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Sizing is the need for the weaving but is an obstacle for the dyeing. It can be done by many ways such as acid steep, rot steep, enzymatic etc. in all these enzymatic desizing is dominating because of its eco-friendliness and also because of its characteristics that is it acts at specific sites only at definite pH, temperature and concentration. Mainly starch is used as the ingredient in sizing. Chemically starch is poly- -glucopyranose in which straight chain (amylase) and branched chain (amylopectin) polymers are present. Both constituents of starch are insoluble in water, but they can be solubilised by hydrolysis of these long chain compounds to shorter ones. Thus under suitable conditions starch can be progressively hydrolyzed to the following stages. In desizing the hydrolysis reaction is carried out up to the stage of soluble dextrin only and not further to aglucose. Like starch polyvinyl alcohol is also common. Since it is a powerful film forming sizing agent and because of the ease with which it can be removed (it is soluble in water) it is an ideal sizing agent. The molecular weight and the degree of hydrolysis are the two primary factors, which influence its solubility in water, the solubility decreasing with increasing molecular weight. The desizing of polyvinyl-treated fabrics involves three steps- swelling, dissolving and dispersing. In contrast to starch, enzymes, normally used for desizing starches, do not hydrolyze it. The principle steps in the desizing procedure are Wetting out with suitable wetting agent.
Steeping for affecting the swelling and softening of the polyvinyl alcohol film.
Rising thoroughly in overflowing water. Desizing efficiency is found in two ways conventional and TEGEWA method. Conventional Method: In this method we first take the weight of the sized fabric, let it be W1. Then desize the fabric, dry & take the weight, let it be W2. After that the fabric is treated with 3gpl (35%) HCl at 700 C for 30 min. dry & take the weight of the fabric. Let it be W3.
Method: Spot drop wise solution onto fabric. Note: the test must be carried on fabric cooled down to room temperature. Residual size = W2-W3. Pale blue to bluish = presence of starch size or blend Violet =of starch size with synthetic size Desized fabric: Pale blue to bluish violet = refer to violet scale TEGEWA This indicates residual Starch content. residual alkalinity has to be neutralities prior to the test.com/2007/12/desizing. Assessment: Grey fabric: No change of colour = no starch size present. Of KI (100%) in 100 ml water. iodine is completely dissolved.com/doc/37911100/Desizing 23/1/2011 7:25 .html http://www. Rub in gently. TEGEWA RATING: Reagent: potassium iodide (10 gm.scribd.blogspot. 3.6358 gm of iodine (100%) stir and shake. (Shelf life approx 6 months only).Total size = W1-W3. Desizing Efficiency = (Total size ± Residual size)/Total size X 100. 2. add 0. Assess change of colour. Fill up to 800 ml with water then complete to 1000 ml with ethanol. http://textileinformation.
A. This efficient process step is hardly ever applied in the pretreatment of wovens since . Besides the demineralizing effect. 1. depending on the heavy metal content of the raw material a catalytic damage may occur with the peroxide bleach. Desizing 2000 facilitates a combined desizing and demineralization of wovens. an immense increase in liquor pick-up is achieved with this new process. Ms. this process is only applied in exceptional cases despite the positive experience gained in finishing knits. Enzymatic Desizing and Demineralization of Wovens Ms.Desizing 2000 Combined Process for the Continuous. thus a fibre damage through the peroxide bleach. since the early Nineties acid demineralization has nearly completely replaced the ecologically highly controversial hypochlorite bleach as an integral part of knit finishing processes . Fischer-Sturm. it is obvious that problems may repeatedly occur. Germany Acid demineralization is a process which is often used when finishing knits. However. Holz/ cs CHT R. it reduces the formation of hard to dissolve alkaline earth deposits on machine parts or on the fabric. In addition. For wovens. however. Therefore. Given the fact that finishers usually process a variety of articles with a different metal content. Today. Tübingen. High alkaline earth concentrations may cause problems in pretreatment and in subsequent processes. Introduction Peroxide bleach is the most frequently applied bleaching process when pretreating cotton and other natural fibres. B. Acid demineralization removes disturbing heavy metal soilings from the fabric reducing the risk of a catalytic decomposition. Beitlich GmbH.
Since the pretreatment cost are immensely increased by this extra step. the sizes may precipitate. For wovens we do not recommend to use an acid demineralization directly on the raw material since the warp threads have been sized. However. 1/5). an alkaline pretreatment is solely used after the enzymatic desizing since in that case a high base white is not required (ill. In most cases the use of modern peroxide stabilizers optimized the peroxide bleach in such a way that it was not necessary to scour the fabric separately with alkaline. Therefore. wovens had usually been pretreated by means of enzymatic desizing with subsequent alkaline scouring and peroxide bleach (ill. 1/3). Only if dyeing dark shades. 1/4). an enzymatic or oxidative desizing with subsequent peroxide bleach can be regarded as today s standard process for finishing wovens (ill. a separate enzymatic desizing of the fabric is required before the application of an acid demineralization. The cold bleaching with peroxide is also applied in case of pretreatment for dyeing. Standard Processes and their Limits Until a few years ago. 1/2).g. Due to the sensitivity of a-amylases to the pH value the acid demineralization carried out at a pH value of 2 3 cannot be combined with an enzymatic desizing. 2. the fabric must be washed off in high performance washing machines in order to achieve a pretreatment of the fabric which is sufficient for the subsequent dyeing process (ill. 1/1). finishers often pay less attention to . Thus.in most cases demineralization can only be realized with much more efforts. The reason for this is not the fact that acid demineralization may not have any advantages for finishing wovens but rather that acid demineralization is only possible when using a separate process step (ill. With sizes which are sensitive to acids. which highly impairs the potential demineralizing effect. such as e. acrylate sizes. Acid demineralization applied for finishing knits is practically not used for finishing wovens.
Together with the high machine speeds this renders the actual time of contact between fabric and impregnation liquor extremely short. At the singeing machine using a impregnation box with 20 m fabric content and a machine speed of 100 m/min the time of contact between fabric and liquor is only 12 seconds. continuous pretreatment plants often run with 80-100 m/min. Further processes in use are the enzymatic desizing on continuous pretreatment plants in 2 3 washing boxes before the impregnation of the peroxide bleach or the desizing in the pad steam process. The volume of the impregnation boxes is as small as possible to avoid high amounts of residual liquor in the waste water.e. Higher amounts of peroxide are mostly required to achieve the demanded high base white. 3. the very high machine speeds require extremely low foaming wetting and washing agents. With maximal application systems with an average fabric content in the impregnation box of 5 m and a machine speed of 80 m/min the time of contact is about 3-4 seconds. i. Machine speeds are very high in all of these processes to render productivity as high as possible and the machine capacity as optimal as possible. In pad batch enzymatic desizing the fabrics are mostly impregnated on the singeing machine. the standard pretreatment of wovens by means of an enzymatic desizing and subsequent peroxide bleach always bears the increased risk of catalytic damages.the process safety guaranteed by an acid demineralization. When using traditional non-ionic surfactants which may have a good washing power but only a limited wetting capacity. The singeing machine runs with up to 150 m/min. Thus. Moreover. the liquor is only applied on the fabric surface. these extremely short contact times may cause problems since the achieved liquor pick-up is too little. Desizing 2000 . reduce the set-up time during the change of baths and minimize soil concentrations in the bath.
KOLLASOL MCE is used as washing and deaerating agent in Desizing 2000.nsf/gfx/med_FDIS78ZF24_3CD657/$file/Desizing%202000.pdf .The problems stated in chapter 2 occurring with a combined desizing and demineralization of cotton wovens on modern finishing machines show the necessity of the development of new textile auxiliaries which help realize Desizing 2000. This product alone optimizes the removal of alkaline earth and heavy metal ions in the neutral to slightly acid pH range.com/cms/cht/voila_medien_1-0. This product contains biodegradable. Being low foaming the product can be processed at high fabric speeds.pdf http://www. BEIXON NE stands out because it is solely composed of easily biodegradable sequestrants and dispersing agents based on sugar acrylic acid copolymers . The three products BEIXON NE.chtpk. The liquor pick-up during impregnation is distinctly increased due to the excellent wetting properties of the product even at high soil and alkaline earth concentrations in the impregnation liquor.com/cms/cht/voila_medien_1-0. This enzyme can be applied in cold pad batch and in pad steam processes. BEISOL T 2090 is an enzymatic desizing agent with highly active a-amylases throughout a wide temperature and pH range. BEIXON NE is an auxiliary which allows a demineralization during the enzymatic desizing process. a combined desizing and demineralization process. KOLLASOL MCE and BEISOL T 2090 are auxiliaries facilitating this combined process. http://www. In addition.nsf/gfx/med_FDIS78ZF27_3CD6E1/$file/jeans%20part%202.chtpk. non-ionic surfactant components and is free from tributyl phosphate and silicone.
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