as a trailer on a inline spinners and spinner baits. lizards. paddle tail. ribbed or smooth. or straight tails for various actions. Grubs are also popular to fish using a drop shot rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” Worms The invention of the plastic worm spawned more variations of soft plastic baits than any other in fishing lure history. In rigging a worm. swim/baitfish all where developed based on the introduction of the soft plastic worm technology back in 1949 by a Ohio luremaker. Grubs.

Carolina Rig. in jigging the tube off the bottom it will appear as a crawfish imitation especially good for feeding smallmouth bass. Upon casting a tube it will display a spiral action on the fall with the tentacles undulating providing a injured baitfish look. for a natural presentation. Tubes range in sizes from 1"-2" for crappies and panfish 3"-6" for largemouth and smallmouth bass up to 14" for big pike and muskies. but others have curly tails and forked tails that give them swimming action. Darseet Garasia Page 90 . Fishing soft plastic baitfish imitations are a excellent choice jigged along the bottom or brought in on a straight retrieve. Most often tubes are rigged using a weighted tube jig placed within the tube’s body or to make a tube weedless anglers use a wide gap hook threading it through the nose and securing the hook into the body on the outer wall of the tube. Determine what baitfish are in the waters you’re fishing and select a profile size and color to match. Tubes Tubes are rounded hollow soft plastic bodied bait open ended with a series of tentacles on the base. Usually the smaller the better. The interior hollow design works well with holding liquid or paste scents.All you need to know about “FISHING” Baitfish Soft plastic baitfish come in numerous sizes and colors to mimic forage fish. Tubes can be rigged as bait using a Texas Rig. or on a drop shot rig. The main body is usually smooth but some have a ribbed exterior. Many soft plastic baitfish baits feature a paddle tail that wiggles when retrieved.

Lizards Fishing with a lizard in the early season especially during the bass spawn is particularly effective. Crawfish soft plastic’s are available from craw trailers to the highly detailed featuring pinchers. antennae. smooth. using Texas and Carolina rigs or tipped on a jig for flipping and pitching. abdomen and tail. legs. Lizards come is a wide variety of colors. scents. they will raid a nest and eat the bass eggs even before the bass guardian has a chance to react. Darseet Garasia Page 91 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Crawfish The soft plastic crawfish or crawdad is a deadly on bass when presented along rocky bottom area’s. floating and sinking. ribbed. Various lizards have a reputation as bass bed robbers. as bass absolutely hate lizards. The main feature of a imitation crawfish is the pinchers when tipped on a jig it gives the bait a realistic defensive posture by raising it's claws that sends bass a signal to feed. The most common fishing techniques are similar to fishing plastic worms.

rounded head and body leading to a soft thin membrane sides. Darseet Garasia Page 92 . Most anglers rig a leech/reaper tipped on a jig head inserting the hook through the head or use a split shot rig and a single hook. The best fishing tip we can offer while using a top water frog is fish slow. Frogs Using a floating soft plastic frog around the lily pads for bass is exhilarating as the bass comes out of the water and engulfs your lure. Summertime bass laying in the weeds aren’t active most of the time. they feel natural with their soft spongy body. The advantages of soft-plastic surface frogs are.All you need to know about “FISHING” Leeches & Reapers Leeches and reapers are a basic variation of a soft plastic grub. so the bass will hang on to the lure longer giving more time for the angler to set the hook. then let the frog sit for a few seconds and repeat. After a cast let the frog sit until the ripples subside now pop or twitch the frog once or twice. The smaller reapers resemble a leech while the larger reapers mimic baitfish. Reapers are a good bait to use on waters that receive a high amount of angling pressure. To change up the presentation upon reaching weed pocket or opening let the frog sit and just barely twitch the frog so just the legs quiver. they are weedless with the hooks positioned against the body. but can be enticed by a easy meal. The sizes start from 3" for walleye and bass up to 12" for pike and muskies.

Today there are hundreds of variations. This spawned a revolution in the 1990’s regarding the soft plastic lure market as larger companies began taking notice and adding larger soft plastic baits to there product line. Fishing with super sized soft plastic’s opened a new chapter and presentation for pike and muskies anglers through out the world. some even weighing 1 lb and 15 inches in length. colors. That changed in the 1980’s when small basement lure companies started producing larger soft plastic lures designed for pike and muskies.All you need to know about “FISHING” Magnum From the 1950’s through the 1970’s the soft plastic bait industry was focused on worms and grubs used for bass. Darseet Garasia Page 93 . combinations of hard bodied soft tail baits.

If you’re caught in rain and have puddles on water in the box remove all tackle. Follow these storage maintenance quick steps to ensure that your gear will be ready to go again when you are: Air Out the Tackle Box Upon return from a fishing trip open the tackle box allowing the lures to dry. as many of today’s soft baits come with scents impregnated into there bodies. Rust on hooks diminishes the strength of the hook and reduces the sharpness. and live bait. leaving the beginning angler a vast array of choices in finding one which is right for them. rusty hooks also stains the beautiful paint finish of lures. wipe out all water. they automatically think of rods. let the lures dry and replace. In the decision process of which tackle box suits you’re needs. Soft plastics through heat. reels. Having an organized tackle box is as important fishing tool as you’re rod and reel set-up. We have witnessed the unfortunate experience of anglers lack of maintenance and care of their tackle only to find the condition poor and unusable upon a preparation for a trip or on the water. Hang the wet inline spinners with hair or hard baits on the side of the box to dry. baits and terminal tackle in one easy-to-find location will enable you to become a more efficient angler. consider the purchase of expensive fishing lures and gear as an investment. spinner bait. When using soft baits for trailers ( a soft bait attached to a hook on a inline spinner. Today. tackle boxes and soft bags come in every size and shape imaginable. but if you stick to the basics. Biodegradable baits if left on will shrink onto the hook the has to be cutoff. dressed jig or a spoon) remove after use. which requires proper care and storage to be used for years to come. sun or a chemical reaction have a tendency to melt on the hook affecting the paint of a spoon or the dressing on a spinner or jig. Darseet Garasia Page 94 . Soft Plastics and Biodegradable Baits: With the popularity of fishing with soft plastics and biodegradable baits we recommend for storing use the containers or bags they were sold in. lures.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Tackle Boxes for Storage When people think of sport fishing. you'll be able to get started with no problems. It only takes a few necessary minutes to ensure proper care and storage. Organize all of your lures. Starting you’re tackle box can seem challenging.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Off Season Tips It is a wise practice every year before the new fishing season or you’re first trip to re-spool new fishing line and grease the reels. from a boat. The size and function of your tackle box should largely depend on your intended use. Fishing Tackle Box Types There are numerous kinds of tackle boxes. After organizing you’re tackle box the last thing you don’t want is the box opening on you spilling your tackle and lures out on the boat. Most tackle boxes are made of materials that is water resistance. Extra Space 4. Any moisture left unchecked can create mold and rust on the hooks. leaders and terminal tackle etc. hook sharpener and extra reels or line spools when the need occurs. dock or in the water. Consider having a extra storage area for gear other than lures. Time to add new lures you heard or read about for the upcoming season as well. Muskie and Northern Pike fisherman will require a larger box to hold lure from 6 inches and up. ventilation and water drainage ports to remove any water that snuck in. consider these aspects before buying: Size 1. A tackle box should be able to handle the wear and tear of fishing and be strong. Once you start to enjoy fishing more regularly. or shoreline. jaw spreaders and bolt cutters) as well as head lamps for night fishing. Over time you will build a collection of successful lures learning what methods and presentations work for each species of fish. Here is a description of the most common types of tackle boxes Darseet Garasia Page 95 . A large drawer type or hanging box is best suited for a boat where as the soft sided carry all is best used for shoreline river fisherman or fly-in trips. Some of the higher priced tackle boxes come with watertight covers. and split rings on lures. Durability 2. Check to see where the box closes and if water can still in. weight and mobility should be a factor. Water Resistance 3. you will find out the most productive lures and the one’s that are not. Replace any rusty hooks. make sure it closes tight. sinkers and bobbers. Fishing Tackle Box Features In selecting a tackle box. hooks. It’s also time to wipe clean and organize the tackle box. Tackle boxes with metal latches hold better than all plastic. each having its own special advantages and design features. When buying a new box test the latch. while panfish anglers require a smaller box to hold terminal tackle and smaller lures. The other consideration is where you fish. go through and organize the terminal tackle. It’s nice to have and you don’t forget the release tools (pliers.

Many anglers own several of these types set-up for species specific fishing presentations. fit well into limited areas and are light weight allowing the angler mobility and quick access to there gear and lures. Many anglers use the hip-roof tackle box as their home storage and use smaller trunk tray boxes for day trips. Darseet Garasia Page 96 . Trunk tray boxes are usually smaller.All you need to know about “FISHING” Trunk-Tray Type Box: The trunk type tray box is the most popular and is usually the first anglers box or received as a gift. This box has a long hinge cover when opened one two or three trays that accordion outward over the lid which lays flat. However for long trips or if you wish to take along you’re complete tackle selection the hip roof box are great. Hip-roofed boxes provides a large amount of organized storage with multiple compartmented trays giving the angler easy access and visibility to their tackle once opened. Dependent on the size the lower half of the trunk-tray box generally is deep enough for extra storage. when opened both sides have tackle trays that also accordion outward leaving a large bottom compartment for additional storage. Hip-Roof Type Box: The hip-roof type of box is a modified trunk-tray box.

Extra storage is a plus on drawer type boxes with a large cover storage or a single bottom drawer.to two-sided openers. Satchel Type Box: These briefcase type boxes come in a variety of styles and sizes. from one. drawers can be identified by lure type so you know before opening the drawer. They make excellent tackle boxes in putting together separate lures and gear for a day on a lake or river trips. They also are good for wet weather fishing with the exception of opening the drawers everything will stay dry. From organizing your tackle. it sits vertically and the drawers slide out. Satchels are versatile from small lightweight models that carry a dozen of lures or panfish terminal tackle up to larger models that handle dozens of larger lures. where space is limited. release tools. flashers and dipsey divers) hook sharpeners. and have smaller specialty utility boxes for day to day trips. trolling tools (dodgers.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drawer Type Box: Drawer type boxes are a good choice when fishing from a boat. Darseet Garasia Page 97 . flashlights etc… As with all large tackle boxes some anglers prefer to use the drawer type box as their home storage. for storing reels. The see through sides allow you to identify lures instantly.

view color selection.bass & pike . having six to eight will be more versatile for bass. This makes it easy for easy access. The hanging box are available from magnum boat boxes. small portable over the shoulder carry on and boat seat slip over pedestal types. waterproof and give the angle total flexibility to hold a variety of plastic utility boxes along with having numerous storage pockets for extra reels fishing tools and a camera. while two may work for panfish and crappies. live bait rigs or snells with storage for bottom bouncers and bait walkers. tightly woven padded material or clear uv-resistant polycarbonate (Lexan). A sturdy waterproof material is mandatory that resists punctures and tears. utility boxes can number anywhere from two to six or more.Walleye crankbaits. Depending on the dimensions of the bag. If you’re crappie fishing no need to take the pike or bass gear. Now you can build component boxes per each species: panfish . Check to see if the straps and handles have reinforced stitching providing toughness and strength. this helps when carrying to the boat or along the shore. When making a decision to purchase a soft side bag bigger is better. The interior features a set of removable dividers or a grid of square compartments made of colored plastic or clear polycarbonate (Lexan) with slots to hang lures by the rear hook.trout and muskie and use the soft side bag as the carry-all. eliminates tangled hooks and allows wet lures to dry. and with foam tubes inserts ideal for wrapping crawler harnesses. Hanging Type Box: The hanging box has become popular by Muskie anglers as the box of choice for storing extra large lures.All you need to know about “FISHING” Soft Side Type: Soft side bags are becoming the most popular tackle storage systems in the fishing world today. The convenience that soft side bags offer the angler is take only the boxes you need for that day. The exterior case are available in waterproof plastic. pike and muskies. Darseet Garasia Page 98 . Bass spinnerbaits. Make sure the shoulder straps are padded. The design of hanging type box also works well for Great Lakes trolling spoons. They are lightweight.

Angler Any person who fishes with a rod and reel or cane pole. Alley Area’s in weed beds that lack weed growth. catching one fish at a time using a hook. Anti -Reverse Reel locking system that prevents back reeling. Anadromous Fish that live most of their adult life in saltwater but spawn in freshwater. Adipose Fin A small fleshy fin on a salmon's back between the dorsal fin and the tail. Anal Fin A single fin located beneath the tail near the vent. Darseet Garasia Page 99 . Alkalinity Measurement of the percentage of acid neutralizing bases. A Active Fish Fish that are striking and feeding actively. Angling Sport fishing for enjoyment. articles. All members of the salmon family have them. Algae A aquatic plant organism. publications as well as online fishing discussion forums.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Glossary We have assembled definitions on common and not so common types of fishing words. Aerator Powered air infusion pump adding oxygen to water. Auger Used for ice fishing to drill holes through the ice. Adaptation Biological adjustments to the fish environment. phrases and terms used in written fishing reports. Augers come in gas powered or manual back power.

Bait Fish Main forage feed for game fish. Backing Line Baitcasting / Trolling /Reels Monofilament line tied between dacron or the new super braided lines to prevent line slippage. Basic Fish Needs Security. Bait Casting A type of reel mounted on the top of the rod with a level wind revolving spool. Bay A shoreline major indentation on any type of water system. Belly Roll A action using minnow or glider type lure by rolling exposing the belly flash. Ball The weight attached to a downrigger cable for depth controlled trolling. Barb The spur found on the point of fish hooks. Bait Restrictions Limitations to the type of bait sport anglers may use. Bag Limit State Natural Resource Department set limit on number of game fish caught daily. Darseet Garasia Page 100 . Bail The metal semi circular bar located on a open faced spinning reel that retrieves fishing line. Bar A lake structure consisting of a long hump or ridge. Bite When a fish strikes or takes your bait / lure also known as a hit and strike.All you need to know about “FISHING” B Backlash Overrun of fishing line from reel spool when casting. Fly Reels Nylon or dacron line tied between the fly line and the reel to act as additional line if a longer length than the flyline is required to play a fish. food and reproduction area’s.

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Blades Main fish attracting component found on inline spinners, spinner baits, buzz baits, tail spinners. Blade Baits Weighted flat metal lures used for vertical jigging. Blank Description for a unfinished fishing rod with out guides or handle. Bobber The bobber also known as a slip, cork or float serves two angling functions: A surface strike indicator and a controlled depth presentation using live bait or lure. Bobbin Tool for holding a spool of thread while tying flies, inline spinner and spinner bait tails which allows the thread to be dispensed with a controlled tension. Boga Grip Trade name for a fish landing, handling and weighting tool. Bottom Bouncer A fishing rig made of stiff metal wire with a weight and formed as a number 7. Used to present live bait or artificial lures on the bottom minimizing snagging on structure. Break / Break Line Description of abrupt change in depth, bottom type, weeds, or water clarity. Bream Term used for Bluegill / Sunfish. Bronzeback Term for Small Mouth Bass. Brushline The inside/outside edge of a brushpile. Brushpile Structure either manmade or by nature consists of downed trees, limbs and brush. Bucket mouth Term for Large Mouth Bass. Bucktail A inline spinner tied with Deer, Squirrel hair or Synthetic dressings on hook. Bulger Inline spinner with two blades also referred as twin blade and double blade. Bullet Weight A lead or steel slip sinker shaped as a bullet. Mainly used in front of soft plastic lures: worms, lizards and crawfish for bass.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Bumping The act of making contact using artificial lures such as crank baits or jigs on lake structure (logs/rocks) or the lake bottom to entice a strike. Buzzbait Similar to the spinner bait used on the surface with a propeller replacing the blade. Buzzing A type of fast or quick straight line retrieve, also called ripping, burning and bulging. Lures used buzz baits, spinner baits, inline spinners and surface lures.

C

Cabbage A common name for the submerged aquatic plant from the Potamogeton species. Carolina Rig A fishing rig used to present the lure on the bottom. The set-up is first a barrel slip weight typically ½ oz or more is threaded on the line then a swivel is tied as a weight stop, on the other end of the swivel a leader is tied from 16” to 34” to the lure. To add sound place a glass bead behind the weight before the swivel this will click upon the weight hitting the bead. Carrying Capacity The number of species a specific areas habitat can support. Catch and Release Sport angling for fish and releasing them back immediately. Some areas allow sport angling, but require release of fish, in these areas, specific types of tackle is required. Caudal Fin The tail fin. Channels The bed of a river or stream also found on flowages and impoundment lakes. Chromer Term used for steelhead or a rainbow trout. Chugger Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when pulled. Clarity Refers to the amount of visibility of viewing underwater objects or your lure. Cold Front Refers to a weather condition when a high clear sky front moves in dropping the temperature.

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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Contact Point A term used to regarding any lake structure that provides fishing action. Such as a bar, rock pile or weed edge. Controlled Drift Known also as drift fishing, when a trolling motor, oars or drift sock is used to control a drift along structure or direction. Colors Term used for number of color segments of lead core line. Coontail A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Hornwort species. Count Down A fishing technique by counting down a lure to fish a specific depth. Count Down Lures Weighted lures than sink approximately one foot per second. Cove A small indentation on a shoreline. Cover General term used describing any type of lake structure natural or manmade that game fish relate too. Crankbait Refers to a minnow imitating lure with a diving lip or lipless. Creatures General term used for fishing with soft plastics imitating: Lizards, Crawfish, Water Dogs, Frogs and Tadpoles. Creel Fish basket or personal fish carrier used to carry fish when fishing on or near shore. Creeper Surface lure straight or jointed with metal wings mounted on sides that provides a unique plopping sound. Used on calm water. Crib A manmade underwater fish shelter, constructed from logs 6’ x 6’ square with brush inside. Placed on ice in winter for positioning. Crimp On Fastening sleeve used on steel and nylon leaders. Cross Lock A type of snap tied directly to fishing line or as a component on a leader.

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that can be caught in one day. Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid. The downrigger is a winch-type mechanism that feeds cable off a rotating reel through a guide system along an extension arm. Daily catch and possession limits Daily catch limits is the amount of fish. Dorsal Fin The large single fin located along the back of fish. Deer Hair Body hair from deer which is used in many fly. shows bottom type. Depthfinder A electronic device using sonar that measures the depth of water. weeds. fly and inline spinner hook dressing to add flash and color. structure. Graph. and suspended fish. Possession limits refer to how many an angler may have in possession while in the field or during transport. Dodger A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. By lowering the weight (ball). inline spinner dressings to supply body and floatation. The fishing line from an independent rod is attached to the release mechanisms on the downrigger cable. Flasher or LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). D Dabbling A fishing technique in which the angler works the lure up and down “Dabbling” in the same spot for a period of time. Crystal Flash Trade name for a synthetic stringy material used in many streamer. you can drop the line down to the desired depth. A weight is attached to the end of the cable and the line release is attached to the weight. A footage counter is connected to the reel unit to indicate the specific amount of cable that has been released.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crustacean ( Crayfish ) A aquatic animal with a segmented body and outer shell. Disgorger A hook removing device that removes deeply embedded hooks from fish. The dodger is flat attractor with bent edges that sways back and forth to mimic a feeding salmon. At the desired depth the reel is locked into place. Also known as a Fish finder. Downrigger Used specifically for constant trolling depth. by species. Dipsy Diver The dipsy diver is a circular trolling diving device attached to the fishing line that will enable to send lures down to a set depth and out to the side of your boat. Darseet Garasia Page 104 .

and eutrophic (very productive and fertile). Esox Term used for describing a Muskie / Musky. Drift Sock Used for controlled drifting or trolling is in effect a underwater parachute when deployed slows the boat drift rate or trolling speed. Mainly used on Lake Erie. Also known as boat brakes. Drop Off A sudden vertical drop in water depth.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drag A braking device on fishing reels that allow line to feed out preventing breakage when the reel is engaged playing a fish. E Ecosystem A complex ecological community or environment that contains organisms (eg. Ethics Personal code of conduct based on respect for one's self. currentcompensators. plants. can freely exchange dissolved gases such as Oxygen. animals. The extent to which this process has occurred is reflected in a lake's trophic classification: oligotrophic (nutrient poor). and your surroundings. The hook is usually 16 to 24 inches above the weight and hangs at 90 degrees with the hook point up rigged with soft plastic worms or grubs. Darseet Garasia Page 105 . Drop Shot A fishing rig used primarily for bass fishing. mesotrophic (moderately productive). Carbon Dioxide with the atmosphere. bacteria) interacting with one another forming a functioning whole. boat-positioners. Epilimnion The upper. This water is turbulently mixed throughout at least some portion of the day and because of its exposure. wind-mixed layer of a thermally stratified lake. Edge Effect Where two habitat types join together resulting in increased diversity for vegetation and wildlife. others. Estuary The mouth of a river where fresh water meets and mixes with salt water. and sea anchors. A hook tied directly to the line using a palomar knot leaving a tag end for the bell weight attachment. Erie Dearie A trade name for a weight forward spinner blade with single hook using a night crawler. wind fighters. and the resulting increase in plant and algae. Eutrophication The process by which lakes and streams are enriched by nutrients.

Figure 8 Technique used on triggering fish to bite upon the completion of a cast. Finesse Fishing A fishing technique by using very light tackle. The figure eight is drawing a sideways eight in the water with your rod tip.All you need to know about “FISHING” Eyes Term used for describing a Walleye. Farm Pond Manmade body of water. Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid. Flipping A underhand casting technique placing a lure to a precise spot in a quite manner. Flat Underwater area with lack of structure. Darseet Garasia Page 106 . The flasher is flat attractor with bent edges that rotates 360 degrees to mimic a feeding salmon. Feeding Cycles / Times Best fishing times of the day or night associated with the positioning of the sun and moon and are related to a solunar chart for major and minor feeding periods. F Fan Cast Systematic series of casts covering a specific area. Flasher A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. Sunrise. Fillet Removal of bones and skin from flesh of fish to prepare for cooking. Flat Lining A trolling presentation by releasing line and lure off the back of the boat. Fatheads A commercially sold minnow as live bait used for most gamefish. Fish Hair Synthetic hair used in tying streamers and flies. Feeder Creek Tributary to a stream or river. Sunset.

Fly Fishing Fly’s and Streamers An artificial lure hand tied using natural animal hair and feathers to mimic insects. Floating Line A fly line design to float on the surface of the water along its entire length. Flowage A water system developed by the use of a dam for flood control. Fly Line A weighted line which is cast out onto the water to deliver the fly to the desired location. Low lying area’s. Can be found in many densities and tapers. although dry shake crystals have recently been found on the market. Used with a weight to present live bait off the bottom. Florida Rig Similar to a Texas rig for Bass with the weight attached (screwed on) to the lure Flashabou Commercial name for a colorful synthetic filament material used in fly tying for adding flash to streamers. 7-8 feet long Float A term also for bobber. Darseet Garasia Page 107 . Floatant Material applied to flies and leaders in order to cause them to float on the surface of the water. larva and other stream forage. used as a strike indicator for live bait fishing. Used behind flashers and dodgers to represent salmon and trout forage. Forceps A surgical tool used to remove hooks from fish. Typically sold in liquid or paste form. Fly Casting The process of casting a fly line out onto the water. existing lakes and rivers are generally used to develop a flowage. Floss Material for tying flies. Fly Great Lakes Fly’s Tied using synthetic materials for color and flash. inline spinners as well spinner baits. Floating Jig A jig hook wrapped with a floating material of hollow plastic or foam.All you need to know about “FISHING” Flipping Stick A type of rod designed and used for flipping. Typically used for dry fly fishing and shallow water nymphing.

There are no subscription fees or setup charges to use GPS. minnows. Gear Ratio Measurement of number of times a reel spool revolves for each turn of the handle. Gill Plate A bony protective flap that covers the gills. mayfly larve nymphs and zooplankton. Glider Term used to describe a Muskie / Northern Pike type minnow lipless lure. wind and barometric pressure. As fish swim into the net they are caught on there gill plates.S. Department of Defense. Fry Life stage of fish still very young." Front Any weather system that has a effect in changing temperature. 24 hours a day. crawfish. Gills The lungs of a fish. GPS (GPS) Global Positioning System is a satellite-based navigation system made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit by the U. G Game Fish Fish that are fished for as sport and subject to regulations of take. Gill Net A net either pulled behind a boat or set from shore with floats on top and weights on the bottom to make it hold it upright in the water.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fluorocarbon A type on monofilament (clear) fishing line or leader material. frogs. standard 100-yard spool of lead core line. Full Core Ten colors or a full. The GPS system make it possible for people with ground receivers to pinpoint their geographic location in any weather conditions. Darseet Garasia Page 108 . Forage Any type of indigenous food for game fish. A glider travels through the water on a horizontal plane moving side to side by using a cadence pull retrieve. FOW Abbreviation for "feet of water. rain. anywhere in the world. as water flows across the gills the oxygen within them diffuses into the fishes blood and is carried though out of the body.

Hook Cutters Tool used to cut hooks from fish for releasing. Darseet Garasia Page 109 . Head Lamps A battery powered flashlight type attachment on your hat or headgear for night fishing. Also called bolt cutters. Grubs A short soft plastic worm with a swimming/curlytail used on jigs. Holding Area Term used for structure that habitually holds game fish. water. Hard Mono A type of leader material made from monofilament line. Hook Hard wire formed into semi circle with sharpened point and barbed. or plain hooks.All you need to know about “FISHING” Graph Term used to describe a paper recorded depth finder. Hawg Term used for large fish. Half Core Five colors or "half" of a standard 100-yard spool of lead core trolling line. Must provide adequate food. Hatchery A facility where fish and raised for stocking. Grayline A depth finder feature that allows the angler to distinguish between hard and soft bottom content. Greaser A term used for a Lake Trout. H Habitat The area where organisms live. also helps separate fish and important structures on or near the bottom from the actual bottom. shelter and space. Honey Hole Term used for area that constantly produces fish. Holographic Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape. Grubs comes in hundreds of colors and shapes.

habits and history. Hump Underwater area higher than the surrounding area. brush pile or crib. Invertebrate An animal without a backbone. Hypolimnion The bottom. and most dense layer of a stratified lake. Isolated Structure Stand alone fish attracting structure can be a hump. Inactive Fish Game fish that are non feeding caused by weather / temperature changes. area. It is isolated from wind mixing and typically too dark for much plant photosynthesis to occur. Hypothermia The rapid and abnormal chilling of the body. or fluctuations in water levels. I Ichthyology Study of fish. Northern Pike. J Jaw Spreaders A catch and release tool made from hard wire coiled to hold the mouth of a fish open in removing lures or hooks. structures. Inside Bend Term for the inside curve of structure also called inside turn. their classification. such as insects. Invasive Species A species is regarded as invasive if it has been introduced by human action to a location. Mainly used for large game fish Muskie. Darseet Garasia Page 110 . or region where it did not previously occur naturally. It is typically the coldest layer in the summer and warmest in the winter. Inline Spinner Straight wire lure with blade (s) a weighted body and hook dressed or undressed.All you need to know about “FISHING” Horizontal Movement Distance of migrating fish movements remaining at the same depth. downed tree.

erosion or wind. Lake Zones Categories used to describing water zones: Shallow. Leader General The leader is the connection between the main fishing line and the lure. rubber skirts and soft plastic’s. nylon Darseet Garasia Page 111 . Larva Sub surface stage of development of an aquatic insect. Deep. Jig-N-Pig A bass lure using a jig dressed with a rubber skirt and a pork rind or plastic trailer attached to the hook to mimic a crayfish. Open Water. There are two categories of jerk baits soft plastic’s jerks and hard minnow type jerks. L Lake Modifications Environmental elements on water systems that causes changes. Jigs come plain undressed or dressed with hair. Made from steel wire. Jig A hook with molded weight attached in lead or steel. droughts and flooding. First and Second Break lines and Basin. marabou. Hard jerks are used for most all species including the larger jerk baits for Muskie and Northern Pike. Jointed Lures Any lure that has a single or multiple pieces that are joined together. K Keeper Term used for game fish that exceeds the minimum set size limit. Lateral line A system of sense organs in fish: a series of pores or canals running along a line on each side of the body and on the head. Laydowns A log or tree that has fallen into the water caused from beavers. in the water. detects pressure changes. Soft plastic’s jerks are used primarily for bass. including vibrations. Ice and wave erosion.All you need to know about “FISHING” Jerk Bait The name jerk bait refers to the retrieve the angler uses by short pulls or jerks.

releases hold the fishing line until a strike from a fish. Line Guides Rod rings in which the line is held on a fishing rod.wire/nylon/mono and a swivel. Comes in 100/200 yard spools used for depth controlled trolling. Logjam A collection of downed trees usually found by shore. Live well Aerated storage compartments found on boats for keeping the caught fish alive. Clip on and tension held are the most popular. Light Intensity Refers to the amount of sunlight that can be measured at certain depths of the water column. Lead Core Line Lead covered braided line colored every ten yards for metering purposes. Darseet Garasia Page 112 . Used for most game fish when available during the fishing season. but can be assembled by tying successively smaller diameter sections of monofilament.All you need to know about “FISHING” or heavy monofilament the purpose is to minimize bite off’s from game fish. Lipless Crankbaits Minnow or shad type lures. Often purchased as a tapered section. fishing line is attached directly to the lure. Line Releases Used on planer boards and downrigger weights. bays or backwaters on rivers caused by current. Lindy Rig Trade name for a popular live bait bottom rig using a walking sinker a line stop with a length of line attached to a hook or floating jig head. Lentic Still water systems such as lakes and reservoirs Life Vest Personal floatation devices (PFD) to be worn while boating to keep person afloat if overboard. some have internal rattles. Lotic Moving water systems such as streams and rivers. Fly Fishing Section of line used between the flyline and the tippet. Leeches A commercially sold live bait known as ribbon leech not the blood sucking variety. Limiting Factor A biological limitation to a self-sustaining fish population. The components of a leader is a snap . Action is a tight vibrating wobble.

Perforated floating bait buckets can be dropped over the side of a boat or dock to allow a constant flow of fresh water. Migration Patterns Established patterns or paths that game fish use moving one area to another Minnow Bucket A metal or plastic live bait container for minnows. This layer contains the thermocline but is loosely defined depending on the shape of the temperature profile. For solid bait buckets. Minimum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protect smaller fish. Fish not meeting the minimum size must be released. Moon Phases Moon times or phases are considered by anglers best fishing times when the fish are feeding. Metalimnion The middle or transitional zone between the well mixed epilimnion and the colder hypolimnion layers in a stratified lake. the best is three days prior and after the new of full moon. Darseet Garasia Page 113 . Milfoil A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Myriophyllum species. Fish at or above stated size must be released. Minnow Trap Minnow traps are cylindrical. on a stream. Known as a invasive plant species Mono Abbreviation for monofilament line. a batterypowered aerator will keep bait alive all day. They work on the principle that a small fish will swim into the trap to find food and is unable to find the way out. There are four phases of the lunar cycle. Marabou used today comes from young turkey feathers dyed in many colors. double-ended wire or plastic mesh funnels that narrow in the middle. Lure Any artificial bait used to attract and catch fish. Suspend the trap near a dock. Maximum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protects larger fish. The first and second quarter of the moon is rated as good fishing. M Marabou Used for hook dressing on fly’s.All you need to know about “FISHING” Lunker Term used for large fish caught. inline spinners and spinner baits. The ball slowly breaks up providing fresh bait for long periods. or at the head of a pool where the current slows. Minnow traps are baited with a sticky mix of oatmeal or cornmeal rolled into a golf-ballsized clump.

N Night Bite Term for active fishing at night. Pegging Placing a tooth pick in slip weights in order to fasten to the line. Pectoral Fin The paired fins located just behind the gills along the abdomen. upon stopping the retrieve the bait will remain at that water level. Their function is to help the fish stop and turn. landing fish. used on most game fish Neutrally Buoyant In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. O Off Color Refers to water color such as stained or dark water. Pattern A repetitive series of location and presentations that consistently produces fish. P Paper Mouth A term for crappie. Oxbow U shaped bend in a creek or river. Outside Bend Term for the outside curve of structure also called outside turn. Night Crawler A earth worm used as live bait. bait nets and as floating live wells. Darseet Garasia Page 114 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Mud Minnow A commercially sold minnow as live bait used on most game fish. Nets Nets serve multiple purposes for fishing.

Poppers Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when popped. and serve as food for fish and other larger game fish. planer boards are flat made from plastic or a dense floating foam with a beveled edge. water with less than 7 is acidic. keeping the board on the line. LCD’s display the water below by dividing the screen into thousands of pixels. Pit Old mine that filled with water. A rating of 0 to 14 is used. Polarized lenses may also react adversely with liquid crystal displays LCDs depth finders in reading the display screen. Pocket Small opening in weeds or indentation on a shoreline. Pick-Up Term for soft bite or lite hit from a game fish. Point A outcropping or finger of land projecting into a water system. A pixel is short for picture element a single point in a graphic image. Upon a fish strike the board will release to play the fish. Planer Boards Used for trolling. On Great Lakes rigging a single release is used and a snap. Plankton Small or microscopic plants and animals that float or drift in great numbers especially at or near the surface.All you need to know about “FISHING” PFD Abbreviation for Personal Floatation Device or Life Jacket. Pitching A fishing technique by under handing a lure to a designated spot or area. Polarized Sunglasses Polarized sunglasses reduces glare from the sun and allows the angler to view into the water. They are attached to the fishing line by the use of a line release ( clip on / tension clip). arranged in rows and columns The pixels are so close together that they appear connected. PH Meter A meter to measure acidity or alkaline. PH A measurement for liquids to determine acidity or alkaline. They work on the principle blocking the horizontal polarized light reflections by the vertically oriented polarizers in the lenses. Pixels Found on LCD liquid crystal depth finder display screens. Darseet Garasia Page 115 . Used for flying fishing and bass. In purchasing a LCD depth finder the higher number of pixels the better screen resolution and clearer images. Using planer boards allows the angler to run mutltiple lines by planning the boards off each side of the boat.

water depth. Riprap A man made stretch of boulders and rocks to prevent land erosion attracting many game fish. An artificial reef is man made built for the purpose of promoting a underwater ecosystem in areas of generally a featureless bottom. Q Quick Strike Rigs A fishing rig of multiple hooks placed on live bait in order to set the hook upon a strike of a fish. retrieve or trolling technique which makes a successful presentation. structure. R Rattles Small metal balls used on inside of lures to create sound. Prism Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape. Found mainly on reservoirs. squirmin tail. Used primarily for ice fishing and muskie fishing with suckers. Darseet Garasia Page 116 . Red Worms A earth worm mainly used as bait for sunfish and perch. Red Tail Chub A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike and Walleyes. Ripple Tail Type of flat tail made on soft plastic lures that ripple or undulate in the water. Lure types and color. Post Front The weather after cold front moves through bringing clear blue bird skies and cooler temperatures. Reservoir A type of water system that is developed by the use of a dam. impoundment and flowages. Also called curly tail. swimming tail. and squirrelly tail.All you need to know about “FISHING” Pork Rind Made from pig skin pork rind attach as trailers to lures for added action. natural such as rock piles or sand that vary in size and depth. Presentation A term encompassing all elements in catching fish. Reef Any submerged structure protruding off the bottom.

liquids and jellies applied to lures to mask the human odor and attract game fish. Single Strand Leader A leader component made from a single steel hard wire. the bottom of the net is drawn shut to trap the fish. Scoop Made in metal or plastic. Short Strike Term for missed fish or short bite. inline spinners. salt. anise. used for Muskie and Northern Pike on jerk baits and gliders Darseet Garasia Page 117 . Rubber Core Sinker A type of elongated sinker with a rubber core to attach ( twist on ) fishing line. Rough Fish Fish not considered sport fish and generally not regulated. After the school is surrounded. minnow to spices.All you need to know about “FISHING” Rosy Reds A commercially sold minnow as live bait available in the winter months for ice fishing. crawfish. Search Lures Lures used in a quick presentation such as fan casting a areain order tofind aggressive fish. crank baits. a handle with a strainer type scoop to clean ice fishing holes. shad. and spinner baits are generally used. Sanctuary Area’s where fish are protected by the state Natural Resource Department. S Saddle Lake structure that narrows and opens to a wide area. cherry and garlic. Scents come in numerous different flavors or odors ranging from forage scents. Scents also are impregnated in manufacturing of soft plastic lures. Used on soft plastic lures. Seven Strand Leader A type of leader material using seven strand flexible wire. fruits and vegetables. Seine A net laid out in a circle around a school of bait fish. Scents Also known as fish formulas and attractants are marketed as sprays. Shad Tail A type of tail on a lure that shakes back and forth.

Slough A narrow stretch of water such as a creek of stream off a lake or river system. Size Limits Fishing regulations which limits anglers to keep fish based upon size. Slider A trolling rig by attaching multiple fishing lines to a single down rigger cable and weight by using sliding releases. A snubber is a length of surgical tubing with a swivel attached at both ends. Once they take in the bait they can pull the line through the sinker eye not feeling any resistance which would cause them to spit out the bait. made from lead or steel.All you need to know about “FISHING” Sinking Line A flyline design to sink below the surface of the water for getting a wet fly or streamer down deeper. rocks or on the bottom. Slow Roll A fishing retrieve by slow rolling a spinner bait or weedless spoon over cover. Slip Sinker Any sinker that fishing line passes through. The slip bobber is used for deep water live bait presentations mainly for walleyes and crappies and panfish. the snubber stretches out to absorb the impact and then retracts. Slip Bobber A fishing rig component that uses a float/bobbermade of wood or dense foam around a hollow tube. A slip sinker rig is well suited when still fishing the bottom for light biting fish such as walleyes. Darseet Garasia Page 118 . Slot Limit Fishing regulation which requires release of fish within a listed size range (or slot). wood. When a fish strikes a trolled lure. Snubbers Used on trolling rigs from the Dipsy Diver to the leader. Snap A rigging component used to connect the lure from a leader or directly to the fishing line. Can be found with different sink rates for different fishing styles Sinkers Any type of weight used for fishing rigs. Slit Refers to the lake bottom content also known as muck. Inside the tubing is a coiled piece of heavy line. Soft Plastic’s A category classification of any lure made from soft plastic’s. in which the fishing line slips through to a line knot/stop above the weight and hook. weeds. Ski Short term used for describing a Muskie / Musky.

Used as bait on a drift fishing bottom rig. Stick Bait Darseet Garasia Page 119 . Spinning Reel A open faced reel mounted underneath the rod. Spinner Bait A safety pin styled lead head wire blade (s) lure with a single hook dressed with rubber skirt hair or soft plastic’s.All you need to know about “FISHING” Soft Tail Lures Hard bodied lures incorporating a soft plastic swimming or shad tail. The line is retrieved in a spinning fashion over the bail. Splash Tail A surface lure with a bell shaped metal tail attached on the end that flaps side to side also known as a flap tail. Spawning Reproductive activity of fish. Usual lengths approximately 4 to 5 feet. Split Shotting A finesse rig by using a small split shot above a single light wired hook using live bait or small soft plastic’s. Spawn Sac’s A effective bait used for Salmon. the act of releasing eggs into the water by female fish for fertilization by male fish. Stained Water Refers to water color caused by minerals tree roots or drainage. Spoons Considered one of oldest lures used in fishing. spoons are made from metal with hooks attached. Spawn Sac’s are made from fish egg’s or roe tied together in using a fine mesh netting. Steelhead and Trout when spawning occurs in streams and rivers. Spincaster A closed face spinning fishing reel mounted on the top of a rod employing a push button release for casting. Spring Fed Water system that is supplied water through a underground spring. Split Ring A lure component (wired ring) connecting the hooks to the lure. virtually used for all game fish with thousands of varieties and colors. Split Shot Type of round weight made from lead or steel that is pinched on fishing line. Spud A ice fishing metal chisel to clean frozen over holes.

The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop.All you need to know about “FISHING” A lipless slender plug or topwater lure that is given action by the angler manipulating the rod and reel. Suspending Lures In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. Structure Underwater structure is basically all solid objects rising from the bottom of a lake or river that isn't part of the actual bottom as in tree’s. T Darseet Garasia Page 120 . Swivel A rigging component with many uses. Walleyes and Muskies. making the bait go back-and-forth to resemble a wounded baitfish. which is called "walking the dog. Stink Bait Home made or commercially bought stink baits are concoctions of ingredients that produces a unique aroma that attract catfish and carp. Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front. Suspended Fish Fish that relate to open water away from structure. Swimming Lures Any type of lures that are designed to swim as a baitfish by providing a wobble. old bridge pilings and fence posts. vibrate or wiggle motion. Suckers A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike. upon stopping the retrieve the bait will suspend at that water level. brush piles. Strip On’s A old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner. Swivels acts as a line stop and rigging connectors for bottom rigs also connects the fishing line to a leader to prevent line twist." Stick-Ups Any above surface stationary structure such as tree stumps or limbs. Stringer A steel or nylon cable with or without snap hooks to keep fish. Stinger Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called trailer hook. cribs and rocks which creates habitats for feeding fish. Also called Neutrally Buoyant Lure. Stragglers Term used when a school of fish move and a few stay behind.

To rig a bullet weight is threaded on the line then a hook is tied. Tail Gunner A muskie rig by attaching a combination of a single hook. These are areas underwater where warmer layers of water meet cooler layers. Tip Down Used for ice fishing a tip down is made of wood or plastic. Tippet The monofilament section of the fly rig between the leader and the fly. Thumper Tail Lure A jointed surface lure with a rotating rear section using a metal cupped tail blade. crawfish and lizards. turn the hook and insert the point back into the lure with out exposing the point of the hook. this is the themocline and where fish are often active. push the hook to the eye. weights swivels. Upon a fish strike the rod will follow a downward motion indicating a fish strike. split rings. Terrestrial Term used to describe land-based insects which are often food for fish. The function of a tip down is a rod holder and a strike indicator.All you need to know about “FISHING” Tackle Box A container that stores fishing equipment in a organized manner for transporting and protecting the tackle from the weather elements. Texas Rig A weedless bottom rig used on soft plastic lures. Terminal Tackle A category classification for rigging components such as: hooks. snap swivel and blade to a soft plastic lure or live sucker to add attraction and color. Test A measurement of fishing line strength as stated on the label. Darseet Garasia Page 121 . Used on soft plastic worms. baitfish hang just above the thermocline. Tinsel A metallic filament used in lure tying to provide flash and color on great lakes flies. Generally. Tail Spinners A tear drop weighted head jig with a blade mounted on the tail used for vertical jigging. shaped as a H with a base. snaps. To make the rig weedless insert the hook about 3/8 of a inch in the front of the lure. and bobber stops. while larger game fish are found suspended in or just below it. The ice fishing rod is held on a tip down balancing on a pivot rod at a 45 degree angle upward maintaining depth control of the bait. Taper Underwater structure gently slopes downward. inland stream flies as well as bucktails. Thermocline During the summer months lakes stratify into layers.

Transition A term used when describing changing of water bottom conditions such as hard to soft. Trolling boards allows the angler to run multiple rod set-ups by placing sliding releases on the connecting line. Tributary A stream that flows into a larger stream. Darseet Garasia Page 122 . The tip up rig is placed over a ice fishing hole on the cross piece with the metal tube turned vertically and placed in to the water. Used for controlled drifting / casting and boat positioning. Topper Lure A straight top water lure with propellers in front and back. Used for all game fish. Trolling Board A trolling board are either single ordouble in make up. rigged with a jig or hook inside.All you need to know about “FISHING” Tip-Up Used for ice fishing a tip up is a set rig using a cross piece of plastic or wood with a spring loaded wire and flag attached. Trolling Motor A electric small fishing motor powered by marine batteries. mounted on the bow or stern. Triggering The act of causing a fish to bite / strike a lure or live bait. Trolling A fishing method where fishing lines are pulled behind a boat to attract and catch fish. Trailer Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called stinger hook. Upon a fish strike the reel will turn moving the trip rod releasing the flag. The amount of line used is held by the trip rod using the metal wire with the flag. Topwater Lure Any lure that floats on the water also known as a surface lure. They are drawn through the water by a connecting line from the boat or mast to the board itself unlike a planer board that is connected to the fishing line. weeds to rocks etc… Also used in fish migration context. Treble Hook A three pronged hook used on most all lures. Centered on the cross piece is a metal tube filled with anti freeze attached to a reel on the bottom and a trip bar on top. Tubes A hollow bodied soft plastic lure tipped with tentacles. The retrieve used is “Walk the Dog” using short cadence snaps making the lure move side to side. Torpedo Lure A top water lure shaped as a cigar or torpedo.

Favorite bait for panfish used year round. the larvae are milky white or light tan about 3/4" in length. raising the water's oxygen content. or a Gore-Tex-like material. Walk the Dog A fishing retrieve used on the surface by snapping a torpedo type lure with short cadence snaps to move the lure side to side. or destination (latitude/longitude) that can be stored in memory to be recalled and used at a later time for navigation purposes. However. Vise The tool used to hold a hooks or lures in place while tying or building lures. This allows wind and wave action to mix the entire lake. Vest A piece of clothing used to hold various tools. spot. warming may occur too rapidly in the spring for mixing to be effective. fly boxes and other equipment while fishing. especially in small sheltered lakes. nylon. V Vertical Movement Up and down movement of fish through water columns also a fishing technique by jigging. It's shape also prevents it from rolling and the streamlined shape resists snags. Waypoint A GPS term for location.All you need to know about “FISHING” Turnover Fall cooling and spring warming of surface water act to make density uniform throughout the water column. Darseet Garasia Page 123 . the act of popping a minnow type lure on the surface to sub surface creating a erratic motion of a distressed baitfish. Mixing allows bottom waters to contact the atmosphere. Twitching A fishing retrieve. Walking Sinker Used on bottom rigs made from lead or steel The walking sinker is designed to pivot on it's heel and let the line slide through the eye. Waxworms The wax worm is the larvae of the wax moth. Typically made of neoprene. Can be insulated to supply warmth. W Waders Protective outer clothing used to keep the fisherman dry when standing or float-tubing in water.

or transition of the bottom type. Weedline A weed line or weed edge is caused by a change in depth. fiber or plastic guards over the hook. Z Zooplankton Small or microscopic animals that float or drift in great numbers in water. Darseet Garasia Page 124 . Wire Line Used for deep water trolling. wire line is available in single wire or stranded made of copper and nickel-copper alloy and stainless steel. Worm Harness A fishing rig using a leader with multiple single hooks for night crawlers along with a combination of blades and or floats. The basic components are a bell sinker with a length of line to a three way swivel connecting to the rod and a short leader to the hook. lizard or crawfish. jig or hook minimize snagging on weeds or wood by using a wire. Worm’n A bass fishing technique using a soft plastic worm. and serve as food for fish and other larger organisms. Wobbler A international term used to describe a jointed plug or crank bait. Cast drop and drag slowly.All you need to know about “FISHING” Weedless A term used to describe making a lure. especially at or near the surface. Wolf River Bait Rig Popular river bottom fishing rig named after the river it is used on.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Darseet Garasia Page 125 .

All you need to know about “FISHING” Darseet Garasia Page 126 .

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