All you need to know about “FISHING”

November 1, 2012 Compiled by: Darseet Garasia

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Darseet Garasia

Page 1

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Fishing Rods & Reels
In determining a fishing rod and reel one must consider the species you are fishing for along with the type of lure or live bait to be used. For instance your rod and reel set-up should match the fishing presentation. If you're pursuing panfish using light lures or small minnows your outfit should be lightweight for casting and detecting bites, not a heavy baitcaster for pike or bass. There are five main basic categories of fishing rod and reel combinations, and within each there are multiple sub-categories of specialty types of outfits used for specific fishing applications, for example Walleye fisherman use rod and reel set-ups for slip bobber, slip sinker, jigging and trolling. Bass fisherman carry pitchin', flippin', crank baiting, and soft plastics combo's. Muskie anglers have bucktail, jerk bait and top water outfits. In short, fishing rods and reels have come a long way over time, with new space age materials having been developed for rod construction making them longer and much lighter as well as reels with multiple ball bearings and one piece alloy and graphite frames.

Fishing Rod & Reel Combinations:


This is the preferred set-up for the inexperienced angler. Spincasting outfits are excellent in teaching the beginning angler and children the mechanics of casting. The spin cast reel is mounted above the rod with the reel spool enclosed with a nose cone cover, this prevents line snarling and backlash's that are associated with bait casting reels. Casting is a simple task, the angler presses and holds down a button on the rear of the reel, this disengages the line pick-up pin, upon the forward cast the line comes off the spool. Once the crank handle is turned the pick-up pin is engaged retrieving the line on the spool. Spincast reels have low gear ratios as a result of the size of the spool, which makes it difficult to fish lures that require a fast retrieve such as: inline spinners, spinner baits and buzz baits. When purchasing a spincast reel consider selecting models with anti reverse and smooth drag system versus the inexpensive all plastic models with sticky drags that result in broken line. For rods buy fiberglass their durable will hold up from abuse.

Darseet Garasia

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crappies. Tighten the knob until it feels snug. tie on your lure and reel it to the tip of your rod. In the early years of bait casting reels the angler used their thumb to control the amount of line travel as well as to prevent the spool overrun or backlash. when casting the angler moves the rod backward then snapping it forward. For successful casting the most important setting is the casting brake. High and Low Retrieve Speed along with anti-reverse handles and line drags designed to slow runs by large and powerful gamefish. Baitcasting outfits are considered the standard when using heavier lures fishing bass. (The casting brake is the small knob located in the center under the reel handle side) To set the cast control. Spinning outfits operate best using fairly light weight limp flexible monofilament fishing lines and are used for bluegills. BAITCASTING: Baitcasting outfits are excellent for many kinds of fishing. and or a magnetic 'cast control' to reduce spool overrun during a cast and resultant line snare called a birds nest. the line is pulled off the reel by the weight of the lure. the line is drawn off the fixed non rotating spool and not against a rotating spool such as a bait casting reel. Hold the rod at the 2 o’clock position and slowly turn the knob counter clockwise until the lure starts to fall. The design was of a fixed spool reel mounted below the fishing rod with a mechanical pick-up (wire bail) used to retrieve the fishing line. All bait casting reels are mounted above the rod. Push the casting release button. The Darseet Garasia Page 3 . Your lure should not move. In casting a spinning reel the angler opens the bail. then using a backward snap of the rod followed by a forward cast. The anti reverse feature prevents the crank handle from rotating while fighting a fish allowing the angler to use the drag. Spinning rods have large fishing line guides to minimize line friction upon casting. pike and muskie. grasping the line with the forefinger. Because of this lighter lures can be used where the weight of the lure does not have to pull against a rotating spool. and come in a wide variety of options and types: Round and Low Profile. Let the lure hit the ground and watch the spool.All you need to know about “FISHING” SPINNING: Spinning reels where commercially introduced in 1948 by Mitchell Reel Company of France. Today all quality bait casting reels have a spool tension feature for adjusting the centrifugal brake. perch and walleyes.

Coastal saltwater anglers use wire lines made of stainless steel. Trolling is a form of angling where lines with hook-rigged lures are dragged behind a boat to entice fish to bite. they can be intimidating but you can learn with a little time and effort. Baitcasting reels offer the angler a wide variety of fishing line options ranging from the new super lines (Braided Low Stretch) to copolymer "Fluorocarbon" and nylon monofilament. If the spool does not spin after the lure hit’s the ground. FLYCASTING: The art of fly fishing has been documented going back for hundreds of years dating to ancient times. Baitcasting rods have also evolved from the older 5-6 foot pool cue rods to 7-9 foot lengths used today allowing increased casting distance and accuracy. Trolling rods range from long and limber for downriggers and planer boards to stiff for large crank baits. tighten the cast control knob and repeat the procedure. Trolling can be as simple as just letting line off the reel with an attached lure known as flat lining or using rigging systems such as a downriggers. If it spins more than one revolution. In learning the casting technique we recommend practicing on land with a plastic casting plug. Trolling is a productive fish catching technique by presenting multiple lures covering a lot of water. TROLLING: The term trolling not only reflects the type of equipment. Loosen the knob and repeat the procedure. it is also illegal in some area’s of the country so please check your local fishing regulations. Muskie & Pike anglers use low stretch braided super lines for trolling large plugs and spinners.All you need to know about “FISHING” spool should not spin more than one revolution after the lure hit’s the ground. Overall bait casting outfits are best suited for the experienced angler. Inland freshwater anglers use monofilament and lead core for walleyes and salmon. Trolling reels are designed to offer the most versatility when it comes to fishing line options. an on/off line release lever and a line out alarm (Clicker) other options are a line counter allowing the angler to replicate the amount of line used on successful fish catching patterns. The spool line capacity on trolling reels is greater than bait casting reels to accommodate heavier fishing line that is used for long line big water trolling. titanium or a combination of metal alloys to prevent toothy fish from severing the line. but a commonly used method of fishing. All trolling reels have three basic features: star drag (Line Braking System) on the reel handle for fighting large game fish. ( See our trolling section for more rigging information). as the trolling reels are mounted above the rod. the cast control is set too tight. Darseet Garasia Page 4 . planer/trolling boards and dipsey divers. Trolling outfits are very similar to bait casting set-ups.

Fly rods are sized (matched) by the weight of the fly line from size #0 rods for the smallest freshwater trout and panfish up to and including #16 rods for large saltwater game fish.For a properly balanced outfit hold the rod with the reel attached on the fore grip (the handle above the reel) by using a few fingers. not the lure. You will have problems casting and it will take away the sensitivity from the rod tip in feeling a fish strike. Darseet Garasia Page 5 . For the less experienced angler this can be somewhat confusing. or curve cast and the tuck cast. The angler starts by stripping line off the reel with one hand while whipping the rod in a series of back a forth motions over the shoulder. Early fly reels often had no drag systems just a clicker that was used to keep the reel from overrunning the line when pulled from the spool. The angling method of fly fishing is casting a fly or streamer consisting of a hook tied with fur. If you use a reel that weighs too much for the rod it will feel butt heavy. Newer fly reels have incorporated disc type drag that allows the angler the adjustment range using the combination of the rod and reel to control large game fish in powerful runs. flexible fishing rods originally made of split bamboo. the rod should sway back and forth and stay somewhat horizontal not completely moving forward or backward. The fly line. Fly fishing reels are mounted below the rod with the basic design of line storage. determines casting. reel and fly lures as well as receiving lessons on casting. Fly lines are available in a variety of forms varying from tapered sections (double-tapered. what kind of fish will you be catching? What is the average size. What pound test line is best suited for the fishing application. thin.feathers. others are single and double haul cast. For the best performance from your reel. minnows and other aquatic creatures. For the more proficient caster using the same set-up a spinning reel is best. a reel that is too light for a rod will make it feel tip heavy. The goal is to present the fly lure in such a way that the line lands smoothly on the water’s surface and appears natural. The fly lure is non-weighted for which the fly rod uses the weight of the fly line in casting the fly lure. the most common is the forward cast. or other lightweight materials to mimic insects. These answers will narrow down your search and aid in purchasing the proper reel. Before we compare the features of fishing reels here are some pointers that will help you determine a list of requirements for the best type of reel to use. The main objective is to load the rod with stored energy then transmit that energy to the fly line allowing the angler the acceptable amount of casting distance. First. As a general guideline the lighter the line and smaller the game fish the best reel choice for the novice anglers and children is a spincast reel. weight-forward. but now are constructed from man made composite materials (fiberglass. and angling technique? Will you be casting lures using live bait or trolling. the angler used their hand as a line brake known as palming when fighting a fish. As the targeted species gets larger requiring heavier line and lures a conventional reel or bait caster will be the better choice. roll cast side. Fishing Reel Features: In selecting the right reel for your style of fishing there are literally thousands of different reels on the market today to choose from. if not change reel sizes or rod length to achieve a balanced outfit. shooting-head) level (even through out) as well as floating and sinking types. Other casting techniques are false casting. There are several types of casts in fly fishing. carbon/graphite and boron/graphite) ranging from 6ft to 14ft in length. If you're considering fly fishing we highly recommend that you seek professional guidance by visiting your local fly fishing pro shop in selecting the rod. used to cast a fly lure without landing on the water. Conversely. foam.All you need to know about “FISHING” countless articles have been written regarding legendary trout stream fishing or for European salmon. attached on the end of the fly line is a leader of monofilament or fluorocarbon fishing line called a tippet in whichthe fly lure is tied to. by fishing for a length of time your wrist will tire by trying to hold the rod upward. The correct angle is 10 o' clock to 2 o' clock. Fly rods are long. the reel must be balanced with your rod.

many of them are universal and found on all types of reels. Most baitcasting reels today have anti reverse as a standard feature. Spinning reels have an anti reverse on/off lever that will allow the angler the choice of engaging the drag or back reeling when fighting a fish. machining & bearing qualities ) as comparing to other reels in determining which is the smoothest. The concept of the drag is letting the line unwind in a controlled manner off the reel when a fish pulls so hard that the line is in danger of breaking. For larger game fish some bait casting and trolling reels use a additional anti reverse gear along with the bearing this adds security if the bearing can not handle the strain of hard running fish. CASTING CONTROLS: (BAITCASTING) All quality baitcasting reels come with built in casting control systems that help determine how fast the spool is spinning when casting. The deciding factor when it comes to purchasing a new reel should not be limited to just the number of bearings but the overall performance. Baitcasting/Trolling/Spincast reels use a star-shaped wheel located on the reel handle called a star drag. It is still advisable to apply light thumb pressure on the spool in order to prevent a backlash. The drag feature is a tension setting applied to the spool of the reel. It is the generally thought that the greater amount of bearings in a reel the smoother the operation and the higher the cost. The centrifugal casting control is located on the reel handle side and his adjusted by turning the knob forward or backward. The magnetic control braking system is located on the other side with a numbered position dial to increase or decrease the amount of magnetic force applied to the spool. depending on the model some have one some have both and are either externally adjustable or internal. Spinning reels have two types of drags . The drag should be set tight enough for a hook set. adjustments are made by turning the wheel to the proper tension. This is the fine tuning feature found on more expensive reels that works with a internal transfer braking mechanism. at the beginning of a cast (with the increased RPM‘s) this mechanism rotates out towards the braking magnets to slow the spool which helps reduce backlashing. (smooth cranking. think of it as a clutch or line braking system. not the type or quality of the bearings. The drag uses a set of multiple disc washers that compress when pressure is increased or relaxed when decreased. The front Darseet Garasia Page 6 . but loose enough to come off of the fishing reel easily. In other words a 2 ball bearing reel machined with tight tolerances and high quality factory sealed stainless steel bearings will perform longer and smoother than a reel with 6 ball bearings made of brass. these descriptions will help you identify and understand the ideal reel for your angling needs. Front drags are generally smoother than a rear drag.front drag and a rear drag. High quality reels that feature the number of bearings on models followed with a single number such as 7+1 indicates a anti reverse bearing which with tighter machining tolerances provides the angler with a "no play in handle" giving the angler complete control during stop and go retrieves and solid hook sets. Reel companies only list the total number of bearings for the reel. While no bait casting reel is considered backlash free even with all of the casting features to help control the spool casting speed. BALL BEARINGS: All conventional fishing reels contain either ball bearings or bushings built within the reel to operate the spool smoothly.All you need to know about “FISHING” Listed below are the features and components that make up fishing reels. These systems are centrifugal and magnetic. ANTI REVERSE: The anti reverse function on fishing reels is so the handle does not turn backwards when the line is pulled from the reel as the drag is used. DRAG: All types of fishing reels have a drag system. But one must consider that the amount of bearings does not necessarily mean that the reel is smoother than others with less.

which if not properly done will usually pile up in the center of the spool. LINE COUNTERS: This reel feature is found exclusively on trolling reels. For instance a high speed reel with a 6:1 ratio will make 6 revolutions versus a low speed reel at 3:1 with 3 revolutions per each turn of the reel handle. LEVEL WIND: Found on most baitcasting and trolling reels as the name implies. High speed reels are better for working lures quickly when the angler seeks speed for "burning" bucktails. clicking off numbers as the spool revolves. Digital line counters provide the same line usage reading as the analog but can also be programmed for Darseet Garasia Page 7 . you should be fine. back off the drag tension setting. Analog and Digital. Another tip to reduce reel maintenance. Another alternative is a two speed reel that the angler can shift from high speed to low speed with a simple push or pull of a button. Leaving drag settings tight will cause the drag washers to become flat reducing the tension ability. Analog line counters resemble car odometers. spinnerbaits. Lever drags allows the tension to be adjusted in more precise smaller increments which supplies a smoother fish fighting performance. Rear drag spinning reels may offer convenience and ease of use. GEAR RATIOS: All reel manufactures list the gear ratio on their products.All you need to know about “FISHING” drag features larger. Reels with the range of 5. The gear ratio refers to how many revolutions the spool of the reel makes per one complete turn of the reel handle. This indicates the line rating set by the manufacturer for 8-12 lb test line to work correctly without either stressing parts or making it difficult to use. and lipless crank baits. and large muskie baits. when storing your reels for a extended amount of time. This offers the angler the convenience of not manually guiding the line on the spool.1 are the best compromise if purchasing a single reel.Pull the line with your hand. on larger round bait casting reels the line guide will follow the line when casting. In cases where you hook a exceptional sized fish the drag should be adjusted (increased) as you feel the size of the fish. but they normally don’t stand up to big fish and demanding conditions like front drag reel models. As a rule always check your drag before your first cast. By varying the pound test line on the reel such as placing 40lb on a reel rated for 8lb-12lb will give you an inadequate amount of line due to the increased line thickness making the reel difficult to cast as well as increasing the stress and eventual failure on the drag (By setting the drag too tight) With the advent of new fishing lines with increased lb test and reduced diameters we still recommend that you follow guideline placed on the reel by the reel company. Lever drags are a available feature on high end (expensive) trolling and baitcasting reels. On low profile and smaller round baitcasting reels the line guide will remain in its' position when casting. Generally low speed reels are best suited for lures that require a slow presentation and greater cranking power such as crank baits for bass and pike. if you have a decent amount of resistance. LINE CAPACITY: Printed on the reel or it's package is a guideline of the amount of fishing line that the spool of the reel will hold. This chart is based on the use of monofilament line and will look like this: 8/(175) 10/(155) 12/(130) the first number is the lb test followed by the amount of yards. Dipsey Divers and Trolling Boards) There are two types of reel line counters. The rear drag uses applied pressure on the drive shaft. the level wind feature automatically places the line evenly or level across on the spool upon retrieving the line. multiple disc drag washers on the spool that offer a higher level of performance and durability. It allows a reference by which anglers can consistently return a bait to the same depth or distance from the boat when flat line trolling or rigging (Downriggers.

boron and carbon. but place a specialty rod in the hands of an experienced fisherman in presenting a certain bait or lure and with their knowledge of fishing it will give them the edge in catching more fish. Each of these materials has its advantages and disadvantages. which can break or crack under torque. Due to the nature of a spinning reel's design. for the recreational angler the catch rate will not increase based on having a specialty rod or rods. when switched off it is in free spool allowing the angler to let the line run off the reel using a bait or lure. preventing the line to become entangled with in the reel housing. There are two common materials used. elongated "long cast" spool design. some manufacturers have introduced one-piece graphite frames. machined anodized aluminum and graphite. worm. pitchin. they are heavier. Many conventional baitcasting reels are also constructed in the same fashion. resulting in greater casting distance. their bodies are composed of multiple pieces. Always disengage the clicker when retrieving or casting. For big water heavy duty fishing large baitcasting and trolling spools are made from metal. Spinning reels today feature a "skirted" spool that overlaps the reel frame. In theory. FISHING RODS: Fishing Rods have evolved over the years. They are mainly used for presenting live/cut bait on the ocean and freshwater muskie fishing using suckers. Line counters are also very useful on how much line is left on your reel after a fish makes a run. crank baits. Graphite-bodied reels are light and corrosion resistant. SPOOLS: When selecting a reel the material type and design of the spool should be a point of consideration. With this development of the rod materials came the specialty rods.All you need to know about “FISHING” differences in line thickness accounting for impressive accuracy. fiberglass. Other skirted spinning reel spool options offers a choice of a standard spool. flippin. the newer long-cast spool design allows for reduced line friction. On many baitcasting aluminum spools holes have been drilled in to reduce the weight while increasing casting distance. bamboo and cane poles to rods using steel or fiberglass to the rods of today using graphite or composites of graphite. A simple on-off switch is used in the free spool mode. This design increases the overall integrity and strength of the reel. trolling. yet they normally don’t offer the same strength and durability as die-cast or forged aluminum fishing reels. ON / OFF FREE SPOOL LEVER: On trolling reels there is a simple on/off lever that when switched on engages the reel for retrieving the line. or a shallower. used and developed by tournament and pro anglers. using bronze or stainless steel that will offer the strength and capacity required for specialty lines such as heavy dacron or wire used for trolling. REEL HOUSINGS AND FRAMES: Most reel housings and frames are constructed of either aluminum (die-cast or forged) or graphite. while maintaining the lighter weight. Darseet Garasia Page 8 . top water etc… the specialty rods are a specific tool. reels made of anodized aluminum are generally stronger and more durable than the graphite models. rods designed for a fishing technique or lure such as jigging. however. however. Of the two the anodized aluminum spool offers greater strength and durability than graphite spools. Always keep your thumb on the free spool to control the amount of line released to prevent a backlash. Line out alarms are available on baitcasting and spinning reels. LINE OUT ALARM: This feature is a audible alarm alerting the angler of a fish strike also known as a clicker or bait alarm. jerkbait. from the early days using natural materials with fixed fishing lines such as sticks.

rocks. 5‘-6"-6‘-0" Spincast Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight Test Line Rating 4lb-8lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and Walleye. top water) Darseet Garasia Page 9 . 6’-6"-7’-0" Baitcasting Rod Power: Medium-Medium Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight 3/8 . 7‘-0" Spinning Rod Power: Light Action: Soft Lure Weight 1/32 . you will be able to cast farther feel structure. inline spinners. jerk baits. With the numerous rod selections available today here’s a few suggested basic rod buying tips that will cover multiple fishing presentations. 7’-0" Spinning Rod Power: Medium Light-Medium Action: Moderate Lure Weight 1/8 . gliders. crankbaits. the more responsive it will be. spinner baits. crank baits. often as quietly as possible. weeds and the most important feel fish strikes. tubes and mid weight lures 1/8-3/8oz. the better the rod the more sensitive it will be.1/8oz Test line rating 4lb-6lb Fishing: Panfish (Crappies Perch Bluegills) and early season Walleye spooled with 4lb test monofilament for Float(Bobbers) with live-bait.3/8oz Test Line rating 8lb-12lb Fishing: Walleye and Bass spooled with 8lb test monofilament for live bait and soft plastic bottom rigs. Good combo set-up for children and novice anglers for easy casting and bobber fishing. Spooled with 6lb test. small jigs and light lures 1/16-1/8oz. jigs.1 oz Test line rating 10lb-17lb Fishing: Bass and Northern Pike spooled with 12lb-15lb test monofilament with a leader primarily for heavier artificial lures 3/8-1oz (spoons. topwater) Length: 7’-0" Type: Baitcasting Rod Power: Extra Heavy Action: Fast Lure Weight: 1-3oz Test line rating: 25lb + Fishing: Northern Pike and Muskies spooled with 50lb-80lb braided line with a leader for presenting heavy lures 1oz and up ( inline spinners. Part of being a better angler is the ability to place your lure/bait exactly where you want it. and a good rod will definitely help you accomplish this.All you need to know about “FISHING” As the old cliché states: "You get what you pay for" For the recreational angler we recommend spending as much as your budget allows. spinner baits.

Most all quality rods today are built using graphite and have become the preferred choice for rod blank builders. along with being strong and powerful to handle larger game fish. soft plastic worms or twitching minnow/shad shaped crank baits for bass and walleye. along with reaction lures such as crank baits. which is vital for light biting fish. sensitive and flexible. Rods with high graphite modulus ratings tend to be brittle and need to have a secondary chemical added on the blank to increase the strain/strength rate. The other term that rod companies use to identify a blank style is IM with a following number such as IM6 or 7 and currently up to 10. the cloth is measured to determine the amount and stiffness to weight of modulus fibers. spinner baits and spoons for bass and pike Darseet Garasia Page 10 . For high performance rods the combination of fiber strength. The IM rated rods are not regulated by industry standards or an indication of quality but rather a trade name for particular graphite produced by the Hexcel Corporation. Fiberglass is also a very good choice for children starting out in fishing where durability is an issue. they're extremely light. being assured that the higher the IM ranking the higher the graphite quality of the rod. walking top water lures or a cadence retrieve on gliders and jerkbaits.All you need to know about “FISHING” ROD MATERIALS: Fiberglass: Fiberglass rods have been popular since the 1950’s taking over the era of steel rods. Action ranges from extra fast where just the tip flexes to slow or softer where the majority of the rod flexes. Some anglers use fiberglass when fishing crank baits for the slow action and muskie anglers use fiberglass in cold weather for quick strike rig sucker fishing where the rod sensitivity is not required but the toughness (setting the hook especially in very cold weather and not breaking the rod) is needed. graphite comes in what looks like sheets of cloth. Ideal for slip bobbers/floats live bait for walleye fishing because the fish is less likely to feel resistance from the soft tip and drop the bait. at least you can compare the rods built by the same manufacturer. If your shopping for a new rod don’t base your decision solely on the modulus rating. in terms of performance and features fiberglass does lack the sensitivity of the newer rods today made from graphite and weighs more. Since some rod companies use the IM designation ratings to refer to their rod blanks that are not supplied by Hexcel. resin and cross-scrim construction (overlapping layers to achieve exceptional strength and action) are more important than the modulus count or rating. For instance. Heavier fast action rods are used for Muskies & Pike in burning bucktails. in other words how much the rod bends when you put pressure on the tip and how far the rod flexes. but is noted for it’s toughness and soft/moderate action. ROD RATINGS: ACTION / POWER Action refers to the flex characteristics of a rod. The moderate action rod is the most common choice due to the versatility of fishing applications. in casting a moderate action rod it will bend for about half of it’s length which will provide more casting distance and still have the capability for a adequate hookset. Fast action rods are the best choice when the fishing technique requires the sensitivity of feeling light biting fish or when fishing for large game fish in heavy cover and weeds where the key is to setting the hook fast with just a snap of the wrist moving the fish’s head up and away. resin toughness with the amount of fiber. The first is "modulus graphite rating". the higher the rating the better the rod. In marketing graphite rods a few common terms have been developed to associate the quality of the rod. This is called a composite blank. The benefits of graphite rods are many. GRAPHITE: Graphite rod building started in the 1970’s and has continued to this day. fast action light rods are used for jigs.

and when fighting a fish the energy/ stress on the rod is dispersed though out the entire rod blank. muskie. etc… some rod companies use a numerical system 1-10 with 1=Ultra Light-10= Extra Heavy. Alconite. Another factor to consider is the fishing presentation. single and double foot. medium heavy. light. Quite often anglers get confused with rod power ratings and action. and heat definitely doesn’t help when it comes to fishing lines. Some rods use line guides made of all stainless steel wire instead of inserts. Slow or Soft Action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. Graphite is lighter and more sensitive. HANDLE / REEL SEATS: The combination of a quality rod handle and reel seat are as important as the rod blank itself. These are found on heavy to extra heavy power rods used for larger game fish. durable. as they ensure distance on the cast. this allows the use of very light line. It is important to follow the line test guideline limits printed on the rod since a heavy power rod will snap light lines too easily and heavy lines can snap a light rod. The technology of rod guide designs has improved dramatically over the years from the old metal guides and the classic agate inserts of earlier rods. Single foot guides adds less weight on the rod and help retain sensitivity. Depending of the rod power rating line guides are available in two different styles. medium. Less friction means longer casts and less heat. and are also popular for drift fishing spawn sac’s on trout and salmon streams. The overall purpose of the rod line guides manufactured today is to provide less friction along with reducing the line fray and wear in the guides during the cast. There are varying grades of cork based on the rod’s cost. which will spring back even if they're bent flat unlike the stainless guide that will break. the flex of the rod is considered the action. the higher the rod price the better quality of cork used. The double foot line guides are used when sensitivity is not required but strength is as they are wrapped twice on the rod blank. Silicon Carbide or Hardloy. The rod’s power rating is closely related to the suggested line strength. this offers a smooth surface for the line to pass over. Darseet Garasia Page 11 . Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish. Most of the new guides today are made of two parts: a metal frame (stainless) attached to the rod blank and some form of a insert (inner ring) using Ceramic. on open water where hard to see light line is used for walleyes and crappies use a lighter power rod. The reel seat is where the reel is attached to the rod and constructed of graphite and aluminum or both. POWER: A rod’s power describes how much a rod will flex under a load also referred as a rod’s "backbone". The newest line guide introduced is made from titanium wire. pike. Composite cork is made by combining a mixture of cork particles and resin. but they are not as smooth as rods using inserts. these are used for mainly ultra light to medium power rods. Cork is the preferred choice on rod handles as it is lightweight. Another alternative is cork tape to achieve the look of cork. The rod handle is also referred to as "grips" and are located below and above the reel seat. and bass in weeds and cover will require a strong power rod using heavier line. this combination is more durable than using straight cork. the higher amount of guides the better. these guides are lighter reducing the overall rod weight. keeping the line from touching the rod.All you need to know about “FISHING” where the slower action will not pull the lure out of the fish’s mouth. As a example the power rating is listed on the rod. ROD LINE GUIDES: These are the circular loops affixed to the rod and run the length of the rod blank. Some reel seats offer a cutout that allows direct finger contact on the rod blank for greater sensitivity. power ratings are usually described as heavy. while aluminum is stronger. The total amount of line guides on a rod are a important feature as well. These rods are used for panfish especially for the paper thin mouths on crappies so the hook is not ripped clear on hooksets. and transmits rod vibrations even when wet better than synthetic materials using EVA foam. The concept is simple. The thickness and type of rod material will determine this.

visibility. Wire line used on copper and stainless steel are also braided forming stranded lines Thermally fused lines are made of dyneema/spectra that is twined or clustered together to form a single line. It Darseet Garasia Page 12 . uniform quality and thinner diameter) which increased the popularity with the fishing community. upon hooking a fish and landing the fish is the key to a successful catch. dyneema. Here is a breakdown of each fishing line by type: Monofilament: In 1935 nylon was discovered by DuPont. Modern day fishing lines are made entirely from artificial materials including nylon. spectra. Today monofilament is the most commonly used fishing line accounting most of the line sold today. spectra.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Line & Leaders Fishing line is by far the utmost important fishing equipment component for anglers. fluorocarbon or copolymer fishing line. No brand of line is perfect for all fishing conditions. and lead. as the line is the direct connection between the fisherman and the fish. dyneema. dacron. made public in 1938 as a new invention. this created a group of synthetic super polymers that are commonly used in textile manufacturing today. breaking strength. flexibility. the size and species of fish along with the type of fishing presentation and the most important matching the line to the tackle (rod-reel-lure-bait) used. Over the next two decades improvements where made (added flexibility. melting and mixing of polymers which is formed into a strand through a die forming monofilament. wire. knot strength. Understanding each of the line types and when to use them will increase one’s fishing success. Yet many anglers are not aware about the new types of lines available today each with it’s own special use and qualities including stretch. polyvinyl chloride. The manufacturing of fishing lines vary from using a extrusion process. Braided line is made by braiding or weaving man-made materials such as fibers of dacron. diameter and abrasion resistance. polyethylene. In choosing the best line for the type of fish being targeted one must consider many factors. Using the proper line in presenting lures or live bait. In 1939 DuPont began making nylon monofilament fishing line that was primitive by today’s standards (stiff and heavy) as braided line was considered still the popular choice by anglers.

For casting lures around cover and rocky area’s abrasion resistant lower stretch clear line is recommended. leaders are stiff and very expensive. battery acid or DEET (common ingredient found in insect repellents). which means if the line is stored on a reel for a extended amount of time it will form to the shape around the reel spool. Monofilament is best used on shallower water presentations than deepwater fishing due to it’s high stretch and water absorption factors resulting in loose knots and lack of sensitivity. U. on clearer water clear or green is preferred. as it is available in a selection of colors: red. However. It is also almost invisible underwater with a light refractive index of 1. storing your rod & reel outfit in a garage / shed over the hot summer months or leaving it outside exposed to the heat sun will deteriorate the line making it weak and brittle.6. It can be spooled on spinning. It is inert. anglers began using fluorocarbon leaders. logs etc. because fluorocarbon does not absorb water. on discolored water they favor fluorescent. the light passes through the line not reflecting back. and willingly spend more money to do so. primarily in saltwater and fly fishing applications. docks. The other is the combination of sun or heat. When this occurs in casting it will come off the reel in loops or coils. where the Japanese are extremely detailed about the presentation of their bait. It caught on when anglers reported catching more fish with it. Walleye and bass anglers use colored mono line when fishing jigs and soft plastic’s to detect strikes by watching the line. to create a polymer that can be formed by molding. Fluorocarbon: Fluorocarbon fishing leaders originated in Japan.All you need to know about “FISHING” offers the angler versatility. gasoline. proper additives and attention during the manufacturing process as the premium grade lines receive. Non-absorbing. conversely live bait fisherman like thin flexible translucent mono for a natural presentation. green. a common element that is chemically bonded with carbon. extrusion or other heat processes thus the name fluorocarbon. so it resists deterioration by the sun and most chemicals found on fishing boats such as. if the line has developed a chalky type film it is time to be replaced. They pride themselves on their ability to do this. Now. Fluorocarbon is a polymer consisting of fluorine. meaning it is heavier than water and sinks. A density of 1. as the cheaper brands don’t receive the quality control. stiffness and abrasion resistant qualities. With all of the options monofilament offers there are some line maintenance to follow.42 the same as water. Ultimately.S. blue. it will not weaken or increase in stretch like monofilament fishing lines Darseet Garasia Page 13 . Abrasion resistant against rocks. baitcasting and spincast reels. application of fishing line technologies has produced more flexible fluorocarbon at affordable prices. another common element. yellow. The Japanese fish under heavy pressured conditions and make every attempt to make their presentations as real and lifelike as possible. which will enable lures to dive deeper and faster than monofilament fishing lines. for the same reason the Japanese were using it – low visibility. clear and fluorescent along with degrees of flexibility. Finally in buying monofilament line stay with the known recognized brands than the cheap off brands bulk spools. All monofilament have a memory.

It also has no memory so it won’t come off your reel in coils and it doesn’t weaken from direct sunlight. very strong. Copolymer fishing line features are smaller line diameters. very abrasion resistant. In the early 1990s fishing line companies began adding new man made fibers to their braiding process such as Dyneema. (The lb test of mono should match the diameter of the super braid for uniformity and tying) Using a line backing conserves line usage as well as filling the spool. lead core trolling lines and for ice fishing tip up lines. and Spectra this created a new category of braided lines referred as " Super Braids . abrasion resistant. take in to account that super braids have small line diameters and the line filling amounts listed on the reel are based on monofilament diameters. Pike. Copolymer: In the mid 1980’s copolymer fishing line was introduced. Over the wars years two new synthetic fibers were developed and employed as fishing line. Catfish and Saltwater anglers. The invention of braided fishing line was also instrumental in the development as a coated or wrapped component of specialty fishing lines such as fly lines. better casting and less backlashes. the other option is using monofilament as a line backing spooled on the reel arbor first and tied using a uni-knot to the super braid also applying tension upon spooling. Use the lb/yards amount listed on your reel as Darseet Garasia Page 14 . then Dacron a polymer fiber know as polyester. wrap a piece of electrical tape over the line and complete the spooling with tension applied. Stripers. The common factor of all of the new super braids today is to provide the angler with the smallest diameter (ultrathin -microdiameter) with the highest break strength. The benefits of the super braids are numerous. Braided: During the industrial period from the early 1900’s modern machinery was developed to manufacture braided fishing lines. in casting artificial lures they dive deeper and faster with longer casts due to the thin diameter. have a lower stretch factor.All you need to know about “FISHING” Stretch resistance – fluorocarbon stretches slower and less than monofilament. after a day of fishing silk lines had to be unspooled off the reel. higher impact and greater shock resistance. high tensile strength. In spooling super braids on reels you have two options to prevent line slipping. Silk was the common used material with many maintenance issues. Dacron braided line is still made today but with the advancements of monofilament along with the introduction of the new hybrid lines it has decreased in popularity by anglers and now primarily used for deep water trolling along with backing on fly reels. washed and hung up to dry in order to prevent dry rot. pliable but yet abrasion resistant and have little stretch. Fluorocarbon offer’s the best advantage in clear water situations where fish are heavily pressured or slow to bite in finesse situations. particularly when compared to wet mono making it much more sensitive The popularity of fluorocarbon line used by anglers today is evident by the features listed above. this was considered the first commercial fishing line made in quantity. first Rayon considered at that time a artificial silk. low stretch and absorbs less water allowing greater sensitivity even when wet unlike monofilament. If you choose to spool your reel entirely with a super braid tie the line on the reel arbor. Braided lines are extremely strong. Over the years new formulas have been added notably the addition of fluorocarbon which adds invisibility stealth factor to the line. The process called copolymerization. The outcome of this resulted in a material that has additional benefits than monofilament. is a combination of two or more nylon monomers to create a copolymer during the extrusion. along with the high break strength it is the primary line used by fisherman targeting big fish such as Muskie. with the low stretch it telegraphs strikes instantly to the rod tip for a immediate hook set.Multifilament" ( by combining multiple fibers together during the process of braiding) the new synthetic fibers are thread like thin.

Imbedded in the outer core will determine the classification of floating or sinking line. Double Taper Shooting Taper and Level. The coating is slightly porous. The inner core is made from a braid or monofilament line. As you assemble the fly line set-up make sure you moisten all the knots when drawing them tight slowly. this is secured to the reel spool by using a Arbor Knot. Fly Line: Today’s fly lines consist of two components the inner core and outer coating. The next step is the main fly line this is connected to the backing using a Albright Knot. The outer coating is wrapped around the core in a thick water proof sheath. Fused line are multiple layers of microfilament gel spun polyethylene fibers fused/twined together to produce a single strand of line. Being that the leader and the tippet are two similar diameters a Double Surgeons knot is suitable. often of PVC polyvinyl chloride. depends on the condition of the coating. low stretch and high tensile strength. Fly line tapers have four major categories: Weight Forward .All you need to know about “FISHING” a guide for spooling the super braid. keeping the line slick and floating. the core determines the line strength. Of the four. Innovative fishing line companies realized this and introduced a new manufacturing process called fusion. Fly Line Maintenance: Fly lines do have a life span. Since the line backing (Dacron) and the fly line (plastic) are different materials the Albright Knot will slide easily through the line guides. From casting the fly line will pick up suspended particulate in the water such as algae and dirt from stripping the line when your fishing from the shore. Darseet Garasia Page 15 . this will reduce the chance of knot failure. The end results are a high performance line. very sensitive with good abrasion resistance. First the fly line backing (The fly reel instructions will provide the suggested amount of backing) which is usually composed of braided Dacron using 20-30lb test. In order to spool a fly reel properly there are a set of steps to follow along with a knowledge of basic fishing knots. As with all fishing lines the proper amount to fill a reel spool is within 1/8 of a inch from the top of the spool rim. two are the most popular Weight Forward and Double Tapered. however. With out proper care and maintenance a fly line (dependent on use) will only last one season or less. Be sure to replace leaders and tippets as they show any wear or abrasion. it slowly releases the lubricant. sinking line has impregnated density micro particles such as powdered tungsten to weigh the line for a controlled sink rate. As most fly lines today are under a 100 yards this will ensure a adequate reserve in case of a run by large game fish as well as filling the spool to the proper capacity. Fused: With the popularity of the new super braids incorporating the many features that Dyneema and Spectra micro fibers achieve: ultra thin diameter. stretch and stiffness. superior strength. Floating line has encased micro bubbles allowing the line to float. for instance if a 50lb super braid has the diameter equivalent of 12lb mono and the line capacity on the reel is 175 yds/12lb with the filler spool at 150 yards you will need to add approximately 20 yards of mono backing. Line performance. always test each knot by giving a good hard pull. and next is the tippet the section of monofilament between your fly and leader. The final steps are attaching the leader (typically tapered) of monofilament or fluorocarbon using a nail knot which provides a clean and straight connection from the fly line. Almost all fly lines are made in such a way so they have a taper that helps the casting process and presenting the fly lure for the angler. even with all of the new fly line technology prevalent today. Cleaning your fly line: All leading fly line manufacturers build a lubricant inside of the outer coating. ultra thin. Here’s a few tips and pointers to extend the life of your fly line. Finally the fly lure is attached to the tippet using a Improved Clinch Knot.

not the lure size determines the rated fly rod and reel set-up. by wiping down the amount of line you use on a cast.200 yard spools ranging from 12lb to 45 lb test ratings. Darseet Garasia Page 16 . fuel or excessive heat. the weight of line and the numerous different taper configurations. The approximate rule dependent on the lb test is every two yards of weighted line will sink one foot. In spooling the reel a line backing should always be used this also helps to fill the reel to the proper line amount. Always keep your fly line away from direct contact with insect repellants (Deet) suntan lotions. The fly line. if you use too heavy of line this will cause "overloading" causing the leader to turn over and bounce back to the angler. The only reel type to be used for weighted trolling line is a conventional level wind trolling reel. Using the correct fly line matched to the rod is critical for proper fly casting. avoid stepping on the stripped line and always check your reel for pinched line between the spool and the reel frame. balsa and plastic minnow lures to reach depths were the fish are present. The scale ranges from 1-14 with 1 the lightest to 14 the heaviest. Floating or sinking. the line capacity is based on the species ( smaller for walleyes larger for salmon).( Note: When tying backing or a leader to lead core remove the inner wire) This entire line set-up is referred as "segmented" which when properly used places the weighted line and lure at the feeding depth of fish. The most popular line backing used today is the super braids which is tied to the weighted line using a Albright knot. This allowed Salmon. The amount of weighted trolling line spooled on your reel is totally dependent on the species of fish you are targeting by the depth required. In storing your fly line on your reel if it develops line memory and comes off in coils simply remove the line and slowly give it a stretch. This can be remedied by cleaning your fly line with a clean damp cloth and some mild soap. the inner wire made of soft pliable lead and the outer sheath of nylon braid which is color coated every ten yards for metering purposes referred as the term colors. as a example Great Lakes walleye anglers may use 30 yards of weighted line or three colors were as a salmon angler may spool the entire 200 yards or twenty colors.All you need to know about “FISHING” This clogs the line pores preventing the lubricant from doing it's job as the line will not float as well or slide through the rod guides easily. and any type chemicals or solvents. If your considering using this trolling technique your success would be best served if you research the fishery and species before purchasing the proper equipment. too light of line will inhibit the rod to load and will not be able to flex in the casting process causing short non controlled cast. With this information any good fly fishing pro shop will be able to assist you in setting up your fly fishing outfit. Lead Core is constructed of two components. Lake Trout. Lead Core (Weighted Trolling Line) Lead Core line came on to the fishing scene during the 1970’s as weighted trolling line. Steelhead and Walleye anglers the ability to use light weight shallow running lures such as spoons. Fly Line Selections: For the beginning fly fishing angler there are a multitude line choices available today which can be confusing to say the least. Trolling weighted (lead core) line is a technical presentation requiring a level of expertise and knowledge. after the weighted line is spooled a monofilament/fluorocarbon leader is tied using a Uni-knot. Weighted trolling lines are available in 100 . Your best bet in the selection process of a fly rod outfit is first to research the fishing presentation and species you are fishing for most of the time and match the recommended set-up. For instance if you intend to fish mainly for sunfish on ponds or small streams for trout a five or six weight line and rod would be the choice if you target pike and bass using larger fly lures or streamers you should consider a eight or nine weight rod. Recently a new environmentally safe non lead line was introduced using a metal alloy wire in lieu of lead. Never cast without a leader. it should revert back to perform perfectly. Fortunately fly fishing tackle manufactures have adapted a universal numerical measurement scale to classify fly line weight to the specific rod and type of fly fishing.

tournament anglers and pro guides replace line daily. periodically check this by running your line between your fingers. Just Darseet Garasia Page 17 . Fishing wire with the proper knowledge and set-up will add another dimension to your arsenal increasing your catch rate. For practical purposes most line wear occurs in the first few feet from your lure or bait. frays or twists remove that section of line and retie. three and seven strand wire some of these come with vinyl coatings used mainly as leader material. line scraping across rocks. Solid wire know as Monel is a metal nickel copper alloy which will go deeper than stranded based on the ultra thin line diameter and weight. in cable-laid wire. some are environmental such as exposed to sunlight and heat for a extended amount of time other's are physical. solid and stranded. One of the most common problems in using wire starts with correctly spooling the backing and wire on the reel to the proper level. wire line with the weight and the ultra low diameter cuts through the water easily getting deeper using less line. Wire lines come in a variety of choices. Stranded offers many versions made of stainless steel or copper. such as seven strand wire. On the reel most ice fishing anglers use a line backing of 20lb to 40lb test to fill the spool. The purpose behind the waterproof backing is not to let the line to freeze on the reel. other fisherman that spend a lot of time on the water replace line weekly or monthly. this is commonly overlooked as some angler's feel the existing line on the reel is sufficient.All you need to know about “FISHING” Wire: Wire is another trolling line option especially if your fishing presentation requires to go very deep. docks or other lake structure. 49 strand. Line degradation is caused by numerous different effects. logs. it also has very low line stretch thus telegraphing fish strikes as they happen. upon a strike allowing a fish to run with the bait (free spool) until the angler set’s the hook. go to a pro shop that specializes in wire line rods and reels. Also with the heavier lb test it is easier to handle in cold weather and are less prone to tangle on the ice. especially if you ask a friend to help you. if you feel any nicks. rods require hardened line guides that wire won't cut along with a roller tip or all line guides using rollers. The advantages of using wire line are numerous when compared to other conventional lines such as braided or monofilament. In writing this we can attest to the numerous times trophy fish where lost due to line breakage. Line Maintenance / Spooling your reel: Line replacement is highly important yet often neglected. We highly recommend if you're looking to use wire as a trolling outfit. coated wire. reels are trolling level wind with a metal or stainless steel spool to accommodate wire line. Tip-Up Line: (Backing) Tip Up’s are a fishing tool used for ice fishing. as fishing line becomes wet and dry over time it eventually breaks down and wears out. Filling A Revolving-Spool Reel: Baitcasting and trolling reels are the easiest to spool up. Getting set-up with a wire line outfit requires all special equipment. in asking when the line was changed the response was similar "never" or "years ago". One of most popular wire line for freshwater fishing is the seven stranded six wrapped or braided around one. The line backing on tip ups are waterproofed by either coating a braid using Teflon or plastic vinyl wrapped over a braid. Depending on the amount of fishing you do will determine line changing frequency. All fishing line needs to be replaced at one point. As a general rule fishing line should be at least respooled annually. tip up’s are built from plastic or wood which lay on the ice. then attach various different types of leader materials. underneath the tip up the reel is submerged in the water. monofilament or fluorocarbon. Copper seven strand is utilized as a alternative to lead core where as the weight of copper is double than lead core this achieves the same depth of lead core with only half the amount of line.

If this is a new reel or if you wish to completely place new line on the spool your reel use an arbor knot to tie your line onto the spool. your catch. 3. After about 12 turns allow some slack between the supply spool of line and your rod to be sure you are not getting line twist. Reel line onto reel slowly. 2. If the line is twisting flip the supply spool over. You must use the right application for the right type of fishing you will be doing. coated or uncoated. and fluorocarbon. Your helper should maintain slight inward pressure on the supply spool to prevent it from overrunning. Filling A Spinning Reel: Because the spool of a spinning reel does not rotate. they are that important. Don't overfill. 1)Insert a pencil into the supply spool to allow the fishing line to feed smoothly off the spool. Tie new line to end of old line with a blood knot or a uni-knot 4. Leaders are often one of the most overlooked pieces of equipment that we use. stainless steel wire. Pull old line off reel through line guides until you have enough room on spool for new line. seven strand wire. except remember to thread the line through the hole in the front of the reel. 2) Fill the reel within 1/4-inch of the outer rim of the revolving spool. Yes. titanium. Spin-cast reels do not hold very much line. Leaders: Using a proper leader can be the difference between a successful fishing trip and one that ends up so to speak in the tank. Filling a Closed-Faced Spin-Cast Reel Fill a closed-faced spin-cast reel the same way you would a spinning reel. 1. where other applications may require you to tie it onto your mainline or attach or tie your own lure on. Some are ready to tie onto your mainline and clip on a lure and start fishing. Have someone hold each end of the pencil while you turn the reel handle. making sure it is spooled firmly 7. so remove the reel cover partway every now and then to make sure you do not overfill the enclosed spool. Darseet Garasia Page 18 . consistent tension on the line at all times (by gently pinching the line between your thumb and forefinger) to avoid loose wraps that might cause tangling later. Lay spool of new line of floor so line comes off spool just like it goes on reel spool 5. They are also availible in various lengths and sizes as well. Leaders are the segment of material attached between the fishing line and the lure or bait. Check this periodically because spinning reels automatically put twist in your line. It is what connects you and your equipment to the lure and hopefully with some luck. and to keep proper tension on the line. Leaders are made of a variety of materials today such as: single strand wire. you should use this method to prevent putting a twist in the line. Hold line tight with hand not turning reel handle just above reel 6. If your leaving existing line always leave some line from spool through rod guides and past end of rod to tie new line to.All you need to know about “FISHING” remember to maintain a moderate. hard monofilament.

A rule of thumb to go by is to always remember the lighter leader you use the higher your risk of being bit off or having leader failure can be. Once you determine what pound test you are going to go with. Consider the size lure you will be using and make sure the snap doesnt open and close too easily. some are crimped. Always be sure to consider what the weight limit or pound test is on the leader you may be using. Not to say using a light leader is wrong. Your leader can be the strongest or the weakest link in your set up. Most tackle shops will carry a variety of leaders to choose from. so you must give just as important care in choosing the correct leader for the job at hand as you would determining which lure to use. This pretty much boils down to personal preferance. Some leaders are tied. some are both. It might make the difference between a smiling photo or going home disapointed. make sure they move freely and that they apear to be large enough or small enough to handle the task at hand. however just understand that you may have to be willing to accept the consequences. Darseet Garasia Page 19 . So the next time you are ready to go fishing and need to run into your local sporting goods supply to just grab some leaders. Take a look at the swivels. and in time you will figure out what you are most comfortable using. take a few extra minutes to do an inspection of what you are purchasing. If there is too much to choose from and you simply cannot figure it out ask a store employee for a hand and they can help you make the right selection. Same care to be given when choosing a proper snap. consider the hardware that is on the leader. The last thing you want is for it to come open on that trophy fish of a lifetime.All you need to know about “FISHING” Obviously you dont want to use a large musky leader to go walleye fishing nor do you want to bring a small walleye or pike leader to use when you are after trophy musky.

Always retie your knot before a new trip and check your knot frequently when fishing. When tying a knot give it a smooth strong pull to complete it on your lure. The ability to tie a correct knot will save you from losing lures. Always leave a little extra line before clipping the tag end after completing your knot some knots slip slightly. hook or leader. By leaving a little tag is good insurance that your knot is tied correctly. Listed below are good choices to learn and a few tips:  Always moisten the knot before snugging it up. all knots will weaken with use. bait as well as a fish. Don’t be timid about testing it with a couple good pulls. Better to know your knot is tied correctly than losing a big fish. This reduces the heat from friction that causes slight abrasions when you pull it tight.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Knots Your fishing line is only as strong as the knot used to tie it. Over time all knots start to weaken in some degree.    Arbor Knot Improved Clinch Knot Spider Hitch Palomar Knot Dropper Loop Knot Albright Knot Float Stop Knot Surgeon's Knot Uni-to-Uni Knot Snell Knot Nail Knot Trilene Knot Blood Knot Darseet Garasia Page 20 .

3. How to Tie It: 1. Why It's Useful: Compared to a regular clinch knot. then through the big loop. making sure the coils do not overlap each other. Hold the tag end and standing line while coils are pulled up. Darseet Garasia Page 21 . an overhand knot is tied in the tag end. given that it only takes a few seconds more to tie an Improved Clinch knot. Why is it useful: It secures the fishing line on your reel arbor/spool How to tie it: 1. 3. thread end of line through the first loop above the eye. Pass the line through the eye of hook. Finally. When tightened. it's much less likely to break when you've got a bigger fish on the line. The tag end is then tied in an overhand knot around the running line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Arbor Knot What it does: Its primary use is to attach fishing line to the arbor/spool of a fishing reel. An arbor knot is tied by first passing the line around the reel arbor. heavy-weight line to a lure. In fact. Slide tight against the eye and clip the end. swivel or lure. there's no reason to tie a regular clinch knot on anything but the lightest line. swivel. or hook. 2. Double back and wrap the end 5 times around the standing line. the overhand knot in the tag end jams against the overhand knot tied around the running line Improved Clinch Knot What It Does: Ties a medium. Holding the coils in place.

2. How To Tie It: 1. taking care not to let go. Wrap the doubled end 5 times around your thumb and the loop. Then pull on both ends to tighten knot. the knot must be perfectly tightened (no overlapping coils!) or it will cut itself. holding it between your thumb and forefinger. Again. Pass the end through the loop. 3.All you need to know about “FISHING” Spider Hitch What It Does: Doubles a line for added strength. then form a loop. Why It's Useful: Almost as strong (retaining over 80% of line strength) and much faster & easier than a Bimini Twist. Double the line. Pull the loop slowly and steadily so thewound sectionslides naturally off the thumb. 4. Darseet Garasia Page 22 . The one downside is that the knot could cut the line if not tightened perfectly.

3. 2. How to Tie It: 1. as if they were a single piece of line. wrap both the tag end of line and leader around the loop again. Pull both lines and both endstogether until theknot becomes tight. parallel to each other. Darseet Garasia Page 23 . 4. Tie both lines in an overhand knot. Align the line and leader end-to-end. Why it's Useful: Strong. and less likely than most knots to damage the thinner of the two lines. and pull the entire leader through the loop. with 6" to 8" of overlap. relatively simple to tie. Clip closely to avoid getting caught in guides.All you need to know about “FISHING” Surgeon's Knot What It Does: Securely ties together a line and a leader of very different diameters. Without closing the loop.

Darseet Garasia Page 24 . How to Tie It: 1. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook.All you need to know about “FISHING” Palomar Knot What It Does: Attaches a hook or other terminal tackle to your line. Double four inches of line into a loop and pass it through the eye of your hook. tighten the knot. 5. the Palomar is also fairly easy to tie.Pulling at both ends of the line. 4. Clip off the tag end. Allow the hook to dangle. Why It's Useful: Among the strongest knots for its purpose. and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. 2 & 3. swivel or lure. being careful NOT to twist the lines or tighten the knot.

Darseet Garasia Page 25 . Wrap one end through the loop.without letting the twists unravel . or fly to a line. 2. Make a circular loop in the line. lure. Where each end meets the loop.While holding the dropper loop in place (do not pull on the loop . 4.All you need to know about “FISHING” Dropper Loop Knot What It Does: Creates a loop in a line while maintaining most of the line's strength. How to Tie It: 1.just be sure it doesn't come out) pull on both ends of the line to bring the wraps together. Why It's Useful: Used to attach a second leader. make3 to 5 twists as shown then . 3.pull the loopthrough the hole between the two sets of twists.

Start next to your fingers and working toward the loop. Darseet Garasia Page 26 . it's also considerably more difficult to tie. wrapping it fairly tightly 8 to 12 times. fly. 6.loopedline with your left hand.Push the tag end of thelighter linethrough the loop on the opposite side from where it originally ran it through the loop. You now have a loop to which you may attach a bait. Moisten the knot. Pull both ends of the lighter line. while sliding the knot back towards the loop with your right (but not all the way off). Start by doubling back a couple of inches ofthe heavierline and hold the loop with your left thumb and forefinger.All you need to know about “FISHING” 5. so both strands of the lighter lineexit on the same side of the loop. 5. or leader using another kind of knot. Pull the standingend of the lighter line to remove the loop you were holding between your leftthumb and index finger. and use your right hand to wrap the tag end of thelighter line back over both strands of the heavier line as well as the lighter line itself. That said. then pull as tight as possible onboth strands of the heavy line with your left hand and both strands of the light line with your right hand. Why It's Useful: Creates a much smaller and smoother connection than a Surgeon's Knot without sacrificing strenght. pinch thethinner linebetween your left thumb and forefinger (without letting go of the loop). Pull gently on both ends of the heavier. How to Tie It: 1. Runabout 10 inches of thethinner line through theloop. Clip off the tag end of the fly line and the backing. 4. 3. 2. Albright Knot What It Does: Joins two lines (line & leader) of vastly different diameters.While holding the loop.The Albright is far less likely to get caught in guides than a Surgeon's Knot.

3. just be aware that a braided line could potentially cut the leader.essential for controlling your presentation when float fishing.If usingsoft monofilament.Pull ends to tighten.All you need to know about “FISHING” Float Stop Knot What it Does: Creates a barrier to stop a float from sliding past a certain point on a line. as if you're tying a Suregon's Knot. of the same diameter as the line the float is on. or else a braided line to a monofilament leader. to joining linesof vastly differenttest strength (up to 10x different in some cases). the Uni-knot and variants like the Uni-to-Uni knot can be used for everything from tying hooks to light line. Use about 5 inches of nylon. Why it's useful: Highly versatile. Darseet Garasia Page 27 . Why it's Useful: Prevents a float from running up a line . 2. This can beprevented (or at least slowed down) by using a loop for your free end on the braided line and otherwise tying the knot as described below. Wrap the line to be knotted 2 or 3 times around the line with the float. How to Tie It: 1.Take either end of the line being knotted and wrap them twice around each other. Uni-to-Uni Knot What it does: Ties two lines together.Uni-knots also provide an unbeatable100 % knot strength in most cases.

All you need to know about “FISHING” How to Tie It: 1. Pull both ends to get the knots tighter. withaninch or two sticking out past your fingers. Overlap the two linesby roughly 6". then trim if necessary. 4. Darseet Garasia Page 28 . Repeatsteps1-3 withthe end of the other line. 2. 5. Pull the end to tighten the knot. passing through the large loop on the finalpass. form aloop and pinch it between your thumb and forefinger.With one end.Wrap the end six times aroundboth lines. 3.

Hold the nail/tube and the end of the fly line between the left thumb and forefinger ofyour lefthand (with roughly 2"of the fly line and the tube sticking out). Just note that you can only use the Snell knot with a leader. slowly pull the leader until it is almost tight. towards the barb. Wrap the end tightly around the leader and hook shank7 or 8times. you will need a tube of comparably narrow diameter to tie it (e. reliable. then hold the loop down so that enough is sticking out to wrap several times around the leader and hook shank. but few other knots give you this smooth a connection. On the final wrap. so that it points towards the barb. then grip the short end with pliers and completely tighten the knot. low profile that allows it to slide easily through guides. make a large loop. towards the barb. then wrap the leader 5 more times around the line. Slide the loops up against the eye. Take the heavier end of your leader in yourright hand and form a 2" loop around the nail and fly line. Pinch the loop down with your left hand. leader.All you need to know about “FISHING” Snell Knot What it does: Connects a leader to a baited hook. How to Tie It: 1. How to Tie It: 1. and not recommended for big fish as it relies on the fly line's coating for strength. The nail knot is moderately complex.. and simple to tie. Trim the end hanging towards the barb. pass the end back through the looped leader. Though it doesn't necessarily require a nail. a particularly thin ballpoint pen). and nail. 3. Do it Darseet Garasia Page 29 .g. Pass one end of the leader throungh the eye of the hook so that it sticks outone or two inches past the eye. Why it's useful: Strong. Grasping the end near the barb and the end on the other side of the eyelet. Nail Knot What it does: Used to attach leader butt to fly line or to attach backing to fly line Why it's useful: The most popular knot for attaching leaders and leader but to fly line. the nail knot has a very smooth. 2.Pinch the hook and leader endtogether between your leftthumb and index finger right where it exits the eye.

Finally. Moisten. Then carefully remove the nail. 2. Thread the line through the eye of the hook or lure.Holding the hook or lure in your left hand. Trim the ends. running alongside the nail. check the wraps to be sure they're smooth. Trim tag end to 1/8 inch. then pass the end through the loopcreated where you doubled back in step 1. and be sure to leave 1/2 to 3/4" of the end sticking out. 3. Pull gently on both ends of the leader (don't pull the fly line!) to partially tighten the knot. moistening it with water while you do so to lubricate the line (allowingthe loopsto slide together more easily). Darseet Garasia Page 30 .Grab all the loops with your left hand. hooks and lures. so that the loops butt up against each other. and you're done.wrap the tag end around the standing line 6 times. snaps.All you need to know about “FISHING” tightly. 3. and you're done. Why it's useful: Easy to tie and very strong. the Trilene Knot resists slippage better than most simple knots. Pull gently on the tag end and the standing line to tighten. then double back through the eye a second time. How to tie it: 1. "seat" the knot with one hard pull on the fly line. then carefully slide the end of the leader back into the opening. 2. Trilene Knot What it does: The Trilene Knot can be used to join line to swivels. and the standing line in your right hand. then fully tighten the knot by pulling on the leader until it "bites" into the fly line.

Make sure the ends are pointing in opposite directions after you pass them through the opening. Bring the end back through the opening between the two lines. Cross over the ends of the lines by 6-8 inches and twist one of the lines 5 times (or more) around the other. How to tie it: 1. Trim the ends.All you need to know about “FISHING” Blood Knot What it does: The blood knot is used for joining two lines of similar thicknesses. whereas other comparably strong knots might get stuck. then pull. 3. Darseet Garasia Page 31 . be advised that a blood knot will reduce overall line strength by around 40%. Why it�s useful: An easy knot with a relatively low profile. 4. However. then repeat with steps 1 and 2 with the other end of the same line. 2. a blood knot can run smoothly through rod line guides. and there you have it� a blood knot.

Another option is to use chemically sharpened hooks. How they are used and properly rigged for a successful set-up. A dull hook will skate across your nail with out digging in. To make it more Darseet Garasia Page 32 . The classification system ranges from 1 largest to 32 smallest. weight and bobber with a hunk of worm. Sharp hook points will catch more fish than dull hooks. To test your hook simply draw the hook point across your fingernail. Fishing Hooks As a rule. Many quality hook manufactures offer a line of hooks that are made of higher grade steel and then dipped in a chemical bath which gives the hook a super sharp hook point. a sharp hook will leave a light scratch and digs in to your nail. That way you can find the appropriate hook. When necessary touch up the hook point by using a hook file or sharpening stone. These hooks can be expensive compared to conventional hooks. In this section we will review Terminal Tackle: Hooks. weight. Small hooks also penetrate quicker than larger hooks upon the fish strike. generally when a single number is used such as size 12 verses a size 8 the higher the number the smaller the hook. reduces the ability to detect fish strikes in their fishing presentation. using too large of a hook. Bobbers & Basic Rigging With all of the advancements made today in the fishing world with “new lifelike fancy expensive lures that flash and swim on their own” sometimes just a plain ol' hook. One of the biggest mistakes made by the novice angler is over rigging. The bottom line is always use a sharp hook. bobber for most fishing situations. There is no standard when it comes to classifying a hook size. Weights. and then take a couple of quick strokes to each side of the hook Don’t be misled that new hooks out of the box are always sharp especially the cheap hooks that are made of soft poor quality steel. Always test your hook for sharpness. simply draw the hook sharpener against the point of your hook a few times (parallel to the shank) on the bottom. The best application is to select the lightest possible terminal tackle suitable for the condition and the species of fish. Carry your Terminal Tackle Get organized with a rig box with small compartments. Small hooks allows the live-bait presentation to look natural. minnow or leech will catch more fish. Bobbers (Floats) and Swivels.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing with Hooks. but the advantage is a super sharp hook right out of the package. heavier than needed weight with a oversized bobber presenting a unnatural look. Even high quality hooks will dull over time and use by hitting rocks and debris in the water. Hook Sizes When it comes to hook sizes it tends to be little confusing. use the smallest hook possible. Sinkers.

that secures the fish from unhooking.the distance between the shank and the point. Bait Holder The bait holder hook is one of the most popular live bait hook styles today. and the gap . Crappie and light biting Walleyes under a slip bobber or attached bobber rig.aught) compared to a 1/0 the sizing system is reversed so the higher the number the larger the hook. the eye . the bend and shank . perfect for Panfish. The light wire limits excessive puncturing on minnows which helps them live longer on the hook.the end of the hook that is connected to the fishing line or lure.that portion of the hook that connects the point and the eye. the long shank allows the angler easy removal of the hook from panfish that tends to swallow the bait. for example 5/0 ( pronounced five . Darseet Garasia Page 33 . such as night crawlers leeches and red worms. 1/0 is the smallest up to the largest hook at 19/0 The Anatomy of a Fish Hook The parts fish hook are referred as: It’s point. Popular Common Hook Types: Aberdeen Light wire long shank hook.the projection extending backwards from the point.All you need to know about “FISHING” confusing hooks that are sized using a fraction type. the additional barbs on the shank holds the bait more effectively. the barb .the sharp end that penetrates the fish's mouth or flesh.

Egg Commonly called salmon egg hook. The Octopus is ideal for rigging cut bait for Catfish or Salmon. Very popular hook for Catfish. worms and grubs for Salmon and Trout. A sharp pulling hook set is not required. Rotating A special compound curve on the offset/rotating hook automatically turns when a fish bites on the bait. Darseet Garasia Page 34 . The lip hook rate using a circle hook is about 95% it also reduces the mortality rate of fish to be released to fight another day. designed with a turned up eye and offset bend. Sturgeon and Muskies anglers. The salmon egg hook is used primarily for drift fishing along current by using natural or imitation salmon eggs. Pike and Walleyes and are good choice for building crawler harnesses. the inward bend of the hook point allows the hook to slide along the inside of the fish’s throat until it reaches the mouth. so the hook rides upward along with the placement of a barb on the shank which holds the bait. just maintain tension and the fish will hook itself in the corner of the mouth as the fish moves away. They are available in a assortment of painted or metallic colors. spawn sacs. minnows for Bass. Octopus The extra gap and rounded shape of Octopus hooks are very popular and used for most species of fish. Upon a fish swallowing your bait.All you need to know about “FISHING” Circle Circle hooks are a excellent choice for live bait catch and release anglers.

turn the hook straight and insert the hook point into the body. stumps. The treble is mainly used on artificial lures and spoons attached by using a split ring. Weedless The weedless hook has a light wire wrapped on the shank formed in a loop that covers the point of the hook. trees. holds bait better and hooks fish better. Upon a fish striking the bait the wire compresses exposing the hook point. The offset/ rotating hook twists. adjust the eye so it is just inside the lure. Bring the hook point out of the lure. rocks and lily pads. Darseet Garasia Page 35 . Used on Texas and Carolina Rigs.All you need to know about “FISHING” The sweeping rotational curve places the point in position for penetration from any angle. The front bend on a worm hook is used to lock lures such as worms and lizards from moving down the shank by simply inserting the hook point into the head of the lure down about a 1/4 inch. and pull the shaft of the hook through until the eye is at the head. Treble hooks today comes in a assortment of colors as well as feathers tied on as a trailer/teaser hook on lures. Treble Treble hooks are a single eye of three hooks fused together with three shanks evenly spaced. Offset/Worm Worm hooks are used for fishing soft plastic's lures. This allows the hook to be fished in weeds logs.

7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting. Tie on the hook using a Palmor or a Improved Clinch Knot Optional: Plastic or Glass Bead between the weight and hook.1/2. If you don�t get a bite.4/0 .5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Soft Plastic Lures Worms /Lizards/Grubs/Crawfish How to Rig Thread the Bullet Sinker on the line making sure the nose of the sinker faces the rod tip. pushing hook completely through. To make the weight stationary peg the bullet with a piece of toothpick. Line: 10 lb to 14 lb testlow stretch monofilament. watch your line as well as many fish will strike the rig on the fall. or use a screw in bullet weight. thumb bar line release medium line capacity. No bass fishing arsenal is complete without knowledge and how to fish the Texas rig. Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 . let the rig rest on the bottom and then begin to retrieve in a very slow. Darseet Garasia Page 36 . Considered a finesse technique not a search bait such as inline spinner crank bait or spinner bait.3/4 -1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 Small Soft Plastic's 3/0 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Texas Rig The Texas rig is adaptable to all types of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush. When casting or flipping try to let the rig enter the water with as little noise as possible and keep some controlled slack in the line. jerk pause motion. Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio. In setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait.3/16 .1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 . The presentation is placement as close to cover (weeds. Insert the hook about 3/8" through the nose of the soft plastic bait. What you need for a Texas Rig Assortment of Bullet Sinkers (Lead Brass or Steel) 1/8 . logs) as possible. The Texas rig is adaptable to all kinds of soft plastics from worms to lizards and grubs that can be fished in extremely dense vegetation and brush. Always keep little tension on the line because learning this technique is a lot about learning to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish.

The same principle applies in using sinkers for your set-up use the lightest possible sinker in order to detect fish strikes. just pinch it on and off. The nice thing is. Unlike the other rigs mentioned Texas. Fishing with the split shot rig is considered a finesse technique by adding a split shot sinker in front of your live bait offering. the split shot rig gently moves downward after a cast. just pinch it on and off. using line 4-8lb test on a light to medium light spinning rod and reel set-up. It is a good idea to push the hook through a couple of times to make a small hole or channel in the plastic. The other is sliding: which allows the fishing line to slide or pass through the weight from a hole or a eyelet. The two types of sinkers are: attached on the line by pinching. Insert the point of the hook into the body of the bait. until it reaches the bottom thus requiring patience to fish it correctly. Darseet Garasia Page 37 . This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. Popular Common Sinkers / Weights Types: Split Shot Pinches easily onto your line where you want to set depth at. Used for live bait and lures. This makes it weedless. twisted on using rubber insert or tied directly to your line (Bottom Bouncers / Bead Chain Sinkers). Removes just as easy by pinching the other end. Fishing Weights (Sinkers) Fishing weights (sinkers) are made from two basic materials lead and steel.All you need to know about “FISHING” Embed the offset portion on the upper shank of the hook into the nose of the soft plastic. The nice thing is. Split Shot Rig This is about as basic as you can get on a rig. this locks the soft plastic lure on the hook Insert the point of the hook back into the soft plastic making sure the bait hangs straight. you don't have to retie any knots to change the sinker position on the line. This will help insure a good hook set. Carolina and the sliding sinker rig that are primarily fished on the bottom.

Add split shot Darseet Garasia Page 38 . watch the line after the cast for any subtle changes or sideway movement a twitch means you have a bite. Conversely by placing the split shot 3 feet or more up the line will minimize the action of the live bait. To add depth to your lure for trolling add a split shot or for increased depth add a rubber core sinker. How to Rig Tie a hook on the line using a Improved Clinch Knot. As a finesse technique this will require the angler to keep alert while using this rig. then add one or two split shot sinkers starting about 1 foot above the lure. Tie on your lure of choice.All you need to know about “FISHING” There is no wrong way to fish this rig. make a easy sweep upward to set the hook and keep the pressure on the fish. Avoid keeping the line too tight this will take away the natural presentation of the bait. it is also surprisingly good in light timber using a weedless hook and a light split shot where the weight isn�t heavy enough to pull it down into the branches. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. The split-shot rig is also effective around floating boat docks. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. The placement of the split shot is more versatile and adjustable than most anglers think. which gives the bait adequate freedom of movement. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers. where fish often hang under. Different size shot change the lure's sink rate and you can vary retrieve speeds to produce an enticing "up and down" action. giving a pronounced action. Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Tip Add a split shot in front of a floating crankbait or a rigged soft plastic bait. The closer the weight is to the bait the more precise your casting will be. If the slack in the line tightens or you feel a slight tick you have a bite. But by placing it closer to the bait like within a 12" or less the bait will react more like a jig. The general consensus is position the split shot 18 inches above the hook. steep breaklines sloping banks and bluffs where fish suspend. This finesse technique is used for shallow water or clear water fish that have been seeing a lot of action. Rigging minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #4-#6-#8. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. Tackle Suggestions Rod: 6-6 to 7-0 foot-Light to Medium Light/ Medium Action Spinning Reel: Light Spinning balanced with the rod Line" 4-8 lb test monofilament What you need for a split shot rig Weight/Sinkers All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. upon engaging the reel beginning the retrieve keep the bait moving on a semi-tight line leaving a little slack. it is excellent for open water covering vertical structure.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Stream Rig The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations. The rig is cast upstream in the current and allowed to sink to the bottom. twitch or pulling sensation can be a fish... The key here is to have enough weight attached to let the rig to bounce along the current. At this point the rig is moving slower than the dead drift portion of the drift and more fish are apt to see and strike the bait quartering than coming straight at them. After a while. The basic presentation of the rig is relatively simple. If you're unsure . This allow the angler not to lose the entire rig if hung up. Suggested Tackle: The basic rod and reel set-up for fishing the stream rig is light for the sensitivity. As the split shots on the rig and bait ticks along the bottom. The stream rig also known as a drift rig are used commonly by steelhead. The long soft action rods will bend starting in the lower third using nearly the entire rod providing the most flexibility. set the hook. Some fish are caught in this portion of the drift where the rig is bouncing. you'll develop a 'sense' of what is bottom and what is a fish. 8� to 10 foot drift rods are common. this is where the angler must pay close attention to differentiate between the feel of the bottom and the feel of a fish. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water. salmon and walleye anglers in certain situations. slowly towards the angler as it moves downstream. soft action spinning rods with 4-8lb test line for drift fishing. by applying pressure pulls the split shot off the dropper saving the hook and swivel. but requires a very light touch and feel to detect what is the bottom and what is a fish. Any bump. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round Darseet Garasia Page 39 . Because of this parabolic action the angler is using the rod as a shock absorber in fighting the fish in the current this allows the use of light line. What you need for a stream rig Weight/Sinkers An assortment of split shots sizes 3/0-7-5 for light current 2-3-4 for faster current. many anglers prefer longer light. The stream rig is very similar to the three way rig with the exception of the sinker dropper line which uses a series of split shots instead of a casting (bell) sinker. Fishing the stream rig takes some finesse and can be difficult for the new angler to pick-up. such as in small streams with light current or when drift fishing in relatively shallow water. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. but most bites occur at the bottom end of the drift when it is quartering (The swing) back through the current towards the angler.

Add the appropriate amount of split shots to the sinker dropper line. Three way swivel The three way swivel used should be of good quality and as small as possible size 8-6 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel. steelhead and salmon are octopus and egg styles size #6-#8 for salmon eggs. one at 6 to 10 inches and the other at 24 to 30 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. Add/tie the drop lines. Rubber Core Attach to line thorugh the slot in the sinker and twisting the inner rubber core around line to secure it. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers and cut bait. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/30") and the split shots to the other at (6/10") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot. spawn sac�s and small minnows. Used when heavier weight is required. Darseet Garasia Page 40 . Popular hooks for walleye.All you need to know about “FISHING” case for a selection of sizes and weight or the individual packs .

All you need to know about “FISHING” Drop Shot Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights. now shake the rod gently. The most Darseet Garasia Page 41 . It is especially good for suspended fish that requires vertical placement of the bait in front of active fish. round or rectangular of lead or tungsten and come with a tie on clip on the top. The weights range from 1/8oz to 1/2oz. The weights range from 1/8 to1/2 oz. The drop shot is a way of tying your hook up the line and putting the lead on the bottom. Drop Shot Rig The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community. Suggested Tackle : As a finesse rig the drop shot is best fished on light line and spinning outfits. cast or drop the rig straight down over the side of the boat. A bite can be a subtle tug. Rod: Light fast action 6'-6" to 7' foot Reels: Light Spinning balanced to the rod Line: 6-8 lb monofilament What you need for a Drop Shot Rig Weight/Sinkers Many tackle companies manufacture designed drop shot weights. walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. round or rectangular of lead or tungstenthat come with a tie on clip on the top. Set the hook using a upward sweeping motion. walleye and panfish anglers as well are now using the drop shot with many successes. when the line goes slack reel up until the line is tight with the weight on the bottom. a side way movement or just pressure on the line. you just want your bait to wiggle. Fishing the drop shot is simple. The drop-shot rig is a finesse technique that has been made popular by the bass fishing community.

Bottom Bouncer The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks. A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. Be sure the hook rides horizontally from the line. How to Rig The drop shot rig is a easy rig to tie as long as you become comfortable with the knot used for the hook. Another alternative is a casting sinker a bell shaped sinker with a tie on swivel molded on the top. crawler harness or floating spinner rigs attached to the non weighted arm via a snap swivel. Bottom bouncers are weighted L-shaped piece of heavy wire using live bait. This is all attached to your rod.3/8 oz. tighten the knot. For rigging small soft plastic�s use a 1/0 or 2/0 offset worm hook. To tie a drop shot rig determine how far off the bottom you want your bait to be 18 to 36 inches. The Palomar Knot . Leaving one end connected to the rod and the other tag end to tie on the drop shot weight using a Improved Clinch Knot . Panfish use Aberdeen light wire hooks size #6-#8 Lures/Live bait Bait versatility is advantage of the drop shot rig. leeches through its sucker. Hooks There are many specialized drop shot hooks on the market. Allow the hook to dangle. being careful not to twist the lines or tighten the knot. As a reference you should print out a copy of our knot instructions as a guide. by tying the line to the eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer. logs. A weighted wire feeler arm minimizes hang-ups while riding upright across underwater structure deflecting snags. The bottom bouncer is an effective rigging tool while trolling or drifting presenting the lure/bait rig above snag laced bottom of small rocks. In rigging small soft plastic�s if you're fishing open water run the hook thru it�s nose with the hook exposed. but any small hooks will work. over mud/sand flats. make a loop at that length and pass the line through the hook eye from the point side. and tie a loose over hand knot in the doubled line. logs. or open basins. The bottom bouncer can be as light a1/2 oz up 3 ounces. Live bait minnows and leeches use a octopus hook size #6-#8. Pull the line by its looped end far enough to pass it over the hook Pulling at both ends of the line. Just Click Here . over mud/sand flats. Using a bottom bouncer is a search technique by covering a lot of water efficiently (trolling or drifting) in seeking active feeding fish especially walleyes that tend to related to bottom Darseet Garasia Page 42 .All you need to know about “FISHING” common weights used are 3/16 . if there is cover in the area you can rig it Texas style making it weedless (See Texas Rig above) Live Bait hook the minnow through it�s mouth. We recommend first time users to practice tying this rig at home before heading out on the water. or open basins.

this guarantees frequent bottom contact. Fishing a bottom bouncer. engage the reel to tighten line as close to a 45 degree angle from the boat. yellow. Bait Walker The Bait Walker is a trade name for a similar rig only smaller in overall size. twitch or pressure on the line) lean the rod tip forward slightly and use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish in setting the hook this helps eliminating any slack line ensuring a good hookset. or neutral colors for conditions in between. small floating crank baits and flutter spoons for walleye and bass down to reaching the depths for lake trout. You do not want the line to be vertical. by having the 45 angle provides enough distance for the bouncer to work correctly and gives it enough distance from the boat not to spook the fish. Colors/Blades The same basic fish attracting principles applies when it comes to color selection on blades or lures. use hot orange. When you feel a bite ( a subtle tap. 40-foot depths. Typically the blade sizes and types on pre rigged worm harnesses and minnow rigs are Indiana and Colorado blades sizes #3-#4-#5. 1 1/2. floating snells. 2 1/2. Hooks/Rigs/Lures With the hundreds of rigging options that the bottom bouncer offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter. Artificial lures are all so used with good success. these all attach to the bottom bouncer snap from a pre tied loop on the end of the leader. silver. Reels: Medium-capacity baitcasting reel. Recommended Bottom Bouncer Weights: 1/ 3-ounces for 30. or non-fluorescent colors for clear water. Line: 10-14 pound test low stretch monofilament. excellent for trolling in preventing line twist. floating crank baits. rounded and has a concave flat top which makes the bait walker feel like a keel sinker providing little resistance as it rides across the bottom. Another feature is the selection of weight options 1/4 oz up to 10 ounces allowing the angler the versatility to use the lightest presentation. the key to a proper presentation is using the correct weight. (use shallow to mid range running lures) or light weight trolling (flutter) spoons are also popular. For live bait there are prerigged: live bait 2-ounces for 15 to 20 feet. bladed worm harnesses and minnow rigs sold in shops that vary in leader lengths from 12 to 30 inches. The Indiana spins tighter to the rig than the Colorado Darseet Garasia Page 43 . The weight design is tapered. the angler casts or releases the line allowing the rig to sink to the bottom. Suggested Tackle: Rods 6�-6" to 7"-0" Medium-Power Medium action casting rod with a long handle for rod holder placement. control and feel. and copper. gold. What you need for a bottom bouncer Weight Sizes Most all fishing shops and large discount stores sells bottom bouncers. Weight selection depends on a combination of depth and speed. or chartreuse for darker water.All you need to know about “FISHING” 1-ounce for under 15 feet. The weight is located on the bottom tip of the lower arm than in the middle on a bottom bouncer.

rig blade color and type. Attach the appropriate rig to the top arm snap swivel. colors.All you need to know about “FISHING” producing less of a thump. night crawler or leech). and length of leader. fishing a bottom bouncer presents numerous bait rigging questions: Type of live bait (minnow. You would be best served before heading out to do a little research with the local sport shop or local fishing guides in finding out the correct bait rigging set-up for the waters you�re fishing. As you can see. conversely a broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the rig producing a lift. Bead Chain / Trolling Great for trolling lighter lures with out having to use lead core line or downriggers Darseet Garasia Page 44 . spoons .straight or jointed crankbaits. artificial lures. How to Rig Tie the bottom bouncer on the center eye at the intersection of the two wire arms of the bouncer using a Improved Clinch Knot. greater thump and more vibration.

Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. Suggested Tackle Rods 6-6 1/2. Cast and retrieve slow is the key for a successful presentation.All you need to know about “FISHING” Bank Similar to the walking sinker but comes in heavier weights 1oz-6oz Squared edge design helps you keep your bait where you want it. Carolina Rig The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass. Darseet Garasia Page 45 . It is a successful method of soft plastic bait presentation in all depths of water.7 foot medium heavy fast action bait casting. Just about any soft plastic can be used when Carolina rigging. The Carolina rig is basically a modified Texas rig with a few additions and similar to a sliding sinker bottom rig used for walleyes. Bullet As the name implies it is shaped like a Bullet used on Texas rigs in front of the worm. twitch or pressure on the line in setting the hook use a forceful snap of the rod ensuring the embeded hook point travels through the body of the soft plastic bait. For example areas of extreme weeds or brush don�t lend themselves to the usage of a Carolina rig. Fishing with a Carolina rig you can see why they are so effective as the rig is drawn across the bottom the soft plastic bait will move side to side upward and downward bumping weeds and bouncing off rocks. its only limitation is certain types of cover that you are trying to move it through. The Carolina rig is a popular and effective way to rig for bass. A bite on a Carolina rig can be a subtle tap. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. with it’s pointed nose it slides easily through the weeds or wood with out getting snagged. Areas were the bottom is made up of rocks and boulders that are very close together is another area where the rig is sure to get caught up. lizards or on Carolina rigs.

1 oz for deeper water or larger 6"+ soft plastic's Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible. In rigging your soft plastic�s on the hook use the same procedure as the Texas Rig above. if your using a bullet weight be sure the point is facing the rod tip. Sizes 5-6-7 Are large enough to stop the sliding weight. What you need for a Carolina Rig Assortment of Sinkers Types Bullet or Egg (Lead. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz. Then slip on a glass bead.3/16 . Slip on the sinker on your main line. 18" to 36" is the most common.1/2 . The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist. this adds sound that attracts bass and acts as a insulator protecting the knot from the banging of the weight. Tie on the leader to the other side of the swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knot .3/4 . the top loop makes it easy to tie on or let the weight slide up and down the line. Darseet Garasia Page 46 .1/4 oz for shallow water or 4" to 6" soft plastic's 3/8 . Offset Worm Hooks 1/0-2/0 . Casting All around general sinker used on many rigs. thumb bar line release medium line capacity. Tie your hook on to the leader on the other end tie on your swivel using a Palomar or Improved Clinch Knotfor both. the general rule is 18 inches of leader per 10 feet of water.Small Soft Plastic's 3/0-4/0 . Line: 10lb to 14 lb low stretch monofilament.5/0 Larger Soft Plastic's Lures Just about any type of soft plastic baits How to Rig Determine the leader length. Brass or Steel) 1/8 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Reel: Low profile bait casting reel 6:3:1 gear ratio.

instead of the hook add a snap or tie directly on a floating crank bait. The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig. For rivers with extreme current. Floating crank baits are a superb way to use the three way rig on rivers. The most common used is a casting (bell) type sinker ranging in weight sizes of 1/23/4-1 oz. When you see a bite the tip of the rod will twitch. In other words you do not want to have a bow in your line from the rod to the rig. They wiggle and wobble in the current. Unlike the sliding sinker bottom rig three-ways don�t slip. its time to set the hook using the upward sweeping motion of the rod. engage your reel keeping your finger on the line. so you don�t feed line upon a bite. The set-up for this is simple. The bite indicator is your rod tip the key to sense a strike is to have no excess line between the three-way and the rod. The three way is used from a stationary position. Catfish 6�-6" to 7�-0" Medium/Fast Action Baitcasting with 20lb to 30lb monofilament test line. troll upstream they vibrate madly go downstream move along slightly faster than the current to make the lure wiggle. free spool the line over the side of the boat until the sinker reaches the bottom. River currents creates drag on the line which reduces sensitivity and control. release as much for the desired length from the boat. Trolling Options With the depth control of the three way rig some innovative anglers use this rig for a trolling presentation. This set-up is excellent for river walleyes and white bass. as the slack of the line tightens. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig. anchored in a boat or from a shoreline. Suggested Tackle: Rod/Reel/Line Set-ups: White Bass/Stripers & Walleye 6�-6" to 7�0" Medium/Fast Action Spinning Rod and Reel with 10lb monofilament test line. As the sinker bounces along the bottom the crank bait will ride about 20 inches above. they are a fixed bottom rig mainly used on river systems to place the bait at a set distance off the bottom. It is also recognized as the wolf river rig. Tighten up the line as much as possible to have a direct line from the rod to the rig. experiment to find what the fish prefer.All you need to know about “FISHING” Three Way Rig The three way rig receives its name from the main swivel used on the rig. simply drop the rod tip towards the rig allowing it to collapse the rig back to the fish. bank and pyramid sinkers are rigged with weight sizes Darseet Garasia Page 47 . What you need for a three way rig Weight/Sinkers The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait.

one at 12 to 18 inches and the other at 24 to 36 inches to the other two eyes on the swivel. this way if the sinker gets hung up. Tip: If you fish in area�s with a lot of snags. You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up. Egg The egg sinker is used on multiple rigs. the lighter dropper line with the sinker breaks with out loosing the entire rig. reduce the drop line pound test for the sinker than the main line or hook line. Weight Sizes 1oz to 8 oz Darseet Garasia Page 48 . Flat Also known as a No Roll this flat sliding sinker planes right to the bottom and hold for use in heavy current. Hooks White Bass/Stripers Walleye size #4-#6 Octopus/Aberdeen Hooks/Floating Jigs size 4 Catfish size 1/0-2/0 Circle/Octopus Hooks Swivel A three way marine brass swivel size 4 How to Rig Tie the main line to one eye of the three way swivel. Disc Used in fast water currents lays flat on the bottom where snags are a problem. Tie the hook to the longer drop line (24/36") and the sinker to the other at (12/18") For all knots use the Improved Clinch Knot.All you need to know about “FISHING” starting from 1 oz up to 8 ounces. add/tie the drop lines. as a sliding sinker or pegged to function as a stationary weight. Weight Sizes 1/2 oz to 4 oz. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 oz.

Walking Sinker Rig and Sturgeon Rig.swivel/stop . Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you’re targeting it has many names the most common is the trade name Lindy Rig. Slip Rig. River Rig. This allows the sinker to “walk” on the bottom over rocks and rubble reducing the chance of snagging.floating jig. weight/sinker . The fishing presentation allows the sinker to rest on the water bottom with the bait suspended above. Walleye Rig. The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing.hook .or crawler/minnow rigs all used for live bait. Catfish Rig. Weight Sizes 1/8 oz to 1 1/2 oz.leader . Dependent on what part of the country your from and the species of fish you�re targeting it has many names the most common is the Lindy Rig a trade name.All you need to know about “FISHING” Pyramid Great sinker for fishing swift rivers and heavy surf that have a soft bottom (mud and sand) the corners dig in keeping the weight stationary. Sliding Sinker Bottom Rig The sliding sinker bottom rig is the most popular and versatile rig for live bait fishing. This feature prevents the a fish from feeling the weight as the line passes through the sinker. The semi-flat design also prevents it from rolling in faster currents. holding more weight. Weight Sizes 1 oz to 8 oz. others include: Live Bait Rig. Walking A very popular walleye angler sinker. The basic rig is simple. The bottom is also rounded and bent upwards. Darseet Garasia Page 49 . A rectangular sinker with rounded outside edges a top eye for the line with the bottom slightly wider and larger in size than top.

7�. release or cast allowing as much line out until it is at the desired distance from your boat. As a general rule you�ll need a 1/8 of an ounce for every 10 feet of depth for lake systems that have minimal of current.Start with few a 1/8 -1/4 and 1/2 ounce sinkers this will cover most lake fishing techniques. River Fishing In fishing rivers with current from a boat anchored or from a shoreline as a set line. Cast the rig and reel up the line until it is tight. While holding your rod periodically give it a small pump keeping your finger on the line. casting. for 6-10 feet of water 1/4 oz. for 35 feet and deeper The weight of the sinkers used on rivers is a totally dependent of the current speed and type of live bait. and pyramid sinkers are all used for river rigging ranging in Darseet Garasia Page 50 . Watch the rod tip closely as this will be the bite indicator. When the rod tip twitches. Use a bullet sinker when weeds are present. Walleye and catfish are notorious for picking up bait and dropping it as soon as they feel resistance. as the slack line becomes tight. Open the free spool on your reel allowing the fish to swim away on a free line after grabbing the bait. this adds action to your bait. But here are some general guidelines to follow: Weight/Sinkers Any type of sliding sinker will work for this rig. engage the reel and set the hook using a sweeping motion of the rod. Fishing from a Boat When casting the sliding sinker bottom rig allow the rig to sink to the bottom. disc.All you need to know about “FISHING” Suggested Tackle Rod: Walleye: 6�-6" . for 10-15 feet of water 1/2 oz. Set the rod in a rod holder. Slowly retrieve the rig along the bottom. Line: Large Catfish 20lb to 30lb test low stretch monofilament. for 15-25 feet of water 3/4 oz. Controlled Drifting or Trolling When front trolling. for 25-35 feet of water 1 oz. wait a few seconds. this brings the sinker up to the swivel/stop. After a few seconds engage the reel bring the line tight and set the hook. the basic principles apply the same. feel for bites as many times this acts as a trigger for a following fish. Leave the reel in free spool and use your finger to stop and hold the line. Recommended Sliding Sinker Weights 1/8 oz.0" Foot -Light to Medium Light Power Spinning / Fast action Rod: Large Catfish: 6�-6" to 7�-0" Foot -Medium Heavy Power Bait Casting / Fast action Reel: Walleye: Light spinning balanced tothe rod Reel: Large Line capacity Bait Casting. when a fish bites the live bait it usually pulls the line the opposite way of the sinker telegraphed by a small tug or twitch on your line. What you need for a sliding sinker bottom rig With the hundreds of options that this rig offers it is impossible to list all by types for each species and fishing conditions that you may encounter. Egg. back trolling or on a controlled drift. As the boat moves the line will become tight once the sinker reaches the bottom. This technique is highly successful for catfish and sturgeon on river systems. If you feel a twitch or a tap release you�re finger give it a few seconds engage the reel bringing the line tight slowly and set the hook. reel up the line until it is tight. Bullet sinkers will slide through the weeds better as the taper head will not pick up bits of vegetation and floating debris. open the free spool on your reel. Walking sinkers are the most generally used and work the best over rocks and along mud bottoms. Line: Walleye 6lb-8lb test low visibility monofilament. no roll.

Note: Length of leader and size of hook will vary based on the fishing conditions. Crawler and minnow prerigged harnesses with single or double blades work extremely well in stained or murky water by producing a loud blade vibrations helping the fish locate your bait. Live Bait All live bait will work on this rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” weights from a 1/8 to 8 ounces. it is invisible in the water and abrasion resistant and has low stretch.8lb to 10lb for light catfish & pike . For small minnow and leeches use size #6-#8 for walleye crappie and bass. After slipping the sinker on your line tie to the open end of the swivel on the leader using the Improved Clinch Knot. Barrel Darseet Garasia Page 51 . Catfish and sturgeon sizes range from 1 to 6/0. Swivels The swivels used should be of good quality and as small as possible. Tie the hook on one end using a Improved Clinch Knot tie the other end to the swivel using the same knot Thread the sinker onto your fishing line. The swivel keeps your line from twisting. no roll. acts as a weight stop on your line along with spreading bottom rigs ( 3way swivel) for proper presentations. Size #4 for larger minnows and night crawlers for walleye northern pike and trout. Swivels are also used as a component on a leader to attach your line. Hooks The octopus hook is the most widely used on this rig as a single hook or pre-rigged on a crawler/minnow rig harness. all quality hook manufactures produces them in various sizes and colors. and pyramid sinkers have no preference. Egg. Once tied. Bullet sinkers face the tapered end towards the rod tip. Swivels Swivels are a simple but yet important part on your fishing gear when it comes to rigging. The general function of the swivel is as a stopper for the weight rather than keeping out line twist. For the walking sinker make sure the bent bottom end is facing towards the rig or away from the rod tip. How to Rig Begin with making the leader. we recommend using fluorocarbon monofilament as the leader material. Start with cutting the length of leaders at 24-to-36 inches use 6 to 8 lb test for walleye and bass . the slip sinker should be above the swivel and move freely. Other hooking options include floating jigs sized by the hook #4-#6. You�re best bet is to check with the local sport shop or a local fishing guide in finding the correct type and weight for the proper set-up. This can be purchased at quality sport shops as 10 to 20 yard spools. casting.20lb for medium catfish -Large catfish & sturgeon 30 to 40lb test. disc. Be sure the swivel is large enough to stop the sliding weight.

Large Bait Slip Darseet Garasia Page 52 . Lighted Slip 3. The bobber or float presents the bait at a pre set depth and acts as a strike indicator when a fish bites. Waggler Slip 9. There are a variety colors. Weighted Spring Attached 4. Round Attached 2. Shy/Light Bite Slip 8. slip bobbers that the fishing line passes through for deep water fishing and the fixed bobber that uses a spring lock or snap for shallow water fishing. Popular Common Bobbers (Floats) 1. lighted or glow for night time fishing. Glow Slip 5. shapes and size bobbers available today.All you need to know about “FISHING” Ball Bearing Three Way Snap Swivel Fishing Bobbers (Floats) Fishing with a bobbers is one the most common and simple set-ups. Slip 6. Antenna Slip 7.

Darseet Garasia Page 53 . By doing this your success and catch rate will increase dramatically. For a bobber or float to work properly. this can be purchased at a store as rubber pellets. Using a bobber to hook length longer than the rod will restrict your casting ability and the fish landing as the attached bobber stops the line at the rod tip hampering your efforts to net the fish. only limited by the depth of the water and the amount of line on the reel. Conventional round bobbers achieve this by attaching directly to a fixed point on the line using a snap. there has to be some point to hold the bobber from movement on the line to float. by releasing the spring. To properly fish a attached bobber or slip bobber rig the key is to use the smallest and lightest tackle in order to present the live bait as natural as possible. in other words the amount of line from the attached bobber to your hook should be shorter than you�re rod length. Thus the angler using slip bobbers can fish at any depth. While the basic bobber set-up is simple we have witnessed over the years many anglers over-rig this set-up by using a extremely large hook. it is designed to move (slide) up and down the line and will not interfere with casting or landing a fish. and to detect a bite from your bobber. but at least they are fishing. small vinyl strips and dacron knots on a tube. The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. Unfortunately they never received guidance or advice for the correct presentation. connected to a pike leader attached to a tennis ball sized bobber. will hold the line. Many anglers began their first fishing experience using a red and white bobber rig off a dock or boat for panfish. cigar shaped floats use a spring that is pulled back with the line inserted into a slot.All you need to know about “FISHING” Sliding Slip Bobber Rig The slip bobber can be fished at any depth. especially large ones. or can be tied by the angler using this knot ( Stop Knot ) The bobber stop when used correctly is small enough to pass through the rod guides and reel mechanisms when retrieved or cast. it's design has a hollow tube through it and will slide freely from the hook or bottom weight to the stop. The stop point on the line is called a bobber stop. but is large enough to stop the bead on a slip bobber. The attached to line bobbers will work but are limited to very shallow water a few feet or so.

Adjust the bobber stop upward or add weight. bluegills.8 pound test monofilament. Oval Slip Floats A larger float used for larger minnows small suckers and red tail chubs. You should have variety of floats enabling to fish in various situations and conditions. down. The best bobber size is about 1 inch or equal to a quarter for small worms. Made of balsa. Great for kids who fish off a dock. set/slide the bobber stop accordingly. easy to cast. Start at 6" to 12" inches off the bottom and adjust the bobber stop upward from there. Fishing with attached bobber limit�s the amount of line to a few feet for shallow water.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing a slip bobber is an effective way to catch almost any species of fish. Once reeled up the slip bobber should rest above the split shot with the bobber stop on your reel. a alligator clip attached to a lead weight.4 . hump or crib. Clip the depth finder on the hook release the line until reaches the bottom. use the rod in a sweeping overhead motion away from the fish this helps ensuring a good hookset. Suggested Tackle: Any light rod & reel set-up will work but we suggest a longer rod in aiding longer casts and setting the hook. up. if the bobber goes flat on the water. These can purchased at any fishing shop for under two dollars. light with medium action spinning rod. that way it will be sensitive to any type of bite. Made of Styrofoam or balsa Pencil Slip Float This is the lightest and thinnest float used to detect a bite. made of Styrofoam or balsa. It�s time to fish. smaller for leeches and worms larger for minnows. If your bobber lays flat on the surface. For night fishing there are LED lithium battery tipped lighted floats. What you need for a slip bobber rig/bobber Type of Floats/Bobbers There are variations in styles and types of floats. you�re probably on the bottom or need additional weight. Cigar Shaped Slip Floats For light biting fish. An inexpensive tool to use in setting the correct depth off the bottom is a ice fishing depth finder. Easily cast and best used when fishing calm water over structure. Upon setting the proper depth and weight balance on the slip bobber.7' to 8' foot plus. To began. A popular float in Europe for light biting fish. and will work in waves or still water conditions. Matching the live bait. larger bait requires a larger float or a fishing presentation such asdrifting a float over a flat or fishing a targeted piece of structure. They come in a variety of sizes to match the live bait. Rod . They are a good choice Darseet Garasia Page 54 . Round Basic Bobber The round attached bobber comes in a rainbow of colors made of hard plastic or Styrofoam that have a spring clip on the bottom attaching to the line. the slip bobber rig should be balanced with the correct amount of weight including the live bait. Keep alert for any movements. Setting the correct depth is critical for successful slip bobbering. these have a thinner profile and offer the least resistance on a bite. After the cast wait for the bait to sink and the bobber to go upright before reeling in any slack line. crappies and bass often suspend higher. sideways. In setting the hook reel in any slack line. often referred as a shy bite or a waggler float. rock pile.Any good quality spinning reel balanced to the rod with a smooth drag. The bobber/float should only be large enough to hold your bait and float upright in the water. Pear Shaped Slip Float These are the most common. indicating a bite. Line . Walleyes and perch relate to bottom structure. Reel . this means a fish has taken your bait and is swimming upward eliminating the weight that kept the bobber upright.

Sizes #6 and #8 for worms and leeches. The Octopus hook is the most commonly used although circle hooks are equally effective. For instance the main line is 8lb use 4lb or 6lb test from the swivel down to the hook. Pull the loose tag ends of the knot semi-tight to be adjustable. be sure the top of the float is facing the rod tip. Start by placing the split shot 8 to 12 inches from the hook. How to rig a slip bobber Began by threading the stop knot tube on the line Push the stop knot off the tube onto the line toward the rod tip and remove tube. the knot is pushed off the tube to the line then tighten. Thread on the bead and slip float. Try this for early and mid season walleyes. The Dacron stop is the most universally used as well as the easiest to adjust on monofilament just wet the line and slide the stop to the proper setting. size #4 for minnows for walleyes and bass. Bobber Stops/Stop Knots There are three common types of bobber stops that are sold in shops.All you need to know about “FISHING” for (drifting) covering an expanse of water as the increased profile will drift along pushed from the wind and waves. Hooks Use the smallest hook possible to maintain the natural action of the live bait. purchase the assortment pack that comes in a round case for a selection of sizes and weight. leeches. if more than one split shot is used always place the smaller split shot closest to the hook. Minnows are the favorite during the spring and fall seasons with leeches and worm/night crawlers used during warmer summer months. they attach by running the line through the loop and pull the stop onto the line. Vinyl/Plastic strips that have small holes that you weave the line through and the Dacron knot stop that come on a small tube which is threaded onto the line. Rubber pellets that come attached to a fine wire loop. Made of Styrofoam or balsa. The correct weight and placement will keep your line vertical through the water allowing the float to indicate even the lightest bite. Trim off the tag ends close to the knot. Pinch on a split shot below the float and tie on the hook on using a Improved Clinch Knot. the tag ends are trimmed off. Each size and type of slip bobber will require different sized split shot weights. Weight/Sinkers Proper weighting and placement are the utmost important when using a slip bobber. If you get snagged and Darseet Garasia Page 55 . Another option is using a jig 1/64 to 1/8 ounce this offers color to the bait as well as a horizontal presentation. this will allow your bait to appear more natural. Live bait Worms. Tip Add a small barrel swivel above the split shot using lighter line than the main line. All fishing shops and discount stores sells split shots. minnows. Crappies and bluegills try a gold Aberdeen long shank hook size #6 or#8 tipped with a small minnow or redworm. All three come with stop beads if the hole on the float is too large for the stop. Split shots come in standard round once pinched on your line they can be difficult to pry open to remove or reusable which features tiny wings that you can pinch between the thumb and forefinger to remove or move on the line which we recommend to start out with.

Chubs. In Northern States. The following are the most popular live bait used. native to most states. Dependent on the time of the year and water temperatures or when fishing slows down live bait is definitely the preferred choice for a successful catch. ponds and slow moving streams." They come in two different colors. Fishing with Live Bait With all of the innovative and high tech features that artificial lures currently have. It saves you time not chasing a floating bobber. black and rosy red (orange). it will also save you money by learning how to keep your bait alive. and crappie to feed on. This keeps the float as the swivel acts as a stop on your main line. or "blackhead. and their maximum length seldom exceed three inches in size thus making them one of the best forage fish available for bass. "ruby red".All you need to know about “FISHING” had to break the line. They generally reach 2 to 3 inches in length and have a life span of two to three years. active fresh minnows. Fathead Fatheads are the most popular and universal of baitfish and are commonly used as forage for game fish. Fatheads feed on small organic organisms. the fathead minnow inhabits boggy. Minnows are apart of a fish family that includes over 250 species in North America. fishing with live bait still produces over 50% of freshwater game fish caught in North America. The fathead minnow is a fresh water fish. bluegill. walleye. Shiners and Suckers. Spawning begins when the water temperature reaches 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit and repeats monthly until water cools down in the fall. stained colored lakes. types of containers and care for inland freshwater fishing. In Southern states it lives in silt or mud bottomed lakes ponds and slow moving rivers. Chub (Creek Chub) Darseet Garasia Page 56 . worms and leeches catch fish. The most commonly used and commercially sold minnows are Fatheads. Whether you buy or catch your bait it should always be kept fresh and lively. you would only lose the hook and split shot by breaking the lighter line. Fathead minnows are sometimes called "tuffy". Most live bait are purchased at a local Sport Shop or for a rewarding experience can be caught by yourself. Fishing with Bait Fish To most anglers the word minnow means a small fish used for bait.

S.All you need to know about “FISHING” Creek chubs are a main forage item for many predators. In comparison with similar species. Because they often school in lakes. with the exception of a few upper Western States. is olive brown on the back. the head. shallow sections of lakes. Gravel in riffles is often used for spawning. At the base of the tail. Golden shiners live in clear. and smallmouth bass. The creek chub is one of the "Big Three" native minnows (the other two are common shiner and hornyhead chub). Their color is basically silvery with a dusky back. also known as the redtail chub. and mouth of the common shiner seem noticeably large. Because it is common and readily caught it is important forage fish for many game fish as a popular bait minnow. Golden shiners spawn over an extended period from May to July. Their native range is Midwest and Eastern States. largemouth bass. especially in the Northern States for ice fishing. weedy. The hornyhead feeds primarily on insect larvae. The common shiner feeds at or just below the water surface primarily on insects. some reach 8 inches. brown trout. river chub some males excavate their own small nests. quiet. Creek chubs can live for 7-8 years although few make it past 5. They have been observed using active nests of largemouth bass to deposit their own eggs. but they commonly spawn over the nest of a creek chub. Both young and adult fish show schooling patterns in shallow depths no greater than 2-3 ft. such as earthworms and crustaceans. The male constructs a nest carrying small rocks in his mouth to the spawning site. Eggs are released. Creek Shiner. It inhabits both warm and coldwater streams and may be found in the same cooler waters as trout. It is used as a popular baitfish for walleyes and northern pike. loons. Redfin Shiner. Little creek chubs even have to watch out for bigger creek chubs. but eats other small animals. Hornyhead Chub ( Red Tail Chub) The hornyhead chub. silvery on the sides. young fish have a distinct spot. Also known as Roach. This spot becomes less distinct with age. Golden Shiner The golden shiner are found throughout the U. some algae is also eaten. Eastern Shiner. This behavior is quite remarkable since largemouth bass are know to feed heavily on them. kingfishers. northern pike. and occasionally rivers. The finished nest is a small mound of stones 1-3 feet in diameter and a few inches high. Females reach about 7"-8" weigh up to 8-10 oz. fertilized and allowed to settle into vegetation while mating fish continue to swim. and mergansers also commonly eat them. such as walleyes. Also known as Silver Shiner. eyes. Spawning occurs from late May through June. ponds. Common shiners spawn in spring. Adult males reach a length of about 6 to 9 inches (females are smaller). Common Shiner Common shiners average about 2 1/2 to 4 inches long. and creamy below. Males sometimes attain lengths of 10"-12" and weigh up to 12 oz. The eggs are deposited into a small depression opened by the male in the nest. American Roach and Pond Shiner Darseet Garasia Page 57 . which is red. Young golden shiners are silvery with a dark band on the side as they mature the band fades developing a golden color with a dark bronze brown back.

Here’s a few pointers in keeping your live bait alive long enough to be useful especially during the summer months 1. The white sucker is widely distributed through out most of the U. The action of a struggling minnow/sucker on a hook with a natural scent will draw attention of nearby fish even enticing neutral or negative mood fish to a reactionary strike. sloughs. White suckers feed on a variety of invertebrates found among stream and lake substrates. Their color is olive brown. Care and Keeping of Baitfish When fishing with minnows and suckers having fresh lively bait can make a world of difference in getting a bite. slender sucker. 2. If the water in your bait container turns cloudy because of ammonia being released (waste) by the baitfish or they are at the top gasping for air the water needs to be changed. gray sucker. The white sucker goes by a number of other names. some unusual specimens weighing as much as 8 pounds. Warm water greatly reduces the oxygen content. Central Mudminnows occur in quiet areas of streams. a few drops goes a long way. with up to 14 indistinct brown vertical bars on the sides and a prominent dark vertical bar located at the base of the tail. and they can tolerate low oxygen levels. june sucker and white horse. Water from a well or bottled water requires no de-chlorinator. Keep them Cool…. but do not overload the ice or the temperature drop will shock the fish and kill them. Preferred bait for many walleye anglers because of its hardiness. Although the white sucker is found in a wide variety of water conditions. In adding or changing water from a city tap use a de-chlorinator to remove the chlorine. black mullet. brook sucker. Used extensively as a bait minnow where plentiful. and they have a cylindrical shape. The most common used for bait is the White Sucker. White suckers are usually about 10-20 inches long and weigh 1-2 pounds.. Mudfish and Dogfish Suckers Suckers are found in nearly all types of waters with 80 species native to North America.. Small amounts of ice can be added periodically. swamps and other wetlands over mud and debris and often found in dense vegetation. coarse-scaled sucker. large scales. mud sucker. Rapid change in temperature will send the baitfish into shock and they eventually die. mottled throughout. like common sucker.S. The belly is yellow to white and fins are brownish. sucker. Keep your bait bucket in the shade and out of direct sunlight. mullet. Note: (VHS) Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia is a deadly fish virus and a invasive species that is Darseet Garasia Page 58 . larger suckers for muskies. Changing the Water…. Young white suckers are used as bait for walleyes and northern pike. If you're on a lake or river make sure you temper the water in the minnow bucket to the same temperature as the water system you're fishing by adding small amounts of water rather than submerging the entire bucket. these fish typically inhabit lakes and reservoirs that have tributary streams. Also known as Mississippi mud minnow. Most bait shops or your local pet store have chlorine removers in a liquid. They tolerate low oxygen levels and extreme water temperatures.All you need to know about “FISHING” Mud Minnow The upper part of the body is olive-brown in color.Nothing kills minnows and suckers quicker than extreme heat. water systems.

please check your Local Sport Shop / State Department of Natural Resources fishing regulations concerning the use. Small Chubs & Shiners) 2"-3 1/2" Standard 8 Qt 4-5 dozen Large ( Chubs. By hooking the baitfish through the lips will keep the water from circulating into the gills and it will eventually die. Suckers & Shiners) 3 1/2" . and increase the toxic ammonia level from their waste. Using this method the baitfish will keep it alive for a longer time. Here is a recommended guide line based on minnow sizes and a standard sized minnow bucket at 8 quart capacity. Lip hooked baitfish are used tipped on a jig or live bait rigs. a floating/bobber set-up or for ice fishing hooking a baitfish on a tip-up.1" Standard 8 Qt 6 dozen Medium ( Fathead’s. This hooking technique is used when stationary fishing. 3.All you need to know about “FISHING” threatening many game fish in North American water systems. Proper amount of bait…. The second option is hooking the baitfish through it’s back in front of the dorsal fin.and Up Standard 8 Qt 1-1 1/2 dozen Large Suckers 10" -18" Recommended 5 gallon bucket or larger 2-3 suckers Rigging Baitfish There are three basic options to bait a minnow on a hook. sliding weight bottom rig. Small ( Crappie Fathead Minnows) 3/4". bottom bouncers. The first is in the mouth insert the point of the hook under the lower lip and push the hook through the top lip. the hook shank will be facing forward with the tip of the hook facing up. Please support and follow all regulations in helping the DNR stop this threat. Before fishing with live minnows and suckers. Lip hooked baitfish also work well on preserved baits. drop shot rig or on a float/bobber set-up. Check your bait often. If you over fill your container with minnows by the time you get to your destination from the bait shop probably and 1/3 or more of your bait will be dead floating on the top. transport and disposal of baitfish including the use of water from bait containers. be careful to pierce only the skin and not through the spine. This allows the baitfish to look natural as it swims forward. Darseet Garasia Page 59 . Over crowding of minnows or suckers in a bait container will immediately reduce the amount of available oxygen.

The inner bucket has a floating cover with a snap open door the bottom is perforated like a strainer. Fishing Baitfish Containers The basic angling tool in keeping and transporting live baitfish to your fishing spot is the minnow bucket. Use a simple split shot and hook rig cast the minnow gently and let it sink and drift while it swims freely.All you need to know about “FISHING” The final option is hooking through the tail for free-line fishing. Standard Two Bucket Design The traditional lift out bait bucket has a outer hard plastic bucket with a inner liner that fits inside. air hoses. There are other styles and options available to make your fishing more efficient and convenient. aerators and pliers. Darseet Garasia Page 60 . holes and clips for holding dip nets. Other features now include notches. The trolling bucket constantly aerates the bait as it moves through the water. ending with the hook tip and shaft facing rearward. Years back galvanized steel bait buckets were used and are still found in many tackle shops. Today the traditional minnow bucket is still used only made from hard plastic. Here's a quick overview to choosing the right style of bucket for the different ways you may fish. It is also useful when stationary fishing in keeping bait fresh and lively by placing the inner bucket liner in the lake or off a dock as a holding container. The weighted keel design keeps the bucket from rolling over and positions the self closing bait door floating face up for easy access to your bait. Trolling Buckets Trolling style buckets are ideal when trolling as they pull easily behind boat or in current when wading. This lets the angler to select bait from the liner by lifting out of the outer bucket draining the water. Insert the hook tip at the fleshy base of the tail and run it through.

For storing baitfish for several days add a battery powered aerator keeping the water oxygenated. The water should be periodically checked and changed. The inner liner keeps baitfish cool during the warm months it also reduces freezing of water in colder temperatures. apply a thin layer of Vaseline around the outer edge of the lid and bucket. Styrofoam Buckets For the seasoned angler we can bet that you have a collection of Styrofoam buckets in your garage or fishing shed. To eliminate freezing lids. over time the foam liner should be cleaned from residue build up with a fine grit sandpaper and rinsed with plain water using no soap or cleaners. They do come in handy when you need a extra bucket or forgot to bring yours along to the bait shop. Aerators Darseet Garasia Page 61 . with the solid lid design trying to pour out water with baitfish inside can be a tricky in not losing bait. The drawbacks are they are fragile and changing water. Foam buckets do a excellent job of keeping baitfish alive in heat or cold they insulate well and keep the water temperature consistent.All you need to know about “FISHING” Plastic Insulated Buckets By combining a foam liner and the durability of a molded plastic outer bucket you have the best portable container for baitfish. *Tip* For ice fishing foam buckets work very well in keeping the water from freezing but the lid in colder weather tends to freeze to the bucket.

Other upgraded options include adapters to hook up to a 12 volt battery. hose and stone and save money. porch or fishing cottage. it will vibrate and move around. tipped on jig or under a bobber set-up for walleye. this allows the bait to float off the bottom when using weighted bottom rig. pump failure will result in a bucket of dead minnows. Darseet Garasia Page 62 . The other consideration is sound. Portable aerators use batteries from sizes from AA to D cells and have clips for attaching to bait bucket lids with air hoses and air stones. bluegill. invest in a high quality aerator that markets itself as whisper operation or quiet bubbles. in the long run you will be glad you did. air pump. you do not want your baitfish churning around your bucket in waves. a built in light helpful for low light and night time fishing and low and high output oxygen level adjustment controls.All you need to know about “FISHING” Buying an aerator will quickly pay for itself by reducing the mortality rate of your baitfish along with keeping your bait fresh and lively. There are hundreds of species of earthworms in North America. smaller bubbles carry more oxygen. Night Crawlers For years the night crawler has been the leading live bait choice among the majority of anglers. *Tip* To make a night crawler more visible and enticing to fish inject them with small amounts of air. *Tip* If your using a plug in aerator always keep the pump above the water line so water can't siphon back if a power failure occurs. Fishing with Night Crawlers & Red Worms The earthworm is the most widely used bait for freshwater fishing and is one of easiest natural bait to collect and keep. Some tackle companies sells 110 volt air pump systems or you can visit your local pet shop and buy the components. catfish. Gentle aeration is the key. secure the pump so it does not fall off into the water. trout. a small bottle with a needle and a protective cap. all have the same general shape but differ in size and color. As a pump operates. any type of hook/weight rig. This allows you to keep baitfish alive for days in your garage. rock bass and other Panfish as well. we can attest for this first hand. The night crawler is deadly and irresistible to most large game fish when used as live bait on a crawler harness. Bait shops sell worm air injectors. and sturgeon. The most common and popular worms used for bait are: Night Crawlers and Red Worms. largemouth and smallmouth bass. Using a small piece of a night crawler you can have fun catching perch. Anglers that will store baitfish for an extended period of time in a cooler or a baitfish tank should look at buying a plug in aerator rather than replacing batteries. remember you will be listening to the humming of the pump while fishing.

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Night crawlers are easy to keep and sold at all bait shops, some gas stations and sporting goods section at discount stores. Many anglers prefer to collect their own bait by yanking night crawlers out of their holes in the backyard. If you're night crawler hunting the best time is evening after a hard spring or summer rain, it can be as simple as picking them off the street, especially the ones that have low curbs with grass parkways, darker streets are more productive than well lit ones as they are light sensitive. Searching in grass under leaves and rocks where the soil is moist use a flashlight and cover the lens with red cellophane, night crawlers for some reason can feel white light, shine a flashlight directly on a night crawler and they will slide very quickly back into their hole. Night crawler picking is fun on a warm summer evening after a rain, just bring a container and get plenty of bait for free. Red Worms

Red worms also known as leaf worms, garden worms and red wigglers. They are very popular live bait for game fish that prefer smaller worms, such as panfish, bluegill, perch and trout. Red worms are hardy and not as sensitive to temperature as the common night crawler. They are also very active when placed on a hook as they wiggle attracting and catching fish. Red worms are especially effective when it comes to bait stealers, small mouthed sunfish that nibble at the bait, to increase the catch thread a red worm on a hook and leave the hook point uncovered. *Tip* Most youngsters are taught how to fish by starting out with hook, weight, bobber and carton of red worms off of a dock or from shore. If your looking to set-up your child with rod and reel here's a recommendation: Buy a quality 5 1/2 ft spin cast ( closed faced combo) light action spooled with 6lb test, this will be better and easier for kids than the short brightly colored fishing outfits that are available. For rigging purchase a package of size 8 aberdeen long shank hooks a pack of BB sized split shots and a few bobbers that attach to the line about the overall size of a quarter, the smaller bobber is intended to suspend your bait in the water and alert when to set the hook. Using a larger bobber the harder it will be to set the hook and detect a bite. To complete the set-up tie on the hook using a clinch knot above about 6-10 inches place a spilt shot or two then attach the bobber. Worm Care & Storage

Night crawlers and red worms are stored refrigerated in bait shops as they require a dark and cooler environment to survive. When fishing with earthworms for the day they should always be kept in the shade and out of direct sunlight especially when it‘s very warm. Nothing smells worse than a container of sun baked worms. After your day on the water to keep your bait fresh either put them in a cooler with ice, place the container on top you don’t want to drown your bait in the cooler water or place the container in a refrigerator.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”

For keeping worms in a good condition for a extended period of time you should consider buying a portable worm carrier. Most containers made of a insulated material that will maintain a cool moist environment that worms enjoy. Some models can be dipped into water to aid in keeping them moist others have external ice pack holders for hot days. To get at the worms easily many have two access doors that you can flip the container over when they burrow to the bottom, make sure the container has a snug fitting lockable doors. Another choice is what material to store them in. We recommend buying commercially made worm bedding available at most tackle shops. The cellulose organic based bedding makes temperature and moisture regulation easier. Many worm containers have kits with bedding included just follow the instructions on the package. Fishing with Leeches

Leeches are the most plentiful of all the baits. They can be left in a container of water for a long time without food. Walleyes love leeches almost all year round and they are classified as universal bait for walleyes. Fish eat many types of leeches, but only the ribbon leech is widely used as bait. The color of a ribbon leeches varies from pure black to light brown and some have a brown or olive background with many black spots. Leeches are easy to keep alive. They are not as sensitive to temperature changes as minnows, and they require relatively little oxygen. Leeches can be kept alive until fall, even without food, but they should be allowed to clean themselves. Anglers can keep the bait "cleaner" by rinsing the leeches on a daily basis and storing them in fresh, clean water in a cool place. The summer is the best time to fish with leeches; by mid-summer most of the adult leeches have deposited cocoons and die off. Also, in the summer time the leech will wiggle more below a bobber than a worm. When drifting or trolling, anglers will catch suspended walleyes on floating jigheads and slip sinker rigs.

About Fishing Lures
For the beginning angler, walking into a bait and tackle shop for the first time can be overwhelming because of the huge selection of lures by type, color and sizes. Many just buy a tackle box and fill it with a random assortment of lures and hope through trial and error one works, others just purchase a lure or two and use it all day. When building a tackle selection one must consider the species of fish you're targeting along with the season you're fishing in. Expert fishermen understand seasonal locations of fish and the proper presentation, meaning the choice of lure and how to retrieve it. This builds confidence knowing how to fish the proper lure at the proper depth to maximize your catch rate, and catching fish is the quickest way to gain confidence. When buying lures to cover multiple fishing presentations select a few of each type and color by using these factors listed below.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Depth Depth is a major factor in lure selection. There are three categories or lure types, surface, sub-surface and deep. Let's start with Spring, when most gamefish move into the shallow water to spawn and seek food. Surface lures and shallow running lures are the best choice. During the Summer months fish move to deeper water where deep running lures and jigs are used. When fall arrives fish tend to move back to shallower water sub-surface and surface lures will be effective. Cover Species such as largemouth bass and northern pike will be related to weeds throughout the year. When fishing thick weeds and brush use a lure with a weed guard (weedless) to prevent snagging. Always have a few surface lures on hand as well when fishing around cover especially during the early morning and evening hours. Level of Fish Activity The gamefish level of activity determines the size and action of the lure. For instance water temperature affects fish more than and other elements, and weather conditions play a major role, such as when a cold front arrives. Cold water reduces the fish activity and it is best to downsize your lure and present your lure slowly. For muskies and northern pike use lures such as jerk baits and gliders with a pause between in your retrieve, walleyes use jigging spoons twitched and paused along with small jigs tiped with live bait crawled on the bottom will work well. During warm stable weather as the fish's metabolism is active they feed readily. This is the best time to be on the water to fish, inline spinners, spinner baits, spoons and crank baits with fast retrieves will move and catch fish. Lure Colors, Light & Water Clarity Many articles have been written and theories discussed about lure color and how the water clarity affects the colors. All water acts as a light filter depending on the clarity, (clear or stained) and depth of the lure. It has been a general rule of thumb that lighter colored lures work the best in clear water in stained or murky water fluorescent colored are favored. The other cliché is light color on bright days and dark colors on overcast days no matter what the water color is. But this does not explain why dark colors such as purple or black worms for largemouth bass works so well on clear water on a bright day. Lure Sizes Sizing of lures is also apart of the proper presentation. Here is a recommended chart for length of lures for various game fish. Crappies, Perch, Bluegills-1-2" River Trout-1-3" White Bass-1-3" Smallmouth Bass-2-5" Largemouth Bass-2-6" Walleyes-3-6" Salmon, Lake Trout-3-7" Muskies, Northern Pike-4-12"
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Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits Fishing Spinners Fishing Spoons Fishing Jigs
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Surface lures work especially well when fish are shallow and the water temperature is 60 degrees or warmer. Minnow Baits. insects. or the splash pop and gurgle of a surface plug or just the sound of hooks clicking the lure body. frogs. Many avid anglers still consider wooden plugs the best lure having better action than similar ones made from plastic. For lure colors a very good universal color is black. Most plugs replicate some type of baitfish but some types of plugs resemble mice. Green/White for Frogs. stained or dark. Plugs attract fish by there action and flash. But there has been fish caught on surface lures in the middle of the day. The best hours to fish surface lures are generally early in the morning and at dusk into the evening. The water should be relatively calm otherwise the fish do not notice the action. and snakes that fish prey on. Black provides the best silhouette against the sky as the fish looks upward towards the water surface. A few lure manufacturers still use wood in making lure bodies. Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of plugs and how they are used: Surface Lures: (Topwater) There is nothing more exciting to see a fish strike a surface lure. Crawlers Darseet Garasia Page 66 . producing sounds that draws the attention of game fish. crayfish. and White/Blue/Chrome for Shad and Shiners. Other colors will work as well dependent on the forage in the water system such as Orange/Yellow for Perch. Crankbaits & Creatures The word "Plug" was used many years ago to describe a lure that was handcarved from a block of wood. but most modern day plugs are made from hollow plastic or molded plastic. Many new plastic plugs today have internal chambers filled with shot producing a rattling sound that attracts fish. some hardwoods and pine. it works well on all water types clear.All you need to know about “FISHING”  Fishing Soft Plastics Fishing Plugs & Crankbaits Fishing with Surface Lures. It may be the vibration of a minnow bait swimming through the water. mainly balsa. There are two category of plugs Surface (Topwater) and Subsurface (Diving).

has wings mounted on the side that will swim across the water. Commonly used for fishing pike and muskies. Surface Wobbler Darseet Garasia Page 67 . The tail rotating lures works well on calm water to slight chop. Chuggers Chuggers have an indented cup on the face of the lure. Center Rotating Blade Commonly know as a Globe. A favorite of bass anglers for many years.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crawlers produce a plopping/gurgling sound. also known as a creeper. this has been a favorite surface lure for muskie anglers for many years. The center blade rotates upon the retrieve producing a bubble trail. (Left) This crawler. Rotating Tail The tail section rotates creating a plopping noise from the blade attached. used on calm water with a steady slow retrieve. (Right) A large face plate will make this crawler body move back and forth producing a wake on the surface. it catches water when the lure is jerked over the surface producing a popping/chugging sound.

run it slow with a straight retrieve. or buzz it across the water to trigger aggressive feeding fish. The angler must supply lure action through a series of short sharp cadence pulls upon the retrieve creating the side to side action known as "walk the dog" on the surface. Darseet Garasia Page 68 . and the tail prop adds a wake. Also known as torpedo lure. they also have no built in wobble. Flaptail The flaptail rocks back and forth while the brass blade on the tail slaps the water with a plopping sound. Used on calm water. this topwater lure is versatile. Stickbait The stickbait has no lip or propellers. pop it using a stop and go method. Also know as Propbait or Topper Bait. Propeller The propeller lure has props on the nose and tail or on the tail. The retrieve is very slow allowing the bait to work. Work this lure slow on calm water in the evening.All you need to know about “FISHING” The jointed surface wobbler creates a clicking sound as the lure rocks back and forth when retrieved. Excellent lure for new anglers to experience top water fishing.

All lure companies provide the running/diving depth of each lure on their box or packaging. strong jerks.All you need to know about “FISHING” Subsurface Plugs (Diving. Diving lures will catch fish in any type of water calm or rough any time of the day. mid range 5-10 feet and shallow are 1-3 feet. These are classified as gliders. Shallow running lures will have lip placed vertically off of the nose creating a water resistance forcing the lure to run shallow. The deep runners are classified as 10 feet plus. Sinking) There are two categories of subsurface plugs. It is wise to have a few of each to cover the fishing situations you could encounter. The first are diving lures that dive with attached plastic/metal lips or dive based on the lure body design such as cupped. Floating. Diving lures will run at depths from just under the surface at 1 foot to 20 feet or greater. Floating Minnow (Crankbait) This is the most popular type and the most versatile crankbait lure designed to Darseet Garasia Page 69 . In selecting lures with a lip attached to the nose of the lure the angle of lip will determine the running depth of the lure. jerkbaits and twitch baits. these are commonly known as crankbaits. Mid range divers will have a lip set at a 45 degree angle. the action of the each lure is achieved through a series of cadence pulls. both have floating or sinking models. The second group of plugs refer to the action of the lure provided by the angler in the retrieve. or short stop and go techniques. pointed head or a flattened curved forehead. all have a side to side wiggle action as they travel through the water. for instance a deep running lure will have a elongated lip attached approximately 90 degrees horizontal from the nose which acts as a diving plane forcing the lure downward.

timed tested and still today catch many fish. or a flattened curved forehead all have a side to side wobble action as they travel through the water. These lures imitate the forage of shad and perch with a wider or fatter body style. The lure body design to dive is based on a cupped. For trolling using a midrange lip off of downrigger or lead core line the lure will maintain the set depth. When casting deep running lures this allows the angler to bounce lures off of deep structure (bottom bouncing) such as rocks or wood with out getting snagged by letting the lure just float up after making contact. In casting the angler can pop the lure along the surface or crank it a few feet down to 5 to 8 feet with a straight retrieve. For shallow lures running at 1-3 feet as a floater this will maintain the shallow depth.All you need to know about “FISHING” imitate a thin bodied baitfish. Anglers who use midrange running lures have a few more options. Vibrating (Crankbait) Darseet Garasia Page 70 . Made from balsa wood and hollow plastic with and with out internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle. Floating Shad/Perch (Crankbait) Similar to the floating minnow style with a diving lip. Floating Lipless (Crankbait) The series of lures shown above have been made for many years.

All you need to know about “FISHING” These thin bodied lures do not have a diving lip and are attached to the line with the eye on top of the head. resulting in a tight wiggle. Most are sinking models but some do float at rest. Very good lure for finicky fish that follows and don’t bite. The angler simply cast the lure and count’s down at a rate of 1 foot per second to the specified depth and retrieves the lure. when stopped the lure will remain suspended and motionless in the water. The sinking lure uses a midrange lip to maintain the depth until the end of the retrieve. Sinking (Crankbait) Also known as a countdown this lure is weighted to sink horizontally. All vibrating lures have internal chambers filled with shot to produce a loud rattle. The presentation is an erratic jerk pause type of retrieve. The lure is designed using an internal weight system or a weighted tape to achieve neutral buoyancy. Darseet Garasia Page 71 . When fish suspend over 10 feet at a specific depth the sinking lure is a very good option to use. Neutrally Buoyant (Crankbait) Also referred as a suspending lure or a jerk bait.

the action of each lure is in part provided by the angler. The Glider (Bottom) is retrieved using timed cadence short pulls causing the lure to glide side to side or a underwater walk the dog action Darseet Garasia Page 72 . Many have a metal tail that can be bent to change the action and depth setting. Floating (Jerkbait) These are large elongated plugs intended for fishing muskies and pike. Generally most trolling plugs float at rest and dive based on the flattened forehead that creates a wide erratic wobble through the water. To achieve the depth required for a successful controlled trolling depth anglers use a online diving plane (Dipsey Diver) or attached to an line release on a downrigger.All you need to know about “FISHING” Floating (Trolling Plugs) These are designed and used primarily for trolling as they are relatively too light to cast. up down side to side action. They float at rest and dive when given a strong jerk or pull then float upward to the surface. The Twitch bait (Top) is retrieved with a series of short taps of the rod or twitches which gives the lure a erratic motion. Sinking (Gliders & Twitch) Gliders and Twitch baits are lipless and sink.

Buzzbaits. prism. Other than baitfish they will also feed on crawfish. photo and holographic finishes. Green. glass. Blue. here’s a few top producers. Dark Green top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Firetiger ) Blue top Chartreuse sides orange belly ( Parrot ) Orange top & sides Chartreuse belly (Hot Tiger ) Red Head Chartreuse Body ( Clown ) Fishing Spinners InLine. Ciscoes. foil. Spinnerbaits. In building your lure assortment the best is to mimic the dominant forage in the waters your fishing. swimming rodents. Purple top with Silver sides Black top with White sides All Silver Chrome or White Structure Orientated Forage: Perch. frogs. water snakes. Here’s a simple guideline of basic successful colors: Open Water Suspended Forage: Shad. Livebait Spinners Darseet Garasia Page 73 . Shiners. chrome. The above photo shows lures that imitate each type. Smelt Black. Lure Colors Crankbaits are available in a spectrum of colors and finishes. Minnows Black top with Gold sides (Sucker) Black top with Silver sides (Minnow) Black top with Orange sides (Perch-Crawfish) Black top with Green sides with Bars (Perch) Brown top Orange or Red sides (Crawfish) Fluorescent Colors For dark. Alewives. Crawfish. stained or muddy waters the hot colors work effective. Suckers. painted.All you need to know about “FISHING” creating a dart and flash of the lure. Creatures Freshwater game fish are predatory by nature there also opportunistic and will take advantage of any food source presented to them to fill their feeding needs. amphibians and insects.

Third are buzzbaits. Second are spinnerbaits.Indiana 3. 1. Fish can see the flash of the revolving blade in clear or stained water.Inline 7. Spinners have four basic designs.Indiana Fluted 4. These are good for fast retrieves in swift conditions. In using spinnerbait’s the willow blade is a good choice around vegetation and cover as they revolve tight to the upper arm catching less floating debris and weeds. They will have a lead head molded on the lower arm and a spinner attached on the upper arm using a swivel. they are similar to a spinnerbait or a inline spinner but have a specially designed rotating propeller for surface fishing. some models have multiple blades that are attached on the upper arm using a clevis and a bead stop. Darseet Garasia Page 74 . When the lure is in motion the blade spins creating varying degrees of flash and vibration that mimics small fish. first is the standard inline that have a blade or blades that rotate around a straight wire using a clevis. Spinners are relatively easy to use.Colorado 2. and when a fish strikes a spinner usually it will usually hook itself.Willow From the image above the Colorado will run the highest in the water producing the most vibration. Turtle Back and French are intermediate styles running at mid range depth levels used for slow to medium retrieves in light river current or lakes. and deeper water presentations. Fourth are live bait spinners that use night crawlers or minnows on a hook or a series of hooks with a spinner blade in front of the live bait. All blades have a different amount of resistance as it travels through the water.All you need to know about “FISHING” Spinners refers to a family of fishing lures that have a metal shaped blade(s) attached to the wire of the lure. they will catch fish with a simple straight retrieve. Spinners will catch all types of game fish. The Indiana. in dark or murky water they will use their lateral-line to feel the vibration from the turning blade. A broad blade such as the Colorado will rotate at a greater outward angle from the wire shaft producing a lift and thump compared to a narrow willow blade which will run tighter to the shaft and spin faster producing less sound.Turtle Back 5. The Inline and Willow run the deepest as they spin tightest to the wire shaft. most all inline spinners have a weight on the wire to make the spinner heavy enough to cast.French 6. Fluted. this spinner is shaped like an open safety pin. Understanding Blade Styles The main fish attracting component of a spinner is the blade. The type of blade and shape will determine the depth and sound (the thump) of a spinner upon retrieve.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Blade Sizes The sizes of spinner blades are based on a numerical system starting with 0 or 0/0. size 3-4-5 for bass and pike up to the 7-8 for muskies along with the new popular magnum 10. With the advancement of synthetics materials such as flashabou and silicone skirts adds a fluttering flash in different incandescent or solid colors increasing the total flash profile of the spinner. metal flakes. The inline spinner that has two blades is commonly referred as a bulger which rides high in the water even breaking (bulging) the surface when retrieved rapidly. Blade Colors There are countless blade finishes. the smallest for stream trout spinners. Painted blades flash less but create more underwater contrast. and incandescent colors. The larger the blade size the more water resistance and vibration when compared to the same shape in a smaller version. Multiple Bladed Spinners Many of the spinners today offer double blade options. The dressed tail also provides lift and resistance enabling the angler to retrieve the lure at a slower rate. the most common are metallic hues with silver. Spinnerbaits that have 2 blades in "tandem" provide more flash which gives the image of schools of bait fish. They can be particularly effective during low-light conditions or in murkier water. Other options are soft plastic tail dressings such as an imitation minnow or tailed grub. Spinner Tails. gold and copper which provides a flash to sight-feeding predators in clear or stained water. Years back traditional hook dressings on spinners have been animal hair (deer hair. profile and action of the lure. Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spinners and how they are used: Darseet Garasia Page 75 . Soft plastics are also used on traditional dressed spinners tails to change the appearance. Skirts and Dressings Tying materials to the tail of a inline spinner or silicone skirts on spinner baits adds a realistic appearance and increases the profile of the lure as it swims through the water. squirrel tails and "marabou" from chickens) with a few feathers as attractors especially red. Depending on personal preferences and fishing conditions many anglers prefer to use an undressed spinner for speed and depth relying on the blade flash and vibration as the only attractors. colors and combinations for spinners today on the market. Spinner bait skirts over the years also evolved from the solid living rubber colors to silicone skirts because of all the available molded-in patterns. these are known as trailers.

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Types of Spinners: Inline

The traditional inline spinner shown in three variations (Top) French Blade Dressed Deer Hair Tail (Middle) French Blade Plain Undressed (Bottom) Willow Blade Soft Plastic Imitation Minnow Tail. Double Bladed Inline

By combining two blades together adds vibration and lift upon the retrieve for shallow water. Shown with double Colorado blades and marabou tail that pulses in the water, also known as a "Bulger" Flash Inline

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All you need to know about “FISHING”

With the popularity of synthetic material used for spinner tails adds additional flash to the profile (body) of the lure. The top is tied with flashabou (tinsel) the bottom is a round silicone glitter skirt, both tails pulsates and sparkle upon the retrieve Magnum Double Blade Inline

Similar to the double bladed inline only with larger spinner blades (size 9-13) providing maximum vibration and lift. Very popular lure for muskies. Spinnerbaits

Versatility is what spinnerbaits are all about. With the open safety pin, weighted head and single hook design that runs vertical, it can be fished in and through vegetation (weedless) Slow rolled over cover, allowing it to sink, the blades will helicopter down to deeper water. Used for all gamefish.

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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Magnum Spinnerbaits

A beefed up version of the spinner bait for big pike and muskies. The magnum spinner bait comes in 1 oz and up to 6 oz’s using large blades for increased vibration and large body profiles for big fish. Buzzbaits

Buzzbaits resemble either a standard spinnerbait or inline spinner with the exception of a rotating propeller blade replacing a flat blade. Buzzbaits are a topwater spinner and must be retrieved rapidly to produce a loud clacking sound as they move across the surface. Excellent lure for bass and pike.

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Spoons work best for larger predators such as northern pike. largemouth bass. an oblong shape. Because spoons appeal mainly to the sense of sight they work best on clear or lightly stained water conditions.All you need to know about “FISHING” Live Bait Spinners By combining the vibration and flash of a spinner blade and the attraction of live bait. The (middle) is a crawler harness with multiple hooks (2 or 3) and is also tipped with a night crawler. lead. Darseet Garasia Page 79 . The (bottom) is a strip on an old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner. Fishing Spoons The metal fishing spoon lure was believed to be first used back in the 1840's. this spinner is rigged on bottom bouncers and sliding sinker rigs. muskies. A single hook version is also used for minnows. this spinner is cast and retrieved. Most are painted on one side with a polished metallic surface on at other side to reflect the sunlight making the spoon visible. The long standing popularity of spoons results from ease of use as a fish usually will hook itself when it grabs a spoon. steel. jigging and the surface spoon. primarily used on the Great Lakes for walleyes also known as the trade name erie dearie. walleye. Spoons are a simple design. trolling. Spoons are stamped. The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop. sinks faster and will run deeper than thinner spoons. copper. A long spoon will display a wider side to side wobble than a shorter spoon. There are five types of spoons: Casting. A deep concave spoon will also produce a wider wobble than a flatter spoon. Thin spoons used for trolling have an erratic wobble compared to thick spoons but thick spoons have advantages as well. for trolling of drifting. weedless. these produce an effective fish catching combination for most all species of game fish. salmon and trout. concave on one side that catches water producing a wobble and light reflecting flash imitating a fleeing or crippled bait fish. plastic or wood. forged or molded from brass. Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front. the extra weight casts better. The (top) is a weight forward spinner that is tipped with a night crawler. The action of a spoon is based on it's shape and thickness. Some spoons have a hammered or rippled finish that transmits light in multiple directions such as baitfish scales scatter light.

gold/brass are your best bet. you should experiment to find the precise speed for each spoon to perform its best. Each body of water or river system fish will have a tendency to favor a specific color. Darseet Garasia Page 80 . Ultra sensitive. When casting a spoon anglers will cast 10 to 20 feet beyond the area they believe the fish are and retrieve through the strike zone. Following the same path as crank bait lure companies spoon manufactures have over the years introduced hundreds of new colors patterns and finishes using prism. Rod Action with Spoons Dependent on the species you're targeting. If you're going to fish an unfamiliar water system and spoons are a part of your lure selection. Your success in using spoons is to immediately set the hook upon feeling a fish bite. For surface and jigging spoons the best is to tie directly to the eyelet or snap. Spoon Attractors The main fish attracting component on a spoon is the flash. Flippers: A small oblong piece of plastic (red or yellow) for added color attached on the split ring and hook. as well as in using depth control rigging such as downriggers and dipsey divers. Many Charter Captains on the Great Lakes use spoons as their main lure presentation and usually have a couple hundred on board in multiple color patterns (some with creative color names) and size variations to accommodate all fishing conditions. In selecting spoon colors to build your tackle assortment. some spoons have additional attractors placed on the spoon or are added by the angler. Spoons & Leaders Anglers using casting. For trolling spoons on the Great Lakes the universal best color is all silver or gold with including combinations of purple. black and white with nickel back. ciscoes. Trailers: For added color and profile Feathers / Tied Tail / Soft Plastic or Pork Rind. yellow five of diamonds in red with brass back. larger spoons for bass. blue or green hues to mimic the forage of alewives.All you need to know about “FISHING” When casting or trolling a spoon the speed is critical for success. and combinations of nickel/silver . pike and salmon or vertical jigging for walleyes the preferred choice when casting/jigging spoons is a stiff tipped fast action rod. For flat line trolling from behind a boat the speed and amount of line out should be the main consideration. the choices can be overwhelming but some colors have been tried and true over the years. it would be best to do research with local guides or the fishing pro shop for that lake or river. soft action rods are not recommended as they do not telegraph the fish strike as quickly a fast action rod will accomplish. and smelt. Both will work better without too much play at the lure line connection. if fished too slow or too fast the spoon will not wobble properly.This allows freedom of movement for the spoon and will keep the fishing line twist to a minimum. they are: Clickers: Two small willow spinners on split rings located the end of spoon for vibration and noise. weedless or trolling spoons should attach their lines via a leader with a ball bearing swivel and snap or a combination snap ball bearing swivel. holographic. small spoons for stream trout. Spoon Colors If you ever had the opportunity to open Grand Pa’s old metal tackle box it would be safe to say you would find quite a few of the traditional red and white casting spoons that where popular back in the 1940’s . firetiger with brass back or orange/yellow and nickel combinations. On stained or darker water use. For casting spoons in clear or slighty stained water the classic colors of red and white with nickel back. glow and glitter all to enhance vibrant colors and flash of spoons.50’s.

trout. All display the distinctive back and forth wobble action as they run underwater based on their oval shaped cupped bodies. The most popular sizes are 1/4-3/4 ounce used for bass. Trolling Spoons Trolling spoons are much thinner and lighter than casting spoons.. They are designed to be fished using a depth control trolling system such as off a downrigger or diving plane. walleyes and pike. wood and logs. walleyes or other open water species. you can't beat using a weedless spoon to Darseet Garasia Page 81 . Casting spoon sizes range from ultra light 1/36 ounce for panfish up to over 3 ounces for big muskies. pike and lake trout.All you need to know about “FISHING” Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spoons and how they are used: Traditional Casting Spoons Stamped metal casting spoons are also known as Traditional or Canadian spoons. With the wide fluttering action they are an excellent lure choice for salmon. Weedless Spoons When fishing in thick cover. a typical 3" trolling spoon only weighs about a 1/8 ounce which makes them too light for casting. All casting spoons have either a treble or a single (siwash) hook attached with a spilt ring which allows the hook to swing freely as the spoon wobbles. aquatic weeds.

When fishing surface spoons point the rod tip directly at the spoon whether you're retrieving straight or using a jerk pause method. large predator fish like bass. but keep in mind many strikes happen on the fall of the jigging spoon as well. When cast over heavy matted vegetation the spoon floats with the hook riding upward avoiding being caught up on snags. Weedless spoons come in 1/4 ounce up to 11/8 ounce. Keep awatch on your line as it falls. Jigging spoons are made of metal or tungsten. never set the hook until you feel the pressure of the fish. When fishing jigging spoons all of the action is applied by the angler using short jerks to encourage strikes. Jigging Spoons When you locate a deep water school of fish such as walleye or bass on your electronics. Experiment with different retrieve methods. Most feature a single hook design welded on the body with a wire guard to prevent most snags. Tip the hook with a trailer for added attraction using a soft plastic grub or pork rind. They are designed to get down quickly reaching the deep water holding fish. if it stops or twitches set the hook. The best tackle for jigging spoons is low stretch line of 12-20 lbs with a medium to medium heavy fast action rod. Surface Spoons When conditions are right during the summer months. This is an ideal situation for using surface spoons. are flat. mainly rubber skirts. As with all surface lures fish have a tendency to miss the lure. Most surface spoons are made from plastic's with a few in wood with having an added attractor. Upon a fish strike. pike and muskies will take refuge in thick cover. thick and heavy and flash when jigged. Or straight retrieve over and through the cover. one of the best presentations to reach them is vertically jigging. Darseet Garasia Page 82 .All you need to know about “FISHING” provoke a fish strike. keep the lure moving even if the fish misses usually they will come back to strike again. Try twitching and pausing letting the spoon settle into open holes. then set the hook.

each for a specific fishing presentation from the smallest at 1/100th oz for ice fishing up to 2oz for Stripers and Muskies. Your selection should be based Darseet Garasia Page 83 . metallic. Color of jig hooks includes bronze. Strong wire hooks perform well in weedy and rocky areas for bass and northern pike when you need to horse a fish out from cover. 1/16. Another popular metal material for weighting jig heads is tungsten. yellow. Jig Hooks The most common hooks used on jigs are the strong wire O'Shaughnessy or light wire Aberdeen. Jig Colors When choosing jig head colors one must consider the fishing conditions and type of water. Jigs. Jig Collars The jig collar is positioned directly behind the jig head. Jigs are a rather simple design and come in wide selection of shapes. Experiment and try various colors until you find the color choice for the day. light wire hooks are often used in fishing around brush piles and cribs as they will bend and pull free when snagged. the bend in the hook will determine the eye placement on the jig and how it rides through the water. white. worm or lizard bodies. Hook wire diameter is also a consideration. green. with fluorescent chartreuse. and 3/4 ounces. tinsel. are weighted by melting a metal substance into a liquid and pouring it in a mold which shapes the head and collar. Jig Weights The main consideration when selecting which jig to use is its weight. 3/8. feathers. In stocking your jig box start out with handful of basic colors: black. with the exception of floating jigs. pink and red for clear to stained water. 1/8. fluorescent. 1/2. two tone and glow finishes. A jig hook is bent on the shank before the eye about 60 to 90 degrees. living rubber and silicone skirts. Barbed collars have a small hook to attach and hold soft plastic baits stopping them from sliding down the hook other collar designs include screw locks or wire holders to hold plastic baits. 1/4. They will work for a wide variety of species in almost any type of conditions. colors and weights. The most common weight sizes for inland freshwater fishing are 1/64. 1/ and glow for dark water. Most jig heads are made of lead which gives the lure its weight. longer shank hooks are favored for rigging soft-plastic grubs. tubes. brown. short shank hooks are mainly used for live minnows. black and gold. they're also a good choice when fishing for Panfish and crappies with soft mouths as the light wire will penetrate quickly upon the hook set. which is heavier than lead and environmentally friendly. Jig heads are available in natural. clear. with the most recent popular color red marketed as blood or bleeding hooks. The hook shank length has varying applications. Straight collars are used to tie dressings or attach on the jig such as hair. stained or dark.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Jigs Many pro anglers feel jigs are the most versatile and productive of all artificial lures.

As the jig enters the water the dressing pulsates upon the drop and will quiver as the jig is hopped along the bottom. but not so heavy that it sinks too rapidly. Until recently the use of pork rind were the standard trailer thus the phrase "Jig & Pig" was born. Fish prefer a slow drifting down bait than one that just plummets toward the bottom. When on the water the same steps should be taken with considering water current speed and wind velocity while fishing. silicone or rubber skirts to the molded hook shank. Bass jigs will feature a low profile stand-up head design from 1/8 oz to 3/4 oz. by increasing the water resistance on the line and lure.1 1/2 . which make it more difficult to reach the desired depth.1/8 . Northern Pike and Muskies 3/4 . tinsel. Most all bass jigs will have some type of weed guard (strands of fiber or plastic) along with an internal rattle. With the many advancements of colors and impregnated scents in soft plastics today.1/8 . feathers. leeches.1 .2 oz. A widely used addition to the bass jig is a split tail trailer to replicate claws of a crawfish.1/4 oz Walleyes and Bass 1/16 .1 1/2 oz.3/8 . soft plastic. A suggested jig weight guide line per species: Panfish and Crappies 1/32 . Jigs Dressed Many jigs are dressed by adding hair. it adds bulk and profile reducing the sink rate in replicating forage such as crawfish. the lighter weights are excellent for finesse fishing smallmouths. Wind also has the same affect as fast currents.1 .1/16 . Your jig must be heavy enough to reach the desired depth. River Trout and Salmon 1/16. they're becoming the popular choice with many anglers. As a general rule use 1/8 oz for every 10 feet of water.1/2 oz. the heavier weights are used cover fishing largemouths in weeds and for flipping (an underhand toss of the jig to a specific area). The body dressing is usually a silicone or living rubber skirt with some tied with hair. minnows and amphibians. If you're fishing in fast current such as rivers additional weight is required to reach the bottom. Here are some common type of dressed jigs: Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of jigs and how they are used: Bass Jigs These are also known as flipping jigs and are a very popular lure for largemouth and small mouth bass. Darseet Garasia Page 84 .All you need to know about “FISHING” on type of fish and water depth. Lake Trout and Stripers 3/4 .1/8 oz.

walleyes. crappies. worms and leeches through the head or snout. straight retrieved or trolled the tail vibrations resembles a baitfish. leeches and minnow bodies. bass. scents. The subtle action of a paddle tail on minnow bodies mimics a baitfish when retrieved. crawfish. shapes to types: grubs. mylar and tinsel which provides a mimicking life like action in the water of minnows and other aquatic life. reapers. when using a split tailed grub or tube hopped along the bottom with short snaps replicates a crawfish. This presentation will be successful for any freshwater game fish. The dressing material is tied to the jig collar to form a body they include: bucktail hair.All you need to know about “FISHING” Tied Dressing Jigs Depending on their size dressed jigs can be used for most all species including: panfish. Rigging techniques for live bait are simple. Jigs tipped with reaper flat tail will imitate a leech swimming through the water. northern pike. Live Bait Jigs Fishing with live bait jigged slowly at times of the year can be a deadly presentation especially when the water temperature is colder and the fishes metabolic rate reduces making them reluctant to chase faster moving lures. Recently many new soft plastic baits have evolved by incorporating the jig head into the body of the bait. Dressed jigs also holds fish scent well and can be tipped with live bait as an added attractant. marabou. stripers. minnows. making the bait feel more natural when the fish strikes. worms. tubes. Soft Plastic Dressed Jigs Fishing with soft plastic jigs bodies gives the angler countless choices of options from colors. With these new soft plastic baits life like patterns and holographic colors have been introduced to imitate the realistic look and flash of baitfish. and lake trout. Darseet Garasia Page 85 . lizards. always hook the bait. By far the most used when fishing a jig and plastic combination is the curly tail grub.

the guard prevents getting snagged on weeds and brush. Floating Jigs As the name of this jig implies they float. Weedless Jigs Weedless jigs are an excellent choice when fishing live bait in cover. wire or a plastic V shape and are anchored in the jig head facing upwards towards and covering the hook point allowing the jig to ride over and through underwater obstructions. swimming. bottom bouncer or simple split shot rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” Jigs designed for live bait have no collar hook required to hold soft plastic's. line and jig) is Darseet Garasia Page 86 . they include: Round head. stand up floating and weedless. Fishing with Jigs Jigs can be a highly effective fishing presentation when the proper set-up (rod. The hook guard is made of trimable plastic bristles. both require using weights or a form of rigging such as: sliding sinker. Other live bait jig options are spinner blades mounted underneath the head to produce added vibration and flash. For using live minnows the preferred choice is a short shank round and floating head with the option of a stinger hook attachment for short striking fish. Floating jigs are used for live bait and are a great choice when presenting the bait just off the bottom on lakes and rivers. wobble. reel. Floating jigs come in two types hard bodied and soft bodied. propeller.

when the jig sinks they watch the line for any subtle twitches signaling a strike or if the line stops indicating a fish is moving upward with the jig. Unlike a spoon or inline spinner.All you need to know about “FISHING” used. This will help you feel the bite on the retrieve or when the jig is sinking by keeping the line taut. Many expert anglers use the fishing line as a strike indicator. a jig bite most often is very light as the fish inhales the bait usually on the fall when the jig is settling towards the bottom. Suggested Rod & Reel Set-ups Panfish (Bluegills Crappies and Perch) Ultra light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 2-4lb test line Walleyes Light to medium light action spinning rod and reel spooled with 4-6lb test line Bass (Finesse) Medium light to medium spinning action rod and reel spooled with 8-10lb test line (Heavy Cover) Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-17lb test line Northern Pike Medium to medium heavy action bait casting rod and reel spooled with 12-20lb test line Darseet Garasia Page 87 . To detect strikes more easily jigs should be fished with stiff (fast action) sensitive rod with enough flex to cast your jig along with using the lightest possible line for the species and fishing conditions. To optimize the visual of fishing line jig fisherman prefer to use fluorescent colored line over clear monofilament and wear polarized sunglasses improving the line visibility even more. when a fish strikes the lure and hooks itself.

and flavors. Soft plastics offer many advantages over hard bodied lures such as crank baits and spoons that does not have the soft texture as real food. In making soft bait’s the plastic is heated into a liquid form then poured in a mold to replicate the shape. Many rod manufactures specializes in making powerful fast action rods dedicated for soft plastic fishing. Another is scents. scents. layered colors. but yet the hook will penetrate through the soft bait when you set the hook. metal flakes. Soft plastic’s will hold scents much longer than hard bodied lures that wash off quickly. In using larger plastic’s with hooks buried into the bait that requires a strong hook set for large mouth bass and northern pike use medium to medium heavy bait casting gear spooled with 14 to 20lb test low stretch monofilament line. Darseet Garasia Page 88 . worm. holographic and translucent flash on shad and minnow baits replicating the scales of baitfish. the point can be buried into the body of the bait where it cannot snag underwater obstructions such as dense weeds. When a fish strikes a soft plastic bait it feels natural so fish will mouth it longer giving the angler extra time to set the hook. Species such as walleyes and smallmouth bass with a mid sized plastic’s use a medium light to medium spinning gear with 6-8lb test monofilament. floating claws on crawfish. web feet and feelers on amphibians.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Soft Plastics The evolution of soft plastic baits has greatly advanced over the years virtually giving anglers a wide variety and selection for all game fish. Fishing set-ups with Soft Plastic’s In casting or vertical jigging the smallest soft plastic lures for panfish and crappies use ultra light spinning gear spooled with 4-6lb test monofilament. crawfish. The popular use by anglers of soft plastics has skyrocketed over the years by the increased number of new products introduced annually by lure companies this is evident with fishing tackle pro shops in store displays. catalog pages for online and print buyers guides. Other benefits in fishing with soft plastics are rigging the hook. baitfish. For muskies that have the largest plastic’s up to and over 1lb use heavy to extra heavy bait casting gear spooled with 50 to 80lb low stretch abrasion resistance braided line. grub. lizard. and insects. rocks. As a reference listed below are a few of the most commonly used soft plastics in order to help you identify each type. brush and logs. they can be treated with bottled-paste attractants or purchase them already molded in. During the bait making process additional ingredients can be added to appeal to the fish’s senses such as. Other significant details of soft baits today in manufacturing is to add life like realistic features like crescent rings on worms and grubs. frogs.

jerk worms. or straight tails for various actions. The types ( floating and sinking) and the colors of worms made today are in hundreds of thousands with the multitude of color variations and scents. In rigging a worm. Worms come in sizes from a few inches for trout and panfish up to 12 inches for bass and pike.All you need to know about “FISHING” Worms The invention of the plastic worm spawned more variations of soft plastic baits than any other in fishing lure history. twister. combined with single curly tail. lizards. Grubs. swim/baitfish all where developed based on the introduction of the soft plastic worm technology back in 1949 by a Ohio luremaker. split shot rig and Carolina rigs. or straight) which provides vibrations when the worm is moved. paddle tail. Grubs are also popular to fish using a drop shot rig. tubes. Carolina rig. Grubs are composed of soft plastic round body either ringed. The most common use for grubs is tipped on a jig. wacky rig and the drop shot rig. there are two options pre-rigged with a hook or series of hooks. Grubs Fishing with soft plastic grubs has been a longtime favorite among anglers for all species. ribbed or smooth. paddle. double curly split tail. Darseet Garasia Page 89 . ribbed or smooth) affecting the sink rate and the tail (ribbon. or using a Texas rig the most common. Grubs come in various lengths from 1" up to 12" and hundreds of colors combinations. The main fish attracting action components of worms are the texture (ringed. or as a trailer on a inline spinners and spinner baits. crawfish.

Most often tubes are rigged using a weighted tube jig placed within the tube’s body or to make a tube weedless anglers use a wide gap hook threading it through the nose and securing the hook into the body on the outer wall of the tube. Tubes Tubes are rounded hollow soft plastic bodied bait open ended with a series of tentacles on the base. The main body is usually smooth but some have a ribbed exterior. Upon casting a tube it will display a spiral action on the fall with the tentacles undulating providing a injured baitfish look. Usually the smaller the better. in jigging the tube off the bottom it will appear as a crawfish imitation especially good for feeding smallmouth bass. Carolina Rig. Fishing soft plastic baitfish imitations are a excellent choice jigged along the bottom or brought in on a straight retrieve. Tubes range in sizes from 1"-2" for crappies and panfish 3"-6" for largemouth and smallmouth bass up to 14" for big pike and muskies. Many soft plastic baitfish baits feature a paddle tail that wiggles when retrieved. for a natural presentation. Darseet Garasia Page 90 . Determine what baitfish are in the waters you’re fishing and select a profile size and color to match. but others have curly tails and forked tails that give them swimming action. or on a drop shot rig.All you need to know about “FISHING” Baitfish Soft plastic baitfish come in numerous sizes and colors to mimic forage fish. The interior hollow design works well with holding liquid or paste scents. Tubes can be rigged as bait using a Texas Rig.

The most common fishing techniques are similar to fishing plastic worms. smooth. legs. Darseet Garasia Page 91 . Lizards come is a wide variety of colors. Various lizards have a reputation as bass bed robbers. Crawfish soft plastic’s are available from craw trailers to the highly detailed featuring pinchers.All you need to know about “FISHING” Crawfish The soft plastic crawfish or crawdad is a deadly on bass when presented along rocky bottom area’s. ribbed. Lizards Fishing with a lizard in the early season especially during the bass spawn is particularly effective. as bass absolutely hate lizards. abdomen and tail. scents. using Texas and Carolina rigs or tipped on a jig for flipping and pitching. antennae. they will raid a nest and eat the bass eggs even before the bass guardian has a chance to react. floating and sinking. The main feature of a imitation crawfish is the pinchers when tipped on a jig it gives the bait a realistic defensive posture by raising it's claws that sends bass a signal to feed.

The smaller reapers resemble a leech while the larger reapers mimic baitfish. so the bass will hang on to the lure longer giving more time for the angler to set the hook. rounded head and body leading to a soft thin membrane sides. After a cast let the frog sit until the ripples subside now pop or twitch the frog once or twice. Summertime bass laying in the weeds aren’t active most of the time. Frogs Using a floating soft plastic frog around the lily pads for bass is exhilarating as the bass comes out of the water and engulfs your lure. then let the frog sit for a few seconds and repeat. To change up the presentation upon reaching weed pocket or opening let the frog sit and just barely twitch the frog so just the legs quiver. but can be enticed by a easy meal.All you need to know about “FISHING” Leeches & Reapers Leeches and reapers are a basic variation of a soft plastic grub. The best fishing tip we can offer while using a top water frog is fish slow. they are weedless with the hooks positioned against the body. they feel natural with their soft spongy body. Darseet Garasia Page 92 . Reapers are a good bait to use on waters that receive a high amount of angling pressure. The sizes start from 3" for walleye and bass up to 12" for pike and muskies. The advantages of soft-plastic surface frogs are. Most anglers rig a leech/reaper tipped on a jig head inserting the hook through the head or use a split shot rig and a single hook.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Magnum From the 1950’s through the 1970’s the soft plastic bait industry was focused on worms and grubs used for bass. some even weighing 1 lb and 15 inches in length. That changed in the 1980’s when small basement lure companies started producing larger soft plastic lures designed for pike and muskies. colors. combinations of hard bodied soft tail baits. Fishing with super sized soft plastic’s opened a new chapter and presentation for pike and muskies anglers through out the world. This spawned a revolution in the 1990’s regarding the soft plastic lure market as larger companies began taking notice and adding larger soft plastic baits to there product line. Darseet Garasia Page 93 . Today there are hundreds of variations.

Hang the wet inline spinners with hair or hard baits on the side of the box to dry. Biodegradable baits if left on will shrink onto the hook the has to be cutoff. leaving the beginning angler a vast array of choices in finding one which is right for them. and live bait. sun or a chemical reaction have a tendency to melt on the hook affecting the paint of a spoon or the dressing on a spinner or jig. reels. In the decision process of which tackle box suits you’re needs. dressed jig or a spoon) remove after use. spinner bait. Organize all of your lures. baits and terminal tackle in one easy-to-find location will enable you to become a more efficient angler. which requires proper care and storage to be used for years to come. Follow these storage maintenance quick steps to ensure that your gear will be ready to go again when you are: Air Out the Tackle Box Upon return from a fishing trip open the tackle box allowing the lures to dry. If you’re caught in rain and have puddles on water in the box remove all tackle. Darseet Garasia Page 94 . Starting you’re tackle box can seem challenging. Soft Plastics and Biodegradable Baits: With the popularity of fishing with soft plastics and biodegradable baits we recommend for storing use the containers or bags they were sold in. Rust on hooks diminishes the strength of the hook and reduces the sharpness. they automatically think of rods. It only takes a few necessary minutes to ensure proper care and storage. rusty hooks also stains the beautiful paint finish of lures. Having an organized tackle box is as important fishing tool as you’re rod and reel set-up. Soft plastics through heat. We have witnessed the unfortunate experience of anglers lack of maintenance and care of their tackle only to find the condition poor and unusable upon a preparation for a trip or on the water. wipe out all water. let the lures dry and replace. tackle boxes and soft bags come in every size and shape imaginable. Today.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Tackle Boxes for Storage When people think of sport fishing. consider the purchase of expensive fishing lures and gear as an investment. but if you stick to the basics. you'll be able to get started with no problems. lures. When using soft baits for trailers ( a soft bait attached to a hook on a inline spinner. as many of today’s soft baits come with scents impregnated into there bodies.

Fishing Tackle Box Features In selecting a tackle box. When buying a new box test the latch. Fishing Tackle Box Types There are numerous kinds of tackle boxes. make sure it closes tight. from a boat. hooks. weight and mobility should be a factor. Muskie and Northern Pike fisherman will require a larger box to hold lure from 6 inches and up. Time to add new lures you heard or read about for the upcoming season as well. dock or in the water. Any moisture left unchecked can create mold and rust on the hooks. leaders and terminal tackle etc.All you need to know about “FISHING” Off Season Tips It is a wise practice every year before the new fishing season or you’re first trip to re-spool new fishing line and grease the reels. The size and function of your tackle box should largely depend on your intended use. jaw spreaders and bolt cutters) as well as head lamps for night fishing. and split rings on lures. Over time you will build a collection of successful lures learning what methods and presentations work for each species of fish. ventilation and water drainage ports to remove any water that snuck in. you will find out the most productive lures and the one’s that are not. The other consideration is where you fish. Water Resistance 3. After organizing you’re tackle box the last thing you don’t want is the box opening on you spilling your tackle and lures out on the boat. Most tackle boxes are made of materials that is water resistance. each having its own special advantages and design features. hook sharpener and extra reels or line spools when the need occurs. It’s nice to have and you don’t forget the release tools (pliers. consider these aspects before buying: Size 1. A tackle box should be able to handle the wear and tear of fishing and be strong. Here is a description of the most common types of tackle boxes Darseet Garasia Page 95 . Consider having a extra storage area for gear other than lures. Check to see where the box closes and if water can still in. Durability 2. or shoreline. Replace any rusty hooks. while panfish anglers require a smaller box to hold terminal tackle and smaller lures. go through and organize the terminal tackle. Tackle boxes with metal latches hold better than all plastic. sinkers and bobbers. It’s also time to wipe clean and organize the tackle box. Once you start to enjoy fishing more regularly. Some of the higher priced tackle boxes come with watertight covers. Extra Space 4. A large drawer type or hanging box is best suited for a boat where as the soft sided carry all is best used for shoreline river fisherman or fly-in trips.

However for long trips or if you wish to take along you’re complete tackle selection the hip roof box are great. Hip-Roof Type Box: The hip-roof type of box is a modified trunk-tray box. Many anglers own several of these types set-up for species specific fishing presentations. Trunk tray boxes are usually smaller. Hip-roofed boxes provides a large amount of organized storage with multiple compartmented trays giving the angler easy access and visibility to their tackle once opened. Many anglers use the hip-roof tackle box as their home storage and use smaller trunk tray boxes for day trips. when opened both sides have tackle trays that also accordion outward leaving a large bottom compartment for additional storage. fit well into limited areas and are light weight allowing the angler mobility and quick access to there gear and lures. Darseet Garasia Page 96 . This box has a long hinge cover when opened one two or three trays that accordion outward over the lid which lays flat. Dependent on the size the lower half of the trunk-tray box generally is deep enough for extra storage.All you need to know about “FISHING” Trunk-Tray Type Box: The trunk type tray box is the most popular and is usually the first anglers box or received as a gift.

Extra storage is a plus on drawer type boxes with a large cover storage or a single bottom drawer. The see through sides allow you to identify lures two-sided openers. from one. Satchels are versatile from small lightweight models that carry a dozen of lures or panfish terminal tackle up to larger models that handle dozens of larger lures. flashlights etc… As with all large tackle boxes some anglers prefer to use the drawer type box as their home storage. Satchel Type Box: These briefcase type boxes come in a variety of styles and sizes. for storing reels. Darseet Garasia Page 97 . drawers can be identified by lure type so you know before opening the drawer. trolling tools (dodgers. They make excellent tackle boxes in putting together separate lures and gear for a day on a lake or river trips. where space is limited. They also are good for wet weather fishing with the exception of opening the drawers everything will stay dry. it sits vertically and the drawers slide out. and have smaller specialty utility boxes for day to day trips.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drawer Type Box: Drawer type boxes are a good choice when fishing from a boat. release tools. From organizing your tackle. flashers and dipsey divers) hook sharpeners.

tightly woven padded material or clear uv-resistant polycarbonate (Lexan). If you’re crappie fishing no need to take the pike or bass gear. This makes it easy for easy access. and with foam tubes inserts ideal for wrapping crawler harnesses. this helps when carrying to the boat or along the shore. The convenience that soft side bags offer the angler is take only the boxes you need for that day. eliminates tangled hooks and allows wet lures to dry. The exterior case are available in waterproof plastic. When making a decision to purchase a soft side bag bigger is better. waterproof and give the angle total flexibility to hold a variety of plastic utility boxes along with having numerous storage pockets for extra reels fishing tools and a camera. They are lightweight. A sturdy waterproof material is mandatory that resists punctures and tears. Darseet Garasia Page 98 .Walleye crankbaits. pike and muskies. Make sure the shoulder straps are padded. having six to eight will be more versatile for bass. The hanging box are available from magnum boat boxes.bass & pike . Depending on the dimensions of the bag. while two may work for panfish and crappies. The design of hanging type box also works well for Great Lakes trolling spoons. Hanging Type Box: The hanging box has become popular by Muskie anglers as the box of choice for storing extra large lures.All you need to know about “FISHING” Soft Side Type: Soft side bags are becoming the most popular tackle storage systems in the fishing world today. utility boxes can number anywhere from two to six or more.trout and muskie and use the soft side bag as the carry-all. live bait rigs or snells with storage for bottom bouncers and bait walkers. The interior features a set of removable dividers or a grid of square compartments made of colored plastic or clear polycarbonate (Lexan) with slots to hang lures by the rear hook. Now you can build component boxes per each species: panfish . small portable over the shoulder carry on and boat seat slip over pedestal types. Check to see if the straps and handles have reinforced stitching providing toughness and strength. Bass spinnerbaits. view color selection.

Algae A aquatic plant organism. Anti -Reverse Reel locking system that prevents back reeling. All members of the salmon family have them. Alley Area’s in weed beds that lack weed growth. Anadromous Fish that live most of their adult life in saltwater but spawn in freshwater. Augers come in gas powered or manual back power. publications as well as online fishing discussion forums. Alkalinity Measurement of the percentage of acid neutralizing bases. Adipose Fin A small fleshy fin on a salmon's back between the dorsal fin and the tail. Adaptation Biological adjustments to the fish environment. Anal Fin A single fin located beneath the tail near the vent. Auger Used for ice fishing to drill holes through the ice.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fishing Glossary We have assembled definitions on common and not so common types of fishing words. phrases and terms used in written fishing reports. A Active Fish Fish that are striking and feeding actively. articles. Angler Any person who fishes with a rod and reel or cane pole. Angling Sport fishing for enjoyment. Darseet Garasia Page 99 . catching one fish at a time using a hook. Aerator Powered air infusion pump adding oxygen to water.

Bait Casting A type of reel mounted on the top of the rod with a level wind revolving spool. Bail The metal semi circular bar located on a open faced spinning reel that retrieves fishing line. Belly Roll A action using minnow or glider type lure by rolling exposing the belly flash. Barb The spur found on the point of fish hooks. Bait Fish Main forage feed for game fish. Bite When a fish strikes or takes your bait / lure also known as a hit and strike. Darseet Garasia Page 100 . Bag Limit State Natural Resource Department set limit on number of game fish caught daily. Fly Reels Nylon or dacron line tied between the fly line and the reel to act as additional line if a longer length than the flyline is required to play a fish. food and reproduction area’s. Bait Restrictions Limitations to the type of bait sport anglers may use. Bar A lake structure consisting of a long hump or ridge. Backing Line Baitcasting / Trolling /Reels Monofilament line tied between dacron or the new super braided lines to prevent line slippage.All you need to know about “FISHING” B Backlash Overrun of fishing line from reel spool when casting. Basic Fish Needs Security. Bay A shoreline major indentation on any type of water system. Ball The weight attached to a downrigger cable for depth controlled trolling.

All you need to know about “FISHING”

Blades Main fish attracting component found on inline spinners, spinner baits, buzz baits, tail spinners. Blade Baits Weighted flat metal lures used for vertical jigging. Blank Description for a unfinished fishing rod with out guides or handle. Bobber The bobber also known as a slip, cork or float serves two angling functions: A surface strike indicator and a controlled depth presentation using live bait or lure. Bobbin Tool for holding a spool of thread while tying flies, inline spinner and spinner bait tails which allows the thread to be dispensed with a controlled tension. Boga Grip Trade name for a fish landing, handling and weighting tool. Bottom Bouncer A fishing rig made of stiff metal wire with a weight and formed as a number 7. Used to present live bait or artificial lures on the bottom minimizing snagging on structure. Break / Break Line Description of abrupt change in depth, bottom type, weeds, or water clarity. Bream Term used for Bluegill / Sunfish. Bronzeback Term for Small Mouth Bass. Brushline The inside/outside edge of a brushpile. Brushpile Structure either manmade or by nature consists of downed trees, limbs and brush. Bucket mouth Term for Large Mouth Bass. Bucktail A inline spinner tied with Deer, Squirrel hair or Synthetic dressings on hook. Bulger Inline spinner with two blades also referred as twin blade and double blade. Bullet Weight A lead or steel slip sinker shaped as a bullet. Mainly used in front of soft plastic lures: worms, lizards and crawfish for bass.
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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Bumping The act of making contact using artificial lures such as crank baits or jigs on lake structure (logs/rocks) or the lake bottom to entice a strike. Buzzbait Similar to the spinner bait used on the surface with a propeller replacing the blade. Buzzing A type of fast or quick straight line retrieve, also called ripping, burning and bulging. Lures used buzz baits, spinner baits, inline spinners and surface lures.


Cabbage A common name for the submerged aquatic plant from the Potamogeton species. Carolina Rig A fishing rig used to present the lure on the bottom. The set-up is first a barrel slip weight typically ½ oz or more is threaded on the line then a swivel is tied as a weight stop, on the other end of the swivel a leader is tied from 16” to 34” to the lure. To add sound place a glass bead behind the weight before the swivel this will click upon the weight hitting the bead. Carrying Capacity The number of species a specific areas habitat can support. Catch and Release Sport angling for fish and releasing them back immediately. Some areas allow sport angling, but require release of fish, in these areas, specific types of tackle is required. Caudal Fin The tail fin. Channels The bed of a river or stream also found on flowages and impoundment lakes. Chromer Term used for steelhead or a rainbow trout. Chugger Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when pulled. Clarity Refers to the amount of visibility of viewing underwater objects or your lure. Cold Front Refers to a weather condition when a high clear sky front moves in dropping the temperature.

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All you need to know about “FISHING”

Contact Point A term used to regarding any lake structure that provides fishing action. Such as a bar, rock pile or weed edge. Controlled Drift Known also as drift fishing, when a trolling motor, oars or drift sock is used to control a drift along structure or direction. Colors Term used for number of color segments of lead core line. Coontail A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Hornwort species. Count Down A fishing technique by counting down a lure to fish a specific depth. Count Down Lures Weighted lures than sink approximately one foot per second. Cove A small indentation on a shoreline. Cover General term used describing any type of lake structure natural or manmade that game fish relate too. Crankbait Refers to a minnow imitating lure with a diving lip or lipless. Creatures General term used for fishing with soft plastics imitating: Lizards, Crawfish, Water Dogs, Frogs and Tadpoles. Creel Fish basket or personal fish carrier used to carry fish when fishing on or near shore. Creeper Surface lure straight or jointed with metal wings mounted on sides that provides a unique plopping sound. Used on calm water. Crib A manmade underwater fish shelter, constructed from logs 6’ x 6’ square with brush inside. Placed on ice in winter for positioning. Crimp On Fastening sleeve used on steel and nylon leaders. Cross Lock A type of snap tied directly to fishing line or as a component on a leader.

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Crystal Flash Trade name for a synthetic stringy material used in many streamer. fly and inline spinner hook dressing to add flash and color. Dodger A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. Deer Hair Body hair from deer which is used in many fly. A weight is attached to the end of the cable and the line release is attached to the weight. D Dabbling A fishing technique in which the angler works the lure up and down “Dabbling” in the same spot for a period of time. Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid. Possession limits refer to how many an angler may have in possession while in the field or during transport. that can be caught in one day. The downrigger is a winch-type mechanism that feeds cable off a rotating reel through a guide system along an extension arm. you can drop the line down to the desired depth. Downrigger Used specifically for constant trolling depth. weeds. Graph. Also known as a Fish finder. Flasher or LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). Disgorger A hook removing device that removes deeply embedded hooks from fish. Dipsy Diver The dipsy diver is a circular trolling diving device attached to the fishing line that will enable to send lures down to a set depth and out to the side of your boat. shows bottom type. By lowering the weight (ball).All you need to know about “FISHING” Crustacean ( Crayfish ) A aquatic animal with a segmented body and outer shell. A footage counter is connected to the reel unit to indicate the specific amount of cable that has been released. Darseet Garasia Page 104 . The dodger is flat attractor with bent edges that sways back and forth to mimic a feeding salmon. The fishing line from an independent rod is attached to the release mechanisms on the downrigger cable. and suspended fish. Depthfinder A electronic device using sonar that measures the depth of water. by species. structure. At the desired depth the reel is locked into place. Dorsal Fin The large single fin located along the back of fish. inline spinner dressings to supply body and floatation. Daily catch and possession limits Daily catch limits is the amount of fish.

Estuary The mouth of a river where fresh water meets and mixes with salt water. Epilimnion The upper. Mainly used on Lake Erie. E Ecosystem A complex ecological community or environment that contains organisms (eg. wind fighters. Darseet Garasia Page 105 . mesotrophic (moderately productive). Ethics Personal code of conduct based on respect for one's self. Eutrophication The process by which lakes and streams are enriched by nutrients. Drift Sock Used for controlled drifting or trolling is in effect a underwater parachute when deployed slows the boat drift rate or trolling speed. Erie Dearie A trade name for a weight forward spinner blade with single hook using a night crawler. and sea anchors. currentcompensators. Drop Off A sudden vertical drop in water depth. Carbon Dioxide with the atmosphere. bacteria) interacting with one another forming a functioning whole. plants. Esox Term used for describing a Muskie / Musky. A hook tied directly to the line using a palomar knot leaving a tag end for the bell weight attachment. Edge Effect Where two habitat types join together resulting in increased diversity for vegetation and wildlife.All you need to know about “FISHING” Drag A braking device on fishing reels that allow line to feed out preventing breakage when the reel is engaged playing a fish. boat-positioners. and your surroundings. Also known as boat brakes. and the resulting increase in plant and algae. The extent to which this process has occurred is reflected in a lake's trophic classification: oligotrophic (nutrient poor). Drop Shot A fishing rig used primarily for bass fishing. others. and eutrophic (very productive and fertile). wind-mixed layer of a thermally stratified lake. animals. This water is turbulently mixed throughout at least some portion of the day and because of its exposure. The hook is usually 16 to 24 inches above the weight and hangs at 90 degrees with the hook point up rigged with soft plastic worms or grubs. can freely exchange dissolved gases such as Oxygen.

Flasher A fishing rig component for trolling made from metal or plastic in numerous colors. Fillet Removal of bones and skin from flesh of fish to prepare for cooking. F Fan Cast Systematic series of casts covering a specific area. The figure eight is drawing a sideways eight in the water with your rod tip. Darseet Garasia Page 106 . Tied directly on the fishing line above a trolling fly or squid. Farm Pond Manmade body of water. Figure 8 Technique used on triggering fish to bite upon the completion of a cast. Feeder Creek Tributary to a stream or river. Flat Lining A trolling presentation by releasing line and lure off the back of the boat. Fatheads A commercially sold minnow as live bait used for most gamefish. The flasher is flat attractor with bent edges that rotates 360 degrees to mimic a feeding salmon. Finesse Fishing A fishing technique by using very light tackle. Flat Underwater area with lack of structure. Sunrise. Fish Hair Synthetic hair used in tying streamers and flies. Sunset.All you need to know about “FISHING” Eyes Term used for describing a Walleye. Feeding Cycles / Times Best fishing times of the day or night associated with the positioning of the sun and moon and are related to a solunar chart for major and minor feeding periods. Flipping A underhand casting technique placing a lure to a precise spot in a quite manner.

Floating Line A fly line design to float on the surface of the water along its entire length. Darseet Garasia Page 107 . Used with a weight to present live bait off the bottom. Flowage A water system developed by the use of a dam for flood control. Typically sold in liquid or paste form. used as a strike indicator for live bait fishing.All you need to know about “FISHING” Flipping Stick A type of rod designed and used for flipping. Typically used for dry fly fishing and shallow water nymphing. Floss Material for tying flies. Can be found in many densities and tapers. Fly Casting The process of casting a fly line out onto the water. Fly Line A weighted line which is cast out onto the water to deliver the fly to the desired location. larva and other stream forage. inline spinners as well spinner baits. Floatant Material applied to flies and leaders in order to cause them to float on the surface of the water. Fly Fishing Fly’s and Streamers An artificial lure hand tied using natural animal hair and feathers to mimic insects. Low lying area’s. Forceps A surgical tool used to remove hooks from fish. Florida Rig Similar to a Texas rig for Bass with the weight attached (screwed on) to the lure Flashabou Commercial name for a colorful synthetic filament material used in fly tying for adding flash to streamers. 7-8 feet long Float A term also for bobber. Used behind flashers and dodgers to represent salmon and trout forage. existing lakes and rivers are generally used to develop a flowage. although dry shake crystals have recently been found on the market. Floating Jig A jig hook wrapped with a floating material of hollow plastic or foam. Fly Great Lakes Fly’s Tied using synthetic materials for color and flash.

Gill Plate A bony protective flap that covers the gills. Fry Life stage of fish still very young. frogs. Full Core Ten colors or a full. 24 hours a day. mayfly larve nymphs and zooplankton. Gear Ratio Measurement of number of times a reel spool revolves for each turn of the handle. G Game Fish Fish that are fished for as sport and subject to regulations of take. As fish swim into the net they are caught on there gill plates." Front Any weather system that has a effect in changing temperature.S. GPS (GPS) Global Positioning System is a satellite-based navigation system made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit by the U. rain. as water flows across the gills the oxygen within them diffuses into the fishes blood and is carried though out of the body. There are no subscription fees or setup charges to use GPS.All you need to know about “FISHING” Fluorocarbon A type on monofilament (clear) fishing line or leader material. Department of Defense. The GPS system make it possible for people with ground receivers to pinpoint their geographic location in any weather conditions. minnows. FOW Abbreviation for "feet of water. Forage Any type of indigenous food for game fish. Gills The lungs of a fish. Glider Term used to describe a Muskie / Northern Pike type minnow lipless lure. crawfish. wind and barometric pressure. Gill Net A net either pulled behind a boat or set from shore with floats on top and weights on the bottom to make it hold it upright in the water. anywhere in the world. A glider travels through the water on a horizontal plane moving side to side by using a cadence pull retrieve. standard 100-yard spool of lead core line. Darseet Garasia Page 108 .

Hook Cutters Tool used to cut hooks from fish for releasing. also helps separate fish and important structures on or near the bottom from the actual bottom. Hawg Term used for large fish. Grayline A depth finder feature that allows the angler to distinguish between hard and soft bottom content. Holding Area Term used for structure that habitually holds game fish. Grubs comes in hundreds of colors and shapes. shelter and space. water. Holographic Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape. Grubs A short soft plastic worm with a swimming/curlytail used on jigs. Must provide adequate food. H Habitat The area where organisms live. Half Core Five colors or "half" of a standard 100-yard spool of lead core trolling line. Darseet Garasia Page 109 . Hook Hard wire formed into semi circle with sharpened point and barbed. Also called bolt cutters. or plain hooks. Head Lamps A battery powered flashlight type attachment on your hat or headgear for night fishing. Hatchery A facility where fish and raised for stocking. Honey Hole Term used for area that constantly produces fish. Greaser A term used for a Lake Trout. Hard Mono A type of leader material made from monofilament line.All you need to know about “FISHING” Graph Term used to describe a paper recorded depth finder.

Northern Pike. J Jaw Spreaders A catch and release tool made from hard wire coiled to hold the mouth of a fish open in removing lures or hooks. Invertebrate An animal without a backbone. their classification. and most dense layer of a stratified lake. Invasive Species A species is regarded as invasive if it has been introduced by human action to a location. or region where it did not previously occur naturally. downed tree. Darseet Garasia Page 110 . Mainly used for large game fish Muskie. area. habits and history. Hump Underwater area higher than the surrounding area. Inline Spinner Straight wire lure with blade (s) a weighted body and hook dressed or undressed. I Ichthyology Study of fish. or fluctuations in water levels. such as insects.All you need to know about “FISHING” Horizontal Movement Distance of migrating fish movements remaining at the same depth. It is typically the coldest layer in the summer and warmest in the winter. Hypolimnion The bottom. Inactive Fish Game fish that are non feeding caused by weather / temperature changes. Hypothermia The rapid and abnormal chilling of the body. Inside Bend Term for the inside curve of structure also called inside turn. It is isolated from wind mixing and typically too dark for much plant photosynthesis to occur. brush pile or crib. Isolated Structure Stand alone fish attracting structure can be a hump. structures.

First and Second Break lines and Basin. Open Water. Jig A hook with molded weight attached in lead or steel. Soft plastic’s jerks are used primarily for bass. droughts and flooding. Ice and wave erosion.All you need to know about “FISHING” Jerk Bait The name jerk bait refers to the retrieve the angler uses by short pulls or jerks. rubber skirts and soft plastic’s. Deep. Jig-N-Pig A bass lure using a jig dressed with a rubber skirt and a pork rind or plastic trailer attached to the hook to mimic a crayfish. K Keeper Term used for game fish that exceeds the minimum set size limit. Laydowns A log or tree that has fallen into the water caused from beavers. L Lake Modifications Environmental elements on water systems that causes changes. Jointed Lures Any lure that has a single or multiple pieces that are joined together. Lateral line A system of sense organs in fish: a series of pores or canals running along a line on each side of the body and on the head. erosion or wind. Hard jerks are used for most all species including the larger jerk baits for Muskie and Northern Pike. in the water. including vibrations. nylon Darseet Garasia Page 111 . Leader General The leader is the connection between the main fishing line and the lure. There are two categories of jerk baits soft plastic’s jerks and hard minnow type jerks. Made from steel wire. Lake Zones Categories used to describing water zones: Shallow. detects pressure changes. Larva Sub surface stage of development of an aquatic insect. Jigs come plain undressed or dressed with hair. marabou.

Lotic Moving water systems such as streams and rivers. Often purchased as a tapered section. Logjam A collection of downed trees usually found by shore. Used for most game fish when available during the fishing season. but can be assembled by tying successively smaller diameter sections of monofilament. Action is a tight vibrating wobble. The components of a leader is a snap . Lead Core Line Lead covered braided line colored every ten yards for metering purposes. Line Releases Used on planer boards and downrigger weights. Limiting Factor A biological limitation to a self-sustaining fish population. fishing line is attached directly to the lure. Light Intensity Refers to the amount of sunlight that can be measured at certain depths of the water column. releases hold the fishing line until a strike from a fish. Leeches A commercially sold live bait known as ribbon leech not the blood sucking variety. Clip on and tension held are the most popular. Line Guides Rod rings in which the line is held on a fishing rod. some have internal rattles. Fly Fishing Section of line used between the flyline and the tippet. bays or backwaters on rivers caused by current. Live well Aerated storage compartments found on boats for keeping the caught fish alive.wire/nylon/mono and a swivel. Lentic Still water systems such as lakes and reservoirs Life Vest Personal floatation devices (PFD) to be worn while boating to keep person afloat if overboard. Darseet Garasia Page 112 .All you need to know about “FISHING” or heavy monofilament the purpose is to minimize bite off’s from game fish. Comes in 100/200 yard spools used for depth controlled trolling. Lipless Crankbaits Minnow or shad type lures. Lindy Rig Trade name for a popular live bait bottom rig using a walking sinker a line stop with a length of line attached to a hook or floating jig head.

M Marabou Used for hook dressing on fly’s. The ball slowly breaks up providing fresh bait for long periods. They work on the principle that a small fish will swim into the trap to find food and is unable to find the way out. Moon Phases Moon times or phases are considered by anglers best fishing times when the fish are feeding. Marabou used today comes from young turkey feathers dyed in many colors.All you need to know about “FISHING” Lunker Term used for large fish caught. Suspend the trap near a dock. Minimum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protect smaller fish. The first and second quarter of the moon is rated as good fishing. on a stream. the best is three days prior and after the new of full moon. Known as a invasive plant species Mono Abbreviation for monofilament line. Metalimnion The middle or transitional zone between the well mixed epilimnion and the colder hypolimnion layers in a stratified lake. For solid bait buckets. inline spinners and spinner baits. There are four phases of the lunar cycle. Perforated floating bait buckets can be dropped over the side of a boat or dock to allow a constant flow of fresh water. Fish not meeting the minimum size must be released. or at the head of a pool where the current slows. Darseet Garasia Page 113 . a batterypowered aerator will keep bait alive all day. Minnow Trap Minnow traps are cylindrical. Milfoil A common name for submerged aquatic plant from the Myriophyllum species. This layer contains the thermocline but is loosely defined depending on the shape of the temperature profile. Fish at or above stated size must be released. Maximum Size Limit A fishing regulation which protects larger fish. Minnow traps are baited with a sticky mix of oatmeal or cornmeal rolled into a golf-ballsized clump. Lure Any artificial bait used to attract and catch fish. Migration Patterns Established patterns or paths that game fish use moving one area to another Minnow Bucket A metal or plastic live bait container for minnows. double-ended wire or plastic mesh funnels that narrow in the middle.

upon stopping the retrieve the bait will remain at that water level. Outside Bend Term for the outside curve of structure also called outside turn. Pectoral Fin The paired fins located just behind the gills along the abdomen. Night Crawler A earth worm used as live bait. Oxbow U shaped bend in a creek or river. Their function is to help the fish stop and turn. Nets Nets serve multiple purposes for fishing. O Off Color Refers to water color such as stained or dark water.All you need to know about “FISHING” Mud Minnow A commercially sold minnow as live bait used on most game fish. Pegging Placing a tooth pick in slip weights in order to fasten to the line. Darseet Garasia Page 114 . landing fish. bait nets and as floating live wells. used on most game fish Neutrally Buoyant In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. P Paper Mouth A term for crappie. N Night Bite Term for active fishing at night. Pattern A repetitive series of location and presentations that consistently produces fish.

Used for flying fishing and bass. Plankton Small or microscopic plants and animals that float or drift in great numbers especially at or near the surface. In purchasing a LCD depth finder the higher number of pixels the better screen resolution and clearer images. Pick-Up Term for soft bite or lite hit from a game fish. Point A outcropping or finger of land projecting into a water system. keeping the board on the line. and serve as food for fish and other larger game fish.All you need to know about “FISHING” PFD Abbreviation for Personal Floatation Device or Life Jacket. Polarized lenses may also react adversely with liquid crystal displays LCDs depth finders in reading the display screen. On Great Lakes rigging a single release is used and a snap. LCD’s display the water below by dividing the screen into thousands of pixels. Darseet Garasia Page 115 . Pitching A fishing technique by under handing a lure to a designated spot or area. Upon a fish strike the board will release to play the fish. Polarized Sunglasses Polarized sunglasses reduces glare from the sun and allows the angler to view into the water. A rating of 0 to 14 is used. A pixel is short for picture element a single point in a graphic image. water with less than 7 is acidic. Poppers Surface lure with a cupped mouth creating a splash when popped. Pocket Small opening in weeds or indentation on a shoreline. They work on the principle blocking the horizontal polarized light reflections by the vertically oriented polarizers in the lenses. They are attached to the fishing line by the use of a line release ( clip on / tension clip). PH A measurement for liquids to determine acidity or alkaline. Using planer boards allows the angler to run mutltiple lines by planning the boards off each side of the boat. PH Meter A meter to measure acidity or alkaline. Pit Old mine that filled with water. Planer Boards Used for trolling. planer boards are flat made from plastic or a dense floating foam with a beveled edge. Pixels Found on LCD liquid crystal depth finder display screens. arranged in rows and columns The pixels are so close together that they appear connected.

Reservoir A type of water system that is developed by the use of a dam. R Rattles Small metal balls used on inside of lures to create sound. impoundment and flowages. retrieve or trolling technique which makes a successful presentation. Post Front The weather after cold front moves through bringing clear blue bird skies and cooler temperatures. Darseet Garasia Page 116 . swimming tail. Ripple Tail Type of flat tail made on soft plastic lures that ripple or undulate in the water. natural such as rock piles or sand that vary in size and depth. An artificial reef is man made built for the purpose of promoting a underwater ecosystem in areas of generally a featureless bottom. Also called curly tail. water depth. Lure types and color. Found mainly on reservoirs. Prism Type of flash finish on lures in manufacturing or added by using lure finish tape. Riprap A man made stretch of boulders and rocks to prevent land erosion attracting many game fish. Presentation A term encompassing all elements in catching fish. Reef Any submerged structure protruding off the bottom. Red Worms A earth worm mainly used as bait for sunfish and perch. and squirrelly tail. Used primarily for ice fishing and muskie fishing with suckers. structure.All you need to know about “FISHING” Pork Rind Made from pig skin pork rind attach as trailers to lures for added action. squirmin tail. Q Quick Strike Rigs A fishing rig of multiple hooks placed on live bait in order to set the hook upon a strike of a fish. Red Tail Chub A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike and Walleyes.

Scoop Made in metal or plastic. Scents Also known as fish formulas and attractants are marketed as sprays. Seine A net laid out in a circle around a school of bait fish. Rubber Core Sinker A type of elongated sinker with a rubber core to attach ( twist on ) fishing line. a handle with a strainer type scoop to clean ice fishing holes. anise.All you need to know about “FISHING” Rosy Reds A commercially sold minnow as live bait available in the winter months for ice fishing. Rough Fish Fish not considered sport fish and generally not regulated. shad. crank baits. and spinner baits are generally used. used for Muskie and Northern Pike on jerk baits and gliders Darseet Garasia Page 117 . salt. crawfish. Seven Strand Leader A type of leader material using seven strand flexible wire. Scents also are impregnated in manufacturing of soft plastic lures. After the school is surrounded. Scents come in numerous different flavors or odors ranging from forage scents. the bottom of the net is drawn shut to trap the fish. S Saddle Lake structure that narrows and opens to a wide area. liquids and jellies applied to lures to mask the human odor and attract game fish. minnow to spices. Short Strike Term for missed fish or short bite. fruits and vegetables. inline spinners. Search Lures Lures used in a quick presentation such as fan casting a areain order tofind aggressive fish. Used on soft plastic lures. Shad Tail A type of tail on a lure that shakes back and forth. Sanctuary Area’s where fish are protected by the state Natural Resource Department. cherry and garlic. Single Strand Leader A leader component made from a single steel hard wire.

Once they take in the bait they can pull the line through the sinker eye not feeling any resistance which would cause them to spit out the bait. A snubber is a length of surgical tubing with a swivel attached at both ends. Slip Bobber A fishing rig component that uses a float/bobbermade of wood or dense foam around a hollow tube. Slip Sinker Any sinker that fishing line passes through. Snubbers Used on trolling rigs from the Dipsy Diver to the leader. When a fish strikes a trolled lure. in which the fishing line slips through to a line knot/stop above the weight and hook. rocks or on the bottom. Inside the tubing is a coiled piece of heavy line. Can be found with different sink rates for different fishing styles Sinkers Any type of weight used for fishing rigs. A slip sinker rig is well suited when still fishing the bottom for light biting fish such as walleyes. made from lead or steel. Slider A trolling rig by attaching multiple fishing lines to a single down rigger cable and weight by using sliding releases.All you need to know about “FISHING” Sinking Line A flyline design to sink below the surface of the water for getting a wet fly or streamer down deeper. Darseet Garasia Page 118 . the snubber stretches out to absorb the impact and then retracts. Slot Limit Fishing regulation which requires release of fish within a listed size range (or slot). Slough A narrow stretch of water such as a creek of stream off a lake or river system. Soft Plastic’s A category classification of any lure made from soft plastic’s. Size Limits Fishing regulations which limits anglers to keep fish based upon size. Snap A rigging component used to connect the lure from a leader or directly to the fishing line. The slip bobber is used for deep water live bait presentations mainly for walleyes and crappies and panfish. Slit Refers to the lake bottom content also known as muck. Ski Short term used for describing a Muskie / Musky. Slow Roll A fishing retrieve by slow rolling a spinner bait or weedless spoon over cover. weeds. wood.

Split Ring A lure component (wired ring) connecting the hooks to the lure. Stick Bait Darseet Garasia Page 119 . Splash Tail A surface lure with a bell shaped metal tail attached on the end that flaps side to side also known as a flap tail. Steelhead and Trout when spawning occurs in streams and rivers. Spring Fed Water system that is supplied water through a underground spring. Stained Water Refers to water color caused by minerals tree roots or drainage. Usual lengths approximately 4 to 5 feet. The line is retrieved in a spinning fashion over the bail. virtually used for all game fish with thousands of varieties and colors. Spawn Sac’s A effective bait used for Salmon. Spud A ice fishing metal chisel to clean frozen over holes. Split Shotting A finesse rig by using a small split shot above a single light wired hook using live bait or small soft plastic’s. Spawning Reproductive activity of fish. Spoons Considered one of oldest lures used in fishing. the act of releasing eggs into the water by female fish for fertilization by male fish. Spawn Sac’s are made from fish egg’s or roe tied together in using a fine mesh netting.All you need to know about “FISHING” Soft Tail Lures Hard bodied lures incorporating a soft plastic swimming or shad tail. Split Shot Type of round weight made from lead or steel that is pinched on fishing line. Spinner Bait A safety pin styled lead head wire blade (s) lure with a single hook dressed with rubber skirt hair or soft plastic’s. Spincaster A closed face spinning fishing reel mounted on the top of a rod employing a push button release for casting. Spinning Reel A open faced reel mounted underneath the rod. Used as bait on a drift fishing bottom rig. spoons are made from metal with hooks attached.

brush piles. Stink Bait Home made or commercially bought stink baits are concoctions of ingredients that produces a unique aroma that attract catfish and carp. making the bait go back-and-forth to resemble a wounded baitfish. cribs and rocks which creates habitats for feeding fish. which is called "walking the dog. Stinger Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called trailer hook. Suspended Fish Fish that relate to open water away from structure. The wire is slid through a minnow attaching a double hook on the end loop. upon stopping the retrieve the bait will suspend at that water level. T Darseet Garasia Page 120 .All you need to know about “FISHING” A lipless slender plug or topwater lure that is given action by the angler manipulating the rod and reel." Stick-Ups Any above surface stationary structure such as tree stumps or limbs. Suckers A commercially sold minnow as live bait for Northern Pike. Swimming Lures Any type of lures that are designed to swim as a baitfish by providing a wobble. old bridge pilings and fence posts. Walleyes and Muskies. Suspending Lures In context used to describe a suspending crank bait. Strip On’s A old time fishing rig also called Prescott Spinner. Also called Neutrally Buoyant Lure. Stragglers Term used when a school of fish move and a few stay behind. Swivels acts as a line stop and rigging connectors for bottom rigs also connects the fishing line to a leader to prevent line twist. Stringer A steel or nylon cable with or without snap hooks to keep fish. Structure Underwater structure is basically all solid objects rising from the bottom of a lake or river that isn't part of the actual bottom as in tree’s. vibrate or wiggle motion. Made from stiff wire with a rotating blade on front. Swivel A rigging component with many uses.

snap swivel and blade to a soft plastic lure or live sucker to add attraction and color. and bobber stops. while larger game fish are found suspended in or just below it. Tippet The monofilament section of the fly rig between the leader and the fly. weights swivels. Upon a fish strike the rod will follow a downward motion indicating a fish strike. Tinsel A metallic filament used in lure tying to provide flash and color on great lakes flies. push the hook to the eye. The function of a tip down is a rod holder and a strike indicator.All you need to know about “FISHING” Tackle Box A container that stores fishing equipment in a organized manner for transporting and protecting the tackle from the weather elements. The ice fishing rod is held on a tip down balancing on a pivot rod at a 45 degree angle upward maintaining depth control of the bait. These are areas underwater where warmer layers of water meet cooler layers. Taper Underwater structure gently slopes downward. Thumper Tail Lure A jointed surface lure with a rotating rear section using a metal cupped tail blade. snaps. Used on soft plastic worms. Thermocline During the summer months lakes stratify into layers. To make the rig weedless insert the hook about 3/8 of a inch in the front of the lure. baitfish hang just above the thermocline. this is the themocline and where fish are often active. Terminal Tackle A category classification for rigging components such as: hooks. Tail Gunner A muskie rig by attaching a combination of a single hook. crawfish and lizards. split rings. To rig a bullet weight is threaded on the line then a hook is tied. Darseet Garasia Page 121 . Texas Rig A weedless bottom rig used on soft plastic lures. Tail Spinners A tear drop weighted head jig with a blade mounted on the tail used for vertical jigging. Tip Down Used for ice fishing a tip down is made of wood or plastic. shaped as a H with a base. Generally. Test A measurement of fishing line strength as stated on the label. turn the hook and insert the point back into the lure with out exposing the point of the hook. Terrestrial Term used to describe land-based insects which are often food for fish. inland stream flies as well as bucktails.

Used for all game fish. They are drawn through the water by a connecting line from the boat or mast to the board itself unlike a planer board that is connected to the fishing line. The retrieve used is “Walk the Dog” using short cadence snaps making the lure move side to side. Trolling boards allows the angler to run multiple rod set-ups by placing sliding releases on the connecting line. Used for controlled drifting / casting and boat positioning. weeds to rocks etc… Also used in fish migration context. Topper Lure A straight top water lure with propellers in front and back. Trolling A fishing method where fishing lines are pulled behind a boat to attract and catch fish. Triggering The act of causing a fish to bite / strike a lure or live bait. rigged with a jig or hook inside. Topwater Lure Any lure that floats on the water also known as a surface lure. Trolling Board A trolling board are either single ordouble in make up. Torpedo Lure A top water lure shaped as a cigar or torpedo. Tubes A hollow bodied soft plastic lure tipped with tentacles. Trolling Motor A electric small fishing motor powered by marine batteries. The tip up rig is placed over a ice fishing hole on the cross piece with the metal tube turned vertically and placed in to the water. The amount of line used is held by the trip rod using the metal wire with the flag. Upon a fish strike the reel will turn moving the trip rod releasing the flag. Trailer Hook Additional hook added to a lure or jig as called stinger hook. Treble Hook A three pronged hook used on most all lures. Transition A term used when describing changing of water bottom conditions such as hard to soft. Darseet Garasia Page 122 .All you need to know about “FISHING” Tip-Up Used for ice fishing a tip up is a set rig using a cross piece of plastic or wood with a spring loaded wire and flag attached. mounted on the bow or stern. Centered on the cross piece is a metal tube filled with anti freeze attached to a reel on the bottom and a trip bar on top. Tributary A stream that flows into a larger stream.

nylon. Vise The tool used to hold a hooks or lures in place while tying or building lures. Vest A piece of clothing used to hold various tools. the larvae are milky white or light tan about 3/4" in length. However. especially in small sheltered lakes. Waypoint A GPS term for location. or destination (latitude/longitude) that can be stored in memory to be recalled and used at a later time for navigation purposes.All you need to know about “FISHING” Turnover Fall cooling and spring warming of surface water act to make density uniform throughout the water column. spot. raising the water's oxygen content. Can be insulated to supply warmth. fly boxes and other equipment while fishing. Twitching A fishing retrieve. Favorite bait for panfish used year round. This allows wind and wave action to mix the entire lake. It's shape also prevents it from rolling and the streamlined shape resists snags. Darseet Garasia Page 123 . Mixing allows bottom waters to contact the atmosphere. W Waders Protective outer clothing used to keep the fisherman dry when standing or float-tubing in water. Typically made of neoprene. Walk the Dog A fishing retrieve used on the surface by snapping a torpedo type lure with short cadence snaps to move the lure side to side. the act of popping a minnow type lure on the surface to sub surface creating a erratic motion of a distressed baitfish. Waxworms The wax worm is the larvae of the wax moth. V Vertical Movement Up and down movement of fish through water columns also a fishing technique by jigging. or a Gore-Tex-like material. warming may occur too rapidly in the spring for mixing to be effective. Walking Sinker Used on bottom rigs made from lead or steel The walking sinker is designed to pivot on it's heel and let the line slide through the eye.

Worm’n A bass fishing technique using a soft plastic worm. and serve as food for fish and other larger organisms. Cast drop and drag slowly. Weedline A weed line or weed edge is caused by a change in depth. Worm Harness A fishing rig using a leader with multiple single hooks for night crawlers along with a combination of blades and or floats. Wire Line Used for deep water trolling. Darseet Garasia Page 124 . Z Zooplankton Small or microscopic animals that float or drift in great numbers in water.All you need to know about “FISHING” Weedless A term used to describe making a lure. jig or hook minimize snagging on weeds or wood by using a wire. wire line is available in single wire or stranded made of copper and nickel-copper alloy and stainless steel. The basic components are a bell sinker with a length of line to a three way swivel connecting to the rod and a short leader to the hook. lizard or crawfish. fiber or plastic guards over the hook. or transition of the bottom type. especially at or near the surface. Wobbler A international term used to describe a jointed plug or crank bait. Wolf River Bait Rig Popular river bottom fishing rig named after the river it is used on.

All you need to know about “FISHING” Darseet Garasia Page 125 .

All you need to know about “FISHING” Darseet Garasia Page 126 .

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