P. 1
Selena Gomez - Unabridged Guide

Selena Gomez - Unabridged Guide

|Views: 148|Likes:
Published by Emereo Publishing
Complete, Unabridged Guide to Selena Gomez. Get the information you need--fast! This comprehensive guide offers a thorough view of key knowledge and detailed insight. It's all you need. Here's part of the content - you would like to know it all? Delve into this book today!..... : Her career has expanded into the music industry; Gomez is the lead singer and founder of the pop band Selena Gomez & the Scene, which has released three RIAA Gold certified studio albums, Kiss & Tell, A Year Without Rain, and When the Sun Goes Down, spawned three RIAA Platinum certified singles, Naturally, Who Says and Love You Like a Love Song and charted four No. ...On March 23, 2011, Hollywood Records announced through a press release that Selena Gomez & The Scene would be embarking on their third concert tour in the United States, the We Own the Night Tour ran during the summer of 2011 and was ranked 18th in Pollstar's Top 20 concert tours. ...The album's lead single, Who Says was certified Platinum by RIAA on June 23, 2011 and has become the band's highest charting song on the Billboard Hot 100 to date, peaking at number 21. ... In January 2012, Gomez announced that she would put her music career on hold in order to focus on her acting career, and that the band would be taking a hiatus: my band and I are going our separate ways for a while. There is absolutely nothing that isn't thoroughly covered in the book. It is straightforward, and does an excellent job of explaining all about Selena Gomez in key topics and material. There is no reason to invest in any other materials to learn about Selena Gomez. You'll understand it all.Inside the Guide: Selena Gomez, Katie Cassidy, Justin Bieber, Jonas Brothers, Hotel Transylvania, Horton Hears a Who! (film), Hollywood Records, Hit the Lights (Selena Gomez & the Scene song), Hayley Westenra, Harmony Korine, Hannah Montana, Grand Prairie, Texas, Getaway (film), Forever the Sickest Kids, Falling Down (Selena Gomez & the Scene song), Drew Seeley, Disney Channel Playlist, Disney Channel Games, Disney Channel, Disney's Friends for Change, Demi Lovato, Cruella de Vil (song), Burnin' Up, Borden Milk Products, Beverly Cleary, Belfast, Beezus Quimby, Arthur and the Revenge of Maltazard, Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds, Another Cinderella Story, Alex Russo, A Year Without Rain Tour, A Year Without Rain (song), A Year Without Rain, A Cinderella Story, 2011 MuchMusic Video Awards, 2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
Complete, Unabridged Guide to Selena Gomez. Get the information you need--fast! This comprehensive guide offers a thorough view of key knowledge and detailed insight. It's all you need. Here's part of the content - you would like to know it all? Delve into this book today!..... : Her career has expanded into the music industry; Gomez is the lead singer and founder of the pop band Selena Gomez & the Scene, which has released three RIAA Gold certified studio albums, Kiss & Tell, A Year Without Rain, and When the Sun Goes Down, spawned three RIAA Platinum certified singles, Naturally, Who Says and Love You Like a Love Song and charted four No. ...On March 23, 2011, Hollywood Records announced through a press release that Selena Gomez & The Scene would be embarking on their third concert tour in the United States, the We Own the Night Tour ran during the summer of 2011 and was ranked 18th in Pollstar's Top 20 concert tours. ...The album's lead single, Who Says was certified Platinum by RIAA on June 23, 2011 and has become the band's highest charting song on the Billboard Hot 100 to date, peaking at number 21. ... In January 2012, Gomez announced that she would put her music career on hold in order to focus on her acting career, and that the band would be taking a hiatus: my band and I are going our separate ways for a while. There is absolutely nothing that isn't thoroughly covered in the book. It is straightforward, and does an excellent job of explaining all about Selena Gomez in key topics and material. There is no reason to invest in any other materials to learn about Selena Gomez. You'll understand it all.Inside the Guide: Selena Gomez, Katie Cassidy, Justin Bieber, Jonas Brothers, Hotel Transylvania, Horton Hears a Who! (film), Hollywood Records, Hit the Lights (Selena Gomez & the Scene song), Hayley Westenra, Harmony Korine, Hannah Montana, Grand Prairie, Texas, Getaway (film), Forever the Sickest Kids, Falling Down (Selena Gomez & the Scene song), Drew Seeley, Disney Channel Playlist, Disney Channel Games, Disney Channel, Disney's Friends for Change, Demi Lovato, Cruella de Vil (song), Burnin' Up, Borden Milk Products, Beverly Cleary, Belfast, Beezus Quimby, Arthur and the Revenge of Maltazard, Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds, Another Cinderella Story, Alex Russo, A Year Without Rain Tour, A Year Without Rain (song), A Year Without Rain, A Cinderella Story, 2011 MuchMusic Video Awards, 2011 MTV Europe Music Awards

More info:

Published by: Emereo Publishing on Dec 24, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781486428960
List Price: $17.98

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
This book can be read on up to 6 mobile devices.
Full version available to members
See more
See less

02/05/2016

133

9781486428960

Sections

  • Selena Gomez
  • 2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
  • 2011 MuchMusic Video Awards
  • 2011 MuchMusic Video Awards
  • A Cinderella Story
  • A Year Without Rain
  • A Year Without Rain
  • A Year Without Rain (song)
  • A Year Without Rain Tour
  • A Year Without Rain Tour
  • Alex Russo
  • Another Cinderella Story
  • Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds
  • Beezus Quimby
  • Behaving Badly (film)
  • Belfast
  • Borden Milk Products
  • Burnin' Up
  • "Burnin' Up"
  • Cruella de Vil (song)
  • Demi Lovato
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed

and shipped.
Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the con-
venience of printed books.
A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia
Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around
the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in
the public domain, and to disseminate it efectively and globally.
Te content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers.
Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by
people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate
or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading
or simply wrong. Te publisher does not guarantee the validity of the infor-
mation found here. If you need specifc advice (for example, medical, legal,
fnancial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or
knowledgeable in that area.
Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the
section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the
GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the
section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”
All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.
Contents
Articles
Selena Gomez 1
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards 15
2011 MuchMusic Video Awards 26
A Cinderella Story 31
A Year Without Rain 34
A Year Without Rain (song) 46
A Year Without Rain Tour 52
Alex Russo 56
Another Cinderella Story 61
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds 67
Beezus Quimby 70
Behaving Badly (film) 72
Belfast 74
Borden Milk Products 102
Burnin' Up 103
Cruella de Vil (song) 105
Demi Lovato 107
References
Article Sources and Contributors 124
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 128
Article Licenses
License 131
Selena Gomez
1
Selena Gomez
Selena Gomez
Selena Gomez at the UNICEF Snowflake Ball 2012 in New York City.
Background information
Birth name Selena Marie Gomez
Born July 22, 1992
Grand Prairie, Texas, U.S.
Genres
Pop, dance, pop rock
[1]
Occupations Actress, singer, fashion designer
Instruments Vocals, drums,piano,guitar
Years active 2002–present
Labels Hollywood
Associated acts Selena Gomez & the Scene
Website
www.selenagomez.com
[2]
Selena Marie Gomez (born July 22, 1992)
[3]
is an American actress and singer. She is known for portraying Alex
Russo, the protagonist in the Emmy Award-winning television series Wizards of Waverly Place. She subsequently
ventured into feature films and has starred in the television movies Another Cinderella Story, Wizards of Waverly
Place: The Movie, and Princess Protection Program. She made her starring theatrical film debut in Ramona and
Beezus.
Her career has expanded into the music industry; Gomez is the lead singer and founder of the pop band Selena
Gomez & the Scene, which has released three RIAA Gold certified studio albums, Kiss & Tell, A Year Without Rain,
and When the Sun Goes Down, spawned three RIAA Platinum certified singles, "Naturally", "Who Says" and "Love
You Like a Love Song" and charted four No. 1 Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs.
[4]
Gomez has also contributed to
the soundtracks of Tinker Bell, Another Cinderella Story, Wizards of Waverly Place, and Shake It Up after signing a
record deal with Hollywood Records.
In 2008, Gomez was designated as a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador.
[5]
Selena Gomez
2
Biography
1992–2008: Early life and career breakthrough
Gomez was born in Grand Prairie, Texas.
[3]
She is the daughter of former stage actress Amanda Dawn "Mandy"
Teefey (née Cornett) and Ricardo Joel Gomez.
[6][7][8]
Her father is of Mexican ancestry; her mother, who was
adopted, is of part Italian descent.
[9][10][11]
Regarding her Hispanic heritage, Gomez has stated: "My family does
have Quinceañeras, and we go to the communion church. We do everything that's Catholic, but we don't really have
anything traditional except [that we] go to the park and have barbecues on Sundays after church."
[12]
Her birth
parents divorced when she was five years old, and she was raised as an only child by her working mother.
[6][13]
In
2006, Mandy remarried, Brian Teefey.
[14]
She was named after Tejano singer Selena, who died almost three years
after Gomez was born.
[15]
In a 2009 interview with People, Gomez mentioned that she developed an early interest in
acting from watching her mother prepare for and act in theater productions.
[13]
She earned a high school diploma
through homeschooling in May 2010.
[16]
Gomez began her acting career at age seven, playing Gianna on Barney &
Friends.
[17]
She later had minor roles in Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over and the TV film Walker, Texas Ranger: Trial By
Fire. Gomez also starred in the television movie Brain Zapped.
Gomez on the studio set of Wizards of Waverly
Place, 2007
In 2004, Gomez was discovered by the Disney Channel in a
USA-wide scouting.
[18]
Gomez appeared as a guest star on The Suite
Life of Zack & Cody and had a guest appearance – that later turned
into a recurring role – on Hannah Montana from seasons two to
three. Gomez previously taped two different pilots that were
spin-offs to two previous Disney series.
[19]
The first one, What's
Stevie Thinking?, was the spin-off to Lizzie McGuire. Gomez played
Stevie Sanchez, Miranda Sanchez's little sister. The other show was
titled Arwin!, the spin-off to The Suite Life of Zack & Cody, in which
she played Alexa. Neither series was picked up.
In early 2007, Gomez was cast in the Disney Channel series Wizards
of Waverly Place as one of the three main characters, Alex Russo.
The show premiered to an audience of 5.9 million, becoming a hit. Many news outlets began dubbing Gomez the
next 'Miley Cyrus' causing some controversy and a reported 'feud'. Gomez clarified that there was no feud and that
she was flattered by the comparison, saying: "It's a little overwhelming, but I think really, it's a compliment. She's
obviously extremely successful, and I think she's a wonderful performer ... So being compared to her, I was very,
very flattered."
[20]
Gomez recorded four songs, one of which was a cover, for the Wizards of Waverly Place
soundtrack, only one single ("Magic") from the album was released. In 2008, Gomez recorded a cover of "Cruella de
Vil"—which included a music video—for the compilation album DisneyMania 6. Gomez also recorded "Fly to Your
Heart" for the 2008 animated film Tinker Bell. In July 2008, before Gomez' sixteenth birthday, she signed a
recording deal with Hollywood Records, a music label owned by Disney.
[21]
In May, of the same year, Gomez was
featured, with Forever the Sickest Kids, on a duet version of the non-album song "Whoa Oh!".
[22]
The same year
Gomez appeared in Another Cinderella Story, the direct-to-DVD sequel to the 2004 Hilary Duff film, opposite Drew
Seeley. She also had a minor voiceover role as one the Mayor's ninety-six daughters in Horton Hears a Who! which
released in March of that year. In April, Lacey Rose, of Forbes ranked Gomez as being fifth on their "Eight Hot Kid
Stars To Watch" list; and Rose described Gomez as having been "a multi-talented teen".
[23]
Selena Gomez
3
2009–11: Theatrical film debut and Selena Gomez & the Scene
In 2009, Gomez formed the teen pop band Selena Gomez & the Scene. Kiss & Tell, the band's debut studio album
was released on September 29, 2009 by Hollywood Records. On March 5, 2010, the album was certified Gold by
RIAA.
[4]
The album's single, "Naturally", was certified Platinum by the RIAA on July 15, 2010.
[4]
In February 2009,
Gomez signed on to star as one of the two female leads in Ramona and Beezus, a film adaption of the children's
novel series by Beverly Cleary.
[24][25]
Gomez stated that she felt no pressure in taking more adult roles: "I think I’m
fully aware of my audience and I’m still just a kid myself. I wouldn’t do a role I don’t feel comfortable doing or that
my audience wouldn’t feel comfortable seeing."
[26]
She also began dating actor Taylor Lautner, whom she met in
Vancouver, while filming Ramona and Beezus and while he was shooting New Moon,
[27]
and the two dated for a
few months. However, the pressure of the media became too much for them and caused the two to break-up.
[28]
In June 2009, Gomez did a guest appearance as herself in one episode of best friend Demi Lovato's Disney Channel
television show, Sonny with a Chance, entitled "Battle of The Network Stars". That same month, Gomez appeared
alongside Lovato in the made-for-television Disney Channel movie, Princess Protection Program.
[29]
The telecast
garnered 8.5 million viewers becoming, at the time, the third most watched Disney Channel Original Movie.
[30]
One
month later, Gomez, along with two cast members of Wizards of Waverly Place appeared in a television three-way
cross-over episode with Hannah Montana and The Suite Life on Deck, entitled Wizards on Deck with Hannah
Montana.
Gomez on location in Paris filming Monte Carlo,
2010
On August 28, 2009, two months after appearing in Princess
Protection Program, Gomez starred in Wizards of Waverly Place: The
Movie, a made-for-television film based on the show.
[31]
The film
premiered to an audience of 11.4 million viewers becoming cable's No.
1 scripted telecast of 2009 and Disney Channel's second most-viewed
film premiere after High School Musical 2.
[32]
In September 2009,
Wizards of Waverly Place won "Outstanding Children's Program" at
the 61st Primetime Emmy Awards.,
[33]
and in 2010, the film adaptation
won the series its second consecutive Emmy for "Outstanding
Children's Program" at the 62nd Primetime Emmy Awards.
[33]
Gomez's first theatrical film Ramona & Beezus premiered on July 23, 2010 and met with generally positive
reviews.
[34]
In March 2010, Variety reported that Gomez was set to star as one of the three lead roles in Monte
Carlo, a film produced by Nicole Kidman, alongside Leighton Meester and Katie Cassidy.
[35]
In the film, Gomez
plays Grace, a girl who’s “mistaken for a socialite while on a trip to Paris.”
[36]
To prepare for the role, Gomez learned
how to play polo and also took two weeks of vocal training to learn two different British accents.
[37][38]
The same
year Gomez confirmed that the fourth season of her hit Disney Channel show, Wizards of Waverly Place, would be
its last.
Selena Gomez
4
Gomez performs at the KISS 108
Jingle Ball in December 2010
On September 17, 2010, Selena Gomez & The Scene released their second studio
album, A Year Without Rain The record debuted on the Billboard 200 at number
4, selling 66,000 copies. On January 19, 2011, the album was certified Gold by
RIAA.
[4]
As of April 2011, the band has sold 1,354,000 albums in the United
States.
[39]
To support the album, the band embarked on the mini-tour A Year
Without Rain Tour. In February 2011, TV Guide reported that Gomez would
make a cameo in the Muppets film.
On March 23, 2011, Hollywood Records announced through a press release that
Selena Gomez & The Scene would be embarking on their third concert tour in
the United States, the We Own the Night Tour ran during the summer of 2011
and was ranked 18th in Pollstar's Top 20 concert tours.
[40][41]
Production for the
final season of Wizards of Waverly Place came to a wrap on May 14, 2011.
[42]
Gomez co-hosted the 2011 MuchMusic Video Awards on June 19.
[43]
She also
hosted the 2011 MTV EMAs on November 6, 2011, in Belfast, Northern Ireland,
where she performed her band's single "Hit the Lights". On June 28, 2011,
Selena Gomez & The Scene released their third studio album, When the Sun Goes Down, previously titled
Otherside.
[44]
The album debuted at number 4 on the Billboard 200, selling 78,000 copies its first week and the
following week, the album rose to number 3 on the Billboard chart, becoming the band's highest charting album to
date.
[45][46]
On November 17, 2011, the album was certified platinum.
[4]
The album's lead single, "Who Says" was
certified Platinum by RIAA on June 23, 2011 and has become the band's highest charting song on the Billboard Hot
100 to date, peaking at number 21.
[4][47]
The second single, "Love You Like a Love Song", was certified Platinum
by RIAA on December 2, 2011, and became the act's first to sell over two-million copies.
[4][48]
2012: Focus on film
In January 2012, Gomez announced that she would put her music career on hold in order to focus on her acting
career, and that the band would be taking a hiatus:
[49]
"my band and I are going our separate ways for a while. This
year is all about films and acting and I want my band to play music wherever with whoever. We will be back but, it
will be a good while."
[50]
That same month, Deadline.com
[51]
reported that Gomez and her production company
July Moon has optioned the Jandy Nelson novel The Sky is Everywhere. Gomez will develop the book as a star
vehicle for the screen.
[52]
As of August 2012, Gomez has been cast in seven upcoming films; in which six of them she has been cast as a lead
role. She will first appear in Hotel Transylvania, an animated film, voicing the character of Mavis, alongside Adam
Sandler and Steve Buscemi. The film will premiere at the 37th annual Toronto International Film Festival and is
scheduled to be released on September 21, 2012.
[53]
Next, Gomez will appear in the Harmony Korine film Spring
Breakers alongside James Franco.
[54]
The film is premiering at the 69th Venice International Film Festival and is
scheduled to be released sometime in spring 2013. Gomez has also been cast as the main role of Hannah Baker in the
film adaptation of young-adult fiction novel, 13 Reasons Why which was written by Jay Asher.
[55]
She will also play
the lead role in a film called Hot Mess, a comedy film directed by Dave Meyers.
[55]
In addition, Gomez filmed a
cameo for Aftershock, an upcoming thriller starring Eli Roth which will premiere at the 37th Annual Toronto
International Film Festival. On April 7, 2012, Gomez posted a video for fans in which she revealed that she would be
filming a new movie called The Getaway in Bulgaria with Ethan Hawke and Jon Voight.
[56]
The film wrapped up in
May and is scheduled to be released on December 1, 2013. Gomez is also being considered for the role of Beth
Michaels in the film adaptation of the Jessica Bendinger novel The Seven Rays
[57]
and was considered for the role of
Carrie in the remake of the 1976 horror film Carrie, although she never auditioned. The role eventually went to
Chloë Grace Moretz.
[58]
Next, Gomez will star in the film adaptation of the Ric Browde novel While I'm Dead...
Feed the Dog opposite Dylan McDermott and Nat Wolff.
[59]
The film, entitled Feed the Dog, will be directed by
Selena Gomez
5
Tim Garrick. Gomez will also reprise her role as Alex Russo in a one-hour special entitled The Wizards Return: Alex
vs. Alex, which began production on October 22, 2012, and finished filming on November 10, 2012. It will air on
Disney Channel in early 2013.
[60][61]
Other ventures
Selena Gomez attending "The 6th
Annual Hollywood Style Awards"
Beverly Hills, 2009
Gomez was part of Sears back-to-school fashion ad campaign.
[62]
As part of the
campaign Gomez was featured in the television commercials. In August 2009,
Gomez also hosted the "Sears Arrive Air Band Casting Call" – to select five
people for the first-ever "Sears Air Band", which performed at the 2009 MTV
Video Music Awards.
[63]
In October 2008, Gomez launched her own production company, July Moon
Productions, and partnered with XYZ Films to create star vehicles for Gomez. As
part of the agreement Gomez will have the opportunity to option articles, hire
writers and create talent packages to shop to studios.
[64][65]
Also, as part of the
deal, "XYZ Films will allow Gomez to star in and produce at least two films.
[66]
Variety reported that: "In August, XYZ [Films] inked a similar deal with Time
Inc. and management-production company the Collective to finance the
development of the print media giant's content for the bigscreen [...] As part of
the July Moon-XYZ deal, [Selena] Gomez will have the ability to cherry-pick
projects from the vast Time Inc. library, which includes Time, Sports Illustrated,
Fortune and Life."
[65]
Gomez is a spokesperson for Borden Milk; she is featured in the campaign's print and television ads.
[67]
She is also a
spokesperson for State Farm Insurance and is featured in their TV commercials, which air on the Disney Channel, to
raise awareness of being a safe driver.
[68]
In October 2009, Gomez announced her plan to launch her own fashion line, called "Dream Out Loud by Selena
Gomez". The clothing line launched in the fall of 2010.
[69][70]
The collection consists of and features bohemian
dresses, floral tops, jeans, skirts, jackets, scarves and hats, all made from recycled or eco-friendly materials.
[71][72]
Gomez said that the line will reflect her own personal style and described the clothing as being "pretty, feminine, and
bohemian," and: "With my line, I really want to give the customer options on how they can put their own looks
together [...] I want the pieces that can be easy to dress up or down, and the fabrics being eco-friendly and organic is
super important [...] Also, the tags will all have some of my inspirational quotes on them. I'm just looking to send a
good message."
[69][72]
Gomez, who has no background in fashion, teamed up with designers Tony Melillo and
Sandra Campos, both who have worked with big-name fashion houses.
[70]
Gomez said of the partnering: "When I
met Tony and Sandra, I was instantly comfortable with them and now they are just like family to me ... They are so
creative and I love how I can just call them up whenever and talk to them about everything, even if it's just about
changing a button ... They've been so cool about everything."
[69][70][71][72]
The brand will be manufactured by,
Melillo and Campos teamed with New York-based Adjmi Apparel and formed by Adjmi CH Brands LLC; which is
the holding company for the brand.
[73]
It was announced on July 14, 2011, that Gomez had signed a license agreement with Adrenalina, an extreme sports
and adventure-themed lifestyle brand, to develop, manufacture, and distribute the actress' fragrance. It is expected to
debut in May 2012. Chairman and C.E.O. of Adrenalina, Ilia Lekach, said, "We are incredibly enthused to be
working with Ms. Gomez and will reveal more details pertaining to the fragrance as we get closer to the launch
date."
[74]
It was announced on July 30, 2012, that Gomez would partner with Case-Mate as part of its upcoming "Right Case,
Right Occasion" marketing campaign.
[75]
She will be teaming up with Fergie and Common to create fashionable
Selena Gomez
6
custom phone cases for a good cause.
Philanthropy
Gomez was involved in the UR Votes Count campaign which encouraged teenagers to learn more about 2008
presidential candidates Barack Obama and John McCain.
[76]
In October 2008, Gomez participated in St. Jude's
Children's Hospital "Runway For Life" benefit.
[77]
She is the ambassador of DoSomething.org after being involved
with the charity Island Dog, which help dogs in Puerto Rico.
[78]
She got involved while filming Wizards of Waverly
Place: The Movie in Puerto Rico.
[79]
Gomez is also involved with the charity RAISE Hope For Congo, an initiative
of the Enough Project, which helps raise awareness about conflict minerals and violence against Congolese
women.
[80]
Gomez is involved in Disney's Friends for Change, an organization which promotes
"environmently-friendly behavior", and appears in its public service announcements.
[81]
Gomez, Demi Lovato,
Miley Cyrus, and the Jonas Brothers recorded "Send It On", a charity single with all of its proceeds to the Disney
Worldwide Conservation Fund.
[82][83]
It debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 20.
[82]
Also in 2009, Gomez
made a surprise visit to a Los Angeles elementary school as part of the "A Day Made Better" program that was
sponsored by OfficeMax. During her visit, Gomez gave the school an award and $1,000 worth of school supplies,
and talked to students about the importance of giving back to the community.
[66][84]
On January 22, 2010, Gomez
participated in the Hope for Haiti Now Telethon with a number of other celebrities.
[85]
In April 2012, Gomez was
named ambassador to the Ryan Seacrest Foundation
[86]
.
[87]
Work With UNICEF
In October 2008, Gomez was named UNICEF's spokesperson for the Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF campaign, which
encouraged children to raise money on Halloween to help children around the world.
[5]
She said that she was
"extremely excited" to "encourage other kids to make a difference in the world."
[5]
In August 2009, a 17-year-old Gomez became the youngest UNICEF ambassador ever, passing fellow songstress
Hayley Westenra, who was 18 when she was chosen. In her first official field mission, Gomez traveled to Ghana on
September 4, 2009 for a week to witness first-hand the stark conditions of vulnerable children that lack vital
necessities including clean water, nourishment, education and healthcare.
[88][89]
Gomez explained during an
interview with Associated Press that she wanted to use her star power to bring awareness to Ghana: “That’s why I
feel very honored to have a voice that kids listen to and take into consideration [...] I had people on my tour asking
me where IS Ghana, and they Googled it [...] and because I went there, they now know where Ghana is. So it’s pretty
incredible.”
[89][90]
Gomez said of her role as ambassador that: "Every day 25,000 children die from preventable
causes. I stand with UNICEF in the belief that we can change that number from 25,000 to zero. I know we can
achieve this because every moment, UNICEF is on the ground providing children with the lifesaving assistance
needed to ensure zero becomes a reality."
[88]
Gomez was named spokesperson for UNICEF's 2009 Trick-or-Treat campaign, for the second year in a row.
[91]
Gomez, who raised over $700,000 for the charity in 2008, stated that she hopes to be able to raise 1 million dollars in
2009.
[89]
Gomez participated in a celebrity auction
[92]
and hosted a live web cast series on Facebook in support of
the Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF campaign.
[93]
Gomez returned as the UNICEF spokesperson for the 60th anniversary
of Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF campaign in 2010.
[94]
In celebration of the 60th anniversary, Gomez and her band,
The Scene, held a benefit concert donating all proceeds to the campaign.
[95]
In February 2011, Gomez traveled to Chile to witness and meet with the families of UNICEF's supported program,
"Programa Puente" which helps families better understand and develops skills to deal effectively with early
childhood education, development and other issues related to raising children. From her field trip experience, Gomez
said "UNICEF is helping Chilean families get out of poverty, prevent violence within the home and promote
education. To witness first hand these families' struggles, and also their hope and perseverance, was truly
inspiring."
[96]
In March 2011, Gomez participated in the UNICEF Tap Project's "Celebrity Tap Pack,"
Selena Gomez
7
limited-edition, custom-made water bottles featuring tap water from the homes of each celebrity advocate, in order to
raise funds and increase profile for the clean water and sanitation programs.
[97]
She is also featured in videos
promoting the campaign.
[98][99]
Personal life
On February 27, 2011, Gomez attended the 2011 Vanity Fair Oscar party with Canadian singer Justin Bieber,
[100]
confirming several months of media speculation about a romantic relationship between the pair.
[101]
The relationship
was Gomez's most high-profile and the two became a teen power couple.
[102][103]
On November 11, 2012, it was
widely reported that the couple had ended their relationship after nearly two years, due to apparent busy schedules
and "trust issues."
[104][105]
However, it was reported twelve days later that the couple had gotten back together after
Bieber begged Gomez for forgiveness.
[106]
Gomez is the owner of six rescue dogs and describes herself as a "huge animal-lover".
[107]
Her net worth is estimated between $4 million
[108]
and 5.5 million.
[109]
Filmography
Film roles
Year Title Role Notes
2003 Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over Waterpark Girl
2005 Walker, Texas Ranger: Trial by Fire Julie
2008 Another Cinderella Story Mary Santiago
2008 Horton Hears a Who! Helga (voice)
2009 Princess Protection Program Carter Mason
2009 Wizards of Waverly Place: The Movie Alex Russo
2009 Arthur and the Revenge of Maltazard Princess Selenia
2010 Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds Princess Selenia
2010 Ramona and Beezus Beezus Quimby
2011 Monte Carlo Grace Bennett / Cordelia Winthrop Scott
2011 The Muppets Herself Cameo
2012 Funny or Die Woman Short
2012 Hotel Transylvania Mavis (voice)
2013 Spring Breakers Faith
2013 Aftershock Shelby Cameo
2013 Behaving Badly Nina Pennington Post-production
2013 Getaway The Kid Post-production
Selena Gomez
8
Television appearances
Year Title Role Notes
2002 Barney & Friends Gianna 14 episodes
2006 Brain Zapped Emily Grace Garcia
Unsold pilot
[110]
2006 The Suite Life of Zack & Cody Gwen Episode: "A Midsummer's Nightmare"
2007 Arwin! Alexa Pilot movie (not picked up)
2007 What's Stevie Thinking? Stefanie "Stevie" Sanchez Pilot movie (not picked up)
2007 Hannah Montana Mikayla 3 episodes
2007–12 Wizards of Waverly Place Alex Russo 106 episodes
2008 Jonas Brothers: Living the Dream Herself 1 episode: "Hello Hollywood"
2008 Studio DC: Almost Live Herself 2-part special
2008 Disney Channel Games Herself Mini-series
2009 The Suite Life on Deck Alex Russo 1 episode: "Double-Crossed"
2009 Sonny with a Chance Herself 1 episode: "Battle of the Networks' Stars"
2011 So Random! Herself / musical guest 1 episode: "Selena Gomez & the Scene"
2011 PrankStars Herself 1 episode: "Something to Chew On"
2013 The Wizards Return: Alex vs. Alex Alex Russo TV special
Discography
Soundtrack albums
List of albums, with selected chart positions
Title Album details Peak chart positions
US
[111]
US
OST
[111]
US
Kids
[111]
NOR
[112]
Another Cinderella Story •• Released: August 26, 2008
• Formats: CD, digital download
• Label: Walt Disney Records
116 8 — —
Wizards of Waverly Place •• Released: August 4, 2009
• Formats: CD, digital download
• Label: Walt Disney Records
24 4 2 27
"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.
Selena Gomez
9
Singles
List of singles, with selected chart positions
Title Year Peak chart positions Album
US
[113]
CAN
[113]
NOR
[114]
"Tell Me Something I Don't Know" 2008 58 — — Another Cinderella Story
"Magic" 2009 61 86 5 Wizards of Waverly Place
"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.
List of featured singles, with selected chart positions
Title Year Peak chart positions Album
US
[113]
"Whoa Oh!"
(Forever The Sickest Kids featuring Selena Gomez)
2009 — non-album song
"Send It On"
(among Disney's Friends for Change)
20 non-album song
"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.
List of promotional singles, with selected chart positions
Title Year Peak chart positions Album
US
[113]
"One and the
Same"
(with Demi Lovato)
2009 82 Disney Channel Playlist
"Shake It Up" 2011 — Shake It Up: Break It Down
"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to
chart.
Music videos
Selena Gomez
10
Song Year Notes
"Burnin' Up" 2008 As Nick Jonas' love interest
"Cruella De Vil" 2008 O.S.T '101 Dalmatians'
"Fly to Your Heart" 2008
"New Classic" 2008 As Drew Seeley's love interest
"Tell Me Something I Don't Know" 2009
"One and the Same" 2009
"Send It On" 2009
References
[1] "Selena Gomez | AllMusic" (http:/ / allmusic. com/ artist/ selena-gomez-p1063097). . Retrieved April 6, 2012.
[2] http:// www.selenagomez. com
[3] "Celebrity Central – Selena Gomez: Snapshot" (http:/ / www. people.com/ people/ selena_gomez). People Magazine. . Retrieved January 30,
2009. "Birth Date July 22, 1992 Birth Place Grand Prairie, Texas"
[4] "Riaa – Gold & Platinum" (http:/ / www. riaa.com/ goldandplatinumdata. php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS& action=&
title=& artist=selena gomez & format=&debutLP=&category=& sex=& releaseDate=&requestNo=&type=& level=&label=& company=&
certificationDate=& awardDescription=& catalogNo=&aSex=& rec_id=&charField=&gold=& platinum=& multiPlat=&level2=&
certDate=&album=& id=&after=on&before=on&startMonth=1& endMonth=8& startYear=2009&endYear=2011&sort=Artist&
perPage=25). Riaa.com. . Retrieved July 7, 2011.
[5] "Selena Gomez Trick-Or-Treats For UNICEF" (http:// www. looktothestars.org/news/ 1350-selena-gomez-trick-or-treats-for-unicef).
Looktothestars.org. October 9, 2008. . Retrieved August 6, 2009.
[6] Chuck Barney (2008-02-07). Selena Gomez could be next Disney 'it' girl (http:// findarticles. com/ p/ articles/ mi_ĺqn4176/ is_20080207/
ai_n21415751). Oakland Tribune. Retrieved August 1, 2008.
[7] Lauren Waterman (2009-05). Selena Gomez: spell bound (http:/ / www. teenvogue.com/industry/ coverlook/2009/ 05/
teen-vogue-cover-girl-selena-gomez_090511) Teen Vogue. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
[8] Ancestry.com. Texas Birth Index, 1903–1997 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Original data: Texas
Birth Index, 1903–1997. Texas: Texas Department of State Health Services. Microfiche.
[9] "Selena Gomez and Jake T. Austin on being latin" (http:/ /www. showbizcafe.com/ en/ interviews/ exclusive-selena-gomez-on-being-latin/
1247). Showbizcafe.com. . Retrieved July 4, 2011.
[10] Lee Hernández (2008-03-22). Teen star Selena Gómez looks beyond Disney (http:/ / www. nydailynews.com/ latino/ 2008/ 03/ 22/
2008-03-22_teen_star_selena_gmez_looks_beyond_disne. html). NY Daily News. Retrieved August 1, 2008.
[11] Curiel, Kamren (June 14, 2012). "Selena Gomez Charity Events: Alliance for Childrens Rights" (http:// www. latina. com/ entertainment/
buzz/selena-gomez-mom-foster-care-fundraiser-charity). Latina. .
[12] "Star Spotlight: Selena Gomez" (http:// www2. scholastic. com/ browse/ article.jsp?id=3750390). Scholastic. September 26, 2008. .
Retrieved June 20, 2010.
[13] "All About Selena Gomez" (http:/ / www. people. com/ people/ archive/article/ 0,,20287091,00.html). People.com. August 22, 2009. .
Retrieved November 5, 2009.
[14] Michelle Tan (2008-05). "Is Selena Gomez... the Next Miley Cyrus?" (http:// www. people.com/ people/ archive/article/0,,20203953,00.
html). People.com. . Retrieved November 5, 2009.
[15] "Selena Gomez's Famous Name" (http:/ / www. eonline.com/ videos/ v31013_Selena_Gomez__Famous_Name. html). E!Online.com.
August 22, 2008. . Retrieved November 5, 2009.
[16] Selena Gomez Graduates High School – On Screen & Off | Access Hollywood – Celebrity News, Photos & Videos (http:/ / www.
accesshollywood. com/ selena-gomez-graduates-high-school-on-screen-and-off_article_32234). Access Hollywood (2010-05-12). Retrieved
November 17, 2010.
[17] Selena Gomez. "Selena Gomez Biography" (http:/ / www. people.com/ people/ selena_gomez/ biography). People.com. . Retrieved August
6, 2009.
[18] "Disney Star Selena Gomez and General Growth Properties Give Teens a Voice in the 2008 Presidential Campaign" (http:/ / www.
smartbrief. com/ news/ aaaa/ industryBW-detail. jsp?id=488E0DB0-5D3F-4DDB-A818-D7FFF639F61F). SmartBrief.com. August 4, 2008. .
Retrieved November 2, 2008.
[19] "Film" (http:// selenagomez. com/ film). Selenagomez.com. 2010. . Retrieved March 20, 2011.
[20] Marc Malkin (March 23, 2011). "Selena Gomez: No Feuding With Miley Cyrus" (http:/ / www. eonline.com/ uberblog/ marc_malkin/
b2044_selena_gomez_no_feuding_with_miley_cyrus. html). Eonline.com. . Retrieved June 17, 2008.
Selena Gomez
11
[21] Marc Malkin (2008-07-22). Selena Gomez's Supersweet 16 (http:// www.eonline. com/ uberblog/b3322_selena_gomezs_supersweet_16.
html). E! Online. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
[22] "Forever the Sickest Kids at Absolute Punk" (http:// www. absolutepunk.net/ showthread.php?t=305685). Absolute Punk. . Retrieved
October 27, 2009.
[23] Rose, Lacey (May 22, 2002). "In Pictures: Eight Hot Kid Stars To Watch" (http:/ / www.forbes. com/ 2008/ 04/ 09/
entertainment-disney-lovato-biz-media-cx_lr_0409kidstars_slide_4. html?thisSpeed=15000). Forbes.com. . Retrieved August 6, 2009.
[24] Vena, Jocelyn (February 6, 2009). "Selena Gomez To Star In 'Ramona and Beezus' Movie" (http:// www. mtv. com/ movies/ news/ articles/
1604489/ story. jhtml). MTV. . Retrieved October 21, 2009.
[25] Kilday, Gregg (February 5, 2009). "Young actresses cast for 'Beezus and Ramona'" (http:// www. reuters.com/ article/filmNews/
idUSTRE51515A20090206). Reuters. . Retrieved October 21, 2009.
[26] Lylah M. Alphonse (February 23, 2011). "The stars of "Ramona and Beezus" on family, fun, and facing down fear" (http:// www. boston.
com/ community/ moms/ blogs/ in_the_parenthood/2010/ 07/ the_stars_of_ramona_and_beezus_on_family.html). Boston Globe. . Retrieved
July 16, 2010.
[27] "New Couple Alert: Taylor Lautner & Selena Gomez! – Couples, Selena Gomez, Taylor Lautner" (http:// www. people.com/ people/
article/0,,20275004,00. html). People.com. April 28, 2009. .
[28] "Taylor Lautner and Selena Gomez break up: New Moon romance over | NowPublic News Coverage" (http:// www. nowpublic.com/
culture/ taylor-lautner-and-selena-gomez-break-new-moon-romance-over). Nowpublic.com. .
[29] "The Princess Diary" (http:// www. people. com/ people/ archive/ article/0,,20287116,00.html). People.com. July 22, 2009. . Retrieved
November 4, 2009.
[30] "Princess Protection Program is TV's No. 1 Entertainment Telecast of 2009 in Kids 6–11 and Tweens 9–14" (http:// tvbythenumbers.
zap2it.com/ 2009/ 06/ 27/ princess-protection-program-is-tv s-no-1-entertainment-telecast-of-2009-in-kids-6-11-and-tweens-9-14/21543).
TV by the Numbers. May 1, 2011. . Retrieved June 27, 2009.
[31] "Wizards of Waverly Place Movie" (http:// www. disneychannelmedianet.com/ DNR/ 2009/ doc/WOWP_MoviePremiere.doc). Disney
Channel. . Retrieved July 12, 2009.
[32] Top 100 Most-Watched Telecasts On Basic Cable For 2009 (http:// tvbythenumbers.com/ 2009/ 12/ 29/
espn-domination-top-100-most-watched-telecasts-on-basic-cable-for-2009/ 37284). Tvbythenumbers.com. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
[33] "Primetime Emmy Nominees & Winners" (http:// www. emmys. com/ nominations?tid=123). http:// www. emmys. com.& #32;July 8,
2010. . Retrieved July 8, 2010.
[34] "Ramona and Beezus (2010)" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ ramona_and_beezus/ ). Rottentomatoes.com/. . Retrieved August 2,
2010.
[35] Pamela McClintock (March 3, 2010). "Fox, New Regency head to 'Monte Carlo'" (http:/ / www. variety.com/ article/ VR1118016027.
html?categoryId=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved March 11, 2010.
[36] Rebecca Murray (April 22, 2011). "'Monte Carlo' First Photo" (http:// movies. about.com/ od/ montecarlo/ ss/ monte-carlo-photo.htm).
Movie.about.com. . Retrieved 2010.
[37] cmania (April 22, 2011). "Selena Gomez Practices to Play Polo in Budapest for 'Monte Carlo' Role" (http:// www. zimbio.com/ Celebrity+
Portal/articles/ _7CI8Bk-WSX/ Selena+ Gomez+ Practices+Play+ Polo+ Budapest). Zimbio. . Retrieved May 7, 2010.
[38] Jayme Deerwester (April 22, 2011). "First look: Selena Gomez stretches out in 'Monte Carlo'" (http:/ / www. usatoday. com/ life/movies/
news/ 2011-03-22-montecarlofl22_ST_N.htm). USA Today. . Retrieved May 7, 2010.
[39] "Billboard- :" (http:// www. billboard. com/ artist/ ak-sent/ 652083#/ column/ chartbeat/
ask-billboard-from-s-m-to-disney-acts-1005137762.story?page=3). Billboard. . Retrieved April 15, 2011.
[40] The Associated Press (November 10, 2011). "Top 20 Concert Tours from Pollstar" (http:// www. huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/
20111110/us-top-20-concert-tours/). Huffingtonpost.com. .
[41] "Selena Gomez announces tour dates" (http:// www. upi.com/ Entertainment_News/ Music/ 2011/ 03/ 23/
Selena-Gomez-announces-tour-dates/UPI-31111300912037/). United Press International. March 23, 2011. . Retrieved March 30, 2011.
[42] ANDREA BAILLIE (May 20, 2011). "Gomez 'cries a lot' as 'Wizards' wraps up" (http:// www. metronews.ca/ calgary/scene/ article/
861614--gomez-cries-a-lot-as-wizards-wraps-up--page1). Metronews.ca. . Retrieved May 16, 2011.
[43] Allison (May 24, 2011). "Selena Gomez to co-host and perform at the 2011 MMVAs!" (http:/ / mmva.muchmusic. com/
selena-gomez-to-co-host-and-perform-at-the-2011-mmvas/). MMVA.MuchMusic.com. . Retrieved May 3, 2011.
[44] Cheung, Nadine (May 18, 2011). "Selena Gomez Talks About 'Who Says' and Her Upcoming Tour (Video)" (http:// www. jsyk. com/ 2011/
05/18/ selena-gomez-interview/). Just So You Know. Aol, Inc.. . Retrieved May 19, 2011.
[45] Keith Caulfield (July 14, 2011). "Beyonce Notches 4th Billboard 200 No. 1 with '4'" (http:/ / www. billboard.com/ #/ news/
beyonce-notches-4th-billboard-200-no-1-with-1005264652. story). Billboard. Billboard.com. . Retrieved July 6, 2011.
[46] Keith Caulfield (July 14, 2011). "Beyonce's '4' Stays Atop Billboard 200, Lloyd Snags Top Debut" (http:// www.billboard.com/ #/ news/
beyonce-s-4-stays-atop-billboard-200-lloyd-1005272752. story). Billboard. Billboard.com. . Retrieved July 13, 2011.
[47] Grein, Paul. "Bad Teenage Dream" (http:// new. music.yahoo.com/ blogs/ chart_watch/74378/
week-ending-june-22-2011-bad-teenage-dreams/). Yahoo Music. Yahoo! Inc.. . Retrieved June 22, 2011.
[48] Paul Grien (April 11, 2012). "Week Ending April 8, 2012. Songs: Newcomers Beat Superstars" (http:// music. yahoo.com/ blogs/
chart-watch/week-ending-april-8-2012-songs-newcomers-beat-003435390.html). Yahoo!. .
Selena Gomez
12
[49] Johnson, Zach (February 13, 2012). "Selena Gomez takes 'a break' from music" (http:// www. webcitation. org/6AF0rgzac). US Magazine.
Archived from the original (http:// www.usmagazine. com/ entertainment/news/
selena-gomez-and-the-scene-going-our-separate-ways-2012132) on August 27, 2012. . Retrieved August 27, 2012.
[50] Kirby, Iona (February 12, 2012). "'I can't believe it's actually over': 'Bawling' Selena Gomez announces split from her band The Scene"
(http:// www.dailymail. co. uk/ tvshowbiz/ article-2100019/Bawling-Selena-Gomez-announces-split-band-The-Scene.html). Daily Mail
(London). . Retrieved February 12, 2012.
[51] http:// www. deadline. com/ hollywood/
[52] Fleming, Mike. "Selena Gomez Options 'Sky Is Everywhere' For Feature" (http:// www. deadline.com/ 2012/ 01/
selena-gomez-options-sky-is-everywhere-for-feature/). Deadline.com. .
[53] Finke, Nikki. "Changing Release Dates: Sony Pics Sked" (http:// www. deadline.com/ 2010/ 06/ musical-release-dates-sony-pics-sked/ ).
Deadline.com. . Retrieved May 24, 2012.
[54] Tatangelo, Wade (March 2, 2012). "Justin Bieber babe Selena Gomez shooting movie next week in Sarasota | Entertainment | Bradenton
Herald" (http:// www. bradenton. com/ 2012/ 03/ 02/ 3912732/ teen-queen-and-current-justin.html). Bradenton.com. . Retrieved May 24,
2012.
[55] Schwartz, Terri (February 9, 2011). "Selena Gomez To Star In '13 Reasons Why' – Music, Celebrity, Artist News" (http:// www. mtv.com/
news/ articles/ 1657538/ selena-gomez-13-reasons-why.jhtml). MTV.com. . Retrieved May 24, 2012.
[56] 46 days ago by William Earl. "[VIDEO] Selena Gomez Reveals Her Sexy New Action Movie Role" (http:/ / www. hollywoodlife.com/
2012/ 04/ 08/ selena-gomez-new-movie-role-the-getaway-video/). Hollywoodlife.com. . Retrieved May 24, 2012.
[57] Talbot, Lindsay (November 24, 2009). "Will New Book The Seven Rays Be the Next Twilight?: Teen Vogue Daily" (http:/ / www.
teenvogue. com/ industry/ blogs/ entertainment/ 2009/ 11/ will-new-book-the-seven-rays-be-the-next-twilight.html). TeenVogue.com. .
[58] "Stephen King's Carrie: Chloe Moretz VS Selena Gomez [PHOTOS] – Entertainment & Stars" (http:/ / au. ibtimes. com/ articles/ 320517/
20120328/carrie-chloe-moretz-selena-gomez-stephen-king.htm). Au.ibtimes.com. March 28, 2012. .
[59] Siegel, Tatiana (July 31, 2012). "Selena Gomez to Star in 'Parental Guidance Suggested' (Exclusive)" (http:// www. hollywoodreporter.
com/ news/ selena-gomez-parental-guidance-suggested-356487). The Hollywood Reporter. .
[60] Jade Watkins. "Selena Gomez cuddles up to Gregg Sulkin as pair film reunion movie | Mail Online" (http:/ / www. dailymail. co. uk/
tvshowbiz/article-2226444/What-Justin-say-Selena-Gomez-cuddles-hunky-Wizard-Waverly-Place-star-pair-film-reunion-movie.
html?ito=feeds-newsxml). Dailymail.co.uk. .
[61] "Timeline Photos" (https:/ / www. facebook. com/ photo. php?pid=11107349&l=1bfd898aad& id=7961985974). Facebook. .
[62] "Sears Arrive Lounge – The Hottest Guys & Girls Fashion with Selena Gomez" (http:/ / www. arrivelounge.com/ ). ArriveLounge. .
Retrieved October 20, 2009.
[63] Bee-Syuan Chang (July 31, 2009). "Selena Gomez and Sears Team Up For Back To School Style" (http:// www. stylelist. com/ blog/ 2009/
07/ 31/ selena-gomez-and-sears-team-up-for-back-to-school-style/). Stylist.com. . Retrieved October 21, 2009.
[64] Joyce Eng (October 30, 2008). "Wizards' Selena Gomez Conjures Own Production Company" (http:/ / www. tvguide.com/ News/
Selena-Gomez-Forms-35034.aspx). TVGuide.com. . Retrieved October 21, 2009.
[65] Tatianna Siegel (October 29, 2008). "Selena Gomez forms production co" (http:// www. variety.com/ article/ VR1117994893.
html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved October 21, 2009.
[66] "Selena Gomez to Star in 'What Boys Want'" (http:// www. parade.com/ celebrity/hollywood-wire/2009/ 10/ 20/
selena-gomez-to-star-in-what-boys-want.html). Parade. October 20, 2009. . Retrieved October 21, 2009.
[67] "Selena Gomez Borden Milk Ad" (http:// www. sugarslam. com/ selena-gomez-borden-milk-ad/). Sugarslam.com. May 26, 2009. .
Retrieved August 6, 2009.
[68] Oh, Eunice (February 3, 2009). "FIRST LOOK: Selena Gomez's Cell-Free Safety Pitch – Good Deeds, Selena Gomez" (http:/ /www.
people.com/ people/ article/0,,20256299,00. html). People.com. . Retrieved August 6, 2009.
[69] Lauren Joskowitz (October 15, 2009). "Selena Gomez Introduces 'Dream Out Loud,' Her Own Line Of Eco-Friendly, Bohemian Clothes"
(http:// hollywoodcrush. mtv. com/ 2009/ 10/ 15/ selena-gomez-introduces-dream-out-loud-her-own-line-of-eco-friendly-bohemian-clothes/).
MYV.com. . Retrieved October 22, 2009.
[70] Ella Ngo (October 15, 2009). "Seelna Gomez Gets Her Own Fashion Line" (http:// www. eonline. com/ uberblog/
b149093_selena_gomez_gets_her_own_fashion_line.html). E!Online.com. . Retrieved October 22, 2009.
[71] "Selena Gomez to Launch Clothing Line" (http:// www. transworldnews. com/ NewsStory. aspx?id=130338& cat=2).
TransWorldNews.com. October 15, 2009. . Retrieved October 22, 2009.
[72] April MacIntyre (October 15, 2009). "Selena Gomez launches fashion line in fall 2010" (http:/ / www. monstersandcritics. com/ lifestyle/
fashion/news/ article_1507339. php/ Selena-Gomez-launches-fashion-line-in-fall-2010). MonsterandCritics.com. . Retrieved October 22,
2009.
[73] Julee Kaplan (October 15, 2009). "Disney Star Selena Gomez Launching Fashion Brand" (http:// www. wwd. com/ markets-news/
as-a-designer-selena-gomez-has-big-dreams-2343323). WWD.com. . Retrieved October 25, 2009.
[74] "Adrenalina Inc. Signs Exclusive Global Fragrance Agreement with Selena Gomez" (http:// www. marketwatch.com/ story/
adrenalina-inc-signs-exclusive-global-fragrance-agreement-with-selena-gomez-2011-07-14?reflink=MW_news_stmp). http:// www.
marketwatch.com/ . July 18, 2011. . Retrieved July 14, 2011.
[75] "Selena Gomez Partners With Case-Mate – ARTISTdirect News" (http:// www.artistdirect. com/ entertainment-news/article/
selena-gomez-partners-with-case-mate/ 10202473). Artistdirect.com. .
Selena Gomez
13
[76] Dagostino, Mark (October 27, 2008). "Selena Gomez: 'I'll be 30 Before I Get My License!'" (http:// www.people.com/ people/ article/
0,,20235767,00.html). People.com. . Retrieved August 6, 2009.
[77] "Stars Hit The Catwalk For St. Judes" (http:// www. looktothestars.org/news/ 1382-stars-hit-the-catwalk-for-st-judes). Looktothestars.org.
October 14, 2008. . Retrieved August 6, 2009.
[78] "Selena Gomez Cares For Dogs In Puerto Rico" (http:/ / popdirt.com/selena-gomez-cares-for-dogs-in-puerto-rico/72217/ ). popdirt.com.
March 8, 2009. . Retrieved August 6, 2009.
[79] NBC Official Site (2009-06). "Late Night with Jimmy Fallon – Video Blogs – Tonight's Guest: Selena Gomez – Jimmy Fallon's Video
Blog" (http:// www. latenightwithjimmyfallon.com/blogs/ 2009/ 06/ tonights-guest-selena-gomez/ ). LateNightWithJimmyFallon. . Retrieved
August 5, 2009.
[80] "Celebrities Raise Hope For Congo" (http:// www. looktothestars. org/ news/ 2789-celebrities-raise-hope-for-congo). Looktothestars.org.
July 10, 2009. . Retrieved August 6, 2009.
[81] "Friends For Change: Disney Groups" (http:/ / disney. go. com/ disneygroups/ friendsforchange/#/ disneygroups/ friendsforchange/).
Disney.go.com. . Retrieved October 21, 2009.
[82] ""Send it on", an anthem by the world's biggest teen stars" (http:/ / www.disneychannelmedianet. com/ DNR/ 2009/ doc/
Send_It_On_Disneys_Friends_for_Change _081909. doc) (DOC) (Press release). Disney Channel. August 6, 2009. . Retrieved August 20,
2009.
[83] "Send It On (feat. Demi Lovato, Jonas Brothers, Miley Cyrus & Selena Gomez) – Single" (http:// itunes. apple. com/ WebObjects/
MZStore.woa/ wa/ viewAlbum?id=325770503& s=143441). iTunes Store. Apple Inc.. August 11, 2009. . Retrieved August 20, 2009.
[84] FOX 411 Editor (October 7, 2009). "Selena Gomez Helps Give Back To Her Community" (http:// entertainment.blogs. foxnews.com/
2009/10/ 07/ selena-gomez-helps-gives-back-to-her-community/). FoxNews.com. . Retrieved October 25, 2009.
[85] "Selena Gomez Helps In Hope For Haiti Telethon" (http:/ / www. disneydreaming.com/ 2010/ 01/ 20/
selena-gomez-helps-in-hope-for-haiti-telethon/ ). Disney Dreaming. January 20, 2010. .
[86] http:// ryanseacrestfoundation.org/
[87] Ed Cunicelli (April 20, 2012). "Selena Gomez Named Ambassador To The Ryan Seacrest Foundation [VIDEOS] | Ryan Seacrest – The
official entertainment news site of American Idol host and American Top 40 on" (http:/ / ryanseacrest. com/ 2012/ 04/ 20/
selena-gomez-ryan-seacrest-foundation/). Ryan Seacrest. .
[88] "Teen Sensation Selena Gomez Appointed UNICEF Ambassador" (http:// www. reuters.com/ article/ pressRelease/ idUS178135+
03-Sep-2009+ PRN20090903). Reuters. September 3, 2009. . Retrieved October 22, 2009.
[89] "Selena Gomez: Trip to Africa was 'life-changing'" (http:// web. archive.org/web/ 20091008052617/ http:/ / www. google.com/
hostednews/ ap/ article/ALeqM5gXQVPHT2lU525QpACXyin-pm1sjAD9B37HM81). GoogleNews.com. Associated Press. October 2, 2009.
Archived from the original (http:/ / www.google. com/ hostednews/ ap/ article/ ALeqM5gXQVPHT2lU525QpACXyin-pm1sjAD9B37HM81)
on October 8, 2009. . Retrieved November 1, 2012.
[90] "Selena Gomez: Trip to Africa Was 'Life-Changing'" (http:// www. youtube. com/ watch?v=dFwJxxPzSpg& feature=player_embedded).
Associated Press. Youtube. October 2, 2009. . Retrieved October 25, 2009.
[91] "Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF Spokesperson Selena Gomez :: Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF:: Youth Action :: U.S. Fund for UNICEF –
UNICEF USA" (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20100128020348/ http:/ / youth.unicefusa.org/trickortreat/selena-gomez.html).
Youth.UnicefUsa.org. 2009. Archived from the original (http:// youth.unicefusa.org/ trickortreat/selena-gomez.html) on January 28, 2010. .
Retrieved November 1, 2012.
[92] "Meet Selena Gomez at the Concert of Your Choice" (http:/ / www. charitybuzz.com/ catalog_items/ 100611). CharityBuzz.com. .
Retrieved October 21, 2009.
[93] UNICEF (October 8, 2009). "UNICEF Ambassador Selena Gomez named spokesperson for Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF campaign" (http:/ /
www.stamfordplus.com/ stm/ information/nws1/ publish/ News_1/
UNICEF-Ambassador-Selena-Gomez-named-spokesperson-for-Trick-or-Treat-for-UNICEF-campaign6260. shtml). StamFordPlus.com. .
Retrieved October 26, 2009.
[94] "Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF celebrates 60 years of America's youth making a difference throughout the world" (http:// www. unicefusa.
org/ news/ releases/ trick-or-treat-for-unicef-long-lead-release.html). May 26, 2009. . Retrieved May 30, 2010.
[95] "Selena Gomez & The Scene Announce a Charity Concert in Celebration of the 60th Anniversary of Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF" (http://
www.prnewswire.com/ news-releases/
selena-gomez--the-scene-announce-a-charity-concert-in-celebration-of-the-60th-anniversary-of-trick-or-treat-for-unicef-104432868. html).
October 6, 2011. . Retrieved August 21, 2011.
[96] "UNICEF Ambassador Selena Gomez visits Chile" (http:/ / www. unicefusa.org/news/ releases/ unicef-ambassador-selena-gomez-chile.
html). February 2, 2011. . Retrieved August 21, 2011.
[97] "Celebrities Team Up with UNICEF Tap Project to Provide Safe, Clean Drinking Water to Children around the World" (http:/ /www.
prnewswire.com/ news-releases/
celebrities-team-up-with-unicef-tap-project-to-provide-safe-clean-drinking-water-to-children-around-the-world-117899059.html). March 13,
2011. . Retrieved August 21, 2011.
[98] "LOL: Selena Gomez is crazy... about UNICEF" (http:// www. cbsnews. com/ 8301-504784_162-20048529-10391705.html). CBS News.
March 29, 2011. . Retrieved August 21, 2011.
Selena Gomez
14
[99] "Selena Gomez fills her Celebrity Tap bottle" (http:// fieldnotes. unicefusa. org/2011/ 04/ selena_gomez_fills_her_celebri.html). April 20,
2011. .
[100] Hogan, Kate (February 28, 2011). "Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez Step Out Together on Oscar Night" (http:/ / www. people.com/
people/ article/0,,20469564,00. html). People. . Retrieved January 6, 2012.
[101] Ziegbe, Mawuse (December 23, 2010). "Justin Bieber Calls Selena Gomez 'An Amazing Person'" (http:/ / www. mtv. com/ news/ articles/
1654905/ justin-bieber-calls-selena-gomez-amazing-person.jhtml). MTV. . Retrieved January 6, 2012.
[102] Riedel, David (May 23, 2011). "Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez kiss at Billboard Music Awards" (http:// www. cbsnews. com/
8301-31749_162-20065270-10391698.html). CBS. . Retrieved January 6, 2012.
[103] William Keck (April 22, 2011). "Keck's Exclusives: Modern Family Gets in Tune" (http:// www. tvguide. com/ News/
Kecks-Exclusives-Modern-1029007.aspx). TVGuide.com. . Retrieved February 8, 2011.
[104] "Justin Bieber, Selena Gomez Split" (http:// www. usmagazine. com/ celebrity-news/news/ justin-bieber-selena-gomez-split-2012911). US
Weekly. November 9, 2012. . Retrieved November 11, 2012.
[105] Corneau, Allison (November 11, 2012). "Justin Bieber Speaks Out on Selena Gomez Split" (http:/ / www. usmagazine. com/
celebrity-news/news/ justin-bieber-speaks-out-on-selena-gomez-split-20121111). US Weekly. . Retrieved November 11, 2012.
[106] "Justin Bieber wins Selena Gomez back after ‘begging for forgiveness’ | Showbiz | Entertainment | STV" (http:/ / entertainment.stv. tv/
showbiz/ 202257-justin-bieber-wins-selena-gomez-back-after-begging-for-forgiveness/). Entertainment. 2012-11-23. . Retrieved 2012-12-17.
[107] "BFFs Selena Gomez & Demi Lovato Show Off Their Furry Best Pals" (http:// www. peoplepets.com/ news/ celebrities/
bffs-selena-gomez-demi-lovato-show-off-their-furry-best-pals/ 1). PeoplePets.com. June 18, 2009. . Retrieved August 6, 2009.
[108] "How Rich is Selena Gomez" (http:// how-rich.com/ 278/ selena-gomez/ ). How-rich.com. 2012-05-12. . Retrieved 2012-12-17.
[109] "Selena Gomez Net Worth 2012 | Celebrity Net Worth" (http:/ / www. therichest. org/celebnetworth/celeb/ singer/
selena-gomez-net-worth/ ). Therichest.org. 1992-07-22. . Retrieved 2012-12-17.
[110] Spocket Girl Creative. "Official Site for Brain Zapped | Written and Directed by Eliud George Garcia" (http:// www. brainzapped.com/ ).
Brainzapped.com. . Retrieved July 4, 2011.
[111] [111] List of Selena Gomez's soundtrack:
• Another Cinderella Story: "Another Cinderella Story – Original Soundtrack" (http:// www.allmusic. com/ album/
another-cinderella-story-r1409947/charts-awards). Allmusic. May 13, 2010. . Retrieved May 13, 2010.
• Wizards of Waverly Place: "Wizards of Waverly Place: Songs from and Inspired by the Hit TV Series" (http:// www. allmusic. com/
album/ wizards-of-waverly-place-songs-from-and-inspired-by-the-hit-tv-series-r1612628/charts-awards). Allmusic. May 13, 2010. .
Retrieved May 13, 2010.
[112] "SOUNDTRACK – WIZARDS OF WAVERLY PLACE (ALBUM)" (http:// norwegiancharts.com/ showitem.
asp?interpret=Soundtrack& titel=Wizards+ Of+Waverly+Place& cat=a). norwegiancharts.com. May 13, 2010. . Retrieved May 13, 2010.
[113] "Selena Gomez – Chart History" (http:// acharts. us/ performer/selena_gomez). acharts.us. . Retrieved February 10, 2011.
[114] "SELENA GOMEZ – MAGIC (SONG) on Norway Charts" (http:// norwegiancharts.com/showitem. asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez&
titel=Magic&cat=s). norwegiancharts.com. . Retrieved February 10, 2011.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. selenagomez. com/ )
• Selena Gomez (https:/ / www. facebook.com/ Selena) on Facebook
• Selena Gomez (https:/ / twitter.com/ selenagomez) on Twitter
• Selena Gomez's channel (https:/ / www. youtube. com/ user/ selenagomez) on YouTube
• Selena Gomez (http:// www. imdb. com/ name/ nm1411125/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
15
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
Date November 6, 2011 (9:00 PM CET)
Venue(s) Odyssey Arena, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Host(s) Selena Gomez
Network MTV Networks International (Europe)
The 2011 MTV EMAs (also known as the MTV Europe Music Awards) were held in Northern Ireland's capital
Belfast, on Sunday, November 6, 2011, at the Odyssey Arena in the Titanic Quarter area of the city and were hosted
by Selena Gomez.
[1][2]
Additional live venues for the awards show include Ulster Hall and Belfast City Hall.
On September 19, 2011, MTV Networks International announced the 2011 nominees. The main categories were
dominated by Lady Gaga with six nominations, Katy Perry and Bruno Mars with five and Britney Spears, 30
Seconds to Mars and Adele with three apiece. Lady Gaga was the biggest winner of the night, taking home 4
awards.
[3][4][5][6]
Other winners include 30 Seconds to Mars, Bruno Mars and Justin Bieber with two apiece.
During the show Selena Gomez said that MTV received 154 million votes from people around the globe.
[7]
Queen
received the Global Icon Award from Katy Perry, and the band closed the awards ceremony, with Adam Lambert on
vocals, performing "The Show Must Go On", "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions".
[8]
Nominations
Winners are in bold text.
Best Song
• Adele — "Rolling in the Deep"
• Bruno Mars — "Grenade"
• Jennifer Lopez (featuring Pitbull) — "On the Floor"
• Katy Perry — "Firework"
• Lady Gaga — "Born This Way"
Best Video
• Adele — "Rolling in the Deep"
• Beastie Boys — "Make Some Noise"
• Beyoncé — "Run the World (Girls)"
• Justice — "Civilization"
• Lady Gaga — "Born This Way"
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
16
Best Female
• Adele
• Beyoncé
• Jennifer Lopez
• Katy Perry
• Lady Gaga
Best Male
• Bruno Mars
• David Guetta
• Eminem
• Justin Bieber
• Kanye West
Best New Act
• Bruno Mars
• Far East Movement
• Jessie J
• LMFAO
• Wiz Khalifa
Best Pop
• Britney Spears
• Justin Bieber
• Rihanna
• Lady Gaga
• Katy Perry
Best Rock
•• Coldplay
•• Foo Fighters
•• Kings of Leon
•• Linkin Park
•• Red Hot Chili Peppers
Best Alternative
•• 30 Seconds to Mars
•• Arcade Fire
•• Arctic Monkeys
•• My Chemical Romance
•• The Strokes
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
17
Best Hip-Hop
•• Eminem
• Jay-Z & Kanye West
•• Lil Wayne
•• Pitbull
•• Snoop Dogg
Best Live Act
•• Coldplay
•• Foo Fighters
•• Katy Perry
•• Lady Gaga
•• Red Hot Chili Peppers
Best World Stage performance
•• 30 Seconds to Mars
•• Arcade Fire
•• The Black Eyed Peas
• Diddy – Dirty Money
•• Enrique Iglesias
•• Kings of Leon
•• Linkin Park
•• My Chemical Romance
•• Ozzy Osbourne
•• Snoop Dogg
Best Push Act
•• Alexis Jordan
•• Big Time Rush
•• Bruno Mars
•• Far East Movement
•• Jessie J
•• Katy B
•• LMFAO
•• Neon Trees
•• Theophilus London
•• Wiz Khalifa
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
18
Biggest Fans
•• 30 Seconds to Mars
•• Justin Bieber
•• Lady Gaga
•• Paramore
•• Selena Gomez
Best Worldwide Act
• Restart
• Big Bang
• Lena
• Britney Spears
• Abdelfattah Grini
Global Icon
• Queen
[9]
Regional nominations
Best UK & Ireland Act
• Adele
• Coldplay
• Florence and the Machine
• Jessie J
• Kasabian
Best Danish Act
•• L.O.C.
•• Medina
• Nik & Jay
•• Rasmus Seebach
•• Rune RK
Best Finnish Act
•• Anna Abreu
•• Children of Bodom
•• Haloo Helsinki!
•• Lauri Ylönen
•• Sunrise Avenue
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
19
Best Norwegian Act
•• Erik og Kriss
• Eva & The Heartmaker
• Jaa9 & OnklP
•• Jarle Bernhoft
•• Madcon
Best Swedish Act
•• Eric Amarillo
•• Mohombi
•• Robyn
•• Swedish House Mafia
•• Veronica Maggio
Best German Act
•• Beatsteaks
•• Clueso
•• Culcha Candela
•• Frida Gold
•• Lena
Best Italian Act
•• Fabri Fibra
•• Jovanotti
•• Modà
•• Negramaro
•• Verdena
Best Dutch Act
•• Afrojack
•• Baskervilles
•• Ben Saunders
•• De Jeugd van Tegenwoordig
•• Go Back to the Zoo
Best Belgian Act
•• Deus
•• Goose
•• Stromae
•• The Subs
•• Triggerfinger
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
20
Best French Act
•• Ben l'Oncle Soul
•• David Guetta
•• La Fouine
•• Martin Solveig
•• Soprano
Best Polish Act
•• Afromental
•• Doda
•• Ewa Farna
•• Monika Brodka
•• Myslovitz
Best Spanish Act
•• El Pescao
•• Nach
•• Russian Red
•• Vetusta Morla
•• Zenttric
Best Russian Act
•• Gradusi
•• Kasta
•• Machete
•• Nyusha
•• Timati
Best Romanian Act
•• Alexandra Stan
•• Fly Project
•• Guess Who
•• Puya
•• Smiley
Best Portuguese Act
•• Amor Electro
•• Aurea
•• Diego Miranda
•• Expensive Soul
•• The Gift
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
21
Best Adria Act
• Dubioza Kolektiv
• Hladno pivo
• Magnifico
• S.A.R.S.
• SevdahBABY
Best Hungarian Act
•• Bin Jip
•• Compact Disco
•• Fish!
•• Punnany Massif
•• The Carbonfools
Best Turkish Act
•• Atiye Deniz
•• Cartel
•• Duman
•• Hadise
•• Mor ve Ötesi
Best Ukrainian Act
•• Jamala
•• Ivan Dorn
•• Kazaky
•• Max Barskih
• Sirena[10]
Best Greek Act
•• Κokkina Halia
•• Mark F. Angelo featuring Shaya
•• Melisses
•• Onirama
•• Panos Mouzourakis featuring Kostis Maraveyas
Best Israeli Act
•• Izabo
•• Liran Danino
•• Sarit Hadad
•• The Walking Man
•• The Young Professionals
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
22
Best Swiss Act
•• Adrian Stern
•• Baschi
•• Gimma
•• Myron
•• TinkaBelle
Best Czech and Slovak Act
• Ben Cristovao
• Charlie Straight
• Debbi
• PSH
• Rytmus
Worldwide Act nominations
Best European Act
• Adele
• Alexandra Stan
• Atiye Deniz
• Aurea
• Ben Saunders
• Charlie Straight
• Compact Disco
• Deus
• Dubioza Kolektiv
• Eva & The Heartmaker
• Ewa Farna
• Gimma
• La Fouine
• Lauri Ylönen
• Lena
• Mark F. Angelo & Shaya
• Medina
• Modà
• Nyusha
• Russian Red
• Sirena
• Swedish House Mafia
• The Young Professionals
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
23
Best Africa, Middle East and India Act
• Abdelfattah Grini
• Black Coffee
• Cabo Snoop
• Fally Ipupa
• Scribe
• Wizkid
Best Asia and Pacific Act
• Agnes Monica
• Big Bang
• Exile
• Gotye
• Jane Zhang
• Jay Chou
• Sia
Best Latin American Act
• Ádammo
• Babasónicos
• Belanova
• Calle 13
• Don Tetto
• No Te Va Gustar
• Panda
• Restart
• Seu Jorge
• Zoé
Best North American Act
• Beyoncé
• Britney Spears
• Bruno Mars
• Foo Fighters
• Justin Bieber
• Katy Perry
• Lady Gaga
• Lil Wayne
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
24
Performances
Pre show
• Jason Derülo — "It Girl / In My Head"
[11]
Main show
• Coldplay — "Every Teardrop Is a Waterfall"
[12]
• LMFAO featuring Lauren Bennett and GoonRock — "Party Rock Anthem"
[12]
• Bruno Mars — "Marry You"
[13]
• Jessie J — "Price Tag"
[12]
• Red Hot Chili Peppers — "The Adventures of Rain Dance Maggie"
[14]
• Lady Gaga — "Marry the Night"
[13]
• Selena Gomez & the Scene — "Hit the Lights"
[15]
• Snow Patrol — "Called Out in the Dark"
[11]
• Justin Bieber — "Mistletoe / Never Say Never"
[16]
• David Guetta featuring Taio Cruz, Ludacris and Jessie J — "Sweat (David Guetta Remix) / Little Bad Girl /
Without You"
[16]
• Adam Lambert and Queen — "The Show Must Go On / We Will Rock You / We Are the Champions"
[17]
Digital show
• Snow Patrol — "This Isn't Everything You Are"
• Jason Derülo — "Don't Wanna Go Home"
Appearances
• Louise Roe and Tim Kash — Red carpet hosts
• Nicole Polizzi and Jennifer Farley — presented Best Live Act
[13]
• David Hasselhoff — presented Best Female
[16]
• Katy Perry — presented Global Icon Award
[16]
• Ashley Rickards and Sheamus — presented Best Male
[13][16]
• Amy Lee — introduced Red Hot Chili Peppers
[16]
• Jeremy Scott and From Above — presented Best New Act
[16]
• Hayden Panettiere — presented Best Song
[16]
• Malcolm-Jamal Warner and Tracee Ellis Ross — presented Best Worldwide Act
• Jessie J — introduced the Amy Winehouse tribute
• Bar Refaeli and Irina Shayk — presented Best Video
[16]
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards
25
References
[1] "The 2011 MTV EMAs Are Coming To…Belfast!" (http:// ema. mtv.tv/ news/ 2011-ema-belfast). MTV. .
[2] "The 2011 MTV EMA Host Is…Selena Gomez!" (http:/ / tv.mtvema.com/ news/ ema2011-host-announcement). MTV Networks Europe.
2011-26-09. . Retrieved 2011-29-09.
[3] "Lady Gaga wins four prizes at MTV Europe awards" (http:/ / www. guardian.co. uk/ music/ 2011/ nov/ 06/
lady-gaga-mtv-europe-awards?newsfeed=true). Guardian. 7 November 2011. . Retrieved 7 November 2011.
[4] "Lady Gaga dominates MTV Europe Music Awards in Belfast" (http:// www.bbc. co. uk/ news/ entertainment-arts-15614714). BBC News. 7
November 2011. . Retrieved 7 November 2011.
[5] "MTV Europe Music Awards 2011: as it happened" (http:/ /www. telegraph.co.uk/ culture/music/ music-news/ 8871749/
MTV-EMAs-2011-as-it-happened.html). Daily Telegraph. 7 November 2011. . Retrieved 7 November 2011.
[6] "Lady Gaga goes to the moon and back as she scoops best female at the MTV Europe Music Awards" (http:// www. dailymail.co.uk/
tvshowbiz/article-2058373/MTV-Europe-Music-Awards-2011-Lady-Gaga-scoops-best-female.html). Daily Mail. 7 November 2011. .
Retrieved 7 November 2011.
[7] http:/ / www.mtv. pl/ shows/ mtv-europe-music-awards-2011/episodes/ mtv-europe-music-awards-2011-czesc-2/video/
2011-ema-main-show-part-16-selena-gomez-link-3-say-cheese-snow-drop-704601/
[8] Katy and Adam Honour Queen (http:// www. mtv. com. au/ news/ 61c139e8-katy-perry-adam-lambert-honour-queen/) MTV. Retrieved 19
April 2011
[9] "The 2011 Global Icon Is...Queen!" (http:/ / tv.mtvema. com/ news/ ema2011-global-icon-queen). MTV Networks Europe. 2011-19-10. .
Retrieved 2011-19-10.
[10] http:// www. youtube. com/ watch?v=yGdwAIbu-nY
[11] "Snow Patrol and Jason Derulo Will Play the EMAs From City Hall!" (http:// tv. mtvema.com/ news/ ema2011-snow-patrol-jason-derulo).
MTV Networks Europe. 2011-13-10. . Retrieved 2011-13-10.
[12] "Jessie J, Coldplay & LMFAO To Perform At 2011 MTV EMAs" (http:/ / www. mtv. co.uk/ news/ emas/
334594-jessie-j-coldplay-lmfao-emas-performers). MTV Networks Europe. 2011-12-10. . Retrieved 2011-12-10.
[13] "Lady Gaga and Bruno Mars Will Perform At 2011 MTV EMAs" (http:/ / uk.mtvema.com/ news/ ema2011-lady-gaga-and-bruno-mars).
MTV Networks Europe. 2011-17-10. . Retrieved 2011-17-10.
[14] "Red Hot Chili Peppers To Perform At 2011 MTV EMAs" (http:/ / www. mtv.co.uk/ news/ emas/
334146-emas-red-hot-chili-peppers-performers-selena-gomez). MTV Networks Europe. 2011-05-10. . Retrieved 2011-12-10.
[15] http:/ / www. digitalspy. co. uk/ music/ news/ a349338/ selena-gomez-to-perform-at-mtv-emas.html
[16] "Justin Bieber and David Guetta Will Perform!" (http:// uk. mtvema.com/ news/ justin-bieber-and-david-guetta). MTV Networks Europe.
2011-31-10. . Retrieved 2011-31-10.
[17] http:/ / www. mirror.co. uk/ celebs/ columnists/ dean-piper/2011/ 11/ 06/ lady-gaga-wears-gigantic-dangly-earrings-115875-23540808/
External links
• MTV Europe Music Awards Official show site (http:// ema. mtv. tv)
2011 MuchMusic Video Awards
26
2011 MuchMusic Video Awards
2011 MuchMusic
Video Awards
Format Awards show
Starring Selena Gomez
Country of origin Canada
Broadcast
Original channel MuchMusic
First shown in June 19, 2011
External links
Website
[1]
The 2011 MuchMusic Video Awards was held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada at MuchMusic's headquarters on June
19, 2011. The awards were aired on MuchMusic, CP24, E!, MuchHD and Fuse. Along with the MuchMusic VJ's, it
was confirmed on the MuchMusic website that Selena Gomez will host the show. Lady Gaga and Justin Bieber tied
for the most awards won with 2 each.
Winners and nominees
Nominees for the People's Choice awards were announced in early May 2011. One "wildcard" nominee will be
chosen in each of the "UR Fave" award categories (as voted by the Much Music viewers).
Video of the Year
• Shawn Desman — "Electric/Night Like This"
• Blake McGrath — "Relax"
• Danny Fernandes f. Belly — "Automatic"
• Down With Webster — "Whoa Is Me"
• Fefe Dobson — "Ghost"
Post Production of the Year
• Danny Fernandes f. Belly — "Automatic"
• Broken Social Scene — "Forced to Love"
• Candy Coated Killahz — "Neon Black"
• K'naan — "Take a Minute"
• These Kids Wear Crowns — "Jumpstart"
2011 MuchMusic Video Awards
27
Cinematographer of the Year
• Blake McGrath — "Relax"
• JDiggz f. Neverending White Lights – "This Time"
• Kaskade f. Dragonette – "Fire In Your New Shoes"
• Stereos – "Uncontrollable"
• Neverest – "Everything"
Director of the Year
• You Say Party – "Lonely's Lunch" Director: Sean Wainsteim
• Abandon All Ships – "Geeving" Director: Davin Black
• JDiggz f. Neverending White Lights – "This Time" Director: RT!
• Marianas Trench f. Jessica Lee – "Good to You" Director: Colin Minihan
• Shawn Desman — "Electric/Night Like This" Director: RT!
Pop Video of the Year
• Down With Webster – "Whoa Is Me"
• Alyssa Reid f. P. Reign – "Alone Again"
• Fefe Dobson – "Ghost"
• Marianas Trench f. Jessica Lee – "Good to You"
• Shawn Desman — "Electric/Night Like This"
MuchLOUD Rock Video of the Year
• Abandon All Ships – "Geeving"
• Billy Talent – "Diamond on a Landmine"
• Hail the Villain – "Runaway"
• Metric – "Stadium Love"
• Simple Plan f. Rivers Cuomo – "Can't Keep My Hands Off You"
MuchVIBE Hip-hop Video of the Year
• Classified – "That Ain't Classy"
• Belly f. Kobe – "Back Against The Wall"
• K'naan — "Take a Minute"
• P. Reign – "Call My Name"
• Shad – "Rose Garden"
MuchFACT Indie Video of the Year
• JDiggz f. Neverending White Lights – "This Time"
• JRDN – "Like Magic"
• Metric – "Stadium Love"
• Tokyo Police Club – "Wait Up (Boots of Danger)"
• You Say Party – "Lonely's Lunch"
2011 MuchMusic Video Awards
28
International Video of the Year - Artist
• Lady Gaga – "Judas"
• Bruno Mars – "Just the Way You Are"
• Eminem f. Rihanna – "Love the Way You Lie"
• Katy Perry f. Kanye West – "E.T."
• Kanye West f. Pusha T – "Runaway"
• Rihanna – "Only Girl (In The World)"
• Britney Spears – "Till The World Ends"
• Jennifer Lopez f. Pitbull – "On The Floor"
International Video of the Year - Group
• Far East Movement f. The Cataracs, Dev – "Like a G6"
• The Black Eyed Peas – "The Time (Dirty Bit)"
• Diddy-Dirty Money – "Coming Home"
• The Black Keys – "Tighten Up"
• White Lies – "Bigger than Us"
International Video of the Year by a Canadian
• Tie: Drake – "Find Your Love" and Justin Bieber ft. Usher – "Somebody to Love (Remix)"
• Arcade Fire – "The Suburbs"
• Avril Lavigne – "What the Hell"
• Fefe Dobson – "Stuttering"
MuchMUSIC.COM Most Watched Video
• Taio Cruz - "Dynamite"
• Adam Lambert – "If I Had You"
• B.o.B ft. Hayley Williams - "Airplanes"
• Beyoncé - "Why Don't You Love Me"
• Bruno Mars – "Just the Way You Are"
• Christina Aguilera - "Not Myself Tonight"
• Drake ft. Lil Wayne - "Miss Me"
•• Drake - "Find Your Love"
• Eminem ft. Lil Wayne - "No Love"
• Edward Maya ft. Vika Jigulina- "Stereo Love"
• Eminem ft. Rihanna – "Love the Way You Lie"
• Justin Bieber ft. Usher – "Somebody To Love (Remix)"
• Katy Perry ft. Snoop Dogg – "California Gurls"
• Katy Perry – "Teenage Dream"
• Kesha – "Your Love Is My Drug"
• Kesha – "Take It Off"
• Lady Gaga – "Alejandro"
• Marianas Trench ft. Jessica Lee – "Good To You"
• Nelly – "Just A Dream"
• P!nk – "Raise Your Glass"
• Rihanna – "Only Girl (In The World)"
• Selena Gomez and the Scene – "A Year Without Rain"
2011 MuchMusic Video Awards
29
• Taylor Swift– "Mine"
• Usher ft. Pitbull – "DJ Got Us Fallin' in Love"
• Avril Lavigne - "Smile"
UR Fave: Video
•• Fefe Dobson - "Stuttering"
• Down With Webster - "Whoa Is Me"
• Shawn Desman - "Electric/Night Like This"
• Danny Fernandes f. Belly - "Automatic"
• (Wildcard Winner) These Kids Wear Crowns - "Jumpstart"
UR Fave: International Video
• Lady Gaga — " Born This Way"
• Bruno Mars — "Just the Way You Are"
• Eminem ft. Rihanna — Love The Way You Lie"
• Selena Gomez — "A Year Without Rain"
• Britney Spears - "Till The World Ends"
UR Fave: Artist
• Justin Bieber ft. Usher — "Somebody to Love (Remix)"
• Arcade Fire — "The Suburbs"
• Avril Lavigne — "What The Hell"
• Drake — "Find Your Love"
•• Down With Webster - "Whoa Is Me" (Wildcard Winner)
Performers
The following performances are in chronological order.
• Lady Gaga - The Edge of Glory
• Far East Movement featuring Dev and Snoop Dogg - Like a G6, If I Was You (OMG), & Bass Down Low
• Down With Webster - She's Dope
• Fefe Dobson - Stuttering
• The Black Keys - Howlin' for You
• Avril Lavigne - What the Hell
• Simple Plan featuring Fefe Dobson - Jet Lag
• Selena Gomez & The Scene - Who Says
• City and Colour - Fragile Bird
• Bruno Mars - Just the Way You Are
• Lady Gaga - Born This Way
2011 MuchMusic Video Awards
30
Appearances
•• Foster The People
• Nikki Reed (The Twilight Saga)
• Ian Somerhalder (The Vampire Diaries)
• Nina Dobrev (The Vampire Diaries)
• Shay Mitchell (Pretty Little Liars)
• Johnny Galecki (The Big Bang Theory)
•• These Kids Wear Crowns
•• Shawn Desman
•• Marianas Trench (band)
• Munro Chambers (Degrassi)
•• Cody Simpson
•• Classified
•• Blake McGrath
•• Colin Farrell
• Kat Graham (The Vampire Diaries)
•• Justin Bieber
References
[1] http:/ / mmva. muchmusic. com/
A Cinderella Story
31
A Cinderella Story
A Cinderella Story
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Mark Rosman
Produced by Clifford Werber
Ilyssa Goodman
Hunt Lowry
Dylan Sellers
Written by Leigh Dunlap
Starring Hilary Duff
Chad Michael Murray
Jennifer Coolidge
Regina King
Dan Byrd
Julie Gonzalo
Madeline Zima
Andrea Avery Paul Rodriguez
Music by Christophe Beck
Editing by Cara Silverman
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date(s) July 16, 2004
Running time 95 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget
$19 million
[1]
Box office $70,067,909
A Cinderella Story is a 2004 American, teen, romantic comedy film. The film stars Hilary Duff, Jennifer Coolidge,
Chad Michael Murray and Regina King and was directed by Mark Rosman. The film's plot revolves around two
Internet pen pals (Duff and Murray) who meet at a school dance and fall in love but two different worlds keep them
apart. It received negative reviews from critics, but was a commercial success.
Plot
The setting is a small cottage. The film starts with a ten-year old girl named Sam Montgomery (Hilary Duff) living
in the San Fernando Valley area of Los Angeles, with her widowed father Hal (Whip Hubley), who runs a popular
sports-themed diner. Hal soon marries a vain, self-absorbed woman named Fiona (Jennifer Coolidge). Hal is killed
when, during an earthquake, he runs to save Fiona. Supposedly leaving no will, Fiona receives all of his belongings,
including the house and diner, and to her dismay, Sam.
Eight years later, eighteen-year old tomboy Sam is employed as a worker at the diner to save money for Princeton,
where she is tormented by Fiona and her two dim-witted daughters, Brianna (Madeline Zima) and Gabriella (Andrea
Avery). Fiona emotionally abuses Sam and uses unnecessary amounts of water during a drought. A running gag
throughout the film demonstrates Sam's stepsisters participating in synchronized swimming, for which they are
found to have absolutely no talent. Sam struggles to cope socially at North Valley High School, where Queen Bee
cheerleader, Shelby Cummings (Julie Gonzalo), also torments her and calls her "Diner Girl."
A Cinderella Story
32
Sam confides in her online pen pal "Nomad" about her dream to attend Princeton University, a dream which he also
shares. However, "Nomad"'s true identity is Austin Ames (Chad Michael Murray), the popular, yet unhappy,
quarterback of the school's football team, and Shelby's boyfriend (Although Austin broke up with her, she chooses to
ignore it). "Nomad" proposes that they meet in person at the school's Halloween dance. Initially reluctant, Sam is
convinced by her friend Carter Ferrell (Dan Byrd), to go to the dance and meet her mysterious online friend.
On the night of the dance, Fiona orders Sam to work the night shift at the diner, then leaves to drive Brianna and
Gabriella to the dance. Carter and Rhonda (Regina King), Sam's best friends convince her to disobey Fiona and go to
the dance any way. Carter and Rhonda take Sam to find a costume for the dance. Sam, wearing a mask and a
beautiful white dress, meets "Nomad" at the dance, and is surprised and shocked to learn that he is Austin. The two
decide to leave the party to walk alone and get to know each other. After sharing a romantic dance together, Sam and
Austin begin to fall in love. But just as Austin is about to unmask her, Sam's cell phone alarm goes off, warning her
to return to the diner before Fiona comes back at midnight. She leaves without revealing her identity to Austin, and
drops her phone on her way out.
Austin picks up her cell and begins a desperate search to figure out who his "Cinderella" really is, the result being
that every girl in school claims to be the mysterious owner of the phone. Sam is reluctant to reveal her identity to
Austin, feeling that he won't accept her due to her not-so-elegant lifestyle. Carter, dressed as Zorro, rescues Shelby
from the unwanted amorous advances of Austin's friend, David (Brad Bufanda). Shelby falls for "Zorro" not
knowing who he is and Carter resolves to tell her who he really is the next day, only to end up being shunned when
he does. When Austin comes into the diner one day, Sam is forced to help him and, after a talk, she attempts to
reveal her identity to him, but is cut off by Fiona. Sam's stepsisters convince Shelby that Sam tried to steal Austin
from her, and, during a prep rally, Sam's identity is revealed to Austin.
Like Austin, Sam had been accepted to Princeton, only to be duped by Fiona believing she was rejected. Sam then
decides to give up her dreams and resigns herself to working at the Diner. Rhonda gives Sam a pep talk. When her
stepsisters come in, they cause a guitar to fall off the wall, taking the wallpaper it is attached to with it. Sam then
sees her father's words "NEVER LET THE FEAR OF STRIKING OUT KEEP YOU FROM PLAYING THE
GAME", and regains her confidence. A fed up Sam then confronts Fiona about the mistreatment she's given her, she
quits her job at the diner and moves out to live with Rhonda. Simultaneously, Rhonda and the rest of the diner's staff
quit along with Sam, having put up with Fiona's abuse for Sam's sake all those years after Hal died. The customers,
who watched the entire scene, leave the diner as well.
Before a school football game, Sam confronts Austin about his cowardice and lies. Before the final play of the game,
he sees Sam making her way out of the stands, and finally faces up to his father that he wants to attend Princeton
rather than simply play football all his life. He hands his helmet to his other friend, Ryan, then chases after Sam and
apologizes. She accepts his apology and they share their first kiss as rain falls over the drought-plagued valley.
Soon after, Sam finds Hal's will hidden in her childhood fairytale book, which stated that all of his belongings
belonged to her. Sam sells her stepfamily's fancy cars so that she can pay for college, and Fiona, who signed the will
as a witness but claims she never saw that will, is arrested after being chased through the front yard of what is now
Sam's house by the deputy sheriffs.
Fiona, Brianna and Gabriella are made to work off the money they stole from Sam at the diner, which is restored to
its former glory before Hal's death by its new owners, Sam and Rhonda. Sam finds out the truth that she was
accepted by Princeton after her acceptance letter was found in the garbage by Gabriella. Also, Austin's father comes
to accept his son's desire to attend Princeton.
Things even work out in the end for Carter as he makes a commercial for acne medication. After being dumped by
Austin, Shelby then makes a play for Carter, only to be spurned in favor of Astrid, the school's DJ. The movie ends
with Sam and Austin happily driving off to Princeton, now officially a couple.
A Cinderella Story
33
Cast
• Hilary Duff as Samantha "Sam" Montgomery, a tomboy who used to be employed at her father's diner and now is
the owner of the diner and Austin's new girlfriend.
• Chad Michael Murray as Austin Ames. He hides who he is because of his father and Shelby, but with help from
Sam, he finds the courage to stand up for what he wants and becomes Sam's boyfriend.
• Jennifer Coolidge as Fiona Montgomery. When Hal was killed in the earthquake, she got all his belongings which
went to Sam after she found the will.
• Regina King as Rhonda, Sam's co-worker and friend
• Madeline Zima as Brianna Montgomery. She is the younger twin and much more dimwitted than Gabriella.
• Andrea Avery as Gabriella Montgomery. She is the older twin by a minute and 26 seconds. She is dimwitted but
smarter than Brianna.
• Dan Byrd as Carter Farrell, an aspiring actor and Sam's best friend.
• Julie Gonzalo as Shelby Cummings, Austin's former girlfriend and cheerleader
• Aimee-Lynn Chadwick as Astrid, the school's DJ who becomes Carter's girlfriend
• Brad Bufanda as David, Austin's friend
• J.D. Pardo as Ryan Henson, Austin's friend
• Simon Helberg as Terrence, a boy at Sam's school. He is possibly the only character who refers to Sam as
"Samantha".
• Erica Hubbard as Madison
• Kady Cole as Caitlyn
• Mary Pat Gleason as Eleanor
• Paul Rodriguez as Bobby, the head chef at Hal's/Fiona's
• Lin Shaye as Mrs. Wells
• Whip Hubley as Harold "Hal" Montgomery, Sam's father.
• Kevin Kilner as Andy Ames, Austin's father.
• James Eckhouse as Mr. Farrell, Carter's father
• Hannah Robinson as Young Sam
• Rory Thost as Young Carter
• Carly Westerman as Young Brianna
• Lilly Babb as Young Gabriella
Reception
Although some critics praised her performance, Duff received in 2005 a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actress
nomination. Reviews to the film were mostly negative with Time naming it one of the top 10 worst chick flicks.
[2]
On Rotten Tomatoes, it currently holds an 11% rating.
Box office
In its opening weekend, the film grossed $13,623,350 in 2,625 theaters in the United States and Canada, ranking #4
at the box office, behind I, Robot, Spider-Man 2 and Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, was the best debut
for an Teen film that week. By the end of its run, A Cinderella Story grossed $51,438,175 domestically and
$18,629,734 internationally, totaling $70,067,909 worldwide.
[1]
A Cinderella Story
34
Location
1272 E Calaveras St. Altadena, California, USA George's 50's Diner - 4390 Atlantic Avenue, Long Beach,
California, USA Monrovia, California, USA San Fernando Valley, Los Angeles, California, USA
Sequels
The first sequel, entitled Another Cinderella Story and starring Selena Gomez and Drew Seeley, was released on
September 16, 2008. Another sequel, A Cinderella Story: Once Upon a Song, stars Lucy Hale and Freddie Stroma
and was released on September 6, 2011.
References
[1] "A Cinderella Story (2004)" (http:// www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=cinderellastory.htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved 14
February 2010.
[2] Oloffson, Kristi (May 26, 2010). "Top 10 Worst Chick Flicks - A Cinderella Story" (http:/ / entertainment.time. com/ 2010/ 05/ 26/
top-10-worst-chick-flicks/ ?slide=a-cinderella-story#a-cinderella-story). Time. . Retrieved March 28, 2012.
External links
• Official website (http:// www2. warnerbros.com/ acinderellastory/flash. html)
• A Cinderella Story (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0356470/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• A Cinderella Story (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v288626) at AllRovi
• A Cinderella Story (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=cinderellastory.htm) at Box Office Mojo
• A Cinderella Story (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ cinderella_story/) at Rotten Tomatoes
• A Cinderella Story (http:/ / www. metacritic.com/ movie/ a-cinderella-story) at Metacritic
A Year Without Rain
A Year Without Rain
Studio album by Selena Gomez & the Scene
Released September 17, 2010
(see release history)
Recorded April–August 2010
Genre Dance-pop, electropop
Length 34:43
Label Hollywood
Producer Toby Gad, Rock Mafia, RedOne, Kevin Rudolf, Andrew Bolooki, Jeff Halavacs, Superspy, Jonas Jeberg, Adam Anders, Matt Squire,
Peer Åström
Selena Gomez & the Scene chronology
Kiss &
Tell
(2009)
A Year Without
Rain
(2010)
When the Sun Goes
Down
(2011)
Alternate cover
Deluxe Edition cover
A Year Without Rain
35
Singles from A Year Without Rain
1. "Round & Round"
Released: June 22, 2010
2. "A Year Without Rain"
Released: September 7, 2010
A Year Without Rain is the second studio album by American band Selena Gomez & the Scene. The album was
released on September 17, 2010 via Hollywood Records. For songwriting, staffwritters were hired to write all the
lyrics. The band once again worked with writers and producers from their debut, Kiss & Tell such as Rock Mafia duo
Tim James, and Antonina Armato, as well as Fefe Dobson, Toby Gad, and Superspy. New contributions came from
Kevin Rudolf, Katy Perry, Jonas Jeberg and RedOne among others. Due to the success of their breakout hit,
"Naturally", the album draws mainly from dance-pop, rather than the pop rock sound of Kiss & Tell. While making
use of the Auto-Tune effect, the album is also electropop, and infuses influences of several other genres, including
dancehall, techno, and R&B, among others. According to Gomez, most of the songs on the album are dedicated to
the fans, while she wanted content with more melodies and empowering lyrics. Lyrical themes include topics of
love, freedom, and the joy of living in the moment.
The album has been given mostly positive reviews, with critics noting it as an improvement from the band's debut
album. A Year Without Rain debuted in the United States at number four, selling 66,000 copies in its first week.
[1]
The album has so far spawned two top forty singles in the United States, lead single, "Round & Round", and the title
track "A Year Without Rain". In January 2011, the album was certified Gold by RIAA.
[2]
As of 2012, A Year
Without Rain has sold around 700,000 copies in the United States.
[3]
Background and development
Recording and production
American pop singer Katy Perry (pictured)
was one of the many collaborators the band
worked with on the album.
In an interview with MTV News in February 2010, when referring to the
then-upcoming record, Selena Gomez said, "It's kind of different — older
— and it's kind of got, like, a reggae sound."
[4]
Gomez also stated she was
unsure of taking on the responsibility of the album's main songwriter,
unwanting the added pressure.
[4]
She also talked about producers for the
album, expressing interest to work with "Naturally" producers, Antonina
Armato, Tim James, and Dr. Luke.
[4]
She pointed out main goals for the
record, which were making sure that she could relate to it, and that the fans
could also, stating, "all of those songs are things that I went through, and
that's why I put that all together."
[4]
Later in an interview with Digital Spy,
Gomez gave hints about the album, stating that instead of pulling another
single from 2009's Kiss & Tell, that she looked forward to moving into the
next album, which would be completely different.
[5]
Gomez stated that the album was named after the titular single because it
was the first song recorded for the album, and she wanted to base the rest of
the work on the song.
[6]
Gomez went into further explanation, stating, "I mean, even down from putting the track
listing and numbering it, I wanted to make sure I envisioned [fans] putting it in their car or putting it on their iPod
and how I wanted them to listen to the record."
[6]
According to Gomez, most songs on the album were inspired by
the band's dedicated fans, as she stated, "I wish I could give to them, because they mean so much to me."
[6]
Calling
the album "a feel-good record," Gomez said it has a more dance/techno vibe.
[6]
The frontwoman also said that she
wanted something with more "meaning and melody, and more empowering lyrics."
[7]
About the new techno-leaning,
A Year Without Rain
36
Gomez said that it was inspired by the success of their breakout hit, "Naturally".
[7]
She explained, "There’s a feeling
when I perform that song that I love, so when I was going back in the studio, I had a better understanding of where I
wanted to be musically."
[7]
In July 2010, Gomez confirmed that an unreleased track co-penned by Katy Perry was given to her, and that Perry
also contributed background vocals.
[8]
She also confirmed the titles of songs "A Year Without Rain" and
"Intuition".
[8]
On August 17, 2010, Gomez revealed the album's track listing.
[9]
Composition
The album features a predominant dance-pop-electropop characteristics, while incorporating eurodance, reggae,
dancehall, disco, and R&B influences.
[10][11]
On most tracks, Gomez's vocals contain the auto-tune affect.
[11]
Lyrical
content deals with themes of love, freedom, and the joy of living in the moment.
[7]
Tim Sendra of Allmusic noted
while Kiss & Tell was more lighthearted and fun, that this album is "more serious lyrically and musically."
[12]
Sendra
also said where the previous album had a "retro feel" and "plenty of guitars," this work was "totally of the moment,"
accompanied by auto-tune and guest raps.
[12]
Album opener "Round & Round", an upbeat synth-driven song,
[7]
features a "riding electro groove," while "Summer's Not Hot" has a eurodance chorus, courtesy of RedOne.
[10]
"Spotlight" seems to derive from dancehall, and according to Mikael Wood of Billboard, the song does not feature a
hook.
[10]
The title track, "A Year Without Rain" is a dance ballad that is also disco, described as "emo."
[10]
Eric
Bellinger makes an appearance in rap interludes in "Intuition", while Katy Perry has backing vocals on "Rock
God".
[7]
"Ghost of You" is a ballad about a breakup.
[12]
Ending track "Live Like There's No Tomorrow" has been
called a power ballad.
[7]
Release
Singles
The album's lead single, "Round & Round", co-written and produced by Kevin Rudolf of Cash Money and Andrew
Bolooki, Jeff Halavacs, was released on June 22, 2010.
[13]
Fefe Dobson and Andrew Bolooki also receives writing
credits. The song received positive reviews from critics who noted its catchiness and expanding of Gomez's
demographic.
[14][15]
The single was met with chart success as well, debuting at number 24 on the Billboard Hot 100
in the US. The single also became the band's second dance hit, when it peaked at number 2 on the Hot Dance Club
Play chart.
[16]
The song also had radio success, peaking at number 34 on the Pop Songs chart.
[17]
Outside of the US,
the song was less successful. In Canada, the song only climbed to a peak of 51, despite the success of their previous
singles in the country.
[18]
In the United Kingdom, where 'Naturally' performed inside the Top 10, 'Round & Round'
failed to match its success, only reaching a peak of 47. In Australia, the single is one of their lowest performing
songs there to date, only reaching a peak of 80 on the singles chart. The song's accompanying music video, shot in
Budapest, Hungary, features Gomez and the band in a secret spy storyline.
[19]
The second single, "A Year Without
A Year Without Rain
37
Rain", written by Lindy Robbins and produced by Toby Gad, was released on September 7, 2010.
[20]
It debuted at
thirty-five in the United States, where it peaked.
[16]
Despite little to no success on US radio and downloads, the
single was a dance hit, becoming the band's second single to top the Hot Dance Club Play chart. In Canada, the
single debuted at number 37, before quickly climbing to a peak of 30. This makes it the band's second single to reach
the Top 40 in Canada, as well as the band's third Top 40 hit in the United States. In Australia, the song debuted and
peaked at 78, only two spots higher than their previous single. The song did enjoy success in Belgium, however,
reaching a peak of 3 on their singles chart.
Promotion
Selena Gomez performing live at KISS 108
Jingle Ball December 2010
A Year Without Rain was promoted mainly through a series of live
televised performances, as well as a tour. Gomez first performed
"Round & Round" live for the first time on America's Got Talent on
July 14, 2010.
[21]
The performance saw Gomez wearing a red dress
that spread out at the bottom, while her band performed behind her.
Gomez and her band also made an appearance on The Ellen DeGeneres
Show, on September 22, where they performed "A Year Without
Rain".
[22]
On September 23, only six days after the album's release,
Gomez and The Scene appeared on Good Morning America, where
they performed "Round & Round", as well as "A Year Without Rain".
While promoting in the United Kingdom, Gomez appeared on
Daybreak on September 27, 2010,
[23]
and on Blue Peter on the following day, September 28, 2010.
[24]
Gomez
performed the song on MTV's The Seven on October 1, 2010.
[25]
On November 16, Gomez performed the title track
on Lopez Tonight. The performance saw Gomez wearing a silver, strapless dress with sparkles on it, performing the
song as the show closed.
[26]
On December 1, the song was yet again performed on Live with Regis and Kelly, in
which Gomez, wearing a sleeveless sparkly dress, performed the song towards the end of the show. They also
performed the song at the 2011 People's Choice Awards on January 5, 2011, and afterwards were awarded the
Choice award for Favorite Breakout Artist.
[27]
Gomez appeared on stage accompanied by low lights and fog.
[27]
Kara Warner of MTV News commented, "Although it wasn't a stadium-rocking performance à la Lady Gaga or Katy
Perry, Gomez powered through her pop song with a sense of earnestness and commitment. She didn't even miss a
beat when her earpiece appeared to fall out mid-song."
[27]
The band also promoted the album through their second tour, A Year Without Rain Tour. Previously, the band had
toured the United States and Europe playing at state fairs and music festivals with a few headlining concerts thrown
in. The tour became a major success with critics and spectators alike, selling out many dates within the United
States. After the release of their second studio album, the band tour alongside Katy Perry, Bruno Mars and Enrique
Iglesias for the KIIS-FM Jingle Ball concert series.
[28]
Gomez remarked her excitement for the tour and stated that it
provided motivation to plan a "big" tour for 2011.
[29]
During a backstage interview, Gomez remarked that she was
conceptualizing the tour as far as stage and production and promised an amazing show with an "epic" stage for
2011.
[30]
The tour was officially announced on the band's official website in September 2010 to begin in London.
Allstar Weekend opened up for Gomez on select dates, while Christina Grimmie, who also had done background
vocals on the album, was present for most of the US shows on the tour.
A Year Without Rain
38
Reception
Critical reception
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic

[12]
Billboard 77/100
Washington Post mixed
About.com
Wairarapa Times-Age

[31]
musicOMH

[32]
Portrait Magazine
positive
[33]
The album received generally mixed to positive reviews. Mikael Wood of Billboard stated while the lyrics contain
"standard issue tween-pop topics," the effort was an improvement over 2009's Kiss & Tell, commenting that the
production outweighed the lyrical content.
[10]
Although noting most songs on the album as "over-produced"
dance-pop songs ballads and that Gomez spends most of the record trying to "dig herself out" of vocal effects,
Allison Stewart of The Washington Post said at its worst, the album was a marked improvement over the
"attitude-heavy", Kiss & Tell. Calling Gomez a young version of Katy Perry, Stewart commented, "Disney
princesses seem to come along every 15 minutes, but few of them charm like Selena Gomez."
[11]
Bill Lamb of
About.com reviewed the album saying, "Clearly Selena Gomez and the Scene have evolved musically in the short
year that has elapsed since their first album Kiss and Tell... This time around they are immersed in a more polished
dance-pop style that moves easily from the glossy midtempo title cut to perky uptempo club tunes. If you have
dismissed Selena Gomez as merely a cookie cutter Disney pop princess, it is high time to listen to more of her music
and [the music] is likely to change your mind. While not deep, A Year Without Rain is a solid, pleasing pop
album.
[34]
Wairarapa Times-Age said in their review of the album, "A Year Without Rain, Selena Gomez & The Scene's
second album, is full of dance floor-friendly synth pop, probably more suited to a slightly older set than her
teen-targeted TV show, and with less of a rock edge than fellow Disney Stars Miley Cyrus and Demi Lovato." "Off
The Chain" charted at no.3 in many countries including certain south Asian ones. it was a major hit in Korea and the
Indian peninsula as well. At the end of the review, they listed "Live Like There's No Tomorrow", and the title track
"A Year Without Rain" as the two highlights from the album.
[35]
MusicOMH gave the album 3 out of 5 stars, stating
"It would be the easiest thing in the world to dismiss A Year Without Rain as a cynical implementation of fan base
exploitation; Gomez is, with regards to a certain demographic, a licence to print money. She also, however, boasts an
embarrassment of talents, and those talents are more often than not afforded the space to breathe on a solid pop
offering."
[32]
PortraitMagazine also praised the album, commenting "Though Selena does seem intent on holding fast
to the dance-pop style, with a bit of techno thrown in here and there for good measure, just like she did on her first
album, the tracks she's got here are a definite improvement over her previous effort. She's trying out new things and
experimenting a little with her sound. I was actually able to listen to this album all the way through without getting a
migraine, which, I'm sorry to say, I couldn't do on her first. Because I think that she is such a talented person, I can't
be happier with this album. Yes, there are a few tracks that, now that I've heard them, I don't really care to listen to
again, but overall, this is a great album."
[33]
Allmusic praised the album as well, stating "A Year Without Rain is
similar in many ways but also very different in some important ways. Where Kiss was lighthearted and fun, Year is
A Year Without Rain
39
less fun and more serious both lyrically and musically. It feels like someone in her camp decided that it was time to
position Gomez as more grown up, time to leave behind the sunny, good-time appeal and get a little more “real.”"
[36]
Commercial performance
A Year Without Rain was released on September 17, 2010. It debuted on the US Billboard 200 at number 4, with
sales of 66,154,
[37]
barely beating out Kiss & Tell, which sold barely over 66,000 and debuted at number 9 on the
Billboard 200.
[38]
After three months of release, the album charted at number 144 on the Billboard 200 Year-End
Chart for 2010. It fared much better the following year, when it peaked at number 67 on the same chart. On January
19, 2011, the album was certified Gold in the US, for shipments of 500,000. The album debuted on the Canadian
Albums Chart at number 6, 16 spots higher than the band's previous effort, which debuted and peaked at number 22
on the chart. The album also peaked at number 6 in Spain, 4 spots lower than that of Kiss & Tell. In Portugal and the
Czech Republic, the album climbed to a peak of number 9, making it the band's first album to chart in both countries.
In Greece, the album debuted at number 10, an 8 spot drop from that of the band's previous album. The album
quickly fell off the Greek Albums Chart, however, attributed mainly by the low performance of the two singles in the
country. In both Belgium and Poland, the album narrowly missed the Top 10, debuting at number 11.
In the United Kingdom, the album debuted at number 14, two spots lower than Kiss & Tell did the previous year.
The album had the opposite chart performance in Mexico, where it debuted at 16, 4 spots higher than its predecessor.
In Germany, the album debuted at number 22, 3 spots lower than the previous album. The poor chart performance in
the country is due mainly to the poor performance of both singles. In New Zealand, the album debuted at number 24,
three spots lower than Kiss & Tell did the previous year. The album saw a similar sales decline in France, when it
debuted at number 26 on the official albums chart, two spots lower than the previous album. In Switzerland, the
album debuted at number 37, one spot lower than Kiss & Tell. In Ireland, A Year Without Rain performed very
poorly compared to Kiss & Tell, debuting at number 40 on the official albums chart. The previous year, Kiss & Tell
had debuted and peaked at number 14 on the chart, making a 26 spot difference between the two albums. A Year
Without Rain did have success in Australia however, in which Kiss & Tell failed to even chart. The album debuted
and peaked at number 46 on the official albums chart. The performance of the single "Naturally" from the previous
album, which was featured on the international edition of A Year Without Rain, played a huge part in album sales,
and helped make up for the commercial failure of the two singles from A Year Without Rain. The album also helped
Gomez & The Scene develop a fan base in The Netherlands, when it debuted at number 51 on the official albums
chart, becoming their first album to chart in the country. As of March 2012 the album has sold over 800,000 copies
in the United States and more than 1 million Worldwide.
Track listing
No. Title Writer(s) Producer Length
1. "Round & Round" Kevin Rudolf, Andrew Bolooki, Fefe Dobson, Jeff Halavacs, Jacob
Kasher
Rudolf, Bolooki,
Halavacs
3:06
2. "A Year Without Rain" Lindy Robbins, Toby Gad Gad 3:56
3. "Rock God" Katy Perry, Printz Board, Victoria Jane Horn Ahmed Bittar Rock Mafia 3:08
4. "Off the Chain" Tim James, Antonina Armato, Devrim Karaoglu Rock Mafia 4:03
5. "Summer's Not Hot" Armato, James, Nadir Khayat Rock Mafia, RedOne 3:05
6. "Intuition" (featuring Eric
Bellinger)
Gad, Eric Bellinger, Robbins Gad 2:59
7. "Spotlight" Peer Åström, Shelly Peiken, Adam Anders, Nikki Hassman Åström, Anders 3:31
8. "Ghost of You" Peiken, Jonas Jeberg, Rasmus Seebach, Ahmed Bittar Jeberg 3:23
A Year Without Rain
40
9. "Sick of You" Matt Squire, Lucas Banker Squire 3:23
10. "Live Like There's No Tomorrow" Matt Bronleewe, Nicky Chinn, Andrew Fromm, Meghan Kabir Superspy 4:07
International bonus track
No. Title Writer(s) Length
3. "Naturally" Antonina Armato, Tim James, Devrím Karaoglu 3:22
UK/ASDA bonus tracks
No. Title Writer(s) Length
12. "Round & Round" (Razor & Guido Club Vocal Mix Radio Remix) 3:48
13. "Making of the album "Kiss & Tell"" 15:00
14. "Video Message from Selena Gomez" 0:15
Deluxe Edition bonus tracks
No. Title Writer(s) Length
11. "Round & Round" (Dave Audé Radio Remix) Rudolf, Bolooki, Dobson, Halavacs, Kasher 3:33
12. "A Year Without Rain" (EK's Future Classic Remix - Radio Edit) Gad, Robbins 4:05
13. "Un Año Sin Lluvia" (A Year Without Rain - Spanish Version) Edgar Cortazar, Gad, Mark Portmann, Robbins 3:30
iTunes Deluxe Edition bonus tracks
No. Title Length
14. "Round & Round" (Music Video) 3:26
15. "A Year Without Rain" (Music Video) 3:29
Charts and certifications
Charts
Chart (2010) Peak
position
Australian Albums Chart
[39] 46
Austrian Albums Chart
[40] 19
Belgian Albums Chart (Flanders)
[41] 11
Belgian Albums Chart (Wallonia)
[42] 21
Canadian Albums Chart
[43] 6
Czech Republic Album Chart
[44] 9
French Albums Chart
[45] 26
German Albums Chart
[46] 22
Greek Album Chart
[47] 10
A Year Without Rain
41
Hungarian Albums Chart
[48] 23
Irish Albums Chart
[49] 40
Italian Albums Chart
[50] 28
Japanese Albums Chart
[51] 52
Mexican Albums Chart
[52] 16
Netherlands Albums Chart
[53] 51
New Zealand Albums Chart
[54] 24
Polish Albums Chart
[55] 11
Portuguese Albums Chart
[56] 9
Spanish Albums Chart
[57] 6
Swiss Albums Chart
[58] 37
Taiwanese Albums Chart
[59] 2
UK Album Chart
[60] 14
US Billboard 200
[38] 4
Year-end charts
Chart (2010) Position
US Billboard 200
[61] 144
Chart (2011) Position
US Billboard 200
[62] 67
Certifications
Country Certification
(sales thresholds)
Argentina Gold
Brazil
Platinum
[63]
Canada
Gold
[64]
Chile Platinum
Poland
Platinum
[65]
United States
Gold
[66]
A Year Without Rain
42
Release history
Country Date Format Label
Poland
[67] September 17, 2010 CD Universal Music
Canada
[68][69] September 21, 2010 CD/CD+DVD
Germany
[70][71]
United States
[72][73] Hollywood Records
Australia
[74] September 24, 2010 CD+DVD Universal Music
Mexico
[75]
United Kingdom
[76] October 4, 2010 CD/CD+DVD Fascination Records
Brazil
[77][78] October 15, 2010 Universal Music
India
[79] October 29, 2010 CD/CD+DVD Universal Music
Japan
[80] January 26, 2011 Avex International
Republic of China (Taiwan)
[81] January 28, 2011 CD+DVD Universal Music
References
[1] Caulfield, Keith (2010-09-29). "Zac Brown Band Bows At No. 1 on Billboard 200" (http:// www. billboard.com/ news/
zac-brown-band-bows-at-no-1-on-billboard-1004117424.story?tag=hpflash1#/ news/
zac-brown-band-bows-at-no-1-on-billboard-1004117424.story?tag=hpflash1). Billboard.com. Billboard. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/
web/20101002222734/ http:/ / www. billboard. com/ news/ zac-brown-band-bows-at-no-1-on-billboard-1004117424.story?tag=hpflash1)
from the original on 2 October 2010. . Retrieved 2010-09-29.
[2] "RIAA Gold an Platinum Database" (http:// www. riaa. com/ goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1& table=SEARCH_RESULTS&
action=& title=& artist=selena gomez & format=&debutLP=& category=& sex=& releaseDate=& requestNo=&type=& level=& label=&
company=& certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=& aSex=& rec_id=&charField=&gold=& platinum=& multiPlat=&
level2=&certDate=&album=& id=&after=on&before=on&startMonth=1& endMonth=8& startYear=2009&endYear=2011&sort=Artist&
perPage=25). RIAA.com. RIAA. . Retrieved 2011-01-25.
[3] "Selena Gomez: The Billboard Cover Story" (http:// www. billboard.com/ features/selena-gomez-the-billboard-cover-story-1005227022.
story?page=2#/features/selena-gomez-the-billboard-cover-story-1005227022.story?page=2). Billboard. 2009-09-14. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[4] Vena, Jocelyn (2010-02-23). "Selena Gomez Says Next Album Will Have 'Reggae Sound'" (http:/ / www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/ 1632484/
20100223/ gomez__selena. jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks. Archived (http:// web.archive.org/ web/ 20100903135252/ http:/ / www.
mtv. com/ news/ articles/ 1632484/ 20100223/ gomez__selena.jhtml) from the original on 3 September 2010. . Retrieved 2010-09-15.
[5] Martin, Lara (2010-04-10). "Music – Interview – Selena Gomez" (http:/ / www. digitalspy. com/ music/ interviews/ a213832/ selena-gomez.
html). Digital Spy. Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20100819163806/ http:/ /www. digitalspy.com/ music/ interviews/ a213832/
selena-gomez. html) from the original on 19 August 2010. . Retrieved 2010-09-15.
[6] Vena, Jocelyn. "Selena Gomez Says Fans Inspired A Year Without Rain" (http:// www. mtv.com/news/ articles/ 1648277/ 20100920/
gomez__selena.jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks. Archived (http:// web.archive.org/ web/ 20100922045121/ http:/ / www. mtv.com/
news/ articles/ 1648277/ 20100920/ gomez__selena. jhtml) from the original on 22 September 2010. . Retrieved 2010-09-21.
[7] "Amazon.com:Selena Gomez and the Scene:Albums, Songs, Bios, Photos" (http:// www. amazon.com/ Selena-Gomez-and-the-Scene/e/
B002GEXQ1S?_encoding=UTF8). Amazon.com. . Retrieved 2010-09-21.
[8] Vena, Jocelyn. "Selena Gomez's New Album Features Katy Perry Collaboration" (http:/ / www. mtv. com/ news/ articles/ 1644397/
20100726/ gomez__selena. jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks. Archived (http:// web.archive.org/ web/ 20100929232607/ http:/ / www.
mtv. com/ news/ articles/ 1644397/ 20100726/ gomez__selena.jhtml) from the original on 29 September 2010. . Retrieved 2010-09-15.
[9] Vena, Jocelyn (2010-08-17). "Selena Gomez Releases New Album Track Listing" (http:/ / www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/ 1645864/
20100817/ gomez__selena. jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks. Archived (http:// web.archive.org/ web/ 20100921112823/ http:/ / www.
mtv. com/ news/ articles/ 1645864/ 20100817/ gomez__selena.jhtml) from the original on 21 September 2010. . Retrieved 2010-09-15.
[10] Wood, Mikael (2010-09-10). "Selena Gomez and the Scene, "A Year Without Rain"" (http:/ /www. billboard.com/ #/ new-releases/
selena-gomez-and-the-scene-a-year-without-1004113969. story). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-15.
A Year Without Rain
43
[11] Stewart, Allison. "Album review: Selena Gomez, "A Year Without Rain"" (http:/ /blog.washingtonpost. com/ clicktrack/2010/ 09/
album_review_selena_gomez_a_ye. html). Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. . Retrieved 2010-09-21.
[12] Sendra, Tim. "Review: A Year Without Rain" (http:// www. allmusic. com/ album/ r1955339). Allmusic. . Retrieved 23 September 2010.
[13] "Round & Round – Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene" (http:/ / itunes. apple.com/ us/ album/ round-round-single/id376899592).
iTunes. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20100626032510/ http:/ / itunes.apple. com/ us/ album/ round-round-single/id376899592?)
from the original on 26 June 2010. . Retrieved 2010-06-30.
[14] Lamb, Bill. "Selena Gomez and the Scene – "Round & Round"" (http:/ / top40.about.com/ od/ singles/ gr/
Selena-Gomez-And-The-Scene-Round-And-Round. htm). About.com. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/web/ 20100709094924/ http:/ /
top40.about. com/ od/ singles/ gr/ Selena-Gomez-And-The-Scene-Round-And-Round.htm) from the original on 9 July 2010. . Retrieved
2010-06-23.
[15] Bain, Becky. "Selena Gomez Goes "Round And Round" On New Single" (http:/ / idolator.com/ 5542231/
selena-gomez-goes-round-and-round-on-new-single). Idolator. Archived (http:// web. archive. org/ web/ 20100629042335/ http:/ / idolator.
com/5542231/ selena-gomez-goes-round-and-round-on-new-single) from the original on 29 June 2010. . Retrieved 2010-06-30.
[16] "Selena Gomez & the Scene Chart History" (http:// www. billboard.com/ #/ artist/ Selena+Gomez/ chart-history/1011432?f=379&
g=Singles). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Archived (http://web.archive.org/web/20100920034937/ http:/ / www. billboard.com/
#/ news/ katy-perry-has-song-of-summer-2010-1004113499.story) from the original on 20 September 2010. . Retrieved 2010-09-21.
[17] "Selena Gomez Music News & Info" (http:/ / www. billboard.com/ artist/ selena-gomez/1011432#/ artist/ selena-gomez/1011432).
Billboard. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[18] "Round & Round - Selena Gomez & the Scene" (http:/ / www. billboard.com/ song/ selena-gomez-the-scene/ round-round/20585161#/
song/ selena-gomez-the-scene/round-round/20585161). Billboard. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[19] Cheung, Nadine. "Selena Gomez Becomes a Spy in Her New Video 'Round and Round'" (http:/ / www. jsyk. com/ 2010/ 06/ 22/
selena-gomez-becomes-a-spy-in-her-new-video-round-and-round/ ). AOL JSYK. . Retrieved 2010-06-30.
[20] "A Year Without Rain – Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene" (http:// itunes. apple. com/ us/ album/ a-year-without-rain-single/
id387935992). iTunes. Archived (http:/ / web. archive. org/web/ 20100910084649/ http:/ / itunes. apple. com/ us/ album/
a-year-without-rain-single/id387935992?) from the original on 10 September 2010. . Retrieved 2010-09-16.
[21] "'America's Got Talent' welcomes Selena Gomez, 'Rock of Ages,' special guest - From Inside the Box - Zap2it" (http:// blog.zap2it. com/
frominsidethebox/ 2010/ 07/ americas-got-talent-welcomes-selena-gomez-rock-of-ages-special-guest.html). Blog.zap2it.com. Archived (http:/
/ web.archive. org/web/ 20100917060208/ http:/ / blog. zap2it. com/ frominsidethebox/ 2010/ 07/
americas-got-talent-welcomes-selena-gomez-rock-of-ages-special-guest.html) from the original on 17 September 2010. . Retrieved
2010-09-21.
[22] Rosario, Mariela (2010-09-21). "Selena Gomez's New Album "A Year Without Rain" Drops Today!" (http://www.latina. com/
entertainment/ music/ selena-gomezs-new-album-year-without-rain-drops-today). Latina. Latina Media Ventures. . Retrieved 2011-03-15.
[23] "Selena Gomez sings 'Round and Round' live in the studio" (http:/ / www. itv. com/ daybreak/entertainment/coolbeforeschool/
selenagomez/ ). ITV. . Retrieved 2010-12-27.
[24] Daw, Robbie. "Selena Gomez Answers Some Kiddie Questions On ‘Blue Peter’" (http:// idolator.com/ 5639711/ selena-gomez-blue-peter).
Idolator. Buzzmedia Publishers. . Retrieved 2010-12-27.
[25] Ryan, Chris (2010-10-01). "VIDEO: Selena Gomez Performs 'Round & Round' On MTV's 'The Seven'" (http:// buzzworthy.mtv. com/
2010/ 10/ 01/ selena-gomez-round-and-round-the-7-mtv/). MTV Buzzworthy. MTV Networks (Viacom). . Retrieved 2010-12-25.
[26] "Selena Gomez Really Has Had a Year Without Rain" (http:/ / web.archive.org/web/ 20110722082823/ http:/ /www. lopeztonight. com/
episode_recaps_and_highlights/ selena_gomez_sings. php). Lopeztonight.com. Turner Broadcasting System. Archived from the original
(http:/ / www.lopeztonight. com/ episode_recaps_and_highlights/ selena_gomez_sings. php) on 2011-07-22. .
[27] Warner, Kara (2011-01-05). "Selena Gomez Wows People's Choice Awards With 'A Year Without Rain'" (http:/ / www. mtv. com/ news/
articles/1655377/ selena-gomez-peoples-choice-awards.jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks (Viacom). . Retrieved 2011-03-15.
[28] Carter, Lauren (10 December 2010). "Pop-happy Jingle Ball rocks" (http:/ / news. bostonherald.com/ entertainment/ music/ general/ view/
20101210pop-happy_jingle_ball_rocks/ srvc=home&position=also). Boston Herald. Herald Media Inc.. . Retrieved 5 January 2011.
[29] "Selena Gomez Planning 2011 Headline Tour" (http:// www. omgmusic. com/ news/ selena-gomez-planning-2011-headline-tour). OMG
Music. 12 December 2010. . Retrieved 5 January 2011.
[30] Gomez, Selena. Selena Gomez backstage with JJ (http:/ / www. z100.com/ pages/ events/ jingle-ball/ 2010.html?uri=channels/ 449656/
1106113). New York City: WHTZ. Event occurs at 2:09. . Retrieved 05 January 2011.
[31] Kim Gillespie (2010-11-19). "Album Review: A Year Without Rain - Selena Gomez & The Scene | Wairarapa Entertainment | Events,
Movies and TV Guide for Wairarapa" (http:/ / www. times-age. co.nz/ entertainment/news/ album-review-year-without-rain-selena-gomez/
3929615/ ). Times-age.co.nz. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[32] "Selena Gomez & The Scene - A Year Without Rain | album reviews" (http:// www. musicomh. com/ albums/ selena-gomez_0910.htm).
musicOMH. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[33] "Selena Gomez and the Scene: A Year Without Rain Reviews - Portrait Reviews" (http:/ / www.portraitmagazine.net/ reviews/ albums/
ayearwithoutrain. html). Portraitmagazine.net. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[34] "Selena Gomez and the Scene - A Year Without Rain - Review of A Year Without Rain by Selena Gomez and the Scene" (http://top40.
about. com/ od/ albums/ fr/Selena-Gomez-And-The-Scene-A-Year-Without-Rain.htm). Top40.about.com. 2012-04-10. . Retrieved
2012-10-15.
A Year Without Rain
44
[35] Kim Gillespie (2010-11-19). "Album Review: A Year Without Rain - Selena Gomez & The Scene | Wairarapa Entertainment | Events,
Movies and TV Guide for Wairarapa" (http:// www. times-age. co.nz/ news/ album-review-year-without-rain-selena-gomez/1033742/ ).
Times-age.co.nz. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[36] Sendra, Tim (2010-09-21). "A Year Without Rain - Selena Gomez, Selena Gomez & the Scene : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards" (http://
www.allmusic. com/ album/ a-year-without-rain-r1955339/review). AllMusic. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[37] "Previous Album Sales Chart" (http:// www. hitsdailydouble. com/ sales/ archcht.cgi?cht415). HITS Daily Double. 2010-09-27. . Retrieved
2012-10-15.
[38] "Zac Brown Band Bows At No. 1 on Billboard 200" (http:/ / www. billboard.com/ news/
zac-brown-band-bows-at-no-1-on-billboard-1004117424.story?tag=hpfeed#/news/ zac-brown-band-bows-at-no-1-on-billboard-1004117424.
story?tag=hpfeed). Billboard. 2009-09-14. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[39] "australian-charts.com – Hung Medien" (http:/ / www. australian-charts.com/ showitem. asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez+ & + The+Scene&
titel=A+ Year+Without+Rain& cat=a). Australian Recording Industry Association. . Retrieved 2010-10-03.
[40] "Discographie Selena Gomez & The Scene" (http:/ / austriancharts.at/ showinterpret. asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez) (in German).
austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. . Retrieved 2010-10-20.
[41] "Selena Gomez & The Scene - A Year Without Rain" (http://www. ultratop.be/ nl/ showitem.asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez+ & +The+
Scene& titel=A+ Year+Without+Rain& cat=a). ultratop.be. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[42] "Selena Gomez & The Scene - A Year Without Rain" (http://www. ultratop.be/ fr/showitem. asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez+ & + The+
Scene& titel=A+ Year+Without+Rain& cat=a). ultratop.be. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[43] "Canadian Albums" (http:// www. billboard. com/ charts/ canadian-albums#/ charts/ canadian-albums). Billboard. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[44] "Čns Ifpi" (http:// www.ifpicr.cz/ hitparada/ index. php?a=titul&hitparada=14& titul=148399&
sec=e90faa5612e62afb2c9b237820904601). Ifpicr.cz. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[45] Steffen Hung. "Discographie Selena Gomez" (http://lescharts. com/ showinterpret.asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez). lescharts.com. .
Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[46] "Album-Charts: Joe Cocker ist die neue Nummer eins - media control" (http:// www. media-control.de/
album-charts-joe-cocker-ist-die-neue-nummer-eins.html). Media-control.de. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[47] Steffen Hung. "Selena Gomez & The Scene - A Year Without Rain" (http:// greekcharts.com/ showitem. asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez+ &
+ The+Scene& titel=A+Year+ Without+Rain& cat=a). greekcharts.com. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[48] "Archívum - Slágerlisták - MAHASZ - Magyar Hangfelvétel-kiadók Szövetsége" (http:/ / www. mahasz.hu/ ?menu=slagerlistak&
menu2=archivum&lista=top40& ev=2010&het=39& submit_=Keresés). Mahasz.hu. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[49] "GFK Chart-Track" (http:/ / www. chart-track.co. uk/ index. jsp?c=p/ musicvideo/ music/ archive/index_test. jsp& ct=240002& arch=t&
lyr=2010& year=2010& week=40). GFK Chart-Track. . Retrieved 2010-10-12.
[50] FIMI - Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana - Classifiche (http:// www. fimi.it/ classifiche_result_artisti. php?anno=2010&mese=09&
id=336)
[51] "セ レ ー ナ ・ ゴ メ ス の CDア ル バ ム ラ ン キ ン グ 、 セ レ ー ナ ・ ゴ メ ス の プ ロ フ ィ ー ル な ら オ
リ コ ン 芸 能 人 事 典 -ORICON STYLE" (http:// www. oricon.co. jp/ prof/artist/ 458349/ ranking/cd_album/ ). Oricon.co.jp. .
Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[52] (http:// greaves. tv/ amprofon3/Top100.pdf)
[53] Steffen Hung. "Selena Gomez & The Scene - A Year Without Rain" (http:// dutchcharts.nl/ showitem. asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez+& +
The+ Scene& titel=A+ Year+Without+ Rain& cat=a). dutchcharts.nl. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[54] "Discography Selena Gomez & the Scene" (http://charts. org.nz/ showitem.asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez+ & + The+Scene& titel=Kiss+
& + Tell&cat=s). charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. . Retrieved 2010-10-12.
[55] "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLIS - Official Retail Sales Chart" (http:/ / olis.onyx.pl/ listy/ index.asp?idlisty=609& lang=en). OLIS.
2010-09-26. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[56] Steffen Hung. "Selena Gomez & The Scene - A Year Without Rain" (http:// portuguesecharts.com/ showitem. asp?interpret=Selena+
Gomez+& + The+Scene& titel=A+Year+Without+ Rain& cat=a). portuguesecharts.com. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[57] Steffen Hung. "Selena Gomez & The Scene - A Year Without Rain" (http:// spanishcharts. com/ showitem. asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez+
& + The+Scene& titel=A+Year+ Without+Rain& cat=a). spanishcharts.com. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[58] Steffen Hung. "Selena Gomez & The Scene - A Year Without Rain" (http:/ / hitparade. ch/ showitem. asp?interpret=Selena+Gomez+ & +
The+ Scene& titel=A+ Year+Without+ Rain& cat=a). hitparade.ch. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[59] "G-Music 風 雲 榜 (西 洋 榜 )" (http:// www. g-music. com. tw/ GMusicBillboard2. aspx). G-music.com.tw. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[60] "2010-10-16 Top 40 Official UK Albums Archive" (http:/ / www. officialcharts.com/ archive-chart/_/ 3/ 2010-10-16/). Official Charts.
2010-10-16. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[61] "Best of 2010 -Billboard Top 200" (http:// www. billboard.com/ #/ charts-year-end/top-billboard-200?year=2010). Billboard. Nielsen
Business Media, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-12-31.
[62] "Music Charts, Most Popular Music, Music by Genre & Top Music Charts" (http:/ / www. billboard.com/ charts/
charts-year-end?year=2011#/charts-year-end/the-billboard-200?year=2011&begin=61& order=position). Billboard. Prometheus Global
Media. . Retrieved 2011-12-10.
[63] "Certificados - Selena Gomez" (http:/ / abpd. org.br/ certificados_interna.asp?sArtista=Selena Gomez) (in Portuguese). Associação
Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. 2012-10-16. . Retrieved 2012-10-16.
A Year Without Rain
45
[64] "Gold and Platinum Awards" (http:/ / musiccanada. com/ GPSearchResult. aspx?st=& ica=False& sa=Selena Gomez& sl=& smt=0&
sat=-1&ssb=Artist). Musiccanada.com. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[65] Productores Polacos de Audio y Video - Selena Gomez & The Scene (http:// www. zpav.pl/ rankingi/wyroznienia/ zlote/index.php)
ZPAV
[66] "RIAA - Gold & Platinum: Selena Gomez & the Scene - Searchable Database" (http:// www. riaa.com/ goldandplatinumdata.
php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS&action=& title=&artist=selena gomez & format=&debutLP=&category=&sex=&
releaseDate=& requestNo=& type=&level=& label=& company=& certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=& aSex=&
rec_id=&charField=&gold=&platinum=& multiPlat=& level2=& certDate=&album=& id=& after=on&before=on&startMonth=1&
endMonth=8& startYear=2009&endYear=2011&sort=Artist&perPage=25). Recording Industry Association of America. . Retrieved
2010-09-05.
[67] "Year Without Rain PL Wykonawca:Gomez Selena Data ([[Polish language|Polish (http:/ / web.archive.org/ web/ 20100921013442/ http:/
/ www.empik. com/ year-without-rain-pl-gomez-selena,prod58634942,muzyka-p?)])"]. Archived from the original (http:// www. empik.
com/ year-without-rain-pl-gomez-selena,prod58634942,muzyka-p) on 2010-09-21. . Retrieved 2010-09-21.
[68] "A Year W/O Rain: Selena and the Scene Gomez: Amazon.ca: Music" (http:// www. amazon.ca/ dp/ B003YCI1PM/ ). Amazon.ca. .
Retrieved 2010-09-12.
[69] "A Year W/O Rain (Dlx Ed): Selena and the Scene Gomez: Amazon.ca: Music" (http:/ / www. amazon. ca/ dp/ B003Y66MTA/ ).
Amazon.ca. . Retrieved 2010-09-17.
[70] "A Year Without Rain: Selena Gomez & the Scene: Amazon.de: Musik" (http:/ / www. amazon. de/ dp/ B0040JHF6E/ ). Amazon.de. .
Retrieved 2010-10-16.
[71] "A Year Without Rain (Deluxe) (Doppel-CD): Selena Gomez & the Scene: Amazon.de: Musik" (http:/ / www. amazon.de/ dp/
B0040JHF6O/). Amazon.de. . Retrieved 2010-10-16.
[72] "A Year Without Rain: Selena Gomez and the Scene: Music" (http:// www. amazon. com/ dp/ B003YCI1PM/ ). Amazon.com. . Retrieved
2010-09-12.
[73] "A Year Without Rain (Deluxe Edition) (CD+DVD): Selena Gomez and the Scene: Music" (http:/ / www.amazon.com/ dp/
B003Y66MTA/). Amazon.com. . Retrieved 2010-09-17.
[74] "Year Without Rain )(sic): Selena Gomez (CD/DVD)" (http:// www. sanity. com.au/ products/ 2190717/ Year_Without_Rain_CDDVD).
Sanity.com.au. . Retrieved 2010-09-23.
[75] "A Year Without Rain: Selena Gomez (CD + DVD)" (http:/ / www. mixup.com.mx/ mixup/ Product.aspx?sku=50087172596) (in
Spanish). Mixup Music Store. .
[76] "A Year Without Rain: Selena Gomez" (http:/ / fascinationrecords.com/ index.php?id=418). Fascination Records. . Retrieved 2010-09-17.
[77] "A Year Without Rain: Selena Gomez (Brazil release date)" (http:// www. livrariasaraiva.com. br/ produto/3095327/ a-year-without-rain/
?ID=BD7A07337DA091B0B2E1D0377). Saraiva.com.br. . Retrieved 2010-09-30.
[78] "A Year Without Rain (Deluxe Edition) (CD+DVD): Selena Gomez (Brazil release date)" (http:/ / www. livrariasaraiva.com.br/ produto/
3095331/a-year-without-rain-deluxe-edition-cd-dvd/?ID=BD7A07337DA091B0B2E1D0377). Saraiva.com.br. . Retrieved 2010-09-30.
[79] "A Year Without Rain (Deluxe Edition)" (http:// www. rhythmhouse.in/ Detail. aspx?productListing=94948). Rhythmhouse.in.
2010-10-29. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[80] "Selena Gomez Japanese official website" (http:// www.avexnet.or.jp/ selena-gomez/ index. html). Avexnet.or.jp. . Retrieved 2012-10-15.
[81] "一 年 不 下 雨 (CD+DVD影 音 超 值 精 裝 )" (http://shopping. g-music.com. tw/ ECProduct.aspx?ProductID=0050087173166).
g-Shopping. . Retrieved 28 January 2011.
A Year Without Rain (song)
46
A Year Without Rain (song)
"A Year Without Rain"
Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene
from the album A Year Without Rain
Released September 7, 2010
Format Digital download, CD single
Recorded April 2010
Genre Eurodance
Length 3:55
Label Hollywood
Writer(s) Lindy Robbins, Toby Gad
Producer Toby Gad
Selena Gomez & the Scene singles chronology
"Round &
Round"
(2010)
"A Year Without
Rain"
(2010)
"Who
Says"
(2011)
"A Year Without Rain" is a song by American band Selena Gomez & the Scene. It was written by Lindy Robbins
and Toby Gad, with the latter also producing the song. The song was released on September 7, 2010 as the second
and final single from the band's second album of the same name. A Spanish-language version of the song was also
recorded, entitled, "Un Año Sin Lluvia". Gomez titled the album for the song because she wanted to base all the
other songs around it. Musically, the song is a Eurodance ballad with a techno beat. In its lyrics, the song's
protagonist compares yearning for her love to a year without rain.
Music critics gave the song positive reviews, complimenting it as a dance ballad and noting Gomez's vocal maturity.
"A Year Without Rain" became the band's third consecutive top forty single in the United States and Canada. It also
charted in the lower regions of numerous European charts. The song's accompanying music video, directed by Chris
Dooley and shot on-site in Lucerne Valley, California features Gomez frolicking in the desert surrounded by a
swarm of photographs of her and her love interest, before they meet during a rainstorm. The band performed the
song a number of times via live performances, including on televised programs such as Good Morning America, The
Ellen DeGeneres Show, and the 37th Annual People's Choice Awards.
Background and composition
In August 2010, a demo of the song, sung by singer Selin Alexa leaked online.
[1]
Becky Bain of Idolator called the
song a "mature dance track" and said that it "wouldn’t entirely be out of place on a Sophie Ellis-Bextor album."
[1]
In
an interview with MTV News, Gomez said that "A Year Without Rain" was the first song she recorded for the
album.
[2]
She also explained why she named the album for the song, commenting, "I feel like that song has a lot of
meaning, and it also kind of was the start of what I wanted to base all the other songs around."
[2]
A Spanish-language
version of the song titled "Un Año Sin Ver Lluvia" was released through the iTunes Store on October 26, 2010.
[3]
"A Year Without Rain" is a dance ballad,
[4][5]
written by Toby Gad and Lindy Robbins, with a length of three
minutes and fifty-four seconds. It was also produced by Gad.
[6]
Musically, the track uses a standard pop structure
and derives from the genre of Eurodance, backed with a techno beat.
[6][7]
According to sheet music published at
A Year Without Rain (song)
47
Musicnotes.com by EMI Music Publishing, "A Year Without Rain" is set in common time and has a tempo of 120
beats per minute.
[8]
It is written in the key of C Major and follows the chord progression of C–Gm–Dm–F.
[8]
Gomez's vocals in the song span from F
3
to E
5
.
[8]
Lyrically, the song sees Gomez longing for the object of her
affection and compares it to a year without rain: "I need you by my side/ Don't know how I'll survive/A day without
you is like a year without rain."
[6]
According to Megan Vick of Billboard, the sound of the song contrasts with its
"tender" lyrics.
[6]
Reception
Critical reception
Although he called it one of the album's "pensive moments", Bill Lamb of About.com noted the track as one of the
top songs on the album, calling it a "beautiful dance ballad."
[9]
Lamb also said the song shows "Selena Gomez is
clearly growing up as an artist."
[5]
Stating that it showed her "maturation as an artist", Lamb later ranked the song
number thirty-nine on the site's list of "Top 100 Pop Songs of 2010".
[10]
Allmusic's Tim Sendra also named the song
a standout on the album, calling it "catchy" and "well-sung."
[11]
Megan Vick of Billboard said that while Gomez did
not have the vocal power of Demi Lovato, she "makes a strong effort to attack the high notes as she croons the
chorus."
[6]
Vick stated that the song "is compelling enough to separate the singer from other Disney-groomed pop
stars."
[6]
Wairarapa Times-Age writer Kim Gillespie named "A Year Without Rain" one of the album's
highlights.
[12]
David Welsh of musicOMH noted Gomez' mature performance and wrote that the song "reaps
rewards with an impressively heartbroken stab at euro-dance".
[7]
In contrast, The Washington Post critic Allison
Stewart was unfavorable of the lyrical content of the song, commenting that it was "the sort of exercise in teenage
co-dependence...that should be long extinct."
[13]
Chart performance
Propelled by its debut at number fourteen on the Hot Digital Songs chart, "A Year Without Rain" debuted at number
thirty-five on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming the group's third consecutive top forty single.
[14]
It remained on the
chart for four weeks.
[14]
On the week dated January 1, 2011, the song debuted at number thirty-six on the US Hot
Dance Club Play chart.
[15]
It achieved greater success in Canada, peaking at thirty on the Canadian Hot 100.
[]
The
song appeared on numerous European charts, peaking at seventy-eight in the United Kingdom,
[]
fifty-six in
Germany,
[16]
and forty-one in Slovakia.
[]
It also reached number three on the Belgian Flanders Tip chart.
[]
Music video
The music video, directed by Chris Dooley, was shot on location in Lucerne Valley, California.
[17]
It premiered on
September 3, 2010 on Disney Channel, following the premiere of Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam and a sneak peek of
Fish Hooks.
[17][18]
The video starts off with the band driving through the desert in a red convertible. Gomez removes
a photograph from the sun visor, which is subsequently blown away by the wind. The chorus commences as the band
disappears and Gomez steps out of the vehicle and begins to sing. As the video progresses, a multitude of
photographs of her relationship fall from the sky, as Gomez travels elegantly through the desert. During the bridge, it
starts to rain as Gomez spots her love interest (Niko Pepaj) in the distance. The two begin to walk towards each
other, and the video ends as they meet.
Bill Lamb of About.com gave the video a positive review, stating "the video's desert imagery matches the song
perfectly."
[5]
Nadine Cheung of AOL JSYK said "She sings: 'I'm missing you so much / Can't help it, I'm in love / A
day without you is like a year without rain' and that's really what's depicted in a simple and sweet way."
[19]
A Year Without Rain (song)
48
Live performances
The band first performed the song on September 22, 2010 on The Ellen DeGeneres Show.
[20]
The band performed
the song on Good Morning America on September 23, 2010.
[20]
On November 16, 2010, the band performed the
song on Lopez Tonight, and they performed it on Live with Regis and Kelly on December 1, 2010.
[21]
They
performed the song at the 2011 People's Choice Awards on January 5, 2011, and afterwards were awarded the
Choice award for Favorite Breakout Artist.
[22]
Gomez appeared on stage accompanied by low lights and fog.
[22]
Kara Warner of MTV News commented, "Although it wasn't a stadium-rocking performance à la Lady Gaga or Katy
Perry, Gomez powered through her pop song with a sense of earnestness and commitment. She didn't even miss a
beat when her earpiece appeared to fall out mid-song. The song was also performed in We Own The Night Tour "
[22]
Awards and nominations
Year Award Category Work Result
2012 VEVO Certified Certified 100 Million "A Year Without Rain" Won
Formats and track listings
• CD single
[23]
1. "A Year Without Rain" – 3:54
2. "A Year Without Rain" (Starlab Radio Edit) – 3:41
• Digital download
[24]
1. "A Year Without Rain" – 3:55
•• UK Promo CD
1. 1. "A Year Without Rain" - 3:54
2. 2. "A Year Without Rain (Instrumental)" - 3:54
Charts
Chart (2010–11) Peak
position
Belgium (Ultratip Flanders)
[25] 3
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)
[26] 30
Germany (Media Control AG)
[16] 56
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)
[27] 78
US Billboard Hot 100
[14] 35
US Hot Dance Club Songs (Billboard)
[15] 1
A Year Without Rain (song)
49
Certifications
Country Certification
(sales thresholds)
Australia
Gold
[28]
Year-end charts
Chart (2011) Position
US Hot Dance Club Songs (Billboard)
[29] 35
Release history
Region Date Format
Canada
[30] September 7, 2010 Digital download
United States
[31]
Australia
[32] September 17, 2010
Belgium
[33]
Denmark
[34]
Finland
[35]
France
[36]
New Zealand
[24]
Portugal
[37]
Spain
[38]
Sweden
[39]
Switzerland
[40]
Germany
[23] November 12, 2010 CD single
United Kingdom
[41] November 22, 2010
Taiwan October 24, 2010 Digital download
A Year Without Rain (song)
50
References
[1] Bain, Becky. "Selena Gomez Goes "A Year Without Rain" On New Dance Track — Hear A Demo" (http:/ / idolator.com/ 5591471/
selena-gomez-goes-a-year-without-rain-on-new-dance-track). Idolator. Buzzmedia Publishers. . Retrieved 2010-12-27.
[2] Vena, Jocelyn (2010-09-21). "Selena Gomez Says Fans Inspired A Year Without Rain" (http:// www.mtv. com/ news/ articles/ 1648277/
20100920/ gomez__selena. jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks (Viacom). . Retrieved 2010-12-26.
[3] "Un Año Sin Lluvia (Spanish Version) - Single by Selena Gomez & The Scene" (http:/ / itunes. apple. com/ mx/ album/
un-ano-sin-lluvia-spanish/ id398033076). iTunes Store Mexico. Apple Inc. . Retrieved 2011-03-15.
[4] "Single Review: Selena Gomez & The Scene - 'A Year Without Rain'" (http:// unrealityshout.com/ blogs/
single-review-selena-gomez-the-scene-a-year-without-rain). Unreality Shout. November 22, 2010. . Retrieved 2012-06-08.
[5] Lamb, Bill (2010-09-06). "Selena Gomez "A Year Without Rain" Video Introduces Elegant Dance Ballad" (http:/ / top40.about.com/ b/
2010/09/ 06/ selena-gomez-a-year-without-rain-video-introduces-elegant-dance-ballad.htm). About.com. The New York Times Company. .
Retrieved 2010-12-27.
[6] Vick, Megan (2010-10-01). "Selena Gomez & The Scene, "A Year Without Rain"" (http:/ /www. billboard.com/ #/ new-releases/
selena-gomez-the-scene-a-year-without-rain-1004118711.story). Billboard. New York City: Prometheus Global Media. . Retrieved
2010-12-26.
[7] Welsh, David. "Selena Gomez & The Scene – A Year Without Rain" (http:// www. musicomh.com/albums/ selena-gomez_0910.htm).
musicOMH. . Retrieved 2011-11-13.
[8] "Selena Gomez - A Year Without Rain - Sheet Music". Musicnotes.com. Alfred Publishing.
[9] Lamb, Bill. "Selena Gomez and the Scene - A Year Without Rain" (http:/ / top40.about. com/ od/ albums/ fr/
Selena-Gomez-And-The-Scene-A-Year-Without-Rain. htm). About.com. The New York Times Company. . Retrieved 2010-12-26.
[10] Lamb, Bill. "Top 100 Pop Songs of 2010 - List of the 100 Best Songs of the Year" (http:// top40.about.com/ od/ top10lists/ tp/
top100songs2010. 01. htm). About.com. The New York Times Company. . Retrieved 2010-12-31.
[11] Sendra, Tim. "A Year Without Rain - Selena Gomez & the Scene" (http:/ / www. allmusic. com/ album/ a-year-without-rain-r1955339/
review). Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. . Retrieved 2010-12-26.
[12] Gillespie, Kim (2010-11-19). "Album Review: A Year Without Rain – Selena Gomez & The Scene" (http:/ / www.times-age. co. nz/ news/
album-review-year-without-rain-selena-gomez/ 1033742/). Wairarapa Times-Age. APN News & Media. . Retrieved 2011-11-13.
[13] Stewart, Allison (2010-09-21). "Album review: Selena Gomez, "A Year Without Rain"" (http:// blog.washingtonpost. com/ clicktrack/
2010/09/ album_review_selena_gomez_a_ye. html). The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. . Retrieved 2010-12-26.
[14] "[[Category:Articles using BillboardID (http:/ /www. billboard.com/ #/ artist/ Selena+ Gomez/ chart-history/1011432)]?f=379&g=Singles
Selena Gomez Album & Song Chart History"] Billboard Hot 100 for Selena Gomez. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
[15] "[[Category:Articles using BillboardID (http://www. billboard.com/ #/ artist/ Selena+ Gomez/ chart-history/1011432)]?f=359&g=Singles
Selena Gomez Album & Song Chart History"] Billboard Hot Dance/Club Play for Selena Gomez. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved
2010-12-26.
[16] " Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche,
Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche – musicline.de" (http:// musicline.de/ de/ chartverfolgung_summary/title/ Gomez,+ Selena+& +
The+Scene/ A+ Year+Without+Rain+ (2-track)/single) (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
[17] "Disney Channel to Present Premiere of Selena Gomez & The Scene's Music Video "A Year Without Rain," Friday, September 3" (http:/ /
tvbythenumbers.zap2it. com/ 2010/ 08/ 27/
disney-channel-to-present-premiere-of-selena-gomez-the-scenes-music-video-a-year-without-rain-friday-september-3/61274/ ) (Press
release). Disney Channel. 2010-08-27. . Retrieved 2011-11-13.
[18] Vena, Jocelyn. "Selena Gomez's 'A Year Without Rain' Video Premieres September 3" (http://www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/ 1646535/
20100826/ gomez__selena. jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks (Viacom). . Retrieved 2010-12-27.
[19] Cheung, Nadine (2010-09-06). "Selena Gomez Gets Soaked In Her 'A Year Without Rain' Video" (http:/ / www. jsyk. com/ 2010/ 09/ 06/
selena-gomez-gets-soaked-in-her-a-year-without-rain-video/ ). AOL JSYK. AOL. . Retrieved 2010-12-27.
[20] Rosario, Mariela (2010-09-21). "Selena Gomez's New Album "A Year Without Rain" Drops Today!" (http:// www. latina. com/
entertainment/ music/ selena-gomezs-new-album-year-without-rain-drops-today). Latina. Latina Media Ventures. . Retrieved 2011-03-15.
[21] "Selena Gomez Really Has Had a Year Without Rain" (http:/ / www. lopeztonight.com/ episode_recaps_and_highlights/
selena_gomez_sings.php). Lopeztonight.com. Turner Broadcasting System. .
[22] Warner, Kara (2011-01-05). "Selena Gomez Wows People's Choice Awards With 'A Year Without Rain'" (http:// www. mtv.com/ news/
articles/1655377/ selena-gomez-peoples-choice-awards.jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks (Viacom). . Retrieved 2011-03-15.
[23] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Germany)" (http:/ / www. amazon.de/ dp/ B0048IDRAK) (in German).
Amazon.de. . Retrieved 2010-10-24.
[24] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (New Zealand)" (http:// itunes. apple.com/ nz/ album/ a-year-without-rain/
id390870569?i=390870584& ign-mpt=uo=4). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[25] " Ultratop.be – Selena Gomez & The Scene – A Year Without Rain" (http:// www. ultratop.be/ nl/ showitem. asp?interpret=Selena+
Gomez+ & + The+Scene& titel=A+ Year+Without+Rain& cat=s) (in Dutch). Ultratip. ULTRATOP & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch.
[26] "[[Category:Articles using BillboardID (http://www. billboard.com/ #/ artist/ Selena+ Gomez+& + The+Scene/ chart-history/
1011432)]?f=793&g=Singles Selena Gomez & The Scene Album & Song Chart History"] Canadian Hot 100 for Selena Gomez & The Scene.
A Year Without Rain (song)
51
Prometheus Global Media.
[27] " Chart Stats – Selena Gomez & The Scene – A Year Without Rain" (http:/ / www.chartarchive.org/r/ 35226) UK Singles Chart. Chart
Stats. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
[28] "ARIA Charts - Accreditations - 2011 Singles" (http:// www. aria.com. au/ pages/ httpwww. aria.com.aupageshttpwww. aria.com.
auSINGLEaccreds2011.htm). Australian Recording Industry Association. . Retrieved 2011-08-25.
[29] "Best of 2011: Dance/Club Songs (31–40)" (http:// www.billboard. com/ #/ charts-year-end/hot-dance-club-play-songs?year=2011&
begin=31& order=position). Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. . Retrieved May 1, 2012.
[30] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Canada)" (http:// itunes. apple.com/ca/ album/ a-year-without-rain/
id387935992?i=387936000& ign-mpt=uo=2). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[31] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene" (http:// itunes. apple. com/ us/ album/ a-year-without-rain-single/
id387935992). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[32] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Australia)" (http:/ / itunes. apple. com/ au/ album/ a-year-without-rain/
id390870569?i=390870584& ign-mpt=uo=4). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[33] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Belgium)" (http:// itunes. apple.com/ be/ album/ a-year-without-rain/
id390870569?i=390870584& ign-mpt=uo=4). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[34] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Denmark)" (http:// itunes.apple. com/ dk/ album/ a-year-without-rain/
id390870569?i=390870584& ign-mpt=uo=4). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[35] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Finland)" (http:// itunes. apple.com/ fi/album/ a-year-without-rain/
id390870569?i=390870584& ign-mpt=uo=4). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[36] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (France)" (http:// itunes. apple.com/ fr/album/ a-year-without-rain/
id390870569?i=390870584& ign-mpt=uo=4). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-28.
[37] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Portugal)" (http:// itunes. apple. com/ pt/ album/ a-year-without-rain/
id390870569?i=390870584& ign-mpt=uo=4). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[38] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Spain)" (http:// itunes. apple. com/ se/ album/ a-year-without-rain-single/
id390870569). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[39] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Sweden)" (http:/ / itunes. apple.com/ es/ album/ a-year-without-rain/
id390870569?i=390870584& ign-mpt=uo=4). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[40] "A Year Without Rain - Single by Selena Gomez & the Scene (Switzerland)" (http:// itunes.apple. com/ ch/ album/ a-year-without-rain/
id390870569?i=390870584& ign-mpt=uo=4). iTunes. Apple, Inc. . Retrieved 2010-09-19.
[41] "A Year Without Rain: Selena Gomez" (http:// www. amazon.co. uk/ dp/ B0048IDRAK/ ). Amazon.co.uk. . Retrieved 2011-11-13.
A Year Without Rain Tour
52
A Year Without Rain Tour
A Year Without Rain Tour
Promotional ad for the Santiago performance
Tour by Selena Gomez & the Scene
Associated album A Year Without Rain
Start date October 20, 2010
End date May 14, 2011
Legs 3
Shows 1 in Europe
15 in North America
2 in South America
18 Total
Selena Gomez & the Scene tour chronology
Selena Gomez & the Scene: Live in
Concert
(2009-10)
A Year Without Rain
Tour
(2010-11)
We Own the Night
Tour
(2011-12)
The A Year Without Rain Tour is the second concert mini-tour by American band Selena Gomez & the Scene.
Marked as the band's headlining tour, it supported their second studio album, A Year Without Rain.
Background
Selena Gomez performing
Previously, the band tour the United States and Europe playing at state
fairs and music festivals with a few headlining concerts thrown in. The
tour became a major success with critics and spectators alike, selling
out many dates within the United States. After the release of their
second studio album, the band toured alongside Katy Perry, Bruno
Mars and Enrique Iglesias for the KIIS-FM Jingle Ball concert
series.
[1]
Gomez remarked her excitement for the tour and stated that it
provided motivation to plan a "big" tour for 2011.
[2]
During a
backstage interview, Gomez remarked that she was conceptualizing the
tour as far as stage and production and promised an amazing show with
an "epic" stage for 2011.
[3]
The tour was officially announced on the band's official website in September 2010 to
begin in London. The band played their first dates in South America before heading to the United States to perform
in festivals.
A Year Without Rain Tour
53
Opening act
•• Allstar Weekend
• Days Difference (Dixon)
[4]
•• Christina Grimmie
Tour dates
Date City Country Venue
Europe
[5]
October 20, 2010 London England HMV Hammersmith Apollo
North America
[6][7]
October 23, 2010
[A] Las Vegas United States Theatre for the Performing Arts
October 24, 2010
[B] Phoenix Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum
November 6, 2010 Columbus Celeste Center
November 26, 2010 Grand Prairie Verizon Theater at Grand Prairie
November 27, 2010 Tulsa Brady Theater
December 5, 2010
[C] Los Angeles Nokia Theatre L.A. Live
December 6, 2010
[C] Minneapolis Target Center
December 8, 2010
[C] Camden Susquehanna Bank Center
December 9, 2010
[C] Lowell Tsongas Center
December 10, 2010
[C] New York City Madison Square Garden
January 23, 2011 San Juan Puerto Rico José Miguel Agrelot Coliseum
South America
[6]
February 2, 2011 Santiago Chile Movistar Arena
February 4, 2011 Buenos Aires Argentina Sede Jorge Newberry
North America
[6]
March 5, 2011
[D] Hidalgo United States State Farm Arena
March 6, 2011
[E] Houston Reliant Stadium
March 20, 2011
[F] Los Angeles Gibson Amphitheatre
May 7, 2011
[G] Dixon Dixon Fairground Grandstand
May 14, 2011
[H] Los Angeles Staples Center
Festivals and other miscellaneous performances
A
 This concert was a part of the Justin Timberlake Shriners Hospitals for Children Open
[8]
B
 This concert was a part of the Arizona State Fair
[9]
C
 These concerts were a part of the Jingle Ball
[10]
D
 This concert is a part of Borderfest
[11]
A Year Without Rain Tour
54
E
 This concert is a part of Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo
[12]
F
 This concert is a part of Concert for Hope
[13]
G
 This concert is a part of the Dixon May Fair
[14]
H
 This concert is a part of Wango Tango
[15]
Box office score data
Venue City Tickets Sold / Available Gross Revenue
Verizon Theater at Grand Prairie Grand Prairie 5,472 / 5,914 (92%)
$196,072
[16]
José Miguel Agrelot Coliseum San Juan 4,893 / 4,996 (98%)
$438,595
[17]
References
[1] Carter, Lauren (10 December 2010). "Pop-happy Jingle Ball rocks" (http:// news. bostonherald.com/ entertainment/music/ general/view/
20101210pop-happy_jingle_ball_rocks/ srvc=home& position=also). Boston Herald. Herald Media Inc.. . Retrieved 5 January 2011.
[2] "Selena Gomez Planning 2011 Headline Tour" (http:// www. omgmusic. com/ news/ selena-gomez-planning-2011-headline-tour). OMG
Music. 12 December 2010. . Retrieved 5 January 2011.
[3] Gomez, Selena. Selena Gomez backstage with JJ (http:/ / www. z100.com/ common/ kyte/ medialink.php?uri=channels/ 449656/ 1106113).
New York City: WHTZ. Event occurs at 2:09. . Retrieved 05 January 2011.
[4] "Dixon May Fair to host entertainers Trace Adkins, Selena Gomez" (http:/ /www. thereporter.com/ ci_17181205?source=most_viewed). The
Reporter. Media News Group. 24 January 2011. . Retrieved 27 January 2011.
[5] Stickler, Jon. "SELENA GOMEZ RETURNS TO UK FOR OCTOBER LONDON SHOW & TICKETS" (http:// www. stereoboard.com/
content/ view/ 161460/ 121). Stereoboard. . Retrieved 3 January 2011.
[6] "Tour Dates" (http:/ / selenagomez. com/ tour-dates). Selena Gomez's Official Website. Universal Music Group. . Retrieved 5 January 2011.
[7] Willis, Donna (27 July 2010). "Selena Gomez' Ohio State Fair Show Rescheduled" (http:/ / www2. nbc4i.com/ entertainment/2010/ jul/ 27/
selena-gomez-ohio-state-fair-show-rescheduled-ar-167219/). WCMH-TV. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC. . Retrieved 3
January 2011.
[8] Evans, Rob (19 August 2010). "Justin Timberlake's Shriners benefit to feature Christina Aguilera, more" (http:// www.soundspike. com/
news/ article/ 502-justin_timberlake_news_justin_timberlake_s_shriners_benefit_to_feature.html). SoundSpike. . Retrieved 3 January 2011.
[9] Burch, Catherine E. (16 September 2010). "Selena Gomez, Jason Derülo among stars on State Fair series" (http:/ / azstarnet. com/
entertainment/ blogs/ caliente-tuned-in/article_008887dc-c1e3-11df-9ec8-001cc4c03286.html). Arizona Daily Star. Lee Enterprises. .
Retrieved 3 January 2011.
[10] Vena, Jocelyn (11 December 2010). "Justin Bieber, Selena Gomez, Katy Perry Rock Z100's Jingle Ball" (http:/ / www. mtv.com/ news/
articles/1654075/ 20101211/ bieber_justin. jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks. . Retrieved 3 January 2011.
[11] Smith, Amy Nichol (2 December 2010). "Selena Gomez slated to play at Borderfest" (http:// www. themonitor.com/ articles/
gomez-44984-borderfest-selena.html). The Monitor. Freedom Communications. . Retrieved 5 January 2011.
[12] Gray, Chris (27 October 2010). "Rodeo 2011: Sugarland, Zac Brown Band, Selena Gomez..." (http:// blogs. houstonpress. com/ rocks/
2010/10/ sugarland_zac_brown_band_selen. php). Houston Press. Village Voice Media. . Retrieved 5 January 2011.
[13] "Selena Gomez to Headline Benefit Concert for City of Hope with a Special Performance by Jonas Brothers, Plus Allstar Weekend" (http:/ /
www.businesswire. com/ news/ home/ 20110112005310/ en/ Selena-Gomez-Headline-Benefit-Concert-City-Hope) (Press release). Business
Wire. 12 January 2010. . Retrieved 2011-01-19.
[14] Staff Writer (16 March 2011). "May Fair touts top concert lineup with Adkins, Gomez" (http:/ / www. thereporter.com/ entertainment/
ci_17624488). The Reporter. Media News Group. . Retrieved 20 March 2011.
[15] Dinh, James (28 March 2011). "Britney Spears, Ryan Seacrest To Host Wango Tango Festival" (http://www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/
1660770/ britney-spears-ryan-seacrest-wango-tango.jhtml). MTV News. MTV Networks. . Retrieved 30 March 2011.
[16] "Billboard Boxscore - Current Scores" (http:// www. webcitation.org/ 63FLQ5kuE). Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 26 November
2011. Archived from the original (http:// www. billboard.biz/ bbbiz/ charts/ currentboxscore.jsp) on 26 November 2011. . Retrieved 26
November 2011.
[17] "Billboard Boxscore" (http:/ / www. billboard. biz/ bbbiz/ charts/ currentboxscore.jsp). Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 2011-02-12. .
Retrieved 2011-02-05.
A Year Without Rain Tour
55
External links
• Selena Gomez & the Scene's Official Website (http:// selenagomez. com/ )
• Selena Gomez & the Scene's Official Facebook Profile (http:// www. facebook.com/ Selena)
• Selena Gomez & the Scene's Official Twitter (http:/ /twitter.com/ selenagomez)
• Selena Gomez & the Scene's Official YouTube Page (http:/ / www. youtube.com/ selenagomezvevo)
Alex Russo
56
Alex Russo
Alex Russo
Wizards of Waverly Place character
First appearance "Crazy 10-Minute Sale"
1x01, October 12, 2007
Last appearance "The Wizards Return: Alex vs Alex"
(2013 special)
Created by Todd J. Greenwald
Portrayed by Selena Gomez
Information
Nickname(s) Alex
(by everyone)
Lexie
(by her maternal grandmother)
Russo
(by Dean)
Brown Eyes, Little Meatball, Love
(by Mason)
Moxie Finkle
(herself and the Finkles)
Gender Female
Occupation Waitress
(at the Waverly Sub Station)
Tribeca Prep Student
(graduated; seasons 1 - 4)
Wizards Delinquent Teacher's Assistant
(season 4)
Russo Family Wizard
(series finale-onwards)
Family Jerry Russo (father)
Theresa Russo (mother)
Justin Russo (brother)
Max Russo (brother)
Significant other(s) Riley (season 1)
Dean Moriarty (season 2)
Mason Greyback (seasons 3-present)
Relatives Hank Russo (paternal grandfather)
Rose Russo (paternal grandmother)
Kelbo Russo (paternal uncle)
Megan Brooke Russo (paternal aunt)
Trevor, Graeme and Kim Russo (paternal cousins; all
male)
Magdelena Larkin (maternal grandmother)
Ernesto Larkin (maternal uncle)
Janieve Larkin (maternal uncle)
Alexandra Margarita "Alex" Russo
[1]
is the main protagonist of the Disney Channel sitcom Wizards of Waverly
Place, portrayed by Selena Gomez.
[2]
As the middle child and only daughter, she is sly, outgoing, and sometimes
rude to her family and friends. Alex usually underachieves when it comes to school and wizard training. She often
Alex Russo
57
gets into trouble because of her constant schemes (usually involving magic).
Alex is smart but not hardworking, much to the dismay of her older brother, Justin. Alex became a full wizard in
Wizards of Waverly Place: The Movie but later makes a wish through the Stone of Dreams to turn back time which,
in turn, made her a student again. In the series finale when Justin wins, he reveals that Alex would have won but she
helped him because he got stuck. Alex then becomes the Russo family wizard, keeping her powers, as does Justin for
becoming the new Headmaster of WizTech.
In 2008, despite the character being classified as a wizard in all official material, AOL named her the twentieth
greatest witch in television history.
[3]
Selena Gomez, who portrays Alex, is one of the only two cast members to
appear in every single episode of the series to date; the only other cast member to do so is David Henrie, who
portrays Justin Russo. The character has also appeared in The Suite Life on Deck episode, Double Crossed.
History
Alex was born in 1992 in New York City in Cab #804. Alex is of Mexican on her mother's side and Italian on her
father's side. She spreads her roots by celebrating a Quinceñara for her fifteenth birthday. In the series, she is very
clueless and cute when it comes to magic and performing spells, and Justin is always there to help her out. In "Get
Along, Little Zombie", she can speak "zomb-ish" and explains that every wizard learns it when they are little. As the
show goes on, she becomes more mature and more wizardly trained. She even proved to do remarkable things with
the world, mostly in Season 4. She saved the wizard world from Angels of the Darkness in "Wizards vs. Angels",
where she wins a Wizard of the Year Award of 2011. She defeats Gorog in "Wizards vs. Everything" with the help
of her brothers. She even saves the world from an asteroid in "Wizards vs. Asteroid". Despite her achievements,
there have been several slips, like exposing the wizard world in "Alex Tells the World" during a test and gets
bumped down from Level 3 to Level 1 in the wizard competition, along with Justin. In Wizards of Waverly Place:
The Movie, Alex and Justin are prematurely forced to do the full wizard competition and Alex wins, but in order to
save her brothers and her family, she uses the Stone of Dreams and she gives up her powers, so it can go back to the
way things are. Things do go back to the way they were before she did the spell. And everything goes back to
normal, though, Alex has a stronger relationship with her mother, and brothers. Justin says that next time the
Wizard's Competition comes around, he won't be easy on her.
Personality
Alex is the middle and the only female child of the Russos. She often argues and insults her older brother, Justin
Russo, though it is later revealed that she does so because she admires him and wishes to be like him. She is kind and
smart. It is later revealed that the reason that she acts mean is simply because she wants to be liked and actually fears
being hated. She can be rude to her family sometimes but at the end, everything goes alright. Alex also loves to be
the center of attention.
Alex can be very sneaky and tricky.
[4]
Her best friend since childhood is Harper Finkle (Jennifer Stone), who mostly
tries to keep her out of trouble, and is also her voice of wisdom. Alex later says that Harper is like a sister to her.
Though Alex likes tormenting Justin, the two share a close bond that neither seem to have with any other character
on the show. Alex often uses magic to solve her problems, which frequently ends up causing more problems than she
began with. Alex underachieves when it comes to high school, however, she excels greatly at Art. Art is her favorite
school subject and is pretty much the only class she takes seriously, being the best in it, and even being the co-art
teacher at one point.
[5][6]
Alex and Justin act as foils, as the two are near-polar opposites; Justin is responsible and fair in judgment, though
easily insecure at Alex's great magical feats. Alex is lazy, carefree, sarcastic, stubborn, and biased when it comes to
herself or others. She feels insecure when seeing Justin accomplish much with his hard work and responsibility. In
the film, Alex says that Justin was everything she ever wanted to be while Justin responds, saying that he is jealous
Alex Russo
58
of how everything comes easy to her, especially magic, which is why he strives so hard to be perfect.
Positive qualities
Despite her flaws, Alex is far from heartless and has numerous instances of generosity, loyalty, and compassion. Her
actions and pranks are typically free of any malice. She deeply cares for Harper, going as far as to reveal her secret to
her in "Harper Knows" out of guilt for lying. She also loves Justin dearly despite their constant antagonism. Alex
feels remorse and guilt for her actions and has apologized and taken responsibility for them. At times, she often goes
out of her way to set things right whenever her disregard for the consequences directly affect her friends and/or
family. Though these instances are rare, Alex does occasionally use magic with good intentions. Alex has a strong
sense of justice and hates "fake" people. In Season 3, Alex is rarely the source of magical problems, instead often
being the one to solve them, though she is still always the first to blame when magic causes a situation to go
haywire. Alex later begins dating Mason (Gregg Sulkin), a werewolf she falls in love with. She quits the wizard
competition and becomes mortal after deciding that there is no way she could win. However, this action puts her
relationship with Mason against wizard law, since she is a mortal and he is not. Therefore, Alex decides not to give
up the competition so that she and Mason can be together. Alex is named Wizard of the Year for saving the wizard
world from the angels of darkness, which also puts her back in the wizard competition. When a misunderstanding
ensues between Mason and Alex, Mason crashes Alex's "Wizard of the Year" party, after which Alex decides that
she and Mason "need a break." After Mason saves her from becoming trapped in the Bermuda Triangle however, she
realizes that they can't stay apart and the couple get back together.
In the end of the series, during the Family Wizard Competition, Alex takes the lead in the final round of the
competition. However, in second place, Justin gets trapped in a tangle of tree roots. Not wanting to win the
competition unfairly, Alex turns back to save him. While Justin crosses the finish line first, he in turn tells Professor
Crumbs that Alex turned back to save him and that he does not deserve to win. By clearing himself of the guilt,
Justin gives the title of 'Family Wizard' to Alex.
Education
Shown in the series, Alex attended Tribeca Prep from ninth to twelfth grade and graduated in June 2011, although
she almost repeated her senior year until she tricked Mr. Laritate into giving her straight A's and near perfect
attendance. It is unknown what schools she previously went to, but she apparently went to school in the same area,
because she has been enemies with Gigi Hollingsworth since kindergarten when she "spilled juice all over her cot
and told everyone she had an accident." She hasn't been seen since "Graphic Novel" so they probably never spoke
after that. Max is seen in Tribeca Prep before he started high school, so it is possible that the elementary, middle, and
high school are all connected. Mr. Laritate is the principal, and he admits that he doesn't really have a college degree.
It is shown that Harper was pretty much Alex's only friend at school. Most of Alex's relationships are from Tribeca
Prep, including Mason, Dean, and Riley. She apparently isn't attending college, although in "Wizards vs. Asteroid,
she said she was going to a better school than Harper. Justin never mentioned college either, and Max is currently a
sophomore at Tribeca Prep. Harper most likely never went as well. It was probably better off anyways, since Alex
and Justin are full wizards, also Justin being headmaster at WizTech.
Appearance
Alex has dark brown hair. Alex constantly switches between long and short hair, layered and not-layered, and
straight, curly and wavy hair, throughout the series. In the first episode of season 1, her hair is long and straight and
she wears her bangs back with a clip. Sometimes, Alex's bangs are clipped to one side of her head, or are let loose.
When it is short, Alex's hair is curly and she does not have bangs or wears her hair completely straight. Alex is
always seen wearing mascara and eye shadow, with a touch of lipstick/lip-gloss. Her usual wardrobe always consists
of many colors and patterns. She is almost always seen wearing tights with skirts or long shirts. Later on in the
Alex Russo
59
series, Alex starts to wear dresses and tank tops. There is sometimes lettering on her shirts, like the orange shirt she
wore on Halloween that had the word 'Costume' printed on the front. Alex often wears jeans, throughout the last 2
seasons usually with a loose shirt/blouse or a T-shirt. At the beginning of Wizards of Waverly Place, she was seen
wearing high tops with her outfits, but later began wearing boots (sometimes high heeled), slippers, and sandals.
Alex accessorizes with chunky bracelets, long necklaces and dangly earrings. Every time she wears a type of boots,
she slips her blue wand in the side of one of her boots. The young wizard never settles on a style, as she constantly
changes. In a 'behind the scenes' video, Selena pointed out how Alex always had (and still does occasionally) a peace
sign somewhere on her outfits in Season 2. "It would either be on my earrings, my rings, my scarves, my pants or
whatever." said Selena.
Powers
Basic Powers:
• Spellcasting: Alex is a mistress in the art of casting spells to cause all kinds of magic effects
• Enchantment: Alex can place enchantments to gain temporary powers or activate powers.
• Power of Three: The powers of the Russo siblings together allow them to enhance the above listed powers.
• Spell Improvision: Alex knows how to create or use spells in the exact moments she needs.
• Use of Magical Objects: Alex can use magical objects to counter-effects places where normally her powers would
be weakned, such as the Guardian Angels Wings to fly to the Dark Angels HQ or the Bermuda Shorts to
neutralize the magnetic forces of Bermuda Triangle.
• Elemental Affinity: Alex has a natural affinity for the magic of the four classic elements as she could use
element-based spells in the premature Wizard Competition.
• Creation of Alternative Realities: If in possession of powerful artifacts such as the family wand, Alex can create
alternative timelines.
• Family Wizard Capabilities: Being the Russo Family Wizard, Alex's magical capabilities have been greatly
enhanced.
Vulnerabilities
Despite her skills in wizardry and magic, Alex is far from invincible:
• Plastic: Like other wizards, Alex spells are useless against plastic.
• No wand: When Alex has no wand, her powers are a lot weaker. She can still perform magic, but just not as
strong. For example, when trying to persuade her mother into making her go to a party with wandless magic, her
mother quickly resists. She then groans, saying it didn't have "enough juice."
Relationships
Family
Alex lives with Jerry Russo (her father), Theresa Russo (her mother), Justin Russo (her older brother), and Max
Russo (her younger brother). Theresa is a kind and caring mother, but Alex sometimes thinks she is too strict, and
wants to ruin Alex's life. Alex has always connected well with Jerry, who does not think of her as much of a pain as
Theresa does. Justin is the exact opposite of Alex in many ways so they don't get along with each other in many
ways. Since Max is crazy and creative like his older sister, she and him do not "clash" as much. It has happened
many times in the show that Alex has gotten tired and annoyed of her family. In the end, though, she always ends up
realizing that she actually loves her family a lot.
Alex Russo
60
Friends
Harper Finkle is Alex's best friend, and is almost like a sister to her. Harper runs wild when it comes to fashion
sense, as she always makes her outfits "unique". Alex turns to Harper in times of trouble and when she has to take
important decisions. Harper always cares and watches out for Alex (which is obvious), even though Alex also cares
deeply for her yet she doesn't show it as often. The two friends fight sometimes but always patch up again. Harper
feels sad and jealous when Alex befriends Stevie, another young wizard. Of course, Alex later learns that Stevie
plans to use her in an evil scheme and apologizes to Harper. When Harper tries to befriend Gigi, a bratty girl who
plans to make fun of Harper at her party, Alex tries to stop her since Alex knows Gigi's plan. Harper, oblivious to the
fact that Gigi is merely using her, ignores Alex's pleas and thinks that Alex is jealous. Alex saves Harper just in time,
though, and Gigi's plan backfires.
Alex's love interests
• Brad Sherwood (Shane Lyons, season 1-2). In "Potion Commotion", Alex tries to get Brad to like her with a love
potion, but she accidentally drinks both halves of the potion and falls in love with herself.
• Riley (Brian Kubach, season 1). Term: first seen in "I Almost Drowned in a Chocolate Fountain", where he and
Alex went on a so-called 'date'. Alex got Riley to believe that she was his good luck charm in baseball, and
charmed the ball so his team would win each time. They break up in "Alex's Spring Fling".
• Manny Quin (Matt Smith, season 1) – A male mannequin that Alex used magic on to bring it to life, and briefly
dated to make Riley jealous.
• Dean Moriarty (Daniel Samonas, season 4-6). Term: first seen in "Smarty Pants", last seen in "Journey To The
Center Of Mason". They start dating and shared their first kiss in "Alex's Brother, Maximan" but Dean later
moves away to Ohio. He returns in "Wizards vs. Vampires: Dream Date" (Alex was using magic to control his
dreams to go on dates with him). They broke up because Dean wasn't acting as romantic as he was in the dreams
Alex was controlling. When they broke up, he seemed all right with it; but when Alex went into another dream
and let Dean control it, he says he only covered up the fact that he was hurt. Dean returns in the episode, "Journey
To The Center Of Mason" to try to get back together with Alex but she says she is in love with Mason and Dean
leaves.
• Ronald Longcape, Jr. (Chad Duell, season 7-8 seen in "Saving WizTech". Alex liked Ronald when they met, but
she was still in a relationship with Dean. Ronald then shape-shifted into Dean (he froze the real Dean inside
gelatin). Ronald used her as part of his evil plan to take over WizTech, but his plan was foiled by Alex's love for
Dean.
• George (Austin Butler, season 22) - the school's band leader in "Positive Alex". Alex uses a spell to be positive so
he will like her but she starts cheering for the opposing team.
• Mason Greyback (Gregg Sulkin, season 3-4 onwards) – longest term, current term; first mentioned in season 2
episode " Future Harper" and first seen in "Alex Charms a Boy". In "Future Harper", Harper from the future asked
Alex if Mason has already broken up with her, but Alex had not met him yet. Mason turns out to be a transfer
student from England. After it is revealed that he is a werewolf, Mason gives Alex a magical necklace that glows
when the wearer is in love with whomever put it on them. After helping Justin rescue Juliet, it is revealed that
Mason had known Juliet for 300 years and back then, they had dated. Harper later says that Mason is Alex's
longest relationship. Alex and Mason break up after Mason causes havoc at Alex's "Wizard of the Year"
ceremony. He becomes her neighbor when she and Harper move into a fake wizard apartment created by the
Angels Of Darkness . When he saves her, he and Alex get back together. He and Alex are still together at the end
of the show, in "Who Will Be the Family Wizard?, " the series finale of the show.
• Chase Riprock (Nick Roux, season 4)-18. An undefeated beast-tamer who flirts with Alex. In "Wizard of the
Year" Chase comes to congratulate Alex on her achievement. At the Wizard of the Year ceremony, Chase and
Alex sit together. When Mason shows up, he and Chase begin to fight, due to which Alex and Mason break up in
Alex Russo
61
the first place.
• Zack Martin (Dylan Sprouse, season 18 suite life on deck) - In a special episode Alex comes on the SS Tipton
and meets said student and employee. He immediately has a crush on her but she doesn't return the feelings. This
episode is directly followed by a special Suite Life episode where she plays a prank. She then attempts to frame
Zack for it. This is easy as he is also a prankster and is well known as one by the ship's manager. At the end when
she is revealed as the culprit she shows romantic interest back to Zack but is dragged away by Justin for
punishment before anything can happen. Nothing is ever shown or mentioned of this relationship in any of the
shows again.
References
[1] Wizards of Waverly Place episode: "Quinceañera"
[2] Wizards of Waverly Place episode: "The Crazy 10 Minute Sale"
[3] "AOL – Top TV Witches" (http:// television. aol. com/ photos/ tv-witches). .
[4] Wizards of Waverly Place episode: "First Kiss"
[5] Wizards of Waverly Place episode: "Art Teacher"
[6] Wizards of Waverly Place episode: "Paint By Committee"
External links
• Alex Russo (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ character/ch0033410/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
Another Cinderella Story
Another Cinderella Story
Directed by Damon Santostefano
Produced by Dylan Sellers
Damon Santostefano
Clifford Werber
Neal Dodson
Chris Foss
Michelle Johnston
Written by Erik Patterson
Jessica Scott
Starring Selena Gomez
Drew Seeley
Jane Lynch
Emily Perkins
Katharine Isabelle
Jessica Parker Kennedy
Marcus T. Paulk
Nicole LaPlaca
Music by John Paesano
Greg Cham
Aragorn Wiederhold
Cinematography Jon Joffin
Editing by Tony Lombardo
Studio CS2 Films
Dylan Sellers Productions
Another Cinderella Story
62
Distributed by Warner Premiere
Release date(s) September 16, 2008
Running time 88 min.
Country Canada
United States
Language English
Another Cinderella Story is a 2008 romantic comedy directed by Damon Santostefano and starring Selena Gomez
and Drew Seeley. The film was released direct-to-DVD by Warner Premiere on September 16, 2008.
[1]
It was
released on DVD in the UK on October 27, 2008.
[2]
It is a thematic sequel to the 2004 film A Cinderella Story,
reprising the same themes and situations but not containing any characters from the earlier movie.
The movie was shot in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada throughout January 2008,
[3]
and was ranked as the
number one cable movie in several key demographics when aired on the ABC Family on January 18, 2009. The
soundtrack reached number eight on Billboard's soundtrack chart, with one single charting at position 58 on the
Billboard Hot 100. It won the 2010 Writers Guild of America Award for Children's script-long form or special.
[4]
The film occasionally airs on Disney Channel.
Plot
This movie is a retelling of the Cinderella fairy tale in a modern setting, with Mary Santiago (Selena Gomez), a high
school student with ambitions of becoming a dancer, taking the role of Cinderella; Tami (Jessica Parker Kennedy)
Mary's only friend as her fairy godmother; Dominique Blatt (Jane Lynch) taking the role of the stepmother; Britt
(Emily Perkins) and Bree (Katharine Isabelle) as the two stepsisters; and Joey Parker, (Drew Seeley), now a famous
celebrity that has returned to school for his senior year and to remember why he started dancing, as the prince. A
school dance substitutes for the ball, with the role of the glass slipper filled by a Zune.
[5]
Cast
• Selena Gomez as Mary Santiago
• Drew Seeley as Joey Parker
• Jane Lynch as Dominique Blatt
• Emily Perkins as Britt Blatt
• Katharine Isabelle as Bree Blatt
• Jessica Parker Kennedy as Tami
• Marcus T. Paulk as Dustin/ The Funk
•• Nicole LaPlaca as Natalia Faroush
Reception
Critics
Amber Wilkinson of Eye For Film gave the film four out of five stars, and praised the musical aspects, saying that
"the song and dance numbers are so well-handled and catchy, it's a shame there aren't more of them." However, she
also said that the "characters are so wafer thin they barely cast a shadow."
[6]
While Wilkinson says that the film is
completely different from A Cinderella Story, Lacey Walker, reviewing for Christian Answers, notes several aspects
of the two films that were directly parallel to each other. Walker also gave it three out of five stars, praising the
script, saying the writers "peppered this story with a surprising dose of humor and some pleasing plot twists."
However, Walker specifically criticized the "glaringly obvious" age difference between the 15 year old Gomez and
Another Cinderella Story
63
the 25 year old Seeley.
[7]
Ratings
ABC Family presented the television premiere of the film on January 18, 2009.
[8]
The premiere was watched by 5.3
million viewers. The movie ranked as January 2009's No. 1 cable movie across all key demos: Adults 18-34 (1.0
million, tie), Adults 18-49 (1.9 million) and Viewers 12-34 (2.3 million). In Females 12-34, ABC Family aired
January 2009's Top 7 movies on all TV, led by the debut of Another Cinderella Story (1.8 million, 1/18/09,
8:00 p.m.) and namesake "A Cinderella Story" (978,000, 1/18/09, 6:00 p.m.). It aired on Disney Channel on July
11.
[9]
Source: Nielsen Media Research (National Ratings, January 2009: 12/29/08-1/25/09, Most Current: Live +
SD, blended with Live + 7, when available).
Sequel
A third sequel, A Cinderella Story: Once Upon a Song, was released on September 6, 2011 and stars Lucy Hale and
Freddie Stroma.
Soundtrack
The soundtrack was released by Razor & Tie, and reached #116 on the Billboard 200 on Feb 27, 2009. It also
reached number eight on Billboard's Soundtrack chart.
[10]
Track listing
No. Title Recording artist Length
1. "Tell Me Something I Don't Know" Selena Gomez 3:20
2. "New Classic (Single Version)" Drew Seeley, Selena Gomez 3:08
3. "Hurry Up and Save Me" Tiffany Giardina 3:50
4. "Just That Girl" Drew Seeley 3:17
5. "Bang a Drum" Selena Gomez 3:12
6. "1st Class Girl" Drew Seeley, Marcus Paulk 3:00
7. "On Hold 4 You" Jane Lynch 2:29
8. "Valentine's Dance Tango" The Twins 2:12
9. "No Average Angel" Tiffany Giardina 2:57
10. "Don't Be Shy" Small Change, Lil' JJ, Chani 4:03
11. "X-Plain It to My Heart" Drew Seeley 1:15
12. "New Classic (Live)" Drew Seeley, Selena Gomez 5:29
13. "Another Cinderella Story (Score Suite)" John Paesano 2:39
14. "New Classic (Acoustic Version)" Drew Seeley, Selena Gomez 3:23
Another Cinderella Story
64
Philipines version
No. Title Recording artist Length
1. "Tell Me Something I Don't Know" Sekar 3:30
Tell Me Something I Don't Know
"Tell Me Something I Don't Know"
Single by Selena Gomez
from the album Another Cinderella Story
Released
August 5, 2008
[11]
Format Digital download
Recorded 2008
Genre Dance pop, hip hop, electropop, pop rock, teen pop
Length 3:21 (Album Version)
3:20 (Radio Edit)
Label Razor & Tie
Writer(s) Antonina Armato, Ralph Churchwell, Michael Nielsen
Producer Armato
Selena Gomez singles chronology
"Cruella de
Vil"
(2008)
"Tell Me Something I Don't
Know"
(2008)
"Magic"
(2009)
"Tell Me Something I Don't Know" by Selena Gomez was released as a single on August 5, 2008 on iTunes
[11]
and a
Radio Disney version (which removes the Hurricane Katrina reference) was released on September 9, 2008, on
iTunes. The song was also featured on the Kidz Bop 15 CD. A new version of the song is featured on Selena Gomez
& the Scene's debut album, Kiss & Tell.
Chart performance
The song peaked at number 58 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart and at 13 on the Australian Hitseekers Singles
chart.
Music video
The music video starts with scenes reminiscent of (but not from) the film; Gomez cleaning a house and the maid
yelling at her. Gomez then leaves the house and does a dance routine with her backup dancers, while the maid
watches from the house window. The video also features Gomez in front of a black background with lyrics from the
song (such as "I'm ready for it" and "One in a million") flying around her.
[12]
Another Cinderella Story
65
Charts
Chart (2008) Peak
position
Australian Hitseekers Singles
[13] 13
US Billboard Hot 100
[14] 58
Release history
Country Date Format Label
United States August 5, 2008 Digital download Razor & Tie
Australia
Malaysia September 7, 2008 Sony Music Entertainment
Taiwan November 3, 2008
References
[1] "Andrew Seeley Stars in Another Cinderella Story" (http:// www. dvdactive.com/ news/ releases/ another-cinderella-story.html).
DVDActive. .
[2] "Another Cinderella Story" (http:/ / www. dvdactive. com/ news/ releases/ another-cinderella-story2.html). DVDActive. .
[3] "Drew Seeley Stars in Another Cinderella Story" (http:/ / www. movieweb.com/ news/ 71/ 25271.php). MovieWeb. .
[4] "Winners Announced for 2010 Writers Guild Awards" (http:/ / www. wga. org/content/ default.aspx?id=3976). .
[5] "Damon Santostefano Brings Us Another Cinderella Story" (http:/ /www. movieweb.com/ news/ NEF41MHILy5yIO). MovieWeb. .
[6] Eye for Film "Another Cinderella Story Movie Review (2008)" (http:/ / www. eyeforfilm.co.uk/ reviews.php?film_id=15319). Eye For
Film. Eye for Film.
[7] "Another Cinderella Story Movie Review" (http:/ / www.christiananswers. net/ spotlight/ movies/ 2008/ anothercinderellastory2008.html).
christiananswers.net. .
[8] "ABC Family: Selena Gomez and Drew Seely in Another Cinderella Story" (http:// web.archive.org/ web/ 20100620064020/ http:/ /
abcfamily. go. com/ abcfamily/path/ section_Movies+ Another-Cinderella-Story/page_Detail). ABC.com. Archived from the original (http://
abcfamily. go. com/ abcfamily/path/ section_Movies+ Another-Cinderella-Story/page_Detail) on June 20, 2010. .
[9] "Battlestar Galactica Flies High, Tween Shows Fly Higher" (http:/ / www. eonline. com/ uberblog/
b80120_battlestar_galactica_flies_high_tween.html). E! Online. .
[10] Billboard "Another Cinderella Story — Billboard" (http:// www. billboard.com/ #/ album/ original-soundtrack/another-cinderella-story/
1161121). Billboard.com. Billboard.
[11] Tell Me Something I Don't Know - single (http:/ / itunes. apple.com/ us/ album/ tell-me-something-i-dont-know/id286152910)
[12] "Tell Me Something I Don't Know Video — Selena Gomez — AOL Music" (http:/ / music. aol. com/ video/ tell-me-something-i-dont-know/
selena-gomez/ 2239406). AOL.com. .
[13] "41205 Tell Me Something I Don't Know ARIA Peak Position" (http:// pandora.nla. gov.au/ pan/ 23790/ 20090220-0000/ issue988. pdf).
pandora.nla.gov.au. .
[14] "Selena Gomez - Chart History" (http:/ / acharts.us/ performer/selena_gomez). acharts.us. . Retrieved 2011-02-10.
Another Cinderella Story
66
External links
• Another Cinderella Story (http:// anothercinderellastory.warnerbros.com)
• Another Cinderella Story (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/tt1071358/) at the Internet Movie Database
• Another Cinderella Story (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/v454235) at AllRovi
• Another Cinderella Story (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ Another_Cinderella_Story/) at Rotten
Tomatoes
• Another Cinderella Story (http:/ / tcmdb.com/ title/ title. jsp?stid=729492) at the TCM Movie Database
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds
67
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds
Teaser poster
Directed by Luc Besson
Produced by Luc Besson
Stéphane Lecomte
Emmanuel Prévost
Written by Luc Besson
Céline Garcia
Starring Freddie Highmore
Mia Farrow
Selena Gomez
Jimmy Fallon
Music by Éric Serra
Cinematography Thierry Arbogast
Studio EuropaCorp
Apipoulaï
Avalanche Productions
Narfia Entertainment Group
Distributed by EuropaCorp (French)
Release date(s) • October 13, 2010 (France)
Running time 101 minutes
107 minutes (UK version)
Country France
United States
Language English
Budget €65 million (shared with The Revenge of Maltazard)
Box office
$30 698 619
[1]
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds (French: Arthur et la guerre des deux mondes, also known in English as
Arthur and the Invisibles 3 or simply Arthur 3 as well as Arthur and the Great Adventure for its UK re-release) is
a French and American film with live action and animation co-written, co-produced and directed by Luc Besson,
based on his novel of the same title and starring Freddie Highmore and Mia Farrow. EuropaCorp produced the film,
which is the third in Besson's Arthur series, following Arthur and the Invisibles and continuing Arthur and the
Revenge of Maltazard.
Plot
Succeeding in his plan, Maltazard used the telescope (destroying it in the process) to enlarge himself to human size
while trapping Arthur in his small size. Accompanied by Selenia and Betamache, Arthur remembered an enlarging
potion at his house and attempts to get it. However, Matlazard is aware of it as well and intends to use it to enlarge
his followers to begin his conquest of the town. Maltazard succeeds, but Arthur returns to human form using an
Elixir of Life from a queen bee. Archibald convinces Darkos to switch sides and become good, and enlarges him
with a second potion he had hidden. Arthur makes his way to town and battles Maltazard with the help of Darkos,
who stays true to his word. Using another one of Archibald's potions that shrinks things, Selenia and Betamesh
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds
68
shrink Maltazard back to his Minimoy size and Arthur captures him, as the US Army shows up and defeats
Maltazard's forces. Maltazard remains a prisoner of Arthur's family, and every Sunday, Arthur's grandmother Daisy
brings him a piece of pie as she promised, but leaves it outside his cell where he can't reach it.
Cast
Live action
• Freddie Highmore as Arthur Montgomery
• Mia Farrow as Granny Daisy Suchot
• Ron Crawford as Archibald
•• Robert Stanton as Sheriff Armand Montgomery
• Penny Balfour as Rosetta "Rose" Suchot Montgomery
•• Richard William Davis as M
•• Jean Betote Njambia as Bogo Chief
•• Steve Routman as Dr. Stitch
• David Gasman as Mechanic
•• Cooper Daniels as George Lucas
•• Norman Stokle as Mayor
•• Dashiell Harman Eaves as Deputy Simon Suchot
•• Joseph Rezwin as Brad
•• Stephen Shagov as Captain Bellerive
•• Stephen Croce as Fireman 1
•• Antony Hickling as Douglas
Voices
• Selena Gomez as Princess Selenia
• Lou Reed as Emperor Maltazard
• Iggy Pop as Darkos
• Jimmy Fallon as Prince Betameche
•• Mike Powers as Graffiti Artist
Reviews
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds received mixed to poor reviews. A Rotten Tomatoes critic deemed the film "A
mild improvement over its two predecessors" and gave the film a score of 2/5.
[2]
UK release
Shortly after the film's initial release, it was edited together with Arthur and the Revenge of Maltazard into a single
film. This version, under the title Arthur and the Great Adventure, was theatrically released on December 24, 2010.
US release
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds was not released theatrically in the US, due to the poor box office showing of
Arthur and the Invisibles. Instead, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment released it together with Arthur and the
Revenge of Maltazard as a two-movie direct-to-video set on March 22, 2011, under the title Arthur and the Invisibles
2+3: The New Minimoy Adventures.
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds
69
References
[1] http:/ / www.jpbox-office.com/ fichfilm.php?id=9838
[2] Nusair, David (24 March 2011). "The Films of Luc Besson" (http:// reelfilm.com/ lucbess. htm#arthur3). reelfilm.com. . Retrieved 28
February 2012.
External links
• Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0940656/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
Beezus Quimby
70
Beezus Quimby
Beezus Quimby
First appearance Henry Huggins
Last appearance Ramona's World
Created by Beverly Cleary
Portrayed by Lori Chodos (Ramona)
Selena Gomez (Ramona and
Beezus)
Information
Gender Female
Occupation Student
Family Mr. Robert Quimby (father)
Mrs. Dorothy Quimby (mother)
Ramona Quimby (sister)
Roberta Quimby (sister)
Beatrice (aunt)
Howie Kemp (cousin)
Picky-picky (cat)
Beatrice Ann "Beezus" Quimby is a character from the Henry Huggins and Ramona series of books by Beverly
Cleary. She is the friend of Henry, Mary Jane, and the older sister of Ramona and Roberta. Beezus earned her
nickname from Ramona, who had a hard time saying Beatrice.
Beezus in the books
In the "Henry Huggins" series of books, Beezus is depicted as an intelligent neighboring girl and a close friend of
Henry's who is constantly pestered by her infuriating younger sister Ramona. The first and only book to shift to her
viewpoint rather than that of Henry, Beezus and Ramona, chronicles the sibling rivalry between the two girls and the
irritating stunts performed by Ramona that agitate her older sister. From then onward, after the series has completely
jumped to centering around Ramona's life, Beezus is depicted as an intelligent, studious girl and a typical elder
sibling towards Ramona, taunting her and aggravating her. However, in Ramona and her Father, Beezus adopts a
grouchier attitude because of her father's unemployment, albeit toward the ending of the book her mood is
enlightened a bit as a result of her selection to portray the Blessed Virgin Mary in the upcoming Nativity play. She is
usually kind, but teases Ramona nonetheless and agitates her with the sisterly wisdom she has to share, such as
Ramona's being forced to wear Beezus's hand-me-downs and and the fact that they have experienced similar dreams
before in the past, leading Ramona to wonder if some dreams are inherited.
Beezus Quimby
71
Film And Merchandise
In the 2010 movie Ramona and Beezus, Beezus is portrayed by teen star Selena Gomez. Joey King plays Beezus'
sister Ramona Quimby. The film is live action and was released in theaters on July 23, 2010. The film does not focus
on just one book, it goes from one book to another.
[1]
In the 1988 Ramona TV show based on the Ramona books, Beezus is portrayed by Lori Chodos.
[2]
References
[1] http:/ / www.foxmovies. com/
[2] http:/ / www.tvguide. com/ tvshows/ ramona/203942
External links
• Beezus Quimby (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ character/ch0145900/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
Behaving Badly (film)
72
Behaving Badly (film)
Behaving Badly
Directed by Tim Garrick
Produced by Andrew Lazar
Miri Yoon
Screenplay by Ric Browde
Tim Garrick
Scott Russell
Based on While I'm Dead Feed the
Dog by
Ric Browde
Starring Dylan McDermott
Selena Gomez
Nat Wolff
Cary Elwes
Elisabeth Shue
Patrick Warburton
Mary-Louise Parker
Music by David Newman
Editing by Matt Friedman
Studio Mad Chance
Starboard Entertainment
Country U.S.
Language English
Behaving Badly (aka Parental Guidance Suggested) is an upcoming 2013 comedy film written and directed by Tim
Garrick, starring Dylan McDermott, Selena Gomez, Nat Wolff, Cary Elwes, Elisabeth Shue, Patrick Warburton and
Mary-Louise Parker. It is the film adaptation of the 2000 Ric Browde novel While I’m Dead...Feed the Dog.
[1]
A
release date has yet to be announced.
Summary
16-year-old Rick Stevens (Wolff) and his crush Nina Pennington (Gomez) embark on a rock 'n' roll-themed odyssey
together while Nina deals with her overbearing boyfriend, Kevin (Stowell).
[2]
Cast
• Dylan McDermott as Jimmy Leach
• Selena Gomez as Nina Pennington
• Cary Elwes as Joseph Stevens
• Elisabeth Shue as Pamela Bender
• Patrick Warburton as Principal Basil Poole
• Mary-Louise Parker as Lucy Stevens / Saint Lola
• Heather Graham as Annette Stratton-Osborne
• Jason Lee as Father Krumins
• Rusty Joiner as Keith Bender
• Ashley Rickards as Kristen Stevens
Behaving Badly (film)
73
• Scott Evans as Ronnie Watt
• Mitch Hewer as Steven Stevens
• Nat Wolff as Rick Stevens
•• Danielle Burgio as Tina Johnson
• Jason Acuña as Brian Savage
•• Gil McKinney as Officer Joe Tackett
• Nate Hartley as Karlis Malinauskas
• Austin Stowell as Kevin Carpenter
• Lachlan Buchanan as Billy Bender
•• Katherine-Clark Neff as Zoe
•• Mercy Malick as Cherysh
•• JT Alexander as Clint
Production
Pre production
Originally titled Feed The Dog since it is based on the book While I’m Dead...Feed the Dog, the film changed it's
name in August 2012 to Parental Guidance Suggested
[3]
then changed it again to Behaving Badly when a 2012 film
starring Billy Crystal came out having a very similar name, Parental Guidance.
Filming
Filming was shot on location in Los Angeles, California.
References
[1] Trumbore, Dave (31 July 2012). "Selena Gomez Joins PARENTAL GUIDANCE SUGGESTED" (http:// collider. com/
selena-gomez-parental-guidance-suggesetd/ 185431/ ). Collider. . Retrieved 14 December 2012.
[2] Siegel, Tatiana (31 July 2012). "Selena Gomez to Star in 'Parental Guidance Suggested'" (http:// www. hollywoodreporter.com/ news/
selena-gomez-parental-guidance-suggested-356487). Hollywood Reporter. . Retrieved 14 December 2012.
[3] "Selena Gomez “Parental Guidance Suggested” Movie" (http:// www. disneydreaming.com/ 2012/ 08/ 03/
selena-gomez-parental-guidance-suggested-movie/ ). Disney Dreaming. 3 August 2012. . Retrieved 14 December 2012.
External links
• Behaving Badly (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt2314824/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
Belfast
74
Belfast
Belfast
Scots: Bilfawst or Bilfaust
Irish: Béal Feirste
Top: Belfast skyline, Middle: Ulster Museum, Victoria Square, Great Victoria Street, Albert Clock, Bottom Belfast City Hall, Harland & Wolff
 Belfast shown within Northern Ireland
Area
44.4 sq mi (115 km
2
)
Population
City of Belfast:
281,00
[1]
Urban area:
483,418
[2]
Metropolitan area:
641,638
[3]
Irish grid reference
J338740
[4]
District City of Belfast
Belfast
75
County County Antrim
County Down
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BELFAST
Postcode district
BT1–BT17, BT29 (part), BT36 (part), BT58
Dialling code
028
Police Northern Ireland
Fire Northern Ireland
Ambulance Northern Ireland
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament Belfast North
Belfast South
Belfast East
Belfast West
NI Assembly Belfast North
Belfast South
Belfast East
Belfast West
Website
www.belfastcity.gov.uk
[5]
Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1757 8,549 —
1782 13,105 1.71%
1791 18,320 3.72%
1806 22,095 1.25%
1821 37,277 3.49%
1831 53,287 3.57%
1841 75,308 3.46%
1851 97,784 2.61%
1861 119,393 2%
1871 174,412 3.79%
1881 208,122 1.77%
1891 255,950 2.07%
1901 349,180 3.11%
1911 386,947 1.03%
1926 415,151 0.47%
1937 438,086 0.49%
1951 443,671 0.09%
1961 415,856 -0.65%
1966 398,405 -0.86%
Belfast
76
1971 362,082 -1.91%
1981 314,270 -1.42%
1991 279,237 -1.18%
2001 277,391 -0.07%
2006 267,374 -0.74%
2011 281,000 0.99%
[6][7][8][9][10][11][12]
Belfast (from Irish: Béal Feirste, meaning "mouth of the sandbanks")
[13]
is the capital of, and largest city in,
Northern Ireland. Most of Belfast is in County Antrim, but parts of east and south Belfast are in County Down. It is
on the flood plain of the River Lagan.
[14]
By population, it is the fourteenth largest city in the United Kingdom
[15]
and second largest on the island of Ireland.
It is the seat of the devolved government and legislative Northern Ireland Assembly.
[16]
The city of Belfast has a
population of 281,000
[1]
and lies at the heart of the Belfast urban area, which has a population of 579,276. The
Larger Urban Zone, as defined by the European Union, has a total population 641,638. Belfast was granted city
status in 1888.
Historically, Belfast has been a centre for the Irish linen industry (earning the nickname "Linenopolis"), tobacco
production, rope-making and shipbuilding: the city's main shipbuilders, Harland and Wolff, which built the
well-known RMS Titanic, propelled Belfast on to the global stage in the early 20th century as the biggest and most
productive shipyard in the world. Belfast played a key role in the Industrial Revolution, establishing its place as a
global industrial centre until the latter half of the 20th century. Industrialisation and the inward migration it brought
made Belfast, if briefly, the biggest city in Ireland at the turn of the 20th century and the city's industrial and
economic success was cited by Ulster unionist opponents of Home Rule as a reason why Ireland should shun
devolution and later why Ulster in particular would fight to resist it.
Today, Belfast remains a centre for industry, as well as the arts, higher education and business, a legal centre, and is
the economic engine of Northern Ireland. The city suffered greatly during the period of conflict called the Troubles,
but latterly has undergone a sustained period of calm, free from the intense political violence of former years, and
substantial economic and commercial growth. Belfast city centre has undergone considerable expansion and
regeneration in recent years, notably around Victoria Square. Belfast is served by two airports: George Best Belfast
City Airport in the city, and Belfast International Airport 15 miles (24 km) west of the city. Belfast is also a major
port, with commercial and industrial docks dominating the Belfast Lough shoreline, including the famous Harland
and Wolff shipyard. Belfast is a constituent city of the Dublin-Belfast corridor, which has a population of three
million, or half the total population of the island of Ireland.
Name
The name Belfast is derived from the Irish Béal Feirsde, which was later spelled Béal Feirste.
[17]
The word béal
means "mouth" or "rivermouth" while feirsde/feirste is the genitive singular of fearsaid and refers to a sandbar or
tidal ford across a river's mouth.
[18][19]
The name would thus translate literally as "(river) mouth of the sandbar" or
"(river) mouth of the ford".
[18]
This sandbar was formed at the confluence of two rivers at what is now Donegall
Quay: the Lagan, which flows into Belfast Lough, and its tributary the Farset. This area was the hub around which
the original settlement developed.
[20]
The Irish name Béal Feirste is shared by a townland in County Mayo, whose
name has been anglicised as Belfarsad.
[21]
An alternative interpretation of the name is "mouth of [the river] of the sandbar", an allusion to the River Farset,
which flows into the Lagan where the sandbar was located. This interpretation was favoured by Edmund Hogan and
John O'Donovan.
[22]
It seems clear, however, that the river itself was also named after the tidal crossing.
[18]
Belfast
77
In Ulster Scots the name of the city is Bilfawst
[23][24]
or Bilfaust,
[25]
although "Belfast" is also used.
[26][27]
History
Although the county borough of Belfast was created when it was granted city status by Queen Victoria in 1888,
[28]
the city continues to be viewed as straddling County Antrim and County Down.
[29]
Origins
Belfast Castle
The site of Belfast has been occupied since the Bronze Age. The
Giant's Ring, a 5,000-year-old henge, is located near the city, and the
remains of Iron Age hill forts can still be seen in the surrounding hills.
Belfast remained a small settlement of little importance during the
Middle Ages. John de Courcy built a castle on what is now Castle
Street in the city centre in the 12th century, but this was on a lesser
scale and not as strategically important as Carrickfergus Castle to the
north, which was built by de Courcy in 1177. The O'Neill clan had a
presence in the area. In the 14th century, Cloinne Aodha Buidhe,
descendants of Aodh Buidhe O'Neill built Grey Castle at Castlereagh,
now in the east of the city.
[30]
Conn O'Neill of the Clannaboy O'Neills owned vast lands in the area and was the last
inhabitant of Grey Castle, one remaining link being the Conn's Water river flowing through east Belfast.
[31]
Growth
Belfast, looking eastward from Black Mountain
Belfast became a substantial settlement in the 17th century after being
established as a town by Sir Arthur Chichester, which was initially
settled by Protestant English and Scottish migrants at the time of the
Plantation of Ulster. (Belfast and County Antrim, however, did not
form part of this particular Plantation scheme as they were privately
colonised.) In 1791, the Society of United Irishmen was founded in
Belfast, after Henry Joy McCracken and other prominent Presbyterians
from the city invited Theobald Wolfe Tone and Thomas Russell to a
meeting, after having read Tone's "Argument on Behalf of the
Catholics of Ireland". Evidence of this period of Belfast's growth can
still be seen in the oldest areas of the city, known as the Entries.
Belfast blossomed as a commercial and industrial centre in the 18th and 19th centuries and became Ireland's
pre-eminent industrial city. Industries thrived, including linen, rope-making, tobacco, heavy engineering and
shipbuilding, and at the end of the 19th century, Belfast briefly overtook Dublin as the largest city in Ireland. The
Harland and Wolff shipyards became one of the largest shipbuilders in the world, employing up to 35,000
workers.
[32]
In 1886 the city suffered intense riots over the issue of home rule, which had divided the city.
In 1920–22, Belfast became the capital of the new entity of Northern Ireland as the island of Ireland was partitioned.
The accompanying conflict (the Irish War of Independence) cost up to 500 lives in Belfast, the bloodiest sectarian
strife in the city until the Troubles of the late 1960s onwards.
[33]
Belfast was heavily bombed during World War II. In one raid, in 1941, German bombers killed around one thousand
people and left tens of thousands homeless. Apart from London, this was the greatest loss of life in a night raid
during the Blitz.
[34]
Belfast
78
The Troubles
Republican graffiti on walls in Belfast
Belfast has been the capital of Northern Ireland since its establishment
in 1921 following the Government of Ireland Act 1920. It had been the
scene of various episodes of sectarian conflict between its Catholic and
Protestant populations. These opposing groups in this conflict are now
often termed republican and loyalist respectively, although they are
also referred to as 'nationalist' and 'unionist'. The most recent example
of this conflict was known as the Troubles – a civil conflict that raged
from around 1969 to 1998. Belfast saw some of the worst of the
Troubles in Northern Ireland, particularly in the 1970s, with rival
paramilitary groups formed on both sides. Bombing, assassination and
street violence formed a backdrop to life throughout the Troubles. The
Provisional IRA detonated 22 bombs within the confines of Belfast city centre in 1972, on what is known as "Bloody
Friday", killing nine people. Loyalist paramilitaries including the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster
Defence Association (UDA) claimed that the killings they carried out were in retaliation for the IRA campaign. Most
of their victims were Catholics with no links to the Provisional IRA.
[35]
A particularly notorious group, based on the
Shankill Road in the mid 1970s, became known as the Shankill Butchers. In all, over 1,500 people were killed in
political violence in the city between 1969 and 2001.
[36]
Government
Belfast was granted borough status by James I in 1613 and official city status by Queen Victoria in 1888.
[37]
Since
1973 it has been a local government district under local administration by Belfast City Council.
[38]
Belfast is
represented in both the British House of Commons and in the Northern Ireland Assembly. For elections to the
European Parliament, Belfast is within the Northern Ireland constituency.
Local government
Belfast City Hall.
Belfast City Council is the local authority with responsibility for the
city. The city's elected officials are the Lord Mayor of Belfast, Deputy
Lord Mayor and High Sheriff who are elected from among 51
councillors. The first Lord Mayor of Belfast was Daniel Dixon, who
was elected in 1892.
[39]
The current Lord Mayor is Alderman Gavin
Robinson of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), while the Deputy
Lord Mayor is Councillor Tierna Cunningham of Sinn Féin, both of
whom were elected in June 2012 to serve a one year term. The Lord
Mayor's duties include presiding over meetings of the council,
receiving distinguished visitors to the city, and representing and
promoting the city on the national and international stage.
[39]
In 1997, Unionists lost overall control of Belfast City Council for the first time in its history, with the Alliance Party
of Northern Ireland gaining the balance of power between Nationalists and Unionists. This position was confirmed in
the three subsequent council elections, with mayors from Nationalist Sinn Féin and Social Democratic and Labour
Party (SDLP), and the cross-community Alliance Party regularly elected since. The first nationalist Lord Mayor of
Belfast was Alban Maginness of the SDLP, in 1997.
The last elections to Belfast City Council were held on 5 May 2011, with the City's voters electing fifty-one
councillors across nine district electoral areas. The election saw Nationalist councillors outnumber Unionist
councillors for the first time, with Sinn Féin becoming the largest party: 16(+2) Sinn Féin, 15(-) Democratic Unionist
Belfast
79
Party (DUP), 8(-) SDLP, 6(+2) Alliance Party, 3(−4) Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), 2 Progressive Unionist Party
(PUP), and 1 Independent (a former deputy mayor who takes the UUP whip was a member of the defunct loyalist
paramilitary linked-Ulster Democratic Party).
[40]
The Parliament Buildings at Stormont. Built in
1932 and home to the Northern Ireland
Assembly.
Northern Ireland Assembly and Westminster
As Northern Ireland's capital city, Belfast is host to the Northern
Ireland Assembly at Stormont, the site of the devolved legislature for
Northern Ireland. Belfast is divided into four Northern Ireland
Assembly and UK parliamentary constituencies: North Belfast, West
Belfast, South Belfast and East Belfast. All four extend beyond the city
boundaries to include parts of Castlereagh, Lisburn and
Newtownabbey districts. In the Northern Ireland Assembly Elections
in 2007, Belfast elected 24 Members of the Legislative Assembly
(MLAs), 6 from each constituency. Belfast elected 8 Sinn Féin, 6 DUP,
4 SDLP, 3 UUP, 2 Alliance Party, and 1 Progressive Unionist Party
MLA.
[41]
In the 2010 UK general election, Belfast elected one MP
from each constituency to the House of Commons at Westminster, London. This comprised 1 DUP, 1 SDLP, 1
Alliance and 1 Sinn Féin.
[42]
Coat of arms and motto
The city of Belfast has the Latin motto "Pro tanto quid retribuamus." This is taken from Psalm 116 Verse 12 in the
Latin Vulgate Bible and is literally "For (Pro) so much (tanto) what (quid) we shall repay (retribuamus)" The verse
has been translated in bibles differently – for example as "What shall I render unto the Lord for all his benefits
toward me?".
[43]
It is also translated as "In return for so much, what shall we give back?"
[44]
The Queen's University
Students' Union Rag Week publication PTQ derives its name from the first three words of the motto.
The coat of arms of the city are blazoned as Party per fesse argent and azure, in chief a pile vair and on a canton
gules a bell argent, in base a ship with sails set argent on waves of the sea proper. This heraldic language describes
a shield that is divided in two horizontally (party per fesse). The top (chief) of the shield is silver (argent), and has a
point-down triangle (a pile) with a repeating blue-and-white pattern that represents fur (vair). There is also a red
square in the top corner (a canton gules) on which there is a silver bell. It is likely that the bell is an example here of
"canting" (or punning) heraldry, representing the first syllable of Belfast. In the lower part of the shield (in base)
there is a silver sailing ship shown sailing on waves coloured in the actual colours of the sea (proper). The supporter
on the "dexter" side (that is, the viewer's left) is a chained wolf, while on the "sinister" side the supporter is a
sea-horse. The crest above the shield is also a sea-horse. These arms date back to 1613, when King James I granted
Belfast town status. The seal was used by Belfast merchants throughout the 17th century on their signs and
trade-coins.
[45]
A large stained glass window in the City Hall displays the arms, where an explanation suggests that
the seahorse and the ship refer to Belfast's significant maritime history. The wolf may be a tribute to the city's
founder, Sir Arthur Chichester, and refer to his own coat of arms.
[45]
Belfast
80
Geography
Cavehill, a basaltic hill overlooking the city.
The River Lagan in Belfast.
OpenStreetMap of Belfast
The city is flanked to the northwest by a series of hills, including
Cavehill. Belfast is located at the western end of Belfast Lough and at
the mouth of the River Lagan making it an ideal location for the
shipbuilding industry that once made it famous. When the Titanic was
built in Belfast in 1911/1912, Harland and Wolff had the largest
shipyard in the world.
[46]
Belfast is situated on Northern Ireland's
eastern coast at 54°35′49″N 05°55′45″W. A consequence of this
northern latitude is that it both endures short winter days and enjoys
long summer evenings. During the winter solstice, the shortest day of
the year, local sunset is before 16:00 while sunrise is around 08:45.
This is balanced by the summer solstice in June, when the sun sets
after 22:00 and rises before 05:00.
[47]
In 1994, a weir was built across the river by the Laganside Corporation
to raise the average water level so that it would cover the unseemly
mud flats which gave Belfast its name
[48]
(from Irish: Béal Feirste
meaning "The sandy ford at the river mouth").
[19]
The area of Belfast
Local Government District is 42.3 square miles (110 km
2
).
[49]
The River Farset is also named after this silt deposit (from the Irish
feirste meaning "sand spit"). Originally a more significant river than it
is today, the Farset formed a dock on High Street until the mid 19th
century. Bank Street in the city centre referred to the river bank and
Bridge Street was named for the site of an early Farset bridge.
[50]
Superseded by the River Lagan as the more important river in the city,
the Farset now languishes in obscurity, under High Street. There are no
less than eleven other minor rivers in and around Belfast, namely the
Blackstaff, the Colin, the Connswater, the Cregagh, the Derriaghy, the
Forth, the Knock, the Legoniel, the Milewater, the Purdysburn and the
Ravernet.
[51]
The city is flanked on the north and northwest by a series of hills,
including Divis Mountain, Black Mountain and Cavehill thought to be
the inspiration for Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels. When Swift was
living at Lilliput Cottage near the bottom of the Limestone Road in
Belfast, he imagined that the Cavehill resembled the shape of a
sleeping giant safeguarding the city.
[52]
The shape of the giant's nose, known locally as Napoleon's Nose, is officially
called McArt's Fort probably named after Art O'Neill, a 17th century chieftain who controlled the area at that
time.
[53]
The Castlereagh Hills overlook the city on the southeast.
Belfast
81
Climate
As with all of the British Isles, Belfast has a temperate climate, with a narrow range of temperatures, often windy
conditions, and rainfall throughout the year. There are currently 5 weather observing stations in the Belfast area:
Helens Bay, Stormont, Newforge, Castlereagh, and Ravenhill Road. Slightly further afield is Aldergrove Airport.
[54]
The highest temperature recorded at any official weather station in the Belfast area was 30.8 °C (87.4 °F) at Shaws
Bridge on 12 July 1983.
[55]
This is also the highest temperature recorded across Northern Ireland. Belfast also holds
the record for Northern Ireland's warmest night time minimum, 19.6 °C (67.3 °F) at Whitehouse on 14 August
2001.
[56]
The city gets significant precipitation (greater than 0.01 in/0.25 mm) on 213 days in an average year with an average
annual rainfall of 846 millimetres (33.3 in),
[57]
less than the Lake District or the Scottish Highlands,
[55]
but higher
than Dublin or the south-east coast of Ireland.
[58]
As an urban and coastal area, Belfast typically gets snow on fewer
than 10 days per year.
[55]
The absolute maximum temperature at the weather station at Stormont is 29.7 °C (85.5 °F), set during July 1983.
[59]
In an average year the warmest day will rise to a temperature of 24.4 °C (75.9 °F)
[60]
with a day of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F)
or above occurring roughly once every two in three years.
[61]
The absolute minimum temperature at Stormont is −9.9 °C (14.2 °F), during January 1982,
[62]
although in an
average year the coldest night will fall no lower than −4.5 °C (23.9 °F) with air frost being recorded on just 26
nights.
[63]
The lowest temperature to occur in recent years was −8.8 on 22 December 2010.
[64]
Climate data for Stormont Castle, 56 m asl, 1971–2000, extremes 1960–
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record
high °C
(°F)
14.7
(58.5)
15.8
(60.4)
20.0
(68)
20.8
(69.4)
24.0
(75.2)
27.5
(81.5)
29.7
(85.5)
28.2
(82.8)
24.2
(75.6)
20.6
(69.1)
17.1
(62.8)
14.6
(58.3)
29.7
(85.5)
Average
high °C
(°F)
7.4
(45.3)
7.7
(45.9)
9.5
(49.1)
11.6
(52.9)
14.4
(57.9)
16.9
(62.4)
18.9
(66)
18.6
(65.5)
16.1
(61)
13.0
(55.4)
9.8
(49.6)
8.1
(46.6)
12.67
(54.8)
Average
low °C (°F)
1.9
(35.4)
2.1
(35.8)
3.0
(37.4)
4.1
(39.4)
6.5
(43.7)
9.1
(48.4)
11.3
(52.3)
11.2
(52.2)
9.2
(48.6)
6.9
(44.4)
3.9
(39)
2.7
(36.9)
5.99
(42.79)
Record low
°C (°F)
−9.9 −6.1 −7.2 −5.6 −1.7 1.7
(35.1)
5.6
(42.1)
4.9
(40.8)
1.1
(34)
−0.9 −3.0 −8.8 −9.9
Precipitation
mm
(inches)
99.32
(3.9102)
66.97
(2.6366)
73.67
(2.9004)
64.90
(2.5551)
60.64
(2.3874)
61.83
(2.4343)
58.17
(2.2902)
75.84
(2.9858)
82.97
(3.2665)
93.28
(3.6724)
91.09
(3.5862)
97.00
(3.8189)
925.68
(36.4441)
Source: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute
[65]
The nearest weather station for which sunshine data and longer term observations are available is Belfast
International Airport (Aldergrove). Perhaps not surprisingly, temperature extremes here have slightly more
variability due to the more inland location. The average warmest day at Aldergrove for example will reach a
temperature of 25.4 °C (77.7 °F),
[66]
(1.0 Celsius higher than Stormont) and 2.1 days
[67]
should attain a temperature
of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above in total. Conversely the coldest night of the year averages −6.6 °C (20.1 °F)
[68]
(or 1.9
celius lower the Stormont) and 39 nights should register an air frost.
[69]
Some 13 more frosty nights than Stormont.
The minimum temperature at Aldergrove was −14.2 °C (6.4 °F), during December 2010.
Belfast
82
Climate data for Belfast Aldergrove Airport 63m asl, 1981–2010, Extremes 1926– (Weather Station 12 Miles WNW of
Belfast City Centre)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high
°C (°F)
14.0
(57.2)
14.9
(58.8)
20.2
(68.4)
21.8
(71.2)
26.1
(79)
29.0
(84.2)
29.4
(84.9)
28.0
(82.4)
25.6
(78.1)
21.8
(71.2)
16.4
(61.5)
14.4
(57.9)
29.4
(84.9)
Average high
°C (°F)
7.1
(44.8)
7.5
(45.5)
9.5
(49.1)
11.9
(53.4)
15.0
(59)
17.4
(63.3)
19.0
(66.2)
18.6
(65.5)
16.4
(61.5)
12.9
(55.2)
9.5
(49.1)
7.4
(45.3)
12.7
(54.9)
Average low
°C (°F)
1.7
(35.1)
1.6
(34.9)
2.9
(37.2)
4.3
(39.7)
6.8
(44.2)
9.7
(49.5)
11.7
(53.1)
11.4
(52.5)
9.5
(49.1)
6.9
(44.4)
4.0
(39.2)
2.1
(35.8)
6.1
(43)
Record low
°C (°F)
−12.8 −11.7 −12.2 −5.1 −3.3 −1.2 2.2
(36)
1.1
(34)
−2.2 −4.4 −8.6 −14.2 −14.2
Precipitation
mm (inches)
80.3
(3.161)
57.7
(2.272)
67.0
(2.638)
58.0
(2.283)
57.3
(2.256)
61.5
(2.421)
71.4
(2.811)
83.8
(3.299)
75.6
(2.976)
89.6
(3.528)
79.7
(3.138)
79.3
(3.122)
861.2
(33.906)
Avg. rainy
days (≥ 1.0
mm)
14.8 12.1 14.0 11.4 11.7 11.3 12.9 13.9 12.6 14.4 14.4 14.0 157.5
Mean
monthly
sunshine
hours
49.7 71.2 102.5 153.3 197.7 167.9 151.3 142.1 119.9 91.2 59.4 46.2 1,352.5
Source:
[57]
Met Office
[70]
Areas and districts
View of Belfast from The Ashby Building, part
of QUB. The David Keir Building of Queen's
University is in the foreground. The orange
façade of Belfast City Hospital is visible in the
centre background, with the city's second tallest
building Windsor House in the right background.
Drydock of the Titanic
Belfast expanded very rapidly from being a market town to becoming
an industrial city during the course of the 19th century. Because of this,
it is less an agglomeration of villages and towns which have expanded
into each other, than other comparable cities, such as Manchester or
Birmingham. The city expanded to the natural barrier of the hills that
surround it, overwhelming other settlements. Consequently, the arterial
roads along which this expansion took place (such as the Falls Road or
the Newtownards Road) are more significant in defining the districts of
the city than nucleated settlements. Belfast remains segregated by
walls, commonly known as "peace lines", erected by the British Army
after August 1969, and which still divide 14 districts in the inner
city.
[71]
In 2008 a process was proposed for the removal of the 'peace
walls'.
[72]
In June 2007, a £16 million programme was announced
which will transform and redevelop streets and public spaces in the city
centre.
[73]
Major arterial roads (quality bus corridor) into the city
include the Antrim Road, Shore Road, Holywood Road, Newtownards
Road, Castlereagh Road, Cregagh Road, Ormeau Road, Malone Road,
Lisburn Road, Falls Road, Springfield Road, Shankill Road, and
Crumlin Road.
[74]
Belfast
83
Belfast city centre is divided into two postcode districts, BT1 for the area lying north of the City Hall, and BT2 for
the area to its south. The industrial estate and docklands BT3. The rest of the Belfast post town is divided in a
broadly clockwise system from BT3 in the north-east round to BT15, with BT16 and BT17 further out to the east and
west respectively. Although BT derives from Belfast, the BT postcode area extends across the whole of Northern
Ireland.
[75]
Since 2001, boosted by increasing numbers of tourists, the city council has developed a number of cultural quarters.
The Cathedral Quarter takes its name from St Anne's Cathedral (Church of Ireland) and has taken on the mantle of
the city's key cultural locality.
[76]
It hosts a yearly visual and performing arts festival.
Custom House Square is one of the city's main outdoor venues for free concerts and street entertainment. The
Gaeltacht Quarter is an area around the Falls Road in west Belfast which promotes and encourages the use of the
Irish language.
[77]
The Queen's Quarter in south Belfast is named after Queen's University. The area has a large
student population and hosts the annual Belfast Festival at Queen's each autumn. It is home to Botanic Gardens and
the Ulster Museum, which was reopened in 2009 after major redevelopment.
[78]
The Golden Mile is the name given
to the mile between Belfast City Hall and Queen's University. Taking in Dublin Road, Great Victoria Street,
Shaftesbury Square and Bradbury Place, it contains some of the best bars and restaurants in the city.
[79]
Since the
Good Friday Agreement in 1998, the nearby Lisburn Road has developed into the city's most exclusive shopping
strip.
[80][81]
Finally, the Titanic Quarter covers 0.75 km
2
(0 sq mi) of reclaimed land adjacent to Belfast Harbour,
formerly known as Queen's Island. Named after RMS Titanic, which was built here in 1912,
[46]
work has begun
which promises to transform some former shipyard land into "one of the largest waterfront developments in
Europe".
[82]
Plans also include apartments, a riverside entertainment district, and a major Titanic-themed
museum.
[82]
Cityscape
Architecture
Belfast City Hall and the Big Wheel at night
The architectural style of Belfast's buildings range from Edwardian,
like the City Hall, to modern, like Waterfront Hall. Many of the city's
Victorian landmarks, including the main Lanyon Building at Queen's
University Belfast and the Linenhall Library, were designed by Sir
Charles Lanyon.
The City Hall was finished in 1906 and was built to reflect Belfast's
city status, granted by Queen Victoria in 1888. The Edwardian
architectural style of Belfast City Hall influenced the Victoria
Memorial in Calcutta, India, and Durban City Hall in South Africa.
[83][84]
The dome is 173 ft (53 m) high and
figures above the door state "Hibernia encouraging and promoting the Commerce and Arts of the City".
[85]
Among
the city's grandest buildings are two former banks: Ulster Bank in Waring Street (built in 1860) and Northern Bank,
in nearby Donegall Street (built in 1769). The Royal Courts of Justice in Chichester Street are home to Northern
Ireland's Supreme Court. Many of Belfast's oldest buildings are found in the Cathedral Quarter area, which is
currently undergoing redevelopment as the city's main cultural and tourist area.
[76]
Windsor House, 262 ft (80 m)
high, has 23 floors and is the second tallest building (as distinct from structure) in Ireland.
[86]
Work has started on
the taller Obel Tower, which already surpasses the height of Windsor House in its unfinished state. In 2007, plans
were approved for the Aurora building. At 37 storeys and 358 ft (109 m) high, this will surpass both previous
buildings.
[87]
Belfast
84
Belfast skyline at dusk
The ornately decorated Crown Liquor Saloon, designed by Joseph
Anderson in 1876, in Great Victoria Street is the only bar in the UK
owned by the National Trust. It was made internationally famous as the
setting for the classic film, Odd Man Out, starring James Mason.
[88]
The restaurant panels in the Crown Bar were originally made for
Britannic, the sister ship of the Titanic,
[85]
built in Belfast. The
Harland and Wolff shipyard is now the location of the world's largest
dry dock,
[89]
where the giant cranes, Samson and Goliath stand out
against Belfast's skyline. Including the Waterfront Hall and the
Odyssey Arena, Belfast has several other venues for performing arts.
The architecture of the Grand Opera House has an oriental theme and
was completed in 1895. It was bombed several times during the
Troubles but has now been restored to its former glory.
[90]
The Lyric
Theatre, (re-opened 1 May 2011 after undergoing a rebuilding programme) the only full-time producing theatre in
the country, is where film star Liam Neeson began his career.
[91]
The Ulster Hall (1859–1862) was originally
designed for grand dances but is now used primarily as a concert and sporting venue. Lloyd George, Parnell and
Patrick Pearse all attended political rallies there.
[85]
Parks and gardens
Sitting at the mouth of the River Lagan where it becomes a deep and sheltered lough, Belfast is surrounded by
mountains that create a micro-climate conducive to horticulture. From the Victorian Botanic Gardens in the heart of
the city to the heights of Cave Hill Country Park, the great expanse of Lagan Valley Regional Park to Colin Glen,
Belfast contains an abundance of parkland and forest parks.
[92]
Parks and Gardens are an integral part of Belfast's heritage, and home to an abundance of local wildlife and popular
places for a picnic, a stroll or a jog. Numerous events take place throughout including festivals such as Rose Week
and special activities such as bird watching evenings and great beast hunts.
[92]
Belfast has over forty public parks. The Forest of Belfast is a partnership between government and local groups, set
up in 1992 to manage and conserve the city's parks and open spaces. They have commissioned more than 30 public
sculptures since 1993.
[93]
In 2006, the City Council set aside £8 million to continue this work.
[94]
The Belfast
Naturalists' Field Club was founded in 1863 and is administered by National Museums and Galleries of Northern
Ireland.
[95]
The Palm House at the Botanic Gardens.
With 700,000 visitors in 2005,
[96]
one of the most popular parks
[97]
is
Botanic Gardens in the Queen's Quarter. Built in the 1830s and
designed by Sir Charles Lanyon, Botanic Gardens Palm House is one
of the earliest examples of a curvilinear and cast iron glasshouse.
[98]
Other attractions in the park include the Tropical Ravine, a humid
jungle glen built in 1889, rose gardens and public events ranging from
live opera broadcasts to pop concerts.
[99]
U2 played here in 1997. Sir
Thomas and Lady Dixon Park, to the south of the city centre, attracts
thousands of visitors each year to its International Rose Garden.
[100]
Rose Week in July each year features over 20,000 blooms.
[101]
It has
an area of 128 acres (0.52 km
2
) of meadows, woodland and gardens
and features a Princess Diana Memorial Garden, a Japanese Garden, a walled garden, and the Golden Crown
Fountain commissioned in 2002 as part of the Queen's Golden Jubilee celebrations.
[100]
Belfast
85
In 2008, Belfast was named a finalist in the Large City (200,001 and over) category of the RHS Britain in Bloom
competition along with London Borough of Croydon and Sheffield.
Belfast Zoo is owned by Belfast City Council. The council spends £1.5 million every year on running and promoting
the zoo, which is one of the few local government-funded zoos in the UK and Ireland. The Zoo is one of the top
visitor attraction in Northern Ireland, receiving more than 295,000 visitors a year. The majority of the animals are in
danger in their natural habitat. The zoo houses more than 1,200 animals of 140 species including Asian Elephants,
Barbary Lions, a White Tigers (one of the few in the United Kingdom), three species of penguin, a family of
Western Lowland Gorillas, a troop of Common Chimpanzees, a Red Panda and several species of langur. The zoo
also carries out important conservation work and takes part in European and international breeding programmes
which help to ensure the survival of many species under threat.
[102]
Demography
Panorama of Belfast
In the 2001 census, the population within the city limits (the Belfast
Urban Area) was 276,459,
[103]
while 579,554 people lived in the wider
Belfast Metropolitan Area.
[104]
This made it the fifteenth-largest city in
the United Kingdom, but the eleventh-largest conurbation.
[105]
Belfast
experienced a huge growth in population around the first half of the
twentieth century. This rise slowed and peaked around the start of the
Troubles with the 1971 census showing almost 600,000 people in the Belfast Urban Area.
[106]
Since then, the inner
city numbers have dropped dramatically as people have moved to swell the Greater Belfast suburb population. The
2001 census population within the same Urban Area, had fallen to 277,391
[103]
people, with 579,554 people living in
the wider Belfast Metropolitan Area.
[104]
The 2001 census records roughly 81,650 people from Catholic
backgrounds and 79,650 people from Protestant backgrounds of working age living in Belfast.
[107]
The population
density in the same year was 2,415 people/km² (compared to 119 for the rest of Northern Ireland).
[108]
As with many
cities, Belfast's inner city is currently characterised by the elderly, students and single young people, while families
tend to live on the periphery. Socio-economic areas radiate out from the Central Business District, with a pronounced
wedge of affluence extending out the Malone Road and Upper Malone Road to the south.
[106]
An area of greater
deprivation extends to the west of the city. The areas around the Falls and Shankill Roads are the most deprived
wards in Northern Ireland.
[109]
Despite a period of relative peace, most areas and districts of Belfast still reflect the divided nature of Northern
Ireland as a whole. Many areas are still highly segregated along ethnic, political and religious lines, especially in
working-class neighbourhoods.
[110]
These zones – 'Catholic' or 'Republican' on one side and 'Protestant', or 'Loyalist'
on the other – are invariably marked by flags, graffiti and murals. Segregation has been present throughout the
history of Belfast, but has been maintained and increased by each outbreak of violence in the city. This escalation in
segregation, described as a "ratchet effect", has shown little sign of decreasing during times of peace.
[111]
When
violence flares, it tends to be in interface areas. The highest levels of segregation in the city are in west Belfast with
many areas greater than 90% Catholic. Opposite but comparatively high levels are seen in the predominantly
Protestant east Belfast.
[112]
Areas where segregated working-class areas meet are known as interface areas.
Ethnic minority communities have been in Belfast since the 1930s.
[113]
The largest groups are Chinese and Irish
travellers. Since the expansion of the European Union, numbers have been boosted by an influx of Eastern European
immigrants. Census figures (2001) showed that Belfast has a total ethnic minority population of 4,584 or 1.3% of the
population. Over half of these live in south Belfast, where they comprise 2.63% of the population.
[113]
The majority
of the estimated 5,000 Muslims
[114]
and 200 Hindu families
[115]
living in Northern Ireland live in the Greater Belfast
area.
Belfast
86
Economy
The IRA Ceasefire in 1994 and the signing of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 have given investors increased
confidence to invest in Belfast.
[116][117]
This has led to a period of sustained economic growth and large-scale
redevelopment of the city centre. Developments include Victoria Square, the Cathedral Quarter, and the Laganside
with the Odyssey complex and the landmark Waterfront Hall.
The Waterfront Hall. Built in 1997, the hall is a
concert, exhibition and conference venue.
Other major developments include the regeneration of the Titanic
Quarter, and the erection of the Obel Tower, a skyscraper set to be the
tallest tower on the island.
[118]
Today, Belfast is Northern Ireland's
educational and commercial hub. In February 2006, Belfast's
unemployment rate stood at 4.2%, lower than both the Northern
Ireland
[119]
and the UK average of 5.5%.
[120]
Over the past 10 years
employment has grown by 16.4 per cent, compared with 9.2 per cent
for the UK as a whole.
[121]
Northern Ireland's peace dividend has led to soaring property prices in
the city. In 2007, Belfast saw house prices grow by 50%, the fastest
rate of growth in the UK.
[122]
In March 2007, the average house in Belfast cost £91,819, with the average in south
Belfast being £141,000.
[123]
In 2004, Belfast had the lowest owner occupation rate in Northern Ireland at 54%.
[124]
Peace has also boosted the numbers of tourists coming to Belfast. There were 6.4 million visitors in 2005, which was
a growth of 8.5% from 2004. The visitors spent £285.2 million, supporting more than 15,600 jobs.
[125]
Visitor
numbers rose by 6% to reach 6.8 million in 2006, with tourists spending £324 million, an increase of 15% on
2005.
[126]
The city's two airports have helped make the city one of the most visited weekend destinations in
Europe.
[127]
Belfast has been the fastest-growing economy of the thirty largest British cities over the past decade, a new economy
report by Howard Spencer has found. "That's because [of] the fundamentals of the UK economy and [because]
people actually want to invest in the UK," he commented on that report.
[128]
BBC Radio 4's World reported furthermore that despite higher levels of corporation tax in the UK than in the
Republic. There are "huge amounts" of foreign investment coming into the country.
[129]
The Times wrote about Belfast's growing economy: "According to the region's development agency, throughout the
1990s Northern Ireland had the fastest-growing regional economy in the UK, with GDP increasing 1 per cent per
annum faster than the rest of the country. As with any modern economy, the service sector is vital to Northern
Ireland's development and is enjoying excellent growth. In particular, the region has a booming tourist industry with
record levels of visitors and tourist revenues and has also established itself as a significant location for call
centres."
[130]
Since the ending of the regions conflict tourism has boomed in Northern Ireland, greatly aided by low
cost.
[130]
Der Spiegel, a German weekly magazine for politics and economy, titled Belfast as The New Celtic Tiger which is
"open for business".
[131]
Belfast
87
Industrial growth
A 1907 stereoscope postcard depicting the
construction of a liner (possibly RMS Olympic) at
the Harland and Wolff shipyard.
When the population of Belfast town began to grow in the 17th
century, its economy was built on commerce.
[132]
It provided a market
for the surrounding countryside and the natural inlet of Belfast Lough
gave the city its own port. The port supplied an avenue for trade with
Great Britain and later Europe and North America. In the mid-17th
century, Belfast exported beef, butter, hides, tallow and corn and it
imported coal, cloth, wine, brandy, paper, timber and tobacco.
[132]
Around this time, the linen trade in Northern Ireland blossomed and by
the middle of the 18th century, one fifth of all the linen exported from
Ireland was shipped from Belfast.
[132]
The present city however is a
product of the Industrial Revolution.
[133]
It was not until industry transformed the linen and shipbuilding trades that
the economy and the population boomed. By the turn of the 19th century, Belfast had transformed into the largest
linen producing centre in the world,
[134]
earning the nickname "Linenopolis".
Belfast harbour was dredged in 1845 to provide deeper berths for larger ships. Donegall Quay was built out into the
river as the harbour was developed further and trade flourished.
[135]
The Harland and Wolff shipbuilding firm was
created in 1861, and by the time the Titanic was built, in 1912, it had become the largest shipyard in the world.
[46]
Samson and Goliath, Harland & Wolff's gantry
cranes.
Short Brothers plc is a British aerospace company based in Belfast. It
was the first aircraft manufacturing company in the world. The
company began its association with Belfast in 1936, with Short &
Harland Ltd, a venture jointly owned by Shorts and Harland and Wolff.
Now known as Shorts Bombardier it works as an international aircraft
manufacturer located near the Port of Belfast.
[136]
The rise of
mass-produced and cotton clothing following World War I were some
of the factors which led to the decline of Belfast's international linen
trade.
[134]
Like many British cities dependent on traditional heavy
industry, Belfast suffered serious decline since the 1960s, exacerbated
greatly in the 1970s and 1980s by the Troubles. More than 100,000
manufacturing jobs have been lost since the 1970s.
[137]
For several decades, Northern Ireland's fragile economy
required significant public support from the British exchequer of up to £4 billion per year.
[137]
Ongoing sectarian
violence has made it difficult for Belfast to compete with Dublin's Celtic Tiger economy.
[137]
This has meant that
wage rates in Belfast and Northern Ireland until recently were significantly lower than those in the Republic of
Ireland. The effect of the economic depression in the Irish Republic on wage levels is not yet fully apparent. The cost
of living in Northern Ireland is significantly lower than in the Republic and this has created a retail boom in border
towns and cities.
Belfast
88
Infrastructure
Working-class terraced houses in Pakenham
Street, Shaftesbury Square, south Belfast, during
the Troubles. They have since been fully
rehabilitated.
Belfast saw the worst of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, with nearly
half of the total deaths in the conflict occurring in the city. However,
since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, there has been significant
urban regeneration in the city centre including Victoria Square,
Queen's Island and Laganside as well as the Odyssey complex and the
landmark Waterfront Hall. The city is served by two airports: The
George Best Belfast City Airport adjacent to Belfast Lough and Belfast
International Airport which is near Lough Neagh. Queen's University
of Belfast is the main university in the city. The University of Ulster
also maintains a campus in the city, which concentrates on fine art,
design and architecture.
Belfast is one of the constituent cities that makes up the Dublin-Belfast
corridor region, which has a population of just under 3 million.
Utilities
Silent Valley Reservoir, showing the brick-built
overflow
Most of Belfast's water is supplied from the Silent Valley Reservoir in
County Down, created to collect water from the Mourne
Mountains.
[138]
The rest of the city's water is sourced from Lough
Neagh, via Dunore Water Treatment Works in County Antrim.
[139]
The
citizens of Belfast pay for their water in their rates bill. Plans to bring
in additional water tariffs have been deferred by devolution in May
2007.
[140]
Belfast has approximately 1,300 km (808 mi) of sewers,
which are currently being replaced in a project costing over £100
million and due for completion in 2009.
[141]
Northern Ireland Electricity is responsible for transmitting electricity in
Northern Ireland. Belfast's electricity comes from Kilroot Power
Station, a 520 megawatt dual coal and oil fired plant, situated near Carrickfergus.
[139]
Phoenix Natural Gas Ltd. has
been granted the licence for the transportation of natural gas across the Irish Sea from Stranraer to supply Greater
Belfast from a base station near Carrickfergus.
[139]
Rates in Belfast (and the rest of Northern Ireland) were reformed
in April 2007. The discrete capital value system means rates bills are determined by the capital value of each
domestic property as assessed by the Valuation and Lands Agency.
[142]
The recent dramatic rise in house prices has
made these reforms unpopular.
[143]
Health care
The Belfast Health & Social Care Trust is one of five trusts that were created on 1 April 2007 by the Department of
Health. Belfast contains most of Northern Ireland's regional specialist centres.
[144]
The Royal Victoria Hospital is an
internationally-renowned centre of excellence in trauma care and provides specialist trauma care for all of Northern
Ireland.
[145]
It also provides the city's specialist neurosurgical, ophthalmology, ENT, and dentistry services. The
Belfast City Hospital is the regional specialist centre for haematology and is home to a cancer centre that rivals the
best in the world.
[146]
The Mary G McGeown Regional Nephrology Unit at the City Hospital is the kidney transplant
centre and provides regional renal services for Northern Ireland.
[147]
Musgrave Park Hospital in south Belfast
specialises in orthopaedics, rheumatology, sports medicine and rehabilitation. It is home to Northern Ireland's first
Acquired Brain Injury Unit, costing £9 million and opened by the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall in
Belfast
89
May 2006.
[148]
Other hospitals in Belfast include the Mater Hospital in north Belfast and the Children's Hospital.
Transport
George Best Belfast City Airport.
Great Victoria Street station of Northern Ireland
Railways
Belfast is a relatively car-dependent city by European standards, with
an extensive road network including the 22.5 miles (36 km) M2 and
M22 motorway route.
[149]
A recent survey of how people travel in
Northern Ireland showed that people in Belfast made 77% of all
journeys by car, 11% by public transport and 6% on foot.
[150]
It also
showed that Belfast has 0.70 cars per household compared to figures of
1.18 in the East and 1.14 in the West of Northern Ireland.
[150]
A road
improvement-scheme in Belfast began early in 2006, with the
upgrading of two junctions along the Westlink dual-carriageway to
grade-separated standard. The improvement scheme was completed
five months ahead of schedule on February 2009, with the official
opening taking place on 4 March 2009.
[151]
Commentators have argued
that this may create a bottleneck at York Street, the next at-grade
intersection, until that too is upgraded. On 25th October 2012 the stage
2 report for the York Street intersection was approved
[152]
and in
December of 2012 the planned upgrade moved into stage 3 of the
development process. If successfully completing the necessary
statutory procedures, work on a grade separated junction to connect the
Westlink to the M2/M3 motorways is scheduled to take place between
2014 and 2018,
[153]
creating a continuous link between the M1 and
M2, the two main motorways in Northern Ireland.
Black taxis are common in the city, operating on a share basis in some areas. These are outnumbered by private hire
taxis. Bus and rail public transport in Northern Ireland is operated by subsidiaries of Translink. Bus services in the
city proper and the nearer suburbs are operated by Translink Metro, with services focusing on linking residential
districts with the city centre on 12 quality bus corridors running along main radial roads, resulting in poor
connections between different suburban areas. More distant suburbs are served by Ulsterbus. Northern Ireland
Railways provides suburban services along three lines running through Belfast's northern suburbs to Carrickfergus
and Larne, eastwards towards Bangor and south-westwards towards Lisburn and Portadown. This service is known
as the Belfast Suburban Rail system. Belfast also has a direct rail connection with Dublin called Enterprise which is
operated jointly by NIR and Iarnród Éireann, the state railway company of the Republic of Ireland.
In April 2008, the Department for Regional Development reported on a plan for a light-rail system, similar to that in
Dublin. The consultants said Belfast does not have the population to support a light rail system, suggesting that
investment in bus-based rapid transit would be preferable.The study found that bus-based rapid transit produces
positive economic results, but light rail does not. The report by Atkins & KPMG, however, said there would be the
option of migrating to light rail in the future should the demand increase.
[154][155]
The city has two airports: the Belfast International Airport offers domestic, European flights and 1 transatlantic flight
to Newark, NJ provided by United Airlines and is located north-west of the city, near Lough Neagh, while the
George Best Belfast City Airport, which is closer to the city centre by train from Sydenham on the Bangor Line,
adjacent to Belfast Lough, offers UK domestic flights and a few European flights. In 2005, Belfast International
Airport was the 11th busiest commercial airport in the UK, accounting for just over 2% of all UK terminal
passengers while the George Best Belfast City Airport was the 16th busiest and had 1% of UK terminal passengers.
The Belfast – Liverpool route is the busiest domestic flight route in the UK excluding London with 555,224
Belfast
90
passengers in 2009. Over 2.2 million passengers also flew between Belfast and London in 2009.
[156]
Belfast has a large port which is used for exporting and importing goods, and for passenger ferry services. Stena Line
run regular routes to Cairnryan, Loch Ryan, Wigtownshire in Scotland using its HSS (High Speed Service) vessel –
with a crossing time of around 90 minutes – and/or its conventional vessel – with a crossing time of around 3 hours
45 minutes. Norfolkline – formally Norse Merchant Ferries – offers a passenger/cargo ferry to and from Liverpool,
with a crossing time of 8 hours and a seasonal sailing to Douglas, Isle of Man is operated by the Isle of Man Steam
Packet Company.
Culture
Belfast's population is evenly split between its Protestant and Catholic residents.
[103]
These two distinct cultural
communities have both contributed significantly to the city's culture. Throughout the Troubles, Belfast artists
continued to express themselves through poetry, art and music. In the period since the Good Friday Agreement in
1998, Belfast has begun a social, economic and cultural transformation giving it a growing international cultural
reputation.
[157]
In 2003, Belfast had an unsuccessful bid for the 2008 European Capital of Culture. The bid was run
by an independent company, Imagine Belfast, who boasted that it would "make Belfast the meeting place of Europe's
legends, where the meaning of history and belief find a home and a sanctuary from caricature, parody and
oblivion."
[158]
According to The Guardian the bid may have been undermined by the city's history and volatile
politics.
[159]
In 2004–05, art and cultural events in Belfast were attended by 1.8 million people (400,000 more than the previous
year). The same year, 80,000 people participated in culture and arts activities, twice as many as in 2003–04.
[160]
A
combination of relative peace, international investment and an active promotion of arts and culture is attracting more
tourists to Belfast than ever before. In 2004–05, 5.9 million people visited Belfast, a 10% increase from the previous
year, and spent £262.5 million.
[160]
The Beatles emerging from the Ritz Cinema,
Belfast following their concert, 8 November
1963.
The Ulster Orchestra, based in Belfast, is Northern Ireland's only
full-time symphony orchestra and is well renowned in the United
Kingdom. Founded in 1966, it has existed in its present form since
1981, when the BBC Northern Ireland Orchestra was disbanded.
[161]
The music school of Queen's University is responsible for arranging a
notable series of lunchtime and evening concerts, often given by
renowned musicians which are usually given in The Harty Room at the
university (University Square).
There are many Traditional Irish bands playing throughout the city and
quite a few music schools concentrate on teaching Traditional music.
Well known city centre venues would include Kelly's Cellars, Maddens
and the Hercules bar. Famous artists would include The McPeakes,
Brian Kennedy and the band 9Lies.
Musicians and bands who have written songs about or dedicated to Belfast: U2, Van Morrison, Snow Patrol, Simple
Minds, Elton John, Katie Melua, Boney M, Paul Muldoon, Stiff Little Fingers, Nanci Griffith, Glenn Patterson,
Orbital, James Taylor, Spandau Ballet, The Police, Barnbrack, Gary Moore Neon Neon.((Energy orchard))
Further in Belfast the Oh Yeah Music Centre is located (Cathedral Quarter), a project founded to give young
musicians and artists a place where they can share ideas and kick-start their music careers as chance to been
supported and promoted by professional musicians of Northern Ireland's music-scene.
Like all areas of the island of Ireland outside of the Gaeltacht, the Irish language in Belfast is not that of an unbroken
intergenerational transmission. Due to community activity in the 1960s, including the establishment of the Shaws
Road Gaeltacht community, the expanse in the Irish language arts, and the advancements made in the availability of
Belfast
91
Irish medium education throughout the city, it can now be said that there is a 'mother-tongue' community of
speakers. The language is heavily promoted in the city and is particularly visible in the Falls Road area, where the
signs on both the iconic black taxis and on the public buses are bilingual.
[162]
Belfast has the highest concentration of
Irish speakers in Northern Ireland. Projects to promote the language in the city are funded by various sources,
notably Foras na Gaeilge, an all-Ireland body funded by both the Irish and British governments. There are a number
Irish language Primary schools and one secondary school in Belfast. The provision of certain resources for these
schools (for example, such as the provision of textbooks) is supported by the charitable organisation TACA.
Media
Broadcasting House on Ormeau Avenue, home to
BBC Northern Ireland.
Belfast is the home of the Irish News, Belfast Telegraph, and The News
Letter, the oldest English-language newspaper in the world still in
publication.
[163][164]
The city also contains a number of free
publications including Go Belfast, Fate magazine and the Vacuum that
are distributed through bar, cafes and public venues.
The city is the headquarters of BBC Northern Ireland, the ITV station
UTV and the commercial radio stations Belfast CityBeat & U105. Two
community radio stations, Blast 106 and Irish-language station Raidió
Fáilte broadcast to the city from west Belfast, as well as Queen's Radio
– a student-run radio station which broadcasts from Queen's University
Students' Union. One of Northern Ireland's two community TV stations
NvTv is based in the Cathedral Quarter of the city. There are two independent cinemas in Belfast, the Queen's Film
Theatre and the Strand Cinema, which host screenings during the Belfast Film Festival and the Belfast Festival at
Queen's. Also broadcasting only over the Internet is the Cultural Radio Station for Northern Ireland, supporting
community relations, Homely Planet.
[165]
The city has become a popular film location, with The Paint Hall at Harland and Wolff becoming one of the UK
Film Council's main studios. The facility comprises four stages of 16,000 square feet (1,000 m
2
). Films shot at The
Paint Hall include City of Ember. Filming for HBO's Game of Thrones began in late 2009.
In November 2011, Belfast became the smallest city to host the MTV Europe Music Awards.
[166]
The event was
hosted by Selena Gomez and celebrities such as Justin Bieber, Jessie J, Hayden Panettiere and Lady Gaga travelled
to Northern Ireland to attend the event, which was held in the Odyssey Arena.
Belfast
92
Sports
George Best mural, close to his
childhood home in the Cregagh
estate.
Watching and playing sports is an important part of Belfast culture. Almost six
out of ten (59%) of the adult population in Northern Ireland regularly participate
in one or more sports.
[167]
Belfast has several notable sports teams playing a
diverse variety of sports including Gaelic games, rugby, cricket, football and ice
hockey as well as many urban sports like skateboarding, bmx and
parkour/freerunning. The Belfast Marathon is run annually on May Day, and
attracted 20,000 participants in 2011.
[168]
Gaelic football is the most popular spectator sport in Ireland,
[169]
and Belfast is
home to over twenty football and hurling clubs.
[170]
Casement Park in west
Belfast, home to the Antrim county teams, has a capacity of 32,000 which makes
it the second largest Gaelic Athletic Association ground in Ulster.
[171]
The 2006
Celtic League champions and 1999 European Rugby Union champions Ulster
play at Ravenhill in south Belfast. Belfast has four teams in rugby's All-Ireland
League: Belfast Harlequins in Division 1B; and Instonians, Queen's University
and Malone in Division 2A.
The Northern Ireland national football team, ranked 88th in December 2011 in the FIFA World Rankings,
[172]
and
are outside the top 43 in the FIFA rankings per capita in July 2011
[173]
plays its home matches in Windsor Park. The
current Irish League champions Linfield are also based at Windsor Park, in the south of the city. Other teams include
2008/09 champions Glentoran based in east Belfast, Cliftonville and Crusaders in north Belfast and Donegal Celtic
in west Belfast. Belfast was the home town of Manchester United legend George Best who died in November 2005.
On the day he was buried in the city, 100,000 people lined the route from his home on the Cregagh Road to
Roselawn cemetery.
[174]
Since his death the City Airport was named after him and a trust has been set up to fund a
memorial to him in the city centre.
[175]
Ice hockey is one of Northern Ireland's most popular sports mainly down to it being home to one of the biggest
British clubs, the Belfast Giants. The Giants were founded in 2000 and play their games at the 9500 capacity
Odyssey Arena, crowds normally range from 4,000–7,000. Many ex-NHL players have featured on the Giants roster,
none more famous than world superstar Theo Fleury. The Giants play in the 10 team professional Elite Ice Hockey
League which is the top league in Britain. The Giants have won the championship once (in the 2005–2006 season)
and have been runners up three times. The Belfast Giants are a huge brand in Northern Ireland and their increasing
stature in the game led to the Belfast Giants playing the Boston Bruins of the NHL on 2 October 2010 at the Odyssey
Arena in Belfast, losing the game 5–1.
Other significant sportspeople from Belfast include double world snooker champion Alex "Hurricane" Higgins
[176]
and world champion boxers Wayne McCullough and Rinty Monaghan.
[177]
Leander A.S.C is a well known
swimming club in Belfast. Belfast also produced the Formula One racing stars John Watson who raced for five
different teams during his career in the 1970s and 1980s and Ferrari driver Eddie Irvine.
Belfast
93
Education
The Lanyon Building of Queen's University in
south Belfast
Belfast has two universities. Queen's University Belfast was founded in
1845 and is a member of the Russell Group, an association of 20
leading research-intensive universities in the UK.
[178]
It is one of the
largest universities in the UK with 25,231 undergraduate and
postgraduate students spread over 250 buildings, 120 of which are
listed as being of architectural merit.
[179]
The University of Ulster,
created in its current form in 1984, is a multi-centre university with a
campus in the Cathedral Quarter of Belfast. The Belfast campus has a
specific focus on Art and Design and Architecture, and is currently
undergoing major redevelopment. The Jordanstown campus, just seven
miles (11 km) from Belfast city centre concentrates on engineering,
health and social science. The Coleraine campus, about 55 miles from
Belfast city centre concentrates on a broad range of subjects. Course provision is broad – biomedical sciences,
environmental science and geography, psychology, business, the humanities and languages, film and journalism,
travel and tourism, teacher training and computing are among the campus strengths. The Magee campus, about 70
miles from Belfast city centre has many teaching strengths; including business, computing, creative technologies,
nursing, Irish language and literature, social sciences, law, psychology, peace and conflict studies and the performing
arts. The Conflict Archive on the INternet (CAIN) Web Service receives funding from both universities and is a rich
source of information and source material on the Troubles as well as society and politics in Northern Ireland.
[180]
Belfast Metropolitan College is a large further education college with several campuses around the city. Formerly
known as Belfast Institute of Further and Higher Education, it specialises in vocational education. The college has
over 53,000 students enrolled on full-time and part-time courses, making it one of the largest further education
colleges in the UK.
[181]
The Belfast Education and Library Board was established in 1973 as the local authority responsible for education,
youth and library services within the city.
[182]
There are 184 primary, secondary and grammar schools in the
city.
[183]
The Ulster Museum is also located in Belfast.
Tourism
Belfast is one of the most visited cities in the UK, and the second most visited on the island of Ireland. In 2008, 7.1
million tourists visited the city. There are numerous popular tour bus companies and boat tours running throughout
the year.
Frommer's, the American travel guidebook series, listed Belfast as the only United Kingdom destination in its Top 12
Destinations to Visit in 2009. The other listed destinations were Istanbul, Berlin, Cape Town, Saqqara, Washington
DC, Cambodia, Waiheke Island, Cartagena, Waterton Lakes National Park, the Selma To Montgomery National
Historic Trail, Alabama and the Lassen Volcanic National Park
[184]
The Belfast City Council is currently investing into the complete redevelopment of the Titanic Quarter, which is
planned to consist of apartments, hotels and a riverside entertainment district. A major visitor attraction; Titanic
Belfast, opened in April 2012. They also hope to invest in a new modern transport system (high-speed rail and
others) for Belfast, with a cost of £250 million.
[185]
There is also a large tourist information centre located at Donegall Place.
Belfast
94
Sister cities
Belfast is twinned with:
• Nashville, United States
[186]
• Hefei, China
[187]
References
[1] "Demography" (http:// www. nisra. gov. uk/ Census/ pop_press_release_2_2011. pdf). NISRA. . Retrieved 2012-12-18.
[2] The UK's major urban areas (http:// www.statistics. gov.uk/ downloads/ theme_compendia/ fom2005/03_FOPM_UrbanAreas.pdf) Office
for National Statistics (Belfast Urban Area defined in footnote 6, page 16 of the pdf)
[3] Statistical Classification and Delineation of Settlements (http:/ / www. nisra.gov.uk/ archive/demography/ publications/ urban_rural/
ur_gaz.pdf), NISRA, Feb 2005, , retrieved 13 May 2012
[4] http:// getamap. ordnancesurvey.co. uk/ getamap/ frames. htm?mapAction=gaz&gazName=g&gazString=J338740
[5] http:// www.belfastcity. gov. uk/
[6] Wakefield, Edward. An account of Ireland, statistical and political: in two volumes (http://books. google.co.uk/
books?id=YeI_AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA693#v=onepage). 2. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown. pp. 693–694. .
[7] "Census for post 1821 figures" (http:// www. cso. ie/ census). Cso.ie. Archived (http:/ /web. archive.org/web/ 20100920090814/http:/ / cso.
ie/ census) from the original on 20 September 2010. . Retrieved 2010-08-12.
[8] "Home" (http:// www. histpop. org). Histpop.Org. 2 April 2007. . Retrieved 2010-11-13.
[9] NISRA. "Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency – Census Home Page" (http:/ / www. nisranew. nisra.gov.uk/ census).
Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. . Retrieved 2010-08-12.
[10] Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A.. Irish Population, Economy, and
Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
[11] Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850" (http:/ / www3.
interscience.wiley. com/ journal/120035880/ abstract). The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488.
doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. .
[12] "Belfast City Council. Belfast: A Profile of the City. Demographics" (http:// www. belfastcity. gov.uk/ factsandfigures/demographics.asp).
Belfastcity.gov.uk. Archived (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20100925231740/ http:/ / belfastcity. gov.uk/ factsandfigures/ demographics.
asp) from the original on 25 September 2010. . Retrieved 2010-08-12.
[13] Royal Mint (http:// www. royalmint. com/ discover/ ukcities/ belfast_article.aspx) – Belfast
[14] Beesley, S. and Wilde, J. 1997. Urban Flora of Belfast. The Institute of Irish Studies and The Queen's University of Belfast. ISBN 0 85389
695 X
[15] Woodlands (http:/ / www. woodlands-junior.kent. sch. uk/ customs/ questions/ population/ cities. htm) – What is the population of Britain's
major cities ?
[16] "Northern Ireland" (http:/ / www. webcitation. org/query?id=1257012982925640). Northern Ireland. Microsoft. Archived from the original
(http:// encarta. msn. com/ encyclopedia_761571415/ Northern_Ireland.html) on 31 October 2009. . Retrieved 2007-10-29.
[17] Dictionary of the Irish Language (http:/ / www. dil. ie/ browse-small.asp): bél (Letter B, Column 61); fertas (Letter F, Column 96).
[18] "Placenames Database of Ireland – Belfast" (http:/ / www. logainm. ie/ ?text=Belfast& placeID=118005&uiLang=en). Logainm.ie. .
Retrieved 2010-08-12.
[19] "Placenames/Logainmneacha – Belfast" (http:/ / www. bbc. co. uk/ northernireland/irish/ blas/ education/ beginnersblas/ 1belfast. shtml).
BBC Northern Ireland – Education. BBC. . Retrieved 2007-05-17.
[20] Keenan, Desmond (2000). Pre-Famine Ireland (http:// www. deskeenan. com/ 4PrChapter5.htm). XLibris.com. Chapter 5. .
[21] "Placenames Database of Ireland – Belfarsad" (http:/ / www. logainm.ie/ 37016.aspx). Logainm.ie. . Retrieved 2010-11-13.
[22] Hogan, Edmund (1910). Onomasticon Goedelicum (http:/ / publish. ucc.ie/ doi/ locus/ B). Dublin. .; O'Donovan, John (1856). Annals of the
Kingdom of Ireland (http:/ / www. archive.org/stream/annalarioghachta04ocle#page/1100/ mode/ 2up). Dublin. .
[23] "The Linen Hall Library" (http:// www. linenhall. com/ irishAndReference.asp#ULSTERSCOTS). The Linen Hall Library. . Retrieved
2011-04-13.
[24] 2006 annual report in Ulster-Scots (http:// www. northsouthministerialcouncil.org/web_2006_ulster_scots_report. pdf) North/South
Ministerial Council.
[25] BBC Ulster-Scots Library – Switherin agen (http:// www.bbc.co. uk/ ulsterscots/ library/switherin-agen) Ullans Speakers Association.
Retrieved 6 October 2011.
[26] North-South Ministerial Council: 2010 Annual Report in Ulster Scots (http:/ / www. northsouthministerialcouncil.org/
annual_report_2010_ulster_scots. pdf)
[27] North-South Ministerial Council: 2009 Annual Report in Ulster Scots (http:// www. northsouthministerialcouncil.org/
ulster_scots_nsmc_2009_annual_report-3. pdf)
[28] "Belfast City Hall" (http:// www. discovernorthernireland.com/ product.aspx?ProductID=2782). Discover Northern Ireland. Ireland
Tourist Board. Archived (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20070616234058/ http:/ / www. discovernorthernireland.com/product.
Belfast
95
aspx?ProductID=2782) from the original on 16 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[29] "Belfast, Newcastle and the County Down Coast" (http:/ / www.countydown.com/). County Down Northern Ireland. GoIreland.com.
Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20081219115641/ http:/ / www. countydown. com/ ) from the original on 19 December 2008. .
Retrieved 2009-01-17.
[30] Komesu, Okifumi (1990). Irish Writers and Politics (http:/ / books.google.com/ ?id=AwFO2Z8Bk0YC& pg=PA73&lpg=PA73&
dq="yellow+ hugh+ o+ neill"). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-389-20926-3. .
[31] "Celebrations mark the arrival of first Ulster Scots in Ireland" (http:/ / www. theflightoftheearls.net/ May2406. pdf) (PDF). Irish News. 24
April 2006. Archived (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20070927114138/ http:/ / www. theflightoftheearls.net/ May2406. pdf) from the
original on 27 September 2007. . Retrieved 2007-09-18.
[32] "Cranes to remain on city skyline" (http://news. bbc. co. uk/ 1/ hi/ northern_ireland/3176184.stm). BBC News. 9 October 2003. .
Retrieved 2007-03-12.
[33] [33] Robert Lynch, The Northern IRA and the Early Years of Partition, p227
[34] "The Belfast blitz is remembered" (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 1/ hi/ northern_ireland/1269206.stm). BBC News. 11 April 2001. . Retrieved
2007-03-12.
[35] Ó Dochartaigh, Niall (1999). From Civil Rights To Armalites. Cork University Press. p. 292. ISBN 978-1-85918-108-9.
[36] "Sutton Index of Deaths" (http:// news. bbc. co. uk/ 1/ hi/ northern_ireland/1269206.stm). CAIN. 11 April 2001. . Retrieved 2007-09-10.
[37] "Belfast City Hall: History and Background" (http:// www.belfastcity. gov.uk/ cityhall/ history.asp?menuitem=background). Belfast City
Council. Archived (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20070504052645/ http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov.uk/ cityhall/ history.
asp?menuitem=background) from the original on 4 May 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[38] "Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971" (http:// cain. ulst. ac. uk/ hmso/ lgba1971.htm). Conflict Archive on the
Internet (CAIN). 2007. Archived (http:/ /web. archive.org/ web/ 20070707194021/ http://cain.ulst. ac. uk/ hmso/ lgba1971.htm) from the
original on 7 July 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[39] "Councillors: Lord Mayor" (http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov. uk/ councillors/ index. asp?menuitem2=lord-mayor). Belfast City Council.
Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20070607193627/ http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov. uk/ councillors/index.
asp?menuitem2=lord-mayor) from the original on 7 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[40] "Belfast City Council Elections 1993–2005" (http:// www. ark.ac. uk/ elections/ lgbelfast.htm). Northern Ireland Elections. Northern
Ireland Social and Political Archive (ARK). 2005. Archived (http://web. archive.org/web/20070608000519/ http:/ / www.ark.ac. uk/
elections/ lgbelfast. htm) from the original on 8 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[41] "Northern Ireland election" (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 1/ shared/ vote2007/ nielection/ html/ main.stm). BBC News. 9 March 2007.
Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20070316034723/ http:/ / news. bbc.co.uk/ 1/ shared/ vote2007/ nielection/ html/ main.stm) from
the original on 16 March 2007. . Retrieved 2007-03-13.
[42] "The 2005 Westminster elections in Northern Ireland" (http:/ / www. ark.ac. uk/ elections/ fw05.htm). Northern Ireland Elections.
Northern Ireland Social and Political Archive (ARK). 2005. Archived (http://web. archive.org/web/20070608002447/http:/ / www. ark.ac.
uk/ elections/ fw05. htm) from the original on 8 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[43] [43] King James Bible, Psalm 116 Verse 12
[44] "I reflected on the two mottos of Belfast and America – 'Pro Tanto Quid' and 'E Pluribus Unum'. I am reliably informed that these roughly
translate as 'In return for so much, what shall we give back?' and 'From many, one'." Celebrating diversity (http:/ / www. allianceparty.org/
news/ 000578/ celebrating_diversity_by_belfast_lord_mayor_tom_ekin.html), by Belfast Lord Mayor Tom Ekin
[45] Brett, C. E. B. (1967). Buildings of Belfast, 1700–1914. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
[46] "Introduction To Titanic – Titanic In History" (http:/ / web.archive.org/web/20070817040144/http:/ / www.titanicinbelfast. com/
template. aspx?pid=342& area=1&parent=321). Titanic. Built in Belfast. Ulster Folk and Transport Museum. Archived from the original
(http:/ / www.titanicinbelfast. com/ template. aspx?pid=342& area=1& parent=321) on 17 August 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[47] "Sunrise and sunset in Belfast" (http:/ / www. timeanddate. com/ worldclock/ astronomy.html?n=919). Sun Calculator. time and date.com. .
Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[48] "Lagan Weir – Why it exists" (http:/ / www. laganside. com/ laganweir.asp). Laganside. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/
20070418044643/ http:/ / www. laganside. com/ laganweir. asp) from the original on 18 April 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-25.
[49] "Area Measurements in Northern Ireland" (http:/ / www. nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/ census/ area_measurement.html). 2001 census Data.
Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency. 2001. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/web/ 20070617083217/ http:/ / www. nisranew.
nisra.gov. uk/ census/ area_measurement.html) from the original on 17 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[50] "Belfast City: Did you know?" (http:// www. discoverireland.com/ za/ ireland-places-to-go/areas-and-cities/belfast-city/highlights/
culture/). Discover Ireland. Tourism Ireland. 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[51] Des O'Reilly, Rivers of Belfast – A History (http:// www. colourpointbooks.co.uk/ more_details.php?id=1016)
[52] "Belfast Hills" (http:/ / www. discovernorthernireland.com/ product.aspx?ProductID=10391). Discover Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland
Tourist Board. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[53] "About the Cave Hill" (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20070206154855/ http:/ / www. cavehill.freeuk.com/ home. htm). The Cave Hill
Conservation Campaign. 2007. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. cavehill. freeuk.com/ home.htm) on 6 February 2007. . Retrieved
2007-05-25.
[54] "Station Locations" (http:/ / www. metoffice.gov. uk/ climate/ uk/ networks/ images/ map3.gif). . Retrieved 2011-09-23.
[55] "Climate: Northern Ireland" (http:/ / www. metoffice.gov. uk/ climate/ uk/ ni/ ). Met Office. . Retrieved 2007-05-25.
Belfast
96
[56] "2001 Minimum" (http:/ / www.metoffice.gov. uk/ climate/ uk/ extremes/ monthly_temperature_country.html). . Retrieved 2011-09-23.
[57] "Belfast, Northern Ireland – Average Conditions" (http:// www. bbc.co.uk/ weather/world/city_guides/ city. shtml?tt=TT003750). BBC
Weather Centre. BBC. . Retrieved 2009-10-08.
[58] "Rainfall in Ireland" (http:/ / www. met. ie/ climate/ rainfall.asp). Met Éireann. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20070602061707/
http:// www.met. ie/ climate/ rainfall.asp) from the original on 2 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-25.
[59] "1983 Maximum" (http:/ / eca. knmi. nl/ utils/ monitordetail.php?seasonid=13& year=1983&indexid=TXx&stationid=1821). . Retrieved
2011-09-23.
[60] "1971–2000 average warmest day" (http:/ / eca. knmi. nl/ utils/ calcdetail. php?seasonid=0& periodid=1971-2000&indexid=TXx&
stationid=1821). . Retrieved 2011-09-23.
[61] ">25c days" (http:// eca. knmi. nl/ utils/ calcdetail. php?seasonid=0& periodid=1971-2000&indexid=SU&stationid=1821). . Retrieved
2011-09-23.
[62] ">Jan 1982 Minimum" (http:/ / eca. knmi. nl/ utils/ monitordetail.php?seasonid=7& year=1982&indexid=TNn&stationid=1821). .
Retrieved 2011-09-23.
[63] ">Air frost Incidence" (http:/ / eca.knmi. nl/ utils/ calcdetail. php?seasonid=0& periodid=1971-2000&indexid=FD&stationid=1821). .
Retrieved 2011-09-23.
[64] ">Dec 2010 minimum" (http:// metofficenews. wordpress. com/ 2010/ 12/ 22/ ). . Retrieved 2011-09-23.
[65] "Climate Normals 1971–2000" (http:/ / eca. knmi. nl/ utils/ mapserver/ climatology.php?indexcat=**& indexid=FD&
periodidselect=1971-2000&seasonid=0& scalelogidselect=no& minx=-670357.142858& miny=-4294047.619048& maxx=-237023.
809524& maxy=-3969047.619048& MapSize=560,420& imagewidth=560& imageheight=420& mainmap.x=298& mainmap. y=104&
CMD=QUERY_POINT&CMD=QUERY_POINT#bottom). Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Sep 2011. . Retrieved 23 Sep 2011.
[66] "Annual average warmest day" (http:// eca. knmi. nl/ utils/ calcdetail.php?seasonid=0& periodid=1971-2000&indexid=TXx&
stationid=1640). . Retrieved 2011-09-22.
[67] ">25c days" (http:// eca. knmi. nl/ utils/ calcdetail. php?seasonid=0& periodid=1971-2000&indexid=SU&stationid=1640). . Retrieved
2011-09-22.
[68] ">Annual average coldest night" (http:/ / eca.knmi. nl/ utils/ calcdetail.php?seasonid=0& periodid=1971-2000&indexid=TNn&
stationid=1640). . Retrieved 2011-09-22.
[69] ">Average frost incidence" (http:// eca. knmi. nl/ utils/ calcdetail. php?seasonid=0& periodid=1971-2000&indexid=FD& stationid=1640). .
Retrieved 2011-09-22.
[70] http:// www.metoffice.gov. uk/ climate/ uk/ averages/ 19812010/ sites/ aldergrove.html
[71] Margrethe C. Lauber. Belfast's Peacelines: An Analysis of Urban Borders, Design and Social Space in a Divided City (http:/ / web. archive.
org/ web/ 20070208064520/ http:/ / www. mspacenyc. com/ belfast. study. html). Archived from the original (http:// www. mspacenyc.com/
belfast.study. html) on 8 February 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[72] ""A Process for Removing Interface Barriers", Tony Macaulay, July 2008" (http:/ / www. macaulayassociates. co.uk/ pdfs/ peace_wall. pdf)
(PDF). . Retrieved 2010-08-12.
[73] "Major makeover for Belfast city Centre" (http:// www. dsdni. gov.uk/ index/ news_items/ major-makover-belfast.htm). Department for
Social Development (NI). 12 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-06-12.
[74] "The Arterial Routes" (http:// www. planningni. gov. uk/ areaplans_policy/ Plans/ BMA/ draft_plan/02Part4/ volume2/ Arterial Routes/
ArterialRoutes. htm). Belfast Metropolitan Area Plan 2015 Draft Plan. The Planning Service. . Retrieved 2007-06-12.
[75] "The UK Postcode System" (http:// www. listmasters. co. uk/ postcodes. php). List Masters. 2005. Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/
20070624020159/http:/ / www. listmasters. co. uk/ postcodes. php) from the original on 24 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-06-12.
[76] "Exploring Belfast's cultural life" (http:// www. belfastcity. gov.uk/ culture/culturallife.asp?menuitem=culturallife). Belfast City Council.
2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-25.
[77] "Gaeltacht Quarter" (http:/ / www. dcalni. gov. uk/ index/ languages/ gaeltacht_quarter.htm). Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure.
2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-25.
[78] "Contact Details" (http:// www. ulstermuseum. org.uk/ contact-us/ contact-details/ ). The Ulster Museum. 2007. Archived (http:// web.
archive. org/web/ 20070529080126/ http:/ / www. ulstermuseum. org.uk/ contact-us/ contact-details/ ) from the original on 29 May 2007. .
Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[79] "The Golden Mile: Pub Crawl" (http:/ / www. belfastbar.co. uk/ The-Golden-Mile-articles.htm). Virtual Belfast. Archived (http:// web.
archive.org/web/ 20070624212510/ http:/ / www. belfastbar. co. uk/ The-Golden-Mile-articles.htm) from the original on 24 June 2007. .
Retrieved 2007-05-25.
[80] "Shopping At A Glance" (http:/ / www.visitsouthbelfast. com/tourism/default.asp?cms=Tourism_Things+ To+Do_Shopping_Shopping+
At+A+ Glance& cmsid=19_49_81_227& id=227& viewtype=Category). Visit South Belfast. South Belfast Partnership. . Retrieved
2007-05-18.
[81] Burns, Gemma (28 February 2007). "A passion for preserving Belfast's beauty" (http:// www. dailyireland.com/ home.
tvt?_scope=DailyIreland/South Belfast News/ Features& id=26382&psv=13&
_ticket=9NTHLXD4YGSGX4SGPNNADY7BZKLAFUUGUYRIJQOJBVXF9LLDN32STRRIVON9ANVRBNKACJ5J9QRFK11M9NTGNXT9CHUT71QFIRY4S0SEAOYFBHSJ5LE1HONDNMTEGPKACN1FURUQS10YM75OV6).
South Belfast News. . Retrieved 2007-03-12.
[82] "Corporate Message: The Vision" (http:/ / www. titanic-quarter.com/ about.php?ID=3). About Us at Titanic Quarter. Titanic Quarter. 2006.
Archived (http:/ / web. archive. org/web/ 20070503202406/ http:/ / www. titanic-quarter.com/ about.php?ID=3) from the original on 3 May
Belfast
97
2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[83] Krishna, Dutta (2003). Calcutta: A Cultural and Literary History (http:/ / books.google.com/ ?id=UKfoHi5412UC& pg=PA132&
dq="victoria+ memorial"+calcutta+ belfast+ -wikipedia). Signal Books. p. 132. ISBN 978-1-902669-59-5. .
[84] Wines, Michael (25 May 2006). "Where the Road to Renaming Does Not Run Smooth" (http:/ / www. nytimes. com/ 2007/05/ 25/ world/
africa/25durban.html?_r=1&oref=slogin). New York Times. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/web/ 20070919091549/ http:/ / www.
nytimes. com/ 2007/ 05/ 25/ world/ africa/25durban.html?_r=1&oref=slogin) from the original on 19 September 2007. . Retrieved
2007-10-01.
[85] "Historic Belfast: A guide to the City's landmark buildings" (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20070618164651/ http:/ / www. gotobelfast.
com/ index. cfm/level/ page/ category_key/ 197/ Page_Key/ 428/ Parent_Key/0/ type/ Page/ PaGeName/ Historic_Buildings_of_Belfast). Go
To Belfast. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. gotobelfast.com/ index. cfm/ level/page/ category_key/ 197/ Page_Key/ 428/
Parent_Key/ 0/ type/ Page/ PaGeName/ Historic_Buildings_of_Belfast) on 18 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-23.
[86] Morgan, Ian (4 March 2007). "Ireland's tallest building to be turned into flats" (http:// web. archive.org/web/ 20070929091452/ http:/ /
www. 24dash. com/ printNews/ 1/ 17408. htm). 24dash.com. Archived from the original (http:// www. 24dash.com/ printNews/ 1/ 17408.
htm) on 29 September 2007. . Retrieved 2007-06-02.
[87] "Belfast's tallest building revealed" (http:// ireland. archiseek.com/ news/ 2007/000024.html). Archiseek. 19 January 2007. . Retrieved
2007-06-02.
[88] "BBC seeks stars of Belfast film noir" (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 1/ hi/ northern_ireland/6388303.stm). BBC News Northern Ireland. 23
February 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-23.
[89] "Welcome to Belfast City" (http:/ / www. irishnews. com/ tourism/ belfast/ index.html). Irish News. . Retrieved 2007-05-23.
[90] "Grand Opera House" (http:// cinematreasures. org/ theater/2061/ ). Cinema Treasures. . Retrieved 2007-06-01.
[91] BBC (10 December 2004). "Neeson in bid to revive theatre" (http://news. bbc.co.uk/ 1/ hi/ northern_ireland/4083973.stm). BBC News.
Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20080116220650/ http:/ / news. bbc.co.uk/ 1/ hi/ northern_ireland/4083973.stm) from the original
on 16 January 2008. . Retrieved 2007-12-07.
[92] "Parks and gardens" (http:// www. gotobelfast. com/ what_to_do/ attractions/ parks__gardens.aspx). gotobelfast. 1 April 2007. . Retrieved
2009-05-16.
[93] "Forest of Belfast" (http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov. uk/ parksandopenspaces/ forestofbelfast.asp?menuitem=forest). Belfast City Council. .
Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[94] "Your City, Your Space" (http:// www. belfastcity. gov. uk/ parksandopenspaces/ openspacestrategy. asp?menuitem=yourcity). Belfast City
Council. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[95] "About the Field Club" (http:// www. habitas. org.uk/ bnfc/ about. html). Belfast Naturalists' Field Club. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[96] "Hansard 27 April 2006" (http:// www. publications. parliament.uk/ pa/ cm200506/ cmhansrd/ cm060427/ text/ 60427w07.htm). House of
Commons. . Retrieved 2007-10-01.
[97] "Botanic Gardens" (http:/ / web. archive.org/web/ 20070630140941/ http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov.uk/ parksandopenspaces/ parksdetails.
asp?id=54). Belfast City Council. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov. uk/ parksandopenspaces/ parksdetails. asp?id=54)
on 30 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[98] "Palm House Botanic Gardens, Belfast City" (http:/ / web. archive.org/web/ 20080513021454/ http:/ / www. gardensireland.com/
palm-house. html). Houses, Castles and Gardens of Ireland. Archived from the original (http:// www. gardensireland.com/ palm-house.html)
on 13 May 2008. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[99] "Tropical Ravine" (http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov. uk/ parksandopenspaces/ tropicalravine.asp). Belfast City Council. Archived (http:/ / web.
archive. org/ web/ 20090517075802/ http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov.uk/ parksandopenspaces/ tropicalravine.asp) from the original on 17 May
2009. . Retrieved 2009-05-30.
[100] "Sir Thomas and Lady Dixon Park and City of Belfast International Rose Garden" (http:// web. archive.org/web/ 20070531190626/ http:/
/ www.gotobelfast. com/ thingstodo/ viewdetail. cfm/ TDVenue_Key/421/ level/ page/ category_key/ 197/ Page_Key/ 279/ parent_key/0/
type/ Page/ PaGeName/ Restaurant_Month. htm). Go To Belfast. Archived from the original (http:// www. gotobelfast.com/ thingstodo/
viewdetail.cfm/TDVenue_Key/ 421/ level/ page/ category_key/197/ Page_Key/ 279/ parent_key/ 0/ type/ Page/ PaGeName/
Restaurant_Month.htm) on 31 May 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[101] "Sir Thomas and Lady Dixon Park" (http:// www.discovernorthernireland.com/ product.aspx?ProductID=2795). Discover Northern
Ireland. Northern Ireland Tourist Board. Archived (http:// web.archive.org/ web/ 20070615145945/ http:/ / www. discovernorthernireland.
com/product.aspx?ProductID=2795) from the original on 15 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[102] "Parks and gardens" (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20090414005143/ http:/ / www.belfastzoo.co. uk/ aboutbelfastzoo/
HistoryofBelfastZoo.aspx). belfastzoo. 1 April 2007. Archived from the original (http:// www. belfastzoo.co.uk/ aboutbelfastzoo/
HistoryofBelfastZoo. aspx) on 14 April 2009. . Retrieved 2009-05-16.
[103] "Comparative Demography Profile: Belfast District Council, Northern Ireland" (http:// web.archive. org/web/ 20070927161000/ http:/ /
www. nicensus2001. gov. uk/ nica/ browser/profile.jsp?profile=Demography&mainLevel=CouncilArea&mainArea=Belfast& mainText=&
mainTextExplicitMatch=null&compLevel=CountryProfile&compArea=Northern+Ireland&compText=&compTextExplicitMatch=null).
2001 census data (Crown Copyright). Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency. 2001. Archived from the original (http:// www.
nicensus2001. gov. uk/ nica/ browser/profile.jsp?profile=Demography&mainLevel=CouncilArea&mainArea=Belfast& mainText=&
mainTextExplicitMatch=null&compLevel=CountryProfile&compArea=Northern+Ireland&compText=&compTextExplicitMatch=null) on
27 September 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-17.
Belfast
98
[104] "Area Profile of Belfast Metropolitan Urban Area (BMUA)" (http:// www. ninis. nisra. gov.uk/ mapxtreme_towns/ report.
asp?settlementName=Belfast Metropolitan Urban Area (BMUA)& BandName=Belfast Metropolitan Urban Area (BMUA)). 2001 Census
data. Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency. 2001. . Retrieved 2007-05-16.
[105] Pointer, Graham. "The UK's major urban areas" (http:// www. statistics. gov.uk/ downloads/ theme_compendia/ fom2005/
03_FOPM_UrbanAreas. pdf) (PDF). UK National Statistics. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20071130215510/ http:/ /www.
statistics.gov. uk/ downloads/ theme_compendia/ fom2005/03_FOPM_UrbanAreas.pdf) from the original on 30 November 2007. . Retrieved
2007-12-07.
[106] Stephen, Roulston (2006). "Urban Structure: Growth of Belfast" (http:/ / www. geographyinaction.co.uk/ Urban_structure/Urban_growth.
html). Geography in Action. National Grid for Learning. Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20070415203906/ http://
geographyinaction. co. uk/ Urban_structure/Urban_growth.html) from the original on 15 April 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[107] McCulloch, Andrew, "An analytical look at religious background and residential segregation in Belfast" (http:// www.
significancemagazine. org/details/ webexclusive/ 1438057/ An-analytical-look-at-religious-background-and-residential-segregation-in-Belfas.
html), Significance Magazine, , retrieved 13 May 2012
[108] "Local Government District Information for Belfast LGD" (http:// www. ninis.nisra. gov.uk/ mapxtreme/report.asp?INIT=YES&
POSTCODE=BT015GS&DESC=FromGeneral&CurrentLevel=COA&ID=95GG390015& Name=95GG390015&Tab=DC). Northern
Ireland Neighbourhood Information Service (NINIS). Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. 2003. . Retrieved 2007-06-01.
[109] "Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure" (http:// www. nisra. gov.uk/ archive/ deprivation/NIMDM2005FullReport. pdf) (PDF).
Department of Finance and Personnel. 2005-05. Archived (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20070605142717/ http:/ / www. nisra. gov.uk/
archive/ deprivation/ NIMDM2005FullReport. pdf) from the original on 5 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[110] Stephen, Roulston (2006). "Ethnic Diversity: Segregation in Belfast. Introduction to Ethnic Diversity in Belfast" (http:/ / www.
geographyinaction. co. uk/ Ethnic Diversity/ Ethnic_intro.html). Geography in Action. National Grid for Learning. Archived (http:// web.
archive. org/ web/ 20070518001158/ http:/ / www. geographyinaction.co. uk/ Ethnic Diversity/ Ethnic_intro.html) from the original on 18
May 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[111] Lloyd, C (2003). "Measuring local segregation in Northern Ireland" (http:/ / www. qub.ac.uk/ c-star/ pubs/ lloydetal.pdf) (PDF). Centre
for Spatial Territorial Analysis and Research (C-STAR) (School of Geography, Queen's University). . Retrieved 2006-03-12.
[112] Doherty, P (1995). "Ethnic Residential Segregation in Belfast" (http:// cain.ulst. ac. uk/ csc/ reports/apartbel.htm#conclude). Centre for
the Study of Conflict (University of Ulster, Coleraine): Chapter 8. Archived (http://web. archive.org/web/20060303104237/ http:/ / cain.
ulst.ac. uk/ csc/ reports/apartbel. htm) from the original on 3 March 2006. . Retrieved 2006-03-12.
[113] "Ethnic minorities: Who lives here?" (http:/ / www. bbc.co. uk/ northernireland/schools/ 11_16/ citizenship/ pdfs/ ctz_eth_pg02_tn.pdf)
(PDF). Northern Ireland Learning: Teacher's Notes. BBC. Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20070605142712/ http:/ / www. bbc.co.
uk/ northernireland/schools/ 11_16/ citizenship/ pdfs/ ctz_eth_pg02_tn.pdf) from the original on 5 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[114] "About Us" (http:/ / belfastislamiccentre. org.uk/ about_us/ about_us. htm). Belfast Islamic Centre. 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[115] "Hinduism" (http:/ / www. bbc. co. uk/ northernireland/schools/ 4_11/ pfocus/ citizenship/ spring2001/ ). Primary Focus: Programme 1 –
Indian Community. BBC. . Retrieved 2007-10-08.
[116] "Durkan "hopeful" For Future Of Good Friday Agreement" (http:// archive.nics. gov.uk/ dfp/010209f-dfp.htm). Department of Finance
and Personnel. . Retrieved 2007-09-17.
[117] "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 13 February 2002" (http:/ / www. publications.parliament.uk/ pa/ cm200102/
cmhansrd/ vo020213/ text/ 20213w02. htm). House of Commons. . Retrieved 2007-09-17.
[118] "U2 Tower strikes bad chord with residents" (http://news. bbc.co. uk/ 2/ hi/ uk_news/ northern_ireland/5251794.stm). BBC News. 7
August 2006. . Retrieved 2007-03-13.
[119] "Monthly Labour Market Report" (http:/ / web. archive.org/web/ 20070927223435/ http:/ / www.detini.gov. uk/ cgi-bin/
downdoc?id=1941). Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment. 15 February 2006. Archived from the original (http:// www. detini. gov.
uk/ cgi-bin/downdoc?id=1941) on 27 September 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[120] "Employment" (http:// www. statistics. gov. uk/ cci/ nugget. asp?id=12). National Statistics. Office of National Statistics. 2006-03.
Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20070518132223/ http:/ / www. statistics. gov.uk/ CCI/ nugget.asp?ID=12) from the original on 18
May 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[121] Morgan, Oliver (1 April 2007). "From bombs and bullets to boom towns" (http:/ / www. guardian.co. uk/ Northern_Ireland/Story/
0,,2047327,00. html). The Guardian (London). . Retrieved 2007-05-16.
[122] "Northern Ireland Reaches Watershed in House Price Growth" (http:// news. ulster.ac. uk/ releases/ 2007/ 3504. html) (Press release).
University of Ulster. 15 November 2007. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20071217065312/ http:/ /news. ulster. ac. uk/ releases/
2007/3504. html) from the original on 17 December 2007. . Retrieved 2007-12-10.
[123] Carson, Helen (28 February 2007). "Typical price of Ulster home edges ever closer to £200,000" (http:// www. belfasttelegraph.co.uk/
news/local-national/ article2311541.ece). Belfast Telegraph. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/web/ 20070302113133/ http:/ / www.
belfasttelegraph. co. uk/ news/ local-national/article2311541.ece) from the original on 2 March 2007. . Retrieved 2007-03-13.
[124] "House Owner Occupation Rates" (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20070605142713/ http:/ / www. hbosplc.com/ economy/ includes/
19-11-04UKowneroccupation.doc) (DOC) (Press release). Halifax. 19 November 2004. Archived from the original (http:// www. hbosplc.
com/ economy/ includes/ 19-11-04UKowneroccupation.doc) on 5 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[125] Belfast 2005: Tourism Facts and Figures (http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov.uk/ tourism/ docs/ FactsFigures2005.pdf). Belfast: Belfast City
Council. 2006. Archived (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20070605142741/ http:/ / www.belfastcity. gov.uk/ tourism/ docs/
Belfast
99
FactsFigures2005.pdf) from the original on 5 June 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[126] "Record number of visitors come to Belfast". GO Belfast: p. 6. July/August 2007.
[127] "Invest in Belfast: A 2007 City Guide for Investors" (http:// www. belfastcity. gov.uk/ investinbelfastguide/ lifequality.asp). Belfast City
Council. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[128] "WNS" (http:/ / www. wilson-nesbitt. com/ articles/ 841/ 30062008/ belfast_uks_fastest-growing_economy). Wilson-nesbitt.com. 30 June
2008. . Retrieved 2010-08-12.
[129] WNS http:/ / www. wilson-nesbitt. com/ articles/ 758/ 12052008/ northern_ireland_an_attractive_investment_opportunity
[130] "The Times" (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20061104103706/ http:/ / www. bcglocations. com/ uk/ northernireland/
northernireland_intro.html). Bcglocations.com. Archived from the original (http:// www. bcglocations. com/ uk/ northernireland/
northernireland_intro. html) on 4 November 2006. . Retrieved 2010-08-12.
[131] "Der Spiegel" (http:// www. spiegel. de/ international/business/ 0,1518,563841,00.html). Der Spiegel. 4 July 2008. . Retrieved
2010-08-12.
[132] Beckett, JC; et al. (2003). Belfast, The Making of the City. Chapter 1: Belfast to the end of the eighteenth century. Belfast: Appletree Press
Ltd. pp. 13–26. ISBN 0-86281-878-8.
[133] The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. (http:// www. bartleby.com/ 65/ be/ Belfast. html). Columbia University Press. 2005. .
[134] Beckett, JC; Boyle, E (2003). Belfast, The Making of the City. Chapter 3: "Linenopolis": the rise of the textile industry. Belfast: Appletree
Press Ltd. pp. 41–56. ISBN 0-86281-878-8.
[135] Beckett, JC; Sweetman, R (2003). Belfast, The Making of the City. Chapter 4: The development of the port. Belfast: Appletree Press Ltd.
pp. 57–70. ISBN 0-86281-878-8.
[136] "Corporate Series Northern Ireland" (http:// www. corporateseries. com/ nireland/07/ CNI_section07. pdf) (PDF). Corporate Northern
Ireland 2007. Corporate Series. . Retrieved 2007-12-07.
[137] "Northern Ireland – Where is the bright new future?" (http:// www. managementtoday.co.uk/ news/ 542849/ ). Management Today. 23
March 2006. . Retrieved 2007-05-16.
[138] "The Silent Valley" (http:/ / www.niwater. com/ thesilentvalley. asp). Northern Ireland Water. 2007. Archived (http:// web.archive.org/
web/20070502233542/ http:/ / www. niwater.com/ thesilentvalley. asp) from the original on 2 May 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-26.
[139] "Strategic Plan Framework: Public Services and Utilities" (http:// www. planningni.gov.uk/ areaplans_policy/ Plans/ BMA/ draft_plan/
01Part1_3/03Strategic_Framework/publics_u. htm). Draft Belfast Metropolitan Area Plan 2015. The Planning Service. . Retrieved
2007-05-26.
[140] "Water Reform Implemented: Secretary of State announces deferral of charges" (http:/ / www. waterreformni.gov.uk/ ). Water Reform NI.
March 2007. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20070609093844/ http:// www. waterreformni.gov.uk/ ) from the original on 9 June
2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-26.
[141] "Belfast Sewers Project – Key Facts" (http:// www. niwater. com/ belfastsewersproject. asp). Northern Ireland Water. 2007. Archived
(http:/ / web. archive. org/web/ 20070517133017/ http:/ / www. niwater. com/ belfastsewersproject. asp) from the original on 17 May 2007. .
Retrieved 2007-05-26.
[142] "Summary of domestic rating reforms" (http:// www. ratingreviewni.gov.uk/index/ domestic/ domestic-summary.htm). Department of
Finance and Personnel. 2005. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20070505011123/ http:/ / www. ratingreviewni.gov.uk/ index/
domestic/domestic-summary. htm) from the original on 5 May 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-26.
[143] "Domestic Rates Reform" (http:/ / www. fairratescampaign.co. uk/ rates_reform.html). Fair Rates Campaign. . Retrieved 2007-05-26.
[144] "Review Of Public Administration: Consultation On Draft Legislation To Establish Five New Integrated Health And Social Services
Trusts" (http:/ / www. dhsspsni. gov. uk/ hpssreview-trust-consultation-document.pdf) (PDF). DHSSPS. Archived (http:// web. archive. org/
web/ 20070927114140/ http:/ / www. dhsspsni. gov. uk/ hpssreview-trust-consultation-document.pdf) from the original on 27 September
2007. . Retrieved 2007-09-17.
[145] Payne, William (1998-09). "Hospital Development:PFI beyond DBFO" (http:// findarticles.com/ p/ articles/ mi_qa3873/ is_199809/
ai_n8824797/ print). ProQuest Information and Learning Company (Wilmington Publishing Ltd.). . Retrieved 2007-05-06.
[146] Morrison, PJ (2006). "Improving cancer statistics – a new cancer centre for Northern Ireland". The Ulster medical journal (Ulster Medical
Society) 75 (2): 110. PMC 1891734. PMID 16755938.
[147] "Belfast City Hospital: About the Unit" (http:// www. renal. org/unit/ index.pl?c=belfast). The Renal Association. 2006-11. . Retrieved
2007-05-24.
[148] "TRH open Northern Ireland's first Regional Acquired Brain Injury Unit" (http:/ / web. archive. org/web/ 20070307071451/ http:/ / www.
princeofwales.gov. uk/ newsandgallery/ news/ trh_open_northern_ireland_s_first_regional_acquired_brain_in_778.html). The Prince of
Wales. 15 May 2006. Archived from the original (http:// www.princeofwales. gov.uk/ newsandgallery/ news/
trh_open_northern_ireland_s_first_regional_acquired_brain_in_778. html) on 7 March 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-06.
[149] "''M2 / M22 Motorway''" (http:// www. wesleyjohnston. com/ roads/ m2. html). Wesleyjohnston.com. . Retrieved 2010-08-12.
[150] Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (18 October 2005) (PDF). Travel Survey for Northern Ireland 2002–04 (http:/ / www.
drdni. gov. uk/ statistic-details. htm?publication_id=161). Department for Regional Development. Archived (http:// web.archive.org/web/
20070519124721/http:/ / www. drdni.gov. uk/ statistic-details. htm?publication_id=161) from the original on 19 May 2007. . Retrieved
2007-05-06.
[151] "The Official Opening of the M1/Westlink Improvement Scheme" (http:// www. drdni.gov.uk/ index/ publications/ publications-details.
htm?docid=5070). The Department for Regional Development. 12 March 2009. . Retrieved 2011-02-01.
Belfast
100
[152] "Road Improvements Schemes - In Planning" (http:// www. drdni.gov.uk/ index/ roadimprovements/schemes. htm). The Department for
Regional Development NI. .
[153] "York Street Interchange - Scheme Homepage" (http:// www. drdni.gov.uk/ index/ roadimprovements/schemes/ yorkstreet.htm). The
Department for Regional Development NI. 26 November 2009. .
[154] "video No light rail system for city" (http:// news. bbc.co. uk/ player/nol/newsid_7330000/ newsid_7336800/ 7336822.stm?bw=bb&
mp=wm& news=1& bbcws=1). BBC News. 8 April 2008. . Retrieved 2009-05-30.
[155] "City to get rapid transit network" (http:/ / news. bbc. co.uk/ 1/ hi/ northern_ireland/7335313.stm). BBC Northern Ireland. 8 April 2008.
Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20080409114158/ http:/ / news. bbc.co.uk/ 1/ hi/ northern_ireland/7335313.stm) from the original
on 9 April 2008. . Retrieved 2008-04-04.
[156] Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (28 September 2006) (PDF). Northern Ireland Transport Statistics Annual 2005–2006
(http:// www.drdni. gov. uk/ statistic-details. htm?publication_id=170). Department for Regional Development 555,224 passengers in 2009..
Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20070519124540/ http:/ / www. drdni.gov.uk/ statistic-details. htm?publication_id=170) from the
original on 19 May 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-02.
[157] "Summary of the bid" (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20021207124752/ www. imaginebelfast2008.com/ front.html). One Belfast Where
Hope and History Rhyme (Internet Archive). Imagine Belfast 2008. 22 November 2002. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.
imaginebelfast2008.com/ front.html) on 7 December 2002. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[158] "The official websites on UK bids for European capital of culture 2008" (http:/ / society. guardian. co. uk/ regeneration/page/
0,,774007,00. html). The Guardian (London). 30 October 2002. . Retrieved 2007-03-13.
[159] Ward, D; Carter, H (31 October 2002). "Six cities shortlisted for culture capital bid" (http:// www. guardian.co. uk/ uk_news/ story/
0,,822886,00. html). The Guardian (London). . Retrieved 2007-03-13.
[160] "Integrated Cultural Strategy for Belfast" (http:// www. belfastcity. gov.uk/ culture/culturalstrategy.asp) (PDF). Capital City: Belfast City
Councils Development Agenda. 2006-05. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[161] "Welcome to the new season" (http:/ / web.archive.org/ web/ 20070205212256/ http:/ / www. ulster-orchestra.org.uk/ concerts/
welcome.html). Ulster Orchestra Society. Archived from the original (http:// www. ulster-orchestra.org.uk/ concerts/ welcome. html) on 5
February 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[162] www.forbairtfeirste.com (http:// www. forbairtfeirste.com/ forbairt-news/
comharthai-bus-gaeilge-san-iarthar-irish-language-bus-signs-in-the-west/)
[163] "Research Guide: Irish News & Newspapers" (http:/ / web. archive.org/web/ 20070809020149/ http:/ / www. bc.edu/ libraries/research/
guides/s-irishnews/ ). Boston College. 2007. Archived from the original (http:// www. bc.edu/ libraries/ research/guides/ s-irishnews/ ) on 9
August 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[164] Johnston, Ruth. "Belfast News Letter" (http:/ / www.bbc.co. uk/ northernireland/yourplaceandmine/ belfast/ newsletter. shtml). Your
Place and Mine. BBC. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[165] "Homely Planet web site" (http:/ / www. homelyplanet. org). Homelyplanet.org. . Retrieved 2009-05-30.
[166] Henry, Lesley-Ann (2 March 2011). "MTV Europe Music Awards to be held in Belfast" (http:// www. belfasttelegraph. co. uk/
entertainment/music/ news/ mtv-europe-music-awards-to-be-held-in-belfast-15100979.html). Belfast Telegraph. . Retrieved 14 November
2011.
[167] "Chapter Twelve: Sport and Recreation as an activity" (http:/ /www. yorkshiresport.org.uk/ ccpr/ c12.htm). The Organisation of Sport &
Recreation in the UK. Central Council of Physical Recreation. 2005. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[168] "Belfast Marathon breaks 20,000 barrier" (http:/ / www. belfastcity. gov. uk/ news/ news. asp?id=2600& month=April 2011). Belfast City
Council. 18 April 2011. . Retrieved 2011-07-09.
[169] "Information and Statistics" (http:// www. gaa. ie/ files/ 04arstat.pdf) (PDF). GAA Attendance Figures. Gaelic Athletic Association Gaelic
Athletic Association. Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20060526131206/ http:/ / www. gaa.ie/ files/ 04arstat. pdf) from the original
on 26 May 2006. . Retrieved 2006-05-18.
[170] South Antrim Clubs (http:/ / antrim.gaa. ie/ clubs/ ?2). CLG Aontroim. Retrieved 11 November 2007.
[171] "Antrim chief in protest at Maze games" (http:/ / findarticles. com/ p/ articles/ mi_qn4161/ is_20050313/ ai_n12944637). Sunday Mirror.
13 March 2005. . Retrieved 2007-09-17.
[172] "FIFA/Coca Cola World Rankings" (http:/ / www. fifa.com/ worldfootball/ranking/lastranking/ gender=m/fullranking.html). FIFA.
December 2011. . Retrieved 2011-12-21.
[173] "List of Teams with Per Capita Factor" (http:// www. rankingper.com/ ). FIFA World Rankings. 31 July 2011. Archived (http://web.
archive. org/ web/ 20110715153823/ http:/ / www. rankingper.com/ ) from the original on 15 July 2011. . Retrieved 2011-07-09.
[174] McCann, Nuala (3 December 2005). "A city mourns for the Belfast Boy" (http://news. bbc. co. uk/ 1/ hi/ northern_ireland/4495026.stm).
BBC News Northern Ireland (BBC). . Retrieved 2005-05-18.
[175] "George Best Memorial Trust" (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20070929121852/ http:/ / www.georgebesttrust.com/ ). George Best Trust.
Archived from the original (http:// www.georgebesttrust. com/ ) on 29 September 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-18.
[176] "Snooker on the ropes – Hurricane" (http:// news. bbc. co. uk/ sport1/ hi/ other_sports/ snooker/ 4913768.stm). BBC. 16 April 2007.
Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20070821230132/ http:/ / news. bbc.co.uk/ sport1/ hi/ other_sports/ snooker/ 4913768.stm) from
the original on 21 August 2007. . Retrieved 2007-09-17.
[177] "WBA History" (http:/ / web. archive.org/web/ 20071011113939/ http:/ / www. wbaonline.com/ dates/ dates03.asp). World Boxing
Association. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. wbaonline.com/ dates/ dates03. asp) on 11 October 2007. . Retrieved 2007-09-17.
Belfast
101
[178] "About The Russell Group: Aims and objectives" (http:/ / www. russellgroup.ac. uk/ about.html). The Russell Group. 2007. Archived
(http:/ / web. archive. org/web/ 20070607022414/ http:/ / www. russellgroup. ac.uk/ about.html) from the original on 7 June 2007. .
Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[179] "About Queen's: Facts and Figures" (http:// web. archive.org/web/ 20070513043014/ http:/ / www. qub.ac. uk/ home/ TheUniversity/
AboutQueens/ UniversityInformation/FactsandFigures/ ). Queen's University Belfast. 2007. Archived from the original (http:// www. qub. ac.
uk/ home/ TheUniversity/AboutQueens/ UniversityInformation/FactsandFigures/ ) on 13 May 2007. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[180] "Conflict and Politics in Northern Ireland (1968 to the Present)" (http:/ / cain. ulst. ac. uk/ ). Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). 2007.
Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20070530181849/ http:/ / cain. ulst. ac.uk/ ) from the original on 30 May 2007. . Retrieved
2007-05-24.
[181] "Belfast Metropolitan College – About Us" (http:// www.belfastmet. ac. uk/ aboutus/ ). Belfast Metropolitan College. 2007. Archived
(http:/ / web. archive. org/web/ 20071216075936/ http:/ / www. belfastmet. ac.uk/ aboutus/ ) from the original on 16 December 2007. .
Retrieved 2007-12-12.
[182] "About Us: The Roles and Functions of the Belfast Education and Library Board" (http:/ / www. belb.org. uk/ aboutus/ ). Belfast
Education and Library Board. 2003. . Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[183] "Schools Database – List of Institutions" (http:/ / www. denidata.nics.gov.uk/ appinstitutes/ instmain. aspx). Department of Education. .
Retrieved 2007-05-24.
[184] Belfast makes the Top 12 (http:// www. telegraph.co. uk/ travel/ travelnews/ 3883369/ Belfast-one-of-worlds-top-destinations.html) Daily
Telegraph
[185] "Telegraph article; Announcement of redevelopment of Titanic Quarter" (http:// www. belfasttelegraph.co.uk/ news/ local-national/
pound250m-titanic-tourist-attraction-and-transport-system-set-for-belfast-14084406. html). Belfasttelegraph.co.uk. 27 November 2008. .
Retrieved 2009-05-30.
[186] " Sister Cities Online Directory: UK, Europe (http:// www.sister-cities. org/index.cfm)." Sister Cities International. Retrieved 17
November 2011.
[187] " Belfast signs sister city agreement with Hefei (http:// www. 4ni.co. uk/ northern_ireland_news.asp?id=41466)." 4NI.co.uk (http://
www. 4ni. co. uk/ ). Retrieved 19 February 2008.
Further reading
• Beesley, S. and Wilde, J. 1997. Urban Flora of Belfast. Institute of Irish Studies & The Queen's University of
Belfast.ISBN 0 85389 695 X
• Deane, C.Douglas. 1983. The Ulster Countryside. Century Books. ISBN 0-903152-17-7
• Gillespie, R. 2007. Early Belfast. Belfast Natural History & Philosophical Society in Association with Ulster
Historical Foundation. ISBN 978-1-903688-72-4.
• Nesbitt, Noel. 1982. The Changing Face of Belfast. Ulster Museum, Belfast. Publication no. 183.
• Pollock, V. and Parkhill, T. 1997. Belfast. National Museums of Northern Ireland. ISBN 978-0-7509-1754-4
• Scott, Robert. 2004. Wild Belfast on safari in the city. Blackstaff Press. ISBN 0-85640-762-3.
• Walker, B.M. and Dixon, H. 1984. Early Photographs from the Lawrence Collection in Belfast Town 1864–1880.
The Friar's Bush Press, ISBN 978-0-946872-01-5
• Walker, B.M. and Dixon, H. 1983. No Mean City: Belfast 1880–1914. ISBN 0-946872-00-7.
External links
• Belfast (http:/ / www. dmoz. org/Regional/ Europe/United_Kingdom/ Northern_Ireland/Belfast/ ) at the Open
Directory Project
• Belfast – Northern Ireland Tourist Board (http:/ / www. discovernorthernireland.com/ Belfast)
• Belfast City Council (http:/ / www. belfastcity.gov. uk/ )
Borden Milk Products
102
Borden Milk Products
Borden Milk Products L.P. is a privately held American corporation owned by the Dallas, Texas-based Milk
Products LLC, a subsidiary of Grupo Lala.
History
Milk Products, LLC was formed in 2000, and it licenses the Borden name and Elsie the Cow trademark from
Borden, Inc.'s successor company, Hexion Specialty Chemicals.
[1]
Borden Milk Products' items are available in the
following U.S. states: Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas.
[2]
Selena Gomez was a spokesperson for Borden Milk and is also featured in the campaign's print and television ads.
[3]
References
[1] "Elsie Borden." Trademark Nos. 77034096; 77104776; 76591578; 3271334. United States Patent and Trademark Office. July 31, 2007. (http:/
/ tess2. uspto. gov/ bin/ showfield?f=doc& state=ino1ll. 3. 16)
[2] "Borden Dairy: Where To Buy" (http:// www. bordendairy.com/ ). bordendairy.com. 2012. . Retrieved May 20, 2012.
[3] "Borden Milk" (http:// www. bordenonline. com/ videos/ ). .
External links
• Official website (http:// www. bordendairy.com/ )
Burnin' Up
103
Burnin' Up
"Burnin' Up"
Single by Jonas Brothers featuring Big Rob
from the album A Little Bit Longer
A-side "When You Look Me in the Eyes" (UK)
B-side "Burnin' Up (No-Rap)"
Released June 19, 2008
Format CD, Digital download
Recorded 2008
Genre Pop, pop rock, Rap rock
Length 2:54 (album version)
2:37 (no rap version)
Label Hollywood
Writer(s) Nicholas Jonas, Joseph Jonas, Kevin Jonas II
Producer
John Fields
[1]
Jonas Brothers singles chronology
"When You Look Me in the
Eyes"
(2008)
"Burnin'
Up"
(2008)
"Lovebug"
(2008)
Music video
"Burnin' Up"
[2]
on YouTube
(posted by Hollywood Records)
"Burnin' Up" is the lead single from American pop band the Jonas Brothers' third studio album, A Little Bit Longer,
and was officially released via Radio Disney on June 19, 2008 as well as other radio stations, and on iTunes on June
20, 2008. In the United Kingdom, it was released as an AA side with "When You Look Me in the Eyes". The single
was a hit via digital downloads, and peaked at #5 on the Billboard Hot 100, the group's first top five single in the US
and highest charting song to date. Burnin' Up is featured on the album Now: The Hits of Summer 2009 in Australia.
Song information
The band first performed this song on their When You Look Me in the Eyes Tour as well as at the 2008 Disney
Channel Games. Their summer tour, titled the Burnin' Up Tour, is named after this song. The song also features a rap
from their bodyguard, Robert "Big Rob" Feggans.
Entertainment Weekly stated that the song "was inspired by Jonas Brothers' unlikely appreciation for the work of
babe magnet Prince."
[3]
Nick Jonas also stated that the song is "about this girl — maybe she's at a party — and you
feel that immediate connection [and] both know it's there."
[3]
The song was also included on Grammy Nominees
2009.
Burnin' Up
104
Music video
The music video for "Burnin' Up" premiered after the premiere of the Disney Channel Original Movie Camp Rock
on Disney Channel as well as ABC on June 21, 2008. In the video, the brothers read over a potential video treatment
and imagine how the video would play out, in which they are portrayed as action stars. Nick as James Bond, Joe as a
Sonny Crockett parody, and Kevin as a Kung Fu master. Cameos in the video include Selena Gomez, David
Carradine, Robert Davi, and Danny Trejo. The video was directed by The Malloys. The video was nominated for
Video of the Year and Best Pop Video at the 2008 MTV Video Music Awards, but both lost to Britney Spears and
the video for her song "Piece of Me". The video also took notes from Spike Jonze's iconic video for "Sabotage" by
the Beastie Boys. This can be most obviously seen in the scenes with Joe Jonas portraying an 80's TV-style cop with
an obviously fake mustache.
Charts
With strong digital sales, "Burnin' Up" debuted at #5 on the US Billboard Hot 100, making it the band's most
successful single, with more than 183,000 downloads and sold the single for the first week it went on sale.
[4]
It has
sold 1,791,000 copies in the US,
[5]
and over 2,000,000 copies worldwide and became their second multi-platinum
song behind SOS.
Critical reception
Time critic Josh Tyrangiel named this the fourth best song of 2008.
[6]
The song, however, has been criticized for the
chorus line's similarity to the song Makes Me Wonder by Maroon 5.
[7]
Track listing
US Promo CD
1. 1. Burnin' Up 2:54
2. 2. Burnin' Up (No Rap) 2:37
Europe CD
1. 1. Burnin' Up 2:54
Chart (2008)
[8] Peak
position
Australian ARIA Singles Chart 31
Ö3 Austria Top 40 39
Canadian Hot 100 14
European Hot 100 Singles
[9] 49
German Singles Chart 39
Irish Singles Chart 21
Italian FIMI Singles Chart
[10] 16
Norwegian Singles Chart 12
UK Singles Chart 30
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 5
U.S. Billboard Pop Songs 12
U.S. Billboard Adult Pop Songs 30
Burnin' Up
105
Venezuela Pop Rock (Record Report)
[11] 1
References
[1] Gardner, Elysa (2008-03-26). "Jonas Brothers' fame is burning hot" (http:// www. usatoday.com/ life/ music/ news/
2008-03-26-jonas-brothers-main_N. htm). USA Today. . Retrieved 2010-08-07.
[2] https:// www.youtube. com/ watch?v=0z1kSdk7y1A
[3] Summer Music Preview: Jonas Brothers. Entertainment Weekly. May 30, 2008.
[4] David Jenison (July 24, 2008). "Jonas Brothers Pushin' the Record Books" (http://www. eonline.com/ news/ 21309/
jonas-brothers-pushin-the-record-books). E! Online. . Retrieved 2008-07-31.
[5] Paul Grein (Sep 19, 2012). "Week Ending Sept. 16, 2012. Songs: Novelty Hit Of The Year" (http:/ / music. yahoo.com/ blogs/ chart-watch/
week-ending-sept-16-2012-songs-mindless-fun-022236621.html). Chart Watch (Yahoo Music). . Retrieved Sep 22, 2012.
[6] Time: 47–48. 2008-12-22.
[7] Comparison between songs (http:// www. youtube. com/ watch?v=d8XeIX-5qe8)
[8] http:// acharts.us/ song/ 36537
[9] http:// www.billboard.com/ charts/ hot-100#/ artist/ jonas-brothers/chart-history/769568?f=349&g=Singles
[10] http:/ / www. italiancharts. com/ showitem. asp?interpret=Jonas+ Brothers& titel=Burnin'+Up& cat=s
[11] "Pop Rock" (http:/ / web. archive. org/web/ 20080816013400/ http:/ / www. recordreport.com. ve/ publico/ ?i=poprock) (in Spanish).
Record Report. 2008-09-06. Archived from the original (http:// www. recordreport.com.ve/ publico/ ?i=poprock) on 2008-09-06. .
Cruella de Vil (song)
"Cruella de Vil," written by Mel Leven, is a song featured in the 1961 Disney-produced animated film 101
Dalmatians and performed by Bill Lee as the singing voice of Roger Radcliffe, a character from the movie. It has
been re-recorded by Lalaine, Hayden Panettiere, and Selena Gomez for various releases in the Disneymania album
series.
Use in 101 Dalmatians
In the context of the film, it was performed by Roger Radcliffe (singing voice provided by Bill Lee), to describe his
wife Anita's schoolmate of the same name. It became Roger's first successful song.
Cover versions
The song was first re-recorded by Dr. John for the 1996 live action remake of the original film.
The song has been re-recorded by Lalaine for Disneymania 3 (2005), by Skye Sweetnam as a bonus track for
Disneymania 4 (2006) , by Hayden Panettiere for Disneymania 5 (2007) and by Selena Gomez for Disneymania 6
(2008).
The song has also been covered by The Replacements on producer Hal Willner's Disney tribute album, Stay Awake:
Various Interpretations of Music from Vintage Disney Films, and by Los Lobos on their Los Lobos Goes Disney
tribute album.
Selena Gomez cover
Cruella de Vil (song)
106
"Cruella de Vil"
Single by Selena Gomez
from the album Disneymania 6
Released February 2008
Format Promo CD single, digital download
Recorded 2007
Genre Pop rock, electro Rock
Length 3:20
Label Walt Disney
Writer(s) Mel Leven
Selena Gomez singles chronology
"Cruella de
Vil"
(2008)
"Tell Me Something I Don't
Know"
(2008)
The song was re-recorded in 2008 by Selena Gomez as a promotional single from Disneymania 6. A music video
was filmed to promote the 2-Disc Platinum Edition DVD of One Hundred and One Dalmatians.
Music video
A music video for Selena Gomez's version of the song aired on the Disney Channel on February 14 2008. It featured
Gomez modeling designs at the House of De Vil fashion house (a reference to the 1996 live-action film), intercut
with clips from the movie. The video was included on the 101 Dalmatians Platinum Edition DVD.
References
Demi Lovato
107
Demi Lovato
Demi Lovato
Lovato at the 2009 American Music Awards.
Background information
Birth name Demetria Devonne Lovato
Born August 20, 1992
Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.
Origin Dallas, Texas, U.S.
Genres Pop rock, power pop, pop, R&B, dance
Occupations Singer-songwriter, musician, dancer, actress, spokesperson
Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano, bass, keyboard
Years active 2002–present
Labels Hollywood
Associated acts Joe Jonas, Jonas Brothers, Miley Cyrus
Website
www.demilovato.com
[1]

Demi Lovato's signature
Demetria Devonne "Demi" Lovato
[2]
(born August 20, 1992)
[3]
is an American singer-songwriter, musician,
actress, and anti-bullying spokesperson. She is also involved in philanthropic activities through charity work and
various social and environmental causes.
[4]
Lovato's earliest roles included Angela on Barney & Friends before
rising to prominence as a starring cast member in the 2008 film Camp Rock. In 2009, Lovato received her own
television sitcom, Sonny with a Chance, and was a starring cast member in the film Princess Protection Program.
Lovato's debut studio album, Don't Forget, was released on September 23, 2008. It debuted at number two on the
Billboard 200 selling 89,000 copies in the first week.
[5]
It has since shipped over 500,000 copies, earning a gold
certification in the United States.
[6]
Her second album, Here We Go Again, was released on July 21, 2009.
[7]
The
album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, selling 108,000 copies in the first week.
[8]
Lovato's third studio
album, Unbroken, was released on September 20, 2011 and debuted at number four on the Billboard 200. She is
working on her fourth studio album.
Demi Lovato
108
In 2012, Lovato was hired as a judge on the second season of the American version of The X Factor.
[9]
Early life
Lovato on the South Bank, London, 2008
Lovato was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, on August 20, 1992,
and raised in Dallas, Texas.
[2]
She is the daughter of Dianna Hart de la
Garza (born Dianna Lee Smith) and Patrick Martin Lovato.
[10]
Her
ancestry includes Irish, Italian, Hispanic and English
roots.
[10][11][12][13]
She has an older sister, Dallas Lovato, and a
younger half-sister, Madison de la Garza, from her mother's
re-marriage.
[2]
Her mother was a Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader and
country music recording artist.
[14]
Lovato began playing piano and
guitar at the age of seven.
[15]
She also began taking dancing classes
and acting classes around that age.
[16]
In an interview with Ellen DeGeneres, Lovato revealed going through
painful experiences with bullying in the seventh grade.
[17]
According
to Lovato, the bullying was so bad that one day, in a fit of frustration
and distress, she requested her mom give her a home-schooled
education.
[18]
Lovato earned a high school diploma through
homeschooling in April 2009.
[19]
She later became a spokesperson for
anti-bullying organization PACER and appeared on America's Next Top Model
[20]
and CNN to speak out against
bullying.
[21]
Lovato stated in an interview with 20/20 in 2011 that she had had a "really unhealthy relationship with
food" since age 8 due to bullying experienced as a child, and self-mutilated her wrists to cope with her emotions and
depression since age 11.
[22]
In an interview with Fabulous Magazine UK, she stated, "They called me a whore and
told me I was fat and ugly. I shouldn't have listened, but I took it to heart and it hurt. I thought maybe I didn't have
friends because I was too fat," she remembers. So she starved herself, and anything she did eat, she threw up again.
"I'd make myself sick up to six times a day," she says. "My mom was worried, but because I was going through
puberty I was having growth spurts so she assumed that was why I was thinner."
[23]
Demi Lovato
109
Acting career
2002–10: Camp Rock, Sonny With a Chance and Camp Rock 2
Lovato at the premiere of Hannah Montana: The
Movie in 2009
Lovato began her acting career at the age of seven on the children's
television series Barney & Friends as Angela, appearing in seasons
seven and eight alongside long time friend Selena Gomez.
[24]
In 2006,
Lovato guest starred on Prison Break as Danielle Curtin in the episode
"First Down." She also appeared in the second season of the television
sitcom Just Jordan as Nicole, in the episode "Slippery When Wet." In
January 2007, she landed the role of Charlotte Adams on the Disney
Channel Original Short Series, As the Bell Rings, which premiered on
August 26, 2007. A few of her original songs, including "Shadow",
were featured on the show. In the summer of 2007, Lovato auditioned
for the Disney Channel television film Camp Rock and the television
series Sonny with a Chance in the same day and got both parts.
[25]
For
Camp Rock, she submitted an audition tape and Gary Marsh, Disney's
president of entertainment, asked her to sing.
[26]
She sang Christina
Aguilera's "Ain't No Other Man", and Hollywood Records senior vice
president Bob Cavallo said that their "jaws just dropped".
[26]
Lovato
received the lead role in Camp Rock,
[26]
and a record deal with
Hollywood Records in early 2008.
[25]
In Camp Rock she played
Mitchie Torres, a fourteen-year-old girl with hopes of becoming a
singer. The movie premiered on June 20, 2008, in the United States on the Disney Channel with 8.9 million viewers,
making Lovato a household name among young viewers.
[27]
Its Disney Channel Italy premier received 1.14 million
viewers on September 2008.
[28]
Starting in 2009, Lovato appeared as Sonny Munroe in the Disney channel comedy Sonny With a Chance. The show
featured Lovato as the newest cast member on the show-within-a-show So Random!. The series debuted on February
8, 2009 in the United States. This is the first Disney Channel Original Series to be shot and aired in high-definition
from the beginning; like most of Disney Channel's sitcoms, it is shot on tape, but uses a "filmized" appearance. The
second season, some scenes are shot on location. The series is one of three Disney Channel Original Series to feature
a show-within-a-show, with the others being The Famous Jett Jackson and Shake It Up. The series officially ended
on January 2, 2011. Gary Marsh, president of entertainment, Disney Channel Worldwide, stated "This series is
rooted in one of the core thematic attributes that we stand for, which is following your dreams, there also was the
opportunity to do a hybrid show."
[29]
The show began production on September 15, 2008 and the first season was
taped at Stage 11 at NBC Studios in Burbank, California;
[29]
for the second season, the show's production moved to
Hollywood Center Studios in Hollywood, California, where The Suite Life on Deck, Wizards of Waverly Place and
Jonas L.A. are also taped. In June 2009 Lovato co-starred in Princess Protection Program as Princess Rosalinda
alongside Selena Gomez on the Disney Channel.
[30]
The made-for-television movie is the third highest rated Disney
Channel Original Movie, premiering on the Disney Channel with 9.8 million viewers. Laura Fries of Variety
magazine describes the film as being "light as a summer breeze on the Louisiana bayou". Although the film does not
stray far from the Disney formula, she praises writer Annie DeYoung for providing young girls a nice message about
self-esteem. She says the film should be a hit with the channel's target audience.
[31]
Demi Lovato
110
Lovato performing on 2010 World Tour,
September.
In September 2009, production began for Camp Rock's sequel, Camp
Rock 2: The Final Jam. The Disney Channel Original Movie premiered
on September 3, 2010.
[32][33]
The film was watched by 7.9 million
viewers on its premiere night,
[34]
about 1 million less viewers than its
predecessor. In 2010 it also became the most watched cable television
programme that week,
[35]
as well as the No. 1 movie by number of
viewers on 2010's cable television.
[34]
In its second broadcast on
September 4, the film reached 3.7 million viewers.
[35]
The film also
reached 21 million unique viewers over its premiere weekend from
September 3 to September 6.
[36]
In its UK premiere on September 17,
2010 in was watched by 637,000 viewers. The film received generally
mixed reviews. The review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes
reported that 40% of critics gave the film mixed reviews, based on 5
reviews (3 'Rotten' and 2 'Fresh'), with an average score of 6.1/10.
[37]
The film currently holds an 8.7 rating, earning it a "Great" film rating
on TV.com.
[38]
Lovato appeared as a guest star in an episode of the
medical drama series Grey's Anatomy as a teenage patient named
Hayley May, whose parents brought her in for schizophrenia.
[39]
In a
review of the episode, EW.com praised her performance, stating, "I still believe that even an unbiased observer
would conclude that the Disney princess did a fine job acting it up as a suicidal 16-year-old who was admitted after
trying to claw her own eyes out."
[40]
2011-present: Departure from Sonny with a Chance and acting hiatus
On April 19, 2011, People.com reported that Demi Lovato would not be returning for the third season of Sonny With
a Chance due to her health issues.
[41]
As a result, the show will be renamed So Random! and focus only on the
sketches rather than the behind-the-scenes antics. As a result of Lovato's departure from Sonny with a Chance, the
series is the second Disney Channel original series to have its lead actor/actress leave during the series' run (after So
Weird), and the fourth Disney Channel series to have a main cast member leave the series during its run (with That's
So Raven and Jonas L.A. also included).
[42]
The third season was then turned into its own new series based on its
new format. On leaving the show, Lovato satated "...it's kind of sad for me that a chapter of my life has ended but
there couldn't be a better time for me to move on...I don't think going back to Sonny would be healthy for my
recovery...Being in front of a camera would make me nervous."
[43]
Lovato said in an April 2012 interview with KOKO POP UK that music is currently her "top priority", but that she is
"kind of getting the itch to get back into acting, so we'll see what comes next."
[44]
In an interview with Fabulous
Magazine UK, Lovato said she will not come back to acting until she is fully confident. "I need to be secure in my
body before I go back in front of the camera. Anyone in recovery from an eating disorder would find that triggering,
and I'm not ready," she says.
[45]
Demi Lovato
111
Music career
2007–08: Don't Forget and Demi Live! Warm Up Tour
Lovato performing on the Demi Live!
Warm Up Tour in 2008
Lovato's music career began in 2007, when several of her original songs,
including "Shadow", were included on the mini-series As the Bell Rings. In
2008, Lovato signed with Hollywood Records after getting the lead role in
the film Camp Rock.
[25]
She provided vocals on four of the songs featured
on the Camp Rock soundtrack, including "We Rock", "Who Will I Be", "Our
Time Is Here" and "This Is Me" featuring Joe Jonas.
[46]
The song peaked at
#9 on the Billboard Hot 100 and peaked at the top 20 in Australia, Canada
and Norway. The soundtrack was released on June 24, 2008. The song
peaked at number 3 on the US Billboard 200 and topped the US Billboard
Top Soundtracks and peaked at the top 10 in Canada, Italy, Mexico, New
Zealand and Spain. The soundtrack has sold over 1 million copies and was
certified Platinum in the United States. Full songs of the album were made
available on Camp Rock's official web site for one week, beginning June 10,
2008, and the full soundtrack premiered on Radio Disney on June 14, 2008
during Planet Premiere: Camp Rock. The soundtrack was released in the UK
on July 14, 2008.The soundtrack album (both original and two-disc
collector's edition) is an enhanced CD which contains a clip of an acoustic
version of "This Is Me" when played on the computer with internet access.
On November 16, 2008, a karaoke/instrumental version of the Camp Rock
soundtrack was released. It is not available on iTunes, but can be purchased in stores such as Wal-Mart, Target, etc.
In June and July 2008, Lovato performed at various House of Blues and parks for her Demi Live! Warm Up Tour in
preparation for the release of her debut album and the Burnin' Up Tour with the Jonas Brothers. Lovato served as the
support act on the Jonas Brothers' Burnin' Up Tour from July through September 2008.
Lovato's debut album, Don't Forget was released on September 23, 2008. The bulk of the album was co-written with
the Jonas Brothers, who also produced the album with John Fields. They co-wrote ten songs in a week during the
band's headlining Look Me in the Eyes Tour.
[47]
The album is of the pop-rock genre and is lyrically similar to other
teen-pop albums. It peaked at number two on the Billboard 200, selling 89,000 units in its first week of release. It
has since sold over 500,000 records in the US.
[48]
Critics noticed the distinct sound of the Jonas Brothers in the
production of the album. Don't Forget spawned two singles. The first single released was "Get Back". It was written
by Lovato, the Jonas Brothers, and produced by the Jonas Brothers alongside John Fields. The song features Jack
Lawless on drums and John Taylor and the Jonas Brothers on guitars. It was released as the album's lead single on
August 12, 2008, by Hollywood Records. The song was met with positive reviews from critics and performed
average commercially, peaking at number forty-three on the Billboard Hot 100. The second and final single, "La La
Land", was released on April 10, 2009 through Hollywood Records. It was written by Lovato and the Jonas Brothers,
and produced by the Jonas Brothers alongside John Fields. The song was met with positive reviews from critics.
Commercially, the song peaked at number fifty-two on the Billboard Hot 100. Lovato joined Disney's Friends for
Change, an organization which promotes "environmently-friendly behavior," and appears in its public service
announcements to raise awareness for the cause on the Disney Channel.
[49]
Lovato, Selena Gomez, Miley Cyrus, and
the Jonas Brothers recorded "Send It On," a charity single that served as the theme song for the organization in 2009.
The song debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at #20.
[50][51]
Disney's Friends for Change directed all of its proceeds
from "Send It On" to environmental charities to the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund.
[50]
Demi Lovato
112
2009–10: Here We Go Again and Demi Lovato Live in Concert
Lovato and her band performing on the 2009
Summer Tour
Lovato embarked on the Summer Tour 2009 to promote her second
album, Here We Go Again, released in the summer of 2009.
[52]
The
album debuted at #1 on the Billboard 200 with 108,000 copies sold in its
first week.
[53]
The album was more inspired by acoustic music, such as
John Mayer's songs, than her debut's pop rock-influenced sound.
[54]
The
album received favorable reviews from critics,
[55]
Billboard called
Lovato "a natural talent who could really take flight after outgrowing
Disney."
[56]
Allmusic ranked Here We Go Again as one of the best pop
albums of 2009.
[57]
The album was preceded by the lead single, "Here
We Go Again," which was released on June 23, 2009.
[58]
It was written
by Isaac Hasson, Lindy Robbins and Mher Filian and produced by
SuperSpy, for Lovato's second studio album of the same name (2009). It was released as the album's lead single on
June 23, 2009, through Hollywood Records. The song received positive reviews from critics, who praised its pop
hook and made comparisons with works by Kelly Clarkson. The song peaked at number 15 on the Billboard Hot 100
and became Lovato's first top 40 hit on the chart as a solo artist.
[59]
The album's second and final single, "Remember
December," was released on November 17, 2009. It was written by John Fields, Lovato and Anne Preven, and
produced by Fields. The song was released as the album's second and final single outside North America on January
18, 2010, through Hollywood Records. The song received generally positive reviews from music critics; the majority
of them praised its hook and chorus. Several critics also named it one of the album's standouts. The song
underperformed commercially; it only managed to reach #6 on Billboard's Bubbling Under Hot 100 (number 106 on
the Hot 100) and it peaked at number 80 on the UK Singles Chart. Lovato's South American Tour
[60]
was her first
international headlining tour. The tour commenced on May 23, 2010, in Santiago, Chile, and concluded on May 28,
2010, in São Paulo, Brazil. She later joined the Jonas Brothers Live in Concert tour as a special guest.
[61]
In October 2009, she collaborated again with the Jonas Brothers and appeared on the music video on YouTube for
the song called Bounce under her alter-ego, MC D Love. In 2010, Lovato and Joe Jonas recored a song called "Make
a Wave", a second charity single that currently serves as the theme song for Disney's Friends for Change.
The soundtrack, Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam, was released on August 10, 2010. She provided vocals on nine of the
songs featured on the soundtrack, including "Brand New Day", "Can't Back Down", "It's On", "You're My Favorite
Song", "What We Came Here For", "This Is Our Song", "Different Summers", "It's Not Too Late" and "Wouldn't
Change a Thing".
[62]
The song was released on July 31, 2010. The song was released as the soundtrack's fourth
single. The song failed to chart in the US Billboard Hot 100 but peaked at number 10on the US Billboard Bubbling
Under Hot 100 Singles chart.
[63]
The soundtrack peaked at number 3 on the US Billboard 200 and topped the US
Billboard Top Soundtracks, and peaked at the top 10 in Brazil, Canada, Italy and Spain. The soundtrack has sold
over 500,000 copies and was certified Gold in the United States. The tour is actually Jonas Brothers' 2010 World
Tour, which special guests are Demi Lovato and the cast of Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam. The Camp Rock 2 Tour is
officially called Jonas Brothers 2010 World Tour/Camp Rock 2 Tour.
[64]
The tour started on August 7, 2010, two
weeks later than planned.
On October 5, 2010, the soundtrack Sonny with a Chance was released from Walt Disney Records. She provided
vocals on four of the songs featured on the soundtrack, including "So Far, So Great", "Me, Myself and Time", "What
to Do" and "Work of Art". It debuted at no. 163 on the Billboard 200, making it Lovato's lowest debut and peaking
soundtrack there.
[65]
It also debuted at number 3 on the US Kid Albums and at number 8 on the US Top
Soundtracks.
[65]
Two singles were released from the soundtrack. The first single to be released was "So Far, So
Great". It was released on June 9, 2009 and is the theme song for the series. It first appeared on the album Disney
Channel Playlist, and was later released on Demi Lovato's album Here We Go Again as a bonus track.
[66][67]
The
song is about chasing your dreams. It has also received rotation on Radio Disney. Lovato performed the song in her
Demi Lovato
113
"Summer Tour 2009". It is the ninth and final track of the soundtrack, written by Jeannie Lurie, Aris Archontis and
Chen Neeman and the length of the song is two minutes and fourteen seconds. The second single to be released was
"Me, Myself and Time". It was published for the title track of the CD. It was released digitally on August 3, 2010,
but was shown worldwide on April 11, 2010, the episode was issued Sonny With a Song in the United States chapter
of the series in which Sonny shows her singing career performing the song appears to promote the fashion line of her
character. The song managed to peak at number 6 on the US Billboard Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles chart.
2011–present: Unbroken and fourth studio album
Lovato in Credicard Hall, São Paulo, Brazil in 2012
Lovato's third studio album, Unbroken, was released on September
20, 2011.
[68][69]
Lovato began working on the album in July 2010,
prior to receiving treatment. She had described it as having a more
soulful and R&B inspired sound, citing Keri Hilson and Rihanna as
inspirations for the sound.
[70]
After Lovato's stint in the treatment
facility, producer Timbaland expressed interest in working with
her.
[71]
Lovato confirmed in July 2011 that she was working on a
duet with the producer. The album was described as more "radio
friendly" than her previous albums, as she planned to incorporate
dance, hip-hop and R&B styles in it. The album received mixed to
positive reviews from music critics, praising Lovato's vocals and
growth in musicianship compared to her previous two albums, as
well as some of the album's ballad tracks. The first single off the
album, "Skyscraper", premiered on July 12, 2011, as a promotional
single, before the album released. It was written by Toby Gad, Lindy
Robbins and Kerli Kõiv and produced by Gad. The song was very well received by music critics and also by the
media, with the majority of them praising Lovato's vocals and the inspirational lyrics. Upon its release, it was also
met with praise from celebrities on the microblogging site Twitter. The song debuted at number ten on the Billboard
Hot 100, spending a total of 17 weeks on the chart. The song became Lovato's highest-peaking single on the chart
since "This Is Me" peaked at number nine in August 2008. The album's second single, "Give Your Heart a Break",
was officially released on January 23, 2012.
[72][73]
The track was written and produced by American songwriters
Josh Alexander and Billy Steinberg. The song received critical acclaim from contemporary music critics, praising the
production as well as Lovato's vocals. The single debuted at number seventy on the US Billboard Hot 100, and
peaked at number 16, while becoming her biggest radio single to date. The song has sold over 1,000,000 digital
copies and was officially certified Platinum in the United States on August 15, 2012. Lovato's Summer Tour 2012
began on June 12, 2012 and will end on September 30, 2012. On July 31, 2012, "Skyscraper" was nominated for
"Best Video With a Message" at the 2012 MTV Video Music Awards, which she won.
[74]
On April 4, 2012, it was reported that Lovato is working on her fourth studio album with producer Mitch Allan.
[75]
On April 5, 2012, Lovato confirmed on Twitter that writing for the album had began, saying that she was "so excited
to start writing for my fourth album", and that "this time, there's NO holding back.."
[76]
On April 8, 2012, Lovato
stated that she "just wrote a song I will never be able to release. *sigh*".
[77]
In August 2012 at the Minnesota State
Fair, Lovato announced that she will work on her fourth album for two months after her 2012 MTV Video Music
Awards pre-show performance and the lead single from the album is confirmed to be released in December
2012.
[78][79][80]
In the October 2012 issue of Teen Vogue, Lovato stated, "I will say that I'm tired of all the dubstep
that's on the radio right now -- I think it's going to be out in two months. I want to make something that people will
listen to for a while, rather than something that's just trendy. I feel like I've grown as a person, and I want my music
to grow with me".
[81]
Demi Lovato
114
Other work
Lovato at The X Factor auditions in San Francisco,
California, June 2012
The X Factor USA
In 2012, rumors that Lovato and Miley Cyrus were in talks to be
replacement judges on the season two of the American version of The
X Factor, in hopes of luring a younger audience, began
circulating.
[82]
Lovato reportedly signed a deal to judge the show on
May 13, 2012.
[83]
On May 14, 2012, it was officially confirmed that
Spears and Lovato would join The X Factor USA as the two newest
judges.
[84]
When asked about the new judges, Cowell said: "I'm
absolutely delighted Britney and Demi are joining us. Britney
remains one of the biggest stars in the world, she's talented,
fascinating – and I believe she knows exactly how to spot The X
Factor. Demi's had an amazing career in music, TV and film for
someone her age. She's young, confident, and enthusiastic. I think it’s
really important that she speaks to our younger audience. The new
panel will be dynamic and will work really well with the changes we
are making to the show."
[85]
Philanthropy
Lovato at the 15th Annual Arthur Ashe
Kids Day at Billie Jean King Stadium,
2010.
Lovato is the spokesperson for anti-bullying organization PACER. She
explained to NY Post about becoming a spokesperson against bullying
“Bullying is a very serious thing to me, I’ve witnessed it first hand – I was
bullied myself when I was 12, I want to be able to help other girls around [my
sister’s] age come into their own with a strong confidence in their skin, their
size, who they are and everything about themselves.” Lovato is also the
spokesperson for the Join the Surge Campaign!, DoSomething.Org and the
Clean & Clear Brand launched Joining the Surge, which is a national
campaign that empowers teenagers to take action in their communities.
[86]
In 2009, Lovato has been honored The Honorary Ambassador of Education
award from the American Partnership For Eosinophilic Disorders.
[87]
Lovato
is involved in Disney's Friends for Change, an organization which promotes
"environmently-friendly behavior", and appears in its public service
announcements to raise awareness for the cause on the Disney Channel.
[49]
Lovato, Selena Gomez, Miley Cyrus, and the Jonas Brothers recorded "Send It
On", a charity single which serves as the theme song for Disney's Friends for
Change in 2009. The song debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number twenty.
[50][51]
Disney's Friends For Change
will direct all of its proceeds from "Send it On" to environmental charities to the Disney Worldwide Conservation
Fund.
[50]
Lovato and Joe Jonas recorded a new song called "Make a Wave", the second charity single which serves
as the theme song for Disney's Friends for Change in 2010. In January 2010,
[88]
Lovato was one of the many stars
featured in a public service announcement for Voto Latino in order to promote the organization's "Be Counted"
campaign for the 2010 United States Census.
[89]
Lovato is also part of the "A Day Made Better" School Advocacy
Campaign.
[90]
"The campaign is giving a deserving teacher with $1,000 in school supplies on behalf of OfficeMax’s
Demi Lovato
115
“A Day Made Better” school advocacy campaign."
[91]
Lovato has also supported charities such as
DonateMyDress.org, Kids Wish Network, Love Our Children USA, ST. Jude Children's Research Hospital, and City
of Hope.
[92]
To raise awareness about personal issues similar to her own, Lovato became a Contributing Editor to
Seventeen magazine. She will discuss her personal issues as a part of a larger campaign called "Love is Louder than
the Pressure to Be Perfect", directed towards teen girls.
[93]
In 2012, Lovato was named the new Ambassador of Mean
Stinks, an anti-bullying campaign to inspire students to "gang up for good" against girl-to-girl bullying.
[94]
Artistry
Lovato performing at a concert in Springfield,
Illinois in 2012
Influences
Growing up, her musical influences were Aretha Franklin, Billie
Holiday, Whitney Houston, Kelly Clarkson and Christina Aguilera.
[95]
In an MTV interview, Lovato stated that she likes metal music,
particularly black metal and metalcore. She called symphonic black
metal band Dimmu Borgir "one of her favorite live acts".
[96]
On the
July 24, 2009 episode of Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, Lovato stated
that three of her favorite bands were metalcore/symphonic black metal
band Abigail Williams, deathcore band Job for a Cowboy and southern
metal band Maylene and the Sons of Disaster. On another episode of
Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, after the release of Unbroken, she stated
that she is now more into hip-hop and R&B styles of music, and has
moved on from death metal. Her favorite R&B artist is Rihanna
because she thinks her voice is "amazing" and she "loves all the songs
she [Rihanna] performs".
[95]
Voice
Lovato's vocals have been acclaimed by music critics. Nick Levine of Digital Spy commented on Lovato's vocals on
the album, Don't Forget: "she's certainly a stronger singer than the Jonases. In fact, her full-bodied vocal
performances are consistently impressive."
[97]
Jeff Miers from The Buffalo News commented about Lovato's vocals
on the album, Here We Go Again: "Unlike so many of her Disney-fied peers, Lovato can really sing, and part of
what makes her sophomore effort appealing is the lack of in-studio vocal manipulation."
[98]
Miers further wrote that
it is "refreshing" that Lovato does not need Auto-Tune "to mask any lack of natural ability".
[98]
Singer and producer
Ryan Tedder who worked on her album, Unbroken said of her voice: "Demi blew me out of the water vocally! I had
no idea how good her voice is. She's one of the best singers I've ever worked with. Literally, that good... I mean,
she's a Kelly Clarkson-level vocalist. And Kelly has a set of pipes."
[99]
Becky Brain of Idolator wrote Lovato has a
"killer voice and the A-list material to put it to good use".
[100]
Personal life
Public image
Lovato wrote the song "For the Love of a Daughter" about her estranged father. According to UK magazine
Fabulous, the song was prompted by a series of interviews given by Lovato's father in what seemed to be an attempt
to cash in on his daughter's fame. Lovato says she has no interest in having a relationship with her father.
[45]
In the
March 2009 issue of Teen Vogue, Lovato stated, "My first passion is music, because it comes naturally to me. Acting
has been like a hobby."
[101]
Lovato is a Christian and prays with her band before they perform.
[2]
She has described
Demi Lovato
116
herself as very spiritual rather than very religious and said she believes in God.
[102]
She was best friends with Selena Gomez, whom she has known since Lovato "asked her to sit on my jacket and draw
with crayons with me" at the Barney & Friends auditions. On March 12, 2010, Lovato confirmed that she had begun
dating Joe Jonas, whom she first met while filming Camp Rock in 2007.
[103]
On May 24, 2010, Lovato confirmed
via her official Twitter that she and Jonas were no longer together. In an interview with UsMagazine, Jonas stated,
"Demi and I knew that going into our romantic relationship it may not be an easy one. I realize that over the time we
have spent together that I feel I care more about our friendship right now. It was my choice to break up, but I love
her as a friend. She's been there for me when I needed her. I will continue to be her friend and be there for her."
[104]
Lovato was a vegetarian, but since entering treatment, she has started eating meat.
[105]
In 2010, on her 18th birthday, Lovato bought her family a Mediterranean-style house in Los Angeles. She said, "For
me to give that to my family on my birthday, that was the best present." then added, "It's got pretty much everything
you could possibly imagine in it. It's the most beautiful, homey-feeling house. I love it."
[106]
Lovato also purchased
their current $1.88 million home in Toluca Lake, LA. She bought the house when she was 16 years old.
[107]
Personal struggles
On October 30, 2010, Lovato dropped out of the Camp Rock 2 Tour in order to enter a treatment facility to treat
"physical and emotional issues".
[108]
The tour was not scheduled to be complete until November 13, 2010. Lovato's
publicist stated that "she regrets not being able to finish her tour, but is looking forward to getting back to work in
the near future."
[109][110]
In particular, many media sources immediately reported that Lovato had decided to enter
treatment right after punching a Jonas Brothers back-up dancer, Alex Welch, on a flight out of Bogotá, Colombia,
allegedly because Lovato believed that Welch had informed tour managers of inappropriate behavior on Lovato's
part the previous night, causing Lovato to be confronted by her managers and her stepfather, Eddie de la Garza.
[111]
Lovato's camp reached a financial settlement with Welch in late December 2010, with Welch stating that the
agreement stipulated for a portion of the settlement to be donated to charity.
[112]
On January 28, 2011, it was reported that Lovato had completed her inpatient treatment at the rehab facility and
returned home to Los Angeles, where she would "continue to see doctors" to "help her work on the issues she
confronted in treatment."
[113]
The day after the announcement, a Disney spokesperson told People that Disney
"support[s] Demi's decision to put her health first and [they] send her [their] best wishes".
[114]
On March 8, 2011 an
exclusive video was released on Cambio.com in which Lovato thanked her fans for their support during what she
described as "the darkest time of my life" and also stated that she was excited to get back to work.
[115]
Lovato
granted her first post-rehab interview to ABC newscaster Robin Roberts, which aired on Good Morning America and
20/20 on April 22, 2011. During the interview, Lovato confirmed reports that her treatment was for bulimia and
self-injury, and had taken place at the Timberline Knolls facility in Illinois after the aforementioned confrontation
between her and Welch led to an intervention by her family and management team. Her condition came to a head
during the tour because Lovato "was performing concerts on an empty stomach...I was losing my voice from
purging. I was self-medicating. I was not taking medication for depression, and I literally was so emotionally
whacked out that I took it out on someone that meant a lot to me." Later elaborating on this "self-medicating",
Lovato said, "I'm not gonna lie. I was self-medicating. I was doing things like drinking and using [drugs], like a lot
of teens do to numb their pain."
[116]
Lovato expressed regret at her actions towards Welch, stating "I take 100
percent, full responsibility..."
[117]
In another interview, Lovato added that she had "basically had a nervous
breakdown",
[22]
and was also diagnosed with bipolar disorder during her treatment.
[118]
As part of her efforts to raise
awareness about issues similar to her own, Lovato was announced in April 2011 as a Contributing Editor to
Seventeen magazine. She will discuss her personal issues as a part of a larger campaign called "Love is Louder than
the Pressure to Be Perfect", directed towards teen girls.
[119]
On December 23, 2011, Lovato posted a message on Twitter criticizing her former network for airing episodes of
Shake It Up and So Random! which featured characters making jokes about eating disorders.
[120][121][122]
Disney
Demi Lovato
117
Channel publicity officials quickly took action and apologized to Lovato, then removed those episodes from the
network's airing cycle and video on demand sources, after further criticism in the wake of Lovato's message to the
network's public relations account.
[123][124][125][126]
On March 2012, Lovato released her MTV documentary special
called "Stay Strong" about her time in rehab.
[127]
In the documentary, she opened up about her fans, battling her
eating disorders and getting back to touring.
[128]
Filmography
Film
Year Title Role Notes
2008 Camp Rock Mitchie Torres Disney Channel Original Movie
Nominated—Young Artist Award for Best Performance in a TV Movie –
Leading Young Actress
2009 Jonas Brothers: The 3D
Concert Experience
Herself Concert film
2009 Princess Protection Program Princess Rosalinda/Rosie
Gonzalez
Disney Channel Original Movie
Teen Choice Award for Choice Summer TV Show
Nominated—Teen Choice Award for Choice Summer – TV Star-Female
Nominated—Young Artist Award for Best Performance in a TV Movie,
Miniseries, or Special – Leading Young Actress
2010 Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam Mitchie Torres Disney Channel Original Movie
Hollywood Teen TV Awards for Best Actress
People's Choice Award for Favorite Family TV Movie
Television
Year Title Role Notes
2002–2004 Barney & Friends Angela Recurring role
2006 Prison Break Danielle Curtin "First Down" (season 2: episode 4)
2007–2008 As the Bell Rings Charlotte
Adams
Main role (season 1)
2007 Just Jordan Nicole "Slippery When Wet" (season 2: episode 6)
2008 Jonas Brothers: Living the
Dream
Herself (season 1: episode 7) and (season 2: episode 3)
2009–2011 Sonny with a Chance Sonny Munroe Lead role
2010–2011 Extreme Makeover: Home
Edition
Herself "The Williams Family" (season 7: episode 23)
"The Walker Family" (season 9: episode 9)
2010 Grey's Anatomy Hayley May "Shiny Happy People" (season 6: episode 22)
People's Choice Award for Favorite TV Guest Star
2011 Keeping Up with the Kardashians Herself "Kim's Fairytale Wedding: A Kardashian Event, Part 2" (season 6: episode
15)
Uncredited
2012 Punk'd Herself Victim
2012–present The X Factor USA Judge Musical talent show
Demi Lovato
118
Discography
Studio albums
• 2008: Don't Forget
• 2009: Here We Go Again
• 2011: Unbroken
Extended plays
• 2007: Moves Me
• 2009: iTunes Live from London
Soundtracks
• 2008: Camp Rock
• 2010: Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam
• 2010: Sonny with a Chance
Live albums
• 2009: Live: Walmart Soundcheck
• 2010: Camp Rock 2: Live Walmart Soundcheck
Concert tours
Headlining
• Demi Live! Warm Up Tour (2008)
• Demi Lovato Live in Concert (2009–10)
• An Evening with Demi Lovato (2011)
• A Special Night With Demi Lovato (2011–12)
• Demi Lovato Summer Tour 2012 (2012)
Opening act
• Jonas Brothers – Burnin' Up Tour (2008)
• Avril Lavigne - The Best Damn World Tour (2008)
• Jonas Brothers - Jonas Brothers World Tour 2009 (2009)
Awards and nominations
Lovato has been the recipient of several awards and nominations; including an award at the MTV Video Music
Awards, an award out of three nominations at the ALMA Awards, two People's Choice Awards, an award out of two
nominations at the O Music Awards, and six Teen Choice Awards out of eighteen nominations. She also received
two nominations at the Young Artist Awards, a nomination at the Billboard Touring Awards and a nomination at the
Australian KCAs.
References
[1] http:/ / www.demilovato. com/
[2] Laura Yao (2008-06-21). "Disney Demi-Goddess" (http:// www. washingtonpost. com/ wp-dyn/content/ article/ 2008/ 06/ 20/
AR2008062003077_pf.html). Washington Post. . Retrieved 2008-12-22.
[3] Richard Ouzounian (2010-08-27). "Just your average teen, except for the fame part" (http:// www. thestar. com/ entertainment/music/ article/
852284--just-your-average-teen-except-for-the-fame-part). Toronto: www.thestar.com. . Retrieved 2010-08-27.
[4] "Demi Lovato's Charity Work, Events and Causes" (http:/ / www. looktothestars. org/celebrity/1802-demi-lovato). Look to the Stars: The
World of Celebrity Giving. .
[5] Daniel Kreps (2008-10-01). "On the Charts: Demi Lovato & Kings of Leon Debut High, Metallica Rule" (http:/ / www. rollingstone.com/
rockdaily/ index. php/ 2008/ 10/ 01/ on-the-charts-demi-lovato-kings-of-leon-debut-high-metallica-rule/). Rolling Stone. . Retrieved
2008-12-22.
[6] "Recording Industry Association of America" (http:/ / www. riaa. com/ goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&
table=SEARCH_RESULTS&action=&title=&artist=demi lovato& format=&debutLP=&category=& sex=& releaseDate=& requestNo=&
type=&level=& label=& company=&certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=& aSex=& rec_id=&charField=&gold=&
platinum=&multiPlat=& level2=& certDate=&album=& id=& after=&before=&startMonth=1& endMonth=1& startYear=1958&
Demi Lovato
119
endYear=2011&sort=Artist& perPage=25). RIAA. . Retrieved 2011-07-27.
[7] "Demi Lovato First Single Announcement" (http:// twitter. com/ ddlovato/ status/ 1957085257). Demi Lovato. . Retrieved 2009-05-29.
[8] Demi Lovato Debuts At No. 1 On Billboard 200, But Michael Jackson Still Reigns (http:/ / www. billboard.com/ #/ news/
demi-lovato-debuts-at-no-1-on-billboard-1003998139. story)
[9] "The X Factor New Judges" (http:// www. thexfactorusa.com/ articles/ the-x-factor-new-judges). TheXFactorUSA.com. 2012-05-14. .
Retrieved May 14, 2012.
[10] "Family Tree Maker's Genealogy Site: Genealogy Report: Descendants of Unknown Emmons" (http:/ / familytreemaker.genealogy.com/
users/ h/ a/ r/ Sue-D-Hart-Ar/GENE3-0009.html). Familytreemaker.genealogy.com. . Retrieved 2012-11-01.
[11] Biography Today. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics. 2009. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-7808-1052-5.
[12] Caramanica, Jon (2009-07-15). "Tween Princess, Tweaked" (http:// www.nytimes.com/ 2009/ 07/ 19/ arts/ music/ 19cara.
html?pagewanted=2). New York Times. . Retrieved 2009-11-04.
[13] Huff, Richard (2008-06-19). "'Camp Rock' film could make Demi Lovato a star" (http:/ / www. nydailynews.com/ entertainment/ tv/ 2008/
06/ 20/ 2008-06-20_camp_rock_film_could_make_demi_lovato_a_.html). New York Daily News. . Retrieved 2009-11-04.
[14] "Dianna Hart DeLaGarza" (http:/ / www.dallascowboyscheerleaders. com/ history/ watn.
cfm?id=F6337218-D0CB-3383-352D6DD803C5A683). Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders. .
[15] [15] "Biography Today", p.105
[16] http:/ / www. mtv. com/ videos/ this-is-how-i-made-it-ep-6-demi-lovato-and-bob/1698279/ playlist. jhtml
[17] "Demi Lovato: I was Bullied!" (http:// www. usmagazine. com/ news/ demi-lovato-i-was-bullied). US Magazine. 2009-05-16. . Retrieved
2009-05-16.
[18] Yao, Laura (2009-05-16). "Disney Demi-Goddess" (http:/ / www. washingtonpost. com/ wp-dyn/content/ article/ 2008/ 06/ 20/
AR2008062003077_pf.html). The Washington Post. . Retrieved 2009-05-16.
[19] "Demi Lovato Graduates High School" (http:// www. disneydreaming. com/ 2009/ 04/ 23/ demi-lovato-graduates-high-school/). Disney
Dreaming. 2009-04-23. . Retrieved 2011-07-27.
[20] "Demi Lovato America's Next Top Model" (http:// oceanup.com/ 2010/ 09/ 02/ demi-lovato-americas-next-top-model). oceanUP.com. .
Retrieved 2011-07-27.
[21] "Twitter / demetria lovato: About to go live on CNN to" (http:/ / twitter.com/ ddlovato/ status/ 23240015158). Twitter.com. 2010-09-07. .
Retrieved 2011-07-27.
[22] Stephen Silverman (2011-04-14). "Demi Lovato: I Had a Nervous Breakdown" (http:/ / www. people.com/ people/ article/ 0,,20481924,00.
html). People. . Retrieved 2011-04-19.
[23] "Demi Lovato Dishes on Pre-Rehab Problems" (http:/ / popcrush.com/ demi-lovato-pre-rehab-problems/). Popcrush.com. 2012-04-23. .
Retrieved 2012-11-01.
[24] "What could happen to Lovato because of the Camp Rock film" (http:// www. nydailynews. com/ entertainment/tv/ 2008/ 06/ 20/
2008-06-20_camp_rock_film_could_make_demi_lovato_a_.html). New York: www.nydailynews.com. 2008-06-19. . Retrieved 2008-07-13.
[25] Moser, John J. (2009-06-22). "Disney singing sensation Demi Lovato ready for new album, first tour as headliner" (http:// www.
victoriaadvocate. com/ news/ 2009/ jun/ 22/ bc-mus-demilovatoaa-_-entertainment/?entertainment&national-entertainment). The Victoria
Advocate (Victoria Advocate Publishing Co.). . Retrieved 2011-07-20.
[26] "Born to Run? Teen star Demi Lovato launches tour" (http:/ / www. reuters.com/ article/entertainmentNews/
idUSTRE54R3EQ20090528?feedType=RSS&feedName=entertainmentNews). Reuters. 2009-05-28. . Retrieved 2009-05-29.
[27] "High ratings for 'Camp Rock,' the Disney Channel's Jonas Brothers movie | Show Tracker | Los Angeles Times" (http:// latimesblogs.
latimes. com/ showtracker/ 2008/ 06/ high-ratings-fo.html). Latimesblogs.latimes.com. 2008-06-21. . Retrieved 2010-03-10.
[28] "Camp Rock" more one milion on Italy (http:// www. digital-sat. it/ new. php?id=15707)
[29] Kimberly Nordyke (May 20, 2008). "Disney greenlights 'Mollywood'" (http:/ / web.archive. org/web/ 20080528095817/ http:/ / www.
hollywoodreporter.com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3i0a20bf2d051d830ebe1ed2bf32e5392e). The Hollywood Reporter 404: 3. Archived
from the original (http:// www. hollywoodreporter.com/ hr/content_display/ news/ e3i0a20bf2d051d830ebe1ed2bf32e5392e) on May 28,
2008. . Retrieved May 20, 2008.
[30] "Disney Darlings: Selena Gomez and Demi Lovato" (http:/ / www. etonline.com/ news/ 2008/08/ 64623/ index. html). 2008-08-22. .
Retrieved 2008-11-09.
[31] Fries, Laura (2009-06-26). "Princess Protection Program" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ review/VE1117940573). Variety. .
[32] Vena, Jocelyn (2010-04-27). "'Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam' Premieres September 3 On Disney Channel – Movie News Story | MTV Movie
News" (http:// www. mtv. com/ news/ articles/ 1637866/ 20100427/ jonas_brothers.jhtml). Mtv.com. . Retrieved 2010-05-14.
[33] Vena, Jocelyn. "Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam Premier Had 8 Million Viewers" (http:/ / www. bsckids. com/ 2010/ 09/
camp-rock-2-the-final-jam-premier-had-8-million-viewers/ ). .
[34] Disney Channel’s ‘Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam‘ Debuts as No. 1 Cable Movie of 2010 With 8 Million Viewers (http://tvbythenumbers.
com/ 2010/ 09/ 04/ disney-channels-camp-rock-2-the-final-jam-debuts-as-no-1-cable-movie-of-2010-with-8-million-viewers/62218) Posted
on September 4, 2010 by Robert Seidman – tvbythenumbers.com
[35] Cable Top 25: Camp Rock 2, The Closer, Jersey Shore & Rizzoli & Isles Top Week’s Cable Viewing (http:// tvbythenumbers.com/ 2010/
09/08/ cable-top-25-camp-rock-2-the-closer-jersey-shore-rizzoli-isles-top-week s-cable-viewing/62478) Posted on September 8, 2010 by
Robert Seidman
Demi Lovato
120
[36] Disney Channel’s ‘Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam‘ Grooves on Multiple Platforms (http:/ / tvbythenumbers.com/ 2010/ 09/ 09/
disney-channels-camp-rock-2-the-final-jam-grooves-on-multiple-platforms/ 62756) By Robert Seidman– September 9, 2010
[37] Camp Rock 2: The final jam (http:// www.rottentomatoes. com/ m/ camp-rock-2/) on Rotten Tomatoes
[38] Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam (http:/ / www. tv.com/ camp-rock-2-the-final-jam/show/ 77497/ summary. html?q=camp rock 2: the final
jam&tag=search_results;title;1) on TV.com
[39] "Twitter / demetria lovato: For all of you amazing pat" (http:// twitter. com/ddlovato/ status/ 11265427379). Twitter.com. . Retrieved
2010-05-14.
[40] "'Grey's Anatomy' recap: Celebrate good times? Come on! | TV Recap" (http:// www. ew. com/ ew/ article/ 0,,20369231_3,00.html).
EW.com. 2009-11-13. . Retrieved 2010-05-15.
[41] Demi Lovato Is Leaving Sonny with a Chance (http:/ / www. people.com/ people/ article/0,,20483103,00.html?xid=rss-topheadlines&
utm_source=feedburner& utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+people/ headlines+ (PEOPLE.com:+ Top+Headlines)) - People.com
[42] Demi Lovato Exits Disney Series: 'I Don't Think It Would Be Healthy for My Recovery' (http:/ / www. tvline.com/ 2011/ 04/
demi-lovato-exits-sonny-with-a-chance/) - TVLine.com
[43] Sharon Cotliar (2011-04-19). "Demi Lovato Is Leaving Sonny with a Chance" (http:// www. people.com/ people/ article/0,,20483103,00.
html). People. . Retrieved 2011-04-19.
[44] "Demi Lovato - KOKO POP UK" (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1& v=KFFkhGJ_RiY). YouTube. .
Retrieved 2012-05-25.
[45] Antonia Hoyle (2012-04-22). "The fame, the drugs, the self-harm" (http:/ / fabulousmag.co. uk/ 2012/ 04/ 22/
the-fame-the-drugs-the-self-harm/ ). Fabulous. . Retrieved 2012-09-13.
[46] "Camp Rock: Original Television Soundtrack: Music" (http:// www. amazon.com/ dp/ B0017LFKMO). Amazon.com. . Retrieved
2010-03-10.
[47] Donahue, Amy (2008-06-15). "Jonas Brothers thrilling tweens" (http:/ / www. reuters.com/ article/ 2008/ 06/ 15/
music-jonas-dc-idUSN1541696620080615). Reuters Group Limited. . Retrieved 2011-07-07.
[48] "Gold & Platinum – April 2, 2011" (http:/ / www. riaa. com/goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS&
action=& title=& artist=demi lovato& format=&debutLP=&category=&sex=& releaseDate=& requestNo=& type=& level=& label=&
company=& certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=& aSex=& rec_id=&charField=&gold=&platinum=&multiPlat=&
level2=&certDate=& album=&id=& after=&before=&startMonth=1& endMonth=1& startYear=1958& endYear=2011&sort=Artist&
perPage=25). RIAA. . Retrieved 2011-04-03.
[49] "Friends For Change: Disney Groups" (http:// disney. go. com/ disneygroups/ friendsforchange/#/ disneygroups/ friendsforchange/).
Disney.go.com. . Retrieved 2009-10-21.
[50] ""Send It On", an anthem by the world's biggest teen stars, Miley Cyrus, Jonas Brothers, Selena Gomez and Demi Lovato, for Disney's
"Friends For Change: Project Green", will debut on Radio Disney, Disney Channel, disney.com and iTunes" (http:/ / www.
disneychannelmedianet. com/ DNR/ 2009/ doc/ Send_It_On_Disneys_Friends_for_Change _081909.doc) (DOC) (Press release). Disney
Channel. 2009-08-06. . Retrieved 2009-08-20.
[51] "Send It On (feat. Demi Lovato, Jonas Brothers, Miley Cyrus & Selena Gomez) – Single" (http:/ / itunes. apple. com/ WebObjects/
MZStore.woa/ wa/ viewAlbum?id=325770503& s=143441). iTunes Store. Apple Inc.. 2009-08-11. . Retrieved 2009-08-20.
[52] Rizzo, Monica (2009-04-15). "Demi Lovato Launches Summer Tour – Music News, Demi Lovato" (http:// www. people.com/ people/
article/0,,20272598,00. html). People.com. . Retrieved 2010-03-10.
[53] Kaufman, Gil (2009-07-29). "Demi Lovato Achieves First #1 Debut With Here We Go Again" (http:// www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/
1617173/20090729/ lovato__demi. jhtml). Mtv.com. . Retrieved 2010-03-10.
[54] "Demi Lovato on second album" (http:/ / www. sugarslam.com/ demi-lovato-on-second-album/). Sugar Slam. 2009-01-28. . Retrieved
2009-06-13.
[55] "''Here We Go Again'' (2009): Reviews" (http:// www. metacritic.com/ music/ artists/ lovatodemi/ herewegoagain). Metacritic.com. .
Retrieved 2011-07-27.
[56] Mason, Kerri (2009-07-25). "Billboard.com – Here We Go Again" (http:// www. billboard.com/ bbcom/ reviews-album/
here-we-go-again-1003994930.story). Billboard.com. . Retrieved 2009-08-03.
[57] "AllMusic's Favorite Pop Albums of 2009" (http:// blog.allmusic. com/ 2009/ 12/ 17/ allmusics-favorite-pop-albums-of-2009/).
Blog.allmusic.com. 2009-12-17. . Retrieved 2011-07-27.
[58] "Radio Disney Planet Premiere – Here We Go Again" (http:// radio.disney.go.com/ music/ planet_premiere.html). Radio Disney.
2009-06-12. . Retrieved 2009-06-13.
[59] http:/ / www. billboard.com/ #/ artist/ demi-lovato/chart-history/1011430
[60] "Demi's coming to South America!! – MySpace-blog | van Demi Lovato" (http:// blogs. myspace. com/ index.cfm?fuseaction=blog. view&
friendId=71815043& blogId=531920790). Blogs.myspace.com. . Retrieved 2010-05-14.
[61] "Summer tour announcement – MySpace-blog | van Demi Lovato" (http:// blogs.myspace. com/ index.cfm?fuseaction=blog.view&
friendId=71815043& blogId=533484912). Blogs.myspace.com. . Retrieved 2010-05-14.
[62] Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam. "Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam: Various Artists: Music" (http:// www. amazon. com/ o/ ASIN/
B003LXM1IC/ amazonbook021-20/ ref=nosim?newgoozT=2010055&utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter). Amazon.com. .
Retrieved 2012-11-01.
[63] "Demi" (http:/ / www. webcitation. org/607zDgNrh). . Retrieved 2012-11-16.
Demi Lovato
121
[64] "Jonas Brothers 2010 World Tour Camp Rock 2 Tour 20 of the show have been cancelled or moved" (http:// www. disneydreaming.com/
2010/ 04/ 27/ jonas-brothers-2010-world-tour-camp-rock-2-tour/). Disney Dreaming. 2010-04-27. . Retrieved 2010-06-13.
[65] Sonny with a Chance (soundtrack) Billboard listing (http:/ /www. billboard.com/ #/ album/ soundtrack/ sonny-with-a-chance/1392961)
[66] http:// www. allmusic. com/ album/ r1579246
[67] http:/ / www. allmusic. com/ album/ r1602097
[68] "Twitter / demetria lovato: #UNBROKEN !!!!!!!!!!!!" (http:/ /twitter. com/ #!/ddlovato/ status/ 101736037281308673). Twitter.com.
2011-08-11. . Retrieved 2011-08-11.
[69] Dinh, James (2011-07-22). "Demi Lovato To Release New Album September 20" (http:/ / www. mtv. com/ news/ articles/ 1667730/
demi-lovato-new-album-september. jhtml). MTV.com. . Retrieved 2011-07-22.
[70] "Demi Lovato Talks "Camp Rock 2" Tour, New Album, And Joe Jonas | AHN" (http:// www. allheadlinenews. com/ articles/ 7019468542).
Allheadlinenews.com. 2010-08-02. . Retrieved 2010-08-25.
[71] Dinh, James (2011-01-11). "Timbaland Reaches Out To Demi Lovato For A Collaboration" (http:/ / www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/
1655705/ Timbaland-Demi-Lovato-Collaboration.jhtml). MTV. . Retrieved 2011-07-27.
[72] "Hot/Modern/AC Future Releases | Hot Adult Contemporary Rock Songs and Release Dates |" (http:// www.webcitation. org/ 64oeZ1rxE).
Allaccess.com. . Retrieved 2012-01-16.
[73] "Top 40/M Future Releases | Mainstream Hit Songs Being Released and Their Release Dates" (http:// www. webcitation.org/ 64oeJA14D).
Allaccess.com. . Retrieved 2012-01-16.
[74] "Demi Lovato nominated for Best Video With A Message at the 2012 VMA's." (http://www. mtv.com/ ontv/ vma/ 2012/
best-video-with-a-message/ ). MTV. 2012-07-31. . Retrieved 2012-07-31.
[75] "Demi Lovato Starts Work on Her Fourth Album" (http:// www. sawfnews. com/ Entertainment/68532.aspx). Sawfnews.com. . Retrieved
2012-11-01.
[76] https:/ / twitter.com/ #!/ddlovato/ status/ 187759536814297089
[77] https:/ / twitter.com/ #!/ddlovato/ status/ 188914184925360128
[78] "Demi Lovato Reveals She is Recording Fourth Album Soon" (http:/ / www. kovideo.net/
demi-lovato-reveals-she-is-recording-fourth-album-soon-news-demi-lovato-6153.html). Kovideo.net. 2012-09-01. . Retrieved 2012-11-01.
[79] ashley e. says:. "Demi Lovato To Release New Single By December" (http:// www. bsckids. com/ 2012/ 08/
demi-lovato-to-release-new-single-by-december/ ). Bsckids.com. . Retrieved 2012-11-01.
[80] "Demi Lovato VMAs: Will Hit the Studio to Record New Album Following MTV Event [VIDEO] : News" (http:// www. mstarz. com/
articles/ 4467/ 20120901/ demi-lovato-vmas-will-hit-the-studio-to-record-new-album-following-mtv-event.htm). Mstarz. 2012-09-01. .
Retrieved 2012-11-01.
[81] http:/ / www. huffingtonpost.com/ 2012/ 10/ 08/ demi-lovato-teen-vogue-co_n_1949419.html
[82] Kaufman, Gil (May 2, 2012). "Demi Lovato, Miley Cyrus Rumored For 'X Factor' Judge Spot" (http:// www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/
1684289/ demi-lovato-x-factor-judge-miley-cyrus.jhtml). Mtv.com. . Retrieved May 16, 2012.
[83] Posted: 05/13/2012 10:48 pm Updated: 05/13/2012 10:56 pm (2012-05-13). "'The X Factor' Judges: Demi Lovato Signs Deal (REPORT)"
(http:// www.huffingtonpost. com/ 2012/ 05/ 13/ the-x-factor-judges-demi-lovato_n_1513609.html). Huffingtonpost.com. . Retrieved May
16, 2012.
[84] "The X Factor New Judges" (http:// www. thexfactorusa.com/ articles/ the-x-factor-new-judges). TheXFactorUSA.com. May 14, 2012. .
Retrieved May 14, 2012.
[85] "BRITNEY SPEARS AND DEMI LOVATO JOIN THE X FACTOR JUDGES' PANEL" (http:/ /www. thexfactorusa.com/ articles/
the-x-factor-new-judges). The X Factor USA. Fox Broadcasting Company. May 14, 2012. . Retrieved May 25, 2012.
[86] "Join the Sourge Spokesperson" (http:// www. demilovatoweb. com/ join-the-sourge-spokesperson/ ). Demi Lovato Web. . Retrieved
2010-08-25.
[87] "Demi Lovato Accepts Eosinophilic Honorary Ambassador Award « Crushable" (http:/ /crushable. com/ entertainment/
demi-lovato-accepts-eosinophilic-honorary-ambassador-award/). Crushable.com. 2009-05-12. . Retrieved 2010-08-25.
[88] "Voto Latino campaign, January 10, 2010" (http:// demilovatodaily.com/ news. php?start_from=232&ucat=& archive=&subaction=&
id=& ). demilovatodaily.com. . Retrieved 2011-12-03.
[89] "PSA | Voto Latino – Be Counted...Represent!" (http:// www. votolatino.org/becounted/ psa/ ). Voto Latino. 2010-01-05. . Retrieved
2010-05-14.
[90] "bsckids.com" (http:/ / www. bsckids. com/ 2010/ 10/ demi-lovato-does-a-day-made-better-school-advocacy-campaign/). .
[91] "demilovatoweb.com" (http:/ / www. demilovatoweb. com/ officemax-a-day-made-better-school-advocacy-campaign/). .
[92] "looktothestars.org" (http:// www. looktothestars. org/ celebrity/1802-demi-lovato#ixzz12c103WLQ). .
[93] "Demi Lovato Opens Up About the Pressure to Be Perfect" (http:/ / www. seventeen. com/ health/ tips/ demi-lovato-hub). Seventeen.
2011-04-19. . Retrieved 2011-04-19.
[94] http:/ / www. mtv. com/ news/ articles/ 1694351/ demi-lovato-mean-stinks-bullying.jhtml
[95] "Demi Talks About Her Influences" (http:// www. bopandtigerbeat.com/ 2011/ 09/ demi-talks-about-her-influences/). BOP and Tiger Beat
Online. September 8, 2011. . Retrieved June 14, 2012.
[96] Chris Harris (2008-08-29). "Demi Lovato metalhead?" (http:/ / www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/ 1593780/ 20080828/ lovato__demi.jhtml).
MTV. . Retrieved 2008-12-22.
Demi Lovato
122
[97] Martin, Lara (July 22, 2011). "Demi Lovato to release album in September: 'It showcases my vocals'" (http:// www. digitalspy.co. uk/
music/news/ a331110/ demi-lovato-to-release-album-in-september-it-showcases-my-vocals.html). Digital Spy (Hachette Filipacchi UK). .
Retrieved July 22, 2011.
[98] Miers, Jeff (July 31, 2009). "Demi Lovato shows her talents on new disc" (http:/ / www. buffalonews.com/ incoming/ article5800.ece). The
Buffalo News (Berkshire Hathaway). . Retrieved October 9, 2011.
[99] [99] Malkin, Marc; Malec, Brett (August 15, 2011). "Why Demi Lovato Will "Shock Everybody" With Comeback Album". E! Online.
[100] Brain, Becky (September 7, 2011). "Demi Lovato ‘Unbroken’: Fall Preview" (http:/ / idolator.com/ 5996492/
demi-lovato-unbroken-fall-music-preview). Idolator. . Retrieved September 16, 2011.
[101] "Solo Act" (http:/ / www. teenvogue. com/ industry/ 2009/ 02/ demi-lovato-goes-solo). Teen Vogue. . Retrieved 2009-04-14.
[102] "Demi Lovato tweets God" (http:/ / www. winnipegfreepress.com/ arts-and-life/entertainment/celebrities/ 136813003.html). Winnipeg
Free Press. 2012-01-06. . Retrieved 2012-01-09.
[103] Cotlier, Sharon (2010-03-13). "Demi Lovato Confirms She's Dating Joe Jonas" (http:// www. people.com/ people/ article/ 0,,20351501,00.
html). People. . Retrieved 2010-03-13.
[104] "Demi Lovato and Joe Jonas on their Break Up: Teen Vogue Cover Story: Industry Insider" (http:/ / www. teenvogue.com/ industry/
coverlook/2010/ 07/ joe-jonas-demi-lovato-teen-vogue-august-2010?currentPage=2). teenvogue.com. . Retrieved 2010-08-25.
[105] "Live Chat with Demi Lovato" (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=J6ecmy1VfuA). youtube.com. 2011-05-30. . Retrieved 2012-07-31.
[106] "Demi Lovato Treats Family to a Home - on Her Birthday" (http:// www. teenhollywood.com/ 2010/ 08/ 21/
lovato-treats-family-to-a-home-on-her-birthday). TeenHollywood.com. 2010-08-21. . Retrieved 2010-08-25.
[107] "Demi Lovato Buys a House - Demi Lovato" (http:/ / www. hollyscoop.com/ demi-lovato/ demi-lovato-buys-a-house_19889.aspx).
Hollyscoop.com. 2009-04-13. . Retrieved 2010-08-25.
[108] "Demi Lovato Enters Treatment Center for "Issues"" (http:/ /www. eonline.com/ uberblog/
b208889_demi_lovato_enters_treatment_center.html). E! Online. 2010-11-01. . Retrieved 2011-04-03.
[109] "Demi Lovato Quits Tour, Enters Treatment Center" (http:// www. tmz. com/ 2010/ 11/ 01/
demi-lovato-quits-tour-enters-rehab-jonas-brothers-concert-treatment/ ). TMZ. 2010-11-01. . Retrieved 2010-11-01.
[110] Jocelyn Vena (2010-11-01). "Demi Lovato Enters Treatment Center, Leaves Tour" (http:// www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/ 1651297/
20101101/ lovato__demi. jhtml). www.mtv.com. . Retrieved 2010-11-02.
[111] Sharon Cotliar (2010-11-03). "Demi Lovato: Details of the Fight that Sent Her to Treatment" (http:/ / www. people. com/ people/ article/
0,,20439172,00.html). People. . Retrieved 2011-01-21.
[112] Sharon Cotliar (2010-12-24). "Alex Welch Is Happy About Settlement with Demi Lovato" (http:// www. people. com/ people/ article/
0,,20453132,00.html). People. . Retrieved 2011-01-21.
[113] Sharon Cotliar (2011-01-28). "Demi Lovato Finishes Treatment" (http:// www. people.com/ people/ article/0,,20461843,00.html).
People. . Retrieved 2011-01-28.]
[114] Sarah Hammel (2010-11-02). "Disney Supports Demi Lovato's Decision to Seek Treatment" (http:/ / www. people. com/ people/ article/
0,,20438701,00.html). People. . Retrieved 2010-11-02.
[115] "Demi Lovato's Heartfelt Message To Fans" (http:// www. cambio. com/ shorts/ demi-lovato-s-heartfelt-message-to-fans). Cambio. .
Retrieved 2011-04-03.
[116] "Demi Lovato Exclusive Interview" (http:/ / www.seventeen. com/ entertainment/features/ exclusive-interview-demi-lovato#fbIndex1).
Seventeen. 2012-01-04. .
[117] Janice Johnston (2011-04-19). "Demi Lovato Interview: Teen Star Opens Up on Bulimia, Cutting Issues" (http:/ / abcnews. go.com/
Entertainment/demi-lovato-interview-teen-star-opens-bulimia-cutting/story?id=13405090&page=1). ABC News. . Retrieved 2011-04-19.
[118] "'Disney' Star Demi Lovato: I'm Bipolar" (http:/ / www. foxnews.com/ entertainment/ 2011/ 04/ 20/ disney-star-demi-lovato-im-bipolar/).
Fox News. 2011-04-20. .
[119] "Demi Lovato Opens Up About the Pressure to Be Perfect" (http://www.seventeen. com/ health/ tips/ demi-lovato-hub). Seventeen.
2011-04-19. . Retrieved 2011-04-19.]
[120] Twitter status: "I find it really funny how a company can lose one of their actress' from the pressures of an EATING DISORDER and yet
still make joke about.." (https:/ / twitter.com/ #!/ddlovato/ statuses/ 150381654119153665)
[121] "Twitter / demetria lovato: ...that very disease" (https:/ / twitter.com/ ddlovato/ statuses/ 150381720930234368). Twitter.com. 2011-12-23.
. Retrieved 2012-03-27.
[122] "Twitter / demetria lovato: Dear Disney Channel, EATIN" (https:/ / twitter.com/ ddlovato/ statuses/ 150383611907031041). Twitter.com.
2011-12-23. . Retrieved 2012-03-27.
[123] Marcus, Stephanie (2011-12-23). "Demi Lovato Slams Disney For Eating Disorder Joke On 'Shake It Up' (UPDATE)" (http:/ / www.
huffingtonpost.com/ 2011/ 12/ 23/ demi-lovato-slams-disney-for-eating-disorder-joke-on-shake-it-up_n_1168436.html). Huffingtonpost.com.
. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
[124] https:// twitter.com/ #!/DisneyChannelPR/ status/ 150418514426081281
[125] "Demi Lovato Slams Disney Channel - Eating Disorder Joke" (http:/ / www. gossipcop. com/
demi-lovato-slams-disney-channel-eating-disorder-joke-shake-it-up/). Gossip Cop. 2011-12-23. . Retrieved 2012-01-16.
[126] "Demi Lovato Fans Upset Over Last Episode Of So Random" (http:// disneyinfonet.com/ 2011/ 08/ 18/
demi-lovato-fans-upset-over-last-episode-of-so-random-ddlovato-therealtiffany-disneychanphoto/ ). Disney InfoNet. 2011-08-18. . Retrieved
2012-01-16.
Demi Lovato
123
[127] "Demi Lovato: Stay Strong | Full Episodes, Photos, Episode Synopsis and Recaps" (http:/ / www. mtv.com/ shows/
demi_lovato_stay_strong/series. jhtml). MTV. . Retrieved 2012-05-25.
[128] Vena, Jocelyn (2012-03-01). "'Demi Lovato: Stay Strong' Trailer: Must-See Moments - Music, Celebrity, Artist News" (http:/ / www. mtv.
com/ news/ articles/ 1680267/ demi-lovato-stay-strong-trailer-moments.jhtml). MTV.com. . Retrieved 2012-05-25.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. demilovato.com/ )
• Demi Lovato's channel (https:/ / www. youtube.com/ user/ therealdemilovato) on YouTube
• Demi Lovato (https:/ / plus. google. com/ 117470186211775300612/ about) on Google+
• Demi Lovato (http:// www. imdb.com/ name/ nm1416215/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
Article Sources and Contributors
124
Article Sources and Contributors
Selena Gomez  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=528867039  Contributors: -Erick-, 0z, 11yancazosj, 13.M.J.A, 19helena91, 21655, 3193th, 68DANNY2, 721Tiki, 9993LEO,
ABC1356msep1, AJona1992, AMK152, AWfan, Abb615, Abelmoreira, AbiRichardSatya, Acalamari, Acebloo, Acroterion, AdabowtheSecond, Addisonn., Addshore, Admc2006, Agrady8,
Agusx12, AhnSoonKyung, Aitias, Ajfuturewriter, Akcvtt, AkoDanielle, Akrein9, Alamaniania, Alan9, Alansohn, Aldo samulo, Alec2011, AleeDear, Alessandro De Angelis, Alex T., Alfasst,
Alisha208, Alix195, All Hallow's Wraith, Alliepup14, Alphachimp, Altayg Ngazhar, Altzinn, AlySsa Cyrus, Amalthea, Amaury, Amchow78, Amer10, Americanidol111, Amprocks, Andonic,
Andradetony, Andrew c, Andrewlp1991, Andy19971997, Andybigbro2, Andypp123, Aneesharry, Anen87, AngelaBallard4474, Angelgirlboodyboy, Animecutie, Annapakman, Anonymus232,
Antandrus, Antha1313, Antidisestablishmentarianism12804, Antonio Lopez, Aquasplash2004, Aralyn1999, Arbies92, Arhi4ever, Ariane Lope, Arlo97, ArrEmmDee, Arre 9, Artistdude64,
Artyem95, Arular, AscherSE4N, Ashdeep Singh, Ashkljma, Ashlawnpb, Ashley401, AshliDV, Asian921, Astral, Astronaut, AstronomyGirly, Atd101, AthirahFasihah, Athn, Atomiser2003,
Auntof6, AussieLegend, AussieLegend2, Avalanchebad, B, BD2412, BRAINSnfun, BRUTE, Babar Suhail, Babiian6el, Babiiblooma4eva, Baby Don't Dance, Babydollgonewrong,
Babyjazspanail, Babywishescute, Badgirlssclub, Basakyalcin, Bate15, Bazmin, Bebebabiix0, Beeeeeeeeew, Behnam mancini, Beland, Bencey, Bender235, Betacommand, BetoCG, Beverlyhillsx,
Bff101, Bibliomaniac15, BigL2066, Bigaireatscheese, Bigdaddy1981, Biggins93, Bigsean0300, BillRitch, Binabik80, Biodin, Blackguitar316, Blackychan26, Blaineley, BlastingBalloon, Blitz
Lutte, Bllix, Bloodbath 87, Blue Marble, Blue37, BlueAg09, BluejacketT, Bluescarred, Bobo192, Bongwarrior, Bonkers The Clown, Bookluvr107, Bovineboy2008, Br'er Rabbit, Brackenheim,
BragoJJ, BrandonFurtado, Bravofan41, Braza258, Brendan4hsm, Brendasong, Briddish, Brittflick 1994, Btilm, Buddy13, Butter555, C.Fred, C777, CPGirlAJ, CTF83!, CWenger, CWii,
CaRaNt11, Cacrop, Caiaffa, Cait g328, Caitlin202, Calciumwaste, CallidoraBlack, Calliegal, Calvin 1998, CambridgeBayWeather, Cameron33268110, CamirynAnn, Camw, Can't sleep, clown
will eat me, Canadaolympic989, CanadianLinuxUser, Candyo32, Canuckian89, CapitalR, CardinalDan, Carl.bunderson, Carlette Quinto, Carlitohm11, Casey1817, Cat333, Cavsdude32, Ccrashh,
CeciliaS, CelebrityGossipGirl, Celestra, Celiesia, Ceres987, Cesium 133, Cest-moi-baybee, Cflat2806, Chadda, Changedforbetter, Chantessy, CharCharOverOver11, Charitwo, Charlie White,
CharlieFisher, CharmedFreak123, Chasewc91, Chatfecter, Cheesyperson1995, Chelo61, Cheriepoon, Chieframhorn, Chigurgh, Chiharu2shi, Chimchar556, ChipmunkRaccoon, Chipmunkdavis,
ChocolateRibbons960, Chokolatchp, Chowbok, Chris wong999, Chrism, Chrissy200714, ChristianGirl2, Churaru, Chzz, Circusstar, Clarindakool, Cliff smith, Closedmouth, Cmchannel,
Cncxbox, Codywarren08, Coffee, CollisionCourse, CommonsDelinker, Confession0791, Connormah, Coolgirlnyc123, Coolio348, Corvus cornix, Courcelles, Coventry2423, Cowardly Lion,
Cowgod14, Crakkerjakk, Crash Underride, Craziechix01, CrazyMonkey-Beware, Crystal Clear x3, Crystal101101, CrystalicIsMe, Crythias, Crzygrl3, Curb Chain, Curtlee2002, Cybercobra,
Cyrax55, DBigXray, DCEdwards1966, DCFan101, Dancechic123, Daniel, Danny toons, Danregal, DantODB, Dario0807, DarkfireII2, Darkspots, Darrenhusted, DasallmächtigeJ, Dasani,
David101jam, Dbunkley6, Deathdangerz, Debresser, Decodet, DegrassiFreak, Dekan871, Delicious carbuncle, DeltaQuad, Demi11lovato11, Demi1993, Demi2009, Demi2011, Demi818,
DemiLovato, DemiLovato15, Denniss, DerHexer, Derek R Bullamore, Destroyer Time, Dha, DianaVickersFan, Diego Grez, Diem nguyen, Digitalone, Digomez, Dimadick, Dinertime444, Dirga
Luthfi, Discospinster, Disney09, DisneyMania, Diving2010, Divya2011, Diwas, DjRanger37, Djodjo666, Djrash, Dobie80, Doctorkc, Doczilla, Don-dk, Donikanuhiu, Dontforgetthisone,
Doorsfan2009, Dorella, Dorian200, Dpm12, DrStrangelove64, Dragonmonster8, DramaQueen9118162, DreadfullyDespised, Dreadstar, DreamStar05, Dreamafter, Dru of Id, Dumlove,
Durneydiaz, Dvferret, Dylanraymusic, E-man615, E. Fokker, EC94, ERcheck, Easy12345, Ebyabe, Eclarefan1, Ecmce, Ed112111, Eddie5000, Edgars2007, EdisonLite, Edna23, Eeekster,
Electroide, Elenseel, Elipongo, Elizium23, Ella Plantagenet, Emi x3, Emmawilliams, Emo777, Emoll, Empezardesdecero1718, Enciclopediaenlinea, Enoky, Epbr123, Ericdelkorocks, Eronel189,
Escape Orbit, Estheroliver, Etrigan, Eugh jei, Eumolpo, Evb-wiki, Eve27 2009, Everyking, Evilchild967, Evncollin, Ewigneeo818, Excirial, Exenola, Exor674, Exuberant, F.morett, FLYER19,
Falcon8765, Fan4me, Fanficgurl, Fashungrl04, Fastester, Favonian, Fei818, Fetchcomms, Ff22, Fghmhg, Filipão, Fishhead2100, Footballchamp0909, FortyFootEcho, Fourthords, Fourviz,
Foxcloud, Fredler Brave, Frehley, Frickeg, Friends007, Fruityfresh, Funnybunny44, Fussycar, Fvquebr, GD1223, GMANGRIFFG, Gabbbii, Gadeshina33, Gage12345, Gakusha, GateKeeper,
Gato101jd, Gboichris, Gdaly7, Gdaly93, Geekboy6, Gellarsgrudge, George Ponderevo, Georgie 20, Geraldo Perez, Gersende, Gertie1999, GiantSnowman, Gikü, Gilo1969, Gimmetoo,
Gimmetrow, Ginab31, GioLib, Giogarcia16, GiovyGabrielEd, GiovyGabrielEd15, Giovyed, Glane23, GlassCobra, Gman124, Gmangriffg, Gnaturefantasy, Gnowxilef, Gnowydnaxilef,
GoPurpleNGold24, GoingBatty, GoldFlower, Gongshow, GoodBuy, Gossip--girls-xoxo, GossipGirl92, Gothica36, Gpratts06, Graceannhill, Greclahah, GreenBayPackersfan09, Greswik, Ground
Zero, GuardedLover, HD325, HJ Mitchell, HalfShadow, Hallen455, Halosecrets0032, Hamad amiri, Hannahcrazy, Hannahhelpz, Happypan21, Happypan26, Harrisju, Harry lp,
Harry-potter-mania, HarryandtheTrio, Harvardstudent, Headstrong neiva, Hekerui, HiLoser, High School Musical909, Hijikilimipiuitiyi, Hipzip 14, Hmains, HobbesFriend4321, Hollywood679,
Home05748, Hometown Kid, Honey Bee Real, Horkana, Horse lover 1086, HorseGirl070605, Hoyleslr, Hpmosley, Hughes&kaelin, Huntster, Hwawkk, IGAT, IHateDrama!!101, IW.HG,
IamWRENALD, Ianonavy, Icandy123, Icealien33, Ieatchicken9, Iesorto, Igetitcrackinlikebagbag, Ihrtwiki, Ijnisthepassword, Iknow23, IllaZilla, Ilovethe2000s, Iloveyoohxx89, IluvLovato123,
Iluvmarchingband, Iluvselenagomez1234, Imaginart, Imarieexoxo, Imorthodox23, Ino maNgamore, Instaurare, Intelligentsium, Intelligentsock, Intercom 1, IntoCreativeJan, Ipodnano05,
Irishguy, Irrypride, Itsbydesign, Ivanjim, Ixfd64, J Milburn, J-love-lee, J.delanoy, J36miles, J3zz1c8, JASBarney3, JDDJS, JForget, JNW, Jack Merridew, Jackgill06, Jackie d. alarcón,
Jackmiami, Jackollie, Jackson 08, Jacksonori47, Jacobsnchz, Jad7753, Jaga185, Jaggers76, Jagunde, JaimeAnnaMoore, JamesAM, Jarjarbinks10, Jarzu, JasonAQuest, JasonDaFaro, Jayce0814,
Jayjaykk124, Jeancey, Jeffmeck22, Jeffposaka, Jeremynxn, Jerome0012, JerryYelton, Jespah, Jesusmariajalisco, Jezreelver, Jimothytrotter, Jivecat, Jj2k8, Jmagicvamp, Jmillerwriter, Jmusc85,
Jnorton7558, Jnorton7558 (alt), JoFerg, Jobrogal, Joe59108, JoeJonasMileyCyrus, John Vandenberg, John of Reading, JohnWilshere, Johncl87, Johnny0929, Johnpacklambert, Jonadin93,
JonathanD., Jonathanfu, Jondel, Jonhmayer-fã, Jonnyt 123, JonoRayner, Jordan Chuck, Jordan Shields, JosephJames6, Josh752, Joshbaringer13, Joshua Scott, Jpappas130, Jsupra, Jthemanrock,
Juanacho, Juandy004, Juggler821, Juliaisbrittney, Julianster, Jushen, JustSome1, Justicetr, Justin 7758, Justme89, KADcutie44, KIRILL95, Kairo davis, Kalliequeen, Kaltenmeyer, Kanghuitari,
Kanonkas, Karaku, Karina-Kaylee, Katemorganishere, KathyCQ, Kelisi, KelleyCook, Kellylyn93, KeltieMartinFan, Kenny09, Keraunoscopia, Kevpark, Kielz85, Kiki360, Kikkokalabud,
KimMeanu, Kimberly camba, Kimiko20, Kimusa1, King Lopez, King007ofrock, Kitkatleen, Kjramesh, Kkim photo, Kkim photoo, Kmethod, Kmhkmh, Kmstar, Konrad4321, Krisha531,
Kristen287, Kryten500, Ktayr, Ktjames, Kudret abi, Kukini, Kurt Shaped Box, Kushal one, Kwesiidun91, Kww, Kya-Sofia, L'papillon, L3eater, LL2887, LUCY1995, Lacon432, Lady Lotus,
Lady5555501, Lalaliana17, Lancini87, Lane, Laurarobb, Lawl95, Lawrence Cohen, LeaveSleaves, Levardi, Lewis Robinson, Lewis odane, Lexiecreator, Lexusuns, Libbreje, LifesWonderful,
Lightning41, Lika2672, LikeTheWind, LilHelpa, Lilchan92, Liljabbakid, Lilmissrusso, Limetolime, Linkinaha, Lipesbatista, Liquidkernel, Liquidluck, Lishowronsakura, Lisssii babii,
Littlegirlpunk, Live Light, LiveInLove20, LoganTheGeshrat, Logflume12, Logical2u, Looper5920, Lothar von Richthofen, Lotus Wolf, Lovejbforlife, Lovesongs41, Lpbrunette13, Luckio6464,
Luckyslimester, Luckyz, Luk, Luna Santin, M.B.T.C, M.Sunshine, M3rlyzZ, MBisanz, Ma t, Mach2moo, Mack2, Mackenziealice, Macoa, Madiiiehh, Magic246, Magioladitis, Maitri.uppaluri,
MakeLove91, Maldek2, Mallerd, Malleus Fatuorum, Malpass93, Mamaremere, Manuelle Magnus, MaquinaDeRD, Marikagirl12, MarkLorica, MarsRover, Martin451, Martin4647,
Martinanguiano, Mas 18 dl, Mattgirling, Matthewedwards, Maurice16, Mavbab3, Max leon, Mcrfobrockr, Mehotluv, Mehta1991, Melanie2408, Melikbilge, Meliss402, Mentifisto, Merynancy,
Mianghuei, Michaelsbll, MickWithoutGlasses, Miiikoooo, Mike Payne, Mikha35, Mikokat, Milerz91, Milesbetter, Mileycyrussoulja, MissIndependent537, Mjeffsc, Modi mode, Monegasque,
Monkelese, MonsterHighgirl, Moodgo, Moondyne, Morbidthoughts, MotleySabbathMaiden, Movieguruman, Movingboxes, Moxy, Mr.Slinks, Mrs.perfect, Mschel, Msladi0014475, Mu,
Muppet321, Musdan77, MusicBoi94, Musicalmelody, Musiclover98765, Mwinog2777, NIVINCo, Nagy, Nakon, NarutoD444, Nathan92295, Nehal.pr, NeilN, Neirgb818, Neisi59, NejiLoverr,
Nemesis63, NeoBatfreak, NewInThe2, Nickiwilliams, Nicolas1981, NigaHigaFan2, Night Fight, Nikofeelan, Nima1024, Ninjawarriordex, Nirinsanity, Niteshift36, Niyavacivaci, NrDg, Nsk92,
Nv8200p, Nymf, Nyoplaid, OAVJunior, OOODDD, Oda Mari, Odhfan 01, Officialofjennisandtk, Ohconfucius, Ohmygod1234, Okazakiakane, Okki, Oky103, Olly150, One Night In Hackney,
OneWeirdDude, OneWorld91, Oneononetvseries, Only, Onlybyu, Oogadabaga, Openmy, Ospinad, Otto4711, Ottre, Oxymoron83, PMDrive1061, Palmer-Ridge, PancakeMistake, Pandasand,
Paola347, Paolina rosa, Part of me 2, Patches9713, Patrickrox11, Paul A, Paul Erik, Pedro João, Penguino6, Penn state football, Peregrine Fisher, PeterLentens45, Phaeton23, Pharaoh of the
Wizards, PhenomRIP, Philipderby, PhnomPencil, Pinkgirl1995, Pinkskate8, Pinoy Pride, Pioneersbrog, PixieLottFan, Pknkly, PlamenRusev, Plastikspork, Pokerdance, Pol-m-32, Polly,
Postlewaight, PowerRanger101, PrancerFrenchFrie, Prayer for the wild at heart, Prepelos, Pretty Girl 101, Prfo, Prodego, Prooktastic, PsychoSchuyler, Puertorico1, Puramyun31,
Purpleshopper210, Pwersa ng Pilipino, Qpiango, Qtaha, QuasyBoy, Quell, Quentin X, Quinton100, R8er925, RBBrittain, RORLVR1, RS485, Rachel.Lynn, RadioIzzy, Rafatisd, Rafazero27,
RafikiSykes, Raghav sharma96, Raiandmaya, Rainbow015, Raine neiva, Randolph3, Randomjohn, Ratemonth, Ravenscroft32, Razorflame, Rbdfan723, Rebel shadow, Renesemee, RexNL,
Rhain1999, Rhiannon Taylor, Rickbrownholland, Rickterp, RickyYayo3, RightSideNov, Ripkenfan86, Robert Moore, Rockachic38, Rockin56, Rockintheoc, Rodhullandemu, Roelsu, Rogo9878,
RomeAntic14, Romina123456789, RonBatfreak, Roocksana, Rose64bud, Roselily6, Rosemaryamey, Ross92, Rsrikanth05, Rsymone, Runefrost, Rusted AutoParts, Rvir0522, Ryan-McCulloch,
RyanG222, SD5, STCooper1, SamChambers, Samiha rayeda, Sammywand365, Sandwichluver, Santiagokdasilva1, SbuxPrincess, Scarian, Sceptre, Schinella1, Schmiteye, SchuminWeb,
ScorchOurBodies, Scotland545, ScottMHoward, SelGomezFan3, SelenaFan1089, SelenaRules, Selenaismylife555, Selgomezluvrr, Serbchick93, Serienfan2010, Seth Bresnett, Sethjohnson95,
Setsuna29, Sg2sb2000, Sgfayeq, Sgtcore, Shadzane, Shakesomeaction, ShelfSkewed, Shelfro, ShizukaRose, ShuffleStop, SidCurtis10, Sierracool92, Silvergoat, Simon.hess, Simplebutpowerful,
Sinternational, SkyWalker, SkyeSweetnam4ever, Slakr, Slatersteven, SlimVirgin, Slimey01, Smijes08, Smileykins, Smithj22, Smithsburg, Snaxbowl, Snowflakerockz, Soccer5525,
Soccerguy220, Socutesopretty, Sofffie7, Sofia3434, Sofio201, Soophiiaa, Sophims, Sophomore.14, SorryGuy, SoulPunkerKev182, Soulyaboy, Spanky1991, Sparks Fly, Sparks13fan, Spears154,
SpeedexS-19, Spelling Style, Spinneroody, Sprite7868, Ss112, Stage11, Staka, Stanmar, Star141, Starkluver13, Starrynites, Starswept, Status, Steam5, Stellath, Stephanie J Stone,
Stephanierpicha, Stephe1987, Stephenjamesx, Steven Zhang, Steveo2, Stimulieconomy, Storytellershrink, StovePicture, StrawberryPink, Streamerlovesmusic, Studerby, Study-Of-The-Stars,
SummerPhD, Sunfeet, SuperHamster, Supermanjde1996, Superstar911, Surfergirldiva, Swinquest, THAOlula, TKD, TMC1982, Tableclothes, Takeera, Talk2me2day, Talker122, Tarheelz123,
TatyanaR, Taxman, Taylor Lane, TaylorGurl678, Tbhotch, Teman13, Tempodivalse, Terrillja, TexasAndroid, ThatRadEmoCass, ThatsRandom98, The Gnome, The Master of disguises, The
Thing That Should Not Be, TheBananaRepublic, TheGerm, TheNewPhobia, Thealex1996, Thebrainthinker, Theferrariboy, Thefunnyjill, Thegraciousfew, Thegreat100, Therealdavo2,
Thesadisticcheeseburgerpickle1, Thevampireashlee, Thingg, Thivierr, Tholme, Tiah12345, Tide rolls, Tiffanyevansfan92, Till, Timrollpickering, TingyueWains, Tinkerbell78, Tinky steph,
TinribsAndy, Tinton5, Tiptoety, TiraSadiyah, Tmurphy101, Toglenn, Tombraiderlegend, Tomcess27, Tommy2010, Tony1, TonyTheTiger, TonyWDA, ToonsFan, Torak, Torch1992,
Tostadaswithcheese, Toughpigs, Tpbradbury, Transity, Treyvo, TriiipleThreat, Trom120, Tshill9, Tubesurfer, Tweetsabird, Tykunzelman98, Tynchtyk Chorotegin, Typhoon966, Tyrael123,
Tzobell, Ulmorales23, UltimatePyro, Ultraman X77, Undertaker1965, Undertakerhbk588, Unreal7, Usb10, Usnerd, VJ13A, Valve2011, Vanished user 920dow9ijdjh3lkd, Varun.mansinghka,
Vascorock84, Vasocheewm2012, Vcelloho, Vera Naumova, VersaceModella, Vidisha89, Vinsfan368, Vokidas, Volleyballqueen12, VoluntarySlave, Vox Humana 8', WAVY 10 Fan,
WadeSimMiser, Waiwaifan, Ward3001, Wayne Slam, Wecry, WelcomeAtlas, Welovelovato, Welsh, Welsh-girl-Lowri, Wexcan, WhatGuy, Whatever318, WhoSays, WibWobble, WikHead,
WikiBob47, WikiPikiUser, Wikialexdx, Wikid77, Wikifan502, Wikigleek., Wikisergiowiki, Wikiwowwow, Wildhartlivie, Will-Martins, WillSmithsTopFan, Willgustavo, Willthacheerleader18,
WinterWonderland22, WonderBuono!, Woohookitty, Wormow, Wreckedd08, X-xHeadStrongx-x, X2sh0rt4ux, XBree 123X, XESR, XTommes2, Xjustbreathe, Xoxjloveleexox, Xx kidschoice
xx, Xxmaddie216, Xxmonikaxx, Y0br4nduhn, Yamla, Yankeesrj12, Yasminerihanna, Yoguy11, YungSilver, Z105space, ZSoraz, Zach Benjamin, Zaeriuraschi, Zammit123, Zaque 24, Ziansh,
Zidonuke, Ziggaway, Zoe, Zrlopez, Zvika, ~Ryan Mckenzie~, Александър, Максим Макс Захаров, 876 anonymous edits
Article Sources and Contributors
125
2011 MTV Europe Music Awards  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=527818004  Contributors: Aaaa12341, Aspekt.RUS, Avidmosh, Bangorni, Barbl14, Beyoncefan4ever,
Biagio2103, Britneyspears961, Bupdate, Cheszy, Chie one, Cymru123, DVdm, Danrivera, Dawynn, De728631, Denis gorban, Dupewrest, Elekimante, Epbr123, Fernandosmission, Feudonym,
Frous, GalaKapanadze, Grk1011, Handsopened, Ibholly123, Ilham wilson, Imperatore, J36miles, Jeff G., Kww, Lleennkkaa, LostIntheCityLights, Mahahahaneapneap, Melly42, Milca jnr,
Mishukdero, Nua eire, PokerFace3, Rackshea, Rich Farmbrough, SQGibbon, Sdw4, SmoLu, Sonzslimshady, Spacejam2, T-resh, Tainter, Tvstrela, Ultrabeyonce, Vektor4, Wind of freedom,
Xelaxa, Xxvid, Yunshui, Zidanie5, 340 anonymous edits
2011 MuchMusic Video Awards  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=521316349  Contributors: AddZack, Anthonyd3ca, Ary29, BD2412, Benwoki, Cloverboy19, DaGangBanga,
GoingBatty, Neelix, Ozkithar Salas, Pepepe2009, Plastikspork, Qafreeman23, RKellyKYJelly, Roodog2k, StAnselm, Wikilover223, Woohookitty, 144 anonymous edits
A Cinderella Story  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=526772835  Contributors: *drew, 0dd1, AGK, Aaliyah Essop, Abby 94, Ahmedridwan, Aleenf1, Andycjp,
Angelofmusic312, Animefan30, Ashleyy osaurus, Avjoska, Azria9, Azumanga1, BCF124, Backslash Forwardslash, Benedicto16, Bensin, Benstiller22222, BillTaylor2, Bluedame, Bobet,
Bobo192, Bouncedebounce, Bovineboy2008, Bryan Seecrets, Calabe1992, Calibry-28, Caltas, Cayla, Cbrown1023, Chadmichaelmurray, Chantessy, Chasewc91, Chris the speller, ChristinaJane,
Ckatz, Closedmouth, Cncxbox, Colonies Chris, Conny, Costlab, Cowboyzaznkid, Ctbolt, Cuddlecake, Cuddlecakes, Cute 1 4 u, Cw6165, CyclopsScott, Dancter, Dasani, Datepalm17, David
Gerard, Deville, Dipankan001, Dirga Luthfi, Disneynickrocks4, Download, DraakUSA, Dream 519, Dtobias, Ed Poor, Eidelbus, Elizium23, Ella Plantagenet, Ellysse, Esanchez7587,
Eugene-elgato, ExCaLiBuR2100, Extraordinary Machine, Faithl17, Firebomb 87, Florian Huber, FollowGuard, Freakyfriday, Funnybunny44, Gareth Griffith-Jones, Garion96, Gdaly7, Gdo01,
Gene Nygaard, General Insanity, George Ho, Geraldo Perez, Gimmetrow, Glenn Willen, Gogo Dodo, Gprince007, Granpuff, GreenBayPackersfan09, Griz44, Guat6, Habj, Haein45,
Happynutcase, Haseo9999, Hayabusa future, Headstrong neiva, Hesperian, Hmrox, Hotjock1, Hu12, Huang lye, Hullaballoo Wolfowitz, Iune, J Di, J.delanoy, JaGa, Jedimasterpi, Jixey, John of
Reading, KJS77, Kane5187, Kbdank71, Keilana, Khazar2, Kollision, Kutlis, Lanes16, Levineps, Lightmouse, Lmvp990766271, Localzuk, Luckyles, MJBurrage, MONGO, Macaddct1984,
Magical Music, Mahjong705, Manfi, Maoruisce, MarnetteD, MasterKit, Mathmannix, McSteamy, MikeR613, Mild Bill Hiccup, Millahnna, Missmusicknowitall, NawlinWiki, NeoBatfreak,
Neptune5000, Nicole401, Nixeagle, Noah Salzman, NotNina, NrDg, ObsessiveJoBroDisorder, PIrish, PJ Pete, PK2, Papacha, Pegship, Penguin4allofus, Peterwill, Phydend, PinkJelly, Polisher of
Cobwebs, Prince Bee, QuasyBoy, QueenSupreme89, Rbkl, Readersmenu, ReginaRing12, RexLoner, Rich Farmbrough, RickK, Rjwilmsi, RobertCMWV1974, Rocketrod1960, Rockfang,
RonBatfreak, Rx4evr, Ryoga Godai, S3000, Saloganehi, Sandy6, Sango123, Santryl, SarekOfVulcan, Sb1990, Sbach96, Sbrools, Schmiteye, ScudLee, SecretAgentMan0079, SelfStudyBuddy,
Ser Amantio di Nicolao, Sergay, Several Times, Shanes, Shella Marie, Shenme, SierraStew908, Skizzik, Slgcat, Slicer900, Smiley325, SoWhy, Soapfan06, Sofffie7, Srbv04, Stephenjamesx,
Suede, SummerPhD, TMC1982, TPIRFanSteve, TRLIJoeyC18, Tasnim16, Tcatron565, TennisJedi89, Tgeairn, The Sanctuary Sparrow, The wub, TheBlueFlamingo, TheMovieBuff, Thuresson,
Tide rolls, Tintenherz12, Tkegal, Tokufan, Tomeu87, TonyTheTiger, Toughpigs, TracyLinkEdnaVelmaPenny, Trebor, TreoBoy680, Ttwaring, UaMarianne, Ute in DC, Victoria.Mendez, Wasell,
Whywhenwhohow, Wilse, Wknight94, Xezbeth, YUL89YYZ, Yamla, Yanra36, Zachkudrna18@yahoo.com, ZakShellabarger, Zanimum, Zuko Halliwell, Zzyzx11, 684 anonymous edits
A Year Without Rain  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=528011202  Contributors: 101cantbetamed101, Abcassionchan, Acalamari, Adam 94, Afavoritaweb, Agusx12,
Ahmedfarhat, Ahmetyal, Aldeeanehh, Amunoz928, Apple48, Arbies92, Arhi4ever, BJ22PIANO, Bennyboy9012, Beverlyhillsx, Bubbleoui, Candyo32, Carlos6033, CharmedFreak123, Che2j,
Circusstar, ClamDip, CloversMallRat, Courcelles, Dabomb87, Dani3l Cifras, Dbunkley6, Ddlovatofan, Djlollyb, Doomsdayer520, Dreais, E E Ehm, Easy12345, Eeekster, Eric F. Silvestre,
Felipefgf, Fghmhg, GD1223, Gabiarakelian, Gersende, Gimmetoo, HJ Mitchell, He's so unusual, Headstrong4ever, I Help When I Can, Ignorance 9, Iknow23, Ixfd64, JNW, Jackgill06,
JaimeAnnaMoore, Jamder, Jarzu, Jay-Sebastos, Jayce0814, Jdjudge, Jeff G., Jennasommers1234, Jerome0012, JoFerg, Jobmyjob, Joeeelleee, John of Reading, Justicetr, Kirtap92, Kito0104,
Koavf, KoeNic09, Kww, Kyrinka, Lachjdk, Lil-unique1, LiveInLove20, Lotus Wolf, Lowzar, Mabadia71, Matboy12, Materialscientist, Maxi thegreat, MelM, Merynancy, MetroPlayer, Mild Bill
Hiccup, Mileyfan19920012, Mohdessam123456, Moodgo, Muhandes, Musical22, Musicalsuperstar, Nathanvd, Natkatmax231, Niceguyedc, Noreplyhaha, NortyNort, Nverhoeven, O.Koslowski,
Orenburg1, PancakeMistake, Papa November, Parrotboy 1230, Pedro João, Pepepe2009, Petgamer, Pink Bull, Popmusickid, QuasyBoy, Qwyrxian, RadioFan, RafaelPPascual, Randolph3,
Rayjman1, RegentsPark, Rhain1999, Ribbon Salminen, Rickayy03, RickyYayo3, Rjwilmsi, RobRob94, RomeAntic14, Roselily6, Ryoga Godai, SKS2K6, Sauloviegas, Scarce2, SchuminWeb,
SelGKT, Selenagomezayearwithoutrain101fan, Selenaismylife555, Sethjohnson95, Sgbigfan, Sgs101, SilkTork, Silvergoat, Skier Dude, SkyeSweetnam4ever, SnapSnap, Ss112,
Starcheerspeaksnewslostwars, Status, Stephenjamesx, Stickee, Supershad3000, SupremoJunior, Tabletop, Tbhotch, TenPoundHammer, The95, TheJJJunk, TylerBarlow, Vitorvicentevalente,
VoluntarySlave, Welsh-girl-Lowri, WhiplashSelly, WikHead, WinterWonderland22, Wisebubi, XTommes2, Xcupcakex20, Yukibla, Zac Perera, Ziansh, 523 anonymous edits
A Year Without Rain (song)  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=526829128  Contributors: 101cantbetamed101, ABC1356msep1, Abcassionchan, Acalamari, Adabow,
Afavoritaweb, Agusx12, Ahmedfarhat, Ahmetyal, Aldeeanehh, AleeDear, Alessandro De Angelis, AnARTIST719, Apple48, Arjayay, AzaToth, Bearcat, BelieVerr, Ben Ben, Berbah,
Beverlyhillsx, C.Fred, Candyo32, CharmedFreak123, Churaru, Compact97, Dbunkley6, Dreais, Escape Orbit, Explicit, Exploremusic, ExtraordinaryAnn, Feelmegoodzx, Fghmhg, GD1223,
GTPMF, Gaius Cornelius, Gavia immer, Gfoley4, GrahamHardy, Hahc21, Hellcatsofficial, I c u trippin, Iamjs13, Identifield Fan, Idkjdonhihhugr2, Iknow23, IllaZilla, JY4ever, JanderVK, Jarzu,
Jedi94, Jerome0012, Jmswalker, Jrs012, Jrs1200, Krispy1995, Kww, LadyGaGasBiggestFan, LaloCh, Lalucho Chavarría, Leszek Jańczuk, Lil-unique1, LilHelpa, Loveableone, Lucazeppelin,
Luigi-ish, Magioladitis, Maxi thegreat, MazurJacek, Merynancy, Nhwwrestling, Noxpack, OAVJunior, OrangeINDIA, PancakeMistake, Pedro João, Pepepe2009, QuasyBoy, Rayjman1,
Richhoncho, Rickayy03, RickyYayo3, Rjwilmsi, Rlendog, Roselily6, Ryoga Godai, Sauloviegas, ScottMHoward, Selenagomezgonzalez, Selenators, Sethjohnson95, SnapSnap, Ss112,
Starcheerspeaksnewslostwars, Stephanie J Stone, Tbhotch, Techn8143, TheHQHDmusic, TheNoOneBoy02, TheNoOneBoy03, Thisiskyle.n, Toshio Yamaguchi, Vanished user
alaij23jrkef8hj4fiu34t34, Welovelovato, Woohookitty, Yukibla, 269 anonymous edits
A Year Without Rain Tour  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=528737440  Contributors: 34MERVE96, Agusx12, BD2412, BsaPR1996, C jr112368, Download, Itsbydesign, J
1982, John of Reading, JonathanD., JustAGal, Kanghuitari, Koavf, MauchoEagle, Mild Bill Hiccup, Morning Sunshine, Nathan92295, Ozkithar Salas, Selenagomezgonzalez, Sherocksandirule,
Sophims, Starcheerspeaksnewslostwars, Status, Vegaswikian, WinterWonderland22, ZacAlexis, 135 anonymous edits
Alex Russo  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=528154057  Contributors: 10metreh, 11snoon, 1tay1011, 2602:306:377D:1CD0:71D9:25DC:BF8D:A32, 3193th, A,
ABC1356msep1, Aang-kai, Aden-McKenziee, Affiqcute, Aitias, Ajay44, Ajfuturewriter, Allstarecho, Andrew c, Ani4e-95, Animoviera14, Argeboyu155, ArglebargleIV, Arjayay, Atd101,
AussieLegend, Avenged Eightfold, Avnjay, Awesome6498, Awesomeness95, BD2412, Bamyers99, Baraa Absy, Bender235, Bento00, Beverlyhillsx, Biscuitgirl, Bluerasberry, Bobnorwal,
Brawlmantis80, Broadway4life155, Bsadowski1, C.Fred, CBrock055, Calliegal, Candace401, Cartoonzaq, Chane 815, Chantessy, Cheetahbrian, Clarify27, Cncxbox, ConcernedVancouverite,
Confession0791, Cory Malik, Cowmoore7481, Creativity97, CrystalClear8642, Cymru.lass, D, Darkdragon1390, Daviegy, DexDor, Diem nguyen, Dimitre13, Djarrah, Dthomsen8, E. Ripley,
Ebaychatter0, Ecliptor12, EditWikiforLulz, Enigmaman, EoGuy, Epbr123, Erew250, Erianna, Favonian, Finister2, Frehley, Gareth Griffith-Jones, GaryColemanFan, Ged UK, Geraldo Perez,
Gertie1999, Girlie99, Girlxgirlx, Hailey C. Shannon, Halmstad, Headstrong neiva, Henryjs24, Hmrox, II MusLiM HyBRiD II, IJVin, Immunize, Imzy, Intothewoods29, Iohannes Animosus, Iuio,
Ixfd64, J Greb, J.delanoy, JDDJS, JabbaWorm, Jacroe, Jairo82798, JamesBWatson, Jeff G., John of Reading, Jordan Shields, Junglefury18, Justinhu88, KADcutie44, Kanghuitari, KelleyCook,
Kellylyn93, L Kensington, L'papillon, La Pianista, Lancini87, Lannybuoy, Laughtattack, Lawl95, Leafiergreen, Lextex77, Lil sofimonster, LilHelpa, Live Light, Lord Opeth, Louieandmaggie,
Luk, Lushhhhhhhh, Maddiekate, Magioladitis, Malpass93, Mandarax, MarcowyGnom, MarnetteD, Materialscientist, Matt Deres, Mechanical digger, Mediran, MiniMary12, Missmalinda,
MithrandirAgain, Mr. College, MultiSaw13, Mystorysforever, Nanami Kamimura, Neorob2, NickW557, NinjaTazzyDevil, Nopmacprime, NrDg, Nymf, Pacohaley, Pagen HD, PancakeMistake,
Penwhale, Philafrenzy, Pinar, Pingeon250025, Portugueserevolution1, Poweralex, Qtaha, QuasyBoy, Qwyrxian, RafikiSykes, Rattaouille2750, Reach Out to the Truth, Reaper Eternal,
Rebafan32, Rebel, Rickthestud, RobertMfromLI, Rodhullandemu, Roguemaster83, Ronhjones, Rsindlin, Rsrikanth05, Ruofan, SandSan, ScaldingHotSoup, Scarian, SelenaGomez1997,
Selenagomezgonzalez, Selgomez fanxxx, Sellybelly, Sesshomaru, Sg2sb2000, Smijes08, Snowolf, Someguy1221, Sophims, Sophus Bie, Spongebobhannah, Staka, Super Bubbles 96,
Superjay2001, SweetCandyLand 14, Tbhotch, TexasAndroid, Thatgiannakid, TheLyingGamePrincess, TheMinigolfMaster111, Theda, Thingg, Tom Morris, Tpgamble, TreoBoy680, Trusilver,
Tsange, Tvtonightokc, Tyw7, Vania405, Vasquez1, Vishnava, VoluntarySlave, Webclient101, Welsh, WhatGuy, Winchelsea, Xkumo, Xp54321, Yoguy11, Yugioh1126, ZSoraz, Zaeriuraschi,
Zzhane, 805 anonymous edits
Another Cinderella Story  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=527029290  Contributors: A3RO, ABF, Abby 94, Acather96, Ace of Spades, Ageton, Agusx12, Alansohn, Altarep,
Amaury, Amtwinkles, Anythingspossibleforapossible, Arnell2010, Aspects, Baby Don't Dance, Babyjazspanail, Bart133, Bensin, Bill william compton, Billy4kate, Blahbalhcookies,
Blahblahblahcookies, BloodDoll, BlueSquadronRaven, Bobo192, Brittflick 1994, Bsadowski1, Bucephalus, C.Fred, Cal Jac02, Calle, Calliegal, Carrie2002, Chamal N, Charless, CharmaineLim,
Classicjazzbari, Cliffordlw, Cliffordlw1, Coozbi, Craven188, DantODB, Dbunkley6, Dennissell, DerHexer, Diannaa, Dirga Luthfi, Discospinster, Djbj16, Don-Don, Download, Drbreznjev,
DreamStar05, Drmies, Duncan, ESMIMMAS, Easy12345, Eeekster, Eric444, Erik, Excirial, FDJoshua22, FF2010, Fishhook, Flewis, Frehley, Furuba9, Fæ, GLaDOS, Gabrielkat, Gdaly7,
Geekboy6, Gersende, Gfoley4, Gnowxilef, GoPurpleNGold24, Gogo Dodo, Granpuff, Haein45, Hammersoft, Happysailor, Harley doggie 1, Haseo9999, Headstrong neiva, Heisenbergthechemist,
High School Musical909, Holiday56, Iknow23, Iloveyoohxx89, Imnotminkus, Ipodnano05, Iridescent, J Greb, J.delanoy, J36miles, Jaggerpetro, JaimeAnnaMoore, Jake Wartenberg, Jarzu,
Jason.cinema, JavierMC, Jayce0814, Jezreelver, Jim1138, Jobella21, JodyB, Johnny0929, Justinbieberonetime, Jwein, Kathy0000, Khunglongcon, Kikkokalabud, Kimijonas, Kww, Kylexy93,
LAUGH90, La Pianista, LeaveSleaves, Legoman64, Life=Randomness, Lilmizangel, Limetolime, Lolalol1234567899, Longhair, Loveandberry411, Luisj07, Luna Santin, Lyveluvlyfe, Magical
Music, Malcolmxl5, Maldek2, Maludancer4, MarnetteD, Materialscientist, Mbmbmb123456789, Mzbartlett, Nagy, Nathan, Nathanial1987, Nathanvd, Ndenison, NeoBatfreak, Neurolysis,
Nickmd, NorthernThunder, NuclearWarfare, Oddharmonic, Oky103, OlEnglish, PC78, Papalycon, Pau4me, Philip Trueman, Piano non troppo, Pinethicket, Pinkadelica, Plastikspork, Poct,
Pokerdance, Polisher of Cobwebs, Pop princess 1, QuasyBoy, Rafikirby, Raghav sharma96, Randolph3, ReginaRing12, Reiner rubin, Rich Farmbrough, Rickayy03, RickyYayo3, Rrburke, S h i v
a (Visnu), Secvan henshall, Setsuna29, ShadowRanger, Shadzane, ShazzaBabyxo, Silvergoat, Soccerdud, Southsloper, Spellcast, Sprite7868, Steam5, Stephanie J Stone, Streamerlovesmusic,
Sugar1996, SummerPhD, Supertalies, TDC99, TPIRFanSteve, Tabletop, Tgeairn, The Devil's Advocate, The Thing That Should Not Be, TheMovieBuff, Thingg, TigressofIndia, TonyTheTiger,
TracyLinkEdnaVelmaPenny, Treasure12347890, TreoBoy680, Triwbe, Typhoon966, Underworldon345, Versus22, Weeliljimmy, Whywhenwhohow, WikiPikiUser, Woohookitty, Xtinadbest,
ZooFari, Δ, रोहित रावत, 794 anonymous edits
Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=528214355  Contributors: Antonyhickling, Arjayay, Aspects, Baglady123, Bovineboy2008,
DoriSmith, Foofbun, Khazar, MikeAllen, Movingimage, Mro, Northamerica1000, Phantom878, R'n'B, Skywatcher68, TheMovieBuff, Turtleheart, VernoWhitney, Wikipedian Penguin, 79
Article Sources and Contributors
126
anonymous edits
Beezus Quimby  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=512420170  Contributors: AlbertGray, All Hallow's Wraith, Amchow78, Bearcat, CommonsDelinker, Confession0791,
David Gerard, Deerlover567, Demihannahselenamiley1234, Dogman15, Fortdj33, Gertie1999, Gyrofrog, Hugo999, IJVin, Iowamutt, Levk1, LucyNarnia101, Malcolma, Milerz91, Miss Dark,
Peregrine Fisher, PreciousStar26, RHaworth, Rich Farmbrough, Sassbucket, Seraphimblade, ShelfSkewed, Skulligan, Spinningbeachballofdeath, TheMovieBuff, Tlqk56, Treybien, Wikipelli, 58
anonymous edits
Behaving Badly (film)  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=528070889  Contributors: Lady Lotus
Belfast  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=528690140  Contributors: 100spider, 123haha, 3leeet12, 4theChildren, AJR, Abstraktn, Acalamari, Activbelfast, Afhaalchinees,
Afterlife10, Ahoerstemeier, Aircorn, Alan Liefting, Alanpotter, Alex.muller, AlexiusHoratius, AlioTheFool, Alison, Allens, Altaïr, Amazonien, Ancatmara, Andonic, Andy.gibb, AndyMc123,
Andygray110, Angrybeerman, Anonc, Antandrus, Antrim supporter, ApostolicChurchIreland, Aquila15, Arcticgorilla, Ardfern, Arflipr, Aridd, Art10, Arthena, Asarlaí, Asbar, Astrotrain, Atari
667, Athenaeum, Atlasvan, Avala, BD2412, BRG, Badseed, Baldeagle09, Balmoral Unionist, Bangor Championship Wrestling, Barek, Barryob, Bart Versieck, Bastin, Battoe19, Bazonka,
Beagel, Bearcat, Beetstra, Beginning, Belfaster2010, Belfastlady, Belmonter, Ben Bulben, Benmcq, Bernfarr, Beulah mc geachie, Beyondskin, Bggoldie, Bgtgwazi, Big Jock Knew, BigMattyO,
Biggiewiggler, Biglobiglo, Bigpad, Bill238, Bistro-sidecar, Bjmullan, Blowdart, Blue Magenta, Bluemask, BoLingua, Bobblewik, Bobo192, Boccaallupo, Bogey97, Bogle, Bongwarrior,
Boothy443, Brandon, Brazenhussy, Brenont, Brianann MacAmhlaidh, Bridies, Brion VIBBER, BritishWatcher, Browalfrid, BrownHairedGirl, CRKingston, Caitriona2t10yeha, Calvin 1998,
CambridgeBayWeather, Can't sleep, clown will eat me, Candymk2, Canterbury Tail, Caomhin, Capricorn42, Carbonblonde, Cardiffgal, Caulde, Cbowsie, Cenarium, Ceoil, Cfailde,
Chanheigeorge, Chase me ladies, I'm the Cavalry, Chaser, Chatterbox2000, Cherryvalleyvillage boy, Chewdesign, Chirag, Chris j wood, Chris the speller, Christopedia, Christopher Kraus,
Chromenano, Chuggiewuggie, Cittymad, Cjthellama, Cka4004, Ckatz, ClickRick, Cloigeann, Closedmouth, CloudNine, Cmacp, CmdrX3, Cmdrjameson, Cnyborg, Colin Watson, ColmanHuge,
Commander, CommonsDelinker, Condem, Conor2k10, Conordevlin, Conscious, Conversion script, Cordless Larry, Craft24, Crooksie123, Cruinniu, Cruthinforlife, Cubs Fan, Cwasson, Cygnis
insignis, Czarkoff, D.de.loinsigh, D6, DH85868993, Daftpunkfan4lyf, Dajagr, Darklilac, Dave.Dunford, Davidwiltonone, Dawnseeker2000, Dbfirs, Dekisugi, Delusion23, Demiurge, Deor,
DerHexer, Derek.cashman, Dermo69, Dethme0w, Dispenser, Djegan, Dogbreathmagee, Dolovis, Dom0803, Donegal92, Doopa, Dornálaíocht, Dpaajones, Drappel, Drunken Pirate, Dubud,
Duckstabber, Dudette121, Dwarf Kirlston, Dysepsion, E0steven, E2eamon, EJF, EamonnPKeane, Eamonnca1, Earle97, Editstan, ElkeK, Enchanter, Energizer07, Eog1916, Eoghan, Eopsid,
Epbr123, Epeefleche, Eranb, Eroica, Escapeact, Escobar600ie, Eurokiwi, Euryalus, Evertype, Everyking, EvilStormSam, Exee, FQuist, Factocop, Factoid Killer, Falcon8765, Fasach Nua,
Fastestdogever, Fattonyni, Favonian, Feline1, Fergus mac Róich, Ferylthebrave, Filastin, FionaTWFan, Flappychappy, Flatterworld, Floquenbeam, Flowerpotman, FlyingToaster, Fox2k11,
FrFintonStack, Fraggle81, Fraslet, Freemind, Frelke, Funnyhat, Fuzzy510, Fæ, G-Man, GTheory, Gaius Cornelius, Galati, GavinFavin, GavinGourley, Gavs 04, Geneb1955, GeorgeLouis, Gerard
Doyle, Gerry Lawless OS, Gerry Lynch, Ghaly, Ghent, Glen Phillips, Gnevin, GnevinAWB, Gogo Dodo, Golan heights is not occupied, Golbez, GoodDay, Gordoni, Graemerz83, Graham87,
Greatgavini, Ground Zero, Grunners, Guitar 673, Guliolopez, Guppie, H1523702, HIDECCHI001, Hammersfan, Happywithlife, Hassocks5489, Hchrishicks, Headhitter, Hellomynameisiain,
Heron, Hibernian, Hiddekel, HighKing, Hmains, Hogeyb, Hohenloh, Hughendene, II MusLiM HyBRiD II, Ian3055, Icanseeformilesandmiles, Iceman205, Ify00, IkbenFrank, Ikiroid,
Imaninjapirate, Immediagroup, In Defense of the Artist, Infodoctor101, Iohannes Animosus, Iridescent, Irishmedic, Itsonlymark, J.delanoy, JPD, JW112, JaGa, Jackfork, Jackyd101, James.S,
Jamiemaloneyscoreg, Jay-Sebastos, JayC, Jayjg, Jdorney, Jeanne boleyn, Jedimike, Jenifrench, Jhamez84, JimmyGuano, Jimp, John, John K, John.mcglone, Johnireland, Johnny Bap, Jon C.,
JonHarder, Joseph Solis in Australia, Joshii, Jpatokal, Jrobin08, Jsmithcloser, Jtdirl, Jusdafax, Jvlm.123, Jza84, K1Bond007, KGasso, Kaiba, Kaldari, Karyasuman, Kbdank71, Kbthompson,
Keith Edkins, Keithgreer, Keresaspa, Kerryman, Ketiltrout, Keys767, Khukri, Kimchi.sg, Kirrages, Klemen Kocjancic, Kmgm23, Knowledgeum, Kobalt08, Konign6, Koplimek, Kozuch,
Ksenon, Kubigula, Kurando, Kusunose, Kwekubo, LFC Lad, LIU, La goutte de pluie, Lalamii, Lapsed Pacifist, Latka, Laurel Bush, Laurel Lodged, Leafyplant, Lecochonbleu,
Lenaghanmccarthy, Lensoni, Leuko, LevenBoy, Lexein, Lightmouse, LilHelpa, Lincolnite, Ling.Nut, Lo2u, Lochaber, Locherton, Lofty, Loughrey13, Lozleader, Lradrama, LtNOWIS, Lugnad,
Luk, LukeM212, Lupin, M9642692, MBRZ48, MER-C, MJCdetroit, MRSC, Mabuska, MacTire02, Mackersdcfc, Maclean25, Macphisto, Maddendpk, Malcolmxl5, Malhonen, Man vyi,
MapsMan, Marcika, Marek69, Marionowak, Marishka, Mark83, Mark91, MarkUTR, Martarius, Martianlostinspace, MartinRobinson, Mary403, Matthewf11, Mattis, Mattley, Max Naylor, Maya,
Mayumashu, McArt, McDonald1985, McGeddon, Mccannmr, Mccombt, Mcmanus1992, MechBrowman, Mentifisto, Mercia McMahon, Merlin the Wizard, Michael Greiner, Michael Heseltin,
Michaelorawe, MichiganCharms, Miesianiacal, Mike Rosoft, Million Little Gods, Millionairemick, Milzo1986, Mkooiman, Mmccann, Mo ainm, Molloymolloy, Moncrief, Monkeymanman,
Moondoll, MoondyneAWB, Mooretwin, MorganaFiolett, Moriori, Morwen, Mosa123ic, Mosmi, Mouchoir le Souris, Mowsbury, Mr pand, MrArt, Mrchris, Mtaylor848, MusicInTheHouse,
Myanw, N5iln, NE2, Nakedterry, Narcassa, NawlinWiki, Nearside, Neilbeach, Neutrality, Nick Michael, Nilzy, Ninja01, NoSpamTodayThanks, Nonewelement, NorthernCounties,
NotMuchToSay, Notjim, Nurg, O Fenian, Ohconfucius, Ohnoitsjamie, Ojigiri, One Night In Hackney, Onebravemonkey, Orphan Wiki, Osborne, Oxymoron83, Paddyman1989, Padraig, Panser
Born, PatGallacher, Paulvictorcurrie, Pauric, Pax:Vobiscum, Pcpcpc, Pebbles1979, Peter Clarke, Peter Karlsen, Peter cohen, Peterram430, Philip Trueman, Phind, Picapica, Picus viridis, Pigman,
Pinethicket, Pit, Plasticup, Polemyers, Polly, Portillo, Possum, Princess Pea Face, Proxima Centauri, Puechredon, Puffyshirt, Pyrospirit, Qed2u, Quantpole, Quiensabe, Quinsareth, QuoVadisLive,
Quotes22, Qwertyflop, R'n'B, RFBailey, RandomP, RapidAssistant, Rathgarrr, RaviC, Rctycoplay, Reaper Eternal, Recipe For Hate, Red King, Red Winged Duck, RedWolf, Rednotdead,
Regan123, Renata, RexNL, Rich Farmbrough, Richard Harvey, Richardguk, Rick deckard, Ricksy, Ricky Oliver, Ricky540, Rjwilmsi, Rkoala, Rmky87, Roadnote, Roastytoast, Robertsteadman,
Rocketpocket, Rodain, Rodhullandemu, Roger Magill, Ronanjd, Ronline, Rory096, RossPatterson, Rrburke, S3000, SPARTAN-J024, Saffi2k7, Saga City, Sagredo, Salamurai, Salvadors,
Sammonica, Sammy1962, Sammybrowne123, Samuel Blanning, Samwise7, SandyGeorgia, Sanfranman59, Sarah777, SarekOfVulcan, Scanos, Sciencewatcher, Scolaire, Scotire, Scotthatton,
Scottnorthants, Seabhcan, Seamuswhite, Senator Palpatine, Setanta747, Setanta747 (locked), Sfan00 IMG, Shadowjams, Sheehan07, Shinner, Shiv888, Shriram, Signalhead, SimonP, Simonll,
Simple Bob, Sineaddoyle, SitNGo, Skysmith, SlimVirgin, Smalljim, Smjg, SnapSnap, Snappy, Snarfa, Snowded, SoSaysChappy, Solarra, Solipsist, Soutar, Speedboy Salesman, SpookyMulder,
Squiresdog, Ssbbplayer, StandUpForTheUlstermen, Steinsky, Stemonitis, Stephane.dohet, Stephen 1988, Stephen95, Stephenwanjau, Stevvvv4444, Stormie, Stpaul, Suede67, Sun Creator,
Superbest322, Supine, Svick, Swaq, Swedish fusilier, TAnthony, TFOWR, THEN WHO WAS PHONE?, Tameamseo, Taoiseach, Tarquin, Tartimarty, Tbhotch, Ted Wilkes, Teknolyze, Tempac,
Template namespace initialisation script, Teppese, Termoneeny, Terrillja, Tgeairn, ThaddeusB, Thardas, The Anome, The JPS, The Man in Question, The Rambling Man, The Thing That Should
Not Be, TheCatalyst31, TheOldJacobite, Thecheesykid, Thegunner898989, Themfromspace, Thesugarbear, Thewayforward, Tible, Tide rolls, Tim!, Tim50000, Timbouctou, Timrollpickering,
Timtrent, Tiocfaidh Ár Lá, Tireoghain2, Tobby72, Tolmaion, Tomdobb, Toniher, Tony1, Tonym88, Tonyrex, Topbanana, Tpbradbury, Traditional unionist, Tremilux, Trevorta, Tsange, Tsumo9,
TuckFawzz, TucsonDavid, Twiceuponatime, UAKasper, UberCryxic, Ugly, Ulidia, Ulster15rugby, Ultimus, United4life96, Valenciano, VampWillow, Vanka5, Vegaswikian, Velella, Versus22,
Vicki Rosenzweig, Volsus, Vovan7349, Vtguy4242, WHeimbigner, WODUP, WPArgentarius, Wacanga, Warofdreams, Wavehunter, Weekinger, Welshleprechaun, Wenteng, Whereabouts987,
WhisperToMe, Whiteabbey, Whoever99, Wik, Wiki alf, WikiDon, Wikianon, Wikieditor06, Wikinorthernireland, WikiuserNI, WildlifeAnalysis, Windchaser, Woodwindfanatic, Woodysj82,
Woohookitty, Worm That Turned, Ww2censor, X942, Xavierized, Xosé, Xxxeditxxx, Yeast Power, Yman88, Ymtuk, You Can Act Like A Man, YourPTR!, Yyy, Zampafan, Zigger, Zntrip, Zoe,
Zoney, Zzuuzz, 石 , 1444 anonymous edits
Borden Milk Products  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=494275657  Contributors: Ajkarim, Alan Liefting, Allens, Bryan Derksen, Ckduract, Cleanelephant,
CommonsDelinker, Damacatt, DavidLevinson, DrJimothyCatface, Dzubint, Editor10101z, Edward, Fat pig73, Greenshed, Hedgey42, Hmains, JJay, Jcarriere, Kuru, Localzuk, Mabdul,
MarnetteD, Neko-chan, NovelPost, Nycrotak, Radagast83, Senator2029, Shortride, Soulbust, Tenebrae, Tim1965, Xnatedawgx, 16 anonymous edits
Burnin' Up  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=524604699  Contributors: 2D, 4twenty42o, AEMoreira042281, AUG, Abcmeg123x3, Afavoritaweb, All-american-soda, Amer10,
Andyandsamy, Anshuk, ArCgon, ArglebargleIV, Arjoccolenty, Artcutie93, Ashishvats23, Aspects, AtheWeatherman, Baby Don't Dance, Bensin, Biggaa, Binary TSO, Blanchardb,
BlastMaster209, Bmitchelf, Bobo192, Bobtastic13, Bovineboy2008, BsaPR1996, Btg0907, Btup627, COMPFUNK2, Calliegal, Camo111, CanadianLinuxUser, Capricorn42, Chamal N, Chris
wong999, Codenameriley, ConCompS, Conidancerdude, Cst17, Cue the Strings, Cyfal, DAJS, DCEdwards1966, DCFan101, Danielle122, Dennissell, Dicklover4lyfe, Diego145,
DignityWithLove, Dirtyterdy, Discospinster, DoubleBlue, DreamStar05, Easy4me, Efe, Ericorbit, Everyking, Extransit, Felipe1219859, FelixtheCatHM, Flewis, Frankenpuppy, Freakmighty,
Frehley, Gamaliel, Gnowxilef, Gogo Dodo, Gokus Girl, Goodnightmush, Headstrong neiva, Hell6awaits6you, Hellgaroo, High School Musical909, Holiday56, Hometown Kid, Hydrogen Iodide,
Hzh, Ilovejonasbrothersmore, ImperatorExercitus, Iridescent, Itsbecca512, J-love-lee, J.delanoy, J7y, JForget, JaGa, JamieS93, January, Jarajet89, Jclemens, Jedi94, Jeffrey Mall, JhanCRUSH,
Jimmy tisdale, JoFerg, John of Reading, Jomi4Life, Jonas101, Jrugordon, Juanacho, Jube93, Jumbajonas, JustAGal, Kamoisia, Karin127, Katalaveno, Kaylerrobert, KeNiJoe, Kiepleloi,
Kikkokalabud, King of Hearts, King007ofrock, Koavf, Ksy92003, Kuriboi2k6, Kww, Landon1980, Lewis7a, Luigi-ish, Luisrios94, MBisanz, Marek69, Martin4647, McSly, Mcbird13,
Mfowler11, Mkjgd, MuZemike, Musicupdated, Myweeneeisharderthanyours, NawlinWiki, Nevermore27, Nguyên Lê, Nopmacprime, NrDg, NuclearWarfare, Onopearls, Pedrito930, Pharaoh of
the Wizards, PhilKnight, Poco a poco, Pokerdance, Polyamorph, PsychoSchuyler, QuadrivialMind, RaptorJesus2, Real-Me23, Realist2, Rebornaudioslave, Res2216firestar, Richhoncho,
Rmsome, Rockin56, Rror, SJP, SKS2K6, SaraLovesJonas, SaturdayNightMorons, SchfiftyThree, Seansong1, Sharkdude95, Sheilab0002, Snaxbowl, Snigbrook, Soulyaboy, Ss112,
Stephanierpicha, Stifle, Strongy820, TFunk, Tabletop, Takeover22, Tanthalas39, Tbhotch, Tedhole, Terneris, That1indnkid, The Arbiter, TheSimpsonsRocks, Thingg, Thoseguiltyeyes, Triping,
UOFan44, Vininn, WAVY 10 Fan, Wiki13, WikiCheckee, Wikiboy2011, Wild Matt12, William Avery, Wilson888, Winchelsea, Wolfer68, Woohookitty, XThe Dark Thunderx,
XXpaulineCzkaXx, Xanchester, Xtinadbest, Yanra36, Youyoho, Yuoiuysdh, Zntrip, 593 anonymous edits
Cruella de Vil (song)  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=512675195  Contributors: Ary29, Badger151, Candyo32, CityOfSilver, DJHerbie53, Dbunkley6, FluffyWhiteCat,
Gfoley4, Gnowxilef, HeySoulSister, Ipodnano05, Johnny0929, Jomidi, Kubigula, Kww, Lord Opeth, Mclay1, Plastikspork, Pokerdance, Rafikirby, RickyYayo3, Sammyday, ShelfSkewed,
Silvergoat, SummerPhD, The Thing That Should Not Be, TheNoOneBoy03, 26 anonymous edits
Demi Lovato  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=528838956  Contributors: 123315, 1234r00t, 12bigbrother12, 13 RockStar, 2010srock, 21655, 3193th, 4everdemilovato, 5
albert square, 68DANNY2, A little insignificant, A3RO, ABC1356msep1, AXRL, Aaroncrick, Abomasnow, Acalamari, Access Denied, Acdx, Acebloo, Acpkidz3, AdiXXX Rihanna 1988,
Adriaan, Afgirl7, Agrady8, Agusx12, Ahk057, Aimbabe, Airguitar78, Airplaneman, Ajaxspray, Akrein9, Al.locke, Alansohn, AlexHale, Alexandra louise08, Alexè Moss, Alic 15, Alicia tran141,
Alicia.Payan, Alisha208, All Hallow's Wraith, Alphius, Altayg Ngazhar, AlySsa Cyrus, Amalik914, Amunoz928, Anakhin, And1987, Andrewlp1991, Andrewsthistle, Andy Munoz, Anen87,
AngelaBallard4474, Antarctica pretzels, Anthony Winward, Antiuser, Aralyn1999, Arathun, Arhi4ever, Arthurw28, Asc85, AscherSE4N, Aspects, Assassinoc714, Athn, Auntof6, AussieLegend,
AutoGeek, Automaticriot, Awwyeeah, BHillbillies, BRAINSnfun, BRUTE, Baby Don't Dance, Babygirl57, BarretB, Bathysphere, Bchs23, Beano, Beardo, Bebebabiix0, Beeeeeeeeew,
Article Sources and Contributors
127
Beemer69, Beeto101, Believe1004, Bender235, Benlevett, Bento00, Beverlyhillsx, Bff101, BigNate37, Bigaireatscheese, Bigdottawa, Biggins93, Bigtimerushcgarmed, Bilby, Biloford, Binary
TSO, Birdswithfangs, Bjj07, Blades95, Blanchardb, Blessedarethesick6659, Bleubeatle, Blitz Lutte, Blue Marble, Blue520, Blueberry01120, Bluedevil13, Bobo192, Bogey97, Boing! said
Zebedee, Bongwarrior, Bradv, BrandiCyrus, BridgitMendlerFan41, Brittneyroh, BrotherDarksoul, BsaPR1996, Btilm, Bufori, Bull Borgnine, C.Fred, CL, CMBJ, CPGirlAJ, Cacrop, Cadsuane
Melaidhrin, Caen824, Caknuck, Calebaldwinjun9, CalendarWatcher, Calliegal, Calling All Creeps!, CambridgeBayWeather, Cameron, CanadianLinuxUser, Candyman777, Candyo32,
Capricorn42, Captainpinky1, Carlette Quinto, Carlosalvrezforever, Carlosar45, Carly Greene, Celiesia, Cessator, Chadda, Charitwo, Chasewc91, Cheesyperson1995, Cheetahbrian, Chelsfan,
ChipmunkRaccoon, Chocohall, Chokolatchp, Choppedburgers, Chris the speller, Chris6000, ChrisfromHouston, ChrissehJohnson, Chrissymajor, Christian75, Christianegl, Circusstar, Citicat,
Clarince63, Clarindakool, Classic rocker, Closedmouth, Clyde123456789, Cnilep, Cocobeanforever, CodyTCBY, Coffee, CollisionCourse, Cometstyles, CommonsDelinker, Confession0791,
Coolgirlnyc123, Coolkid6024, Coolname23, Coral Bay, Corn cheese, Courcelles, Cowsheartheart, Craigime, Crash Underride, Crazy Chick13, Cristi218, Cro0114, Crystal Clear x3,
Crystal101101, CrystalicIsMe, Cssiitcic, DAJS, DC Fan 5, DCFan101, DJHerbie53, DMacks, DXKIDS, Da Taco King, Dadahcm, Dammitremyy, Dan777, Dani4babil, Danielismagic,
Danny121387, DantODB, Darkman882005, Darkshadow1990, Dasani, Daverocks, David101jam, Dbfirs, Dbunkley6, Dcamp314, Ddlovato99, Demi1993, Demi818, DemiLovato15,
DemiLovatoHugeFan, DemiRox, Demilovato fan89, Demilovatoroxs, DerHexer, Derek R Bullamore, Destinydreamer, Detroitpiston, Deunick, Dgw, Dhialokaaaa, DianaVickersFan, Diannaa,
Diem nguyen, DignityWithLove, Dirga Luthfi, DirtyFrank68, Discospinster, Dismas, Disney09, DisneyLover41, Disneylove101, Divya2011, Diwas, Djb31800, Djerick35, Dknight192,
Dmurpf2997, Do you really care, DocSigma, Don-Don, Don-dk, Dorella, Dragonslayerboy, DramaQueen9118162, DreadfullyDespised, Dreadstar, DreamStar05, Drm310, Drumsruledaworld,
Dubmill, Duncan, Durneydiaz, DutchDevil, Dylanraymusic, E&eauthor, EMeRxOn, Easy12345, Ebyabe, Ecliptor, Ecmce, Ed Poor, Edderso, Eeyore7739, ElectricMOOfrankfurter, Elfrida C,
Elie555121, Elizium23, Ellefant01, EmmaBerry, Emmalin Jane Holden, Emo777, Empezardesdecero1718, Emurphy42, Enter Movie, Epbr123, Epic2211, Eric-Wester, Ericorbit, Ericryanpeltier,
Erpy83, Evangelista, Eve27 2009, Everlife 13, Everyking, Explicit, Expomarker11, Ezia, Facebook0803, Faigl.ladislav, Falcor84, Fan4me, Fantastische, Fat&Happy, Fei818, Ff22,
Fgsdfdcdcsaxc, Fighting for Justice, Fil35mmaker, Filipão, Finallyunderstood, FisherQueen, Fixer23, Fluffernutter, Flyguy649, Forever awesome, FortyFootEcho, Fourviz, Foxcloud,
Foxhound66, Franzfergidon, Free Bear, Frehley, Fussycar, GB fan, GD1223, GMANGRIFFG, GabrielEdnuelle15, Gargaj, Garretgian, Garynine, Gdaly7, Gdaly93, Geekboy6, Giantfan021, Gikü,
Gil1106, Gimmetoo, Gimmetrow, Girldancer414, GirlsNightOut, Girlybieber, Gnangarra, GoPurpleNGold24, GoingBatty, Gola6, GoldFlower, Gonzonoir, GorgeCustersSabre, Gorgeouz lil
emmy, GossamerBliss, Gossipgirl12, Gracz54, Graham87, Grahamcracker07, Greclahah, GreenBayPackersfan09, Gummigurlz, Guy546, Gwernol, HJ Mitchell, HMJ97, HSM disneyfan,
Hairhorn, Hamtechperson, HangingCurve, HannahMiley, Harley287, Harry-potter-mania, Harvardstudent, Hassaan19, Hayden White, Headstrong neiva, Heavenlypain, Hello, I'm a Wikipedian!,
Helpalot, Hershey lover211, Hersheybars, Hidd3nAngelVzla103, Hidude123, Hilary10537, Hira04, Hmains, Hobartimus, Hollywood-Adey, Hope(N Forever), Hotjock1, Howard the Duck,
Howdychicken, Hydrogen Iodide, I42, IHeart92, II MusLiM HyBRiD II, Icealien33, Igetitcrackinlikebagbag, Igninton, Ihateher4sure, Ihrtwiki, Ijnisthepassword, IloveSelenaM.Gomez,
Ilovejoejonas1234, Imcrazyarmpit, Imogan101, Imorthodox23, Informationadvocate, Inhumer, Inka 888, Insanity Incarnate, Intelati, IntoCreativeJan, Ipod80gb, Ipodnano05, Iridescent, Irrypride,
J-love-lee, J.delanoy, JB82, JForget, JMalto023, JaGa, Jack Merridew, Jackgill06, Jackie d. alarcón, Jackorhia, Jackson 08, Jacksonori47, Jamesbondfan, Jarjarbinks10, Jasonbres, JayC,
Jayce0814, Jayythehuman, Jazzmanmda, Jeanenawhitney, Jef-Infojef, Jeffrey Mall, Jeffykan, JesseRafe, Jhart9211, Jim1138, Jj137, Jj2k8, Jj2k9, Jmagicvamp, Jmillerwriter, Jmlk17, Jmusc85,
JoFerg, Joe59108, JoeJonasLuver1, JoeJonasMileyCyrus, Johannamo, John Vandenberg, John of Reading, JohnCD, Johnny0929, Johnpacklambert, Jolicnikola, Jonasmiley19, Jones-neiva,
Jonhmayer-fã, Jonnyt 123, Jordan Chuck, Josemidd, Joseph Ferri, Jovitoaa2005, Jparkll, Jpfagerback, Jpoelma13, Jrobin08, Juanacho, Julianster, Juliemfreeman1, Julius Sahara, Justcallmekim,
Justme89, KPrinsPaul, Kaityface, Kanonkas, Kavit123, Kelly maddie, KeltieMartinFan, Kenajay, Keraunoscopia, Kevin, Kevin2008000, Kh3006, Kielz85, Kiki360, Kikkokalabud, Killiondude,
Kimberly camba, Kimijonas, Kimiko20, King of Hearts, King1559, Kirby13, Kjdgklabfgiauer, Kkim photo, Koavf, Kourtnye, Kpeterson15, Krylonblue83, Kucing5, Kukini, Kungfu2187, Kuru,
Kww, Kya-Sofia, KzKrann, L'papillon, LPRebel6, La Pianista, Laloka12, Landon1980, LeaveSleaves, Legomyeggo252, Lena Cops, Lenabear1992, Lewis Robinson, Libby995, Life is like a box
of chocolates, LifesWonderful, Lightlowemon, Lightning41, LilHelpa, Lilypada94, Linear88, Liquidluck, Lisssii babii, Live Light, LiveInLove20, Livelikemusic, Lorengroves,
LostIntheCityLights, Lovatic247, LovaticReinhart, Lovesongs41, Lowrain22, Luna Bars 4 Lyfe, Luna Santin, Lushhhhhhhh, Luvjesus9546, M.B.T.C, M.Sunshine, Macy, Madixoxo, Madman
Marz, Mahanga, MakeLove91, Malevious, Malinaccier, Mandayhere, Mappase, MaquinaDeRD, Maraqua22, Marianna Jonas, Martin H., Martinanguiano, Martine16, Marukh18, Matheus!, Max
leon, Mayur, Mboguski, Meanubeanu, Medogo, MelM, Melanie2408, Melazeee, MelbourneStar, Meliss402, Meno25, Michaelt54, MickWithoutGlasses, Midaba2004, Middlebutton, Mifter,
MikeslyMontague, Mikhailcazi, MilaSveta13, Milerz91, Mileycyrus4, Missmusicknowitall, Mojo15, Moleman22, Molly1603, Monkelese, Monkeys 9711, Monobi, Montgomery '39,
Moomoomoo, Morning Sunshine, Mr. Stradivarius, Mr.Slinks, MrDolomite, Mrbeanandleamichele, Mrschimpf, Mrskevinjonas1023, Mudbath176, Mundart, Murza-Zade, Music fanhere,
MusicBoi94, MusicWTC, Musiclover98765, MyDreamsComeTrue, Mysaviorswords15, Mystori33, NAHID, NYSTEX1992, Nakon, Namsha Agunulu, Nanzilla, Nao1730, Nauticashades,
Necrat, Nehal.pr, Nehrams2020, Nelliebellie, Nerrawllehctim, Netalarm, NiceLittleBoy13, NickBush24, Nicolemariahhh, NigaHigaFan2, Night Fight, Nightscream, NoisyJinx, Noozgroop,
Nothingbutsomething, Nqs2011, NrDg, NurseryRhyme, Nv8200p, Nverhoeven, Nymf, Nyoplaid, OAVJunior, OOODDD, ObsessiveJoBroDisorder, Off2riorob, Ohconfucius, Okiefromokla,
Okki, Oliver202, OneWorld91, Only, Orlandodreaming, Ostarbursto, PC78, PRiNCESSjm, Pacquiao, PancakeMistake, Paramonday, Part of me 2, Pastorsson93, Patches9713, Patzmelody01,
Pedro João, Pedro1997100, Pegusus, Pepper, Perfectinblue, Permacultura, Person684, PeterSymonds, Phaeton23, Philip Trueman, Pikachusoup, Pinas Central, Pinkswimgirl98, Piranesi2007,
Pm83335n, Pmsyyz, Poco a poco, Pokerdance, Postdlf, Pppx4, Prepelos, PrettyLittleLiarsMona, PrincessofLlyr, Procivil, Prodego, Pseudomonas, PsychoSchuyler, Purple.life, Purple123x,
Purplewowies, Pussy301, Quadell, QuasyBoy, QueenOfUrbanPop, Quixoto, Qwertluis, Qwyrxian, RCWM, RJaguar3, RP88, Rafaelhenrique14, Rafatisd, Rahinkumar, Rainbow015, Rambaldion,
Randolph3, Rapido, Rasa48, Rasberryfizz12, Rattyrowe, RebeccaLikesToLearn, Rebekahluv93, Redraider30, ReginaRing12, Reidcalebjames, Remy090, Renaluvsu4ev3r, Renesemee, Revilal90,
Richy08, Rjanag, Rjd0060, Robert1947, Robworley, Robynloud, RockStar50, Rockin56, Roelsu, Ronhjones, Rose64bud, Rosepuff12, Royalbroil, Rrburke, Rror, Rubyyymay, Runefrost,
RyanCross, SNIyer12, Sami121299, Samohad, Sanayp, Sandwichluver, SchfiftyThree, ScottMHoward, Scottydude, Seba5618, SelenaCyrus, SelenaFan1089, SelenaGomezAndDemiLovatoFan,
Selenafan815, Semper malus, Senator Palpatine, Sephiroth BCR, Ser Amantio di Nicolao, Serienfan2010, Sethjohnson95, Setsuna29, Sgs101, Shadicam, Shadowjams, Shamufan21, Sheljd21,
Sheridanjoy, Shinpah1, Shinylightblue, SidCurtis10, SidP, Siennasoprano, Silvergoat, Skeety.hoope, Sky83, Slakr, Sldilo1997, Smalljim, Smartgirl2k1, Smijes08, Smileygirl14, Smithj22,
Snowflakerockz, Sobreira, Soccer girl 546716, Sofffie7, Sohollywood, Solitaryxchild, Solotwilight, Someguy1221, Someguy25, Soophiiaa, Sophie2832, Sophus Bie, Soulyaboy,
Spaghettihead222, SpartanSWAT10, Spears154, SpecMode, Spencemac724, Spencer, Spencerz, SpiceFatale, Spongebobchick, Sprite7868, Sswizzbbeatss, StAnselm, Staka, Starswept, Status,
Steam5, Stephanierpicha, Stevenloud, Sticker.letters, Stifle, Storm145, Straightedgeforlife, Streamerlovesmusic, Stryn, SummerPhD, Superhm23, Supremecouncil, SupremoJunior, Sus 1234,
Svetlana122, Swinquest, Sylux 123, THAOlula, TPIRFanSteve, TWMM91, Tabercil, Talk2me2day, Talkback, Talknshare, Tangerines, Tanthalas39, Tassedethe, TaylorGurl678, Taylorgirlxo,
Tbhotch, Techman224, Technopat, Teddy.Coughlin, Telescope, Teman13, Tempodivalse, Tezero, The Anome, The Man in Question, The Thing That Should Not Be, TheBigNatural,
TheLovelyAmyCDumas, TheOllieTrolley, TheSimpsonsRocks, Theatheistgerm, Theaura, Therealdeepi, Thesadisticcheeseburgerpickle1, Thingg, Thumperward, Tide rolls, Tiffanyevansfan92,
Till, Tiller54, Timrollpickering, Tinkerbell78, Tinton5, TiraSadiyah, Tktktk, Tobster kardashian, Token714, Tomtom0624, Tony1, Toon05, Tori100tcg, Townlake, Tpbradbury, TriiipleThreat,
Trivialist, Troy 07, Tslocum, Tsu'tey te Rongloa Ateyitan, Tubesurfer, Tumteav123, TunaStreet, Tweetsabird, Twilightfan2598, Twilightluvr88, Twispace3000, Twotatman, TylerBarlow,
Tylerdmace, Tyw7, Ulmorales23, UltraRainbows, Uncle Dick, Unreal7, Useight, VJ13A, Vanessahudgens22, Vanished user 920dow9ijdjh3lkd, Vanished user alaij23jrkef8hj4fiu34t34, Varde8,
VasilievVV, Vcr215, Vicenzo08, Vidisha89, Visuallyfw, VoluntarySlave, WadeSimMiser, Wakawakadis, Wambochimambo, Wamke4, Welcometothenewmillenium, Welovelovato,
Welsh-girl-Lowri, WhatGuy, Whatever318, Whisky drinker, WhisperToMe, Whitegrb, WhoSays, WikHead, WikiBob47, WikiPikiUser, Wikien2009, Wikifan502, Wikipedianfan, Wikiwhat 96,
Wildhartlivie, Will Beback Auto, William Avery, Willking1979, Wingdude88, Winston365, Witch5000, Wizette65, Woodshed, Woohookitty, Wreckedd08, Writergirl7, Writergirlrocks,
X.4bezzies.x, XL XR2, XTommes2, XXGoldie12Xx, Xp54321, XuMingYinxx, Xx kidschoice xx, Xxxjuicy101xxx, Yargisborgg, Yargisborgggg, Yctaabpjic, Yoguy11, Yong Ping34, Yukibla,
Zac zac03, Zachsays, Zammit123, Zoom Boy 101, ~Ryan Mckenzie~, ТимофейЛееСуда, 871 anonymous edits
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
128
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
File:Selena Gomez UNICEF 2012.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Selena_Gomez_UNICEF_2012.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.0
 Contributors: Joella Marano from Manhattan, NYC Uploaded by MyCanon
File:Selena Gomez 2.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Selena_Gomez_2.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 1.0 Generic  Contributors: Jennifer
File:Selena Gomez Monte Carlo Paris June 21 2010.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Selena_Gomez_Monte_Carlo_Paris_June_21_2010.JPG  License: Creative
Commons Attribution 3.0  Contributors: Fred Dixon
File:Selena Gomez December 2010.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Selena_Gomez_December_2010.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0  Contributors:
Mikey Hennessy at http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeyh
File:Selena Gomez 2009.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Selena_Gomez_2009.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Toglenn
File:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie, Good
Olfactory, Mifter
File:Flag of the United States.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_United_States.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of France.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_France.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Canada.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Canada.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Barbados.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Barbados.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Denelson83
File:Flag of Brazil.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Brazil.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of South Korea.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_South_Korea.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Various
File:Flag of Germany.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Germany.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Morocco.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Morocco.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Denelson83, Zscout370
File:Flag of England.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_England.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Kseferovic
File:Flag of Croatia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Croatia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Nightstallion, Elephantus, Neoneo13, Denelson83,
Rainman, R-41, Minestrone, Lupo, Zscout370, MaGa (based on Decision of the Parliament)
File:Flag of Slovenia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Slovenia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Achim1999
File:Flag of Serbia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Serbia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: sodipodi.com
File:Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: special commission (of
code): SVG version by cs:-xfi-. Colors according to Appendix No. 3 of czech legal Act 3/1993. cs:Zirland.
File:Flag of Slovakia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Slovakia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: SKopp
File:Flag of Romania.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Romania.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: AdiJapan
File:Flag of Turkey.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Turkey.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: David Benbennick (original author)
File:Flag of Portugal.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Portugal.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (1910; generic
design); Vítor Luís Rodrigues; António Martins-Tuválkin (2004; this specific vector set: see sources)
File:Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Zscout370
File:Flag of Hungary.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Hungary.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:SKopp
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Bean49, David Descamps,
Dbenbenn, Denelson83, Evanc0912, Fry1989, Gabriel trzy, Howcome, IvanOS, Ms2ger, Nightstallion, Oreo Priest, Rocket000, Rodejong, Sir Iain, ThomasPusch, Warddr, Zscout370, 4
anonymous edits
File:Flag of Norway.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Norway.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Dbenbenn
File:Flag of Poland.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Poland.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie, Mifter
File:Flag of Switzerland.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Switzerland.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Marc Mongenet Credits: User:-xfi-
User:Zscout370
File:Flag of Finland.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Finland.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Drawn by User:SKopp
File:Flag of Greece.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Greece.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: (of code) cs:User:-xfi- (talk)
File:Flag of Denmark.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Denmark.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Madden
File:Flag of Italy.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Italy.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Russia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Russia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie, Zscout370
File:Flag of Spain.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Spain.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Ukraine.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Ukraine.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Created by: Jon Harald Søby, colors by Zscout370
File:Flag of Sweden.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Sweden.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Israel.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Israel.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: “The Provisional Council of State Proclamation of the
Flag of the State of Israel” of 25 Tishrei 5709 (28 October 1948) provides the official specification for the design of the Israeli flag. The color of the Magen David and the stripes of the Israeli flag
is not precisely specified by the above legislation. The color depicted in the current version of the image is typical of flags used in Israel today, although individual flags can and do vary. The flag
legislation officially specifies dimensions of 220 cm × 160 cm. However, the sizes of actual flags vary (although the aspect ratio is usually retained).
File:Flag of South Africa.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_South_Africa.svg  License: unknown  Contributors: Adriaan, Anime Addict AA, AnonMoos,
BRUTE, Daemonic Kangaroo, Dnik, Duduziq, Dzordzm, Fry1989, Homo lupus, Jappalang, Juliancolton, Kam Solusar, Klemen Kocjancic, Klymene, Lexxyy, Mahahahaneapneap, Manuelt15,
Moviedefender, NeverDoING, Ninane, Poznaniak, Przemub, SKopp, Sarang, ThePCKid, ThomasPusch, Tvdm, Ultratomio, Vzb83, Zscout370, 35 anonymous edits
File:Flag of Angola.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Angola.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:SKopp
File:Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg  License: unknown
 Contributors: User:Nightstallion
File:Flag of India.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_India.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie, Mifter
File:Flag of Nigeria.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Nigeria.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Jhs
File:Flag of Indonesia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Indonesia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Drawn by User:SKopp, rewritten by
User:Gabbe
File:Flag of Japan.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Japan.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Australia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Australia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie, Mifter
File:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors:
Drawn by User:SKopp, redrawn by User:Denelson83 and User:Zscout370 Recode by cs:User:-xfi- (code), User:Shizhao (colors)
File:Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: 555, Abner1069,
Bestalex, Bigmorr, Denelson83, Ed veg, Gzdavidwong, Herbythyme, Isletakee, Kakoui, Kallerna, Kibinsky, Mattes, Mizunoryu, Neq00, Nickpo, Nightstallion, Odder, Pymouss, R.O.C, Reisio,
Reuvenk, Rkt2312, Rocket000, Runningfridgesrule, Samwingkit, Sasha Krotov, Shizhao, Tabasco, Vzb83, Wrightbus, ZooFari, Zscout370, 75 anonymous edits
File:Flag of Peru.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Peru.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Dbenbenn
File:Flag of Argentina.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Argentina.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Government of Argentina (vector graphics by
Dbenbenn)
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
129
File:Flag of Mexico.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Mexico.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Alex Covarrubias, 9 April 2006 Based on the arms
by Juan Gabino.
File:Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Puerto_Rico.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Madden
File:Flag of Colombia.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Colombia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: SKopp
File:Flag of Uruguay.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Uruguay.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Reisio (original author)
File:Katy Perry - MTV VMA 2011 cropped.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Katy_Perry_-_MTV_VMA_2011_cropped.jpg  License: Creative Commons
Attribution-Sharealike 2.0  Contributors: Katy_Perry_-_MTV_VMA_2011.jpg: Philip Nelson from San Antonio, TX, USA derivative work: Truu (talk)
Image:Kevin Rudolf.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Kevin_Rudolf.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Christina Diaz
Image:FefeDobsonJul2011.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:FefeDobsonJul2011.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.0  Contributors: 5of7
File:Selena Gomez December 2010 3.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Selena_Gomez_December_2010_3.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
 Contributors: Mikey Hennessy at http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeyh
File:Star full.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Star_full.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Conti from the original images by User:RedHotHeat
File:Star half.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Star_half.svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.5  Contributors: User:Conti
File:Star empty.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Star_empty.svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.5  Contributors: Conti, Juiced lemon,
Magasjukur2, Rocket000, Sarang, Tiptoety, 7 anonymous edits
Image:Wikibelfast1.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Wikibelfast1.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Conor2k10
Image: Belfast Coat of Arms (Partial).svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Belfast_Coat_of_Arms_(Partial).svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0
 Contributors: WikiLaurent
file:Northern Ireland location map.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Northern_Ireland_location_map.svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0
 Contributors: NordNordWest, Rathgarrr, Shadowxfox
File:Red pog.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Red_pog.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Belfast Castle, Northern Ireland.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Belfast_Castle,_Northern_Ireland.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.0
 Contributors: Andrew Hurley from Wallasey, England, United Kingdom
File:Belfast from Black Mountain - geograph.org.uk - 1254125.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Belfast_from_Black_Mountain_-_geograph.org.uk_-_1254125.jpg
 License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic  Contributors: Fattonyni
File:Graffiti on Belfast Walls.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Graffiti_on_Belfast_Walls.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors:
User:GTheory
File:997055128 c8fb27b317 b.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:997055128_c8fb27b317_b.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0  Contributors: Macnolete
File:Stormont Parliamentary Building 01.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Stormont_Parliamentary_Building_01.JPG  License: GNU Free Documentation License
 Contributors: en:User:Dom0803
File:Cavehill, Belfast.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Cavehill,_Belfast.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.0  Contributors: Original uploader
was Tsumo9 at en.wikipedia
File:The Lagan - geograph.org.uk - 190622.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:The_Lagan_-_geograph.org.uk_-_190622.jpg  License: Creative Commons
Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic  Contributors: Ardfern
File:Belfast, OpenStreetmap, April 2012.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Belfast,_OpenStreetmap,_April_2012.png  License: Creative Commons
Attribution-Sharealike 2.0  Contributors: OSM Contributors
File:Belfast panorama from queens tower.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Belfast_panorama_from_queens_tower.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License
 Contributors: User:Zoney
File:Trockendock Titanic.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Trockendock_Titanic.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors:
User:Marionowak
File:City Hall And The Belfast Wheel.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:City_Hall_And_The_Belfast_Wheel.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike
3.0  Contributors: Thardas
File:30w8jti-1.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:30w8jti-1.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: [skyscraper news]
File:Belfast Botanic Gardens glasshouse.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Belfast_Botanic_Gardens_glasshouse.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
 Contributors: Robert Young
File:Belfast Skyline.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Belfast_Skyline.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:Davidwiltonone
File:Waterfront Hall, Belfast.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Waterfront_Hall,_Belfast.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.0  Contributors:
donnamarijne / Donna
File:Belfast Shipyard 1907.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Belfast_Shipyard_1907.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Denniss, Foroa
File:Harlandandwolffcranes.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Harlandandwolffcranes.JPG  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors:
User:Mkooiman
File:Belfast houses 1981.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Belfast_houses_1981.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Jeanne boleyn
File:SilentValley.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:SilentValley.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Peter Williamson (user Wpeterwilliamson)
File:George Best Belfast City Airport - geograph.org.uk - 714574.jpg  Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:George_Best_Belfast_City_Airport_-_geograph.org.uk_-_714574.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic
 Contributors: Man vyi
File:Great-Victoria-Street.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Great-Victoria-Street.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic  Contributors:
Wilson Adams
File:The Beatles emerging from the Ritz Cinema, Fisherwick Place, Belfast November 8, 1963.jpg  Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:The_Beatles_emerging_from_the_Ritz_Cinema,_Fisherwick_Place,_Belfast_November_8,_1963.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors:
National Library of Ireland on The Commons
File:BBC Northern Ireland Belfast.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:BBC_Northern_Ireland_Belfast.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Man vyi
File:BestCregaghEstateMural.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:BestCregaghEstateMural.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Biglobiglo, FSII, Fastily,
Haukurth, King of the North East, MBisanz, Postdlf, Rettetast, Scolaire, Sfan00 IMG, Skier Dude, 1 anonymous edits
File:QUB.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:QUB.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Fasach Nua(talk). Original uploader was Fasach Nua at en.wikipedia
File:Demi Lovato 2, (Cropped).jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Demi_Lovato_2,_(Cropped).jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0  Contributors: Keith
Hinkle Uploaded by MyCanon
File:Demi Lovato Signature.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Demi_Lovato_Signature.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:SreeBot
File:Demi Lovato 2 cropped.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Demi_Lovato_2_cropped.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.0  Contributors:
Garry Knight from Bromley, Kent, England
File:DemiLovatoApr09.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:DemiLovatoApr09.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Angela George
at http://www.flickr.com/photos/sharongraphics/
File:DemiLovatoSep10 3.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:DemiLovatoSep10_3.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0  Contributors: Paige's Concerts
File:Demi Lovato crop.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Demi_Lovato_crop.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0  Contributors: Loreal Reid from
Dearborn Heights, USA
File:Mike, Demi, Kevin & Drew.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mike,_Demi,_Kevin_&_Drew.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0  Contributors:
motsy27jonas
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
130
File:Demi Lovato, Cropped 2012.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Demi_Lovato,_Cropped_2012.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.0
 Contributors: Julia Stavale
File:Demi Lovato X-Factor 2012.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Demi_Lovato_X-Factor_2012.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0  Contributors: rocor
Uploaded by MyCanon
File:DemiLovatoCropAug10.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:DemiLovatoCropAug10.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0  Contributors: FlickreviewR,
Savh, Simon.hess, Sreejithk2000, 1 anonymous edits
File:Demi Lovato performing beautiful eyes.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Demi_Lovato_performing_beautiful_eyes.JPG  License: Creative Commons
Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:Shanarae1
License
131
License
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
//creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Contents
Articles
Selena Gomez 2011 MTV Europe Music Awards 2011 MuchMusic Video Awards A Cinderella Story A Year Without Rain A Year Without Rain (song) A Year Without Rain Tour Alex Russo Another Cinderella Story Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds Beezus Quimby Behaving Badly (film) Belfast Borden Milk Products Burnin' Up Cruella de Vil (song) Demi Lovato 1 15 26 31 34 46 52 56 61 67 70 72 74 102 103 105 107

References
Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 124 128

Article Licenses
License 131

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd