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One Direction in April 2012. From left to right: Niall Horan, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, Zayn Malik, and Louis Tomlinson. Background information Origin London, England Genres Dance-pop, pop rock, power pop, teen pop Years active 2010–present Labels Syco, Columbia Associated acts The X Factor finalists 2010 Website onedirectionmusic.com Members Niall Horan Zayn Malik Liam Payne Harry Styles Louis Tomlinson One Direction are an English-Irish pop boy band based in London, consisting of members Niall Horan, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, and Louis Tomlinson. They signed with Simon Cowell's record label Syco Records after being formed and finishing third in theseventh series of British television singing competition The X Factor in 2010. The group subsequently signed in the United States withColumbia Records. Becoming a prominent figure in mainstream popular music and popular culture, their two albums Up All Night (2011) and Take Me Home (2012), broke several records, topped the charts of most major markets, and generated worldwide chart-topping singles, including "What Makes You Beautiful" and "Live While We're Young".
They were proclaimed 2012's 'Top New Artist' by Billboard. the boy band have sold over 15 million records worldwide. One Direction represented a $50 million business empire by June 2012. the chairman and chief executive of Sony Music Entertainment UK.Propelled to international success by the power of social media. . One Direction are often described as sparking the resurgence in the boy band concept.  while The Huffington Post named 2012 "The Year of One Direction". According to Nick Gatfield. Their achievements include a BRIT Award and 3 MTV Video Music Awards. As of November 2012. and of forming part of a new "British Invasion" in the United States.
5 Loui s Tomlins on 5 Disco graphy .1 Niall Horan 4.4 Harr y Styles 4.2 Zay n Malik 4.3 Lia m Payne 4. formatio n.3 Take Me Home a nd world tour (2012) 2 Music al style 3 Image 4 Memb ers 4. and record deal (2010– 11) 1.Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • [hide] 1 Histor y 1.2 Up All Night an d internati onal breakthr ough (2011– 12) 1.1 The X Factor.
was published by HarperCollins in February 2011." "What Makes You Beautiful" was released in the United States in February 2012. For their qualifying song at "judges' houses". England.000 people throughout the UK. The minute they stood there for the first time together – it was a weird feeling.  In November 2011. I had a bad feeling that maybe we shouldn't have lost them and this is when the idea came about that we should see if they could work as a Liam Payne. They had this confidence. In the live shows within four weeks. One Direction sang an acoustic version of "Torn". as they flew to Los Angeles to work with producer RedOne. After the tour concluded in April 2011. their song "Forever Young". —Simon Cowell. which would have been released if they had wonThe X Factor. One Direction finished in third place and immediately after the final. The same month. Niall Horan. during the "bootcamp" stage of the competition. when they left. The tour saw the group performing for 500. and Rami Yacoub. on the formation of One Direction. Zayn Malik. the "Boys" category at "judges' They were like a gang of friends. but then obviously we had about a five-week wait where they had to work together. I had a good feeling.  they were put together to form a five-piece boy band at Wembley Arena. One Direction had been signed by Cowell to a reported £2 million Syco Records record contract. Recording for their debut album began in January 2011. I singing competition The X remember sitting next to this girl who I was working with. subsequently toppingThe Sunday Times Best Seller list. One Direction's debut single "What Makes You Beautiful" bowed at number one on the UK Singles Chart. after about a millionth of a second. Steve Mac. thus qualifying for the "Groups" category. Louis Tomlinson auditioned as They just looked like a group at that point. and kind of fearless as well. I tried to keep a straight face for a bit of drama for the show. after becoming the most pre-ordered Sony Music Entertainment single in history. The group quickly gained popularity in the UK.History The X Factor. Savan Kotecha. but they came back five weeks later and were absolutely series of British television reality sensational. Subsequent singles "Gotta Be You" and "One Thing" both peaked within the UK Singles Chart top ten. formation. and Los Angeles. after a suggestion by guest judge Nicole Scherzinger. Shortly afterwards it was confirmed. as One Direction worked with producers Carl Falk. among others. Steve Barnett. They worked out the arrangements themselves. Harry Styles. One Direction: Forever Young (Our Official X Factor Story). and maybe they could seize and hold it. I just thought there was a void. and record deal (2010–11) In 2010. London. they wereSimon Cowell's last act in the competition. said it was not a difficult decision to sign One Direction. When they came to my house in Spain and performed. Subsequently. and group. July 2010." houses". where it debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number . Up All Night and international breakthrough (2011–12) Released in September 2011. A One Direction-licensed book. "Other artists in that category had gotten a little older. Styles came up with the name One Direction. Recording took place in Stockholm. was leaked onto the internet. They were fun. "These guys are incredible!" They just had it. the group got together for two weeks to get to know each other and to practise. "Interestingly. the boy band and other contestants from the series participated in the X Factor Live Tour. London. they signed a record deal with Columbia Records in North America. Failing to progress to jumped out of my chair and said. The second they left we Factor. the co-chairman of Columbia Records. I was concerned whether solo candidates for theseventh five weeks was long enough. and their first song as a group. the group continued working on their debut album.
 In December 2011. It peaked at number 4 and has sold over 3 million units in the US. In addition to the DVD topping the charts in . was released in May 2012. One Direction embarked on their first headlining UK concert tour. The BBC reported in September 2012 that the UK group won the legal dispute over the right to keep using their band name. In April 2012.000 digital copies in the US and as of August 2012. the US band changed its name to Uncharted Shores. resulting in 62 shows.28. Up All Night also became the first album by a boy band to sell 500. One Direction performing in Sydney during their Up All Night Tour. suggesting the US group was trying to make money from One Direction's success and that the boy band was the first to use the name in US interstate commerce. recorded two albums and filed an application to register the trademark name in the US in February 2011. the US band had been using the name since 2009. It became the UK's fastest-selling debut album of 2011. was met with positivity both critically and commercially. A recording of a concert from the tour. filed a trademark infringement lawsuit. the Up All Night Tour. an estimated 15. April 2012 One Direction attended the 2012 Brit Awards at which "What Makes You Beautiful" won the BRIT Award for Best British Single. and topped the charts in sixteen countries.  The tour. Up All Night. with dates from April to July 2012. Syco Records subsequently counter-sued.000 fans descended on the plaza.  One Direction's first studio album. as well as compensatory damages in excess of US$1million. as well as their first North American concert tour as an opening act for Big Time Rush. Critically commended for its appeal to the teenage audience. making One Direction the first British group in US chart history to enter at number one with their debut album. becoming the highest debut for a British act since 1998. The lawsuit claimed that Syco and Sony Music "chose to ignore the plaintiff's rights and wilfully infringed them" after they realised in early 2011 that the two bands shared the same name. Up All Night: The Live Tour. had sold over 3 million copies worldwide. was released globally in early 2012. they announced Australasian and North American legs of the concert tour. an American band who went by the same name. In early 2012. The album bowed atop the US Billboard 200 chart. The name change was announced in a joint statement that also noted both groups were happy with the outcome. One Direction embarked on a radio promotion spree. They were inducted into the Guinness World Records as a result. The US band said they were entitled to three times the profits made by the UK band.  They made their first television appearance in the US on The Today Show on 12 March 2012 at the Rockefeller Center.  According to the lawsuit. Upon arrival in the US in February 2012.
Take Me Home sold 540. One Direction became the youngest act in British chart history to achieve this feat. released in September 2012. 3 million albums.7 million. stated how he expects One Direction to represent a $100 million business empire over 2013.000 tickets being sold for eighteen shows to be held in Australia and New Zealand. the group's record sales exceeded 8 million singles. In June 2012. produced by Spurlock. peaked inside the top ten in almost every country it charted and recorded the highest one-week opening sales figure for a song by a non-US artist in the US. Sweden. and 1 million DVDs.  subsequently topping The New York Times Best Seller list. The film is to be directed by Morgan Spurlock. Adam Milano and Cowell. with all 190. Take Me Home. as of August 2012. Sony Pictures Entertainmentannounced in November 2012 that a 3D biopic film centering the group is in production. including Best New Artist. Take Me Home and world tour (2012) One Direction's second studio album. and released by TriStar Pictures on 30 August 2013. One Direction are set to embark on their second concert tour in February 2013. so you can imagine the competition to get cuts on the next One Direction album is immense.000 within a day of release in the UK and Ireland. Ticket sales reached 300.000 copies in its first week in the US." In May 2012. responsible for international artists and repertoire at music publisher. One Direction performed "Little Things" at the 2012 Royal Variety Performance. The lead single "Live While We're Young". in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II and headlined a sold-out show at New York City's Madison Square Gardenon 3 December 2012. its global sales had exceeded 1 million copies. Nick Gatfield. chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Music Entertainment UK. In August 2012. and topped the charts in more than thirty-four other countries. With the album and its second single "Little Things" both debuting simultaneously at number one in the UK. In addition. which included a six date sell out at London's The O2 Arena. One Direction were the biggest winners of the 2012 MTV Video Music Awards winning their three nominations on 6 September 2012. which represented the handover to Rio de Janeiro as the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics. One Direction's first-licensed American book. tickets grossed US$15. was published in the United States on 22 May 2012. One Direction began recording the album in Stockholm. debuted atop the Billboard 200—making them the first British group to have both their debut album and its follow-up go straight to the top of the chart. said: "Breaking a boy band in the US is about as big as it gets in the music industry. and they performed "What Makes You Beautiful" at the 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in London. was released in November 2012. Ben Winston. Dee Demirbag. the 2013 World Tour. BMG Rights Management in Scandinavia. In Australian and New Zealand markets. .  The concert tour consists of over 100 shows in Europe. Additionally. North America and Australasia. The Independent reported in April 2012 that Cowell had challenged music's "most successful" songwriters to compete for space on One Direction's second studio album. "What you might not know about One Direction is that they already represent a $50 million business and that's a figure we expect to double next year". Dare to Dream: Life as One Direction.twenty-five countries.
in a live setting." Mike Wass of Idolator felt One Direction's "surprisingly accomplished effort" of Kings of Leon's "Use Somebody" proved that One Direction are "more than capable" of evolving their sound.  while The New York Times considered it "full of easy rock-inflected pop. Songs "One Thing" and "What Makes You Beautiful" were particularly noted for the genres of power pop and pop rock." Herald Sun's Cameron Adams opined that One Direction have "strong pop voices"." Jane Stevenson of portal site Canoe concurred. to a certain extent. Erica Futterman for Rolling Stone asserted their acoustic performances as both showcasing." The Washington Post writer Chris Richards dissented of the approval. "What 0:00 Makes You Beautiful". Digital Spy's Robert Copsey described the album as a "collection of pg pop rock with killer choruses"." Jason Lipshutz of Billboard acknowledged that the album demonstrates an originality in sound that was "necessary for the revitalization of the boy band movement". There was no need to worry about a backing track or a bum note. and power pop. May 2012 . selling over 5 million copies. Ricky Martin or Bobby Brown emerging from the pack.Musical style "What Makes You Beautiful" MENU A 20-second sample of One Direction's debut single. containing a prominent guitar-based chorus andriff.  Melody Lau of the National Post wrote. it was tough to imagine a future Justin Timberlake. Problems listening to this file? See media help. It is among the best-selling singles of all time. "As the five traded couplets. Image One Direction greet Swedish fans inStockholm. as well as One Direction's admirable live vocals. dance pop. Vocally. blithe and sometimes clever. for their "powerhouse" guitar riffs and "forceful" choruses. One Direction's debut studio album Up All Night (2011) is predominantly a pop music record. "Horan's ability to play guitar.pop rock. "What I didn't really prepare myself for was that they all can actually sing in concert. entertain. containing elements of teen pop. with electropop and rock influences. noted for the genre of power pop. "It's easy to get lost in inherent appeal of their perfectly coiffed dos and almost-too-put-together preppy style but somewhere in the midst of all the love-struck squeals of teenage girls are guys who can actually sing and. No one voice stood out. a pleasant realization at a pop show.
" One Direction's Twitter account had amassed 5 million followers as of July 2012. added. not squeaky clean.  Horan is "the cute one". Horan commented on One Direction as a boy band. to 90s Take That and late-00s JLS. Styles is "the charming one"and Tomlinson is "the funny one". and as forming part of a new "British Invasion" in the United States. but it's not like that here – it's the act. noting that Americans had left a gap in the market." Their management employs a social media team and the members all tweet themselves. writing for the National Post. And what could be better than one cute boy. One Direction fulfil a great many boy band prerequisites (looks.  Payne is "the sensible one". that just means the group presents themselves as typical." Leah Collins. Bill Werde.000 per day. remarked that One Direction had succeeded on the latter front." Sonny Takhar. massive successful phenomenon. the chief executive officer of Syco Records. attributes the breakthrough to the power of social media." Members Niall Horan . Malik is "the quiet and mysterious one"." Will Bloomfield. "which helps create the illusion that they couldn't be any closer to their fans. "For the most part. Each member is known for his feature. a representative of Billboard magazine commented. it's never broken an act globally like this before. there's a lot of upside. "These guys live online. "Dance routines are fundamental to the boy band – or at least. whiter. Social media has become the new radio. if not five?" One Direction have been described as sparking the resurgence in the boy band concept. We're trying to do something different from what people would think is the typical kind of boy band. with the account gaining followers at an average of 20. "There's a lot of possibility here. wholesome. that level of talent with those kinds of looks. "Sometimes you feel the song's the star. We're boys in a band. "It's a real moment. for instance. fame-lust) but their lack of routines points to the subtle digressions afoot here. tune-grasp." he said. and so do their fans. goofy and uncensored teenage boys – posting jokey YouTube videos.Neil McCormick from The Daily Telegraph published an article on the nature of One Direction's success in North America. middle class parent friendly pop: cute boys advocating puppy love. it's really a perfect storm for a massive. "People think that a boy band is air-grabs and [being] dressed in all one colour. the group's manager. writing that it took the prominence of Justin Bieber to demonstrate that there was still a market for "clean cut." Writing for The Observer. soppy lyrics. We're trying to do different kinds of music and we're just trying to be ourselves.than-white. or boozing at awards shows. Kitty Empire opined.
 Prior to participating in The X Factor. and after moving schools at the age of twelve. a state comprehensive school. Malik once wrote on Twitter. He grew up in East Bowling. Bon Jovi and The Script. Malik. performing seasonally around Christmas. Dean Martin and Michael Bublé. in late 2011. a boys' Christian Brothers school. England. he has one older sister. citing favourite artists Frank Sinatra. Waliyha and Safaa. as a "dream collaborator. Horan has also stated that he is a "big swing" fan. and two younger sisters. Horan also cites rock music favourably and is a fan of The Eagles. Their parents divorced when he was five." Malik is addicted to smoking cigarettes. and went to Tong High School. Malik did not fit in at his first two schools due to his mixed heritage. Horan has been playing guitar since his childhood. born 13 September 1993 (age 19). states he started taking pride in his appearance.  he has an older brother named Greg. Tricia Malik (née Brannan). he performed around his homeland. Born to mother Maura Gallagher and father Bobby Horan. he was into R&Band rap.  was a pupil at Lower Fields Primary School. He as well as other members of One Direction further notes artists such as Bruno Mars. Doniya. growing up. Zayn Malik Zayn Malik Zain Javadd "Zayn" Malik." . known as a common declaration of faith among Muslims meaning: "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the prophet of Allah. West Yorkshire. is from Mullingar. he expressed his desire to quit. "La ila ha ill lalla ho muhammed door rasoolalah". On auditioning for The X Factor. He was in the school choir. Ireland. is from Bradford. County Westmeath.  He cites urban music as his main musical influence. He and his brother lived between each of their homes for a few years before eventually deciding to live with their father in Mullingar. he stated: "I was looking for an experience". born 12 January 1993 (age 19). Born to British Pakistani father Yaser and an English mother.Niall Horan Niall James Horan. including as a support act for Lloyd Daniels in Dublin. Horan was a pupil at Coláiste Mhuire.
 born 29 August 1993 (age 19). Harry Styles Harry Styles . To help cope with the pain. He made it to the judges' houses. Payne first auditioned in 2008 to The X Factor's fifth serieswhen he was fourteen. Payne had once performed in front of a 26. Payne had regular tests done in hospital as doctors noticed one of his kidneys was scarred and dysfunctional. Born three weeks early to mother Karen and father Geoff. but Cowell thought he was not ready for the competition and asked him to come back in two years. He was a music technology student at City of Wolverhampton College.Payne cites Justin Timberlake as one of his biggest influences. is from Wolverhampton. Ruth and Nicola. Payne was heavily involved in sports.000 crowd at a Wolverhampton Wanderers' football match. he has two older sisters.Liam Payne Liam Payne Liam James Payne. He also said that he draws inspiration from Take That member Gary Barlow when performing. West Midlands. As a student. England. Until the age of four. he had 32 injections in his arm in the morning and evening as a child. Payne was bullied in secondary school and took up boxing lessons at the age of twelve.
 he has an older sister.  Following the divorce. as his father would play their music. England. Styles. including at a Vue cinema and . his older sister and mother moved further out into the Cheshire countryside.Born to mother Johannah Poulston and father Troy Austin. England. the then sixteen-yearold Styles had a part-time job at the W. which they won. born 1 February 1994 (age 18). Styles was the lead singer for the band White Eskimo with band members lead guitarist Haydn Morris. Coldplay and Kings of Leon among his influences.Harry Edward Styles. a state comprehensive school. Foster the People. He has five younger half-sisters.  Louis Tomlinson Louis Tomlinson Louis William Tomlinson. He had small parts in an ITV1 drama film If I Had You and BBC's Waterloo Road. He revealed that he failed his first year of A levels at the Hayfield School and ended up going back to Hall Cross and started A levels over again. he attended an acting school in Barnsley. Styles says that he often looks to Coldplay front man Chris Martin for inspiration when performing on stage. his mother subsequently getting remarried. a state comprehensive school. is from Doncaster. is from the village of Holmes Chapel. and a former pupil of the Hayfield School. Gemma. He had a number of jobs. born Louis Troy Austin on 24 December 1991 (age 21). Prior to participating in The X Factor. Styles loved singing.  As a child. He is a former pupil at Holmes Chapel Comprehensive School. Mandeville Bakery in Holmes Chapel.  He also cites Presley for his musical beginnings. Cheshire. his parents split when he was young and he took on his stepfather Mark Tomlinson's name. He was seven when their parents divorced. Styles also cites contemporaries. At the age of twelve he moved back to Holmes Chapel. He was a sixth form student at Hall Cross School. on which he would go along and serve as an extra. South Yorkshire. Styles also states that The Beatles had an influence on him growing up. Born to mother Anne Cox and father Des Styles.  They had once entered a Battle of the Bands competition. bass guitarist Nick Clough and drummer Will Sweeny. Styles states that The X Factor gave him "a lot more" confidence as a performer. noting Elvis Presley as one of his influences. After Fat Friends. and two of them had roles as babies on television series Fat Friends.
  Tomlinson revealed that landing the lead role of Danny Zuko in the Hall Cross musical production of Grease motivated him to audition for The X Factor.  As a student at Hall Cross.at Doncaster Rovers football stadium as a waiter in their hospitality suites. He's just so cheeky. In an interview with Now Magazine." . His performances are unbelievable." He also admires recording artist Ed Sheeran. he can get away with anything. Tomlinson starred in several musical productions. he stated: "I've always loved [Robbie]. describing him as "phenomenal.  Tomlinson cites Robbie Williams as his biggest influence and idol.
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