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]p-kv-X-I-w- HXv / e-w- Ggv / 2013 P\phcn -/ 1433 k^

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52

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Xo-{h-hm-Zhpw Ckvemapw

54

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31
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tNmZyv {InkvXphns adp]Sn
Internet Edition: www.snehasamvadam.com
Email: editor@snehasamvadam.com
For Online Booking: www.islamicbookshelf.com

hnip]mX

98

Printed Published and owned by M.Mohammed Akbar. Printed at Screen Offset printers,
Cochin-18. Published at Cochin-18. Editor M.Mohammed Akbar, Niche of Truth,
PB No:1981, Vyttila, Cochin-19, Tel: 0484 2301275, Fax: 0484 2301175

{]knoIcWcwKv

hjw ]qnbmn

kvt\lkwhmZw amknI
kvt\lkwhmZn\v ]v hbv XnIbpIbmWv.
tIcfnse Aapkvenw hmb\v Ckvemw FnpsImSppI, Ckvemw hnai\v h-kvXp-\njvTambn adp]Sn ]dbpI, apkvenw kaqls {]t_m[\{]h\v {]tNmZnnpIbpw
k-ampIbpw sNpI Fo IrXyamb ASnm\ eytfmsSbmWv \nv Hm^v {Sqv ]p h-j-v apv kvt\lkwhmZw amknIbpsS {]knoIcWw Bcw`n-Xv. eyw admsXbpw {]-tem`-\fn hgnsXmsXbpw Ign ]p hjhpw bm{X sNm Amlphns A\p{Klm amkn-Iv Ignnpv Fv XsbmWv Xncnpt\mptm a\nemm IgnbpXv. apkvenw kap-Zmbhpambpw s]mXpkaqlhpambpw _s {]iv\fn apgph Ibdn CSs]SpXn\p]Icw,
"C-kvemanI {]t_m[\n\p thn am{Xambn Hcp B\pImenIw' F hyXncnIvXX Im-p-kq-nm-\mWv kvt\lkwhmZw {inXv. AtX kabw, CkvemanI {]t_m[Iv apn Dbph shp-hnfnIsf kabmkabfn {]Xntcm[nm\pw {]t_m[Iv ]Izambn hgn ImWnm\pw amknI
F-tmgpw apn \np. AXmbncpp bYmYn, kwhmZns "B\pImenIX'. CkvemanI {]t_m-[\hpambn _s hnjbfn HmaXmbn d^ sNstS {]knoIcWw F kzoImcyX
tI-cfob s]mXpt_m[n kvt\lkwhmZw CXn\Iw t\SnsbSpnpv. kvt\lkwhmZw \n--h-lnp- ZuXyw AtX {ibnepw \nehmcnepw \nhlnp asmcp apkvenw {]knoIcWhpw tIc-fn C FXn\m, XnI DchmZnt_m[tmsSbmWv amknI aptmpt]mIpXv.
ssa{Xnbpw aX\nct]Xbpw \ne\np P\m[n]Xy kwhmZ hgn Ckvemans kXyX
s]mXpkaqls t_m[ysSpm\mWv kvt\lkwhmZw Cu ]phjhpw {ianXv. hKobXsbbpw
Xo{hhmZsbpw Ckvemansbpw CkvemanI {]t_m[\ZuXynsbpw i{Xp]v \nn apJw
t\mmsX amknI FXnp. aXkaqlsf ]ckv]cap Adnhntepw ASpntepw \bnpI
F almb ZuXyn\v tIcfcbn ]phjw Npm ]nSnpsh NmcnXmYyw kvt\-lk
- whm-Zns AWnbd in]nIv Cu k`nepv. aXXmcXay ]T\fn X]ccmb a-e-bm-fnIv Ghpw henb B{ibambncpp kvt\lkwhmZw. Ckvemw hnaiIv kvt\lkwhmZw adp]Sn
]-dXv Ghpw P\m[n]Xy]camb coXnbnemWv. Ckvemans ISp hnaiIv t]mepw kvt\-lkwhmZn XmfpI A\phZnsp. hnaiIv AhcpsS hmZ XpdhXcnnm\p CSw
A-\phZn tijw Ahp adp]Sn AXnt\mS\p_npXs {]knoIcnpI F \bamWv ]p-hjambn amknI amanmsX XpSpt]mcpXv.
\nehmcn \njvIjbp Hcp sshm\nI {]knoIcWambn \ne\nm\mWv kvt\-lkw-hmZw ]cn{ianXv. KuchXcamb ]T\v AXn\m Xs amknI IqSpX {]m[m\yw \In.
aplZv \_nbpambn _sv 2011 Pq apX kvt\lkwhmZn {]knoIcns ]T\
aebmfn shfnw I Ghpw \ \_n]T\fmbncpp FXmWv kXyw. ]phbv XnI
Cu k`n, amknIbpsS sshm\nI \nehmcw IqSpX InSbXmm\p A[zm\--sf-pdn-mWv AWnbd in]nI BtemNnpXv. ]pdwtamSnIv ]Icw AImn {inpXn\m
D-X \nehmcnep Hcp hmb\mhrs t\SnsbSpm kvt\lkwhmZn\v Ignnpv. Fncpmepw, C\nbptasd aebmfnIfntev kvt\lkwhmZw FntcmXmbpv F hkvXpXsb
hnkvacnm Ignbn. kvt\lkwhmZns {]NcW {]h\fn IqSXembn hym]rXcmIm\mWv
Cu ZihmjnI thfbn amknIbpsS {]hIcpw KpWImwnIfpw.

2013 P\phcn

hm-b-\-m-cp-sSkw-hm-Zw-

kXy-\n-tj[w bpn-hm-Z-a
Fw. ]n. apc-fo-[-c
kvt\l-kw-hm-Z
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t{]-cn-n--Xv. \mkvXn-Isc BkvXn-I-cmm-t\m, bpn-hm-Zn-Isf(?) A-s\-bm-Xm-m-t\m, Dt-in CsX-gp-Xp-Xv. {]XypX Adn-hp-tI-Sns s\dp-Ib
- n
\n-p-sIm-p Ccw hmNm-tSm-]
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F. hn tPmkns teJ-\-n ]-d Nne Imcy-s
- f-p-dnv ]d-bp-X
- n\v ap]v, F\nv A]-kz]w ]cn-NnX
- a
- mb aqp aX- ssZhhnizm-ks
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thZm [w, Ckvem-anI [w,
ss{I-kvXh [w F aqp aX-
F-s\-bmWv ssZh-n hniz-kn-t-sXv a\p-jy-hKtmSv ]d-n-cnp-Xv ImWm-sX, tIm-sX, Adnbm-sX hniz-kn-p-hm-\. adnv I-dnv hniz-kn-m-\m-W.v AXn-\m Xs
bp-n-`-{Z-hp-am-Wv. I-dn-bmsX ]msS
\n-tj-[n-p-Xv bpn-hm-Za
-
- . AsXmcp-Xcw hmX-am-Wv.
{io tPmkv tNmZn-p tNmZy-an-XmWv. B[p-\nI-tem-Iv Ccw Hcp ssZh-s k]n-m Ign-bptam? BZyambn Adn-bpI: k]n-m-\ Bhiy-s-Sp-X
- ,v Adn-bm-\mWv. cm-aX
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\nanjw t]mepw sXm-Sp \nan-j
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bp-n-bpw? hcm-\n-cn-p B[p-\nItem-Iv Fp-Xs shfn-s-Sp-Ib
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F-v a\-n-em-m-n-Sv kzX{-Nn t]mbnv Nnm-in t]mep-an-m-sb-Xt hmkvX-hw.
ASp-Xmbn {io Aen sNmSv C-s\-n-eqsS Adnhv t\Sp-X
- ns\ Ifnbm-n-bn-cn-p-X
- n-em-W.v Xopw A]cn-jvIr-X-\mb Hcp P\-k-aq-l-nemWv
ap-l-Zv \_n aX-tLmjWw \S-n-bXv. B P\-X-tbmSv Bh-iy-sXv ""\n No\tZip t]mbpw Adn-hv t\Sphn'' F-m-Wv. Cv B hmp-I F-s\
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- mWv A\p-kc
- n-t-Xv? ""Adnhv
\n-fpsS hncp--pv, \n
A-Xv t\Sp-hn'' Fv. Cs\-n\nv
A-dnhv t\Sp-X
- ns\ Ifn-bm-p-Xv kzX{- Nn-bpsS ^e-am-bn-mWv FmWv
Icp-Xp-s
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ap]v Rm ]d-tm aqp aX-fpw ssZhs Adnv hniz-kn-m\m-Wv D]-tZ-in-n-p--Xv Fv. thZm-[-w Adn-hns\ cmbn Xcw-Xn-cn-np-v. Hv `uXn-It- em-Is
- -p-dn-p
Adn-hv. cm-a-tXv Bm-hn-s\bpw
ssZ-h-tbpw Ipdn-p Adn-hv.
BZy-t-Xns\ "hnm-\'sapw cm-a-t-Xns\ "m\'-sapw ]d-bpp. hnm\w t\Sn-b-Xn-\p-tijw thW-w m\ km-Z-\-n\v {ian-m
F-pw \ntZ-in-p-p. I-Xns\ Adn-

2013 P\phcn

bm--hv ImWm--Xns\ Fs\


A-dn-bm ]pw? Jpdm-\n-eqsS Fmw ]dv Ign-X
- n-\p-tijw ]d-bp-Ib
- mWv,
No-\t- Z-i
- p- t]mbn t]mepw Adnhv t\Sm-. B Adnhv Ds-nte Cu Adnhv
{]tbm-P\
- s
- Sq FYw. AmsX ISv hniz-knv t]mhm-Xn-cn-m, Npm
hniz-knv A-hn-izm-kn-I Bhm-Xncn--m. A-hn-izmkw A\m-Nm-c
-
- v tlXp-hm-Ipw. A\m-Nmcw \mis
{]-Zm-\w sNpw. CXn-et bpn?
imkv{Xs D-cnv aXs \ymboI-cn-p--Xns\ hnainv {io. tPmkv
]d-Xv icn-bmb Imcyw Xs-bm-Wv.
F-m aX--fpw Cusbmcp t`mj-cw
sN-p-p-v. hmkvXh
-
- n Xncn-mWv
th--Xv. hfsc apt] ]d-b-s--Xns\
D-c
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- n-p-Ib
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ASp-X
- mbn ]n-bnse A, Ipm-bn-cp tPmkn-t\mSv ]dp X
D-]a Atlw ]dp: tai, Itk-c,
hm-l-\-, hoSp-I Fn-h-sbmw
Hcm Dm-n-bX
- p-t]msebmWv {]]-ns Imcy-n-ep-sav. ssZhw kr-jvSn-p-shv. Ipm-bn-cp tPmkn-t\mSv
]d-bm ]nb Ghpw bpn-]qh-amb
a-dp-]Snbt AXv. ta]-d hkvXp-sfmw Ign 1700 tImSn hj-
sImv ]cn-Wa
- nv Dm-bX
- m-sWv ]dm AXn hkvXp-X-bptm? Ipm-bn-cp tPmkn-t\mSv \yqtm-Wn-b
Xnb-dn-Ifpw Bt]-n-IXm knm-
- fp-w Izmw Xnb-dnbpw kq kv{SnwKv Xnb-dnbpw ]cn-Wmaknm--hp-samw hni-Zo-I-cnv ssZh-s-p-dnv ]d-b-Wam-bn-cptm? C-s\-sbms ]d-bp-Xn-se-hn-sSbm bpn?
{io F.hn tPmkns asmcp A_-[m-cW
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Nn-ep-am{Xw kzX-{-ambn Nnn-bvm-\pw asmcp hgn-bn-eqsS k-cn-m\p-w Ign-bp-p. A]qh-cn A]qhcm-b Acw Nne-cmWv \mkvXn-Icpw,
bp-n-hm-Zn-Ifpw kzX-{-Nn-I
- c
- p-ambn
a-m-dp-Xv.'' {io. tPmkv a\-n-em-t
H-c-p Imcy-ap-v. kzX-{-ambn Nnnpw
as-mcp hgn-bneqsS k-cn-p-amWv e-W
- n-\p-hc
- p imkv{Xkaqlw Imcysf ]pXp-Xmbn Imn--cp--Xv. Cm Hn-t\bpw Ah Imn--cp-n-.
(_mn t]Pv 97)

Xn-cp-sam-gnA_q AZo_v

2012se temImh-km\w
A_q-lp-dbv-dbn \nv \n-th-Z-\w-:- \_n Acpfn: ""cv kwL- ]c-kv]cw
bpw sNp-Xv hsc Ay-\m Dm-hp-I-bn-. ITn-\-amb bp-am-bn-cnpw
Ahn- S bnep- m- h p- I . Ah- c n- c p- h - c p- s Sbpw BZiw Hp- X - s - b m- b ncnpw''(_pJmcn)

As\, 2012 Unkw-_ amkw 21mw


XnXn Cy kabw 4.41 P.M Ign-p-t]m-bn. \mfp-I-fmbn Gsd sImntLm--jn-s
- Nbmbn-cpp {]kvX
- pX ka-bv temIw Ah-km-\n-p-sa-Xv. ae-bmfam[y-a- t]mepw AXn\v
-ehpw kabhpw \on-sh-p. Nne
Nm-\e
- p-I temIm-hk
- m-\
- ns Zriymhn-jvImc- AhXcnn-p-Ibpw Iu-vUu \S-p-Ibpw sNbvXp. {]apJ-tlm-ep-I-fn temImh-km\ ]mnI kwL-Sn-n-p-n-Sv hsc Imcy- Fn-.
saIvkn-tm, Kzmn-ame XpS-nb {]tZ-i--fnse amb BZn-hmkn hwi-PcpsS Ime-KW
- \
- m-co-Xn-bn\n-mWv Cu
A-hn-izmkw {]N-cn-s-Xv. D]-cnk-qN
- nX ka-bv \n_pcp Fsmcp {Kl-w `qan-bp-ambn Iqn-bn-Snv \in-p-sa-ps
- ams {]N-cW
- apmbn-cp-p. \n-_pcp Fsmcp {Klw t]mepw CXp-hs
- c
a\p-jy Is-n-bn-n-sv \mk-bpsS hni-Zo-Ic
- W
- a
- p-m-bn-cp-s-nepw temI-s hen-sbmcp hn`mKw Bfp-Isf `oXn--bn-em-m temImh-km\ {]h-N\-n\v Ign-p-sh-mWv hne-bn-cp--s-Sp-X.v
Nne aXhnizmkfpsS `mK-ambpw
tPym-XnjnIfpsSbpw H-s imkv{X-cpsSbpw \nK-a\ {]Im-chpw appw

C-cw {]h-N\
-
- fpw A\p-_-{]iv\-fpw temIv Dm-bn-p-v. `qtemI-p kIe imkv{X--cpw KWnX-mcpw Hnv {]h-Nn-mepw ssZh-n kzbw ka]n Hcp hnizmkn Hpw
`b-s-Sp-Ib
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Am-lp-hns Aew-L-\o-b-amb Xocpam-\hpw AsX-tm-gm-sW-Xv Ahs
am{Xw Adn-hp-am-Wv. IzpB ]d-bpp:
""Aykabsn Ah \ntmSv
tNm-Znpp; AsXtmgmWv hs-p-sXv. ]dbpI: AXns\nbp Adn-hv Fs cnXmhn am{XamWv.
A-Xns kabv AXv shfn-s-Sp-p-Xv Ah am{XamIpp. BImi-fnepw `qanbnepw AXv `mcnXmbn-cnp-p. s]smsX AXv \np hcp-Ibn'' (7:187)
Aykabv cp {]mhiyw Iml--fw DuX-s-Sp-sapw Hm-as Dutm-Sp-IqSn temIm-h-km-\hpw Pohn-IfpsS \mihpw kw`-hn-p-sapw cma-s DutmsS ]p\Po-hn-Xw hnNmc-W apX-emb A\p-_kw`-h-
D-m--Ip-sapw IzpB\n \npw \_-nh
- N
- \
-
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- n \npw a\-n-em-m
Ign-bp-p-v. Inashp-Xv t]mse
h-fsc s]-mWv temImh-km\apmh-p-I(IzpB 16:77)-sbv ]Tn-n-ptmgpw Aykabns ASbmfa-m-

2013 P\phcn

bn kw`-hn-m-\n-cn-p \nc-h[n Imcy- Ckvem-anI {]am-W- {]h-Nnn-p-v.


Ipg---fp-sSbpw Ie-l-f-- -sSbpw
B-[n-Iyw, hy`n-Nm-c-nbpw kZm-Nm-chn-cp--{]-h-\--fp-sSbpw {]Nm-cw,
ssZh-\n-tj-[
- n-sbpw innsbpw
h-f, kv{XoI-fpsS s]cp-w, kv{XoIf-psS ]pcp-jt- h-jh
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- v, XpSn Zm-ens
B-K-a-\w, Cukm \_n bpsS Xncnp-h-chv, kqcys ]Sn-mdp \np
D-Zbw apX-emb [mcmfw AS-bm-f
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- n-sem-mWv D]-cyp lZo-Yv {]Xn-]m-Zn-p-X
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Ay-\m-fns AS-bm-f
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- f
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- v. aqwK kwLw Uln-bn ho-sb ]oUn-n-Xv; Xan-gv\m-n ]{-p-Im-cnsb ]oUn-n-p-sIm-Xv; HUojbn ]Xn-\m-ep-Im-cnsb Iq-_-emw-K-n-\n-c-bmn h\n Xn-bXv; Cs\ F{X-sb{X hm-I. a\p-jy ]nim-Np--fmbnocp hm
hmbn-p-hcnt]mepw \nw-KX
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- n\v "A\km[y-X'- I-fp e-sav \nco-n-s
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]n-n-ep am[ya[aw Fm-sWv F{X Btem-Nn-npw a\-n-em-Ip-n-. ]mT]pkvX-I-fn-eqsS skIvkv Sqdn-k-n\v hgn-sbm-cp-m {ian--hv Xe-tm \In-b-h--]m-mXy
{Ko- skmssk-n-I Xs-bmtWm \psS am[y-a_pnPohnIfpsSbpw akvXnjvIt{kmX-v
Fv kwi-bn-W
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a\-n-em-p-hm B cwKph k--am-Im-Xn-cp-m hcpwXe-ap-d-bn Ah krjvSnp [manI\yq\XI Ah-cpsm-p kaq-l-s-bmsI sImp-Xn-p-I-bmWv sNp-sXv Fm-hcpw Hmm \v.
Iq am\-`w-K--sf-p-dn hm-I AXn\v \Ip in-sb-p-dn N-Iv XncnsIm-fp-n-bn-p-s Imcyw ipt`mZ-am-Wv. Ip-v \Ip in-I Ah Cm-sXbm-p-hm\pw, As\ kaq-l
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- a
ASn-m-\-Xzw ]e-tmgpw \psS inm-k-{-Zm-b--fn-sempw ]men--s-Sp-n-. P\m[n-]-Xy-ns inm-co-Xn-bmbn sImn-tLm-jn--s-Sp Icm-{K-l-hmkw kaY-cmb Ip-hmfn-Isf hfn-sbSpp-Xm-sW hkvXpX \psS Pbn-ep-I-I-p-\nv ]pd-p-h-h Fv sNp-p-shv ]cn-tim-[n-m t_m[y-s-Spw. _kv bm{X-nsS Iq-am-\-`w-K-n-\n2013 P\phcn

c-bmb s]Ip-n-bpsS Zmcp-Wm-h-v ]cn-lm-c-ap-m-I-W-sav Bh-iy-sv cmjv{S-]Xn`h\n-tev Xn--b-dm {ian--hpw tkmWn-bm-Km-n-bp-sSbpw joem-Zo-n-Xn-sbpw hoSpIv apn {]I-S\w \S-n-b-hp-samw {][m-\-ambpw Bh-iy-s-Sm-\p-Xv Ip-hm-fnIsf amXr-Im-]-c-ambn inn--W-sa-m-Wv. am\-`w-K-n\v h[-in \I-W-sa s]mXp
B-hiyw ]cn-K-Wn-p-sapw Xm hyn-]-c-ambn AXns\ ]np-W-p-p-sh-p-ap tI{
B-`y-c sk{I-dn B.-sI. knwKns {]kvXm-h\ {it-b-am-Wv. Ip-hm-fn-I amXr-Im-]-c-amb-n inn-s
- -Sp-tm am{Xsa kaq-l
- n Fm-hpw kam-[m-\]
- qhw Pohn-m-\mhp
Ah--bpmhqsb hkvXpX ]Xn-\mev \qm-p-Iv apv ]cn-ip Izp-B hy-amn-b-Xm-Wv. Izp-B-\nse inm-hn-[n-I {]mIr-X-am-sWv kaYn-p-hm t]\bpw \mhpw
D]-tbm-Kn-p--hv Ccw {Iqc-X-I Cm-sX-bm-p-hm-\mbn krjvSn-]-c-amb \ntZ-i-sfm-pw \Im-\n-s-X
- mWv hmkvXh
- w. "{]Xn-{Inb sNp-X
- n-emWv \n-fpsS Poh' F
Izp-B hN-\-ns Dz-eX hy-am-p--XmWv Bhn-p-sIm-n-cn-p kv{Xo]oU\w AS--ap Ip-Ir-Xy--sf-p-dn hm-I-sf-p--XmWv hkvXp-X.
""_pnamamtc, (As\) Xpeyin \IpXnemWv \nfpsS PohnXns \n-e\n-]v. \n kqvaX ]menpXn\p thnbs{X (Cu \nba\ntZi)''(Izp-B
2:179)
kv{XoIs-Xn-sc-bp Ip-Ir-Xy- Fp-sImv h[n-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p-shv Nnnp-Ibpw AXn-\p krjvSn-]-chpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-hp-amb ]cn-lm-c-ap-m-p-Ibpw sNm Dc-hm-Zs
- -h
- k-a
- m-hm-Xn-cp-m \p-sS-sbmw PohnXw hfsc ZpjvIc
- a
- m-hp-Ib
- mIpw ^ew.
k-v{Xo ku-cy-{]-Zi-\
- ns hym]Ih-cW
- a
- mWv s]p-s-Xnsc \S-p Ip-IrXy-f
- psS {]Xn-- n-Ib
- n \np {][m-\s
- hn-s\ hkvXpX hnfn-p-]d
- b
- m Amcyw
Adn-bp-h
- p-Xs t]Sn-bm-Wv, am-nwKv F t]cn \S-p kuc{]Zi-\nemWv
tIm-tdv `oaam-cpsS \ne-\n]v F-Xn-\m Amcyw Xpdv ]d-bp-Xv X-fpsS \ne\n]ns\ {]Xn-Iq-e-ambn _m[n-p-sav hnh-chpw hnth-I-hp-ap--ht]mepw `b-s-Sp-p. kv{Xo
k-ucyw ImWp-Xv ]pcpjico-c
- n sStm-dm-Wns D]m-Z\
-
- n\v \nan-a
- m-Ip-sapw
AXv Ahs\ ssewKn-Ia
- mbn Dt-Pn-n-p-hm-\p-X
- m-sWpw D]m-Zn-n-s
- -t- ijw th
co-Xn-bn D]-tbm-Kn-s
- -Sm sStm-t- dm ]pcp-js\ Ip-Ir-Xy-v t{]cn-n-p-sa-p-ap hkvXp-X-I A-{kmho hyh--sb-p-dn ]T-\- nco-I-cn-n-p--XmWv F
hkvXpX Adn-bm-hp--hXs aqSn-sh-p-I-bmWv sNp--Xv. kucy{]Zi\w ]pcp-js\
Ip-IrXy-v t{]cn-n-p--XmWv Fp-h-m DZmc apX-em-fn--sbpw am-nw-Kns\bpsam-amWv hfp-sImncn-p Ip-Ir-Xy-v hnNm-cW sNt-n-hc
- n-Is
- bdnbmhp--h Ccw ]T-\-sf aqSn-sh-p-Ibpw N-Isf bYmY {]iv\-n\nv hgn-Xn-cn-phn-Sp-Ibpw sNp-p. Ckv-em-an-I-amb hkv{X-[m-c-W-s-p-dnv ]cm-ain tij-ap "Ah
Xn-cn-d
- n-bs
- -Sm-Xn-cn-p-hm\pw B{I-an-s
- -Sm-Xn-cn-p-hm\pw AXmWv A\p-tbmPyw' (Izp-B
33:59) F {]kvXm-h\ {it-b-am-Wv. am\y-ambn Pohn-p-hm B{K-ln-p--h Xncn--dn-bs-SWsapw AXn\v Ah-fpsS hkv{X-[m-cWw am\y-am-bn-cn--W-sapw hy-am--s-Sp-tXm-sSmw Ah B{I-an--s-Sm-Xn-cn-p-hmIqSn Ckv-em-anI hkv{X-[m-cWw \nan--am-Ipsapw hy-am-p-X
- mWv Cu {]kvXm-h\
- . kv{XoIs-Xn-sc-bp Ip-Ir-Xy-v kucy-{]-Zi-\-ns hym]-I-h-cWwIqSn Imc-W-am-Ip-p-sh hkvXpX Cu cwKs Ckvem-anI \ntZ-i--fpsS am\-hn-IX hy-am-p--Xm-Wv. lnPm_v ASn-a--am-sW apX-em-fnns {]N-cWw Gs-Sp-n-cn-p am[y-a-smpw Xs Ip-Ir-Xy--fpsS {]Xn-]n-I-bn-tev am-nwKv X{-sf sImp-h-cp--Xn\v Xm]-cy-ap-m-hp-I-bn-s-p-d-m-Wv.
am-\y-ambn hkv{Xw [cn-W
- s
- av NIn-Sbn Dbp-tIp sNdnb i_vZ
- ns
DS-a
am-cm-Is FmWv am\y-amb hkv{X-[m-cWw Fv hy-am-m Ign-bm KXn-tISn-em-Wp-Xm-\pw. lnPm-_n-s\-p-dn Ckv-em-anI\ntZ-i--fpsS {]kn Chn-sS-bm-Wv. am\yam-bn hkv{Xw [cn-W
- s
- a-p-am{Xw ]d-p-t]m-Im-sX, apIpw apJ-hp-sam-gn-p `mK-s
- fmw ico-c`- m-K
- apg-p-Im-Wm cq]-n aqSp-Ib
- mWv th-sXv ]Tn-n-p-Ih
- gn IrXyhpw
hyhpw am\-hn-I-hp-amb \ntZ-i- \Ip-I-bmWv Ckvemw sNp--Xv. kv{XoIs-Xnsc-bp Ip-Ir-Xy- hym]-I-am-Ip-tm Ahsb {]Xn-tcm-[n-t-Xv F-s\-sb Ckvem-anI\ntZ-i- Dds ]d-bp-Ibpw Ah-bpsS am\-hn-IX hy-amn kaq-ls Ckv-emans kXy-Xs
- b-p-dnv t_m[y-s-Sp-p-Ibpw sNt _m[y-Xb
- p-h
- c
- mWv Ckve
- m-anI{]t_m[-Iam. Ah AXn\v k--am-tI--Xp-v. Amlp A\p-{K-ln-s. (Bao)
2013 P\phcn

bpw
{]Xntcm[n\pw {]Xym{IaWn\pw
Fw.Fw AIv_
""C-_v-\p D-a, \-_n-bn-\n-v: A-hn-Sp-v A-cpfn: A-dnbp-I: \n--sfm-hcpw `-c-W-I-m--fmWv. X--fp-sS `-cWo-bs
- c-p-dn-v \-n tNm-Zn-s
- -Spw. ]p-cpj (`-mhv)
ho-p-Im-cp-sS `-c-W-I-m-hmWv. A-h-sc-n A-t-lw tNmZn--s-Spw. `m-cy X-s `-r-`-h-\-n-sbpw A-bm-fp-sS
k-m-\
- f
- p-sSbpw kw-c
- I
- b
- mWv. A-hs
- c-n A-hfpw tNmZn--s-Spw. ASn-a b-P-am\-s [-\-n-s kw-c--I\pw AsX-n tNm-Zn--s-Sp--h-\p-amWv. A-dnbp-I: \n- Fmh-cpw `-c-W-I-m-fpw `-c-Wo-b-sc-p-dn-v tNmZyw sN-s-Sp-h
- c
- p-amWv.''(1)
""Xzm-cn-Jp-_v-\p in-lm-_n-\nv: s]-cp-m Znh-kw \-akvI
- m-c
- n-\p-ap-v Jp-Xzv_
- B-Zy-am-bn Xp-S
- nb-Xv a-hm-\mWv.
A-tm H-cm A-t-l
- n-\p-t\-sc F-gp-t-p-\np-sIm-v
]-dp: "\-a-kv-Im-cw Jp-Xzv_-v ap-m-Ip-p'. A-tlw (ahm-) ]d-p: "B k-{-Zm-bw D-t]-n--s-n-cn-pp.
A-tm A-_q k-Cu-Zv ]dp: C-bm (a-hm-s\ hn-a-in B) X-s I-S-a \n-h-lnp. d-kq ]-d-bp--Xv Rm
tI-n-pv. "\n--fn B-sc-nepw H-cp Xn- I-m A-Xh X-s ssI sIm-v am-s. A-Xn-\v km-[n-m- ]-w
\m-hp-sImv. A-Xn\pw km-[n-m- ]-w lrZ-bw sImv; A-Xm-Wv G-w Zp-_-eam-b k-Xy-hn-izmkw.''(2)
2013 P\phcn

`-c-Wm-[n-Imcw Hcp D-c-hm-Zn--amsWpw AXns \nh-lWw Fs\-bm-bn-cp-p-sh hnj-b-n `cWm-[n-Im-cn-I Am-lp-hns apn
hnNm-cW t\cn-Sp-sapw ]Tn-n--s-Sptm `cW\nh-l-W-cw-Ks hyXykvX
- f
- mb kml-Nc
- y-f
- n Fs\
s]cp-am-dW
- s
- a-p-IqSn hy-am-t
Npa-Xe As\ ]Tn-n-p--hpv. bp-w A\n-hm-cy-am-Ip kml-Ncy-f
- n AXv \S-t-s
- X-s
- \sbv Ah-km\\mfp -h-sc-bp--h-scsbmw ]-Tn-npIsb ZuXyw
\nh-ln-t--bm-fmWv Ana {]-hmN-I-\mb apl-Zv \_n. Xnsb
ssIsImv XSp-m-\m-Ip-sa-n As\-Xs sN-Ws
- av \njvIjn
{]hm-N-I\v, Hcp `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-sb
\ne-bn F-s\-bmWv Xn-Isf
ssIsImv {]Xn-tcm-[n-t-Xv FpIqSn {]mtbm-Kn-I-ambn ]Tn-n-t--Xpv. Ckv-em-anI \nb-a- \-S-n-em-nsmv Xs `c-W-{]-tZ-iv \Sp Xn-Isf Fs\ ssIsImv
XSp-m-sav ImWnp-X
- t- Xm-sS-m
- wXs Xs ]uc-mpw \mSn-\p-saXn-sc-bp AXn-{I-a--tfmSv Fv \ne]m-SmWv kzoI-cn-t-Xv Fp-IqSn
ssk\nI\o-f
- n-eq-sSbpw t\pt\-sc-bp t]mcm-
- f
- n-eq-sSbpw
Atlw A\p-bm-bn-Isf sXcy-s-Spn. A-s\, Pohn-X-ns Fm
cwK-s
- fbpw am\-hh
- -cn-t-X
- v
F-s\-sbv apl-Zv \_n a\pjysc ]Tn-n-p. "Xo-bmbpw Xm

`-c-Wm-[n-Imcw Hcp Dc-hm-Zn--am-sWpw


AXns \nh-lWw
F-s\-bm-bn-cp-psh hnj-b-n `cWm-[n-Im-cn-I Am-lphns apn hnNm-cW
t\cn-Sp-sapw ]Tn-n-s-Sp-tm `cW\nhl-W-cw-Ks hyXy-kvX-fmb kml-N-cy--fn Fs\ s]cp-am-d-Wsa-p-IqSn hy-am-t Npa-Xe A--s\
]Tn-n-p--hp-v.

2013 P\phcn

al-mb kz`m-h-n-em-Ipp' (Izp-B- 68:4)


Fpw "Xo-bmbpw \nv Am-lp-hns
ZqX-\n al-mb amXr-I-bpv' (33:21) Fpap Am-lp-hns hN-\-sf A\zY-am-nsmv Xm\psm-p BZi-sbpw
{]kvXpX BZi-ns ASn--d-bn m]n-s cmjv{Skwhn-[m-\s
- bpw XIp-hm-\p-tinv bp-n\v hcp--h-tcmSpw AXn\v tImp-Iqp--h-tcmSpw Fs\ {]Xn-I-cn--W-sa hnj-bn-ep al-mb amXr-I-bmWv Xm \bn
bp-fneqsSbpw ssk-\n-I \S-]SnIfn-eq-sSbpw
{]hm-N-I am\-h-cm-inv ap-nsh--Xv.
ssZhnI amKZi\{]Imcw Pohnv imnbpw
ac-Wm-\-cimn-bpsS `h-\hpw t\Sn-sb-Sp-phm {ian-p-Ibpw AXv kl-Po-hn-Iv ]dp-sIm-Sp-p-hm-\mbn Xym-K]cn-{i-a
- f
- n
Gs-Sp-Ibpw sNp--hsc \ne-\n--m A\ph-Zn-p-I-bn-sv \n-bn-p-dv AXn-{I-a--fn-
Gs-Sp-h
- sc ssIsImv XS-tb-s
- X-s
- \sbv ]-T-n-n-p-I-hgn Hcp `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bpsS
ZuXy-\nh-l-Ww F-s\-sbv a\-n-em-nsm-Sp-p-Ib
- m-bn-cpp Atlw. im-amb
`uXnIPohnXw \bnv imn-bpsS imizX `h-\n-se-n-t-cp-hm BmY-ambn ]cn-{i-an-p-hc
- psS apn hnLv\
- f
- p-m-bn-q-Sm-sbv
\njvIjn-p-Ibpw Dm-Ip hnLv\
-
Fs\ \ow sNm-sav ImWn-p-sIm-Sp-pIbpw sNp-I-hgn "temIv apgp-h Imcp-Wy-ambn-sm-
- msX Xmsf \mw \ntbm-Kn-n-n' (21:107-)s
- b Am-lp-hns {]Jym-]\w kmY-I-amsWv hy-am-p-I-Iq-Sn-bmWv apl-Zv \_n
sNbvXX
- .v
\nbaw \S-m-p-Ib
- mWv `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bpsS
[aw. ]uc-mv ASn-m-\-]-c-amb Av
Ah-Im-i
- f
- p-spw Ah kwc-n-p-hm-\m-hiy-amb \nb-a
- f
- mWv Ckvemw aptm-p-sh-p-sXpw Izp-B-\nepw lZo-Yp-I-fn-ep-ap amK\ntZi--fpsS shfn--n Ah-bn\nv \nba- \n[-cnv hni-Zo-I-cn Ia-imkv{X ]nX-m hy-am-n-bn-p-v. aXw, Poh, a\-v,
A`n-am-\w, kzv Fo A-v ASn-m\ Imcy-fpsS kwc--W-amWv \nb-a--n-s- [aw (a-Jmkn-Z-iv-i-coA:). a\p-jy\pw Ahs {kjv-Sm-hpw
Xn-ep _-am-bn-cn-Ww Ahs PohnX
\ne-]m-Sp-Isf sam-n \nW-bn-t-Xv
F-Xp-sIm-p-X-s ssZhnI aXw A\p-[m-h\w
sNp-hm-\p Ahs Ah-Im-ihpw kzmX-{yhp-amWv \nb-aw-aqew kwc-n--s-tS Hmas Imcy-sav Ckvemw \njvIjn-p-p.
sIm-e, ]oU-\w, `oXn, ]nWn Fn-h-bpsS `ojWn-bn-msX Po-hn-p-hm Hmtcm ]uc\pw Ign-b-

10

W-sa-X
- mWv cm-as I-mcyw.
elcn D]-tbm-Kn-p-Xpaq-e-ap-mIp am\-knI nc-X-bn-m-bva, Ifhv, ]c-Zq-j-Ww, sXmb Btcm-]-W-- XpS-n-bh aqe-ap-m-Ip am\knIkwLjw XpS-n-bh
- Cm-sXbm-p-Ib
- mWv \nb-a
- ns aqmas [aw. A-`n-am-\hpw AkvXnXzhpw kwc-n--s-Sp Hcp km-aq l-y kwhn-[m-\-ns \ne-\n]mWv
\nb-a-ns \mem-a-s [aw.
sIm, Nqj-Ww, XI, h\
Fn-h-bn--\nv ap-amb Hcp kmnI{Ia-ns \ne-\n]mWv
Am-a-t-Xv. Cu Av Imcy-fpw
\nh-ln-p-hm ]-cym-]vX-am-b, IzpB\pw {]hm-N-I-N-cybpw hc-p-Im-Wnp \nb-a- \S-m-p-I-bmWv `cWm-[n-Im-cn-bpsS D-ch
- m-Zn-w. {]amW--fn t\p-t\sc ]cm-ain-s-n-p \nb-a- a\-n-em-phm\pw Cm-h Ah-bpsS shfn-n \n[-cn-s-Sp-p-hm-\p-ap A-dnhv Abmn-s-n, Cm-cy-n\v ]n--X
- m-cpsS klm-bt- m-sS-bmWv Abm- `cWw \nh-ln-t--Xv.
]uc-m-cpsS aXw, Poh, a\-v,
A`n-am-\w, kzv F-n-h-bpsS kwc-W
- n-\m-hi
- y-amb \nb-a
-
kzw \mnse ]ucam-cpsS ta
am{Xsa \S-m-p-hm `c-Wm-[n-Imcnv Ign-bp-I-bp-q. Chsb tNmZyw
sNp-Xv asmcp \m-p-Im-cm-sW-n
{]kvXpX \mnse A[n-Imc m]-\-fn-eqsS am{Xsa {]iv\w ]cn-l-cn-phm Ign-bp-I-bp-q. Ckv-em-anI kaql-nse ]ucam-cpsS aXhpw
Poh\pw a-\--am-[m-\hpw A`n-am-\hpw
kzp-samw A]-I-S-s-Sp--p-hm
A\y-\m-n Ahn-Sps A[n-Im-cm-]\
-
- f
- psS k-Xt- m-sStbm
t\Xr-Xz-ntem {iaw \S-p-p-sv
a-\-n-em-bm AXns\ {]Xn-tcm-[n-psImv ]ucam-cpsS A-Sn-m-\m-hI
- mi- kwc-n-t-Xv `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbpsS D-c-hm-Zn--am-Wv. kam-[-\]qW-amb amK- ]cm-Pb
- s
- -Sptm Cm-cy-n-\p-thn A\n-hm-cysa-n Bbp-[s
- a-Sp-W
- s
- a-p-Xs
- bmWv Ckvemw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-It- fmSv
A\p-im-kn-p-X
- v. bpw Pnlm-Zm-bn-

Ckv-em-anI \nb-a-
\S-n-em-n-smv Xs `c-W-{]-tZ-iv
\S-p Xn-Isf
Fs\ ssIsImv
XSp-m-sav ImWnpX--tXm-sSm-w- Xs
Xs ]uc-mpw
\mSn-\p-sa-Xn-sc-bp
AXn-{I-a--tfmSv Fv
\ne-]m-SmWv kzoI-cn-tXv Fp-IqSn ssk\n-I\o--fn-eq-sSbpw
t\p-t\-sc-bp
t]mcm---fn-eq-sS-bpw
\_nA\p-bm-bn-Isf
sXcy-s-Sp-n.

2013 P\phcn

11

o-cp-Xv Ccw km-l-N-cy--fn-em-Wv. apkv-enwI-fpsS aX-n\pw Poh\pw a\--am-[m-\-n\pw


A`n-am-\-n\pw kzn\pw shp-hnfn D-b-nsmv i{Xp- ka-ck
-
- c
- m-Ip-tm
AXns\ {]Xn-tcm-[nv ]ucam-cpsS ASn-m\
Ah-Im-i
- kwc-n-p-X
- n-\mbn Ah-cpsS
`c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bmWv bpw sNt--Xv. \nb-a\nh-l-W-n-eqsS `cn-p \mSn-\-Iv ASnm-\m-hI
- m-i
- f
- psS kwc-W
-
- n-\m-hi
- y-amb
kwhn-[m-\a
- p-m-t D-ch
- m-Znw BcpsS
taemtWm _m[y-Xb
- m-bn-p-Xv Ah-cp-sS-taXs-bmWv Ab\m-n\nv Cu Ah-Im-i
-
tNmZyw sN-s-Sp-tm AXv \op-hm- -\m-h-iyamb Imcy- \nh-ln-t D-c-hm-Zn--hpap--Xv. AXn\v kam-[m-\-k-n-bmWv Bh-iy-san AXpw kmbp-[-k-acw A\n-hm-cy-am-sW-n
AXpw sNt-Xv `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-Wv. bp-amWv
th-sXv Abm Xocp-am-\n-p-Ibpw kmbp[
Pnlm-Zn\v k--am-Ip-hm ]ucam-tcmSv Bhiy-s-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXm AXn\v k--am-hp-IbmWv AXn\v km[n-p--h-cpsS _m[y-X. `cWm-[n-Imcn \bn-p-tXm Blzm\w \S-pItbm sNp bp-n AWn-tN-cpI am{XamWv ]ucam sNp-Xv FYw.
apl-Zv \_n t\XrXzw \Inb BZys
t]mcm--am-Wv _Zvdv bpw. XnIpw BI-kvan-Iambn Dmb Hcp bp--am-bn-cpp AXv. aZo-\bnse Ckv-em-anI kaq-l-ns `m-K-am-Im kXn-msX a-bn {Iqc-ambn ]nSn-p-sh--s
hnizm-kn-I-fpsS tamN-\w, {]hm-N-I-s\bpw A\pbm-bn-Is
- fbpw \in-n-p-Ibpw aZo-\b
- n hfpsIm-n-cn-p apkvenw kaq-ls XIpIbpw sNp-sa a-m-apiv-cn-p-IfpsS `ojWnv Adp-Xn-h-cp-p-I, aZo-\v Np-p-ap
Ad_v tKm{X--fpsS A{I-a--fn\nv \mSns\

c-n-p-Ibpw Ah-cp-ambn kam-[m-\-kn-bp-m-p-Ibpw sN-p-I. BZi-a\p-k-cnv Pohn-p-hm-\p kzmX-{yn-\p-thn \mSp-hn--tm apkv-enwI a-bn Dt]-n-p-t]m-
kv AXns Ah-Im-in-Iv
Xncnv \Ip--Xn-\p-thn ]cn-{i-anpI XpS-nb ey-p-thn
apl-Zv \_n-bpsS t\cn-p t\XrXz-nepw Am-sX-bp-w \S
ssk\nI \o-f
- n-sem-mWv _Zvdv
bp-ambn ]-cn-W-an--Xv. a-bn apivcn-p-I \bn-p hym]mc kwLsf XS-bp-Ibpw \tS ]d ey t\Sp-Ibpw sNp-I-sb Dt-itmsS lnPvd
- p-tijw Ggmw amkw
\S-nb ssk^n _lvdv apX-ep
ssk\nI \o-s
- f-t]m-se-bp Hcp
\ow am{X-am-bn-cpp \_nbpw
kzlm-_n-amcpw _Zvdn-tev \S-n-bXv. AXp-sIm-p-Xs aZo-\-bn-ep-mbn-cp kzlm-_n-am-cn ]ecpw _Zvdntev t]mhp-Itbm bp-n ]s-Spp-Itbm sNbvXn-cp-n-.(3) apq-n-n]cw t] apl-Zv \_n-tbmsSmw _Zvdn ]s-Sp-p-shv
_pJm-cn-bpw(4) Ah-cpsS Fw apqn]-sm-]-Xm-bn-cp-p-shv apkv-enapw(5) \nth-Z\w sNbvXn-p-v. bpn\v Hcp-n-t]m-b-h-c-m--Xn\mXs Ah-cpsS ] B-h-iyn-\p Bbp-[--sfmpw Dm-bn-cpn-. Ah-v t]mcm-Sm-\p-m-bn-cp-Xm-Is km-bp[ k--cmbn bpn\v Hcp-n-h-(6) bp-k-cpw
\n]p-Wc
- p-amb Jp-ss-di
- n-It- fm-Sm-bn-cpp. cv IpXn-c-Ifpw Fgp-]Xv H-Ifpw ap-q-dn-e-[nIw t]cp-a-S-p
apl-Zv \_n-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-nep apkvenw ssk\yhpw \qdn-e[nIw IpXn-c-Ifpw \n-c-h[n H-I-fpw
Bbn-c-n-ap-q-tdmfw hcp kmbp-[k-c
- p-aS-
- p A_q-Pl
- ve
- ns
t\Xr-Xz-n-ep Jp-ssd-i-o
ssk\yhpw Xn-emWv _Zvdn Gp-apn-b-Xv.(7) ]s, C-kv-em-anI Ncn-{Xnse {]Ya bp-n apkv-enw-I
hnP-bn-p. _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-I-cnse
t\Xm-f
- mb A_q-Pl
- vepw D-a
-
- p_n\p Je-^p-a-S--ap Fgp-]Xv t]
ac-W-s-Sp-Ibpw Fgp-]Xv t]sc apkv-

apkv-enw-I-fpsS aXn\pw Poh\pw a\-am-[m-\-n\pw A`n-am-\n\pw kzn\pw


shp-hnfn Dbnsmv i{Xp- kac-k--cm-Ip-tm
AXns\ {]Xn-tcm-[nv
]ucam-cpsS ASnm\ Ah-Im-i-
kwc-n-p--Xn-\mbn
Ah-cpsS `c-Wm-[n-Imcn-bmWv bpw sNt-Xv.

2013 P\phcn

12

enw-I _n-I-fmbn ]nSn-p-Ibpw sNbvX-tm(8)


]Xn-\mev apkv-enw-I-fmWv _Zvdv bp-n c-km-n-I-fm-b-Xv.(9) sNdn-sbmcp kwLw Am-lphns k-lm-b-m hen-sbmcp kwLs Pbn-S-n. _Zvdn-ep-m-b Am-lp-hns klm-bs-p-dnv hy-am-p Izp--B kq-
ImWp-I: ""\n Zp_ecmbncns _-Zvdn
shv Amlp \nsf klmbnnpv.
AXn\m \n- Amlpsh kqnpI.
\n \nbp-h
- cm-tb-mw. (\_ntb)
\nfpsS cnXmhv aqhmbncw aepIsf
CdnsImv \nsf klmbnpI FXv
\nv aXnbmhpIbnt Fv \o
kXyhnizmknItfmSv ]dncp k`w
(HmpI)'' (3:123,124)
""\n \nfpsS cnXmhnt\mSv klmbw
tXSnbncp k`w (HmpI)
XpSscpSscbmbn Bbncw aepIsf AbpsImv Rm \nv klmbw
\IpXmWv F-v Ah Atm \np
adp]Sn \In. Hcp k-tmjhmbmbnsmpw \nfpsS
lrZbp k-am-[m\w \IpXn\v
thnbpw am{XamWv Amlp AXv Gs]SpnbXv. Amlphn \nmsX
bmsXmcp k-lm-bhpw C. Xobmbpw Amlp
{]Xm]nbpw bp-Iv-Xn-am-\p-amIpp. Amlp Xs
] \np a\xim-n-bp-ambn \nsf
\n{Zmabw sImv BhcWw sNbvXncp
k`w (HmpI) \nsf ipo-Icn-p-Xn\pw, \nfn \n-v ]nimNns Zp-t_m-[\w
\onIfbpXn\pw, \n--fp-sS a-\pIv
sIpdv \IpXn\pw, ]m-Z- Dd-n-p
\npXn\pw thn Ah \nfpsS ta
BIm-i-p \nv shw sNmcnpXncp
k`hpw (Hmp-I-)- \ns cnXmhv

aepIv t_m[\w \Inbncp


k-`w (HmpI) Rm \nfpsS
IqsSbpv. AXn\m kXyhnizmknIsf \n Ddnp
\npI. kXy\n-tj-[n-IfpsS
a\pIfn Rm `bw
CpsImSppXmWv. A-Xn\m
IgppIv aosX \n
shnsmpI. A-hcpsS
hncepIsfmw \n
shnfbpIbpw sNpI.'' (8:912)
_Zvdn Amlp ae-p-Isf
\ntbm-Kn-p-sImv apkv-en-w-Isf klmbn--Xmbn apl-Zv \_n hy-amn-bn-p--v. Nne lZo-Yp-I t\mpI:
""C-_v-\p A-m-kn-\nv: _-Zv Zn\-n \-_n ]-dp. C-Xm Pn_vco, X-s Ip-Xn-c-bp-sS X-e ]n-Sn-p\n-pp. Pn-_v-coen-t\m-sSm-w bptm-]I
- c
- W
-
- f
- p-ap-v.''(10)
""A-hn-Sp-v Jn-_ve-sb A-`n-ap-Jo-Icn-v Ccp-ssI-I-fp-ap-b--n Amlpthm-Sv Dd-s {]mYnp-sIm-t-bncpp. A-s\ \-_n-bp-sS Np-a-en-\nv X-w Xm-sg ho-Wp.

bpw Dd-mb k`n, Xs ]nn


AWn-\n-chcnse
hyXykvX hn`m-K-tfmSv {]tXyIw IqSn-bmtem-N-\-I \Sn
Imcy- Xocp-am-\n-psImv t\Xr-]m-S-hns ASn--d-I-fnsem-mb IqSn-bm-temN-\-bpsS Ckv-em-anI
coXn-imkv{Xw FmsW-p-IqSn apl-Zv
\_n temIs ]Tnn-p.

A-tm A-_q-_-Iv I-S-p-hp.


A-t-lw X--sa-Sp-v \-_n-bp-sS Np-aen Cp-sIm-Spp. F-n-v \-_n-bp-sS
]n-n- X-s \np. A-t-lw ]-dp. "Am-lp-hn-s {]-hm-NI-sc Av Amlp-thm-Sv B-h-iy-s-Xv aXn.
\n-bw! Xm-t- fm-Sv hm-KvZ- m-\w sN-bvXX
- v
A-h ]q-o-I-cn-p-X-cn-IX-s sNpw.' A-tm Amlp Cu kq-w
A-h-X-cn-np. \n-- \n--fp-sS c-n-

Xmhn-t\m-Sv k-lm-bw tXSn-b k-`w. B-bn-cw a-epI-sf Xp-S-sc-pS-sc A-bp-sIm-v \n-sf


k-lm-bn-p-sa--h D-cw \-In. (A A^m:9)
A-s\ Am-lp A-tl-s a-e-p-I-fm
k-lm-bn--p. A-_q kp-ssa (dn-tm--am-cn Hcm) ]d-p: C-_v-\p A-m-kv F-tm-Sv ]dp: H-cp ap-kvenw X-s ap-n-ep- ap-ivcn-p-Ifn-s]- H-cm-sf ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm-\m-bn ]n-mse Hm-Sp-Xn-\n-Sb
- n A-bm-fp-sS ap-I-`m-K
- m-bn Nm-h
- msIm-p- A-Sn-bp-sS i-w tI-p-I-bmbn. H-w
H-cp Ip-Xn-c--Sb
- m-fn ]-db
- p- i-h
- pw. "sslkpw
ap-tdp-I'. A-t-lw ap-n-ep- _lp-ssZ-hhn-izmkn-sb t\mn. A-bmf-Xm a-e-p-ho-gpp. A-tlw A-bm-sf t\mn. A-bm-fp-sS aq-n-\p A-Sn-tbn-pv. ap-Jw Io-dn-bn-pv. Ahn-sS-sbm-S-w Nm-bp-sS A-Sn-tb-s t]m-se I-cp-hm-fn-n-pv. Atm H-cp A--kzm-cn \-_n-bp-sS k-n-[n-bn-sen {]-kvXp-X kw`-hw hn-h-cnp. A-tm A-hnSp-v {]-Xn-h-Nn-p: "Xm- ]-d-Xv k-Xy-am-Wv.
A-Xv aqmw B-Imi-v \n-p- k-lm-b-am-Wv'.
A-hc-v F-gp]-Xv t]-sc h-[n-p-Ibpw F-gp]-Xv
t]-sc _-n-I-fm-p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. A-_qkpssa ]-d-bp-p: C-_v-\p A-m-kv ]-d-bp-I-bpmbn: Ah-sc _--\--cm-n-b-tm \-_n
A-_q_-Ivdn-t\mSpw D-adn-t\mSpw tNm-Zn-p. "Cu _nI-sf F-v sN--W-sa-m-Wv \n- A-`n-{]m-bs-Sp-Xv?' A-_q_-Iv ]dp: "Am-lp-hn-s
{]-hm-NI-sc A-h- \-p-sS ]n-Xr-hy]p-{Xcpw B hgn-p- A-Sp- _-p-f
- p-am-W-tm. A-h-tcm-Sv
tam-N-\-{Zhyw kzo-I-cn--W-sa-m-Wv F-s A-`n{]mbw. A-Xph-gn k-Xy-\n-tj-[n-I-fp-sS ta \-apv i-n t\-Sm-\m-hpw. H-cp th-f Am-lp Ahsc k-mK-n--em-p-Ibpw sN-bv-tXmw'. A\-cw \-_n tNm-Znp: "J-m-_n-s a-It\, Xm-fp-sS A-`n-{]m-bw F-mWv? A-tlw (D-a) ]-dbpp: Rm ]dp: A; A--s\-b {]-hm-NI-tc. Am-lp-hm-W, A-_q_-Ivdn-s A-`n-{]m-bw
F-\n-n. F-m Xm- R--v A-[n-Im-cw
X-cn-I, R- Ch-sc K-ft- -Zw sN-s
- . C-Xm-sWs A-`n-{]mbw. A-Jo-en-s I-gp-v sh-m A-ensb Np-a-X-e-s-Sp-p-Ibpw A-t-lw A-{]-Im-cw
sN-p-Ib
- p-am-Is. C-b
- m-fp-sSD-ad
- n-s
_pssI-Imcyw sN-m-\p- A-[n-Im-cw Fsbpw G-]n-p-I. Rm A-bm-fp-sS K-f-t-Zw
h-cp-mw. C-q- k-Xy-\n-tj-[-n-s t\-Xmfpw X-e-h-am-cp-amWv'.
\-_n-v A-_q_-Ivdn-s A-`n-{]m-b-am-Wv kzoIm-cy-am-bn tXm-n-bX
- v. F-s A-`n-{]m-bw C-s
- n. ]n-s Znh-kw Rm- A-hn-sS sNp. A-tmgXm \-_nbpw A-_q_-Ivdpw A-hn-sS C-cp-v I-cb
- p-

2013 P\phcn

13

I-bmWv. Rm tNm-Znp. 'Am-lp-hns {]-hm-NI-tc F-n-\m-Wv Xm-fpw


Iq-p-Im-c\pw I-cb
- p-s
- X-v A-dn-bn-mepw. I-c-n h-cn-I-bm-sW-n F\npw I-c-bm-a-t-m. C-\n F-\n-v I-cn h-n-s-n \n- I-c-bp--XpsIm-v Rm hn-j-an-v I-c-bmw'.
A-tm \-_n ]-d-p: 'A-h-cn\n-v tam-N-\-aqeyw kzo-I-cn--W-sa-v
\n--fp-sS Iq-p-Im-c F-tm-Sv ]-dXp-sIm-m-Wv Rm I-c
Xv. Cu
a-c-t-m k-ao-]-m-bn A-h-cp-sS
in- F-\n-v {]-Z-in-n--s-n-cn-pp' \-_n k-ao-]-p-f-f H-cp hr-w
Nq-n-m-n-sm-mW-Xv ]-d
Xv. Hcp {]-hm-NI
- \
- pw (i-{Xp-sf Io-gS- n)
\m-n i-n {]m-]n-p--Xph-sc bp--Sh
- p-Im-cp-m-bn-cn-m ]m-Sp-X... F--Xp-ap-X F-m K-\o-am-bn \n- t\-Sn-sb-Sp-X
- n-\n-v
A-\p-h-Z-\o-bhpw D--a-hp-amb-Xv \n `-np-sIm-p-I F--Xp-h-sc-bp kq- (A-A-^m: 6769)
Am-lp A-h-X-cn-n-Xv A-tm-gmWv.
A-s\ Am-lp A-h-v K-\o-av
(bp-a
- pX) A-\p-hZ- \
- o-ba
- m-n-sm-Spp.''
""C-_v-\p- A-m-kn -\nv: D-a-dp-_v\p F-tm-Sv ]dp: _-Zv bp--Znhkw \-_n ap-ivcn-pI-sf t\mn. Ah B-bn-c-ap-m-bn-cpp. A-hnS-s
A-\p-Nc
-
- m-cmI-s ap-q-n-]s
- m-Xv
]p-cp-j-am-cpw. X-Z-hk-cw \-_n C-cp-Ic--fp-ap-b--n Jn-_ve-sb A-`n-ap-Jo-I-

bp-cw-K-tv FSpp-Nm-tS--Xptm
Ct-sb hnj-bn am{X-a-, bp-X{--fpsS Imcynepw {]hm-N-I
A\p- b m- b n- I - f p- a mbn
IqSn-bm-tem-Nn-pIbpw Xt-Xn\v
hncp--amb A`n-{]mbw
]d--h-cp-tS-XmWv
icn-sbv t_m[y-s-tm Xs A`n-{]mbw
Xncp-p-Ibpw sNbvXXn\v _Zvdv bp--w
kmn-bm-bn-p-v.

2013 P\phcn

14

cn-v X-s \m-Y-t\m-Sv D--n {]mYn-m XpSn: "Am-lpth, \o F-tm-Sv sNbv-X hm-Kv-Zm-\w
\n-d-th--Wta! Am-lpth, \o hm-Kv-Zm-\w sN-bvXXv F-\n-v \-tIW-ta! Am-lp-th, C-kvem-ans B-fp-Ifm-b Cu sIm-p kwL-s \o \-in-nm C-\n- `q-an-bn \o -C-_mZ-v sN--s-Sp-Ibn.''(11)
bp-ap-W
- n-bn t\Xmhpw A\p-bm-bn-Ifpw
F-s\-bm-I-W-sav IrXy-ambn ]Tn-n-p, aplZv \_n. bp-n-\v ]pd-s-Sp-tm Xs
t\Xm-sh-m t\XrXzw hln-p--h\pw A\pbm-bn-Isf klm-bn-p-h
- \
- p-am-sWpw A\p-bmbn-I-sf-smv ]Wn-sb-Sp-nv Ah-cpsS ]cn-{i-a-fn\n-p-m-Ip kpJ-ku-I-cy- A\p-`hn-p--h-\-s-p-ap ]mT-amWv Atlw Xs
injyamv ]Iv \In-b-Xv. apq-dn-e-[nIw
hcp apkvenw ssk\y-n\v bm{X sNm Ccp]Xv H-I
- am{X-amWv Dm-bn-cp-Xv F-Xn\m aqp-t] hoX-amWv Hmtcm H-I-sbpw
khm-cnv D]-tbm-Kn-n-cp--Xv. X\nv am{X-ambn
Hcp HIw kzoI-cn-p--Xn\v ]Icw ap--h-sct]mse Xtm-sSmw A_q-ep-_m-_-sbbpw
Aen-p_v\p A_o-Xm-en-_n-s\bpw Xs ]mfn-If
- m-bn-tv kuI-cy- kzoI-cn-p-X
- n\v
]Icw A\p-bm-bn-It- fm-sSm-a
- m-hp-Ib
- mWv t\Xmhv
sNt--sXv ]-Tn-n-p. Ana {]hm-N-I
cp-t] H-I-p-dpw Hcm \Spw t]mhp-Isb coXn ap _Zvdv ]S-bm-fn-I-fpsS kw-Lns coXn-Xs {]hm-NI
- Dsm-p
aqh kwLhpw kzoI-cn-p-sImv aptmv
\on. apl-Zv \_n \S-t Dug-sa-n-btm IqsS-bp-m-bn-cp Aenbpw A_q-ep-_m_-bpw Xm \S-t--Xn-spw ]Icw Rfn-sem-cm \S-tm-fm-sapw \n_-n-p-t\m-nsb-nepw Atlw k-Xn-n-. "\n-fn-sem-cmfpw
Ft-m _e-hm-\mbn C; \n-sf-t]m-seXs {]Xn-^ew Bh-iy-ap--h-\mWv Rm\pw'
Fv ]d-p-sImv Xs A\p-bm-bn-If
- psS
A`yY\ \nc-kn Ana {]hm-N-I(12)
Am-lp-hn \np {]Xn-^ew {]Xo-n-psImv \S-p [aka-c-n A\p-bm-bnIfpw t\Xm--fp-samw X-fpsS ZuXyw \nhln-p-sImv apt-dp-Ib
- mWv th-sXpw Fmhcpw ]Wn-sb-Sp-t-Xv ssZh-{]o-Xn-p-thn
am{X-am-IW
- s
- a-p-ap ]mT-amWv temI-n\v
]Iv \In-b-Xv. hgn-bnshv aZo-\-bnse
Xmm-enI `c-Wk
- m-cY
- y-n-\mbn A_q-ep-_m_sb Xncn-b
-
- t- mgpw Xtm-sSmw HI
khm-cn-bn ]p-tN-cp aqwK kwL-n-tev
aY-Zp_v\p A_q-aY-Zn-s\ Iqn. {]hm-NI(13) kuI-cy--sf-bpw k`--sfbpw

kzmY-X-p-th-n-b-, kaq-l-ns
sam-n-ep \-p-th-n-bmWv
hn\n-tbm-Kn-t-Xv Fp-IqSn
temIs ]Tn-n-p-I-bm-bn-cp-p.
A_q-kp-^vb
- m-\ns t\Xr-Xz-n
iman\nv hn k-p-ambn aSp I-hS kwLs XS-bp-Ibpw
AXp-h-gn a-msc km-n-I-ambn
oWn-nv aZo-\-s-Xn-sc-bp \S-]Sn-I-fn\nv ]nam-dm t{]cn-n-pIbpw sN-p-Is
- b ey-tm-sSbmWv apl-Zv \_nbpw A\p-bm-bnIfpw ]pd-s--Xv. "CXm A_p-kp-^v-bm\ns kmY-hm-l-I-kw-Lw. Ah-cpsS
k-p-ambn hcp kwL-n-\pt\sc \op-I. Amlp Nne-tm
\nv AXv B--PnX k-mbn
\In-tbmw'(14) F _Zvdn-tev
t]m-Im- Blzm\w sNbvXp-sIm-p
{]hm-N-I-hn-fn-bn\n-p-Xs Hcp
hn bp-am-bn-cp-n Atlw
ey-am-n-bn-cp-s
- Xv hy-am-Wv.
Fm Am-lp-hns Xocp-am\w
asm-m-bn-cp-p. apl-Zv \_n-bpsS
\o-s-p-dnv a\-n-e-m-nb A_qkp-^v-bm ZwZ-ap_v\p Awdv Kn^mcnsb a--bn-tev ]d--bv
klmbw A`yYn-X
- ns ^e-am-bm-Wv
A_q-P-lv-ens t\Xr-Xz-n-ep
km-bp[ k-cm-b Jpssdio ]Sbm-fn-I _Zvdn-tev ]pd-s--Xv.
A_q-kp- ^
- vb
- ms t\Xr-Xz-n-ep
h-I-kwLw apkv-enw-I-fp-sS Ipsh-nv asmcp amK-n-eqsS a-bn
Fn-bn-p-sv a\-n-em-bt- XmsS
Hcp kl-{k-n-e-[nIw t]-cp-smp Ah-cnse _lp-`q-cn-]-hpw
bp-n\v Hcp-s-SmsX Xncn-p-t]mImsamWv A`n-{]m-bs
- -s
- X-nepw
AXn\nv Ahsc A_q-P-lv XSp-\nn. "Am-lp-hmW! _Zvdnsen AhnsS aqv Znhkw XpIbpw arK-sf Adpv P\-sf
`n-n-pbpw hov IpSnv a-cmhp-Ibpw kwKo-Xhpw \r-\y-fp-ambn \psS hchpw t]mp-samw
Ad-_n-Isf Adn-bnv \mw \nm-c-m-csv Ah-sc-sbmw t_m[y-s-Sp-nsm--msX Xncn-p-t]m-Ip {]iv\an'(15)sbv {]Jym-]n-p-sImv Xs
Ay-n\v Imc-Wa
- m-bn-o bpn-tev FSp-p-Nm-Sp-Ibpw ap--

bp-n-s\m-cp-n-h
i{Xp-hns\ \in-n-phm {]mYn-p-Ibpw
Ahs-Xnsc Bbp-[sa-Sp-p-hm A\p-bmbn-Isf {]tNm-Zn-n-pIbpw sNbvX apl-Zv
\_n-bpsS sNbvXn-Ifn AXn-{I-an-sbbpw
A[n-Im-c-tam-ln-sbbpw
c-Zm-ln-sbbpw
ImWm {ian-p--h
hkvXp-X-Isf t\pt\sc Xa-kvI-cn-p-IbmWv sNp--Xv.

2013 P\phcn

15

hsc t{]cn-n-p-I-bp-amWv A_q-P-l sNbvX-Xv.


a-bn shv \_n-]o-U-\-n\v t\XrXzw
hln Atlw _Zvdnshv \S-p t]mcm-n-eqsS \_n-sbbpw A\p-bm-bn-I-sfbpw
\ntijw \in-nv Ckv-em-ans\ Ipgn-p-aq-Sm
Ign-bp-sav Icp-Xn-bn-cn--Ww. _Zv bp-ns
bYmY \nanw A_q-P-lv-em-bn-cp-p-shv Ncn{X-Im-cam-cn ]ecpw kqNn-n-p-hm-\p ImcW-an-Xm-Wv.
kXym-kXy hnth-N-\-ns Ncn-{X-nse
Hcp \mgn-I--m-bn-o _Zv bpw Am-lphns al-mb \n-b
- f
- n-sem-m-bn-cp-pshv Izp-B hy-am-p-p-v.
""cp kwLfnsemv \nv
A[o\amIpsav Amlp \ntfmSv hmKvZm\w
sNbvXncp k`w (HmpI)
Bbp[_eanm kwLw
\n[o\amIWsambncpp \n
sImXnncpXv. AmlphmIs Xs
I]\I aptJ\ kXyw
]penmWnphm\pw kXy\ntj[nIfpsS
apcSv apdnpIfbphm\pw BWv DtinncpXv.
kXys kXyambn ]petXn\pw
AkXys
^eiq\yamnotXn\pas{X AXv.
ZpjvSamv AsX{X A\njvSIcambmepw
icn.'' (8:78)
bpw Dd-mb k`-n, Xs ]nn
AWn-\n-chcnse hyXykvX hn`m-K--tfmSv
{]tXyIw IqSn-bm-tem-N\
- I
- \Sn Imcy-
Xocp-am-\n-p-sImv t\Xr-]m-Sh
-
- ns ASn-d
- I-fn-sem-mb IqSn-bm-tem-N\
- b
- psS Ckve
- m-anI
coXn-imkv{Xw Fm-sW-p-IqSn apl-Zv \_n
temIs ]Tn-n-p. Xs-IqsS a-bn\nv
]em-b\w sNbvXv Fn-b-h-cmb A_q-_-Ivdv,
Da, anJvZm-Zp_v\p Akv-hZv Fo aplm-Pn-dp-I-

fpsS {]Xn-\n-[n-I-tfmSv a-m bpn-s\m-cp-n-h nXnv apkv-enwI Fv sN-W-sav Atlw IqSnbm-tem-Nn-p. X-fpsS IpSpw-_-mcpw
_p-fpw tKm{X-m-cp-aS-
- p
a ssk\y-tmSv BZi-n-\pthn AS-cm-Sp-hm X-sfmw k-am-sWv Ah {]hm-N-I-s\ Adnbn-p. aplm-Pn-dp-I-fpsS Bth-i-I-c-amb
{]Xn-Ic
- W
- s
- -p-dnv {]Xn-]m-Zn-p
lZoYv t\mpI:
""A-pm-lv-_v-\p a-kv-Du-Zn-\nv:
an-Jv-Zm-Zp-_v-\p A-kvh-Zn--\n-v Rm Hcp cw-K-n-\v km-n-bmbn. B cw-Kn-s A-h-Im-in Rm-\m-Ip-Xv A-Xn\v ]I-cw sh--s-Sp- F-n-s\mfpw F-\n-v {]n-b-s--Xm-Wv. \-_n
_lp-ssZ-h hn-izm-kn-I-s-Xnsc
(ssk\n-I k-m-l-n\v) B-lzm-\w
sN-sh, an-Jv-Zm-Zv \-_n-k-n-[n-bn-hv {]-Jym-]n-p: "\obpw \n-s \m-Y\pw
t]m-bn bp-w sN-p-I-sb-v aq-km
\_n-tbm-Sv A-t-l-n-s P-\-X ]-dXp-t]m-se Xm-t- fm-Sv R- ]-db
- pI-bn. a-dnv, Xm--fp-sS h-epw CSpw ap-nepw ]n-nepw A-Wn-\nc-v
R- s]m-cp-Xpw'. X-Z-hk-cw \-_n
k-tm-jn-p-Xpw Xn-cp-ap-Jw {]-k-am-Ip-Xpw Rm I-p.''(16)
anJvZm-Zv ]d-X
- m-bp asmcp
\nth-Z\w C-s\-bmWv: ""Am-lphns ZqX-tc, Amlp Xmv icnbm-sWv Adn-bn-p-X
- X
- p-{]-Imcw
Xm sNbvXp-sIm-p-I. C{km-bo-ey
aqk-tbmSv ]d--Xp-t]mse
"Xmfpw Xm-fpsS cn-Xmhpw t]mbn
bpw sNpI; R ChnsS Ccpp-sImmw' Fv R ]d-bp-Ib
- n. R ]d-bp-Xv "Xmfpw XmfpsS \mY\pw t]mbn bpw sNpI;
Rfpw \nsm-a
- pv' Fm-Wv.
Xmsf kXy-hp-ambn \ntbm-Kn--h
Xs-bmWv kXyw. R-sfbpw
sImv Xm _nI Knam-Zn-temWv t]mIp--sX-nepw Ahn-sS-sbp-X
- p-hsc R Xm-tfm-sSm-a
- pm-Ipw.(17)

apkv-enw-Is-Xnsc
]S-s]m-cp-Xn-smv
X-fpsS biv
Ad_v temIs Adnbn--W-sav Al--cnp A_q-P-lv-ens
t\Xr-Xz-n-ep Hcp
hsskyw AXn-{I-asm-cpn
_Zvdn X-Sn--tm
Ahs-Xnsc
kmbp[klmbw \Sm-Xn-cn--W-sav ]dbp-hm cmjv{S-X-{ns _me-]m-T-sanepw Adn-bp--h
k--am-Iptam?

a-bnse XymK--fnepw aZo-\-bnte-p ]em-b-\-n-ep-samw XtmsSm-a


- p-m-bn-cp aplm-Pn-dp-If
- psS
]qW-amb ]npW Dd-m-n-b-Xn\v
2013 P\phcn

16

tijw {]hm-N-I Akzm-dp-Iv t\sc


Xncn-p. _Zvdn-tev ]pd-s kwL-n
aplm-Pn-dp-I-fpsS Cc-n-bn-e-[nIw t] Akzm-dpI-fm-bn-cp-p. 82\pw 86-\p-an-S-bn aplm-Pn-dp-Ifpw
231 Akzm-dp-I-fp-amWv _Zvdn ]s-Sp--sXmWv tcJ-I hy-am-p--Xv.(18) a-bnse
]oU-\
- f
- n\nv c-s-Sm aZo-\b
- n-tev
]em-b\w sNp--Xn-s\-p-dnv Btem-Nn-p-Xn-s\-]n AJ-_-bn Hcp-anv IqSn-b-tm aZo-\-I-p-shv {]hm-N-I-s\ kwc-n-m-sav
am{Xsa Akzm-dp-I DS-Sn sNbvXn-p-q-sh-Xn-\m aZo-\v ]pdv _Zvdnshv \S-p
bp-s-p-dnv Ah-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-sa-sv
Adn-bp-hm {]hm-N-I B{K-ln-p. Akzm-dpI-fp-ambn \S IqSn-bm-tem-N-\-sb-n C_v\p
CkvlmJv hnh-cn-p-Xv C-s\-bmWv:
`qcn-]--ap Akzm-dp-I-fpsS \ne-]m-S-dnbm Atlw B{K-lnp. AIz_-bnse DS--Sbn aZo-\bvv ]pd-p-t]mbn bpw sNm
Ah hyh sNbvXn-p-an. AXn-\m CX{Xbpw tI-tijw Ahn-Spv Akzm-dp-Isf Dtinp ]dp: ""P\-tf! \n-fpsS A`n-{]m-bsa-m-sWv Adn-bn-Ww.'' CXv Xsf Dt-inmWv {]hm-NI
- tNmZn-p-s
- Xv Akzm-dp-IfpsS t\Xmhpw [zP-hm-l-I-\p-amb kA-Zv_n
apBZv a\-n-emn. Atlw tNmZnp. "ssZh-ZqXtc! Av R-sf-bmWv Dt-in-s
- Xv tXmpp-htm!' "AsX' {]hm-N-I ]dp. Atm
kAZv {]Jym-]np. "R Xmsf hniz-kn-pIbpw AwKo-Ic
- n-p-Ibpw Xm sImp-h
- Xv
kXy-am-sWv kmyw hln-p-Ibpw sNbvX-hcmWv. XZ-Sn-m-\
- n Xm ]d-bp-Xv
tIp-Ibpw A\p-k-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-sa
Icmdpw {]Xn-bpw R sNbvXn-p-apv.

AXn-\m Xm Dt-in-Xv {]hnp-sIm-pI. Xmsf kXy-hp-ambn


\ntbm-Kn--h Xs kXyw! Cu
kap{Zw Xm apdn-p-I-S-p-I-bm-sWn Rfpw Xm-tfm-sSm-a
- p-mIpw.
R-fn Bcpw Xs ]nam-dp-Ibn. \msf-s R-sf-bpw-sImv
Xm i{Xp-sf t\cn-mepw R
shdpp {]I-Sn-n-msX bp-cw-Kv
Dd-p-\n-evp--XmWv. R bp-cwKpw Gp-ap-p-t-Spw Dd-p-\n-hcpw \njvT]p-en-b-h-cp-amWv.
IIp-fnm-hp cwK- R-fneqsS Amlp Xmv ImWntmw! Am-lp-hns A\p-{K-ltmsS Av Rsf \bn-mepw!
ap- N ne \nth- Z - \ - - f - \ p- k - c nv
kAZv {]Xn-I-cn--Xn--s\-bmWv:
"Akzm-dp-Iv aZo-\--Iv
sht Xmsf klm-bn-m _m[yX-bp-q F-Xns t]cn Xm
`b-s-Sp--Xp-t]mse tXmpp.
Fm, Rm Akzm-dp-Iv
thn-bmWv kwkm-cn-p-Xv.
Xm Dt- i n- p hgnv \onsm-pI. Dt-in-p--h-cp-ambn
_w tNp-Ibpw Dt-in-p--hcp- a mbn hntO- Z n- p- I bpw sNpI.
R-fpsS k-n\nv Xm
Dt-in-p-Xv FSp-pI. Xm
Dt-in-p--Xp-am{Xw Xncnp \IpIbpw sNpI. Xm Rv
Xncn-p-X-cp--Xn-t\-m
Rtw {]nbw Xm R-fn \nv FSp--XmWv Xm-fpsS
I]-\bvv hnt[-b-am-bn-cnpw
R- f psS Imcy- . Am- l phmW! KnwZm\nse Pem- i bw hsc
Av k-cn-p-I-bm-sW-nepw
R A-bp-sS-Iq-sS-bp-mIpw.
Cu kap{Zw Xs R-tfbpw
sImv Av apdn-p-I-S-p-I-bm-sWnepw Am- l p- h mW R AbpsS IqsS--s-bp-mIpw! ""kAZns {]kv X m- h - \ - tIv dkq
kp- j v S \pw Dt- j - h m- \ p- a mbn.
Fnv Ahn- S pv ]dp. "\n
k-cn-pI, ktm-j-hm-bpambn. cm- s emcp hn`m- K s
Amlp F\nv \Im- s av
hmKv Z m\w sNbv X n- c n- pp. Am-

bp-n\v Hcp-n-h
i{Xp--fn\nv \mSns\bpw \mp-Im-scbpw
kwc-n-p-Ibpw
As\ kam-[m-\]qW-ambn Ckv-emanI PohnXw \bn-phm\pw AXn-tev
Bfp-Isf Wn-phm-\p-ap kml-N-cy Dm-p-Ibpw
sNp-hm thn-bmWv
_Zvdv bpw \S--Wsa hkvXpX kXy-k-ambn Ncn-{X-]-T\w
\nh-ln-p-hsmpw \ntj-[nm-\m-hn-.

2013 P\phcn

17

lp- h mW! i{Xp- - f psS ]X\w Rm Iapn ImWp--Xp-t]mse tXmp-p.'' (19)


\_nbpw Akzm-dp-Ifpw Xn \S
IqSn-bm-tem-N-\-sb-n ]cm-ain-p kzlo-lpap-kv-en-anse lZoYv ImWpI:
A-\-kn-\nv: A-_q-kp-^vbm h-cp-ps- hn-h-c-a-dn--tm \_n (A-\p-N-cm-cpambn) Iq-Snbm-tem-Nnp. A-s\ A-_q-_-Iv
kw-km-cnp. A-tm \-_n A-t-l-n-\n-v Xncn-p-I-fp. ]n-o-Sv D-a kw-km-cnp. A-tl-n-\n-pw \-_n Xn-cn-p-I-fp. A-\-cw
k-Av-Zp-_v-\p D_m-Z F-gp-t-p-\n-p. A-t-lw
tNm-Znp: "Am-lp-hn-s Zq-Xsc, R-s
- fbmtWm
A-v D-t-in-p-Xv? F-s B-m-hv B-cp-sS
ssI-hi
- am-tWm A-h\
- m-W, R-t- fm-Sv R-f
- p-sS
Ip-Xn-c-S-sb k-ap-{Z-n {]-th-in-n-m-\m-Wv Av I-n-p--sX-n-t]mepw R- {]-th-inn-pw. _-Ip-Kn-am-Zn-te-v ap-dn-p-I-S--W-sam-Wv A-v I-]n-p--sX-n AXpw R-
sN-pw'. A\-cw \-_n B-fpI-sf t{]-cn-np.
A-s\ A-h _-Zvdn sN-n-dn. Jp-ssd-inI sh-w sIm-p-h-cm D-]-tbm-Kn-p- Ip-sd
H--I- A-h-cp-sS A-Sp-sn. A-q--n
_-\p l-m-Pn-se H-cp I-dp- _m-e-\p-ap-mbn-cpp. A-h Ah-s\ ]n-Sn-IqSn. \-_n-bp-sS A\p-N-c-am A-_q-kp-^vbm-s\bpw Iq--scbpw ]-n
A-h-t\m-Sv tNm-Znp. A-tm A-h ]dp: "A_q kp-^vbm-s\-p-dn-v F-\n-v H-cp A-dn-hp-an.
F-m A-_qP-lv, D-Xv-_, ssi-_, D-a--Xp-_v\p Je-^v F-n-h Iq--n-eq-v'. C-Xp-]-d-tm Ah-s\ A-h A-Snp. A-tm A-h
]dp: "icn, A-_q kp-^v-bm\pw C-Xm D-s-v
Rm \n--tfm-Sv ]-d-bp-p'. A-tXm-sS Ah-s\
sh-dp-sX-hnp. A-]w I-gn-v tNmZyw B-h-n-

-tm A-h ]dp: "F-\n-v A_q kp-^vbm-s\-p-dn-v H-cp hn-h-c-hpan. F-m A-_qP-lv, D-Xv-_,
ssi-_, D-a--Xp-_v-\p Je-^v F-n-hscmw Bq--n-eq-v'. A-Xv ]-d-tm A-h Ah-s\ hopw ASnp. A-tm \-_n \-a-kv-I-cn-p-I-bmbn-cpp. C-Xp-I- \-_n \-a-kv-Im-cn-\npw hn-c-an--ti-jw ]d-p:
"F-s B-m-hv B-cp-sS ssI-hiamtWm A-h\
- m-W, C-h \n-t- fm-Sv
kXyw ]-d-bp-tm \n- Ch-s\ ASn-pp. C-h \n--tfm-Sv I-w ]-dbp-tm \n- Ah-s\ sh-dp-sX-hnSp-Ibpw sN-p-p!'. A-t-lw (A\kv)]dp: A-\-cw Am-lp-hns d-kq A-cp-fn: 'C-Xv C--bm (acnp) ho-gv--s-Sp- -e-amWv!' \nth-Z-I ]d-p: (A-Xp-]-d--tm)
A-hn-Sp-v X-s I-cw `q-an-bn Apw
Cpw sh-p-p-m-bn-cpp. A-tlw
(A-\kv) ]dp: \-_n ssI-sh-t-Sp-\n-v A-h-cn H-cmfpw A-Ip-t]mbn-n.(20)
bp-cw-Kt- v FSp-p-Nm-tS-Xptm Ct-sb hnj-b
- n am{Xa-, bp-X-{--fpsS Imcy-nepw
{]hm-N-I A\p-bm-bn-I-fp-ambn IqSnbm-tem-Nn-p-Ibpw Xt-Xn\v hncp-amb A`n-{]mbw ]d-h
- c
- p-tS-XmWv
icn-sbv t_m[y-s-t- m Xs
A`n-{]mbw Xncp-p-Ibpw sNbvX-Xn\v
_Zvdv bp-kwLw kmn-bm-bn-p-v.
C_v\p-C-kvlmJv \nth-Z\w sNp
Hcp kw`hw t\mpI:
Av cm{Xn AhnsS ag hjnp.
_lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-Iv A-Xv ISp
t]am-cn-bmbn amdn-b-tm apkvenwIv Ah-cpsS B-e-ky-n\nv
DWp-Xpw ss]im-NnI amen-\yn-\nv ipNo-Ic
- n-p-X
- p-amb
Ipfna-g-bmbn AXp- `-hnp. ap-kvenw-IfpsS {]tZ-iv aW Ddv ]mZ-
Dd-n-m-hp A-h-bpw ssIhp.
XpSv apkvenw ssk\yw _Zvdnse
Pem-ib
-- -n\v k-ao-]-ambn X-Snp.
DSs\ lp_m_v _n apZn F-gp-tp-\nv tNmZnp: Am-lp-hns
ZqXtc! Cu ew bp-X{-- -sa
\ne-bvv Xm-fpsS hyn-]-c-amb
ho-W-a-\p-k-cn-tm AX, am-n-cp-

i-{Xp- aZo-\m cm-Pyt-v I-S-ph-v Ahn-sS-bp-h-sc sImsm-Sp-p-Ibpw cm-Pyk-v sIm--b-Snp-Ibpw \m-Sn-s\ XI-p-Ibpw sN-p-Xn-\v k--Xn-m-sX Ah-cp-sS tI-{--fn
t]m-bn B-{I-an-p-Ibpw a-Zo-\-bp-sS kp-cn-XXzw D-d-p-h-cpp-Ibpw sN-p-I-sb X-{-am-Wv C-Xn-\pti-j-ap- {]-hm-N-I
bp---fn-semw ImWm I-gn-bp-Xv.

2013 P\phcn

18

-ep-Iv hnt[-b-a-m Am-lp-hns


\ntZ-i
- ns ASn-m-\
- ntem F-s\bmWv
sXc-s-Sp-X
- v. CsXs hoWw am{X-amWv
\_n ]dp: Fm CXv A\p-tbm-Py--amb
e-a, \ap-]w aptm-p-\on Izpssd-inIv k-ao-]-ap Pem-ibw aqSn AXn-\-Spv
Hcp kw`-c-Wn-bn Pew ti-J-cn--tijw _mn
InW-dp-I \ncmw. A-s\-bm-bm \ap-v
shw e`npw. Ahv shw e`n-p-I-bpan. lm_v ]dp: "CXmWv icn-bmb A`n{]mbw \_n ]dp: XpSv cm{Xn-bpsS a[ytmsS Atm-p-\on ta-d
X
- p-t]m-sesbmw sNbvXp.(21)
bp-n, A\p-bm-bn-Iv ]nn-em-bn-cpn, apn-em-bn-cpp {]hm-N-I-s m\w.
Xs A\p-bm-bn-I {]hm-N-I-\p-thn Hcp
IqSmcw \nanv \Im-sav ]d--tm
Atlw AXv A\p-h-Zn-p-sh-nepw ]e-tmgpw
AXn-\-Iv Ccn-p--h-\m-b At-ls
\apv ImWm Ign-bp--Xv. _Zvdv bpcwK-sp-dn Aen-bpsS hnh-c-W-n ssZh-Zq-X-\mbn-cpp i{Xp-\n-c-tbmSv Ghpw ASp-p-\nv
bpw sNbvXXv; R-fn ]ecpw At-l-n\v
]nn-emWv A`bw tXSn-bn-cp--Xv, i{Xp-hn-s\Xnsc Ghpw i-ambn bpw sNbvXXv At-lam-bn-cpp; R-fn shv Ghpw i-\mbn
ImW-s-Xv At-ls
- -bm-bn-cpp'(22) Fns\ ]d-bp--Xn\nv bp-cw-Ks apl-Zv
\_n-bpsS t\XrXzw F-s\-bp--Xm-bn-cp-pshv hy-am-Ip-p-v. bp-n {]hm-NI t\p-t\sc t]mcm-tS-X
- n-s-m-bn-cpp
A\p-bm-bn-I-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-sav \_n-p-thn
IqSmcw \nan-p-hm-\p Xocp-am\w Adn-bn-p-

sIm-p Akzmcn {]ap-J-\mb


kA-Zp_v\p apB-Zn-s h-am-\n\nv hy-am-Wv. Atlw
]dp:
""{]hm-N-Itc, Atv R
Hcp IqSmcw ]Wn-Xp-Xcmw. XmXn hn{i-anmw. Xm-fpsS hml\hpw R AXn Hcp-n-shmw.
XpSv R i{Xp-hns\ t\cnSpw.
Amlp \psS bi-p-bp-Ibpw
i{Xp-hn-s\-Xnsc hnPbw \Ip-Ibpw
sNbvXm \mw B{K-ln-p-Xv
t]mse-bmbn. adn-m-sW-n Xmv
hml-\-n-tedn \psS IqsS bpn ]p-tN-cm Ign-bm \psS
Bfp-If
- p-ambn kw_-n-p-Ibpw
sNmw.''(23)
X-sfmw acn-mepw X \ne\n BZiw ChnsS \ne-\n-Wsapw X G-hp-a-[nIw kvt\lnp BZi {]t_m-[-I-\mb {]hm-NI\v A]-I-S-sampw kw`-hn-msX
Ah-ti-jn-p-Ibpw Xs ZuXy-amb
kXy-aX {]t_m-[\w \nh-ln-psImv kaq-ls aptmv \bn-pIbpw sN-W-sa-p-ap A\p-bm-bn-IfpsS \ntZiw {]hm-N-I-s\ ktmjn-n-p-Ibpw Xs kpc--p-thn
A\p-bm-bn-I \nan-m-sav ]d
IqSm-c-n\v Atlw A\p-aXn \IpIbpw sNbvXp-sh-nepw bpw XpS-nb-tXmsS apkvenw ]S-bm-fn-If
- psS
apn\n-p-sImv Ahv
t\XrXzw \Ip \_n-sb-bmWv
\apv ImWm Ign-bp--Xv. hn{i-at-m A[nIw {]mY-\v thnbmWv apl-Zv \_n X\n-p-thn
\nan IqSmcw D]-tbm-Kn--Xv.
"Cusbmcp sImp-kw-Ls \in-nm ]nsbo `qan-bn \ns-am{Xw
Bcm-[n-p--h Ath-in-jn-p-I-bn-,
\mYm... \o \ns hmKvZm\w ]men-tWta'(24)sb Ic-fp-cp-In-bp {]hmNI {]mY-\v Amlp Dcw
\In. Xs ]S-b
- n-bW
- n-p-sImv
_Zvdv Znhkw {]hm-N-I ""Fm
hgnsb B kwLw
tXm]nsSpXmWv. Ah
]nncnv HmSpIbpw sNpw.''(54:45)
Fv ]mcm-bWw sNbvXt- m-gmWv
X\nv {]kvXpX Izp-B hN-\-

bp-n, A\p-bm-bnIv ]nn-em-bn-cpn, apn-em-bn-cpp


{]hm-N-I-s m\w.
Xs A\p-bm-bn-I
{]hm-N-I-\p-thn Hcp
IqSmcw \nanv \Imsav ]d--tm
Atlw AXv A\p-h-Znp-sh-nepw ]e-tmgpw
AXn-\-Iv Ccn-p-h-\m-b At-ls
\apv ImWm Ign-bp-Xv.

2013 P\phcn

19

ns hnh-s
- b-m-sWv a\-n-em-bs
- Xv
Da ]d--Xmbn CIv-cn-a \nth-Z\w sNbvXnp-v.(25) bp-n hnP-b-ap-m-Ip-sav {]hm-N-Is\ Amlp Adn-bn-n-cp-p-sh-Yw.
_Zv bp-n hnP-b-ap-m-Ip-sa Amlp-hn \n-p ktm-j-hm e`n-p-Ibpw
ae-p-Isf Ab-p-sImv klm-bn-m-sa
ssZhnIhmKvZm\w \ne-\np-Ibpw sNbvXnpw
{]mY-\-tbmsS ]S-s]m-cp-Xp-Ibpw AXn\v A\pbm-bn-Isf {]tNm-Zn-n-p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sImv
ap-Wn-bnXs \ne-bp-d-n {]hm-N-I
F-s\-bmWv Imcy--sfmw Am-lp-hn `cta]n-t-s
- Xv hnizm-kn-Isf ]Tn-n-p-Ib
- mbn-cp-p. "ssZhw ]mXn Xm ]mXn' F-Xn\v
]Icw "X\nv sNm-\p--sXmw' sNbvXp-I-gn-tijw AXns \ \nd ^e-n-\mbn
Am-lp-hn `c-ta]n-pI'sb Xz-amWv
Ckvemw ]Tn-n-p Xhp-en ImX.
Xsf \in-n-p-Is
- b ey-tmsS
amssk\yw Hcp-n-h--tm A\p-bm-bn-I-fpambn IqSn-bm-tem-Nnpw Ahsc ka-c-k--cm-phm {]tNm-Zn-npw bp-ap--Wn-bn Ahv
t\XrXzw \Inbpw AtXm-sSm-w-Xs klm-bn-\mbn Am-lp-thmSv {]mYn-pw-sImv Xhp-ens coXn-imkv{Xw kaq-ls ]Tn-n-p-Ibm-bn-cpp {]hm-N-I. lnPvd-p-ti-j-ap
cmw hj-nse da-Zm 17\v shn-bmgvN(26)

apkvenw ssk\yhpw _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[I-cpsS ssk\yhpw apJm-apJw \ne-bpd-n--tm Atlw Am-lp-hn-t\mSv


{]mYnp: "Am-lpth CXm Jpssdin-I! \ns ZqX-s\-Xnsc Iw ]dp-sImv Ah-cpsS Al-m-chpw
Xmtm-n-h
- p-am-bn-mWv Ah hncn-p--Xv. Am-lp-th, \o FtmSv
hmKvZm\w sNbvX klmbw \tI-Wta. Am-lp-th, D-tbmsS \o Ahsc
\in-n-t-Wta.(27)
bp-n-s\m-cp-n-h i{Xp-hns\
\in-n-p-hm {]mYn-p-Ibpw
Ahs-Xnsc Bbp-[-sa-Sp-p-hm
A\p-bm-bn-Isf {]tNm-Zn-n-p-Ibpw
sNbvX apl-Zv \_n-bpsS sNbvXnI-fn AXn-{I-an-sbbpw A[n-Im-ct- amln-sbbpw c-Zm-ln-sbbpw ImWm
{ian-p--h hkvXp-X-Isf t\pt\sc Xa-kvIc
- n-p-Ib
- mWv sNp-X
- v.
apkv-enw-Isf \in-n-p-hm k-cmbn i{Xp-ssk\yw \ne-bp-d-n
k`-n Ahsc kzmKXw sNpIbpw kzw kaq-ls \in-n-phm Ahsc A\p-h-Zn-p-I-bp-am-bncpp {]hm-N-I sNt-n-bn-cp-Xv
FmWv hnai-I ]d-bp-s
- X-n
AXv AwKo-I-cn-p-hm A]-sanepw Nnm-ti-jn-bp Bscbpw
e`n-p-I-bn-sv Dd-m-Wv. {]hm-NIs\ \ne-bnepw cmjv{S-t\-Xm-sh
\ne-bnepw Xm ]Tn-n-p BZisbpw AX-\p-k-cnv Pohn-p--hscbpw \in-n-p-hm k-Xn-m-Xn-cnt _m[yX {]hm-N-I-\p-v.
i{Xp-sf \in-n-p-hm-\p {]mY\-bnepw Ahs-Xnsc Bbp-[-sa-Sp-

aZo-\mcm-{-s X-Im KqVm-tem-N-\I \-S-p-h-tcm-Sv


A-h C-tm-v B-{Ian-p--Xn-\v ap-v A-hcp-sS tI-{--fn
t]m-bn B-{I-an-p-Isb- {]Xn-tcm-[
X-{w {]-Jym-]n--s-Xn-\p-ti-jhpw
im-nbpw k-am-[m\hpw \n-e-\n-m
G-Xp-hn-[-n-ep-
hn-p-ho-gv-N-bvpw {]hm-N-I k---\m-bncp-p-sh-v hy--amp--Xm-Wv
lp-ssZ_n-b kn.

p-hm {]tNm-Zn-n-p-sIm-p {]hm-NIhN-\-fnepw \apv ImWm-\m-Ip-Xv Cu _m[yXm


\nh-l-W-am-Wv. bp-cw-K-n-dn i{Xp-hn-t\mSv
t]mcm-Sm-\p {]hm-NI
- s
- {]tNm-Z\
-
-
F{X-tmfw ^e-{]-Za
- m-bn-cp-p-shv hy-amp Hcp kw`hw t\mp-I.
""A-\-kp-_v-\p am-en-In-\nv: A-_q-kp-^vbm-s I--h-S-kw-Lw F-v sN-p-s- hn-h-c-a-dnbm \-_n _p-sskk-sb Nm-c-\m-bn \n-tbm-Knp.
A-t-lw h--tm Rm\pw \-_n-bp-am-sX amcpw ho-n-ep-m-bn-cp-n. \n-th-Z-I ]-d-bp-p:
\-_n Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-sS H-cp `m-cybpw H-gn-sI F-v
]-dtm F-s-\n--dn-bn. A-t-lw ]-d-bp-IbmWv: A-s\ A-t-lw hn-h-c- ]-dp. A\-cw \-_n ]p-d-ph-v kw-km-cnp. "\-ap-v
]p-d-nd-n A-t\z-jn-t- H-cp Im-cy-apv. hml-\
- X-m-dp-h
- R-t- fm-sSm-w hml-\w
Ib-dn hp-sIm-s'. A-tm Nn-e-bm-fp-I
\_n-tbm-Sv k-Xw tNm-Zn-m Xp-Sn. A-h-cp-sS
hm-l\
-
- a-Zo-\b
- n-se D-b- {]-tZ-i
- mWv
(Ah sIm-p-h-cm). A-hn-Sp-v ]dp: "hml\w X-m-dp--h-cm-sX ]p-d-s-tS--Xn'. As\ \-_nbpw A-\p-N-c-mcpw ap-iv-cn-p-I F-p-Xn-\p-ap-m-bn _-Zvdn-te-v t]mbn. _lp-ssZ-h
hn-izm-kn-Ifpw h-p-tNp. A-tm \-_n ]dp: "Rm ap-n-em-bn-sm-m-sX \n-
B-cpwX-s H-cp Im-cy-nepw ap-n-n-d-t'.
A-s\ ap-ivcn-p-I A-Sp-p-h--tm \-_n
A-cpfn: "B-Im-i-`q-an-I-tfm-fw {]-hn-im-eam-b kz-Kn-\m-bn H-cp-n-smp-I'. A-tlw (\n-thZI) ]-d-bpp: A-tm- D-ssa-dp-_v-\p lp-am-an
A-kzm-cn \_n-tbm-Sv tNm-Zn-p: "Am-lp-hn-s
{]-hm-N-Itc, hm-\-`p-h\--tfm-fw hn-im-eam-b kzKtam?' A-hn-Sp-v ]d-p: "AsX' A-t-lw (Dssa) ]d-p: "lmbv! lm-bv!' A-tm \-_n
tNm-Znp: "lmbv! lm-bv!' F-p-]-d-bm \n-s t{]cn-n--sX-m-Wv? A-tlw: "Rm-\-Xn-s B-fp-Ifn D-s-S-W-sa- B-{K-l-am-sX a-sm-p-a
{]-hm-N-I-tc...' \_n: "\n-bw \o A-Xn-s Bfp-I-fn s]--h-\m-Wv'. A-tm A-t-lw X-s
B-h-\m-gn-bn-\n-v G-Xm\pw Im-c--sb-Sp-v Xnm Xp-Sn. F-n-v A-t-lw ]d-p: "Cu Imc--I Xn-p-I-gn-bp--Xph-sc Rm Po-hn-p-Ibm-sW-n A-sXm-cp ssZ-Ly-tadn-b Po-hn-Xw Xs-bm-bn-cnpw'. A-s\ A-t-lw X-s ssI-bnep- Im-c- h-en-s-dnp. Xp-S-v A-h-tcm-Sv
t]m-cm-Sn; h-[n--s-Sp--Xp-hsc.''(28)
BZi-ns kwc-W
-
- n-\mbn Ana
{]hm-NI
- \pw A\p-bm-bn-Ifpw tXmtfmSv tXmfpcpn ]S-sh-n-b-tm AhnsS Am-lp-hns
klm-b-ap-m-bn. Am-lp-hns Xr]vXn am{Xw

2013 P\phcn

20

Imwn-p-sIm-mWv apkve
- nw-I ]Ssh-n-b-sX hkvXpX hy-am-p-XmWv \tS hnh-cn kw`-hw. A[n-Imchpw bpmnX kpw
As\ e`n-p ASn-a-ssIm-SnI-fp-sam-p ib-\-hp-am-bn-cpp apkvenw-Isf bp-n\v {]tNm-Zn-n--sX
hnai-\-ns \s-sm-Sn-p
Ccw \nc-h[n kw`-h- \nth-Z\w
sN-s-n-p-v. Am-lp-hns {]oXn
B{K-ln-p-sImpw Ahs klmbw
{]Xo-n-p-sImpw hnizm-kn-I ]Ss]m-cp-Xn-b-tm Amlp Ahsc
klm-bn-p. bp-n apkv-enw-I
hnP-bn-Xv Am-lp-hns klmbw
sImm-Wv. IqSm-c
- n {]mY-\m-\n-aKv\
- \
- m-bn-cp {]hm-NI
- CSbvv
]pd-p-h-p-sImv A_q-_--dn-t\mSv ]dp: "ktm-j-hm-bpv
A_q-_-Iv. Am-lp-hns klmbw
hs-n-bn-cn-p-p. Xe-mhv shpsImv Xs IpXn-csb \bnv CXm
Pn_v-co Fn--gn-p. At-lns IpXn-c-bpsS ]n s]mSn ]nSnn-p-v. Amlp hmKvZm\w sNbvX
klmbw CXm hs-n-bn-cn-pp'(29)
A[n-Im-ct- am-lhpw A[o-iXz
kz]v\--fp-amWv apl-Zv \_nsb
Bbp-[-sa-Sp-p-hm {]tNm-Zn-n-Xv
Fv ]d-bp--hv _Zvdnshv
Atlw asv sN-W-sa-mWv \ntZin-p-hm-\p-s
- Xv Adn-bp-hm
IuXp-I-ap-v. apkv-enw-Is-Xnsc
]S-s]m-cp-Xn-smv X-fpsS biv
Ad_v temIs Adn-bn--W-sav
Al--cn-p A_q-P-lv-ens t\XrXz-n-ep Hcp hsskyw AXn-{Ia-sm-cpn _Zvdn X-Sn-tm Ahs-Xnsc
kmbp[klmbw \S-m-Xn-cn-W
- sav ]d-bp-hm cmjv{S-X{- -ns
_me-]m-T-sa-nepw Adn-bp--h k-am-Iptam? AXv \S-n-n-m-bn-cp-psh-n {]kvXpX ssk\y-w aZo-\-bntev amv sNp-Ibpw aZo\m]Ww
Xs \mam-ht- i-ja
- m-Ip nXn
Dm-hp-Ibpw sNp-am-bn-cp-p-shv
kw`-h-sf \nco-n-p BmWv
a\-kn-em-m Ign-bm-Xv! bpn\v Hcp-n-h i{Xp--fn\nv
\mSn-s\bpw \mp-Im-scbpw kwc-n-p-

tdm-am N-{I-h-n-bpsS Io-gn `c-Ww \-Sn-bn-cp- K-m


cm-Pm-hv {]-hm-NIs
I-n-s\ A-h-tl-fnp-Ibpw A-Xp-am-bn
sN- ZqX-s\ h-[n-pIbpw sN-bvXp-sIm-v
C-kveman-t\mSpw {]-hmNI-\psa-Xn-sc-bp-
im-{X-hw ]-c-ky-am-bn
{]-Jym-]n--tm A-tl-n-s\-Xn-sc
ssk\n-I \-S-]-Sn-sbSp-p-I-bm-sX \nhm-l-an-s- A-h-bp-mbn.

2013 P\phcn

21

Ibpw As\ kam-[m-\-]qW-ambn Ckv-em-anI


PohnXw \bn-p-hm\pw AXn-tev Bfp-Isf
Wn-p-hm-\p-ap kml-N-cy- Dm-pIbpw sNp-hm thn-bmWv _Zvdv bpw \S-W-sa hkvXpX kXy-k--ambn Ncn-{X-]-T\w
\nh-ln-p--hsmpw \ntj-[n-m-\m-hn-,
Xo.
_Zv-dn-epm-b ]-cm-P-b-n-\v ]I-cw ho-m Fh-w a-Zo-\-bn-sen-b k-m-bp-[-k-cm-b amap-ivcn-p-I-fp-am-bn \-S- {][m\ t]m-cm--fnsemm-b D-lv-Zn-s n-Xnbpw hy-Xy-kv-am-bn-cpn. ap-l--Zn-s\ B-{I-an-m-sX C-\n X-e-bn
sh--sam-gnp-I-bn'sb-v i]-Yw sN-bv-Xv C-cpq-dv `-S-am-cp-am-bn a-Zo-\-bn-sen-b A-_q-kp^vbm tXm-tmSnb tKm-X-p-am-hv bpw (K-kvhp z-ho-Izv)(30) Z-Av-kq-dn-s t\-Xr-Xz-n
apkvenwI-sf B-{I-anm-s\m-cpn-b K-Xv^
- m-Imsc Xp-cn-b kw-`hw(31) F-n-h-p- ti-j-am-Wv Dlv-Zv bp-w \-S-Xv. _-Zv-dv bp-w \-S-p--Xn-\v apv c--s]- A-_q-kp-^vbm-s I--h-S-kw-Lw
t\Sn-b A--Xn-\m-bn-cw Zo-\m h-cp- em-`w _-Zv-dn\v ]I-cw tNm-Zn-m-\m-bn \o-n sh-p-I-bm-Wv am ap-ivcn-p-I sN-bv-XXv.(32) Jp-ssd-in-Ifpw kJy-I-n-I-fp-sS {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-sm-p- kmbp-[k-cm-b aqh-mb
- n-ct- m-fw t]-tcm-Sm-Wv Dlv-Zn-sh-v {]-hm-N-I-\pw A-\p-bm-bn-Ipw
t\-cn-tS-n h-Xv.(33) a-Zo\-sb X-Im-s\m-cp-n
h-cp ssk-\n-Icpw A-h-v l-cw ]-I-cm-\m-bp Km-b-Icpw kw-Ko-X-cpw \--Icpw X-cp-WnI-fp-a-S-p- h kw-L-s-p-dn-v X-s ]n-Xr-

I bp-mn-X k-v hm-cn-q-p--Xn {i tI-{o-I-cn-p.

hy\m-b A-m-kp-_v-\p A-n ap-en-_v \In-b c-l-ky-hnh-cw A-dn-bp-S-s\-s a-Zo-\m ap-kvenw-I-fp-am-bn


Iq-Sn-bm-tem-Nnv, i-{Xp-sf aZo-\ \-K-cn-te-v I-S-m A-\p-h-Zn-m-sX hgn-bn-ep- D-lv-Zn-sh-v t\-cn-Sp-hm
{]-hm-NI Xo-cp-am-\n-p-I-bm-bncpp.(34) B-bn-cw t] am-{X-a-S-p
ssk-\y-n-\n-v h-gn-bn-shv, Apm-ln-_v-\p D-_-v-_v-\p kp-eq-en-s
t\-Xr-Xz-n-ep- I-]S- h
- n-izm-kn-I
]n-am-dn-b-tXm-sS apkvenw ssk-\y-ns F-w aq-n c-m-bn Np-cpn.(35)
a-Zo\mcm-{-sbpw A-Xv D-sm-p B-Z-i-sbpw X-I-m h-cp-
h ssk-\y-s {]Xn-tcm-[n-m Fgpq-tdm-fw t]-c-S-p- ap-kv-enwI-sf Dlv-Zv a-e-bp-sS Xm-gvhm-c-n k-o-Icnp-sIm-v Am-lp-hn `-c-ta-npsIm-v {]-hm-NI bp-w Xp-Sn.
bp--n-s B-Zy-L--n ap-kvenw
ssk\yw i-am-b ap-t-w \S-n;
i-{Xp-]-s ]-e {]-ap-Jcpw \n-ew-]Xnp. B-Z-i k-a-c-n i-{Xp-hn-s\
]-cm-P-b-s-Sp-p-Itbm bp-`q-an-bn acn-p-ho-gp-Itbm sN-W
- s
- a- D-Samb A-`n-hm-RvP
- t- bm-sS ac-Ww acWw'' F-p hn-fn-p-]-dp-sIm-v bp-cwK-v B-th-it- m-sS ap-tdn-b
ap-kv-enw-I-fp-sS A-km-am-\yam-b [o-c-X
I--tXm-sS i-{Xp-ssk-\y-n-\v B-hn-izm-kw \--sp.(36) X- sIm-ph--sXmw D-t]-np-sIm-v a-m apivcn-p-I tXm-tm-Sn-bt- m ap-kve
- nw-

]uc-mv ASn-m-\-]c-amb Av Ah-Im-i-fp-spw Ah kwc-np-hm-\m-h-iy-amb \nb-a-fmWv Ckvemw aptmp-sh-p--sXpw IzpB-\nepw lZo-Yp-I-fn-epap amK-\ntZi-fpsS shfn--n Ahbn\nv \nb-a-
\n[-cnv hni-Zo-I-cn
Ia-imkv{X ]n-X-m
hy-am-n-bn-p-v. aXw,
Poh, a\-v, A`n-am-\w,
kzv Fo Av ASnm\ Imcy--fpsS kwc-W-amWv \nb-a-ns
[aw.

2013 P\phcn

22

D-lv-Zv bp--n-\p-th-n ssk-\y-s k--amp-tm X-s Xm-gvh-c-bn-ep- sNdn-b a-e-bvp-ap-I-fn i-{Xp-hn-s ]n-n-\n-p- B-{IaW-s {]Xn-tcm-[n-p-I-sb- e-y-tm-sS Apm-ln-_v-\p Pp-ss_-dns t\-Xr-Xz-n Hcp Iq-w A-s-bv-p-Im-sc \n-p-Ibpw ap-kv-enwI P-bn-p-Itbm tXm-p-Itbm F-pX-s
kw-`-hn-mepw {]-hm-N-I\n-tZ-i-anm-sX A-hn-sS\n-v t]m-I-cp-sX-v \n-tZ-in-p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xncpp. Fm-hcpw bp--ap-X-ep-I hm-cn-q-p--Xv
I--tm A-h t\-Sn-sb-Sp-m-\m-bn {]-hm-N-I
\n-tZ-iw A-h-K-Wn-p-Ibpw t\-Xr-Xz-s [n--cnp-Ibpw sN-bvXp-sIm-v A-s-bv-p-I-m Nn-e
a-e-ap-I-fn-\n-v C-d-nb-Xv bp--n-s K-Xn Xncn-p-hn-p (37) a-map-ivcn-p-I-fp-sS ssk\yw {]kvXp-X a-e-bv-p ap-I-fn Ib-dn ]n-n-eq-sS B-{Ian--tm bp--ap-X-ep-I-fm-Ip- `uXn-I k--ns ti-J-c-W-n ap-gp-h {i-bpw tI-{o-I-cnn-cp- ap-kv-enw-I-fp-sS A-Sn-]-Xdn. bp--n-s am\-kn-Im-h
b
- n-\n-v hn-`h
- t- i-Jc
- W
-
- n-s am\-kn-Im-h--bn-te-v B-]-Xn- ap-kv-enw-I-v
hen-b ]-cm-P-b-am-Wv D-lv-Zv aq-e-ap-m-bXv. ap-l-Zv
\_nbp-sS Xe-v ]-cn-p-]n; I-hn--S-n
ap-dn-th-p; Ip-gn-bn hoWp; ]p s]mn;
\_nbp-sS i-co-c-n-\npw c-w [m-c-[m-c-bmbn H-gpIn; ap-l-Zv \_n h-[n--s-p-sh-
{]-Nm-c-W-ap-mbn. C-Xv ap-kvenw ssk-\y-n-s
B--hn-izm-kw sI-Spn; ]-e-cpw bp--cw-K-p-\nv ]n-n-cn-tmSn;(38) \_np Nppw he-bw
Xop-sIm-v A-t-l-n-\p-t\-sc h-cp- B-{Ia-W-sf {]Xn-tcm-[n-m [o-ccm-b Nn-e ap-kv-enwI X-m-dmbn. A-h-cp-sS \o-- aq-ew Jp-ssdin-I bp--cw-Kw hnp-t]mbn. ap-kv-enw-I-v hn- \m-i-\-- hn-X- D-lv-Zv bp--n {]hm-N-I ]n-Xr-hy\m-b lw-kbS-w F-gp]-Xv apkv-enw-I c--km-n-I-fmbn. a-cn-p-ho-W-h-cp-sS
i-co-cw ]n-f-v I-c-sf-Sp-v I-Sn-p N-h-p-Xp-nbpw
A-hb
- h
-
- A-cn-s-Sp-v am-eb
- m-n-bW
- n-v
\r-a
- m-Snbpw C-kve
- m-an- t- \mSpw ap-kve
- nw-It- fm-Sp-ap ]-I Xo-p-I-bm-Wv a-map-ivcn-p-I sN-bvX-Xv.(39) A-\p-k-c-W-tSpw `u-Xn-I-hn-`h--tfm-Sp B-k-n-bp-am-Wv D-lv-Zn-se ]-cm-P-b-n-\v Im-cW-sapw A-sXm-cp ]-co--W-am-bn a-\-n-em-n
hn-izm-k-]-cam-b \-h-Pm-K-c-W-n-\v ap-kvenw k-aqlw k--am-I-W-sapw hy--am-n-sm-v A-hX-cn-n--s--sX-v hym-Jym-Xm- ]-d- IzpB h-N-\--fp-sS km-cw {i-n-pI:
""Amlphns A\paXn {]Imcw \nfhsc
sImsmSpnsmncptm \ntfmSp

Amlphns hmKvZm\n Ah
kXyw ]mennpv. Fm \n
`ocpXzw ImWnpIbpw,
Imcy\nhlWn At\ym\yw
]nWpIbpw, \n CjvSsSp
t\w Amlp \nv
ImWnpXXn\v tijw \n
A\pkcWtSv ImWnpIbpw
sNbvXtmgmWv (Imcy
\nsXncmbXv) \nfn
CltemIseyamphcpv.
]ctemIs eyamphcpw
\nfnepv. A\cw \nsf
]conphm\mbn Ahcn
(i{Xpfn) \nv \nsf Amlp
]nncnnpIfp. Fm
Amlp \nv amv
Xncnpp. Amlp
kXyhnizmknItfmSv HuZmcyw
ImWnph\mIpp.
Bscbpw Xncnv t\mmsX
\n (]Sfn\np)
HmSnbdnbncp k`w (HmpI.)
dkq ]nn \nv \nsf
hnfnppmbncpp. As\
Amlp \np ZpxJn\pta
ZpxJw {]Xn^eambn \In.
\jvSspt]mIp t\ns
t]cntem, \nsf _m[np
B]ns t]cntem \n
ZpxJnphm
CShcmXncnpXn\pthnbmWnXv.
\n {]hnpXns\n
Amlp kqvaambn
Adnbph\mIpp. ]noSv B
ZpxJn\p tijw Amlp
\nsmcp \n`bXzw AYhm
abw Cdnp. B abw
\nfn Hcp hn`mKs
s]mXnbpIbmbncpp. thsd Hcp
hn`mKamIs kzw
tZlsfnbp Nnbm
AkzkvYcmbncpp. Amlpsh ]n
Ah [cnncpXv kXyhncpamb
A\nkvemanI [mcWbmbncpp.
Ah ]dbpp: Imcyn \apv
h kzm[o\hpaptm?
(\_ntb) ]dbpI: Imcysamw
Amlphns A[o\nemIpp.
\ntmSh shfnsSppXm
astm a\pIfn Ah Hfnp

]o-Un-X-cp-sS tam-N-\-n\p-th-n bp-w sNt-Xv C-kveman-I cm{-n-s I-S-a-bm-sW Xn-cn--dn-hn-\n-m-Wv


{]-hm-N-I-\p-ti-jw A-\pN-c-am \-bn- bp--sfmw D-m-bXv. a-Xn-s t]-cn-ep- aZ\w Cm-sX-bm-pIbpw B-scbpw `-b-sSm-sX C-kvem-an-Im-Z-i{]-Im-cw Po-hn-m-\m-hp A-h- kw-Pm-X-amp-Ibpw sN-p-I-sb e-y-am-bn-cp-p A-hbv-v ]n-n-ep-m-bn-cpXv.

2013 P\phcn

23

shpp. Ah ]dbpp: Imcyn \apv


h kzm[o\hpapmbncppshn \mw ChnsS
shv sImsSpambncpn.
(\_ntb) ]dbpI: \n kzw hoSpIfn
Bbncpm t]mepw sImsSm
hn[nsh X acnphogp
kvYm\fntev (kzbw) ]pdsv
hcpambncpp. \nfpsS a\pIfnepXv
Amlp ]condnbphm thnbpw,
\nfpsS lrZbfnepXv
ipoIcnsSpphm thnbpamWnsXmw.
a\pIfnepsXmw Adnbph\mIpp
Amlp. cp kwL Gpapnb Znhkw
\nfpsS Iqn \nv ]nncnv
HmSnbhsc XfpsS Nne sNbvXnI
ImcWambn ]nimNv hgnsXnpIbmWpmbXv.
Amlp Ahv amp\Inbncnpp.
Xobmbpw Amlp Gsd s]mdpph\pw
kl\ioe\pamIpp.'' (3:152-155)
DlvZv bpspdnv ]cm-ain-p lZoYp-Ifpw Cmcyw hy-am-p-p-v. A-_q-lm-knan-\nv: D-lv-Zv bp--\m-fn \-_n-t- ]-cnn-s\-n k-lvep-_v-\p k-Av-Zv A-m-C-Zn-tbm-Sv
Btcm A-t\z-jn-p-Xv A-t-lw tIp. A-tm
A-t-lw ]dp: \-_n-bp-sS apJ-v ]-cn-tp.
ap-]n-sbpw tIm-n-s-bpw C-S-bn-ep- ]v
s]m-n-tmbn. X-e-bn-ep-m-bn-cp- D-cpp-sXm-n
X-Ip. \-_n-bp-sS ]p{Xn ^m-Xzn-a A-t-l-ns c-w I-gp-In-sm-Sp-p. A-en ]-cn-N-sIm-v
sh-w H-gnp-sIm-Spp. sh-w H-gn-p-tm cw [m-cm-f-am-bn H-gp-Ip--Xm-bn I--Xn-\m ^mXzn-a H-cp ]m-b-j-Ww I-cn-v Nm-c-am-n ap-dn-hn

sh-p-sIn. A-s\ c--sam-gp-v \ne-p.(41)


A-\-kn-\n-v: D-lp-Zv bp--Znhkw \-_n-bp-sS ap-]n-sbpw tImn-sbpw C-S-bn-ep- ]v s]m-ntmbn. Xe-v ap-dn-thp. A-Xn-\n-v
c-w Xp-S
- p-\o-n-sm-n-cp-t- m
A-hn-Sp-v C-s\ ]d-p: X-sf
Am-lp-hn-te-v -Wnp-sIm-n-cnp-tm X--fp-sS {]-hm-NI-s Xev ap-dn-th-]n-p-Ibpw A-t-l-ns ap-]n-sbpw tIm-n-sbpw CS-bn-ep- ]v s]m-n-p-Ibpw sNbv-X
P-\-X F-s\ hn-P-bn-m-\m-Wv?' Atm Amlp Cu kq-w A-h-X-cnnp: "\-_ntb, Im-cy-n-s Xo-cp-am-\n \n\-v H-cp A-h-Im-i-hp-an.'
(B-ep-Cw-dm: 128)(42)
D-lv-Zv bp--n-s Xp-S--bm-bn \-S lw-dm-D Ak-Zv bpw, \-Pv-Zn-se
_-\q-ap-lm-cn_v, _-\q Y-Av-e_ tKm-{X a-Zo-\-sb B-{I-anm-s\m-cp-p-ps-v A-dn--tm A-h-s-Xn-sc
\-Snb ssk\n-I \o-am-b Zm-pcn-Jm-Av bp-w,(44) D-lv-Zn Jp-ssd-inIsf k-lm-bn-p-Ibpw A-Xn-p-ti-jw
\_n sb B-{I-an-m ]--Xn-I
B-kq-{X-Ww sN-p-Ibpw sN-bvX
- h
- s-Xn-sc \-Sn-b _-\q-ap-kv-Xz-en-Jv
bpw,(45) F-o ssk\n-I \-S-]-Sn-Ip-ti-j-am-Wv {]-kn-am-b J-ZJv bpw \-S-Xv. \m-n Ip-g--ap-m-p-Xn\pw {]-hm-NI-s\ h-[n-p--Xn\pw
{i-an- PqX tKm-{X--fm-b _\q-ssJ-\pJm-Dw _-\q-\Z- odpw \m-Sp-IS-
- s
- -tm a-Zo-\-s-Xn-sc-bp- a-m ap-ivcnp-If
- p-sS KqVm-tem-N\
- I
- f
- n A-h
Iq-Sn ]-m-fn-If
- m-bX
- m-Wv JZ-Jv bpn-\v \n-an--am-b-Xv.(46) a--bn-se
Jp-ssd-in-Ifpw ssJ-_-dn-se Pq-X-amcpw 42 hy-Xykv-X Ad-_v tKm-{X-fpw
H-sm-cp-an-v \S-nb aZo-\-s-Xn-scbp apt-s {]Xn-tcm-[n-p-hm\mbn {]-hm-N-\pw A-\p-bm-bn-Ifpw
Iq-Sn Ip-gn- In-S-n-\v (J-ZJv) C-cp-hipw A-Wn-\n-c--h X-n \Snb t]m-cm-a
- m-bX
- n-\m-em-Wv C-Xn-\v
JZ-Jv bpw F-v t]-cp-h--Xv.(47) ]Xn-\m-bn-cw t]-cp-sm-p- hen-b
k-JyI-n ssk-\y-s a-Zo-\-bn-te-v
I-S-m A-\p-h-Zn-m-sX {]Xn-tcm-[np-\n-m, C-cp]-Xv Znh-kw hn-ipw

ap-kv-enw-I-v h-n-
\m-i-\-- hn-X- Dlv-Zv bp--n {]-hmN-I ]n-Xr-hy\m-b lwkbS-w F-gp]-Xv
ap-kv-enw-I c--kmn-I-fmbn. a-cn-p-hoW-h-cp-sS i-co-cw ]n-fn I-c-sf-Sp-v I-Snp N-h-p-Xp-nbpw Ah-b-h- A-cn-s-Spv am-e-bm-n-b-Wnv
\r--am-Snbpw C-kv-em-a- nt\mSpw ap-kv-enw-I-tfmSp-ap- ]-I Xo-p-Ibm-Wv a-map-ivcn-pI sN-bv-X-Xv.

2013 P\phcn

Zm-lhpw k-ln-v ITn-\m-[zm-\w sN-bv-Xm-Wv apkvenw ssk-\yw In-S-v \n-an--Xv.(48) In-S-p-\nam-W-s-p-dn-v ]-cm-a-in-p- l-Zo-Yp-I
t\mp-I:
A-\-kn-\nv: \-_n J-Z-Jn-te-v ]p-ds-p. A-tm ap-lm-Pn-dp-Ifpw A-kzm-dp-Ifpw
X-Wp- {]-`m-X-n InS-v Ip-gn-p-I-bm-bncpp. A-X-h-v sN-bvXp-sIm-Sp-m A-h-v
A-Sn-a-I-fp-m-bn-cp-n. A-h-cp-sS o-Whpw hnipw I--tm \-_n ]mSn: Am-lpth, ]m-c{Xn-I Po-hn-X-am-Wv b-YmY Po-hnXw. B-b-Xn-\m,
A-kzm-dp-Ipw ap-lm-Pn-dp-Ipw \o s]mdpp-sIm-Sp-tWta'. A-tm {]-Xn-h-Nnp-sIm-h ]m-Sn: Po-hn-n-cn-p- Im-e-tm-fw t]m-cmSm-sa-v ap-l-Zv \_n-tbm-Sv A-\pk-c-W {]-Xn sN-bvX
- h
- c
- m-Wv R!'
A-\-kn-\n-p-Xs: A-kzm-dp-Ifpw aplm-Pn-dp-Ifpw a-Zo-\-p-Nppw InS-v Ip-gn-p-Ibpw
ap-Xp-In a-v Npa-v \o-p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. X-Zhk-cw A-h C-s\ ]m-Sn-sm-n-cp-p: Po-hnn-cn-p- Im-et- m-fw ap-kvenw-If
- m-bn-cn-p-sa-v
ap-l-Zv \-_n-tbm-Sv I-cm sN-bv-X-h-cm-Wv
R'. C-Xn \-_n {]-Xn-I-cnp-sIm-v ]m-Snsm-n-cpp: Am-lp-th ]-c-tem-I \--bmsX a-sm-cp \--bn. B-b-Xn-\m, A-kzm-dpIpw ap-lm-Pn-dp-Ipw \o A-\p-{K-lw sNm-cntbW-ta!'(49)
_-dm-C-\nv: A-lv-km-_v bp--th-f-bn \_n a-v \o-p-Xv Rm Ip. A-t-l-ns D-Z-c-n-se sh--\n-dw a-v a-d-n-cp-p. X-Z-hkcw, A-t-lw C-s\ ]m-Sn-sm-n-cp-p: Amlpth, \o Cm-bn-cp-p-sh-n R- k-m-KnI-fm-Ip-am-bn-cp-n, Zm-\w sN-p-am-bn-cp-n, \-a-

24

kv-I-cn-p-am-bn-cp-n, B-b-Xn-\m,
\o R--fn k-am-[m-\w h-jn-n-tWta, i-{Xp-sf I-p-ap-p-I-bm-sWn R--fp-sS ]m-Z-sf \o D-d-n-p\n-t-Wta. A-h R--sf A-{I-ann-cn-pp. A-h Ipg-w D-m-m
D-t-in-m A-Xn-\v R- k--XnpsIm-Sp-n'.(50)
]p-Xn-b bp--X-{-n-\v ap-n kJytk-\ ]-I-p-\n-s-nepw a-Zo-\-bn
_m-n-bp-m-bn-cp- PqX tKm-{Xam-b
_-\qJp-ssd-Z-m-sc kzm-[o-\n-v \m-n-\I-p-\n-v I-em-]-ap-m-n X--\p-Iq-eam-b km-lN
- c
- y-ap-m-m-\p-
A-_q-kp-^vbm-s ]-cn-{i-a- hn-P-bn-se-n-t-cp-sa- A-h--bpmbn. {]-hm-N-I-\pw ap-kv-enw-Ifpw
G-sd {]-bm-k-s- k--`-am-bn-cp-p
AXv. C-c-sam-cp A-h-k-c-n PqX-am a-Zo-\
- I
-
- p-\n-v i-{Xp-sf
k-lm-bn-m aZo-\mcm-{-n-s kqW-\m-i
- n-\m-Wv A-Xv \n-an-a
- mhp-I-sb-Xn-\m F-p ho-p-hogv-N
sN-bvXpw Pq-X-am-cp-am-bn k-n sNm {]-hm-NI k---\mbn. apl-Zv \_n bp-sSbpw C-kv-em-ansbpw k-qW-\m-iw kz-]v-\w I-
_-\qJp-ssd-Z PqX tKm-{Xw {]-hm-N-IhmKv-Zm-\-sf Im-n ]d-n \m-Sn-s\
Hp-sIm-Sp-m X-s Xo-cp-am-\n-p-shnepw A-h-cp-sS ]--Xn-If, Am-lphn-s X-{-am-Wv hn-P-bn-Xv. bp-n i-{X-]--m-bn-cp \-Cu-ap-_v\p ap-kvenw F- K-Xv-^m tKm-{X-mc C-kvemw kzo-I-cn-Xv bp--n-s
K-Xn amn. Xm ap-kven-amb-Xv a-d-pshp-sIm-v Pq-X-am-sc-bpw Jp-ssd-inI-sfbpw X-n `n-n-n-p-hm-\m-bp-
A-t-l-n-s X{w hn-P-bnp. iam-b Impw X-Wppw Imc-Ww Iq-SpX Im-ew In-S-n-\-p-dw \n-m-\mhm-sX k-JyI-n ssk\yw bp--cw-Kp-\n-v ]n-amdn. Im-cyam-b bp-sampw \-S-n-s-n-epw, In-S-n-\v Ccp-h-ipw A-Wn-\n-cp-sIm-p- As-bv-p-I-fn B-dv ap-kv-enw-Ifpw aqv i-{Xp-fpw a-c-W-s-p.(51) B--cnIhpw _m-ly-hpam-b i-{Xp-sf Htcka-bw t\-cn-tS-n h- J-Z-Jn-s
k--`-s-p-dn-v hy--am-p-
Izp-B kq-- A-Xn-s `oI-c-X

hy-a
- m-p-p-v.

]ucam-cpsS ASnm-\h-Im-i-
kwc-n-t-Xv `cWm-[n-Im-cn-bpsS Dc-hm-Zn--am-Wv. kam-[\-]qW-amb amK ]cm-P-b-s-Sptm Cm-cy-n-\pthn A\n-hm-cy-san Bbp-[-sa-Sp-W-sa-p-X-s-bmWv
Ckvemw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnI-tfmSv A\p-im-kn-p-Xv. bpw Pnlm-Zm-bno-cp-Xv Ccw
kml-N-cy--fn-em-Wv.

2013 P\phcn

25

kXyhnizmknItf, \nfpsS ASpv


Ipsd ssk\y hcnIbpw, Atm AhcpsS
t\sc Hcp Impw, \n ImWm
ssk\ytfbpw AbpIbpw sNbvX
k`n Amlp \nv sNbvXp X
A\p{Klw \n HmanpI. Amlp \n
{]hnpXv Idnbph\mIpp.
\nfpsS apI`mKp IqSnbpw \nfpsS
Xmgv`mKp IqSnbpw Ah \nfpsS ASp
h k`w. ZrjvSnI sXntmIpIbpw,
lrZb sXmbnsepIbpw, \n
Amlpshn ]e [mcWIfpw [cnv
t]mIpIbpw sNbvXncp k`w. AhnsS shv
hnizmknI ]consSpIbpw Ah
InSpInsS hndnsSpIbpw sNbvXp. \tmSv
Amlphpw Ahs ZqX\pw hmKvZm\w sNbvXXv
h\ am{XamsWv I]ShnizmknIfpw
lrZbfn tcmKaphcpw ]dbpIbpw
sNbvXncp k`w. bYvcn_pImtc! \np
\nnbn. AXn\m \n
aSnfbq. Fv Ahcn Hcp hn`mKw
]dbpIbpw sNbvX k`w. RfpsS hoSpI
`{ZXbnmXmIpp Fv ]dp sImv
Ahcn Hcp hn`mKw (bpcwKw hnpt]mIm)
\_ntbmSv A\phmZw tXSpIbpw sNpp.
bYmYn Ah `{ZXbnmX. Ah
HmSnfbm Dtinppshv am{Xw. AXns
(aZo\bpsS) hnhn[ `mKfneqsS (i{Xp)
AhcpsS ASpv ISp sNpIbpw, Fnv
(apkvenwIsXncn) Ipgapmm
AhtcmSv BhiysSpIbpamsWn AhcXv
sNbvXp sImSppXmWv. AhcXn\v Xmakw
hcppIbpan. Ipdv am{XamsX. (IzpB

33:914)
J-Z-Jn-sh-v k-Jy-I-n-I \ncm-it- bm-sS Xn-cnp-t]m-bX
- n-\p-ti-ja
- mWv {]-hm-NI C-s\ {]-Jym-]n-Xv.
kp-sse-am-\p-_v-\p kzp-d-Zn-\nv:
A-lv-km-_v Zn-\-n \-_n ]dp:
C-\n ap-X \mw A-h-tcm-Sv bp-w sNpw. A-h \-tm-Sv bp-n-s\m-cp-sSp-I-bn.(52)
cm-{-X{- -\m-b t\-Xm-hn-s {]Jym-]-\-am-Wv \-ap-v Cu {]-hm-N-I hN-\--fn Im-Wm I-gn-bp-Xv. i-{Xp aZo-\m cm-Py-t-v I-S
- ph-v
A-hn-sS-bp-h-sc sIm-sm-Sp-p-Ibpw
cm-Py-k-v sIm-b
- S- n-p-Ibpw \m-Sns\ X-I-p-Ibpw sN-p--Xn-\v k-Xn-m-sX A-h-cp-sS tI-{--fn t]mbn B-{I-an-p-I-bpw a-Zo-\-bp-sS kp-cn-XXzw D-d-p-h-cp-p-Ibpw sN-p-Isb- X-{-am-Wv C-Xn-\p-ti-j-ap- {]hm-N-I bp---fn-semw Im-Wm I-gnbp-Xv. {]-Xym-{I-a-W-n-eq-sS kz-w
\m-Sn-s\ {]Xn-tcm-[n-p-I-sb- X-{w.
A-Xn-v B-Zy-am-bn kz-w \m-Sn-\Is B-c
- n-Ii
- {- Xp-sf am-Xr-Im-]cam-bn D-aqe-\w sN-t-X
- p-m-bncpp, {]-hm-N-I\v. A-\p-k-c-W-bp-
{]-PI
- f
- m-bn Po-hn-m-sa-v B-h-n-v
I-cm sN-p-Ibpw bp--k--`-n
Iq-dp-am-dp-Ibpw sN-bv-X _-\qJp-ssd-Zm-sc D-aqe-\w sN-bvXp-sIm-v B-cn-Ii
- {- Xp--s-Xn-sc I-i\
- am-b
\-S]
- S- n-If
- m-Wv kzo-Ic
- n-s
- -Sp-Is
- b-v
I-]-S-hn-izm-kn-I-f-S--ap- aZo-\ ]uc-am-sc t_m-[y-s-Sp-p-I-bm-Wv {]hm-NI sN-bv-X-Xv.(53)
aZo-\mcm-{-s X-I-m KqVmtem-N-\-I \-S-p-h-tcm-Sv A-h Ctm-v B-{I-an-p--Xn-\v ap-v A-h-cpsS tI-{--fn t]m-bn B-{I-an-p-Isb- {]Xn-tcm-[ X-{w {]-Jym-]n-s--Xn-\p-ti-jhpw im-nbpw k-am-[m\hpw \n-e-\n-m G-Xp-hn-[-n-ep hn-p-ho-gv-N-bvpw {]-hm-N-I k--\m-bn-cp-p-sh-v hy-a
- m-p-X
- mWv lp-ssZ_n-b kn. k-Xy-\n-tj-[nI k-am-[m-\-n-te-v Nmb-hv Im-Wnm {]-hm-N-I-\pw k-am-[m-\-n-\v
k---\m-I-W-sa- Izp-B \n-tZiw {]-tbm-Kh
- X
- v
- c
- n-s
- -Sp-Ib
- m-Wv

_Zvdv bpns
Xtev cm{Xn AhnsS
ag hjnp. _lpssZ-hm-cm-[-Iv A-Xv
ISp t]am-cn-bmbn
amdn-b-tm apkvenwIv Ah-cpsS B-eky-n\nv
DWp-Xpw
ss]im-NnI amen-\y-n\nv ipNo-I-cn-p-Xp-amb Ipfna-gbmbn AXp- `-hnp.
ap-kvenw-I-fpsS {]tZiv aW Ddv ]mZ Dd-n-m-hp
A-h-bpw sIhp.
XpSv apkvenw
ssk\yw _Zvdnse Pemi- b
- -
- n \v k-ao-]-ambn
X-Snp.

2013 P\phcn

26

lp-ssZ_n-b k-n-bn D-m-bXv. lnPv-d Bdmw


h-j-n Dw-d \n-h-ln-m-\m-bn a--bn-te-v
]p-d-s- {]-hm-N-I\pw B-bn-c-n-Aq-tdm-fw hcp- A-\p-N-c-amcpw h-gn-bn-ep- lp-ssZ-_n-bbn sh-v X-S-b-s--Xn-t\m-S-\p-_-n-v D-mnb I-cm-dm-Wv lp-ssZ_n-b k-n F--dn-b-s-SpXv. "]-p-h-jw C-cp-hn-`m-Khpw ]-c-kv]-cw bpw sN-m ]m-Sn'sb- k-am-[m-\--cm-dn-\p-thn G-I-]-o-b-am-bn Jp-ssd-in-I-v A-\p-Iq-esa-v H--t\m--n tXm-p-, {]-hm-N-Im-\p-N-cam-cS-w {]-Xn-tj-[n- I-cm hy-h--I Aw-KoI-cn-m ap-l-Zv \_n k---\mbn-.(54) D-adns\ t]m-se-bp- {]-hm-N-Im-\p-N-c-am
t]mepw i-am-b {]-Xn-tj-[-a-dn-bn- I-cm-dn-s\p-dn-mWv "Xo--bmbpw \n-\-v {]-Xy-am-b Hcp hnP-bw \-In-bn-cn-p-p-'(48:1)sh-v Am-lp
]-d--sX-v Izp-B hym-Jym-Xm- hy--amn-bn-p-v.(55)
lp-ssZ_n-b k-n kr-n- k-am-[m-\-Im-em-Wv A-b-\m-Sp-If
- n-se `-cW
- m-[n-Im-cn-I-v
Ah-sc C-kvem-an-te-v -Wnp-sIm-v {]-hmNI I-p-I-f-b-Xv;(56) A-b-{]-tZ-i--fn-tev B-Z-i{]-t_m-[-\-n-\m-bn A-\p-N-c-am-sc
]-d--b-Xpw C-m-e-p-Xs. a-m ap-ivcn-pI-fp-am-bn k-am[m-\ k-n-bp-m-n-b-ti-jw h-Icm-b Pq-X-am-s-Xn-sc i-am-b \-S]
- S- n-I
kzo-I-cn-p-I-bm-Wv {]-hm-NI sN-bv-XXv. a-Zo\m cm-{-n-\n-v ]p-d
- m-s
- -Xn-\p-ti-jw
ssJ-_-dn H-cp-an-v tN-v a-Zo-\-sbbpw Ckveman-I k-aq-l-sbpw X-I-m {i-anp-sIm-n-cp Pq-X-am-s-Xn-sc 1600 t] A-Snb ssk\y-tm-sS \-Sn-b ]-S-tbm--am-Wv 'A-h-cp-sS \mSp-I-fn t]m-bn \mw bp-w sN-pw' F- {]-hm-NI {]-Jym-]-\-n-s B-Zy-s {]-tbm-K-h-Xv-cWw. ssJ-_-dn h-p \-S- i-am-b bp-n ap-kv-enw-I hn-P-bn-p.(57) 93 Pq-X-am-cpw 15

Ibpw A-Xp-am-bn sN- ZqX-s\ h-[n-p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm-v C-kveman-t\mSpw {]-hm-NI-\psa-Xnsc-bp- im-{X-hw ]-c-ky-am-bn {]-Jym-]n--tm
A-t-l-n-s\-Xn-sc ssk\n-I \-S-]-Sn-sb-Sp-p-Ibm-sX \n-hm-l-an-s- A-h--bp-mbn.(62)
lnPv-d Fmw h-jw {]-hm-NI ]-d--b- apm-bn-cw ap-kv-enw-I tdm-am-m-cp-am-bn \-Snb
t]m-cm--am-Wv ap-Av-Xz bp-w F--dn-b-s-Sp-Xv.(63)
aq-v tk-\m-\m-b-I-cS-w ]-{-v t] c--kmn-I-fm-b Cu bp--n-s K-Xn ap-kv-enw-I-v
F-Xn-cm-bn Xo-X
- n-\m ssk\n-I t\-Xr-Xz-ta-sSp- Jm-en-Zp-_v-\p h-eoZv X-{-]-c-am-bn bp-cw-K-p-\n-v ]n-am-dp-I-bm-Wv sN-bv-X-Xv.(64)

ap-kv-enw-Ifpw a-c-W-s- bp--tm-sS


ssJ-_ ap-kvenw-I-fp-sS A-[o-\-X-bn
hpshnepw(58) A-hn-Sp-s b-lq-Zam-cp-sS B-hi
- y- Aw-Ko-Ic
- n-m
\_n k---\m-bn. ^-e-`q-bn-am-b
ssJ-_-dn-se `q-an ]-cn-]m-en-p-I-bpw
Ir-jn sN-bv-Xp h-cp-am-\-ap-m-p-Ibpw
sN-m X-sf A-\p-hZ- n-W
- s
- a-
blq-Z B-hiyw D-Xv-]--n-s ]-Ip-Xn
ap-kvenw-If
- pam-bn ]
-
- p-hb
- v
- W
- s
- a-
hy-h--bn Aw-Ko-I-cn--sp.(59)
ssJ-_-dn-\n-v ]mT-ap-sm- ^-ZIzn-sebpw X-bva
- m-Cs
- ebpw Pq-X-am
\_nbpambn kam-[m-\--cm-dntes--tm hmZn Jpd-bnse
PqXam A-{I-a
- n-s am-Ka
- m-Wv
ssI-sm-Xv. AXp-sIm-pX-s Ah-s-Xn-sc ssk\n-I \-S-]-Sn-bpmbn; A-h ]-cm-P-b-s--tm kzw `q-an-bn- Ir-jn sN-m X-sf
A-\p-h-Zn--W-sa- Pq-X-am-cp-sS Bhiyw Aw-Ko-Ic
- n-p-Ib
- m-Wv {]-hm-NI
sN-bv-X-Xv.(60)
tdm-an-se ssIk, kn-dn-b-bn-se Inkv-d, A-_v-ko-\n-b-bn-se \-min, CuPn-]v-Xn-se ap-Ju-Jnkv, Z-a-kv-I-kn-se
lm-cnkv, _lv-ssd-\n-se ap-Zn, kn-dnb A-Xn-n-bn-se K-m, _p-kv-dmbn-se A-ao, b-am-a-bn-se lu-Z, H-am\n-se A-ao F-n-h-v {]-hm-NI
Ab- C-kvem-an-te-v -WnpsIm-p- I-p-I-v hy-Xykv-X coXn-bn-ep- {]-Xn-Ic
- W
-
- f
- m-Wp-m-bXv.(61) tdm-am N-{I-h-n-bp-sS Io-gn
`c-Ww \-S-n-bn-cp- K-m cm-Pm-hv
{]-hm-NIs I-n-s\ A-h-tl-fn-p-

cv IpXn-c-Ifpw Fgp]Xv H-I-fpw apqdn-e-[nIw t]cp-a-Sp apl-Zv \_nbpsS t\Xr-Xz-nep apkvenw


ssk\yhpw \qdn-e[nIw IpXn-c-Ifpw \nch[n H-I-fpw Bbnc-n-ap-q-tdmfw
hcp kmbp-[-k-cp-a-S-p A_q-P-lvens t\Xr-Xz-nep Jpssdio
ssk\yhpw Xn-emWv
_Zvdn Gp-ap-n-b-Xv.

2013 P\phcn

27

lp-ssZ_n-b k-n-bn-se hy-h--I ]m-enp--Xn ho-gv-N-h-cp-n-b ap-ivcn-p-I-s-Xn-sc


\-S ssk\n-I \-S-]-Sn-bm-Wv a-m hn-P-b-am-bn ]cn-W-an-Xv. lnPv-d Fmw h-jw d-a-Zm-\n ]-Xn-\mbn-c-tm-fw h-cp- ap-kv-enw-I-fp-sS ssk\yw a-nbn-te-v am-v sN-bvXp. N-cn-{X-n Xp-ey-Xbnm- H-cp c--cln-X hn--h-n-\v a- hn-t[b-ambn. Jp-ssd-in t\-Xm-hm-bn-cp- A-_q-kp-^vbm\S-w ]-ecpw ap-kv-enw-I-fmbn. {]-hm-NI-s\ ]oUn-n-p-Ibpw P-a-\m-n-\n-v ]p-d-m-p-I-bpw
A-\p-N-c-am-sc {Iq-c-am-bn sIm-e-s-Sp-p-Ibpw
sN-bv-X-h D-sm-p- a--m-v {]-hmNI \n-cp-]m-[n-Iw am-p \-In.(65) I-Av-_m-eb-n-\I-v ]n-me-v m-]n--s- ap-q-n
A-dp]-Xv in-emhn-{K-l--fpw \o-w sN-bv-Xv ip-oI-cn-p-Ibpw {km-hn-s\ am{Xw B-cm-[n-m-\m-bn
B-Zy-am-bn \n-n--s- -tK-l-n-\n-v kr-n]q-P-bp-sS Nn--sf ]p-d-m-p-Ibpw sN-bvXp.(66) a-m a-W-em-c-Wy-n sh-v {Iq-c-am-bn ]oUn-n--s- A-Sn-a-bm-bncp _n-emen-t\mSv Cu
a-lm-hn-Pb
-
- n-s {]-Jym-]\
- a
- m-bn I-Av_
- m-eb
- n-\v ap-I-fn Ib-dn _m-v hn-fn-m B-h-iysp-sIm-v a-mhn-Pb-s k-I-ehn-[ k-p-NnX-Xz--fp-sSbpw A-Sn-th-c-dp-p--Xn-\p- {]-Jym]-\-am-n-op.(67) a--m-smw s]m-Xp-amv \-In-sb-nepw h--Icpw sIm-Spw-{Iq-c-X-I
Im-Wn--h-cp-am-bn G-Xm\pw t]-s-Xn-sc \-S-]-SnI-sf-Spp-sIm-v Nn-e Ip-I
- r-Xy-t- fm-Sp- Ckvem-an-s \n-e-]m-Sv I--i-am-sW-v {]-hm-NI
a-m hn-P-b-tm-S-\p-_-n-v hy--am-n.(68)
a-m hn-P-b-tm-S-\p-_-n-v Jp-ssd-in-I
Io-gS-
- n-sb-nepw i-cm-b X-sf Io-gS-
- m-\mhn-s-v A-l--cn-p-Ibpw \_n s-Xn-cn ]S-sbm-cp-w \-S-p-Ibpw sNbv-X l-hm-ko tKm{X-sbpw Y-Jo-^v tKm-{X-sbpw {]Xn-tcm-[n-p-Xn-\p-th-n-bm-Wv lp-ss\-\n Xp-S-p-Ibpw
Xzm-C-^n A-h-km-\n-p-Ibpw sNbv-X bp-w \-SXv. am-en-p-_v\p Hu-^n-s t\-Xr-Xz-n hy-

Xy-kX
v-
- fmb tKm-{X-- kw-LS- n-v
ap-kv-enw-I-s-Xn-sc A-Wn-\n-c-p-psh-d
- n-t- m-gm-Wv ]-{-m-bn-cw t]c-S-p- h-n- H-cp ssk-\y-hp-am-bn
a-m hnP-bw I-gn-v c-v B-gv-N-Ip-ti-jw {]-hm-NI lp-ss\-\n-tev ]p-d-s--Xv.(69) F--s-cp-w kr-n a-Xn-pw C-{X henb ssk-\y-s Pbn-m Bpw km-[n-n-s- B-kw-Xr-]v-Xnbpw Am-lp-hn-s ]-co-W
- n-\v Im-cW
- a
- m-bn-sb-v IzpB hy--am-p-p.(70) C-Spn-b a-em-X-I-fn-eq-sS lp-ss\-\n-te-v \onb ap-kvenw ssk-\y-n-s t\-sc Xmgvh-c-I-fnepw Ip-p-I-fnepw H-fn-n-cp H-fn-tm-cm-fn-I \-Sn-b A-{]-Xon-Xam-b an--em-{Ia-Ww ap-kvenw-I-fpsS A-Wn-sb On--`n--amn. ap-kvenwI Nn-n-nX-dn \m-ep-`m-K-t-pw
HmSn. A-h--n-S-bn-eq-sS \-S-v 'Rm
\-_n-bm-Wv; I-\'; A-p-ap--en_n-s ]p-{X-\mWv' F-v {]-Jym-]npsIm-v ap-l--Zv \_n bp--cw-Kw hntm-Sp-h-sc Xn-cn-p-hn-fn-p.(71) A-tXmsS Am-lp-hn-s A-\p-{K-l-m apkv-enw-I-v ss[cyw e-`n-p-Ibpw bp-cwK-v k-Po-h-am-Ip-Ibpw sN-bvXp.
A-tXm-sS i-{Xp- tXm-tm-Sn.(72) Nn-e
Xzm-C^
- n-te-mWv Hm-Sn-tm-bXv. A-hnsS-bp tIm-I
- -I-v A`-bw tX-Snb-h-s-Xn-sc iv-am-b \-S-]-Sn-I-fp-ambn {]-hm-N-I-\pw A-\p-N-c-amcpw apt-dn-sb-nepw Ah-sc tIm-I
- -I
- p-\n-v ]p-dp-sIm-p-h-cm km-[nn.(73) lp-ss\ bp--n ]n-Sn-psh--s-h-sc X--pX-s Xn-cnp-Xc
- W
- s
- a-v bp-
- n ]-cm-Pb
- s
- -
l-hm-kn tKm-{X-m {]-hm-N-I-\p-Spv h-v B-h-iy-s--tm {]-hmNIA-Xv Aw-Ko-Ic
- n-p-Ib
- m-Wv sNbvX
- X
- v.(74)

"ssZhw ]mXn Xm
]mXn' F-Xn\v ]Icw
"X\nv sNm-\p-sXmw' sNbvXp-I-gn-tijw AXns
\ \nd ^e-n\mbn Am-lp-hn `cta]n-pI'sb
Xz-amWv Ckvemw
]Tn-n-p Xhpen ImX.

lpss\ bp-s-p-dn ]cmain-p Izp-B hN-\-


t\mpI: Xobmbpw [mcmfw (bp)
cwKfn Amlp \nsf
klmbnnpv. lpss\ (bp)
Znhknepw (klmbnp.) AXmbXv
\nfpsS Fscpw \nsf
BmZw sImnpIbpw Fm
AXv \nv bmsXmcp
{]tbmP\hpw DmmXncnpIbpw,
2013 P\phcn

28

`qanhnimeambnpw \nv
CSpnbXmhpIbpw, A\cw \n
]nncntmSpIbpw sNbvX k`w. ]noSv
Amlp Ahs ZqXpw kXyhnizmknIpw
Ahs ] \np a\am[m\w
CdnsImSppIbpw, \n ImWm Nne
ssk\ysf CdpIbpw, kXy\ntj[nIsf
Ah innpIbpw sNbvXp. AXs{X
kXy\ntj[nIp {]Xn^ew. (9:25-26)
A-td-_y D-]-`q-J--n-se {]-[m-\-s- {]tZ-i--sfmw C-kvem-an-\v Io-gn-em-hp-sa-v a-\-nem-b-tm, A-Xv {]Xn-tcm-[n-m-\m-bn tdm-am km{amPyw kmbp-[ ti-J-c-Whpw ssk\n-I hn-\ymkhpw \-S-n-b-tm(75) A-h-s-Xn-sc \-S- X_q-v bp--hpw \m-Sn-s\bpw B-Z-i-sbpw kw-cn-p--Xn-\p-th-n \-S--Xm-bn-cpp. ITn-\am-b
Nq-Sp-Im-e-m-Wv ap--Xn-\m-bn-cw ap-kvenw-I-fpsm-p- {]-hm-NI-s ssk-\yw X-_q-n-te-v
t]m-b-Xv.(76) \n-b-Zm-Vy-tm-sS h-cp- apkvenw
ssk-\y-n-s K-Xn I-v `-b tdm-a ssk\yw
X-_q-n-\n-v ]n-am-dn-b-Xn-\m bp-w \-Sn. {]-hm-NIt\-cn-v ]-s-Sp- A-h-km\s ssk-\n-I \o-hpw Im-cyam-b B-\m-i-samp-ap-m-Im-sX hn-Pb
-
- n-s ]m-XI
- D-b-p-Ibm-Wp-m-bX
- vF-Yw.(77) B-Z-i
- n-s A-Snm-\-n m-]n--s- H-cp cm-{-n-s t\Xm-hv F- \n-e-b-vp- X-s D--c-hm-Zn- \nh-l-W-amWv {]-hm-NI \-bn- bp---fnsemw \-ap-v Im-Wm I-gn-bp-Xv. ]u-c-am-cpsS Po-h\pw kz-pw A-`n-am-\hpw a-Xhpw kw-cn-p-I, \m-Sn-s kp-c- D-d-p-h-cp-p-I, Bcn-I i-{Xp-sf Cmbv-a sN-p-I, C-kv-em-an-ImZ-i-a-\p-k-cn-v Po-hn-m kzm-X-{y-ap- A-h Fm-bn-Spw \n-e-\n-p-p-v F-v D-d-ph-cpp-I F-n-s\ H-cp `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bp-sS D-ch
- m-Zn-
- f
- p-sS \n-hl
- W
-
- n-\v th-n-bm-Wv

{]-hm-NI bp-w sN-bv-XXv. a-bnepw a-v {]-tZ-i--fn-ep-samw ]o-U-\-f-\p-`-hn-p- ap-kv-enw-I-fp-sS tam-N\hpw A-h-v kz-X-{-am-bn C-kvemw
A-\p-[mh-\w sN-m I-gn-bp- A-h-bp-sS kw-m-]-\hpw {]-hm-N-I bp-f
- p-sS e-y-fn-sem-m-bn-cpp.
AXp-sIm-m-Wtm bp-
- n-\v Blzm-\w sN-p- IzpB B-b-v
C-s\ ]-d--Xv.
Amlphns amKn
\nspsImv bpw sNbvXp
IqSm? RfpsS cnXmth,
A{IanIfmb BfpI
A[nhknp Cu \mn \nv
Rsf \o tamNnnpIbpw, \ns
hIbmbn Hcp cm[nImcnsbbpw
\ns hIbmbn Hcp klmbnsbbpw
Rv \o \nivNbnv XcnIbpw
sNtWta. Fv {]mYnv
sImncnp a-ZnsmXps
]pcpjampw kv{XoIpw
IpnIpw thnbpw
(\nspsImv bpw sNbvXp
IqSm?) (4:75)
ap-kv-en-am-bn Po-hnmt\m A-Xn-\p
km-[n-p- \m-n-te-v ]m-emb-\w sNphmt\m a-m ap-iv cn-p-I A-\p-hZn-m--Xn-\m X--v c- \Im th-n {]mYnp-sIm-n-cp- a-bn-se ]o-Un-X-sc-p-dn-mWv Cu kq-n Zp-_-e-sc-v hn-ti-jn-n-n-cnp-Xv. C-cw Zp-_-e F-hn-sS-bps-nepw A-h-cp-sS tam-N-\-n-\p-thn B-h-iy-sa-n bp-w sN-t-Xv
C-kveman-I cm-{-n Po-hn-p--h-cpsS D--c-hm-Zn--amWv. a--bn-se Ccw Zp-_-e-cp-sS I-c-fp-cp-In-bp-
{]mY-\-I-fp-sS Iq-Sn ^-e-am-bn-cp-p am hn-Pbw. ]o-Un-X-cp-sS tam-N-\-n\p-th-n bp-w sN-t-Xv C-kvemanI cm-{-n-s I-S-a-bm-sW- Xn-cn--dnhn-\n-m-Wv {]-hm-N-I-\p-ti-jw A-\pN-c-am \-bn- bp---sfmw D-mbXv. a-X-n-s t]-cn-ep- a-Z\w
Cm-sX-bm-p-Ibpw B-scbpw `-b-sSm-sX C-kvem-an-Im-Z-i{- ]-Im-cw Po-hnm-\m-hp- A-h- kw-Pm-X-am-pIbpw sN-p-I-sb- e-y-am-bn-cp-p
A-h-bv-v ]n-n-ep-m-bn-cp-Xv. Ckveman-I km-{am-Py-n-s hn-I-k-\-

B-Z-i-n-s A-Snm-\-n m-]n-s- H-cp cm-{-n-s


t\-Xm-hv F- \n-e-b-vp X-s D--c-hm-Zn-
\n-h-l-W-amWv {]-hmNI \-bn- bp--fn-semw \-ap-v
Im-Wm I-gn-bp-Xv.

2013 P\phcn

n-eq-sS {]-kvXp-X km-{am-Py-n-ep--h-n-Sbn a-X-kzm-X-{yw \n-e-\n--p- A-h--bmWv kw-Pm-X-am-bXv. {]-kn- Hm-dn-b-en-kvm-b k


tXma-kv A-tWm-Uv ]-d-bp-Xv Im-WpI.
"ap-l-Zv X-s ]-e Ad-_v ss{I-kv-Xh tKm{X--fp-ambpw k-n-bn-te-s-n-cpp. A-t-lw
A-h-v kw-c--Whpw kz-w a-Xw B-N-cn-m\p- kzm-X-{yhpw D-d-p-h-cpn. A-h-cp-sS ]ptcm-ln-X-p-m-bn-cp- k-hn-ti-jm-[n-Im-c
-
\n-e-\nn'(78)
"ta-ep-c
- n- D-Zm-lc
- W
-
- f
- n-\n-v ss{I-kvXh tKm-{X- kz-a-\-m-se Ckvemw kzo-I-cnp-Ib
- m-Wp-m-bs
- X-v \-apv Du-ln-mw. tP-Xmfm-b ap-kv-enw-Ifpw Xp-S-p- apkvenw X-e-ap-dIfpw A-h-tcm-Sp Im-Wn- k-ln-jvWp-X A-s\
\n-e-bp-d-n-m-\m-Wv \-s t{]-cn-n-p-Xv. ap-l-Zo-b-cp-sS C-S-bn C-tmgpw Po-hn-p- ss{I-kvX-h A-d-_nI Cu k-ln-jv-Wp-X-bp-sS Po-h-\p sX-fn-hp-If
- mWv'(79)

IpdnpI:
1. kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw, In-m-_p Cu-am
2. kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw, In-m-_p C-amd
3. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p a-Km-kn
4. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p a-Km-kn
5. kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw, In-m-_p Pn-lmZv, hkvknb
6. kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw, In-m-_p Pn-lmZv, hkvknb
7. Camw C-_v-\p-I-Yo X-s A _n-Zm-b-bn (3/
284285) ap-k-em-bn \n-thZ-\w sN-bv-X-Xv. Dr. Mahdi
Rizqulla Ahmed: A Biography of the Prophet of Islam;
29

Riyadh 2005, page 391


8. kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw, In-m-_p Pn-lm-Zv
hkvknb
9. Camw C-_v\
- p IYo A _n-Zm-bb
- n (3/
230) aq-k-_v-\p D-Jv-_-bn \n-v \n-thZ-\w
sN-bv-X-Xv. Dr. M.R. Ahmad Opt.cit page 414
10. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p a-Km-kn
11. kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw, In-m-_p Pn-lm-Zv
hkvknb
12. Camw A-lva-Zv X-s ap-kv-\-Zn (6/3) kzlo-lm-bn \n-thZ-\w sN-bv-XXv: Dr. M.R.
Ahmad Opt. cit page 390
13. Camw C-_v-\p I-Yo Xs _n-Zm-bbn
(2/298) l-k\m-b ]-c-c-tbm-sS D--cn-Xv.
Ibid page 391
14. X-^v-ko-dp-z-_vcn-bn (13/398399) ap-kem-bn \n-thZ-\w sN-bv-X-Xv
15. X-^v-ko-dp-z-_vcn-bn (13/398399) l-k\m-bn \n-thZ-\w sN-bv-X-Xv
16. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p a-Km-kn
17. A. Guillaume: The life of Muhammed, A
Translation of Ibn ishaq`s Sirat Rasul Allah,
Karachi, 2007, page 293 -294
18. Dr. M.R. Ahmad Opt. cit. page 390
19. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 294
20. kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw, In-m-_p Pn-lm-Zv
hkvknb
21. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 295
22. C-amw -A-lvaZv ap-kv-\-Zn (2/228) kz-lolm-bn \n-thZ-\w sN-bv-X-Xv
23. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 295
24. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p a-Kmkn
25. C-_v-\p I-Yo X-s X-^v-ko-dn (7/457) D-cn-X
- v
26. C-amw Xz-_v-cn l-k-\m-bn \n-thZ-\w sN-bvX-Xv. M.V. Mc Donald & Montgomery watt: The
History of Al Tabri, Vol VII, Albany, 1987, page 53
27. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 295
28. kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw, In-m-_p Pn-lm-_p
hkvknb
29. C-_v-\p I-Yo A-_n-Zm-b-bn l-k-\mbn \n-thZ-\w sN-bv-XXv (C-amw A-_m\n:
^n-Jv-lp-kv-kod-v F-gpXn-b A-Sn-p-dn-p-I
]p-dw 243)
30. Camw Xz-_vcn ap-k-em-bn \n-thZ-\w sN-bvX-Xv. M.V. Mc Donald & W.montgomery watt:
Opt.cit Page 89
31. S. Moinul Haq: Ibn sa`d`s Kitab At-tabaqat
Al-Kabir, Vol II, New Delhi, 2009 page 39, 40
32. Rizwi Faizer: The life of Muhammed, Al
Waqidi`s Kitab Al-Maghazi, New York, 2011
Page 99-100
33. Ibid page 100
34. Camw Xz_vcn-bp-sS X-^v-kzo-dp-Xz-_v-cn lk\m-b ]-c-c-tbm-sS D--cn--Xv. Dr. M.R.
Ahmad: Opt.cit vol 2, page 463
35. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 374

2013 P\phcn

36. Camw lmnw X-s A ap-kv-X-Zv-dn (2/107-108)


kzo-Im-cyam-b ]-c-c-tbm-sS \n-thZ-\w sN-bv-X-Xv. Dr.
MR. Ahmad Opt.cit page 470
37. Camw Xz-_v-cn X-s X-^v-ko-dn ap-k-em-bn \nthZ-\w sN-bv-XXv. 7/281-282
38. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 373-377
39. Ibid
40. Al-Imam An-Naisaburi, Reasons of Revelation of the
Noble Quran, Selengor, 2010 page 176
41. kz-lo-lp ap-kvenw, In-m-_p Pn-lm-Zv hkvknb
42. kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw, In-m-_p Pn-lm-Zv
hkvknb
43. Rizwi Faizer: Opt.cit Page 163.
44. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 445
45. Rizwi Faizer: Opt.cit Page 174
46. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 457
47. Ibid page 458
48. Ibid Page 459
49. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p Pn-lm-Zv
50. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p Pn-lmZv
51. A. Guillaaume: Opt. cit Page 458
52. kz-lo-lp _p-Jm-cn In-m-_p a-Kmkn
53. kz-lo-lp _p-Jm-cn In-m-_p a-Kmkn
54. kz-lo-lp _p-Jm-cn In-m-_p-p-dq-Xzv
55. Pm-an-D-n-anZn, In-m-_p--^v-ko-dn IzpB
56. Michael Fishbein: The History of al-Tabri, Vol VIII, New
York, 1997 Page 98
57. kz-lo-lp- _p-Jm-cn In-m-_p a-Kmkn
58. Rizwi Faizer: Opt.cit page 317
59. kz-lo-lp _p-Jm-cn, In-m-_p-p-dq-Xzv
60. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 484
61. Michael Fishbein: Opt.cit Page 98-115
62. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 532
63. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 532. Cu \n-thZ-\w lk\m-b ]-c-c-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp--XmWv. Dr.M.R. Ahmed
Opt.cit page 671
64. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 538
65. Camw A-lvaZv; A ap-kv-\-Zn (5/135) kz-lolmb ]-c-c-tbm-sS \n-thZ-\w sN-bv-X-Xv. Dr. M.R. Ahmed
Opt.cit page 704
66. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p a-Kmkn
67. Camw Zl-_n X-s A-a-Km-knbn (]p-dw 555) lk\m-b ]-c-c-tbm-sS \n-thZ-\w sN-bv-XXv. Dr. M.R.
Ahmed Opt.cit page 707
68. Pm-an-D-n-anZn, In-m-_p--^v-ko
69. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 573
70. Izp-B 9:25
71. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p Pn-lm-Zv
72. kp\-\p A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv In-m-_p Pn-lm-Zv
73. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 576
74. kz-lo-lp _p-Jmcn, In-m-_p Jp-ap-kv
75. Rizwi Faizer: Opt.cit Page 485
76. Ibid page 487
77. A. Guillaume: Opt. cit Page 584
78. Sir Thomas Arnold: Preaching of Islam, London 1981,
Page 59
79. Ibid Page 62
30

\_n\nmkn\na _mn s--- hp ]mT


apkvX^m Xho
apl-Zv \_nsb \nn-p-I,-bq-tdm-n Hcp ioe-ambn amdn--gn-n-p
h-am-\-n-emWv \mw Pohn-p--Xv. {]hm-N-I\p t\sc am\yhpw hkvXp\n-jvThpamb hnai-\--fp--bn-p--Xn\p ]Icw {InkvXp-aX {]t_m-[-\-sa
t]cn At-l
- n-s\-Xnsc kwkvImcw sXmp-Xo-n-bn-n-m sXdn-b`
- n-tj-I \Sn kmbq-P-y-a-S-bp sshIr-X-a-\-p-I bqtdm-nepw Ata-cn--bnepw
h[nphcn-I-bm-Wv. 2012 Pq-sse amk-n Cwojnepw sk]vw-_ BZyn Ad-_n-bnepw bqyq-_n-tev A]vtemUv sN-s Csm-skkv Hm^v
apkvenwkv F ]Xn-\mev an\pv ssZLy-ap Ata-cn- Ne-Nn{X s{Sbve
hrn-sI Cu {]h-WX
- b
- psS Ah-km-\s DZm-lc
- Wfnsemv am{X-am-Wv.
Dt-P-I-a-cpv/Agn-a-Xn- tI-kp-I-fnse {]Xn F \ne-bn Ip{]-kn--\mb
\uf _mkvnen \uf F tIm]vnIv hwi-Ps-\-smv kmw _mssk
F hymP-\ma-n Abm-fpsS kzw hon hv "aoUnb t^m ss{Iv'
F anj-\dn kwLw sNn--XmWv Csm-skkv Hm^v apkvenwkns
Nn{XoIcWw FmWv s]mXpshbp am[yahnebncp. Nn{Xo-I-c-Wnepw kwhn-[-\-nepw A`n-\-b-nepw h-q-Py-sav kn\nam \ncq-]-I-scm-Sw hn[n-sb-gp-Xnb Cu \memwInS \_n-\nm kn\n-a, Nn{Xo-I-c-W-ns k`yX-bn \oe-n-{X--fpsS \ne-hmcw t]mepw Imp-kq-n-p-n-.- ap-l-Zv
\_nbpsS kwn]vX Poh-N-cn-{X-amWv kn\n-a-bpsS D-S--sa-mWv
AXns hm- Ah-Im-i-s-Sp-Xv. aq--pIb-dn-m Ao-e-X-bm-bncnWw \_nXncpta\nbpsS PohnXahXcnnp Hcp ^nenans sImSnbSbmfw Fp \n-bn "aX-{]-t_m-[-I-'cpsS a\v Fp-am{Xw hrn-sI--Xmbn-cn--n! kv^Sn-I-k-am\w hnip--am-bn-cpp Fv Ncn{Xw Ak-n-Kv[-ambn
kmn ]d-n-p \_n-Po-hn-X-n-\p-t\sc Ncn-{X-ns bmsXmcp ]n_-ehp-an-m iIm-c- sI-gn-p-I-bmWv kn\na sNp--Xv. hnUvVnbpw A[n-

2013 P\phcn

31

Im-ct- am-lnbpw inip-cX


- n-m-c\pw
k{Xoe-S\pw cZmlnbpw
AklnjvWhpw ]qh-th-Z-sf hfsm-Sn-p-b
- mfpw I-\p-ambn ssZhZq-Xs\ tImn-am-p Csm-skkv
Hm^v apkvenwkv, ]Sn-m-d
{InkvXym-\n-I-fn Nne-sc-nepw Xo{hamb \_n-\n-m-a-t\m-tcm-K-ns ]nSnbm-em-sW-mWv BXyn-Ia
- mbn
kqNn-n-p--Xv. CXn-\n-sS,- A-`n-t\-Xm-f-Sw Cu kn\n-a-bpsS \nam-Wn ]m-fn-If
- mb FtXmfw t]
X hn-s
- -Sp-Ib
- mbncp-pshpw sUtkv hmcn-b F kn\na-bmWv Xsf shv bYmYn
Dm-n---- bsXpw ]noSv UnwKv
hgn AXnse IYm-]m-{X-n\v apl-Zv
\_nbpsS `mhw(?!) \Ip-I-bmWv
kmw _mssk sNbvXXv Fpw
Btcm-]n-p-sImv cwK-p-h
- n-p-v.
apc If-hp-I- {]hm-N-Is\t]msemcm-fpsS t]cn {]N-cnnv temI-P-\Xsb H-Sw hn-m {ian--h
kn\n-am-\nam-W
- n-\mbn X
IqensSphscbpw
AXnhnZKv[ambn hn-p-shp
Npcpw. h-\bpw sXdnbpw aX-{]t_m-[\
-
- ns LS-I
- f
- mbn kzoI-cnp--h alm-\mb tbip{InkvXphns t]cn kwkm-cn-p-sXnepw
H-hk
- m-\n-nncpp-sh-n
FmWv temIw Ctm
hne]npXv.
2001 sk]vw-_ ]Xn-s\m-n\v
tijw ]Sn-m-dp-\npw dntmv
sN-s \_n-\nm kw`-h--fpsS
irwJ-e-bnse Hcp In am{X-amWv
Csm-skkv Hm^v apkvenwkv. 2005em-Wv, sUamnse PnmUvkv
t]m ]{Xw \_n-Xn-cp-ta-\nsb
`oI-ch
- m-Zn-bmbn A[n-t-]n-p
hrn-sI Imq-Wp-I
- {]kn-o-Ic
- n-Xv.- {]-hm-N-Is\ sXdn ]d--Xn
tJZw {]I-Sn-n-p--Xn\v ]I-cw,Imq tXmnhmk-n\v \new
]np-W- {]-Jym-]n-p-I-bmWv bqtdmnse am[yakaqlw sNbvX-Xv. 2008
A]-tXmfw bqtdm-]y ]{X-
\nIr-jvSa
- mb B Um\njv Imq-WpI ]p\{]-kn-o-I-cn-p-sh
hkvXpX, aoUn-bv \_n tbmSp
shdp-nsbpw hntc-m[-nsbpw
Bghpw hym]vXn-bp-amWv bYmY-

hy-am-p-X
- v.
hnUvVnbpw A[n-Im-c-tam]Sn-md km{am-Py-Xz-ns
hwiobhpw aX-]-chpw kmwkvIm-cn-Ilnbpw inip-c-Xn-m-c\pw
hp-amb Al--bn \npw hntZz-jk{Xoe-S\pw cZmlnbpw
n \npw cq]w sImp-Xpw
AklnjvWhpw ]qh-th-Zkzm-Xb
- p-sSbpw Im]-Sy-n-sbpw
am{Xw
DS
- a
- p-X
- p-amb lo\-amb
sf hf-sm-Sn-p--bmfpw
A[n-t-]
- f
- mWv \_n-\n-I
-
I-\p-ambn ssZh-Zq-Xs\
F t]cn Ctm \S-p-h-cp--Xv.
tImn-am-p Csm-skkv
apl-Zv \_nsb Poh\pXpeyw
kvt\ln-p-Ibpw IWn-i-ambn A\pHm^v apkvenwkv, ]Sn-m-d
[m-h\w sNp-Ibpw sNp \qn{InkvXym-\n-I-fn Nne-sc-nepw
b]Xv tImSn-b-e-[nIw hcp
Xo{h-amb \_n-\n-m-a-t\m-tcm-Kapkvenw-Isf thZ-\n-n-p-Ibpw Ahtl-fn-p-Ibpw hwio-ba
- mbn A[n-tns ]nSn-bm-em-sW-mWv B]n-p-I-bp-amWv \_n-\n--I sNpXyn-I-ambn kqNn-n-p--Xv.
Xv F hkvXpX ]ecpw Hmm-dn. apl-Zv \_nsbtmse Pohnm thn ]c-am-h[n ]cn-{i-an-p-h-cmWv apkvenw-I. AXp-sIm-p-Xs, \_n `oI-c-hm-Zn-bm-bn-cpp
Fv hmZn-p--h At-ls
]n]n Pohn-p apkvenw-I-sfmw
`oI-ch
- m-Zn--If
- m-sWv hcp-n-om\mWv A[zm-\n-p--Xv. X-fpsS
IpSn-ea
- mb km{am-PyXz Xm]-cyv XSw \np-p-sh ImcW-m am{Xw temI-nse Hcp
n hy-am-p--Xv. Ana{]hm{]_e aX-hn-`m-Ks H-Sw `oIcN-Is
- \ Imq-Wp-If
- p-]t- bm-Knv
hm-Zn-I-fmbn Nn{Xo-I-cn-p--hsc _ln\ny-amb coXn-bn A`n-iw-kn-p
jvI-cn-m\pw H-s-Sp-m-\p-ap
\oN-Xz-n \nv bqtdm-nse am[y-a- hnthIw s]mXp-k-aqlw t\Sn-sb Ctmgpw ]nn-cn-n-n-. kmw
Spt aXn-bm-Iq. Imc-Ww, apkvenw_mssk-ens \_n\nm-kn-\n-a-sI `oI-ch
- m-Zn-If
- m-sW shw
Xnsc Imcy-t_m-[-ap--h-scmw {]XntNm \pW ]dv CX-c-a-X-hntj-[n-p-sIm-n-cn-p-X
- n-\n-Sb
- n-emWv izm-kn-I-fpsS a\-n apkvenwhntZz-j2012 sk]vw_ Ah-km\w jm
ns I\ hnXpIbpw hKoF_vtZm F {^v Imq
bmn Pzen-n-p-I-bp-am-Wv Ah
amknI Xncp-\-_nsb \-\mbn
sNp--Xv. Hcp P\-k-ap-Zm-bs
Nn{Xo-Ic
- n-p-sIm-p Imq-WpI
AmsS A]-c-hI-cn-p-Ibpw hnIr{]kn-o-Ic
- n-X
- v.- lm-ky-{]-[m-\a
- mb
X-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cn-p-Ibpw Ahsc
D-S
- t- m-Sp-IqSn ]pd-n-d
- m-dp kw_-n `oXn ]c-p-Ibpw sNpjm F_vtZm, P\-v Nncn-m-Xn-\p-thn Ah-scbpw Ah-cpsS
\p hn`hw F \ne-mWv apl{]hm-N-I-s\bpw kw_-nv sXp-[mZv \_nbptS-sX t]cn \-Nn- c-W-I {]k-cn-n-p--hsc \nb-n{X- Xm-dm-n-bs
- Xv "_lp-am-\y- t D-c-hm-Znw Fm atX-Xc
cmb' ]{X-ap-S-a-I hy-am-p-Ibpw
`c-WI
- q-S
- p-ap-v. km{am-Py-Xz-nsNbvXnpv. \_nsb sXdn
sbpw aX-]u-tcm-ln-Xy-nsbpw
]dbm\pw ]cnlknm\pap A]-e- ss]im-Nn-I-X-sb-p-dnv \n-b-ap-]-\o-b-amb hy{K-X, atX-X-c--a-X-au-enhcpw Bi-b-hy-Xym-k--p-dI-hmZn hyXym-k-an-msX bqtdm-nepw
p a\pjyssa{Xn \ne-\n-Wsa-m-{K-ln-p-h
- cpw Cu
Ata-cn-A
- ]-IS- I
- camwhn[w
hwiobhmZn-Isf \ne-p-\nntb
Xgphf-cp-Ib
- m-sWmWv CsXmw
2013 P\phcn

32

aXn-bm-Iq. \_n-\n--bpsS Ncn-{Xhpw


cmjv{So-bhpw eyhpw a\-n-em-n-bhsmpw Cu Bh-iy-tmSv
tbmPn-m-Xn-cn-m Ign-bn-.
hnain-m-\p Ah-Im-i-nsbpw Bhn-jvImc kzmX-{-ynsbpw `qan-II
- f
- n \np-sImv
\_n-\n--Isf \ymbo-I-cn-p--h
Cu hkvXp-XI
- sf-sbmpw ImWm
X ss[j-WnI Bg-anm ip
hnUvVn-I-fm-Imt\ Xc-ap-q. P\m-[n]Xyw \Ip kzmX{yw A\n-b{n-X-am-sWv ]d-bm Bs-nepw
Ign-bptam? \mn \ne-\np
atX-Xc
- m- -cow XIv hntZz-jns I\-ep-I ]mIm thn
t_m[-]qhw -I-f-hp-]-d-bm\p
kzmX{yw B[p-\nI P\m-[n-]Xyw
A\p-h-Zn-p-p-s ]-c-amv hnhc-tSv Bcm-Ww-Ko-I-cn-pI? P\m-[n]Xyw atX-X-c-Xz-nsbpw ssa{Xn-bpsSbpw \n_--\-I-fm \nb{nXambncn-Wsa bm-YmYyw Bsnepw \ntj-[n-m Ign-bptam?
CUy-bnse apkvenw-Is-Xnsc
hnjw Nom B.-Fkv.-F-kpImpw cmPv Xm-sdpw {]ho
sXmKm-Un-bpw Ah-kcw \I-emWv
P\m-[n-]X
- y-ns Xm]-cy-sav
Bhn-jvIm-ck
- zm-X{- -y
- ns t]cn
\_n-\n-sb \ymbo-I-cn-p _pnPo-hn-I A`n-{]m-b-s-Sptam? Asn, apkvenw Xo{h-hm-Z-nI-fpsS `qcn] kap-Zm-bt- mSv Ak-ln-jvWpX
hfp sshImcnI
{]kwKv
kzmX{yapmIWsa hoWs AwKo-I-cn-m Ahv Ignbptam? lnve PqXams-Xnsc
\S-nb {]kw-K
- s
- f Bhn-jvIm-ckzm-X-{-yns ]n-I-bn-eps]Spn \ymbo-I-cn-m GsX-nepw
P\m-[n-]X
- y-hm-Zn-I kamIptam?
C Fv Fm-hp-a-dn-bmw. \_n-\nv Bhn-jvIm-c kzmX-{--yns
{]Xn-tcm[w Xop--h IY-b-dnbmsX Bw ImWp-Ib
- m-sWv a\-nem-m AXp-sIm-p-Xs henb
{]bm-ks
- am-p-an-.
Bhn-jvImc kzmX-{--yhp-ambn
_-s ap{Zm-hm-Iy- _p-Po-hnIsf hgnsXn--Xn\v Ncn-{X-n

aq--pIb-dn-m Ao-e-X-bmbn-cnWw
\_nXncpta\nbpsS
PohnXahXcnnp Hcp
^nenans sImSn-bSbmfw
Fp \n-bn "aX-{]-t_m-[I'-cpsS a\v Fp-am{Xw
hrn-sI--Xm-bn-cn--n! kv^SnI-k-am\w hnip--am-bn-cpp
Fv Ncn{Xw Ak-n-Kv[-ambn
kmn ]d-n-p \_n-Po-hnX-n-\p-t\sc Ncn-{X-ns
bmsXmcp ]n_-e-hp-an-m
iIm-c- sI-gn-p-I-bmWv
kn\na sNp--Xv.

2013 P\phcn

33

FmSpw DZm-lc
- W
-
- f
- p-v. henb
]ptcm-Ka
- \
- h
- m-Zn-If
- mbn Na-bp-h
- v
Xopw {]Xn-tema-]chpw ]nn-cn\pw hKo-bpphbp-Xp-amb ]Xn-If
- psS kwc-I-cmbn
"kzmX{ykwc-W'ns t]cn
cwK-p-h-tc-n-h Zpc-\p-`-h-.
sXmq-dp-If
- psS XpS-
- n In-S Xkveoam \kvdn hnhmZw
Xs-sb-Sp-p-I. Xkveo-ab
- psS
esb kwc-n-m thn
Acbpw Xebpw apdpn cwK-n-d-nb-h _wm-tZio apkvenw-Isf apgph hKo-b-hm-Zn-I-fmbn ap{Z-Ipn
CUy-bnse lnpXz in-Isf
{]oXn-s-Sp-m-\p A]-e-]-\o-b-amb
]cn-{i-a-amWv hnjw han-p Xs
]pkvX-I-n-eqsS Xkveoa \S-n-bsX Imcyw {in--tX-bn-. khW
^mjn-p-I BtLm-j]
- qhw
Xkveo-asb Gs-Sp-pXpw
ebnse apkvenw hncp D-c-WnI D-tc-y lnp-n-S-bn
Ah hnX-cWw sNpXpw Xncs-Sp-p-If
- n \yq\-]
- h
- n-tcm[w
Bfn--n-m-\p Xpdp-p-No-mbn
Xkveoa amdp-Xpw t\pt\sc
Inpw X AI-s-n-p sIWnbpsS Bgw a\-n-em-m Ign-bm-Xncp--hsc C\nbpw \mw _pn-Po-hn-I
FpXs hnfn-tWm? "bmsXmcp
Iem-aq-ey-hp-an-m-Xpw' "shdp-p-f-hmp-Xpw' "{]Xn-_
- X
- tbm D-ch
- m-Zn-t_m-[tam' sXmp-Xo-n-bn-n-mXpw Fv {]ikvX CS-Xp-]

kn\nam kwhn-[m-b-I arWm sk


t]mepw hnti-jn-n e, BhnjvIm-ck
- zm-X{- -yns apJwaqSn-I
- mWv AXns {ZwjvSI
- Hfn-n-Xv
F hkvXpX _pn-Po-hn-Iv ]mTam-tI--Xp-v.(1) ]t \n`m-Ky-him Ncn-{X-n \nv \psS
_pn-Po-hn-I bmsXmpw ]Tn-p-ns-mWv ]pXnb \_n-\nm kw`-h-tfm-Sp Ah-cn ]e-cps-Sbpw
{]Xn-Ic
- W
-
- kqNn-n-p-X
- v.
Ctm \S-p-sIm-n-cn-p
\_n-\nm kw`-h-, hwio-b-X-bpsS
]mXes Ah-K-Wn-m t]mepw,
B[p-\nI P\m-[n-]Xyw Dbn-n-Snp hnai\ kzmX--{y-ns ]cn[n-bn Hcp-\n-epw IS-p-h-cp-n-s-XmWv bmYmYyw. Zn\w{]Xn ]{X-am[y-a dntmv sNp \_n-\n-I, \mw ]e-hpcp hy-am-n-b-Xpt]mse, am\ytam hkvXp-\n-jvTtam
Bb hnai-\--f-. \_n hnain-s-p-IqSm Fsmcp hmZw Xs
apkvenw-In. \_nsXnsc
hnai-\
- f
- p-b
- n-p-Xv `c-WI
- q-S XS-b-W-sav apkvenw-I Bhiy-s-Sm-dp-an-. \_n-hn-ai-\-sf
\nb-aw-aqew \ntcm-[n-m-\m-h-iy-s-SpI-b-, ^e-{]-Z-amb adp-]SnI
sImv t\cn-Sp-Ib
- mWv Ckvem-anI
{]t_m-[-I sNm-dp--Xv. ]t
hnai-\-a Ctm- \S-p-sIm-n-cnp--Xv. adnv ip-amb sXdn-bm-Wv.
kwkvImcw sXmp-Xo-n-bn-n-m-Xpw
BmY-amb ]T-\-hn-i-I-e-\--fpsS
]m-Xe
- a
- n-mXpw Al-m-chpw
hntZz-jhpw \pc-ps]mpXpw
ZpjvSe
- yp-thn \S-s
- -Sp-Xp-amb hrn-sI sXdn-I-fmWv kaIm-enI ss{Ik-Xh \_n-\n--I.
AXpsImmWv Ahv XS-bn-Sm `cW-Iq-S
- fpw PmXn-aX
- t- `-Z
- -Xo-Xambn \bp a\p-jycpw
ssItIm-W-sav apkvenw ]nXam Bh-iy-s-Sp--Xv. hnai-\p ]Icw sXdn-hm-p-Ifpw A[nt] {]h-\-fpw BWv
Ctm Ckvemw hncpXbpsS apXem-fn/anj-\dn Ac-p-I-fn \ndm-Sp-s
- Xv a\-n-em-m Gsdsbmpw {]bm-ks
- -tS-X
- n-. CkvemanI Nn-sf sshIm-cn-ambn Ahtl-fnpw apkvenw-Isf H-Sw A]-

am-\npw B-\n-hr-XnbSbp at\mtcm-Kn-Is


- f-bmWv \_n-\n-I
- cm-bn \mantm Ip-ap-p--Xv. Ahv
hnai\-kzm-X-{y-ns ad-sbm-cpn-sm-Sp-p--h B-h-\ am{XamWv \S-p-Xv. \_nbptS-sX
t]cn \-Nn-{X- {]kn-o-I-cnhcpw Aoe kn\n-a-I {]Zin-n-hcpw Dt-in-Xv am\y-amb hnai-\a-sv Bm-Wd
- n-p-Iq-Sm-Xv?
\_n-\n--bpsS ]pXnb Atm-kvXeam-cn Ip{]-kn--\mb Ata-cn-m-c ]ptcm-ln-X sdn tPmkv,
hnai\ kzmX-{y-ns B\p-Iqey-ap-]t- bm-Knv ImWn-p-sIm-n-cnp hn{I-nb-I am[y-a- ]e-XhW dntmv sNbvXn-p-h
- b
- mWv.
^vtfmdnUbn `mcy knhn-b-bpsamv "Uhv thUv Huvdov
sk' F t]cn Icn-kvam-nIv
[ym\-tI{w \S-p sdn tPmkv,
2010 sk]vw-_ ]Xn-s\m-n\v
thUv t{SUv sk B{I-a-Wns hmjn-It- m-S\
- p-_
- nv

Ctm \S-p-sIm-n-cn-p
\_n-\nm kw`-h-, hwio-bX-bpsS ]m--es Ah-KWn-m t]mepw, B[p-\nI
P\m-[n-]Xyw Dbn-n-Snp hnai\ kzmX--{yns ]cn-[n-bn Hcp-\nepw IS-p-h-cp-n-s-XmWv bmYmYyw. Zn\w{]Xn
]{X-am-[y-a dntmv
sNp \_n-\n--I, \mw ]ehpcp hy-am-n-b-Xp-t]mse,
am\ytam hkvXp-\n-jvTtam Bb
hnai-\--f-.

2013 P\phcn

34

"Am-cmjv{S Izp-B In-


Zn\w' (International Burn the Qur'an
Day) BN-cn-m Blzm\w
sNbvXXpw ]cn-ip Izp-B-\ns
tImn-I ]c-ky-ambn In-m-\p
km-l- \S-n-bXpw Gsd N
sN-s--Xm-W-tm. 2011 amv 20,
'International Judge the Qur'an Day'
Bbn BN-cn-p-hm\pw Cbm \ntZin-p-I-bp-mbn. Hcp kwLw ]ptcmln-Xamcpw {InkvXp-aX hnizm-knIfpw Hp-tNv ]cn-ip Iz-B\ns\ "P\-Iob hNm-cW'v hnt[-bam-p-Ibpw XpSv Ip-m-c-s\v
hn[n-p-Ibpw tijw Izp-B-
tImn-I Xpw Xp-ambn Iodn--fbp-Itbm In-p-If
- b
- p-Itbm sNpIbpam-bn-cpp Zn\m-NcWns `mKambn Bkq-{XWw sN-s "Imcy-]-cn]m-Sn-I.' Ip{]-kn--amb Kzm\mtam, A_q-Kp-ssd_v Pbn-ep-fn
]cn-ip-- Izp-B-\ns Xmfp-I-fn-tev
aq{X-sam-gn-m \n_-n-p-sImpw
hnk-X
- n-h
- sc aZn-p-sIm-p-am-Wtm, "DZm--'am-b ]mm-Xy aqey-fn ]cn-io-en-n--s- Ata-cn-
]m-f
- m apkvenw XS-hp-Im-tcmSv
Acniw Xo-Xv. Ch-sbms
hnai-\
- f
- m-sWv ]d-bW
- s
- a-n
A]m-c-amb Na-ku-`mKyw thn-hcpw. Ccw t]q-p-I km[m-cW
a\p-jy-tcmSpw ]pkvXI
-
- t- fmSpw
ImWn-p-X
- p-Xs ISp A]-cm-[am-sWv a\-n-em-p-h
- c
- m-Wv
kwkvIr-XN
- n-c
- mb a\p-jy.
Atm ]ns tImSn-W
-
- n-\m-fpI BZ-cn-p hnip--amb aX-Nn-sf Ah-tl-fn-p--Xv A]-cm-[a
- m-ImXn-cn-ptam? hnain-m-\p
kzmX{yw a\p-jym-hI
- m-i
- f
- n
s]-Xm-sWv s]cp-d apg-p--h
]e-tmgpw hnai-\-sa t]cn
Ccw tXmn-hm-k
- At\-Im-bn-csf A]-am-\n-p-Ibpw As\
\-amb a\p-jym-h-Im-i-ew-L\w \Sp-Ib
- p-amWv sNp-Xv F
hkvXpX ImWm-td-bn-. km[m-cW
-
- mcn km[m-cW
-
- m-c\mb Hcm-sftmepw A]-am-\n-p--Xv Ah-Im-i-ewL-\a
- m-sWv Xncn-d
- n-bp-Ibpw
Acw AXn-{I-a
- XS-bm-\m-hi
- yamb hIp-p-I Bhn-jvI-cn-p-Ibpw
sNbvXn-p-v, \psS tImS-Xn-I.

Fn, temI-sa-mSpw kvt\ln--sSp-Ibpw BZ-cn--s-Sp-Ibpw sNp-,


AXnhnip--\mb Hcp alm-{]-hm-NIs\ ]v sXdn-]-d-bp-Xpw AXphgn \qn-b]Xv tImSn-b-e-[nIw
hcp a\p-jysc thZ-\n-n-pIbpw
Ah-cpsS kwkvIm-cs \nIr-jvSa
- mb
coXn-bn Ah-aX
- n-p-Ibpw
sNpXpw a\p-jym-hI
- m-i
- ptaep-f
- It-a
- m-Im-Xn-cn-m Xcaptm?
As-n-epw, apX-em-fnw kzmX{y-sbpw P\m-[n-]X
- y-sbpw
kw_-nv hmNm-ea
- m-Ip-Xv
BmY-ambnsv Bm-Wd
- np-Iq-Sm-Xv? \_n-\n-v atX-X-cXz-nsbpw P\m-[n-]X
- y-n-sbpw
kwc-Ww t\Sn-sb-Sp-m-\p AShp-\bw am{X-amWv Bhn-jvIm-ck
- zm-X{y-tm-Sp t{]ahpw A\p-_
hnem-]--fp-sav Ncn{Xw hmbn-p-hsmw a\-n-em-Ipw.
At\Iew ]mh-s--hsc Pohn-Xns ]pd-tm-n-te-p-Xn Iq
^mIv-dn-I m]nv hyh-km-bh-cWw Xzcn-X-s-Sp-p-I-bpw, aqe[-\-ns lpn sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS
a\p-jym-h-Im-i-sf apgp-h Nhn-nsa-Xn-p-Ibpw, D]m-Z\
-
- n-\m-hi
- yamb {]IrXnhn`-h
- mbn tImf-\nI sIm sNp-Ibpw tImf-\n-hm-knIsf ]oUn-n-p-I-bpw, Zpcn-Xpw Zpc-
- pw Imc-Wa
- mb
At\Iw D]-
- fpw Bi-b
- fpw
hn]-Wn-bn-en-d-p-I-bpw, Bbp[ hyhkmbw Ghpw \ hcp-am\amK-amp-I-bpw, Ip{]-kn--amb cv AWpt_mw_v hj-pw temI-al
- m-bp-pw t\XrXzw hln-p-Ibpw
sNbvX, en_-d P\m-[n-]Xyw AwKoI-cn-p-n-s ImcWw ]dv
Ctmgpw aqmw temIcm{fntev
A[n-\n-th-i- kwL-SnnpsImn-cn-p apX-emfnn\v Fv a\pjymh-Im-i-w,
Fv kzmX-{y-w!!
P\m-[n-]X
- y-nt\mtSm a\p-jy-mh-Im-i
- tf-mtSm Atijw {]Xn-_
- bn-m apX-em-fn cmjv{S-v
\_n-\n--I A\p-h-Zn-p-Xv hgn
a\p-jym-hI
- m-i
- kwc-n-s
- -Sp-Ib-, adnv ewLn--s-Sp-I-bmWv
sNp-X
- v Fv \mbn Adn-bm-sa--

]Sn-md km{am-Py-Xz-ns
hwio-bhpw aX-]c- hpw
kmwkvIm-cn-Ih
- p-amb Al-bn \npw hntZz-j
- n
\npw cq]w sImp-Xpw
kzmY-Xb
- p-sSbpw Im]-Sy-nsbpw am{Xw D-S
- a- p-X
- pamb lo\-amb A[n-t-]
- fmWv \_n-\n-I
- F
t]cn Ctm \S-p-hc- p-X
- v.

2013 P\phcn

35

XmWv hkvXp-X. Bhn-jvImc kzmX{-y-ns IW-n-se-gpXntv


FmXcw tXmn-hm-k
- s
- fbpw kwcn-p-Ib
- mWv P\m-[n-]X
- y-ns
Xm]-cy-sa aqV-[m-cW
- s
- bmpw
Ahn-. AXp-sIm-mWv, apl-Zv
\_nsb \nn-m thn
Imq sshIr-X
- {]kn-o-Ic
- n
PnmUvkv t]m ]{Xw
Xbp-In-nb tbip-{In-kvXphns Imcn-t- {]kn-o-I-cn-m-\mhn-sv ]dv Xncn--b--Xv. Csmskkv Hm^v apkvenw-kns\ \ymbo-Icn--m thn Bhn-jvImc kzmX-{-y-ns ]cn-N-sb-Sp apX-em-fn-ns hm- Xs-bm-Wt- m,
GXm\pw hj-papv
{InkvXy a\-p-Isf thZ-\n-n-psa ImcWw ]dv Hmkv{Sn-b-bnepw
{_n-\nepw Nne kn\n-a-Iv {]Zi\m-\p-aXn XS--Xv.(2) aX-Nn-lv\-sfbpw aXm-Nm-cyam-scbpw t_m[]qhw Ah-tl-fnv hnizm-kn-Isf
apdn-s-Sp-p-Xv XS-bs
- -tS-X
- mWv
F-dn-bm--X Atm- apX-em-fn-ns {]iv\w. hnjbw Ckvemapw
Cc-I apkvenwIfp-am-Ip-tm
hkvXp-XI
- t- fmSv kuI-cy-]qhw apJw
Xnc-p-I-bmWv AXv sNpXv Fpam-{X-ta-bp-q. Cu Cc--mv apX-emfn-s kw_-n-t-St- mfw
XmIm-en-Ia
- mb Hcp \b-hy-Xn-bm-\s
- a-Xn-\-pdw Hcp P\n-XI kz`m-h-amsWv ]d-bp--Xm-bn-cnpw icn. aqe-

[-\
- n-sbpw ]mmXy kwkvIm-cn-sbpw kpK-a-amb Hgpv
Ddphcpm\p D]-I-c-W-sa
\ne-mWv apX-em-fnw P\m-[n-]Xys hnI-kn-n-s-Sp-n-p-Xv,
AmsX a\p-jym-hI
- m-i
- t- fm-Sp
BZ-c-hp-sIm--. AXn-\m Xs,
X-fpsS Xm]-cy-v hncp-a
- mIp-tm-sgms Zphym-Jym-\- hgn
P\m-[n-]X
- y-ns am\-ZW
- vU
- sf
An-ad
- n-p-Ib
- mWv km{am-PyXzns
hm- sNm-dp--Xv. Nnetm
AXv, \_n-\n--IfpsS Imcy-n
kw`-hn-p-Xv t]mse, Xopw
P\m-[n-]-Xy-hn-cp--amb shdp-ns
cmjv{So-b
- n\v P\m[n]Xykwc-W
- ns t]cn IpS ]nSnpsImmbncnpw. "R Bhn-jvImc kzmX{ys t{]mkm-ln-np-Ibpw
s]mXp-P-\-[m-c-Wv hncp--amb hoW- {]I-Sn-n-m-\p hyn-IfpsS Ah-Im-is {]Xn-tcm-[n-pIbpw sNpw' Fp-]d
-
p-sIm-m-cw`n-p bqyq_v \b-{]-Jym-]-\-nse
ASp hmNIw "]t Bs-n-epsa-Xn-cn t_m[-]qhw shdpv
hfm-\p-t-in-p kwkm-c
-
(hate speech) R (bqyq-_n)
A\p-hZ- n-n-s-'m-sW hkvXpXsb ad-p-sIm-m-Wtm, Csmskkv Hm^v apkvenwkv bqyq-_n
\nv \ow sNm KqKv hnk--Xn-Xv. Fm ap-Nn-e-tm-gm-I-s,
Xopw P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-c-amb Ah-Imi-s
- f-tmepw atX-Xc
- X
- z-n-sbpw
tZio-bX
- b
- p-sSbpw t]cp-]d
- v \ntj[n-pIbmWv apX-em-fnw sNp-I.
GXp-Xcw hkv{Xw [cn-m\pw kzmX{y-ap {^mkn s]mXp--e-fn k{Xo-I Xe-a-d-p--Xn\v hnN{X-amb hne-p--I hcp-Xv A-\bm-Wv. GXp-Xcw sIn-S-hp-ap-mmhp kznvkem-Un ]n-an\m-c
- am{Xw \ntcm-[n-s
- -Sp-Xpw
AXp-sIm-p-X-s. apkvenw-Ifmbntmbn F-Xns t]cn am{Xw
Ah-Im-i
- \ntj-[n-s
- -Sp
{^v,-kznkv ]ucamp-thn
FpsImmWv \psS \mnse
Bhn-jvImckzmX-{-yns
sam-hS-
- m-scmpw i_vZa
- pbm-X
- v? bqtdm-]y tZiobanpIp-t\sc tNmZy--sf-dn-bp Hcp

"Bhn-jvIm-c-n\pw' AhnsS P\m-[n]-Xy-ns XW e`n-p-n-s-XmWv kXyw. tlmtfm-tIm-ns Ncn{X-n AXn-it- bm-n-If


- nSw ]nSn-np-sv hmZn--Xns t]cn
tUhnUv ChnwKv F Ncn-{X-Im-cs\
Pbn-en-e-S--h-cmWv bqtdm-nse "P\m[n-]X
- y-hmZn'I! ^e-kvXzo-\n-ss-Xsf Xnp `oI-c-\mbn Gcn-b
jmtcm-Wns\ Nn{Xo-Ic
- n-p XnIpw
cmjv{So-b-amb Hcp Imq {]kn-oI-cn-msX Xncn--b ssUshv
]{Xw ]pd-n-d-p--Xv Bhn-jvIm-ckzm-X{- -yn\v \nb-{-W
- fpsv
Btcm-]n--s-Sp apkvenw \mSp-Ifn \n-, apX-em-fn--ns
kzK-`q-an-If
- n-sem--mb Pa-\n-bn
\nmWv.
km{am-Py-Xz-n\v AhImitfmSpw kzmX-{y-tm-Sp-ap \ne-]m-Sdn-bm ^e-kvXzo-\nse Km ap\n tNmc hmsm-env \np
Ad-_n-p-n-I-fpsS ssZ\yX am{Xw
{in-m aXn-sbv Cmpw ]d-

Ckvem-anI Nn-sf sshImcn-ambn Ah-tl-fnpw apkvenwIsf H-Sw A]-am-\npw


B-\n-hr-XnbSbp at\mtcm-Kn-I-sf-bmWv \_n-\n--Icmbn \man-tm Ip-ap-p--Xv.
Ahv hnai\-kzm-X-{yns ad-sbm-cp-n-sm-Spp--h B-h-\ am{XamWv \S-p-Xv.

2013 P\phcn

36

p-sIm-Sp-t-X
- n-. Bhn-jvIm-ckzm-X{- y-ns tkm^-bn-en-cpv
alm-\mb {]hm-N-Is\ ]cn-lknpsImn-cn-p apX-emfnanj-\dn Ahn-ip kJyw
kzmX-{y-n-sbpw Ah-Im-i
- fpsSbpw Ghpw henb A-I-\mbn
\ne-\np C{km-tb-ens kzm-cm-sW Imcyw \nm-c-a. C{kmtb-en-\p-thn temI-
- mSpw
apkvenw hntcm-[hpw Ckvemw `oXnbpw
Pzenn-m {ian-p-sIm-n-cn-p
Xo{h -h-e-Xp-] {Kqp-I-fmWv Csmskkv Hm^v apkvenwkns\ {]Xn-tcm[n-m\pw {]N-cn-n-m\pw Ghpw
kPo-h-ambn aptm-p-h--Xv. Ata-cn-bn \_n-\nm kzmX-{-yn\pthn Ghpw i-ambn hmZn-psIm-n-cn-p-Xv "Ata-cn- {^oUw
Un-s^kv C\o-tj-y-ohv' F kwLS-\bmWv. t]cn \np-Xs hyam-Ip-X
- p-t]m-se, kzmX-{y-kw-c
- W-ns `qan-Ib
- n \np-sIm-mWv
"\_n-\n-m-hI
- m-i
- 'v thn
Ch t]mcm-Sp--Xv. "aX-au-en-I-hm-Zn-IfpsS' a\v thZ-\n-m-Xn-cn-m
thn Ata-cn- `c-W-L-S\
\Ip "kzmX{yw' ASn-b-d-sh-p-Xn-t\mSv X tbmPn-p-n-smWv kwL-S\
- b
- psS Xe-
- p
"kzmX-{y-Zm-ln-I' {]Jym-]n-n-p-Xv. kwL-S-\-bpsS kzmX{yt{]ans icn-bmb kz`mhw shfn-s-Spnb Hcp kw`hw Cubn-sS-bp-m-bn.
\yqtbmv k_vth s{Sbn IS-pt]m-Ip hgn-I-fn apgp-h "PnlmZns\' ]cm-Pb
- s
- -Sp-m\pw C{km-tbens\ ]np-W-m\pw Bh-iy-s-Sp
t]m-dp-I ]Xn-m-\p "kzmX-{y'amWv kwL-S-\- \nb-a-bp--n-eqsS
t\Sn-sb-Sp-n-cn-p-X
- v. C{km-tb-ens\-sbmW-tm, a\p-jym-hI
- m-itfmSpw kzmX-{y-tmSpw Xm]-cyap--h Ctm Bbncw hw ]npW-t-Xv!!
\_n-\n--I-cpsS, Bhn-jvIm-c-kzmX-{y-n\p thn-bp s]cp-d
ip Im-]S- y-amsWv kwi-bc-ln-Xambn kv]jvSa
- m-p-X
- mWv kam-
dpivZn-bp-ambn _-sv, Cubn-sS-bpmb hnhm-Z-. 2012 sk]vw-_
amk-tm-sS-bmWv, Jpssa-\n-bpsS
"^Xvh' \ne-\n Imev Xm

\bn Hfnhp-Po-hn-X-ns hni-Zmw-i-fp-ambn Cd-mt]m-Ip dpivZnbpsS B-IYm kz`m-h-ap ]pXnb


]pkvX-Is kw_-n hnhmZw
In--S-Xv. dpivZn-bpsS ]pkvX-In\v hnai-\m--I-amb \ncq-]-W-sf-gp-Xp--Xn \nv ]pkvXI \ncq-]Iv hne-ts]-Spnbncn-p-IbmWv At-l-ns {]km-[-I.
]pkvX-I-n\p t\sc hnai-\--fpbm {]o ]n-t-j _pnwKns\ _m[npsamWv {]km-[-IcpsS `oXn. ]pkvX-I-sa-gp-n \nv
tImSn--W-n\v cq]-bpsS BkvXn
kz-am-n-bn-p-b
- m-fmWv dpivvZn.
]pXnb ]pkvXIw hnnpth,- A-tl-n\v Ghpw Db kpJ-\n-e-hmc-n Pohn-m. Fnpt]mepw
{]km-[-I-cpsS em`hpw AXn\np Xs Hml-cnbpw Ipd-p-t]mIm-Xn-cn-m-\mbn ]pkvXI
- \
- n-cq-]I
- c
- psS
hmb aqSn-s-nb \S-]-Snsb
]qWambpw AwKo-Ic
- n-n-cn-p-p,
Cu "Bhn-jvImckzmX-{y-ns ]Sbm-fn.' Xopw kzm`m-hn-Ihpw ]etmgpw A\n-hm-cy-hp-amb kmln-Xy-hnai-\t- m-Sp-t]mepw ]cn-lm-ky-amb
Ak-ln-jvWpX ]pep dpjvZnsb-tm-ephsc Bhn-jvIm-ck
- zm-X{y-ns Atm-kvXe
- am-cmbn
C\nbpw Npa-p-\-S-m _pn-Po-hnI k--am-I-cp-Xv. dpivZn-bp-sSbpw
{]km-[-I-cp-sSbpw \ne-]m-Snse P\m[n-]-Xy-hn-cp-X XpdpImp {it-

P\m-[n-]Xyw atX-X-c-Xznsbpw ssa{Xn-bp-sSbpw


\n_--\-I-fm \nb{nXambncn-Wsa bm-YmYyw
Bs-nepw \ntj-[n-m
Ign-bptam? CUy-bnse
apkvenw-Is-Xnsc hnjw
Nom B.-Fkv.-F-kpImpw cmPv Xm-sdpw
{]ho sXmKm-Un-bpw Ahkcw \I-emWv P\m-[n-]-Xyns Xm]-cy-sav BhnjvIm-c-kzm-X-{-y-ns t]cn
\_n-\n-sb \ymbo-I-cn-p
_pn-Po-hn-I A`n-{]m-b-sSptam?

2013 P\phcn

37

b-am-sbmcp teJ\w sk]vw-_ 25\v


lk kpdq Zn lnp Zn\-]-{X-nse-gp-Xn-bn-cp-p. {]Xo-n--s--Xpt]m-se, AXv Gsd-sbmpw N-bmbn-. aoUn-b-bm-W-tm, FmWv N
sN-s-tS-s
- Xpw Fns\bmWv
hnkvar-Xn-sImv aqtS-s
- Xpw BXyn-I-ambn Xocp-am-\n-p--Xv.
\_n-\nm tXmn-hm-k
- v
Bh-njvImc kzmX-{y-ns ]pI-a-dbp]tbmKnv kwc-Ww \IpI
hgn, km{am-PyXzw bYmY-n ]bp-Xv Hcp X{-am-Wv. Ckvem-an-s\-Xnsc-bp BZi-bp-
- n Dbnn-Sn-m-hp Hm--c-samcp {]tabw
F \ne-mWv BhnjvImc
kzmX{ys AXv ]cnKWnpXv.
B[p\nIXbpsS t\w P\m-[n-]Xyhpw P\m-[n-]-Xy-ns Icpv
hnai-\k
- zm-X{- y-hp-am-sW kmam\y-[m-cW
- I
- sf NqjWw sNbvXv
apkvenw-I hnai-\-kzm-X-{ysbpw P\m-[n-]-Xy-bpw AwKo-I-cnm--hcpw AXn-\mXs B[p-\nI-bp-K
- n \ne-\nm-\l-Xb
- n-m a[y-Ime a\-n-Xn-m-cp-amsWv m]n-s-Sp-m-\pw, C-csamcp "Imew sXnb \n]n\v'
t{]cnnv apkvenw-Isf hgn-]n-g-n-pXv Ckvem-anI {]am-W
- f
- m- sWv
hcp-n-om-\p-amWv aoUn-bsb
D]-tbm-Knv km{am-PyXzw Ctm {ianp--Xv. \_n-\n--sbbpw Bhn-jvIm-ckzm-X-{y-sbpw ]c-kv]cw _nn--h-X-cn-n-p--Xnse Im]-Syhpw
sshcp-[y-fpw bpn-cm-ln-Xyhpw adp-shv Fp-hn-e-sImSppw Cu
Ifhv m]n-m km{am-Py-Xz-]w
]mSp-s]-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. \oN-amb
Um\njv Im-Wp-Isf \new
\ymbo-I-cn-psImv t]mv s_\UnIvv ]Xn-\m-dm-a 2006
dosK_Kv kh-Im-em-im-eb
- n \Snb {]`m-jWw, Cu {]h-W-X-bpsS
Ghpw Ip{]-kn--amb {]Xyfnsemmbncpp. bpnsbbpw
P\m[n]Xyaqeysfbpw
{]Xn\n[oIcnp {InkvXp-a-X-hpambn "Nnm-kzm-X{- y-n Atijw
hnizm-k-an-m' Ckvemw \S-n-smn-cn-p kwkvIm-cnI kwL--\ns DZm-lc
- W
- a
- m-bn-mWv Um\njv
Imq-Wp-Is- Xn-cn-ep {]Xn-tj-

[s Atlw Xs {]kw-Kn
hne-bn-cp-n-b-Xv.(3) B[p-\nI P\m-[n]-Xy-aq-ey-f
- p-ambn {InkvXp-aX
- nt\m Itm-enm k`tm hntijnv _-sam-p-an-s-pw,
kzX{Nnsbbpw bpn
D]tbmKnp At\zjWsfbpw
aphn-[n-I-fn-m hnai-\-]-T-\-sfbpw kXym-t\z-jW XrjvW
- s
- bbpw
t{]mkm-ln-n-p-Xv {InkvXp-aX
- a adnv Ckvemw BsW-pw, \_n\nm hnhm-Z-ns ImX BhnjvImc kzmX-{y-a-spw D efnX
hkvXp-X-Isf IgppsRcn-v -sIm-psIm-mWv t]mv ChnsS km{amPyXz
\pWIfpsS saKmt^mWmbn kzbw
{]Xy-s
- -Sp-X
- v. ]utcm-ln-Xyhpw
km{am-Py-Xzhpw tN-XmWv B[p\nI bpK-nse Ghpw henb
NqjI Ap-Xs
- v Xn-ap-h
- v
t]mns {]kw-K-n Xosc AXv`pXw tXmpI-bn-s-X
- mWv kXyw.
D-cm-[p-\nI Am-Z-anI _pnPo-hn-I-fn {]ap-J-\mb Xem AkZv
Ckvem-an-s\bpw {InkvXp-aX
- s
- bpw
]n t]mpw km{am-Py-Xzhpw ]p-shp-Ibpw {]N-cn-n-p-Ibpw sNp
Cu [mc-W-Isf hni-Zhpw kqv-a-hpambn {]iv\-hI-cn-n-p-v. Um\njv
Imq hnhm-Z
- ns ]m-Xe
- n Fgp-Xnb {]kn--amb {]_-n, \_n-\n Bhn-jvIm-c-kz-m-X{y-ns hcp-Xn-bn hcp-sav ]dbp bqtdm-]y _pn-Po-hn-Iv
Hcp Iem-Im-cs\ A]-am-\n-p-I-sb
ey-tm-Sp-IqSn At-l
- ns IemkrjvSn hnIr-X-amb coXnbn ]p\krjvSnv P\--fpsS apn Ah-X-cn-nm asm-cmv Ah-Im-ia
- p-sv
]d-bm Ign-bptam Fv Atlw
tNmZn-p-p-v.(4) t_m[y-s-Sm-hv Ckvem-an Ahn-iz-kn-m-\p
kzmX-{y-stbm Ckvem-an-s\tbm
{]hm-N-I-s\tbm hnain-m-\p
Ah-kcstbm A apkvenw-I
tNmZyw sNp-s
- X-pw, t_m[-]qhw
A]-am-\n-m-\pw thZ-\n-n-m-\pw
D {ia--sf-bmWv Ah FXnp-sXpw kzbw Hcp hnizm-kn-bm AkZv icn-bmbn Nqn-m-Wnp-p.(5) Ak-Zns Ghpw {it-bamb \nco--Ww, \_n-\n--I
apkvenw a\-pIsf apdn-s-Sp-m-\p-

apX-em-fnw kzmX-{y-sbpw
P\m-[n-]-Xy-sbpw kw_nv hmNm-e-am-Ip-Xv
BmY-ambnsv BmW-dn-p-Iq-Sm-Xv. \_n-\nv atX-X-c-Xz-nsbpw
P\m-[n-]-Xy-n-sbpw kwcWw t\Sn-sb-Sp-m-\p
AS-hp-\bw am{X-amWv BhnjvIm-c-kzm-X-{y-tm-Sp
t{]ahpw A\p-_ hnem-]-fp-sav Ncn{Xw hmbn-p-hsmw a\-n-em-Ipw.

t-in-p-X
- mWv F hkvXp-Xb
- n
tIo-Ic
- n-p-X
- m-Wv. a\p-jy-cpsS
a\v apdn-s-Sp-m ]mSn-sv
hniz-kn-p--h Xs-bmWv, AkZns ho-W
- n bqtdm-]y
atXXchmZnI. ]s apkvenw-Isf
Ah a\p-jy-cmbn ]cn-K-Wn-p-n-s-XmWv {]iv\s
- av Atlw hni-Zo-Icn-p-p. F-s\-bmWv bqtdm-]y
atX-Xc B[p-\n-IX "a\p-jys\'
\nh-Nn-p-Xv F At\z-jWamWv \_n-\nm kw`-h--fpsS
]m-Xe
-
- n ASn-m-\]
- c
- a
- mbn
\nh-ln-s
- -tS-s
- X-mWv AkZns ]w. ]mm-Xy {In-kvXym-\nbmWv "atX-Xc' B[p-\n-IX \nh-Nnp amXrIm a\p-jy. a\-n\v
apdn-thm-Xn-cn-m-\p Ah-Imiw
Cu "amXrIm a\p-jy'p-X
- m-Wv.
apkvenw-I Ccw amXrIm/]qW
a\p-jycm-X
- p-sImv A]-am-\n-s-Sm-Xn-cn-m-\p Ah-Imiw
Ahn-s-mWv B[p-\n-IX
- b
- psS
ho-Ww. AXp-sImv Ah-cp-sS
2013 P\phcn

38

{]hm-N-I-s-\ ]v sXdn-hn-fn-m
`c-W-Iq-S--fpsS au\m-\p-hmZw e`np-p. Ak-Zns hmp-I IS-saSpp ]d-m, apkvenw-I
Ctmgpw "]qW-a-\p-jy-cpsS \nehmcw' {]m]n-n-ns {]Xy-bi
- mkv{X
\ne-]m-SmWv Um\n-jv Imq
hnhmZw BXy-n-I-ambn shfn--psIm-p-h
- X
- v.(6) tdmam km{am-Py-n
\npw sImtfm-Wn-be
- n-k
- n \npw
ss]Xr-I-ambn e`n hrn-sI
hwiob lpv bqtdm-]y km{am-Py-hmZn-If
- n Ctmgpw t\n-n-sv
Npcp-w. X am{X-amWv a\p-jyscpw apkvenw-I arK-k-am-\-cmsWpw hniz-knv Hcp kwLw hwish-dn-bam \S-p sXdnb`ntjI-sf C\nbpw \mw Bhn-jvImc
kzmX-{y-ns IW-n-eps]Spn kwcntWm F-XmWv
Ghpw {]k--amb tNmZyw.
\_n\nI D]mZnnnp
apkvenw hntcm[w bqtdm-n-sebpw
Ata-cn-b
- n-sebpw icm-ic
- n
]ucamcpsS at\m-\ne
sXnpwhn[w i-ambnsmn-cnp-I-bm-Wn-tm. Nne sh-m-scnepw Bbp-[-sa-Spv bqtdm-]y
sXcp-hp-I-fn apkvenw-Isf th-bmSm XpSnbncn-p-p-sh hkvXpX
Gsd `oXn DWp--Xm-Wv. 2011
Pqsse 22\mWv t\msh-bnse
Hmkvtem-bn shv BtUgvkv
s_lvdnwKv s{_bvhnv F
heXp] {InkvXy Xo{h-hmZn
apkvenw-Isf e-y-amn Hmkvtem
\K-c-n t_mw_v kvt^mS-\hpw
sXmpSp Htmb Zzo]n shSnshpw "kwL-Sn-n--Xv'. Fgp-]-nbmtdmfw ]-a-\p-jy-cmWv s{_bvhnns Ckvemw hncp `oIc{]h\-n\v Cc-bmbn ]nS-phoWv
acn--Xv. kb-WnpIfp-ambn IqptNv apkvenw-Isf bqtdm-n \nv
Xpc-W
- s
- a
- v Gsd\mfmbn
hmZnpsImn-cp Cu km{am-PyXz
]-]mXn, apkvenw kmn-[y-ns
thc-dp-t-X
- n-tbpw ]Sn-m-dns
"kmwkvIm-cnI hnipn' Imp-kq-nt-Xnsbpw "Bhiy-IX
- 'bpw
coXnimkv{Xhpw hni-Zo-I-cn-p Hcp
"am\n-s^tm'bpw {]kn-o-Ic
- n-n-pv. apkvenw `oI-c-X-sb-p-dnv

kNn{X Ihtm-dn-I \ntXy\


{]kn-o-I-cn-m-dp apX-em-fn
am[y-a-, s{_bvhn-ns `oI-c-{]h-\s am\-kn-It- cm-Kn-bpsS
Nm]-ey-hpw sshIr-X--fp-ambn Nn{XoI-cn-m thn ]mSp-s]-Sp-I-bm-bn-cpp. s{_bvhn-ns "at\m-tcmKw'
Ckvemw `oXn-bm-sWpw B "at\mtcmKw' Irjn sNbvXXv apX-em-fnhpw anj-\-dn-amcpw aoUn-bbpw
tN-msWpw bqtdm-]y cmjv{Se-hamcn ]epw AtX "at\mtcmKw' Dspw D hkvXp-XI
- s
- fbmWv Ah ]cn-KW
- n-m Iqm-m-Xncp-X
- v.
2009 Xs kam-\-amb Hcp
kw`hw Pa\n-bn \npw dntmv
sN-s-n-cp-p. am[ya--fpsS kl-Pamb ]-]m-Xn-Xz- ImcWw AXn`o-I-c-amb B kw`-hhpw bYm-co-Xnbn Gsd-sbmpw N sN-s-ns-p-am-{Xw. Pa-\n-bnse Hcp
kvt]mSvkv {Kun kmbm kabv Fn-bX
- m-bn-cpp CuPn]vjy
thcp-I-fp ah Aen A_o\n
F apkvenw h\n-Xbpw Ah-cpsS
IpSpw-_hpw. CtX-t\-cv {Kun-epm-bn-cp AseIvkv hnbkv F
djy hwi-P-\mb Pa ]ucs
ktlm-Zco-]p{X\pw ah-bpsS
]p{X\pw Xn Ipn-I Xn
km[m-cW
- b
- p-m-Im-dp Xcw \nm-camb X-ap-m-bn. Xw ]cn-l-cnm-s\-nb ah-tbmSv AseIvkv
tNmZn-X
- v, "Ckvem-anI `oI-ch
- m-Znbpw
arK-k-am-\-bp-amb \n\v Pa-\n-bn
FmWv Imcyw' FmWv! Ckvem-anI
hkv{X-[m-c-W-co-Xn-b-\p-k-cnv Xe-a-dn-cpp F-msX `oIchm-Zn-I-fpamtbm arK-f
- p-amtbm _-ap-mIm X bmsXm-cp Iphpw ah
sNbvXn-cp-n-. AXp-sImpXs,
Xs A[n-t-]nv kwkm-cn--Xnep {]Xn-tj[w tcJ-s-Sp-nsmv ah AseIvkn\Spv \nv
\Sp\on. DS Xs ahp
]nmse HmSn-sv Xs In-ep-mbn-cp In-sImv Ahsc Bmp-Ip-n-sm-es
- -Sp-p-Ib
- mWv
AseIvkv sNbvX-Xv. Xs {]nb-Xasb c-s-Sp-m-\mbn HmSn-sb-nb
ah-bpsS `m-hn-s\bpw Abm
At\Iw XhW Ipn apd-nth]n-

Nmth kvt^mS-\--sfbpw
`oI-cm-{I-a-W--sfbpw t\mnm-Wp AtX Itm-Sp-IqSn
XmSnsbbpw ]Z-sbbpw ]nan-\m-c--sfbpw t\mp
Ah--bn-tev \psS
skp-e t_m[w ]cmh\w sN-s-Sp-I-bm-Wv.
_nem-Z-\pw apl-Zv
\_nbpw Htc Xqh-]-n-Ifmbn hne-bn-cp--s-Sp
nXn-hn-tijw \ne-hn hcptm {]Xn-tcm-[-n-\p
km-l- kap-Zm-b-n
\nv F{X-t- mfapm-Ippv F-XmWv tNmZyw.
2013 P\phcn

39

p. Zmcp-W-amb Cu kw`-h- apgph \S-Xv cv sNdnb Ipn-I-fpsS


apn shm-sW-p-Iq-Sn-tbmp-mgmWv Ase-Ikns ss]im-Nn-IX
]qW-ambn shfn-s-Sp-I.
s{UUvk\nse tImS-Xn-ap-dn-bn hnNmc-W-s-nb ka-bv AseIvkv
hmZn--Xv, a\p-jysc am{Xsa A]-am-\nm Ignbq Fpw ah (apkvenw
Bb-Xp-sImv) Hcp a\p-jy
Aspw AXn-\m Xs Xm
sIme-]m-X-I-n\papv ahsb A]am-\npkwkm-cn-p-sh tIkv \ne\np-n-s-p-am-Wv.
tImSXnapdnbn shv ahbpsS
`mhns\ B{Ianm\pw Cbm
apXncpIbpmbn.
Ckvemw hncp- -tem-_n-bpsS
\_n\nm Imw]bv bqtdm-]y
ss{IkvXh a\-p-I-fn F{X -h-enb
Zpxz-m[o-\amWv sNep-nsmncnp-Xv FmWv CsXmw hy-amp--Xv. bqtdm-n-sebpw Ata-cn--bnsebpw apkvenw kaq-l-pta
kwi-b
- nsbpw shdp-n-sbpw
`oXn-bp-sSbpw `mcw hp-ho-gp-tm
XIp-t]m-Ip-Xv sImn-tLmjn-s ]mm-Xy atX-Xc
- X
- z-nsbpw
P\m-[n-]X
- y-n-sbpw ASn-
- p-I
Xs-bm-Wv. {InkvXym-\n-I am{Xap Hcp bqtdm-n-s\-bmWv skIyp-ednkw ASn-m-\-]-c-ambn hn`m-h\w
sNbvXn-cp-Xv Fpw, Ckvemw bqtdmn t\Snb hf-tbm-Sp-IqSn Xe-\o-

n-p-S
- n-b Ak-ln-jvWpX
]mmXy atXXcXzns
aXklnjvWpXm
AhImihmZfpsS ]qv
]pdmpIbmWv sNpsXpw
D hnai-\- Am-\--sv
tXmn-n-p Xc-n-emWv Imcy aptm-p-t]m-bn-sm-n-cn-p-Xv. ]Snm-d "atX-Xc
- X
- z-'ns
hm-
- ]mmXy-kw-kvIm-cs
apkvenw-I "Aip--amp'Xns\-pdnv Akz--am--Ip-tm, CXv
IrXyambn sXfnbppvv. Imc-Ww,
AIo _nKvdman Nqn-m-Wn-p-Xp-t]m-se, ]Sn-mdv Hcp `qanimkv{X tahn-em-k-am-Wv. AhnsS
{InkvXym-\n-I-fpw apkvenw-Ifpw aX-anm--h-cp-sa-m-ap-v. ]Sn-m-d
kwkvIm-c-sap ]d-bp--Xv, AXn-\m
Xs, Ch-cp-sS-sbmw kwkvIm-cv {]mXn-\n-[y-ap- Hcp aghn
_lp-kz-cX
- b
- m-bn-mWv {]Zin-n-s-tS-Xv.(7) AXmWv aX-\n-c-t]--XbpsS Xm]cyw. AXn\phncp--am-bn,
]Sn-m-d \mSp-If
- n Pohn-
Xt-iobcmb apkvenw ]ucam-scbpw
Ah-cpsS kwkvIm-cs
- bpw "sshtZinI'ambn Nn{Xo-Ic
- n-p-Ibpw
{InkvXym-\n-If
- p-sSbpw `uXn-Ih
- m-Zn-If
- psSbpw kwkvImcs bqtdm-ns
"X\Xv tZio-bX'bmbn \nh-Nn-p-Ibp-am-Wv kwkvIm-cnI hnip-n-sb-pdnv hmNm-e-cm-Ip--h sNp--Xv.
AXn-\-hsc t{]cn-n-p--Xm-I-s,
apkvenw-I \_n-Ncy Dt]-n-m
k--am-Ip-n-s-Xpw. \_n-Ncy
A\p-k-cnv Pohn-p--Xp-sIm-pam{Xw Hcp P\-k-aqlw A]-c-h-cn-s-Sp nXn-hn-ti-ja
- p-m-bm
]ns aX-kzm-X{-y-n\pw atX-X-cXz-n\pw h AY-hp-aptm?
CUy-bnse lnp-Xz-hm-Zn-If
- psS
kwkvIm-cnI tZio-bXbpambn _s h-am-\--fn \nv Gsdsbmpw `n-a- ]Sn-m-d he-Xp]-
- ns hmZ-
- F-XmWv
hkvXp-X. X-fpsS tjmhn-\n-k-sbm-Wv, Cu IrXn-bn ]ehpcp Nqnm-Wn--Xp-t]m-se, Ah \_n-\n-I hgn km[m-c-W-m-cmb sh-mcpsS ta ASn-t]n-m {ian-p-Xv. aXkzmX-{-yn\v `oj-Wn-bmbn
hn-p Cu hKo-b-hm-Zn-I-fpsS

shdpv {]N-cWw krjvSn kzm`mhnI {]Xn-Ic


- W
-
- f
- mWv bYmY-n
t\mshbnepw Pa-\n-bn-ep-sams
Dm-bX
- v. \_n-\n-I
- s-Xn-sc-bp
{]Xn-tj[w apkvenwIfpsS am{Xw Dc-hm-Zn-a
- s
- pw atX-Xc
- X
- zhpw
ssa{Xnbpw \ne-\n-Ws
- a-m-{K-lnp P\m-[n-]-Xy-hn-izm-kn-I apgph \_n-\n--Isc H-s-Sp-m cwKp-ht- c-X
- p-spap bmYmYy-fmWv bqtdm-nepw Ata-cn--bnepw
Dm-bn-sm-n-cn-p ]pXnb am-fn \nv \mw hmbn-s-Sp-t--Xv.
\_n-\n--s-Xn-cn-ep P\-Io-b-{]-Xntcm[w Hcp kmaq-lnI A\n-hm-cy-Xbm-sWp Npcp-w. CXv a\-n-emmsX Bhn-jvIm-ck
- zm-X{- y-ns
sImSn-]n-Snv hgn-sXn \S-m-\mWv
C\nbpw atX-Xc _pnPohn-I-fpsS
`mh-sa-n AXn\psImSp-tnhcp hne hfsc hep-Xm-bn-cn-pw.
km{am-PyXzw aoUnbsb D]-tbmKnv \_n-\n--I-fn-eqsS temIw apgph Ckvemw `oXn hfm {ian-p-

\_n-\nm tXmn-hm-k-v
Bh-njvImc kzmX-{y-ns
]pI-a-d-bp]tbmKnv kwcWw \IpI hgn, km{amPyXzw bYmY-n ]b-p-Xv
Hcp X{-am-Wv. Ckvem-an-s\-Xnsc-bp BZi-bp--n
Dbn-n-Sn-m-hp Hm--csamcp {]tabw F \ne-mWv
BhnjvImc kzmX{ys
AXv ]cnKWnpXv.

2013 P\phcn

40

sIm-n-cn-p-I-bm-Wv. ahm A_o\n-am temI-s-m-bn-Spw shSnsImv hog-Ws


- ap Xs-bmWv
AXns Xocp-am\w. aX-ssa-{Xnp
t]cp-tI \psS tIcfw t]mepw apXem-fn-
- ns \_n-hn-tcm-[s
Bm-hn-tev kzmwio-Ic
- n-p-Xp-S
- pI-bm-Wv. apl-Zv \_nsbbpw \_nNcy ]np-S-cp apkvenw-I-sfbpw
kw_-n `oI-ca-- mb sXp-[m-c-W-I
Ctm tIc-f
- ns A-co
hmbp-hn t]mep-ap-v. tIc-f-ns
apw a\pw Ctm \_n-hn-tcm[w
sImv Ip-td-sbms hnj-en-]vXa
- m-bnon-p-s B-hn-izm-kns _e-n-emWv tIc-f-nse
Nne anj-\dn Iqm-bva-I- Ign-hjw \oN-amb Nne \_n-\n--Iv
]c-ky-ambn apXnp-t\m-n-b-Xv. Npm-d-bn hnX-cWw sN-s 123 ]pd-fp hrn-sI \_n-\nm
]pkvX-Ihpw sXmSp-]p-gn-bnse Hcp
ss{IkvX-h-I-em-e-b-n _n. tImw
]co-p thn Xm-dm-nb tNmZyt]--dn Ahn-Sps A[ym-]-I
Ds]-Sp-nb \_nsb ]v
sXdn-]-d-bp kw`m-jW iI-ehpw
\psS ssa{Xo ss]Xr-I-n\pw ChnSps aXhnizm-kn-I ]pen-tmn-cp {]t_m-[\
- a
- c
- ym-ZI
- pw
Xopw A]-am-\-I-c-ambn amdn. AXnep-]cn, \_n-\n--Ip-thnbp
\oN-amb ]S-sbm-cp-
- tIc-f
- nen-tm kPo-h-am-sWpw Ah-s-Xncn i-amb {]Xn-tcm[ {]h-\ Dm-I-W-sa-pap ap-dn-bn-pI-fmWv Cu kw`-h- BXy-n-Iambn \Ip--Xv. kap-Zmb kv][
ey-amn {]hm-N-Is\ sXdnhnfnm Xp\n aeb-mfo \_n\n-Isc Ah ]nSn-n-cp aX-{]-t_m-[-\ns _m\ Ku\n-msX Xs
{]ap-J-cmb ss{IkvXh ]n-Xcpw
atX-Xckaq-lhpw A]-e-]n-Xpw `cW-IqSw i-amb \S-]-Sn-I kzoI-cn-Xp-amWv Ah-ti-jn-p Bizm-k. Cu Pm{KX \ne-\nm Ignm \_n-\n-I
- v tIc-f
- n
aptmp Ka\w A{X-sbmpw
kpJ-Ic
- a
- mbncnnsv {]Xym-inmw.
Ckvemw `oXnbpw \_n-hn-tcm-[hpw
tIc-f-nse Aapkvenw a\-p-Isf

sNdn-b -tXm-Xn-se-n-epw kzm[o-\n-pXp-S


- n-bn-cn-p-p-sh `oj-Wa
- mb
bmYmYys Kuc-h-X-c-ambn A`n-apJo-I-cn-m tIc-f-nse apkvenw
kwL-S\
- I
- fpw ]n-X
- m-cpw k-am-I-Ww. sI.sI. sImns\ t]mep
Iogmf] ZenXv _pnPo-hn-I-fn
\nv t]mepw, ssIsh-p-Im-cpsS
{]tNm-Z\w Ckvem-anI \nb-a
- f
- msWv [z\n-n-p Xc-n-ep
]cm-ai- cp-hjw app-Xs
Dm-bn(8) F bmYmYytmSv C\nbpw \mw ]pdw-Xn-cn-p-\n-p-Iq-Sm. 2012
HmKv ew `mjm-t]m-jn-Wn-bn Sn.
F {]Imiv Fgp-Xnbnp "]pXnb
tIcfw' F IY, atX-X-c-kz-`m-hap Fgp-p-Im-cn t]mepw hfpsIm-n-cn-p Ckvemw `oXn-sb-bmWv
BXy-n-I-ambn {]Xn-^-en-n-p--Xv
Fv BmY-ambn hniz-knpbmfmWv Cu teJ-I. Nmth
kvt^mS-\
- s
- fbpw `oI-cm-{I-aW
-
- sfbpw t\mn-m-Wp AtX ItmSp-IqSn XmSnsbbpw ]Z-sbbpw ]n-an\m-c--sfbpw t\mp Ah--bntev \psS skp-e t_m[w
]cm-h\w sN-s-Sp-Ib
- m-Wv.
_nem-Z-\pw apl-Zv \_nbpw Htc
Xqh-]
- n-If
- mbn hne-bn-cp-s
- Sp nXn-hn-tijw \ne-hn hcptm {]Xn-tcm-[-n-\p km-l kap-Zm-b-n \nv F{X-tmfapm-Ip-pv F-XmWv
tNmZyw. Hmdn-b-en-p-I Hcp-n-shn-p h-\m-I
- a
- mb
"hnhc'tiJcw anj-\dn IrXn-I-fn-eqsSbpw Cs\v sskpI-fn-eq-sSbpw

Bg-ap ]T-\-fpw AXn-i-amb {]N-cW {]h-\fpw apl-Zv \_n-bp-ambn


_-sv \S-m-\p D-chm-Zn--amWv Ckvem-anI
{]t_m-[-Iv hp-tNn-cnp--Xv. CXn\v ss[j-Wn-Iambn henb A[zm-\--fm-h-iyap-v.

2013 P\phcn

km[m-cWmcmb Aapkvenw ktlm-Zc--fpsS hsc Xe-tm-dn-tep {]thin-p-Ig


- n-n-p-v Ctm tIc-fn. {]Xn-tcm-[-n\v sNdp-k-m-l aXn-bm-hn-s-Yw. Bg-ap
]T-\-fpw AXn-i--amb {]N-cW
{]h-\-fpw apl-Zv \_n-bpambn _-s \S-m-\p D-chm-Zn--amWv Ckvem-anI {]t_m-[Iv hp-tNn-cn-p--Xv. CXn\v
ss[j-Wn-I-ambn henb A[zm-\--fmh-iy-ap-v. hnNm-c-ns aqe-[-\-ap-ht Cu {]Xn-tcm-[-n kPo-h-amIm Ign-bq. hnIm-cs Ae-m-cambn sImp-\S-
- p-h
- tImSm-ensImv ssI shn "{]iv\w ]cn-l-cnpI' F hnh-ct- -Sn\pXs-bmWv
apXn-cp-I, ImcWw AXn\v akvXnjvI
hymbm-a--fpsS Bh-iy-an--tm.
Ckvemw `oI-ch
- m-Za
- m-sW apX-emfn hmZ-n\v kmy-]{- X-f
- p-mnsmSppI F-Xn Ihn
bmsXmcp "D]-Im-chpw' Cm Cu
Xo{h-hm-Zn-Isf \_n-\n--s-Xn-cn-ep
{]Xn-tcm[w G]n-p-X
- n-\p-]I
- cw
Btem-N-\m-]qh-amb {]t_m-[-\-{]h-\
- f
- n-tev {]th-in-m
apkvenw-Iv Ign-m tIcfw
amdpI Xs sNp-sa--Xn\v Ncn{Xw
kmn.
Ipdn-p-I:
1. Xkveoam hnhm-Zns hni-Zmwiv ImWpI: sNdnbapw
A_vZp laoZv aZ\n, Ckvemw hnaiIcpw Ah-cpsS Xev hne- ]-d-bp-hcpw (tImgn-tmSv: bphX _pv
lukv, 1994).
2. For details, see Saba Mahmood,
'Religious Reason and Secular Affect: An
Incommensurable Divide?', In Talal Asad
et al, Is Critique Secular? Blasphemy,
Injury and Free Speech( Berkeley: The
Townsend Center for the Humanities,
University of California, 2009), pp.83-85.
3. Talal Asad, 'Free speech, Blasphemy and
Secular Criticism', In Talal Asad et al, op.
cit, p. 21.
4. Ibid, p. 27.
5. Ibid, p. 38.
6. Ibid, p. 56.
7. Akeel Bilgrami, 'Rushdie and the Reform
of Islam', Grand Street, Vol.8, No.4
(summer,1989), p.172.
8. ]-p-Xnc amkn-I, sk]vw-_ 2010.-

41

aZyhpw aZncmnbpw
ss{IkvXh tNmZyv {InkvXphns adp]Sn

Cukm s]cpmhq
tbip-{In-kX
v phpw apl-Zv \_nbpw Htc amK-n-tev Wn
{]hm-N-Iam-cm-bn-cpp. ]s, apl-Zv \_nsb tbip-{In-kvXphns ]nKm-an-bmbpw ]cn-ip IzpB Ana thZ-{K-ambpw
hnizknph Cs {InkvXym\nkw {InkvXphns aXaspw
ss__n ssZhnI {Kaspw IqSn XncndnbphcmWv. aplZv \_n-bpsS A[y-]\
-
- sf hymP-am-sWv m]n-p-hm GXw
hscbpw t]mIp ss{IkvX-h-cpsS {]h-\-sf AXp-sIm-pXs \ne-\n]n-\m-bp- kzm`m-hnI {]Xn-I-c-W-ambn hne-bn-cp-mhp--Xm-Wv. ]t, Ckvemans\-Xn-cm-bp- Btcm-]W \nan-Xn-bn
Gs-n-cn-p anj-Wd
- n-Ifpw Asm-fP
- n-p-Ifpw ]e-tmgpw kzw
aX-]-cn-[n-I ewLn-p-Ibpw X-fpsS eyw- Xs ad-p-t]m-IpIbpw sNp-p-sh--XmWv hkvXp-X.
Ckveman-s\-Xnsc ]S-\-bn-p-hm-\mbn Hp-an ss{IkvXh hn`mK-fpw apn \nnb Xncp-h-m IrjvWIp-n-bpsS Ah
Rm- apv hnh-cn-p-h-tm. CXn-t\mSv cq-ambn {]Xn-I-cnv ss{I-kvX-h amK-kn-\p-I-fnepw sh_vssk-p-I-fnepw ]{X--fnepw N-I
\-S-pIbp-mbn. Fm tJZ-I-c-sav ]d-b-s, Ch-scmw Fs
hn-ain-p-Ibpw As\ Hcp kw`hw \S-n-n-sv hcpnophm-\p-amWv IjvSs
- -X
- v. Fm Ch-cn Hcm t]mepw R Xncph-m-dn-t\mSv tNmZn- Imcy-v Fv adp-]-Sn-bmWv {InkvXp-a-X-m-v ]dbphm\p-sXv shfn-s-Sp-n-bn-n-m-sb-X
- mWv kXyw.
2013 P\phcn

42

tbip-{InkvXp Bscbpw sImn-n-,


Bscbpw sImp-hm I]n-n-n-. BcpsSbpw hkvXp- sIm-ap-X-embn A\p-`-hnn-n-. ]t apl-Zv i{Xp--tfmSv bpth-f-I-fn Cn-[-samw {]hn-n-p-v.
AXp-sIm-v tbi-p-{In-kvXp-hn-sbpw apl--Znsbpw A[ym-]-\- hyXy-kvX-am-Wv; [manI-ambn hf-sc-b[
- nIw Db-XmWv tbip-{InkvXp-hns PohnXw Fsms P]n--htcmSv Nne tNmZy- R D-bn-p-I-bpm-bn. tbip-{In-kvXp-hns {]h\w apgph hnebncpphm, ss{IkvXh hnizm-k{]-Imcw amXm-hns DZcw apX `qan-bn
Pohn 33 hj-mew am{Xw Ns-bvs-SppXv ]cym-]vX-a-. Cu Ime-b-f-hn am\pjnI _e-lo-\-X-Ifpw ]cn-an-Xn-Ifpw Dm-bncp hynXzsb, adnv Cu a\p-jym-hXm-c-n\v apv Atlw k-i--\m-bn-cp
GI ssZh-am-bn-cppshv hniz-kn-p--Xn\m-emWv ss{IkvX-h-cpsS BZiw _lp-ssZh-hn-izmkam-sbv Ahs-nepw hniz-knp-hm km[n-p--Xv. Cu ImX-emb
Xzs adv t]mIp-Itbm adp]nSn-pItbm sNbvXp-sIm-mWv Xncp-h- mdpw av
hnai-Icpw am{X-a At-ls CXp-hsc
t{]mm-ln-n apgp-h ss{IkvX-hcpw
Ckvem-an-s\-Xnsc hnai-\- D-bn--Xv.

apIqn hne-bn-cp-n-bn-cp-n-. Fn n]vX-am-p-hm


Ign-bm-{X a\p-jysc btlmh sImn-p-spw AhcpsS hkvXp- sIm-ap-X-embn hoXw hv hnizm-knIpw AXn-semcp ]v X\npw hI amn hn-pspw hmbn-m--h-c ss{IkvX-h. Fm GI\mb btlm-h-bpsS {]h-\-n GsX-nepw hn[n, Hcp iX-am-\-ns Awi-sa-nepw tbip-{In-kvXphn\v D-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ap-m-bn-cp-p-shv hniz-kn-p-hm
ss{IkvX-hv cm-bncw sIm-am-bnpw km[n-n-n-
F ASp-fclkyw Cu kw`-h-n-eqsS Am-Sn-]mmbn Xon-p-v. At\Iw ss__n tImf-Pp-Ifpw
skan-\m-cn-Ifpw aT--fp-samw m]n-v \qm-p-I-fmbn
]Tn-n-npw btlm-hbpw tbiphpw Hm-sWv ]Tn-np--htm ]Tn--htm, tcmK-imn t\Sn-b-htm,
ssIb-Sn-h
- tm, kwKo-Xh
- n-cp-n aXn-ad
-
- h
- tm,
_ncp-Z- _
- n-cp-Zm-c ssZh-im-kv{X-tm Bpw
Xs km[n-n-n-m-sb-Xv F{X-am{Xw Ap-XI
- c
- a
- m-Wv.
Hcp Iw ]d-m ]eXv ]d-tb-n-h-cp-sapw Hv
s]mfn-m _mn-bp-Xpw IqsS s]mfn-bp-sapw
D {]Ir-Xn-Xzw ChnsSbpw BhnpIbmWv.
apl-Zv \_n ]Tn-n bp- bp-m-\-c-\n-b-a-
Gsd-psd kam-\-amb coXn-bn btlmh {]hm-N-Iamcn-eqsS ]Tn-n-n-pv Fv hy-amb t_m[y-ap-m-bn-cns-Xs, Ckvemans\ hnain-Ww F
\n__pn-bn sa\-s-Sp A\m-hiy Btcm-]W- Cv Xs-Xn-cmbn B-Sn-p-p-shv
anj-W-dn-am Xncn--dn-bp-p. tbmip-h-bpsS Imev
BIm-iv \nv Iag s]n-nv Bbn-c-sf
sImsm-Sp-nb btlm-hbpw \n-fpsS tbiphpw HmsWn, tbip Bscbpw sImn-n Fv ]d-bp-Xv
F-s\-sbv tNmZn-t- m, I-n-en-cn-p {XnXzw
hnvIf-n-s-nepw Ckvemans\Xn-sc-bp- Btcm-]Ww
\ne-\nm ssIs]m-nb Xncp-h-m D-c-n
Xn-b-tm Hpw e`n-n-sv am{X-a {XnXzs
\ntj-[n--Xns t]cn ss{IkvX-h-cn \npw am\-kn-

Xncp-h- m-dns A_{]kw-K


- fpw
]pkvX-I-fpw Ftm henb Imcy-ambn
ss{IkvXh Ckvemw hnizm-kn-I-fpsS apn
Ah-X-cn-n ss{IkvXh ssZh-imkv{X
]n-Xamtcm ]cn-ip-m-\
- n-b{- -Wa
- psv hmZn-p km[m-cW
-
- m-cmb
ss{IkvXht{imXm-tfm Bcpw Xs Cu
hnj-b-n\v C-s\mcp ]cy-h-km\w

Ckveman-s\-Xnsc ]S-\-bn-p-hm-\mbn apn \n-n-b Xncp-h-m IrjvWIp-n-bpambp A-`n-apJ-n-t\mSv cq-ambn {]Xn-I-cnv ss{IkvXh amK-kn\p-If- nepw sh_vssk-p-If- nepw ]{X-f- nepw N-I \S-pIbp-mbn. Fm tJZ-Ic- s- av ]d-bs- ,
C-h-scmw As\ Hcp kw`hw \S-n-n-sv h-cpn-op-hm-\mWv IjvS-s--Xv. Ch-cn H-cm--t]mepw R Xncp-h-m-dn-t\mSv tNmZn- Imcy-v Fv adp-]-Sn-bmWv {InkvXp-a-X-mv ]dbphm\p sX-v shfn-s-Sp-n-bn-n-m-sb--XmWv kXyw.
2013 P\phcn

43

AXns\ \ntcm-[n-n-cn-p Fv IzpB hy-am-nbn-p-v. DZ-c-kw-_--amb tcmK-n\v Bizmkw e`n-p-Xn\v A]w hov IpSn--W-sav Xntam-sY-tbmkns\ D]-tZ-in-p- ]utemkpw hons Huj-[KpWw k-Xn-p-p. tbip-{In-kvXp-hns BZys
Ap-X-ambn ss__n ]d-bp-Xv ]-sh-w
homn FXm-Wv. Ah BZyw hnf-nb hon-t\m Db \ne-hmcw ]pep--Xm-sWpw tbmlm Fgp-Xp-p. am{X-a apIme {]hm-N-Iam-cn
]ecpw hov IpSnv kpt_m[w \jvS-s IY-Ifpw
ss__n-fn tcJ-s-Sp-p-Ibpw Ah-sbm-sbpw NsN--s-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn-p-v. Fm Hcp {InkvXym\nsb kw_-n-n-S-tmfw ]utemkv ]d-bp hopw
tbip cq]-amw hcp-nb hopw Hpw- Xs el-cnbp-m-p--h-b-. adnv Ah-sbmw apncn Pyqkns
hI-t`Z- am{X-am-Wv. AtXt]mse tbip Hgn-p-
Bcpw amXr-I-tbm-Ky-cm-sWv Ah hniz-kn-p-pan-.
Fm Ckvemans Imcyw A-s\-b-.

tbip-{In-kvXp-hns {]h\w apgp-h hn-e-bncp-phm, ss{IkvXh hnizm-k-{]-Imcw amXm-hns


D-Zcw apX `qan-bn Pohn 33 hj-mew am{Xw N-s-bvs-Sp-pXv ]cym-]vX-a-. Cu Ime-b-f-hn
am-\p-jnI _e-lo-\X
- I
- fpw ]cn-an-Xn-Ifpw Dm-bn-cp
hy-IvXnXzsb, adnv Cu a\p-jym-h-Xm-c-n\v apv
A-t-lw k-i--\m-bn-cp GI ssZh-am-bn-cppsh-v hniz-kn-p--Xn-\m-emWv ss{IkvX-h-cpsS BZ-iw _lp-ssZ-h-hn-izmkam-sbv Ahs-nepw
hniz-kn-p-hm km[n-p--Xv.

I-]o-U\w IqSn A\p--`hn-pp FmWv a\n-em-m km[n-X


- v. Fm Ct-ls
ho-ap-n-p tIaam Bcpw Xs DNnX-amb Hcp adp-]Sn At-l-n\v ]d-p-sImSp-s-nepw ]db-n-n-p-hm {ian-p-n
FXn hnj-bs kXy-k--ambn A]-{KYn-p ss{IkvX-hv t]mepw ]cm-Xn-bp-v
F Imcyw tPmk tX-Sb
- nens\t]mep- sshIm-cnI {]I-S-\-msc
Adn-bn-p-Ib
- m-Wv.

`qan-bn aZyw \ntcm-[n Ckvemw ]mc-{XnIPohn-Xn aZy-ns Acp-hn-I \Ip-sapw Ah t\Snsb-Sp-p hnj-b-n a\p-jy hmin-]n-Sn--W-sapw
]d-bp--Xnse Cc--mv ss{IkvX-hsc sRn-n-cn-p-Ibm-Wv. aZyw Dt]-nv kqv-a-X-tbmsS `qan-bn Pohn
\-h-cmb Bfp-I-sfms ]c-tem-Iv IpSnv
kzt_m[w \inv No-hn-fnpw A\ysc iey-s-Spnbpw ]nSn-p-]-dnpw sIm-b-Snpw _emkwKw
sNbvXp-sams ]m]-n hoWp t]mInt FXmWv
Ch-cpsS Bi-. Cu H-m-cWw am{X-sa-Spv
apkvenwI-sfmv Nnn-n-cp-s-n IzpB Ah-X-cnn ssZhw tX CjvSsSph\msWpw hnn-Ifmb Ad-_n-Isf hebn hogvphm apl-Zv \_nbpsS am\p-jnI_pn-bn DZn {]tem-`\ X{--fmWv
Chsbpw Ffp--n Xncn--dn-b-s-Sp-am-bn-cp-pFmWv Ch Icp-Xp--Xv.

\apv hnj-b-n-tev hcmw.


Ckvemans\ AIn\np-hm thn am{Xw
sa\-s-Sp bp--bp-m-\-c \S-]-Sn-I,
tbip-{In-kvXp-hns bYmY Ah-s
- bv
ss{IkvX-h hniz-kn-p btlm-h-bpsS
`mKv \npw apv hni-Zo-I-cn-n-cp-p. B
teJ-\-n ss{IkvXh hmb-\-m-cpsS
{]tXyI kuI-cy-n-\mbn btlm-hs
- b
ss__n `mKv tbip-shv D]-tbm-Kn-pI-bmWv sNbvXX
- v. ss{IkvXh
- h
- o-W
- {- ]Imcw Cu ssZh\ma cq]m-cw ]nghnmXn-\m XpSpw teJ-I B
kzmX-{yw D]-tbm-Kn-p-Ib
- m-Wv. Cu
{]mhiyw N sN-s-Sp--Xv aZyw, aZncmn F hnhm-Zh
- n-jb
- a
- m-Wv.

CXn\v adp-]Sn ]d-bp k`-n ]m]w, kzKw,

kzK-n aZy-ns Acp-hn-I


aZyw ]m]-f
- psS amXm-hm-sWpw AXv
a\p-jys kpt_m-[s \in-n-p-pshpw Fm-hpw Adn-bmw. Fm `qcn]w hcp a\p-jy X-fpsS ktm-jn-sbpw Dm-k
- n-sbpw Znh-k
- f
- n
aZyw hnfn BtLm-jn-p-Ibpw sNp-p.
aZy-n\v Nne KpW--fp-s-nepw Ah-bpsS
Zqjyw KpW-t-m A[n-Ia
- m-bX
- n-\m
2013 P\phcn

44

Ahn-sS-bp- aZy-ns kz`mhw, kzK-hmkn-IfpsS Ah Fnhsbms FmsWv hy-ambn hni-Zo-I-cn-t-n-h-cpw.


]m]-sa-m ssZh-ns I]-\I
- s
- f
ewLn-p--Xm-sWpw ssZhn\v Hcp
hkvXp \ntcm-[n-p-hm\pw A\p-h-Zn-m\pw
D Ah-Im-i-ap-spw AXn-\m aZyw
A\p-h-Zn-p ev D]-tbm-Kn--s-Sptm Ah ]m]-amIp-n-spw D
CkvemanI adp-]-Sn, [a-im-k-\-I-fpsS Xocpam-\m-[n-Imcw ssZh-n-\m-sWv k-Xn-p
GsXm-cmpw AwKo-Ic
- n-mhpXmWv.
XpSv kzK-nse aZyw, A-h-bpsS
kz`mhw, kzK-hm-kn-Ip-fpsS Ah Fnh
hni-Zo-I-cn-p IzpB hN-\-
{inpI.
nc-hm-k-n-\m-bp- kzK-tm-p-I-fn Ah {]thin-pw. Xo-bmbpw Ahs hmKvZm\w \S-n hcp-Xm-Ip-p. kam-[m\w AmsX \ncYIamb bmsXmpw
AhchnsS tIpIbn. XfpsS Blmcw
cmhnsebpw sshIptchpw AhhnsS
e`npXmWv.'' (19:61,62)

""Xo-bmbpw kpIr-Xh
- mam kpJm-\p-`h-n Xs-bm-bn-cn-pw. tkm^-If
- n-en-cpv
Ah t\mn-sIm-n-cn-pw. Ah-cpsS apJ-fn kpJm-\p-`-h-ns Xnfw \n\--dnbmw. ap{Z -h-bv-s ip-amb aZy-n\nv
Ahv IpSn-m \I-s-Spw. AXns
ap{Z IkvXq-cn-bm-bn-cn-pw. hmin ImWn-p-h AXn-\p-thn hmin ImWn--s.
AXnse tNcph Xkv\nw Bbn-cn-pw. AXmbXv kmao]yw knn--h IpSn-p Hcp
Ddhv Pew'' (IzpB 83:2228)

`qanbn Xs A\pkcnv Pohn a\pjyv


ssZhw \Ip ktmjnsbpw Dmknsbpw
A\izcXbpsSbpw Xr]vXnbpsSbpw almb
km\amWv kzKw. B{Klnphsbmw AhnsS
e`yamWv. Hcmv asmcmfn \npw bmsXmpw
ssIhiamt-Xn. FmtWm B{KlnpXv Ah
\IsSpw. Zmcn{Zytam _pnaptm AkpJtfm
AhnsS C. Fm hkvXpfpsSbpw AhbpsSbpw
{kjvSmhmb ssZhns DSaXbn \npw
BhiyambXpw a\pjy
B{Klnm\mhpXn\pdamb Imcyfmhpw
\IsSpI. Npcpn AXv kzKamWv, `qanb.
kzKn \IsSp aZyw IpSnphcn
elcntbm AXpaqew aphv ieytam
Dmphb.

asmcp hmIy-nepw aZy-ns\ kw_nv ]cm-ain-p-Xv {in-p-I. ""kqv-aX-bp--hv hmKv-Zm\w sN-s-n-p- kzKns Ah F-s\-sb-m AXn
]I hcm sh-ns Acp-hn-I-fp-v.
cpNn-t`Zw hcm ]mens Acp-hn-Ifpw IpSnp--hv Bkzm-Zy-I-c-amb aZy-ns Acphn-Ifpw ipo-I-cn--s tX\n-s Acp-hn-Ifp-ap-v.'' (IzpB 47:15)
Cs\ kzK-n \I-s-Sp ]m\ob--fpsS {]tXy-IX {in-p-I. ""Hcp-Xcw
Ddhv Pew \nd tIm-I Ah-cpsS Nppw
sImp \S--s-Spw. shfp-Xpw IpSn-p-hv lrZy-hp-amb ]m\o-bw. AXn
bmsXmcp tZmj-hp-an-. AXv \nanw
Ahv elcn _m[n-p-I-bp-an''
(37:45,46,47) Cu ]m\obw IpSnv Bpw
kpt_m[w \jvS-s-Sp-I-bn-sv am{X-a-,
kzK-n kam-[m\w F-msX \ncY-Iamb Hcp i_vZhpw Bcpw tIp-I-bn-.

ta ]dbs adp]Snbn Xr]vXnbSbphcmv


kXymt\zjnIfmb {InkvXym\nI. Fm Fmhcpw
As\b. {InkvXpaXw kXyamsWpw AXns\
FXnp Ckvemans\ XIWsapw
Xocpam\npIgn hnZzmam aZysIpdnv IzpB
]dXv ]IpXnsb AwKoIcnpIbpq. AXmbXv
aZyapsv ]d IzpB hmIyw
apdpsI]nSnpIbpw aZyns kz`mhw ]d
IzpB hmIyw Chv AkzoImcyamIpIbpw
sNpp. Chv aZyw Fm kzKnembmepw
`qanbnembmepw a\pjys\ aZnnpIbpw Xna
{]hnnpIbpw sNWsav \n_amWv.
Cs\bphcpsS tNmZyw Ahkm\nnm Hcp

""]c-aI
- m-cp-Wn-I Xs Zmkam-tcmSv
AZr-iy-amb \ne-bn hmKvZm\w sNbvXn-p-
2013 P\phcn

45

D]tbmKnv hmphbn hont\msSmw aZyhpw


Dsv FgpXnbncnpp. CXv tbiphns apmsI
IpSnv ktmjnWsapw AXn
]ptcmlnXhKamb tehypw ]v \IWsapw
tbip I]npp. ChnsS ]dncnp aZys
homn amn ApXw ImWnms\mpw Bcpw
sa\stSXn. ImcWw ChnsS Hcp ]m{Xn
hopw ASp ]m{Xn aZyhpw Fv hyamWv.
am{Xa lo{_p ]Zns ]pdsI t]mbmepw aZyw
IqSpX ncsSpIbmWv sNpXv. CXv
a\knemnb ss{IkvXh ]nXamcpsS ss__n
hymJym\w {inpI.
""tZhmebn \nv AIse Xmaknphv
{]tXyIw A\pIqeyw A\phZnncnpp. Zimwihpw
arKfpsS ISnqepIsfbpw hnv ]Wamn
tZhmebn hcnIbpw XnjvSap `W
]m\ob AhnsS \nv hmn BtLmjnpIbpw
sNmw. hopw elcn]m\obfpw hnenbnn.
]s aZntcmhn\p A\phmZambn CXns\
]cnKWnm\mhn. aZymknsbpdnv ss__n
At\Iw XhW \Ip XmoXpIv (kp`m: 20,23,
29 35 sbi: 5,11 22 Btamkv 4,1 13) Hcp A]hmZa Cu
\nbaw. a\pjys ktmjamWv Imhv
B{KlnpXv. Dh\pw Cmh\pw Hcp t]mse
ktmjnm IgnbWw. CXmWv \nbamh\
{Kns ImgvNmSv. \nbafpsS am\pjnI
hin\v \Ip Du ChnsS hyamWv.'' (B^m ss__n hymJym\w \nbamh\w ]pdw 726)

amKtabpq. kzKn hnfp


elcnbnm aZyns t]cn aplZv
\_nsb hnainph, `qanbn tbip
hnfp aZysIpdnv APvRcmsWmWv
t_m[ysSpI. Hmtcm hjhpw XfpsS
Zimwiw (kmv) D]tbmKnv hnizmknI
FmWv sNtsXv hniZoIcnp
ss__n `mKw Cs\bmWv.
""B shnmiv sImSpv BSv, amSv,
hov, aZyw Cs\ \n\v CjvSapXv
hmnsImI. \obpw \ns IpSpw_hpw
AXp \ns ssZhamb tbiphns
kn[nbn shv `nv ktmjnWw.
\nfpsS \Kcfnep tehys\
AhKWncpXv. Ah\pw \ntmsSmw
Hmlcnbpw AhImihpw Ctm.''
(Bh\w: 14:26,27)

Npcpn aZyns D]tbmKs


\ncpmlsSpnb ss__n hmIy Dsnepw
a\pjy\v \Inb Dmk Znhkn aZyw hnfnb
ssZhw RfpsS tbiphmtWmsbv
]cntim[ntXpw \ymboIcntXpw ss{IkvXh
XsbmWv. am{Xa, \ymb{]amWw bYmhn[n
]qoIcnXv tbip{InkvXp am{XamsWv
hmZnph Atlw Cu \nba{]Imcw
aZy]nnptm Fpw Dmbncpsn AXv
[manIambncptm Fpw IqSn Xpdv ]dtbXpv.
GXmbmepw \izcamb `qanbn a\pjys
ktmjn\v apKW\ \In aZyw
A\phZnmsan A\izcamb DmktI{sav
thZ{K hntijnn kzKn elcnbnm
aZyw hnfpp FXn kvX_v[cmth Imcyan
Fv kvt\l]qhw HmasSps.

tbiphns\ bYmhn[n _lpam\nphm


]TntXn\v hnizmknIfmbhscmw, tbip
sXcsSpp ev Fnt-v,
Zimwiambn thXncnncnp, shnmiv

Iag s]n-nv Bbn-c-sf sImsm-Sp-nb


btlm-hbpw tbiphpw Hm-sWn, tbip Bscbpw
sIm-n-n Fv ]d-bp-Xv F-s\-sbv tNmZn-tm-, I-n-en-cn-p {XnXzw hnvIf-n-s-nepw
C-kvemans\Xn-sc-bp- Btcm-]Ww \ne-\nmssIs]m-nb Xncp-h-m D-c-n Xn-b-tm H-pw e`n-n-sv am{X-a {XnXzs \ntj-[n--Xns
t]-cn ss{IkvXh
- c- n \npw am\-kn-I]
- o-U\w IqSn
A\- p- `- - h
- n-pp FmWv a\-n-emIp-Xv.
2013 P\phcn

Ckvemapw kv{XoIfpw
_lp`mcyXzw, ASnakv{XoI, lqeo
ss__nfnse {]hmNIam _lp`mcyXzw
]penbXpw ASnakv{XoIfn IpnIsf
P\nnXpsams, btlmh
AwKoIcnmXmsWpw AsXms AhcpsS
46

A\phZ\obamsWpw Alnp ]cnKW\


`mhn \nv e`nnsn Ah\pambp
hnhmlIcm Hgnhmm B kv{Xov
AhImiapspw hyamIpp.
A{_lmw ]nXmhn\v \a sNbvX A_oamtev
F cmPmhns `mcytbbpw shmnamscbpw
tbip(btlmh) kuJyampIbpw Ahv IpnI
P\npIbpw sNbvXp.'' (D]n 20:17) CXphgn
A_oamtev cmPmhn\v hy`nNmcw sNphm kuIcyw
sNbvXp sImSppshmtWm AtmfPnpI
a\nempXv.
A\ys GI`mcybpambn AhnlnX_w
]penb ZmhoZns\ hnainp thfbn
tbiphns hmpI \mYm {]hmNI
AdnbnXns\. ""\ns bPam\s `h\hpw Ahs
`mcyamscbpw Rm (tbip) \n\v Xp. sblqZybpw
sbcpiteapw Rm \n\v Xp. CsXmw
Ipdhmbncpsn CXn A[nIhpw Rm \n\v
\Ipambncpp.''(2 kmapth 12:8) sblqZybnepw
sbcpiteanepw slt{_m\nepw shv [mcmfw
`mcyamscbpw shmnamscbpw ZmhoZn\v \InbXpw
AXv Ipdhmbncpsn CXne[nIw \IpXn\pw
tbip Xmdmbncppshv ss__n ]dbpp.
aplZv \_n `mcyamcpambpw Zmknamcpambpw
ssewKnIPohnXw ]penbXv hy`nNmcamsWv
]dbph, ZmhoZns\ Ipdnpw CXv ]dtbn
hcpsapw Cs\ hy`nNmcn\v kv{XoIsf
sImSpp tPmenbmWv XfpsS ssZhamb
tbiphns\pw kXntn hcpw.

XnjvS {]h-\fmbncppshpw
hmZnphcmWv ss{IkvXh.
{]hmNIam Hpw amXrItbmKycspw
R ]n]pXv tbip{InkvXphns\
am{XamsWpw Ch ]dbpp. Cs\
]dbpI hgn Ckvemans {]hmNIs\
kv{XoeS\mbpw hy`nNmcnbmbpw
Nn{XoIcnphm\pw Ckvemans Xzsf
ss{IkvXhcpsS apn A[manIsav
hcpnophm\pw km[npatm
FmWv Ch a\]mbkappXv. Fm
hkvXpX FmWv? _lp`mcyXzhpw
ASnakv{XoIfpw A\phZnp
tbip{InkvXp, av hnjbfn F t]mse
CXnepw Chv amKXSkamhpIbmWv. CXv
kw_amb ss-__n `mK
{inpI.

_lp`mcyXzhpw ASnakv{Xo _hpw


A[manIasv hyampXmWv bmtm_ns
IpSpw_w. cv `mcyamcn \npw cv Zmknamcn
\npw At\Iw ]p{Xamsc \In bmtm_ns\
ssZhw A\p{Klnp. CXn Hcp aIs t]cv bnmJm
FmWv. Cu t]cv \Iphm ImcWw bmtm_ns
`mcybmb teb X\nv C\n IpnI P\nnsv
IcpXn Xs Zmknbmb kn]sb `mhmb
bmtm_n\v \In asf P\nnp. Fm hopw
IpnI P\nWsa AXnbmb B{Klw Dmbncp
teb, asmcp `mcybmb dmtlen\v AhImis
Znhks ZqZmbn ]g \In X\nmpIbpw
bmtm_pambn ibnpIbpw sNbvXp. Cs\ IpnI
P\nphm\p tebbpsS AanXamb At] ssZhw
]cnKWnp.

""Abm asmcphsf hnhmlw


sNppshn BZy`mcyv hkv{Xw,
`Ww sshhmlnImhImiw Fnh
IpdbvcpXv. Ch aqpw Abm Ahpw
sImSppnsn ]Ww sImSpmsX
Ahv kzX{bmbn t]mImhpXmWv''.
(]pdmSv 21:10)
Hcph Xs aIsf Zmknbmbn
hnpIbpw Ahsf Hcm Xs
aI\pthn hmpIbpw sNbvXp. ]t
]noSv Cu aI asmcp kv{Xosb hnhmlw
sNpIbpw BZy `mcybmb Cu ASna
kv{Xobvv e`nt ASnm\mhiy
\IpIbpw sNmXncpm, B kv{Xov
`mhmb bPam\\v ]Ww sImSpmsX
kzX{bmbn t]mImw FmWv tbiphns
\nbaw. Cu Hcp \nbaw {inm
ASnakvXobpambp ssewKnI_hpw
_lp`mcyXzhpw Hs
2013 P\phcn

""ssZhw tebbpsS At] tIp. Ah hopw


K`nWnbmbn.Amas aIs\ {]khnp. Atm
teb, Fs `mhn\v Fs Zmknsb
sImSpXpsImv ssZhw F\nv {]Xn^ew
Xncnpp Fv ]dp sImv Ah Ah\v
47

kwLm h[nsSpItbm HmSnsSpItbm


sNsnpXn\m Cu hnhmln\v kv{XobpsS
_pfpsS BcpsSbpw kXw Bhiyanmsbv
hyw. am{Xhpa Cu kv{Xosb hnhmlw sNp
hyn AhfpsS bPam\ XsbmbXn\m
kv{XobpsS kXw A\nhmcyamIppan. ImcWw B
kv{Xosb hnphm hsc A[nImcaph\mWv
ASnak{Zmbnse bPam\. Cu \nbafpsS
in]n tbiphmtWm Fpw Ch [manIamtWm Fpw
ss{IkvXh adp]Sn ]dtbXpv.

Fn n]vX-am-p-hm Ign-bm-{X a\p-jysc btlm-h sImn-p-spw Ah-cpsS hkvXp- sIm-ap-Xe


- mbn hoXw shv hnizm-kn-Ipw AXn-semcp
]-v X\npw hI amn hn-p-spw hmbn-m-h
- c ss{IkvXh
- . Fm GI-\mb btlm-hb
- psS {]h-\-n GsX-nepw hn[-n, tbip-{In-kvXphn\v D-ch
- m-Zn-Xz-ap-m-bn-cp-p-shv hniz-kn-p-hm
ss{I-kvX-hv cm-bncw sIm-am-bnpw km[n-n-n F ASp-fclkyw Xncp-h-mdpambp A`n-apJ-n-eqsS Am-Sn-]m-mbn Xon-p-v.

kzKnse lqeofpsS Fsbpw AhcpsS


BImckuIpamcysbpw kw_nv IzpB\nepw
lZoYnepw ]dbsncnp hnjb A[manIhpw
hy`nNmchpw FmWv hnaiIcpsS asmcp
Btcm]Ww. bYmYn hy`nNmcw FmsWv
\nhNnphm IgnbmXmWv ChcpsS {]Ya
{]iv\sav tXmpp. Hcp AhnhmlnX\mb hyn,
ssZhw A\phZn hnhml_neqsStbm
ASnahyhbneqsStbm AmsX Hcp kv{Xobpambn
ssewKnI_w ]penbmepw AXv hy`nNmcamWv.
t\sc adnv ssZhw A\phZn amKnepw,
]cn[nbnepw Hcp ]pcpj FsSp
ssewKnI_s Fnstbm {]mbnstbm
ImcWw ]dv hy`nNmcambn hn[nphm BmWv
ssZhw AhImiw \-InbXv? ssewKnI _nse
\ntcm[\taJeI hnhcnp ss__n
hmIyfpw(tehy 18) IzpB hmIyfpw (kpdv
\nkmAv) Ch {]Jym]nppv. am{Xhpa, apv
hnhcn ss__n `mK {]Imcw `qanbn Xs
]cn[nbnm hn[w kv{XoIsf A\phZnp
ssZhs AwKoIcnphv kzKnse
lqdpIfpsS Fs kw_nv
Bt]apbnm [manIambn AhImian.

bnkmJm Fvv t]cnp. (D]n ]pkvXIw


30:17, 18) Cu IpSpw_n _lp`mcyXzhpw
ASnakv{Xo _hpw \ne\nncppshv
BmWv AdnbmXv? Cu bmtm_ns\
Ipdnv tbip ]dbpp. ""Ingp\npw
]Snmdp \npw At\I hv
A{_lmant\mSpw Ckvlmnt\mSpw
bmtm_nt\mSpw Hw kzKcmPyn
hncpn\ncnpw.'' (ambn 8:11, 12) Cu
kzK\mb bmtm_ns IY
Cs\bmsWn A{_lmapw
hyXykvX\mIpn. Atln\v kmd,
lmKm, sIqd XpSnb t]
]dbshcpw Amhcpamb At\Iw
`mcyamcpw shmnamcpw Dmbncpp.
kzKn hncpsmcpsncnpXv
ChsmambXn\m CXn
]sSpth XfpsS hnIe
ImgvNmSpIfpsams Xncpn
XmdmIWsav km`nIambn
HmannpIbmWv.

asmv Hcp ]pcpj\v [mcmfw kv{XoIsf

bpn ASnabms kv{Xo


bpneqsS ASnabmsSp
kv{Xosb `mcybmbn kzoIcnWsan
Ahsf hon sImpt]mbn AhfpsS
XeapSn hSnp IfbpIbpw AhfpsS \Jw
apdnp IfbpIbpw Ah [cnncnp
i{XpcmPyns kwkvmcnep
hkv{X ampIbpw sNWw. Cs\ Hcp
amkw AhfpsS IpSpw_mKsf Hmv
hne]nphm kabw \InbXn\p tijw
Ahsf `mcybmbn D]tbmKnmw.
(Bh\w 21:1014) Cu kv{XobpsS
IpSpw_mwK i{XpfmbncnpIbpw
Ah `mhmIp hynbpsS
2013 P\phcn

48

A\phZn amKneqsS _w BImtam


FXnemtWm? As\sbn A{_lmapw
bmtm_pw, ZmhoZpw, A_oamtev cmPmhpw Hs
hy`nNmcnIfpw Chv kv{XoIsfbpw IpnIsfbpw
\In A\p{Kln \nfpsS ssZhw (tbip{InkvXp)
hy`nNmcn\v klmbn Bbncppshpw \n
IcpXpptm? ssZhw A\phZn Imcyhpw
A\phZnm Imcyhpw thXncndnbm \nv
km[npn Fptm? am{Xhpa,
kzKkv{XoIfpsS kz`mhsIpdnv IzpB
]dbpXv Cs\bmWv.

\IpIbpw AtXkabw Hcp kv{Xov


At\Iw ]pcpjmsc \IpXns\ Ipdnv
au\w ]menpIbpw sNbvXXneqsS
IzpB kv{XoItfmSv enwKhnthN\w
ImWnpshv Bt]np hKokv
Fw.kmapthens\ t]meph. Fm
Cu tNmZyw tbiphnt\mSp tNmZnmXv
FmsWv a\nemIpn. Htckabw
At\Iw kv{XoIsf A{_lman\pw,
bmtm_n\pw, ZmhoZn\pw av kIe
]pcpjmpw \nbaw \In A\p{Kln
tbip(btlmh), CtXt]mse Htc kabw
cv ]pcpjmsc Hcph kzoIcnm
hy`nNmcamsWv hn[npXns \ymbw
IqSn tNmZntXt? As\mcp
A\mhiy Btcm]Ww tbiphns\
kw_nnsn `qanbnse Cu \nbaw
XsbmWv Cu hnjbnepw
kzKnsev hKokpamv
a\knemmatm.

""Chv apv a\pjyt\m, Pntm Ahsc


kv]innn'' (55:74)
""ZrjvSn \nb{nphcpw hnimeamb IpI
Dhcpamb kv{XoI AhcpsS ASpv Dmbncnpw.
(37:48, 49)
kzKhmknbmb Hcmv Chsc e`npXn\v
apv amcpw Chsc kv]innn. Ch ZrjvSn
\nb{nph AYhm A\y]pcpjamsc
t\mphtcm BIjnphtcm A. Npcpn
Ah kzKhmknIfmb av ]pcpjmcpambn
_aphtcm, IfnXami ]dbphtcm A.
Fncns Hcp ss__n hmb\mc Chsc
hy`nNmcnbmbn hnfnpsXs\?

AwKemhWyap lqeo
kpJm\p`qXnbpsS kzKtmpIfn
{]thi\w e`np `mKyhmmv
\IsSp asmcp km\w FXv
lqeofmWv AYhm kzKkv{XoI. Hcp
kzKhmknbmb ]pcpj\v kZvhrbmb
`mcytbmsSmw At\Iw kzKkv{XoI
e`npsapw IzpB hyampp.
CXp a\nemnb ]pXnb \nbam
Ckvemans kzKw hy`nNmcimebmsWv
Bt]apbnp. Fm hkvXpX
FmWv? ssZhw Hcp kzKhmknv
\Ip km\sas\bmWv
hy`nNmcamIpI Fh Nnnpn.

as-mv, a\pjyv km\np


kzKkv{XoIfpsS icoc kucys IzpB
hnhcnXv am\yXbvv \ncpX FXmWv
Btcm]Ww.
""Xobmbpw kq-vaX ]menhv hnPbapv.
AXmbXv kzKnse tXmfpw apncnIfpw,
XpSp amhnSap ka{]mbmcmb XcpWnIfpw,
\nd ]m\]m{Xfpw, AhnsS shv A\mhiyamb
Hcphmtm, Hcp hymP hmtbm Ah tI-p-I-bn AXv \ns cnXmhn \np Hcp {]Xn^ehpw
IWsm Hcp km\hpamIpp.'' (78:31-36).

C\n ChcpsS {]iv\w, Hne[nIw


kv{XoIfpambn Hcp ]pcpj\v ssZhw
2013 P\phcn

49

Xs hn[nhnepI ]men
a\pjyv, Ah B{Klnphm
km[npXnepw AXoXamb A\p{Kl
{]Xn^eambn \mY \IpXns\
IpdnmWv ChnsS ]cmainpXv. Fm
XpSp amhnSsav IzpB ]dXn
A]w Aoeantsbpw CXv {]tXyIw
FSpp ]dpsXn\msWpsams
tNmZnv hnaiI Ippss]Xsf
t]mse BhpIbmWv ]Xnhv. \n
inipsftmsebmhWw Fv tbip
]TnnXn {]Imcw ss{IkvXh
PohnXn {]mhnIamp GI
k`w Cu IzpB hN\w
ImWptmgmsWp tXmpp.
hnaiIcpsS Cu IppIfn amdWsan
CXp t]mep ss__n hN\
hmbnntn hcpsaXmWv A\p`hw.

t]mse, AXn hocyap apncnNmdv


CmXncnpn. \ns DZcw enn ]pjv]fm
hebw sNs tKmXv Iqmcw. \ns kvX\
Cc ]nd cp amIpnI t]mse'' (DaKoXw 7:13). -

""Fs {]nb F\nv kvX\fpsS


at[y InSp aqdn sIpt]msebmIpp''
(DaKoXw 1:13).

""{]ntb, cmKcktfmSq IqSnb \o F{X kpcn,


F{X at\mlcn! \ns icocmIrXn ]\bptSXpt]mse,
\ns kvX\ AXns IpeI t]msebpw, Rm
]\bn Idbpw; Rm AXns ^ew Ihcpw Fp
Rm ]dp. \ns kvX\ apncnpe
t]msebpw, \ns \nizmk Kw \mc-bpsS kuc`yw
t]msebpw \ns hmbv tacw hop t]msebpw
BIs. A[cfneqsSbpw Z\ncIfneqsSbpw
arZphmbn HgpIn AXp t\sc \ns {]nb\ntebvv
Xs sNs.'' (DaKoXw 7:6-8).

""\ns NppI ISpw Nphv NcSn\p


Xpeyw. \ns hmbv at\mlcamIpp. \ns
It]me aqSp]Sn\pn
amXfmSn J t]msebmt{X.
\ns Igpv ZmhoZns tKm]pcw t]mse;
AgInepbnb tKm]pcw t]mse. AXn
Hcmbncw ]cnNI Xqpp. Ahsbmw
tbmmfpsS ]cnNI Xs. \ns
kvX\Zzb cpw ennIv CSbn
tabp Cc ]nd amIpnI t]mse.''
(DaKoXw 4: 3-5).

""Rv Hcp Cfb ktlmZcnbpv. AhfpsS


kvX\ C\nbpw hfnn. Ahv hnhmlw
]dbp \mfn RfpsS ktlmZcnv thn
Rv Fv sNm\mhpw. Ah Hcp aXnsen,
AXn ta R cPX tKm]pc ]Wnbpw.
Ah Hcp hmXnsen, tZhZmcp ]mfnIsImv
ASbvpw. Rm Hcp aXnepw, Fs kvX\-
tKm]pc t]msebpw Bbncpp. As\ Rm
Ahs IpIfn kwXr]vXn ZmbIbmbn `hnp.''
(DaKoXw 8:8- 10).

""Atbm {]`mIpamcn, ]mZpIaWn


\ns ]mZ F{X at\mlcw! \ns
\nXw_w kaY\mb in]n Xo
tImafamb cXv\`qjWw t]msebmIpp.
\ns \m`n hrmImcamb ]m\]m{Xw

tbiphns\ bYmhn[n _lpam\nphm ]-Tn-t-Xn\v hnizmknIfmbhscmw, tbip sXc-s-Spp- ev Fnt-v, Zimwiambn th-Xn-cnn-cnp, shnmiv D]tbmKnv hmphbn
ho-nt\msSmw aZyhpw Dsv FgpXnbncnpp.
C-Xv tbiphns apmsI IpSnv ktmjn--W-sa-pw AXn ]ptcmlnXhKamb tehypw ]v \I-Wsapw tbip I]npp.
2013 P\phcn

ta Dcn hmIy ssZh


(tbip)hmIyfmsWv hnizknphv
ss{IkvXh, kv{Xo kucyns Xe apX
Im]mZw hsc ssewKnIphtbmsS hniZoIcnp
DaKoXw Innm Fptm? ChnsS
AwKemhWys Ipdnp hniZoIcWw am{Xa
DsXv Rm {]tXyIw ]dtbXntm. Cu
]pkvXIsf Ipdnv B^m ss__n hymJym\w
]dbpXv {inpI.
50

""blqZ DaKoXnse
{]WbImhy ssZhhpw C{ktbepw
Xnep _s kqNnnpXmbn
hnebncppp. Fm {InkvXphpw
k`bpw Xnep ]ckv]c _ns
kqN\bmbnmWv Itmen
DaKoXnse t{]aImhysf
IWmpXv. ]gb \nban ssZhhpw
C{ktbepw Xnep DSSn _s
kqNnnpXn\mbn hnhml_s
{]XoIambn kzoIcnncnpXpt]mseXs
]pXnb \nbanepw {InkvXphpw k`bpw
Xnep _ns kqN\bmbn
hnhml_s {]XoIambn
D]tbmKnncnp-p.'' (B^m ss__n
hymJym\w, hymeyw 4, ]pdw 166)
DaKoXnse
BemcnI{]tbmKsf
\njv{]`ampXmWv sblkvt F
{]hmNI ]pkvXIw. bn{ktb a
sbcpiteanepw CuPn]vnepw Hs
A\ytZhs\ Bcm[npIbpw
A\mNmcfpw tXIfpw
{]hnpIbpw sNbvXXns\ ]-bmb
`mjbn hy`nNmcnt\mSv D]anpIbpw
hniZoIcnpIbpw sNpIbmWv
sblkvt {]hmNI\neqsS ssZhw
(tbip {InkvXp) sNpsXv ss__n
]dbpp. sbcpitean\v sNbvX
A\p{Kl tbip{InkvXp hniZoIcnXv
Cs\bmWv.

cp kv{XoI Dmbncpp. Ah CuPn]vn shv


thiymhrn \Sn. Ah XfpsS buh\n
thiyIfmbn Pohnp. AhnsSshv AhcpsS kvX\
t{]a]qw aZn-sp. I\yIbmbncp AhcpsS
amdnSw XtemSsp.'' (sblkvt 23:2,3)
""CuPn]vXn \npw sImph thiymkz`mhw
Ah Dt]nn. AhfpsS buh\n
]pcpjam AhtfmsSmw ibnp. Ah AhfpsS
I\ymkvX\ XtemSn. XfpsS Imamknv
Ahsf D]IcWamn. (sblkvt 23:8)
""Fnpw CuPn]vn shv Xs buh\Imev
sNbvX ]ckwKw HmvsImv Ah Xs ]ckwKw
h[nnp. IgpXIfptSXpt]mse enwKhpw,
IpXncIfptSXpt]mse _oP{khWap Pmcamsc
Ah sImXnp. As\ CuPn]vpIm \ns buh\
kvX\ \nanw kvX\m{Kl t{]a]qhw
aZn \ns buh\Imes Zpjn PohnXntev
\o Xncnpt\mn.'' (sblkvt 23: 19-21)

""hbense kkys t]mse Rm


\ns AkwJyambn h[nnp. \o hfv
hepXmbn B`cWaWnbpamdv
kucyhXnbmbn. \n\v DX
kvX\fpw, ZoLamb tIihpw Dmbn.
Fnepw \o t]mbtm \ns Iv \n\v
t{]an\p {]mbamsbp Rm {Klnp.
Rm Fs hkv{Xw \ns ta hncnp.
\ns \Kv\X ad-p. Rm \ntmSv
kXyhpw \nbahpw sNbvXp. As\ \o
F\nphfmbn Xopshv btlmh
(tbip{InkvXp Acpfn sNpp.)''
(sblkvt 16:7,8)

Cs\ [mcmfw ssZh(tbip) hmIy


Dcnphm\pv. Cu hmIysfms hniZoIcnv
hjfmn AhXcnnphm F\nv Xm]cyan.
CkvemanI {]t_m[Isc AIn \nphm thn
ss{IkvXh AsmfPnpI sNp Im]Sya Cu
sXfnhpI Dcnptm RpXv.
ASnm\]camb ss{IkvXh hnjbfn Ckvemw
Dbnp hmZfpsS Igv XncndnbpIbpw Fm
AtmfPnpIfpsS IpX{fn
]Ip\npIbpw sNbvXhv Ckvemantep
hgn kpKaampI FXmWv Cu teJ\neqsS
eyampXv.

CXphsc hmbnXns\m ISpap


hnhcWw 23mw A[ymbnemWv. _lpssZh
hnizmktmSp bn{ktbeycpsS
Xmev]cys cqamb `mjbn ssZhw
(tbip) hniZoIcnp hmIy ImWpI.
""a\pjy]p{Xm, HcbpsS ]p{Xnamcmb
2013 P\phcn

51

enwKkaXzw: Adntb hkvXpXI


_mkne l\m ]n.F
a
- \
- p-jy Hcp kmaq-ly-Po-hn-bm-Wv. \nb-Xa
- mb D-ch
- m-Zn-
- t- fm-sS `
- q-an-bn \ne-\n-p- tlmtam-km-]n-bkv F KW-n s]Sp PohnhKw. kv{Xo, ]pcp-j Fo hn`m-K--fn-embn hfv hnImkw {]m]n Ipew.
imco-cn-Ihpw {]Xy]m-Z\]c-hp-amb sshPm-Xy--p-dv kv{Xobpw ]pcp-j\pw
Xn \nc-h[n hyXym-k--fp-sv B[p-\n-I-im-kv{X-im-J-I-fmb ssPh-c-k-X-{hpw(Bio
chemistry) kncm-hn-m-\o-bhpw(Neurology) a\xim-kv{X-hp-samw(Psychology) kmy-s-Spp-p.
ssewKn-Im-h-b-h--fn hyXym-k-ap-Xpt]mse- Xs ajvXn-jvI-ns LS-\-bnepw
ssPh-cm-k-L-S-\-I-fnepw A{Kn {kmh--fn-ep-samw kv{Xo]p-c-pj-m hn`n--am-Wv. C-cw hyXym-k
- f
- p-X
- n-\m Xs- s]-cp-amcoXn-If
- nepw ImgvN
- m-Sp-If
- nepw hnh-c
-
tiJ-cn-p-X
- nepw Xmc-Xa
- y-Xp-e\w sNbvXv Xocp-am-\
- n Fp-Xn-ep-samw Ah hyXymk-s-n-cn-p-p.
ico-ci
- m-k{v- X-]c
- a
- mbn kv{Xobpw ]pcp-jy\pw hyXy-kvXa
- m-Wv. kvss{XW-Xbpw ]ucp-jhpw
\-psS hyn-Xz-ns ASn-m\`mh--fm-Wv. A-amb \ntj-[-n\p ]Icw Cu b-mYm-Yys AwKo-Ic
- n-pI FXmWv ss[j-Wn-Ia
- mb kXy-k
- X
- . enwK hyXym-k
-
]-cn-]q-cI
-
- f
- m-Wv. hynbpw kap-Zm-bhpw kaq-lh
- p-samw Cu kvss{XW-]
- u-cpj kz`m-hhn-ti-j-W--fpsS kZv^-e- A\p-`-hn-p-p. enwK-kz-Xz-{I-a-`wKw Hcp sNdnb hn`m-Kn- \ne-\np-p.
a\p-jy-i-co-c-ns kh- `-c-WkmcYyfpw \nh-ln-p AXnkoW-amb HmW-tm a\p-jy-ak
- vXnjvIw. Xe-tm-dn \S-p koW-amb {]h-\
- s
- fmw \yqtdmWp-I \nh-ln-p--Xm-Wv.- AXn koW-amb Cu Ah-bhw AXns LS-\-bn kv-{Xobn\npw Gsd hyXykvXa
- m-bmWv ]pcp-j\
- n ImWp-Xv Fv B[p-\nI]T-\
- sXfnbn-p-p. s]X-e-tmdv BXe-tm-dns\bt]-nv hfsc t\cs hf ]qo-Icn-p-p. koW-amb hmMvab KpW- s]X-e-tm-dv s]-sv t\Sn-sb-Sp-p-p.- X-etm-dns Ccp slan-kv]n-b-dp-I-sfbpw _n-n-p tImkv Itemkw B Xe-tm-dnt\m 20- i-X-am-\-ne-[nIw s]X-e-tm-dn ImW-s-Sp-p. Ccp slan-kv]n-b-dp-Ifpw
Xn-epff ]c-k]
v c kwkmcw h[n-n-m CXv klm-bn-pXmWv s]Ip-n-I BIp2013 P\phcn

52

n-It- f-m- \mbn kwkm-cn-m Imc-Ww. C{nbm-\p-`q-Xn-Isf Ipdn- hnh-c-fn kv{Xo, ]p-cpjs\ A-Xn-i-bn-n-pp. tIhn in-bnbnepw
{LmW-i-n-bnepw kv]i\w hgnbpw ]pc-pj-t\m th- K - n Imcy- a\- n- e m- m
kv{Xov km[n-p-Xpw Xe-tm-dns LS-\b
- nse
hyXymkw aqe-am-Wv. BXe-tm-dns hes
slankv]n-b s]-X-et- m-dn \nv \mbn hfcp-X
- n-\m {Xnam-\K
- p-Whnti-jW-tfmSv IqSnb
Imcy-f
- n B-Ip-n-I \mbn tim`n-p-Ibpw
sNp-p. hy-n-Isf s]sv Akz-cpw Ne- N n- - c p- a m- m \nan- - a m- I p kotdm- t mWn(Serotonin) kv{XoI-fn ]pcp-j-m-tc-m
D]m-Zn-n--s-Sp--p. ]pcp-j- i-cochf-sbbpw
ssewKn-IX
- s
- bbpw hn\m-iI
- c
- a
- mb {]hn-Isfbpw
\nb- { n- p sS- t m- o- t dm(Testosterone)
]pcpjico-c
- n [mcm-fa
- mbn D]m-Zn-n-s
- -Spp. a-h
- c
- psS thZ-\I
- t- f
- mSpw Bh-iy-t- fmSpw
X-b
- o-`mhw {]m]n-p-hm Bfp-Isf ]cy-m]vXa
- mp HmIvko-tSm-kn (Oxytocin)kv{Xoi-co-c
- n
A[nIw D]m-Zn-n-p-X
- mbn Is-n-bn-p-v.
kv{Xo sshIm-cn-IX
- s
- b-bp- w hf-sbbpw \nb-{np s{]mP- k v - t {Sm- - ( Progesterone) kv{XoI-fn
[mcm-fa
- mbn ImWp-p. k-v{Xo ico-c
- n ImWp
Cukv{S-P(Estrogen)s A-fhv IqSp-tm _pn-aXm ]co- - I - fn anI \ne-hm-chpw hmMvab
- - ]co-I
- f
- n Xr]v X n-Ic
- a
-
- m-- \ne-hm-chpw ]p-e-p-X
- mbn Is-n-bn-p-v.- sshIm-cnI Do-]\
- -tfmSv kv{XoI in-bm-bn s]sv {]Xn-Ic
- n-p-Xmbpw ]T-\
- Im-Wn-p-p. Fm ssh-Imcn-tImo]-\
- t- fmSv ]pcp-js {]Xn-Ic
- Ww ]e-t-mgpw X-bX
- z-tmSpw km-h[
- m-\
- nepw Bhp-Xv
C-cw cmk-LS- \
- I
- f
- n-ep- hyXymkw aqe-am-sW-pw ]T-\
- ]d-bp-p- .- L-S\
- b
- nepw {]h-\--f nepw kv{Xo-]p-cpj X-et- m-dp-I hyXymkw
\ne-\np-Xv sImv Xs AXp-aq-ea
- p-m-Ip
{]Xn-Ic
- W
-
- f
- pw Ahsc hyXy-kvXc
- m-p-p.
{]h-\-^-e--fpsS hyXym-k-ns ASnm-\-n Xe-tm-dp-I-fp-sS -{]-h\w hne-bncp--s-n-p-v. BIp-n-I hnimem--I-ambn
Imcy-sf ImWp-h
- c
- pw s]mXp-X
- zs hnhn[
k`-f
- n {]tbm-Kh
- I-cn-m kaY-cp-am-W.v
H_vP-IvSohv sSp-I-fn ]e-tmgpw Ah anIhv
]p-ep-p. s]Ip-n-I t{]c-Im-I
- c
- m-W.v hniI-e\coXn imkv{X-n\p ]I-c-ambn IrXy-amb DZm-lc-W
- fpw knm-
- f
- p-am-Wh
- v Ffp-
- n- {Kln-p-I. AXn-\m Xs `mjm-h-X-c-W-nepw \o Fgp-p-If
- nepah anIhv ]pep-p.
kw{K-lm-Ia
- mbpw IWn-ia
- mbpw Imcy-sf a\-n-em-p--Xnepw enwKhyXym-k-a-\p-k-cnv Gp-d
- n-ep-I ImWmhpXmWv. a\-W
-
- p-If
- nepw
A\p-am-\--fnepw BIpn-I anIhv ]pep-Xn-\m Xs B-kq-{X-W-hp-ambn _-s
2013 P\phcn

Imcy--fn Ch Gsd apnemWv. D-]m-b- hgn Imcy-


t\Sp--Xn-emWv s]Ip-n-I hnP-bn-p--Xv.
kwkm-c
- ns Imcy-nepw `mj-bpsS Imcy-nepw kv{Xo-]pcp-j-m Xn henb Acw ImWn-p-p. ]pcp-j-m Akv]jvS`
- m-jW
-
- f
- mepw kmt-XnIifmepw Ipd hmp-If-- p-]tbm-Knv hn\n-abw \S-p-p. Fm kv{XoI kwkmc{]nb-cmsW hmZKXnv CXp-hsc am-sampw hn-ntm? Imcy-
I-qSp-X hmp-If
- p-]t- bm-Knv hni-Za
- mbn hnh-cn-p-X
- mWv kv{- XoI-v hiyw.
\ymb-hm-Z- \ncn sXfn-hp-I A]-{K-Yn-p--Xn ]pcpj-m IrXy-amb hkvXp-XI
- s
- fbpw A\p-_
- k
- m-lN
- c
- y-s
- fbpw
NnI-bp-tm hnh-cW
- m-I
- a
- mb Imcy tIm {im-_
- cmb cq]-n-emWv kv{XoIsf Ip-h-cm-dp--Xv.
hnc-kX
- b
- p-sSbpw CjvS
- f
- p-sSbpw Imcy-n Ch hyXymkw
Im-Wn--p. -BIp-n-I s]Ip-n-Itfm thK-n apjnbphcmbn ImWp-p. {i ]nSnv \nm BIp-n-Iv
{In-bm-I Do-]-\-tfm ASnSnbp XpS-bmbn am-tfm
B-hi
- y-am-W.v Fm apjn-ns\ Akw-Xr-]X
v n-bn-tev \bn-msX
\n-e-\nm s]Ip-n-I kaY-cm-Wv.
hnkvXoWw IqSnb e--fmWv BX-e-tmdv CjvS-s-Sp-Xv. henb mkvap-dn-I-fn Ne-\m--I-amb ]T-\-co-Xn-I-fmWv
BIp-n-I CjvSs
- -Sp-X
- v.- hn-kvXr-Xa
- mb tai-p-d
- fpw henb
ap-dn-Ifpw Ah-cpsS tNmZ\-Isf ]qW-amb ^e-{]m-]vXn-bn-se-np-p.- F-m ]T-\-k-a-bv AS-n-bn-cpv sImp coXn-bmWv- s]Ip-n-I ]np-S-cp--Xv.
kqvak
- w-th-Z\
- a
- mb Imcy-f
- nepw kmaq-lnI CS-s]-Se
- p-If
- nepw
kv{Xo]pcpj hyXymkw {]I-Sa
- m-W.v _l-fa
- b-amb A-co-
- sf
_m[n-msX {im-]qhw Imcy- sNm BIp-nv km[np-tm sNdnb hn`m-K--fmbn thXn-cnv Hp-tNv ]Tnp--Xn s]Ip-n-I hnP-bn-p-p. kmaq-lnI D-\o-N-Xz-fp-ambn _-s-Sp-tmgpw Cu XcwXncnhv {]I-S-am-hp-p-v.
BIp-n-I Nn--fpw kw-IIfpw {Km^p-Ifpw CjvSs-Sp-tm {]kvXm-h\m cq]-n-ep Imcy--f-mWv s]Ip-nI CjvSs
- -Sp-X
- v.
BIp-n-I LS-\]
- c
- a
- mbn ASn-d
- b
- p kwL-SnX{]h\-f
- n Gs-Sp-tm s]Ip-n-I AXn-{im tI{o-Ir-X
- f-m Iq-f
- n-emWp-m-hp-I.
-I-Tn-\-amb ]T-\-{]-{In-b-bn s]Ip-n-I apgp-Ip-p. {imtI-{o-I-c-W-nepw Hcp--nepw Ah BIp-n-Isf ]nd-Inem-p-p. imkv{XKWnX imkv{X hnj-b--fn BIp-n-I
anIhv ]pep-tm `mj-I-fn s]Ip-n-I anI \ne-hmcw
ImWn-p-p.
Ccw sshPm-Xy--fn \nv hy-am-hp-Xv akvXn-jvIns {]h-\
- n-ep hyXymkw {]h\cq]-f
- n hyXykvXc
- m-m kv{Xo-]p-cp-j
- msc ]cym-]vXc
- m-p-p FmWv.
enwK-]-c-amb AZznXob-Xbpw ]c-kv]c]qc-I-Xzhpw ]qW-amb
cq-]-n Adnv D]-tbm-K-s-Sp-pI hgn X-fpsS CS-s]-S-epI-fnepw ]c-kv]c hn\n-ab
-
- f
- nepw aqnaZv cq]-f
- m-hm \apv
k-m[
- n-pw. imco-cnI hyXym-k
- -\p-Kp-Wa
- mb hnZy-`ymkk{Zm-b
- fpw ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw Bhn-jvIc
- nv \S-m-p-Ib
- mWv
kmaq-ly-\nam-Xm- sNtXv. Hw Bfp-Isf CXv t_m[-h-c
- n-m-\pw.
53

A`napJw

Xo-{h-hm-Zhpw Ckvemapw

bp. I-em-\m-Y / \n-kn id-^v


sXm--Xn\pw ]n-Sn--Xn\p-sam-s `o-I-c-hm-Zsa-pw- Xo-{h-hm-Zsa--pw ]-d-bs-Sp- H-cp Im-e-n-em-Wsm \mw Po-hn-p-Xv. A-Xp-sIm-v X-s Fs B-Zy tNmZyw `o-Ic
- h
- m-Zs-bpw- Xo-{h-hm-Zs-bp- w F-s
- \-bm-Wv Xm \nh-Nn-p-Xv F-mWv.`o-I-c-hm-Zhpw Xo-{h-hm-Zhpw ]-e X-c-n-epv. F-m C-v tem-Inepw C-y-bnepw tI-c-f-n-epw N- sN--s-Sp- `o-I-c-hm-Zhpw Xo-{hhm-Zhpw a-X-hp-am-bn _--s-p X-s-bmWv. A-XpsIm-v X-s `o-I-c-hmZhpw Xo-{h-hm-Zhpw a-X-n-s PoW-X-bp-sS ^e-am-bn h-f--ph-n-p-XmWv. Cu km-aqln-I{]-Xn-`m-kw a-X-n Dn-em-Wv h-f-ph-n-pXv.
A-tXka-bw cm-{o-b `o-I-c-hm-Zw temI-v H-cp-]m-Sv D-m-bn-p-v. Hmtcm L-nepw k--`-nep-sam-s-bm-bn km{amPyXzhpw ^m-kn-khpw A-Xv \m-bn ]-b-n-bn-pv. C-v cm-{o-b `o-I-c-hm-Zw (state terrorism) F-Xv cm-{ob-m B-tcm-]W
-
-
-
- m-bn am{Xw D-]t- bm-Kn-p- H-m-bn am-dn-bn-p-v.
A-]qh-am-bn C F- ]-d--Xn-\Yw. F-m-en-v tem-I-sa-mSpw ImWp-Xv a-XXo-{h-hm-Za
- mWv. a-XX
- o-{h-hm-Zs
- - tI-{o-Ic
- n-m-Wv- \n-f
- p-sS
tNm-Zy-n-\v Rm adp-]-Sn- ]-d-bp-Xv.
a-X-n-s PoW-X-bm-Wv a-X Xo-{h-hm-Z-n-\v {][m-\ Im-cWw. a-Xw AXv A-\p-im-kn-p- [man-IIm-cy- sN-bv-Xm aXn. A-Xv C-cw `o-IcIa sN-t--Xn. a-XIa sN-p-tm kv-Iq ]-co--bv-v
amn-Sp- am-\-Z-w t]m-ep-anm-sX tXm-Xv Ir-Xy-am-bn Afv ssZ-hw amn-Spw;- A--s\-bm-Wv a-X ]-n-X-m ]-d--tm F-\n-v a-\-n-embXv. F-m C-s\ Iaw sN-p--Xn-\v ]I-cw A-bm a-p-h-sc-q-Sn
A-Xn-te-v Iq-m \-S-pp. ssZ-h-n-s Zu-_-ey- a-\-n-em-n
ssZ-h-n-\p th-n ]-Wn-sb-Sp-p-h-sc kr-n-p-p. Cu Im-cy-n aX{K---v hf-sc hen-b ]-pv. A-Xn G-hpw ap-n-ep a-X{Khpw a-Xhn-`m-K-hpw C-kv-em-an-s-Xm-Wv F-v ]-d-bp--Xn F-\n-sm-cp aSn-bp-an. A-Xn-s\m-cp {][m-\ Im-c-W-sa-m-sW-p sh-m ap-l-Zv F-
{]-hm-NI-s Im-cy-amWv. {]-hm-N-I-m ]-e-cp-ap-m-bn-pv. tb-ip-{In-kv-Xp-hn2013 P\phcn

54

s\ \-ap-v ]-cn-N-b-apv. ln-p a-Xn {]-hm-N-I-m-cn-s-nepw Zm-i\n-I


- m-cp-m-bn-p-v. F-m
Ckvemw a-X-n-se {]-hm-N-I-\m-Wv
B-Zy-am-bn B-bp-[-sa-Sp-v bp-cw-Kn-d
- n-bX
- v.
N-cn-{X-]c
- a
- m-bn tKm-{XhK--nS-bn `-c-WIq-S k-a-c--fn G-s]-Sp-h-cp-s-nepw B-[p\n-I kw-LSn-X
a-X
- s
- f (lnpap-kvenw{In-kvX
- ym\n)
F-Sp-p-tm A-Xn Ckveman-I {]hm-N-I\m-b ap-l-Zv \-_n t\-cn-v 26
bp---fn ]-s-Sp-n-pv. A-dp-]tXm-fw bp---v ssk-\nI-sc Abp sIm-Sp-n-pv. B-Zy-s ]-Xn-aqv sImw X-s kw-LS-\mcwKw
th-{X hn-I-knn-m I-gn-n.
A-[n-Im-c
- n h-t- m km-{am-Py
hn-I-k-\-n-s `m-K-am-bn a-Xhn-Ik\w \-Sp. C-Xv Ckveman-I N-cn{Xw
]cn-tim-[n-m \-ap-v a-\-n-em-Ip-
h-kv-Xp-X-bmWv. aX-s hn-I-kn-nm a-v a-X-m-sc Ckvem-an-te-v
sIm-p-h-cp--Xn-\p th-n B-bp[s I-cp-hmn-b H-cp \ a-X-am-Wv
Ckvemw. \ F- hm-v A-dnpsIm-v D-]t- bm-Kn-X
- mWv. A-h-v
\-Xv F-Yw!- H-cp]-t,- B _mv-{Ku-v D--Xv sIm-mhmw B-[p\nI Im-e-L--nepw Ckvem-an-\v Cs\-sbm-cp Xn-cnp-t]m-v F-v
Rm kw-ib
- n-pp. A-Xv sIm-m-Wv
a-X Po-W-X F-v Rm ]-d-Xv.
km-am-\y-`m-jb
- n a-X
- n-s {]-IS- amb H-cp ]-cn-]m-Sn-b Xo-{h-hmZw. A-Xv
]-e a-X--fnepw Im-Wm-\m-hn. ImcWw C-Xv Fm Im-epw Hcp-t]m-se
I-n F-Xv X-s-bmWv. C-y-bn
Xo-{h-hm-Zw i-a
- m-Ip-Xv sXm-q-dpI-v ti-ja
- mWv. F-m temI-v
B-Zy-am-bn i--am-Ip--Xv 1948se C{km-tb tXm-ym-kt- m-sS-bmWv. Ghpw an-I- sSIv-t\mf-Pn D-]-tbm-Kn-v
apkvenw cm-{-sf \-in-n-p Ah.
A-ta-cn- A-Xn-\v Iq-p\n-p-Ibpw
sN-bvXp. b-Ym-Y-n C-h-cm-Wv Xo{h-hm-Zw sIm-ph-Xv. a-X Xo-{h-hmZamtWm `-cW
- I
- q-S Xo-{h-hm-ZamtWm Fv tNm-Zn-m Xn-cn--dn-bm I-gn-bn.
cpw Hcp-t]m-se t^m-gv-km-bn D-]-tbmKn-pp. Pq-X a-X-n-\v Xo-{h-hm-Zw
A-h-X-cn-n-p--Xn I-gn- \q-m-

n ap-Jy ]-pv. A-Xv am-{X-a


B cwK-v \n-v H-cn-v ]n-tm-p
t]m-Im A-h X-b-m-dm-bn-p-an. H-cp
kp-lr-n-s hn-ai-\w t]mepw Ata-cn- \-S-p-n. A-Xv A-h-cp-sS
kmw-kv-Imcn-I A-[x-]-X-\-amWv. ]-e-cpw
C-Xv ap-kvenw-I-fp-sS am{Xw {]-iv-\-am-bnm-Wp-I-bmWv. A-q--n a-X Nn-I-mcpw Xo-{hhm-Z hn-cp--cpw D-v
F-p-X
- v hm-kvX
- h
- a
- mWv.
B-g-n a-\-n-em-p-tm Ata-cn--bm-Wv Fm--n\pw ]n-n F-v
Im-W-pp. H-cp kw`-hw kr-n-p--h\m-Wv b-Ym-Y {]-Xn-sb-n A-ta-cnb-t b-Ym-Y-n `o-I-c-hm-Zhpw
Xo-{h-hm-Z-hpw \-S-p--Xv. \ho-\ bpam-b am[y-abp--n-eq-sS A-h Imcy-sf X-eXn-cn-n-Sp-I-bt?
A-ta-cn- km{amPyXzn-\v A[n-Im-cw hn-I-kn-n-Ww. A-Xn-\-h
G-Xv amKhpw kzo-I-cn-pw. ap-l--Zn\v A-Y-hm Ckvem-an-\p-m-bn-cp-Xv
t]m-ep km-{am-Py-Xz hn-I-k-am-Wv Ata-cn--bp-tSXv. A-Xn-\v th-n Ah
B-bp-[-tapw;- ]pXn-b B-bp-[w D-mpw. B-bp-[-n-s Im-cy-n Ahsc tXm-n-m-\m-hn. d-jy-bp-sS ]ntm-p t]m-tm-sS B-bp-[-n-s Imcy-n A-h c-nc-n h-f-p I-gnp. i-{Xp-hn-s Zu-_e-yw Ah-sc
]-c-am-[n-Im-cn-bm-n-o-p F-p ]d-bp--Xmhpw icn. A-Xv sIm-t C{k-tb ]np-W Bcpw tNmZywsN-mXv. tNmZ-yw sN-bv-Xm X-s A-{X
Kuc-h-n-epX. a-X Xo-{h-hmZs X-I-m-s\- t]-cn cm-{o-b
`-c-WIq-S Xo-{h-hm-Zw A-h A-h-X-cnn-p-Ib
- m-Wp- m-bXv. A-ta-cn-b
- p-sS
`-c-WL-S-\ a-X \n-c-t]--am-sW-nepw
k-a-Y-am-bn D-]-tbm-Kn-m A-h-dn-bmw. AY-hm `-c-W-LS-\mewL-\w
\-S-m X-s tNmZyw sN-m A-hnsS Bcpw D-m-hn. G-Xv ]m-n-bmbmepw B-hiy-ap-tm A-h-cn-se
_q-jzm-kn-bp-W-cpw. A-Xv sIm-v Xs hen-b co-Xn-bn-ep B-cn-I Iem-]- D-m-hn. C-d-m-Jn A-h
\-S
- nb-Xv s]-t{Sm tUm-fd
- n-s D-Sa
- b
- mIm-\p X{w am-{X-amWv. kmw AXn-s\ sN-dppw F-p-d-p--Xv sImm-Wv k-m-an-s\ Cm-Xm-n-b-Xv. Ctm-f-hn-sS F-p-mbn?- {]-iv-\-
2013 P\phcn

55

Iq-Sn h-n-cn-pp. Zn-htk\ t_mw-_v


s]m-p-p. Ckveman-I Xo-{h-hm-Zw Ahn-sS h-f-n-sb-Sp-p-Ib
- m-bn-cpnt?C-dm-Jn \-S
- p-Xv Xo-{h-hmZamtWm? B-m-`n-am-\w ho-s-Sp-m\p sN-dp-v \n-]-t? A-Xn-s\ \ap-s-s\ Xo-{h-hm-Zw F-v ]-d-bm\m-Ipw?
{]-IS- a
- m-bn Xo-{h-hm-Za
- m-bn-m-Wm-sanepw A-Xn sN-dp-v \n-]n-s
Aw-i-apv. B--c--bp-sS bpw. am[y-a--fn-eq-sS A-ta-cn- A-Xn-s\ Xo{h-hm-Z-am-n amp-I X-s-bmWv. AXpsIm-v Ckvem-an-I Xo-{h-hmZ-s
\- Im-Wp-tm A-Xm-Xv {]-tZis A-Snm-\ ]-m-ew t\m-nbn-t hn-e-bn-cp-m-\m-hq F-v X-sbm-Wv Rm hn-iz-kn-p-Xv.
A--s\-sb-n C-y-bn \-S-p Xo-{h-hm-Zw F-s
- \ hn-eb
- n-cp-mw?
C-y-bn \-S
- p- Xo-{h-hm-Z
- ns {][m-\ Imc-Ww lnp Xo-{h-hm-Zn-s I-t--amWv. Ckvem-an-s\ \-in-

np-I F--Xm-Wv A-h-cp-sS e-yw.


C-Xv P-\m-[n-]X
- y-tm-Sp A-t-bs shp-hn-fn-bmWv. A-h-cp-sS [nm-c-am-Wv C-y-bn Ckveman-I Xo{h-hm-Zw i--am-n-bXv. A-Xn-\p ap-v
sNdn-b Nn-e i-- am-{X-sa D-mbn-cp-p-q. knan, k-e-^n, au-Zq-Zn XpSn-b B-i-b. A-h ap-nepw aqe-bnepw H-sh-p F-p am-{Xw.
_m_-vcn a-kv-Pn-Zn-s X-I--bv-v tij-am-Wv ln-p apkvenw hn-Im-cw i-am-Ip-Xv. A-Xn-\v \m-ev h-jw ap-v
A-Zzm-\n \-Sn-b c-Yb
- m-{X-bm-Wv Fmn-sbpw Xp-S
- s
- a-v th-Ws
- a-n
]-d-bmw. C-y-bn-se G--hpw lo-\\mb a-\p-jy A-Zzm-\n-bmWv. H-cp aXs \-in-n-m th-n ln-p kw-kvImc-s \-in-n-- G-hpw a-lm\m-b
t\-Xmhv. a-lm F- ]-Zw A-Xn-s
G-hpw lo-\am-b A-Y-n-em-Wv
Rm {]-tbm-Kn-p-Xv. _m_-vcn
]n _m-_ N-{I-h-n-bp-m-n-bXmWv. Am-sX a-X]-n-X D-mn-b-X. Ckvem-an-s\ kw-_-n-v
A-h-K-Wn-m-am-bn-cp- H-n-s\ A-h
ln-p-hn-s hn-Im-c-am-n am-n-sbSpp. _n sP ]nbp-sS Cu [nm-c
\-S-]-Sn-I C-y-bn-en-v ln-p-hns\bpw ap-kven-an-s\bpw h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw
X-n-e-I-n-bn-cn-pp.
A-tm Ckvemw \n-e-\n-n-\v
th-n s]m-cp-Xp-I-b-t?
B-c-m-]-c-am-bn s]m-cp-tX- KXn-tI-Sv Ckvem-an-\v C-y-bn-epv. ASn--a-m {i-an-p-tm-gp {]-Xn-IcWw.

`-cW
- I
- q-S
- n-s H-m-it- bm-sS Cy-bn-se ap-kvenw-I th--bm-S-s-Sptm sN-dp-v \n-m-\p {i-aw
\-S
- p-Xv F-s
- \-bm-Wv Xo-{h-hm-Za
- mbn-o-cp-I?
Ckvemw ssh-Im-cn-I-am-bn sN-dp-v
\n-p-I-bmWv. A-Xv i-cnb. Ckveman-s B-i-b-am-Wv C-hn-sS {]-iv\w. aXXo-{hhm-Z B-ib
-
- f
- m- W-Xn \ndsb. ap-K ]m-c-cyw C-v Ckvem-an\n. ap-l--Zn-s ]m-c--cy-a A-Iv_-dn-sXv. A-Iv_-- a-tX-X-c-hm-Zn-bm-bncpp. ln-p ap-kvenw sF-Iy-n-\v {ian-n-pv. A-Xv sIm-m-Wv a-lm\m-b
A-Iv_
- d
- m-bXv. Hu-dw-Kk
- o-_v am-{X-am-WXn-\]
- h
- mZw. A-bm tXm-nhm-kn-bmbn-cpp. B.- F-kv.- F-kn-s h-fbm-Wv- C-y-bn-se ap-kvenwI-sf B-c--sb-p-dn-v Nn-n-n--Xv.
Cu B-c- Ckveman-I B-Zi-hp-am-bn-q-Sn-t-t- m C-y-bn
C-kvem-an-I Xo-{h-hm-Zw D-Ss
- e-Sp-p-Ib
- mWp-m-bX
- v FmtWm?
AsX. Xn-I-pw i-cn-bm-WXv. C-ybn ]m-e-sa-dn P-\m-[n-]Xyw sImv \o-Xn In-n-s-p-dm-b k--`-amWtm _m-_v-cn a-kv-Pn-Zn-s X-I--bpsS \m. \-c-knw-l dm-hp K-h-sa v
A-Xn-\v Iq-p\np. tIm-{K-kv
t]mepw k-lm-b
- n-s\-m-t- m
C-y-bn-se ap-kvenw-I A-h-cp-sS {]iv-\ B-tcm-Sv ]-d-bpw?- t]m-eokpw
`-cW
- I
- q-Shpw F-Xn-cm-bt- m A-h
kzm-`m-hn-I-ambpw A-h-cp-sS B-i-b-nte-v Xn-cn-p t]mbn. A-Xv Xo-{h-hm-Zn-\v B-w Iqn.

2013 P\phcn

56

A-tXka-bw C-y-bn-se hKm-[njvTn-X k-ac


- -sf F-s
- \-bm-Wv ImWp-Xv? C-S-Xp-]- Nn--bn \nt \-Iv-k-sse-p-I-v Du-P-w In-p-Xv? AXpw `oI-c-X X-sbt? A-Xv
\n-tj-[n-m I-gnbp-tam?
C-hn-sS N- sN--s-tS-Xv lnwk D-]t- bm-Kn-p-ptm F-pXmWv. lnw-k P-\m-[n-]-Xy-n ]mSnm--XmWv. P-\m-[n]-Xyhn-cp- kao-]-\-am-WXv. lnw-kbpw P-\m-[n-]-Xyhpw X-n bm-sXm-cp s]m-cp--hpan. Fm-h-cp-sSbpw hn-Im-c-sf am\n-p- \n-b-a-]-cam-b kw-hn-[m-\-amW-Xn. ]m-e-sa-dn P-\m-[n-]Xyw hgn-bm-Wv B-hi
- y- t\-Sn-sb-Sp-tXv. A-Xn-\v BZyw th-Xv P-\sf Im-cy- t_m-[y-s-Spp-I F-XmWv. F-n-v A-[n-Im-c-n hcWw. A-Xn-\v tem-I-n-te-hpw km[y-X-bp--Xv C-y-bn-emWv. A-Xv- BfpI-sf t_m-[y-s-Sp- F-fp---Wnb F--Xm-Wv k-Xyw. A-tm F-fp-n-\v th-n lnw-k-bp-sS amKw
kzo-I-cn-pp. B lnw-kmamKw P\m-[n-]-Xy-n-s i-{Xp-hmWv. \-Iv-ksse-v lnw-k-bm-bmepw F-Xv I-a-yq-Wnv lnw-k-bm-bmepw `o-I-c-hm-Zw X-sbm-Wv. cm-{o-b A-lnwk-sb F-Xn-p-Xv cm-{o-b `o-Ic
- h
- m-Za
- mWv. D-tc-y-bn-se B-td-gv kw-m\-fn\-S-p- \-Iv-k-sse-v `o-I-c-hmZsRm `o-Ic
- h
- m-Zw F-v X-s-bm-Wv hnfn-p-Xv. am-thm-bpsS, a-v Zm--i\nIkm-ln-Xy-I-m-cp-sS hm-p-Ifpw {]hr-n-Ifpw A-Xn-\v- {]-tNmZ-\w \-Ippv. am-Iv-kv X-s ]-d-n-pv
"_qjzm `-c-W-n\v Io-gn im-amb k-a-c-n-eq-sS `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cw ]n-Sns-Sp-m km-[y-a;- B-Xy-n-I-am-bn
hn-hw B-h-iy-am-W-v F-v.'- em-n-\-tacn--bn t]mepw hn--h-n-eq-sS A[n-Im-cw In-n-bn-n. hn--h-n-eq-sS
A-[n-Im-cw Inn-b c-v cm-Py-tf
temI-v Dq F-v tXm-pp. H-v
Iyq-_-bmWv. a-t-Xv sa-Iv-knsm BsW-v tXm-pp. _mn-sbm-s P\m-[n-]-Xy-n-te-v t]m-Ipp. ]-g-b
I-a-yq-Wn-v cm-Py- t]mepw P-\m-[n]-Xy-n-tev h-nt?- F-npw Bbp-[-sa-Sp-v P-\m-[n-]-Xy-ap-mp-I
F-Xv Xo-{h-hm-Za
- m-sX a-s-m-Wv?-

R--fp-sS bp-n-hm-Zn am-kn-I-bn aX-Xo-{h-hm-Zhpw cm-{o-b Xo-{h-hm-Zhpw


H-m-sW-v ]-d
n-p-v.
apkvenw \m-a-[m-cn-Ifm-b C-S-Xp-] Xo-{h-hm-Zn-I-fpv. Ah-sc apkvenw
Xo-{h-hm-Zn-If
- m-bn ImWm-tam?
A-sXmpw s]m-Xpk-aq-l
- n
hen-b {]-iv-\--fm-bn Im-tW- B-hiy-ap-s-v tXm-p-n. A-sXm-s
H--s- kw-`-h--fmbn I-m aXn.
C-y-bn-se {]-iv-\-ns Imc-Ww lnp Xo-{h-hm-Z-n-s IS-pI-b-hpw
A-Xn-s\ sN-dp-p- apkvenw Xo-{h-hmZ-hp-amWv. C-hn-sS F]-Xv i-X-am\hpw C-cp]-Xv i-X-am-\hpw X-n Gp-ap- F--s\-bm-Wv \-S-p-I?- Zp_e-\v -_e-s\ G-p-ap-n tXm-]n-m\m-hn. A-Xn im-kv-{Xo-bam-b A-_-apv. C-kveman-I Xo-{h-hm-Z-n
sN-dp-v \n-n-s Aw-i-ap-s-nepw
Po-hn-m-\p A-hI
- m-it- m-cm-a
- m-bn
A-Xv Aw-Ko-I-cn-p-tmgpw A-Xv ey-n-se-m B-l
- X
- ym-]c
- am-b
\o-- \-S-p-Xv i-cn-b F-
\n-e]
- m-Sm-Wv R-s
- f-tm-ep-hv.
A-h a-X-\n-ct]- hn-`m-K-hp-am-bn Hn-Ww. c-p-t]pw kzo-Im-cyam-b
k-a-cap-d kzo-I-cn-Ww. _n.-sP.-]n-bpsS C-tmg-s A-h- I-nt?- `cWw A-h-v In-m-\
- n-bm-hp-Ib
- mWv!H-n-p-\n-v ]m-e-sa-dn P-\m-[n-]-Xyn-eq-sS Ah-sc Cm-Xm-p-Ib
- m-Wv
th-Xv. sXm-b h-gn D-t]-n-p-I.
B-fpI-sf sIm-v F-{X Im-ew ]n-Sn-p
\n-m-\m-hpw. C-y-bn-se a-X hn-`mK--fp-sS B--c--bm-Wv {]-[m\w.
cm-Py-s ap-gp-h Xo-{hhm-Z {]-h-\-pw ]n-n ap-kvenw-I-fmsW- {]-Nmc-Ww i-a
- mWv. F-hn-sSsb-nepw H-cp ]S-w s]m-n-bm-t]-mepw A-Xn-\v ]n-n apkvenw Xo-{h-hmZn-I-fm-sW-v B-tcm-]n-v apkvenw sNdp--m-sc th--bm-Sp- Ah-. C-Xv
Aw-Ko-Ic
- n-m ]p-tam?
A-Xn-s\ Ip-w ]d-v IqSm. t_m[-]qh-am-sW-n sX-m-Wv F-p am{Xw. h-kvX
- p-Xm]-ca
- m-sW-n i-cn-bmWv Xm-\pw. h-kv-Xp-Xm]-camtWm F
tNm-Zy-n-\v Rm X-bm- d
- mn-b te-J\--fn Nne-Xv ]-d-bmw. Xn-{h-hm-Zs-p-dn-p-Xm-WXv. tI-c-f-n 13

Xo-{hhmZ kw-L-S-\-I D-v F-v sXfn-bn--s-n-pv. A-Xn F-s-w Ckveman-I kw-L-S-\-fmWv. _m-n B.F-kv.-Fkpw hn.-F-v.-]nbpw _-Pv-dw-KvZfp-sam-s-bmWv. A-tm 61 i-X-am\w apkvenw kw-L-S-\I!- C-Xv tI-c-fn-se I-W-v am-{Xw. C-y-bn ]Tnp- hntZ-i hn-Zym-Yn-I t]mepw
Xo-{h-hm-Z kw-LS- \
- I
- f
- p-m-n-bn-p-v.
]-{-tm-fw hn-Zym-Yn-If
- p-sS Im-cyn C-Xv sX-fn-n-p-Xm-Wv.
AXpw hntZ-i Xm-]-cy-n-\v th-nbp Xo-{hhm-Z {]-h--\. C-XmWv Xo-{hhm-Z cwK-s hn-Zym-`ym-k
hym-]v-Xn. kn-an c-m-bn-c-n Im]q-cn 134 t]-sc sImp. kn-an-sb \ntcm-[n-s-nepw \n-tcm[-\w \o-m
A-h {i-an-p-I-bmWv. A-Xn-tm tIc-f-n ]p- kw-L-S-\-bm-bn \n-ehn h-n-cn-p-I-bmWv. A-Xm-Wv F.Un.-F-^v.
C-kvem-an-se A-v \n-_--fn H-m-Wv Pn-lmZv. A-Xn-s ]--a-ebm-fw hn-ip- bp-w F-mWv. A-hnizm-kn-I A--m-lp-hn-s {]Xy- i{Xp--fm-W-s{X!- Rm A-Xn {]-[m-\nbm-Wv (Nn-cn-p-p). k-Xy-n a-X-]cam-b hn-ai-\w \-S-p-tm hn-izmkn-sb kp-lr-m-bn--n-v Ah-s\
C-kvem-an-s K-Xn-tI-Sn \n-,-v {Iq-camb A--hn-izm-k-n \n-v c-n-m\p {i-a-am-Wv R--sf-tm-ep-h
\-S-p-Xv. bp-n-hm-Zn-bp-sS I-S-a-bmWXv. bp-n-hm-Zn-bmb-Xv sIm-v t\-sam-p-an. kw-LS-\mt\-tam A-[nIm-ctam In-n. K-Xn-tIS-t Cu
2013 P\phcn

57

bp-Iv-Xn-hm-Zhpw sIm-v \-S-p-Xv Fv tNm-Zn--s-Sm-dpv. A--hn-izm-ksa- km-aq-lyNq-j-W-n \n-v a\p-jy-s\ tam-Nn-n-Ww. F-s IpSpw_-s H-cp ]-cn-[n h-sc ta-m-Nn-np I-gnp. A--hn-izm-k-n-s \c-I-n \npw a-\p-jy-s\ tam-Nn-n F-s I-S-a-bm-bn Rm I-cpXpp. a-X hn-izm-knI-sf c-n-m
{i-an-p- R- hn-izm-kn-I-fp-sS i{Xph. hn-izm-k-am-Wv i-{Xp. a-X-]-camb Z-i-\-sf R- tNm-Zyw sNpw. A-tXka-bw B hn-izm-kn-sb-b
tNmZyw sN-p-Xv. A-Xb
- m-sf t_m-[ys-Sp-m I-gn-n-n-s-n bp-nhm-Zw hn-P-bn-n. A-Xv Ah-sc t_m[y-s-Sp-m a-X-n-s {Km-a an-tv ]d-v sIm-Sp-n-v Im-cy-an. a-Xw
A-h-\n-ep-m-p- {]-Xn-k-n-sb-pdn-v t_m-[y-s-Sp-Ww. \-_n-sb
BZyw X-s Ip-w ]-d-bp--Xn Im-cyan. A--s\-bm-Ip-tm tI-p-h H-cp hmpw tI-m \nn. km-aq-lyPo-hn-X-n-se H-cp Zp-cnXw Im-Wn-v \_n-bn-te-v t]m-Ww.
A-s\ t\m-p-tm hn-izm-k-amsW-Xncv. hn-izm-kn _-p-hmWv. a-Xw
]-d-bp-Xv A-hn-izm-kn i-{Xp-hm-sWmWv. A--m-lp-hn-s {]Xy- i-{Xp ap-kvenw-If
- m-h
- s
- cm-am-sWm-Wv F-s hn-izmkw. A-h-s-Xnsc-bp- t]m-cm-a
- m-Wtm P-amA-s
C-kvem-an-bp-sS hn-RvPm\ tIm-iw ]-dbp-Xv. A-tXka-bw a-v a-X-sf _lp-am-\n-W
- s
- apw Im-Wmw. C-sX-s\-bm-Wv H-p t]m-IpI?-

a-X `o-I-c-hm-Z-n-\v ap-gp-h ImcWw hn-ip- Iz-p-B-\m-Wv F- X-cn-ep {]-kv-Xm-h-\-I-f-Sn-b Nn-e


te-J-\- Xm--fp-tS-Xm-bn H-cp am-Kkn-\n (bp-n tc-J,- sk-]v-Xw-_2008,- t]-Pv 18)h-n-pv. ta-hm-Zn C-tmgpw Dd-v \n-ppthm?
A-Xn-\v sX-fn-hm-bn F-s-nepw Iz-pB kq-
- D-c
- nm-tam?
""h-h\pw C-kvem-sam-gn-v h aXhpw A-t\z-jn-p-p-s-n A-sXmcn-epw kzo-I-cn--s-Sp--X.'-' (3:-85)
""k-Xy-hn-izm-knI-sf hn-v k-Xy-\ntj-[nI-sf \n- B-an-{X-f
- m-cpXv.'-'
C-sXmpw P-\m-[n-]X
- ycmjv{S-n
{]-tXy-In-v C-y-bn ]-d-bm
sImm-X-mWv. C-d
- -Xv sImsmpw tZm-ja
- p-m-bn-n. tZm-ja
- pmb-Xv Xo-{h-hm-Zn-Is
- f-sm-mWv. Hcp bp-n-hm-Zn-sb-sm-p a-X-hn-izmkn-v H-cp tIm-hpw kw-`-hn-n-n. adn-v k-lm-b-ta-bp-m-bn-p-q. k-aqls X-cw Xn-cn-p- hm-N-I-
C-s\ Iz-p-B-\n H-cp-]m-Sv Im-Wmw.
\n--sf-tm-ep--h I-z-p-B-- kq-- k--`-n \n-v A-S-nsb-Sp-v D-]t- bm-Kn-p-Ib
- m-sW-v ]-dm?
k--`-n \n-pw A-S-n-sbSp-v D-]-tbm-Kn-p-p-v. Iz-pB-s

_-p-fpw A-Xv sN-p-p--tm.


A-Xv io-ea
- m-bt- R-s
- f-tm-ephcpw D-]-tbm-Kn-v Xp-S-n;- A-{X-am-{Xw.
k--`-n-\-\p-k-cn-v Im-cy-sf- ImW-Ws
- a-p-X
- v i-cn X-s-bmWv. bpk-ab-v ]-db
- m-sX- X-s-bm-WvsIm-;- A-s-n Nm-c--Wn-bm-hnt?Iz-p-B A-hn-sS \n-s;- C-\n
{]-hm-N-I-\n-te-v h-cmw. B-bp-[-sa-Spp-Ib-t H-cp {]-hm-NI!- F-n-\mWv H-cp b-Ym-Y {]-hm-N-I B-bp[sa-Sp-p--Xv?- \-ap-v tb-ip-hn-s\
]cn-tim-[n--mw. A-hn-sS \-ap-v imnbpw k-am-[m-\hpw Im-Wmw. H-cp bpn-hm-Zn-bm-sW-nepw Rm tb-ip-hns\ A-Xn-bm-bn kv-t\-ln-p-Ibpw _lp-am-\n-p-Ibpw sN-pp. Ip-cn-in
\-ap-v Xym-K-n-s {]-Xo-Iw Im-Wmw.
F-m ap-l--Zn-s N-cn{Xw t\-sc
hn-]-co-X-am-Wv. {]Xn-tcm-[-ap-mImw Nne bp---fn;- F-m H-cp {]-hm-NI bp--n-s ap-n h-cp--Xn-\v
ssZ-hw X-s-bm-Wv D-cw ]-dt- b-X
- .v
tI-c-f-n {]W-bw \-Sn-v C-kveman-te-v a-Xw am-p-p F- X-c-n
Nn-e hK-o-b kw-L-S-\-I A-\mh-iy
hn-hm-Zw Ip-n-sm-n-b-tm A-Xns ap-]-n-bn \n-v i--ap-b-nb-h-cm-bn-cp-p tI-c-f bp-n-hm-Zn kwLhpw {]-h--I-cpw. F-m am-Xr-`q2013 P\phcn

58

an B-gv-N--Xn-neq-sS- C-sXmw A-_-am-bn-cp-s-v Xm- Xpd-v k--Xnp-I-bp-m-bn. shdpw ssh-Im-cn-I-X-bneqn-b C-cw ]-cm-a-i- k-aq-ln-ep-m-p- A-c
- n-Xm-h
bpw
km-aqln-I `n-npw F-{X-am-{X-am-sWv B-tem-Nn-n-p-tm?
eu Pn-lm-Zv F- t]-cn hm-I h--tm Rm {i-n-n-cpp.
C-Xv ln-p Xo-{h-hm-Zn-I-fp-sS IWm-S-Ibn-te-Xp t]m-ep X-{-am-sW-m-Wv
]-ecpw {]-Xn-I-cn-Xv. tI-c-f-Iu-ap-Znbn hm- h- ti-j-am-Wv Rm-\mZy-am-bn Cu hn-j-b-n {]-Xn-I-cn-pXv. \mtem Atm tIm-f-n-ep-,_nj-v Iu-kn-en-s {]-kv-X-m-h-\
h--tm-gm-bn-cp-p AXv. _n-j-p-am-cpsS lyq-a-\n-v Hm-K-ss\-tkj-s H-cp
^m-Z {In-kv-Xy ]n-I-fn-eq-sS At\z-jn-p In-n-b-Xm-sW- a-n-em-bn-cpp {]-kv-X-m-h-\ \-S-n-bXv. F-s GItZ-i Hma sh-v A-Xn ]-d-n-cnp- hn-h-cw 2866 a-X]-cn-h--\ hnhm-l- \S-p F-m-Wv. 103 tI-kpI-fn s]-Ip-n-I ho-n-te-p Xn-cnph-p;- B-sI C-cpq-tdm-fw tI-kp-Itf A-Xp-am-bn _--s-v D-m-bn-cppq- F-p-amWv. {In-kv-Xy _nj-v
Iu-kn-en-s\ hn-iz-kn--Xm-Wv A-_w ]-m Im-cWw. A-Xym-h-iyw hnZym-`ym-khpw hn-h-chpw D-h-cm-Wtm
Ah. t\-sc a-dn-v B.- F-kv.- F-kns tI-kc
- n-bn h-X
- m-sW-n
Rm hn-izm-k-n-se-Sp-p-am-bn-cpn. A-tXka-bw {In-kv-Xym-\n-Ifpw
ap-kvenw-Ifpw X-n {]-Xy--n-enhn-sS hen-b Ip-g-- Im-Wm-\p-an.
_n-j-p-am-cp-sS hm tIXp-sImm-Wv Rm {]-kvX
- m- h
- \
- b
- n-d
- n-bXv.
k-m Cu hm-Zw k-Xyam-tWm-sb-v
A-t\z-jn-Ww F-t ]-d-pp.
Am-sX \-S]
- S- n-sb-Sp-W
- s
- a-smpw
Rm ]-d-n. ]n-o-Sp hm-Z-tImem-l-e--fn \npw Rm H-g-n-p
\n-p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. Imc-Ww D-dnm-Xv sIm-mWv. _nj-v Iukn-en-s\ Xm-t- B-hiy-sampw
F-\n-n. F-nepw A-Xn k-Xy-aps-n hnj-bw Ku-c-h-ap-XmWv.
C-kvem-an hn-hm-l-]qh {]-Wb_-w \n-jn--amWv. A-Xv t]m-es a-cn-p--Xn-\v ap-v C-{X-bm-sf C-

kvem-an sIm-p-h-c-W-sa- \n-bahpw C-kvem-an-en. ]n-s-sb-n-\v


C-cw {]-hr-n-bn-eq-sS a-X-]-cnh-\w \-S-Ww.?
C-kvem-an a-X-]-cn-h-\w P-mh-Im-iw t]m-se-bmWv. X-cw In-n-bm
A-\yaX-s Cm-Xm-m ap-kvenwI {i-an-pw. C-kvem-an-sbpw A-Xnse Xo-{h-hm-Zn-I-fp-sSbpw s]m-Xpkz-`mh-am-W-Xv. A-Xn-\v F-Xv \o-N amKhpw
A-h kzo-I-cn-pw. F-sn-sem-sd-v a-Xw am-m s]m-m-\n-bn Hcp tI-{-hp-apv. Cu hKkz-`m-hw
Imc-Ww G-Xv \o-N amK-hpw apkvenw
]-n-X-m kzo-I-cnpw F- Im-cyn H-cp-dpw F-\n-m hn-j-b-nep-m-bn-cpp. C-Xv Xn-Ipw h-kv-XpXm-]-c-hp-amWv. C-\n tImS-Xn F-m-Wv
]-d-Xv. Xm-sg-bp- t]m-eo-kp-Imcpw
ta-se-bp sF.-Pn.- ]-d-Xpw Xn s]m-cp-t- -Sv tXm-n-bt- m
tImS-Xn ap-gp-h tc-J-Ifpw lm-P-cmm ]-dp. A-Xv ]cn-tim-[n
tImS-Xn ]-d-Xv F-m-Wv?- sX-fn-hpv F-mWv!- ]n-o-Sm-Wv tImS-Xn am-n-d
Xv. A-XpsIm-m-Wv Rm amXr-`q-an-bn A-s\ Xn-f
-
Xv.
Rm A-Xn-s\ ssh-Im-cn-I-am-bn k-ao]n-n-t-bn. Xn-Ipw h-kv-Xp-Xm]-camWv. sNdn-b \q-ev In-n-bm hen-b
\q-em-p- ]-cn-]m-Sn \n- ]-dbpw

t]m-se Rm sN-bv-Xn-n. ]--\w-Xn-bn H-cp tI-kp-Iq-Sn h-n-pv. kXy-n-s sNdn-sbm-cw-iw F-hnsStbm


D-Xm-bn F-n kwi-bw _mn\n-p-v-. F-nepw Cm-Xv Dm-n-d-v k-ap-Zmb-s A-h-tlfn-p-Xv i-cnb. sh-dp-sX -F-s-nepw ]d-v hn-izmky-X X-I-m
Rm Xp-\n-bp-n.
`o-I-chm-Z {]-h--\- \-S-p B-fp-Ifpw A-Xn-s sI-Sp-Xn A-\p`-hn-p--hcpw A-Xn-s\-Xn-sc {]-hn-p--h-cp-samw H-cp-\m- a-c-Wn-\v Io-g-S-p-w.- a-c-Wm-\-sa-m-cp Pohn-X-an-s-n `uXnItemI-s \-bn-e[
- n-jvTn-Xam-b {]-h-\
-
- -v
bm-sXm-cp-]-Im-c-hp-anm-sX h-cpw. Xn-sNbvX-h-v- in-- e-`n-m-sX-bpw- hcpw.- A-c-sam-c-h--bm-Wv a-\p-jy-\v
B-Xy-n-I-am-bn h-p `-hnp-I F-v
hn-iz-kn-p-p-tm?
{]-Xn^-ew C-np-sIm-v Iaw
sNp-I F-Xv Zp-jv-IaamWv. \njvIm-aIaam-Wv k-Iaw. ssl-hX ]-d-bp-Xv A-XmWv. Ian-\v
Ian-sXm-b ^-e-apv. Iaw aqv hn-[-n-epv. Iaw, A-Iaw, Zpjv-Iaw F-n-h. a-X-n-s Ia
F-X-v kzKw In-m Xo-{h-hm-Zw \-Sp-n-S-t F-n\n-p-Xv?- `qan-bn lo-\ Ia-v Iq-v \n-

2013 P\phcn

59

p-p F-Xv X-s-bm-Wv ssZ-h-an


F--Xn-s G-hpw hen-b sX-fnhv.
t_m-[-ap-h a-\p-jy am-{X-am-Wv.
km-lN
- c
- y--\
- p-kc
- n-m-Wv _p-n
h-f-cp-Xv. B-Zn-hm-kn Ip-Sn-en h-f-cp H-cp Ip-nbpw \-K-c-n h-f-cp-
H-cp Ip-nbpw X-n hy-Xym-k-ap-mIp-Xv A-Xv sIm-mWv. {]-Ir-Xn-bnse ]-Zm-Y-n-s cq-]m--c-n-eq-sSbm-Wv s{_-bn hn-Im-ka
- p-m-bnpXv. Am-sX A-i-co-cnbmb ssZ-hw
D-m-n-bX. Po-h\
- p-m-bX
- v 320
tIm-Sn sImw ap-pw s{_-bn h-f-Xv 20 e-w h-jw appw am-{X-am-sWtm-Ww. Um-hn-\n-kw A-]v-ptUmWv. X-e-bnm ssZ-h-n-\v X-etm-dp-m-hn. ]n-sb-t _pn!- CsXm-s `q-an-bn-se X-e-bp-h ]dv sh--XmWv. ap-l-Zv \n-c--c-\mbn-cp-n. A-s\ ]-d-bp--h-cm-Wv
\n-c-c. A-bm hen-b k-m-cn-bmbn-cp-p. Pq-X ss{I-kv-X-h ]-n-Xmtcm-Sv kw-hm-Zw \-S
- m-dp-m-bn-cp-p.
k-m-cw h-gn-bp X-s A-dnhpw
ssh-cp-[-y--fp-am-bn G-p-ap-m-\p Ign-hpw ]pXn-b B-i-b sIm-p-hcm A-bm-sf ]m-Ia
- mn. Am-sX Izp--B ssZ-hw D--m-n-b-sXm-pa.
A-Xn-s Iq-sS am-bmZ-i\
-
- fpw Iq-ntp. N-cn{Xw ]-cn-tim-[n-m ap-l-Zn-\v l-eyq-kn-t\-j D-m-bn-cp-Xm-bn a-\-n-em-hpw. I-z-p-B ap-l-Zn-s-Xm-sW-v ]-d
m A-Xn-s al-zw Ip-d-bp-I-sbm-p-an-tm. sh-dpsX ssZ-h-n B-tcm-]n--tWm? AXn-ep \- Aw-Ko-I-cn-p-a-tm. mtm-tb-bpw sF-kv
- o-s\bp-sam-s \,- a-cn-v- F{Xtbm h-j-- I-gnpw- Hm-p-nt. A-h ssZ-h-aps-v ]-d-n-sm-p-a-tm. am-dp-
Im-e-n-\-\p-k-cn-v am-m km-[n-n
F-v iTn-p-Xpw hn-UvV
- n-a
- mWv.
kv-{Xo-v ]m-Sn ]p-cp-j-\mhmw F-mWv ]-e Im-cy--fpw. Xn-I- kv{Xo
hn-cp--X!- A-Xp-sIm-v X-s am-m
I-gn-bn. _nw-_m-cm-[\
- \n-tcm-[n- Iz-p
-B _-en \n-tcm-[n-n. F-v Xn-I hn-tcm-[m-`m-k-am-WXv. X-e-bn-m ssZ-hw ]-c-temI-v;- X-e-bp a\p-jy `q-an-bn F-v ]-d-bp- Iz-pB B-[p\n-I P-\m-[n]-XytemI-v
hen-sbm-c-f-hn A-{]-k--amWv.

hniIe\w

Xo-{h-bp--n-hm-ZwC-kv-em-an-s\- hm-bn-p-tm...!C-Xv- I-em-\m-Y\


- p-am-bn- \S-n-b- A-`n-ap-J-n-se- Hmtcm- hn-a--i-\-n-\p-ap-A--an-- a-dp-]-Sn-b-.- {]-k-sa-p- tXm-p-- Nn-eIm-cy--sf- am-{Xw- ]-cm-a-inp-p.- Cu- A-`n-ap-J-nse-- A-t-l-n-s- ]-e- Btcm-]W
-
- -p-ap-- a-dp-]Sn- A-t-lw-X-s- \-Ipp--s-v- hm-b-\-m-vhy--am-Ipw.-

D-kv-am- ]m-e-m-gnCkvemans\ Ipdn-p sXp[m-c-W-I- temI-hym-]-I-ambn {]N-cn-n-p-Xn Xo{h-amb ]cn-{i-a- \S-p ]e {]m-\-fpw hyn-Ifpw B[p\n-II
- m-eL
- -
- n-ep-v. Ckvemw Xo{h-hm-Z
- n-sbpw `oI-ch
- m-Z
- n-sbpw hwiob-X-bp-sSbpw aX-am-sW-pw kln-jvWp-Xbpw a\p-jy-kvt\-lhpw Ckveman\v
A\y-am-sWpw Ckveman-s\-Xn-cn Bib{]N-cWw \S-p--h {]N-cn-n-ph-cpp. Hcp aX-sa \ne-bn Ckveman-s\--p-dnv icn-bmb hn[-n Adnbp-Ibpw a\-n-em-p-Ibpw sNm hnhn[ P\-hn-`m-K-n-S-bn Ccw
hnI-e-amb Bi-b-fpw Nnm-co-Xn-Ifpw AXn-thKw hym]n-p-Ibpw kzoI-cn-s-Sp-Ibpw sNpp FXv h-am-\-Im-e-L--ns Zpc-\p-`-h--fn HmWv. Ckvemw Xo{h-hm-Z-am-Wv, `oI-c-hm-Z-am-Wv, am\-hnIhncp--amb hnizm-k-kwl-nX-bmWv Fn-s\ Btcm-]-W- D-bn-p--htcm Ahsc ]n]p--htcm
Hp-I-n Ckvemans\ ASp--dn-bm--h-tcm, AX-s-n Adn-bm-hp KpW ad-p-shv Ckvemans t]cn Zpcm-tcm-]-W- D-bn-p--htcm Bbncnpw. Ckvemw AXns Bi-b--fn-epw, X-z--fnepw ]pep a\p-

2013 P\phcn

60

tjymapJ-f
- mb \-I
- fpw KpWfpw AXp-ey-f-mW.-v a[y-a-amKkao-]\w Ah-ew-_n-p-sImv hnizmk-]-c-hpw Ia-]-c-hp-amb taJ-e-I-fn
Ime-ns {]Xym-ibpw {]Xo-bpambn-o-cp-hm-\mWv Ckvemw hnizmkn-It- fmSv Blzm\w sNp-X
- v.
bmsXmcp Imcy-nepw Xo{h-X- ]m-Sn-,
AXncpewL\w ]mSn-, aX-ns
auenIhi-sXn-cmb kzbw-hymJym-\-- ]mSn-, aX-n-sbpw
hyn-I-fp-sSbpw \ne-\n]ns\ A]I-S-s-Sp-p Nnm-K-Xn-I \na-np-hm\pw {]N-cn-n-p-hm\pw ]mSn
Fn-s
- \-bp IWn-ia
- mb \ntZ-i Iz-p-B aptm-p-sh-p-p-v.
AXp-sIm-p-Xs Xo{h-hm-Zw, `oI-chm-Zw, aX-ns t]cn-ep
kwLj- Fnh Ckvemap-ambn
_-s-Spn N sN-s-Sm-hp
hnj-b--fp-a-. kXyw CXm-bn-cp-npw, temIv Hcp aXn\pw
tItn hn-n-m-{X cqhpw
i-hp-amb Btcm-]W
-
-
Ckveman-\p-t\sc Dbp hp-I-gnn-cn-p-p.
{io.- I-em-\m-Y-\pw- A-t-l-st]m-ep-- bp-n-hm-Zn- t\-Xm--fpw- Ck-v-em-an-s\- A--am-bn- F-Xn-p-Xn- F-pw- ap-]-n-bn-ep-v.- kv-t\l-kw-hm-Zn-\p- \-In-b- A-`n-ap-Jn- I-em-\m-Y- X-s- A--am-b- Ckv-emw- hn-tcm-[-hpw- {]-hm-N-I-s\- C-I-gvp-- \n-e-]m-Spw- hy--am-p-I-bm-WvsN-p-X
- v.- bp-n-hm-Zn-If
- p-sS- I-na-X`
- o-Ic
- h
- m-Zw- am-{X-am-Wv- F-Xn-s
- tS-- a-lm-]m-]w.- a-X`
- o-Ic
- h
- m-Z
- n-sD-d-hn-Sw- C-kv-em-apw- Izp-B-\pw- {]-hm-NI-\pw- am-{X-hpw-!- I-em-\m-Y- ]-d-bp-p-:""cm-{o-b `o-I-c-hm-Zw temI-v Hcp-]m-Sv D-m-bn-p-v. Hmtcm L-nepw k--`-nep-sam-s-bm-bn
km{amPyXzhpw ^m-kn-khpw A-Xv \m-bn ]-b-n-bn-pv. C-v cm-{o-b `oI-ch
- m-Zw (state terrorism) F-Xv cm-{ob-m B-tcm-]W
-
-
-
- m-bn am{Xw D]-tbm-Kn-p- H-m-bn am-dn-bn-p-v.
A-]qh-am-bn C F- ]-d--Xn\Yw. F-m-en-v tem-I-sa-mSpw ImWp-Xv a-XXo-{h-hm-Za
- mWv.''""Cu Im-cy-n a-X{K-
- -v

hf-sc hen-b ]-pv. A-Xn G-hpw


ap-n-ep-f-f a-X{K-hpw a-Xhn-`m-K-hpw
C-kve
- m-an-s-Xm-Wv F-v ]-db
- p-X
- n
F-\n-sm-cp a-Sn-bp-an. A-Xn-s\m-cp
{][m-\ Im-cW
- s
- a-m-sW-p sh-m
ap-l-Zv F- {]-hm-NI-s Im-cy-amWv.
{]-hm-N-I-m ]-e-cp-ap-m-bn-pv. tbip-{In-kv-Xp-hn-s\ \-ap-v ]-cn-N-b-apv.
ln-pa-X-n {]-hm-N-I-m-c-s-nepw
Zm-i\
- n-I
- m-cp-m-bn-p-v. F-m
Ckvemw a-X-n-se {]-hm-N-I-\m-Wv
B-Zy-am-bn B-bp-[-sa-Sp-v bp-cw-Kn-d
- n-bX
- v''-.

Ckvemw Xo{h-hm-Za- m-Wv, `oI-ch


- m-Za- mWv, am\-hnIhncp--amb hnizm-kkwl-n-X-bmWv Fn-s\ Btcm]-W- D-bn-p--htcm Ahs-c ]n]p--htcm Hp-I-n Ckv-emans\ ASp--dn-bm--h-tcm,
AX-s-n Adn-bm-hp KpW- ad-p-shv Ckvemans t]cn
Zp-cm-tcm-]-W- D-bn-p--htcm Bbn-cnpw. Ckvemw AXns
B-i-b--fn-epw, X-z--fnepw ]pe-p a\p-tjymapJ-f- mb \-Ifpw KpW-fpw AXp-ey-f-mWv.-

2013 P\phcn

61

""a-Xc
- m-jv{- S-hm-Zw- e-yw-sh-v- {]-hn-p-- Xo-{h-hm-Z- {]-h--\-hpwhy-n-ssh-cm-Kyw aq-v- cm-jv-{So-b- ]mn-I- \-S-p-- A-{I-a--fpw- Htc- Ip-sIm-v- Im-Wm- ]-n-''- F-v- hj--p-ap-v- a-sm-cp- bp-n-hm-Znt\-Xm-hm-b- skv-bv-Xp-ap-l--Zv- B-\-bw- F-gp-Xn-b-Xv- Hm-p-p.bp-n-hm-Zn-If
- p-sS- I-n- cm-jv{- Sob-]m-n-I- \-S
- p-- A-{I-a
- sf-mwsh-dpw- hy-n-ssh-cmKyw- aq--Xn-sA-Sb
- m-f
- -!- A
- [
- ym-]I
- s
- \- Ip-n-If
- psS- ap-n-sh-v- \n-jv-Tq-c-a-m-bn- sh-n-\pdp-n-b-Xpw- `m-cy-bp-sS-bpw- a--fp-sS-bpwam-Xm-]n-Xm-f
- p-sS-bpw- ap-n-sh-v- bphm-hn-s\- sIm-n-b-cn--Xpw- ]--m-I- bp-hm-hn-s\- \q-dp-I-W-n-\m-fp-It\m-n- \-n-s- Ip--hn-Nm-c-W-\-S-nA-cn-p-ho-g-vn-b-Xpw- ho-n- A-Xn-{Ian-p- I-b-dn- ]n-p-Ip-n-s- Im]n- sh-n-am-n-b-Xpam-b- `o-I-c-kw-`-h- cm-jv{- So-b
- n-s- t]-cn- a-eb
- m-fa-n- A-c-t-dn-b-Xv- \-ap--dn-bmw.- AsXm-s- C-hc
- p-sS- Zr-jvS- n-bn- cm-jv{- So-bn-s- t]-cn-- hy-n-ssh-cmKyw- aqXn-\m-ep-- Ip-kr-Xn-I- am-{Xw-!- AXn-sem-pw- cm-jv{- So-ba
- m-b- e-y-f
- n!-- -Xo-{h-X-bpw- `o-I-c-X-bp-an--!"C-S-Xp-]- Nn--bn \n-t \Iv-k-sse-p-I-v Du-w In-p--Xv?
AXpw `oI-c-X X-sbt? A-Xv \ntj-[n-m I-gnbp-tam?'- F-- tNm-Zyn-\v- D-d-- H-cp- a-dp-]-Sn- ]-d-bm-sX- ""C-

hn-sS N- sN--s-tS-Xv lnw-k D]-tbm-Kn-p-ptm F-p-ff


- X
- mWv.
lnw-k P-\m-[n-]-Xy-n ]m-Snm-XmWv. P-\m-[n]-Xyhn-cp- k-ao-]-\-amWXv. lnw-kbpw P-\m-[n-]-Xy-hpw Xn bm-sXm-cp s]m-cp--hp-an...''- Fn--s\- H-gp-a-n-ep-- a-dp-]-Sn-bmWv- I-em-\m-Y- ]-d-bp--Xv.""D--tc-y-bn-se B-td-gv kwm\-v \-S-p- \-Iv-k-sse-v `o-Ic-hmZ-s Rm `o-I-c-hm-Zw F-v Xs-bm-Wv hn-fn-p-Xv. am-thm-bpsS, av Zm--i\n-I km-ln-Xy-I-m-cp-sS hmp-Ifpw {]-hr-n-Ifpw {]-tNmZ-\w
\-Ip-pv''- F-p- ]-d-bp-tm-gpw{io.- I-em-\m-Y- A-Xn- H-cp- ar-Zp-Xzw
Im-p-kq-n-p-X
- m-bn- Im-Wmw.- - Cy- t\-cn-Sp-- F--hpw- h-en-b- sh-p-hnfn- am-thm-bn-kv
- v- Xo-{h-hm-Zn-If
- m-sW-v{]-[m-\-a-{n- ]-e-X-h-W- B-h-n-p]-d-n-p-v.- B.-F-kv.-F-p-Imt]m-epw- "A-X-v i-cn-b--;- C-kv-em-an-I-`o-Ic-hm-Z-am-Wv- F--hpw- -h-en-b- sh-p-hn-fn'-F-p- ]-d-n-n-.- F-m- tI-c-f-bpn-hm-Zn-I- ]-d
p-sIm-t-bn-cn-pp,-- C-y-bp-sS-bpw- tem-I-n-s-bpwF--hpw- h-en-b- sh-p-hn-fn- C-k-vem-an-I`o-I-c-hm-Z-am-sW-v-;- Izp-B-\pw- ap-l-Zv- \-_n-bp-sS- A-[ym-]-\--fp-am-sW-v-!tb-ip- bp-w- sN-bv-Xn-n-s-pw- ln-paX- N-cn-{X-n- bp--an-s-pw- C-kv-emapw- ap-l--Zv- \-_n-bpw- am-{X-am-Wv- B-Zyam-bn- B-bp-[-ta-n-b-sX-pw- kq-Nn-np-- I-em-\m-Y- A--cm-Y-nI-S-
- n-cp-m-p-Ib
- t- - sN-p-X
- v?- tbip-hn-\v- bp-w- sN-t-n-h-n-n-.- A-

\n-hm-cy-sa-p- tXm-n-b- L--n- Bbp-[-sa-Sp-p-hm- A-t-lw- I-]n--Xmbn- ]p-Xn-b- \n-b-a-n- Im-Wmw.-tbip-hns i{Xp- At-ls
]nSn-p-hm\pw h[n-p-hm\pw X{wsa-\-p. At-l-ns injy-cn
Hcm-fmb bqZm-kns klm-b
- m
{][m\ ]ptcm-ln-X-m-cp-sSbpw P\-{]am-Wn-If
- p-sSbpw ASp-\nv hmfpw
hSn-bp-ambn Hcp P\-qw ]pd-s-p.
Cu hnh-c-a-dn tbip KX-vk-ta-\m
tXm-
- n-tev t]mIpw-apv injy-tcmSmbn tNmZn-p. AXv eqtmkv kphntijw 22mw A[-ymbw 35 apX 38
hsc-bp hN-\--fn ImWmw.
""Rm \n-sf- aSnoetb-m
`mtam sNcntm CmsX Ab--

CkvemanI aqey--fnepw hnizm-k-fnepw {]am-W--fn-ep-ap ASnbp-d `nbpw hnizm-khpw {]Xn_-X


- bpw GsX-nepw \nev Xo{- h - X - c - a mb kz`m- h - h n- t i- j -
BP-n--W-sav Ckvemw ]d-bpn-. Hcm -{kjvSmhn hn-iz-knt-Xv Fs\ FXp kw_n-v Iz-pB\n\v Hcp amK-Zi\-ap-v. B amKZi\w AwKo-Icn-p--tXmsS Ckvemans Xm-]-cy-{]-Im-ca- p Hcp hnizm-kn-bmbn
hyn-am-dp-p.

tm \nv Fs-nepw Ipd-hpmtbm? Ah ]dp: Hn\pw


Ipd-hp-m-bn. Ah ]dp:
Fm Ctm aSn-o-e-bp--h- AsX-Sp-s. AXp-t]m-se-Xs
`mhpw. hmfn-m--h kzw
Ipmbw hnv hm hm-s. Rm
\n-tfmSv ]d-bpp: Ah \nba
ewL-It- cm-Sp-IqsS F-sp Fs-gpX-s-n-cn-p-Xv Fn \nhrn-bmtI-nbn-cn-p-p. Fs-m, Fsn Fgp-X-s-n-cn-p-Xv ]qn-bmtI--Xm-Wv. Ah ]dp: Imth, CXm ChnsS cv hmfp-I-fp-v.
Ah ]dp: aXn.-''
ln-p-a-Xw- [-a-bp--s- \n-c-m-I-cnp-p-thm?- ]p-cm-W--fn- bp--N-cn{X-a-n-t?- `-K-h-Zv-Ko-X-bp-sS- ]-m--esa-m-Wv?- "bpw sNpI'sb
{Xnb [a-n \nv ]nn-cn-bm
]mSn-sv APp-\s\ t_m[y-s-Spp-I-sb ZuXy-at- KoX \nh-lnp--Xv?- "i{Xp-sf Pbnv kar-amb cmPyw A\p-`-hn-pI'sb
KoXm-Im-cs D]-tZ-i-n F-vam\-hn-I- [a-am-Wv- Z-in-m- I-gn-bp-Xv?"a-XX
- o-{h-hm-Z
- n-s- Bi-b
- \n-d--Xm-Wv- C-kv-emw'-- F-p- ]-d-bp-hn-ai-I- {]-am-W-_--am-bn- A-Xv- sXfn-bn-m- {i-an-p-n-.- tI-c-f-n-seXo-{h-hm-Z- kw-LS- \
- I
- f
- p-sS- I-Ws
- -Spp-I-bpw- A-Xn- 61 i-X-am-\-hpw- ap-kvenw- kw-LS- \
- I
- f
- m-Wv- F-v- I-s-pI-bpw- sN-bv-X- I-em-\m-Y\v- - C-kv-em-an-s\p-dn-v- ]-Tn-m- am-{Xw- H-pw- k-a-b-ans-p- tXm-p-p!- I-em-\m-Y-\pw- skbv-Xp- ap-l--Zv- B-\--b-hp-sam-s- Ckv-em-an-s\-p-dn-v- ]-Tn-m-\p-]-tbm-Knp-- "In-Xm-_v'- G-Xm-sW-d
- n-bmCu-bp-h-\v- h-f-sc- Xm-]-cy-ap-v.
Im-cWw- k-am-\a
- m-b- hn-UvV
- n-
- fmWv- c-p-t]-cpw- C-kv-em-an-s- t]-cn\n-c
- m-dp-X
- v!- "C-kve
- mw-Im-cy-f
- n- H-m-at- -XvPn-lm-Zv!- '- {io.- I-em-\m-Y- ]-d-bp-p-:- ""Ckvem-an-se A-v \n-_---fn Hm-Wv Pn-lmZv. A-Xn-s ]--a-e-bm-fw
hn-ip- bp-w F-mWv...-''C-tX- B-i-bw- a-sm-cp- bp-n-hm-Zn-

2013 P\phcn

62

F-gp-Xn-sh-Xv- Im-Wp-I-:- ""H-cp- ap-k-e


v- nw\n-_--am-bpw- A-\p-jv-Tn-t-- Ap- Im-cy--fp-v.- C-_m-Z--v F--dn-bs-Sp-- A-p-Im-cy--fn- G--h-pw- {][m-\-s-- Hm-Wv- Pn-lm-Zv- A-Y-hm- a-Xkw-c--W-bp-w-.- \-a-kv-Im-cw,- {h-Xw,k-Im-v,- l-v- F-n-h-bm-Wv- a-p\mep- Im-cy-.- Pn-lm-Zn-\n-pw- amdn- \n-p--h- ap- \m-ep- I-a-A-\p-jv-Tn-m-epw- ]p-Wyw- e`n-n-- Fm-Wv- C-kv-emw- \n-b-aw...-''- (b-p-n-tc-J
am-kn-I-,-- 2007 am-v)
C-Xv- C-kve
- m-an-s- B-ib
- a
- m-sW-vB-\--b-hpw- {]-Jym-]n-n-p-v.- tem-Iv- H-cp- ap-kv-en-an-\pw- A-d-n-bm- H-cp]p-\
- d
- n-hm-Wn-Xv!- - C-kve
- mw- Im-cy-fn- H-m-at- -Xv- km-y-hm-Iy-(i-lm-Zv- I-en-a)-am-sW-v- a-Zv-d-kbn- ]-Tnp-- sIm-p-Ip-n-\p-t]m-epw- A-dnbpw.- ]-t,- bp-n-hm-Zn-I-p-am-{XwA-X-dn-bn-.- "C-kv-emw- `o-I-c-X-bp-sS- a-Xam-sW-pw- km-bp-[- Pn-lmZm-Wv- A-Xns-d- A-Sn--d'- F-pw- m-]n--emW-tm bp-n-hm-Zn-I-fp-sS- e-yw-.-

eLq-I-cn-m-dp-v. 3) Xo{h-hm-Z-n-s\Xn-cmb CkvemanI Nnm-K-Xn-I


aXs t\n-s-Sp-p-X
- n-s-bpw
ka-hm-b
- n\p {ian-p-X
- n-s-bpw
ASn-m-\c
- l
- n-Xa
- mb hnp-ho-gvNb
- psSbpw tahn-em-k
- f
- mWv Fp
Nne hmZn-m-dp-v.

hn-a-i-\-n-\v- H-cp- km-am-\y-a-cym-Zbpv.- hn-a-in-p-hm-s\m-cp-p-- hnj-bw- \-m-bn- ]-Tn-p-I- F--Xm-W-Xv.C-kv-emw- hn-a-i-I-cpsS- c-N-\-I am-{Xa-,- A-\p-Iq-en-I-fp-sS- {-K--fpw- hmbn-p-I.- hn-a-i-I-cp-sS- A-_---sfA-tX]-Sn- O-Zn-m-Xn-cn--pI.- bp-nhm-Zn-I-sf--`n-am-\n-p--h-cp-sS- Cu- am\y-a-m-- s]m-Xp-kz-`m-hn \n-vC-\n-sb-n-epw- ap--am-hp-I F-t- Cuhn-j-b-n- ]-d-bm-\p-q.-

Xo{h-hmZw Ckvemans A\n-hm-cyKp-Wa-mWv Fp ]d-bp apkvenw


\ma-[m-cn-Ifpw Xo{h-hm- Z- a- n-msX Ckv-eman Fp ]d-bp Ckv-em-ans i{Xp-fpw Htc ZuXy-amWv kXy-n \nhln-p-X
- v. Ckvemans auen-Ihpw ip-hp-amb LS-\sb Ccp-hn-`m-Khpw XakvIcn-p
- p.

ta]-d aqp Nnm-K-Xn-Ifpw


aptmp shph Ckvemans\
AXns {]am-W--fn \npw {]amW Xm]cysSp hn[-n
a\-n-em-m {ian-m-h
- c
- m-Wv.
CkvemanI aqey--fnepw hnizm-k-fnepw {]am-W--fn-ep-ap ASn-bp-d
`nbpw hnizm-khpw {]Xn-_--Xbpw
GsX-nepw \nev Xo{h-X-c-amb
kz`m-hh
- n-ti-j
- BP-n
- W
- s
- av
Ckvemw ]d-bp-n-. Hcm {kjvSmhn hn-iz-kn-t-Xv
Fs\ FXp kw_-nv IzpB\n\v Hcp amK-Zi-\-ap-v. B
amKZi\w AwKo-Ic
- n-p-t- XmsS
Ckvemans Xm]-cy-{]-Im-c-ap Hcp

Xo{h-hmZw:- H-cp- hn-i-Zo-I-c-WwGsXmcp hnj-b-nepw AXns


kzm`m-hn-I-Xv D]-cn-bmb Ah-Im-ihm-Z
- D-bn-p-Xv- Xo{h-hm-Za
- mWv. an-Xh
- m-Z
- ns FXn]-
- mWv
Xo{h-hmZw.- Ckvemans Imcy-n
Xo{h-hmZw Nm-hn-jb
- a
- m-bn-o-cptm ]cn-K-Wn-t-p Nne Im-cy-fp-v.- 1) aX-ns Imcy-n
IWn-iX
- b
- pw IrXy-Xbpw B{K-ln-p-XmWv Xo{h-hm-Z
- n-s- A-Snm\LS\ Fp Nne sXp[-cn-m-dp-v. 2) Ckvemw- AXns ssZhnIamb IWn-iX
- b
- n ]men-s
- -tS
Hcp aX-am-bX
- n-\m Xo{h-hmZw
Ckvemans kz`m-h-amWv Fv Nne
2013 P\phcn

63

hnizm-kn-bmbn hyn-am-dp-p. CtX


{]Imcw Bcm-[-\-Ifpw A\p-jvTm-\fpw A\p-hn-p-tmgpw amKZi\w \Ip--Xv Ckvemans {]amW-f
- m-Wv. Ap-t\-cs
\n_\nkvImcw Hcp apkvenans
_m[y-Xb
- m-Wv. Cu _m[y-Xb
- p-ambn
_-s Hcp-]mSp X-z-fpw \nb-a-fp-ap-v. Ah ]Tn--dnp ]menpI F-XmWv- apkvenans\ kw_nv {][m-\w. ChnsS Xo{h-ambn
]men-pI Fp hnti-j-n\v
AY-an. Imc-Ww, Acw Hcp
]me\w Iz-p-B-\ntem {]hm-NINcybntem ]cm-ain--s-Sp-n-.
Fm IWn-iX F-Xns\ Xo{hX
F AYn ImWp-Xpw icn-b. Hcp Imcyw icn-bm-bn-o-cp-hm
Bh-iy-amb IWn-iX ]men-p-Xv
B Imcy-n-ep Xo{h-b---A-Xns
Bh-iy-LS- I
- a
- m-Wv. Bhiy-ns
]cn[n ewLn-pI FXmWv Xo{h-XbpsS ASn-m-\w. Xo{h-hmZw
Ckvemans A\n-hm-cy-Kp-Wa-mWv
Fp ]d-bp apkvenw \ma-[m-cn-Ifpw
Xo{h-h-m-Z-an-msX Ckveman Fp
]d-bp Ckvemans i{Xp-fpw Htc
ZuXy-amWv kXy-n \nhln-p-Xv. Ckvemans auen-Ihpw ip-hpamb LS-\sb Ccp-hn-`m-Khpw
XakvIcn-p-
- p.
apkvenwIsf Iz-p-B hnti-jn-np-Xv "a[ya kaqlw' FmWv.Ckvemw Bh-iy-s-Sp IWn-iX
- bn \np-sIm-p-Xs
- , AXm-bXv
hynPohn-X
- nepw kmaqlyPohn-X-

nepw Bh-iy-amb IrXy-\n-jvTX


]men-p-sIm-p-Xs apkvenwIv
a[ya kaq-l-am-p-hm Ign-bpw.
hnizm-k
- f
- ntem BZi-f
- ntem
bmsXm-cp-hn[ ambwtN-ep-Ifpw
CXn-m-h-iy-ambn hcp-n-. aXns Imcy-n {]am-W- Bhiy-s-Sp LS-I
- s
- f-m D]-cnbmbn hyn-I hXpw ]pXp-Xmbn
Bhnjvcn-t-n-h-cp-n-. aXns LS-\-bn Dtn-cn-p
Imcy-f
- n\npw hXpw hnp-If
- t- b-Xp-an-. aX-]-chpw hnizm-k-]-c-hpamb kzw \ne-]m-Sp-I-fn\n-p-sImp-Xs kaq-l-n a[y-a-hn-Ifm-Ip-hm apkvenwIv- Ign-bpw-hn-[amWv Ckvemans Bi-b-L-S-\.
GsX-nepw Xc-n-ep Bi-b-_lnjvc-W
- n-eqsS Ir{Xn-aa
- mbn
Bhnjvcn--s-tS-p Hcp KpWa Ckvemans a[y-a-kz-`m-hw.
ta]-d KpW-f
- n\nv AIp-\n ]qh-Ime kaq-l--fpsS
A\p-`h
-
- Nqn-m-Wn-p-sImmWv Iz-p-B Ckvemans a[ya
kwkvIm-cnI-kzXzw Dun-d
- b
- p-Xv.Nne ]qh kaq-Zm-b--sf--n-bp
]cm-ai- Iz-pB\n-ep-v. Hcp
hmIyw t\mp-I:- ""]d-bp-I. thZ-mtc, kXy-n-s\-Xn-cm-bn-smv \nfpsS aX-Im-cy-n \n AXncp
Ihn-b-cp-Xv. apt ]ngpt]mIp-Ip-Ibpw [mcmfwt]sc ]ng-n-p-I-bpw
t\amK-n \nv sXn-tm-IpIbpw sNbvX Hcp P\-hn-`m-K-ns
Xn-jvS-sf \n ]n]-p-Ibpw
sN-cp-Xv'' (5/77).aXw Bh-iy-s-Sp--Xn\v Ap-dtv Nnn--p-Ibpw {]hn-pIbpw Bi-b\
- namWw \S-p-Ibpw
sNp-Xp Xs-bmWv aX-ns
Imcy-nse AXn-cp-I-hn-b.- AXp
kXy-n-s\-Xn-cp-am-Wv.
ka-Im-eo-\k
- m-lN
- c
- y-n `oI-cX--`o-I-c-hmZw Fo ]Z- \app
apn hcp-tm \mw Ku\n-t
Nne kXy--fp-v. 1) aZI `c-W-Iq-Sfpw A[n-Im-ct- I-{-fpw AhsXn-cmb sNdp-p-\n]p-I-sfbpw kac--sfbpw `oI-c-Xbpw `oI-c-hm-Z-hpambn Nn{Xo-I-cn-p-p-v. 2) hwio-

bhpw hKo-b-hp-amb Xm]-cy-


ap\nn-bp Ip{]-N-cWw \S-p-h Ahv hncp--amb GsXmcp
Ne-\-sbpw `oI-c-X-bpw `oI-c-hm-Z-hpambn Nn{Xo-I-cnp hcp-p-v. 3)
km{am-Py Xm]cynsbpw
BtKmfta[m-hn-
- n-sbpw hm Ahv hncp--amb GsXm-cp
\o-sbpw `oI-c-X-bpw `oI-c-hm-Z-h-pambn sXp[-cn-n-p-sIm-n-cn-p-pv.
P\-X-Ipw kaq-l-pw
FXn-cmb \S-]S- n-If
- p-ambn `c-WI
- qShpw t\Xr-Xzhpw cwK-p-h-cp-tm
AXns\ `c-W-IqS`oI-cX Fp hntijn-n-p-p. aZI-cpw kzmY-aXn-Ifpw P\-t{Zm-ln-If
- p-amb `c-WI
- q-Ss-Xn-cn Nnn-p-I-bpw {]Xn-Icn-p-Ibpw sNp--h a\p-jy-k-b-n FmSpw ImWpw. ASn-a-Ifmb Bm-\p-hn-Isf At\z-jnp aZ-I-i-n-I, Ccw
hncp sshIm-cn-I-X-bp--hsc Nn{XoI-cn-p-hm `o-I-c-hm-Zn-I- F-- hnti-jW
- w- D-]t- bm-Kn-s
- -Sp-p-v.bYmY-n kzw kz`m-hw {]Xntbm-Kn-If
- n ASn-tn-p X{am-Wn-Xv. aZI `c-WI
- q-S
- n-sbpw
Zp-n-If
- p-sSbpw KqVm-tem-N\
- b
- psS
^e-ambn `oI-c-hm-Zn-I Fp ap{Z-Ip-s \nc-h[n hyn-Ifpw P\-hn-`mK-fpw temI-ns hnhn[ `mK-fn-ep-v. Ah \S-p-Xv \ymb-am-bt]m-cmfpw \oXn-Ic
- W
- a
- lnp
{]Xn-Ic
- W
-
- fpw BsW-nt]mepw
Ahsb hne-Ip-dp ImWn-p-hm\pw
A]-l-kn-p-hm-\p-ambn Acw {]Xn-

Ckvemans \ma-t[-bhpw Bib-fpw IS-p-hc- n-Ib


- pw _s-Sp-Ibpw sNp Fpw `oI-c-X-bpw `oI-c-hm-Z-{]-h-\hp-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cn-p ioew
B-cw-`n-Xv kntbm-Wn-p-I-fmWv. blq-Zh
- w-iob {`mns Cu
Xe-Xn-cn Bibw ]noSv ]m-mXyam[y-a--fn- Nn-e-Xpw- Nn-I-cn- Nne-cp-w- Gs-Sp-p.
2013 P\phcn

64

I-cW
-
- s
- fbpw t]mcm-
- s
- fbpw `oI-chmZ {]h-\-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cn-p-Xvioe-am-n-b-h adp-]-p kPo-h-amWv.
^e-kvXo-\n-I \S-p t]mcm--sfbpw sNdp-p-\n]p-Is
- fbpw
blq-Z`- o-Ic
- h
- m-Zn-I Nn{Xo-Ic
- n-p-Xv
`oI-ch
- mZ {]h-\a
- m-bmWv. blq-Zhw-io-b-X-bpsS sISp-Xn-I A\p-`-hnp ]n-ta-jy-bnse apkvenwI
\S-p-Xv sNdp-p-\n]mWv F
]c-amY-w temIv Fm \njv]
a\-p-Ifpw AwKo-I-cnp Ign-n-p-Xm-Wv. Fm blq-Z`- o-Ic
- h
- m-ZnIam{Xw AXv AwKo-Ic
- n-p-hm
Iqm-p-n-. Ahv Ah-cp-tS-Xmb
A[o-iX
- z--h
- w-iob Xm]-cy-f
- p-v.
AXp-sIm-p-Xs ^e-kvXo-\n-I
\S-p \ymb-amb t]mcm-
- sf
AwKo-Ic
- n-p-Xv B-lX
- ym-]c
- sav Ah Nnn-p-p.
Ckvemans \ma-t[-bhpw Bi-bfpw IS-p-h-cn-I-bpw _-s-Sp-

Ibpw sNp Fpw `oI-c-X-bpw


`oI-c-hm-Z-{]-h-\-hp-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cnp ioew Bcw-`n-Xv kntbm-Wn-pI-fm-Wv. blq-Zh
- w-iob {`mns Cu
Xe-Xn-cn Bibw ]noSv
]mmXyam[y-a--fn- Nn-e-Xpw- NnI-cn- Nne-cp-w- Gs-Sp-p. Ckvemant\mSpw apkvenwI-tfmSpw i{Xp-Xb
- p
Bcpw Ckvemap-ambn _-s
Fn-s\bpw GXn-s\bpw `oI-c-Xbpw
`oI-c-hm-Z-hp-ambn sXp[-cn-n-p-Xp-Sn. Cy-bnse kwL-]-cn-hm inI-sf-tmepw Cu kntbm-Wnv kao]\w kzm[o-\n-p-I-bp-m-bn.
Ckvemans aX-]-c-X-bp-ambn _s Bi-b-, Nn-, hkvXp, t]cp-I, {K-, hyn-Xz, m]-\
- Ch-sb-sbms
`oI-cX
- - `
- o-Ic
- h
- mZw FmWv kwL-]cn-hm Bi-b-m Ctm hnti-jnn-p-sIm-n-cn-p--Xv. Hcm ASn-bpd Hcp apkvenamtWm Fn
Abm `oI-c-hm-Zn-Xs Fp hcpn-op-hm-\p {]Xy-bi
- mkv{X
aen-\o-I-cWw Cy-bnse hniz-ln-p]-cn-j-p-t]m-ep kwL-]-cn-hm
LS-I
- \S-n-sm-n-cn-p-p-v.
aX-]T
- \
- t- I-{-f
- pw Bcm-[\
- m-eb
-
- fpw aX-m-]-\--fpw Ckvemans
t]cn-ep Fpw GXpw `oI-c-X-bpsS
tI{hpw Dd-hn-S-hp-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cnp kwL-]-cn-hm at\m-`mhw
kntbm-Wn-k-n \npw ]Insb-Sp-s
- -X
- m-Wv.

am[y-a
- fpw cmjv{S-fpw Ckvemapambn _-s GXn-s\bpw kwi-bns ZrjvSn-tbmsSam{Xw t\mn-mWp nXn-hn-tijw Dm-bn-p-v.
Ckvemans i{Xp- B{K-ln-Xpw
AXp-Xs
- -bm-bn-cp-p.
adp-h-iv aX-ns \a-I-sfbpw a\p-jy-cm-insb shfn--n-tep
\bn-p Bi-b--sfbpw sXmbn
hymJym-\n-p _unI Zphym-bm-ahp-ambn cwK-p-h Nne
X]cIn-I, kntbm-Wnv D]-Pm]-sf klm-bn-p Xc-n-ep
Bi-b{- ]-Nc
- W
- h
- p-ambn kPo-ha
- m-bXpw
{it-ba
- m-Wv. Xo{h-hm-Z
- n-\pw `oI-c-

aZI-cpw kzmY-aXn-I-fpw P\-t{Zmln-I-fp-amb `c-W-Iq-S-s-Xncn- Nnn-p-I-bpw {]Xn-I-cn-pI-bpw sNp--h a\p-jy-k--b-n FmSpw ImWpw. ASn-a-Ifmb Bm-\p-hn-Isf At\z-jn-p aZ-I-i-n-I, C-cw hncp sshIm-cn-I-X-bp-h-sc Nn{Xo-I-cn-p-hm `o-I-c-hm-ZnI- F-- h-nti-jW
- w- D-]t- bm-Kn-p-p-v.- bYmY-n kzw kz-`mhw {]Xn-tbm-Kn-I-fn ASn-t--np X{-am-Wn-Xv.

Ckvemw BtKm-f`- o-Ic


- h
- m-Z
- ns
D]mZ-\t- I-{-amWv F kntbmWnv Bibw ]mm-Xy-cm-jv{S-sfbpw cmjv{S-t\-Xr-Xz-sbpw kzm[o\n--Xns ^e-am-bmWv aX-]-T-im-eIpw aX-{]-N-cW tI{-p-saXn-cmb \S-]-Sn-I ]e cmjv{S--fnepw
kao-]-Im-ev- Dm-b-Xv. kuayhpw
kam-[m-\]
- c
- h
- p-amb coXn-bn
CkvemanI {]t_m-[\w \nhlnp \nc-h[n kwL-S-\-I
]mmXytemI-p-v. Ah Hcp
\nepw `oIchmZs t{]mm-ln-nphtbm, Ckvemans\ Xo{h-hm-Z-]c-ambn hymJym-\n-p--htbm A.
Fm kntbm-Wnv IpX-{-f
- psS
kzm[o\he-b
- ns] ]mmXy

2013 P\phcn

65

hm-Z-n-\pw lnwkm--I-amb \S-]-SnIpw AXo-X-ambn Ckvemans\


Dsm-m-\m-hn F \ne-]m-SpIv hnip-nbpw ]hn-{X-Xbpw
I]n-p AXn-hm-Z-]-c-amb \ne-]mSp-I Ckvemans kuay-io-e-sf
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- n
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- v- t_m-kv\
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- h
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kl-Ic
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apgp-h Iog-S-p-hm\pw temI-P-\Xsb apgp-h kzw Imo-gn
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i{Xp- ]m-fn-If
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kaq-l-sf XIp-hm Ah-kcw
t\mn-bn-cn-p-h
- kam-\a
- mbn
Nnn-p--h-cmWv Fp A\p-`-h-fn \nv hy-am-bn-p-v.
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sN-p-p--tm. A-Xv io-e-am-b-t
R-s
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- h
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- s
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X-s-bmWv''-.
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- p-sSbp-n-t_m-[w-!- C-kv-em-an-s\- C-I-gv-Ww.- A-Xn-\v- G-Xp- h-gn-bpw- kzo-I-cnpw.- A-{X-am-{Xw-!-

2013 P\phcn

66

e-u- Pn-l-m-Zv-!{In-kv-Xy _nj-v Iu-kn-en-s\


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- cm-Wv- bp-n-hm-Zn-Is
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- n-bX
- v!- - I-gp-I
-
- p-tfm-sS- C-kvem-an-s\- t\m-n-m-Wp-- I-em-Iu-ap-ZnC-kv-em-an-s\- hn-a-in-m-\p-- H-c-h-kc-hpw- ]m-gm-m-dn-- F-- h-kv-Xp-X- bpn-Nn-- Iq-Sn-bX
- p-sIm-m-bn-cn-
- mw- Iem-\m-Y- Hm-m-sX- t]m-b-Xv.- 2866 aX-]-cn-h--\- hn-hm-l--- \-S-p- F- Iu-ap-Zn- hm--p- ti-jw- 2012
Pq- 10 e--n- I-gp-I--e-bp-sSap-JN
- n-{X-hpw- "tI-cf
- s
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- y- F-n-Xym-Zn-If
- n- - \n-v- amdn-b-h-cp-sS- {]-tXy-I- I-W-pw- ]-d-bpp-v.- "tI-{- A-`y--c- a-{m-e-b-'-ns- U-kvI
- n-se-n-bXm-Ws
- {X-- {]-kvX
- pX- I-W-v.-- A-Xv- I-em-Iu-ap-Zn-p- am-{Xta- In-n-bn-p-q- F-p- am-{Xw-!"a-X-]c-n-h--\w- \-S-p-hm- ap-kvenw- ]-n-X-m- G-Xp- \o-N-am-K-hpwkzo-I-cn-pw'- F-p- ]-d-bp-- I-e-m-\mY- a-\--n-em-t-- H-cp- bm-Ym-Yy-apv.- \oN-am-K-n-eq-sS- \-S-m- I-gnbp-- H-- a-X-]-cn-h--\w.- A-Xns- B-h-iy-hpw- C-kv-em-an-\n-.- A-XvB-Z-i-n-epw- Po-hn-X-co-XnI-fn-epw- aqey-Nn--I-fn-ep-sam-s-bp-- am--am-Wv.C-jv-S-ap--h--Xv- kzo-I-cn-mw-;- \n-cmI-cn-mw.- C-jvS- a
- p-- cm-jv{- So-b- ]m-nbn- hn-iz-kn-m-\pw- A-Xv- i-cn-b-sp- tXm--p-tm- B- ]m-n- hn-v- asm-cp- ]m-n-bn- tN-m-dm-\p-ap-kzm-X-{y-s- bp-n-hm-Zn-I- A-\p-

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C-jv-S-ap-- s]-n-s- Iq-sS- Pohnm-\pw- a-Xn-sb-p- tXmp-tm-a-sm-cp-n-bp-sS- Iq-sS- s]m-dp-m\pap-- kzm-X-{yw- \-Ip--h-cs- bp-n-hm-Zn-I?- ]n-s-s-bn\v- H-cm- a-Xw- am-dp--Xn- bp-nhm-Zn-I- A-k-ln-jv-Wp-X- Im-Wnp-p?- A-k-`y-hm-pI- sNm-cnbp-p?-!-

2013 P\phcn

67

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- v- tcm-Ke
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- cm-b- km-ln-Xy-Im-c
- mcp-- k-aq-l-n-!- ap-l--Zv- \-_nbn- \-- Z-in-m,- I-cp-W-bp-sS- Aw-iw- Im-Wm-- bpn-hm-Zn-I- hn-a-i-I-cp-tS-X-m-- \_n-N-cn-{Xw- H-cm-h--n- hm-bn--Ww.A-t-l-n-s- h-N-\m-ar-X---- ]-Tn-Ww.-- ap-l--Zv- \-_n-- ]-d-p-:- ""P-\-tfm-Sv- I-cp-W- Im-Wn-m-h
- \
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-- z-`m-hssh-in-j-vTyw-!-- "H-cp- {Km-ao-W\v- C-{X-bpw[n-m-c-tam,- A-m-lp-hn-s-- Zq-X-\pw- hnizm-kn-I-fp-sS- t\-Xm-hp-amb- F-s- A]-am-\n-- Cu- a-\p-jy-s\- sh-dp-sX- hnp-Iq-Sm-'- F-sm-pw- B- a-lm-\p-`m-hNn-n-n-.hn-ip-- Iz-p-B-\n-s-d- I-]-\I- Ir-Xy-am-bpw- Po-hn-X-n- ]I-p-I-bm-bn-cp-p- A-t-lw. A-mlp- ]-d-bp-p-:""hn-p-ho-gv-N-bp-sS- am-Kw- kzo-Icnp-I.- \--Xv- I-]n--p-I.- A-hnthInIsf- A-h-K-Wn-p-I-bpw- sNpI'' (7:-195).{]-hm-N-I- X-\n-p-th-n- H-cne-pw- H-cp- Im-cy-n-epw- {]-Xn-Im-c- \-S]-Sn- kzo-I-cn-n-n-!-- kv-{Xo-I-sf-tbm- `-rXy-sc-tbm- H-cn--epw- {]-l-cn-n-n!
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- w- \-S
- p-hmss-Z-h-\n-tj-[n-I-v- Ig-n-bp-p.-Po-hi
- m-kv{- X- tem-I
- v- C-p-hs
- cAw-Ko-Ic
- n-s
- -n-n-m-;- im-kv{- X-ns-d- am-K--fp-]-tbm-Kn-p- sIm-v- Hcn--epw- sX-fn-bn-p-hm-\m-hm-- H-cptI-h-e- knm-w- am-{X-am-Wv- ]-cn-Wm-ahm-Zw.- ]-t,- I-em-\-m-Y- km-dn-s- In- ]-cn-Wm-ah
- m-Zw- "A-]v
- p-tU-m'-Wv!- F-p-sIm-v- ]
- c
- n-Wm-ah
- m-Zw- kzo-Ic
- n-s-Sp-p-sh-- tNm-Zy-n-\v ]-cn-Wm-a2013 P\phcn

68

hm-Zn-bm-b- k- B-X- Io-v- \-In-ba-dp-]Sn- C-{]-Im-c-am-Wv-:- - "Po-h-]-cn-Wm-awsX-fn-bn-s


- -X
-
- ;- A-Xv- im-kv{- X
- o-ba
- m- bn- sX-fn-bn-p-hm-\pw- km-[y-a-. F-nepw- R-- A-Xn- hn-iz-kn-p-p.F-p-sI
- m-s-m- A-Xn- hn-iz-knn-s--n- ss-Z-hw- kr-jv-Sn- \-S-n-sbv Aw-Ko-I-cn-t--Xm-bn- h-cpw.- A-XvR--v- Nn-n-p-hm- t]m-epw- I-gnbn-'.am\-h-Ip-e-n\v ]cn-Wm-a-hmZw
km-\n \mi-\j
- vS
- s
- f-p-dnpw
Zpcn-X
- s
- f-p-dnpw ]cn-Wm-ah
- m-Zn-Xs-bmb tdm_v ssdv Xs Z
tamd B\n-a- F {K-n
]d-bp-Xv ImWpI: ""]cn-Wm-a-hmZ
knm--n\v AXv a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xnepw Ahs hyh-lm-c-nepw
lo\hpw \nIr-jvS-hp-amb coXn-bn
{]tbm-Kh
- X
- vIc
- n-X
- ns \o Ncn-{XwX-s-bp-v. \qm-ns XpS-
- n
AXv \nc-h[n cmjv{Sob X-z-im-kv{X-fp-ambn IqSn-e
- v "tkmjy
Umhn-\nkw' F Ahy--amb Hcp
X-z-im-kv{X-n\v cq]w \In.
hKo-b- ^
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\nZm-n-Wy-cmb IpI apX-em-fnIpw Cu X-zimkv{Xw hf-sc-b[nIw D]-I-cn-p-Ibpw sNbvXp''
(Robert wright, The moral Animal,
Vintage books, Newyork :1994, P.7).
Umhn-\n-k
- ns imkv{Xob
taJ-eI
- Aim-kv{Xo-bX
- b
- p- sS ]n-Ibn Fgp-X-s-p-sh-n-epw, AXns
kmaq-ln-Ih
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Cpw Ah-cpsS \nIr-jvSX
- I
-
\n_m[w XpSp-sIm-n-cn-p-Ib
- m-

Wv. {]Ir-Xn-bn \ne-\np


kIe Poh-Pm-e-fpw ]c-kv]cw
kwL-\
-
- n-em-sW-pw, Bb-Xn-\m
Ah-sbmw ""\ne-\n]n\p-th-nbp t]mcm-n''emsW-p-ap
X-zw Umhn-\nkw aptm-p-h-p.
Cu t]mcm--n i hnP-bn-pIbpw Ai- ]cm-P-b-s-Sp-Ibpw
sNp-p. ihpw Hw \nc--c-hpamb t]mcm-
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Ai-s\ AXn-P-bn-p--Xv. i
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`qap-J
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A{]-Xy-a
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-
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BZiw aptmpsh-s-t- XmsS
a\pjya\-p-Isf CXv At-bw
kzm[o-\n-p-Ibpw Ahs Nn-Ifnepw s]cpam-fnepw Cu X-z {]tbm-Kh
- XvIcn-s
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sNbvXp. Cu {]mtbm-Kh
- XvIc-Wns Pohn-p DZm-lc
- W
-
- f
- m-bncpp hyXykvX `u-XnI {]Xy-b-imkv{X-fpw Ah-bpsS Xe-v Ccpp-sImv A[n-Im-c-ns ]n_-en {]Ir-Xn-bnse "A\n-hm-cy-amb
t]mcm-
- n A{]-Xy-a
- m-tI-n-bncp'- Ai--cmb km[m-cW P\s
Iq-sm-ep hnt[-b-am-nb GI-O{Xm-[n-]X
- n-Ifpw FXv Ccp-]Xmw
\qm-ns Ncn-{X-nse bp-h-i-sf-p-dnv Hcm-hn hmbn-m
t_m[y-am-Ipw.
{]Ir-Xn-sb-Xv kwL-\
- f
- psSbpw Ie-l
- f
- p-sSbpw cW-`q-an-bmsW Umhn-\n-k-ns s]mbmb hmZ- a\p-jy-ka
- q-l
- n
{]tbm-Kh
- X
- vIc
- n-m XpS-n-bt- XmsS
]e-hn[ {Iqc-X-Ifpw temIv ActdnpS-n. A\n-hm-cy-amb ka-cfpw bp--fp-amWv X \S-pXv Fv a\p-jy-p-cp-Xnv
t\XrXzw \Ip Ccw \mb-Im Umhn-\n-k-ns Aim-kv{Xo-bhm-Z
- f
- psS ASn-m-\
- n P\sf hniz-kn-n-p- Xp-S-n. CXns
Ghpw henb DZm-l-c-W-amWv
lnvedpw At-l-ns Ah-Im-i-hmZ-hpw. Cu temIs Ghpw D-X
Bcy-m-cm-Wv;- A
- h
- s
- c-m
DXcmbn am-cp-an-. ap--h-scmw

Ahp Xmsg-bm-Wv. Bcy-m-cmWv


A[n-Imcw ssIImcyw sNt-h
- .
AXn-\m bp-nepw kwL--\nepw Ah-cmWv hnP-bn-p-Ibpw
AXn-Po-hn-p-Ibpw sNt-h
- .
Umhn-\nkw kaq-l-n {]tbm-KhXvI-cn--s--Xns Ghpw \ DZml-c-W-amWv lnvedp-sS- Ncn{Xw
\apv hy-am-n--cp--Xv.
\n-jvI
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- - sN-p-X
- v- kr-jvS- n-Ifn- \n-p-- {]-Xn-^-ew- B-{K-ln-psIm---;- {k-jv-Sm-hn-s- {]-Xn--^-ew- B{K-ln-m-Wv.- ]-c-kv-]-c- k-lm-b-k-l-Ic-W--fn-epw- a-pw- A-h- B-{K-ln-p-Xv- {k-jv-Sm-hn-s- {]o-Xn-bpw- {]Xn-^e-hp-am-Wv.- A-Xp-sIm-v- Xn-cn-p-In-p-Xv- D-]{Z-h-am-sW-n-epw- hn-iz-m-kn--Xn- \n-cm-i-tbm- {]-Xn-^-ew- \jv-S-s-Spsa-- Nn--tbm- D-m-In-.- bp-n-hm-ZnI-tm?- "\-n-jv-Im-a- I-aw-'- {]-tbm-Kn-- sIm-p-hc
- p- h
- m- G-sXn-epw- bpn-hm-Zn-v- I-gn-n-p-tm-;- I-gn-bp-tam?_nw-_m-cm-[-\-bpw- _-en-I-a-hpwI-em-\m-Y- A-`n-ap-Jw- A-hkm-\nn-p--Xn--s\-:- ""_nw-_m-cm-[-\ \n2013 P\phcn

69

tcm-[n- Iz-p-B _-en \n-tcm-[n-n.


F-v Xn-I
hn-tcm-[m-`m-ka
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X-e-bn-m ssZ-hw ]-c-temI-v;- X-ebp-f-f a-\p-jy `q-an-bn F-v ]-d-bp Iz-p-B B-[p\n-I P-\m-[n]XytemI-v hen-sbm-c-f-hn A-{]-k-amWv.''_nw-_m-cm-[-\-bpw- _-en-bpw- Hcpt]m-se-bm-tWm- km?- _nw-_m-cm-[-\ssZ-h-[n-m-c-am-Wv.- ssZ-h-s- \-n-m-cam-bn- Im-Wp-- {]-h--\-am-Wv.- _-enI-aw- A--s\-b-.- ]-cn-Wm-a-hm-Zn-s-s\-- _-en-I-a-s- F-Xn-m- I-gnbpw?- "A--l-X-bp--Xv- A-Xn-Po-hn-psa--t'- B-im- ]-d-p-sh-n-p-Xv?- A-m-h
- b
-
- s
- \- C-m-sX-bm-bn- sm-n-cn--pw.- "\ne-\n]n\p-th-nbp t]mcm-'am-bn- _-en-sb- I-mt]m-tc?- C-kv-em-an-se- _-en hn-{K-l-n\p-ap-n-ep-- _-en-t]m-se-b-.- _-enar-K-n-s- amw-kw- a-\p-jy-v- `-n-m-\p--Xm-Wv.- P-p-kv-t\-l-am-Wv- _en-sb- F-Xn-m- bp--n-hm-Zn-I-vIm-cW
- s
- a-n- Xn-I
- "sh-Pn-t-dn-bkm'-bn- A-h-v- Po-hn-t-n-h-cpw.- -ao\pw- Nn--\pw- _o-^p-sam-s- I-gn-p-h- "_-e-n'- F-- t]-cn- A-dp-- Dcp-hn-s- a-mw-kw- Xn-p--Xn-s\- F-ns\-Xn-W
- w?""X-e-bn-m ssZ-hw ]-c-temI-v;X-e-bp- a-\p-jy `q-an-bn''- F-vIzp-B- ]-d-bp-p-s-n- B- kq-w- G-Xv- A-[ym-bn-em-sW-v- ]-dp-X
- m- \-m-bn-cp-p-!-

]cnWmahpw P\nXIimkv{Xhpw: 3

]cn-Wmaw: I-ap-I-v a-dp-]Sn


F.Fw lpssk
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-
- -v kvt- \-lk
- w-hm-Zw sh_vs
- skn e-`n- {]-Xn-I-c-W- Iu-Xp-I-I-c-am-bn-cpp. e-`n- {]-Xn-I-c-W--fn Gsdbpw ]-cn-Wm-ah
- m-Zn-If
- p-tS-Xm-bn-cp-s-nepw te-J\
-
- f
- n-se H-scm- hn-a-i\
-
- n\pw
hn-i-Zo-Ic-Ww \-Im A-h {i-an-p-I-bp-m-bn. ]-cnWm-a hn-a-i-\-n-se hkv-Xp-Xm]-ctam hym-Jym-\]-ctam B-b H-c_-w t]mepw sX-fn-hp-k-ln-Xw Nq-nm-m-sXbpw H-scm- hmZ-s t]mepw J-n-m-sXbpw N-m-hn-jb
- h
- p-am-bn t\cn-p _--anm- Im-cy- H-gp- a-n kq-Nn-n-p-I-bm-Wv an- I-a-p-I-m-cp-w sN-bv-XXv. ]-cn-Wm-astbm ]-cnWm-a hn-a-i-\-sftbm B-g-n a-\-n-emm- {i-an-m-sX ]mT-]p-kv-X-I hn-h-c- hn-gp-n ]-cn-Wm-a-`--am-cm-bn I-gnbp-h
- i-Im-c
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v-
- BZyw
hn-i-Ie-\w sN-mw. te-J-\--fn-se N-m-hn-j-b--fp-am-bn t\-cn-p _--an-s-ne-pw kw-i-b-cqt]-W \-Sn-b I-ap-I ]n-o-Sv ]cn-tim-[n-mw.
{]-Ir-Xn\n-[m-c-W-n-\v Um-hn \In-b \n-h-N-\hpw D-Zm-l-c-Whpw imkv{- Xo-ba
- m-bn hn-iI
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- v {]-Ir-Xn-\n-[mc-Ww h-gn Xn-Ipw hy-Xy-kvX
- am-b
Po-hP
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- n-p-Ib
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v- Xv. am-{Xa,
B-[p\n-I ]-cn-Wm-ahm-ZNn-I
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2013 P\phcn

70

{X-cpw Po-h-Pm-Xn-I-fp-sS D-hw hn-i-Zo-I-cn-m {]-IrXn-\n-[m-c-W {]-{Inb-v km-[y-a F-v hy--am-n-bXpw


Nq-n-m-n-bn-cpp. Cu hm-Z-fpw hn-i-I-e-\-fpw A-_-am-sW-n A-h Im-cy-Im-c-Wk-ln-Xw hy--am-m-\m-Wv
]-cn-Wm-ah
- m-Zn-I {i-an-t-n-bn-cp-Xv. F-m Um-hn-s
\n-hN-\w hn-i-Ie-\w sN-bv-X-Xn-s\-p-dntm Um-hn \-In-b D-Zm-lc-Ww ]pXn-b Po-hP
- m-Xn-I D-h
- n-p-Xv hni-Zo-Ic
- n-p-n F-v k-aYn-X
- n-s\-p-dn-tm H-sc-Xn-hmZhpw ]-cn-Wm-a-hm-Zn-Ifm-b I-ap-Im D--bn-n-n. ]I-cw
A-hs
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- s
- X-v t\m-p:
tPmk^v F-gp-Xn-b-Xn-s\: ""C-Xp-t]m-se- im-kv-{X-hp-ambn H-cp _--hpan-m- ]-cn-Wm-a-n-s t]-cn teJ\]c-c Rm F-s- k-ap-Zm-b-n-epw I-n-p-v. CXp-t]m-ep te-J-\- ]pXn-b X-e-apdsb Confuse sN-m km-[n-pw. lp-ssk, im-kv{Xw F-s-v F-gp-Xp-I. A-Xn sXp-s-n A-Xv F-gp-Xp-I. AmsX aphcpsS hmpI
h-fsmSnm {ianmsX. ]ns lp-ssk imkv{Xob
ho-WamtWm AtXm aXns krnhoWamtWm Fgp-Xm {i-an-p-X
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-- rnhoWw BsWn ss_-_n,
Jp-B- F-o a-X-{K---fn sh-dpw- B-dv- Zn-h-kw sImm-Wv {]]w krnsXv ]dbpp. Cv \apdnbmw
AXv icnbsv. AXpsImv lpssks Xnbdn A-dn-m sImmw.''
Cu I-ap-Imc-\v {]-Ir-Xn\n-[m-cW
- k-]n-\v Po-hPm-Xn-If
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- pd-v im-kv{Xw F-msW--dn-bmw. kv-Iq-fnepw tIm-f-Pn-epw ]Tn-v ]-co--sb-gp-Xn
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Du-ln-p-X
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2013 P\phcn

{]-Xym-in-p-Ib
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te-J-\--fn-se H-cp hm-Z-n-se A_-w t]mepw Nq-nm-m-\m-Im-sX ]-cn-Wm-a`
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a-sm-cp Ia v jm^nbptS-XmWv. A-Xns\: ""C--s
F-UyptUv apkvenwIv lp-ss-s\ t]m-ep-h
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im-]-am-W.v ]-cn-Wm-aw F- t]-cn Iptd imkv{- XmcpsS
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am-sW- B-i-b-s ]p-dw-X-m- Po-h-Pm-Xn-I-fp-sS D--hn-\v Im-cW


- w {]-Ir-Xn-\n-[m-kc
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- n-p-Ib
- m-Wn-tm!''
C-Xv -lp-ssks kz-]v-\w B-Wv o^ Ku-Uv H-cn-epw F--s\ ]-d-n-n-.-- 1994 ]-n-jv sN-bv-X Hen's teeth
and horse's toes F- o^ Ku-Uns _p-n (t]-Pv
253,-262) h-f-sc h-y-am-bn Ku-Uv lp-ss-s\ -t]m-ep-
kr-n-hn-izm-kn-I Ku-Uns hm-pI am-n-a-dn-p F-gpXn-bXmbnp ]-d-n-p-v. ]n-s lp-ssk ]-d- co-Xnbn- A- o^ Ku-Uns Punctuated equilibrium Xn-bdn. lp-ssks ]-cn-Wm-aw F- B-nn sh-dpw H-cp tKmn-v- B-bn-m-Wv F-\n-p tXm-n-b-Xv. Im-c-Ww C-Xn k-b-kv B-bn H-pw C-. BZyw lp-ssk Punctuated equilibrium Xn-b-dn F-m-W-p hy--am--Ww.--''
kv-o-^ Ku-Un-s Um-ho-\n-b hn-a-i-\-s-n
te-J-\-n D--bn- hm-Zw kq-v-a-am-bn a-\-n-em-m-sXbm-Wv ta I-a v. kr-n-ho-Ww Ku-Uv n-co-Ic
- n-X
- mbn A-t-lw X-s ]-d-p-sh-v Rm-s\-hn-sSbpw F-gp-Xnbn-n. As\ Implicate sN-bvX
- np-t]m-ep-an. {]-Ir-Xn \n[mc-Ww Xn-Ipw hy-Xy-kv-Xam-b Po-h-Pm-Xn-I-fp-sS D--hw
hn-i-Zo-I-cn-m ]-cym-]v-X-a-s-v Ku-Uv hy--am-n-bn-pv F-mWv F-gp-Xn-bXv. {]-Ir-Xn\n-[mc-Ww Xn-Ipw hyXy-kvX
- am-b Po-hP
- m-Xn-If
- p-sS D-hw hn-iZ- o-Ic
- n-m ]-cym]v-X-a-s-v Um-hn-s Ime-s kr-nhm-Z im-kv-{X-am- D--bn- F-Xn-hm-Z-am-sW-pw (C-sXm-s a-\-n-em-IW-sa-n Um-hn-s H-dn-Pn Hm-^v kv]
- o-jn-kv hm-bn-Ww.
]-cn-Wm-a-n-\v ic-Ww hn-fn-m t]m-c!) Ku-Un-s ]pXnb hm-Zw kr-n-ho--W-m-cp-sS ]-g-b hmZ-s n-co-I-cnp-I-bm-sW-p-am-Wv F-gp-Xn-bXv. C-Xv n-co-I-c-WamtWm
A-t F-v Xo-cp-am-\n-m Ku-Un-s kmyw B-h-iyan. Nn-m-ti-jnbpw kr-n]-cn-Wm-ah
- m-Z
- f
- p-sS N-cn-{Xhpw
a-Xn-bm-hpw.
Ku-Un-s hm-p-I kr-n-hm-Zn-I h-f-sm-Sn--Xn-\v
D-Zm-l-c-W-am-bn Up-hm Kn-jn-s\ KuUv Hen's teeth and
horse's toes F- Ir-Xn-bn ]-cm-a-in-Xv (t]-Pv 260261) hj--v ap-t Rm hm-bn-n-cpp. Ku-Un-s Ir-Xn a-m{X-w hm-bn-n-p- \q-dp-o Ku-Un-\v Kn-jv F-gpXn-b a-dp]Sn hm-bn-n-p-m-In F-v hy--amWv. A-Xp hm-bn-m Knjv Ku-Un-s\ h-f-sm-Sn-s- B-tcm]-Ww A-Sn-m-\-cln-X-am-sW-v t_m-[y-am-hpw. ]-cnWm-ahn-Z-Kv-[\pw a-e-bm-fn-se {][m-\ ]-cnWm-akm-ln-Xy-f
- p-sS I-m-hp-amb s{]m^: Ip-p-nh-- C-tX B-tcm]-Ww A-t-l-n-s krnhm-Z hn-a-i\
- {K-
- n D-b
- n-n-cpp. B Ir-Xnv Cu
te-J-I F-gpXn-b a-dp]-Sn {K--n (kr-n-hm-Zhpw ]-cnWm-a-hm-Zn-I-fpw, t]-Pp-I 7072) Ku-Un-s B-tcm]-Ww
A-Sn-m-\-c-ln-X-am-sW-v k-aYn-n-cpp. C-Xn-\v a-dp]-Sn
2013 P\phcn

Po-h-Pm-Xn-I-fp-sS D--h-n-\v- {]-Ir-Xn-\n-[mm-c-Ww


Im-c-W-a- F- kr-n-ho--W-s C-m-e-a-{X
-bpw ]p-n-- Um-hn-\n-kv-dp-I-nS-bn-- \n-p
X-s C-tm ]p-Xn-sbm-cp hn-`m-Kw ]-cn-Wm-a-hm
-Zn-I- Dm-bn-p--Xv Iu-Xp-I-I-c-am-Wv. o^
Ku-Un-s\-tm-ep--h ta kq--N n- n- kr-n
-hm-Z-ho--Ww i-cn-sb-v n-co-I-cn-p-I-bm-Wn
-tm.

F-gp-Xm-sX ]-cnWm-ahn-Z-Kv-[\m-b s{]m-^: Ip-p-n-h-


H-gn-p-am-dp-Ib
- m-Wv sN-bvX
- X
- v.
Ku-Un-s an- Ir-Xn-Ifpw hm-bn-p-Ibpw ]Tn-p-Ibpw
sNbvX
- ti-ja
- m-Wv te-J\
-
- X-m-dm-n-bXv. {]-Ir-Xn \n[m-cW
- k-]s hn-a-i\
- m-I
- a
- m-bn hn-eb
- n-cp-p-Ib
- mbn-cp-p e-yw. Ku-Un-s Xnb-dn A-h-X-cn-n-p--Xn-\v
A-Xn-\m km--`n-I-am-bn {]-k-n-bn. {]-Ir-Xn\n-[m-cW k--]-s-p-dn-v Ku-Uv D--bn- A-`n-{]m-b-hy-Xymkw A-h-X-cn-n-p--Xn-\m-Wv B k--`-n Iq-Sp-X {]k-n.
{]-Ir-Xn\n-[m-cW
- s
- -p-dn-p- F-s te-J\
- "tKmkn-v B-bn-m-Wv tXm-nbXv' Fpw \q-dp-o F-gp-Xn-bn-pv.
{]-Ir-Xn\n-[m-cW
- k-]n-s im-kv{- Xo-bhpw bp-n-]c-hpam-b hn-iI
- e-\w tKm-kn-m-bn tXm-p-h
- -v tKm-kn-v
F-m-bn tXmpw Fv Du-ln-m t]mepw \n-hr-n-bn!
]-cnWm-ak--]w am-{X-am-Wv im-kv{- X-sapw A-sX-p-dn-p im-kv-{Xo-bhpw bp-n-]-c-hpam-b hn-a-i-\- im-kv-{Xam-hp-Ib
- n-spw tKm-kn-m-Ip-sapw I-cp-Xp-b
- m H-mcw ]-cn-Wm-am--hn-izm-kn X-s-bt?
]-cnWm-akn-m-
- n-s\-Xncm-b im-k{-v Xo-b hn-a-i\
-
-
]-cn-Wm-ah
- m-Zn-I-v tKm-kn-m-bn tXm-p-X
- n-\p-]n-n-se a\-xim-kv{Xw c-km-hl
- a
- mWv. {]-Ir-Xn\n-[m-cW
- k-]s
bp-n-]-c-ambpw hn-a-i-\m--I-ambpw hn-i-Ie-\w sN-bv-XXn-s\ J-nmt\m F-Xn-hm-Z--fn-se A-_-- Nqn-mmt\m I-gn-hnm-h
- "C-Xn-se-v im-k{-v X-am-Wp-Xv'
72

Xp-n-?
]-cnWm-ak--]
- nemtWm A-Xn-s hn-a-i\
- m-I
- amb hn-a-i\
-
- nemtWm im-k{-v Xhpw bp-n-bp-ap-s
- X-v ]cntim-[n-mw. th-KX
- Ip-d
sN-m-bI
- th-KX
- IqSn-b s-Nm-bI
- f
- m-bn am-dp-X
- n-s\-p-dn-v Um-hn F-gp-Xnb-Xv Rm
hn-h-cn-Xv Xm-sg sIm-Sp-mw:
C-sX-p-dn-p- F-s hn-e-bn-cp- C--s\-bm-bn-cpp: {]-Ir-Xn-\n-[mc-W
- n-\v Zr-m-a
- m-bn Umhn sN-mb-sb D-Zm-l-cn-p-p. a-e-bp-sS- Xm-gvhm-c-n Po-hn-p-
sN-m-b
- q-
- s
- f k-]np-I. {]-tXy-I- km-lN
- c
- y-n
A-h ]-n-Wn-bn-em-Ip-p. sN-m-bI
-
- v C-cb
- m-bn am-\p-I
am-{X-am-Wv- A-hn-sS-bp--Xv. am-\m-I-s th-K-X Iq-Sn-b ar-K-amWv. G-h
- pw th-KX
- b
- p- sN-m-bI
-
- v- am{X-sa am-\p-Is
- f
]n-Sn-m-\m-hq. th-K-X Ip-d- sN-m-b-I-fp-sS th--bn \npw- am-\p-I c-s
- -Spw. A-Xn-\m th-Kw Iq-Sn-b sN-m-bI-t C-c In-q. a-p-h
- - ]-n-Wn-bn N-sm-Sp-pw. A-XnPo-hn--s-Sp- sN-m-b-I-v- th-K-X -Iq-Sp-X-ep-m-Ip-sa-Yw. Iq-Sn-b th-K-X-sb- Kp-Ww A-h A-Sp- X-e-ap-d-bnte-v ]-I-cp-p.-- Cu ]-cn-h---\- Im-e--tfm-fw Xp-S-m sN-m-bI
- f
- p-sS Hm-tcm X-ea
- p-dI
- f
- n-epw t- h-Kk
- m-a-Yyw
h-[n--v A-Xn-th-K-ap- ]p-Xn-b sN-m-b-h-Kw D-m-Ip-psh-v -Umhn hy--am-p-p.-- (The origin of species, Penguin: 1981, P. 138)
th-K-X Ip-d- sN-m-b F-{X th-K-X Iq-Sn-b sN-m-bI-fm-bm-epw A-h sN-m-bI
- X-s-bt- ? sN-m-bI
- f
- n \npw sN-m-b-I ]-cn-W-an-p-m-Ip- Cu "{]-Ir-Xn-\n--[mc-W-X-zw' A-ao-_-bn- \n--pw a-\p-jy hsc-bp- e--W
- n- Po-hn-h
- K-fp-m-bX
- n-\v Xr-]vX
- n-Ic
- a
- m-b hn-iZ- oI-cW
- a
- m-Ip-s
- X-s
- \?
Hm-tcm X-e-ap-d-I-fn-epw -th-K-km-a-Yyw h-[n-v th-K-X
Iq-Sn-b sN-m-bh-Kw D-m-Im-sa-v Umhn \-In-b k-]-n-eq-sS {K-ln-mw. C-Xn-\-p-dw sN-m-b F- Po-hPm-Xn Xn-I-pw- hy-Xy-kv-X-am-b a-sm-cp Po-h-Pm-Xn-bm-bn ]-cnW-an-p--Xn-te-v sh-fn-w ho-ip- bm-sXm-cp- sX-fn-hp-Ifpw Umhn A-h-X-cn-n-n-n- F--Xm-Wv bm-Ym-Yyw.-th-K-X Ip-d-- sN-m-b-I th-K-X Iq-Sn-b sN-m-b-Ifm-bn am-dn F-p-X-s I-cp-Xp-I. C-Xv ]-cn-Wm-a-a-. H-cp-Po-hPm-Xn Xn-I-pw hy-Xy-kv-X-am-b Po-h-Pm-Xn-bm-bn am-dp--Xn-s\bm-Wv km-t-Xn-I-am-bn ]-cn-Wm-aw -F-v hn-fn-p--Xv. Np-cp-n Umhn A-h-X-cn-n- D-Zm-l-c-Ww t]m-epw- ]-cnWm-a-n-\v sX-fn-h- F--Xm-Wv h-kv-Xp-X. ]-cn-Wm-a-n-\v
sX-fn-hm-bn {]-Ir-Xn-bn- kw--` - hn- hn-iz-k\
- o-bh
- pw im-kv{- Xob-hp-am-b H-cp-Zm-lc
- W
- w-t]m-epw Umhn Nq-- n-m-n-bn-n-.
Umhn hn-h-cn- sN-m-b-bp-sS D-Zm-l-c-Ww t]m-epw- km]n--Ia
- m-Wv F- Im-cyw {i-n-p-I. `q-an-bn G-sX-n-ep- w
{]-tZ-i-v- Po-hn-p- G-sX-n-epw H-cp Po-h-Pm-Xn-bn \npw a-sm-cp Po-h-Pm-Xn -{]-Ir-Xn-\n-[mc-W-n-eq-sS D-cp-ncn--Xn-s b-Ym-Yam-b H-cp-Zm-l-c-Ww t]m-epw- Umhn
lm-P-cm-n-bn-n-.-- ta kq-Nn-n- D-Zm-l-c-Ww X-s-bpw -{]Ir-Xn-bn s]m-Xp-sh kw-`h
- n-p-X
-
- . Umhn-s k-
- ]
- w
am-{X-am-Wv.-- sN-m-b-bp-sS {]-Ir-Xn-\n-[mc-Ww kq-v-a-am-bn

Hm-tcm X-e-ap-d-I-fn-epw -th-K-km-a-Yyw h-[n-v thK-X Iq-Sn-b sN-m-bh-Kw D-m-Im-sa-v Um--hn


- \-In-b k--]-n-eq-sS {K-ln-mw. C-Xn-\
-p-dw sN-m-b F- Po-h-Pm-Xn Xn-I-pw hy-Xy-kv-X
-am-b a-sm-cp Po-h-Pm-Xn-bm-bn ]-cn-W-an-p--Xn-te
-v sh-fn-w ho-ip- bm-sXm-cp- sX-fn-hp-I-fpw Um
-hn A-h-X-cn-n-n-n- F--Xm-Wv bm-Ym-Yyw.-F-v tNm-Zn-v H-gn-p-am-dp- X-{-am-Wv kzo-I-cn-Xv. Xmsg kq-Nn-n-p- I-ap-I t\m-p:
Ah ]-db
- p-p: ""]-cn-Wm-aw F-v ]-d
p Xp-S
- n- AXp im-kv-{X-]-c-am-bn H-pw F-gp-Xn I-n-.-- lp-ssk I-gn 30 h-j--am-bn-p D-d-w B-W-p tXm-p-p. D-W-cq lpssk-, D-W-p Z-b-hm-bn kbkv F-m-sW-p ]Tn--m- {i-anp-I, C-sXm-cp -At]bmWv.''
_nPp ]-db
- p-p: C-hn-sS B-Wv Umhns hnj F-msW-p a-\n-em-t--Xv. A-Xv a-\-n-em-I-W-sa-n t_kn-Iv kbkv F-ms-W-p a-\-kn-em-Ww. A-Xn-\p
km-am-\y_p-n lp-ssk-\v D-s-v- tXm-pn-, kn-\n-am\Sn-I-fp-sS tKm-kn-v ^o- hm-bn-p--Xv t]m-se tXm-n lpssk-s- B-n--n hm-bn--tm. imkv{Xw F-v t]-cv am{X-ta D-p, im-kv-{Xw -h-w ]q-Pyw.-dknb ]-d-bp-p: C-hn-sS Cu teJ\n\v a-dp-]-Sn F-gpXn-b-h Umhns ]-cn-Wm-a-n-\p [m-cm-fw sX-fn-hp-I- \-Inbnpv. A-Xp-sIm-v k-tlm-Z-cm sh-dp-sX U-b-tem-Kv
A-Sn-m-sX im-kv-{Xw- A-dn-bm-sa-n A-Xv ]-d-bp-I, C-hn-sS
a-p--h F-mw im-kv-{Xw B-Wv F-gp-Xn-b-Xv.-- a-p--h Chn-sS tem-In-se h-en-b bq\n-thgvkn-n-I-fp-sS sh-_v-sskv- sIm-Sp-n-p-v-, im-kv-{Xw ]Tn-m. A-Xv t\m-n-bn-p adp-]S- n F-gp-Xp-I. h-en-b- im-k{-v XteJ-\w F-gp-Xp- lp-ssk
F-p-sIm-v C-hn-sS F-gp-Xn-b tNmZyv a-dp-]-Sn -F-gp-

2013 P\phcn

73

n-spw Nq-n-m-n-bm tKm-kn-mbn! ]-cn-Wm-ahm-Z kmln-Xy--fn-se A-q---Y-I im-kv-{X-ambpw A-Xn-se Akw-`hy-X im-kv{- Xo-ba
- m-bn hn-iI
- e-\w sN-pXv "im-kv{Xw
Cm'-ba
v- b
- mbpw Im-Wp- ]-cn-Wm-ah
- m-Zn-I im-kv{Xw F-msW-v C-\nbpw ]Tn-t-n-bn-cn-pp. kz-w Nn-m-ti-jn
Um-hn\pw ]-cn-Wm-ah
- m-Zn-Ipw ]-Wb
- s
- -Sp-n ]-cn-Wm-ahm-Zn-I-fp-sS A-q---Y-I hn-a-i-\-_p-n A-ti-jw D-]tbm-Kn-m-sX hm-cn-hn-gp-p- ]-cn-Wm-a-hm-Zn-I B-[p\n-I
A-h
- n-izm-kn-If
- m-Wv F-X
- m-Wv bm-YmYyw.
Um-hn-s Ir-Xn-I am-{X-a ti-ja
- pm-b {][m-\ ]-cnWm-a-]T-\-fpw G-hpw H-Sp-hn-em-bn C-dn-b Ku-Uns
The structure of evolution theory F- _rl-Zv Ir-Xn ]cn-tim[n- t- i-ja
- m-Wv Rm te-J\
-
- X-m-dm-n-bn-p-Xv. {]apJ bq-Wn-th-gv-kn-n-I-fp-sS sh_v-ssk-p-I Iq-SmsX Nature,
Science, American, Scientist, Scientific American P-We
- p-Ifpw
PNAS, Biological Letters, Royal Society Proceedings XpS-n Ht-sd Po-hi
- m-k{v- X cwK-s kvs
- ]jy-sse-kU
v- v P-We
- p-I
h-sc ]-Xn-hm-bn t\m-n-Xs
- -bm-Wv C-h X-m-dm-n-bn-p-Xv.
A-Xn-\m ]mT-]p-kX
-v I
-
- n-se G-Xm\pw im-k{-v X-hn-hc
-
- fpw
sh-_n-\npw In-p s]mp-s]m-Sn-Ifpw am{Xw hm-bn-m
io-en- ]-cn-Wm-a-hm-Zn-Ifm-b I-ap-Im im-kv-{Xm--X-bn
A-l
- c
- n-v ctm aqtm te-J\
-
- f
- pw bq-Wn-th-gk
-v n-n sh_vssk-p-Ifpw hm-bn-m-\p-]t- Z-in-v kz-bw ]-cn-lm-ky-cm-hc
- p-Xv.
]-cnWm-akr-n hn-hm-Z-n \n-jv-]-am-b \n-e-]m-sSSp-m _p-n-]-c-am-bn k-Xy-k--X-bp--h sN-t-Xv
C-cp-`m-K-p-\npw D--bn--s- {]-[m-\-hm-Z- hn-i-Z-ambn ]cn-tim-[n-p-I-bmWv. kr-nhm-Z ho--W-mcm-b imkv-{X--cp-sS H-scm- ]T-\w t]mepw (H-t-sd ]T-\- Cd-n-b Imcyw t]mepw A-dn-bnm-bn-cn-mw. Np-cp-nb-Xv _tb-m-sI-an-kvmb ssa- s_-ln-bpsS Darwin's black box
A-s-n kv-o-^ sa-b-dp-sS Signature in the cell F-nepw
hm-bn-p-I) hm-bn-m-sX-bpw A-sX-n tI-p-tI-hn t]mepw
C-m-sXbpw ssl-kI
v- qtIm-fP
- v sS-Ik
v-
v- v _p-p-I Nq-n- m-n hn-ZymYnI-sf I-_-fn-n-m I-gn-t-pw. ]-t
kr-n ]-cn-Wm-a-hn-hm-Z- B-g-n ]Tn-h-tcmSv "Rm
_-tbmf-Pn So' B-sW-sm-s h-p ]-db
- p-Xv A-]w
I-S
- I-m-W.v
im-kv-{Xo-b k-ao]-\w kzo-I-cn-p--h F-s hm-Z
Hm-tcm-m-bn F-Sp-v A-Xn-se im-k{v- Xo-bm-_
-
- F-sms-bm-sW-v hy--am-p-I. Am-sX sNm-m {K-l-sn kw-km-cn-p- Hcm-tfm-Sv hym-g-s-n F-p ]-d-bpp,
s\-]v
- yq-Wn-s\-n F-p ]-db
- p-p F- a-n-ep tNm-Zy- D--bn-Xp-sIm-v hn-a-i-\-n-\p- a-dp-]-Sn-bm-Ip-n.
{]-Ir-Xn\n-[m-cW
- k-]n-se A-im-k{-v Xo-bX
- N- sNbp-tm A-sX-n kw-km-cn-m io-en-p-I. A-Xn-\n-sS
`q-an-bp-sS {]m-bw F-{X-bm-sWpw a-\p-jy-s {]m-bw F-{X-bm- sWpw tNm-Zn-p-Xv im-k{v- Xo-b k-ao]-\w io-en-m-XpsIm-mWv. ]-cnWm-ak-]-s ]-n C-hn-sS D-b
- n-s
- hn-a-i-\--v a-dp-]-Sn-bp-s-n F-gp-Xp-I. a-p hn-jb- k--`m-\p-km-cw ssI-Imcyw sN-m Cu te-JI-\v
bm-sXm-cp a-Sn-bp-an. I-ap-I-p- a-dp-]-Sn-bp-sS A-Sp-
`m-K--fn {]-k-am-b a-p Im-cy- hn-i-Zo-I-cn-mw.

kz-w Nn-m-ti-jn Um-hn\pw ]-cn-Wm-ah


- m-Zn-I
-
- p- w
]-W-b-s-Sp-n ]-cn-Wm-a-hm-Zn-I-fp-sS A-q---Y
-I hn-a-i-\-_p-n A-ti-jw D-]-tbm-Kn-m-sX hm
-cn-hn-gp-p- ]-cn-Wm-a-hm-Zn-I B-[p\n-I A--hn
-izm-kn-I-fm-Wv F--Xm-Wv bm-YmYyw.
]-cn-tim-[n-m C-m-cyw {- K-ln-m-\m-Ipw.-sN-m-b ]-e Po-hn-I-sf-bpw th--bm-Sm-dp-v. Nn-e-Xn-s\
Iu-i-ew sIm-pw -a-v Nn-e-h-sb i-n-sIm-pw A-Xv Io-gvs-Sp-p-p. th-K-X-bpw a-sm-cp L-S-I-am-Wv.-- th-K-X-tb-dn-bh-bm-W-tm am-\p-I. H-cp {]-tZ-i-v am-\p-I h-[n-p-Ibpw sN-m-b-bp-sS- a-v C-c-I Ip-d-bp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp F-v
I-cp-Xp-I. h-dp-XnIm-ea
- m-bt- m th-KX
- Iq-Sn-b- sN-m-bI
-
- v am-{X-sa am-\p-I-sf ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm-\m-hq F- n-Xn h-p.
kz-m-`m-hn-I-am-bpw- th-K-X Iq-Sn-b-h A-Xn-Po-hn-m km-[y-Xbp-v. am-\p-I-tf-m th-K-X Ip-d--h ]-n-Wn-aq-ew- \-inm-\pw km-[y-X-bp-v. F-{X \n-m-c-am-sW-n-epw C--cw
A-\p-Iq-e Kp-Wa
- p-s
- N-m-bI
- A-Xn-Po-hn-p-p. A-hb
- psS k--Xn-I-fn ]-e-Xn-\pw C-tX Kp-Ww ]m-c--cy-am-bn- Inp-p. A-Xm-b-Xv th-K-X-sb- Kp-Ww. C-Xv B-h-n-sSp-tm th-K-X-tb-dn-b -]p-Xn-sbm-cp X-cw sN-m-b-bp-m-Ipp. Cu km--]n-I D-Zm-l-c-Ww {]-Ir-Xn-bn- Fhn-sS-bpw
I-m-Wm-\m-hn-. F-hn-sS-sb-n-epw F-s-n-epw C--s\-sbmcp A-h- \n-e-\n--Xn-\v- Umhn-t\m ]n-me ]-cn-Wm-a
hn-Z-Kv-[-tcm bm-sXm-cp sX-fn-hpw lm-P-cm-n-bn-p-an-.-- {]-Ir-Xn\n-[mc-W-n-\v Umhn Nq-n-m-n-b sN-m-b-am D-Zml-c-Ww -km--]nIw am-{X-am-sW--Xv Umhn X-s-bpw
k--Xn- h-kv-Xp-X-bm-Wv. {-- ]-Ir-Xn-\n-[m-c-W-n-\v D-Zm-l-cW- \n-c-p--Xn-\v ap-tm-Sn-bm-bn Umhn F--g p- Xn-b
H-m-as
- hm-NI
- w X-s C-Xm-Wv: In order to make it clear,
how as I believe, natural selection acts, I must beg permission to
give one or two imaginary illustrations. (The origin of species, P.70)
sh-dpw hn-izm-k-n-s (im-kv-{Xo-b-am-bn- sX-fn-bn--s-Xn-s-b-) A-Sn-m-\-n-ep- H-cp ho--W-n-\v sh-dpw km--]nI-am-b H-p-c
- v D-Zm-lc
- W
-
- \-IpI-bm-Wv Umhn sN-p--Xv!
a-es
- -cp-hn I-gn-bp- sN-m-bI
- s
- fbpw am-\p-Is
- fbpw
D-Zm-l-cn-p- Um-hn-s km-]n-I I-Y ]-cn-Wm-a-hm-Zn-I-v im-k{v- X-amWv! F-m Um-hn-s D-Zm-lc-Ww km-]n-Iw am-{X-am-sWpw {]-Ir-Xn-bn-se-hn-sSbpw C-s\-sbmcp km-l-Ncyw \n-e-\n-Xnt\m \n-e-\n-p-Xnt\m bmsX-m-cp sX-fnhpw C-tm-fw ]-cn-Wm-a-hn-Z-Kv-[ lm-P-cm-n-bn2013 P\phcn

74

hnai\w

thZi ZphymJym\nsSpp!

]n.hn ic\mcmbW
kvt\lkwhmZw amknIbn {]knoIcn "am\-hs
- F-Iy-hpw GI-ssZhhnizmkhpw' F teJ-\
- n Bcyam AXn-{I-an-p- h-h
- c
- m-sWpw `mc-X
- ns
]qh-N-cn{Xw em-h-l-am-sWpw apw Fw.Fw. AIv_ ]cm-ain-n-cp-p. BbXns\sbmw DZm-l-c-W-k-lnXw Rm Jn-n-cp-p. {]kvXpX teJ\n
ItTm-]-\n-j-nse Hcp a{w hymJym-\n--Xnse sXns\ Rm Nqn-m-n-bn-cpp. Xs Bibw m]n-m, AIv_ \S-nb Cu sXns\ \ymbo-I-cn--m {]nwtdmkv hopw Zp_-e-{i-a- \S-p-I-bp-m-bn.
ItTm-]\
- n-j
- nse a{w AIv_ Fs\ sXmbn hymJym-\np Fpw BsXns\ \ymbo-I-cn-m {]nwtdmkv Fns\ {ianp Fpw hopw ]cn-ti-m-[nmw.
""A-i-co-cw- i-co-tc-jz-\- h-tjy- h-n-Xwa-lm-w- hn-`p-am-Xv-am-\w- a-Xzm- [o-tcm- \-tim-N-Xn-''
CXns bYmY kmcw: \mi-ap ico-c--fn
-nXn sNbvXp-sIm-n-cn-p-h\pw (qe kqva ImcW ico-c
- f
- m-Ip aqp-hn-[) ico-c
- f
- n-m-h\pw
al--a\pw, kh-hym]n (hn-`p-hp)-amb Bm-hn-s\, a\-\w-sImv kmm-XvIcn- [oc\v ]noSv ZpJw hnsm-gn-bpp'' CXv Jpdm-\nse Am-lp-hns An-Xzn-\v hncp--amWv AXn-\m Xs aXw m]n-m CXn AIv_ sNbvX
ssII-S- Hp ]cn-tim-[n-mw.
2013 P\phcn

75

AIv_ \Inb kmcw: "B ]c-am-mhv An-c\pw


ico-c-ap-s-nepw hntZ-l-\pw AN--e\pw, alm-\p-am-Ipp, B alm-m-hns\ Adn-bp m\n Hcn-epw timImXp-c-\m-Ip-n-'. ChnsS a{-nse Bi-b-n-se sshcp[y-a Rm Nqn-m-Wn-m Dt-in-p--Xv, {]kvXpX
a{-n\v Fw. Fw. AIv_ \Inb hy-mJ
- ym-\w B a{ns hymI-cW
-
- n\pw, ]Z-f
- psS kmc-
- p-amWv hncp-am-bn-p-X
- v. AXm-bXv AIv_ sNbvXXv B a{-ns
A\z-b-ns\ ae-bm-f-n-tev amn-b-tm B XP-a-bnemWv Ir{Xnaw \S-n-bX
- v. Cu Ir{Xn-as
- \ymbo-Ic
- n-m
{]nwtdmkv sNbvXXv kXy-n AXns\ IqSp-X shfns-Sp-m-\mWv DX-In-bX
- .v {]nwtdm-kns \ymbo-Ic
- Ww Hp
]cn-tim-[nmw. Fs ]c-ami-sf Jn-m-\pw Fw.Fw.
AIv_d
- ns\ \ymbo-Ic
- n-m\pw thn At--lw \S-nb
{]bXv\w C-s\-bmWv"B ]c-am-mhv A-n-c\pw ico-cap-s-nepw hntZ-l-\p-am-Wv.' Fs-gp-Xn-b-Xn-s\ IW-n\v
Ifn-bm-p-pv teJ-I. ico-c-ap--h tZl-an-m--h\m-sW tahmZw A_--P-Un-ehpw Zphym-Jym-\-hp-amW-s{X. apv kqNn-n-X
- p-t]mse AXv kvt\l-kw-hmZw teJI-cpsS {]tbm-K--f adnv tIc-f-nse Adn-b-s
kwkvIrX ]n-X-\mb `mkvI-c \mb-cpsS hym-Jym-\-amWv. AXv A\z-bmY-n\v hn]-co-X-amtWm?

Xy-f
- p-v. AsXmw AIv_d
- ns hnh-\
- n\v \ymboI-c-W-am-hp-tam.. t\mp-I. ""t{]-bnXzm `qthm-tKmfw ]-Xvss-\...''( `mK-hXw 3:23:43) Ia-{]-Pm-]Xn hnam-\-bm{Xm kabv ]Xv\nv `qtKm-fs ImWn-X
- mWv tmI-km-cw. hnam\-an-m Imev, Hcm BIm-i-bm{X \S-n-bm `qanbpsS tKmfm-IrXn a\-n-em-m-sav hymk`K-hm\v `mK-hX
cN-\m-k-a-bv F-s\-bmWv DmgvN Inn-b-Xv Fv
Nnn-q, `qan tKmf-am-sWv Cv a\p-jy\v a\-n-em-m
Ign-n-n-s-n hymk`K-hm Am-\n-bm-sWv Ch
]-d-bpw.

sslh {K-t- fbpw AXnse ssZh-hn-ti-jW


-
- t- fbpw A]-sa-nepw ]cn-tim-[\
- m-hn-t[-ba
- m-n-bh
- -dnbmw
ssZh--ns KpW-sf hni-Zo-Ic
- n-m-\p-]t- bm-Kn-p AXn-s `mjm-coXn. ItTm-]\
- n-j
- nse ZznXobhnbn Xs
]c-am-m-hns\ Ipdn-p-n-Sv "Bkot\m Zqcw {hPXn' (C-cnth Xs _lp-Zqcw t]mIp-p) "ibmt\m bmXn k-hX
- x'
(i-bn-p-tm Xs Fm `mKpw t]mIp-p) FmWv
Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-p--Xv...'

sslh {K--fnse Bibw A]-Iz-ambpw Ir{Xn-an-eqsS amw hcp-nbpw am{Xta X-fpsS aX-n\v {]NcWw km[y-amhq Fv tXmn-p coXn-bn-emWv skan-nIv aX-{]-t_m-[-I-cpsS {]t_m-[\ tImem-l-ew. AXn\v DZml-c-W-amWv sslh {K--fnse An-am-Nm-cy F
kv-t\l-P-ms ]pkvX-Iw. CXnse Hmw ]mT-nse io-j-Iw kma-th-Z-nse Al-an[n Fm-Wv. a{w CXmWv:
""A-la
- n[n ]nXp: ]cn-ta[m arX-ky-P{- Kl, Alw kqcy Chm
P\n (-A-l-an-[n-\v ]nXm-hn\nv thZ-m\w e`n-p)-''-(-EtKz-Zw 6:6:10). apl-Zv \_nsb Cu a{-n {]Xn-jvTnm a{-ns BZy ]Z-nXs Ch ssIsh-n-cnp-p. ""Al-ann'' F ]Zw Al-an-[n-bmn amn Cu {]t_m-[I
- .

ChnsS {]nwtdmkv D-cn D]-\n-jXv hymJym\w a{-nse Bi-b-n-sbpw A\z-b-n-sbpw bYmY-amb hn-h-\w Xs-bm-Wv, a{-ns Bi-b-n\p am{X-amWv
k-mam-\y-Zr-jSv n-bn sshcp[yw ImWp-Xv. a{-ns A\zb-n\pw kmc-n\pw bmsXmcp amhpw hcp-m-sX-bmWv
{]nwtdmkv AXns hnh\w \S-n-bn-cn-p--Xv. CsX-s\-bmWv AIv_ \Inb Bibn\v D-Zm-l-c-W-amhpI?
a{-ns Bi-b
- n\pw hymI-cW
-
- n\pw a{-nse
hmp-If
- psS kmc-n\pw sshcp-[y-am-bmWv hnh-\
- n
AIv_ Ir{Xnaw \S-n-bX
- v. AXns\ \ymbo-Ic
- n-m {]nwtd-mkv sNbvX-X, {_-ns hym]-IXzw {]I-Sn-n-m
B-ib
-
- n sshcp[yw ka-\z-bn-n Hcp a{-ns bY-mXY-ambn hnh\w \nh-ln-p-Ib
- m-Wv. AXn a{-ns- Bi-b-n\pw hymI-c-W-n\pw Hcp bmsXmcp amhpw
{]nw-tdmkv \S-n-bn-n-. AXn-\m Bhnv tNmZn-s, CsX-s
- \-bm-W,v hymI-cW
-
- nepw Xaqew a{-ns
Bi-b
- n\pw sshcp-[y-ambn hnh\w \S-nb AIv_dns {ia-n\v \ymbo-I-c-W-am-hp-I.

Alw+C BWv hymIcW \nb-a-{]-Imcw "Al-ann'bm-bXv. CXn Fhn-sSbpw "Al-an[n' hcp-n F-XmWv
k-Xyw. hymI-c-Whpw kXyhpw Dt]-n-mte thZ--fn
\_nv {]Xn-jvT-bp-m-hq.
C\n Cu ]pkvXI
-
- nse \mem-a[
- ym-b
- nse 6 apX 8hsc-bp tmIw BZyw ]cn-tim-[n-mw. CXn t`mP-cm-Pmhv apl-Zv \_nsb ip{iqj sNbvXv ic-Wa
- S-
p FmWv
{]t_m-[\ hymJym-\w. tmIw t\mmw.
""\r]mivtNh alm-tZh acp-e \nhm-kn\w
KwKm-P-sseivN kwkv\m]yw ] Khy ka-\znssXx

]pcm-W
- f
- nepw sshcp-[y-ambn tXmm-hp imkv{X-k2013 P\phcn

76

Hcp in Xs kw`-cn-n-pvtmIw 6 apX 8 hsc ]nim-Nv F hmp-Xsbn.


4. a\p-jy-cm-in-bpsS A`n-am-\taCXv tmI-n-en Iqnt-Xm-W.v
5. Atd-_ym-\n-hmknCXv tmI-n-en
C\n Cu tmI-n DXpw ad-p-h
- X
- p-amb hkvXpX
t\mmw.
1. "alm-tZh'"alm-tZ-h' FXv "]c-ai
- n-hs\' kwt_m[-\ sNp Znhy-\m-a-am-Wv.
2. Kncn-Pm-\mYmKn-cn-Pm-\m-Y, "inh-\mW-Wv. Kn-cn-P-=-Kncn-+P
- , Kncn-]hXw, P=]p{Xn. KncnP=]h-X]
- p{Xn=]mh-Xn.
Kncn-Pm-\m-Y--]mhXo]Xn. AXv alm-tZ-h-\m-sWv
kvt\l-Pm\pw Adn-bm-X
-
- t- m.
N-\m-Zn-`n-c-`y NyXpp ha-\-km-lcw
t`mP-cmP Dhm-N- k
- a
- kvsX Kncn-Pm-\mYm
acp-e \nhm-knt\
{Xn]pcmkpc-\m-im-b_
- l
- p-ambm {]hn\w
tssO Kp]vXmb ipmb kn-Zm-\-- cpNnssW
Xzw amwln Incw hnn ic-WmYw ap]m-KXw''

3. acp-e \nhmkna-cp-ew=]h-X{- ]-tZiw (a-cp-`qan


Fpw hnP-\-`qan Fpw AY-apv Fnepw alm-tZ-h
ssIemk]hX \nhm-kn-bm-b-Xn-\m `mc-X-n acp-`q-anbp-s-n Xtbpw ]h-X-sa AY-amWv Dt-in-n-cnp--Xv. acp-ew F-Xn\v ivaim\w Fpw AY-ap-v.
inh NpS-e `kva[mcn-bm-bX
- n-\m AXpw tbmPy-am-Wv. Fn-epw ]mh-Xo-]X
- \
v n-bmbn kwt_m-[\ sNbvXX
- n-\m ]hX-hm-kn-Xs
- .

t`mP-cm-Pmhv KwKm-Pew sImpw ]-Kh


- yw-sImpw At-ls kv\m\w sNnv acp-`q-\n-hm-kn-bmb B alm
ssZh-Zq-X\v \njvIf
- `n-bm-Ip ]mcn-tXm-jn-I
- ASnbd shbvp-Ibpw Ghpw henb BZ-chv {]I-Sn-n-p-Ibpw
sN-bvXv ]d-bpw, ""Atbm a\p-jy-cm-in-bpsS A`n-am-\t- a, Atd_y \nhmkn! Asb Rm hn-p-p. ]nim-Nns\ \n{K-ln-p-hm-\mbn Av al-mb Hcp in Xs kw`-cnn-p-v. tam-cmb i{Xp-f
- n\n-smw Av kpc-nX-\m-bn-cn-p--tm. Atbm kn-Zm-\ kzcq-]ta Rm
A-b
- psS Xrm-Z
- f
- n InS-p Hcp-h\
- mbn Cubp-h
- s\ kzoI-cn-mepw''

4.- {Xn-]p-cm-kp-c-\m-imb={Xn]p-cm-kp-cam-cpsS \mi I-m-hn-\m-bn-sm-v. alm-tZ-h\


- mWv {Xn]p-cm-kp-camsc l\n-X
- v. AXn-\m alm-tZ-hs\ {Xn]p-cm-kp-c\m-i\
- Fpw
{Xn-]p-cm--I Fpw ]d-bpw.
5. tssKp]vX-mb ipmb=tamv, Am-\n-I-v A{]m-]y-\mb ip kzcq-] (t-m-Nm-cy-\m-bmWv XpS-n (tmIw 5) \_nsb Ah-Xc
- n-n-p-XvhnhI-)(-At- m Cu tmIw "apl-Z- o-bv' {]m]n-m-\m-hm- tZh-\m-bmWv inhs\ ]d-bp--Xv.)

inh `K-hms\ apl-Zv \_n-bm-m CXns hymJym\-n \S-nb Ir{Xnaw F-s\-sbv ]cn-tim-[n-m
Xs Cu {]t_m-[-I-cpsS ssien hy-am-hpw. AsXmw
]-cn-tim-[n-mw.

sslh ]pcm-W-sf kvt\l-kw-hm-Z-n apv ]etm-gmbn kvt\l-Pm, Xa-kI


v c
- n-m-\m-bn-m-sW-n t]mepw,
hni-I-e\w sNbvXn-p-v. AXm-bXv Xs ]pkvX-I-n
]-d
n-p `hn-jy-]p-cm-W
- nse {]Xn-kK-]hw aqmw
J-nse A[ymbw aqnse 5 apX 8 hsc-bp tmIw
]c-ai
- n-hs
- \-bm-sWv hy-ambn a\-n-em-n-bn-p-Xs
- -bmW-v bYmY hkvXp-X-I ad-p-hv GtXm Kth-j-I-cpsS
t]-cn apl-Zv \_nsb ]pcm-W
- nepw thZ-n-ep-sams
{]X-n-jvTn-m thn C-s\-sbmcp {K-{]km[-\-n\v
Hcp-n-bX
- v. AIv_d
- n-sbpw {]nwtdm-kn-sbpw teJ-\
- sf
]cm-ain-p--Xn-\n-Sbvv kvt\l-Pms {Kw IqSn hniI-e\w sNbvXXv sslh {K-sf ]cm-ain-p-Ibpw
D--cn-p-Ibpw sNp-n-S-sms Ch bmsXmcp aSn-bpan-msX Ir{Xnaw \S-pp Fv hy-am-m-\m-Wv.

1. "B alm ssZh-Zq-X\v'alm ssZh-Zq-X F Hcp hmt- Cu tmI-n-en-.


2. "henb BZ-chv {]I-Sn-n-p-Ibpw sNbvXv ]dbpw' t\m-tW Xn-ns hnemkw. "t`mP-cmP DhmN' FmWv. tmI-n DhmN F-m ]dp Fm-W.v tmIw \_npw
kl-{km-_Zv
- v apv Fgp-Xs
- -X
- m-W.v AXn "]dp'
F- `qX-Ime {Inb {]tbm-Kn-m tijw P\n \_nsb
sIm-n-m-\m-hn-. AXn-\m "DhmN' (]-d
p) F `qX-Ime-{Inb hnh-\-n "]dbpw' F `mhn-Ime {Inbm-]-Zam-n. {]t_m-[I Iui-e
- n\v thsd DZm-lc
- Ww thtWm.
]dbpw Fm-n-bm AXn \_n-sbbpw Ds-Sp-mw.
"\-_n-tbmSv ]dbpw' Fm-n-bm sshcp-[y-an-.

`hn-jy-]p-cm-Wn tbip-hn-s\bpw hnIvtSm-dnb cmntb-bp-sams ]cm-ain-p-p-v. Ah-cpsS alXzw t\mn-

3. ]nim-Nns\ \n{K-ln-p-hm-\mbn Av Hcp al-mb


2013 P\phcn

77

X-Snv CsXmpw Gim-Xn-cn-m nc-amb Hcp AS-hp-v,


CsXmpw X-fpsS A`n-{]m-ba
-
- . ap-h
- Fgp-Xn-bX
- ns\
D-cn-pI am{X-amWv X sNp--sX-v. AXm-bXv X- D-cn-p {K-f
- nse hkvXp-XI
- f
- psS \nP-nXn
Adn-bm-am-bn-cn-s- Xs AXv Xp-XI
- p-X
- m-sW-n,
F-{X hmkvXh hncp--am-bmepw Ah X-fpsS Bib{]Nc-W
- n\pw lnp-aX Xa-kvIc
- W
-
- n\pw D]-tbm-Ks
- -Sp-m km[n-p-sa-n bmsXmcp [man-IN
- n-bpw IqSmsX Ahs
- b
- mw D]-tbm-Ks
- -Sp-p-sav Xs-bmWv Cu sXp-Is
- fmw
Kth-j-I-cp-sSbpw apw sNe-hn \ymbo-I-cn-m hopw
ho-pw {ian-p--Xn\npw a\-n-em-hp--Xv.
EtKz-Z
- n "\cm-iw-k'-s\v Ansb ]e-]mSv kwt_m[-\ sNp-p. 5:5:2, 7:2:2, 1:19:9 apX-emb Ep-I-fn-semw
A-n-bpsS \maw \cm-iw-ks
- \-msWv ]d-bp-p. Cu "\cmiw-k' \_n-bm-sWv kvt\l-Pms {K-nse hmZw.
b- hcm-\p--Xns kqN\ am{X-am-Wv.

C\n ASp hnj-b


- n-tev sNmw. Jpdm-\nse ASna
k{-Zm-bs ]cm-ainv ASn-ak
- {v Xov Xm]-cy-an-m-n-pw AXn\v \n_-n--stm tijw Xm s]mdp-psIm-Sp-tm-fm-sav Amlp ]d--Xns \ymbs hn-a-in-n-cpp Rm.

]n-amwkaSw `n-p--hcpw (kh-`-n) kp-sf Zpjn-p-h


- cpw (k-Zp-jI
- ) [as Zpjn-p-h
- cpw
([a-Zp-jI
- ) kuay-a
- msX kwkm-cn-p-h
- cpw (D-m-em-]n)
B-b Hcp P\X hcm t]mIp-X
- ns\ `hn-jy-]p-cm-W
- n
]-d-bp-p-v. (`-hnjyw: {]Xn-kK-]hw 3:3:25) kvt\l-Pms ]pkvXI
-
- n CXv apkvenw-Ifm-sWv ]d-bp-p.(t]Pv
23-,2- 4) AXv Ckvemw kap-Zm-ba
- m-tWm-sbv kp-fpw [an--cp-amb Ckvemw ]n-X Xocp-am-\n--s.

"DS-abvv s]mdp-p-sIm-Sp-tm-fm- s
- a-mWv Rm ]d-sXpw A_w a\-n-em-bnpw ]nSn-p-\nmthn ASn-ak
- {v Xov s]mdp-p-sIm-Sp-tm-fm-sav hmZn-X
- m-sWpw
AXn-\m Rm Jpdm-\nse {]kvXpX Bb-n 24:33 Zp-hym-Jym\w \S-n-sb-m'Wv {]nwtdm-kns Bt-]w. Fm- ]noSv "ASn-a-kv{Xosb hy`n-N-cn-n DS-abvv bmsXm-cp inbpw \ntZ-in-p-n' Fv Rm hy-am-n-bn-p-v. ASna-kv{Xov s]mdp-p-sIm-Sp-m-sav ]d-bp-Xnse [a-t_m-[s shfn-s-Sp-m-\mWv AXneqsS Dtin-X
- v. Fmepw Jpdm-\nse Bb-ns\ Rm Zphym-Jym\w sNbvXp Fn a\-m, hmNm amp tNmZn-p-p. Fm
hmb-\
- m-tcmSpw Jpdm-t\mSpw apkvenw-It- fm-Spw.

Cu ]pkvXI
-
- n 27-m- a
- s t]Pn ]d-bpp In
Ah-km-\s Ah-Xm-cW
- a
- m-sWpw Ien-bp-K
- ns ]mcay-n-emWv P\n-pI Fpw AXn-\m \_n Ah-km-\s
{]hm-N-I-\m-sWpw Ien-bpKw Bcw-`n-p-Xv _n.kn 3102em-b-Xn-\m \_n P\n-Xv Ien-bpK ]mc-ay-n-em-sWpw
A-XpsImv Xs Inbpw \_nbpw Hm-sW-pamWv
hm-Zw. CXnse{Xtmfw bmYmYyapv.
Ien-bpKw 432000 hj-am-Wv. Ien-bpKw Bcw-`nv Cv
htcpw 5000 hjta Bbn-p-p. AXm-bXv Ien-bp-K
- ns
\m-en Hcp `mKw t]mepw Bbn-n-. Atm F-s\-bmW-v hcm t]mIp Inbpw 1400 hjw apv Znhw-K-X\m-b \_nbpw Hm-Ip--Xv.

Fmepw Rm Fs kwibw Bhn-p-I-bm-Wv.


F-s-m a\-p-sImv hy`n-Nmcw B{K-ln-m ASna--kv{Xosb sXn\v \n_-n-p \njvTq-c-\mb DS-a-bv-v-k-h-Im-cp-Wn-I\pw kh-i
- \pw \ymbw hn[n-p-h
- \pw,
sX-p sNbvXX
- mbn ]d-bp eqn-sbpw \qln-sbpw P\X-I-sfbpw, ap ]e kaq-l--sfbpw B_m-e-hrw Hcp cm{Xn-sImtm ]I-ep-sIm-tm An-bmepw {]f-b-mepw
sImSp-m-mepw `qI--mepw \njvI-cpWw sImsm-Sp-nb-h\pw Bb Amlp GsX-nepw Xc-n-ep Hcp im-k\ t]mepw \Im \_n-tbmSv ]d-bp-n-. am{X-a \njvTqc-\mb DS-a-bpsS A[o-i-n-\m hy`n-N-cn-n--s Ah-ihn-`m-K-amb Nmcn{Xyw B{K-ln-p ASn-a-kv{Xov Xm
s]mdp-p-sIm-Sp-tm-fm-sav kh-i
- hmKvZm\w sNp-Xnse kmwKXyw {Iqc-amb Xami am{X-am-W.v sXn\v hnt[b-am-s
- ]cn-ipn B{K-ln-p Ccbvv s]mdp-p-sI-mSp-m-sav ]d-bp--Xnse [a-t_m[w, \ymb-t_m[w hm-Xm-W.v

]noSv, \_n-bpsS amXm-hns \ma-amb "Ban-\-'bpsS


"hn-izkvX' F AYhpw In-bpsS amXm-hns \ma-amb "kpaXn'bpsS \ma-ns AYhpw Hm-bX
- n-\m Ban\bpw kpa-Xnbpw Hm-sW-m-W.v "kpaXn' FXns AYw
"k-_pn' Fm-Wv. "imn' F [mXp-hn\n- A-Xns D-hw. "imn' F [mXp-hn-\p-Xs "hnizkvX' F
"B-an-\-'bpsS AY-a-. C\n In-bpsS ]nXm-hns "A_v-Zp' AYhm ssZh-Zm-k F AYw Xs-bmWv I-n-bpsS ]nXm-hns "hnjvWp-`K
- Xv' F t]cn-sbpw AYsa-mWv "Kth-jI' hmZw. `KXv Fm Zmk-\m-Ws
- {X. kwkvIr-X-nepw ae-bm-f-nepw Cy `mj-I-fn-sem-nepw
C-cs
- am-cYw "`K-Xn-'\n. `KXv Fm sFizcyw FmW-Yw. C\n Cu Im]-Sy-samw Xpd-p-Im-n-bmepw Ch-cpsS
2013 P\phcn

ASp hnjbw Bcy-\m-{I-aW hmZ-am-Wv. thZ-fnse


78

kqcy Nen-msX \np-Xv 10:8:4. A-co Pe-n


i-bn-p-h
- \
- mb hr{X sImp (5:32:2). An-bm-emWv tZymhp-w `qhpw Nen-p-Xv (3:7:1). kqcys Ggp IpXn-cI
- c-ivan-If
- m-Wv t\mpIc-ia
v n-If
- m-emWv kqcys tXcns\ tbmPnn-p-Xv (6:44:24). Ggv \ma--fp Hcp Aiz-amWv kqcyc-Yw hln-p--Xv. Cu kqcy-c-Y-n\v Hcp N{I-ta-bpp
(C-Xp Ime-N-{I-am-Wv), imkv{Xw hW-\-I-fm-emWv \nKq-Vam-bn a{--fn Ejn-I ka-\z-bn-n-pXv. AXmbXv
th-Za
- {- - \nKq-Va
- m-n-sh imkv{X-kX
- y-f
- m-Wv. t\m-p-I-: B-ZnXyc-ivan-I Pe-cq-]-amb K`-[m-c-W-m kv{XoI-fmbpw civan-If
- m Xs tkN\w sN-s-Sp-X
- n-\m
]pcp-jam-cmbpw ]d-bpp(1:164:16) Pes kqcy-civan hlnp-X
- mbn 10:136:1 ]d-bp-p. kqcym-m-hmb C{, kztXP-p N{Is Ccp--I-m\pw Akpc Pb-n-\p-ambn Bs-dnp. kqcys bmYmYyw Ejn-I Adn-n-cp-p.
C{s hym]-I-Xz-amWv {]]-w. "Imepw Ip-a' hr{Xs
Np-a-en C{ h{Pm-bp[w t]np(1:32:8), ]p{X-am-Xm-hns\-bpw (1:32:9) ]p{Xs A\p-N-cam-scbpw (1:33:6) C{
h-[n--Xn-\mepw, Ch-scmw C{s kmIm-c-i-{Xp--fm-sW-mWv {]nwtdmkns hmZw. thZ-n Hcp `mKv Hcp kw`-hw ]d-bp-p. AXm-bXv hkn-jvTs \qdv ]p{X-msc Hcp
cm--k h[n-p-Ibpw Ah hkn-jvTs cq]w [cnv
Xm-\mWv hkn-jT
v s
- \v {]Jym-]n-p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Atm
bYmY hkn-jvT ]d-bpp kXyw Cuiz-c-\m cn-s-Sp-sa-v. ChnsS EtKzZ a{--fpsS hmkvXhw Ipgn-paqSn X Xn-q-nb Iuiew thZ-a{- -f
- psS ]pd-smn-p-Ib
- mWv Ch. kXy-{]-Im-i
- f
- mb thZ-a{- - ]s
D-cp-n-f
- b
- pp Fp-am-{Xw. {Xnin-cv Xs Xe-bd
- p C{s\ ]noSv kvXpXn-p Ev Rm apIfn D-cn-n-pv. inc-,v Imev, aqv Ch-sbms D]-aI
- fpw Ae-m-ch
-
- W
- \-I-fp-amWv AXn-\m-emWv taL-ns inc--dpp (10:-67-:1- 2)

bp hW-\-Isf h{Io-I-cnv Bcyam Zkypsf B{I-an-X


- ns Ncn{XhW-\I
- f
- m-bmWv AIv_dpw {]nwtdmkpw
iTnv hmZn-p--Xv. lnp-hns ]qhn-I Chn-Sps BZna-\n-hm-kn-Isf B{I-anv IpSntbdn-bh
- c
- m-bX
- n-\m, ska-nIv
aX-pw sslhkaq-l
- n-t-Xp-t]mse Chn-Sps an- A[n-\n-th-i
- ns Pmfy-Xb
- n-msX \nhp-\n-
- W-w F tXm-ens AWn-b-d-bnse Iui-e-am-Wv, apv
G-sdmew {_no-jp-Im {]N-cn-nv HSp-hn \njv{]-`a
- mbn
t]-mb Bcy-\m-{I-aW knm-w.
ap cmjv{S-sf B{I-anv Iog-S-p kz`mhw `mc-Xob-n-m-bn-cp-p. ]pcm-X-\-Im-epw B[p-\nI-Im-epw.
Fm Ncn-{X-kX
- y-s
- fbpw thZ-hW-\I
- f
- nse bmYmYyt-bpw ad-p-hv X-fp-tS-Xmb hymJym\w \Sn CXmWv
thZ-f
- nse bmYmYyw Fv Cu {]t_m-[I
- Dss-cw
tLmjn-p-tm thZ- kzbw {]Im-inv Cu Im]-Sy-s- Cmbva sNpw. EtKzZ a{- C{s\ BZn-Xy-cq]-\mbn 1:6:3 ]d-b-p-p. BZn-Xy-cq-]-n Ah-n-X\pw
A-n-cq-]-n hn-p--h\pw hmbp-cq-]-n {]k-cnp-h
- \
- p-amb C{s\ temI-{X-b
- f
- n-se-m-Sp-ap {]mWnI kz-Ia-f
- n tZh-Xzm-I
- a
- mbn _n-n-pp (1:6:1)
1:10:8 C{m,- P-es Ab-mepw Fp ]dbpp. C-{ ]{v BZn-Xyam-cn Hcm-fm-Wv. BZn-Xy An-bm-sW-v 10:8:4 ]d-bp-p. Xs tXP-m An BZn-Xys\
kvXw`n-nv \mbn {]Im-in-n-p--Xn-\mbn 10:3:2 ]dbp-p. Xs aqp incpw C{ shn-bn--Xmbn ]d-bp
{Xn-in-cv C{s\ kXvc-I-\mbn kvXpXn-p-p. 10:9:9
{Xn-in-cpw C{\pw AXn-\m a\p-jyc--tm. CXp-t]mse
X-s-bmWv a-kp-cam-cpsS Npaep shn-bX
- mbpw ssII
shn-b-Xmbpw ]d-bp-Xpw Atm-sgmw tNmc-b Pe-fmWv hjn-s
- -Sp-X
- v. AXn-\m taL- Xs-bmWv
B Akp-cm-ZnIfpw Zkyp--fp-sa-mw ]e ]e cq]- [cnm-Wv C{ {]mWn-Iv D]-Imc {][m-\-\mbn EtKzZ hW-\-I-fn {]I-S-am-hp--Xv. (6:47:18) temIs ad-bvp
hr{Xs\ (ta-L-s) _e-m C{ sIm-tm a\pjy-h-[-n-se t]mse c-a Pe--fmWv hjn--s-Xv (4:17:1), C{s IpXn-cI
- a{-m-emWv ]q-s-Sp-X
- v
(3:35:5). Anbpw hr{X-l-m-hmWv (3:16:1).
C\n {Kl-W-k-a-bv cmlp kqcys\ hngp-pp FmWv `mc-Xo-b [cn-n-cn-p-Xv Fv AIv_ Xs teJ\-n ]d-bp-p. hmkvXhw Fm-sWv t\mmw. "PKs-mw Ccp-fn-emgvn BZn-Xy-\p- Xmsg (hn-gpn F-)
h-n Akp-c-\mb kz`m-\p-hns amb-Isf C{ X-I-p. ad kqcys\ \mem-as a{-m A{Xn t\Sn
(\m-ep a{w D-cn-p Xp-amb ka-bw-sIm-p-Xs {Kl-Ww Cm-Xmbn FYw). Fv 5:40:8 ]d-bp-p. kqcy\pw `qanpw CS-bn kz`m\p hcp--Xn-\m-emWv {KlWw
F-v At Ejn-I-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-p.
{]]--bm-YmYyw Adn-bm-hp--Xn-\m-em-Wtm kqcy
A-n-bm-sWv ]d-bp-Xv 10:8:4. An-bpsS {]`m-h
- m-emWv
2013 P\phcn

79

Fsm-s-bp I]-\-I. Pew hln-p--Xn-\m civan-Isf K`-h-Xn-I-fmbn hWn-p--Xns\, As Ime-v K`n-Wn-I-fmb kv{XoIsf "civan'I Fm-bn-cnpw
hn-fn-n-cp-Xv Fpw ap-sams Cu {]t_m-[-I ]d-pI-fb
- ptam Bthm?
Jpdm-\n `qan sXmn-sep ]d-bp-X
- ns\ `qan-bpsS {`aW-amWv Dt-in--sXv Ch ]d-bp-p. AX-s\ A
Fp Rm ]d- b p- n- . ]t sXmn Atmpw
Ctmpw BSpI am{Xta sNp-p-p. Fm `qansb
Hcp N{I-tm-SmWv Jpdm ]d--sX-n IqSp-X DNn-Xam-tb-s\.
Bcy-\m-{I-a-W-sa sIp-IY ]d-p-\-S-p Ch
Hcp Imcyw ad-p-h
- p-p. A^vKm-\n-m-\n _p-aX
-
- m
am{X-am-bn-cp Hcp Imev Ah-sc-sbmw \njvIc
- pWw \mamh-ti-ja
- m-n-bmWv CXv Ckvem-anIcmjv{S-am-bX
- v. Ah-tijn-n-cp _p-{]-Xn-aI
- fpw Ah Acn-it- msS XIpI-f-p. Cuiz-cs\ {]oXn-s-Sp-m-\mWv Ch CsXms
sNp--Xv. Cu A[n-\n-thi kwkvIm-c-ns Cf-ap-d-mcmWv `mc-X
- n Bcy tjmh-\n-k
- ns Cc-If
- mWv Xsfv ]dv BntXme-Wnv apd-hnfn Iqp--Xv.

Cuiz-c sImSnb ZpjvSt\bpw ]c-a-]-hn-{X-t\bpw H-c-pt]m-se ]c-a-c \Ip-p. hniz-kn-p-I. Cuiz-c sXpsN-bX
v h
- s\ Imcp-Wy-]qhw in-W
- n-eqsS ipo-Ic
- npw,
Pm--c--fn-eqsS. Hmtcm-cp--tcbpw F{]-Im-chpw ipoI-cn-m Adn-bm-hp-Xv Cuiz-c-\mWv, ImcWw Cuiz-c
k-h-\pw kh-i
- \pw Imcp-Wy-hm-\p-am-Wv. Hcp Pw
]m-]w sNbvXh
- s\ \nXy-\c
- I
-
- n-ep-t]-n-m X-h
- w
A-m-\n-b B kh-. CX-dn-bp-Xv- h-sc Cu ip-am-cmb {]t_m-[I
- ssl-h{- K-
- f
- n Ccp-p-aq-Sm
{ian-p-sIm-t-bn-cn-pw; \njv^e
- a
- m-sWv Adn-n-p-Xs
- bpw. Fm Ch kzmY-X-mbn thZ-{K--sf D]-I-cW-am-p ]ptcm-ln-X-tc-m tImSn-a-Sv Db-h-cmWv.
ImcWw Ch \nkzmY-cm-Wv.

Cuiz-c kh-Nc
- m-Nc
-
- f
- nepw \nd-p-\np-p. k-h-N-cm-N-c-fpw Cuiz-c-\n-emWv hkn-p--Xv (Cu-im-hmk-yw). a\p-jy\v `b-t-X
- n-m Htc Hcp B{ibw Cuizc-\m-Wv. \n Cuiz-cs\ \nn-m-epw, Xn--d-mepw,
\ntj-[n-mepw Cuiz-c \nsf ssIhn-Sn-. Hcp \c-In-\pw Cuiz-c \nsf hnp-sIm-Sp-n-. ImcWw Cuizc- c-I-\m-Wv, Cuiz-c kh--\m-Wv. Aev]-m\n-I-fmWv \nsf Ft-p-ambn shdp-p-I. Cu Xz-adn-bm--Xp-sIm-mWv {]hm-N-Is A\p-N-cam hnip-{K-w \nhn-shv ]c-kv]cw sImsm-Sp-p-Xpw ap
k-ap-Zm-b-sf Ahm-kvX-h-ambn \nn-p--Xpw.
Cu {]t_m-[-I F{X-Xs sslh {K--sfbpw
`mc-Xs
- bpw \nn-mepw ]t Ch-cpsS BmY-Xb
- n
i- tXmt Imcy-an-. ImcWw X ]c-a-e-y-ambn
ImWp kzK-n-tev lnp-f
- mb ktlm-Zc
-
- fpw {]thin--W-sapw Ah-cmcpw \c-I-n t]mhm ]mSn-s-pap- \nkzmY kvt\l-_p-n-bm-em-Wv, av Zi-\--fpsS
B-g-a-dn-bmsX Ah-bnse Bi-b-sf Xa-kvI-cnpw apw
X-v ]m-hp hn[-n Ahsc X-tfm-sSmw tN--m-\mbn thn-h-m kXyhpw \ymbhpw IqSn Dt]-nm- Ch Xm-dm-hp-X
- .v As\ X-tfm-sSmw tNpI-gn-m X sNp-t- ]mse tNcn-Xn-cnv ]c-kv]cw
\-c-Im-h-Im-in-I Fv kpn-bmbpw inbm--fmbpw apPml-n-Zo-\mbpw t]mc-Sn-p--Xpw X am{Xw kzKm-h-Im-inI- AXn\v ap-h
- cpw X-fpsS Bi-bt- m-sSmw tNv
A-ht- cbpw kzKm-hI
- m-in-If
- m-Ww Fv ta]-d
t- ]-ms-e BmY-ambn B{K-ln-p--Xn-\m-emWv. Bb-Xn-\m
C-u {]t_m-[I
- c
- n {]Xy-
- n ZpjvSX ImWm-sa-nepw
A-Xns ]nn-ep ip-Xt- bmv Ch-tcmSv kvt\lw am{Xam-Wp-X
- v.
2013 P\phcn

IpdnpI:
1. `mK-hXw 3:23:43
2. EtKzZw 6:6:10
3. kvt\l-P-m: sslh {K--fnse An-am-Nm-cy t]Pv 23
4. `-hnjyw: {]Xn-kK-]hw 3:3:25
5. kvt\l-P-m: sslh {K--fnse An-am-Nm-cy t]Pv
t]Pv 23,-24
6. EtKzZw 1:6:1
7. EtKzZw 6:47:18
8. EtKzZw 4:17:1
9. EtKzZw 3:35:5
10. EtKzZw 3:16:1
11. EtKzZw 5:32:2
12. EtKzZw 3:7:1
13. EtKzZw 6:44:24
14. EtKzZw 1:164:16
15. EtKzZw 1:32:8
16. EtKzZw 1:32:9
17. EtKzZw 1:33:6
18. EtKzZw 10:67:12
80

adp]Sn
adp]Sn

\nLp hymJym\
thZisf kXysSpptam?

]n.hn.F {]nwtdmkv
kwkvIr-X-n KufoemwKpe \ymbsasmcp {]tbmKap--v. Poh A]-I-S-n-emb ]n kzw hm apdn-nv
X-s F-Xn-cm-fn-bpsS {i sXnv c-s-Sm {ian-p-Xn-s\-bmWv {]-kvXpX \ymbw hy-am-p--Xv. i-c-\m-cmb-Ws Ah-km-\s adp-]-Sn-te-J\w I-tm Hma h-Xv B \ymb-s-bm-Wv. apv kqNn-n-Xv t]mse Ign
I-pdv e-f
- n-eq-sS thZ-D
- ]
- \
- n-jv ssZh-k
- ]w, Bcym[n-\n-th-iw, Nm-Xp-hWyw, ASn-a-w, iq{Z-tcm-Sp kao]-\w, EtKzZ-c-N-\-b-psS Imew, EtKz-Z-nse bp-hn-h-,
tkma-sa el-cn-tbm-Sp \ne-]m-S,v cmam-bW
-
- nse cmas
[m-an-I-X... Xp-S--n At\Iw hnj-b--fn N \S-p-Ibm-bn-cp-p. Fm Cu- hnj-b
- s
- f-sbmw Xa-kvIc
- npw
Nn-e-Xns\ D]-cn---h-ambn am{-Xw kao-]npw t\cntm ]tcm-ambn t]mep-tam ]cm-ain---m kvt\l-Pm F-bmfpsS ]pkvX-I-nse apl-Zv \-_nsb Ipdnv ssl-h{Kfn h {]h-N-\--sf--p-dn Nne ]n-X-m-cpsS D-c-Wn-I CXn-tev A\m-h-iy-a-mbn Xncp-In---b-n N- hgn-Xn-cn-p-hn-Sm-\p hne Ipd {i-a-amWv i-c-\mcm-bW
- sNbvXn-cn-p-X
- v.
bYmY-n Cu XqenImkwhm-Z-n\v \nan--amb
kvt\-l-kw-hmZw amkn-I-bn {]kn-o-I-cn "am\-hnI sFIy-hpw Ckvemapw' F te-J\w i-c\
- m-cm-bW
- Hcm-hn
IqSn a-\-n-cpn hmbn-p-Xv \m-bn-cn-pw. {]kvXpX
te-J-\--n- ]cm-ain hnj-b-sf apJ-hn-e-s-Sptm
A-Xns Np-hSv ]nSntm am{X-am-bn-cpp \psS N C-{Xb-pw ap-tm-p-t]mbncp-X
- v. Fm AXn-s\-Xnsc D-bn
Hcm-tcm-]Ww t]-mepw hkvXp-\n-jvT-am-sWv sXfn-bn-m
CXp-hsc i-c-\m-cm-b-W Fgp-Xnb J\teJ\
sIm-v km[n-n-n FmWv Cu N Ah-km-\n-p-tm
2013 P\phcn

81

t_m-[y-s-Sp-X
- v.

thZ-{K---sf-bm-bmepw {]am-W--sf-bm-bm-epw ap
thZ-i_
- vZ
- f- p-ambn Xmc-Xayw sN-bvX
- v hym-Jym-\n-t-Xv
B cwKs ]-n-X
- m-cm-Wv. A
- Xv ]-cn-KW
- n-msX thtZm-]\
- n-j
- p-I
- v tIhew \nLp hymJym\w \nhl-n
- m AXns DtZy-in-Xm- Yw shfn-s-Sn F-v am{Xa B {]am-Wt- m-Sv sNp {Iq-c-amb It-w IqSn
-bmbn amdp-w AXv.

thZ-a-{-sf apkvenw {]t_m-[-I ZphymJym\w sNbp-p F- i-c\


- m-cm-bW
- s Btcm-]Ww h BZy am{Xbn- X-s B cwK-p- \ne-]mSv Rm hy-am-n-bncp-p. thZ-{K-
- s
- f-bm-bmepw {]am-W
- s
- f-bm-bmepw ap
thZ-i-_vZ--fp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNbvXv hymJym-\n-t-Xv
B cwKs ]-n-X
- m-cm-Wv. A
- Xv ]cn-KW
- n-msX thtZm]-\n-j
- p-Iv tIhew \nLp hymJym\w \nh-ln- m
AXns DtZy-in-Xm- Yw shfn-s-Sn Fv am{X-a B {]amW-tm-Sv sNp {Iq-c-amb It-w IqSn-bmbn amdp-w AXv.
thZ--sf-bm-bmepw D]-\n-j-p--sf-bm-bmepw AYw
]d-n-Spw hymJym-\n-n-Spw apkvenw F \nev Cu
k-Xy-k-X ]pem Rm\pw BZy-te-J-I\pw ]qWam-bpw {ian-n-p-v. GsXmcp Bi-b-k-aY-\-n\p thnbmtWm Cu ]-n-Xh
- y-Jym-\
- FSp-p-c
- n-Xv AXns\
\qdv iX-am\w k-Xy-s-Sp-m-\mWv Acw D-c-Wn-I
klm-bI
- a
- m-bX
- v. C-Xv Xs-bmWv i-c\
- m-cm-bW
- s\ {]tIm]n-X\
- m-p-X
- pw. Xm- DtZ-in Bibw thZ-kq-
- f
- n
\nv e`n-p-n- -F- Xncn--dn-hn \nv kwkvIrX Unv-Wdn Xpdv AXn-se -Hmtcm ]Z-fpw apdn-s-Spv B
A-Y--sfmw t{ImUo-I-cnv Bi-b-ap-m-m-\mWv teJI-s ]mgv{iaw. As\ tN-s-gp-Xn-bp-m-nb ]Zm-ib--fpsS ]qh-`m-Khpw ]c-`m-K-h-pw am{Xw hmbnpt\mnbm AXn kw`-hn A_--- t_m[y-s-Spw.

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83

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{]-Im-iw- \Ip Hcp hnfpw Bbn-smv \-ntbm-Kn-ncn-p-p.'' (33:45,46)


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84

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- sc kw_-n-n-St- mfw
{]am-Ww. I
- m-cWw Hcp kwkvIrXn XpSmc am-{Xam-b i-c-\m-cm-b-Ws \nLp hymJym-\-t-m R- hne-a-Xn-p-Xv thZ- Kpcp-ap-Jv \nv {ihnv
]-Tnv a\\w sN-bv-X kwkvIr-X-thZ ]n-X-m-cpsS hniZo-Ic
- W
-
- Xs-bm-W.v
kvt\lPms ]pkvXI
-
- nse \mem-a[
- ym-b
- nse 6 apX- 8 hsc-bp tmI-n t`mP-cm-Pmhv apl-Zv \_nsb
ip{iqj sNbvXv ic-W-a-S-p Fv ]dnpspw(7) CX-n tmIw 6 apX 8 hsc ]nimNv F hmv X-s-bn-
F-pamWv ic\mcmbWs Ip]nSpw. CXn 7mas tmIw Ahkm\npXv Cs\bmWv ""{Xn]pcmkpc\m-im-b_
- l
- p-ambm {]hn\w.'' CXv {Xn]pcmkpc \mimb
F-v hnLSnv hmbnv hnISmYw \IpIbmWtlw sNbvX
- n-cnpXv. bYmYn {Xn]pc+Akp FXn \nm-Wv {Xn]pcmkp F hmv \njv]amhpXv. {Xn]pc
F-X
- n-\v "qekqvaImcWmIamb icoc{Xbw', "BIm-it- -m `qanbntem hmbphntem D' FsmamWv sshbm-I-c-Wm AYw \IpXv. AXpt]mse Akpc
F-Xn\v "kp-c\mh', "tZhmcpsS i{Xp', "\oN',
"]-nimNv' Fs-m-amWv ]ZmYw. Cu AYn XsbmWv kvt\lPm X-s teJ\n {Xn]pcmkpc-\mi-mb
- F ]Zs hymJym-\n-Xpw. C\n teJI \Inb
A-YsaSpmepw CsX-n-s\ Akpc, ]nimNv F-sm-ap AYn \nv ]pdv I-Spw. ImcWw {Xn-]pcm-kpc Fv teJI DtZyinXv {Xn-aqnIfn \nv
\Kc Zm\ambn Innbh\mb _m-Wm-kpcs\bmWv. Cbm-fpw ]nimNv F ]cymb]Zap Akp-ch
- Kn s]
Hc-p IYm]m{XamWv. AXpsImv Xs {Xn-]pcmkpc F
\-ma hN\nep]tbmKnmepw kmam-\y-]Zn-ep]-tbm-Knm-epw Zpin kw{Kln\mWv aplZv \_nbpsS
\n-tbmKsav hyamWv.
tssKp]vXm- b ipmb=tamv, Am-\n-Iv
A-{]m-]y-\mb ip kzcq-] FmWv teJI AYw \-In-bncnpXv. tO F hmn\v Am\n Fv Hcp
kw-kv-IrX\nLphnepw AYan. kwkvIrXw kwkm-cn-m--h-, hntZin FsmamWv CXn\v UnvWdnI
A-Yw sIm-SpncnpXv. ]m]n, Zp Fns\bpw
A-Y Im-Wmw. A-tm Fns\bmWv Cu tmIw
"ap-l
- Z- o-bv' {]m-]n-m-\m-hm tZh-\m-b inhs\bmWv
DtinpXv F-v ]dbpXv?
tO F ]Zn\v to speak indistinctly (like a foreigner or
barbarian who does not speak Sanskrit)' Fpw ...a foreign language, Fpw ...any person who does not speak Sanskrit and does
not conform to the usual Hindu institutions FpsamamWv Monier Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary AYw \-I-nb
- n- c
- n-p-X.v
""a-cp-ew=]h-X-{]-tZiw. a-cp-`qan Fpw hnP-\-`qan
2013 P\phcn

F-pw AY-apv Fnepw alm-tZ-h ssIemk]hX


\nhm-kn-bm-bX
- n-\m ]h-Xs
- a AY-amWv Dt-in-n-cn-p-Xv. acp--e-w F-Xn\v ivaim\w Fpw AY-ap-v. inh- NpS-e `-kva
- [
- mcn-bm-bX
- n-\m AXpw tbmPy-am-Wv. F-nep-w ]mh-Xo-]-Xv-\n-bmbn kwt_m-[\ sNbvX-Xn-\m ]hX-hm-kn-X-s.'' a-cp-e \nhmkn FXn\v teJI \Ip- hym-Jym-\
- k
-
- mWnXv. acpen\v ]hXw Fv AYapv F-Xn- \np Xs ]ngpp Cu hm-Z-. acp FXn\v iq-\y-ew, hnXm hnfbm `qan,
\nPe{]tZiw, acp`qan Fpw, acpew FXn\v acp`qan
FpamWv {io IWvtTizcw Pn. ]\m`]nbpsS iXmcmhen \Ip AYw. alm-tZ-h ssIemk]hX \nhmkn-bm-b-Xn-\m ]h-X-sa A--Y-amWv X\nv thXv
F-pw Csn ivaim\w F AYsanepw In-W-sapw B{KlnmsamsX kw-kv-Ir-Xaebmf \nL-p-fn \nsmpw Ans\sbmcYw In-n. Ccw Zp-_-ehmZfmWv {]hN\fpsS kXyX ]-cntim[nm\p
GIIampsXn AXn \npw \n--[-cnsSpp
Bibns sIpdv B-tem-Nn-m-hX
- m-Wt-m!
tmIn\p hniZoIcWw Xs ZphymJym\amWv
F-m-Wv hnaiIs hmZw. ic\mcmbW hna-in--kv-t\-lPm \InbAtX AY XsbmWv tUm:
thZ-{]-Im- iv D]m[ymb {]kvXpX tmIv \IpXv.
"Muhammad has been described as the last Messenger of
God in the Puranas. Muhammad appeared during thereign of
King Bhoja. Seeing a world-wide decline of religion, King Bhoja
went to Arabia.There he met a Mlechcha Master called
Muhammad, whom he found surrounded by his companions. The
King washed the great Sage of the desert with water from the
Ganges (perhaps meaning holy water); anointedhim with sandalwood paste mixed with the five productsof the cow (viz. milk,
coagulated milk, butter, liquid andsolid excreta); and thereby
pleased Lord Shiva. In paying his obeisance he said, "O' Master of
the desert, destroyer of the monsters, versed in the highest knowledge, protected by the Mlechchas, pure and true, embodimentof
conscious and joyful beneficence, my salutations to you! Accept
85

me, one whose place is under your feet, asyour slave!"-Verses 58.King Bhoja had an idol with him made of stone. When
Muhammad saw that, he said, "One whom you worship,eats my
left-overs." Saying this, he did indeed feed theidol with his leftovers. When he heard and saw this, King Bhoja was bewildered.
He then accepted the Mlechcha religion. - Verses 15-17.''(8)
lud kwkvIrX AmZanbnse FIvknIypohv U-bc
- - s{]m-^. BjnXv Ipam _tm]m[ymbbpw cho{ `m-cXn bq\n--thgvknn s{]m^. tUm. Kucn `mNmcybpaSw
F-tmfw kw-kI
v- rX ]nXm ]cntim[nv Ddv hcpnb-XmWv Cu {K-w. teJIs `mjbn ]dm C-hs
- cm-w "bYmY h-kvXp-X-I ad-p-hv apl-Zv \_nsb
]p-cm-W-nepw thZ--n-ep-sams {]Xn-jvTn-m thn
{K--{]km[-\-n\v Hcp-n-'sbv thWw a\nemm!
thZfnse aplZv \_nsb Ipdnp Cu {]h-N\- Iv Ckvemw Btjn \nch[nbmfpv. B Cym {_m-n- Atkmkntbjs ap A[y BNmcy
k-RvPbv Zzn-thZn Cs\ Ckvemw kzoIcnv AlZv ]nv F t]-cv kzoIcnbmfmWv. Ctlhpambp Hcp
A-`napJw Zn K--^v \yqkv Zn\]{X(9)n hncpp. CsX-mw hyam-p--Xv h{I_pntbmsSbmsX thZ-{]h-N\sf kao]n--h--smw CXn AnaZqXs\ Is-m Ignnpv F-v XsbmWv.
`mhn-Im-cy-sf Ipdnv {]h-Nn-p ]pcm-W-sa \nem-W-v `hn-jy ]pcmWw ssl-h-{K---fn {]k-am-hp--Xv. hcm t]mIp temI-\m-b-I-m-scbpw kw`-h-sfbpw Ip-dnv CXn {]h-Nn-p-p-shpw tbip-hn-s\bpw
hnIvtSm-dn-bm cmn-tb-bp-samw `hn-jy ]pcmWw `m-hn-Z-i\w sN-bv-XncnppshpamWv i-c-\m-cm-b-W kXn-p--Xv.- F--m apl-Zv \_nsb ]cmain-p-n-S-v am{Xw AXv `q-X-Im-e-n \S kw`-h-am-sW-mWv
A-t-l
- ns Ah-Im-ih
- m-Zw. tbip-hn-s\bpw hnIvtSm-dnbm
cm-n-tb-bp-samw `-hn-jy {]h-N-\-n-eps]-Sp-m
Xm-dmb Atlw, ]mc-c
- yhnizm-k
- n aqSp-dv \np
Hcp ssl-hh
- n-izm-kn-sb- \nev apl-Zv \_nsb AwKo-Ic
- n-m-Xn-cn-m hy-a
- mb Imc-Wa
- p-v. AtX ImcWw
sImp Xs-bmWv kv-t\-l-Pm FSp-p--cn `hn-jy
]pcm-W
- nse apgp-h t-mI-fpw Xs teJ-\
- n-eps]Sp-m Atlw Xm-dm-hm-X
- pw. aebmf hnh\
Ae`yamb ]pcmWamWv `hnjyw. sslh{]amWfpsS
imkv{XobXbvv Pmayw \n-
- pIbpw AtXkabw "A{]nb
{]hN\' sImv X- - - v A\`naXamIpIbpw
sNbvX ]pcmWamWnXv. sslh ]-nXm ]etmgpw
C-Xns\ apgph\mbn hnh\w sN-m-Xv CmcWw sI-mmWv.
enwK-tOZn inJm-ln\x iva{ip-[mcn kpjI
Dm-e]o kh `o `hn-jyXn P\amw
hn\ Iuiew N hi-hkvtXm jmw `bm aXmamw
apk-te-ss\h kwkvImcx Ipssicn `hn-jyXn
Xkvam apke htmln PmXtbm [a ZpjImx
CXn ss]imN ZaivN `hn-jyXn abm-IrXx (tmIw 25
ap-X- 28hsc)
2013 P\phcn

thZfnse aplZv \_nsb Ipdnp {]-h-N-\


-- Iv Ckvemw Btjn \nch[nbmfpv. B

- Cym {_m-n- Atkmkntbjs ap A[y


B-Nmcy kRvPbv Zzn-thZn Cs\ Ckvemw kzoIcnv
A-lZv ]nv F t]-cv kzoIcnbmfmWv. C-t-l
-hp-ambp Hcp A`napJw Zn K--^v \yqkv Zn\]{Xn
hncpp.
(At-l
- ns A\p-bm-bn-I tNem-Iaw sNpw. Ah
Ip-Sp-a -sh-pIbn. Ah XmSn hfpw. Ah hn-hIm-cn-If
- p- w P\-t- fmSv AXyp-
- n {]mYn-p-hm DZvtLmjn-p--h-cp-am-bn-cn-pw. Ah ]nsb Hgnv ap an-arK--sf-bp-w `n-pw. ipn-sN-p-hm "Z`' D]-tbm-Kn-p-Xnp ]-Icw kacw sNbvXv Ah ]cn-ip-c
- m-hpw. aXs
aen-\-s-Sp-p--h-cp-ambn bpw sNp--Xm-I-bm apkte-ss\-h F-t]cn Ah Adn-b-s-Spw. Cu amwk-`pp-I-fpsS B-hn--`m-hw Fn \nm-bn-cn-pw.) Cu ]mccyw AwKo-Ic
- n-m i-c
- \
- m-cm-bW
- \Sw apgp-h sslhcpw Ay-{]-hm-N-I ap-l-Zv \_n-bn hniz-kn-t-Xmbn hcpw. AXm-Is ip---amb GI-ssZ-h-hn-izm-k-nte-pC-kvem-an-te-p---I-S-p-h-c-hn\p Imc-W-am-hpIbpw sNpw. NmXphWy tI{o-Ir--Xa
- mb bkwkvImc-n \nv Nqj-W-ap--amb C-kv-em-an-tev Fn-t-cpI-sb-Xv ]ptcm-ln-X-msc kw_-n--S-tmfw ANn-yam-Wt- m.
AXv adn ISm\mWv "]n-amwkaSw `n-p-h
- cpw
k-p-sfbpw [asbpw Zpjn-p-h
- cpw kuay-a
- msX
kw-km-cn-p--hcpamb Hcp P\X hcm t]mIp--Xns\ ]n kv-t\lPm Xs ]pkvXIns 23,24 t]PpIfn ]d-bp-p--v' Fv ic\mcmbW FgpXnbncnpXv. \qdv
iXam\w I-fhmWnXv. kvt\lPm {]kvXpX tmIn\v
sImSp A--YamWv \mw apIfn hmbnXv. CXn\v kam\-amb AYw X-sbmWv B tmIn\v ]nXm \InbncnpXv.
""A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking
foreign language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad. Raja (Bhoj) after giving this
Mahadev Arab (of angelic disposition) a bath in the 'Panchgavya'
and the Ganges water, (i.e. purging him of all sins) oered him the
presents of his sincere devotion and showing him all reverence
said, 'I make obeisance to thee.''O Ye! the pride of mankind, the
dweller in Arabia, Ye have collected a great force to kill the
Devil and you yourself have been protected from the malechha
opponents (idol worshipers, pagans).' O Ye! the image of the Most
Pious God the biggest Lord, I am a slave to thee, take me as one
lying on thy feet.'
The Malechhas have spoiled the well-known land of the
Arabs. Arya Dharma is not to be found in that country. Before also
86

ap-lZv \-_n-bn ]qoIcnpp Fv tImgntmSv


\-S Hcp s]m-XptbmKn {]kwKnpXv http://www.youtube.com/wat-ch?v=Nv84y1cn0GE F bq Syq_v env kinm tI-m- km[npw.
Insb Ipdn-p {]h-N-\-ns Ah-bpw hn`n-a-. kvt\l-Pm Zim-h-Xmc Ncn-{X-nse [ym\-tm-In\v \-Inb hni-Zo-I-c-W-ns Nne `mK-(11) am{Xsa-Spv hnain--p-I-bmWv i-c-\m-cm-b-W sNbvXn-cn-p-Xv. Insb Ip-dnv 8 {]h-N-\--fmWv AXn ]T-\-hnt[-b-am-Ip-Xv A-Xn-s _mn `mK- IqSn hmbn-m
Cmcyw t_m[y-s-Spw.
\_nbpsS amXmhnsbpw ]nXmhnsbpw t]cv I-n-bp--s-S amXm]nXmfpsS t]cpambn tbmPnpp F-Xn-s\bpw hn-ainppv Atlw. tUm: thZ{]Imiv D]m[ymb Xs C-mcyw hn-i-Zo-I-cn-p-Xv t\mp-I.
"Kalki Avatar's mother and father: His mother's name will be
Sumati, (Kalki Purana 2:4 and 2:11), which means gentle and thoughtful. Muhammad's mother was Aamina, which in Arabic has
the same meaning. His father's name will be Vishnu-Yash
(Bhagabat Purana,12:2:18), which means worshipper of Vishnu,
i.e. Go-d.Muhammad's father was Abdullah, which means obedient of Allah, i.e. God.''(12)
Ccw hymJym-\
- s
- f-sbmw Ah-KW
- n-mWv kvt\-lPm- a{i_vZ-sf Zphym-Jym\w sNbvXsXpw CXv
kvt-\l
- k
- whmZw teJ-Ic
- psS ssI{In-bI
- v kam-\a
- m-sWpw te-JI
- Btcm]np-X
- v. Fm i-c\
- m-cm-bW
-
CXn Im-Wn {][m\ ssI{Inb kvt\l-Pm ssl-h{- K--fnse A-n-am-Nm-cy-\mbn ]cn-N-b-s-Sp-m- apJyambpw Ah-ew-_n A-Yh thZ-nse Ip]kqw ]msS Ah-K-Wnp F--Xm-Wv. b-th-Zn-I-fn ]ptcm-ln-Xm Be-]n-m-dp A-Y
- h-th-Z
- nse hnwi-Im- nse
127mw kq-nse tm-I
- n \nv ]{v {]h-N\
-
-
\_n-bn ]qo-Ic
- n-p-X
- mbn kvt\l-Pm Ah-Im-is-n-cp-p. AXpIqSn ]-T-\-hnt[bamnbncpsn Cu
hn-jbs Cs\ km-am-\y-hcnm ic\mcmbW\v
km[nnmbncpp.
EtKz-Z
- n "\cm-iw-k'-s\v Ansb ]e-]mSv kwt_m[-\ sNp-p Fpw 5:5:2, 7:2:2, 1:19:9 apX-emb Ep-I-fnsemw A-n-bpsS \maw \cm-iw-k-s\-msWv ]d-bp-p
Fpw Cu "\cm-iw-k' \_n-bm-sWv kvt\l-Pms {Knse hmZw F-pamWv ic\mcmbW ]dbpXv. b-Ym-Yn E-tKz-Z
- nse \cmiwks\dn {K-I
-
- mhv ]dbpXv. a-dn-v AYhthZnse Ip]kq--nse \cmiw-k-s\--dn-mWv. EtKzZn 1:13:3, 1:18:9, 1:105:4,
1:14-2:3, 2:3:2, 3:2:2, 8:91:11 E-p-I-fn-epw \cmiwks\ Ipdnv
]-dbppv. ]s, Chn-sS-sb-mw hcm t]mIp Hcmsf
Ipdnp {]hN\a AXv. H-tc t]cv ]e k`fn
B-hnpXv kzm`m-hn-Ia
- m-Wv. {]hN\cq]nep AY-hthZnse ]cmai-sf-m- w aplZv \_n-bn tbm-PnppsmWv kvt\-l-Pm-s- AhImihmZw.(14) AXv
icnbmWv Xm\pw.

there appeared a misguided fiend whom I had killed [note: e.g.,


Abraha Al-Ashram, the Abyssinian viceroy of Yemen, who attacked Mecca]; he has now again appeared being sent by a
powerful enemy. To show these enemies the right path and to
give them guidance the well-known Mahamad (Mohammad),
who has been given by me the epithet of Brahma is busy in
bringing the Pishachas to the right path. O Raja! You need not go
to the land of the foolish Pishachas, you will be purified through
my kindness even where you are. At night, he of the angelic
disposition, the shrewd man, in the guise of a Pishacha said to Raja
Bhoj, "O Raja! Your Arya Dharma has been made to prevail over
all religions, but according to the commandments of Ashwar
Parmatma (God, Supreme Spirit), I shall enforce the strong creed
of the meat-eaters. My follower will be a man circumcised, without a tail (on his head), keeping beard, creating a revolution,
announcing call for prayer and will be eating all lawful things. He
will eat all sorts of animals except swine. They will not seek
purification from the holy shrubs, but will be purified through
warfare. Because of their fighting the irreligious nations, they will
be known as Musalmans (Muslims). I shall be the originator of this
religion of the meat-eating nation."(10)
i-c\
- m-cm-bW
- s \nLp AY- FSp-p-tNv
{]-kvXpX a{s hymJym-\n-s-gpXn t\mn-bm B a{-ns Bibw ]qW-ambpw amdp-sav am{X-a AXn ]d- IYm-]m-{X--fpsS ]phNcn-{X-hp-ambn sshcp[yw ]pe-
- p- I
- bpw sNpw. {]kvXpX UnvWdn AY-n t]me
- pw I-fh
- p-If
- p-spw kwkvIr-X
- nse B[n-Im-cnI \nLp-hm-b ]mWn\nbpsS Zp]mZbn hsc hsc kvt\lPm- \-I
- n-b AY-n-\mWv {]map-Jy-ap-s
- Xpw A-sXmv adnv t\m--n-bm t_m[y-s-Spw.
Cu tmIns AkvXnXzs Xs tNmZyw sNp
hn-[nemWv Nne kwkmcnmdv. bYmYn CtX tmI-w Poh\IebpsS BNmcy {io {io chni Xs Commonalities on Islam and Hinduism F {Kn hsc DSpp--cnXmWv. am{Xa aebmfnse {]ikvX\mb Fgp-p-Im-c sI.]n cma\pn Cu tmInse {]hN\w

2013 P\phcn

87

thZ-f
- nse hoc-\m-bI
-
Bcy--Zkyp kwL--\s hnh-cn-p-n-Sv EtKz-Z-nse bp--sf Ipdnv Rm ]d-n-cpp Fm thZ-fn-se bp-
- {]Ir-Xn- hW-\I
- f
- m-sWpw AXnse IYm]m-{X-
- {]Ir-Xn-{]-Xn-`m-k
- f
- mb kqcy\pw N{\pw \{X-f
- p-sam-s-bm-sW-p-am-bn-cpp i-c\
- m-cm-bW
- s hniZo-Ic
- W
- w. EtKz-Z
- nse \nc-h[n tmI-fp-sSbpw hymJym\--fp-tS-bpw ]n_-e-n Cu hmZw sXm-sWpw C-{\p-w hr-X\
- p- w An-bp-aS- w Hscm thZ-i_
- vZ
- fpw kmImc
I-Ym-]m-{X-sfb kqNn-n-p-s
- Xpw adnv {]Ir-Xn-hW-\I
- f
- m-sW-p-amWv i-c\
- m-cm-bW
- Bhn-n-cn-p-Xv. CXn\v sX-fnthm kzw hymJym\fpw!
EtKz-Z
- nse IYm-]m-{X-sf shdpw Be-m-cnI i_vZ-fmbn a\-n-em-n-bXv i-c-\m-cm-b-Ws ] h
A_-a
- mtbm ]nSnp\nm-\p aSapn Nnamtbm
am{X-amWv Rm a\-n-em-n-bn-cp-X
- v. adnv At-la
- X
- n
Ddv \np-p-spw AXn\v thZ-i-_vZ-sf Ir{Xn-am-Yw \-I
- n Ah-Xc
- n-n-p-p-spw hy-amb nXnv
C-{--h-r{-- X--An t]mep ]pcmWIYm-]m-{X--fpsS
AkvXnXzw Ir-Xyambn Xs ]T-\h
- n-t[-ba
- m-t-X
- p-v.

ASnabmbmepw DSabmbmepw A{Ianv Ii\amb


in- \-IWsav XsbmWv Ckvemw ]dbpXv.
A-msX kaq-ls \membn Xncnv Ahsc ]c-kv]cw
Nq-jWtIZm-c-am-p NmXphWyhyh-nXn sIm

- p-h a-\p-kvar-Xn-bnse ]ptcmlnX \ntZ-i


- t]mse Ncn-{X- n- s- ]pd-tm-n-ep-t]-n-t--h-b
C-kv-em-an-I -aXhn[nI.
"a\p-jy-cn {]ap-J
- ' F hnti-jWw A[nIw ImWp-Xv C{-\m-Wv. ap a\p-jy-tcm-sSmw Atlw bp-n
P-bn--p-Ibpw \ Blmcw Ign-p-Ibpw sNp-p. "tPXm
\r-`n-cn-{-x ]rp iqcx' (1:17:3)
thKw {]Xy--s-Sp--h\pw a\p-jy-cnshv Ghpw
ho-c-\p-amb C{\v tlma-{Zhyw \Im bP-am-\-m-tcm-Sp
]d-bp-X
- mWv a{w:
"{]Xn-[m\m `cXm Xqb-akvssa
]ptcm-Umiw hoc-Xa
- mb \rWmw
Znth Znth kZr-io-cn{ Xp`yw
h[p Xzm tkmt]-bmb [rjvtWm.' (3:52:8)
a\p-jy\pw a\p-jyv lnX\pw a\p-jy-cnshv t{ijvT\
- pw B-Wv C{ FmWv sshZnI IhnI ]dbpXv.
"b C{mb kp\-hm-ta-Xyml
\tc \cymb \rX-amb \rWmw.' (4:25:4)
At-la
- mWv a\p-jy-cn shv Ghpw i-\mb t\Xmsh-v ap-IWvTw DZvtLm-jn-p-X
- mWv asmcp a{-n
tI-p-X
- v:
"\ ln amw h{hn-bm-a-tltY{anZv bPm-atl
ihnjvTw \rWmw \cw' (7:40:2)
AYw: Atbm C{m-n-It- f, \n-tfmSv R [\w
bm-Nn-p-n-. Fm Ghpw i\pw a\p-jy-cn a\pjy-\p-am-b C{s\ Dt-in-p-Xs R bmKw sNp-p.
C{ a\p-jy-sc-tmse kwkm-cn-p-Ibpw X-fpsS ASp--p hcn-Ibpw Xv Blmcw \Ip-Ibpw sNp-Xm-bm-Wv sshZn-II
- hn tcJ-s-Sp-p-X
- v.
"\rhZvhZ-p] t\m amln hmPm (10:28:12)
bptm-m-l
- m h[nv i{Xp-tk-\I
- sf \bn-p-h-
- v [mcmfw [\w \In a\p-jy-s\-tmse Ah-cpsS A-Spt-s-nb C{s\ \apv Cu a{-`m-K
- n Zin-mw:
"C{-kvXptPm _lWm Bhn-thi
\rh--[mt\m \cy-m-]p-cqWnx' (3:34:5)
B{in-Xc
- psS B{K-l
- ]qcn-n-p alm-\mb C{
a-\p-jy-s\-tmse hp-tN-cs F Hcp EtKzZ Ihn-bpsS
B-iw-k shfn-s-Sp-p a{-`mKw t\mq:
"alm-\nt{m \rh-Zm-Nj-Wn{]mx' (6:19:1)
Hcn-Sv, a\p-jy-cn {]ap-J\pw ap-a\
- p-jy-cp-ambn kzp
]-p-sh-n-cp-h
- \
- p-amWv C{, Fp hWn-s
- -n-cn-p-p.

C{
AjvSZ- nIv]me-Ic
- n {][m-\n-bmb C{ Iiy]\v AZnXn-bn- P\n ]p{X-sW-mWv thZ--fn-eqsS a\-n-em-p-sX-v Rm apte-J-\-n hni-Zo-I-cn-n-cp-p. C-Xpambn _--s sFXn-ly-an--s\-bm-Wv.
hw-im-hen: hnjvWp-{- _-m-hv- a
- c
- o-Nn-I
- i
- y-]-C
- {-
P-\\w {_m-hns am\-k]
- p-{X-m-cn tPyjvT\mb acoNn-bn \np Iiy-] P\n-p. Iiy-]\v Z-]p-{Xn-am-cn
tPy-jT
v-
- n-bmb AZn-Xn-bn P\n-h
- \
- mWv C{. Iiy-]\v
AZn-Xn-bn P\n ]{v ]p{X-m-sc BZn-Xy-m Fphn-fn-p--p. [mXm-hv, Bcy-am-hv, an{X, cp{Z,- h-cp-W,
kqcy, `K, hn-h-kzm, ]qjm-hv, khn-Xm-hv, XzjvSm-hv,hn-jvWp Fn-h-cm-Wv ]{-m-Zn-Xy-m. Chsc IqSmsX
AZn-Xnv Ccp-]-smv ]-p{X-m IqSn-bp-v. As\ 33
]p{X-m-cn tPyjvT-\mWv C-{. (a-lm-`m-cXw BZn-]hw
65:915) C{ tZh-m-cpsS A-[n-]-Xn-bm-bn. C{s B\
sF-cm-h-X-hpw, IpXnc Dss-{i-h-pw, Bbp[w h{P-hp-amIp-p. (A-n-]p-cmWw 51mw A[ymbw, a-lm-`m-cXw BZn-]-h-w 18mw A[ymbw) CXmWv C{s P--hpambn _sv
]p-cmW \Ip {]mYanI hnhc.
teJI ]dbpXv t]mse ChnsSsbmpw C{ {]IrXn-hW\bmbn ]cnNbsSppn. C\n EtKzZs ]T\-hnt[bamnb ]nXm Fnt \nKa\
t\m--mw. ""EtKz-Z-I-hn-I At-ls a\p-jy-s\v am{XamWv A-`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNp--Xv.
"A\p-{]--kyu-Itkm lpth Xphn {]Xnw \cw
bw tX ]qhw ]nXm lpth' (1:30:9)
A-Yw: Xs ]pcm-X\--h-k-Xn-I-fn-en-cp-p-sImv At\I-cp-sS A`n-em-j
- \nd-th-p \c-\mb C{-t\mSv, ap]v
F-s A F t]mse Ctm Rm {]mYn-p-p.
2013 P\phcn

88

CsXmw kqNn-n-p-Xv GtXm sshZnItKm{X-nse


ho-c-\m-b-I-\m-bn-cpp C{-s\pw tZh F-Xn\v BZyIm-ev AXp am{X-am-bn-cpp AY-sa-p-a-msX as-mWv?''(15)
C{ Kcp-U\v AarXw sImSp-b
-
- Xv alm-`m-cXw BZn]-hw 33:8:25epw C{\v APp-\ aI-\mbn P\n kw`hw
a-lm-`m-cXw BZn-]hw 123mw A[ymbnepw C{\pw Nyh\-\p- w Xn-ep hmZ-{]-Xn-hmZw a-lm-`m-cXw 125:3epw C{\pw
h-en-bpw Xn-ep bpw a-lm-`m-cXw imn-]hw 223mw
A-[ym-b
- nepw C{\v bbm-Xnsb Xmtgv Xn-bn-Xv alm`m-c-Xw BZn-]hw 88mw A[ymb-nepw C{ Ipcp-cm-Pmhn\v h-cw sImSp-Xv a-lm-`m-cXw iey-]h-nepw C{
X-Is
- \ cn-Xv a-lm-`m-cXw Bc-Wy-]hw 235mw A[ymbnepw C-{ Ima-t[-\p-hns\ cn-Xv a-lm-`m-cXw BcWy-]hw 9m-w A[ymb-nepw C{\v tIinsb A]-l-cnm- {ian-Xv a-lm-`m-cXw h\-]hw 223mw A[ymb-nepw
C{\v AwKn-c-ns\ A\p-{K-ln-Xv a-lm-`m-cXw DtZym-K]hw 18mw A[ymb-nepw C{s hnPbw F hnns\
Ip-dnv IW-]hw 31mw A[ymb-nepw C{\pw kqcy\pw
Xn-ep hnhmZw \S-Xv a--lm-`m-cXw IW-]hw 87mw ]-h-nepw tcJ-s-Sp-n-b-Xm-bn ImWmw. CsXmw km-Imc\mb Hcp a\jy/tZh AkvX
- n-Xzambn C{s\ ImWm\p
hyamb sXfnhpIfmWv. C-Xn-ssbmw t\sc ISv
th-Ww ic\mcmbW\v C{s\ {]-IrXnhW\bmbn a\n-emm. Atlw kqNnn ap IYm]m{XfpsSbpw
A-h CXp XsbmWv.

"kant{m Km AP-bXv kwln-cWym


ka-iznbm aLhm tbml ]qhox
G`n\r-`n\r-Xtam Aky imssIx
cmtbm hn`m kw`-c hkzx' (6:17:11)
bmsXmcp [\-hm-\mb C{ "]Wn'-I-fn\nv ]ip-sf-bp-w [\-sbpw IpXn-cI
- s
- fbpw Pbnp t\Sp-Ibpw i{Xpsf Io-g-S-p-Ibpw sNbvXp-thm, Ign-hp-IsIm-v a\pjy-t{i-jvT\
- m-b B C{ Cu a\p-jy-cm kvXpXn-s
- p
[\s A-h-v hn`-Pn-p-sIm-Sp-p-p. kzbw [\w kw`cn--p-Ibpw sNp--p. C\n, a\p-jy-cpsS Iq-n `y-tiJ-c-W-n C{ ap-n-p-\npXmbn ]dbp `mKw.
"ip\w lptha aL-hm-\-an-{
akvan`tc \rXaw hmP-kmXu
irWz--ap-{K-aq-Xtb kap
Lv\w hrXmWn kwPnXw [\m\mw' (3:30:22)

hr{X
Nn{X-tIXp F N{I-hn-bpsS ]p\P--am-bn-cpp
hr-{X-. Nn{X-tIXp IrX-Zyp-Xn- F `mcy-tbmSp IqSn AwKnc-n-t\-mSv {]mYn-p-Ibpw X^-ea
- mbn Ahv Hcp Ipn
P-\n-p- I
- bpw sNbvXp.- Ipn ssii-h
- n Xs acn-p-t]m-sb-n--epw AwKn-cv AXns\ Pohn-np sImSp-p. Nn{XtI-Xp-hn\v {_m-hpw, \mc-Z\pw A[ym--PRm\w D]-tZ-inp- sImSp-p. Fp-Zn-hkw [ym\-\n-cX
- \
- m-bn-cp-t- ijw Nn{XtI-Xp Hcp K--h-\mbn BIm-i-n IqSn ]d-p-t]m-Ipt-m ]mhXn ]c-a-in-hs XpS-bn Ib-dn-bn-cn-p-Xv
bm-Zr-n-I-ambn Iv s]mn-n-cn-p. hnh-c-a-dn ]mhXn
Nn-{X-tIXp Hcp Akp-c-\m-bn P\n-s Fv i]n-p. Cu
im]amWv hr{Xs P\\ Im-cWw.
hr{Xmkpcs P\\sn cv IY-I ImWp-p-v.
Iiy-]\v An-bn \nv P\n-n--h-\mWv hr{X Fv Hcp IY. XzjvSm-hns ]p{X-\mWv hr{X Fv asmcp I-Y.Hmtcmpw Xm-sg sImSp-p-p.
Iiy-]-{]-Pm-]-Xnv Z\p F `mcy-bn lnc-Wy-I-in]p
F- ]p{X-\p-m-bn. tZh-If
- psS t{]c-Wb
- m alm-hnjvWp
A-bmsf h-[n-p. ZpxJn-X-bmb Z\p-hns At]--{]-Imcw
I-iy-] A-h-v ]noSv sImSp ]p{X-\mWv _e AY-hm he. h-e-s\ C{ h{Pm-bp[w sImv l\n-p. CXn- Ip]n-X-\-m-bn--o Iiy-] PS-bpsS Hcng ]dn-sSpv C{-Lm-X-I-\mb Hcp ]p{X P\n-s Fp--cnp
sImv B PS An-bn tlman-p. DSs\ An-Ip--

"Atbm C{ A-em-`-I-c-amb Cu bp-n kpJI-c-\-pw [\-hm\pw a\p-jy-t{i-jvT-\p-amb C{s\ R


hnfn-p--p. AXv tIp--h\pw i{Xp-`-b--c\pw bp-fn hr{Xm-Zn-Isf sImp-h
- \pw [\- t\Sp-h
- \
- p-amb
Asb c-bvmbn R hnfn-s
- .'
Cu a{w EtKz-Z-n CtX a-e-n ]Xn-s\mp
kq---fn IqSn An-a-`m-K-mbn Bhn-p-pv.
(3:31, 32, -34, 36, 38, 39, 43, 48, 50 Fnh t\mpI). ]mw
a--e-n-epw CtX a{w cp-X-hW hcpp (10:89,104
Fnh t\m--pI). Cu Bibw sshZn-II
- m-ev F{X {]m[m\y-aln-n-cpp F-Xn\p sXfn-hm-Wn-Xv.
a\p-jy-cp-ambn tKm{X-ku-lr-Z-_w ]pen-tm-ncp--h-\mWv C{-s\v shfn-s-Sp-p kq- Hsmp-a-. D-Zm-l-c-W-ambn IpXn-c, ]ip, bhw, [\w Fn-hsb
X-cp--h-\m-Wv C{-s\pw, Atlw ]v X-fpsS B{Kl- ]nip-p- Iq-SmsX km[n-p- X-n-cp-p-shpw C-tmg- pw Atlw k-Jm-f
- mb Xv kJm-hm-sWpw {]Jym]n-p-Xp t\-mpI:
Zptcm Aizky Zpc C{ tKmckn
Zptcm bhky hkp\ C\-kv]Xnx
inm-\cx {]Znthm AIm-a-Ii-\
Jm kJn-`y-kvX-anZw KrWo-a-kn. (1:53:2)
2013 P\phcn

89

Zn-hkw C-s\ tlmaw sNbvXt- m B tlma-Ip-


- n
\n-v F--mw Znhkw cm{Xn AXn tXP-kzn-bmb Hcp ]pcp-j Bhn`-hn--p. Ah XoPzm-e-t]mse BImiw app-amdv
D-bp. A-Xn-s tijw B inhntijw A-\mb Xzjv-S-m-hn-t\m-Smbn C-s\ tNmZnp ""]nXmth Fs t]scm-Wv? Fs sImv A-tv km[n-p-hm-\p Imcysa-mWv? A-\p-thn IS-s
- hw IpSnp hn-p-It- bm,
]h-X
- sf XIp-Itbm kq-cy N{-msc XSp\npItbm Fv thW-sa-nepw sN-m-sav Abm Adnbnp''
C{s\ h[n--W-sav A B-P-vRm-]n-p. Av apX
hr-{X C{s\ h[n-p--Xn\p th-n Hcpn\np.(17)

]pjv]-I-hn-am-\s sPv ^vssfmbpw ]mip-]m-Xm-k-v


{X-s BW-hm-bp-[-ambpw ZZ-p-ns\ kPdn ss\
^
- m-bpsam-ap- B[p-\nI imkv{X hymJym-\
- "ssl

- h
- K
- t- h-jI
- c- n' \S-p- -sIm-n-cn-p-p-v. B-\n-hr-Xnv D]-I-cn-p-sa--Xn-e-pdw CXn-s\-sbmw s]mXp-ka- qlw Fns\ t\mn-m-Wp-sa-v Nn-n-p-Xv
\m-bn-cn-pw.
n- \npw ARvP\w t]mse Idp-n-cp a--\m-b Hcp s]cp-q P\np hfp h-p. amtm [cnv
In hmtfn Zwjv{Sm-Ic
- m-fh
- I
- v{- X-\m-bn tXP-n-\m X-nf
- p- B `b--c CSn-\m-Z-ns i-_vZ-n Iiy-]-t\mSn-s\ ]d-p.""altj F\n-m- -X-mepw Rm
F-p sNWw?''

hr{Xm-kp-c-\mWv A\--c-Im-ev aWn-am F cmPmhmbn ]p-\-s


- a-Sp-v Fv a-lm-`m-cXw BZn-]hw 67:45epw, C-{- hr{Xs Xe-bn {]tbm-Kn h{Pm-bp[w ]v
h-enb I-jvW
-
- fpw \qdv sNdnb IjvW
- f
- p-ambn s]mn-NnX-dn t]mbn F-v a-lm-`m-cXw BZn-]hw 170:5epw, C{\pw
hr-{X\pambp bp-n hr{X\v C{s\ hngpn If-p. AXn\p tijw C{ kzbw AwK- sNdp-Xmn
sh-fn-bn hp Fv a-lm-`m-cXw DtZymK-]hw 9:52epw, Hcn- ip{Im-Nm-cy hr{X-t\m-Sv Ipsd tNmZy- tNmZn-bpw hr{X\v AXn-s\mw icn-bm-b kam-[m\w ]d-bp-Ibpw
sN-bvXp Fv a-lm-`m-cXw imn-]-hw 279:6epw hr{X\v acW-tijw kzK-{]-thiw sNbvXp F-v a-lm-`m-cXw imn]hw 280:60epw C{\pw hr{X\pw X-n- \S tLmc-k-ac-n\v AdpXn ImWmsX Fm-hcpw A--cp HSp-hn
hr-{X\v Hcp tImphm hnSp-Ibpw B Xw t\-mn C{\v
hmbn-tev h{Pm-bp[w {]tbm-Kn-p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp. As\-bm-bn-cpp hr{Xs ac-Ww Fv a-lm-`m-cXw h-\]hw
101:15epw; DtZymK-]hw 10:9epw; imn-]hw 282--- :9epw; imn-]hw 283:59epw ImWmw. CXv C{s\ Ipdnv ]d--Xvt]m-se kmImc\mb i{XphmWv hr{X FXns IrXyam-b \n-Zi\amWv.
An
hnjvWp-hn \nv A\p-{I-a-ambn {_mhvAwKn-c--v_r-l-kv]Xn An Fns\bmWv hwim-hen. An-tZhs P-\-\s ]n ]c-kv]chncp--amb ]e {]kvXm-h-\I ]pcm-W
- f
- n ImWp-p-v. Xqew An-bpsS hwimhen Ip-]n-Sn-p--Xn\v A]w _pn-ap-p-v. ta sImS- pn-cn-p hwim-he
- nm[mcw `mK-hX
- hpw `mc-Xh
- p-am-Wv.
a-lm-`m-cXw BZn-]-hw 65:10 {_m-hns Bdv am\k
]p-{X-m-cn Hcm-fmWv A-wKn-cv Fv {]Xm-hn-p-p. `mKh-Xw \memw kvIw 34D-w 35Dw ]Zy--fn AwKn-cn\v
{i-m F `mcy-bn kn-\o-hmen, Iplp, cmI, A\p-aXn
F-o \mev ]p{Xn-amcpw DX-Yy- _rl-kv]Xn F cv
]p-{X-mcpw Dm-bn-cp-X
- mbn {]-kvX
- m-hnp ImWp-p. Fgp-s `K-h-X-n kwh F-v aqm-aXv Hcp ]p{X IqSn Dm-bn-cp--Xmbn {]kvXm-hn-p-pv.(18)

CXvtIv Iiy-] C{s\ \n{K-ln-m Ah-\m


sI-mSp-p. Iiy-] Ahs\ hr{X Fp hnfn-p.(16)
C-{s\ \n{K-ln-p--Xn\p thn hr{Xm-kp-cs\ P-\nnXv Xz-jSv mhv F {]Pm-]X
- n-bmWv FXmWv cmas
IY.
XzjvSmhpw C{\pw Xn BZyw apXp Xs sshcn-If
- m-bn-cp-p. C{s\ h[n-p-X
- n\v thn XzjvSmhv {Xninc-v AYhm hniz-cq-] F ]p{Xs\ P\n-n-p.- hn-iz-cq-]\v aq--v Xe-I-fp-m-bn-cp-p. Hv tkma-]m-\-n\pw cm-atXv kpcm-]m-\-n\pw aqm-a-tXv -`--W-n-\p-am-bncp-p. hniz-cq--] {_m-W\
- m-bn-cp-p.- F-nepw A Akpc-kv{Xobm-bn-cp-X
- n-\m Akp-c
- m-tcmSv Iqdp-]p-en-tmp.- hn-iz-cq-]s \S-]-Snsb C{ {Kln-p. AXv tZh-\nbpw A[a-hp-am-sWv A-\p-am-\n-p. hniz-cq-]s\ Ipdnv
`b-ap-m-bn-cp C{ tIm-]w-]qv hniz-cq-]s inc-p-Isf Inp hogvn. hniz-cq-]s inc-p-If
- n tkmaw IpSn-Xv I]n-RvPew F ]n-bm-bn; kpc IpSn-Xv I]nwKw
F- ]n-bm-bn. Aw DXv Xn-ncn]n-bm-bn. Ah
C-{s t\sc sNp. AXns\ lnw-kn-p-hm Ign-bp-ambn-cp-s-nepw C{\v AXns\ ARvPe
- n-]qhw kzoI-cn-p.
hjm-h-km\n AXns\ \membn Inp. B AwKsf `qan,- P-ew, hrw kv{Xo Fn-h-bn hn-X-cWw sNbv-Xp. ""Ipgn-tSw \ndbpw'' F hc-tmSp Iq-sS `qan
A-Xn-s\ hmn. B ]m]-amWv Cv Anv Dp-X-d-I-fmbn ImWp-X
- v. ""tNcp-tSw hen-a
- S- bpw'' F hc-tm-Sp
IqsS Pew AXns\ hmn; B ]m]-amWv Cv Ipan-fbpw
\p-cb
- p-ambn ImWp-X
- v. ""apdn-mepw acn-b
- n'' F hct-m-Sp IqsS ac- AXns\ hmn; B ]m]-amWv Cv
I-d-bm-bn ImWp--Xv. ""Imaw Hgn-bmsX \npw'' F hct-mSp IqSn kv{XoI AXns\ hmn B ]m]-amWv Cv
kv{XoI-fn- {]Xn-amkw ctPm-cq-]
- n ImWp-Xv.
Xs [a-\n-jvT\
- mb ]p{Xs\ tZth-{\v bmsXmcp ImcW-hpw IqSmsX NXnp sImp Fv tI-tm Ip]n-X-\mb Xz-jvSmhv AYh-W-a{w sImv tlmaw XpS-n. Fv
2013 P\phcn

AXpt]mse, _rl-kv]X
- nv Nm{akn F `mcy-bn
B-dp ]pWym-n-I P\n-spw Ah-cn aq-h\
- mb iwbphn-\v kXy F `mcy-bn An-tZ-h P\n-spw alm-`mc-X-w Bc-Wy-]hw 219:14 ]Zy--fn-embn {]kvXm-hn-p-p.
90

AjvSZ- nIv]me-I
- m-cn Hcm-fmWv An Fv tZho `mKh-Xw- 8mw kvI-n ImWpp. A-n-tZ-h\v kzmlmtZhnbn ZmnWw Kml-]Xyw Bl-h-\obw Fv aqv ]p{Xm- P-\n-p Fv tZ-hn-`m-Kh
- Xw \h-ak
- vI-nepw AntZ-h\v kz-lt- Z- h
- n-bn ]mh-I ]mh-am-\ iqNn Fp aqp
]p{X-mcpw D-m-bn Fv BwKn-c-knepw A-n-bpsS in-bn \nv D--hnh\mWv \oe F hm\-c Fv
h-me
- a
v o-In-cm-am-bW
- w InjvIn-m-Imw 41epw An-tZ-hs
Awi-n \nv [r-jvSZypa F alm-cY
- P\n-p Fv
a-lm-`m-cXw B-Zn-]--hw 67:127epw kp{_Wy An-tZ-hs ]p{X-\mbn P\n-p Fv a-lm-`m-cXw h\]hw 225mw
A-[ymbnepw A-n-tZ-h- {]Pm-]-Xn-I-sf-sbmw Xs
]p{X-m-sc-tmse kvt\ln-n-cp--p Fv a-lm-`m-cXw A\pim-k\]hw 85mw A-[ym-b-n-e-pw An-tZ-h kvI-tZhs\ Ghpw IqSp-X-embn kvt\ln-n-cpp Fv a-lm-`mcXw h\]hw 226mw A[ym-bw-n-epw-B-], {[ph,
tkma, [a, A\n-e An, {]Xyp-j, {]-`m-k Fo
AjvS-h-kvXp--fn An-IqSn Ds-Sp-p F-v hnjvWp]p-cmWw 1mwAwiw 15mw A[ymbnepw An-bn- \nv
kzmlm-tZ-hnv ]mh-I ]mh-am-\ iqNn Fp aq-p ]p{Xm P\n-p. Ah-cn iqNn _U-hmn Xs-bmWv F-v
A-n-]p-cmWw 20mw A[ymbnepw An-tZ-hs B-bp-[w
thew, hml\w BSpw BIp-p Fv A-n-]p-cmWw 51m-w
A[ymbnepw An, PmX-th-Zkv F t]tcmSp IqSn ]pc-pc
- h
-
- ns ]p{X-\mbn P\np Fv `mK-hXw \h-ak
- vIw
14mw A[ymbnepw ImWmw. Ccw kw`hsfmw ap
E-tKz-Z \masf t]mse {]IrXnhW\If Fpw kmIm-cc
- m-b IYm]m{XfmsWpw hyamppv.
i-c\m-cm-b-W {]IrXn-{]-Xn-`m-k--fmbn hnh-cn
ssl-h-th-Z-{K---fnse aqv {][m\ \ma--fpsS Ah-bm-Wn-Xv. ssl-ht- emIw Ch-sbmw IXv a\p-jy\pw
tZh-m-cp-am-sb-m-amWv Cmcyw Xm A {]am-Wa
- mbn
hniz-kn-p- \nL-p- adnp t\mn-bm t]mepw
A-t-l-n\v t_-m[y-sSpw. ae-bm-f-n-sebpw kwkvIr-X-ns
- ebpw {][m-\s
- GXm-sm UnvWd
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kam-\a
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- v. AsXmpw
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Is-p-h
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Imcy-n bmsXmcp k-wi-b-hp-an-.
Cu hkvXp-sf sXp-[c
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- m-sWv kaYn-m-\m-Wv.
Cu hmp-I- IYm-]m-{X-sf Ipdn-m am{Xta thZ-fn- D]-tbm-Knpp F hmZw F\n-n- s Imcyw Rm
B-Zy-te-J\
-
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- f
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h-n-p-v. ]t teJI sNbvXXv As\sbmcp IYm]m-{Xw Xs C-s-p-w AsXmw {]Ir-Xn-hW-\-I-fm-sWp-w kaYnv C{--hr-{X--A-n-am-cpsS bp--sfbpw Zpjvs
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v n-Is
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cnncnp a{--fn t]m-epw sXp[cn-n- \S-nbn-p-.v DZm-lc


- W
- a
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h-jn--s--sXpamWv i-c\m-cm-b-Ws hni-Zo-I-c-Ww.
hyamb Zphym-Jym-\a
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hr{Xs\ C{ \n{K-ln-p-Ibpw AW-sv X-Iv shw
H-gpn hnSp-Ibpw sNp kw`-h-am-Wn--hnsS hn-i-Zo-I-cn-p-X.v
""Atbm C{m, ]qhmcmb EjnIfm Atm
kvX
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Atbm C{m, AhnSpv s]cnbh\mIpp. A-hn-Sp-tv th-n XsbmWv `qan _es IcpXnbncnpXv.
tZym-hpw A-hnSptv thn _es IWm-n-bn-cnp-p. A-hn-Sp-s _em temIsf adp hr-{Xs\- Akpcs\ A-hnSpv sImp. Fnv hr{X\m ]n-Sp-\ns sh--sf hnp.''(19)
hr{X-\m XS-p-\n-sv sh-sf hnp FmWv
a-{mYw. CXn-s\-bmWv \n{K-l-k-a-bv c-sam-en-p-X-n-s\ kqNn-n-p--XmWv k`-sav sXp-[-cn-nv AXv
ta-Lhpw ag-bp-sa-m-amn Atlw hni-Zo-I-cn-p--Xv.
AXp-t]mse EtKz-Z-nse 3:35:5sbSn-m-\-n C{-s Ip-Xn-c-I a{-m-emWv ]qp-Xv Fv Ah-Im-is-Spp C-t-lw.- C-sXmw Ae-m-c-hW-\-bmWv IpXn-csb-v kaYn-m-\mWv Atlw D-cn-p-X
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Fp-]t- bm-Kn-Xv C{ l-cn-Is
- f BIpXn-cI
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- fbpw
91

\nbp-p--sf s]Ip-Xn-c-I-sf-bp-am-sWpw(20) Ch NpI-v \nd-am-sWpw ]pp-Ifpw h-dp-- bhw(A-hn) -`-np-sapw(21) Ahpw C{-\p-ambn Z-Z-]pv sImv hncns-m-cp-n-bn-cn-p-p-shp(22) samw EtKz-Z-nse DrX
a{ns Xmsgbpw apIfnepap tmI hm-bnm
hy-amIpw. i-c\
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{]-Ir-Xn-hW-\-bm-sWv Bhnp sImn-cp-m Fgp-psImv amdp--X B tcmK-sav a\-n-em-Ww.
A-Xn\v ia\w ImW-W-sa-n ]pXnb NnIn-I tXtS-Xp-v.

]pcm-W--fn imkv{Xw Xnc-bm sNm `qan \ne-am-sW bPpth-Z-nse 32mw A[ymbnse {]


-tbm-K-fpw, kqcy `qansb Nppp F EtKz-Z-nse Hm-a[
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ASn-ak
- v{Xo-It- fm-Sp Ckvem-ans \ne-]mSv
NmXphWy-sa {Iqc hyh-n-Xnsb \ymbo-Ic
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sN-bvX-t-m hnip-- Izp-B-\nse 24:33 Nmcn-{X-h-Xn-Ifm-b kv{-Xo-I-sf thiym-hr-nv \n_-n-p--Xp-ambn
_-sv A-h-v Rm s]mdpp sImSppw Fv Am-lp ]d-bp--Xn-s\ sXmbn hymJym-\n-n-cpp At-lw.
A-Xn thiym-hr-n-v \n_-n DS-a-\v s]m-dp-psImSp-m-sa-mWv Izp-B
- \
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amv ]d-n-cn-p-Ib
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Ah-kcw \Ip-am-dm-Is
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A-]qW-am-hpw. ASn-ab
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- v in hn[np-p- a
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AXv \cIinv ImcWamIp IpamsWv XsbmWv
Ckvemans \ne]mSv.
A_q akvDuZv A Akmcn \nthZ\w: ""Rm Fs
`r-Xy-s\ aZnpsImncnt ]nn \nsmcp iw tIp.
""A-_q akvDuZv, Amlphns ] Xmv AbmfpsS
ta-epXnt\m B[n]Xyapsv Xm a\-n-em-W-w. tZjyw sImv F\nv Bsf Xncndnbm Ignn.
A-mlphns ZqX\mbncpp AXv. Amlphns ZqXsc,
A--m-lphn\v thn Rm Ahs\ kzX{\mpp. Atm- \_n ]dp: \o AXv sNbvXnmbncpsn \-

c-Ins I-hmS \n\mbn XpdsSpambncpp''(23)


ASnakv{Xosb t`mKnm AXns\Xnsc Ii\amb in \-IWsav XsbmWv CkvemanI temIns \ne-]mSv. C-amw amenIv Cu hnjbn \Ip aXhn[n
C-n-s\-bm-Wv. ""Hcm Hcp kv{Xosb t`mKnmAh I\yIbmhs AmXncnskzX{bmsWn Ahv
Xpeyamb al \-tIXmWv. C\n ASnabmsWn AhfpsS A`na-m\
- s
-
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A-hs ta {]Xn{Inb sN-pIbpw Hcp hy`nNmcnv \-t-I- in \SmpIbpw th-Ww. ASnasns ta
bm-sXmcp inbpan.''(24)
Camw im^nbpw CXn\v kam\amb in XsbmWv
hn-[n--pXv. ""Hcm _emmcambn Hcp ASnakv{Xosb
Io-gs
v- ]SppIbpw a\x]qhw Xs CwKnXn\v hnt[-bam-p-I-bpw sNbvXm Ahsf Abmfn \nv tamNnn-p-Ibp-w ]-n-g CuSmpIbpw sNtXmWv. am{Xa Abmsf
\n-b-a-h-n-cp- ssewKnIthgvNbn GsXn\v inn-pI-bpw th-W-w.''(25)
ASnabmbmepw DSabmbmepw A{Ianv Ii\amb in
\-IWsav XsbmWv Ckvemw ]dbpXv. Chn-sS-bmWv
I-zp-B\ns [a-t_m-[hpw \ymb-t_m-[hpw hy-am-Ip-X.v AmsX kaq-ls \membn Xncnv Ahsc ]c-k]
v cw
Nq-jWtIZm-ca- m-p NmXphWyhyh-nXn sImv h
a-\p-kvar-Xn-bnse ]ptcmlnX \ntZ-i- t]mse Ncn-{Xn--s ]pd-tm-n-ep-t]-n-t--h-b Ckvem-an-I -a-Xhn-[nI.
thZ-f
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thZ-f
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`qan-sb sXmn-em-n-sb IzpB-\nse {]tbm-Ks \ncq-]W
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2013 P\phcn

92

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imkv{X-k-Xy- NnI-bp--h Cm-cy-sf Xa-kvI-cnv
sImv ]T\w XpS--cp-sXt kvt\l-_-pym DWm\p-p.

I- Xs hnai-\-am-cw-`n-p-Xv Xs. {`a-Ws Ipdnmt\m `qan-bpsS BIr-Xnsb Ipdn-mt\m A kXy-n


AhnsS sXm-n-se-p-]-tbm-Kn-n-cn-p--Xv. adnv AXns
{]-Ir-Xnsb Ip-dn-
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kuI-cy--tfm-Spw IqSn hkn-m-\p kml-N-cy-sam-cpn
F--Xns\ kqNn-n-p-n-S-mWv {]kvXpX Izp-B-\nI
h-N-\--fp--Xv. tijw Izp-B\n\v Ipdv IqSn \mbn
B- hmN-I-sa-gp-Xm-am-bn-cpp F--tlw A`n-{]m-b-s-Sp-pv. {]]--\m-Ys kwkm-c-amb Iz-p-B-\n\v i-c-\m-cm-bW-s Xncpv! sXmn-en\v ]I-cw N-{I-w F ]Z-am-Ws{X
Iq-Sp-X DNnXw! a\p-jyv \nh-kn--m N{Iw t]mep
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-
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hy--ambn adp-]Sn ]d-npw Ku\n-msX t]mb hnj-b-fm- Wv Bcy-\ym-{I-aW
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Ipdn-p-ap Fs hni-I-e-\-. te-J-I t_m[-]q--h
t-am A{i- -aq-etam aphm-Z- hopw FSp-p--cn-n-cnp-I-bm-Wv. C-n-j-b-I-hp-ambn C\nbpw ]gb hmZ- Bh-n-p--Xn-\v ]Icw Fs adp-]-Sn-I Hcm-hn IqSn
hmbn-p-I. D--c- Is-m {]bm-k-ap-m-In-.
kam-]\
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Ckvem-anI {]t_m-[-I-cpsShn-injym Cu N-bnse
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33mw A[ym-b
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93

\-nsbpw A-m\nsbpw D]mk\bptSbpw ^ew


hy-XykvXamsW--v hnZzmm ]dbpp. CXns\ Ejnam
a-pt Iv AXns\ X-eap-dImbn HmXnbncnpp. GsX-mcph m\-s-bp-w Iasbpw GIIm-e--dn-bppthm Ah Iam ac-Ws AXnPohnv m-\-m kmbqPyw {]m]npp.
Atbm Ia\ncXamb Pohmmth! \o FmWp sNbvX
- s
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Z-ln-npXn\p apt HmwImcs Hmanmepw. \ns
I-a--sftbmanmepw. tZlw \izchpw tZln A\izchpa-ms
- W-tm-mepw.
Atbm \bpsS {]XoIamb kthizc, Rsf t\-hg- np \bnmepw. \n\mbn RfpsS Cu kvXpXnIsf
kanpp. \o khXpadnbpp. Rsf hn{`-ann-p- ]m]fn \npw Rsf hyXnNennmepw. sF-izcy-n-sbpw ktmjnsbpw hnthInsbpw ]m-XI-fneqsS R-sf \bnmepw.''(26)

t-Xv Fv hniz-kn-n-cp-m ItTm-]-\n-j-n--eqsS


XmoXv sN-s tLmcm-I
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{Xn-bc
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hf aX-amWv ]c-a]
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Atm ]Tn--X-m--Xns\ ]n]-t-n hcpw; ]Tn-Xp
apgp-h ]d-bm Ign-bmsX hcpw; A-tX-m-sS GI-k-Xy-kzcq-]a
- mb HmwIm-cs a\-kn \nv ]ngp-sX-dn-tb-nbpw hcpw. \mw Gsd N- sNbvX EtKz-Z-nse Ah-km-\ hm-N-I--fp--cnv Cu N Ah-km-\n-n--s.
""Aw Xa-x {] hnin tb hnZymap]mktX
XtXm `qb CX tX Xtam b D hnZymbmMv cXmx
A\ytZhmlphnZymbm A\yZmlpchnZymbmx
C-Xn ip{ipa [ocmWmw tb \kvXZznNNntc.
hn-Zymw NmhnZymw N bkvXtZztZm`bMv kl
A-hnZybm arXypw XoXzm hnZybmfarXaiv\ptX.
hm-bpc\neaarXatYZw `kvamMv icocw
Hmw {ItXm kvac. nt_ kvac. IrXMvkvac
At \b kp]Ym cmtb Akvam\znizm\n tZh h-bq\m-\n hnZzm
bptbm[ykvaplpcmWtat\m `qbnjvTmw tX \a Dnw
hn-t[a''
""AhnZysb Bcm[np a\pjy AXsb {]m-]np--p. AXpt]mseXs Aev]m\amIp hnZybn
ap-gpIp--h\pw AXnepw henb Xan apgpIpp. m2013 P\phcn

IpdnpI:
1. kzman Zbm\ kckzXn: kXymY{]Imiw t]Pv:
274,275
2. A.D Pulsukar: The History and culture of Indian people
Vol-1 Page: 189
3. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad: Tharjumanul Quran Page 103)
4. am-Xr-`qan Zn\-]{Xw: 24/6/12
5. kvt\l-Pm: sslh thZ{Kfnse Anam-Nmcy- t]Pv: 13,14
6. Dr. Ved Prakash Upaddhayaya: Muhammad in the Vedas
and the Puranas Page: 37
7. kvt\l-Pm: sslh thZ{Kfnse AnamNmcy-: t]Pv: 22,23
8. Dr. Ved Prakash Upaddhayaya: Muhammad in the Vedas
and the Puranas Page: 32
9. Zn K^v \yqkv Zn\]{Xw: 2006 Htm_ 15
10. `hnjy ]pcmWnse 5 apX 27 hscbp tm-In-\v tUm. Fv.Un hn-Zy-m--Yn \Inb hnh\w
11. kvt\l-Pm: sslh thZ{Kfnse AnamNmcy- t]Pv: 27,28
12. Dr. Ved Prakash Upaddhayaya: Muhammad in the Vedas
and the Puranas Page:25
13. a\p-kvarXn 11:201
14. kvt\l-Pm: sslh thZ{Kfnse AnamNmcy-- t]Pv: 1521
15. kwkvIrXkmlnXyNcn{Xw: t]Pv 5457
16. ]]pcmWw `qan-Jw 23mw A[ymbw
17. tZho`mK-hXw jjv-T-kvI-w
18. `mKhXw 4mw kvIw 34,35 ]Zy
19. EKzZw 6:1,2 EtKzZw, `mjm`mjyw: t]Pv 411
20. E-tKzZw 3:35:2
21. E-tKzZw 3:35:3
22. E-tKzZw 3:35:7
23. apkvenw
24. Camw amenIv A aphXz
25. Camw im^n InXm_p Dv
26. EtKzZw 40:1---- 216
94

A\p`hw

kwLjn
\nv kam[m\ntev...
A^kv Ap
XndbpsSbpw XdnbpsSbpw \mSmb Iq Pn-bnse Hcp lnp-Ip-Spw-_-nem-Wv Fs P\-\w. aX-t-m {]m[m\yw cmjv-{So-b-n\v \Ip \mSmWv
R-f
- p-tS-Xv. Fs IpSpw-_
- ns Imcyhpw adn-
- . ]mn Imcy-f
- n AXoh
I-Wn-iX Imn-bn-cp Fs amXm-]n-Xm- aX-Im-cy-f
- n Hpw \n_w sNep-n-bn-cp-n-. Fnepw Iqp-Im-cp-samv I-\n-mbn Rm A-e--fn
t]m-hm-dp-m-bn-cp-p.
\mn lnp-fpw apkvenw-Ifpw sFIy-tm-sS-bmWv ]pdsa Ign-n-cp-sX-nepw AIta A{X kulr-Z-ntem hnizm-k-ntem Bbn-cp-n. apkvenwI-sf hniz-kn-m sImn, hrnbpw shSn-p-an-m--hcmWv, Iqp-Iq-S-cpXv,
N-mw ]mSn XpS-nb \ntZ-i
- f
- m-bn-cpp sImp-Ip-n-If
- m-bn-cp Rv
apXn-h-cn \nv Inn-bn-cp--Xv. cmjv{Sob taem-fam-cn- \nv e`n-n-cp D]-tZ-i-fpw adn-m-bn-cp-n-.
Bbn-S-m-Wv Hcp apkvenw-Ip-Spw_w Fs Ab]-v Xma-kn-m-s\-nb-Xv. [mcmfw Ipn-I-sfm-s-bp hen-sbmcp IpSpw-_-am-bn-cpp AXv. hnn \np-w Ii-\-hn-e-p-m-bnpw Gsd sshImsX B Iqp-Ip-Spw-_-hp-ambpw Ahn-Sps Ipn-I-fp-ambpw hnp-]n-cn-bm-\m-hm kulr-Z-n-embn Rm. kvIq hnv
h-m Hcp \nan-jw Xma-kn-msX Abhonse-pw. sNdp\mfp-ap-Xte Fs
a\-n sImn-sh-n-cp "apkvenw Nn{X'n\v t\hn-]-co-X-am-bn-cpp Ah-cn- \nv F\nv A\p-`-h-s--Xv; hrnbpw shSn-p-ap A-cow. lrZyhpw
kv-t\l-akrWhp-amb s]cp-am-w. ASppw Nn-bp-ap ]mew. s]sv Xs Rm B hop-Im-cp-ambn ]ncn-bm-\m-hm lrZ-b-_--n-embn. \ `cm-bn-cpp B IpSpw-_w. sshIp-t-c-am-bm Hcp {Kw Xpdv shv Ipn-Ifpw
hen-bh
- c
- p-samw CuWn ]mcm-bWw sNp-Xv IuXp-It- msS ]e-tmgpw
Rm t\mn-\npw. Hcp Znhkw Iqp-Im-tcmSv Cu {Kw F\n-smv hmbn-m Xc-Ws
- av Rm\m-hi
- y-s-s-nepw AXv Xcmt\m sXmp-t\m-mt\m t]mepw
]m-Sn-s-m-bn-cpp Fs Iqp-Im-cpsS adp-]-Sn. AsXs hmsX \ncm-i-s-Sp-n; shdppw. Fnepw Ah-cpsS lrZy-amb s]cp-amw aqew Ah-cn \npw
]m-sS hnp-t]m-cm a\v k-Xn--Xp-an-.
]T\w kvIq hnv Iym-kn-tev tNt-dn-bt- XmsS Pohn-XX
- mfw AmsS amdn-. ]mn mkp-Ifpw cmjv{Sob {]h-\
- f
- p-sam-s-bmbn ASn-s]m-fn- sse^v.
tI-mf-Pn [mcmfw apkvenw Ipn-Isf Iqn\v Inn-sb-nepw Hpan t]cpw Ahcp-sS aXs Ipdnv Imcy-amb Adnthm hnh-ctam D-h-cm-bn-cp-n-. am{X-a
X- apkvenw-I BsWv ]d-bp--Xn Hcp-Xcw A]-I-jX D-h-cpam-bncp-p. `uXn-I-hm-Zn-bmb Fs tNmZy--smpw hy-amb adp-]Sn \Im2013 P\phcn

95

\m-hmsX Ah Ip-g-p-am-bn-cp-p. Fm Ah-cn \nsm-s hyXy-kvXa


- mbn Fs AXn-ib
- s
- -Sp-nb hynXz-ap Hcp apkvenw s]-Ipn mkn-ep-m-bn-cp-p. thjn-epw \S--nepw s]-cp-am--nepw aX-Nn--I IWn-iam-bn ]men-p-h
- f
- m-bn-cp-p Ah. am{X-a Xs aX-n-\p thn hotdmsS hm-Zn-n-cp Ah- Xms\mcp apkvenw
B-sW-Xn A`n-am-\n-p-Ibpw Xpdv ]d-bm BPhw
ImWn-p-Ibpw sNp-am-bn-cp-p.
Ckvem-anse _lp-`m-cyXzw, kv{XoI-tfm-Sp Ah-KW
- \,
]Z-, `oI-ch
- mZw XpSn kIe hnj-b
- f
- nepw Ah-fp-ambn
s]-mcn kwhm-Z
- n Gs-Sp-Ibpw Fm hnj-b
- nepw
Ahv hy-amb Imgv]
- m-Sp-Ifpw bpn-`{- Z-amb adp-]S- nbp-ap-m-bn-cp-p. Ahfp-ambn hmZnp Pbn-m-\mbn am{Xw Rm Ckvem-ans\ Ipdnv hnai-\-_pym ]Tn-m-\m-cw-`n-p.
_ncp-Zm-\-c _ncpZ ]T-\-n\v tN-tXm-sS- kXy-k-\mb Hcp apkvenw Iqp-Im-cs\ F\nv kl-]m-Tn-bmbn
Inn. Ah-\p-am-bp kl-hm-k
- n-\n-Sb
- n Ckvem-anIZi\-hp-ambn IqSp-Xe
- S- p-m\pw ]Tn-m\pw F\n-h
- k
- cw Inn.
I-ayq-Wnv `uXnI Npp-]m-Sn P\nphf Fn AtX-msS ssZh-hn-izm-k-ns \mv Infnp XpS-n. ]T\-Im-es CS-th-f-bn Hcp apkvenw kplr-ns m]\-n Rm tPmen t\mn-bn-cp-p. AtXmsS Ckvem-apam-bpw AXnse BNm-c--fp-ambn Ipsd IqSn _-s-Sm
A-h-kcw e`n-p. XnI aX-hn-izm-kn-bmb Ah Hgnhp
k-a-b--fn-semw koUn-I tIm\pw aX-]-T-\-n-\pam-bn-cpp sNe-hn-n-cp-X
- .v aX-{]-`m-jW
- w- {ihn-m\pw mkpI-fn ]s-Sp-m\pw Fsbpw sImp-t]m-Ip-am-bn-cp-p.
]-Xps ]Xps Rm Ckvem-anI Zi-\
- n BIr-jvS\m-bn. ac-Whpw ]p\P-hpw ]c-tem-Ihpsamw Fs Nnbn-epw CSw Isn. Hpw sSj-\n-m Ahs sse^v
F-n ]e-tmgpw B-cy-ap-Wn-bn-cp-p. F{X henb
{]-iv\
- fpw hfsc \nkm-ca
- mbn t\mnmWp-Ibpw ssZh\n-b
- s
- av Biz-kn-p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cpp Ah. Ahs
hn-iz-k-amWv Cu \ne-]m-Sn\v {]m]vX-\m-n-b-sXv Rm
ss-hImsX a\-n-em-n. ]T-\-tijw Fd-Wm-Ip-fv Hcp
-m]-\
- n tPmen-In-n. Ckvem-ans\ Ipdnv ]Tn-m\pw a\-kn-em-m-\p-ap Xzc Fn Bth-ia
- m-bn Ign-n-cp-p.
Inm-hp tkmgvkn \nsmw Ckvem-ans\ a\-n-emm\pw Adn-bm\pw {ianp XpS-n-bn-cp Rm Fs Cu
B-thiw Iv kplrv \nv Hm^v {Sqp-ambn _-sSp-n Xp. AsXs Pohn-X-nse hgn-n-cn-hmbn amdpI-bpw sNbvXp.
tPmen-bpsS `mK-ambn hnhn-[
m-]\
-
- kin-t-Xp-m-bn-cp-p. A-cs
- amcp thf-bn {InkvXy DS-a
- X-bn-ep m]-\-hp-ambn CS-nsS _-s-Sp-am-bn-cp-p.
Ahn-sS-bp Poh-\-m-cn-e-[n-Ihpw s]-smkvXp hn`mK-m-cmb {InkvXym-\n-I-fm-bn-cp-p. {InkvXptZh-\n hnizkn-m Ignpt]mb kIe ]m]-fpw IgpIn ipo-Ic
- n-s-Sp-sapw AXn-\m Hpw ]nn-SmsX R-tfm-sSmw
tNc-Ws
- apw Ah Bh-iy-s-p. Xm\n-tm Ckvem-ans\
Ip-dn-p ]T-\
- n-em-sWv ]d-t- m Ckvem-an\pw F{X-tbm apv `qan-bn-tev IS-p-h aX-amWv X-fp-tS-sX-pw temIv Ghpw IqSp-X A\p-bm-bn-If
- p-Xv {InkvXp2013 P\phcn

a-X-n-\m-sWpw {InkvXp-hn hniz-kn--h\v ]m]-tam-N-\hp-w kzK-cm-Pyhpw Dd-m-sW-p-sams Ah \nc-cw D]-tZ-in-m XpS-n. lnp-aXw Dt]-nv Xms\-n\p Ckv-em-an-tev t]mhWw? adnv {InkvXp-hn hniz-kn-p-Ibm-Wv Ic-Wo-b-sapw Ah Dd-np ]d-p. ]e-tm-gpw
AhcpsS {]blm-fn-tev IqsS sImp-t]m-hm\pw {ianp.
\n_--n\p hgn Hcn- Rm\-h-tcm-sSmw t]mbn.
Dujva-f-amb hc-thm-bn-cp-p AhnsS e`n--Xv. Ahn-sSbp-m-bn-cpp hkZ-n\p apn Fs kzoI-cnn-cp-n.
{][-m\ ]ptcm-ln-X Ah-cp-sS aX-n-tev ]pXp-Xmbn ISp-h Bfmbn Fs kZ-ns\ ]cn-N-b-s-Sp-n, kZv
HmsI kvt{Xm{Xw sNmn Fv kzmKXw sNbvXp.
Ahn-sS-bp-m-bn-cp {][m\ A\p-ambn Gsd t\cw
Rm- kwh-Zn-p. ]
- s Fs kwi-b
- smpw bp-n`{Z-amb adp-]S- n Xcm Ah-sc-sImv Ign-n-. C-mcyw
Ah-tcmSv Rm Xpdv ]d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp, AtXmsS Fs
{]tem-`n-n-p-hm-\p {ia-am-bn. anI tPmen Xcmw \-
ifw Xcmw Ctm-gs
- -m kuIcyw \Imw F-sms-bm-bn. Ctm-gp tPmen-bn Rm ]pW-kw-Xr-]vXh
- m\m-Wv. \n ]d- hnjbw IqSp-X ]Tn-m {i-anmw
Fsms ]dp Rm Ah-cn \npw c-s -- p. ^en B "]n-bn t]mv' Fs a\-ns\ A-kz-a
- mp-Ibpw Ckvem-an-tev IqSp-X ASp-n-p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
Cusbmcp kw`-h-tmsS Fs a\-ns\ HcpXcw D-I-WvT ]nSn-Iq-Sn. C\nbpw sshIn-bmac-Ws
- a-m\pw ]nSnIq-Sn-bmFs Ah Fm-Ip-sa Nn Fn ]pIbm-\m-cw-`n-p. CsXs Ddw sISp-n. AtXmsS Fs
amw kplr-p-f
- psS {i-bnepws]p. HSp-hn Fs Ah-I-sfmw Rm Ghpw CjvS-s-Sp kplr-p-ambn
]-p-sh-p. Hcp \nan-jhpw sshImsX X\nv ap-kv-en-am-IW-w AXn\p hgn DmncWw. Gsd Xma-kn-bmsX
A-h AXn-\p kuIcyw Hcpnp. A-s\- Rm
i-lm-Zv sNmn. AXv hm-smcp \nan-j-am-bn-cp-p. hmp-I sImtm A-c- sImtm hWn-m Ignbm- Ah. Cu \nanjw acn-mepw Hpw t]Sn-m-\n-
F \n`-bm-h a\v \ndsb imnbpw kam-[m-\hpw
Po-hn-X
- n-en-t- hsc C{Xbpw ktm-jhpw kwXr-]vXnbpw
tXm-nb Hc-h Fn-ep-m-bn-n-.
Av B kplr-p-sam-nv Cam-ans\ ImWm t]mbXv, Atlw Fs ssI]n-Snv ilm-Z-v hmIyw ]dv X-Xv, Rmt\v sNmn-bXv, Ap apX Rm A\p-`-hnp
h-cp a\xkwXr]vXn... CsXmpw hmp-IsImtm hmNI---sIm-tm ]d--dn-bn-m-\m-hn. Bfp-Ismw
tXm-tfm-Sp-tXmfp tNv Pam-Av \a-kI
v m-c
- n ]p-sImp-tm a-\
- n-ep-m-hp hnImcw.., {]mb-ap-h
- cpw IpnI-fpw ]W-m-c\pw ]Wn-m-c\pw kI-ea
- m-\cpw BZyw hh- BZy-hc
- n-bn kz^vsIn \a-kI
v c
- n-m \np-tm;
C-usbmcp aX-ns A\p-bm-bn-I-msX Htc a\-tkmsS
C-s\ \nm Ign-bn-sv F\n-p-d
- nv ]d-bm-\mIpw.
hn--ip Izp-B, {]hm-NIXncp-ta-\n-bpsS A\p-im-k\w Cs-n H-cn-epw C-s\-sbmcp \n]n\v GtIm-Zc-kmtl-m-Zcyw Im-v kqn-m, kz]v\w ImWm t]mepw a\p-jyv ]p-tam.
96

-e-Im-e--pdw \nv Nnn-m a\-n-em-m-hp-tX-bpp CXv.


C\n hfsc hnNn-{X-amb Hcp Imcyw. Jpdm-\n\n-p D-cWn (2.255) Ifn-bm-n-bmWv {io. tPmkv Fgp-Xn-bX
- v. Fm- Rm ]d-bs, B Hscm D-cW
- n-bn-epv ka-kX
v h
- pw.

(t]Pv 5 \nv XpS)


apt] D-Xn-s\, \ ImWmsX InS--Xns\ kz-X{-Nn-bpsS ^e-ambn Ah Imn--cp-p. e--W-n\m-Wv kzX-{-Nn--I-cp-tSXpw thdn hgn-bneqsS k-cnp--h-cp-tS-Xp-amb B kaq-lw. A]qh-cn A]qh-scmp-a-. hnh-c-t-Sn Dun-\n-p-sImv ]d-bp--X-msX
]pXp-Xmbn Fs-nepw sImp-h F{X bpn-hm-Zn-I-fpv. C\n {io. tPmkv sXm-Sp-p ss{]adn kvIqfn t]mbn
Ip-n-It- fmSv kwh-Zn-p-t\m-p-I. Ah-cn IqSp-X t]cnepw
kz-X-{-Nn--bpsS _lnkv^p-cWw ImWmw.
C\n ASp-X
- v. "Fs aXw Fs hnizmkw Fsms
]-db
- m F-hI
- miw Fv. kz-ambn Azm-\ntm ]Ww
ap-S-ntbm kz-am-p--Xn-s\-bmWv Ft-Xv, Fv ]d-bp-'sX-v. AXv icn-Xs
- . Ft-sXv ]d-bm-hp asm-pIq-Sn-bp-.v ]mc-c
- y-ambn ]Iv Inp `uXn-Ia
- mb hkvXph-l-I-sfbpw Ft-sXv ]d-bpw. aXhpw hnizm-khpw ]mc-cy- a
- mbn ]Ip-In-p _unI kzm-Wv an tPmkv.
ASp-X
- mbn: ""BIm-i
- n\pw `qan-p-a
- pdw IS-m
im-kv{X{]-] t_m[-amWv Apw Cpw Fm aX--p-ap-X
- v'' hf-sc icn-bm-Wv. Apw Cpw am{X-a Fpw
A-X--s\-X-s-bm-bn-cn-pw. BIm-i-n\pw `qan-bvp-a-pd-ap Fs-nepw Hn-s\-]-n- ]dp Xcn-Itbm Imn-cn-Itbm sNmtam Xm?
ASp-X
- mbn bpnlo\-Xb
- p-sSbpw Adn-hn-m-bvab
- p-sSbp-w _lnkv^p-c-Ww. ]S--hs\ ]S--h-\mcv? {io. tPmkv
A-Xv Hcp CnWn _ey ]S--h-\-. A-s\-sbmcp ]Sv
\-S
- n-n-. AXv a\-n-em-m Adnhv thWw. kzX{Nn
th-Ww. {]]-tm]-n-tbm-sSm-hpw AXn-\p-ti-jh
- p-amWv
Imew (Time) Bcw-`n--Xv. Ime-n Dun-\n-p-sImv
Nnn-X
- p-sIm-mWv C-s\-sbmcp tNmZyw hcm Imc-Ww.
e-Im-e- Cm Hn-s\-p-dnv Nnn-p-t\m-p-I.
C--se-Itfm \msf-Itfm Cm Hv. Imew _m[-I-a-m-Xn\v Bcw-`hpw Ah-km-\hpw _m[-Ia
-
- . ssZhw, F-spw D-m-bn-cp--h\pw Dm-bn-cn-p--h\pw BWv Fv.
B-cw-`-n ]d aqv [-n-eq-sSbpw ]d-n-p-v.

H-- {]-XnH-c-p- h-j-t-vc-p- h-j-t-v

----

{]hm-NI\n-bpsS asm-c-[ymbw
ss^k sI.]n Acq
am\y-Xb
- psS Fm AXnh-c
- p-Ifpw ewLnpsIm-p
ss]im-Nn-Ia
- mb Zqjy-hX
-
v c
- W
-
- n-eqsS apl-Zv \_nsb
Hcn-qSn \nIr-jvS-amb coXn-bn `n--s-n-cn-p-Ibm-Wv. C-skkv Hm^v apkvenwkv F kn\n-a-bn-eqsS
tI-hew Hcp hnai\w F Xe-n\nv _lp-Zqcw amdn
ln-wkm-Ihpw Incm-X-hp-amb Nn{Xo-I-c-W-n-eqsS ]cn-lkn-p-Ibpw A]-lk
- n-p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm-mWv Ckvemans i{Xp- X-fpsS Cujyw Xom {ian-p-X
- v.
Zpcq-l-X-I-fpsS Hcp \nc-Xs Cu hnhmZkn\n-a-bpsS
]n-m-p-dt- v Itm-Sn-p-tm \apv ImWm km[n-pw. Nqj-W-n A[n-jvTn-X-amb A[o-iXz hyh-n-Xnbn-emWv Cs {]hm-NI\n-bpsS thcp-I nXn sNp-Xv. `oI-cX
- b
- psS Idp Ipm-ba
- W
- n Cu Ccp-ns in-Isf aoUnb F am^nb tabv
- nv P\-a[
- y-n Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.
BtKm-fh
- X
- vc
- W
-
- ns t]cn-ep Nqj-W
- n-sbpw
sk-p-e-dn-k-n-sbpw I]-S-ap-J-amWv Cs {]hm-N-I\n-b
- psS "kphn-ti-Iv' D-Xv. P\-ka
- qlw CXv Xncn-d
- nbp-Ib
- mWv th-Xv. Ccw k`-f
- n Imcp-Wy-n-sbp-w \oXn-bp-sSbpw aIp-tSm-Zm-lc
- W
- a
- mb {]hm-NI
- a
- m-Xr-Ib
- mWv
ap-kvenw-I- A\p-[mh\w sNt--Xv. adnv A{I-am-k-cm-hp-I-b-.
""Ah-\mWv (A-m-lp) kamhpw kXy-aX
- h
- p-ambn Xs ZqXs\ Ab--h. Fm aX--sfbpw AXv AXn-P-bnp--Xm-hm thn, _lp-ssZhhnizm-kn-Iv A\n-jvSI-c-am-bmepw icn (Izp-B 9:33)

15
180
360

P.B. No:1981, Vyttila, Cochin-682019, Tel: 0484 2301275, 04842301576, Fax: 04842301175
2013 P\phcn

97

Ie-dp-I a-dn-p-tm...
\n Amlpsh kqnpI. Hmtcm hynbpw Xm \msfv
A-""kXyhnizmknItf,
_q-A-aothn Fsmcp apsmcpamWv sNbvXpshnpsXv t\mnsms. \n
Amlpsh kqnpI. Xobmbpw Amlp \n {]hnpXns\ ]n
kqvam\aph\mIpp.'' (59:18)

Hmtcm h-jw A-hK


- W
- n-v ]pXn-b hjw h-s-p-X
- n-\v ap-t X-s ]pXnb I-e--dp-I kw-L-Sn-n-m\pw Np-acp-I Xq-p-hm\pw \mw {i-n-m-dpv.
F-m Hmtcm I-e
- d- p-I
- am-dp-tm-gp- wA-Xnse Hmtcm t]-Pp-I a-dn-bp-tmgpw
\-ap-v ]-S-X-p-cm Cu temI-v \n-bn- B-bp-kns Hm-tcm G-Sp-I-fp-amWv No-s
- -Sp-Xv. \-ap-v k-c
- n-v Xom-\p- Zq-c
- ns Hmtcm \m-gn-I
- pI-fp-am-Wv \mw ]n-np-sIm-n-cn-p-Xv.
I-gnp-t]m-b Zn-\c
- m-{X- \-ap-v Xncn-v h-cn-I-bn-. \--s- B-bp-v hos-Sp-p-hm\pw \-ap-v km-[n-p-Ib
- n.
""Hmtcm kapZmbn\pw Hmtcm Ah-[nbpv. As\ AhcpsS Ah[n
h-snbm Ah Hcp \mgnI t\cw
t]m-epw sshInpItbm, t\cs Bp-Itbm C.'' (7:34)
a-dn-v \-p-sS ap-n A-ht- i-jn-p Htc-sbm-cp am-Kw \-p-sS I-gn-Ime Po-hnX-s ]p-\x]cn-tim-[n-m\pw
hn-eb
- n-cp-m\pw sX-pI Xn-cp-n, Ipd--hp-I \nI-n \-b
- p-sS ]m-Xb
- n-eq-sS
ap-tdp-I F-p- amWv. \mw sN-bvXp-t]mb Xn--I-fp-sSbpw \-ap-v ]n-b ]m-fn-I-fp-sSbpw t]-cn D-S\-Sn ]n-Sn-p in-np-I F- co-Xn k-h-i-\m-b ]-S-h- kzo-I-cn-n-n. a-dn-v Xn-cp-m\pw
\-m-hm\pw A-h \-ap-v A-h-k-c-fn- \-In-bn-cn-pp. th-Ws
- a-n \m-hm\pw A-X No-b
- nX-s Xp-Scp-hm\pw \-ap-n-tm A-hk
- c
- a
- pv. AXp-]t- bm-Ks
- -Sp-m-sX A-{i-cpw A-ey-cp-am-bn ap-tm-v K-an-m Xo-m Xo-cm sImSpw tJ-Z
- nepw \-
- n-

-ep-am-bn-cnpw \mw sN-s-pI.


Am-lp ]-d-bp-p: ""Amlp a\pjy-sc AhcpsS A{Iaw aqew (DS\Sn)
]n-SnIqSnbncpsn `qapJv bmsXmcp Ppshbpw Ah hntpam-bn-cpn-. Fm \nWnXamb Hcp Ah[n hsc Ah Ahv kabw \onsIm-SppIbmWv sNpXv. As\
A-hcpsS Ah[n hm Hcp \mgnI
t\-cw t]mepw Ahv sshInm
B-hpIbn. AhXv t\scs-bmm-\pw Ignbn.'' (16:61)
A-Xn-\m Hmtcm h-jhpw \-tm-Sv
hn-S ]-db
- p-tm \q-dp-h- s
- a-nepw \mw
\-tm-SpX-s tNm-Zn-pI. Cu h-jw
F-\n-v A-\p-Iq-etam? {]-Xn-Iq-etam? Hmtc-m am-ks
- -p-dnpw A Hmtcm Zn-hk-s-p-dnpw A-{]-Im-cw hn-iI
- e-\w
sN-m\pw hn-eb
- n-cp-m\pw km-[n-p-h-cm-Wv b-Ym-Y hn-Pb
- nI. tIh-ew `uXn-Iam-b em` \
-
- -sf Ip-dn-v am-{X-a B-Xy-n-Ia
- m-b ]m-c{- Xn-IPo-hn-X
- nse- P-b]
- c
- m-Pb
- -sf Ip-dn-m-bn-cn-W
- w
k-Xy-hn-izm-kn k-Zm {i-n-t-X
- v. I-gn h-j
- f
- n-se ]-e Zn-hk
-
- f
- n-em-bn
]-e k--`
- f
- n \-f
- n-\n-v hn-v ]ncnp-t]m-b F-{X-sb-{X-bm-fpI!
A-hs
- cm-sbpw X-f
- p-sS I-a
- ns temI-v \n-v hn-Nm-c-W-bp-sSbpw
{]-Xn-^-e-n-sbpw tem-I-t-v bm{X-bmbn. A-dnhpw I-gnhpw k-
- X
- bpw
k-ma
- -Yyhpw F-p-th- Fmw Fmw
]-S- d-n-s ap-n tNmZyw sN--en\v hn-t[-ba
- m-Ipw. A-v A-h I-\n-cpfn-b Cu A-\p-{Kl--sfm-s G-Xv
am--K-n \mw sN-e-h-gn-p F--Xn-\-

2013 P\phcn

98

\p-k-cn-m-bn-cnpw hn-P-bhpw ]-cm-P-bhp-w \n-W-bn--s-Sp-I. \m-Ym, k-Xy-n\pw \o-Xnpw thn am-{X-ta \o


F-\n-v I-\n-c
- pfn-b A-\p-{K-l-sf
Rm hn\n-tbm-Kn-n-p-q F-v B-mY-am-bn ]-d-bm km-[n-p--h-v a-\-am-[m-\t- m-sS im-n-bp-sS `-h\
- am-b
kz-K
- n-te-v ]-d
- p-bc
- mw. Iq-p-sI-pI-fp-sSbpw _-
- f
- p-sSbpw t]-cn X-n-apw A-\o-Xnpw Iq-p-\n-t-n hn-p-s-n A-v sIm-Spw t- J-Z
- m
ssI I-Sn-t-n h-cp-sa-v IzpB \s Xm-o-Xv sN-pp.
""A{Iaw sNbvXh Xs ssII
I-Snp Znhkw. Ah ]dbpw dkqens IqsS Rms\mcp amKw kzoIcnn-cpsn F{X \mbncpts\, F-s
IjvSta! C Bsf Rm kp-lr-mbn kzoIcnnnm-bncps-n- F-{X \-mbncpts\. F\nv t_m[\w hp-InnbXn\v tijw AXn \nh
F-s sXnpIfphtm. ]nimNv a\p-jys\ ssIhnpIfbph\mIpp''
(25:27-29)
A-Xn-\m \mw Hm-tcm-cp-cpw ]p-\x]cn-tim-[n-p-I. \--m-cn s]p-t]mIm-Xn-cn-m B-m-Y-am-bn {i-n-pI. {]m-Yn-p-I. Am-lp ]-db
- p-p: ""Imew XsbmWv kXyw, Xobmbpw a\pjy- \jvSn XsbmIpp; hnizkn-pIbpw kIa {]h-np-Ibpw, kXyw ssIsmm A-t\ym\yw D]tZinpIbpw a ssI-sm-m At\ym\yw D]tZin-p-Ib
- p-w sNbvX
- hscmgnsI.'' (103:13)