NLRC

Spoken English Training
Slides
By

Dr. K. S. Jayakumar
Founder & Chairman,
NLRC Spoken English.

Assistant Professor & Head
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Saveetha School of Engineering,
Saveetha University, Chennai-602105

Head Office:

1

4-81/60, Selliamman Nagar,
Nagar, M. Perumapalayam(PO)
Perumapalayam(PO)
Salem(DT),
Salem(DT), Tamil Nadu,
Nadu, India – 636111.
Mob: +91 9894854413, Email: nlrcspokenenglish@gmail.com
Web: www.nlrc.in

NLRC Spoken English
(For Graduates, Professionals and All)

Head Office: 4-81/60, Selliamman Nagar, M. Perumapalayam (PO), Salem – 636111, Tamil Nadu, India.
H/P: 9894854413, Phone: 0427-2912095, E-mail: nlrcspokenenglish@gmail.com, Web: www.nlrc.in

Please Visit Our Website
For
NLRC Spoken English

www.nlrc.in
NLRC Spoken English is in

Chennai Now!!!

Cognitive Spoken English

2

Founder & Chairman of NLRC Spoken English
Dr. K. S. Jayakumar, B.E, M.Tech, M.S, PhD.
™ B.E – Mechanical Engineering, Angala Amman Engineering

College, Trichy, 1993 - 1997.
™ M.Tech – Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

(IIT-Delhi), 1998 - 2000
™ M.S – Industrial Engineering, Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA)

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA, NUS –
Singapore), 2000 - 2001
™ PhD – Artificial Intelligence, Nanyang Technological University,

3

Singapore, 2002 – 2007.

What is NLRC?
‰ NLRC is Natural Language Research

Center.
™

ªñ£Nèœ Ýó£ŒC G¬ôò‹

‰ Company Logo

ñóƒèœ õ÷¼õ¶ «ð£™ î¡Q„¬êò£è
õ÷˜.
ñóƒèœ õ÷˜‰¶ ܬùõ¼‚°‹ ðò¡
ÜOŠð¶ «ð£™, cƒèÀ‹ ñŸøõ˜èÀ‚°
ðòÂœ÷î£è Þ¼ƒèœ.

4

²ŸÁÅö¬ô ñ£²ðì£ñ™ ð£¶è£Šð£è
¬õˆF¼ƒèœ.

Mission Statement

NLRC Strives to Make Everyone to be a
Great Communicator

5

Vision Statement

NLRC Strives to Create Future Leaders

6

Test for Identifying Your Fluency

àƒèO¡ «ð²‹ ݃AôˆF¡ ¹ô¬ñ¬ò è‡ìP»‹ «ê£î¬ù

‰ ñ£íõ˜ å¼õ˜ Þ¼‚Aø£˜. ÜõK¡ ªñ£N îI› â¡Á ¬õˆ¶‚

ªè£œ«õ£‹.
‰  ÜõKì‹ îIN™ Þ¼‚°‹ 10 ð‚è è¬î¬ò ªè£´ˆ¶ "Þ‰î

è¬î¬ò 𮈶 M†´ Þ¬î âù‚° ªê£™½ƒèœ" â¡Á ÃÁA«ø¡.
‰  Þ¬î ªê£¡ù¾ì¡, ܉î ñ£íõ˜ è¬î¬ò ð®Šð£˜. è¬î¬ò

¹K‰¶‚ ªè£‡ìŠ Hø°, 10 ð‚è è¬î¬ò ° Ü™ô¶ 䉶 GIìˆF™
â¡Qì‹ ªê£™L º®Šð£˜.
‰ ñ£íõ˜ è¬î¬ò â¡Qì‹ ªê£™½‹ «ð£¶ Üõ˜ I辋 Þò™ð£è
7

«ð²õ£˜. «ñ½‹, Üõ˜ â‹ ðî†ìŠðì£ñ™ «ð²õ£˜.

Test for Identifying Your Fluency

àƒèO¡ «ð²‹ ݃AôˆF¡ ¹ô¬ñ¬ò è‡ìP»‹ «ê£î¬ù

‰  Ü«î ñ£íõKì‹ 10 ð‚è ݃Aô è¬î¬ò ªè£´ˆ¶

"Þ‰î è¬î¬ò 𮈶 M†´ Þ¬î âù‚° ݃AôˆF™
ªê£™½ƒèœ" â¡Á ÃÁA«ø¡.
‰ Üõ˜

è¬î¬ò 𮈶 ï¡ø£è ¹K‰¶‚ ªè£œAø£˜ â¡Á
¬õˆ¶‚ ªè£œ«õ£‹. Üõ˜ ¹K‰¶‚ ªè£‡ì è¬î¬ò â¡Qì‹
ªê£™½‹ «ð£¶ W›è‡ì Þ¡ù™èÀ‚° à†ð´Aø£˜.
™ Üõ˜

݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹ «ð£¶, è¬îJ™
õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ÜŠð®«ò ðò¡ð´ˆF «ð²õ£˜.

Þ¼‚°‹

݃Aô

™ Üõ˜ ¹K‰¶‚ ªè£‡ì è¬î¬ò ºîL™ îIN™ ªñ£N ªðò˜Šð£˜.
8

Hø°, îI› õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ݃AôˆF™ ªñ£N ªðò˜Šð£˜.

Test for Identifying Your Fluency

àƒèO¡ «ð²‹ ݃AôˆF¡ ¹ô¬ñ¬ò è‡ìP»‹ «ê£î¬ù

™ Üõ˜ îI› õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ݃AôˆF™ ªñ£N ªðò˜‚°‹ «ð£¶, îI›

õ£‚AòˆF™ Þ¼‚°‹ 嚪õ£¼ õ£˜ˆ¬î‚°‹ Ü‡ì£ù ݃Aô
õ£˜ˆ¬î¬ò ðò¡ð´ˆF ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñŠð£˜. Üõ˜ ñùF™
îI› õ£˜ˆ¬î‚° î°‰î ݃Aô õ£˜ˆ¬î àF‚èM™¬ô â¡ø£™,
Üõ˜ ñùF™ ðìð승 ãŸð´‹; ÜõK¡ ° Hó½‹; ðòˆF™ Üõ¼‚°
Mò˜‚°‹.
™ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹ «ð£¶ (Üî£õ¶ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñ‚°‹

«ð£¶), â‰î conjunction-¬ò ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õ¶; â‰î tense-¬ò
ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õ¶; â‰î preposition-¬ò ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õ¶ â¡Á «ò£CŠð£˜.
Üõ˜, ÜFè «ïó‹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î Þô‚èí H¬öJ¡P
ܬñŠðF™ ªêôM´õ£˜.
Üõ˜ îIN™ «ð²‹ «ð£¶ «ñŸªê£¡ù Þ¡ù™èÀ‚° Ý÷£õF™¬ô.
9 Ýù£™, ݃Aô‹ «ð²‹ «ð£¶ ñ†´‹ ã¡ Þ‰îŠ Hó„ê¬ùèœ?

Test for Identifying Your Fluency

àƒèO¡ «ð²‹ ݃AôˆF¡ ¹ô¬ñ¬ò è‡ìP»‹ «ê£î¬ù

‰ ÞŠ«ð£¶,  àƒèOì‹ «è†°‹ ºî™ «èœM:
™ cƒèœ îI¬ö 𮂰‹«ð£¶ àƒèÀ‚° 100% ¹KAø¶. Ü«î ñ£FK,
݃Aô‹ 𮂰‹«ð£¶ àƒèÀ‚° âˆî¬ù êîMAî‹ (%) ¹KAø¶?
™ àƒèœ ðF™?
™ ºî™ Gð‰î¬ù: cƒèœ îI¬ö âŠð® 100% ¹K‰¶‚ªè£œAl˜è«÷£,
Ü«îñ£FK cƒèœ ݃Aôˆ¬î»‹ 100% ¹K‰¶‚ªè£œ÷ «õ‡´‹.
‰  àƒèOì‹ «è†°‹ Ü´ˆî «èœM:
™ cƒèœ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹«ð£¶ «ñŸªê£¡ù Þ¡ù™èÀ‚° Ý÷£è£ñ™,
îI¬ö «ð£™ Þò™ð£è «ð²Al˜è÷£?
™ Þó‡ì£õ¶ Gð‰î¬ù: cƒèœ G¬ùˆî 輈¶è¬÷ âŠð® îIN™
Þò™ð£è «ð²Al˜è«÷£, Ü«î«ð£™ ݃AôˆF½‹ «ðê «õ‡´‹.
âƒèœ NLRC Spoken English-¡ º‚Aò «ï£‚è‹
10

â¡ùªõ¡ø£™ «ñŸªê£¡ù Þó‡´ Gð‰î¬ùè¬÷»‹ ̘ˆF
ªêŒõ‹.

Reason for Developing Cognitive Spoken English
¹ô¡ ꣘‰î «ð²‹ ݃Aô‹ à¼õ£‚èŠð†ìîŸè£ù è£óí‹
‰  îIN™ êó÷ñ£è à¬óò£´A«ø£‹. ãªù¡ø£™ ñ ²ŸP

àœ÷õ˜èœ ܬùõ¼‹ îIN™ à¬óò£´õ.
‰ 𣶠àƒèÀ‚° U‰F ªîKòM™¬ô â¡Á
¬õˆ¶‚ªè£œ«õ£‹. cƒèœ º‹¬ð ªê™Al˜èœ. ܃° å¼
ÝÁ ñ£îƒèœ cƒèœ õC‚Al˜èœ. ܉î êñòˆF™ cƒèœ
U‰F¬ò êó÷ñ£è «ð²i˜èœ.
‰ Þ¶ âŠð® àƒèÀ‚° ꣈Fòñ£Aø¶? ãªù¡ø£™ àƒè¬÷
²ŸP»œ÷õ˜èœ ܬùõ¼‹ U‰FJ™ à¬óò£´õ.
‰ Ü«î«ð£™, àƒè¬÷ ²ŸP Þ¼Šðõ˜èœ ݃AôˆF™
à¬óò£®ù£™, cƒèÀ‹ ݃Aô‹ êó÷ñ£è «ðêô£‹. Ýù£™
ñ ²ŸP»œ÷õ˜èœ ªð¼‹ð£½‹ ݃Aô‹ ªîK‰F¼‰î£™
11Ãì îIN™î£¡ à¬óò£´Aø£˜èœ. Þîù£™î£¡,
ï‹ñ£™ ݃Aô‹ êó÷ñ£è «ð꺮òM™¬ô.

Reason for Developing Cognitive Spoken English
¹ô¡ ꣘‰î «ð²‹ ݃Aô‹ à¼õ£‚èŠð†ìîŸè£ù è£óí‹
‰ ÞŠ«ð£¶  àƒèOì‹ «è†°‹ Iè º‚Aòñ£ù «èœM

â¡ùªõ¡ø£™, cƒèœ ݃Aô‹ ªîK‰îõ˜èÀì¡ à¬óò£´õ¶ «ð£¡ø
Å›G¬ô¬ò ªêòŸ¬è º¬øJ™ Ü™ô¶ ªêòŸ¬èò£è à¼õ£‚è
º®»ñ£?
‰ Þî¡ M¬ì: 臮Šð£è º®»‹. ï£ƒèœ î¼‹ °PŠ«ð†¬ì cƒèœ

¹K‰¶‚ªè£‡ì£™, cƒèœ ݃Aô‹ ªîK‰îõ˜èOì‹ å¼ õ¼ìè£ô‹
à¬óò£®ò êññ£°‹.

Þ¶ âŠð® ꣈Fòñ£Aø¶?
12

Learning English language through Interaction (our
sensors) is called Cognitive Spoken English

Brain Memories

NLRC Spoken English
Training Creates this
Connection in your
Brain Memory

‰

The Strong linking (Connection) between Physical Memory and Semantic
Memory (Tamil) makes you speak Tamil Fluently.

‰

Similarly, The Strong linking (Connection) between Physical Memory and
Semantic Memory (English) makes you speak English Fluently.

13 Spoken English Training Creates the Strong Linking between Physical
NLRC
Memory and Semantic Memory (English)

Grammar Þ™ô£ñ™ ݃Aô‹ èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷

º®»ñ£?

‰ ï‹ îI› ªñ£N¬ò â´ˆ¶‚ªè£œ«õ£‹. å¼ °ö‰¬îò£ù¶ ºî™ õòF™

Ü¬î ²ŸP Þ¼‚°‹ ªð£¼œè¬÷ 𣘂Aø¶ ñŸÁ‹ ܬõè¬÷ H®‚Aø¶.
‰ îù¶ Þó‡ì£õ¶ õòF™, C¡ù C¡ù õ£˜ˆ¬îè¬÷ «ð²Aø¶. Í¡ø£õ¶

õòF™ C¡ù C¡ù õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ «ð²Aø¶. è£õ¶ õòF™ ï™ô£
êó÷ñ£è îI¬ö «ð²Aø¶.
‰ ä‰î£õ¶ õòF™ îI¬ö â¿î ñŸÁ‹ ð®‚è èŸÁ‚ªè£œAø¶.
‰ ÞFL¼‰¶ â¡ù ªîKAø¶? ºîL™  «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ìŠHø°î£¡

â¿î ñŸÁ‹ ð®‚è èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹.
‰ Ýù£™, ݃AôˆF™ ñ†´‹ 㡠 â¿î ñŸÁ‹ ð®‚è èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ì

Hø° «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹?

 ªêŒ»‹ Þ‰î îõŸ¬ø ï¡ø£è «ò£Cˆ¶Šð£¼ƒèœ.
14
We
Train You Spoken English Without Grammar

Grammar Þ™ô£ñ™ ݃Aô‹ èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷

º®»ñ£? - º®»‹

‰ å«ó å¼ C¡ù MCò‹ ï‹IìI¼‰¶ ñ¬ø‚èŠð†ìî¡

M¬÷¾î£¡,  ݃Aô‹ «ð²õ î¬ìò£è Þ¼‚Aø¶.
‰ ܶ  õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹ º¬ø ( Sentence Pattern )
‰ ꘂè¬ó ãî£õ¶ eF Þ¼‚Aøî£? â¡ø õ£‚Aòˆ¬î âŠð®

݃AôˆF™ ªê£™õ¶.
‰ ªð¼‹ð£½‹ ðô˜ H¡ðŸøîò º¬ø: ªñ£N ªðò˜ˆî™
‰ Þ‰î ªñ£Nªðò˜ˆî™ cƒèœ ݃Aô‹ êó÷ñ£è «ð²õ

î¬ìò£è Þ¼‚Aø¶.
‰ Ü´ˆ¶, ªñ£Nªðò˜‚è£ñ™ âŠð® ݃AôˆF™ õ£‚Aòˆ¬î
15

ܬñŠð¶ â¡Á 𣘊«ð£‹.

îINL¼‰¶ ªñ£Nªðò˜‚è£ñ™ ݃AôˆF™
âŠð® õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ܬñŠð¶?

輈¶ Ü™ô¶ Å›G¬ô: ꘂè¬ó ãî£õ¶
eF Þ¼‚Aøî£?
Sentence Pattern: Is there any sth left?

Final Sentence: Is there any sugar left?
16

Þƒ° õ£‚Aò ܬñŠH™ sth=sugar â¡Á
̘ˆF ªêŒòŠð†´œ÷¶.

îINL¼‰¶ ªñ£Nªðò˜‚è£ñ™ ݃AôˆF™
âŠð® õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ܬñŠð¶?

輈¶ Ü™ô¶ Å›G¬ô: cƒèœ è£H °®‚è
M¼‹¹Al˜è÷£?
Sentence Pattern: Would you like to do sth?

Final Sentence: Would you like to drink coffee?
Þƒ° õ£‚Aò ܬñŠH™ do= drink ñŸÁ‹ sth=coffee â¡Á
17
̘ˆF ªêŒòŠð†´œ÷¶.

îINL¼‰¶ ªñ£Nªðò˜‚è£ñ™ ݃AôˆF™
âŠð® õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ܬñŠð¶?
‰ ñŸø õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹èœ:
™ Is there any sth left? - sth

â¡ø ªð£¼œ ãî£õ¶ eî‹

Þ¼‚Aøî£?
™ Is there any milk left?

- 𣙠ãî£õ¶ eî‹ Þ¼‚Aøî£?

™ I am ready to do sth / I am about to do sth

-  do

â¡ø ªêò¬ô ªêŒò îò£ó£è Þ¼‚A«ø¡.
™ I am ready to eat the food / I am about to eat the

food -  àí¬õ ꣊Hì îò£ó£è Þ¼‚A«ø¡.
18

(Sentence Patterns are available in
www.ldoceonline.com)

Patterns are Available in Longman Dictionary of
Contemporary English (www.ldoceonline.com)

19

What is Communication Skill?
‰ Communication Skill Consists of Two Parts:
™ Concept Understanding and Generation (輈¬î

¹K‰¶‚ªè£œÀî™ ñŸÁ‹ 輈¬î à¼õ£‚°î™)
™ Concept Description (à¼õ£‚Aò 輈¬î ñŸøõ˜èÀ‚°

¹K»‹ð® ªê£™½î™)

‰ cƒèœ ªê£™½‹ å¼ è¼ˆ¶ ⊫𣶠ñŸøõ¼‚° ¹K»‹?

cƒèœ ñŸøõ¼‚° å¼ ¹¶ 輈¬î ªê£™½‹«ð£¶, Ü‰î ¹¶
輈¬î Üõ¼‚° ãŸèù«õ ªîK‰î å¼ è¼ˆ¶ Íô‹
ªê£™½‹«ð£¶ Üõ¼‚° ï¡ø£è ¹K»‹.
20

݃AôˆF™ «ð²ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô ñŸÁ‹
«è†ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô âŠð® Þ¼‚°‹?
‰ «ð²ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô:
™ ¹ˆîèˆF™ Þ¼‚°‹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ÜŠð®«ò «ðê «õ‡´‹.
™ Þô‚èíŠ H¬öJ¡P «ðê «õ‡´‹.
™ «õèñ£è «ðê «õ‡´‹.
™ ݃AôˆF™

«ð²ðõ˜ «ð²‹«ð£¶ õ£˜ˆ¬îèÀ‚° Þ¬ìJ™ å¼ Mù£®
è£ôÜ÷¾ ªè£´ˆî£™ Ãì Üõ¼‚° å¼ GIì‹ Ü™ô¶ ÜFè «ïó‹ è£ôÜ÷¾
ªè£´Šð¶ «ð£™ «î£¡Á‹.

™ Cô˜ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹ «ð£¶, Üî¡ õ£‚Aòˆ¬î º®ŠðF™ ñ†´‹ °Pò£è

Þ¼Šð£˜èœ. Ýù£™ Þõ˜ «ð²õ¬î «è†°‹ ï𼂰 ¹K‰îî£ Þ™¬ôò£ â¡Á‚
致‚ªè£œ÷ ñ£†ì£˜.
™ Cô˜ ݃AôˆF™ ãî£õ¶ «ðê«õ‡´ªñQ™, Üõ˜èœ «ð²õ¬î «ðŠðK™ â¿F

ñùŠð£ì‹ ªêŒ¶ªè£‡´ «ð²õ£˜èœ. Üõ˜è¬÷ °P‚A†´ Þ¬ìJ™ ãî£õ¶
21 «èœM «è†ì£™ I辋 ðî†ìŠð´õ£˜èœ.

݃AôˆF™ «ð²ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô ñŸÁ‹
«è†ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô âŠð® Þ¼‚°‹?
‰ «è†ðõK¡ ñùG¬ô:
™ «è†ðõ˜ ݃Aô õ£‚AòˆF¡ ªð£¼¬÷ ñ†´‹î£¡ èõQŠð£˜.

cƒèœ Þô‚èí
èõQ‚èñ£†ì£˜.

H¬ö«ò£´

«ð²Al˜è÷£

Þ™¬ôò£

â¡Á

™ «ð²ðõ˜

M†´ M†´ ªñ¶õ£è «ðCù£™ Ãì, «è†ðõ˜
ªð£Á¬ñ»ì¡ Þ¼Šð£˜. «ð²ðõK¡ 輈¬î‚ «è†ðF™ ñ†´‹î£¡
°Pò£è Þ¼Šð£˜.

™ «ð²ðõ˜ Þ‰î ñ£FK «ðCù£™ Ãì «èìðõ˜ ï¡ø£è ¹K‰¶‚

ªè£œõ£˜. "I walk road thief hit I fell", Þ‰î ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î
♫ô£¼‹ ¹K‰¶‚ ªè£œõ£˜èœ. ÞFL¼‰¶  â¡ù ¹K‰¶
22 ªè£‡«ì£‹ â¡ø£™, «ð²‹ «ð£¶ Þô‚èíŠ H¬ö«ò£´
Ãì «ðêô£‹.

v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚L¬ú ðŸPò
å¼ è‡«í£†ì‹
Spoken English – A Glance

23

Spoken English – A Glance
‰ Spoken English

â¡ø£™ â¡ù?

Spoken English â¡ð¶ âO¬ñò£ù ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷
(Simple Sentences) ªè£‡ì‹. ݃A«ôò˜èœ ݃AôˆF™

«ð²‹«ð£¶ ªð¼‹ð£½‹ âO¬ñò£ù ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷
ðò¡ð´ˆ¶Aø£˜èœ.
‰ Written English
™ Written English

â¡ø£™ â¡ù?

â¡ð¶ èôŠ¹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷
(Complex Sentences) ªè£‡ì‹. å¼ èôŠ¹
õ£‚Aòñ£ù¶ ÜFè Þô‚èí MFè¬÷ àœ÷ì‚A â¿îŠð†®¼‚°‹.
™ ݃Aô Þô‚è투î ï¡° ªîK‰¶ ªè£‡ì£™  èôŠ¹
õ£‚AòˆF™ Þ¼‚°‹ 輈¶è¬÷ å¼õ˜
ªîOõ£è
¹K‰¶‚ªè£œ÷ º®»‹.Þ‰î èôŠ¹ õ£‚Aòñ£ù¶ ¹ˆîèƒèœ,
24
ªêŒFî£œèœ «ð£¡øõŸP™ ÜFèñ£è ðò¡ð´ˆîŠð´Aø¶.

Spoken English – A Glance
‰ Spoken English-‹ Written English-‹

å¡ø£?

Spoken English-‹ Written English-‹
Spoken English

å¡ø™ô. Þ¬õèœ Þó‡´‹ ªõš«õø£ù¬õ.
«ð²õ‹, Written English ⿶õ‹ ðò¡ð´ˆîŠð´Aø¶.

‰ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ ã¡ âO¬ñò£ù ݃Aô

õ£‚Aòƒèœ (Simple Sentences) ðò¡ð´ˆîŠð´Aø¶?
™  «ð²‹«ð£¶ «ò£Cˆî™, õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñˆî™, õ£‚Aòˆ¬î à„êKˆî™ «ð£¡ø

ªêò™è¬÷ Iè °ÁAò è£ôˆF™ Ü™ô¶ «ïóˆF™ ªêŒA«ø£‹.
™ å¼õ˜ êó÷ñ£è ݃AôˆF™ «ðê «õ‡´ñ£ù£™, Üõ˜ 臮Šð£è âO¬ñò£ù ݃Aô

õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ (Simple Sentences) ðò¡ð´ˆî «õ‡´‹. ÜŠªð£¿¶î£¡ Üõ˜
«ò£Cˆî™, õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñˆî™, õ£‚Aòˆ¬î à„êKˆî™ «ð£¡ø ªêò™è¬÷ Iè °ÁAò
è£ôˆF™ Ü™ô¶ «ïóˆF™ ªêŒòº®»‹.
™ Ýù£™ å¼õ˜ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ èôŠ¹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ (Complex

25

ðò¡ð´ˆFù£™ õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñŠðF½‹ ñŸÁ‹ ܬî à„êKŠðF½‹ è£ô
î£ñî‹ ãŸð´‹. Þ‰î è£ô î£ñîˆFù£™î£¡ å¼õ˜ ݃AôˆF™ êó÷ñ£è «ð꺮õF™¬ô
Sentences)

Spoken English – A Glance
‰ èì‰î 50 õ¼ì è£ôñ£è îI›ï£†®™ ݃Aô‹ èŸÁˆîóŠð´Aø¶.

Ýù£™ ޡ‹ ïñ‚° ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ è®ùñ£è Þ¼Šð¶
ã¡?
 å¼ ªñ£N¬ò «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ì Hø°î£¡ Ü‰î ªñ£N¬ò ð®‚è ñŸÁ‹ â¿î
èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹.  îI› ªñ£NJ™ Þ‰î ñ£FK ªêŒA«ø£‹.Ýù£™ ݃AôˆF™ â¡ù
ïì‚Aø¶? ݃Aô ªñ£N¬ò â¿î ñŸÁ‹ ð®‚è èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ì Hø°î£¡ «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹.
 ªêŒ»‹ Þ‰î îõ¬ø êŸÁ C‰F»ƒèœ.
‰ v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚LR™ ªð¼‹ð£¡¬ñ«ò£˜ ªêŒ»‹ îõÁ â¡ù?
݃AôˆF™ «ð²‹«ð£¶ ¹ˆîèˆF™ Þ¼‚°‹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ÜŠð®«ò«ðê«õ‡´‹ â¡Á
ªð¼‹ð£¡¬ñ«ò£˜ G¬ù‚Aø£˜èœ. Þ‰î CPò îõÁ Üõ˜èœ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ¬î
è®ùñ£è Ý‚°Aø¶.
ãŸèù«õ °PŠH†ì ñ£FK, cƒèœ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ âO¬ñò£ù õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ (Simple
Sentences) ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õF™¬ô. Ü ñ£ø£è, ðô˜ «ð²õ èôŠ¹ õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ Üî£õ¶
¹ˆîè‹ ñŸÁ‹ ªêŒFî£O™ Þ¼‚°‹ õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ðò¡ð´ˆ¶õ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ
26è®ùñ£è Þ¼‚Aø¶.

Spoken English – A Glance
‰ v«ð£‚è¡

Þƒ‚Lv
Þô‚èí‹ «î¬õò£?

èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷

݃Aô

™ v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚Lv èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷, Üî£õ¶ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ

݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ «î¬õJ™¬ô.  ¬ìò Í¡ø£õ¶
õòFL¼‰«î îI¬ö êó÷ñ£è «ð²A«ø£‹. ⡬ø‚è£õ¶ îI›
Þô‚è투î ðŸP «ò£Cˆî¶ à‡ì£? 臮Šð£è A¬ìò£¶.
™ Ýù£™ ݃AôˆF™ «ð²õ ñ†´‹ 㡠 ݃Aô
Þô‚è투î I辋 A«ø£‹?
™ ãŸèù«õ ªê£¡ùñ£FK, Written English-™ Þ¼‚°‹ èôŠ¹
õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ¹K‰¶‚ªè£œõ ݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ è‡®Šð£è
«î¬õ. Ýù£™ Spoken English-™ Þ¼‚°‹ âO¬ñò£ù
õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ ¹K‰¶ªè£œ÷ ñŸÁ‹ «ðê ݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ «î¬õ
27
Þ™¬ô.

Spoken English – A Glance
‰  îI¬ö êó÷ñ£è «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£œÀ‹«ð£¶

îI› Þô‚è투î èŸøF™¬ô. Ü«î«ð£™
݃Aô Þô‚è투î èŸè£ñ™ ݃AôˆF™
âŠð® êó÷ñ£è «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£œõ¶?
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Method)

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ܬñŠ¹

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(Sentence

Pattern

â¡Á ªðò˜.

™ Þ‰î àôèˆF«ô«ò ºî¡ º¬øò£è õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹ º¬ø¬ò

ðò¡ð´ˆF ݃AôˆF™ «ðê èŸÁ‚ªè£´‚°‹ å«ó GÁõù‹ NLRC
28

Spoken English

Ý°‹.

Spoken English – A Glance
‰ Þ‰î ¹ˆîèˆF™ ݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ Þ™ô£ñ™ v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚Lv

â¡Á
â¿îŠð†®¼‚Aø¶.
ÞŠ¹ˆîè‹
Íô‹
݃Aô‹
èŸÁ‚ªè£‡ì£™ âù‚° Written English õó£¶ â¡Á ðô˜
G¬ù‚Aø£˜èœ. Þ‰î ßÁ êKò£?
™ cƒèœ

Þšõ£Á G¬ùŠð¶ îõÁ. Tense ñŸÁ‹ Conjunction-è¬÷
ªîK‰¶‚ªè£œõ¶, õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ H¬öJ™ô£ñ™ ⿶‹ ðJŸC «ð£¡ø¬õèœî£¡
Written English â¡Á ðô˜ G¬ù‚Aø£˜èœ. Þ¶ îõø£ù ßÁ Ý°‹.
Þ¬õèœ à‡¬ñJ™ Written English‚°‡ì£ù 輈¶è«÷ A¬ìò£¶.
Þ¬îMì ޡ‹ 99 êîMî ¹¶¬ñò£ù 輈¶èœ Written English-™
Þ¼‚Aø¶.

™ õ£‚Aò

ܬñŠ¹èœ Íô‹ ݃Aô õ£‚Aòˆ¬î ܬñ‚°‹ º¬ø¬ò
ªîK‰¶‚ªè£‡ì£™î£¡ cƒèœ Written English-™ ¹ô¬ñ ªðøº®»‹. õ£‚Aò
ܬñŠH™ ݃Aô Þô‚èí‹ ñ¬ø‰F¼‚Aø¶.

29

™ ݃Aô

Þô‚è투î ñ ÜPò£ñ«ô«ò  õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹ Íô‹
èŸÁ‚ªè£œA«ø£‹. ޶ à‡¬ñ.

Spoken English – A Glance
‰ ݃AôˆF™ êó÷ñ£è «ð²õ ªêŒF÷ ð®‚èô£ñ£?
™ ݃AôˆF™

êó÷ñ£è «ð²õ ªêŒF÷ ð®‚è Ã죶. ãªù¡ø£™
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™ cƒèœ ݃AôˆF™ êó÷ñ£è «ð²õ °ö‰¬îèœ ï®ˆî ݃Aô ý£L¾†
F¬óðìƒè¬÷ ݃Aô ꊬ솮½ì¡ 𣼃èœ. ãªù¡ø£™ ÞˆF¬óðìƒèO™
Þ¼‚°‹ õ£ƒAòƒèœ Iè âO¬ñò£è Þ¼‚°‹.
‰ ݃AôˆF™
êó÷ñ£è
«ðê
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⊫𣶋
݃AôˆF™î£¡ «ò£C‚è «õ‡´‹. îIN™ «ò£C‚è Ã죶 â¡Á
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ªêŒA«ø£‹.
™ Physical
Memory-Ýù¶
¬ìò 䋹ô¡èO¡ C‚ù™èOù£™
à¼õ£‚èŠð†®¼‚Aø¶. Physical Memory-J™ à¼õ£‚Aò 輈¬î 
îIN«ô£ Ü™ô¶ ݃AôˆF«ô£ õ£‚Aòñ£è ܬñˆ¶ «ð²A«ø£‹.
30

Spoken English – A Glance
‰ 㡠݃Aô ªñ£N îIN™ èŸÁˆîóŠð´Aø¶?
™ å¼ ¹¶‚輈¬î  ñŸøõ¼‚° ªê£™½‹«ð£¶ Ü‰î ¹¶‚輈¬î Üõ¼‚°

ªîK‰î å¼ è¼ˆ¶ Íôñ£è ªê£™½‹«ð£¶î£¡ Üõ˜ ï¡ø£è ¹K‰¶‚ªè£œõ£˜.
™ ï‹ â™«ô£¼‚°‹ îI› ï¡ø£è ªîK»‹. Ýîô£™ ïñ‚° ªîKò£î ݃Aôˆ¬î
 ïñ‚° ªîK‰î îI› ªñ£N Íôñ£è àƒèÀ‚° èŸÁˆî¼A«ø¡.
‰  ñŸøõ˜èOì‹ ÝƒAôˆF™ «ðê£ñ«ô«ò, ï‹ñ£™ ݃Aô‹
«ðê‚èŸÁ‚ªè£œ÷ º®»ñ£?
™ 臮Šð£è º®»‹. Þ¶ âŠð® â¡Á MKõ£è 𣘊«ð£‹. cƒèœ èì‰î ÝÁ

ñ£îƒèœ ⡪ù¡ù îI› õ£‚Aòƒè¬÷ «ðCm˜è«÷£ Ü™ô¶ «ò£Cˆb˜è«÷£
ܬõè¬÷ å¼ î£O™ â¿î¾‹. °¬ø‰î¶ 1000 îI› õ£‚Aòƒèœ â¿î «õ‡´‹.
Hø°, cƒèœ â¿Fò îI› õ£‚AòƒèÀ‚° ݃Aô õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹è¬÷ (݃Aô
õ£‚Aòƒèœ Ü™ô) ªîK‰¶ ªè£‡ì£™ cƒèœ êó÷ñ£è ݃AôˆF™ «ðê
Ýó‹Hˆ¶M´i˜èœ.

31

™ ݃Aô õ£‚Aò ܬñŠ¹èœî£¡ àƒè¬÷ ݃AôˆF™ «ðê ɇ´Aø¶.

v«ð£‚è¡ Þƒ‚Lv èŸø½‚è£ù
â¡.â™.ݘ.C-J¡ MFº¬øèœ
NLRC Rules for Spoken English
Learning
32

NLRC Rule - 1

îIN™ àœ÷ 輈¬î ݃AôˆF™
õ£‚Aòñ£è
ܬñ‚è
õ£‚Aò
(Sentence
ܬñŠ¹
º¬ø¬ò
Pattern
Method)
ðò¡ð´ˆî
«õ‡´‹.
33

Thank You

66