You are on page 1of 5

2009-10 JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD

IV Year B. Tech. AE I Semester

L 3 AVIONICS AND INSTRUMENTS

T/P/D 0/0/0

C 3

UNIT I

AVIONICS TECHNOLOGY

Evolution of electronics. The nature of micro electronic devices- processors, memory devices. Introduction to avionics- systems integration need- data bus systems MIL STD 1553 bus system, ARINC 429 / ARINC 629 bus systems, optical data bus systems. Integrated modular avionics architectures commercial off the shelf systems. Avionics packaging. UNIT II AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTATION - SENSORS AND DISPLAYS

Air data sensors, magnetic sensing, inertial sensing, radar sensors. The electromechanical instrumented flight deck, early flight deck instruments, attitude direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, altimeter, airspeed indicator. Advanced flight deck display system architectures, display systems, display media, future flight deck displays. UNIT III COMMUNICATION AND NAVIGATION AIDS

Radio frequency spectrum, communication systems, HF, VHF, satellite communications. ATC transponder, traffic collision avoidance system. Navigational aids. Automatic Direction Finding, VHF Omni Range, Distance Measuring Equipment. TACAN, VORTAC. Satellite navigation systems the GPS. Instrument landing system, transponder landing system, microwave landing system. Hyperbolic navigation systems. UNIT IV NAVIGATION

Basic navigation, radio, inertial navigations, satellite navigation- GPS, differential GPS, wide area augmentation systems, local area augmentation system, GPS overlay programme. Integrated navigation, sensor usage. Flight management system( FMS). FMS control and display unit. Lateral navigation, area navigation, terminal navigation, vertical navigation, four dimensional navigation, full performance based navigation. FMS procedures. Standard terminal arrival routes. ILS approach. UNIT V FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS

Interrelationships of flight control functions. Flight control frames of reference. Flight control actuation. Flight control and monitoring requirements. Fly-by-wire (FBW) systems. Airbus implementation. Boeing implementation. Example: Boeing 777 flight control system. Autopilot flight director systems. Autopilot modes. Integrated autopilot systems. Autoland system. Airbus -380 FBW. Flight data recorders. UNIT VI FUTURE AIR NAVIGATION SYSTEMS

Terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS). Ground proximity warning system (GPW) and extended GPW (EGPW). The aims of air traffic management. Future improvements in air traffic management. Improvements in communications air-ground data link, air-ground SATCOM communications. Improvements in navigation performance. Actual navigation performance, required navigation performance. RNAV standards, path definition error.

UNIT- VII

MILITARY AIRCRAFT ADAPTATION

Avionic and mission system interface- navigation and flight management. Navigation aids, flight deck displays, communications, aircraft systems. Applications personnel, material and vehicle transport, air-to-air refuelling, maritime patrol, airborne early warning, ground surveillance. Electronic warfare the EW Spectrum, electronic support measures, electronic countermeasures, electro-optics and the infra-red. UNIT- VIII AIRBORNE RADAR, ASTRIONICS - AVIONICS FOR SPACECRAFT

Propagation of Radar waves- functional elements of radar- antenna- transmitter. Types of Radar- Pulse Doppler- civil aviation applications, military applications. Attitude determination & control of spacecraft- magnetometers, sun sensors, star trackers, earth and horizon sensors. Command and telemetry systems. TEXT BOOKS

1. Moir, I. and Seabridge, A., Civil Avionics Systems, AIAA Education Series, AIAA, 2002, ISBN 1-56347589-8. 2. Collinson, R.P.G., Introduction to Avionics Systems, second edition, Springer, 2003, ISBN 978-81-8489-7951

3. Moir, I., Seabridge, A. & Jukes, M., Military Avionics Systems (Aerospace), Wiley, 2006, ISBN-10:
0470016329, ISBN-13: 9780470016329

4. Middleton, D.H. (Ed), Avionics Systems, Longman Scientific & Technical, 1989, ISBN 0-582-01881-1.
REFERENCES

1. Kayton, M., & Fried, W.R., Avionics Navigation Systems, Wiley, 1997, ISBN 0-471-54795-6. 2. Helfrick, A., Principles of Avionics, Avionics Communications Inc. Leesburg, 2000, VA 20177, USA, ISBN 12. Moir, I. and Seabridge, A., Aircraft Systems: Mechanical, Electrical and Avionics Subsystems Integration, 3. Harris, D., Ground Studies for Pilots: Flight Instruments and Automatic Flight Control Systems, sixth edition, 4. Henderson, M. F., Aircraft Instruments & Avionics for A &P Technicians, Jeppesen Sanderson Training 5. Avionics Systems Operation & Maintenance, 1994, Wasson, J. W., Jeppesen Sanderson Training 6. Pallett, E.H.J., Aircraft Instruments & Integrated Systems, 1996, Longman Scientific & Technical.
Products, ISBN 0-89100-436-X. Products, 1993, ISBN 0-89100-422-X. Blackwell Science, 2004, ISBN 0-632-05951-6. AIAA Education Series, AIAA, 2001, ISBN 1-56347506-5. 885544-10-3.

2009-10 JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD IV Year B. Tech. AE II Semester L 3 AVIONICS AND INSTRUMENTS UNIT I INTRODUCTION T/P/D 0/0/0 C 3

Avionics systems- importance, role, special requirements. Core avionics systems displays, communication, flight control, aircraft state sensor systems, navigation, outside world sensor, task automation systems- interface with pilot. The electromechanical instrumented flight deck, early flight deck instruments, attitude direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, altimeter, airspeed indicator. Advanced flight deck display system architectures, display systems, display media, future flight deck displays. UNIT II AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTATION - SENSORS AND DISPLAYS

Air data information- pressure, altitude, vertical speed, calibrated airspeed, Mach no. and true airspeed- importance to pilot and to key aircraft subsystems. Air data measurements- total pressure, static pressure, total temperature. Air data laws and relationships. Air data sensors. Basic air data systems - architecturedisplays. Gyros and accelerometers function, types, principle, construction, applications. Angular momentum gyros free gyros, rate gyros, integrating gyros- The stable platform concept- significance. The dynamically tuned gyro stable platform operation, rate gyro operation. Micro machined vibrating mass rate gyros, optical gyroscopes ring laser gyros, interferometric fibre-optic gyros. Specific force measurements- accelerometers spring restrained pendulous accelerometers, torque balance pendulous accelerometers. Magnetic and radar sensors- examples, application. UNIT III NAVIGATION SYSTEMS

Principles of navigation types of navigation systems. Basic navigation definitions Radio navigation systems- VHF omnirange systems, distance measuring equipment, automatic direction finders, instrument landing systemsprinciple, operation, applications. Principles of Inertial Navigation Systems- stable platform systems, strap down systems errors, compensations, initial alignment and gyro compassing. Global Positioning Systems (GPS) description and basic principlesdifferential GPS. Aided inertial systems- principles- integration of GPS and INS. Introduction to terrain reference navigation systems. UNIT IV COMMUNICATION AND SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS

Introduction to voice and data communication systems - HF, VHF, UHF and satellite communications - data recorders audio management systems in-flight entertainment systems ACARS data communication systems. Traffic alert and collision avoidance systems (TCAS) Enhanced ground proximity warning systems Air traffic control systems Mode S transponders Predictive wind shear warning systems Weather radar systems Radio altimeters UNIT V AUTOPILOTS AND FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

Introduction to autopilots and FMS basic principles of autopilots height control heading control ILS coupled autopilot control introduction to automatic landing systems satellite landing guidance systems speed control and

auto throttle control systems. Flight management systems flight planning navigation and guidance. Flight path optimization and performance prediction cost index - control of the vertical flight path profile. UNIT- VI MILITARY AIRCRAFT ADAPTATION

Avionic and mission system interface - navigation and flight management, navigation aids, flight deck displays, communications, aircraft systems- applications personnel, material and vehicle transport - air-to-air refueling, maritime patrol- airborne early warning- ground surveillance. Electronic warfare the EW Spectrum- electronic support measures- electronic counter-measures - electro-optics and the infra-red. UNIT- VII AIRBORNE RADAR, ASTRIONICS - AVIONICS FOR SPACECRAFT

Propagation of Radar waves- functional elements of radar- antenna- transmitter. Types of Radar- Pulse Doppler- civil aviation applications, military applications. Attitude determination & control of spacecraft- magnetometers, sun sensors, star trackers, earth and horizon sensors. Command and telemetry systems. UNIT VIII AVIONICS SYSTEMS INTEGRATION

Systems integration- definition. History of dvelopment of avionics and system integration- the systems approach, standardisation of specifications, interchangeability of equipment, federated architecture. Need for speedy, accurate exchanging complex data among subsystems- the data bus systems MIL STD 1553 bus system, ARINC 429 / ARINC 629 bus systems, optical data bus systems- principal features. Integrated modular avionics architectures commercial off the shelf systems. Avionics packaging. TEXT BOOKS

1. Collinson, R.P.G., Introduction to Avionics Systems, second edition, Springer, 2003, ISBN 978-81-8489-7951

2. Moir, I. and Seabridge, A., Civil Avionics Systems, AIAA Education Series, AIAA, 2002, ISBN 1-56347589-8. 3. Moir, I., Seabridge, A. & Jukes, M., Military Avionics Systems (Aerospace), Wiley, 2006, ISBN
9780470016329.

REFERENCES

1. Tooly, M. and Wyatt, D., Aircraft Communication and Navigation Systems, ELSEVIER, 2007, ISBN 978-07506-81377

2. Kayton, M., & Fried, W.R., Avionics Navigation Systems, Wiley, 1997, ISBN 0-471-54795-6. 3. Helfrick, A., Principles of Avionics, Avionics Communications Inc. Leesburg, 2000, VA 20177, USA, ISBN 1885544-10-3.

4. Moir, I. and Seabridge, A., Aircraft Systems: Mechanical, Electrical and Avionics Subsystems Integration,
AIAA Education Series, AIAA, 2001, ISBN 1-56347506-5.

5. Harris, D., Ground Studies for Pilots: Flight Instruments and Automatic Flight Control Systems, sixth edition,
Blackwell Science, 2004, ISBN 0-632-05951-6.

6. Pallett, E.H.J., Aircraft Instruments & Integrated Systems, 1996, Longman Scientific & Technical.