Lubrication and Cooling System in an Engine

Upon completion of this lesson, the students will be able to:
Upon completion of this lesson, the students will be able to: 1) Identify where the cooling occurs in an engine 2) Identify where lubrication in an engine occurs 3) List the parts in an engine where cooling and lubrication occurs 4) Know the importance of keeping an engine lubricated

The cap on the top of almost every car or truck radiator (or on the separate coolant reservoir) is designed for safety — first letting any built.There are a few safety precautions that need to be followed when checking the lubrication and cooling systems in an engine 1. Wear safety glasses. The engine should be cold before you start. Don’t touch the oil because it maybe hot.up pressure escape slowly — before the cap is completely removed. Wear gloves or use a rag. 5. 3. 2. Can anyone give me another? . 4.


Does anyone know the importance of lubrication and cooling systems in an engine? • The lubrication and cooling system of an internal. . If the lubricating system should fail.combustion engine is very important. but many of the parts are likely to be damage beyond repair. Coolant protects your engine from freezing or overheating. not only will the engine stop.

What lubrication system does for an engine. An oil pump is located on the bottom of the engine. The job of the lubrication system is to distribute oil to the moving parts to reduce friction between surfaces which rub against each other. 5. 4. The pump is driven by a worm gear off the main exhaust valve cam shaft. The oil is pumped to the top of the engine inside a feed line. 1. 7. 3. Oil is picked up and splashed onto the bearings to lubricate these surfaces. Along the outside of the bottom of the crankcase is a collection tube which gathers up the used oil and returns it to the oil pump to be circulated again. . 8. 6. Small holes in the feed line allow the oil to drip inside the crankcase. The oil drips onto the pistons as they move in the cylinders. 9. The oil then runs down inside the crankcase to the main bearings holding the crankshaft. lubricating the surface between the piston and cylinder. 2.


The primary functions of oil are listed below: 1. Provide a barrier between moving parts to reduce friction. Oil should have the ability to leave a protective coating on all parts when the engine is turned off to prevent rust and corrosion. Neutralize acids that can build up and destroy polished metal surfaces.Proper lubrication of an engine is a complex process. 4. Coat all engine parts. and wear. 7. Dirt and carbon particles need to be carried by the oil to the oil filter where they can be trapped. Friction from moving parts and combustion of fuel produce heat that must be carried away. 2. Oil must be able to endure extreme heat without changing in physical properties or breaking down. Motor oil must perform many functions under many different operating conditions. Stay fluid in cold weather. heat buildup. 6. Absorb and suspend dirt and other particles. 5. 3. Disperse heat. Resist sludge and varnish buildup. yet remain thick enough to offer engine .

and it is the job of the cooling system to take care of that heat. In fact. they are still not very efficient at turning chemical energy into mechanical power.What the cooling system does for an engine. but the cooling system also has several other important jobs. So another important job of the cooling system is to allow the engine to heat up as quickly as possible. 5. When the engine is cold. components wear out faster. and the engine is less efficient and emits more pollution. . the cooling system on a car driving down the freeway dissipates enough heat to heat two average-sized houses! 3. 4. The engine in your car runs best at a fairly high temperature. and then to keep the engine at a constant temperature. The primary job of the cooling system is to keep the engine from overheating by transferring this heat to the air. Most of the energy in the gasoline (perhaps 70%) is converted into heat. 6. 2. Although gasoline engines have improved a lot. 1.


The main water pump is gear. Pumping • Your cooling system's pumping function is handled by its water pump.Cooling systems consist of three main parts: 1. . which keeps the coolant mixture moving.or belt-driven but. a secondary electric water pump is used for improved flow and cooling. in many cars.

Maintenance of cooling system piping consists of scheduled coolant replacement. All hoses should be replaced at least every few years. Whenever the coolant is drained for replacement or during engine repairs. Because of the materials used and the constant contact with coolant. heater cores and control valves are normally only replaced due to leakage or plugging. The condition of these parts should be assessed by a professional since proper functioning is critical to many other systems within your car. replacement of all hoses on a regular basis and replacement of any plugged or leaking parts. expansion tanks. Piping • Your cooling system's piping consists of all hoses. all parts in this system deteriorate more from time than use. Radiators. cracks.Cooling systems consist of three main parts: 2. any control valves. the heater core. any suspect hoses should be replaced. • All hoses should be checked at least twice a year for abrasions. the radiator and the expansion tank. • • . flexibility and evidence of leakage.

radiator or expansion tank cap. These cooling system parts function primarily independent of the engine but control the engine either through cooling or by sending control signals to your car's electronic systems. thermostat. Never use other caps except for short-term emergencies! • • . A high temperature reading followed by a drop to normal temperature (or a continuously low temperature) is a common first sign of a sticking thermostat. It serves to maintain proper system coolant level at predetermined pressures. cooling fan(s) and fan clutch (if equipped). so you need to know how to eliminate each possibility. Temperature Control • Your cooling system's temperature controls include all coolant temperature sensors.Cooling systems consist of three main parts: 3. many other conditions may cause these symptoms. The thermostat is a spring-loaded valve that opens and closes based on the temperature of the coolant flowing through it. It must always be replaced with an exact replacement cap with the same pressure setting. However. The radiator or expansion tank cap is also a spring-loaded valve reacting to system pressure.


then after absorbing the heat of combustion is circulated to the radiator where the heat is transferred to the atmosphere. The coolant is pumped through the engine.Liquid Cooled System • In a liquid cooled system. especially around the combustion chamber in the cylinder head area of the engine block. heat is carried away by the use of a heat absorbing coolant that circulates through the engine. The cooled liquid is then transferred back into the engine to repeat the process. .


Is there any questions? . Checking and replacing all parts at the factory-recommended time or mileage limits helps as well. Keeping them clean both internally (coolant replacement) and externally (engine cleaning) is the best way to ensure trouble-free driving.Maintenance of your cooling system • Maintenance of your cooling system sensors is virtually impossible since there's nothing really to "maintain".

to keep the engine operating temperature at its most efficient level. If the lubricating system should fail. and to get the engine up to the correct temperature as soon as possible after starting. .Lubrication and Cooling System • The lubrication system of an internal-combustion engine is very important. not only will the engine stop. but many of the parts are likely to be damaged beyond repair. • The only purpose of the engine's cooling system is to remove excess heat from the engine. A cooling system is also required to prevent the internal engine parts from melting from the heat of the burning fuel.

Engine Failures • Does anyone know the how many engine failures are attributed to cooling system failure? -Over 50% of engine failures can be attributed to cooling system failure. .

) .Water Pump .Expansion Tank . manifold coolant.Radiator Cap and/or Expansion Tank Cap . heater.Thing needed to repair a cooling system • Can anyone list some of the things needed to repair a cooling system? .Hoses (upper & lower radiator.Temperature Sensors .Heater Core . or flat) .Radiator . bypass. V-.Water Pump Drive Belt (timing. etc.Control Valves .Fan Clutch • Can anyone tell me how important a lubrication system is in an engine? .Coolant .

• • • • • • • • • • 1) What does an Oil Pump do? 2) What does an Oil Pan do? 3) What does an Engine Oil Cooler do? 4) What does an Oil Filter do? 5) What does a Water Pump do? 6) What does a fan do? 7) What does a Radiator do? 8) What does the Transmission Oil Filter do? 9) What does the Transmission Oil Cooler do? 10) What does the Liquid Cooling system do? . 2) http://auto.1) http://www.htm .com/content/fc/14104/css/ 4) 3) m 5) http://www.

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