# 50 Keys To CAT

**Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Modern Mathematics
**

A collection of 50 very important formulae for Quantitative Ability Section of CAT from the pioneers of online CAT training

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1. Averages

2. Mean

For two numbers a and b,

3. Percentage Change

For two successive changes of a% and b%,

4. Interest

Amount = Principal + Interest © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. 1

P = original value. G. S. A. Ltd. A. = Compound Annual Growth Rate]
8. G. R. Growth
Absolute Growth = Final Value – Initial Value
[Here. R. G.5. Population Formula
[Here. P’ = final value after n years. A. = Simple Annual Growth Rate. A. R. All rights reserved. P = Original population. r% = rate of annual depreciation]
7. = Average Annual Growth Rate and C. Depreciation Formula
[Here. r% = rate of annual change]
6.
2
. Profit and Loss
Profit = SP − CP Loss = CP − SP
© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. P’ = population after n years.

y are obtained free along with x articles. Ltd.
© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. x are bought and articles worth Rs. All rights reserved. then a : b = c : d = (a + c) : (b + d) If a < b.9.
3
.
Discount
Discount = Marked Price − Selling Price
Buy x and Get y Free If articles worth Rs. then for a positive quantity x. then the overall percentage profit is given by
10. using false weights. then the discount is equal to y and discount percentage is given by
Successive Discounts When a discount of a% is followed by another discount of b%. then
11.
Ratios
If a : b = c : d. False Weights
If an item is claimed to be sold at cost price.

4
. y is the quantity that is replaced and n is the number of times the replacement process is carried out.If a > b.
Proportions
13. then for a positive quantity x.
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Successive Replacement
Where x is the original quantity.
12.

Time. All rights reserved.
Average Speed
If the distance is constant. Ltd.14.
Alligation Rule
The ratio of the weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture.
5
. Speed and Distance
Important Conversion Factors:
16. then average speed is given by harmonic mean of two speeds:
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Alligation Cross:
15.

of (x − r1).
H. and L.F.
Application of H.
6
.
The smallest natural number that is divisible by x. is the H. y and z leaving the same remainder r in each case is the L. r2 and r3.
Application of L.
Time and Work
19. respectively.F. then average speed is given by arithmetic mean of two speeds:
17.M.If the time is constant.C. of Fractions
© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.C. (y − r2) and (z − r3)
20.C.C.C. y and z) + r
21. All rights reserved.F.M.C.
Relative Speed
For Trains
For Boats and Streams
18. of (x.M.
The greatest natural number that will divide x. Ltd. y and z leaving remainders r1.

7
. All rights reserved.
Laws of Indices
If a and b are non-zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers. Ltd. then
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Properties of Surds
23.22.

then according to the binomial theorem:
26.
Roots of Quadratic Equation
The two roots of the quadratic equation. Ltd.
Laws of Logarithms
25. All rights reserved.24. ax2 + bx + c = 0 are given by:
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8
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Binomial Theorem
If n is a natural number that is greater than or equal to 2.

Geometric Progression
30. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Harmonic Progression
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Arithmetic Progression
29.
9
.27.
Algebraic Formulae
(a + b) (a − b) = a2 − b2 (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 (a − b)2 = a2 − 2ab + b2 (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3 (a − b)3 = a3 − 3a2b + 3ab2 − b3 a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 − ab + b2) a3 − b3 = (a − b)(a2 + ab + b2)
28.

Combinations
Important Properties:
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Permutations
34.
10
.31.
Factorial
n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × (n − 1) × n n! = n × (n − 1)!
33. All rights reserved.
Sum of Important Series
Sum of first n natural numbers
Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers
Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers
32. Ltd.

11
. Ltd.35.
Partition Rule
Number of ways of distributing n identical things among r persons when each person may get any number of things =
36.
Pythagoras Theorem
For right triangle ABC
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Probability
37.

All rights reserved.
12
.For acute triangle ABC
For obtuse triangle ABC
© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd.

13
. Ltd.38. All rights reserved.
Area of Triangle
When lengths of the sides are given
When lengths of the base and altitude are given
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Ltd.When lengths of two sides and the included angle are given
For Equilateral Triangle
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14
. All rights reserved.

then:
AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2)
© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.For Isosceles Triangle
39.
Apollonius Theorem
If AD is the median.
15
. Ltd. All rights reserved.

Area of Quadrilateral
For Cyclic Quadrilateral
If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given
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Angle Bisector Theorem
If AD is the angle bisector for angle A. then:
41. Ltd.40.
16
. All rights reserved.

If lengths of two diagonals and the included angle are given
For Trapezium
For Parallelogram
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17
. All rights reserved.

18
.For Rhombus
For Rectangle
For Square
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Polygons
Number of Diagonals
The sum of all the interior angles
The sum of all the exterior angles
43.42.
Area of Regular Hexagon
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19
.

Circle
Circumference
Area
Length of Arc
Area of Sector
Or.
20
. Ltd. All rights reserved.44.
Perimeter of Sector
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Ellipse
If semi-major axis (OD) = a and semi-minor axis (OA) = b. Perimeter of the ellipse
Area of the ellipse
46. Ltd. if P is the length of perpendicular.45. All rights reserved.
Trigonometric Ratios
is the angle between base and hypotenuse. B is the length of base.
21
.
For a right triangle. H is the length of hypotenuse and
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A. All rights reserved. y1) and B (x2. Ltd.47.A. + 2 × Area of base Volume (V) = Area of base × height
© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.) = Perimeter of base × height Total Surface Area (T.S.S.
Distance between Points
Distance between two points A (x1.) = L.A. y2) is given by
48.S.
Right Prism
Lateral Surface Area (L.
22
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S.S. = 4a2 T. = 2(lh + bh) T.A.S. = 6a2 Volume (V) = a3
© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd.Cuboid
L.A.
23
.A. All rights reserved. = 2(lh + bh + lb) Volume (V) = lbh
Cube
L.A.S.

A.A. All rights reserved. + Area of base
© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.S.S.
24
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Right Pyramid
T.Cylinder
Curved Surface Area (C. Ltd. = L.) = 2πrh T.S. = 2πrh + 2πr2 Volume (V) = πr2h
49.A.S.A.

A. Ltd.
25
. = πrl + πr2
Frustum of a cone
© 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.Cone
C.A. = πrl T. All rights reserved.S.S.

S.
Sphere
C.S.50.S.A. = 2πr2 T. = 4πr2 T. Ltd.S. = 3πr2
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26
.A.A. All rights reserved. = 4πr2
Hemisphere
C.A.

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