1990 United Nations List of National Parks and Protected Areas

des Nations Unies des Pares Nationaux et des Aires Protegees 1990
Liste

1^"^.^:*^

^Jilii*",

4^-

lUCN

The World Conservation Union

iO'^

1990 United Nations List of National Parks and Protected Areas
Liste des Nations Unies des Pares

Nationaux

et des Aires

Protegees 1990

Published by:

lUCN, Gland, Switzeriand and Cambridge,

UK

Prepared and published with the support of Unesco

A contribution to GEMS

- the Global Environment Monitoring System

^
Copyright:

1990 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Reproduction of this publication for educational or other noncommercial purposes is authorised without prior permission from the
copyright holder.

Reproduction for resale or other commercial purposes

is

prohibited

without the prior written permission of the copyright holder.

Citation:

lUCN
284
pp.

(1990).

Protected Areas.

1990 United Nations' List of National Parks and lUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

ISBN:
Printed by:

2-8317-0032-9

Avon Litho Limited, Stratford-upon-Avon,

UK

Cover design by: Cover photographs:

lUCN Publications
Bartholom6

Services Unit

Namib Desert, Namibia; Wetland in Kakadu National Park, Australia - J.W. Thorsell: Baobab Adansonia grandidieri, Madagascar - Martin NicoU
Island, Galapagos;

Produced by the lUCN Publications Services Unit on desktop publishing equipment purchased through a gift from Mrs Julia Ward.

Available from:

lUCN Publications Services Unit,
219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge,

CB3 ODL, UK

The designations of geographical

entities in this

book, and the presentation of the material, do

not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of

lUCN, Unesco

or

WCMC

concerning the legal status of any country,

territory,

or area, or of

its

authorities, or concerning

the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.

1990 United Nations List of National Parks and Protected Areas
Liste des Nations Unies des Pares

Nationaux

et des

Aires Protegees 1990

lUCN

Prepared by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre and the Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas

le

Preparee par Centre mondial de surveillance continue de
et la

la

conservation de la nature

Commission des pares nationaux

et

des aires protegees de I'UICN

lUCN - THE WORLD CONSERVATION UNION UICN - L' ALLIANCE MONDIALE POUR LA NATURE
1990

Publi6 par

rUICN, Gland,

Suisse et Cambridge, Royaume-Uni.
la contribution

Pr6par6e et publide avec
Prdpart dans
le

de I'Unesco.
surveillance

cadre du

GEMS

- Systeme mondial de

continue de renvironnement.

pi
WOSLD aONKKVASKM

®

1990 Union Internationale pour
ressources

la

conservation de la nature et de ses

La reproduction des
commerciales
pr6alable
et

textes de cette publication a des fins
est autoris6e

non

notamment 6ducatives

avec

la

permission

du d^tenteur des

droits d'auteur.

La reproduction k des fins commerciales et notamment en vue de la vente
est interdite sans

permission 6crite prdalable du detenteur des droits

d'auteur.

Citation:

UICN (1990). Liste des Nations
Protigies 1990.

Unies des Pares Nationaux

et

des Aires

UICN, Gland,

Suisse et Cambridge, Royaume-Uni.

284 pp.

ISBN:
Imprim6
par:

2-8317-0032-9

Avon Litho Limited, Stratford-upon-Avon, Royaume-Uni
Service des publications de

Couverture congue: Couverturc photos:

I'UICN

De Bartolomeo, Galdpagos; Desert de Namib, Namibie; Zone humide dans le Pare national de Kakadu, Australie - J.W. Thorsell: Baobab Adansonia grandidieri, Madagascar - Martin NicoU
Publication de

I'UICN

assist^e par ordinateur et

rendue possible grace ^

un don de Madame

Julia

Ward.

Disponible aupres du:

Service des publications de I'UICN 219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge,

CB3 ODL, Royaume-Uni

La terminologie gdographique employ6e dans cet ouvrage, de meme que sa presentation, ne
en aucune maniere I'expression d'une opinion quelconque de
la part

sont

de I'UICN, de I'Unesco ou
territoire

du CMSC en ce qui conceme le statut jiuidique ou I'autorit^ de quelque Etat, que ce soit ou en ce qui conceme la delimitation de leurs firontieres.

ou region

lUCN - THE WORLD CONSERVATION UNION
Founded
in 1948, lUCN - the World Conservation Union - is a membership organisation comprising governments, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), research institutions, and

conservation agencies in 120 countries. The Union's objective
protection and sustainable utilisation of living resources.

is

to

promote and encourage the

all continents form part of a network supporting the Commissions: threatened species, protected areas, ecology, sustainible development, environmental law, and environmental education and training. Its thematic programmes include tropical forests, wetiands, marine ecosystems, plants, the Sahel, Antarctica, population and sustainable development, and women in conservation. These activities enable lUCN and its members to develop sound policies and programmes for the conservation of biological diversity and sustainable development of natural resources.

Several thousand scientists and experts from
its

work of

six

L'UICN - L'ALLIANCE MONDIALE POUR LA NATURE
Fondee en 1948, 1'UICN, I'Alliance mondiale pour la nature, est une organisation qui compte parmi ses membres des Etats, des organisations non gouvemementales (ONG), des institutions
de recherche, ainsi que des organismes de conservation, r6partis dans 120 pays. L'UICN a pour objectif de promouvoir et d'encourager la protection et I'utilisation durable des ressources
vivantes.

Plusieurs milliers de scientifiques et d'experts des cinq continents formant un reseau sur lequel

s'appuient les six commissions de I'UICN: especes menacees, aires protegees, ^ologie,

developpement durable, droit de I'environnement, et education et formation en matiere d'environnement. Ses programmes sp6ciaux comprennent les forets tropicales, les zones
ecosystemes marins, les plants, developpement durable, ainsi que les femmes et

humides,
et ses

les

le

Sahel, I'Antarctique, la population et le

la conservation.

Grace ^ ces

activit^s,
la

I'UICN

membres

sont en mesure d'etablir des poUtiques et des

programmes pour

conservation

de

la diversity

biologique et I'utilisation durable des ressources naturelles.

WCMC - THE WORLD CONSERVATION MONITORING CENTRE
The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) is a joint venture between the three partners in the World Conservation Strategy, lUCN - the World Conservation Union, die World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Its
mission
is to support conservation and sustainable development by collecting and analysing global conservation data so that decisions affecting biological resources are based on the best

available information.

WCMC

has developed a global overview database of the world's biological diversity that includes threatened plant and animal species, habitats of conservation concern, critical sites, protected areas of the world, and the utilisation and trade in wildlife species and products.

Drawing on

tiiis

database,

WCMC

provides an information service to

tiie

conservation and

development communities, governments and United Nations agencies, scientific institutions, the produces a wide variety of specialist business and commercial sector, and the media. outputs and reports based on analyses of its data.

WCMC

LE CMSC - LE CENTRE MONDIAL DE SURVEILLANCE CONTINUE DE LA CONSERVATION DE LA NATURE
Le Centre mondial de
entreprise

surveillance continue de la conservation de la nature

(CMSC)

est

une

commune des trois partenaires
la nature

de

la Strategie

mondiale de

la

conservation: I'Alliance

(UICN), le Fonds mondial pour la nature (WWF), et le Programme des Nations Unies pour I'environnement (PNUE). Ce centre a pour mission d'appuyer la conservation et le developpement durable en recueillant et en analysant des donnees mondiales
mondiale pour
sur la conservation, afin que les decisions

concemant

les ressources

biologiques reposent sur les

meilleurs informations disponibles.

Le

CMSC a etabli une

banque de donndes sur

la diversity

biologique mondiale, qui comprend

des donnees sur les especes animales et veg^tales menacees, les biotopes pr6occupants du point

de vue de

la conservation, les sites critiques, les aires protegees, ainsi

que

I'utilisation et le

commerce des especes et produits de la faune et de la flore sauvages. S'appuyant sur cette banque de donn6es, le CMSC foumit un service d'information aux communaut^s de la conservation et
du developpement, aux gouvemements, aux
scientifiques, au
institutions des Nations Unies,

aux

instituts
tres

monde du commerce
et

et

des affaires, et aux medias.
1'

Le

CMSC publie de

nombreux rapports

documents

specialises, fond6s sur

analyse de ses donnees.

VI

CONTENTS
Page
Introduction
History of the
1

UN List UN List

1

Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas
Protected Areas Data Unit
Criteria for inclusion in the

1

2
2
3 3

Layout of the UT^ List
Compilation of the

UN List

Accuracy and quality of information Acknowledgements
Categories for Conservation

3

4
9

Management

United Nations List of National Parks and Protected Areas
Total

23

number of sites designated

212 213
(Figures
1

Analysis of Information

Growthofthe World Coverage of Protected Areas
Ecological Coverage of Protected Areas (Table 2)

and 2)

BiogeographicalCoverageof Protected Areas (Table 1)

215 217 222 225

World Heritage

Sites

States party to the

World Heritage Convention (Map)

World Heritage
Biosphere Reserves

List

226 227
241

States with biosphere reserves

(Map)

List of biosphere reserves

242 243
255

Wetlands of Internationallmportance
States party to the

Ramsar (Wetlands) Convention (Map)

List of

wedands of international importance

256 257

vn

TABLE DES MATIERES
Page
Introduction
Histoire de la Liste des Nations Unies

5

5 5

La Commission

des pares nationaux et des aires protegees
les aires

L'Unite de donnees sur

protegees

Criteres d'inscription sur la Liste

6 6
7

Presentation de la Liste des Nations Unies

Compilation de

la Liste

des Nations Unies

7 7
8

Exactitude et qualite de Tinformation

Remerciements
Categories de gestion des espaces naturels pour la conservation
Liste des Nations Unies des Pares Nationaux et des aires protegees

15

23

Nombre

total

de

sites

designes

212 214

Analyse de I'information
Expansion de
la superficie

mondiale des

aires protegees (Figures
1)

1

et 2)

.

.

.

.

Couverture biogeographique des aires protegees (Tableau Couverture ecologique des aires protegees (Tableau 2)

215 217 222 225

Biens du patrimoine mondial
Etats parties a la Convention

du patrimoine mondial (Carte)

Liste

du patrimoine mondial

226 227
241

Reserves dela biosphere
Etats possedant de reserves de la biosphere (Carte)
Liste des reserves de la biosphere

242 243
255
(Carte)

Zones humides d 'importance Internationale
Etats parties a la Convention de
Liste des zones

Ramsar (zones humides)

humides d'importance intemationale

256 257

vm

INTRODUCTION
Protected areas

make

a vital contribution to the conservation of the world's natural and cultural

resources. Values range from retention of representative samples of natural regions and the preservation of biological diversity, to the maintenance of environmental stability of surrounding
regions. Protected areas can provide opportunity for rural development and rational use of

marginal lands, for research and monitoring, for conservation education, and for recreation and tourism. As a result most countries have developed systems of protected areas.

However, protected area systems vary considerably one country to another, depending on needs and priorities, and on differences in legislative, institutional and financial support. Also, the range of services and values that protected areas provide is such that some management
objectives are not compatible with others. This has lead to the emergence of a wide range of

protected area designations and definitions.

The aim of the

UN List is to provide a definitive list of protected areas meeting certain criteria.

History of the

UN List
is

The United Nations List of National Parks and Equivalent Reserves

drawn up at the request of the United Nations following a resolution adopted by the General Assembly at its Sixteenth Session in December 1962 on "Economic Development and Nature Conservation". This
resolution served to endorse an earlier resolution (No. 713) of the 27th session of the

UN

Economic and

Social Council held in 1959, which recognised National Parks and Equivalent

Reserves as an important factor in the wise use of natural resovirces, and led to the compilation of the first World List of National Parks and Equivalent Reserves.

rUCN was

instrumental in the preparation of the two resolutions, and has since had prime

responsibility for the compilation

and maintenance of the

list

The

UN

List

is

now

jointiy

compiled by the

lUCN Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas, and by the Protected

Areas Data Unit, part of the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. The version of the UN List immediately preceding this was published by lUCN in 1985; other versions were pubUshed in 1961/2, 1966 (English version 1971), 1972 (addendum to the 1966/71 list), 1973, 1974, 1975,

1980 and 1982.

The lUCN Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas
lUCN's Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas (CNPPA)
international scientific
is

the leading

and technical body concerned with the selection, establishment and management of national parks and other protected areas. Its membership includes protected areas
professionals from

more Uian 90 countries. CNPPA is responsible for tiiat part of the lUCN Programme which promotes the establishment of a world-wide network of effectively managed
terrestrial

and marine protected

areas.

During preparation of this edition of the UN List, CNPPA has been under the chairmanship of Harold Eidsvik, Senior Policy Advisor to the Canadian Parks Service, with Adrian Phillips, Director General of the Countryside Commission of England and Wales, as Deputy Chairman. During die same period, die work of the Commission has been coordinated by Dr James Thorsell,
based
at the

lUCN

headquarters in Gland, Switzeriand. Organisation of the Commission

is

regional, witii 12 regional Vice-Chairmen, and tiiere are normally two Commission meetings a year. Since die last UN List was compiled, tiiere have been meetings in Argentina, Niger, New

Zealand, Costa Rica,

Italy,

Vanuatu and Czechoslovakia.

Introduction

The WCMC

Protected Areas Data Unit

The Protected Areas Data Unit (PADU) was established by CNfPPA in 1981 to handle the increasing amount of information, and to assist the Commission in preparing publications on national parks and other protected areas around the world. The unit is now a part of the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, and is based in Cambridge in the United Kingdom. The objective of PADU's work is to be able to provide accurate up-to-date information on individual
protected areas and protected area systems of the world to those
identify

who need it,

or, failing that, to

where such information can be quickly obtained.
its

In order to meet

objective,
areas,

WCMC collaborates with the many agencies
scientists

around the world
in this field.

managing protected

and with conservationists and

who work

Many

of the individuals involved are members of CNPPA. PADU also has a particular responsibility for managing information on Biosphere Reserves and World Heritage Sites (accorded by the Secretariat and the World Heritage Committee respectively), and on sites listed under the

MAB

Ramsar (Wetlands) Convention (accorded by
Criteria for inclusion
There are three
size,

the Convention Bureau).

criteria

management
Size:

objectives,

which govern whether or not a protected area is included and the authority of the management agency.

in the

UN List.

1.

Only protected areas of over 1,000 hectares are included, with the exception of offshore or oceanic islands of at least 100 hectares where the whole island is protected.

One thousand
miles.
2.

hectares

is

equivalent to 10 square kilometres, 2,471 acres or 3.86 square

Management objectives: A series of protected area management categories, defined by management objective, are identified by lUCN/CNPPA in the paper on Categories, Objectives and Criteria for Protected Areas published in the proceedings of the World National Parks Congress held in Bah. The definitions of each category are provided below. Nationally designated sites are allocated to the relevant lUCN Categories, on the basis of their legally defined management objectives, and implementation of those objectives.
Where
the available information suggests that

management of

the site

is

insufficient to

implement nationally legislated objectives, the site may either be omitted from the list, or, where relevant, included under another category. Reasons for this might include inappropriate use, inadequate resources, severe encroachment or civil strife, and are often

beyond

the control of the

reclassification

management authority. It is anticipated that such omission or would be temporary, pending improvement in the information available,

or in the actual on-site situation.

The 1990 edition of the
V. Protected areas

UN List includes sites in lUCN Management Categories I through
are also designated

which

Ramsar

Sites,
lists

World Heritage
in the lists

Sites or

Biosphere Reserves, are included both in the nationals
international significance.
3.

and

of areas of

Authority of the management agency: Only those competent authority" are included within the
government.

sites

managed by

the "highest

UN List, i.e the

highest appropriate level of

Introduction

The 1990 UN List is the third to be prepared joindy by PADU and CNPPA, and, as with the previous two lists (published in 1982 and 1985), there has been a considerable expansion in the list - despite the fact that the criteria for inclusion have remained unchanged. While there have been some significant extensions to protected areas networks, much of the expansion of the list
is

due

to

improvements
it. It

in available information,
this in

and improvements
the
list.

in our ability to collect

and

manage

is

important to bear

mind when using

Layout of the

UN List

Sites which meet the above-mentioned criteria are listed country by country (in alphabetic order of the English-language version of the country name). Within each country sites are presented in alphabetic order by national designation (for example national parks, nature reserves, wildlife

sanctuaries).

category,

its

size (in hectares),

Three items of information are provided about each site: its lUCN management and die year it was established (or significantly altered in either

size or designation). This format is different
listed

from

lists

produced

in recent years,

where

sites

were
is

by

lUCN Management Category and a biogeographic code was provided (see below). The

present format should, however, be easier to use. Further information on each of these sites

held by

PADU.

Compilation of the

UN List

have been collecting and managing information on protected areas for a available, some of which has been published. New information is also constantiy being received. In preparing the 1990 UN List, staff at PADU reviewed existing material, and revised and updated lists of protected areas (which included the appropriate lUCN Management Category for each site). Draft lists for each country were

CNPPA

and

PADU

number of years, and a large body of information is

sent to national

management agencies and

to

members of CNPPA, with

a request that they be
staff revised this

checked, updated, and returned. Based on the information received,
draft,

PADU
to the

following up queries with contacts in the countries concerned, or officers of the

CNPPA.
Regional

In Europe a

new procedure was

tested,

where

draft lists

were sent

CNPPA

Vice-Chairman for review, prior

to being sent to the national

management

agencies.

Accuracy and quality of information
The world of protected
areas are revised and
areas
is

rapidly changing,
sites are

new

areas are created, boundaries of existing

some

destroyed through industrial development, shifting
emphatically that there has been any net gain for
last

agriculture, or natural disasters.

To

state

conservation in the amount of land and water protected in the
is

few years

is

very difficult
is

It

not simply a question of hectares protected or of die

number

of areas protected, but

more a

question of

management

effectiveness.

Are

the protected areas achieving the objectives for

which they were estabhshed?

The

quality of the information available used to compile the
is still

UN

List is very variable,

and
the

information on management effectiveness
vast majority of the national parks

lacking for a

number of countries. While

which meet the relevant criteria are listed, information on the other categories of protected area is still incomplete, and much more information is necessary before we can be confident we are providing complete lists of areas in every management category. Some state or provincial parks have been included, but the data are still not wholly
adequate, and again

much more

information

still

needs to be collected.

Introduction

The 1990

UN List undoubtedly includes mistakes and omissions, but

it

is

hoped

that these will
rests

stimulate ever

the compilers, and corrections or updates should be

more accurate information. The responsibility for errors and oversights communicated to the:

with

Protected Areas Data Unit

World Conservation Monitoring Centre 219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3
United Kingdom
Telephone: (0223) 277314

ODL

Fax:(0223)277136 Telex: 817036 scmu g

Acknowledgements
Compilation of the
list

has been carried out by

all

PADU

staff,

which currently comprises

Graham Drucker (North

Africa and the Middle East), Harriet Gillet (data entry), Michael Green

(Indomalaya), Jeremy Harrison (Head of Unit), Zbigniew Karpowicz (Europe and the

USSR), James Paine (Oceania) and Alison
compilation of the
list

Suter (data entry).

Graham Drucker has coordinated

for those countries outside the areas of responsibility indicated.

Compilation has been actively supported by

CNPPA, and

in particular

by the

officers of the

Commission, and Dr James Thorsell of the

lUCN Secretariat.

The list was prepared for publication by Barbara Lambert of the lUCN Publication Services Unit.
Finally,

many individuals in protected areas management agencies and elsewhere in each country
in

have provided information which has been used list could not have been completed.

compiling

this list.

Without

this input, the

4

INTRODUCTION
Les
aires protegees apportent

une contribution

vitale a la conservation

des ressources naturelles

EUes ont aussi bien pour fonction de preserver des echantillons representatifs de regions naturelles et la diversite biologique que de maintenir la stabilite ecologique des regions qui les entourent. EUes sont un moteur pour le developpement rural et
et culturelles

de

la planete.

I'utilisation rationnelle

des terres marginales, la recherche et la surveillance continue, I'education
le

a la conservation, les loisirs et

tourisme. Pour toutes ces raisons, la plupart des pays se sont

dotes d'un r6seau d'aires protegees.
Toutefois, les reseaux d'aires protegees varient enormement d'un pays a I'autre, selon les besoins
et les prioritds, selon les differences entre les

moyens

legislatifs, institutionnels et financiers

disponibles.
objectifs

En outre,

la

gamme des

services et valeurs des aires protegees est telle

que certains

de gestion sont incompatibles avec d'autres. Une multitude de termes done appliques aux aires protegees.

et definitions :ont

La

Liste des Nations Unies a pour objectif de donner une liste definitive d'aires protegees
criteres.

repondant a certains

Histoire de la Liste des Nations Unies

La Liste des Nations Unies des pares nationaux et reserves analogues
des Nations Unies
et

a ete etablie selon le voeu developpement economique et la conservation de la nature", adoptee par I'Assemblee generale a sa 16e Session, en decembre 1962. Cette resolution enterinait une resolution precedente (No. 713) de la 27e Session du Conseil 6conomique et social, tenue en 1959. Cette demiere resolution reconnaissait que les

dans

I'esprit

d'une resolution sur

"le

pares nationaux et reserves analogues sont un instrument important de I'utilisation rationnelle

des ressources naturelles et a debouche sur I'etablissement de la premiere Liste mondiale des

pares nationaux et reserves analogues.

L'UICN

a joue un role central dans la preparation des deux resolutions
la Liste.

et,

depuis

lors, est

responsable de la compilation et de la mise a jour de
aujourd'hui compilee conjointement par
protegees de
la

La

Liste des Nations Unies est
et

Commission des pares nationaux

des aires

du Centre la conservation de la nature. La version precedente de la mondial de surveillance continue de Liste des Nations Unies a et6 publiee par I'UICN en 1985. De plus anciennes versions datent de 1961/1962, 1966 (version anglaise 1971), 1972 (ajout a la Liste de 1966/1971), 1973, 1974,

I'UICN

et I'Unite

de donnees sur

les aires protegees qui fait partie

1975, 1980, 1982.

La Commission
La Commission

des pares nationaux et des aires protegees de I'UICN

des pares nationaux et des aires protegees de I'UICN (CPNAP) est le principal organe international, scientifique et technique s'interessant au choix, a la creation et k I'amdnagement des pares nationaux et des aires protegees en general. Elle a des membres dans

90 pays qui sont tous des specialistes du domaine des aires protegees. La CPNAP est responsable de la partie du programme de I'UICN qui vise a encourager la mise en place et la gestion efficace d'un r6seau mondial d'aires protegees terrestres et marines.
plus de

Durant la pi^paration de la presente edition de la Liste des Nations Unies, la CPNAP etait plac6e sous la pr6sidence de Harold Eidsvik, Conseiller principal aupres du Service canadien des pares pour les politiques et sous la vice-presidence d'Adrian Phillips, directeur general de la Countryside Commission of England and Wales. Les travaux de la Commission etaient

Introduction

coordonn6s par James Thorsell, depuis le siege de I'UICN, k Gland, Suisse. La Commission est organist sur une base r6gionale. EUe compte 12 vice-pr6sidents pour les rdgions et tient normalement deux reunions par an. Depuis la compilation de la demi^re Liste des Nations Unies, des reunions ont eu lieu en Argentine, au Niger, en Nouvelle-Z^lande, au Costa Rica, en Italie,
au Vanuatu et en Tch6coslovaquie.

L'Unit^ de donn^es sur

les aires

protegees du

CMSC

L'Unit6 de donn6es sur les aires prot6g6es (PADU) a 6t6 CT66e par la CPNAP en 1981, chargde de traiter la quantity croissante de donn6es et d'aider la Commission k preparer des publications sur les pares nationaux et aires prot6g6es du monde entier. L'Unit6 est maintenant int6gr6e au

Centre mondial de surveillance continue de

la

conservation de la nature et bas6e k Cambridge,

au Royaume-Uni. Les travaux de PADU visent k foumir des informations pr6cises et ^ jour sur chaque aire prot6g6e, chaque r6seau d' aires prot6g6es, k ceux qui en ont besoin ou, a d6faut, de trouver ou obtenir rapidement cette information.

Afm

d'atteindre son objectif, le
entier, sont

CMSC

collabore avec les

nombreux organismes

qui, dans le
la

monde

charges de

g6rer les aires prot6g6es ainsi

qu'avec des specialistes de

conservation et des scientifiques actifs dans ce domaine. La plupart des personnes concem^es sont membres de la CPNAP. PADU est 6galement charg6e de g6rer I'information sur les reserves

biosph&re et les biens du patrimoine mondial (responsabilit^s qui lui sont confi6es et le Comit6 du patrimoine mondial) ainsi que sur les sites (zones respectivement par le

de

la

MAB

humides) figurant sur de Ramsar).

la Liste

de

la

Convention de Ramsar (responsabilit^ confide par

le

Bureau

Crit^res d'inscription
Trois entires

gouvement

I'inscription

d'une aire protegee sur

la Liste

des Nations Unies: ses

dimensions, les objectifs de gestion et Tautoritd de I'organe de gestion.
1.

Les dimensions:

Seules sont incluses les aires protegees de plus de 1000 hectares, k
si elles

I'exception d'iles ocdaniques qui couvrent au moins 100 hectares,
protdgdes. Mille hectares Equivalent k 10 kilometres carrds.
2.

sont entierement

Protected Areas (Categories, objectifs et crit&res

document Categories, Objectives and Criteria for relatifs aux aires prot6gdes) publi6 dans les proc^s-verbaux du Congres des pares nationaux tenu k Bali, la CPNAP et I'UICN ont d6fmi une s6rie de categories de gestion pour les aires protegees. Les definitions en
Les objectifs de gestion:

Dans

le

question sont donndes ci-apres. Les

sites

ddsignds au plan national sont classes dans les

categories approprides de I'UICN, en fonction de leurs objectifs de gestion definis

juridiquement et de

la

fa9on dont ces objectifs sont mis en oeuvre.
site n'est

Lorsqu'il est apparent, k travers I'information disponible, qu'un

pas ger6 de fa^on

k appliquer les objectifs fix6s par la Idgilation nationale, ce site peut etre omis de la Liste ou, le cas 6cheant, inclus dans une autre categorie. Cela peut se produire dans le cas
d'utilisation inappropri6e

guerre civile,

de ressources inaddquates, d'empietement grave ou de evEnements sur lesquels I'organe de gestion n'a souvent aucune prise. D est
site,

du

entendu que I'omission ou

le

reclassement sont temporaires, en attendant de meilleures
le terrain.

informations ou une amelioration de la situation sur

Introduction

L' Edition 1990 de la Liste des Nations Unies inclut les sites des categories de gestion

UICN

de I k V. Les aires prot6g6es qui sont ^galement des sites Ramsar, des biens du patrimoine mondial ou des reserves de la biosphere figurent k la fois dans les listes nationales et dans
les listes d'aires
3.

d'impoitance intemationale.

Autorite de I'organe de gestion: Seuls sont inclus dans la Liste des Nations Unies les sites g6r6s par la "plus haute autorit^ comp^tente" c'est-a-dire le plus haut organe

gouvememental appropri^.

La Liste des Nations Unies 1990
et,

est la troisieme

que pr^parent de concert

PADU et la CPNAP
Les r6seaux
en grande

comme

dans

le

cas des deux pr6c6dentes (publi6es en 1982 et 1985), cette Liste a 6te
les criteres d'inscription soient restes inchanges.

considerablement 61argie bien que
d'aires prot^g6es ont
partie, k

connu une
II

forte

expansion mais, en

fait,

celle

de

la Liste est due,

ramdlioration des informations disponibles et ^ une meilleiuie capacity mise en place
les g6rer.

pour les recueillir et

importe d'avoir cela present k I'esprit pour bien

utiliser la Liste.

Presentation de la Liste des Nations Unies
Les
sites

qui satisfont aux criteres susmentionn6s sont classes pays par pays (dans I'ordre

alphab^tique du

nom

anglais du pays). Pour chaque pays, les sites figurent par ordre

alphab^tique, selon I'appellation nationale (par exemple pares nationaux, reserves naturelles,
sanctuaires de faune sauvage). Pour chaque
site, trois

Elements d'information sont foumis: la

cat6gorie de gestion selon I'UICN, les dimensions (en hectares) et I'ann^e de creation (ou de

modification importante des dimensions ou de I'appellation). Cette presentation differe de celle

des ann6es pr6c6dentes ou les
plus facile ^

sites 6taient classes selon les categories

de gestion de I'UICN

et

dot6s d'un code biog6ographique (voir ci-apres).
utiliser.

La presentation

actuelle devrait cependantetre

PADU ddtient de plus amples informations
Nations Unies
traitent

sur tous les sites.

Compilation de

la Liste des

La CPNAP

et

PADU

rassemblent et

des informations sur les aires protegees depuis

plusieurs ann6es. Elles disposent done d'un vaste capital de donn^es dont certaines ont €i€
publi^es. Elles resolvent, en permanence, de nouvelles informations. Pour preparer la Liste des

Nations Unies 1990,
des
listes

le

personnel de

PADU a examin6 le materiel existant, revise
la cat^gorie

et

mis k jour

d'aires prot6g6es (qui comprenaient

de gestion

UICN

appropri^e pour

chaque

site).

Des

projets

de

listes

nationaux et aux membres de
re^ue en retour,

la

CPNAP qui
la

de chaque pays ont €\£ envoy6s aux organes de gestion les ont verifies et mis a jour. Avec I'information

PADU

a r^vis^ les projets, r^solvant les questions pendantes avec ses contacts

dans

les

pays concem6s ou des cadres de

CPNAP.
oii

Une nouvelle proc6dure
gestion nationaux.

a i\£ mise ^ I'epreuve en Europe

des projets de

listes

ont 6ii envoy^s

pour examen aux vice-presidents r^gionaux de la CPNAP avant d'etre transmis aux organes de

Exactitude et qualite de Tinformation
on cr6e de nouvelles aires, on modifie les que d'autres sont d^truites par le d^veloppement industriel, limites de I'agriculture ou les catastrophes naturelles. Dire franchement que la conservation a fait des progrcs ces demieres ann6es, du point de vue de 1' augmentation de la superficie terrestre ou aquatique prot6g6e, serait tr^s difficile. II ne s'agit pas simplement d'hectares prot6g6s ou du

Le monde des

aires prot^gdes 6volue rapidement:

celles qui existent tandis

Introduction

nombre

d'aires protegees mais plutot de I'efficacit^ de la gestion.

Les

aires protdgees

remplissent-elles les objectifs qui ont pr^sid6 ^ leur creation?

La quality de
1

I'information qui sert de base a la compilation de la Liste des Nations Unies est tres

variable et 'information sur I'efficacit^ de la gestion fait encore d^faut pour un certain nombre de pays. Alors que la vaste majorite des pares nationaux remplissant les criteres appropries figure
sur la Liste, I'information sur les autres categories d'aires prot6g6es est encore incomplete et
il

faudra rassembler encore beaucoup de donnees avant d'avoir la certitude que les

listes

sont

completes pour chaque categorie. Certains pares d'Etat ou provinciaux ont ete inclus mais les donn6es ne sont pas encore totalement satisfaisantes. lA encore, il importe de rassembler

beaucoup plus de donnees.
doute des erreurs ou des omissions dans la Liste des Nations Unies esp^rons n^anmoins que ces erreurs et omissions nous permettront de recevoir des 1990. Nous informations encore plus precises. Les compilateurs assument I'entiere responsabilitd de ces
II

va de

soi qu'il reste sans

erreurs

ou omissions

et toute correction

ou mise a jour devrait leur etre communiquee ^ I'adresse

suivante:

Protected Areas Data Unit

World Conservation Monitoring Centre 219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3
Angleterre

ODL

Telephone: (0223) 277314
Telecopieur: (0223)
T61ex:

277136

817036 scmug

Remerciements
La Liste a €ii compilee par I'ensemble du personnel de PADU qui comprend actuellement: Graham Drucker (Afrique du Nord et Moyen-Orient), Harriet Gillet (saisie de donn6es), Michael
Green (Indo-Malaisie), Jeremy Harrison (chef de I'Unit^), Zbigniew Karpowicz (Europe et URSS), James Paine (Oc^anie) et Alison Suter (saisie de donndes). Graham Drucker a coordonne la compilation de la Liste pour les pays se trouvant hors des regions mentionnees.

La compilation
Commission
et

a €i€ activement soutenue par la

CPNAP et, en particulier, par les cadres de la

James Thorsell du

secretariat

de I'UICN.

La Liste ruiCN.

a

€\.€

prepar6e pour la publication par Barbara Lambert du Service des publications de

Enfin, de nombreuses personnes,

notamment des organes de gestion des
utilis6es

aires prot6g6es

de

chaque pays, ont foumi des informations
n'aurait

pour compiler cette

Liste.

Sans

elles, la Liste

pu

etre termin6e.

CATEGORIES FOR CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT
The maintenance and development of the human habitat requires that some areas be retained in their wild state. The quality of water, the maintenance of genetic materials, the protection of
scenic and aesthetic areas and the opportunity to enjoy and appreciate natural heritage,
all

depend

upon

the conservation of natural areas.

products (including

Other renewable natural resources include wood products, building materials, wild animal fish), grazing from natural grasslands, and water for agriculture, industry,

domestic use, and energy which can be produced on a sustained-yield basis.

some of these benefits can be received from natural areas or wildlands in perpetuity management is properly designed and implemented. However, there are types of benefits which compete with one another, for example, it is physically and biologically difficult to remove wood products and study natural ecosystems on the same area. But the preservation of
Logically,
if

a sample ecosystem and research and monitoring can be readily done together
the terrestrial and marine environments.

if

appropriately

designed and controlled. Controlled tourism and species conservation can be compatible in both

Management
set

categories can be designed and implemented so that each addresses a compatible
categories which maintain the most options include the national

of benefits, without the pursuit of any one benefit ruling out the possibility of receiving other

benefits.

Commonly known

park, wildlife sanctuary and forest reserve.

Even among
conflicts

generally compatible activities, conflicts

may

arise during particular seasons or

specific sites such as during nesting or calving periods or at critical habitats.

on These types of

can be treated through a zoning system or a periodic restricted

activity system.

Each

benefit is related to specific objectives of management, such as the protection of rare or endangered species or habitats, the conservation of natural features of aesthetic value, and the conservation of areas where renewable resources can be utilised on a sustained-yield basis. Ideally all objectives and activities are related to environmental protection and to economic and
social development.

Areas which are managed to meet specified compatible conservation objectives can be considered to be "protected areas"; they can be classified according to the objectives for which they are being managed. In contrast, however, the specific means required to meet the objectives
of conservation will depend upon each particular situation and will vary with cultural,
institutional, political

and economic considerations.

Conservation categories provide the basis for clearly incorporating conservation into development (eco-development). Each category relates to one or several of the major goals of a
nations's

development plan:
identity.

nutrition, education, housing, water, science, technology, defense

and national

\^ewed in this way, conservation categories become means for sustainable

development
Taken
together, these categories can be administered as a unified national system of conservation areas. In practice, the categories are generally divided among various divisions of central government; some of the categories may be administered by state, provincial or even private or

corporate institutions. Multiple use areas or international categories such as the Biosphere Reserve and the World Heritage Site will often require cooperative administration among several

Categories of Management

institutions.

What

is

important, however,

is that

a specified institution

is

made

responsible and

empowered
The

to provide for the appropriate

management of the
manage

resources.

ten categories of areas necessary to

the wildland resources of any nation can be

divided into three groups:
a)

Those categories

for

which CNfPPA and

WCMC take responsibiUty to monitor the status

of each conservation area and for which CNfPPA takes a responsibility to provide technical
advice as requested.
I
II

Scientific Reserve/Strict Nature Reserve

National Park
Natural Monument/Natural

in

Landmark

IV

Nature Conservation Reserve/Managed Nature Reserve/Wildlife Sanctuary
Protected Landscape or Seascape

V
b)

Those categories which are of particular importance to lUCN as a whole and are generally found in most nations, but would not be considered exclusively within the scope of may wish to monitor, and CNPPA to provide CNPPA. However, CNPPA and expertise, on those areas which are of particular importance to nature conservation.

WCMC

VI

Resource Reserve
Anthropological Reserve/Natural Biotic Area
Multiple Use

Vn
Vin
c)

Management Area/Managed Resource Area
part of international

Those categories which form
a previous category.

programmes and which have
to

specific

relevance for nature conservation yet may, in

many cases, already receive protection under
monitor these categories

CNPPA and WCMC may be called upon

and to provide special expertise
has consultative status.

in cooperation with other institutions with

which

lUCN

IX

Biosphere Reserves

X

World Heritage

Sites (Natural)

The following

sections are abbreviated versions of the definitions/criteria provided in the

lUCN/CNPPA
the

paper on Categories, Objectives and Criteria for Protected Areas published in

Bah

proceedings. Categories IX and

X

(Biosphere Reserves and World Heritage Sites) are

not defined here as they are discussed in an earlier section.

Category

I (Scientific

Reserve/Strict Nature Reserve)

These areas possess some outstanding ecosystems, features and/or species of flora and fauna of
national scientific importance or are representative of particular natural areas; they often contain
fragile

ecosystems of life forms, areas of important biological or geological diversity or areas of
is

particular importance to the conservation of genetic resources. Size

determined by the area

required to ensure the integrity of the area to accomplish the scientific

management

objective

and provide for the protection of the

area.

Natiu^ processes

are allowed to take place in the absence of

any direct human interference;

tourism, recreation, and public access are generally proscribed. Ecological processes may include natural acts that alter the ecological system or physiological features, such as naturally

occurring

fu-es, natural

succession, insect or disease outbreaks, storms, earthquakes and the like,

but necessarily exclude
as resource for studying

man-made

disturbances.
scientific

The educational function of the
knowledge.

site is to

serve

and obtaining

10

)

Categories of Management

Use of the reserve should in most cases be controlled by central government. Exceptions may be made where adequate safeguards and controls for long-term protection are ensured and where
the central government concurs.

Category

11 (National

Park)
in

The 10th General Assembly of lUCN, held

New

Delhi in November 1969 approved a

definition of the term "national park" in accordance with the following resolution:

Considering the importance given by the United Nations to the national park concept, as a sensible use of natural resources, and considering the increasing use which has been made during these last few years in some countries of the term
"national park" to designate areas with increasingly different status and objectives.

The 10th General Assembly of lUCN meeting in New Delhi in November 1969 recommends that all governments agree to reserve the term "national park" to areas
answering the following characteristics and to ensure that
private organisations wishing to set aside nature reserves
their local authorities

and

do

the same:

A national park is a relatively large area where:
1

one or several ecosystems are not materially altered by human exploitation and occupation, where plant and animal species, geomorphological sites and habitats are of special scientific, educative and recreative interest or which
contains a natural landscape of great beauty;
the highest competent authority of the country has taken steps to prevent or

2)

eliminate as soon as possible exploitation or occupation in the whole area and
to enforce effectively the respect of ecological, geomorphological or aesthetic

features 3)

which have

led to

its

establishment; and

visitors are

allowed to

enter,

under special conditions, for inspirational,

educative, cultural and recreative purposes.

Governments
1)

are accordingly requested not to designate as "national park":

A

scientific reserve

which can be entered only by special permission

(strict

nature reserve).
2)

A natural reserve managed by a private institution or a lower authority without
some type of recognition and control by the highest competent authority of the
country.

3)

A "special reserve"

as defined in the African

Convention on the Conservation

of Nature and Natural Resources of 1968 (fauna or flora reserve,
bird sanctuary, geological or forest reserve, 4)
etc.).

game reserve,

An inhabited and exploited area where landscape planning and measures taken
for the development of tourism have led to the setting up of "recreation areas"

where

industrialisation

and urbanisation are controlled and where public

outdoor recreation takes priority over die conservation of ecosystems (pare
naturel regional, nature park, Naturpark, etc.). Areas of this description which

may have been
course.

established as "national parks" should be redesignated in due

This resolution was subsequently adopted by the Second World Conference on National Parks held in Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks, 1972.

11

Categories of Management

must be prohibited in an area which is to be included within Category II. Exploitation is taken to include agricultural and pastoral activities, hunting, fishing, lumbering, mining, public works construction (transportation, communications, power, etc.), and residential, commercial or industrial occupation.
In general, exploitation of natural resources

recognised that within die boundaries of certain national parks there are existing villages, towns, communication networks, and the on-going activities connected with them. Provided that these areas do not occupy a significant part of the land and are de facto zoned and so arranged
It is

that they

do not disturb the effective protection of the remaining area, they will not be considered
from
this category.

as a basis for exclusion
It is

also recognised that

management

activities

may be necessary and desirable for maintenance
facilities,

of the desired flora and fauna, to maintain public access and administration and management of the area.
Effective zoning
is

and for die purposes of

At

the lltii

an important tool for avoidance of conflict of interests within protected areas. General Assembly of lUCN at Banff in 1972 it was agreed by CNPPA that sites

designated as national parks should include areas here designated as "strict natural zones", "managed natural zones", and "wilderness zones", and that they could in addition appropriately
contain areas of the kind here designated as "protected anthropological zones", or "protected
historical" or "archaeological zones".

However, national parks must be available for public visitation. This use, it was agreed, could be combined with the primary function of nature conservation through a system of zoning. In this, one zone would be established in which roads or other access ways may be constructed, buildings or other structures to accommodate tourism and park administrative functions may be located, and in which appropriate recreational facilities may be placed. This special tourism/ administrative zone would not be one designated primarily for nature conservation, but would be so delimited and located as to create minimum interference with the nature conservation function of the park. National parks can also satisfy the public visitation function by
establishment of wilderness areas over
all

or part of the national park, thus providing for limited

tourism of a special kind.

To

qualify as a national park in the

lUCN

sense therefore, an area

may

consist of various

combinations of zones as follows:

-

Wilderness zone only. Wilderness zone combined with strict natural zone, managed natural zone or both. Any or aU of the above zones combined with a tourist/administrative zone.

Any

or

all

of the above zones combined with one or more zones classified as

anthropological, archaeological or historical.

Category

III

(Natural Monument/Natural Landmark)

This category normally contains one or more of several specific natural features of outstanding
national significance which, because of uniqueness or rarity, should be protected.
feature to be protected ideally has
little

The

specific

or no evidence of man's activities. These features are not

of the size nor do they contain a diversity of features or representative ecosystems which would
justify their inclusion as a national park.

Size

is

not a significant factor, the area only needs to

be large enough to protect the integrity of the

site.

Although Category in areas

may have recreational and touristic value, they should be managed remain relatively free of human disturbance. These areas may be owned and managed by either to

12

Categories of Management
central or other

assurance that

government agencies or non-profit trusts or corporations as long as there they will be managed to protect their inherent features for the long term.

is

Category IV (Nature Conservation Reserve/Managed Nature
Reserve/Wildlife Sanctuary)

A Category IV area is desirable when protection of specific sites or habitats is essential to the continued well-being of resident or migratory fauna of national or global significance. Although a variety of areas faU within this category, each would have as its primary purpose the protection
of nature; the production of harvestable, renewable resources may play a secondary role in the management of a particular area. The size of the area is dependent upon the habitat requirements of the species
to be protected; these areas could be relatively small, consisting of nesting areas, marshes, or lakes, estuaries, forest, or grassland habitats, or fish spawning areas, or seagrass

feeding beds for marine mammals.

The area may

require habitat manipulation to provide

optimum conditions

for the species,

vegetative community, or feature according to individual circumstances. For example, a
particular grassland or heath

amount of livestock
animal

grazing; a

community may be protected and perpetuated through a limited marsh for wintering waterfowl may require continual removal of

excess reeds and supplementary planting of waterfowl food; or a reserve for an endangered

may need

protection against predators. Limited areas

may be developed

for

pubUc

education and appreciation of the work of wildlife

management

Ownership may be by the central government or, with adequate safeguards and controls, by lower levels of government, non-profit trusts or corporations or private individuals or groups.

Category

V (Protected Landscape or Seascape)
that fall within this category
is

The scope of areas
in

necessarily broad because of the

wide variety
be reflected

of semi-natural and cultural landscapes that occur within various nations. This

may

two types of

areas: those

whose landscapes possess
land;

special aesthetic qualities

which

are a

result of the interaction of

man and

and those
uses.

that are primarily natural areas

managed

intensively

by man

for recreational

and tourism

In the former case, these landscapes

may

demonstrate certain cultural manifestations such
traits as

as:

customs, beliefs, social organisation, or material

reflected in land use patterns.

These

landscapes are characterised by either scenically attractive or aesthetically unique patterns of human settiement. Traditional land use practices associated widi agriculture, grazing, and fishing
arc

dominant The area
latter

is

large

enough

to ensure the integrity of die landscape pattern.

case often includes natural or scenic areas found along coastlines and lake shores, in hilly or mountainous terrain, or along the shores of rivers, often adjacent to tourist highways or population centres; many will have the potential to be developed for a variety of outdoor

The

recreational uses with national significance.

In

control

some cases the area may be privately held and the use of either central or delegated planning would be necessary to ensure the perpetuation of both the land use and life style. Means
management practices.
In other instances, the

of government assistance might be required to improve the standard of living while maintaining
the natural quality of the site through appropriate

areas are established and
private ownership.

managed under

public ownership, or a combination of public and

13

Categories of Management

Category VI (Resource Reserve - Interim Conservation Unit)
Category VI areas will normally comprise an extensive and relatively isolated and uninhabited area having difficult access, or regions that are lightly populated yet may be under considerable pressure for colonisation and greater utilisation. In many cases, there has been little study or
evaluation of these areas, so the consequences of converting these areas to agriculture, mineral or timber extraction, the construction of roads, or intensive fishing, dredging or mariculture is unclear. Similarly, use of the resources may not be appropriate because of the lack of technology,

human or financial resource restrictions, or alternative national priorities. Consequently, natural, social, and economic values are not sufficiently identified to permit the area to be managed for
specific objectives or to justify
its

conversion to other uses.

On

land, restricted access

is

implied

Areas

so areas will normally require control, depending upon may be owned or administered by government or public corporations.
the pressures to enter

and

utilise the area.

Maintenance of existing conditions
areas
is

to allow for studies

on

the potential use for the designated

a prerequisite.

No

exploitation should occur with the exception of use of resources by

indigenous inhabitants; ongoing ecologically sound activities are acceptable. This category might also be used for those areas which are protected by legislation, but which have not been implemented, for whatever reason.

Category VII (Natural Biotic Area/Anthropological Reserve)
Category VII areas are characterised by natural areas where the influence or technology of modem man has not significantly interfered with or been absorbed by the traditional ways of life of the inhabitants. These areas may be remote and isolated and their inaccessibility may be
maintained for a considerable period of time. The societies are of particular significance to the maintenance of cultural diversity; there is a strong dependence of man upon the natural

environment for food,

shelter,

and other basic material

to sustain life.
life is

Extensive cultivation or

other major modifications of the vegetation and animal

not permitted.

Management

is

oriented towards the maintenance of habitat for traditional societies so as to

provide for their continuance within their

own

cultural mores.

Category VIII (Multiple Use Management Areas/Managed Resource Areas)

A Category VIII area is large, containing considerable territory suitable for production of wood
products, water, pasture, wildlife, marine products and outdoor recreation; parts of the area

may

be settled and

may have been

altered

exceptional natural features, or
national significance.

may

as a

by man. The area may possess nationally unique or whole represent a feature or area of international or

Planning programmes to ensure the area is managed on a sustained yield basis is a prerequisite. Land ownership is under government control. Through proper zoning, significant areas can be
given specific additional protection. For instance, the establishment of wUdemess-type areas
consistent with the purpose of these areas as
is

would be establishing nature reserves. Multiple use, in the context of Category Vni, is considered to be the management of all renewable resources, utilised in some combination to best meet the needs of the country. The major premise in the management of these areas is that they will be managed to maintain the overall productivity of the areas and their resources in perpetuity.

14

CATEGORIES DE GESTION DES ESPACES NATURELS POUR LA CONSERVATION
Le maintien
mise en valeur de I'habitat humain exigent que certains espaces demeurent a I'etat sauvage. La qualite de I'eau, la sauvegarde du patrimoine genetique, la protection des paysages et la beaute de certaines regions, enfin la possibilite d'apprecier le patrimoine naturel et d'en profiter: tout cela depend de la conservation des zones naturelles.
et la

Au nombre

il faut compter le bois et ses derives, ler d'animaux sauvages (y compris le poisson), les parcours naturels utilises pour le paturage, I'eau destinee a ragriculture, a I'industrie et a la consommation domestique ainsi que I'energie renouvelable.

des ressources naturelles renouvelables,
les produits

materiaux de construction,

En

principe, certaines de ces ressources peuvent etre obtenues de fa^on permanente, danc la
oii la

mesure

gestion des zones naturelles ou sauvages est congue et mise en oeuvre de fagon Cependant, certaines activites entreront necessairement en conflit et sont par appropriee. consequent incompatibles. Ainsi, il est difficile, d'un point de vue physique et biologique, de

prelever les produits du bois dans un ecosysteme naturel

et,
il

simultanement, d'etudier

le

fonctionnement naturel de cet ecosysteme; en revanche,

est possible

de preserver un

ecosysteme echantillon
si

et d'y mener des recherches et un programme de surveillance continue amenagee et controlee de fagon appropriee. Le tourisme organise et la conservation des especes peuvent etre compatibles dans un milieu, qu'il soit terrestre ou marin.

la

zone

est

Des

categories de gestion des espaces namrels peuvent etre congues et attribuees de fagon a repondre a un ensemble d'objectifs compatibles, la poursuite d'un objectif particulier n'excluant pas la possibilite de tirer d'autres profits. Les categories les plus connues et qui presentent le plus

de possibilites sont
II

le

pare national,

le

sanctuaire de faune et la reserve forestiere.

arrive que,

meme

entre des activites generalement compatibles, des conflits se produisent a

certaines periodes (nidification, periodes de mise bas)
critiques).

De

tels conflits

peuvent normalement

etre regies

ou en des endroits particuliers (biotopes en ayant recours a la zonation ou a

des periodes d'activites limitees.

Toute ressource appelle des objectifs de gestion specifiques tels que la protection d'especes ou d'habitats rares ou menaces, la conservation de paysages exceptionnels ou d'elements naturels pr^sentant une valeur esthetique, la conservation de zones ou les ressources namrelles peuvent
etre pr61ev6es et utilisees

de fagon durable. Dans 1' ideal, tous les objectifs et activites devraient s'inscrire dans une perspective de protection de I'environnement et de developpement
socio-6conomique.

amenagees de fagon a repondre a des Ces zones peuvent etre classees en fonction objectifs de conservation specifiques et compatibles. des objectifs pour lesquels elles sont gerees. En revanche, les moyens a mettre en oeuvre pour

On considere comme

"aires protegees" les zones qui sont

realiser ces objectifs

de conservation dependront de chaque cas particulier et varieront en fonction de considerations culturelles, institutionnelles, politiques et economiques.

Les categories de zones de conservation permettent d'incorporer nettement les principes de conservation dans le developpement (6co-developpement). Chacune d'elles se rattache a un ou plusieurs objectifs du plan de developpement d'un pays: nutrition, education, logement, eau,
science et technologic, defense et identite nationale. Considerees sous cet angle, les diverses d'un catdgories de gestion des zones naturelles deviennent des instruments au service

developpement durable.

15

Categories de gestion

Ces

categories, prises toutes ensembles, peuvent etre g6r6es dans le cadre d'un systeme national
la pratique, les diverses categories

harmonist d'aires de conservation. Dans
organismes
d'6tat,

sont en g6n6ral

g6r6es par diffdrents services gouvemementaux. Certaines categories sont administr6es par des

provinciaux ou

meme

par des institutions privies ou des associations.
fins d'utilisation multiple

L' administration d'aires

am^nag^es k des

ou des categories

intemationales telles que les reserves de la biosphere ou les biens du patrimoine mondial,
n^cessite souvent la cooperation de plusieurs institutions. L'important toutefois est qu'une
institution

donnee

soit

responsable et qu'elle

ait le

pouvoir d'assurer

la gestion

appropriee des

rcssources.

Les dix categories necessaires ^ divisees en trois groupes:
a)

la gestion

des ressources naturelles d'un pays peuvent etre

Les categories pour lesquelles
la conservation

la

CPNAP et le Centre mondial de surveillance continue de
de chaque zone
la

de
et

la nature se chargent d'assurer la surveillance continue

de conservation
I

pour lesquelles

CPNAP donnera ses avis techniques sur demande.

Reserves scientifiques/Reserves naturelles integrales
Pares nationaux

n
in

Monuments
faune

naturels/Eiements naturels marquants
la

IV

Reserves de conservation de

nature/Reserves naturelles dirigees/Sanctuaires de

V
b)

Paysages

terrestres

ou marins proteges
particuliere

Les categories qui ont une importance
exclusivement du ressort de
la

pour I'UICN en general
la

et

que Ton
etant

rencontre dans la plupart des pays, mais qui ne sont pas considerees

comme

CPNAP. Neanmoins
particulifere

souhaiter en assurer la surveillance continue et la

CPNAP et le Centre peuvent CPNAP apporter son expertise sur les
la

zones qui presentent une importance

pour

conservation de

la nature.

VI

Reserves de ressources naturelles Reserves anthropologiques/Regions biologiques naturelles
naturelles

Vn

Vrn Regions

amenagees \ des

fins d'utilisation multiple/Zones

de gestion des

rcssources naturelles
c)

Les categories qui relevent des programmes intemationaux et qui interessent par certains aspects la conservation de la nature, mais qui dans des cas particuliers, beneficient dtyk d'une protection au titre d'une des categories enoncees precedemment. La CPNAP peut
etre appeiee k surveiller ces categories et k apporter

une expertise particuliere en cooperation avec d'autres institutions aupres desquelles I'UICN jouit d'un statut
consultatif.

IX

Reserves de

la

biosphere

X

Biens (naturels) du patrimoine mondial.

Les paragraphes suivants sont des versions abregees des defmitions/criteres figurant dans le document de la CPNAP et de I'UICN, Categories, Objectives and Criteria for Protected Areas, publie dans les proces-verbaux de Bali. Les categories IX et X (reserves de la biosphere et biens du patrimoine mondial) ne sont pas definies ici car elles sont traitees dans un paragraphe
anterieur.

16

Categories de gestion

Categoric I (Reserves scientiflques/Reserves naturelles integrales)
Ces espaces component des 6cosystemes remarquables, des 616nients ou des espies animales une importance scientifique nationale, ou sont repr^sentatifs de regions naturelles particulieres. Hs renferment souvent des ^osystemes ou des formes de vie fragiles, des zones prdsentant une diversity remarquable du point de vue biologique ou g6ologique ou qui
et v^gdtales pr6sentant

dimension

sont particulierement importantes pour la conservation des ressources g^n^tiques. Leur est d6termin6e par la superficie requise pour assurer rint6grit6 du territoire permettant

d'atteindre les objectifs de gestion scientifique et de protection.

Les processus naturels peuvent s'y derouler en I'absence de toute intervention directe de I'homme: le tourisme, les activitds de loisir et I'acces du public sont g6n6ralement interdits. Ces processus peuvent etre des phenomenes naturels qui alterent le systeme ecologique ou ['element physique k un moment donnd, tels que les feux spontanes, les successions v6getales naturelles,
les

Epidemics ou infestations d'insectes,

les orages, les

tremblements de

terre, etc.,

mais excluent

les perturbations artificielles.

Le

site

a pour fonction educatrice de servir de sujet d'6tude,

permettant de farre avancer la connaissance scientifique.
L'utilisation

de ces reserves devrait etre placee sous la responsabilite du le cas de regions oii la protection terme est garantie par des mesures adequates de sauvegarde et de controle auxquelles le a long de
la plupart

gouvemement gouvemement

central.

On peut envisager des exceptions dans

participe.

Categoric II (Pares nationaux)

La lOe Assemblee

generale de I'UICN qui s'est reunie a
le

New Delhi en novembre

1969 a adopte

une resolution definissant

terme "pare national":

Vu

I'importance reconnue aux pares nationaux par les Nations Unies en tant

qu'aspect de I'emploi judieieux des ressources naturelles, et vu l'utilisation croissante depuis quelques annees qui est faite dans certains pays de I'expression
"pare national" pour designer des territoires a statut et a objectifs de plus en plus

Assemblee generale de I'UICN, reunie a la NouveUe-Delhi en novembre 1969 recommande que les gouvemements de tous les pays acceptent de reserver la denomination "pare national" aux territoires repondant aux
differents, la lOe

caraetdristiques ci-apres et d'assurer

que

les

pouvoirs locaux et les organisations

priv6es ddsireux de eonstituer des reserves naturelles fassent de

meme:

Un pare
1)

national est

un

territoire

relativement etendu:

qui presente un ou plusieurs ecosystemes, gendralement peu ou pas transformes par I'exploitation et I'oceupation humaine, ou les espeees
vegetales et animales, les sites geomorphologiques et les habitats offrent un
interet special

du point de vue

scientifique, edueatif et recreatif,

ou dans

lesquels existent des paysages naturels de grande valeur esthetique
2)

et,

dans lequel

la plus

haute autorite competente du pays a pris des mesures pour

empecher ou eliminer des que possible, sur toute sa surface, cette exploitation ou cette occupation, et pour y faire effectivement respecterles entites
3)

6cologiques, geomorphologiques ou esthetiques ayant justifid sa creation et dont la visite est autorisee, sous certaines conditions, a des fins recreatives,

6dueatives et eulturelles.

17

Categories de gestion

En consequence,

il

est

demande aux gouvemements de ne plus designer sous

le

nom

de "pare national":
1)

Une
Une

r6serve scientifique dont I'acces exige une autorisation sp^iale (reserve

naturelle int^grale).

2)

reserve naturelle geree par une institution priv6e ou par un pouvoir subordonn6, en dehors de toute reconnaissance et de tout controle de la plus

haute autorit^ competente du pays.
3)

Une
de

"reserve sp6ciale" designee aux termes de la Convention africaine de 1 968 sur la conservation de la nature et des ressources naturelles (reserves de faune,
flore,

de chasse, sanctuaire omithologique, reserve gdologique,
peuplee
et exploitde,

forestiere,

etc.).

4)

Une zone

ou un plan regional d'amenagement du territoire et de developpement touristique vise a creer, en retardant I'industrialisation et I'urbanisation, une zone destin^e plus ^ la r6cr6ation du
public qu'a la conservation des ecosystemes (pare naturel regional, nature park, Naturpark, etc.). Des territoires repondant ^ cette description qui ont €\£

appel^s "pares nationaux" devraient voir leur denomination modifi6e

le

moment

venu.

Cette resolution a €i€ adoptee ult6rieurement par la deuxieme Conference mondiale sur les pares nationaux (pares nationaux de Yellowstone et de Grand Teton, 1972).

En

general,

1

'exploitation des ressources naturelles doit etre interdite dans
II.

un

territoire

susceptible de figurer dans la categorie
et minieres, la chasse, la

On

entend par exploitation les activites agro-pastorales

peche, la sylviculture, la construction d'ouvrages d'interet public
etc.) ainsi

(transport,

communications, Anergic,

que

les activites

immobilieres, commerciales ou

industrielles.

qu'^ rint^rieur des limites de certains pares nationaux, il existe des villages, des petites des r6seaux routiers et toutes les activites qui y sont li6es. A condition que ces etablissements et 6quipements n'occupent pas une partie trop importante de la surface totale,
sait

On

villes,

qu'ils fassent partie de facto

d'une zone definie

et qu'ils soient
ils

con9us de maniere ^ ne pas

entraver la protection efficace de I'espace restant,
justifier I'exclusion

ne constitueront pas un motif suffisant pour

de

la categorie.

On sait dgalement que les activites d'amenagement peuvent etre ndcessaires,
pour
de
I'entretien

voire souhaitables,

de

la

faune

et

de

la flore,

des voies d'acces et locaux prevus pour les touristes,
I'airc.

meme que pour les

besoins de I'administration et de la gestion de

La

zonation est un outil efficace qui permet d'eviter les conflits d'interet k I'int^rieur des aires
1

protegees. Lors de la

le
1

Assembl6e Gdn^rale de I'UICN a Banff,

la

CPNAP a convenu que les

territoires d6sign6s sous 'appellation de pares nationaux devraient inclure des espaces d6sign6s
ici

sous

le

nom

d'espaces naturels de "protection int6grale", "espaces naturels dirig6s" et "zones
et qu'ils

de nature sauvage"

pouvaient en outre contenir,

le

cas 6ch6ant, des aires

d6nomm6es

"zones anthropologiques prot6g6es" ou "zones historiques" ou "arch^ologiques prot6g6es".

dependant,
etre

les pares

nationaux doivent etre ouverts au public. Cette fonction peut parfaitement

combin6e avec le role fondamental de protection de la nature par un systeme de zonation. Ainsi on pourrait 6tablir une zone ou serait autoris6e la construction de routes ou d'autres voies d'acces, de batiments ou autres 6difiees n6cessaires k I'aecueil des touristes et aux services administratifs du pare, ainsi que d'dventuelles installations r6cr6atives de type appropri6. Cette

18

Categories de gestion

zone sp&iale k vocation touristique et administrative n'aurait pas pour role principal la conservation de la nature mais serait implantee et delimitee de maniere a produire le moins d'interferences possibles avec la fonction du pare, qui est d'assurer la conservation de la nature.

Les pares nationaux peuvent aussi remplir leur fonction d'accueil du public par la creation sur la totalite ou partie de leur territoire, de zones de nature sauvage ou un tourisme limite de type
particulier est autoris6.

Pour pretendre k I'appelation de pare national telle que la congoit I'UICN, espaces peut etre moduli selon les combinaisons suivantes:

le

zonage de ces

-

Zone de nature sauvage uniquemenL Zone de nature sauvage combinee avec un espace naturel integral ou un espace nature! dirig6, ou encore avec I'un ou I'autre. L'une ou I'autre ou I'ensemble des zones 6numerees ci-dessus, combinees avec une zone
k vocation touristique/administrative.

L'une ou

I'autre

plusieurs zones classees

ou I'ensemble des zones enumerees ci-dessus combinees avec une ou comme zones anthropologiques, archeologiques ou historiques.

Categoric III (Monuments naturels/Elements naturels marquants)
Cette categoric contient normalement un ou plusieurs elements naturels particuliers

d'importance nationale exceptionnelle qui, par leur caractere unique ou rare devraient etre
proteges.

Dans

le

meilleur des cas, I'element particulier k proteger ne
I'activite

compone pas ou

pratiquement pas de traces de
justifierait leur inclusion

de I'homme. Ces Elements n'occupent pas des superficies

etendues et ne contiennent pas la variety de caracteristiques ou d'ecosystemes represertatifs qui

dans la categorie des pares nationaux. La superficie n'est pas un facteur
site.

important: le territoire doit etre suffisamment 6tendu pour assurer I'integrite du

HI puissent presenter un interet sur le plan des loisirs et du tourisme, leur gestion doit les preserver dans toute la mesure du possible des perturbations artificielles. lis peuvent appartenir a des organismes publics - nationaux ou autres - ou etre geres par eux, ou des organisations ou associations sans but lucratif, pour autant que leur gestion assure
Bien que
les sites

de

la categorie

la protection k

long terme des 616ments interessants.

Categorie FV (Reserves de conservation de diriges/Sanctuaires de faune)
II

la

nature/Reserves naturelles

est souhaitable d'inclure

un

territoire

dans

la

d'habitats particuliers est essentielle au maintien

categorie IV lorsque la protection de sites ou du bon 6tat d'une faune sedentaire ou migratriee

d'importance nationale ou mondiale. Bien que diff6rents types de territoires entrent dans cette cat6gorie, ils devraient tous avoir pour objectif premier la protection de la nature; la production de ressources exploitables et renouvelables peut jouer un role secondaire dans la gestion d'une
aire

donn6e. Les dimensions de

de I'esp^e k proteger Ces aires nidifieation, des biotopes de marais ou

zone dependent des exigences vis-^-vis de I'environnement peuvent etre relativement limitees et comprennent des zones de
la
lacs, estuaires, forets

poisson ou des herbiers marins pour les

ou mammiferes marins.

prairies,

des aires de

frai

pour

le

Une

intervention pourra s'av6rcr n^cessaire dans de tels sites

afm d'assurer des conditions

optimales aux espies, communaut^s v6g6tales ou 616ments physiques du milieu, selon le cas. Ainsi un groupement v6g^tal particulier de prairie ou de lande k bruyere peut etre proteg6 et perp€tu6 par un paturage limits. Un marais oii hivement les oiseaux d'eau peut n^eessiter renl6vement continu des exc6dents de roseaux et la plantation de v6g6taux servant k

19

.

Categories de gestion

ralimentation des oiseaux; une reserve creee pour un animal menace peut exiger I'adoption de

mesures de protection contre les predateurs. Des secteurs limites peuvent etre equipes de materiel pedagogique et destines k faire connaitre le travail de gestion de la faune sauvage.

Ces

territoires

peuvent etre propriete de I'Etat ou d'autres instances a un niveau moins eleve,
et

d'organisations ou associations sans buts lucratifs ou de personnes ou groupes prives, a condition

que des mesures de sauvegarde

de controle soient en place.

Categoric

V (Paysages terrestres ou marins proteges)
s'inscrivent dans cette categorie est necessairement assez large
et culturels qui existent
le

La vocation des zones qui
de
la

grande diversite des paysages semi-naturels

de par

le

du monde.

fait

On

peut degager deux grands types d'espaces de ce genre: ceux dont
esthetiques particulieres resultant de interaction de

I'homme

et

paysage presente des qualites de la nature, et ceux qui sont

avant tout des zones naturelles que I'homme amenage de fa^on intensive dans un but de loisirs
et

de tourisme.
le

Dans

premier cas,

les

paysages peuvent etre 1 'expression de

faits culturels tels

que coutumes,

croyances, organisation sociale ou d'elements physiques

tels qu'ils

s'expriment a travers les

modes

d'utilisation

du

sol.

De

tels

paysages sont caracterises par des formes d'occupation du sol

qui sont soit attrayantes visuellement, soit uniques sur le plan esthetique. Les formes
traditionnelles d'utilisation de I'espace liees a I'agriculture, au paturage, a la

peche en sont

I'element dominant.

La zone consideree

est

suffisamment etendue pour assurer I'integrite du

paysage en question.

Le second type comprend souvent des
au bord des
lacs,

sites naturels

ou panoramiques
le

situes le long des cotes,

dans des regions de collines

et

de montagnes,

long de rivieres et souvent,

pres des grandes routes touristiques ou aux alentours de centres habites. sont susceptibles d'etre amenagees de fagon a satisfaire toute une

Nombre de
de
loisirs

ces zones
air

gamme

de plein

d'importance nationale.

Dans

qu'un controle de la ou a des niveaux inferieurs, afin d'assurer la p^rennitd de I'utilisation du territoire et du mode de vie de ses habitants. Certaines formes d'aide publique peuvent etre necessaires pour ameliorer les conditions de vie tout en maintenant la quality du paysage par une gestion appropriee. Dans d'autres cas, les aires sont
il

certains cas, le territoire est propriete privee et

est necessaire

planification de cet espace soit prevu a I'echelon le plus eleve

designees et gerees

comme

bien public ou

comme propriete

a la fois publique et privee.

Categoric VI (Reserves de ressources naturelles)
Les espaces entrant dans
la

categorie

VI devront normalement comprendre des zones etendues
ou des regions peu peuplees mais sur

et relativement isolees et inhabitees, d'acces difficile,

lesquelles s'exercent des pressions considerables de colonisation et d'utilisation accrue.

Dans

bien des cas, ces regions ont i\& peu 6tudiees ou evaluees et Ton connait mal les consequences possibles de leur mise en culture, de 1' exploitation miniere ou forestiere, de I'ouverture de routes

ou d'une peche intensive, du draguage ou de la mariculture. D'autre part, I'utilisation des ressources peut ne pas etre opportune, en raison d'obstacles humains, financiers ou technologiques, ou parce qu'il existe d'autres priorites nationales. De ce fait, la valeur naturelle,
sociale et 6conomique n'a pas ete suffisamment bien definie pour permettre d'amenager la region consid6r6e, en fonction d'objectifs sp6cifiques ou pour justifier le passage ^ d'autres types

en etant limite, de telles regions doivent normalement etre soumises a un contidle en fonction des pressions qui s'exercent pour s'installer dans ce territoire et I'utiliser.
d'utilisation. L'acces

20

Categories de gestion

Les

terres

peuvent

etre administr6es par I'Etat

ou par des

associations publiques

ou

meme

leur

appartenir.

Pour peimettre I'dtude des utilisations possibles de la region consid6r6e, le maintien des conditions existantes est un pr^alable indispensable. Aucune exploitation ne devrait etre permise, h I'exception de I'utilisation des ressources par la population indigene. Les activit^s fondees du
point de I'^cologie sont acceptables.

Cette cat^gorie est 6galement utilis6e dans la banque de donnees du Centre mondial de surveillance continue de la conservation de la nature pour les aires qui sont prot6g6es par la
legislation
est

mais qui, pour diverses raisons, ne disposent pas d'infrastructure reconnue inadequate.

et

dont

la protection

Cat^gorie VII (Regions biologiques naturelles/R^serves anthropologiques)
Les regions qui entrent dans
technologic
cette categoric se caracterisent par le fait

que I'influence de

la

incorporde

modeme ne s'y est pas exercee de fa^on importante ou que cette demiere n'a pas ete dans le mode de vie traditionnel de ses habitants. Ces regions peuvent etre recul^es

peuvent rester inaccessibles pendant longtemps encore. Les socidtes humaines qui comme particulierement importantes pour le maintien de la diversite culturelle de rhumanit6; I'homme depend ^troitement du milieu naturel pour subsister
et Isoldes et

y vivent sont consid6r6es
(nourriture, abri, etc.).

Les cultures extensives ou d'autres modifications importantes de
aiumale ne sont pas autoris^es.

la

v6g6tation

ou de

la vie

La

gestion est orient6e vers le maintien du milieu au benefice des societes traditionnelles afin

d'assurer la permanence de leur culture.

Categoric

Vm (Regions naturelles amenagees k des fins
la catdgorie

({'utilisation

multiple/Zones de gestion des ressources naturelles)

Une

aire

de

Vin

est vaste. Elle contient des territoires 6tendus

convenant a

la

production de pnoduits forestiers, d'eau, de paturages, de faune sauvage, produits marins
I'organisation de loisirs de plein
air.

et a

Certaines parties de ces regions peuvent etre occupees par

I'homme

et avoir 6\6 transform6es. L'aire peut posseder des

Elements naturels uniques ou

exceptionnels d'importance nationale ou, dans son ensemble, representer un element ou une

region d'importance nationale ou Internationale.

La

planification de I'utilisation de tels territoires pour assurer un rendement permanent des

ressources est une condition pr^alable indispensable.

Le gouvemement

est proprietaire.

Une

zonation appropride devrait permettre d'assurer une protection supplementaire de ces

territoires.

Ainsi, I'dtablissement de zones de nature sauvage (wilderness areas) est compatible avec les
objectifs

de

telles regions,

de

meme

que

la

citation de reserves naturelles.

Dans

le

cadre de

la

cat6gorie

Vm,

la formule d'utilisation multiple d'un territoire constitue le

mode de
ou d'une

gestion de
autre,

toutes les ressources renouvelables utilis6es en les combinant d'une maniere

pour

r6pondre au mieux aux besoins du pays. La principe essentiel d'un tel type de gestion est d'assurer le maintien k perpetuity de la productivity globale des ressources du territoire
consider^.

21

UMTED NATIONS LIST OF NATIONAL PARKS
AND PROTECTED AREAS
LISTE DES NATIONS UNIES DES PARCS NATIONAUX ET DES AIRES PROTEGEES
Name of Area/Nom de I'aire
Category/ Categorie Area/Superficie (ha)

Year/

Annee

AFGHANISTAN
Summary /Sommai re
Category/Categorie IV

Total

4 4

142,438

142,438

Waterfowl Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires d'oiseaux d'eau
Ab-i-Estada

27,000

Dashte-Nawar
Wildlife Reserves/Reserves de ressources sauvages

Ajar Valley
Wildlife Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires de ressources sauvages

Pamir-i-Buzurg

AFRIQUE DU SUD
Voir paragraphe

SOUTH AFRICA

ALBANIA/ALBANIE

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

ALGERIA/ALGERIE
Summary/Sominaire

National Parks and Protected Areas
Integral Nature Reserves/Reserves naturelles integrales

nheu dos Passaros Luando
Regional Nature Parks/Pares naturels regionaux Chimalavera

IV IV

170

828,000
15,000

1973 1955

1974

ANTARCTIC TREATY TERRITORY/TERRITOIRE DU TRAITE DE L'ANTARCTIQUE
Summary/Sommaire
Category/Categorie
I

5

3,062

Category/Categorie IV
Total
Special Protection Areas/Aires specialement protegees

4 9

194,487

197^49

Ardery and Odbert Island
Beaufort Island
Litchfield Island

I

220
1,865

I I

250
117

Moe

Island

I
I

Southern Powell and adjacent islands

610
29,120
3,027

Sites of Special Scientific Interest/Sites d'interet scientifique special

Barwick Valley
Byers Peninsular Marine Plain Mule Peninsula Western Shore, Admiralty Bay

IV IV IV IV

2,340 160,000

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA/ANTIGUA-ET-BARBUDA
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Nelson's Dockyard

II

4,128

ARABIE SAOUDITE Voir paragraphe SAUDI ARABIA

ARGENTINA/ARGENTINE
Summary/Sommaire

Pares nationaux

et aires

protdg^es

Lago Puelo

National Parks and Protected Areas
Peninsula San Julian

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

Provincial Parks/Pares provinciaux

Aconcagua

National Parks and Protected Areas

National Nature Reserves/Reserves naturelles nationales

Ashmore Reef
Coringa-Herald
Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs

I

Lihou Reef

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

Nalbaugh

National Parks and Protected Areas

Ingalba

IV

Ironbark

Kajuligah

Kemendok
Kooragang Lake Innes Limebumers Creek

Limpinwood
Macquarie Marshes

Mann

River

Manobalai Mount Hyland

Mount Neville Mount Seaview Mundoonen Munghom Gap Muogamarra Nadgee
Narran Lake
Nearie Lake

Nocoleche

Nombinnie
Pantoneys
Pilliga

Gown

Razorback

Round Hill
Rowleys Creek Gulf Scabby Range
Severn River

Sherwood The Basin The Hole Creek
Tinderry
Tollingo

Ulandra

Wallabadah

Watsons Creek

Winbumdale Wingen Maid

Woggoon
Yanga
Yathong
Flora Reserves/Reserves de flore

Banda Banda
Gilgai

Moira Lakes Mt Dromedary

Nunnock Swamp The Castles

n

National Parks and Protected Areas

Conway
Cooloola

n

D'Aguilar

Dagmar Range
Daintree

Deepwater Dipperu

Dunk Island Edmund Kennedy Ella Bay
Endeavour River Epping Forest Eubenangee Swamp
Eungella

Eurimbula
Flinders

Group

Forty Mile Scrub

Girraween
Gloucester and Middle Islands

Graham Range
Great Sandy Haslewood Island Group

Herbert River Falls Herbert River Gorge Hinchinbrook Channel Hinchinbrook Island

Hook Island
Hull River
Iron
Isla

Range Gorge

Jardine River

Jourama Falls Kroombit Tops
Lakefield

Lamington Lawn HiU
Littabella

Lizard Island

Lonesome
Magnetic Island
Maiala

Main Range Mazeppa
Mitchell

& Alice Rivers

Moreton Island Mount Aberdeen (1) Mount Aberdeen (2) Mount Barney Mount Blackwood

Mount Mistake

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Mount Spec

National Parks and Protected Areas

South Australia/Australie du sud

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

Karte

National Parks and Protected Areas

Rocky Cape
Southwest
Strzelecki

n

Walls of Jerusalem

Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature Betsey Island

Big Green Island
Chappell Islands
East Kangaroo Island

Lavinia

Lime Bay
Three

Hummock Island
de faune

Game Reserves/R6serves
Bruny Island Neck

New Year Island

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

Reference Areas/Aires de reference

National Parks and Protected Areas

Coastal Parks/Pares cotiers

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Beedelup Boorabbin Bungle Bungle

n

Cape Arid Cape Le Grand Cape Range Collier Range
D'Entrecasteaux

Drovers Cave Drysdale River

Eucla
Fitzgerald River

Frank Hann
Geikie Gorge

Goongairie

Hamersley Range
Hassell

Hidden Valley
John Forrest
Kalbarri

Leeuwin-Naturaliste
Millstream-Chichester

Moore River

Nambung
Neerabup Peak Charles Pemberton Porongurup
Rudall River
Scott

Shannon Sir James Mitchell Stirling Range
Stockyard Gully
Stokes
Tathra

Tomdimip
Tuart

Walpole-Nomalup Walyimga Warren Watheroo West Cape Howe
William Bay

Wmdjana Gorge
Wolf Creek Crater
Yalgorup

Yanchep

National Parks and Protected Areas

Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature

25 Mile Brook Arthur River Ascot
Austin

IV

Bay Reserve

Bakers Junction
Barlee Range

Barrow Island
Basil

Road

Bendering Bemier and Dorre Islands

Beynon
Billyacatting Hill

Boyagin
Buntine

Bumgup
Burrma Road
Cairlocup

Camel Lake Capamauro Carlyam Cheadanup
Chiddarcooping

Chinocup
Coblinine

Cooloomia
Corackerup

Comeecup
Dobaderry Dolphin Island Dongolocking Dragon Rocks
Duladgin

Dumbleyung Lake Dunn Rock
Durokoppin Gibson Desert
Gingilup

Swamps

Goodlands
Great Victoria Desert

Haddleton
Harris
Jebarijup
Jilbadji

Lake

Joverdine

Kathleen

Kondinin Salt Marsh Kooljemenup

Kundip Lacepede Islands

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

Lake Ace Lake Bryde Lake Campion Lake Cronin Lake Gounter Lake Hurlstone Lake Liddelow

IV

LakeLogue
Lake Lake Lake Lake

Magenta Muir
Shaster

Varley

Lakeland

Lowendal Islands Mill Brook

Moondyne

Mt Manypeaks
Mungaroona Range

Namming
Nilgen

No 01058 No 01059 No 07634 No 08029 No 08434 No 10129 No 14429 No 16305 No 18583 No 19210 No 19881 No 20262 No 23825 No 24486 No 24496 No 26442 No 26792 No 26885 No 27386 No 27388 No 27487 No 27768 No 27872 No 27888 No 27985 No 28323 No 28940 No 29012 No 29027 No 29184

National Parks and Protected Areas

No 29920 No 30583 No 31424 No 31742 No 31799 No 31967 No 32129 No 32130 No 32131 No 32776 No 32777 No 32779 No 32780 No 32783 No 32784 No 32864 No 32995 No 33113 No 33466 No 33475 No 34604 No 34605 No 34720 No 34776 No 35659 No 35752 No 35918 No 36003 No 36053 No 36203 No 36208 No 36271 No 36419 No 36913 No 36915 No 36918 No 36936 No 36957 No 37083 No 38450 No 38545 No 39422 No 40156 No 40161 No 40628
North Karlgarin North Sister North Tarin Rock

IV

Nuytsland
Pallarup

IV

625,343

1965

43

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Palm Springs

National Parks and Protected Areas

Grossglockner-Pasterze mit Gamsgrube

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

GoU

National Parks and Protected Areas

Veitsch-Schneealpe-Raxalpe

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

National Parks/Pares nationaux

Bhawal Madhupur
Wildlife Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires de ressources sauvages

V

Chunati
Pablakhali

Rema-Kalenga
Sundarbans East Sundarbans South Sundarbans West

National Parks and Protected Areas

BENIN

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Manuripi Heath Amazonica

National Parks and Protected Areas
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Pares nationaux et aires protigies

Tingua

National Parks and Protected Areas
Ibitipoca

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

State

Environment Protection Areas/Aires publiques

de protection de I'environnement

Abaete Bacia dos Rios Piracicaba e Juqueri - Mirim Bacias do Gama e Cabeca do Veado Cabreuva
Cafuringa

V

Cajamar

Campos do Jordao
Corumbatai-Botucatu-Tejupa

Descoberto

Desengano
Fernando de Noronha-Rocas-S. Pedro e S.Paul
Floresta

do Jacaranda

Gruta dos BrejoesAfereda do
Ibitinga

Romao Gramacho

nha Comprida
Jundiai

Mangaratiba

Sao Bartolomeu Serra das Mangabeiras
Serra do
Silveiras

Mar

Tiete

Varzea do Alto Tiete

National Parks and Protected Areas
Pirin

Roussenski Lorn
Sinite

m
n n n
IV IV IV
I

n

27,400
3,259
6,685 5,487

1963

1970
1981

kamani

Steneto

Vitosha
Zlatni pyassatzi

26,547
1,320

1963 1934 1943

Botanical Reserves/Reserves botaniques

Tchervenata stena
Tissata (Tissova Bartchina)

1,142 1,200

1962 1949
1951

Reserves/Reserves

Alibotouch

1,628

Atanassovsko ezero Baevi doupki-Djindjiritza
Bistrichko Branichte

IV

2,020
2,873
1,177
1,281

1980
1934
193J 1948 1953

Boatin

Djendema Doupkata Goliam Skakavetz
Ibar

3,291
1,211

4,180
1,701

Kamenchtitza

1,018

1956 1985 1985 1984
1988
1961

Kongura Koupena
Maritchini ezera
Oreliar

1,312 1,086
1,509

1951

IV

1,050
1,508 1,465

1985

Parangalitza

1933 1979 1983 1979
1988
1981

Peechti skali

Severen Djendem

1,610
1,250

Sokolna

Srebama
Stara reka

IV

1,143

1,906

Steneto

2,636

Tajansko jdrelo

IV

1,290 1,440 1,420

1980 1985

Tchouprene
Tzaritchina

1974
1949
1985 1983
1951

Uzdini ezera
Vratchanski karst
Forest Reserves/Reserves forestieres

IV

1,150
1,409

Kamtchia Ouzounboudjak Rila Monastery

IV

1,445

2,535

1956

3,446

1986

BURKINA FASO
Summary/Sommaire
Category\Categorie

H

3

440,400
298,500

CategoryXCategorie IV

Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

4 7

738,900

Deux Bales

n

56,000

1967

55

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Kabore-Tambi

11

National Parks and Protected Areas

Mozogo-Gokoro

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigees

Waterton Lakes

National Parks and Protected Areas

Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Long Point

National Parks and Protected Areas

Cayer

Pares nationaux

et aires protig^es

Atikaki
Atlin Park

V
Falls

Aubrey

Awenda
Babine Mountains
Barachois Pond

Bic

Bigwind Lake Birkenhead Lake Biscotasi Lake Blackstone Harbour Bon Echo Bonnechere River

Bow Valley
Bowron Lake Boya Lake
Brightsand River

Brooks Peninsula

Bugaboo Alpine Butler Lake
Butter Pot

Cabot Head

Cape

Scott

Carillon

Carp Lake Carson Pegasus
Cascade Casde Creek
Cathedral

Champion Lakes Chance Cove
Chapleau-Nemegosenda River
Clearwater River
Coquilla

Summit

Cranberry Lake

Crimson Lake Crooked River Cross Lake
Cypress Hills (Alberta)

Cypress

Dana-Jowsey Lakes Darke Lake Dillberry Lake
Dinosaur

Douglas

Dry

Islands Buffalo

Jump

E.C. Manning

Elk Falls Elk Island Elk Lakes

National Parks and Protected Areas

Eneas Lakes

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Livingstone Point

I

Lola Lake

Lower Madawaska River MacGregor Point Makobe-Grays River
Manitou Islands

Manning Matawin River Mattawa River
Michipicoten Island
Minnitaki Karnes
Missinaibi

Mississagi
Mississagi River
Missississagi Delta

Mitlewatch Island

Monashee

Monkman
Mont Orford Mont Sainte-Anne Mont Tremblant Mount Assiniboine Mount Carleton Mount Edziza Mount Judge Howay Mount Robson Mount Seymour Mount Terry Fox Muncho Lake
Murphy's Point Nagagami Lake Nagagamisis Naikoon Nancy Greene Neys

Nipawin Nopiming Notokewin Obabika River Obatanga Ojibway

Oka
Okanagan Mountain
Opasquia Wilderness
Otoskwin-Attawapiskat River

Lake Pakwash
Paint

Pantagruel Creek
Peter

Lougheed

Petroglyphs

National Parks and Protected Areas

Pipestone River
Pointe Taillon

V

Polar Bear Wilderness
Purcell

Quetico

WUdemess

Rene Brunelle
Restoule

Roderick Haig-Brown Area

Rondeau Round Lake
Sable Islands

Saguenay Samuel de Champlain Sandbanks Sandbar Lake Saskatchewan Landing
Sasquatch

Schoen Lake

Sedgman Lake
Severn River
Sibley (Sleeping Giant)
Silent

Lake

Silver Falls Silver Star

Skagit Valley
Slate Islands

Solace

South Bay
Spatsizi Plateau

Widemess Area

Spruce

Woods

Squires Memorial
St Mary's Alpine

Stag Lake
Stagleap
Steel River

Stikine River

Stone Mountain
Strathcona

Sturgeon River
Tatlatui

The Pinery The Shoals Top of the World Trout Lake
Turtle River

Tweedsmuir Upper Madawaska River
Valhalla

Wabakimi Wilderness

Wakami Lake

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

Wanapitei

IV

Wasaga Beach Waskwei River Protected Area Wellesley Gray Wells Gray West Bay White Lake
White Pelican Whiteswan Lake Whitney Lake
Wildcat Hill

William A. Switzer

WiUmore WUd Park Winagami Lake Windigo Bay
Winisk River

Winnange Lake Wokpash Woodland Caribou Wilderness Yamaska
Young's Point

National Parks and Protected Areas

National Parks/Pares nationaux

Manda

n

114,000

1969

CHILE/CHILI
Summary/Sommaire
Category\Categorie CategoryXCat^gorie

n

m

30 2
33 65

8,364,689

13,606
5,271,423

CategoryXCategorie IV

Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

13,649,718

Alberto de Agostini

n

Alerce Andino

Bernardo O'Higgins

Bosque Fray Jorge

Cabo de Homos
Chiloe
Conguillio

El Morado

Homopiren
Huerquehue Isla Guamblin Isla Magdalena

La Campana
Laguna San Rafael Laguna del Laja Las Palmas de Cocalan Lauca
Nahuelbuta
Pali-Aike

Pan de Azucar Puyehue
Queulat

Rio Simpson
Tolhuaca
Torres del Paine

Vicente Perez Resales
Villarrica

Volcan Isluga
National Reserves/Reserves nationales
Alacalufes

Alto Bio-Bio

Cerro Castillo

China Muerta Coyhaique
Isla

Mocha

Katalalixar

La Chimba Lago Carlota

Pares nationaux

et aires protegies

Lago Cochrane Lago General Carrera Lago Jeinimeni Lago Las Torres Lago Palena Lago Penuelas Lago Rosselot Laguna Parrillar
Las Chinchillas Las Guaitecas Las Vicunas Llanquihue
Magallanes
Malalcahuello

IV

Malleco
Nalcas

Nuble

Pampa

del

Tamarugal

Ralco Rio Blanco Rio Clarillo Rio de Los Cipreses
Valdivia
Villarrica

Nature Monuments/Monuments de
Alerce Costero
Salar de Surire

la nature

National Parks and Protected Areas

Ba Yin Bu Lu Ke

(Bayanbulak)

IV

Babao Mountain Badagong Mountain
Baihua Mountain Baima Mountain
Baishanzu
Baishilazi

Baishu River

Bamian Mountain
Baotianman (Neixiang) Baotianman (Henan) Bawangling Bayanaobao
Bitahai

Bulgan River
Buliu River

Bunge Ash
Caohai

Cathay Silver Fir Cha Mountain Changbai Mountains

Changhang Bawanglin Changling Mountain
Chebaling

Chengbi River
Chengjia

Chinese Walnut

Chongzuo Chuandong River Dadong Mountain

Dagu River
Daiyun Mountain Dalai Lake Darning Mountain Daping Mountain Dapingdong Daqinggou
Datian

Dawangling Dawei Mountain Dawie Mountain Daxin Daxue Mountain Dayao Mountain Dayuanyuankou

Dehou
Dinghu Mountain Dong-tin Lake Dongda Mountain Dongzhai

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Dongzhaigang Dujia Mountain
Fenglin

IV

Fengtongzai

Fengyang Mountain
Fenshuiling

Five Joined Lakes

Foping Fu Mountain
Fuhai Jengsetas
Fusui

Gahai

Gang
Ganjia Lake
Ganshiling

Gaoligong Mountain

GarQu
Great Suhai Lake

Guan Mountain
Guanyin Mountain Guniuxiang Guozhagou Gutian Mountain Haba Mountain
Haiziping

Hanas Heaven Lake Hei River Heilonggong
Heishiding

Helan Mountains

Hong River
Hongfeng Lake Huagong
Huakun-Sunjiagou
Huangfii Mountain

Huanglei River

Huanglian Mountain Huanglongsi

Huangsang Huangshui River Huangzangyu Huaping Huashuichong

Huma River
Huocheng Huping Mountain Huzhong Imnnortal's Cave
Jia

River

National Parks and Protected Areas
Jiache

IV

Jianfengling

Jiangcun
Jiangshi

Jigong Mountain
Jingangtai

Jinggang Mountains
Jingpo Lake
Jinyun Mountain

Jiugong

Mountain Mountain Jun Mountain Kalamaili Mountain Kontong Mountain Laba River Laiyang River Lake of Heaven
Jiulian

Jou-li

Laojieling

Laojun Mountain (Henan) Laojun Mountain (Yunnan)
Laotie Mountain

Leigong Mountain Lesser Qinling Mountain Lesser Wutai Mountain Li Mountain
Liangshui

Liangucheng Lianhua Mountain Liankang Mountain
Liulianling

Liupan Mountain Liupaoshougou

Longbao Longchiman Longgang
Longrui

Longwang Mountain Lu Mountain LuguLake Luo Mountain
Luofu Mountain Luya Mountain Mabian Dafengding Maicaogou Mandarin Duck/Macaque Mang Mountain

Mang

River

Mangrove Forest
Mazongling

Pares nationaux

et aires

prot^gies

Medog

National Parks and Protected Areas

Shibalianshan

rv

Shiren Mountain

Shiwandashan Shoulu Mountain
Shuangtaizi Estuary

Shunhuang Mountain (Dong'an) Shunhuang Mountain (Xinling) Song Mountain Songfeng Mountain Songhua Lake
Stellate-Hair Vatica Forest
Stiff-leaf Juniper

Suoxiyu Tacheng Taibai Mountains
Taibaiding

Taihang
Tangjia

Tanyang
Taohongling

Taoyuandong
Tarim Taxkorgan Tianzi Mountain Tiebu Tongbiguan
Tou'ersantan

Urumqi Geological

Wang River
Wanglang Weide Mountain
Weihai

Weiyuan River West Tianmu Mountain Wolong Wuliang Mountain Wuling Mountain

Wulong River Wuyi Mountains Wuzhi Mountain
Xiang Hai Xiao River Xiaoqiaogou
Xiaoxi
Xiaozhaizigou

Xiazhuang Xilin Gol Prairie Xingdou Xingkai Lake Xinglong Mountain

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Xinkou
Xipin

Xisha Xishuangbanna Xunbiela River

Ya Mountain Yan Mountain
Yancheng Yanchiwan Yangming Mountain Yaoshan Yi Mountain Yiwulu Mountain Yuan Mountain Yulong Mountain Yun Mountain Yunwu Mountain Zayu Zhalong

Zham
Zhang-jia-jic State Forest

IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV rv IV IV IV IV IV
I

1,126
1,466

1964 1984 1980 1958 1982 1984 1977 1983 1982 1982 1984 1982
1981

330 200,000
14,000
6,667

5,333

40,600 424,800
2,600
10,213

3,200 14,000
1,000

1985

26,000
1,330 1,300

1984 1982 1982 1985 1979 1985

101,400

210,000
6,852

5,000
1,133

Zhaoging Dinghushan Zhaohu Mountain
Zhifu

Ziyunwanfeng Mountain
Zuojia
Wildlife Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires de ressources sauvages

IV rv IV IV
IV

6,667

22,750
11,000

6,008

1956 1984 1984 1982 1982
1965 1978

Yuoriqai Tiebu

23,000 30,000
7,850

Reserves/Reserves

Dafengding Panda
Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires

IV
IV IV

Qinghaihu Waterfowl Island Qiqihari Zhalong Crane
Natural Scenery Protection Areas/Aires de protection

42,000

1975 1976

du panorama naturel Fukang Tianchi
Protected Areas/Aires protegees

IV IV
IV IV

6,000

1980 1986

Hongze Hu
Forest Reserves/Reserves forestieres

196,000
13,666
1,400

Guilin Miaroshan

Qianshan Wuyishan

1976 1977

CHINA, REPUBLIC OF/REPUBLIQUE DE CHINE
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCategorie Category\Cat6gorie

n

2
1

197,490

CategoryNCategorie IV

47,000
44,087

V

2
5

Total

288,577

74

National Parks and Protected Areas

National Parks/Pares nationaux

Renting Taroko

V

Yangmingshan Yushan
Preserves/

Ta-Wu Mountain

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Tatama Tayrona
Tinigua
Utria

n

Natural Reserves/Reserves naturelles

Laguna de Sonso
National Reserves/Reserves nationales

IV
I
I

Nukak
Puinaway Fauna and Flora Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires de faune Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta
Galeras
et

de flore

Iguaque

Los Colorados Los Flamencos

IV IV IV IV IV

National Parks and Protected Areas

COSTA RICA

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

National Parks/Pares nationaux

Azagny Banco

n

Comoe
lies Ehotile

Marahoue Mont Peko Mont Sangbe
Tai
Strict

Nature Reserves/R6serves

strictes

de nature
et

Mont Nimba
Fauna and Flora Reserves/Reserves de faune Haut Bandama
Botanical Reserves/Reserves botaniques

de flore

Divo
Partial

Faunal Reserves/R6serves fauniques partielles

N'Zo

National Parks and Protected Areas

Faunal Refuges/Refuges fauniques

Cayo Coco Cayo Fragoso Cayo Gauyaba Cayo Saetia
Habonica Las Salinas
Touristic Natural Areas/Aires naturelles touristiques

V

Baconao Cayo Largo Jibacoa Bacunayagua Punta Pedemales-Cabo Frances

CYPRUS/CHYPRE
No Areas Listed/pas de sites

CZECHOSLOVAKIAT/CHECOSLOVAQUIE

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegies

Vltavsky Luh

National Parks and Protected Areas

DENMARK/DANEMARK
Summary/Sommaire

Pares nationaux et aires protigies

Saltholm

National Parks and Protected Areas

DOMINICA/DOMINIQUE

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Yasuni
Ecological Reserves/R6serves 6cologiques

n
I

750,000

1979

Cayambe-Coca
Cotachi-Cayapas

Manglares-Churute
Biological Reserves/Reserves biologiques

Limoncocha
Geobotanical Reserves/Reserves geobotaniques Pululahua
National Recreation Areas/Aires de
loisirs nationales

Cajas

El Boliche

National Parks and Protected Areas
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Ceno Verde
El Imposible

n

Montecristo

Nancuchiname Volcan de Conchagua
Biological Reserves/Reserves biologiques

San Diego
Wildlife Refuges/Refuges de ressources sauvages

Barra de Santiago

El Jocotal
Natural

Monuments/Monuments

naturels

Lavas de San Marcelino

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Marine National Parks/Pares nationaux marins

National Parks and Protected Areas

Oulanka

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Pyrenees Occidentales prc-parc
Vanoise pre-parc

V

Nature Reserves/R6serves de nature
Aiguilles

Rouges

Bale de Bourgneuf

Cam argue
Casabianda
Cherine
I

Contamines-Montjoie Foret domaniale du Fango
Foret dominiale de Cerisy

Gorges de I'Ardeche

Grande Sassiere Haut Plateaux du Vercors ne St Aubin
lies

Lavezzi

Lac de Grandlieu Lac de la Foret d'Orient Mantet

Moeze Mont Ventron
Montjoie
et

Passy

Neouvielle

Nohedes
Passy
Prats de

Mollo

Py
Scandola
Sept-Iles

Sixt-Passy

Val d'Isere

- Bonneval-sur-Arc

Ventron Massif

Marine Reserves/Reserves marines Abers du Leon Archipel de Glenon Baie de Seine and marshes Etang de Bages and Sigean Fiers d'Ars and Fosse de Loix

CELRL Sites/Acquisitions CELRL
Etang de Vic

ne Sainte Lucie La Cote Bleue
Les Agriates Marine Parks/Pares marins Cote Bleue Regional Nature Parks/Pares naturels regionaux Armorique Ballons des Vosges
Briere

Brotonne

National Parks and Protected Areas

Camargue
Corse
Foret d'Orient

V

Haut Languedoc
Haut-Jura

Haute Vallee de Chevreuse Landes de Gascogne
Livradois-Forez

Lorraine

Luberon
Marais Poitevin

Montagne de Reims Morvan
Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Normandie-Maine
Pilat

Queyras
Vercors

Volcans d'Auvergne

Vosges du Nord
Fishing Reserves/Reserves de peche
Calvi
Porto- Vecchio
Saint Florent

Tuccia-Sagone-Cargese
Ventilegne

Pares nationaux

et aires

prot^gies

French Southern Territories/Terres australes fran^ais
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Antarctique francaise

IV

36,700

1924

New Caledonia/Nouvelle-Caledonie
Strict

Nature Reserves/R6serves

strictes

de nature
I

Montagne des Sources
Marine Reserves/Reserves marines

Yves Merlet Fauna and Flora Reserves/Reserves de faune Maitre and Amedee Islets

et

de flore

Faunal Reserves/R6serves fauniques Aoupinie Haute Yate (Riv. Blanche and Riv. Bleue TP)

Lepredour

Islet

Pam

Island

Botanical Reserves/R6serves botaniques
Foret de Saille

Mont Humboldt Mont Panie
Southern
Territorial Parks/Pares territoriaux

Thy
Forest Reserves/Reserves forestieres

Mont Mou

National Parks and Protected Areas
Wildlife

Management Area/Aires

d'exploitation

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

Peenemunder Haken, Struck und Ruden

National Parks and Protected Areas
Freiberger Mulde-Zschopau

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Lychen-Boitzenburg

National Parks and Protected Areas

Salzwedel-Diesdorf
Schaalsee und Heckenlandschaft Techin Scharmutzelsee-Storkower u.s.w.
Schlaubetal

V

Schweriner Seenlandschaft Schwielochsee
Seendreieck bei Furstensee
Seengebiet Warin-Neukloster
Seenkette bei Comthurey

Sewekow
Spree-und Teichgebiet sudlich Uhyst
Spreeniederung

Spreewald
Sprottetal

Stadtwald Berlin

StaubeckenlandschaftBrasinchen-Spremberg
Steigerwald
Stepenitztal

Strausberger und Blumenthaler
Striegistaler

Sudlich von Zwickau
Sudlicher Dromling

Susser See
Tal der Wilden Weisseritz
Talsperre Kriebstein

Talsperre Pirk Talsperre Pohl Talsperre Quitzdorf und Kollmer

Hohen

Templiner Seenkreuz
Teupitz-Koriser Seengebiet

Tharandter Wald

Thummlitzwald
Thuringer Wald
Thuringische

Rhon

Tollense-Becken

Torgelower See
Triebischtaler

Uchte-Tangerquellen

Untere Havel

Wald- und Restseengebiet

Dobem

Wald-u.Seengeb.z.SchwielochseeJLibe.u.Spree.

Walder urn Greiz und Werdau
Waldgebiet

Huy
u.

Waldgebiet bei Crivitz
Wallensteingraben

Baminer See

Waldgebiet des Fallstein
Wandlitz-Biesenthal-Prendener Seegebiet

Webellinsee—Grimnitzsee

Weidatalspene Wermsdorfer Forst

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Westlausitz

National Parks and Protected Areas

Retterschwanger Tal mit

Daumen

Pares nationaux et aires protigies

GREECE/GRECE

National Parks and Protected Areas
Santa Rosalia

V

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigees

National Parks/Pares nationaux

La Visite Macaya

n n

2,200

5,500

1983 1983

HOLY SEE/SAINT SIEGE
No Areas Listed/pas de sites

HONDURAS

National Parks and Protected Areas

Rios de Cuero y Salado

Pares nationaux

et aires prot4gies
»

Sarreti

V

Soprani

Szabadkigyosi
Szatmar-Beregi

S zentgyorgyvolgyi
Szigetkozi

Tihanyi
Tokaj-Bcxlrogzugi
Vertesi

Zempleni
Zselicsegi

ICELAND/ISLANDE

National Parks and Protected Areas

ILES

COOK

Voir paragraphe

COOK ISLANDS

ILES

MARSHALL Voir paragraphe MARSHALL ISLANDS
Voir paragraphe

ILES

SALOMON SOLOMON ISLANDS

INDIA/INDE
Summary/Sominaire

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Namdapha Nanda Devi Nawegaon
Neora Valley Nokrek
North Simlipal

n

Palamau Panna Pench (Maharashtra) Pench (Madhaya Pradesh)
Periyar

Pin Valley
Rajaji

Ran tham bore
Sanjay Gandhi Sanjay
Sariska

Satpura
Silent Valley

Singalila

Sirohi

Sundarbans

Tadoba
Valley of Flowers

Velavadar

S anctuaries/S anctuaires

Abohar Achanakmar
Anamalai Andhari Aner Dam
Arabithittu

Aralam
Badalkhol

Bagdara
Balimela
Baltal

Balnkhand

Bandh Baretha
Bandli

Barda

Bamadi Bamawapara
Bassi

Bhadra

Bhagwan Mahavir
Bhairamgarh Bhensrodgarh

Bhimashankar

Bhimbandh

National Parks and Protected Areas
Bhitar Kanika
Biligiri

IV

Ranga Swamy Temple

Binsar
Bir Shikargah

Bor
Bori

Brahmagiri

Buxa
Cauvery
Chail

Chandaka Dampada
Chandoli

Chandra Prabha Changthang
Chaprala
Chautala Chilka

Chimony
Chinnar

Churdhar Coringa
Cotigao

D 'Bring Memorial
Dalma

Dampa
Dandeli
Daranghati
Darlaghat

Darrah
Debrigarh

Dipor Beel

Dumkhal Etumagaram Fambong Lho Gamgul Siya-Behi
Gandhi Sagar Gautala Autram

Gautam Budha
Ghataprabha
Ghatigaon Great Indian Bustard
Gir

Gobind Sagar

Gomaida
Govind Pashu Vihar
Great Indian Bustard

Gulmarg Gumti Hadgarh
Halliday Island

HarikeLake

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Hastinapur

IV

Hazaribagh
Hirapora

Hokarsar
Idukki
Indira Priyadarshini

Intanki

Itanagar

Jaikwadi

Jaisamand
Jaldapara

Jamwa Ramgarh
Jawahar Sagar
Jessore

Kabar Kachchh Desert Kaimur (Uttar Pradesh) Kaimur (Bihar) Kalakad Kalatop and Khajjiar
Kalsubai Harishchandragad

Kanawar
Kapilasa

Karakoram
Karera Great Indian Bustard
Karlapat

Katamiaghat

Katepuma Kawal Kedamath
Keladevi

Ken

Gharial

Khalasuni

Kheoni

Khokhan
Kias
Kinnersani

Kishanpur

Koderma
Kolleru

Kondakameru
Kotgarh

Koyna
Kugti

Kuldiha

Kumbhalgarh
Lachipora
Lakhari

Lanjamadugu

Laokhowa

National Parks and Protected Areas

T-awalang

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Palpur (Kuno)

IV

Pamed
Panpatha

Papikonda Parambikulam
Parasnath

Peechi Vazhani

Pench
Peppara
Periyar

Phansad Phen
Phulwari
Pobitora

Pocharam
Point Calimere

Pong Dam
Pranhita
Pulicat (Andhra Pradesh)
Pulicat (Tamil

Nadu)

Pushpagiri

Radhanagari
Rajgir

Raksham Chitkul Ramgarh Bundi Ramnagar Rampura
Ranebennur Ranipur Ratanmahal
Ratapani

Rupi Bhabha Sagareshwar SaUana
Sajnakhali

Sanjay (Dubri)
Saptasajya

Sardarpur
Sariska

Satkosia Gorge

Sawai Mansingh Sechu Tuan Nala Semarsot
Senchal
Sepahijala

Sharavathi Valley

Shenduruny
Shergarh
Shettihally

Shikari Devi

National Parks and Protected Areas

Simbalbara
Simlipal

rv

Singba
Singhori (Sindhari)
Sita

Mata

Sitanadi

Siwaram Sohagabarwa Someshwara Son Gharial
Sonai Rupai

Sonanadi
Srivenkateswara
Srivilliputhur

Sukhna Sunabeda Sunda Mata
Surinsar-Mansar
Talkaveri
Talra

Tamor Pingla
Tansa
Thattekkad Bird
Tirthan

Todgarh Raoli
Tongri
Trishna

Tundah Tungabadra
Udanti

Ushakothi
Valmikinagar

Van Vihar Wild Ass

Wynad
Yagoupokpi Lx)kchao Yawal

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Buchanan Island Cinque Island
Crocodile (Lohabarrack)

IV

Defence Island
East (Inglis) Island

East Island
Flat Island

Interview Island

James Island

Kyd Island
Landfall Island

Narcondum
Paget Island

Island

North Reef Island

Pitman Island
Point Island

Ranger Island Reef Island Roper Island Ross Island Sandy Island Shearme Island Sir Hugh Rose Island South Brother Island South Reef Island
South Sentinel Island
Spike Island

Swamp Island
Table (Delgamo) Island

Table (Excelsior) Island
Talabaicha Island

Temple Island
Tillanchong Island

West Island

National Parks and Protected Areas

Irian Jaya/Irian Jaya

Pares nationaux et aires protigies

Nusa Kambangan
Pulau Panaitan-Pulau Peucang Pulau Saobi (Kangean Islands)

Sempu Ranu Kumbolo Rawa Danau
Pulau

Tangkuban Perahu

Game Reserves/Reserves
Cikepuh

de faune

Banyuwangi Selatan (Blambangan)

Gunung Sawal Pulau Bawean Yang Plateau
Recreation Parks/Pares de
loisirs

Gunung Gamping Gunung Tampomas Gunung Tangkuban Perahu

National Parks and Protected Areas

Komodo Island

"proposed"

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

Gunung Kelabat
Karaenta

5,300
1,000

Morowali Paboya Panua Pegunungan Peruhumpenai Pulau Mas Popaya Raja Tangkoko Batuangus Tangkoko-Dua Saudara Tanjung Api

225,000
1,000 1,500

90,000 160
4,446
4,299

1932 1976 1986 1973 1938 1979 1919
1978 1977

4,246

Game Reserves/Reserves
Bontobahari

de faune

Buton Utara

Gunung Manembo-Nembo Lampoko Mampie
Lx)mbuyan I/E
Pinjan/Tanjung Matop

Tanjung Batikolo Tanjung Peropa
Research Forests/Forets dediees a
la

IV IV IV IV rv IV IV IV
recherche

4,000

82,000
6,500 2,000
3,665
1,613

1980 1979 1978 1978 1974
1981

5,500
38,937
1,300

1980 1986

Sungai

Camba Res

IV

Recreation Parks/Pares de loisirs

Danau Matado/Mahalano Danau Towuti

V V

30,000

65,000

1979 1979

Sumatra/Sumatra
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Barisan Selatan "proposed"

n

Gunung Leuser "proposed"
Kerinci Seblat "proposed"

Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature
Bukit Tapan

Dolok Sibual Bual Dolok Sipirok

Gunung Indrapura Gunung Tujuh
Indrapura
Janthoi

Kelompok Hutan Bakau Manua
Pulau Berkeh Pulau Burung

Pantai

Timur Jambi

Rimbo Panti
Toba Pananjung

Game

Reserves/Reserves de faune

Bentayan

Berbak
Bukit Gedang Seblat

Bukit

Kayu Embun

National Parks and Protected Areas

Danau Pulau Besar/Danau Bawah

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

Karkheh Khaber-o-Rouchon Kharko Khoshyeylag

Kiamaky
Kolahghazi

Mehroyeh
Miandasht
Miyinkaleh

Shadegan Touran
Protected Areas/Aires protegees

Abasbaran Alborz-e-Markazi Angoran

Argan
Bahokalat (Gando)

Bahramgor

Bazman
Bigar
Biseton

Dez Gene Ghorkhod
Haftadgoleh

Hamoun
Hara

Hormoud
Jahannoma Karkheh
Kavir

Lar River
Lisar

Marakan

Mend
Moteh
Oshtrankoh
Parvar

Salouk
Serany

Siahkesheim

Tandoureh Tang Sayyad Touran
Vargin

National Parks and Protected Areas

IRELAND/IRLANDE

Pares nationaux et aires protigies

ITALY/TTALIE
Summary/Sommaire
Category\Cat6gorie CategoryXCategorie

H

3

125,892

CategoryXCategorie IV

54
51

277,451

V

897,222

Total

108

1,300365

While compiling the
area system in Italy
unavailable.

UN List, we were advised by the Ministero dell' Ambiente that the protected
was under review, and
presented here
is

that

an official

list

of protected areas was currendy

The

list

derived from unofficial sources.
realisation,

Tandis que la
dell' Ambiente

liste 6tait

en cours de
disponible.

nous avons 6t6 inform^s par
ici est tiree

le

Ministero

que

le reseau italien d'aires prot6g6es €tait en revision et qu'il n'y avait pas, pour

I'instant,

de

liste officielle

La

liste

que nous proposons

de sources non

officielles.

National Parks/Pares nationaux

Abruzzo
Calabria

n

Circeo

Gran Paradiso
Stelvio

Biogenetic Reserves/Reserves biogen^tiques

Badia Prataglia Camaldoli

Campigna
Marchesale
Poverella nel Villaggio

Stomara Vallombrosa
Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature

Abbadia
Faro
S.

di Fiatra

Caprera Managed

Martino-Palombaro

Feudo Ugni
Foresta de Circeo
Foresta di Sabaudia Foresta di Tarvisio

Gole del Raganello
Isola di Caprera Isola di Montecristo

Lago Lago

Campotosto di Mezzola - Pian di Spagna Lama Branca di S. Eufemia a Maiella Monte Mottac Monte Rotondo
di

Monte Vehno
Monti del Sole Pian di Spagna-Lago di Mezzola Piani Etemi - Errera - Val Falcina

National Parks and Protected Areas

Salina di Margherita di Savoia

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Monte

Como

National Parks and Protected Areas
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Kominato

National Parks and Protected Areas
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Aberdare

n

Amboseli Chyulu Hell's Gate Kora Lake Nakuru Longonot

MalkaMari Meru Mount Elgon Mount Kenya
Nairobi

01 Donyo Sabuk

Ruma
Sibiloi

South Island Tsavo East Tsavo West

Marine National Parks/Pares nationaux marins
Kisite/Mpunguti

Mombasa Watamu
Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature

Arabuko Sokoke Mau South West Nandi North Uaso Narok
National Reserves/Reserves nationales

Buffalo Springs

Kakamega
Kerio Valley

Lake Bogoria
Marsabit

Masai Mara

Samburu
Shaba Shimba Hills Tana River Primate

Game

Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires de faune

Taita

HiUs

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigees

Wildlife Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires de ressources sauvages

National Parks and Protected Areas

LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC/REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE POPULAIRE LAO
No Areas Listed/pas de sites

LEBANON/LIBAN
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCategorie

n

3,500

Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

3,500

Mashgara (Machgharah)

n

3,500

1988

LESOTHO

Pares nationawc

et aires protegees

LUXEMBOURG
No Areas Listed/pas de
sites

MADAGASCAR
Summary/Sommaire
Category\Categorie CategoryXCategorie
I

10

568,802
133,740

n

5

Category\Categorie IV

21

375,190
1,077,732

Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

36

National Parks and Protected Areas

MALAWI
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCat^gorie

n

5

CategoryNCategorie IV

Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

4 9

697,900 369,000
1,066,900

Kasungu Lake Malawi

n

Lengwe
Liwonde Nyika

Game Reserves/Reserves de
Majete

faune

Mwabvi
Nkohota-Kota Vwaza Marsh

Pares nationaux

et aires protdg^es

Kinabalu

National Parks and Protected Areas
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Boucle du Baoule
Faunal Reserves/Reserves fauniques

II

350,000

1954

Badinko
Baring Makana
Fina

IV

Kenie-Baoule

Kongossambougou
Sounsan

MALTA/MALTE
No Areas Listed/pas de sites

Voir paragraphe

MARIANNES DU NORD NORTHERN MARIANAS

MAROC
Voir paragraphe

MOROCCO

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

MEXICO/MEXIQUE

National Parks and Protected Areas

Sian Ka'an
Sierra de

n

Manantlan

Marine Reserves/Reserves marines

La Blanquilla
Faunal Reserves/Reserves fauniques
Isla

Cedros
de Guerrero Negro

Cetacean Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires de Cetaces
Isla

Refuges/Refuges

La Mojonera La Primavera
Sierra de Alvarez

Sierra del Pinacate

Valle de los Cirios

Natural and Typical Biotopes/Biotopes naturels et typiques

La Encrucijada
Special Biosphere Reserves/Reserves speciales

IV

de

la

biosphere

Cascadas de Agua Azul
Isla

Isla Isla

Contoy Guadalupe
Tiburon

Golfo de California Mariposa Monarca Ria Celestun Ria Lagartos Selva del Ocote Sierra de Santa Martha Volcan de San Martin
Islas del

Parks/Pares

Omiltemi
National Historic Parks/Pares historiques nationaux

Palenque

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

Bogdo-ula Bulgan-gol
Bulgan-ula

I

54,100

Khasagt-Khayrkhan

Khorgo
Lkhachinvandan-ula

Nagalkhan
Tulga-togo-Zhallavch-ula

Uran-ula

Yolyn-am

National Parks and Protected Areas

MYANMAR

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigdes

Royal Chitwan

National Parks and Protected Areas

Kootwijkerzand/Garderen

IV

Lauwersmeer
Leuvenhorst and Leuvenumse Bos Loonse and Drunense Duinen

Mayendel Meijnweg Nieuwkoopse Plassen North Veluwe Oerd en Steile Bank
Oostvaardersplassen

Planken Wambuis

Schouwen Duinen
Slikken van Flakkee
Strabrechtse Heide

Stroomdallandschap Drenthe
Tlonger- and Lindevallei

Aa

Varkensland and Waterland

Wassenaarse Duinen
Natural

Monuments/Monuments

naturels

Berkheide
Boschplaat Natural

Monument

Deumse Peel
Dollard

Eemmeer
Engbertsdjiksvenen
Gras- and Rietgorzen Haringvliet

Kop van Schouwen Krammer-Volkerak Kwelders Friesland Kwelders Groningen
Mariapeel

Markiezaatsmeer Zuid
Mispeleindse -/Landschotse Heide
Oosterschelde

Schorren van de Eendracht
Ventjagersplaten and Slijkplaat

Verdronken Land van Saeftinghe Waddenzee Zwarte Meer

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Underwater Parks/Pares sous-marins
Curacao

n

1,036

1983

NEW ZEALAND/NOUVELLE-ZELANDE

National Parks and Protected Areas

Little Barrier Island

I

2,817

Mokohinau Islands Mount Uwerau
Pegasus Poor Knights Islands
Rangatira

Snares Islands

Three Kings
Waitangiroto
Wildlife Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires de ressources sauvages

Stephens Island
Wildlife Refuges/Refuges de ressources sauvages

Lake Alexandrina/McGregor's Lagoon
Pouto Point Wairau River Lagoons Whale (Motuhora) Island Marine Reserves/Reserves marines

Poor Knights Islands
State Forest Ecological Areas/Aires ecologiques
foresti^rcs publiques

Big River Blackwater Coal Creek Diggers Ridge
Flatstaff

Greenstone

Kapowai Lake Christabel Lake Hochstetter
Lillbum

Manganuiowae
Mangatutu

Moehau
Onekura
Papakai
Pororari

Pukepoto Roaring Meg
Saltwater

Saxton
Tiropahi

Waikoau Waipapa Waipuna
Forest Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires forestiers
Hihitahi

Ngatukituki

Waipoua
Reserves/R6serves

Lake Whangape

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Ecological Areas/Zones ^cologiques

National Parks and Protected Areas

Pukeamaru Range
Punakaiki

IV

Rahu Rakeahua
Rangitoto Island

Robertson Range
Saltwater

Lagoon

Ship Cove

South Cape

Tahuakai

Tangarakau

Tapuaenuku Te Arowhenua Te Kopia Te Tapui Tennyson Inlet
Toatoa

Ulva Upper BuUer Gorge Waioeka Gorge Waipapa
Waipori Falls
Waituhui Kuratau

Wanganui River Warbeck River

Whangamumu
Unclassified/Non classe

Waipoua Kauri Management Area White Island

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

NIGER
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCategorie CategoryNCategorie
Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux
I

1

1,280,500

n

1

220,000
153,740

CategoryXCategorie rV

2 4

1,654^40

Wdu Niger
Integral Nature Reserves/Reserves naturelles integrales

II

220,000
1,280,500

1954
1988
1955

Addax
Total Faunal Reserves/Reserves fauniques integrales

I

Gadabedji

Tamou

IV IV

76,000 77,740

1962

NIGERIA
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCategorie

H

1

534,082
1,012,509

CategoryXCategorie IV

14 15

Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux
Kainji

1,546^91

Lake
de faune

n
IV

534,082

1975

Game Reserves^6serves
Dagida

Falgore (Kogin Kano)
Gilli-Gilli

Hadejia (Baturiya) Wetlands

Kambari
Kashimbila

Kwale
Lame/Burra Ologbo
Orle

Udi/Nsukka Upper Ogun/Old Oyo
Yankari
Wildlife Parks/Pares de ressources sauvages

Pandam

National Parks and Protected Areas

Preserves/Reserves

Asuncion Island
Uracas Island (Farallon de Parjaros)
Unclassified/Non classe

I I

722 202
205

1985 1985

Maug

Island

I

1958

NORWAY/NORVEGE
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCategorie CategoryXCategorie
I

24
17

2,637,285
1,910,200
18,705

n

CategoryXCategorie rv

5 21

CategoryXCategorie
Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

V

196,248

67

4,762,438

Anderdalen BorgeQell
Dovrefjell

II

Femundsmarka Gressamoen
Gutulia

Haidangervidda
Jotunheimen

Ovre Anarjakka Ovre Dividal Ovre Pasvik

Rago Rondane
Stabbursdalen

Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature Blodskyttodden/Barvikmyran

Faerdesmyra

Fokstumyra Froan GrandeQaera
Grytdalen

Havmyran
Hukkelvatna
Javreoaivit

Karlsoeyaer

Kraakvaagsvaet
Kvisleflaa
Lille Soelensjoe

Makkaurhalvoeya

Nekmyrene
Nord-Fugloy
Nordre Oeyeren Oera Osdalen

Pares nationaux

et aires prot6gies

Ovdaldasvarri

National Parks and Protected Areas

OMAN
Summary/Sommaire
Category\Cat6gorie IV

Total
National Nature Reserves/Reserves naturelles nationales

2 2

54,000 54,000

Qurm
Reserves/Reserves

rV
Serin/Jabal

1.000

1986

Wadi

Aswad Arabian Tahr

IV

53,000

OUGANDA

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Haleji

Lake

IV

Islamabad

Kachau Kargah Keti Bunder North Keti Bunder South Khurkhera Kinjhar (Kaki) Lake
Koh-e-Geish

Kolwah Kap Mahal Kohistan
Manshi Maslakh
Naltar

Nara Desert Raghai Rakhshan

Ras Koh
Rasool Barrage

Runn of Kutch
Sasnamana
Satpara

Shashan Sheikh Buddin
Sodhi Takkar

Taunsa Barrage
Ziarat Juniper

National Parks and Protected Areas

Darien

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

Biological Reserves/Reserves biologiques

National Parks and Protected Areas

PHILIPPINES

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

National Parks/Pares nationaux

Babia Gora Bialowieza
Bieszczady

n

Gorce

Kampinos
Karkonosze

Ojcow
Pieniny

Roztocze Slowinski
Swietokrzyski
Tatra

Wielkopolski
Wigierski

Wolinski
Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature

Czerwone Bagno
Jata

Jezioro Dobskie

Jezioro
Jezioro

Druzno Kosno

Jezioro Nidzkie Jezioro Siedmiu

Wysp

Kurianskie Bagno

Las Warminski Lasy Janowskie Nadgoplanski Park Tysiaclecia
Paslece

Puszcza Bialowieska

Rzeka Drweca
Slonsk

Stawy Milickie Stawy Przemkowskie Wielki Bytyn
Wielki

Landscape Parks/Pares paysagers Bolimowski
Brodnicki

Chelmski Doliny Slupi Drawski Gor Opawskich Gory Sw. Anny

Gostyn sko-Wloclawski
Inski

Kaszubski
Kazimierski
Kozienicki

Krasnabrodzki

National Parks and Protected Areas
Ksiazanski

V

Lagowski Lasy Janowslde Mazowiecki Mazurski
Mierzeja Wislana

Nadmorski
Narwianski
Poleski

Popradzki
Przedborski

Pszczewski

Puszczy Knyszynskiej Puszczy Solskiej
Slezanski
Snieznicki

Sobiborski

Stolowogorski
Strzelecki

Suwalski
Szczecinski
Trojmiejski

Tucholski

Wdzydzki
Wigierski

Wzniesienie Elblaskie
Zaleczanski

Zespol Jurajskich

Zespol Parkow Ponidzia Zespol Swietokrzyskie

Zywiecki

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Natural

Monuments/Monuments Monte de Barca e Agoluda Penedo do Lexim
Alvao
Arrabida

naturels

m m
V V V V V V V

1,158

Nature Parks/Pares naturels

Montezinho Ria Formosa
Serra S.

Mamede

Serra de Estrela
Serras de Aires e Candeeiros

National Parks and Protected Areas

REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE POPULAIRE LAO Voir paragraphe LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC

REPUBLIQUE DOMINICAINE Voir paragraphe DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
REPUBLIQUE POPULAIRE DE CHINE Voir paragraphe CHINA, PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF

REPUBLIQUE POPULAIRE DEMOCRATIQUE DE COREE Voir paragraphe KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF REPUBLIQUE SOCIALISTE SOVIETIQUE BIELORUSSIE Voir paragraphe BYELORUSSIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC
REPUBLIQUE SOCIALISTE SOVIETIQUE UKRAINE Voir paragraphe UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC
REPUBLIQUE-UNIE DU CAMEROUN Voir paragraphe CAMEROON, UNITED REPUBLIC OF

REPUBLIQUE-UNIE DU TANZANIA Voir paragraphe TANZANIA, UNITED REPUBLIC OF

ROMANIA/ROUMANIE
Summary/Sommaire

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

Bila-Lala

IV

Bucegi Caliman
Cheile Bicazului Cheile Carasului Cheile Nerei-Beusnita

Cozia
Padurea-Letea
Perisor-Zatoane-Sacalin

Periteasca-Gura Portita
Piatra Craiului
Pietrile Boghii-Pietroasa

Pietrosul

Mare

Rosca-Buhaiova-Hrecisca

Rosca-Letea
Saritoarea Bohodeiului

Scarisoara-Belioara

Sesul Craiului-Belicara
Sfintu Gheorghe-Perisor-Palade

Snagov Forest and Snagov Lake
Nature Parks/Parcs naturels Gradistea Muncelului-Cioclovina
Forest Reserves/R6serves forestiferes
Ceahlau-Politele cu crini

Domogled-Tesna-Yirful

lui

Stan

National Parks and Protected Areas

SAINT-MARIN
Voir paragraphe

SAN MARINO

SAINT SIEGE
Voir paragraphe

HOLY SEE

SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES/

SAINTE-VINCENT-ETGRENADINES
No Areas Listed/pas de
sites

SAINTE-KITTS-ET-NEVIS Voir paragraphe SAINT KITTS

AND NEVIS

SAINTE-LUCIE
Voir paragraphe

SAINT LUCIA

SAINTE-VINCENT-ETGRENADINES Voir paragraphe SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES

Voir paragraphe

SAMOA OCCIDENTALE WESTERN SAMOA
SAN MARINO/SAINT-MARIN
No Areas Listed/pas
de
sites

SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE/SAO TOME-ET-PRINCIPE
No Areas Listed/pas
de
sites

SAUDI ARABIA/ARABIE SAOUDITE

Pares nationaux

et aires protigdes

SENEGAL
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCategorie

n

6

1,012,450
1,168,259

CategoryXCategorie rv

4
10

Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

2,180,709

Basse-Casamance
Delta du Saloum

n

Djoudj
lies

de

la

Madeleine

Langue de Barbarie Niokolo-Koba
Faunal Reserves/Reserves fauniques

Ferlo-Nord
Ferlo-Sud
Ndiael

Popenguine

SEYCHELLES
Summary/Sommaire
Category\Cat6gorie CategoryXCategorie
Total
I
1

n

3 4

National Parks and Protected Areas

SINGAPORE/SINGAPOUR
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCategorie IV

2,715 2,715

Total

Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature
Central Catchment

IV

2,715

SOLOMON ISLANDS/ILES SALOMON
No Areas Listed/pas de sites

SOMALIA/SOMALIE
No Areas Listed/pas de
sites

SOUDAN
Voir paragraphe

SUDAN

SOUTH AFRICA/AFRIQUE DU SUD
Summary/Sommaire

Strict

Nature Reserves/R6serves

strictes

de nature

Prince

Edward

Islands

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

Gamka Mountain

National Parks and Protected Areas

Suurberg

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Orange Free State/Etat

libre

d'Orange

National Parks/Pares nationaux

Golden Gate Highlands
Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature
Erfenis

n
IV

6,241

1963

Dam
Dam

Hendrik Verwoerd

Dam Koppies Dam
Kalkfontein
Rustfontein

Sand veld
Soetdoring

Game Reserves/Reserves WiUem Pretorius
Other areas/Autres aires
Tussen-die-Riviere

de faune

Game Farm

National Parks and Protected Areas

Roodeplaat

Rust de Winter

Dam Dam

IV

Rustenburg
S A Lombard
Sterkspruit

Suikerbosrand

Vaalkop

Dam

Verloren Valei

Vhembe
Wolkberg Caves Wolwespruit

Game

Reserves/Reserves de faune

Manyeleti S anctuaries/S anctuaires

Melkbos Houtbay (Lobster)
Saldanha Bay Rock (Lobster)
St Helena

Bay Rock

(Lobster)

State Foiests/Forets publiques

Ceylon
Entabeni

Morgenzon
Nelshoogte/Berlin
Serala (including Wolkberg

WA)

Uitsoek

Woodbush/De Hoek

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Venda
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Nwanedi

IV

3,200

1980

SPAIN/ESPAGNE
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCategorie CategoryXCategorie
Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

n

9
51
101

122,763
1,571,040
1,817,288

CategoryXCategorie IV

V

161

3,511,091

Aigues Tones y Lago de San Mauricio Caldera de Taburiente

n

Donana Montana de Covadonga Ordesa y Monte Perdido
Tablas de Daimiel
Biological Reserves/Reserves biologiques

Bosque de Muniellos
Natural Reserves/Reserves naturelles

5,542

Caidas de

la

Negra

Els Aiguamolls de I'Emporda

Foz de Arbayun Laguna de Fuentepiedra
Larra

Mas de Melons
National

Game

Reserves/Reserves de gibier

Alto Pallars-Aran

Arroyo de la Rocina Bahia del Santona Benasque
Cadi

Cameros Cerdana
Cijara

Cortes de la Frontera

Degana
Fresser y Setcasas Fuentes Carrionas
Islas

d'Espalmador, Espardell y Islotes

La

Buitrera

Las Batuecas Los Ancares Leoneses

Los Ancares Los Circos Los Valles

Mampodrc
Montes Universales

National Parks and Protected Areas

Muela de Cortes

Pares nationaux et aires protigies

Anaga

National Parks and Protected Areas

S'Albufera de Mallorca

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

National Parks/Pares nationaux

National Parks and Protected Areas

SUDAN/SOUDAN

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Upper Coesewijne

IV

Wane kreek
Wia-wia
Nature Parks/Pares naturels

Brownsberg

SWAZILAND

National Parks and Protected Areas

Bjorko Bjuralvem Bjurum, Dagsnas
Bullero

IV

Dundret Florama Glaskogen
Gryt

Hall-Hangvar
Hallands Vadero

Haparanda Sandskar
Hartso

Hastholmen-Ytteron

Hermano
Hokensas

Holmoama
HovQallet

InnerviskQardama
Kallovaratjeh

Kilsviken

Klaveron
Klingavalsan

Komosse
Lacka Laholmsbukten Lake Takem Lango
Langviksskar

LicknevarpeQarden Lilla Karlso
Misterhult

Njupeskar
Ostra Kullaberg

Rago
Ringso
Rodkullen-Sor-Aspen

Rogen Rone Ytterholme-Laus Holmar Roro
Sandsjobacka

Seni
Sjalbottna-0

Lagno

Sjaunja

Slado-Askeskar

Stadsholmen Stora Karlso
Stora Nassa

Stromsholm
Sydbillingen

Tandovala

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigdes

Tamasjon
Tinaset

Tromto Vaggo
Verkean
Vindelfjallen

IV IV IV IV IV IV

11,800

2,500

374
136
1,430

550,000

Nature Conservation Areas/Aires de conservation

de

la nature

Brattforsheden

Fegen
Firth of

Gullmam

Hackeberga Halle-Hunneberg
Kinnekulle

Malingsbo-Kloten

Nordingra
Stigfjorden

V V V V V V V V V
IV IV IV IV rv IV IV IV IV IV IV rv

10,000
3,668
11,860

4,350
5,950

7,000

49,800
5,307

2,780

Unclassified/Non class^

Archipelago of Segerstad

750
1,200

Blahammarsmyren
Hartso-Enskars skargard

4,500
1,825

Krankesjon

Panken-AmoQorden
Pirttimysvuoma

1,400

7,500
10,000
1,500

Ripakaisenvuoma
Skatelovsfjorden

Stigsfjorden-Kalvofjorden

4,000
1,000

Svenskundsviken

Tamnaren
Tisjoomradet

3,900

3,000

SWITZERLAND/SUISSE
Summary/Sommaire
CategoryXCategorie
II 1

16,887

CategoryXCategorie lY
Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

14

94,272
111,159

15

Swiss
Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature
Binntal

n
IV

16,887

Combe Grede
Creux du Van et Gorges de L'Areuse Engstlen See - Junigbach - Achtelsass
Gelten-Iffigen

Grimsel

Hohgant
Holloch Karst

La

Pierreuse

National Parks and Protected Areas

Val de Bagnes

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

THAILAND/THAILANDE

National Paries and Protected Areas

Phu Kao - Phu Phan Kham

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

National Parks/Pares nationaux

Fazao-Malfakassa
Fosse aux Lions

n

Keran
Faunal Reserves/Reserves fauniques

Aboulaye

Akaba Djamde
Galangashie

Haho-Yoto
Kpessi
Oti Mandouri Togodo

National Parks and Protected Areas

Marine Reserves/Reserves marines
Galiton

450

1980

TURKEY/TURQUIE

National Parks/Pares nationaux

Kidepo Valley Lake Mburo Murchison Falls (Kabalega) Queen Elizabeth (Rwenzori)

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature

Budongo

IV IV

1,041

Game

Reserves/Reserves de faune

Ajai

Bokora Corridor

Bugungu
Gorilla

Karuma
Katonga
Kibale Forest Corridor Kigezi

Kyambura
Matheniko
Pian-Upe
Toro S anc tuaries/S anctuaires Dufile, Otze and Mount Kei
Entebbe

National Parks and Protected Areas

UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICSU/NION DES REPUBLIQUES
SOCIALISTES SOVIETIQUES

Pares nationaux

et aires protegees

Chatkal'skiy

]

National Parks and Protected Areas

Markakol'skiy
Matsaluskiy

I

75,040

Mordovskiy
Narynskiy

Naurzumskiy
Nigulasskiy

Nizhne-Svirskiy
Nuratinskiy

Okskiy Olekminskiy Ozenbuzgskiy Pechoro-Dychskiy
Pinezhskiy
Pirkulinskiy

Pitsyundo-Myusserskiy
Pozonaiskiy
Prioksko-Terrasnyy

Pskhu-Gumisrinskiy
Putozanskiy

Ramit Redenskiy Les
Repetekskiy
Ritsinskiy

Saguramskiy
Sary-Chelekskiy

Sayano-Shushenskiy
Severo-Osetinskiy

Shikaokhskiy
Shirvanskiy

Shul'gan Tash
Sikhote-Alinskiy
Slitere

Sokhondinskiy
Stolby

Suzkhanskiy
Syunt-Khasardagskiy Taymyrskiy
Teberdinskiy

Teychi

Tigrovaya Balka

Tsentral'nochemozemnyy
Tsentral novesnoy
'

Tsentralno- Sibirskiy

Turianchaiskiy

Ussuriyskiy

Ust'Lenskiy
Ustiyurtskiy

Vashlovanskiy

Verkhne-Tazovskiy
Vil'sandiyskiy

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

Visimskiy
Vitimskiy

I

13,750

Viydumyaeskiy
Volzhsko-Kamskiy Voronezhskiy
Vrangel Island

Yuganskiy
Yuzhno-Uzalskiy

Zaaminskiy
Zakatal'skiy

Zavidovskiy
Zeravshanskiy

Zeyskiy
Zhigulevskiy

Zhuvintas

National Parks and Protected Areas

Bridgwater Bay

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

Knoydart

V

Pares nationaux et aires protigies

Gibraltar

No Areas Listed/pas de

sites

Hong Kong/Hong-Kong
Country Parks/Pares r^gionaux Lam Tsuen
Lantau North Lantau South

V

Ma On Shan
Pat Sin

Leng

Plover Cove
Sal
Sai

Kung East Kung West

Shing
Tai

Mun

TaiLam

Mo Shan

TaiTam

National Parks and Protected Areas
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Ash Meadows
Atchafalaya
Attwater's Prairie Chicken

IV

Audubon Back Bay Banks Lake
Baskett Slough

Bear Lake Bear River Bear Valley Benton Lake Big Boggy Big Lake Big Stone Bitter Lake Blackbeard Island
Blackwater

Bogue Bogue

Chitto (Louisiana) Chitto (Mississippi)

Bombay Hook Bon Secour
Bosque del Apache

Bowdoin
Brazoria

Breton

Browns Park Buenos Aires Buffalo Lake (Texas)
Butte Sink

Cabeza

Prieta

Cache River

Camas Cape Romain
Carolina Sandhills

Catahoula

Cedar Island
Charles

M.

Russell

Chase Lake Chassahowitzka Chautauqua Chickasaw
Chicot

Chincoteague

Choctaw
Cibola
Clarence Cannon
Clear Lake

Coachella Valley

Cold Springs Columbia

National Parks and Protected Areas

Colusa

Conboy Lake
Crab Orchard

Creedman Coulee Crescent Lake Crocodile Lake
Cross Creeks

D'Arbonne Dakota Lake

De Soto (Iowa) De Soto (Nebraska)
Deer Flat Delevan
Delta

Des Lacs
Desert

Edwin B. Forsythe
Erie

Eufaula (Georgia) Eufaula (Alabama)
Fallon
Felsenthal

Fish Springs

Fishermen Island FUnt Hills
Fort Niobrara

Grasslands

Grays Lake Great Dismal Great Dismal
Great

Swamp Swamp

(Virginia)

(North Carolina)

Meadows

Great

Swamp

Great White Heron
Grulla

IV IV rv IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV rv IV rv IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV rv IV IV IV IV

1,636

2,290
17,682
1,105

1965

18,556
1,619

3,589 7,055
1,116 1,417
1,751

4,562 2,282
19,763

1935

7,915

643,471
14,017

3,238
1,309
3,211

7,250

26,285
5,758

1975

1959
1969

415
7,478
7,563

1966 1912
1965 1973

10,669

6,652

33,154
9,945
1,168

1944 1964
1969
1945

2,809

m
Neck
rv IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV IV rv IV rv

2,996
1,309

Hagerman
Halfbreed Lake
Harris

4,585
1,748 1,119

1962
1965
1941

Hart Mountain
Hatchie

100,994
5,285 3,138

Havasu
HiUside
Holla Bend

6,239 2,274
8,495

1975

1957
1941

Horicon
Imperial (Arizona)
Imperial (California)
Iroquois
J.

7,206
3,223
4,381

1941
1941

1958
1945

Clark Salyer

23,771

Ding Darling Kern
J.N.

2,037 4,297
2,388

Kesterson

185

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Kirtlands Warbler

National Parks and Protected Areas

Modoc

IV

Monomy
Monte Vista Montezuma

Moody Moosehom
Morgan Brake Muleshoe
Muscatatuck
National Bison
National Elk National

Range

Key Deer

Necedah
Nisqually

North Platte

Noxubee
Okefenokee (Florida) Okefenokee (Georgia) Optima Oregon Islands Ottawa Ouray
Overflow
Oyster Bay

Pablo
Paharanagat
Panther

Swamp

Parker River
Pathfinder

Patuxent

Pea Island Pee Dee
Pelican Island
Petit

Manan

Piedmont Pinckney Island
Pine Island
Pinellas

Pixley

Plum Tree
Pocasse

Island

Prime Hook

Pungo
QuiUayute
Quivira

Rachel Carson

Red Rock Lakes
Rice Lake
Ridgefield

Rock Lake

Pares nationaux et aires protig^es

Ruby Lake
Sabine

IV

Sacramento Saddle Mountain
Salt Plains

Salton Sea

San Andres San Bernard San Francisco Bay

San Juan Islands San Luis San Pablo Bay Sand Lake
Santee

Savannah (Georgia) Savannah (South Carolina) Seedskadee Seney Sequoyah
Sevilleta

Sheldon
Sherburne

Shiawassee
Silver

Lake

Slade

Squaw Creek
St Johns St

Marks

St Vincent
Stillwater

Sutter

Swan Lake
Swanquarter

Tamarac
Tennessee
Tensas River

Tewaukon
Texas Point

Tishomingo Trempealeau Tule Lake

TumbuU
Ul Bend
Umatilla (Oregon)

Umatilla (Washington)

Union Slough Upper Klamath Upper Mississippi (Iowa) Upper Mississippi (Minnesota) Upper Mississippi (Wisconsin)

National Parks and Protected Areas

Upper Ouachita

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

National Rivers/Fleuves nationaux

Buffalo

V

New River Gorge
National Scenic Rivers/Fleuves nationaux pittoresques

Lower

St Croix

Middle Delaware

Obed
Ozark Rio Grande (Texas) Rio Grande (New Mexico) Salmon River
St Croix

National

Wolf River Monuments/Monuments nationaux Agate Fossil Beds
Bandelier

Black Canyon of the Gunnison

Canyon de Chelly
Cedar Breaks

Chaco Canyon
Chiricahua

Colorado

Congaree

Craters of the
Deatii Valley

Swamp Moon

Devil's

Tower
Beds

Dinosaur
Florissant Fossil

Fort Jefferson Fort Matanzas

Fort Pulaski
Fossil Butte

Great Sand Dunes
J.D. Rockefeller,
Jr.

John Day Fossil Beds Joshua Tree Lava Beds Lehman Caves Marble Canyon
Natural Bridges

Organ Pipe Cactus
Pinnacles

Saguaro
Saint Croix Island
Scotts Bluff

Sunset Crater

White Sands Wupatki

National Parks and Protected Areas
National Natural Landmarks/Elements naturels

nationaux marquants

Amboy

Crater

m

Anza-Borrego Desert State Park Attwater's F*rairie Chicken Big Lake Canaan Valley
Cassia Silent City of Rocks

Cinder Cone

Como Bluff
Grants Lava Flow

Hagerman Fauna sites Henderson Sloughs Henry Mountains
Hualapai Valley Joshua Trees

Kilboume Hole Laguna Atascosa Lake Agassiz Lance Creek Fossil Area McCurtain County Wilderness Area Muleshoe
Salt Plains

Sand

Hills

Turtle Mountains

White River
National Lakeshores/Littoraux lacustres nationaux

Apostle Island
Indiana Dunes
Pictured Rocks

Sleeping Bear Dunes
National Seashores/Rivages marins nationaux

Assateague Island
Canaveral

Cape Cod Cape Hatteras Cape Lookout Cumberland Island
Fire Island

Gulf Islands
Padre Island
Point Reyes

Wilderness Areas/Aires de nature sauvage

McCurtain County
Porcupine Mountains
Natural Environment Areas/Aires d'environnement
naturel

Zekiah

Swamp

Natural Areas/Aires naturelles

Big Lazer Creek Lewis Island

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

Pigeon Mountain

IV

2,993

1974

Outstanding Natural Areas/Aires naturelles exceptionnelles

Amargosa Canyon-Dumont Dunes

National Parks and Protected Areas

Cucamonga

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegies

Maroon Bells-Snowmass
Mazatzal
Minarets

m

Mission Mountains

Mokelumne Mount Adams Mount Baldy Mount Evans Mount Hood Mount Jefferson Mount Massive Mount Sneffels Mount Washington Mount Zirkel
Mountain Lakes Neota Never Summer North Absaroka Otter Creek
Pasayten

Pecos
Pine Mountain

Piney

Geek

Ridge-Dry River Pusch Ridge Raggeds
Presidential

Rainbow Lake
Rattlesnake

Rawah
River of No Return
Rockpile Mountain

San San San San San

Gabriel

Gorgonio
Jacinto

Pedro Parks
Rafael

Sandia Mountain
Santa Lucia

Savage Run
Sawtooth
Scapegoat
Selway-Bitterroot (Montana)
Selway-Bitterroot (Idaho)

Shining
Sierra

Rock Ancha

Sipsey

South San Juan
South Warner
Strawberry Mountain
Superstition

National Parks and Protected Areas

Sycamore Canyon

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegies

National Battlefields/Champs de bataille nationaux

National Parks and Protected Areas

Bruneau

V

Buckhom
Bucktail

Buffalo BiU

Caballo Lake

Cacapon
Caesars

Head
Hills

Calaveras Big Trees

Camden

Canaan Valley Cape Henlopen Caprock Canyon
Castle Crags Castle

V

2,434

1968

Rock

Catalina
Catskill

Cedar Bluff Reservoir Cheaha

Cheraw
Cimarron Canyon Clarence Fahnstock Memorial Connetquot

Cook Forest
Coolidge
Coral Pink Sand Dunes

Crawford Notch
Croft

Crow Wing
Cuivre River

Cunningham
Custer

Falls

V

29,492

1913

Cuyamaca Rancho Dale Hollow

De

Soto
Point

Dead Horse

Deception Pass

Deer Creek Lake Del Norte Coast Redwoods Delaware Canal Devils Lake Douthat Elephant Butte Lake
F.D. Roosevelt

Fairy Stone False Cape

Farragut
Forest of Nisene Marks Fort

Cobb

Fort Robinson

Foss

197

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

Fountainhead
Franconia Notch

V

French Creek
Galveston Island

Gaviota
Giant City

Gingko Glendo

Petrified Forest

Goblin Valley

Golden Gate Canyon Governor Dodge Grafton Notch Grayson Highlands Great Salt Lake Greenbo Lake Resort Greyson River Lake
Guernsey Gulf

Gunpowder Falls (Maryland) Hale Ranch
Hard Labor Creek Harriman (Idaho) Harriman (New York)
Hartwick Pines

Hennepin Canal Henry Cowell Redwoods Henry W. Coe Heron Lake

Heybum
Hickory Run

High Point Highland Lakes
Holly River

Hudson Highlands Humbolt Redwoods
Hunting Island Huntington Beach
Indian

Cave
Beach

Indian Rocks
Island
Itasca

Janes Island

Jay

Cooke

Jedediah Smith
Joe Wheeler

Redwoods

John Pennekamp Coral Reef
Julia Pfeiffer

Bums

Kankakee River Keyhole Kings Mountain

National Parks and Protected Areas

Lake Barkley Resort Lake Cumberland Resort Lake Guntersville Lake Havasu Lake Mineral Wells Lake Murray Lake Tahoe Nevada Lake of the Ozarc
Laurel Hill Laurel Ridge

V

Lee
Letchworth
Little

River (Vermont)

Ix>ry

Lost River

Malibu Creek McCalla

McConnells Mill

McCroskey Meramec
Mille Lacs-Kathio

Minnewaska Monahans Sand Hills Montana de Oro Montgomery Bell Moran Mount Diablo Mount San Jacinto Mount Spokane Mount Tamalpais
Mt. Blue

Mustang Island
Natchez Trace

V

1,499

1964

Navajo Lake (Pine) Oak Mountain Occoneechee Ohiopyle Oil Creek Oswald West Painted Rocks
Palo Duro Canyon Patapsco Valley
Patuxent River

Pawtuckaway
Paynes Prairie

Pedemales
Penninsula

Falls

Pere Marquette
Pettigrew

Pichacho Peaks

199

Pares nationaux

et aires

protdgies

Pillsbury

V

Pine Mountain Resort

Pipestem
Pisgah Wilderness

Plumas-Eureka
Point

Mugo
11

Porcupine Mountains Wilderness

20,200

1944

Creek Redwoods Presque Isle
Prairie

Prince Gallitzin

Quartz Mountain

Red Rock Canyon Ringwood
Riverside

Robbers Cave
Robert Louis Stevenson

Rock Cut Rocky Gap
Saddle Mountains

Saddleback Butte
Salt Point

Sam A. Baker
Samuel P. Taylor Santa Rosa Lake Sea Rim
Seashore

HI

2,107

1928

Seminole Necklace Seminole

Seneca Creek Sequoyah

Sibam Springs
Silver Falls

Snow Canyon
South Llano River
St Croix
Starvation

Lake

Starved

Rock

Steamboat Lake Steamboat Rock
Stephen A. Forbes

Sumner Lake Sun Lakes Sunapee, Mount
Susquehanna Swan Marshes
Table Rock

Taconic-Rudd Pond-Copake Falls

Tahquamenon Falls The Cove Palisades Tobyhanna

200

National Parks and Protected Areas

Topanga

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

Kenai Kenai National Moose Range Kodiak

IV

Koyukuk
Nowitna
Selawik
Tetiin

Togiak

Yukon Delta Yukon Flats National Monuments/Monuments nationaux
Admiralty Island

Aniakchak
Bering Land Bridge

Cape Krusenstem
Gates of the Arctic

Misty Fjords
National Natural Landmarks/Elements naturels

nationaux marquants

Alaska Maritime Aniakchak Crater
Arrigetch Peaks

Lake George
Malaspina Glacier

Mount Veniaminof Unga Island
Walker Lake

Yukon Delta
National Forests/Forets nationales

Chugach
Tongass
National Forest Wildernesses/Zones nationales

sauvages bois6es

Admiralty Island
Coronation Island
Endicott River

Maurelle Islands

Misty Fiords Petersburg Creek-Duncan Salt Chuck
Russell Fiord

South Baranof South Prince of Wales
Stikine-LeConte

Tebenkof Bay Tracy Arm-Fords Terror Warren Island West Chicagof-Yakobi
State Parks/Pares publics

Chugach

Kachemak Wilderness

National Parks and Protected Areas

Hawaii/Hawai
National Parks/Pares nationaux

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

National

Monuments/Monuments nationaux Buck Island Reef

m
du Pacifique

356

1961

Other

US

Pacific Islands/Autres iles americaines

National Wildlife Refuges/Refuges nationaux

National Parks and Protected Areas

Duida Marahuaca

Pares nationaux

et aires

protegees

Piedemonte norte de

la Cordillera

Andina

National Parks and Protected Areas

Duoc Nam Can

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigees

YEMEN
No
Areas Listed/pas de
this list
sites

was compiled, the Yemen Arab Republic and of Yemen have combined to form the Republic of Yemen.
Since

the People's Democratic Republic

Depuis

la realisation

de

la

prdsente

liste, la

R6publique arabe du

Y6mcn

et la

R6publique

democratique du

Yemen

ont fusionn^ pour former la Republique du Y6men.

YEMEN, DEMOCRATIC/YEMEN DEMOCRATIQUE
No Areas Listed/pas de
Since this
list

sites

was compiled, the Yemen Arab Republic and of Yemen have combined to form the Republic of Yemen.
Depuis
la realisation

the People's Democratic Republic

de

la

presente

liste, la

Republique arabe du

Yemen

et la

Republique

democratique du

Yemen

ont fusionne pour former la Republique du Yemen.

YUGOSLAVIAA'OUGOSLAVIE
Summary/Sommaire

National Parks and Protected Areas
Nature Reserves/Reserves de nature
Bijele
i

Samarske Stijene
i

I

Deliblatska Pescara

Hajducki

Rozanski Kukovi

Jorgov kamen

Kopacki Rit Korab Kotorsko Risanski Zaliv
Malostonski Zaljev

Neretva Delta

Obedska Bara Obedska bara Kcxi Kupinova in
Ohrid (Ohridsko) jezero Otok Cresu

Otok Krk Rta Glavine do Uvale Mala Luka Vodno Prasuma perucica Senecka planina Veliki i Mali Strbac ra Trajonovum tablom
Planina

Zvijezda
Natural

Monuments/Monuments

naturels

Djalovica Klisura
Djavolja varos

Dojran

Markovi Kuli
Ohridsko jezero
Prespanske jezero

Rugovska

klisura

Scedro Island
Severoistocni dio poluotoka lopara na otoku

Suma od Krivulj na Jakusici Landscape Parks/Pares paysagers Obalno Podrucje Otaka Hvara Otok badija kraj otoka korcule Robanov Kot Topla
Yidova gora Zvecevo na papuku
Historical Sanctuaries/Sanctuaires historiques

Selo Trsic i okalina marastira Regional Nature Parks/Pares naturels regionaux

Biokovo

Gomje Podunavljc
Grmija
Palic-Ludas

Resava
Stari

Begej

Tribevic

Zahorina
Zvijezda na Planini Tara

Pares nationaux

et aires

protigies

State Parks/Pares publics

Titova pecina na otoku visu

m
Summary/Sommaire

120

1964

ZAIRE
CategoryXCategorie
CategoryXCat^gorie
I

1

250,000
8,544,000

H

7
1

Category\Cat6gorie IV
Total
National Parks/Pares nationaux

33,000
8,827,000

9

Garamba
Kahuzi-Biega

n

Kundelungu Maiko
Salonga

Upemba
Virunga
Flora Reserves/Reserves de flore

Yangambi
Forest Reserves/R6serves forestieres

Luki

National Parks and Protected Areas

West Lunga

Pares nationaux

et aires protigies

TOTAL NUMBER OF DESIGNATED SITES/NOMBRE TOTAL DE SITES DESIGNES
Category\Cat6gorie Category\Cat6gorie
I

II

Category\Cat6gorie HI Category\Categorie FV Category\Cat6gorie

V

Total

ANALYSIS OF INFORMATION
All of the information provided in this UN List is stored within a computer database, and a wide range of other information is held about each site (and about many other sites not covered here). Some of this information will be analysed in publications by staff and others. As an indication of this analytic capability, two graphs and two tables have been included within the

WCMC

UN List.
Growth of the world coverage of protected areas
Two graphs
are provided,
1),

time (Figure

one illustrating growth in the number and area of protected areas widi and the odier illustrating growth in the number and area within each five year

period (Figure
in

2). It should be noted that establishment of the Northeast Greenland National Park 1974 (70 million hectares) has a very significant effect on the graphs, as the site is an order of magnitude larger than any other site on the UN List.

Biogeography
As
each of the areas has been located within one of the biogeographical provinces defined by Udvardy (1975), although the province concerned is not
list

in the previous three editions of the

actually identified within this

list.

The system of biogeographical provinces of the world defined
is

by Udvardy for

lUCN divides

the world into eight realms, subdivided into 193 provinces, with

each province being characterised by one of 14 biome types. This information
a crude analysis of coverage both by province, and by biome type.

used

to provide

Table

1

provides a

summary of protected

area coverage (number of sites and total area) of each
this

of the realms and provinces recognised by Udvardy. However, when analysing
limitations of the system

data various

must be considered, resulting both from its relative crudity, and, for example, differences in size between provinces. A 5000 hectare protected area in the relatively small Malagasy Thorn Forest province, for example, would protect a much larger section of that province than an equivalent sized reserve in the huge Somalian province. While the results are
sufficient to illustrate patchy coverage,

more

detailed analysis

is

necessary to determine real

needs and

priorities.
total area) by biome biome type protected within each realm. Summarisation approximation of how well the major ecological formations
It

Table 2 provides a summary of protected area coverage (number of sites and
type, indicating the proportion of each

of coverage by biome gives a
are protected, although there
is

first

is,

of course, considerable variation of protection within biomes.

important to appreciate that biome type does not

mean

the

same

as habitat type; a protected

humid forest biome may not necessarily contain tropical humid forest, and an area containing tropical humid forest could occur in another biome altogether (such as mixed island systems). Note in this regard that Udvardy identifies all of Indonesia, insular Malaysia and the Philippines as mixed island systems rather than tropical humid forest. Also, as was noted
area within a tropical

above for provinces, it is important to realise that there are significant differences between the areas covered by different biome types. For example, in the Neotropics there are extensive areas covered by the tropical humid forest biome (about a quarter of the continent), but only a small area covered by the lake systems biome (Lake Titicaca on the Peru/Bolivia border).

213

ANALYSE DE L'INFORMATION
Toute rinformation donnee dans laListe des Nations Unies est stockde dans une base de donnees informatisee et nous detenons beaucoup d'autres infonnations sur chaque site (et sur beaucoup d'autres sites ne figurant pas dans la Liste). Une partie de cette information sera analysee dans
des publications, par le personnel du CMSC, entre autres. Deux graphiques et deux tableaux presentant cette capacite analytique ont et6 inclus dans la Liste des Nations Unies.

Expansion de

la superficie
illustrent,

mondiale des aires protegees
respectivement

Les deux graphiques

1' augmentation du nombre et de la superficie des augmentation du nombre et de la superficie par aires protigdes dans le temps (Figure 1) et 1' periode de cinq ans (Figure 2). n convient de noter que la creation du Pare national du Nord-Est du Groenland, en 1974, avec ses 70 millions d'hectares, a eu un effet tres marque car I'ordre de

grandeur du

site est

superieur a celui de n'importe quel autre

site

de

la Liste

des Nations Unies.

Biogeographie

Comme dans les trois editions precedentes de la Liste, chacune des aires a ete replacee dans une
des provinces biogeographiques definies par Udvardy (1975), meme si la province en question n'est pas reellement identifiee dans cette Liste. Le reseau mondial de provinces

biogeographiques defmi par Udvardy pour I'UICN divise le monde en huit domaines, subdivises en 193 provinces, chacune etant caracteris6e par un des 14 types de biomes. Cette information est utilisee pour donner une analyse brute de la couverture par province et par type de biome.

propose un resume de la couverture des aires protegees (nombre de sites et superficie totale) de chacun des domaines et provinces reconnus par Udvardy. Toutefois, dans I'analyse de ces donn6es, il convient de prendre en consideration diverses limites du systeme,

Le Tableau

1

venant k

la fois

de sa simplicite relative
aire proteg6e

et,

par exemple, de dimensions differentes entre les

de 5(XX) hectares dans la province relativement petite de la foret epineuse malgache, par exemple, protege une plus grande proportion de cette province qu'une reserve de taille equivalente dans I'immense province somalienne. Alors que les r6sultats sont
provinces.

Une

suffisants

pour

illustrer

une couverture en "patchwork", une analyse plus precise
et les priorites reels. la

est necessaire

pour determiner

les besoins

Le Tableau 2 propose un r6sum6 de

couverture des aires prot6g6es (nombre de

sites et

superficie totale) par type de biome, et indique quelle proportion de

protegee dans chaque domaine. Le resume de

la

chaque type de biome est couverture par biome donne un premier apergu
ait,

de

la protection r6elle

des principales formations ecologiques bien qu'il y

naturellement, des

variations considerables dans le degre de protection a I'interieur de chaque biome.
retenir

n

importe de

que "type de biome" n'a pas une
aire

le

meme

sens que

"type d'habitat";

une

aire protegee se

trouvant dans un biome de foret humide tropicale ne contient pas necessairement de foret humide

contenant une foret humide tropicale peut se trouver dans un biome tout k fait different (par exemple, un systeme insulaire mixte). A cet 6gard, il convient de noter qu'Udvardy identifie I'ensemble de I'lndon^sie, de la Malaisie insulaire et des Philippines ^ des
tropicale et

humides tropicales. De plus, comme nous I'avons d6ja mentionn6 pour les provinces, il importe de savoir qu'il y a des differences importantes entre les aires couvertes par differents types de biomes. Par exemple, en Amerique du Sud, de vastes regions sont couvertes par le biome de foret tropicale humide (environ un quart du continent) alors qu'une seule region, de faibles dimensions, est incluse dans le biome
systemes insulaires mixtes
et

non a des biomes de

forets

"systeme lacustre"

(le lac Titicaca,

k la firontiere

du P6rou

et

de

la Bolivie).

214

Analysis of information

Figure 1

yf':^y^-y^MjjW!\fv^\'iiyfr'

Analyse de

l'

information

Figure 2

216

Analysis of information

TABLE

1

Biogeographical Coverage of Protected Areas

Couverture biogeographique des aires protegees

Name of province

Analyse de

l'

information

17

Analysis of information

20

Analyse de

I'

information

Australian

Analysis of information

28 29 30
31

Campos Limpos
Babacu

Campos Cerrados Argentinian Pampas

6 6 22
10
12
19

8,531,514

903,050
3,573,143

900,783
1,275,244

Uruguayan Pampas Northern Andean Colombian Montane 35 Yungas 36 Puna 37 Southern Andean 38 Bahamas-Bermudean 39 Cuban 40 Greater Antillean
32 33 34
41
Lesser Antillean

4,145,579

23
18 21

4,455,969
2,952,885

2,398,810
11,478,459

50 7
31

135,590

719,265 562,359
111,387

20
10

42 Revilla Gigedo Island 43 Cocos Island 44 Galapagos Islands 45 Fernando De Noronja Island 46 South Trinidade Island 47 Lake Titicaca
Total

1

2,400
8,756,514

2
1

36,249

1

36,180
107,615,197
12,010,655

736

Biogeographical classification unknown/ Classiflcation biogeographique inconnue

415

TOTAL

6,940

651,467,597

221

Analyse de

I'

information

TABLE 2
Ecological Coverage of Protected Areas

Couverture ^cologique des aires protegees
Biome and Realm

Analysis of information
Australian

Neotropical

Total

46 32 289
21

18,026,768

2,214,414

85,472,182

Cold-winter deserts
Nearctic
Palaearctic

723,283
19,738,755

88

Neotropical

Total

42 151
56
8

2,732,168

23,194,206

TUndra communities
Nearctic
Palaearctic

129,722,512
7,068,358

Antarctic

15

308,634
137,099,504

Total

79
14

Tropical grasslands/savannas
Australian

2,807,294
14,725,825

Neotropical

37

Total

51

17,533,119

Temperate grasslands
Nearctic
Palaearctic

70
41
51

787,425
3,013,579
1,007,736

Australian

Neotropical

Total

22 184

2,176,027

6,984,767

Mixed mountain systems
Nearctic
Palaearctic

302
681

17,666,573

26,304,771
6,961.453

Afrotropical

73
131 1,187

Neotropical

25,431,702 76,364,499

Total

Mixed

island systems

Palaearctic

8

62,502 44,392
12,762,523

Afrotropical

Indomalayan Oceanian
Neotropical
Total

6 261
81

7,361,329
10,323,764

72 428

30,554,510

Lake systems
Nearctic
Palaearctic

13

514,048
59,272 55,100 36,180

Afrotropical

2 2
1

Neotropical

Total
Classification

18

664,600
12,010,655

unknown

415
6,940

TOTAL

651,467,597

223

WORLD HERITAGE SITES/BIENS DU PATRIMOINE MONDIAL
The Convention Concerning
the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage was adopted in Paris in 1972, and came into force in December 1975. The Convention provides for

the designation of areas of "outstanding universal value" as world heritage sites, with the
principal

aim of fostering international cooperation in safeguarding these important areas. Sites, which must be nominated by the signatory nation responsible, are evaluated for their world heritage quality before being declared by the World Heritage Committee. Only natural sites are
considered here.
Article

2 of the World Heritage Convention considers

as natural heritage: natural features

consisting of physical and biological formations or groups of such formations, which are of

outstanding universal value from the aesthetic or scientific point of view; geological or
physiographical formations and precisely delineated areas which constitute the habitat of
threatened species of animals and plants of outstanding universal value from the point of view

of science or conservation; and natural
the are published

sites

or precisely delineated areas of outstanding universal

value from the point of view of science, conservation or natural beauty. Criteria for inclusion in
list

by Unesco.

La Convention concernant la protection dupatrimoine mondial, culturel et naturel a ete adoptee a Paris en 1972 et est entree en vigueur en decembrc 1975. La Convention prevoit la designation
de regions de "valeur universeUe exceptionnelle" en tant que biens du patrimoine mondial, dans le but premier d'encourager la cooperation Internationale pour la sauvegarde de ces regions
importantes. Les sites, qui doivent etre designes par I'Etat signataire responsable, sont evalues en fonction de leur qualite de biens du patrimoine mondial avant d'etre acceptes par le Comite du patrimoine mondial. Nous ne tenons compte ici que des biens naturels.
L' article 2 de la Convention

du patrimoine mondial considere

comme

patrimoine naturel: les

monuments

naturels constitues par des formations physiques et biologiques

ou par des groupes

de telles formations qui ont une valeur universeUe exceptionnelle du point de vue esthetique ou scientifique; les formations geologiques et physiographiques et les zones strictement delimitees constituant I'habitat d'especes animales et vegetales menac6es, qui ont une valeur universeUe
exceptionneUe du point de vue de la science ou de la conservation; les sites naturels ou les zones naturelles strictement deUmitees, qui ont une valeur universeUe exceptionnelle du point de vue de la science, de la conservation ou de la beaut^ naturelle. Les criteres determinant I'inscription
sur la Liste sont publics par 1 'Unesco.

was compiled, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic have combined to form an enlarged Federal Republic of Germany, and the Yemen Arab Republic and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen have combined to form the RepubUc of Yemen.
Since
this Ust

Depuis la realisation de la pr^sente Uste, la R^publique fed^rale d'AUemagne et la R^pubUque et la ddmocratique allemande ont fusionn6 pour former la R6publique fed^rale d'AUemagne, R6publique arabe du Yemen et la Republique d^mocratique du Y6men ont fusionnd pour former
la

Republique du Yemen.

225

Biens du patrimoine mondial

lid

World Heritage

Sites

WORLD HERITAGE LIST
LISTE
Natural
sites

DU PATRIMOINE MONDIAL

inscribed by the Committee of the Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage
la

Biens naturels inscrits par

comite de

la

Convention concernant
et

la

protection

du

patrimoine mondial, culturel

naturel

AFGHANISTAN
Ratification

20 March/mars 1979
inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la
liste

No sites

ALBANIA/ALBANIE
Ratification 10 July/juillet 1989

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

ALGERIA/ALGERIE
Ratification
Tassili

24 June/juin 1974

N'Ajjer (Inscribed/inscrit 1982)

ALLEMAGNE, REPUBLIQUE FEDERAL D'
Voir paragraphe Germany, Federal Republic of

ANTIGUA & BARBUDA
Acceptance/Acceptation
1

November/novembre 1983
liste

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

ARABIE SAOUDITE
Voir paragraph Saudi Arabia

ARGENTINA/ARGENTINE
Acceptance/Acceptation 23 August/aout 1978

Los Glaciares National

Parle (Inscribed/inscrit 1981)

Iguazu National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1984)

AUSTRALIA/AUSTRALIE
Ratification

22 August/aout 1974
I

Great Barrier Reef (Inscribed/inscrit 1981)

Kakadu National Park (Stage
(Stage
II

Inscribed/inscrit 1981)

Inscribed/inscrit 1987)

Willandra Lakes Region (Inscribed/inscrit 1981)

Lord Howe Island Group (Inscribed/inscrit 1982) Tasmania Wilderness (InscribedAnscrit 1982)
(Extended/elargie 1989) Australian East Coast Temperate and Subtropical Rainforest Parks (Inscribed/inscrit 1986)

227

Biens du patrimoine mondial

Uluni (Ayers Rock) National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1987) Wet Tropics of Queensland (Inscribed/inscrit 1988)

BANGLADESH
Acceptance/Acceptation 3 Augusi/aout 1983

No natural sites inscribed/Pas de biens

naturels inscrits sur la liste

BENIN
Ratification 14 June/juin

1982
de biens naturels
inscrits sur la liste

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

BOLIVIA/BOLIVIE
Ratification

4 October/octobre 1976
sites inscribed/Pas

No natural

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

BRAZIL/BRESIL
Acceptance/Acceptation
1

September/septembre 1977

Igua^u National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1986)

BULGARIA/BULGARIE
Acceptance/Acceptation 7 March/mars 1974

Sr6bama Nature Reserve

(Inscribed/inscrit 1983)

Pirin National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1983)

BURKINA FASO
Ratification 2 April/avril 1987

No sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits

sur la liste

BURUNDI
Ratification 19

May/mai 1982
sur la liste

No sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits

BYELORUSSIAN SSR
Ratification 12 October/octobre 1988

No sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits

sur la liste

CAMEROON
Ratification 7

December/d6cembre 1982 Dja Faunal Reserve (Inscribed/inscrit 1987)

CANADA
Acceptance/Acceptation 23 July/juillet 1976

Nahanni National Park (InscribedAnscrit 1978) Dinosaur Provincial Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

Wood Buffalo National Park

(InscribedAnscrit 1983)

Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks (Inscribed/inscrit 1984) Gros Mome National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1987)

228

World Heritage

Sites

With

the

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA/avec les ETATS-UNIS D'AMERIQUE

Kluane-Wrangell/St Elias National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

CAPE VERDE/CAP- VERT
Acceptance/Acceptation 28 April/avril 1988

No sites inscribed/Pas de

biens inscrits sur la

liste

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Ratification

22 December/d6cembre 1980

Pare national de Manovo-Gounda-St Floris (Inscribed/inscrit 1988)

CHILE/CHILI
Ratification

20 February/fevrier 1980
biens inscrits sur la
liste

No sites inscribed/Pas de

CHINA, PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF/CHINE, REPUBLIQUE POPULAIRE DE
Ratification 12 Decern ber/decembre 1985

See belowAbir ci-dessous

CHYPRE
Voir paragraphe Cyprus

COLOMBIA/COLOMBIE
Acceptance/Acceptation 24 May/mai 1983

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

CONGO/REPUBLIQUE POPULAIRE DU CONGO
Ratification 10

December/decembre 1987
liste

No

sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

COSTA RICA
Ratification 23 August/aout 1977

Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves

(Inscribed/inscrit 1983)

COTE D'lVOIRE
Ratification 9 January/janvier 1981

Tai National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1982)

Comoe National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1983) With GUINEA/avec la GUINEE Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (Inscribed/inscrit

1982)

CUBA
Ratification

24 March/mars 1981
sites inscribed/Pas

No natural

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

229

Biens du patrimoine mondial

CYPRUS/CHYPRE
Acceptance/Acceptation 14 August/aout 1975

No natural sites inscribed/Pas de biens

naturels inscrit sur la liste

DENMARK/DANEMARK
Ratification 25 July/juillet 1979

Pas de biens

inscrits sur la liste/No sites inscribed

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
Ratification 12 February/fevrier 1985

No sites

listed/Pas

de biens

inscrits sur la liste

ECUADOR/EQUATEUR
Acceptance/Acceptation 16 June/juin 1975

Galapagos Islands (Inscribed^nscrit 1978) Sangay National Park (InscribedAnscrit 1983)

EGYPT/EGYPTE
Ratification 7 February/f6vrier

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

1974 de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

EQUATEUR
Voir paragraphe Ecuador

ESPAGNE
Voir paragraphe Spain

ETATS-UNIS D'AMERIQUE
Voir paragraphe United States of America

ETHIOPIA/ETHIOPIE
Ratification

6

July/juillet

1977

Simien National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1978)

FINLAND
Ratification

No

4 March/mars 1987 sites inscribed/Pas de biens

inscrits sur la liste

FRANCE
Acceptance/Acceptation 27 June/juin 1975

Cape Girolata, Cape Porto and Scandola Nature Reserve Also see below/Voir aussi ci-dessous

in Corsica (Inscribed/inscrit 1983)

GABON
Ratification

30 December/d6cembre 1986
sur la liste

No sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits

230

World Heritage

Sites

GAMBIA
Ratification
1

July/juillet

1987
sur la liste

No sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits

GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
Acceptance/Acceptation 12 December/decembre 1988

No sites inscribed/Pas de

biens inscrits sur la

liste

GERMANY, FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF
Ratification 23 August/aout

1976
de biens naturels
inscrits sur la liste

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

GHANA
Ratification

4

July/juillet
sites

1975
liste

No natural

inscribed/Pas de biens naturels inscrits sur la

GREECE/GRECE
Ratification 17 July/juillet 1981

See below/Voir ci-dessous

GUATEMALA
Ratification 16 January/janvier 1979

Tikal National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

GUINEA/GUINEE
Ratification 18

^

March/mars 1979
Strict

With/avec

la

COTE D'lVOIRE
Nature Reserve (Inscribed/inscrit 1981)

Mount Nimba

GUYANA/GUY ANE
Acceptance/Acceptation 20 June/juin 1977

No sites inscribed/Pas de

biens inscrits

siu" la liste

HAITI
Ratification 18 January/janvier

1980
naturels inscrits sur la liste

No natural sites inscribed/Pas de biens

HOLY SEE
Accession/Adhesion 7 October/octobre 1982 No natural sites inscribed/Pas de biens naturels
inscrits sur la liste

HONDURAS
Ratification 8 June/juin 1979

Rio Plitano Biosphere Reserve

(Inscribed/inscrit 1982)

231

Biens du patrimoine mondial

HUNGARY/HONGRIE
Acceptance/Acceptation 15 July/juillet 1985

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

INDIA/INDE
Ratification 14

November/novembre 1977

Kaziranga National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1985) Manas National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1985)

Keoladeo National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1985) Sundarbans National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1987) Nanda Devi National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1988)

INDONESIA/INDONESIE
Acceptance/Acceptation 6 July/juillet 1989

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

IRAK
Voir paragraphe Iraq

IRAN
Acceptance/Acceptation 26 February/fevrier 1975

No natiu-al

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

IRAQ/IRAK
Acceptance/Acceptation 5 March/mars 1974

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

ITALY/ITALIE
Ratification 23 June/juin 1978

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

JAMAHIRYA ARABE LIBYENNE
Voir paragraphe Libya

JAMAICA/JAMAIQUE
Acceptance/Acceptation 14 June/juin 1983

No

sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

JORDAN/JORDANIE
Ratification 5

May/mai 1975
sites inscribed/Pas

No natural

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
Ratification

20 March/mars 1987
inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la
liste

No sites

232

World Heritage

Sites

LEBANON/LIBAN
Ratification 3 February/f^vrier 1983

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA
Ratification 13 October/octobre 1978

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

LUXEMBOURG
Ratification 28 September/septembre 1983

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

MADAGASCAR
Ratification 19 July/juillet 1983

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

MALAWI
Ratification 5 January/janvier 1982

Lake Malawi National Park

(Inscribed/inscrit 1984)

MALAYSIA/MALAISIE
Ratification 7

No sites

December/d^cembre 1988 inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur

la liste

MALDIVES
Acceptance/Acceptation 22 May/mai 1986
No-sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la
liste

MALI
Acceptance/Acceptation 5 April/a vril 1977

See belowA'bir ci-dessous

MALTA/MALTE
Acceptance/Acceptation 14 November/novembre 1978

No natural

sites

inscribed/Pas de biens naturels inscrits sur la

liste

MAROC
Voir paragraphe Morocco

MAURITANIA/MAURITANIE
Ratification 2

March/mars 1981 Banc d'Arguin National Park

(InscribedAnscrit 1989)

MEXICO/MEXIQUE
Acceptance/Acceptation 23 February/f^vrier 1984
Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve (Inscribed/inscrit 1987)

233

Biens du patrimoine mondial

MONACO
Ratification 7

November/novembre 1978
liste

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

MONGOLIA/MONGOLIE
Acceptance/Acceptation 2 Febniary/fdvrier 1990

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

MOROCCO/MAROC
Ratification 28 October/octobre 1975

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

MOZAMBIQUE
Ratification 27

November/novembre 1982
liste

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

NEPAL
Acceptance/Acceptation 20 June/juin 1978

Sagarmatha National Park (InscribedAnscrit 1979) Royal Chitwan National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1984)

NEW ZEALAND
Ratification

22 November/novembre 1984
(Inscribed/inscrit 1986)

Fiordland National Park (InscribedAnscrit 1986)

Westiand/Mount Cook National Parks

NICARAGUA
Acceptance/Acceptation 17 December/decembre 1979

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

NIGER
Acceptance/Acceptation 23 December/decembre 1974

No

sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

NIGERIA
Ratification

No

23 October/octobre 1974 sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur

la Uste

NORWAY/NORVEGE
Ratification 12

May/mai 1977
sites inscribed/Pas

No natural

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

NOUVELLE ZELANDE
Voir paragraphe

New Zealand

234

World Heritage

Sites

OMAN
Acceptance/Acceptation 6 October/octobre 1981

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

OUGANDA
Voir paragraphe

Uganda

PAKISTAN
Ratification

23

July/juillet

1976
sur la liste

No natural sites inscribed/Pas de biens naturels inscrits

PANAMA
Ratification 3

March/mars 1978

Darien National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1981

PARAGUAY
Ratification

28 April/avril 1988
sur la liste

No sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits

PERU/PEROU
Ratification

24 February/f6vrier 1982

Sanctuario historico de Macchu Picchu (Inscribed/inscrit 1983) Huascar^ National Park (InscribedAnscrit 1985)

Manu

National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1987)

PHILIPPINES
Ratification 19 September/septembre 1985

No sites

listed/Pas

de biens

inscrits sur la liste

POLAND/POLOGNE
Ratification

29 June/juin 1976

Bialowieza National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

PORTUGAL
Ratification

30 September/septembre 1980
sites inscribed/Pas

No natural

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

QATAR
Acceptance/Acceptation 12 September/septembre 1984

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

REPUBLIQUE ARABE SYRIENNE
Voir paragraphe Syria

REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE
Voir paragraphe Central Afiican Republic

235

Biens du patrimoine mondial

REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE ALLEMANDE
Voir paragraphe

German Democratic Republic

REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE POPULAIRE LAO
Voir paragraphe

Lao People's Democratic Republic

REPUBLIQUE DOMINICAINE
Voir paragraphe Dominican Republic

REPUBLIC OF KOREA/REPUBLIQUE DE COREE
Acceptance/Acceptation 14 September/14 septembre 1988

No sites inscribed/Pas de

biens inscrits sur la

liste

REPUBLIQUE POPULAIRE DU CONGO
Voir paragraphe

Congo

RSS DE BIELORUSSIE
Voir paragraphe Byelorussian

SSR

RSS D'UKRAINE
Voir paragraphe Ukrainian

SSR

REPUBLIQUE UNIE DE TANZANIE
Voir paragraphe Tanzania

REPUBLIQUE UNIE DU CAMEROUN
Voir paragraphe

Cameroon

ROYAUME-UNI
Voir paragraphe United

Kingdom

ROMANIA/ROUMANIE
Acceptance/Acceptation 16 May/mai 1990

No sites inscribed/Pas de

biens inscrits sur la

liste

SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS/SAINTCHRISTOPHEET-NEVIS
Acceptance/Acceptation 10
July/juillet

1986
sur la liste

No sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits
SAINT-SIEGE
Voir paragraphe Holy See

SAUDI ARABIA
Acceptance/Acceptation 7 August/aout 1978

No sites inscribed/Pas de

biens inscrits sur la Uste

236

World Heritage

Sites

SENEGAL
Ratification 13 February/fevrier 1976

Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (Inscribed/inscrit 1981) Niokolo-Koba National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1981)

SEYCHELLES
Acceptance/Acceptation 9 April/avril 1980 Aldabra Atoll (Inscribed/inscrit 1982)
Vallee de

Mai Nature Reserve

(Inscribed/inscrit 1983)

SOUDAN
Voir paragraphe Sudan

SPAIN
Acceptance 4 May/mai 1982
Garajonay National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1986)

SRI

LANKA
Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Inscribed/inscrit 1988)

Acceptance/Acceptation 6 June/juin 1980

SUDAN/SOUDAN
Ratification 6 June/juin 1974

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

SWEDEN/SUEDE
Ratification

No

sites

22 January/janvier 1985 inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur

la liste

SWITZERLAND/SUISSE
Ratification 17 September/septembre 1975

No natural

sites

inscribed/Pas de biens naturels inscrits sur la

liste

SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC
Acceptance/Acceptation 13 August/aout 1975

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

TANZANIA
Ratification 2 August/aout 1977

Ngorongoro Conservation Area

(Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

Serengeti National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1981)

Selous Game Reserve (Inscribed/inscrit 1982) Mt Kilimanjaro National Park (Inscribed/inscrit

1987)

THAILAND/THAILANDE
Acceptance/Acceptation 17 September/septembre 1987

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

237

Biens du patrimoine mondial

TUNISIA/TUNISIE
Ratification 10

March/mars 1975

Ichkeul National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1980)

TURKEY/TURQUIE
Ratification 16

March/mars 1983

Gorcme

National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1985)

Also see belowA'bir aussi ci-dessous

UGANDA
Acceptance/Acceptation 20 November/novembre 1987

No sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits

sur la liste

UKRAINIAN SSR
Ratification 12 October/octobre 1988

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

UNITED KINGDOM
Ratification

29 May/mai 1984
(Inscribed/inscrit 1986)
(Inscribed/inscrit 1988)

St Kilda (Inscribed/inscrit 1986)

Causeway Henderson Island
Giant's

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Ratification 7

December/d6cembre 1973

Yellowstone National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1978)
Everglades National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1979) Grand Canyon National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

Redwood

National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1980) National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1981)

Mammoth Cave

Olympic National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1981) Great Smoky Mountains National Park (InscribedAnscrit 1983)
Yosemite National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1984) Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1987)
Witii

CANADA/avec

CANADA

Kluane-Wrangell/St Elias National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

USSR/URSS
Ratification 12 Octobre/octobre 1988

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

URUGUAY
Acceptance/Acceptation 9 March/mars 1989

No sites

inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la

liste

238

World Heritage

Sites

VIET NAM
Acceptance/Acceptation 6 October/octobre 1987 No sites inscribed/Pas de biens inscrits sur la
liste

YEMEN/YEMEN DU NORD
Ratification 25 January/janvier 1984

No natural

sites

inscribed/Pas de biens naturels inscrits sur la

liste

YEMEN, DEMOCRATIC/YEMEN DEMOCRATIQUE
Acceptance/Acceptation 7 October/octobre 1980

No natural

sites inscribed/Pas

de biens naturels

inscrits sur la liste

YUGOSLAVIA/YUGOSLAVIE
Ratification

26 May/mai 1975

PUtvice Lakes National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

Durmitor National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1980) Skocjan Caves (Inscribed/inscrit 1986)
Also see below/Voir aussi ci-dessous

ZAIRE
Ratification

23 September/septembre 1974

Virunga National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1979) Garamba National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1980)

Kahuzi-Biega National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1980) Salonga National Park (Inscribed/inscrit 1984)

ZAMBIA/ZAMBIE
Ratification 4 June/juin 1984

With ZIMBABWE/avec

ZIMBABWE

Victoria Falls/Mosi-oa-Tunya (Inscribed/inscrit 1989)

ZIMBABWE
Ratification 16 August/aot 1982

Mana Pools National Park, With ZAMBIA/avec ZAMBIE

Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (Inscribed/inscrit 1984)

Victoria Falls/Mosi-oa-Tunya (Inscribed/inscrit 1989)

239

Biens du patrimoine mondial

Other mixed natural/cultural sites are inscribed on the list of World Heritage, but on the basis of beauty resulting from the man/nature interaction, rather than natural features alone. These are:
D'autres biens naturels/culturels sont inscrits sur la Liste du Patrimoine Mondial, mais bases sur
la

beaut6 emanante de Taction r6ciproque entre I'homme et la nature plutot que sur des

caracteristiques entierement naturelles.

Ce

sont les suivants:
(Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

Mont-Saint-Michel and
Bay/et sa bale

its

France
Yugoslavia/Yugoslavie
Yugoslavia/Yugoslavie

Kotor
Ohrid

(Inscribed/inscrit 1979)

(Inscribed/inscrit 1979) (Inscribed/inscrit 1987)

Mount Taishan Mount Athos
Meteora
Hierapolis-Pamukkale

China/Chine Greece/Grece Greece/Grece
TXirkey/Tiirquie

(Inscribed/inscrit 1988) (Inscribed/inscrit 1988) (Inscribed/inscrit 1988) (Inscribed/inscrit 1989)

Bandiagara

Mali

240

BIOSPHERE RESERVES/RESERVES DE LA BIOSPHERE
reserves is not covered by a specific convention, but is part of an international scientific programme, the Unesco Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme. The objectives of the network of biosphere reserves, and the characteristics which biosphere

The establishment of biosphere

reserves might display, are identified in various

Unesco-MAB documents,

including the Action

Plan for Biosphere Reserves published in 1984.

Biosphere Reserves differ firom the preceding types of site in that they are not exclusively designated to protect unique areas or important wetlands, but for a range of objectives

which include research, monitoring, training and demonstration, as well as conservation roles. In most cases the human component is vital to the functioning of the biosphere reserve, which does not necessarily hold for either World Heritage or Ramsar sites. A further fundamental difference is the stated aim of developing a biosphere reserve netwc-k
representative of the world's ecosystems.

La

creation de reserves de la biosphere ne releve d'aucune convention mais entre dans le cadre
le

d'un programme scientifique international,
biosphere (Programme

MAB). Les

objectifs

Programme de I'Unesco du reseau de reserves de
les reserves

sur
la

I'homme

et la

biosphere et les

caracteristiques qui doivent etre celle des reserves de la biosphere sont definis dans divers

documents Unesco-MAB, notamment en 1984.
Les reserves de
la

le

Plan d'action pour

de

la biosphere, public

biosphere different des

exclusivement design6es afin

precedemment en ce qu'elles ne sont pas de proteger des regions uniques ou des zones humides importantes
sites decrits

mais pour toutes sortes d'autres raisons, notamment

la recherche, la surveillance continue,

la formation et la demonstration, sans oublier la conservation.

Dans
la

la plupart

des cas, I'element

humain

est vital
le

pour

le

fonctionnement des reserves de

biosphere ce qui n'est pas

necessairement

cas pour les biens du patrimoine mondial ou les sites Ramsar. Autre difference
la

fondamentale: un des objectifs fix^s consiste k mettre sur pied un rdseau de reserves de
biosphere representatif des 6cosystemes de
la planete.

was compiled, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic have combined to form an enlarged Federal Republic of Germany.
Since
this list

Depuis

Rdpublique fdderale d'Allemagne et la Republique democratique allemande ont fusionn6 pour former la Republique f^ddrale d'Allemagne.
la realisation

de

la pr6sente liste, la

241

Reserves de la biospMre

1^1

Biosphere Reserves

LIST OF BIOSPHERE RESERVES LISTE DES RESERVES DE LA BIOSPHERE
Biogeographic

Rherves de

la biosphire

BOLIVIA/BOLIVIE
Parque Nacional Pil6n-Lajas Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla
8.06.01

UUa

Beni

BULGARIA/BULGARIE
Pare national Steneto

Rdserve Alibotouch Reserve Bistrichko Branichtd Reserve Boatine Reserve Djendema Reserve Doupkata Reserve Doupki-Djindjiritza
Reserve Kamtchia

Reserve Koupena
Reserve Mantaritza

Reserve Maritchini ezera Reserve Ouzounboudjak
Reserve Parangalitza

Reserve Srebama

Reserve Tchervenata stena
Reserve Tchouprene
Reserve Tsaritchina

BURKINA FASO
Foret class6e de la mare aux hippopotames

3.04.04

16,300

1986

BYELORUSSIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC
Berezinskiy Zapovednik
2.10.05

76,201

1978

CAMEROON, UNITED REPUBLIC OF
Pare national de

Waza
et

Pare national de la Benoue

Reserve forestiere

de faune du Dja

CANADA
Mont
Long
St Hilaire

Waterton Lakes National Park
Point Biosphere Reserve

Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve

Reserve de

la

biosphere de Charlevoix

Niagara Esearpment Biosphere Reserve

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Basse-Lobaye Forest Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area

8.23.06

Riserves de la biosphire

Sumava Biosphere Reserve
Polana Biosphere Reserve

2.11.05

Reserves de la biosphire

JAPAN/JAPON
Mount Hakusan Mount Odaigahara
Shiga Highland
2.02.02

& Mount Omine

Yakushima Island

KENYA
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve Kiunga Marine National Reserve

KOREA, PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF
Mount Paekdu Biosphere Reserve
2.14.05

132,000

1989

KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Mount Sorak Biosphere Reserve
2.15.05

37,430

1982

MADAGASCAR
Reserve de
la

biosphere du Mananara Nord

3.03.01

140,000

1990

MALI
Parc national de la Boucle du Baoul6
(etc)

3.04.04

771,000

1982

Biosphere Reserves

PAKISTAN
Lai Suhanra National Park
4.15.07

31,355

1977

PANAMA
Parque Nacional Fronterizo Darien
8.02.01

597,000

1983

PAYS-BAS
Voir paragraphe Netherlands

PERU/PEROU

Reserves de la biosphire

ROYAUME-UNI
Voir paragraphe United

Kingdom

RWANDA
Pare national des Volcans
3.20.12

15,065

1983

SENEGAL
Foret class^ de

Samba Dia

3.04.04

Delta du Saloum

Pare national du Niokolo-Koba

SPAIN
Reserva de Grazalema
Reserva de Ordesa-Vinamala

Parque Natural del Montseny

Reserva de Reserva de

la Biosfera
la

de Donana

Biosfera de la

Mancha Humeda

Las Sierras de Cazorla y Segura BR Reserva de la Biosfera de las Marismas del Odiel Reserva de la Biosfera del Canal y los Tiles Reserva de la Biosfera del Urdaibai Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada

SRI

LANKA

Hurulu Forest Reserve Sinharaja Forest Reserve

SUDAN/SOUDAN
Binder National Park

Radom

National Park

SUEDE
Voir paragraphe

Sweden

SWEDEN
Lake Tome Area
2.06.05

96,500

SWITZERLAND/SUISSE
Pare national Suisse
2.32.12

16,870

TANZANIA, UNITED REPUBLIC OF
Lake Manyara National Park
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve
3.05.04 3.05.04

32,500
2,305,100

TCHECOSLOVAKIA
Voir paragraphe Czechoslovakia

Reserves de la biosphire

Silver Flowe-Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve

2.08.05

St Kilda National Nature Reserve

Claish

Moss National Nature Reserve

Taynish National Nature Reserve

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Aleutian Islands National Wildlife Refuge

Big Bend National Park

Cascade Head Experimental Forest Scenic Research Area Central Plains Experimental Range (CPER) Channel Islands Biosphere Reserve

Coram Experimental

Forest

(incl.

Coram NA)

Denali National Park and Biosphere Reserve
Desert Experimental Range

Everglades National Park
Glacier National Park

(incl. Ft.

Jefferson

NM)

Fraser Experimental Forest

Andrews Experimental Forest Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest Jornada Experimental Range
H.J.

Luquillo Experimental Forest (Caribbean NF)

Noatak National Arctic Range

Olympic National Park Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Rocky Mountain National Park San Dimas Experimental Forest San Joaquin Experimental Range
Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks
Stanislaus-Tuolumne Experimental Forest

Three Sisters Wilderness
Virgin Islands National Park

& Biosphere Reserve

Yellowstone National Park

Beaver Creek Experimental Watershed

Konza Prairie Research Natural Area Niwot Ridge Biosphere Reserve The University of Michigan Biological The Yu-ginia Coast Reserve

Station

Hawaii Islands Biosphere Reserve Isle Royale National Park Big Thicket National Preserve Guanica Commonwealth Forest Reserve California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve South Atiantic Coastal Plain BR Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve
Carolinian-South Atiantic Biopshere Reserve
Glacier Bay-Admiralty
Is.

Biosphere Reserve

Central California Coast Biosphere Reserve

252

New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve

Champlain-Adirondak Biosphere Reserve

Mammoth Cave Area

WETLANDS OF INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANCE (RAMSAR
SITESyZONES HUMIDES D'IMPORTANCE INTERNATIONALE
(SITES

RAMSAR)

The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat was signed in Ramsar (Iran) in 1971, and came into force in December 1975. This Convention provides a framework for international cooperation for the conservation of wetiand habitats. It places general obligations on contracting party states relating to the conservation of wetiands
throughout their
territories,

with special obligations pertaining to those wetiands which have

been designated to the List of Wetiands of International Importance.

Each

State Party

is

obliged to

list at

least

one

site.

Wetiands are defined by the convention

as:

areas of marsh, fen, peatiand or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, witii

water that of which

is static

or flowing, fresh, brackish or

salt,

including areas of marine waters, the depth

at

low

tide

does not exceed six metres.

La Convention

relative

awe zones humides

d' importance Internationale particuliirement

comme

habitats des oiseaux d'eau a ete signee k

Ramsar

(Iran),

en 1971

et est entree

en vigueur en

decembre 1975. Elle foumit un cadre k
1

la

cooperation Internationale pour la conservation des

Les Parties contractantes k la Convention ont 'obligation g6n6rale de conserver les zones humides se trouvant sur leur territoire et, plus particulierement, celles qui ont ete inscrites sur la Liste des zones humides d'importance
habitats contenus dans les zones humides.

intemationale.

Chaque Etat Partie a I'obUgation d'inscrire au moins un site. La Convention definit les zones humides comme etant des etendues de marais, de fagnes, de tourbieres ou d'eaux naturelles ou artificielles, permanentes ou temporaires, oil I'eau est stagnante ou courante, douce, saumatre ou
sal6e,

y compris des 6tendues d'eau marine dont

la

profondeur k maree basse n'excede pas six

metres.

was compiled, tiie Federal Republic of Germany and tiie German Democratic Republic have combined to form an enlarged Federal Republic of Germany.
Since
tiiis list

Depuis

R^publique federale d'Allemagne et la R^publique democratique allemande ont fusionn6 pour former la R^pubUque federale d'Allemagne.
la realisation

de

la

presente

liste, la

255

Zones humides

d' importance internationale

';B

Wetlands of International Importance

LIST OF WETLANDS OF INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANCE LISTE DES ZONES HUMIDES D'IMPORTANCE INTERNATIONALE
Designated by the Contracting parties - Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat
Designees par
les Parties

contractantes - Convention relative aux zones humides

d'importance internationale particulierement

comme habitats

des oiseaux d'eau

AFRIQUE DU SUD - Voir paragraphe

South Africa

ALGERIA/ALGERIE
Accession 4 November 1983/Adhesion
1.

le

2.

Lac Oubeira Lac Tonga

4 novembre 1983 36°50'N 36°51'N

8°23'E

2,200 ha 2,700 ha

8°30'E

ALLEMAGNE, REPUBLIQUE FEDERALE D'
Voir paragraphe Germany, Federal Republic of

AUSTRALIA/AUSTRALIE
Signature without reservation as to ratification 8

May

1974/

Signature sans reserve de ratification le 8 mai 1974
1.

Cobourg Peninsula
12 June 1980/Ajoutee le 12 juin 1980

ir22'S

13rOO'E
132°4rE
148-10'E
148°17'E

191,660 ha

Added
2.

12°47'S Kakadu National Park (Stage I) Added 16 November 1982/Ajoutee le 16 novembre 1982 42°05'S Moulting Lagoon 3. 40°10'S Logan Lagoon 4.
5.

667,000 ha
3,930 ha 2,320 ha
1,730 ha

Sea Elephant Conservation Area
Pittwater-Orielton

39°45'S

144°05'E 147°30'E

6.

Lagoon
Is.

42-47'S

2,920 ha

7.
8.

Apsley Marshes
East Coast Cape Barren

4r56'S
Lagoons
40-22'S

148°12'E
148°23'E
147°56'E

940 ha
4,230 ha
1,650 ha

9.

10.
11.

Lower Ringarooma River Jocks Lagoon

4r54'S

4r2rS

148°18'E 147°10'E 147°37'E
146-32'E 145°08'E

4r09'S Lake Crescent (northwestern comer) 40-52'S 12. Little Waterhouse Lake Added 15 December 1982/Ajout6e le 15 d^cembre 1982
13. 14.

70 ha 270 ha 90 ha
51,500 ha 28,500 ha
19,450 ha
1,018 ha

Comer Inlet
Bamiah Forest Gunbower Forest
Hattah-Kulkyne Lakes

38'45'S

35-55'S
35-49'S

15.
16. 17.

144-19'E

34°4rS
35-40'S 38'04'S 38-22'S
38-10'S

14r26'E
143-56'E

Kerang Wetlands

9,172 ha

18. Port Phillip

Bay

(western shoreline

144'36'E 145°17'E 143-31'E 147'36'E

7,000 ha
52,325 ha

& Bellarine Peninsula)
19.

Westem

Port

20. Western District Lakes 21. Gippsland Lakes

30,182ha
43,046 ha

38

WS

257

.

Zones humides

d importance internationale
35°46'S

22.

Lake Albacutya

Hl'SS'E
ISTIO'E 15r46'E
139°00'E

10,700 ha

Added 21 February 1984/Ajoutee le 21 fevrier 1984 34°00'S 23. Towra Point Nature Reserve
24.

281 ha
2,206 ha

Kooragang Nature Reserve

32°51'S

Added November 1985/Ajoutee en novembre 1985 35°40'S 25. The Coorong and Lakes Alexandrina
and Albert Bool and Hacks Lagoons 26. Added August 1986/Ajoutee en aout 1986 27. Macquarie Marshes Nature Reserve Added 15 June 1987/Ajoutee le 15 juin 1987
37°08'S 30°45'S

140,500 ha
3,200 ha

140°41'E
147°33'E 140°00'E 140°51'E 131°53'E

18,200 ha
1,980,000 ha

Coongie Lakes Added 23 September 1987/Ajoutee
28. 29. Riverland

27°20'S
le

23 septembre 1987 34°02'S

30,600 ha

Added 15 September 1989/Ajoutee le 15 septembre 1989 12°21'S 30. Kakadu National Park (Stage II)
Added 25 January 1990/Ajoutee 3 1 Ord River Roodplain
32.
le

692,940 ha

25 Janvier 1990
15°15'S

Lakes Aargyle

33. 34.

35.

& Kununurra Roebuck Bay Eighty-mile Beach Forrestdale & Thomsons Lakes
System

36. Peel-Yalgorup
37. Lake Toolibin

38. 39.

Vasse-Wonnerup System Lake Warden System

AUSTRIA/AUTRICHE
Accession 16 December 1982/Adhesion
1.

le

16decembre 1982

Neusiedlersee

2.
3.

4. 5.

Donau-March-Auen Untere Lobau Lower Inn reservoirs Rheindelta, Bodensee

BELGIUM/BELGIQUE
Signature without reservation as to ratification 4

March 1986/

Signature sans reserve de ratification le 4 mars 1986
1.

Les Vlaamse Banken dans
cotieres

les

eaux
et

2.

Les Schorren de I'Escaut a Doel
k Zandvliet

3.

4.
5.

Le Zwin Le Blankaart
Kalmthoutse Heide

6.

Le Marais d'Harchies

27°06'E

Zones humides

d' importance Internationale

25. Southern

James Bay Sanctuaries

26. Point Pelee
27.

5ri8'N 4r47'N

80°40'W

8r31'W
63°06"W 112-35'W

25,290 ha 1,564 ha
1,925 ha

44'42'N Musquodoboit Harbour Outer Estuary 53'25'N 28. Beaverhill Lake Added 5 November 1987/Ajout6e le 5 novembre 1987 45°13'N 29. Southern Bight-Minas Basin 1988 Added 28 April 1988/Ajoutde le 28 avril 46°32'N 30. MalpequeBay

18,050 ha

64°16'W 63°48'W

26,800 ha 24,440 ha

CHAD/TCHAD
Accession 13 June 1990/Adhesion le 13 juin 1990 Reserve de la Biosphere du Lac Fitri 1.

12°50'N

17°30'E

195,000 ha

CHILE
Accession 27 July 1981/Adh6sion le 27 juUlet 1981 39°41'S Carlos Anwandter Sanctuary 1.

73°11'W

4,877 ha

CZECHOSLOVAKIA/CZECHOSLOVAKIE

Wetlands of International Importance

18.

Sejer0Bugt

Zones humides

d' importance Internationale

6.

Wetlands of International Importance

11.

12.

13.

Water-meadows and peat-bogs of Donau Lech-Donau Winkel a) Feldheim Reservoir on the Lech b) Bertoldsheim Reservoir on the Donau Ismaning Reservoir and fish-ponds

48°28'N
48°41 'N

10°13'E

14. 15.
16.

Ammersee
Stamberger See

48°44'N 48°13'N 48°01'N 47°55'N

47°53'N 17. Lxjwer Inn between Haiming and Neuhaus 48°20'N Added 28 October 1983/Ajoutee le 28 octobre 1983 52°09'N 18. Rieselfelder Munster 52°27'N 19. Weserstaustufe Schlusselburg

Chiemsee

20. Unterer Niederrhein 21. Nationalpark Hamburgisches

5r43'N
Wattenmeer 53°53'N

GHANA
Accession 22 February 1988/Adhesion
1.

le

Owabi

22 fevrier 1988 6°44'N

r41'W

7,260 ha

GREECE/GRECE
Accession 21 August 1975/Adhesion
le

21 aout 1975

Zones humides

d' importance internationale

6.

Kiskunsdg

52°20'N

Zones humides

d' importance Internationale

7.
8.

Palude di Bolgheri

9.

10.
11.

Laguna di Orbetello (Northern Lago di Burano Lago di Nazzano Lago di Fogliano

part)

43°14'N 42°27'N 42°24'N 42°13'N

12.
13.

14.
15. 16.

LagodiMonaci Lago di Caprolace Lago di Sabaudia Lago di Villetta Barrea
StagnoS'EnaArrubia
Stagno di Molentargius

4r24'N 4r23'N 4r21'N 4ri7'N 4r47'N

39°49'N 39°14'N 39°13'N 18. Stagno di Cagliari Added 6 December 1977/Ajoutee le 6 ddcembre 1977 19. LeCesine 40°20'N Added 10 March 1978/Ajoutee le 10 mars 1978 45°45'N 20. ValleCavanata Added 28 March 1979/Ajoutee le 28 mars 1979 39°53'N 21. Stagno di Cabras 39°44'N 22. CorruS'Ittiri Fishery- Stagno di San Giovanni e Marceddi
17.

23. Stagno di Pauli Maiori

Campotto e Bassarone Added 14 May 1979/Ajoutee le 14 mai 1979 25. Marano Lagunare - Foci dello Stella Added 2 August 1979/Ajoutee le 2 aout 1979
24. Valle

39°52'N 44°35'N

45°45'N

26. Salina di Margherita di Savoia

4r24'N

Added 19 September 1980/Ajoutee le 19 septembre 1980 27. LagodiTovel 46°10'N Added 21 July 1981/Ajoute le 21 juiUet 1981
28.

ToireGuaceto
le

40°43'N

Added 4 September 1981/Ajoutee
29. Valle di

4 septembre 1981

Gorino

Wetlands of International Importance
43.

.

Zones humides

d' importance internationale

3.

Lac d'Affennourir
Khnifiss

4.

Bay or Puerto Cansado

33°20'N 28°00'N

5°10'W 12°25'W

380 ha 6,500 ha

NEPAL/NEPAL
Accession 17 December 1987/Adhesion
1.

le

17 decembre 1987

KoshiToppu

26°37'N

87°00'E

17,500 ha

NETHERLANDS
Accession 23 May 1980/Adhesion 1 De Groote Peel
2.
3.

le

23 mai 1980

5r20'N

De Weerribben
Het Naardermeer

De Boschplaat De Griend 6. De Biesbosch (part) Added 2 May 1984/Ajoutee le 13. WaddenSea
4. 5.

2 mai 1984

Added Added

3 April 1987/Ajoutee le 3 avril 1987

14.

Oosterschelde
15 June 1988/Ajoutee
le

15 juin 1988

15.

Zwanenwater
le

Added 2 June 1989/Ajoutee
16.

2 juin 1989

Oostvaardersplassen

17. Engbertsdijksvenen

Netherlands Antilles/ Antilles neerlandaises
Listed on accession 23
7.
8.

May

1980/Cataloguees

si

Het Lac Het Pekelmeer
Klein Bonaire Island and adjacent sea

9.

10.
11.

HetGotomeer
DeSlagbaai Het Spaans Lagoen

12.

NEW ZEALAND
Signature without reservation as to ratification 13 August 1976/
Signature sans reserve de ratification
1.

le

13 aoiit 1976

Waituna Lagoon
Farewell Spit
le

46°34'S 40°33'S

168°36'E 172°56'E
175°12'E

3,556 ha
11,388 ha

2.

Added 4 December 1989/Ajoutee Whangamarino 3.
4.

4 decembre 1989
37°19'S 37°26'S
5,690 ha
9,665 ha

Kopuatai Peat

Dome
le

175°34'E 175°23'E

Added 29 January 1990/Ajoutee Firth of Thames 5.

29 Janvier 1990
37°13'S

7,800 ha

NIGER
Signature without reservation as to ratification 30 April 1987/ Signature sans reserve de ratification
1.

le

30

avril

1987

Pare national du

"W"

12°15'N

2°25'E

220,000 ha

268

Wetlands of International Importance

NORWAY/NORVEGE
Signature without reservation as to ratification 9 July 1974/ Signature sans reserve de ratification
1.

le

9 juillet 1974

Akersvika

Zones humides

d importance internationale
53'33'N 54*20'N
19'38'E

4. 5.

KarasLake

SiedemWysp

2r36'E

816 ha 1.016 ha

PORTUGAL
Ratification
1.

24 November 1980/Ratification

le

Tagus Estuary

2.

Formosa Sound

24 novembre 1980 38'50'N 37'03'N

8°57'W 7'47'W

14,563 ha

16,000 ha

REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE D'ALLEMAGNE
Voir paragraphe

German Democratic Republic

ROYAUME-UNI
Voir paragraphe United

Kingdom

SENEGAL
Accession 11 July 1977/Adh6sion
1.

le

11

juillet

1977

Djoudj
Bassin du Ndiael
3 April 1984/Ajoutee le 3 avril 1984

16°20'N 16°10'N

2.

16°12'W 16°05'W

16,000 ha 10,000 ha

Added
3.

Delta du Saloum
le

Added 29 September 1986/Ajoutee Gueumbeul 4.

13'37'N 29 septembre 1986 15°57'N

16°42'W 16°28'W

73,000 ha

720 ha

SOUTH AFRICA
Signature without reservation as to ratification 12 Signature sans reserve de ratification
1.

March 1975/
34°27'S

le

12 mars 1975

DeHoopVlei
Barberspan
le

2.

Added 2 October 1986/Ajout6e
3.

2 octobre 1986

De Mond

(Heuningnes Estuary)

4.
5. 6.

Blesbokspruit
Turtle Beaches/Coral Reefs of Tongaland
St Lucia

System
33°06'S

Added 25
7.

April 1988/Ajoutee le 25 avril 1988

Langebaan

18°01'E

6,000 ha

SPAIN
Accession 4
1.

May

1982/Adhesion

le

4 mai 1982

Doiiana

2.

Las Tablas de Daimiel
8

36°57'N 39°10'N

6°19'W 3°39'W

49,225 ha
1,812 ha
1,355 ha

Added
3.

August 1983/Ajoutee le 8 aout 1983 Laguna de Fuentapiedra 37°07'N Added 5 December 1989/Ajoutee le 5 decembre 1989 4. Lagunas de Cadiz a) Laguna de Medina 36°37'N b) Laguna Salada del Puerto 36°39'N 5. Lagunas del Sur de Cordoba a) Laguna de Zoiiar 37°30'N

4°46'W

6°02'E

121 ha

6°14'E

37 ha

4°45'W

66 ha

270

Wetlands of International Importance

Zones humides

d' importance Internationale

Wetlands of International Importance

4.

52'55'N

Wetlands of International Importance

YUGOSLAVIA/YUGOSLAVIE
Accession 28 March 1977/Adh6sion
1.

le

28 mars 1977
44"'43'N 46''04'N

2.

ObedskaBara Luda§koLake

20°04'E
19°48'E

17,501 ha

593 ha

275

\

This book

is

part of

THE lUCN CONSERVATION LIBRARY
For a free copy of the complete catalogue please write lUGN Publications Services Unit, 219c Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CBS ODL, UK
to:

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fait partie

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