You are on page 1of 61

Dictionary of Metis Biography

Volume P
Edited and Compiled By Lawrence J. Barkwell

Pag, Alexandre. (b. 1831) Alexandre was born on August 4, 1831, at Saint-Boniface (Manitoba), t e son of !ose" #ag$1, a %renc -&anadian, and Agat e 'etendre, a M$tis. So(e ti(e before 18)*, e (arried Ad$la+de '$"ine, daug ter of !ean-Ba"tiste '$"ine and !ulie ,enr- and sister of A(broise-.-di(e '$"ine. S e was born on /o0e(ber 4, 1831 at Saint-Boniface and ba"ti2ed t e next da-. 3 e cou"le ad ele0en c ildren. Alexandre #ag$ was one of t e t ree delegates fro( Baie Saint #aul (Manitoba) to t e &on0ention of %ort- on 14 !anuar- 185* under t e 6iel go0ern(ent. 7n 5 7ctober 185), e a""lied for Manitoba Scri" at Saint-%ran8ois-9a0ier, w ere e was a far(er. 3 e ,onorable #ascal Breland signed is scri" a""lication as a witness. Ad$la+de '$"ine died 14 7ctober 18:4 at Saint-%ran8ois-9a0ier. Alexandre #ag$ is t e brot er of %ran8ois-9a0ier #ag$ w o was also a re"resentati0e to t e &on0ention of %ort-. Pag, Franois Xavier. (1833-1:11) %rancois 9a0ier foug t at t e Battle of t e ;rand &oteau. 3 is battle too< "lace between a Metis buffalo unting "art- fro( St. %ran8ois 9a0ier, led b- !ean Ba"tiste %alcon and t e &ut ,ead (#aba<sa) =an<tonai (> an<tonwanna), .a<ota, led b- & ief Medicine (Sacred) Bear, on !ul- 1) to 14, 18)1 %ran8ois 9a0ier #ag$ was born Ma- 3*, 1833 at St. %ran8ois 9a0ier. ,e was t e son of !ose" #ag$1 (b. 1583) and is second wife Agat e 'etendr$ (b. 15:*). %ran8ois9a0ier is t e brot er of Alexandre #ag$ w o was also a re"resentati0e to t e &on0ention of %ort-. %ran8ois 9a0ier (arried # ilo(?ne 'a0all$e, daug ter of %ran8ois 'a0all$e and !ose" te Morin. ,is wife was born 8 /o0e(ber 1843 at Saint-Boniface. 3 e cou"le ad fourteen c ildren. According to t e 6ed 6i0er 6elief &o((ittee, in 1845 9a0ier #ag$
1

Joseph Pag was born about 1783. He first married Marguerite Poitras (c.1785 18!"#$ then %gathe &etendre$ born about 17"'$ the daughter of Jean (aptiste &etendre and Josephte )*ree.+ ! !ose" #ag$ was born about 1583. ,e first (arried Marguerite #oitras (c.158)-181:), t en Agat e 'etendre, born about 15:*, t e daug ter of !ean-Ba"tiste 'etendre and !ose" te @&ree.A

ad one orse, t ree oxen and onl- ar0ested 4* bus els of w eat, suggesting t at e (ade is li0ing as a tri"(an for cart brigades. %ran8ois was one of t e re"resentati0es of Saint-%ran8ois-9a0ier to t e &on0ention of %ort- in !anuar- 185* at t e 6ed 6i0er. 7n 1: !anuar-, #ag$ was one of t e four (e(bers of t is con0ention (along wit A(broise-.-di(e '$"ine, !o n Sut erland and !o n %raser) w o went to find out if Billia( Mac3a0is still considered i(self t e go0ernor of Assiniboia. Mac3a0is res"onded t at e was de0oid of all aut orit- and strongl- urged t e for(ation of a new go0ern(ent. 6eturning to t e con0ention wit t is news, #ag$ raised t e (otion to ado"t t e #ro0isional ;o0ern(ent wit 'ouis 6iel as "resident, beco(ing a councilor of t e #ro0isional ;o0ern(ent w en it was for(ed. #ag$ was sent out as a scout for t e M$tis at t e a""roac of t e 6ed 6i0er Cx"editionar%orce and was arrested along wit %ran8ois-9a0ier .au" inais and #ierre #oitras on 14 August 185*. ,e was called u"on to testif- at t e trial of A(broise 'e"ine in 1854. 7n 8 7ctober 185), %ran8ois-9a0ier #ag$ a""lied for Manitoba Scri" at Saint%ran8ois-9a0ier. 7n t e a""lication, e listed i(self as a far(er. ,is wife died 1* A"ril 1883 at Saint-%ran8ois-9a0ier. Page, Mike. (b. 1:3:) Master Metis %iddler Mic ael #age was born !une 3*, 1:3:, t e son of !ean Ba"tiste #age3 and %rances %a-ant4 (b. 1851). ,is "arents ad 14 c ildren and were far(ers w o li0ed west of Belcourt and nort west of St. Ant on-Ds & urc . !o n B. #age was a fiddler w o anded down is (usical s<ills to is sons. Mi<e is (arried to .orot - A2ure #age (b. 1:4)).) Mi<e was featured on t e S(it sonian %ol<wa- &. Plains Chippewa/Metis Music from Turtle Mountain (1:84) and in t e docu(entar- fil( Medicine Fiddle (1::1). ,is " otogra" a""ears in Metis Legacy Vol. I (1**1), and an inter0iew a""ears in Metis Legacy Vol. II, (1**5).

Born August 1, 1854 at &-"ress ,ills, t e son of & arles Cdouard #age and /anc- 'andr-. & arles was born Marc 11, 1834 at St. %rancois 9a0ier. /anc- 'andr- was t e daug ter of 'ouis 'andr- and >sabelle & alifoux. 4 %rancoise %agnant was t e daug ter of Billia( %agnant and !ulia 'afontaine. ) 3 e daug ter of Al" onse A2ure and 6ose .elia 'a%ontain.

Mi<e #age (centre standing), 'awrence Bar<well (rig t standing) at Metisfest, >nternational #eace ;ardens, 1**:. >n t e boo<let t at acco("anies t e docu(entar- fil(, Medicine Fiddle, Mi<e sa-sE The Siou would say they couldn!t tell what a Metchif was" #ut when he played one of these $fiddles%" they &new he was a Metchif. 'ell my (ad" he was pretty old. )e remem#ers the #uffalo days" you &now. )e was pretty young at the time. )e said they!d lea*e and there!d #e the #and of them. They!d lea*e in the carts" the +ed +i*er Carts" and they!d always ha*e a *iolin there. May#e three or four" you &now. They always had music. ,ne of their fa*ourite tunes was the-+ed +i*er .ig./ that came from the late 0122s or may#e the middle of the 0122s. Some of them old guys" they!d ma&e up certain tunes for certain occasions. 'ell" (ad used to tell me of a certain fight they!d ha*e with some other Indians" or a #attle they got into and they!d get #ac& to camp and they!d ma&e up a tune a#out this #attle they had. )e used to play a tune there" when Louis +iel was fighting in Canada with the Metchifs" -Le 3ataille de 3atoche./ They had a certain name for it. ,r when hunting" some#ody would get the #iggest #uffalo" or whate*er it was" from these hunts" they!d ma&e up a tune a#out it. 'hen they!d get #ac& to camp" they!d all gather around and start playing. ,ne guy would compose a tune a#out this. It was 4ust on a *iolin. Li&e all my uncles played. They were playing this -le #oss"/ they called it. That!s where you!re #uc&ing with that other *iolin. That!s where I learned the music. From the old timers. 5nd they!d &eep time with their feet" li&e with -Soldier!s .oy./ 5 3

lot of them old guys wouldn!t stand. They always had to sit down" and they always had their feet going $clogging%. See" the Metchifs" the oldtimers" they used to play with a dou#le string. I don!t &now if you &now what a dou#le string is" #ut its more of a Ca4un. Its got the same #eat as the Canadians" #ut played with two strings. I don!t &now if it!s a harmony or what" #ut we play the same #eat and the same tunes as the Canadians" #ut played dou#le string. 5s far as I &now my music went #ac& throughout the years. 5nd the oldtimers" they used to stic& rattlesna&e tails in their fiddle. Ma&e them rattle. I don!t &now why they did that. Last year I played a *iolin in 3elcourt" here" and was wonderin why it was rattling. I loo&ed inside there and there!s a rattlesna&e tail. See that!s one part of the culture. 5 lot of them old fiddlers at that time" li&e my (ad" I remem#er he used to spit on the &eys" li&e this6 So they!d catch. 5ll the time your &eys would slip. That!s one of the #ad ha#its they had. )a67 Mi&e Page Turtle Mountain" Metis Musician

3 e #age fa(il- in front of t eir o(e. Mi<e is t e -oungest bo- "ictured. 6eferencesE 'ou<inin, Mic ael (.irector) Medicine Fiddle8 F" /ort %il(s and /ort ern Mic igan Fni0ersit-, MarGuette, Mic igan, 1::1.

3 ese "assages are fro(E /ic olasHroo(an, %ran< #oitra, %red Aller-, Mi<e #age and .orot - A2ure #age. @3ale of t e Medicine %iddleE ,ow a 3une Bas #la-ed and t e Metc if &a(e to Be.A >n !a(es #. 'ear- (Cditor)E Medicine Fiddle8 5 )umanities (iscussion 9uide. MarGuette, Mic iganE F" /ort %il(s and /ort ern Mic igan Fni0ersit-, 1::1E 1:-1:.

Hroo(an, /ic olas &urc in #eterson (Cditor). Turtle Mountain Music. /ational Cndow(ent for t e Arts, /ort .a<ota &ouncil on t e Arts, and %ol<wa- 6ecords, 1:84. 3 is boo<let w ic acco("anies t e (usic recording gi0es a brief introduction to 3urtle Mountain Mic if (usic, t e istor- of t e 3urtle Mountain Band and t e Hillage of Belcourt. >n a c a"ter entitled @Hiews fro( t e 3urtle MountainsA ("". )-1*) Hroo(an includes inter0iews wit Mic if Clders %rancis &ree, @IingA .a0is, Al0ina .a0is, .elia 'a %loe, %red #arisien, %red Aller-, Mildred Aller-, /orbert 'enoir, 6a- ,oule, Mi<e #age and .orot - A2ure #age. 3 e final c a"ter of t e boo<let gi0es descri"tions of t e songs, t eir cultural significance as well as t e l-rics. Hroo(an, /ic olas, %ran< #oitra, %red Aller-, Mi<e #age and .orot - A2ure #age. @3ale of t e Medicine %iddleE ,ow a 3une Bas #la-ed and t e Metc if &a(e to Be.A >n !a(es #. 'ear- (Cditor)E Medicine Fiddle8 5 )umanities (iscussion 9uide. MarGuette, Mic iganE F" /ort %il(s and /ort ern Mic igan Fni0ersit-, 1::1E 1:1:. Palud-Pelletier, Nelie. /Jelie is aut or of Louis" Fils des Prairies. (Binni"egE 'es Kditions des #lains, 1:84) and its Cnglis 0ersion, Louis8 Son of the Prairie. (Binni"egE #e((ican #ublications, 1::*). 3 e Manitoba Metis %ederation librar- as an original co"- of t e (anuscri"t of t is translation of t e 1:84 boo< in %renc . 3 is is a c ildrenDs stor-boo< of 6ielDs earl- -ears u" to t e age of fourteen, and it includes 6ielDs sister Sara and friends. .ail- routines of Metis life, buffalo unting and ga(es are detailed. 3 e Metis are "ortra-ed in a 0er- "ositi0e lig t. /Jelie was onoured wit t e title @&a"tain of t e Buffalo ,untA b- MM% in 1:8*. Pambrum, Isadore. (18)3-1:18) >sador was born at 'ac la Bic e in 18)3, t e son of #ierre &. #a(brun and BetsLuintal. ,e wor<ed for t e ,B& at %ort #itt and it was t ere t at e (arried >sabelle .ufresne. >sadore, >sa belle and t eir t ree daug ters were ta<en "risoner b- t e >ndians at %ort #itt during t e 188) 6esistance. After t e 6esistance >sadore wor<ed as a guide and inter"retor for t e /.B.M.#. at Battleford.5 #a(bru( #ierre &. !r. (1814-1:*1) #ierre !r. born at 'esser Sla0e 'a<e, was t e (ixed-blood son of ,B& & ief 3rader #ierre & r-sologue #a(bru( Sr. and &at erine @Iitt-A ,u(" r-0ille. #ierre !r. was educated at Macallu(Ds Sc ool in 6ed 6i0er and beca(e a ,B& a""rentice "ost(aster in 1841 after successfull- ser0ing for a nu(ber of -ears as a cler<. %or a ti(e e dro""ed out of t e ser0ice to beco(e a free trader and reMoined t e co("an- in is later -ears. >n 1814, #ierre (arried Cli2abet Luintal at 'ac 'a Bic e.

.ouglas B. 'ig t, Footprints in the (ust. /ort Battle-fordE 3urner-Barwic< #ublications >nc., 1:85E 1)8.

3wo of #ierreDs brot ers ser0ed briefl- as labourers and is brot er Andrew .o(iniGue was a ,B& cler< at /e2 #erc$. >n 1858, #ierre retired to Battleford and was one of t e original (e(bers of t e Battleford >nfantr- &o("an- in 185:. during t e Metis 6esistance of 188), #a(brun was accidentall- wounded in t e guard roo( at Battleford b- a fellow o(e ;uard (e(ber. As a result is ar( ad to be a("utated.8 Pangman, !ostonaise" Peter #r. (15:1-18)*) Bostonaise #ang(an was born in t e Sas<atc ewan 6i0er Halle-, t e son of a notorious and colourful /ew !erse- born fur trader, #eter #ang(an, and Bewegi<abawi< (Marguerite-Ang$liGue), is &ree wife. ,e was (arried to Marguerite Suteuse and t ead eig t c ildren. ,e is belie0ed to a0e ad one son fro( a "re0ious (arriage. As a /ort Best &o("an- trader, e tra0eled constantl- t is t e (aMor influence in BostonaiseD life was is (ot er. A s<illed unter, is orse(ans i" and unting s<ills were recogni2ed earl- on and e was offered a "osition wit t e /B& at age fifteen. ,owe0er, e "referred t e Metis @free(anA life of unting buffalo in t e #e(bina region. >n 7ctober of 1811, Bostonaise wor<ed for & ief 3rader !o n Mc'eod Sr. w en t etra0eled u" t e 6ed 6i0er to establis a "ost at t e for< of t e 3urtle 6i0er ("resent da;rand %or<s). B en #eter %idler too< o0er at t is location, e refused to gi0e t e "ro(ised eGui"(ent to #ang(an and Bostonaise left t e ,B& ser0ice. >n 1811, Bostonaise saw t e beginning of conflict between t e ,B&, t e Sel<ir< Settlers and t e Metis w en t e settlers occu"ied traditional Metis unting territor-. %or two winters, t e Metis "ro0isioned t e colonists wit bison (eat. ,owe0er, t is ended in 1814 wit t e i("le(entation of ;o0ernor Miles Mc.onnellDs #e((ican #rocla(ation, an atte("t to reser0e t e resource for t e settlers. 3 is action united t e Metis buffalo unters, and #ang(anDs deter(ination to resist t e restrictions was furt er reinforced w en Mc.onnell ad i( arrested for unting buffalo. 3 is also agitated t e /B& e("lo-ees and t e- urged t e Metis to destro- t e colon-, w ic t e- al(ost did on two occasions. B- !une of 181), t e- were de(anding t at t e settlers lea0e t e area. Metis treatter(s drawn u" b- &ut bert ;rant, Bostonais #ang(an, Billia( S aw and Bon o((e Montour (t e four @& iefsA of t e Metis) and were acce"ted b- !a(es Sut erland and !a(es B ite on be alf of t e colonists on !une 1), 181). 7ngoing tensions e0entuall- led to t e end of t e "eace and t e Battle of Se0en 7a<s in 1814, w en t e Metis, wit out #ang(an, deci(ated a grou" of colonists w o confronted t e( w ile t e- were crossing %rog #lain nort of t e settle(ent. #ang(anDs alf-brot er !ose" #elletier, also <nown as @Assiniboine,A did ta<e "art in t e Se0en 7a<s Battle and later soug t conciliation between t e grou"s b- dealing wit &a"tain dD7rsonnens, leader of t e Swiss (ercenaries broug t in b- 'ord Sel<ir< to reta<e t e colon-. SubseGuentl-, 'ord Sel<ir< and & ief #eguis atte("ted to sign a treat-. 3 is angered #ang(an since e belie0ed t at as Aboriginal "eo"le t e Metis ad eGual rig t to t e land and its resources. >t is belie0ed t at #ang(an told t e Saulteaux & ief t at if e (ade a treat- wit Sel<ir<, wit out Metis in"ut and consent, t e Metis would forcibl- ex"el t e #lains 7Mibwa- fro( t e area. Bostonaise #ang(an, &ut bert ;rant and ot er Metis
8

.ouglas B. 'ig t, Footprints in the (ust. /ort Battle-fordE 3urner-Barwic< #ublications >nc., 1:85E 145.

resistance fig ters e0entuall- stood trial in F""er &anada for t eir actions. 3 e- were acGuitted. Bostonaise #ang(an was an earl- Metis nationalist w o onl- used force w en absolutel- necessar- and e did so to "reser0e is "eo"leDs wa- of life. ,e was o0ers adowed in istor- b- ot ers suc as &ut bert ;rant. Bostonaise is an unrecogni2ed Metis ero. ,e died at St. %rancois 9a0ier on Marc 4, 18)*. Pa$uette, Pierre. (15:4-1834) #ierre was born at St. 'ouis, Missouri, t e son of !ean Ba"tiste #aGuette, a trader wor<ing out of Mac<inac and ,o-a-(e-no-<au, a daug ter of B ite &row, t e & ief of t e 6oc< 6i0er Band of Binnebago. #aGuette was a Metis trader, scout and inter"reter. >n 1818, #aGuette establis ed an A(erican %ur &o("an- "ost at t e "ortage between t e %ox and t e Bisconsin 6i0ers. %or se0eral -ears e o"erated as an agent for !ose" 6olette of t e A%&o. !ose" Ds brot er 'aurent 6olette wor<ed as #aGuetteDs cler<. #aGuette inter"reted for t e ,o& un< at t e treat- councils in t e 183*s following t e Blac< ,aw< Bar. At t e reGuest of t e Binnebagos e recei0ed land as "art of t eir 1831 treat- agree(ent. ,e was fluent in %renc , Binnebago, Cnglis and se0eral ot er Aboriginal languages. ,e was a go0ern(ent scout during t e battle of Bisconsin ,eig ts and later ser0ed as an inter"reter for ,enr- .odge. ,e was assassinated b- Mau2e(one<a (>ron Bal<er) during treat- negotiations in 7ctober,1834. #aGuette was <nown for is " -sical si2e and strengt as well as is "ersonal integrit-. ,e was six-foot two and 14* "ounds, and it was said t at e could carr- an 8**"ound barrel of lead and once lifted a orse clear off t e ground. #ierre was (arried to 3 erese #eltier dit Anta-a of #rairie du & ien. S e was t e ste"daug ter of !ose" &relie. 3 e- ad four c ildren. ,e later (arried er alf-sister %lorence &our0ille.3 e town of #o-nette, Bisconsin is na(ed after #ierre (a (iss"elling of #aGuette) Parent, Pierre Pig%s &'e." (c. 1555-1844) 3 is ,alf-Breed w is<e- trader is credited wit founding St. #aul, Minnesota w en e located is trading establis (ent t ere in !une of 1838. 3 e 0illage was originallcalled #igs-C-e but was officiall- rena(ed in 1841. 3 e Minnesota #ioneer, re"orted t at t e #riestDs in0ocation wasE #igs C-e, con0erted t ou s alt be, li<e St. #aulN Arise and be encefort , St. #aul. #arent was born at Sault Ste. Marie, Mic igan, is fat er and t ree uncles were furtraders. ,e a""arentl- wor<ed for t e & oteauOMcIen2ie interests and was stationed at #rairie du & ien, ;reen Ba- and St. 'ouis. %ro( 1831 on e o"erated a nu(ber of w is<e- s o"s in >owa and on t e ban<s of t e Mississi""i 6i0er in t e St. #aul area. Parent, (oger) M*A 6oger #arent was first elected to t e Sas<atc ewan 'egislature in t e 1*11 "ro0incial election.

#rior to entering "olitics, 6oger was a business consultant wor<ing wit a 0ariet- of organi2ations de0elo"ing aboriginal businesses around t e "ro0ince. 6oger s"ent o0er 1* -ears "rior to aboriginal business de0elo"(ent in "roMect (anage(ent and tec nical ad0isor in eGui"(ent and building ser0ices. ,e is a graduate of S>AS3 in (ec anical engineering tec nolog- and a graduate fro( t e Fni0ersit- of Sas<atc ewan in Business Ad(inistration. 6oger also graduated fro( #urc asing Manage(ent Association of &anada at t e Fni0ersit- of Sas<atc ewan. ,e as been in0ol0ed wit se0eral initiati0es wit in t e co((unit-, including &anadian institute of Manage(ent, #urc asing Manage(ent Association of &anada, S6C.A Aboriginal Ccono(ic .e0elo"(ent co((ittee, t e Sas<atoon ,o(elessness >nitiati0e "artners i", and (ost recentl- as a board (e(ber for t e Sas<atc ewan ,ousing &or"oration. #ro0inciall- 6oger as been on t e board of directors for t e Sas<atc ewan Ccono(ic .e0elo"(ent Association, &ouncil for t e Ad0ance(ent of /ati0e .e0elo"(ent 7fficers, Action Sas<atc ewan Su((it co((ittee, /ort ern A""rentices i" co((ittee and t e /ort ern 'abour Mar<et co((ittee. Parenteau, Alexandre. (b. 184)) Alexandre was t e son of !ose" .odet #arenteau and Ang$liGue ;odon. ,e (arried # ilo(ene #atenaudein 1844. >n t e 185*s t e- li0ed in Batoc e but in t e 188*s t ewere li0ing at Battleford. Alexandre "ro0ided 'ouis 6ielDs &ouncil wit scouting. Parenteau, Angli$ue +,odon-. (1818-18:1). AngeliGue was born ca. 1818 at St. Boniface, t e daug ter of 'ouis ;odon and 'ouise (Assiniboine). S e died on 14 %ebruar- 18:1 at Batoc e, age 54. 3 e uge #arenteau clan was dee"l- in0ol0ed in t e 6esistance. Se0en of er sons, t ree sons-inlaw and t ree grandsons were in0ol0ed in t e 6esistance. ,er brot er-in-law #ierre #arenteau was & air(an of 6ielDs council and er sister in law was Marie Anne &aronN fi0e of er sons and ste"sons were 6esistance fig ters. AngeliGueDs great grandsonDs ;ar- and 6and- #arenteau were to beco(e "residents of t e Metis Settle(ents of Alberta ;eneral &ouncil.

#arenteau c ildrenN !ean Ba"tiste was (arried to .u(ontDs sister #elagie, @#etitA 'ouis was (arried to Susanne ;rant, ;abriel was (arried to AngeliGue 'a0erdure, 6osalie was (arried to # ili""e Cl2ear ;arie"-, Alexandre was (arried to # ilo(ene #atenaude, Cli2a was (arried to ,enr- S(it , !udit was (arried to >sidore .u(ont, 6a" ael was (arried to ,enriette S(it , Agnes was (arried to #ierre 'a0erdure, >sidore was (arried to !udit #lante, Csdras was (arried to Clise %is er, and 6ose was (arried to !o n 6oss.

Parenteau, .aniel. (183:) .aniel was born at 6ed 6i0er, t e son of #ierre #arenteau and !ose" te .elor(e. .aniel was c arged wit treason felon- for is 6esistance acti0ities but on August 4, 188) was disc arged b- Magistrate 6ic ardson. ,is brot er #ierre !r. and #ierreDs two sons were also acti0e in t e 6esistance. Parenteau, .onn'. 3 is Metis countr- and western (usic star was born and raised in #rince Albert, Sas<atc ewan. ,e started "la-ing fiddle at age fifteen. .onn- toured for 11 -ears wit t e /eal Mc&o- Band. #rior to t at e "erfor(ed "rofessionall- wit ;rant and Sean &arson and at age 1: toured wit t e( across &anada, Cngland, Scotland and Bales. >n 1::* e returned to #rince albert and beca(e (e(ber of t e :um#er ,ne 'est Show. >n 1::1 e Moined /eal Mc&o- as a fiddle and (andolin "la-er and (o0ed to /as 0ille, 3ennessee. ,e as a""eared at t e 9rand ,le! ,pry, :ash*ille :ow, Prime Time Country and on t e Tonight Show wit !a- 'eno. ,e retired fro( /eal Mc&o-Ds Band in 1**1 and returned to #rince Albert to "ursue is own record deal. Since t en is band as "la-ed all o0er Sas<atc ewan and t e- a0e "la-ed at Batoc e .a-s. >n 1**3 e was t e featured "erfor(er at t e Manitoba Metis %ederation 3)t annual ;eneral Asse(bl-. .onn- is a lifeti(e (e(ber of t e Sas<atc ewan &ountr- Music Assocation. >n 1**3 e won t e S&MA fiddlist of t e =ear. #re0iousl- e was awarded t e >nternational ,u(anitarian Award and t e Merit Award. Parenteau, &lie. (b. 183)) Clie #arenteau was t e son of !ose" #arenteau and Su2anne .aigneault. ,e (arried Marie Beriault, t e daug ter of !ose" Beriault and >sabelle .u0al in 1841 at St. Boniface. ,e t en (arried %rancoise 'edoux, t e daug ter of Cusebe 'edoux and 'ouise .esMarlais in 1848 at St. %rancois 9a0ier. 'astl-, e (arried Marguerite 'afournaise, t e daug ter of ;abriel 'afournaise and Susanne &ollin so(eti(e before 1854. >n 1858, Clie was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. Parenteau, ,abriel. (1835-1:**) "

;abriel was born at 6ed 6i0er, t e son of !ose" .odet #arenteau and AngeliGue ;odon. ,e (arried AngeliGue 'a0erdure was a (e(ber of &a"tain >sidore .u(ontDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Parenteau, Isidore. (b. 18)1) >sidore was t e son of !ose" .odet #arenteau and Ang$liGue ;odon. ,e (arried !udit #lante at St. Boniface on !une 4, 185*. .uring t e 188) 6esistance >sidore #arenteau and 'ouis 'etendr$ were sent to t e Battle 6i0er district to enlist >ndian reinforce(ents. Parenteau, #ean !a/tiste. (b. 1831) !ean was born at St. /orbert, t e son of !ose" .odet #arenteau and Ang$liGue ;odon. ,e (arried #$lagie .u(ont in 18)8, ;abriel .u(ontDs sister. ,e was a "lains buffalo unter w o wintered near 3ourondDs &oulee wit t e ot er Metis traders and unters. Cac s"ring e would ta<e furs to sell in Binni"eg and return to 3ourondDs &oulee in t e fall. 3 e fa(il- settled in St. 'aurent (6i0er 'ot 3*) in 1851. ,e was a (e(ber of 6ielDs Cxo0edate and foug t at Batoc e. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain Ba"tiste Bouc erDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. ,e was wounded during battle. ,e was not tried for t ese acti0ities as e esca"ed to Montana. Parenteau, #ean !a/tiste. (b. 18)8) !ean Ba"tiste was born at Sas<atoon, t e son of Ba"tiste #arenteau and #$lagie .u(ont. >n 1854 e (arried Clise & a("agne. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain &alixte 'afontaineDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Paranteau, #ose/0 1r. (b. 1553) !ose" #arenteau and Su2anne @&riseA 6ic ard we (arried according to t e custo( of t e countr- so(eti(e before 18*). !ose" was t e fat er of !ose" .odet #arenteau and #ierre #arenteau (see below). Paranteau, #ose/0 .odet. (b. c. 181*-18:*) !ose" was t e son of !ose" #arenteau Sr. and Su2anne 6ic ard. ,e (arried AngeliGue ;odon c. 183*. ,e was "art of t e original 1851 St. 'aurent on t e Sout Sas<atc ewan go0erning co((ittee. Man- of t eir c ildren were in0ol0ed in t e Metis 6esistance of 188). Parenteau, #udit0 +.umont-. (b. 1845) !udit was t e daug ter of !ose" .odet #arenteau and Ang$liGue ;odon. S e (arried >sidore .u(ont !r., ;abrielDs eldest brot er, and was one of t e eroines of Batoc e in 188). Parenteau, #udit0 +Plante-.

1'

!udit was t e daug ter of Antoine #lante and Ang$liGue .u(ont. S e (arried >sidore @Babas A #arenteau, (b. 18)1) at St. Boniface on !une 4, 185*. 3 e- t en settled in St. 'aurent w ere t eir first c ild was born t e following -ear. >sidoreDs older sister !udit was (arried to ;abriel .u(ontDs brot er also na(ed >sidore. .uring t e 188) 6esistance >sidore #arenteau and 'ouis 'etendr$ were sent 11* (iles on snows oes to t e Cagle ,ills in t e Battle 6i0er district to enlist Assiniboine reinforce(ents. >sidore was one of t e (en w o rode to reinforce t e fig ters at 3ourondDs &oulee. >n t e written accounts of t is battle e is referred to as @le /oir #arenteauA. ;abriel .u(ont re"orted t at >sidore arri0ed wit a bugg-, a Sioux warrior and a alf-barrel of "owder. After t e defeat at Batoc e Ba"tiste #arenteau, >sidore #arenteau, #atrice !ose" %leur-, Cdouard .u(ont and !ean .u(ont all Moined t e S"ring &ree< Metis Band in Montana. >sidore and !udit #arenteau e0entuall- settled in %lat ead territor- in Montana at t e St. >gnatius Mission. >sidore and !udit returned to Batoc e w ene0er t e- could. 3 eir son !ose" died in Batoc e in 18:* and t e fa(il- was included in t e &anadian &ensus of 18:1. >sidore also s"ent t e su((er of 18:3 at is old o(estead in Batoc e. >n is clai( to t e 6ebellion 'osses &o((ission e stated t at e ad lost is entire o(estead, a log ouse, two stables, a fenced "asture for fi0e orses and fourteen ead of cattle. !udit Ds grandson, .DArc- Mc/ic<le beca(e a ;uggen ei( %ellow in 1:43, t e first Metis to recei0e t is onour. 'ater, e was to ser0e as t e founding director of t e /ewberr- 'ibrar-Ds &enter for t e ,istor- of t e A(erican >ndian, w ic was later na(ed after i( as t e .DArc- Mc/ic<le &enter. ,e is belie0ed to a0e been t e first Metis uni0ersit- "rofessor to teac in Sas<atc ewan. ,e was a founding (e(ber of t e /ational &ongress of A(erican >ndians. 3wo buildings are na(ed in is onourN 3 e /ewberr- 'ibrar- .DArc- Mc/ic<le &enter for /ati0e A(erican ,istor- and t e .DArcMc/ic<le 'ibrar- at t e Salis Iootenai &ollege, %lat ead >ndian 6eser0ation, Montana. Parenteau, *eon &sdras. (b. 18)4) Csdras was born at #e(bina t e son of Mose" dodet #arenteau and AngeliGue ;odon. ,e (arried elise fis er and li0ed at .uc< 'a<e. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain Ba"tiste Bouc erDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Parenteau, *ouis. (b. 1841) 'ouis was born at St. /orbert, t e son of #ierre #arenteau and Marie Ann &aron. 'ouis (arried 6osalie 'etendreat Batoc e in 1885. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain Cdouard .u(ontDs co("an-, one of t e 1: co("anies led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Parenteau, Petit *ouis". (183)-18:*) #etit 'ouis #arenteau was born at St. /orbert, t e son of !ose" .odet #arenteau and Ang$liGue ;odon. ,e was t e brot er of !ean Ba"tiste, ;abriel, 6a" ael and 'eon Csdras, all acti0e in t e 6esistance. >n 18)4 at #e(bina e (arried Su2anne ;rant. 3 ewere buffalo unters but li0ed at .uc< 'a<e. 3 e- ad ele0en c ildren. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain >sidore .u(ontDs co("an-, one of t e 1: co("anies led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance.

11

Parenteau, Mat0ias. (b. 1845) Mat ias was t e son of #ierre #arenteau (b. 1843) and ,elene /or(and (b. 1841 at St. /orbert), e was born at 6ed 6i0er on /o0e(ber 1, 1845. ,e (arried 'e0ina @Al0inaA Bouc er (b. /o0. :, 1853) t e daug ter of !ean Ba"tiste Bouc er Sr. and &aroline 'DCs"erance. #arenteau was 'ouis 6ielDs guide and cart dri0er during t e 188) 6esistance. ,is brot er #atrice foug t in t e 6esistance and is listed below. ,is fat er was <illed during battle at %is &ree<. 'ater, Mat ias wor<ed as a guide for 6ed 6i0er carts tra0elling fro( %ort ;arr- to t e Battlefords and to &u(berland ,ouse. Parenteau, Mo2se. (1844-18:*) Mo+se was t e son of #ierre #arenteau and !ose" te .elor(e. ,e (arried H$roniGue St. ;er(ain. 3 e- li0ed at St. /orbert, Bood Mountain and (o0ed to St. 'aurent on t e Sout Sas<atc ewan in 1881. ,e was a follower of 6iel in t e 188) 6esistance and was a (e(ber of &a"tain Cdouard .u(ontDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. ,e ser0ed a one--ear gaol sentence wit ard labour as a result of is "artici"ation in 188). Parenteau, Na/olean. (b. 18)8) /a"ol$on was born at St. /orbert, t e son of #ierre #arenteau and Marie Ann &aron. ,e (arried 6osalie .ubois in 1855 at St. Agat e. 3 e- li0ed at LuDA""elle and Batoc e. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain Auguste 'afra(boiseD co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. ,is fat er #ierre was & air(an of 6ielDs 14 (an &ouncil (Cxo0edate) at Batoc e during t e 188) 6esistance. #arenteau, #atrice. (184)-18:*) #atrice was t e son of #etit 'ouis #arenteau and Su2anne ;rant. ,e was acti0e wit is fat er and older brot er in t e 6esistance. ,e died on %ebruar- 14, 18:* at .uc< 'a<e. Parenteau, Patri3e. (b. 1845) #atrice, born at St. /orbert, was t e son of #ierre #arenteau (b. 1843) and ,elene /or(and (b. 1841 at St. /orbert). ,e (arried # ilo(ene Hallee and t e- li0ed at St. /orbert t en at Batoc e. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain &alixte 'afontaineDs co("an- one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. ,is fat er was <illed during battle at %is &ree< Parenteau, Plagie +.umont-. (0<=>?0<@A%. #$lagie was t e daug ter of >sidore dit Cca"ow (A--sa-"ow) .u(ont and 'ouise 'afra(boise. S e was ;abriel .u(ontDs sister. #$lagie (arried !ean Ba"tiste #arenteau (b. 1831) on August 4, 1831 at St. /orbert. S e was one of t e eroines of Batoc e. !ean Ba"tiste and is brot er Abra a( recei0ed ,alf Breed Scri" "ursuant to t e 1844 3reat- wit t e 6ed 'a<e and #e(bina Bands of & i""ewa >ndians. >n 185) t erecei0ed scri" stubs for 14* acres, Scri" P 441 for Abra a( and P443 for !ean Ba"tiste.

1!

3 is was a "lains buffalo unting fa(il- w o in subseGuent -ears wintered near 3ourondDs &oulee wit t e ot er Metis traders and unters. Cac s"ring t e- would ta<e furs to sell in Binni"eg and return to 3ourondDs &oulee in t e fall. 3 e fa(il- settled in St. 'aurent (6i0er 'ot 3*) in 1851. Ba"tiste was one of ;abriel .u(ontDs closest friends. &loutierDs Mournal notes t at !o n- was one of t e fig ters at .uc< 'a<e (Hol. 1, ". 55). .ean 3aptiste was a mem#er of +iel!s B o*edate and fought at 3atoche. )e was a mem#er of Captain 3aptiste 3oucher!s company" one of the 0@ di2aines led #y 9a#riel (umont during the 0<<> Metis +esistance. )e was wounded during #attle. )e was not tried for these acti*ities as the family escaped to Montana. The Parenteau family along with those of 3aptiste Parenteau" Isidore Parenteau" Patrice .oseph Fleury" Bdouard (umont and .ean (umont 4oined the Spring Cree& Metis 3and in Montana. .ean 3aptiste is #uried at St. 5ntoine de Padoue Cemetery. #elagieDs usband was wounded in t e fig ting. ,er son, !ean-Ba"tiste !r. (b. 18)8) was wounded during battle. Before t e fig ting began #$lagie told %at er %our(ondE If the police come I will spear them" me. I will treat them li&e the #uffalo of the prairie" spear" and put the meat in thin slices to dry.@ 3 ree of #$lagieDs daug ters were (arried to 6esistance fig tersN 'ucie (arried Abra a( Montour, Marie #$lagie (arried .a(ase &arri?re, and 6osalie (arried # ili""e ;arie"-. #$lagie died on !anuar- 1*, 18:1 at )4 -ears of age. S e is buried at St. Antoine de #adoue &e(eter-, Batoc e. Parenteau, P0ilomene Isk4esis +Patenaude-. # ilo(ene #atenaude was t e daug ter of Mic el #atenaude and !ose" te Bourassa. S e (arried Alexandre #arenteau in 1844 at St. !ose" . >n t e 185*s t e- li0ed in Batoc e but in t e 188*s t e- were li0ing at Battleford. ,er sister Marie was (arried to AlexandreDs older brot er !ose" . >n A"ril of 188), s e acco("anied er usband "art wa- during is scouting ex"edition to Battle 6i0er on be alf of 6iel. At t e telegra" > saw t irt- (soldiers) in t e distance, and w en > got t ere > counted t e trac<s. 3 ere > saw two blan<ets, one blue and one w ite. /earer to (e > saw one, e was alone and was fl-ing as fast as e could go. > (ade for t e ri0er, got down t e ills, and tet ered (- orse in so(e s(all (a"les. >t is t ere > left (fa(il-. And w en > left t e( > ca(e and ca("ed in t e sand buttes a little wa- fro( t e ca(", and in t e (orning > got on to" of t e butte and saw MiddletonDs ca(" on t is side of t e ri0er. 3owards e0ening -esterda- > left t e "lace. > wanted to cross t e
:

!ournal of Abb$ &loutier t-"escri"t , Hol. 1, "age 3, translation b- 6ose-Marie &are-, #ar<s &anada, Batoc e ,istoric Site.

13

road in t e o"en in order to reac a gro0e. M- wife beca(e faint and we crouc ed down t ere. 3 e- did not see us. 3 ence > went to Mr. BelangerDs.02 Parenteau, Pierre. (1815-18:4) #arenteau Sr. and is &ree wife Susanne. #ierre was well <nown a(ong is conte("oraries as a s<illful unter in t e great Metis buffalo unts. ,e first (arried !ose" te .elor(e (b. 1813) and t e- ad two c ildren. ,e t en (arried Marie McMillan in 184) and in 18)* (arried Marie Anne &aron. 7ne of is daug ters was (arried to %ran8ois 9a0ier 'etendr$ dit Batoc e. #ierre once owned "art of t e land u"on w ic t e 6iel fa(il- finall- settled in St. Hital. #ierre was a (e(ber, and t e & air(an of 6ielDs 14 (an &ouncil (Cxo0edate) at Batoc e during t e 188) 6esistance. A trusted friend and "olitical all- of 'ouis 6iel, #arenteau ad been acti0e in t e struggle for Metis self-deter(ination since t e da-s of t e 184: 6esistance in Manitoba. At t at ti(e e was an influential (an, e was a !ustice of t e #eace at St. /orbert and was elected as a delegate to t e &on0entions of 184:-5*, w ic discussed t e for(ation of a "ro0isional go0ern(ent at 6ed 6i0er. ,e was elected a &a"tain of t e Metis troo"s in 1851 and wor<ed to re"el t e %enian in0asion. B en 'ieutenant-go0ernor Arc ibald 0isited 6ed 6i0er in 7ctober of 1851, #arenteau, along wit A(broise '$"ine and 'ouis 6iel, were c osen to be "resented to Arc ibald as re"resentati0es of t e Metis "eo"le. >n reaction to t e "olitical situation at 6ed 6i0er, #ierre i((igrated to t e St. 'aurent-Batoc e area so(eti(e "rior to 188). 7n August 14, 188), at 6egina, e was sentenced to se0en (ont s i("rison(ent for is "art in t e 188) 6esistance. ,e was 48 -ears old w en sentenced. >n is testi(on- of August 13,188) at t e 6egina trial %at er Alexis Andre sa-sE @#ierre #arenteau > a0e <nown since > (et i( in t e 6ed 6i0er Settle(ent, now Manitoba, since 1841. ,e is a (an of about 51 (sic) -ears of age, and as ele0en c ildren, and since > first <new i( as been a (an of "eace, one w o was re(ar<able for t e good influence e exerted o0er t e "eo"le of is race and <indred, w o, w en on t e "lains in da-s now "assed, a leader of is "eo"le e "re0ented (an- a blood- deed between >ndian tribes and alf-breeds, and alwa-s was on t e side of "eace and order. 3 is good (an was (isled b- t e wil- 6iel telling i( t at t e -ounger (en of is race reGuired t e soot ing and "acif-ing influence of t e old friend and counselor of t eir forefat ersN t at it was is dut- to beco(e a leader or counselor a(ong t e "eo"le in t eir "eaceful efforts to secure t eir rig ts... 3 is "oor old (an was borne on b- t e a""eal to is eart and conscientiousl- did w at e t oug t was rig t. ,e was not in conscience or in fact guilt- of an- ;od and (an toda-, alt oug in a felonDs cell, an onest (an. 3o <ee" suc an aged and res"ectable (an as t is an- longer in "rison (ust be to stri<e at t e eart of Mustice and render t e law a t ing of scorn. ,is ouse as been burned down and all is orses and so(e of is cattle are lost or stolen.A (&S#, 1884, Hol. 13, ". 381383) Parenteau, Pierre #r. (1841-188)) #ierre was born at 6ed 6i0er, t e son of #ierre #arenteau and !ose" te .elor(e. ,e was (arried to ,elene /or(and. 3 e- li0ed at St. /orbert t en at Batoc e. ,e foug t
1*

&S#, Hol. 113, /o. 43, "". 14-15.

1,

during t e 6esistance of 188) and was <illed at %is &ree<. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain Antoine 'afontaineDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. 3wo of is sons, #atrice and Mat ias, were also acti0e in t e 6esistance. Parenteau, 1t. Pierre. (1841-188)) #ierre was born %ebruar- 13, 1841 at St. Boniface, t e son of !ean Ba"tiste #arenteau and #$lagie .u(ont. ,e (arried Marie Anne /olin t e daug ter of & arles /olin and Marie Anne ,arrison on A"ril 1, 1883 at St. Antoine de #adue, Batoc e. ,e was ;abriel .u(ontDs ne" ew. &loutierDs Mournal notes t at St. #ierre was one of t e fig ters at .uc< 'a<e (Hol. 1, ". 55). ,e also foug t, was s ot in t e face and <illed at 3ourondDs &oulee on A"ril 14, 188). Clie .u(ont goes to see #ierre #arenteau w o is dead. ,e ta<es i( b- t e ead and t en calls Anderson o0erN t e latter el"s i( re(o0e #arenteauDs coat. Clie "uts it on. 3 e collar was full of blood. #arenteau ad been s ot blow t e e-e. >n t e "oc<et Clie .u(ont finds a "i"e, a c un< of tobacco, and so(e (atc es. ,e starts s(o<ing t e "i"e.11 ,is brot er !ean-Ba"tiste !r. was wounded during t is battle. St. #ierre was a (e(ber of &a"tain Antoine 'afontaineDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Parenteau, (a/0ael. (1848-1:1)) 6a" ael was born at #e(bina t e son of !ose" .odet #arenteau and AngeliGue ;odon. ,e (arried ,enriette S(it at St. 'aurent. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain Antoine 'afontaineDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Parenteau, (osalie +,arie/'-. (b. 1835) 6osalie was born at 6ed 6i0er, t e daug ter of !ose" .odet #arenteau and Ang$liGue ;odon. S e (arried # illi"e ;arie"- and was one of t e eroines of Batoc e in 188). S e (elted down t e lead linings of tea tins to (a<e bullets. Parenteau, 1amuel. Sa(uel was a (e(ber of &a"tain >sidore .u(ontDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;ianes led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Parisien, Augustin . (b. 181*) Augustin was born in 181*, t e son of &laude Bona0enture dit 'eger #arisien 11 and >sabelle ('i2ette, a & i""ewa).

11 11

S,M, 3*-3).

Born 7ctober 1), 15)5 in Haudreuil, Luebec, t e son of !ean Ba"tiste 'eger dit #arisien and Marie Cli2abet 'a(ot e dit Brabant.

15

Augustin as been identified as one of 6ielDs soldiers at %ort ;arr- during t e 185* 6esistance. ,e was allegedl- one of t e (en in t e firing sGuad for t e execution of 3 o(as Scott. 7n Marc 4, 185*, Scott was con0icted, sentenced to deat and executed b- a firing sGuad in t e court-ard of %ort ;arr-. Augustin, according to witnesses did not fire is round. Augustin #arisien, one of t e six soldiers, declared o"enl- t at e would not s oot at ScottN and, in fact, e too< off t e ca" fro( is gun before t e word of co((and Q@"resentAQwas gi0en. 7f t e fi0e balls re(aining onl- two it t e "oor 0icti(, one in t e left s oulder, t e ot er in t e u""er "art of t e c est abo0e t e eart.13 Augustin was first (arried to 3 erese .uc ar(e, t e- ad one son, #ascal b. 181* at St. /orbert. ,e t en (arried 'ouise Hi0ier and t e- ad six c ildren born between 183: and 1844. >n 1848 e (arried AngeliGue Mc# erson (b. 181*), t e daug ter of ;eorge Mc# erson and AngeliGue 6acette according to t e custo( of t e countr- in 1848. 3 e cou"le was enu(erated in t e #e(bina census of 18)* as fa(il- P 115E e was listed as a unter age 4:. AngeliGue and Augustin ad at least ele0en c ildren between 1848 and 1843. Parisien, &l5ear. (b. 184:) Cl2$ar was born at #e(bina, t e son of ,-acint e #arisien and Marguerite 'etendr$ dit Batoc e. ,e (arried Madeleine 'arance, daug ter of Basile 'arance and Agat e >roGuois at St. Boniface. 3 e- li0ed on t e "lains and wintered at St. !ose" , Bood Mountain and Batoc e. Cl2$ar was a (e(ber of &a"tain &orbet %la(antDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Cl2$ar was acti0e as a scout and fig ter. 7n A"ril 11, 188) e recei0ed a 0ote of t an<s fro( t e &ouncil for reconnaissance at &lar<eDs &rossing (Sout of 3ourondDs &oulee). 3 is scouting acti0it- was to re"ort on MiddletonDs "rogress nort wards. Cl2$ar was "art of t e last stand in t e gra0e-ard trenc es at Batoc e wit Cdouard .u(ont, # ili""e ;ari$"-, t e two 'a0all$e brot ers and one &ree. Parisien, Fred &. (b. 1:14) Mic if (usician %red #arisien is t e son of !oe C. #arisien and Mar- St. Ann Cnno. ,e was (arried to t e late Ma0is Bil<ie. ,is Mic if songs can be eard on t e S(it sonian %ol<wa-s &., @#lains & i""ewaOMetis Music fro( 3urtle Mountain.A (Bas ingtonE S(it sonianO%ol<wa-s 6ecordings, &enter for %ol<life #rogra(s and &ultural Studies, 1::1.) Parisien, #ose/0. (183)) !ose" #arisien was t e son of ,-acint e #arisien and !ose" te &arri?re. ,e (arried Marie 3 o(as t en # ilo(ene #arisien t e daug ter of Bona0enture #arisien and Marguerite Saulteaux on %ebruar- 4, 1851 at St. /orbert. >n 1858, !ose" was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. !ose" and # ilo(ene li0ed at .uc< 'a<e and !ose" is s own as /o. S 11 on t e 3reat- #a-list of Beard-Ds 6eser0e in 1884. (6; 1*, Annuit- #a-lists, 1883-1885. 3reaties 4, 4 and 5,
13

New York Times dated) A/ril 66, 6789

1-

.a0id 'ee. @3 e Metis Militant 6ebels of 188).A Canadian Bthnic Studies, 99>, 3, 1:8:E 11, 1:. ) Parisien, #ose/0. (b. 1845) !ose" #arisien was born in 1845 in St. Boniface, t e son of !ose" #arisien Sr. and Marguerite 'a0allee Martin. ,e (arried Marguerite ;arie"-, t e daug ter of Bona0enture ;arie"- and Madeleine 'arocGue, in 1851 at 'ebret. 7n Se"te(ber 5, 1854, e was one of 3* Metis at %ort Bals w o sub(itted a "etition, on be alf of t e Metis of t e four districts of Assiniboia to Moin 3reat- 4. ,e also signed "etition for a Metis reser0e in Montana, sent b- 'ouis 6iel to ;eneral /elson A. Miles, August 4, 188*. Parisien, *aventure. 'a0enture was a St. /orbert far(erN e recei0ed R1,*** in da(ages for t e s ooting deat of is son /orbert (see below). Parisien, Norbert. (1814-185*) /orbert was a resident of St. /orbert. >n %ebruar- of 185*, t e #ortage ;ang of 6iel o""onents led b- 3 o(as Scott and MaMor Boulton (ortall- wounded i(. 3 e grou" ad co(e in fro( #o"lar #oint, ,ig Bluff and ,eadingle- to free "risoners eld at %ort ;arr-. 3 e- first searc ed t e o(e of ,enri &outu, 6ielDs cousin, in a searc for 6iel. /ot finding i(, t e- went on to Iildonan. At dus< on %ebruar- 1), t e (en ca"tured /orbert, w o t e- called a @Metis s"-.A /orbert, w o was re"uted to be intellectuallslow, was at t e ti(e, on is wa- o(e fro( sawing wood. /orbert was eld o0ernig t, in t e cold, under t e "ul"it of t e Iildonan & urc . B en e was led out of t e c urc in t e (orning under guard e snatc ed a gun off t e seat of a wagon and ran awa-, across t e 6ed 6i0er ice. !o n Sut erland a""ened to be riding down t e ri0er w en /orbertN fearing ca"ture s ot t e gun, (ortall- wounding Sut erland. 3 e #ortage ;ang s ot and caug t /orbert. As MaMor Boulton re"orted, w en e caug t u" wit t e grou" @t e- were andling i( se0erel-.A ,e ad been struc< on t e ead wit an axe, is feet were tied wit a sas and e was being dragged down t e ri0er b- anot er sas tied around is nec<. !o n Sut erland died t e next (orning and ad begged t e grou" not to ar( #arisien, as e was a @si("le fellow w o ad acted out of frig t.A /orbert died a lingering deat on A"ril 4, 185*. >t was onl- t roug MaMor BoultonDs inter0ention t at e was not l-nc ed. Pas3al +(ondeau- :at0erine *ena . (b. !ul- 18, 184:) &at erine was t e ;rand-daug ter of & ief 'ittle S ell >>. &at erine was born on !ul- 18, 184:, t e daug ter of Madeleine 'ittle S ell and .an #ascal ((arried in 181:). &at erine (arried !ose" 6ondeau (d. 1:*5) on !une ), 1844 at %ort ;arr-. !ose" recei0ed Metis Scri" in 1853. 6ondeau, !ose" !r. S6.'. Scri" P:4T /ational Arc i0es, 6; 5), Cntr- 343, U'ist of #ersons to B o( Scri" was >ssued under 6ed 'a<e V #e(bina 3reaties ...U ,alfbreed Scri" /o. :4 issued

17

%ebruar- 11, 1853, under t e Aut orit- of Secretarial .ecision, !une 11, 1851N deli0ered %ebruar- 11, 1853 /ational Arc i0es, 6; 5), Cntr- 344, U3reat- of A"ril 11, 1844, 6ed 'a<e and #e(bina ,alf-Breeds,U Scri" Stubs, /u(ber :4 Sc ec<edT, dated %ebruar- 11, 1853, 14* Acres, deli0ered %ebruar- 11, 1853, issued to !ose" 6ondeau, !r., deli0ered to Agent C.#. S(it 9rand For&s )erald, A"ril 18, 1:3). #e(bina /ort .a<otaE >n t is istoric border 0illage li0es Mrs. &at erine 'ena 6ondeau, 84 -ears old, granddaug ter of 'ittle S ell (>>), noted & ief of t e 3urtle Mountain & i""ewa in t e earl- alf of t e nineteent centur-. S e was born in a te"ee on t e site of .unseit , /ort .a<ota on !ul- 18, 184:, and er life as s"anned t e long "eriod fro( t e late ex"loration era to t e "resentN s e li0ed t e life of an >ndian (aid until s e was well along in er teens and in t at ti(e er diet was confined al(ost exclusi0el- to "e((ican. 3 ese facts cloa< er earl- life wit ro(ance and (a<e er (e(or- a ric store ouse of infor(ation about t at "eriod. S e also as (e(ories of %at er Belcourt in w ose ouse s e li0ed at Bal alla in t e 18)*Ws. U=es, > was born in a te"ee (ade of buffalo ides.U 3 ere was not ing around .unseit t en but scattered >ndian lodges. UBuffalo were nu(erous t ere w en > was a little girl. 'ater > went to li0e wit (- grandfat er, & ief 'ittle S ell, near Bal alla. M- "arents went out on t e buffalo unts eac fall. Be ne0er ad to go fart er t an 6olla to get all we wanted.U WM- (ot er, was a daug ter of 'ittle S ell. ,er Cnglis na(e was Madeleine. S e ad an >ndian na(e w ic > a0e forgotten. M- fat er was .an #ascal, a Luebec %renc (an. M- fat er was awa- a great deal unting and tra""ing and wor<ing as a 0o-ageur and (ot er and > li0ed in grandfat erWs lodge. >n t e >ndian ca(" we subsisted al(ost entirel- on "e((ican, alt oug in su((er we would find wild turni"s and so(e ot er wild 0egetables and berries. 3 e & i""ewa ad li0ed better (an- -ears earlier in Minnesota but, dri0en out onto t e "rairies and into t e 3urtle Mountains. 3 e- de"ended on t e buffalo for food, clot ing and s elter as t e Sioux did. U> ad not tasted "otatoes, tea or coffee, sugar, "e""er, (il<, or butter until we went to %ort Abercro(bie at t e ti(e of t e &i0il Bar w en > was about 14 -ears old. %at er Belcourt set u" a flour (ill at Bal alla in 18)4 and w ile > (ust a0e eaten so(e of t e bread (ade fro( t is flour > do not re(e(ber it. > <now t at t e fine, w ite bread we ad at %ort Abercro(bie see(ed (ar0elous to (e.U

18

Mrs. 6ondeau t in<s er grandfat er, 'ittle S ell, died w en s e was about four -ears old. ,e <new deat was i((inent and arranged for &at erine enter t e o(e of %at er Belcourt. %ortunatel- er (ot er, Madeleine, was able to acco("an- er as ouse<ee"er UBut t ere wasnWt (uc ouse<ee"ing to be doneU &at erine c uc<led. U3 e "riest li0ed in a tin- log ouse wit out an- floor and "iles of buffalo robes and blan<ets ser0ed as beds. /earb- was a larger log structure w ic ser0ed as a (ission and sc ool. >t stood on a slig t e(inence Must west of Bal alla. 3 ere about )* (ixed bloods and >ndian c ildren were taug t catec is( and t ere were so(e si("le sc ool lessons. > attended t is sc ool and > re(e(ber t at %at er Bel-court was assisted b- two nuns. All t ree were %renc and as t ere were (an- %renc (ixed bloods a(ong us, (ost of us <new t at language but t e "riest and t e two sisters ad (astered t e & i""ewa language alsoU. 3 e records s ow t at %at er Belcourt about t is ti(e erected a (ission building 18 b- )* feet wit a full base(ent in w ic e li0ed. Mrs. 6ondeau re(e(bers t is structure but asserts t at t e ot ers also existed. Mrs. 6ondeau recalls %at er Belcourt as a <indl-, acti0e (an, w o tra0eled about a great deal (inistering to is >ndian c arges. At t at ti(e t ere was little contact wit t e older A(erican settle(ents. !ose" 6olette and Anton ;ingras, w o ad o"ened a store in St !ose" , now Bal alla, /or(an B. Iittson, & arles &a0ileer, B. ,. Moor ead and ot ers (ade tri"s to St #aul and St Ant on- b- oxcart or dog tea( but t ere was no stea(boat traffic on t e 6ed 6i0er until 18): and little until t e 5*Ws.

1"

B en Mrs. 6ondeau was a girl, >ndians and (ixed bloods sold furs at %ort ;arr-. Binni"eg did not exist t en. But t e- could obtain little in t e wa- of su""lies, c iefl- guns and a((unition, alt oug (an- >ndians still used bows and arrows. 3ri"s to %ort ;arr- were (ade wit oxcarts and tra0ois, t e latter being a "ole, one end attac ed to a "on-Ws side and t e ot er dragging on t e ground. %reig t to be carried was attac ed to t e "ole ig enoug to clear t e ground. %at er Belcourt was recalled to eastern &anada in 18): and t e &at erine returned to t e >ndian ca(". A few -ears later s e acco("anied er "arents to %ort Abercro(bie w ere t e wonders of ci0ili2ation were unfolded before er in a startling arra-. Ul could ardl- belie0e (- e-es w en t e clot es and dis es and food of t e w ite wo(en were s own to (eU Mrs. 6ondeau confided. U>t was all so unreal to (e t at > was bewildered for a w ileU. Mrs. 6ondeau ex"lained t at t e seasonWs st-les did not interest >ndian (aidens of er ti(e. S e said t e wo(en and girls in t e ca(" at w ic s e li0ed wore waists and s<irts and so(eti(es a one "iece gar(ent of woolen clot wo0en in a for( si(ilar to blan<et (aterial. 3 e >ndians <new not ing of t e art of <nitting and wo(enWs stoc<ings were leggings (ade of t e blan<et-li<e (aterial. At first t e leggings were wra""ed wit stri"s of ide or clot and later buttons were obtained fro( t e w ites. Moccasins and beads co("leted t e costu(e, exce"t on certain occasions w en gail- decorated s<in suits were worn 3 ere was a -oung %renc 0o-ageur at t e fort fro( Montreal after a suitable courts i" t e- were (arried at t e fort !une ),1844, b- %at er !enn- and went to li0e on a clai( ta<en b- t e -oung usband on t e & e-enne 6i0er about 1* (iles west of %argo. After a few -ears t e usband beca(e blind. %ift--eig t -ears ago t e cou"le (o0ed to #e(bina and t ere Mrs. 6ondeau su""orted er usband and "ro0ided for er c ildren b- was ing and "erfor(ing ot er (enial tas<s. 6ondeau died 18 -ears ago. 7f t e 11 c ildren onl- four are li0ing - Mrs. 'uc- Blondin, Mrs. &aroline Bou0ette and 3 o(as, of #e(bina, and .an, .e0ils 'a<e. Mrs. 6ondeau ad one brot er, %ran< w o li0ed in t e >ndian ca(", and t ree alf-brot ers, 3 eodore, !ose" and 'ouis. S e is t e onl- one of t e c ildren li0ing. SourceE 3 e Bou0ette %a(il- BebsiteN tt"EOOwww.bou0ette.co(Ofa(il-O#AS&A' &at erine 'ena 184:O Patenaude, :ut0bert. (1838) &ut bert was born at S%9, t e son of Mic el #atenaud and Marguerite X e2 egweweg (7Mibwa-). &ut bert later (arried Marie #ic e (b. 1841), t e daug ter of

!'

'ouis #ic e and & arlotte ;ent on-.au" inais on %ebruar- ), 1841 at S%9. 3 is fa(ilwere (e(bers of 'ittle S ell and 3urtle Mountain Band, alt oug struc< fro( t e rolls in 18:1. @&orbette #acnaudA was one of t e Metis struc< fro( t e 3urtle Mountain Band 6ollsE /ational Arc i0es, 6ecord ;rou" 5), S"ecial &ase 11*, Cx ibit UBUE 'ist of na(es stric<en off fro( t e 6olls as "arties not entitled to t e benefits of a 3reat- wit t e 3urtle Mountain & i""ewa SSe"te(ber, 18:1T. &ut bert foug t at t e Battle of t e ;rand &oteau. 3 is battle too< "lace between a Metis buffalo unting "art- fro( St. %ran8ois 9a0ier, led b- !ean Ba"tiste %alcon and t e &ut ,ead (#aba<sa) =an<tonai (> an<tonwanna), .a<ota, led b- & ief Medicine (Sacred) Bear, on !ul- 1) to 14, 18)1 Patenaude, Mi30el. (1831) Mic el was born at S%9, t e son of Mic el #atenaud and Marguerite X e2 egweweg (7Mibwa-). ,e later (arried 3 erese #ic e (b. 1835), t e daug ter of 'ouis #ic e and & arlotte ;ent on-.au" inais on !anuar- 1*, 18)5 at S%9. ,e did recei0e Metis scri" under t e #e(bina and 6ed 'a<e 3reat-E ,A'%B6CC.UY'A/.YS&6>#E /ational Arc i0es, 6; 5), Cntr- 344, U3reat- of A#6 11, 1844, 6ed 'a<e and #e(bina ,alf-Breeds,U Scri" Stubs, /u(ber 118 Sc ec<edT, dated !F' 1)t , 1853, 14* Acres, deli0ered !F' 14t , 1853, issued to Mic ael #ac<naud, sent to Agent .ouglass. 3 is fa(il- was "art of t e 'ittle S ell Band and were "aid annuities in 184) and 1844E #atnode, Mic ael S1844-5T A//F>3=E M,S fil( M-3:* (6oll 3), F.S. & i""ewa Annuit- 6ollsE #e(bina Annuit- 6oll, Ais anceWs Band, 184)E)5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .- 1 (an, 1 wo(an, ) c ildren R 3) "aid #e(bina Annuit- 6oll, 'ittle S ellWs Band, 1844E3O11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .- 1 (an, 4 c ildren R 11.)*"d >n 18:1, Mic el was one of t e Metis struc< fro( t e 3urtle Mountain Band 6ollsE /ational Arc i0es,E /ational Arc i0es, 6ecord ;rou" 5), S"ecial &ase 11*, Cx ibit UBUE 'ist of na(es stric<en off fro( t e 6olls as "arties not entitled to t e benefits of a 3reatwit t e 3urtle Mountain & i""ewa SSe"te(ber,18:1T. Mic el foug t at t e Battle of t e ;rand &oteau. 3 is battle too< "lace between a Metis buffalo unting "art- fro( St. %ran8ois 9a0ier, led b- !ean Ba"tiste %alcon and t e &ut ,ead (#aba<sa) =an<tonai (> an<tonwanna), .a<ota, led b- & ief Medicine (Sacred) Bear, on !ul- 1) to 14, 18)1 Paul, !ernard. (b. 1848) Bernard was born at St. %rancois 9a0ier, t e son of !ean Ba"tiste #aul and AngeliGue ;odon. ,e (arried Marie ;er0ais at St. %rancois 9a0ier and (arried Marguerite 3rottier at .uc< 'a<e. ,e was a &a"tain of one of t e 1: co("anies led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. #aul, !ose" te (3ourond). (1831-1:18) !1

!ose" te was t e daug ter of !ean Ba"tiste #aul and Ang$liGue ;odon. ,er brot er Bernard is listed abo0e. S e (arried !ose" 3ourond and was one of t e eroines of Batoc e. Paul, Paulet Poulet." (18*3-18))) 3 is Metis tri"(an was in0ol0ed in t e =or< Boat Brigades and t e fur trade of t e 181*s. 'egends sur0i0e of is great " -sical "rowess. ,e was s ot and <illed near %ort Cd(onton, b- t e e("lo-ee of anot er tri"(an w o was Mealous of is re"utation and wanted is "lace as a guide. Manitoba istorian !o n !. ;unn describes #aul as followsE ,e was a giant in stature and strengt , beardless but s oc<- eaded and blac< as CrebusN wit a 0oice li<e t under and a (anner as bluster- and boisterous as Marc , e-es li<e an eagle and a "air of fists as ea0- and once at least, as deadl- as cannonballs. 3 is was on a ti(e w en two Stone- >ndians wa-laid and atte("ted to rob i( of t e orse on w ic e was riding. B en t e different brigades (et at =or< %actor-, and t e Guestion of w ic could "roduce t e best (an, ca(e to be (ooted o0er a regal of ,udsonDs Ba- ru(, e was e0er t e first to stri" to t e waist and stand fort to clai( t e onour for t e Blaireau... Suc encounters, off- and at first no doubt, and a0ing t eir ins"iration in t e ru( <eg, ca(e to be a recogni2ed institution of t e tri"... Mic ael 'a(bert was t e darling of t e 3aureaux... 3 e- li<ed #oulet because e was a ard (an to beat, but t e- adored Mic ael because e could beat #oulet... 3 en too, t ere was !i((- S ort, ot erwise <nown as & e<a( w o could "ut u" an ugl- fig t... ,e too ad stood u" for t e onour of t e 3aureaux against #oulet, but onl- to be <noc<ed out. Still e ad li0ed to tell t e tale and t at alone was an onour not to be des"ised.14 #aulet was ba"ti2ed at t e age of fift- b- %at er 'aco(be on Marc 15, 18)3. At t e sa(e ti(e, e @officiall-A (arried !ose" te As<-<ate"is<a< (b. 15:5). 3 e "aris records at 'ac Ste. Anne also s ow t at #aulet ad two sons, !ean born in 1841 and .aniel born on 7ctober 31, 184). !o nn- later too< treat- as a (e(ber of #ass"assc iaseDs band near Cd(onton. ,e later too< Metis scri" w en t e band lost its land (for t e land loss storsee t e entr- under 'awrence ;arneau). +eference %oster, !o n C. @#aulet #aulE M$tis or Z,ouse >ndianD %ol<-,ero.A Manito#a )istory, :, 1:8)E 1-5. Paul, Paul. (1841-1888). #aul was born at S%9, t e son of 7li0er #aul and Madeleine ;er0ais. ,is "aternal grand"arents were %rancois #aul and Marguerite ;rant.

1,

!.!. ;unn, Bchoes of the +ed, 3orontoE Mac(illan &o., 1:3*E )4. Blaireu (Badgers, actuall- Braireu in Mic if) was t e na(e of t e F""er Sas<atc ewan 6i0er boat brigade, 3aureaux (Bulls), t e %renc na(e for containers of #e((ican, was t e na(e of t e 6ed 6i0er brigade w ereas t e 'a 'oc e brigade was <nown as #oisson-blanc, or B ite fis (after w at t e- carried for "ro0isions).

!!

#aul foug t at t e Battle of t e ;rand &oteau. 3 is battle too< "lace between a Metis buffalo unting "art- fro( St. %ran8ois 9a0ier, led b- !ean Ba"tiste %alcon and t e &ut ,ead (#aba<sa) =an<tonai (> an<tonwanna), .a<ota, led b- & ief Medicine (Sacred) Bear, on !ul- 1) to 14, 18)1 Pelletier, +Pello30e- Alexandre. Alexandre #elletier was t e son of !ose" #elletier and 'ouise St. .enis. ,e (arried 6ose 6oss born !une 4, 18)5 at St. %rancois 9a0ier. 6ose was "re0iousl- (arried to ;regoire Bills. Alexandre was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. Scri" &ertificate /o. :41 %or( A for R14* in fa0our of Alexandre #elletier. #elletier, AlexandreN eir to is deceased sonsN !o n, bornE 1883 at # easant &ree<N diedE 1* Ma-, 1884N >srael, bornE August, 188) at # easant &ree<N diedE : %ebruar-, 1884N addressE %ile ,illsN fat erE Alexandre #elletier (M$tis and de"onent)N (ot erE 6ose 6oss (M$tis)N scri" cert.E for( %, no. 51, !o n #elletierN scri" cert.E for( %, no. 54, >srael #elletierN file ref. ::)):1 on :441*3N clai( no. 433. #elletier, AlexandreN eir to is deceased daug ter, Marie 'ouise #elletierN addressE .unseit N bornE 1858 at Bood MountainN fat erE Alexandre #elletier (M$tis and de"onent)N (ot erE &aroline Bru-ere (M$tis)N diedE /o0e(ber or .ece(ber, 185:N scri" cert.E for( ., no. :41N clai( no. :4). Pelletier, Alexis. (1813) Alexis #elletier was one of t e t irt- Metis fro( %ort Bals w o "etitioned to Moin 3reat- %our on Se"te(ber 3, 1854. Alexis #elletier was born circa A"ril 1813 at St. Boniface, t e son of & arles #elletier (b. 1588) 1)and Susanne Bercier. ,is "arents were enu(erated at #e(bina in t e 18)* census as %a(il- P :*. & arles is listed as a unter. Alexis (arried 'ouise ,oule, daug ter of Antoine ,oule and !ose" te 'au2on, on 15 !anuar- 1843 at St. %rancois 9a0ier. 3 e- ad ten c ildrenE
1)

Hirginie, born 1843, (arried Mic el St. .enis. 3 erese, born 1848, died 18)4. %rancoise, born 18)*, (arried Boniface 6oc ebla0e t en & arles 7uelette. Marguerite, born 18)1, (arried !ose" Bo-er. 'ouise, born 18)3, (arried &ut bert Batson. Marie, born 18)4, (arried & arles ,arrison. !ulie, born 18)8, (arried Billia( Bradle-. 6osalie, born 184*, (arried #aul 'e0eille. C(elien, born 1844, (arried &aroline 'afra(boise. # ilo(ene, born 184:, died as an infant.

,e died .ece(ber 18, 18)3 at St. %rancois 9a0ier.

!3

,e (ade a scri" a""licationE on ) Ma- 188) at Ma"le &ree<N e statesE > alwa-s resided in Manitoba until t e -ear 1844 w en > left altoget er for t e /ort Best 3erritories, so(eti(e at &-"ress ,ills, at LuWA""elle and > a( now ere at Ma"le &ree< residing "er(anentl- for t e "ast t ree -ears. > was residing before V after t e 1) !ul- 185* in t e /.B. 3err. 7ccu"ationE > was a "lain unter before V > a( now a far(er. MarriedE 1833, St. %rancois 9a0ier, Man. to 'ouise ,oule, now deceased. & ildrenE 5 li0ingE Hirginie about )* -ears (crossed out), %rancoise 45 -ears (crossed out), 'ouise, !ulie, 6osalie, Marguerite, C(ilien. > donWt re(e(ber t eir ages, t erefore no use to tell it as it will (islead -ou of (-self V 'ouis ,oule, now deceased. 3 deceasedE 3 erese died (ore t an 1* -ears ago. Marie died about 1* -ears ago. # ilo(ene died before t e 1) !ul- 185*. Bt. &ertE > canWt because t ewere all ba"tised at St. %rs. 9a0ier, Man. Birt . &ertE > canWt "roduce t e( as none died ere. Halue of "ersonal "ro"ert-E /one, exce"t one orse V cart R1**.**. > a0e been actuall- resident of t e Settle(ent of Ma"le &ree< since t ree -ears ago V > was so on t e 1) Marc last to t is da-. BitnessesE #ierre 'e0eille (x)N Marguerite 'e0eille (x) (/B,BS, &-14:4*.). Pelletier, Ali$ue AliGue was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e in 1858. Alex was at one ti(e a 3urtle Mountain Band (e(ber. Alexandre #eltier left treatfro( t e &owessess Band on !ul- 11, 1884. Pelletier +Pello30e-, !a/tiste. (b. 181)) !ean Ba"tiste #elletier was born circa 181), t e son of !ose" #elletier dit Boston dit Assiniboine (b. 1585) and ;ene0ie0e 'Mi<a- ,allett. 14 !ean Ba"tiste (arried Madeleine .esc a("s, t e daug ter of !ose" .esc a("s and Marguerite ,oule in 1843 at St. %rancois 9a0ier. 3 e- ad nine c ildren. Ba"tiste was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. Pelletier +Pello30e-, !a/tiste 1r. (b. 181)) Ba"tiste was t e son of !ose" #elletier (b. 15:1) and ;ene0ie0e Birston (b. 15:*). ,e first (arried Marie & ausse and t e- ad one c ild. ,e t en (arried Madeleine .esc a("s and t e- ad six c ildren. ,e was t en (arried to Margaret # oenix and ad two c ildren. ,e last (arried &aroline Sanderson.15 Ba"tiste was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. ,e died at &-"ress ,ills in 1858. .esc a("s, MadeleineN for er deceased usband, Ba"tiste #elletierN clai( no. 1155N bornE 181) at St. BonifaceN diedE S"ring. 1858 at &-"ress ,illsN addressE LuWA""elle #.7N fat erE !ose" #elletier (%renc &anadian)N (ot erE ;ene0i?0e Beston (M$tis)N
14

!ose" was t e son of Antoine #elletier and Marguerite (Saulteaux), ;ene0ie0e was t e daug ter of ,enr,allett and a Saulteaux wo(an. 17 Born 1841, t e daug ter of ;eorge Sanderson and Mar- B itford.

55 !,

(arriedE 1834 at St. %rancois 9a0ier to Madeleine .esc a("sN c ildren li0ingE 4N c ildren deceasedE Marie, &aroline and !ose" N eirsE Ba"tiste #elletier, R11.8)N & r-sologue #elletier, R11.8)N Alexandre #elletier, R11.8)N ,$l?ne #elletier, R11.8)N Adol" us #elletier, R11.8)N Madeleine .esc a("s, R11.8) Pelltier, Alexis (b. 18)4) Alexandre #elletier was born 7ctober 18)4 at %ort #itt, t e son of !ean Ba"tiste #elletier Sr. (181)-1858) and Madeleine .esc a("s. ,e (arried &aroline Bru-ere, t e daug ter of !ean Ba"tiste Bru-ere and AngeliGue ;uilbault in 185) at &-"ress ,ills. 7n Se"te(ber 5, 1854, e was one of 3* Metis at %ort Bals w o sub(itted a "etition, on be alf of t e Metis of t e four districts of Assiniboia to Moin 3reat- 4. Peltier, !a/tiste. (b. 1844) !ean Ba"tiste #elletier was born on /o0e(ber 5, 1844, t e son of !ean Ba"tiste #elletier Sr. and Madeleine .esc a("s. ,is fat er was fro( St. %rancois 9a0ier and died at &-"ress ,ills in 1858. Ba"tiste (arried &aroline Sanderson, t e daug ter of ;eorge Sanderson and Mar- B itford in 1853 at 'ebret. 7n Se"te(ber 5, 1854, e was one of 3* Metis at %ort Bals w o sub(itted a "etition, on be alf of t e Metis of t e four districts of Assiniboia to Moin 3reat- 4. >n 1858, Ba"tiste was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. Pelletier +Pello30e-, #ean !a/tiste >n 1858, Ba"tiste was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. #elletier, !ean Ba"tisteN eir to is deceased c ildrenE !ose" , bornE 185: at Bood MountainN diedE 18:4N 6osalie, bornE 1884 at Broad0iewN diedE 1 da-s old at Broads0iewN addressE .unseit , /ort .a<otaN fat erE !ean Ba"tiste #elletier (M$tis and de"onent)N (ot erE &aroline Sanderson (M$tis)N scri" cert.E for( ., nos. 5:* and 5:1N clai( no. :18. Pelletier +Pello30e-, :ut0bert. (b. 1844) &ut bert was born circa 1844 at St. %rancois 9a0ier, t e son of & arles #elletier (b. 1588) and Su2anne Bercier. ,e (arried Cli2abet Swain, t e daug ter of !o n Swain and Marie Marguerite Allar- in 1851 at St. 'aurent (Sout Sas<atc ewan 6i0er). 3 e- ad ele0en c ildren born at .uc< 'a<e, &-"ress ,ills, Swift &urrent, 'ebret and 'estoc<. &ut bert was a 3urtle Mountain Band (e(ber. 3 e- also li0ed at &-"ress ,ills, LuDA""elle, Swift &urrent and 'ebret. >n 1858, &ut bert was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. Affida0it of #elletier, &ut bertN bornE 1844N occu"ationE 0o-ageur, St. %rancois 9a0ierN fat erE & arles #elletier (M$tis)N (ot er Susanne Bercier (M$tis)N clai( no. )844N grant no. 4111. #elletier, &ut bertN eir to is deceased c ildrenN >sabelle, bornE 185: at Swift &urrentN diedE 1* %ebruar-, 1884N %elix, bornE 15 7ctober, 1883 at LuWA""elleN diedE

!5

!ul-, 1888N addressE 3ouc wood ,illsN fat erE &ut bert #elletier (M$tis and de"onent)N (ot erE Bets- Swan (M$tis)N scri" cert.E for( no. 154, >sabelleN scri" cert.E for( %, no. 154, %elixN clai( no. 843. #elletier, 6ogerN addressE 3ouc wood ,illsN bornE %ebruar-, 1855 at &-"ress ,illsN fat erE &ut bert #elletier (M$tis)N (ot erE Bets- Swan (M$tis)N scri" cert.E for( C, no. 4*1N clai( no. 8)*. #elletier, /or(anN addressE 3ouc wood ,illsN bornE 1881 at &-"ress ,illsN fat erE &ut bert #elletier (M$tis)N (ot erE Bets- Swan (M$tis)N scri" cert.E for( C, no. 4**N clai( no. 84:. Pelletier +Pello30e-, :ut0bert. (b. 1838) #elletier, & r-soloGueN addressE %ort LuWA""elleN bornE 1838 at 6ed 6i0erN fat erE Ba"tiste #elletier (deceasedN M$tis)N (ot erE Madeleine .esc a("s (M$tis)N (arriedE 1851 at LuWA""elle to # ilo(ene %ournierN c ildren li0ingE !udit N /anc-N Marie C(ilie and >sabelleN c ildren deceasedE & risosto(e and &ut bertN scri" for R14*.**N clai( no. 1111. Peltier, :ut0bert. (b. 1844) &ut bert #elletier was t e son of & arles #elletier and Su2anne Bercier. ,e (arried Cli2abet Swain, t e daug ter of !o n Swain and Marie Marguerite Allar- in 1851 at St. 'aurent. Pelletier, &douard. (1834) Cdouard #elletier was born at St. %ran8ois 9a0ier on %ebruar- 1, 1834. ,e was t e son of & arles #elletier and Su2anne Bercier. ,is brot ers !ose" and #ierre were a(ong t e Metis unters w o signed t e ,alf-Breed "etition fro( &-"ress ,ills in 1858 (along wit /orbert .elor(e).18 Cdouard was first (arried to &at erine 6oc ebla0e t en to Madeleine Morin. 3 e- were a buffalo unting fa(il- w o ad c ildren born at St. %ran8ois 9a0ier, 'ebret, 3ourondDs &oulee, Bood Mountain, &-"ress ,ills and # easant &ree<. According to t e fa(il-Ds oral istor- as told b- ,arr- #elletier, is grandson (b. 1:*) at >ndian ,ead), Cdouard was acti0e in t e 188) 6esistance at Batoc e and was wounded in t e leg.1: Pelletier, ,ilbert 1enator, MN-1 (1:3:-1*11) ;ilbert was born on .ece(ber 11, 1:3: at t e M$tis road allowance co((unit- of &rescent 'a<e, Sas<atc ewan. ,e is t e son of !ose" #elletier and >sabelle %la(ant. ,is fat er was born in t e 3urtle Mountain area near .unsiet , /ort .a<ota. ,is (ot er was born near =or<ton, Sas<atc ewan. ;ilbert co(es fro( a long line of Metis buffalo
18

6eGuesting a re-o"ening of t e buffalo unt between /o0e(ber 14t and %ebruar- 1)t eac -ear and t e granting of Metis @reser0eA land (A stri" of land 1)* (iles long along t e A(erican border beginning w ere t e #e(bina 6i0er crosses t e border. 3 is stri" was to be fift- (iles fro( sout to nort .).
1"

Ien Xeilig and Hictoria Xeilig, Ste. Madeleine" Community 'ithout a Town8 Metis Blders in Inter*iew . Binni"egE #e((ican #ublications 1:85E 145-14:.

!-

unters. ,is "aternal grandfat er was Abra a( #elletier1*. ;ilbertDs great-grandfat er was Antoine #elletier.11 ;ilbertDs fat er s"o<e se0en languagesE %renc , Cnglis , Mic if, #lains &ree, /a<ota, .a<ota and 'a<ota. ;ilbert was a gifted Mic if stor-teller, li<e is fat er and grandfat er before i(, and enMo-ed telling stories and s aring Mic if culture wit M$tis -out and c ildren. ,e recalled t at w en e was a -oungster t e M$tis would (eet and set u" t eir tents along t e road allowance. At nig t e lo0ed to snea< out and ea0esdro" as t e adults told stories w ile sitting around t e ca("fire. ;ilbert continued t is fa(il- tradition b- telling 0arious <inds of stories including t ose about 6ougarous, /anabus and & i-!ean.

/or(an %leur- (left), ;ilbert #elletier (centre) 'awrence Bar<well (rig t) at Metisfest 1**:, >nternational #eace ;ardens. ;ilbert (arried Mar- #elletier, w o is originall- fro( t e M$tis road allowance co((unit- of &roo<ed 'a<e, Sas<atc ewan. ;ilbert was an organi2er and co((unitde0elo"(ent wor<er for t e M$tis Societ- of Sas<atc ewan (now t e M$tis /ation [ Sas<atc ewan) in t e earl- 1:4*s and was later t e "resident of t e M$tis Societ- local in
1*

Abra a( #elletier was born on .ece(ber 5, 184: at St. %rancois 9a0ier. ,e (arried ,elene St. #ierre t e daug ter of 'ouis St. #ierre and Marie 'ouise .ecoteau. 11 Antoine #elletier (b. 1814) was a #e(bina buffalo unter. ,e was ennu(erated in 18)* at age 14 w ile li0ing in is "arents ouse old. ,is fat er was & arles #elletier (b. 1588, also listed as a unter) and (ot er was Su2anne Bercier. Antoine (arried !ulie %ournier, t e daug ter of %rancois %ournier and AngeliGue Met ote. ,e died in 1854 at Baie St. #aul. AntoineDs brot er, &ut bert #elletier (b. 1844) was one of t e Metis unting band at &-"ress ,ills w o signed t e 1858 Metis "etition for a reser0e along t e &anada-F.S.A. border. &ut bert was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band.

!7

Cster a2-, Sas<atc ewan. >n 1***, in recognition of is -ears of ser0ice to t e M$tis "eo"le, e was a""ointed as t e & air of t e M$tis Senate of Sas<atc ewan. ;ilbert was 0er- co((unit--(inded and ser0ed not onl- t e M$tis /ation, but ot ers as well, in is ca"acities as a "otas (ine wor<er (in Cster a2-), an e("lo-ee of Sas<atc ewanDs social welfare de"art(ent (now &o((unit- 6esources and C("lo-(ent), an Assistant #robation 7fficer for -out , a Board of .irector for t e Sas<atc ewan 'iGuor and ;a(ing &o((ission and as a foster "arentE ;ilbert and Mar- a0e raised nu(erous foster c ildren, in addition to t eir own c ildren (;ale, Cleanore and A0aline). ;ilbert was acti0el- in0ol0ed wit t e Mic if S"ea<ers Association in Sas<atc ewan and wor<ed closel- wit t e ;abriel .u(ont >nstitute in its efforts to re0itali2e and "reser0e t is uniGue language of t e M$tis. ,e is featured on t e fil( ,ur Life on the +oad 5llowance8 The Story of the Crescent La&e MCtis . (Sas<atoonE ;abriel .u(ont >nstitute, 'ea .orion (#roducer), 1**1). ;ilbert and Mar- #elletier li0ed 3* (iles sout of =or<ton, Sas<atc ewan. ;ilbert was a contributor of t e stor- @'i deu <ou2aensA ("". 18-1:) to Metis Legacy Vol. II (1**4, Binni"egE #e((ican #ublications and Sas<atoonE ;abriel .u(ont >nstitute). ;ilbert "assed awa- on /o0e(ber 1, 1*11 at =or<ton. 6eferenceE Bar<well, '.!., @Biogra" -E Senator ;ilbert #elletier, Metis Clder,A :ew 3reed Maga;ine, Holu(e 33, >ssue 1E :, Marc -A"ril, 1**4. Pelletier dit Assiniboine, #ose/0 Pierre (15:1- 18)1) !ose" was born in 6u"ertDs 'and in 15:1. ,e was t e son of Antoine #elletier and an >ndian wo(an na(ed Marguerite. ,e was also t e alf-brot er of #eter @BostonaisA #ang(an, MargueriteDs son wit #eter #ang(an Senior. !ose" (arried ;ene0ie0e ,allett (born 15:)) at %ort #ell-. 3 e- ad ele0en c ildren toget er. !ose" was in0ol0ed in t e battle of Se0en 7a<s in 1814. !ose" foug t on be alf of t e /ort Best &o("an-, in an effort to dri0e t e Sel<ir< Settlers out of t e &anadian west. !ose" is noted as one of t e leading Bois-Brules, t erefore it is li<el- t at e was "art of t e s(all force led b- &ut bert ;rant t at attac<ed t e force of Settlers and too< o0er Assiniboia. !ose" and ;ene0ie0e li0ed in St. Boniface for a nu(ber of -ears, and are noted in t e 6ed 6i0er &ensus starting in 181:. 3 e- ad settled in ;rantown b- 183), and were enu(erated again in t e 6ed 6i0er &ensus in 184*. !ose" and ;ene0ie0e later (o0ed to #e(bina, .a<ota 3erritor- w ere e died in 18)1. (&ontributed b- ,eat er ,allett.) Peltier. *eonard (b. 1:44) 'eonard #eltier was born in ;rand %or<s, /..., t e ele0ent of t irteen c ildren, to 'eo #eltier and Al0ina 6obideau. ,is Metis fat er was t ree-fourt s & i""ewa and one-Guarter %renc , and is (ot er was 'a<ota Sioux on er (ot erWs side and & i""ewa on er fat erWs. #eltierWs "arents di0orced w en e was four -ears old. At t is ti(e, 'eonard and is sister Bett- Ann were ta<en to li0e wit t eir "aternal grand"arents Alex and Mar- .ubois-#eltier in t e 3urtle Mountain >ndian 6eser0ation near Belcourt, /.... >n Se"te(ber 1:)3, at t e age of nine, 'eonard was enrolled at t e Ba "eton >ndian !8

Sc ool at Ba "eton, /... ,e graduated at Ba "eton in Ma- 1:)5, and attended t e %landreau >ndian Sc ool in %landreau, S... After dro""ing out in t e nint grade, e returned to t e 3urtle Mountain 6eser0ation to li0e wit is fat er. >n 1:4), #eltier relocated to Seattle, Bas ington. ,e wor<ed for se0eral -ears and beca(e t e owner of an auto baod- s o". >n t e cit-, #eltier beca(e in0ol0ed in a 0ariet- of causes c a("ioning /ati0e A(erican ci0il rig ts, and e0entuall- Moined t e A(erican >ndian Mo0e(ent (A>M). >n 1:55 e was con0icted and sentenced to two consecuti0e ter(s of life i("rison(ent for first degree (urder in t e s ooting of two %B> agents during a 1:5) conflict on t e #ine 6idge >ndian 6eser0ation. #eltierWs indict(ent and con0iction is t e subMect of t e 1::1 docu(entar>ncident at 7glala, a fil( directed b- Mic ael A"ted. #eltier is often cited as a "olitical "risoner, and is (urder con0iction as sur0i0ed a""eals in 0arious courts o0er t e -ears. A(nest- >nternational "laced is case under t e @Fnfair 3rialsA categor- of its Annual 6e"ortE FSA 1*1*, citing concerns wit t e fairness of t e "roceedings. /u(erous lawsuits a0e been filed on #eltierWs be alf, but none a0e succeeded t us far in securing is release or retrial. Pelletier +Pello30e-, Na/olon. (b. 1844) /a"oleon was born on /o0e(ber 4, 1844, t e son of Cdouard #elletier (b. 1834) and Madeleine Morin. ,e died at 'ebret in !une of 1884. >n 1858, /a"oleon was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. #elletier, CdouardN for is deceased c ildrenE !ean Marie, bornE 185) at 'ong 'a<eN diedE %ebruar-, 1858N 3 erese, bornE 14 !anuar-, 1855 at &-"ress ,illsN diedE %ebruar-, 1858N 'ouise, bornE 8 !une, 1884 at # easant &ree<N diedE %ebruar-, 188)N !ose" , bornE 13 7ctober, 188* at # easant &ree<N diedE 13 A"ril, 1884N /a"oleon, bornE 185* at SourisN diedE 3 !une, 1884N addressE 3ouc wood ,illsN fat erE Cdouard #elletier (M$tis and de"onent)N (ot erE Madeleine Morin (M$tis)N file ref. 1448811N clai( no. 835. Pelletier +Pello30e-, Paul. >n 1858, #aul was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. #elletier, #aulN addressE %ort LuWA""elleN bornE 1843 at St. %rancois 9a0ierN fat erE #ierre #elletier (M$tis)N (ot erE !ose" te .esc a("s (M$tis)N (arriedE 1851 at LuWA""elle to 'ouise ;onne0illeN c ildren li0ingE 'a6ose, >sidore, %rancois, St. #ierre, !ean Ba"tiste and 6obertN c ildren deceasedE 1N scri" for R14*.**N clai( no. 1113. Pelletier, +Pello30e-, ;illiam. >n 1858, Billia( was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. #elletier, Billia( for is li0ing son ,eli #elletierN addressE Medicine ,atN bornE 188) near Medicine ,atN fat erE Billia( #elletier (M$tis and de"onent)N (ot erE &aroline 'afra(boise (M$tis)N scri" cert.E for( &, no. 5*4N clai( no. 1114.

!"

Perreault, #ean !a/tiste dit Morin. (b. 181)) !ean Ba"tiste was t e son of !ean Ba"tiste Sr. and Marie .uc ar(e dit & arron. ,e (arried &at erine ;ro0ette and t e- ad ele0en c ildren. ,e was a delegate fro( Ste. Anne des & \nes to t e /o0e(ber 184: 6ed 6i0er &ouncil. !ean Ba"tiste signed t e Metis #etition of August 1:, 1881 fro( t e LuDA""elle Halle-. 3 is "etition was sent to Cdgar .ewdne-, t e 'ieutenant ;o0ernor of t e /ort -Best 3erritories stating t at t e 7ntario and LuDA""elle 'and co("an- was dis"ossessing t e Metis of t eir lands because t e sur0e-s t at ad been done s owed so(e of t e( to be on railwa- land. Perreault, Fran3ois (b. 1833) %rancois was t e son of %ran8ois #erreault (M$tis born 1813) and Marguerite Allard born 181), t e daug ter of A(broise Allard and 'i2ette (&ree). ,is "aternal grand(ot er was Marie ;rant. %rancois signed t e Metis #etition of August 1:, 1881 fro( t e LuDA""elle Halle-. 3 is "etition was sent to Cdgar .ewdne-, t e 'ieutenant ;o0ernor of t e /ort -Best 3erritories stating t at t e 7ntario and LuDA""elle 'and co("an- was dis"ossessing t e Metis of t eir lands because t e sur0e-s t at ad been done s owed so(e of t e( to be on railwa- land. Perreault, Xavier (b. 183)) 9a0ier was born on Ma- 1), 183)N fat erE %ran8ois #erreault (M$tis born 1813)N (ot erE Marguerite Allard born 181), t e daug ter of A(broise allard and 'i2ette (&ree). ,is grand(ot er was Marie ;rant. 9a0ier signed t e Metis #etition of August 1:, 1881 fro( t e LuDA""elle Halle-. 3 is "etition was sent to Cdgar .ewdne-, t e 'ieutenant ;o0ernor of t e /ort -Best 3erritories stating t at t e 7ntario and LuDA""elle 'and co("an- was dis"ossessing t e Metis of t eir lands because t e sur0e-s t at ad been done s owed so(e of t e( to be on railwa- land. Perron, Marie-*ouise B.A., B.Cd., M. ?s Arts. Marie-'ouise grew u" in a fa(il- w ic for sociological reasons did not identift eir Metis ancestr-. F"on disco0ering t e dictation of er great-great-grandfat er, !ean Ba"tiste 'ad$route, is role in t e 184:-5* 6esistance, AA and ancient fa(il- fol< tales all of w ic er aunt ad collected and sa0ed in a trun< "assed down to er, s e began a reco0er- of er Metis identit-. Ms. #erron is currentl- e("lo-ed as t e & ief of Staff to t e federal &o((issioner of 7fficial 'anguages. #re0iousl- s e was %ranco" one Arc i0ist at t e Sas<atc ewan Arc i0es Board fro( 1:8) to 1::1. S e t en was on staff at t e 'ibrarand Arc i0es of &anada. Since 1::1, she de0elo"ed new ser0ice initiati0es at t e Li#rary and 5rchi*es of Canada, first as & ief of t e .ecentrali2ed Access
11

3 ese re(iniscences a""eared as ] M$(oires des troubles du Manitoba 184:-5* ^, in t e 3ulletin de la SociCtC historiDue de Sainte?3oniface, /u($ro 4, Kt$ 1::5 E 5-1).

3'

7ffice, t en as #roMect 'eader #ublic Access S-ste(s, & ief of t e ;enealog- and #ersonnel 6ecords Section, and lastl- as &ontent S"ecialist wit t e C9C. Marie-'ouise #erron as "resented and "ublis ed "a"ers, in bot Cnglis and %renc , on %renc OM$tis fol<songs and fol<tales, distant access to arc i0al ser0ices, and t e #erron-'aderouteMarion-St. Arnaud fa(ilies, er ancestors a(ong t e 6ed 6i0er (Manitoba) M$tis. As a result of t is wor< s e a""eared on global 3HDs #ast 'i0es aired !une 1), 1**). She continues her wor< as a 0isual artist, s"eciali2ing in watercolours and (ixed (edia on can0as. Marie-'ouise contributed a c a"ter on Metis fol<lore to Metis 'egac- Holu(e >>E Mic if &ulture, ,eritage and %ol<wa-s (;abriel .u(ont >nstitute and #e((ican #ublications1**4E 44-)4). 3 is c a"ter @'D7rigine des canards gris,A or @3 e 7rigin of t e ;re- .uc<sA as also a""eared in t e %renc language in Sas<atc ewan ,istor-, 0ol. 4*, no. 3, 1:85E ::-1*8. >t is one of a nu(ber of Metis fol< tales anded down b- se0en generations in er fa(il- and told to er b- er aunt !ose" ine #erron as @one of ;rand(a 'ad$routeDs stories.A S e was t e aut or (wit ;illes 'esage and &laude 6oberto) of @'es arc i0es de la "resence fran8ais dans lD7uest &anadien,A in Arc i0es, Holu(e 34, ni($ro 1, 1**4-1**)E 115-13). S e "resented t e "a"er @ The EClandestinity FuestionE in the Search for Identity 5mong Fra ncophone Metis People: The Case of the Laderoute-Perron-Marion Family roup! at the >nternational %ederation of 'ibrarAssociations and >nstitutions (>%'A) ;enealog- and 'ocal ,istor- for AllE Satellite #re&onference, 4-5August 1**8, 7ttawa, &anada. Petit, :laude, :.M., :..., 1<M. Born in .uc< 'a<e in 1:3), Mr. #etit recei0ed t e 7rder of &anada in 1::8N &iti2en of t e =ear, Sas<atoon in 1::4N was inducted in t e &anadian Boxing ,all of %a(e in 1::1, and as recei0ed countless awards for boxing and s ot "ut. Mr. #etit was t e onl- &anadian to win t e Britis Ar(- ,ea0-weig t Boxing & a("ions i" in 1:44. ,e was a founder of t e Bestern &anada /ati0e Minor ,oc<e- & a("ions i", Sas<atoonN #resident of t e Sas<atc ewan A(ateur Boxing Association for nine -ears and organi2erN and founding (e(ber of t e Metis celebration, Bac< to Batoc e, w ic e organi2ed for 13 -ears. Mr. &laude #etit was recogni2ed for is indi0idual excellence and outstanding contributions to t e social, cultural and econo(ic well-being of t e "ro0ince of Sas<at-c ewan and was awarded 3 e Sas<atc ewan 7rder of Merit on 7ctober 3*, 1**1. ,e was a founder of t e Bestern &anadian /ati0e Minor ,oc<e- & a("ions i" in Sas<atoon. &laude #etit re(ains 0er- in0ol0ed wit Aboriginal Heterans in &anada. A (e(ber of t e #rincess #atricia &anadian 'ig t >nfantr-, and wounded during t e Iorean Bar, &laude #etit ser0ed as a "aratroo"er wit t e &anadian Ar(ed %orces for sixteen -ears, in &anada, Iorea, ;er(an- and Alas<a. Mr. #etit as been a <e- "la-er in designating, constructing and setting in "lace a bron2e (onu(ent in 7ttawa s-(boli2ing t e contributions of Aboriginal Heterans in Borld Bar >, Borld Bar >>, t e Iorean Bar and #eace<ee"ing. Mr. #etit also i("le(ented t e Aboriginal Heterans Millenniu( Medal awarded to Aboriginal Heterans fro( all "arts of &anada and to descendants of t ose <illed in action.

31

Petit, =0omas. (b. 18)1) 3 o(as was born at #e(bina, t e son of 3 o(as #etit Sr. and is second wife, !ose" te 7uelette. 3 o(as was a (e(ber of &a"tain Billia( %idlerDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. #ic $, Alexis. Alexis #ic $ is credited wit bringing t e c urc "resence to 'ac St. Anne, Alberta. 3 e la<e is located about 4) (iles nort west of t e cit- of Cd(onton. >n 1841, Alexis #ic $ Sr., a Metis w o li0ed in t e area, tra0eled to St. Boniface to as< t at "riests be sent to li0e a(ong t e(. C0en t oug "riests were scarce, Bis o" #ro0enc er sent %at er !ean-Ba"tiste 3 ibault, w o was a &ree s"ea<er, to c ec< t ings out. Alexis #ic $ Sr. was (arried to 7"e -ta -s eto--wis < (a #lains &ree wo(an). 3 eir sons Alexis @BobtailA #ic $ !r. and Ba"tiste @Cr(ines<inA #ic $ were bot & iefs of #lains &ree Bands. & ief BobtailDs son &o-ote (%rancois) was acti0e in t e 6esistance of 188) in (a<ing raids on t e ,B& stores at Battleford. Alexis as been written about in an article b- !uliette & a("agne entitled @3 e %irst &at olics of Alberta.A After t e "assage of t e #acific-bound (issionaries in 1838, a strong desire for t e "resence of a &at olic "riest (anifested itself a(ong t is "o"ulation, and in 1841, a free(an, <nown as #ic $, "robabl- on a trading (ission at 6ed 6i0er, was delegated to 0isit Bis o" #ro0enc er at St. Boniface and "resent a for(al reGuest t at a &at olic "riest be sent to t e U6oc<- MountainsU (le fort de la Montagne). 3 e bis o" noted t at #ic $ was a M$tis, li0ing @wit and as t e >ndians.A 3 is #ic $ was well <nown in t e Sas<atc ewan district and along t e foot ills, as e often wor<ed for t e ,B& as a guide and as a unter. Mount #eec ee near 'a<e Minnewan<a was na(ed in is onour b- t e go0ernor of t e ,B&, ;eorge Si("son, w o was guided b- i( t roug .e0ilDs ;a" and on t roug t e "ass w ic bears Si("sonWs na(e. #ic $ was also t e fat er of t e fa(ed &ree c iefs Cr(ines<in and Bobtail. %ull- aware of t e ,B&Ws "olic-, as e ad Must been refused "er(ission to send a "riest to %ort Cd(onton, #ro0enc er ne0ert eless "ro(ised #ic $ t at e would a0e so(eone read- for t e following s"ring, and #ic $ said e would return to acco("an- t e (issionar-. >nstead of #ic $, !ean-Ba"tiste 'afra(boise, a M$tis fro( t e %ort Cd(onton region, and "robabl- a brot er-in-law of .u(ontWs, guided %at er !ean-Ba"tiste 3 ibault to t e F""er /ort Sas<atc ewan. 3 e- left on A"ril 1*, 1841, arri0ing at %ort Cd(onton on Sunda-, !une 1:, earl- enoug to celebrate Mass. .uring t is 0isit, t e %ort-des-#rairies register of ba"tis(s, (arriages and se"ultures was o"ened, as t is is ow %ort Cd(onton was <nown to %renc s"ea<ers. 3 ibault sta-ed in t e %ort Cd(onton region, alt oug e did 0isit .u(ontDs settle(ent at S"irit 'a<e. ,e was loo<ing forward to (eeting #ic $, but w en a grou" of Blac<foot ca(e to t e "ost to trade and (eet t e (issionar- earl- in !ul-, #ic $ was not wit t e(. B- t e end of !ul-, e still ad not co(e, and so wit .u(ont for a guide, t e- went in searc of i( and is band. 3 e- tra0elled due sout west, sto""ing briefl- at #igeon 'a<e. As t e- crossed t e 6ed .eer 6i0er, t e- (et a grou" of M$tis w o were on t eir wa- to t e &olu(bia 6i0er, and w o <new of #ic $Ds w ereabouts. Bord was sent out to i(

5 8 3!

and e i((ediatel- ca(e to (eet t e (issionar-, leading i( to is ca(" of 4* lodges at .og #ound &ree<, west of "resent-da- &algar-. ( 'estern Catholic +eporter, Se"te(ber ), 1**).) Pi30, Alexis #r. !obtail". (1814-1:**) Alexis !r. (b. 1814) was t e son of Alexis #ic $ Sr. (Metis) and 7"e -ta -s e-to-wis < (Magdeline 7W"itas<ewis a #lains &ree wo(an). Alexis, w ose &ree na(e was Ies<a-iwew, was born in 1814 on t e /ort Sas<atc ewan 6i0er, t e son of Alexis #ic $ Sr. and 7"e -ta -s e-to--wis < (a #lains &ree wo(an). >n 184:, e (arried &at erine &ardinal (#ierre) dit Mustati" at #idgeon 'a<e. ,er fat erDs na(e was #ierre &ardinal dit Cia-io-wew and er (ot er was Marie &at erine &ardinal. Alexis !r. and &at erine ad four c ildrenN &ecile b. 18)1 at 'ac Ste. Anne, %rancois b. 1845 at %ort #itt, Angele b. 1844 at Metis &rossing (Hictoria) and Alexis b. 1844 also at Metis &rossing. BobtailDs desired a reser0e near #igeon 'a<e and on Se"te(ber 1), 1855 & ief Bobtail and two of is &ouncillors signed an ad esion to 3reat- Six. After t e 188) 6esistance Bobtail, is wife and is c ildren too< Metis Scri" (1884).,e ad Metis scri" clai( P 15: and &at erineDs was P 151. 'ater e a""lied to return to treat- status. 3 e Bobtail grou" t en s"ent se0eral -ears wit t e &ree of Montana. After t e go0ern(ent ca("aign to oust t e &ree fro( Montana, t is grou" beca(e t e Montana Band in Alberta

33

Bobtail and son. Alexis !r. and &at erine ad four c ildrenN &ecile b. 18)1 at 'ac Ste. Anne, %rancois b. 1845 at %ort #itt, Angele b. 1844 at Metis &rossing (Hictoria) and Alexis b. 1844 also at Metis &rossing. BobtailDs desired a reser0e near #igeon 'a<e and on Se"te(ber 1), 1855 & ief Bobtail and two of is &ouncillors signed an ad esion to 3reat- Six. !o n Buffalo was inter0iewed about Bobtail and Cr(ines<in on A"ril 18, 1:5) b6ic ard 'ig tning. SourceE tt"EOOours"ace.uregina.caObitstrea(O1*1:4O1**1O1O>,-14:,_1*14:_1B."df M- grand(ot er was "resent at t e ti(e w en t e- recei0ed t eir final "a-(ent t ere. 3 at is also t e ti(e t e c iefs were gi0en t eir aut orit-, and also t e councillors. 3 at is w en Bobtail beca(e a c ief and Cr(ines<in wanted to beco(e a c ief also but e was told t at e couldnWt beco(e a c ief because t ewere related. ,owe0er e was told t at e could beco(e a councillor, so e did. 3 is was told to (e b- (- (ot er-in-law, Mrs. S(allbo-. S e is about 1*8 or 1** -ears old and s e is being cared for in Cd(onton. > ear t is old wo(an telling t e stor- of t e treat-N s e was t ere. Bobtail, t e first c ief was er grandfat er. >t was also during t at ti(e t at t e- ca(e to ,obbe(a. 3 at is w at t e old Mrs. S(allbo- said. S e said t at t e reser0e ere at ,obbe(a was one w ole reser0e at t e ti(e. 3 en Cr(ines<in decided to se"arate to for( t e Cr(ines<in band. ,is older brot er (Bobtail) ga0e i( a "ortion of t e reser0e. ,e was t en t e c ief and is councillor was 'ouis Bull, .a0id ,ead(an, !o nnCr(ines<in anot er (an. %inall- 'ouis Bull as<ed Cr(ines<in if e too could a0e is own reser0e. Cr(ines<in did gi0e i( so(e reser0e land - e was t e c ief of t at reser0e. So t ere t e Cr(ines<in reser0e and t e Bull reser0e, t ewanted to be on t eir own. B en all t at ad ta<en "lace, Bobtail too< enfranc ise(ent. ,e left t e reser0e for is "eo"le, t at was t e Montana 6eser0e. M- (ot er-in-law said t at Sa(son also as<ed for so(e reser0e land fro( Bobtail, t at was a long ti(e ago, so old & ief Sa(son also recei0ed so(e reser0e land. So Montana beca(e a s(all reser0e as a result. 3 e "eo"le w o now li0e t ere were trans"orted ere b- freig t trainN t e- were wandering around before t e- were gat ered and s i""ed ere. 3 e freig t train sto""ed at #ono<a and t e >ndians were broug t to t e Montana Band. 3 e- sta-ed t ere for one winter and in t e su((er t e- started to wander awa- again. 3 eir excuse was t at t e- were going berr- "ic<ing but t e- left for good and toda- t e- are t e &rees of 6oc<Bo-, Montana - t ose "eo"le are fro( ere. So(e of t e older "eo"le fled to Montana during t e 6ebellion S188)T. So t at is ow t e- (ade t eir o(es in Montana, according to (- (ot er-in-law.

3,

Pi30e, Franois +:o'ote-. (b. 1845) &o-ote was born in 1845 at %ort #itt, t e son of Alexis #ic e !r. (& ief Bobtail) and &at erine &ardinal, bot Metis. &o-ote (%ran8ois) was acti0e in t e 6esistance of 188) in (a<ing raids on t e ,B& stores at Battleford. ,e was acGuitted at trial in Cd(onton for lac< of e0idence. >n 1884 is fat er and (ot er bot left treat- and too< Metis scri" for all t e c ildren (li0ing and deceased) exce"t &o-ote. 3 e- later returned to 3reat- status. Pi30e, Franois. (b. 183)) %ran8ois was born at St. %ran8ois 9a0ier, t e son of 'ouis #ic e and & arlotte .au" inais. ,e (arried /anc- 6oss, t e daug ter of ,ug 6oss and Sara S ort. ,e and is son Billia( were bot acti0e in t e 6esistance. 'ater t e- returned to treat- status. Pi30 &rmineskin", #ean !a/tiste ;abiska4an. (183)-1:*4) Ba"tiste, w ose &ree na(e was Se <osowa-anew, and was also called Cr(ines<in, was t e son of 'ouis #ic $ (Metis) and 7"e -ta -s e-to--wis < (a #lains &ree wo(an). ,e was t e -ounger brot er of & ief Bobtail.

.rmines/in with granddaughters. !o n Buffalo was inter0iewed about Bobtail and Cr(ines<in on A"ril 18, 1:5) b6ic ard 'ig tning.

35

SourceE tt"EOOours"ace.uregina.caObitstrea(O1*1:4O1**1O1O>,-14:,_1*14:_1B."df M- grand(ot er was "resent at t e ti(e w en t e- recei0ed t eir final "a-(ent t ere. 3 at is also t e ti(e t e c iefs were gi0en t eir aut orit-, and also t e councillors. 3 at is w en Bobtail beca(e a c ief and Cr(ines<in wanted to beco(e a c ief also but e was told t at e couldnWt beco(e a c ief because t ewere related. ,owe0er e was told t at e could beco(e a councillor, so e did. 3 is was told to (e b- (- (ot er-in-law, Mrs. S(allbo-. S e is about 1*8 or 1** -ears old and s e is being cared for in Cd(onton. > ear t is old wo(an telling t e stor- of t e treat-N s e was t ere. Bobtail, t e first c ief was er grandfat er. >t was also during t at ti(e t at t e- ca(e to ,obbe(a. 3 at is w at t e old Mrs. S(allbo- said. S e said t at t e reser0e ere at ,obbe(a was one w ole reser0e at t e ti(e. 3 en Cr(ines<in decided to se"arate to for( t e Cr(ines<in band. ,is older brot er (Bobtail) ga0e i( a "ortion of t e reser0e. ,e was t en t e c ief and is councillor was 'ouis Bull, .a0id ,ead(an, !o nnCr(ines<in anot er (an. %inall- 'ouis Bull as<ed Cr(ines<in if e too could a0e is own reser0e. Cr(ines<in did gi0e i( so(e reser0e land - e was t e c ief of t at reser0e. So t ere t e Cr(ines<in reser0e and t e Bull reser0e, t ewanted to be on t eir own. B en all t at ad ta<en "lace, Bobtail too< enfranc ise(ent. ,e left t e reser0e for is "eo"le, t at was t e Montana 6eser0e. M- (ot er-in-law said t at Sa(son also as<ed for so(e reser0e land fro( Bobtail, t at was a long ti(e ago, so old & ief Sa(son also recei0ed so(e reser0e land. So Montana beca(e a s(all reser0e as a result. 3 e "eo"le w o now li0e t ere were trans"orted ere b- freig t trainN t e- were wandering around before t e- were gat ered and s i""ed ere. 3 e freig t train sto""ed at #ono<a and t e >ndians were broug t to t e Montana Band. 3 e- sta-ed t ere for one winter and in t e su((er t e- started to wander awa- again. 3 eir excuse was t at t e- were going berr- "ic<ing but t e- left for good and toda- t e- are t e &rees of 6oc<Bo-, Montana - t ose "eo"le are fro( ere. So(e of t e older "eo"le fled to Montana during t e 6ebellion S188)T. So t at is ow t e- (ade t eir o(es in Montana, according to (- (ot er-in-law. Pi30e > :antara 13ri/ (e3ord #ic $, !ose" te - &oncerning er clai( as a ead of fa(il- - Address, Hictoria - Born, 1841 at Mission St. #aul - %at er, Modeste &antara alias &otteret, (%renc &anadian) Mot er, Marie &lare, (M$tis) - Married, 18): on #lains to Ba"tiste #ic $ - & ildren li0ing, four (na(es on declaration) - & ildren deceased, t ree - Scri" for R14* - &lai( 1*:). Scri" &ertificate /o. 331 %or( A for R45.** in fa0our of !ose" te &antara. 6efund of 3reat- Mone-.

3-

#ic e, !ose" te dit Babi<as<awanN for er deceased c ildrenN !ean Marie, bornE 184) at Her(illionN diedE 1858N Marie, bornE 185) at Bears ,illsN diedE 1881 at St. AlbertN addressE St. AlbertN fat erE !ean Ba"tiste #ic e dit Babi<as<awanN (M$tis)N (ot erE !ose" te &antara or 7(il<is (M$tis and de"onent)N clai( no. 11*3. 6eferenceE 6;1), >nterior, Series .->>-8-c, Holu(e 1343, 6eel &-14::5, Access codeE :* 6eferencesE Botting, ;ar-. & ief S(allbo-E >n #usuit of %reedo(. &algar-E %ift ,ouse 'td., 1**). >nfor(ation was also "ro0ided b- Iatrina Bull and ;eorge 'ittlec ild. Pi30e, ;illiam. (b.1844) Billia( was t e son of %rancois #ic e and /anc- 6oss. ,e was born at St. %ranciois 9a0ier on Se"te(ber 5, 1844. ,e (o0ed to .uc< 'a<e w ere e (arried Marie & arette in 1885. Billia( was a (e(ber of &a"tain !onas MoureauDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Pieton, #erome. !ero(e was a (e(ber of &a"tain Auguste 'afra(boiseD co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Pilon, Alexandre. (b. 1844) Alexandre was t e son of !ose" #ilon Sr. and AngeliGue /or(and. ,e was born at St. /orbert in 1844. Alexandre was t e -oungest of !ose" #ilonDs sons "artici"ating in t e 6esistance. Pilon, :0ristine +.umas-. (1841-1:)4) & ristine .u(as and er usband Bart $l$(i #ilon arri0ed at t e Metis settle(ent of Batoc e in t e s"ring of 1881. 3 e- ad recentl- (arried in t e &at edral in St. Boniface, Manitoba. ,er widowed (ot er, ,enriette 'andr- (1811-1:*:), acco("anied er. Man- of er brot ers and sisters ad "receded t e( to t e new @ o(eland.A 3 e -oung cou"le settled near t eir fa(il- and began building a co(fortable o(e on t eir ri0er lot on t e Sout Sas<atc ewan 6i0er. Bart $l$(i "ursued (ixed far(ing and su""le(ented t e fa(il- inco(e wit freig ting and car"entr- wor<. 3 ere were (anards i"s but & ristine was resourceful and was often as<ed to write "ersonal and business letters for relati0es and neig bours. M(e. #ilon was "roud of er fa(il-Ws dual &anadian and Metis eritage, a 0alue

37

w ic s e instilled in er eig t c ildrenE fi0e bo-s and t ree girls, born between 1883 and 1:*4. 3 ese con0ictions and er strengt in ti(es of ad0ersit- were re0ealed in a "oignant account of er trials during t e @;uerre /ationaleA at Batoc e in 188) (referred to as t e /ort -Best 6ebellion in Curo-&anadian literature). S e defended t e actions of t e Metis leader, 'ouis 6iel, a distant cousin on t e 'andr- side, @&e nWest "as 'ouis 6iel (ais le gou0erne(ent lac e Gui est 0enu en guerre c e2 les "au0res gens de la Sas<atc ewan.A13

& ristine and (ost of t e wo(en and c ildren ad soug t refuge in dugouts and tents down b- t e trenc esN t e ad0ancing ;o0ern(ent troo"s ad burned t eir new o(e. S e was cold, t ere was little food and after t e debacle on Ma- 11, s e was forced to flee in t e woods (Minatinas ,ill area) wit er -oung @bibiA ('ouis, 18 (ont s). S e was wit M(e 6iel (w o ad been coug ing blood for t ree da-s) and er two c ildren. After da-s of iding in t e bus , t e- wal<ed t e 18 (iles bac< to Batoc e.... 3 ere, t e- found a stra- calf, w ic t e- butc ered and ate. @6iel returned t ree ti(es to sa- adieu to is fa(il- before e ga0e i(self u". >t was so sad.A & ristine and Bart $l$(i ad lost e0er-t ing. @All t e ouses were burnt down w en we ca(e bac< o(e. /o ouse, no bed, no co0ers. >l nous restait Gue le courage de &anadien et de Metis "our 0i0re.A But t e- "ersisted. A new o(e was built, cro"s were sown and a second o(estead was acGuired. & ristine and er @c er (ariA celebrated t eir golden anni0ersar- in 1:31. >nde"endent to t e end, s e died in a little ouse next door to er daug ter Adelaide at t e age of :1. (Bit contributions b- .iane #a-(ent.) Pilon, #ose/0. (1835-1:1)) !ose" was t e son of !ose" #ilon Sr. and AngeliGue /or(and. ,e was born at St. /orbert in 1835. ,e (arried AngeliGue /or(and at St. /orbert !anuar- 11, 18)8. 3 e(o0ed to St. 'aurent, Sas<atc ewan in 1881. !ose" was a (e(ber of &a"tain Billia( Bo-erDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. !ose" Ds na(e a""ears as P51 in # ili""e ;arnotDs list of 6esistance "artici"ants. !ose" was acti0e at t e battle for 3ourondDs &oulee but left before t e Metis were totall- "inned down. Cdouard .u(ontDs account (entions #ilonE Around ten or ele0en oDcloc<, Cdouard .u(ont sets out again wit #ierric e #arenteau, Moise #arenteau, and old !ean-Ba"tiste Bouc er [ t is ti(e, Must t e four went, as Boniface sta-ed be ind on t is occasion. At 'enoir #arenteauDs t e- begin to (eet so(e of t e >ndians w o a0e left t e battle. 3 e- do not want to return to %is &ree< wit Cdouard. At >gnace #oitrasD, t e- (eet old #ilon and t ree ot ers w o do not want to go bac< eit er.
13

& ristine and er daug ters, M(e. Adelaide 6anger, & ristine #ilon and M(e. 7cta0ie 'e"ine

%ro( a letter & ristine wrote to Monseigneur #rudD o((e in #rince Albert in 188). A co"- of t is letter was gi0en to 'awrence Bar<well b- er grandson, 7(er 6anger of .uc< 'a<e (/o0e(ber, 1**:).

38

%at er &loutierDs Mournal notes t at at t e battle for Batoc eE @;ilbert Breland, Billia( Bo-er, !ose" #ilon, !ose" Sau0$, et dWautres (une 3*ne en0iron) sont dans les trous distants de ) ` 4 "ieds les uns des autres, le long de la belle "rairie, ils nWont "as grouill$ de la Mourn$e.A !ose" was arrested on Ma- 11, 188), and on August 14, 188) at 6egina was gi0en a conditional disc arge for is 6esistance "artici"ation. ,e died Marc 1), 1:1) at Batoc e. ,e is buried at St. Antoine de #adoue &e(eter-, Batoc e. >n is testi(on- of August 13, 188) at t e 6egina trial %at er Alexis Andre sa-sE @!ose" #ilon is a far(er, and as a fa(il- of ten c ildren and is about fift- -ears of age. ,e li0ed a alf a (ile fro( Batoc eN e was alwa-s an industrious and ard wor<ing (an. B en t e trouble bro<e out t is (an was ordered b- 6iel to co(e into ca(" or e would force i( to co(e, as e ad "rotested against 6ielDs (o0e(ents, and ad refused to attend an- of is (eetings, and ne0er contributed one cent towards 6ielDs su""ort last winter. #ilon, w en e was t reatened b- 6iel, ca(e to t e "riests, and cried w en telling w at was wanted of i(. 6iel b- force and t reats against is life co("elled i( to ser0e is "ur"ose. #oor (an, e deser0es "it- rat er t an "unis (ent. (&S#, 1884, Hol. 13, ". 384) Pilon, (a'mond !art0elem'. (b. 1841) Bart ele(- was born at St. /orbert on Se"te(ber 3*, 1841. ,e was t e son of !ose" #ilon and AngeliGue /or(and. >n 1811 e (arried & ristine .u(as, t e daug ter of Mic el .u(as and ,enriette 'andr-. 3 e- t en (o0ed to Batoc e. Bart ele(- was a (e(ber of &a"tain &alixte 'afontaineDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. #lease see t e (ore extensi0e fa(il- istorunder & ristine .u(as. Pilon, (i30. (b. 1:48) /ational ,oc<e- 'eague defense(an 6ic #ilon is a Metis fro( St. 'ouis, Sas<atc ewan.. Metis defense(an 6ic #ilon was born A"ril 3*, 1:48 in Sas<atoon, Sas<atc ewan is a retired /,' ice oc<e- "la-er w o was <nown for is aggressi0e "la-. A sta--at- o(e defense(an, #ilon "la-ed for t ree tea(s t roug out is 1)--ear /,' career, t e /ew =or< >slanders, /ew =or< 6angers and St. 'ouis Blues, but is "ri(arilrecogni2ed for is ti(e wit t e >slanders. #ilon (ade is debut in t e 1:88[8: /,' season, "la-ing 41 ga(es, recording 14 assists and 141 "enalt- (inutes for t e /ew =or< >slanders. ,e would "la- 1* season t ere before being clai(ed on wai0ers .ece(ber 1, 1::: b- t e /ew =or< 6angers. ,e "la-ed "arts of two seasons as a 6anger. ,e was traded to t e San !ose S ar<s for a 5t round draft "ic<, da-s before e beca(e an unrestricted free agent

3"

in 1**1. ,e was t en signed b- t e St. 'ouis Blues on !ul- 1*, 1**1. ,e "la-ed 8 ga(es for t e Blues until e suffered a bro<en left wrist in a ga(e against t e 6angers. 3 is ended is oc<e- career. Pilon, (obert. 6obert #ilon, a Metis fro( #rince Albert, Sas<atc ewan is "resentl- t e interi( #resident of t e Metis %ederation of &anada. ,e is a "ast #resident of t e 7s awa and .ur a( M$tis &ouncil. >n 1**8, 6obert was inducted into t e #rince Albert S"orts ,all of %a(e for initiating t e #rince Albert S"orts &ouncil in 1:84.

6obert #ilon, .an ;oodon, !oe ;oodon and .ennis Beber at Metisfest 1*11, Iillarne-, Manitoba. # oto b- S aron Beber. After (o0ing to 7s awa 7ntario in 1**1, 6obert Moined t e local M$tis co((unitand ser0ed as "resident of t e 7s awa and .ur a( 6egion M$tis &ouncil for o0er 5 -ears "rior to resigning in %ebruar- 1*13. ,e t en beca(e con0inced t at t ere was so(et ing different e needed to do to "ro(ote M$tis rig ts fro( a broader "ers"ecti0e. ,a0ing co(e to <now (an- M$tis fro( across &anada, e belie0ed t at t ere needed to be a national organi2ation t at would recogni2e all M$tis [ fro( coast to coast to coast [ w ic as broug t i( to be "art of t e founding (e(bers of t e M$tis %ederation of &anada. #ersonal state(entE

,'

7ne of ten c ildren, > was raised in #rince Albert Sas<atc ewan. Bot of (- "arents descended fro( a long line of M$tis fa(ilies, going bac< to t e Batoc e co((unit- 14, and "rior to t at, t e 6ed 6i0er settle(ent in Manitoba. > grew u" <nowing onl- a little about (- bac<ground but 0er- (uc li0ed a M$tis lifest-le [ (- fat er and grand"arents s"o<e Mic if, we ate traditional M$tis foods, listened to t e (usic, danced t e old dances, and "la-ed t e M$tis ga(es. M- fa(ilwent berr- "ic<ing, and (an- also unted and fis ed. At t e sa(e ti(e > did not -et a0e a full understanding t e significance of our culture and t e (assi0e contribution we (ade to establis ing our great countr- and to t e building of t is nation. As an adult > started beco(ing in0ol0ed, initiall- as a (e(ber of t e Manitoba %ederation w en li0ing in Binni"eg, and later as a (e(ber of t e Sas<atc ewan %ederation. At t e sa(e ti(e > was learning (ore and (ore about (- own fa(il- roots wit a growing a""reciation of our eritage. > a0e also wor<ed wit a nu(ber of organi2ations in a 0oluntar- and board (e(ber ca"acit- t roug out (uc of (- adult life. > was "resident of t e Sas<atc ewan 3able 3ennis Association for a nu(ber of -ears, and recentl- was inducted into t e #rince Albert S"orts ,all of %a(e for initiating t e #rince Albert S"orts &ouncil in 1:84, w ic is still acti0e toda-. As "resident of t e 7s awa M$tis &ouncil, > a0e de0elo"ed and wor<ed wit (fellow M$tis citi2ens on a nu(ber of "rogra(s to increase "artici"ation and build a growing a""reciation of our eritage - including social e0ents w ere we enMo- traditional (usic, dancing and M$tis foods, and our %irst UM$tis ,eritage &elebration .a-U w ic s owcased our culture to t e larger co((unit-.

Pineau, Peter. (b. 1554) #ineau was t e son of !ose" #ineau and an unna(ed Missouri >ndian wo(an. ,e was a (e(ber of t e 'ewis and &lar<Ds Cx"edition of .isco0er- in 18*4, but is not (entioned in t e Mournals after t at -ear. ,e ad "robabl- returned to St. 'ouis wit #ierre .orionDs returning raft crew. Pinette, ,illes. (b. 1:51) ;illes is a Metis fa(il- " -sician and freelance writer li0ing in Binni"eg. ,e grew u" in Binscart , Manitoba and was t e first in is fa(il- to go to (edical sc ool. ,e writes a regular (edical colu(n for se0eral "rairie news"a"ers and as aut ored se0eral boo<s, including t e 5#original )ealthy Life Series, due s ortl- fro( /ingwa<we 'earning #ress. ;illes osts Medicine Chest a regular "rogra( on t e Aboriginal #eo"leDs 3ele0ision /etwor<. .r. #inette is also an Frgent &are " -sician at Binni"egDs Misericordia ,os"ital, a lecturer and instructor at t e Fni0ersit- of ManitobaDs %acult- of Medicine and Associate director of t e uni0ersit-Ds S"ecial #re(edical Studies #rogra( w ic recruits and su""orts Aboriginal students enrolled in ealt sciences.
14

,1

>n 1**1, e was gi0en a /ational Metis =out 6ole Model Award fro( t e Metis /ational =out Ad0isor- &ouncil. >n 1**1, ;illes was recogni2ed in Maclean!s (aga2ine onour roll, w ic ac<nowledges &anadians w o are (a<ing a difference. ,e was t e reci"ient of an Aboriginal Ac ie0e(ent Award in 1**1. Pinette, Moni3a. (b. 1:55) Monica #inette was born on %eb. ), 1:55 at 'angleB.&. Monica recei0ed a /ational Aboriginal Ac ie0e(ent Award in 1*1* for contribution to s"ort. 3 e %oundationDs write-u" of er ac ie0e(ents sa-sE Inown as t e onl- Aboriginal at lete at t e 1**4 and 1**8 7l-("ic ;a(es, Ms. #inette el"ed raise t e "rofile of t e "entat lon in &anada. A "entat lete (ust excel in fi0e disci"lines w ic include "istol s ooting, e"ee fencing, 1** ( freest-le swi((ing, s ow Mu("ing and a 3 <( cross-countr- run. Ms. #inette was also t e first &anadian fe(ale to e0er Gualif- for t e 7l-("ics in t e "entat lon >n order to s ow "eo"le ow Ms. #inette "re"ares erself as an elite 7l-("ic at lete, s e agreed to do a docu(entar- called The .ourney - er Mourne- to t e BeiMing 7l-("ics. >t (oti0ated er to de0ote (ore ti(e (entoring ot er -oung wo(en in t e s"ort and el"ing coac t e &anadian !uniors to t e Borld & a("ions i"s in 3aiwan. Monica as Gualified for t e world c a("ions i"s e0er- -ear since 1**1, was t e first fe(ale "entat lete to e0er Gualif- for t e 7l-("ic ;a(es, and er 13 t "lace in At ens in 1**4 was t e ig est a &anadian "entat lete as e0er finis ed in t e 7l-("ics, (ale or fe(ale. S e was also t e lone &anadian Aboriginal at lete co("eting in At ens. S e as also ad t e best world cu" and world cu" final results of an- &anadian "entat lete e0er. >n er first #an A(erican ;a(es, w ere s e finis ed 5t . >n 1**3, #inette also (ade it to t e Borld &u" %inal in At ens, finis ing in 14t s"ot. S e i("ro0ed t at to 1*t "lace at two different Borld &u"s in 1**4. >n er t ird Borld & a("ions i" a""earance, #inette i("ro0ed again to 33rd in 1**4. 3 at set t e stage for er 0er- successful 13t "lace finis at t e 1**4 7l-("ic ;a(es. Monica continued er "rogression b- winning t e ;old (edal in t e #an A(erican & a("ions i"s in Mexico &it- in !une 1**4 and a sil0er (edal in t e 1**5 #an A(erican ;a(es. !une 1, 1**8, #inette was in Buda"est to co("ete in t e (odern "entat lon world c a("ions i"s. B en s e crossed t e finis line in 11t "lace, it was

,!

"er a"s er best result -et. >n t e 1**8 BeiMing 7l-("ics s e "laced 15 t . S e recei0ed t e Britis &olu(bia #re(ierDs At letic Award in 1**:. Plante, !asile. (b. 18)4) Basile was born on Ma- 1*, 18)4 at St. Boni-face, t e son of Magloire #lante and >sabelle 'owe dit /ault. ,e (arried Madeleine 'a"lante on !une 14, 185: at St. %ran8oise 9a0ier. 3 e- later (o0ed to %ort Cllice t en to .uc< 'a<e. 3 e cou"le ad four c ildren. Basile was a (e(ber of &a"tain Ba"tiste #ri(eauDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Plou? dit @illebrune, .aniel. (184)) .aniel was born /o0e(ber 5, 184), t e son of 'ouis #louf dit Hillebrune and 'ouise &ollin. >n 1848, at &arlton, e (arried &at erine & atelaine and after er deat e (arried Marie 'ouise & atelaine in 1851. ,e and is brot er %rancis are s own on ;arnotDs list of 6esistance "artici"ants. Plou? dit @illebrune, Fran3is. %rancis t e son of 'ouis #louf dit Hillebrune and 'ouise &ollin. ,e and is brot er .aniel are s own on ;arnotDs list of 188) 6esistance "artici"ants. Plourde, Franois dit #a3$ues. (b. 15:3) !acGues was born in 15:3 at t e 6ed 6i0er Settle(ent, t e son of !ose" #lourde and Frsula Arbour. 7n /o0e(ber 3, 181: e (arried Su2anne .ubois at St. Boniface. #lourde, is wife and fi0e c ildren (Adelaide, %rancois !r., Andr$, MoniGue and 7li0er), were (e(bers of t e !a(es Sinclair-led grou" of 6ed 6i0er ,alf-Breed and Metis e(igrants for t e &olu(bia. 3 is 15**-(ile tri" too< t e( fro( B ite ,orse #lains to %ort Hancou0er and finall- %ort /isGuall-. !e((- !oc< Bird acted as t eir guide for t e "art of t e Mourne- t at crossed Blac<foot territor-. 7n 7ctober 11, 1841, after a 13*-daMourne- t e grou" reac ed %ort Hancou0er on t e &olu(bia 6i0er. >n t e 7regon 3erritor- t ere are records t at indicate t e c ildrenDs (arriages. MoniGue (b. 1838 in 6ed 6i0er) (arried #ascal #aGuette, Ma- 11, 18)) at St. 'ouis, 7regonN Alexander (b. 1841) (arried Marguerite #aloGuin on !anuar- 11, 1843 at St. 'ouis, 7regonN Albert (b. .ece(ber 18, 1844 at ;er0ais, 7regon) (arried Mar- S(it in 1848 at Marion &ount-, 7regonN Basile (b. Se"te(ber 11, 1844 at ;er0ais, 7regon) (arried Cli2abet Bar<er in 1848N A(brose (b. !ul- 1*, 1848 at ;er0ais, 7regon) (arried Iat erine Bouc er and Cleanor #lourde was born on !ul- 3*, 184: in 7regon. Poitras, Amelie. A(elie was (arried to ;eorges %is er and was one of t e eroines of t e 188) 6esistance. Poitras, Audre'. (b. 1:)*) See Audre- .u(ont. Poitras, :0arles =30ee-Non". (b. 1843) & arles was born in St %rancis 9a0ier on 18 %ebruar- 1843 e died /o0e(ber 1, 1:11 at Belcourt. ,e was t e son of !ose" dit BeaucasGue #oitras (b. 18*4, died 184:)

,3

and Susanne 'a0erdure (b. 181*). & arles @3c ee /onA (arried Marie Breland on August 5, 185) at 'ebret Mission and ad 4 c ildren. ,e "assed awa- on 1:*8. ,e (arried Marie Mal0ina Breland (b. 18)3). 3 eir daug ter C(elie (b. 1858 at Bood Mountain) (arried 'ouis W#a -dwa--we-dugW Marion dit 'enoir (bE !une 11, 1841 born on t e #rairies.) 'ouis was a councillor to & ief 'ittle S ell >>>. & arles was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band w o signed t e 3urtle Mountain Band of & i""ewa >ndians agree(ent wit #.!. Mc&u(ber on 7ctober 11, 18:1 at t e Belcourt Agenc-. Scri" affida0it for #oitras, & arlesN bornE Binter, 184:N fat erE !ose" #oitras (M$tis)N (ot erE Susanne 'a0erdure (M$tis)N clai( noE 315:N scri" noE 118*5N date of issueE .ec. 3, 1883N a(ountE R14* Poitras, .avid. (1834-18:8) .a0id #oitras was born on Ma- 11, 1834 at 6ed 6i0er, t e son of #ierre #oitras and Marie Bru-ere. ,e (arried Magdeleine St. .enis. ,is brot er ser0ed on 6ielDs &ouncil in 185*, is cousin !ean was (arried to 'ouis 6ielDs sister, ,enriette. >n 1858, .a0id was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. .a0id was arrested for alleged 188) 6esisance acti0ites, owe0er on !ul- 14, 188) !udge 6ouleau dis(issed t e c arges at Battleford. (.ouglas B. 'ig t, Footprints in the (ust. /ort Battle-fordE 3urner-Barwic< #ublications >nc., 1:85E )11.) Poitras, &d4ard. (1:)3) Metis artist Cdward #oitras studied at t e Sas<atc ewan >ndian &ultural &ollege in Sas<atoon in 1:54 under Sarain Stu(",1) w o e(" asi2ed t at artists (ust reflect on all Aboriginal istories. #oitras used art and literature as a wa- to understand is cultures, and found Blac< Cl<Ds 0isionar- writings to be s"irituall- influential. #oitras also studied at Manitou &ollege wit .o(ingo &isneros, w o accentuated t e use of organic (aterials. 3 e influence of Stu(", &isneros, Blac< Cl<, "lus an a""reciation for t e art of Marcel .uc a(" a0e been 0ital to #oitrasD artistic "roduction. ,e co(bines natural and (an-(ade (aterials into co("lex installations t at ex"lore t e dic oto(ies of Aboriginal identit-, and Guestions t e effect of tec nolog- on culture and t e en0iron(ent.14 >n 1:58, #oitras was a lecturer at t e Fni0ersit- of Binni"eg, and t roug (uc of t e 1:8*s e lectured at t e Sas<atc ewan >ndian %ederated &ollege. ,e as been an artist-in-residence at t e .e"art(ent of >ndian and /ort ern Affairs in 7ttawa. #oitrasD wor< as been ex ibited in galleries all o0er /ort A(erica, and e was t e first Aboriginal artist to re"resent &anada at t e "restigious 1::) Venice 3iennale. ,is wor< was included in t e IVth )a*ana 3ienale at t e /ational Museu( of Modern Art in &uba and in t e I:(I9B:5 ex ibit at t e &anadian Museu( of &i0ili2ation in 1::1. 3 e (useu( olds is wor< in t eir "er(anent collection. (&ontributed b- &at erine Mattes.) Poitras, Franois. (b. 181))
1)

Stu(" was also of (ixed-descent, born in >tal- in 1:4), e was t e son of an >talian wo(an and a &ree soldier. Stu(" taug t at t e Sas<atoon ca("us of t e Sas<atc ewan >ndian &ultural &ollege in t e earlse0enties, for a -ear and a alf until is unti(el- deat . !Cdward #oitras, artist state(ent in Indigena G Contemporary :ati*e Perspecti*es ,ull, Lu$bec, &anadian Museu( of &i0ili2ation, 1::1E 14*.

6 2 ,,

%rancois was born on %ebruar- 15, 181) at %ort Cllice, t e son of Andre #oitras and Marguerite ;rant. ,e (arried Madeleine %is er, t e daug ter of ,enr- Munroe %is er and Marguerite 'afra(boise in 18)* at #e(bina, /ort .a<ota. >n 1858, &ut bert was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. Poitras, ,abriel 1u 1erde 1urret". (b. 181*) ;abriel was t e son of Andre ,enri #oitras !r. and Marguerite ;rant (b. 154*) and Marguerite ;rant (b. 15:* at LuDA""elle). ,e (arried >sabelle Malaterre, daug ter of !ean Ba"tiste Malaterre and AngeliGue Ada(, on %ebruar- 1, 1841, at St. %rancois 9a0ier. ;abriel #oitrasW wife, >sabelle Malaterre, was t e sister of Marie Malaterre, w o was 'ouis 6ielWs wifeWs (ot er. ;abrielWs brot er, #ierre, was a (e(ber of 'ouis 6ielWs "ro0isional go0ern(ent of 185*. ;abriel signed t e 1858 &-"ress ,ills Metis ,unting Band "etition for a reser0e as did is brot er-in-law 'ouis Malaterre ,e was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band w o signed t e 3urtle Mountain Band of & i" "ewa >ndians agree(ent wit #.!. Mc&u(ber on 7ctober 11, 18:1 at t e Belcourt Agenc-. Scri" affida0it for #oitras, ;abrielN bornE !ul-, 181*N fat erE #oitras (%renc &anadian)N (ot erE Marguerite ;rant (M$tis)N clai( noE 14)4N scri" noE 11114N date of issueE A"r. 1*, 1855N a(ountE R14* Poitras, ,abriel *a 14is" #r.. (b. 1845) Born 1845 at B ite ,orse #lains, t e son of ;abriel #oitras Sr. and >sabelle Malaterre. ,e (arried Marie Anne A(-otte %ebruar- 184: at .irt ,ills. ,e was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band w o signed t e 3urtle Mountain Band of & i""ewa >ndians agree(ent wit #.!. Mc&u(ber on 7ctober 11, 18:1 at t e Belcourt Agenc-. #oitras !r., ;abriel - &oncerning is clai( as a ead of fa(il- - Address, 3urtle Mountain - Born, 1845 at B ite ,orse #lains - %at er, ;abriel #oitras Sr., (M$tis) Mot er, >sabelle Mallaterre, (M$tis) - Married, %ebruar-, 184: at .irt ,ills to Marie Anne A(iot - & ildren li0ing, fi0e (na(es on declaration) - & ildren deceased, two Scri" for R14*.** - &lai( 1435 a Poitras, Aenr' 1us-s4ain" :0asseur. (b. 1813) ,enr- was born in August of 1813, t e son of ,enr- #oitras Sr. (b. 15:4) and Marie ;eorge (b. 18*5), t e daug ter of %rederic< ;eorge and !ose" te. ,enr- !r. (arried &at erine %agnant, t e daug ter of !ean Ba"tiste %agnant and !ose" te Monet dit Bel u(eur in 18)1 at St. !ose" . 3 e cou"le ad nine c ildren. ,enr-, is wife and t eir nine c ildren are s own as recei0ing 3urtle Mountain Band annuities in 1848 onward. 3 e- also a""ear on t e 3urtle Mountain Band census counts. >n 18:3, t e- a0e t ree ado"ted daug ters li0ing wit t e(N # ilo(ene 'adeux (11)N Marie 'adeux (4) and .ei(i Anna 'adeux (3). ,enr- was a counselor for & iefs 'ittle S ell >> and >>>. ,e was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band w o signed t e 3urtle Mountain Band of & i""ewa >ndians agree(ent wit #.!. Mc&u(ber on 7ctober 11, 18:1 at t e Belcourt Agenc-. Poitras, Aomer. (1:41)

,5

,o(er was born at t e Bolf 'a<e Metis Settle(ent in Alberta. ,is grandfat er !ose" %. .ion ga0e i( is first fiddle. ,o(er as recei0ed (an- awards for is "reser0ation and "ro(otion of Metis fiddle (usic and Metis dance. ,is wor< can be eard on t e recentl- released &., (rops of 3randy (Sas<atoonE ;abriel .u(ont >nstitute, 1**1). ,e currentl- li0es at Cl< #oint, Alberta. Poitras, Igna3e Benon 1r. (b. 181:) >gnace was born at 6ed 6i0er, t e son of Andre #oitras and Marie ;rant. ,e (arried ,elene Mc;illis. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain &alixte 'afontaineDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. >n is testi(on- of August 13,188) at t e 6egina trial %at er Alexis Andre sa-sE @> a0e <nown t e old (an (>gnace Sr.) for fifteen -ears since e ca(e and settled on t e Sas<atc ewan. ,e is one of t e (ost si("le onest and "eaceable (en in t e w ole settle(ent, ne0er (ixing in an- agitation or trouble. > a( 0er- inti(atel- acGuainted wit i(. > a0e often been is guest, and alwa-s found a welco(e at is os"itable ouse. ,is industr- and econo(- (ade i( a co(fortable and well-off (an. ,e was, fortunatel- for t e "risoners in 6ielDs care, one of t eir guards, and > was told b- se0eral of t e( t at e was <ind and good to t e( alwa-s. ,e is about sixt- (sic) -ears of age and as a wife and ten c ildren, e as lost e0er-t ing. 3 e -oung (an (>gnace !r.) was wit is fat er and is a ar(less -out . 3 e old (an is old and feeble, and as suffered 0er- greatl- in ealt and "ros"erit-. 3 e best interests of Mustice would, > t in< be satisfied b- sending i( o(e to is "oor fa(il-. (&S#, 1884, Hol. 13, ". 38)) Poitras, Igna3e Benon #r. (b. 18)*) >gnace was t e son of >gnace Xenon #oitras Sr. and ,elene Mc;illis. ,e (arried %lorence .ubois. >gnace "artici"ated in t e 188) 6esistance and was wit ;abriel .u(ont at t e Battle of %is &ree<. ,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain .aniel ;ari$"-Ds co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. >gnace !r. ser0ed a gaol sentence of one -ear wit ard labour as a result of is "artici"ation in t e Metis 6esistance of 188). Poitras, #ean !a/tiste. (184)-188)) !ean Ba"tiste was t e son of >gnace #oitras and ,elene Mc;illis. >n 1858, !ean Ba"tiste was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. ,e was one of four #oitras brot ers w o foug t during t e 188) 6esistance. ,e died at age 1* on August 14, 188) at Batoc e. Poitras dit !eau3as$ue, #ose/0. (b. 1818)

,-

!ose" was born in 1818, t e son of Andre #oitras and Marguerite ;rant.15 ,e (arried Susanne 'a0erdure, t e daug ter of Alexie 'a0erdure and AngeliGue Montour. S e was born 181* in /ort west 3erritories. ,e listed i(self as a "lains unter. !ose" was a 3urtle Mountain Band (e(ber. !ose" signed t e 1858 &-"ress ,ills Metis ,unting Band "etition for a reser0e Poitras, #ose/0 Cnee :ros0" :ornen3e". (b. 184:) !ose" was born on A"ril ), 184: (d. 1:*8 in Bel-court, /ort .a<ota). ,e was t e son of !ose" dit BeaucasGue #oitras (b. 18*4) and Susanne 'a0erdure (b. 181*). ,e (arried Marie !ose" ine 6ain0ille (b. 1844) in 188*. ,e was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band w o signed t e 3urtle Mountain Band of & i""ewa >ndians agree(ent wit #.!. Mc&u(ber on 7ctober 11, 18:1 at t e Belcourt Agenc-. Poitras, #ose/0 !. (b. 1844) !ose" was born at 6ed ri0er, t e son of #ierre #oitras Sr. and Marie Bru-ere. ,e (arried Clise Breland. >n t e 184*s t e- were li0ing along t e /ort Sas<atc ewan 6i0er and t en (o0ed to t e Bresa-lor Settle(ent. .uring t e 188) 6esistance e was on t e &anadian side, e("lo-ed as a scout. (.ouglas B. 'ig t, Footprints in the (ust. /ort Battle-fordE 3urner-Barwic< #ublications >nc., 1:85E 151.) Poitras, *lo'd, MNA 1enator. (b. 1:1:) 'lo-d #oitras is t e son of %rancis #oitras and Maggie Boudreau. ,e (arried Hal .ion, daug ter of !oe .ion t e first "resident of t e Metis /ation - Alberta. 3 e cou"le celebrated t eir 4)t wedding anni0ersar- in 1**1. B en 'lo-d got in0ol0ed in Metis "olitics e was Moe .ionDs bod-guard and c auffeur. ,e went on to beco(e a board (e(ber of Metis /ation Alberta and ser0ed on t e ClderDs &ouncil and as a Senator. .uring BB>> 'lo-d ser0ed in t e &anadian %orces in %rance, ,olland and Belgiu(. 7n Se"te(ber 15, 1**1 t e Metis /ational &ouncil awarded i( t e ;olden !ubilee Medal. 3 e Metis /ational &ouncil was "ro0ided wit 1* ;olden !ubilee Medals b- t e ;o0ernor ;eneral of &anada, co((e(orating t e )*t Anni0ersar- of ,er MaMest-Ds reign. 3 e- c ose to award t ese (edals to 1* Metis Heterans w o acce"ted t e( on be alf of t e(sel0es, t eir fallen co(rades and t eir fellow Metis Heterans across &anada. 3 e cere(on-, eld in Cd(onton, recogni2ed t e outstanding contributions of Metis Heterans to t eir fellow citi2ens, t eir co((unit- and to &anada. Poitras, Mar'anne. (b. 1:13) See Mar-anne .eno(ie Poitras, Maxime. (b. 1843) Maxi(e was t e son of >gnace #oitras and ,elene Mc;illis. After t e 6esistance e (arried Cli2abet ,enr-. ,is fat er and t ree brot ers also foug t at Batoc e. Poitras, Mi30el. (b. 1845)

!7

Marguerite was t e daug ter of &ut bert ;rant Sr. and Ft(iniwasis. S e was born 15:* in LuWA""elle, and died A"ril *:, 1844 in St Boniface.

,7

Mic el was t e son of >gnace #oitras and ,elene Mc;illis. ,e (arried C(elie &arriere, t e daug ter of .a(ase &arriere in 1:*1 .,e was a (e(ber of &a"tain Auguste 'afra(boiseD co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Poitras, Modeste Co =a0 Mas0" (b. 18)*) Modeste was born in 18)* at St. %rancois 9a0ier, t e son of ;abriel #oitras (b. 1814) and >sabelle Malaterre. Modeste (arried Cl(ire Bonneau (born in 18)1), at St. %rancois 9a0ier in 1851. Cl(ire, owe0er, was widowed w en Modeste was, according to fa(il- legend, <illed during a buffalo unt in t e .a<ota territories. 7ut of t is union, t ere arose four c ildren, t ree sons, and a daug ter. 3 e daug ter, owe0er, died, again according to legend, during t e tri" nort to t e LuWA""elle 0alle-, near "resent da'ebret. Cl(ireDs t ree sons sur0i0ed. 3 eir na(es were Ba"tiste, Xac ar-, and ;regoire. All t ree c ildren "roduced large fa(ilies. ;regoire, (arried &elina #arisian, daug ter of Solo(on #arisian and 'i2a Melanie MaMor. ,e was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band w o signed t e 3urtle Mountain Band of & i""ewa >ndians agree(ent wit #.!. Mc&u(ber on 7ctober 11, 18:1 at t e Belcourt Agenc-. Poitras, Morris. (b. 1:11) Morris was born in 'ebret, Sas<atc ewan, Ma- 1*, 1:11. ,is (ot er was C(ilBrabant fro( >tuna, and is fat er, 3o( #oitras. C(il-Ws fat er was &le( Brabant and er (ot er was !oe 'arocGuesW sister. 3o(Ws "arents were #ierre #oitras and %reisen .esMarlais. As a -oung c ild, Morris (o0ed to %ile ,ills to li0e wit is grandfat er, #ierre. 'ater, at eig t -ears of age, is grandfat er too< i( to 'estoc< w ere e was ado"ted b/orbert 'afontaine and is wife Melanie (nee .esMarlais). Morris as one sister /ora (now late), (arried to ;eorge Braun w o currentl- li0es in Sas<atoon. ,is wife, Mar-anne .eno(ie, Mar-anne was born in 'estoc< on Marc 3*, 1:13. ,er (ot er was %rancis .eno(ie, nee Bouc er, t e daug ter of ,illiard Bouc er. .ece(ber 13, 1**1 (ar<ed t eir )5t -ear of (arriage. 3oget er t e- raised nine of t eir own c ildren, ado"ted two (ore, raised two grandc ildren and also raised 18 foster c ildren. As a -oung (an, Morris wor<ed for a far(er in &u"ar before Moining t e ar(- in Sas<atoon in 1:41. .uring BB>>, Morris ser0ed in t e &anadian %orces. ,e first went to .undurn, t en to #etawawa. %ro( t ere e went to /o0a Scotia and later s i""ed out of ,alifax on t e C("ire #ride for an 18 da- tri" to 'i0er"ool, Cngland. %ro( 'i0er"ool, Morris went to Sicil- and t en to >tal-. ,e also ser0ed in t eatres of war in ,olland, Belgiu( and %rance, wit t e :t %ield Battalion and t e 1st .i0ision 6o-al &anadian Cngineers (1st .i0.). Morris was wounded t ree ti(es, once sustaining a ead wound and anot er ti(e, a bullet in t e bac<. ,e was also urt anot er ti(e w en e was caug t in a colla"sing building. Morris recei0ed a nu(ber of (edals in recognition of is contribution to t e war effort for world "eace. F"on is return in 1:4), Morris recalls t at e onl- recei0ed a s(all a(ount of lu(ber to el" build a ouse, along wit a s(all a(ount of une("lo-(ent insurance. ,e ad owe0er boug t Sa0ings Bonds wit is ar(- "a-, and after t e war was able to bu- land u"on w ic to build is ouse. >n t e (eanti(e, Mar-anne recalls t at during t e war s e "ic<ed a""les in B.&., getting 1* cents for e0er- box full s e "ic<ed. S e ad also (arried er first usband, w o died before t e war was o0er.

,8

B en t e war ended, s e beca(e reacGuainted wit Morris, w o used to be a c ild ood friend t roug is acti0ities wit er brot ers. S ortl- after is return t e- got (arried. >n ter(s of sc ooling, bot Morris and Mar-anne recalled t at t e- could not ta<e ad0antage of going to sc ool as Morris li0ed four (iles fro( t e sc ool and Mar-anne, o0er t ree (iles. B ile Morris (issed out on an education and canWt read, Mar-anne was (ore fortunate as er fat er taug t is c ildren at o(e. Morris is also "roud to sa- t at alt oug e canWt read, e does s"ea< &ree, Saulteaux and Mic if, t at t e "eo"le w o ado"ted i(, t e 'afontaines, s"o<e Mic if. ,e also s"ea<s Cnglis , and sa-s t at e "ic<ed u" so(e >talian w ile stationed in >tal-. After t e war, Morris recalls t at t e- used to "ic< Seneca roots, recei0ing R1.** "er "ound, w ic Mar-anne stated certainl- beat "ic<ing a""les at 1* cents a box. Morris also tra""ed and unted, stating t at is fa0orite (eals were "artridge and rabbit. Bot Morris and Mar-anne recalled t at t e M$tis around 'estoc< li0ed on t e road allowances in log s ac<s. 3 e log s ac<s were s"read out, wit about 11 of t e(. 3 e s ac<s were c in<ed wit cla- and generall- not w itewas ed. 3 e- also ad sod roofs, wit weeds growing on t e(. Morris stated t at a lot of t e M$tis tra""ed. ,e recalls tra""ing (us<rats, getting about R1.** "er rat, and 1* cents for eac rabbit fur. ;enerall-, Morris recalls t at t e M$tis around 'estoc< (ade a li0ing in a si(ilar wa-, t at is, tra""ing, "ic<ing Seneca roots, s ooting rabbits and so on. ,e furt er stated t at t e- would a0e ot er M$tis gi0e t e( fis fro( t e LuWA""elle 'a<es. >n ter(s of M$tis culture, Morris and Mar-anne relate t at a lot of t e M$tis (en fro( around 'estoc< and %ort LuWA""elle "la-ed t e fiddle, including one of er brot ers. 3 e- recalled a lot of dances being organi2ed, including at t eir ouse. Morris recalled t at in t ose da-s it cost about R1.)* to U(a<e a danceU, b- su""l-ing sandwic es, tea, and coffee. 3 e- also fondl- recall t at t eir daug ters, '-la and 'isa won t e Migging contest at Batoc e in 1::) or W:4. Morris and Mar-anne e0entuall- (o0ed to 6egina w ere Morris wor<ed as a welder. ,owe0er, due to is inMuries in t e war, Morris finall- ad to recei0e (edical attention in order to a0e correcti0e surger- to is bac< in t e late 1:)*s. Mar-anne, in order to co"e wit t is new de0elo"(ent decided to (o0e er fa(il- bac< to 'estoc<. B- t at ti(e t e- ad ) -oung c ildren. So Mar-anne rented t eir 6egina ouse out at R5) a (ont , and rented a s(all far( ouse in 'estoc< for R1*. S e next sold t eir tele0ision and ot er non-essential ouse old goods and "urc ased a cow and calf. Soon s e was able to sell R4* wort of crea( a (ont . S e also "ut u" a- wit er brot er and s ared in t e "rofits. Soon s e was able to get (ore li0estoc<. Mar-anne e(" aticall- stated, wit great "ride, t at s e did all of t is because s e did not want to rel- on welfare. After MorrisW successful surger-, and is con0alescence, e0er-t ing was sold and t e- (o0ed bac< to 6egina around 1:41. %urt er, after a lot of inGuiries, Morris was finall- "ro0ided wit a "ension fro( .HA beginning in 1:41 due to t e bac< inMuries sustained in t e war. >n 1:41, Morris went to wor< at >"sco as a welder until is retire(ent 1: -ears later, at w ic ti(e t e- (o0ed to Mar-anneWs fat erWs far( in 'estoc<. 3 irteen -ears later t e- (o0ed bac< to 6egina, bu-ing t e current ouse t e- are now li0ing in. >n reference to t e far(, Mar-anne Guite e(" aticall- states t at t e far( w ic er fat er left to is

65 ,"

fa(il- will ne0er be sold. S e fir(l- belie0es t at one of er sons will ta<e it o0er, and <ee" it in t e fa(il-. Mar-anne "roudl- dis"la-ed er crafts. Being t e industrious "erson t at s e is, Mar-anne continues to generate inco(e b- (a<ing crafts w ic s e sells at far(ers (ar<ets, es"eciall- at %ort LuWA""elle. 3 e crafts (ade b- Mar-anne are (an-, including Guilts, <nit soc<s, wra" around (occasins, "in cus ions, at sets, wall angings, earrings, drea( catc ers, (itts, and (an- (ore. S e actuall- (ade a good sale w en > boug t a nu(ber of t ese beautiful "ieces. Morris, reflects t at w ile e as li0ed a good life, e still is waiting for Mustice to a""en for t e M$tis 0eterans w o "roudl- ser0ed t eir countr- and t e world, but did not recei0e t e sa(e treat(ent accorded non-Aboriginal Heterans. 7n Se"te(ber 15, 1**1 t e Metis /ational &ouncil awarded Morris t e ;olden !ubilee Medal. 3 e Metis /ational &ouncil was "ro0ided wit 1* ;olden !ubilee Medals b- t e ;o0ernor ;eneral of &anada, co((e(orating t e )* t Anni0ersar- of ,er MaMest-Ds reign. 3 e- c ose to award t ese (edals to 1* Metis Heterans w o acce"ted t e( on be alf of t e(sel0es, t eir fallen co(rades and t eir fellow Metis Heterans across &anada. 3 e cere(on-, eld in Cd(onton recogni2ed t e outstanding contributions of Metis Heterans to t eir fellow citi2ens, t eir co((unit- and to &anada. (&ontributed b- Iat - ,odgson-S(it .) Poitras, Norbert. (b. 184*) /orbert was born on Ma- 4, 184* at S%9, t e son of ;abriel #oitras and >sabelle Malaterre. ,e (arried Melanie 'afra(boise in 1884, t e daug ter of %rancois 'afra(boise and Marie 3rottier. 3 e- ad t ree c ildren. ,e t en (arried &elina .elor(e, t e daug ter of Frbain .elor(e and Cli2abet Belanger before 18:5. 3 e- ad ele0en c ildren. ,e was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band w o signed t e 3urtle Mountain Band of & i""ewa >ndians agree(ent wit #.!. Mc&u(ber on 7ctober 11, 18:1 at t e Belcourt Agenc-. Poitras, Pierre. (181*-188:) #ierre foug t at t e Battle of t e ;rand &oteau. 3 is battle too< "lace between a Metis buffalo unting "art- fro( St. %ran8ois 9a0ier, led b- !ean Ba"tiste %alcon and t e &ut ,ead (#aba<sa) =an<tonai (> an<tonwanna), .a<ota, led b- & ief Medicine (Sacred) Bear, on !ul- 1) to 14, 18)1. #ierre #oitras was born in 181*, at %ort Cs"erance, LuDA""elle Halle-, /ort west 3erritories. ,is (ot er was Marguerite ;rant, sister to &ut bert ;rant and is fat er was Andre ,enri #oitras fro( St. %o-e, Luebec. Andre #oitras was one of t e founders of St. %rancois 9a0ier. 3 is was a buffalo unting fa(il- alwa-s acti0e on t e "lains. 3 e fa(il- was Guite large wit relations on bot sides of t e border. Andre, so(eti(es <nown as ,enri died circa 1831 at St. !ose" , .a<ota 3erritor-. #ierre #oitras (arried Marie Bru-ere, t e daug ter of !ean Ba"tiste Bru-ere and %rancoise (Ser"ente) on /o0e(ber 15, 1831 at St. Boniface. 3 e- ad ele0en c ildren toget er. #ierre #oitras was a re"resentati0e to t e &on0ention of %ort- re"resenting is o(e district of St. %rancois 9a0ier. ,e was also a delegate to t e "re0ious &on0ention of 14, /o0e(ber 14, 184:. #ierre beca(e one of t e 14 (e(bers of t e 'egislati0e Asse(blof Assiniboia led b- 'ouis 6iel. 7n !une 14, 185*, ,on. Mr #ierre #oitras seconded ,on.

5'

Mr 'ouis Sc (idtDs (otion @3 at t e 'egislati0e Asse(bl- of Assiniboia acce"ts, in t e na(e of t e "eo"le, t e Manitoba ActA, t us entering t e .o(inion of &anada on t e ter(s "ro"osed in t e &onfederation Act. ,e was sei2ed and (istreated b- Bolsele-Ds troo"s w en t e- ca(e to 6ed 6i0er in August of 185* (along wit %ran8ois 9a0ier .au" inais and %ran8ois 9a0ier #ag$e). ,e would also witness t e signing of 3reat- /u(ber 4 in t e LuDA""elle Halle-, in 1854. Poitras, Pierre #r. (b. 1834) #ierre #oitras was born on /o0e(ber 11, 1834 at St. %rancois 9a0ier, t e son of #ierre #oitras and Marie Bru-er. ,e was t e grandson of Andre #oitras, t e founder of St. %rancois 9a0ier. #ierre (arried >sabelle Bre(ner, t e daug ter of Billia( Bre(ner and Marguerite Allard on %ebruar- 14, 184* at St. %rancois 9a0ier. 3 e- ad ele0en c ildren. #ierre was found wintering at Bood Mountain /B3 in 1853. >n 1854, e sold is land at St. %rancois 9a0ier and later a""lied for Scri" in 1855. >n t e 185*s t e- ad c ildren born at St. 'aurent on t e Sout Sas<atc ewan and at 'ebret in t e LuDA""elle 0alle-. #ierre signed a Se"te(ber 1, 188* #etition fro( #eter 'a#ierre and ot er ,alfbreeds of LuWA""elle Settle(ent concerning Metis land clai(s t at subseGuentl- goes unanswered b- t e go0ern(ent.18 3 is "etition was addressed to t e MarGuis of 'orne, U3 is u(ble "etition of #eter 'a#ierre, Si(on Blondin, !o n %is er, Alexander %is er, !o n Si("son, 9a0ier .eno((e, and ot ers. 3 e na(e #ierre #oitras is a(ong ele0en signatories on t e LuDA""elle "etition of 1853 as<ing t at t e 'ieutenant ;o0ernor, @gi0e us lands in co("ensation of our rig ts to t e lands of t e countr- as M$tis.A #ierre also signed t e Metis #etition of August 1:, 1881 fro( t e LuDA""elle Halle-. 3 is "etition was sent to Cdgar .ewdne-, t e 'ieutenant ;o0ernor of t e /ort -Best 3erritories stating t at t e 7ntario and LuDA""elle 'and co("an- was dis"ossessing t e Metis of t eir lands because t e sur0e-s t at ad been done s owed so(e of t e( to be on railwa- land. A #ierre #oitras also signed as witness to 3reat- %our, %ort LuDA""elle in 1854.

!8

3 e- as< -ou, 1st, 3 at t e ;o0ern(ent allow to t e ,alf-breeds t e rig t of <ee"ing t e lands w ic t e- a0e ta<en or w ic t e- (a- ta<e along t e 6i0er LuWA""elle. 3 e rig t of fis ing in all t e la<es of t e abo0e (entioned ri0er. 3 e rig t of unting freel- in t e "rairies west and sout -west of t e la<es LuWA""elle wit out being arbitraril- indered b- t e >ndians but onl- in 0irtue of t e regulations t at t e >ndians, in concert wit t e ,alf-breeds and t e ;o0ern(ent, s all establis ereafter for t e good of all. 3 e rig t of trading at t e 'a<es and en0irons of t e 'a<es LuWA""elle.

51

Signing 3reat- %our. #ierre #oitras centre seated.

Poitras, =ermie. (b. 1841) 3 eodore #oitras was t e son of #ierre #oitras and Marie Bru-ere. ,e (arried &ecile 'afournaise, t e daug ter of !ean Ba"tiste 'afournaise and Marguerite ;osselin. >n 1858, 3 eodore was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e. ,is brot ers-in-law !erro(e and Billia( 'afournaise also signed t is "etition. Poitras, 1olomon. (1845) Solo(on was t e son of .a0id #oitras and Magdeleine St. .enis. >n 1858, Solo(on was a (e(ber of t e &-"ress ,ills Metis unting band t at "etitioned for a reser0e./ote e signed as an ele0en -ear old. Poitras. ;illiam. (b. 1843) Billia( was born on !anuar- 1*, 1843 in St. %rancois 9a0ier, t e son of ;abriel #oitras and >sabelle Malaterre. ,e (arried Marie Al" onsine .elor(e (b. 1851) in 1888. S e was t e daug ter of Frbaine .elor(e and Cli2abet Belanger. ,e was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band w o signed t e 3urtle Mountain Band of & i""ewa >ndians agree(ent wit #.!. Mc&u(ber on 7ctober 11, 18:1 at t e Belcourt Agenc-. Poitras. Ba30aria0 Ma' 50a keg 4an abe" (b 1848) Xac arie was born on !une 8, 1848 in St %rancois 9a0ier. Xac arieWs "arents were !ose" dit BeaucasGue #oitras (b. 18*4) and Susanne 'a0erdure (bE181*). ,e and Marie Marguerite 6oss (arried in &-"ress ,ills. ,e was a (e(ber of t e 3urtle Mountain Band w o signed t e 3urtle Mountain Band of & i""ewa >ndians agree(ent wit #.!. Mc&u(ber on 7ctober 11, 18:1 at t e Belcourt Agenc-. Pontbriand, #ean !a/tiste. See t e entr- under !ean Ba"tiste Sansregret. Pontbriand, *ouis. 5!

See t e entr- under 'ouis Sansregret. Poole, #o0n +#a3k- ;ilson <!:, <:. (1:33-1**:) !ac< #oole was born on A"ril 13, 1:33 at Mortlac , Sas<atc ewan. ,e was t e -oungest c ild of !o n (!ac<) Higors #oole and is wife Cdit B. ;oalen w o ad one daug ter and two sons (Bett-, ;eorge and !ac<). Mr. #oole wor<ed at t e grain ele0ator after is Masse--,arris far( eGui"(ent dealers i" went bro<e during t e .e"ression and Mrs. #oole was t e local "ost(istress.1: !ac< was a sixt generation Metis t roug an 18t centur- Britis ancestor w o ad arri0ed in Moose %actor- on !a(es Ba- in 1554 to wor< for t e ,udsonWs Ba- &o("an- and (arried a &ree wo(an. After recei0ing is Aboriginal Ac ie0e(ent Award in 1**5, !ac< is Guoted as sa-ingE @> t in< >D( six generations re(o0ed fro( t e &ree lad-, but > a0e a M$tis card, and b- definition, in &anada, >D( an aboriginal "erson. >D0e alwa-s been 0er- "roud of t is fact-to a0e &anadian roots t at go t at far bac<.A >n Marc 1**5 at 6ic (ond in Britis &olu(bia, !ac< #oole was (ade a (e(ber of t e 7rder of t e Sas bt e Metis /ation Britis &olu(bia. Alt oug !ac< ad incredible business success, recei0ed t e 7rder of &anada and recei0ed (anonourar- degrees e will be best <nown for bringing t e 1*1* 7l-("ics and #aral-("ics to &anada. Fnfortunatel- e died on 7ctober 13, 1**: and did not get to see t e fruition of is wor< as c air of t e 7l-("ic 7rgani2ing &o((ittee. !ac< ad a B.Sc. in &i0il Cngineering fro( t e Fni0ersit- of Sas<atc ewan. ,e graduated in 1:)4 and won t e uni0ersities ea0-weig t wrestling c a("ions i" in t e sa(e -ear. #oole was (ade a (e(ber of t e 7rder of Britis &olu(bia in 1**3. ,is in0estiture to an 7fficer of t e 7rder of &anada too< "lace on .ece(ber 14, 1**4. 3 e go0ern(ent state(ent at t e ti(e saidE !ac< #ooleWs "ersonal integrit- and strengt of c aracter are t e all(ar<s of is leaders i". ,e as a""lied is entre"reneurial acu(en to building real estate de0elo"(ent co("anies suc as &oncert #ro"erties. Bit eloGuence and deter(ination, e forged a coalition of dis"arate interests into a united tea( and o0erca(e significant c allenges as e directed Hancou0erWs successful bid to ost t e 1*1* 7l-("ic and #aral-("ic Binter ;a(es. >n is current role as c air of t e organi2ing co((ittee, e is wor<ing to ensure t at t e ;a(es will (erit t e "ride of all &anadians.
1:

3 e fa(il- (o0ed to Mortlac fro( #ar<beg in 1:41. #re0iousl- !ac< H. #oole li0ed in Medora, Manitoba. Cdit was born and raised in &aron and ad (o0ed to #ar<beg as a teac er in 1:13. Cdit was a""ointed #ost-Master at Mortlac in 1:)1 and was followed in t e "osition b- er usband, w o eld it until is deat . Cdit t en returned to t e "osition in 1:)1 until s e decided to (o0e to Moose !aw and resigned in 1:41.

53

,e graduated in 1:)4, t e sa(e -ear t at e won t e ea0-weig t wrestling c a("ions i" at F of S, and i((ediatel- began wor<ing as a (anage(ent trainee at ;ulf 7il in &algar-. ,e subseGuentl- entered t e field of real estate de0elo"(ent. #oole co-founded .aon .e0elo"(ent &or"oration wit ;ra a( .awson, it was t e secondlargest real estate de0elo"(ent co("an- in /ort A(erica until its colla"se in 1:81. ,e subseGuentl- for(ed Hancou0er 'and &or"oration (H'&) in "artners i" wit .a0id #od(ore. 3 is was a "ri0ateO"ublic co("an- ca"itali2ed b- union "ension funds, and engaged in a Moint 0enture to build low cost ousing in Hancou0er. H'& (o0ed into (ar<et-rate condos w en t e rental (ar<et fell a"art and t en was transfor(ed into ;re-stone #ro"erties in t e earl- 1::*s. C0entuall- ;re-stone beca(e &oncert #ro"erties, w ic is now one of t e largest and (ost successful construction co("anies in t e "ro0ince, wit a wor<ing ca"ital of so(e R5)*-(illion and an asset base of slig tlless t an R1.)-billion. Mr. #oole "us ed i(self u"stairs on !une 1, 1::1, as c air of t e board, fulfilling a "ro(ise e ad (ade to Mr. #od(ore, to (a<e i( "resident and &C7 wit in t ree -ears w en t e two (en first went into business toget er. >n 1**5 so(e 1) -ears after e ad sur0i0ed "rostate cancer, #oole was diagnosed wit "ancreatic cancer ,e died of co("lications fro( "ancreatic cancer in os"ital in Hancou0er earl- on 7ct. 13, 1**:. >n is onour t e 7l-("ic fla(e cauldron sits in !ac< #oole #la2a. Potoski, !erni3e. (b. 1:43) See Bernice ;uilbeault. Potts, #err'. (1838-18:4) !err- #otts, also <nown as Iiaa-o IoDsi or Bear & ild, was t e son of trader Andrew 6. #otts and /a(o-"isi (&roo<ed Bac<) a Blood >ndian wo(an of Blac< Cl<Ds band. #otts was a ard drin<ing, un(atc ed fig ter, su"erb guide, and a life-long /ort Best Mounted #olice su""orter. ,e was of s(all stature (fi0e feet six inc es tall) and is slo"ed s oulders ga0e i( t e a""earance of alwa-s slouc ing. ,is fat er died s ortlafter e was born and e was gi0en to Alexander ,ar0e- of t e A(erican %ur &o("anto raise w en /a(o-"isi decided to return to er band. ,ar0e- abused and (istreated !err- before abandoning i( in 184). %ortunatel-, Andrew .awson anot er A%& trader fro( %ort Benton, Montana ado"ted !err-. ,e was a gentle(an, called @t e last Iing of t e Missouri.A ,e saw to t e bo-Ds education, and ensured t at e learned >ndian custo(s and languages. >n is late teens, #otts Moined is (ot erDs "eo"le. ,e started wor<ing for t e A%& and would drift between t e band and .awsonDs o(e. At age 13 e <illed Antoine #ri(eau in a duel s"ar<ed b- an argu(ent. #ottsD first wife was Mar-, a &row wo(an, t eir first c ild Mitc el, was born in 184:. 'ater, w en e (o0ed nort , #otts (arried two sisters, #ant er Bo(an and S"otted Iiller, t e daug ters of #iegan & ief Sitting in t e Middle. >n t e 188*s after is two #iegan wi0es died, #otts (arried for t e fourt ti(e to >su(-its-tsee ('ong 3i(e 'a-ing .own), t e daug ter of Blood & ief 7ne S"ot. S ortl- before is deat in 18:4 is last c ild, Blue ;un, was born to t e(. %ro( 184: to 1854, !err- wor<ed as a unter for 0arious w is<e- traders. .uring t is ti(e, e gained fa(e as a warrior fig ting t e #lains &ree, &row and Sioux. ,is feats were legendar- and e was belie0ed b- t e >ndians to be in0incible. >n 7ctober of 185*,

6 6 5,

#ia"ot and Big BearDs grou"s of &ree and Assiniboine attac<ed a grou" of Blood >ndians at 7ld(an 6i0er. #otts led a grou" of #ieganDs to fig t alongside t e Bloods (#iegans along wit t e Blood were "art of t e Blac<foot &onfederac-). Fnder is leaders i" t erouted t e &ree and slaug tered about 3** of t e(. .uring t is battle, #otts was s ot in t e leg b- an arrow. #otts ca(e to ate t e w is<e- traders because e could see t e effects liGuor was a0ing on is "eo"le (alt oug e ne0er Guit drin<ing i(self). 3 is was one of t e reasons for is long career as a scout inter"reter and guide for t e /BM#Q e res"ected t e wor< t e- did in curtailing t e w is<e- trade. >n 1851, is (ot er, /a(o-"isi was <illed b- a drun<en Blood >ndian w ile retrie0ing t e bod- of one of er ot er sons. Soon after t is, #otts a0enged er deat b- s ooting t e <iller. >n t e fall of 1854, #otts arranged t e first (eeting between Assistant &o((issioner Macleod and &rowfoot and 6ed &row, Blac<foot leaders. 3 is was t e beginning of (an- -ears of friendl- relations between t e Blac<foot and t e /BM#. #otts went on to ser0e wit t e /BM# for 11 -ears. /o (aMor "atrol was e0er underta<en wit out is assistance. >n 1855, #otts contributed to t e success of t e 3reat- /o. 5 negotiations. ,is abuse of alco ol contributed to is deat fro( tuberculosis in 18:4. 3 e Macleod 9a;ette and t e 5l#erta Li*estoc& +ecord bot (ourned is loss and saluted is contributions to law enforce(ent in t e Best w en t e- re"orted is deat . +eference Seale-, Bruce. @!err- #otts (I---o-<osi).A Hol. 9>> (18:1- 1:**). (ictionary of Canadian 3iography. 3orontoE Fni0ersit- of 3oronto #ress, 1::*E 8)8-8):. .e("se-, ,ug . @!err- #ottsE #lains(an.A 7ccasional "a"er no. 1. &algar-E ;lenbowAlberta >nstitute, 1:44. Po4le', 1teve. (1:48-1**4) Ste0e c allenged t e "ro0incial rig t to control Metis unting and t us beca(e a great ero of t e Metis /ation. >n 1::1, near Sault Sainte Marie, e and is son 6od s ot a (oose for fa(il- food. ,e left t e ani(al in t e bus along wit a note wit is 7ntario Metis Aboriginal Association (e(bers i" nu(ber. 3 e note readE @S ot to feed (fa(il- for t e winter.A SubseGuentl-, t e 7ntario Ministr- of /atural 6esources c arged t e( for unting wit out a licence. ,e foug t for is rig ts rig t u" to t e Su"re(e &ourt. 7n Marc 15, 1**3 e was successful in t is decade long battle to reaffir( Metis rig ts under Section 3) of t e &onstitution Act of 1:81. Ste0e succu(bed to is long battle wit diabetes on %ebruar- 13, 1**4. ,e is sur0i0ed b- is wife Brenda and c ildren, #aul, C0el-n, 6oderic< and Ii(berle-. Primeau +Primot-, #ean !a/tiste. (1841- c. 1:**) Ba"tiste, born at St. Boniface on !une 14, 1841, was t e son of !ose" #ri(eau and Marguerite Ste0enson. ,e (arried 6osalie S(it at St. /orbert in 18):. ,e was a (e(ber of t e &arlton co((unit- and was in0ol0ed wit ;abriel .u(ont in 185) in enforcing t e 'aws of t e ,unt against a Metis "art- led b- ,B& e("lo-ee #eter Ballant-ne. Ba"tiste was a &a"tain of one of t e 1: co("anies led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. ,e (arried 6osalie S(it dit &abr- at St. /orbert on

55

Se"te(ber 4, 18):. 3 e- li0ed at ;rand 6a"ids and #ortage la 'oc e t en (o0ed to .uc< 'a<e and t en &arlton. >n !ul- of 188), !ean Ba"tiste a""lied for ,alf Breed Scri" on be alf of is c ildren So" ie and Basile. ,e refused to answer Guestions "ut to i( as to is "artici"ation in t e 188) 6esistance. As a conseGuence is clai( was reser0ed because of is "artici"ation in t e 6esistance and later allowed on Se"te(ber 3*, 1884.3* Primeau, #ean !a/tiste #r. !ean Ba"tiste was t e son of !an Ba"tiste #ri(eau and 6osalie S(it . ,e (arried Cli2a 'afond on %ebruar- 1, 1885 at .uc< 'a<e. !ean Ba"tiste was a (e(ber of &a"tain Ba"tiste #ri(eauDs ( is fat er) co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. Primeau, Franois. (184*-1:1)) %ran8ois was born at %ort Alexandre in 184*. ,e was t e son of !ose" #ri(eau and @Bets-A Ste0ens. ,e (arried &aroline #arisien t en Marie 'arocGue. B en (arried to &aroline e li0ed at St. BonifaceOSt. Hital, St. Albert and Saddle 'a<e. B ile (arried to Marie t e- li0ed at ;rand #oint, .uc< 'a<e and &arlton. >n is clai( for ,alf Breed Scri" e asserted t at e ad fled to a0oid being conscri"ted to fig t in t e 6esistance. ,is clai( was acce"ted and a""ro0ed in !ul- 188). Primeau, Franois. (1844) %ran8ois was born at St. Hital, t e son of %ran8ois #ri(eau and &aroline #arisien. >n 1883 e (arried Marie !ose" te Arcand. %ran8ois was a (e(ber of &a"tain Ba"tiste #ri(eauDs co("an-, one of t e 1: di;aines led b- ;abriel .u(ont during t e 188) Metis 6esistance. >n is clai( for ,alf Breed Scri" in 188) e statesE @> a0e li0ed in t e /ort Best 3erritor- e0er since t e -ear 1844, wit (- "arents w o left t e "ro0ince of Manitoba at t at ti(e to co(e to St. Albert w ere t e- li0ed wit t eir c ildren as of 1) t !ul- 185*, and to Cd(onton and &arlton e0er since. > a0e a o(estead in &arlton. > li0e on it. About two (ont s ago > was ta<en and forced b- t e "eo"le of 6iel to go and act wit t e( in t ese last troubles against t e go0ern(ent of t e .o(inion of &anada. > sta-ed wit t e( at Batoc e and at .uc< 'a<e about one wee< w en > deserted to go o(e, afterward > was as<ed to go to Batoc e to get so(e "ro0isions w ic were scarce, and w en > was t ere, t e- forced (e to ta<e u" ar(sQand would "refer to sa- not ing furt er about t ese troubles, as > was not "re"ared to answer to -our Guestions. M(ot er and fat er bot ran off so > <e"t t e o(e as so(ebod- ad to sta- o(e. Mfat er and (ot er went as far as &algar- to esca"e fro( 6ielDs "eo"le.A 31 As a conseGuence is clai( was reser0ed because of is "artici"ation in t e 6esistance and later allowed on 7ctober 18, 1884.31

3*

3 e .e"ut- Minister of t e >nterior instructed (!une 11, 1884) t at all clai(s disallowed because of 6esistance acti0it- would now be allowed
31 3!

6; 1), . >> (8) (b).

3 e .e"ut- Minister of t e >nterior instructed (!une 11, 1884) t at all clai(s disallowed becase of 6esistance acti0it- would now be allowed.

6 7 5-

Prit30ard, ,eorge. (b. 1:*3) 7n Marc 1st, 1**3, ;eorge #ritc ard celebrated is 1**t birt da- at t e Battleford 'egion ,all, Sas<atc ewan, along wit nu(erous fa(il- and friends. ;eorge co(es fro( a ealt - and fa(ous line, is fat er Solo(an (Sa() #ritc ard, w o li0ed to celebrate is 1*)t birt da-, was featured on %ront #age & allenge 1:)4 for sa0ing t ree wo(en at t e %rog 'a<e Massacre. ;eorge #ritc ard was born to Solo(an and 6osalie (nee 3rottier) #ritc ard in 1:*3 at 'a<e #elletier, fifteen (iles nort of Swift &urrent, Sas<atc ewan. 7f t e twent--two c ildren born to Solo(an and 6osalie, se0en c ildren li0edE ;eorge, 6osia, Adeline, Mar-, #at, Cd and Margerise. ;eorge (arried #riscilla B iteford in 1:1) and broug t fort fifteen c ildren, (ost of w o( are still li0ing toda-E Billia( (#ritc ard - 'ate)N %lorence (6o-)N 'eona (%alcon 'ate) ,ilda (%alcon)N Hictoria (#ritc ard)N ,enr- (#ritc ard 'ate)N Bert (#ritc ard - 'ate)N ,elen (3rottier)N Cst er (Buttunee)N .ennis (#ritc ard 'ate)N M-rtle ('ittlebear)N %ern (Atc en-()N Ste0en (#ritc ard 'ate)N ;eorgie (#ritc ard)N 6onnie (#ritc ard)N .arlene (3 o(as)N (ost of w o( are (ore li<el- <nown b- t eir nic<na(es. ;eorge #ritc ard celebrates is 345 grandc ildren and great-grandc ildren and great-greatgrandc ildren. 'ori & urc , a gifted singer and artist in er own rig t and one of t e (an- descendants of ;eorge #ritc ard, led t e singing of ,a""- Birt da- to er Moos u(. is fa(il-, t e- recounts t at ;eorge ad belonged to t e M$tis Societ- for 1** -ears. As "art of t is celebration, #resident of t e M$tis /ation Sas<atc ewan, &le( & artier, "resented ;eorge #ritc ard wit t e 1st #residentWs 6ecognition Award for is lifelong struggle on be alf of M$tis "eo"le and M$tis land and ar0esting rig ts. >n t e 1:4*Ws ;eorge #ritc ard successfull- defended is son on a court c arge for unting wit out a license. ;eorge continued is struggle well into t e 8*Ws (eeting wit law-ers in Cd(onton and Sas<atoon on land researc and t e struggle for M$tis land rig ts. 3 is was t e first ti(e > ad (et ;eorge #ritc ard and w en > a""roac ed i( to wis i( birt da- greetings, e s oo< (- and and saidE U/e0er sto" fig ting for our land. /e0er sto" fig ting for our rig ts.U ,is weat ered and and blue e-es eld (attention and is words etc ed t e(sel0es in (- (e(or- fore0er. /ew Breed Maga2ine co((e(orates t e life and ti(es of a M$tis Barrior, 6ole Model and %a(il- Man ;eorge #ritc ard. (&ontributed b- Iat - ,odgson-S(it fro( an article s e wrote for /ew Breed Maga2ine.) Prit30ard, #o0n. (184*-1:1)) !o n #ritc ard was born at St. %rancois 9a0ier, t e son of Metis "arents, Billia( #ritc ard and Marie %leur-. ,e was educated at 6ed 6i0er w ere e ad ta<en training for t e Anglican (inistr-. As a -oung adult e wor<ed in t e office of Metis trader Frbaine .elor(e and in 1843, !o n (arried .elor(eDs daug ter 6ose. 'ater, e wor<ed for t e ,B& at 6oc<- Mountain ,ouse, %ort &arlton and %ort Cd(onton. ,e left t e ,B& to beco(e a buffalo unter and free-trader. >n t e earl188*s !o n beca(e an inter"reter for t e >ndian .e"art(ent and in 1884 e and is fa(il- (o0ed to %rog 'a<e. !o n was caug t u" in t e 188) 6esistance and e0ents near t e %ort #itt area. %ro( A"ril of 188) onward, /orbert .elor(e ( is brot er-in-law) was in co((unication wit i(. Bandering S"irit ca"tured !o n #ritc ard and Adol" us /olin. #ritc ard, #ierre

57

Blondin and Adol" us /olin are credited wit "rotecting t e w ite wo(en w o were "risoners in Big BearDs ca(". Prit30ard, 1alomon. (184:-1:45) Salo(on was born at 6oc<- Mountain ,ouse in 184:, t e son of !o n #ritc ard and 6ose .elor(e. As a sixteen--ear-old, e witnessed t e %rog 'a<e (assacre. ,e freig ted and tra""ed in Sas<atc ewan and Montana. ,e was acti0e in t e Sas<atc ewan Metis Societ- and un0eiled t e "laGue co((e(orating t e Battle of %renc (anDs Butte in 1:4). (.ouglas B. 'ig t, Footprints in the (ust. /ort BattlefordE 3urner-Barwic< #ublications >nc., 1:85E 13).) Proulx, Paul. (183:-1:18) #aul #roulx was born !anuar- 1), 183:, t e son of Mic el #roulx (b. 1818) and Ang?le ;uiboc e. ,e was a (e(ber of 6ielDs #ro0isional ;o0ern(ent in 185*. #roulx is often listed as a %renc &anadian but was Metis as is (aternal grand(ot er, 3 erese, was an Assiniboine >ndian. #aul was (arried to Ang$liGue /ault, 'ouis 6ielDs cousin. Pruden, Art0ur. (b. 181*) Art ur #ruden was t e son of a ,B& & ief %actor !o n #eter #ruden and is &ree wife, /anc-. Art ur (arried & arlotte S(all and t e- ad t ree c ildren. Art ur was ired as an a""rentice in 183) and was "ro(oted to & ief 3rader in 1841. Pruden +1in3lair-, :aroline . (b. 183*) >n t e (id-18**s &aroline #ruden was considered to be one of t e @Belles of 6ed 6i0erA and one of t e trend-setting Metis wo(en of t e Settle(ent and F""er %ort ;arr-. &aroline was t e daug ter of /anc- #atasagawis (a &ree wo(an fro( 7xford ,ouse) and !o n #eter #ruden Sr. (1558-1848), an Cnglis (an, w o was c ief trader at &arlton ,ouse. &aroline (arried 3 o(as Sinclair t e son of for(er & ief %actor Billia( Sinclair and Margaret /a o0wa- on A"ril 3, 18)* at St. !o ns. 3 o(as (b. 18*:) was a widower, first (arried to ,anna &u((ings. At t e ti(e of is second (arriage e ad se0en c ildren, born between 1831 and 1844). &aroline and 3 o(as li0ed at St. Andrews between Miss .a0isDs Sc ool (3win 7a<s) and St. Andrews & urc . 3 o(as Sinclair died in 185* and &aroline (arried again in 1854 to Albert Sargeant. &aroline and 3 o(as Sinclair ad t e following c ildrenE Ann ,arriet, born August 13, 18)1. S e (arried Andrew Strong. !o n Cdward, born circa 18)). ,e (arried M-rtle Ar(strong t en '-dia McIen2ie. !a(es Alexander ,enr-, born !une ), 18)8, e (arried Mar- 6oss t en C(il#atten. &aroline, born on Marc 15, 1841, s e (arried %red ,ers (er. 68 58

%rederic< &lare, born !une ), 184), e (arried Hirginia McIa-. Maria 'ouise, born August ), 1848, died .ece(ber 1:, 185*.

Billia( ,eal-, writing about t e Bo(en of 6ed 6i0er33 notesE >n a letter dated at F""er %ort ;arr-, Marc 11t , 1848, written b- !o n Bunn to .onald 6oss, & ief %actor at /orwa- ,ouse, Bunn sa-s @t e Misses &aroline #ruden and Margaret and ,arriet Sinclair, were, > belie0e, considered t e belles of t e e0ening.A Margaret Sinclair was Mrs. &owanDs cousinN s e (arried one of t e Cnglis officers. @&aroline #ruden was t e (ost beautiful girl in 6ed 6i0er,A said Mrs. &owan, w en t is letter was s own to er. @And s e <e"t er beaut- all er life. B en s e was a grand(ot er s e was li0el- and s"irited and as fond of fun as a -oung girl, al(ost. At t at ball in 1848 t e "ol<a was new. So(ebod- ad Must broug t it fro( /ew =or<. 3 ere was a great deal of tal< about it before t e ball, and Mr. #ruden, w o was a se0ere (an wit is fa(il-, ad forbidden &aroline to dance it. S e ad been tr-ing it, and ad s own er ste"(ot er ow it was danced, and at t e ball s e begged to be allowed to dance it, and er ste"(ot er said s e saw no ar( in it. Mr. #ruden ca(e to t e door of t e ballroo( w ile t e "ol<a was being danced, and w en e saw &aroline dancing it, e stood t ere scowling and waiting. 3 e (o(ent t e dance was ended e eld u" is finger to er and said, ZMiss .isobedience, co(e erebD And e (ade er "ut on er wra"s and (ade is wife co(e, too, and dro0e o(e wit t e(. #oor &arolineb ,er fat er was ars and unreasonable at ti(es, and grew worse as e grew older. As for (e, for all t at >
33
Billia( !ose" ,eal-. 'omen of +ed +i*erH #eing a #oo& written from the recollections of women sur*i*ing from the +ed +i*er era. Binni"egE 6ussell 'ang and &o. 'td. 1:13.E 14-15.

5"

t oug t (-self a grown-u" -oung lad-, > ad to go to sc ool two -ears (ore after t at ball at %ort ;arr-.A &aroline #rudenDs usband 3 o(as Sinclair Sr. (18*:-185*) was born circa 18*:, t e Metis son of & ief %actor Billia( Sinclair (a Scot) and is &ree wife Margaret /a o0wa-. 3 o(as first (arried ,anna &u((ings t e daug ter of /ort Best &o("an- cler< &ut bert &u((ings and Susette McIee (M$tisse) on %ebruar- :, 1831 at St. !o nDs. ,anna died 7ctober 13, 1844. ,e t en (arried &aroline #ruden on A"ril 3, 18)* at St. !o nDs. ,e ad se0en c ildren wit ,anna and six (ore c ildren wit &aroline #ruden. 3 o(as was a Magistrate and councillor of Assiniboia. ,e was a boat brigade ca"tain w o wor<ed as an inde"endent freig ter and trader out of St. Andrews and e also o"erated a wind(ill near t e ra"ids on t e 6ed 6i0er in St. Andrews "aris . ,e died on Marc 13, 185* after a long illness, and t e 'egislati0e Asse(bl- of Assiniboia (ade a (otion of condolences to t e fa(il- on Marc 14, 185* and noted t at is son, 3 o(as Sinclair !r. (a son fro( is first (arriage) was to continue wit t e offices eld b- is fat er. Pruden, :aroline (18)3-1:14) &aroline was t e Metis daug ter of !o n #ruden (Metis b. 181:) and Sara 6oss (Metis, 18)3-18)5) t e daug ter of ;eorge 6oss and &at erine Berland. !o n was t e son of /anc- #atasagawis (a &ree wo(an fro( 7xford ,ouse) and !o n #eter #ruden Sr. (1558-1848), an Cnglis (an, w o was c ief trader at &arlton ,ouse. &arolineDs (ot er, Sara 6oss #ruden, died in August of 1845 at t e age of 3), lea0ing !o n #eter wit fi0e c ildrenN &aroline (age 13), !o n #eter !r. (age 11), ;eorge (:), #aul ()) and !a(es (age 3). Around 1848 !o n (now 3:) re-(arried to 18 -ear old Annie 6owland, t e daug ter of Su2ette Slater and Billia( 6owland on Mar 1*, 184:. 3 e- ad one bo-, @'ong 3o(A #ruden. &aroline (arried 3 o(as 3rut waite !r. (b. !ul- 15, 1845), t e Metis son of 3 o(as 3rut waite (b. 181*) and &at erine Mc.er(ott t e daug ter of Andrew Mc.er(ott and Sara Mc/ab, on !une 1), 1854 at St. Andrews. &aroline died on /o0e(ber 14, 1:14 at age 5*. Scri" affida0it for 3rut waite, &arolineN bornE .ec. 15, 18)3N usbandE 3 o(as 3rut waite !r.N fat erE !o n #ruden (M$tis)N (ot erE Sara #ruden (M$tis)N wis to "arta<e in allot(ent and distribution of land set a"art for M$tis c ildren Pruden, :0arlotte +M3*eod-. (18*8-) & arlotte was t e second c ild of !o n #eter #ruden an Cnglis ,B& & ief %actor. >n 1818, s e (arried & ief 3rader !o n Mc'eod (a Scott) at /orwa- ,ouse. 3 eir son Malcol( graduated fro( Mc;ill 'aw Sc ool and was a district Mudge of 7ttawa and #ontiac in 1854-54. Pruden, #ames. (181*-1:*1)

-'

!a(es was t e fift son of !o n #eter #ruden an Cnglis ,B& & ief %actor. ,e (arried ;ene0ie0e, a wo(an fro( t e #eace 6i0er district. 3 eir fa(il- left for t e 7regon 3erritor- in 18)4 fro( 6ed 6i0er wit !a(es SinclairDs "art-. 'ater, t ereturned to &anada to o(estead in t e Cd(onton area.

-1

Related Interests