Consider these Swedish noun forms: en lampa en stol en tidning en bil en soffa en katt “a lamp” “a chair” “a newspaper” “a car” “a sofa” “a cat” lampan stolen tidningaren bilen soffan katten “the lamp” “the chair” “the newspapers” “the car” “the sofa” “the cat”

lampor astolar tidningar bilar soffor kattar a. b. c. d. e. f. 2. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) a.

“lamps” “chairs” “newspapers” “cars” “sofas” “cats”

lamporna stolarna tidningarna bilarna sofforna kattarna

“the lamps” “the chairs” “the newspapers” “the cars” “the sofas” “the cats”

What is the Swedish word for the indefinite article a (or an)? What are the two forms of the plural morpheme in these data? How can you tell which plural form applies? What are the two forms of the morpheme that make a singular word definite, that is, correspond to the English article the? What is the morpheme that makes a plural word definite? In what order do the various suffixes occur when there is more than one? If en flicka is “a girl,” what are the forms for “girls,” “the girl,” and “the girls”?

Examine the following data from Swahili, a language spoken in East Africa, and answer the questions that follow. Atanipenda Atakupenda Atampenda Atatupenda Atawapenda Nitakupenda Nitampenda Nitawapenda Utanipenda Utampenda Tutampenda Watampenda Atakusumbua Unamsumbua s/he will like me s/he will like you s/he will like him s/he will like us s/he will like them i will like you i will like him I will like them you will like me you will like him we will like him they will like him s/he will annoy you you are annoying him 15. Atanipiga 16. Atakupiga 17. Atampiga 18. Ananipiga 19. Anakupiga 20. Anampiga 21. Amekupiga 22. Amenipiga 23. Amempiga 24. Alinipiga 25. Alikupiga 26. Alimpiga 27. Wametulipa 28. Tulikulipa s/he will beat me s/he will beat me s/he will beat him s/he is beating me s/he is beating you s/he is beating him s/he has beaten you s/he has beaten me s/he has beaten him s/he beat me s/he beat you s/he beat him they have paid us we paid you

Give the Swahili morphemes for the following English translations ___________ 1. I ___________ 10. future marker ___________ 2. past marker ___________ 11. beat ___________ 3. Annoy ___________ 12. pay ___________ 4. Me ___________ 13. you (if dir. obj.) ___________ 5. Us ___________ 14. like ___________ 6. present perfect ___________ 15. They ___________ 7. present progressive ___________ 16. s/he ___________ 8. We ___________ 17. Him/her ___________ 9. You ___________ 18. them What is the order of morphemes in Swahili (in terms of subject, object, verb, and tense)? Give the following Swahili word for the following English translations: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. I have beaten them. They are beating me. They have annoyed me. You have beaten us. We beat them. I am paying him.

b. c.


Give the English translation for the following Swahili words: 1. 2. 3. 4. Atanilipa Walikupenda Utawapiga Nimemsumbua

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