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Measure of Skewness

# Measure of Skewness

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07/06/2013

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# Measures of Skewness

Skewness –refers to the degree of symmetry or asymmetry of a distribution.

3 Types of Distribution

1.NORMAL DISTRIBUTION

- is a distribution with a bell-shaped appearance. In a normal distribution, the mean=median=mode

Example: Distribution of Correct answers of 19 Students who participated in a Math Contest .

No of Correct answer 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Frequency 1 2 4 5 4 2 1 N=19 .

of Correct Answers 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 .Frequency No.

0 mode:4.53 .0 median:4.0 standard deviation:1.The distribution has: mean:4.

Negatively Skewed .

.bulk of the distribution is on the right .skewed to the Left -the mean is less than its median .

Example: Distribution of Correct answers of 19 Students who participated in a Math Contest .

No of Correct answer 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Frequency 0 0 1 2 4 9 3 N=19 .

Frequency No. of Correct Answers 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 .

The distribution has: mean:5.0 standard deviation:1.07 .0 mode:6.58 median:6.

Positively Skewed .

.Skewed to the right -the mean is greater than its median -the bulk of the distribution is on the left .

Example: Distribution of Correct answers of 19 Students who participated in a Math Contest .

No of Correct answer 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Frequency 3 9 4 2 1 0 0 N=19 .

of Correct Answers 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 .Frequency No.

0 mode:2.4 median:2.0 standard deviation:1.07 .The distribution has: mean:2.

The extent of Skewness .

The extent of Skewness can be obtained by getting the coefficient of skewness with the formula: .

SK=3(mean-median) Standard Deviation Formula: *Where SK is the coefficient of skewness. .

Summary of the examples of the measurements from the three distribution. .

Mean Median Mode NORMAL Skewed to Skewed to the Left the Right 4.07 2.07 Standard 1.00 6.53 Deviation .00 1.00 2.58 2.00 5.00 4.00 6.40 4.00 1.

Using the formula to find the coefficient of skewness we have: .

1.53 =0 .0-4.0)/1.For Normal Distribution SK=3(4.

2.6-6.12 .07 =-1.For Skewed to the left SK=3(5.0)/1.

0)/1.12 .07 =1.4-2.3.For Skewed to the right SK=3(2.

SK>0.SK=0.Notice that if: 1.it is normal 2.SK<0.it is skewed to the left 3.it is skewed to the right .

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Measures of Kurtosis .

Kurtosis refers to the peakedness or flatness of a distribution .

Mesokurtic is a normal distribution. .

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.Leptokurtic is more peaked than the normal distribution.

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Platykurtic is flatter than the normal distribution. .

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Formulas: .

For ungrouped data: Ku  ( x  x)  Ns 4 4 .

For grouped data:  Ku  f ( X m  x) Ns 4 4 .

w h e r e: Ku  kurtosis X  rawdata X m  classmark X  mean s  squareofthe var iance 4 N  samplesize .

.A distribution is normal or mesokurtic if Ku=3. leptokurtic if Ku>3 and platykurtic if Ku<3.

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