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Gun Control Legislation

Gun Control Legislation

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Published by Isaac Matson
The Congressional Research Service examines gun control legislation in the United States, past, current and proposed and includes statistics on gun violence. This report was prepared for Congress November 14, 2012.
The Congressional Research Service examines gun control legislation in the United States, past, current and proposed and includes statistics on gun violence. This report was prepared for Congress November 14, 2012.

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Published by: Isaac Matson on Dec 18, 2012
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01/10/2014

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For FY2012, the Administration requested $1.147 billion for ATF.318

This amount would have
funded 5,147 FTE positions and 5,181 permanent positions. Although it would have provided a
$34.8 million increase (3.1%) over ATF’s enacted FY2011 appropriation, nearly all of this
increase would have been for increases to the agency’s base budget, including the annualized
$37.5 million Southwest border supplemental appropriation.319

Correspondingly, the

315

See 27 CFR §478.11 for the definition of “curios and relics,” which generally include firearms that are 50 years old,
of museum interest, or derive a substantial amount of their value from the fact that they are novel, rare, bizarre, or
because they are associated with some historical figure, period, or event. For a list of “curios and relics,” go to
http://www.atf.gov/publications/firearms/curios-relics/. Federally licensed firearms collectors are authorized to engage
in limited interstate transfers of “curios and relics,” whereas in nearly all cases an unlicensed person must engage the
services of a federally licensed gun dealer to facilitate interstate firearms transfers to another unlicensed person.

316

This provision was also originally part of the Tiahrt amendment.

317

During House floor consideration, however, Representative Colleen Hanabusa offered an amendment (H.Amdt.
1046) to reduce the ATF appropriation by $1.9 million and increase the NOAA appropriation (described above) by
$1.6 million. In addition, the House considered another amendment (H.Amdt. 1090) to reduce the ATF appropriation
by $18,000. The House approved both amendments by voice votes.

318

U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, Congressional Budget
Submission, Fiscal Year 2012
, February 2011, http://www.justice.gov/jmd/2012justification/pdf/fy12-atf-
justification.pdf.

319

Congress finalized ATF’s FY2011 appropriation in the Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing
Appropriations Act, 2011 (H.R. 1473; P.L. 112-10). Under this act, Congress provided $1.113 billion for ATF for
FY2011, or $8.2 million less than the previous year’s appropriation. It is significant to note that neither amount, the
$1.121 billion for FY2010 or the $1.113 billion for FY2011, reflect an FY2010/FY2011 Southwest border
supplemental of $37.5 million, which was provided at the end of FY2010. Because of the timing of the supplemental,
for accounting purposes it arguably could be added to either fiscal year. However, it was largely obligated in FY2011.
Added to that year’s appropriation, ATF’s FY2011 appropriation increases to about $1.150 billion. And, instead of an
$8.2 million reduction, ATF had an additional $29.3 million in budget authority for FY2011.

Gun Control Legislation

Congressional Research Service

75

Administration anticipated offsets and savings of $27.3 million, as well as a program increase of
$1.5 million as a budget enhancement for ATF to participate in a DOJ-wide initiative to increase
law enforcement electronic surveillance capabilities nationally. Reductions included $10.0
million in the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN), $4.0 million in reduced
training opportunities for state and local law enforcement, and $1.0 in the alcohol and tobacco
program. According to the ATF, the remaining $12.3 million in reductions would be sustained
through other administrative efficiencies and cost reductions. As noted above and described
below, Congress appropriated ATF $1.152 billion for FY2012.

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