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NLRC

Spoken English Training


Slides
By
Dr. K. S. Jayakumar

Founder & Chairman, Assistant Professor & Head


NLRC Spoken English. Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Saveetha School of Engineering,
Saveetha University, Chennai-602105
Head Office:
4-81/60, Selliamman Nagar,
Nagar, M. Perumapalayam(PO)
Perumapalayam(PO)
Salem(DT),
Salem(DT), Tamil Nadu,
Nadu, India – 636111.
1 Mob: +91 9894854413, Email: nlrcspokenenglish@gmail.com
Web: www.nlrc.in
NLRC Spoken English
(For Graduates, Professionals and All)

Head Office: 4-81/60, Selliamman Nagar, M. Perumapalayam (PO), Salem – 636111, Tamil Nadu, India.
H/P: 9894854413, Phone: 0427-2912095, E-mail: nlrcspokenenglish@gmail.com, Web: www.nlrc.in

Please Visit Our Website


For
NLRC Spoken English

www.nlrc.in

NLRC Spoken English is in

Chennai Now!!!
Cognitive Spoken English

2
Founder & Chairman of NLRC Spoken English

Dr. K. S. Jayakumar, B.E, M.Tech, M.S, PhD.


™ B.E – Mechanical Engineering, Angala Amman Engineering

College, Trichy, 1993 - 1997.

™ M.Tech – Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

(IIT-Delhi), 1998 - 2000

™ M.S – Industrial Engineering, Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA)

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA, NUS –


Singapore), 2000 - 2001

™ PhD – Artificial Intelligence, Nanyang Technological University,

3 Singapore, 2002 – 2007.


What is NLRC?
‰ NLRC is Natural Language Research
Center.
™ ªñ£Nèœ Ýó£ŒC G¬ôò‹
‰ Company Logo ñóƒèœ õ÷¼õ¶ «ð£™ î¡Q„¬êò£è
õ÷˜.
ñóƒèœ õ÷˜‰¶ ܬùõ¼‚°‹ ðò¡
ÜOŠð¶ «ð£™, cƒèÀ‹ ñŸøõ˜èÀ‚°
ðòÂœ÷î£è Þ¼ƒèœ.
²ŸÁÅö¬ô ñ£²ðì£ñ™ ð£¶è£Šð£è
4 ¬õˆF¼ƒèœ.
Mission Statement

NLRC Strives to Make Everyone to be a


Great Communicator

5
Vision Statement

NLRC Strives to Create Future Leaders

6
Test for Identifying Your Fluency
àƒèO¡ «ð²‹ ݃AôˆF¡ ¹ô¬ñ¬ò è‡ìP»‹ «ê£î¬ù

‰ ñ£íõ˜ å¼õ˜ Þ¼‚Aø£˜. ÜõK¡ ªñ£N îI› â¡Á ¬õˆ¶‚


ªè£œ«õ£‹.
‰  ÜõKì‹ îIN™ Þ¼‚°‹ 10 ð‚è è¬î¬ò ªè£´ˆ¶ "Þ‰î
è¬î¬ò 𮈶 M†´ Þ¬î âù‚° ªê£™½ƒèœ" â¡Á ÃÁA«ø¡.
‰  Þ¬î ªê£¡ù¾ì¡, ܉î ñ£íõ˜ è¬î¬ò ð®Šð£˜. è¬î¬ò
¹K‰¶‚ ªè£‡ìŠ Hø°, 10 ð‚è è¬î¬ò ° Ü™ô¶ 䉶 GIìˆF™
â¡Qì‹ ªê£™L º®Šð£˜.
‰ ñ£íõ˜ è¬î¬ò â¡Qì‹ ªê£™½‹ «ð£¶ Üõ˜ I辋 Þò™ð£è
«ð²õ£˜. «ñ½‹, Üõ˜ â‹ ðî†ìŠðì£ñ™ «ð²õ£˜.
7
Test for Identifying Your Fluency
àƒèO¡ «ð²‹ ݃AôˆF¡ ¹ô¬ñ¬ò è‡ìP»‹ «ê£î¬ù

‰  Ü«î ñ£íõKì‹ 10 ð‚è ݃Aô è¬î¬ò ªè£´ˆ¶


"Þ‰î è¬î¬ò 𮈶 M†´ Þ¬î âù‚° ݃AôˆF™
ªê£™½ƒèœ" â¡Á ÃÁA«ø¡.
‰ Üõ˜ è¬î¬ò 𮈶 ï¡ø£è ¹K‰¶‚ ªè£œAø£˜ â¡Á
¬õˆ¶‚ ªè£œ«õ£‹. Üõ˜ ¹K‰¶‚ ªè£‡ì è¬î¬ò â¡Qì‹
ªê£™½‹ «ð£¶ W›è‡ì Þ¡ù™èÀ‚° à†ð´Aø£˜.
™ Üõ˜ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹ «ð£¶, è¬îJ™ Þ¼‚°‹ ݃Aô
õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ÜŠð®«ò ðò¡ð´ˆF «ð²õ£˜.
™ Üõ˜ ¹K‰¶‚ ªè£‡ì è¬î¬ò ºîL™ îIN™ ªñ£N ªðò˜Šð£˜.
Hø°, îI› õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ݃AôˆF™ ªñ£N ªðò˜Šð£˜.
8
Test for Identifying Your Fluency
àƒèO¡ «ð²‹ ݃AôˆF¡ ¹ô¬ñ¬ò è‡ìP»‹ «ê£î¬ù
™ Üõ˜ îI› õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ݃AôˆF™ ªñ£N ªðò˜‚°‹ «ð£¶, îI›
õ£‚AòˆF™ Þ¼‚°‹ 嚪õ£¼ õ£˜ˆ¬î‚°‹ Ü‡ì£ù ݃Aô
õ£˜ˆ¬î¬ò ðò¡ð´ˆF ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñŠð£˜. Üõ˜ ñùF™
îI› õ£˜ˆ¬î‚° î°‰î ݃Aô õ£˜ˆ¬î àF‚èM™¬ô â¡ø£™,
Üõ˜ ñùF™ ðìð승 ãŸð´‹; ÜõK¡ ° Hó½‹; ðòˆF™ Üõ¼‚°
Mò˜‚°‹.
™ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹ «ð£¶ (Üî£õ¶ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñ‚°‹
«ð£¶), â‰î conjunction-¬ò ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õ¶; â‰î tense-¬ò
ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õ¶; â‰î preposition-¬ò ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õ¶ â¡Á «ò£CŠð£˜.
Üõ˜, ÜFè «ïó‹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î Þô‚èí H¬öJ¡P
ܬñŠðF™ ªêôM´õ£˜.
Üõ˜ îIN™ «ð²‹ «ð£¶ «ñŸªê£¡ù Þ¡ù™èÀ‚° Ý÷£õF™¬ô.
9 Ýù£™, ݃Aô‹ «ð²‹ «ð£¶ ñ†´‹ ã¡ Þ‰îŠ Hó„ê¬ùèœ?
Test for Identifying Your Fluency
àƒèO¡ «ð²‹ ݃AôˆF¡ ¹ô¬ñ¬ò è‡ìP»‹ «ê£î¬ù

‰ ÞŠ«ð£¶,  àƒèOì‹ «è†°‹ ºî™ «èœM:


™ cƒèœ îI¬ö 𮂰‹«ð£¶ àƒèÀ‚° 100% ¹KAø¶. Ü«î ñ£FK,
݃Aô‹ 𮂰‹«ð£¶ àƒèÀ‚° âˆî¬ù êîMAî‹ (%) ¹KAø¶?
™ àƒèœ ðF™?
™ ºî™ Gð‰î¬ù: cƒèœ îI¬ö âŠð® 100% ¹K‰¶‚ªè£œAl˜è«÷£,
Ü«îñ£FK cƒèœ ݃Aôˆ¬î»‹ 100% ¹K‰¶‚ªè£œ÷ «õ‡´‹.
‰  àƒèOì‹ «è†°‹ Ü´ˆî «èœM:
™ cƒèœ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹«ð£¶ «ñŸªê£¡ù Þ¡ù™èÀ‚° Ý÷£è£ñ™,
îI¬ö «ð£™ Þò™ð£è «ð²Al˜è÷£?
™ Þó‡ì£õ¶ Gð‰î¬ù: cƒèœ G¬ùˆî 輈¶è¬÷ âŠð® îIN™
Þò™ð£è «ð²Al˜è«÷£, Ü«î«ð£™ ݃AôˆF½‹ «ðê «õ‡´‹.
âƒèœ NLRC Spoken English-¡ º‚Aò «ï£‚è‹
â¡ùªõ¡ø£™ «ñŸªê£¡ù Þó‡´ Gð‰î¬ùè¬÷»‹ ̘ˆF
10
ªêŒõ‹.
Reason for Developing Cognitive Spoken English
¹ô¡ ꣘‰î «ð²‹ ݃Aô‹ à¼õ£‚èŠð†ìîŸè£ù è£óí‹
‰  îIN™ êó÷ñ£è à¬óò£´A«ø£‹. ãªù¡ø£™ ñ ²ŸP
àœ÷õ˜èœ ܬùõ¼‹ îIN™ à¬óò£´õ.
‰ 𣶠àƒèÀ‚° U‰F ªîKòM™¬ô â¡Á
¬õˆ¶‚ªè£œ«õ£‹. cƒèœ º‹¬ð ªê™Al˜èœ. ܃° å¼
ÝÁ ñ£îƒèœ cƒèœ õC‚Al˜èœ. ܉î êñòˆF™ cƒèœ
U‰F¬ò êó÷ñ£è «ð²i˜èœ.
‰ Þ¶ âŠð® àƒèÀ‚° ꣈Fòñ£Aø¶? ãªù¡ø£™ àƒè¬÷
²ŸP»œ÷õ˜èœ ܬùõ¼‹ U‰FJ™ à¬óò£´õ.
‰ Ü«î«ð£™, àƒè¬÷ ²ŸP Þ¼Šðõ˜èœ ݃AôˆF™
à¬óò£®ù£™, cƒèÀ‹ ݃Aô‹ êó÷ñ£è «ðêô£‹. Ýù£™
ñ ²ŸP»œ÷õ˜èœ ªð¼‹ð£½‹ ݃Aô‹ ªîK‰F¼‰î£™
11Ãì îIN™î£¡ à¬óò£´Aø£˜èœ. Þîù£™î£¡,
ï‹ñ£™ ݃Aô‹ êó÷ñ£è «ð꺮òM™¬ô.
Reason for Developing Cognitive Spoken English
¹ô¡ ꣘‰î «ð²‹ ݃Aô‹ à¼õ£‚èŠð†ìîŸè£ù è£óí‹

‰ ÞŠ«ð£¶  àƒèOì‹ «è†°‹ Iè º‚Aòñ£ù «èœM


â¡ùªõ¡ø£™, cƒèœ ݃Aô‹ ªîK‰îõ˜èÀì¡ à¬óò£´õ¶ «ð£¡ø
Å›G¬ô¬ò ªêòŸ¬è º¬øJ™ Ü™ô¶ ªêòŸ¬èò£è à¼õ£‚è
º®»ñ£?
‰ Þî¡ M¬ì: 臮Šð£è º®»‹. ï£ƒèœ î¼‹ °PŠ«ð†¬ì cƒèœ
¹K‰¶‚ªè£‡ì£™, cƒèœ ݃Aô‹ ªîK‰îõ˜èOì‹ å¼ õ¼ìè£ô‹
à¬óò£®ò êññ£°‹.

Þ¶ âŠð® ꣈Fòñ£Aø¶?
Learning English language through Interaction (our
sensors) is called Cognitive Spoken English
12
Brain Memories

NLRC Spoken English


Training Creates this
Connection in your
Brain Memory

‰ The Strong linking (Connection) between Physical Memory and Semantic


Memory (Tamil) makes you speak Tamil Fluently.
‰ Similarly, The Strong linking (Connection) between Physical Memory and
Semantic Memory (English) makes you speak English Fluently.
13 Spoken English Training Creates the Strong Linking between Physical
NLRC
Memory and Semantic Memory (English)
Grammar Þ™ô£ñ™ ݃Aô‹ èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷
º®»ñ£?
‰ ï‹ îI› ªñ£N¬ò â´ˆ¶‚ªè£œ«õ£‹. å¼ °ö‰¬îò£ù¶ ºî™ õòF™
Ü¬î ²ŸP Þ¼‚°‹ ªð£¼œè¬÷ 𣘂Aø¶ ñŸÁ‹ ܬõè¬÷ H®‚Aø¶.
‰ îù¶ Þó‡ì£õ¶ õòF™, C¡ù C¡ù õ£˜ˆ¬îè¬÷ «ð²Aø¶. Í¡ø£õ¶
õòF™ C¡ù C¡ù õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ «ð²Aø¶. è£õ¶ õòF™ ï™ô£
êó÷ñ£è îI¬ö «ð²Aø¶.
‰ ä‰î£õ¶ õòF™ îI¬ö â¿î ñŸÁ‹ ð®‚è èŸÁ‚ªè£œAø¶.
‰ ÞFL¼‰¶ â¡ù ªîKAø¶? ºîL™  «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ìŠHø°î£¡
â¿î ñŸÁ‹ ð®‚è èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹.
‰ Ýù£™, ݃AôˆF™ ñ†´‹ 㡠 â¿î ñŸÁ‹ ð®‚è èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ì
Hø° «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹?
 ªêŒ»‹ Þ‰î îõŸ¬ø ï¡ø£è «ò£Cˆ¶Šð£¼ƒèœ.
14
We Train You Spoken English Without Grammar
Grammar Þ™ô£ñ™ ݃Aô‹ èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷
º®»ñ£? - º®»‹
‰ å«ó å¼ C¡ù MCò‹ ï‹IìI¼‰¶ ñ¬ø‚èŠð†ìî¡
M¬÷¾î£¡,  ݃Aô‹ «ð²õ î¬ìò£è Þ¼‚Aø¶.
‰ ܶ  õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹ º¬ø ( Sentence Pattern )
‰ ꘂè¬ó ãî£õ¶ eF Þ¼‚Aøî£? â¡ø õ£‚Aòˆ¬î âŠð®
݃AôˆF™ ªê£™õ¶.
‰ ªð¼‹ð£½‹ ðô˜ H¡ðŸøîò º¬ø: ªñ£N ªðò˜ˆî™
‰ Þ‰î ªñ£Nªðò˜ˆî™ cƒèœ ݃Aô‹ êó÷ñ£è «ð²õ
î¬ìò£è Þ¼‚Aø¶.
‰ Ü´ˆ¶, ªñ£Nªðò˜‚è£ñ™ âŠð® ݃AôˆF™ õ£‚Aòˆ¬î
15
ܬñŠð¶ â¡Á 𣘊«ð£‹.
îINL¼‰¶ ªñ£Nªðò˜‚è£ñ™ ݃AôˆF™
âŠð® õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ܬñŠð¶?

輈¶ Ü™ô¶ Å›G¬ô: ꘂè¬ó ãî£õ¶


eF Þ¼‚Aøî£?

Sentence Pattern: Is there any sth left?

Final Sentence: Is there any sugar left?


Þƒ° õ£‚Aò ܬñŠH™ sth=sugar â¡Á
16
̘ˆF ªêŒòŠð†´œ÷¶.
îINL¼‰¶ ªñ£Nªðò˜‚è£ñ™ ݃AôˆF™
âŠð® õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ܬñŠð¶?

輈¶ Ü™ô¶ Å›G¬ô: cƒèœ è£H °®‚è


M¼‹¹Al˜è÷£?

Sentence Pattern: Would you like to do sth?

Final Sentence: Would you like to drink coffee?


Þƒ° õ£‚Aò ܬñŠH™ do= drink ñŸÁ‹ sth=coffee â¡Á
17
̘ˆF ªêŒòŠð†´œ÷¶.
îINL¼‰¶ ªñ£Nªðò˜‚è£ñ™ ݃AôˆF™
âŠð® õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ܬñŠð¶?
‰ ñŸø õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹èœ:
™ Is there any sth left? - sth â¡ø ªð£¼œ ãî£õ¶ eî‹
Þ¼‚Aøî£?
™ Is there any milk left? - 𣙠ãî£õ¶ eî‹ Þ¼‚Aøî£?
™ I am ready to do sth / I am about to do sth -  do
â¡ø ªêò¬ô ªêŒò îò£ó£è Þ¼‚A«ø¡.
™ I am ready to eat the food / I am about to eat the
food -  àí¬õ ꣊Hì îò£ó£è Þ¼‚A«ø¡.
(Sentence Patterns are available in
18 www.ldoceonline.com)
Patterns are Available in Longman Dictionary of
Contemporary English (www.ldoceonline.com)

19
What is Communication Skill?
‰ Communication Skill Consists of Two Parts:
™ Concept Understanding and Generation (輈¬î
¹K‰¶‚ªè£œÀî™ ñŸÁ‹ 輈¬î à¼õ£‚°î™)
™ Concept Description (à¼õ£‚Aò 輈¬î ñŸøõ˜èÀ‚°
¹K»‹ð® ªê£™½î™)
‰ cƒèœ ªê£™½‹ å¼ è¼ˆ¶ ⊫𣶠ñŸøõ¼‚° ¹K»‹?
cƒèœ ñŸøõ¼‚° å¼ ¹¶ 輈¬î ªê£™½‹«ð£¶, Ü‰î ¹¶
輈¬î Üõ¼‚° ãŸèù«õ ªîK‰î å¼ è¼ˆ¶ Íô‹
ªê£™½‹«ð£¶ Üõ¼‚° ï¡ø£è ¹K»‹.
20
݃AôˆF™ «ð²ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô ñŸÁ‹
«è†ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô âŠð® Þ¼‚°‹?
‰ «ð²ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô:
™ ¹ˆîèˆF™ Þ¼‚°‹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ÜŠð®«ò «ðê «õ‡´‹.
™ Þô‚èíŠ H¬öJ¡P «ðê «õ‡´‹.
™ «õèñ£è «ðê «õ‡´‹.
™ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²ðõ˜ «ð²‹«ð£¶ õ£˜ˆ¬îèÀ‚° Þ¬ìJ™ å¼ Mù£®
è£ôÜ÷¾ ªè£´ˆî£™ Ãì Üõ¼‚° å¼ GIì‹ Ü™ô¶ ÜFè «ïó‹ è£ôÜ÷¾
ªè£´Šð¶ «ð£™ «î£¡Á‹.
™ Cô˜ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹ «ð£¶, Üî¡ õ£‚Aòˆ¬î º®ŠðF™ ñ†´‹ °Pò£è
Þ¼Šð£˜èœ. Ýù£™ Þõ˜ «ð²õ¬î «è†°‹ ï𼂰 ¹K‰îî£ Þ™¬ôò£ â¡Á‚
致‚ªè£œ÷ ñ£†ì£˜.
™ Cô˜ ݃AôˆF™ ãî£õ¶ «ðê«õ‡´ªñQ™, Üõ˜èœ «ð²õ¬î «ðŠðK™ â¿F
ñùŠð£ì‹ ªêŒ¶ªè£‡´ «ð²õ£˜èœ. Üõ˜è¬÷ °P‚A†´ Þ¬ìJ™ ãî£õ¶
21 «èœM «è†ì£™ I辋 ðî†ìŠð´õ£˜èœ.
݃AôˆF™ «ð²ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô ñŸÁ‹
«è†ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô âŠð® Þ¼‚°‹?
‰ «è†ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô:
™ «è†ðõ˜ ݃Aô õ£‚AòˆF¡ ªð£¼¬÷ ñ†´‹î£¡ èõQŠð£˜.
cƒèœ Þô‚èí H¬ö«ò£´ «ð²Al˜è÷£ Þ™¬ôò£ â¡Á
èõQ‚èñ£†ì£˜.
™ «ð²ðõ˜ M†´ M†´ ªñ¶õ£è «ðCù£™ Ãì, «è†ðõ˜
ªð£Á¬ñ»ì¡ Þ¼Šð£˜. «ð²ðõK¡ 輈¬î‚ «è†ðF™ ñ†´‹î£¡
°Pò£è Þ¼Šð£˜.
™ «ð²ðõ˜ Þ‰î ñ£FK «ðCù£™ Ãì «èìðõ˜ ï¡ø£è ¹K‰¶‚
ªè£œõ£˜. "I walk road thief hit I fell", Þ‰î ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î
♫ô£¼‹ ¹K‰¶‚ ªè£œõ£˜èœ. ÞFL¼‰¶  â¡ù ¹K‰¶
22 ªè£‡«ì£‹ â¡ø£™, «ð²‹ «ð£¶ Þô‚èíŠ H¬ö«ò£´
Ãì «ðêô£‹.
v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚L¬ú ðŸPò
å¼ è‡«í£†ì‹

Spoken English – A Glance

23
Spoken English – A Glance
‰ Spoken English â¡ø£™ â¡ù?
Spoken English â¡ð¶ âO¬ñò£ù ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷
(Simple Sentences) ªè£‡ì‹. ݃A«ôò˜èœ ݃AôˆF™
«ð²‹«ð£¶ ªð¼‹ð£½‹ âO¬ñò£ù ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷
ðò¡ð´ˆ¶Aø£˜èœ.
‰ Written English â¡ø£™ â¡ù?
™ Written English â¡ð¶ èôŠ¹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷
(Complex Sentences) ªè£‡ì‹. å¼ èôŠ¹
õ£‚Aòñ£ù¶ ÜFè Þô‚èí MFè¬÷ àœ÷ì‚A â¿îŠð†®¼‚°‹.
™ ݃Aô Þô‚è투î ï¡° ªîK‰¶ ªè£‡ì£™  èôŠ¹
õ£‚AòˆF™ Þ¼‚°‹ 輈¶è¬÷ å¼õ˜ ªîOõ£è
¹K‰¶‚ªè£œ÷ º®»‹.Þ‰î èôŠ¹ õ£‚Aòñ£ù¶ ¹ˆîèƒèœ,
24 ªêŒFî£œèœ «ð£¡øõŸP™ ÜFèñ£è ðò¡ð´ˆîŠð´Aø¶.
Spoken English – A Glance
‰ Spoken English-‹ Written English-‹ å¡ø£?
Spoken English-‹ Written English-‹ å¡ø™ô. Þ¬õèœ Þó‡´‹ ªõš«õø£ù¬õ.
Spoken English «ð²õ‹, Written English ⿶õ‹ ðò¡ð´ˆîŠð´Aø¶.
‰ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ ã¡ âO¬ñò£ù ݃Aô
õ£‚Aòƒèœ (Simple Sentences) ðò¡ð´ˆîŠð´Aø¶?
™  «ð²‹«ð£¶ «ò£Cˆî™, õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñˆî™, õ£‚Aòˆ¬î à„êKˆî™ «ð£¡ø
ªêò™è¬÷ Iè °ÁAò è£ôˆF™ Ü™ô¶ «ïóˆF™ ªêŒA«ø£‹.
™ å¼õ˜ êó÷ñ£è ݃AôˆF™ «ðê «õ‡´ñ£ù£™, Üõ˜ 臮Šð£è âO¬ñò£ù ݃Aô
õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ (Simple Sentences) ðò¡ð´ˆî «õ‡´‹. ÜŠªð£¿¶î£¡ Üõ˜
«ò£Cˆî™, õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñˆî™, õ£‚Aòˆ¬î à„êKˆî™ «ð£¡ø ªêò™è¬÷ Iè °ÁAò
è£ôˆF™ Ü™ô¶ «ïóˆF™ ªêŒòº®»‹.
™ Ýù£™ å¼õ˜ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ èôŠ¹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ (Complex
Sentences) ðò¡ð´ˆFù£™ õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñŠðF½‹ ñŸÁ‹ ܬî à„êKŠðF½‹ è£ô
25 î£ñî‹ ãŸð´‹. Þ‰î è£ô î£ñîˆFù£™î£¡ å¼õ˜ ݃AôˆF™ êó÷ñ£è «ð꺮õF™¬ô
Spoken English – A Glance
‰ èì‰î 50 õ¼ì è£ôñ£è îI›ï£†®™ ݃Aô‹ èŸÁˆîóŠð´Aø¶.
Ýù£™ ޡ‹ ïñ‚° ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ è®ùñ£è Þ¼Šð¶
ã¡?
 å¼ ªñ£N¬ò «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ì Hø°î£¡ Ü‰î ªñ£N¬ò ð®‚è ñŸÁ‹ â¿î
èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹.  îI› ªñ£NJ™ Þ‰î ñ£FK ªêŒA«ø£‹.Ýù£™ ݃AôˆF™ â¡ù
ïì‚Aø¶? ݃Aô ªñ£N¬ò â¿î ñŸÁ‹ ð®‚è èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ì Hø°î£¡ «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹.
 ªêŒ»‹ Þ‰î îõ¬ø êŸÁ C‰F»ƒèœ.

‰ v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚LR™ ªð¼‹ð£¡¬ñ«ò£˜ ªêŒ»‹ îõÁ â¡ù?


݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹«ð£¶ ¹ˆîèˆF™ Þ¼‚°‹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ÜŠð®«ò«ðê«õ‡´‹ â¡Á
ªð¼‹ð£¡¬ñ«ò£˜ G¬ù‚Aø£˜èœ. Þ‰î CPò îõÁ Üõ˜èœ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ¬î
è®ùñ£è Ý‚°Aø¶.
ãŸèù«õ °PŠH†ì ñ£FK, cƒèœ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ âO¬ñò£ù õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ (Simple
Sentences) ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õF™¬ô. Ü ñ£ø£è, ðô˜ «ð²õ èôŠ¹ õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ Üî£õ¶
¹ˆîè‹ ñŸÁ‹ ªêŒFî£O™ Þ¼‚°‹ õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ
26è®ùñ£è Þ¼‚Aø¶.
Spoken English – A Glance
‰ v«ð£‚è¡Þƒ‚Lv èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷ ݃Aô
Þô‚èí‹ «î¬õò£?
™ v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚Lv èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷, Üî£õ¶ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ
݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ «î¬õJ™¬ô.  ¬ìò Í¡ø£õ¶
õòFL¼‰«î îI¬ö êó÷ñ£è «ð²A«ø£‹. ⡬ø‚è£õ¶ îI›
Þô‚è투î ðŸP «ò£Cˆî¶ à‡ì£? 臮Šð£è A¬ìò£¶.
™ Ýù£™ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ ñ†´‹ 㡠 ݃Aô
Þô‚è투î I辋 A«ø£‹?
™ ãŸèù«õ ªê£¡ùñ£FK, Written English-™ Þ¼‚°‹ èôŠ¹
õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ¹K‰¶‚ªè£œõ ݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ è‡®Šð£è
«î¬õ. Ýù£™ Spoken English-™ Þ¼‚°‹ âO¬ñò£ù
õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ¹K‰¶ªè£œ÷ ñŸÁ‹ «ðê ݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ «î¬õ
27 Þ™¬ô.
Spoken English – A Glance
‰  îI¬ö êó÷ñ£è «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£œÀ‹«ð£¶
îI› Þô‚è투î èŸøF™¬ô. Ü«î«ð£™
݃Aô Þô‚è투î èŸè£ñ™ ݃AôˆF™
âŠð® êó÷ñ£è «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£œõ¶?
™ ݃Aô Þô‚è투î èŸè£ñ™ ݃AôˆF™ êó÷ñ£è «ðê¬õ‚°‹
º¬ø‚° õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹ º¬ø (Sentence Pattern
Method) â¡Á ªðò˜.
™ Þ‰î àôèˆF«ô«ò ºî¡ º¬øò£è õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹ º¬ø¬ò
ðò¡ð´ˆF ݃AôˆF™ «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£´‚°‹ å«ó GÁõù‹ NLRC
28 Spoken English Ý°‹.
Spoken English – A Glance
‰ Þ‰î ¹ˆîèˆF™ ݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ Þ™ô£ñ™ v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚Lv
â¡Á â¿îŠð†®¼‚Aø¶. ÞŠ¹ˆîè‹ Íô‹ ݃Aô‹
èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ì£™ âù‚° Written English õó£¶ â¡Á ðô˜
G¬ù‚Aø£˜èœ. Þ‰î ßÁ êKò£?
™ cƒèœ Þšõ£Á G¬ùŠð¶ îõÁ. Tense ñŸÁ‹ Conjunction-è¬÷
ªîK‰¶‚ªè£œõ¶, õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ H¬öJ™ô£ñ™ ⿶‹ ðJŸC «ð£¡ø¬õèœî£¡
Written English â¡Á ðô˜ G¬ù‚Aø£˜èœ. Þ¶ îõø£ù ßÁ Ý°‹.
Þ¬õèœ à‡¬ñJ™ Written English‚°‡ì£ù 輈¶è«÷ A¬ìò£¶.
Þ¬îMì ޡ‹ 99 êîMî ¹¶¬ñò£ù 輈¶èœ Written English-™
Þ¼‚Aø¶.
™ õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹èœ Íô‹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñ‚°‹ º¬ø¬ò
ªîK‰¶‚ªè£‡ì£™î£¡ cƒèœ Written English-™ ¹ô¬ñ ªðøº®»‹. õ£‚Aò
ܬñŠH™ ݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ ñ¬ø‰F¼‚Aø¶.
™ ݃Aô Þô‚è투î ñ ÜPò£ñ«ô«ò  õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹ Íô‹
29 èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹. ޶ à‡¬ñ.
Spoken English – A Glance
‰ ݃AôˆF™ êó÷ñ£è «ð²õ ªêŒF÷ ð®‚èô£ñ£?
™ ݃AôˆF™ êó÷ñ£è «ð²õ ªêŒF÷ ð®‚è Ã죶. ãªù¡ø£™
ªêŒFî£O™ Þ¼‚°‹ õ£‚Aòƒèœ èôŠ¹ õ£‚Aòƒèœ Ý°‹.
™ cƒèœ ݃AôˆF™ êó÷ñ£è «ð²õ °ö‰¬îèœ ï®ˆî ݃Aô ý£L¾†
F¬óðìƒè¬÷ ݃Aô ꊬ솮½ì¡ 𣼃èœ. ãªù¡ø£™ ÞˆF¬óðìƒèO™
Þ¼‚°‹ õ£ƒAòƒèœ Iè âO¬ñò£è Þ¼‚°‹.
‰ ݃AôˆF™ êó÷ñ£è «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£œðõ˜ ⊫𣶋
݃AôˆF™î£¡ «ò£C‚è «õ‡´‹. îIN™ «ò£C‚è Ã죶 â¡Á
ÜP¾ÁˆîŠð´Aø£˜èœ. Þ‰î ßÁ êKò£?
™ 臮Šð£è îõÁ.  îIN«ô£ Ü™ô¶ ݃AôˆF«ô£ «ò£CŠð¶ A¬ìò£¶. 
«ò£Cˆî™ â¡ø ªêò¬ô ¬ìò ͬ÷J¡ Physical Memory-J¡ Íôñ£è
ªêŒA«ø£‹.
™ Physical Memory-Ýù¶ ¬ìò 䋹ô¡èO¡ C‚ù™èOù£™
à¼õ£‚èŠð†®¼‚Aø¶. Physical Memory-J™ à¼õ£‚Aò 輈¬î 
îIN«ô£ Ü™ô¶ ݃AôˆF«ô£ õ£‚Aòñ£è ܬñˆ¶ «ð²A«ø£‹.
30
Spoken English – A Glance
‰ 㡠݃Aô ªñ£N îIN™ èŸÁˆîóŠð´Aø¶?
™ å¼ ¹¶‚輈¬î  ñŸøõ¼‚° ªê£™½‹«ð£¶ Ü‰î ¹¶‚輈¬î Üõ¼‚°
ªîK‰î å¼ è¼ˆ¶ Íôñ£è ªê£™½‹«ð£¶î£¡ Üõ˜ ï¡ø£è ¹K‰¶‚ªè£œõ£˜.
™ ï‹ â™«ô£¼‚°‹ îI› ï¡ø£è ªîK»‹. Ýîô£™ ïñ‚° ªîKò£î ݃Aôˆ¬î
 ïñ‚° ªîK‰î îI› ªñ£N Íôñ£è àƒèÀ‚° èŸÁˆî¼A«ø¡.
‰  ñŸøõ˜èOì‹ ÝƒAôˆF™ «ðê£ñ«ô«ò, ï‹ñ£™ ݃Aô‹
«ðê‚èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷ º®»ñ£?
™ 臮Šð£è º®»‹. Þ¶ âŠð® â¡Á MKõ£è 𣘊«ð£‹. cƒèœ èì‰î ÝÁ
ñ£îƒèœ ⡪ù¡ù îI› õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ «ðCm˜è«÷£ Ü™ô¶ «ò£Cˆb˜è«÷£
ܬõè¬÷ å¼ î£O™ â¿î¾‹. °¬ø‰î¶ 1000 îI› õ£‚Aòƒèœ â¿î «õ‡´‹.
Hø°, cƒèœ â¿Fò îI› õ£‚AòƒèÀ‚° ݃Aô õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹è¬÷ (݃Aô
õ£‚Aòƒèœ Ü™ô) ªîK‰¶ ªè£‡ì£™ cƒèœ êó÷ñ£è ݃AôˆF™ «ðê
Ýó‹Hˆ¶M´i˜èœ.
™ ݃Aô õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹èœî£¡ àƒè¬÷ ݃AôˆF™ «ðê ɇ´Aø¶.
31
v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚Lv èŸø½‚è£ù
â¡.â™.ݘ.C-J¡ MFº¬øèœ

NLRC Rules for Spoken English


Learning

32
NLRC Rule - 1

îIN™ àœ÷ 輈¬î ݃AôˆF™


õ£‚Aòñ£è ܬñ‚è õ£‚Aò
ܬñŠ¹ º¬ø¬ò (Sentence
Pattern Method) ðò¡ð´ˆî
«õ‡´‹.

33
Thank You

66