shtml A list of thermoplastic materials used in injection molding

The table below provides some brief details on different thermoplastic materials used in injection moulding. The list is by no means exhaustive and there are a number of blends of different materials, e.g. PC/ABS, designed to achieve the best performance properties of the two individual components. Within each group of plastics materials different levels of performance are available. Additional strength may be gained through the addition of fillers, such as talc or glass, in many cases. Also additives to improve UV stability or flame retardancy or provide antimicrobial properties may also be used.

Material Polypropylene PP Homopolymer PP Copolymer Polyethylene PE Low Density PE High Density Polystyrene General Purpose High Impact Acrylic Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene


Properties Good chemical resistance Semi rigid, durable

Typical Applications Packaging, containers Small domestic appliances eg kettles Good gloss, texture possible, low Large automotive parts, plates cost and cups for children and picnics Good chemical resistance, flexible Low Density –Packaging, or semi rigid depending on grade. containers. High Density – Weatherproof, good low crates, chemical drums, temperature performance. Non gas/water pipe and fittings, toxic. Low cost kitchenware Brittle, transparent. Poor UV GPPS – toys, packaging, stability. HIPS up to 7x impact cosmetic packaging strength of GPPS HIPS – TV cabinets, refrigerator linings, toilet seats Rigid, clear, glossy, good weather Lenses, signs, light diffusers, resistance point of purchase displays Rigid, opaque, tough, good gloss, Domestic appliances, car texture possible fascias, computer housings

transparent. clock parts. transparent. springlike. opaque. bearings excellent chemical and heat in chemical process resistance industry Rigid. transformer parts PES. and electrical properties computer printer components Rigid.PSU. Drainpipes and guttering. clear. good Chemical pumps. telephones. business temperature range resistance machine components. pumps. available. good UV resistance Housings. wheels PBT. drinking tumblers. good wear Aerosol valves. seals. good dimensional headlamp lenses. tough. insulation. automotive under bonnet parts Rigid. PET Rigid. High cost fuel cells PPS Rigid. transformer temperature parts. rigid or flexible grades devices. resistant Lenses. to stress cracking kitchen and picnic ware. opaque. car resistance. cable weatherprooof. good chemical resistance TV housings. vandal resistance. automotive door mirrors and radiator grilles Polyurethane Polyesters Polysulphone Polyphenylene Sulphide Rigid. safety stability helmets.PEEK Excellent high temperature Microwave grills. hardwearing Gears. surgical equipment. good low temperature flexibility. riot shields. impermeable Shoe soles and heels. good weather proof glazing. chemotherapy stability. clear. opaque. glossy. ice cube trays. tough. wide Drink bottles. heating element bases Polyvinylidene Fluoride Polyphenylene Oxide Ethylene Vinyl Acetate PVDF PPO EVA Strong. non-flammable. rollers. non-burning. hi-fi covers PVC Rigid or flexible grades. hoses . automotive instrument enclosures Handle grips. medical and chemical resistance at high dental equipment. extremely tough. flooring. tough material with Valves. excellent dimensional stability Flexible (rubber-like). gaskets. tough. roofing. babies’ bottles Acrylate Styrene Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylonitrile Polyvinyl Chloride ASA SAN Rigid. good impact strength and electrical hosepipes insulation PUR Flexible. bearings. excellent impact Crash helmet visors.Nylon (Polyamide) Acetal Polycarbonate PA POM PC Rigid. tough.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful