# Lab Assignment # 6 Title

:
Murray Loop Test to Locate Ground Fault.

Introduction:
Murray loop test, Varley loop test and Pulse Echo test are simple basic method to localize cable fault testing. This method used basic equipment that obtained easily. These tests are performed for the location of either an earth fault or short circuit fault in underground cable. In these tests the resistance of fault does not affect the results obtained except when the resistance of fault is very high. There are two loop tests usually used and are known as Murray Loop and Varley Loop Test. These tests imply the principle of Wheatstone bridge.

Murray Loop Test:
The connection diagram to locate earth fault and short circuit fault by Murray loop test method is shown in Figure 7.1. As already said Wheatstone bridge principle is used in this test. P and Q are two ratio arms consisting of step resistors or slide wire, G is a galvanometer, E is a battery and S1 is a battery key. In this method, a sound cable is connected to a faulty cable for find actual happen fault. Figure 7.1 is connection method of Murray Loop Test.

Circuit Diagram:

Figure 7.1: Murray Loop Test Circuit.

Procedures:
• End of the faulty cable (assume F is a location fault) was connected with a sound cable from F to b location test through D connector.

• Lab Task: Find the distance of the cable where the fault is occurred.• At location test. Bridge is balanced by adjusting the resistances of ratio arms P and Q until the galvanometer indicates zero. L=1. that is distance of cable fault from test station. In balanced condition of bridge: Q * (Cable Resistance aF) = P * (Cable Resistance bD + DF Q * (r Lx)) = P* [rL + r(L-Lx)] rQLx = rP (2L . end of cable a connected to b through a galvanometer and S1 switch.2m So. Q=824Ω (variable resistor). so Lx can be calculated.Lx) rQLx + rPLx = r2PL rLx (Q + P) = r2PL Lx = 2PL / (Q + P) If L be known.25m that is distance of cable fault from test station. Data: P=100Ω. Lx is equal 0. Assume the sound and faulty cable have same cross-section and lenght. thereby r Ω/m is same. Conclusion: .