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POWER OF
WILL

(Cornell HnioetHitg Slxhrarg

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Cornell Unlverslly Library

arW38982
Power
of will

3 1924 031 757 259
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Cornell University Library

The
tine

original of

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book

is in

Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright

restrictions in
text.

the United States on the use of the

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924031757259

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Atm
NOT
Trainini: in the well-known Ait), Scieuces or Biuinesso, but Cultivatioii o( die Real PeiwniJi^ for Succeashil Uvicg in &ny Art, Science or Biuineis.

The

Highest

Human

Science

ii

the Science of Ptactica! Indi-

viduai Culture.

The Hmhest Human Art
Self

is

the

Art

of

Making the Most of the
Science-Art of Success-

ana

it;

Career.
stands Supreme:

One Science-Art

The

ful Being, Successful Living, Successhil

Doin^

The Highway of Bodily and Mental HeeltL The Highway of Dauntless Couiage-Confidenoe^ The Highway of the Controlled Whirlwind. The I-Iighway of Symmetrically Gisat Will-Powcb The Highway of Various^ Growing Mind-Power. The Highway of Physical and Psychic Magnrtism. The Highway of Expanding Practical Abili^. The Highway of the Arthurian White Life.

Supreme Peraonal Well-Being and Actual Fmandal Bellennent.

Exactly

What to Do and How,to Do Exactly ThaL

"Power of Wai," fTravels Seven Highways). "Power for Success," (Travels ISght Highways), "The Personal Atmosphere," (Suggests all Hif^ways).
"Bnsiness Power," (Travels Seven Highways). "The Culture of Coiirage," (Travels Four Highv/ays). "Practical Psychology," (Travels Six f-tighways). "Creative Personality," (Indicates all i-lighwcys).

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one at move of 1I{* Eigi|t tl;« labor anb rrmariiB of of pprHonal btttgrmgnL

"Volume ©ne.

$oU)et

of

mill
M.S.,

Bv Frank Channing Haddock,

Ph.D.

Author of "Power for Success," "Culture oe Courage," "Practical Psychology,'* "Business Power," "Creative Personality,"

^ practical Companion
Poo& for tSntolbment
tA
ti)t

^otuersi of ilUnti.

3n

tifjree ^arte: EMBRACING

The Theory and

Practice of a Growing Will; Direct Control of the Personal Faculties; and Success in the Conduct of Affairs.

Two-hundred-fifty-fifth Edition
(

18,000 copies)

1918

Etje Helton ^uMtsiljmg
iHeriben, Conn.
(L. K. Fowi-F.R

Companp,

&

Co., 7 Imperial

Arcade, Lndgate Circus, London.)

w

Copyright, 1907, by

FRANK

C.

HADDOCK
MASS.

Al'BURNDALE,

Copyright, 1907

RECISTKRED AT STATIONERS

HALL,

London, England.

All Rights Reserved.

F.

TAPLKY
New YORK

CO.

TO d^tfrg? SluHBf 11 lEuQiv Unwavering Friend Master of Initiative Inspiration .

honestly try to secure mental reaction become a Teacher if you will upon it that is. ALL NOW RESTS WITH YOU!! IV . for this will make pleter OF ITS CONTENTS. a Teacher. But remember! This book cannot think for you. THAT IS THE TASK OF YOUR MIND. This book is not magical. it will make you a teacher of self. It will be Prophet of a higher and more successful living if its you will persistently and intelligently follow yourself a comManual of the Perfected Will. it will inspire you as a prophet of self brought to largest efficiency. If you will steadfastly go fcn through the requirements marked out. it. This book cannot hold you to persistence in selfculture. It is simply a call to practical and scientific work. this book will develop within you highest wishes of welfare for self. THAT IS FOR YOURSELF TO ACQUIRE BY THE RIGHT USE requirements. This book cannot give you greater power of Will. THAT IS THE TEST OF YOUR WiLL.^_ PREFACE THIS you will to Think into if bcois comes to you as a Well-wisher. It promises nothing occult or mysterious. resolve to THINK to Think with it and It will — . iand a Prophet.

The volumes of helpful. P in its field its the only kind of its class. plain. chosen the world. that virtue which. the only class in A number of writers.PREFACE TO THE REVISED EDITION "f^OWER OF WILL" has been a pioneer — the only book of kind. The study of these books will vastly multiply the power of the man or woman. even that of the humblest parasite. Take and confess if they are true knights of the larger age. have inspired the the evidences given present revision. the Power-Book Library have sought always to be clear." The kindness with which the book has been received. and abundance every mind may claim to live. its literary deficiencies being overlooked in view of its practical purpose. literary and other- have since followed the pathway thus pointed out. some of them exhibiting scant regard for magnanimity. but. The author bids all such. since our world life so great. with or without a school V . in its Take for their own that which birth is forbids creating. and by students that the work has helped many to a larger growth and a better self-handling. an' they cannot stand so high. " Many a frog masquerades in the costiune of a bird. seemingly demanded by the much-exploited " New Thought. practical. sane and and neither chicanery nor suspicious " occultism " has to the author been conscious in mind or mood or work." is without spiritual littleness and is ever fair in acknowledgments. wise.

provided he is of average intelligence. in the measure of effort and capacity. Mind-Power. This is a positive assur- — ance. but Library promises personal whether the student be educated or uneducated. As is the present edition goes to press there is an army This of over 100. of With thousands warm letters of praise from people in all walks of life who are being helped to a quick realization of their most cherished ambitions. there will unfold. the author been in vain. Preface Scholarship the does not necessarily mean power power." a record unequalled by any other book of a similar nature in the history of literature.vi education. the four great fundamentals Will-Power. good fortune attend both the book and the student.000 students of "Power of Will. To all who follow the instructions. feels that his long labor in preparing the following lessons has not And so. . Magnetism and Practical Ability.

In the field of awareness the phase of variation. self-determined un- Person acts behind the mask of body. The Rest- Will exhibits the law of discontent. But organized person is inherently restless. lessness of organism develops Will. or rises to mastery over them. hand for greatest jersqna]Lc. reason of external stimulus and by reason of psychic freedom.„. both by. In the subconscious realm of person the evolutionary phases of heredity. — Personal Personal life is a play between powers without and powers within the central function of Will. certain complex of our ways of being and doing constitutes mind. basic idea of person central factor in such is is The Will A unfoldment is Will. ends in subjection to such external powers. vij . is psychic person. — The goal of evolution The foldment.njpl£ten£Ss_ 2. Person unfolds by control and use of Will. the other on that of the subconscious. appears. exhibit. a way person has of being and doing. habit. established processes.STATEMENT OF GENERAL PRINCIPLES I. The Will must take itself in _ . Mind operates on two levels: one on that of awareness.o.. life .

— The Will grows by directed Exercise involves the use of ments — body. ^he noble Will is own instru- only method which can strengthen and enthat which puts into action itself in conjunction with its furniture. is certain to give to the Will mighty power. persistently followed. mind.Viii Statement of General Principles exercise. and to enlarge and enrich person. iThis method. its 3. the world. .

because it of far-reaching gives an entirely new It aspect to the momentous subject of Education. with its following specific reaction. we arrive at one of the most important of all conclusions. that is. but each repetition of the stimulus increases may the change. This be exceedingly slight after the first stimulus. but which can be stamped upon it as so many physical alterations in its proplasmic substance. which produces a fixed habitual way of working in it. by habit. M." by William Hanna Thomson. is "This well-demonstrated truth significance. artificially. It need not be which Nature gives fashioned with only the slender equipment of functions Instead. plastic left namely." would seem . until by constant repetition a permanent alteration in the nervous matter stimulated occurs. of function. that is.D.THE SCIENCE OF OUR PRESENT IDEAL THE " goal of the book before you may be pre- sented by the following quotations from " Brain and Personality. " From the facts which we have been reviewing. A stimulus to nervous matter effects a change in the matter by calling forth a reaction in change it. that the gray matter of our brains is actually and capable of being fashioned. it can be it at birth. the nervous matter acquires a special way of working. In other words. so that it may acquire very many new functions or capacities which never come by birth nor by inheritance. by education.

a training of the mind — as such. the more surely concentrated upon the alteration for im- provement of nervous matter and the development of mental powers rather than to the mastering of objective studies. so far as special mental functions or aptitudes are concerned. " Most persons conceive of education vaguely as only mental. Each such self-created brain center requires great labor to make it. because nothing but nically called. but sovereign use of the growing self. the prolonged exertion of the personal Will can fashion anything of the kind. or.X The Science of Our Present Ideal more direct the efforts to be perfectly evident that the of education become. as they are tech- which will make nerve work together as they could not without being thus associated. This the method of The Power-Book Library." And. practice. practice. association fibres. if only we have Wills strong enough to take the trouble. the Will stimulus will not only organize brain centers to perform new functions. with small thought that it involves physical changes in the brain itself ere it can become real and permanent. but will project centers new connecting. many of which must prove of little benefit in actual life. the ideal of which is not mastery of books. that attention is is to say. But as perfect examples of education as can be named are ultimately dependent upon the sound condition of certain portions of the gray matter which have been education. the its true goal — power more nearly in self all will education approach is and its ability for successful handling of self with powers. since the use of any ." " The brain must be modified by every process of true special " We can make our own brains. By practice. ' educated ' for each work.

The Science of Our Present Ideal xi tends to its growth. the Will is higher than the _Mind. It is the Will alone which can make material seats for mind. when completely effective. and men's opinions will follow suit. " In thus making an instrument for the mind to use. A man who habitually thinks according to purpose. Set the will right first. forward to take the command. and not according to reflex action. conindividual in this world. hence its rightful prerogative is to govern and direct the^mind. and therefore thinking according to Will. stitutes a purposive life. just as it is the prerogative of the mind to govern and -~ direct the body. " In short. " It is the Will. with such a that and who man? will care to measure strength all. as the ranking who should now step official of all in man. will then speak according to purpose. and when made they are the most personal things in the body. from the composition of a pebble to the elements of a fixed star. such labor as that suggested in the pages of this book cannot fail both to develop brain centers and also to unfold mind's power in Will. as soon as they have opportunities for knowing . once for men are not to be justified nor condemned by such superficial things about them as their opinions. ^nd. the world has yet to learn. for the life of the to the A mind always broken in sway of the Will. " It is the masterful personal Will which makes the human power By a human brain we mean one which has been slowly fashioned into an instrument by which the personality can recognize and know all things brain human. physical. We cannot over-estimate the priceless value of such direction.

is and it is his will alone which makes him responsible. " It is the will that makes the man. clothed with powers which will enable the greatest of all possessions — him to obtain Self- self-possession. can have any other possessions that he wants. but the will remaining perverted. whom much it all." And so in the foregoing you discover the reason and need for training your power to will. possession implies the capacity for self-restraint. What you in this world the lines of acdo with this mysterious substance the freedom with which tion which you open up in it — — — — — thought processes are allowed to operate — the skill and swiftness with which you transform the mind's .! xii The Science of Our Present Ideal better. Will direction explains tal What is the finest men- machine in this life without will power " That majestic endowment (the Will) constitutes the high privilege granted to each test man apparently to It is how much the man will make of himself. But one by one they lagged and suffered themselves to be outstripped by others. the start would reach the first perhaps few suspected at rank before them. not the op- portunities for knowing of an eternity will avail. if he live long enough. " Not a few of those whom they have known started out apparently well equipped. beinferior in mental cause they appeared so to the powers men whom ultimately they outdistanced wholly. " In fact man reigns here below only because he responsible." Your brain matter is your sole workshop for success and possibly the next too. and he who has these. so far as mental gifts and opportunities for education and of social position could enable them to go far and ascend high. self- compulsion and self-direction.

— all rests with your You have in your brain an inexhaustible wealth. which potentially lie dormant in human being. You can so develop your power of will that it will command the luxuries. . : " You are Well spake the philosopher who said architect of your own career.The Science of Our Present energy into visible reality Ideal xiii will. the marked every successes. the accomplishments." But the real wonthe der-worker that builds your life structure in this world is — POWER OF WILL.

CONTENTS CHAPTERS P^RT I.— The Will and Success. Chapter .

Chapter XXVI. "Speech" "Eloquence" "Knighted" ' . The Symmetrical Life . .. 338 340 354 "The "Sir Will of the Child" 368 390 Anyman" .391 prefatory matters. .. Chapter XXVII. Public Speaking 341 Control of Others The Child's Will 355 369 . Chapter XXVIII.. in 339 . — Contact With Other The Will People.Contents PAGE PART V. «0 "The Living Will" Will is the 2 Man" 16 "Balance" " Sense Joys " 32 48 64 78 96 "Be Master" " Heed Not Thy Moods " "The Great Psychic Flower" "The King" Resolution no 112 126 "The Riddle" "The Soul and the Ear" 140 152 "Taste" "The Fragrance" "Self and Worlds" 160 168 176 "Harmony" "The Hand" "Bubbles" "Health" -188 196 204 "Thy Self" "What Seest Thou?" Reads?" "Thought" "Remembered" " "Who 214 216 228 238 2S2 266 How Came Imagination ? " "Who Hath Wisdom?" 284 290 292 316 Quotation from Field "We Live By Sacrifice Alone" "'Tis Wise Surrender Crowns the King" . Chapter XXIX.

The Master ^Ift MuBtsv Spirit \ 9pmt txeeit&f nam (St bnuting tarce ta prabt Ita-BkiU: 3t Ijatlf tlf* *«rrt of (totttfr. (Sifsit taamit ilasn^tw WUL . % &un.

Part I—The Will and Success .

' O living Will. thou shalt all that endure When seems shall suffer shock. ." — Tennyson.

If there is one thing I have tried to do through these years it is to indent in the minds of the men of America the living fact that when they give Will the reins and say ' Drive they are headed toward the heights. The human Will involves mysteries which have never been fathomed. While differences obtain constitution. Disagreements as to interpretations do not destroy facts. and place an actual part of the and uses in our life are of transcendent importance. Conwell. Her voice is forever ringing through the marketplace and crying in the wilderness.. but no one calls in question the existence of this power. nevertheless. As a " faculty " of mind it is. Success has no secret. its freedom. 3 . all its among writers as to its its source. There are those who deny man's spiritual nature. and the burden of her cry is one word mil.POWER OF WILL CHAPTER The Will and **^ Its I Action 'rr^i g ^HERE has been altogether too much talk about the secret of success. .. — ! ' — Russell H. its functions. limitations. a familiar and practical reality. concede that the Will that itself is its mind of man." Dr. Any man who hears and heeds that cry is equipped fully to climb to the very heights of life.

Nor ought it to be confounded with desire. is "The Self-direction. therefore. All voluntary acts are deliberative. itself in which it dwells are the not the Will that any more than it is perceptive powers that perceive. The Will and is Its Action sometimes defined as the " faculty of and especially of deliberative action. One may feel without willing. It is is a way a person has and the body wills. but both deliberation and its attendant actions are not always conscious. So the Will may proceed either with knowledge or in opposition thereto. in a Power of manner indifferent. indeed. definition A better of the Will." as the saying goes. or.4 The Will conscious. nevertheless." is "the Soul Itself Exercising Self- . The Will directvon. or the faculty of imagination that pictures mental images." This power acts in conjunction with feeling and knowledge. Oftentimes desires are experienced which are unaccompanied by acts of Will. and some involuntary acts are certainly conscious. and one may will contrary to feeling. Present Definitions The Will by which directed." Whether the word " conscious " is essential to the definition may be questioned^ Some actions which are unconscious are. whatever the ethical dictates in the case. nor with the moral sense.' of being and doing. for de- liberation may proceed "with the swiftness of light- ning. and the moral sense frequently becomes the sole occasion of willing. probably expressions of' the Will . but is not to be identified with them as a matter of definition. or is it set aside by the Will.

The manifested Will then becomes dynamic." When person employs this instrumental power. nor to fly in the air without machinery. " It is related of Muley Moluc.The Will Is the Mam 5 "By the term Will in the narrower sense. is it weak. is action of person for these ends. is known to lie beyond the range of the possible. In the one case it is a power of person to ori|. A Obedience of mind or body to Volitions exhibits the power of the Will. The quality of his Will is manifest in the force when he and persistence of his Volitions or his acts. according to its degree as such. of the mind itself. Volition is the willing power in action. the Will is to be regarded as an energy. one (the static} said to be possessed of a strong Will is capable of exerting his mind with great force in a Volition or in a' series of Volitions. "one very commonly means so much of our mental life as involves the attentive guidance of our conduct. or very great. In such cases there may be desire to act. to No one wills the impossible for himself. it puts forth a Volition. . but always mind refuses to will that is. — : put forth a VoHtion." says Royce. his Volitions are the actions of the mind in self-direction. Hence. in the other case. Thus. and. or of the body.inate it and direct human is activities. The Will may be regarded as both Static and — Dynamic. All Volitions are thus secondary mental commands for appropriate mental or physical acts. or fairly developed. which is a secondary command when obedience.. the Moorish leader. One cannot will to raise a paralyzed arm.

he rallied his army. led them to victory." Here was an I So. there was the doctor.6 that. be compared to an I got to the . as the saying is. with lumbago. starting from his litter at the great crisis of the fight. I got no better. and when this was done I was a frog again. also. though I felt like a frog with my back. A I called in ing when I I was no better. first. protesting I was unfit for the exploit." The mind may. What made me that I could wheel the barrow? It was my reserve-Will. When end I wheeled it back again. the doctor forbade my get- want with your advice? If you cannot cure me. by itself. I got ready my pole and. mental capacity for a single volitional act: A powerful Will. pired. said exhibition of stored-up Will-power. and then instantly sank exhausted. the rope-walker. I went on. barrow. told him. This is what Emerson. when. calls " the spasm to collect and swing the whole man. he argued against my thinking of carrying out my agreement." Power of Will is. or by other beings. but also forfeit a large sum. means the mind's ability to throw great energy into a given command for action. almost worn out by incurable disa battle took place between his troops and the Portuguese. " One day : signed an agreement to wheel a barrow along a rope day or two before I was seized my medical man. and told him I must be cured by a certain day. not only because I should lose what I hoped to earn. Next morn- on a given day. or by the body. Blondin. and the evening before the day of the exploit. and exease. of what good is your advice ? When I got to the place. The Will and when Its Action lying ill. I ' 'What do wheeled it along the rope as well as ever I did. took hold of the handles and ting up. in this respect.

large amounts of force may be accumulated within it. but the Will . in persistence But what it is must depend upon what it is in any single average act of Volition. be that purpose temporary and not remote. or by ordinary people under the influence of excessive fear. The conduct of life hinges on the Will. of the Dynamic Will is essential to the possession of volitional power for a successful life. _ There are minds that seem capable of huge exercise of Will-power in single acts and under peculiar circumstances as by the insane when enraged. " A chain is no stronger than its weakest link. be regarded as capable of accumulation. or by exceptional individuals normally possessed of remarkable mental energy. or any great purpose in A mind that is weak in average Volitions is incapable of sustained willing through a long series of actions or with reference to a remote purpose. It may be looked upon as an energy which is susceptible of increase in quantity and of size electric battery. The Will is not only a dynamic force in mind. and by proper manipulation an electric current of great strength may be obtained. power of Will may. or abiding and far afield in the future whether it pertain to a small area of action or to a wide complexity of . The cultivation. discharges of force — development in quality. it is also secondly. So. as it were. therefore. interests involving a life-long career. a power of persistent adherence to a purpose." Development of Will has no other highway than absolute adherence to wise and intelligent resolutions.The Will Is the Man 7 depend upon the and make-up of the instrument. The Will may exhibit enormous energy in isolated instances while utterly weak with reference its to a continuous course of conduct life.

8

The Will and

Its Action

depends upon the man. Ultimately it is never other than his own election. At this point appears the paradox of the Will The Will is the soul's power of self-direction; yet
:

the soul must decide

how and

for what purposes this

power

be exercised. It is in such a paradox that questions of moral freedom have their origin. The freedom of the Will is a
shall

vexed problem, and can here receive only superficial discussion. The case seems to be clear enough, but it
is

too metaphysical for these pages.

Present Theory of Will
"

The

Will," says a French writer, "

is

to choose in

order to act." This is not strictly true, for the Will does not choose at all. The person chooses. But in

a general or loose way the Will may be now defined as a power to choose what the man shall do. The choice is always followed by Volition, and Volition by
choose to act in a certain way, while abstaining from so doing, is simply
appropriate action.

To

say that

we

to say either that, at the instant of so abstaining,

we

do not choose, or that we cease to choose. We always do what w^ actually choose to do, so far as mental and physical ability permit. When they do not permit, we may desire, but we do not choose in the sense
of willing.

In this sense choice involves some reason,
sufficient in

and such reason must always be
induce person to
will.

order to

A Sufficient Reason is a motive which the person approves as ground of action. This approval precedes the act of willing, that
is,

the Volition.

of willing, therefore, involves choice
its

The act among motives as

necessary precedent, and decision based upon such

The Will
selection.

Is the

Man
that
its

9
is,

When
it

the

mind approves a motive,
Reason for

constitutes
it

Sufficient

action in willing,

has thereby chosen the appropriate act obedient to

willing.

The mind

frequently recognizes what, at

first

thought, might be regarded as Sufficient Reason for
Volition, yet refrains

from putting forth that

Volition.

In this case other motives have instantaneously, perhaps unconsciously, constituted Sufficient Reason for inaction, or for action opposed to that immediately
before considered.

We
1.

thus perceive four steps connected with the act

of willing:
Presentation in

mind of something

that

may be
'

done
2.

Presentation in mind

of motives or reasons re-

lating to
3.

The

4.

what may be done rise in mind of Sufficient Reason Putting forth in mind of Volition corresponding

to Sufficient Reason.

As Professor Josiah Royce remarks in " Outlines not only observe and feel our of Psychology," " own doings and attitudes as a mass of inner facts,

We

viewed all together, but in particular we attend to them with greater or less care, selecting now these, now those tendencies to aiction as the central objects in our experience of our own desires." " To attend to any
action or to to any passion,
choose,' or
'

any tendency to action, to any desire, or to select,' or to is the same thing as
' ' '

to prefer,' or

to take serious interest

in,'

just that tendency or deed.

And

such attentive (and

practical) preference of one course of conduct, or of

one tendency or desire, as against all others present to our minds at any time, is called a voluntary act." This is in effect the view of the author taken ten

10

The Will and

Its Action
first

years before the writing of the
present work.
"

edition of the

A motive is an A motive cannot

appeal to person for a Volition.

act, for it is

be identified with the Volition to the reason of the Volition. The identifi-

and Volitions would involve us in the we have as many Volitions as motives, which would result in plain contradiction." And, it may also be remarked, " a motive is not an irresistible tendency, an irresistible tendency is not a desire, and a desire is not a Volition. In short, it is impossible to identify a Volition or act of Will with anything else. It is an act, sui generis." But while motives must be constituted Sufficient Reasons for willing, the reason is not a cause; it is merely an occasion. The cause of the act of Will is
cation of motives

absurdity of holding that

the person, free to select a reason for Volition.

The
the

occasion of the action of Volition in

mind

is solely

motive approved. Motives are conditions; they are not causes. The testimony that they are not determining conditions
stands on the validity of the moral consciousness.

The word

" ought " always preaches freedom, defying
field.

gospelers and metaphysicians of every pagan

Freedom
Moreover, the phrase "freedom of mil" is tauand the phrase " bondage of will " is contradiction of terms. To speak of the freedom of the Will is simply to speak of the Will's existence. A person without power to decide what he shall do is not a comtology,
plete organism.

Will
it is

may

not exist, but

if

there

is

any Will

in mind,

free.

The Will

Is the

Man

ii

Will may be weak, but within the limitations of weakness, freedom nevertheless obtains.

No bondage exists in the power of person to will somewhat. Bondage may obtain in the man, by reason of physical disorders, or of mental incapacity, or of moral perversion, or, perhaps, of environment. For the Will " does not sensate that is done by the senses it does not cognize: that is done by the intellect; it does not crave or loathe an object of choice: that is done by the affections; it does not judge of the nature, or value, or qualities of an object: that is done by the intellect; it does not moralize on the right or wrong of an object, or of an act of choice: that is done by
:

the conscience (loosely speaking)

;

it

does not select
it

the object to be chosen or to be refused, and set

out distinct and defined,

after passing from all others, under the review of all the other faculties, to be chosen or refused by the Will: for this act of selecting has already been done by the intellect."

known and and thus made ready,

discriminated

The
tellect,

operations of the sense perceptions, of the in-

and of the moral powers may thus be inadequate, and there may be great difficulty in deliberating among motives, and even inability to decide which
motive shall rule, but these weaknesses obtain in the mind or the man, they do not inhere in the Will. This does not surrender the freedom of the Will by shifting
it

from a faculty the

definition of

free to the person which

may

or

may

which makes it not be free,

because any bondage of person has before it actual freedom as the result of development, education and

moral influences. The action of Will is not determined by motive but by condition of person, and, to a degree, except under the oppression of disease, the

12 person

The Will and

Its

Action

may

always raise any motive to the dignity of
to evil, but

Sufficient Reason.

Most people experience some bondage
the bondage of evil
like
lies in

the fact that the evil self
is

tends to select a motive whose moral quality
character.

of a

Accountability springs

from

this

that evil has been permitted to establish that tendency.

endowed with intelligence, capable of formand pursuing self-chosen ends may neglect those rules of action which alone can guide it safely, and thus at last wholly miss the natural ends
force

"

A

ing

purposes

of

its

being."
:

As Samuel Johnson says " By trusting to impressions a man may gradually come to yield to them and
at length

agent, or,

be subject to them so as not to be a free what is the same thing in effect, to suppose

that he is not a free agent." " As to the doctrine of necessity, no
If a

man
I

believes

it.

arguments that though I could not answer them, should
should give
"

man

me

did not see,

I believe that

I did not see ?

Hence the sway and the value of moral character
the arena of Will.

in

A person
The

of right character tends to constitute right
is

motives Sufficient Reason for Volitions.
Will, therefore,

under law, for
It m.ust

it is

the universal system of things.
eral laws of
its

a part of obey the gen-

own

nature.

man's being, must be true to the laws of lawless Will can have no assign-

A

able object of existence.

As

a function in mind
realities.

it

is

subject to the influences of the individual character,

of environment and of ethical
it

But

in itself

discloses

that

all

Volitions

are

connected
its

with
suffi-

motives or reasons, that every Volition has

The Will
,

Is the "Mem

13

I

and that no Volition is determined solely by any given reason. To suppose the Will to act otherwise than as required by these laws is to destroy
cient Reason,
its
it

meaning.
is

A lawless Volition
Volition.

is

not a free Volition,
is

no

Lawless

Volition

caprice.

Capricious Volitions indicate a mind subject to inde-

an individual is in such a slave, because he is without power to act intelligently for a definite purpose and according to a self -chosen end. Will is not free if it is not self-caused, but to be self -caused, in any true sense, it must act according to
terminate influences.

When
is

a

state,

we say

that he

the laws of

its

own being.
is

Law

is

the essence of freeit is

dom.

Whatever

free

is

so because
its

capable of

acting out unhindered the laws of

nature.
It is

The Will cannot
sary that
life
it

transcend

itself.
its

not neces-

should transcend

own

nature in order

to be free.
fly;

under water.

A bird is free to A bird with
is

nevertheless flight

but not to pass its a broken wing cannot of the freedom of birdfly,

nature.

And

limitations

upon bird-nature are not
freedom.

limitations

upon

such

Induced
its

limited

states of individual

minds cannot

set aside the free

abiHty of Will to act according to
nature.

fundamental
the
philan-

The

following,

written

of

Howard

a good illustration of the Will (a) as static,. (6) as dynamic, (c) as an energy, (d) as controlled by the mind, (e) as free, and (/) as deterwhat the individual makes himmined by character
thropist, is

self to

be
(c) energy of his (0) determination
if,

"

The

great, that

instead of being habitual,

it

was so had been

(6) shown only for a short time on particular occa-

;

14
sions,

The Will and

Its

Action

it would have appeared a vehement impetuosity by being unintermitted, it had an equability of manner which scarcely appeared to exceed the tone of a calm constancy, it was so totally the reverse of

but,

anything like turbulence or agitation. It was the calmness of an intensity, (d) kept uniform by the nature
of the

human mind

forbidding

it

to

be more, and by
it

the (/) character of the individual (e) forbidding to be less."

Howard was an illustration of Emerson's meaning when he said " There can be no driving force, except through the conversion of the man into his Will, mak:

ing him the Will, and the Will him."
is

Human

nature

a huge

commentary on

this

remark.

Man's driving

force, conquering fate, is the

energy of the free Will.
:

Said Dr.

who

is

" The Will or Ego Edward H. Clarke only known by his volitions, is a constitutional

monarch, whose authority within certain limits is acknowledged throughout the system. If he chooses, like most monarchs, to extend his dominions and enBy a judicious exercise large his power, he can do so. of his authority, employing direct rather than indirect measures, he can make every organ his cheerful subIf, on the other hand, he is careless of his posiject. tion, sluggish and weary of constant vigilance and labor, he will find his authority slipping from him, and
himself the slave of his ganglia."

That you have a great world of opportunity awaitit, is evidenced by this stirring view from the pen of C. G. Ldand:
ing your determination to possess
"

can develop his will, has it in his moral nature to any extent, but also to call into action or realize very extraordinary states of mind, that is faculties, talents, or
the

Now

man who

power not only

fp control his

The Will
abilities

Is the

Man

15
his

which he never suspected to be within
. .

reach.

has ever attributed to the Invisible AVorld without, lies, in fact, within him, and the magic key which will confer the faculty of sight
.

All that

Man

and the power

to conquer is the Will."

We have now finished our brief survey of the theory
of Will-power.

The

idea has been to

make

clear to

you the place which Will-power occupies in your life to stimulate you to an immediate, determined, and profitable training in this kingly pleasurable, nay force within your possession.

What this book shall accomplish for the reader depends solely upon himself.

— The Avthos. In Will th' Unfathomed Self began. to will. executive Of self — a sovereign strong and wise. The Will is power loosed in Thought. Courage. He only is who wills to The live best his nature prophesies: Master of fate. the Will is man. soul! thee. Art thou a pigmy? For as all. ."THE WILL IS THE MAN" The Will is God. to be. In Will the lesser mind is wrought: Nothing All one — is will-less entity: to act. the kingly ^oal.

so acting is not Rousseau. as we commonly define them. to call is vehemence and rigidity strength A man not strong who him takes convulsion-fits." says Carlyle. force on the muscles or the Like the general-in-chief. W. manifests itself. It is the least like an instrument of any of our faculties. " has not Will. he the strong man. In a series of acts conducted with force . as has been suggested. though six then. The Will depth or width. as T is I "^HE seat of the Will seems to vary with it is the organ through which manifested. A fundamental ! error. the farthest removed from our conceptions of mechanism and matter. its everywhere in the field of action. here may be Dynamic "' necessarily ideal.CHAPTER II Tests of Will *^ the brain." Secondly." 0. in two general called the ways it In an energetic single act. or a melody. to transport itself to different parts of we may wish its to recall a picture. difficulty. cannot hold He that can walk under the is heaviest weight without staggering. place — The developed Will First. to throw intellectual processes. a phrase. nor calm force for first — the men characteristic of true greatness. Holmes.

Persistent. — The strong Will — The right Will — The perfect Will is master of the body. end here the Static its store of accumu. sailors flight." The psychic investi- gator of the modern college makes every physical element and power a tool. Dein connection cisive. Acts of Will may be described as Explosive. . " It is the part of a good athlete to be flayed with pounding. III. we now suggest certain Gkneral Functions of Will I. Impelling. The hero Dewey and his Manilla Bay and forbid are falling. These forms of Will are exhibited with Physical. Paganini directs his fingers to execute marvels upon The trained athlete is the director of an assembly of physical powers as difficult of original control as the mob that threatened Beecher at LiverIgnatius uncovered brute Will when he said: pool. directing it according to the dictates of desire or reason. send their bodies into while shot and shell Martyrs give their bodies to be burned. the violin. Mental. Restraining. a prophet. II. Deliberative. Remembering that the Will is always the mind's power of self-direction. a revelator of mental reality. Hamlet's grave-digger determines his own physical vocation. Moral states of the man. faculties.i8 Tests of Will related intelligently to a given and Will discharges in dynamic actions lated power. self. and yet to conquer. is lord of the mind's several is high priest of the moral The strong Will is master of the body.

it yet represents a long and per- sistent application of Will. Though a given becomes automatic. In all these and similar cases the Will must act. which nevertheless constitute its highest If these exhibitions of " second nature " in- volved no immediate action of Will. but the power upon the Underlying those states of the soul of which it is immediately aware are conditions not formulated in powers. The singer's use of his voice exhibits trained impulse . celerity of muscular obedience to feeling. as it . The reader is referred to the author's work "Practical Psychology" for further role in study of that important subject. The mind. sovereign acts. the eloquent orator. its The person it is may not be conscious of throne. consciousness. All voluntarily achabit quired habits are examples.According Mastery of the body to Your Will 19 is frequently seen in remark- able instances of physical control. as often. defeat the end in view. the musician's manipulation of his fingers. The Unconscious or Subconscious Mind plays a vast human life. so far forth. has the power to summon. habituated movements. the present exercise of Volition directing and maintaining actions that are apparently unconscious. the specific make up the complex physical uses of the human body in all trades of skill demand super- vision of the Will as an adequate explanation. the very exercise and training of Will which look to their attainment they would. co-ordinating particular movements with general details of Volition with the ultimate purpose in view. the skilled rider's mastery of his limbs in most cult feats diffi- and unexpected situations. activities that Indeed. and.. again. spontaneous response to mind. — would weaken rather than develop Will. perhaps.

prolonged exertion of political speakers evangelists. Under fear of detection the hiding criminal simulates the stillness of death. This may be done during a repetition is repetition of the act. under maddening con- Certain nervous diseases can be cured by the ." as it is said. in the case of the blind. a special" degree of intensity of Will. also. The hearing may be made more that all acute willing other sensations shall be ruled out of con- sciousness. furnish examples. Does such intensity imply that no Will has hitherto know that in such cases we put been exerted? We forth a more energetic Volition. or religious excitement. Muscular effort accomplishing a certain amount of work while Will is but lightly applied. Pride In the presence of the desperately ill. the Will accomplishes wonders through its power of inhibition. and to throw this with great force into a particular act. often represses the cry of pain. or hope of reward. or love. becomes terrific when the whole man wills himself into the act.20 Tests of Witt were. love refuses the relief of tears. or hate. or its musical influence. for example. So. rouse the Will at times to vast proportions in feats with muscle and limb. The Olympic rescues from contests and modem fire or wave. By focusing the attention upon the terminal nerves is the sense of touch vastly quickened. The human eye may be made to blaze by the by appli- cation of Will-power to the act of gazing. and and herculean achievements of enraged in- mates of insane hospitals. Certain stimulations of mind. or insanity. as. as fear. while the going on " automatically. exhibition games. woman's defense of her offspring. Irritated nerves are controlled ditions.

it is probably strong in what is called "compound attention. .. etc. or of action represents the cultivation of the persistent Will. brought to the nostrils by means of paper tubes. Strong appetites are denied indulin Pronounced tendencies general physical conduct are varied. right Will is the lord of the mind's several familiar example is seen in the act of A attention. Attitudes of body are assumed ordinarily supposed. for example. 2i Habits of the body. Thus the person wills intense consciousness of physiOne. are controlled.According to Your Will Will. principles. such as facial twitching. and mannerisms of private and public life are banSounds are shut out of consciousness in the ished. act of reading. in preference to the other. who studies procal acts or states. by simply thinking about it. If the Will is strong in this respect. Here the soul concentrates its energies upon a grouped upon a number of objects together. means and methods relating to some possible end of effort or goal of conduct." This is a good illustration of abstraction induced by the Will The degree of exclusiveness and force with which the mind engages itself upon a single line single object." or that considering state of mind in which it holds deliberative court among motives. in this capacity. A striking example may be noted in the fact that "we can smell either one of two odors. gence. movements of the hands or limbs. is Even more than that so little body is is the servant of the Will. The curious thing here attention is given to the training of Will II The faculties. the and maintained at the cost of great pain. facts.

oped by and capacity of the lungs may be develwalk may be cultivated. and the manner and method of their attainment and execution. great Will. An artist who painted three . the cost of willed attention has been enormous." regard. in painting. Vocal exercises demand utmost attention of mind to musical notes. Kossuth said. powers in willed attention. A test of Will may be reading that is further seen in the degree of attention exerted in reading. as previously suggested. their effects upon the ear. complexity. " Great skill. Where pronounced ability in such cases has been ac- The action intelligent attention. ear power of the and end nerves is frequently increased by application of mental energy thrown forcibly into the sense-perception involved. the eye. a style of quired. and the difificulty of handling properly. is this demand increased. All use of tools and instruments makes large demand upon the Will. also. Musical instruments are also mastered in this way alone. embracing and taking note of minutest varia- tions with the greatest nicety.22 Tests of Will foundly the relation of physiology to psychology. and in proportion to their delicacy. Much is dignified as not so. may be written as the general law in this So. to The child in learning walk manifests admirable ability in this regard. In true reading the mind is focused upon the printed page. " I have a certain rule never to go on in reading anything without perfectly understanding what I read. difficult Equally concentrated must be the mind of the artist and that of the musician in mastering a composition. exhibits great largest sensations. and habits of speech entirely reorganized." That was true reading.

which he afterward reproduced in stone. and instantly repeated exactly as played before him. with great power.. separating. and feel. concen- is the secret of genius. including errors. utterly absorbed in the mastery of So Byron was wont to imits problems. conjoining. think and care for nothing else until morning. and follow out the ramifications of utmost complexities. sketching from time to time on the canvas. I looked at him attentively for half an hour. said: "When a sitter came. trated attention In part. etc. concentrating upon fact. realrelation. I took the man and sat him in the chair. and in a few moments secured a mental portrait of her features. I wanted no more." A similar story related of the sculptor David. The mind must now plunge into the depths of a subject. " The success of Hegel is in part explained by the fact that he took a manuscript to his publishers in Jena on . When I wished to resume my first portrait. ency.According to Your Will 23 hundred portraits during a year. when I saw him as distinctly as if he had been before is me in his own proper person. used to seclude himself in his law library the night before some important case was docketed for trial. penetrate by driving force into its minutest details. In sustained thinking the Will manifests one of its noblest aspects. evolving. So Blind Tom listened with " rapt attention " to cal composition. the bust of a dying woman to execute without alarming her. with tireless persistits ity. he Wishing called upon her as a jeweler's man. a complicated musiit. I put away my canvas and was ready for another sitter. of Wisconsin. and comparing. Senator Carpenter. Napoleon was gigantic in all these particulars. mure himself with brandy and water and write for many consecutive hours in the elaboration of his poems.

acquire by continuance an enhanced power. initial movements of mind. by forcing the attention and the creased degree. The mind may be wrought up. resolutely continued. so with Will. composing. Dante in the woods of Fonte Abellana. all exhibit the power of Will to develop interest and beget a true inspiration mind in the grip of a subject. bores into the subject considered.24 the very day Tests of Will and to ing — when the battle of that name was fought. But the mind's interest of its may be enhanced by Will. amazement for he had heard or seen nothhe found French veterans. The activity no exception. the victorious solhis — diers of Napoleon. " into a loving mood. As with mechanical contrivances. discovering features. speaking. Anthony TroUope made as well as to hold the ." The processes of reasoning. by long attention to matters of thought. It is a mistake to sup- pose that great intellectual achievements are products alone of what is called " inspiration. and Bunyan in prison. weak at first." It is familiarly known that one of the secrets of con- centration is interest in the matter in hand. " We can work ourselves up. and. Lord Macaulay thus sought facility in the preparation and writing of his History. finally induces absorbed attention of new in- an School-work furnishes many illustrations of this reward of Will. form eloquent illustrations of the necessity of mental seclusion and concentration in order to arrive at great mental results. Paul in Arabia. in the streets." as one has said. train of ideas upon all the kindness and affection that Similarly in regard we have experienced in the past. persistent assertion power of Study. into lone trances Mohammed falling on the mountains above Mecca. to a state of great activity." to other emotions of reasoning is and states of the soul.

must take kingdom phrase like. " Remember by a kind of violence. Milton Memory is . yes. Listless repeti- Attention. ! A deliberately set himself to the task of further development. The storing act of mind in education. fearing that his memory might fail. In its noblest character. tion of lessons accomplishes little. The mind which is a blank as to its past can form no memory pictures." But some facts are blazed into the abiding self. Francjs Parkman and Charles Darwin acquired prodigious memories under similar difficulties. but a help. who wrote his histories with greatly impaired eyesight. his its test and William H. Prescott.According it to Your Will 25 a rule. by the power of great interest. control. notably shown in the action of memory. requires Will in a very especial sense. Macaulay. Mental energy usually " charges " the soul by the process of " memorizing. remember " suggests the victorious attitude of mind. The strength of the Will is. the forcing of interest. as it were. always involved in imagination. as it is commonly understood. trained memory so thoroughly that he could perform men- work required for sixty pages before dictation. again. to turn off a fixed number of pages each day." In both cases the orator's mind develops special and unexpected interest and power. purpose. while writing a work of fiction. Some minds are naturally endowed with great powers in this retally the spect. In jury trials advocates talk on for hours against some supposedly obstinate juryman. but the really useful memories of the world ex- hibit the driving and sustaining action of Will. and found his rule not a hindrance. the imagination exhibits compulsion. concenthis tration. and legislative halls frequently witness " speaking against time.

arise. in which objects seem to . A secondary quality of mental vision. is. the gift. appear with all the vividness of sunlit reality. more or less vague and confused. Does Angelo see his But the hallucinations of disease often yield to treatment of physical improvement and resolute Will. the form- ." tal vision can be acquired by strenuous Will may be doubted but there are minds that have frequent flashes of clear pictorial innersight. or Goethe beheld in his sister's home a picture by Ostade and these may frequently tyrannize over the mind with terrible power. If possessed. in so high a degree. relating the experience above referred to. 26 must summon of Tests of Will in luminous array the majestic images immortal shapes without the direction of Will? Do the phantoms of the ideal world come unbidden to the arena of thought? Undoubtedly fantasies and hallucinations may troop across the plains of mental vision in capricious freedom. Professions which require regular public speaking. is. as of the ministry or the law the massing of facts . in which ideas of things." Paradise Lost. and similar assemblages of objects. which I after- wards used with more complete consciousness. It is significant that Goethe. as Goethe calls however. it. before the mind. as when Kiphng's civilian of India became "possessed" by the "Phantom 'Rickshaw. subject to summons and control. as in the trial of jury cases . as seen in his case and in that of many artists. says : " This was the first time that I dis- covered. although they can never command this experience at will.. as when Luther saw the devil. by common testimony a matter of determined cultivation. to me the characteristics of this or that whose works I had devoted great attenThat the power of creating such luminous mention. of bringing before great artist. the gift.

" If these are to be reasonFor the most able Wills as well. part Will would seem to develop and to acquire some- . — is but energetic exercise of Will. the grasp of details prises and comprehensive plans. more vivid and real and combinations may be made by resolution of mind and persist- ent practice. outlines of territory. to see things as details The imagination is the pioneer of progress — in re- ligion. they must be trained. complex details and laws of enterprise. objects requisite to success. mechanisms. we may say. is pcvver equally susceptible of being so developed as to indicate selection ages. The spirit that summons. and exclusion of clamoring imthe Hence develop it would seem that mind may train and its own power of willing. and airy fancies and huge conceptions of the worlds of real life and of ideal existence. as in invention .According to Your Will '27 ing of material shapes and their organization into imaginary mechanisms. Failures in these fields are frequently due to the fact that the Will does not force the mind and as complex wholes. The strong Will enables the mind to recall. guides and controls it is the And this soul's mysterious power of self-direction. objects. When cultivation and improvement of Will are sought. " / with energy and decision ! I will to persist in willing! I will to will intelligently and for a goal! will to will I will to exercise the Will according to the dictates of reason and of morals! " Some men are born with what are called " strong Wills. with growing intensity. as in large business enterand military operations. industry. Ideas. relations. assemblages of facts and persons. art and science. but as such it is not a lawless necromancer without deliberate purpose. all furnish illustrations of the truth that not original endowment alone.

and misfortune making water of life's blooded forces." and disappointment cankering resolution. yet give its it so little conscious atten- improvement to the indirection of " hard knocks. Discipline knocks men about with ruthless jocularity. died worth he said. nevertheless. " the ing. like Topsy. This is a curious thing that the Will is left. and will not see his faults. but blockheads." under which are more or less unconscious and unpurposed so far as this end is concerned. That has been my work. acquire selves. yet take it " catch-as-catch-can " ? Why hinge — success upon it.000." in Australia. I have been fighting the desert all my life. with an energy of concentration peculiar to him: "Fighting the desert. They must needs some power of Will or demonstrate themnot human. and oftentimes humorous schoolmaster life-processes who gives small pity to his pupils.000. ""A man who fails. can never improve. the exigencies of " getting on " are constant and unappreciated trainers. developed nor trained by conscious intelligent and is more often devoid than possessed of rational moral quality. oftentimes. It was the asked once. another name for hell. Much of life's is suffering due to the fact that force of Will is neither effort. a Bushman $25. " But." Why value this power. with a characteristic ! semi-exultant snap of the fingers." Here is a grim-visaged.28 Tests of Will thing of the " sweet quality of reasonableness. and all manner of diseases destroying the fine fibre of mind's divine organism ? Why neglect tion? Why delegate the Will until consequence. "to grow up. has removed " heaven " by the diameter of the universe? James Tyson. and I have money is nothwas the fun " Being "What was the little game?" he replied little game that .

" When the battle Ill is lost. of such energy should with resistless energy be the Will fails." The perfect Will is high Priest of the moral self.According to Your Will 29 won I have put water where was no water. no circan be done in this world. the invincible great and the insignificant. I have put fences where there were no fences. Reso" impossible. and roads where there were no roads. and then Death or Victory. cultivated. between the feeble and the powerful. whose ! name f orce. is energy DETERMINATION a purpose oucc fixed. Here is the empire of man's true constitution. but no perfection of Will can be attained regardless of requirements of highest reason. "What is right?" Napoleon exhibits ." "The longer I live. The crowning phase of the Will is always ethical." The power. no opportunities will make a two-legged — — — creature a resistless man without it." The strong lute Will scorns the word Will of large and prolonged persistence condemns whatever is unreasonable." said Fowell Buxton. a true cultivation of Will is not possible without reference to highest reason or ideas of right. That quality will do anything that and no talents. is connected in philanthropy with that of Wilber- " the more certain I am that the great difference between men. then. cumstances. A may obtain while moral considerations are ignored. Nothing can undo what I have done. Nobility of Will is seen in the question. and beef where was no beef. Indeed. In the moral consciousness alone is discovered the exgreat Will planation of this faculty of the soul. and millions will be happier for it after I am long dead and forgotten.

. No man can ever estimate the power of will. And sue the world. alike paltry and impossible. Washington illustrates the persistence of moral resolution. that made them indomitable." it A recent writer along these lines puts : pithily when " In respect to mere mundane relations. Bismark and Grant. yet must . If the " King " will not train himself. Such men can be no more stopped than . of men like Wilberforce and Garrison. described an incarnation of perverted wilfulness. . all of a piece with the power of creation. They simply would do what they planned. quiet or pugnacious. The object. of the human will. The achievements of history have been the choices. The Will is in and persistence. Jesus incarnates the Will whose law is holiness. and to pull every string himself. . rules its kingdom with the fool's industry and the fanatical that possesses energy Philip the was Philip's and pride to direct all the machinery of his extensive empire. the creations. gentle or grim. Goodyear and Cyrus Field. It is a part of the divine nature. mind and spirit? This is the " artist " of whom Lord Lytton sang : — " All things are thine estate . . how shall he demand obedience of his subjects. Thou first display the title deeds.30 Tests of Will the strong continuous Will. but wanting in reasonableness and moral control. bespoke the narrow mind. . " It policy . It was the will. instincts High Be strong and trust more than all the creeds." Thus has Motley obstinacy of Second. the powers of body. the determinations. the he says development and discipline of one's will-power is of supreme moment in relation to success in life. of this ambition.

not through lack of education or agreeable personal qualities. from lack of dauntless will. but from lack of dogged determination.According the sun can be. path — — riding rough headed for a The use of is . Most men fail. power regardless of other-interest its shod over everything in precipice." Yet plishes it is the always the right e 011s will which accommore lasting victories the will which — demonstrates that will all who grant its demands will be sharers in a mutual advance and profit. to Your Will 31 or the tide.

equal. full tides. face to face. Lapping and dashing. The sea recedes: force triumphs over force. To urge high course. at the heart of Power's war untimed right And this — onward — this the Will's to stand. breasting up the marge. a soul Emerges soul — undaunted and sublimed. Crumbles the shore: the waves their vict'ry chant. Here meet two infinites. — The Authob. Lo. swing in from out the vast. The steadfast shore corAes large. Yet ever gently turned.BALANCE Full waves. In wage titanic for all time and space. . of adamant. or backward cast In sullen wrath.

to The Will is man's inherent nature-tendency to act do something. not man-mastered nor nature-mastered. continuously. but unfolded. as the author remarks in " Business Power. not crude determinations. and with a purpose. and reason in this connection should be coij- — .CHAPTER The Conduct *' III of Life is what makes a man manifest. and creates human power. The manmastered and nature-mastered Will goes with the motive or impulse which is strongest." is the Will. within The self-mastered Will can do anything reason. The selfmastered Will goes with the motive which the self makes greatest. in order act on itself that it may act intelligently. so to speak." Ik Marvel. Will makes men R T^ ESOLVE — giants. and with mere impulse in very slight degree so far as the life of intelligence is concerned. Theoretically. the Will is the man. con- The thing that — — trolled and directed power in man is Will self-mastered. but that strong and not errant purpose indefatigable Will which treads down difficulties and danger. is. Will is itself power. the Will is just a way the man has of being and doing. This tendency to act in some way must take itself in hand. as a boy treads down the heaving frost-lands of winter . Practically. which kindles his eye and brain with a proud pulse-beat tov/ard the unattainable. not puny resolve.

tion to Will is self-developed. The Dynamic Will. The Explosive Will illustrates the mind's ability for quick and masterful summoning of all its forces. — and " through" per." furnishes — — many a deciding test. " Having done all. " standing through. self-directed. and properly directed. selfit only needs proper applica- become practically all-powerful. This phase of Will saying. These forms are: The Persistent Will. so are varied Volitions sent forth from this central seat of power. constitutes origi- nal source of energy. As heat." The weakness of otherwise strong men may be revealed in life's reactions. The function of must be powerful. but only through willed and conWill is like that of steam. under control. The direction may be determined. When mastered. Forms of Will In the conduct of life every form in which the normal Will manifests itself is demanded for success. The power of Will may be developed. The Static Will. Will. or Will in reserve.34 ceived in its The Conduct of Life highest human It sense. trolled action. exhibiting the Dynamic Will." sto stare sistere." for a barnacle sticks. but only through willed and directed action. The Decisive The Static Will. The Impelling Will. light. Restraining Will. to stand. The The Explosive Will. but only through controlled and directed action. The control may be acquired. and carried hither and thither . and life are rooted in the sun. The sudden rush of the whole soul in one compelling deed seems sometimes next to omnipotence. Persistence of Will involves " standing. " sticking to is not exhausted in the common is it.

*' This One Thing I Do " 35 on a ship's bottom. through calm and storm. supremest type of tude. Success in call man life the Will's power of depends upon what the writers inhibition. The The finest racing speed achieved under bit and mastery." in order to a new decision. right onward. Such are some of the forms of Will which are extraordinary. At times the character of Will ability to forbid obedience to motives. quired for the conduct of affairs." After a time that A phrase is in the air. whether ordinary or Even a slight analysis of the matter tonic like would seem to suggest that there can be no the mental mood which resolves to will. depends upon the paradox of restraint. " liner. for a determined goal. shines in star . It is curious." driving onward. The abiding mind necessitates the The Impelling Will suggests an ocean Impelling Will. that the noble quality of Will- power observed will in impelling persistence. Hence life is full of demands for quick decisions and resistless massing of resources squarely upon the spur of exigency. " I resolve to will. blows with the wind. and even to bring all action to a full stop and " back water. An engine without control wreck itself and is its connected machinery. This suggests the re- Decisive Will. too. Here is a treatment from deepest laboratories of the purposeful mind says. Sixty years of that kind of direct motion must summon Will to all its varied activities. sooner soul insuring health. or later. a new immediate or ultimate goal. exhibits this as a constant atti- In man the power that drives must hold back. Here we have the is also manifest in its a thousand appealing Restraining Will. Persistence involves adherence to a purpose clean through to a goal.

and foremen superintendents. The successful is servant king. however. while on the nature of life. Some Aim. by which all fortune is turned schoolmaster and good fortune is labeled " reward by divine right. The soul that resolves to will call One Aim makes heavy things. which. The man who is indispensable owns the situation. and men indispensable. The man knows now the end. His ineradicable conviction sees with the eye of purpose. and what becomes Multitudes of people are theirs does so by accident. He has begotten the instinct of victory. whispers with dreams of sleep and trumpets through the hurly-burly of day. If his purpose is approvable at the court of con- science. It is not as a blind man. would conduct poverty to comfort. Their desires of life. and comfort to wealth. The world is ruled by its servants. all roads lead to his Rome.36 The Conduct of Life and sun." The true divine right of kings But better than is here alone. is a player at a gaming table. that he walks. is One Aim. One Aim Men fail Victorious for lack of Some Aim. because it need be neither long-headed nor long-lived. many understand needs adjust himself to must few perceive the greater that the individual . Everywhere Some Aim would make " hands " forecover the entire little field men. Eventually it becomes a feeling of achievement saturating consciousness. and imperious For. the beneficiaries of blundering luck. sings with rivers and seas. because all prophecies have one reading. would render useful men who are of no value to society useful.

" says a recent writer. Will looks for its means and methods and discovers them within. and occasionally does. Hence the importance of duct. talents The revelation of power may. worthy of his renowned father. because men often fall at crosspurposes with endowment . One Aim has law. It is self -discovery in life's con- probably true that every man has some one supreme possibility within his make-up. but. and make his election and plea sure by putting mind in the masterful spell of some One ultimate Aim to which all things else shall be subordinated. but life never all the equities in any given case. Buried talents are always " fool's gold. that life is forever engaged in a desperate struggle to adjust itself to the individual. it Some Aim may achieve large things. keynote of all his instruction. man gets in life about what he The vision of that truth embraces many things which the objector will not see." This One Thing I Do " 37 law. The objector mistakes what he desires for what he deserves. Some Aim has luck on its side. The purposeful Will usually discovers what it is. fails to grant In the long run every deserves." . — Aim — and . William Pitt was in fact bom with a definite aim in " From a child. One Aim cannot fail to make the nature of its things prime minister. life. be made while Will roams in quest of a purpose. indeed. that purpose found. " he was to realize that made a great career was expected of This was the him." the Ultimate One thing settled begin to emerge by a divine fiat. Life does not always yield the One Aim its boon in exact terms of desire. It is but required of him that he treat Ufe with some degree of dignity.

" The One Aim It is is not difficult always a commentary on character. " stuck to the thing in while doing so.38 The Conduct of Life is General Grant said to have been called " Useless Grant" by his mother. When he once self to the point of definite When war gets his teeth in. massacres. nothing can shake him off." devised a system of enmity against existing orders and institutions. furnishes Heaven than it is of Hell. universal war. The climax of Will. and he has got the grip of a bulldog. threatens to throw Europe into revolutionary carnage. and. civilization hurled to chaos. crimes. upon One Aim suggests the whole philosophy of human existence. which is the sum total of a man's good (moral) qualities. to see why life needs Some Aim." said Lincoln. Alexander the Great had One Aim." so far as it was worth brought his awareness of meaning. Character. gave birth to the "unspeakable Turk. cool persistency of purpose. ruined Spain. and leather But Grant always hand. . and it destroyed the half of Rome. " is He is not easily excited. inaugurated the Massacre of Saint Bartholomfew. Why it should concentrate anarchy. has power to light the pyre of civilization's destruction. the Righteous Aim. Nero had One Aim. is a third phrasing for Will's purpose. he found every detail and the largest campaigns eminently worth the while of a Will which had at last uncovered its highway. after some pottering which was not even preliminary. One Aim is no more descriptive of possible under moral considerations alone. One Aim assassinated Garfield. He discovered himself at writh hides Shiloh. " The great thing about him. therefore. and he died in a debauch. The One Aim may involve selfishness. in a thousand ways.

The Restraining Will has its phases in " mulishness " and The Decisive Will is frequently guilty of stupidity. Will. The Static Wih furnishes energy in abnormal life. "Why One Aim in life?" the . all is relative and reflex. we ask. Above who founds a material government the world places with eager zeal that soul who establishes by his death a kingdom of religion. insanity. The Persistent Will may exhibit in obstinacy is and national crimes. There is really no high Justification for One Aim if it be not best aim. Idiocy. is dependent and productive. Will with with Righteous The Highest Aim Righteous Aim creates character. So true is it that righteousness alone justifies the existence of the human Will. Its motives and its means and its achievements justify only in aims converging to its utmost moral quality. The Explosive Will murders. Impelling Will wondrous foolhardiness. Life is ethical. creates Righteous Will. It is here that possession of Will finds explanation. without a master. But this sovereignty furnishes its reason in moral selfdevelopment. The sometimes hugely reckless. that the finest developits ment of the power comes of the martyr moral exercise. the Will. Below man there is no supreme sovereignty of Will. senility. in moral oneness with Deity. If." This One Thing I Do " 39 acter. with Noblest Aim. in moral community-relations. the aim. Character. and working pathos fathomless or tragic horror. savagery and various forms of induced mania represent the Will in disorder. then. The relation between the man. creates CharNoblest Aim. as elsewhere remarked.

successful conduct of life is always hinged upon " This one thing I do. especially right evil. Inasmuch as the moral aim involves the whole of life. of imme- and ultimate end. like a factory . active. Lincoln.40 names of Great. of plan. consequences. ness: nourishing the Will from inexhaustible fountains of legitimate self-complacency. trained and just reasoning faculties: apprehending the incentive. reasons and ultimate manifold objects. utility and inspiration of truth and deep and rich moral conscious. may be offset by those of Calig- ula. every function . Aimf" troop before the mind's expanding eye i' the tide o' time " all is holy heroes and movements and no counterpoise appears. which alone Will. set on all good things for ultimate goal. things. Philip the Second. All requisites for strong Will anywhere are demands here. all is good. Will." live is A He*e man is working on full time." said a great bank president. the world beholds an aroused soul. making for it. however. requires the ministry of cultivated perceptions : seeing things as they are. is best demands of its consideration. the moral Will. qualities. Charlemagne. a large imagination: embracing details. The Will. is no prestidigitator. " "Why the Righteous all . is still merely the mind's power of self-direction. The Conduct of Life Socrates. Moral purpose. Wilberforce. Lucretia Borgia. Washington. of methods. developed sensibilities: sensitive toward capacious for good. Buddha. creation every power at labor. Asking. In other words. " The first essential The of success. for great." Where such is really the law of conduct. Alfred the William of Orange. " is the fear of God. the Medici. Gladstone. diate owner constant and adequate of means.

great Will. ciety Altruism begins with the all self. This man in puts his body into the thing in hand. and hold clear justice be known." This One Thing I Do " 41 charged with energy. — mass upon questions vital. and always at his best. from Decalogue and Mountain Sermon daily. decide instantly presiding genii of limited empires. squaring enterprise with the faculties court. the Universe will pay And It is here again emerge some old and common rules. restrain. and yielding valuable products. But a sound soul must selfish soul is never sound. conserves Why self-interest? A must there be discussions on selfishness and A sound soul is always a best soul. swinging a himself. impel. Hence the nature of things makes it law that a man shall endeavor to make the most of himself in every way which is not inimical to soundwholeness. His intuitions flash. If he be right-souled man. Reasoning confident. — As that the second principle appears — is worked Service. needs the whole man — continue sound. mental integrity and growth. till Infinite. So- there is of him." but swarms at it with that tirelessness which makes enthusiasm a wonder. function of Will to resolve on preservation of bodily health. For the service of a sound soul any price. In the eye of that high resolution no detail is v/ithout importance. huge action dominating the entire situation. mightily His mental being does not detail itself off "gangs. urge resistlessly. The whole man. This is the first principle of holiness ness — soundness. . A trained Will regards every detail as a campaign. he emerges. into conduct. Will at the fore. and moral development.

it is not worth the reading. and yet cries ! : had to climb even Calvary. taking the world genius without labor." Really great poets. The them into importants. prose-writers and artists verify this remark. carried on his investigations with prodigious labor. produces' results. The labor first worker. Pebbles. some- where in a book. "Of all work that must be drudgery. feeding upon all things with little discrimination. Inspira- tion stands tip-toe on the back of poor drudgery.42 The Conduct of Life Drudgery and the Will an accretion. Edmund Burke bestowed upon his speeches and addresses an immense amount of painstaking toil. Force is atoms strong Will is omnivorous. he filled ten folio pages with figures. If drudgery be not Drudgery stands at every factory door. Kepler. no less than boulders. It has been said that " the discoveries of Kepler were secrets ex- . The resistance of angels collapses only after Jacob has found his thigh out of " I will not let thee go " Jesus joint." without genius is little more incapable than Emperor of Indeed. The antecedents of facile and swift art are the aches and sorrows of drudgery. English Bishop said truly: nine-tenths An Macaulay's History cost almost incalculable labor. the astronomer. compose mountains. and looks out of every store window. The man who cannot will to stick to trifles and bundle is Power of Will actively aggregated. The keynote of success drudgery. and repeated the work ten times. so that seven oppositions required a folio volume of 700 pages. is is now defeated. In calculating an opposition of Mars. Germany was an enormous "by and large.

" We say that Will is strong whose aim. dull monarch of obstinacy." art was the steadiness of Haydn's application to his which made him one of the first of modern musicians. into Here fortitude. come to the net of this rational indef atiga- As Carlyle says of Cromwell: "That such a . in that which builds an industry or founds an empire. " Genius is patience. gave him a place by the side of Mozart." said Davy " what I am I have made myself. whether of men or The indefatigable purpose is prophet of all nations. futures. in view of new environments. Ribot. it is a determined bulldog. they never let go. Its stability expresses the permanency of character in the individual. with the extremest nicety of care in labor. is fixed. but proceeded to his work regularly at a fixed hour every day. If circumstances change. no drudgery without patience. He did not compose haphazard. the constancy in exertion with an eye on is a complex word which readily splits endurance and expectation." All things bility." This One Thing I torted Do " 43 from nature by the most profound and laborious research. These methods. was never- theless thoroughly acquainted with drudgery." remarks Th. but the centre toward which all converges does not change. And there can be ability to wait. who. adaptations are successfully made." Grant was patient: "Once his The assiduous Will teeth got in." is first principle in achievement. " whatever it be. But the " King on his Throne " (your Will) is no Reason defies inertia. In the saint's character patience is a lamb. It while possessed of the genius of facility. It is kaleidoscopic in its variations. means are changed. . the goal.

simply by the superiority of British patience and perseverance." It was identically this that led.' which means Can-ning. is always ' Rex. last. Roi . requires no magic to explain it. exhausting his resources. sword Landon. an heroic Christian fighter. triumphing by sheer giants war of dogged determination over the greatest master of combination the world ever saw. and difficulties are fresh gymnastics for de- . Able-man. by whatever name you might call him.' like ninepins. Ableman. England wearied him out by her pertinacity. to the surrender of Cornwallis to Washington. succeeded at tory. King. a great soul. with the heart to dare. in the waged with Napoleon. from victory to victory. So. with the eye to see. on a shoemakers bench or in the President's chair." And this same adaptive pursuit of the main thing has made of Cromwell's and Carlyle's England the First Power in Europe. without winning a single great vicof his in destroying the prestige antagonist (Louis XIV. too. a consummate " Can-ning man.). rather than by the brilliancy of her operations. and sowing the seeds of his final ruin. or still better.) in hand. the acknowledged strongest man in England. Regulator. till the Huntington Farmer became. the bloody field of who disputed. in American history.44 T'/se Conduct of Life man. For this kind of man. when all the great military powers of the continent went down before the iron flail of the ' child of destiny." To a Will of this sort defeats are merely new lights on reason. Koenig. from post to post. should advance. As William Mathews has ' ' said: "The 'asthmatic skeleton' (William III. and to the last interview with Lee.

" By means of a cord. and more rapidly and legibly than the average man of his age who has two good hands. talking about the proposed Atlantic Cable. then across his back. and a very large amount of the local and advertising matter that has gone into his paper. and go to work to lay — — another. By this means. without arms. to whom Holland the Wonderful owes more than to any other son in her brilliant family.*' This One Thing I Do " 45 velopment of colossal resolve. hopefulness in defeat — no lieu- man ever possessed a larger share. devotion to duty." " Suppose. illustrated this element of success Perhaps no historic character has more perfectly than William of Orange. " Of the soldier's great virtues. " constancy in disaster. and discouragements are the goading stimuli of titanic bursts of energy. an American editor has achieved success. By keeping his left elbow bent. and the artificial pen tightly. For ten years. He is enabled to close the fingers of his artificial hand and grasp his pen. he has learned to write with the greatest ease. he has written with this mechanical hand practically all of the editorials. down the tension of the string fingers hold the is continued. while the editor controls its course over the paper by a movement of the upper arm and shoulder." writes Motley. which passes from his artificial hand up then left his right coat-sleeve. That with no . his left coat-sleeve to the remainder of his arm. " you don't succeed? Suppose you make the attempt and fail " then what will you do? your cable is lost in the sea " Charge it to profit and loss." To suppose the iron Will to fail is to suppose a con- tradiction of terms." said Lord Clarendon to Cyrus W. Field.

tenant of eminent valor or experience. The mediocrity of men is too largely of their own creation." It is a statement which points every other man to his ultimate goal that they achieved through that common endowment. He becomes." too lazy to forge on toward the higher goals. there man the material of good work in the world who are brilliant. speaking " in the large.. Requesens. however. not only in those who are quick. Don John of Austria. They were but Intellects working with the " King on his Throne." is in every in every man. lieves that — ." said truly: " In some sense and in some effectual degree. he gradually gives in to this law and is shackled by it. Gladstone. save only hi§ brother Louis. quality of Will The conduct of life hinges on the strength and more than any other factor. deep In his heart beby the proper conduct of his life he can become great or at least win a measure of success that puts him far ahead of the mediocre millions. great and world-famed. only. But as " rest and inertia " is the law of matter. 46 The Conduct of Life. William of — the world — is in itself sufficient evidence of his war- like ability. power of Will. It is here that incessant use of will power is required. and even in those who are dull." men These men. The cry for "opportunity" is essentially weak. not only in those Every normal educated man. with large faith in the "commoners. opportunity crowds upon the imperious Will. but in those who are stolid. and with none at tain's all after that chief- Orange should succeed in baffling the efforts of Alva. and Alexander Farnese men whose names are among the most brilliant in the military annals of death. were.

and assuring yourself on the principles of auto-suggestion. forwards. mighty will with no intelligence behind it is foiled everywhere and without scruple it becomes a menace to the world's peace. By ' what you wish to do we mean the ambitions proper to your intelligence and place in life. by assuring yourself you can do what you wish to do. So 'choose right. . Not to . ' A set yourself an impossible task." This One Thing I Do " " 47 The education of the will should be begun.' and move . ." . is half the battle. Of course no amount of will-power can accomplish impossible aims. con- tradictory as it may seem.

. To feel no lover near: Of such dread loss. And life's a joy divine! ^The Author.SENSE JOYS To see not with a gladsome eye. To sense no fragrance drifting by. oh what choose I Were either loss my fearf Now all these gifts of soul a-thrill. And one good servant. taste With for bread and wine. are mine! Lo. Master Will. And the wide world. Nor own the vibrant ear. riches vast my coffers fill.

It is. " any disorder or depraved condition or element. The whole nature of man must be brought to the task. Fidelity of the body is as nothing if not reinforced by fidelity of the soul. (a) to the individual. (&) to sound human nature in general. Disease is " want of comfort. disease of the Will may be defined as a more or less permanent lack of action." that is. are impaired. we have a case for medical treatment. . then. /T ECHANICAL as obedience ment of disease of — and of mind is (in the treatas well body) but one-half the the patient must not only will. a person's Will is more or less permanently disordered with reference to the normal human standard. the vital energies are wasted. arising from the failure of functions to act in a normal manner." Dr. mental or moral. moral as well as physical. for the seat of the disease is not confined to the body. Salisbury." physical. The Will may become of ease. When a person's Will is more or less permanently disordered with reference to his normal individual When activity. he must believe. the Will. diseased.CHAPTER IV Diseases of the *' * WiLt ' battle M 1V . normal. often the mind. we have A a case for education.

feeling and The standard is that of the individual." thinking and feeling. diseases of Will in the soIn cases of insanity the Will. the " King " remains in his . but is either weakened or controlled by physiological conditions or false ideas. called normal mind. inasmuch as But there are phases of the Will. Strictly speaking.. from an illy-developed mind Thirdly. . not that of normal human nature. a disself. therefore. 50 It is Diseases of the Will the Will First. Classes of Diseased Will Class First: Diseases of Will coming under the head of diseased all mind are shown is in insanity. In diseases of Will which are subject to education not medical. practically to be regarded as diseases. may remain with more or less strength. now to be observed may result — that a diseased condition of from a diseased mind Secondly. mentioned under the third division above. Always the action of the Will depends largely upon the individual's way of acting. and these are. In almost cases of mental variation from the normal stand- ard. ease of the Will it is is a disease of the the self that wills. This follows " a prolonged departure of the in- normal standard of thinking. and thus separates from. Insanity often clearly defines. the Will more or is because insanity dividual's less affected. The " King " is here dethroned. considered as power in mind to put forth some kind of Volition. from causes resident in the Will considered as a " faculty " of mind. which manifest themselves in the midst of otherwise normal conditions of mind.

the outcome is the same. why. In the latter cases jects for medical treatment. or anger. such as fear. It cannot put forth a Volition in the desired direction. as to willing. or permanently irrational as to the standard of average human conduct. or as seen in curious experiences common to most people when the self wishes to act. Inability to will may also obtain temporarily in reverie or ecstasy. or the mind. judgment. in a state of indecision as to getting up of a cold winter morning. conscience. recalling. a sudden great emotion may paralyze the volitional action. Whether the difficulty in cases of illy-developed mind is physiological. all other functions remaining normal. or For example. or joy. The action of mind in willing is as distinct as the action of mind in imagining. Such paralysis runs all the way from momentary to prolonged or total. or a mere lack of belief in one's power to will a given act. Hence it is evident that feeling. but is weak. reasoning.As is the Mind. II Class Second: There are some cases of diseased Will in the illy-developed mind which show paralysis of power. are not always determinative of Will-action. do you suddenly find yourself shivering on the floor and wondering how it happened that you are out of bed ? It needs but to fix that state of irresoluapprehending right and wrong. but seems for the time unable to put forth the necessary Volition. desire. thinking. so is the Will [51 normal position as ruler. For the time-being. Thus. . is in a state of dead-lock. the Will is dead. as we have again subwhen one person was was unable two hours in trying to get his coat off. or to take a glass of water offered. or erratic.

The illy- developed self may will neither correctly nor strongly. lute Volition is strong Volition continued. purposes. in inscale in tensity ranges degrees — up and down a resolute which are three wishing. Now. The energy with which itself or the body obeys Volition. or of the mind engaged in the realm of the sensibilities. strong Volition acts. measures the intensity of the willing sire act. but to say that I will not English. are simply ill-conditions of the self immediately going out in the act of willing. as realities capable of influencing the action of the Will. the imagination." weakly. continues to obey. Willing is a matter of mental states. is But Volition does not wish. purposing and determining. or ease from pain. what are called diseases of the Will under our second division. its Volition becomes strong. act in willing may be weak or inde- When the mind greatly approves a given de- and determines that to be purpose.: 52 Diseases of the Will tion or inability for a period. to show the mind in a dead-lock of the Will. meat or ease from pain is Weak Volition Strong Volition Resofacts the Will exerting itself indicates mental energy in the act of willing. Whether or not Of the mind in general it is said that " willing. and if the purpose is remote. it can do so depends upon many things which are discussed in the Third Part of this book. the state of its mind is predominantly that of desire merely. the reasoning faculties and the moral consciousness. As one has said " I may de: meat. For " the ultimate reason of choice is partly in the ." this is sire an act of mind. in this connection are as follows The When cisive. Volition Weak while Volition wishes.

with all intermediate degrees and shades of difference between the — three. in that which constitutes the mark of the individual in the psychological sense." subject to education that. that distinctive is to say. his special constitution." repeat. good Will may or may not act quickly that depends upon the individual's constitution." and partly in possible ideals. the Will holds steadfastly to the thing in hand. weak. This passion is the man — the psychic expresmade it. spring from and that depends upon it And is. if fluctuating. but it is marked by power when it does act. stable or fluctuating. so is the Will 53 character. is precisely because " this fundamental state according to the individual constitution. continuous or variable. But these differences. the general tone of the individual's feelings. that this book written. weak and intermittent. that the first and true motor. we the character of the individual. If this is lacking the individual cannot exercise Will at all. is the general tone of his organism. The highest type of Will reveals " a mighty.As is the Mind. in the and differentiates him from all other individuals same species. but when personal wisdom succeeds in influence. may become : strong. A good Will may or may not persist that depends upon the constitution and the dictates of personal wis: A dom . It is precisely because this fundamental state is. strong or weak. following which he may more or less change that dis" It is tinctive character. so stable. that we have three principal types of Will strong. if variable it may become if is may become continuous. according to the individual constitution. it it and improvement." sion of his constitution as nature Historic . irrepressible passion which controls all the thoughts of the man.

In the next lower grade the above harmony between the outer conduct and the inner purpose is broken by various groups of tendencies. but the willing-act of the mind. weak or strong. and the meanest of mankind. but opposing the central purpose. That question refers simply to Will-power. Jekyll and Mr. itself being swift or slow.54 Diseases of the Will examples are seen in Caesar. regardless of the direction or the quality of exercise. The Will is what its it is. each influencing the conduct in turn. to insanity. Dr. Hyde are two beings in one person. or the naked Will. working together. the wisest . if an individual's muscular power were in question. the morality or the wisdom of its use might be variously estimated. is rightly or wrongly. Napoleon. and produced but one masterpiece. just as. yet yielded to the seductions of his inventive genius. not now the question in hand. tion of such diverting purposes denotes a degradation of the Will. off the The man is switched main track. Whether the Will be exercised wisely or foolishly. A multiplica- still further Lastly appear those types of diseased Will peculiar Ill Class Third •' In this division we have before us. following Art. capable of endurance or easily exhausted. but unable to cope with the tendencies of the other. and Leonardo da Vinci. Michael Angelo. . not the mind as acting. none ruling for long. A third grade is seen where two or more main purposes alternately sway the individual. Francis Bacon was called "the greatest. each possessing a strong Will for himself." hav- ing diverged from the highest line of rectitude.

as considered in the third class. strenuous activity. For the mind that suffers the deadlock of Will there is no other remedy than actual. good health. Some . They drift. or . Cure: Cultivate the habit of concentrated attention will. — Want of Volitional Impulse. Cultivate the Moods of Resolution and Decision. they are automata. rarely. their imagination is good for evils. and practical. they cannot weigh motives. limited to two general forms: want of power and resolve themselves into : want of stability. full life. ecstasy. people never attain to a clear view of any situation they cannot see the essential details. they do not act according to specific determinations. of reverie. . they are as helpless as driftwood. But these general divisions more specific cases. and. etc. anyJo the thing in hand. ecstasy. medical treatment. hence they can never. Cure: Of insane cases. they cannot forecast the future they are wanting in courage as to possible consequences. (See Chapter VI. where the mind is so fully absorbed by some fanciful condition as to be momentarily incapable of willing contrary thereto. in its extraordinary crises. pro and con resolve to . decisive determination. and the vigorous action. of those like. so far as concerns the ordinary aiifairs of life. so is the Will 55 is Disease of Will. concrete life. as follows 1.As is the Mind. or in cases of reverie. come to a definite. in which one could not get his coat off.) 2. will is A state of mind in which the impulse to wanting is illustrated in the cases already cited. but not for benefits. they are creatures of momentary impulse . Inability to Decide..

although aware that it is not a mature decision. Mood of Decision. straight line. was probably never a man endowed with such remarkable gifts who accomplished so little that the great defect of his character was worthy of them being the want of Will to turn his gifts to account so Coleridge " There — . somehow. with the best experience. confident that such resolution. comprehension and comparison into active. a writer on Mental Philosophy has described a historic example of this prevalent disease speaking of universal. memory or reason." Act always on the Cultivate the 3. . and feel that he is making the best decision he can at the time. The failures of life. he never brought himself even seri- . with numerous gigantic projects constantly floating in the mind. imagination. Many important decisions of life are of this kind — off-hand decisions.' And especially ought it to be remembered that " call- ing upon others for help in forming a decision is worse than useless. Weakness of Volition. A man must so train his habit as to rely upon his own courage in moments of emergency. it seems to be The energetic person is the exception. will ultimately interests. Whether it be owing to a want of feeling. which are innumerable. instant exercise. are largely due to this disorder of the Will.: 56 Diseases of the Will light rapidly how. Thus. approved by the whole cabinet of In that case he must bring all his his mental powers. under the lessons of come out best for individual " Sometimes a person encounters emergencies where he must make a decision. desire. examined. and act. that.

There are those. Cultivate the 4. too. as in pursuing the means of a livelihood. so is the Witt It 57 used ously to attempt to execute any one of them. ceived. that whenever either natural obliga- made it his duty to do anything. not really the subjects of his Volitions. whether main or inof Will. said in his " Confessions " " I seldom could prevail upon myself to write a an answer of a few words. although seldom in so marked a degree as in the above cases." Such are historic examples of Will-power so weak as to be practically nil. They are common in life.As is the Mind. or even letter. with inability to will as the paramount reason for determining now ! — to will with the greatest energy. the celebrated victim of the opium habit. but he never goes far in any one direction." So De Quincey. who exhibit not even the dumb adherence of labor. to any that I rewas the utmost that I could accomplish. the fact seemed a sufficient reason for his not doing it. "I Cure: Cultivate the sustained mental attitude Resolve to Will " The Resolute Mood ought to be kept constantly before and in the mind. but fly from scheme to scheme. In certain main or underlying lines of activity he may show great apparent steadfastness. tion or voluntary undertaking to be said of him. but these lines are necessitated and automatic or habitual. . months on my writing-table. This disease is the basis of all grades of poverty. sistent so far as In this case the man is perhe goes. and often that not until the letter had lain weeks. Fickleness Mood of Energy.

during the whole course of this class. . continued purpose. the mind should determine. the Will has become exhausted. to work each theory or scheme to the end thereof. Want of perseverance sudden due to the It fact that the Will wears out any given direction. Want of Perseverance." or " I can't hold out in the simply run eflfort. the In Will is subject to every new impulse. but that the iron should not be put there without due deliberation. is. Mood of Continuity. every supposed rea- ing reason for not changing. while following the course of bread-winning. settle it is son for a change of action should be made a determinThe extra schemes need down to the not necessary for any person to mere drudgery of existence. fickle There it is a marked dif- ference between this condition of Will and that of fickleness. then becomes like a tired muscle .$8 Diseases of the Witt cidental. not be given up . Its characteristic phrase " I am tired of the thing. resolve. the mind refuses or fails to volitionate with reference to an old purpose. Generally speaking. and that once in. swear. but. Cultivate the 5. Cure: The cautious beginning. Cure: The resolution to refrain from yielding permanently to such momentary exhaustion patience with . the resolute purof the undertaking to the end." Resolution has down . Minds thus afflicted should learn to attend to one thing at a time. it should suit receive undivided attention so long as required by the end in view. as birds fly from tree to tree. with no longlife. Will is because in yields to is or new impulses. not in the sense that only a single iron should be kept in the fire.

The saying. Moods of Understanding. so as to be maintainable in the direst extremity of feeling. Ordinarily but without violent loosing of all violence signifies weakness. " I am tired of it. willed interest has failed. Will. are sudden releases of energy revealing an overcharged or unbalanced nervous tone. it surely indicates want of self-control. and if this kind of Will is characteristic. carried on round-about. calmCure: ness cultivated. This cure is infallible. which will almost invariably follow. but a new view or another mental attitude may inspire spontaneous interest hence. powers. unpremeditated crime. a forecasting and vivid realiza- A . but it is by no means easy." indicates simply a temporary lack of interest. is the Will 59 the mind's present inertia vigorous search. for new points of view and new interest. healthy tone of the individuality. Any explosion indicates Great temper. is tutional monarch. Cultivate the Continuity. so . it is unfit It The Will must control itself. but they are rare. There are exigencies of life which demand such eruptive outgoes of Volition. volcanic Volitions. or may decide quickly and irreits sistibly. . or rushes into action like a torrent from a broken reservoir of water.As is the Mind. the matter should be held over until the search for new interest has awakened a spontaneous action of the Will. The Explosive want of equilibrium. The true Will is a constinever ruled by mob influences or despotic motives. With some men power is always in what may be called a chemico-psychical state of instability. and to reign. The Will leaps to its decisions like an animal upon its prey. Reason and 6.

sentiment nor reason. at the mo- ment of temptation. sure to follow. a vigorous repression. George the Third and Philip the Second take first rank among man vestigation. Cultivate the Spirit of Concession. and to profit thereby. all others are obstinate in their difference or their opposition. Cultivate the 7. the case rightly settled. cultivated. His weakness is his refusal to consider. but true obstinacy obstinate is firmness of Will carried beyond the dictates of reason or right. There are socalled cases of obstinacy which exhibit a curious want set of Will-power. not because he is perverse. The chief characteristic I don't of this disease care. a determination to recall past experiences. of all feelings. " With neither patience. 8. for or against. rushes the man on to a given act or a line of con- . determination to swallow pride and yield to wisdom. and it is he alone is right. Mood of Reason and Righteousness. Obstinacy. and which will equal the outburst. The Headstrong Will. greater weight given the judgment of others the spirit of concession attention to reasons . Cure: The most minute." it may be seen in the expression.6o Diseases of the Will tion of the reaction. letting them out in some unimportant side-issue. We have here an excess of Will as upon some particular act or state. as well as the broadest. incarnations of obstinacy. The always believes himself to be right in the matter at hand. but because he does not perceive the need for further inis with him all settled. He is willful.

Perversity.As viction. The is Will is here strong. Napoleon on the way is the Headstrong Will. but it is used in a manner that consciously wrong. a condition of mind open to conviction kept steadily before thought. The Will that is merely may be fixed by wisdom and right (self-conceived). Mood of Reason. determination to force attention upon the opinions of others . Cultivation of memory as to past experi- and of imagination as to future. regardless of self-con- not only a case of obstinacy. mere wish. notwithstanding the mind's recognition of the same. crucifying attention to opposing motives and reasons. as much as — . Cure: ences. elevation into the field of thought of deepest personal convictions . resolute heed to the advice of others. It is is the Mind. review of past experiences. but of It is the heedlessness as well. resolution to study previous consequences and to profit by them. so is the Will 6i duct. peculiarly set in obstinate The perverse Will is obstinate. each matter thought out. but perversity of Will shows itself in twisting the dictates of both. Cultivate the 9. Moscow Cure: Cultivation of humility. but wrong directions. slow. step by step. Will self-hypnotized to by senseless desire. Thousands of men are perversely willful when they fully know that the course they are pursuing is foolish and injurious. unmindful of warning. persistent and candid examination of one's own con- character and of the basic principles of human which are few in number and easily mastered duct and committed to memory.

powers of reasoning. cannot be trained or perfected alone can cure its own diseases. Its native force is so great. and resources so un- is capable of achieving wonderful resaid. It is the best thing we have. to a lack of is due knowledge of the Will. great . mind should change its point of view. In general. the Will the may be said to be diseased . But. is. when the and reason in regard to. and the most It alone weapon that we saw. being put out of the way. and the question. and belief in your own Will. the about other physical conditions. its is recuperative limited that sults. mind cannot patiently attend when the mind cannot clearly and persistently exercise memory when the mind cannot clearly and persistently exercise the imagination. get into a new atmosphere of life. that it. is. for the reason that a true knowledge of the will would mean immense conits Lack of Confidence —" This cause fidence in powers. power it so sure. it is so important that it merits to be put will-maladies down as a special cause.62 Diseases of the Will possible. can develop As we from without. and bring fast to give As an assistance. It it wield. willingness held up when convinced. Cultivate the 10." we should place trust and confidence in Cultivate confidence 11. if Many would disappear its only we trusted in the will. of itself. Moods of Reason and Righteousness. The one essential thing however. All that is as we have needed is a firm confidence in it. sistently exercise the mind will not call up. What is right or best? substituted. effective itself. It our highest and most perfect faculty. in Will. when the mind cannot clearly and per- when .

indecision. headstrong willfulness and per- Cure: Resolute cultivation of the willing-mood. want of perseverance. fickleness. faithful . versity. violence. so is the Will 63 principles. Because of these failures arise weakness.As moral is the Mind. obstinacy. and observance of all exercises suggested in Part III.

. bankrupt go Still. the case thy soul — Ne^er weakling wins the goal. — master be Splendidly! Be master! Must test Of thy place: In sooth. court the dream Still. — Be master! Of one art: 'Twill strain thy heart 'And drain life's best To prove this kingly quest. Lord "Power" to know.BE MASTER Be master! Of thy work I Mayhap 'twill irk Or nerve or bone To capture crown and thronei Still. Stand thou supreme! — — ^The Author.

as useful actions as into we can.CHAPTER y Training of the Will t*/' AHE great thing in I _M. or the leaving off of an old one." Professor William James. and as carefully guard against growing ways that are likely to be disadvantageous. all education is to make our our nervous system our enemy. and on every emotional prompting you may experience in the direction of the habits you aspire to gain. — The power of person developed. and to continue a series of actions with an end in view. but that ability to originate a purposeful action. By this statemeant. not only that it may be exercised and strengthened by the various agencies of command. " Never suffer an exception to occur till the new habit is securely rooted in your life. ally instead of " For this early as possible. as we must make many automatic and habitual. " Seize the very first possible opportunity to act on every resolution you make. as ment is in Will may be trained and has been suggested. we must take care to launch ourselves with as strong and decided an initiative as possible. may be cultivated and disciplined by personal attention . " In the acquisition of a new habit. encouragement. and instruction in the school-room.

Theory and and inculcation of laws and propositions. than that of the intellect. In works on psychology and education. that we learn to do by overcoming." to hap-hazard methods. so to speak." In many persons Will-power is confessedly weak." It is singular that so little would seem to have been written on this important subject. And life being very largely. but lies into exercise. will have a science. such scant attention in modern educational methods. automatic.: 66 thereto. Training of the Will and by specific exercises individual. in multitudes the Will exhibits the disorders mentioned in the chapter on " Diseases of the Will. and that the training of the Will should now receive. by obeying reason and con. that . will never of themselves lead to the uniform habit of right action. importance. " The education of the Will is really of far greater doctrine. precept or example. paragraphs may be found here and there indicating the importance of Will-training. but they are curiously deficient in suggestions of methods referring the matter to per- sonal effort. whether by authority. It is by doing. we learn to obey and every right action which we cause to spring out of pure principles. as it does. dormant for want of being called and here it is that judicious training can work its greatest wonders. as shaping the destiny of the individual. Education of the mind's powers should not be left If the end of education is the . that greater weight in the formation of character than all the theory in the world. we learn to overcome. The need of stick undertaken by the development and train- ing is evident from the following facts " Not unfrequently a strong volitional power originally exists.

any scientific method which seeks. memory." The Will Grows by Exercise " 67 evolution of these powers. as all mental faculties are mutual in interaction. Any direct effort to cultivate the imagination must affect the growth of the perceptive powers. 2. Yet the application of definite and scientific methods to the discipline and growth of the perceptive powers. affect the growth of memory. imagination and reason. Any direct effort to cultivate the perceptive powers must and reason. 3. In what school to-day are classes formed for the education of the tific power of observation? Where is scien- attention given to the cultivation of the imagina- . methods of the direct gym- nasium order are in demand. And any direct effort to cultivate the perceptive powers. imagination. the imagination. whether immediately or remotely related thereto. imagination Any affect the direct effort to cultivate the memory must growth of the perceptive powers. And. Any direct effort powers must imagination. reasoning or moral faculties must affect the growth of the Will. Principles in Will-Training 1. 4. to cultivate memory and reason. 6. the reasoning affect the perceptive powers. the memory and the reason seems to be largely wanting in all the schools. the development of one faculty. imagination and reason. 5. memory. must result in cultivation of others. by specific gymnasium exercises. memory and Any direct effort to cultivate the moral faculties must affect the growth of the perceptive powers.

(a) as a static power through deliberated and intelligent exercises. So. Activity of the brain reacts upon the particular fac- ulty engaged. having acquired " a disposition so to act through previous exercises under external stimulation.68 tion ? Training of the Will What college schedules any definite number of hours to the strengthening and training of the memory ? Probably nowhere in the world are there any specific efforts made to increase and train the power of the Will. acquire in that are gradually some way a ' disposi- tion to conjoint action along lines of least resistance. (&) as a dynamic energy continuing through a series of acts by deliberate and intelligent determination that such shall be the be case. own physiological "The different parts of the brain which are exercised together." As the seat of the Will is the whole person. upon the parit in some unknown' way. It is the claim of the present stronger work that the Will may by the employment of proper methods. — modifying specially. — to speak more ticular brain element engaged.' re- formed for nervous action by the . And this. and bringing about a subsequent " physiological disposition " to act in a particular manner. musicians acquire enormous of hands and fingers. Thus. May be Accomplished: strengthen by systematic exercises which shall tend to it as a faculty. people facility in the use who have lost their sight are able to picture visible objects independently of external stimulation. made Cultivation of the Will First. so the its exercise of willing brings about disposition.

. " It is well for our actions to grow habituated to a considerable extent. And the lower forms of exercise in bodily movement prepare the way." " So it is that habits may be voluntarily or uncon- sciously formed. The growth of Will implies thus a ." " Lines of least resistance " stant action of certain ends. for the higher exercises. Each form of its becomes more perfect by practice.. activity The Will grows by exercise. attainment does not weaken Will. At the same time in modifying our movements and adapting them to new circumstances."The Will Grows by Exercise" 69 peated flow of nerve-energy in certain definite directions. may be formed by con- mind in willing. The willcrease in ing-act becomes stronger. In this way nerve-energy is economized and the powers of the mind are left free for other matters. . equally positive.. its All such results involve the Will. is more facile. but rather strengthens application to general conduct. but an inpower within the person as determining to choose motives and to put forth Volitions. ." But the development of Will not only involves establishment of facility along easiest channels. action in a definite and unvarying form (&) the widen- . and old habits may be voluntarily Their abandoned. the fixing of oft-repeated .. is and it also becomes it Increase of power not relative alone. in certain ways and for "The Cerebrum thought in which of man grows to the modes of it is habitually exercised. much of our life consists . two-fold process: (a) the deepening of particular aptitudes and tendencies. to some extent at least. that is..

according to strength and scope. " The Will can never originate any form of mental activity. the Will may be cultivated by general improvement of the mind as a whole. 70 Training of the Will ing of these active capabilities by a constant variation of old actions. which may be quickened. which represents. and larger continuity in a series of Volitions having an end in view. . The emotions. the intelligent cultivation of which widens the range of motives and imparts to the mind facility and force in selection of reasons for action 3." new adaptations. The perceptive faculties. by time. . or special combina- tions suited to the particular circumstances of the Secondly. and for the symmetrical development of the Will as a function.. and this especially if. various remote and contingent. the purpose of stronger Willpower be kept constantly in mind." But it can select among the objects of consciousness. both for the formation of aptitudes. because of increased mental power and wiser treatment of various motives . by developing natural gifts. Its efforts to do so will invariably improve itself: by cultivating attention. its The imagination. Exercises for a general development of mind must present a variety of motives for consideration with a view to the act of willing. by instituting correct habits of thinking and of living. — thus increasing the vividness of motives and inducing Volitions 2. by shutting out subjects of thought. giving it greater force while putting forth Volitions. and in thus utilizing the powers of mind can improve the latter. This involves: 1. in all intellectual growth.

to the same which requires cultivaweigh the force and value of The deliberative faculty. the Will may be by development of the moral character. Will Grows by Exercise" 71 as well as immediate. memory." said Seneca. " is he who chooses right with the most invincible determination. Socrates possessed what he called his Daimonion. and business men are often guided by a similar " feeling " or " judg" So. tion in order adequately to motives 5. A developed moral consciousness modifies consideration of motives through perception. The cultivation of Will in its highest values. also. imagination." and increases the force and continuity of that act of the stitutes mind by which it con- any motive a Sufficient Reason. Thus." Self-development involves the moral quality and symmetry of the soul as sustaining relations to its fellows and to Deity." of conduct. but never affirmatively advised an act or a ment." an inner voice which forbade certain actions. " The greatest man. . reasons. Such "intuitions" may be searched out and examined for the underlying reasons. reasons for choice of motives. but needs strict and constant attention to prevent the reign of impulse. course and this effort will usually bring to light some hidden cultivated cause for the impulse to act or refrain from action. depends upon its exercise in a moral sense. The intuitive faculty. Thirdly. frequently impels or prohibits cultivated and may wisely be by intelligent obedience. which. therefore. reason and " intuition."The and adherence 4. women are wont to follow intuitions of expediency. without being able its to furnish choice. This involves every conscious mental function in action with reference to a moral end.

and obedience thereto phly." The latter replied " I will not be unfaithful to the cause of Christ. "though were combined against me as thick as the tiles upon the housetops " A Will which might have become disordered or illy-developed but for the mighty moral character of the reformer. . by enabling self to deliberate with greater clearness. Above will "I devils ! . All human powers are interdependent and interactive. . by bringing to the fore truest motives and goals in the conduct of life — motives." with consequent aptitudes and habits which more or less react upon personal power to will. . righteousness makes for Will. by prohibiting certain acts or lines of conduct. A morally growing life establishes "lines of least resistance. 4thly. forethought and wisdom among all possible 2dly. by inspiring a constant search for truth." shouted Luther. by presenting in mind for its consideration new and motives of an unfamiliar nature Sdly. and by destroying injurious habits.. What has righteousness to do with Willpower? Answer: What has Will-power to do with righteousness? Will makes for righteousness. Luther said to Erasmus " You desire to walk upon eggs without crushing them. at least so far as the age will permit me. motives for action. Sthly. by inciting to noblest planes of being and holding before consciousness the great alternatives of human destiny for ultimate good or evil. go to Worms." An untruthful Will : : in a scholar's brain. by instituting self-control of the highest order 6thly. 72 Training of the Will Moral development cultivates the Will: jst.

physical and co-operates with and animal intelligence In man. which end always appeals to the Will. that that is. Conversely. and so adding to its power. When sound mind cooperates with correct sense-impressions. When both body and mind are in a healthy condition. it widens the of and develops new adaptations and tendencies by presenting larger and more varied worlds of motive and conduct. the one with the other. the result health." The Will Grows by Exercise " all. normality. hence the instincts are is right. the physical life ought to co-ordinate with mind. is. it exhibits truth. And truthful. plus Will. in the volitional nature deals with sions are normal. physical sensations tend always to produce right or normal action of mind. just as normal or right action of mind tends to produce good health truthful physical sensations. because the physical basis right animal intelligence. Such life is true. Instinct co-ordinates with vital chemistry in normal animal life. true. Mind is sensation plus perception. 73 field at least in this connection. it is a full realization of itself. plus . Physical health signifies right. they will invariably co-operate. that In a healthy body these impresis. physical sensations. that is to say. are normal and true. active capabilities The same truth may be reached from a material life is physical. starting-point. truth in the — is whole man. mind ought to co-ordinate similarly with his life. Instinct in turn co-operate with the physical nature to maintain its normality or truth. normal. with an ultimate end having reference to the individual and his relations to others. The basis of human The original ground of impulse sense-impressions. calling it into activity. truthful.

and the mind which lacks in right- wiseness cannot properly deliberate among motives. from its field the best motives. and mality. constitution of Sufficient Reason.74' Training of the Will memory. plus consciousness — self-consciousness. as already seen. health. If sonality is not normal. working of objective consciousness for mental freedom. then. as well as weak or disordered . The Will is an ex- hibition of the character. vigorous action of rect observation. Righteousness which is right-wiseness toward all powers and all realities becomes. and thus can- not wisely constitute Sufficient Reason. perception of things as they are. convictions sub-consciousness. truth. the sole true developer and trainer of the human Will. deliberation among the same. This co-ordination produces. and mental or bodily obedience thereto will miss . memory of facts as they have existed. inability continuing. conclu- sions correctly deduced from correct premises and cor- based in the actual moral nature of things. sane ideas of self. plus reason. imagination of reality in true relations. The un- — — righteous mind is sure to exhibit disease or disorder of the Will. any of these respects the perThe end of each function is nothing more nor less than exhibition of truth . put- ting forth of the volitional act. mind is deficient in sub-consciousness. nor- Out of such a truth-condition of being comes always the highest form of Will-power. involves presentation of motives. habituating in activities conducive to self-interest. exercise of lish habits of Hence. the individual constitution. plus imagination. it is. because the act of Will. Then there is a perfect co-ordination among all the elements of human nature and character. moral consciousness. such Will must surely estabVolition.

make ous rival to contend with than the ideal of the highest strength and the most energetic life. I have known hunger and nakedness to the utmost extremity of human suflfering. but they have never yet had the power to turn me from my purpose." The Will Grows by Exercise " Volitions put forth in all 75 wrong directions. to any man. or even to hesitate at. and finds training in all intelligent activity. all the Will. sure to and he thinks himself a man of strong Will. : Said John Ledyard. any evil whereby his selfish aim is assured. Will-power issuing from good physical. It is observed by Novalis. the more it no defeat dismay. I have known what it is to have food given me as charity to a madman. He is only an egotist. The more it toils. without integrity and a soul of goodness. gives to life's endeavors resistless force. in his ' Thoughts on Morals. The truth-showing below disorganizes is mental all life is absolutely best. may only represent the embodied principle of evil. Such evils are terrible to bear. and I have at times been obliged to shelter myself under the miseries of that character to avoid a heavier calamity. the maximum of . or will own. mental and moral health. so that in time must become chronic and settle into types of Will that fail to manifest normality and truth. The righteous moral life absolutely best below destroys the dynamic power of Will. the Explorer " My distresses have been greater than I have owned. wherein right co-ordination obtains.' that the ideal of moral perfection has no more dangerhis way. resolves." " Energy. all : The law-abiding physical life is absolutely below weakens Will. disorders Observe best. No obstacle can deter it. morally unable to resist. to carry his point." But observe : " He is spoken of as a — man of iron Will.

and all other world-famous men have been the ways ready to respond." You should resolve to secure such a grade of will by doing disagreeable things. Creasy in " Fifteen Decisive Battles. or things of apparent insignificance which ordinarily you shirk doing. ever ready with fresh resources and designs. vises all to do something occasionally for no other reason than that they would rather not do it. however high . A will schooled in this way is al- no matter how great the emergency. He likens such effort to the insurance a man pays on his house. S. George Washington. better than accustoming Professor James adit to face disagreeable things. ambition. The powers of the human intellect. if it is nothing more than giving up a seat in a street car. with as much seeming ease as if the ac- tion were agreeable. cool. reflects on all and provides for all. Julius Csesar. yet daring in the midst of peril. Every lifting of a weight by the biceps is adding muscular power to your arms. Oliver Cromwell. be a perfect ideal ready for of the devil. He has something he can fall back upon in time of trouble. possessors of wills that acted in the line of the greatest resistance. and renders effort in this it complex world." But these qualities." " are rarely more strongly displayed than they are in the commander who regulates. arrays. every little act of will deliberately carried to completion is adding to your power of will. as the vicissitudes of the storm of slaughter require." says Professor E." " Nothing schools the will. to pride. and wields at his Will these masses of armed disputants (in battle) who. " .76 the barbarian Training of the Will — which needs only a due admixture of and selfishness.

are to be found in the basest as well as the noblest of mankind. Alva surpassed the Prince of Orange in the field." The Will Grows by Exercise they 77 may appear. Catiline was as brave a and a much better officer." The law of the right Will symmetrical character. To adopt the emphatic words of Byron "'Tis the cause makes all. Degrades or hallows courage in its fall. soldier as Leonidas. and Suwarrow was the military superior of Kosciusco. is the law of the all-round .

E'en psychic states deceive th' abiding soul.HEED NOT THY MOODS When And tyrant moods their meshes gossamer. the And in God's silence make heart of being's wheel. Moods fickle from the phantom world ascend. — The Authos. th' eternal things conceal. And life is this: to find the deeper whole. all woe thy weal. my friend. Fling o'er thy ill spirit. . The things which seem. and yet demur. Lord Will: confess. Belied as steely bonds no slave may rend. oh. Thy changeless self. Call thou all goods aver. Shall Will on aims a cables strength confer? The clamorous Aesh breeds fantasies unreal. portend where dreams And ever to that Master-Servant bend.

a morbid condition of mind." " which persist for some time together." says Titchener in " An Outline of Psychology. spirit spiring the individual to be or to do in certain ways. — — a matter of mood : a temporary mme inof mind. a kind of zeal. a capricious Man's conscious life is largely — — A state of feeling. are termed moods. but suffirst suggestion of a friend to opinion. a heat of anger. soul. It is only the man who carries into his pursuits that great quality which Caesar." wisely. can advance to eminence in any line. with every breath of caprice that blows can never accomplish anything — real or useful. and veers like a weathercock to every point of the compass. undismayed by those that petty difficulties which daunt a weaker spirit William Wirt. continued: Moods * A Study of */ fers his resolution to be changed T I '\ HE man who is perpetually will hesitating which of two things he neither. — who by the counter- fluctuates from opinion from plan to plan. do first will do The man who resolves. the stronger. then resolves firmly. which exhaust the organism in a comparatively short time. heart.CHAPTER VI Training of the Will. — who Lucan ascribes to first consults and then executes his purpose with inflexible perseverance. nescia virtiis stare loco. . mood is a disposition or humor. "The weaker emotive states.

but. Keep up this rigid discipline day after day and week after week. mood mood may be is simply conquer and build that of persistent determination to up only such moods as stand for personal welfare. not getting The mood on with a person the mood of exasperation chagrin. are merely examples of a very familiar Many of our moods are good and indis- pensable to our best work. the mood for creation. no matter how hard or disagreeable it may be. The method Your undesirable moods will vanish if you multiply yourself faithfully into the pages of this book. The mood ' . Thus the ." The above subject. attraction and repulsion. and you will soon learn the art of arts — perfect self-mastery." " Training under pressure is the finest discipline in the world. Their influence never ceases — . states of reference to the action of the Will. special states of Moods are. You know what is right and what you ought to do. gloom. the mood of hopefulness." Summary of Moods First. as Orison Swett Harden remarks in " Every Man a King. This is the time to get a firm grip on yourself.8o A Study of Moods are called passions. the of mastery. that of sorrow. secondly. therefore mental person in general . as. those of ' charm is ' ' and tedium. and so on. the of hatred mood is of melancholy. to hold yourself steadily to your task. even when you do not feel like doing it. to be sure. banished from mind and Every life. sympathy and antipathy. those of kindliness and sulkiness. represents the emotion of joy the mood of cheerfulness mood of depression Like and dislike have the moods of content and discontent. the mood evil of labor. The end requires work. of care is anxiety.

There is as much evidence of the reality of the immaterial inner ego as of the existence of an objective universe. in part at least. the body and itself that the present chapter deals."Know Thyself" 8l during consciousness. As the individual is servant or master of his moods. this book has nothing to do directly with any so-called " science of healing. the influence of body over mind (over mind the directly and over mind through bodily slates) mind affecting itself intermediately by means of its inIt is with the power of mind on fluence upon the body. but they originate. All evidences go to show mutual dependence. of body and spirit. both entities are real. The theory is " a " fad and will soon pass away. in that deeper known — the sub- No mind error is greater than that theory which makes the product of matter. spirit The man is bound up in body. he is servant or master of himself. An equal error is seen in the notion that the man's self is an entity absolutely separate as an existence from the body. Moods manifest is directly in the objective man. The sum-total of moods exhibits the conscious and the sub-conscious man." whether " Christian " or " Mental. self of which so little conscious. And the demonstration of the physical man as an actual entity is just as sure as the demonstration of the inner ego. What the connection is between body and spirit is a fathommystery but that connection stands for the mutual dependence of the physical and the immaterial in man. less ." except as imme- — — diately following. both for existence and for manifestation. Let it be understood. . These evidences cover the influence of mind over body. but exist and manifest the one through the other.

" Supposing manifest. of that on holiwhich is be- . never toward that which is believed to be non-existent. yet seek to cure. but it does show that one believes it exists.' which does not ignore the reality of the physical world nor of the body and its sensations in their normal relations to that world." either by self or by others. will that that yet seek to eliminate sin. for one — and — which to take thing. Herein are its errors To To deny. It is equally impossible to will to eliminate sin is believed to be non-existent ness — the absence. disorganizes a normal dealing which one believes or be one thing or another as to its states. by means of a igreat law as yet little understood. but is based upon the recognition of the absolute supremacy of the mind over them. sense-experievil ence. "There are but two really distinct fundamental phases which the doctrine of metaphysical healing has assumed. The Will volitionates only toward that which is believed to exist. to deny. disease. The belief lusion. may not show that it body exists. is to dethrone the normal Will. that one believes does not exist is pure de- It is impossible to will to is really change any physical condition which believed to be non-existent. The first is the pure metaphysical idealism upon which the original ' Science' is based — the Christian non-reality of the material world and sense-experience. it denies the material world. The fact that body yields to suggeswith life. and to one or the other of these the varying special claims belong. and so of disease.82 A Study of Moods All genuine cases of healing by these so-called methods are results of " suggestion. The second is the doctrine of what is properly called ' Mental Science. and or sin. strives to believe does not exist shall tion in genuine cases of healing. disease.

" The WiU is here set toward a claim the "absolute suwhich cannot be substantiated What is called " — premacy" of "mind over body". which signify the shunning of that which is believed to have no existence. spirit. as — yet — — assist. In other words. There are innumerable instances which show that the " supremacy of mind over body " is not absolute. which. and in asserting the " absolute supremacy " of " mind over body. body. if conditions for the action of self over the body. Of . the Will. is here dethroned as a normal Mental Science " asserts the reality of matter. disease and sin. It is no province of Will to will a disbelief in plain facts. indeed. but bases its Its theories upon the power of " mind over matter. the Will here sets itself to the task of ignoring what are at least intermediate agencies for assisting person to control bodily conditions. facts. It may be that the supposed a delusion. Moreover. but the normal person employs the eating of food as an intermediate is its influence over the physical Medical Science may be no true science but its treatments certainly all and all in no other way. and the possession of those moral qualities. is disproved.''Know Thyself* lieved to have 83 no existence. unless a multitude of facts in life are to be willed out of the field of belief. in establishing right mental necessity for food at least means for exerting organism." error consists in constructing a " science " on partial data and on laws which are but imperfectly understood. for a second thing. a power given to man to guide him through realities. not fictitious imaginations fully understood to be non-existent as faculty. In all this we have the willed influence of mental states over body which is denied and over mental states that are believed to be without actuality.

Special mental which exert various influ- ences over the body.84 A is. a food augments. false." Sorrow increases the flow of Anxiety may induce perspiration or the opposite. Great mental depression makes . tion of feeling or thought frequently brings about insensibility to pain. " process set up anywhere in the centres reverber- A ates everywhere. foods and some medicines are or in particular applications. organism throughout. We now return to the discussion of moods. and in some way or other affects the making its activities either tears. in them- It remains for the normal person to select right foods and to use right medicines as parts of the present system of things. Science needs to become less empirical and materialistic. genuine medi" whatever sustains. greater or lesser. Division of Moods First General Division of states of mind in general Moods. or supphes nourishment to organic bodies. — A Some selves. tion now disclosed Any great emoExalta- may increase or retard the circulation. totally stops the Intense nervous anxiety or fear in a public speaker sometimes almost flow of saliva." course the necessity for foods cine in a large sense. with the influence of mental states sought and culti- vated as being originated and maintained interme- employment of that which is real Medical its power over belief. and " Mental Science " needs to enlarge its field by recognition of facts and the medicinal utility of nadiately through the in itself and real in ture. It is that great anger poisons the blood. Study of Moods is real.

Cheerfulness and hope tend to tone up the entire system. Incessant mental activity robs the body of assimilated nourishment. Hate blinds all mental faculties not immediately engaged in its gratiMusicians. and is sometimes vastly diminished. and dulled or . The logical faculties are swayed by the passions. sations. speakers and exhibitors are greatly influenced by the psychic atmosphere about them. Muscular energy is increased by violent emotions. or the setting of the teeth " on edge " at the thought of saw-filing. creases the perceptive powers. Fear quickens some persons intellects. Thyself" 85 A surgical operation causes and a noisome object may bring on vomiting. Many can accomplish large things only under great excitement. By fixing the attention upon certain parts of the body the blood may be directed to those parts. while with others excitement paralyzes the powers. as some Ideas frequently induce actual physical sen- nausea at the thought of disgusting food. Disease may be incurred through conditions of mind."Know latent disorders patent. but quickens the latter. public fication. and is always made greater by an exertion of the Will. Worry cultivates dyspepsia. The imagination is sometimes obscured or confused by disease. but others. Similarly with the influence of states of person over mental dulls activities. strength. and is often warded off by the same agency. The fury of the madman is accompanied by superhuman spectators to faint. sometimes made more powerful by the same. and is always rendered vigorous and facile by exalted trains of thought. recall past scenes. events Interest always in- The mind's is ability to and knowledge increased by a clear brain and a healthy tone acted upon by some pleasing emotion.

86

A

Study of Moods

sharpened as the mind seems sluggish or keen in other Consciousness of right or wrong often derespects.

pends upon the mental tone of the individual.

Such
eral of

illustrations disclose the value to life in gen-

an

intelligent

understanding of psychic
is
its

states.

And among
tion to the

the mind's powers the Will

no excep-

sway of

various moods.

.These con-

siderations

make

clear the

II

Second Division of Moods.

Mental

states

having

direct reference to the act of willing.

The Will has

may be

analyzed, and by which

cultivated

own moods, by which its functions it may and ought to be and made to regulate itself in the highest
its

manner. These volitional moods are of importance because they are creative states and may be maintained, thus exercising the Will and becoming permanent factors in the conduct of life. They indicate person's attitude toward the act of willing, and so reveal, now
the individual nature,

now

the individual character.

Brought
always
its

into definite

assist in

and abiding thought, they will cultivating both the Will's power and

It is the function of Will to regulate Hence, no better means of cultivating and training the Will itself can be devised than the deliberate and intelligent control of volitional moods. For the will can control such peculiar mental states, a if determination to do so must increase power of Will
stability.

them.

and

direct

it

into

its

legitimate activities.

Resolve to acquire that permanent

mood

of mind

which views yourself at your best. Constantly flood your arena of action with new interests and freshness of spirit which enables you to " live life to the limit."

ei

Know

Thyself"

67

Moods of Will
The Moods of Will may now be enumerated as
lows:
fol-

The Mood of Feeling, or Interest. Feeling may be defined as any pleasurable or painful condition of the
steps from such cona mental impression or object of attention brought to mind; a feeling with regard to the same; a mode of mental action, or attention ; and the Volition. The degree of attention sometimes depends upon the Will, but more frequently upon interest in the object or impression. Interest is of two sorts, spontaneous and willed. Spontaneous

person in mind or body.

The

dition to Volition are four:

interest is indifferent to the quality of the feeling in-

volved

— whether pleasurable or painful; a toothache
interest,

receives spontaneous interest as truly as a good dinner.

But willed
fication of

or acquired attention, always

in-

volves the idea of personal pleasure, at least the grati-

some

desire.

The Mood of

Feeling or Interest

may

be cultivated.

One

ultimate purpose for doing so, providing constant

gratification, will

be the

intelligent

increase of the

and through that increase, of the mind's steadfast power of Will. In all large living this Mood of Interest is ever present and powerful. If it is suffered to collapse here and there, a loss of Will is sure
itself,

Mood

to follow.

The

sum-total of the Will's activities de-

pends upon the sum-total of its acquired interests. Hence spontaneous interest should be utilized for the maintenance of acquired, and above all should be made
over into good habits of living.

:

88

A
interest
it,

Study of Moods

As a guiding
ficial

rule for the acquirement of such arti-

" go " in

alive of feeling with a principle of Prof. William James may be

and the keeping

followed

"Any

object not interesting in itself

may become

becoming associated with an obThe two assoject in which interest already exists. ciated objects grow, as it were, together; the interesting portion sheds its quality over the whole and thus things not interesting in their own right borrow an
interesting through
;

interest

which becomes as

real

and as strong

as that

of any natively interesting thing."
If such a principle is practically

and persistently

carried out, the effort will invariably cultivate great
volitional power.

II

The Mood of Energy.
and determined
state of
It

carries things on.

This is a general forceful mind. It is the Mood which may act swiftly or slowly, de-

pending upon other characteristics.

The

energetic

man

may be

swift in action as compared to the bulk of his

mind, while slow as compared to

men

of lighter calibre.

Energy may exhibit on the surface of action, or it may hide behind an unmoved exterior it may be vio;

lent in its manifestations,

or as calm as a resistless iceit

berg.

Whatever

its

characteristics,
it

is

of vastest

importance.
Will, but
its

To

maintain

may draw

heavily on the

continued possession and control furnish
stability.

among

the surest means of cultivating and training

the Will's

power and
Success.

For further study of

this subject reference

may be had

Power for

to the author's work, Learn to summons, on occaalert,

sion, the feeling of

being alive,

energy-charged.

"Know

Thyself"

89

III

The Mood of Permission. The Will, in this Mood, having originated certain actions of the body or in the mind, simply permits the movements involved to " go
on of themselves," as it were, without interference, except to modify or prohibit, at intervals, and as occasion may require. Examples of such permissive action of the Will may be seen in walking, carried on automatically so far as conscious effort
is

concerned, while

the

mind

is

engaged in thought

;

in reading while con-

versation

is in

progress in the vicinity ; in musical per-

formance while the player converses with others. In all such cases it is probable that the " underground mind" involves consciousness of the various activities, but that the objective mind remains a sort of passive spectator or ruler who does not interpose
his power.

The Mood
action, or

of Permission

is

also seen

when the

con-

scious Will refrains

a line

from interfering with a state, an of conduct. Thus the Will permits

various mental or bodily conditions, as reverie or rest,

or an act or series of acts to continue, or a habit to rethe main undisturbed, or a course in life to proceed mind in all cases being conscious of its own or bodily activities, and that it may at any moment exert the

Will in a contrary direction. This mood should be cultivated, yet always with reference to the formation of good habits and the growth of Will. It is especially valuable in permitting rest

both of body and of mind for the sake of psychic tone. But it must be wisely exercised, for otherwise it will drop to the line of indolence, and thus destroy rather

than build up power of Will.

go

A

Study of Moods

IV
The Mood of
Decision.

Mood

of Energy.

It signifies

or less of force.
cultivated
cies

It is

This Mood involves the promptness with more instant in its action, having thus
it is

fulfilled its function.

Nevertheless,

a

Mood

to be

and continually possessed, as the emergenof life make incessant demands upon its exercise
irresolute

in the Will.

"

The

man

is

lifted

from one place
but
addles
all

to

another;
actions."

so

hatcheth

nothing,

his

" For indecision brings

Jts

own

delays,

And

days are lost lamenting o'er lost days. Are you in earnest ? Seize this very minute. What you can do, or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power, and magic in it. Only engage, and then the mind grows heated Begin, and then the work will be completed."


mind

Every

effort to maintain the decisive state of

acts directly

on the

Will.

A

determined resolution to

decide intelligently and forcefully as they

may

present themselves

— rather than

all

questions of life
suffer

them

hang for something "to turn up": found to be a perfect Will-tonic.
to

— will be

The Mood of Continuity. This Mood involves energy and decision. It is, as it were, a chain of decisions the Mood of Decision perpetuated. In evil,
.

a man's ruin in right conduct, one of the methods of success. It is a creator of interest, and a prime
it is
;

source of voluntary habits.

"'Know Thyself"
" Habit
is

91
its

a second nature as regards

importance

in adult life; for the acquired habits of our training

have by that time inhibited or strangled most of the natural impulsive tendencies which were originally there. Ninety-nine hundredths or, possibly, nine hundred and ninety-nine thousandths, of our activity is purely automatic and habitual, from our rising in the morning to our lying down each night." Hence the supreme importance of forming habits of action which are rational and make for the mind's education. "A capricious man is not one man merely; he is several at once he multiplies himself as often as he has
;

new

tastes

and

different behavior."
facilitates

" Success prompts to exertion, and habit
success."

" Habit also gives promptness

;

and the soul of des-

patch

is

decision."

VI
The Mood of Understanding. In this Mood the person wills to attend intelligently to the thing in hand. He concentrates in order to know. He insists upon knowing that to which he attends. This Mood usually but not always, for results in decision and continuity

and the man may refuse to follow his moral convictions. But the Mood of Understanding is imperative in an intelligent exIt It often prohibits action. ercise of power of Will. provides the ground for rational endeavors. It is the check of rashness. It is the inspiration of some of the most resistless exhibitions of Will-energy known. When Grant was ready, he swept on to victory. Great commercial enterprises are all born of this Mood.

Reason may

dictate inactivity,

It is the very genius of Science.

Faraday, about to

92

A

Study of Moods

witness an experiment, said, " Wait ; what

am

I to

expect?"

That was the mood of understanding. determination to cultivate this mood, and to have
present in
all deliberations, will
life,

A
it

obviate innumerable

mistakes in

and

infallibly develop great

power and

wisdom

in the exercise of the Will.

men out of every ten," says Professor William Matthews, "lay out their plans on too vast a scale; and they who are competent to do almost anything, do nothing, because they never make up their minds distinctly as to what they want, or what they
intend to be."

" Nine

VII

The Mood of Reason. In this Mood the person employs the preceding, but goes on to ascertain definite reasons for one action in preference to another. One may understand a subject, a motive, or the alternatives of conduct, yet be at a loss for the right decision. The

Mood
given.

of Reason asks.

Why

this action

or that?

It

holds the Will back until satisfactory answers are
cultivated,

Undoubtedly it is a Mood which may be overand there are occasions when the inability

to discover determining reasons for action or cessation

of action must furnish the sole reason for decision,

be better than a perpetual deadMood of Reason stands with that of Righteousness in its importance to the conduct of life. Its development and perennial
as
action

wrong

may

lock of the Will.

Nevertheless, the

judgment
" Count

in the court of

mind are

scientific

guaranties

of a strong and intelligent Will.

Von

Moltke," writes Orison Swett Marden,
strategist

" the great

German

and general, chose for
'

his

motto, Erst w'dgen, dann wagen,

First weigh, then

"'Know Thyself"
venture,'

93

and

it is

to this he

owed

his great victories.

He was
ment

slow, cautious, careful in planning, but bold,

daring, even seemingly reckless in execution the
his resolve

mo-

was made."
VIII

is is

The Mood of Righteousness, In this Mood person bent on ascertaining the moral quality of actions. It the loftiest of Moods having reference to Will. It

has developed some of the greatest Wills of the ages. It clears the mind, uncovers all motives, illumines the judgment, inspires resolution, induces perseverance, arouses the understanding and guides the reason. By nothing is the Will so easily disorganized as that of Evil. The Mood of by the opposite Mood

Righteousness governs the universe
periority

— and

— that

is

its

su-

exhibits the strength of

an Almighty

Will.

He who

nourishes and holds to the fore this
sure of a good Will ;

Mood

is infallibly

— which may

err in directions really unimportant, but cannot err in

the direction of an ultimate power of Will that guarantees success against all the assaults of evil forever.

observe Many people exhibit the Moods Energy, and Decision. of Feeling, less number possess adequately the Moods of

Let us

now

:

A

Understanding and Reason.

Few

there are, seemingly,

who show

the

Mood

of

intelligent Continuity in life.

Fewer

still

manifest the

Mood

of Righteousness as

a permanent factor of conduct. The Will, then, may be graded according as it disThe perfect Will exhibits them in closes these Moods. symmetrical combination: the Mood of Right Feeling merging into the Mood of Energy, prompt to act, but

may be in order that all Moods brought to the fore in a life mas- tered by righteousness. The persistent state of resolution for Will. acts and conduct. as a mind-improver and a more forceful as a Will-grower . in the eradication of injurious tendencies and habits and immoral of the Will Will. Practice in memory. This means the preservation always. — . and under all circumstances of the attitude I WILL TO WILL. together with the elimination of impulse and thoughtless decisions.94 ^ Study of Moods pausing for Understanding. hence. and in order to develop the habit of acting according to definite reasons. Exercise in self-perception and self-control. and also for the purpose of rendering experience teacher. tain. Fifth. Third. more vivid. Exercise calling the imagination into play activity with the idea of strengthening and training the Will by and by clean consideration of motives and consequences. there is the perfect static Will capable of enorlife. and. mous dynamic energy for any length of time and work- ing towards the noblest ends in At this point appears a Basic Principle in Will-Culture Intelligent cultivation of the Will involves exercises dealing with every department of human nature: — exercise of Second. Practice in reasoning. Fourth. guided by Reason and conWhen all these Moods obtrolled by Righteousness. for the cultivation of the whole mind. deliberate First. For here only is the perfect Sixth. Will-bent practice of the perceptive powers feeling and knowing for growth of Will.

.'"Know Thyself" 95 He who I into all his thoughts would acquire the perfect Will must carry and actions the resolute assertion This resolution. borne out RESOLVE TO WILL! in persistent practice. has never been known to fail.

a. Flowers of sun on leafage tapestry? See I the heavenly ships sail lastly Above. Count I soul-form least stirs Among near suns or worlds beyond the East? The mighty Cosmos is one Psychic Flower.THE GREAT PSYCHIC FLOWER our dandelions yellow.. Inherit. Through which.. thought's quintessence? See I illumination in the human face.._. Eternal Truth's fair flower in time and space? See I all this and count my soul a clod.0 »«.. am also Shape of Him. in which.. n. Its form is but material force compressed. bova^^ vpfntifm^nt henlth. But more. And the white lilies of the restless ocean? See I in poet's words the efflorescence 'See fields I in And lights in forest vistas Beautiful of spirit. I feel the Undefined. . Symbol of that vast Cloud. the dust... th' Eternal streams and And I. the Universe.. warm and mellow. One Life expands in atom or in mind. And I see. VJ'. . Bloom of the Infinite's exhaustless power.. . a psychic Star-Self on the rim Of Being Deathless. seise. thrilled as infU'c-i'.«o . Less than the blooms of sky or sea or sod? Behold yon cloud-bank drifting toward the West. I know. frum._.. huge shadozv-fiowers blessed with motion. ._ ..

" — Emerson." says Jastrow in " The Subconscious. nay the whole series of events. in the second place. taught in every event. not only particular events. the effort to employ them and them mind will bring into play that fundamentally important factor of our nature. saith. the Part I may The purpose rules furnish examples of what fix is conceived to be the in right use of the Will. Schopenhauer calls it unconscious rumina' . concealed maturing through absorption of suitable pabulum. a slow. or the lesson of is power. the sub-conscious self. a process in great part sub-conscious. that he can reduce under his Will. but great classes. and I never got through bad weather so easily. be closed with some general rules. and." intellectual There exists in all endeavor. A : the author in regard to these rules to sea captain wrote " I found myself during a stormy passage without effort calling the rules mind and bringing them " into action." " a period of incubation. in suggesting a number of practical rules at this point is two-fold: in the first place.CHAPTER VII Some General Rules **A "^HE I exercise of the Will. and so conform all facts to will ' hour when he Thy his character. ' From ! JL up to the the child's possession of his several senses he be done is learning the secret.

Be master of your own Will. Cultivate perfect calmness. Make no decision when out of temper. 9. . Never yield to temper." 98 tion. 5.' Some General Rules a chewing over and over again of the cud of thought preparatory to its assimilation with our mental tissue . to the exercise of Will in the conduct These paragraphs should be studied and thoroughly They are born of experience. Never become confusingly excited. 6. cultivate the prompt and progressive spirit. Decide nothing without deliberation where eration is possible.' First Set Rules pertinent of life. the keenness for useful improvisation brought to an edge. wait for light. ' By always thinking about it. * * * . do nothing. 3. 2. cultivate conservatism. and should be practised daily until they become automatic in the working outfit of character. established. rashness. When in doubt. nor entertain irritation. Newton is reported to have answered. When asked how he came to discover the law of gravitation. If excessive — injurious — conservdelib- atism (experience must decide this). If inclined to 8. inclined to 7. the perspective of importance for the special purpose well cedes the white heat. another speaks of it as the red glow that pre- We develop by living in an atmosphere congenial to the occupation that we seek to make our own by steeping ourselves in the details of the business that is to be our specialty. the assimilation sensitized. 4. until the judgment is trained. 1. fixed in mind.

When deliberation is not possible. Make no decision without an adequate purpose. that is the thing to do. it should undergo medical examination in the nude. 18. Mirabeau called the word " impossible " " that blockhead word. merely for the sake of persistence. entertain no regrets. The regretful mind is an enemy to . 16.All Problems Close in Adjustment 99 10. 13. are the goal of a wise Will. He should have made sure about the operating road first. and abandoned it to purchase another railroad. In the pursuit of an adequate purpose." 11. Never lose sight of the main thing in hand. 12. Example: This city is a A . man in Ohio spent thousands of dollars in laying a roadbed. But if it is necessary to sink money in a new road in order to compel sale of an old one. Admit no motive into court which you do not clearly see. keep cool. After a decision under such circumstances. 15. Never permit a motive for a decision to tangle up with a motive against." Never try to make a decision the carrying out of which involves a real impossibility. Ends. sift means according to ends. Confusion is mental anarchy it dethrones the " King. Permit no difficulties to turn you aside from an adequate purpose. not means. a good Will. grip If the mind has held itself with an iron and decided on the spur of dire necessity. whether or no. It is folly to tunnel a mountain if you can get a better and cheaper road by going around it. 17. A advantage of shifting conditions. then shift them intelligently. 19. motive is like a would-be soldier. but that which " gets there " by taking 14. Rely upon your own intelligent idea of adequacy. The best Will is not that which pounds through all circumstances. the gods could do no more.

never permit yourself to plead. making an important decision. Never work at cross-purposes. You are merely and always the pleads. Set the Will 23. with Shakespeare. Never discount your own experience. tries to kill The man who both. upon your own judgment. then act 24. either with. summons the whole mind to this one act. Never act upon merely passive resolution. I RESOLVE TO WILL 21. fish It is impossible to angle for and shoot buffaloes at the same time. If this is the general tone of your Will. desire takes the bench and the judge time to adjourn court. It may be phrased in these words guess I will do so and so." One may say thereto. Take all the advice that is offered. two birds with one stone usually misses Where the two birds are taken a second stone has stolen into the case. This is 25. stimulate it by imitation of fierce resolution. you have to earn your money a second time in collecting it. Compel every motive to stand alone. judge. " What a lack-brain is this " Nothing comes of the lackadaisical Will. that a decision of Will involves judge and lawyer. 20. Remember. Make no decision while the mind is partly occu- pied with other matters. Such a marriage of motives breeds confusion. " dollars " except to the fool. for or against a motive. In ATTENTION!! 22. You can get a correct "judgment" only by sticking to the bench. either for one thing or for the other. 26.! 100 Some . General Rules good business centre but then. it is When In other words. 27. — — : ! . This " I is weakness. value of the fool's experience is its worth to others. The chief.

37. mind is thought. Never decide an important matter when the confused by sickness. 30. nor before ten o'clock in the forenoon. Will. If you have any liars. 35. Insist upon seeing clearly all possible conse- quences. When That is worth more than the success which you have missed. loi start. Store this rule in your soul during health. 31. Don't worry! To worry the corpse lie.All Problems Close in Adjustment 28. The present is the servant of your dig up a grave . consort with them. to a time of sounder tempted to discouragement. Never make an important decision after three o'clock in the afternoon. you have nevertheless kept those judicial powers on the bench. 36." After three you are " unlimbered. settled fears in life. To do otherwise is to introduce confusion among the judicial powers. Never ignore in deliberation a possible conse- quence. The first is secret of persistence Is a good the second 29. The morning may bring a better 33. a constant review of motives. let 32. . Never yield a resolution after three o'clock in the afternoon. resolutely and persistently. until you know them for about the past is to To worry about the future is to dig your own grave. 34. Before ten you have not "limbered up. Never embark in an enterprise in which you do not thoroughly believe. defer action mood. If it turns out that your want of faith has been wrong. it will stand by you in disease. let the undertaker attend to that." The two preceding rules are merely for suggestion.

The home is very remote. In weighing motives. Be ^ure that they are not overshadowed by those which are near. magnify all possible difficulties. Example I wish to economize in order to secure a home. . 41. motives should always be considered with reference to consequences. all life is a taking of chances. but at present. minify every actual difficulty. and throw out of mind every difficulty which seems be imaginary. 39. remote motives. " In making an effort to fix our mind on a distant good or a remote evil we know that we are acting in the direction of our true happiness. you are a lost fool. while the period of rest is very near and clamorous. Learn to emphasize in thought. we are vaguely aware that the strongest desire lies in this : direction. If you must take chances. they will find you out. I desire a vacation. Before making a decision. Here are some things that are hard decide . And the resolute direction of attention in its this quarter has for object to secure the greatest good by an adequate process of representation.I02 Some General Rules always be 38. to to but then. 43. // you must lie. but if you continue to lie to yourself. have a care that desire does not tip the scale. in judgment. After decision. Even when the representation of the immeaiate result is exerting all its force. In deliberation. and to see clearly. consequences should separated from motives. practise on other people." 44. contingencies and consequences. 40. 42. Never lie to yourself in the consideration of motives and consequences. and the representation of the distant one is faint and indistinct. take those that lean your way.

give duty the benefit of the doubt. Never will to be an imitator or a follower. It a good To-morrow you will again condense When you do letter. letter. it until will see it it until is it. Never act contrary to your clearest judgment. can write a reticence. grateful for common sense. 51.All Problems Close in Adjustment 45. this gives you no right to ride rough-shod over neigh- boring humanity. Dismiss without consideration motives or actions clearly recognize to be contrary to your best which you instincts. Yet. Others may be right. . in the long run. others. Never resolve upon an act which will. Do not destroy it. In a!l conflicts between duty and pleasure. but. but courteous in which you reveal good breeding and disclose brief. and instantly mail it. better is mistake in your own judgment than right on the judg- ment of positive 55. nor make a decision. 54. When you write which you scorch be happy — but do not mail to-morrow. Condense by half — but do not mail " ! Never perform an act. 53. Do not abdicate the throne." to letter in his soul. so. in what Socrates called his " Daimonion. to-morrow. You then that you have written too much. Cultivate as a permanent habit of mind the Mood of willing. 52. or injure yourself. Will. It will keep. 49. absolutely genuine and sincere. plain. may — Measure motives by your noblest selfhood. opposition to — the inner voice that whispers. 47. 50. withal. 103 Remember always Be that the lie is the dry rot of 46. or injure other people. Better not an enemy a 48.

be sure that wholly free from wrong desire. capable of forming purposes and pursuing selfchosen ends. — The Mood of Feeling: Never yield to it 1. and thus at last wholly miss conduct. 1. Permit no explosion without deliberate decision and adequate cause. At no time permit Keep the Mood this Mood to explode in impulse. 4. mental depression. eternal would be the price of liberty. jealousy. fear. It is impossible to deliberate over every detail of must become habituated to right force endowed with intelligence. pitch or tone.I04 Some General Rules You can lead so will unconsciously. 3." Second Set Rules havmg reference to the Moods of mind. 2. nervous disorders. Keep the Mood under firm control. anger. Hence life general principles. II. it is In cultivating this Mood. To such a being. therefore resolve to to invent and and move out on new lines. revenge. may neglect those rules of action which <aIone can guide it safely. — The Mood of Energy: Seek every opportunity to intensify consciousMaintain the resolute sense of the emphatic ness of the determined Will. constantly at a high. but rational and controlled. 4. "A the natural ends of vigilance its being. . hate. personality. closely. misconceptions and partial views. I. 3. the Mood of Feeling without scrutinizing 2. prejudice.

what defeat means.All Problems Close in Adjustment 5. Understand your own powers. thirdly. secondly. 5. 4. Know. 5. first. Endeavor constantly expended in arriving at decision. 3. possible. 4. Become acquainted with all details connected with an undertaking. 1. and with the reasons for one method of procedure or another. 1. Thoroughly understand how to proceed. IV. Regard each step or stage as a goal in itself. Know. what success signifies. Cultivate decision in so-called unimportants.of energy. Understand your own weakness. 5. 4. Repeat constantly the resolution involved. and cause decision to act like a triphammer incessantly on the purposed business. 6. 7. — The Moods of Know. this Mood that. Count the cost. Never defer decided Always conjoin with Go immediately into the business determined upon. 105 Bring this Mood to all activities. III. to reduce the time 2. Hold the eye of energy upon ultimate goal. Do not brood over difficulties. the thing is done Act by act — V. Do everything as swiftly as action. what the matter proposed involves. . life's 6. Understanding and Reason: 2. 3. 3. 6. continuous effort hold to the fore the Mood of utmost energy. — The Mood of Decision: all Precede decision by deliberation. 1. — The Mood of Continuity: 2. Keep the goal In all in sight.

almost epitomizes the right use of Will-power all He who chooses his plan for himself. 12. 9.: io6 Some General Rules yi. Follow your best instincts. And these qualities he requires and exercises exactly in proportion as the part of his conduct which he determines according to his feeling is a large one. reasoning and judgment to foresee. and kept out of harm's way. Approve nothing because it is new. The " following remarkable paragraph. Reject nothing because it is old. activity to gather mahis faculties. Have faith in men. Be honest absolutely honest — — 4. Put yourself always in the other man's shoes. Be as anxious to discover duty as you ought perform it when discovered. employs use observation to see. without any of these things. But what will be his comparative worth as a human sible that own judgment and . terials for decision^ discrimination to decide. 6. Live up to all light possessed. Settle 10. 15. 12. 3. no question by expediency. by John Stuart Mill. Examine all moral traditions. 13. firmness and self-control to hold to his deliberate decision. Surrender to all good and wise impulses. He must and when he has decided. It is poshe might be guided in some good path. Seek all possible light. 7. Permit nothing in self to hoodwink judgment. 11. — The Mood of Righteousness: with yourself. 16. 14. Try your ideas by the opinions of others. 5. to be to Love truth supremely. 8. I. Have perfect faith in yourself.

but also importance surely is man himself. a universe. but allies always as well for the inner existence which you . The Universe passes solemnly through every growing soul from the region of the ungrasped and below the ordinary consciousness. : " I am absorbing these principles of con- and in so doing am affirmmg that the moods indicated are surely becoming mine. actual factors in my every-day life. for the objective life. it will be advisable to affirm mentally somewhat as follows duct. of course." so to speak. There is a deeper self which must be trained to accept and act on the mles above suggested. they will then " germinate.All Problems Close in Adjustment being? It really is 107 of importance not only what men what manner of men they are that do it. No possession is yours until it has swept up from the No — — lower inner fields of life. Among the works of man. therefore. It is a mistake to expect self-development from external activities exclusively. So far as you are concerned. truth. Stand. none of these things exist save as each is given existence witliin your selfhood." But the work of long as dependence this chapter will not is be finished so placed on the objective self alone. the first in do. which human life is rightly employed in perfecting and beautifying.'' For remember. though half knowledge comes from upper airs the reality of any knowledge lies there because every but all emerges individual centers Infinite Existence from the under realm of the unknown in consciousness. If you go over the rules until they are thoroughly imbedded in the sub-conscious phases of your mind. and in time become "second nature. life. by going forever outside of self nor by gazing into some imaginary sky. you cannot find reality." In the meantime.

So. but such an inis not genius. starts. " Consciousness of any kind whatever is har- the aim and content of in the all life. . io8 with all Some worlds. . and the most supreme beings are those who are capable of securing for themselves such an invigorated existence. the feeling or will. taking the outer life as you will for long affirm that Now the object of these many rules is to bring out the greatness within you. what is per- quintessence. Great is the man who is equipped with a of the personality of unusual intensity. at spiration appearing . . In certain people the . practice the foregoing exercises . The highest form of life consists most intense consciousness. connected with the and action. If. some moment or other of their by fits and . that of the intellect. it is nothing able quotation from Mill. General Rules it comes. your deeper self is also in relation with all right things and growing because of that relation. use the differ- ent sets of rules. . great dramatist) Pertinent thoughts on the subject can be given from Sigurd Ibsen (son of the " People can be more or less great : some oftener than others. you will in this way realize the remarkOtherwise. The great tragedy of is the incomplete man is that it his vision sublime. humanity. They will gradually establish in . humanity in The patternable great man would be he potentiated who united all purely human qualities in perfect mony and in the mightiest phase of development. genius appears only as an isolated flash. while the will). thought... can finally be comprehended in the concept personality. Most well-equipped creatures probably have a great idea.. sonality? It is And so. . better than commonplace school instruction. "All greatness. means of expressing . escapes him (power of . lives." freest expansion of feeling.

All Problems Close in Adjustment 109 your conscious mind the feeling that you are living and acting according to infallible law. . And always does such a career demonstrate the outworking of the power we are all along seeking to develop — the WiU. as you — choose. a super-man. And sciousness there will fidence that with the unfolding of this higher concome forward the deep inner con- that you are you are your own master unswayed by external forces of men and nature which drive most people with ruthless jocularity. You will soon that realize that you are directing your own course you can deliberately proceed this way or that. this expanding It is this supreme consciousness which Ibsen refers to as the arena of expression the gauge of a man's indemeasure of great men pendence his qualifications to come and go upon the — — — — — earth.

tinboisterous Confidence. Stride in And thus. Then. The five good gates co-ordinate and sure. Yet stirs In all the place a premonition vague events. soft of speech whose word is hope. so the man! The brain alert. A song of auction in the sun-charged air. To make its Lord imperial. breath signifying nought. 'Tis vacancy whose meaning sole is this: His coming to await. Thus The realm be when his Majesty. the message bearers swift. Lo. all eminent domain. Of imminent A breath proclaims Through swaying curtains Majesty's approach. Eventless years. if the Will fails. Rules. and conquer themi Tub Authob.THE KING Silent thf great audience-room. whose value lies In his great self. — And courage. . kingdoms baubles are I But if he reigns. Thus comes Power invisible to company the Sovereign. The five great overlords leal servants. From chamber to frontier. And those three ministers of glorious life Faith tireless. Low murmuring sounds arise Of retinues Of homage attendant. Beside the royal Presence alway. forsooth. . the Will. so the man! The vacant mind. and speak his omnipresent power. From Heaven — . To bless the kingdom of the human soul. Attendants loosed and chattering — all breed Dread anarchy. . so the land! As Will is. or worse. throned on law: One to outlook the worlds. the desert's boundless waste Bursts into splendor and proclaims his power! As Will is. and the Sovereign enters the kingly life is nought The chamber of Save place expectant till the Lord of all. his presence guard. a bankrupt soul. friends. Senses as idle as the summer clouds. Guards stand alert. As king is. Assumptive ever of his rightful throne Though absent for siesta or the chase. The household true. potent. the pause in.

Part II—The Will and Sense-Culture .

I hereby RESOLVE to give the present work a thorough trial in all its exercizes and suggestions. [Signed. for the that may occur me during such trial. with others so far as any of them are evidently designed to be so embodied in conduct. remainder of my life. and to to embody these. and recognizing various defects in my own Will-power.^ .RESOLUTION Realising the necessity of a strong and well-trained Will for the largest success in secular affairs and in morals.

seem unessential or tedious. if man that is not perfect be ever in prac- shall as well practice his errors as his abilities. Bacon. sometimes overextinguished. Let not a man force a habit upon himself with a perpetual continuance. him second will make him a small proceeder. you are invited to remember that. intermission. And there is to help this but by seasonable intermissions. Part II. as Royce has said (" Outhnes of Psychology") : — " The development and support of mental activities of every grade is dependent upon the constant and proper use of the sense organs. and tice. for the first will make him dejected by often failings. though by often prevailings.CHAPTER VIII "'^^^ not set himself too great nor too small tasks . Every cultivation of even the highest inner sense organs. and the N he Suggestions for Practice is "yATURE come. but with some For both the pause reinforceth the new a onset. often hidden. seldom He let that seeketh victory over his nature." life involves a cultivation of the But observe : " The life of the senses does not con- . and induce one habit of both." no means Lord Should the exercises given in this division of our work.

in the very highest of our spiritual existence. We are now prepared for the actual work of Willis it culture in Physical Regime. The present chapter preliminary yet eminently practical. When we wish to cultivate processes of abstract thinking. but only to select among sensory experiences those that will prove useful for a purpose. out systematic practice. The value of the abiding thought. over against which the life stands. Second Principle Exercises involving one department of body or mind will exert various beneficial influences: . exerts a developing influence upon the function itr In the case of the Will this would follow withself. emotional and voluntary as a markedly contrasted region relatively independent of the other. First Principle Continuous and intelligent thought on the growth of any mental power. sensory experience plays its part. our devices must therefore include a fitting plan for the cultivation of the senses.daily should not its only be carefully read but thoroughly studied until life. and suggestions are deeply grounded in. essential part. On and the contrary. with exercises carried on to that end. " I resolve to acquire a strong and well-trained Will ! " can scarcely be overstated. higher intellectual. but regulated exercise tends to hold attention to the desired goal and to increase the power of the idea of Will-culture. At this point certain principles all appear which form the basis of Physical Regime. and must not plan to exclude sense experience as such.114 stitute Suggestions for Practice a sort of lower life. and ideally capable of a certain divorce from its it.

writer steadfast. this increase of force confined to the particular act. in experiments made day by under day. while the left hand was not used. Indeed." remarks " It is incredible to me how in the face of our gen- eral experience of assert that gymnasium work some writers can practice makes no change in the greatest possible effort. Thereafter. for the right. for the left. what is true of hands will be true of mental powers. in " Thmking. An law may be seen in the increased grip-power of one hand caused by daily practice with the other.Great Is Drill 115 Of Of Of Of the body. on other parts of body the body. on the twelfth day it recorded a grip of twenty-five pounds. W. Thus. Thus the left hand had gained six pounds. goes on to say on this point: The same ." In practice seeking development of Will. fifteen The records pounds. ten times each. fifteen was prac- tised nearly every day for eleven days. The left hand recorded on the same day a grip of twenty-one pounds. on other powers of mind. or more than one-third. Doing. on various powers of mind the mind. At any rate. the mind. The right hand gained steadily day by day. the right hand alone pounds. is not In the experiments re- the greatest possible effort in gripping was the first made on were : day with the left hand singly and then with the right hand. on various functions and organs of illustration of the general the body. ferred to. Professor E. my direction the change could be traced " Curiously enough. purposeful exercise of physical powers in general will develop power of Will. Willing. Scripture. by practice of the other hand.

" Of course I do not say that the developed muscle than the undeveloped one . The conclusion seems clear." . the strong man. and note the result. has a more powerful Will than anybody else. what I have said sufficiently explains how we can use the force of It is an act as an index of Will-power. and. unquestion- able that gymnastic exercises increase the force of act." such control is left to hap-hazard methods. It is immeasurably truer when control is intelligently sought. a large portion is due to a change in force of Will." Third Principle pare the Lower forms of exercise in bodily movement preway for higher exercises. but in Will-power. It has often been in the noticed that an act will grow steadily stronger al- though not the slightest change can be seen muscle. does not give a greater result for the same impulse I do claim that much of is the increase or decrease of strength due to a change For example. " Consequently. When Sandow is weak. the force of Will for those particular acts must be increased." and a very complete " training of the Will. for a definite reaction on the Will itself is absolutely certain. "All the higher on the attainment of a general This is true even when actions of life depend control of the bodily organs." in the highest sense. make him angry. " the exercising of these capabilities involves a rudimentary. But Sandow's strength varies continually. no one would say that Sandow.Ii6 " Suggestions for Practice A great deal has been said of the relation of physiI think that cal exercise to Will-power. although part of this variation may be due to changes in the muscles.

hear and feel reality. not. ears. but they see hear not. " Eyes and No-eyes journeyed together. Eyes. to are. By vision is meant tlie ability to see. Yet how few people adequately attend to sensation or intelligently employ their own senses! Strange as it may seem. arst requisite. discover neither the surface of things nor their hidden meaning. are. To such people a strong Will-power is a stranger. itself . others catch but here. Some people perceive a great deal Perception precedes mental growth. One of the chief diiferences among men is the matter of vision. — " This watching. nerves they have. The common miners for raw material of mental life. again. by The vation. senses are our on the surface of things. little even Some perceive not only the superficial aspects its of reality. and. of Will-growth. here is a large terra incognita. but also inner contents. others. They are governed largely caprice.Great Is Drill I17 Fourth Principle Intelligent work in Will-culture must begin with perception. is obserThe mind must learn to see things as they hear things as they are. to feel things as they author just quoted. alas to schools of the most of the children still go same kind. feel not. then.There are proper ways of learning to watch. is the first lesson to be learned — the art of Most of us went ! to school before this art was cultivated. or watching." says the " No-eyes saw only what thrust upon him Eyes was on the watch for everything. Eyes used the fundamental method of all knowledge observation. but the usual object lessons in .

The hack is a better roadster than the Arab barb. . then. was wont to say. Colonel Buford. canlearned how to watch. At West Point. To the various operations of the senses Will must mightily attend In all exercises the watchword must never be forgotten: TION! The 1 ATTENTION! For one sole But attention for what purpose? Will-power! purpose The command- ing formula. develops the Will-habit.: — Ii8 Suggestions." Hence. only to give command of the odious . not go a step further till we have We.the opposite. for Practice school result in just . Emerson said truly " The second substitute for temperament is drill.' Henry VIII. with power of Will constantly kept in mind as a goal never to be yielded. ochres. pounding with a hammer on the trunnions of a cannon. the power of use and routine. only to give facility of touch. and brushes. the watchword all along must be ATTENWill must begin its work by resolving upon persistent ATTENTION. He fired a piece of ordnance some hundred times in swift succession. six hours a day at painting. the piano. . Practice develops persistence. Now. which stroke broke the trunnion? Every stroke. . . Which blast burst the piece ? Every blast. ' Great is drill. Hence the value of persistence. materials. until it burst.* Six hours every day at Practice is nine-tenths. . ' Diligence passe sens. oil.. The masters say that they know a master in music. . the Chief Engineer. however. is:—"I RESOLVE TO WILL! ATTENTION!!" Fifth Principle Systematic exercise. persistence perfects practice.. or. only by seeing the . until he broke them off.

Almost every employment in life hath percepit. the English Philosopher. and brutes. unfailing attention to the exercises here to follow. the build. the burden. as we do our acquaintance. idiots. while she is a great way off. The farmer perceives by his eye very nearly the quanThe sailor sees tity of hay in a rick or com in a heap. acwriting. is the power of the mechanic is an act the command of the instrument. Every man accustomed to writing. with the idea of power of Will constantly in mind. and can pick them out of another flock one by The butcher knows by sight the weight and qualone. acquire by habit many perceptions which they had not originally." Not only men. to have learned the arts of reckoning. ent Will. and the application they bestow in observing them. by thousands of manipulations . To and the " clerk. tions of this kind that are peculiar to quired perception is very different in different persons. will impart facility as regards the directions ." says Thomas Reid. by endless adding and dividing. " but children. Thus. thing in hai}d. according to the diversity of objects about which they are e." All such acquired powers are the results of long- And back of them lies the persistIn the njost of such and similar instances no great amount of Will is required at any one time they are rather outcomes of steady application to the continued practice. distinguishes acquaintances by their handIn a word. as he does by their faces. The shepherd knows every sheep of his flock. 119 difficult — so and vital have learned the use of the tools.mployed. and the distance of a ship at sea. ity of his beeves and sheep before they are killed.Great Is Drill pose of the hands on the keys .

ears." and act like the sanest. will " book costs you wind up " the Will power and persistence. taste. Suggestions for Practice and in turn will develop the controlling faculty mind to an astonishing degree. first In the ten-day exercises continue five days. in order that the principles involved may become an intelligent part of the system carried out. but regular restperiods as well. touch. by a supreme to great effort of Will. and to carry out that vnW with unflinching persever- Will without . and sustain the Mood Here alone is our ne plus ultra Finally. — preferably Saturday and Sunday. This requires not only regular labor. and will justify all time Sixth Principle The value of drill depends largely upon system. But this work. . cultivate Put the Will at the fore. to "wind themselves up. If the present it many months and toil. — In Regard Keep the perceptive powers always at their best: eyes. The insane are sometimes able. ance. of endeavor. From of Will. for a purpose. into the following suggestions applicable to the Physical and Mental Regimes should be thoroughly worked the student's mind as to to Perception. F irst. must be conducted with labor and patience. There is but one way to get a good Will to will to will. nerves. Nor imagine that such a boon can come of a month's training or of spasmodic effort. I.! : I20 given. smell. Think not to acquire a great of toil. then rest to last. to be successful.

Great Is Drill 2. but strong in others. all If the it. With attainment of facility. beats. In Regard to Memory. 7. etc. 8. and compel it where strong to assist in this effort. Frequently review all great Will-power. cultivate it especially where weak. Make use. work of the memory with 7. Give memory for principles a good foundation in memorized 6. 1. 121 Attend to the consciousness of each sense. 4. 5. Secondly. in conversation . the presence of con- scious Will should be maintained as in all such activities. much as possible Example: piano playing. facts. resolve to strengthen 2. If the memory is weak in some particulars. as often as possible. dates. Then make the most of it. life. Subordinate the verbal memory to that of prin- ciples. Rely resolutely upon the ability of your memory to do your bidding. invent new methods your of practice. Carry the idea involved in practice into all 6. The law that "voluntary attention comes only in 3. 4. Observe frequent and regular periods of rest. While habituated actions that are not naturally automatic are certainly voluntary." requires this rule. hold the mind consciously to every movement. Continue the practice of the perceptive powers until the greatest willing power has been acquired. Seek to discover the peculiarities of your own memory. memory is weak round. 3. 5.

13.. not fall in love with the wonderful for its own 9." — In Regard to Imagination. Fill 5. mind with wholly admirable material. . 9. 11. 1. Look squarely and without prejudice. Abstain from all use of tobacco and alcohol. Abstain from imaginations. such as " Contiguity Contrast . Beware of the " squint " brain. with facts and essen- tial reality alone. . Do not permit the imagination to dwell upon any one thing. or any arbitrary " helps. Vice and misery. Do sake. Then system10. 12. Arrange materials by association..122 Suggestions for Practice and writing. and in public speaking. Light and dark." but employ natural laws of association. . all evil 2. . Put no reliance in mnemonics. Deal. 6. of all the acquirements of memory. . . 8. 3. nor upon any one quarter of thought or lifCf for long at one time. Use it for practical purposes. atize and associate memory's possessions. Grant and Sherman. Dog and greyhound. Resolve to acquire a perfect memory.„ Resemblance Cause and effect Whole and parts Genus and species Sign and thing signified Thirdly. Cross and Catholic faith. in the imagination. Always put the Will into the efifort to remember. Put the Will-sense into the imagination. 7. Do not indulge in revery. 4. Make the imagination a conscious aiid intelligent at things instrument. United States and New York. Horse and rider.

but sift thoroughly. Expend no unnecessary amount and none of legitimate effort. 123 Provide for the imagination the greatest variety of material. Habituate normal and right actions. muscumemory. 1. 2. — In Regard to Self-control. Do not suffer mind to become morbid. injurious and faults. smelling. 1. Maintain in all seasons the healthy mood. Banish the dream-mood. — In Regard to Self-perception. 4. touch. Guard against deception here. Fourthly. 7. Eliminate eccentricities. Companion only with large and vigorous truths. 5. 2. lar consciousness. Rigidly exclude from the realm of fancy all imaginary ills. 3. hallucinations. Thrust the Will into all perception of self. phase seeing. 5.Great Is Drill 10. obnoxious force in habits. Subject the testimony of the senses and of mind to the closest scrutiny of reason. 11. Be master here. Turn a hurricane in on 3. Never gratify impulse or desire if . nerve-testimony. and especially misconceptions about men or reality. 6. up 4. moral states. Keep your supply of ozone. Live among wholesome people. Study and overcome your personal Destroy immoral. 6. Become : familiar with self-perception in every feeling. it Welcome criticism. tasting. Fifthly. 7. reason. and either offers a then act upon results. absolute imagination. hearing. Will. at all in illegitimate.

the Mood of Expectancy. Space does not allow going into a lengthy explanation. lose consciousness of self as a willing centre of power." 4. over and over again. Scout and the final effort. Be If sure the intended possibility of 2. 8. mentally. anticipate conespecially what you may be re- quired to do in order to regain position. Keep the loftiest ideals fresh in thought. the demand that you simply MUST win. 3. There are underlying. cringing. for an instant. Impress upon your mind. shrinking. and with in- . negative state of Some rules in this connection follow: eflfort is one within the your powers to carry through. 12. Seventh Peinciple " There is nothing which tends so much to the suecess of a volitional effort as a confident expectation of its success. scientifically demonstrated truths of tremendous import in this connection. is far more likely to get : them than the mind. therefore. Make an self ally. not an enemy." Cultivate. 11. Believe mightily in yourself. Never. select a period ridicule the little flickering thoughts that pipe up: " There's a big possibility that you won't get it. 1. 9. the things it wants. But the idea is The positive mind that DEMANDS. ID. 13. it is possible to choose the time of applying best physically when you are at your and mentally. and foresee discipline about to lose self-control. Unite belief in with faith in man. When sequences. over and over. Mentally demand.124 Suggestions for Practice single chance of permanent injury to the highest tone of mind.

Great Is Drill tensesit 125 what you vigor of thought." If the negative phases of mind gets what it expects (kicks. MAND I simply I DEMAND DEMAND better things in MUST have them. just bear in DEMAND THEM! If this seems far-fetched — you are using that which you know positive state of mind that mind which is ex- actly the opposite of the is cringing. uni- versal forces to bring into my career the values I seek. timid condition the sort that gets " kicked aside. I DEluxuries. that you shall and will get seek. . Say: " I health. life's dregs) then beyond any question the it POSITIVE mind can get the big things demands. I DEMAND the I life. drudgery. slights.

What is thy office." "I am the captain's self. Is this great eye a knave? "'Tis as he holds. If thou thyself art blind? I^t thine to see. tell me. Denote to me the mighty sky All round the tumbling main. echo's wife." quoth eye. An't please you to be kind? " 'Tis as the captain saith" quoth eye. "All round the tumbling wave. "All round the mighty." — Now.. Aloft amid the brain. "All round the mighty sky — No more nor less see I. pray the riddle clear. Captain. " 'Tis as the captain saith.THE RIDDLE What hoi Sir Watchman of the eye. Report the vision far and by — Nought from the truth refrain." Now. sky No mere nor less see I." quoth " eye. No more nor less am I." . or bandy strife. Mere socket of the mind. Who scans the mighty sky. And thafs the secret full. Of many a good ship's grave. I fear. empty hole of life." quoth captain dear.

or total of 2. Did God give the eyes for nothHe mingled in them a spirit of such might and cunning as to reach a long way off and receive the impression of visible forms a messenger so swift and faithful ? Was it for nothing that He gave the intervening air such efficacy. our Epictetus said : " ing? And was it for nothing that — vision should traverse it? Was it for nothing that He made Light. in fact of natural objects. making a which may be discriminated.000. The straight line the path of power. The eye an index of white honesty. of plants and their blossoms.CHAPTER IX Exercises for the Eye ''"^T I IS estimated that the human eye is capable of distinguishing 100. so that being.000 color sensations hues. Harold Theory of this Chapter The whole mind in the eye." Dr.000 different colors. and twenty shades or tints of each hue. of clouds. without which there were no benefit of any other thing ? . If we all considered the infinite varia- tions in the color of earth. this hardly seems excessive. such an esti- mate as Wilson. in a manner strained. and made it elastic.

are ministers to the soul. fear. a Boston physician said. ether. one may acquire a keen eye. certain and touch depend upon from without as mechanical (touch). hearing. illustrate this deepening These emotions may be simulated. vital (sense of But at times the required stimulation : may arise Examples In referring to certain hallucinations. love. Emotions of hate. the central Will. desire. but when so started. it It may. Vision." ." senses will bring this law into action.128 Exercises for the Eye Preliminary The eye exists for the light. nevertheless. its The eye joy. on the stage. molecular (taste and smell). they are identical with those set going by an objective stimulus in the ordinary way. influence of energy within. Eye. variety of practice will partakes of a law the organs of sense : " process Effort at Will-growth by means of exercise of the Each particular man — that more or less affect the whole is. physical (sight. muscular life). at the imperious call of If so. aversion. by sheer and persistent The present chapter is to deal with the eye. may be brightened in gaze by energetic sum- monsing of consciousness. as Will. resolution. and in some way or other affects the organism throughout. taste. smell stimulations — hearing). be here said that set A which obtains with all up anywhere in the centres reverberates everywhere. without the assistance of these feelings. only be started in the brain itself. supreme power of Will. (muscle sense). "The cerebral processes by which vision is produced may not within the nervous system.

As Fechner says. is in looking steadfastly this feeling is referred to the eye . in trying to ' think or recollect.129 Professor Sully says : " man who has lost his sight may be able to picture visible objects. partly in the direction ward from the motor cles of the muscles. is and partly in that of the sen- sory centre which concerned in the reception of nervous impressions. " By fixing the attention upon certain parts of the body the blood may be strong attention directed " In looking directed to these parts." to the eye enriches its A various elements. within directed to appropriate muscles. .The Eye and the World Are One . by attention." " Thus it is visible object presumable that when we attend to a a stream of (nerve-) energy flows downcentres." Similarly attention increases the supply of nervous where Will is focused. having acquired a disposition so to act through previous exercises under external stimulation. which induces a physical energy from degree of muscular effort: force at the point Vision is intensified — attention there " In all close a feeling of tension or strain which appears to indicate muscular effort. and the end organs of vision and the eye muscles are vigorously innervated. the various ganglia in which the optic nerve is rooted are richly supplied with blood. and more particularly the ocular mus- which move the eye." If a person tries to grip the hand of a paralyzed arm. in listening closely. Two remarks may now be made The Will has power to concentrate energy upon a given point in the organism. to the head or brain. to the ear . attentively at anything. The brain is A now able to act independently of external stimulation." But it could not picture objects it had never seen.

the greater our capacity for correct vision. all right exercises with the eyes . but muscular effort will manifest in some Energy has been expended. born withr out arms or legs." The long practice which resulted in this ability involved volitional acts. although she had no use part of his body. Mental stimuli result from the exercise of the Will and thought. he would tell the name of each one as she approached with unerring certainty." The Will is thus the power back of vision. " the stimuli that excite the nervous force or irritability are of two kinds. heat. who " came as quickly to a right judgment of the size and distance of visible objects as her brothers and sisters. — of hands. odor. conversely. The greater the Will (with a good eye). while she was still at such a distance as to present to a common eye only a confused white blur upon the clear horizon. Professor James cites the case of a girl. mechanical. Physical stimuli embrace all external excitants of whatever nature light. Hence. In other words.130 Exercises for the Eye he cannot. physical and mental. and galvanic irritant. mit of the island." Many children have the power of forms in the darkness. As exercise with vision improves the eye. " calling " up " queer A man in the Cases like the following are not altogether rare: Greek island of Hydra was accustomed to take his post every day for thirty years on the sumvessels. sound. so such exercise augments the flow of energy to the appropriate muscles and nerve-centres connected with sight. and every variety of chemical. and look out for the approach of and although there were over three hundred sail belonging to the island.

How If not. by arousing an artificial feeling of interest. Regimes Exercise No. hold mind rigidly to its task. Select an object for attention. Does it in this harmonize with its surroundings ? If so. the Mood or feeling of Will should be kept strongly in mind. in what respect. a chair or a tree. was it made? What is its true purpose? Is it serving that purpose? Could it in any way be improved? How might this improvement be brought about? In seeking the above information. Observe its distance from yourself. how ? Make out its material. persistently. But to him who constantly declares. use object's Gaze Do not them naturally. Note Determine how it differs in shape from its shape. therefore. " The culminating point in education is the power to perfect TO WILL! ATTENTION!!" attend to things that are in themselves indifferent. Estimate this.The Eye and the World Are One 131 tend to growth of that power which controls the eyes the Will provided they are carried on with that — — end held intensely in view. or out of doors. at this object attentively. but persistence in . say. i. and from other objects around it. excluding all other elements of perception. and it must energetically. attend to the thing in hand by the whole of itself. Now note the size. This will at first be difficult as in the case of any muscular or nervous exertion. In the following practice. " I RESOLVE power of continued and exclusive concentration comes at last to be second nature. It will be hard at first . strain the eyes." Hence. in the room. steadily. Clearly note its color. the mind must take on energy. in the exercises that follow. other things near it.

write to Now. of No. j. as knowledge. the door so as to shut out the room. closing down the names of all articles which you remember at that time have seen. Repeat this exercise for ten days with and on the tenth observe improvement. not your rest. and. object which Exercise marbles. with the same object. without out all results looking further at the object. write as nearly as you can remember. go into the room and note carefully every you have not discovered. and on the tenth day look at the object and observe improvement. as you recall (do not guess) for each color. observing. Now.132 Exercises for the Eye the exercise will ultimately secure ease and swiftness. Procure size. Finally. Estimate the percentage of your failures. estimate your improvement. write the number. with rest. one of which should be Sunday. glance once at the lot. Exercise No. medium Procure fifty pieces of cardboard. Depend upon your memory. Now. and on the tenth day. and let the marbles roll out together onto a covered surface. When they are at rest. quickly and attentively. turning away. eight or ten yellow. resting two days. At a moderate gait pass once through or around a room. . eight or ten white. with right and left hand at once. seize one handful. as many objects as possible. twenty-five or thirty Let eight or ten be red. Exercise No. 2. Place in an open box and thoroughly mingle the colors. above. 4. Repeat this exercise for ten days. Always keep the Will-idea in mind. of a table or the floor. Repeat this exercise for ten days.

looking in the same direction. Let the eyes be wide open. without turning the eyes a alert. as above. once. and on the tenth day note improvement for each successive corresponding throw over first. at upon the table. Exercise No. for ten days. look at them sharply one instant. Write out the names of all objects recalled.The gaze should now be directed straight in front. upon a table. peat this exercise with ten other cards. 5. Repeat these three exerwith rest. disagreeably distended. Depend upon memory. while gazing ten seconds. hair's breadth.They may be continued inboth to attention and to the Will- But the rest periods must be observed. cises for ten days. Then turn away. and on the tenth day note improvement. letters down. each having one it upon in plain. always from the same position. Exercise No. The above definitely exercises should all be practised each day. all objects in the field of vision. Immediately reImmediately and write down the letters recalled. to preserve the same exercise. and throw. at least. Repeat the above exercise in all respects except that the position and field of vision of each day is to be diflferent from those preceding.The Eye and the World Are One letter printed all. . determined by slow counting. repeat with ten other cards. but so as to separate them. Take in one hand ten of all these squares. 6. with profit. Place them scattered. and on the tenth day note improvement. with every power of attention Try to observe. . good-sized type. with rest. not knowledge. but not . Now. face down. 133 two inches square. Repeat the exercise ten days. face up.

may be cultivated so that the mental objects shall assume the electric or sunlit tone. whether clear or with all parts mentally seen. Repeat these exercises for ten days. seems doubtful. probably. the exercises may be profitably continued for any length of time. Repeat this exercise on ten different objects on the same day. ten or sixty feet. making and marking records each day. distinctness of vision and in details of single mental objects may thus be made now. The . Keep the mind intently upon the object. Count sixty to a minute while so gazing intently and observingly. a description of the image. Although the time set for practice is ten days.they are. is paWhether the mental image tience and persistence. by looking a second time at the object trust the image. at some object not very far away. both in as practice goes on. it will Look up that word " vivid. and to impress them upon mind. The speed with " which one must count in order to pronounce " sixty at the end of a minute may be easily noted by counting while following with the eyes the second-hand of a watch as it moves once around the minute-circle. and strive to call up a mental image of the object. Remember: the purpose here Great improvement. and on the tenth day note improvement. essential thing. is to learn to see things as . winking naturally. Gaze steadily. shut the eyes. y. not be so vivid.134 : Exercises for the Eye Observe Counting off the seconds is a slower procthan is ordinarily supposed. as above." Write indistinct. with rest. Now. With some people the image may be as vividly defined as the real object. say. ess Exercise No. Do not help the writing . With most.

the eye of the soul will come to see more and more clearly as persistent endeavor if continues. here and there. in themselves individually in groups. seeing none. The it is eye is a power wherever seen — on the frank street. directness of gaze. Lastly. rule. The might of a good eye can be cultivated. or roam over face. memory. sonal address lies in Directness of gaze straightforward. on the rostrum. In order to this. at the social gathering. These exercises cultivate eye-perception. within certain limits. be felt. soul. in order that their and as comprehended full effect upon mind and that adequate comparison among instituted.be so. 8. eyes. in the store." mind must be put into the " windows of the What men upon the amount look. that — — outcomes or consequences shall be vividly noted. mind must come .The Eye and the World Are One 135 But. but gaze either up at the ceiling or down to the floor. This requires that things shall be seen as they actually are. the eye may be trained to Some eyes never look into other eyes steadily. is psychological winner. may motives may be Exercise No. As a mouth. mental vision and self-conThe end of all is the developed Will. Especially will this be the case it . but glance and shift from eye to object. get out of life and nature depends of mind that can be put into the If reality is to be possessed. the soul steadfastly wills that The value of the end sought clear perception connects ultimately with the consideration of motives. attitude of eager hua large element in successful perthe eye. all their hearers. without purpose or gain. Some public speakers never look squarely into the faces of their auditors. trol. One of the subtlest elements of inspiration is thus missed — the manity.

stare. but bring consciousness forward to its windows. and And . resting properly. Exercise No. The must always be in the eye for this exercise." Repeat this exercise ten times for ten days. direct look ought to be bright of energy. Put back of that thought the Mood of a strong Will " I will I am forcing Will into THE Eye. Cultivate. Do soul not stare. Look people full in the eyes. fifty." The soul in the eye means power with men. Summon your entire energy to the act of looking. third day. Gaze steadily. upon the do not look at the nose. but winking nata small spot on the wall of a room. look at the object. Count fifty while so gazing. that will. steadily. with every person met.1^6 Exercises for the Eye forward and take it " by force. etc. Do not strain the eyes. not into or object. The energy of the profit. second day. and with honest. Exercise No. at : ! seventy. as above. And remember. urally. first day. the soul is to be put into the eyes. permitting the eyes to wink as into the eyes. if may it is be developed. and in the domain of Will is ruled out. thus. eight or ten feet away. that the vacant stare Let the gaze be open. is a sign of idiocy. Do this repeatedly. the soul behind Gaze they at any object is in the room near by. Keep mind wholly on the thought: The Direct Eye. lo. adding each day to the count fifty. therefore. with rest. the habit of the direct and steady look. p. ninety. twenty counts. friendly. full A dull gaze is akin to the vacant and eye's regard The steady. but naturally. frank. Put the whole soul Observe.

all violations of good taste. and that your power of Will has grown correspondingly. not the eye upon it the object. avoiding the stare and sciousness. It is really worth while. iut the soul into the eye as object." an infant still in the thraldom of arms. having caught the knack of calling the mind's energy to the act of looking. The regard of the man Jesus must have been equal to His word — naked verity.The Eye and the World Are One 137 never permitting the eyes to grow weary or to be strained. Meanwhile. Hence the two . and alto- — is bright. when the human gaze frequently becomes something uncanny. After a time you will discover that you are the possessor of a good eye. Fierce hate — Blaze a look the ink-stand Intense interest into eyes. full gether above the plane of practical illustration. Repeat these exercises daily for months. some emotion. and the righteous have all straightforward and powerful The eye of Saint Michael is surely like his eyes. "magnetic. regards the in the con- and the idea of Will clear forward In other words. all possible forcefulness at all persons and objects Acquire the habit of throwing. preternaturally capable of disconcerting sinners. Examples: feeling at Thus with all emotions of the soul. The eye of the average interested child unless it happen to be of soul-power. sufficient to annihilate its black shape. and simulate. Avoid the grinning mimicry of the clown. the saintly mother. The four-year-old. think of. police judge. — Throw delighted attention the Deep joy — Assume a genuine joyful and expression. cultivate the habit of the direct and penetrating regard. persist in gazing with met. and try to look that feeling with great power. sword. Now.

lies the foundation of Will-culture: straightforward means — honest purposes. magnetic gaze . or whenever you wish to impress him strongly. a-walking in the fields. straightforward and now resolve on seeing. attracting gaze. turned with loosened tongue to talk with him. with a firm. statement or request. Nay. A Will-fed eye is a rich minister to the values of life. and accurate observation. secrets of masterful eyes are. steady. you should look the other person squarely in the During eye. . after all. steady. Exercise No. : ing suggestions are of value that " One of the most imis portant things about the beginning of an interview. towards him. but whenever you makq a proposition.138 Exercises for the Eye and honesty. and on any street or road over which you may pass. the conversation you may change the direction of your gaze. you must direct a firm. It is said that " in Siberia a traveler found men who could see the satellites of Jupiter with the naked eye. He noticed all at once that plants could speak. ." Multitudes fail to see a thousand things which Cultivate the habit of intelligent they pass daily during life. naming and knowing the various objects that exist in your neighborhood. directness Here. That day the daisy had an eye indeed " ! known. honest. Browning's lines are symbolic of the outcome: " German Boehme never cared Until it for plants happed." Remember: Directness of gase is psychological winner. 11. In personal interviews the power of the eye is well The followIt plays a very important role. looking him straight in the eye. Haying acquired the art of put- ting soul into the act of vision. .

.The Eye and the World Are One : 139 A great law now emerges The value of the use of any sense depends upon the amount and quality of person thrown into its exercise. The person who fail unceasingly asserts to his eyes : " I RESOLVE TO WILL! ATTENTION!!" to develop a look or gaze full cannot which is perennially direct and of energy.

in concentric spheres Outrunning on the larger tide. A beauty. Filling with wonder Of Soul for that it surely is One with. Sounds for its need. Wherein huge organs thunder. this.THE SOUL AND THE EAR How marvelous the " great Of mind! From life's within " incessant din It chooses as it will. or. life and deathless youth. What self hears is. Self knowing's self-made. and Of builds a scheme use or thought. A Hower of heavenly harmony. palace royal fit for kings. Nay. A temple meet for worshippings. Aye. A prison set with discord round. Simple motion Of the vast ocean Unseen around us breaks on the strand Of soui and we understand! — We 'All understand. With a weaver's skill. . for we are Soul's hearing. this its being wide. or love or war. self reality completes: Building a hut of jarring sound. master of. ^The Authoe. giving The The ear but adds ethereal beats. in the dream Begotten by sweet reverie. God's great Universe of Truth.

When A And Loosening it. tender ice. His distinction in these respects was very accurate. and his memory so retentive I have known him inthat he was seldom mistaken. Till. the wide water rolled.CHAPTER X Exercises for the Ear an opportunity of repeatedly observing manner in which he (Dr. Saunderson) arranged his ideas and acquired his information. ear. ** I HAD tlie I peculiar Theory of this Chapter The discriminating mind in the The mind master of hearing. and faster. ment of this sense. another and another. a first winter-warning. of a morning. early in autumn. That covered the pond till the sun. drinking-hole out of the fresh." . let out a ripple of gold. the stag had to break with his foot. dimpling to blindness. Direct improvement of Will through willed employ- " Well. stantly to recognize a person on first hearing him. Whenever he was introduced into company. though more than two years had elapsed since the Manchester Philosophical time of their meeting. and the different voices of the number of persons that were present. The sound directed him to judge of the dimensions of the room." Memoirs. I remarked that he continued some time silent. in a trice.

now. the more sounds one can make out the better one's hearing. certain sounds. powers is evident. Here The human ear is limited in its ability to respond to these vibrations. of sounds? any difference obtaining in this respect due to endowment or education ? Or both ? Probably the latter is true. Hearing what one wishes to hear may involve exclusion one desires to shut out a noise. far-off bird is singmore acute by Will. Or inclusion one wishes to enjoy. harmonies. everything. direction. to train the — The nervous person hears son hears little. one good sense-power assists all the senses. Within such natural limits. deeply. therefore. The door is Hearing may be rendered closed to a certain sound. All depends. 142 Exercises for the Ear Preliminary If you can see that picture from Browning. music. Loss of sounds is due to defects of ear and phere. Natural defects aside. If one hears all noises does one necessarily hear correctly? That is.. ear to unfold latent : — The value of exercises. on the soul. truly. When attention of the eye begins. " Listen burglar is in the house " Education ing " " Sh ! A ! ! A ! in correctness of ear is preeminently a matter of Will . etc.: . the is the first communion. is the soul always in the ear? To Is distinguish tone. abstraction of mind. The dull per- Hearing may be shut out by Will. Hence three questions arise: Do you hear? Do you hear correctly? Do you hear what you wish to hear? Sounds are produced by vibrations in the atmos- ear often follows. quality. you probably can hear the sounds that go with it.

and with greatest powers of appreciafeeling. here the mashear in the best sense involves the soul. How many sounds are now deTry manding your attention ? Count them. the largest soul hears most. for ten days. The educated soul now mounts up on wings through the realm of harmony. thought. development of ability to consider motives through discipline of attention. their difference in strength. The purpose as with those for the eye. Select the faintest sound that conIn doing this try to distinguish . Repeat this exercise for ten days. their dif- ferent causes. are But To tion and appropriation. Single out some one prominent everything which you can possibly say sound. Listen to distinguish: — Their ! different directions. of the exercises that follow is. and on the tenth day note improvement. and thus the growth of intelligent Will-power. about it. their diiferent tones. tinues coming to you. on the first day with Repeat these exercises every day a different sound. imagination.700 Strings" 143 — but of the exhibits persistent Will. and note Exercise No. most correctly. 2. their different groupings. Other things being equal. 3. The control of the ear some of the highest phases of self-direction. with rest of two days. with rest of two days. i. Repeat this exercise ten times Exercise No. ters."A Harp of 8. and on the tenth day estimate the improvement made. Regimes Exercise No. their different qualities.

ing Repeat a this exercise ten times on the first day. Shut out other sounds. first day with Repeat these exercises every day rest. If. Select the come to you. with provement. you are persistent. Single out some one of the sounds come regularly to you. . continues to for its 5. The author has often accomplished this building up of Exercise No. with rest. Do not into revery. that 4. Exercise No. melody played upon an organ or a piano. with rest. Make the exercise a frequent task. some regular sound which you have not hitherto Note everything that can be said concernit. and on the tenth day note im- on the Listen carefully once to some sim6. with dif5ferent sound. most pleasant sound that Note all possible reasons fall pleasantness. Become absorbed in with it. but will forget the most of it. Repeat this exercise ten times on the first day. Note everything which can filled Be be said of it. all Attend to this sound alone. ple music.144 Exercises for the Ear noticed. you can gradually reconstruct the lost tune. it. and on the tenth day note im- provement. You may remember a note or two. and on the tenth day note improvement. Try now to build up in your soul that melody entirely from memory. Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. 'Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. Exercise No. Repeat this exercise ten times a different sound. with a different sound. however. for ten days.

one hand striking. then another. then. full chords. with with full chord. hold a watch at arm's length from the right ear. whether sharp or flat. first one. Put the soul into the The purpose on to the end. both hands striking. Do you hear it ticking? No? Move the watch gradually nearer the ear until ing first you hear.700 Strings" J. with great energy. or to one. correctness of hearing. 8. In order to ascertain the real is the following exercise suggested Exercise No. nothing without thought. attention to all sounds. Carry the Mood of Will through every exercise. all these exercises. position on the board. willing. control compass of hearover hearing. both in the act of shutting sounds out. one hand striking. without looking at the player. to distinguish the notes. . Repeat Repeat Repeat Repeat until with two keys. Note the distance at which the tickbecomes audible. When all is quiet. Harjb of ^. or to none. with four keys. 145 While one is striking the keys of a piano. endeavor. Or the defect may be due to a want of acute difficulty."A Exercise No. Why. Write the result and mark. both hands striking. attention. solve to go Do ear in case is Will. Exclusion of sound is often an exhibition of Will. in Practice in the above exercises should be continued you can detect improvement ing. should not a more regulated and conscious mastery of ear be acquired? Perhaps your hearing is defective and you are not aware of the fact. as the may be. ReThat end is Will-power. and in controlling the nerves in regard to sounds which refuse to vanish. Do not become discouraged. and name of each note.

or street hawkers. It will. Perhaps certain sounds which you hear incessantly are destroying you with the threat of nervous prostraat Your dear neighbor's piano played through everlasting hours. this may Continue the still be due to a constitutional limit. Hence: Exercise No. by turning the will do it. . Meanwhile induce several other persons to practise the same exercise so far as to ascertain the distance which they can hear the ticking of the same watch. rest. p.146 Exercises for the Ear Repeat this exercise ten times Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. if possible. be wise to consult a physician. If not. its first on day. You can do this act of exclusion if you After five minutes." and date. 8. correctly marking results. Then consult a physician. by an enormous effort of practice for the day. If you make no improvement in hearing. Make this a Now. Continue this effort five minutes. Never fight disagreeable noises by attending to them. practice until you are satisfied that your hearing cannot be improved. Select some particularly hateful sound which comes to you regularly. become evidences of civilizaProcure the cessation of these sounds. tion's chaos. Do not become discouraged. with rest. Will attend so powerfully to some other sound or many sounds as to shut out the one you wish to banish. or his dog barking all night long. resolve to shut them out of mind. If you do not hear as well as others. ment. and on the tenth day note improve- " Ear No. this also may be due to constitutional limit. nevertheless. During the ten days repeat all the exercises with the left ear. tion or insanity.

and resting between other things.** A Harp of 8. Remember. that all thought about the hateful sound only intensifies its power over you. taking care that it has a certain regularity Imagine the loud ticking of a large clock. or experience. with the Will-idea always present.^00 Strings" in general. or the droning of an old-fashioned water-wheel. or thought. Similarly with other disturbing noises. Give the matter a half -hour. Vary the effort to exclude great energy to some agreeable not will directly to shut a sound out of the ear. 147 attention away from sounds Then re- peat the exercise by shutting out the sound ten minutes. Will to become directly absorbed in other sounds or in other matters of thought. At night. mentally. 'To rage at a barking dog signifies one of two consequences: the death of the dog (possibly of its owner). The Will that The growing Will comes of intelligent exercise. Do not work: take the matter easily. Exercise No. increasing the time of exclusion of sound with each exercise a few minutes. or the steady booming of the sea. a sound which is totally different from the one that disturbs you. and rhythm. Think of a particularly pleasant tune. stop thinking about them. anyway. or more nervousness on the part of the man who has no Will. "I RESOLVE TO WILL! AT- TENTION! 1" . masters them is a growing Will. you do not care. Cause it to run in Insist that the mind. when you are disturbed by hideous noises. Call up. efforts by diverting attention to sound by attending with thought. 10. Repeat these exercises until Do you are master.

sunk in reflection upon some difficult question in theology. he forgot everything going on about him. all senses may be brought under per- Remember The : value of any sense depends upon the amount and quality of soul thrown into its exercise." was fire-departrapped out he immediately aroused. the soul may become so habituated to the routfne of duty that accustomed calls to duty are recognized while all other appeals are made in vain. probably as Dr. march when buried in slumber. with which he had been engrossed. " Springfield. " Upon one of the many occasions when he sat at the table of the king. ' So.' " He had heard and observed nothing but the important thing in hand. but because their misfortune makes them continually cultivate their hearing. ment chief was said when asleep to be deaf to his A baby's cry. guide their horses though the body similar incidents reveal the Will still and riders These and If so. soldiers Sleeping sentinels sometimes walk their beats. . is illus- trated by an incident in the life of Thomas Aquinas. while instantly alert to the alarm of his gong. also. M. P. Hatfield has observed. but when his station. rests. Thus a his telegraphic operator. by invitation. overpowered by could not be awakened by any ordinary knocking at door." The power of itself as to lose the soul to consciousness of become so absorbed in all around it. the ear and fect control. sleep. for like all of our faculties it is susceptible of very great improvement under cultivation. "not because they have any better hearing than the rest of us.148 Exercises for the Ear Everybody knows how acute the hearing of the blind becomes. its dominant. suddenly he cried out. striking the table with his fist I have got it.

looking down from a clifl upon the sea. your sound-world — . it . and even these millions are from moment to moment changing. in fact. All nature thus is broken and sorted by the mind and as far as we can . is quietly watching him from the it farther Even when to see is the countryman pbints out with so all circumstance. or helps to determine. because the kind of thing is he not already in his mind. in all cases. and how we see it. Or why. moving. comdis- pares. see this is sensation — the knower true of the simplest act of discrimination or selects. do we isolate a wave and call it one? It is not isolated. no mortal could tell where it begins or leaves off." says Edward Carpenter in "The Art of Creation".700 Strings" 149 " Not only awaking from sleep do we immediately recognize what the objects around us are." Since this statement is law. Why is it difficult to point the constellations to never considered them before? mass of stars it is the mind that breaks it into forms. . he fails. How hard to ' find the cat ' in the picture. some preconception already at work. till the precise image of what one wants to see is already in the mind. what we see. and then. Why do we isolate it and call it one? There is some way of looking at things. because. ignores. one who has The sky is simply a It is not one it is millions is just a part of the sea. and millions of drops. but the simplest observation of things involves a similar antecedent condition the know- — ing what to look for. which determines. we have the memories or images of them already in our minds. or the wood-cock in the autumn leaves. contributes something without which the crimination or sensation would not be.^''A Harp of 8. supplies. how easy The townsman walking along the high-road perceives not the ! hare that field.

method as follows if : " Re- solve before going to sleep that there be anything whatever for you to do which requires Will or Resolution. be it to undertake repulsive or hard work or duty. you will find your life-consciousness.150 that Exercises for the Ear which you construct by your choices and thoughtdepends upon yourself. though a practice which can well be introduced it is not alone confined to interpretation It is Leland's of sounds. to fast. in. your world-consciousness. — sternly or of obstacles — but simply and coolly — and more mind do Do not desire to do to it it it forcibly. And the deeper and richer is your consciousness in a state of harmony. I am attending to these worlds (one or another). feeling — : — — Awakening of the Will There is here. and that the senses should be so trained that through them you may get the most out of living and put the most of self into life and Nature. This means that you should cultivate the mental life in as great and harmonious a variety as possible. to keep up to the mark or make any kind of effort that you WILL do it as calmly and unthinkingly as may be. . to say " No " to anything in short. the larger and richer will be your life in all the products of sensation. more satisfying and more potent for your own good from month to month and year to year. this will likely And it is absolutely true that if persevered willing . etc. putting myself into them. now of vision. your soulconsciousness. or in spite make up your be done. deeper. or make a speech. drawing from them constant values. to face a disagreeable person. If you will carry the assertion and the! feeling I am now conscious of myself in relation to the world now of sounds. growing broader.

"A Harp of 8. of sight. material in your mind. of tasting.'^oo Strings" 151 yourself to will by easy impulse unto impulse given. will lead to marvelous and most satisfactory results. the values which they create." is The application of this in the art of sense culture upon the subconscious mind that you want more values and richer mind-life from the impressions coming in from the outside world. impress of hearing. of touching. the senses etc. their master. are to store broader knowledge. experience and thought — that they Demand of your servants — shall unite to the limit of their ability in giving to you. Confidently expect that your sense this: frequently.. before going to sleep. .

The budding nerves upon Equal. ho.TASTE 1 pluck an apple from its tree meat. — . Reality Crosses the gulf of mystery taste its perfect And My self to greet. And self comes great as self is lured From self in lower self immured: All's mine as sought. serene. The Author. The world is but my thought. the tongue Link brain with realms unseen: Mind leaps the void around it Hung And stands a king all kings among. The fruit of life is self matured. in the act.

But the psychologist would conclude once that some of the tastes enumerated were complex experiences. as the nice discriminations of the professional tea-tasters show. it is In subconscious also abnormally acute. might respond with some such as the following: beef-bouillon. as subject of the experiments. He would take means to isolate. so far as he could.CHAPTER XI Exercises in Taste THE conditions German bitter Physiologist. so that other sense-elements should be shut out from consciousness. Willed attention habituating the Mood of Will. or else he would close the subject's nos- ." — Text Book.oooth of a solution of quinine. Valentin. peach ice and coffee. at roast duck. dressed celery. a person without smellsensations. " Taste can be educated. Preliminary The ordinary individual. made up of simpler elements." " asked to " name what he had list tasted at dinner." remarks Mary Whiton Calkins in " An Introduction to Psychology. onion. cultivated mind in taste. Theory of this Chapter A A discriminating mind in taste. the conditions of tastes. potato. He would select. could de- tect at ioo.

154 trils. visual elements and a far more limited number of taste-elements than we — . A normal person. and he would certainly blindfold the subject. the ' puckering. a sweet unflavored perhaps a dilute substance and a slightly bitter liquid solution of quinine. the results of such a test as applied to our suggested menu. would recognize the onion. pressure and pain sensations. ordinarily suppose. wine. fruit. if these were unsalted. an unthe blindfolded subject sensations) known sweetish substance. and are differentiated from each other only by the slight astringency of the tea. Excercises in Taste so as to eliminate most of these smell-sensations'. " What we know of the different tastes are complex experiences. to prevent his seeing the articles which he tasted.' which salt. the cofifee and often the olive oil but would be as likely to confuse the beef and the duck. onion. also blindfolded. Tea and undistinguished from quinine. indeed. another unknown material mixed with a thick tasteless oil. motor experiences. Judging by the results of actual experiments. bitter. when the odor elements are excluded. that the peculiar it is by pressure-experience. ing: would be the follow- and anosmic (without smellwould as likely as not suppose that he had tasted chicken broth. whereas. the peach. but without closed nostrils. excites. potato. made up of odors. milk. the anosmic subject would fail to recognize them even as meats. and the solids would be finely minced so as to be indistinguishable in form. The odor ' is the significant elecoffee are. coffee and tea. beef. ment in such ' tastes as egg. But of the physical stimuli of . chocolate. "The number sour and of tastes seems to be four: sweet. These substances would be presented to him at an even temperature.

Only one general statement may be hazarded : the taste-stimulus is always in liquid form. that of taste. is The sensation produced by very cold water largely that of feeling. is one which has. The tongue tastes it also feels. and so on. some experiments. Some strong sweets are slippery. judgment. The sensation of touch is often confounded with . have all involved attention.Work is the Bitter-Sweet of Success 155 taste-sensations definitely we know even may even less localized physiological organ. that the greatest five senses. If the tip of the tongue be carefully lead give a ' dried. but tastes little. for example. Pepper irritates it to burning. The object of the exercises in the present but above chapter has exactly similar ends in view all. discrimination. such work imder direction as may make you the better acquainted with yourself and give to you a (little — greater scope of consciousness and self-control. than of the inChemically distinct substances arouse the same sensa- tional quality. The facts suggest Remember through the side world. Luke-warm its cofifee is not enjoyable because the aroma of steam and the cold of ice are absent. both sugar and acetate of sweet ' taste." The experiments and which have the subject given us the meagre knowledge we have on of taste-sensations and their brain-area known). a crystal of sugar placed tasteless. Aerated water gives the tongue a lively sensation of touch or feeling. Cold food is lacking in the taste of warmer. Alum " draws " it. During a heavy cold in one's head the tongue feels much. until upon it will seem the tongue again becomes moist enough investigations to dissolve it. grasped the most of the out- mind . Some strong bitters are smooth.

with rest of two days. Is Try to distinguish the taste from the irritation. 4. and. with rest of two days. Repeat with Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. try to distinguish whether the slippery feeling or the sweet taste is first perceived. Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. 5. there any diflference? Repeat with other substances which "burn" the tongue. Place a little pepper on the tongue. Is the idea of taste real or imaginary? various similar articles. and on the tenth day note improvement. Repeat these ercise with other experiments every day for ten days. Procure a piece of alum. Repeat these exercises every day for ten days.156 Exercises in Taste Regimes i. 2. with rest. Exercise No. while you are not observing. . 3. Now taste and note which water. Exercise No. Merely with the tongue. " puckery " substances. and on the tenth day observe improvement. Now try to perceive its Repeat this extaste in distinction from its feeling. try to perceive the taste. touching the tongue with some "puckery" substance. and on the tenth day note improvement. and on the tenth day note improvement. it touch Exercise No. place in one glass a minute quantity of quinine or Other bitter substance. Exercise No. Exercise No. Sweeten equally two glasses of Let a friend. with rest of two days. Close the nostrils between the thumb and forefinger. With white sugar or syrup placed on the tongue.

Procure six articles that are fragrant and six articles that have a pleasant taste. but can Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. the lemon. and on the tenth day note improvebe done. Repeat these experisations. quinine. Repeat until success is reached. Exercise No. with rest. Take one pair. past That is difficult. and try to place all it the remembered sensation. and on the tenth day note improvement. there alone. If the water begins to is taste bitter before increased sweetness perceived. — with taste Exercise No. recalled onions. taste.Work is the Bitter-Sweet of Success 157 glass contains the drug by observing the greater sweet- ness of the water in which it has been placed. ments with articles that are odoriferous but not fragrant. etc. Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. 7. one article of smell with one of Arrange in pairs — and so on until all are thus paired. and articles that have not an agreeable taste. with rest. But do not be discouraged. abstracted from experience. cheese. . and compare the sensation of smell with that of Note similarity and difference between the sentaste. Repeat with each pair. taste is sugar. such recalled taste always associated with a mental picture of its object. or is it abstract ? Does the memory seem to be located in the brain or on the tongue? Whether in the brain or on the tongue. ment. of 6. Note whether one Is more vividly than another. is it associated with some past experience? Now think of the tongue. The quantity of " bitter " may be increased until additional sweetness can be perceived. with great vividness the vividness of reality various articles — — from memory. Try to recall. the experiment has failed.

or to withdraw there- In the one case the word is attention. Yet the meal Is there not. What is the reason for the facts? Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. Why is a meal of the same kind which is eaten in solitude with the same degree of hunger vastly less articles (fragrant agreeable in itself than when eaten among pleasant companions? If this is not true. nose. to imagination? Is this due a mutuality of ministration among the senses which requires the in- it fully out? good a good nose and a good tongue make a trinity of dining felicity. then. looks better. namely. Eye. tastes better. from. with pairs of greater articles. p. With most people it is true. A in the realm of vision. the eif ect is upon the " mind " when the sen- that of smelling than when it is that of tastsix Then note whether is the difference or similarity first of sensation greater in the case of the and pleasant) or in the case of the second six articles (odoriferous and unpleasant). rather. and the function of Will-power spiration of friends to bring eye. in all tests is Now sation ing. smells better.Add.158 Excercises in Taste note whether. Exercise No. you evidently need lessons in sociability. hearing and taste 8. tion While dining with friends. and on the tenth day note improvement. in the . Exercise No. with rest. a good heart and a pleasantly active soul. dining in the most agreeable manner. It is a human privilege to put the it soul into bodily sensations. make the exercises of this chapter the subject of conversa- and experiment so far as consistent with the busi- ness in hand. tongue have changed not. is discovered.

Or Smell of a pink and banish the sensation by strong thought of the Or taste alum and think about the taste of pepper. Or.Work other case it is the Bitter-Sweet of Success 159 is abstraction. Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. be crossed. After tion — withdrawn from one Whoever all. the and then put the sensation out of mind by recalling the it memory of wormwood. Attention cultivated involves Will always present. . senses may. from memory some other first from mind. taste a little sugar. nose. and on the tenth day note improvement. smell of ammonia so keenly as to banish the first sensation. Above has this person Will. abstraction is only another attends name for atten- quarter by being massed intelligently upon another. and then think strongly of the odor of onions. has either new guards against new worlds displeasure. You must entirely resolutely try to recall different sensation so vividly as to banish the Now forget the flower while thinking of the vegetable. Secure the sensation of any taste or any smell. The following exercise deals with abstraction. For example: smell of a rose. tongue. as were. with rest. and masterfully to eye. of pleasure or all.

the joys are trail. Of fields and skies. A farmhouse dooryard all aglow In colors loved by simple eyes. So near to sense So quick the is life divine. Heavily sweet. — — The Authob. Which life a-now can never know. mine Of youth's lost The Nature-World. soul to pierce the veil: is like A lilac's fragrance wine. Chaos my soul its nerve-life throws. With waves of sensuous grace. . Restores dear memory's passing show.THE FRAGRANCE Across the fields of time and space Old Aowery perfumes drift and beat Upon my spirifs eager face subtle. And. a mighty Borne on the Into tree of rose vast. Till I am all that round me grows Made one at last. as I quaff.

the well-known blind philosopher. neglected sense cultivated and fullness and power A of mind increased. his friends by its smell. Persistently willed attention a feeder of Will. a significant fact that the same word . sightless and speechand." Dr. Mr. that he could distinguish a black on C. dress of the late Dr. William Matthews has said. that his smell would immediately and invariably inform him of the presence of a stranger. while a niggardly one has been held in con- " In tempt. " a liberal allowance of proboscis has been admired. strongly induced by his who was unfortunate situation to make much use of the sense are considering. like Julius Caesar's. Stewart's account of James deaf. ' It is related. Theory of this Chapter Keenness of attention through discrimination in the sense of smell.' says Dr. Moyse. The Romans and it is liked a large nose. and direct to the place where he might be. and it is repeatedly asserted that this sense had become him extremely ' acute. of course.'" Professor Thomas Upham. less. all ages of the world. Abercrombie.CHAPTER XII Exercises in Smell ** 1 we in J T is stated in Mitchell.

Holmes thinks it the one which most powerfully appeals to memory. W. In my observations of men I have almost invariably found a long nose and a long head go together." The sense of smell. it would seem. than ' in the ancient. and acute or sagacious. O. has been greatly neglected.' said a man with a large allowance of nose. * Give me. but he perceives by the nose that of another. large noses have been not less coveted and esteemed Napoleon. al- though Dr. perfumes. wine and butter. " We have little scientific knowledge of odors." 1 62 Exercises in Smell in Latin. or derived from may be proved by any druggist or manufacturer of perfumes. often cultivate their powers to a wonderful degree in their especial lines. as of people it is the least cultivated of the senses. usually from the objects to which we chance to refer . coffees. Calkins. Those who deal in teas. The perfumist lives on the acuteness of his olfactory nerves. The That it may be trained druggist does not recognize the " smell " of his shop. but with the majority "The faculty of scent is other faculties. as is seen in the fact that the names artificial of odors are almost entirely association. own when he enters odors in his Always must he discriminate among business. men had " In mod- snuff-taking organs not to be sneezed at. means having a large All their distinguished nose." ern days. Nasutus." says " Even our names for them are borrowed.' Preliminary may be cultivated like all proven by blood-hounds and breeds of dogs which have been specially trained in this direction until it becomes an hereditary faculty. then. The glue-maker and soap-refiner exist in spite of their pursuits.

"Aromatic smells. for example.' This chaotic state of affairs is largely due to the limited significance of odors in our intellectual and our artistic at the best we heliotrope fragrance ' ' life. and occasionally even from their aifective accompaniments. " Many smells are. rose. and ' can say nothing more definite than or kerosene odor. those of camphor. touch and vision. Thus we know some odors only vaguely as good or bad. fish.An Odor or a Perfume — Which? 163 them. It recognizes the following classes: " Ethereal smells. " The most satisfactory classification of smells. for example. those of garlic. pleasant or unpleasant. " Empyreumatic smells. all musk odors. spices. for example. assafcetida. for example. The pungency of such smells as that of ammonia is thus a touch quality. for example. those of to- bacco and toast. that adapted by the Dutch Zwaardemaker. " Virulent smells. as in nature. " Nauseating smells. for example. that is. " We have sensational experiences. " Fragrant smells. and such experiences as smelling sour milk are perhaps due to the entrance of particles through the nose into the throat. obviously complex experiences containing elements of taste. for example. from the classification of Linnaeus. " Hircine smells. " Alliaceous smells. of course. like tastes. known as smells . for example. " Ambrosiac smells. that of decaying animal matter. that of opium. as well as of smell. lemon. those of cheese and rancid fat. including all fruit odors. those of flowers. is we meet them physiologist.

where they stimulate cells found in the mucous membrane. therefore. but this analysis has never been satisfactorily made. Summing up both physiological we may say. a function of the physical and it is almost certain that the property of stimulating is the end-organs of smell molecule. is of smell. distinguished from each other. that a subject whose fatigued by the continuous smelling of tinc- ture of iodine can sense ethereal oils almost or quite as well as ever. that the smell-stimulus always gaseous.164 Exercises in Smell or odors. One of these indicate. and they are often com- pounded. for example.' Evi- dently. since most of the chemical elements are odorless. that these organs are so distinct that they correspond both with different physical stimuli and with different smell-experiences. not liquid. phenomena organ is is that of exhaustion. and sometimes confused with tastes and touches. Experimental ' in- vestigations show. therefore. Two made with any degree of assurance. they are probably analyzable into a few distinct elements. and of the brain. " We know little of the physical conditions statements only can be It is highly probable. " The structure of the physiological end-organs of smell is not very clearly made out. and physical conditions." that these nerve-impulses are conveyed by the olfactory nerves to the temporal lobes . that by inspiration into certain gaseous particles are carried the nostrils. in the first place. else the would be exhausted for all smells at the same affected nostrils time. but not designated by special names. not of the atom. and common alcohol not at all. different parts of the end-organs are by these distinct smell-stimuli. Two phenomena however. oils of lemon^ turpentine and cloves but faintly.

hale odor. and try to name any odor perceived. It will be better to go on until improvement is certainly noted in keenness of scent and mental power to describe smells or odors.An Odor The action by thought or a Perfume — Which? 165 may be controlled by power of Will. Now recall the quality and intensity of the smell. otherwise the sense of smell will become confused. Inhale the odor of one." An experiment may be made of this fact. Exercise No. and on the tenth day note improvement. On the tenth day note improvement. While sitting erect. inhale Is it . Care must be had to give Exercise No. days. then of the second. Now try to compare them. Think strongly of the first odor. Inabout the room. away from the flower. "we can smell either one in preference to the other by simply thinking about it. Walk the nostrils sufiicient rest between whiles. its i. 2. with rest of Procure two different kinds of exDo the same with the other. Repeat these exercises every day for at least ten two days. tracts. as suggested by Professor Scripture. Exercise No. — that of the olfactory nerves is Regimes Take some fragrant flower. days. the air. Arranging paper tubes in such a way as to convey separate perfumes to each nostril. gently j. During all the above and following practice the feeling of strong Will must be kept constantly at the Put your soul into your nose. Repeat this exercise with various extracts and perfumes taken separately. noting the Repeat this exercise every day for ten difference. fore.

Enter and endeavor by smell alone to find the article.1 66 Exercises in Smell real? Where does it originate? Let friends secrete some odoriferous substance in a room a number of pinks or an open bottle of perfumery. Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. High living puts great significance into even the sense of smell. and on the tenth day note improvement. Humboldt declared that Peruvian Indians can. held unseen in his two hands placed together. Each of the five senses has the power of continually new discoveries in the world of reality. The Arabs of the Sahara can detect by smell the presence of a fire forty miles away. 5. All other pronounced odors must be excluded from the place. lated to the Impressions appropriate to each may be rehuge things of life. in the darkest night. European or Negro. Do you perceive some at a less distance than others ? Is it due to strength of odor or the Repeat the exercise every day for ten days quality? with rest of two days. 4. while yet far distant. — He is to hold the article from you. is Why this? Exercise No. and on the tenth day note improvement. determine whether a stranger. Ask some friend to hold in the hand an object which is not known to you and is fragrant or odoriferous. Can you name the smell? Can you name the object? Repeat the experiment with intervals of rest. is an Indian. and then gradually to move it. and while you are in another room. nearer and nearer. Exercise No. not known to you. until you perceive the odor. with some distance various different " smellable " articles. Note the distance at which you perceive the object by smell. The .

and so tend to build up a strong Will in your life. with true and great in earth.An Odor present exercise or a Perfume be — Which? 167 may made perpetual. thoughts. will develop a power of attention that will surprise you. The exercises will cultivate a neglected but more. which The idea of Will must always be is the end sought. Its value always depends upon Such a habit will the amount of soul put into it — that is. and it will develop energetic attention. present. open new worlds. into the nose. life hay — Whittier's — Sidney Lanier's — the teeming Marshes of Glynn fresh-turned — beauty regnant the of the world. flowers soil or wood. . and through this a power of Will. " Maud MuUer " . sea-flats " " . In every act preserve the willing attitude. This work may be so conducted as to make improvement possible. Examples: new-mown poem. sense. Build up in your life the habit of associating the agreeable odors field perceived in garden.

knowledge still would seem but dim. You touch in self the farthest bound Of matter and of spirit: When Self the last glory here you've found. it. The primrose by This is Love the wheel of beings rim. . But self the deepest centre dim. Love's boundless knowledge then your fate. forever fleeing. it: all life you penetrate. Great Nature is the outer rim. And if your thought could penetrate Below Still.SELF AND WORLDS // you could touch the outer rim Of life's huge wheel of being. As now. below the flower. Knowledge your goal. If you will farther penetrate.—. but love your — The Authoh. the last existence. ottly shall insphere the self. For Mind's below And Mind's And in Love's you see. In vain all such insistence. touch of harmonyits All knowing finds power. ignorance would be your fate. Lo. the river's brim. fate.

Theory of this Chapter into or abstracted Mind thrown ing at Will. Still warmth or of cold is due many points of both these other points on the skin very wealthily. while other points are points of the skin are especially sensitive to stimula- by cold sensitive to disturbances due to hot objects. Will-attention from physical deliberative feel- making Will-action and second-nature . " All the senses are modifications of the sense of "^ Demosthenes." says Royce.CHAPTER Exercises in XIII Touch is **^ 'r-p^] I ^HE all sense of touch the most positive of its the senses in the character of sensa- tions." touch. In many respects it is worthy to be called the leading sense. Preliminary "The sensations of contact and temperature. Our ordi- nary sensory experience of to a complex excitement of types. Noah Porter. Will prohibitions rendering mind supreme at least cost. " are due to the excitation of points on the skin which differ for the various special sorts of ex- periences in question. . tions given Experiment shows that certain objects.

in summer is for coolness its . habits in children are often due to this on some habit Such fact. the nerves are likely to take of twitching or other unnatural movement." There are many very curious facts to be observed in connection with touch. The degree of feeling arising from touch is usually dependent to a great extent upon attention. and tastes and man feels nothing until dyspepsia makes taste and feeling perennial dominators of an unhappy existence. of rough and smooth. In days this man feels heat and cold with the keenness of a skeleton veiled in the rotten gauze of ruined nerves. due to the disturbances of the skin. The epicure. If garments do not fit well. but when thought turns to the matter it becomes very apparent. lingers while he dines. if excited in isolation. ordinarily feel our clothing. for example. For the same reason tickling sensations plague sleep away at That wise fool who calls himself a " business " bolts his dinner in eight minutes. Another fool consumes alcohol in winter for warmth and night." 170 interspersed Exercises in Touch among the others. We do not. Com- plex sensory excitations. and in his flights regards not the busy fly upon . sometimes with and sometimes without. of dry and moist objects. When the orator has it before him to listen to another man's lucubrations. the secret of its " beneficent ministry paralyzing power over physical conlatter sciousness. every sense to the fore. his fly becomes a Dante for torture. sensations of contact or of pressure. The orator who is absorbed his nose nor the physical pain which was insistent before his soul afire took mastery of sense. give us our experiences of hard and soft. and nourishes delighted boon fellowship with kindred spirits. notable accompanying organic disturbances. give us.

you. well. when Xantippe appears is at the philosophers' board. Compare. is it with any of these kinds of cloth? dis- . Your tooth will cease aching if your house is afire or your horse is running away with important question. silk. then with the other. repeat the experiments with cloth — woolen. Try first a surface which is rough. for the difference is manifold. Repeat as above with the Note whether the feeling is fingers of the left hand. If feeling may be thus dissipated. i. " feel " of each material is peculiar. The soldier frequently fails to note that his arm has been shot off in the onslaught of a charge. too. This will require a good deal of attention. cotton. The act. it may. Repeat with one hand. Regimes Exercise No. To attend or not to attend always with feeling an The end nerves may be brought under large control of the Will. greater with one hand than with the other. then one which is smooth. Pass the ends of each finger of the hand in turn very lightly over any flat uncovered surface. Repeat these exercises with several rough and smooth surfaces. the world must lose in Socratic wisdom. Now of linen. Continue these exercises with several pieces of cloth in pairs. Will.The Soul's "Open Sesame" is Purpose 171 his pains possess the power of a Spanish Inquisition. What " feel " of silk? Of cotton? Of woolen? is the main Of linen? Have you any sensation other than touch If so. So. Note the difference in " feel right between a rough surface and a smooth. as be called in and controlled by the exercise of Exercises in touch are therefore suggested for development of Will. by the sense of touch as given by one piece of cloth with that given by another.

one after the other. Now repeat the experiment with strong pressure upon each finger of the hands separately applied. back of either hand. Exercise No. as clerks in great department stores will testify. and on the tenth day note improvement in touch — delicacy. with the separate fingers. Grasp a small object. Repeat all the exercises here given every day for ten days. Then grasp it firmly. you and cross the finger behind While the fingers are so crossed. if any. Did you feel the object with each finger in the first instance ? In the second ? Make no mistake. 2. dropping it immediately. of each hand. press the unsharpened end of a lead-pencil between . very lightly. j. Exercise No. and on the tenth day note improvement in discrimination.172 agreeable? Exercises in Touch Then resolve to handle that variety of cloth until the aversion has been mastered. This can be done. and instantly drop. Note the degree of steadiness with which this is done. a paperweight or a rubber ball. in sensation What is the diflFerence pressure ? with rest. attention. kinds of sensations produced. Practise touching lightly the sur- face of an uncovered table. etc. with discrimination tenth day note improvement in touch and and on the power of and 4. just an instant. Repeat every day for ten days. Look at the Now first twist the second finger toward it. difference in sensation did you observe? great attention. rest. What. Exercise No. say. between the light touch and the strong Repeat the exercise every day for ten days. This requires that the Will command Hence it cannot be done carelessly.

While your eyes are closed. 5. flower bulb. upon a table. which little is now on the outside of the hand. Examples: small onion. is the sensation of one pencil or the pressure of the pencil between the is two? open? Is the deception stronger with eyes closed or When crossed fingers light. ground . The eyes being closed in the first experiment. with rest. Do not measure by length of hand or finger. mind: which hand is Repeat every day and on the tenth day note imin provement. Explain this mistake. Repeat the experiment with three pairs of fingers. Keep the question more nearly correct in judgment. or when it is strong? Ex- plain the fact that there are apparently two pencils. one after another. and on the tenth day note improvements in the various respects suggested. move the right hand lightly over the objects and endeavor to estimate the several distances which separate them. periment. but not by taking in your hand. piece of amber. with rest. several small objects. Repeat every day for ten days. The eyes still being closed.The Soul's " Open Sesame " Look sharp! is Purpose 173 the finger ends. Now try to determine what the articles are. Exercise No. With eyes closed. 6. or some sugar. ask a friend to present to you. jects. you will probably thrust the pencil against the side of the third finger. so that you can examine by touch alone. piece of dry putty. Exercise No. for ten days. Repeat the exercise with the left hand. sand. small potato. one pencil or two? Do you seem to feel Shut the eyes and repeat the exAgain. piece of wax. place several ob- promiscuously and separated.

Determine by " feel " whether the weights so picked up are equal or not. Continue every day for ten days. two 2 ounces each. Throw them promiscuously all at once upon a table. and so on to a dozen. Repeat with both hands.174 pepper. Estimate the "weights in each experiment. always having two blocks of the same weight. take one in the hand and observe the mental picture that arises by the sense of touch. Let the weights be stamped or written on one side of the blocks only. J. lines. iron — round size. angles. With eyes closed. Close the eyes and at random pick up one block and then a second. Count the faces. two i^ ounces each. blank side up. To assist. Repeat every day for ten Exercise No. models of crystals. used alternately. Exercises in Touch salt. therefore. Procure twenty-four small wooden from blocks about three inches square. This experiment will be difficult because you are not familiar with the forms of crystals. and on the tenth day note improvement in judgment. etc. Now open the eyes and note the difference between this mental picture and the reality. terial — wood. with rest. using the same hand. look at the crystal models until you are able to shut the eyes and perceive with the eye of the mind the form just examined. cut . Exercise No. and judgment is left to touch alone. Procure small blocks of any main shape. and of exactly Say two blocks weigh each i ounce. Repeat the experiment in all cases many times. Repeat every day for ten days. Place them promiscuously on a table. the same but differing slightly in weight. with and on the tenth day note improvement. Repeat with the left hand. rest. 8.

Determine that nothing which you must touch more or less to habitually shall control the sensation which all it pro- duces. This may be useful you in the " control of others. be p. Be not ruled by that aversion. Is the touch of some hands disagreeable to you? Note in what particulars." The effort to overcome an aversion always develops Will. with rest. and resolve to throw off the feeling. "I RESOLVE TO WILL ! ATTENTION ! I . but seek such hands. Cultivate grasp. When you shake the hands with gently-firm people.The Soul's "Open Sesmne" is Purpose 175 days. note in their grasp any index of their character may suggested. he has a vice which needs destruction. Exercise that No. Such an aversion means the to divert its inability of a small mind The really large soul masters irritations and dislikes. Let this aversion be a type of attention. But the guide and controller here is Will. and on the tenth day note improvement in judgment. Every aversion conquered signifies power of Will increased. Instantly rebuke the bone-crusher. tyrannous aversions.

HARMONY The mighty whirl of suns and With infinite complexity Goes ever on. But as the son who loves the sire. — — . Obey! Not as the slave who hates. The Author. Inflexibly (no less) law links The vaster movements and the small Together in harmonic thrall: Thus evil into welfare shrinks. Inflexibly stars Law crushes discord's evil wars. So shall the Cosmos life inspire Worthy high toil and higher fates'.

and increases the sum total of personal power. life s thousand forces come rushing in to report themselves to the sensitive soul-centre. It is a marvelous pilgrimage he is making through while myriad influences stream in upon him. Some Sir WilUam Thomson tells us how hydrogen gas will chew up a large iron spike as a child's molars will chew off the end of a stick of Newell D wight Hillis." is " — Theory of this Chapter Cessation of unnecessary motion conserves force. or drive an engine from Liverpool to London.CHAPTER XIV Exercises for the Nerves "/'^ TANDING at the centre of the universe. a There is a nerve in man that runs out to every room and realm in the universe. Control of nerves tones up body and mind. Some Faraday shows us that each drop of water a sheath for electric forces sufficient to charge 800. Habituated control of nervous energy exercises and Preliminary Sir Michael Foster once said : therefore strengthens and regulates the Will. " When physiology is dealing with those parts of the body which we call . " Man's mechanism stands at the centre of the universe with telegraph-lines extending in every direction.000 Leyden jars. candy.

this way also over almost the "general consciousness" we They are begin the exercises of the present chapter. above that of all the other tissues. vascular." We are conscious of sensations apprehended through the various sense-organs. contingent on the environment and susceptibility to education. to be sure. You With are conscious in particular spots." One may dis- cover this by sitting a fectly still. Do not slight them. rightly handled. a general feeling of warmth or coolness will be observable. little time in a room that is per- The general testimony of the nervous system will then be perceived. for you will desire to think . and take cognizance of the whole body. Nor does do otherwise when she comes to deal with the nervous tissues. but so to train the growing tissues and to guide the grown ones as that the best use may be made of them for the purposes of life. she governs and educates. Nay. it Put your be entire thought upon one will difficult. Regimes Exercise No. to repair the damages of bad usage and disease. exclude from the this mind all external matters. and the like. important. not only to mend that which is hurt. 178 Exercises for the Nerves muscular.. But we are possessed of what is called " general consciousness. She not she only heals. The movement of the heart may be felt . You are alive! You are aware of yourself in a physical sense. but in a general entire body. it is the very prerogative of these nervous tissues that their life is. she points out the way. i. glandular tissues. Sit quietly. thing. Attend to this " general conscious- ness " a few moments. the breathing may become audible a murmur may perhaps be noticed in the ears .

Observe the sum total of facts made known. Note also any improvement in power of attending to " general consciousness" and reports of facts or sensa- makes of the body. room which is moments to " gen- consciousness. Put the whole mind there. at the with diflFerent parts of the body. fact that it 179 Now can be done by write out every itself known to you by the testimony Repeat every day for ten days. Sitting quietly in undisturbed. locate attention at some other spot so resolutely as to forget the sensation of pressure. the back of a hand. and. Ex- clude all sensations except those that arise there. With the shoul- With the back. say. Always get facts testified by consciousness. with rest of two days. with the hand. in each case." Now throw consciousness to some particular part of the body. What ence. give undivided attenin the ears. attend as before a few a. while doing so. Let it be the arm from hand to elbow. of hearing tion to sight: let the whole mind be at the eyes. Now press upon some spot in the body.Ethereal Force Awaits Control of a thousand foreign things. Repeat this exercise with the head. not — — on the objects of vision. With the foot. On the tenth day compare the records and note the sum total of facts reported. are the reports? this exercise Write these facts for refer- Repeat der. or on one cheek. tions. And so on. but persistence and patient willing. Exercise No. Write the results Repeat every day for ten days with rest. On the tenth day compare the records. eral 2. but to the sensation wholly to hearing Again. Now attend not to sounds. together with any improve- .

directly out to the right. from the shoulder. reverse all the above movements." rest Now — retaining your hold — Exercise No. arm leg. six times. quietly. never allowing it to wander ten times. From {d) With the right hand at arm's length above the shoulder. (e) From the original position down to the right side of leg. sciousness. directly up from the shoulder. Repeat every day for ten days. bringing hand to without bending the body. On the tenth day compare the records and note results as before. . directly arm in a semi-circle. From the shoulder. six times. six times. Keep your mind on (&) times. Exercise No. Stand erect in a quiet room. (a) 4. and pass through a regular series of exercises without Move the right arm. Repeat always on consciousness. six the shoulder. the work. swing it around in the hand is directly before the face. down in front. directly out in front. 3. six the right {g) With hand and arm. swing the whole straight. Walk about the room slowly and keeping the mind wholly upon " general con- a moment. six (c) times. with rest.i8o Exercises for the Nerves in ment number of facts observed and power of atten- tion gained. slowly and evenly. weights. Make a record of the most prominent facts reported. (/) With the right arm extended at the right side straight out front until times.

(5) Swing right foot back as before. Stand erect in a quiet room. six times. . (4) Swing right foot back and out and up as far as Return to position. back to position. (t) With the : left hand and arm. Above all. Without supporting yourself with the hands. keep the sense of willing present during each movement. (8) Repeat these exercises every day for ten days. (6) Reverse each times. with rest. six times. around in a semi-circle past right side. sidewise. (2) Swing six times. Re- turn to former position. 5. six possible. back to position. to the floor in former position. ately movements must be made deliberAttend to each exercise with the whole mind. with rest.Ethereal Force Awaits Control i8i (h) Repeat the same movements with the left hand. Make these Return it move- ments deliberately and slowly. around to right. swing the right foot directly out in front as far as possible while retaining the balance of the body. times. Do not permit wandering thoughts. Or inthese Remember and slowly. right foot out to right. (3) Swing right foot out in front. six (7) Repeat all movements with left foot. six times. Repeat every day for ten days. definitely. movement with right foot. preserving balance. Put the entire thought of yourself into every act. Thrust the Will out into the very muscles. reverse all the movements. six times. six times. Be wholly conscious of what you are doing. (i) Exercise No.

to down to former position. in a circle up to the right. {g) Repeat exercises every day for ten days. six times. Look Bend ahead. . to the the right in a circle times. Stand erect in a quiet room. with rest. six times. to the right. Repeat the exercises ten times for ten days. 7. backward down and back to the left shoulder. times. slowly lift the right shoulder up as far as possible. six times. six times. yet slowly and deliberately. Drop the head forward on the it as possible. chest. Slowly swing left to the right. the head back between the shoulders. with intense (a) Exercise No. Turn and return. Swing der.1 82 Exercises for the Nerves suggested must be performed with The work here thoughtfulness. six (/) Drop it. to the right down and back to former to the right all position. mind upon the act. Look (&) (c) straight ahead. six times. With the (2) Repeat with the left shoulder. as far return. (i) Exercise No. Stand erect in a quiet room. and return in like manner to natural position. with rest. and return. and return. six and the head slowly back as far as possible. left up in a circle to the right shoulto the left down around in front and up to the shoulder. six times. (d) (e) Bend the head slowly forward and down. 6. Slowly turn the face far around the face slowly to the left. great vigor.

These exercises are designed to be suggestive. Concentrate thought upon self. They can be varied. straightforward and down . hands hanging prone at the sides. Keep the sense of willing strongly at the fore. (3) Whenever worried or perplexed or weary. of mind. as above. Stand erect. (c) Repeat the exercises every day for ten days. feet. twist the Stand erect. resolutely. in front to the right . Without moving the tice six times. of mood of the three-fold health : — soul. at least every morning of your life. to the left. Keep the Will-idea present. (2) Continue this exercise fifteen minutes. Bend the body at the hips . deliberately. quietly. with rest. an order should be determined upon and rigidly followed. body slowly around as far as possible. Perform all acts slowly. without wandering " I am receiving helpI am open to all good influences! ful forces! : Streams of power for body and mind are flowing in All is well!!" Repeat these and similar assertions calmly yet forcibly many times. Will to be in the best possible moral condition. to the right. Prac8.Ethereal Force Awaits Control (a) Exercise No. Nevertheless. go into this assertive mood and welcome the forces of the . with brief intervals of rest. Rise to the of body. Practice six times. Do not be passive. p. Throw this thought into the limbs and muscles " I RESOLVE : TO WILL ! ATTENTION ! ! (i) Exercise No. with the mind intently fixed upon the movement. Now let the mind affirm. (fe) 183 Stand erect in a quiet room. then to the left.

erect. or go to the window and look out. "I am alive! the Splendidly alive " If you are thin-blooded. Force Will into the act. try to be ting up. and full of Will. fifteen (&) Repeat every day indefinitely. ing. Be natural. vital sense is meant the feeling. Do not seat yourDo not sit stifHy. with rests. but easily. Every act must be a willed act. Do not strut. 10. Repeat. Summons a sense of resolution. whether sitting. (2) Repeat fifteen minutes with at least six different objects. (i) Exercise No. yet encourage Rest in a chair. In the same Mood of Will. Stand erect. No. standing or walkCultivate the vital sense in all movements. (o) Exercise No. dewalk to a chair and be seated. Cultivate natural. Exercises for the Nerves These directions if followed will prove of priceless value to you. Now. 12. advance slowly to a table and take a book in the hand. Throw Will into the act of stand- these Absorbed in self. slowly rise. After a moment's rest.184 good. Stand erect. the erect posture. Do not lop down. All is well am conscious of nothing but good!" Attaining the Mood indicated. By ing. with the whole mind on the act of getTry to be graceful. dyspeptic (o) Exercise liberately ! . or move a chair. walk slowly and deliberately about : ! the room. a sense of forcefulness. for Will may add grace to nature. yet self awkwardly. 11. (3) Continue the exercises indefinitely. think calmly but with power I words " I am standing erect. minutes.

another rubbed. so long will sensations diabolic continue. Continue indefinitely. Why be. cultivate the ability to turn the mind elsewhere. when you are restive. you have already acquired power over your nerves by the dominance of mind. Distracted and robbed of sleep. this may help you greatly. (c) at first be difficult. you permit. The following directions may appear to be absurd . you have practised the suggestions relating to attention and abstraction. So long as one slaps and rubs and pinches. rest and a physician are imperative demands. nevertheless. one spot is slapped. This may be due in part to a want of self-control. When it is shattered. you experience. But many people who regard themselves as well are to subject to its tyranny. " creeping " sensations in the hair of your " a needle is suddenly thrust into your arm. Put the mind upon subject shall some important and absorbing Will that of interest. a particular "tickle" appear at . or a feather seems to be roaming here and there over your physiology. an. Exercise No." How long is this torture to continue? So long as. therefore.Ethereal Force Awaits Control 185 it and nervous. or overtaxed. should one be thus pestered ? It is One needs not to If simply a matter of Will and persistence. 13. it. other is pinched. In regard to all such matters. and no longer than. head the back of your neck " tickles . Cultivate indifference to the fly by ignoring Do not think about it at all. while slumber merely " hangs around. on retiring. but will (0) Repeat fifteen minutes. The nervous system is very apt become a tyrant. they suggest a way out of some nervous difficulties: Sometimes.

" The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark When neither is attended . should bear in mind that there is deep design in back of these exercises and tests offered for your You are pursuing this study for the sole reason that cisely this will you wish increased power of Will.: 1 86 Exercises for the Nerves some other it will obey. and meanwhile you will forget it. and children shout. will that it shall vanish. and residents of Niaghear neither the " indistinguishable babble " of life nor the thunder of Nature. end. The clock's ticking is is unnoticed. making choice of the exact spot. and finally place. while the mind continues unmindful. All is deposited in a very safe bank. would be thought No better a musician than the wren. the huck- voice is not perceived." The accustomed ear is deaf to the world. And preyou secure if you earnestly follow the is instructions given. What Professor Sedgwick has said of these tasks. The nightingale. does not. the railway train ster's not heard. But the Will hides behind the tympanum to make custom its beneficent muffler. and a city roars. I think. " There . cattle low. Shakespeare has said ara. by day. Busy men who are sur- rounded by dense populations. If it will it from one place to another. it will certainly obey in the Similarly with regard to any other distracting " feeling. You use." As in a matter of fact everyone exerts such self-control a thousand instances daily. if she should sing When every goose is cackling. and. one consolation. and birds sing. too. in the carrying out Not a jot or tittle of the effort expended will be lost or wasted.

it gains more and more. is derived.' Not only is nothing lost. The progression is geometrical.Ethereal Force Awaits Control of mind-culture is 187 ' equally true of will-culture : It is impossible to estimate the ultimate good to be derived in indirect ways from any bit of mental cultivation one manages to give oneself. It adds to itself its own newly-acquired will-power. but a profit which bears an analogy to compound interest." efficiency in own "I RESOLVE TO WILL ! ATTENTION ! ! . but by increasing its various exercises winning will-power. The will is not only laying its by a it is supply of will-power. and thus strengthened.

the mind's skill in it. the king. Low life Brute life refused abused it. then. . it. it. gained Show Put. it. Struggle divined refined it. Selfhood fulfil in it. Art. — The Adthos. it. thy Will in it. Reason restrained Discipline trained it. Spirit life used it.THE HAND Wisdom Ages designed it.

and I will set him AM. If the most nimble-fingered watch-maker among you will come to my workshop. a — to dissect. the The so-called " science of based on the inner lines of the hand. H. to vaunt. attention. The consequent need of a perfect executor. he may set me to put a watch together. Theory of this Chapter The hand. Huxley. I years. mind's executive organ. This is because few people really understand the one condition of all knowledge. say. in a general way. Enormous reaction upon Will-power of culture of mind resolutely determined in manual training.CHAPTER XV Exercises for the **"|j~ Hands and have been. The hands palmistry" nature of their owner." — Thos. but I I do not wish am inclined to think that I shall manage my job to his satisfaction sooner than he will do his piece of work to mine. is are said to indicate. Nevertheless. now . and the delicate curving lines of the finger-ends are observed in prison studies for the identification Yet few people know their own hands. a blackbeetle's nerves. any time these thirty man who works with his hands a handicraftsman. the hand is one of the most perfect of criminals. Culture of mind through mastery of hands.

cradle. mower. As the body is the instrument of mind. string. the hook and net. an index of spirit-values. scythe. is The farmer wills education: the outcome pen. The house-dweller wills agriculture : the outcome is the spade. To the ditch-digger may be a claw only. science. becomes mind's chief officer in life. the school and college. the is the and mallet. the microscope and telescope. a tool or an instrument of the noblest humanity. the saw. reaper. Preliminary The hand is the executive organ of the body. horn — orchestral wills music: the outcome talent. the . the hoe. the trowel. the shovel. range of according to the it soul behind it. ink and paper. the library. the axe. the plow. A catapult or a wound-dresser. a food producer or a mind-revealer. nails and various building materials. The educated chisel soul wills art: the outcome pallet. the bow and arrow. reveal the Industry. the hand is servant and king among of all the senses. the brush and the museum. the laboratory. a prophet the future. the hand. its nobility. thresher. : The savage wills to procure flesh for food the outcome is the spear. mill. the printing-press. The hunter is the wills a permanent shelter: the outcome hammer. canvas and is The artistic mind reed. therefore. the sickle. art. to the painter and sculptor an instrument of creative power. the pickaxe. invention. the rake. a sword-wielder or a swayer of the pen.190 Exercises for the Hands and obedient of servants.

Note their peculiarities. the Rubric.The King Must Also Serve These all 191 is will government: the outcome the throne and sceptre. six times. slowly spread fin- another. But as well. each exercise above. so intently and thoughtfully that you can form a men(a) Exercise tal picture of them with closed eyes. the Church. (&) Slowly move the limp fingers of the right hand toward the palm until they touch it. the Book. Training of the hand always reacts upon the growIt may become a medium by which to culture the soul and develop the Will. — — puts his whole hand to the growth of Will-power. the Concrete Philanthropy of Soul. the hand has been omnipresent as the Executive of the Conquering Will. Like Will like hand. Examine the hands carefully. (c) Repeat while bringing the thumb in the same manner under to meet the fingers six times. from one Repeat all open. With hand extended. the constitution. six times. six times. like hand like Will. treaty. has power of will wholly in hand. Man wills religion: the outcome is the altar. and return to exercises with the left hand. the court and council-rooms. Get acquainted with them. Whoever ing mind. the sword. (d) Repeat with stiffened muscles. Every single step in this long journey. {e) gers and thumb touch. i. and return in the same manner. gun. six . (/) times. Regimes The following should be practised: No.

beginning with light pressure increasing to the limit wood. be alternated between the right hand and the : left. put Will (i) Exercise No. grasp the piece of ually grip the same. In- . twelve times. a sense of Will must be kept strongly in mind. following the order above indicated. 2. with rest of days. same with Also. 3. (a) Exercise No. (5) Repeat with the arm straight back from right and held up as far as possible. and above each movement. (2) Repeat with the side. the lungs should be inflated during each movement. Stand Fill the lungs. registering ten or twelve pounds.192 Exercises for the Hands two (g) Repeat every day for ten days. Above all. and slowly and gradand of strength. straight up from the right at the right side. Procure a spring-balance weighing scale. six times. The exercises may left. (4) Repeat with the six times. each part of exercise with and left hands. and a slight rest should be indulged from time to time. arm prone side. six times. two (7) Repeat every day for ten days. Remember. With the right hand held straight out in front and at arm's length. What unless into is the value of these directions ? None at all. (6) Now exercise the left hand in the same manner. arm arm straight out at the right (3) Repeat with the shoulder. Example Entire exercise with twelve times. Repeat six times. ofif six inches of an old broom-handle. six times. Saw erect. evcx-ything else. right right hand . with rest of days. you think.

Observe which hand registers greater improvement in given time. from time to time. (2) Continue for ten days. thumb under table and by finger movement only (do not pull with the arm) draw on the balance as hard as possible. note. Now throw the balance-hook over the nail. (&) Repeat. the edge of the table to prevent the fingers while drawing as suggested from quite touching the palm of the hand. with rest. with intervals of rest. Make record as before. (c) Make a dated record of pull indicated in pounds and mark right hand. six times in all. table. and enough more to permit the thumb of the hand grasping the wood to curve under the table edge and cling. The balance-hook must pull on nail far enough from wood with edge. the length of the balance Drive a nail into a from the edge. (</) progress. fail an instant to put Will into In particular. whether or not you can increase pulling power of fingers by sheer exercise of Will. On the tenth day. Repeat with the left hand. 4. Summons constantly a feeling of the greatest resolution possible. {e) Continue every day for ten days. six times. while some one is playing upon any good instrument a strong and rapid (1) day. grasp the fingers of right hand. compare records and note fractions. musical composition.The King Must Also Serve sert the 193 broomhandle in ring. Exercise No. with rest. In this work. and preserve. six times. never each movement. Rest two days from the tenth Repeat the above exercises with right and left hands alternately. . during 13 all movements.

Imagine that you hold a re- volver in the right hand. in every member of the body. trigger. Six times. Set the hands to the learning of the skillful use of some useful mechanical trade — various tools. Left hand. Strive to cultivate skill and maintain a and confident while engaged in any manual work. 5. Resolve to master one thing! Persist until the goal is yours. finger. Exercise No. 6. One man the 'bull in . finger as before? Do you energy in the Resolve to do Will mightily to that end. or drawing. take up some musical instrument. (a) Exercise No. final Observe improve- ment. as carving. If already so employed. as advised in "Business Power" under the caption. " Skilled Craftsmanship. Right hand. used at any This gives harmony between the conscious and time. engraving. perfection. (c) Repeat for ten days. the deeper or subconscious self —a harmony always is needful to the best work. Explain that fact. Now of think of pulling the but do not Throw a sense move it. feeling of nice 7. Observe especially whether music has seemed to increase Will-power. Observe which hand has now made the greatest improvement. delicacy. Exercise No. (&) Repeat with all fingers in turn." " The idea is a sense in consciousness of nicety. or painting. cabinet making. compare records and note improvement in each hand. great energy into the Now hold the breath and feel so.1194 Exercises for the Hands On the tenth day. repeat the imaginary act.

you really depend on the acquired habits and ability which previous thought has bedded down in the deeper self. .' another is deftness itself. and thus prevent the habit of unsteadiness of spirit and body.' you confuse your own ' ' Some efifort. are urged to multiply yourself into what you do. so obviating 'hair-trigger' conditions and a Will . when your ordinary ' thinking becomes over- anxious or flurried." Exercise No. may be trusted. As a matter of fact. to be pushed in your with the best Above all. These exercises may be continued with vided the idea of Will is everlastingly pro- borne in mind. Remember. p. never permit yourself work beyond a pace consistent results. You should. thousand blunders. the most skillful persons possess this consciousness without being particularly aware of it. remember skillfully. to other work for a time. profit.The King Must 'Also Serve 195 the china closet. quiet yourself by an act of turn. things which we do perfectly without conscious if we immediately muss up we try carefully to attend to all details. therefore. if necessary. 8. " The best results demand a man's best conscious powers on the matter in hand. not permit the hurried feeling to take possession of your nerves. When Do such feeling does occur." Exercise No. ' a thing that the trained deeper self times. Oftenskill. when the mind is is steady the hand almost sure to follow that condition. in doing You But having the skilled feeling developed.

majestic. Bubbles. thy life's giver.BUBBLES Bubbles. many souls elusive Sphere the outer life obtrusive: Films diaphanous emerge Where frets hinder. Thou art Power within is the sea. Seek the large life quintessential. Rocks at bed and shores Jealous of the far-off Soul. Never a moment quite quiescent Save when day's ethereal breath Darks their rainbow hues in death. small things urge. — . surface ebulitions. thy at side. tide. ne^er river. Born of alien attritions. filmy. The Authob. vast. Peace he thine on stormless deeps! Peace whose power thy selfhood keeps. Holding self all reverential! Seek thy sea. Where Sea? the steady stars are glassed. evanescent.

When minute. in — inning of an even game of ball will largely depend the engineer of a upon Will and train cannot " hold himself up " to a mile a fast mail self-control. W. Theory of this Chapter Physical quietness conducive to self-control. he must give way to a better man. The trembling pen writes a crabbed "hand. games."—^ Pro/. . yet when the supreme moment came the hand guided the knife with This to be visible to the eye directly. speaker loses his audience. but the execu- tion is defective. E. Self-control the generator of energy. Scripture. As the Will is exerted the steadiis ness of position is increased. in national affairs. The nervous surgeon acquires small practice. Regulation of energy a dynamo of Will." The agitated parent.CHAPTER XVI Exercises in Steadiness **^ ^HE I most interesting fact about these exis periments in steadiness that the Will is JL marked as to have a steady position. admirable steadiness. Diplomacy. Great undertakings frein quently require perfect mastery of the body The ninth business. The importance of steady nerves Js everywhere apThe unsteady duelist is doomed. sometimes so I have seen the scalpel tremble in a surgeon's hand so that a serious accident appeared inevitable.

Under soul then fierce provocation men sometimes ! nerves giving way to pressure of anger or fear. cal relation through mind but Such value has a physiit may also affect mind through body. nerves reveal the fact. sulting. after records of experiments. The panic of fear nervous system on the edge of collapse. now Steady : ! Body responds sets the to conditions of mind.: : 1198 'Exercises in Steadiness in trade. ." following suggestions is chief object of the growth of Will. restampede of a western ranch or the tumultuous rout of a Bull Run battle. Will must always be present Let' the mind constantly in the movements directed. in the controlling and fearless man is one who is " nerved " to the situation. PRELIMINAEY course " trembly " nerves which are the result of But. politics and international councils. The movement life of an eyelash find the often involves the destinies of and of war. tend to increase the power of Will In the end any such practice must itself." And. Of may frequently be overcome by intelligent practice and determined Will. If mind is a-tremble. affirm: "Attention! I resolve to will! I am wholly engaged in willing this act!" . Hence. The value of attention to The steadiness is thus indicated. Scrip- ture asks " Can steadiness be increased by practice ? This problem can be answered in respect to the hand. demands the impassive face. Dr. this trembling disease require medical treatment. unless mastered. he says "The The question of the possibility is of gaining in steadiness by practice thus definitely settled. the " commands itself " Steady.

Breathe natIn the most resolute mood possible stand perfectly still while counting one hundred at a moderate rate. the Brain 199 i. Breathe and wink naturally. Do not permit the body to sway. erect. Do not stare. Stand erect. and large enough to be seen at a distance of eight feet. Place the tip of the forefinger of the right hand. Repeat. practice may well be continued indefinitely. Stand erect. six . six times. with rests. Stand firmly. Repeat with rests. tip palm toward the imaginary to original line. face. Relax and (&) rest one hundred counts. an easy posture. of breathing and winking. (i) Exercise No. or a round spot made with a pencil. six as above directed while (c) Repeat above exercises every day for ten days. Fix the eyes upon some small object on the wall of your room. Be seated. There should be no movements except those (o) Exercise No. times. from your body along such the keeping of finger rigidly thereon. palm toward face. directly on a line running from the right eye to such object or spot. 2. but in main perfectly quiet one hundred. Reyou count Rest as before. but naturally. say a nail-head or the corner of a picture. position in the same and return manner six — times. (2) Repeat with edge of hand toward times.Nerve Leakage Saps Regimes urally. The time suggested is merely an example. with rest of two days. until the arm is fully extended. face. Slowly move the hand.

from right to left. six times. Six not jerk. Stand erect. six times. 3. six times. with rest (t) (/) . six times. (c) Repeat with times. shutting thumb and first finger. six times. (e) Reverse. (6) Reverse. six times. Repeat and reverse with right arm stiffened. Do a perfect circle of with the finger. Reverse. (6) Repeat with the fingers of the left hand. so as to describe it several feet diameter. stiffened arm. six times. six times. straight line. Repeat and reverse with left arm limp. arm. {h) Reverse. six times. pointing with the forefinger. with second finger. running tip of finger along an imaginary line as diameter of the circle. with rest. six times. and reverse. Extend the right arm. drawing Not too rapidly. (7) Continue these exercises every day for ten days. Move the whole limp arm. six {d) Move the limp left arm from left to right. Left. (4) Repeat. six times.200 Exercises in Steadiness (3) Repeat with back of hand toward face. arm stiffened. left to right. from times. hnip. (/) Repeat with stiffened arm. Control trembling and unevenness of movement. (fl) Exercise No. six times. (5) Repeat with each of the remaining fingers as above suggested. (fe) Continue for ten days. slowly and evenly. six times . at full length. on a (^) Repeat with right arm limp.

or any part. (2) Repeat with various other positions. Put into calmness of Will.Nerve Leakage Saps '(l) the Brain 201 Exercise No. practise stated periods of sitting and standing while thinking of these motions but resolutely forbidding them. lips. nervous. that he would flog him unless the habit was mastered. position with the it entire body. steadily while counting one hundred. You must think every act intently. attention. the resolute mood. " is incapable of Exercise No. times. feet. 5. Assume any Maintain Rest. for ten days. The head should not move with the arms. Repeat six times. Set regular hours for this exercise." " He who is incapable of controlling his muscles. was cured by the threat of an old sea-captain. nervous youth who A was subject to twitching of the hands and features. fingers. with whom he made a long voyage. Throw Maintain always the Will into the end of the finger. 4. Whether sitting or standing eliminate all unnecessary movements of hands. legs. eyes." said Maudsley. In order thereto. This exercise should be observed during life. in the morning. the exercise great strength but striking suggestion of your power in this direction may be seen in the following paragraph: Always practise when weary or A . Fear aroused the Will. fifteen minutes. Remember the goal. Put the Will-sense into all move- ments. Set your Will to the control of such movements. The eyes must follow the lines suggested. varied in position. Acquire the habit of physical quietness while the body is mainly at rest. the mind must not be permitted to wander in the least. each six (3) During all this practice.

was as the breath was out of his body.' trouble aboard. ! ! ! ! ! Exercise No. his biographer says best proved instance that he : " I asked. worry. ordered punishment. and asserting that you are now in. usually. thinking intensely of. The surest steadiness of nerves and muscles must come from poise of sotil and tone of health. a state of perfect mental poise." " 202 Exercises in Steadiness In the Life of Dr. 6. the famous Arctic him for the knew of the soul's power over the body. You can acquire the first if you will take a few minutes each day for absolute quietness of mind and body. Men as he was. and shouted in his ear. Elisha Kane. health is provided for in the following "Power For Success. I went down to his bunk. case so bad that either lived or died." A self-con- vigorous person should possess steadiness of called nerves. I felt that he owed the repose of dying to the service. * — — old scar in his body a running ulcer. shutting out all ideas of hurry. long before they are as ill I never saw a die of it. Ed- . " and order these fellows before me " He heard the complaint. " Set me up said he. He paused a moment upon my question as if to feel how it was put. " Mutiny Captain Mutiny " He shook off the cadaverous stupor. though occasions must be may arise in which the Will on for assertion of existing power. sir! dying. and from that hour convalesced. The tone of chapter and in trolled. business and activity of every kind. There There might be mutiny so soon We might be at each others' throats. and then answered as with a spring: The soul can lift the body out of its When our captain was dying I say boots. I have seen scurvy enough to know every explorer.

He was lying stretched frozen and stiff as a They picked him up and carried him back to the log. in whom the frost. and the assistance. could find no sin. though it went right through his body. The night was very cold and dark.' cabin. Surely that was a holy man. and suggests what general poise power of Will may achieve under psychic stress equal to that of the freezing conditions referred to in the incident." whole. " I knew a miner from Manitoba and a good plus wholesome man he was who told me that one night a stranger knocked at the door of his log-cabin on the edge of Lake Superior and begged help. but after some searching they found the man. and sat up all night and into the next day conAt last he came tinually rubbing and chafing his body. . to and made a complete recovery. saying that he and a companion had been crossing the lake on the ice. sound. For when you are " holy. and in a few days except for some marks of frost-bite on his skin showed no sign of damage." A " holy " man is a whole man. two hurried down across the ice. and the latter possesses nerves and physical tone equal to all demands ' — — — — — as should be true of every human who is king (or queen) in the inner and the outer life. you command both body and mind. He who had knocked at the door had come on alone for My friend picked up a lantern. and that the companion had given out.Nerve Leakage Saps the Brain 203 ward Carpenter tells a strong story in "The Art of Creation " which illustrates the value of great physical vigor on emergency.

For ye are mine. my heart! my heart! glow in my heart! soul. me sweep — — The Authos. sing in Stars. the wealth. Mine is the earth-man's vibrant health: All things for love of me their vigils keep / have the health. There's no thing dear to me is not my wealth. Ur still days brood. For swift possession is my earth-man's health Or still days brood. the stars. the pine. the wealth. or rough winds round J have the health.HEALTH The sea. No life that seeks me I would distant keep. sea. is Of a part the wonderful Whole. and my Like ye. . in Pine. — Run. the forest deep Bequeath to me their subtle wealth. or rough winds round me sweep.

does not advance that business so rest after much as forgetting mind rest. morning ^^_^ letting the and evening. plan. More variety of occupation. and possibly three. thought to put in it. Theory of this Chapter State of Will depends upon condition of physical health. or art. Physical health is a goal of science. "What is the remedy? More recreation. or science. with more force. .CHAPTER XVII General Health **^^>^ARRYING I mind all any business or study in the really it the time. refresh them. Mind allowed to ideas and new force to carry out ideas. as and you allow your muscles to at intervals any physical exertion. and in such rest gains new — or set of faculties. and through the resolute and persistent Will. and go back to business. next day. More selves in our one self. idea." forgetfulness rest the first life Prentice Mulford. day and night. and in the second life forget for the time all about the first. is reached. To attain the highest and happiest life we need to have two. if not four lives in one to be merchant in the morning and artist or yachtman or something else in the afternoon. recuperate them. or any occupation.

The secret of energy. is the ' mind cure potent in nerve diseases. A condition of general health is of paramount im- portance to development of Will. in- upon our power of willing. and even of ethics. and to summons a strong psychic condition. Willemphatic personality. On the contrary. certain forms of ailing or disease to be well is ! may be benefited or even cured. and when sufficient Will-power can be mustered to banish fear and nervousness. and is certain of great attain- ments. but this ception. is well known. is largely in sound digestion and good ventilation. discouragement. and the emphasis of personal resolution. is There are great probably the ex- Wills in feeble bodies. Lessen or vitiate the supply of blood. which is the strong Will. Ordinarily a man's average power of Will is determined by his average of health. cerebral congestion in a vig- orous person (as in the insane) may generate tremendous outbursts of muscular activity and stern resolution. The momentum of a well person thrown into Willculture is enormous. 2o6 General Health Every rule of health deliberately followed becomes a developer of Will-power. The influence of pain." Undoubtedly the mind exercises a great influence over the body. or ultimately upon good food well digested and good air well inhaled. depends power is largely upon physical conditions. is " Will ' This.." Every intelligent physician understands . and not useless in other maladies. in the last analysis. In a sense. " Hence vigorous self-determination depends upon plentiful and wholesome blood supply. and you may produce any desired degree of inaction and helplessvalidism. strictly speaking. ness.

Hence. and to such a degree that the necessary sense of Will can no more be put forth than a determination to perform a physical or religious miracle. and hopeful mood of mind. But see Rule 14 below. " Nevertheless. In time of health ultimately only be cured by. Frequently such influence masters the soul before Will can be sum- moned. and can disease.^ this Temple for Emphatic Personality 207 assertive tive and seeks to cultivate in his patients the helpful. surely the ra- tional cure is to bring these ideal centres into a healthy condition. " A strong moto live positively keeps some people alive. But mind influenced by body. and tried and proved medical practice." said is a noted Scotch physician. can produce ideal diseases. Most people drink Water which . Schofield remarks in " The Unconscious Mind. Plenty of sound sleep should be secured. and slumber should be enhanced by plenty of pure air. Food should be is regulated according to peculiarities of body and general work performed. Here notice Some Important Rules 'Rule I." as Dr. pure should be freely drunk. it is important fully to understand. the ideal and then make them the means of curing Mental disease requires. mental medicine. the best advice of common sense in regard to health would attempt to combine these forces of nature proper attention to physical conditions. a resolute state of Will." In time of peace prepare for war. T. it can be made by suggestion to exercise as healthy an influence over the body as previously ideal centres If it exercised a harmful one. fortify against disease." " that when the brain is restored to health by — good nerve tissue and healthy blood. A.

interested which brings unused muscles into play is This general truth lies at the bottom of popular employment of the day called Sunday. or dawdle around with listless energies that exercise neither mind nor muscles. — complains that his observance of the unfits Day wearies or it is him for the week following. For the laboring man absolute idleness is not always rest. It frequently involves wrong methods as well as various excesses. The air of many sleeping rooms would kill a wild Indian. leaving. possible to " dissipate " in this matter. The laboring man would improve his condition if he would quit his enemies and ally himself healthful religious use of every department. This is . that shows that you do not know what real religion is or that your Will is set in directions contrary to the deepest instincts of mankind. and some people shoulder the universe while church bells are ringing. Regularity of habits should Sufficient exercise must be taken to keep the muscles from degeneration and to vitalize the blood by activity of lungs. Rest is also important. testimony agrees that a Sunday tones the system in not Puritanism it is common sense. To be sure. with at least a little semblance of sound reason. . If you sneer at this proposition. who nevertheless waste health in other ways. be cultivated. The most wholesome rest as yet discovered for that day is suggested by religion. little for the Almighty to accom- Nevertheless. There are people who are always too tired to attend religious exercises on Sunday. The normally and intelligently religious person never activity better. Rule 2. But such employment is largely injurious rather than beneficial.2o8 too little General Health water. apparently plish alone.

upon the following per- petual regimes: Determine to live in a regulai manner. Resolve. keep up a gentle but resolute activity a short time before going out of the dressing-room. Attention! A bit of perfumery dropped will prize the into the bath. They prevent an even circulation. feelings. Shun rich pastries and foods and drink which stimulate but do not nourish. After vigorous drying rub and knead and few minutes. They dispel hopefulness. de- pression. Bathe frequently. worry. will cultivate phys- pride — not vanity — which body and make clean Rule 6. always 3. 2. and lower the mental tone. Rule ical 5. Neverbe master of rules. then. 4. masterful Will. should be forever banished from mind by the resolute. Temple for Emphatic Personality 209 Above sour all. They should be cast out of life with the resolution that as aliens they shall always be treated. They not only disturb the mind. All these are physiological devils. or applied thereafter. anger. theless. If the bath has been taken during the day. cooler than the first. and dry thoroughly. and obscure high motives. unless you are convalescent. not slave. Keep the body clean. rinsing in fresh water. flesh a delight. They induce more or less permanent physiological states which are inimical to vigorous Will. slap for a 14 .A Rule 3. jealousy. morose thoughts. The poisons which they generate are deadly in the extreme. but injure the body by developing poisons and distorting cells. Regimes Rule 1. irritation.

Don't sleep in a freezing at- mosphere. See to it. Rule /. Drink at least four full glasses of pitre water every day unless you are too case consult a physician. conscious of being a clean and very good sort of person. Don't sleep in a hot room. attractive. that the pure air can get to you. 'Rule 8. Of course it is here supposed that you have stopped exercise in a heated condition. Drink water freely before retiring. A good drink is composed of rather hot water with milk to color well. and then sprawl over every foot of bed-linen. before. If the bath is taken before retiring. Make sure of pure air in your sleeping room. luxuriating. except when heated. Now note with shut eyes what you see of colors and shapes and sleep. the For most people more would In addition. Don't sleep in a draft. Don't boil your stomach with hissing hot water. and enough salt to taste. p. Make it That room ought to be the best in the If it is It is frequently the poorest. Keep your sleeping-room clean. get into a clean garment. If heated. fleshy. refresh mouth by rinsing. however. in which probably be better. Rule house. but do not swallow for a time.2ia Then assume a General Health self-possessed and assertive mood of mind. resting. Drink at your meals. Place a light screen between yourself and the source of air. of a proper temperature. a small . drink whenever you want water. with Will strongly at the fore. If possible sleep with head away from open door or window. in the inky darkness before you. after. Don't gulp ice-water.

Keep body and clothing as clean as pos- Labor. with a bit of perfumery. There is also unnoticed benefit in occasional change of the outer garments. and therefore may not wisely "bunk down " like a dog. of course. good Will has no care for asses' Let fools laugh braying. he always dressed himself with the utmost care. many things for furniture. if he hap- . Frederick II. and that is feel Even a fresh new for an eminently worth the while. The mind of the wearer in turn gets a fresh feeling by donning different cloth- or by varying the combination. and Haydn declared that. can do better work than in garments grimy with dirt and grease. Rule sible. People who do not handle dirt have. air a day or two. with a soul. articles of toilet. had given him a diamond ring. when he down to compose. It rejuvenates a suit of clothing or a dress to hang it in good ing. because you are a male biped. or " stall in " like a horse or an ox. had his hair nicely powdered.'A Temple for Emphatic Personality 211 hired room. sacrifice tures. having a direct bearing upon handkerchief touched the soul's power of Will. though it be a red bandana people are dandies or A in a mechanic's hands. in a clean shirt and blouse. that. and put on his best suit. you are above these suggestions. would serve a similar purpose. necktie or polished shoes make a man hour. Do not suppose that. You are occupied with dirt dirt at night? all is not get away from Man day why an animal . flirts . the musician. Few hence a flower on the person every day would minister to self-respect and a high-toned consciousness. pic- ornaments. " It sat is related of Haydn. 10. no excuse for being unclean. real man need be neither a prig nor a ! A A boor.

courage in ordinary thought psychic force which will hides a dynamic capable even of " miracles. Rule 12. he Similarly as to good music." Rule II. Always and everywhere Maintain the resolute cultivate high mindedness.212 General Health it. W. resolutely and forever every- thing thought to be injurious to health. and was as particular in forming his notes." This elevates and tends to maintain the tone of one's mind. and see that its beneficent harmonies are often heard. Let music be as much a part of the day's routine as eating or reading or working. every clean opportunity for hearing Purchase some kind of instrument for the home. evil thing." said Dr. the sense Assert yourself. " and you will find that is to the soul what the water-bath is to the body. Rule 13. It should now be added that beyond dis- pute personal power for maintaining and securing is not confined to mere Will as commonly under- Below and Will which death. O." and — ultimately rid the earth of disease is and This psychic force expressed partly in men- tal thought. pened to begin without single idea. Discard. Mood of Will. as had been engraving them on copper-plate. Seek. Holmes. "Take a music-bath once or twice a week for a few seasons. Rule health stood. he could not summon a if He could write only on the finest paper. of success. it. against every Carry with you in all activities of nobility. 14. — all moods of is cheerfulness. hope. for every good influence. of health. but more perfectly and prophetically in a . therefore.

in. Rise to the higha free use of anything under heaven which the above suggestions a perpetual regime of I helps life to health. Make your " all life. Temple for Emphatic Personality 213 psychic state which is a complex of assumption. and that as the universal good enters from without and the Infinite Self emerges from below up into the subconscious personal self. and haphazard it The it soul must essay the process again and again until discovers the process. The path leading to such state is that of expecting effort to feel the state within the inner centre of per- One should affirm that universal good is pouring one should assume and assert the fact. that one has deeply imbedded in the deeps of soul the idea of self as whole because the Infinite Ground does not and cannot wish otherwise. The brief process above suggested cannot be acquired by efforts. confidence and profound realization — that is. one should assume and assert that the ground of one's existence is the Infinite Reality. Do est level of not omit either method. must put the process into action incesand power in its use are acquired. But observe: In real illness call your physician and at the same time bring your psychic power into requisiThe notion that the physician and psycho-auto tion. asserWill or sovereign authority an idea of command in action conquering illness and securing health — — and son. thought-feeling of betterment. all inharmonious conditions are necessarily passing away — being expelled. treatment are inconsistent and antagonistic is utterly Thereafter santly until facility false.A tion. ! ATTENTION RESOLVE TO WILL ! ! .

But — — How act? How stand? What power — and how Seas. the Hills. thyself the king's . domain! " . The third Galactic. and Life. with moods receptive rife At last stood awed where human empires breed. simple soul destraught! "Poise. Powers for thy rule complain: "Thou art the King. The first cried. "Power in the Deed! To war I went with sounding drum and fife To faith I turned. gain? Then up spoke Life: " Oh. Action. "Poise! Defeat is bred of strife. " Action 1 Thou art spirit freed. the Starry Vault. Faith and World in vain! — The Authok. " The second. Hills and Stars ne'er the thing I urged these Masters taught. — War." " THY SELF / asked of These revealment of my need: The Seas.

Part III— Mental Regime

WHAT
The

SEEST THOU?

gracious light, in semi-sphere Created by the living soul.

Of

Encompasses the vision's whole worlds afar and atoms near.
vault of heaven, gemmed and deep. earth and sea o'erwhelmed in light.

The

And

Full complements of thought invite That soul may all its empire keep.

And

so the world within the flesh

The larger gains, and grows apace To Truth's ideal and Beauty's grace With understanding ever fresh.
Yet must the Wider Life emerge Within the lesser, welling up. If living spirit's wine-filled cup Reflect the Drama's drift and urge.

What seest thou? Thy self alone: Thou art the world and all its parts.

And

this is being's

Art of Arts:

To know

the Vaster Life thine own.

— The Author.

CHAPTER

XVIII

Exercises in Attention

"TTT

IS subject to the superior authority of the
I yield
it
it

I
centrate

Ego.
it

or I withhold

it

as I please;

I direct

in turn to several points; I con-

upon each point as long as

stand the effort."

— Dictionaire Philosophique.

my

Will can

iTheory of Chapter
Attention, become habituated, involves constant and strong action of Will; The idea of Will-power, always present in the effort
to habituate attention, will

come

to possess

and domi-

nate the mind;

Such domination, by a psychic
function which
it

law, develops the

concerns.

The preceding chapters have had in view the development of Will by means of physical exercises. If the suggestions hitherto given have been followed, self-culture has resulted with marked growth in this direction. While our work has been physical, the mind has nevertheless been directly involved, for always the Will has thrust itself forward, both as ruler and as object. We are now to enter more particularly the mental field, with the same end in view.
Preliminarx-

The value
would seem

to the Will of perseverance in this

work

to be evident.

A

determined effort to de-

2i8

Exercises in Attention
its

velop the volitional power must certainly result in

growth.

But mental

activity

having this end in view

will generate unconscious processes

making for the
:

Doctor Holmes has said " I was told, within a week, of a business man in Boston, who, having an important question under consideration, had given it up for the time as too much for him. But he was conscious of an action going on in his brain which was so unusual and painful as to excite his apprehensions that he was threatened with palsy, or something of that sort. After some hours of this uneasiness, his perplexity was all at once cleared up by the natural solution of his doubt coming to him worked out, as he believed, in that obscure and

same

goal.

troubled interval."

"We

are constantly finding results of unperceived

mental processes in our consciousness.
striking instance,

Here

is

a

borrow from a recent number of an English journal. It relates to what is considered the most interesting period of incubation in Sir William Rowan Hamilton's discovery of quaternions. The time was the 15th of October, 1843. On

which

I

that day, he says in a letter to a friend, he

ing from his observatory to Dublin with
ton,

was walkLady Hamil'

when, on reaching Brougham Bridge, he felt the galvanic circle of thought close and the sparks that fell from it were the fundamental relations between i, ^> just as he used them ever afterwards." If, then, the brain may unconsciously work out specific results of thought under the influence of a desired end, the idea of a mighty Will, kept constantly before the mind and directing given and continuous mental exercises, will undoubtedly generate a process always tending to build up the volitional powers. And
'

;

*..

A
as the Will
latter

Focused Soul Fears Nothing
is

219

located throughout the entire mind, the
into action for the Will's

must be wholly brought training and development.

The secret of our future labor will be found in that which has been absolutely indispensable all along, to wit: ATTENTION. But attention is hereafter to be
confined to the
intellect.

Its direction is not so

much

outward as inward; its subject is not so truly the senses as the mind and its extension, so to speak, by means of the senses. " The essential achievement of the Will," says Prof. William James, " when it is most voluntary, is to attend
to a difficult object and hold it fast before the mind." "Effort of attention is the essential phenomenon of

Will."

fessor

But what do we mean by the word Attention ? ProJames Sully says: "Attention may be roughly

defined as the active self-direction (this involves Will)

any object which presents itself to it at He refers to the make-up of the word: ad tendere, to stretch towards. " It is somewhat the same as the mind's consciousness of what is present
of the
to

mind

the moment."

'

'

to

it.

The

field

of consciousness, however,
I

is

wider

than that of attention.
degrees of distinctness.
distinctly conscious of

Consciousness admits of

many
in-

may be very

vaguely or

some bodily sensation, of some haunting recollection, and so on. To attend is to intensify consciousness by concentrating or narrowing It is to force it on some definite or restricted area. the mind or consciousness in a particular direction so

make the objects as distinct as possible." Now, Dr. Scripture remarks on the same subject: " The innumerable psychologies attempt to define it, but when they have defined it, you are sure to know
as to

220
just as

'Exercises in Attention

much about it as before." Then, to show the difference between the " focus " (of the mind) and the " field " of the present experience (consciousness),
he writes:
lets

"Ask your
at

pher, to bring around his camera.

you look

amateur photograHe sets it up and the picture on the ground glass. The
friend, the

glass is adjusted so that the picture of a person in

the middle of the
objects are

room

is

sharply seen;

all

the other

somewhat blurred, depending on their distance from him. Change the position of the glass a trifle. The person becomes blurred and some other object becomes sharp. Thus, for each position of the glass there is an object, or a group of objects, distinctly
seen while all other objects are blurred. To make one of the blurred objects distinct, the position of the glass

must be changed, and the formerly comes blurred.

distinct object be-

" In like manner, we fully attend to one object or group of objects at a time; all others are only dimly noticed. As we turn our attention from one object to another what was formerly distinct becomes dim. " The illustration with the camera is not quite comYou can keep the objects quiet in the room, but plete. you cannot keep your thoughts still. The mental condition would be more nearly expressed by pointing the camera down a busy street. You focus first on one The things in focus pass out thing, then on another. of it, others come in. Only by special effort can you keep a moving person or wagon in focus for more than a moment." To " attend," therefore, is to keep the mind " focused " on the one thing, whether it lies among subjects of thought which correspond to the furniture of a room or to moving objects seen in a busy street.

A
Attention
that solicit

Focused Soul Fears Nothing
is

221

the " eifort of the
notice."

mind

to detain the

idea or perception, and to exclude the other objects

of the Will.

This requires a strong action Resolute exercise of attention, therefore, must strengthen the Will's power.
its

Regimes
you
i. Sit quietly at ease in a room where be disturbed. By a supreme effort of Will, drive every thought and fancy out of mind. Hold the mind blank as long as possible. How long

Exercise No.
will not

can you sustain
couraged.

this effort successfully?

Be not

dis-

After a genuine attempt, rest a few moments. Then try again. Practise the exercise daily for ten days, with rest of two days, making at least six attempts each day. Keep a
Persistence will win.

record of results, and at the end of the period note improvement. The Will must be taught to be supreme.

Exercise No.

2.

Sit quietly as before.

When

the

mind

a blank, hold it so for a few seconds. Then instantly begin to think of some one thing, and now
is

exclude
rigidly

every

other

thought.

Keep the

attention

upon

this particular subject as long as possible.

mean that you are to follow a upon the subject, but that you are to fasten the mind keenly upon the one thing or idea and retain it in the field of attention, just as you may look at some object, focusing sight and observation there, and there alone. Rest Repeat six times. Make record. Continue every day for ten days, with rest. Then note improvement in power.
The
direction does not
train of ideas

Exercise No.
it

3.

Permit the mind to wander whither

will

one minute.

Now

write out

all

that

you

recall

222

Exercises in Attention

of these wandering thoughts.

Then proceed

to find

and indicate
into
activities

in writing the connections that bind

them

a chain.

You

will

thus discover that mental

may become aimless, but that the mind's roaming is not without explanation. Resolve to keep your thoughts well in hand. Repeat these exercises six times, and continue for ten days, with rest. On the tenth day compare records and note improvement in attention. Try, now, to discover any general laws that have governed the mind's uncontrolled action.
Exercise No.
thinking of the
entertain
sensations.
4.

Sit at ease for

one minute while

mind as engaged in reasoning. Do not fancies. Keep out wandering thoughts and

Do

not reason; think of the reasoning

power of the mind.
results,

Now

deliberately pursue

definite line of reasoning for, say, five minutes.

some Write
times.

from

memory.

Rest.

Repeat

six

Continue for ten days, with rest. On the tenth day compare records and note improvement in concentration.

Repeat these exercises with the imagination, thinking a picture or plot of acting.

Repeat with the power of Will, imagined as to
various acts.

Exercise No.

5.

Summons a

resolute state of mind.

which you believe your might, that this Do not think of means. Fiercely resolve to shall be. overcome all difficulties. Do not dwell upon the enjoyment of success, for that will distract the mind. Attend wholly to the Mood of willing. Repeat six times. Continue at least ten days, with rest.
select

Now

to

some desired goal be possible, and will, with

in life
all

Example: the many colors. differences. It is probably bad. Continue for ten days. Sit at ease a few seconds. what you will do. decide to arrange them some particular way according to a determined order of relations. to walk across the room. Collect a miscellaneous Now. quickly and resolutely. Resist them all a little time. with rest. Do exactly that one thing. other resemblances. 7. Various impulses will arise to do one thing or another. paper-knives. with different actions. Keep to the fore a strong personal Mood. as. Now think of several acts. after looking these articles in over. Repeat six times. Exercise No. books. eral effect. but of feeling as well. Carry it with you into life's activities. and objects are of like. Now decide. act. small objects . or to take a book from a shelf. Force a . Then Rest. lot. Do not act lazily do not decide impulsively. Set apart by themselves several etc.A Focused Soul Fears Nothing 223 Bed the idea of the goal deeply in mind. not only of Will. order the The may be that of similarity. or to sit still. put the Will into every part thereof. Make the resolution a permanent matter. Now note the genWhy is this? How Has color any- can the arrangement be improved? thing to do with the arrangement of the furniture of your room? respect? Can it Try that. Exercise No. Continue about five minutes. arrange in a complementary way. or difference. real decision. note improvement in attention and power of Will. coins. be set into better order in this Repeat with order according to Repeat with order according to . During each act. At the end of the period. 6.

with another suggest? article. Place the articles. At the end of the period. with rest. Select several dissimilar objects. finest effect in the room. having color. 8. Do everything slowly. with rest. Then repeat with different articles six — (suggesting) — Pen — (suggesting) — Mightier — Continue for ten days. in mind. p. What Connect the suggestion with a third article. Arrange with a Exercise No. observe improvement in attention. Now arrange the books according to titles. one after another. with rest. times. ment? Try to improve Arrange the furniture for style. etc. Exercise No. With each set of objects make six different arrangements. Then note improve- ment as before.. say. ercise. that without any inter- mediate idea. Lay them out conveniently before you. (suggesting) PerHere is an example: Book (suggesting) Note Writer (suggesting) son — — — — — — . shape. different order six times in each exContinue for ten days. Repeat with other similar articles. before you. Select several like objects. Rest after the first complete experiment a few seconds. Continue for ten days. books or articles of furniture. and then note improvement in attention and facility of connections made. Continue in this way until all the objects have been connected. Is this the best possible arrangeit.224 Exercises in Attention in the foreground Always keep the Mood of Will during these exercises. Take one of them in hand. according to connecting suggestions. deliberately and with a strong sense of willing. Connect that does this suggestion immediately. together with facility in making the arrangements. What does it suggest? is.

But the man is not a mere machine." IS . seeing bread in a baker's window. a hungry man. And for two reasons that the reader may acquire the habit of carry- ing with him everywhere the Will-pervaded Mood of the strong personality." People often act wrongly or unwisely because they fail here. he will be punished as a thief. (suggesting) The above exercises are somewhat their practice will require patience value of such work will scious effort of the soul. for the longer he delays and deliberates. too. and time. for example. " that the act of voluntary attention involves a conIt is the " conscious eifort that this first. therefore.A (suggesting) Focused Soul Fears Nothing 225 — Sword — (suggesting) — Sharp — — Knife — (suggesting) — Point — (suggesting) — Pin — (suggesting) — Bright — (suggesting) — Gold Watch. that adequate power of attending to motives factor of his life. book seeks to develop. secondly. this is a and that his confix his atten- science will reprove him. He knows. the following with greatest care " Variations in the relative strength of motives mainly arise from the degree of attention that we give to them respectively. The motive here is the prospect of satisfying his hunger. the more numerous will be the restraining motives which arise in his consciousness. may become a permanent Read. " Thus. Now upon one of these restraining motives. He knows that if he is caught." and But the appear when we remember difficult. impelled by a single force. is tempted to break the glass and steal a loaf of bread. The imThe element of time is an important factor. that he can its wrong tion act which he is considering. pulse to break the glass thus loses power.

" is a comprehensive. ferred that tenacious attention factors in a cultivated will. " The only way to cultivate attention is by a continuous effort of will. calm-minded attention. therefore. is the man who is going to succeed. concentrated. natural ability of hardly possible to over estimate the imporman with half the A some geniuses often accomplishes far more. " How to get on in all good ways. and the ruling. The value of attention obtains here in ways people's lives. Some modern psycholowill." an open secret of big. Power of concentrating thought upon motives. is called for every day of our existence. effort to concentrate the mental powers each A is habit of attention will surely grow in this way. muscle-tensed. bring the attention back ninety-nine consecutive times. gists insist that attention is the only power of the " his The man who can hold uninteresting ideas before mind until they gather interest. Make an time. question. It does not require a tight-fisted. Ability to hold the mind cises. shrewd. similar to those above suggested. is Attention! ATTENTION! is it can be inone of the strongest " From what has already been said. because he keeps his attention undivided on one thing until he has mastered it. A strong Will to is one thing is imperative. " It tance of tenacious attention. If the attention wanders from any subject for ninety-nine consecutive times. The great symbol of all our exer- demanded. notable men in the professional and financial marts of to-day close. set condition Here is — . and the best motives.226 Exercises in Attention But avoidance of crime is a very small part of most For the majority.

A Focused Soul Fears Nothing 227 of body but rather a ONE AIM held closely in mind with distracting outside sensations excluded. But the words which we have so often met goal: in the preceding pages indicate the ultimate and priceless "I RESOLVE TO WILL! THE MOOD OF EMPHATIC PERSONALITY IS MINE!'' .

Now if you read As martyrs bleed. Goes soul all in? All.WHO READS? Reads "Witless One"? Behold him run The race of prose or rhyme! Reading's an art Of head and heart Never a thief of — time. Love's "Thought" the pause On trenchant clause. to grow by giving. The first has speed And verbal greed. Goes less? The thing is dark. soul must win. Devouring countless pages. In Browning's book Or Saturn's nook Hides God the Question Mark. 'Tis soul's. You know then — — glorious living. — The Author. . — 'Tis Truth's old fashion To answer passion. 'Tis matter him engages.

" Newell Dwight Hillis. deliberately and persistently lowed. Exhaustive understanding the only true reading. arguments and appeals that he had ever heard or read or written passed before his mind as oratorical weapons. Beecher had a similar experience faculties thorities when he fronted the mob in Liverpool. In that hour of excitement his " A j^ DISTINGUISHED city relates that while became greatly stimulated. and standing there he had but to reach forth his hand and seize the weapons as they went smoking by. He said that all events. discussion the storing methods of fol- These exercises.CHAPTER XIX Attention in Reading lawyer of an Eastern engaged in an argument upon which vast issues depended he suddenly realized that he had forgotten to guard a most important point. Decisions. — Theory of Chapter Concentrated attention the price of understanding. they slowly grew plain. Dimly outlined at first. Mr. Review and memory. auand precedents long since forgotten began to return to his mind. harming the minds of . sure developers of the scholar's Will. until at length he read them with perfect distinctness. Preliminary There is at once too much The great modern dailies are reading and too little.

but to weigh and consider. in its real sense. Attention. read the author's name. In order to acquire these abilities the following directions will serve: Regimes Exercise No. and the infinite flood of matter. place in letters. Before proceeding Ascertain his memorize an outline of his life. "To weigh and consider" that is the open sesame — of right reading. State in your own language exactly what you suppose the title to mean. art." tory? What What is is history? What is a writ." These influences. Read the title with great care. i. For reading. But power of Will is a rare possession in these days of multitudinous is distractions. Hence it is that true reading almost a lost How shall this lost art be regained? By development of that reason-forged but magic gift." said the wise and " woodeny " Bacon. mental laziness. Procure any well-written book on any subject worth knowing. What value are you to put upon his work? . Even magazine literature scours worlds for fresh chaff illustrated by " lightning artists. and there stored and assimilated. make genuine reading among many impossible. Multitudes read from sheer Journalism must therefore be sensational in an evil manner. is a deliberate process by which written thought is transferred to the mind.230 Attention in Reading metropolitan peoples.en hisin the difference between the of "history"? States " ? What is the main idea originate ? two kinds "United How did this name Now further. Exiunples: "History of the United all States. " Read not to contradict nor to believe. All this involves power of Will. Look up the definitions of words.

read the preface very carefully. these pages do esting. read at- tentively the first twenty-five pages of the book. ask. Presuming that. Having finished it. at this time as later. take another book and repeat the above exercises. read that with the greatest attention. Make sure that you know. with such examyou wish to go on. it has brought be- fore you. In you see an)rthing new. 3. you are probably ready to sell that book at a large discount. If the book has an introduction. Then ination. so far as you can now judge? Make this a permanent regime in reading. ought now to have the general drift of the book. read with some care the table of contents. Exercise No. Continue this exercise during life. Why has he said this in the preface? Did he need a preface ? Does this preface really pre-f ace. outline from memory what ask. in- anything of value to you? teresting or valuable gets to the fore in twenty-live pages. 2. . At the end of its reading. is not infallible. Now Why should you are he have writ- ten that introduction.The Will and the Eye Illuming 231 This done. ask yourself what the author has here said. An author is sometimes misunderstood in many pages because his introduction has not been read. again. You Exercise No. however. together with its purpose. 4. or what he has written here as an introduction? Very likely. ready to lay the book aside as you may become Make ing. this exercise a permanent part of serious read- Exercise No. The rule. anything interIf nothing new. If these do not appear. To make sure about this.

Supposing. that you resolve it will be necessary. put Think it. Make this exercise per- manent. if possible. nially these tests. Many books which are peren. resothis thought into your own language. If the mind "adores" "awfully sweet" dresses and " perfectly elegant " parties. subject? — its predicate? — :its object? What is its What is the meaning of each word? If an abstract-thought. to drag the mind into them but once in. thought." or " condition. and. too. now. If the sen- tence is involved. for our present purpose. They have in view the ordinary run of minds and the above-average grade of books. to go on with the volume in hand. take as much of it as expresses a complete thought exhausted by ideas of "being.232 Reading George is Attention in Reading frequently like gold-mining: the richest veins are not always readily discovered. to return to the sentence. If twenty-five pages of a book do not get hold of a good mind. its judgments be taken with a " lot " may of " just the tiniest " al- lowance. Eliot's virorks require Some of a yoke of oxen." or " action. Read that sentence with exceeding care. nor the " green corn " era of criticism. it cannot escape her spell. If the word expresses Think the act so as action. Exercise No." Treat this as your first sen- . to get a mental picture of it. the author has done phenomenally fine work. These directions are not dealing with the " punk " order of intellect. first 5. or else he isn't worth reading. call up a mental picture of the object. acknowledged cannot be rigidly subjected to Something. If it is an objectlutely and carefully and clearly. so to speak. ask what kind of action. depends upon the reader's mind. closing the eyes. stop now.

without reading again. Continue such attentive and analytic reading until you have mastered the first chapter. And one good book well read is better than a dozen read as books ordinarily are read. The eye acquires great facility in reading. This requires attention to de- which in turn demands a distinct understanding of the meaning of words. but think. write. The next day. Now put aside all writings hitherto made. because they are based on certain laws of mind. and so on until you have in this manner read the sentence as a whole. Then state in your own manner the connected chain of thought thus far presented. In order that the thought contained in the printed page is may be really obtained. put the thoughts together. the sub- first paragraph. it necessary to break up these wholes and to put their parts into clear light. few books will require a second reading. paragraphs and chapters. tails. Then read the sentence again. Do not memorize. and the reader is apt to content himself with whole but vague pictures of groups of ideas presented. Proceed in this way through the first paragraph. We may catch the general thought of a sentence without knowing clearly what . Resolve permanently upon this kind of reading. If these directions are pursued.The Will and the Eye Illumine 233 tence according to the above directions. Proceed with the succeeding sentences. and from memory write a stance of this connected statement of the substance of that chapter. Then proceed with the next complete thought of the sentence. Such exercises will prove of immense value. Always translate the author's thoughts into your own language. and get into the mind a complete view of the entire statement.

The moment I attempt to do so. I must • indicate whether it is definite black horse that runs. about as you go letter the points made. The whole picture. perhaps. as is the above writer indicates. or mental conceptions clear-cut and pronounced.' a sentence in which my one visual image ' is broken up by five distinctions. on. and thus really miss. the best part of our reading. and.' his scribe color 'black. as presented by It the sense of vision. of "being.234 some of its Attention in Reading words mean. remains one and single until I have occasion to deit in words. always necessary to secure mental images. make an index on the rear fly leaf. I say ' a ' or ' the. Exercise No. each expressed in a separate word." "condition" or "action" inis volved in each statement read. . I must name the animal 'horse." says Hill in " Elements of Psychology. the proverb. it.' and ticle." " and see a black horse running swiftly. No matbook has a printed index.' his act 'running. real reading it of little value. as you proceed. 6. an analytic process or process of resolution into parts is necessary.' his speed 'swiftly. While reading any book worth the mark striking or useful passages. ter if the own will Exercise No. and mark and number or Analyze chapters. 7. constitutes one single image. " Suppose I look out of my window.'" There is truth in tell No one knows a thing until he can The is also object of putting thought into one's own words Hence in seen in the fact that the mere study of words. your prove better for your purpose. a definite or an inand so must use an artogether.' Putting all A black horse is running swiftly. while.

nitely. To-morrow what you deny may be truth. Repeat the above exercise with conversations with the reader. Then continue as definitely. Read resolutely to gather what he can contribute to your nor to surrender. 5. of sound reasoning. Be not hasty to contradict. Do not rightly interpreted. review this work together from memory. Nevertheless. 8. review these points fix in and memory. of sentiment. of realities. and he is clearly bent on " making his case. making sure that both thoroughly understand the matter in hand. practise mental noting of the points While some friend reads aloud. Compel him to "make his case" fairly. Then state them consecutively while the reader reviews to correct your errors. Practise these exercises in- ficient Exercise No. retaining them for a given number of pages. This will facilitate Exercise No.The Will and At the Eye Illumine 235 the close of reading the chapter. If an author's name is not a sufguaranty for his statements. stock of facts. be open to his convictions. of mind. Exercise No. or if his book is written from an evident point of view or with a possible bias. antagonize him in a fair field. of life. On the following day. . view as modified by your sure that your point of view is good. p." bring to the reading of his attitude work accept the interrogative him carelessly. made by the author. Continue this exercise indefiExercise No. what you accept may be false. of power. 10. before. Make Detect flaws in his arguments. Read him from own. Verify his See that his references are correct and alleged facts. his point of Therefore.

" A Humour By It is the bias of the mind. "Studies serve for delight. he had need have a present wit. Its justification is the double purpose in hand in all The work here . . the mathematics subtile. suggested will be tedious at first. and demands time and patience. Histories particulars. Read not to contradict and confuse. man And therefore. and isnse men use them. and writing an exact man. For expert men can execute. . certain parts of Bacon's essay " Studies " will be of interest On ability. is in discourse. if a he had need have a great memory if he confer little. and and for ability. ." Beware what Ben Jonson called a " humor " write little . he had need have much cunning. it will become more and more easy and delightful. is in the judgment and disposition of business. for ornament. for ornament. with violence. that way bends the Will. men con. and the plots and the marshalling of affairs. but to weigh and consider. conference a ready man. . come best from those who are learned." which. and for Their chief use for delight is in privateness retiring. in all changes. howit ever. moral grave . and if he read little. . And. makes our action lean on one side still. make men wise. . 'tis one way inclined. and perhaps judge of one by one . poets witty. simple men admire them . logic and rhet- " Reading maketh a full man . natural philosophy deep oric able to contend.: : 236 Attention in Reading In connection with the foregoing instructions on attention in reading. As it proceeds. nor to believe and take for granted. nor to find talk and discourse. Crafty demn studies . but the general counsels. to seem to know that he doth not.

The Will and the Eye Illumine 237 these pages: right reading and power of persistent resolute sense of mlling must therefore be Will. Learn to read in the Mood of the emphatic personality. . and mastered books shall culture the finest Will. Your Will shall A then dissolve books. preserved from first to last.

Like the gift to the Widow of Nain. In the laboratory of brain. thought. this thing That upsprings like a ghost of the nights That evolves like a Saturnine Ring This mysterious symbol of might. the thought is his unrevealed face. Of the power of thought and its fate. Tell me. Gone For the fancy! The power abides. And Can a man outrun self in the race? Can the sea compass more than its tides? — The Aothok. . Or the war-cry of Marathon's Plain. who has the miracle wrought? And of what is it fashioned. Born as well to a god or a wight. In the faith-haunted seasons of When the soul was diffusively great. exuberant.THOUGHT When the self works the miracle. And the matter with meaning is fraught. And I dreamed in the folly. — Tell me. Yet the mystery grows on apace: the thinker's the spirit that hides. what is that sign of a king? old. bold. elate. I was claimant. That myself was its essence unrolled.

CHAPTER XX Attention in Thinking than a mere im"^^ OMETHING more ^^ pulse needed to make a strong mind. 'The great secret of education lies in exciting and of all V^J and disposition to use directing the Will. in noblest sense. To recite. This action unfolds the Will. is a deliberative act of mind held fast Such impelled action discovers the best use of mind.' recognize the omnipotence of Will. and until. Theory of Chapter True thinking to its task. is largely a lost art in among the people. with the M. Back reliable is ability must stand a strong Will. by perseverance. This is is true even of " reciters." so far as their work concerned. one must interpret. The best thinker is the best reader. The mind thus improved throws itself into its operations with greater wisdom and increased energy. to interpret one must its think. and develops and stores the whole man. its place until we In later mental acquirements we Nothing takes discover that attention is under the control of the Will. Marcel well says. we acquire the power of thus controlling it. it. Thinking." Popular Science Monthly. They indulge a vast deal of .

altogether. haphazard. but genuine thought seems a scarce article. forced. The world is flooded with " literature " every day. outside these limits. . "real and wearisome". a result of which is bank of deposit paying compound interest. social and state afifairs. even sunlight is opaque. single " straw " is the fact that new matter presented in the simplest language is often declared to be " too deep for us. It is a case of mental laziness. it must be said. House-keepers and shoptenders aver a great amount of thinking. Few seem to think out a great reality. disjointed. but one need not labor with the mind for assimilation of food and development of brawn. : — tion of the human soul. the pressure of dirt and moil. One must work with muscles in order to exist. business. Here is a process that is keenest tonic. to be sure. together with a smattering of religion but in an elevated way. People " think. Evidence few " get on. vague. but unf amiliarity ." few discover themselves and the universe about them infinite globe of dynamic influences for the eleva. build up a consistent theory. unconscious as thought." as they say. the limits of popular thinking are A narrow. this " thinking " is a good deal like the " thinking" of animals.240 Attention in Thinking mental jargon. but we have here very largely the mechanics of mental routine. or elaborate a reasonable system. and diamonds are mere quartz pebbles. We have not here. concerning homes. and the most of its readers relax in its enervating tide. spasmodic. politics. Preliminary into a fact or truth Nothing affords greater satisfaction than to mine and ramify its various connections." The difficulty is not depth.

The . of reasoning. it is is vastly helpful. In is Will shouting. new element. one of its hugest products a giant Will. the farmer. governs the physician. " I will not let thee go It is a mistake to suppose that one must be versed in all the rules of logic in order to become a good thinker. but the lessons of experience seldom repeat themselves — the has always some sense is. resolutely is and persistently." last only teacher experience. But remember. so be it unto you. greatest The best thinker ought to possess the common sense. the gineer. a matter of inference. true thinking depends upon. possessor may not be aware of Be may sense it remembered that good thinking may. the business sailor. This power may be developed. and coincide with it not. The application of common therefore. the last analysis. " Common the exercise of the judgment unaided by art Its or system. faith ! According to your Will. (l) Memory. (3) Perception of Relations. the statesman — though these must bring iS common sense to bear in . Practiced thinking rather than common sense. (2) Knowledge. Attention. the lawyer. (4) Correct The swiftness and value of the process will depend upon the determined attitude brought into it by the soul. Whenever it is taken in hand. man apart as one of the victors of life. to be sure but after thinking that has produced logic. rather than logic thinking. njastery of logic all. is common is sense. though the fact. its A persistent effort to think correctly will in time develop a fair logical system.All Values Yield to Concentration 2411 The ability to think clean through a subject puts S. the en- man.

why? And in what sense? Man has mind. Take now.242 thinking. crankiness. in either case. for what purpose? Man. cannot think cannot will. tional beliefs. unsettles politics and government. in the highest He who deeply. Attention in Thinking When so done it is distinctly thinking. makes the rich intolerant and unwise. is and deeply and an avowed and deadly enemy to mistakes to think. consecutively superstitions. Example: Think of man as immortal only. He who sense." other thought. again. fanat- The lack of thought-power creates financial panics and ruins business. Regimes Exercise No. What In what sense? What in Is this immortal? is this? moral consciousness is immortal? Why do you so Man . and renders religion non-progressive. what in mind is immortal? Why do you believe as you do ? If mind is immortal. unscientific theories. truth. abso- excluding is every " Man immortal. any simple and great Concentrate attention upon this truth. irra- and blunders. what is body? Is body immortal ? Is the body immortal ? If not. All willed thinking develops Will. in either case. keeps the masses down. what is mind? Is it immortal? If so. lutely i. Think of man mortal. icism. in every conceivable is way as being im- body. why not? If so. The power clearly. cannot will strongly. has moral consciousness. unbridled enthusiasm. cannot think long or All labor in thought involves a measuring capacity for willing.

attention and power of persistent thought upon a single subject. 2. These exercises should be repeated every day." The above is merely an example. as you suppose. How does it concern him ? Has it various supposable or believable states in relation to him ? Where is he. It will be well also to preserve dated records. with a different sentence or thought. always keep in mind the idea " man. to become in immortality? What is he to take with him at death? With whom is he to exist hereafter? What is relation have his present states to he to do? any believable What states of his future life? mortality? life? What does he get his idea of impurpose does the idea serve in his How In your life? Why When thinking of man. indefinitely. profit and pleasure will be apparent. Take any simple matter of obser- vation or experience. a tremendous power of straightforward Will-action. . and to make frequent comparisons in order to discover improvement in analysis."All Values Yield to Concentration is 243 believe? For what purpose man. You it are riding. as moral con- sciousness. What is it? Think of immortality in every conceivable way as connected with man. You will surely find. in immortality? What is he." and when thinking of immortality. There can be no failure with resolute practice. immortal? Now think of immortality. as the main result of a faithful compliance with all suggestions. scape. In six months. along a country road. let us suppose. according to your idea. Exercise No. should man be immortal? always keep in mind the idea " immortal. Now You pronounce look well at the landBut what is the beautiful.

as opportunity may present. Proceeding. them beautiful? Are you familiar with this country? Was it ever more beautiful . ask. Now bury your mind in deepest thought concerning the landscape before you. contrasts yourself? Do you that the liberate and controlled train of thought. you have had experience in perfect concentration. This exercise should be varied at every attempt.' The landscape "what is a landscape ? " Think that subject out carefully and dis- — tinctly. What is there about the larger details which makes Observe the minor details. Have If a care that your horse doesn't go over the ditch. What is their beauty ? How do they contribute to the beauty of the whole ? How might this landscape be improved in beauty? How would this or that change add to the effect of the beautiful? Have you discovered all elements before you of a beautiful nature? When you next ride over the road. remember that question. proportions. why not. thoughts. Concentration is the secret of great thinking. . moods and desires are awakened in their minds by this landscape as in your own? By such a process you may become absorbed in a decolors.than it is to-day? Do other people declare it to be beautiful? If not. with different subjects. outlines. " What is this landscape ? " Observe the general outlines and salient features. in opinion? Ah I But are you certain that your your ideas of the beautiful are correct? Do you think that the elements of this landscape appeal in the same way to others who pronounce it beautiful as they appeal to you ? Do you suppose that they observe just the same believe and blendings as same feelings.244 beautiful? Attention in Thinking Think that question to an answer. you have followed these directions.

That is not success which has no nobility or persistence.AH It Values Yield to Concentration 245 tised in must be continued six months at least. " Success in life depends upon nobility of purpose and persistence of Now ask the first part of this sentence closing with " purpose. The sentence will Now — strip the statement to — — : read: " Life nobility persistence. Thus. say. upon nobility of purpose and Write the sentence out in full. Exercise No." " whose. almost." a series of questions in which the words " how. " Suca mere skeleton cess depends purpose effort. and yet give you the same idea " The value of life consists in its noin essentials. 3. the lower skeleton may be filled out to read: "The quality of success depends upon the quality and abiding nature of its purpose and its effort." Take any simple sentence. 4." This sentence suggests the meaning of true success." " where." — — — — — You have now two skeletons which may be filled out at your liking. Exercise No. " Success in life depends persistence of effort. Then imagine the modifying words placed just above these. and its persistence. " How does success depend . as an example." Think clearly the meaning of each word." " when. Write the sentence used in the preceding exercise." effort." Continue this exercise with different sentences for six months." " which. the " value of life consists in its nobility of purpose and its persistence of effort. and pracsome suggested way every day." Low purpose and effort." " Success depends purpose effort." are employed." " why. So. low bility grade of success.

that what you supposed you knew has been apprehended in the vaguest manner. the exercise. Writing is one of the best of aids to thinking. you discover. Write each answer in question containing the all Then ask the entire sentence a word " whose. truth.246 Attention in Thinking upon nobility of purpose?" "Why does success in depend upon nobility of purpose?" " What success depends upon nobility of purpose?" "Where does success depend upon nobility of purpose? " And so on until all the words are used. This alone is worth all labor expended upon is This Continue six months. any object. Write each answer life in full. In time. and one. too. note that you have written upon the statement. the latter case in carefully full. You will find this to be an excellent way in which to bore into any least." Finally. very likely. it is subject. Every one who thinks can write. at merely an example. centration Exercise No. and proceed to write a simple essay with the material thus gathered. the mind will have acquired great facility and power in such analysis. When you attempt to write. The results of attention and conwill very nearly approach composition. 5. osition. therefore. Then substitute "persistence of effort" for "nobility of purpose." and bombard the statement again with the same questions. so that whatever of value is read will come to offer its secrets to you almost as a free gift. |Now ask as many questions as possible concerning this . at least after a fashion. law or propExample: the law or force of gravitation. arrange in logical form. fact. Take. not a very full Every word and proposition of a sentence or subject thus may be compelled to give up its contents.

and you will discover new thought springing up." "how. Declare war upon superlaIn all tives. cases use the fewest words consistent with clean statements and full expression. Exercise No." "how long.All Values Yield to Concentration 247 fact. Continue this exercise fre- quently for six months. Bombard it with "what. Turn from every side. taking several days if necessary." "with what conditions. Then proceed to arrange all answers in groups after some logical order. Tear it into pieces. Thus: what is it? whose is it? where is it? when is it? how is it? etc. Now think this out. its bearing upon other natural forces. into Review your work occasionally. both in composition and plicity ability to get a subject. and reduce your adjectives two-thirds. Meanwhile." "why. its operation. When you . but never clearly. as written. Keep the ideal of straightforward simalways in mind. and note improvement. answers in full. until the entire subject lies in your mind ready to be spoken or written in full. Look at it under all conditions. Write all it about. you must think in words. the words.. which will necessitate a rearrangement. Write this in full." "whose." "when. Then fill out your synopsis in the best manner possible. fully and Memorize the thoughts. until you have exhausted your power of thought upon it. 6." and the like." "where. Now read the material thus arranged. section by section. Proceed as in former exercise to completion of synopsis. its purpose. Examine it Find its nature. study the cleanest and clearest writers for details of expression and correctness of statement and form. its source. In doing this. Ravel it out. Let the purpose in mind be to speak the thoughts as if to an audience.

it will be well to avoid general topics and to select those of a narrower range. Study unceasingly to detect errors correct ? own thinking. speak Over the law of gravity? under the heavens! Certainly. gestures. etc. They are swearing by a host of things which are not necessarily so. of work. Follow the above suggestions as to the thinking of other people. Make Never mind mistakes. Almost any real subject will answer for a topic. and none other 8. are master of the subject. 248 Attention in Thinking all your thoughts in order to an imaginary gathering of people. Have the audience before you. This exercise should be continued for many months. Business. in your 7. Exercise hlo. You believe certain things in connection with the law deliver your soul people who on that matter as if to an audience of never have heard of it or do not think as you do. The Liquefaction of Air. A as. Be in earnest. Exercise No. Get excited. The Tides. Are your main propositions Do you employ right words in stating them ? Are the conclusions sitions? Why really deducible from your propodo you believe certain things? Are they based on actual facts ? Are the facts sufificiently numerous to form a basis for belief ? Are you biased in examination of facts? Do you think as you do be- cause of desire. The Party. Do not . Magazines. or ignorance. few moments devoted to it each day will prove of incalculable value. After some experience. or prejudice? sure of your facts! Make Make sure that the facts prove one thing. Farming. Be keenly alive to this piece Forget every other reality in the world. Over anything Fear nothing. The Raising of Celery.! . Politics.

I take all sorts of remedies. "Any the vast forest of experience. But is there are millions of cures. various The factlights and shadows moving upon them. be more or because the process unfolded uncovers so much of life. But make sure that arguments actually prove matters as asserted. nor a judge. It is an appearthing has now become a iact-group. " When the mental attitude concerns truth. will exhibit reasonableness. or prayer? All the . be remembered that the following are merely specimen leaves from illustration of. Science. blessed be Nature given case precisely what it the agency of cure in any Is this the ghost fact of Christian is said to be? ! We of disease attributed to need not deny the cures. what is that fact? stump with two or three naked branches. and. "Ten thousand one only — cures of applications all sorts are possible. taken from the author's published work. A man sees a ghost in the highway. "Illustration No. I. " The Culture of Courage" concerning mental health. conditions. the movements were due to The flickering shadows and varying degrees of light. in the long run. The real truth was a mental deception back of that a stump under certain tall — . What was the real truth? The ghostly body was a stump. therefore. supposed truth was a ghost. Mental Healing. the mind is sanely intelligent. the attitude will less incomplete.All Values Yield to Concentration 249 become a bore. drugs. the arms were branches. ance a fact suggesting a supposed truth. Our invitation requires that he see the fact It is a It is some fact. It should. This chapter may well close with a quotation. as it is.

That the one sane test of the question whether a thing fact. instead of the old shout. clairvoyance. is this : Make sure of the facts .. I simply suggest when you attribute your cure to one agency or another. came slowly into light. clairaudience. the ferreting out and discovering all posof any matter before you is but one part . its When men of the in- on seeing the real facts. religion. but accept nothing not clearly claiming to be demonstrated to sane but inspired reason. and undesirable to live with. imagination. to observe possibilities and consequences attendant upon your is to train decision to "do this" or "do that. supposed truth.. all bosh to mesmerism.' ' occultism.250 things that Attention in Thinking named contain values for us. is is a ghost or a "Illustration No." The conclusion . hypnotism. — contentment which has hurt science more than has hurt any other department of our — the backlying began to emerge. the supposed truth vanished. many fictitious — awaited discovery. After science had adopted the above methods. The purpose of these studies on attention in thinkat the real truth ing sides of all you to establish the habit of knowing all any question that confronts you. and the truth ' superstition it ' in life facts truths. etc." sible phases However. keep open house to every proposition real. etc. you strip all claims down to naked fact. Witchcraft had its real truth. its facts. We ' are now ' trying to find out ' why science should say. or any get other thing under the heavens." "Those who have not early been trained to see all sides of a question are apt to be extremely narrow. and the real. facts disappeared. fear.' spiritualism. and sisted — 2.

." Become accustomed to deep. but quickness of thought." Try and do the required thinking before you go " into the game. attentive thinking. but rather helped by that recollection. In every part of the work of keep in mind the sentence Will." : " I am conscious of the sense of You will not be distracted. swiftly carry this chapter. Always try to " think all around a subject. it into ACTION. Having "attended in thinkand seeing the proper course to pursue then must be brought forward the great jewel of ACTION " The world demands for in the line of best interest." Once clear thinking is done. More than half the world thinks after it is too late.All Valiies Yield to Concentration of the complete ing. — success not only plenty of thought. ! ONLY WILL ALL THINGS ARE POSSIBLE TO HIM THAT WILLS." 251 circle.

then. life sublime. By love and home and Book.REMEMBERED In ancient days. The wandering bard his story told To eager listeners. wonder not the leaping words The syllables that lilted sweet Or the fierce breath that red blood curds Or the one Name dark awe engirds. Or answered from the wolfs retreat: — The singer lost in passion's skill. when hearts were bold. His heart is the Tde of Memory. young and old. We learn high valor's clarion — The Author. We — — — Should bind men to the singer's will. scar and welt For love and altar. Sung to the air. All hail his thrall! For in his passion's voice and look call. our Bard. long the singer's woven thrall! And And This high the story's growing mightl in Iliad or in Zend. And courage burned to meet the foe. Of deeds heroic. — Responsive ever to the worth Of Life. And souls were wax: the story. gods and humans mighty all. swept by passion's fiery How lost to space His soul was or time And theirs in valor's clarion call. . felt. writ facilely In spirits eager thrilled to be battle. The song was like to gold a-melt. and left. The living scroll of timeless earth. And Till. The voice a diamond pen to write. Resounding through the windy hall. theirs alost in valor's call. It burned. home and friend. The listeners swept by valor's call. Oh.

By its aid I can live again at will in the midst of any scene or circumstance by which I have been surrounded.CHAPTER XXI Exercises in Memory a clear impression or image of everything at which I have looked. I can in a By a moment conjure up any time been voluntary act of mind the whole of any one out of the innumerable scenes in which the slightest interest has at felt by me. and gives it immense momentum. The effort to secure mental force multiplies Willenergy. " There are but two strong conquerors of the forgetfulness of men. although the coloring of that impression is necessarily vivid in proportion to the degree of interest with which RETAIN I the object was regarded. The poem and the cathedral preserve their age in the world's memory . Poetry It was John Ruskin who said. John Kitto. and Architecture." Dr. Theory of Chapter Review deepens mental impressions Storing of mind enlarges it. personal forgetfulness. the resolute Will preserves the . I find this faculty of much use and solace to me." But Ruskin had the far outlook There is but one strong conqueror of the in mind. and that is the determined Will.

Professor formulated the law: James has " Whether or no there he anything else in the mind at the moment when we consciously will a certain act. secret of the Will is anticipation based Not to refine unduly. to attend to will. similarity and contrast. these sensations. a mental conception there. speak- ing broadly. to secure an equally ade- quate degree of attention in regard to other matters demands that the soul set itself about the task of deepening its own impressions. This was an old pleasantry." made up of memory-images of special act it is. mind necessary of forgetting to the lies in But the real secret a vaporous condition of Will. second is All elements of success here call primarily upon the latter. The " golden rule " is the iron rule of persistent and intelligent exercise. the found in the laws of memory. . The first requisite of memory-cultivation is attention. it may be said that the power remember is measured by the ability to attend. Preliminary There is therefore but one "golden rule" for im>provement of the memory. Hillis Dwight Men forget at times because of the rush of thought forbidding the quick grasp of thing desired. to will to attend. defining which must be on mem- The ory. Joy. understanding. once remarked in a lecture. and the like are easily recalled because they to greatly impress the mind.254 individual's Exercises in Memory sieve. and Will. that he forgot with his memory. Memory depends upon mental impressions. and these upon attention. is Hence we may is say. mind from becoming a The Rev. pain.

As words often represent different shades of meaning." as remarked by Dr. never for a moment forget to keep in mind the ideas presented by the language. In this method. If you are in the slightest doubt. always thought- . Then. Now proceed. Do not repeat like a parrot. i. Let the work be done with the utmost concentrated energy." Regimes Exercise No. make sure that you understand the sentence as a whole. to repeat the first few words. Proceed in this way until the entire sentence is mastered. consult a dictionary. Fix these firmly in mind. thinking the thought as you do so with the utmost attention and energy. If you will repeat that sentence frequently during the day. Now recall all words and thought thus far committed. " involves the exercise of volitional control over the direction of the thoughts. and repeat. defining to yourself every word. Read a paragraph carefully. Go hungry a first-class dictionary. wherever you chance to be. a month to possess After satisfying yourself that you understand every word in the first sentence. keeping words and thought in mind. — Continue until you have memorized this part of the sentence. resolving to remember the words and what they say. will attention to the shade here used. It will be better not to try too many words at a time.Beaten Tracks Become Highways 255 " All determinate recollection. you will easily ascertain the number most convenient to your mind. go on in the same manner with the next few words. Carpenter. attentively and with strong Will. Begin to read again. Select the best specimen of condensed and simple English that you can find. again and again. but think.

Read If originals now and then for correction of uncon- scious errors. once in several days. therefore. done. three times a year thereafter recall which will pre- from " drifting out " again. Here in- plagiarism defensible before the gods. deed. But there are few books that should be verbally . say. words and source are of is little importance. it They. and the second will be acquired as fully as was the first. and later. If you thoroughly master one small book during a year. you fasten it firmly in mind. When it has been ac- quired. it is the thought that you are mainly concerned it about. study and master the ideas which they present. It may be supposed that you are memorizing some brief poem or bit of prose. and frequently repeat both sentences. The value of repetition is not new. Two or it. you should frequently repeat it as a whole. once during sevindelibly eral weeks.2s6 fully Exercises in Memory will and determinedly. the first will become more deeply impressed upon memory. Some books are not worth much labor. work it over in your own material you will thus work it thoroughly into your own mind. use as often as possible in conversation or . If you will repeat the same exercise with another sentence the following day. you will do well. This writing . practise more than their worshipers. But the point of this exercise lies not so much in repetition of words as in concentrated and continuous gripping of their thought In all repetition. There are others which will amply repay a resolve to master them. become serve it In a comparatively short time it will have stamped upon the mind. as life and reading go.

On the following day. At the close of the day. and to a degree. But remember. 2. repeat all that you have thus far mastered. whether involving one sentence or many. and words. These may be acquired in the following manner. ostentation. Do this as often as this effort of it may be convenient. to ways the contents of that book which you are trying make your own property. without Don't be a bore. it is al- Seek opportunity Become. 17 . compel him to listen. think backward and forward in the book from that point. Exercise No. When you make memory. out aloud and in your own to do the same with real people.Beaten Tracks Become Highways 257 memorized. Imagine that you are speaking to some person. at such and such a " stating where and what the matter place. In addition to the above. act as though trying to teach him. supposing the book is not largely technical. making sure that you understand every word and Then take think it the first its thought as a whole. and restate the thought in different language from that employed by the author or by yourself in the effort just indicated. Then read the book for correction of errors. repeat the same process with Continue as above until you have passed through an the next complete statement. complete statement of fact or theory. You wish the contents rather than the words. Now read a paragraph very carefully. recite to him. if it is so: First. say to yourself frequently during the day : " This book affirms. perhaps. a walking instructor. entire chapter. Read again. know what the book treats. so and so — is. but resolve to become the most interesting converser among your acquaintances.

and of which the skeleton This will preserve the filling'-in of the is a reduction. or to any statement-paragraph. proceed in a like manner. and memorize as an everlasting possession. think out occasionally a consecutive statement of the contents of both chapters. When the second chapter has been ac- quired. think out from skeleton of its contents. ignore whatever is not strictly essential to any sentence-thought. now to recall the detailed propositions.258 Exercises in Memory make in Now. Such labor will tax your patience. try to your mind alone a mere skeleton of the main thoughts of the may Then memorize the skeleton. synopsis. of the first chapter. Continue until you have mastered the book. at convenient intervals. reading. in out- line and in detail. but it will surely make you master of your book. occasionally recall memory a the thought-statements. Meanwhile. or it may number of general together with subordinate involve a propositions. In all this work. Always think the written thoughts in your own words. now to review the outline. looking well after their order. as well as the one of that day. The chapter reduce to one or two general statements. When the skeleton has been firmly fixed in mind. Ultimately the . Make these in their order your own. without chapter. Thereafter. review from memory the series of statements already thought out and memorized. during the exercises with the present chapter. Then construct a new skeleton of all thoughts thus far presented. When the second chapter has been finished. and will in time give you the greatest facility in reading. Now proceed in the same way to the next chapter. Repeat during each day all preceding thought-statements of the chapter in hand.

have acquired the ability to awaken at any desired retire. block. certain thought . You will have acquired if your author is worth reading. days. or the like. compare records and note improvement. Exercise No. making a record of results. and inwhen you If you fail for a time. or your self will discover that you do you profess to will. In the morning resolve to You must think at an exact hour. Then. 5. many languidly. with rest of two days. recall as Do nothing possible. to . and on the tenth day. and thoroughly memorized. technical or 3. when you his general propositions. unless the matter historical. not really time. On the tenth day. glance swiftly While passing slowly through a and attentively around. stantly to couraged persevere and your mind will surely rememBut you must instantly arise at the appointed ber. to think the details withis know out further reading. if to supply all necessary the skeletons have been well understood the ability. Resolve with great Will-power. 6. with rest. recall as many quently every day. note improvement. recall a Exercise No. as objects around you. Exercise No. you Having passed a objects as possible. all 4. awaken at a certain hour. may be your entire Repeat every day for ten objects noted as Put Exercise No. be not disarise. energy into this exercise. Repeat freRepeat during ten days.Beaten Tracks Become Highways 259 mind may be depended upon filling-in. in another room. note. When on the street. pass along. Continue until you mean what hour. room.

At the end of each. Exercise No. Put your whole mind into this determination. When you start for your school or place of business. Having decided upon such plan for the day. You will probbut perseverance will make you master of appointments of this kind. 8. mand your mind to attend to the plan without forcing . Then dismiss it from immediate thought and attend to other duties as usual. and return home^ in as many different and previously planned ways as possible. Continue at least Exercise No. Never deviate from the plan. possible to carry it if out. and in this event." Do not try to keep it in mind. arrange another for going and coming. Walk or drive to your school or place of business. but do not burden the mind with them Comin a way to interfere with details that spring up. unless the nature of your doings requires it. Never by action contradict any of these resolutions. p. The reflex influence in In time you will obey your first. intensely resolve to return by a cer- from that followed in going. ably fail at other matters will appear in due time. to have an order for action. vary its execution. Continue at least six months. At the beginning of each day make a plan for your general conduct until evening. tain different route Exercise No. own order. never. 7. six months. and adhere to it as a matter of the utmost importance. leave par- ticulars for each morning. Make your plans with care and strong Will. Learn Be master of yourself. Do not plan for more than one day at a time.26o Exercises in Memory mightily on this resolution and fix it firmly in mind. least six Continue at months. In time you will not fail to remember.

etc. If they appear to be unnecessary and tedious. and resolve to perform them in due order as circumstances occur. What have been your most valuable ideas ? What your most emphatic sensations? tions? What your most important acIf not. succession of actions making up the business. of the day. as hinted above. leaving minute details to be decided according to demands of the moment. It is always better to arrange for results. Continue six months. and incorporate this resolution into definitely. Make it a rule of life to learn some new and useful thing every day. its why not ? How might your thoughts. that may be an evidence of the indeterminate and weak Will. Continue this exercise in- The preceding are suggestions only. as remarked by Dr. And the subordination of action to ruling ends implies. They are based upon a law of the mind. Especially go . so far as our daily actions become ordered according to a plan. a habitual state of resolution.Beaten Tracks Become Highways 261 you to unnecessary strain of conscious thought. At the close of each day carefully review your thoughts and doings since morning. Thus." Exercise No. 10. 11. that is preparedness to act in certain ways in certain circumstances.. It is a law. they all have a stage of resolution as We habitually look forward to the their antecedent. plan. Exercise No. James Sully. " that increase in the power of foreseeing action tends to widen the area of resolution. Have you carried out your plans? feelings and doings have been improved? What have been your motives? Have they been wise and worthy? Resolve upon betterment the next day.

262 Exercises in Memory This outside of your business for such information. Exercise No. Commit. Exercise No. No. Make the following a perpetual partial acquaintance Never be content with any with things. memory. with skeletons of information concerning them. 6. Keep Remember. Frequently review. Employ 4. lists Monarchs. in 5. propositions. Make groupings of historic dates and commit to memory.. Exercise No. Stand squarely and conscientiously on the side of truth. 15. Determine thoroughly to study some subject which lies outside your business. 13. will test the Will and store the memory. Cultivate attentive observation wherever you are placed. Link each group as a group with other groups from time to time. regime: 1. growth of mind and Will! at it. all aids suggested by any particular study. Learn to refer items of knowledge to general principals. Commit and frequently review of names. . terest in Make lists of objects of public in- your community. as United States Presidents. and frequently review. Follow some natural or logical order in fixing facts. etc. Exercise No. 14. 16. Frequently commit to memory and review often enough to hold in memory. 2. 3. 12. United States Navy Vessels. 'Exercise lists of dates. English etc.

" Mind and memory especially given to emotions of pleasures and pains. " the mental characteristics in the matter of memory may be indicated bythe following analysis: especially occupied with objec- " Mind and memory tively induced sensations. all minds and memories of average intelligence possess all the characteristics thus indicated in some degree. Mind and memory especially elaborative of laws. but none of us possesses them in any allround equal degree. " Mind and memory especially given to consti-uction of wholes.Beaten Tracks Become Highways 263 Memory Characteristics " In a very general way. "Now. The type of mind is determined by the prevailing characteristic. " Mind and memory especially running to mental pictures. Thus also with memoIf your t3rpe of memory is shown above. " especially attentive to abstract ideas. Mind and memory especially given to details. the sistent attention use of associations. You are urged especially to obPerAttention serve that the words: Resolution — — . " " " Mind and memory especially interested in prin- ciples. you require improvement in some one or more of the method consists in perand the formation of habits in the desired direction by constant practice and the constant particular types portrayed. " Mind and memory Mind and memory especially good in the matter of dates and figures." as remarked in " Business Power" a volume in the Power-Book Library. and if ries.

for safe-keeping. to associate the details with recollective ' signs ' of any sort that you all this may invent. but it is In some cases the fore- too easy and quick." It is well to bear in mind that this it is the art of observ- ing which gathers the materials which in mind.' With most of us it is there that we close the work. to persist in such labor. or by a shop window. In other words. proceed to hammer it into mind. by association with something already posalso required because this habituates the sessed in the mind. and take a mental inventory of everything they saw. repetition is mind or the brain-cells in certain ways so that accompanying mental actions or associations are developed which assist in memory. for example. so to speak. to attend to all sent the details with all your mind. At Speaking on subject W. for one will thing. assimilated But always should the fore-getting be In the process of fore-getting. to repeat the attention. "Take. to form the habit of doing in regard to details.: 264 sistence Exercises in Memory repre- — Repetition — Association — Habit. actual. memory stores Groves says: "Robert Houdin and son immortalized themselves in legerdemain by the cultivation of the power of observation. when you are sure that you have a thing. H. Are you lacking in ability to recall in that respect? You are urged to resolve on improvement. and then compare notes. They would pass through a room. so that a ' good rule be found in I think it this remark My work really begins when is finished. They did things which bordered on the miraculous because their eyes had been trained to observe closely. the memory of details. amount and kind of effort demanded. . " The trouble with people getting is who forget is in part the fact that they fail to fore-get.

of' increasing the power of my . studied a map of the place he was approaching in travel.Beaten Tracks Become Highways first 265 they observed only a few things. but practice and perseverance will enable you saw. in striving to cultivate the memory. Thurlow Weed made his mind wax to receive and marble to retain. nature. Always. At first you may not remember accurately. etc. pictures. color the chairs. — the Then shut your eyes and recall — you see. and things you have seen through the day. then shut his eyes and recalled He did this for about fifteen minutes. Resolve : " I shall acquire a great memory Will. " A splendid idea is to take a bird's eye view of a room and all its articles. Even when on the street or in company you can be increasing your skill in rememto take in at a glance everything " Envmierate at night the persons ' you bering. but finally they could see quickly and remember accurately everything. their number. appearance and size of the room and articles." All such exercises are of great value and should be practised as time allows.' A man. and had it clearly stamped in his memory." for the purpose. carpet. call up and sustain the Mood of strong and confident personality. who was a wonder.

and sing as night expires. it that self.HOW CAME How And came imagination IMAGINATION? QUESTION to the brain. might fly With the great sun. The Author. it that thought might drain the fount of truth. it it that love that blood — . the spirit-lark. by sheer accident law failed f avert? ANSWEB Came Came Came Came might fear and fearless die. till Stirring the Abered cells nerves alert Sped messages of all the life to flesh inert. Came it that soul might know and win immortal youth. marvelous things of joy or pain mind and body? Came it by the main Method and law old Nature must assert Filled As the blue lotus or the ruby's stain — — Or. might steal Promethean fires.

" Life of Lord Byron!' Theory of Chapter The highest imagination involves all the powers of its greatest the mind. That means the mighty Will developed " All the leaders in the world's imagination. to excite his vein by the perusal of others on the same subject or plan. from which the slightest hint caught by his imagination. to imagine." life all round. or. he has in already imagined. it am inclined to think was his practice. there can be no such thing as imaginations which are exclusively the result of a direct act of the Wm. Willed culture of imagination secures efficiency. was sufficient to kindle there such a train of thought as. but for that spark (and that direcSir tion of the Will) had never been awakened." Thomas Moore. professes to will. when engaged in the composition of any \york. The steadfast application of imagination highly cullife requires tured to the concerns of the strongest and best-regulated exercise of Will-power. as he read.CHAPTER XXII Exercises in Imagination "X '^ THENEVER \ /% / T fact a person wills. conse- quently. and. ratKer."^ Professor " I Upham. have been men of .

and the mind requires ability to see motives and consequences clearly. it has so our but its cultivation should always have reference to the sway of reason in conjunction with a reasonable Will. the inventive. theme." Many persons will badly because they cannot per- . involves not only action of Will. from the material by the Will. however. life." Our task in imagination. this nourishment gives body to my work. as. and in proper relathat the ethical imagination tion. is it is to be observed by far the most important. the scientific. the philosophical.' He. the mathematical. whether a man's life shall be governed tion is by the subconscious mind to take him where it may. because willing involves motives and consequences. the artistic. judgment and right motives in Preliminary Without dwelling upon the various kinds of imagination. " The subjective mind. vividly. The imaginative power is indispensable to Will. but as well education of the deepest self in the interest of reason. Schopenhauer said." " will feed upon. or by the conscious Will in control of that great servant. My mind draws its food from the medium of intelligence and thought.268 It is in Exercises in Imagination the action of the imagination that the quespresented. the great thing is the quest of right conception. The imagination should be important a place in all cultivated because affairs. "In action as in reasoning." well said Olston in " Mind Power and Priv- and create. directed the course of his reading and thought to such things as would bear upon his general given it ' ileges. then.

These exercises should be conducted in a quiet room. Then full imagine a forest of birds. all singing. have become familiar with the whole .Does the Prophet Speak Truly? 269 ceive the full force of antagonizing motives. with simple imaginary sensations. drop of musk. Stand by the side of some running sounds that assail one general combination of sound. Repeat tmtil the imaginary sensations become as vivid as in life. first. and imagine the air to be heavy with their fragrance. What would be the effect upon What would you do in such a case ? Repeat cise with a yourself ? this exer- musk. does it stream. reasons and purposes and in forepicturing of consequences. "It may be said in general" remarks Professor James. Hence de- velopment of Will demands exercise in consideration of desires. and they possess small facility for calling up the possible outcomes of actions or courses of conduct. Bring the Will to bear with great power upon the work. Now place yourself in mind before a hill of roses. and imagine its fragrance. 2. " that a great part of every deliberation consists in the turning over of all the possible modes of conceiving the doing or not doing the act in point." Regimes Exercise No. listen attentively to the your There like? is What is it What mood What it recall to memory? After you proceed to does bring to your soul? effect. or near a water-fall. tion. Exercise No. Make the imagination as strong and distinct as possible. or in a factory in opera- Now ears. i. Then think of a lake of Repeat with the notes of a song-bird. We begin. Recall a single rose.

making it as loud as possible. Place yourself. real landscape. Resolute practice will accomplish the result desired. Exercise No. Lastly. its Pass again in thought through cause. state What influence had it upon your sub- . sounds as previously analyzed. and continue with different landscapes until you can summon a vivid picture of real scenery with the greatest ease. and recall. Recall to memory some distant and The difficulty will consist in bringing up the details. Keep the willful mood. a great volume of one of these sounds. with great intensity of feeling. go away from a source of real sound to a quiet place. carefully. Recall some experience which has made a lasting impression upon your memory. accessories. By a sulife. and When — — then its individual Continue until the exercise perfect ease. various phases. case. and a third. on the exact spot where first you saw the landscape. and resolutely compel the view to rise before you with as much of detail as possible. then continue with another. its its and its effect Dwell upon upon you at the In either time. it Exercises in Imagination into as many different notes as you can you have done this thoroughly have separated the whole sound into its component parts imagine clearly and powerfully. 3. 4. slowly. but these must be supplied. Was the effect pleasant or otherwise ? why.270 analyze detect. preme effort make the mental picture as real as In doing this you should try to reinstate the soul's moods occasioned by the original scene. first the general harmony. until the general combination has been exhausted. in thought. may be carried on with Exercise No. and so on.

and journey to a distant planet. in "A Moosehead Journal. Continue with other objects and various fanciful imaginings until Will is master of to call up. life ? it the Prophet Speak Truly? 271 Would you repeat it? may again be secured avoided in the future and how ? Continue with various experiences until the lessons of caution and thoughtful self-interest become per- — — and how If not. It is a horse? Give it wings. ination. or perfectly tame but horrible of a building. imagination — Exercise No. weird and entrancing or wild but not forbidding. In a quiet room.Does sequent If so. to control or to banish. construct imaginary pictures." writes " Sometimes a root-fence stretched up its bleaching antlers. like the trophies of a giant picture suggested. Exercise No. J. of an animal. You should preserve the Will-mood as strongly as possible. Select a sentence from a standard author. 5. the mind to wander into revery. ? why not? it May be manent factors in your mind. curious yet beautiful. . which illustrates the celerity of a trained imag- and then : will into the mind the complete Thus. 6. Continue until control of the imagination has been secured. . Lowell. and try to discover in or about a suggestion for the play of imagination. such as you have never seen: of a bird. It is a spool of thread ? Make it to be a spider's web wherewith to weave a thousand robes or with which to send messages without unwinding by charging with intensest Will-power as you breathe upon it. Exercise No. Gaze it at some large object. grotesque and unreal. magnificent yet mysterious of a landscape. Do not allow — .

divine faculty " of " seeing " should be culti- And it may become an Aladdin's Lamp to him whose Will is mighty. proceed to write some statement in which a like play of fancy is obtained. Having ascertained what the imaginative element in such sentences (you can find similar everywhere). call up the scene and its impressions as vividly as possible. only deepen and confirm Now. Try. uttering at intervals their wild." The " vated. " Know people sadly neglected." Exercises in Imagination The man who is divine faculty to see said this tells us that "the what everybody can look at. instead of it. mood and write a sentence of imaginative The old injunction." disif turbing solitude. In either case. take another sentence from the same author: string of five loons was flying back and forth in long. try to imagine a sound which reminds you of " the last faint pulse of echo dying among the hills. like the last faint pulse of echo dying among the hills. to picture this root- fence of Lowell's scene in such a bleaching antlers. irregular zigzags. you have not heard the cry of the loon. now. and which is one of those few sounds that." is by most worth a deal of labor to .272 hunter. Practise this se- entire exercise persistently until you can with ease cure the beauty. make the present impresto the sion absolutely real. which always seems far away. Then resolutely is banish scene and feeling. Throw yourself into the mood of imagination. It is thyself." If you have heard these birds. suggested. holding it mood Keep the mind from wandering. lers ? way as to suggest Why did the writer bleach the ant- Why did he not see them poised upon a row of deer-heads ? " A Or. Do not be discouraged. tremulous cry.

" Who hath sailed about the world of his own heart. close your eyes and summons it before the mind. surveyed each and inside corner. Then mentally take it to pieces. Persist in this endeavor until you are able to form a vivid mental picture of the whole. power of Will of the greatest value in practical indefinitely. When you have thoroughly analyzed the mechanism. . Understand all its parts and their mutual relations." quotes Lowell from Thomas Fuller. Continue this exercise with various mechanisms until you are able to . Know its purpose." Lowell should have traveled thoroughly round himself and the great terra incognita just outside "a man his own threshold. Continue these exercises Exercise No. an increased life. ' terra incog- to himself ? " would be well before trying to read." This is largely true even of mental voyages.Does the Prophet Speak Truly? 273 get acquainted with this writes that "unknown land. Now try to suggest some improvement by which some of the parts may be omitted. study. These exercises. 8. They deal with simple matters because this would seem to be best. Then mentally put the parts together. we could learn how to read before trying to we could learn how to study. before he undertakes voyages of discovery to other worlds. therefore. have in view the cultivation of one of the human faculties. which is particularly to the point here. but that nita ' still there remains It much if. Examine a machine of not very complex construction. or by which parts may be better adjusted. and they greatest of aim at suggestiveness only. but if they are faithfully followed they will result in a developed imagination and. or by which the machine may be made to ac- complish better or iS less expensive work. " sounded every creek.

Will thoroughly in mind.274 Exercises in Imagination see into machinery. their force. lo. their persistence. what would probably have sequences of your then choice. in life. Then review all the con- In what respect do you now see that you ought to have proceeded differently ? Had you so done. proceed to think out a suitable arrangement for the purpose. can call struction. Do not become absorbed in this effort to the injury of other interests. therefore. a clearly perceived. Exercise No. acquired facility in the constructive imagination. its up to mind its inner conand can with ease form mental pictures of wholes and its parts. The opportunity being found. The object here is not to make inventors. Think of some matter in your life or home or place of business where a simple device or mechanism would prove valuable by a saving of time or money. Re- you did not give all motives or reasons an adequate hearing. p. keep a strong sense of Continue until you have Recall one of your great mistakes review carefully. Above all. intensely. study to such end. the various motives which appealed to you at that time. been the outcome? Suppose you were now to be put back into the former circumstances. Acknowledge exactly why you yielded to some motives and rejected others. Exercise No. but to develop power of imagination in order that motives of Will and consequences of action may be Make this exercise. Think over their Judge candidly before acting. whether you deliberated sufficiently relations. How would you decide with present knowledge? To avoid a similar . Bring all these matters before your mind with the vividdistinctly that member ness of a present experience.

namely. you must then do what you have failed to do. The present exercise is designed to assist you to these desired ends. Of what does You are to make the scene you have it remind you? imagined the basis and cause of other scenes similar in one or more respects. Proceed first. save when broken by the sighing of the breeze or the call of birds from the open. Picture this scene to the soul: the undulating ground. the play of the winds upon the gleaming leaves. covered with fallen leaves and dotted by occasional clumps of bushes . summon all motives into court. Recall to memory some very your travels. there in nature's Now invent reflections in connection with this scene. and you are deliberately to analyze the suggestion. whose numberless trunks lift into the canopy above and aif ord sunlit vistas in every direction . by the law of similarity. . the many colors of the foliage still crowning the trees. Meanwhile mightily resolve to forefend the future by giving every important matter utmost careful attention. at- tractive bit of landscape observed in Let us say it is a great piece of woods seen in autumn. hear each plea.Does the Prophet Speak Truly? 275 mistake in the future. Continue such review work until you have called up for examination all mistakes which you can remember. the swiftly moving stealth of squirrels along the ground or among the branches and the strange and pleasurable . give to all adequate consideration and weight. deliberate carefully. the two scenes by comparison. the vast quiet which broods over all. and vividly foresee all conse- quences of choice as far as possible. fallen and drooping and still clinging. moods suggested when you stood haunt of beauty. Exercise No. ii.

Follow these directions daily until their full value is apparent in imagination entirely under control of Will. Then ascertain the secret of its beauty and of its power upon thought and feeling.276 Exercises in Imagination and the moods of thought occasioned by both. and to furnish your material. It will Read some famous poem of the be better to commit it to memory. You are to repeat the above exercise in not similarity. is all respects. Its value depends altogether upon the amount of Will which you put into it. Exercise No. now. ing. proceed- by similarity. and the intelligence with which you control the mind during reasons for the same. all cases be strongly conscious of the willing sense. Then note carefully every specimen of imagination which tains. Con- tinue the exercise indefinitely. The above directions may be In re- peated by substituting experience for scenery. Proceed. by understanding every word. with Do not fall into revery. and then by contrast. Then observe the relation and dependence of one element upon another. is the labor involved. except that contrast. 12. to make this scene the basis and cause of another scene by contrast. Continue this exercise indefinitely until you have mastered many of the world's great poems. . it con- Then determine its faults and its beauties as a work of the imagination. and by vividly picturing in the mind every ele- ment of fancy. go on to analyze it. 13. This downright work. making a clear statement in writing of its consecutive thoughts. Exercise No. Learn why it has lived and exerts What is that influence? its acknowledged influence. imagination. first. Having thoroughly mastered it.

first. do not give due weight to the best motives that appeal to them. In a similar manner. You are now dealing with pictures of life and human nature. Exercise No. Would you act dif- the reasons for their actions. By as much as you so discover and appreciate in real life must your Will become strengthened and its determination wiser. Are these natural plot? demanded by previous acts and conditions? Could the characters have been improved? Or the — Or the general developments of the persons? Or the outcome of their actions and relations? Make the book a piece of real life. all the personages of the book. 15. secondly. and study it as above suggested. . 14. Continue this work with the best in your library.Does the Prophet Speak Truly f 277 Exercise No. and treat its imaginative elements as secrets to be discovered and explained. Observe whether or not they are acting in a manner that is true to life. ferently? And why? Appreciate the fact that they all reason falsely and do not adequately consider rea- sons involved in choice. Take a work of fiction. read some famous book (not fiction). Go on to follow their conduct to consequences. and hence. in order. Become thoroughly ac- quainted with tives. In all this remember that you are cultivating the imagination for the purpose of discovering reasons for or against conduct and of appreciating consequences. Read so as to obtain a vivid portrait of each character. and. that you may apply its lessons to your own life. Continue until you have mastered the best works of fiction in English. and give it a similar analysis. Study Investigate their moNote the influence of ancestry and environment upon them. that you may thoroughly understand it.

can only take place under the guidance of the Witt." Exercise No. If you have cultivated memory. 16. you will be enabled to see clearly the motives that appeal to you. B. take. Under motives may be arranged reasons . Here will appear the values of preceding exercises. Carpenter.278 Exercises in Imagination " The determinate exercise of the Judgment" says Professor W. and you will also have power to imagine yourself as entering upon one course of procedure. for — sequences are motives. Apprehended conmatter of vital importance. and to solve manner. and a feeling of strong resolution to consider it it with all your might. Suppose yourself to be about to take a certain step or to perform a certain act. you should bring to this imaginary problem (a real problem will serve better) a vivid sense of its reality and importance. The wisdom of your choice involves the adequate consideration of two matters motives and consequences. You are not fond of the city or town in which you are living and conducting your business. " which involves the comparison of ideas. If outcomes or probably to follow your all you have cultivated imagination. for and under consequences which you can see as likely decision. but this division against either choice is convenient. It is a You wish to make no misyour happiness and welfare depend upon your decision. Let us now suppose the problem. the recollection of other similar problems which you have been compelled to solve will come to yoiir assistance. passing through possible consequent experiences and reaping ultimate outcomes. But how are you to proceed? You may choose one thing or the other. You wish to change residence in the best possible . But above all.

The population cannot exceed a certain rather low estimate. and it no longer yields rounding country is There are no mineral resources beneath its old crops. would . The children are taking root. First. write in brief every conceivable objection to a change. The place is far removed from points of the surface. All your friends and associates are here. situated. Secondly. Manufacturing inThe surterests are not likely to become numerous. These difficulties you are now to consider. Schools are first sent improvements. Your trade or The town is growTaxes Investments are fairly remunerative. and they repre- Your home is good and pleasantly Your family enjoy fine social relations and are fond of the town. clientage is established ing. They have opportunities of value. twenty years. : Morals are at least active and progres- On the other hand Climate is not agreeable. recall all previous experiences in similar ters. but not unreasonable. interest — the mountains. The churches are fairly Your age is forty-five. and they are safe. You have here a business standing of say. agricultural. You have long been conscious of a degree of discontent and You believe that a new environment restlessness. You ought stir you up to better achievements. mat- and keep them constantly in mind. Example: from your present domicile. Some enemies have been developed. Investments do not yield a large return. and is certain. class. But there are difficulties in the way. Public opinion is sound. the great cities. are rather high. average. Taxes are increasing. Your property located in this place. No new railroad facilities need be expected. Only a moderate business can be carried on here. sive. the sea.Does the Prophet Speak Truly? 279 and business to another place.

stay where you are. noting. There may be several in mind. Your family might therein find increased op- and a start in life. try an- . that wholes. at the last. Proceed in a similar manner with reference to the If after a full deliberation you are in doubt as to one place. for and against. If they agree. and you must plead honestly as the one. If then you are in doubt. again. but resolve to decide definitely after sufficient opportunity for final reflection. You desire the advantages of a larger sphere." : Then proceed out all to review each case. Each location must receive a full and careful consideration. taking in the general impression of both. or not to go. After each case. Now note the balance of judgment " To go. hold the matter in abeyance a time. You must now go on to select tentatively some place to which you may possibly transfer your life. the general balance of judgment " To go. and carefully : strike reasons that offset one another. especially the which may be likely to accrue from any choice you may make. or not to go. You are lawyer and judge. In each contemplated move. a decision is still difficult." If the two general judgments disagree. You have known better society than that in which you now move. proceed carefully to weigh them as latter. place to which you propose to move. The church of your choice is not located in the town where you live.28o Exercises in Imagination to have a larger return for your investments of time and money. you must call up every possible advantage and disadvantage. and decide imparportunities for enjoyment tially as the other. has been presented. After these imaginary presentations of reason for and against a change. set the matter aside for future consideration.

and it forefends against sorrow." work Here is must be cor- Though creative imagination is most wonderful qualities. Then dis- miss absolutely all regrets. seize it quickly. They set forth what intelligent people always substantially do with reference to matters of importance." remain where you are. stir not until the new residence has been properly determined.Does other. having determined to move. the Prophet Speak Truly? 281 cide If If. bend every energy to move to your own advantage. the great prophet of success. college do we find systematic instruction in this art. " Where the Will is healthy the vision rect. When your opportunity arrives. As a yet nowhere one of the mind's in school or — writer on psychology puts it " The products of the constructive imagination have . Many Wills are like guns set with hair-triggers they — go off before good aim can be taken. you decide to move. But a good deliberation depends largely upon the imaginative is power of the soul. it Our great trouble in It is the life that we " didn't know was loaded. Deliberation is worth gold and stocks. Continue these exercises indefinitely. you cannot deupon the place " to which. There are strong Wills which are not wisely exercised here offered because because of a simple lack of imaginative thinking. If that is fixed." of the Will-controlled imagination to know. through the swing All the way from primeval man and the upward march of mankind. of the centuries the imagination has been the basis of progress. They are many even intelligent men seem wanting in the power clearly to see motives and possible consequences connected with momentous decisions. The above are rough suggestions merely.

The law of all this individual evolution is the double law of self-knowledge and adjustment. is your best adjustment to the world? Find that out. the liveliness will be due to the activity of his imagination. the stage-coach. first. a grove. the starry heavens. march of the imagination. the stove.— 282 Exercises in Imagination been the only stepping stones for material progress. as they should be for all-round — welfare. yourself and your It is here that imagination relations with the world. the sky at sunrise. every time we describe a place or a landscape vividly. aided by When the wincame. the locomotive. like unleavened bread. because self is the world's complex whole. an orchard. What plays its part. the imagination pictured the skin of the animal on the human body. ing for a person to attempt to describe to others a meadow. you need to cultivate. The constructive imagination of early man. as they really are. Who are you? Find that out. . began to conquer the world. . and rightly use. the course of a brook. " Every time we tell a story clearly so as to impress the details on the mind of others. Will power going out in action merely made that image a reality. in It is excellent train- we are cultivating imagination. are successive milestones. Then carry out the vision. Learn to see things (in self in world). tion is If his descrip- not heavy. showing the progressive thought. The chimney. That this law may " come good " in your case. . secondly. every time relate we what we have read arouse definite a book of travels so as to images in the minds of our hearers. which is slowly evolving the right universal Will. ter cold ." is The healthy Will right personal success a unit in that which is bent on achieving by right methods.

Does the Prophet Speak Truly? . THEREFORE. ATTENTION! TO REASONS AND TO CONSEQUENCES!! Its realest motto is : I . not only be strong it must RESOLVE TO WILL — WITH POWER. AND FOR THE BEST. 283 also act The Will must wisely.

Fling cap and bell into yonder pool. Yet a saner choice of plan or dream Is the soul thafs king by worth supreme. to his sober fool. is quite misnamed. And say me nought of your kingcraft famed. good friend." Now a fool is king when a fool complete. For a foolish king is the Devil shamed.WHO HATH WISDOM? Said a king. good friend. But a king all fool is a madman's freak: I would liefer be the world's great jest Than a grinning ape in purple dressed. is far from fit. For a sober fool is the Devil's skit. And say me nought of your dead-man's wit. " Your name. stand and sing. one day. "'Your' name. — — The Adthor. Doff sword and sceptre." Said the grinning fool to the sober king. .

is nothing of line intelligence. There are some dangers connected with the imagination which should be avoided." " knowing fine distinctions. a little mental excite- ment. has always been. and to weakness of all kinds. Hardly anybody is always consistently sober and rational in his perceptions and beliefs. and to environment." to illusion." to the enjoyment of suc- Horace Fletcher. heredity and environ- ment to the contrary notwithstanding. and has redeemed them cess. A momentary fatigue of the nerves. weak habit-of-thought. to be excluded from the category of But "most men are sometimes liable rational men. This is proven by the observed instances in which strong habit-of-thought has invariably made its masters superior to heredity. These dangers are apparent in the mental life of the majority of people. and to illness. from non-success and misery." says James Sully in " Illusions. and is still. wont between the region of illusions to draw a sharp and that of sane is. because they are ene- mies of a good Will.CHAPTER XXIII Some Diseases of the Imagination *'^ 'r-pM I ^HE underlying cause of all weakness and unhappiness in man. honor and happiness. a relaxation of the effort of attention by which we continually take our bearings with respect to the 28s . " Common sense. To be the victim of an illusion in the popular judgment.

Regimes Exercise No. and feelings thought-train. building up its various elements into a complete whole. which is not of a true imagination because not controlled by the Revery may therefore be banished by the Will. i. Consider the various motives and follow out the several consequences to an ultimate. will produce just the same kind of confusion of reality and phantasm which in the insane. Or weave the selected image into some train of pur- posed thought or action involving reasoning and an end to be attained. instantly check its roving. Whenever the mind exhibits a tendency to wander aimlessly from one thing to another. again. In order to do this. One mind. Here. imagination is out of control. Some minds are troubled with various hallucinations. and a true imagination may be made to take its place. Hold the mind determined on. of these enemies of Will revery. banish the revery-mood and call up the resolute sense. In this work. . select from its pictures a single image. because that they are curable believed resolute by good health and the is WiU. making vivid. it and deliberately pro- ceed to elaborate that. and images are rendered objective beThere are so-called invalids who would now enjoy perfect health had they not deceived themselves originally and thus brought about are real is made cause such the case.286 real Some Diseases of the Imagination world about us. Insist upon seeing vividly every picturable thing in the steadily to the line Continue until the bent for revery is displaced by a habit of definite thinking." It is to difficulties we observe of this character that the present it is chapter seeks to turn attention.

found in matters far out of the ordinary life. is soul should intensely insist that itself master. which teaches that the mind may. 2. in which case the same course may this being be pursued.Live in the Open of Right Vision conditions which It is 287 savage. These may be physical. throw off many physical discomforts. the soul should resolutely assert that the matter has no such importance as is suggested. would ruin the health of a not " Christian Science. and then proceed to forget the idea by strenuous engagement in other considerations. with a complete variation of interest. is not reiterated denial that the is ill The remedy. Had she been maltreated. Conditions underlying the images or sounds should be thoroughly investigated. exists. The writer once called upon a woman who had taken to her bed from sheer obstinacy. Exercise "No. habits of . she would have recovered instantly. or dragged out of her comfortable nest with the injunction to get well or get out. Or they may be mental." but common sense. and a resolute contradiction by Will of the importance of the disease or pain. This was her only real disease. left to go hungry. neglected. For a thousand imaginary ills the remedy is a thoroughly " oxidized " state of mind. and it often simply intensifies the difficulty. may sometimes be banished by a wise The Visual and auditory hallucinations assertion of Will. requiring rest and change of scene and diet for correction. But it was real enough at that. by resolute assertion of Will. thus. 3. Exercise No. a mind saturated with the atmosphere of common sense and good health. for that merely another invitation to insanity.

compel it to appear under other conditions. The name of fear legion. Finally dis- miss ills it. cast by the perthem forth forever. Then compel These . fear of failure. may . . The honest soul need fear nothing. to be sure but the truth that many this of our are due to a weak and fickle Will. These pages do not offer a substitute for medical treatment. . When difficulties become more than foolishness of fickle fancy. get control of the hallucination. and fears do haunt the life of such fear of man. now. is 5.288 Some Diseases of the Imagination 4. You fear men whom you suppose to be above you. fear hell. But the honest soul is not always wise. fear of misfortune. . There are spirits ifest to the eye. therefore. not probable that one who has been terrorized by these devils may banish them instantly. which do not manTheir arena These are the spirits of fear. They are designed merely for ills of a light and temporary form. to build up a perfectly honest life then meet them at every opportunity learn their weaknesses as well as their virtues will incessantly to fear them no in time. the heart. and may be strengthened and trained by -wise application to the difficulties suggested. bag and baggage. Exercise No. fear of ill-luck. Proceed. Exercise No. fear of is fear of God. of death. It is first necessary to be an honest person. Persist in substituting a different image or sound. And banished by the resolute Will. directions are more is easily given than followed. In other cases the main thing is to If it appear under certain conditions. the science of experts is called for. yet are terrible in power. it to vanish at will. once and for all but it is as . true as life that the honest soul sistent Will. these also may be . It is.

And possibly they fear you as well. you nary fear. If thou art Nature right. Fear of death is anticipation of an experience which will or may bring its own antidote. fear nothing. he would therefore strike with a understanding of the word " strike. Failure in the life of such a one made admonition of Fear of misfora coward's attitude. Cultivate the sane and resolute mood. that there are other peo- who. Fear of a ghost of theological making. fear not now. power of mind to banish all irrational fears clean out of court." you can learn to plunge into the feared atmosphere of those first. If. ATTENTION! .Live in the Open of Right Vision more. ple 289 Remember. especially. all these illusions of the imagination may be destroyed. This is superstition. With a normal mind and a It is in the resolute Will. intelligence as above. or a most salutary and truthful incentive to climb out of hell's conditions. It was Grant's belief that the politic enemy was as much afraid as himself. for thou wilt not then. RESOLVE TO WILL FOR MENTAL BALANCE. There are few — failures with the honest soul and the is persistent Will. So long as you are out of hell now. evil. you will certainly in time banish this imagi- The remedy is Similarly with fear of ill-luck. If there is any danger of hell to-morrow. it cares for the upright in that supreme hour. tune is experience and lesson for the future. and that those whom you fear are very likely troubled with fears in turn for others superior in their thought to themselves. fear yourself. with equal foolishness. hell is either is the prophecy of hell to-day. No misfortune ever befell an honest heart which might not be transformed into a blessing.

with a strip of zinc. Gould.' " That guH-cap battery is the human Will for compressed energy the wonder of the in his honor in ! — universe. with a battery composed of a gun-cap. who is at Valentia. with a battery FORMED IN A lady's THIMBLE And now Mr. excited by a drop OF WATER. Collett writes me from Heart's Content: 'I have just sent my compliments to Dr. Field." The other day." said Cyrus W. THE SIMPLE BULK OF A TEAR. of Cambridge. across the ocean and back again. at a banquet given New York on the completion of the laying of the Atlantic Cable. Lattimer Clark telegraphed from Ireland. . "Mr.

Part IV Destruction of Habit .

And well for him who self constrains The lesser powers to dethrone: For thus the One Ideal reigns r-^ We live by sacrifice alone. The gnawing mystery ordains Its cycle of existence so. deep its pains. Or forms decay or death makes moan: We mark our way by crimson stains— We live by sacrifice alone. its battles."WE LIVE BY SACRIFICE ALONE" All things that toward the heavens grow. long the soul comes slow. ENVOY xJfe alway evil's drama feigns. Fooled 6y the lie. And weak Inertia loud complains That life a rugged way must go. . Betimes high life must feed the low. Yet shall its crowns all loss atone. The kingdom of O. The king his conquered foes disdains— We live by sacrifice alone. Yet ever higher life remains. n^er saps thy veins: We live by sacrifice alone. As waves by ocean's undertow. Betimes the high by lower gains. Are clutched by power that restrains. " The struggle drains!" The struggle makes thy self thine own! Builds thee man-high. In the huge struggle earth maintains.

and then the same thing over again.CHAPTER XXIV Destruction of Immoral Habits having been once defeated.'" — Epictetus. and destroy the other. the establishment of habituated action is indispensable to intelligent existence. The next time cuses for the thing. Preliminary Francis Bacon said to herbs or weeds . As the great factor in the formation of all habits is repetition con- . or foolish or morally wrong. : " A therefore let man's nature runs either him seasonably water the one. but thou wilt begin to make ex** B f ^ UT if say. which are injurious." The first part of this to be the advice we have striven in preceding chapters to follow is destroying weeds of a harmful character business of the present. This not necessarily an evil . But the word " habit " often signifies fixed tendis A encies to action. be sure that in the end thou wilt be brought to such a sorry and feeble state that henceforth thou wilt not so much as know that thou art sinning . thou shalt I will conquer. large portion of our life represents habit. either physical or mental. and then confirm that saying of Hesiod to be true "'With ills unending strives the putter-off. indeed.

one must bring his entire must think intensely of the motives and outcomes involved. Perseverance now is form and to sure prophet of reward. and especially of strength of memory. conflicting desires or impulses habit. and must resolve to do all things necessary to turn the mind away from habit toward freedom. then. resolve self. imagination and Will. while the power of Will has correspondingly grown. By this time the " force of habit " and the test of continuance have become slightly less. To overcome attention to the matter. a third is a bad memory of an evil past. In a time of great sorrow. second a general want of self-control. a a faint or fickle perception of motives and consequences . Hence the value of mental culture. the repeated as- sault of the Will directed by keenest attention and is overcome. master many habits at once. or of fear of to per- sometimes is so deeply cut into the soul its ability that it has opportunity to discover suffer. . habits A continued effort to destroy evil must develop the Will. or of intense anger or disgust with results. if the man genuinely desires desire until the fixed tendency A that this be done. and to become habituated a little to the necessary discomfort of self-denial. . in order that the conflict may be made to turn in the right direction. and so to take a new hold by Will for a more persistent effort. or of extreme excitement of pleasure. governed by only method for rooting out these obseems to be the strong Will can noxious weeds of body and soul. first difficulty is is The a last is the weak desire for cure. — those running But this effort supposes to the and those opposing it.294 Destruction of Immoral Habits is tinued until attention not required. We affirm that we resolve yet perhaps no resolution has really arisen in the mind. habits.

together with tea and indigestible food and hot Scotches every night : " I can't make a reduction in these things because I lack the Will-power. The system of refusing the mere act. is unintelligent desire in full war tactics. it should be at once banished out of the mind." Or. The entire matter may Mark Twain declared to his physician. the desire will continue to assert itself. the cure of habit depends upon keeping the right idea before the either that of the goal or that of the consemind — quence of yielding. and leaving the force. A desire constantly repulsed for a fortnight should die." says Professor James. unconquered . to put the matter in another way. it seems to me.Resolve. One should be on the watch for it otherwise it will get in. but I can't merely modify them. It must be taken all the time — in time and not allowed to get a lodgment. and It is Thou Art Free 295 a law." to be taken seriously because it is fundamental good bad habits is to be effected by destruction of desire for their indulgence. "The still strong-willed man is the man who hears the small voice unflinchingly. . entirely. I can cut them oflf His idea. is that the cure of attention. and should have one's sense. always leaving the desire unmolested. it can do but little good to refuse the act over and over again. be conscioiisly expended in curing a habit. as unconsciously has been employed in acquiring be summed up in one word All evil habits may be destroyed by the man who really DESIRES to master them. and will When the desire intrudes. " The desire of course precedes the act. be almost sure to win in the long run. that as much Will-power must it. probably. then. who had ac- cused him of using tobacco and coflfee immoderately.

in the other to arouse an ob. "Moral action is action in the line of the greatest resistance. you must yet main a slave? now Let the motto of be firmly held in mind: previous exercises I RESOLVE TO WILL! ATTENTION!! . the function of the Will lies underneath the desire . consents to its presence (he is speaking of the cold consideration of reason). and to make desire for freedom stronger. people are slaves to habit sim- ply because they consent to be slaves. therefore. The latter is the work of right-mindedness. structed Will. For what purpose. " Everywhere. it be well to decide definitely that you honestly wish to eliminate the evils mentioned. to keep desire for indulgence out. It may be cold and flat when the spontaneous mental drift is toward excitement. the difficult object ere long begins to call up its own congeries and associates and ends by changing the disposition of the man's consciousness altogether. You have if all sought a re- strong Will. and holds it fast. when comes. looks at to its death-bringing consideration face. in spite of the host of it exciting mental images which rise in revolt against and would expel it from the mind. if left to itself. After all. the former of a determined Will. affirms it." will Before going to the following pages." Nevertheless. the function of the effort is the same to keep affirming and adopting a thought which. clings it. to inhibit an explosion. or great and arduous when the spontaneous In the one case the effort has drift is toward repose. would slip away. then. Sustained in this way by a resolute effort of attention.296 Destruction of Immoral Habits the "and who. then.

do not pass the fault lightly. substitute at a code of jargon for your profanity. it ruins spoken language. fore. Carry it about . think twenty-five. When you slip again into the habit.'Resolve. and Thou Art Free Profanity 297 This is a mark of low breeding. Imagine the best woman you have ever known to be present. it materials. but reprove yourself severely. and then make your apologies to her of- out to become a gentleman. over. 5. slowly and viciously because of your dish-water weakness. according to the above instruc- You can now do this for the reason that you have shown successful Will in one direction. it is it You causes trouble . If you feel that you must indulge. fended dignity. In the long run the best breeding comes up from plebeian blood and common surroundings. now and forever. don't think " swear " . break it in this respect. Resolve with increased fury of Will to banish the evil. and there are no words quite so satisfactory to a profane person as those which you have ceased to use. undignified . can contribute better than Here is the golden faith of true Americanism. proceed with the foolishness of counting twenty-five. 4. Keep the thought in mind the profane man is a fool. It is the specialization of ordinary yourself to the fruit of your loins. it is immoral. 3. 2. Meanwhile. Profanity is useless. write out a complete list of all the profanity you are in the habit of using. Regimes. If first you are very weak formed. There- away with i. is when this habit tions. Think the whole matter : and set Resolve to stop.

. Exaggeration A good deal of downright lying is exaggeration. We gather from the facts which we do know conclusions a states When man business to know that which we think must be conclusions as realities.. and we rather like that way. the liar is born. resolve your vocabulary of every word. Then we proclaim our do not take the trouble what we surely know because — it that is is. it is his it is certainly not false. The was not All this absolutely so and so. to tell merely true. This is especially to be the case when themselves are involved. We lots." " I said. A may lively imagination due to a bent for and a vivacious temperament easily induce enlarged or colored This fault Oftenapt statements without intention to deceive. etc. but we proceed across easier. times people state as facts what are merely conclusions from their own impressions. He did not so. unconscious of his lie is The intended probably a rarity. trifle You more.. At every reading. understand to rid utter folly. you know well enough. becomes a talents. to assert our opinions as bald actualities. facts. 298 with you. Ten days ought to cure this habit for all time. Here we have the heart of lying — caredid not thing Few people relate ordinary matters with naked veracity. but just a trifle different." Etc. " The thing was so and " He said. take in its significance. They do not intend to utter falsehoods they do not assert what they consciously know to be untrue but they do assert what they do not surely know to be the fact." lessness as to exact truth. Destruction of Immoral Habits Frequently read its it. habit. a thing or truth as fact. but you desire to be . . say exactly that. but just a say exactly that. but just a trifle less.

was distorted. however much patience and practice may be required. are conscious of this fact. 299 you are you are aware of carried along in the zest of anecdote. — : — . almost in a run. was running down the street. The witness to what he has seen must confine himself to facts and heard.Resolve. he had his hand on his face. and fact. and to say softly to yourself a hundred times a day for " I am a liar Confessing I am a liar " a month the this." " Was he really running? " " Well. free yourself from Imagine your mind to be a judge and your tongue to be a witness. but you thrust the feeling into the background and go on with " picturesque speech. in the nature of the case. say exactly that? Because you wanted your incident " How do you know that the man had a " toothache? " his expression Why. and is seldom a liar. and." And you In plain English. You should therefore cultivate abbreviated speech. Regimes. to be lively. why didn't you on veracity. partial remedy will be suggested under the habit " Garrulousness." The man who strips his statements to the fewest possible A words is not often an exaggerator. indicated that he and had discovered that his look merely member was . no he was walking rapidly. not what he has believed about these matThe tongue testifies " The man Example ters. and interesting." As a matter of this the man had bitten his tongue. you are next thing to a liar. the next story you tell will not be so funny humorist who sticks to absolute truth is a laughing but you will become a great deal grave-yard ! : ! — — " longer " 2. Then you should thoroughly the fog of impressions. It might do you a deal of good to conclude. before Thou Art Free it. i." Now. He had a toothache.

" Your fancy is idealizes or heightens all colors." Now. is A good honest blush "a yellow " is is "as red " A pleasant smile grin. and to . not what you saw.! 300 Destruction of Immoral Habits It was just the regular But you jumped to the conclusion that his tooth was making chaos of his peace of mind. " No. and everything is doubled and exaggerated. You paint their language in colors that are too high. and hence his appearance was " awful. After ! a little ! he rises up and shouts : " You are a liar A use liar " At the end. therefore." A sparkling laugh " a lightning glare of hilarity. you must tell learn to see things as them as you really see them. he dies a perfectly natural death. You continue to dash on the paint until at last the sober inner Truththey are. This resolution must be sunk into the marrow of your soul. and held in mind not designed for mastication. senses. at the shock. continuously for months. If you are not past redemption." The shade of thought " bluer than a whetstone. During the entire recital an inner god is whispering. you were aware of this fact. ! ! teller actually joins in the laugh. You have related an inference for facts. 3. no that is not correct Tone it down Speak the truth " But your rush of speech and interest are like lively fire-works. You are telling a story. You should discard your paint-pot. as fire. statutory grimace. until And you must practise becomes a . It is necessary. this habit. that you should desperately resolve never to relate as truth what you do not positively know to be naked fact. and in it yourself and a few other people are made to say a dozen things which you know were never said. to know things just as they exist and daily." Thus you proceeded to think. In order to overcome you should it first your occur. but your impression.

that word will be the very best. you must determine. in the fewest words. and with absolutely no exaggeration. though at first it may look recall For example: some incident of yesterday. and when the adjective must appear. and Thou Art Free 301 habit. and confine myself entirely to actual To bring this about. a comfort to himself and a support of " English with a moral quality. wrath. resolve. Regimes. sistance. germ of There are those." Irritability Irritation is the and Anger anger. to use the weakest of its kind. The cure in such a case would seem to be rest and treatment by medical specialists of un- Yet here also the Will may find It can do little without scientific asits opportunity. to employ no adjective word if you can make sense without it. " the feathers required. and and slowly. but. and state your resolution aloud. coldly The bird will in time get all like a featherless bird. Meanwhile. in the briefest and coldest manner " I will henceforth reject impressions and all adjective coloring. In reality. and facts. it may and does accomplish questioned standing. proceed to narrate it. the art of telling facts as nakedly as possible. Weak and disordered nerves are a misfortune. who become irritable without explosions of Very likely their difficulty is physical. and should be so treated.Resolve. . thus aided." begin now. i. whatever their cause. A set of unstrung nerves is but nevertheless demands the sympathy of the possessors of good health. and a " perfectly wonderful liar will have become a man of plain but reliable speech. often the result of wrong-doing. however.

! . 2. pleasant conditions. or recall the funniest story you know. Whenever you are tempted to do 5." 302 much. play the buffoon." 3. your melancholy lingers. laugh. and in the first instance cold- bloodedly. we must assiduously. ably well people irritability and anger are inexcusable. " sigh and reply to everything with a dismal voice. If we wish to 4. Destruction of Immoral Habits If the sick much more those may wisely be exhorted to a resolute who are irritable because of a With reason- " touchy " and fault-finding disposition. Don't worry. The re- ward of persistency will infallibly come. so. : conquer undesirable emotional tendencies in ourselves. assert your " I will not worry Will shout to your soul " If you sit all day in a moping posture. Bury yourself in humor. You can do you will. ridiculous. But you must stop and re- solve to live according to the dictates of a sound judg- ment. go through the outward motions of those contrary dispositions we prefer to cultivate. Refuse to express a passion and it dies. little Certainly with a artificial assistance the task is sure to success. but it can be forced. Count and its occasion seems violating physical law." remarks Professor James. " ten before venting your anger. You may thrust these devils out of your life if you be in honestly desire to do so. fight. a cheerful state of mind. Cultivate this if . whether fancied or real. Entertain only pleasing and elevating views and feelings all others you must resolutely foreDon't be foolish and brood over wrongs and ungo. In most cases this may end done by a sheer exercise of Will. You will be out of the mood. The suggestions of the chapter on "General Health " should be observed. in the fading .

should resolve to discover some good. are the most imporThey are the mental citadel. You bright side. and that it is here the Will-power is generated to be communicated to every other part of the body. and Thou Art Free 303 out of the sullenness or depression and the advent of real cheerfulness and kindliness its in their stead. others acting only now and then. and that mechanism being the nutritive centre of the body. when it does not kill outright. frequently injures to the extent of inducing sickness. Jacoby has said. perhaps. and don't fret ' one of the healthiest of maxims. some of them in constant service. untechnical language." 6. Geo. . delicate W. " Scientifically. in everything and in every situation. but little senses — perception. Dr. It is. some disease of these organs or a combination of organic maladies aris- death finally ensues. physical discomfort and the inclination to seek relief in suicide. is here the awful malady we call worry makes its first deadly assault.Resolve. " Considered as a disease. some some pleasing element. You must make this a real pursuit of your soul. one of the worst of which the mind is heir. Relaxa- tion is the certain foe of worry. Thus. and it tant in the brain. " Worry works irreparable injury through certain cells of the brain." In plain. " The remedy for the evil lies in the training of the Will to cast off cares and seek a change of occupation when the Urst warning is sounded by Nature in intelills to lectual lassitude and disinterestedness ' in life. worry. judgment and reason — is known about those subtle except that they are closeted behind the frontal bones. The cells located here. the other organs become gradually ing. affected. thought.

If This does not contradict the your motive is their good. you have shown Preserve a daily record of instances in which irritability or anger or melancholy. in relation to all those with whom you come Cultivate in contact. Shun blue all book. The past is done for . their vir- and thinks no tues 8. but those about which you are certain will never " come true. Let law of kindness. is the yellow tainted fiction. Constitute it an amulet or charm. Why be friendly with those who are miserable for the sake of their deadly comfort? the dead bury their dead. and that skeptical toward the won- der and glory of 9. you are then armed against contagion. that charity which You should read only that which the is agreeable and journal. In- or inspiring thought. and cling to it during the hours." 10. resolutely ignoring sadness and Live in the present of a sunny mood. 11. Repeat it when irritable. they are lies. failures. excellence. live only in the present. . AnBurn all doleticipate nothing but good in the future. Companion with cheerful thoughts and people exclusively. Some evil must befall ful prophecies. Repeat it when tempted to anger. So far as feelings are concerned. Repeat it as you perceive the shadows of melancholy stealing over your soul. Verify this by recalling pleasures and successes alone. you. Do not let it escape you a moment. it is not half so bad as its its you suppose. blaze vest it with magical power.304 7. ill. Destruction of Immoral Habits You should keep before your thought. useful. 12. life. find some pleasant it deeply into your mind. Be exact in this let it be faithful and honest personal . On the morning of each day.

and live absolutely above the feeble-minded expletive. the dastardly fling. manful Will-power. then read then resolve to improve. deriving unworthy pleasure from your weakness. why should you play such a fool's part ? Don't assume the role 14. sins Stand for your rights. Don't nurse your nerves! Don't coddle your whims! Don't "baby" your 15. You are not so when irritated. People and things about you are irritating and depressing. but observe this fact. that you are causing them misery . and history.Resolve. Your melancholy may be the sole source of enjoyment for some people who protest. Thou Art Free 305 At the close of each day. At intervals review that State the fact in your and remember it for encouragement. take frequently a moral bath in honest. record. while rendering yourself miserable? Why make dis- tress for yourself. Resolve to be happy. control your feelings. no doubt. Don't try to be a martyr! innocence! Don't pity yourself! The of suffering man who pities himself is lost. and you simply give the unkind an unnecessary advantage. and note progress. nevertheless. You must remember that man is entitled to he happy. Continue until you are master. 13. the cellar of miasmatic brooding and the psycho-physical poison of anger I . Never forget your self-respect. it. the wretched sarcasm. whatever other people may do? Here is a kind of living suicide. in company with another person. that many with whom you become angry will merely exult in your downfall. write it . the cowardly meanness. Why should you contribute to such enjoyment diary. or to show irritation or anger. insist on a happy frame of mind. On no provocation permit yourself tp fall into melancholy.

(e) You should resolutely compel yourself to engage in systematic. i. (c) You should bathe swiftly every day. this habit roots in a degraded tone of mind. to personal dignity. rinse in clean and gradually cooling (d) water. (a) You must live regularly. Your thought should immediately be taken up with rugged. to cleanliness. to health of body and : soul. must be brought back to the full condition of health by the varied activities of inspiring interests. but not violent. simple diet. the irritable soul Creates the evils feared and hugs its pain. avoiding alcohol in every form. The desire can be mastered by improvement in health. (gr) Your amusements should be entirely free from any unworthy excitement. Evil Imaginations Opposed has its to purity. injurious. active affairs.3o6 Destruction of Immoral Habits Brooding o'er ills. if tea and coffee. physical. exercise.-^ See thou some good in every somber whole. and a want of proper mental occupation. (&) You must bring yourself to a plain and Regimes. (/) You should absolutely shun every luxury of an enervating nature. And. (A) You must cultivate an ideal of womanhood as an ever- . Two things are therefore observable desire for evil. as far as possible. to moral vigor. and rub thoroughly with coarse towels until you are perfectly dry and all aglow. and by substitution of worthy thought in the mind. forget life's dole In will the last sweet drop of joy to drain. and. You must cooperate by putting yourself in a healthful regime of daily living. The first general treatment must be Nerves which are out of tone. viewing excellence.

noble and profoundly interesting. 5. which you have learned for the purpose. man cannot do. reverse the de" I desire this or that indulgence. 6. 2. saintly. he and profoundly desires deliberately demand improvement. you are to fight this evil indirectly. to assail lyze its difficulties. to bore until you have arrived at a solution it to discover which seems to be reasonable or satisfactory. Or better. It is true here as it is or desire." you desire not Every habit is rooted in thoughtlessness to conquer. Substitute for this. which are practical. recite heroic poetry or exalted prose. Remember. trains of reasoning. 4. thrust it aside and replace it by a better. Whenever an unworthy thought occurs to you." Example sire. to anaits relations. 3. steadfastly into with questions. On occasion. ideas. ! There is nothif ing which a actually 7. Make your main fight by occupying the field of thought with values and nobilities. It may be well to take up some problem of real life as a daily subject of thought. or some humorous incident. " I desire its opposite . You should make it your business to occupy the mind with plans. reasonably speaking. never directly. Or recall some stirring event in your own life. thought—innocent. driving the soul into healthful moods. So long as your mind is upon it to destroy it. and Thou Art Free 307 present portrait in the gallery of dignified. only your own untiring will can do You must anything with them. Then go into another subject and treat it in the same manner. " Brain cells and brain fibres cannot learn better ways from preachers. : correlative good . it. it still remains." . with reference to every other habit: If you say.Resolve. I desire the Kill the desire. "I cannot. I desire freedom " it.

One who falls. as such. after a prolonged " spree. reformed. A certain man his wife had put drink Awakened a to fetch in place of wife. to be sure. itself. with the assurance of a court of law that the instant he drank this first glass which he holds to his lips he would be shot to death like a dog. he would defer the indulgence because desiring life better than one drink. Regime i. into the old habit. so It is said his case is but not for anything in the treatment. and if this will avail nothing. he abjectly begged She coldly refused. You must treat with and directly. Keep the lat: ter forever in thought. In his . first. But if your manhood is still sufficient for these things. middle. man doesn't genuinely desire freedom. in vis- a " Keely Cure " and it is. in his bed. not desire reform. Were he confronted by a loaded rifle. desire lies Illustration : The Man Who Won. but his under his appetite. a few hope- months. leaving habit to Thus. him whiskey. Illustration its The Man Who is Failed. you must consult a physician or a " cure " . you must waste no time over these habits. or because he does the His appetite is his plea. or directly considered. family and honor. less. you must banish desire for by substituting for it desires of other deKeep the first out of mind.3o8 Destruction of Immoral Habits Tobacco and Liquoe Habit If there is not enough manhood left in you to desire reform. you must go on as a slave. last take care of stimulants scriptions. The contrary is asserted. desire. He drinks now because he desires indulgence." with fiery craving for alcohol. then. but it is simply the exaggeration of deluded martyrdom.

the use of alcohol. and then a great determination to suffer he could suffer if he could not stop and fell. when each How many . Many men continue to drink whose wives or mothers lack wit and the power of simulating affection. saying to that organ with clenched fists and shut teeth. He went into the battle sobered. Womanly "coddling" is a divine institution. His body was an armed enemy. Here was right desire harnessed to Will. "You cannot and shall not have drink. The Man Who Makes Excuses. His nervous system massed itself upon his resolution with persistent assaults which ceased not. But he kept his word. — — Illustration: The Man Who He Tried : Again. or with large success. of course. Illustration: He " excuses does the drunkard find. He suffered torments be- yond description. got into his soul. Thou Art Free 309 if she would grant this one he would forever abjure the use of drink. He drank as a babe drinks milk. A reforming drinker is weak in nerves and a baby in soul let his womanf oik pour wrath upon drink and nurse the man for what he is a hero with no legs to stand on.Resolve. during months." never yielded the second time. and torment. Thereat she yielded. he promised that request. young man fect discovered the alternative drink and a pertotal abstinence first mixture of ruin and disgrace. so far as he could determine. day or night. He triumphed. got a new desire for reform. Here was desire harnessed to Will. He received assistance from no " cure " and no religious experience. of a mighty desire for freedom. Hourly he held conversations with his stomach. But the wife furnished ready hot coffee every hour of the day and night during months. and went He . A all." writes " Professor James. — into the fight once again. like a scientific reformer.

it is. and. or it is just this once. or it is or it is Christmas-day . etc. meeting the wolf. " For well I know that all your evil deeds were caused by hunger. any- — thing you like except being a drunkard. Brother Wolf. The drink-habit is partly psychic. such matpoured out and it sin to waste or others are drinking and would be churlishness to refuse but to enable him to sleep. partly In either case the desire must be displaced by a stronger motive. if conceiving the various opportunities through thick and thin he holds to it that this is being a drunkard and is nothing else. and once doesn't count. or just to get through this job of work. He went outside the walls of the town. in token of a covenant. he is not likely to remain one long. as the wolf laid his paw on the saint's hand. this law. said to him : " I wish to you and these people. A mediaeval legend illustrates The people of Gubio were terrorized by a wolf. it is because he feels so cold.3IO Destruction of Immoral Habits It is new temptation comes! which the ters oblige it is a new brahd it is of liquor interests of intellectual culture in him to test it . 2. so that shall attack you." way of conceiving from the other possible Rigime physical. or it isn't drinking. and Saint Francis undertook to tame the animal. But if he once gets able to pick out that all ways of which occur. in fact. he promised that the animal should be fed during the rest of his life. That is the conception that will not stay before the poor soul's attention.." . moreover . or it is make a more powerful a means of stimulating him to resolution in favor of absti- nence than any he has hitherto made . and neither they nor their dogs Then." make peace between you may offend them no more. .

. " a thrill like that of an electric shock passed through the frame of the exhausted sailor . some cases. as before. Eat heartily plain . of any character whatever. he found himself able. because a physical state is involved which usually requires counHaving then. who Procure a tonic prescription from a phyunderstands your case. Hugh Miller relates that a man-o'-war sailor in an engagement had become so exhausted that he could scarcely lift a marlinspike. If you can nauseate a effect in man cease to desire it.Resolve. his fatigue at once left him and. vigorous and strong as when the action first began. these habits needs follow the directions below RSgime sician 5. but. teraction. will win and — nothing less can win. Anything and maintain there. and Thou Art Free 311 condition. to run out the one side of a twenty-four pounder. physical satisfaction. a suggestion stronger than that of liquor. the Will must be bolstered by a new is good Will. inasmuch as a condition of the stomach seems to be engendered by them which revolts against nicotine. a genuine desire to reform." The habit-conquering Will must he fed. the enemy renewing the fight. If the habit psychic ideal. that will introduce to the soul. tion for a A full meal is a sound founda- the result of a psychic desire. Some physicians recommend for the to- bacco-habit the incessant eating of peanuts. If the drink-habit is caused by a physical should be counteracted by a regime of food and innocent drink that shall maintain a state of it Regime 3. Regime 4. every time he craves tobacco he will It is said that milk has the same Every person long addicted to some medical assistance.

As you do so. and keep forever in mind the goal of freedom. Regime " dead stare " battles. Eat peanuts or drink milk instead Fix deeply in difficulty is your soul the conviction that the superable. Don't imagine that you are doing some great thing. because itself to the entire physical system tends to adapt conditions. of indulging your appetite in habit. and mind upon other matters. Don't talk about your effort." and throw yourself into action requiring no concentration of thought. Don't pity yourself. Keep them out of mind. set the When their thought arises. Don't play martyr. Don't dwell upon your suffering. Regime 6. Put tobacco and liquor out of sight. Regime 8. People have lost track of neuralgia over Mark Twain's " Innocents Abroad. banish the suggesin order to tion instantly. new Continue these reform conditions long enough and you are a free man. Forget all these temptations. Don't class yourself with heroic reformers. 7. in out- much as possible. Take a of-door activity as noon nap daily. Contrive to get a great amount of sound sleep .312 Destruction of Immoral Habits food. Entertain no sympathy for your suffering nor your weakness. not in- This is true. Flood your stomach with pure water day after day. perspire freely. If the weather permits. especially any kind which does not seem to agree with tobacco or alcohol. but will yield in time. Keep yourself busy. — that Don't suffer yourself to fall into the unconscious stand-still of mind which occasionally seizes men who are fighting these Anticipate such " spells.*every day. do so." and have fought . Don't nurse your egotism.

to be sure . Any method which will create desire for reform. if You can forget tobacco and alcohol. but without any distinctively supernatural element. underlying the crowning achievement of moral realms." But other people can never quite surrender to the auto-suggestion necessary." . one of which. in Some people can get " cured at the altar. so long as they escape the " beggarly elements. the curability of habits Will where there is genuine desire backed by resolute and proper mental conditions. Here was "Divine assistance. you determine Regime habits. Deity is Don't ask the Divine Being to cure these p. he confessed that there had been times at first wherein his throat and mouth had felt "raw. the author of a true psychology." When closely and persistently questioned. on in battle with shattered arms. soul develis that Divine help is given to no human being an especial manner or degree who can achieve success by obedience to ordinary principles of right living." of course. will realize the happy results of the " converted drunkard " or the " sanctified tobacco user. A person once declared that "the Lord had taken away his craving for tobacco. but the Infinite works through His own laws." It doesn't matter what notions they entertain. He had forgotten his desire in his intense religious excitement. opment." one of the symptoms of tobacco denial.ResolveJ and Thou Art Free 313 absolutely to do so. fail of achieving what is called " victory " because they rely upon mistaken ideas and and frequently these ignore the true law of these subjects. All such " cures " have been psychological. and religious is experience psychological. foster determination. and occupy the mind with absorbing thought or excitement long enough to enable the system to readjust itself.

liquid. 6. Having decided to quit tobacco. therefore. allowing them to remain for a brief period in the mouth before of solid or Chew every mouthful or bite dry food many times before swallowing. 5. has among others.' Real faith confident action toward a goal. Practise deep breathing every morning and night. But remember. tant attitude of the whole self. non-alcoholic and non-gaseoAs. — reduce the quantity if so in- Sip all liquids and other soft foods. conceived as the afiSrmatively expecis spirit. It is the one of the mightiest fundamental element in auto-suggestion. The continuation of such action measures the kind and faith supposed. 2. You are therefore invited to life make your entire thought and a suggestion to self that these directions. In conclusion we may quote from " The Culture of Courage " suggestions which make for the conquering " Faith. " • faith without is works is merely a say-so. faithfully carried out. Levy. power of termine to persevere — a thousand You should. swallowing. powers in this world. 3. Consume eight glasses of daily. Continue with tobacco as usual for two weeks. de- years if necessary. do not stop completely clined. 4. for you are yourself everlasting. between meals. the following " dic- tums " 1. But let .: 314 Destruction of Immoral Habits A book by Mac just published on curing the tobacco habit. If you feel that you are making such progress that you can cease the use of tobacco before the fixed time. keep your thoughts upon the grand benefit soon to come. if you will. Avoid foods or drinks that disagree with you. will infallibly eliminate from your nature " the habits indicated. and do not allow yourself to be dissuaded from your purpose.

it. " The soul that says. unknown to him. will ' I am going to overcome. declare I am overcoming! The thing is now being accomplished! The matter in hand is mastered. Others put bite ' into the matter in hand once for all. for determination is just doing the thing resolved upon. never achieving victory. lever. it is by so much already done in his Will. is accomplished in the con- When a man crete. Some people — and then resolve." . The only cure for reso- lution is determination. and do not ' seem to know how to let go. A valiant Will always acts : ' on a short You should.' This may seem a trifle false. and it Thou Art Free is 315 be remembered that mere resolution real only one-half resolve of determination. but it is more than a trifle true if you really mean swears the needed thing now. The leverage runs too far into the future. and a good deal of it. therefore.Resolve.' very likely fail.

progress stays In weakling loves that fondly cling. Nor like a fickle Hamlet prays For power Will may not confer. to sorry cost demur? 'Tis wise surrender crowns the king. for man the victor bays 'Tis wise surrender crowns the king. then. cherish must the gods amaze 'Tis wise surrender crowns the king. Love well thy pains! Achieve the phase Of dying which is life at spring." Our Mother Life her Old earth is children slays — but a sepulchre. — True living counts its passing days. 'Tis wise surrender crowns the king. For if thy self thy self would raise. Yet has her madness wisdom's ways That honor and develop her. Not by a globe's diameter."'TIS WISE SURRENDER CROWNS THE KING. — No God-soul after impulse strays Through time as 't poor Ophelia were. evil thing life — The Acthob. Each death decreed unfolds her praise In law of world-wide ministering: And so. What If may growth defer with death has reckoning? Why. But by the drama spirit plays To London Town from And when To itself its ancient Ur. .

such as the habit of worry. and exhaustion is the real mother of most of the ills flesh is heir to. which permeate and influence every act of life. despondent. the habit of laying undue stress on things not the most needful for the hour.the nose on his face.CHAPTER XXV 'Correction of Other Habits '*"[pMPURE thought. but which. habits which we have been Here is a man who has lived and a chance shot sentence or word lances him and reveals to him a trait which he has always possessed. slanderous thought. fault-finding. "that we have . Some people are. " Correct . slaves to the tyrant. the habit of trouble borrowing and many others." said Henry Ward Beecher. he had not the remotest idea that he possessed. " So with certain habits of body consequent on such habits of thought. Their combined effect is exhaustion. repin- is certain to make the blood impure and fill the system with disease. For forty or fifty years he has been fooling himself about a matter as plain as. "We are continually denying." I ing. indeed. Prentice Mulford. Slang Perhaps one such unconscious habit is that of slang. fretful." We now take up certain habits not regarded as impractising all our lives. forty or fifty years moral. until now. hopeless.

peddlers. " If you hear poor English and read poor English. shifts the trouble of finding any exact meaning in his (or her) conversation on the other party. is at once a sign and a cause of mental atrophy. " or cheap generic terms. It is related of a college professor that his usual manner of speaking really obscured the was so excessively elegant that he natural scintillations of a bright mind." Cultivate the society of the best speech." Hesitation of Speech It may be that the stammerer's ancestry could never get well quit of a clear statement.3i8 Style. as a substitute for differentiated specific expressions." said Richard Grant White. with the disadvantage of a vulgar phraseology. " you will pretty surely speak poor English and write poor English. but indicates its habitual usef a want of self-control. as it It is a prevalent social vice has been of times that are past." The habit may be destroyed by following the sugges- tions relating to profanity and garrulousness. W. of the time." said Dr. He stands as a type of the few uncanny and " literary fellows." One may indulge slightly in slang as an agreeable concession to a work-a-day world." Correction of Other Habits There is a golden mean. Remember vagabond that slang consisted originally of the " cant words used by thieves. It is the way in which a lazy adult " The use of slang. Holmes. he was dull where a slight admixture of the " common parlance " would have imparted vivacity to his otherwise interesting conversation. Many people can . If both talkers are indolent. beggars. all their talk lapses into the vague generalities of early childhood. O. and the classes generally.

or even one having no related significance to the end. Perhaps. Now repeat the process. but excitement causes them to sputter like a fire-hose out of which water is failing. as nearly right as may be. again. but do not pause an instant. Those who stammer. Perhaps is due to a want of " steam " sufficient to force a clear expression of thought. plunge straight through it to the close. . — any word — and go swiftly on Regime 2. except in case of physical deformity. whatever its cause. but in calm moments they make sad work of it. force yourself to say what you desire in some way. and as speaking to some person. no matter whether elegant or not. i. thrust in any word.JVill Masters the Lord of Misrule 319 make no smooth headway through a simple utterance of fact or opinion. Regime hours. Persistent practice of the sugcontrol: they speak smoothly gestions below ought to cure this difficulty. Speak as rapidly as possible. in an ordinary if tone of voice. some people do when excited or angry. and drive yourself to the finish of your account. When you have begun a sentence. without rhyme or the difficulty well reason. With real " stuttering " we have here nothing to do. Then proceed in the same manner with the next. Recall some incident of your experience or observation occurring within the last twenty-four Deliberately and rapidly recite. are but themselves at fault. resolving to employ better language with each sentence. a connected account of the entire transaction. Regime 3. Do not permit yourself to pause an instant for want of a proper word. the trouble is owing to an amount of " steam " which they do not when not disturbed.

and proceed to criticise and correct then rewrite in a better manner but with : — word of all possible speed. Will compelling the thought to march on without hesino matter what an occasional word may chance to be.: 320 Correction of Other Habits difficulty is Continue daily practice of these directions until your overcome. Recall. Commit to memory and keep in mind the following rules speak rapidly or slowly. and in an ordinary tone of voice. then. never stop for a word. if you will begin to write the opinion or account as swiftly as you can dash the pen across the page. writing the best when tempted or throwing in a dash or any which you can think word coming to mind. as required. now. thoughts in actual words greatest speed. Regime 4. I will never pause to correct a word or a phrase. read the whole. I will — . But meanwhile. You have two things to learn: to think exact . This you must learn to do. to state that opinion exactly to yourself ercise tally. Your opinion must be uttered rapidly. but always. sentence after sentence. Proceed. It will assist you. now. to hesitate. When this is done. and to think them with the Regime 5. the tation. The ex- may be varied by pronouncing the words menfall into but do not that imbecile habit of moving the lips. fierce energy. Work here also with never pausing an instant. some subject of thought on which you have an is this : opinion. Regime I will 6. one fault in your speech you do not consciously think your thought in actual words.

until you have acquired the power of rapid comprehension. will be found other on this fault. ele- Mind-wandering Elsewhere. Wandering thoughts waste the brain and they get no — " game. I will never turn back in a sentence. always proceed slowly. pertinent remarks The wandering mind is the thoughtless mind. Select some good sentence for reading. 32I I will not speak in two styles one for common life. Thought loves the highway . in Chapter XVIII. Ten notions have flitted across the field of thought." The uncontrolled brain is a fool's paradise. Thoughts are trained hounds. gant. Nothing comes of the mind which cannot stick. I will adopt a good style and always employ this.Will Masters the Lord of Misrule I will never leave a sentence unfinished. I will use the best possible language. and willing intensely to hold to its . and one for uncommon occasions. slowly carefully. I will not speak loosely. understanding every word. Resolve to keep that field clear. In reading. Regime i. Read it. and it will therefore bear further suggestions. yet simple. It would weary the intellect of a Newton to follow the wanderings of a young dog. notions climb the fences. The importance of the topic cannot be overestimated. proceeding as before. cure of mind. I will be correct.wandering is control by the Will. yet unaffected. The The practice here suggested will cure this senseless fault. fancies are puppies off for every scent. and at the same time strengthen the Will itself. and I will not converse like — a prig or a pedant. Read the sentence again.

Proceed thus to the close of the first paragraph. giving it exclusive attention. : Continue these exercises to the complete mastery of . Read the first senand ask: "What did that sentence mean and say ? " Read the sentence until you know and can tell the fact or truth in your own words. Then proceed with further reading in exactly the same way. ask yourself ? : " Why insist am I to read this matter " Find that out then . Your mental action has now "wandered. and ask " Exactly what does this paragraph declare ? " Persist in reading the same paragraph until you can relate its thought. and it will require great patience it. When about to read.322 Correction of Other Habits else. Continue the above exercise until you can confine the mind to that thought with not the shadow of another idea. with its own thought in mind. thought and nothing tence until failure Continue to read that sen- you can attend absolutely without a single to what it says. When you can read it. Your habit of long and perBut the thing can certainly be done. Remember! For what are you reading at genuinely to think. tence. take your eyes from the page and repeat it the thought not the words -^ in the best possible manner. standing. holding your- complete absorption in the matter. You will not is make much progress at the start." Go back and nothing whatever save — read the sentence again. Regime 2. A page a day which the soul bores its way into is better than a book read carelessly in one hour. upon getting what you are after. Here are all? Really to read goals which are worth untiring labor and unlimited time. then state in mental words self to its thought. severance to destroy — Regime 3.

The mind God launched across Creation's bar Hath His omnipotence great Reason's might — Garrulousness The majority of nothing. or on which I set out. it yields a transient light. While engaged in business or other mat4. pause frequently to note what you are thinking about. Dispel every fleeting fancy and uncalled notion not germane to the thing in hand.Will Masters the Lord of Misrule thoughtful reading. In — social life they are fallen logs. the worse for themselves. and then ask: "Has this any value to me? I thinking out the matter in which I am physically engaged. and not always. often saying perhaps. Compel your mind to think. They need not relate to death and the judgment. when they municative as the oyster open their mouths. ing slowly vanishing. Stand guard over your own mind. words which they afterwards wish had* been There are others who are as uncomleft unsaid. pleasant thoughts are not unlawful. but in a connected way as well.You will find your mind-wander- Regime ters. against which the stream . You will meet with many surprises. Catch yourself indulging some train of fancy. does a pearl fall to your prize. 323 . or am I merely running about in it like a puppy in a new field ? " Keep the mind upon thoughts of value. and make the verse a talisman against wandering thoughts Am A wandering mind is like a shooting star With orbit none. Cultivate a reliable and purposeful intellect. or what uttering is people talk too much. as far as possible. Commit the following lines to memory. not only thoughts of value.

to Make an iron-clad resolution to reveal no human being. Stand by it Carry it In the evening review your sucand saturate your thought with con- demnation and with fiercer determination to reform. In business they are enigmas. say. 2. Do Regime times. At the beginning of each day for.324 Correction of Other Habits of conversation dashes and from which it turns aside in sparkling agitation. when they do. You must. these stand by to the death. cultivate terseness of speech. are objects of a fellow-feeling among men and are believed to be amenable to improvement. cess or failure. The following rules will cure garrulousness. mind all matters that are of vital importance to your social and business life. You are using too many words at all This fault can be corrected. make many The friends. remember! remember! and renew the resolution on the next day. if obeyed to the letter. and. because they talk too much. labor. although They do not. Practise every day for a year the following. but the result will This is amply repay you. Remember! Remember! Remember! fail When in conversation with others. in order to improvement. as a rule. perennial objects of suspicion. run over in your You them will discover some things which you ought to keep to yourself. three months. remember!! ! If you during the day. In three months you will be master of your tongue. opposite class are numerous. not yield until you can instantly repress any impulse to speak on any subject. in mind every hour. 'Regime i. Remember! yes. recall that resolution. .

You must deliberately think in words. noting clear. A small book which is a condensation of a is be used in connection with the precedIn time. it. Repeat it. Compute the per You be astonished to observe the waste of breath and language in your ordinary conversation. Read his works carefully. your manner of speaking will have become surprisingly condensed and 4. general style of speech. Now reduce it to its lowest possible terms as a Write its definite and complete statement. of reduction. three statements. little every day. In the course of a few months you will discover two things: first. Persevere until this done.Wilt Masters the Lord of Misrule 'Regime 3. will Resolve to carry out the idea of condenyour speech. further. this practice will." We Repeat sound? If not. or even one-half. on another sheet of paper. Now write it out in full. person or event. because this effort requires the use of dictionaries and thoughtful practice with words. greatly modify your larger one may ing suggestion. making an intelligible sentence. . your vocabulary will have become larger and better. a Following the rules for memory. secondly. Regime 5. sound. Now compare the cent. How does it Is the sentence the best that you can make? improve it it. will call this statement " A. without any special effort on your part. some author whose style chaste and condensed. commit some of your author's best sentences and paragraphs. Select. Write the result on a third sheet of paper. Regime sation in all intelligent. Then determine to cut it down is one-third. 325 Think a fairly long statement concerning some object. attending to your own voice.

than the Kingdoms of Death! It done is great. which had all turned into leaves and boughs which must . — soon wither and be no forest. and cry. rush to keep late. leave the comb in her hair. an important letter an engagement an hour omit to carry his pocket-book to church. when the house is afire : " Where is theba'by?" It may and ought to be cured. all else is small. whom no Morning Newspaper makes mention of! They are the salt of the Earth. dress for an evening party without a necktie. is. the great Empire of Silence higher than the stars. 'Correction of Other Habits V afHrm that Carlyle's tumula finished globe of conventional economy in the matter of language but this Thunderer has thoughts and is recognized as a wizard with our mighty English. silently thinking. Silence. therefore . cut it will No one tuous chaos of words is . the resolute Will. silent men. secret of remedy which men confess can be broken. and live in the atmosphere of suggestion its "The great silent men! Looking around on the little noisy inanity of the world. silently working. words with actions with little meaning. if it be Every habit . The noble. each in his department. send without signature." Thoughtlessness This is the habit which causes one to miss his train. deeper . Like a forest which had no roots. Read the following. scat- worth. deeply into memory. The main of course. one loves to reflect on the great Empire of Silence. Woe for us if we had nothing but what we can show or speak. country that has none or few of these is in A a bad way. tered here and there. forget his wife's message.: 326 Regime 6.

and before you allow yourself to think of anything else. charge your mind with done. to remember whatever you ought to remember during that day. following the above direc- .Will Masters the Lord of Misrule 327 thoroughly willed that the thing must and shall be done. Do then You are fixing a habit of recollecinconvenience. The moment you think of a matter which you wish to attend to. as soon as you rise. review it carefully. Do nothing without Repeat to yourself " I know what I am full thought. You particular matter requiring attention should ask yourself concerning any " Why do I wish : remember will this thing? if I Who will suffer if I fail? Who be benefited 5. Regime i You should resolve every day until it ceases to be necessary. proceed Regime should lutely never to defer You instantly to do it." When the matter is finished. state it why it must be it when you any cost. and at almost tion. It would be better to so resolve at morning and at noon. Regime to 2. will give attention. and this is worth all Regime 4. You should begin now to give your whole mind to whatever you undertake. you should recall wherein you have failed. succeed ? " make up your mind absowhat ought to be done at some time. This one thing I do. Is it all complete? Is it exactly to your satisfaction? If not. If it it is impossible at the time. and spend a few moments in deliberate thought on the folly of this fault. At the close of the time limited. again. go back and do it over again. : doing and why. and may be done immediately.

to Regime 6. Regime ter to 8. continue until in this respect. stop all active particular matter 'Regime 10.You should puj yourself to inconvenience make good any carelessness. ters Never trust which a fair memory ought mere note-books for matNever trust to retain. Practise daily. tie no . Regime p. for three months. and important business transPut no confidence in mnemonics.You should never allow yourself to become excited. Give your whole thought to these Immediately make good your negligence. Regime 5. and never fail. At frequent intervals. until unnecessary. which you some particular matKeep the same hour This will build up a for many days. making a different route which you will follow in going to and returning from your place of business. you are master habit of obeying your own orders. Do not be hurried. . and recall any which you ought to have attended to. Then recall any matter to which you must yet attend. Correction of Other Habits This develops the habit of thinking on what you are doing. Determine every day will then attend. an3rthing else for dates actions.32S tions. efforts. during each day work. . Regime J. then change the hour. at a certain exact hour. You while trying to do another should never think of one thing except in certain habit- — uated tasks. to recall. until unnecessary.

Regime 4. Carry always with you a strong sense of Regime 2. That is to say. ! . They balance the pros and cons to weariness. Cultivate consciousness of self and self- possession. and cannot settle the matter in hand. The truth is. The — — difficulty is may be more or less constitutional overcome. make no associations (unless of Use your Will. If this is your habit that of indecision you must summon your entire strength to its destruction. " I must be calm " and decide as best you can. Under no circumstances permit If yourself to become excited or confused. and it is but vaguely that they think at all. nevertheless it Regime resolution. . But waste no energy in useless ness returns. you find either of these conditions obtaining. summons tremendous Will . At the next emergency profit by this experience. Indecision they have decided what they will do. remember. Remember always where you are and what you are doing. Compel yourself to obey that power. Regime 5. the simplest kind) as helps. they believe themselves to be engaged as indicated. their minds are confused.Will Masters the Lord of Misrule strings to 329 your fingers . defer the matter until calmIf it cannot be deferred. difiicult to There are those whose Will-power is very good when But they find it arrive at decision. i.

or any objective point. When in doubt attend to motives singly. Make the difficulty and discomfort of indecision cause for immediate resolution. put the whole mind alone. so Then Take some chances. For at least three months resolve every morning as to how you will dress. Regime 7. In examining motives force a vivid conception of each. All men must do more or less. Do not become distracted by many considerations. pause an instant. mood of coolness Regime When Learn to think of but one thing at a time. Resolve. engaged with any matter. Regime 8. Do not plan the way Proceed on your way think that you are first opportunity for varying the course. ! ! Decide grets. . Waste no time with consequent reand against. Never yield . Adhere strictly to your plan. when you start for your office. as far as may be done with your Regime p. going. Think of one at a time clearly and forcibly. never hesitate. and then of for act all together. Then rapidly review all reasons. that you will keep in mind what you are doing until you arrive. for future use. and immediately decide at the start. as nearly at once as possible. Dress as rapidly as possible. Fix the exact order of procedure. 5.330 Correction of Other Habits Store away the reviews of mistakes. Vary the order each day. at the — . upon that Regime 6. combination. think of reasons for one way or anto take this car or to other. Do this quickly.

Keep forever in mind the necessity of promptness. Regime 11. which requires intelligent comprehension. It is is a great art. which require Will. You should resolve and instantly begin to see things. Be decisive in all things. which requires attention. energy. strength of Will. You should above all learn promptness. Never dawdle in any matter. who think have opinions. Fulfil each duty exactly on time. energetic manner. by reading. The wise man he who sees what . quickness of action. In addition to hours and dates ordilife. repeat the Continue until facility in quick decision in is the matter acquired. Want People of Opinion The fundamental difficulty here is lack of thought. Do everything you undertake with keen thought and a strong feeling of power. You do not observe keenly and clearly what is going on about you. and in three ways by forced efforts. and religiously carry the letter. that of seeing correctly. You should cultivate the habit of acting a rapid. narily fixed in your tions relating to time make many artificial resolu- them out to and manner. Meet every engagement on the minute. Regime in 10. Thought can be cul: tivated only by exercise of Will. follow that street .Will Masters the Lord of Misrule 331 process. at the next opportunity. and by observation. Regime 12. Regime i.

Do not allow yourself to be diverted from this purpose. you will possess genuine opinions. for want of brains. because you will believe or know many matters. to know this subject to the bottom. Want of opinion and want of knowledge are equivalent. And you will then be eager to take another subject. you will have discovered the luxury of intelligent opinions. other people are merely looking You should deter- mine to see things as they are. So soon as they become themselves informed. You can begin upon any common object: the ground. and you will then find yourself thinking. When you have exhausted the matter as far as possible. and of the habit of forming your own. Look around ask questions read papers. People accept the opinions of others because they are aware of their own ignorance. Keep the end in view. Without brains so-called opinions are fools' quips. '332 'Correctkn of Other Habits at. household furniture. Then you will have opinions. That . books. In the meantime. the grass. and will follow it to the last more opinions. After a time you will become interested. You need will to discover wherein you are be comparatively easy. Then you must set about finding all that you can discover upon some particular subject. At the brainless person Nature wrings her helpless hands. . magazines. 2. It is a finality of despair. This means that you are to find out what they are. they decline this sort of superiority. Regime ignorant. farthing of value. Become a walking encyclopedia on this one thing.. The latter is the But there is no cure sole right remedy for the former. The result will be — Regime 3.

stands blind With open eyes His soul a world. life. is the outcome of a stubborn Will exer- The opinionated man sees himHis Volitions are not so much strong and active as set and inert. ficulty here all lies in the fact that the opinionated soul itself. views things through and magnifies its own by and personality to enormous proportions. shield . because the self has no proper outlook upon cised by a blind soul. cannot penetrate to additional phases. It is ruled subjective conditions which shut out the relations perspective of the world. While humans laugh and Nature yawns. The opinionated depends largely person is usually wrong. The Will is here more or less diseased. looks at the silver side of the it it ought to discover the other side . but the despair of man when wrong. but real understanding it and Could It it know more. . They are divine when The difright. his mind. for intuitions are not amenable to reason. different views. Certain aspects of events are presented. As woman upon intuitions. The partial. ple give it Views of peo- notions which are not real ideas because true motives of conduct are hidden. and. it when she is betrays the fault here under consideration well-nigh incurable. self supposes that its it understands things. Mistakes himself for God.Will Masters the Lord of Misrule 333 Opinionativeness This habit self only. is vague would arrive at events and persons. sooth. but cannot it do this. great " views " he spawns. That truth transcends — Such a conception of self can only be corrected by a true realization of the personality of other people. Who ne'er concedes the law of truth.

let life. you will gradually find yourself thinking of him as a real being in a real body and engaged in a real life. ple must learn to realize their fellows. practised during the following suggestions be After death your happiness will largely depend upon your power to concede to your In order to this. Above all. humanity must be made concrete and real in thought. you are not to sit in judgment upon him. them human beings are and engaged in concrete realities. selves discover reasons for views . tions. presenting various unsubstantial phenomena of life they are never bona-Me persons possessed of hearts and . No matter whether ances. fellows a legitimate place in the universe.334 Correction of Other Habits There are those who never actually appreciate the fact that their fellows are genuine existences. These peoity actual. Why should phantoms have opinions ? Themselves are real . thembrains. Select one of your friends or acquaintand study that soul with no reference whatever Learn his ways. In time you will discover that he thinks he has various reasons for his opinions. but which you are vividly to realize as facts in his life. which you are not to condemn. these elements of his life are proper or improper. This right not universal because other minds are not by them apprehended as Hence the remedy for this species of " insan" must go to the root of the dif5Sculty. his sentiments and emoto yourself. but merely to become thoroughly acquainted with his nature and character. . right or wrong. themselves are is there-- fore entitled to opinions. his thoughts and motives. Regime i. is If the habit of opinionativeness to be cured. little To more than phantoms. because that is not the thing in hand.

Yet politeness is merely the veneer of the Golden Rule. you need look upon no one inferior." you do not own the rest of man- . You have fallen into the habit of hurling your opinions at people to whom you pay no wages because you have had authority over those who receive the means of living at your hands. The person who is not polite to servants surrenders moral values. a curious thing will occur." the employee comes to be regarded as a human being in an exalted sense. sensitive and possessed of rights. the " maid. should be practised toward those with whom you deal. Such an habitual regard transfers from the ranks of servants to those of fellows. Regime 4. You have. At all times you should remember with If whom you human your isn't are coming in contact. inadequate and baseless. Regime 3. When it governs a man's life. been accustomed to deference and obedience from your employees. you would not arrogate to your opinions Whatever you do sole legality and exclusive value. Continue this study with reference to other people about you. as to "hands. Many people may be so. That rule. you will regard some of your old-time opinions as more or less confused. your idea of as it life is justifiable. indeed. in all respects. until you have formed the habit of feeling thoroughly the fact that you are dealing with living men and women. but worth while considering. Such a relation demands politeness on your part for the sake of your own dignity.Will Masters the Lord of Misrule 335 Regime 2. Were you to look upon your "help" as real beings." the " man. perhaps. When you have ceased to think of them as phantoms.

You should forever strive exactly to understand opinions opposite to your own. 7. close the present book and " gang your ain fire and the gait. fact." The pig-pen has one remedy — sword. It 6. If you do not care about this. when fully discover another person's reasons for opin- your own reasons may undergo some alteration. The opinionated person seldom understands what he contradicts. . Regime your life.336 kind. will probably not seem so huge and so unquestionably corthrust really rect. You cannot them aside as wrong unless you know what they are. A thorough knowledge of another man's thought will bring you nearer to him. Some of your mistakes have injured others. You should also recall the You have thus suffered injury. 8. perhaps you may reform a little of your cocksure attitude. The study of opposite opinions involves is the study of reasons. mistakes of If you can write this on the retina of your eye. There a possibility that. and your ideas. would diminish your infallibility if you could see the force with which reasons other than your own for differing views. Regime you ions. being then compared with his. possibly many times. Burn that into your soul. may be ventured with some as- surance that you will be able to recollect at least one such error. If once in error. Correction of Other Habits It is not " good policy " to forget this trifling Regime 5. make Regime You should occasionally recall your erIt rors in judgment.

root and branch. in quering all things. Give each a definite time for extirpation. tinized severely to ascertain their They should be scrupower and results. whether immoral or otherwise. again and again." fully Beware of the " Let a list devil's palsy of self- of personal faults be care- and deliberately made. resolve to destroy them. Frequently read it. Read this at the close of each day of battle. to be rid of them. cultivate the resolute. approbation. Continue gin at once. Meanwhile. Preserve a record of success and failure in this respect. con- Mood of Will.Will Masters the Lord of Misrule 337 Conclusion of Part IV In conclusion of the two preceding chapters. it would be well for every person occasionally to submit to selfexamination as to the reign of habits. You can be free! RESOLVE! "ATTENTION TO THE KING ON HIS THRONE I!" . Determine. until free. Then BeCarry the list with you.

Yet man with heart afire may beauty preach To him the gift of eloquence in speech! — The words of kings do largesses disburse.SPEECH All objects of creative power have speech. valley. — Such speech Till is aye for better. ocean. man evolves his blessing or his curse. In forest. — . Else how her laws might Earth her children teach How might the vaster Mother. ne'er for worse. Till Psyche waked and dared life's endless reach? The countless atoms threaten or beseech. Universe. beach All objects speak in language clear and terse. Her ancient Vedas with Lord Time rehearse. mountain. The gifts of kings do but their kingdoms nurse: Let nought unmeet thy sovran word impeach! The Authok.

Part V—Contact With Other People .

is power's secret caught. Nor holds the speech of earth in lust and might. Yet fires that purge the valley's dust and grime. nobly sought. swiftly wrought. Our words betray our blindness and the soil. and moil. The Author. And so we fain must ape them or receil. Mayhap with friends beyond etheric sight. Diviner yet to have it. Now when And and toil. Vast solitudes and yet the mob of time. But language horn for service and delight. but the burning In eloquence of life plays chiefest part The master aye of cloister or of mart. And only when high passions. With self must he companion through the night. — heart Who craves the golden tongue must lift and Know lairs of eagles and the look sublime. From labor patient comes the godlike art Of thought's conveyance. Sublime the soul. And win Drink youth's eternal waters of delight. And with high friends who own the larger sight. — . climb.ELOQUENCE With self the soul companions through the night. the world returns to day life is huge activity Supreme the task to utter gracious thought. the human soul for truth and right.

" — a thousand emergencies men have been obliged to act with quickness. at the same time. that . with caution.CHAPTER XXVI *'"W truth of an observation of Condillac. to examine subjects. and are made in so small a degree the objects of separate attention. "Power For Success. The consequence of this is." in review with — The design of this chapter is suggestive only to the author's elaborate and practical work. ing more than a language well arranged.' I perceived. and to do it " In with expedition. language and imagination. The chief difficulties of public speaking relate to thought. The art of reasoning is nothLavoisier. involved more or less in all subjects of difHcult inquiry." Power of Will is here the central consideration. W "" The Will TT in Public Speaking HILE ' engaged in the composition of my Elements of Chemistry. and the following pages have mainly to do with that factor. that the numerous minute circumstances. are passed such rapidity. better than I had ever done before. that they Professor Upham. the we think only through the medium of words and that languages are true analytic methods. and. in other words. vanish and are forgotten. Those who lack .

As Professor George H. It is not have ideas. Your first source of trouble consists in a For this deficiency there is lack of sufficient thought. but one practical remedy. When you know and opinions. study. And word "talent" must not be exaggerated. Acquiring Thought. Any person of average brains can acquire thought and extend his vocabulary. boldness. Many who would probably fail in presence of an audience express themselves with clearness. merely requiring proper cultivation. these must be woven into some actual fabric by real thinking. You should read. . can force his ideas to put on the orderly clothing of vocal practice in precision. and rarely de- mands a paragraph. The brief groupings of words which we make up in our talk furnish capital — — . never But such talents may exist without discovery. in ordinary conversation. and variety. acquiring mind with thought. and sometimes with eloquence. Brains count immensely in this matter. utterance." The constructive faculties must therefore be cultivated. for the purpose of accumulating facts. Palmer remarks : " Talking moves in sentences. . I make my little remark a dozen or two words then wait for my friend to hand me back as many more. The difference between conversation and public speaking is largely the power of sus- tained effort. It is not necessary to possess great abilities in order to speak well before others.342 The Will in Public Speaking acquire the art. Regimes I. furnishing the enough to . therefore. think. and if he has persistent determination and opportunity. but they do not contain room enough for exercising our constructive faculties. the one or the other of these talents can.

pedantic words. and that they do not belong to us. keep a good dictionary convenient for reference. now. other things being equal. Meanwhile you should seize every opportunity for practising the art of exBegin with every-day conversation. to directions as to hesitation not try to talk like stilted style as a magazine and exaggeration. strenuously as the slovenly." word for the first time we are startled. accumuwords words as the If you are pursuing the diof — all. as if a we use a We look fire-cracker went off in our neighborhood. long words. you are storing up in memory many words which are not heard You should make it your in the average conversation. while accumulating thought. Refer pression. you can talk about fore an audience. 2. Above all. Developing Language. Do Avoid the article. words in the . words.The Orator is One Who Knows it 343 be- think on any given subject. " We fall thought. and permit no word which you do not clearly understand to escape your But avoid as much as possible odd zeal as collector. At the same time you must employ your enriched store of utterance of your increased fund of This demands courage and Will. study and strive for natural. You should late a good stock of words — raw material of expression. easy expression. are equal. business to enlarge your vocabulary by a large number of unpretentious and sober-minded words. — rections previously suggested as to attention in reading and development of the power of thought. into the way of thinking that the wealthy words are " When for others. Hence. Exercising Expression. 3. the next But other things seldom difficulty consists in first a. In order to this. lack of language.

and this disturbs you. and with it some phase of life which had been lacking hitherto. you should practise thinking in terms of words. 4. aware of self before an audience. slips off the it is Then tongue with entire natours forever. You will often be surprised to discover in public speaking that the thing has suddenly . Go on with another related thought. But always should you hold in mind the effort to state with freener. In public speaking you are conscious of your own voice and gesYou should cease to be ture. Become accustomed to your own voice under conscious conditions. When alone. above frequently by thinking your way through an entire subject without the practice of speaking. Mental Speaking. Proceed immediately to improve the statement. as before. To do so. dom the exact truth or fact in the least redundant manMake this a goal. you should become perfectly familiar with yourself in the labor of preparation. Think matters out verbally. Vary the 5. The Plow of Mental Word-Using. think a sentence through.344 The Will in Public Speaking about hastily to see if any one has noticed. never for a moment to be for- gotten. But finding that no one has. Do not be content with supposing that you know an item or phase of the subject well enough." You should cultivate. and then speak it aloud. the courage of a speech which is unusual to some of your circles. In the next place. work it out mentally in words .• then repeat and improve. Do not be con- tent with mere notions about things. and may therefore pass it by. we may be emboldened. therefore. word A used three times uralness.

and it thus lacks the exactness of the one thing and the force of the other. But it is better. There is a dangerous middle between memoriter speaking and prepared extemporaneous utterance the mind labors to recall words not thoroughly memorized. you should. and at the same time. to make your arrangement of thought such 6. and at that point you will hesitate and lose control of your thought. look well to your connections and transitions. which come up naturally in thought. Let this be a rigid rule in all your preparation Plow up every inch of ground by the actual use in mind of words put together to express your thought as you wish to deliver it on the public occasion. Make sure. Recollection of thought. rather than of deliberate effort to commit to memory. or connecting links. Making Connecting Links. after all. in preparation. but you find difficulty in letting go of one and in getting into the other. and especially of some sort of logical association. strives for the freedom of the moment. Think in words to prepare. must follow as a result of your labor in thinking. It may be well to mind a few catch-words. to yourself at least. however. but memorize : . But do not try to memorize the words employed in preparatory thinking. This is because you have not thought your way through the transitions. nothing except the thought. fasten in the that. as a means of guidance when before an audience. one thing suggests another. and you do not on the spur of the moment know how to do it. vivacity and force. Frequently one paragraph follows another naturally enough. This would unsettle your public thinking and rob your speech of ease. Nevertheless. .The Orator is One Who Knows 345 become as dense as granite.

but also realize all your subjects of discussion. that you are familiar with the links between thoughts and pa'ragraphs. except Illustration. but Do call not be content with a up before the mind all ." In your plowing-up process of thought you should strive always to perceive in the mind every deYou must not only tail on which you are to speak. Resolve to learn to think on your feet with your voice in your 8. think matters out in words. it without But you must not be content with such a realization of the incident can you relate it ? You are to think it all out. with all elements of the thing in hand. if love — its emotions. incident in life without not try to talk about an becoming part of. — scribe it as seen in mind. before 7. according to directions given for that purpose. Pro" Most of us are grievously : lacking in imagination. Cultivating ears. Practice in prepared utterance will be of invaluable service to you. A further difficulty reshould cultivate this lates to the imagination. Seize every opportunity for public speaking that comes in your way. if joy — possess Do If truth — feel it. You faculty. vague picture of nature. Be equally on the alert for opportunities to speak on the spur of the moment. then. You have now an fessor Palmer well says opportunity for its exercise. 9. Working up This rule is especially applicable to illustrations. Imagination.346 The Will in Public Speaking you begin to speak. but to assure yourself that you have the ability to deseeing it — clearly and vividly. experience it. Actual Practice. not to memorize. and thus evil. which side of ourselves is the ability to go outand take on the conditions of another mind.

twigs.The Orator is One Who Knows 347 necessary details and state them in words. In thought-preparation for public speak- ing. These suggestions as to thought-preparation in words may be illustrated in the following manner: Let us suppose your audience to be a woodland lake. The shore is a clean slope of sand. you have not said : in a certain direction " This stone I gather for the purpose of hurling . On the public occasion you find thought and language ready for use . determine what salient points you will suggest to your audience. occasion. Only thus may you know that you can describe that scene. with lightning strokes. in motion. etc. and not a throwable thing upon it. Now. in You wish to set its surface waves and ripples. making a mound ready for use. such as leaves. with various objects upon its surface. But you have no materials with which to do this. that piece of bark to toss upon a . with a mands of the Observe." forehand. When you have gotten it clearly into language. you are simply to assure yourself that you know and can express thought on a given subject. merely sketched. . pieces of bark. by striking one of these objects here and there. You then manipulate that material in the manner best adapted to the end sought. they delight in painting. Avoid the photographic style remember that those to whom you are speaking possess some imagination they resent an opposite assumption. given general purpose in view. leaving particulars to be determined by the de- and that clump of soil to cause a particular You do not arrange these details beYou gather abundance of material. You therefore gather such material from any distant source. given leaf kind of wave. a reality which you have . you are not to memorize in any arbitrary way.

Make sure. hard work in preparatory thinking. causes your heart to pound in your breast. as it were. of details. Here is a curious thing. . therefore. The answer was By getting a hundred nights of delivery back of me. is that of fear of the audience. See that crowd of people. Many and they speakers cease preparation with a general fail outline of the subject in hand.348 The Will in Public Speaking because you have gathered them and they are separated from surrounding materials. but the multitude of ordinary men and women shortens your breath. fill the mind with abundance of thought which has been thoroughly cast into words and sentences. You are not afraid of any particular individual in the audience. prior to facing you do not become familiar with your audience it. out of raw cotton. of reaching the highest mark of eloquence because they are poor in material. perhaps. This is slovenliness. for instant employment. " When Nestor stood before the Greek generals and counseled attack upon Troy. Overcoming Stage-Fright. so to speak. As a matter of fact they have at that point merely gotten ready for honest.' Wendell Phillips was once asked how he acquired his skill in the oratory of the Lost Arts. You must keep it and the coming occasion constantly in mind while making preparation. and dries up the secretions of your mouth. however. above all. . loosely placed. have a care for the connections. he said: ' The secret of victory is in getting a good ready. and. The difficulty which seems most prevalent. here and now see it clearly First. till you are compelled to fashion words.' " : ' 10. The difficulty is three-fold. look well to your illustrations.

— — Changeless resolution is necessary in all preparation. Thirdly. frightened as you are skull . Then think out your subject in words addressed mentally to that sea of upturned faces. It is in the concrete act of speaking that youi' trouble begins. let You must avail yourself of every opportunity for public speak- occasion the better. Analyze your success.The Orator and is One Who Knows 349 vividly. you are. continue this practice. whether or no. do. difficult the The more a chance slip. your force of spirit evapoand you cannot command your preparation. You must summons Will to the mastery of all difficulties. you will be doing vastly better than seventy-five per cent. and make sure of your forte. Remember forever that you don't look half as much your that the people do not gaze into you fling in a word with meaningless desperation now and then they will not. laugh the discomfiture off and seize the next opwill not remember it forever portunity. and. in a sense. Never Fore fend against surprises by preparing for all occasions wherein you may be called out if it is possible or secure the floor. At . You suppose yourself ready for the trial. of your auditors could . Discover why you failed. Follow with the persistence of the foxhound the determination to win. people Whenever you fail. But is merely a matter of sticking to a purpose. suddenly becomes flabby. ing. You are afraid of man. know the fact and that. and profit by experience. ninety-nine cases in the hundred. you are not in good practice. Don't be a bore to avoid it but. you are lacking in good Will-power. if you do not absolutely fail and fall flat (and you will not if you fiercely will otherwise). — . the latter does not exhaust the difficulties. Your Will This rates. Secondly. that if .

Sacred Rhetoric in Andover Theological wrote : " When President Lincoln Was I once inquired of what was the secret of his success as a popular debater. for an audience suffers under a public collapse. he replied. Storm the Resolve to win on the spot. — II. Take time to get a — your occasion. you will warm up after a little. Will to stand to it •then and there. tism you possess. situation. Will to keep your mental vision on a . when the people are weary and your enthusiasm is low don't speak. Resolutely appropriate the occasion as willfully use it your own.350 The Will in Public Speaking this point bull-dog determination is required. Believe that fact. Put your thought into carefully chosen words be in no hurry proceed with deliberation enough to gain self-control and keep it. If you get on the track nicely. deserve defeat before uttering a word. Mentally defy the entire crowd. . thought ahead." If any fails one looks weary. the speaker should have confidence in and respect for his audience. feeling of collapse at the start. ignore that person as an imbecile. If the right word may you. Fetch up all the egoKeep good send-off Fiercely challenge all foes. and as such. ' always assume that . everybody desires that you should do well. Confidence in Audience. Keep faith in yourself. If you are called upon to speak at a late hour. and your audience will come to your assistance. or as meaningless as printers' " pie. Cleave to the friendly face. throw in another as nearly right as be. Pro- fessor of Seminary. though it be that of a fool. Look the people straight in the eyes. Remember. Both in preparation and in delivery. Austin Phelps. cool at the outset. it is Do not Don't permit a Put Will at the fore.

Lincoln was conscious of respect for the intellect of his audience. effort to say the most sensible thing. you inspire others with Could anything be more efat least similar emotions. Courage. He could not know how these two things affected the respect of his audience for him.The Orator is One Who Knows 351 my many things wiser than I am. he got a hearing. your majesty. scarcely had I . but ever Recollect undeserving of their misfortunes. even when attacked by his sovereign. he was obeyed. they have been. " Take care. take care what you are about. In the author's work " The Culture of Courage" will be found practical directions spirit." audience are in I say the — The mind that would influence others 12. by public speech must be fearless. a Hungarian patriot. scription of his own appeal to his people " Reluctant to present the neck of the realm to the deadly stroke which aimed at its very life. he was understood. and most sensible thing I can to them. But he saw that." And the Baron would not apologize for this bold defense of his family's honor. say what he might in that mood. and manfully to fight the battle of legitimate defence. that many of your family have been unfortunate. If you have great feeling in the beliefs you present." " Unfortunate. their trust in him as their superior. and anxious to bear up against the horrors of fate. and their inclination to obey him on the instant when they felt the magnetism of his voice. fective than the following from Louis Kossuth's de13.' Two things here were all that Mr. Profound Convictions. Baron Wesselenyi. and the. for the development of a courageous Said the Emperor of Austria to Baron Wessel- enyi.

freedom or death Thus they spoke. mute.352 The Will in Public Speaking spoken the word florins. It is the power behind the man that makes for effective oratory. The successful speaker should have force in his style. m' . A burning tear fell from my eyes. and. as I bow now before you. or slapping the hands loudly toby inflection. . . not by mere loudness of voice. and there they stood in calm and silent majesty. And for myself. solemnly said. bastic oratory is passed...000 men. scarcely had I added that the defence would require 200. but the grandeur of the moment and the rushing waves of sentiment benumbed my tongue. bowing low before the ! ' majesty of my people. ' We grant it. hall. and 80. The day of Audiences stilted like and bomand demand the most direct kind of speaking possible. it was my duty to speak. gentlemen. more shouting liberty or death ! Holding the Audience. a sigh of adoration to the Almighty Lord fluttered on my lips. speechless. change of pitch. I heard the millions of ' native land once 14. Grenville Kleiser. beaming from the eye. awaiting what further word might fall from my lips. . A speaker of real power must learn to emphasize his important thoughts. . says on this subject: "A public speaker should cultivate a conversa- tional style of address.000. but rather dicious pausing. I left the tribunal Pardon me my emotion — the shadows of our martyrs my " ' silently. ju- and by other intellectual means. the power speaking on the tongue. passed before my eyes. A popular instructor in public speaking. and lifting their right arms towards God.000 of — when the spirit of freedom moved through the and nearly 400 representatives rose as one man. nodgether. but the force of earnestness and sincerity. ding of the head. Not merely the force of loudness.

from first to last. Mood of Will. and urging the whole man on" ward. In the entire subject. right onward to his object.The Orator is One Who Knows 353 forming every feature.' You can make your every day affairs your contact with individuals or with groups — — precisely the you seek for acquiring this power to hold men while you are addressing them. keep at the training ground fore the strong sonality. the sense of resolute persteadily Hold the mind : upon the motto of 1 these pages " I RESOLVE TO WILL ATTEN- TION!!" .

Earth. error's name for Best Estate." Shall win brave Kingdoms to thy Will elate If Good Soul do but scorn their wizard ban? On thee. the Master. this Golden Prophecy: The Throne to him who forces Destiny! — The Author.KNIGHTED. I sing the Call of Courage. Trust thou nor Opportunity nor Pate: The one. " I can. a mere detail in Nature's Plan. Sir Knight. they fawn and wait! Law of Accident or Birth. Gift of Fortune by Divine Decree. life's perennial Knight. Honor. Sir Any Man. Oh. . see. The other. Worth. I sing no No The world-wide Call of our old Mother. Complainerl Knovfst thou not the oath. Heed thou.

" **TrF you would work I either know his nature — The preceding shown to directions self. and so persuade him. and so lead him. hand makes mightily for success in the contact " I have heard an exwith others. Its subject will be treated further in the volume on " The Personal Atmosphere. and so awe him or those that have interest in him. and illustrations relate to is is the control of one's Will-power well. outset we may observe certain broad prin- sible to Without exception. him. This chapter deals with plain matters. these principles are posthe large and determined Will." and these will in part appear in the discussion of that work. According to it your Will-faith. or his weaknesses and disadvantages. so be General Principles Genuine belief in the Principle Belief." There are many things in our life that are not elucidated by what some are pleased to call " Common Sense. and so govern Francis Bacon. you must and fashions. Said Emerson First — thing in : . or his ends.CHAPTER XXVII Control of Others on any man. At the ciples. constantly embrace others as Here one of the most interesting of modern subjects of inquiry.

356 Control of Others perienced counsellor say. For my part. his unbelief will appear to the jury. Choose. This is that law folded their lips even to indignation. Friends and comrades he said. on that side are toil. sets us in the same state of mind wherein the artist was when he made it." Second Principle ish adventurer. It was this conviction which Swedenborg expressed.' So saying. each man. that he never feared the effect upon a jury of a lawyer who does not does not believe unbelief. what best becomes a brave Castilian." And they followed him. the Span- with one vessel and a few followers where the greatest dangers and suffering had been endured. That which we do not believe. of whatever kind. and will become their whereby a work of art. he on the sand from east to west. was offered relief by an on the island of Gallo. turning towards the south. There lies Peru with its riches. when he described a group of persons in the spiritual world endeavoring in vain to articulate a proposition which they did not believe. is large factor in the matter. Then. the drenching storm. though they twisted and despite all his protestations. it ' ! " ' . left — Confidence. Pizarro. ease and pleasure. hunger. here Panama and its poverty. nakedness. he stepped across expedition from Panama. I go to the south. but they could not. we cannot adequately say though we may repeat the words never so often. A prime element in personal influence is confidence. traced a line with ' Drawing his sword. desertion and death on this side. believe in his If he heart that his client ought to have a verdict. Third Principle practically — Enthusiasm. it. : Enthusiasm is also a Samuel Smiles wrote very " There a contagiousness in every ex- . the line.

resenting the imposition. . and went headlong against them." Man may be controlled in an ignoble way by studying and minister: A ing to his weaknesses.The Golden Rule Wins Empires 357 ample of energetic conduct. ever the motive of fear ceases to restrain them. called upon the Spaniards Putting spurs to his horse. however. in a moment they dashed after him. ward. but a noble use of self-mastery has sublime privilege in exerting good influence over the weak spot and the foible of humanity. he leaped the abattis which protected the French front. throw off the yoke. a young was broken and in named Havelock. Fifth Principle — Motives. who said of Hampden was supreme governor over his passions. when the Spanish centre officer. whensteady and purposeful." Fourth Principle tery of self. men discover their degradation in manipulated weakness. to follow him." recent author quotes a good " He remark of Qarendon. influence over his fellows depends The character of man's upon the motives which he suggests for their action. flight. is : Hence the secret of a large control of others fomid in the moral mas" Keep cool. and with one shock they broke through the French and sent them flying down hill. Thus Napier relates that at the combat of Vera. waving his hat. The Spaniards were electrified . is In either is instance the strong man that one whose Will Sooner or later. and you been well written command everybody. The brave man is an inspiration to the weak. and. cheering for 'El chico bianco!' (the fair boy). and compels them. sprang for- to follow him. and. It has — Self-Mastery. and he had thereby great power over other men's. as it were.

. but he could also perceive good qualities. virtues. in come the controlling force swayed thousands by the goodness. — Nero ruled Or. . to express the result of his observations. every shade of character. and laying open that which they were most anxious to conceal. at once to the most intimate secrets. StJ^th Principle — Insight. he had invented a language scarcely intelligible to any one but himself . There seemed to exist no He came political enigma which he could not solve. or tortuous proceedings could escape his penetration . Of Mirabeau it control of others motives and discover " It was by was said : The same instinctive penetration that easily detected the feelings of the assembly." This ability may be successfully cultivated. ceas- ing so soon as fear disappears. qualities. love may be— Jesus personal loyalty inspiration of is His Divine In the one case influence its coercion. at a glance. disguised ambition. in the other case motives of fidelity are multiplied. or vices halves and quarters — — and. . and his sagacity alone was of more use to him than a multitude of spies He detected in a moment in the enemy's camp. he could per- ceive every real or apparent contradiction. Mirabeau so and so often embarrassed his opponents by revealing their secret motives. energetic and no man had a higher esteem for and virtuous characters. and.Z5^ Control of Others multitudes by fear One may dominate Rome as a buffoon and a madman. . or assuming such power as to break in desperation with own dictates. demands the ability to penetrate their their plans. No form of vanity. and they become stronger as love's gracious spell continues. had terms to indi- cate fractions of talents.

There is a divine reason in humanity which makes it amenable to the kingly sway of sincerity. Not a few individuals in high positions to-day there are whose chief The native capital is their unblemished manliness." Men are not all selfishness. That power of Will which can compel one to be polite. but also for the reason that they saw in the silent commander an actual man. In the long run. or by the sense of right to which appeal is made for alliance. with culture and political machinery behind him. Saul among was simply fantastic David was a real argument for a king and a throne. because. patient. spect is considerate. life reciprocates with those who do unto others as they would that others should do unto them. luminously cheerful. The people put faith in Grant. or by suggestion of highest self-interest as a reason for loyalty. vigor of down-right honesty creates a current of attraction which it is hard to resist. reality and righteousness. a large and agreeable spell upon our fel- It is not to to put a premium upon what be understood that these suggestions seek is called " policy. helpful. is sure to cast lows. 359 in- Principle — Cooperation. When a soul succeeds in convincing others that it is genuinely possessed by an eternal truth or principle. because in this man burned the cords the Jews . unquenchable fires which blazed in the heart of the .The Golden Rule Wins Empires 'Seventh strength. the Infinite steps in and ac- him a public coronation as leader. was no match for Lincoln. The best rule in the control of others is the Golden Rule. Stephen A. of manifest ability. no doubt. Douglas. from Permanent fluence over others flows The the enlistment of their supremest individual power in this re- gauged by the pleasure which it offers as inducement to surrender.

360 North. These historic dramas are huge representaIn the tions of smaller affairs in every community. for he sometimes fails severe. What is the secret of the power which cowes the wild beast. sway is certain and permanent — in a modified sense at times. Cromwell's Will made him " Ironsides. Other elements of explanation fear. compelling its eye to wander from the steady gaze of man? What bows the stubborn purpose of the would-be criminal when confronted by the resolute "in that deadly Indian fearless gaze of his victim hug in which men wrestle with eyes " ? What maintains the mastery of family. position or ecclesiastical backing." Wil- liam of Orange competed with the subtlety. school. If its — The resolute Will itself is throned in righteousness. but not infre- quently with limits outlasting the span of its possessor's life. to be sure. to inspire affection. and won a lasting influence which the Spanish king could not destroy by power of wealth. Eighth Principle is leader Will-Power. by Nature's choice. It is personality centered in unyielding Will-power. Here the Will. for his among . Yet it seems true that not all such control is ex- on the theory of plain means and methods. It Control of Others Old Abe was the " Little Giant " against " Honest " and the great slavery-hating States. fullest sense. when some plicable — quiet spirit walks ways their inmates? It is not alpunishments may not be unduly It is not always love. patience tireless pertinacity of Philip the Second. prison." rose to grandeur and assumed the robes of prophet and deliverer. that years before had shaken its clenched fist at the " Institution. a strong Will for control of others is a and right Will.

but a till Messieurs. he replied : what should be done in case " Do as I am doing. When asked. against his Will no one can be hypnotized without he . I claim you for my is friendship. The phenomena of now h3rpnotism are familiar." figure as a Tribune of the Victor Hugo remarked: "The Waterloo was won by a captain of the second class. It is distinctly asserted that " no one can be hypnotized . during Waterloo. speaking at Marseilles. was called " calum- — niator. battle of ishreds Of the hostilities of many Bonapartes." He said. am your master. of his death." The Will of Mirabeau was phenomenal." But. assassin.The Golden Rule Wins Empires 361 are frequently possible. like a battery. my uses. "I wait." In men the static Will exhibits the Gibraltar on which is fortified mind in action. Hugo. scoundrel. but there are dominant minds whose only explanation is themselves. was here biased by the Napoleonic tradition. Wellington's campaigns were skillfully planned and carried out with a pertinacious patience calculated to wear to Wellington. and who wrote the greatest work of prose fiction that has been produced for an hundred years. who set out to be the greatest man of his time. either to overwhelm or to win. power such as you would People." And the thing even so. liar. It is a power seemingly capable of achievements by means that are superior to It discharges. " His whole person gave you the idea of an irregular power. these amenities be exhausted. ordinary appeals." Here was the culmination of a madman coming into «I that spirit which could say to his presence with the remark. my following." " Kill me? Very odd. without gesture. it speaks: "I resolution. by sheer Unseen. as it may be said. am such sent to kill you. Mirabeau.

dexterity in avoiding disagreeable matters. with the bring about the subjective state. constitute a source of real personal magnetism which has its illustrations every- where in our life. (contrary to the opinion of some) do not make good sensitives. tions of the like kind.362 Control of Others complies with certain conditions and does his part to To be hypnotized weak-minded people in no respect shows a weakness." . if you can readily make him feel as you feel think. the ability to present pleasing motives for action by others. together with indomitable Will not to lose control of self and forever doing to keep success in mind. and qualifica- The real secrets of results of '* personal magnetism" are to be found not only in yourself. But here is the secret of " personal magnetism. a right personal mosphere." average social and business success. varying in strength according to the impetus imparted to it at the time of its creation. "Every thought created by our mind is a force of greater or lesser intensity. The person hyp- may have a very much stronger Will than the operator." Hypnotism thus seems to depend largely at least upon prearranged conditions. but as well in the " other fellow " . ability to hypnotism notized maintain a certain passivity as to results. without suggesting the fact to and think as you him that you are Hence the precepts of so. the most susceptible subjects are intelligent people having strong minds and Will-power." One is truly magnetic who establishes the best condition of with whom he comes in contact. is not a conflict of Will-powers in which the stronger overcomes the weaker. mind among those Here arises the necesat- sity for a good personal address. you are " magnetic. a plausibility of argument.

Keep unpleasant opinions to yourself. to a man his wife. 4. reported to them. Never betray envy or jealousy. political and religious matters. business. in their presence.The Golden Rule Wins Empires Suggestions 363 The rately great subject of personal magnetism is elabo- and practically set forth in the author's work. Indulge in no sarcasms. Never relate an3rthing which might not with propriety be repeated to a lady just introduced to you. Never make a joke that hurts any one present or absent. parent. 3. 5. to the child nor to any person a relative or friend. to a parent the child. and make sure that you disclose the motive of a well-wisher if you must utter 1. 9." to which the student is referred. 11. 6. if instantly about others which you must know 8. Though the matter seems simple enough in theory. you are talking in these respects. it will tax your perseverance to the utmost to carry it out to practical results Never show temper. cause enmity against you or injure Never criticise their interests. 2. When conversing with others make sure with whom to 10. if this can with honesty be avoided. to a wife her its husbcmd. Make no remark will. you are on the highway of agreeable and satisfactory relations with your fellows. the facts. and in regard all social. . Make no remark make about others which you would not instantly 7. If you will make the following suggestions a part of your working capital. Tell no man an uncomfortable truth. "Power for Success.

habit. Put a heart into your handshake. Ride your hobby in the back yard. 13. 31. Never get into an argument in a parlor nor on the street." — 21. 20. If fulfill it. Never order people about. The sneer the devil's laugh. Be Be absolutely honest everywhere. 17. 14. 27. 18. Permit yourself to sneer at nothing. At least con- ceal the feeling like a death's-head. Make your word good Never dodge a creditor. Control of Others Make no promise Then without knowing that you can promptly. Never rub a man the wrong way. 19. 33. 32. Your clerk is no dog. foible. explain to the person involved. 24. fail not. 25. tell them as you see them when good sense and kindness allow. lusty boy ? Carry the Golden Rule on your sleeve. . How about your barking dog? your thrum- ming piano ? your 22. 26. Be as courteous to " low " as to " high. dress. See things as they are. 16. 15. is Never laugh at weakness. Don't be a bore. Permit other people to have views. 30. Never hold any one in contempt. Be considerate of the rights and feelings of others. gracious and accommodating. you can- not. 34. ridicule speech. Never Never ridicule a man's pet theory nor a woman's a person's walk. Cultivate generosity of pocket and of thought.3*54 12. Never contradict an irritated person. 23. 29. 28.

Not much. hold the purpose in view. go away. a tax-collector. You are exceedingly lovely. a lawyer's clerk. like the rest of womankind." 39. 36. a physician or a messenger of death.The Golden Rule Wins Empires 35. never interrupt a speaker. nerves. In discussions. You are only a ticket-agent. Never insist upon doing business with a person who evidently does not wish to see you unless you — are a policeman. . One who will not hear your views is not worth the trouble 41. when he feels better. Never pass judgment upon others without mentally " putting yourself in his place. or keep silence. a all. if bank teller. "To win. a purser." 38. of excited conversation. 40. 43. 365 On sixty dollars a month don't browbeat the steamboat after people. yet makes an effort to be out of his presence as quickly and pleasantly Go again as possible. — blunders — a 37. Never antagonize others unless principle de- mands. first Never utter that judgment unless you are con- vinced that this will accomplish some good or satisfy the reasonable demands of a definite principle. to be sure yet just woman bones. you are to treat the public as though you were a lord. distilled wonder of imperial blueblood. Don't stalk along the street as though you were superfine. nor If you cannot speak talk in a loud tone of voice. a sheriff. angelic. blood. a hotel clerk. A good deal if you are decent. And then. weaknesses and . If your polite. get man is busy. not to alienate. Preface all statement of difference of opinion with a conciliatory word. without interruption. 44. Never permit your general opinion of a person to blind you to his good qualities. 42. fat.

Cultivate the ability. 52. Don't criticise or condemn matters into which you have never delved to discover merits or demerits. Don't sell a man what he doesn't want. fret- 56. 49. either real or fancied. Bear in mind that a friend is always worth more than an enemy. 47. Don't try to down a man who knows more about a subject than you do. Don't launch a project until you have looked on every possible side of side is it. Sometimes the unobserved the one where the cave-in starts. " don't 57.366 Control of Others 45. Don't ask a favor from a person whom you it is haven't treated properly. in dealing with others. Don't try to conciliate a pig . Don't try to 46. Always grant a favor if reasonably possible. either concerning others or relating to 58. Don't sell a 48. . Don't have super-sensitive feelings that are cut by every zephyr of jest. your own tell affairs Don't things " before they are ripe. to turn aside cutting remarks. 53. How can you say whether it is right or wrong when you don't know its real or pretended principles ? 54." Often- times green ttiay-be-so's later cause mental indigestion. man an inferior article which he believes to be a superior. 59. let do business with a madman. " Grudges " and ill-feelings toward other men wreck havoc in the brain substance. 55. it is always best to him alone. or a continual what somebody said or did. Don't try to fool people whose business people. Remember Carlyle's " great silent men — tell everything you know. ting about Be above petty jealousies. 50. to know 51.

Treat every man. sure that your way is best before insisting upon Defer such insisting until you have won over the other person. 61. all condescension.The Golden Rule Wins Empires 367 60. woman and child as though you were just about to confer a great favor but — avoid 62. A bad word is like a mule's hind feet. . and you know not when the boomerang may return. Make it. this is not expensive. it will wait years for its one chance and it usually gets that — chance. Always use pleasant words .

the day and the self is a breath Of the Infinite Breather outgoing. as it liberty 0. Woo the deity well with your love it and your own. And a woe to the world if you vanquish. the Tvill of a child is a god in the soul. And the light of a star. Give freedom to come to its And the man shall have power's perennial youth. . — — The Authos. For the will is the self.f THE WILL OF THE CHILD O. self as a sovereign power reveals feels By so much of the God undefiled As it selfhood perceives. the will of a child is the wings of a bird. On when the will topples down to its death Comes But the disaster surpassing all knowing. be wise with the will of a child. and the love-song heard In a life's most miraculous hours. Would you banish from air all the wonder of night? Would you exile all beautiful things f Would you make of youth's morning a Stygian night Would you plunder love's crystalline springs? O. And the fragrance and color of flowers. truth. And the woman shall honor her throne. When the gods that are human surrender control All that's human in living shall languish.

. . the aim is suggestion rather than exhaustive discussion. and that the happiness of the individual and of the race so largely depends upon its development and intelligent *^'\ w "Y . or painters. guidance. but the culture of the child's Will. to be we are not born to be engineers." A. But in most people this native sympathy is either dormant or blind or irregular in its action. and above all to The very fact that this be intelligently directed. its growth may be fostered by favorable conditions and that it may be made certain and reasonable in its action. to be cultivated. or musicians. or sculptors. instead of being left blind and faltering. its actual life the young child is little more than an animal. it needs to be awakened.CHAPTER XXVIII ^°"^ to ^^ educators. instinct is so very strong. — The thought of In In this. Native capacity for teaching is therefore more common than native capacity for any other calling. as . The -^ Child's Will T ^^^ ^^^ parents. 24 . as it surely Principal James will be without rational cultivation. the present chapter is not juvenile education. and all but universal. gives greater force to the demand that . . McClellan. It is endowed with a Will because it is an animal. .

the Will has no significance. It is. certain basal requirements are to be noted That the parent or teacher understand at least somefar as what of child-nature in general.: : 370 It is The Child's Will it endowed with reason because is a moral animal. to be remembered that treatment of the child's Will cannot be reduced to prescribed and specific rules. or instinct. is the permanent welfare of a moral being. therefore. That correct methods be employed in culturing the child's Will. and the moral nature becomes possible in the self-disposing Will. Man is justified in his moral nature. tion in its The Will of At the outset. moreover. reason is impossible. Specific rules would obscure rather than settle the problems involved. At this point appear some Common Errors First Error: That the child's Will should be conformed to a certain standard set up by parent or teacher. the human animal finds sole explanamoral intelligence. Without reason. reason has no purpose. Without moral nature. middle and last idea in all Will-training of the child. Without the Will. The first. That the parent or teacher understand possible the particular child in hand. then. This for two reasons Child-nature and child-Will are individual. This implies a making over of original na- . as That the parent or teacher possess a right Will.

is The one justifiable goal of enforced obedience the Will Will in the child taught to will the right thing. no one will wish to " break " it. and to be replaced by a better. cannot be with you. that is. and. to wreck at the is start the child's chances of success. Second Error: be the fu- of and upon some power of that Will as a human function. indissolubly related to — its — indicated by itself. The sole intrinsic value of obedience is found in the child's Will . nor assault in the results of obedience disconnected from Will. connected with a good or bad set of machinery. The true question is this: What is the peculiar Will-character of this particular child? Or how can this particular Will be improved? The child's individual Will is its personal motive-power. If the Will properly understood. To "break the Will" is to destroy the soul's power of self -direction . and therefore cannot be conformed to any standard not if is modeled. It is not like a boiler in a factory. or reIt is a living thing. and mental mechanism. 371 but it Original nature can be cultivated and improved. The ture adult's success depends upon his own kind broken. except in the spirit of resistance. that is merely coerced is not with you. In other words. so long as coercion lasts. Teaching the child obedience does not demand an upon its Will. That the child's Will should " Breaking the Will " is a heresy against nature of things and a crime against man. A enforced obedience does not in itself strengthen Will. always determines the final results.Let the Child Prophesy Fair ture. it does not reside in obedience itself. either with the calm resistlessness of an iceberg or the fierce clash of arms in battle. Enforced obedience . Will. it is the mind's power this mind's power to determine. not satisfactory.

: . its own im- culture it to symmetrical conditions. The more difficult the case. and kind. 372 The Child's Will may lead to reflection and discovery of the rightful- ness of commands. and thus strengthen the Will indirectly. lead to such disit is covery. or may not. then. Here may be given The Maxim patient of Best Child Training Force. worse than useless. the more urgent the maxim. Do Do not. but a greater lesson value of reason. teacher must possess reason able — be Will. then a positive the nature and injury to the child. patiently train not try to break the child's Will seek its intelli- gent development. application of this maxim must always depend upon the nature of the individual child. and willing to show the same child's with self-control and confidence in reason's power. Will as an unspeakably Do give not relegate the child's Will to chance methods it a thoughtful and deliberate education — the education of a Prince Royal of the Blood. education involves Such an . The to wit The parent or reasonable — and be it. If it is it does not. sparing. physical or other. nevertheless. and the greater the demand that grows out of its application. Do pulses not leave the child's Will-action to . The child should be taught the is nature of law. child's Always regard the holy thing. reason. attempt to conform the . abundant.

Is this act wise? Is — satisfactory consequences to yourself? Example — the desired picnic. it is concrete. but in a way to encourage rather than to harass 1. the developing process Third. or Is it likely to be followed by 4. the training process Second. Is this Example — way to do handling a saw or a left act complete? done? apron. 3. or Judgment. so that its own judgments may be saturated with the feeling of reasonableness and may impel corresponding volitions. It is not an abstract problem. Example this — making Have you a toy nothing un- or stitching an your best act your best? Example your best manner. Reason Will requires for its perfect training an atmosphere of reason. principles. child's The The first basic principle is Reason. it : — Is this act correct? Is this the correct the thing in hand? needle. the process of symmetry. recitation. on analysis. which should be kept constantly before the child's mind. FiEST Process of Will-culture — Training power of Will as now This branch of Will-culture has reference to the possessed. or tardiness at school. to be broken up into certain questions. This principle of reasonableness attaching to Willacts comes. . 2.Let the Child Prophesy Fair 373 Three Fundamental Processes First. Such problem involves two basic and Interest.

or the It is way of doing a particular thing. Where. Try the following questions thing? mon object: What is this Where is this How is this thing? thing? thing? thing? When Whose is this is this . " " Why must I do this at some particular place?" : — Similarly in a different series. intel- all sharp openers to the young because perfectly in harmony with own activi- Example A command has been given . Whose lect. and creative ganglion of interrogations.374 5. its When. Here is a huge opportunity. primary that arousing the child's understandThe average child is an animated its Will. — — Why. child's intellect It will astonish also be employed by you to discover how the can be electrified by the touch of the may interrogative. ties. It may be seized by means of a few ing enlists familiar questions What. as the following: "How "What " must I do this?" "Where must I do this?" "fFA^wmustldothis?" " What rmst Idol" "At Whose desire or for whose interest must I do this ? " will be the consequences of this act?" What will be the consequences of omitting this act? " " What experience have I had in similar cases ? " This general suggestion the teacher. How. It will unearth ignorance thus seen to as to any com- be unnecessary both in the child and in the parent or teacher. the child's mind proceeds to enquire " Why must I do this ? " "Why must I do this in a particular manner f" " Why must I do this at a prescribed time?. Is The this act Child's Will understood f Example — the lesson.

It had never weather warmer? occurred to the teacher to ask that question.Let the Child Prophesy Fair 375 Why The to its is this thing? the child is too largely compelled to disthe necessity for such questions. life." A ing a school. unintelligent teaching with which the child has to contend. or to why should know what is at a child how of square feet in a certain wall. rule. " visitrays are direct. — . is left fact is. is Adults do not understand or think. I asked another child why summer is warmer than winter. This is the rough-and-tumble education of The amount of enormous. hundreds of feet how should you find it at the bottom warmer or colder than at the top? ' None of the class reply'I'm sure they know. the teacher said: think you don't ask the question quite rightly." says Professor James. he said : ' Suppose you should dig a hole in the ground. It had never occurred to the teacher to go beyond the rule Then I asked. she asked : ' In what contry. taking the book. Let me So. but I ing.' deep. She answered. she would ascertain the number She repeated the " Why do you multiply the numnumber of feet on the other or longer side?" She did not know. notwithstanding the greater distance of the sun. ber of feet on one side by the with the child. " Because in summer the sun's " But why does that fact make the " She did not know. was asked to examine a young class in geography. at home and at school. teacher the water out of the well the child be expected to do so. Glancing at the book. cover for itself own impulses for their asking and their answers. why should the child understand and think? does not draw the bottom? I asked all The . " friend of mine.

It is — the imperative that Will-training be conducted on the lines of morality. The absence of ethical quality on the part of the parent or teacher.' is The in a condition of igneous In this case the prime fault lay with the writer of the geography or the school committee. and of the undermines the foundation of commands. child. child Never dominate the —" Do as I tell you. you have better reasons. right? Is it right because I have sug' or because of a higher law ? Example use of certain words. or of exaggeration. If." 376 The Child's Will ? ' dition is the interior of the globe and received the im: ' mediate answer from half the class at once interior of the globe fusion. 6. the basis of Will-training in the child is reason or understanding. and confuses the whole question of any right use of the Will. But a teacher or a parent ought to break into pieces the usual forms of instruction that come the child's way. Understanding involves action of the reason." it is command has no better support. The child's reason is an acute questioner and If clare them." with that inexcusable " Because I say so. destroys confidence. . Make doubly sure that tHe child understands the nature of things as taught and their main purpose. in Will-culture. a species of bullying. Is this act it. certain attitudes common at home and tyranny If the in the school require condemnation. trains the Will. now. but will not kindly deyour command is a sure bidder for future anarchy. No marvel that tasks set to the child's Will train it only imper^ — fectly. leaves the child without a sense of authority other than that of force. without direct gested effort. and thus.

and hold to purpose after all interest save that of ideal. always a prime factor of the right Will. but the method is sure to justify in a better power and quality of Will-action. It obeys. its interest must be excited. all it is command seems necessary. bility as its ideal. or won. Your reasonableness will develop its faith. perceive its the correctness of an act. The child. nothing is If it is won. inevitable. its present possi- A moral rightness. its an wisdom and duty has waned. for In interested mind. Will trained through interest becomes finally a Will that can plod at the goading of necessity or dreary duty. expressed desire will be doubly efficient.Let the Child Prophesy Fair judge. is arbitrary. . the reasons which your desire can be urged upon the child's atand will ultimately win the thing you ought engagements of the child's reason. 277 but inwardly rebels because its master Will is thus demoralized by nursed and secret resistance. The child ought never to be compelled to act or Will blindly. If it is forced. To win the child's Will. Even when the direct make it tention. This requires infinite trouble and patience. and its Never put off an answer to the child's questioning for the reasons connected with a command. however. to wish — a willed obedience. much strengthened and trained. Such Will-attitude must either be forced. an awakened mind is an may. Seldom draw on the child's Will in the form of a command. yet be altogether lacking in the Will-attitude which expends itself in Will-culture. it is by so directly gained for the Will. Throughout the main the element of interest plays an important part. In the long run. if other things are equal. Its power has become hostile both to yourself and to the child's welfare.

it Is it imitating unwisely? imitating in a beneficial manner? ReEn- . discrimination poorly? press. to possess serious knowledge itself — — and It wills the exercise of its faculties. It is curious — and wills to discover. It wishes to It emulate and wills to equal others. and teacher are evident Keep the child's curiosity vigorously alert. Is it imitating tating. To the desire to know. then. Is Improve. wishes to benefit — and wills the discovery and use of means appropriate. It wishes to please others — and wills its conduct into line. The 1. speech. To the desire for independence. They may be turned hither and thither. responds to certain ap- To the feeling of curiosity. selection.: 378 The Child's Will The second The child's peals: basic principle. It wishes to be independent lessons for parent — and wills judgment and freedom. interest. — and wills thought. It wishes to imitate-. avoidance. Train the imitative desires wisely. To the desire to emulate. now. 2. always causing the child to will with that Will it possesses. These feelings and desires are incessantly active in every normal child. action. To the desire to please others. is Interest. in the matter of and manner of imiIs it merely aping? Repress. To the desire to benefit itself. To the desire to imitate. wishes to know.

because " " Oh. Ask a thousand Encourage it to own inventing. Cultivate one of nature's great pro- the desire to know. don't bother me If you are too busy to answer just now. tation But imi-' may be spontaneous. should be made voluntary. make a future engagement to attend to the matters. This is large. purillustrated. . gestions in regard to imitation apply here. But John may his vocal organs. His imitation has now become poses emulation.Let the Child Prophesy Fair courage. ! Never reply to questions. to think about them. without any act of the Will beyond that required for the proper control of This is imitation. 379 See that it has the best possible examples. to be sure. but the limit Questions are the crackling noises of an opening brain. example incompletely? Improve. questions about the child's affairs. an inferior purpose ? Direct its attention to a higher. as . 4. principles. incite interest to do own best. Emulation always involves the Will. noble emulation visions. and invest the idea of emulation with every possible interest. its and 3. All the sug- Imitation may lead to emulation. and to desire that they may appear in himself. never mind " " Oh. The difference between imitation and emulation may be John repeats the language used by his a parrot might do. Bring to its mind matters and persons worthy of emulation. and if right. bombard you with questions of its thing has its limit. emulating a good Is it emulating for You are seeking to train the child's is Will. father. be taught to admire his father's ways. and keep ! ! the appointment. " Oh. Is the child emulating a bad example? Is it Turn the capacity in another direction.

itself. and is therefore an education. It works injury only when misunderstood or wrongly applied. in Self-interest seeks the best interest of self . 5. Cultivate the child's desire to please and benefit ! This desire is one of nature's strongest motors man. " What's the use " Studying that Cuba where your brother had gone to fight Spain's tyranny and plant the Stars and Stripes was " just fun. that of self-interest and that of selfishness. The one . and fulfil that promise. all tasks. you do not know. and should be intelligently developed and regulated. honestly confess." The " fun of the thing awakened the Will and illuminated geography. the other by license. Selfish^ self. it divides into two imA pulses. Analyzed. ." : 38o The Child's Will If the child cannot swer If now understand. ness seeks a false benefit which ultimately injures Self-interest is ascertained by a study of law selfis ishness is conceived in indifference to law. Secure interest in unwilled. again The study of the geography of Spain-ruled Cuba a few years ago was a dull task poorly performed. . self- Self-interest respects the consensus of opinion ishness ignores the general opinion. for man's life is a community-organ- and his highest interest is realized through law- . and give uninteresting the child the desired information. sewing on the next an intensely interesting thing securing good work. Then look its questions up that matter as a thing of first importance. The is the Example: likely is busy will very party dress Sewing aprons merely to keep be poor work . Self-interest is always concerned with the highest welfare of others ism. few characteristics will reveal the difference between these forms of personal motive. promise to anwhen it can. Or. represented by liberty .

and realizes in law-defying independence requiring service for self regardless of others. then. manage if way as to secure them. shall the "child's desire to please and benefit itself be trained? By appeal to experience. the matter in such a artificially. Reward is a fruit . even Will be kept in mind. but as natural consequences and wholesome lessons. selfishness isolates itself from the demands of relations to others. Self-interest is an eternal reality . If none are likely to be apparent. see to that disagreeable con- sequences are emphasized in its thought and memory. to cultivate the child's desire for its own benefit and pleasure is to cultivate true ideals of happiness and welfare. itself. selfishness is eter- nally a denial of that reality. The it child has sought to please itself selfishly. This means a reasonable and kind process of education resulting in the elimination of selfishness from life and the substitution therefor of a true self-interest. If the child has subordinated bring out clearly the beneficial results. Hence. forever defeats itself.Let the Child Prophesy Fair 381 abiding independence subordinated to service. and ultimates in the world of the infinitely little. If none are apparent. How. not necessarily as punishments. By appeal to the love of reward. The will to do for a real pleasure or benefit will certainly be stronger after proper experience duly emphasized than the will to do for fancied happiness or welfare Always must the child's shown in experience to lead to unhappiness. Self-interest forever fulfils itself capacities and creates larger and huger worlds of opportunity selfishness . destroys capacity for welfare. bring them about.

should have a large but life. it to perform an act simply because Suggest rewards of some sort gifts. the abstract through the concrete. If it suspects that theories are mere visions and personal notions. Respect for the rights of others. or pleasure promised. street. — Do not reduce the child's life to the plane of mere duty. Such principles may be thrown into ideals or maxims . mote or abstract Teach the remote through the present. neighborhood. Respect for the customs of others. It must in some way be made to get hold of principles and their reality. If It its the child does not perceive such value. or benefits upheld as certain to you order — come about naturally." Respect for the feelings of others. tical for the child in Theory builds on the pracmust be made to appear to a concrete form as a concrete value. circles called home. Do not seek to dominate the child's conduct by reideas. it loses respect for your teaching. regulated place in the child's Here is perfect stimulation to right exercise of Will. the practical. Respect for the liberty of others. Respect for the destiny of others. are all ramified by certain general principles which guarantee welfare. By appeal to theory. so that it may inThe tuitively apply them to various practical cases. Respect for the beliefs of others. We may suggest them in the word " respect.382 The Child's Will It of the nature of things. school or playground. Do not compel it. Respect for the opinions of others. village or city. Hence. interest ceases and the Will flags. Respect for the opportunities of others.

ing approbation. a set of tools. action thousand A opportunities are afforded for this effort. the more surely will its Will-power be trained. for others which does not think of self. therefore. But life ought at times to forget even self-interest. and its future be mortgaged for the largest success. A may be cultivated." as it were. manifest appreciation. it should also be made owner of special things with responsibilities or unusual opportunities connected therewith. think. materials to be worked over. Cultivate the child's desire for the happiness and welfare of others. Occasionally provide some unexpected pleasure. the child must. For exceptional thoughtfulness. The preceding suggestions inevitably make for these ends. Encourage. express your thankfulness. . For unusual obedience. as a piece of land. it. On compliance. etc. itself. a boat. act for The more frequently and fully it does so. By appeal to the love of ownership. 6. The child ought Its to own many things in " fee simple. 7. an animal. right spirit of independence ownership should be thoroughly respected. determine. do not order it. under wise supervision. For voluntary service. Certain simple rules may be indicated Request the child . In addition to possession in the ordinary run of life. indicate correspond- Cultivate all the child's desire With safeguards thrown around for independence. exhibit a lively gratification.Let the Child Prophesy Fair and made incessantly prominent 383 in all the child's rela- tions to the various circles of life. some kind of mechanism for making various articles. and seldom overshadowed by any superior claim. in countless ways.

384

The

Child's Will

By
lic

the appeal of the practical in society.

Under
pub-

proper

restrictions, stores, shops, factories, farms,

buildings,

and the

like,

afford fine opportunities to
objects and

acquire familiarity with

common

common

ways of doing things which inevitably minister to the child's sense and power of independence in times of
special need.

By throwing the child upon its own resources and judgment, as far as may, in any given case, be wise. This requires that it be given as large a measure of liberty as is compatible with a long-headed view of
its

best

must depend upon itself. The present question is, shall its future freedom be that of liberty or that of license ? The man's liberty must
welfare.

Sooner or later

it

grow out of the

Do
late

child's law-governed independence. not smother independence, therefore, but regu'

it.

tie the child to your tether of personal noCut the apron-string, or get a long rope. This increases your care, but it builds the child's Will. experience is If the child gets hurt in its freedom there is your a good teacher. If it falls into error opportunity to preach an illustrated sermon like a storyteller, with all points suggested above for divisions, and self-regulated independence as the main lesson. Never say " No " to a child merely to relieve yourself

Do

not

tion.

— —

of trouble.

Never say
think.

"No"

to a child without stopping to
If favorable, repeat

Do

your

first

thinking silently.

the process to the child.

If unfavorable,

and you wish

to give the child a lesson in experience, repeat the procIf you are found to have ess aloud and say, " Yes." been mistaken, reason the matter out to the preserva-

Let the Child Prophesy Fair
tion of the child's respect for you, notwithstanding.

385
If

from gloating, but impress the lesson handsomely. If your judgment is unfavorable to the child's desires, and you do not wish to chance the lesson of experience, repeat the process of thought and say " No." Always make the " No " as easy as possible. Never say a reasonable "No" and change to a
right, abstain

you were

thoughtless " Yes."

Never say " No " when " Yes " would be exactly as Avoid the habit of senseless objection. Never say " Yes " and change to a thoughtless " No." Never say, " Oh, I don't care " This shows that you rule or permit without thought. If the problem will not resolve itself to your thought, state the case fairly, and win the child's assent to your
wise.
!

doubt.

Cultivate independence, again,

out, now and then, in some heroic venture, always forefended and watched

By inducing the child to launch

over.

By encouraging heroic endurance of consequences. By encouraging frank and heroic assumption of
blame for mistakes of its own. By encouraging modest appropriation of legitimate praise and satisfaction for favorable outcomes of independent decisions, conduct and ventures. These suggestions will readily recall to mind various illustrations as to means and methods, and need not be
further elaborated.

Now,
natural.

the child's interest

is

usually spontaneous and
indicates that sponIt is the possibility

But nature constantly

taneous interest

may

be invented.

of invented interest that enables Professor James to state the following


386

:

:

The
of Interest
:

Child's Will

Laws
in itself


"Any
object not interesting

First law of interest:

may become

interesting through

becoming asit

sociated with an object in which an interest already exists.

The two

associated ideas grow, as

were; the

interesting portion sheds its quality over the whole;

and thus things not interesting in their own right borinterest which becomes as real and as strong as that of any natively interesting thing." This law suggests three practical rules

row an

1. Associate in the child's life interesting things with uninteresting things; or, cause the uninteresting

things to borrow interest from things that are in any

way possessed of may be divided,
2. "

interest to the child.

As

this rule

Begin with the

line

of his native interests, and

offer

him

objects that have

some immediate connection
first

with these.
3.

" Step

by step connect with these

objects

and

experiences the later objects and ideas which you wish
to
instil.

Associate the

new with

the old in

some nat-

ural and telling way, so that the interest, being shed

along from point to point, finally suffuses the entire

system of objects of thought." In a few words, get hold of the child's interest in some way, immediate or remote, in the subject or task in hand then connect its interest, as it exists, by any
;

roundabout way, with the thing or act desired.

" Voluntary attention cannot be continuously sustained; it comes in beats."
Second law of
interest:

This

is

true in the adult mind.

tion in the child's

mind

is

much more

Voluntary attenfickle ; hence the

value of the prescription

Let the Child Prophesy Fair

387

" The subject must be made to show new aspects of to prompt new questions in a word, to change. " From an unchanging subject the attention inevitably wanders away. You can test this by the simplest
itself
;

;

Try to attend on the paper or on the wall. You presently find that one or the other of two things has happened: either your field of vision has become blurred, so that you now sec nothing distinct at all, or else you have involuntarily ceased to look at the dot in
possible case of sensorial attention.

steadfastly to a dot

question ar-d are looking at something

else.

But,

you ask yourself successive questions about the dot how big it is, how far, of what shape, what shade of color, etc. ; in other words, if you turn it over, if you think of it in various ways, and along with various you can keep your mind upon kinds of associations

if

it

for a comparatively long time."

Third law of

interest.

In the

child's life the con-

crete is always the realest

and

the most interesting.

All

is

things.

The mind
:

constantly concretes the
units =

abstract.

It is this fact that gives life

an enormous

; examples a eating all the jam you want; God freedom invisible, but, because He is omnihuge man who is a present, can be caught in an old shoe and tied up

fictitious interest

=

apples, dolls, etc.

= —

real case in the family of a religious professor of

physics.

Make

the child's Will, therefore, a
to be

mover of conchild
is

crete realities.

Always

is it

remembered that the

pre-

eminently a subject of education. tion is, let Professor James tell us

And what

educait

"It cannot be better described than by

calling

:

388

The

Child's Will

the organisation of acquired habits of conduct and tendencies to behavior." At home of school, this process of " organizing ac-

quired habits " involves a great aphorism

" No reception without reaction, no impression without correlative expression."

The
terest,

preceding basic principles of reason and of inwith the suggestions noted, simply mean that

whatever properly goes into the child's mind should be worked over, by itself, in its concrete life. All such reactions tend to train the Will. Right reaction equals
right Will-exercise.
Similarly, all right impressions

upon the

child's

mind are

of expression in action.

reason and interest,
expression in
life.

some kind you arouse judgment or you inevitably secure reaction and
to be returned in If

The

rule

is infallible.

Second Process of Will-Culture
Right training of the
child's

— Development
in the child, be-

of the case, result in more or less increase of

Will must, in the nature its power.

But the specific end, a stronger Will comes now the larger goal.

The Will
volitions.

is

merely the mind's

ability to

put forth
direction,

The mind,

willing repeatedly in

any given

acquires greater ability to will in some directions.

tion,

The mind, willing readily and strongly in one direcmay be so trained in that direction as to will
and strongly
in other directions.

readily

This has been

disputed,
facility

but it seems obvious. He who acquires in performing a certain kind of mental task may

thereby acquire power for other tasks. He who successfully resists one temptation prepares himself for
successful resistance of another temptation.

A

will

Let the Child Prophesy Fair

389

trained in the use of reason and by appeals to a true interest,

becomes a better and stronger Will for response
It is

to the naked call of duty.

not necessary to ac-

power for all different kinds of acts; the soul stores power adequate to untried cases. Any general faculty of the mind may be developed as a general
quire
faculty.

Development of Will regards,
state,

indirectly its present

but primarily the increase of power wherein the
lacks.

mind

The mind
;

will at present

it

may

possesses a certain ability to be educated, unfolded, so as to

acquire

power to put forth volitions more strongly for any purpose. For such development of Will-power the basic principle is

now

practice.

SIR

ANYMAN

Oh, Life's perennial Knight Sir Anyman Trust thru nor Opportunity nor Fate: The one, a mere detail in Nature's Plan,

The other. Error's name for Best Estate. Complainer! Knovfst thou not the oath, I Can, Shall win brave kingdoms to thy will elate If Good Soul do but scorn their wizard ban? On thee, the Master, see! they fawn and wait!
I sing no

Law

of Accident or Birth,

No

Gift of Fortune by Divine Decree. I sing the Call of Courage, Honor, Worth!

The world-wide Call of our old Mother, Earth. Heed tliou. Sir Knight, this Golden Prophecy: The Throne to him who forces Destiny!
.— The Author.

CHAPTER XXIX
Conclusion.

The Symmetrical

Existence.

OUR
book
is

labors are
it

forth

now nearly concluded. Henceonly remains to carry out in daily
The
If
it it

life

the ideas of the preceding pages.
to the intelligence of the reader.

not a treatise ;

seeks to be a teacher, and thus

leaves

much

prove suggestive and lead to practical efforts for culture of the Will, the devotion of the long period required for
its

mastery will surely be

justified.

said to his class in lecturing on the " History of Civilization " " The good fortune to have all the faculties called
into action, so as to °nsure a full

As M. Guizot

of the various powers both of

and free development mind and body, is an advantage not too dearly paid for by the labor and pain
it is

with which
It is

attended."

hoped that the following are among the results
the mental constitution have

achieved:

The fundamentals of

been more fully disclosed. The reader has been introduced to his own centre of power, the Will, and has perceived some of the tests

and

secrets of success in life.
fact has

A neglected
may
be cured
veloped.

been made plain, that the Will

when

defective^

and thus trained and deself

Recognition of the reader's

has been aroused

Certain tions : more specific results follow these considera- First. attribute of thought kingly according to the it. The The gift of reading depends for value upon the is focusing Will. and its pov/er depends upon the amount of order obtaining within its kingdom. Second. The body and the senses are better under- stood and controlled. by the degree of restraint imposed upon the nerve-system. purposeful sense of touch advance-guards the soul's progexistence are measured The nervous values of The hands should be mind. the great art-servants of the Nerves and muscles act rightly together as they are mastered by determined intelligence. Life demands clear soul-windows. The labor which involves these discoveries originates indomitable Will-power. surveyed and given government. The mind has become a new kingdom. body and mind. degree of concentrated personality behind .392 The Symmetrical Existence power possessed of two psychic instru- as a psychic ments. allies with genius. Correct hearing The The ress. The mind that can master attention. The Will enjoins health. sense of taste foreruns the discriminations of a art. achieves. In the sense of smell the chemistry of instinct prepares for intelligent mastery.

makes or destroys by as much as personality has willed moral or immoral purpose.All Radii Equal 393 its Masterful personality anticipates the future as memory realizes the past. The Personal Atmosphere a vibrant centre to be given moral quality by high-purposed Will. The pioneer of life. The subtle secret of true magnetism is is a mighty Will morally determined. The child may become the supreme benefactor of the man. not a gift nor a sonality laboriously acquired. . which is the imagination. Third. causing astonishment that it should have been so long neglected. any trick. with the voiceless crowd. A deathless interest in such and further im- portant discoveries appears. unmindful and uninstructed that it is psychic or has a power of Will. Willed moral purpose has absolute power over habituated action. but is an extension of usual communication by the magnetic perability to converse is The ordinary audience. hitherto largely unInterest awakened in self known. all Man's if relations with his fellows is rightly masterful is the reasonable Will dominant. and nurtured. — Do educated people know themselves? Literature and schools abundant! Meanwhile. and that this is given to be grown. A wonderful domain has opened. The labor which involves these discoveries originates self-conscious and indomitable power of Will. the psychic self pores and bores. and trained for ultimate destiny.

rather than upon matters in the mind directly related to these multitudinous facts. of systematic labor as with the senses on as well and the various mental powers can- not be overestimated. The value. the sovereign energy of Will ? Discovery of the value of systematic labor in the fundamental fields of self for its own improvement. to-day. This value should be directly and deliberately sought . limbs. But what history so valuable as that of a man's own growing soul ? What tions ? science so imperative as that of a man's own bones. therefore. before engaging in the smaller conquest of infinite worlds. the secreting and expanding dynamics of thought. func- What psychology so important to know as your own ? What power so needful to understand as the electric nerve-force. Man's education should first concern his own fundamental powers and possibilities. probably. so-called? It is like trying to improve a machine by working it on inconceivable miscellanies of tasks. This requires more than one regime with every de- partment of his constitution. senses. nerves. exists a college or uni- versity wherein the individual shall study and master himself to a degree. more or less remotely related to the growth of mind. Is it not largely true that prevailing educational methods set minds at work upon tasks concerning ten thousand matters. organs.! 394 ^^^ Symmetrical Existence For. muscles. when reason would suggest the definite understanding and improvement of the mechanism preparatory to its adapted work. observe Nowhere.

as the man's master or his servant. not merely in an universe. He to " brake his wheels " with divine authorought now to persist and sleuth-hound his purposes with the tenacity of nature's laws. This is a value. to be sure. as his real interest may demand. The direct and conscious development of Will. as maker or his destroyer. possible The book has undoubtedly suggested many exercises not found in implies its pages. The universe. the worth of which. That is his whole measure of responsibil- ought ity. depends wholly upon what he knows and masters of himself. book has been worked into the student. confidence in his own throne and dominion.All Radii Equal 395 — in the man's self. he has achieved the Mood of the gods. and. as well as by the roundabout methods of objective analysis and attack. he has emerged from its pages a joyous. power in the reader. now He ity and success. This requires self-development. if practicable and useful. reacts upon the individual. to him. should be tried. but his true possibilities will certainly have come to the fore. But the true goal is to get the man to react rightly upon the universe. tested. understood as within. He will not have transcended his original endowments. — a masterful personality. adopted. If he has become self-reliant — a man who can stand alone or go alone. for temporary purposes or for permanent regime. He ought now to decide with the prompt and compelling power of a rifle-shot. as a field of endeavor. sought by direct methods. it All such suggestions . conquering Will his If this .

Man is a kind of personality. example. Transform an artist's or a people's moral character. All exercises given tend to Only in a secondary manner. — of taste have so resulted. however. that right beliefs within the province of a healthy and determined Will. probably. spiritual states plus environment plus Will. It is itself a commonplace. and that intelligent Will has much to do with the appropriation of art and the beautiful in gen- methods. the place of Will in belief. and note the function of Will in the elevation of art. in and as to its kind. A final prime Fourth. in the way of forcing honest investigation and true . result should now be perceived The goal of the Symmetrical Life. either for a high or a low type. would practice in willing for belief or the cultivation edge. for and the beauBut such chapters would prove afield of the end in view a great Will. on the relation of the Will to knowl- Some as. Let us observe The Symmetrical Existence is the ultimate of the perfected Will. etc. eral. Personality is body plus sensation plus consciousness plus sensibilities plus intellect plus reason plus conscience plus moral judg- ment plus These I. the Will tiful. either for a purpose or an influence that is essentially moral or morally indifferent. that knowledge.: : 396 The Symmetrical Existence additional chapters might have been written. facts outline for us the following synopsis: Every human possesses: — . this end. demands willed purpose and are legitimately willed selection. Will may determine aesthetics.

— cur- able. 397 life : Body. . reason. always individual. senintuitions. funcConsciousness. hope. affections. The curable must by Will be sought out and eliminated. and per- ceptions. faith. life: memory. organs. Mental sibilities. Heredity Environment. the Physical life. spiritual states. Every human works mth:^r. Enjoyment or suffering from the same. incurable. Will. I. the Unsym metrical Life is is it The Unsymmefrical Life typical. in the reverse order. sense-perception. Every human acquires: — Defects Development or improvement. not more or less blame- worthy. Examine these First. muscles. Consciousness of the same. life: consciousness Moral Conscience. I. Every human unfolds: ^-r Character Conduct. there are to be noted the Symmetrical and the Ilnsymmetrical Existences. In other words. nerves. Hence. II. IV.All Radii Equal Physical tions . imagination. It is burdened with defects of Possession. Of The incurable must be borne by Will. III.

Of organs. unfeeling. indecision. . then The incurable should be made the most of by in- domitable Will. dull hear- indigestion. intuitions . toe-in. — — . for these curable defects.. examples — for names. examples — oped. etc. "touchy. reluctantly recognized. confused. experiences... examples — weak unequally Of muscles. faces. to dull mind. covered. not studied examples — Of the too humorous Of memory. example — " example — personal Of " Of perception. lungs. body. example — slow hearing due Of senses." Of functions. . examples ing.. . example sensibilities. The curable must immediately be disbefore. flabby. examples — weak. examples — with past with future contingencies Of reason example — hasty judgments Of Will. Of etc. Begin the work Of the Mental life. devel- etc. . 2. . Of nerves. — stoop-shoulders. — scant and slow observaOf consciousness. etc. examples — vague. . antipathies. rigidly cross-examine the Examination: As mind tion .. desperately. Resolve to cure all these defects! now. with a high hand. Of imagination. — near-sightedness. etc. 398 l^he Symmetrical Existence Examination: Put yourself under the most examples rigid scrutiny as to curable defects. dates.

hence. If the Will is right. with the eyes of other people. mental lethargy as to a future existence. examples little thought as to the Golden Rule. further. The Will must set life battling about the task with the desperation of against death. You enjoy them. in Examination: Here. ceasingly. All defects. and secondly a matter of Will. search out unbody and mind.vamination: Search every field of personality with minutest scrutiny for acquired defects. It is. what has been evilly acquired can be eliminated. in Of — — II. imperfect ideas as to right and wrong faith. Pass under honest review. Look. "wrong Acquisitions. the affections. The Unsymmetrical Life represents. E.All Radii Equal 3. it may be. minutest defects. examples indifference to moral consequences. ill-will freely entertained Of hope. Of belief and in conduct examples inadequate consid- — eration of evidence. If the Will is not right. particularly. — — difference to human interests or to Deity. Of conscience example in trade details Of spiritual states and perceptions. The incurable should never life. are curable. it must be trained able. and are not willing to perceive them. therefore. lack of confidence an overruling Power. and developed. 399 Of the Moral be admitted. All acquired defects are cur- a question of desire. willful persistence in belief or disbelief in spite of alleged evidence. first. examples in. . The moral always involves the Will.

Example the blind develop extraordinary acuteness in the other The curable may be brought to light with tendencies. The incurable must be borne by Will. matters. dispositions. . defects of Of Heredity. for lack of same.. The Symmetrical Existence factor of the body which is under the control inequalities Every department of the mind for and wrong habits The moral nature. utilized for self-benefit. groundless and uncontrolled. — consumptive examples — peculiar habits — They are handicaps. for inadequate appreciation of self. Of body. — . which indicate aibnormality natural sharp bent in money Of morals example . selfishness Enjoyment derived from such consciousness. for undue recognition of.. for wrong beliefs. III. . . and may often be senses. . left- proper labor and care. : 400 Each of Will. The Unsymmetrical Life involves Heredity and Environment. The whole sphere of self-control. for reasonableness and relation to improvement Antipathies as to persons and things. etc. for and the threat of sloth or arrogant pride Suffering caused by consciousness of defects. for vagaries and want of practical tone and balance Erroneous and misleading " intuitions " or notions Consciousness of abilities and grovrth. . tendencies. for indifference and acknowledged weakness. . examples handedness and traits Of mind.

so. but it is just this first nature and what you can make of Hence. wrong. of society. This book has had its view the growth of a power with which alone character can put forth right conduct and develop by expression. but our average is cut down very low by some contemptible weakness defects of character : . The Unsymmetrical Life stands for wrong UnFOLDMENTS. Four questions here appear How can you contribute to the reform of vironments ? these en- How can you best adjust yourself to them. of state. of house. of neighborhood. what you have made yourself. aside from incurIf char- able heredity. inal because. of climate. main and conduct are curable. all it under all the circumstances of your life. Whatever you etc. of town. with your orig- make-up. is due to your use of the Will. character is is Your this. The incurable must be made means for personal welfare in spite of their existence. acter is weak..All Radii Equal 401 Of Environment. Of conduct in the truest expression. after such contribution? How can you best secure different environments ? How can you make the most of your environments which cannot be reformed or changed ? IV. The curable must be cautiously handled when discovered. of church. This can be done only by the indomitable Will. you have permitted it to become or reYour standard is not some abstract ideal. it is are. Examination: Be fair as to defects of family. "How Orison Swett Harden remarks suggestively many of us rank high in most respects.

— 402 . not typical. yet judicious in exercise That the whole mind surrounding life shall be rightly related to the That life's abilities shall be enjoyed for the highest personal welfare . the ideal is relative rather than absolute. lies in its weakest. . . That all powers shall be cultivated for their own sake. — . In other words. with the Unsymalways individual. With The Symmetrical Life divisions as before. That they shall be coordinated in the best possible manner That the reason shall dominate That the Will shall be conscious. . That all the laws of health shall be obeyed That intelligent exercise shall be carried on That a rational control of the body shall be maintained . . not the strongest link. . metrical." In the Second Place.. observe : — I. . — Here the possessions of the Physical Life re- quire. that a small leak will sink a ship as it being only a question of time. The possessions of the Mental Life require. now. intelligent and strong. to Possessions. is. 2. The Symmetrical Existence or some vicious habit. That all defects shall be remedied as far as possible That a noble use of all powers shall characterize all movements. the Symmetrical Life. How easy it is to forget that the strength of the chain surely as a large one. As 1.

shall be discovered That defects eliminated That every power of mind and body uously developed be assid- That every faculty of the entire self shall be conby supreme Will according to the dictates of morality and reason That antipathies shall be banished if possible. intelligentl)' and persistently the Golden Rule and the sublimest axioms of religion That hope shall be quickened by sensitive apprehension of mora! qualities in things. developed by search for light and encouraged by right relations with. and reliance on. — and immediately shall The acquisitions of the Symmetrical Life require. That the conscience shall be enlightened. and rationally based in the nature of things as reverentially studied and ethically understood. intensified and used That belief and faith shall be founded in reason. It As to Acquisitions. 3. and trolled always regulated That consciousness shall embrace the sum total of . carefully. appropriate objects That the affections shall follow. classified. and nothing but the truth. ideas and actions. That spiritual states shall be taught. The possessions of the Moral Life require. quick and healthy That its dictates shall always be obeyed That it shall be nourished by the highest thought and action.All Radii Equal 403 And that trie mind shall always be open to the truth.

is to be improved. .. ished and nourished. or given up for better if favorable. in the Symmetrical Life must be right ward Deity. not to be permitted mastery. not merely in appreciation of the present. sense. is to be conquered. as eternal good studied. — to- Conduct. cher- VI. right toward man. — if In the Symmetrical Life. environment ought to be the Throne Room of Will. is a failure involves gigantic toil. As to Environment. environment is the workshop of heredity in man. is to be valued. if favorable. In nature. 404 The Symmetrical Existence acquirements in order to best use. in the Symmetrical Life. or suppressed if based upon right Will. right toward truth and This outline sets forth a gigantic task. As to Conduct. to As Heredity. is to be taken with all advantages. corrected. self. and it is But life that an unspeak- . — . Character. V. and controlled with the masterful Will. As to Character. environment. overcome. be dominated by positive qualities if hostile. and be enjoyed. but as well in expectation of greater developments to come That " intuitions " shall be disciplined by sound common III. if based upon heredity. — . which is always the tendency of propitious surroundings. In the Symmetrical Life. . is to indifferent . or reformed. to progress. is to be utilized to the utmost if unfavorable. heredity. but to be seized . IV.

Here the radii of powers fail to extend out to the perfect circle of personality. appear That the Will is not the man entire That the perfect Will is the man matured That personality complete is the Will centering and ruling the maturing man body. . by indiflference to a true personality. The Will does not. but ignore set about correc- thus. either to seek self -discovery and development. sought and secured by Will. then. They are — nothing without the Will. centre their selfhood.All Radii Equal able 405 ruin anarchy. the threat of culpable suicide. This is often prevented by sloth. emotions. The Will is the centre from which all powers radiate to the circle of the perfected personality. intellect. their The majority of men are unnecessarily ignorant of own defects and possibilities. Their development involves culture of Will-power. by dread of cost. The Unsymmetrical Life is one in which Will fails. A multitude of people tion. conscience. Hence. by fear of consequences. They come to perfection through the Will. because it is Will-power regnant amid Let it. there can be no Symmetrical Life that is not determined. All higher powers inhere in the Will. The Unsymmetrical Life It is a It is is largely inexcusable promise of ultimate bankruptcy. recognize defects. them because of lack of Will to Discovery of fault should be instantly followed by remedy. or to improve where defects and better possibilities are known. and all religious faculties.

also. in a true sense. The intelligent Will does not attempt the impos- powers. He strives to bring out each fill He endeavors to every depression in the sphere of his being. but is a concrete thing having reference to the man as origtrue because inally endowed. carefully. is A rose concrete symmetry.4o6 The Symmetrical Existence all In the Symmetrical Life the man seeks to improve powers to the utmost. is. radius to the perfect circle. nor . The law and the privilege of life are that a man shall make the most of himself as heredity has really endowed him. however imperfect this may be as compared with others or an abstract ideal which is indifferent to his nature. up The Symmetrical heredity. persistently. He can develop symmetry in himself. Such beings and sible. is independent of symmetry is not an abdetermined by reference to some universal standard. there are grades in symmetry. without regard to individuality. Each grade has perfect value by as much as it is determined by intelligent Will. develops according own laws. his symmetrical Superior beings and ideals merely assist in inspiring growth the bringing out of his own — ideals must never be regarded as discouraging standards. starts it lacks the abstract symmetry of a its The Symmetrical Life ments. therefore. although glass imitation. Hence. inde- It cannot be destroyed. builds on to its with its own endow- own foundation. He gives due regard to each. this stract matter is Life. The Symmetrical Life pendent of environment.

and grows in its A good Will conquers environment. met the first petitioner. Further on the saw another man who was dancing and singLater. the sage. that it is individual. The man begged the sage to ask him his ultimate freedom. civ- of his own time. and thus thrives on difficulty. and tional persistence. it is lies in the fact that active. A good Will makes environment. travelling everywhere. is And the ideally perfected Will the Symmetrical Existence. mastery. returning. its 407 Will holds A good Will adjusts to environment. provided good. that it is a law unto it is itself and thus subject ideally free to law. A good Will — at the last resort new environment. is an epitome of the self. and that. ing. The ity secret of the Will's power over over heredit is and environment. forsakes old for thus strengthens itself by a ra- Civilization attests all the Every truly successful man ilization above propositions. and thus unfolds in triumph." "I sage met the second petitioner. But the Will is the ideally perfect Will. therefore free. found a man who had been meditating until an ant-hill had been built up around his body.All Radii Equal prevented by surroundings. to whom he " The Lord told brought the message from heaven me that you would attain freedom in four more And then the man began to mourn. In " Raja Yoga " there is this legend : A great God-sage. But the births. and who begged him to ask the same boon. that intelligent. to whom he said to give God traveler : : .

and resolutely set about the correction of defects. which does not aim to be ex- haustive. " should be read. so many times you will be born. The ideal of purpose is always shifting. But the absolute ideal is the inspiration of the relaabsolute ideal is tive ideal. the improvement of excel- and the bringing of all powers to a better condition and a greater harmony among themselves. So soon ." The Symmetrical and of the Will." your own photographic lences.you that : I will have freedom this minute. The Symmetrical Existence is your ideal. never realized. is now suggested for study and comparison It with yourself. Permit no defect to continue. Make the best use of good qualities. the Unsymmetrical Existence are near or far according to the persistence and energy The following chart." And the sec" I will have freedom after so ond man shouted short a time " But a voice came. " My child. again and again. and then you will attain your freedom.. The The ideal is absolute and relative. Compel your strong points to assist your weaker. Cultivate neglected faculties and capacities. Know thyself. Indicate in writing on the chart details. Master environment. Seek the circle of individual perfection. Resolve on the ideal in character and conduct. The relative ideal is that of attainment just beyond as and of high purpose now steadfastly entertained. Overcome hostile heredity.4o8 have to The Symmetrical Existence tell you that as many leaves as there are on Tamarind tree.

Endeavors to attain symmetry become by all odds the supremest instructors and developers of Willpower. You exist to help. your im- mortality. The relative ideal of purpose is thus the impelling power of growth and progress. it is no longer but is actual. a constantly growing soul and a If chapter. He and develops sluices out of himself all that guarantees human reality. you will to fare on as a hero. The study and search for symmetry makes great demands on the Will. and not suggested by vague and . realized in attainment. " The end of man. He contemns and disregards the law of He lives without the essence of life. It is both the and the inspiration of the S)mimetrical Life. his This is your goal — none other — your : life. with all noble spirits among men. This requires that you seek to know what the nature of things has designed for you." The man who attempts anarchist. He is slowly committing suicide. and the true ideal is dis- covered as a new goal. Your want of symmetry shows your need of alliance with the nature of things. you will honestly study the suggestions of this and resolutely and persistently devote your life attainment of the Symmetrical Existence. despair The reason why men the fact that the ideal is are so unsymmetrical is largely so seldom studied or sought.All Radii Equal it is 409 . and with that ruling " Power not ourselves that makes for righteousness. to live without this is an best estate. creator of highest Will. a substitution appears ideal. Said Wilhelm von Humboldt or that which is prescribed by the eternal or immutable dictates of reason.

to laugh with nature. in comment. In its worlds. it is it is for the body to rest. and set to do exactly the work prescribed for it. and on which especially those who design to influence their fellowis men must ever keep their eyes. is the highest and most harmonious development of his powers to a complete and consistent whole. . But to it is go forth day and for the Will to slumber not. It is a glory. ture is said : Human na- not a machine to be built after a model. — In itself. it is best to remember that life is not a judgment to drudgery. The true life has deep content ." John Stuart Mill. night. In its death-swallowing hope. the individuality of " power and development. In its brotherhood. as well as to struggle and pile up victories. as well as to for toil. to rejoice with the to throb with the sea. to this end came the King to his Throne. the object towards which every human being must ceaselessly direct his efforts. And And And hills. an opportunity. in the full majesty of con- quest. mind to relax and change.410 The Symmetrical Existence transient desires. it is for the man to play. according to the tendency of the inward forces which make it a living thing. a prelude and a reward. to relax never." And now. which requires to grow and develop itself on all sides. as well as to concentrate. but a tree. For. in all our work. a dignity.

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