Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.musilosophy.

com

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FREE online resources on the Art of Improvisation

(Piano) Improvisation Technique
by Musilosophy

www.musilosophy.com

Improvisation means real time composing.....

Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.All rights reserved.

Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.musilosophy.com

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“I know of knowing nothing” ( Socrates )

Music is based on harmony Harmony is based on chords and scales Melody and improvisation are based on chords and scales Accompaniment is based on chords and scales Chords are based on scales Scales are based on physics,mathematical principles and musical tradictions Musical tradictions are based on human perception,technology,economy,history,religion…

Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.All rights reserved.

Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.musilosophy.com

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SUMMARY

1. Keys
Key awareness Major Minor Scale harmonization

2.Chords
Major 7th Minor 7th Dominant 7th Half diminished 7th Diminished 7th Inversions Chord degrees

3.Other scales
Blues Whole tone Diminished Diminished/whole tone Pentatonic

Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.All rights reserved.

Rhythm Emphasizing offbeats and upbeats Syncopation Swing Polyrhythmics 7.Melody Melody building Chordal notes Turning note Passing note Leaning note Delaying note Anticipated note Chromatic note Double leaning note Mixed note “Wrong” notes 5.Practice… Practice… Practice… Generale practice Progressive drills Fondamental drills Greatest piano improvise Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella. .Phrasing Beginning of phrase Ending of phrase Imitation 6.musilosophy.com 4 4.All rights reserved.Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.

.com 77 About improvisation Intervals Improvisation with perfect fourths Analysis of solos Lydian chromatic concept Main chordal progressions Main used forms Improvisation tips Inside. outside “Free” improvisation What you have to avoid… Improvisation goals Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.All rights reserved.musilosophy.

musilosophy.All rights reserved. .com 78 About other music subjects COMPOSING EAR TRAINING ARRANGING ANALYSIS Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.

religion. keys. Other resources on jazz improvisation You must learn to begin and finish melodic phrases from every point http://www.musilosophy.". Improvisation and music harmony : MIOP q Chords base on scales. Music bases on harmony.. tutorial videos q Pop blues jazz albums q Jazz pianist music stores q Improvisation : MIOP donation q "Improvisation means real time composing..37. music harmony and theory MIOP means Musilosophy Improvisation Open Project.. Site menu Blues singer songwriter jazz pianist q Pop music videos q Jazz piano. economy. Accompaniment base on chords and scales too.FAQ | Introduction on the Art of Improvisation Jazz improvisation and music harmony : Summary q Piano improvisation technique : introduction q Jazz improvisation. You have to practice so much so you can play right melodic lines with swing and without thinking about scales.04 .. history.. piano improvising. Then you must play all chord inversions and the building melody techniques.. mathematical principles and music traditions. Improvisation means composing new ideas.com/jazz-improvisation. Phrasing is the following step. Melody and improvisation base on chords and scales. Music traditions base on human perception.. modes to improvise Blues improvisation Jazz melody and improvisation Swing jazz rhythm Jazz techniques : practice You need to know the following items to improvise and compose in a right and nice way: first you have to know all major and minor scales and relative keys and all chords in every keys. rules. Scales base on physic..htm (1 of 5)06/02/2007 7.harmony | Lingua italiana | HELP . q q q q q q Jazz improvisation and music harmony : summary Music harmony concepts Scales.. technology.jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory Home: jazz improvisation : pop blues | Pop music videos | Pop blues jazz albums | Jazz improvisation .

concepts and emotions and sometimes much deeper than language. voicing. I have published also another site to learn music theory and harmony.htm (2 of 5)06/02/2007 7. Learning jazz improvisation is not simple. 1. Ear training. Here in this site I offer free resources to learn this art but be patient if my English is not perfect.04 .A jazz improvisation primer of measure.musilosophy. Music harmony : keys Key awareness Major Minor Scale harmonization 2. These techniques can give you the skill for express the music you have inside. transposing. harmonization are other important and fundamental techniques to learn jazz improvisation and composing. music harmony.The world of jazz improvisation .com/jazz-improvisation.jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory q q . Improvisation is a language.37. Chord charts http://www. transcribing. you can express ideas. as well as you have to study and practice a lot to learn English or French or Italian so you have to do the same with music improvisation. You do not need to understand difficult concepts but without doubts you must be patient. So. The theory and harmonic concepts you have to learn are few and easy to understand but the fundamental concept is just one: to learn improvisation you have to play much and practice for a longtime! I used to compare improvisation with language.

htm (3 of 5)06/02/2007 7.04 .37. More music scales Blues Whole tone Diminished Diminished/whole tone Pentatonic 4.com/jazz-improvisation.musilosophy.jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory Major 7th Minor 7th Dominant 7th Half diminished 7th Diminished 7th Inversions Chord degrees 3. Melody and improvvisation lesson Melody building Chordal notes Turning note Passing note Leaning note Delaying note Anticipated note Chromatic note Double leaning note Mixed note Wrong notes http://www.

http://www.jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory ^ TOP More resources on music harmony and piano jazz improvisation 5. Music rhythm and jazz swing Emphasizing off beats and upbeats Syncopation Swing Polyrhythmic 7. Practice and improvisation techniques General practice Progressive drills Fundamental drills Greatest piano improvisors If you have troubles to understand what I write.com/jazz-improvisation. or any concepts I try to explain.htm (4 of 5)06/02/2007 7.37. send me an email. I suggest also to visit this site on piano jazz improvisation.04 .musilosophy. Musical phrase Beginning of phrase Ending of phrase Imitation 6.

Miles Davis and many. Remember to listen the greatest improvisers : Keith Jarrett. Charlie Parker. many others.. Pat Metheny. . If you know music harmony and you practice on your instrument one hour per day learning improvisation is easy.musilosophy.com/jazz-improvisation.04 . Bill Evans.jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory ^ TOP Learning jazz improvisation and piano improvising You can learn to improvise..37. All rights reserved http://www. Sonny Rollins.htm (5 of 5)06/02/2007 7. I think is one of the greatest..and do not forget that Music must be pleasant. important Art. ©2005-2007 Paolo Parrella..

tutorial videos q Pop blues jazz albums q Jazz pianist music stores previous ones. 1.37. modes to improvise q Blues improvisation q Jazz melody and improvisation q Swing jazz rhythm q Jazz techniques : practice Practice to begin and to end the phrase in every point of the measure B = Beginning tone E = Ending tone AVOID this bad habit : (Same beginning and ending points ) ^ TOP Ending of a phrase Practice to end a phrase on different tones of a chord: Tone 1 phrasing 2 Effect Rest . The fundamental element to build a good phrasing is that every phrase must be connected with the Site menu q Blues singer songwriter jazz pianist q Pop music videos q Jazz piano. Remember to vary the beginning and ending of a phrase: Improvisation and music harmony : MIOP q Jazz improvisation and music harmony : summary q Music harmony concepts q Scales.musilosophy.Close the You Jazz Style Rock.38 .FAQ | How to compose a melody Jazz melody and improvisation Jazz phrasing : imitation technique q Music phrasing q Music theory and mistakes q q Music phrasing in jazz improvisation Practice to end the phrase on the different tones of a chord and to make the action I propose.harmony | Lingua italiana | HELP . Pop phrasing Action You have to begin a new You have begin the following phrase from that note Tension and unbalance http://www.com/music-phrasing.htm (1 of 3)06/02/2007 7.music phrasing : jazz improvisation : music phrasing Home: jazz improvisation : pop blues | Pop music videos | Pop blues jazz albums | Jazz improvisation .

E-mail Contact © 2005-2007 Paolo Parrella All rights reserved http://www. Blues Pop No particular action Begin from that note and solve it to the tone below No particular action I suggest to begin the following phrase from that note No particular action 4 5 6 7 This aspect of improvisation is very important ^ TOP Music phrase : phrasing development Practise to end the phrase on the different tones of a chord and to make the action I propose. Blues Any style Jazz. unbalance and suspension Rest and neutral A bit of tension and coloured tone A bit of tension and determination Any style Jazz.38 .37.music phrasing : jazz improvisation : music phrasing 3 Rest and strong determination Tension.musilosophy. Pop Jazz. Na = no particular action T = Tension Ba = Begin again S = Solving tone Another example containing a wrong ending tone ( Tension is not solved or begun again).com/music-phrasing.htm (2 of 3)06/02/2007 7.

38 .musilosophy.com/music-phrasing.htm (3 of 3)06/02/2007 7.37.music phrasing : jazz improvisation : music phrasing me http://www.

htm (1 of 8)06/02/2007 7. there are minor seventh chords on II. II or IV. However. in music you can find every combination of all these chords.harmony | Lingua italiana | HELP . Every scale can be harmonized.V or I .musilosophy. Here are all chords of each Major and Minor (Natural. Modes to improvise q Blues improvisation q Jazz melody and improvisation q Swing jazz rhythm q Jazz techniques : practice q Here are the major and minor scales with their chords http://www. but western music bases above all on major and minor scales' harmonization.39.com/chord-charts.40 . Harmonic.II . Music bases (above all) on these chords. III and VI degrees while dominant 7 chord is on V. Classical pop progressions are I . tutorial videos q Pop blues jazz albums q Jazz pianist music stores q Improvisation : MIOP donation You must know and play them.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys Home: jazz improvisation : pop blues | Pop music videos | Pop blues jazz albums | Jazz improvisation . chord families Chord charts and keys Learn chord charts Major seventh Dominant chord chart Minor seventh chords Half diminished chords Diminished chord Chord charts in all major and minor scales Musical chords derive from the scale's harmonization: it means superimposing notes over a scale's degree by thirds. ^ TOP Major key chord chart Major key has two major seventh chords on I and IV degrees. and V are the most used chords.VI . Pay attention to IV degree (Major with augmented 4th ) Improvisation and music harmony : MIOP q Jazz improvisation and music harmony : summary q Music harmony concepts q Scales.III .FAQ | Chords and music harmony q q q q q q q q Music harmony. Half diminished chord is on the VII degree of major key.V. I.IV . Melodic ) key Site menu q Blues singer songwriter jazz pianist q Pop music videos q Jazz piano.

39.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys http://www.htm (2 of 8)06/02/2007 7.com/chord-charts.40 .musilosophy.

htm (3 of 8)06/02/2007 7.musilosophy. there are major chords on III and VI.39. half diminished chord is on the second degree. diminished 7 on VII and minor seventh is on fourth one.com/chord-charts. Dominant seventh chord is on V and it has also minor ninth and minor sixth! q Here is the harmonic minor chord chart http://www. This scale has minor major seventh chord on the first degree.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys ^ TOP Harmonic minor key chord charts Harmonic minor key is the classical minor scale. I think it is the true minor scale because the natural minor ones is similar to the major scale while melodic minor scale is less used.40 .

40 .chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys http://www.39.com/chord-charts.musilosophy.htm (4 of 8)06/02/2007 7.

chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys ^ TOP Melodic minor key chord chart Melodic minor scale is less used than natural and harmonic scales but it is important.40 . Pay attention to IV degree ( seventh chord with augmented 4th) and to II degree (min 7th ) q Melodic minor chord chart http://www.39.com/chord-charts.musilosophy.htm (5 of 8)06/02/2007 7.

classical and jazz tunes.40 . it has the same major scale's chords but they have different position.musilosophy. dance. C7 is on the VII degree while in F major key it is on V degree. For example. Pay attention to V degree ( Minor 7th) and to VII degree (7th chord) q This is the natural minor chord chart http://www. It has a catchy sound and many people love it! However.com/chord-charts.39.htm (6 of 8)06/02/2007 7.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys Pay attention to II degree ( half diminished ) and to VII degree ( diminished seventh ) ^ TOP Natural minor key chord chart Natural minor scale is much used in pop. in D natural minor key.

com/chord-charts.htm (7 of 8)06/02/2007 7.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys http://www.40 .musilosophy.39.

Besides they may determine.S. You can learn everything about improvisation reading articles. to what key it belongs and then from what scale's degree is produced.39.com/chord-charts.40 . In my pop blues music.htm (8 of 8)06/02/2007 7. ^ TOP Considerations on seventh chords and their key Seventh chords are complete chords. They derive. I use nearly only seventh chords that have a complex but non too dissonant sound. jazz and pop music. the fifth and the seventh (said "chorda notes") does understand the key and the type of a chord. the third. comparing with the chords near. The fundamental.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys These chord charts are the harmonic base of classical. Internet offers you a great resource to learn music harmony.All rights reserved http://www. theory and improvisation but the best resource is your passion for this art! ©2005-2007 Paolo Parrella . watching tutorial videos and listening solos published on the Web. in the sense that they have the main notes that determine the harmony of a chord. from J. Bach but also other great classical composers.musilosophy. above all.

. modulations (key changing) on the scores. Arpeggiate all chords Arpeggiate all 7th chords with right hand (but not only) in their four inversions.htm (1 of 5)06/02/2007 7.com/jazz-techniques. tutorial videos q Pop blues jazz albums q Jazz pianist music stores q Improvisation and music harmony : MIOP q Jazz improvisation and music harmony : summary q Music harmony concepts q Scales. passing note.blues scales First play the scales for an octave just with the right hand.FAQ | Rhythm and swing Jazz techniques : practice Music techniques : coming soon articles q Art of improvisation project q General improvisation tips q Music studying : general tips q q Jazz techniques and practice for improvisation General jazz practice I suggest these progressive exercises: Learn all major.harmony | Lingua italiana | HELP . modes to improvise q Blues improvisation q Jazz melody and improvisation q Swing jazz rhythm q Jazz techniques : practice Learn to analyze music Practice to analyze every music style with scores or if you want by ear.42..09 .. degrees of the chords.). then with both hands. play for 2 and 4 octaves with both hands Learn all chords of every key Play the chords of every key with right hand then with both hand Site menu Blues singer songwriter jazz pianist q Pop music videos q Jazz piano. Analyze melody and write the harmonic role of every note (Chordal note.musilosophy.... Write keys.jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice Home: jazz improvisation : pop blues | Pop music videos | Pop blues jazz albums | Jazz improvisation .. chord types. minor and . turning note. Begin to improvise just using the chordal notes Improvise only on a chord and using just the four chordal notes http://www.

For pianists : improvise on a song using just the four chordal notes.com/jazz-techniques. However I will suggest you some easy techniques to 'correct'some melodic 'errors'. many hours of playing but it is amusing and you can feel what creating music means. (You have to play this chord around C4 and moving the notes less possible when you change the chord ) Improvise using a melodic item one at time Practice a melodic item out of time and just on a chord Improvise using the suggestions on musical phrase Practice a phrasing item out of time and just on a chord Some important considerations Mastering these jazz techniques needs many.musilosophy. Besides. http://www.jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice ( also out of time ) Improvise just using continuous eighth notes. moving the melody up and down the whole keyboard and playing the chord with the left hand. sixteenth notes. eighth-triplet notes.htm (2 of 5)06/02/2007 7.42. Composing is easier than improvising because you can correct your mistakes. these techniques are the same of composing songs or any other music style.09 . Sometimes many new and interesting ideas come from so called harmonic 'errors'.

09 .42. I think this is the MOST IMPORTANT AND POWERFUL DRILL TO LEARN IMPROVISATION Transposing Transpose some phrases in all keys Singing Sing the notes you are improvising Search www. that is great artists When you listen to music.Powerful! Select your best songs or solos and transcribe them on paper using your piano or keyboard. analyze it! http://www. Web com ^ TOP Listening great artists to analyze jazz techniques Listening Every musical style but good music.htm (3 of 5)06/02/2007 7.com/jazz-techniques.musilosophy.musilosophy.jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice ^ TOP Improving jazz practice and techniques Ear training Use this free tool . then transpose them in all keys.Functional ear trainer Transcription .

42. http://www. listening great artists and above all playing many hours on your instrument: remember to play correct harmonic and melodic notes and above all do not play random sounds.09 .htm (4 of 5)06/02/2007 7.. you need to work following several directions: studying music harmony..com/jazz-techniques. developing your hearing.musilosophy.jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice Piano improvisors Listen to these masters of piano improvisation: Bill Evans Keith Jarrett Herbie Hancock Chick Corea Ahmad Jamal Oscar Peterson Bud Powell McCoy Tyner Many others. Improvisors Other instruments: Miles Davis ( Trumpet ) Charlie Parker ( Alto Sax) John Coltrane ( Tenor Sax ) Pat Metheney ( Guitar ) ^ TOP Resources and jazz practice on the Art of improvisation So.

09 .com/jazz-techniques.42.jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice © 2005-2007 Paolo Parrella All rights reserved http://www.htm (5 of 5)06/02/2007 7.musilosophy.

miles.be/ welcome to www.miles.05 .be probably the best FREE ear training resource on the internet Homepage of Alain Benbassat table of contents http://www.be/ (1 of 3)06/02/2007 7.43.miles.http://www.

.43.miles.Basic (freeware) Download Functional Ear Trainer . please do not open it and delete it! Such e-mails are not sent by me..be with an attachment. transcribe! (by Ron Gorow) The 'Charlie Banacos' Exercise (by Frank Singer) "Oh you'll hear it" (by Peter Sprague) Perfect Pitch? (by Chris Aruffo) Making a Living as a Guitar Music Transcriber/Arranger (by Dale Turner) Ear Training Books Books I Like Bird Song Ear Training Guide About Me Who Am I? Who the Hell is Miles? My Music Links Important note: a lot of virusses are spreading themselves by e-mail. Copyright © 2004 .Advanced BETA2 (freeware) Functional Ear Trainer on Linux? Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) "This is a great and very useful tool. If you receive an e-mail from miles.be/ (2 of 3)06/02/2007 7.Alain Benbassat http://www.be/ Ear Training Products Download Functional Ear Trainer .05 . transcribe." Ear Training Articles Ear Training: A Direct and Logical Path (by John Mark Piper) The Most Important Skill That Most Players Don't Have (by Tom Hess) Contextual Ear Training (by Paula Telesco) Transcribe. using fake e-mail addresses.miles.http://www. It's exactly what we practiced a lot at Berklee but I've never come across an application like this.

miles.43.miles.05 .http://www.be/ http://www.be/ (3 of 3)06/02/2007 7.

scarlet.be probably the best FREE ear training resource on the internet Homepage of Alain Benbassat Back to table of contents Ear Training Products http://home.The Home Page of Alain Benbassat welcome to www.be/~abenbass/fet.miles.html (1 of 5)06/02/2007 7.43.29 .

43.scarlet.29 .html (2 of 5)06/02/2007 7.be/~abenbass/fet.The Home Page of Alain Benbassat http://home.

Basic Functional Ear Trainer .The Home Page of Alain Benbassat Functional Ear Trainer is a critically acclaimed ear training suite containing two programs: s s Functional Ear Trainer .scarlet.29 .Advanced http://home.html (3 of 5)06/02/2007 7.be/~abenbass/fet.43.

43.Windows 98/ME/NT/2000/XP . User Comments "Great program.1 . scales. This is a proven method that. really works.. Functional Ear Trainer Basic and Advanced are FREEWARE..be/~abenbass/fet. read more. More info. it runs fine on Linux using Wine.scarlet. it helps me a lot for my hearing test at school!!! Thx man !" read more. Functional Ear Trainer . Functional Ear Trainer presents an original and very effective way to learn to recognize notes in the context of a key. chords.Minimum 10MB free disk space . the idea was expanded by playing two notes after the key or tonality has been established. (approx. Functional Ear Trainer is only available as a Microsoft Windows executable.. However. How? Every note has its own function within the key and wants to resolve to the nearest tonic. Then <click image to enlarge> http://home.The Home Page of Alain Benbassat Both programs are different from the traditional ear training programs where you typically have to guess intervals...Minimum 64MB of RAM . The help page describes a method to learn to hear this resolution to the nearest tonic. consider making a donation. with a little bit of effort.Advanced Principle Based on the enormous success of Functional Ear Trainer Basic. and rhythms..29 . It will NOT run on Mac. 1. followed by a random note. <click image to enlarge> System Requirements .2 December 2002 Independent Review Functional Ear Trainer got the rating 5 out of 5 from the emagazine Cyberfret. The user has to guess what note was played. The user has to answer 3 questions: 1) What was the first note? 2) What was the second note? 3) What is the interval both notes form? The missing link between interval training and note-in-key ear training! How? Try to hear how the two notes resolve to the nearest tonic using the method you learned in Functional Ear Trainer . If you want to support me.Basic Principle The program establishes the key or tonality by playing a chord sequence.. Download Now right-click and select Save Target As.. and so know which note was played.Soundcard or MIDI device License FREEWARE Current Version Version 1.Basic.5MB) Functional Ear Trainer .html (4 of 5)06/02/2007 7.

Windows 98/ME/NT/2000/XP .29 .Minimum 64MB of RAM .Soundcard or MIDI device License FREEWARE Current Version Version 1.43. Thank YOU! Top http://home.scarlet. consider making a donation through PayPal (secure payment).be/~abenbass/fet.5MB) Support Functional Ear Trainer If you like Functional Ear Trainer.0 BETA2 .2 December 2003 Options The two notes can be played one after the other (melodically) or simultaneously (harmonically). HARDER THAN YOU THINK! System Requirements .html (5 of 5)06/02/2007 7.. 2. Download Now right-click and select Save Target As..Minimum 10MB free disk space . (approx.The Home Page of Alain Benbassat determine the interval between the two notes. Many settings possible. Donation of $10 Donation of $15 Donation of $20 BONUS: Generous people who make a donation of $20 will receive a computer program I wrote to learn intervals by associating each one with the beginning of a well-known song. This is a "classic" way to learn to recognize ascending and descending intervals.

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