Vertical Forces (Gravity/Other) and Incidental Lateral Component of the Structural Engineering BREADTH Exam Specifications

Effective Beginning with the April 2011 Examinations

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The 4-hour Vertical Forces (Gravity/Other) and Incidental Lateral breadth examination is offered on Friday morning and focuses on gravity loads. It contains 40 multiple-choice questions. The exam uses the US Customary System (USCS) of units. The exam is developed with questions that will require a variety of approaches and methodologies, including design, analysis, and application. The knowledge areas specified as examples of kinds of knowledge are not exclusive or exhaustive categories. Score results are combined with depth exam results for final score of this component.
Approximate Percentage of Examination


Analysis of Structures A. Loads 1. Dead 2. Live 3. Snow, including drifting 4. Moving (e.g., vehicular, pedestrian, crane) 5. Thermal 6. Shrinkage and creep 7. Impact (e.g., vehicular, crane, and elevator) 8. Settlement 9. Ponding 10. Fluid 11. Ice 12. Static earth pressure 13. Hydrostatic 14. Hydraulics (e.g., stream flow, wave action, scour, flood) B. Methods 1. Statics (e.g., determinate, location of forces and moments, free-body diagrams) 2. Shear and moment diagrams 3. Code coefficients and tables 4. Computer-generated structural analysis techniques (e.g., modeling, interpreting, and verifying results) 5. Simplified analysis methods (e.g., influence lines, portal frame method/cantilever method) 6. Indeterminate analysis methods (e.g., deflection compatibility)

30% 10%


Beams 5. beams. Fatigue (for AASHTO concrete and steel) 5. Bridge cross-frame diaphragms D. Corrosion B. Expansion joints 7.5% 2. Design and Details of Structures A. Weld design 13. Two-way slab systems 5. Columns and compression members 4. Strengthening existing systems: reinforcing methods C. Web crippling E.II. quality controls and coordination with other disciplines 2. Post-tensioned concrete 2 65% 7. Flexural members (e. Tension members 2. Connections 3. Framing 2.g. Material properties and standards 2. Serviceability requirements (a) Deflection (b) Camber (c) Vibration 4.5% 12. Plate girders—curved 7. and slabs) 2.5% 2. Columns and compression members 3.. General Structural Considerations 1. Pre-tensioned concrete 6.5% 12. masonry support angle. Light Gage/Cold-Formed Steel 1.5% . Connections—bolted 11. Beam-columns 9. Concrete 1. joists.g.. Specifications. Plate girders—straight 6. Bearings 6. Design for shear 3. bridge decks. Relief angle (e. Composite steel design 14. Connections—welded 10. Load combinations 3. facade support angle) 15. Bridge piers 16. Structural Systems Integration 1. Structural Steel 1. Constructability 3. Base plates 4. Moment connections 12. Construction sequencing 4. Trusses 8.

Basement walls for buildings 11.5% 10% 5% 3 . Effect of adjacent loads 12. Anchored walls 9. Bolted. Compression members 3. and screwed connections G. timber) 6. steel.g.. sliding and bearing 4. Use of modulus of sub-grade reaction III. Crack control 10. Bridge piers 9. Trusses 7. Procedures for Mitigating Nonconforming Work B. Cantilever walls 10. Sawn beams 2. Drilled shafts/drilled piers/caissons 7. boring logs.7. settlement. Inspection Methods 10% 7. at rest.g. passive. Foundations and Retaining Structures 1. Selection of foundation systems (e. Composite design 11. Gravity walls 8. Flexural members 2. Piles (concrete. Combined footings/mat foundations 5. cohesion) 2. bearing. Attachment of elements and anchorage to concrete (e. Construction Administration A.. Bearing walls 4. Detailing (e. nailed. Glue-laminated beams 3. deflection. Use of design pressure coefficients (e. Bearing walls 6. Slab-on-grade F. active. Columns 5. crack control. and groundwater table) 3. inserts. Engineered lumber 4. masonry openings) H... coefficient of friction. attachment plates. Overturning. based on geotechnical information. Masonry 1.g. Wood 1. dowels) 8.g.

American Institute of Steel Construction. Washington. Building Code Requirements and Specifications for Masonry Structures (and related commentaries). Steel Construction Manual. American Institute of Steel Construction. Special Design Provisions for Wind and Seismic with Commentary. PCI Design Handbook: Precast and Prestressed Concrete. Chicago. 2012* ABBREVIATION AASHTO DESIGN STANDARD TITLE AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications. and Structural Engineering Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers. 2008 edition.STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING Design Standards1 These standards apply to the Vertical and Lateral components of the Structural Engineering exam. 2005 edition.. 2009 edition (without supplements). 2010. Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures.3. IL. CO. International Code Council. VA. except strength design Section 3. Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete. The 2010 interim is not required. MI. 2005 edition & National Design Specification Supplement. American Concrete Institute. The Masonry Society. DC. Solutions to exam questions that reference a standard of practice are scored based on this list. MI. Chicago. VA. Reston. Chicago. Washington. American Forest & Paper Association. DC.5 may be used for tall slender walls with out-of-plane loads from wind and seismic. Reston. Seismic Design Manual. 5th edition. IL. Solutions based on other editions or standards will not receive credit. Boulder. American Iron and Steel Institute. 2005. National Design Specification for Wood Construction ASD/LRFD. Washington. 2004. American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials. VA. DC. 2008. . IL. IBC ASCE 7 ACI 318 AISC AISC AISI NDS NDS PCI TMS 402/602-082 Notes 1. Inc. American Forest & Paper Association. American Concrete Institute. Farmington Hills. *2. 6th edition. 2nd printing (October 2006) or 3rd printing (March 2008). Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute. DC. Examinees will use only the Allowable Stress Design (ASD) method. Falls Church. International Building Code. American Society of Civil Engineers. All questions use the US Customary System (USCS) of units. 13th edition. North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members. Effective Beginning with the April 2012 Examinations Revised April 16. 2007 edition. Detroit. Inc.. Washington. Design Values for Wood Construction. 2008.

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