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Business Ethics

Business Ethics

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EVREN KUCUKKAYA

Business Ethics Seminar Professor Paul Leiman
Ethical Analyses of France Full-Face Veil Ban
evrenkucukkaya@msn.com – Tel: 0651318872

2012

ISG-INTERNATONAL MBA

1 2 http://www. People use the codes of ethics in their daily life to decide between right or wrong or use to solve the right vs. The term is derived from the Greek word ethos which can mean custom.shtml retrieved at 26. community or political life alongside their daily life. habit.06.co.reference. philosophies and cultures. character or disposition. Ethics of life is a guide in the all areas of the life. human rights and professional conduct1. Ethics is a concept that we are using in every seconds of our life to decide between the right and the wrong by depending on our past experiences. ethics is a system of moral principles. Decisions about freedom (what is the limit of the freedom. right. where it starts and ends?). They affect how people make decisions and lead their lives.2012 1 Evren KUCUKKAYA . wrong decisions which are affecting the life of community or the future of a business and the stakeholders who are affecting because these decisions. Limits of rights or freedoms will be a knife edge for anyone or any mechanism which want to be a decision-maker for these limits. right vs. a person’s right to be a part of a religion and limits of these demands always a real knife edge for all governments. At its simplest. wrong or wrong vs. Moral compass is anything or any value which serves to guide a person's decisions based on morals or virtues2. culture and religion we growth in and conscience.bbc.Summary Ethics is one of the challenging concepts of present-day.uk/ethics/introduction/intro_1. Especially. They infuse debates on topics like abortion. Ethics is concerned with what is good for individuals and society and is also described as moral philosophy. People are using codes of ethics in business. Moral compass will help anyone when he/she decide on these kinds of problems.com/browse/moral+compass retrieved at 26. right dilemma about their own life or the situations about their families and their friends.06. Ethics covers the following dilemmas:     how to live a good life our rights and responsibilities the language of right and wrong Moral decisions . Codes of ethics are using for the right vs.what is good and bad? Our concepts of ethics have been derived from religions. and decisions about the human rights are the most challenging topics for the ethics.2012 http://dictionary.

....................................................... 12 Non-governmental Organizations ................................................................................................................... 11 French Citizens .................................................................................................. 13 Freedoms: ............................................................................................................................. 3... 10 Values: .................................... 14 2 Evren KUCUKKAYA ....... 13 Ethical Dilemma (Right vs.......................... 4 Stakeholders ............................... 9 Secondary Values: Conveniences: ............... 7 Rights: ................................................................................................................................. Introduction ................................. A..................................................................... 11 Rights: ...................................................................................... 10 Freedoms: ...................................................................................................... 1..................................................................................................................................................................... 9 Luxury Values: Refinements: ................................. 1........................................ C........................ B..................................................................... 5 Responsibilities: ................................................................................................... 4................................................................................................. 12 Freedoms: ............... 4.........................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Summary .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7 Freedoms: .................................. 12 Rights: . 3......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2.................................................................. 11 Responsibilities: ............................................................................... 9 Rights: ............................................................................................................................................................................ 2.......... 9 Freedoms: ................................ 2............ 7 Muslim Communities in France .......................... 5 Values: .................................................................................. a) b) c) 3................................................................................................................................................... 10 Rights: ........................................ E.. 2............................................................................................ 5 French Government ............................................................................................................................................................... 4.............................................................................................. III....................... II.............. 3.. D................................... 10 Muslim Women ........................................................... 8 Values: ..... 4.............................. 1 I...................... 1...................................................................................... 7 Responsibilities: ........................................................................ IV.............................................................................................................. 12 Values: .............................. 10 Responsibilities: .................................................................... 13 Conclusion ..... 3........ 4....................... 1....... 2.................................................. 1.............................................................. Right) ............................................................................................... 8 Five Basic Values for All Mankind: .................................................................................................... 12 Responsibilities: ............................................ 11 Values: ......................................

......................................................................... 15 3 Evren KUCUKKAYA .........References ............................................................

washingtonpost. becoming the first country in Europe to impose restrictions on a form of attire that some Muslims consider a religious obligation. But the ban set off protests in Paris and several other cities. Afghanistan etc.2012 4 Evren KUCUKKAYA .I. identifying the person inside that cloth is becoming impossible.com/blogs/under-god/post/french-face-veil-ban-goes-into-effect-twoarrested/2011/04/11/AFQuH7KD_blog.06. From the Associated Press report on “the world’s first country to ban the veils anywhere in public:4” “French President Nicolas Sarkozy set the wheels in motion for the ban nearly two years ago. Especially.06. Introduction This essay generally examines various aspects of the Ethical Implications of France’s Veil In April 11th.washingtonpost.html retrieved on 26. The ban enjoyed wide public support when it was approved by parliament last year.06. saying the veils imprison women and contradict this secular nation’s values of dignity and equality.html retrieved on 26. is viewed by supporters as a necessary step to preserve French culture and to fight what they see as separatist tendencies among Muslims.nytimes. Iran. Yemen. These kinds of clothes are mostly required by law in Egypt.com/blogs/under-god/post/french-face-veil-ban-goes-into-effect-twoarrested/2011/04/11/AFQuH7KD_blog. The ban. Ban. Losing the ability of identifying of the identity persons who is wearing a full-face veil can cause a security concerns for the French government.2001 and the several bombing incidents in Europe which are organized by the Islamic terrorist groups this characteristic of this clothing type was became a security issue for most of the European countries (England and Spain).html retrieved on 26.11. France on Monday formally banned the wearing of full veils in public places. 2011 France accepted a law that bans full face veils. Beside of these security concerns this type of clothing is seen as disrespecting of the French values and separation of church and state.5” These veils are the part of the cloths of Muslim women’s that named burqa or nicab which are required by the radical followers of the laws of the sharia.2012 5 http://www. after 09. Covering face of a woman can be seen as a destruction of her personality and an effort to eliminating the 3 4 http://www. Full body covering characteristics of this clothing type. Saudi Arabia.2012 http://www. which came after a year of debate and months of preparation. worried about their rights as French citizens3. including those in this heavily immigrant community near Lyon. and it has left many Muslims.com/2011/04/12/world/europe/12france. Burqa and Nicab are the clothes which are mostly in black and cover the full body of the women.

It shall respect all beliefs.wikipedia. this study first needs to realize the involved stakeholders because of the full-face veil ban. It is typically called the Constitution of the Fifth Republic. The current Constitution of France was adopted on 4 October 1958. This study must explain the values. D.org/wiki/Constitution_of_France#Impact_on_personal_freedoms retrieved on 26. A. Muslim Communities in France. French Government. secular. Muslim Women. without distinction of origin. and replaced that of the Fourth Republic dating from 19466. freedoms and responsibilities of these stakeholders to find the ethical dilemma in this full-face veil ban case. These efforts are opposite to the principle of equity of the law constitution of France. Non-governmental Organizations. The stakeholders who are involved this full-face veil ban is.2012 5 Evren KUCUKKAYA . 6 http://en. C. It shall ensure the equality of all citizens before the law. Article 1  France shall be an indivisible.position in the community. Responsibilities: French government is responsible to protect its citizens and implementation of the laws that which are stated by the constitution of France as any other countries. Sovereignty is determined under four articles in the French constitution. E. These articles are. Stakeholders To realize the ethical dilemma in this case.06. French Citizens. A. II. rights. B. French Government 1. democratic and social Republic. race or religion.

The national anthem shall be La Marseillaise.com/mn2/reformclub/f/franceconst. All French citizens of either sex who have reached their majority and are in possession of their civil and political rights may vote as provided by statute.  They shall contribute to the implementation of the principle set out in the last paragraph of article 3 as provided by statute7. No section of the people nor any individual may arrogate to itself. Equality. Article 4  Political parties and groups shall contribute to the exercise of suffrage. The motto of the Republic shall be « Liberty. They must respect the principles of national sovereignty and democracy. The national emblem shall be the blue. Article 3      National sovereignty shall belong to the people. They shall be formed and carry on their activities freely. white and red tricolour flag. the exercise thereof. by the people and for the people. or to himself.06.2012 6 Evren KUCUKKAYA .angelfire. and Fraternity ». It shall always be universal. who shall exercise it through their representatives and by means of referendum. Suffrage may be direct or indirect as provided by the Constitution. Statutes shall promote equal access by women and men to elective offices and positions.Article 2      The language of the Republic shall be French. equal and secret. Its principle shall be: government of the people.html retrieved on 26. 7 http://www.

4. what are the limits of freedom of taking actions of the French government. Because of its principle of Equity the government cannot allow the subjugation of women or destruction of their personality. there are 5 to 6 million Muslims in metropolitan France. The government counted all those people in France who came here from countries with a dominant Muslim population. Main problem about this freedom of the government is that. It shall respect all beliefs. all governments on the world has a right to take an action against the activities which are threatening its values and the rights of its citizens. secular. It shall ensure the equality of all citizens before the law. Rights: Still French government has a right to protect its citizen against the terrorism and subjugation. according to the French Government which does not have the right to ask direct questions about religion and uses a criterion of people’s geographic origin as a basis for calculation.2. French government must be free to protect its values and citizens. Not only French government. Equality. B. or whose parents did. But in article one and article two what must be the values against the religious beliefs of French government is explaining clearly by.  The motto of the Republic shall be « Liberty.  France shall be an indivisible. Muslim Communities in France As of 2010. race or religion. 3. These two sentences clearly show us what must be the values and line of vision of the French governments against the religion beliefs of the people not only its own citizens but universally. without distinction of origin. Values: All of these four articles are about the respect of beliefs and equity of the people. and Fraternity ». democratic and social Republic. Only 33% of those 5 to 6 million people (2 million) said they were 7 Evren KUCUKKAYA . Freedoms: Because of the same reasons that mentioned below the topics of responsibilities and rights.

000 100.000 1.org/wiki/Islam_in_France#cite_note-6 retrieved on 27. November 2000. and 20% claimed to go regularly to the mosque for the Friday service.lefigaro. Muslims word is matching with the terrorist and ignorant. Responsibilities: Main responsibility of these communities is respecting the laws of France where they are living. That figure is the same as that obtained by the INED/INSEE study in October 20108.2012 9 http://en. 36% described themselves as "observant believers".000 100.000 1. Unfortunately. Another responsibility of these communities is preventing the misunderstanding about the Islam in France.fr/note/how-does-france-count-its-muslim-population-20110407-435643 retrieved on 27. 26) published the following estimated distribution of Muslims by affiliated countries9: Algeria Morocco Tunisia Turkey Sub-Saharan Africa Middle East remaining Asia (mostly Pakistan and Bangladesh) Converts illegal immigrants or awaiting regularisation Other Total Table1. Changing these misunderstanding must be one of the most important responsibilities of the Muslim communities.000 4. 2.000 40.5 million French Muslims who are 8 http://plus.155.06.practicing believers. An Interior ministry source in l'Islam dans la République (Haut Conseil à l'intégration.000 350.000 350. This would amount to a number of roughly 1.000. p.06. Values: Among Muslims.000 100. Muslim communities in France 1. 70% said they "observe Ramadan".000 250.wikipedia.000 315.550.2012 8 Evren KUCUKKAYA .

They have rights to teach their children with their knowledge. Attacking to innocent is an unforgiving sin.html retrieved on 27. Wealth."observant believers". Simply they are. The values of Islam are a complicated topic. Examples include the use and enjoyment of things that man can do without. No coercion in Islam Intellect or Knowledge: Knowledge must be secured by society Family Life and Offspring: Family is always respected in Islam. a carpet in winter. are needed to remove difficulties or impediments in life. The number of people of Islam observing lineage who are practicing Roman Catholics is negligible10. and 1 million citizens of "(Islam observing lineage) Muslim extraction" but with no strong religious or cultural ties to Islam. etc. pray in their sacred places (mosque 10 11 http://en. Religion: Freedom to choose. but rather. but with difficulty.wikipedia.2012 http://islam. is an fundamental human value b) Secondary Values: Conveniences: Conveniences comprise all activities and things that are not vital to preserve the five foundations. if a car is considered as an item of convenience.uga.06. They do not only remove difficulty but improve the comfort. Rights: These communities have the rights of living in their religious beliefs freely. such as the use of some mode of transport (a car).org/wiki/Islam_in_France#cite_note-express-7 retrieved on 27.2012 9 Evren KUCUKKAYA .edu/norms_values. For example.5 million who identify with Islam enough to observe Ramadan. c) Luxury Values: Refinements: This category includes items that are beyond those for convenience. than a chauffeur-driven car is obviously a refinement11. a) Five Basic Values for All Mankind:      Life: Respect on human soul and life is in high priority in Islam.06. another 1. 3.

com/2011/04/12/world/europe/12france. free to choose their clothes.html 10 Evren KUCUKKAYA . With a lucky guess there must be nearly 3 million of Muslim women must live in France. C.). 2. short of the long. Responsibilities: All women on the world have responsibilities against their families. 4. not only Muslim women. choosing their clothes. Still the problem is the limitations of these freedoms.etc. getting educated on their religion. Not all of the Muslims are radical on their religion. Rights: Muslim women have right to free to pray. or choosing their clothes depends on their beliefs etc. Values: Values of the Muslim women are mostly same with the values of the Islam that mentioned above. free to travel safely by without the negative impressions. choosing to believe what they want. But there is only 2000 women are wearing Nicab with full-face veil in France depending on the numbers of The Interior Ministry12. 3. free to have a business or work. Muslim Women There are nearly 6 million Muslims are living in France. 1. 12 http://www. This law can be an injustice for the rest of the Muslim women who are still living in France by respecting the French laws. etc. they have the same rights that other communities have. celebrating their religious days. They have responsibilities against France by respecting the laws and rules of the community. This law can indicate all Muslim women as radicals. and free to choose to not to believe. This law can create a prejudice on the other Muslim women who are not wearing full-face veil. Freedoms: Freedoms of these communities are free to pray in the way of their religion. They have a responsibility to be a role model to their children.nytimes. The full-face veil is the product of the radical Islam.

2012 http://www.insee. history.htm retrieved on 27.fr/fr/themes/document. French Citizens On January 1. 65.06. Another problem about their freedom is prejudice and treatment of the government and the citizens which belongs other religions.html retrieved on 27.4.821. They cannot hold outside the principle of the equity of French constitution.2012 15 11 Evren KUCUKKAYA . They 13 14 http://www. language and cuisine.org. Responsibilities: French citizens have responsibilities against their country. 2011.06.06. As for the rest of the population. Their responsibilities against community are respecting the others freedoms and rights. they belong to Protestantism. 2.asp?ref_id=ip1332#inter1 retrieved on 27. France gained this culture by experiencing huge events which are changed the history during the ages such as French revolution and World War II. Freedoms: Muslim women have same freedoms with any other citizen of France. French culture is created by experiences of ages. France constitution is based on the liberty and human rights15. food. Their responsibilities against the France are respecting the laws and electing the governments which they believe to rule the country in peace and justice. French culture is depends on the human rights and freedoms. 1.lb/muslimcommunities/France.com/mn2/reformclub/f/franceconst. The French have been and are today world leaders in fashion. Catholic constitutes around 85% of the population and Muslims rank second with some 7%. Values: The French adhere to a strong and homogeneous set of values. They cherish their culture. As seen above most of the French population is sharing the Christian belief. Judaism and other religions14. Still the limit of this freedom is the main problem. family and community.885 people lived in the French Republic13.angelfire.bayynat. art and architecture. wine. which are considered an art. D. Their responsibilities against their family are giving their children the knowledge of ethics and respect etc.2012 http://english.

place of residence.com/np/cultural_etiquette/ce_fr. They can interpret the full-face veil as a device of the subjugation of women or they can interpret the law is a barrier against the freedom of religion. national or ethnic origin.embrace novelty. Human rights are described by United Nation as. whatever our nationality. Such as. But first of all they have to decide which comment is the right one about the situation. new ideas and manners with enthusiasm as long as they are elegant16. Beside of those there are several Islamıc non-governmental organizations which are operating in France. etc. Islamic Human Rights Commission. Is full-face veil a device of the subjugation or is the full-face ban law is a law against the freedoms.htm retrieved on 27. 3. 16 http://www. freedom. 1. Freedoms: Freedom of French citizens is guaranteed by the constitution law of the France. They have responsibility to enlighten the community about the situation and take actions against the contravention of human rights. They have the right to demand safety and wealth from the government. E. They have the same freedoms with the Muslims who lives in France and more. sex. Human Rights League.2012 12 Evren KUCUKKAYA . Responsibilities: Non-governmental organizations have responsibilities against the community.06. 2. colour. They can interpret this case in two different ways. Values: Human rights are the first value for these kinds of non-governmental organizations. These organizations are mostly work on Human Rights.ediplomat. “Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings. Their values are depends on equity. Rights: French citizens have rights that are determined in constitution of France. Non-governmental Organizations There are several non-governmental organizations who are directly involved with the French full-face veil ban. individualism and hard-working. 4.

4. language. 3. Preventing the subjugation of the women is an important topic for any government. These organizations can use these lobbies as pressure groups against any corporation or government to force them step back and change their decisions. Freedoms: Non-governmental organizations free to create lobbies against the violations of the human rights. That date was become a defining point for most of the western countries. They can organize interviews on television or in social media to inform the people about any situation. 17 18 http://www. These lobbies can be effective against the governments and will be able to force them step back. These rights are all interrelated.com/what-are-human-rights/universal-declaration-of-human-rights. Rights: Non-governmental organizations have rights to creating lobbies against the violation of human rights.” Human rights are described more detailed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which is announced at December 10.2012 http://www. Prejudices can cause violence against the people in time.06.org/en/issues/Pages/WhatareHumanRights.2012 13 Evren KUCUKKAYA . Right) The specific questions in here are: Is French government has a right to limit the freedom of its citizens? Is this law against the characteristic of the secularism? This case is including a right vs.humanrights. In the other hand security problems after 9/11 especially against the Islamic terrorism are creating the prejudice against the Muslim communities around the world.html retrieved on 27. This situation can drive any government to take an action against the radical Islam and Islamic laws. right ethical dilemma. Unfortunately in most countries which are ruling by the Islamic laws which is named Sharia women has very limited rights.aspx retrieved on 27.ohchr. or any other status.06. interdependent and indivisible17. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. III. 1948 by United Nations18.religion. Ethical Dilemma (Right vs. Social media is one of the most powerful weapons of the nongovernmental organizations in present day. These organizations can organize protests or creating pressure on the sides by using their lobbies. Most clear example for that is the holocaust which is happened during the World War II.

Most of the Muslim countries are unfortunately Third World countries that without any real education. 14 Evren KUCUKKAYA . But it is not right by doing that offending a specific community. their first priority must be the education. such as France. Today nobody is remembering that law and in practice the law is no longer implemented. do not want to see the women who live by the same way in their countries. The law took its place on the dusty shelves of history will not be a wrong sentence about it.Today the full-face veil ban law totally forgotten. But if it is an outcome of the prejudice against the Muslim community than it is totally against the all ideals of the constitution. IV. Conclusion First of all one thing must be clarified about this law. Women are only raised for being wife and serving men. Is it really a law against the subjugation or it is only an outcome of the prejudice against the Muslim communities? If it is only aiming to prevent the subjugation than it is the wrong move for a right purpose. If the governments of western countries. Women subjugation is an important topic that must be prevent by taking precautions. Are the laws the best way to prevent the subjugation or not? Best ways of preventing the subjugation are education and development. Educated women can play any role in community that play by the men.

html  I certify that this Final Paper is my work alone and that I did not plagiarize or unlawfully copy any of the Final Paper.ohchr.insee.org/wiki/Constitution_of_France#Impact_on_personal_freedoms http://www.wikipedia.reference.References                 http://www.angelfire.com/mn2/reformclub/f/franceconst.bayynat.edu/norms_values.com/browse/moral+compass http://www.html http://www.com/2011/04/12/world/europe/12france.nytimes.htm http://www.humanrights.wikipedia.com/2011/04/12/world/europe/12france.org/wiki/Islam_in_France#cite_note-6 http://en.html http://www.bbc.co.com/what-are-human-rights/universal-declaration-of-humanrights.asp?ref_id=ip1332#inter1 http://english.ediplomat.org/wiki/Islam_in_France#cite_note-express-7 http://islam.com/blogs/under-god/post/french-face-veil-ban-goes-intoeffect-two-arrested/2011/04/11/AFQuH7KD_blog.lefigaro.fr/note/how-does-france-count-its-muslim-population-20110407-435643 http://en.aspx http://www.uga.lb/muslimcommunities/France.html http://plus.html http://en.nytimes. Evren KUCUKKAYA 15 Evren KUCUKKAYA .org.org/en/issues/Pages/WhatareHumanRights.htm http://www.uk/ethics/introduction/intro_1.shtml http://dictionary.html http://www.wikipedia.fr/fr/themes/document.washingtonpost.com/np/cultural_etiquette/ce_fr.

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