HyperMesh Advanced Training

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hmadvtrain_v40.doc

Table of Contents
Preface................................................................................................................... 1

Section 1: Advanced Geometry Clean-up and Meshing Techniques............ 3
Element Quality Criteria ................................................................................................... 3 Exercise 1: Suppressing features adversely affecting element quality ................ 5 Exercise 2: Adjusting fixed points to correct surface edge definitions.................. 9 Exercise 3: Meshing around a troublesome feature ........................................... 14 Working with Defeaturing and Geometry Cleanup Tools ........................................... 23 Exercise 4: Preparing the bracket....................................................................... 25 Exercise 5: Preparing the base component........................................................ 32 Exercise 6: Meshing the parts ............................................................................ 36

Section 2: HyperMesh Macros ....................................................................... 41
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 41 What is a HyperMesh Macro .......................................................................................... 42 The Macro Menu.............................................................................................................. 42 Page..................................................................................................................... 43 Display ................................................................................................................. 43 Shortcuts.............................................................................................................. 44 Tool ...................................................................................................................... 44 Files Associated with HyperMesh Macros ................................................................... 46

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 *nextmacrofile()............................................................................................................... 93 *setactivepage() .......................................................... 65 Exercise 6: A macro that checks the model for elements having a Jacobian below a user specified value........................................... 61 Syntax of Macros vs Tcl/Tk.............................. 57 Creating HyperMesh Macros Using Tcl . 47 HyperMesh Macro Commands ......................................................................................... 52 Exercise 2: A macro to save the model ......... 53 Exercise 3: A macro to create a reverse video JPEG ............................................................................................. 94 ii Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering ....... 91 *pushmacrofile().................................................................................................................................. 84 *createtext() .................... 73 Command List ..................................................................... 90 *prevmacrofile()................................................................................................................................. 75 *appendmark() .............................................................................. 64 Exercise 5: Create a macro to save a file to a user-specified directory and filename ......................................... 76 *callmacro().......................... 85 *endmacro() ................................................................................................................ 49 Process for Creating Basic HyperMesh Macros................................................................................................................................... 92 *setactivegroup()................................................................................................... 47 Exercise 1: Creating a button .. 62 Creating Macros using Tcl/Tk ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 *createlistpanel() ........................................................................ 86 *enterpanel() ......... 68 Appendix A: HyperMesh Macro Menu Commands ..................................................................................................................................................... 63 Exercise 4: Create a macro to invoke a Tcl script ..........................................................................................................................HyperMesh options Panel ..................................................................................................................................................... 82 *createmarklast()................................................................................................................................ 75 *beginmacro() ................................................................................... 73 Macro File Example ........... 77 *createbutton() ................................................................. 87 *includemacrofile() ................................................ 62 Tcl/Tk Help..................... 78 *createbuttongroup() ........................................................................ 83 *createmarkpanel() .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................. 95 Appendix B: HyperMesh Tcl/Tk Interface........................ 108 hm_getstring .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 109 hm_markclear ............... 110 hm_nodelist............................ 100 hm_complist......................................... 111 hm_nodevalue ................................................................. 103 hm_getentityvalue............................................................................................................................................................. 105 hm_getfloat .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 hm_getmark ............................ 102 hm_errormessage........................................................ 98 Additional HyperMesh Commands ...................................................................................... 100 hm_answernext...................... 114 Example ......................................... 106 hm_getint ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 97 Executing Tcl/Tk Scripts ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................*setbuttongroupactivecolor()................................................................................... 112 hm_redraw ..................................... 97 GUI Development ................................................................................... 104 hm_getfilename .................... 97 Overview ........................................ 101 hm_elemlist............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 hm_usermessage ................................................................. 115 Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh iii ..

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The second is macros and macro creation. • • courier for text that you type in bold italic for panel names. and sub-panel names. by the end of this session. a tool to improve your productivity using HyperMesh. This will ensure the system can accurately interpret the command you entered. type the entire command ignoring the wraparound. Important information appears here. When asked to enter such a command. see the back of the title page of this manual for contact information. It covers two topics. Manual notations This manual uses the following notations. Even if you have no experience writing any program code. In those cases. button names. Comments about this manual may be directed to documentation@altair. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 1 . the text wraps to the next line and is slightly indented.Preface Preface Who should attend This course is designed for students who have attended HyperMesh Basic Training and have a working knowledge of HyperMesh. Macro commands may occasionally be longer than the text line of this document. Each section also includes “hands-on” exercises to help you become comfortable with the new techniques presented here.com. you will be successful at creating your own macros. Information that is of importance or warning messages will appear in a note box. For more help Should you desire additional help with material in this course. F This is an example of a note box. The first is advanced geometry clean-up and meshing techniques.

Preface 2 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .

the result is warpage. Element Quality Criteria In FEA modeling. With first order tria elements warpage is not possible. steps and ridges in sheet Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 3 . The ideal four-node (quad) plate element is a planar square. Many modern FEA solvers have routines to compensate for some measure of poor element quality. element quality greatly effects the accuracy of the analysis results. fillets. When trying to determine whether or not to cleanup the geometric feature. Two types of errors can result from translating a single node. If one of the nodes is translated in the plane of the remaining nodes. 1. The FEA modeler must take into consideration element quality. the interior angles change and the edge lengths vary between sides introducing skew and aspect ratio into the element. Is this feature important to my analysis? Often designers model details that are unimportant in FEA. A methodical approach to geometry cleanup and automeshing activities can save a great deal of time in the analysis process and assist in obtaining dependable results. but it is not a good practice to rely on these compensations. and thereby judge whether the analysis results are meaningful. but aspect ratio and skew remain valid measures of element quality. often cited as the most time consuming aspects of Finite Element Analysis (FEA) modeling. ask yourself the following questions. The element checks in HyperMesh test these properties and provide feedback as to the quality of the element. Tapers.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Section 1: Advanced Geometry Clean-up and Meshing Techniques Geometry cleanup and automeshing. If one of the nodes is translated out of plane of the others. Keep element quality criteria in mind while observing the geometry of the model. are the most critical aspects in generating a quality mesh that will give accurate analysis results.

skin. 2.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering metal parts. With HyperMesh. or to correct the elements after meshing? As the geometric features become more detailed and complex. then mesh without the feature. Do I need to mesh the surfaces. 4 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . Will it be easier to correct the geometry before meshing. and compare the results. How will this feature affect my mesh and element quality? Consider the benefits and consequences of removing the feature versus meshing it. while required for manufacturing. or can this part be modeled using other techniques? Sometimes the more basic “surfaceless” meshing tools result in a better quality mesh faster and easier than using the surfaces presented. ruled mesh. often the simplest way to answer this is to mesh with the feature. 4. spin. line drag. Tools such as spline. With the new element cleanup functionality in HyperMesh. and element offset can often be used to accurately represent a part without being confined to the given geometry. it is often easier and faster to mesh around them and correct the mesh afterwards. interactive task. correcting element quality becomes a simple. The next five example problems demonstrate how to manage these situations. can often be ignored in analysis. 3.

Select the hm file sub-panel by clicking the corresponding radio button. will result in a less than ideal mesh on these surfaces. use the automesher to create a surface mesh both before and after suppressing unnecessary feature lines. This file contains five surfaces.hm40 using the file browser.hm40 In this exercise. or type in the file name. Use the cleanup sub-panel within the automesh panel to avoid extra panel navigation. 3. Click in the text field next to file = and select taper. 4. 1. Click retrieve to read the file into HyperMesh. Go to the files panel from any page. 2. as well as the other trim lines forming the boundaries between the individual surfaces. The surface with a curved edge forms a tail that tapers into a narrow point.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Exercise 1: Suppressing features adversely affecting element quality Step 1: Retrieve the model taper. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 5 . This feature.

0 Click mesh to enter the secondary automesh menu. 3. Notice how the curved line results in severely distorted elements. 2. Since the curved line is unimportant to our analysis. 6. Click mesh to display the preliminary mesh. select the automesh panel. 4.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering Step 2: Create a baseline mesh 1. Select the create mesh sub-panel by clicking the corresponding radio button. Click in the text field next to elem size = and enter 25. 5. 6 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . From the 2D page. we can suppress it and improve the element quality. Click on the green surfs button and select all from the pop-up menu.

Return to the create mesh sub-panel. Note the improved mesh quality. Click each of the interior green surface edges to suppress those features. 4. select the cleanup sub-panel by clicking the corresponding radio button. manually adjust these densities or re-calculate the edge densities.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Step 3: Creating an improved mesh 1. Click mesh to display the preliminary mesh. 3. 6. 5. Click the green line button under toggle: to make that the active entity selector. 7. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 7 . Click abort to discard the existing mesh. Click mesh to enter the secondary automesh menu. the remaining problem areas result from transitions due to the different mesh densities on corresponding sides of the rectangular surface. Since the baseline meshing operation retains the original mesh densities. To fix this. 2. While still in the main automesh panel.

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Step 4: Adjusting element densities
1. Click the green recalc all button to re-compute the edge densities based on the desired 25 mm element size. Click mesh to re-generate the mesh. Click return to accept the mesh and go back to the main automesh panel. Note the improved consistency in the resulting mesh.

2. 3.

Summary
In this exercise, we used the automesher to point out the problems caused by unnecessary feature lines. By suppressing the lines, the resulting mesh on this surface greatly improved.

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Exercise 2: Adjusting fixed points to correct surface edge definitions
A common problem when working with imported geometry is mismatched surface vertices. This occurs when neighboring surfaces do not share the same vertex at a boundary. Often these points are so close together that they appear from normal viewing distances as a single point. An easy way to identify these areas is to use the interactive meshing mode of the automesher, with the element densities displayed. Pay careful attention to all surface edges with an element density of one. When this occurs in a corner or where three (or more) surface edges come together, it almost always is the result of mismatched vertices. In this exercise, use the automesher to identify mismatched surface vertices. Once identified, use the cleanup panel within the automesh panel to replace multiple fixed points with a single point.

Step 1: Retrieve the model fixed_points.hm40
1. 2. 3. Go to the files panel from any page. Select the hm file sub-panel by clicking the corresponding radio button. Click in the field next to file = and select fixed_points.hm40 using the file browser, or type in the name. Click retrieve to read the file into HyperMesh.

4.

This file contains a single surface. Near the lower right side, where the curved surface meets the vertical, there is a short surface edge that can be eliminated by adjusting fixed points.

Step 2: Create a baseline mesh
1. On the 2D page, go to the automesh panel.

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2.

Select the create mesh sub-panel by clicking the corresponding radio button. Click on the green surfs button and select all from the pop-up menu. Click in the field next to elem size = and enter 25.0 Click mesh to enter the secondary automesh menu. Click mesh to display the preliminary mesh.

3. 4. 5. 6.

Notice the distortion in the mesh due to the short edge mentioned previously. Notice also the distortion at the lower left corner of the surface, and the indicated element density of one. Zoom into this area for a closer look.

With a closer view, what appears at first to be a tria element is actually a quad with a very short side. To correct this problem in both corners, use the replace fixed points function.

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Click the fixed point on the right. the active selector automatically changes to moved point. Click the point on the left. The points automatically combine at the bottom of the vertical line. at the bottom of the vertical line. 4. 5. Click abort to discard the existing mesh. While still in the main automesh panel. Fixed point to move Fixed point to retain 6. to select it as the point to retain. Click the green retained point button under replace points: to make this the active function. 3.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Step 3: Correct the mismatched vertices 1. at the top of the curved line. select the cleanup sub-panel by clicking the corresponding radio button. 2. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 11 . near the top of the curved line. Zoom in on the lower right area of the surface. Notice once you select the retained point.

Select the lower fixed point as the retained point. and the upper point as the one to move. Zoom in on the lower left corner. Fixed point to move Fixed point to retain 10. Click f on the blue permanent menu (alternately.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering 7. hit the F key on the keyboard) to fit the model to the screen. 8. Click f on the blue permanent menu (alternately. 9. 12 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . hit the F key on the keyboard) to fit the model to the screen.

Click mesh. we used the automesher to identify two meshing problems caused by mismatched surface vertices. 4. Once identified. Note the regular features of the meshed area.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Step 4: Create an improved mesh Now that the problems at the vertices are corrected. Select the surface. Summary In this exercise. create the mesh. Return to the create mesh sub-panel by selecting the corresponding radio button. Click mesh again to create the mesh. Click return to accept the mesh. 3. 1. the problems were corrected using the replace fixed points function resulting in a better quality mesh. 2. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 13 . 5.

This is a required feature. 3. if you rotate the model slightly. A baseline mesh will point out the problem areas. another transition occurs in the vertical surface on the right side of the lower half of the model. 14 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . Select the create mesh sub-panel by clicking the corresponding radio button.hm40 using the files panel. You can easily eliminate them by adjusting element densities. Click on the green surfs button and select all from the pop-up menu. use alternate meshing techniques to obtain a good quality mesh throughout the component. 7. Also. Retrieve the model file crease. Once identified. go to the automesh panel. Click in the field next to elem size = and enter 25. Click mesh to display the preliminary mesh. 2. Notice the transition element in the lower half. 6.0 Click mesh to enter the secondary automesh menu. use the automesher to identify troublesome geometric features. so it cannot be ignored.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering Exercise 3: Meshing around a troublesome feature In this exercise. The crease running horizontally across the model causes some problems with the mesh on this part. 4. On the 2D page. Step 1: Create a baseline mesh 1. 5.

9. If not. The numbers on the left side of the lower half of the part indicate an element density of four. 11. This will decrease the element density on this edge to one. Click mesh to regenerate the mesh. make sure the adjust edge selector is active (it is highlighted with a blue halo).Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up 8. click on the green button to select it. On the density sub-panel. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 15 . Click once on the numbers to increment these edges to five elements. On the right side of the model. Increase to 5 elements Decrease to 1 element 10. right click once on the edge density of two.

16 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . To correct this situation. Also. then deal with the central area and the ends separately. This is because the edge densities for corresponding surface edges match. you could mesh around the crease and use a different method to create the crease elements. This is the approach we will use here. further inspection on the right side of the crease indicates a grouping of many tria elements. the narrow surface in the center of the crease has resulted in elements with a very high aspect ratio. Alternately. Because of the curvature at the edges of the part. This causes the nodes to be mismatched along the crease. and leads to skewed elements. you could edit the geometry to trim the ends of the crease. While the mesh in general appears consistent.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering Notice the transition elements are eliminated. The geometry of the crease caused the grouping of tria elements on the right side of the crease. the crease is considerably longer in the center than at the top edges.

Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Step 2: Abort the mesh and create a new mesh around the crease 1. 2. Click return to accept this mesh and go back to the main automesh panel. 7. Click abort to discard the baseline mesh and return to the main automesh panel. Select a total of six surfaces. 6. 3. Click return to go back to the main menu. Click reset button under surfs to reset the surface selection. Click mesh again to display the preliminary mesh. Pick the individual surfaces above and below the crease surfaces by clicking them one at a time. Select all but the three crease surfaces 4. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 17 . Click mesh to enter the secondary automesh panel. 5.

Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering Step 3: Meshing the ends of the crease If you were to mesh the crease now. Press the F6 key to jump to the edit element panel. 5. 8. the gap closes and the elements are connected across the narrow surface. Select the create sub-panel. we need to build some tria elements to form the transition into the elements of the crease. Now. Select the radio button next to tria. 4. Click the nodes on each side of the narrow surface. Press the F3 key to jump to the replace nodes panel. 7. 3. To prepare for correcting connectivity across this gap. Restore the left_end_crease view using the view panel on the blue permanent menu. 2. 18 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . Select the two nodes as indicated in the following diagram. First. you need to perform some hand editing of the mesh to build in the transition elements from the edges to the crease. stitch the elements across the ends of the crease together. After you select the second node. the narrow surface at the bottom would be ignored. 6. 1. Check the at mid-point option.

Keep holding the mouse button down while moving the mouse until the narrow surface is selected. Restore the right_end_crease view from the view panel. we will repeat the same steps. 11. 14. the cursor changes from a crosshair to a square box. 12. 9. Click and hold the left mouse button. After two seconds. Stitch the elements together using the replace function. 13. Create the two tria elements using the edit element panel. at the center of the narrow surface on the bottom of the crease. 10. Click on the highlighted surface at the position indicated in the illustration. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 19 .Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Select two existing nodes Create a third on the narrow surface To create the tria element we need create one more node. Select the corresponding three nodes to create a tria element on the other side of the crease. To fix the right end of the crease.

5. Select node list as the desired geometry type to drag. Select the three nodes as indicated below. 3. Select the top or bottom edge of the crease. 2.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering Step 4: Create the remainder of the elements for the crease 1. go to the Line Drag panel. you may need to zoom out. If you are in standard graphics mode. On the 2-D page. 20 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . Select line to drag along Select three nodes to drag 6. 4. Restore the left_end_crease view. Click the green line list button next to along:. 7. Select the drag geoms sub-panel.

The number of elements along the crease needs to be exactly 18. The nodes indicated need to be adjusted as close as possible to the existing nodes so they can be combined in the next step. If necessary. On the tools page. Density must be 18.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up 8. go to the edges sub-panel. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 21 . Click drag. Slight misalignment in nodes is okay. then click mesh to refresh the preliminary element display. 11. The position of the nodes will be off a bit because the top and bottom edges of the crease are unequal in length. 9. 10. click return to go back to the line drag page. adjust the density of the elements along the crease to 18 by clicking the displayed density number. the same as the adjacent surface edges. Click return to go back to the main menu. Once the number of elements is 18. Step 5: Use the equivalence function to correct the mismatched nodes 1. If you adjusted the density.

Click equivalence to automatically replace the nodes and stitch the elements together. 22 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . Click in the number field next to tolerance= and enter 6. we can not guarantee connectivity between them. 4. some element and node editing was required. Therefore.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering 2. The identified nodes should outline the crease elements created by the line drag operation. pick any element in the model. we used the automesher and identified a troublesome geometric feature and the meshing problems it caused. 5. Summary In this exercise. With comps as the active selector. and mesh the area using one of the surfaceless meshing tools in HyperMesh. 6. Since some of the elements were created using surfaces and others were not. 3.0. Our solution was to ignore the troublesome surfaces of the feature. Click return to go back to the main menu. Click preview equiv to identify the nodes to be equivalenced. Adjust the tolerance up or down until exactly 40 nodes are identified.

Once candidate holes are identified. it will appear as a free. Removing interior trim lines will remove selected surface edges entirely contained within the boundary of the parent surface. the internal surface edge must be continuous and close upon itself. Removing all trim lines reverts a surface to its initial definition. red edge. a confirmation step allows individual holes to be un-selected. The approximate diameter of the hole (or longest distance across in the case of non-round holes) is required for identification. F The remove interior trim lines function can be used to remove holes without creating the residual fixed point. they are replaced with a hard corner formed by a tangential extension of the fillet surface Line representing fillet cross section Curved surface fillet Tangential extensions Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 23 . The pinholes sub-panel identifies and removes holes within the surface. identify and remove surface fillets and identify and remove edge fillets. To be considered a hole. identify and remove pinholes. the results of this operation may vary. the fixed points can easily be suppressed before meshing. When fillets are removed. The trim lines sub-panel removes surface trimming operations. Five sub-panels access functions that remove trim lines from surfaces. A fixed point is created at the center of the hole once they are removed. This can be used to create weld or beam elements representing a bolted or riveted connection. Alternately. Depending on the method used to create the surface. In topology mode. Two modes are available.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Working with Defeaturing and Geometry Cleanup Tools The defeaturing tools in HyperMesh are located on the defeature panel on the Geom page. removing interior trim lines and removing all trim lines. The surf fillets sub-panel identifies and removes surface fillets.

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The surfaces can be identified by selecting a representative fillet cross section or by searching selected surfaces for fillets that fall between a range of radii. Once surface fillets are identified, a secondary menu allows the fine-tuning of the selection criteria. The edge fillets sub-panel identifies and removes edge fillets. When fillets are removed, the curved edge is replaced with a hard corner. Edge fillets must be located on free surface edges to qualify for removal.

Curved edge fillets

Hard corners

The trim-intersect sub-panel also removes edge fillets, however, the points of tangency are specified by you.

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Exercise 4: Preparing the bracket
In this exercise, prepare a simple bracket for incorporation into a larger model part. Use the tools on the defeature panel to remove holes, edge fillets and surface fillets, then export the modified model as IGES data. Later, it will be imported and become a component in a larger part.

Step 1: Importing the original bracket model
1. 2. 3. Go to the files/import sub-panel. Select the iges import translator. In the filename field, enter bracket.iges or use the browser to find the file. Click import.

4.

HyperMesh allows you to pre-select an entity by pressing down and holding the left mouse button and dragging the cursor over an entity. HyperMesh highlights it in white. If this is the entity you want, release the mouse button and the selection is made. This feature improves the precision of entity selection. Since imported component collectors are gray, it is difficult to differentiate them from pre-selected entities. We recommend you change the imported component’s color to make it easier for you to see pre-selected entities. The following steps take you through the color change process.

Step 2: Change the color of the geometry
1. 2. 3. Go to the colors panel (on any page except Tool). If the entity selector is not set to comps, change it using the switch. Click in the comps button and check lvl8 as the component you want to change.

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4. 5. 6. 7.

Click select to place that component in the selection mark. Click on the color button and select a color from the pop-up color palette. Click set color to change the color of the lvl8 component. Click return to go back to the main menu. Starting with HyperMesh version 4.0, the color palette is mapped in the hm.cfg configuration file that is read when HyperMesh starts. This file is in the hm/bin directory of your installation. You can edit it using any standard text editor. The RGB values for each of the 16 colors in the standard color palette are set using the *setcolor command.

F

The file contains three surfaces , with several holes, edges fillets and surface fillets. The scale of the part, along with these features would result in a very poor mesh.

Edge Fillets

Holes

Surface Fillet

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0.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Notice the element distortions around the holes as well as at the rounded edge fillets. 2. Should you want to retain any of these holes. Initial mesh with size 10 elements Step 3: Removing holes 1. With the surfs selector active. In the number field next to diameter <. On the Geom page. they must be deselected by right clicking the P. select the defeature panel. enter 10. Select the pinholes sub-panel. 4. we will remove them all. Removing these features will greatly improve the mesh quality. 3. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 27 . Click find. In this problem. 5. pick the surface containing the three holes. all three holes are identified with a white xP. At this point.

If any of the fillets are not to be removed. they should be deselected with a right mouse click. Fixed points appear at the center and the holes are removed. Click delete to remove the holes. If they are not required. A total of six fillets should be identified.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering 6. The fixed points force nodes to be located at these points when the surface is meshed. Go to the edge fillets sub-panel. the edge fillets are pre-selected as they are identified. Click on the surfs selector and pick all from the pop-up menu. 28 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . Like the pinhole operation. 2. the fixed points can easily be suppressed during the meshing process. 3. Click find to identify the edge fillets. This facilitates the creation of a weld or bar element to represent a fastener at the correct location. Step 4: Removing edge fillets 1.

Click return to go back to the main menu. 1. 2.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up 4. Line to pick as fillet profile 3. we need to create a midline on the lower flange. Go to the surf fillets sub-panel. Step 5: Removing the surface fillet 1. Pick one of the lines representing the cross section of the fillet. Click remove to replace the curved surface fillet with a hard corner. Click remove. Go to the lines/create midline sub-panel. 5. 4. Click find fillets to identify the fillet. Step 6: Creating a midline In preparation for spot welding the components together. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 29 .

1.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering 2. 6. Click return to go back to the main menu. Click create. 3. 5. Click on the green line list box on the right side of the menu to make it active. we need to export it as IGES data so it can be brought into the rest of the assembly. Click the radio button next to IGES. Pick one of the lines on the lower flange of the bracket. Pick the other line on the lower flange of the bracket. Go to the files/export sub-panel. 2. 30 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . 4. First line to pick Second line to pick Step 7: Exporting the model Now that we have completed defeaturing the bracket model.

Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up 3. Answer yes to the confirmation. The next step is to bring in the base component. we exported the part as IGES data so it could be combined with another part to form an assembly. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 31 . 3. The pinholes function identified and removed interior holes. 4. The surface fillet function created tangential extensions in lieu of curved surface fillets. Enter the delete panel by hitting the F2 key. Step 8: Clearing the HyperMesh database For the time being.iges in the filename field. Click return to go back to the main menu. Before doing so. Finally. 2. Click write. 1. the HyperMesh database for this session needs to be cleared. Click delete model to clear the database. We created a midline on the flange in preparation for locating spotwelds. we are done with the bracket model. The edge fillet function turned problematic curved edge fillets into hard corners that are much easier to mesh. we prepared a bracket for meshing using the tools on the defeature panel. Enter modified_bracket. Summary In this exercise. 4.

4. Go to the defeature/edge fillets sub-panel. 4. 2.0 for the min radius under fillet params: .Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering Exercise 5: Preparing the base component In this exercise.iges. 2. 3. Select all for surfaces to search. Click return to go back to the main menu. 32 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . 5. Then. Step1: Import the Part 1. 2. bring in a new component and defeature it. Got to the surf fillets sub-panel. Step 3: Removing surface fillets 1. Enter 2. import the modified_bracket file and spot weld the two components together. Step 2: Removing edge fillets 1. Click find to identify the fillets. Select all of the surfaces. Change the color of the lvl6 component. Click find. Import the file base1. 3. Click remove to replace the edge fillets with hard corners.

: . 2. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 33 . Import the modified_bracket. These lines must be identified under ignore edge associativity to indicate that the surface adjacent to the fillet should not be considered when calculating the tangent.iges file.hm binary file using the files/hm file sub-panel. Step 4: Combining the two components 1. 6. Click remove to replace the fillets with hard edges. Select the inner lines around the top relief. save your work as an . Select three lines under ignore edge assoc. Change the color of the lvl5 component. we are done defeaturing the base model. Click on the green lines button under ignore edge assoc. as shown below. At this point. Before continuing. 7.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up 5.

Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering 3. Create a component collector named welds to organize the spotwelds. 34 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . select the spotweld panel. We have a midline (previously created on the bracket) that will locate the welds. 4. On the 1-D page. Surfaces to weld together along the bracket midline The spotweld panel allows the creation of weld elements joining components before a mesh is generated.

Next. we imported the bracket prepared in Exercise 4 and spot welded it to the base component. Click create to make the welds.0 in the filed next to spacing=.0 in the field for search tolerance =. Select the bracket flange and the face of the base component as the surfaces to weld together. 9. Summary In this exercise. Weld elements will only be created if the surfaces are within the search tolerance at the weld location. Six weld elements are created. 6. including three way connections. forming an assembly. Fixed points are created on the surfaces at the location of the weld elements. nodes will be forced to these locations. 7. 8. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 35 . The welds are located along the line every 25 mm. 12.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up 5. Enter 1. ensuring that the plate mesh is connected to the weld elements. Click the green lines button under weld location and select the midline on the bracket flange. Enter 25. Save your work as a HyperMesh binary file. Go to the Geom/lines-surfs sub-panel. Fixed points are created on both surfaces at the weld locations. Click the toggle next to build systems to switch to without systems. The surface fillets we removed were comprised of several individual surfaces. When the surfaces are meshed using the automesher. 11. we revisited the edge fillet and surface fillet tools and used them on another component. 10.

Use the mixed element type to improve the mesh quality. 4. 3. However. and suppress the extraneous fixed points at the location of the first and last welds. these edges were suppressed. Click project to create additional fixed points on the surface edge corresponding to the weld points. 36 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering Exercise 6: Meshing the parts In this exercise. Step 1: Meshing the bracket 1. mesh the combined assembly. then select the two edges parallel to the corner edge. 7. 2. Go to the display panel on the blue permanent menu. These two edges indicate the previous location of the surface fillet. Click the toggle button. 10. Go to the automesh/cleanup sub-panel. 9. 8. Click on the green surfs button and select the flange surface. Switch the toggle on the right side of the panel from elems to geoms. Go to the remove points sub-panel. 5. Right click the checkbox corresponding to the lvl6 collector. Click the switch under to edges: and select on its surf from the pop-up menu. During the defeaturing operations. Go to the proj to edge sub-panel. 6. the edge topology (free/shared/suppressed) is a function of HyperMesh. and that information is lost when the geometry is written using the IGES format.

Go to the create mesh sub-panel. Click mesh. 14. Pick both of the bracket surfaces. 13. Increase the element density on the two edges as shown in the illustration until the transition elements are eliminated. Switch the toggle at the bottom of the panel from elements to current component to elements to surface’s component. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 37 . 15. 12.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Toggle two edges from shared to suppressed Interior fixed points projected to surface edge will better control mesh 11.

2. 4. This will usually result in a better mesh quality. project the fixed points from the weld elements to the surface edges. and turn the geometry display of the lvl5 component off. Click return to accept the mesh and go back to the automesh panel. then create the initial mesh. Step 2: Meshing the base1 component 1. The mixed element type handles these transitions by introducing a tria element instead of distorting a quad. and the lvl6 component back on. On each end of the weld line. Using the automesh/proj to edge sub-panel. Go back to the create mesh sub-panel and select displayed as the surfaces to mesh. 38 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . Several transition elements appear in the mesh due to the shape and size of the geometry.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering Increase density to eliminate transition elements 16. 3. Go to the display panel. use the remove points sub-panel to suppress the extraneous fixed point at the location of the first and last welds on the line.

The fixed points on the surfaces corresponding to the last weld element were suppressed to simplify the meshing operations. Mixed element type Quad element type on front face Mixed element type used on all surfaces except front face Step 3: Correcting element connectivity 1. 2. except the front face where the bracket attaches. Equivalencing nodes will not correct this because the distance between the components is less than the distance between the nodes that need to be equivalenced. 6. This is the equivalent of changing the display of the model using the display panel. The mesh improved on all surfaces. switch the element type: to mixed. Click the green set all button to update the element types for all of the surfaces. The replace node function easily corrects the connectivity. then click mesh to re-generate the initial mesh.Altair Engineering Advanced Geometry Clean-Up 5. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 39 . Zoom in to the weld in the most positive X location. On the type sub-panel. Use the Macro menu to turn the display of the geometry off and the elements on. Switch this surface back to the quad element type and re-generate the mesh. The finished mesh should look like this.

The nodes are combined and the elements are connected. Do the same for the other end of the weld element. 40 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . We switched the surface on the front of the base component back to the quad mapping to better handle the transitions around the spotweld locations. Replace node belonging to the weld with node belonging to the shell element Summary In this exercise. 4. 5.Advanced Geometry Clean-Up Altair Engineering 3. Uncheck the at mid-point option. 6. each component was meshed individually. the welds were redefined to better match the nodes on the surface mesh. then repeat this at the opposite side of the backet. On the 1-D. Select one of the nodes on the weld. To better manage the meshing process. select the replace function. The mesh quality greatly improved on a majority of the surfaces using the mixed element type. we meshed the two previously defeatured components. then the corresponding node on the plate element. if required. Finally. 2-D or 3-D page.

This section introduces the basic concepts of the HyperMesh macro functionality and procedures for creating and implementing macros. and text.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Section 2: HyperMesh Macros Overview Implementation of the Macro menu began with the HyperWorks 4. You can create a customized user interface consisting of a combination of controls including buttons (which may have user-defined macros associated with them). button groups (function like radio buttons). The following topics are included: • • • • • • What is a HyperMesh Macro Default Macro menu Associated Files ( filenames and functions ) HyperMesh options panel New HyperMesh Macro Commands Creating Basic HyperMesh Macros − − • • Save HyperMesh file macro Reverse video JPEG macro HyperMesh Tcl commands Creating HyperMesh macros using Tcl − − Modified save HyperMesh file macro Modified bad Jacobian check macro Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 41 .0 release of HyperMesh. the appropriate use of macros will save time. such as saving the model file or repetitive tasks that you apply to your models can be converted into macros. Ultimately. HyperMesh macros allow you to combine several steps into a single mouse click. Routines you use often.

with any optional arguments Macros therefore have two parts. displays on the right side of the graphics region when HyperMesh starts. This means each command completes in the order in which it appears in the macro. The Macro menu may be turned on and off from the options panel menu config sub-panel. F While macros offer a great deal of flexibility. embed additional logic. In addition. The HyperMesh Macro language allows you to customize the macro interface by creating controls in the form of buttons and button groups. and tool buttons. You can write simple macros that will run off of a HyperMesh command file. as shipped with HyperMesh. A brief description of each page and its respective macros follows. remember that once a macro is executed.pages. by adding Tcl/Tk scripting commands. user interaction. display options. a macro may not call itself. The HyperMesh macro language is an extension of the HyperMesh command language. Macros are interpreted. You specify • • • • • the macro page it displays on its label its location and size its help message the macro it calls. 42 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . For each control you specify its characteristics. and allow. The Macro Menu The Macro menu. shortcut buttons. the definition of the button that activates the macro and the instructions the macro performs. there is no way to cancel the execution or reject the results. The macro menu divides into four areas .HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering What is a HyperMesh Macro A HyperMesh macro is similar to a user-defined script or executable that can be used to automate a HyperMesh process or execute a series of steps semiautomatically.

Click the button for the macro page you desire. Turns off or on all of the elements in the model. 2 Topology mode. Reduces the size of the elements in the model by 20%. the mode most commonly used. vis opts Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 43 . Selects the topology visualization mode for displaying the model. 1 Component color. QA (macro page 3) handles element quality assurance functions. Geom (macro page 1) contains macros for geometry functionality. even in the automesh panel. Display The Display buttons are located above the page selection buttons and are available on each macro page. QA.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Page The Page selection buttons are at the bottom of the Macro menu. Displays the model either in performance or standard graphics mode. as in the Geom cleanup panel. Mesh. Each page contains different shortcuts and tool macros. the model is always displayed with the edges the same color as the associated component. User1 (macro page 4) contains space for user-defined shortcuts and tools. the surface edges are displayed according to connectivity. and User1. Mesh (macro page 2) contains macros used for meshing operations. Four modes are available: 0 Standard mode. The four default pages are Geom. They allow you to modify the graphics display in several different ways: geom elems shrink gfx Turns off or on all of the geometry in the model.

They operate in the same manner as function and shift keys. temp nodes Removes all of the displayed temporary nodes. mask lines Masks all of the lines in the model that are displayed. four. only comps Turns off every type of collector except component collectors. Behind each tool button is a default macro. The selection of shortcut buttons varies from page to page. adj circ pts Places three additional fixed points on an inner line. This macro works only on the surfaces attached to the selected surface. 44 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . This will allow for a better mesh quality around circular holes. Tool buttons allow you to perform functions quickly that would normally take several steps. On the Geom page there are three tools: isolate surf Allows you to isolate either an inner or an outer surface layer from a 3-D model.5 times and then trim that new line into the surface. Tool Each macro page has its own grouping of tools. surf line Places surface lines on your model. or no lines on each surface. The other layer and thickness are then placed in a temp directory and masked. You can place one. allows you to view the model in shaded mode regardless of which panel you are currently using.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering 3 Shaded mode. This allows you to create a higher quality mesh. macros off Turns off the Macro menu. and then projects those points to a concentric line. Shortcuts The Shortcuts buttons open the panel labeled on the button. two. washer Scale a circular line 1.

Remesh Allows you to remesh the selected elements plus one. There are eight tools to isolate any elements that fail certain element check criteria. Find between Finds the nodes that are shared between two components.0 You can then use the next four macros to quickly modify any elements that fail the element checks.0 0.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros On the QA page there are twelve tools to help you cleanup a pre-existing mesh quickly. and uses the mixed element type.5 20. Smooth Allows you to apply the smoothing algorithm to the selected elements plus one.mac file but are preset to: Length Jacobian Warpage Aspect Ratio Max Angle Quad Max Angle Tria Min Angle Quad Min Angle Tria 5.0 150.0 5.0 20. or three attached layers of elements. two. or three attached layers of elements.0 140. The macro displays only those elements that fail. two. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 45 . The remesh uses the current size. does not break connectivity.0 10. The values can be changed in the hm. Find attached Finds all of the elements attached to the displayed elements.

hm. or three attached layers of elements. By default.mac This file defines the Macro menu. Remesh Smooth Files Associated with HyperMesh Macros The macros have files associated with them. The remesh uses the current size. Applies the smoothing algorithm to the selected elements plus one. elems by surf split warped Deletes elements associated to a selected surface. If you want to change the default and remove the Macro menu from the screen display. Processes the entire model and splits all quad elements with a warpage greater than 20 into trias along the diagonal of the quad. delete the asterix (*) before the *enablemacromenu() command.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering On the Mesh page there are seven shortcuts and four macros. and uses the mixed element type. If hm. hm. You will find it helpful to understand the functions of these files while working with and creating macros.cfg. two. does not break connectivity. it automatically defines the attributes and contents of the Macro menu.cfg The display of the Macro menu is controlled by a command in the HyperMesh Configuration file. or three attached layers of elements. the Macro menu displays when HyperMesh starts. Its commands control the display and available operations of the Macro menu. Remeshes the selected elements plus one. two. 46 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .mac exists in the current HOME (UNIX only) or in the application’s base directory when HyperMesh starts. hm.

HyperMesh options Panel The HyperMesh Options panel contains the menu config sub-panel. passed to them from a control.mac file. find that page in the file and the macro name that you wish to modify. by using the arguments $1. $2. to Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 47 . Turn Macro menu on and off Load new Macro menu HyperMesh Macro Commands HyperMesh macro commands are located in the default hm.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros mac. Macros may accept variable arguments. When you open this file. This subpanel allows you to turn the Macro menu on and off as well as load your own Macro menu file into HyperMesh. To change a macro on a given page. Attributes of the macro page that you can change include: • • • • • which macro page displays the menu the text displayed on the control the location and size of the menu buttons the help string displayed on the menu bar the macro called.cmf file holds the commands of the last macro executed. and are enclosed by the *beginmacro() and *endmacro() commands. you will see that it defines the macro pages in order by page. Macros consist of valid command file or templex commands. etc. with optional arguments to pass.cmf The mac.

You may have as many arguments as your computer’s memory will allow. width. The following is the skeleton format of a macro. 1 0 10 name row column width COLOR The color of the button. arg1 … ]) Where: page Indicates the page number on which the button is to appear (values 1 through n. row. The color name must appear in capital letters. Enclose text of string in quotes (“). helpString macroName arg1… 48 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . macroName [ . The width of the button ( max 10 ). The syntax for this command is: *createbutton(page. The string to be displayed in the menu bar when the button is selected. name. Use the *createbutton()command to define the button and its characteristics. COLOR. The text to display on the button.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering specify where the arguments should be substituted.n). helpString. initially there are 4). GREEN. Enclose text of string in quotes (“). BLUE. Enclose the text with quotes (“).. The available button colors are: RED. BUTTON. The name of the macro to call when the button is selected. and MAGENTA. you must create a button on the Macro menu that invokes the macro. column. Optional arguments to pass to the macro. The row in which to place the button (value 1. The column where the button starts (values 0 10 ). *beginmacro() macro command statements go here *endmacro() To activate the macro from HyperMesh. CYAN.

This takes you to page 4. we defined in Step 3. It is magenta in color. This will allow the new session to use the modified hm.mac file from the working directory in a text editor and go to the bottom of the file. In your word processing package.”macroSample”) To refresh your memory. Open the hm.mac file to writeable.. 5.mac file. then press ENTER. 1.”Test”. F 4. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 49 . Load your session of HyperMesh from the working directory. here is the format for the *createbutton command and its arguments: *createbutton(page. If you get word-wrap.mac file from the .”This is a test button for experience”. as the macro processor will recognize only the hard return. the directory from where HyperMesh starts. You create and position the button that activates your macro. COLOR.20. arg1 … ]) 2. macroName [ . Add the command: *createbutton(4. and only goes half way across the Macro menu. Press the User1 button on the Macro menu. Next change the permissions of the local hm. name. row. type each command until you get to the end of it. width. we create everything to appear on the User1 page (macro page 4). the User1 page.5. helpString.mac file. column. You will see the button. Compare this button to our definition. Test. begins in the middle of the row. For this class. 6.MAGENTA. The end of a command is a hard return (press the ENTER key). Copy the hm.5.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Exercise 1: Creating a button This is the first step in the creation of a macro./hm/bin directory into the working directory. 3. Save the modified hm. that is fine.

HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering F There is no functionality behind the button at this time because the macro has not been written. 50 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . All that has happened is that the button to activate the macro now appears on the User1 page.

Set the default selection for a button group.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros This is a partial list of commands available to you for use in the construction of your macros. Command Name *appendmark() *beginmacro(name) *callmacro() *createbutton() *createbuttongroup() *createlistpanel() *createmarklast() *createmarkpanel() *createtext() *endmacro() *enterpanel() *includemacrofile() *insertbutton() *inserttext() *setactivegroup() *setactivepage() *setbuttongroupactivecolor() Description Add additional entities to a mark. Include the contents of the passed macro file. Place the entities from the last operation into a mark. Insert a button into the Macro menu. Start the definition of a Macro menu macro. Enter the passed HyperMesh panel. Insert text into the Macro menu. Add a button group to the Macro menu. Add a button to the Macro menu. See Appendix A for the command arguments. Add text to the Macro menu. Call a macro from within another macro. Set the current displayed Macro menu page. Set the color for the Macro menu button groups current selection indicator. End the definition of a macro started with the beginmacro command. Allow you to interactively select entities. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 51 . Allow you to interactively select a list of entities.

Add macro button commands.mac file. Define the task. 52 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . 3. we suggest the following process. 4. Run through the process in HyperMesh.mac file into HyperMesh using options panel. 5. Load the modified hm. Add macro wrapper commands. Add them to the hm. 1. 6. 2. 8. 7.cmf file. Modify necessary HyperMesh commands. Extract the commands from the command.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering Process for Creating Basic HyperMesh Macros To assist in your creation of HyperMesh macros.

the commands are appended to the file. In the file = field. in the order executed. enter the filename temp. Locate the command. then execute the commands necessary to complete the process.hm and select save. in the command. (As soon as you begin working in HyperMesh all executed commands are written to the command. Step 1: Run through the process in HyperMesh We now execute the full process within HyperMesh. which is the directory you started HyperMesh in. Click save.cmf file. Enter the hm file sub-panel. select the files panel. Use the file= file browser to locate a directory and filename.cmf file.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Exercise 2: A macro to save the model The first step in creating a macro is to know the process you want to automate. The file is in the specified working directory. 1.) From any page in HyperMesh.0/bin/ directory. 2. 4. we want to create a one-button macro to automate saving the current HyperMesh model to a file named temp. or in the /altair/hm/4.hm. Delete the command. Enter the files panel. delete the current command. The actions necessary to complete this task are • • • • • Leave the current panel. If the file already exists. Every command issued in HyperMesh appears. This macro automates these actions.cmf file. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 53 .cmf file.cmf file. In this exercise. To see only the commands you are interested in placing in your macro. 3.

1. Our button will be placed on page 4 (User1) of the Macro menu as that page is dedicated to user-defined macros.mac file. On the line following the *createbutton() command in the hm.0) Select and copy this line.”file save”. Also please refer to Appendix A for the arguments that the *createbutton command requires.hm". paste the *writefile() command copied from the command. 54 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .10. 2. We will be using page 4 to hold our macro buttons throughout this training. At the bottom of the file.mac file.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering Step 2: Edit the hm.20. 3. 1.”Save the file”. Locate the *writefile() command at or near the end of the command.”macroSave”) Step 3: Extract the commands from the command. Open the command.cmf file This is the command that writes the model file.mac file Create an activation button in the Macro menu to execute the macro. change the *createbutton command created in the previous exercise to look like this.cmf file using any text editor.GREEN. Open the hm. You should see the following. 2.0.cmf file. *writefile("temp.cmf file. *createbutton(4.

mac file.hm already exists. Insert the following commands following the *createbutton command. go to the options panel and select the menu config sub-panel. All commands can be found in the Commands Section of the HyperMesh on-line help. 2. Argument definitions and examples are included. F 2.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Step 4: Create the macro 1. Step 5: Load the new hm. Return to the HyperMesh session.0) *answer(yes) *endmacro() The macro name connects the button with the macro via the macroName field in the createbutton command. enclosing the commands from the command file between the *beginmacro() and *endmacro()lines. Save the hm. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 55 . macroName *beginmacro(macroSave) *writefile(“temp. The command *answer(yes) suppresses the overwrite prompt in the event temp.hm”.mac file into HyperMesh 1.mac file and click retrieve to load the updated Macro menu. Click on the macro file = button and locate the new hm.

Next. including the appropriate heading and footer and added them to the hm. Anytime a change is made to the Macro menu it must be retrieved through this panel to view or test the changes. Click this button to automatically save your file. Press return. First we defined the process and executed it in HyperMesh. The file is saved to the directory specified in the macro. A new button should be on the menu. we created a button in the macro file. In this case no directory was specified so HyperMesh saves the file to the start-up or working directory. we created a macro to simplify the process of saving a HyperMesh file.mac file. then created the command file commands. 56 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . The new button should be titled “file save”. Click on the User1 button on the Macro menu. we tested it. 4. It will also have the naming convention used in the macro. Summary In this exercise. Once we loaded the macro file into HyperMesh. 5.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering F 3.

Enter the options panel. Set each of the three color values to 255. This turns the background white. Enter the vis panel using the blue permanent menu. 5. • • • • Set the background color to white Set the mesh line color to black Generate a JPEG image file Return the colors back to default Step 1: Run through the process in HyperMesh 1. 2. 6. Set the graphics mode to performance graphics by clicking on the per button next to the gfx label in the Macro menu.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Exercise 3: A macro to create a reverse video JPEG In this exercise. 7. 3. we create a macro that will automate the following into one button click. Set the mesh color to color 2. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 57 . 4.hm file. Start HyperMesh and load the turbine_engine. Select the colors sub-panel.

”JPEG”.macroJpeg) 2. Step 4: Create the macro 1.0/bin/ directory. 58 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .mac file. 9. 2. *createbutton(4.0. Find the three commands near the bottom which were used to change the background color. Click return to leave the panel. the mesh line color and create the JPEG.GREEN.255) *setmeshlinecolor(2) *jpegfile() 3. HyperMesh interprets color 20 as black.255.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering 8. Change the 2 in the *setmeshlinecolor() command to 20. This captures the screen image in a JPEG image file that will be saved in either the working directory or the /altair/hm/4. Press and hold down the <CTRL> key and then click the <F6> key. Open the hm.mac file 1.10.mac file from the working directory in a text editor and go to the bottom of the file. 2. Step 3: Extract the commands from the command file 1.”Create a JPEG w/ reverse video”. They are: *setbackgroundcolor(255. Highlight and copy these commands. Step 2: Edit the hm. Insert this command to create the button.cmf file in a text editor. Open the new command.19. Paste the copied commands at the end of the hm.

Press return to exit this panel. Click on the macro file = button. Select the menu config sub-panel. 3. Locate the new hm. Select the User 1 button from the Macro menu. 4. 2. Select this button. Click retrieve to load your new macro file. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 59 .mac file. To avoid overlapping.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros 3. Surround the commands extracted from the command. Every macro written needs a unique button for activation.mac file into HyperMesh Return to the HyperMesh session and enter the options panel. 6. 3. The new button named JPEG is visible on the Macro menu.255) *setmeshlinecolor(20) *jpegfile() *endmacro() 4. each button must have a unique row number on each page.cmf file with the *beginmacro() and *endmacro() commands as follows: *beginmacro(macroJpeg) *setbackgroundcolor(255. 5. 2.255. Step 6: Use the JPEG macro 1.mac file. Save the hm. F 1. Step 5: Load the new hm.

After loading and testing the macro. Next.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering A JPEG file is created.cmf file were extracted into the macro file. Check the message on the header bar to verify the JPEG file’s creation. Summary In this exercise.0) *setmeshlinecolor(0) The three numbers correlate to the red. 2. we made a modification to reset the original background and mesh line colors. we created a macro to automate a process that normally requires several button clicks on different pages.0. we defined the process and executed it in HyperMesh. 3. and the macro was created. green and blue levels. 255 is the maximum and 0 is no color. Save the file and reload the macro file using the options panel. The background color remains white and the mesh line color is black. A process that takes 10 or more button clicks is now automated into one button click.mac file and go to the end of the file. 4. we edited the macro file to create a new button. 60 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . *setbackgroundcolor(0. First. The message also shows the name and location of the JPEG file. Open the hm. Step 7: Edit JPEG macro to return the colors to default after the JPEG file is created 1. After the *jpegfile()command and before the *endmacro()command. insert these commands. Create the new JPEG and open the file up to see what was created. You can add two commands to the macro to change the colors back to the default to avoid repeating the procedure. The commands written to the command.

You are allowed to add other variables to the macro and have their values stored for future use.2. a list of assemblies. Virtually all of the functionality of HyperMesh’s command file replay system is available through Tcl. including user-defined panels. Tcl (Tool Control Language) is an interpreted scripting language. Returns a user input floating point value. and so forth. Return a value by using the HyperMesh template system interface. Command hm_answernext Usage Used to force an answer for the following star command. and the ability to add logic to HyperMesh command files. Display an error message on the HyperMesh menu bar. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 61 .0 release of HyperMesh is Tcl/Tk v8. by posting the file selection panel in the HyperMesh menu area. Additional commands allow you to extract information from the HyperMesh database. See Appendix B for arguments. Returns a user input filename. elements per component.3. These commands can be used within Tcl/Tk to retrieve information from the HyperMesh database. node values. Return a list of element ids for the passed component id. Tcl/Tk allows you to develop custom scripted applications. as in *answernext “yes” *deletemodel hm_complist hm_elemlist hm_errormessage hm_getentityvalue hm_getfilename hm_getfloat Return a list of component ids for the current model. Tk (Tool Kit) contains widgets that can be incorporated into Tcl to build graphical user interfaces. component names. There is also a command to allow you to access HyperMesh using the template system.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Creating HyperMesh Macros Using Tcl Also included with the HyperWorks 4. as in the entity id numbers on a mark. by posting a panel in the HyperMesh menu area. nodes per element.

0) *setmeshlinecolor(0) *endmacro() Tcl script Not used in script *setbackgroundcolor 255 255 255 *setmeshlinecolor 20 *jpegfile *setbackgroundcolor 0 0 0 *setmeshlinecolor not used in script Creating Macros using Tcl/Tk You follow the same macro creation process discussed previously.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering Command hm_getint hm_getmark hm_getstring hm_markclear hm_nodelist hm_nodevalue hm_usermessage Usage Returns a user input integer value.mac file *beginmacro("macroJpeg") *setbackgroundcolor(255. commas. Syntax of Macros vs Tcl/Tk Compare the macro and its Tcl script equivalent. Returns a user input string.255. then create the macro using Tcl/Tk commands.255) *setmeshlinecolor(20) *jpegfile() *setbackgroundcolor(0. Return a list of ids for the passed entity type and mark mask. Clear the mark for the passed entity type and mark mask. Note particularly the lack of punctuation in Tcl. by posting a panel in the HyperMesh menu area.0. Otherwise the macro statement in Tcl appears very much like it does in the macro process we discussed above. Macro in hm. Parentheses. Display a message on the HyperMesh menu bar. Create a button to activate the macro. Return a list containing the passed node ids XYZ values. and quotes will be misinterpreted by Tcl if you use them. Return a list of node ids for the passed element id. 62 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . by posting a panel in the HyperMesh menu area.

tcltk.2.html The Tcl/Tk news group: comp.com/tcl-faq/ http://www.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Tcl/Tk Help The HyperWorks installation includes an on-line Tcl/Tk reference guide.com/software/tcltk/ http://www.hlp from the directory /Altair/tcl/tcl8.com/main. To initiate the help manual.tcl Recommended books: Tcl/Tk in 24 hours Tcl/Tk Programmer’s Reference Guide Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 63 . execute the file tcl82.scriptics.3/doc/ Tcl/Tk links: http://dev.lang.wservice.tclfaq.

HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering Exercise 4: Create a macro to invoke a Tcl script 1. 3. Create a button in the Macro menu to call the Tcl script for the next macro.”macroFile”) The Tcl script name.”file sv2”.GREEN. Notice in this case that the *answer(yes) command is given within the macro to suppress the confirmation prompt.0) *answer(yes) *endmacro() 4. Next create the macro. *createbutton(4.0). *beginmacro(macroFile) *evaltclscript(“save. Please see Appendix B for further information. Save the hm. 2. Edit the hm.”Save the file”.mac file and go to the bottom of the file.mac file The command to call a Tcl script is evaltclscript(“scriptname”. 64 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .10. in this case macroFile. is stored within the button command. Any other commands that you want to execute can be added before or after this command and they will be executed in the order given.17.tcl”.0.

Step 1: Setup and create the Tcl script 1. 5. By integrating Tcl/Tk with the macro. For example.. set the environment variable TCL_INCLUDE as follows: TCL_INCLUDE = “path to TCL scripts”. F 6. However with a UNIX workstation. 3. we must edit the hm. two rules must be followed. there are limitations as to what they can do.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Exercise 5: Create a macro to save a file to a user-specified directory and filename The macros we previously created are very powerful in their automation of repetitive tasks.tcl). Open a text editor session (in vi name the file save. This is true for Windows and UNIX workstations. if we wanted to save the model to another filename./bin/scripts directory. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 65 .”] with spaces. to the macroSave macro. Go to the bottom of the file. and commas [( ) . quotes. Save the new file in the working directory as save.. which can be located in the . Remove the *beginmacro(macroSave ) line and the *endmacro() lines from the new macro.tcl Tcl macros can be saved in either the working directory or the . This exercise creates an interactive macro that automates saving the current HyperMesh model to a user-specified directory and filename. in the Save File macro. Copy the macroSave macro into an empty session of the text editor.mac file. 4. the hm.mac file./bin/scripts directory must be in the working directory or the directory that TCL_INCLUDE points to. 7.tcl file. However. First. 2. you can increase its flexibility by interactively changing the filename. Second. Edit the hm. Replace all of the parenthesis.

10.hm 0 F 8. You can either type in a filename or double click the file button to change directories or retrieve a previously used name. You should see a new button labeled file sv2. Go back into the HyperMesh session and retrieve the hm. Select this button. Step 2: Load the new hm. Therefore remove them from the macro command lines when you put them into a Tcl script. A window pops up asking for a file name. Assign the value to the variable filename using the hm_getfilename command. 3. 9. set filename [ hm_getfilename “select or enter a filename” ] *writefile $filename 0 $filename passes the value in the variable previously set in the command.mac file using the options panel and menu config sub-panel. 2.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering *writefile temp. Tcl recognizes the ASCII characters “( ) or . Go to the User1 page of the Macro menu.mac file into HyperMesh and use the macro 1. 11. This will go at the top of the file. Save this file as save. Set a variable called filename with the command set filename. The final macro will look like this. “and would interpret them incorrectly. 66 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .tcl in the working directory.

Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros 4. Enter a name for the file and select return. we introduced powerful new functionality into the macros using Tcl. We modified the macro created in Exercise 2 to prompt for the name of the input file. The file is saved to your working directory with the chosen name. Summary In this exercise. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 67 . the new filename was used in the command to save the file. Using the appropriate variable substitutions.

*beginmacro(macroJacob2) *createmark(elements. 5. This macro is similar to the Jacobian macro from the default Macro menu.”jacob."".hm file."none".0.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering Exercise 6: A macro that checks the model for elements having a Jacobian below a user specified value Create a macro that will check the Jacobian of the displayed elements.GREEN.mac file. Copy the entire macro under the button and change the name in the *beginmacro() command from macroElementJacobian to macroJacob2. Search the hm.16.2. but is interactive by prompting for the Jacobian check value.2) *plot() *endmacro() 6.1. 3."2D Element Jacobian") *displaycollectorwithfilter(components. Open the hm. Load the Jacobian_check.”macroJacob2”.undefined. *createbutton(4.1) to *createmarkpanel(elements.0.2.”Check Elements for Jacobian”. 2.mac file for macroElementJacobian.1) displayed *elementtestJacobian(elements.0. Change *createmark(elements.1. Step 1: Setup and create the macro 1.$1.0 ) *findmark(elements. Create a button to start the macro.1.0.”Jacobian2”. 68 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .10.tcl”) 4.2.”Select elements”).0.

0) *displaycollectorwithfilter(components. Step 2: Create the Tcl script Edit the jacob. Set a variable called jacobval with the command set jacobval.0. *elementtestjacobian elements 1 $1 2 2 0 "2D Element Jacobian" 2."none". The macro in the hm.1) *plot() *endmacro() 9. Cut the *elementtestJacobian command from the hm. 1. and then assign the value of the variable filename using the hm_getfloat command.tcl file in the following ways.undefined. This goes at the top of the file.0. 10. Please refer to Appendix A for the required arguments for this command.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros 7. 11.0. Save the hm.1) before the *plot() command."".mac file.mac file should look like this.”Select elements”) *evaltclscript($1.mac file and paste it into a new session of the text editor. *beginmacro(macroJacob2) *createmarkpanel(elements. Add the command *clearmark (elements. After the new *createmarkpanel command. Replace all the parentheses and commas from the lines with spaces. *evaltclscript($1.2. set jacobval [ hm_getfloat “Element Checking” “Jacobian <” ] Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 69 . add the command to evaluate a Tcl script.2) *clearmark (elements.0) 8.1.1.0) *findmark(elements.

3.mac file. 6. Enter the User1 page through the Macro menu. The finished Tcl script looks like this. Select the elements by displayed and click the middle mouse button. Enter . Click return.mac file in the options/menu config panel. A new panel will appear asking for a value to be entered. Substitute the $jacobval variable for the Jacobian test threshold ($1). set jacobval [ hm_getfloat “Element Checking” “Jacobian <” ] *elementtestjacobian elements 1 $jacobval 2 2 0 "2D Element Jacobian" Step 3: Load the new hm. 4.mac file into HyperMesh and use the macro 1. Select this button. 2. There will be a new button titled Jacobian2.HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering 3. 5. Only the elements that fall below the minimum Jacobian criteria value display. 70 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .tcl in the working directory.5 in the field. then save the file as jacob. Retrieve the hm. 7. Therefore the scripts can be modified over and over again with no need to reload the hm. This can be done before the Tcl file is written because HyperMesh only sees the command to read the script.

we modified an existing macro that uses the Jacobian test to check element quality to make it more powerful and flexible. and that input became the threshold value in the Jacobian check.Altair Engineering HyperMesh Macros Summary In this exercise. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 71 . We used Tcl used to introduce a user prompt.

HyperMesh Macros Altair Engineering 72 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .

The creation of the controls for macro page 5 and their functionality appears on the next page. "SetActivePage". 2. 0.Altair Engineering Appendix A Appendix A: HyperMesh Macro Menu Commands This appendix presents a sample macro file plus additional commands available. CYAN. "SetActivePage". 3) *createbuttongroup(0. "SetActivePage". Each button in turn calls a macro page of its own. 2. "4". CYAN. 5) Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 73 . 2. This section of the macro file defines the five buttons that appear above the quit button. 1) *createbuttongroup(0. 0. 0. 2. 4) *createbuttongroup(0. 0. 2) *createbuttongroup(0. "SetActivePage". Macro File Example This is a portion of the hm. 1. 1. Element Editing". 1. Fixed Points". Surfaces". # # Permanant buttons. 5) *setbuttongroupactivecolor(BLUE) *setactivegroup(0. Edges". CYAN. Mesh". 0. 0. 6. "Page 5. 0. "2". page 0 will always be displayed # *createbuttongroup(0. "5". 1. CYAN. "Page 2. 2. and thus its controls appear above the five macro page buttons. 2. 8. "Page 3. "1". "Page 1. "SetActivePage". 4.mac file. CYAN. "3". "Page 4. The last command of this section declares page 5 to be the active page. 1.

0. "Combine elements". 0) *createtext(5.065084) *window(3. "Disable the value". -0.640. GREEN. -314. 0. 2. 6. "Create an element". 5.274912. "off". 1. 2. "demos\bumper. -104.0.Appendix A Altair Engineering # # Page 5 # *createtext(5. "cleanup". 749. 0. 0. 3.168.hm") *createbutton(5.610303.278697. "EnterPanel". 672. 1.496086. "create". -0. 8.523310. "Combine") *createbutton(5.396.118473) *callmacro("EnterPanel") "geom cleanup" *endmacro() *beginmacro("EnterPanel") *enterpanel($1) *endmacro() *enablemacromenu() 74 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . 8. GREEN. 10.389.256943.126312. 0) *createbuttongroup(5.228101. 0) *createbutton(5.720170.000000. 371. GREEN. 8. 4. 0.688167. "Enter the Cad Cleanup panel". 0. "Enable the value". GREEN.155815. -0. 0. 6.660590. 1. "geom cleanup") *setactivepage(5) # # Macros # *beginmacro("SetActivePage") *setactivepage($1) *endmacro() *beginmacro("ReadBumper") *readfile($1) *viewset( 0. 1025. "Set". 0. 1) *createbuttongroup(5. 134.335103.000000.720170.000000. 10. "Elem Edit".617600. 0. 10. "ReadBumper". "Value". GREEN.837776. 8.000000.770903. "combine".594708. "on". 0. "Set".

1 = entities on Example Place elements 1 and 35 on mark 1. *appendmark() Description Syntax Add additional entities to a mark. separated by a space or comma. The id(s) of the entity to be added to the mark. and then add all elements of config type 104 to it. *appendmark(entityType. The *appendmark() command may also be followed by one of the options below: all displayed retrieve reverse "by comps" [ id or name ] "by id" id "by assems" [ id or name ] "by group" [ id or name ] "by config" [ id or name ] "by sets" [ id or name ] "by surface" id "by adjacent" "by attached" "by outputblock" [ id or name ] "on plane" x y x i j k tol plane touching plane: 0 = plane. *createmark(elements.1) 1 35 *appendmark(elements. The list must include the IDs and/or the collector names of the entities. markId) entityType markId The type of the entity to be added to the mark.1) "by config" 104 Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 75 . Comments A list of the entity IDs and/or the collector names must follow the *appendmark() command. 1 = normal of plane touching: 0 = entities touching.Altair Engineering Appendix A Command List The following pages contain an alphabetical list of available commands.

134.660590.594708. 0. 0.720170.Appendix A Altair Engineering *beginmacro() Description Start the definition of a Macro menu macro.000000. etc to specify where the arguments should be substituted. 0. 749.396. and set the view. 1. an error message displays when the macro executes.640. 0.155815.000000. 0.720170. Syntax *beginmacro(name) name The name of the macro to create.389.065084) *window(3.837776. Comments A macro may contain any valid command file command.hm") *beginmacro("ReadFile") *readfile($1) *viewset( 0. -0.GREEN.335103. -314.5.523310.168.118473) *endmacro() 76 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . 0. -104.228101. and not enough arguments are supplied in the controls definition. 1025. When optional arguments are specified for the button. -0. $2. you may use the variables $1.000000. 0.688167."ReadFile".0.770903.274912.278697.496086."Input". 0. *createbutton(5. 371."de mos\bumper.610303. When a macro expects variable arguments. 672.10.126312.000000.256943."input". Example Define a macro that will read in the passed filename ( $1 ). The createbutton and createbuttongroup commands allow you to specify the macro to call when the button is selected. -0.617600.

749.660590.688167. 672.837776.389. 1. 0.278697. -314.720170.065084) *window(3.396.617600. 134.118473) *callmacro("EnterPerfMode") *endmacro() Example Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 77 . -0.000000.610303. and set the view. *beginmacro("ReadFile") *readfile($1) *viewset(0. 0. … argn ] name The name of the macro to call. arg1 Optional arguments to pass to the macro Comments When no arguments are supplied. -0. *callmacro(name) [ arg1.256943. 0.168.274912.335103.000000.594708. 0. 371. -104. arg2. 0.640.155815. 0.720170. 1025.126312.496086.770903. 0.228101.Altair Engineering Appendix A *callmacro() Description Syntax Call a macro from within another macro. the arguments that were passed into the macro where the callmacro command was made will be passed to the named macro.000000. 0.000000.523310. -0. Define a macro that will read in the passed filename ( $1 ).

Specifying a row as a negative value causes the button to be placed above the next available row. COLOR. as in a set of state buttons. the button would fit down into the previous row. Optional arguments to pass to the macro arg1… Comments Specifying page 0 causes the control to appear on all pages. and the macro does not exist. Rows in the Macro menu start with row one being just above the menu bar. This allows you to place multiple buttons on the previous row. helpString. an error message displays when the control is selected. The text to display on the button.Appendix A Altair Engineering *createbutton() Description Syntax Add a button to the Macro menu. The row to place the button on. macroName The name of the macro to call when the button is selected. Specifying a row of 0 causes the button to be placed on the next available row.10 ) The width of the button ( max 10 ) The color of the button. *createbutton(page. if you passed row as –2. 78 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . For example. An error message displays if the control will cover an existing control. If a macro was specified in a control. then the button will be placed 2 rows above the next free row. and a text item was not on the row. name. and progresses upwards. macroName [ . The column to place the button at ( 1 . width. column. arg1 … ]) page name row column width COLOR The page number that the button is to appear on. row. it will fall down into it. plus the whole value of the row argument. helpString The string to be displayed in the menu bar when the button is depressed. One exception to this is that if because of the column placement.

0. 1.10. 1. 0."SetLightSource"."SetLightSource".5. 0. 3.0. on macro page 4. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 79 ."input". BLUE. 7. 0. 0."Create an element"."ReadBumper") The following statements create text and three buttons on 1 row above the next available row. -1. "light source upper center".0. "UC". "light source upper right". 1. "light source upper left". BLUE. 3.0) *createbutton(4.0) *createbutton(4. "Light Source:". "UL"."SetLightSource". "UR". 1. 1.0) *createtext(4.Altair Engineering Appendix A Button colors may be specified as one of the following: BUTTON RED BLUE ( default ) Example GREEN CYAN MAGENTA YELLOW The following statement creates a button on page 5 of the Macro menu. -1. 0).0.0. BLUE.0.0. *createbutton(4. 3. 1.GREEN. 1. *createbutton(5. with a text string above them. 4. 1.

The color of the button. width. group. macroName arg1 … 80 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . The row to place the button on. helpString. The column to place the button at ( 1 . row. The name of the macro to call when the button is selected.10 ). The string to be displayed in the menu bar when the button is depressed. column. Optional arguments to pass to the macro. name. The group id for the buttons. *createbuttongroup(page.Appendix A Altair Engineering *createbuttongroup() Description Syntax Add a button group to the Macro menu. macroName [ . arg1 … ]) page group name row column width color helpString The page number that the button appears on. The text to display on the button. The width of the button ( max 10 ). color.

an error message displays when the control is selected.Altair Engineering Appendix A Comments Specifying page 0 causes the control to appear on all pages.2."no". Rows in the Macro menu start with row one."Display".2. being just above the menu bar.6. An error message displays if the control covers an existing control. *createtext(3."ToggleDisp lay". Also."Yes". Button colors may be specified as one of the following: BUTTON RED BLUE (default) GREEN CYAN MAGENTA YELLOW Example The following creates a button group on page 3 of the Macro menu that allows you to toggle some setting.0) *createbuttongroup(3.GREEN. and progresses upwards.1) *createbuttongroup(3.1.1."ToggleDispla y".5."yes".5. refer to the createbutton command for information on button placement on the next available row.GREEN. If a macro was specified in a control and the macro does not exist.0) Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 81 ."No".5.8.

( 1 or 2) The message to display in the menu bar.1. *createlistpanel(entityType. surfaces. markId The id(s) of the entity to be added to the list. message Comments Example Nodes.Appendix A Altair Engineering *createlistpanel() Description Syntax Allows you to interactively select a list of entities. Place the selected nodes on list 1."Select the ordered nodes") 82 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . message) entityType The type of the entity to be added to the list. *createlistpanel(nodes. markId. and elements are the only entities which are currently supported on the *createlistpanel command.

*createmarklast(entityType. markId Example The id(s) of the entity to be added to the mark.3.2.42021977e-300.3.3.2.42021977e-300. and smooth them.3) *clearmark(elements.62637721e-308. The following macro allows you to select elements.1.0. 2.1.24.1. along with their two adjacent elements."select an element") *appendmark(elements.1) "by adjacent" *appendmark(elements.1) "by adjacent" *surfacemode(1) *defaultremeshelems(1.3877743e-300.1. markId) entityType The type of the entity to be added to the mark.1) *marksmoothelements(1.1. *beginmacro(macroReMeshElements2) *createmarkpanel(elements.2.30) *createmarklast(elements.Altair Engineering Appendix A *createmarklast() Description Syntax Place the entities from the last operation into a mark.1.1) *plot() *endmacro() Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 83 .

Appendix A Altair Engineering *createmarkpanel() Description Syntax Allows you to interactively select entities. *createmarkpanel(entityType. markId.1. *createmarkpanel(elements. ( 1 or 2 ) The message to display in the menu bar. Place the selected elements on mark 1. markId message Example The id(s) of the entity to be added to the mark."Select the elements") 84 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . message) entityType The type of the entity to be added to the mark.

5. Rows in the Macro menu start with row one being just above the menu bar. Example The following will create text on row 5 of page 3. column) page name row The page number that the text is to appear on. name. starting at column 0 of the Macro menu. The row to place the text on.Altair Engineering Appendix A *createtext() Description Syntax Add text to the Macro menu. "Display". column The column to place the text at ( 1 . 0) Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 85 . An error message displays if the control covers an existing control. *createtext(page. Also.10 ) Comments Specifying page 0 causes the text to appear on all pages. refer to the createbutton command page for information on text placement on the next available row. row. and progresses upwards. The text to display. *createtext(3.

*endmacro() Syntax 86 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .Appendix A Altair Engineering *endmacro() Description Ends the definition of a macro started with the *beginmacro() command.

panelName may be one of the following.Altair Engineering Appendix A *enterpanel() Description Syntax Enter the passed HyperMesh panel. ruled lines distance replace create nodes numbers contour files systems mask solid map constraints welds line edit springs rods joints deformed load types features super elems faces flux interfaces rename fd blocks find order change assemblies masses User Select translate organize delete edges hidden line color scale normals forces tetramesh velocities moments linear solid section cut rigids renumber temp nodes permute titles legend edit reparam vector plot position edit attrib xy plots data curves build menu tangents replay config edit linear 1d reflect edit element project rotate optimization count detach check elems length drag accels pressures safety circles bars line drag mass calc summary align node elem types sensor temperatures elem offset config selec axes transient collectors fillets solid mesh gaps entity sets Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 87 . it must be the last call made. other than mouse commands. Comments When you use this command in a macro. and an error message displays. *enterpanel(panelName) panelName The name of a HyperMesh panel to pass. All additional commands are skipped.

Appendix A Altair Engineering intersect dependency elem cleanup cones convert debug skin surface edit plane rigid walls output block objective rbe3 animate ellipsoid beam xsect temp_topo penetration dummy spotweld cut planes remap planes torus smooth defeature spin node edit apply result line mesh optimization Shape DV hidden line rigid body id offsets composites equations solver seatbelt airbag split card edit spheres spline geom cleanup automesh title edit surf lines cntl cards reorder topography load steps contour vector plot HyperBeam vectors line mesh fatigue topology Size DV Example *enterpanel(“geom cleanup”) 88 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .

*includemacrofile(filename) filename Comments The name of the macro file to include. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 89 . it allows you to create macros that may be plugged into the Macro menu.Altair Engineering Appendix A *includemacrofile() Description Syntax Include the contents of the passed macro file. This command allows you to specify the name of a macro file to be read in. When this command is used along with the new empty row arguments to the createbutton and createtext commands.

This command. allows you to move up and down the macro filename stack. Example 90 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . along with the prevmacrofile command. See the *pushmacrofile() command example.Appendix A Altair Engineering *nextmacrofile() Description Syntax Comments Read in the next macro file from the history stack. *nextmacrofile() The Macro menu maintains a stack of the names of the macro files sourced in from the HyperMesh menu config panel.

along with the *nextmacrofile() command. Example Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 91 . This command. allows you to move up and down the macro filename stack.Altair Engineering Appendix A *prevmacrofile() Description Syntax Comments Read in the previous macro file from the history stack. See the *pushmacrofile() command example. *prevmacrofile() The Macro menu maintains a stack of the names of the macro files sourced in from the HyperMesh menu config panel.

"prev".1.5. and by using the *prevmacrofile() and *nextmacrofile() commands. "next macro file"."prevMacroFile") *insertbutton(0. The Macro menu maintains a stack of the names of the macro files sourced in from the HyperMesh menu config panel.1. move up and down the macro filename stack.mac”) *pushmacrofile(“optimize.0. The following creates the next and prev buttons."nextMacroFile") *beginmacro("prevMacroFile") *prevmacrofile() *endmacro() *beginmacro("nextMacroFile") *nextmacrofile() *endmacro() *pushmacrofile(“metalform.YELLOW. This command allows you to push filenames onto the history stack. *insertbutton(0.5.mac”) Example 92 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering ."next".YELLOW. and push two additional macro filenames onto the history stack.5."prev macro file". *pushmacrofile(filename) filename Comments The filename to push onto the Macro menu history stack.Appendix A Altair Engineering *pushmacrofile() Description Syntax Push a filename onto the macro file history stack.

*setactivegroup(0. 0.Altair Engineering Appendix A *setactivegroup() Description Syntax Sets the default selection for a button group. The group id for the buttons. The button number in the group ( 1 – n ) Set the third button in button group 0. group. 3) Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 93 . on page 0 as active. index) page group index Example The page number that the button group appears on. *setactivegroup(page.

The default = 1. *setactivepage(page) page Example The page number that the button group appears on.Appendix A Altair Engineering *setactivepage() Description Syntax Sets the current displayed Macro menu page. Display the third page of the Macro menu. *setactivepage(3) 94 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .

0) Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 95 . *setbuttongroupactivecolor(color) color Comments The buttons’ color ( see below ) Button colors may be specified as one of the following: BUTTON RED BLUE ( Default ) GREEN CYAN MAGENTA YELLOW (HM 5.Altair Engineering Appendix A *setbuttongroupactivecolor() Description Syntax Sets the color for the Macro menu button groups’ current selection indicator.

Appendix A Altair Engineering 96 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .

including user-defined panels.2. and the ability to add logic to HyperMesh macro functions. $nodeId "y" 0 ].3 scripting language is embedded into the HyperWorks 4. may be accessed by adding the following lines to the hm. Tcl/Tk script files may be Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 97 . $nodeId "z" 0 ].Altair Engineering Appendix B Appendix B: HyperMesh Tcl/Tk Interface Overview Tcl (Tool Command Language) has a simple and programmable syntax and can be either used as a standalone application or embedded in application programs. Tk (Tool Kit) is a graphical user interface toolkit that makes it possible to create powerful GUIs quickly. As an example of this.0 release of HyperMesh to provide users the ability to develop custom scripted applications. The Model Information panel shown below. or by running a command file.mac file to create a button on the User1 page (4). print out each nodes id and XYZ values. the following lines of code will ask you to select a node. The Tcl/Tk v8. $nodeId is $nodeX Executing Tcl/Tk Scripts Tcl/Tk commands may be accessed either by creating a Macro menu button to call the Tcl/Tk script. if { ! [ Null nodeList ] } { foreach nodeId $nodeList { set nodeX [ hm_getentityvalue NODES set nodeY [ hm_getentityvalue NODES set nodeZ [ hm_getentityvalue NODES tk_messageBox -message "Node at id: $nodeY $nodeZ". } } *clearmark nodes 1 $nodeId "x" 0 ]. and if any were selected. *createmarkpanel nodes 1 "select node(s)" set nodeList [ hm_getmark nodes 1 ].

and nodal information. you may also set the environment variable TCL_INCLUDE to include a list of pathnames to search for your scripts prior to looking in the default location.7. By either double clicking on a component name.0) *endmacro() GUI Development Through Tcl/Tk you may also generate panels to allow you to gather information before processing.tcl") *beginmacro("EvalTcl") *evaltclscript($1.Appendix B Altair Engineering stored in a number of locations. The panels displayed below are used to browse the HyperMesh database for components. *createbutton(4. Selecting the component name will display the number of elements for that component in the message area. a list of elements for the selected component to be displayed."Display model info". or selecting the component name and clicking the elements icon. elements.0."EvalTcl"."controls."model nfo". You may continue this process to also generate a list of the nodes for the selected element.GREEN. 98 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . However. The default scripts directory is{altair home dir}/hm/{hmver}/scripts.10.

Altair Engineering Appendix B Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh 99 .

which is not available in the Tcl implementation. hm_answernext Description To force a yes/no answer to the next HyperMesh command.Appendix B Altair Engineering Additional HyperMesh Commands The following table lists the additional HyperMesh commands that allow Tcl/Tk users to access the HyperMesh database. but it must be be issued before the command you want to force the answer for. 100 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . Requests for additional functionality should be directed to Altair Support. Force HyperMesh to clear the database before reading in a model. hm_answernext value Example set filePath [ hm_getfilename "Select the filename to input" ] if { ! [ Null filePath ] } { if { [ file exists $filePath ] } { hm_answernext "yes" *deletemodel *readfile "$filePath" } else { hm_errormessage "The entered filename does not exist!" 2 } } Notes This command works in the same manor as the *answer() command in HyperMesh. Syntax where value "yes" or "no".

Altair Engineering Appendix B hm_complist Description Get a list of component names or ids for the current model. hm_complist listType set compNames [ hm_complist name ]. foreach name $compNames { set loc [ lsearch -exact $listNames $compName ]. Syntax where listType is either name or id. } } return -1. Example Find an id for the named component in compName. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh101 . Determines the type of list to generate. if { $name != -1 } { return [ lindex $compIds $loc ]. set compIds [ hm_complist id ].

id or type hm_elemlist listType compName compName The name of the component containing the elements. Example Generate a list of elements ids of type elemType for a named component. set elemList {}. Syntax where listType Type of list to generate. if { $curType == $elemType } { lappend elemList [ lindex $elemIds $i ]. set numIds [ llength $elemIds ]. for { set i 0 } { $i < $numIds } { incr i } { set curType [ lindex $elemTypes $i ]. } } return $elemList. set elemTypes [ hm_elemlist type $compName ]. set elemIds [ hm_elemlist id $compName ].Appendix B Altair Engineering hm_elemlist Description Get a list of element ids or types for the passed component. 102 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .

Altair Engineering Appendix B hm_errormessage Description Display an error message in the HyperMesh menu message area. The optional time to wait after displaying the message. hm_errormessage message [ waitTime ] Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh103 . Syntax where message waitTime The message to display in the HyperMesh menu message area.

0 . get the thickness of a component. set compT [ hm_getentityvalue COMPONENTS $compId “\$PSHELL_T” 0 ] 104 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . For example. make sure that you place a back slash in front of the dollar sign.return value is floating point number. 1 . *clearmark nodes 1 *createmarkpanel nodes 1 set nodeIds [ hm_getmark nodes 1 ] if { ! [ Null nodeIds ] } { set nodeId [ lindex $nodeIds 0 ] set xVal [ hm_getentityvalue NODES $nodeId "x" 0 ] set yVal [ hm_getentityvalue NODES $nodeId "y" 0 ] set zVal [ hm_getentityvalue NODES $nodeId "z" 0 ] tk_messageBox -message "Node $nodeId = $xVal $yVal $zVal" } Comments Please refer to the HyperMesh on-line documentation for the available template datanames. hm_getentityvalue entityType id valueString outputFlag Select and display a nodes XYZ value. The id of the entity.return value is a string. Template system data name. When using template system variable names for the dataname.Appendix B Altair Engineering hm_getentityvalue Description Get information for an entity using the HyperMesh template interface. Syntax where entityType Id DataName OutputFlag Example The type of the entity.

Altair Engineering Appendix B hm_getfilename Description Get a filename from the user using a HyperMesh file panel. set filePath [ hm_getfilename "Select the filename to input" ] if { ! [ Null filePath ] } { if { [ file exists $filePath ] } { *readfile "$filePath" } else { hm_errormessage "The entered filename does not exist!" 2 } } Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh105 . hm_getfilename message Get a filename from the user and input it. Syntax where message Example The message to display in the HyperMesh menu message area.

Syntax where caption Message Example The string to display to the left of the edit buffer.0 *translatemark components 1 1 $xDist } } 106 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .0 0.0 0. *createmarkpanel comps 1 set compIds [ hm_getmark comps 1 ] if { ! [ Null compIds ] } { set xDist [ hm_getfloat "X Dist" "Enter distance to move in X" ] if { ! [ Null xDist ] } { *createvector 1 1. The message to display in the HyperMesh menu message area.Appendix B Altair Engineering hm_getfloat Description Get a floating point value from the user using a HyperMesh panel. hm_getfloat caption message Translate selected components by a user entered value.

hm_getint caption message Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh107 .Altair Engineering Appendix B hm_getint Description Get an integer value from the user using a HyperMesh panel. The message to display in the HyperMesh menu message area. Syntax where caption Message The string to display to the left of the edit buffer.

Syntax where entityType markMask Example The type of the entity. if { ! [ Null elemList ] } { *deletemark elements 1 } 108 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . hm_markclear elements 1 *createmarkpanel elements 1 "select elements to delete" set elemList [ hm_getmark elements 1 ].Appendix B Altair Engineering hm_getmark Description Get the ids for the passed entity type on the passed mark mask. The mark mask ( 1 or 2 ) hm_getmark entityType markMask Select and delete elements.

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Appendix B

hm_getstring
Description Get a text string from the user using a HyperMesh panel. Syntax where caption message area. Example The string to display to the left of the edit buffer. The message to display in the HyperMesh menu message hm_getstring caption message

Delete a named component.

set compName [ hm_getstring "Component" "Enter the component name" ] if { ! [ Null compName ] } { if { [ lsearch -exact [ hm_complist name ] $compName ] != -1 } { *createmark comps 1 "$compName" *deletemark comps 1 } else { hm_errormessage "The component ’$compName’ does not exist!" 2 } } else { hm_errormessage "No component entered!" 2 }

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Appendix B

Altair Engineering

hm_markclear
Description Clear the ids for entity type from the passed mark mask. Syntax where entityType MarkMask Example The type of the entity. The mark mask ( 1 or 2 ) hm_markclear entityType markMask

Select and delete elements.

hm_markclear elements 1 *createmarkpanel elements 1 "select elements to delete" set elemList [ hm_getmark elements 1 ]; if { ! [ Null elemList ] } { eval *createmark elements 1 $elemList; *deletemark elements 1 }

110 Advanced HyperMesh

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Appendix B

hm_nodelist
Description Get a list of node ids for the passed element. Syntax where elemName The name of the element containing the nodes. hm_nodelist elemName

Example

Generate a list of node values for an element. [ hm_nodelist $elemId ];

set nodeIds

set numIds [ llength $nodeIds ]; set nodeValList {}; foreach id $nodeIds { lappend nodeValList [ hm_nodevalue $id ]; } return $elemList;

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Advanced HyperMesh111

Syntax where nodeId Example The id of the node. } return $elemList. set nodeIds set numIds [ llength $nodeIds ]. set nodeValList {}.Appendix B Altair Engineering hm_nodevalue Description Get the XYZ values for the passed node id. foreach id $nodeIds { lappend nodeValList [ hm_nodevalue $id ]. [ hm_nodelist $elemId ]. 112 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . hm_nodevalue nodeId Generate a list of node values for an element.

Altair Engineering Appendix B hm_redraw Description Redraw the HyperMesh window. Syntax hm_redraw Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh113 .

The optional time to wait after displaying the message. Syntax where message waitTime The message to display in the HyperMesh menu message area. hm_usermessage message [ waitTime ] 114 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering .Appendix B Altair Engineering hm_usermessage Description Display a message in the HyperMesh menu message area.

*createmarkpanel points 1 "select the points to replace" set ptIds [ hm_getmark points 1 ] set ptCnt 0. set y [ hm_getentityvalue POINTS $id "y" 0 ].Altair Engineering Appendix B Example Description The following code will cause any surface vertices marked with points within a specified tolerance. Altair Engineering Advanced HyperMesh115 .$px ]. to be coincidental. if { [ llength $ptIds ] != 0 } { set tol [ hm_getfloat "Tolerance:" "Enter the point tolerance" ] foreach id $ptIds { if { [ hm_entityinfo type POINTS $id ] == "vertex" } { set x [ hm_getentityvalue POINTS $id "x" 0 ].$py ]. if { $ptCnt == 0 } { set px $x. set pId $id } else { set dx [ expr $x . set dz [ expr $z . set dy [ expr $y . set pz $z. set dist [ expr sqrt(($dx * $dx ) + ( $dy * $dy ) + ( $dz * $dz )) ].$pz ]. set py $y. set z [ hm_getentityvalue POINTS $id "z" 0 ].

Appendix B Altair Engineering if { $dist <= $tol } { *clearmark points 1. } } } *clearmark points 1 116 Advanced HyperMesh Altair Engineering . } else { set pId $id. } } incr ptCnt. *createmark points 1 $id. set py $y. set pz $z. set px $x. *verticescombine $pId 1.

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