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As the effects of the twelve Houses are judged from Lagna and Moon, effects of the twelve Houses and the various Planets are judged in the same manner. Therefore the inauspicious places from the seven Planets, named, as Karan, beginning from Sun and Lagna (total 8), should be marked by dots (Bindus) and auspicious places, named, as Sthan, by small vertical lines (Rekhas) and on the basis of their assessment should the judgment of the horoscope and predictions be made. Notes. The above arrangement is known, as AshtakaVargaa. The meaning of AshtakaVargaa is literally the group of eight things. In other words it is the combination of the good and bad positions of a Planet with reference to the seven Planets and Lagna. So it is the combination of the benefic and malefic marks (the Rekhas and the Bindus) in a planets chart with reference to the position of the eight Planets (here Lagna is to be treated, as a Planet). Bphs Ch. 66, v. 13- 15
The asthakavargas is a unique way of dividing each of the 12 rasis into eight sub divisions, based on the influence of the lagna and the 7 main planets on these 12 rasis. Rahu & Ketu are omitted in asthakavargas. Based on their individual positions in a horoscope, the lagna and the 7 main planets, contribute certain positive and negative influences on the 12 signs of the horoscope. These influences are called bindus and rekhas, which are positive and negative points. There is a confusion and controversy between South Indians and North Indians about the bindus and rekhas and which of them is benific and malefic. So lets simply call them positive points and negative points to avoid confusion. For Ashtakavarga purpose each rasi is divided into 8 parts called Kakshas. Each kaksha has a span of 3:45′. The 1st kaksha of each rasi is ruled by Saturn, the 2nd by Jupiter, 3rd by Mars, 4th by Sun, 5th by Venus, 6th by Mercury, the 7th by Moon and the 8th by the Lagna. Mainly 3 types of Ashtakavarga charts are used to study the effects of the planets.
The Use of Sarvachanchakra The late Mr. CS Patel, a great votary and researcher, in his book “Ashtakavarga”, on page 69, has written about the use of the Sarvachanchachakra, a chart that incorporates all the details of the Asthakavarga and the horoscope: - The bigger circle represents the map of the zodiac, divided into 12 bhavas according to Porphyry-Jatakapadhathi of Sharipati. - The sandhis of the 12 bhavas are given in signs, degrees and minutes in their proper places. - A bhava is divided into eight parts known as kakshyas. - The bindus in various bhavas are shown as given in the tabular forms in the books. - From this chart one can have a visual idea of the transit of the Sun and other planets through the various bhavas and kakshyas by which results can be judged on a collective basis.
Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra in chapter 71, v. 1 – 4, “Determination of Longevity” : “Ch. 71. Determination of Longevity through the Ashtaka Varga
1-4. The sage said. I will now describe the method of determining longevity from the Ashtaka Varga. For this purpose the AshtakaVargaas of Lagna and all the Planets have to be studied. The Rekhas in all the Rāśis have been allotted specific spans of life. The Rāśi, which has no Rekhas, has been allotted 2 days, that with one Rekha gets l days, one day for Rāśi with 2 Rekhas, half day for Rāśi with 3 Rekhas, 7 days for Rāśi with 4 Rekhas, 2 years for Rāśi with 5 Rekhas, 4 years for Rāśi with 6 Rekhas, 6 years for Rāśi with 7 Rekhas and 8 years for Rāśi with 8 Rekhas. In this manner the spans of life should be worked from Rekhas in all the AshtakaVargaas. Half of the sum total of all will be the longevity, based on Ashtaka Varga.”
http://www.astrojyoti.com/bphspage9.htm interprets the following verses from Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra:
72, v. 1-6, Aggregational AshtakaVargaas
1-2. The sage said. O Brahmin! Write down a Rāśi Kundali with 12 Houses, including Lagna. Then insert the total of the Rekhas in all the AshtakaVargaas of the Planets in the Rāśi concerned. The Ashtaka Varga with such Rekhas is called the Samudaya Ashtaka Varga, or the aggregational Ashtaka Varga. From this should be judged good and adverse effects of the Rāśi Kundali.
3-5. In the aggregational Ashtaka Varga the Rāśi, which has more than 30 Rekhas, gives favourable effects, that, having between 25 and 30 Rekhas, produces medium effects and that Rāśi, who has less than 25 Rekhas, yields adverse effects. Auspicious functions, like marriage etc., should be performed, when the Planet, on whose basis the time and date of functions are performed, moves into the Rāśi with favourable effects. The Rāśi, which is productive of adverse effects should be avoided for these purposes. For example, the strength of Moon is generally acceptable for all auspicious functions. Therefore auspicious functions should be performed, or started, when Moon is in the Rāśi with maximum number of Rekhas. The Planet in the Rāśi with favourable number of Rekhas produces auspicious effects and the Planet in the Rāśi with unfavorable number of Rekhas yields evil results. 6. Amongst the 12 Houses more than 30 Rekhas advance the effects of a House, between 25 and 30 Rekhas produce medium effects and the effects of the House, which contains less than 25 Rekhas, get damaged.” From the above rules it can be interpreted, that, if there are less than 25 Rekhas in 6th, 8th and 12th House, their effects become favourable. The effects will become adverse, if these Houses contain more than 25 Rekhas. 7-8. If in a Rāśi Kundali there are larger number of Rekhas in the 11th than those in 10th and there are smaller number of Rekhas in the 12th than those in the 11th and Lagna contains largest number of Rekhas, the native will be wealthy and will enjoy all kinds of comforts and luxury.
BPHS - Ch. 72, v. 11 -28 L Remedial measures to ward off various evils: 11-28. There will be danger of death in the month of the Rāśi (period of Sun’s transit in that Rāśi), which has 7, or less than 7 Rekhas in the Samudaya Ashtaka Varga. To ward off this evil effect 20 Tolas of gold and 2 heaps of sesame seeds, resembling the shape of a mountain, should be given in charity. … possibility of death …, … 8. Tuladan of camphor is recommended to obtain relief from this evil effect. … danger of snakes …, … 9. A ch6thot with 7 horses should be given in charity …. … danger from weapons …, which contains 10 …. An armour together with Vajra should be given in charity to ward off …. … danger of disgrace for no cause …, … 11. An idol of the moon, made of 10 Tolas of gold, should be given in charity …. … danger of death from drowning …, … 12. Land full of crops should be given in charity …. … danger of death from wild and violent animals …, in which there are 13 …. A Shaligram Shila should be given in charity …. … danger of death …, … 14. A Varah Murti, made of gold, should be given in charity …. … danger of the wrath of the king …, … 15. An elephant should be given in charity …. … danger of 6thshta (calamity, disaster, or misfortune) …, … 16. A Kalpa Vriksha, made of gold, should be given in charity …. … danger from diseases …, that has 17 …. A cow and jaggery should be given in charity …. … danger of conflict …, … 18. A cow, jewels, land and gold should be given in charity …. … possibility of banishment from the homeland …, which has 19 …. Family deity should be worshipped …. … loss of intelligence …, … 20. Goddess Saraswati should be worshipped …. … distress from diseases …, that has 21 …. A heap of grains, shaped, like a mountain, should be given in charity …. … distress to kinsmen …, … 22. Gold should be given in charity …. The native will be in distress …, … 23. An idol of the sun, made of 7 Tolas of gold, should be given in charity …. … death of the kinsmen …, … 24. 10 cows should be given in charity …. … loss of wisdom …, … 25. Goddess Saraswati should be worshipped …. … loss of wealth …, … 26. Gold should be given in charity …. … loss of wealth …, …27. Sri Sukta Japa should be performed …. … losses in several ways …, … 28. Havana of Sun should be performed …. … anxieties all-round …, … 29. Ghī, clothes and gold should be given in charity …. … 30gains of wealth and grains etc. …, … .
29. There will be all-round increase in wealth, happiness in respect of children and enjoyments in the Samvatsar, month and Nakshatra of the Rāśi, which has more than 30 Rekhas. … increase in wealth, property, children and good reputation, if the Rāśi has more than 40 Rekhas. 30-31. The Rāśi, which is auspicious in Ashtaka Varga Samudaya, is considered auspicious for all auspicious functions. Consequently the auspiciousness of Ashtaka Varga should be got checked before performing any function, like marriage etc. If a Rāśi is not auspicious in Ashtaka Varga, then its auspiciousness should be checked from transit effects. It is not necessary to check transit effects, if a Rāśi is auspicious in Ashtaka Varga. Thus the auspiciousness of the Rāśi in the Ashtaka Varga should be considered, as paramount.”