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OAS, Sustainable Indigenous Energy production and use in the lands used by the Trio and Wayana peoples in the Suriname-Brazil border, 2006

OAS, Sustainable Indigenous Energy production and use in the lands used by the Trio and Wayana peoples in the Suriname-Brazil border, 2006

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Published by Detlef Loy

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Published by: Detlef Loy on Dec 22, 2012
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From a literature review and communications it results to be difficult to project the current
population in these areas because the indigenous people have a nomadic lifestyle, moving in and
out of the villages and sometimes crossing the borders with the surrounding countries. Based on a
2005 survey executed by the primary health care organization “Medische Zending Suriname” the
current Trio and Wayana population at the Suriname part of the region is estimated to be about
1766 and 630 respectively. On the Brazilian side there are about 811 people with Tiriyo,
Kaxuyana, Ewarhuyana or Tsikuyana ethnicity (all fall under the Tiriyo people categorization)
living in Paru de Oeste/Cuxare. And about 74 Tiriyo people that live on the Paru de Leste river.
This means a total Tiriyo population of about 88518

(120019

) people on the Brazilian side of the

Suriname-Brazil border region.

Table 2.1 shows an overview of the population counts per each village in the Trio and Wayana
lands. Note that the demographic information for Suriname is meant for indicative reasons and
that the limitation of this data is that it only includes villages where a clinic is located and where
there is a registry of the inhabitants. There are more Trio villages on the Surinamese side of the
region, namely Coeroeni, Wanapan and Amatopo20

, but unfortunately there is no data available
on the population’s sizes in these villages. On the Brazilian side there are ongoing survey’s to
count the population sizes in each village within the Tumucumaque reserve. From general
estimates there are two major villages, Missao Trio and Cuxare. See table 2.1 for more detail.

Table 2.1 Demographic data of the Suriname-Brazil border region21

Village

Population

Trio

Kwamalasamutu

1042

Alalapadu

32

Sipaliwini

109

Pelele Tepu

469

Coeroeni

n.a.

Wanapan

n.a.

Amatopo

n.a.

Missao Tiriyo

600

Cuxare

100

Trio/Wayana

Palumeu

228

Wayana

Apetina (Puleowime)

325

Kawemhakam

191

Total

3096

17

Source: http://www.amapabusca.com.br/edgar/indios_primeiros_contatos.htm

18

Source: http://www.amapabusca.com.br/edgar/indios_primeiros_contatos.htm

19

From communications with Mr. van Roosmalen, ACT Brazil, May 2006

20

From communications with the Amazone Conservation Team (ACT)

21

Source: Population survey per poli, Medische Zending Suriname, November 2005

Author: K.H. de Cuba

Department of Sustainable Development
The Organization of American States (DSD/OAS)

23

The population size within the Suriname-Brazil border region is between 3096 – 3600 people,
with a population density between 0.08 – 0.09 pers./km2

22

. The population growth rate in the
Suriname-Brazil border region is not monitored, but on Suriname national level the population
growth is set between 0.8-1.2%23

. If this growth rate is applied to the population of the Suriname-
Brazil border region the population will grow to between 3353 - 3488 people in the year 2015,
see figure 2.2.

2800

2900

3000

3100

3200

3300

3400

3500

3600

20052006200720082009201020112012201320142015

Years

Population

Low growth rate (0.8%/year)

High growth rate (1.2%/year)

Figure 2.2 Growth projection of the people from the Suriname-Brazil border region (2005-
2015)

Note that the projections made in figure 2.2 are based on the national data of Suriname, for a
better assessment the population size and growth rate levels of each individual village in the
Suriname-Brazil border region need to be collected.

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