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Comparison Between Tropical

and Temperate Farming Systems
Tropical Environment
 Climate
 has distinct wet and dry season
 could be unimodal or bimodal in pattern
 very humid
 has high rainfall but low effective rainfall
(effective rainfall – water retained for crop and
animal production)
 30% variability
 high temperature
 high wind velocity
 Edaphic difficulties
 leaching of nutrients
 low level of natural fertility
 low in organic matter
 tropical soils are poorly structured
 low level of natural fertility
Temperate Environment
 Climate
 has four seasons (spring, summer, autumn,
winter)
 less humid
 less windy
 relatively cooler temperature
 Edaphic
 high OM in the soil
 soil retains moisture due to winter
 lower decomposition rate
Speed of decomposition in different
climate zones
Place Ave Temp Decomposition (years)
(oC)
half complete
Tropical 27.2 2.8 11.9
rain forest
Temperate 13.7 13.9 60.3
Evergreen
Forest
Sub-frigid 5.6 35.9 155.3
forest