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Breaker

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01/09/2015

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# A.

CIRCUIT BREAKER Is a device : - to open and close a circuit by non-automatic means - to open the circuit automatically on a predetermined overload of current or during faults without damage to itself when properly applied within its rating. - When the transformer primary reference current is equal or greater than 45 amperes or when there is more than one transformer in a substation, the protection will be by a power circuit breaker........................IEC

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Voltage Rating (Rated Maximum Voltage) 2 . Capacity for High Voltage III.Picture. Capacity for Extra High Voltage B. Capacity for medium Voltage EMBED Word. BREAKER RATINGS 1.8 II.I.

KAIC is limited to Rated Isc x k KAIC = Rated Isc x k Example: Consider an indoor oilless circuit breaker having a rated short-circuit current of 37. 145 kV. * KAIC = k X Rated Short-Circuit Current where: k = is the ratio of rated maximum voltage to the lower limit of the range of operating voltage.KAIC Rating (Rated Short Circuit Current. K=1) * Kilo-Ampere Interrupting Capacity (KAIC) * the maximum amount of symmetrical current that the breaker can safely interrupt at rated maximum voltage -without injuring or damaging itself. * 15 kV. from -30 deg. KAIC = Rated Isc x (Rated Maximum Voltage / Operating Voltage) Condition 2: If OV < (1/k) x RMV then.)13. = Vmax / Vmin Modern Circuit Breakers. 245 kV 2. 72. What is the symmetrical interrupting capability at an operating voltage at a. C to 40 deg.)11.5 kV. and is the upper limit of operation. * Ambient temp.30.000 A at rated maximum voltage of 15kV and K = 1. for which the circuit breaker is designed.2 kV? b. k = 1.5 kV? C. C * Altitude is not above 3300 ft (1000m) 3. BREAKER SIZING E/X Simplified Method 3 . k>1.Continuous Current Rating (Rated Continuous Current) * Rated Continuous Current * the designated limit of current in rms amperes at rated frequency w/c it shall be required to carry continuously without exceeding any of the limitations/conditions in a specified ambient temperature.0 Condition 1: If RMV > OV > (1/k) x RMV then.0 KAIC = k X Rated Short Circuit Current = Rated Short Circuit Current Old Circuit Breakers. above nominal system voltage.* the highest rms(root mean square) voltage.

For SLG – Faults. .. the E/X does not exceed 80% of the KAIC rating of the breaker. where it is greater than the 3-Phase Faults or Xo less than X1 I.If X/R is unknown. SAMPLE PROBLEM A SUBSTATION 4 .E/X simplified procedure result may be compared with 100% of the circuit breaker KAIC rating where X/R < 15 (X1/R1 for 3-phase faults) ((2X1 + Xo)/(2R1 + Ro) for SLG-faults) .

A. Continuous Current Ratings & KAIC Ratings of the circuit breakers. Gb Fault Current at position II ( Secondary side ) 5 .1. 2. Solve for the maximum fault duties at the 3-phase fault points. Gb Fault Current at position I ( Primary side ) B. Specify the Voltage Ratings.

Diagram of current Fault at Primary Unit Substation 6 . Table of Capacity circuit breaker rating D.C.

E. Diagram Fault current at Point 1 7 .

Diagram Fault current at Point II G. Table of capacity Circuit Breaker rating 8 .F.

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