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MQ-1C Gray Eagle Overview

19 April 2011

LTC Kevin Messer


PM-Medium Altitude Endurance Unmanned Aircraft Systems

MQ-1C Gray Eagle System Overview


Mission: Provides the Division Commander a responsive, agile, and flexible capability to perform RSTA, Communications Relay, Manned-Unmanned Teaming and Target Attack Capability
Characteristics / Description:
Wing Span Max GTOW Range with Relay/SATCOM Max Airspeed 56 Ft 3 in 3,200 lbs w/growth to 3600 lbs >300/1200 km 150 kts

Altitude
Endurance Weapon Runway (Improved Surface)

>25,000 Ft
Up to 30 hours Up to 4 Hellfire Missiles 4,500 ft max length required

Mission Requirements: Deployed and integrated with the Combat Aviation Brigade (CAB) Immediately responsive RSTA to the Division Commander Two simultaneous payloads (EO/IR, Laser Designator, SAR, Communications Relay) and weapons Always on Medium Communications Relay (SINCGARS, EPLRS) Tactical Common Data Link (TCDL) & SATCOM Communications Heavy Fuel Engine

Company Set of Equipment


12 Multi-Purpose Aircraft (6 w/SATCOM) 6 Ground Control Stations 3 Portable Ground Control Stations 6 Tactical Common Data Link (TCDL) Ground Data Terminals 2 TCDL Portable Ground Data Terminals 3 Ground SATCOM system 6 Automatic Takeoff and Landing Systems Payloads Electro Optic/Infrared (EO/IR) Synthetic Aperture Radar's (SAR) / Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) SIGINT WIN-T Communications Payload (WCP) Ground Support Equipment

Gray Eagle System Characteristics


Transition plan to Ka SATCOM

Datalinks
12 Unmanned Aircraft
SATCOM & TCDL Ku Band SATCOM with migration to Ka Band NLT FY13 Increased LOS datalink range over legacy C-band Increased bandwidth: TCDL 274 mbs / SATCOM 50 mbs

Transition plan to JTRS

Standard Equipment Package


Comms Relay Package-Medium Single Channel Comms Relay Secure Digital Communications

Additional Capabilities
Airframe - 3,600 lb GTOW with 2.0l engine - Designed for take-off and landing distance of 4,500 feet Near all weather capability - Lightening Detection capability - Wing De-icing capability allows flight through light icing conditions - 20 knot crosswind landing capability Redundant Avionics - Redundant flight controls - Triple-Redundant flight processors - Redundant I/O & Power Bus Dual Automatic Take-off & Landing (ATLS) - Differential GPS - Back-up TALS (same as Shadow UAS system) Multiple hard points for weapons and external stores - (4 x on wings, 1 x center lower fuselage) Multiple Payload Bays - (2 x Forward Bays, 1 x Aft Bay)

6 Control Stations 6 TCDL GDT


30 SATCOM TCDL Antennas SINCGARS (x2)

3 PGDT
Transition plan for

ARC-231

APX-118 IFF

3 WIN-T & SIGINT PGCS Payloads

Transition plan to JAGM

3 SATCOM GDT

EO/IR/LD HD/TLA SIGINT

SAR/GMTI WIN-T/JTRS

HELLFIRE Missiles
Up to 4 Hellfire Missiles Current: AGM-114P-4A and AGM-114N-4 Future: Transition to AGM-114R & JAGM

Heavy Fuel Engine


Diesel JP-8 Reduced logistics due to common fuel 2.0 l Engine Provides: - Increased climb rates - Faster dash speeds - Increased fuel efficiency due

6 B/U TALS

The System is much more than just an Aircraft

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Gray Eagle Program Timeline


Rapid Acquisition & Deployment supporting the Warfighter sooner
Full Rate Production
Capabilities:
Deployed/Integrated with the Combat Aviation Brigade (CAB) Immediately responsive to the Division Commander Two simultaneous payloads (EO/IR, Laser Designator, SAR, Communications Relay) and Weapons Always on Medium Communications Relay (SINCGARS, EPLRS) Tactical Common Data Link (TCDL) & SATCOM Communications Heavy Fuel Engine (JP-8 Common Fuel) Manned/Unmanned Teaming

2QFY12 1QFY12

IOT&E First Unit Equipped LRIP II DAB QRC 2 Deployment Limited User Test
May 10
Feb 10 Aug 09 Apr 09

3QFY11 Mar 11

Sep 10

Milestone C (LRIP I)
QRC 1 Deployment

Operational Assessment #1 CPD Approval DAE Review ACAT ID Designation

24 Mar 09 Jan 09 May 08

Aircraft #1 First Flight


QRC Directed Reqt. Capital A/C First Flight CDR/DRR Contract Award JROC Approved ORD System Capabilities Fly-Off
Legend: Completed Event

Mar 08 Feb 08

First DoD Competitive Acquisition for this type of UAS

Jun 07 Oct/Dec 06
Prototype equipment in real conditions Validation of key aspects of Phase I proposals Rigorous examination of the options Assured fair and thoroughly grounded selection Benchmark for Army and DoD UAS procurement

Aug 05 Apr 05 Mar 05


Future Event

MQ-1C Gray Eagle Schedule


Task FY10
MS C/LRIP I

Now FY11
LRIP II IPR

FY12
FRP/DAB IOC

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

FY17

J A S ON D J F M AM J J A SON D J F M AM J J A S ON D J F MA M J J A S ON D J F MA M J J A SO N D J F M A M J J A SO N D J F M AM J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A SO N D J F M AM J J A S

Program Milestones Contracting

LRIP I

LRIP II

FRP

EDT

Developmental Test
Env

PPT 1

Interoperability PPT 2 Demo PPT 3 (STARlite) OTRR 3 IOTE AB3 IOTE FOTE I FOTE II

E3/RCS/IR Trans/Mob OTRR 1 OTRR 2 LUT (SW 4.0.7)

Operational Test Fielding Plan


Aircraft Procured w/Attrition
QRC1

Log Demo/ISE

QRC2 UASTB

FUE

2UE

3UE

4UE

5UE

6UE 7UE

8UE

9-11UE

12-14 UE

15-17 UE

19

26

29

36

28

14

152 Total A/C

Note: Units 1-7 (12 A/C) & Units 8-17 (4 A/C

Milestones & Testing

Apr 05 Feb 10 May 10 Sep 10 Mar 11 1QFY12 2QFY12 3QFY12 3QFY13

MS B MS C (LRIP I 2 systems, FPIF Contract) Limited User Test QRC 2 Deployment LRIP II IPR/DAB (29 aircraft & support equip) IOT&E FRP DAB (36 aircraft & support equip) FOT&E I FOT&E II

Deployed Variants
QRC2 QRC1

Block 1 PoR Block 1 (QRC 1&2)10,500+ Flt Hrs Block 0 24,000+ Flt Hrs
10 Total Aircraft 2 x OIF-AEB 2 x OIF-SOCOM C-Band LOS SATCOM (Ku-Band) BLOS Manually flown EO/IR/LD (MTS-A) Heavy Fuel Engine (HFE) Government Owned Contractor Operated (GOCO) Meets KPP 2 & 5 (Multi-Payload & Propulsion) 2 x ELMO 4 x Production 4 Aircraft per QRC TCDL & C-Band LOS 12 Aircraft per Company TCDL Ku-Band LOS SATCOM (Ku-Band) BLOS ATLS (Differential GPS & TALS) EO/IR/LD (CSP) SAR/GMTI (STARlite) Integrated BFT and AMPS Soldier Operated Soldier/FSR Maintained 4 x Hellfire Meets all KPPs & KSAs (Net Ready, Multi- 6 Payload, Sensor Capability, Sustainment, Propulsion, Weapons, Survivability) 6

SATCOM (Ku-Band) BLOS


Automatic Takeoff and Landing (ATLS) EO/IR/LD (DAS-2) SAR/GMTI (Lynx II) Soldier Operated CLS Maintained 4 x Hellfire Meets KPPS 2, 5, & 6 (Multi-Payload, Propulsion, & Weapons Capable)

On-Going Activities
Program of Record
Recent LRIP II DAB for 2 Warfighting Systems Developmental Testing

QRC 1 & 2
OIF Deployment (Aug 09)

Software Development Ground & Flight Test (El Mirage, CA) Production Prove-Out Test 2 (May-Aug 11) Interoperability Demo (Sep 11)

1st CAV/1st ID
ARSOF

OEF Deployment (Sep 10)

Operational Testing
Customer Test (Apr 09)

LUT (May 10) IOTE (1QFY12) FOTE I (3QFY12) FOTE II (3QFY13)

Our conventional modernization programs seek a 99% solution in years the wars we are in require 75% solutions in months Hon Robert Gates,
Secretary of Defense, 6 Oct 08

UAS Training Battalion (Ft Huachuca)


Schoolhouse Stood-Up (Aug 09)
2,000+ flight hours

Dugway Proving Ground

FUE Soldiers trained 2UE Soldier training underway

Planning underway for facilities and test activities


Level Testing May 11 Developing plan for Acceptance Test Procedures and DD250 Future Payload & Interoperability Testing
System
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Rapid Acquisition & Deployment supporting the Warfighter sooner

One System Ground Control Station (OSGCS)

FMTV (5 ton) vehicle - Advantages


Stable configuration for mobility Will support armored cab within weight/CG margin Curbside door increases access/work surface Utilizes standard cargo bed configuration Increases weight growth margin

3rd Crew Station - Advantages


Identical AVO/MPO functionality on each workstation Provides Redundancy & Flexibility Future Multiple Aircraft Flight Control

Universal GCS (OSGCS-V3) Path Ahead


Why? Supports Interoperability & Commonality (Shadow & Gray Eagle) Improved Architecture Improved Reliability/Serviceability Addresses Obsolescence Common Training (Shadow & Gray Eagle) How? Early development with Lab assets (FY10) at General Atomics First Prototypes delivered early calendar FY11 Leveraging current Shadow testing Integration complete Flight testing (3QFY10 - 3QFY11) Passed Road/Rail testing (FY10) Env/E3 testing (FY11) When? Focused development to meet 3rd Unit Equipped OSGCS-V3 included in LRIP II configuration Retrofit plan for 1st and 2nd Units Equipped

OSGCS-V3

(UGCS)
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Extended Range Multi-Purpose Unmanned Aircraft System Increment 1- Operational Overview Diagram (OV-1)
Combat Aviation Brigade ERMP UAS Company Supports Task-Organized Modular Force Division and Joint Task Force
NAVSTAR GPS Blue Force Tracker Trojan Spirit SATCOM Relay

10 October 2007

Security
(MUM)

AWACS / JSTARS

Air Data Relay C2 Support (Comm. Relay)

Recon/Surv (Armed)
Joint Tactical Information Dissemination System Link-16

X MARFOR Launch & Recovery Site X CAB ERMP Company HQ Combat Aviation BDE HQ ADA Apache Block III X Infantry

SF SF

SOF JTAC X Heavy

SOF JTAC

Joint / Coalition Forces

I GCS ERMP

A2C2S

TACP

GCS X GCS JTAC Trojan Spirit X Stryker GCS

Attack (MUM)

LandWarNet LandWarNet Gateway to Gateway to GIG GIG Global ISR Global ISR Community Community Of Interest Of Interest

XX

ASOC

BfSB

Battlefield Surveillance Brigade HQ Division HQ X GCS Fires Fires BDE HQ

Net-Centric Information Net-Centric Information Domain & Global Domain & Global Information Grid Information Grid

X Coalition Apache Block III

Artillery
JTF Marine Component JTF Air Component JTF Naval Component Coalition Forces

LEGEND
Army Info Exchange Joint Info Exchange ERMP UAS Info Exchange LandWarNet Point of Presence (POP) TACON Relationship

LandWarNet Network Coverage

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JTF JTF

ERMP UAS Enabled Relay Exchange (WCP or CRP-M)

10

Quick Reaction Capability (QRCs)

1 x GA Legacy GCS

4 x Pre-Production Aircraft w/ADT/ADR & C-band

4 x SADT

4 x LYNX II

4 x DAS-2

1 x C-Band GDT

2 x TALS

2 x TCDL GDT

Ground Support Equipment


(Army)

GFE, Spares, CLS and Training


2 x OSGCS w/GFE 1 x SATCOM GDT

Capabilities
22 / 7 OPTEMPO EO / IR / LD SAR / GMTI Communication Relay ATLS Hellfire

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MQ-1C Gray Eagle Company


1/11/116//128
Gray Eagle UAS

1/4/41//46

0/5/37//42 FLT PLT 0/1/1// 2 HQ HQ 0/4/36// 40


L/R/S PLT L/R/S SEC

0/2/38//40 LCH/RCVY MAINT PLT

CO HQ
HQ
FLT OPS Supply

(12) MQ-1C

1/1/7// 9 0/3/4// 7 0/0/2// 2


GRND CONT

0/1/8// 9

0/1/5// 6

Auto Maint

0/0/17// 17
L/R/S PLT SYS REPAIR SEC

0/0/20// 20

Mess

0/0/5// 5 0/0/6// 6
L/R/S PLT SYS REPAIR SEC

CL III/V

0/0/5// 5

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Current Gray Eagle Program


Baseline System
1 x Company

11 non-SOF Companies Sustain 5 x deployed Companies 1:1.2 BOG/Dwell 45% of aircraft deployed
Legend:
Ground Control Station Ground Data Terminal Portable Ground Control Station MQ-1C Gray Eagle Portable Ground Data Terminal
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SATCOM Ground Data Terminal Tactical Automatic Landing System

Excludes 2 x ARSOF Companies (12 aircraft each)

New Gray Eagle Fielding Strategy


Theater / Available Equipment Sets
3 x Modular Platoons/Company

Home Station Training / Dwell Equipment Sets

10 x Companies equipped Home Station Training Sustain 5 x deployed Companies 1:2.0 BOG/Dwell 60% of aircraft deployed
Legend:
Ground Control Station Ground Data Terminal Portable Ground Control Station SATCOM Ground Data Terminal Tactical Automatic Landing System

Excludes 2 x ARSOF Companies (12 aircraft each)


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MQ-1C Gray Eagle

Portable Ground Data Terminal

The Future
STARlite SAR/GMTI Integration UGCS/UGDT Development & Integration Multi-Aircraft OSGCS Operations Apache Block III MUM Integration TSP Integration CSP HD-TLA Integration WIN-T Integration JTRS Integration Ka SATCOM Airworthiness Level II VADER/TRACER SAR JAGM & other potential Weapons

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Gray Eagle P3I Schedule


FY11 FY12
FUE IOT&E FRP
AB3 IOT&E

FY13
FOTE 4.2.0
4UE 5UE WCP LUT 6UE

FY14
7UE 8/9/10UE

FY15
11/12/13UE 14/15/16UE 17UE

FY16

ER/MP Milestones Army Capability Sets

O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D
LRIP 2

4.1.0

2UE 3UE

IOP 2.0 Release

CS 11-12 4.2.0 STARLITE - F MUM Class C Ops - F GOCO& 2UE CS 11-12 - F Automated ADR F Hot/Wet Resin F Class B Ops (IOP 2.0) - F Latency (IOP 2.0) - F TRICLOPS F GCS/AV DLI Interface (CAT I/II) - F Network Arch (IOP 2.0) - F 4.3.0 System Dev & Test UGCS/UGDT HW (LOI 5) - F Audio (IOP 2.0) - F CS 13-14 - F CSP HD EO/IR - F BDRVT (IOP 2.0) - F SAV/KIA (IOP 2.0) F BE-CDL - U

CS 13-14
IOC 4.2.0
IOP3.0 Release IOP 4.0 Release

CS 15-16

IOP 2.0 Fielding


NET 4.3.0 NET 4.4.0 NET 4.5.0

IOP 3.0 Fielding


11 UE 1QFY17 NET 4.6.0

Block 1 PM UAS Requirements Block 2


= Payload/Weapons
Addition Interoperability = Advancement

TNG DEV

TSP to QRC (EMD Integration)

4.4.0 System Dev & Test TSP - F TNG DEV HELLFIRE R U Griffin U WIN-T WCP F 4.5.0 System Dev & Test Weapons IOP (UAI) - F CS 15-16 - F QoS (IOP 2.0) - F GCS/AV DLI Interface (CAT III) - F CSP HD/TLA - F Full IOP (3.0) - F 4m SAT/ Ka Band - U JTRS AMF-SA U COA3 HW Set U M-801 Launcher F Integration only

TNG DEV 4.6.0 System Dev & Test TRACER U TNG DEV 4.7.0 System Dev & Test VADER - U JAGM - F Full IOP 4.0 - F CS 17-18 - F

Block 3
Potential/Unallocated Items
AHFE Improved Gray Eagle Add directional antenna Universal Payload Interface Universal Pod In-flight Runway Survey Portable Maint Aid (PMA) Reduced Footprint ATLS Wet Runway Short field ATLS SATCOM ATLS Single AO/PO Crew station Global dGPS IFR Flight PGS (U788) Engine-Out ATLS

Block 4

Block 5

Block 6

= Enhancement
Underline = Change from Aug 10 IBOD F = Funded U = Unfunded

System

Continuous Airworthiness Development - U


FY11 FY12 P3I Briefing 15 MAR 11 FY13 FY14 FY15

O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D

FY16

P3I strategy predicated on contractor-based NET training until training is institutionalized.

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Summary
Take Aways:
LRIP I & II on contract 4 full-up Warfighting Systems QRC 1 & 2 Deployed in OND/OEF PM Focus
Successful IOTE (1QFY11) Full Rate Production Contract (2QFY12) Continue to support/sustain QRCs

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