P. 1
ARDS

ARDS

|Views: 4|Likes:
ARDS power point
ARDS power point

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Marius Clifford Billedo on Dec 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPTX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/29/2012

pdf

text

original

ARDS R D S

A clinical syndrome characterized by a sudden and progressive pulmonary edema. and reduce lung compliance. increasing bilateral infiltrates on chest x-ray. . hypoxemia refractory to oxygen supplementation.

ARDS usually require mechanical ventilation with higher-than-normal airway pressure .

The major cause of death in ARDS is non-pulmonary multiple-system organ failure. often with sepsis .

Pulmonary occlusion which initiate inflammatory response • Radiation • Disorders : Hematologic disorders > Massive transfusion > Cardio Pulmonary bypass Metabolic disorders > Pancreatitis > Anemia . • Respiratory trauma > Fat embolism.ETIOLOGY • Anaphylaxis • Aspiration of gastric contents • A prolonged inhalation of high concentrations of oxygen > causes the production of oxygen free radicals that damages the epithelium.

ETIOLOGY • Drug overdose (Heparin. Aspirin) > Promotes Bleeding • Drowning • Diffused pneumonia • Sepsis • Shock • Smoke inhalation .

Clinical Manifestations • • • • • • • Tachypnea Dyspnea (12-48 hours occurs) Hypoxemia (unresponsive to Oxygen) LOC alteration Fine crackles s/t leakage of fluids Fever Retractions .

Diagnostic Exams • Chest X-Ray > Normal until complete “white out” • Pulmonary Function Test > Decrease lung compliance and capacity • ABG analysis > Hypoxemia and Respiratory acidosis .

.

Medical Management 1) Treat the underlying cause. 2) Supplemental oxygenation 3) Respiratory support – ABG analysis – Pulse Oxymetry – Bedside Pulmonary Function Test 4) PEEP .

7) Pharmacologic Therapy .Medical Management 5) Intravenous Crystalloids Solution administration O For systemic hypertension s/t hypovolemia 6) Rest is essential to limit oxygen consumption and reduce oxygen needed.

.NURSING MGT.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->