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LAMPIRAN A

DATA PENGAMATAN
A.1 Data Alat Fluidized Bed Dryer
Diameter bawah

= 17 cm

Diameter atas

= 30 cm

Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer kosong

= 9,5 kg

A.2 Data Pengukuran Densitas Beras
Volume piknometer

= 25 ml

Berat piknometer kosong

= 33,1205 gr

Berat piknometer + air

= 58,4363 gr

Berat piknometer + air + beras

= 63,683 gr

Temperatur air

= 25,5 °C

A.2 Data Pengamatan Run 1
Berat beras

= 0,75 kg

Suhu unggun awal

= 26°C

Tinggi unggun awal

= 4 cm

Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras basah

= 10,42 kg

Waktu
(menit)

Udara Masuk

Tinggi
Unggun

Temperatur (°C)

Udara Keluar
Temperatur (°C)

Laju

Laju

(cm)

Basah

Kering

Inlet

(m/s)

Basah

Kering

Exhaust

(m/s)

0

3.5

3.5

24

30

30.2

1.6

28

39

32

10

6.8

6.8

23.5

29.5

45.5

3.2

26

40

34

20

7

7

23.5

29

58.5

3.6

26.5

45

36

30

7.15

7.15

24

29

60.6

3.9

28

49

43

40

7.2

7

23.5

29.5

63.8

4.2

29

51

46

50

76.9

7.2

23.5

29.5

67.1

4.6

29

54

48

60

6

5

25

31

68.9

4.9

28

50

51

14 kg Waktu (menit) Udara Masuk Tinggi Unggun Temperatur (°C) Udara Keluar Temperatur (°C) Laju Laju (cm) Basah Kering Inlet (m/s) Basah Kering Exhaust (m/s) 0 5.5 Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras kering = 10.4 25 28.5 1.5 25.3 Data Pengamatan Run 2 Berat beras = 0.3 26 33 40 1.5 23 27 45.2 1.9 30 8.5 .5 35 42 1.5 46.2 2.3 26 32 44 1.8 Waktu Volume Suhu Kondensat (menit) Kondensat (ml) (°C) 0 0 10 55 20 50 56.5 kg Suhu unggun awal = 26°C Tinggi unggun awal = 3.8 4.8 20 8.5 cm Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras basah = 10.7 50 8 24 27.5 28 51.7 3.5 34 42 1.1 26.6 27 34 42 1.6 10 6.7 23.Waktu Volume Suhu Kondensat (menit) Kondensat (ml) (°C) 0 0 10 55 20 50 30 50 40 60 50 45 60 30 56.20 kg Suhu unggun akhir = 48°C A.4 23 28 48.6 26.5 2.4 24 28 45.5 46.6 40 8.5 33 42 1.

96 kg Suhu unggun akhir = 48°C A.2 3.72 kg Suhu unggun akhir = 48°C .8 29 54 48 2 Waktu Volume Suhu Kondensat (menit) Kondensat (ml) (°C) 0 0 10 60 20 55 30 50 58.2 2.6 24 30 48.2 cm Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras basah = 9.9 3.82 kg Waktu (menit) Udara Masuk Tinggi Unggun Temperatur (°C) Udara Keluar Temperatur (°C) Laju Laju (cm) Basah Kering Inlet (m/s) Basah Kering Exhaust (m/s) 0 2.4 25 29 45.5 25 31 49.9 10 3.8 30 3.5 Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras kering = 9.4 30 52 44 1.30 50 40 60 50 45 Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras kering = 9.75 29 54 42 1.4 Data Pengamatan Run 3 Berat beras = 0.8 20 4 25 32 46.7 3.5 30 48 40 1.25 kg Suhu unggun awal = 32°C Tinggi unggun awal = 1.

4 72.2 1. H1 ρ udara y0 (kg (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m3) air/kg UK) 0 24 30 61.2 Perhitungan Densitas Beras ( ) ⁄ ⁄ B.0159 20 23.7 72.155 0. H2 3 (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m ) air/kg UK) 0 28 39 44.0159 50 23.5 29.3 Perhitungan Luas Area Fluidized Bed Dryer ( ) B.4 Perhitungan Run 1 B.5 29 63.5 29.2 1.117 0. Enthalpy (H).0159 60 25 31 62.4.1 Rumus yang Digunakan B.1 0.148 0.0181 20 26.5 61.0161 30 24 29 66.LAMPIRAN B PENGOLAHAN DATA B.1 76.2 1.118 0.1 70.5 61.2 1.5 29.0196 10 26 40 33.2 1.1 70.7 1.7 80.7 1.7 83.153 0.0176 ρ udara y (kg (menit) Waktu (menit) Udara Keluar T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.1 Perhitungan RH.6 1.3 1.0164 10 23.155 0.0168 40 23.2 1.5 45 24.7 70.5 61. Densitas (ρ) dan Berat Udara (y0) Waktu Udara Masuk T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.0189 .3 89.155 0.157 0.157 0.1 70.

76520 3.0235 B.50515 20 0.022687 3.4 2014.69020 B.47735 3900 3.2984 1600 3.9 88.6 104.6 1.069 0.17392 3.022687 4.6 89.05 0.022687 1.2833 4200 3.086 0. ΔP 0 0.30415 30 0.022687 4.0715 0.082 0.jam) 0 0.44 2131.16385 4900 3.068 0.59106 40 0.5968 3200 3.0198 40 29 51 20.4 94.7 1.6714 3600 3.62325 50 0.32257 40 0.3579 4600 3. Q U Log U (menit) (m ) v (m/s) (liter/s) (kg.41979 3.072 0.00113 0 1027.07 0.20412 10 0.1 89.4 94.078 0.30 28 49 21.41979 3.00162 -0.95451 3.4.035 0.66276 60 0.4. dan Energi Dalam (U) Waktu Tinggi Volume Porositas. Perbedaan Log ΔP (menit) Unggun.60495 2.00079 0.00159 -0.32862 60 0.30415 50 0.3 503.07 0.6 36. Perbedaan Tekanan (ΔP).022687 3.6 1.022687 3.70209 10 0.00159 -0.00163 -0.43 2101.27897 20 0.4 2014.36 1900.7 1.2 95.0187 50 29 54 16.01189 Waktu Luas Permukaan 2 3 Laju Alir.3 Kurva Antara Log U dan Log ΔP .9 111.2 72.6 81.55630 30 0.67706 3.00154 -0. Debit.0191 60 28 50 19. L (m) (m ) Ɛ Tekanan.2 Perhitungan Porositas (Ɛ).022687 4.

91117 30 29 5.734 2429.5 4.50 log U 3.196 15256.06 -3.0189 0.23569 m1 (kg/ m2 (kg/ m3 (kg/ menit) menit) menit) Hg Hf Hfg Q1 (kJ/kg) 0.17790 0.0544 2554.02294 3.644 2430.0235 0.0559 2555.70 3.816 15255.0176 3.4.35581 0.0198 0.50 log ΔP 3.00 0.00 1.50 1.26147 0.65023 2102.50 2.10 3.00559 3.27 129.06 -3.544 2432.0483 2554.74 121.0187 0.0371 2417.04616 0.196 15256.0164 1.66983 0.91 2287.4.0161 2.01168 3.88829 4955.30 3.04616 0.96416 0.06 -3.16780 B.26965 0.0159 3.50 0.00933 3.53284 60 31 6.74 121.0507 2554.53929 201.64 123.00 3.00800 3.90028 0.00 2.0181 0.85670 575.80 B.20 3.0507 2553.40 3.0520 2553.5 5.644 2430.04616 0.06 -3.996 15256.00 3.00000 10 29.4 Perhitungan Penyerapan Panas Waktu T Kering Debit.96416 0.5 6.64 123.996 15256.55 125.06 -3.996 15256.09476 1002.644 2430.0159 2.64 123.0168 3.11184 20 29 4.70248 40 29.4.36 14396.60 3.71700 0.00406 3.79273 50 29.33282 1343.5 Perhitungan Efisiensi Steam (kg/menit) F (kg) (menit) .06 -3.544 2432.0191 0.21996 0.00928 3.0196 0.30864 0.0159 3. Q 3 y (kg y0 (kg air/kg air/kg UK) UK) Gu (°C) (m /menit) 0 30 2.06 -3.

6 2602.94222 1.88893 60 6.12549 1.26147 1.92015 6. ρ v (kg/jam) (kg/ m3) 0 2.17790 1.7 2602.7 2602.70661 70. η (%) 0 15255.96416 951632.1 Perhitungan RH.7 2602.30864 1.1 377.04616 1122744.2 83.65551 60 459. Enthalpy (H).71712 1.41796 6.78852 98. Enthalpy. Densitas (ρ) dan Berat Udara (y0) Udara Masuk Waktu (menit) T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.16673 98.16673 40 396.2 94.65551 98.3 89.5.02844 20 15256. ρ (kg/ m3) Udara Keluar Laju Alir.52586 5.33018 70.16000 72.155 396.81538 10 15256.90028 1.39751 72.Udara Masuk Waktu Q (menit) (m3/mnt) Densitas.2 94.39773 1.88893 70.12549 1.51431 98.9 1021569.04616 1021569.79069 B.19669 70.19669 50 6.078 396.117 410.85749 6.7 2602.155 301.16780 1190445.086 381.71700 1.66740 6.26180 30 15256.68905 Waktu U1 U2 (menit) (kg/jam) (kg/jam) 0 150.9 951632.39751 40 5.9 364554.50661 50 15256.39676 40 15256.53034 20 4.68905 76.082 450.52289 98.153 150.8575 410. H1 ρ udara y0 (kg .188 396.157 340.12549 1.118 429.157 368.2 80. Q v (kg/jam) (m3/mnt) Densitas. Laju Alir.70661 95.2 301.18796 6.35581 1.04616 773806.21996 364554.9 773806.9201 392.83244 98.1777 30 k1 Q2 (kJ/kg) 89.85325 1.52289 377.9 877746.9 1190445.6 2602.83244 50 433.53034 20 340.78852 Waktu (menit) Q1 (kJ/kg) Q2 (kJ/kg) Efisiensi.16000 10 4.6 2602.66983 1.96416 877746.148 459.51431 368.17772 5.9 1122744. H1 H2 (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) 429.5 Perhitungan Run 2 B.33018 30 5.2 89.64118 60 14396.069 392.5259 381.6674 10 Enthalpy.418 450.155 433.

48023 1.022687 3.1 70.0207 20 26 32 100 80.25839 30 0.32815 3100 3.5.6 36.2984 1600 3.44243 2.05 181.20412 20 0.0189 40 25 28. dan Energi Dalam (U) Waktu Tinggi Volume Porositas.6 1.17 0.0057 0.5 100 72.0084 0.179 0.2 1. Perbedaan (menit) Unggun.163 0. ΔP 0 0.022687 1.3 52.00013 0.16 0.55770 2.29778 2.3 1.5 34 100 82.022 50 27 34 100 85 1.25839 50 0.0065 0.165 0.5222 2800 3.21601 Waktu Luas Permukaan 2 Laju Alir.0214 30 26.0084 0.5 35 100 82. Q U Log ΔP Log U (menit) (m ) v (m/s) (liter/s) (kg.175 0.3 1.022687 2.0183 10 23 27 100 68.8 1.4 1.3 29.022687 2. Perbedaan Tekanan (ΔP).92158 10 0.165 0.00019 -0.0177 30 24 28 100 72.44716 40 0.179 0.05 181.2875 83.05 181.49136 . Debit.5 33 100 78.5 100 76.49245 1300 3.00018 0 164.25839 40 0.29778 2.29778 2.022 40 26.0201 50 24 27.00019 -0.17895 2300 3.163 0.0214 10 25.2 1.177 0.0189 Waktu Udara Keluar T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.0227 (menit) B.8 63.(°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m3) air/kg UK) 0 23.2 1. L (m) (m3) Ɛ Tekanan.5 28 100 70.1875 108.6 1.00015 0.11394 10 0.168 0.2 Perhitungan Porositas (Ɛ).00019 -0.0084 0.8 1.008 0.0177 20 23 28 100 68.022687 1.03566 20 0.36173 30 0.jam) 0 0.175 0. H2 ρ udara y (kg (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m3) air/kg UK) 0 26 33 100 80.3 1.

20 3.93 117.0214 0.056802 2551.65022 3.00 3.65022 0.557 15258.022 0.373 2434.00640 3.3 Kurva Antara Log U dan Log ΔP 2.0177 1.938 15260.7506 40 28.03159 0 10 27 2.046129 2511.053247 2551.50 0.00675 3.65023 2496.747 15014.60 3.373 2434.66276 B.00320 3.00 1.0201 2.06 -3.21969 0.90 3.73762 .039 50 27.2107 30 28 3.95 1.76955 0.022 0.82402 0.5516 20 28 3.93 117.13 113.557 15258.93 117.5.06 0.0227 0.65022 0.06 -3.6 104.5 4.06317 690.15 2.70 B.0183 1.10 3.82512 486.557 15258.06 -3.463 2433.01387 3.26147 0.19029 128.0177 1.20 2.053604 2551.42808 0.055326 2552.03 115.4 Perhitungan Penyerapan Panas Waktu (menit) T Kering (°C) Debit.0189 3.50 3.40 log U 3.45994 673.05 2.30 2.04179 0.25 log ΔP 2.283 2395.056429 2550.022687 4.00467 3.377 15257. Q (m3/menit) y (kg y0 (kg air/kg air/kg UK) UK) Gu (kg/menit) F (kg) 0 28 1.5 6.06 -3.00357 Hg Hf Hfg Q1 (kJ/kg) -3.10 2.53909 0.373 2434.84 119.3579 4600 3.192 2436.758 m1 (kg/ m2 (kg/ m3 (kg/ menit) menit) menit) 0.0214 0.30 3.5.0189 2.13074 0.06 -3.0207 0.

46834 2.26147 1.96541 152.177 124.175 249.31407 1.14161 95.76955 1.83923 98.179 144.6 2602.73762 1163864.50613 2.13074 1.46834 30 k1 Q2 (kJ/kg) 89. η (%) 0 15258.04179 1.45020 1.5.6 2602.23884 10 2.1 Perhitungan RH.24118 10 15260.16 170.9 320639.17795 1.35495 30 15258.65022 576875.2 80.42808 372251.175 441.179 221.97749 72.9 776555.17795 1.7 2602.7 2602.6 Perhitungan Run 3 B.82402 776555.22217 161. Laju Alir.43392 2.43392 170.97749 40 4.65022 320639.9 372251. ρ v (kg/jam) (kg/ m3) 0 1. H1 ρ udara 3 y0 (kg (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m ) air/kg UK) 25 29 100 76.3 1.23884 72.66624 40 15257.168 171. Q v (kg/jam) (m3/mnt) Laju Alir. Enthalpy (H).163 161.2 94.2 10 144.03519 50 15014.70992 B.2 94.70974 20 221.65022 653821.41762 249.47608 70.45020 1. ρ (kg/ m3) Udara Keluar Densitas.21969 1.72181 95.7 2602.43587 2.53364 Waktu U1 U2 H1 H2 (menit) (kg/jam) (kg/jam) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) 0 124.9 1163864.0201 .72181 180. Densitas (ρ) dan Berat Udara (y0) Waktu (menit) 0 Udara Masuk T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.53909 1.70974 20 3.58632 1.17 296.9 576875.83923 50 441.2 83.14161 70.52104 Waktu (menit) Q1 (kJ/kg) Q2 (kJ/kg) Efisiensi.52104 98.165 152.78363 70.78363 30 3.2 89.5 Perhitungan Efisiensi Steam Udara Masuk Waktu Q (menit) (m3/mnt) Densitas.53364 70.6 2602.90051 20 15258.96541 2.41762 97.163 151.43587 171.45943 97.B.50613 151.22217 2.6.165 180.9 653821.47608 50 6.45943 40 296.17 0.

8 86.96710 1.7 1.146 0.17 0.0035 Porositas.6 1.88146 -0.3 Kurva Antara Log U dan Log ΔP .02857 76.11335 1.94356 1.6. H2 ρ udara 3 y (kg (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m ) air/kg UK) 0 30 48 100 99.7 1. Debit.97298 0 71.0024 10 0.0189 20 25 32 100 76.57403 30 0. Perbedaan Tekanan (ΔP).0201 Waktu (menit) Udara Keluar T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.0256 30 29 54 100 94. dan Energi Dalam (U) Waktu Tinggi (menit) Unggun.022687 3.6.82816 1. L (m) 0 0. Perbedaan Ɛ Tekanan.17 0.31429 33.022687 2.52928 -5 -0.6 1.75 85.39794 10 0.074375 3750 3.2 1.2 Perhitungan Porositas (Ɛ).3 1.146 0.44476 x 10-5 0.94028 x 10 Luas Permukaan 2 -5 Laju Alir.71625 2500 3.53148 20 0.151 0.0036 8.004 0.175 0. ΔP 5.3 1.0272 20 29 54 100 94. Q U Log ΔP Log U (menit) (m ) v (m/s) (liter/s) (kg.0272 10 30 52 100 99.0201 30 25 31 100 76.16714 x 10 20 0.85699 Volume (m3) 7.4 77.022687 3.57978 B.10 24 30 100 72.1341 3400 3.151 0.022687 3.0256 B.2087 3800 3.jam) 0 0.14286 93.5 56.000090746 30 Waktu 0.

60 3.00 3.05012 2555.009879 3.55 125.50 2.50 0.74 121.525 m1 (kg/ m2 (kg/ m3 (kg/ menit) menit) menit) Hg Hf Hfg Q1 (kJ/kg) 0. v (kg/jam) 0 1.0256 0.83523 10 2.010038 3.05268 2553.44516 B.80 B.06 -3.04865 2557.041785 1.67036 0.53909 0.0201 1.0272 0.04179 0.06 -3.00 2.0256 0.35 129.056 15251.45020 1.6594 20 32 3.20 3.146 168.2222 2.0272 0.4.30 3.094 2425.03159 0 10 30 2.50 1.93356 0. Q v (kg/jam) (m3/mnt) Densitas.436 15253.13074 0.47548 .50 log ΔP 3.175 143.00 1.914 2427.82512 722.9458 2.6.769547 1.4 Perhitungan Penyerapan Panas Waktu T Kering Debit.554 2432.70 3.0201 1.06 -3.186 15256.816 15255.06 -3.146 177.00 3.6. ρ (kg/ m3) Udara Keluar Laju Alir.15 134.50 log U 3.40 3.17 124.06317 1225.76955 0.19029 355.011347 3.007324 3.00 0.0201 2.21996 0.10 3.7457 30 31 3. ρ (kg/ m3) Laju Alir.04996 2559. Q 3 y (kg y0 (kg air/kg air/kg UK) UK) Gu F (kg) (menit) (°C) (m /menit) (kg/menit) 0 29 1.58632 1.734 2429.0189 1.5 Perhitungan Efisiensi Steam Udara Masuk Waktu (menit) Q (m3/mnt) Densitas.

6101 188.4036 95.7777 30 248.22 371680.7966 Waktu (menit) Q1 (kJ/kg) Q2 (kJ/kg) Efisiensi.7966 97.2 80.7 2606.45020 1.93356 316767.8352 72.22 316767. η (%) 0 15256.0117 72.2 83.9458 168.4444 k1 Q2 (kJ/kg) 89.4755 20 219.64816 .2222 177.44516 648573.18355 10 15255.67036 574054.20 3.21996 371680.4036 70.6101 97.22 574054.89561 20 15251.130737 1.4083 169.01171 Waktu U1 U2 H1 H2 (menit) (kg/jam) (kg/jam) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) 0 124.2 10 143.21054 30 3.151 169.34317 30 15253.6 2606.7777 2.151 188.17 219.4083 95.7 2606.4444 2.22 648573.72244 1.7 2606.539094 1.17 248.2 89.2105 70.