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Are Indians really ready to acknowledge the contribution of one of the greatest Indian
Revolutionary and Nationalist Freedom fighter of this Century who was subjected to an International conspiracy?
Are Indians really interested in knowing the true reason for Independence of India? Are Indians really ready to change history books on Independence of India?
NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE - FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Believe it or not, this is not just hearsay, references are either given to documents OR information in bits and pieces is available with Researchers, Governments of India, UK, USA, Soviet Countries, Japan, China (2000 diplomatic files of period 194955 to be declassified), Taiwan, North Korea, Vietnam, Germany, Italy, Mongolia, Tibet, Burma etc., in several books, and on INTERNET. If this is not the TRUTH,
then governments of above countries must open their Archives and Classified & Secret documents about INA and Netaji OR Taolin (Manchuria) OR Ghijai/Khilsai Malang (USSR) OR Parda Baba/Bhagwanji/Dusnami Sanyasi (India) to Researchers, as according to
them Netaji had died more than 65 years ago in a Plane Crash, on 18 th August 1945. Netaji is no more a danger to anybody even if he is alive at the age of 114 years, what is highly improbable. If something is dangerous; that is the
SIN(s) committed by our own revered leaders and peoples towards NETAJI. What is so unique in Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose?
• Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is a name that glitters with glory in the history of freedom movements of the world. He emerged as an outstanding leader, not of a nation or two but of the whole Asian continent, who first resigned from ICS, the topmost service in India those days; rose to the topmost political position in India (Congress President); then moved from one corner to other in Europe as well as in Asia during second World War; established a Provisional Government of Free India and built an army of more than 50000 men, out of nothing, to fight the mighty British Empire. There is no parallel leader in the world history who interacted/met and influenced so many top leaders of his period in so many countries; situated in different parts of the world and having diverse ideologies (Gandhi, De Valera, Attlee, Mussolini, Hitler, Tojo, Stalin, Mao, Ho Chi Minh etc.)
Netaji was most dynamic leader of Indian National Movement and the greatest hero of India’s struggle for freedom. In 1946, Gandhiji, in spite of all his Machiavellian Rivalry towards Netaji, had to call him as “PATRIOT of Patriots” and “PRINCE of Patriots” when he (Gandhi) was afraid of his (Netaji) return from USSR. (Ref: Letter dated 22 July 1946 from Khurshed Ben Naoroji, a
secretary of Mahatma Gandhi to Prof. Louis Fischer, an American journalist to prevail upon the US president)
Who influenced Netaji’s life? What were his ideologies?
• Netaji was a political leader primarily influenced by the spirituality of Swami Vivekanand. He emulated teachings of Bhagwat Gita and thinking of his political mentor Desbandhu Chitranjan Das. He was deeply influenced by Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, Resurrection Movement of Italy, Liberation Activities of Irish Revolutionary De Valera and Insurrection of Modern Turkey under Kamal Pasha. Subhas had extensively studied Bismark, Mazzini, Garibaldi, George Washington and many other political and social thinkers of the world. • Netaji professed for Spiritualism and Nationalism mingled with Samajvad. In his most important book ‘The Indian Struggle’; the Political Party he envisioned would work as follows: 1. 2. 3.
The party will stand for the interests of the masses: poors, peasants, workers etc., It will stand for the complete political and economic liberation of the Indian people. It will stand for Federal Government for India as the ultimate goal, but will believe in a strong Central Government with dictatorial powers for some years to come, in order to put India on her feet. 4. It will believe in a sound system of state planning for the reorganization of the agricultural and industrial life of the country. 5. It will seek to build up a new social structure on the basis of the village communities of the past that were ruled by the village "Panch" and will strive to break down the existing social barriers like caste and religion.
• Outlining the need of synthesis between Communism and Fascism, Bose invented an Indian word: ‘Samyavad’ - a synthesis of Justice and Equality (of Socialism) and Efficiency and Discipline (of Fascism). • Throughout his political career, India's Liberation from British rule remained Bose's foremost political goal; indeed, it was his life long obsession. • Bose aimed for nothing less than the formation of "a new India and a happy India on the basis of the eternal principles of Liberty, Democracy and Socialism". He rejected Communism (at least as it was practiced in the Soviet Union) principally because of its impracticable internationalism and because he believed that the theoretical ideals found in the writings of Karl Marx could not be applied to India without modification. He maintained socialist views throughout and, on very many occasions, expressed his hope for ‘an egalitarian
(especially classless and casteless) industrialized society in which the state would control the basic means of production’. He also did not like many Nazi
thinking and methods of political control and openly opposed through letters and newspapers even while living in Germany of Hitler’s period.
Why did Subhas resign from Congress President in 1939 in spite of being elected by majority votes?
• Bose wanted an early resumption of the National-wide Struggle for Independence, to be preceded by an ultimatum to the British government. This caused much annoyance to Gandhiji. Gandhiji opposed Subhas when he again stood for the election of the Presidentship of the Congress in 1939. Subhas defeated Pattabhi Sitaramaiyya by obtaining 1580 votes against 1371 votes in spite of open opposition from Gandhiji and his courtiers. Gandhiji became very angry that his nominee was defeated and publicly declared that this was his personal defeat. After that Gandhiji went to Rajkot and went on a fast. • Gandhi Wing and Nehru opposed Subhas on every occasion. Almost all Congress Working Committee members resigned to make it difficult for Bose to continue to function. Subhas tried to pacify Gandhiji but later did not cooperated. Ultimately, Subhas resigned from the Presidentship of Congress on 29 April 1939.
Why Britishers treated Subhas ENEMY NUMERO-UNO (Enemy number one)? Why did they arrest him 11 times?
Subhas was in favour of continuous and uncompromising struggle to finish British rule in India. His writings in Newspapers, his address in public meetings and his huge followings all over India were propagating towards an open revolution. According to British secret records Subhas was “implacable foe of British rule in India” and “the most dangerous man in India”. • Subhas had personal links and influence on revolutionaries all over India and particularly in Bengal. As per British Report: “Subhas’s brain was behind all the terrorist (read Revolutionary ) activities in Bengal … There can be no question of his release.” • During 1928 to 1931, Subhas Bose presided over several gatherings of Youth Congress, Trade Union Congress, Naujawan Bharat Sabha (established by Bhagat Singh) and Revolutionary groups like Anushilan, Bengal Volunteers Force, Shri Sangh etc. Subhas emerged as the sole leader of revolutionary radical forces during that period, after Bhagat Singh and his companion got arrested in Assembly Bomb case. • It was extremely difficult for British to keep Subhas free in the middle of
Indian Public and also in Indian prisons. Former action was digging the root of British Raj in India and later action was creating public unrest and sympathy for Subhas.
Why did Subhas Bose escape to Germany?
• In Subhas’s opinion, out burst of II World War was the right time when Indians should start their aggressive movement to win their freedom from British. Subhas had long talks with Savarkar, Jinnah, Gandhiji and other Congress leaders in June 1940, but nobody was prepared to join hands for a joint fight for India’s independence. When he himself started
a mass movement, he was arrested on 2nd July 1940 (11th time). He did not want to
miss the opportunity given by II World War, hence he started hunger strike in jail and after his health deteriorated on the 11th day of fasting, he was released on 5 December 1940 and put under house arrest under strict surveillance. The British Government was afraid of mass reactions if something happened to Bose in prison especially during the period of war. • Subhas wanted help from Russia in India’s freedom struggle. But due to nonaggression pact with UK, Stalin and Molotov advised Netaji, through Russian Consulate in Kabul, to take help from Germany and Italy. •
He escaped to Nazi Germany, risking not only his life but also his reputation, only for the sake of freeing his motherland. This was really a “Great Escape” meticulously planned as a big slap on British Intelligence.
Was Netaji a Fascist or a Dictator?
• Netaji was neither a Fascist nor a Dictator, he was a Benevolent Nationalist and Revolutionary Leader having modern and progressive thinking and with pragmatic approach. Although he was authoritative and clearly enjoyed the devotion of his
followers, his obsession was not adulation or power but rather freedom for his beloved Motherland -- a goal for which he was willing to suffer for any length and sacrifice any thing, even his status in politics and his life. This was always expressed by
his thoughts, events narrated by numerous people who came in his contact and proved by his countless actions: e.g.
During his many years as head of various Councils, Committees and Offices, and during 15-month tenure as President of the Indian National Congress (February 1938 to April 1939), as a Head of Provisional Government of Free India and as a Supreme Commander of INA, Bose never acted in undemocratic manner neither did
he claim powers or responsibilities to which he was not constitutionally or customarily entitled; nor did he attempt in any way to foster a cult of his own personality.
Being elected as President of Congress by majority votes, Subhas could have vetoed
notorious and unconstitutional Pant Proposal (that changed the destiny of Subhas and India both) against him on 8th March 1939, but he did not do so because of his democratic outlook.
Even being the Supreme Commander of INA, many times, he used to help his staff
officers to wash their hands and sometimes used to prepare coffee/tea for them. Whenever there was any calamity/mishappening to his men, tears
came from his eyes and he took immediate steps for relief.
Netaji always asked other’s opinions and took decisions on the merit of valued opinions.
The story of INA retreat from Imphal is one of the greatest tragedies of World War II. It is a
story of misery, hunger and death. The display of Netaji during retreat witnessed his outstanding leadership as well as his supreme human characteristics. He took personal care of his men and particularly women, while moving on foot with them, and refused to travel by car even being Supreme Commander and Head of Azad Hind Government. During those days, whenever somebody persuaded Netaji to take underground shelter when enemy bombers came and did carpet-bombing his reply was: “the bomb to kill me has not yet made.” He never even for a moment lost his faith in the ultimate victory of his efforts.
and emphatically declared in
speeches in East Asia that if the INA succeeded in liberating India he would toss over that freedom to the people and retire into spiritual oblivion.
His spontaneous feelings coming out of his heart made him extraordinarily a rare leader of people.
What dealings/connections Netaji had with Hitler, Mussolini and Tojo? Was he a puppet of Germany OR Japan as propagated by British, Communists and Congress leaders during World War II?
• Netaji’s relation with all World leaders was only in the context of India’s Liberation from British yoke. He may have liked or disliked some personal qualities and thoughts of these leaders and he expressed his opinion openly about those aspects, which directly or indirectly affected India’s interests. On 22 June 1941, Germany declared war on the USSR. Netaji expressed his unhappiness to Ribbentrop (Foreign Minister of Hitler) through a letter and newspapers saying that sympathy of Indian people is clearly with Russia and Germany was an aggressor. Earlier also,
Bose had criticized Hitler’s treatment of Jews. That time he was in Germany and Hitler could have imprisoned/eliminated him for this expression.
• Netaji was extremely skilled and successful in convincing and inspiring people about his mission, common objectives and mutual co-operation. While negotiating with Germans, some of his terms were:
India should be regarded as a completely sovereign state of which he would be the
representative until such time as the Indian people could finally constitute their own Government on their own soil.
He should have facilities for a separate free establishment of his own with the status of a
diplomatic representative attached to the Head of a sovereign state.
For such a set up, the German Government should advance an interest free loan which would be
repayable by India after the termination of hostilities. The loan so granted must be without any condition and the expenditure for the same must be subject to diplomatic immunity.
Any broadcasts, any publications or any publicity to be carried on by the establishment so
contemplated, must not be subject to any German censorship even though the same may have to be carried on from territories of Germany under her occupation.
Recruitment to any National Army to be raised would be made solely by Indians or representatives
duly approved by the head of the state, i.e. Subhas Chandra Bose. The oath of allegiance by the members of the Army would be to Subhas Chandra Bose who as the Head of the Sovereign State of India, would also be the Commander -in-chief of all India armed forces.
The Indian forces, while operating in any joint sub-command, must not be deployed on any front other than against the British or other troops under the British command subject to any
unforeseen military entanglements.
The Nazis were surprised to see the terms of a powerless one-man government in self-exile asking co-operation with the mighty Hitler? With Mussolini, Tojo, Ho -Chi -Minh and Mao-Tse-Tung , he enjoyed a
relationship of friendship. With Hitler and Stalin, he maintained a distance.
General Tojo was so much impressed by Netaji after his first meeting that he said, “If there
exists a man of the Century, he is one whom I met today."
• He made a Radio Broadcast from Germany stating:
“I am not an apologist of the three (Axis) power and it is not my task to defend what they have done or may do in future. That is the task, which devolves on these nations themselves. My concern is however with India and if I may say further with India alone”… “My whole life is one long persistent uncompromising struggle against British. All my life, I have been the servant of India, until the last breath of my life I shall remain one … No matter in which part of the world I may live.”
• While preparing for war against Britishers with the help of Japan, some of the codes of conduct decided in advance were
Liberated territories would be handed over to INA.
Only flag to fly over Indian soil would be national tricolour. Any Japanese or Indian soldier found looting and raping was to be shot dead at once.
Knowing these facts, who can call Netaji a puppet of Germany or Japan?
What was Netaji’s contribution towards India’s Freedom?
Let us listen from Horse’s mouth: • Chief Justice P.B. Chakrabarty of Calcutta High Court, who was Acting Governor of West Bengal in India when Lord Atlee made his first (personal) visit to an Independent India, asked a direct question to Mr. Atlee: “What was the real cause that had led the British to quit
India in spite of winning Second World War?” In his reply Atlee said: “The principal reason was the erosion of loyalty among the Indian Army and Navy personnel to the British Crown as a result of the military activities of Netaji Subhas Bose.” Toward
the end of prolonged discussion Mr. Chakraborty asked Atlee what was the extent of Gandhi's influence upon the British decision to quit India. Hearing this question, Atlee's lips became twisted in a sarcastic smile as he slowly chewed out the word, "m-i-n-i-m-a-l!" • Trial of INA prisoners at Red Fort aroused revolt and unrest all over UNDIVIDED INDIA in Army, in Navy, in Police, in Public and in Government officials. Unrest started even before the INA trial started when people came to know the heroic deeds of INA and Netaji. • Between 21 and 26 November 1945, Calcutta was strike-bound. More than a hundred were killed or injured in police firing. • Hindus and Muslims - their trucks flying both Congress and Muslim League flags—jointly took over the city, attacking American and British military establishments and shouting the slogans of freedom and nationalism coined by Netaji. Some 49 military vehicles were destroyed and 97 damaged, and about 200 military personnel injured: thirty-two Indians lost their lives and 200 were wounded. The violence soon spread along the Gangetic plain to Patna, Allahabad and Benaras and eventually places as far apart as Karachi and Bombay were affected. • In January 1946, 5200 Royal Indian Air Force personnel had gone on strike to express sympathy with INA prisoners. • Between 11 and 14 February 1946, the streets of Calcutta, Bombay and Delhi witnessed unique political demonstrations in which Hindus and Muslims forgot their differences and came together to fight the I.N.A.'s battles. • On 18 February 1946, a revolt began on HMS Talwar, a training ship of the Royal Indian Navy in Bombay.
• On 20 February 1946, Atlee pledged the British government to transfer power to Indian hands, if necessary, as two separate nations, 'not later than June 1948’. • By nightfall on the 20 Feb.’ 1946, virtually the whole of the Royal Indian Navy was in open rebellion. 78 warships in the various ports of India: Bombay, Karachi, Madras, Vizagapatnam, Calcutta, Cochin, and Andaman’s and nearly all the shore establishments had hauled down the Union Jack. Only 10 ships and two shore establishments still remained with the British. • Between 22 and 25 February 1946, the Royal Indian Armed Forces in Bombay and Madras went on strike and on the 27 February 1946, Indian soldiers in Jabalpur followed. • In Bombay there had been, what even the British owned ‘Times of India’ was forced to call, a 'Mass Uprising’. About 6,00,000 workers from the textile mills of Bombay had gone on strike to fight with British troops in the streets and lanes of Bombay. • The British had tanks and machine-guns, the workers had improvised weapons and even at times stones from dug-up roads. In the end, 270 had died and 1,300 had been injured.
Undoubtedly, a revolutionary situation had been created without any existing political leader. Gandhi, Nehru and the Congress had nothing to do with the entire upsurge.
• Such a situation existed in 1945-46 owed to Netaji Subhas Bose
and his INA. True, his army did not parade as victors in the Red Fort; but their trial had aroused the revolutionary feelings throughout the country. This had proved that his belief in a revolutionary consciousness was grounded in a deeper understanding of the Indian people than his contemporary politicians.
• Sir Stafford Cripps made the position crystal clear in British Parliament:
"… The Indian Army in India is not obeying the British officers. In these conditions if we have to rule India for a long time, we have to keep a permanent British army for a long time in a vast country of four hundred millions. We have no such army…"
• Wavell wrote:
"… In many cities, there are more Muslims who support Subhas than Jinnah… We are sitting on a volcano that is about to erupt."
negotiating Independence of India with Indian leaders.
Some people doubt whether Netaji was married?
• There is no doubt; being a normal human being, Netaji married in April 1941 to Emilie Schenkle- an Austrian Lady, who assisted him in typing/preparing his book ‘The Indian Struggle’ during his first stay in Germany during 1934-37. The commitment of Marriage was given on 26th December 1937 during a visit to Europe. The marriage was performed through a simple Indian ceremony in presence of Shri A.C.N. Nambiar and one or two personal friends. The marriage was not registered as it was decided to keep it secret for security reasons in Germany of those days. But it was a deep love affair as witnessed by letters written to each other during 1934-1942, these letters reflect the splendid HUMAN and EMOTIONAL side of both. Netaji had confirmed about the marriage and their daughter in a letter written to his elder brother Sharat Chandra Bose.
Did Netaji die in Plane Crash at Taihaku on 18th August 1945? not, what happened to him? Where had he gone?
WAY as there was no PLANE CRASH . This was confirmed by Taiwan
Government as early as 1956 to a group of MPs who visited Taiwan to make inquiries in the matter and to Mr. Anuj Dhar, the writer of “Back from Dead: Inside the Subhas Bose Mystery” in 2003 through an e-mail. And MUKHERJEE COMMISSION has very categorically concluded the same after confirming it from Taiwan Government that there was no Plane Crash in and around Taiwan during 14th August to 25th October 1945.
History goes like this:
• On 20 November 1944, while in Tokyo, Netaji approached then Soviet Ambassador, Jacob
Malik, through a letter – “… close connection with Axis powers in common struggle against British and American, does not stop me from looking for support of Soviet Government in the freedom struggle of India … my activities were not against Soviet Russia … gratitude to Soviet Government … his Excellency Mr. Molotov, Minister of
External Affairs for assistance rendered to me in 1941 when I escaped to Germany … when all political parties in India condemned, my party ‘Forward Bloc’ has openly supported Russian foreign policy toward Germany and Finland … Lenin always supported struggle against colonial rule …”
• Later Netaji made a secret trip to Russia in December 1944. •
On 21 March 1945, Netaji wrote to Col. G. S. Dillon – “Whatever happens to us individually in the course of this heroic struggle, no power in the world can keep India enslaved for longer whether we live or die fighting, our cause is bound to triumph … We have to do our duty and to pay price of India’s liberty.”
On 23 April 1945, Netaji said his people – “… I would have preferred to stay with you … but on
advice of my ministers and high ranking Japanese officers, I have to leave Burma in order to continue the struggle for freedom.” •
On 21 May 1945, while in Bangkok, Netaji forecasted an acute conflict between the Soviet Russia and the Anglo-Americans, after the fall of Germany. He said that the fundamental principle of our foreign policy has been and will be “Britain’s
enemy is India’s friend.”
• • • • By the middle of June 1945, Allied Forces took over Axis Powers completely in Europe. Japan was still fighting. In 2nd week of June 1945, Netaji asked Japan to help him to send him to Russia. On 6th and 9th August 1945, US dropped atomic bomb on Hiroshima & Nagasaki respectively, two cities in Japan. On 10 August 1945, Russia declared war on Japan and on 11 August 1945, Netaji was informed about the intention of Japan to surrender on 15 August 1945.
Netaji’s plan of shifting his base to Russian Territory was a well thought move, discussed thoroughly with top Japanese Army Commanders and approved by Stalin and Molotov (then Russian Foreign Minister) in 2nd week of August 1945 through
Jacob Malik (then Soviet Ambassador to Japan). • Field Marshal Count Terauchi, Commander-in-Chief Southern Command of Japanese
Quantung Army (starting from Burma, Thiland, China to Manchuria) and close relative of Emperor of Japan – Hirihito, had great respect and affection for Netaji. He
instructed General Isoda to help Netaji to reach Russian Occupied Territory in Manchuria on his (Terauchi’s) own responsibility and directed Lt. General Shidei to accompany Netaji. General Shidei, who knew Russian language and Manchurian
topography very well, was going to take command of Quantung Army in order to have a peaceful surrender of Japan to Red Army.
• A secret
meeting of Netaji, Col. Habibur Rahman and Japanese Generals Isoda and
Hachaiya took place behind closed doors in the house of Shri Narain Das, former local chief of IIL, to workout details of the PLAN. The rest of the INA officials were not
privy to the content or subject of that meeting. Netaji’s further plan, to reach Russia through Manchuria and declaration of plane crash to be announced later, was decided in this meeting. It was also decided that General Shidei will look after Netaji up to Dairen.
• Netaji gave a written message to John Thivy of Indian Independence League “I am writing to you
on the eve of a long journey by air and who knows an accident may not overtake me”. (the message indicates Netaji’s plan for disappearance)
• In the evening of 17th August 1945 at 5.45 PM, Netaji took leave of his Staff at Saigon Airport and boarded the Japanese Bomber Plane with General Shidei and Col. Habibur Rehman. Plane reached Dalat, Headquarter of Field Marshal Terauchi – the Supreme Commander of Japanese Quantung Army. Thus, Netaji and General Shidei were separated from others. Nobody went to Taihoku, hence there was no Plane Crash.
(Taiwan Government has confirmed that there was no plane crash on Matsuyama Airport of Taihoku from 14.08.1945 to 25.10.1945.)
• On 18th August 1945, Lt. General Hikosaburo met Russian Major General Shelakor to
work out peaceful surrender modalities of Japanese Quantung Army and safe handover of Netaji.
• “So called death” of Netaji in a plane crash at Taihoku ( as decided, in advance, to be
declared after his escape to Russian territory), while Netaji was very much present in the vicinity of Saigon on 18th August 1945.
• On 19th August 1945, a meeting took place between Ho-Chi- Minh (the Famous Vietnamese Revolutionary (later Head of North Vietnam, known as ‘Uncle Ho’) and renowned Chinese General Liu-Po-Cheng at Saigon in which Netaji was also present. American Intelligence
officer and War correspondent of Chicago Tribune, Mr. Alfred Wagg and Bishop of Dalat saw Netaji in Saigon, after declared death. Mr. Wagg also took some photographs of Netaji and later met with Nehru, Gandhi, Sarat Bose and others and told that he saw Subhas at Saigon, after the news of Plane Crash.(other reference:
Sunday Observer, London dated 2.9.1945)
• Up to 21 August 1945, Netaji stayed at Dalat, 10 miles away from Saigon, the Headquarter of Japanese Quantung Army in South East Asia with Field Marshal Terauchi. •
On 22 Aug. 1945, Japanese Quantung Army, led by General Otozo, finally, surrendered to General Alexander Varsilovsky of Russian Red Army in Manchurian
Capital, Harbin, as pre-arranged plan because both Japan and USSR did not want Anglo-American entry in Manchurian Region.
On 23 August 1945, Netaji reached Dairen (Manchuria) at 1.30 p.m. from Saigon in a Japanese Bomber Plane along with General Shidei, General Otozo and Lt. General Hikosaburo. They entered Russian occupied territory ‘Mukden’ with General Shidei and others in a jeep. After 3 hours jeep returned to Dairen and informed to the pilot of
the plane who then flew back to Tokyo.
Netaji was received at Mukden by Russian Emissary and Kato Kachu – the Consulate of Provisional Government of Free India at Omsk office in Russia. USSR had allowed
a center of Provisional Government of Free India at Omsk in spite of being an ally to USA and UK in Second World War.
Office, London (ii) File INA 273 Exhibit 242, page-12 Ref: (i)WO 203/4673HS/SEAC/591 dated 19.10.1945 Public Records
On 23 August 1945, General Isoda informed Shri Sengupta (Bose’s aide) “Don’t worry,
His Excellency Subhas Chandra Bose is in safe custody”
• • On 23 August 1945, Japanese Broadcasting Agency declared death of Netaji in plane crash. This declaration was made after ensuring Bose’s entry to Russian Territory.
Field Marshal Wavell wrote in his diary “Japanese Announcement of Subhas Chandra Bose’s
death in an Air- Crash…I suspect it very much…it is just what should be given out if
he (Subhas) meant to go underground.”
• Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia, Admiral Mountbatten constituted a team comprising his most able Secret and Intelligence officers: Intelligence Bureau Deputy
Director –Finney and his assistants Davis, A K Roy, Kalipad Dey, and “Rai Bahadur” Bakshi Badrinath to catch Bose alive. The team, after intensive investigations, reported that “Bose has gone underground to reappear
at the correct psychological moment.”
Reference: (i) Doc. No. 10005/3/GSI (b),The British library, Oriental and India Office Collection, London (ii) American Intelligence Reports about the activities of Netaji during17-25 August 1945 and (iii) Letters from General Mc Aurthur to American President Truman during17-31 August 1945
Again it was a big slap on the British by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
Philip Finney (who knew Subhas Chandra Bose from the days as Superintendent of Police in Bengal) was sure that Subhas has made his way to Russian occupied Territory. But the British allowed the wide circulation of Bose’s death only to keep Indians’ morale low at that time.
• On 23 August 1945, Sir R. F. Mudie (Home Member of Wavell Govt.) sent a note to Sir E. M. Jenkins (PS to Viceroy Wavell) for consideration of British Cabinet on “Treatment of Bose” Ref: Transfer of Power (to India), Vol. VI, Pages 138-139 Mudie proposed: One of the most difficult questions that will confront Home Department in the near future is the treatment of Subhas Chandra Bose… Indian masses have deep admiration and respect for Subhas Bose …
Options are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Bring him back to India and try him either for waging war or under the enemy agents Have him tried by a court in Burma or Malaya for waging war against the king in that Have him tried by a military court outside India. Intern him in India. Intern him in some other British possession, e.g. Seychelles Islands ordinance. country.
Leave him where he is and don't ask for his surrender .
I do not think that there is any chance of Bose being hanged if he is tried in India. The
pressure for his release would be too great; and also his trial would result in great publicity for his doings, motives, etc.
It is extremely unlikely that the Government of Burma, which is engaged in appeasing the
Burma National Army, would agree to try Bose and even more likely that if they did, they would hang him. The Government of Malaya might possibly have no such scruples and we might get a hanging if His Majesty's Government agreed to ignore agitation in India and Parliament however strong. But a trial in Singapore would cause almost as much agitation in this country as a trial here, unless it was held in camera and no news released till after his execution. But in that case we would be accused of judicial murder.
In many ways the easiest course would be to leave him where he is and not ask for
his release. He might, of course, in certain circumstances, be welcomed by the Russians. This
course would raise fewest immediate political difficulties, but the security authorities consider
in certain circumstances his presence in Russia would be so
dangerous as to rule it out altogether.
10. The choice seems to be between deporting and interning Bose outside India or trying him in India and commuting the death sentence. The two might be combined and Bose deported (or "transported") after conviction. Yours sincerely, R.F. Mudie
On 25 October 1945, Clement Attlee, Stafford Cripps and Penthik Lawrence (Secretary of State for India) discussed above issue and decided not to ask Russia for Bose’s surrender.
• • •
On 25 Nov. 1945, Indian community in Russia had a meeting with Bose.
(Ref: British Intelligent Report- PRO.WO.203/804 from HQ Army to SACSEAI2060.ISUM No. 21)
On 20 Dec. 1945, a Japanese newspaper reported that Bose has reached Soviet Territory.
An Asian Liberation Army was formed by Netaji with the support of Russia towards the end of 1945 and in early 1946, involving Warlords’ troops of about
15,00,000 men of former Japanese puppet Government in Manchuria (who joined Kuomintang army of Chiang-Kai-Shek after World War II and discharged under Marshal Plan). Indians, Chinese, Burmese, Indochinese, Malayans, Indonesians, Philppinese, Siamese, present in that region, all joined this army. This army was equipped with huge stock pile of Japanese Weaponry hidden in secret depots in remote and hard to reach areas all over Manchuria which was enough to sustain 7,00,000 troops (which surrendered to USSR in August 1945) for 3-4 years. The Warlords troops had an experience and training to handle Japanese Weaponry and knew exactly where the secret depots of arms were existing in Manchuria. Later, this army helped Chinese Communist Party (CCP) under Mao-Tse-Tung in his Revolutionary War, against Chiang-Kai-Shek, with 5,00,000 troops, 49 Howitzers, 300 Heavy mortars, 3700 Artillery pieces, 900 Aircraft, 97 Canons, 700 Tanks, 12,000 Machine guns, several lakhs Rifles and artillery rounds. Chinese Communist Party (CCP) could succeed in Chinese Civil War only because of this help, otherwise nobody was expecting their success up to January 1946 which had not more than 50,000 men by then. This was the reason why Netaji preferred to reach Manchuria to continue his fight for India’s freedom. Netaji was planning to use this army and huge stock pile of Japanese arms to liberate India before his detention in Irkutsk Gulag towards the end of 1946.
Netaji made three Radio Broadcasts on 26.12.1945, 01.01.1946 & 19.02.1946 from Radio Manchukio, Russian Territory. In his 3rd Broadcast, Netaji mentioned to come to India with the
help of Russia and with Asian Liberation Army in the early part of 1947. He also warned British not to harass his men of INA: “… We are under the shelter of one of the great powers of the world… The
battle of freedom is not easy… We are sure to be successful within the next two years… I
will go to India on the crest of a Third World War and sit in the judgment upon those who are trying my officers and my men at Red Fort…”
Ref: (i) Shri P. C. Kar - the Radio Monitor of then Bengal Governor Sir Richard G. Casey, (ii) PM Office File No. 870/11/P/16/92-POL page 21-22) requisitioned by the Mukherjee Commission again and again but not provided by the Govt. of India and (iii) London correspondent of ‘Dainik Sevika’, dt.18th March 1946, a daily published from Malaya.
On 30 December 1945, Gandhi said “Subhas Bose is alive and hiding somewhere”. Sharat Bose also expressed the same view. Gandhiji publicly stated at many occasions that Netaji was alive and would return to India.
• • •
On 31 Dec. 1945, The National Herald reported that Bose is in Russia. In Russia, Netaji assumed the pseudo name of ‘Ghijai/Khilsai Malang’ In March 1946, Russian Vice Consul General in Tehran Mr. Maradoff disclosed
that Bose is in Russia where his is secretly organizing a group of Russians and Indians to work for India’s freedom.(Ref: Report C-4,
Delhi) Part IV dated 8 April 1946, National Archive
On 2nd May 1946, Norman Smith, Director of IB, had information about Netaji’s presence in Russian Territory.
115/24 POI (S) Ref: Indian Political Intelligence, office secret with 2227,Vol (8)
German journalist Raimund Schnabel told Emilie Schenkl (Wife of Netaji) that Netaji was in Soviet Union after August’1945
In August 1946, Stalin and his Politbureau members (Voroshilov, Vyshinski, Mikoyan and Foreign Minister- Molotov, discussed “Should Bose be kept in Russia?”
During the period of August-October 1946, many documents referred that British High officials and UK Cabinet headed by Clement Atlee were discussing how Bose to be eliminated without taking recourse to judicious killing.
Finally, both New Delhi and London agreed that best course of action will be to leave Bose in Russia itself and not bring him back to India.
Indian and Soviet Governments were and are quite highly conversant with the TRUTH and have got conformable documents.
Whose ashes are (were) lying in Renkoji Temple (Japan)?
• The ashes belong to a Japanese soldier- Ichiro Okura, who died of heart failure on 19th August 1945 (4 PM). Top Secret PMO File of Nehru days that was sent to Mukherjee Commission by mistake, clearly indicates that so called “Ashes and remains” of Netaji were received in 1954
from Japan when Prime Minister Nehru was holding the charge of External Affairs. Then what is enshrined in Renkoji temple? For what India is paying for more than last so
Why Netaji preferred Manchuria as a place for his escape than to surrender to Allied Forces at Singapore or a hiding in China/Tibet?
Manchuria was practically under Japanese control since 1937, colonized by the Japanese after the invasion of Manchuria, acting as buffer zone to defend Japan from Russia, and with Japanese investments and rich natural resources, Manchuria
became an industrial powerhouse. It was a large reservoir of Japanese Weapons.
• During August 1945, Manchuria had presence of Kwantung Army (Japan ), Kuomintang troops of Chiang Kai-shek, groups of People Liberation Army (Communist Party of China) and then Red Army (Russian) took over the command almost without any resistance.
Such an area was
ideal for Netaji’s future plans as all these groups were at war among themselves but friendly to him, rather Netaji was seen as a potential mediator between them as a strong anti-imperialist and pro-Asian Leader.
• After the decision of surrender of Japan, Japanese troops were ordered to surrender, preferably, to Kuomintang troops of Chiang Kai-shek and not to the Communists present in Manchuria. That
time, Japanese could have thought to give up Japan but not to give up Manchuria because the later was so vital for them, as they had stockpiled large amount of weapons (enough to sustain more than 7,00,000 troops for several years) in hidden remote and hard-toreach areas all over Manchuria and more than 200 submarines. For example, a single secret depot typically contained as much as 1,50,000 artillery rounds.
Soviet Union invaded Manchuria after its declaration of war against Japan on 10th August 1945 and launched the mammoth
Operation August Storm.
This operation put USSR in occupation of all of
Manchuria at the end of the war. Consequently, the 7,00,000 Japanese troops still stationed in the region surrendered, starting from 22 August 1945. • Later, the Soviets captured a large quantity of Japanese weaponry, the majority of the Japanese stock survived as the rural and hard-to-reach areas were ignored. Later these arms from
Japanese arms depots, were used by Chinese Communists in Civil War of China.
The Soviets systematically dismanted the entire Manchurian industrial base (worth up to 2 billion dollars at that time) and shipped it to their war-ravaged country. •
An Asian Liberation Army was formed by Netaji towards the end of 1945 and in early 1946 with the support of Russia, involving Warlords troops of about 15,00,000 men of former Japanese puppet Government in Manchuria (who joined Kuomintang army
of Chiang-Kai-Shek after World War and discharged under Marshal Plan) . Indians, Chinese,
Burmese, Indochinese, Malayans, Indonesians, Philppinese, Siamese, present in that region, all joined this army. This army was equipped with huge stock pile of Japanese Weaponry hidden in secret depots in remote and hard to reach areas all over Manchuria which was enough to sustain 7,00,000 troops (which surrendered to USSR in August 1945) for 3-4 years. The Warlords troops had an experience and training to handle Japanese Weaponry and knew exactly where the secret depots of arms were existing in Manchuria. Later, this army helped Chinese Communist Party (CCP) under Mao-Tse-Tung in his Revolutionary War, against Chiang-Kai-Shek, with 5,00,000 troops, 49 Howitzers, 300 Heavy mortars, 3700 Artillery pieces, 900 Aircraft, 97 Canons, 700 Tanks, 12,000 Machine guns, several lakhs Rifles and artillery rounds. Chinese Communist Party (CCP) could succeed in Chinese Civil War only because of this help, otherwise nobody was expecting their success up to January 1946 which had not more than 50,000 men by then. This was the reason why Netaji preferred to reach Manchuria to continue his fight for India’s freedom. Netaji was planning to use this army and huge stock pile of Japanese arms to liberate India before his detention in Irkutsk Gulag towards the end of 1946.
• One can well read the mind of Netaji when he told his people on 14 August 1945 and decided a escape to Manchuria, –
“Japan’s surrender is not Indian’s surrender. We
will keep on fight for our freedom. Roads to India are many” Netaji
used to say - “A true revolutionary is one who never acknowledge ‘defeat’, who never feels depressed or disheartened. He believes in the justice of his cause.”
Why Stalin did not help Netaji openly during his stay at USSR in spite of accepting his Plan (for fighting India’s freedom) in second week of August’1945?
• During the period of late 1930s to early 1950s, USSR adopted a policy of typical diplomatic relations with other countries and political groups of the world, besides spreading communism and consolidating its position. During April 1939 to June 1940, USSR and NAZI Germany made all their efforts and agreements with each other. On 23th August 1939, they signed a MUTUAL NONAGRESSION TREATY for a period of 10 years extendable by 5 more years with a resolve not to help any third power against any one of the TWO. On 12 July 1941, USSR and UK signed an Agreement at MOSCOW to
declare: “(1) The two Governments mutually undertake to render each other assistance and support of all kinds in the present war against Hitlerite Germany. (2) They further undertake that during this war they will neither negotiate nor conclude an armistice or treaty of peace except by mutual agreement.” On 26 May 1942, USSR and UK re-enforced above Agreement with a
20 years Mutual Assistance Agreement signed at LONDON to declare:
“… for joint action in a war … provide mutual military and other assistance in the event of attack on either by Germany or any other States in Europe…” AND “… not to conclude any alliance and not to take part in any coalition directed against either of the TWO...”
In October 1943, the governments of USA, UK, USSR and CHINA had
made a JOINT FOUR-NATION DECLARATION at MOSCOW:
“… those of them at war with a common enemy will act together in all matters relating to the
surrender and disarmament of that enemy…”
“… Fascism and all its evil influence and configuration shall be completely destroyed …” “… Fascist chiefs and army generals known or suspected to be war criminals shall be
arrested and handed over to justice …”
In POTSDAM (Berlin) Conference held during 17 July-2 August 1945,
USSR, USA and UK decided:
“… Nazi leaders, influential Nazi supporters and high officials of Nazi organizations and institutions and any other persons dangerous to the occupation or its objectives shall be arrested and interned …” “…more than nominal participants in its activities and all other persons hostile to Allied purposes shall be removed from public and semi-public office and from positions of responsibility in important private …” “…The Three Governments reaffirm their intention to bring these criminals to swift and sure justice. The trial of these major criminals should begin at the earliest possible date …”
“… our resolve, All mean the inevitable and complete destruction of the
Japanese armed forces …
unconditional surrender of all Japanese armed
forces OR prompt and utter destruction (of Imperialist Japan) …”
• As early as 29th June 1942, British Ambassador in Moscow, Mr. Archibald handed
over an appeal of the British Government to the Soviet Minister of External Affairs, Mr. Molotov stating: “His Majesty’s Government have good reason for believing that Subhas Chandra Bose, the Notorious Political Hindu Agitator, who is now in Germany, is shortly planning to leave for South East. His Majesty’s Government would be grateful if the Soviet Government would take all possible steps to watch for attempt by Bose to enter the territory of Soviet Union, and in the event of his so doing, to detain him.”
such a situation, it was quite difficult OR almost impossible for
Stalin and Russians, to help Netaji and present him openly before the world (although he was needed and hided by Russians) because
(a) Russians were bound with numerous Treaties with UK and USA, otherwise an open conflict between USSR and Allied Forces was inevitable.
(b) NETAJI had been associated, OF COURSE FOR INDIA’S FREEDOM ONLY and not for personal gains, with all the three: FASCIST ITALY, NAZI GERMANY and NATIONALIST JAPAN. Nationalist Japan, the old enemy of Russians, was Netaji’s most friendly nation in World War II. (c) Netaji would have been tried as ‘WAR CRIMINAL’ (although, his name was not kept in the list of War Criminals because of two reasons: (i) he was a Freedom Fighter and not a War Criminal as per the extant definition given by United Nations, but definition could have been modified if required (ii) Allied Countries maintained a status of ‘a dead person without formally declaring dead from their side’ for Netaji; after considering all possible options for his punishment) (d) Russians, those days, were advantageously negotiating their interests with Allied Powers in Eastern Europe and Asia regions. (e) After persuading to become a communist, Russians could have known well that
Netaji, as a Spiritual
Extremely High Caliber, once with his people (in India) will not listen to them (Russians) or anybody against national interest of India and Russians would no longer be able to farther Russian interests in India or even South East Asia because of his unique position in India and South East Asia. Has Netaji tried to disclose his identity, once reached safely in Russian Territory?
• Netaji wrote a letter to Nehru in December 1945 stating that he was in Russia and he wished to come to India via Chitral (now in Pakistan). He asked Nehru to make arrangements for his come back. Gandhiji was also aware of this letter. (Ref: Top Secret File No. •
273/INA Document C-4, Part VI, National Archive, New Delhi and File No. 10/Misc/INA/Page 38-39 handed over to Shahanawaj Committee)
One can see the political wisdom of Netaji when he broadcasted his speeches dated 26.12.1945, 01.01.1946 19.02.1946 from Radio Manchuria (Russian Occupied Territory): “… We are under the shelter of one of the great powers of
the world… The battle of freedom is not easy… We are sure to be successful within the next two years… I will go to India on the crest of a Third World War and sit in judgment upon those who are trying my officers and my men at Red Fort”
(Ref: (i) Shri P. C. Kar - the Radio Monitor of
then Bengal Governor Sir Richard G. Casey, (ii) PM Office File No. 870/11/P/16/92-POL page 21-22) requisitioned by the Mukherjee Commission again and again but not provided by the Govt. of India and (iii) London correspondent of ‘Dainik Sevika’, dt.18th March 1946, a daily published from Malaya).
The purpose of disclosing his whereabouts at this stage was multifold: (i) to indirectly demand active support of Russians, once they have given shelter, (ii) to motivate Indian rebels to get back to work, (iii) to communicate Britishers that donot take Subhas as dead and do not harass his INA men, (iv) to warn his contemporary politicians in India not to agree for partition of India and to take side of Britishers anymore (v) to communicate Allied Forces on behalf of Russians that a third World War is inevitable if Russians are not given their due share/weightage as per POTSDAM AGREEMENT or OTHERWISE in Post- II World War situation etc.
Why did not Netaji return to India even when there were Communal Riots in India during 1946-1948, India was being partitioned and India got Freedom on 15th August 1947?
There is overwhelming evidence came to light showing that Gandhi and Nehru were directly involved in the International Conspiracy to keep Netaji away from India in crucial time.
In December 1945, Nehru received a letter from Bose in which he wrote that he was in Russia and he wished to come to India via Chitral. He asked Nehru to make arrangements for his come back. Gandhiji was also aware of this letter.
(Ref: Top Secret File No. 273/INA Document C-4, Part VI, National Archive, New Delhi and File No. 10/Misc/INA/Page 38-39 handed over to Shahanawaj Committee)
On 27 Dec. 1945, Nehru sent a letter to Clement Atlee to inform him that Shri Bose has been given shelter by Stalin. He (Atlee) should take up the matter with Stalin:
Dear Mr. Attlee, I have come to know from a reliable source that Subhas Chandra Bose, your war criminal, has been allowed to enter Russian territory by Stalin. This is a clear treachery and betrayal of faith by the Russians. As Russia has been an ally of the British-Americans, it should not have been done. Please take note of it and do what you consider proper and fit. Yours sincerely, Jawaharlal Nehru • Nehru wrote Mountbatten that Subhas Bose should not be allowed to return until
India is partitioned. (Ref: Ex-Colonel of INA- Lakshami Sehgal’s interview to Mr.V. P. Saini dated 13.07.1992)
• Gandhi, the MAHATMA and FATHER OF NATION of India, a follower of SATYA and AHIMSA
and a GREAT MAN OF CENTURIES and what not, asked help from USA to stop Netaji from returning to India: On 22 July 1946, Khurshed (Ben) Naoroji, a secretary of Mahatma Gandhi wrote a Letter to Prof. Louis Fischer, an American journalist to prevail upon the US president for exerting pressure on UK to immediately concede freedom to India mentioning “At heart, Indian (British) Army is Sympathic with the Indian National Army (INA). If Bose comes to India with the help of Russia, neither Gandhi nor the Congress will be able to reason with the country …” If Russia declares itself an Asian country there will be no hope for European alliance with India” …
• On 28 August 1946, V. G. Sayadyant, a Soviet secret agent operating in Bombay was
called by Nehru and handed over a secret letter for Stalin to be handed over personally to him seeking Stalin’s support. V. G. Sayadyant also submitted a report dated 1st September 1946 on political situation of India and possible hope of Russian alliance with Subhas Bose.
• In September 1946, on instruction of Nehru, Krishna Menon (a known Communist and KGB
agent) met Molotov (then Soviet Foreign Minister) in Paris for hours to bargain over the issue of Bose and assured him to push Russian interest in India. (Ref: Communication between Viceroy Wavell and
India Office, London)
• It is understood that after a lot of pressure from UK and a secret
arrangement between USSR, USA, UK and contemporary politicians of India, sometime in the later part of 1946 (definitely after October 1946 as per Russian secret records), Stalin ordered Netaji’s detention in a VIP Camp- in Cell No. 45 of Irkutsk Gulag
near Baikul Lake and Ural Mountains. Indian Revolutionary Abani Mukherjee was kept in Cell No. 53 in the same camp.
Ref: (i) Confirmation by Shri Goga (son of Shri Abani Mukherjee) to Dr. Satyanarayan Sinha (former Indian Ambassador to Russia) (ii) Confirmation to Press at Delhi by Ms. Swetlana (daughter of Stalin) and Page 112 of classified Top Secret File No. 2(64)/56-68-PM
• In January 1948, Dr. Radhakrishan went to Russia in a delegation to participate in philosophical conference. Dr. Radhakrishan was allowed to meet Netaji. Netaji asked him to make
arrangements for his return to India. Mr. Radhakrishnan told this to higher-ups (Nehru) on his return. Dr. Radhakrishan was warned, not to disclose the matter and was promised the post of Vice-President and after Dr. Rajendra Prasad he was made President.
• Netaji was seen in Siberia VIP camps (Irkutsk) by Zerovin in 1948, a German who knew Bose from Germany days.
Zerovin told Mr. Ardendu Sarkar (a witness deposed before Mukherjee Commission) that Bose was looked after well and was given a car and personal attendant at that time.
Zerovin asked Bose, “ What is your programme, Sir. Are you going back to India?” Bose replied, “I expect it very soon.” • In the meantime, most of the past associates of Netaji and his nears & dears were posted to high offices in India and abroad by Nehru Government. • It is understood that, in Siberian Camps, Netaji was initially tried to indoctrinate in Communism
using some basic techniques to break him down to fall in Soviet lines but after Independence of India, he was looked after well. Netaji was released from Irkutsk Gulag (Cell No:
45) in Sept’1949; as by then War Criminal trial was over, People’s War in China was towards its end, and cold war started between USA and USSR. At this time
Russian could afford his controlled release as they never treated Netaji as their enemy
(Bhagwanji told later that Stalin did not treat me as an enemy).
question of his coming back to India during October 1946-
September 1949 does not arise? Although he was always willing to come to his motherland.
Some people say that he was in China. How could that be true?
On 1st October 1949, Mao-Tse-Tung took power and proclaimed People’s Republic of China. • Netaji was welcomed in Red China of Mao-Tse-Tung.
On 7th October 1949, lead story in daily ‘The Nations’ was that Government of India has definite information that Netaji is in Red China of Mao-Tse-Tung.
In 1949, British Parliament discussed the issue of Netaji Bose being alive in China and preparing for war against British with the help of Russia and China.
On 28 Nov’1949, German News Agency “Interpress” declared Netaji’s
presence in China. (Babu Bose: The Man Behind Asian Liberation Front) •
Muthuramalingam Thevar, a Forward Bloc leader and close associate of Netaji stayed with Netaji in China from January to October 1950 on advice of Shri Sarat Chandra Bose and Government of India was aware of his “illegal” trip to China without passport. Shri Thever said that Netaji was present in China as head of Asian
Liberation Army headquartered at Sikiang Autonomous Region of China (Tibet) on China-Assam border.
In January 1950, China and USSR recognized Ho-Chi-Minh’s Democratic Republic of Vietnam. China started sending Military Advisors and modern weapons to Vietnam. Netaji was the Chief Military Advisor to Viet-Minh Army.
On 22 April 1950, Col. Laxmi Sehgal told Leonard Gordon (the writer of “Brothers Against The Raj”) that Bose is now in China rather than being in Russia.
Photographs in a book written by Shri Syamal Basu indicate Netaji’s presence in Peking in 1952. There is a photograph of Netaji with Mao-Tse-Tung and Zhou-En-Lai at Nanking near Red river. Netaji was also seen in conference of Mongolian Trade Union Congress at Peking on 8th August 1952.
• • • • •
On 5th March 1953, Stalin died.
Korean War ended on 27th July 1953, dividing country into Communist North and Democratic South. On 29th April 1954, Nehru signed ‘Panchsheel Pact’ with China on ‘Trade and Intercourse’ between India and the Tibet Region of China. In last week of June 1954, Zhou-En-Lai paid his first visit to New Delhi at the invitation of Jawaharlal Nehru. Zhou-En-Lai was given welcome on mass scale for four days. On 20th July 1954, Geneva Accords (USA, UK, China, USSR, France, Viet Minh and Bao Dai, Cambodia and Laos) divided Vietnam into North and South Vietnam.
In October 1954, Ho Chi Minh returned to Hanoi (North Vietnam) after a hide of 8 years in jungle.
In 3rd week of October 1954, Jawaharlal Nehru visited China and had secret talks with Mao-Tse-Tung and Zhou-En-Lai on 19th October 1954.
• A division of Asian Liberation Army headed by a ‘Missing Indian General of Second World War’ (read Subhas Bose) fought shoulder to shoulder with VietMinh in Vietnam War. (Ref: Sensational disclosure made by Robert Mac Namara, United State Defense
Secretary and then by his successor Clark Clifford (United State Defense Secretary) during an International Conference in Jakarta held in May 1970).
• During 1950-54, Netaji not only advised China in internal and international affairs but also Netaji’s Asian Liberation Army helped Korean and Vietnam War efforts. It is said that
Mao structured progress of China in Netaji’s way. This fact may surprise many
Indians that China was eager to resolve border issue with India through peaceful talks accepting McMohan Line as border, as she did later with Burma, Nepal (with minor adjustments) and with Pakistan (even by giving away 750 square miles territory). But starting from September 1951 (during the period when Netaji was in China), in spite of repeated letters and statements from Zhou-En-Lai (stating “China is not willing to fight with India”), Nehru ignored the issue and adopted an external policy of appeasement towards China but internal ‘Forward Policy’ of establishing the check-posts along (and even crossing) McMohan Line basically to keep a vigil on Netaji’s entry to India from that side, on advice of Shri BN Mullick, then Director of Intelligence Bureau.
It is understood that after the death of Stalin, China was pressurized to eliminate Netaji but Mao sounded Netaji. Now, neither Imperialist Bloc Countries nor Communist Bloc Countries could be his abode. USSR and China did not want another confrontation with USA and Western Allies after Korean and Vietnam wars. Keeping in view these developments in Asia and apprehending India’s fate similar to Korea and Vietnam (another division), if he (Netaji) surfaced out in political life again, Netaji withdrew himself from political scene of the world and took SANYAS in Tibet. After sometime, he went to Nepal passing through Kailash-Mansarovar and then deciding to live OR die in his own Motherland (India) itself (rather in some foreign country), towards the end of 1954, Netaji as a ‘SANYASI’ entered India from Nepal through Nepalganj with the help of Mahadev Prasad Mishra a Sanskrit teacher working in Nepal.
It is said that Netaji visited many places in several countries (Russia, Ireland, China, Korea, Vietnam, Burma etc.) during 1949 to 1954 in pseudo names and disguises.
Did Netaji ever return to India after Independence? Where did he stayed?
• Deciding to live OR die in his Motherland (India) itself rather in some foreign country, towards the end of 1954, Netaji as a ‘SANYASI’ entered India from Nepal through Nepalganj with the help of Mahadev Prasad Mishra a Sanskrit teacher working in Nepal. • Stayed, initially, in a rented house at Shringar Nagar in Alam Bagh area of Lucknow. But due to rent default, shifted to Khadia village near Lucknow in a ruined Shiva temple on the bank of River Gomati for next 6/7 months •
On 3rd April 1955, Mr. Muthuramalingam Thever told in a press conference “I will furnish conclusive proof that Netaji is alive, if Government of India declares publicly that Netaji’s name is not in the list of War Criminals”.
On 3rd Feb. 1956, Mr. Suresh Bose asked Mr. Nehru in a letter “…whether Netaji’s name is still in the list of “War Criminals” and whether Indian Government will handover him as a “War Criminal” if he is found on Indian soil”. Nehru Government never gave a satisfactory reply to this question. (Later Bhagwanji expressed, “A sanyasi wants a natural death under Holy
order of Hindu Religion and not as a War Criminal.”
Dr. Sampurnanand, then Chief Minister of UP was in touch with Parda Baba (Netaji in disguise) from Dec. 1954 to April 1957 and paid for his expenses.
• • •
In 1957, some people saw Netaji at Hardwar, where he met religious saints including Anandmayee Maa,
Choudhary Charan Singh often visited Parda Baba, Netaji in diguise. (Bhagwanji used to praise this Jat leader). However, Surendra Mohan Chaudhary, former King of Itawah, was his first disciple.
Towards the end of the year 1957, Parda Baba Shifted to Neemsar(-anaya) - a religious place in Sitapur District, with the help sought from Mr. Surendra Mohan in a old temple
Chaudhary, first in a Dharamshala for 2/3 months, and then campus of Shiv Mandir under Shivnarayan Panda •
In April 1962, Professor Atul Sen an Ex-MLA and a former associate of Netaji, met Parda Baba (Bhagwanji as known at Neemsar), and on his return to Kolkata, told historian Dr. RC Majumdar and Ex-INA secret service man, Dr. Prabitra Mohan Roy, about his meeting with Netaji.
On 28 August 1962, Atul Sen wrote Nehru – “… Mine is not only belief but actual knowledge
that Netaji is alive and is engaged in spiritual practice somewhere in India … He is
regarded ‘enemy number one’ of Allied Powers … If you ensure that Government of India shall resist any action against him as ‘War Criminal’… I may try to persuade him to return to open life.”
Nehru was already very much annoyed with Zhou-En-Lai as he came to know that Zhou-EnLai has not kept her promises of eliminating Netaji, rather allowed him to come to India. Relation between Zhou-En-Lai and Nehru was deteriorating after an explosion of Air India plane ‘Kashmir Princess’ on 11 April 1955, through an American Time Bomb MK-7 planted by Kuomintang secret agent’s, as Zhou had been scheduled to board this plane from HongKong, along with some prominent communist leaders/ journalists of China and East Europe, to attend Bandung Conference, but had changed his travel plans at the last minute. Nehru’s continued ‘Forward Policy’ of establishing check posts on Tibet-Assam border and closeness to America, Kuomintang and Dalai Lama on Tibet issue further irritated Zhou-En-Lai.
On 20 Oct.’1962 Chinese Army invaded India in response and declared unilateral cease-fire on 21 November 1962 after capturing a part of Assam and giving Indian forces a blow.
In December 1962, Dr. Prabitra Mohan Roy came to Neemsar and on his return informed Leela Roy (a friend and political associate of Netaji and Didi to revolutionaries of Bengal) on 7 January 1963 for help in buying some items for Bhagwanji.
In March 1963, the Godly Woman Anandmayee Maa ( revered by all Gandhi, Nehru and Bose) visited Bhawaganji at Neemsar.
On 23 March 1963, Leela Roy, Dr. Prabitra Mohan Roy, Samar Guha, Anil Das and Shailo Sen arrived Neemsar to meet Bhagwanji. On 25 March 1963, Bhagwanji told Srikant Sharma (a trusted man of Bhagwanji) to convey Leela Roy “My
coming out is not in country’s interest. It would not do anyone
any good if I emerged now” .
• • •
On 26 March 1963, Bhagwanji agreed to meet Leela Roy and handed over her a list of 13 items to be procured for him including cigars, a telescope and a Fowler/Oxford dictionary. In June 1963, Dr. Prabitra Mohan Roy again visited Neemsar with revolutionary Amal Roy and stayed there for 2 months. On 27 July 1963,
Leela Roy wrote to Netaji’s dearest friend Dilip Roy “Your
friend is alive and he is in India”
On 20th February 1964, CIA report narrates possibility that “Bose is leading the rebellious group undermining the current Nehru Government...”
In 1964, Bhagwanji wrote over the margin of a letter written to him by a revolutionary: “Bose is alive and he is a stubborn fellow.” After the death of Nehru on 27 May 1964 and Lal Bahadur Shastri becoming Prime Minister on 9 June 1964, Netaji (Parda Baba) with his three companions left Neemsar on 8 July 1964, and shifted to Shankar Niwas, Darshan Nagar,
Faizabad (an abandoned palace of Maharaja Ayodhya) • In 1965, Bhagwanji shifted to Lalkothi at Ayodhya (belonging to Sri Vishnu Narayan, a banker and multi-millionaire). Mahant Ram Saroop Das of Ayodhya and Swami Dr. Shankaranand Giri (a Bengali Sanyasi) were frequent visitors at this place. • Bhagwanji stayed at Prahlad Dharamshala Ayodhya from Dhanteras of
November 1974 (Nov.’ 1974 to 15 Jan.’1975) to the house of Panda Ram Kishore in Ayodhya. • Bhagwanji shifted to Gurudwara Brahmkund, Ayodhya (owned by Sardar Guru Bux Singh) and stayed there from 15 Jan. 1975 to 15 May’1978. • Bhagwanji shifted to abandoned Lucknow Kothi at Ayodhya after strange happenings at Brahma Kund Niwas and stayed there from 15 May’1978 to 1979. • In 1979, Bhagwanji moved to Chhotti Deokali (Lucknow temple) in Ayodhya. • In 1983, Bhagwanji moved to Ram Bhawan, Civil Lines, Faizabad in the house of Sardar Gurubasant Singh Sodhi. During this period, Dr. Mishra & Dr. Banerjee was in close touch with Bhagwanji (Netaji in disguise as confirmed by them). •
This is not just a story, persons like (late) Leela Roy, (late) Dr. Pabitra Mohan Roy (INA- Secret Service Man), (late) Sunil Das, (late) Sunil Krishna Gupta, (late) Samar Guha, Ex-MP, many
prominent Religious and Political leaders were in his touch but kept mum or could not create a condition for his return to Public life.
Parda Baba/Bhagwanji/Gumnami Baba had distinguished visitors such as then U.P. Chief Minister Dr. Sampoornanand, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri when he held high offices in U.P. as well as in Prime Minister of India, Senior Delhi, Choudhary Charan Singh Ex. Army Officers and many
others at nights, as told by eye witnesses to Mukherjee Commission and revealed by documents/books/diaries. •
Bhagwanji used to describe memoirs of Second World War and places like Calcutta, Kabul, Berlin, Stuttgart, London, Saigon, Singapore, Tokyo, Moscow, Siberia, Peking etc. just as everything was well known to him in a very natural way. Bhagwanji’s sermons were mostly about National/International
politics.He used to quote Indian and Western thinkers; and used to speak in Hindi, Urdu, English, Bangala (with visitors from Bengal) and had good knowledge of Sanskrit and German. • Bhagwanji used to blame Nehru-Gandhi dynasty for his ordeal.
B Lal Kapoor, a handwriting expert of repute, confirmed Mukherjee Commission that handwritings of Bhagwanji completely match with that of Netaji. These are from the same author.
Director of powerful Institute of Oriental Studies in Moscow, Babajan Gouffrav, a close friend and private aide of Stalin, admitted to Shri Rai Singh, an Indian diplomat, that Stalin had kept Netaji in Labour Camp of Siberia as a bargaining chip for future dealings with Britain and India. Stalin depended on Gouffrav for any issue related with South East and Central Asia especially China, India and Tibet.
In Sept. 1993, Former Soviet General A. Rackov wrote in Russian magazine “Asia and Africa” that Subhas Bose was held as prisoner in Russia. Sri Bijoy Kumar Nag (adopted son of Mrs. Leela Roy) met “Bhagwanji” during 1970-75 at Raja Maidan, Purani Basti and during 1976-77 at Brahmakund, Ayodhya and sent various articles during 1963 to 1985 that were found in belongings of Gumnami Baba at Ram Bhawan, Faizabad.
On 16/17 September 1985 night, Bhagwanji was shifted to a SAFE PLACE with limited belongings as he was above 88 years and having frequent health problems.
(Most probably to an Ashram/Place either near Chennai OR in Siliguri OR at Mujaihna Forest, Thangaon, Sitapur Distt. OR Shivpuri in MP -farmhouse of Col. G. S. Dhillon, exact information/sequence after 16th September1985 is not known)
• On 17 September 1985, it was declared that Bhagwanji has died out of
Cardio vascular failure at 9. 45 PM on 16 September 1985.
• On 18 September 1985, the doctor certified that Baba is dead. • On 19 September 1985, a bier like structure (saying that dead body has
swollen) was cremated at Guptar Ghat on the bank of river Saryu, Faizabad at 4 p.m. Nobody was allowed to have a look of the face. Dr. Banerjee, later on, disclosed that it was not the Bhagwanji whose body was cremated.
• In 1985-86, many local newspapers published sequential story that Bhagwanji is, in fact, Netaji in disguise; giving the reference of various persons those were in his touch. • Belongings of Bhagwanji (dozens of steel boxes containing documents and other articles) were going to be declared unattended (Lawaris). Lalita Bose, niece of Netaji (daughter of Suresh Bose) moved to court on 18 February 1986 for safe keeping of the belongings of Bhagwanji. • Series of secret meetings took place among senior officers of local civil administration, central intelligence agency and senior state officials. • Listing of Bhagwanji’s belongings was done. 2673 items, in 23 boxes, were indexed, preserved and moved to Faizabad Treasury. Lalita Bose, niece of Netaji (daughter of
Suresh Bose) identified handwritings on many items/papers as her uncle’s (Subhas Bose). Besides Empire Corona typewriter; news papers and
their cuttings; collections on Netaji’s Mystery; books on wideranging topics such as classical of Charles Dickens, Shakespeare, Sharat Chandra, Ravindranath Tagore, Omar Khayyam, Homar, Lewis Carroll, P G Wodehouse; books on India’s Partition, Russian Gulags, China War, Religion, Philosophy etc. in English, Bangala and Hindi; a magnifying glass used to read maps and 16x56
German Binocular of Netaji, AND original summons served to Shri
Suresh Bose by Khosla Commission was also found there. Shri Suresh Bose used to visit Eastern UP very frequently in his lifetime.
• Some of the items held by Bhagwanji were not found in the left over belongings in Ram Bhawan
(Faizabad) such as a Powerful Transmitter and a Gun seen with Bhagwanji by many.
Hopefully, someone must have also taken away an Autobiography, if any, written by Bhagwanji on his post 1945 life.
Why not Netaji did disclosed his identity and reappeared in Public Life in free India? How Nehru and his Government dealt with Netaji after knowing in late 1950s that Netaji was present in India?
This is the most common and obvious question. If Netaji was present in free India, why did not he come out in public life. Answers are many(i) Netaji was hinting towards this for quite long in South East Asia days, even when
he was the Supreme Commander of INA and Head of Provisional Govt. of Azad Hind.
Netaji has repeatedly and emphatically declared in his public
speeches in Southeast Asia that if the INA succeeded in
liberating India from British rule, he would toss over that freedom to the people, relinquish mundane pursuits to his countrymen to manage and retire into spiritual oblivion
We may see a part of his speeches those days:
(Ref: Open letter of Netaji to Mahatma Gandhi dated 3 July 1944 and then a public address from Rangoon dated 2 October 1944 on Birth day of Gandhiji).
“… In this mortal world
everything perishes and will perish, but the goals and aspirations are immortal. An individual may die so that the nation can survive. Let me die but let my motherland live on…”
(ii) Did we deserve his leadership? What to talk of general public;
Many of his close associates changed their loyalty towards Nehru in free India?
(iii) He never wanted a divided India and a loose form of democracy in
formative years of free India but a strong central rule to inculcate sense of discipline and learn values for running true democracy.
(iv) He wanted to build India somewhat in a way Swami Vivekanand had professed;
Spiritualism and Nationalism mingled with Samajvad and it was quite late to go in that direction with the set of leaders in command and turn India took after independence. Truely speaking, he hated Imperialism but also did like either Fascism or Communism in toto. He wanted a mixture of selective good things of all the systems for a rational, disciplined, modernized and strong India.
(v) He expected that if he surfaced out, contemporary politicians of India will try to
malign his image with lot of mud slinging on one or other account and may also take help of Foreign Countries. India will become a playground of Imperial Forces and Communists and as a result India will suffer havoc like China, Germany, Korea,
Vietnam in a Civil War.
Bhagwanji told Leela Roy in March 1963, “My coming out will not benefit anyone - the country, the people and myself… India at this stage would not be able to stand the pressure of the World Powers. Do not disclose my whereabouts to anyone or else nation will suffer”… “My coming out is not in India’s interest”. Netaji sacrificed his whole life in the devotion of his beloved motherland. Last phase of his life as Sanyasi/Parda Baba/Gumnami Baba/Bhagwanji in spiritual oblivion was just to save India from being a battlefield of Communist forces on one side and Anglo-American forces on the other side.
(vi) Only way to bring him to public life was if whole nation could have stand with him,
but it was decided by Indian leaders that if Netaji reappeared in India, he will be first declared as ‘Imposter’ and if that did not work, he will be handed over to Allied powers as ‘War Criminal’.
If you do not want to believe, see some samples:
In 1946, Gandhi, Jinnah, Nehru, Abul Kalam Azad etc. all top leaders agreed to handover Subhas Bose to the British if he appeared on Indian soil. (Ref: Deposition of a
witness before Khosala Commission)
In 1956, Govindballabh Pant, the then Home Minister, officially agreed to handover Subhas Bose to the British Government as “War Criminal” if he returns back to India in next 10 years. In 1966, the pact was renewed by Smt. Indira Gandhi.
Bhagwanji had confided in many, who came in his close contact, that he was not afraid of punishment he could get under the international law, but he hated the low level of politics prevailing in India and the turn India has taken after independence. He also felt that the new world order would have sought action against him, which Indians would have never allowed. Thus his appearance would create havoc to his country and sufferings to the people.
On 25 March 1963, Bhagwanji (Netaji in disguise) had told Srikant Sharma (a trusted man of Bhagwanji) to convey Leela Roy (a past political associate of Netaji and Didi to revolutionaries of Bengal):
coming out is not in country’s interest. It would not do anyone any good if I emerged now”.
It was (and is today also) very difficult to handle reaction of common people in what way they would react on the issue. They may put pressure on Govt. for many things even to re-write history of Indian Independence. There were numerous reasons in tandem. He was wise and intelligent enough to be the best judge of the whole international and domestic situation. He was sure that his re-appearance in public life will just amuse some people, but most of them will be silent spectators (as we are today), and it will not create any socio-political revolution that was once thought ‘as a must’ to build a strong and glorious India or country will burn in a civil war. A man of his dignity who was at the peak of his glory as Supreme Commander of INA and Head of a Government of AZAD HIND and having outstanding understanding of people, did not
think it worthwhile to again appear in public life once taken SANYAS. How Lal Bahadur Shastri was going to give Netaji his right place in Indian History before he was assassinated by giving poison in milk at Tashkent?
Late Jagdish Kodesia, a former Delhi Congress Chief who enjoyed close personal relations with Home Minister and then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, appeared before GD Khosla on March 1, 1971. Kodesia told the commission and at other occasions:
"… All my knowledge is based on my political connection with the high-ups and high leaders of the country, and working as special representative of the All India Congress Committee from 1954 to 1969…"
"… Shastriji was one person who did not believe in Netaji's death in the plane crash.” "… after Shastri became the Prime Minister, he was emphatically working that there should be a fresh probe into Netaji's disappearance." Lal Bahadur Shastri as Home Minister in Nehru Govt. was well aware of the whole issue. It is said that after the death of Nehru, he personally tried to persuade Netaji, to take over the reign but 67 year-old Netaji was in no mood to come out of Sanyas, once decided to be a Sanyasi. Lal Bahadur Shastri would have adopted other methods to seek his legitimate guidance for running the country but he became an object of untimely death. Although official reason given for the death of Shastriji was a cardiac attack but no postmortem was conducted and body had turned blue. It is open secret now that Shastri was murdered by giving poison in a glass of milk bought by Shri Jan Mohammad, a personal servant of Indian Ambassador to USSR, Mr.TN Kaul. This personal servant was never questioned or interrogated by any one in the Soviet Union or in India despite his being the prime suspect. How Indira Gandhi dealt with Netaji’s presence in India?
When Indira Gandhi took over as Prime Minister in 1966, Netaji (Parda Baba) had already attained an age of 69 years (old but healthy).
In early 1967, Samar Guha (a freedom fighter and then MP and Writer of ‘Is Netaji Alive’) and Sunil Krishna Gupta (the great Lawyer) stayed with Netaji for several months at Shrestha Kothi, Raja Maidan, Purani Basti. On 3 April 1967, Shri Guha raised the issue on the floor of the
Parliament vehemently. 370 MPs signed on the petition to thr President of India to constitute a fresh probe in Netaji’s disappearance. Indira Gandhi had to constitute one man Khosla Commission to hide Kartoot of Nehru and KGB, as Khosala was a personal friend of Nehru. •
In 1971, Indira Gandhi ratified International War Criminal Treaty with retrospective effect for 30 years (1945-75) to preclude any possible appearance of Netaji in Public Life.
Indira Gandhi managed to destroy 15 sensitive classified files in 1972 related to Netaji’s Disappearance, violating procedures. Mahant Ram Saroop Das disclosed that Bhagwanji also used to move in nights in a heavily curtained green Ambassador car (Regn. No: UTC-3817). Sometime, Bhagwanji used to remain out of that place for weeks. During this period Bhagwanji used to visit various places in India and even abroad like Vietnam.
In 1975, Bhagwanji told Dr. Priyabrat Banerjee (son of Dr. T. Banerjee):
“Despite having a
nation I have none, despite having a house I am homeless, and despite having a people I have none.”
How Janata Government dealt with Netaji’s presence in India?
On 28 August 1978, Shri Morarji Desai, then Prime Minister of India, rejected the conclusion of Shahanawaz Committee and Khosala Commission about Netaji’s death in Plane Crash (in August 1945) on the floor of the Parliament based on “Further Contemporary Official Documentary Evidence” received by Government. (Ref: Page 26 and 27 of
Top Secret File No. 2/64/78-PM))
In 1978, Mr. N.G. Gorey, then Indian High Commissioner in UK, asked Mountbatten “Why did you prefer to observe silence when it was known to you, to Nehru and the Soviet Government that Bose took asylum in the USSR.” Mountbatten replied, “… because British did not want to pick up a
quarrel with USSR and Nehru did not want to have a rival.”
• On 22 January 1979 Janata Party MP Sri Samar Guha released a photograph at a press conference saying, “I swear by God, Netaji is alive, healthy and free” and sent the photograph to many MPs (Ref: leading newspapers of India dated 23 Jan.’1979). Bhagwani did not like it,
became very angry with Samar Guha, never allowed him to meet again, severed
links with all his followers in Bengal, and decided to leave the place he was hiding in. Samar Guha said “If he does not want to come out, what can I do”
On 6th July, 1983, Morarji Desai told in a gathering “Bose is ALIVE and has taken SANYAS”. As an Ex-Prime Minister, he was able to go through all secret records about Netaji available with Indian Government; hence his views cannot be ignored.
What was attitude of Rajiv Gandhi Government towards Netaji’s presence in India?
• When Rajeev Gandhi took over as Prime Minister in 1984 after untimely death of Indira Gandhi, Netaji (Bhagwanji) attained an age of 87 years (suffering from frequent old age health problems). • It is understood that Rajeev Gandhi made all efforts to win over some members of Netaji’s family by all means even allotting land plots in Delhi and managed to put the Netaji’s Mystery under carpet, away from public knowledge, through Intelligence Agencies.
Why BJP led NDA Government did not helped Mukherjee Commission in revealing truth?
• NDA Government had to constitute Mukherjee Commission as per verdict of Kolkata High Court, but did not cooperated with the Commission set by its own Government. When NDA was in power, the PMO sent some “Top Secret/Secret” files to Mukherjee Commission on 24 July 2000 with a request not to publish their content.
(i) “1/27/91-Public” titled ‘Posthumous announcement of award of Bharat Ratna to
(ii) “1//12014/27/93-IS (D.III)” titled ‘Bringing the ashes of Netaji kept in Renkoji
Temple in Tokyo’
with Mukherjee Commission, mentioning in writing that disclosure of
these files will-
(i) Harm public interest (ii) Hurt sentiments of the people and may evoke widespread reaction (iii) Lower the image of Bose and
(iv)Adversely affect diplomatic ties with friendly countries Which are the most sensitive files related to Netaji’s Mystery in PM office, MHA, and MEA, which are denied to Mukherjee Commission?
• Some very crucial files (about 30 files) on INA & Netaji, originated in Nehru’s period, had been destroyed violating rules.
File No. 12 (226)/56-PM “Investigations into the
circumstances leading the death of Subhas Chandra Bose” was the most sensitive file out of about 30 files under personal possession of Nehru kept with the help of Md. Yunus and destroyed by him.
• Top Secret PMO Files 2(64)/56-66-PM (Vol. I to V), 2(64)/56-67-PM), 2(64)/5668-PM (Vol-III & IV Page 141-149 & 153), 2/64/78-PM-POL (Pages 16-20, letter of Dr. R C Mazumdar dated 3.2.1978), 2(67)/56-62-PM Vol. I & II, 2(64)/56-70PM Vol. V (Page 116-122), 23(II)/56-57-PM, 800/6/C/I/90-POL, 800/5/C/1/91POL, 800/5/C/2/91-POL, 870/11/P/16/92-POL(Pages 21&22, Broadcasts of Netaji), 870/11/P/10/93-POL etc. and other files present in Intelligence Bureau can provide
the details of whole mystery. These files are not provided to Mukherjee Commission by Government in spite of numerous reminders.
• There are two files in Ministry of Home Affairs containing inputs from RAW, COS, MEA, MHA and PMO; one file containing the report prepared by RAW dated 25 March 1994 (No. 11/1/94-IC-2829) based on “Classified KGB Records”.
What documents and why missionnetaji has asked under Right of Information Act?
• Please go through the wave site http://www.missionnetaji.org and particularly http://www.missionnetaji.org/page/rti_home.html for details.
What has been the stand of various political parties/organizations /public towards Netaji and the Mystery?
• Veteran Leaders knew the TRUTH, but most of them do not want to bring
it to public for reasons well known to them. INDIAN COMMUNISTS: They became dead against of Subhas when he was in Germany and Germany wagged a war against USSR. During World War II, they always helped Britishers and tried to malign image of Netaji. They were afraid of Netaji becoming head of free India. Now, due to public psyche in West Bengal, they try to patch up what all wrong they have done to Netaji. INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS: They were always dominated by Nehru family except for brief period of Shastriji and P V Narsimha Rao. Most of them cannot think beyond Nehru Family and have been witnesses to all wrong done to Netaji. BJP and old JANSANGH and SOCIALIST: They accept the Nationalism of Netaji but not his Revolutionary Left Thinking. Veteran leaders of RSS, JANSANGH, BJP and old Socialist Parties were aware of the TRUTH about Netaji, Some of them raised the issue several times but could not pursue up to conclusive end. FORWARD BLOC and other organizations any way related to Netaji: They do the formality of raising the issue but are not a political/social force in themselves. REGIONAL and OTHER PARTIES: Busy with their vested interests of most opportunist leaders, hardly concerned with the issue. PUBLIC: Most of Indian public is ignorant about Netaji, his actions and contribution to India’s Freedom. Those who know are busy in their bread and butter hardly bothered by the issue. A few are allergic to such issues at all.
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