110TH CONGRESS 1st Session

"

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

!

DOCUMENT No. 110–50

THE

CONSTITUTION
OF THE

UNITED STATES
OF AMERICA
As Amended

Unratified Amendments Analytical Index

E PL

UR

IB U
S

PRESENTED BY MR. BRADY OF PENNSYLVANIA
July 25, 2007 • Ordered to be printed

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON: 2007
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; DC area (202) 512-1800 Fax: (202) 512-2104 Mail: Stop IDCC, Washington, DC 20402-001 [ISBN 978–0–16–079091–1]

cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING

U

NU

M

VerDate Aug 31 2005

11:11 Dec 10, 2007

Jkt 036932

PO 00000

Frm 00001

Fmt 5229

Sfmt 5229

E:\HR\OC\36932.XXX

36932

E:\seals\congress.#15

House Doc. 110–50 The printing of the revised version of The Constitution of the United States of America As Amended (Document Size) is hereby ordered pursuant to H. Con. Res. 190 as passed on July 25, 2007, 110th Congress, 1st Session. This document was compiled at the direction of Chairman Robert A. Brady of the Joint Committee on Printing, and printed by the U.S. Government Printing Office.

cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING

(ii)

VerDate Aug 31 2005

11:19 Dec 10, 2007

Jkt 036932

PO 00000

Frm 00002

Fmt 7601

Sfmt 7601

E:\HR\OC\932.CC

932

CONTENTS Historical Note ......................................................................................................... Text of the Constitution .......................................................................................... Amendments ............................................................................................................ Proposed Amendments Not Ratified ...................................................................... Index to the Constitution and Amendments ......................................................... v 1 13 29 33

cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING

(III)

VerDate Aug 31 2005

11:19 Dec 10, 2007

Jkt 036932

PO 00000

Frm 00003

Fmt 5904

Sfmt 5904

E:\HR\OC\932.CC

932

cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING

VerDate Aug 31 2005

11:19 Dec 10, 2007

Jkt 036932

PO 00000

Frm 00004

Fmt 5229

Sfmt 5229

E:\HR\OC\932.CC

932

Insert 36932A.000

executive. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.CC 932 . provided for a union of the former British colonies. 1787. Representatives of Maryland and Virginia. and judicial branches was a boldly original attempt to create an energetic central government at the same time that the sovereignty of the people was preserved. Although delegates from only five States reached the Annapolis Convention. The 39 delegates who signed the Constitution on September 17. meeting at Mt. 1787. or enforce treaties. Throughout the summer months at the Convention in Philadelphia. that group issued a call for a meeting of all States to discuss necessary revisions of the Articles of Confederation.cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING The Delegates who convened at the Federal Convention on May 25. Despite repeated proposals that the Continental Congress revise the Articles. particularly those involved in the prosecution of the Revolutionary War. Responding to this call and the endorsement of the Continental Congress. In the 1780s these nationally-minded Americans became increasingly disturbed by the Articles’ failure to provide the central government with authority to raise revenue. delegates from 12 States debated the proper form such a government should take. quickly rejected the idea of revising the Articles of Confederation and agreed to construct a new framework for a national government. the Articles of Confederation. agreed to invite delegates from all States to discuss commercial affairs at a meeting in Annapolis. The document printed here was the product of nearly four months of deliberations in the Federal Convention at Philadelphia. every State except Rhode Island selected delegates for the meeting in the State House at Philadelphia. Even before Maryland became the last State to accede to the Articles in 1781. The challenging task before the delegates was to create a republican form of government that could encompass the 13 States and accommodate the anticipated expansion to the West. The longest debate of the Convention centered on the proper form of representation and election for the Congress. Maryland. a number of Americans. regulate commerce. the movement for a new national government began outside the Congress. in September 1786. The distribution of authority between legislative. Prior to the adoption of the Federal Constitution. but few questioned the need to establish a more vigorous government to preside over the union of States. drafted by the Continental Congress and approved by 13 States. expected the new charter to provide a permanent guarantee of the political liberties achieved in the Revolution. recognized the inadequacies of the Articles as a national government. Vernon to discuss trade problems between the two States. The division between small States that wished to perpetuate the equal representation of States in the Continental Congress and the large States that proposed representation proportional to population threatened (v) VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.

More lasting was the division between slave and free States that had been a disturbing undercurrent in the Convention debates. a number of State conventions ratified the Constitution with the request that a bill of rights be added to protect certain liberties at the core of English and American political traditions. Beginning with Massachusetts.CC 932 . The Convention’s strained attempt to avoid using the word slavery in the articles granting recognition and protection to that institution scarcely hid the regional divisions that would remain unresolved under the terms of union agreed to in 1787. The First Congress approved a set of amendments which became the Bill of Rights when ratified by the States in 1791. The continuing process of amendment.vi HISTORICAL NOTE to bring the Convention proceedings to a halt. has enabled the Constitution to accommodate changing conditions in American society at the same time that the Founders’ basic outline of national government remains intact. clearly described in the note of the following text. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. Over several weeks the delegates developed a complicated compromise that provided for equal representation of the States in a Senate elected by State legislature and proportional representation in a popularly-elected House of Representatives. The debates in the State ratification conventions of 1787 and 1788 made clear the need to provide amendments to the basic framework drafted in Philadelphia. cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. The conflict between large and small States disappeared in the early years of the republic.

New Hampshire. 1788.CC 932 . South Carolina. New York. 1787. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States. 1789. but no action was taken on it. which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. seven States having convened. Maryland. and use their endeavors to procure the concurrence of the other States.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 1 WE THE PEOPLE of the United States. 1788. in the appointment of commissioners to meet at Philadelphia on the second Monday of May following. at a time and place to be agreed upon. North Carolina. with a resolution stating how the proposed Federal Government should Continued cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING (1) VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. and to report to the several States such an act. April 28. and the consideration of the proposed constitution was commenced. fixed the first Monday in September as the time. but only four other States were represented. 1788. May 29. New Jersey. Gerry of Massachusetts. North Carolina. should meet such commissioners as might be appointed in the other States of the Union. Under the circumstances of so partial a representation. January 10. to devise such further provisions as should appear to them necessary to render the Constitution of the Federal Government adequate to the exigencies of the Union. Connecticut. May 23. and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity. 1788. Mason and Randolph. June 25. 1788. Washington and the deputies from 12 States. and it was left to the State Legislatures to proceed in the matter. the Legislature of Virginia passed a resolution providing for the appointment of five commissioners. 1788. promote the general Welfare. and the Legislatures of those States which had not already done so (with the exception of Rhode Island) promptly appointed delegates. Ratification was completed on June 21. in Order to form a more perfect Union. Congress. was unanimously elected President. and were not in the original and have no reference to footnotes. or any three of them. the commissioners appointed by Massachusetts. will enable the United States in Congress effectually to provide for the same. to take into consideration the trade of the United States. and Messrs. The Constitution was subsequently ratified by Virginia. In May 1785. would effectually provide for the same. SECTION 1. New Hampshire. In January 1786. The small superior figures preceding the paragraphs designate clauses. Massachusetts. New York. of Virginia. July 26. to consider how far a uniform system in their commercial regulations may be necessary to their common interest and their permanent harmony. on the 21st of February. The president of the convention transmitted it to Congress. a committee of Congress made a report recommending an alteration in the Articles of Confederation. who. the Constitution as engrossed and agreed upon was signed by all the members present. Rhode Island. do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. as. June 21. and Vermont. 1788. on the following dates: Delaware. 1788. of New York) expressing their unanimous conviction that it might essentially tend to advance the interests of the Union if the States by which they were respectively delegated would concur. 1787. adopted a resolution in favor of a convention. ARTICLE I. and to report such an act for that purpose to the United States in Congress assembled as. insure domestic Tranquility. relative to this great object. 1787. of Virginia. On the 25th of May. Pennsylvania. to take into consideration the situation of the United States. and Pennsylvania. November 21. and Rhode Island failed to attend. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. the commissioners present agreed upon a report (drawn by Mr. 1787. January 2. December 18. The Constitution was adopted by a convention of the States on September 17. viz: Delaware. December 12. after some correspondence. except Mr. February 6. George Washington. Georgia. 1787. 1787. 1791. On the 17th of September. 1790. Hamilton. December 7. and was subsequently ratified by the several States. January 9. provide for the common defence. 1788. when ratified by them. New Jersey. when agreed to by them and afterwards confirmed by the Legislatures of every State. and the city of Annapolis as the place for the meeting. 1 This text of the Constitution follows the engrossed copy signed by Gen. establish Justice. The Virginia commissioners.

February 6. which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons. be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. so that one third may be chosen every be put in operation. when elected. with the resolutions and letter concerning the same. cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. New Jersey four. and New York. July 26. 1790. South Carolina five. directed the Constitution so framed. January 2. the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three. including those bound to Service for a Term of Years. 1788. 1790. it had been ratified by the conventions chosen in each State to consider it. ratified the Constitution January 10. and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States. January 9. 1788. and he informed Congress on the 1st of June. Virginia ten. 1788. in conformity to the resolves of the convention. Connecticut. 1788. chosen by the Legislature thereof 3 for six Years. Pennsylvania eight. that North Carolina had ratified the Constitution November 21. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. according to their respective Numbers. Maryland. to ‘‘be transmitted to the several Legislatures in order to be submitted to a convention of delegates chosen in each State by the people thereof. South Carolina. that Rhode Island had ratified the Constitution May 29. April 28. and an explanatory letter. on the 28th of September. The President informed Congress. and within every subsequent Term of ten Years.2 The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States. and Georgia three. ‘‘received and admitted into this Union as a new and entire member of the United States. but each State shall have at Least one Representative. December 12. 3 Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union. 4 When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year. 1788. North Carolina five. New York six. in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year. 2 Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election. 1788. Virginia. as follows: Delaware. Connecticut five. and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature. June 21.’’ On the 4th of March. 1790. on the 28th of January. December 18. Congress. the day which had been fixed for commencing the operations of Government under the new Constitution. by an act of Congress approved February 18. June 25. 1787. New Hampshire. 1787. and was. 1 The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States. Delaware one. Massachusetts eight. 1789. in convention. 5 The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers. Georgia. and who shall not. and until such enumeration shall be made. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand.2 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES SECTION 2. Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one. Maryland six. 1787. 1788. New Jersey. SECTION 3. 1791. they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes.CC 932 . Vermont. 1787. 2 No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years. and as to taxes on incomes without apportionment by amendment XVI. three fifths of all other Persons. Pennsylvania. of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year. Massachusetts. 3 This clause has been affected by clause 1 of amendment XVII. 1788. December 7. May 23. 1 The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State. 1789. 1791. the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.’’ 2 The part of this clause relating to the mode of apportionment of representatives among the several States has been affected by section 2 of amendment XIV. and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment. and excluding Indians not taxed. and each Senator shall have one Vote.

2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. shall. and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business. Judgment and Punishment. SECTION 4.CC 932 . 2 The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December. 2 Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings. be entered on the Journal. adjourn for more than three days. which shall then fill such Vacancies. and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall. in such Manner. 4 The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate. excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy. 1 The Times. 1 The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services. 7 Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office. during the Session of Congress. when elected. without the Consent of the other. and if Vacancies happen by Resignation or otherwise. and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members. 3 Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings. Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment. When sitting for that Purpose.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 3 second Year. and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor. but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day.4 3 No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years. 4 Neither House. the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present. or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States. 1 Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections. nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. 6 The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. and from time to time publish the same. unless they be equally divided. and under such Penalties as each House may provide. expel a Member. according to Law. and also a President pro tempore. clause has been affected by amendment XX. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. except as to the Places of chusing Senators. SECTION 5. shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof. and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States. and cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 4 This 5 This clause has been affected by clause 2 of amendment XVIII. with the Concurrence of two thirds. at the Desire of one fifth of those Present. the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature. punish its Members for disorderly Behavior. Returns and Qualifications of its own Members. in the Absence of the Vice President. and who shall not. to be ascertained by Law. be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen. and.5 unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day. When the President of the United States is tried. SECTION 6. but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations. 5 The Senate shall chuse their other Officers. Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives. Trial. they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. during the Recess of the Legislature of any State. but shall have no Vote.

unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yeas and Nays. be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses. and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States. but all Duties. 3 Every Order. with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated. be presented to the President of the United States. by which it shall likewise be reconsidered. Resolution. and if approved by two thirds of that House. SECTION 8.6 They shall in all Cases. except Treason. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him. 4 To establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization. regulate the Value thereof. Felony and Breach of the Peace. in which Case it shall not be a Law. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill. shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office. who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal. but if not he shall return it. shall. and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. which shall have been created. and proceed to reconsider it. Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States. to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States. in like Manner as if he had signed it. shall be approved by him. Duties. and in going to and returning from the same. they shall not be questioned in any other Place. or being disapproved by him. shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives. 3 To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations. it shall be sent. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. Imposts and Excises. 2 Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate.4 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING paid out of the Treasury of the United States. the Same shall be a Law. and of foreign Coin. according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill. and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures. and for any Speech or Debate in either House. 2 To borrow Money on the credit of the United States. during the Time for which he was elected. 5 To coin Money. 2 No Senator or Representative shall. SECTION 7. and with the Indian Tribes. or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States. it shall become a Law. or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time. but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills. and no Person holding any Office under the United States. together with the Objections. 6 This clause has been affected by amendment XXVII. to the other House.CC 932 . and before the Same shall take Effect. before it become a Law. be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. and among the several States. 1 The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes. If he approve he shall sign it. 1 All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives.

and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be. 12 To raise and support Armies. arming. grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal. and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States. shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 5 6 To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States. 8 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts. SECTION 9. suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions. not exceeding ten dollars for each Person. and Offences against the Law of Nations. reserving to the States respectively. and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States. and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress. 7 To establish Post Offices and post Roads. 9 To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court. and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water. Tax shall be laid. 17 To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever. but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years. or in any Department or Officer thereof. but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation. 1 The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit. and other needful buildings. and disciplining. 11 To declare War. over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may. 6 No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 7 This clause has been affected by amendment XVI. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. or other direct. Arsenals.—And 18 To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers. become the Seat of the Government of the United States. Magazines. unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken. 16 To provide for organizing. unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it. 3 No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed. and the Acceptance of Congress. 2 The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended. for the Erection of Forts. 14 To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces. the Appointment of the Officers.7 5 No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State. the Militia. 15 To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union.CC 932 . 10 To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. by Cession of particular States. 13 To provide and maintain a Navy. dock-Yards. by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries. 4 No Capitation.

lay any Duty of Tonnage. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. and.CC 932 . Office. make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts. shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for. The President of the Senate shall. chosen for the same Term. emit Bills of Credit. which List they shall sign and certify. a Number of Electors. and have an equal Number of Votes. and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time. shall be appointed an Elector. 2 No State shall. Alliance. laid by any State on Imports or Exports. lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports. or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts. except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts. 1 No State shall enter into any Treaty. pass any Bill of Attainder. as follows 2 Each State shall appoint. or from. executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. Prince. or Ships of War in time of Peace. enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State. directed to the President of the Senate. then the House of Representatives shall 1 The cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. unless actually invaded. or Confederation. in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives. or with a foreign Power. be elected. 8 No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them. keep Troops. or engage in War. ex post facto Law. coin Money. but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law. of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed. and the Votes shall then be counted. be obliged to enter. SECTION 10. without the Consent of the Congress. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President. of any kind whatever. clear. 7 No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury. shall. without the Consent of Congress. 3 The Electors shall meet in their respective States. or pay Duties in another. one State. or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years. open all the Certificates. grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal. from any King. or Title. 3 No State shall. and vote by Ballot for two Persons. accept of any present. Emolument. ARTICLE II. and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States. and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Control of the Congress. or foreign State. together with the Vice President. without the Consent of the Congress. SECTION 1. or grant any Title of Nobility. and of the Number of Votes for each.6 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES Vessels bound to. in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct. or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States. equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative. and if there be more than one who have such Majority.

or a President shall be elected. at stated Times. then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. the Votes shall be taken by States. 6 In Case of the Removal of the President from Office. Death.’’ SECTION 2. he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—‘‘I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States. and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. receive for his Services. of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments. Resignation. But in chusing the President. which Day shall be the same throughout the United States. by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate. and of the Militia of the several States.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 7 immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President.8 4 The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors. and such Officer shall act accordingly. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes. except in Cases of Impeachment. the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President. at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution. when called into the actual Service of the United States. or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. In every Case. and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States.9 the Same shall devolve on the Vice President. and the Day on which they shall give their Votes. and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States. shall appoint Ambassadors. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. declaring what Officer shall then act as President. 5 No Person except a natural born Citizen. until the Disability be removed. a Compensation. and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal. both of the President and Vice President. 8 Before he enter on the Execution of his Office. A quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States. provided two thirds of the Senators present concur. shall be eligible to the Office of President. or a Citizen of the United States. preserve. 1 The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States. and he shall nominate. and if no Person have a Majority. he may require the Opinion. 7 The President shall. and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate. clause has been affected by amendment XXV. which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected. neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years. or any of them. 2 He shall have Power. protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. Resignation or Inability.CC 932 . after the Choice of the President. other pubcprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 8 This 9 This clause has been superseded by amendment XII. to make Treaties. or of his Death. and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States. and will to the best of my Ability. the Representation from each State having one Vote. upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices. in writing.

other public Ministers and Consuls. 1 The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases. in Law and Equity.CC 932 . In all the other Cases before mentioned. and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make. shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for. the Laws of the United States. 3 The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate. he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper. and all other Officers of the United States. The judicial Power of the United States. whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for. or either of them. under their Authority. and shall. and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed. he may. with Respect to the Time of Adjournment. and Conviction of. arising under this Constitution.—between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States. on extraordinary Occasions. and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers. receive for their Services. SECTION 4. convene both Houses. The Judges. or which shall be made. in the President alone. and foreign States. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. The President. Bribery.—to all Cases affecting Ambassadors. ARTICLE III. by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session. and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. or in the Heads of Departments. a Compensation. shall be by Jury.—to Controversies between two or more States. shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour.—to Controversies to which the United States will be a party. 3 The Trial of all Crimes. other public Ministers and Consuls.—to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction. 10—between Citizens of different States. and Treaties made. SECTION 3. Treason. and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States. at stated Times. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. and those in which a State shall be Party. 2 In all Cases affecting Ambassadors. in the Courts of Law. He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union.8 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES lic Ministers and Consuls. Judges of the supreme Court. except in Cases of Impeachment. he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers. which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office. both as to Law and Fact. and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient. SECTION 2. shall be vested in one supreme Court. as they think proper. and between a State. SECTION 1. he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed. Citizens or Subjects. with such Exceptions.—between a State and Citizens of another State. or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors. and in Case of Disagreement between them. but when not committed 10 This cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING clause has been affected by amendment XI. Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States. both of the supreme and inferior Courts. or the Citizens thereof. the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction.

2 The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States. shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments. shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled. giving them Aid and Comfort. Records. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. and the Effect thereof. or of any particular State.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 9 within any State. SECTION 4. under the Laws thereof. The Congress. and judicial Proceedings of every other State. the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed. SECTION 2. Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts. or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted. but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State. without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress. be delivered up. 3 No Person held to Service or Labour in one State. who shall flee from Justice. whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government. 2 The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason. or on Confession in open Court. escaping into another. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00015 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due. and be found in another State. to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime. 1 Treason against the United States. or. or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence. cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 11 This clause has been affected by amendment XIII. Records and Proceedings shall be proved.11 SECTION 3. or other Crime. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts. which. SECTION 1. on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States. 1 New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union. but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood. shall consist only in levying War against them. 2 A Person charged in any State with Treason.CC 932 . in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein. ARTICLE V. nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act. be discharged from such Service or Labour. SECTION 3. or in adhering to their Enemies. shall. or Parts of States. 1 The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States. and shall protect each of them against Invasion. shall propose Amendments to this Constitution. ARTICLE IV. and on Application of the Legislature. Felony. and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States.

before the Adoption of this Constitution.10 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES in either Case. or by Conventions in three fourths thereof. and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof. DONE in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth IN WITNESS whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names. Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article. ARTICLE VI. but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States. any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding. shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same. and that no State. and all Treaties made. or which shall be made. shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate. shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution. and deputy from Virginia cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. to support this Constitution. and the Members of the several State Legislatures. 2 This Constitution. The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States. shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation. 1 All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into. shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes. WASHINGTON—Presidt. when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00016 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. GO. as Part of this Constitution.CC 932 . and all executive and judicial Officers. as under the Confederation. as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress. 3 The Senators and Representatives before mentioned. without its Consent. both of the United States and of the several States. ARTICLE VII. shall be the supreme Law of the Land. under the Authority of the United States. and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby.

] Delaware GEO: READ GUNNING BEDFORD JOHN DICKINSON RICHARD BASSETT JACO: BROOM Maryland JAMES MCHENRY DAN OF ST THOS JENIFER DANL CARROLL Virginia New York JOHN BLAIR JAMES MADISON JR.CC 932 . North Carolina WM BLOUNT RICHD.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 11 [Signed also by the deputies of twelve States. SAML. RUTLEDGE CHARLES COTESWORTH PINCKNEY CHARLES PINCKNEY PIERCE BUTLER Georgia WILLIAM FEW ABR BALDWIN B FRANKLIN THOMAS MIFFLIN ROBT MORRIS GEO. CLYMER THOS. JOHNSON ROGER SHERMAN South Carolina Attest: WILLIAM JACKSON Secretary cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. PATERSON JONA: DAYTON Pennsylvania J. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00017 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. FITZSIMONS JARED INGERSOLL JAMES WILSON GOUV MORRIS JUN New Hampshire JOHN LANGDON NICHOLAS GILMAN Massachusetts NATHANIEL GORHAM RUFUS KING Connecticut WM. DOBBS SPAIGHT HU WILLIAMSON ALEXANDER HAMILTON New Jersey WIL: LIVINGSTON DAVID BREARLEY WM.

2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00018 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.CC 932 .

1790. nor in time of war. Ratification was completed on December 15. November 20. and effects. and 16th articles of amendment had numbers assigned to them at the time of ratification. November 3. 1789. and the persons or things to be seized. Georgia. 1790. 1790. or otherwise infamous crime. 1790. January 25. 1789. houses.] 13 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. one of which failed of ratification and the other which later became the 27th amendment) were proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the First Congress on September 25. December 15.] The right of the people to be secure in their persons. February 24. and particularly describing the place to be searched. or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. December 19. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 1939. AND AMENDMENT OF. and no Warrants shall issue. January 19. but in a manner to be prescribed by law. Rhode Island. and Virginia. March 2. New Hampshire. June 7. Maryland. Delaware.ARTICLES IN ADDITION TO. PURSUANT TO THE FIFTH ARTICLE OF THE ORIGINAL CONSTITUTION 12 ARTICLE [I. ARTICLE [V. March 10. 1789. 1791.CC 932 . 14th. 13 Only the 13th. North Carolina. April 19. January 28. and the notifications of ratification by the Governors thereof were successively communicated by the President to Congress: New Jersey.] No person shall be held to answer for a capital. 15th. 1791. ARTICLE [III. supported by Oath or affirmation. shall not be violated. and Connecticut. against unreasonable searches and seizures. South Carolina. without the consent of the Owner. New York. The amendments were subsequently ratified by the legislatures of Massachusetts. or abridging the freedom of speech. The first ten amendments were ratified by the following States. 1939. of the right of the people peaceably to assemble. except in cases arising in the land or naval forces. being necessary to the security of a free State. ARTICLE [IV. unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury. AND RATIFIED BY THE LEGISLATURES OF THE SEVERAL STATES. December 22. ARTICLE [II. 1790. Pennsylvania.] No Soldier shall. cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING (13) VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. but upon probable cause. PROPOSED BY CONGRESS. 1939. or of the press. 1791. the right of the people to keep and bear Arms. March 18. 1789. Vermont. shall not be infringed. and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. 1790. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00019 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.] A well regulated Militia. or in the 12 The first ten amendments of the Constitution of the United States (and two others. papers. in time of peace be quartered in any house.

the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial. November 29. and was declared in a message from the President to Congress. March 31.CC 932 . to have been ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the States. Rhode Island. 1794. December 7. 1794. or to the people. when in actual service in time of War or public danger. commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State. to be confronted with the witnesses against him. March 27. ARTICLE [XI. than according to the rules of the common law. Virginia. Massachusetts. The dates of ratification were: New York. nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself. nor excessive fines imposed. June 16. ARTICLE [X. 1794. New Hampshire. Georgia. on the 4th of March 1794. the right of trial by jury shall be preserved. by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed. 1794. nor shall private property be taken for public use. dated the 8th of January.] In Suits at common law.] The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution.14 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES Militia. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00020 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. 1794 and November 9. November 18. shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. or property. ARTICLE [VIII. which district shall have been previously ascertained by law. shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States. and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. 1794. 1794. without due process of law. between October 9. ARTICLE [VI. and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation. 1794. 1794. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING The eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Third Congress. nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. June 26. Connecticut. ARTICLE [VII.] The enumeration in the Constitution. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State. of certain rights.] Excessive bail shall not be required. Kentucky. and no fact tried by a jury. May 8. Vermont. are reserved to the States respectively. to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor. where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars. nor be deprived of life.] The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity. nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb. liberty. without just compensation.] In all criminal prosecutions. ARTICLE [IX. nor prohibited by it to the States. 1798.

1804. and of all persons voted for as Vice-President. on the 9th of December. ARTICLE [XII. February 7.—The person having the greatest number of votes for President. and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President. then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President. 1804. January 23. But in choosing the President. Vermont. the representation from each state having one vote. the House of Representatives shall choose immediately. December 27. 1804. if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed. then from the two highest numbers on the list. the Senate shall choose the Vice-President. as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives. and if no person have a majority. and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President. The amendment was subsequently ratified by South Carolina on December 4. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION The twelfth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Eighth Congress. New Jersey. North Carolina. and was declared in a proclamation of the Secretary of State. then the Vice-President shall act as President. Virginia. which lists they shall sign and certify. the votes shall be taken by states. directed to the President of the Senate. a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators. Delaware. December 26. March cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 14 This sentence has been superseded by section 3 of amendment XX. to have been ratified by the legislatures of 13 of the 17 States. before the fourth day of March next following. 1803. January 30. and if no person have such majority. and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. Ohio. December 24. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States. open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted. dated the 25th of September. shall be the Vice-President. February 3. shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 15 1794. if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed. one of whom. in lieu of the original third paragraph of the first section of the second article. Rhode Island. by ballot. they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President. January 5. and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States. 1795. 1804.14—The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President. New York. 1794. Kentucky. 1803. 1804. December 30. Ratification was completed on February 7. 1797. Maryland. at least. a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. New Jersey and Pennsylvania did not take action on the amendment. December 21. the President. and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President. 1795. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them. and of the number of votes for each. Maryland. February 10. 1803. shall be the President. 1795. February 22.—The President of the Senate shall. 1804.] The Electors shall meet in their respective states. 1803. Pennsylvania. The dates of ratification were: North Carolina. 1803.CC 932 . 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00021 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.

in a proclamation of the Secretary of State. Indiana. ARTICLE XIII. February 3. or the members of the Legislature thereof. to have been ratified by the legislatures of twenty-seven of the thirty-six States. Connecticut. Pennsylvania. except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State. The amendment was rejected by Delaware. Massachusetts. South Carolina. 1804. 1865. December 8. California. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Tennessee. Maryland. 1865. February 3. Michigan. February 3. New York. 1865. April 7. 1865 (Florida again ratified on June 9. 1804. May 19. Representatives in Congress. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers. 1865. or any place subject to their jurisdiction. 1804. July 27. Kentucky. West Virginia. SECTION 2. 1865. Louisiana. 1865. February 12. 1804. 1865. 1865. shall exist within the United States. the Executive and Judicial officers of a State. December 2. 1865. December 4. February 3. 1865. 1870. Florida. 1865). and subject to the jurisdiction thereof. Alabama. February 23. liberty. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 1865. 1865. 1865. and was declared. The dates of ratification were: Illinois. counting the whole number of persons in each State. December 28. April 14. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION The thirteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Thirty-eighth Congress. January 18. 1865. February 1. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00022 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. 1865.CC 932 . All persons born or naturalized in the United States. December 6. excluding Indians not taxed. March 9. or property. February 3. January 15. Massachusetts. SECTION 2. 1865. February 17. Missouri. 1868. February 6. Nevada. February 9. February 7.16 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 12. Minnesota. January 23. 1865. 1866. February 13. December 19. 1865). February 7. 1804. Rhode Island. Kansas. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States. 1865. ARTICLE XIV. 1901 (after having rejected the amendment on February 8. without due process of law. 1804. May 15. 1804. SECTION 1. 1865. Wisconsin. 1866 (after having rejected the amendment on March 16. March 18. upon its adoption of a new constitution). South Carolina. being twenty-one years of cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. 1804. 1865. 1865. November 13. 1865. 1865. dated the 18th of December. Iowa. 1865. February 2. June 15. 1865. 1865. 1865. February 2. Tennessee. 1865). But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States. Georgia. Ratification was completed on December 6. 1865. May 4. Georgia. New Hampshire. 1865. Ohio. Connecticut. December 4. 1865. Delaware. Texas. Maine. on the 31st day of January. Ratification was completed on June 15. 1865. February 18. SECTION 1. 1865. at its session begun May 10. 1976 (after having rejected it on February 24. are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. 1865. February 16. February 7. New Hampshire. nor shall any State deprive any person of life. North Carolina. 1804. February 10. New Jersey. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Oregon. Vermont. February 24. Virginia. Arkansas. The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by Mississippi. nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. July 1.

Delaware. the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. 1868 (after having rejected it on December 14. Ohio. July 19. The validity of the public debt of the United States. 1866). Texas. January 16. or as a member of any State legislature. February 18. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION The fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Thirty-ninth Congress. Tennessee. 1959. and on November 12. Michigan. July 6. 1866. shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same. Oregon. January 15. in a certificate of the Secretary of State dated July 28. except for participation in rebellion. 1867. May 6. or in any way abridged. Iowa. 1870 (after having rejected it on October 27. But Congress may by a vote of twothirds of each House. 1867. 1867. March 16. or under any State. 1867. having previously taken an oath. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00023 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. on the 13th of June. 1867. April 4. West Virginia. February 7. or as an officer of the United States. 1867. including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion. Illinois. Virginia. 1868 (after having rejected it on February 6. 1867. North Carolina. or as an executive or judicial officer of any State. 1868. 1901 (after having rejected it on February 8. 1866. January 10. or hold any office. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Alabama. January 19. 1867). 1867. February 12. 1867). 1976 (after having rejected it on January 8. September 11. and on March 24. 1870. but all such debts. Florida. January 11. New York. April 6. October 8. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States. 1867). 1868).CC 932 . Kansas. who. 1868. Indiana. Maine. SECTION 5. 1866. 1866. The Congress shall have power to enforce. 1869 (after having rejected it on January 9. July 9.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 17 age. July 9. January 16. Ratification was completed on July 9. readopted its resolution of rescission over the Governor’s veto. 1867. January 17. Missouri. or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave. or other crime. 1866). cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 15 See amendment XIX and section 1 of amendment XXVI. Georgia. or elector of President and Vice President. shall not be questioned. October 30. 1866. Kentucky. expressed support for the amendment). VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. remove such disability. Minnesota. Massachusetts. June 9. June 25. March 18. 1867). January 25. under the United States. Arkansas. July 4. It was declared. Rhode Island. the provisions of this article. Nebraska. February 7. 1867. January 16. Wisconsin. authorized by law. New Hampshire. 1867. 1980. January 4. Vermont. July 13. 1868. January 22. March 20. 1867. 1866 (subsequently the legislature rescinded its ratification. Pennsylvania. 1866). New Jersey. 1867 (and rescinded its ratification on January 15. February 12. 1867). by appropriate legislation. 1868. SECTION 3. 1868). South Carolina. Maryland. 1867. July 21. Louisiana. Mississippi. 1868 (after having rejected it on December 20. 1868 (after having rejected it on November 9. The dates of ratification were: Connecticut. or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. September 19.15 and citizens of the United States. to support the Constitution of the United States. 1867. 1959 (after having rejected it on March 23. 1868 to have been ratified by the legislatures of 28 of the 37 States. obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void. 1866). Nevada. California. 1868. 1867. January 23. 1866 (and rescinded its ratification on October 15. civil or military. June 15. SECTION 4. as a member of Congress. 1868.

March 3. 1869. Pennsylvania. Rhode Island. 1913. 1870. February 19. 1870. 1869. in which event ratification was completed on February 17. January 23. 1911. 1910. 1973. Iowa. 1913. Nebraska. 1910. 1910. March 15. 1911. Ratification was completed on February 3. 1869. January 19. February 15. January 13. without apportionment among the several States. February 11. 1909. North Carolina. North Carolina. Kansas. April 7. 1869). Washington. 1869. February 3. Texas. March 10. South Carolina. and was declared. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING The sixteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Sixty-first Congress on the 12th of July. 1911. 1869. New York. to have been ratified by the legislatures of twenty-nine of the thirty-seven States. Georgia. Florida. SECTION 1. 1870. March 1. Iowa. Maine. or previous condition of servitude. 1869. May 7. New Jersey. 1911. February 24. April 8. 1869. March 25. 1869. 1911. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00024 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. 1871 (after having rejected it on February 7. 1870. 1870). July 1. 1912. April 8. on the 26th of February. Maryland having previously rejected it on February 26. Kentucky. 1901 (after having rejected it on March 18. Delaware. Wisconsin. 1869. in a proclamation of the Secretary of State. January 30. March 5. Missouri. January 18. Massachusetts. February 3. August 10. 1869). Oregon. Virginia. unless the withdrawal of ratification by New York was effective. 1911. June 28. to withdraw its consent to it. 1911. Louisiana.CC 932 . February 12. March 15. Connecticut. Oklahoma. 1870. SECTION 2. 1911 (after having rejected it earlier). New Mexico. Arkansas. and was declared. 1911. to have been ratified by 36 of the 48 States. 1869. 1869. January 31. Colorado. Indiana. March 16. January 26. 1911. West Virginia. January 20. Mississippi. Kentucky. January 19. color. 1870. Vermont. February 24. 1959. 1911. Ohio. 1869. New York. Michigan. Maryland. March 11. Georgia. 1911. 1870. 1911. February 17. March 18. 1911. Kansas. Ratification was completed on February 3. March 5. Minnesota. West Virginia. 1913. February 2. 1911. Arizona. October 20. June 14. Tennessee. 1870. October 8. March 9. 1869. Michigan. January 27. 1870 (after having rejected it on April 30. Tennessee. 1910. 1869. March 8. 1911. Wisconsin.18 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES ARTICLE XV. 1870. New Hampshire. 1870). 1910. dated March 30. Oregon. 1870. Indiana. March 12. 1909. 1912. April 22. 1910. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race. 1869. 1911. 1870. July 12. March 7. 1911. 1869. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION The fifteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Fortieth Congress. 1870. March 31. February 9. March 1. Arkansas. 1910. May 26. Mississippi. 1911. The amendment was approved by the Governor of Maryland. Missouri. California. The dates of ratification were: Nevada. February 18. 1970). April 6. which action it rescinded on March 30. dated the 25th of February. Illinois. California. 1870. Maine. February 3. February 15. January 7. 1869. January 17. April 14. June 11. 1913. Nevada. February 18. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. from whatever source derived. South Dakota. when Nebraska ratified. 1869). August 16. 1910. 1997 (after having rejected it on November 16. The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes. May 14. March 5. August 3. January 31. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Ohio. 1976 (after having rejected it on March 12. April 3. 1911. 1912. 1962 (after having rejected it on January 28. 1869. and without regard to any census or enumeration. Illinois. Idaho. 1911. ARTICLE XVI. The dates of ratification were: Alabama. 1869 (and the legislature of the same State passed a resolution January 5. February 23. 1869. February 8. Louisiana. May 19. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Texas. Minnesota. South Carolina. North Dakota. 1869). Montana. 1911. January 30. January 31. in a proclamation of the Secretary of State.

Arkansas. 1913. 1913. sale. 1912. May 22. 1913. North Carolina. 1914. Montana. elected by the people thereof. March 14. Tennessee. within cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 16 Repealed by section 1 of amendment XXI. Wyoming. February 8. and Utah. and was declared. February 13. The dates of ratification were: Massachusetts. Illinois. 1913. 1913. Michigan. 1913. New Hampshire. Wisconsin. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution. January 28. Oklahoma. 1913. January 30. California. Oregon. February 19. and each Senator shall have one vote. 1913. 1913. 1913. Minnesota. 1913. Ohio. 1913. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture. January 17. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures. March 7. Nebraska. dated the 31st of May. SECTION 3. Connecticut. as provided in the Constitution. 1913. 1913. 1913. 1913. 1913. New Mexico. 1912. Kansas. South Dakota. April 1. ARTICLE [XVIII. Vermont. 1913. February 19. in a proclamation of the Secretary of State. 1913. March 17. February 19.] 16 SECTION 1. January 15. 1913. March 4.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 19 The amendment was subsequently ratified by Massachusetts. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. 1913. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Louisiana. Washington. 1913. Iowa. or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. Ratification was completed on April 8. February 14. 1913. Arizona. February 19. April 8. New York. ARTICLE [XVII. 1913 (after having rejected it on March 2. June 11. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION The seventeenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Sixty-second Congress on the 13th of May. the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided. 1913. Texas. April 2. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate. The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by Connecticut. West Virginia. February 5. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States. February 7. 1911). March 13. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 1913. New Jersey. January 25. SECTION 2. 1912. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00025 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. February 6. Idaho. Colorado. 1913. 1913. January 28. January 30. January 31. 1913.] The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State. 1913. March 7. February 11. Nevada. February 7. 1913. Pennsylvania. Rhode Island. to have been ratified by the legislatures of 36 of the 48 States. January 23. February 24. 1912. February 4. 1913.CC 932 . Missouri. or transportation of intoxicating liquors within. June 3. 1913. 1913. The amendment was rejected by Utah (and not subsequently ratified) on February 26. Indiana. North Dakota. 1913. New Hampshire. February 11. 1913. February 25. the importation thereof into. June 10. for six years. February 18. That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. 1913. 1913. Maine.

Arkansas. 1919. January 15. 1918. in a proclamation of the Secretary of State. June 25. Georgia. January 16. December 1. 1919. Utah. New Mexico. New York. Iowa.] The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.S. 1918. on the 18th of December. Maine. June 26. 1919. 1917. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING The nineteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Sixty-sixth Congress. Pennsylvania. January 6. January 8. Ohio. 1920. 1919). August 18. November 5. on the 4th of June. June 28. February 21. July 1. 1919 (and that State readopted its resolution of ratification June 17. January 7. January 29. 376 (1921). 1919. January 2. Tennessee. ARTICLE [XIX. Nebraska. 1920. January 13. January 16. Massachusetts. May 24. July 28. Ratification was completed on August 18. Georgia. Alabama. 1920. New Jersey. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Minnesota on January 17. January 15. Oregon. 1919. Washington. January 11. 1920. January 13. June 16. 1919. Colorado. 1919. West Virginia. 1921. Texas. January 6. 1919. North Dakota. Nevada. Vermont. January 20. 1918. Texas. Florida. 1920. New York. The dates of ratification were: Mississippi. 1920. 1919. Virginia. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. March 22. 1969 (after having rejected it on January 28. June 10. May 6. January 15. Vermont. 1953 (after having rejected it on September 22. 1919. January 16. March 18. December 3. 1919. 1920 (and that State reaffirmed it on September 21. and was declared. January 14. Missouri. New Hampshire. May 13. 1919. 1920. 1919. March 6. June 10. Colorado. 1920. Gloss. Wisconsin. 1920). 1919. February 28. Maryland. 1920. See Dillon v. Oklahoma. Florida. January 17. 1920). 1918. December 15. Rhode Island. South Carolina. Arizona. 1919. North Carolina. March 29. Kentucky. 256 U. Nevada. The dates of ratification were: Illinois. February 19. Nebraska. to have been ratified by the legislatures of 36 of the 48 States. Wyoming. Ohio. 1919. January 13. April 2. February 25. Kansas. 1918. Oregon. dated the 29th of January. January 9. Connecticut. Oklahoma. New Hampshire. 1923 (after having rejected it on June 2. Pennsylvania. 1919. 1919. January 15. 1958). Michigan. 1919. 1919. 1920. June 24. February 21. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION The eighteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Sixty-fifth Congress.20 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress. ratification certified on August 22. January 8. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Connecticut on September 14. Missouri. Montana. Louisiana. January 21. January 13. 1919. 1919. 1919. 1918. February 9. 1919. Virginia. California. 1919. 1919. Idaho. Kansas. August 2. Maryland. Kentucky. 1919. Utah. January 16. 1952 (after having rejected it on February 12. March 20. 1918. 1919. 1920. 1918. Michigan. 1919. 1919. South Dakota. 1919. 1969. Arkansas. 1919. December 4. Wisconsin. The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by Rhode Island. 1919. North Dakota. Montana. 1973). February VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. 1922. July 2. dated the 26th of August. Delaware. New Mexico. and was declared. 1920. 1920. January 16. Alabama. 368. 1919. 1919. January 16. 1919. July 3. 1919. March 9. Indiana. January 7. January 25. 1919. September 10. February 7. 1919. January 8. 1919. to have been ratified by the legislatures of 36 of the 48 States. January 27. September 8. 1918. 1919. 1918.CC 932 . 1920. 1919). 1919. 1920. Ratification was completed on January 16. 1920). South Carolina. 1919. 1919. Maine. 1918. 1918. September 8. November 1. Minnesota. January 15. Tennessee. 1919. 1920. Massachusetts. August 2. 1941 (after having rejected it on February 24. California. January 14. February 13. 1919. March 4. 1919. 1919. August 3. Washington. 1919. June 16. February 8. January 14. 1918. 1919. Delaware. 1919. West Virginia. 1919. ratification certified on February 25. Arizona. 1918. South Dakota. 1920. October 2. January 29. March 10. June 16. Iowa. 1918. February 12. Idaho. 1920. January 29. and New Jersey. February 11. in a proclamation of the Secretary of State. June 10. 1919. Wyoming. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00026 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.

1984 (after having rejected it on March 29. then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified. May 6. or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected. and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified. and was declared. Louisiana. 1932. 1933. Tennessee. January 21. Montana. 1933. 1970 (after having rejected it on July 24. and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January. 1933. 1919). March 4. 1933. SECTION 2. Wyoming. January 5. declaring who shall then act as President. March 17. January 13. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING The twentieth amendment to the Constitution was proposed to the legislatures of the several states by the Seventy-Second Congress. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year. March 17. January 23. 1932. ARTICLE [XX. 1932. SECTION 6. August 11. Ratification was completed on January 23. and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. dated on the 6th day of February. the Vice President elect shall become President. 1932. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission. unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 1933. January 16. 1933. 1932. Nebraska.] SECTION 1. Arkansas. March 22. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00027 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. September 7. Missouri. on the 2d day of March. April 21. 1932. January 4. New York. Kentucky. North Carolina. SECTION 4. Louisiana. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. January 16. January 23. 1932. March 16. in a proclamation by the Secretary of State. South Dakota. Mississippi. at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President. June 22. Maine. March 11. 1933. January 13. Alabama. 1932. If. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article. 1932. January 13. January 19. Delaware. SECTION 5. 1933. 1933. 1920). If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term. New Mexico. 1920). SECTION 3. of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified.CC 932 . January 20. Oklahoma. North Carolina. Oregon. Minnesota. Pennsylvania. the President elect shall have died. Ohio. August 15. 1933. Kansas. 1933. 1971. Utah. 1932. 1932. Washington. January 21. 1933. March 25. 1932. 1932. 1933. January 23. 1932. 1970 (after having rejected it on July 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January. Texas. January 13. January 20. 1933.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 21 20. and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified. West Virginia. 1933. Iowa. 1932. March 31. California. Indiana. The dates of ratification were: Virginia. 1933. September 13. Rhode Island. January 23. and the terms of their successors shall then begin. Mississippi. 1933. Arizona. 1932. 1933. South Carolina. July 30. January 19. January 20. 1932. April 1. January 9. 1932. North Dakota. January 19. 1933. 1933. Illinois. 1933. March 21. June 11. to have been ratified by the legislatures of 36 of the 48 States. April 14. and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January. 1933. New Jersey. 1933. Georgia. or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify. January 12. 1933. Michigan. Idaho.

July 11. February 2. within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress. 1933. November 24. October 25. December 5. SECTION 3. June 26. April 25. October 3. 1933. Vermont. Florida. Delaware. 1933. SECTION 2. during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term. July 10. Nevada. Texas. August 11. 1933. July 24. 1933. in violation of the laws thereof. Minnesota. 1933. June 26. May 25. Oregon. March 24. 1933. Illinois. July 11. 1933. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States. to have been ratified by 36 of the 48 States. Utah. December 5. 1933. New Hampshire. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION The twenty-first amendment to the Constitution was proposed to the several states by the Seventy-Second Congress. 1933. October 17. 1933. in a proclamation by the Secretary of State. California. May 8. New Hampshire. January 26. and no person who has held the office of President. April 26. Rhode Island. 1933. 1933. 1933. Florida. or acted as President. cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. 1933. August 29. 1933. 1933. 1933. Iowa. 1933. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice. Territory. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress. April 10. on August 6. 1933. Maryland. dated on the 5th day of December. Arkansas. Wyoming. and was declared. 1933. Ohio. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00028 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.] SECTION 1. January 27. 1933. Arizona. New York. September 5. 1933. SECTION 2.22 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES The amendment was subsequently ratified by Massachusetts on January 24. 1933. June 27.CC 932 . September 26. 1933. November 2. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this Article was proposed by the Congress. 1933. 1933. Indiana. West Virginia. New Mexico. or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors. ARTICLE [XXII. and by Montana. The transportation or importation into any State. 1933. Vermont. 1933. Idaho. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. ARTICLE [XXI. July 10. Missouri. on December 4. November 14. Washington. August 1. 1933. or acting as President. and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President. Pennsylvania. 1933. Nevada. 1933. Colorado. Connecticut. 1933. January 24. September 23. 1933. January 31. The dates of ratification were: Michigan. August 7. as provided in the Constitution. 1933. October 18. Connecticut. 1933. October 10. 1933. New Jersey.] SECTION 1. 1933. 1933. June 1. 1933. on the 20th day of February. Alabama. 1933. The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by South Carolina. 1933. 1933. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Maine. Massachusetts. September 5. 1933. Maryland. December 5. 1933. 1933. 1933. Virginia. July 25. Ratification was completed on December 5. is hereby prohibited. 1933. January 24. Wisconsin. June 24. Kentucky. August 8. Wisconsin. Tennessee. November 27. for more than two years of a term of which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. Colorado. 1933. on December 6. 1934. 1933.

April 12. 1961. Alaska. 1961. North Dakota. Oregon. but in no event more than the least populous State. Florida. February 8. 1961. Indiana. 1951. The dates of ratification were: Maine. 1951. 1951. February 20. Tennessee. March 3. Washington. they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States. 1961. December 19. January 29. 1947. 1960 and was declared by the Administrator of General Services on April 3. 1949. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. North Dakota. South Dakota. April 16. The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by Oklahoma in June 1947. Ohio. to be electors appointed by a State. March 31. 1947. February 21. Alabama. Idaho. South Dakota. 1961. March 31. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING This amendment was proposed by the Eighty-sixth Congress on June 17. August 22.R. Illinois. Nebraska. 1947. March 15. 1961. 1947. 1951. 1951. Connecticut. February 22. but they shall be considered. Delaware. April 16. Utah. February 28.CC 932 . 1960). ARTICLE [XXIII. to have been ratified by 38 of the 50 States. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00029 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. May 23. February 6. 1951. 1948. February 12. 1961. on March 1. Nevada. Vermont. 1960 (and that State made a technical correction to its resolution on June 30. 1947. May 17. California. Wisconsin. 1949. F. Ratification was completed on February 27. May 22. 1961. 1947. New Mexico. 1961. 1961. and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment. February 10. May 4. March 6. Georgia. 1951. 1960. February 6. February 12. Arizona. 1947. March 13. Montana. 1961. April 15. The dates of ratification were: Hawaii. April 1. 1951. 1951. 1961. West Virginia. April 16. No. Arkansas. 1961. 1961. April 29. Michigan. March 14. Doc. 2019. 1947. Pennsylvania. May 21. February 26. 1951. February 1. 1961. 1961. Minnesota. April 1. April 3. 1951. and Massachusetts on June 9. 1951.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 23 PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION This amendment was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Eightieth Congress on March 21. New Hampshire. Minnesota. Massachusetts. 1951. January 31. Colorado. March 8. February 17. 1961. 1947. for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President. New Jersey. 1951. February 26. February 2. Pennsylvania. April 2. Utah. Connecticut. 1961. California. March 10. April 3. 27. January 31. 1949. Wyoming. Delaware. New Mexico. March 9. January 17. Oregon. 16 F.] SECTION 1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State. February 12. 1947. January 31. 1961. and was declared by the Administrator of General Services. Texas. 51– 2940. 1961. 1961. 1948. New Jersey. Louisiana. South Carolina. 1951. February 9. 1951. Kansas. 1961. January 30. 1961. Tennessee. 1947. April 15. 1947. Nebraska.R. 1961. January 19. Wyoming. 1961. 1947. 1947. June 23. Michigan. Nevada. Maryland. 1961. January 28. 1951. Indiana. 1951. New York. Montana. 1948. January 21. February 21. Illinois. CERTIFICATION OF VALIDITY Publication of the certifying statement of the Administrator of General Services that the amendment had become valid was made on March 1. March 15. January 27. Colorado. February 15. January 25. January 30. 1961. Missouri. 1961. to have been ratified by the legislatures of 36 of the 48 States. 1961. 1947 by House Joint Res. Iowa. 1947. Maryland. The amendment was subsequently ratified by North Carolina on February 28. Wisconsin. 1947. New York. February 20. March 14. 1961. Mississippi. 1960. March 3. February 13. April 15. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. 1947. 1951. 1950. February 25. February 27. Idaho. Vermont. Maine. SECTION 2. March 9. 1947. Virginia. April 1. 1951. February 9.

February 1. March 20. 64–1229. 1963. 1961. This amendment was ratified by the following States: Illinois. ARTICLE [XXV. SECTION 2. February 19. Washington. 1961. 1963. March 15. 1963. March 19. 1962. Indiana. 1963. Kansas. Ratification was completed on March 29. 1963. February 20. The amendment was subsequently ratified by New Hampshire on March 30. February 21. 1963. for electors for President or Vice President. 1962. Maryland. March 21. 1964. Virginia. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President. 1977. Nebraska. Nevada. 1963. 1964. March 29. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation. Florida. It was declared by the Administrator of General Services on February 4. the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. Maine. March 5. March 25. March 16. West Virginia. March 28. March 21. Wisconsin. 29 F. January 23. Rhode Island. February 7. 1963.R. Utah. The amendment was subsequently ratified by North Carolina on May 3. Kansas. Missouri. Ohio. April 24. Montana. February 11. March 29. June 12. New Mexico. April 4. California. 1963. March 28. F. 1963. 1963. New Hampshire. 1963. which was approved by the Senate on March 27. 1961). 1963. Colorado. North Dakota.R.] SECTION 1. 1961. to have been ratified by the legislatures of 38 of the 50 States. 1963. March 8. 1963. March 26.CC 932 . January 28. 1963. 1962. 1963. 1963. 1963. Doc. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President. 1961. 1961. Ohio. Doc. 1964. 29. CERTIFICATION OF VALIDITY Publication of the certifying statement of the Administrator of General Services that the amendment had become valid was made on April 3. May 13. Minnesota. February 6. shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax. April 18.] SECTION 1. March 7. 1963. F. May 1. 1963. 1715. March 6. February 20. Alaska. Hawaii.R. 1963. 1961. Vermont. Pennsylvania. 1963. 1962. March 20. or for Senator or Representative in Congress. New York. 1964. January 25. Missouri. 1962. Kentucky. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION This amendment was proposed by the Eighty-seventh Congress by Senate Joint Resolution No. Iowa. February 27. 1989. February 27. 1963. 1961. December 3. 2808. Massachusetts. 1963. CERTIFICATION OF VALIDITY Publication of the certifying statement of the Administrator of General Services that the amendment had become valid was made on February 5. Rhode Island. 1963.24 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES Iowa. South Dakota. New Jersey. Ratification was completed on January 23. 1963. February 25. ARTICLE [XXIV. 1961 (when that State annulled and then repeated its ratification of March 29. June 27. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00030 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. January 16. Delaware. Connecticut. 1963. Oklahoma. 1963. Idaho. 1963. March 14. The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by Arkansas on January 24. 1963. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. February 4. 1963. The amendment was rejected by Mississippi (and not subsequently ratified) on December 20.R. 1961. SECTION 2. 1963. 61– 3017. the Vice President shall become President. and by the House of Representatives on August 27. Michigan. 1963. 1964. March 22. 26 F. November 14. 1961. Oregon. Tennessee. February 14.

If the Congress. October 21. Idaho. January 20. 1965. 1965. Rhode Island. Mississippi. Vermont. Hawaii. 1967. within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble. New Hampshire. the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President. 1966. 1966. Virginia. Massachusetts. SECTION 3. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue. March 2. 1966. March 8. 1966. otherwise. or. Maine. 1. September 22. March 3. The House of Representatives agreed to a Conference Report on June 30. transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. 1966. the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office. New York. February 3. March 10. January 17. determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary. SECTION 4. Wyoming. 1967. March 30. 1966. 1966. 1965. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. 1966. It was declared by the Administrator of General Services. 1965. New Mexico. October 5. June 13. February 18. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING This amendment was proposed by the Eighty-ninth Congress by Senate Joint Resolution No. 1966. such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. Wisconsin. California. November 4. Michigan. Colorado. Pennsylvania. Tennessee. October 20. February 10. 1965. November 29. July 15. January 25. 1966. 1965. transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00031 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. and the Senate agreed to the Conference Report on July 6. March 23. 1966. 1965. Kansas. 1965. Kentucky. August 18. Probably should be ‘‘departments’’. 1966. on February 23. January 28. if Congress is not in session. December 7. 1965. Alaska. 1965. Arkansas. Delaware. in amended form. which was approved by the Senate on February 19. 1966. 1966. West Virginia. January 24. July 13. when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists. the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President. 1965. January 12. February 3. 1966. within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration. Maryland. 17 So in original. and by the House of Representatives. February 8. 1966. on April 13. 1965. July 5. Oklahoma. 1965. This amendment was ratified by the following States: Nebraska. New Jersey.CC 932 . Arizona. 1965. Louisiana. Indiana. 1966. March 14. to have been ratified by the legislatures of 39 of the 50 States. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide. September 15. Thereafter. Missouri. 1965. he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department 17 or of such other body as Congress may by law provide.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 25 take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. 1965. 1966. July 12. Utah. August 9. 1965. 1967. assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session.

March 24. January 28. Ohio. February 10. North Carolina. Nevada. 1971. Georgia. June 22. March 23. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Delaware. 1971. was declared by the Archivist of the United States on May 18. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Virginia. being the second of twelve articles proposed by the First Congress on Sept. to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age. until an election of Representatives shall have intervened. July 8. Alaska. South Dakota. January 19. Oregon. April 28. 1967. 1971. April 7. VALIDITY Publication of the certifying statement of the Administrator of General Services that the amendment had become valid was made on February 25. varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives. 36 F. Kansas. April 19. Arizona. 1971. 1967. April 28. April 9. 1971. 1971. Pennsylvania. April 3. March 23. 1971. April 2. New Jersey. May 14. 1971. April 27.R. Maine.R. 1967. 1971. 1971. 1967. 1971. June 30. 1789. 1791. Doc. June 30. ARTICLE [XXVII. 12725. 1971.CC 932 . 1971. Idaho. June 4. This amendment was ratified by the following States: Connecticut. 1971. Missouri. 1967. 1967. Oregon. December 22. Iowa. 1790. Tennessee. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00032 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. Vermont. June 29. 71– 9691. New Hampshire.] SECTION 1. CERTIFICATION OF 1967. 1789. 1971. 1971. F. Minnesota. March 30. Hawaii. 1971. 1967. 1971. 1791. Texas. 1971. Ohio. July 1. November 3. 1971. July 8. 1971. 25. Minnesota. March 24. Rhode Island. Indiana. 67–2208. April 8. January 26. April 7. April 8. April 8. Vermont. December 19. The right of citizens of the United States. Ratification was completed on July 1. 1971. 1971. Arkansas. 1971. to have been ratified by the legislatures of 40 of the 50 States. Texas. 1971. 1971.] No law. to have been ratified by the legislature of 39 of the 50 States. March 14. 1790.26 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES Washington. October 4. 1971. March 6. March 22. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. Wisconsin. SECTION 2. 1967. 7. West Virginia. 1971. 1971. February 10. The amendment was subsequently ratified by Connecticut. June 14. Montana. 1971. June 2. 1971. April 27. California. May 27. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION This amendment was proposed by the Ninety-second Congress by Senate Joint Resolution No. 1971. It was declared by the Administrator of General Services on July 5. who are eighteen years of age or older. February 14. Washington. 1971. Virginia. March 7. 32 F. 1967. 1971. March 23. 1971. Doc. South Carolina. March 23. 1971. Montana. North Carolina. 1971. 1971. March 23. CERTIFICATION OF VALIDITY Publication of the certifying statement of the Administrator of General Services that the amendment had become valid was made on July 7. Nebraska. 1971. 1992. shall take effect. March 22. March 29. December 15. Alabama. July 1. 1971. 1971. Iowa. May 13. 1971. This amendment was ratified by the following States: Maryland. Alabama. Ratification was completed on February 10. Louisiana. North Carolina. Wyoming. Oklahoma. 1967. March 30. Illinois. Illinois. ARTICLE [XXVI. April 17. 1971. February 2. April 25. 1971. South Carolina. 1967. New York. 1967. 3287. April 16.R. January 26. 1971. Michigan. PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING This amendment. Florida. Colorado. 1789. February 15. 1971. Massachusetts. April 27. which was approved by the Senate on March 10. 1967. 1967. 1971. May 25. Delaware. and by the House of Representatives on March 23. F.R. March 30. 1967. Maryland.

May 23. May 5. Florida. Utah. Missouri. 1986. Alaska. In a number of cases. the resolutions of ratification were signed by the officers of the legislatures on dates subsequent to that on which the second house had acted. 1986. 1987. 1992. May 25. July 15. April 22. 1992. March 6. 1990. May 7. Connecticut. Arizona. Kansas.R. 57 F. although action by the Governor is not contemplated by article V. April 27. July 10. 92–11951. Wyoming. West Virginia. May 5. 1984.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 27 Ohio. 1978. February 25. 1985. July 7. 1983. February 9. 1989. F. 1985. which required ratification by the legislatures (or conventions) only. 1992. March 17. New Hampshire. February 24. March 25. 1991. 1992. April 3. May 22.CC 932 . 1988. 1989. 1992 and California on June 26. Idaho. North Dakota. Ratification was completed on May 7. 1988. May 19. March 7. Oklahoma. The dates set out in this document are based upon the best information available. New Jersey.R. 1985. the Governors of several of the States ‘‘approved’’ the resolutions (on a subsequent date). The amendment was subsequently ratified by Illinois on May 12. 1992. April 5. Minnesota. Texas. Colorado. 1987. Iowa. 1986. May 13. Tennessee. 1992. 1990. 1989. 1985. 1988. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00033 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. May 6. March 10. 1985. In some cases. 1989. Arkansas. 1989. Wisconsin. New Mexico. Louisiana. Maine. Georgia. March 6. Nevada. May 31. Michigan. Doc. February 21. February 14. [EDITORIAL NOTE: There is some conflict as to the exact dates of ratification of the amendments by the several States. 1987. 1992. May 7. 1989. the journals of the State legislatures are not available. May 6. February 2. Montana. 21187. 1873. Indiana. CERTIFICATION OF VALIDITY Publication of the certifying statement of the Archivist of the United States that the amendment had become valid was made on May 18. Alabama. In other cases. March 23. April 26.] cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. 1989. South Dakota. Oregon. 1987.

2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00034 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.CC 932 .cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.

in addition to the 27 amendments that have been ratified by the required three-fourths of the States. declared that the question of the reasonableness of the time within which a sufficient number of States must act is a political question to be determined by the Congress. or shall. the Congress proposed the following article of amendment to the Constitution relating to acceptance by citizens of the United States of titles of nobility from any foreign government. accept and retain any present. proposed Article II was ratified and became the 27th amendment to the Constitution. in the 2d session of the Eleventh Congress. from any emperor.PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION NOT RATIFIED BY THE STATES During the course of our history. shall be valid and binding. nor more than one Representative for every fifty thousand persons. that there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives. The proposed amendment. six other amendments have been submitted to the States but have not been ratified by them. That the following section be submitted to the legislatures of the several states. prince or foreign power.’’ Thereafter. until the number shall amount to one hundred. or either of them. pension. In 1992. there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand. In 1789. is as follows: Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. without the consent of Congress. Articles III–XII were ratified and became the first ten amendments to the Constitution. that there shall be not less than one-hundred Representatives. Congress has customarily included a provision requiring ratification within seven years from the time of the submission to the States. If any citizen of the United States shall accept.S. twelve proposed articles of amendment were submitted to the States. Beginning with the proposed Eighteenth Amendment. after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress. until the number of Representatives shall amount to two hundred. and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them. 307 U.CC 932 . as a part of the constitution of the United States. after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress. two thirds of both houses concurring. Proposed Article I which was not ratified is as follows: ‘‘ARTICLE THE FIRST ‘‘After the first enumeration required by the first article of the Constitution. king. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00035 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. which was not ratified by threefourths of the States. claim. Miller. The Supreme Court in Coleman v. receive or retain any title of nobility or honour. Of these. nor less than one Representative for every forty thousand persons. which. office or emolument of any kind whatever. popularly known as the Bill of Rights. cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING The following amendment to the Constitution relating to slavery was proposed by the 2d session of the Thirty-sixth Congress on (29) VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. 433 (1939). such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States. when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the states.

‘‘SECTION 2. having previously passed the House on October 12. 1926. which was not ratified by three-fourths of the States by June 30. having previously passed the House on February 28. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00036 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. 1971. 1861. which. shall be valid to all intends and purposes as a part of the Constitution: ‘‘ARTICLE—. The proposed amendment. It is interesting to note in this connection that this is the only proposed (and not ratified) amendment to the Constitution to have been signed by the President. viz: ‘‘ARTICLE THIRTEEN ‘‘No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere. having previously passed the House on April 26. is as follows: JOINT RESOLUTION PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT UNITED STATES TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein). The Congress shall have power to limit.30 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES March 2. within any State. That the following article be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The power of the several States is unimpaired by this article except that the operation of State laws shall be suspended to the extent necessary to give effect to legislation enacted by the Congress. when ratified by three-fourths of said Legislatures. as part of the said Constitution. by the 2d session of the Ninety-fifth Congress. and prohibit the labor of persons under eighteen years of age. 1982. That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States. to all intents and purposes. The seven-year deadline for ratification of the proposed amendment was extended to June 30. which.’’ An amendment relative to equal rights for men and women was proposed by the 2d session of the Ninety-second Congress on March 22. regulate. The proposed amendment. 1972. when it passed the Senate. 1861. 1926. with the domestic institutions thereof. That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The President’s signature is considered unnecessary because of the constitutional provision that on the concurrence of two-thirds of both Houses of Congress the proposal shall be submitted to the States for ratification. 1982. is as follows: JOINT RESOLUTION PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES RELATIVE TO EQUAL RIGHTS FOR MEN AND WOMEN THE cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein). which has been ratified by 28 States. including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State. when it passed the Senate. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States.CC 932 . which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission by the Congress: VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. shall be valid. to date.’’ A child labor amendment was proposed by the 1st session of the Sixty-eighth Congress on June 2. ‘‘SECTION 1. when it passed the Senate.

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES

31

‘‘ARTICLE— ‘‘SECTION 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. ‘‘SEC. 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. ‘‘SEC. 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.’’

An amendment relative to voting rights for the District of Columbia was proposed by the 2d session of the Ninety-fifth Congress on August 22, 1978, when it passed the Senate, having previously passed the House on March 2, 1978. The proposed amendment, which was not ratified by three-fourths of the States within the specified seven-year period, is as follows:
JOINT RESOLUTION PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION TO PROVIDE FOR REPRESENTATION OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA IN THE CONGRESS. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission by the Congress: ‘‘ARTICLE— ‘‘SECTION 1. For purposes of representation in the Congress, election of the President and Vice President, and article V of this Constitution, the District constituting the seat of government of the United States shall be treated as though it were a State. ‘‘SEC. 2. The exercise of the rights and powers conferred under this article shall be by the people of the District constituting the seat of government, and as shall be provided by the Congress. ‘‘SEC. 3. The twenty-third article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. ‘‘SEC. 4. This article shall be inoperative, unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.’’

cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING

VerDate Aug 31 2005

11:19 Dec 10, 2007

Jkt 036932

PO 00000

Frm 00037

Fmt 7601

Sfmt 7601

E:\HR\OC\932.CC

932

cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING

VerDate Aug 31 2005

11:19 Dec 10, 2007

Jkt 036932

PO 00000

Frm 00038

Fmt 7601

Sfmt 7601

E:\HR\OC\932.CC

932

INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS
Article 1 Section Clause

A Abridged. The privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States shall not be. [Amendments] ........................ Absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as it may provide. Each House is authorized to compel the attendance of .................................................................. Accounts of receipts and expenditures of public money shall be published from time to time. A statement of the .......... Accusation. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall be informed of the cause and nature of the. [Amendments] .................................................................................... Accused shall have a speedy public trial. In all criminal prosecutions the. [Amendments] ......................................... He shall be tried by an impartial jury of the State and district where the crime was committed. [Amendments] ............................................................................. He shall be informed of the nature of the accusation. [Amendments] ................................................................ He shall be confronted with the witnesses against him. [Amendments] ................................................................ He shall have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor. [Amendments] .............................. He shall have the assistance of counsel for his defense. [Amendments] ................................................................ Actions at common law involving over twenty dollars shall be tried by jury. [Amendments] .......................................... Acts, records, and judicial proceedings of another State. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the .. Acts. Congress shall prescribe the manner of proving such acts, records, and proceedings ............................................. Adjourn from day to day. A smaller number than a quorum of each House may ................................................................ Adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which they shall be sitting. Neither House shall, during the session of Congress, without the consent of the other ................................................................... Adjournment, the President may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper. In case of disagreement between the two Houses as to ............................................. Admiralty and maritime jurisdiction. The judicial power shall extend to all cases of ................................................... Admitted by the Congress into this Union, but no new States shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State. New States may be .............................. Nor shall any State be formed by the junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the consent of the legislatures and of Congress .............................. Adoption of the Constitution shall be valid. All debts and engagements contracted by the confederation and before the .......................................................................................... Advice and consent of the Senate. The President shall have power to make treaties by and with the .............................
cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING
1 Article

14 1 1 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 4 4 1

1 5 9 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... 1 1 5

.......... 1 7 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... 1

1 2 3 4 4 6 2

5 3 2 3 3 .......... 2

4 .......... 1 1 1 1 2

of original Constitution or of amendment.

(33)

VerDate Aug 31 2005

11:19 Dec 10, 2007

Jkt 036932

PO 00000

Frm 00039

Fmt 7601

Sfmt 7601

E:\HR\OC\932.CC

932

34

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES

INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued
Article 1 Section Clause

cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING

To appoint ambassadors or other public ministers and consuls by and with the ................................................ To appoint all other officers of the United States not herein otherwise provided for by and with the ........... Affirmation. Senators sitting to try impeachments shall be on oath or .............................................................................. To be taken by the President of the United States. Form of the oath or ....................................................... No warrants shall be issued but upon probable cause and on oath or. [Amendments] ..................................... To support the Constitution. Senators and Representatives, members of State legislatures, executive and judicial officers, both State and Federal, shall be bound by oath or ............................................................ Age. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained twenty-five years of ...................................... No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained thirty years of .................................................... Right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of age. [Amendments] ......................................... Agreement or compact with another State without the consent of Congress. No State shall enter into any ................ Aid and comfort. Treason against the United States shall consist in levying war against them, adhering to their enemies, and giving them .................................................... Alliance or confederation. No State shall enter into any treaty of ................................................................................. Ambassadors, or other public ministers and consuls. The President may appoint ......................................................... The judicial power of the United States shall extend to all cases affecting .......................................................... Amendments to the Constitution. Whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, Congress shall propose ........................................................................................ On application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the States, Congress shall call a convention to propose ... Shall be valid when ratified by the legislatures of, or by conventions in, three-fourths of the States ............ Answer for a capital or infamous crime unless on presentment of a grand jury. No person shall be held to. [Amendments] ....................................................................... Except in cases in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service. [Amendments] ........... Appellate jurisdiction both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under such regulations as Congress shall make. In what cases the Supreme Court shall have ......... Application of the legislature or the executive of a State. The United States shall protect each State against invasion and domestic violence on the ....................................... Application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the States, Congress shall call a convention for proposing amendments to the Constitution. On the ...................................... Appointment. Of officers and authority to train the militia reserved to the States respectively ..................................... Of such inferior officers as they may think proper in the President alone. Congress may by law vest the ... In the courts of law or in the heads of departments. Congress may by law vest the ...................................... Of Presidential and Vice-Presidential electors. District of Columbia to have power of. [Amendments] ............

2 2 1 2 4

2 2 3 1 ..........

2 2 6 8 ..........

6 1 1

.......... 2 3

3 2 3

26 1 3 1 2 3 5 5 5 5 5 3 4 5 1 2 2 23

1 10 3 10 2 2 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... 2 4 .......... 8 2 2 1

.......... 3 1 1 2 1 .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... 2 .......... .......... 16 2 2 ..........

VerDate Aug 31 2005

11:19 Dec 10, 2007

Jkt 036932

PO 00000

Frm 00040

Fmt 7601

Sfmt 7601

E:\HR\OC\932.CC

932

...... Articles exported from any State.............. Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of the twenty-sixth article by...... be privileged from ........................... [Amendments] ................... and in going to and returning from the same.................... Arsenals........ 1 2 3 16 14 ...... No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in consequence of ... Congress shall have power to enforce the thirteenth article....................... Congress shall have power to raise and support ......... Arms shall not be infringed. [Amendments] ......................... Arts by securing to authors and inventors their patent rights...... [Amendments] ...... Assistance of counsel for his defense.... Appropriate legislation................ the right of the people to keep and bear................... [Amendments] ........................ Provisions relating to the .. No tax or duty shall be laid on . Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of the fifteenth article by. 4 1 17 5 8 ... Armies............. Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of the nineteenth article.................................................. ............... Members shall in all cases................ [Amendments] ............... except treason. ......... and breach of the peace.................... from whatever source derived..... prohibiting slavery by............................. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10........... .. ....................... Appropriation of money for raising and supporting armies shall be for a longer term than two years.................................. Armies.................CC 932 . Congress shall make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces ... Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of the twenty-third article by....... Appropriations made by law.......... Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce the provisions of the eighteenth article..........................CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 35 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Apportionment of representation and direct taxation among the several States... if he does not .. Approve and sign a bill before it shall become a law. Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of the twenty-fourth article by......... 18 .... but no appropriation for that use shall be for a longer term than two years........ 12 7 2 2 12 14 .................................. or on any department or officer thereof ...... [Amendments] ................... [Amendments] ... [Amendments] . [Amendments] ........... Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of the fourteenth article by..... Provisions relating to the............ [Amendments] .................................................................. Congress may promote the progress of science and the useful .................. Arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses.................... .. The President shall .... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00041 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.... Of Representatives among the several States......................................... Congress shall have power to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers...... ............ Assumption of the debt or obligations incurred in aid of rebellion or insurrection against the United States... Provisions against the...... He shall return it to the House in which it originated with his objections..... felony... ................................ A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State........ In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the......... ............ [Amendments] ............ Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes.............. [Amendments] ........ ......................... 1 13 14 15 18 19 23 24 26 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 8 2 5 2 2 ....... without apportionment among the several States....... ..... and all other powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States................. 2 2 2 8 9 7 7 8 8 ............ [Amendments] ............................ But no ........................ ......... 1 1 1 1 6 14 6 8 9 8 ... Congress shall exercise exclusive authority over all places purchased for the erection of ....

. A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State............................................................. Provisions relating to the......................... The President............ The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offices during good .... or law impairing the obligation of contracts.............. Senators and Representatives......................................... and .. except during the life of the person attainted .... Borrow money on the credit of the United States..... he shall sign them: if he disapprove........................................36 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Attainder of treason shall not work corruption of blood or forfeiture...... Bribery............ nor excessive fines nor cruel and unusual punishments imposed............. Bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives..... Ballot............. the question shall be taken by yeas and nays .. Basis of representation among the several States... [Amendments] .............. including the debt for....................................... No bill of ........... 3 1 1 1 3 9 10 8 2 3 1 8 8 12 .... [Amendments] .......... Not returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted) shall......... Bills of credit..... If he approve....................... before they become laws.. All .... and in going to and returning from the same. it shall become a law Upon the reconsideration of a bill returned by the President..... if two-thirds of each House agree to pass the same. If no person have a majority of the electoral votes for President and Vice President....... Congress shall have power to ..... [Amendments] ............. No State shall pass any bill of ................ Behavior............. cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. Breach of the peace. the House of Representatives shall immediately choose the President by... 8 2 ........... Attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. Bounties and pensions....... No State shall emit .. Bankruptcies....... or law impairing the obligation of contracts...... become laws .... ex post facto law. Excessive bail shall not be required.......................... Upon the reconsideration of a bill returned by the President with his objections... Bear arms shall not be infringed. 3 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 14 4 ..................................... ................... he shall return them............................. Bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed............. Ballot for President and Vice President................................................. No State shall pass any .................... [Amendments] .............. ......... or other high crimes and misdemeanors............ be presented to the President ...................................... shall not be questioned................... The electors shall vote by..... Bill of attainder........ except for treason........ Congress shall have power to pass uniform laws on the subject of ................. 12 1 14 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . and all civil officers shall be removed on impeachment for and conviction of treason .. 1 9 10 10 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 .. felony..................... 4 .................. Attainder........ Authors and inventors the exclusive right to their writings and inventions................... Bills which shall have passed the Senate and House of Representatives shall................... unless Congress adjourn............................................. B Bail...........................CC 932 . Vice President................ [Amendments] . shall be privileged from arrest while attending the session....... ... The validity of the public debt incurred in suppressing insurrection and rebellion against the United States. Congress shall have power to secure to .. .............. to that House in which they originated .. No .... 1 2 6 4 1 ........................... .. the right of the people to keep and. [Amendments] .. with his objections...... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00042 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.. ex post facto law.....................................................

...........CC 932 ........ All ....... liberty.......... [Amendments] ......... No person not a natural-born .......... ................................. Congress shall make rules concerning ............................................................................... Of the inhabitants shall be made within three years after the first meeting of Congress....................... ..................................... Nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws...... cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10...... Right of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex.............................. ................... 9 8 3 2 9 3 1 1 3 2 ........ The judicial power of the United States shall not extend to suits in law or equity brought against one of the States by the citizens of another State or by............... Right to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State to any citizen eighteen years or older. Citizens or subjects of a foreign state....... 4 11 4 3 4 6 4 5 3 2 .. Nor shall any State deprive any person of life.................... Right to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State for failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.................. and been seven years a .. Capitation or other direct tax shall be laid unless in proportion to the census or enumeration...... unless on indictment of a grand jury........................ 1 1 . No ..... Citizenship. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States......... on impeachment for and conviction of treason.......... on account of age........ [Amendments] ..... 11 4 ......... which shall be the same throughout the United States.. [Amendments] ............. except in certain specified cases........................ Civil officers of the United States shall............... The Vice President shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided ....................... No person shall be held to answer for a... 2 .. and other high crimes and misdemeanors be removed....... Casting vote............... No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained the age of thirty years................................. Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens of the several States ..... Choosing the electors and the day on which they shall give their votes.. .... Captures on land and water................................... and been nine years a No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained the age of twenty-five years.................CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 37 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause C Capital or otherwise infamous crime......................... bribery. Congress may determine the time of ... or property without due process of law................. The ............ [Amendments] ..... Census or enumeration. Citizen of the United States at the adoption of the Constitution shall be eligible to the office of President..... [Amendments] ...................... 1 14 14 14 14 2 1 1 1 1 4 .... are citizens of the United States and of the State in which they reside...... [Amendments] .................. ...... [Amendments] .... and within every subsequent term of ten years thereafter No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid except in proportion to the ..................... [Amendments] ................ .. and subject to the jurisdiction thereof............................................ Chief Justice shall preside when the President of the United States is tried upon impeachment................................................................... [Amendments] ...... 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 19 24 26 ................. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00043 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932............... All persons born or naturalized in the United States......

Immediately after they shall be assembled after the first election............................ Coin money and regulate the value thereof and of foreign coin................ Nothing in this Constitution shall be construed to prejudice ..... The President shall be .................................... Vessels clearing from the ports of one State shall not pay duties in those of another ..... or previous condition of servitude.......................... The seats of the Senators of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year .. Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy................ VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10................ Common law.......... Treason against the United States shall consist in levying war against them.......... ..... The President may fill vacancies that happen in the recess of the Senate by granting ........... [Amendments] ...... where the amount involved exceeds twenty dollars..... enter into any agreement or ............... Color....... promote the general welfare.............. No fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States than according to the rules of the...... The seats of the Senators of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year ................ ........ Commissions to expire at the end of the next session.................... enter into any agreement or ........................................................ without the consent of Congress............... &c.................................. Compact with another State.. Compensation of Senators and Representatives to be ascertained by law .......................... 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 10 8 8 2 2 2 2 2 1 5 6 15 3 2 1 1 1 2 ............................................................... among the States........ Congress shall have power to provide for the ..... Compensation of the judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall not be diminished during their continuance in office ..................... Compact with a foreign power.......................................................... Private property shall not be taken for public use without just............38 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Claims of the United States or any particular State in the territory or public property.... 3 3 1 7 ............ [Amendments] ...................................................................... 8 ... [Preamble] ............................................................................... Commerce or revenue...... Compensation of the President shall not be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall be elected ......... No State shall make anything but gold and silver .................. Commerce with foreign nations.................... without consent of Congress.......... .......... . Coin of the United States........CC 932 ........ and giving the enemies aid and ....... No state shall.......................... Congress shall have power to .................... 1 ............................ and with Indian tribes.............................. Compensation................. Comfort............. Classification of Senators... Common defense and general welfare.................................. Suits at................ To insure the........ 1 1 3 6 6 3 .......................... Common defense. No preference shall be given to the ports of one State over those of another by any regulation of ............... Coin a tender in payment of debts.............. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00044 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932............ Congress shall have power to regulate ............. [Amendments] .... they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes ............................. shall be tried by jury.................... The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of race....... The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year ...... Congress shall provide for punishing the counterfeiting the securities and current ............. and of their militia when in actual service................................ No State shall....... 1 7 7 1 1 1 2 3 5 1 3 2 8 9 9 2 ..................................... 10 10 6 1 1 ............. [Amendments] ...................

.................... and provide for the common defense and general welfare ....................... Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings ... or upon ............ Confederation............ without the consent of the other.. No person holding any office under the United States. 3 1 1 4 4 5 5 5 . Each House shall be the judge of the elections.............. during the session of Congress.......................... as under the ... while in office............................................... 1 1 1 .... [Amendments] . and....................... unless they by law appoint a different day .... be a member of either House of Congress . All debts contracted and engagements entered into before the adoption of this Constitution shall be valid against the United States under it............ except as to the places of choosing Senators ....... Proceedings in cases of bills returned by the President with his objections .............. shall................................................. A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business ................................... punish its members for disorderly behavior... No Senator or Representative shall........... during his term............... All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives ....... To regulate foreign and domestic commerce.. They shall in all cases.................................... Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings............... except treason................................................................... be appointed to any civil office which shall have been created.... Shall have power to lay and collect duties.... and qualifications of its own members . 6 1 6 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ................. and breach of peace..................... be privileged from arrest during attendance at their respective Houses.............................................................. alliance....... which shall be on the first Monday of December. returns.. imposts.......................... and with the Indian tribes ...... adjourn for more than three days .......................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00045 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932................. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 6 2 3 4 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 6 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 2 2 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10................................. and to fix the standard of weights and measures ........................................... pay the debts................CC 932 .............. Confession in open court........... A smaller number may adjourn from day to day and compel the attendance of absent members .................... To establish uniform rule of naturalization and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies ........ Conviction of treason shall be on the testimony of two persons to the overt act................................................. shall.. No State shall enter into any treaty.......................... felony.... or of which the emoluments shall have been increased..................... Neither House..................................... and in going to and returning from the same ....... Shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives Shall assemble at least once in every year.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 39 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor.... 10 ...... ..................................................... with the concurrence of two-thirds....... expel a member ................ Shall have power to borrow money on the credit of the United States ...... May at any time alter regulations for elections of Senators and Representatives............ during such term .............................................................. All legislative powers shall be vested in a ... and excises.................. Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation to be ascertained by law ... In criminal prosecutions the accused shall have.............. or ..... regulate its value and the value of foreign coin........................ Congress of the United States................................ To coin money..........

.......... To provide and maintain a Navy ........... ............. To raise and support armies................ To establish post-offices and post-roads ........... To exercise exclusive legislation over the District fixed for the seat of government......... Shall have power to make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States ..... Shall have power to enforce.................. To promote the progress of science and the useful arts To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court .. Persons engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the United States disqualified for Senators or Representatives in.............................................. and repeal invasions ................................................ 1 2 .... arsenals.......................... To define and punish piracies and felonies on the high seas and to punish offenses against the law of nations .. by appropriate legislation............................... No person holding any office under the United States shall accept of any present. records....... .............. To make all laws necessary and proper to carry into execution all powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States .... ................................... The manner in which the acts.... [Amendments] ......... ................................................................. convene either House of ................ To declare war..........40 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING To punish counterfeiting of securities and current coin of the United States .. [Amendments] ................................. ........... magazines....... [Amendments] .... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10...................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00046 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.......................................................................... To make rules for the government of the Army and Navy ........................... Sessions.............CC 932 .................. by appropriate legislation............................... or title of any kind from any foreign state.. 2 8 4 ............. May determine the time of choosing the electors for President and Vice President and the day on which they shall give their votes .......................... office..... without the consent of ..... [Amendments] ........................................... emolument........................... .... by appropriate legislation............. the fifteenth amendment.................... Amendments to the Constitution shall be proposed whenever it shall be deemed necessary by two-thirds of both Houses of ........ But such disqualification may be removed by a vote of two-thirds of both Houses of.............. [Amendments] ...................... grant letters of marque and reprisal........... To provide for organizing... Shall have power to enforce................ the thirteenth amendment.................... time of assembling...... To call out the militia to execute the laws.... 2 3 3 5 2 ........... Shall have power to enforce............. the nineteenth amendment........ and judicial proceedings of the States shall be prescribed by .......... arming......................... ............ ................................. but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years ... suppress insurrections...................... and make rules concerning captures on land and water ........................... [Amendments] ............... New States may be admitted by Congress into this Union ... on extraordinary occasions............................. by appropriate legislation.. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 1 2 2 4 4 4 5 13 14 14 14 15 19 20 9 1 3 1 3 3 .......... the fourteenth amendment.......... and over forts......... and equipping the militia ................................... Shall have power to enforce. and dockyards ......................... [Amendments] .... The President may...................

... emolument. .... keep troops or ships of war in time of peace. arsenals......... from any king.................................... Shall decide the issue of the inability of the President to discharge the powers and duties of his office......... Shall have power to enforce......... by and with the advice and 23 23 24 25 25 26 1 2 2 2 4 2 . 1 1 1 1 1 9 10 10 10 10 8 2 3 3 3 4 3 1 1 4 8 3 17 1 1 3 2 5 .......... Consent of Congress..................CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 41 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING To direct appointment of electors for President and Vice President by District of Columbia............. varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives............ the twenty-fourth amendment... No State shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate without its ............ Consent of the legislatures of the States and of Congress........ ..... or title of any kind whatever................. 2 4 ...... or foreign potentate......... No State shall engage in war unless actually invaded... [Amendments] ................ by appropriate legislation......... until an election of Representatives shall have intervened..... during the session of Congress.. Consent of the other.............. Congress shall exercise exclusive authority over all places purchased for the erection of forts....... No law.... without the ......... except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws.................... or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.. or parts of States............................. [Amendments] ..... the twenty-third amendment.... judges of the Supreme Court.. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00047 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932..................... No person holding any office of profit or trust under the United States shall accept of any present.. Shall have power to enforce...... Consent............... The President shall have power to make treaties.............. nor to any other place than that in which they shall be sitting............. Consent of the owner. as well as the .......... Neither House........... magazines....... other public ministers and consuls.................. .............. [Amendments] . [Amendments] .............. ........... 2 2 2 2 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10...................... by appropriate legislation.. or with a foreign power........ No soldier shall be quartered in time of peace in any house without the. without the ..... Consent of the Senate.......... ..................................... by appropriate legislation........ and all other officers created by law and not otherwise herein provided for........ ..... without the .... [Amendments] ... No new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State...... No State shall lay any duty of tonnage. the twenty-sixth amendment......... No State shall lay any imposts........................................ No State shall enter into any agreement or compact with another State..................... prince... and other needful buildings by the ....... by and with the advice and .. shall take effect.. Consent of the legislature of the State in which the same may be. [Amendments] ......... office... Shall have power to enforce............................................ without the . dockyards............. ....... Confirmation by majority vote of Vice President nominated by the President where vacancy in office occurs............. without the .. No States shall be formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of States without the .. nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more States.... without the .... or duties on imports.........CC 932 ............................. [Amendments] .............. 27 5 ....... ...... The President shall appoint ambassadors........... without the consent of the legislatures thereof. shall adjourn for more than three days. [Amendments] ...................................

......... or of any State (in respect to territory or other property of the United States)................. between a State or its citizens and foreign states. on extraordinary occasions.......................... Convene Congress or either House................................. or which shall be made....................... shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people................................. shall be eligible to the office of President...CC 932 ........ Constitution.............................................. No person except a natural-born citizen......... The President may .......... of the United States... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00048 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932...... between citizens of different States....... 1 2 2 3 8 1 1 2 18 5 8 1 4 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 9 10 3 .. All officers.. Convention for proposing amendments to the Constitution.. The ................ ............................... Constitution............ . executive.............. 1787 .............. 10 .. September 17.. . Constitution................ Constitution.. Congress.............................. are reserved to the States respectively or to the people...... 14 7 1 3 . Powers not delegated to the United States by the....... Constitution as under the Confederation shall be valid..... on the application of two-thirds of the legislatures of the States....... protect. Controversies to which the United States shall be a party: between two or more States........................................... in the Government of the United States. shall be the supreme law of the land........... citizens.................. ........................ and all treaties made.. or subjects........... ........................... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10... But no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification for any office or public trust .......... ........... 1 2 2 3 3 .............. No State shall pass any ex post facto law........ shall be bound by an oath to support the ..... and of the several States........ The judicial power shall extend to . ..42 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Constitution. ............... ................ The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be sufficient for the establishment of the ..... and then engaged in rebellion against the United States... of certain rights............ 2 .... [Amendments] Constitution. or in any department or officer thereof.. anything in the constitution or laws of a State to the contrary notwithstanding....... Constitution between the States so ratifying the same............ between a State and citizens of another State.................................... Done in convention by the unanimous consent of the States present.............. Constitution... Congress shall have power to pass all laws necessary to the execution of the powers vested by the ................. or law impairing the obligation of ... 2 1 3 2 5 2 3 .......... Constitution................... nor prohibited by it to the States............................ The President............ shall be bound thereby ...... The manner in which amendments may be proposed and ratified ...... and defend the ........ All debts and engagements contracted before the adoption of the ............ 1 ...... shall take an oath to preserve...... and judicial...... The enumeration in the.... .. legislative. Disqualification for office imposed upon certain class of persons who took an oath to support the................... Constitution.......................... The judicial power shall extend to all cases arising under the Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States.. laws.. and treaties of the United States.... Constitution and the laws made in pursuance thereof.... Contracts.. [Amendments] ... by the United States.... Nothing in the ... before he enters upon the execution of his office............. between citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States................................ The judges in every State................................... Constitution............................................... [Amendments] .. .... may call a ...... or a citizen at the time of the adoption of the .....................................................

.... ............... Courts........... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. the accused shall have a speedy and public trial by jury in the State and district where the crime was committed......... No State shall emit bills of ................................... or in the militia when in actual service.. They shall be tried in the State within which they may be committed ............................................................................................................. ....... Excessive bail shall not be required...... Criminal prosecutions.. [Amendments] ........ The ratification of the ..... Corruption of blood... records..................... When not committed in a State... Except in cases in the military and naval forces................... in the heads of departments..... The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offices during good behavior ................... Crimes..... shall be tried by jury...... ...... ............ nor.. 8 8 1 1 1 2 10 8 1 .................... [Amendments] ................. Congress shall have power to borrow money on the ....... Conventions of nine States shall be sufficient for the establishment of the Constitution.............. ............ ............ He shall be confronted with the witnesses against him.....CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 43 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Convention... He shall have the assistance of counsel in his defense.............. or in the ... Crime............................ ................................... Attainder of treason shall not work ...................................................... [Amendments] . unless on a presentment of a grand jury... Full faith and ........... 3 3 3 .................................................................... Cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.............. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00049 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.... ..... ....... and judicial proceedings of each State..................... The President................ Congress shall provide for the punishment of ............ Congress shall have power to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court ........................... No person as a witness shall be compelled to.. ..... ........ [Amendments] ... 2 ........... Adoption of the Constitution in ............................. 2 2 2 4 ...... He shall have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor. nor excessive fines imposed....... bribery................ 6 9 ........................................... Courts....... Their compensation shall not be diminished during their continuance in office ...... or other .. .................. He shall be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation.... and all civil officers shall be removed on impeachment for and conviction of treason............... 7 7 1 1 3 6 1 1 3 3 3 2 1 1 4 5 5 3 3 3 2 6 6 6 6 6 5 8 ............... [Amendments] .... .............................. Courts as Congress may establish.... Credit shall be given in every other State to the public acts....................... 6 8 2 ... Conviction in cases of impeachment shall not be had without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present Copyrights to authors for limited times. All ... In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the assistance of... 2 1 2 ......................... Courts of law............... Counsel for his defense............................ . Counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States... In all... Vice President........... [Amendments] ............... Criminate himself......... [Amendments] ... [Amendments] ......................CC 932 .................................................................... No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous... ..... Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers as they think proper in the President alone............ .................... Credit of the United States...... Congress shall have power to provide for .................................... [Amendments] ................... 3 8 3 ............... 1787............ ......................... Credit... except in cases of impeachment.................... [Amendments] .... ................. they shall be tried at the places which Congress may by law have provided Crimes and misdemeanors.................. ...................... by the unanimous consent of the States present on the 17th of September....... The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and such inferior .

Day on which they shall vote for President and Vice President.................... [Amendments] . [Amendments] ... without the consent of Congress.... which shall be the same throughout the United States. 1 2 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10..... To insure the common............................. [Amendments] ........................... Declare war............... engage in war unless actually invaded...........44 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause D Dangers as will not admit of delay........................................... [Preamble] .. Debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States................. Debts and engagements contracted before the adoption of this Constitution shall be as valid against the United States... In case of............ 11 ... ........................................................ Delegated to the United States.................................................. Death....... engage in war................. Departments............... [Amendments] ..................................................................................... Neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any.......... [Amendments] ... Congress may provide by law for the case of the removal ..... No State shall make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of .............................................. 8 ......................... [Amendments] . ............................................................... No State shall............................................ and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members. under it.................... 3 3 ........... Congress shall have power to ...... without the consent of Congress. Day to day........ .... 1 ........ resignation............ Departments upon any subject relating to their duties............... 4 1 6 . Delaware entitled to one Representative in the first Congress . 1 10 3 2 1 2 25 2 25 1 5 1 ..... Debt of the United States.................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00050 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932......... Defense and general welfare throughout the United States........ or in such imminent danger as will not admit of ....... nor prohibited to the States..... 1 6 1 1 10 9 2 2 4 8 ......... Defense..CC 932 ........................................................... 1 .. Congress shall have power to pay the debts and provide for the common ............... [Amendments] ....... including debts for pensions and bounties incurred in suppressing insurrection or rebellion.......................... Congress shall have power to pay the ....................... and the ................................. unless actually invaded....... grant letters of marque and reprisal. A smaller number than a quorum of each House may adjourn from ................ or in such imminent .................. Delay... The powers not.................. as under the Confederation ................... 2 2 . 1 1 1 14 1 .. Congress may by law vest the appointment of inferior officers in the heads of ... promote the general welfare...................................... Defense..... or inability of the President................................. powers and duties of his office shall devolve on the Vice President ..... and make rules concerning captures on land and water............................................... Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors.................................. 2 10 . 6 ...................... No State shall......................... are reserved to the States or to the people..... shall not be questioned................. 14 1 1 6 4 10 8 .................................... The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to. &c....... Deny or disparage others retained by the people............ Debts.. The validity of the public.... or claims for the loss or emancipation of any slave........... In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the assistance of counsel for his............................. Debts or obligations incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States............ The President may require the written opinion of the principal officers in each of the executive ....

................ Provisions in case of the ..... No person shall be compelled.. But Congress may............... or hold any office........................ or property without.... &c..... Electors for President and Vice President........ No tax or ........ who.... Each House may punish its members for ........ Domestic tranquility.. [Amendments] ....... [Amendments] No State shall deprive any person of life.............. Duties........ liberty... afterward engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the United States......... 2 2 ....................................................... 1 8 8 9 ................... ...... 1 1 5 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10........... ......... afterward engaged in insurrection or rebellion......... or any State...... No capitation or other ....... Disability of the President and Vice President................ [Amendments] ............ or of any State...................... [Amendments] ...................... Disparage others retained by the people.. 4 5 14 1 1 1 3 3 8 1 8 ............ 17 ...... remove such disability..... [Preamble] .............................................. 14 14 2 1 1 9 3 3 3 5 5 ........ No person shall be a member of either House........ 4 ...............CC 932 ...................... 1 1 6 6 2 2 14 14 1 23 1 ........... No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress............... Direct taxes and Representatives..................... .......... 17 .... during the time for which he was elected. The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or.... by a vote of two-thirds of each House......... the President may adjourn them to such time as he may think proper............. District of Columbia........ under the United States.... [Amendments] ................. .. But Congress may.................... civil or military.......................................................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00051 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932......... Disagreement between the two Houses as to the time of adjournment........... or any State....... be appointed to any office under the United States which shall have been created or its emoluments increased during such term ........ Disqualification.. or judicial officer of the United States.................. [Amendments] ............... to be a witness against himself..... The United States shall protect each State against invasion and .. Shall be uniform throughout the United States .......................... [Amendments] ....... and excises............ 4 3 6 ......................................................... presidential elector.................... 1 1 2 25 9 2 1 .. by a vote of two-thirds of each House... ........ [Amendments] ................................ who having previously taken an oath as a legislative............................ Congress shall exercise exclusive legislation in all cases over the .............. in any criminal case............... No Senator or Representative shall.... or presidential elector............... how apportioned among the several States .. Domestic violence.................................................... In case of ....................... Disability.... having previously sworn to support the Constitution...... [Amendments] . Disorderly behavior......... or hold any office under the United States........... to support the Constitution..... remove such........... Due process of law.............................. Dockyards........................ Congress shall have exclusive authority over all places purchased for the erection of ........ or property without........... imposts..................... And with the concurrence of two-thirds expel a member . Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes ......... No person holding any office under the United States shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office ...................... To insure..... provide for the common defense......................... appointment in such manner as the Congress may direct................................................................. ............................. executive... liberty........ nor be deprived of life.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 45 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Direct tax shall be laid unless in proportion to the census or enumeration............... . Duties shall be laid on articles exported from any State...

....................... No State shall lay any .......... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00052 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932..................... Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors and the day on which they shall give their votes Which day shall be the same throughout the United States ........ Congress shall declare what officer shall act ........ Each House shall be the judge of the ........ or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States............. alter such regulations..... at any time......... 4 4 24 1 1 1 17 1 17 1 4 4 5 1 2 1 . Electors for President and Vice President......... without the consent of Congress................... Duty of tonnage without the consent of Congress............. removal................................ 1 ................ The day of the ............................................... [Amendments] ......................... No State shall lay any ....... a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress ....... Elections for Senators and Representatives........................................................... In case of the disability of the President and Vice President..................................... Repeal...................... Shall be the same throughout the United States.. 10 6 2 2 2 6 ............ Returns and qualifications of its own members......................... On imports and exports......................... Qualifications of...................................CC 932 ................ [Amendments] .......................... The right of citizens of the United States to vote in shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax..................................................... All laws laying such duties shall be subject to the revision and control of Congress .... Vessels clearing in the ports of one State shall not be obliged to pay ............... in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct........ The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for President and Vice President............... [Amendments] ................ at least.. Congress may determine the day for the ....... 6 ........................... one of whom.............................................. 1 .................................... [Amendments] ............ Electors for Senators...... [Amendments] ............................................................. Elections........ Electors for members of the House of Representatives. .............. But no Senator or Representative......... except where necessary for executing its inspection laws. Qualifications of ............. 3 21 2 2 1 1 1 .... places........... shall devolve on the Vice President ..... or inability to act.. But Congress may................... 1 1 1 .... [Amendments] ..... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10...... The net produce of all such duties shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States ................ 1 1 1 1 2 25 2 25 1 9 10 10 10 1 ........46 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Duties in another State............. shall be appointed an elector ....... Senators elected by the people..... The legislatures of the States shall prescribe the times...... except as to the places of choosing Senators ............... E Eighteenth Amendment........... 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 4 4 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 12 .... Duties and powers of the office of President................................... Each State shall appoint.................................. in case of his death........................................................ Election of President and Vice President..................................................... shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves....... and manner of holding .. [Amendments] ....

8 8 8 8 .... ............ They shall make distinct lists of the persons voted for as President and of persons voted for as Vice President........ Ratio of representation not to exceed one of every 30.................. 23 12 1 ...... by a vote of two-thirds of each House............................ in all cases.... or giving aid and comfort to their ........ without the consent of Congress...................... All duties........... [Amendments] ................................. Electors shall name.. [Amendments] .......... Enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people....................... [Amendments] ...................................... All debts and ........... Congress shall exercise ......... in adhering to.............. The ratification of nine States shall be sufficient for the ...... prince....... arsenals.......... imposts. No State shall ........... Emit bills of credit.......... remove such disability... . [Amendments] ........ Claims for the loss or....... Treason shall consist in levying war against the United States............ 3 1 .............. Equal suffrage in the Senate...................... Emolument of any kind from any king.......... and afterwards engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the United States..... Ex post facto law.... and .... The............ ........... 2 2 . ......................... magazines.... nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted... of its ..................... and . Enemies........ . ..... 9 10 .... nor excessive fines imposed... 14 14 14 1 1 3 6 1 1 16 9 14 5 7 1 1 8 1 1 1 1 3 3 4 10 9 3 .............. and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice President....... ......... or law impairing the obligation of contracts.....CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 47 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING The District of Columbia to appoint................ 12 . Equal protection of the laws............ or foreign state........ .......... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00053 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932..... and transmit sealed to the seat of government..... directed to the President of the Senate.. Excessive bail shall not be required......................... over such district as may become the seat of government.................. 1 8 1 1 3 3 ............................. . and within every subsequent term of ten years thereafter ... or of any State.................. 1 ......... No State shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the... the person voted for as President.................. No person having taken an oath as a legislative.................. executive or judicial officer of the United States........ ...................000 until the first enumeration shall be made ..... Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes................................................ a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the District would be entitled if a State...CC 932 ........................... [Amendments] .................................... which they shall sign and certify.......... Establishment of this Constitution between the States ratifying the same. Emancipation of any slave shall be held to be illegal and void.... Congress shall exercise ......... imposts...... Enumeration of the inhabitants shall be made within three years after the first meeting of Congress...... Excises..... No bill of attainder or ...... Shall be uniform throughout the United States.............. Engagements contracted before the adoption of this Constitution shall be valid.. No State shall be deprived without its consent. Ex post facto law shall be passed. dock-yards and other needful buildings...... shall be an elector But Congress may. [Amendments] ........ No person holding any office under the United States shall accept any .............. in their ballots............... .. [Amendments] ... Exclusive legislation... No State shall pass any bill of attainder .. [Amendments] ....... in such manner as the Congress may direct..................... Income tax authorized without regard to.......... [Amendments] ............... 1 1 17 17 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10............................ duties........ Over all places purchased for the erection of forts...........

and to regulate the value of ....... Attainder of treason shall not work ........ Extraordinary occasions...... Executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.. and other needful buildings......................................................... F Faith and credit in each State shall be given to the acts.... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00054 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932................................ shall be for the use of the Treasury................ Excessive fines shall not be imposed........................................................................ except during the life of the person attainted................... records............. may .. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican .................... Felony. 1 2 7 5 2 2 2 ...... except upon certain conditions..............CC 932 .......... 2 2 4 1 5 9 9 10 10 10 3 3 1 2 ........ Expenditures of public money shall be published from time to time.................. fix the standard of weights and measures.......... [Amendments] Foreign coin........ 1 17 . The President may convene both Houses..... and judicial proceedings of another State........................... on the application of the legislature or the ................................. against domestic violence .............. Each House... No State shall.... 10 1 ............................... lay any duties on .... Executive of a State........................... Foreign power. The United States shall protect each State against invasion and domestic violence.... 4 4 1 2 4 3 8 ........... No State shall.. Fines........... Congress shall exercise exclusive authority over all places purchased for the erection of ........ cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10........ Shall be subject to the revision and control of Congress........................ Forfeiture......... Exports or imports................. and breach of the peace............... Free State............................. No tax or duty shall be laid on ..................................... And shall protect each of them against invasion........... Laid by any State................ magazines............... 4 1 1 8 1 1 1 3 4 1 8 6 ............................................... 5 3 3 2 ........ Felonies committed on the high seas.... on ..... with the concurrence of twothirds............................... A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a..... The net produce of all duties on .. among the States...................... On subjects relating to their duties the President may require the written opinions of the principal officers in each of the ... Executive departments................................ without the consent of Congress. and with the Indian tribes............... Congress shall have power to coin money............. A regular statement of the receipts and .......... Members of Congress shall not be privileged from arrest for treason ...... Full ...................... enter into any compact or agreement with any ... The .............. Expel a member...... without the consent of Congress.......48 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Executive and judicial officers of the United States and of the several States shall be bound by an oath to support the Constitution ...... or either House of Congress.............. 6 2 2 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 ......... dock-yards.......... and on application of the legislature or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened)..... Congress may by law vest the appointment of inferior officers in the heads of ............... [Amendments] .............. Foreign nations. Formation of new States..... Congress shall have power to regulate commerce with ............. All laws of the States laying duties on ............................. Exportations from any State...... Provisions relating to the ...... Congress shall have power to define and punish piracies and .... .......... arsenals. Form of government.. Forts................ the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed............ 8 8 10 3 4 ..........

..... and on application of the legislature or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence ... ..... Congress shall have power to provide for the common defense and ...................... 1 1 1 3 4 .............. The United States shall ............................................. G General welfare and secure the blessings of liberty...................... escaping into another State......... 1 1 2 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 9 2 2 4 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 ................................................ The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of ....... Congress shall consist of a Senate and .... on demand........ 4 4 .... 1 3 1 ............... 8 2 10 1 4 .......... Qualifications of electors for members of the .... shall be delivered up to the party to whom such service or labor may be due ..................... And shall protect each of them against invasion................................. H Habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless in cases of rebellion or invasion...... [Preamble.. Good behavior....... vest the appointment of inferior officers in the .............. Grand jury.........] ..................... unless on the presentment of a... High crimes and misdemeanors........ No person shall be a member who shall not have attained the age of twenty-five years....... [Amendments] .......... [Amendments] ........................ ..... 1 4 4 ......... The President............................. On any subject relating to their duties.. Government.............. 4 ...............CC 932 ................. Shall be composed of members chosen every second year ............ 2 3 .......................... 4 5 5 4 4 ...... ... by law.. or other ... The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offices during ...... And shall protect each of them against invasion............. House of Representatives............. Vice President................... General welfare............ and been seven years a citizen of the United States .......... Georgia entitled to three Representatives in the first Congress ................ .............. Congress may............................... No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime........................ Gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts...................CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 49 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Freedom of speech or the press................... ............................. Heads of departments....... and all civil officers shall be removed on impeachment for and conviction of treason............ be delivered up to the authorities of the State from which they may flee ..... and on application of the legislature or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened)............................................................................... bribery... .................. No State shall make anything but . &c....................................................... the President may require the written opinion of the principal officers in each of the executive departments ................. To promote the............................... Fugitives from service or labor in one State... and in the militia when in actual service..... Fugitives from crime found in another State shall........... The writ of ................ Guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of government...................... Except in cases arising in the land and naval forces....... against domestic violence ............... [Amendments] ......................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00055 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.... 2 2 ...................................................................... Congress shall make no law abridging the..............................................................

........... No person holding any office under the United States shall................................. and qualifications of its own members ......................... No person......... taken an oath to support the Constitution...... .. 1 10 3 1 3 5 6 .......... They shall vote by States........... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00056 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932...... unless actually invaded or in such ..... May determine its own rules of proceedings .. ......... remove such disability.... No person having as a legislative................... and.. 12 12 ........ [Amendments] .................... be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective houses................... and in going and returning from the same ....... each State counting one vote....................................................... No soldier shall be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner in time of peace........ in all cases except treason..50 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause The executives of the several States shall issue writs of election to fill vacancies in the .............. Shall not adjourn for more than three days during the session of Congress without the consent of the Senate . Immunities..... Shall choose their Speaker and other officers ...................................... ..... Members of Congress shall......... without the consent of Congress................... .. 4 5 5 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 1 2 2 1 .................... A quorum shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States..................... ........... and compel the attendance of absent members ....... and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to the choice of a President............ or judicial officer of the United States............ ......... cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10..... Members shall not be questioned for any speech or debate in either House or in any other place ............................ [Amendments] ....... A majority shall constitute a quorum to do business ........ Shall have the sole power of impeachment . shall be a member of the. Shall be the judge of the elections.......... But Congress may.... then from the three highest on the list the House of Representatives shall immediately...... expel a member Shall keep a journal of its proceedings ..... 14 14 3 3 ............................. executive...... [Amendments] .. ....... 1 . while holding such office............... and breach of the peace.. No State shall....... If no person have a majority of electoral votes............ [Amendments] ...... Less than a majority may adjourn from day to day........... shall be appointed to an office which shall have been created or the emoluments increased during his membership All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the ........ choose a President... The votes for President and Vice President shall be counted in the presence of the Senate and. by a vote of two-thirds of each house...... 12 ...... felony...... be a member of the ...... and afterwards engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the United States.CC 932 ........... [Amendments] ...... May punish its members for disorderly behavior..... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12 2 2 2 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 7 ... [Amendments] ........... while a member of either House...... with the concurrence of two-thirds............................................... by ballot................ or of any State............... engage in war. returns.... [Amendments] .................... I Imminent danger as will not admit of delay........ [Amendments] No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of life and limb for the same offense............................................

................CC 932 ............................................................................................. [Amendments] ........................................ 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00057 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932... and all civil officers shall be removed upon ...................... In case of the death.......... 1 ................................................................................................. In case of the death...... All laws of States laying duties on ....... 6 ... No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States.......................... or property without due process of law......................... But the party convicted shall be liable to indictment and punishment according to law .............................. or affirmation......................... duties ........ [Amendments] ........ All taxes.... [Amendments] ... and subject to the jurisdiction thereof.................................................. The President......................... ........................ The net produce of all duties on ................ Shall be uniform throughout the United States...... duties ........... Nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law......... .................. Importation of slaves prior to 1808 shall not be prohibited by the Congress .......... [Amendments] ..... or . resignation...... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.......... lay any imposts or duties on ................. without the consent of Congress........... Nor shall any State deprive any person of life............................ or [Amendments] ............... The President may grant reprieves and pardons except in cases of ............ death......................................... Impeachments..... [Amendments] ......................................... The Senate shall have the sole power to try all ..................... When the President of the United States is tried the Chief Justice shall preside ................ Imports or exports shall be subject to the revision and control of Congress................................. Vice President.................................................... . 6 6 6 6 7 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 25 25 2 25 10 10 10 8 8 1 ....... Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes....... resignation.......................................... ......... liberty................ ................................ Judgment shall not extend beyond removal from office and disqualification to hold office ........CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 51 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING All persons born or naturalized in the United States............................. Impeachment................................................... No State shall..................... Imports or exports except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws.... and other high crimes and misdemeanors......... [Amendments] .. The powers and duties of his office shall devolve on the Vice President..... or removal................................. bribery... are citizens of the United States and of the State in which they reside........................................................................ resignation................ The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of ............. Imports or exports laid by any State shall be for the use of the Treasury............ Inability of the President..... 14 14 14 14 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 ............. But a tax or duty of ten dollars for each person may be imposed on such ... The Vice President shall succeed to the office of the President........ or ................... Impeachment for and conviction of treason................................................. 2 2 2 1 1 6 ............. Inability of the President or Vice President......... The Senate shall be on oath... No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present ........... 1 5 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 9 9 .... when sitting for the trial of ............. Imposts and excises.... Congress may provide by law for the case of the removal...................................................................

.................. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00058 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932................ and who shall not................................................. 2 1 3 3 14 14 14 1 18 21 21 1 1 4 3 3 4 8 1 1 2 10 9 4 ....... having taken an oath as a legislative...... Indictment or presentment of a grand jury........................... 3 .. No State shall............. Intoxicating liquors......................... Their compensation shall not be diminished during their continuance in office .. [Amendments] .. or presidential elector..................... engage in war unless actually invaded. Except in cases arising in the land and naval forces......... .... Prohibition of manufacture.......................... or any State.... for delivery or use therein in violation of their laws... The writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless in case of rebellion or .... No person shall be held to answer for a capital or infamous crime unless on [Amendments] ......... 3 2 ...... ............ No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress...... or in the heads of Departments ............ and punishment..... [Amendments] ... Indian tribes... when elected...... who. Inferior courts..... civil or military... Insurrection or rebellion against the United States............... Congress. may by law vest the appointment of in the President alone........ be an ................. [Amendments] ...... No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained the age of thirty years.... or judicial officer of the United States.................... remove such disabilities..... No person shall be held to answer for a capital or [Amendments] ...................... 16 1 5 5 1 5 1 3 3 3 2 .............. [Amendments] . . or exportation of........ importation....................... afterwards engaged in......... ... Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment................................ [Amendments] ............... ................ by a vote of two-thirds of each House............... Congress shall have power to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court .. without the consent of Congress..... 3 ........... executive.................. Indictment.................... in the courts of law................. Inhabitant of the State for which he shall be chosen......... Invasion. 15 ......................... ........................ if they think proper........................................ ........ and in the militia when in actual service.. Invasion and domestic violence.......... prohibited............ [Amendments] ...... Infamous crime unless on presentment or indictment of a grand jury........................... been nine years a citizen of the United States...................................52 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Income taxes...... judgment................... Insurrections and repel invasions.... Transportation or importation into any State........ Debts declared illegal and void which were contracted in aid of.................... sale...... 8 1 1 1 2 ............... 9 ........................... But Congress may................ VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10............ or hold any office......... The United States shall protect each State against ............. Territory or possession. Inferior courts as Congress may establish.............. or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay ......... according to law.... transportation..... Congress shall have power to lay and collect without apportionment among the several States...... and without regard to any census or enumeration........... 7 .....CC 932 ..... trial............. 8 .... Congress shall have power to regulate commerce with the ...... Congress shall provide for calling forth the militia to suppress ............ The judges of both the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offices during good behavior ...... .................. [Amendments] ...................... Inferior officers.......... under the United States...... The party convicted in case of impeachment shall nevertheless be liable and subject to ......... or of a State... The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and such .................................... [Amendments] .....

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office..................................... Involuntary servitude......................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00059 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932..... Judicial power of the United States.............. .... [Amendments] ....................................... 1 1 ............................CC 932 ............................................................. 5 1 6 3 3 ........ and disqualification to hold any office of honor...... To controversies between two or more States .............. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court. Judges in every State shall be bound by the Constitution......................... The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offices during good behavior ....................................................... To controversies between a State and citizens of another State ............... 1 1 6 1 3 3 ... other public ministers........... Journal of its proceedings.......... abolished in the United States...................... and consuls .......................................................................................... To all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction ......... 1 1 13 8 8 1 15 8 ....................................................... Their compensation shall not be diminished during their continuance in office ................ 5 ........................................................... the laws and treaties of the United States.................. [Amendments] ................................... To citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States .................... But the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment.. J Jeopardy of life and limb for the same offense................................... Judicial and executive officers of the United States and of the several States shall be bound by an oath to support the Constitution .... Their compensation shall not be diminished during their continuance in office ........ Congress shall provide for calling forth the militia to suppress insurrections and repel ......................................... 1 1 1 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10....................... [Amendments] .. judgment.......... To controversies between a State or its citizens and foreign states.. Judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offices during good behavior ......................... Slavery and......................................... trial........CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 53 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Invasions.................. To controversies to which the United States shall be a party ............................................................. It shall extend to all cases in law and equity arising under the Constitution........ ............. No person shall be twice put in.............................. or subjects .. laws..... except as a punishment for crime.... and punishment according to law .............................. To all cases affecting ambassadors............................................... citizens........ Inventors and authors in their inventions and writings....... 2 2 2 ........ and in such inferior courts as Congress may from time to time ordain and establish .............. trust............................... 3 2 ....................... 8 7 7 3 9 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 11 3 3 3 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 ............................. .... Each House shall keep a ........................... and treaties of the United States ..... 1 1 1 1 1 1 . Congress may pass laws to secure for limited times exclusive rights to ... To controversies between citizens of different States ...................................... or profit under the United States ........................................................... Congress shall have power to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court ................ which shall be the supreme law of the land ...

.. Jurisdiction............ [Amendments] ............... 2 2 1 1 2 2 3 ....... 1 1 ... records.......... and .......................... Junction of two or more States or parts of States without the consent of the legislatures and of Congress. where the value exceeds twenty dollars.. the Supreme Court shall have original .......................................................... other public ministers and consuls....... [Amendments] ........... .......................................... Labor..CC 932 ............ Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the acts.............. The trial shall be held in the State where the crimes shall have been committed ....... Jurisdiction of another State....................... be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction............... L cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 11 4 4 ...................................................... in one State escaping into another State shall be delivered up to the party to whom such service or labor may be due.... The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction in all cases affecting ambassadors... The trial of all crimes......... 3 3 4 4 3 3 3 6 7 7 5 ....... ......................................... . Fugitives from service or ........... The trial of all crimes....................... shall be by jury ............. .............. insure domestic tranquility. ......... both as to law and fact............... both as to law and fact............ with such exceptions and regulations as Congress may make .................... ......... ............. it shall have appellate jurisdiction..... [Preamble] ..... The judicial power of the United States shall not be held to extend to any suit in law or equity commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another State......... . shall be tried by...... Where a fact has been tried by a jury it shall not be reexamined except by the rules of the common law........................................................ No new State shall. Judiciary.......... except in cases of impeachment...... [Amendments] .............. other public ministers and consuls............................ In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have a speedy and public trial by............. The Supreme Court shall have appellate .. But when not committed in a State....... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00060 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932............... ............. No State shall be formed by the ........... In all cases affecting ambassadors and other public ministers and consuls... with such exceptions and under such regulations as Congress may make............... The Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction both as to law and fact........................... records................... and those in which a State may be a party ......... and in cases where a State is a party.......................... and those in which a State shall be a party........ 2 2 3 3 2 2 2 .......................... without the consent of Congress........................ [Amendments] ...... or by citizens or subjects of any Foreign State....... Congress shall prescribe the manner of proving such acts......... [Amendments] .... Just compensation................... the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction ............................ Judicial proceedings of every other State..... with such exceptions and under such regulations as Congress shall make ................54 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause In all cases affecting ambassadors...... In all other cases before mentioned....... Jury...... except in cases of impeachment.............. and proceedings ............... All suits at common law........... To establish............... &c.................... Justice.......................... ................ 4 2 3 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10............................... shall be by .... Private property shall not be taken for public use without........ the trial shall be at such place or places as Congress may by law have directed ................

.......... or the Executive (when the legislature cannot be convened)....... Congress shall exercise exclusive ..................................................... ......... Congress shall make rules for the government and regulation of the ...... .. Legislation in all cases over such district as may become the seat of government.... .......... Congress shall have power to enforce the twenty-fourth amendment by appropriate.. Liberty to ourselves and our posterity........... The Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction as to .......... [Amendments] .................. Laws and treaties of the United States.................... Congress shall have power to enforce the twenty-third amendment by appropriate..... Congress shall have power to enforce the twenty-sixth amendment by appropriate....... The United States shall protect each State against invasion and domestic violence........................... 4 .. ................. Laws..CC 932 .............................. arsenals.. ... .......... or in any department or officer of the United States..................... [Amendments] ......... [Amendments] . repel invasion...... dock-yards.............. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00061 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.......... [Amendments] .............. On the application of the ..................... Congress shall have power to enforce the fourteenth amendment by appropriate.............. [Amendments] ................................ Law and fact.. No State shall grant . Legislation... The Constitution....... [Amendments] .................... Congress shall have power to enforce the fifteenth amendment by appropriate........................... .............. ........................ Law of nations.. Law of the land.... or the .............. and other needful buildings. [Amendments] .......... Congress shall call a convention for proposing amendments to the Constitution................................... 1 3 1 6 6 1 1 3 1 1 1 8 2 8 ... Legislature................ The judges in every State shall be bound thereby ... and to execute the Laws necessary to carry into execution the powers vested in the government.......................... Congress shall make all ................................................................. Congress shall provide for punishing offenses against the . 11 1 .......... with exceptions and under regulations to be made by Congress....... ................................. To secure the blessings of........................... 2 2 2 1 18 ............... Congress shall have power to grant ................... Congress shall have power to enforce the nineteenth amendment by appropriate.............................. 8 10 ........... No State shall make anything but gold and silver coin a ..................... Letters of marque and reprisal............. Congress shall exercise exclusive Over all places purchased for the erection of forts. [Amendments] ..... Legal tender in payment of debts............... and treaties of the United States..... Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce the eighteenth amendment by appropriate................ ...... The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and equity arising under the Constitution......... magazines.................. Congress shall provide for calling forth the militia to suppress insurrection...... Legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in Congress................................... Congress shall have power to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution all the powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States or in any department or officer thereof Congress shall have power to enforce the thirteenth amendment. [Preamble] ......... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10........................................ 8 8 2 10 8 8 14 2 10 2 2 15 18 1 1 17 17 1 13 14 15 18 19 23 24 26 1 8 2 5 2 2 ............ All ... &c.............. the laws made in pursuance thereof............. prohibiting slavery........................ shall be the supreme ........... ........................... Legislatures of two-thirds of the States................ 4 5 1 1 ........... by appropriate..........CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 55 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Land and naval forces... on the application of the ..................................

...... The judicial power shall extend to all cases of admiralty and ................ Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice..... Congress shall have exclusive authority over all places purchased for the erection of ......... Congress shall provide for organizing.... Congress shall provide for governing such part of them as may be employed by the United States . and other needful buildings. 3 15 16 16 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.............. and property without due process of law.............. No State shall grant any letters of ............... and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.......... 1 11 1 3 3 5 1 4 2 12 23 6 1 1 1 .................. M Magazines................. arsenals........................... [Amendments] .......... unless they shall by law appoint a different day ........... Congress shall have power to grant letters of .............................. [Amendments] District of Columbia........ nor be deprived of...... No person shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself.. a quorum shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States........... Measures.......... ...................... nor deprive any person of....... ...................... .... Life. No State shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States..... 1 1 1 8 5 5 17 1 1 12 ..................... ............... Majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business........................ 1 ....... .. dock-yards......................................... Marque and reprisal...............................CC 932 ... [Amendments] ............................................ 1 4 ................. [Amendments] ....... Congress shall provide for calling forth the ... The Electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for President and Vice President.............................................. When the choice of a Vice President shall devolve on the Senate..... a quorum shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators........ Meeting of Electors............... [Amendments] ..................................... at least............................................ 8 8 8 ...................................................... The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year.. [Amendments] ..... one of whom...................... [Amendments] .......... suppress insurrections................................................. 12 3 1 1 1 1 1 ........... When the choice of a President shall devolve on the House of Representatives........................................ liberty............... But a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members ....... Congress shall fix the standard of weights and . Members of Congress and of State legislatures shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support the Constitution Militia to execute the laws..........56 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Life or limb for the same offense.......... electors for President and Vice President appointed by District.................. and disciplining the .............................. 5 14 14 ........... Loss or emancipation of any slave shall be held illegal and void.... but a........... and repel invasions..................... 2 8 10 2 2 8 ........ and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December.................................... [Amendments] ......... Massachusetts entitled to eight Representatives in the first Congress .... No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of... 5 ....... Claims for the................................... shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves..................... A ....................... Meeting of Congress......... arming................................................ Maryland entitled to six Representatives in the first Congress ................. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00062 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.................................................... Maritime jurisdiction......................

....................................................... 2 5 7 7 12 1 1 2 1 8 8 1 8 3 10 5 4 14 1 1 1 1 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 8 8 2 2 3 3 3 2 9 10 ................................................ No title of .. Congress shall make rules and regulations for the government and regulation of the land and ....................... Natural-born citizen. For raising and supporting armies..................... New Jersey entitled to four Representatives in the first Congress ....... Shall be drawn from the Treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law....................................................................... Congress shall provide for punishing offenses against the law of .......... No appropriation of money shall be for a longer term than two years ......... 4 8 8 9 9 8 16 ........................... Congress shall have power to provide and maintain a ............... No . [Amendments] .......... 14 13 3 3 1 1 1 3 8 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10............................................ N Nations. Congress shall have power to establish a uniform rule of ..... ................................ New York entitled to six Representatives in the first Congress .... Vice President. bribery................ Nobility shall be granted by the United States.................... No person except a ............... Congress shall have power to regulate commerce with foreign ..................................... The President.. Congress shall have power to borrow ..... and subject to their jurisdiction..................... But no new State shall be formed within the jurisdiction of another State without the consent of Congress ....... The President shall nominate.........CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 57 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Reserving to the States the appointment of the officers and the right to train the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress ... He may grant commissions to fill vacancies that happen in the recess of the Senate................. shall be eligible for the office of President...................... or other high crimes and ..... A regular statement and account of receipts and expenditures of public ................................................................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00063 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932................................. shall be citizens of the United States and of the States in which they reside................................ by and with the advice and consent of the Senate................... Congress shall have power to coin ....... the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed...................... New States may be admitted by Congress into this Union ............................ and all civil officers shall be removed on impeachment for and conviction of treason....................................................................... Regulate the value thereof and of foreign coin...... New Hampshire entitled to three Representatives in the first Congress .......... Money on the credit of the United States................ No State shall grant any title of ....................................................................................................... A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State......... without the consent of the legislatures and of Congress ................... which shall expire at the end of their next session .....CC 932 ... Nominations for office by the President...................... All persons born......................................... [Amendments] .................................................................................... shall appoint ambassadors and other public officers ............ Nor shall any State be formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of States.... and. Naturalized in the United States.......................... Shall be published from time to time. Misdemeanors........................................ or. Naturalization......... or a citizen at the adoption of the Constitution..... 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 8 ................. Naval forces................ Navy...

............. But no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification for office ........ No person holding any office under the United States shall accept any present....................... or its emoluments increased. 3 2 1 2 2 4 1 ..... Office of President............................. without the consent of Congress..... Or title of any kind from any king........................... The powers and duties of the ................................ Offenses against the law of nations........................... The President and Vice President shall hold ................................ The President may grant reprieves or pardons for ................. Senators and Representatives........................................................................... .. No warrants shall be issued but upon probable cause supported by........ 1 2 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. During the term of four years.... in case of his removal........................... Objections.................... Office under the United States...................... emolument .......................................... members of State legislatures........58 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause The President shall nominate a successor to the Vice President whenever a vacancy in office occurs [Amendments] . 8 2 6 3 3 6 2 1 .... resignation.............................. Congress shall provide for punishing .......................... .. If he shall not approve it...... 3 7 10 4 . or law impairing the .... Offense....... Obligations incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States to be held illegal and void.... Of trust or profit under the United States shall be an elector for President and Vice President............................................ prince..............................................................CC 932 ......... No State shall pass any ex post facto law................ or inability...... or foreign State............................................. 1 1 8 6 ............................... [Amendments] ............. shall devolve on the Vice President............. Form of the ....... No person shall be a member of either House while holding any civil ......... 10 1 2 1 6 2 1 2 25 2 2 9 1 ........ Oath or affirmation to support the Constitution..... Against the United States............ during the term for which he is elected ........................................................... [Amendments] ............... 8 ................... except in cases of impeachment.. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00064 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932...... [Amendments] ............................. No person holding an ..................... The Senators when sitting to try impeachment shall be on ............................ the President shall return the bill to the House in which it originated with his . 25 1 2 2 . Oath or affirmation....................... No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb for the same..................................................... O Oath of office of the President of the United States............................................................................................... 6 6 1 1 1 14 5 1 2 1 ............... No Senator or Representative shall be appointed to any office under the United States which shall have been created....... shall be bound by .......................................................... [Amendments] .......................... Number of electors for President and Vice President in each State shall be equal to the number of Senators and Representatives to which such State may be entitled in Congress ..... death........................... executive and judicial officers of the United States and of the several States.............................. Obligation of contracts..................................... All debts or.... North Carolina entitled to five Representatives in the first Congress .....................

and in which a State may be a party....... . .............................. The validity of the public debt incurred in suppressing insurrection and rebellion against the United States.................................... shall choose a President pro tempore....... bribery..... To keep and bear arms shall not be infringed............ in the absence of the Vice President................................ The President may grant reprieves and .................. and effects......................... Original jurisdiction............... keep troops or ships of war in time of .............. To be secure in their persons.... The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other ... and afterward engaged in insurrection or rebellion. The President. felony............. 5 5 3 3 1 3 2 1 2 1 1 1 3 1 2 8 6 10 ... [Amendments] 14 2 3 2 .... in all cases affecting ambassadors.................. Pennsylvania entitled to eight Representatives in the first Congress ............... or hold any........... Vice President.......... The Supreme Court shall have .......................... peaceably to assemble and petition for redress of grievances................... other public ministers.................. Congress may vest the appointment of inferior ........... Patent rights to inventors.......................... Overt act.......... without the consent of Congress............. The yeas and nays shall......... 3 14 1 2 4 4 . or other high crimes and misdemeanors....... at the desire of Opinion of the principal officers in each of the Executive Departments on any subject relating to their duties... Officers in the President alone.............. No person shall be a Senator............. cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10..... or on confession in open court.. Representative or President elector...... against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated.. No soldier shall be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner in time of. [Amendments] .......... Of the United States shall be removed on impeachment for and conviction of treason..... or vote (except on a question of adjournment) requiring the concurrence of the two Houses.. Congress may pass laws for securing . executive..... The right of the......... A wellregulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State...... in the courts of law.......... or of any State....... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00065 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932...... the commissions to expire at the end of the next session ...CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 59 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Civil or military under the United States. and breach of the ...... [Amendments] ............ the right of the.......... Peace.. houses.. 2 1 8 1 3 ..... including the debt for......... shall be presented to the President...................... .. Every ......... [Amendments] . and also their other Offices becoming vacant in the recess of the Senate may be filled by the President........... except in cases of impeachment. ...... who had taken an oath as a legislative................. Members of Congress shall not be privileged from arrest for treason...... and consuls........... shall not be abridged by Congress.............. 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 3 3 4 2 3 2 5 2 7 2 3 ....... .. papers.... resolution........ [Amendments] .. Pensions and bounties shall not be questioned.......... or in the heads of Departments......... The Senate. be entered on the journal of each House................. One-fifth of the members present. People............................. ....... or any State..................................... Conviction of treason shall be on the testimony of two witnesses to the P Pardons...CC 932 ...... or judicial officer of the United States............... The President may require the written .................... and all civil ........... Order.... No State shall.............. [Amendments] ....... The right of the..................

..... adjourn for more than three days................... The enumeration of certain rights in the Constitution shall not be held to deny or disparage others retained by the................ Congress shall make no law abridging the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to.. 9 3 4 1 ............ [Amendments] .... Congress may by law make or alter regulations for the election of Senators and Representatives......... [Amendments] ................ All legislative ...................................... 9 10 .. ........................ except as to the .... ......... The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay...................................60 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING People.. To establish a more.............. Persons........... shall not be given to the ports of one State over those of another .................................. 6 2 1 9 8 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10....... [Amendments] ........................... by any regulation of commerce or revenue........ [Amendments] ................... Poll tax....... resignation......... and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures..................... Congress shall define and punish .............................................. papers......................................................................................... Ports of one State over those of another. nor prohibited to the States........................ Preference........................... Powers not delegated to the United States nor prohibited to the States are reserved to the States and to the people.... Persons.......................... But a tax or duty of ten dollars shall be imposed on the importation of each of such ....... emolument......... on the removal................................. Vessels clearing from the ports of one State shall not pay duties in another ........... [Preamble] ........................................... or foreign State.. Places of choosing Senators........................ 8 ........ &c........... [Amendments] ...... Petition for the redress of grievances....... Powers herein granted shall be vested in Congress................ 1 1 ... [Amendments] ........ nor to any other .... ................... accept any .... office........................... as any State may think proper to admit........... or inability of the President......................... Powers vested by the Constitution in the Government or in any Department or officer of the United States... without the consent of the other....... Preference shall not be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ....... Present.............................. The ... prince... 18 6 ....... No person holding any office under the United States shall.............. death. The enumeration of certain rights in this Constitution shall not be held to deny or disparage others retained by the people........... Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting................ Post offices and post roads... houses.... Prejudice any claims of the United States or of any particular State in the territory or property of the United States. 9 9 . Neither House during the session shall.......... shall not be prohibited prior to 1808................... without the consent of Congress............. . Perfect Union.... ......................... Nothing in this Constitution shall .......... The people shall be secure in their.............. [Amendments] ............................. The migration or importation of such ....... 4 1 1 1 1 ..................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00066 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.............................. are reserved to the States or to the.................. Congress shall establish ............... ............................................... 6 6 7 ..... or title of any kind whatever from any king...... Piracies and felonies committed on the high seas........................... [Amendments] ............... Congress shall make all laws necessary to carry into execution the Powers and duties of the office shall devolve on the Vice President................ Powers not delegated to the United States...... 10 1 1 24 1 1 1 1 1 2 25 10 9 1 4 5 4 1 9 9 8 1 8 1 ..... .......................... ......... .........................CC 932 ..... ................

....CC 932 . except in cases arising in the land or naval forces..... Before he enters upon the execution of his office he shall take an oath of office ........... two-thirds of the Senators present concurring ....... 5 1 20 20 20 20 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 ......... Succession in case of death................................. He may make treaties by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 61 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Presentment or indictment of a grand jury....................... Term of office................. or inability of the President. and all other officers whose appointments may be authorized by law and not herein provided for ..... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00067 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.............. with his objections......... Every order......... No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless on a............. The Senate shall choose a President pro tempore when the Vice President shall exercise the office of ..... what officer shall act as ....................... [Amendments] .............. The executive power shall be vested in a . 6 2 2 2 3 3 1 1 2 25 2 25 1 ...... by and with the advice and consent of the Senate...... Shall approve and sign all bills passed by Congress before they shall become laws ...................... [Amendments] ..... [Amendments] ...... ........................................ shall be presented to the .......................... Shall return to the House in which it originated.............................. The President shall receive a compensation which shall not be increased nor diminished during his term........................................... The Chief Justice shall preside upon the trial of the .. or inability to discharge the duties of his office................... resignation..................................................... death.......... by law................ resignation......... Congress may declare............................... in writing....... 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 7 8 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.......................... If not returned within ten days (Sundays excepted)..................................... it shall become a law..................... 6 ......... or vote which requires the concurrence of both Houses................................ except on a question of adjournment........... any bill which he shall not approve . ........ resolution........... [Amendments] ........... nor shall he receive any other emolument from the United States .......................................... ................ except in cases of impeachment .............................................................................. [Amendments] ........... 1 ............... other public ministers and consuls..... judges of the Supreme Court................. Shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy and of the militia of the States when called into actual service .. shall be returned and proceeded on as in the case of a bill ......... in the case of the removal............... He may grant reprieves or pardons for offenses. He may require the opinion.... unless Congress shall adjourn before the expiration of that time .................. Succession in case of failure to be chosen or qualified...................... In case of the removal of the President from office...... If disapproved by him.............. President of the United States................................ Congress may vest the appointment of inferior officers in the .............. 6 ..................... or of his death.... Additional provision for succession through act of Congress................................................. [Amendments] ..... the Vice President shall perform the duties of ................. of the principal officer in each of the Executive Departments .......... He shall hold his office during the term of four years ........... beginning and ending.......................... ambassadors........ or in the militia when in actual service............ He may appoint................... [Amendments] ........ 5 ..... 3 4 3 3 1 3 7 7 7 7 7 1 1 ...

Each State by its legislature.............. [Amendments] ... [Amendments] ........................................... 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 22 2 25 25 25 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 1 ............ treason.............. Congress to decide the issue of the President’s ability to discharge the powers and duties of his office. [Amendments] .... In case of disagreement between the two Houses as to the time of adjournment........... ........ shall be eligible to the office of ... .......... He shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers ....... or other high crimes and misdemeanors... or a citizen of the United States at the adoption of the Constitution............................ 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00068 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.... ........................... No person except a natural-born citizen........................... shall be removed from office..................... resignation......................... [Amendments] ..62 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING He may fill up all vacancies that may happen in the recess of the Senate by commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session .......................... Succession of Vice President to office in case of death.. The ............ Nomination of successor to the Vice President whenever a vacancy in the office of the Vice President occurs.............................. ..... Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors and the day on which they shall give their votes........................................................................................................... he may adjourn them to such time as he may think proper ..... Manner of choosing.... .... Declaration of his inability to discharge the powers and duties of his office........ ... shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves........... No Senator or Representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States shall be an elector ................. .................. [Amendments] .............................. and conviction of.............. 5 .............................CC 932 ...................................................... shall appoint a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress .............................................. 25 ......... 1 4 3 2 3 ................ He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed He shall commission all the officers of the United States ..................................... They shall name in distinct ballots the person voted for as President and the person voted for as Vice President.. President and Vice President...... which day shall be the same throughout the United States ........................ .......... ....... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10........ On impeachment for....... . On extraordinary occasions he may convene both Houses or either ...................... 5 ............... at least.................................... He shall give information to Congress of the state of the Union...... ........................... The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for President and Vice President.......................... bribery............. [Amendments] .............. and recommend measures ........................ No person who shall not have attained the age of thirty-five years and been fourteen years a resident of the United States shall be eligible for the office of ..................... [Amendments] .............................. No person shall be elected to office more than twice............................... one of whom..... ........ or inability of President to discharge the powers and duties of his office................ removal............ 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 4 12 12 .................

............. If no person have such majority... on the list of those voted for as President....................... .... [Amendments] ........................... [Amendments] ......... Primary elections....... or by any State... . The District of Columbia shall appoint.................... .... the President.. then from the persons having the highest numbers....... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00069 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932. and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice.......... [Amendments] ..... but shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided.. or.. 24 5 1 .....CC 932 ..... In the absence of the Vice President the Senate shall choose a .. open all the certificates.. [Amendments] ................................... .. not exceeding three............................. [Amendments] ................... by ballot...................... ..CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 63 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING They shall make distinct lists of the persons voted for as President and as Vice President......... [Amendments] ......... The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States.......... 12 12 ................ In choosing the President................ The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President.............. [Amendments] ........ [Amendments] ....... in such manner as the Congress may direct.......... President pro tempore. 12 ......... [Amendments] ............ .................. 25 1 4 .................. President of the Senate....... which they shall sign and certify and transmit sealed to the President of the Senate at the seat of government...... and the votes shall then be counted..... The Vice President shall be ............... the votes shall be taken by States..... Previous condition of servitude.................... if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed...... The right of citizens of the United States to vote in shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax... as in the case of the death or disability of the President......................................................................... [Amendments] .......... the House of Representatives shall choose immediately.......... 12 12 .. [Amendments] . Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation..... 15 1 ..... color.............................. VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.............. ............ But if no choice shall be made before the 4th of March next following............... President to transmit his declaration of inability to discharge the powers and duties of his office to.............. 23 1 1 1 25 1 3 3 3 3 .............. ............ a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the District would be entitled if a State......... Congress shall pass no law abridging the freedom of speech or of the... When the Vice President shall exercise the office of President of the United States.................................. 4 5 5 ........ 12 .............................. then the Vice President shall act as President... [Amendments] ...... ......... .... The President of the Senate shall........... ...... A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States..................................... 12 ................ in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives. on account of race...................... Press. ... [Amendments] ...................... [Amendments] ...................... Vice President and a majority of the principal officers of the executive departments to transmit their declaration of the President’s inability to discharge the powers and duties of his office to................................. the representation from each State having one vote..... ..... the Senate shall choose a ...................................

......... 8 3 5 14 6 6 6 6 6 6 ... [Amendments] . houses.................................... The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of the citizens of the several States . Property of the United States................... [Amendments] .... nor deprive any person of his life........ The accused shall have a speedy and public trial in all criminal.. No State shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States.. felony............... nor be deprived of life....... He shall be tried by a jury in the State or district where the crime was committed...... without due process of law................................ or property...................................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00070 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932........ [Amendments] ........................ [Amendments] .... 11 4 6 5 14 1 4 ......... .. No person shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself..... Progress of science and useful arts....... 1 ................................ And no warrant shall issue for such but upon.................... papers...... without due......... ....... or............. [Amendments] Process for obtaining witnesses in his favor.......................... Congress shall make rules concerning .. .. ......... All persons born or naturalized in the United States............... ..... [Amendments] ................ 1 8 3 ............................... Congress shall have power to promote the . .. The right of the people to be secure in their persons......... without due.... [Amendments] Nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of its laws..................... .... ............................... He shall be confronted with the witnesses against him........... 14 14 14 14 1 1 1 1 1 8 .......... No person shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself.......... [Amendments] .................... ...... No State shall deprive any person of life............ liberty.. [Amendments] No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of life and limb for the same offense............. No soldier shall be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner in time of peace. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have..... 1 ........................................... nor shall he be deprived of his life................ liberty.......... They shall not be questioned for any speech or debate in either House in any other place ........ be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses. [Amendments] ........................ ...... liberty............ ................ or........... [Amendments] ......... ....................CC 932 .......... shall not be violated...... 1 1 6 6 1 1 4 3 5 2 ....... Probable cause... [Amendments] .......... He shall have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses............ Privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States.... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10............... [Amendments] ......... [Amendments] ................ [Amendments] ........... [Amendments] .......... or property........ .......................................... liberty.. ............. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States........................... [Amendments] .... . ........ or property without due process of law. liberty... are citizens of the United States and of the State in which they reside............... .. [Amendments] ................. ........ Process of law............ Prosecutions. . Prizes captured on land or water........................ and effects... No State shall deprive any person of life.. . and breach of the peace.... against unreasonable searches and seizures................. and subject to the jurisdiction thereof......... He shall have counsel for his defense......................64 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Privilege....... .......... He shall be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation... .......... Senators and Representatives shall............................ Property... ............ Congress may dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or ... and in going to and returning from the same ... in all cases except treason..

.......CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 65 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Protection of the laws.......... ...................... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10..CC 932 .............................. and . Qualifications of electors of members of the House of Representatives shall be the same as electors for the most numerous branch of the State legislature ........... office............. 1 8 3 ...... 7 .......... but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment................................ 1 1 1 2 3 5 2 3 1 2 1 5 2 12 3 1 1 1 ........ Public use.. [Amendments] ....... judgment.... [Amendments] . Of its own members................................... Of the House of Representatives for choosing a President shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States............. Q Qualification for office. ....................... nine years a citizen of the United States....... No person except a natural-born citizen........ Of Senators........... They shall be thirty years of age................................... seven years a citizen of the United States..... Qualifications of electors of Senators shall be the same as electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature.............................. unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the ........ No soldier shall be. Quorum to do business..... [Amendments] ........ without just compensation..... No religious test shall ever be required as a ...... Punishment according to law..... They shall be twenty-five years of age..... and an inhabitant of the State in which chosen .......... Public debt of the United States incurred in suppressing insurrection or rebellion shall not be questioned.............. . returns............ 6 1 17 ... 1 1 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 12 ...... [Amendments] .... ................ 5 5 5 .......... Public safety must require it............................ No State shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal... Public trial by jury............................. [Amendments] ........................... Of the Vice President............................................ In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have a speedy and... Excessive bail shall not be required nor excessive fines imposed nor cruel and unusual... Punishments inflicted.................. But a smaller number than a quorum may adjourn from day to day and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members ......................................................................... and disqualification for.... Each House shall be the judge of the election............ Private property shall not be taken for........... Neither shall any person be eligible to the office of President who shall not have attained the age of thirty-five years and been fourteen years a resident within the United States ................. No person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President... [Amendments] ............ [Amendments] ......................... and an inhabitant of the State in which chosen ...................... Of the President.. and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice... [Amendments] ............. ........... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00071 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932........................... A majority of each House shall constitute a .. Qualifications of members of the House of Representatives................ 2 ............................. trial........ ...................................... or a citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of the Constitution............................ ......... shall be eligible to the office of President . and ............................... Quartered in any house without the consent of the owner in time of peace..... 2 1 3 1 ...... [Amendments] 14 14 1 6 5 1 4 9 ......................... The validity of the...... Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from.... The writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended......

............... But when the right to vote for Presidential electors or members of Congress.... Persons who................... Rebellion or invasion.................................. records.................................................... A regular statement of .. Ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be sufficient to establish the Constitution between the States so ratifying the same ......... . 14 14 14 3 3 4 .............. 2 ............ ........CC 932 ............... [Amendments] .................. Ratio of representation until the first enumeration under the Constitution shall be made not to exceed one for every thirty thousand .. and all claims for the loss or emancipation of slaves. R Race.... [Amendments] .. or previous condition of servitude................... 14 1 1 2 1 4 4 4 9 9 2 7 1 1 ...... Records...... and proceedings ............ while holding certain Federal and State offices................................. counting the whole number of persons in each State. declared and held to be illegal and void............... shall be denied or abridged by a State............... Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the acts ........................... 2 7 3 2 ................................................ [Amendments] ..... cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10............ Proceedings to be had upon the ... [Amendments] .... which shall expire at the end of the next session............. [Amendments] ... [Amendments] ..... and judicial proceedings of every other State.. disabled from holding office under the United States.................. Recess of the Senate.. 5 7 1 ...... [Amendments] ................ ................. The writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended except when the public safety may require it in cases of ........... Debts incurred for pensions and bounties for services in suppressing the rebellion shall not be questioned............ [Amendments] ....... The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of...... 3 14 2 ................. executive.................. ........ Congress shall prescribe the manner of proving such acts........... 12 12 ........ color... But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House remove such disability......... and judicial officers of the State....................................... or the legislative................ All debts and obligations incurred in aid of the rebellion... accordingly as Congress may propose ............ A majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.................. ....... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00072 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932................................................. Ratification of amendments to the Constitution shall be by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States or by conventions in three-fourths of the States........................................ 15 1 ................ Ratio of representation shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers......................... took an oath to support the Constitution.............66 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Quorum to elect a Vice President by the Senate. .......... Rebellion against the United States............... The President may grant commissions.. Reconsideration of a bill returned by the President with his objections.......... except for engaging in rebellion or other crime.... ................ excluding Indians not taxed... to fill vacancies that may happen during the ... the basis of representation shall be reduced therein in the proportion of such denial or abridgment of the right to vote................. Receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time... Twothirds of the whole number of Senators shall be a................ 14 2 .. [Amendments] . afterward engaged in insurrection or rebellion.

............................. [Amendments] ................ Representation.................... Representation until the first enumeration under the Constitution not to exceed one for every thirty thousand........ Regulations of commerce or revenue................ .......................................... But Congress may make by law at any time or alter such regulations except as to the places of choosing Senators .. Representation among the several States shall be according to their respective numbers................... [Amendments] ...................... The same shall devolve on the Vice President..... Religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof........................................... 2 2 2 1 6 ........... and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed by the legislatures of the States... 3 6 ..... In case of the death.. and an inhabitant of the State in which he shall be chosen ........... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 4 4 6 2 3 4 5 5 1 1 1 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. And Senators shall receive a compensation......... Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of......................... ........................................................ No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained the age of twenty-five years. Shall choose their Speaker and other officers... [Amendments] .......... 1 ............ places..................................................... ........ Qualifications of electors of members of the House of ........ The House of .................................................................................... Shall have the sole power of impeachment...... . The ratio of .............. Congress shall consist of a Senate and House of ....................... to be ascertained by law ................................. The Vice President shall succeed to the office of the President....................... excluding Indians not taxed............................... without its consent.......................... Executives of the State shall issue writs of election to fill vacancies in the House of ........................................ except as to the places of choosing Senators....CC 932 ... Preference to the ports of one State over those of another shall not be given by any .. The ratio of.................................................... The executive thereof shall issue writs of election to fill vacancies in the .... ... Regulations........ counting the whole number of persons in each State. inability..... how apportioned among the several States ........ been seven years a citizen of the United States...... [Amendments] . 1 1 1 6 2 25 25 5 1 1 1 4 9 ................................................................... 14 1 1 2 1 2 ......... Representatives........... but Congress may at any time by law make or alter such ..................... In case of the ...................................................................... or.............................................................. No State.................................. shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate ............. Representation and direct taxation....................... Removal of the President from office. ......... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00073 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932......... And direct taxes..CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 67 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Redress of grievances..... ........ and manner of choosing Representatives shall be prescribed by the legislatures of the States ...................... The time... 3 3 4 14 2 ........... resignation........... The House of ........... 1 ...................... the basis of representation shall be reduced. The times............................................... how apportioned among the several States .............................. places... No . [Amendments] ......................... But where the right to vote in certain Federal and State elections is abridged for any cause other than rebellion or other crime............ Religious test shall ever be required as a qualification for any office or public trust under the United States.. [Amendments] ... Congress shall make no law abridging the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition for the.......................... Representation in any State.............................

................ Members of the House of .................. 6 6 .. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00074 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932... The duties and powers of his office shall devolve on the Vice President.............. before it becomes a law..... varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives........... .. [Amendments] .......... Reprisal. or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened).... or [Amendments] .......... and breach of the peace. The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.... Representatives among the several States........................... No person holding any office under the United States shall........................................... remove such disqualification.... be a member of the House of ............... Republican form of government.................68 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Shall in all cases................. 1 11 1 ... are reserved to the States respectively.......................................... Prescribing certain disqualifications for office as............................... The Senators and ........ In case of the death..................... Every order ... removal............................................... Congress shall have power to grant letters of marque and ................. shall take effect.......................... Representatives shall be bound by an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States.... No law.... .................. 1 1 ....... [Amendments] ........ 4 4 ....... And shall protect each of them against invasion........ Congress may by law provide for the case of the removal................... The Vice President shall succeed to the office of the President...... Provisions relative to the apportionment of............. No State shall grant any letters of marque and .................... No Senator or Representative shall be an elector for President or Vice President ............................. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a ...................... [Amendments] Reprieves and pardons except in cases of impeachment................................ ............ while holding such office..... Resignation of the President....................... Resolution..... No member shall be appointed during his term to any civil office which shall have been created......... [Amendments] ... or vote (except on a question of adjournment) requiring the concurrence of the two Houses shall........ The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution....... by a vote of two-thirds of each House... felony..... be presented to the President..... except treason...................................................... and on the application of the legislature................... during such term ........... [Amendments] ..........................................................................................................................CC 932 ...................................................... 2 3 3 2 8 10 4 .......................... be privileged from arrest during attendance at the session of the House........ inability. In case of the death .............. death ... 9 .................. Shall not be questioned in any other place for any speech or debate................ until an election of Representatives shall have intervened..... .......... or the emoluments of which shall have been increased... against domestic violence .......... Representatives and Senators.......... Reserved rights of the States and the people. ................ All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of ........ But Congress may... [Amendments] .................................................................................... 3 .......... 1 1 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 2 6 6 7 1 2 2 1 2 27 6 14 14 14 2 1 1 4 .... 1 7 3 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.. The President may grant ................... 10 2 2 25 ............................ and in going to and returning from the same ............................... or to the people...................... nor prohibited by it to the States......................

....... The Congress of the United States shall consist of a .......... 1 6 3 .. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00075 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.. 1 1 1 1 7 9 2 .......................................... Congress shall make no law abridging the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition for the redress of grievances............ elected by the people thereof............... [Amendments] ................................ Seat of Government............... Right to keep and bear arms.... Right of petition.................. Security of a free State..................... .................. No fact tried by a jury shall be re-examined except according to the........ ... Rules of its proceedings.............................. S Science and the useful arts by securing to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their writings and discoveries............................................................................ Rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property of the United States.. 17 6 ........................................... Congress shall exercise exclusive legislation in all cases over such district as may become the ............................... Rhode Island entitled to one Representative in the first Congress .................... ............... ..................................................................... The Senate shall be composed of two Senators from each State........ The Senate shall be composed of two Senators from each State.......................... [Amendments] ....... for six years.....CC 932 .............. 1 3 1 1 ...................... A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State.................. The right of the people to be secure against unreasonable.............................. Rights not delegated to the United States nor prohibited to the States are reserved to the States or to the people.. ..... Rights in the Constitution shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people............................................... [Amendments] . 2 9 10 1 4 7 7 ... Congress shall provide for punishing the counterfeiting of the ......... ..... All suits involving over twenty dollars shall be tried by jury according to the.......... [Amendments] ................................ 8 ........... A well-regulated militia being necessary to the.. on oath or affirmation..... [Amendments] ................................. the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.. Senate of the United States. Senate and House of Representatives......................... And no warrants shall be issued but upon probable cause.............................................................................. .. [Amendments] ....................... Searches and seizures shall not be violated................. Rules of the common law...... Revenue............... 1 ..... describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized........................... 5 3 ................................................ The enumeration of certain.... [Amendments] ................ [Amendments] ....CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 69 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives........................................................... 1 4 8 ..... [Amendments] ......... cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10..... Congress shall dispose of and make all needful .... Congress shall have power to promote the progress of .... Preference shall not be given to the ports of one State over those of another by any regulations of commerce or .............. All bills for raising ............................... Securities and current coin of the United States................... the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. [Amendments] .......... [Amendments] ........... ......... .............. 2 2 . Each House may determine the ..... 8 8 . 4 1 1 2 1 1 17 17 ...... chosen by the legislature for six years ...................................... Qualifications of electors of Senators.

.................................................. under their first election...................................... be divided into three classes...... 4 1 1 3 3 5 6 1 1 3 5 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 5 5 5 5 7 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 2 2 5 2 3 .............. without its consent... 1 3 2 1 3 3 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.................. except such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy ..................................... punish a member for disorderly behavior..................... shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate ...................... Senators....... and also a President pro tempore in the absence of the Vice President or when he shall exercise the office of President ... and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present .. provided... that the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointment until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct........................ 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00076 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932......70 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING If vacancies happen during the recess of the legislature of a State...... so that the seats of one-third shall become vacant at the expiration of every second year .. It may propose amendments to bills for raising revenue........... other public ministers and consuls... and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members ................. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments... but such bills shall originate in the House of Representatives .............................................. immediately after assembling................. but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day.................................. It shall be the judge of the elections....... It shall advise and consent to the appointment of ambassadors....... and qualifications of its own members .... The Senate shall choose their other officers.......... The Senate shall advise and consent to the ratification of all treaties.. No person shall be a Senator who shall not be thirty years of age.............. No State.................... When the President of the United States is tried the Chief Justice shall preside...................................................... provided two-thirds of the members present concur ................... 2 1 ....... A majority shall constitute a quorum to do business............ nine years a citizen of the United States..... It may be convened by the President on extraordinary occasions ................................ and an inhabitant when elected of the State for which he shall be chosen .. It shall not adjourn for more than three days during a session without the consent of the other House ...... It may determine the rules of its proceedings.................CC 932 ..... It shall keep a journal of its proceedings and from time to time publish the same... the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature ................. 1 3 2 17 1 2 3 ........... When vacancies happen the executive authority of the State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies....... They shall........................... [Amendments] The Vice President shall be President of the Senate.................................................................................... but shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided ................................................ When sitting for that purpose they shall be on oath or affirmation .......... and with the concurrence of two-thirds expel a member ....................................................... and all other officers not herein otherwise provided for .. judges of the Supreme Court...... returns.........

.. No person holding any office under the United States shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office ... [Amendments] .... afterward engaged in rebellion against the United States........ 3 13 1 .... Right of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of.............. 1 1 1 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 2 6 6 6 1 ......... remove such disability.... .................. varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives.....................CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 71 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING The times. Servitude........ .......... If vacancies happen during the recess of the legislature of a State......... places........ Fugitives from ..... the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature .......................... except treason................. be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of the Senate and in going to and returning from the same ....................................................................... on account of race................ No Senator or Representative shall....... The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State......................... [Amendments] ..... Servitude... felony......... that the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointment until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation to be ascertained by law .. No person shall be a Senator or Representative who. [Amendments] ..................... except as the places of choosing .......................... 1 4 1 1 3 2 17 2 ..... whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.............................................. and manner of choosing Senators may be fixed by the legislature of a State.. 27 4 ................... having...... No law.................... But Congress may... Senators and Representatives shall be bound by an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution .................. If vacancies happen the executive authority of the State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.. be appointed to any civil office under the United States which shall have been created.... [Amendments] They shall in all cases........ Sex. [Amendments] ... Senators and Representatives shall not be questioned for any speech or debate in either House in any other place ... taken an oath to support the Constitution....... 2 2 2 3 14 14 3 3 ..... 15 19 1 . 2 .... or previous condition of...CC 932 ....... ......................... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.. Service or labor in one State............. color..... escaping into another State.. [Amendments] ....... until an election of Representatives shall have intervened............. and breach of the peace......................... except as a punishment for crime.......... provided. shall exist in the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.... shall take effect............ or of which the emoluments shall have been increased during such term ..... [Amendments] ..... Neither slavery nor involuntary............... during the time for which he was elected..................................... as a Federal or State officer. shall be delivered up to the party to whom such service or labor may be due.. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00077 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932..................... No Senator or Representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States shall be an elector for President and Vice President . by a vote of two-thirds of each House..... but Congress may by law make or alter such regulations.......

..... lay any duties on imports or exports...... Neither......................................................... Shall not grant letters of marque and reprisal .................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00078 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932..... [Amendments] ....... Congress shall fix the ......................................... 2 2 3 ..... Standard of weights and measures..................................... [Amendments] ..................................... When vacancies happen in the representation from any State.............. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate...... from time to time. 25 1 6 1 6 2 1 4 ........................... 1 1 10 10 3 1 14 4 ................... The President shall................... Vice President and a majority of the principal officers of the executive departments to transmit their declaration of the President’s inability to discharge the powers and duties of his office to.. Shall not make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts . All members of the several ....CC 932 .. Congress shall have power to regulate commerce among the several .... In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have a............ Silver coin a tender in payment of debts.... the executive authority shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies ...................... or law impairing the obligation of contracts ........ 13 3 1 1 25 1 .. without the consent of Congress................... the executive authority shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies..... Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of....................... [Amendments] ................. Shall not............ No State shall enter into any treaty. 5 3 ................................... and all executive and judicial officers of the United States.......... shall take an oath to support the Constitution......... Slave........ The House of Representatives shall choose their ......................... Shall not pass any bill of attainder..... Speedy and public trial by a jury.. ...... President to transmit his declaration of inability to discharge the powers and duties of his office to............................................ Soldiers shall not be quartered................ .................... 3 5 .... 4 17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 .................................. 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10. States...... .......... in time of peace..... or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any............ State legislatures.................................. without the consent of Congress..... No State shall keep troops or ......... [Amendments] ..................... ......... [Amendments] ....... Speech or of the press..... 3 2 .............................. [Amendments] ....... give Congress information of the ........ except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws ..... shall exist in the United States.............. 8 ............. Shall not coin money .................. Neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion.... Shall not emit bills of credit ............ ex post facto law................ No State shall make anything but gold and ................................... in any house without the consent of the owner......... Speaker of the House of Representatives...... Shall not grant any title of nobility ... or any places subject to their jurisdiction..... Slavery nor involuntary servitude.................................. except as a punishment for crime. whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.............. [Amendments] ..72 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Ships of war in time of peace........... Speaker and other officers....... alliance.......... South Carolina entitled to five Representatives in the first Congress . or confederation ............................ State of the Union. [Amendments] ...

without its consent..... [Amendments] ................. of its equal suffrage in the Senate ....................................... or the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened)... [Amendments] ......... No State shall be deprived without its consent of its equal ......................................................... ..................... ......... are reserved to the.CC 932 .......... .... against domestic violence ......................... 1 1 1 1 ...................................... ................................. 1 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 10 1 1 2 3 3 3 . 3 .......... ................... ............................. without the consent of the legislatures as well as of Congress ... ................... may ratify amendments to the Constitution ................. and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice........ The judicial power of the United States shall not extend to........... Powers not delegated to the United States... as Congress shall prescribe. A quorum for choice of President shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States...................... without the consent of Congress.................. [Amendments] ... .... keep troops or ships of war in time of peace............... records................. 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00079 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.... and judicial proceedings of each State ........... shall be tried by jury.................. ................. the representation from each State having one vote............ Full faith and credit in every other State shall be given to the public acts....................... No denial of right to vote on account of sex. or conventions of three-fourths of the States............................................................. Three-fourths of the legislatures of the States..... lay any duty of tonnage....................... enter into any agreement or compact with another State or with a foreign power... Suppress insurrections and repel invasions. [Amendments] .................... . In law or equity against one of the States.. or by citizens of a foreign State. When the choice of President shall devolve on the House of Representatives........... ...... Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States ............... But no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of another State ......... But in choosing the President the vote shall be taken by States.................... or engage in war unless actually invaded or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay .. No State shall be deprived............ .... [Amendments] ............ [Amendments] ........... 8 ................. 5 4 4 4 7 12 12 . ................................... Suffrage in the Senate..... They shall protect each State against invasion ................................ 4 4 4 ...................................................................... 11 1 ......... .................. The ratification by nine States shall be sufficient to establish the Constitution between the States so ratifying the same ...................................... Succession to the offices of the President and Vice President... ................... .............. Suits at common law........... [Amendments] ......... by citizens of another State........... Congress shall provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws ......... And on application of the legislature.. ..... ... The United States shall guarantee a republican form of government to every State in the Union ................. ..... ............ States or the people..... records.................. 15 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10........................................... where the value in controversy shall exceed $20...... the vote shall be taken by States. Congress shall prescribe the manner of providing such acts............. [Amendments] ............................. 12 10 25 5 19 7 ...... and proceedings ................. nor prohibited to the States................................................ ...CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 73 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Shall not.......................... Nor any State formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of States....... New States may be admitted by Congress into this Union ..............

............... duties.. other public ministers and consuls.... ................................ including the debt for pensions and bounties.... No religious .... and excises...... Tax.. shall be the .......... Term of office............................. Temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature.............74 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Suppression of insurrection or rebellion shall not be questioned.... No State shall make anything but gold and silver coin a . The compensation of the judges shall not be diminished during their continuance in office ... Tax on incomes authorized without apportionment among the several States........... Supreme Court....... Shall have original jurisdiction.............................................................................. ....................... 2 2 2 2 1 16 1 24 1 1 1 9 ..................................................................... The ................................................ And such inferior courts as Congress may establish....... Shall have appellate jurisdiction............................ and the treaties of the United States....................... President... not more than twice..... [Amendments] ....... the ............ Tender in payment of debts.............. No Senator or Representative shall be appointed to any office under the United States which shall have been created or its emoluments increased during the .. incurred in the. ... The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one .................... 3 1 1 1 1 3 10 2 1 1 22 2 4 6 3 6 ..... and in which a State may be a party.................................................................................... ...................... The President and Vice President shall hold their offices for the ........ 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00080 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932....... 9 1 2 8 8 4 ....... or on confession in open court................................................. Terms of four years................ the laws made in pursuance thereof................ 1 2 3 1 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.... both as to law and the fact......... No ... 14 1 3 3 3 3 3 6 6 4 8 1 1 1 2 2 ................. No person shall be convicted of treason except on the ......... imposts......... Territory or other property of the United States.. Congress shall have power to lay .................. Term for which he is elected... [Amendments] ..................... Test as a qualification for any office or public trust shall ever be required... Supreme law of the land........ Tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State........ [Amendments] .......... 3 2 .......................... The judges in every State shall be bound thereby .......... This Constitution. T Tax shall be laid unless in proportion to the census or enumeration.......... Congress shall dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the ........ 1 3 ................... [Amendments] .......... Taxes (direct) and Representatives........................... how apportioned among the several States ...... No capitation or other direct ..CC 932 ...................... 9 ... They shall be uniform throughout the United States ... Testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act. with such exceptions and regulations as Congress may make.............................. The public debt................................................... and without regard to any census or enumeration....... Taxes................................................... the executive of the State shall make ............. In all cases affecting ambassadors... If vacancies happen in the Senate in the recess of the legislature of a State................................................... The judges of the Supreme Court and inferior courts shall hold their offices during good behavior ....... Congress shall have power to constitute tribunals inferior to the ................................... The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay............................ 5 ............................

.... may ratify amendments to the Constitution ............CC 932 .. and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof ............. Times..... without the consent of Congress............... No person shall...... They shall be the supreme law of the land............................... Such trial shall be held in the State within which the crime shall have been committed .. except in cases of ......... Attainder of .... No State shall grant any .......................... office... Title of any kind................ or other high crimes and misdemeanors......... Treaties............................................. giving them aid and comfort ............ or in adhering to their enemies... No money shall be drawn from the ........... the trial shall be at such a place as Congress may by law have directed ..................... bribery.... [Preamble] .............. The United States shall not grant any ......................... and disqualification for......................... Trial................. as Congress shall prescribe.. provide for the common defense............................................................. Tie...................... But Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations.... 3 3 3 3 3 .................................... But when not committed within a State.. but in consequence of appropriations made by law.............................................. Treason.......... Treason................ 3 3 3 3 3 ........................ except during the life of the person attainted..................... 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ... from any king......................... and punishment according to law. Tranquility....................................... and ... Tonnage without the consent of Congress..... Shall not work corruption of blood........... alliance........ except as to the places of choosing Senators ..... 10 1 7 2 1 2 1 1 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 7 3 3 3 VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10..... Attainder of . Title of nobility.... and all civil officers shall be removed from office on impeachment for and conviction of ........ or on confession in open court...................................... The President.. Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of .......... felony........... laws.............................. Senators and Representatives shall be privileged from arrest while attending or while going to or returning from the sessions of Congress................................ Vice President....... The President shall have power.... and breach of the peace.... but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment .................................................. &c............ except in cases of impeachment......... 4 1 1 8 8 1 3 ....................... 3 4 4 9 9 10 10 ..................... places.............. Treason shall consist only in levying war against the United States....... be convicted of .... Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from.............. or foreign State. provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur.......................... Trial by jury......... or confederation....................... The judicial power shall extend to all cases arising under the Constitution... to make ....... All crimes. prince.... No State shall enter into any ................. No State shall lay any duty of .... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00081 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.................................................. Treaty.........CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 75 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Three-fourths of the legislatures of the States.. and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby ... judgment.............................. unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act............................... with the advice and consent of the Senate.................... 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 1 1 1 2 3 6 1 6 9 2 2 ... To insure domestic............... The Vice President shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided ....... No person holding any office under the United States shall accept of any ................ shall be tried by jury .................................. Treasury... Shall not work forfeiture......... or conventions in three-fourths of the States.......

............. Two-thirds of the Senators present concur... ..... by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.............................. 3 8 ................. Two-thirds of the whole number of Senators......................... 8 10 1 3 5 7 2 ... ..................................... by a vote of....... Trust or profit under the United States............. 9 3 2 6 2 2 2 ......... 6 7 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 5 5 .. And no warrants shall be issued but upon probable cause.. ........... ................................................................................76 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have a speedy and public............................................ Congress shall have power to constitute ............... when choosing a Vice President................. supported by oath or affirmation........ Representative................................... .... ...... . and the persons or things to be seized..... may expel a member. [Amendments] . No State shall keep ........ [Amendments] .......................... To establish a more perfect......... cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10..... inferior to the Supreme Court.......... Two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary.... Unreasonable searches and seizures.......... Unusual punishments inflicted........ shall be by.............. Two-thirds of the legislatures of the several States...... give to Congress information of the state of the . 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00082 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.......... ........................ 3 3 3 . The President shall have power. with the concurrence of .... . Congress shall call a convention for proposing amendments to the Constitution on the application of ..... Suits at common law...... Two-thirds of the members present.... shall be an elector for President and Vice President... No Senator................... and effects against... [Preamble] ............... [Amendments] .. Two-thirds may remove the disabilities imposed by the third section of the fourteenth amendment........ 12 12 14 1 ............. .................. 2 4 4 4 .... Private property shall not be taken for public................................................ ...... A quorum of the Senate.......................................... ............................................. New States may be admitted by Congress into this ... Two-thirds of the States......... [Amendments] ...... The people shall be secured in their persons.... ... to make treaties........................ [Amendments] ... a quorum shall consist of a member or members from...... nor cruel and................. nor excessive fines imposed......... from time to time.. The President shall........... Congress............. papers........ shall consist of....... But no new States shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of another ..... [Amendments] .................... U Union............ or person holding any office of ........................................ No person shall be convicted on an impeachment without the concurrence of Two-thirds........... houses..CC 932 .... A bill returned by the President with his objections.... and particularly describing the place to be searched.... Use without just compensation. [Amendments] .. Excessive bail shall not be required................................................... When the choice of a President shall devolve on the House of Representatives........ [Amendments] ........ Congress shall propose amendments to the Constitution whenever ...... when the amount exceeds $20... Two years.. Troops or ships of war in time of peace without the consent of Congress. 12 ........ Two-thirds....................... .................... Tribunals.. Each House.................. provided .. 4 8 5 . 1 1 1 .......... [Amendments] .. Appropriations for raising and supporting armies shall not be for a longer term than ................................................... may be repassed by each House by a vote of ..

................................................................................. The .......................... The executive thereof shall issue writs of election to fill ..................................... by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of the next session............................................................ Congress shall have power to promote the progress of science and the ................................ [Amendments] . Nomination by President in case of vacancy in office............................................ or inability of the President........................................... The electors shall name......... The manner of choosing the....... in distinct ballots........................................... ....... . the powers and duties of his office shall devolve on the ... shall not be questioned... including debt for pensions and bounties....... at least..... He shall be chosen for the term of four years .................. Proceedings of the two Houses upon the ........... Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate .... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.......... cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING 12 ............................ 6 ............................................................ ....... shall be removed from office.. The President shall have power to fill .................... Vacancies happening in the Senate in the recess of the legislature of a State............. beginning and ending.. death........... resignation................. bribery......... Additionial provision for succession through act of Congress............. . 2 3 14 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 25 2 25 2 4 9 7 3 3 3 1 1 1 . V Vacancies happening in the representation of a State............... or inability both of the President and .........CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 77 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause Useful arts........ and other high crimes and misdemeanors... [Amendments] ........... clear........ How filled ........... They shall make distinct lists of the persons voted for as Vice President.................... shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves.. [Amendments] ................................................................... shall not be obliged to enter............... Validity of the public debt incurred in suppressing insurrection against the United States................ one of whom................... the person voted for as Vice President...... The Senate shall choose a President pro tempore in the absence of the .. by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their writings and inventions. 12 20 25 20 12 ............................................................ [Amendments] ............... 1 8 8 1 17 1 2 2 2 3 2 4 ........................ The executive thereof shall issue writs of election to fill. The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for President and Vice President....................... Vessels bound to or from the ports of one State......... 4 2 1 ................... In case of the removal...... and send sealed to the seat of Government... ............... ............................................ The number and the manner of appointing electors for President and . 1 ................... Vice President. directed to the President of the Senate......CC 932 ...... [Amendments] ..... Vacancies happening in the representation of a State in the Senate.. Congress may provide by law for the case of the removal..... which lists they shall sign and certify................................................ 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00083 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932.......... or pay duties in another State ................................. On impeachment for and conviction of treason.. [Amendments] ..... Vacancies that happen during the recess of the Senate.............................. [Amendments] ... resignation.......... 6 2 4 4 5 1 2 6 ............................. Veto of a bill by the President.. 4 ......................... [Amendments] . He shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided ................................. [Amendments] ........ death.......................... ..... [Amendments] ....... Term of office.......................

............... .......................... .............. .... Every order...... or inability of the President................................. or previous condition of servitude........ and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice........................ [Amendments] .. .. 3 1 4 3 15 19 1 .......... [Amendments] ............................ The right of citizens of the United States to....... as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.... No person constitutionally ineligible as President shall be eligible as. A bill vetoed by the President may be repassed in each House by a ....... [Amendments] ......................................................... [Amendments] ................................... resolution........ In case of the removal......... ............................ [Amendments] ................... [Amendments] ................... 12 12 12 .... [Amendments] ............. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be Vice President....................... Virginia entitled to ten Representatives in the first Congress .... .................................. [Amendments] ....................... ........................... [Amendments] ..................................... ........................... unless the Senate be equally divided.................... 2 2 6 ................. But if the House shall make no choice of a President before the 4th of March next following... the powers and duties of his office shall succeed to.............. If no person have a majority.... 26 1 1 1 5 1 5 7 3 ............................ ......... The United States shall guarantee to every State a republican form of government..................... A quorum for this purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators....... ................................ in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives....... Each Senator shall have one .... or ..... ...CC 932 ....................................... [Amendments] ................................. Shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race......... 12 ... Whenever both Houses shall deem it necessary.... if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors..................... Right of citizens who are eighteen years of age or older to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State......... ........ Requiring the concurrence of the two Houses (except upon a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President.. color....................... The right of citizens of the United States to............................. The Vice President....78 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING The President of the Senate shall........ on account of age........................... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00084 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 7601 E:\HR\OC\932................. Congress may propose amendments to the Constitution by a ...................... Shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.. Each House may expel a member by a ............. [Amendments] ................ [Amendments] ...... . Violence.... then from the two highest numbers on the list the Senate shall choose the Vice President.................................. 24 1 ................. ..... 2 4 2 3 3 7 .......... Vote................ resignation.......... death..... open all the certificates................. and the votes shall be then counted...... and shall protect each State against invasion and domestic .. ......... VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10.. Right of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex....... then the Vice President shall act as President................... shall have no ... Vote of two-thirds..... Nomination by President of successor in event of vacancy in office of............. 12 12 25 25 4 1 1 1 1 ............................................. No person shall be convicted on an impeachment except by a ..............................

.... 1 2 4 1 1 1 5 7 3 2 cprice-sewell on PROD1PC72 with HEARING Æ VerDate Aug 31 2005 11:19 Dec 10......... To promote the general................................ No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two ...... in a criminal case......... adhering to their enemies................................ No State shall.. The votes of both Houses upon the reconsideration of a bill returned by the President with his objections shall be determined by .......... Treason shall consist only in levying ..................... Congress shall have power to declare .... be compelled to be a.................. Writs of election to fill vacancies in the representation of any State.CC 932 .................. 8 ...... Writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless in case of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it . 1 5 6 6 3 1 1 2 8 8 10 3 ......................................................... may be relieved by Congress by a............. Congress shall have power to provide for the common defense and general .. and the person or things to be seized..... In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall be confronted with the.. [Preamble] ... The executives of the State shall issue ........ [Amendments] .... 1 1 1 3 4 1 ..... or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay....... ............. be entered on the journals ................................. and giving them aid and comfort................. Witnesses to the same overt act....................... or on confession in open court..... Y Yeas and nays of the members of either House shall.. Witnesses in his favor. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have compulsory process for obtaining...... Warrants shall issue but upon probable cause.... [Amendments] .. [Amendments] .................. engage in .... No person shall..... ............... grant letters of marque and reprisal........................... Welfare and to secure the blessings of liberty............. 8 ...... No..... 5 .. 3 9 2 2 11 14 3 1 ............................... 1 ............................. Witness against himself........... Welfare...CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 79 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION AND AMENDMENTS— Continued Article 1 Section Clause The President may make treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate........................... The President may require the ......... Congress shall fix the standard of ...... Witnesses against him........................ Written opinion of the principal officer in each of the Executive Departments on any subject relating to the duties of his office.................... by a ... 2 14 2 3 2 .............. W War...... ............ without the consent of Congress................... [Amendments] .. War against the United States............... Weights and measures................ unless actually invaded....................... and make rules concerning captures on land and water........................... For governing the land and naval forces......... 2007 Jkt 036932 PO 00000 Frm 00085 Fmt 7601 Sfmt 6011 E:\HR\OC\932. at the desire of one-fifth of those present...................... describing the place to be searched........ &c......... Disabilities incurred by participation in insurrection or rebellion.................................... [Amendments] ... Congress shall have power to make rules and articles of .. .............. on oath or affirmation............................

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful