Adaptations of Plants

Xerophytes and Hydrophytes

. rivers and swamps) In order to survive in these environments. Xerophytes – Desert Plants Hydrophytes – Water Plants (live in ponds.Adaptations of Plants     Plants can survive in many extreme environments. these plants need to have adaptations.

Xerophytes .

Helps to maximize water uptake. .   Grow deeply and in all directions in order to anchor the plants in sandy soil and against the wind.Xerophyte Adaptations  Well established root systems.

Xerophyte Adaptations  Short Life Cycles    Grow from seeds to mature plants. . These few days can coincide with the few days of rain. fruits and seeds in a short amount of time. produce flowers. Thickened. Waxy Cuticle  Prevention of water loss because the cuticle prevents the water that the leaves already have from escaping due to the high heat and intense sunlight.

Xerophyte Adaptations .

What would you need? .Xerophyte Adaptations  Many desert plants are called C4 or CAM plants.  What can help you to remember the adaptations? Imagine you are in that environment. The cooler temperatures allow the plant to take up CO2 through their stomata without sacrificing water.    These plants only open their stomata in the dark at night.

Hydrophytes .

This helps them to float in water.Adaptations of Hydrophytes   Have lots of air spaces in their tissues. .

These roots grow to reach the surface above the water in order to obtain CO2 to survive. Marshes or Swamps .Adaptations of Hydrophytes    Roots in waterclogged soil are called ‘Breathing Roots’ or ‘Pneumatophores’.

Adaptations of Hydrophytes    Again. what would you need to survive? To breathe underwater? To float on the water? . if you were in that environment.

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