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Kinematics and Circular Motion

# Kinematics and Circular Motion

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Physics
Physics

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05/23/2014

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# KINEMATICS AND UNIFORM CIRCULAR MOTION

Victorena II A. Diesta Pia Angeli Espartinez

-is a branch of classical mechanics that describes the motion of bodies and systems without consideration of forces that cause the motion. WHAT IS KINEMATICS? .

 Refers to a science studying the motion of rotating bodies without consideration of forces causing the motion. Axis of Rotation –.  Examples: Wheels of vehicles. electric fans.a line where a rotating object rotates about Rotational Kinematics . even simple body motions such as twirling a finger.

Displacement – the change in angular position. represented by ∆θ . Displacement – the change in position ROTATIONAL MOTION Position – choosing a point on the rotating object and noting the angle that a line from the axis to this point make with the reference line.Comparison of definition of terms: LINEAR MOTION Position – noting the location of an object with respect to its reference point.

we will assign the positive sign (+) of angular displacement to correspond to counterclockwise. As to distinguish angular displacement occurring in opposite directions. . and negative sign (-) for clockwise.

LINEAR MOTION Acceleration .ratio of the change in velocity to the time it takes for the change to occur ROTATIONAL MOTION Acceleration – ratio of change in angular velocity to the time it takes for the change to occur .

negative acceleration doesn‟t always mean the motion is counterclockwise.Remember! Positive acceleration doesn‟t always mean that the direction is positive. likewise. .

The greek letter „alpha‟ is used to represent angular acceleration. .

ROTATIONAL MOTION LINEAR MOTION Velocity – ratio of Velocity . related to how fast the object rotates fast the object moves.related to how time.ratio of displacement to angular displacement to time. .

VELOCITY Angular velocity is positive when the direction is counter clockwise. “omega” is used to represent angular acceleration. The lowercase Greek letter.negative when clockwise. .

.Something to Remember Rotational Motions which are counterclockwise are positive quantities while those which are clockwise are negative quantities.

.a common unit used in expressing angular positions and angular displacement It is defined such that when an object has rotated by 1 radian. the chosen point on the body would have traced an arc whose length is equal to the radius of the circular path.Radian .

we can get the total angular displacement when the arc length is 2(pi)r by ratio and proportion.When the point has completely traced a circle. . it has traveled an arc whose length is 2(pi)r .Since every arc length traced that is equal to the radius r corresponds to angular displacement of 1 rad.

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