LAMPIRAN A

DATA PENGAMATAN
A.1 Data Alat Fluidized Bed Dryer
Diameter bawah

= 17 cm

Diameter atas

= 30 cm

Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer kosong

= 9,5 kg

A.2 Data Pengukuran Densitas Beras
Volume piknometer

= 25 ml

Berat piknometer kosong

= 33,1205 gr

Berat piknometer + air

= 58,4363 gr

Berat piknometer + air + beras

= 63,683 gr

Temperatur air

= 25,5 °C

A.2 Data Pengamatan Run 1
Berat beras

= 0,75 kg

Suhu unggun awal

= 26°C

Tinggi unggun awal

= 4 cm

Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras basah

= 10,42 kg

Waktu
(menit)

Udara Masuk

Tinggi
Unggun

Temperatur (°C)

Udara Keluar
Temperatur (°C)

Laju

Laju

(cm)

Basah

Kering

Inlet

(m/s)

Basah

Kering

Exhaust

(m/s)

0

3.5

3.5

24

30

30.2

1.6

28

39

32

10

6.8

6.8

23.5

29.5

45.5

3.2

26

40

34

20

7

7

23.5

29

58.5

3.6

26.5

45

36

30

7.15

7.15

24

29

60.6

3.9

28

49

43

40

7.2

7

23.5

29.5

63.8

4.2

29

51

46

50

76.9

7.2

23.5

29.5

67.1

4.6

29

54

48

60

6

5

25

31

68.9

4.9

28

50

51

7 3.2 1.3 26 32 44 1.6 10 6.3 Data Pengamatan Run 2 Berat beras = 0.7 50 8 24 27.1 26.5 28 51.5 33 42 1.5 1.8 4.14 kg Waktu (menit) Udara Masuk Tinggi Unggun Temperatur (°C) Udara Keluar Temperatur (°C) Laju Laju (cm) Basah Kering Inlet (m/s) Basah Kering Exhaust (m/s) 0 5.8 20 8.5 23 27 45.5 .6 26.5 kg Suhu unggun awal = 26°C Tinggi unggun awal = 3.5 Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras kering = 10.4 25 28.3 26 33 40 1.5 cm Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras basah = 10.20 kg Suhu unggun akhir = 48°C A.6 27 34 42 1.5 46.9 30 8.6 40 8.5 34 42 1.5 46.5 35 42 1.4 24 28 45.7 23.5 2.2 2.8 Waktu Volume Suhu Kondensat (menit) Kondensat (ml) (°C) 0 0 10 55 20 50 56.4 23 28 48.5 25.Waktu Volume Suhu Kondensat (menit) Kondensat (ml) (°C) 0 0 10 55 20 50 30 50 40 60 50 45 60 30 56.

4 25 29 45.2 2.4 30 52 44 1.96 kg Suhu unggun akhir = 48°C A.2 3.5 25 31 49.82 kg Waktu (menit) Udara Masuk Tinggi Unggun Temperatur (°C) Udara Keluar Temperatur (°C) Laju Laju (cm) Basah Kering Inlet (m/s) Basah Kering Exhaust (m/s) 0 2.9 10 3.30 50 40 60 50 45 Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras kering = 9.5 30 48 40 1.25 kg Suhu unggun awal = 32°C Tinggi unggun awal = 1.8 20 4 25 32 46.9 3.6 24 30 48.4 Data Pengamatan Run 3 Berat beras = 0.7 3.8 30 3.75 29 54 42 1.72 kg Suhu unggun akhir = 48°C .8 29 54 48 2 Waktu Volume Suhu Kondensat (menit) Kondensat (ml) (°C) 0 0 10 60 20 55 30 50 58.2 cm Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras basah = 9.5 Berat Fluidized Bed Dryer + Beras kering = 9.

1 Rumus yang Digunakan B.155 0.5 29.0159 50 23.157 0.7 1. H2 3 (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m ) air/kg UK) 0 28 39 44.2 Perhitungan Densitas Beras ( ) ⁄ ⁄ B.0159 60 25 31 62.0164 10 23.0189 .117 0.5 61.7 80.5 61.2 1.5 29.0168 40 23.118 0.3 89.157 0.2 1.4 72.3 Perhitungan Luas Area Fluidized Bed Dryer ( ) B.0181 20 26.1 0.1 70.7 72.2 1.2 1.5 45 24. H1 ρ udara y0 (kg (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m3) air/kg UK) 0 24 30 61.7 70.2 1.2 1.155 0.153 0.1 76.0159 20 23.1 Perhitungan RH.5 29.6 1.3 1.5 29 63. Enthalpy (H).0176 ρ udara y (kg (menit) Waktu (menit) Udara Keluar T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.4 Perhitungan Run 1 B.LAMPIRAN B PENGOLAHAN DATA B. Densitas (ρ) dan Berat Udara (y0) Waktu Udara Masuk T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.4.5 61.0196 10 26 40 33.148 0.0161 30 24 29 66.7 83.1 70.155 0.1 70.7 1.

00079 0.59106 40 0.66276 60 0.2 72.43 2101.086 0.022687 4.0187 50 29 54 16.068 0.05 0.022687 1.00159 -0.32257 40 0.0198 40 29 51 20.30415 30 0.17392 3.6714 3600 3.035 0.069 0. Perbedaan Tekanan (ΔP).70209 10 0.4.4 2014.022687 3.44 2131.01189 Waktu Luas Permukaan 2 3 Laju Alir.9 88.2 95.0191 60 28 50 19. L (m) (m ) Ɛ Tekanan.62325 50 0.55630 30 0.7 1. Debit.078 0.3 Kurva Antara Log U dan Log ΔP .jam) 0 0.00163 -0.4 94.36 1900.072 0.022687 4.6 1.6 104. dan Energi Dalam (U) Waktu Tinggi Volume Porositas.082 0.4 94.69020 B.00154 -0.30 28 49 21.2833 4200 3.022687 3. Q U Log U (menit) (m ) v (m/s) (liter/s) (kg.2 Perhitungan Porositas (Ɛ).41979 3.16385 4900 3.022687 4.50515 20 0. Perbedaan Log ΔP (menit) Unggun.0715 0.00159 -0.32862 60 0.41979 3.47735 3900 3.07 0.022687 3.27897 20 0.07 0.76520 3.20412 10 0.00162 -0.4.30415 50 0.67706 3.3579 4600 3.3 503.6 1.00113 0 1027.7 1.9 111.95451 3.60495 2.6 89.6 81.2984 1600 3.6 36.5968 3200 3.0235 B.1 89. ΔP 0 0.4 2014.

64 123.996 15256.0168 3.0520 2553.00928 3.0187 0.00 3.53284 60 31 6.00559 3.50 1.196 15256.30864 0.65023 2102.0235 0.00 2.70248 40 29.00000 10 29.5 Perhitungan Efisiensi Steam (kg/menit) F (kg) (menit) .10 3.4 Perhitungan Penyerapan Panas Waktu T Kering Debit.06 -3.06 -3.196 15256.0559 2555.06 -3.00 0.60 3.80 B.0159 3.90028 0.816 15255.01168 3.5 4.70 3.544 2432.00800 3.50 log U 3.04616 0.0507 2554.26965 0.66983 0.00933 3.4.26147 0.0507 2553.50 log ΔP 3.09476 1002.0198 0.0176 3.88829 4955.30 3.734 2429.91117 30 29 5.17790 0.16780 B.0159 2.21996 0.0164 1.0161 2.35581 0.91 2287.71700 0.0189 0.06 -3.27 129.644 2430.0181 0. Q 3 y (kg y0 (kg air/kg air/kg UK) UK) Gu (°C) (m /menit) 0 30 2.996 15256.02294 3.0159 3.06 -3.79273 50 29.00406 3.64 123.644 2430.04616 0.04616 0.55 125.53929 201.544 2432.11184 20 29 4.0191 0.23569 m1 (kg/ m2 (kg/ m3 (kg/ menit) menit) menit) Hg Hf Hfg Q1 (kJ/kg) 0.74 121.4.33282 1343.85670 575.36 14396.5 5.74 121.00 3.96416 0.06 -3.996 15256.0371 2417.40 3.0483 2554.644 2430.06 -3.4.00 1.0196 0.0544 2554.5 6.64 123.96416 0.50 2.50 0.20 3.

6674 10 Enthalpy.92015 6. Laju Alir. Densitas (ρ) dan Berat Udara (y0) Udara Masuk Waktu (menit) T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.2 94.04616 1021569.39751 72.Udara Masuk Waktu Q (menit) (m3/mnt) Densitas.18796 6.65551 98.2 301.157 368.9 1190445.17790 1.155 396.19669 50 6.12549 1.17772 5.16000 72. η (%) 0 15255.41796 6.52586 5.81538 10 15256.02844 20 15256.04616 1122744.12549 1.6 2602.85325 1.117 410.069 392.16673 40 396.157 340.9 877746.9 773806.16673 98.26147 1.1 377.96416 877746.153 150.7 2602.78852 Waktu (menit) Q1 (kJ/kg) Q2 (kJ/kg) Efisiensi.85749 6.39676 40 15256.70661 70. Q v (kg/jam) (m3/mnt) Densitas.52289 98.39773 1.30864 1.078 396.118 429.9 1021569.64118 60 14396.68905 76.79069 B. ρ v (kg/jam) (kg/ m3) 0 2.9201 392.5.418 450.6 2602.53034 20 4.83244 50 433.16780 1190445.39751 40 5.33018 30 5. H1 ρ udara y0 (kg .12549 1.65551 60 459.8575 410.188 396.51431 98.9 1122744.21996 364554.68905 Waktu U1 U2 (menit) (kg/jam) (kg/jam) 0 150.33018 70.66983 1. Enthalpy (H).66740 6.78852 98.155 301.51431 368.6 2602.90028 1.9 364554.082 450. Enthalpy.88893 60 6.9 951632.83244 98.7 2602.086 381.96416 951632.2 94.04616 773806.155 433.53034 20 340.2 89.1 Perhitungan RH.70661 95. ρ (kg/ m3) Udara Keluar Laju Alir.7 2602.19669 70.2 80.3 89. H1 H2 (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) 429.148 459.94222 1.35581 1.26180 30 15256.5259 381.71712 1.16000 10 4.1777 30 k1 Q2 (kJ/kg) 89.5 Perhitungan Run 2 B.71700 1.88893 70.52289 377.2 83.50661 50 15256.7 2602.

3 1.5 34 100 82.05 181.165 0.2875 83.175 0.36173 30 0.022687 2.44716 40 0. L (m) (m3) Ɛ Tekanan.163 0.0084 0.jam) 0 0.5.0189 Waktu Udara Keluar T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.05 181.022687 1.00018 0 164. Perbedaan (menit) Unggun.25839 30 0.3 1.8 63.55770 2.2 1.00013 0.00015 0.5 100 72. H2 ρ udara y (kg (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m3) air/kg UK) 0 26 33 100 80.022687 3.022 40 26.0201 50 24 27.8 1.0183 10 23 27 100 68.00019 -0. Debit. dan Energi Dalam (U) Waktu Tinggi Volume Porositas.20412 20 0. Perbedaan Tekanan (ΔP).25839 50 0.5 33 100 78.25839 40 0.165 0.5222 2800 3.177 0.0214 30 26.1 70.8 1.6 1.2 Perhitungan Porositas (Ɛ).3 1.0227 (menit) B.5 35 100 82.168 0.0065 0.5 100 76.11394 10 0.48023 1.32815 3100 3.17895 2300 3.3 52.00019 -0.29778 2.00019 -0.4 1.05 181.17 0.03566 20 0.179 0.2984 1600 3.0084 0.0189 40 25 28.0177 20 23 28 100 68.92158 10 0.44243 2.29778 2. Q U Log ΔP Log U (menit) (m ) v (m/s) (liter/s) (kg.49245 1300 3.5 28 100 70.2 1.1875 108.16 0.6 36.163 0.008 0.6 1.022687 2.21601 Waktu Luas Permukaan 2 Laju Alir.0057 0.0084 0.(°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m3) air/kg UK) 0 23.175 0.0207 20 26 32 100 80.0214 10 25.0177 30 24 28 100 72.49136 . ΔP 0 0.29778 2.022687 1.3 29.179 0.022 50 27 34 100 85 1.2 1.

0177 1.13074 0.3 Kurva Antara Log U dan Log ΔP 2.00 3.758 m1 (kg/ m2 (kg/ m3 (kg/ menit) menit) menit) 0.056429 2550.0214 0.30 2.283 2395.00320 3.50 3.06 -3.5 4.056802 2551.93 117.10 3.10 2.01387 3.45994 673.42808 0.557 15258.3579 4600 3.40 log U 3.039 50 27.13 113.50 0.022 0.60 3.70 B.046129 2511.21969 0.0207 0.06 -3.4 Perhitungan Penyerapan Panas Waktu (menit) T Kering (°C) Debit.0189 2.5 6.373 2434.0227 0.557 15258.0177 1.93 117.938 15260.0189 3.373 2434.65022 0.053604 2551.06317 690.19029 128.377 15257.20 3.93 117.95 1.055326 2552.84 119.53909 0.76955 0.5.66276 B.463 2433.00357 Hg Hf Hfg Q1 (kJ/kg) -3.65023 2496.06 -3.557 15258.00 1.0214 0.7506 40 28.06 0.5516 20 28 3.6 104.26147 0.00675 3.82402 0.747 15014.65022 0.0183 1.192 2436. Q (m3/menit) y (kg y0 (kg air/kg air/kg UK) UK) Gu (kg/menit) F (kg) 0 28 1.00640 3.373 2434.20 2.65022 3.05 2.30 3.03159 0 10 27 2.03 115.5.06 -3.04179 0.022 0.022687 4.82512 486.15 2.90 3.25 log ΔP 2.2107 30 28 3.053247 2551.73762 .00467 3.06 -3.0201 2.

70992 B.2 10 144.B.70974 20 221. Q v (kg/jam) (m3/mnt) Laju Alir. η (%) 0 15258.83923 98.23884 72.7 2602.41762 97.175 249.17795 1.35495 30 15258.24118 10 15260.16 170. H1 ρ udara 3 y0 (kg (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m ) air/kg UK) 25 29 100 76.7 2602.0201 .179 221.66624 40 15257.2 80.17 0. Enthalpy (H).96541 152.70974 20 3.14161 95.45020 1.47608 70.6 2602.47608 50 6.168 171.2 83.9 1163864.65022 576875.17 296.96541 2.175 441.53364 Waktu U1 U2 H1 H2 (menit) (kg/jam) (kg/jam) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) 0 124.6 Perhitungan Run 3 B.165 180.72181 95.31407 1.76955 1.78363 70.1 Perhitungan RH.9 320639.163 161.45020 1.9 372251.6 2602.177 124.52104 Waktu (menit) Q1 (kJ/kg) Q2 (kJ/kg) Efisiensi.26147 1.82402 776555.17795 1.165 152. Densitas (ρ) dan Berat Udara (y0) Waktu (menit) 0 Udara Masuk T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.90051 20 15258.53909 1.46834 2.03519 50 15014.73762 1163864. ρ v (kg/jam) (kg/ m3) 0 1.9 776555.3 1.6.43587 171.65022 653821.7 2602.97749 40 4.14161 70.9 653821.97749 72.23884 10 2.163 151. ρ (kg/ m3) Udara Keluar Densitas.58632 1.22217 161.5 Perhitungan Efisiensi Steam Udara Masuk Waktu Q (menit) (m3/mnt) Densitas.45943 97.46834 30 k1 Q2 (kJ/kg) 89. Laju Alir.65022 320639.5.45943 40 296.41762 249.13074 1.78363 30 3.43587 2.2 94.9 576875.53364 70.42808 372251.43392 2.52104 98.22217 2.2 94.04179 1.6 2602.43392 170.21969 1.83923 50 441.179 144.2 89.50613 2.72181 180.50613 151.

022687 3.57978 B.7 1.4 77. Q U Log ΔP Log U (menit) (m ) v (m/s) (liter/s) (kg.3 1.02857 76.57403 30 0.97298 0 71.0256 30 29 54 100 94.0035 Porositas.0201 30 25 31 100 76.44476 x 10-5 0.17 0.0272 20 29 54 100 94.151 0.6.11335 1.146 0.000090746 30 Waktu 0.0036 8.3 Kurva Antara Log U dan Log ΔP .10 24 30 100 72.0189 20 25 32 100 76.0272 10 30 52 100 99.52928 -5 -0.151 0.7 1.jam) 0 0.6 1.39794 10 0.022687 3.8 86.1341 3400 3. ΔP 5.6 1. Debit. H2 ρ udara 3 y (kg (°C) (°C) (%) (kJ/kg) (kg/m ) air/kg UK) 0 30 48 100 99.074375 3750 3.14286 93. Perbedaan Tekanan (ΔP).31429 33.88146 -0.94356 1.82816 1.53148 20 0.004 0. dan Energi Dalam (U) Waktu Tinggi (menit) Unggun.0256 B.3 1.96710 1.2087 3800 3.85699 Volume (m3) 7.16714 x 10 20 0.6. Perbedaan Ɛ Tekanan.2 1.146 0.71625 2500 3.75 85.0024 10 0.94028 x 10 Luas Permukaan 2 -5 Laju Alir. L (m) 0 0.0201 Waktu (menit) Udara Keluar T Basah T Kering RH Enthalpy.175 0.5 56.022687 3.022687 2.17 0.2 Perhitungan Porositas (Ɛ).

0272 0.17 124.04865 2557.21996 0.06 -3.0256 0.15 134.40 3.0272 0.20 3.734 2429.00 2.00 3.0189 1.50 log U 3.525 m1 (kg/ m2 (kg/ m3 (kg/ menit) menit) menit) Hg Hf Hfg Q1 (kJ/kg) 0.6.06 -3.914 2427.06 -3.50 log ΔP 3.056 15251.05268 2553.60 3.6594 20 32 3.9458 2.00 0. Q 3 y (kg y0 (kg air/kg air/kg UK) UK) Gu F (kg) (menit) (°C) (m /menit) (kg/menit) 0 29 1.04179 0.0201 2.816 15255.45020 1.74 121.009879 3. Q v (kg/jam) (m3/mnt) Densitas.007324 3.0201 1.7457 30 31 3.146 177.67036 0.00 3.03159 0 10 30 2.82512 722.06317 1225.554 2432.83523 10 2.00 1.146 168.10 3.0256 0.4.041785 1.186 15256.76955 0.769547 1.010038 3.55 125. v (kg/jam) 0 1.4 Perhitungan Penyerapan Panas Waktu T Kering Debit.2222 2.44516 B.175 143.93356 0.47548 . ρ (kg/ m3) Udara Keluar Laju Alir.35 129.06 -3.50 2.436 15253.05012 2555. ρ (kg/ m3) Laju Alir.30 3.094 2425.80 B.50 1.011347 3.6.5 Perhitungan Efisiensi Steam Udara Masuk Waktu (menit) Q (m3/mnt) Densitas.04996 2559.13074 0.19029 355.53909 0.58632 1.0201 1.50 0.70 3.

130737 1.21996 371680.22 648573.2222 177.67036 574054.45020 1.22 371680.20 3.4083 169.18355 10 15255.64816 .34317 30 15253.8352 72.151 169.93356 316767.6 2606.2 10 143.2105 70.0117 72.89561 20 15251.4444 k1 Q2 (kJ/kg) 89.72244 1.9458 168.17 219.7 2606.2 83.44516 648573.22 316767.4755 20 219. η (%) 0 15256.6101 97.151 188.4444 2.2 89.4036 95.4036 70.7777 2.6101 188.539094 1.7966 97.7777 30 248.2 80.01171 Waktu U1 U2 H1 H2 (menit) (kg/jam) (kg/jam) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) 0 124.7966 Waktu (menit) Q1 (kJ/kg) Q2 (kJ/kg) Efisiensi.17 248.21054 30 3.4083 95.7 2606.22 574054.7 2606.

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